GCSE PE SKILL AREA ORIENTEERING This document has been produced by British Orienteering to assist teachers in meeting the requirements and terminology of the National Curriculum Orders for Physical Education for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is not intended to be a definitive syllabus for the orienteering activity area of GCSE Physical Education. GCSE PE (SKILL AREA - ORIENTEERING) - PROGRESSION OF SKILLS IN ORDER OF DIFFICULTY. Acquire and develop skills Map reading Scale Legend Orientate map to terrain Orientate map using compass. Control points Navigate along a single line feature Select and Apply skills Introduce plans of rooms, tabletops, gymnasiums and location of apparatus/equipment within that space. Progress to school grounds with a plan of the buildings/playing fields. Introduce a variety of scales from room sizes to playing fields and more difficult areas Recognise all the colours and common features on an orienteering map. Candidates identify where they are, identify features around them and locate these on the map. Students change grip to keep the map set. Set the map - compass fixed to North and needle running parallel with the Magnetic North lines on the map. With the map still candidates should be able to identify some features around them. Recognise control points on the map and at the relevant feature in the terrain. Also how routes are shown. Navigate from one control to the next along a single line feature i.e. path, wall. Assessment based on a 5 band marking system. Band Description 1 Candidates should be able to • Show simple understanding of maps. • Recognise common map symbols and define map colours. • Orientate the map well, using terrain and compass. • Navigate from one control to the next along a single line feature e.g. path. Observable behaviour • Does not warm up • Wears inappropriate clothing. • Before the start pays scant attention to the map, start in a lack lustre way. • May lose essential items e.g. control card, map, compass. • May stand still for long periods, fail to set map correctly. • May need to be located and directed back to finish. • After the event cannot or will not attempt to analyse their performance. Acquire and develop skills Use line feature’s as handrails Thumb map Sense of scale to distance Select and Apply skills Navigate from one control to the next using handrails. Candidates use their thumb, folding the map if appropriate, to indicate their present location. Use spatial distance judgement e.g. halfway along. Assessment based on a 5 band marking system. Band Description 2 Candidates should be able to • Use the features on the map to move from path to paths by selecting the correct route. • Thumb the map. • Use spatial distance judgement to measure the distance along a route. Observable behaviour • Does not warm up • Wears inappropriate clothing. • Before the start pays brief attention to the map, chooses to collude with others, starts in a lack lustre way. • May stand still for long periods, wander aimlessly, little success with setting map correctly. • After the event may reluctantly and simplistically analyse their performance. Acquire and develop skills Knowledge of the sport of orienteering Understanding of safety Cutting corners Aiming off Compass directions Attack points Absolute distance judgement Select and Apply skills Introduce candidates to types of compass, maps, events e.g. cross country, score and footwear, Candidates should be aware of importance of whistle (when and how to use), watch, safety bearing, body cover, appropriate clothing and selection of course relative to physical fitness and technical competence. Candidates aim to one side of a control or feature so that they know which way to turn when they hit the feature and before seeing the control. Introduce candidates to the features of a compass and how to navigate using cardinal directions. Candidates navigate to an obvious feature near the control point from which the control can be located. Candidates use the map scale to calculate distance along a route e.g. 100m along Assessment based on a 5 band marking system. Band Description 3 Candidates should be able to show understanding of • The sport including types of compass, maps, events e.g. cross country, score and footwear. • Safety including importance of whistle, watch, safety bearing, body cover, appropriate clothing and selection of course relative to physical fitness. Candidates should have confidence to • Take short cuts off paths. • To navigate using cardinal directions • Use attack points • Use absolute distance judgement Observable behaviour • Little attempt to warm up • Clothing may inhibit athletic performance but reasonable for prevailing conditions.. • Before the start looks at the map, may choose to collude with others, starts in a forthright manner. • Appears to read the map on the move and while stood still. When setting the map they may be slow but will do so correctly. • After the event will be able to simply analyse their performance. May be evasive if they have under performed and/or relied on others. Acquire and develop skills Compass bearings. Rough orienteering with good catching features. Pace counting Fine orienteering on short legs. Select and Apply skills Show candidates how to use a compass using the ‘direction of travel’ method. Use simple direction cards in a gymnasium, progress onto maps. Candidates navigate quickly using rough compass bearings and obvious features on the map and ground. Introduce candidates to use of pacing to check off distance covered . Candidates use map, pacing and compass to accurately navigate along a short route in detailed terrain. Assessment based on a 5 band marking system. Band Description 4 Candidates should have greater confidence to • Perform the skills at greater speed. • Use the compass to take bearings and/or use the ‘direction of travel’ method for travel and reference. • Rough orienteer against good catching features. • Use pace counting. • Fine orienteer over short distances using pacing and compass. Observable behaviour • Candidate stretches. • Wears comfortable appropriate clothing. • Before the start carefully looks at the map, may briefly collude with others, starts in a forthright manner. • Appears to read the map on the move and while stood still only for short periods. Sets the map quickly and accurately. • After the event they will analyse their performance and be good at recognising mistakes at particular locations on the course. Acquire and develop skills Understand simple contour shapes Select and Apply skills Navigate through different types of terrain Competitive techniques Introduce candidates to a variety of terrains e.g. woods, safe lowland open areas. Provide opportunities for candidates to take part in competitive events. Introduce candidates to contours on maps. Use simple contour shapes for navigation over short distances. Assessment based on a 5 band marking system. Band Description 5 Candidates should be very confident in orienteering. They will: • Be able to use contours to aid navigation. • Use quick decision making. • Be able to navigate through different types of terrain. • Know when to use the compass and pacing. • Have experience of competitive orienteering. Observable behaviour • Candidate stretches and warms up. • Wears appropriate clothing for athletic performance and prevailing conditions. • Before the start attentively looks at the map, offers advice to others who approach them., starts in a competitive manner. • Appears to move continuously, stopping only briefly. • After the event they clearly define mistakes, analyse their performance and may recognise other extenuating circumstances.
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