Kids that Click - Parachute Canada
Riding by car to school, soccer practice
or the dentist’s office is a part of the
family routine for many kids in Canada.
But vehicles are not built for kids
– smaller bodies don’t fit the vehicle seat
or the seat belts safely.
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading
cause of preventable injury and death
to children aged 0 to 14.1 Buying the
right car or booster seat to fit your child
and using it safely are the best ways to
protect your child. Let us show you how.
1 Health
Canada. For the Safety of Canadian Children and Youth: From Injury
Data to Preventive Measures. Ottawa. 1997.
1
The Kids that Click educational program assists parents and caregivers in buying and using car and booster seats to keep kids safe from the first
ride home until they are ready for the seat belt.
Getting Started
Choosing a car or booster seat for your child can seem difficult. There are many to choose from in the store, but how do you know what type of
seat is the right one to keep your child safe?
By choosing a new car or booster seat, you know for sure that it is safe for use in Canada. The seat must have a Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety
Standards (CMVSS) label. This label is a sticker with a circle and a maple leaf.
To get started, ask yourself these simple questions:
How tall is my child?
________ inches/________ centimetres
How much does my child weigh?
________ pounds/_______ kilograms
s(EIGHTANDWEIGHTAREIMPORTANTTOHELPYOUCHOOSETHERIGHTSEATFORYOURCHILD
s#ARANDBOOSTERSEATSARETESTEDFORSAFETYBASEDONHEIGHTSANDWEIGHTS
Heights and weights are listed on the seat and on the box.
How old is my child?
________
s!LWAYSCHECKTHEHEIGHTANDWEIGHTLIMITSlRSTANDUSEAGEASAGUIDELINE
Now that you have this information, it’s time to choose a seat for your child.
2
Stages for Safety
Children grow and change quickly and need different protection at different ages and stages. We’ve developed the following chart to help you
choose the car or booster seat that is right for your child.
Follow this Guide to Help Choose the Right Car or Booster Seat
Types of Seats
on the Market
Rear Facing Options
Forward Facing
Options
Always use until your child
is at least 1 year of age
Infant Only Seat
Must use tether strap
Booster Seat
Options
Must use with lap
and shoulder seat belt
| -------------------------- |
Used Rear Facing Only
use until 20-22 lb. (9-10 kg)
or until 26-29 in. (66-74 cm)
2 in 1 Seat
| -------------------------- | | ------------------------ |
Used Rear Facing
Used Forward Facing
use until 22-30 lb. (10-14 kg)
or until 29-37 in. (74-94 cm)
2 in 1 Seat
use until 40-48 lb. (18-22 kg)
or until 40-47 in.(102-119 cm)
| ------------------------ | | -------------------------- |
Used Forward Facing
Used as a Booster Seat
use until 40-48 lb. (18-22 kg)
or until 40-43 in. (102-109 cm)
3 in 1 Seat
use until 80-100 lb. (36-45 kg)
or until 50-57 in. (127-145 cm)
| -------------------------- | | ------------------------ | | -------------------------- |
Used Rear Facing
Used Forward Facing
Used as a Booster Seat
use until 30 lb. (14 kg)
or until 32 in. (81 cm)
use until 40 lb. (18 kg)
or until 40 in. (102 cm)
Booster Seat
use until 80 lb. (36 kg)
or until 52 in. (132 cm)
| -------------------------- |
Booster Seat:
High Back and No Back
use until 80-100 lb. (36-45 kg)
or until 52-57 in. (132-145 cm)
ALWAYS FOLLOW THE MANUFACTURER’S WEIGHT AND HEIGHT LIMITS
3
Stage 1 – Rear Facing Car Seat
Up to 30 pounds (14 kilograms), up to 37 inches (94 centimetres), and from birth until at least 1 year of age
s!NEWBORNISSAFESTINANINFANTONLYREARFACINGCARSEAT
s!CHILDINAREARFACINGCARSEATALWAYSFACESTHEBACKOFTHECAR
s!REARFACINGCARSEATUSESHARNESSSTRAPSOVERTHESHOULDERSANDLEGSTOHOLDYOURCHILDINTHESEATTIGHTLY4HEHARNESSSTRAPSACTASTHE
seat belt for your child.
s!REARFACINGCARSEATISNEEDEDBECAUSEYOURCHILDISFRAGILEANDNEEDSLOTSOFPROTECTION)TISDESIGNEDSOTHATIFYOUAREINASUDDENSTOP
or a crash, the pressure will be put along your child’s back –the strongest part of her body.
s4HELONGERYOUCANKEEPYOURCHILDINAREARFACINGCARSEATWITHINTHEHEIGHTORWEIGHTLIMITOFTHESEATTHESAFERYOURCHILDWILLBE
There are three types of rear facing car seats.
Infant only seat is used as:
a rear facing car seat only
2 in 1 seat can be used as:
a rear facing car seat and
a forward facing seat
3 in 1 seat can be used as:
a rear facing car seat, a forward
facing car seat and a booster seat
Height: Use until 26 or 29 inches
(66 or 74 centimetres) depending
on the brand.
Height: Use until 29 to 37 inches
(74 to 94 centimetres) depending
on the brand.
Height: Use until 32 inches
(81 centimetres).
Weight: Use until 20 or 22 pounds
(9 or 10 kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Weight: Use until 22 or 30 pounds
(10 or 14 kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Weight: Use until 30 pounds
(14 kilograms).
Age: Use from birth until at least
age 1. Keep your baby in this seat as
long as she is not over the height or
weight limit. It is common for babies
to outgrow an infant only seat before
the age of 1.
Age: Use from the time your child
outgrows the infant only seat. 2 in 1
seats can be used from birth but it is
safest to use an infant only seat first
until at least 1 year of age.
Age: Use from the time your child
outgrows the infant only seat. 3 in 1
seats can be used from birth but it is
safest to use an infant only seat first
until at least 1 year of age.
4
Stage 2 – Forward Facing Car Seat
Up to 48 pounds (22 kilograms), up to 47 inches (119 centimetres), and from at least 1 year until between the
ages 4 and 5 depending on your child’s size.
s!CHILDINAFORWARDFACINGSEATFACESTHEFRONTOFTHECAR
s!FORWARDFACINGCARSEATUSESHARNESSSTRAPSOVERTHESHOULDERSANDLEGS
to hold your child in tight. The harness straps act as the seat belt for your
CHILD4HEBESTCHOICEISASEATWITHAPOINTHARNESS!POINTHARNESS
HASSTRAPSOVERTHESHOULDERSANDOVERBOTHLEGS
s!FORWARDFACINGCARSEATISDESIGNEDFORCHILDRENWHOHAVEHADATLEAST
1 year to let their spines, bones and muscles grow strong. When the body
is stronger it can take the pressure of a sudden stop or crash with less risk
of serious injury.
s5SEATETHERSTRAPWITHAFORWARDFACINGCARSEATTOPROVIDETHEEXTRA
protection that is needed for children who are ready to ride forward facing.
s!TETHERSTRAPISATTACHEDTOTHECARSEATANDISCONNECTEDTOYOURCAR
Check your owner’s manual to find out where the tether anchor is located.
)FYOURVEHICLEDOESNOTHAVEATETHERLOCATIONCONTACTTHEVEHICLEDEALERSHIP
TOHAVEONEPROFESSIONALLYINSTALLED
s.EVERUSEATETHERSTRAPWITHAREARFACINGCARSEATUNLESSTHE
MANUFACTURERSINSTRUCTIONSSAYITISSAFE5SINGATETHERSTRAPFORAREAR
facing seat could harm your child.
5
There are three types of forward facing car seats.
2 in 1 seat can be used as:
a rear facing car seat and a
forward facing car seat
2 in 1 seat can be used as:
a forward facing car seat and
a booster seat
3 in 1 seat can be used as:
a rear facing car seat, a forward
facing car seat and a booster seat
Height: Use until 40 or 47 inches
(102 or 119 centimetres) depending
on the brand.
Height: Use until 40 or 43 inches
(102 or 109 centimetres) depending
on the brand.
Height: Use until 40 inches
(102 centimetres).
Weight: Use until 40 or 48 pounds
(18 or 22 kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Weight: Use until 40 to 48 pounds
(18 to 22 kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Weight: Use until 40 pounds
(18 kilograms).
Age: Use only once child is at least
1 year old and too big for a rear
facing seat. Most children outgrow
a forward facing seat at 4 or 5
years old.
Age: Use only once child is at least
1 year old and too big for a rear
facing seat. Most children outgrow
a forward facing car seat at 4 or 5
years old.
Age: Use only once child is at least
1 year old and too big for a rear
facing seat. Most children outgrow
a forward facing car seat at 4 or 5
years old.
6
Stage 3 – Booster Seat
Up to at least 80 pounds (36 kilograms), up to 57 inches (145 centimetres) and from the age of about 4 or 5 years to about
the age of 9 years.
s!BOOSTERSEATLIFTSYOURCHILDUPSOTHATTHESEATBELTlTS
correctly, for safety. Seat belts are made to fit people at least
4 feet, 9 inches tall (145 centimetres).
s!CHILDINABOOSTERSEATFACESTHEFRONTOFTHEVEHICLE
s0UTTINGYOURCHILDINASEATBELTBEFOREACHILDISBIGENOUGH
will put him at risk for serious injury or death in a crash.
“Seat-belt syndrome” is how doctors describe injuries to the
spine and internal organs that can happen when a too-small
child is in a seat belt only.
s)NABOOSTERSEATTHESEATBELTlTSACROSSTHECHESTBONE
and hip bones for safety because these are the strongest
PARTSOFTHEBODY)NACRASHTHEBONESABSORBTHEIMPACT
instead of the soft tissues and organs.
s!BOOSTERSEATDOESNOTUSEHARNESSSTRAPS4HEVEHICLES
seat belt is used to hold your child in place in a crash or
sudden stop.
s3OMEPROVINCESIN#ANADAHAVEALAWREQUIRINGBOOSTER
seats. Check your Ministry of Transportation for details of the
law. Even if your province or territory does not yet have a law,
children need a booster seat to be safe.
s!LLNEWBOOSTERSEATSMUSTBEUSEDWITHTHELAPAND
shoulder belt in the vehicle.
7
There are four types of booster seats.
2 in 1 seat can be used
as: a forward facing car
seat and a booster seat
No back booster seat
can be used as:
a booster seat
3 in 1 seat can be used
as: a rear facing car seat, a
forward facing car seat
and a booster seat
High back booster
seat can be used as:
a booster seat
Only use a no back booster
seat in a vehicle that has
headrests in the back seat.
Height: Use until 50 to
57 inches (127 to 145
centimetres) depending
on the brand.
Height: Use until 52
inches (132 centimetres).
Height: Use until 57
inches (145 centimetres).
Height: Use until 52 to
57 inches (132 to 145
centimetres) depending
on the brand.
Weight: Use until 80
or 100 pounds (36 or 45
kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Weight: Use until 80
pounds (36 kilograms).
Weight: Use until 80
or 100 pounds (36 or 45
kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Weight: Use until 80
or 100 pounds (36 or 45
kilograms) depending on
the brand.
Age: Use once your child
is too big for a forward
facing seat. Most children
outgrow a forward facing
seat at 4 or 5 years.
Age: Use once your child
is too big for a forward
facing seat. Most children
outgrow a forward facing
seat at 4 or 5 years.
Age: Use once your child
is too big for a forward
facing seat. Most children
outgrow a forward facing
seat at 4 or 5 years.
Age: Use once your child
is too big for a forward
facing seat. Most children
outgrow a forward facing
seat at 4 or 5 years.
8
Stage 4 - The Seat Belt
From at least 80 pounds (36 kilograms), or 57 inches (145 centimetres) and about age 9 years.
s3EATBELTSAREMADETOlTPEOPLEATLEASTFEETINCHESTALLCENTIMETRES
s0UTTINGYOURCHILDINASEATBELTBEFOREYOURCHILDISBIGENOUGHWILLPUTHIMATRISKFORSERIOUSINJURYORDEATHINACRASHh3EATBELT
syndrome” is how doctors describe injuries to the spine and internal organs that can happen when a too-small child is in a
seat belt only.
s/NCEYOURCHILDHASOUTGROWNHERBOOSTERSEATUSEALAPANDSHOULDERBELTINTHEREARSEATOFTHEVEHICLEFORSAFETY#HILDRENYEARS
and under should always sit in the back seat – it is the safest place.
s4OlNDOUTIFYOURCHILDISREADYFORTHESEATBELTCHECKTHEWAYTHESEATBELTlTSYOURCHILD(AVEYOURCHILDPUTONTHESEATBELTINTHE
vehicle and ask:
$OESTHESHOULDERBELTGOOVERTHESHOULDERANDACROSSTHEMIDDLEOFYOURCHILDSCHEST)TSHOULDNOTTOUCHTHENECK
2. Does the lap belt fit low over the hip bones, under the child’s belly area?
3. Do your child’s knees bend comfortably over the edge of the vehicle seat?
1
The lap belt should fit low
over the hip bones, under
your child’s belly area.
The shoulder belt should go over
the shoulder and across the middle
of your child’s chest. It should not
touch the neck.
Your child’s knees should bend
comfortably over the edge of the
vehicle seat.
2
3
If your child does not fit the seat belt this way, he or she needs a booster seat to be safe.
9
4OP4IPSTO)NSTALL9OUR3EAT3AFELY
Now that you have chosen a seat, it’s time to install it in your vehicle. Review the following tips, read the seat manual
and the manual for your vehicle.
Remember that all car and booster seats should be installed in:
sTHEREARSEATOFTHEVEHICLEAWAYFROMFRONTALAIRBAGS
sTHECENTRESEATPOSITIONANDAWAYFROMALLSIDEAIRBAGSWHENPOSSIBLE
Installing a rear facing car seat in your vehicle
Securing your child in a rear facing car seat
s Harness straps should be at or below your child’s
shoulders. The harness straps should go through the
harness slots on the car seat.
sKeep harness straps snug. Use the one finger test:
no more than one finger
g should fit between the
h
d your child’s
hild’ collarbone.
ll b
harness strap and
s$ECIDEIFYOUAREGOINGTOUSETHESEATBELTORTHE
Universal Anchorage System (UAS), also known as
LATCH, to install your seat. Read your vehicle
manual to see if your vehicle has UAS and in which
seating positions.
s)FYOUAREUSINGASEATBELTREADTHEVEHICLEMANUALTO
learn how to activate the locking mechanism on the
seat belt. If it has a built in locking mechanism, activate
the lock.
s)FYOURSEATBELTDOESNOT
have a built in locking
mechanism, you may need
a locking clip to install a car
seat. A locking clip is a metal clip that comes with
your car seat when you buy it.
s&INDTHEREARFACINGSEATBELTOR5!3PATHONTHECAR
seat or on its base.
s0UTTHESEATBELTOR5!3CONNECTORSTHROUGHTHEREAR
facing belt path and buckle the belt or UAS connectors.
s,OCKchest clip at your child’s armpit level
to keep the harness straps in place.
10
Installing a rear facing car seat in your vehicle
Securing your child in a rear facing car seat
s5SEYOURKNEETOPUSHYOURBODYWEIGHTONTOTHECAR
seat or car seat base and pull the excess belt webbing
of the seat belt or UAS system tight.
s#HECKFORATIGHTINSTALLATION
hold the car seat where
the seat belt or UAS
connectors are secured
to the vehicle. Pull the
car seat from side to
side and forward. The
seat should not move
more than one inch
(2.5 centimetres)
in any direction.
s.EVERPLACEEXTRACUSHIONINGLIKEAHEADHUGGER
under or behind your child unless it came with the
car seat. Extra cushioning may prevent harness straps
from being snug.You can place a rolled light blanket,
like a receiving blanket, around your child’s head and
neck for support.
s$ONOTUSEATHICKSNOWSUITORBUNTINGBAGFORYOUR
child in a car seat. They prevent the harness straps
from being snug. Instead, dress your child in warm
layers, like a sweater and warm sleeper. Once you
have buckled your child in the seat, you can place a
blanket over her – but do not cover her head.
s)FYOUAREUSINGANINFANT
only seat, read the seat instructions to find out if you
need to put the carry handle down.
s4HESEATSHOULDBESECUREDATADEGREEANGLE)FTHE
seat is not at this angle, it needs to be reinstalled. Some
seats have an adjustable part to help get the right angle
- check your seat manual. If the base is not adjustable,
place a rolled towel or foam “pool noodle” underneath
the base, nearest to the seat belt to get the car seat to a
45 degree angle.
11
Installing a forward facing car seat in your vehicle
Securing your child in a forward facing car seat
s#HECKTOENSURETHEHARNESSSTRAPSAREPUTTHROUGH
the right slots of the car seat for your child’s height.
You can read more about harness straps in your car
seat manual.
s)NSTALLTHESEATINANUPRIGHTPOSITIONFOLLOWINGTHE
manufacturer’s instructions.
s$ECIDEIFYOUAREGOINGTOUSETHESEATBELTORTHE
Universal Anchorage System (UAS), also known
as LATCH, to install your seat. Read your vehicle
manual to see if your vehicle has UAS and in
which seating positions.
s&INDTHEFORWARDFACINGBELTPATHOR5!3PATHON
the car seat.
s0UTTHESEATBELTOR5!3CONNECTORSTHROUGHTHE
G
s(ARNESSSTRAPSSHOULDBE
at or above your child’s
shoulders. The harness
straps should go through
the harness slots on the
car seat.
s+EEPHARNESSSTRAPSSNUG
Use the one finger test:
no more than one finger
should fit between the
harness strap and your
child’s collarbone.
s,OCKchest clip at your
child’s armpit level to
keep the harness straps in place.
forward facing belt path and buckle the belt or
UAS connectors.
s5SEYOURKNEETOPUSHYOURBODYWEIGHTONTOTHE
car seat and pull the excess belt webbing of the seat
belt or UAS system tight.
s#HECKFORATIGHTINSTALLATIONHOLDTHECARSEATWHERE
the seat belt or UAS connectors are secured to the
vehicle. Pull the car seat from side to side and forward.
The seat should not move more than 1 inch
(2.5 centimetres) in any direction.
s4HETETHERSTRAPSHOULDATTACHTOTHECARSEATATTHE
top. Connect the tether strap to the tether anchor in
the vehicle and pull to tighten.
s)FYOURVEHICLEDOESNOTHAVEATETHERANCHOR
contact the vehicle dealership to have one
professionally installed.
s.EVERPLACEEXTRACUSHIONINGLIKEAHEADHUGGER
under or behind your child unless it came with the car
seat. Extra cushioning may prevent harness straps from
being snug.You can place a rolled light blanket, like a
receiving blanket, around your child’s head and neck
for support.
s$ONOTUSEATHICKSNOWSUITORBUNTINGBAGFORYOUR
child in a car seat. They prevent the harness straps
from being snug. Instead, dress your child in warm
layers, like a sweater and warm sleeper. Once you have
buckled your child in the seat, you can place a blanket
over her – but do not cover her head.
12
Installing a booster seat in your vehicle
Securing your child in a booster seat
s2EMEMBERTHATNEWBOOSTERSEATSMUSTBEUSEDWITH
a lap and shoulder belt – they cannot be used with lap
belts only.
s)FYOUAREUSINGABOOSTERSEATTHATCANALSOBEUSEDASA
car seat, remove the harness straps and tether strap.
s"UCKLEYOURCHILDINTHEBOOSTERSEATUSINGTHELAPAND
shoulder belt following the manufacturer’s instructions.
s3OMEBOOSTERSEATSHAVESEATBELTGUIDESTOPOSITION
the seat belt over your child.
s.EVERUSEASEATBELTADJUSTERTHATDIDNOTCOMEWITH
the booster seat when you bought it. These products
are not tested for government safety standards.
13
s9OURCHILDSHOULDRIDEINABOOSTERSEATINTHEREARSEAT
of your vehicle.
s4HESHOULDERBELTSHOULDRESTSNUGLYACROSSTHECHEST
and shoulder and should not touch the neck. The seat
belt should never be placed under the arm or behind
your child’s back – this could lead to serious injury in
a crash.
s4HELAPBELTSHOULDlTLOWOVERTHEHIPBONESUNDER
your child’s belly area. It should not rest across the
tummy – this could lead to serious injury in a crash.
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