Seagate | ST320DM000 | Datasheet | Seagate Barracuda ST320DM000 hard disk drive

Product Manual
Barracuda
ST500DM002
ST320DM000
ST250DM000
100672652
Rev. A
July 2011
Document Revision History
Revision
Date
Description of Change
Rev. A
07/07/2011
Initial draft.
© 2011 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved.
Publication number: 100672652, Rev. A July 2011
Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC in the United States and/
or other countries. Barracuda and SeaTools are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of
its affiliated companies in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property
of their respective owners.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without written permission of Seagate Technology LLC.
Call 877-PUB-TEK1 (877-782-8351) to request permission.
One gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and one terabyte, or TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your computer's operating system may
use a different standard of measurement and report a lower capacity. In addition, some of the listed capacity is used for formatting and
other functions, and thus will not be available for data storage. Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product offerings or
specifications
Contents
Seagate Technology Support Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.0
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.0
Drive Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1
Specification summary tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2
Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2.1
LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3
Default logical geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4
Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5
Physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6
Seek time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.7
Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8
Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8.1
Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8.2
Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8.3
Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.8.4
Power-management modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9
Environmental specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.1
Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.2
Temperature gradient. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.3
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.4
Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.5
Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9.6
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.10
Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.10.1
Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.11
Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.12
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.13
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.14
Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.14.1
Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.14.2
Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.14.3
FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.15
Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.15.1
European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . .
2.15.2
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.16
Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
11
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
22
3.0
Configuring and Mounting the Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
23
23
23
24
4.0
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1
Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3
Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.1
Identify Device command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.2
Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.3
S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
27
28
31
35
36
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Attaching SATA cabling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Mounting dimensions (500, 320 and 250 models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Seagate Technology Support Services
For information regarding online support and services, visit http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/about/
contact_us/
Available services include:
• Presales & Technical support
• Global Support Services telephone numbers & business hours
• Authorized Service Centers
For information regarding Warranty Support, visit
http://www.seagate.com/www/en-us/support/warranty_&_returns_assistance
For information regarding data recovery services, visit http://www.i365.com
For Seagate OEM and Distribution partner portal, visit https://direct.seagate.com/portal/system
For Seagate reseller portal, visit http://spp.seagate.com
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
7
8
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
1.0 Introduction
This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following Seagate
Barracuda® model drives:
ST500DM002
ST320DM000
ST250DM000
These drives provide the following key features:
• 7200 RPM spindle speed.
• Seagate SmartAlign™ technology provides a simple, transparent migration to Advanced Format 4K sectors.
• High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 600MB per second).
• Perpendicular recording technology provides the drives with increased areal density.
• State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms.
• Native Command Queueing with command ordering to increase performance in demanding applications.
• Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention.
• Quiet operation.
• Compliant with RoHS requirements in China and Europe.
• SeaTools diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns.
• Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting.
• Supports latching SATA cables and connectors.
• Worldwide Name (WWN) capability uniquely identifies the drive.
1.1
About the Serial ATA interface
The Serial ATA interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary
advantages include:
• Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity. It is not necessary to set any jumpers
or other configuration options.
• Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation.
• Scalability to higher performance levels.
In addition, Serial ATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. Serial
ATA was designed to allow you to install a Serial ATA host adapter and Serial ATA disk drive in your current system
and expect all of your existing applications to work as normal.
The Serial ATA interface connects each disk drive in a point-to-point configuration with the Serial ATA host
adapter. There is no master/slave relationship with Serial ATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two drives
are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they were both
“masters” on two separate ports. This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master)
devices.
Note
The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two
devices on separate Serial ATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and
Device 1 (slave) accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a
master/slave environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical Serial ATA
environment.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
9
Introduction
www.seagate.com
The Serial ATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide
backward compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers, PIO
and DMA data transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated.
The Serial ATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers,
referred to as the Shadow Register Block. All Serial ATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional
information about how Serial ATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA International Organization: Serial
ATA Revision 3.0”. The specification can be downloaded from www.sata-io.org.
10
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
2.0 Drive Specifications
Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal power.
For convenience, the phrases the drive and this drive are used throughout this manual to indicate the following
drive models:
ST500DM002
2.1
ST320DM000
ST250DM000
Specification summary tables
The specifications listed in the following tables are for quick reference. For details on specification measurement
or definition, see the appropriate section of this manual.
Table 1 Drive specifications summary for 500, 320 and 250GB models
Drive Specification
ST500DM002
ST320DM000
ST250DM000
Formatted capacity*
500GB
320GB
250GB
Guaranteed sectors
976,773,168
625,142,448
488,397,168
Heads
2
2
1
Disks
1
1
1
Bytes per sector
4096
4096
4096
Default sectors per track
63
63
63
Default read/write heads
16
16
16
Default cylinders
16,383
16,383
16,383
Recording density (max.)
1413kb/in
1413kb/in
1413kb/in
Track density (avg.)
236 ktracks/in
236 ktracks/in
236 ktracks/in
Areal density (avg.)
329Gb/in2
329Gb/in2
329Gb/in2
Spindle speed
7200 RPM
7200 RPM
7200 RPM
Internal data transfer rate (max)
1695Mb/s
1695Mb/s
1695Mb/s
Sustained data transfer rate OD
(max)
125MB/s
125MB/s
125MB/s
I/O data-transfer rate (max.)
600MB/s
600MB/s
600MB/s
ATA data-transfer modes supported
PIO modes: 0 to 4
Multiword DMA modes: 0 to 2
Ultra DMA modes: 0 to 6
PIO modes: 0 to 4
Multiword DMA modes: 0 to 2
Ultra DMA modes: 0 to 6
PIO modes: 0 to 4
Multiword DMA modes: 0 to 2
Ultra DMA modes: 0 to 6
Cache buffer
16MB
16MB
16MB
Height (max)
19.98mm / 0.787 in
19.98mm / 0.787 in
19.98mm / 0.787 in
Width (max)
101.6mm / 4.0 in (+ 0.010 in)
101.6mm / 4.0 in (+ 0.010 in)
101.6mm / 4.0 in ( + 0.010 in)
Length (max)
146.99mm / 5.787 in
146.99mm / 5.787 in
146.99mm / 5.787 in
Weight (typical)
415g / 0.915 lb
415g / 0.915 lb
415g / 0.915 lb
Average latency
4.16ms
4.16ms
4.16ms
Power-on to ready (max)
<8.5s
<8.5s
<8.5s
Standby to ready (max)
<8.5s
<8.5s
<8.5s
Track-to-track seek time (typical)
<1.0ms read;
<1.2ms write
<1.0ms read;
<1.2ms write
<1.0ms (read)
<1.2ms (write)
<8.5ms (read)
<8.5ms (read)
<8.5ms (read)
<9.5ms (write)
<9.5ms (write)
<9.5ms (write)
Average seek, read (typical)
Average seek, write (typical)
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
11
Drive Specifications
www.seagate.com
Table 1 Drive specifications summary for 500, 320 and 250GB models (continued)
Drive Specification
ST500DM002
ST320DM000
ST250DM000
Startup current (typical) 12V
(peak)
2.0A
2.0A
2.0A
Voltage tolerance (including noise)
5V ±5%
12V +10% / -7.5%
5V ±5%
12V +10% / -7.5%
5V ±5%
12V +10% / -7.5%
Ambient temperature
0° to 60°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (non-operating)
0° to 60°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (non-operating)
Temperature gradient
20°C per hour max (operating)
30°C per hour max (nonoperating)
20°C per hour max (operating)
30°C per hour max (non-operating)
20°C per hour max (operating)
30°C per hour max (non-operating)
Relative humidity
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (non-operating)
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (non-operating)
5% to 95% (operating)
5% to 95% (non-operating)
0° to 60°C (operating)
–40° to 70°C (non-operating)
Relative humidity gradient (max)
30% per hour
30% per hour
30% per hour
Wet bulb temperature (max)
37.7°C (operating)
40.0°C (non-operating)
37.7°C (operating)
40.0°C (non-operating)
37.7°C (operating)
40.0°C (non-operating)
Altitude, operating
–304.8m to 3,048m
(–1000 ft to 10,000+ ft)
–304.8m to 3,048m
(–1000 ft to 10,000+ ft)
Altitude, non-operating
(below mean sea level, max)
–304.8m to 12,192m
(–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft)
–304.8m to 12,192m
(–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft)
–304.8m to 12,192m
(–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft)
Operational Shock (max)
70 Gs at 2ms
70 Gs at 2ms
70 Gs at 2ms
Non-Operational Shock (max)
350 Gs at 2ms
350 Gs at 2ms
350 Gs at 2ms
–304.8m to 3,048m
(–1000 ft to 10,000+ ft)
2Hz to 22Hz: 0.25 Gs, Limited displacement
22Hz to 350Hz: 0.50 Gs
350Hz to 500Hz: 0.25 Gs
Vibration, operating
5Hz to 22Hz: 3.0 Gs
22Hz to 350Hz: 3.0 Gs
350Hz to 500Hz: 3.0 Gs
Vibration, non-operating
Drive acoustics, sound power
Idle**
2.6 bels (typical)
2.7 bels (max)
2.6 bels (typical)
2.7 bels (max)
2.6 bels (typical)
2.7 bels (max)
Seek
2.8 bels (typical)
3.0 bels (max)
2.8 bels (typical)
3.0 bels (max)
2.8 bels (typical)
3.0 bels (max)
Non-recoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read
1 per 1014 bits read
1 per 1014 bits read
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.34%
0.34%
0.34%
Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page:
support.seagate.com/customer/warranty_validation.jsp
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the drive serial
number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive.
Contact start-stop cycles
50,000 at 25°C, 50% rel.
humidity
50,000 at 25°C, 50% rel.
humidity
50,000 at 25°C, 50% rel.
humidity
Supports Hotplug operation per
the Serial ATA Revision 2.5 specification
Yes
Yes
Yes
*One GB equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment and
formatting.
**During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power
to operational levels.
.
12
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
www.seagate.com
2.2
Drive Specifications
Formatted capacity
Model
Formatted
capacity*
Guaranteed
sectors
ST500DM002
500GB
976,773,168
ST320DM000
320GB
625,142,448
ST250DM000
250GB
488,397,168
Bytes per sector
4096K
*One GB equals one billion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment and
formatting.
2.2.1 LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1, where
n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
See Section 4.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48-bit
addressing support of drives with capacities over 137GB.
2.3
Default logical geometry
Cylinders
Read/write heads
Sectors per track
16,383
16
63
LBA mode
When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1, where
n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
13
Drive Specifications
2.4
www.seagate.com
Recording and interface technology
Interface
Serial ATA (SATA)
Recording method
Perpendicular
Recording density (kbits/inch max)
1413
Track density (ktracks/inch avg)
236
Areal density (Gbits/inch2 avg)
329
Spindle speed (RPM)
7,200 ± 0.2%
Internal data transfer rate (Mb/s max)
1695
Sustained data transfer rate (MB/s max)
125
I/O data-transfer rate (MB/s max)
600
2.5
Physical characteristics
Maximum height
500, 320 and 250GB models
19.98mm / 0.787 in
Maximum width
101.6mm / 4.000 (+ 0.010 in)
Maximum length
146.99mm / 5.787 in
Typical weight
500, 320 and 250GB models
415g / 0.915 lb
Cache buffer
500, 320 and 250GB models
2.6
16MB (16,384kb)
Seek time
Seek measurements are taken with nominal power at 25°C ambient temperature. All times are measured using
drive diagnostics. The specifications in the table below are defined as follows:
• Track-to-track seek time is an average of all possible single-track seeks in both directions.
• Average seek time is a true statistical random average of at least 5,000 measurements of seeks between
random tracks, less overhead.
Typical seek times (ms)
Read
Write
Track-to-track
1.0
1.2
Average
8.5
9.5
Average latency
Note
14
4.16
These drives are designed to consistently meet the seek times represented in this manual.
Physical seeks, regardless of mode (such as track-to-track and average), are expected to meet
the noted values. However, due to the manner in which these drives are formatted, benchmark
tests that include command overhead or measure logical seeks may produce results that vary
from these specifications.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
www.seagate.com
2.7
Drive Specifications
Start/stop times
Start/stop times for alll models are listed below.
Power-on to Ready (typ / max sec)
<8.5
Standby to Ready (typ / max sec)
<8.5
Ready to spindle stop (typ / max sec)
10
Time-to-ready may be longer than normal if the drive power is removed without going through normal OS powerdown procedures.
2.8
Power specifications
The drive receives DC power (+5V or +12V) through a native SATA power connector. Refer to Figure 1 on page 24
on page 24.
2.8.1 Power consumption
Power requirements for the drives are listed in Table 2 on page 15. Typical power measurements are based on an
average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, using 5.0V and 12.0V input voltage at 25°C ambient
temperature.
• Spinup power
Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating
speed.
• Read/write power and current
Read/write power is measured with the heads on track, based on a 16-sector write followed by a 32-ms delay,
then a 16-sector read followed by a 32-ms delay.
• Operating power and current
Operating power is measured using 40 percent random seeks, 40 percent read/write mode (1 write for each 10
reads) and 20 percent drive idle mode.
• Idle mode power
Idle mode power is measured with the drive up to speed, with servo electronics active and with the heads in a
random track location.
• Standby mode
During Standby mode, the drive accepts commands, but the drive is not spinning, and the servo and read/write
electronics are in power-down mode.
Table 2 DC power requirements (1-disk)
Power dissipation (1-disk values shown)
Avg (watts 25° C)
Avg 5V typ amps
Avg 12V typ amps
Spinup
—
—
2.0 (peak)
Idle* †
4.60
0.378
0.224
Idle* † (with offline activity)
4.50
0.250
0.240
Operating
6.19
0.656
0.243
Standby
0.79
0.35
0.01
Sleep
0.79
0.35
0.01
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power
to operational levels.
†5W IDLE with DIPLM Enabled
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Drive Specifications
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2.8.2 Conducted noise
Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 80-ohm resistive load on the
+12 volt line or an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on the +5 volt line.
• Using 12-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 120 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10MHz.
• Using 5-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100 mV peak-to-peak square-wave
injected noise at up to 10MHz.
Note
Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write
current.
2.8.3 Voltage tolerance
Voltage tolerance (including noise):
• 5V: ±5%
• 12V: +10% / -7.5%
2.8.4 Power-management modes
The drive provides programmable power management to provide greater energy efficiency. In most systems, you
can control power management through the system setup program. The drive features the following powermanagement modes:
Power modes
Heads
Spindle
Buffer
Active
Tracking
Rotating
Enabled
Idle
Tracking
Rotating
Enabled
Standby
Parked
Stopped
Enabled
Sleep
Parked
Stopped
Disabled
• Active mode
The drive is in Active mode during the read/write and seek operations.
• Idle mode
The buffer remains enabled, and the drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disk
access is necessary.
• Standby mode
The drive enters Standby mode when the host sends a Standby Immediate command. If the host has set the
standby timer, the drive can also enter Standby mode automatically after the drive has been inactive for a specifiable length of time. The standby timer delay is established using a Standby or Idle command. In Standby
mode, the drive buffer is enabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disk access is necessary.
• Sleep mode
The drive enters Sleep mode after receiving a Sleep command from the host. In Sleep mode, the drive buffer is
disabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive leaves Sleep mode after it receives a Hard
Reset or Soft Reset from the host. After receiving a reset, the drive exits Sleep mode and enters Standby mode
with all current translation parameters intact.
• Idle and Standby timers
Each time the drive performs an Active function (read, write or seek), the standby timer is reinitialized and
begins counting down from its specified delay times to zero. If the standby timer reaches zero before any drive
activity is required, the drive makes a transition to Standby mode. In both Idle and Standby mode, the drive
accepts all commands and returns to Active mode when disk access is necessary.
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2.9
Drive Specifications
Environmental specifications
2.9.1 Ambient temperature
Ambient temperature is defined as the temperature of the environment immediately surrounding the drive. Actual
drive case temperature should not exceed 69°C (156°F) within the operating ambient conditions.
Operating:
0° to 60°C (32° to 140°F)
Non-operating:
–40° to 70°C (–40° to 158°F)
2.9.2 Temperature gradient
Operating:
20°C per hour (68°F per hour max), without condensation
Non-operating:
30°C per hour (86°F per hour max)
2.9.3 Humidity
2.9.3.1
Relative humidity
Operating:
5% to 95% non-condensing (30% per hour max)
Nonoperating:
5% to 95% non-condensing (30% per hour max)
2.9.3.2
Wet bulb temperature
Operating:
37.7°C (99.9°F max)
Non-operating:
40°C (104°F max)
2.9.4 Altitude
Operating:
–304.8 m to 3,048 m (–1000 ft. to 10,000+ ft.)
Non-operating:
–304.8 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft. to 40,000+ ft.)
2.9.5 Shock
All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive
mounting screws. Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.9.5.1
Operating shock
These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum
operating shock of 70 Gs based on half-sine shock pulses of 2 ms during read operations. Shocks should not be
repeated more than two times per second.
2.9.5.2
Non-operating shock
500, 320, and 250GB models
The non-operating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation in
performance when subsequently put into operation is 350 Gs based on a non-repetitive half-sine shock pulse of
2-ms duration.
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Drive Specifications
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2.9.6 Vibration
All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the drive
mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis.
2.9.6.1
Operating vibration
The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified
in this document are specified below.
2Hz to 22Hz
0.25 Gs (Limited displacement)
22Hz to 350Hz
0.50 Gs
350Hz to 500Hz
0.25 Gs
2.9.6.2
Non-operating vibration
The maximum non-operating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage or
degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below.
5Hz to 22Hz
3.0 Gs (Limited displacement)
22Hz to 350Hz
3.0 Gs
350Hz to 500Hz
3.0 Gs
2.10 Acoustics
Drive acoustics are measured as overall A-weighted acoustic sound power levels (no pure tones). All
measurements are consistent with ISO document 7779. Sound power measurements are taken under essentially
free-field conditions over a reflecting plane. For all tests, the drive is oriented with the cover facing upward.
Note
For seek mode tests, the drive is placed in seek mode only. The number of seeks per second is
defined by the following equation:
(Number of seeks per second = 0.4 / (average latency + average access time
Table 3 Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor acoustics
500, 320 and 250GB models
Idle*
Seek
2.6 bels (typ)
2.7 bels (max)
2.8 bels (typ)
3.0 bels (max)
*During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power
to operational levels.
2.10.1 Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs)
Seagate follows the ECMA-74 standards for measurement and identification of PDTs. An exception to this
process is the use of the absolute threshold of hearing. Seagate uses this threshold curve (originated in ISO 3897) to discern tone audibility and to compensate for the inaudible components of sound prior to computation of
tone ratios according to Annex D of the ECMA-74 standards.
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Drive Specifications
2.11 Electromagnetic immunity
When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in
performance when subjected to the radio frequency (RF) environments defined in the following Table 4:
Table 4 Radio frequency environments
Test
Description
Performance
level
Reference
standard
Electrostatic discharge
Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV
B
EN61000-4-2: 95
Radiated RF immunity
80MHz to 1,000MHz, 3 V/m,
80% AM with 1kHz sine
900MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @
200Hz
A
EN61000-4-3: 96
ENV50204: 95
Electrical fast transient
± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O B
EN61000-4-4: 95
Surge immunity
± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common,
AC mains
B
EN61000-4-5: 95
Conducted RF
immunity
150kHz to 80MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with
1kHz sine
A
EN61000-4-6: 97
C
C
C
B
EN61000-4-11: 94
0% open, 5 seconds
short, 5 seconds
Voltage dips, interrupts 0%
40%, 0.10 seconds
70%, 0.01 seconds
2.12 Reliability
The product shall achieve an Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) of 0.34% (MTBF of 0.75 million hours) when operated
in an environment of ambient air temperatures of 25°C. Operation at temperatures outside the specifications in
Section 2.9 may increase the product AFR (decrease MTBF). AFR and MTBF are population statistics that are not
relevant to individual units.
AFR and MTBF specifications are based on the following assumptions for desktop personal computer
environments:
• 2400 power-on-hours per year.
• 10,000 average motor start/stop cycles per year.
• Operations at nominal voltages.
• Temperatures outside the specifications in Section 2.9 may reduce the product reliability.
• Normal I/O duty cycle for desktop personal computers. Operation at excessive I/O duty cycle may degrade
product reliability.
The desktop personal computer environment of power-on-hours, temperature, and I/O duty cycle affect the product
AFR and MTBF. The AFR and MTBF will be degraded if used in an enterprise application
Nonrecoverable read errors
1 per 1014 bits read, max
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR)
0.34% (nominal power, 25°C ambient temperature)
Contact start-stop cycles
50,000 cycles
(at nominal voltage and temperature, with 60 cycles per hour and a 50% duty cycle)
Preventive maintenance
None required.
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Drive Specifications
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2.13 Warranty
To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page:
support.seagate.com/customer/warranty_validation.jsp
From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the drive serial number,
model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your
drive.
2.14 Agency certification
2.14.1 Safety certification
These products are certified to meet the requirements of UL60950-1, CSA60950-1 and EN60950 and so marked
as to the certify agency.
2.14.2 Electromagnetic compatibility
Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) as put into place 20 July 2007. Testing is performed to the
levels specified by the product standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are defined
by EN 55022, Class B and the immunity levels are defined by EN 55024.
Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply with the
directives when used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the directives.
The drive is designed for operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O cable (if
necessary) and terminators on all unused I/O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators should
confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their products.
Korean RRL
If these drives have the Korean Communications Commission (KCC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of Article
11 of the Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
Framework requirements of the Radio Research Laboratory (RRL) Communications Commission, Republic of
Korea.
These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic Susceptibility
(EMI/EMS) for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a Korean-recognized
lab.
• Family name: Barracuda 7200.12
• Certificate number: STX - 720012 (B)
Australian C-Tick (N176)
If these models have the C-Tick marking, they comply with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ CISPR22
and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Australian Communication
Authority (ACA).
2.14.3 FCC verification
These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached as
an external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually marketed
to the customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or certification of the
device is required.
Seagate has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total assembly (enclosure,
disk drive, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B computing device, pursuant
to Subpart J, Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation with non-certified assemblies is likely to result in interference to
radio and television reception.
Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not
installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio and
television reception.
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Drive Specifications
This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause interference to radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off, you are
encouraged to try one or more of the following corrective measures:
• Reorient the receiving antenna.
• Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV.
• Move the device farther away from the radio or TV.
• Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets.
If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional
suggestions. You may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission:
How to Identify and Resolve Radio-Television Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication
number 004-000-00345-4.
2.15 Environmental protection
Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations
restricting certain chemical substances.
2.15.1 European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
The European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, restricts the presence of chemical
substances, including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Hexavalent Chromium, PBB and PBDE, in electronic products,
effective July 2006. This drive is manufactured with components and materials that comply with the RoHS
Directive.
2.15.2 China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
This product has an Environmental Protection Use Period (EPUP) of 20 years. The following table
contains information mandated by China's "Marking Requirements for Control of Pollution Caused
by Electronic Information Products" Standard.
"O" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is lower
than the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
"X" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is over the
threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
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Drive Specifications
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2.16 Corrosive environment
Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to light
industrial environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM B845.
However, this accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment. Users should use
caution exposing any electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive chemicals as
electronic drive component reliability can be affected by the installation environment. The silver, copper, nickel
and gold films used in Seagate products are especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide, chloride, and nitrate
contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In addition, electronic components should never be
exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) or exposed to an
ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such as vulcanized rubber, that
can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any electronic equipment
may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives.
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Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
3.0 Configuring and Mounting the Drive
This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive.
3.1
Handling and static-discharge precautions
After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic
discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions:
Caution
• Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground yourself frequently by touching the metal chassis
of a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire installation
procedure.
• Handle the drive by its edges or frame only.
• The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover.
• Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount it in the computer.
• Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board.
• Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids the
warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are used to
seal out dirt and contamination.
3.2
Configuring the drive
Each drive on the Serial ATA interface connects point-to-point with the Serial ATA host adapter. There is no
master/slave relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point relationship. If two drives
are attached on one Serial ATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they were both
“masters” on two separate ports. Both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices.
Serial ATA drives are designed for easy installation. It is usually not necessary to set any jumpers on the drive for
proper operation; however, if you connect the drive and receive a “drive not detected” error, your SATA-equipped
motherboard or host adapter may use a chipset that does not support SATA speed autonegotiation.
3.3
Serial ATA cables and connectors
The Serial ATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections.
The cable size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 inches). See Table 5 for
connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to the drive or host.
For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the host receptacle. The drive and
the host receptacle incorporate features that enable the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind
mateable.
For installations which require cables, you can connect the drive as illustrated in Figure 1.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
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Configuring and Mounting the Drive
www.seagate.com
Figure 1 Attaching SATA cabling
l
l
l
l
Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation. Barracuda drives support latching SATA connectors.
3.4
Drive mounting
You can mount the drive in any orientation using four screws in the side-mounting holes or four screws in the
bottom-mounting holes. See Figure 2 for drive mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting
precautions when mounting the drive:
• Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 inches (0.76mm) around the entire perimeter of the drive for cooling.
• Use only 6-32 UNC mounting screws.
• The screws should be inserted no more than 0.150 inch (3.81mm) into the bottom or side mounting holes.
• Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 6 inch-lb).
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Configuring and Mounting the Drive
Figure 2 Mounting dimensions (500, 320 and 250 models)
Recommended
case temperature
measurement location
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
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Configuring and Mounting the Drive
26
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Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
4.0 Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA
programmed input/output (PIO) modes 0 to 4; multiword DMA modes 0 to 2, and Ultra DMA modes 0 to 6.
For detailed information about the Serial ATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT
Attachment” specification.
4.1
Hot-Plug compatibility
Barracuda drives incorporate connectors which enable you to hot plug these drives in accordance with the Serial
ATA Revision 2.5 specification. This specification can be downloaded from www.serialata.org.
4.2
Serial ATA device plug connector pin definitions
Table 5 summarizes the signals on the Serial ATA interface and power connectors.
Table 5 Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Segment
Pin
Function
Definition
S1
Ground
2nd mate
S2
A+
S3
A-
S4
Ground
S5
B-
S6
B+
S7
Ground
Differential signal pair A from Phy
2nd mate
Differential signal pair B from Phy
Signal
2nd mate
Key and spacing separate signal and power segments
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Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
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Table 5 Serial ATA connector pin definitions
Segment
Power
Pin
Function
Definition
P1
V33
3.3V power
P2
V33
3.3V power
P3
V33
3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P4
Ground
1st mate
P5
Ground
2nd mate
P6
Ground
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V power
P9
V5
5V power
P10
Ground
2nd mate
P11
Ground or LED signal If grounded, drive does not use deferred spin
P12
Ground
1st mate.
P13
V12
12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate
P14
V12
12V power
P15
V12
12V power
Notes
1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (0.050”) pitch.
2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this
case, the mating sequences are:
• the ground pins P4 and P12.
• the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins.
• the signal pins and the rest of the power pins.
3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when installed
in a blind-mate backplane configuration.
• All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated.
4.3
Supported ATA commands
The following table lists Serial ATA standard commands that the drive supports.
For a detailed description of the ATA commands, refer to the Serial ATA International Organization:
Serial ATA Revision 2.6 (http://www.sata-io.org).
See “S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 36 for details and subcommands used in the S.M.A.R.T. implementation.
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Check Power Mode
E5H
Device Configuration Freeze Lock
B1H / C1H
Device Configuration Identify
B1H / C2H
Device Configuration Restore
B1H / C0H
Device Configuration Set
B1H / C3H
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Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
Command name
Command code (in hex)
Device Reset
08H
Download Microcode
92H
Execute Device Diagnostics
90H
Flush Cache
E7H
Flush Cache Extended
EAH
Format Track
50H
Identify Device
ECH
Idle
E3H
Idle Immediate
E1H
Initialize Device Parameters
91H
Read Buffer
E4H
Read DMA
C8H
Read DMA Extended
25H
Read DMA Without Retries
C9H
Read Log Ext
2FH
Read Multiple
C4H
Read Multiple Extended
29H
Read Native Max Address
F8H
Read Native Max Address Extended
27H
Read Sectors
20H
Read Sectors Extended
24H
Read Sectors Without Retries
21H
Read Verify Sectors
40H
Read Verify Sectors Extended
42H
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries
41H
Recalibrate
10H
Security Disable Password
F6H
Security Erase Prepare
F3H
Security Erase Unit
F4H
Security Freeze
F5H
Security Set Password
F1H
Security Unlock
F2H
Seek
70H
Set Features
EFH
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Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
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Command name
Command code (in hex)
Set Max Address
F9H
Note: Individual Set Max Address
commands are identified by the
value placed in the Set Max
Features register as defined to the
right.
Address:
Password:
Lock:
Unlock:
Freeze Lock:
Set Max Address Extended
37H
Set Multiple Mode
C6H
Sleep
E6H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
B0H / D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave
B0H / D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
B0H / D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline
B0H / D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds
B0H / D1H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
B0H / D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
B0H / D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
B0H / DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
B0H / D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
B0H / D6H
Standby
E2H
Standby Immediate
E0H
Write Buffer
E8H
Write DMA
CAH
Write DMA Extended
35H
Write DMA FUA Extended
3DH
Write DMA Without Retries
CBH
Write Log Extended
3FH
Write Multiple
C5H
Write Multiple Extended
39H
Write Multiple FUA Extended
CEH
Write Sectors
30H
Write Sectors Without Retries
31H
Write Sectors Extended
34H
Write Uncorrectable
45H
30
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
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Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
4.3.1 Identify Device command
The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following
power up. The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown in on page 28. All
reserved bits or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or vary with the state
of the drive.
The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the Serial ATA specification.
Word
Description
Value
0
Configuration information:
• Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI
• Bit 7: removable media
• Bit 6: removable controller
• Bit 0: reserved
0C5AH
1
Number of logical cylinders
16,383
2
ATA-reserved
0000H
3
Number of logical heads
16
4
Retired
0000H
5
Retired
0000H
6
Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63
003FH
7–9
Retired
0000H
10–19
Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none)
ASCII
20
Retired
0000H
21
Retired
0400H
22
Obsolete
0000H
23–26
Firmware revision
(8 ASCII character string, padded with blanks to end
of string)
x.xx
27–46
Drive model number:
(40 ASCII characters, padded with blanks to end of
string)
47
(Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read
multiple and Write multiple (16)
8010H
48
Reserved
0000H
49
Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may
be disabled
2F00H
50
ATA-reserved
0000H
51
PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode
0200H
52
Retired
0200H
53
Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid
0007H
54
Number of current logical cylinders
xxxxH
55
Number of current logical heads
xxxxH
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
31
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
www.seagate.com
Word
Description
Value
56
Number of current logical sectors per logical track
xxxxH
57–58
Current capacity in sectors
xxxxH
59
Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple
or Write Multiple command
xxxxH
60–61
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors
available
(see Section 2.2 for related information)
*Note: The maximum value allowed in this field is:
0FFFFFFFh (268,435,455 sectors, 137GB). Drives
with capacities over 137GB will have 0FFFFFFFh in
this field and the actual number of user-addressable
LBAs specified in words 100-103. This is required for
drives that support the 48-bit addressing feature.
0FFFFFFFh*
62
Retired
0000H
63
Multiword DMA active and modes supported
(see note following this table)
xx07H
64
Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4
supported)
0003H
65
Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per
word (120 nsec)
0078H
66
Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time
per word
(120 nsec)
0078H
67
Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control
(240 nsec)
00F0H
68
Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120
nsec)
0078H
69–74
ATA-reserved
0000H
75
Queue depth
001FH
76
Serial ATA capabilities
xxxxH
77
Reserved for future Serial ATA definition
xxxxH
78
Serial ATA features supported
xxxxH
79
Serial ATA features enabled
xxxxH
80
Major version number
003EH
81
Minor version number
0028H
82
Command sets supported
364BH
83
Command sets supported
7C03H
84
Command sets support extension
(see note following this table)
4003H See Word 108-111 note.
(4003H = 0100000000000011 binary)
85
Command sets enabled
30xxH
86
Command sets enabled
0001H
32
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
www.seagate.com
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
Word
Description
Value
87
Command sets enable extension
4000H
88
Ultra DMA support and current mode (see note
following this table)
xx3FH
89
Security erase time
0000H
90
Enhanced security erase time
0000H
92
Master password revision code
FFFEH
93
Hardware reset value
xxxxH
95–99
ATA-reserved
0000H
100–103
Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors
available (see Section 2.2 for related information).
These words are required for drives that support the
48-bit addressing feature. Maximum value:
0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh.
ST500DM002 = 1,953,525,168
ST320DM000 = 1,465,149,168
ST250DM000 = 976,773,168
104–107
ATA-reserved
0000H
108–111
The mandatory value of the world wide name (WWN)
for the drive. NOTE: This field is valid if word 84, bit 8
is set to 1 indicating 64-bit WWN support.
Each drive will have a unique value.
112–127
ATA-reserved
0000H
128
Security status
0001H
129–159
Seagate-reserved
xxxxH
160–254
ATA-reserved
0000H
255
Integrity word
xxA5H
Note
Advanced Power Management (APM) and Automatic Acoustic Management (AAM) features
are not supported.
Note
See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 84, and 88 of the Identify Drive data.
Description (if bit is set to 1)
Bit
Word 63
0
Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported.
8
Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active.
Bit
Word 84
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
33
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
34
www.seagate.com
0
SMART error login is supported.
1
SMART self-test is supported.
2
Media serial number is supported.
3
Media Card Pass Through Command feature set is supported.
4
Streaming feature set is supported.
5
GPL feature set is supported.
6
WRITE DMA FUA EXT and WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT commands are supported.
7
WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT command is supported.
8
64-bit World Wide Name is supported.
9-10
Obsolete.
11-12
Reserved for TLC.
13
IDLE IMMEDIATE command with IUNLOAD feature is supported.
14
Shall be set to 1.
15
Shall be cleared to 0.
Bit
Word 88
0
Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported.
1
Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported.
2
Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported.
3
Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported.
4
Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported.
5
Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported.
6
Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported.
8
Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active.
9
Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active.
10
Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active.
11
Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active.
12
Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active.
13
Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active.
14
Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
www.seagate.com
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
4.3.2 Set Features command
This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives
this command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If
the value in the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted. Power-on
default has the read look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the Features
register are defined as follows:
02H
Enable write cache (default).
03H
Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register).
Sector Count register values:
00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2).
01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2).
08H PIO mode 0
09H PIO mode 1
0AH PIO mode 2
0BH PIO mode 3
0CH PIO mode 4 (default)
20H Multiword DMA mode 0
21H Multiword DMA mode 1
22H Multiword DMA mode 2
40H Ultra DMA mode 0
41H Ultra DMA mode 1
42H Ultra DMA mode 2
43H Ultra DMA mode 3
44H Ultra DMA mode 4
45H Ultra DMA mode 5
46H Ultra DMA mode 6
10H
Enable use of SATA features
55H
Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature.
82H
Disable write cache
90H
Disable use of SATA features
AAH
Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default).
F1H
Report full capacity available
Note
At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as
indicated above.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
35
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
www.seagate.com
4.3.3 S.M.A.R.T. commands
S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disk drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors
predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines that a
failure is likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable. S.M.A.R.T.
predictability is limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T. commands and
implementation, see the Draft ATA-5 Standard.
SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4H) that eliminates
unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at:
http://seatools.seagate.com.
This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. You must have a recent BIOS or software package that
supports S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the drive
uses.
Code in features register
S.M.A.R.T. command
D0H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data
D2H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
D3H
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values
D4H
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST)
D5H
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector
D6H
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector
D8H
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations
D9H
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations
DAH
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status
Note
36
If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the command is aborted and
0x 04 (abort) is written to the Error register.
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
www.seagate.com
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
37
Serial ATA (SATA) Interface
38
www.seagate.com
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Index
A
ACA 20
acceleration 18
acoustics 18
Active 16
Active mode 16
Agency certification 20
altitude 17
Ambient temperature 17
ambient temperature 14, 15
Annualized Failure Rate 20
Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 19
areal density 14
ATA commands 28
Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ
CISPR22 20
Australian Communication Authority (ACA) 20
Australian C-Tick 20
Average latency 14
Average seek time 14
B
buffer 14
C
cables and connectors 23
cache 14
capacity 13
case temperature 17
CE mark 20
certification 20
Check Power Mode 28
China RoHS directive 21
compatibility 20
Conducted noise 16
Conducted RF immunity 19
Configuring the drive 23
connectors 23
Corrosive environment 22
CSA60950-1 20
cycles 19
Cylinders 13
D
data-transfer rates 9
DC power 15
Default logical geometry 13
density 14
Device Configuration Freeze Lock 28
Device Configuration Identify 28
Device Configuration Restore 28
Device Configuration Set 28
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
Device Reset 29
dimensions 25
dissipation 15
Download Microcode 29
duty cycle 19
E
Electrical fast transient 19
Electromagnetic compatibility 20
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 20
Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation 20
Electromagnetic
Compatibility
Directive
(2004/108/EC) 20
Electromagnetic immunity 19
Electrostatic discharge 19
electrostatic discharge (ESD) 23
EN 55022, Class B 20
EN 55024 20
EN60950 20
enclosures 20
Environmental specifications 17
error-correction algorithms 9
errors 19
ESD 23
EU 20
EU RoHS directive 21
European Union (EU) requirements 20
Execute Device Diagnostics 29
F
FCC verification 20
features 9
Flush Cache 29
Flush Cache Extended 29
Format Track 29
Formatted capacity 13
G
geometry 13
Gs 18
guaranteed sectors 13
H
Handling precautions 23
heads 13
height 14
humidity 17
I
I/O data-transfer rate 14
I/O duty cycle 19
Identify Device 29
Identify Device command 31
39
Idle 16, 29
Idle Immediate 29
Idle mode 15, 16
Information Technology Equipment (ITE) 20
Initialize Device Parameters 29
Input noise ripple 16
input voltage 15
interface 14, 27
interference 20
internal data-transfer rate OD 14
is 14
ISO document 7779 18
ITE 20
K
KCC 20
Korean Communications Commission 20
Korean RRL 20
L
latency 14
LBA mode 13
length 14
logical geometry 13
M
maintenance 19
master/slave 9
mounting 24
mounting screws 17
mounting the drive 23
N
noise 16
nominal power 14
Nonoperating shock 17
Nonoperating vibration 18
Nonrecoverable read errors 19
O
operating 15
Operating power 15
Operating shock 17
Operating vibration 18
P
Physical characteristics 14
point-to-point 9, 23
Power consumption 15
power dissipation 15
Power modes 16
Power specifications 15
Power-management modes 16
Power-on to Ready 15
power-on-hours 19
40
precautions 23
printed circuit board 23
programmable power management 16
prominent discrete tone 18
Q
quick reference 11
R
Radiated RF immunity 19
radio and television interference 20
radio frequency (RF) 19
random seeks 15
Read Buffer 29
Read DMA 29
Read DMA Extended 29
Read DMA without Retries 29
read errors 19
Read Log Ext 29
Read Multiple 29
Read Multiple Extended 29
Read Native Max Address 29
Read Native Max Address Extended 29
Read Sectors 29
Read Sectors Extended 29
Read Sectors Without Retries 29
Read Verify Sectors 29
Read Verify Sectors Extended 29
Read Verify Sectors Without Retries 29
Read/write heads 13
Read/write power 15
Recalibrate 29
recording density 14
recording method 14
Recording technology 14
relative humidity 17
Reliability 19
RF 19
RMS read/write current 16
RoHS 21
RRL 20
S
S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations 30
S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations 30
S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave 30
S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline 30
S.M.A.R.T. implementation 28
S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds 30
S.M.A.R.T. Read Data 30
S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector 30
S.M.A.R.T. Return Status 30
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values 30
S.M.A.R.T. Write Log sector 30
Safety certification 20
SATA 27
screws 17
sectors 13
Sectors per track 13
Security Disable Password 29
Security Erase Prepare 29
Security Erase Unit 29
Security Freeze 29
Security Set Password 29
Security Unlock 29
See “S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 34 28
Seek 29
Seek time 14
Serial ATA (SATA) interface 27
serial ATA ports 9
servo electronics 15
Set Features 29
Set Max Address 30
Set Max Address Extended 30
Set Multiple Mode 30
Shock 17
single-track seeks 14
Sleep 15, 16, 30
Sleep mode 16
sound 18
Specification summary table 11
spindle speed 14
Spinup 15
Spinup power 15
Standby 15, 16, 30
Standby Immediate 30
Standby mode 15, 16
standby timer 16
Standby to Ready 15
Start/stop times 15
start-stop cycles 19
static-discharge 23
subassembly 20
support services 37
Surge immunity 19
T
technical support services 37
temperature 14, 17
temperature gradient 17
timer 16
timers 16
Barracuda SATA Product Manual, Rev. A
track density 14
Track-to-track 14
Track-to-track seek time 14
U
UL60950-1 20
V
Vibration 18
voltage 15
Voltage dips, interrupts 19
Voltage tolerance 16
W
weight 14
wet bulb temperature 17
width 14
Write Buffer 30
Write DMA 30
Write DMA Extended 30
Write DMA FUA Extended 30
Write DMA Without Retries 30
Write Log Extended 30
Write Multiple 30
Write Multiple Extended 30
Write Multiple FUA Extended 30
Write Sectors 30
Write Sectors Extended 30
Write Sectors Without Retries 30
41
Seagate Technology LLC
AMERICAS
Seagate Technology LLC 10200 South De Anza Boulevard, Cupertino, California 95014, United States, 408-658-1000
ASIA/PACIFIC
Seagate Singapore International Headquarters Pte. Ltd. 7000 Ang Mo Kio Avenue 5, Singapore 569877, 65-6485-3888
EUROPE, MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA Seagate Technology SAS 16-18 rue du Dôme, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France, 33 1-4186 10 00
Publication Number: 100672652, Rev. A
July 2011
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