ax-sigfox - Electrocomponents

ax-sigfox - Electrocomponents
DATASHEET
AX-SIGFOX
Ultra-Low Power, AT Command
Controlled, Sigfox Compliant
Transceiver IC for Up-Link and
Down-Link
Revision 2
2
Table of Contents
1.
Overview .................................................................................................................. 4
1.1. Circuit description ....................................................................................................... 4
1.2. Features .................................................................................................................... 4
1.3. Applications ............................................................................................................... 5
2.
Block Diagram .......................................................................................................... 6
3.
Pin Function Descriptions ......................................................................................... 7
3.1. Pinout Drawing ........................................................................................................... 9
4.
Specifications ......................................................................................................... 10
4.1. Absolute Maximum Ratings ......................................................................................... 10
4.2. DC Characteristics ..................................................................................................... 11
Supplies .................................................................................................................... 11
Typical Current Waveform ........................................................................................... 12
Battery Life Examples ................................................................................................. 13
Logic ........................................................................................................................ 14
4.3. AC Characteristics ...................................................................................................... 14
TCXO Reference Input ................................................................................................ 14
Transmitter ............................................................................................................... 15
Receiver.................................................................................................................... 16
ADC / Temperature Sensor .......................................................................................... 16
5.
Command Interface ............................................................................................... 17
5.1. Serial Parameters: 9600,8,N,1 .................................................................................... 17
5.2. Power Modes ............................................................................................................. 17
Standby .................................................................................................................... 17
Sleep ........................................................................................................................ 17
Deep Sleep................................................................................................................ 17
5.3. AT Commands ........................................................................................................... 18
Numerical Syntax ....................................................................................................... 18
Command Syntax....................................................................................................... 18
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Table of Contents
Return Codes ............................................................................................................. 18
Examples .................................................................................................................. 18
Commands ................................................................................................................ 19
Registers................................................................................................................... 24
6.
Application Information ......................................................................................... 25
6.1. Typical Application Diagrams ....................................................................................... 25
Typical Sigfox Application Diagram ............................................................................... 25
7.
QFN40 Package Information .................................................................................. 26
7.1. Package Outline QFN40 5x7mm ................................................................................... 26
7.2. QFN40 Soldering Profile .............................................................................................. 27
7.3. QFN40 Recommended Pad Layout ................................................................................ 28
7.4. Assembly Process ...................................................................................................... 28
Stencil Design & Solder Paste Application ...................................................................... 28
8.
Device Versions ...................................................................................................... 30
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AX-SIGFOX/D
3
4
Table of Contents
(1V or 10V range) or single ended
(1V range) with 10 bit resolution
1. Overview
o
1.1. Circuit description
2 GPIO pins with selectable sigma
delta DAC output functionality
o
2 GPIO pins with selectable output
clock
AX-Sigfox is an ultra-low power single
o
3 GPIO pins selectable as SPI
master interface
o
Integrated RX/TX switching with
differential antenna pins
chip solution for a node on the Sigfox
network with both up- and down-link
functionality. The AX-Sigfox chip is
delivered fully ready for operation and
contains all the necessary firmware to
transmit and receive data from the
Sigfox network in Europe. It connects to
the customer product using a logic level
RS232 UART. AT commands are used to
send frames and
configure radio
parameters.
Power Consumption
Features
1.2.
Ultra-low power consumption:
•
o
Charge required to send a Sigfox
OOB packet at 14dBm output
power: 0.28 C
o
Deepsleep mode current: 100 nA
o
Sleep mode current: 1.3 μA
o
Standby mode current: 0.5 mA
o
Continuous radio RX-mode at
869.525 MHz : 10 mA
o
Continuous radio TX-mode at
868.130 MHz
19 mA @ 0 dBm
49 mA @ 14 dBm
Functionality and Ecosystem
Sigfox up-link and down-link
functionality controlled by AT
commands
•
The AX-Sigfox IC is part of a whole
development and product ecosystem
available from AXSEM for any Sigfox
requirement. Other parts of the
ecosystem include
•
o
Sigfox Ready certified reference
design for the AX-Sigfox IC
o
PIOX by AXSEM Sigfox modules
with SMA connector or chip
antenna
Receiver
•
Ready to go AX-Sigfox development
kit with fully functional AX-Sigfox
module including Sigfox
subscription
o
o
High performance narrow-band
Sigfox RF transceiver
o
Carrier frequency 869.525 MHz
o
Data-rate 600 bps
o
o
0 dBm maximum input power
Transmitter
•
AX-Sigfox-API IC for customers
wishing to write their own
application software based on the
AXSEM Sigfox Library
Sensitivity
-126 dBm @ 600bps, 869.525MHz, GFSK
o
Carrier frequency 868.13 MHz
o
Data-rate 100 bps
o
High efficiency, high linearity
integrated power amplifier
o
Maximum output power 14 dBm
o
Power level programmable in 1dBm
steps
General Features
QFN40 4mm x 5mm package
•
•
Supply range 1.8V - 3.6V
•
-40°C to 85°C
•
Temperature sensor
•
Supply voltage measurements
•
10 GPIO pins
o
4 GPIO pins with selectable voltage
measure functionality, differential
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Overview
1.3. Applications
Sigfox networks up-link and down-link.
Sigfox and Sigfox Ready are registered trademarks of Sigfox SARL.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
5
Block Diagram
2.
Block Diagram
AX-Sigfox
CLKP
CLKN
ANTP
ANTN
TCXO
interface
RF synthesis
Receive
RX/TX
switch and
antenna
interface
UARTRX
UARTTX
Communication
controller
Transmit
UART
DAC
GPIO[9:0]
GPIO
CPU
ADC
RADIO_LED
CPU_LED
TX_LED
dedicated
status
outputs
RX_LED
power mode control
RAM
Program
memory
(FLASH)
RESET_N
VTCXO
VDD_ANA
GND
Sigfox
application
VDD_IO
6
Figure 1 Functional block diagram of the AX-Sigfox
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Pin Function Descriptions
3.
Pin Function Descriptions
Symbol
Pin(s)
VDD_ANA
1
GND
ANTP
Type
Description
P
Analog power output, decouple to neighboring GND
2
P
Ground, decouple to neighboring VDD_ANA
3
A
Differential antenna input/output
ANTN
4
A
Differential antenna input/output
NC
5
N
Do not connect
GND
6
P
Ground, decouple to neighboring VDD_ANA
VDD_ANA
7
P
Analog power output, decouple to neighboring GND
GND
8
P
Ground
FILT
9
A
Synthesizer filter
NC
10
A
Must be connected to pin 11
NC
11
A
Must be connected to pin 10
NC
12
N
Do not connect
GPIO8
13
I/O/PU
General purpose IO
GPIO7
14
I/O/PU
General purpose IO, selectable SPI functionality (MISO)
GPIO6
15
I/O/PU
General purpose IO, selectable SPI functionality (MOSI)
GPIO5
16
I/O/PU
General purpose IO, selectable SPI functionality (SCK)
GPIO4
17
I/O/PU
General purpose IO, selectable Σ∆ DAC functionality,
selectable clock functionality
CPU_LED
18
O
CPU activity indicator
RADIO_LED
19
O
Radio activity indicator
VTCXO
20
O
TCXO power
GPIO9
21
I/O/PU
UARTTX
22
O
UARTRX
23
I/PU
RX_LED
24
O
TX_LED
25
O
Transmit activity indicator
NC
26
PD
Do not connect
RESET_N
27
I/PU
General purpose IO, wakeup from deep sleep
UART transmit
UART receive
Receive activity indicator
Optional reset pin
Internal pull-up resistor is permanently enabled,
nevertheless it is recommended to connect this pin to
VDD_IO if it is not used.
GND
28
P
Ground
VDD_IO
29
P
Unregulated power supply
GPIO0
30
I/O/A/PU
General purpose IO, selectable ADC functionality,
selectable Σ∆ DAC functionality, selectable clock
functionality
GPIO1
31
I/O/A/PU
General purpose IO, selectable ADC functionality
GPIO2
32
I/O/A/PU
General purpose IO, selectable ADC functionality
NC
33
N
Do not connect
NC
34
N
Do not connect
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AX-SIGFOX/D
7
8
Pin Function Descriptions
Symbol
Pin(s)
Type
Description
GPIO3
35
I/O/A/PU
VDD_IO
36
P
Unregulated power supply
NC
37
N
Connect to Ground
NC
38
N
Connect to Ground
CLKN
39
A
TCXO interface
CLKP
40
A
TCXO interface
GND
Center pad
P
Ground on center pad of QFN, must be connected
A =
I =
O =
PU =
General purpose IO, selectable ADC functionality
analog signal
digital input signal
digital output signal
pull-up
I/O
N
P
PD
=
=
=
=
digital input/output signal
not to be connected
power or ground
pull-down
All digital inputs are Schmitt trigger inputs, digital input and output levels are LVCMOS/LVTTL
compatible. Pins GPIO[3:0] must not be driven above VDD_IO, all other digital inputs are 5V
tolerant. All GPIO pins and UARTRX start up as input with pull-up.
Pin
Possible GPIO modes
GPIO0
0,1,Z,U,A,T
GPIO1
0,1,Z,U,A
GPIO2
0,1,Z,U,A
GPIO3
0,1,Z,U,A
GPIO4
0,1,Z,U,T
GPIO5
0,1,Z,U
GPIO0
0,1,Z,U
GPIO1
0,1,Z,U
GPIO2
0,1,Z,U
GPIO3
0,1,Z,U
0
1
Z
U
A
T
=
=
=
=
=
=
pin drives
not to be connected
pin is high impedance input
pin is input with pull-up
pin is analog input
pin is driven by clock or DAC
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Pin Function Descriptions
CLK16P
CLK16N
NC
NC
VDD_IO
GPIO3
NC
NC
GPIO2
GPIO1
GPIO0
VDD_IO
3.1. Pinout Drawing
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
VDD_ANA
1
28
GND
GND
2
27
RESET_N
ANTP
3
26
NC
ANTN
4
25
TXLED
NC
5
24
RXLED
GND
6
23
UARTRX
VDD_ANA
7
22
UARTTX
GND
8
21
GPIO9
16
17
18
19
20
TX_LED
VTCXO
NC
15
CPU_LED
NC
14
GPIO4
NC
13
GPIO5
12
GPIO6
11
GPIO7
10
GPIO8
9
NC
AX-Sigfox
QFN40
Figure 2 Pinout drawing (Top view)
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AX-SIGFOX/D
9
10
Specifications
4.
Specifications
4.1. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to
the device.
This is a stress rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions
above those listed in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
VDD_IO
Supply voltage
CONDITION
MIN
MAX
UNIT
-0.5
5.5
V
IDD
Supply current
200
mA
Ptot
Total power consumption
800
mW
Pi
Absolute maximum input
power at receiver input
10
dBm
II1
DC current into any pin
except ANTP, ANTN
-10
10
mA
II2
DC current into pins ANTP,
ANTN
-100
100
mA
40
mA
ANTP and ANTN pins
in RX mode
IO
Output Current
Via
Input voltage ANTP, ANTN
pins
-0.5
5.5
V
Input voltage digital pins
-0.5
5.5
V
-2000
2000
V
Ves
Electrostatic handling
HBM
Tamb
Operating temperature
-40
85
°C
Tstg
Storage temperature
-65
150
°C
Tj
Junction Temperature
150
°C
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Specifications
4.2.
DC Characteristics
Supplies
SYM
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
Conditions for all current and energy values unless otherwise specified are for the hardware configuration described in the AX-Sigfox Application Note:
Sigfox Compliant Reference Design.
TAMB
Operational ambient temperature
-40
27
85
°C
VDDIO
I/O and voltage regulator supply
voltage
1.8
3.0
3.6
V
VDDIO_R1
I/O voltage ramp for reset activation;
Note 1
Ramp starts at VDD_IO≤0.1V
0.1
V/ms
VDDIO_R2
I/O voltage ramp for reset activation;
Note 1
Ramp starts at 0.1V<VDD_IO<0.7V
3.3
V/ms
IDS
Deep sleep mode current
AT$P=2
100
nA
ISLP
Sleep mode current
AT$P=1
1.3
μA
ISTDBY
Standby mode current
0.5
mA
10
mA
IRX_CONT
Current consumption continuous RX
AT$SR=1,1,-1
QSFX_OOB_0
Energy to send a Sigfox out of band
message, 0dBm
AT$S0
0.12
C
QSFX_BIT_0
Energy to send a bit, 0dBm
AT$SB=0
0.08
C
QSFX_BITDL_0
Energy to send a bit with downlink
receive, 0dBm
AT$SB=0,1
0.14
C
QSFX_LFR_0
Energy to send the longest possible
Sigfox frame (12 byte) , 0dBm
AT$SF=00112233445566778899aabb
0.27
C
QSFX_LFRDL_0
Energy to send the longest possible
Sigfox frame (12 byte) with downlink
receive, 0dBm
AT$SF=00112233445566778899aabb,1
0.27
C
QSFX_OOB_14
Energy to send a Sigfox out of band
message, 14dBm
AT$S0
0.28
C
QSFX_BIT_14
Energy to send a bit, 14dBm
AT$SB=0
0.20
C
QSFX_BITDL_14
Energy to send a bit with downlink
receive, 14dBm
AT$SB=0,1
0.35
C
QSFX_LFR_14
Energy to send the longest possible
Sigfox frame (12 byte) , 14dBm
AT$SF=00112233445566778899aabb
0.39
C
QSFX_LFRDL_14
Energy to send the longest possible
Sigfox frame (12 byte) with downlink
receive, 14dBm
AT$SF=00112233445566778899aabb,1
0.46
C
ITXMOD0AVG
Modulated Transmitter Current,
Notes 3, 4
Pout=0 dBm; average
19.0
mA
ITXMOD14AVG
Modulated Transmitter Current,
Notes 3, 4
Pout=14 dBm; average
49.0
mA
Notes :
1.
2.
3.
4.
If VDD_IO ramps cannot be guaranteed, an external reset circuit is recommended, see the AX8052 Application Note: Power On Reset
Digital circuitry is functional down to typically 1 V.
The output power of the AX-Sigfox can be programmed in 1 dB steps from 0 dBm – 14 dBm. Current consumption values are given for a
matching network that is optimized for 14 dBm output. 0 dBm transmission with typically 10 mA can be achieved with other networks
that are optimized for 0 dBm operation.
Values in dBm are typical, the matching network is optimized for 14 dBm
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AX-SIGFOX/D
11
12
Specifications
Typical Current Waveform
Figure 3 Typical current waveform for a maximum length frame with downlink receive at 14 dBm
output power
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Specifications
Battery Life Examples
Scenario 1:
•
CR2032 coin cell battery
•
One OOB frame transmitter per day at Pout=0 dBm
•
Device in Sleep
•
Neglecting battery self discharge
CR2032 capacity
225 mAh * 3600 s/h
810 C
Sleep charge per day
1.3 μA * 86400s
0.11 C/day
OOB frame transmission
0.12 C/day
Total Charge consumption
0.23 C/day
Battery life
9.6 Years
Scenario 2:
•
2 AAA Alkaline batteries in series
•
One OOB frame transmitter per day at Pout=14 dBm
•
Four maximum length frames with downlink receive per day at Pout=14 dBm
•
Device in Sleep
•
Neglecting battery self discharge
2 AAA alkaline capacity
1500 mAh * 3600 s/h
5400 C
Sleep charge per day
1.3 μA * 86400s
0.11 C/day
OOB frame transmission
Frame transmission with downlink
0.28 C/day
4 * 0.46 C/day
1.84 C/day
Total Charge consumption
2.26 C/day
Battery life
6.5 Years
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AX-SIGFOX/D
13
14
Specifications
Logic
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
DIGITAL INPUTS
VT+
Schmitt trigger low to high
threshold point
VT-
Schmitt trigger high to low
threshold point
VIL
Input voltage, low
VIH
Input voltage, high
2.0
VIPA
Input voltage range, GPIO[3:0]
-0.5
VDD_IO
V
VIPBC
Input voltage range, GPIO[9:4],
UARTRX
-0.5
5.5
V
IL
Input leakage current
-10
10
μA
RPU
Programmable Pull-Up
Resistance
VDD_IO = 3.3V
1.55
V
1.25
V
0.8
V
V
kΩ
65
DIGITAL OUTPUTS
IOH
Output Current, high
Ports GPIO[9:0], UARTTX,
TXLED, RXLED, TXLED, CPULED
VOH= 2.4V
8
mA
IOL
Output Current, low
GPIO[9:0], UARTTX, TXLED,
RXLED, TXLED, CPULED
VOL= 0.4V
8
mA
IOZ
Tri-state output leakage current
-10
10
μA
4.3. AC Characteristics
TCXO Reference Input
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
A passive network between the TCXO
output and the pins CLKP and CLKN is
required.
fTCXO
TCXO frequency
For detailed TCXO network
recommendations depending on the
TCXO output swing refer to the
AX5043 Application Note: Use with a
TCXO Reference Clock.
48
MHz
For TCXO recommendations see the
Ax-Sigfox Application Note: Sigfox
Compliant Reference Design
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Specifications
Transmitter
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
Conditions for transmitter specifications unless otherwise specified with the antenna network from AX-Sigfox Application Note: Sigfox Compliant
Reference Design and at 868.130 MHz.
SBR
Signal bit rate
PTXmin
Lowest Transmitter output
power
AT$CW=868130000,1,0
PTXmax
Highest Transmitter output
power
AT$CW=868130000,1,14
PTXstep
Programming step size output
power
dTXtemp
Transmitter power variation
vs. temperature
dTXVdd
Transmitter power variation
vs. VDD_IO
PTXharm2
Emission @ 2nd harmonic
PTXharm3
PTXharm4
rd
Emission @ 3
100
bps
0
dBm
14
1
dB
-40 °C to +85 °C
+/- 0.5
dB
1.8 to 3.6 V
+/- 0.5
dB
-51
harmonic
-63
Emission @ 4 harmonic
-84
th
dBc
Figure 4 Typical spectrum with harmonics at 14 dBm output power
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AX-SIGFOX/D
15
16
Specifications
Receiver
SYM
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
Conditions for transmitter specifications unless otherwise specified with the antenna network from AX-Sigfox Application Note: Sigfox Compliant
Reference Design and at 869.525 MHz.
SBR
Signal bit rate
AT$SB=x,1, AT$SF=x,1, AT$SR
ISBER868
BLK868
PER < 0.1
Blocking at +/- 10MHz offset
Channel/Blocker @ PER = 0.1, wanted
signal level is +3 dB above the typical
sensitivity, the blocker signal is CW
600
bps
-126
dBm
78
dB
ADC / Temperature Sensor
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
ADCRES
ADC resolution
VADCREF
ADC reference voltage
ZADC00
Input capacitance
DNL
Differential nonlinearity
+/- 1
LSB
INL
Integral non inearity
+/- 1
LSB
OFF
Offset
3
LSB
GAIN_ERR
Gain error
0.8
%
10
0.95
1
UNIT
Bits
1.05
V
2.5
pF
ADC in Differential Mode
VABS_DIFF
Absolute voltages & common mode
voltage in differential mode at each
input
VFS_DIFF01
Full swing input for differential
signals
VFS_DIFF10
Gain x1
Gain x10
0
VDD_IO
V
-500
500
mV
-50
50
mV
ADC in Single Ended Mode
VMID_SE
Mid code input voltage in single
ended mode
VIN_SE00
Input voltage in single ended mode
VFS_SE01
Full swing input for single ended
signals
0.5
Gain x1
V
0
VDD_IO
V
0
1
V
Temperature Sensor
TRNG
Temperature range
AT$T?
-40
85
°C
TERR_CAL
Temperature error
AT$T?
-2
+2
°C
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Command Interface
5.
Command Interface
5.1. Serial Parameters: 9600,8,N,1
The AX-Sigfox uses the UART (pins UARTTX, UARTRX) to communicate with a host and uses a
bitrate of 9600 baud, no parity, 8 data bits and one stop bit.
5.2. Power Modes
Standby
After Power-Up and after finishing a SIGFOX transmission, AX-Sigfox enters Standby mode. In
Standby mode, AX-Sigfox listens on the UART for commands from the host. Also, OOB frames are
transmitted whenever the OOB timer fires. To conserve power, the AX-Sigfox can be put into
Sleep or turned off (Deep Sleep) completely.
Sleep
The command AT$P=1 is used to put the AX-Sigfox into Sleep mode. In this mode, only the
wakeup timer for out-of-band messages is still running. To wake the AX-Sigfox up from Sleep
mode toggle the serial UARTRX pin, e.g. by sending a break (break is an RS232 framing violation,
i.e. at least 10 bit durations low). When an Out of Band (OOB) message is due, AX-Sigfox
automatically wakes up to transmit the message, and then returns to Sleep mode.
Deep Sleep
In Deep Sleep mode, the AX-Sigfox is completely turned off and only draws negligible leakage
current. Deep Sleep mode can be activated with AT$P=2. To wake-up from Deep Sleep mode,
GPIO9 is pulled to GND.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
17
18
Command Interface
When using Deep Sleep mode, keep two things in mind:
Everything is turned off, timers are not running at all and all settings will be lost (use AT$WR to
save settings to flash before entering Deep Sleep mode). Out-of-band messages will therefore not
be sent. The pins states are frozen in Deep Sleep mode. The user must ensure that this will not
result in condition which would draw a lot of current.
5.3. AT Commands
Numerical Syntax
hexdigit
hexnum
decnum
octnum
binnum
bit
optnum
frame
uint
uint_opt
::=
::=
::=
::=
::=
::=
::=
::=
::=
::=
[0-9A-Fa-f]
“0x” hexdigit+
“0” | [1-9] [0-9]*
“0” [0-7]+
“0b” [01]+
[01]
“-1”
(hexdigit hexdigit)+
hexnum | decnum | octnum | binnum
uint | optnum
Command Syntax
A command starts with ‘AT’ (everything is case sensitive!), continues with the actual command
followed by parameters (if any) and ends with any kind of whitespace (space, tab, newline etc.)
If incorrect syntax is detected (“parsing error”) all input is ignored up until the next whitespace
character.
Also note that any number can be entered in any format (Hexadecimal, Decimal, Octal and binary)
by adding the corresponding prefix (‘0x’, ‘0’, ‘0b’). The only exception is the 'Send Frame'
command (AT$SF) which expects a list of hexadecimal digits without any prefix.
Return Codes
A successful command execution is indicated by sending ‘OK’. If a command returns a value (e.g.
by querying a register) only the value is returned.
Examples
Bold text is sent to AX-Sigfox.
AT$I=0
AXSEM AT Command Interface
Here, we execute command ‘I’ to query some general information.
AT$SF=aabb1234
OK
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Command Interface
This sends a Sigfox frame containing { 0x00 : 0x11 : 0x22 : 0x33 : 0x44 }, then waits for a
downlink response telegram, which in this example contains { 0xAA : 0xBB : 0xCC : 0xDD }.
AT$SF=0011223344,1
OK
RX=AA BB CC DD
This sends a Sigfox frame containing { 0xAA : 0xBB : 0x12 : 0x34 } without waiting for a response
telegram.
AT$CB=0xAA,1
OK
The ‘CB’ command sends out a continuous pattern of bits, in this case 0xAA = 0b10101010.
AT$P=1
OK
This transitions the device into sleep mode. Out-of-band transmissions will still be triggered. The
UART is powered down. The device can be woken up by a low level on the UART signal, i.e. by
sending break.
Commands
Command
Name
Description
AT
Dummy command
Just returns 'OK' and does nothing else. Can be used to check
communication.
AT$SB=bit[,bit]
Send bit
Send a bit status (0 or 1). Optional bit flag indicates if AX-Sigfox
should receive a downlink frame.
AT$SF=frame[,bit]
Send frame
Send payload data, 1 to 12 bytes. Optional bit flag indicates if AXSigfox should receive a downlink frame.
AT$SO
Manually send out
of band message
Send the out-of-band message.
ATSuint?
Get register
Query a specific configuration register’s value.
See Chapter “Registers” for a list of registers.
ATSuint=uint
Set register
Change a configuration register.
AT$IF=uint
Set TX frequency
Set the output carrier macro channel for Sigfox frames.
AT$IF?
Get TX frequency
Get the currently chosen TX frequency.
AT$DR=uint
Set RX frequency
Set the reception carrier macro channel for Sigfox frames.
AT$DR?
Get RX frequency
Get the currently chosen RX frequency.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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Command Interface
Command
Name
Description
AT$CW=
Continuous wave
To run emission tests for Sigfox certification it is necessary to send
a continuous wave, i.e. just the base frequency without any
modulation.
uint,bit
[,uint_opt]
Parameters:
AT$CB=
Test mode:
uint_opt,bit
TX constant byte
Name
Range
Description
Default
frequency
800000000 –
999999999, 0
Continuous wave
frequency in Hz. Use
868130000 for Sigfox
or 0 to keep previous
frequency.
mode
0, 1
Enable or disable
carrier wave.
power
0-14
dBm of signal
14
For emission testing it is useful to send a specific bit pattern. The
first parameter specifies the byte to send. Use ‘-1’ for a (pseudo-)
random pattern.
Parameters:
Name
Range
Description
pattern
0-255, -1
Byte to send. Use ‘-1’
for a (pseudo-)
random pattern
Default
mode
0, 1
Enable or disable
pattern test mode.
AT$T?
Get temperature
Measure internal temperature and return it in 1/10th of a degree
Celsius.
AT$V?
Get voltages
Return current voltage and voltage measured during the last
transmission in mV.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Command Interface
Command
Name
Description
AT$I=uint
Information
Display various product information:
0:
Software Name & Version
Example Response: AX-Sigfox 1.0.6-ETSI
1:
Contact Details
Example Response: [email protected]
2:
Silicon revision lower byte
Example Response: 8F
3:
Silicon revision upper byte
Example Response: 00
4:
Major Firmware Version
Example Response: 1
5:
Minor Firmware Version
Example Response: 0
6:
Firmware Revision
Example Response: 3
7:
Firmware Variant (Frequency Band etc. (EU/US))
Example Response: ETSI
8:
Firmware VCS Version
Example Response: v1.0.2-36
9:
SIGFOX Library Version
Example Response: DL0-1.4
10: Device ID
Example Response: 00012345
11: PAC
Example Response: 0123456789ABCDEF
AT$P=uint
Set power mode
To conserve power, the AX-Sigfox can be put to sleep manually.
Depending on power mode, you will be responsible for waking up
the AX-Sigfox again!
0: software reset (settings will be reset to values in flash)
1: sleep (send a break to wake up)
2: deep sleep (toggle GPIO9 or RESET_N pin to wake up; the AXSigfox is not running and all settings will be reset!)
AT$WR
Save config
Write all settings to flash (RX/TX frequencies, registers) so that
they survive reset/deep sleep or loss of power.
Use AT$P=0 to reset the AX-Sigfox and load settings from flash.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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22
Command Interface
Command
Name
Description
AT:Pn?
Get GPIO pin
Return the setting of the GPIO pin n; n can range from 0 to 9. A
character string is returned describing the mode of the pin,
followed by the actual value. If the pin is configured as analog pin,
then the voltage (range 0...1 V) is returned. The mode characters
have the following meaning:
Mode
Description
0
Pin drives low
1
Pin drives high
Z
Pin is high impedance input
U
Pin is input with pull-up
A
Pin is analog input (GPIO pin 0...3 only)
T
Pin is driven by clock or DAC (GPIO pin 0 and 4
only)
The default mode after exiting reset is U on all GPIO pins.
AT:Pn=?
Get GPIO pin
range
Print a list of possible modes for a pin. The table below lists the
response.
Pin
Modes
P0
0,1,Z,U,A,T
P1
0,1,Z,U,A
P2
0,1,Z,U,A
P3
0,1,Z,U,A
P4
0,1,Z,U,T
P5
0,1,Z,U
P6
0,1,Z,U
P7
0,1,Z,U
P8
0,1,Z,U
P9
0,1,Z,U
AT:Pn=mode
Set GPIO pin
Set the GPIO pin mode.
For a list of the modes see the command AT:Pn?
AT:ADC Pn[-Pn[
(1V|10V)]]?
Get GPIO pin
analog voltage
Measure the voltage applied to a GPIO pin. The command also
allows measurement of the voltage difference across two GPIO
pins. In differential mode, the full scale range may also be
specified as 1 V or 10 V. Note however that the pin input voltages
must not exceed the range 0..VDD_IO. The command returns the
result as fraction of the full scale range (1V if none is specified).
The GPIO pins referenced should be initialized to analog mode
before issuing this command.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Command Interface
Command
Name
Description
AT:SPI[(A|B|C|D)]
=bytes
SPI transaction
This command clocks out bytes on the SPI port. The clock
frequency is 312.5kHz. The command returns the bytes read on
MISO during output. Optionally the clocking mode may be
specified (default is A):
Mode
Clock Inversion
Clock Phase
A
normal
normal
B
normal
alternate
C
inverted
normal
D
inverted
alternate
Note that SEL, if needed, is not generated by this command, and
must instead be driven using standard GPIO commands
(AT:Pn=0|1).
AT:CLK=freq,
reffreq
Set clock
generator
Output a square wave on the pin(s) set to T mode. The frequency
of the square wave is
freq
× reffreq . Possible values for reffreq
216
are 20000000, 10000000, 5000000, 2500000, 1250000, 625000,
312500, 156250. Possible values if ffreq are 0…65535.
AT:CLK=OFF
Turn off clock
generator
Switch off the clock generator.
AT:CLK?
Get clock
generator
Return the settings of the clock generator. Two numbers are
returned, freq and reffreq.
AT:DAC=value
Set Σ∆ DAC
Output a Σ∆ DAC value on the pin(s) set to T mode. Parameter
value may be in the range –32768..32767. The average output
voltage is
1 value
( + 17 ) × VDD .
2
2
An external low pass filter is needed to get smooth output
voltages. The modulation frequency is 20 MHz. A possible low pass
filter choice is a simple RC low pass filter with R=10kΩ and C=1μF
AT:DAC=OFF
Turn off Σ∆ DAC
Switch off the DAC.
AT:DAC?
Get Σ∆ DAC
Return the DAC value.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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24
Command Interface
Registers
Number
Name
Description
Default
Range
Unit
300
Out of band
period
AX-Sigfox sends periodic
static messages to indicate
that they are alive. Set to
0 to disable.
24
0-24
hours
302
Power level
The output power of the
radio.
14
0-14
dBm
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AX-SIGFOX/D
Application Information
6.
Application Information
6.1. Typical Application Diagrams
Typical Sigfox Application Diagram
Figure 5 Typical application diagram
For detailed application configuration and BOM see the AX-Sigfox Application Note: Sigfox
Compliant Reference Design.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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26
QFN40 Package Information
7.
QFN40 Package Information
7.1. Package Outline QFN40 5x7mm
Notes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
‘e’ represents the basic terminal pitch
Datum ‘C’ is the mounting surface with which the package is in contact.
‘3’ specifies the vertical shift of the flat part of each terminal from the mounting surface.
Dimension ‘A’ includes package warpage.
Dimension ‘b’ applies to the metallised terminal and is measured between 0.15 to 0.30 mm from the terminal tip. If the terminal
has the optional radius on the other end of the terminal, the dimension ‘b’ should not be measured in the radius are
Package dimension take reference from JEDEC MO-220
RoHS
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AX-SIGFOX/D
QFN40 Package Information
7.2. QFN40 Soldering Profile
Preheat
Reflow
tp
Tp
Temperature
Cooling
T
tL
L
TsMAX
TsMIN
ts
25°C
t25° to Peak
Time
Profile Feature
Pb-Free Process
Average Ramp-Up Rate
3 °C/sec max.
Preheat Preheat
Temperature Min
TsMIN
150°C
Temperature Max
TsMAX
200°C
Time (TsMIN to TsMAX)
ts
60 – 180 sec
Time 25°C to Peak Temperature
T25 ° to Peak
8 min max.
Liquidus Temperature
TL
217°C
Time over Liquidus Temperature
tL
60 – 150 sec
Peak Temperature
tp
260°C
Time within 5°C of actual Peak
Temperature
Tp
20 – 40 sec
Reflow Phase
Cooling Phase
Ramp-down rate
6°C/sec max.
Notes:
All temperatures refer to the top side of the package, measured on the package body surface.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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QFN40 Package Information
7.3. QFN40 Recommended Pad Layout
1.
PCB land and solder masking recommendations are shown in Figure 6.
A=
Clearance from PCB thermal pad to solder mask opening,
0.0635 mm minimum
B = Clearance from edge of PCB thermal pad to PCB land, 0.2
mm minimum
C = Clearance from PCB land edge to solder mask opening to be
as tight as possible to ensure that some solder mask remains
between PCB pads
D = PCB land length = QFN solder pad length + 0.1mm
E = PCB land width = QFN solder pad width + 0.1 mm
Figure 6 PCB land and solder mask recommendations
2.
3.
Thermal vias should be used on the PCB thermal pad (middle ground pad) to improve thermal
conductivity from the device to a copper ground plane area on the reverse side of the printed
circuit board. The number of vias depends on the package thermal requirements, as
determined by thermal simulation or actual testing.
Increasing the number of vias through the printed circuit board will improve the thermal
conductivity to the reverse side ground plane and external heat sink. In general, adding more
metal through the PC board under the IC will improve operational heat transfer, but will
require careful attention to uniform heating of the board during assembly.
7.4. Assembly Process
Stencil Design & Solder Paste Application
1.
Stainless steel stencils are recommended for solder paste application.
2.
A stencil thickness of 0.125 – 0.150 mm (5 – 6 mils) is recommended for screening.
3.
For the PCB thermal pad, solder paste should be printed on the PCB by designing a stencil
with an array of smaller openings that sum to 50% of the QFN exposed pad area. Solder
paste should be applied through an array of squares (or circles) as shown in Figure 7.
4.
The aperture opening for the signal pads should be between 50-80% of the QFN pad area as
shown in Figure 8.
5.
Optionally, for better solder paste release, the aperture walls should be trapezoidal and the
corners rounded.
6.
The fine pitch of the IC leads requires accurate alignment of the stencil and the printed circuit
board. The stencil and printed circuit assembly should be aligned to within + 1 mil prior to
application of the solder paste.
7.
No-clean flux is recommended since flux from underneath the thermal pad will be difficult to
clean if water-soluble flux is used.
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AX-SIGFOX/D
QFN40 Package Information
Figure 7 Solder paste application on exposed pad
Minimum
50% coverage
62% coverage
Maximum
80% coverage
Figure 8 Solder paste application on pins
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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30
Device Versions
8.
Device Versions
Version
Device Marking
AT$I=0
AT$I=2
AT$I=3
1
AX-Sigfox-1
or
AX8052F143-2
AX-Sigfox 1.0.6-ETSI
0x8F
0x51
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AX-SIGFOX/D
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