5nine Manager - 5nine Software
5nine Manager
Datacenter
Version 1.0
Getting Started Guide
April 2017
Contents
Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 2
Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 2
System Architecture .................................................................................................................... 2
Plugins .............................................................................................................................................. 3
Deployment and Configuration........................................................................................... 4
System requirements .................................................................................................................. 4
5nine Manager Datacenter Server ......................................................................... 4
5nine Manager Datacenter Console ...................................................................... 4
5nine Manager Datacenter Host Agent ................................................................. 5
Licensing .......................................................................................................................................... 6
Installation ...................................................................................................................................... 7
Management Server Setup ...................................................................................... 7
Console setup ......................................................................................................... 12
Host Agent setup .................................................................................................... 15
Login to Console ........................................................................................................................ 15
Adding Hyper-V Servers .......................................................................................................... 16
Manage users, tenants and roles ......................................................................................... 19
Tenants ..................................................................................................................... 19
Users......................................................................................................................... 22
Roles ......................................................................................................................... 23
Configuring Storage.................................................................................................................. 25
Local Storage........................................................................................................... 26
Network Share ......................................................................................................... 27
Cluster Shared Volume .......................................................................................... 27
User Interface.................................................................................................................... 29
Hyper-V Management ....................................................................................................... 30
Host settings ................................................................................................................................ 30
Replication section .................................................................................................................... 31
Configuring Virtual Switches ................................................................................................. 31
Operations with VMs ................................................................................................................ 33
Customize VM List View ......................................................................................... 33
Create VM ................................................................................................................ 34
Edit VM settings ...................................................................................................... 43
Standard Operations .............................................................................................. 43
Adding and removing VM to/from cluster ............................................................ 44
Import VM................................................................................................................. 44
Export VM................................................................................................................. 46
Clone VM ................................................................................................................. 47
Shared Nothing VM Migration ............................................................................... 47
Live and quick VM migration ................................................................................. 50
Guest Console Connection .................................................................................... 50
Hyper-V Replication .................................................................................................................. 51
Prerequisites ............................................................................................................. 52
Host Replication Settings .......................................................................................... 52
Start VM Replication ................................................................................................. 54
Hyper-V Monitoring .......................................................................................................... 57
Host Monitoring ......................................................................................................................... 57
VM Monitoring............................................................................................................................ 58
Alerts and Alert Settings .......................................................................................................... 60
Hyper-V Backup and DR .................................................................................................... 62
Backup ............................................................................................................................................ 63
Restore ........................................................................................................................................... 67
Retention ....................................................................................................................................... 70
SDN Management ............................................................................................................. 72
Uninstalling 5nine Manager .............................................................................................. 74
Document Revisions ............................................................................................................ 2
Introduction
Summary
5nine Manager Datacenter is a solution designed to help organizations efficiently manage
Microsoft Hyper-V private and hybrid clouds. It provides multi-tenancy and role based access
control providing fine-grained control over virtualization hosts, networking and other resources to
create and deploy Hyper-V virtual machines. The product has the following features:
•
Easy-to-use and intuitive design for new or experienced Hyper-V admins.
•
Hyper-V management in different Windows Server versions - 2016 / 2012 R2 / 2012 - from
a single console.
•
Centralized monitoring for Hyper-V hosts and all virtualized resources.
•
Software defined network management and deployment.
•
Backup and DR capabilities for virtual machines.
System Architecture
5nine Manager Datacenter is a modular solution that lets you build a scalable infrastructure for
environments of different sizes and configuration. The installation package of 5nine Manager
Datacenter includes a set of components:
•
Management Server – Windows service that coordinates all operations performed by
5nine Manager Datacenter.
•
Management Database – is used by management server to store data about the Hyper-V
infrastructure, jobs, users and so on. The database instance can be located on a SQL
Server installed either locally (on the same machine where the management server is
running) or remotely.
•
Management Console – provides the application user interface and allows user access to
all features.
•
Host Agent – responsible for performing all commands from management server on a
Hyper-V host. This component must be installed on every Hyper-V server managed by
5nine Manager Datacenter.
•
RabbitMQ –open source message broker software that implements the Advanced
Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP). The RabbitMQ server is written in the Erlang
programming language and is built on the Open Telecom Platform framework for
clustering and failover.
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You can co-install all components on the same machine, physical or virtual, or you can set them
up separately for a more scalable approach. Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) is
used as a message-oriented middleware for the communication between management server
and host agents. HTTPS protocol is used for the communication between console and
management server
Figure 1 - 5nine Manager Datacenter Architecture
Plugins
System consists of the following plugins.
•
Hyper-V Management.
•
Hyper-V Monitoring.
•
Administration.
•
Hyper-V Backup and DR.
•
Software defined network (SDN) management.
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Deployment and Configuration
System requirements
5nine Manager Datacenter Server
Component
Requirement
Hardware
CPU: modern x64 processor 4 cores minimum
Memory: 8 GB RAM minimum, 16 GB RAM recommended
Hard Disk Space: 300 MB for product installation and sufficient disk space
for Microsoft SQL Server and 5nine Manager database
OS
Software
Database
Only 64-bit versions of the following operating systems are supported:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2016
•
Microsoft Windows 10
•
Microsoft Windows 8.1
•
Microsoft Windows 8
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6.2 or later
•
Microsoft Visual С++ 2015 Redistributable Update 3
Microsoft SQL Server (Full and Express):
•
Microsoft SQL Server 2016
•
Microsoft SQL Server 2014
•
Microsoft SQL Server 2012
For production deployment of 5nine Manager Datacenter Server, it is
recommended to use Microsoft SQL Server Standard Edition or higher.
Ports
5671 for Rabbit MQ communication – can be changed during setup
16080 for communication to Management Console
Internet
Internet connection is necessary for license activation
5nine Manager Datacenter Console
Component
Requirement
Hardware
CPU: modern x64 processor 2 cores minimum.
Memory: 2 GB RAM recommended.
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Component
Requirement
Hard Disk Space: 200 MB for product installation
OS
Software
Ports
Only 64-bit versions of the following operating systems are supported:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2016
•
Microsoft Windows 10
•
Microsoft Windows 8.1
•
Microsoft Windows 8
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft Windows 7 SP1
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2
•
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6.2 or later
•
Microsoft Visual С++ 2015 Redistributable Update 3
16080 – communication to Management Server
5nine Manager Datacenter Host Agent
Component
Requirement
Hardware
CPU: modern x64 processor 4 cores minimum
Memory: 8 GB RAM minimum, 16 GB RAM recommended
Hard Disk Space: 300 MB for product installation
OS
Software
Ports
Only 64-bit versions of the following operating systems are supported:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2016
•
Microsoft Windows 10
•
Microsoft Windows 8.1
•
Microsoft Windows 8
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6.2 or later
•
Microsoft Visual С++ 2015 Redistributable Update 3
5671 for Rabbit MQ communication – can be changed during setup
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Licensing
5nine Manager Datacenter is licensed per-core only. Minimal license set for a hyper-V host is 16 cores.
5nine offers the following types of licenses for 5nine Manager Datacenter:
•
“Paid subscription license” –a full license that expires at the end of the subscription term.
The subscription license term is normally 1-3 years from the date of license issue.
•
“Trial license” – a full license that can be used for product evaluation. The trial license is
valid for 30 days from the moment of product download and contains 100 core limit.
•
“NFR license” — a full license that can be used for product demonstration, training and
education. The person to whom the license is provided agrees that the license is not for
resell or commercial use.
License file is requested during Management server installation. Then information about the license is
available in About tab, available in every plugin.
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Installation
To install 5nine Manager Datacenter, run the 5nine.Installer.exe application from the downloaded
5nine Manager Datacenter archive.
All 3 components can be installed from this bootstrap setup but it must be run locally on each
machine.
It is not necessary to install Host Agent component from bootstrap setup. It can be installed
automatically from 5nine Manager console when adding servers.
Management Server Setup
To run Management Server Setup select the first component in the bootstrap setup list and press
Install button. The following window will be shown. Press Next.
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The 5nine Software End User License Agreement will appear. Read and accept it, then press
Next:
Select the license.txt file obtained from 5nine and press Next:
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Select the plugins you want to use and press Next.
Select the destination folder for 5nine Manager and press Next:
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Provide user credentials for the user that will run Management Service and press Next.
Select database server and set authentication method:
• Windows Authentication –can be selected if the user has been granted the necessary
permissions on the selected SQL Server;
•
SQL authentication – use specific SQL Server account (sa) that is set during SQL Server
setup and enter its password.
Press Next.
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Specify RabbitMQ configuration parameters and press Next.
Provide administrator’s credentials to connect to management console.
The default user is admin with a default password of admin for the administrator’s user/password.
It is strongly recommended that alternate credentials be set.
Press Next.
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Press Install to start installation.
Console setup
To run Console Setup select the second component in the bootstrap setup list and press Install
button. The following window will be shown. Press Next.
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The 5nine Software End User License Agreement will appear. Read and accept it, then press
Next:
Select the plugins you want to use and press Next.
Select the destination folder for 5nine Manager Datacenter and set the following program
options (select or deselect depending on your preferences):
Automatically run 5nine Manager when system starts;
•
Launch application after installation;
•
Create shortcut in program menu;
•
Create shortcut on desktop.
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Press Next:
Select the install button to install the management console.
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Host Agent setup
The host agent is installed automatically on a Hyper-V server when it is added to the objects tree
in management console. If there are any specific conditions or issues, you can also install it
manually by selecting the third option in 5nine Manager Datacenter bootstrap setup.
The following dialog will appear.
Provide the same RabbitMQ configuration parameters that were used in Management server
setup and credentials to start agent service and press OK.
Login to Console
After management console is started, you need to enter credentials.
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On the first console start you need to enter credentials that you entered upon management
server setup.
Adding Hyper-V Servers
To start managing your virtual infrastructure, you must configure connections to Microsoft HyperV virtual management servers. You can connect the following types of servers:
•
Standalone Hyper-V host;
•
Hyper-V cluster.
For the initial launch the object tree will be empty. Adding new servers is implemented via Add
Servers wizard. If no servers are added Add Servers wizard will start automatically when console
starts with administrator’s privileges. To start wizard press Add Servers button in the toolbar.
After Add Servers wizard start you need specify credentials for discovery.
Then select discovery types and provide discovery data.
New servers can be added in 3 ways:
•
Manually typing the addresses of servers separated by commas. You may use host name,
FQDN or IP address.
•
Active Directory – to search for available hosts or clusters using AD discovery.
•
IP Range – to search for available hosts or clusters using IP discovery.
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AD and IP discovery can take quite significant time depending on your AD and network structure
and performance. Once the discovery process completes, you will get the full list of servers that
can be managed by 5nine Manager Datacenter. Only those servers that match system
requirements are selected automatically.
Any inconsistency is shown in the list by icons.
Select servers that you need to manage and press Next.
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Host agents will be installed automatically on the servers that you selected on the previous step.
When agents are installed servers will appear in the console objects tree automatically.
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Manage users, tenants and roles
5nine Manager Datacenter supports multi-tenant environments when users can have granular
permissions and roles to access Hyper-V infrastructure. It is a very convenient instrument for
enterprise and service provider organizations. For example, a tenant can represent a department
in a big company or a corporate client for a service provider.
To use role based access control capabilities (RBAC) or features you will need to set tenants,
users and roles as a part of system configuration process.
Credentials for system administrator are set in management console setup.
Tenants, users and roles can be set in Administration plugin under these credentials.
Tenants
To create a tenant go to Tenants tab and press Create tenant button and start Tenant wizard.
Define tenant name and description. Tenant is created enabled by default. If you do not need
that tenant users can access system uncheck the Enabled checkbox.
Define tenant administrators. They can be selected from the existing users list or a new one can
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be created.
Associate objects with tenant. An object can be associated with single tenant only. Tenant
administrators have full access to all objects belonging to a tenant.
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Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a tenant.
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Users
To create a user go to Users tab, press Create user button and start User wizard.
Define user type and set credentials. User is created enabled by default. If you do not need that
user can access system uncheck the Enabled checkbox.
Define user resources and roles. By default there are 3 roles in the system: Full Access, ReadOnly and Basic. But you can define your own roles. Tenant user can have access only to the
objects that are associated with the tenant.
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Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a new user.
Roles
Roles as usually combine granular permissions into the named groups for user convenience.
To create a role go to Roles tab, press Create role button and define role name and description.
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After that select role and press Edit button to define a set of permissions for the role.
There is a set of granular permissions for every object type.
•
Cluster.
•
Host.
•
Virtual machine.
•
Host.
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Configuring Storage
Storage is an internal 5nine Manager Datacenter entity necessary to support access limitation to
virtual machine resources.
Storage can be added via Create Storage wizard.
Define storage name and description.
5nine Manager supports 3 types of storages:
•
“Local” – specific for a host. Typically used for simple scenarios where virtual disks are
placed directly on local machine.
•
“Network share” – can be used by multiple hosts. This type of storage allows to store
virtual disks in a CIFS/SMB file server share.
•
“Cluster Shared Volume” – allows all cluster nodes work with the same storage.
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Depending on a storage type selected next steps will differ.
Local Storage
For local storage select Hyper-V host where storage will be placed.
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Network Share
For network storage define the list of hosts that can have access to this storage.
Cluster Shared Volume
For CSV select a cluster from the list.
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Provide path to the storage in UNC format.
After storage is created you can navigate through the storage contents.
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User Interface
The user interface of 5nine Manager Datacenter is designed to let you quickly find commands that you
need and perform necessary Hyper-V Management and other tasks.
There are the following main parts of user interface:
•
Navigation pane.
•
Navigation pane consists of 2 parts: objects tree and plugin selector. You need to select
necessary plugin and then work with the tree to select an object.
•
Ribbons and tabs
•
Operation commands are organized into logical groups and collected under tabs on the
ribbon. The ribbon is displayed at the top of the main application window. Commands for
operations with items are also available in the context menu.
•
Data area.
•
Data area usually shows text or graphical information about object selected in the objects
tree.
•
Status bar.
•
Status bar shows management server status, user name under which console is started
and general information about the jobs. To see the Jobs dialog with the detailed jobs
information press Jobs link in the status bar.
•
The list of jobs can be filtered out and you can stop, delete or view details for a selected
job. Job details contains PowerShell script which implementation is similar to job
command.
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Hyper-V Management
Host settings
To access host settings select a host in the objects tree and press Host settings button in the
toolbar.
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You can define default storage for machines and disks, NUMA Spanning and enhanced session
mode policy. These settings can be applied to multiple hosts on Apply to other hosts step.
Replication section
Configuring Virtual Switches
Virtual switch management is implemented in the Virtual Switches tab. You can create, edit and
delete virtual switches for all managed Hyper-V hosts.
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To create a new virtual switch select a host in the tree and press Create VMSwitch button in the
toolbar.
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Define name and description and select its type:
•
External. In this type of virtual switch, one of the physical NICs installed on the host is
used to connect the VMs to the network.
•
Internal. In this type of virtual switch, neither of the physical NICs of the host is supposed
to be used for VMs that will be using this connection.
•
Private. In this type of virtual switch, neither of the physical NICs of the host is supposed
to be used for VMs that will be using this connection, nor the VLANs could be set for it.
VLAN traffic identification can be set for external and internal switches.
Press Finish to create virtual switch.
Operations with VMs
Customize VM List View
The following options are available to configure the view of the Hyper-V Management tab and
displaying virtual machines:
•
Search by name;
•
Sorting by column;
•
Group by column;
•
Choose columns to show;
•
Autoarrange (best fit);
•
Filter.
To customize view press left mouse button at the column heading.
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Create VM
To create a VM select Hyper-V host and press Create VM button in the toolbar.
Specify VM identity.
Define basic virtual CPU parameters.
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If necessary define NUMA parameters.
Specify amount of memory and dynamic memory options.
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Add virtual disks to a VM.
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If necessary provide QoS options disks.
Define network configuration for this VM.
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If necessary enable hardware acceleration options.
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Define advanced network parameters.
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Add fibre channel adapter if applicable.
Specify OS installation options and automatic actions if necessary.
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Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a VM.
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You can check VM creation status and log in the Jobs dialog window.
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Edit VM settings
To edit VM settings select a VM and press Settings button in the toolbar.
Standard Operations
5nine Manager Datacenter supports standard operations with virtual machines (via toolbar or
context menu commands).
•
Start.
•
•
•
Turn off.
Shut down.
Save.
•
•
Pause/Resume.
Reset.
•
Operations with checkpoints: Create, Delete, Apply, Revert, Rename.
To view VM checkpoints select a VCM in the objects tree and switch to Checkpoints tab.
•
Rename.
•
Delete.
•
Connect via guest console.
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Prior to using VM guest console you need to set appropriate credentials for Hyper-V host in
the objects tree. Then to view VM guest console select a VM in the objects tree and switch to
Guest Console tab.
Adding and removing VM to/from cluster
To remove a clustered VM from cluster, select the cluster in the 5nine Manager Datacenter object
tree, and then select the VM that you need to remove from cluster and right click on it. Select the
Remove from Cluster command.
If you want to add a non-clustered VM to a cluster, select the Add to Cluster command. Make
sure you have moved the VM configuration to the CSV prior to adding it to a cluster.
Import VM
To import VM select host and press the Import VM button on main panel menu. The Import VM
wizard will be opened.
Select storage and define path in this storage that contains VM data.
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Select the VM data to import.
Select import type.
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If the 2nd or 3rd option were selected at the previous step, provide destination options for a VM.
Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to start Import.
Export VM
To export VM select it and press the Export VM button in the toolbar. The Export VM dialog will be
opened.
Define storage and folder where you want the VM to be imported and press OK.
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Clone VM
To clone VM select it and press the Clone VM button in the toolbar. The Clone VM dialog will be
opened.
Provide number of clones, clone name patterns and storage parameters and press OK.
Shared Nothing VM Migration
This operation allows moving VM with/without its storage or a VM storage only to another Hyper-V
host. This operation is available in both clustered and non-clustered environments.
To move VM select it and press the Move VM button in the toolbar. The Move VM wizard will be
opened.
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You can move the virtual machine or move just the virtual machine’s storage here.
Select destination host.
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Specify move options.
Select physical network that will be used for the operation.
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Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to move a
VM/storage.
Live and quick VM migration
These operations apply to clustered VMs. To move the VM between nodes that joined into a
cluster, first select the cluster in the 5nine Manager Datacenter object tree, and then select the
VM that you need to move to another node and click the Move button in the toolbar.
•
Select either “Best possible node” so that the system will choose it
automatically or select the exact node you would like the VM to be moved
to.
•
Select migration type:
 Quick Migration. With this option, a virtual machine will be migrated to
another node as quickly as possible, but it will be switched to the
saved state during the operation. That means access to this virtual
machine will be temporarily lost until it returns to the running state on
the new node. This operation is applicable to virtual machines in any
state – active (running), paused, saved or off.
 Live Migration. With this option, a virtual machine will be migrated
without switching to the saved state and losing the access. This
operation is applicable to virtual machines that are in active (running)
state only.
Press OK to start migration.
Guest Console Connection
If management console is on the same network as management server and Hyper-V hosts then
you need only set access credentials for every hosts in the objects tree.
Select a host and press Set credentials button in the toolbar.
But if console is run remotely and access to management service is implemented via Internet you
need to install and configure Remote Desktop Gateway and set its address pressing RDG
settings button in the toolbar.
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If everything is configured select a VM and press Connect button in the toolbar. Guest OS
connection will be shown in Guest Console tab for a selected VM.
Hyper-V Replication
Hyper-V Replica allows virtual machines running at a primary site to be efficiently replicated to
secondary location (Replica site) across a WAN link. Primary and Replica server must be Microsoft
Hyper-V 2012 as a minimum.
When replication is underway, changes in the primary virtual machines are transmitted over the
network periodically to the Replica virtual machines. The exact frequency varies depending on
how long a replication cycle takes to finish (depending in turn on the network throughput, among
other things), but generally, replication data is sent to the Replica server every 5 minutes in
Windows Server 2012. In Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2016, you can configure the
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replication frequency, so that the changes are sent every 30 seconds, every 5 minutes, or every
15 minutes.
You can also access recovery points up to 24 hours old (previously, recovery points up to 15
hours old were available).
If the primary server should fail unexpectedly, perhaps as a result of a major hardware failure or a
natural disaster, you can bring up the Replica virtual machines to take over the workload—this is
“unplanned failover.” In unplanned failover, there is the possibility of data loss, since there was
no opportunity to copy over changes that might not have been replicated yet.
Prerequisites
To take advantage of the Hyper-V Replica, which is included as part of the Hyper-V server role,
the following pre-requisites must be met:
•
Hardware that supports the Hyper-V Role on Windows Server;
•
Sufficient storage on both the Primary and Replica servers to host the files used by
virtualized workloads;
•
Network connectivity between the locations hosting the Primary and Replica servers;
•
Properly configured firewall rules to permit replication between the Primary and Replica
sites;
•
An X.509v3 certificate to support Mutual Authentication with certificates (if desired or
needed)
To start VM replications, select a VM and press Replicate button in the toolbar.
Host Replication Settings
Replication settings is a part of Host Settings. You need to set replication settings if a Hyper-V
host is supposed to be used as a replica server.
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There are the following settings:
•
Enable this computer as a Replica server – mark this option to set the current Hyper-V
host as a replica server.
•
Authentication parameters:
o
“Use Kerberos (HTTP)” – this authentication option uses Kerberos authentication
protocol via HTTP port 80 (default).
o
“Use certificate-based Authentication (HTTPS)” – this authentication method uses
pre- installed certificate and works via HTTPS port 443 (default). Press the Select
Certificate button to choose pre-installed certificate on the current Hyper-V host:
•
Authorization and storage parameters:
o
“Allow replication from any authenticated server”. Any Hyper-V host that is set as
a replica server in the environment will be allowed to send Replica files. Specify
the default location by typing or browsing to the folder to store Replica files.
o
“Allow replication from the specified servers”. Only specified Hyper-V hosts will be
allowed to send Replica files. Click Add… to add the authorized server to the list:
o
“Default storage for Replica files on the current Hyper-V host”.
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Start VM Replication
VM replication wizard will be shown. Select replica server where you want the VM replicated from
the list and press Next.
Define connection settings. Here you can choose Kerberos or Certificate based authentication (if
it is defined in host replication settings) and enable data compression. Press Next.
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By default, all virtual disks are replicated. If necessary, deselect disks and press Next.
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Define additional replication options:
•
Replication frequency;
•
Recovery points;
•
Schedule resynchronization;
•
Initial replication options.
Press Finish to start VM replication. Once VM is replicated its replication health will be shown in
the Replication Health column in the list of VM and in VM details.
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Hyper-V Monitoring
5nine Manager Datacenter provides basic capabilities for host and VM monitoring.
Host Monitoring
Host monitoring has the following tabs containing information about host performance indicators:
•
Summary.
•
CPU.
•
Memory.
•
Network.
•
Disk.
Summary tab contains VM states diagram, CPU total usage (%), memory consumption (Mb), disk
read/write speed (MB/sec) and network in/out traffic (MB/sec).
CPU, Memory, Network and Disk tabs show more indicators and historical data.
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VM Monitoring
VM monitoring has the following tabs containing information about VM performance indicators:
•
Summary.
•
CPU.
•
Memory.
•
Network.
•
Disk.
Summary tab contains VM CPU total usage (%), memory consumption (Mb), disk read/write speed
(MB/sec) and network in/out traffic (MB/sec).
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Alerts and Alert Settings
Each user can set thresholds for warning and critical alerting on all performance counters. To set
thresholds press Configure Alerts button in monitoring plugin
All values are set to “0” by default, which means the alerts are disabled.
The email server is to be preliminarily defined by system administrator.
Notifications will be sent to an email address specified for user.
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Hyper-V Backup and DR
5nine Manager Datacenter Backup plugin performs the entire VM backup on-demand
immediately, with delay or by schedule.
There are different backup job types:
•
“Full” – always performs the entire VM backup.
•
“Incremental” – performs only first entire VM backup, then saves only changed virtual
disks parts in subsequent backups. Normally, the scheduled jobs are used for incremental
backup that allows additional saving of a storage disk space and ensure safety of data.
To keep track of changing data blocks, 5nine Manager Datacenter Backup uses changed block
tracking technology (CBT) for Hyper-V virtual disks (A)VHD(X).
The CBT is implemented as a file system filter driver to be installed on every Hyper-V host within
5nine Manager Datacenter Agent setup. The CBT driver keeps track of changed data blocks of
virtual disks. Information on data blocks that have changed is registered in special files. When an
incremental job is run, 5nine Manager Datacenter uses these files to understand what blocks of
data have changed since the last run of this incremental job, and copies only changed data
blocks from the disk image.
Hash technology is also available as an alternative option for incremental backup. It is slower
than CBT, but still available as an option as it provides higher reliability in certain circumstances.
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Backup
To create VM backup start backup wizard by pressing Backup button. Specify the name of
backup job, provide job description and press Next.
Select the type of backup, storage and folder where backup files will be placed. For incremental
backup you need to select changed blocks calculation method: by means of CBT driver or hash.
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Define compression and encryption options if necessary.
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Select virtual machines to be placed into backup.
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Specify job schedule.
Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a backup
job.
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Restore
To restore a VM from backup select appropriate backup and start Restore wizard by pressing
Restore button.
Specify job name and decryption key if encryption was used in backup creation.
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Select a host where you need to restore a VM.
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Select VMs you need to restore and path if necessary.
Press Finish to start backup.
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To view all scheduled backups press Scheduler button in the toolbar.
Retention
Retention policy allows you to control the growth of old backup archives and delete them with
selected frequency. This will save disk space in the storage by removing unnecessary old
archives while keeping the actual recent data safe.
To create Retention job press Create Retention button in the toolbar.
Specify retention parameters on the first step:
•
The Retention days option means the archives older than N days will deleted by this job;
•
The Restore points option means the M points back at which full VM encryption had been
done will be kept and the older ones will be deleted.
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Define schedule when retention job is started.
Press finish to start the job.
To view all retention jobs press View retention button in the toolbar.
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SDN Management
Software Defined Networking (SDN) provides a method to centrally configure and manage
physical and virtual network devices such as routers, switches, and gateways in your datacenter.
For Hyper-V hosts and virtual machines (VMs) that run SDN infrastructure servers, such as
Network Controller and Software Load Balancing nodes, you must install Windows Server 2016
Datacenter edition. For Hyper-V hosts that contain only tenant workload VMs that are connected
to SDN-controlled networks, you can run Windows Server 2016 Standard edition.
New in Windows Server 2016, Network Controller provides a centralized, programmable point of
automation to manage, configure, monitor, and troubleshoot both virtual and physical network
infrastructure in your datacenter. Using Network Controller, you can automate the configuration
of network infrastructure instead of performing manual configuration of network devices and
services.
Network Controller is a highly available and scalable server role, and provides one application
programming interface (API) - the Southbound API - that allows Network Controller to
communicate with the network, and a second API - the Northbound API - that allows you to
communicate with Network Controller.
Network controller provides Windows PowerShell and the Representational State Transfer (REST)
API. Microsoft provides management application
5nine Manager Datacenter provides graphical user interface (GUI) to these API’s so that system
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administrator can easily work with SDN objects.
This GUI should provide basic management features for main SDN objects:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Logical networks;
Virtual machine networks;
Logical switches;
Network interfaces;
Virtual switches;
IP address pools.
GUI provides operations for all these objects via PS or REST interfaces of Network Controller. It is
supposed that all deployment operations for Network Controller were done.
Only Network Controller address should be set.
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Uninstalling 5nine Manager
To uninstall 5nine Manager Datacenter, open the Start menu, go to Control Panel > Add or
Remove Programs, choose 5nine Manager Datacenter components you want to uninstall and
click Remove.
Repeat this procedure on every machine where the 5nine Manager Datacenter components are
installed.
5nineManagerDatacenter database and its data is retained until you manually remove the
database or uninstall the SQL Server instance.
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