Best Power Unity I Planning Installation Manual
Planning and Installation Manual
UNITY/I’”
UT31 20, UT31 60, UT3220
Three-Phase Uninterruptible Power Systems
60 Hz
LTM-0356C
copyAght 2000, Best Power. All fights reserved.
HBest
Power
UNINTERRUPTISLE
P O W E R S Y S T E M S
UT3120, ffT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This manual contains important instructions for your UNITY/P UPS.
The installation and use of this product must comply with all national, federal, state, municipal, or
local codes that apply. If you need help, please call BEST’s Technical Support Center at
l-800-356-5737 (U.S.A. or Canada; elsewhere, call your local BEST office).
e WARNING!
UPS units contain hazardous AC and DC voltages. A qualified electrician must install the
UPS, AC line service, and external batteries. The electrician must install AC line according
to local and national codes and must be familiar with batteries and battery installation.
Before installing, maintaining, or servicing the UPS, shut off the UPS and disconnect all
sonrces of AC and DC power.
Whenever AC and/or DC voltage is applied, there will be AC voltage at the UPS output;
this is true because the UPS can supply output power from mains or from its batteries. To
avoid equipment damage or personal injury, always assume that there may be voltage at the
UPS output.
TEST BEFORE TOUCHING!
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, install the UPS and external batteries in a
temperature and humidity controlled indoor area, free of conductive contaminants.
UPS batteries are high current sources. Shorting battery terminals or DC terminal strips can
cause severe arcing, equipment damage and injury. A short circuit can cause a battery to
explode. Always wear protective clothing and eye protection and use insulated tools when
working near batteries.
.-, This unit contains components that are sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD).
\, J If you do not follow proper ESD procedures, you may cause severe damage to
electronic components.
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Table of Contents
L i s t
o f
T a b l e s
a n d
ii
F i g u r e s
100:
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101: UPS Footprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102:Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103: Receiving and Moving the UPS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104: Storing the UPS and Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105: Finding a Location for the UPS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
106: Conduit Connection Kit Installation Instructions
107: Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
......
......
......
......
......
......
......
......
1
2
:3
.5
6
16
.7
.8
200:
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
201: Installing the Maintenance Bypass Cabinet (MBC) and UPS
202: Installing the External Batteries and DC Disconnect (DCD)
......
......
......
9
:9
18
300:
Initial Startup and Phase Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
400:
Clearing the Events Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
500:
ShutdownProcedure...................................
26
600:
S t a r t u p
27
700:
Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
701:GIossaryofTerms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
702:Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
f r o m
M a i n t e n a n c e
B y p a s s
28
28
28
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
List of Tables and Figures
Tables
1
2
3
4
3
:3
.4
.4
ACInput Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Output Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Input/Battery Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figures
Footprint of the UT3120, LJT3160, UT3220 with Conduit Box (Top View).
Front View of the UT3 120, UT3160, UT3220 (Covers Removed) .
U P S
W i r i n g
T e r m i n a t i o n s
UT3 120 - UT3220 Installation Wiring Diagram,
Typical Installation without External Maintenance Bypass Cabinet
UT3 120 - UT3220 Installation Wiring Diagram,
Typical Installation with External Maintenance Bypass Cabinet
External Connection Board
Communication
Interface
Board
(Option)
.
Relay
Board
(Option)
.
2
;1
12
13
. . .
.
14
15
16
17
iTT3120, UT3160, and hiI’
Blaxning and Installation Manual
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An uninterruptible power system (UPS) protects sensitive equipment against unacceptable
disturbances from the mains (AC line) supply. The UNITY/I’” three-phase UPS has the capacity
to serve a wide variety of electrical equipment-from mainframe computers to enterprise-wide
EDP installations to production lines. The UNITY/I three-phase UPS provides true on-line,
single-conversion technology and harmonics isolation.
Only a qualified electrician should install this unit. The planning and installation manual gives
the electrician guidelines for:
a
0
6)
Q
o
installation wiring.
external battery installation.
UPS startup procedures.
phase check for the maintenance bypass cabinet.
UPS shutdown procedures.
If you need assistance, please have the UPS model number and serial number available and call
BEST’s Technical Support Center at l-800-356-5737 (U.S.A. or Canada) or call your local
BEST office.
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
101
UPS Footprint
Figure 1 shows the UPS footprint.
Figure 1: Footprint of the UT3120, UT3160, UT3220 with Conduit Box (Top View)
CONDUIT CONNECTDN BOX
------L-------
_--------__-___CABLE ENTRY
_-------__--__-.
1
1 Inches 1 Millimeters
!+I-*;
1
E
1
3.9
1
100
For service clearance and air flow, allow a minimum of 3 feet
(914 mm) at the front, 3 feet (914 mm) at the top, and 6 inches
(150 mm) at the back of the unit.
Cable entry from bottom only.
Conduit connection box shipped separately.
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
102
Tables 1 - 5 contain specifications for UPS models UT3120 - UT3220.
Table 1: AC IPI~& Specikations
Rated input current - Amps
Mains tolerance % (programmable)
Bypass tolerance % (programmable)
Frequency - Hz
Current distortion % - THD
Recommended overcurrent protection - Amps I.’
UPS module AC input wiring terminations ’
Four bus bars (Ll, L2, L3, N). Up to three wires per
bus bar. Ml2 x 30 hardware provided. Lug required.
Table 2: AC Output Specifications
3 x 48OYl277
3 x 48OY1277
1 x 48OYl277
Rated output current - Amps
144
193
265
Tolerance %
*I
*3
i-5
fl
A3
*5
il
l 3
15
o-3
o-3
o-3
60 *6%
60&O.]%
60 56%
60 i0. I %
60 +6%
60 10. I %
250
I50
250
I50
250
150
150
I25
I50
I25
I50
125
Voltage
- symmetrical load
- asymmetrical load4
- load step 0 - 100%
Distortion % - linear load
_.
Frequency - Hz
mains synchronized
- free running
Overload capacity %, mains operation:
- I minute
- IO minutes
-.
Overload capacity %, battery operation:
- I minute
- IO minutes
~-,
Recommended overcurrent protection - Amps ’
200
+
350
~.
Four bus bars (Ll, L2, L3, N). Up to three wires per
bus bar. Ml2 x 30 hardware provided. Lug required.
--
UPS module AC output wiring
Notes
- ~~+ --
250
for Tables 1 and 2: -1 Far units with external bypass, see Figure 5 in Section 201.
2 For UPS module only (UPS input breaker).
3 Ml2 x 30 hardware is 12 mm (0.47”) in diameter. For detail ofbus bars, see Figure 3 in Section 201.
4 100% imbalance, provided output current rating is not exceeded.
3
UT3120, Ul-3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Table 3: DC Input /Battery Specifications
1
t
UT3120
UT3160
320
425
Nominal DC current - Amps
1 Nominal DC voltage
408
Nominal number of cells
204
rI
: Inverter % efficiency
94
94
- 75% load
93
93
- 50% load
91
91
-25% load
89
90
- 100% load
I
e-~
I
45
55
--+----.-.
+ ~~~ __...
_ ~1
30
Charger
_.~~~ current limit - Amps *
UT3220
580
4
408
;
4
0
8
-~-T -'
204
204
.~~ -A-.-.
461
467 -:
461
Factory-set float charge voltage I
I
I
I
94
94
92
:
;
~I
ppi----a! _
1
Two bus bars (+, -). Up to three wires per bus bar.
Ml2 x 30 hardware provided. Lug required.
UPS module DC wiring terminations ’
Notes for Table 3:
I Adjust the float charge voltage setting per the battery manufacturer’s recommendations.
2 Programmable to lower level.
3 Ml2 x 30 hardware is 12 mm (0.47”) in diameter. For detail of bus bars, see Figure 3 in Section 201.
Table 4: GeneraJSpecifications
I~-Noise attenuation - dB
- differential mode
- common mode ’
-.--~~
UT3120
UT3160
60- 80
40- 80
60-80
40-80
1
I
,
I
Typical heat dissipation - kW (BTU)
~- At full rated load, normal operation
- At full rated load, economy mode
- At 0.8 PF load, normal operation
1 - At 0.8 PF load, economy mode
.I Efficiency %, AC to AC
1 Ambient UPS/battery temp. - “F (“C)
-Ideal UPS/battery temp. - “F (“C)
Air flow - CFM (m’/hr)
~Audible noise, typical - dBa
UPS dimensions, with conduit
connection kit, HxWxD - inches (mm)
I
; UPS weight, with conduit connection
’ kit - Ibs (kg)
Floor loading, UPS with conduit
! connection kit - Ibs per sq. inch (kPa)
S.OO(17065)7~
3.71(12667)
4.00(13652)
2.97(10133)
6.67(22753)
4.95(16889)
5.33(18203)
3.96(13511)
96
97
96
97
95
95
32 - 104 (0 - 40)
32 - 104 (0 - 40)
77(25)
71(25)
1767(3000)
1767(3000)
,,r::
73
73
Notes for Table 4:
I 120 dB with optional isolation transformer.
4
'
I
!
60-80
~
4 0 - 8 0
9.17(31286)
6.80(23222)
7.33 (25029)
5.44(18578)
96
97
9s
i
I
t
1
I
I
1
1
I
32-104(0-40)
---7
77(25)
I
1767(3000)
/
73
)
75x63x31.5
!
(1905x1600x800) ! (1905x 1600x800) /
1905x1600x800)
10.69(73.72)
:
UT3220
I
13.85 (95.51)
5493(2492)
/
i
I
15.75 (108.60) 1
UT3120,UT3160,andUT3220
?Imning ad Bnstaliation Manual
The UPS and related equipment are very heavy. To prevent personal injury or equipment
damage, use extreme care when handling and transporting the UPS cabinet and related
1.
While the UPS system is still on the truck, inspect the equipment and shipping container(s)
for any signs of damage. Do not install the system if damage is apparent. If damage has
occurred, notify BEST as soon as possible.
2.
Compare the shipment with the bill of lading. Report any missing items to the carrier and to
BEST immediately.
3.
Remove the screws on the bottom part of the packaging side plates.
4.
Lift the main package up and off the unit and remove the packing materials from the unit
5.
Check that the label inside the UPS front door corresponds to the system ordered, especially
the input/output voltages.
6.
Unbolt the unit from the pallet.
7.
Remove the unit from the pallet with a fork lift,
8.
Use a fork lift or hand truck to transport the unit to the installation site or storage site. Study
the footprint to decide how you will move the UPS through doorways and into position.
9.
Install the separately shipped conduit connection kit. See the conduit connection kit for
installation instructions, Section 106 contains a summary of these instructions for your
review.
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
104
Storing the UPS and Batteries
You can store the UNITY/l UPS between -4” and 104” F (-20” and 40” C). However, BEST
recommends that the unit and batteries be stored between 59” and 77” F (15” and 25” C). This
temperature range, or cooler, allows batteries to have a longer shelf life. Recharge stored batteries
every 90 to 120 days.
105
Finding a Location for the UPS
Keep these guidelines in mind when you choose the location for the UPS system and the
batteries.
0
Place the UPS in a clean, dust-free environment, free of contaminants. The air must be free
to circulate around the UPS cabinet and any battery cabinets or racks.
0
Avoid placing the unit in direct sunlight or near other heat sources.
l
Make sure that the ambient temperature is 32 o to 104” F (0” to 40” C).
Ideal temperature is 77” F (25” C).
NOTE: At 92” F (33” C), battery life will be about one-half what it would be at a normal
temperature of 77” F (25” C). At 113” F (45” C), battery life will be about onefourth normal.
.
Make sure that the floor can support the weight of the UPS, external batteries, and any other
necessary equipment. See Table 4 for weights and floor loading specifications.
.
The unit can be placed close to walls as long as there is enough clearance for the front doors
to open. Required service clearance is 3 feet (1 meter) at the front and 3 feet (1 meter) at the
top of the unit. If possible, allow a minimum of 3 feet (1 meter) of clearance around the
entire unit for easier servicing.
l
All service access is from the front and top of the unit. All cable entries are accessible from
the bottom of the unit.
0
Do not operate the UPS or batteries in a sealed room or container.
6
UT3120, UT3140, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
---~~~~~~
106
~~
Conduit
Instructions
-...._--@omection
-, _--;e - Kit
- Installation
~-This procedure describes how to install the conduit connection kit for models UT340,
UT360, UT380, and UT3 100. To install the pedestals, you must provide equipment
capable of safely elevating the UPS several inches above the floor. Tools required:
13 mm ratchet or wrench; T20 torx screwdriver; Greenley punch.
Kit Contents:
For pedestals
(3) pedestals
(4) bolts, MS x 100 mm
(4) lock washers, M8
(4) flat washers, MS
(4) nuts. MS
For conduit box
(1) conduit box
(1) conduit box cover
(11) T20 torx screws,
M5x 12mm
(11) lock washers, M5
(11) flat washers, M5
For base covers
(2) side base covers
(2) front/rear base covers
Hook and loop fasteners
Installing the Pedestals:
1. Remove the brackets connected to the legs of the UPS during shipping.
2. Use a lifting device to lift the UPS off the floor. Place the pedestals under the UPS
legs so that the holes on the pedestals will align with the holes on the UPS legs.
N0TE:
There are holes on fhree sides of each leg. Place the pedestals so that
the holes on all sides of the legs are aligned properly.
3. Slowly lower the UPS legs into the pedestals.
4. On the four corner legs of the UPS, insert bolts, with washers and nuts (do not
tighten).
NOTE:
Place the flat washer under the bolt head and the lock washer under the
nut.
5. Set the unit in its desired location.
6. Tighten all of the bolts.
Installing the Conduit Box and Base Covers
1. Punch conduit holes in the back of the conduit box
2. Place the conduit box between the center leg and right leg of the unit, with the
open side facing the front of the unit.
7
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
PIanning and Installation Manual
3. Use four T20 torx screws and washers to fasten the conduit box to the front legs
of the UPS.
NOTE:
Attach hardware in this order: flat washer, lock washer, screw.
4. After all of the wiring to the unit is complete, attach the conduit box cover to the
front of the conduit box.
5. Use the hook and loop fasteners to attach the base covers to the UPS.
107
Technical Support
Best Power is committed to outstanding customer service. Our Technical Support Center is
happy to help you with any problems or answer any questions you may have. A service
technician is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
Please have the UPS model number and serial number available when you call. See the ID
label located inside the front door of the UPS.
Technical Support:
l-800-356-5737 (U.S.A. and Canada) or l-608-565-2100
Technical Support Fax:
l-608-565-2509
Service Fax on Demand:
l-608-565-9499 ext. 9000
World Wide Web Site:
http://www.bestpower.com
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Insulated Tools and other Equipment Needed:
o Torque wrench in inch-pounds or
newton-meters
o Standard U.S. and metric wrenches
@ Petroleum jelly or conductive grease
8) Mallet
@ Volt-Ohm meter (True RMS - Digital)
e Pliers
o Ratchet and Sockets
@ Electrical Tape
0 Standard and Phillips Screwdrivers
h) Torx Head Screwdriver Set
G+ Brush (for applying petroleum jelly or
conductive grease to battery terminals)
e UNITY/I User Manual
0 Phase Rotation Meter
The customer must provide all cabling and interconnection hardware.
201
Installing the Maintenance Bypass Cabinet (MBC) and UPS
IIVIPQRTANT!
If you do not have a BEST maintenance bypass cabinet (MBC), you must provide
overcurrent protection and a UPS input AC disconnect means.
BEST strongly recommends that a means of bypassing the UPS from the critical load be
provided for maintenance.
Follow these guidelines when installing the MBC and UPS:
l
Use the information in Section 105 to find an appropriate location for the UPS. Install the
conduit connection kit per the instructions provided with the conduit connection kit.
0
Install the MBC within sight of the UPS. When installing the MBC, see Figure 5 and any
instructions provided with the MBC.
9
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
l
Install all wiring in accordance with national and local electrical codes. Use 75°C copper
conductors.
l
Install the AC input and UPS output in separate conduits. UPS output cabling shall be
installed in dedicated conduit systems and not shared with other electrical circuits.
l
Control wiring must be installed in separate conduit,
l
Good ground connections are necessary to reduce electrical noise and make the operation of
the UPS and the loads safe. Follow the grounding guidelines in the installation wiring
diagram. Refer to the National Electrical Code @EC), appropriate IEEE documents, and all
applicable codes.
0
For systems with non-linear loads, recommended practice is to size the neutral conductor for
1.732 times the phase current.
l
When installing the AC wiring, refer to Figure 4 or 5 and to any additional diagrams
provided with the UPS. Figures 4 and 5 show typical installations. Your installation may
differ.
0
See Figure 2 for a front view of the UPS with the covers removed. See Figure 3 for a view
of the UPS module wiring terminations. See Figure 6 for information on the external
connection board. See Figure 7 for information on the optional communication interface
board. See Figure 8 for information on the optional relay board.
10
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Figure 2: Front View of UT3120, UT3160, UT3220 (Covers Removed)
CONTROLLER BOARD
ON/OFF SWITCH
PARALLEL BOARD
(OPTIONAL)
INTERFACE BOARD
PSUZ BOARD
PS” BOARD
EXTERNA;$fRtNECTION
.’
.;
RELAY
BOARD
(OPTIONAL)
RFVFUSE BOARDS
_ \
_.
4
v
FUSE BOARD
COMMUNICATION
INTERFACE BOARD
(OPTIONAL)
BATTERY
CONNECTIONS X003
OUTPUT
MAINS X004
L
INPUT
MAINS X001
:
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Figure 3: UPS Wiring Terminations
MAINS
1 2
3 4
Ll L2 L3 N
I
AC OUTPUT X004
1 2
3 4
Ll L2 L3 N,
EIAlTERY X003
1
2-
+
-
INF’UTANDDC
OUTPuTLl,LZ,L3
NOTES: All dimensions are in millimeters.
All holes are 13 mm (0.51”) in diameter.
Ml2 x 30 hardware is provided.
12
r
Figure 4:
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
I
1
UT3120 - UT3220 Installation Wiring Diagram, Typical Installation
Without External Maintenance Bypass Cabinet
Iw”eLI TER
IWTC”
I
I
IL .,_.,_.,_.._,._.._.,_,.~..
UT3120-UT3220
UPS
:+
-e.
G;D
- .,_.. - .._.._.. - .,_.. -..-..--I..*.,.- ,.-..-. ,.-,
I-“-” _,,_,. -..-..-..-.,-..,
- .._,. -,.-..I”-“PRE-cHARGE
SEE NOTE 4
-
-
; 1 DISCHARGE I
- j 1..- .._., !?.?-..-..I
ADDITIONAL NOTES:
l A qualified electrician must install the UPS according
to all applicable codas.
. Power and control wires must be in separate
conduits.
NOTE 1: See Table 1 in Section 102 for recommended
input overcurrent protection.
NOTE 2: See Table 2 in Section 102 for recommended
output overcurrent protection.
NOTE 3: The customer must provide overcurrent
protection and UPS input AC disconnect means.
NOTE 4: (a) Refer to any instructions provided with the
DC disconnect (DCD) and pre-charge/discharge box.
(b) The pre-charge/discharge box must be located less
than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the DC disconnect.
(c) DCD and precharge may be internal or external to
the Battery System Cabinet, dependent on the system
ordered.
13
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Figure 5:
UT3120 - UT3220 Installation Wiring Diagram, Typical Installation
With External Maintenance Bypass Cabinet
,..,,...,._ . . . . ~..~~ __....,....,.. __.....,...._. ~.__~ . . .._..__..........._ ,__.....,....._.,_.. 1
i OPTIONAL MAINTENANCE BYPASS CABINET /
i II
lJT3120-UT3220 S E R I E S U P S u ,$p j
L..-~.- ._..... .,~_~ ._....... ~_~~ _........_.,_ . . . .~ ._........_.,_.. . . . .._~~_........_ ._.. -.,;.+ ,_,, . . ..~._.~...~......
!_.. -..-.,- .._.. . . . .._~ ._.. -..- .._.._.. -.,-..-y :
NOTE 1: Size the mains input overcurrent protection
device per applicable codes. See the table below for
mamut voltage and current ratings.
rMains Input
L .-~
1
!
UPSModel
lrn13ll
1
I
VAC
4A”
.--
ADDITIONAL NOTES:
l A qualified electrician must install the UPS according
to all applicable codes.
. Power and control wires must be in separate
conduits.
. If you do not have a BEST-supplied maintenance
bypass cabinet (MBC). you must provide overcurrent
protection and UPS input AC disconnect means.
1 Maximum Amps ’
76n
--,I
TV
347
UT3160
-.-.-I
480
I
477
UT3220
)
480
NOTE 2: la\ Refer to anv instructions Drovided with the
DC disconnect (DCD) aid pre-chargekkcharge box.
(b) The pre-charge/discharge box must be located less
than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the DC disconnect.
(c) DCD and precharge may be internal or external to the
Battery System Cabinet, dependent on the system
ordered.
/
14
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Figure 6: External Connection Board
Use Class 1 wiring methods.
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Figure 7: Communication Interface Board (Option)
Use Class 1 wiring methods.
16
r
L
-.
*~--
----
17
4
16
UT3120, UT3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
Figure 8: Relay Board (Option)
The relays are shown in the alarm position and correspond to non-energized coils.
17
UT3120, Ul-3160, and UT3220
Planning and Installation Manual
202
Installing the External Batteries and DC Disconnect @CD)
External batteries must be installed and connected to the UPS by a qualified service person who
is familiar with UPS battery installations and applicable building and electrical codes. The
qualitied service person should read this entire section before the UPS and batteries arrive.
Full voltage and current are always present at the battery terminals. The batteries used in this
system can produce dangerous voltages, extremely high currents, and a risk of electric shock.
They may cause severe injury if the terminals are shorted together or to ground (earth). You
must be extremely careful to avoid electric shock and bums caused by contacting battery
terminals or shorting terminals during battery installation. Do not touch uninsulated battery
terminals.
A qualified service person who is familiar with battery systems and required precautions
must install and service the batteries. The installation must conform to national and local
codes. Keep unauthorized personnel away from batteries.
The qualified service person must take these precautions:
1.
Wear protective clothing, such as rubber gloves and boots and protective eye wear.
Batteries contain caustic acids and toxic materials and can rupture or leak if mistreated.
Remove rings and metal wristwatches or other metal objects and jewelry. Do not carry
metal objects in your pockets where the objects can fall into the battery cabinet.
2.
Tools must have insulated handles and must be insulated so that they will not short
battery terminals. Do not allow a tool to short between individual or separate battery
terminals or to the cabinet or rack. Do not lay tools or metal parts on top of the batteries,
and do not lay them where they could fall onto the batteries or into the cabinet.
3.
Install the batteries as shown on the drawing provided with the batteries. When
connecting cables, never allow a cable to short across a battery’s terminals, the string of
batteries, or to the cabinet or rack.
4.
Align the cables on the battery terminals so that the cable lug will not contact any part of
the cabinet or rack, even if the battery is moved. Keep the cable away from any sharp
metal edges.
5.
Install the battery cables so they cannot be pinched by the UPS or battery cabinet doors.
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A
t DANGER!
6.
Do not connect the battery terminal to ground (earth). If any battery terminal is
inadvertently grounded, remove the source of the ground. Contacting any part of a
grounded battery can cause a risk of electric shock.
7.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, install the batteries in a temperature and
humidity controlled, indoor area, free of contaminants.
8.
Battery cabinet chassis ground (earth) must be connected to the UPS chassis ground
(earth). If you use conduit, this ground conductor must be routed in the same conduit as
the battery conductors.
9.
Where conductors may be exposed to physical damage, protect the conductors in
accordance with all applicable codes.
10. If you are replacing batteries or repairing battery connections, shut off the UPS and
remove both AC and DC power.
Follow these guidelines when installing the batteries:
l
Refer to any instructions provided with the batteries.
l
Refer to any instructions provided with the DC disconnect (DCD) and pre-charge/discharge
switch.
l
External batteries require a fused disconnect or a DC circuit breaker. There should be a
disconnecting means for each battery string. The external battery fuse protects the battery
cables. Size the cables based on the overcurrent protection device.
l
The battery cables must be sized for a total maximum voltage drop of 2.0 VDC at the rated
DC current.
0
Wherever conductors may be exposed to physical damage, protect the conductors in
accordance with any applicable codes. This includes battery cables between the UPS and the
battery system and cables between battery cabinets or racks.
l
BEST recommends routing battery cables through flexible conduit. Install flexible conduit
for battery cables according to local or national code.
l
The battery system ground (earth) must be connected to the UPS chassis ground (earth). This
ground conductor must be routed with the battery cables.
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l
Clean the cables and battery terminals before making the battery connections. Apply a thin
coating of conductive grease before making the battery connections or, after making
connections, apply petroleum jelly to the entire connection.
o
Torque battery connections to the battery manufacturer’s specifications.
Follow the steps below and any instructions provided with the battery system:
1.
2.
Connect the cables between batteries.
a.
In each battery string, connect the cables between batteries as shown in the battery
installation diagram provided with the batteries.
b.
Meter the positive (t) and negative (-) terminal on each battery string to verify proper
nominal voltage and polarity.
Connect the battery cables between battery strings.
a.
Connect the negative (-) cables between battery strings as shown in the battery
installation diagram provided with the batteries.
b.
Meter the DC voltage between the positive terminals of the strings. The voltage should
measure less than 5 volts. If it measures greater than 5 volts, correct any wiring errors
before you continue.
c.
Connect the positive (+) cables between battery strings as shown in the battery
installation diagram provided with the batteries.
3.
Install the DC disconnect (DCD) and pre-charge/discharge switch. Refer to Figure 4 or 5 and
to any instructions provided with the DCD and pre-charge/discharge switch.
4.
Connect the external batteries to the UPS.
a.
Connect the positive (+) cable(s) to the UPS first. Install ring connectors for 12 mm
bolts as required.
b.
To prevent short circuits, insulate the UPS end of the negative (-) cable(s).
Do not connect the negative (-) cables to the UPS yet.
c.
Connect the positive (+) cable(s) to the battery system and tighten to the proper torque
specifications.
d.
Connect the negative (-) cable(s) to the battery system and tighten to the proper torque
specifications.
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5.
6.
Check the DC voltage.
a.
Connect the DC fuse(s) as shown in the battery installation diagram provided with the
batteries. Verify proper voltage (408 VDC nominal) and polarity at the battery pack.
b.
Turn the DC disconnect (DCD) “ON.”
c.
Meter for proper nominal DC voltage at the UPS end of the cables. Make sure the
polarity agrees with the markings on the UPS battery input terminals.
d.
After checking the DC voltage, turn the DC disconnect (DCD) “OFF.”
Connect the negative (-) cable(s) to the UPS. Tighten to the proper torque specifications.
7. Replace all covers.
8.
Continue with Section 300, “Initial Startup and Phase Check.”
Battery Replacement Information
Only a qualified service person familiar with battery systems should replace batteries. See
Section 500, “Shutdown Procedure,” to bypass and shut down the UPS.
Review all of the warnings at the beginning of Section 202 before replacing the batteries.
Use the Same Number and Type of Battery: To ensure continued superior performance of
your UPS and to maintain proper battery charger operation, you must replace the batteries
with the same number of batteries. The batteries must be the same manufacturer type as the
original batteries and have the same voltage and ampere-hour rating as the original batteries,
Verify that the Battery Terminal is Not Grounded: If any battery terminal is inadvertently
grounded, you must remove the connection from the terminal to ground (earth) before you
service the batteries. Contacting any part of a grounded battery can cause a risk of electric
shock. An electric shock will be less likely if you disconnect the ground connection before
you service the batteries.
Handle Used Batteries with Care: Assume that old batteries are fully charged. Use the
same precautions you would use when handling a new battery. Do not short battery terminals
or the battery string with a cable or tool when you disconnect the batteries.
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-a
Qispose of Batteries Properly: For assistance, call BEST’s Technical Support Center at
l-800-356-5737 (U.S.A. or Canada) or call your local BEST office.
Do not dispose of batteries in a fire because the batteries could explode.
Do not open or mutilate batteries. Released electrolyte is harmful lo ihe skin and eyes
and may be toxic.
Batteries contain lead. Many state and local governments have regulations about
disposing of used batteries. Dispose of batteries properly. For assistance, call BEST’s
Technical Support at l-800-356-5737 or call your local BEST office.
Section 380: Initial Startup and Phase Chwk
Some units have been programmed at the factory for “autostart.” If programmed for
“autostart,” the unit will turn on any time mains (AC line) is applied (after a 60-second
delay). For more information or to change this feature, see the user manual.
Before continuing, read the warnings on the inside front cover of this manual.
After installing the unit, use this section to perform the initial startup and the phase check for the
Maintenance Bypass Cabinet (MBC).
The steps in this section are for a unit with a BEST-supplied MBC.
Follow this Procedure Exactly! No Load Should Be Applied!
1.
Make sure that all AC and DC power is off.
2.
Switch the maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) “OFF.”
3.
Switch the UPS output breaker (UOB) “OFF.”
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I
4.
At the mains AC input service panel, switch on the input power to the UPS and MBC.
5.
Switch the UPS input breaker (UIB) “ON.” The display should show Sys tern type
xxkVA xxxV.
6.
Within 20 seconds, the display should show **Stand-by* * and an audible alarrn should
sound.
7.
Turn the pre-charge/discharge switch to the “pre-charge” position and hold it until the LED
turns off.
8.
Switch the battery DC disconnect (DCD) “ON”.
9.
Check the phase rotation at the service panel and the unit. The unit will not start if the
rotation is incorrect. The phase rotation must he A, B, C and clockwise.
10. When the audible alarm stops, press the green “on” button located inside the UPS front door.
The UPS display will show Normal operation load power xx%.
NOTE: One or more alarms may occur. If the alarm(s) persists for more than 20 seconds,
refer to the “Alarms” section of the user manual. If the unit activates a “battery
monitor alarm,” you should set the user parameter “battery monitor reset” to “ON.”
11. If the UPS is connected to a generator, verify that the unit operates properly on generator
power before continuing. If the UPS operates properly on generator power, continue this
procedure. If the UPS does not operate properly on generator power, phone BEST’s
Technical Support Center for assistance.
e CAUTION
Before you switch the maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) “ON,” use the steps below to
check for correct voltage, phasing, and system operating mode.
12. Program the unit into static bypass operation:
a. Press Inl to access the user parameters.
b.
C.
q or m key until the display shows Bypass operation: OFF.
q to turn static bypass operation on. The display should show Bypass
Press
Press the
operation.
13. Switch the UPS output breaker (UOB) “ON.”
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14. At the MBC, make sure that the UPS output voltage is approximately the same as the AC
line input voltage (there may be slight differences). Use a true RMS voltmeter to measure
the phase-to-neutral voltage (only for &wire inputs) at the MBC AC line input and the
MBC output.
MiBC AC Line Input
VAC
a. LI to neutral
VAC
b. L2 to neutral
VAC
c. L3 to neutral
MBC Output to Loads
VAC
VAC
VAC
Ll to neutral
L2 to neutral
L3 to neutral
The voltages in the first column should be similar to the voltages in the second column.
If the voltages are more than 25 volts apart, check the connections and correct any
wiring problems before continuing.
15. At the MBC, make sure the UPS output voltage and AC line input voltage are in phase. To
do this, measure the AC voltage between the following points at the MBC AC line input and
the MBC output:
MBC AC Line Input
a. LI input
b. L2 input
c. L3 input
to
to
to
MBC Output to Loads
VAC
LI output
VAC
L2 output
VAC
L3 output
These readings must not he more than 25 VAC. If they are, call BEST’s Technical
Support Center or your local BEST office.
16. At the MBC, measure the following:
a.
b.
N input to Ground
N output to Ground
c.
N inpui to N oulput
VAC
VAC
VAC
“N input to N output” should not exceed “N input to Ground.” If it does, call BEST’s
Technical Support Center.
17. Check for proper voltages at the MBC load output terminals and the load distribution
panel(s) (only for 4-wire inputs).
Load Panel Input
MBC Output to Loads
VAC
a. LI to neutral
b . L 2 t o n e u t r a l -VAC
VAC
c. L3 to neutral
Ll to neutral
L2 to neutral
L3 to neutral
18. Switch the maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) “ON.”
19. Switch the UPS output breaker (UOB) “OFF.”
24
VAC
VAC
VAC
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Planning and IustaHatian Manual
20. Recheck for proper voltages at the MBC load output terminals and load distribution panel(s)
MBC Output to Loads
a. Ll to neutral
VAC
b. L2 to neutralV
A
C
c. L3 to neutralV
A
C
Load Panel Input
L1 t o n e u t r a lVAC
VAC
L2 to neutral
VAC
L3 to neutral
21. Switch the UPS output breaker (UOB) “ON.”
22. Switch the maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) “OFF.”
23. Program the UPS to normal operation:
a. Press lar to access the user parameters.
b.
Press the @ or
q key until the UPS display shows Bypass operation:
ON.
c . P r e s s EE! to turn static bypass operation off. The UPS display should show Normal
operation load power xx%.
The system is now ready to use. As the last step of the installation, BEST recommends that you
clear the events log. See Section 400, “Clearing the Events Log.”
Section 400: Clearing the Events Log
The events log contains the 250 most recent UPS events, including alarms. To clear the events
log, follow the steps below:
1.
Simultaneously press m and a. Thedisplayshou~dshowKey in password.
2.
Using the key pad, enter “920701.” The display should show Logging stack is
reset . The events log is now cleared.
If the unit will not be used immediately, go to Section 500, “Shutdown Procedure.”
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After shutting down the unit, wait at least five minutes before removing any access panels
or covers. Access panels should be removed by qualified service personnel only.
After shutting down the UPS, there may still be high voltage inside the unit.
TEST BEFORE TOUCHING!
Before continuing, read the warnings on the inside front cover of this manual.
This section tells how to shut down the UPS from normal operation mode. This procedure is for
a unit with a BEST maintenance bypass cabinet (MBC).
I.
0
If you have shut the loads down: Skip to step 4.
6
If the loads are to remain powered: Program the unit into static bypass operation:
a. Press Q to access the user parameters.
b.
Press the @ or m keyuntilthedisplayshows Bypass
operation:
OFF.
c . P r e s s m to turn static’bypass operation on. The display should show Bypass
operation.
2.
Switch the maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) “ON”.
3.
Switch the UPS output breaker (UOB) “OFF”,
4.
Press the red “off’ button located inside the UPS front door.
5.
Switch the UPS input breaker (UIB) “OFF”
6.
Switch the DC disconnect (DCD) “OFF.”
7.
Turn the pre-charge/discharge switch to the “discharge” position and hold it until the LED
turns off. The UPS display should now be blank.
To restart the unit, see Section 600, “Startup from Maintenance Bypass.”
8.
(Optional) If the loads are not to be powered, turn off all AC power sources to the UPS and
MBC.
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Section 600: Startup from Maintenance Bypass
This section tells how to start the UPS from maintenance bypass. The steps in this procedure are
for a unit with a BEST maintenance bypass cabinet (MBC).
I.
Make sure that the following switches are in the following positions:
a
l
l
0
2.
The UPS input breaker (UIB) should be “OFF.”
The UPS output breaker (UOB) should be “OFF.”
The UPS maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) should be “ON.”
The DC disconnect (DCD) should be “OFF.”
Switch the UPS input breaker (UIB) “ON.” The UPS display should show System type
xxkVA XXXV.
3.
Within 20 seconds, the display should show **St and-by* * and an audible alarm should
sound.
4.
Turn the pre-charge/discharge switch to the “pre-charge” position and hold it until the LED
turns off.
5.
Switch the DC disconnect (DCD) “ON.”
6.
Press the green “on” button located inside the UPS front door. The UPS display should show
Normal operation load power xx%.
7.
Program the UPS into static bypass operation:
a. Press @I to access the user parameters.
b.
Press the /@ or
q keyuntilthedisplayshows Bypass
operation: OFF.
c. Press pJ to turn bypass operation on. The display should show Bypass
operation.
8.
Switch the UPS output breaker (UOB) “ON.”
9.
Switch the maintenance bypass breaker (MBB) “OFF.”
10. Program the unit to normal operation:
a. Press RI to access the user parameters.
b.
c .
Press the
q
or
q key until the UPS display shows Bypass operation:
ON.
P r e s sto switch
@I static bypass operation off, The UPS display should show Normal
operation load power xx%.
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Section 701 contains a glossary of terms. Section 702 contains a list of abbreviations.
Ampere (Amp): A unit of electric current equivalent to a steady current produced by one volt applied across a
of one ohm.
resistance
British thermal unit (BTU): A unit ofheat energy equal to the heat needed to raise the temperature of one pound
of air-free water from 60’ to 61’F at a constant pressure of one standard atmosphere.
Decibel adjusted (dBa): A unit used to show the relationship between an acoustic noise source and a reference
sound power level of -85 dBm.
Ground (Earth): A conducting connection, whether intentional or accidental, by which an electric circuit 01
equipment is connected to earth or to some conducting body that serves in place of earth.
Load tolerance - symmetrical: Equally balanced loads on a three-phase system.
Load tolerance - asymmetrical: Unbalanced loads on a three-phase system.
Mains: The conductors extending from the service switch, generator bus, or converter bus to the main distribution
center in interior wiring. Synonymous with power source (input line).
Noise attenuation - differential mode: The ability to attenuate noise, line to line
Noise attenuation - common mode: The ability to attenuate noise, line to ground and neutral to ground
Nominal voltage: The voltage at which a device operates under ideal conditions,
Power factor (PF): The ratio of the true (real) power to the apparent power: root means-square @MS) voltage
times RMS current of an alternating current circuit.
Protective earth (PE): Synonymous with grounding electrode conductor
Static switch: An electronic switch that has no moving parts.
702
Abbreviations
BCA
DCD
MBB
MBC
MIB
MOB
SKRU
UIB
UOB
Battery cabinet assembly
DC disconnect switch (may be a separate switch or a switch located on the battery cabinet/rack)
Maintenance bypass breaker
Maintenance bypass cabinet
Main input breaker
Main output breaker
Solenoid key release unit
UPS input breaker
UPS output breaker
28
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