Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study

Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study
Use of the Centrifuge
Clinical SOP No. 32
Version 1.0
Compiled by:
Approved by:
Effective date:
01 July 2015
Review date:
01 November 2016
Use of the Centrifuge
SOP No. 32
Version 1.0
Detail of purpose / change
All SDRN SOPs can now be downloaded from:
Author /
edited by
Louise Greig
Date edited
29 June 2015
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Use of the Centrifuge
SOP No. 32
Version 1.0
Centrifugation is the process of separating two or more liquids in a mixture by rotation in a container
so that the lighter density liquid rises to the top. ICH GCP Principle 2.13 states “Systems with
procedures that assure the quality of every aspect of the trial should be implemented.” This SOP
gives general guidelines, to study personnel, on the use of the centrifuge.
The purpose of this SOP is to ensure that the operation of any centrifuge is performed safely, and to
a consistently high standard. It is an essential part of good practice to ensure that each piece of
equipment is working within it specified range.
It is important that all staff involved in processing samples, for a clinical trial, use the same
procedure as specified in the trial protocol, or centrifuge manual.
It is the individual responsibility of all users of a centrifuge to ensure that they are suitably trained in
its use, and maintenance, in order to ensure it is used correctly. Study personnel should read the
manufacturer’s instruction manual before using the centrifuge.
Plug the centrifuge into the mains and switch on.
Open the lid and load the appropriate tubes. (Use only correctly fitting tubes.)
The minimum number of tubes used is two. (If you wish to centrifuge only one tube then it
must be balanced using another tube filled with the same volume of water.)
Ensure the load is evenly distributed. (If the volume of liquid in the tubes varies then an
equal and opposite distribution should be employed.)
Centrifuge tubes must never be filled above the maximum recommended by the
Close the lid until you hear a click which means the lid is locked.
Select the desired centrifuge speed, as indicated in the study protocol, using the up and down
arrows. (The containers being centrifuged must be strong enough to withstand the
centrifugal forces to which they will be exposed.)
Select the desired centrifuge time, as indicated in the study protocol, using the up and down
If using a chilled centrifuge select the temperature, as indicated in the study protocol,
required using the corresponding up and down arrows. Multiple runs may be required to
reach the desired temperature.
Once the timer is set press start. (During the centrifugation run the rotor speed and the
remaining time are displayed.)
Once set and running the timer will display the remaining time until coming to rest.
Once the run begins the lid cannot be opened but the run settings can be changed (if
required) during a run using the up and down arrows and once set the new values become
After the expiry of the time, or if the centrifugation run is interrupted by pressing the STOP
key, the rotor runs down.
All SDRN SOPs can now be downloaded from:
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Use of the Centrifuge
SOP No. 32
Version 1.0
Once the centrifugal run is complete and the speed reaches zero then the centrifuge can be
Remove all tubes and place in a storage rack beside the centrifuge.
Wipe clean the centrifuge housing and the centrifuge chamber regularly. (It is recommended
this is done ideally after every use but at least once a week.)
The outside of the centrifuge should be cleaned occasionally.
In the event of condensation / water formation dry the centrifugal chamber with an absorbent
Spillages should be dealt with immediately.
In the event of a sample tube breakage during spinning, press the STOP button and wait 30
minutes for any glass or soluble particles to settle.
Disconnect the centrifuge form the power supply.
Wearing gloves open the lid and carefully pipette any remaining sample into a clean labelled
When a breakage occurs broken container parts and leaked sample material should be
completely removed. Use forceps to pick up any broken glass and dispose in a sharps bin.
The rubber inserts as well as the plastic sleeves or the rotors are to be replaced after a glass
breakage. (Remaining glass splinters cause further glass breakage.)
If infectious material (e.g., blood) penetrates into the centrifugal chamber, or after breakage
of glass containers, the plastic sleeves are to be disinfected immediately.
Dry the rotor and accessories immediately after cleaning and check regularly for corrosion
Emergency release. The lid cannot be opened during a power failure and an emergency
release has to be executed by hand. Switch off at the mains and insert the release pin in to
the appropriate hole to release the lid.
All SDRN SOPs can now be downloaded from:
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