How to wash and dry woollen garments

How to wash and dry woollen garments
How to wash and dry
woollen garments
WASHING WOOL TOO FREQUENTLY CAN WEAR OUT THE FABRIC, MAKING IT FELT
AND/OR LOSE ITS SHAPE, WHICH WILL SHORTEN ITS LIFESPAN.
TRY SPOT-CLEANING STAINS INSTEAD OF WASHING THE WHOLE GARMENT – IDEALLY
AS SOON AS YOU CAN AFTER THE STAIN HAS HAPPENED.
ALWAYS READ THE CARE LABEL OF YOUR GARMENT TO CHECK HOW IT SHOULD BE
CLEANED AS SOME WOOL CAN ONLY BE DRY-CLEANED OR HAND-WASHED.
YOU WILL NEED
DIFFICULTY
method)
Wool detergent or a very gentle soap
EASY
A clean and dry towel
Warm water
Steam iron
Bowl/sink
Ironing board
Washing machine
(for machine-washing
Pressing cloth
BEFORE YOU START
Measure your garment before you wash it so you know
what size it is supposed to be when you’ve finished.
You should always use a gentle washing detergent
specifically designed for woollens, silks or delicate fabrics.
Biological and non-biological detergents (including colour
detergents) are not suitable for washing wool.
Normal laundry detergents make the washing solution
alkaline, which can affect the dyes in wool and lead to
colours fading or running.
Alkaline solutions can also attack the wool fibres, which
will weaken them.
METHOD
HAND-WASHING WOOL
1
Use water that’s comfortably warm to the touch – no
more than 30 degrees C.
2
Let the garment soak for up to two hours to ensure the
fibres are saturated.
3
Ensure you use the correct amount of washing detergent.
This should be dissolved and evenly distributed in the
water before you add the garment.
Gently agitate the garment to wash it.
Avoid letting water from the tap run directly on to your
garment as this can matt the wool fibres.
Rinse your garment in three clean rinses of warm
(30 degrees C) water, or rinse until the water is clear.
4
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5
3
Remove the garment from the towel then dry flat,
gently pulling the garment to the correct size - this is
called blocking.
Note:
• Dry the garment away from direct sources of heat such
as radiators and fires.
Between rinses and at the end of the wash, gently squeeze
the excess water out of the garment.
• Avoid drying your woollens on a washing line or airer as
this will cause them to stretch.
Avoid allowing it to stretch with the weight of the water
in it and definitely do not wring it – this will stretch it out
of shape.
• Don’t tumble-dry as this will cause the wool to shrink.
MACHINE WASHING WOOL
DRYING WOOL
1
1
Your woollen garment needs to be washed on a gentle
wash programme, so be sure you select the wool cycle on
your washing machine.
Double check the temperature (cool wash, e.g. 30 degrees
C) and the spin speed – it will need to be a slow spin).
If in doubt, check the machine manufacturer’s
instruction booklet.
2
Place the garment on a clean towel on a flat surface and
gently pull it to the correct shape and size.
Roll it up in the towel and squeeze to take out the excess
moisture.
Ensure you use the correct washing detergent (see our
‘Before you start’ advice above).
Do not spin very delicate woollens such as angora. Instead,
gently squeeze the excess water out of the garment.
3
2
Follow the ‘Drying Wool’ instructions above.
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PRESSING WOOL
1
Avoid pressing your woollen garments when they’re wet.
2
Have the garment right side out and lay it flat on your
ironing board.
3
Press the garment while it’s still slightly damp or, if it’s
dry, use a low temperature steam setting – the wool
setting on your iron.
Hover the steam iron over the surface of the wool but
don’t press down.
3
If you don’t have a steam iron, use a clean, damp pressing
cloth and gently press the garment.
4
Leave the garment on a flat surface until it is dry.
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