– Materials
Introduction .......................... 35
Kit Inventory List .................. 36
Materials Supplied by the
Teacher ................................. 38
Preparing a New Kit .............. 40
Preparing the Kit for Your
Classroom ............................. 42
Care, Reuse, and Recycling .... 45
The Air and Weather kit contains
• Teacher Toolkit: Air and Weather
1 Investigations Guide: Air and Weather
1 Teacher Resources: Air and Weather
1 FOSS Science Resources: Air and Weather
• FOSS Science Resources: Air and Weather
(1 big book and class set of student books)
• Equipment for 32 students
A new kit contains enough consumable items for at least two
classroom uses before you need to resupply.
FOSS modules use central materials distribution. You organize
all the materials for an investigation on a single table called the
materials station. As the investigation progresses, one member of
each group gets materials as they are needed, and another returns
the materials when the investigation is completed. You place items
at the station—students do the rest.
Individual photos of each piece of FOSS equipment are available
online for printing. For updates to information on materials used in
this module and access to the Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS),
go to Links to replacement-part lists and
customer service are also available on FOSSweb.
Full Option Science System
Delta Education Customer
Service can be reached at
– Materials
Drawer 1—print materials
1 Teacher Toolkit: Air and Weather (1 Investigations Guide, 1 Teacher Resources,
and 1 FOSS Science Resources: Air and Weather)
32 FOSS Science Resources: Air and Weather, student books
1 FOSS Science Resources: Air and Weather, big book
Drawer 2—permanent equipment
2 Anemometer sets. Each set consists of
1 wood base
4 cups, 150 mL (5 oz.)
1 cardboard square with hole in center
4 Balloon pumps
50 Balls, plastic foam, 2.5 cm (1") diameter ✪
2 Class calendars, laminated
2 Cut-and-stick Moons sets, 35/set
80 Feathers ✪
24 Glue sticks ✪
2 Hole punches
1 Index cards, package, 100/pkg
1 Marking pen, wet-erase
1 Paper clips, jumbo, box, 100/box
1 Poster, A Guide to the Sky
1 Poster, Moon Calendar
1 Poster, Natural Sources of Water
1 Poster, Wind Scale
2 Posters, Science Safety and Outdoor Safety
1 Rain gauge
1 Thermometer, FOSS demonstration
1 Thermometer, working
20 Zip bags, 4 L
✪ These items might
occasionally need
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Drawer 2—consumable equipment
Equipment Condition
Balloons, oblong
Balloons, round, #7
Cotton balls
Crepe paper, rolls, blue
Dots, adhesive, 2 cm (3/4") diameter
Fishing line, roll, 10-lb. test
Straws, flexible
Straws, jumbo
Straws, superjumbo
String, balls, 300 m (320 yd.)/ball
Tape, duct, roll, 3 m (10')/roll
Tape, transparent, rolls, 16 m (650")/roll
Zip bags, 1 L
Drawer 3—permanent equipment
Bottles, clear plastic, 120 mL
Bubble wands, plastic
Cups, plastic, 250 mL (9 oz.)
Pipes, long, rigid plastic, 15 cm (6" )
Pipes, short, rigid plastic, 7.5 cm (3" )
Rubber stoppers, #3, 2-hole
Syringes, 30 mL
Tubes, flexible plastic, 12.5 cm (5")
Vials, 12 dram
Drawer 3—consumable equipment
1 Food coloring, bottle, green
Air and Weather Module
– Materials
MATERIALS Supplied by the Teacher
Each part of each investigation has a Materials section that describes
the materials required for that part. It lists materials needed for each
student or group of students and for the class.
Be aware that you must supply some items. These are indicated with an
asterisk (*) in the Materials list for each part of the investigation. Here
is a summary list of those items by investigation.
For all investigations
• Chart paper and marking pen
• Drawing utensils (pencils, crayons, colored pencils, marking
• Glue sticks (if you need additional)
1 Projection system
• Science notebooks (composition books)
For outdoor activities
Bag for carrying materials
Clipboards (optional)
Whistle or bell
Investigation 1: Exploring Air
Fork, metal
Marking pen, permanent, black
Paper napkins, 15 cm (6") square folded
Paper towels
Pitcher or other wide-mouth container
Scratch paper
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Investigation 2: Observing Weather
• Art paper or construction paper, fadeless, several small pieces
of each color: orange, yellow, green, blue, purple
2 Buckets (optional)
32 Construction paper, pieces, red, 4 ✕ 17 cm (1.5" ✕ 7")
32 Construction paper, pieces, red, 2 ✕ 6.5 cm (1" ✕ 2.5")
5 Cups or envelopes
1 Marking pen, permanent, black
1 Ruler
32 Scissors
• Water (warm and cold)
Investigation 3: Wind Explorations
2 Bottles, plastic, soft-drink, 2 L
• Cardboard or poster board, lightweight
56 ✕ 71 cm (22" ✕ 28")
1 Compass, magnetic (optional)
• Crayons or markers
1 Fan or hair dryer, variable speed
• Light corn syrup or glycerin, 30 mL (6 tsp.) (optional)
• Liquid dishwashing detergent, 225 mL (1 cup)
1 Marking pen, permanent, black
1 Measuring cup
1 Measuring teaspoon
• Paper towels
1 Ruler
32 Scissors
1 Tub
• Water
Investigation 4: Looking for Change
Construction paper, strips, blue, 4.5 cm (1.75") wide
Cups or envelopes
Local newspaper, weather page
Tack or pushpin
Air and Weather Module
– Materials
If you are preparing a new kit for classroom use, you can do several
things initially that will save time during routine preparation for
1. Prepare the demonstration thermometer
Before the demonstration thermometer is used, five temperature
ranges need to be color coded. Students will use the colored areas
on the thermometer to help them associate temperatures with how
the air feels.
Use fadeless art paper or construction paper to code the
temperature ranges listed below. Write the words with a black
permanent marking pen. Be careful not to catch the movable red
and white strip that changes the temperature reading.
Code 30°C–50°C (80°F–120°F) orange. Label it “hot.”
Code 20°C–30°C (65°F–80°F) yellow. Label it “warm.”
Code 10°C–20°C (50°F–65°F) green. Label it “cool.”
Code 0°C–10°C (32°F–50°F) blue. Label it “cold.”
Code the area below 0°C (32°F) purple. Label it “freezing.”
Full Option Science System
2. Prepare bottle systems
In Investigation 1, Part 4, students use an airtight bottle system
to investigate air. Two pipes are inserted into a rubber stopper
for each system. Assemble these ahead of time and leave them
assembled after using.
a. Get a long rigid pipe, a short
rigid pipe, and a two-hole rubber
stopper. Push the two pipes
through the holes in the stopper.
b. Push the stopper loosely into a
plastic bottle and push the long
pipe down until the end is resting
on the bottom of the bottle. Push
the short pipe down until it
protrudes above the stopper about
the same distance as the long pipe.
Now push the stopper into the
bottle firmly to make an airtight
Air and Weather Module
– Materials
PREPARING the Kit for
Your Classroom
Some preparation is required each time you use the kit. Doing these
things before beginning the module will make daily setup quicker and
1. Check consumable materials
A number of items in the kit are listed as consumable. Some of
these items will be used up during the investigations (balloons,
cotton balls, crepe paper, dots, duct tape, fishing line, straws, string,
bags), and others will wear out (feathers, plastic-foam balls). Items
that cannot be reused for particular FOSS investigation may be
usable in another part of the curriculum. Before throwing items
out, consider ways to recycle them and get your students involved in
this process.
2. Check balls and feathers
The plastic-foam balls and feathers are nonconsumable and should
be reused, but replace them if they look excessively worn. The kit
provides more than enough for two class uses.
3. Check straws
There are three kinds of straws in this kit, and each has a specific
purpose. Become familiar with the different types.
• Jumbo straws are used most often as a general-purpose straw.
• Superjumbo straws are reserved for the anemometer, wind
vanes, and pinwheels. A jumbo straw will easily slide through a
superjumbo straw.
• Flexible straws (wrapped) have a flexible section that permits the
straw to bend. Flexible straws are used in Investigation 1 when
students explore air.
4. Check balloons
Balloons are made of latex.
Students with latex allergies
should not handle balloons.
The kit has two kinds of balloons, both used in Investigation 1:
round, used to explore air in Part 1, and oblong, used for the
balloon rockets in Part 5. Four balloon pumps are in the kit. For
safety reasons, students should inflate the balloons using the pumps.
5. Check calendars
The kit contains two large class calendars and a wet-erase marking
pen for writing the month, year, and day. Make sure the calendars
are wiped clean and ready to go. Do not use permanent markers
on these reusable calendars.
Full Option Science System
6. Choose thermometer scale
The outdoor thermometer in the kit has degrees Celsius (°C)
and degrees Fahrenheit (°F). FOSS is a metric program, and we
encourage you to use the Celsius scale. However, we realize that
local weather reports use degrees Fahrenheit. Decide which scale
you want to use in your classroom and use only that scale. Tape
paper over the other scale on the thermometer. Remove the paper
at the end of the module.
The demonstration thermometer has Celsius on one face and
Fahrenheit on the reverse face. Use only one side of this
thermometer as well.
7. Check plastic tubing
Flexible plastic tubes are used to connect syringes to each other
and to the rigid plastic pipes in Investigation 1. Never store the
flexible tubes while they are connected to anything. If the tubes
are left on a syringe or pipe for an extended time, they will become
permanently stretched and will no longer attach securely to
syringes and pipes. If this does happen, cut off the stretched end of
the tube to restore its usefulness.
8. Photocopy notebook sheets
You will need to make copies of science notebook sheets before
each investigation. See Getting Ready for Investigation 1, Part 1,
for ways to organize the notebook sheets for this module. If you
use a projection system, you can download electronic copies of the
sheets from FOSSweb (
9. Plan for word wall and pocket charts
As the module progresses, you will add new vocabulary words to
a word wall or pocket chart and model writing and responding to
focus questions. See Investigation 1, Part 1, for suggestions about
how to do this in your classroom.
You may want to print out the
FOSS equipment photo cards (from
FOSSweb) to add to your word wall
to help students with vocabulary.
10. Consider safety issues indoors and outdoors
Two safety posters are included in the kit—Science Safety and
Outdoor Safety. You should review the guidelines with students
and post the posters in the room as a reminder. Getting Ready
for Investigation 1, Part 1, offers suggestions for this discussion.
Emphasize that materials do not go in mouths, ears, noses, or eyes.
Encourage responsible actions toward other students.
Also be aware of any allergies that students in your class might have.
Students with latex allergies should not handle balloons, rubber
bands, or rubber stoppers.
Air and Weather Module
The Letter to Family and
Home/School Connections are
also available electronically on
– Materials
11. Plan for letter home and home/school
Teacher master 1, Letter to Family, is a letter you can use to inform
families about this module. The letter states the goals of the
module and suggests some home experiences that can contribute
to students’ learning. Space is left at the top so you can copy the
letter onto your school letterhead.
There is a home/school connection for most investigations. Check
the last page of each investigation for details, and plan when to
make copies and send them home with students.
12. Gather books from library
Check your local library for books related to this module. Visit
FOSSweb for a list of appropriate trade books that relate to this
13. Check FOSSweb for resources
Go to FOSSweb to review the print and digital resources available
for this module.
Full Option Science System
CARE, Reuse, and Recycling
When you finish teaching the module, inventory the kit carefully. Note
the items that were used up, lost, or broken, and immediately arrange to
replace the items. Use a photocopy of the Kit Inventory List and put
your marks in the “Equipment Condition” column. Refill packages
and replacement parts are available for FOSS by calling Delta Education
at 1-800-258-1302 or by using the online replacement-part catalog
Standard refill packages of consumable items are available from Delta
Education. A refill package for a module includes sufficient quantities
of all consumable materials (except those provided by the teacher) to
use the kit with two classes of 32 students.
Here are a few tips on storing the equipment after use.
Sort and inventory all items and secure them in plastic bags.
Allow the containers, syringes, and tubes to dry before storing.
Leave pipes in the rubber stoppers.
Remove flexible tubes from syringes and pipes. Store the
flexible tubes in a separate bag.
Disassemble the class anemometer and wind vane; store the
Wipe off the class calendars so they are ready for the next class.
Make sure posters are stored flat on the bottom of the box.
The items in the kit have been selected for their ease of use and
durability. Small items should be inventoried (a good job for students
under your supervision) and put into zip bags for storage. Any items
that are no longer useful for science should be properly recycled.
Air and Weather Module
– Materials
Full Option Science System
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