Virginia 4H Tractor Operators Contest Guidelines I. Description: This event provides 4H members an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge of tractor maintenance, safety, and skill in operation. The contest includes the following events: Written Examination Parts Identification Operating a tractor with two-wheel implement attached Operating a tractor with four-wheel implement attached One 4H participant from each county/club may participate. Due to space and time considerations the contest will be limited to 12 contestants. Designated judges will preside over the contest and the judge’s decisions and placings are finial. II. Procedure: 1. Written Examination The written examination will consist of 50 questions (true-or-false, multiple-choice, and/or completion) about tractor maintenance and safety. The test questions will be taken from the project literature and related references. A time limit is announced when the examination is given. Each question is worth 20 points. Therefore, the number of questions missed x 20 = total number of points to be deducted. Rules 1) Twenty penalty points will be given for each question answered incorrectly. Scoring: Question missed _____ x 20 = total Penalty Points _______ 2. Parts Identification The parts identification portion of the contest will require the 4H member to correctly identify 20 parts from the resource list provided. The parts may be photos or actual parts. Each part is worth 20 points. Therefore, the number of parts missed x 20 = total number of points to be deducted. Rules 2) Twenty penalty points will be given for each question answered incorrectly. Scoring: Question missed _____ x 20 = total Penalty Points _______ 3. Driving Events Preparation for driving Events New or late model tractors in the 30 – 60 horsepower range will be provided. A short practice period is provided for instruction in correct and safe operation of the tractor and for the participant to become acquainted with the tractor. Participants may practice driving the tractor for no more than 4 minutes. Participants may not drive through any part of the event course during the practice period. Participants must compete before they are eligible to observe the driving of other participants. Differences in the topography of the land where the events are held may require the judges to make certain ground rules before the beginning of the event. The same score card is used for the two wheel and the four wheel events. The point-deduction system is used to score the event. The participant with the lowest total score is the winner. Each participant is scored on safety throughout the event. Judges rule on any questions that may arise during the event. Equipment needed for the tractor operation events Standard-make tractor 30 to 60 horsepower Two-wheel tractor-trailer or manure spreader on the top of which is placed an 8-foot by 12-foot slat frame Four-wheel wagon with an 8-foot by 16-foot frame Stop watches (2) Rulers or tape measures (4) Posts (44 or more) Heavy cord or binder twine (400 feet). The cord or twine is tied to the posts at the same height as the widest part of the implement. Two wheel wagon event – Procedures 1. The participant starts the tractor and allows the engine to warm. 2. The participant drives the tractor and implement to the start/stop line and stops the tractor so that the rear wheels rest on the line. The tractor faces the same direction as the open end of the shed. 3. The participant signals the timekeeper when he/she is ready to begin with engine running, safety belt fastened, brake set, feet on platform, and tractor transmission in neutral or parked position. The timekeeper gives the signal to begin and the time is started. 4. The participant backs the tractor and implement into a 40-foot alley (see diagram that follows.) At a signal from the participant, the judges take the appropriate measurements. 5. The participant drives the tractor and implement out of the alley and through the gates as shown in the diagram. 6. The participant backs the implement into the shed. At a signal from the participant, the judges take the appropriate measurements. 7. The participant drives the tractor and implement to the start/stop line. The participant positions the tractor so that the rear wheels rest on the start/stop line, and the tractor faces in the same direction on the open end of the shed. 8. The participant turns off the tractor and signals the timekeeper. Four wheel wagon event –Procedures 1. Three scorers are needed for the event (one for timing and recording scores, and two for measuring and observing). 2. If possible, the driving events should run concurrently. 3. The participant is allowed to start and warm up the tractor engine. 4. The participant drives the tractor to the start/stop line and stops the tractor so that the rear wheels rest on the line. 5. The participant signals the timekeeper when ready to begin—tractor engine running, brake set, transmission in neutral or park position. 6. The participant drives the tractor to the implement shed and spots the drawbar. No assistance is allowed in spotting. The wagon tongue is on the ground. The participant makes the hitch without moving the wagon forward more than one foot. A safety-type pin is used whenever possible for the hitch. The participant dismounts from the tractor to insert the pin. The participant must set both brakes and/or leave the gearshift in the neutral or park position whenever he/she dismounts from the tractor. 7. The participant pulls the wagon out of the shed, drives the tractor forward and then backs the wagon into the shed. 8. The participant turns off the tractor and signals the timekeeper once the wagon has been backed into the shed The resources for the State Tractor Operators written exam can be ordered from: - Safe Operation of Agricultural Equipment Hobar Publications, 3943 Meadowbrook Road Minneapolis, MN 55436 1.800.846.7027 Fax 953.938.7353 - “Hydraulics” – Textbook 8th Edition “Engines” – Textbook 10th Edition “ Tractors” – Textbook 5th Edition John Deere Publishing 5440 Corporate Park Drive, Davenport, IA 52807 1-800-522-7448 http://www.deere.com/publications Results: Top individuals will be recognized at the conclusion of the event. TRACTOR OPERATOR’S CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENT SCORE SHEET Participant _______________________ Club _________________ CHECK ONE: Event I ____ Event II ____ Starting Safety Failure to check neutral position of gear shift Failure to disengage clutch while starting the tractor Failure to set brake before starting engine Failure to be in driver’s seat when starting engine Starting tractor with spectators within 10 feet Failure to fasten safety belt around driver ______ x 25 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ Driving Safety Failure to stay seated Skidding or spinning wheels (front tire must skid the width of the tire to count) Turning too short and fouling implement Operation of tractor at reckless speed Moving tractor with brake set Failure to hitch implement to tractor properly Failure to use safety belt properly Number of Unnecessary Changes in Direction ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 10 = _______ Tractor Engine Stalled Grated gears Rough clutch engagement Engine speed too fast /excessive RPM ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ Posts and Lines Touched Knocked down or crossed ______ x 40 = _______ ______ x 50 = _______ Two Wheel Measurement in Alley (no fractions) Inches from back post (beyond 3 inches) ______ x 20 = _______ Measurement in Shed (no fractions) Inches off center at front Inches off center at rear Inches from back post (beyond 3 inches) Failure to Run Prescribed Course ______ x 20 = _______ ______ x 20 = _______ ______ x 10 = _______ _____ x 400 = _______ * If participant exceeds 10 minutes on driving event, participant must end competition in that event and return tractor and implement to starting positions. 400 points will be added to the participant’s score. Dismounting Failure to set brakes and/or to place gearshift in park or neutral position Failure to dismount to insert or remove draw pin Failure to bring tractor to complete stop before dismounting ______ x 50 = _____ ______ x 100 = ______ ______ x 100 = ______ Other Safety Violations Extra riders Improper clothing Obstructed vision _____________ (judge’s discretion) ______ x 200 = _______ ______ x 100 = _______ ______ x 100 = _______ ______ x 100 = _______ One or both front wheels of four wheel wagon cross the 28 foot line ______ x 200 = _______ Time* Minutes Seconds ______ x 15 = _______ ______ x .25 = _______ TOTAL POINTS OFF Written examination Total points deducted _________ Parts Identification Total points deducted _________ Two Wheel Wagon Event Total points deducted _________ Four Wheel Wagon Event Total points deducted _________ Grand Total Points deducted _________ Tractor Parts Identification Parts to be identified have numbers attached to them. Select the most correct part name from this list. Bubble the corresponding number beside the name in the appropriate blank. Air intake, Engine Alternator Ammeter/Indicator Light Axle Carrier, Rear Battery Bearing, Ball Bearing, Crankshaft Bearing, Roller Brake Pedal Camshaft Clutch Pedal Clutch Plate Clutch Pressure Plate Connecting Rod Crankshaft Diesel Fuel Tank Dipstick, Crankcase Oil Level Drawbar Engine Stop Control Exhaust Manifold Fan Fan Belt Flywheel, Engine Fuel Tank Cap Fuel Filter Fuel Injector Pump Fuel Injector Fuel Pump Fuel Tank Governor Head Gasket, Engine Hydraulic Hose Hydraulic Reservoir Hydraulic Valve Control Intake Manifold - 101 - 102 - 103 - 104 - 105 - 106 - 107 - 108 - 109 - 110 - 111 - 112 - 113 - 114 - 115 - 116 - 117 - 118 - 119 - 120 - 121 - 122 - 123 - 124 - 125 - 126 - 127 - 128 - 129 - 130 - 131 - 132 - 133 - 134 - 135 Muffler Oil Drain Plug, Crankcase Oil Filter, Crankcase Oil Filler Cap, Crankcase Oil Pan, Crankcase Oil Pressure Gauge/Indicator Light Oil Pump Screen Parking Brake Control Piston Piston Rings Piston Wrist Pin P. T. O. Shield Radiator Radiator Cap Seal, Grease/Oil Starter Steering Tie Rod Tachometer Temperature Gauge/Indicator Light Thermostat Throttle Throttle Rod Tire Valve Stem Valve, Engine Valve Cover, Engine Valve Cover, Gasket Valve Push Rod Valve Rocker Arm Valve Spring Warning Light, Rear Water Hose Water Pump Weight Carrier Weights, Front Weights, Wheel - 136 - 137 - 138 - 139 - 140 -141 - 142 - 143 - 144 - 145 - 146 - 147 - 148 - 149 - 150 - 151 - 152 - 153 - 154 - 155 - 156 - 157 - 158 - 159 -160 - 161 - 162 - 163 - 164 - 165 - 166 - 167 - 168 - 169 - 170 Two wheel course The tractor will be hooked up and in the shed to start the event. The tractor will be pulled forward then backed down the 40’ alley, the member will signal for the judge to take the back measurement, and then the member will pull the tractor and wagon through gate 1 out gate 2, then in gate 3 out gate 4 and then place the wagon back in the shed. Time will stop once the tractor is cut off. There is a ten minute time limit on the event.
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