Tractor Operators Contest Guidelines
Virginia 4H
Tractor Operators Contest Guidelines
I. Description:
This event provides 4H members an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge of tractor maintenance, safety,
and skill in operation. The contest includes the following events:
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Written Examination
Parts Identification
Operating a tractor with two-wheel implement attached
Operating a tractor with four-wheel implement attached
One 4H participant from each county/club may participate. Due to space and time considerations the contest will
be limited to 12 contestants. Designated judges will preside over the contest and the judge’s decisions and
placings are finial.
II. Procedure:
1. Written Examination
The written examination will consist of 50 questions (true-or-false, multiple-choice, and/or completion) about
tractor maintenance and safety. The test questions will be taken from the project literature and related references.
A time limit is announced when the examination is given. Each question is worth 20 points. Therefore, the number
of questions missed x 20 = total number of points to be deducted.
Rules
1) Twenty penalty points will be given for each question answered incorrectly.
Scoring: Question missed _____ x 20 = total Penalty Points _______
2. Parts Identification
The parts identification portion of the contest will require the 4H member to correctly identify 20 parts from the
resource list provided. The parts may be photos or actual parts. Each part is worth 20 points. Therefore, the
number of parts missed x 20 = total number of points to be deducted.
Rules
2) Twenty penalty points will be given for each question answered incorrectly.
Scoring: Question missed _____ x 20 = total Penalty Points _______
3. Driving Events
Preparation for driving Events
New or late model tractors in the 30 – 60 horsepower range will be provided.
A short practice period is provided for instruction in correct and safe operation of the tractor and
for the participant to become acquainted with the tractor.
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Participants may practice driving the tractor for no more than 4 minutes.
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Participants may not drive through any part of the event course during the practice period.
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Participants must compete before they are eligible to observe the driving of other participants.
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Differences in the topography of the land where the events are held may require the judges to make
certain ground rules before the beginning of the event.
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The same score card is used for the two wheel and the four wheel events.
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The point-deduction system is used to score the event. The participant with the lowest total score is the
winner.
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Each participant is scored on safety throughout the event.
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Judges rule on any questions that may arise during the event.
Equipment needed for the tractor operation events
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Standard-make tractor 30 to 60 horsepower
Two-wheel tractor-trailer or manure spreader on the top of which is placed an 8-foot by 12-foot slat frame
Four-wheel wagon with an 8-foot by 16-foot frame
Stop watches (2)
Rulers or tape measures (4)
Posts (44 or more)
Heavy cord or binder twine (400 feet). The cord or twine is tied to the posts at the same height as the
widest part of the implement.
Two wheel wagon event – Procedures
1.
The participant starts the tractor and allows the engine to warm.
2.
The participant drives the tractor and implement to the start/stop line and stops the tractor so that the rear
wheels rest on the line. The tractor faces the same direction as the open end of the shed.
3.
The participant signals the timekeeper when he/she is ready to begin with engine running, safety belt fastened,
brake set, feet on platform, and tractor transmission in neutral or parked position. The timekeeper gives the
signal to begin and the time is started.
4.
The participant backs the tractor and implement into a 40-foot alley (see diagram that follows.) At a signal from
the participant, the judges take the appropriate measurements.
5.
The participant drives the tractor and implement out of the alley and through the gates as shown in the diagram.
6.
The participant backs the implement into the shed. At a signal from the participant, the judges take the
appropriate measurements.
7.
The participant drives the tractor and implement to the start/stop line. The participant positions the tractor so
that the rear wheels rest on the start/stop line, and the tractor faces in the same direction on the open end of the
shed.
8.
The participant turns off the tractor and signals the timekeeper.
Four wheel wagon event –Procedures
1.
Three scorers are needed for the event (one for timing and recording scores, and two for measuring and
observing).
2.
If possible, the driving events should run concurrently.
3.
The participant is allowed to start and warm up the tractor engine.
4.
The participant drives the tractor to the start/stop line and stops the tractor so that the rear wheels rest on the
line.
5.
The participant signals the timekeeper when ready to begin—tractor engine running, brake set, transmission in
neutral or park position.
6.
The participant drives the tractor to the implement shed and spots the drawbar. No assistance is allowed in
spotting. The wagon tongue is on the ground. The participant makes the hitch without moving the wagon
forward more than one foot. A safety-type pin is used whenever possible for the hitch. The participant
dismounts from the tractor to insert the pin. The participant must set both brakes and/or leave the gearshift in
the neutral or park position whenever he/she dismounts from the tractor.
7.
The participant pulls the wagon out of the shed, drives the tractor forward and then backs the wagon into the shed.
8.
The participant turns off the tractor and signals the timekeeper once the wagon has been backed into the shed
The resources for the State Tractor Operators written exam can be ordered from:
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Safe Operation of Agricultural Equipment
Hobar Publications, 3943 Meadowbrook Road
Minneapolis, MN 55436
1.800.846.7027
Fax 953.938.7353
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“Hydraulics” – Textbook 8th Edition
“Engines” – Textbook 10th Edition
“ Tractors” – Textbook 5th Edition
John Deere Publishing
5440 Corporate Park Drive,
Davenport, IA 52807
1-800-522-7448
http://www.deere.com/publications
Results:
Top individuals will be recognized at the conclusion of the event.
TRACTOR OPERATOR’S CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENT
SCORE SHEET
Participant
_______________________
Club
_________________
CHECK ONE: Event I ____
Event II ____
Starting Safety
Failure to check neutral position of gear shift
Failure to disengage clutch while starting the tractor
Failure to set brake before starting engine
Failure to be in driver’s seat when starting engine
Starting tractor with spectators within 10 feet
Failure to fasten safety belt around driver
______ x 25 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
Driving Safety
Failure to stay seated
Skidding or spinning wheels (front tire must skid the width of the tire to count)
Turning too short and fouling implement
Operation of tractor at reckless speed
Moving tractor with brake set
Failure to hitch implement to tractor properly
Failure to use safety belt properly
Number of Unnecessary Changes in Direction
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 10 = _______
Tractor Engine
Stalled
Grated gears
Rough clutch engagement
Engine speed too fast /excessive RPM
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
Posts and Lines
Touched
Knocked down or crossed
______ x 40 = _______
______ x 50 = _______
Two Wheel Measurement in Alley (no fractions)
Inches from back post (beyond 3 inches)
______ x 20 = _______
Measurement in Shed (no fractions)
Inches off center at front
Inches off center at rear
Inches from back post (beyond 3 inches)
Failure to Run Prescribed Course
______ x 20 = _______
______ x 20 = _______
______ x 10 = _______
_____ x 400 = _______
* If participant exceeds 10 minutes on driving event, participant must end competition in that event and return tractor and
implement to starting positions. 400 points will be added to the participant’s score.
Dismounting
Failure to set brakes and/or to place gearshift in park or neutral position
Failure to dismount to insert or remove draw pin
Failure to bring tractor to complete stop before dismounting
______ x 50 = _____
______ x 100 = ______
______ x 100 = ______
Other Safety Violations
Extra riders
Improper clothing
Obstructed vision
_____________ (judge’s discretion)
______ x 200 = _______
______ x 100 = _______
______ x 100 = _______
______ x 100 = _______
One or both front wheels of four wheel wagon cross the 28 foot line ______ x 200 = _______
Time*
Minutes
Seconds
______ x 15 = _______
______ x .25 = _______
TOTAL POINTS OFF
Written examination
Total points deducted
_________
Parts Identification
Total points deducted
_________
Two Wheel Wagon Event
Total points deducted
_________
Four Wheel Wagon Event
Total points deducted
_________
Grand Total Points deducted
_________
Tractor Parts Identification
Parts to be identified have numbers attached to them. Select the most correct part name from this list.
Bubble the corresponding number beside the name in the appropriate blank.
Air intake, Engine
Alternator
Ammeter/Indicator Light
Axle Carrier, Rear
Battery
Bearing, Ball
Bearing, Crankshaft
Bearing, Roller
Brake Pedal
Camshaft
Clutch Pedal
Clutch Plate
Clutch Pressure Plate
Connecting Rod
Crankshaft
Diesel Fuel Tank
Dipstick, Crankcase Oil Level
Drawbar
Engine Stop Control
Exhaust Manifold
Fan
Fan Belt
Flywheel, Engine
Fuel Tank Cap
Fuel Filter
Fuel Injector Pump
Fuel Injector
Fuel Pump
Fuel Tank
Governor
Head Gasket, Engine
Hydraulic Hose
Hydraulic Reservoir
Hydraulic Valve Control
Intake Manifold
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- 108
- 109
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- 126
- 127
- 128
- 129
- 130
- 131
- 132
- 133
- 134
- 135
Muffler
Oil Drain Plug, Crankcase
Oil Filter, Crankcase
Oil Filler Cap, Crankcase
Oil Pan, Crankcase
Oil Pressure Gauge/Indicator Light
Oil Pump Screen
Parking Brake Control
Piston
Piston Rings
Piston Wrist Pin
P. T. O. Shield
Radiator
Radiator Cap
Seal, Grease/Oil
Starter
Steering Tie Rod
Tachometer
Temperature Gauge/Indicator Light
Thermostat
Throttle
Throttle Rod
Tire Valve Stem
Valve, Engine
Valve Cover, Engine
Valve Cover, Gasket
Valve Push Rod
Valve Rocker Arm
Valve Spring
Warning Light, Rear
Water Hose
Water Pump
Weight Carrier
Weights, Front
Weights, Wheel
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- 170
Two wheel course
The tractor will be hooked up and in the shed to start the event. The tractor will be pulled forward
then backed down the 40’ alley, the member will signal for the judge to take the back measurement,
and then the member will pull the tractor and wagon through gate 1 out gate 2, then in gate 3 out gate
4 and then place the wagon back in the shed. Time will stop once the tractor is cut off. There is a ten
minute time limit on the event.
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