BTU Series Electric Unit Heaters

BTU Series Electric Unit Heaters
Bulletin A140B
BTU Series
Electric Unit Heaters
unit heater
applications
For primary or supplementary heating of entryways,
storerooms, kitchens, garages, shipping rooms, warehouses,
factories, hangers, power generating plants, pump houses
and stores.
Eliminates piping, valves, traps, freeze ups, water leaks,
vagrant heat waste, vents, stacks, gas piping and pilot lights.
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS
BTU Series – Covers ranges from 2.5 KW through 50 KW. Fabricated from heavy gauge steel, plate fin
elements, enclosed fan motor and adjustable louvers. Suitable for ceiling or wall
mounting for horizontal or vertical down airflow. BTU Series offer great flexibility in
control and construction options.
BTU HEATERS
1. Heavy Duty Construction – Cabinets are
made of heavy gauge steel for durability and
trouble-free operation.
2. Supply Connection – Single connection
eliminates separate fan motor circuit.
3. Motor – Fan motors have built-in automatic
reset thermal overload protection. Motor is
ventilated with unheated air.
4. Service Compartment – Hinged service door
allows easy access to line terminals, fuses,
contactors and transformers.
5. Louvers – Each louver is adjustable for
positive control of discharge air.
6. Housing – Contemporary styling with tough,
durable neutral gray finish resists
corrosion and assures long life.
Bulletin A140B Page 2
7. Thermostat – Optional adjustable built-in
thermostat.
8. Mounting – Recessed fasteners on top and
back of housing for threaded rod hangers
are standard, allowing either horizontal or
vertical airflow. Optional combination ceiling
or wall mounted swivel brackets allow up to
180° adjustment of discharge air direction.
9. Plate Fin Elements – Copper plated steel
tubular elements are brazed to multiple fins
for high strength and heat dissipation.
Elements are protected against corrosion by
high temperature paint. An automatic reset
thermal cutout protects the heater elements.
10. NEMA-12 Terminal Box – Optional on all
BTUs. UL listed through 50 KW units.
energy savers
Thermostatic Fan Switch – Built into each unit,
dissipates residual heat to re-circulate ambient
air until temperature drops to 90° F.
Two Step Control (Available on units of 10Kw
and larger) – Provides smaller KW steps for finer
control and lower operating cost (standard on
some models).
Econowatt – On first call for heat, fan circulates
warm air from ceiling to floor without element
heat; a second call for heat, energizes elements.
Fan continues to circulate residual element heat
after thermostat has been satisfied.
built-in controls
Magnetic Control Contactor – Disconnecting
break contactors are provided as standard
unless heater is single phase and operated by a
load-carrying thermostat.
Sub-circuit Fusing – When heater ampacity
exceeds 48 amps, built-in sub-circuit fuses are
supplied to meet the National Electrical Code.
Fan Delay – Dissipates all residual heat from
elements and re-circulates entering ambient air
until temperature drops to 90° F for maximum
energy conservation.
Motor Over-current Protection – Motor fusing is
built into heaters over 40 amps when the motor
is greater than 1/8 HP. All units incorporating a
step-down transformer to drive the fan motor
have built-in transformer primary fusing.
Control Transformer – 24V control is standard
on BTU models at 480 or 600 volts. May be
optional on all other models.
Disconnect Switch – Optional. Non-fused and
mechanically interlocked with terminal box door
to prevent access unless power is removed.
Meets NEC requirements. UL listed and factory
installed.
SCRs – Provide the finest in electric heat
control. SCR units include back to back SCRs,
solid state firing circuit and aluminum heat sinks.
The heat sink, electrically insulated from live
parts, is mounted outside the terminal box,
maximizing convection cooling. Power and heat
outputs are precisely controlled from zero to
100% in direct proportion to thermostat
requirements. Fan control remains completely
independent. SCRs are UL Listed.
Bulletin A-140B Page 3
Sample Specification
1. Furnish and install Brasch UL listed BTU (2.5 to 50 KW) unit heaters with
voltage, phase, number of steps, heating and air delivery capacities as
scheduled. Units shall be universally suitable for vertical and horizontal
mounting.
2. Unit heater(s) shall be draw-thru design to provide uniform temperature across
heater element and forced air cooling of motor with ambient air.
3. Heater elements shall be corrosion protected, copper plated, steel tubular
sheath elements with elements brazed to fins for maximum strength and heat
transfer. Contactor, where required, shall provide disconnecting line break.
Provide automatic or manual reset thermal cutouts to protect from overtemperature.
4. All motors shall be enclosed, have permanently lubricated bearings and built-in
thermal protection. A separate motor supply circuit shall not be required.
5. All units to have a single supply circuit with fuses as required by NEC for
element and motor protection.
6. Fans shall be aluminum, directly connected to the fan motor. All units shall
have a thermal fan delay switch to prevent blowing of unheated air and to
remove residual heat from cabinet by re-circulating ambient air until
temperature drops to 90° F. for maximum energy savings. An enamel paint
finish shall protect all metal cabinet surfaces.
7. Brackets shall be furnished for wall or ceiling mounting where shown on heater
schedule.
8. Individually adjustable louvers shall be furnished to direct discharge air as
desired. Optional down-flow diffusers shall be provided where shown on
schedule (specify radial, cone or four-way adjustable louver).
9. Thermostat shall be provided where shown on schedule (specify built-in or
remote room thermostat).
10. Other options provided shall include:
• 24 Volt control (where not standard).
• Two step control (where not standard).
• Summer/Winter switch for ventilation only.
• Interlocking, non-fused disconnect switch.
• Heating/Cooling thermostat with fan switch sub-base.
• Night setback thermostat
• Anti-bird screen
• Econowatt energy saving circuit.
• Manual reset thermal cutout (in addition to automatic –consult factory).
• SCR (solid state modulating control).
• NEMA-12 terminal box enclosure. (UL listed through 50 KW).
11. Manufacturer shall provide one year limited warranty against defects in
workmanship or materials.
Bulletin A140-B Page 4
TABLE 1: DIMENSIONS (inches)
KW
A
B
C
D
E
F
H
J
V
W
X
Y
3-10 2.5-20
18 1/2 22 1/4
14
17
11 1/2 15 1/4
7
6
8
6
4
4
26 1/4
26
15
17
6
1
25-50
27 1/4
21
22 1/4
6
12
4
35 1/4
31
16
22 1/2
8 1/2
2 1/2
Refer to figures 5, 6 and 7
PLEASE BE ADVISED: Data shown should not be used for design purposes.
Parts may be substituted for those of equal or greater performance.
Consult factory for certified submittal data.
TABLE 2: SPECIFICATIONS
STANDARD BUILT IN
MOUNTING SHIPPING FIELD
CONTROL FEATURES HEIGHT (FT) WEIGHTS WIRES
OUTLET TEMP
NEC FUSES DISCHARGE
HEATER
c
MOTOR d
e
f
CNTRL
FAN CFM
VELOCITY RISE THROW CONTACTORS VOLTS
LBS KGMS
VOLTS
CU
VOLTS HORIZ VERT
HP AMPS DIA. @70°F
AMPS STEPS
(FPM)
/PH
°F
/PH
(FEET) TRANSFORMER
AWG
208/1
12.0
1
208/1
1/20
0.9 12
350
425
23
13
N/A - N/A - N/A
208
7.5
9
54
24
2-#12
240/1
10.0
1
240/1
1/20
1.1 12
350
425
23
13
N/A - N/A - N/A
240
7.5
9
54
24
2-#14
277/1
9.0
1
277/1
1/20
0.8 12
350
425
23
13
N/A - N/A - N/A
277
7.5
9
54
24
2-#14
208/1
24.0
1
208/1
1/20
0.9 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - N/A - N/A
208
8
10
54
24
2-#10
240/1
21.0
1
240/1
1/20
1.1 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - N/A - N/A
240
8
10
54
24
2-#10
277/1
18.0
1
277/1
1/20
0.8 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - N/A - N/A
277
8
10
54
24
2-#10
208/3
14.0
1
208/3
1/20
0.9 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - 1 - N/A
208
8
10
55
25
3-#12
240/3
12.1
1
240/3
1/20
1.1 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
8
10
55
25
3-#12
480/3
6.0
1
480/1
1/20
0.41 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - 1 - YES
24
8
10
57
26
3-#14
600/3
5.0
1
240/1
1/20
1.00 12
500
625
32
18
N/A - 1 - YES
24
8
10
71
32
3-#14
208/1
36.0
1
208/1
1/20
0.9 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - N/A
208
9
13
55
25
2-#6
240/1
31.0
1
240/1
1/20
1.1 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
9
13
55
25
2-#6
277/1
27.0
1
277/1
1/20
0.8 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - N/A
277
9
13
55
25
2-#8
208/3
21.0
1
208/1
1/20
0.9 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - N/A
208
9
13
55
25
3-#10
240/3
18.0
1
240/1
1/20
1 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
9
13
55
25
3-#10
480/3
9.0
1
480/1
1/20
0.4 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - YES
24
9
13
57
26
3-#14
600/3
7.0
1
240/1
1/20
1.1 12
750
935
32
22
N/A - 1 - YES
24
9
13
71
32
3-#14
240/1
48.0
1
208/1
1/10
1.6 12
870
1090
36
26
N/A - 1 - N/A
208
10
14
60
27
2-#6
240/1
42.0
1
240/1
1/10
1.6 12
870
1090
36
26
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
10
14
60
27
2-#6
208/3
24.1
1
208/1
1/10
1.6 12
870
1090
36
26
N/A - 1 - YES
24
10
14
79
36
3-#8
240/3
24.1
1
240/1
1/10
1.6 12
715
980
44
21
N/A - 1 - YES
24
9
12
42
19
3-#8
480/3
12.1
1
240/1
1/10
0.71 12
715
980
44
21
N/A - 1 - YES
24
9
12
42
19
3-#12
ELECTRICAL ( 60 Hz )
MODEL
NUMBER
KW
BTU-2.5-2081
BTU-2.5-2041
BTU-2.5-2771 *
BTU-5.0-2081
BTU-5.0-2401
BTU-5.0-2771 *
BTU-5.0-2083
BTU-5.0-2403
BTU-5.0-4803
BTU-5.0-6003
BTU-7.5-2081
BTU-7.5-2401
BTU-7.5-2771*
BTU-7.5-2083
BTU-7.5-2403
BTU-7.5-4803
BTU-7.5-6003
BTU-10-2081
BTU-10-2401
BTU-10-2083
BTU-10-2403
BTU-10-4803
2.5
2.5
2.5
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
10.0
BTU
/HR
8550
8550
8550
17100
17100
17100
17100
17100
17100
17100
25650
25650
25650
25650
25650
25650
25650
34200
34200
34200
34200
34200
Bulletin A140-B Page 5
AIRFLOW
* Consult factory for price and availability before ordering 277 Volt Single Phase Unit Heaters
TABLE 2: SPECIFICATIONS
STANDARD BUILT IN
MOUNTING
CONTROL FEATURES HEIGHT (FT)
OUTLET TEMP
NEC FUSES DISCHARGE
HEATER
c
MOTOR d
e
CNTRL
FAN CFM
VELOCITY RISE THROW CONTACTORS VOLTS
VOLTS
VOLTS HORIZ VERT
HP AMPS DIA. @70°F
AMPS STEPS
(FPM)
/PH
°F
/PH
(FEET) TRANSFORMER
600/3
10.0
1
480/1
1/10
1.6 12
715
980
44
21
N/A - 1 - YES
24
9
12
208/3
35.0
1
208/1
1/10
1.6 12
870
1110
46
26
N/A - 1 - N/A
208
10
14
240/3
30.0
1
240/1
1/10
1.6 12
870
1110
46
26
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
10
14
480/3
15.0
1
480/1
1/10
0.71 12
870
1110
46
26
N/A - 1 - YES
24
10
14
600/3
12.0
1
240/1
1/10
1.6 12
870
1110
46
26
N/A - 1 - YES
240
10
14
208/3
42.0
1
208/1
1/4
1.78 12
1250
1575
38
33
N/A - 1 - N/A
208
11
21
240/3
36.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 12
1250
1575
38
33
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
11
21
480/3
18.0
1
480/1
1/4
1.1 12
1250
1575
38
33
N/A - 1 - YES
24
11
21
600/3
14.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 12
1250
1575
38
33
N/A - 1 - YES
24
11
21
208/3
56.0
2
208/1
1/4
1.78 12
1250
1615
51
33
6 - 2 - N/A
208
11
21
240/3
48.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 12
1250
1615
51
33
N/A - 1 - N/A
240
11
21
480/3
24.0
1
480/1
1/4
1.1 12
1250
1615
51
33
N/A - 1 - YES
24
11
21
600/3
19.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 12
1250
1615
51
33
N/A - 1 - YES
24
11
21
208/3
69.0
2
208/1
1/4
1.78 16
2500
1715
32
48
6 - 2 - N/A
208
13
26
240/3
60.0
2
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1715
32
48
6 - 2 - N/A
240
13
26
480/3
30.0
1
480/1
1/4
1.1 16
2500
1715
32
48
N/A - 1 - YES
24
13
26
600/3
24.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1715
32
48
N/A - 1 - YES
24
13
26
208/3
83.0
2
208/1
1/4
1.78 16
2500
1735
38
48
6 - 2 - N/A
208
13
26
240/3
72.0
2
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1735
38
48
6 - 2 - N/A
240
13
26
480/3
36.0
1
480/1
1/4
1.1 16
2500
1735
38
48
N/A - 1 - YES
24
13
26
600/3
29.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1735
38
48
N/A - 1 - YES
24
13
26
208/3
104.0
2
208/1
1/4
1.78 16
2500
1780
48
48
9 - 3 - N/A
208
13
26
240/3
96.0
2
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1790
51
48
6 - 2 - N/A
240
13
26
480/3
48.0
1
480/1
1/4
1.1 16
2500
1790
51
48
N/A - 1 - YES
24
13
26
600/3
37.0
1
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1790
51
48
N/A - 1 - YES
24
13
26
208/3
139.0
2
208/1
1/4
1.78 16
2500
1800
63
48
12 - 4 - N/A
208
13
26
240/3
120.0
2
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1800
63
48
9 - 3 - N/A
240
13
26
480/3
60.0
2
480/1
1/4
1.1 16
2500
1800
63
48
6 - 2 - YES
24
13
26
600/3
48.0
2
240/1
1/4
2.04 16
2500
1800
63
48
N/A - 2 - YES
24
13
26
ELECTRICAL ( 60 Hz )
MODEL
NUMBER
KW
BTU-10-6003
BTU-12.5-2083
BTU-12.5-2403
BTU-12.5-4803
BTU-12.5-6003
BTU-15-2083
BTU-15-2403
BTU-15-4803
BTU-15-6003
BTU-20-2083
BTU-20-2403
BTU-20-4803
BTU-20-6003
BTU-25-2083
BTU-25-2403
BTU-25-4803
BTU-25-6003
BTU-30-2083
BTU-30-2403
BTU-30-4803
BTU-30-6003
BTU-40-2083
BTU-40-2403
BTU-40-4803
BTU-40-6003
BTU-50-2083
BTU-50-2403
BTU-50-4803
BTU-50-6003
10.0
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
15.0
15.0
15.0
15.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
25.0
25.0
25.0
25.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
37.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
BTU
/HR
34200
42750
42750
42750
42750
51300
51300
51300
51300
68400
68400
68400
68400
85500
85500
85500
85500
102600
102600
102600
102600
128250
136800
136800
136800
171000
171000
171000
171000
AIRFLOW
ul listing
how to order
BTU Electric Unit Heaters are UL listed under File No. E61887
Specify:
1. Model Number
2. Accessories
3. Thermostat
Bulletin A140-B Page 6
notes
c
d
e
f
SHIPPING
WEIGHTS
FIELD
WIRES
f
LBS KGMS
CU
AWG
42
19
3-#14
65
29
3-#6
65
29
3-#8
72
32
3-#12
69
31
3-#14
61
28
3-#6
61
28
3-#6
73
33
3-#10
80
36
3-#12
64
29
3-#3
61
28
3-#4
80
36
3-#8
87
39
3-#10
104
47
3-#2
104
47
3-#3
117
53
3-#8
128
58
3-#10
120
55
3-#2
120
55
3-#2
133
60
3-#6
144
65
3-#8
122
55
3-#0
120
55
3-#1
133
60
3-#4
144
65
3-#6
121
58
3-#00
122
55
3-#00
136
61
3-#3
142
66
3-#4
Specifications are subject to change without notice
All one step units 10 KW and larger are optionally available with 2 steps
All motors are 1550 RPM
Throw is the distance air moves until it's velocity reduces to 50 fpm.
Based on 60° ratings. Copper wire only.
application tips
mounting arrangements
Limitations – Unit heaters shall not be used in
potentially explosive atmospheres, nor should
they be located where obstructions might block
air inlet, motor cooling vents or discharge.
Applications – Larger rooms require multi-unit
installations. Arrange units to provide perimeter
air circulation.
Any Brasch unit heater can be mounted in either
a horizontal or vertical discharge position.
Horizontal Discharge – Heaters can be mounted
horizontally using the optional swivel and wall
mounting brackets.
The swivel bracket allows heater to be rotated to
face various directions and can be ordered
separately for use as a ceiling bracket. The wall
mounting bracket provides for minimum spacing
requirements in all directions. A threaded bolt
with lock nut attaches the swivel bracket to the
wall bracket. The wall bracket attaches to the
wall using SAE grade 5, ½-13NC bolts and nuts.
Bolts and nuts are provided as part of the wall
mount and swivel bracket kits. BTUs may also
be mounted horizontally using four ½-13NC
threaded steel rods.
Vertical Discharge – Heaters are mounted
vertically using four threaded steel rods. Four
threaded holes are provided in the heater.
Additional mounting hardware, if required, is
supplied by the installer. See Table 3 for
coverage.
Figure 8
To prevent air stratification, the total CFM
capacity of all units should circulate the room air
volume at least three times per hour.
Unit heaters should be located so their air
streams wipe exposed walls without blowing
directly at them. In multi-unit installations, it is
good practice to locate units so each supports
the air stream of another, thus setting up a
circulatory air movement within the space.
Distance between unit heaters should not be
less than the throw of one heater nor more than
twice its throw; for throw data see Table 2. For
interior spaces and high bay areas, additional
unit heaters mounted vertically can be used. In
warehouse type applications where maintaining
minimum temperatures is the basic requirement,
one or more large unit heaters can be used in
order to reduce initial installation expense.
Figure 9
One unit heater can heat small rooms. Where
two walls are exposed, the heater should be
mounted as shown in figure 9.
For individual spaces, total heating capacity is
calculated in the conventional way, using
formulas in the ASHRAE guide.
When heating capacity for a pedestrian
entryway is unknown, a rule of thumb of 4000
watts per door can be used.
Unit heaters are frequently used to combat cold
air inrush when loading dock doors are opened.
For such applications, one or more units should
be arranged to blow warm air across the
opening, not toward it.
Bulletin A140-B Page 7
Bulletin A140-B Page 8
Accessories for BTU Series Heaters
TABLE 4: TEMPERATURE CONTROL KITS* AND OPTIONS
CAT. NO.
TK-1
TK-11
TK-16
Suffix-FM
Suffix-24
Suffix-2S
Suffix-MR **
Suffix-RC
Suffix-N12A
Suffix-DS
Suffix-SCR
MOUNTING
RANGE
Intergal
40-100 F
Intergal
Sum./Wint.
Intergal
40-100 F
Intergal
Intergal
above 7.5KW
Intergal
Unit Rear
Wall - Remote
Intergal
Intergal
Intergal
DUTY
RATINGS
Line / Pilot 24-277V
Pilot
24-277V
Pilot
24-277V
Low Volt
24V
Two Stage
UL
UL / NEC
Up to 50 KW
*Consult factory or representative for variety of remote thermostats.
FEATURES
SPST Thermostat Kit
Summer Ventilation Override Switch
Econowatt Thermostat Kit - Use with 2 Stage Wall
Factory Mounted Thermostat Kit
Convert 208, 240 or 277V control to 24V
Convert 1 Step Heater to 2 Steps
Add Manual Reset Thermal Cutout
UL listed Remote Control Panel
Dusttight NEMA-12 Terminal Box
Non-fused Interlocking Disconnect Switch
Modulating SCR control (SCR Controls UL Listed)
**Consult factory
TABLE 5: DIFFUSER KITS AND SCREENS
CAT. NO.
CD-1
CD-2
LD-1
LD-2
RD-1
RD-2
AS-1
AS-2
USE WITH
DESCRIPTION
UP to 20KW Diffuser Kit, Cone Type for Vertical Discharge
From 25-50KW Diffuser Kit, Cone Type for Vertical Discharge
UP to 20KW Diffuser Kit, Four-Way Louvers
From 25-50KW Diffuser Kit, Four-Way Louvers
UP to 20KW Diffuser Kit, Radial Type for Vertical Discharge
From 25-50KW Diffuser Kit, Radial Type for Vertical Discharge
UP to 20KW Anti-Bird Screen, Meets OSHA requirements, Factory Mounted
From 25-50KW Anti-Bird Screen, Meets OSHA requirements, Factory Mounted
TABLE 6: MOUNTING HARDWARE KITS
CAT. NO.
USE WITH
WB-1
BTU
SB-1
BTU
TR-1
BTU
Bulletin A140-B Page 9
DESCRIPTION
Wall Mount Assembly Kit for Horizontal Discharge - Wall and swivel Brackets
Ceiling Mount Swivel Bracket Kit for Horizontal Discharge
Rod Hanger Kit - Four 1/2"-13x24" Threaded Rods
Limited Warranty
All Brasch Manufacturing Company, Inc. products
covered in this bulletin are warranted against defects in
workmanship and materials for one year from date of
purchase. This warranty does not apply to damage from
accident, misuse or alteration; nor where the connected
voltage is more than 5% above product nameplate
voltage; nor to equipment improperly installed or wired
or maintained in violation of installation instructions. This
warranty is valid only in the fifty states of the United
States. No other written or oral warranty applies. No
employee, agent, dealer or other person is authorized to
extend warranty on behalf of Brasch Manufacturing
Company.
The customer shall be responsible for all costs incurred
in the removal or reinstallation and shipping of the
product for repairs. Inoperative units should be returned
to Brasch, attention of Service Manager for repair or
replacement at our option. Product will be returned
freight prepaid. Repair or replacement is the exclusive
remedy available from Brasch who is not liable for
damages
of
any
kind,
including
incidental
or
consequential damage.23
2310 Millpark Drive
Maryland Heights, Missouri 63043
314.291.0440 • Fax 314.291.0646
e-mail sales@braschmfg.com • www.braschmfg.com
©Brasch Manufacturing Company, Inc.
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