Automatic Mobile Phone Usage Prevention While Driving Using

Automatic Mobile Phone Usage Prevention While Driving Using
IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
www.ijreat.org
Automatic Mobile Phone Usage Prevention While
Driving Using GSM Technology
Anjali Sarath1, Ancymon S2, Anil Varghese3,Anand N.V4,
Krishnachandran R5, Janahanlal P. S6
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Electronics and Communication and Engineering, MG University, Matha College of Technology, Ernakulam, Kerala,
India
Abstract
Using a mobile phone while driving can affect the cognitive
functions of a person; distract his or her visual concentration and
also the speed of processing information. No matter how many
times our elders told about the ill-effects of using cell phones
while driving ,but how many of us have taken their advises
seriously. It is one of the major reasons for number of accident
that are happening nowadays. Usage of cell phone is increasing,
risk associated with usage of mobile phone while driving causes
road accidents. According to Indian National Crime Records
Bureau at least 14 people dies every hour in road accidents.
Records prove that increase in accidents is due to mobile phone.
In order, to overcome this issue, we are introducing a system
which helps in reducing the mobile accidents.
Keywords: Mobile phone, GPS, GSM, sim, vehicle.
1. INTRODUCTION
Mobile phones can be an essential means of
communication when we are away from the office or home
and it can be an important security asset in the event of an
emergency. However, there is a considerable concern that
using a mobile phone while driving creates a significant
accident risk to the user and to the other people on the
road, because it distracts the driver, impairs their control of
the vehicle and reduces their awareness of what is
happening on the road around them. There are two types of
distraction .They include Physical distraction (visual and
mechanical) Cognitive distraction. To reduce the risk and
accident due to mobile phone usage while driving we are
developing a model to prevent the usage of mobile phone
during driving. The system allows the call if it is
emergency only, and when the call is attended the speed is
automatically reduced and to show the vehicle is reducing
the speed a backlight is provided. In school and hospital
zone the speed of the vehicle is automatically reduced.
Accident is detected using pressure sensor and using GPS
the position of the vehicle is detected and message is sent
to prestored number using GSM technology. The system
also highlights the vehicle theft that is when vehicle is lost
the driver can send message to the system’s
microcontroller to ‘STOP THE VEHICLE’. The vehicle
will be stopped. Thus the accident due to mobile phone
will be reduced to a large extent.
2. RELATED WORKS
Frederic Bauchot, Gerard Marmigere ,Secondo ” System
For Controlling Wireless Communications From A
Moving Vehicle ”10/978,721., (nov.1, 2004): The present
invention is directed to a system for controlling, in a
moving vehicle, wireless communications between a local
and a remote party and more particularly to prevent any
conversation in vehicles travelling above a predefined
speed without cutting off wireless communication. If a
wireless communication is detected and if the vehicle
speed exceeds a first predefined speed limit, the wireless
communication is suspended. When the vehicle speed
decreases below a second predefined speed limit, the
suspended wireless communication is re-established. The
system comprises a wireless communication manager unit
connected to both a conventional mobile communication
system and a conventional free hand kit, the free hand kit
being also connected to mobile communication system.
Yu-Fu-Fan,Hsin-Chu(TW), In-Ga Chiu, Tao Yuan Hsien
(TW), 10/707, 516,US patent (dec.19,2003) “Method for
automatically switching a profile of mobile phone”: A
method for automatically switching a profile of a mobile
phone includes measuring a current environmental noise
value of ambient noise surrounding the mobile phone. The
current environmental noise value is then compared to a
predetermined noise value, and a noise difference is
calculated. Next, the profile of the mobile phone is
switched based on the value of the noise difference.
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
www.ijreat.org
phone is switched based on the value of the noise
3. PROBLEM DOMAIN
difference of the mobile phone.
In this we Propose a concept for overcome this, it consists
Enhanced system receives calls which are only emergency
of two devices former the vehicle section once we start the
calls. Under this condition the speed of the vehicle is
ignition the RF signal transfer’s from the vehicle to
measured continuously using a speed sensor. It is a
mobile immediately it changes to driving mode. If mobile
counting sensor. The speed is determined by counting the
receives the call, it attends and gives the voice information,
number of pulses over a fixed period of time. Once our
if the call is emergency only means it will inform the driver
application gets any incoming call event it starts the
through ringing. This Project designed with
following process to make user uninterrupted while driving
GSM
based on various conditions. First the application checks
for driving profile (i.e., the calls are diverted to a GSM
Microcontroller
module). If driving profile is disabled then all incoming
calls will be allowed. Otherwise it will again check
RS232
whether it is an emergency call once the speed is above
threshold value. If it is an emergency call, application
RF Technology
allows that call. Otherwise disconnect that call and sends a
message to the calling party that user is driving. Thus
GPS
incoming call can be detected.
Radio Fencing
4.2 TECHNICAL MOTIVATION
GSM Modem is interfaced with the microcontroller
through RS232 converter. RS232 converter is used to
This system save life by helping the drivers get medical
convert RS232 logic to TTL logic vice versa because GPS
treatment on time. The accelerometer is connected with
receiver is the RS232 logic and microcontroller is the TTL
microcontroller and is placed in the vehicle. If any accident
logic. Here the microcontroller is the flash type
occurs, the vibration sensor senses the vibration level and
reprogrammable microcontroller in which we have already
if it exceeds the threshold limit the system will consider
programmed. Then dialing information signal is
that there is an occurrence of accident in that particular
transmitted through GSM network or mobile. Global
location and it will indicate the controller. The controller
Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite
will in turn transmit the message to the Emergency
navigation system that provides location and time
Medical Service and to the family member through GSM
information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near
technology. The message will contain the details of vehicle
the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to
number, place of accident which was gathered using GPS.
four or more GPS satellites. The system provides critical
The function of Global Positioning System (GPS) is the
capabilities to military, civil and commercial users around
most promising technology to acquire the position
the world. It is maintained by the United States
information in outdoor environments. If an accident occurs
government and is freely accessible to anyone with a GPS
the vibration sensor senses the vibration level and if it
receiver. Radio fencing is a method where providing a
exceeds the threshold limit, the system will consider that
transmitter at restricted areas and when it enters the signal
there is an occurrence of accident in that particular
is detected.
location. So accident detection is done.
4. MOTIVATION
5. PROBLEM DEFINITION AND
STATEMENT
4.1 REAL LIFE MOTIVATION
In the previous related paper the paper [2] only describes
that mobile phone includes measuring a current
environmental noise value and ambient noise value of
surrounding. The current environmental noise value is then
compared to a predetermined noise value, and a noise
difference is calculated. Next, the profile of the mobile
We proposed a safest application which will significantly
reduce the risk of mobile phone accident at the same time
the user don’t have any stress on missing emergency calls.
The system is compact and is aimed to be installed in the
dash board section of the car.
The system comprises of cooperative components of a
Microcontroller unit (MCU), GSM/GPS module, Speed
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
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The block consists of a GSM module connected
sensor, Vibration sensor, LCD display (16x2) and an
with a buzzer, speaker, and a MIC. This it act as a
Alarm unit. A high performance 16 bits MCU is used to
modem in simple a mobile phone.
process and store real-time signal from the accelerometer.
System proves to be very cost effective and efficient,
It includes GPS, microcontroller, a speed sensor
highly reliable (as it requires no costly software to be
and a driver.
installed or costly hand set); Reduces the risk involved in
mobile accidents significantly at the same time reduces the
It also includes two relays.
economic losses by ¼. The vehicle which is undergone to
an accident can be identified by using tracking technology
without any delay. Immediate medication will be provided
to accident victims in remote areas.
Signal when received
transmitter.
to
GSM
from the
It transmits the signal as call and is given to relay.
Muting Mobile, Voice Mail Converter is the main ways by
which we reduce the accidents. Although various rules and
measures are placed on mobile phone usage, still it’s
highly impractical to prevent these types of events. In
order to overcome this serious issue, we developed an
application which helps in reducing the mobile accidents.
Problem addresses
the situation when a parent is
permitted to receive three calls from home or office. When
the third call is allowed to call through to the driver who
can attend the calls, device permits and allows the call
which is mounted inside the car near the driver. Besides
the work also relates to possibility of a message which is
predefined message in the event of an emergency such as
an accident .GPS system messages the location coordinates
to the prestored phone numbers.
6. PROBLEM CAPTURE
Relay controls the GPS and GSM.
If the speed is low then the signal is given to
microcontroller.
Microcontroller is programmed in such a way that
the emergency calls are only received.
Using speed sensor speed is detected and is
measured using speedometer and if an accident
occurs correspondingly inside the microcontroller
it is programmed to send a message to nearby
police station and to a family member number.
When speed is low only microcontroller provides
an indicator such that vehicles coming in the back
can divert the direction of travel.
It reduces the speed in each zonal area such as
school, hospital. If the speed is low the vehicle
moves otherwise the engine stops and vehicle
stops.
It also acts as an anti-theft system.
Buzzer-A buzzer or beeper is an audio signaling
device,
which
may
be mechanical,
electromechanical or piezoelectric. Typical uses
of
buzzers
and
beepers
include alarm
devices, timers and confirmation of user input
such as a mouse click or keystroke.
Fig. 1.Block diagram of automatic mobile phone usage while driving
using GSM technology
GSM- GSM Modem is interfaced with the
microcontroller through RS232 converter. RS232
converter is used to convert RS232 logic to TTL
logic vice versa because GPS receiver is the
RS232 logic and microcontroller is the TTL logic.
Here the microcontroller is the flash type
reprogrammable microcontroller in which we
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
www.ijreat.org
have already programmed. Information signal is
Transmitter- It is an electronic device which,
transmitted through GSM network or mobile.
when connected to an antenna, produces
an electromagnetic signal such as in radio and
GPS- Global Positioning System (GPS) is a
television broadcasting.
space-based satellite
navigation system
that
Receiver- A device, such as a part of a radio,
provides location and time information in all
television set, or telephone, that receives
weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth
incoming radio signals and converts them to
where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four
perceptible forms, such as sound or light.
or more GPS satellites. The system provides
Backlight-is a flat panel display.A type of
critical capabilities to military, civil and
spotlight, used in photography, which illuminates
commercial users around the world. It is
a subject from behind audio output that can be
maintained by the United States government and
heard by the listener.
is freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.
Speaker-Speakers are one of the most
MIC-An instrument that converts sound waves
common
output devices used with computer
into an electric current, usually fed into an
systems. The purpose of speakers is to produce
amplifier, a recorder or a broadcast transmitter.
audio output that can be heard by the listener.
Relay-It is an electrically operated switch. Relays
are used where it is necessary to control a circuit
by a low –power signal.
7. ALGORITHM
Microcontroller-The AVR is a modified Havard
architecture
8–bit
RISC
single
chip
microcontroller which was developed in 1996.
This is used as on-chip flash memory for program
storage.
Pressure Sensor-It measures pressure, typically of
gases or liquids. It acts as a transducer, which
generates a signal as a function of the pressure
imposed.
Speedometer- Speedometer is a gauge that
measures and displays the instantaneous speed of
a land vehicle. Speedometers for other vehicles
have specific names and use other means of
sensing speed.
Speed sensor- Used to detect the speed of an
object, usually a transport vehicle
Device driver- It is a computer program that
operates or controls a particular type of device
that is attached to a computer. A driver typically
communicates with the device through the
computer bus or communications subsystem to
which the hardware connects.
Spark plug- It is a device for delivering electric
current from an ignition system to the combustion
chamber of a spark ignition engine to ignite the
compressed fuel mixture by an electric spark.
Engine- It is a machine designed to convert
Fig .2 Flowchart
energy into useful mechanical motion.
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
www.ijreat.org
7805 is a regulator where 12V is converted to 5V.The 5 V
USART, ADC AND PORT are initialized. USART is
is given to the whole circuit. There is a transistor and
initialized for GSM to send the message. ADC is
receiver to detect the incoming call. The GSM and GPS
initialized to read the speed of the
vehicle. Port is
are controlled by relay. Relay used is SPD.
initialized to activate relay. After initialization, call is
being waited. If the call is not coming the USART, ADC
Speedometer is used to read the speed of the vehicle.
and PORT are initialized again. The call is being
Pressure sensor is used to detect the variation of pressure
which where accident is 7805 is a regulator where 12V is
introduced only if the speed is below the threshold value.
converted to 5V.Relay has contacts NC, NO, COM as
After attending the call the call is disconnected after the
connections. When NC has no contact no message is sent.
speech process and again the ADC, PORT, USART are
When NC and NO in contact GPS is being activated.
again it is initialized. If the speed is higher than the
Output is given to opamp and this is given to
threshold value the call is rejected. A call is being
microcontroller and corresponding output is obtained.
initialized if and only if the counter value reaches three
LED provides backlight which indicates speed is reduced
(Emergency call). If the counter value is less than three a
while driver attends the call. Coil connected to power
message is send to the called party notifying the driver is
supply controls the relay and makes the engine off when
busy. And the process is continued so on.
speed is high in zonal areas such as school or hospital.
8. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
9. RANGE OF INPUT AND OUTPUT
Fig.3 Circuit diagram
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
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period else message is sent to the numbers. If call is
INPUT
RECIEVER
(FT8301A)
PRESSURE
SENSOR
(VANET)
10oKm to
300 Km
ATmega8(1
.8V-5.5V)
OUTPU
T
PROCESS
2Km
distance is
measured.
Speed is measured
using speedometer.
If speed is more
then
microcontroller is
programmed
in
such a way that
using spark plug
the engine is made
off. If speed is low
then vehicle moves
normally.
ACCIDENT
IS
DETECTE
D
CONTROL
LED
SPEED
Pressure
sensor
senses the pressure,
the output of sensor
is given to Opamp.
Opamp
has
a
inverting and non –
inverting terminal.
This gives voltage.
This is given to
microcontroller.
There will be two
outputs logic high
and logic low. If
logic high it means
accident
is
detected. If it is
logic low normally
the vehicle moves.
Call is attended.
Accident
and
position
is
detected. Message
is send.
TRANSMITTE
R(ZIGBEE)
RANGE:
10
TO
100
METERS AT
A
FREQUENCY
IN
2.4GHz
range
DECTEC
T
THE
VEHICLE
This is kept in zonal
areas such as school or
hospital. To detect the
presence of vehicle.
GSM(SIM 300)
FREQUENCY
RANGE: MHz
RANGE
MESSAG
E
When an accident
occurs the GSM sends
the message to the
prestored numbers.
For emergency call
originating
from
outside the driver
should attend the call.
Emergency call is
identified within 5
minutes calls are made
from the same number.
For all other calls other
than emergency an
automatic message is
send to the caller
intimating that driver is
driving.
For an ordinary call
message is send.
GPS(SKYTRA
K)
DETECTS
POSITIO
N
OF
ACCIDEN
T
When an accident
occurs to the vehicle
message is sent to the
prestored numbers.
POWER
SUPPLY(7805)
5V
Using regulator 12V to
5V and this 5V is
given to the circuit.
10. RESULTS
Automatic mobile phone usage prevention using GSM
technology is a key in reduction of accidents. Call is
attended only if it is a emergency call under the time
attended then the backlight enables the drivers of other
vehicles to divert and move. Using the transmitter the
speed is reduced in the school and hospital zone. Hence
noise and other factors are reduced in this zone. Using
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
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school and hospital zone. If speed is more the engine is
pressure sensor accidents are detected and enabling GPS
the position is detected and to the prestored number
made off. System acts as an anti-theft system. The system
message is sent using GSM. If the vehicle is being lost by
realizes accident using pressure sensor and location of
anyways it can also be recovered using GPS. The position
accident is detected by GPS and position is send to the
can be obtained and by sending message the vehicle is
prestored number.
stopped. Hence vehicle can be recovered. These all are
applications which were developed in the system.
12. COMPARISON OF RESULT
The previous related paper “Method for automatically
switching a profile of mobile phone” includes measuring a
current environmental noise value of ambient noise
surrounding the mobile phone. The current environmental
noise value is then compared to a predetermined noise
value, and a noise difference is calculated. Next, the
profile of the mobile phone is switched based on the value
of the noise difference.
11. ANALYSIS OF RESULT
The problem domain of the system is valuated and
correspondingly the output is obtained. The user attends
only the emergency call. The message is send to the calling
party that user is driving. When a call of three times is
made by calling party the call is attended by the user. The
call is prescribed under a time of five minute. If the calling
party denies to call the user second time under this time
duration the first call is discarded and calling party have to
call another three times to make the user attend the call. At
first two calls the message is sent to the calling party that
user is driving. The third call is attended by the user. At
this time speed of the vehicle is reduced automatically and
a backlight is provided for other vehicles to understand
that user is stopping the vehicle. So other vehicles can
divert the direction of travelling. This calling pattern
occurs when user is moving in a speed more than the
threshold value. If user is moving in a speed less than
threshold value the call is attended automatically and
backlight is provided. Moreover the system provides few
applications such as: it reduces the speed automatically in
The work explains that the phone doesn’t switch the modes
according to surrounding condition. The calls can be
diverted to the module in the vehicle. The module detects
only the emergency call. Hence no calls are missed out.
Moreover the system detects accidents and messages the
position to the prestored numbers, the speed of the vehicle
is automatically reduced in the school and hospital zone.
This is a great advantage to reduce the speed. A backlight
is provided to system when call is attended to make realize
other vehicles that the vehicle is stopping so the other
vehicles can divert direction. It also provides protection
against theft and other damages. Hence the system is a
great advantage to the society.
13. FUTUREWORK AND CONCLUSION
It can also provide Bluetooth device for calling other than
connected phone system. In future, missed call message
can be displayed using an LCD. These two are the future
enhancement of the system. The system works successfully.
Under higher speed, calls are attended under the condition.
Hence the accidents are reduced. And if the speed is less,
the call is attended automatically. To ensure other vehicles
that user is stopping the vehicle a backlight is indicated. So
other vehicles can divert the direction of travelling. The
system detects accidents and send message to the prestored
number. If the speed of the vehicle in school and hospital
zone is greater than threshold value then the engine is
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IJREAT International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 2, Issue 2, Apr-May, 2014
ISSN: 2320 – 8791 (Impact Factor: 1.479)
www.ijreat.org
made off. Hence noise pollution and accidents are reduced.
The system acts as an antitheft system. Hence the project is
a productive system to the automobile industry.
REFERENCES
[1] A fast method of hands free design technique for
adaptive mobile communication system. S.Mohanram,
B.Aarthi, C.Silambarasan, T.Joyce Selva Hephzibah.
[2]Cell Phone Usage While Driving Avoidance with GSMRF Based Accident Emergency Alert System Prof. Abhay
P. Bagade Assistant Professor, Deptt. Of E & T Engg.,
B. D. College of Engineering, Sevagram, Maharashtra,
India.
[3]H.Abdul Shabeer, Dr.R.S.D Wahida Banu.“ An
Analysis, Design and Precautionary Measure for Mobile
Phone Accidents while Driving and Cost-Effective
Fatalities”. 978-1-4577-0787-2//11/2011 IEEE.
[4]Yu-Fu-Fan,Hsin-Chu(TW), In-Ga Chiu, Tao Yuan
Hsien(TW), 10/707, 516,US patent
(dec.19,2003)“Method for automatically switching a
profile of mobile phone.”
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