Using Multiple-Channel Power Supplies for Maximum Flexibility

Using Multiple-Channel Power Supplies for Maximum Flexibility
Application Overview:
Using Multiple-Channel Power Supplies for Maximum Flexibility
Multiple-Channel DC Power Supplies
Most devices require multiple DC power supplies operating at different
voltages to power all the analog and digital circuit sub systems. During
development and testing, a number of single-channel power supplies can
be used to power up each circuit section. Alternatively, a multiple-channel
power supply could meet all your requirements and reduce the number of
instruments needed. A single power supply will also take up less precious
bench space or test rack space.
With Keithley multi-channel power supplies, there are no compromises
compared with using two or more single-channel supplies. All the channels
in Keithley multiple-channel power supplies can be controlled independently
and are isolated just as if they were individual supplies. Each channel’s
output is programmable, and each channel’s voltage output and load current
measurements are displayed simultaneously. Furthermore, each channel
has remote sensing to ensure that the required voltage is accurately applied
to the load. When a number of supplies are needed, consider the flexibility
and convenience of a multi-channel power supply.
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© 2013 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Test Devices with Isolated Circuitry
Test Bipolar Circuits
Circuits will often need to be isolated from each other on separate
ground systems such as circuits used in medical devices that
contact the human body, or that must measure a signal in a noisy
environment, or that must transmit a signal over a distance,
Even though the channels of a multi-channel supply are unipolar,
they can be configured to power a bipolar circuit. Since the channels
are isolated, they can be setup such that one circuit is a positive supply
and the second output is a negative supply relative to the positive
supply. Thus, the circuit-under-test can be tested over the range of
supply voltages over which it is specified to operate.
The only way to test the device’s isolated circuitry is to power
the circuits with isolated power supplies. A multi-channel power
supply whose channels are all isolated provides an effective,
cost-efficient solution for powering the circuits and keeping
them properly isolated.
Powering Isolated Circuits
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Keithley’s multi-channel power supplies have a tracking feature
so that the voltages from the “positive” and “negative” supply
channels can change at the same time. Thus, the magnitudes
of the voltages on each channel can be the same values.
CH1 and CH2 Voltage Outputs Change
Simultaneously in Tracking Mode
© 2013 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Increase the Output Voltage and Current Capacity with Series and Parallel Channels
With multiple, isolated channels in one supply, channels can be combined in either series or parallel to increase the voltage or current
output when greater than 30V or 1.5A is needed. The Keithley Series 2200 and 2230 multi-channel power supplies have special
display modes that show the total output of the combined channels. This eliminates any confusion on what the actual output is since
the outputs of the two channels do not have to be manually monitored and added. The Series 2220 and 2230 power supplies perform
all the adjustments for the two channels. One control adjusts the total output without having to adjust each channel individually.
Doubling the Output Voltage Capacity up to 60V
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Doubling the Output Current Capacity up to 3A
© 2013 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
Power Up Circuits in the Proper Sequence
Know the Voltage at the Load at All Times
Digital board designs often have circuit blocks that operate at
different voltages. When testing these circuit blocks with external
power supplies, it is important to power the circuits in the correct
order to avoid stressing and damaging the low voltage circuit
blocks. The Keithley Series 2220 and 2230 multi-channel
power supplies allow independent control of each channel.
Rather than requiring three separate power supplies, the Keithley
multi-channel supplies can turn on each channel in a desired
sequence.
Test leads have resistance and can be modeled at DC as a
resistor. Thus, some voltage can be dropped across the test leads,
and the voltage drop can become significant at higher currents.
So what is the voltage at the load?
For example: With the triple-channel Model 2230G-30-1, channel
1 can output 1.2V to power a microprocessor core and FPGA circuit
block, then channel 2 can power up to 1.8V DDR memory circuits,
and, finally, channel 3 can output 3.3V for an I/O section. In a similar
fashion, the circuits can be turned off in the appropriate order of
highest voltage circuit first and the lowest voltage circuit last.
Turn On Circuits in the Appropriate Sequence:
Lowest voltage circuit first and the highest voltage circuit last.
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VLoad = = VProgrammed – 2*ILoad*RLead.
If the power supply only has a two-wire output, then it is controlling the
voltage at its output terminals. The voltage at the load will be lower than
the programmed voltage. The Keithley Series 2220 and 2230 power
supplies solve that problem by having four-wire remote sensing on all
channels. With remote sensing, the power supply feedback loop is
monitoring the voltage at the load. The feedback loop causes the output
voltage to rise to overcome the voltage drop in the source leads. Thus,
remote sensing ensures that the programmed voltage is accurately
delivered to the load. For maximum accuracy, use remote sensing
to ensure that you know the voltage at the load at all times.
Using Remote Sense Connections on Two Channels
© 2013 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
New Series 2220G and 2230G
Multi-Channel Programmable DC Power Supplies
Feature
Dual-Channel Power Supplies
Triple-Channel Power Supplies
2220-30-1, 2220J-30-1,
2220G-30-1, 2220GJ-30-1
2230-30-1, 2230J-30-1,
2230G-30-1, 2230GJ-30-1
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Max output voltage
Ch1 (30V) Ch2 (30V)
Ch1 (30V) Ch2 (30V) Ch3 (6V)
Max output current
Ch1 (1.5A) Ch2 (1.5A)
Ch1 (1.5A) Ch2 (1.5A) Ch3 (5A)
Power
Ch1, Ch2 (45W each);
90W total
Ch1, Ch2 (45W each);
Ch3 (30W); 120W total
Model
Channels
Ripple and noise
<1mVRMS, <3mV P-P
Resolution
1mV, 1mA
Voltage accuracy
0.03%
Current accuracy
0.1%
Interface
Special features
USB-TMC Interface (All versions); GPIB Interface (with “G” versions)
All channels are isolated from each other; each channel can be independently
turned on and off; all channel outputs are displayed simultaneously; two 30V
channels can track each other; two 30V channels can be connected either in series
or in parallel to deliver up to 60V or 3A.
Note: “J” versions operate at 100VAC nominal input voltage.
Non–”J” versions operate at 120VAC/240VAC nominal input voltage.
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© 2013 Keithley Instruments, Inc.
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