Installation in a Positive- grounded Battery System
Installation in a Positivegrounded Battery System
Technical Note
Xantrex™ XW Series
Solar Charge
Controller
976-0262-01-01 Rev. A
THIS TECHNICAL NOTE IS IN ADDITION TO, AND INCORPORATES BY REFERENCE, THE
RELEVANT PRODUCT MANUALS FOR THE SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC XANTREX XW SERIES
SOLAR CHARGE CONTROLLER. BEFORE REVIEWING THIS TECHNICAL NOTE YOU MUST
READ THE PRODUCT MANUALS.
This Technical Note provides the procedure for installing the Xantrex XW Series
Solar Charge Controller in applications that require a negative voltage reference,
such as in telecom applications where the voltage reference is -48 V.
Overview
The Solar Charge Controller’s internal design has a built-in fuse—rated at 1 A,
600 V—which grounds both the PV negative and battery negative conductors
and provides PV ground-fault protection (PVGFP) to the system. To avoid a short
circuit, ground fault protection must be disabled before grounding the positive
battery terminal for negative voltage reference. Disabling the PVGFP circuit in
this way opens the negative-to-ground bond within the unit, allowing for a
positive battery ground connection. If PVGFP is required, install an external
protection circuit that is compatible with a positive-grounded battery system.
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK AND FIRE
PV array terminals and auxiliary terminals must not be grounded in the
installed system.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious
injury.
Because there is no isolation between the battery and the PV array, this positivegrounded battery configuration will bias the PV array terminals and the internal
auxiliary lines to –Batt V with respect to chassis ground. For example, using a
150 VOC PV array and a 60 V battery bank, grounding the positive battery
terminal will make PV(–) sit at -60 V and PV(+) at +90 V. Aux(–) will be biased at
-60 V and Aux(+) at +45 V. These voltage levels on both battery and auxiliary
outputs are considered safe, extra-low voltages and do not present a hazard as
long as the PV terminals are kept floated or ungrounded.
Technical Note
Follow the instructions in the Solar Charge Controller owner’s manual for
connecting the PV array and battery to the unit. Next, follow these steps for a
safe, negative voltage reference connection:
1. Disable the Solar Charge Controller’s internal PVGFP circuit. See “Disabling
the Solar Charge Controller’s Internal PVGFP Circuit” on page 2.
2. Make sure PV array terminals (positive and negative) are ungrounded.
3. Make sure auxiliary terminal lines (positive and negative) are ungrounded.
4. Ground the positive terminal of the battery only.
Disabling the Solar Charge Controller’s Internal PVGFP Circuit
Before grounding the positive battery terminal to obtain a negative reference
voltage, you must disable the Solar Charge Controller’s internal PVGFP circuit.
DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
Disconnect PV and battery circuits before accessing the Solar Charge
Controller’s wiring compartment.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious
injury.
To disable the PVGFP circuit, remove the small jumper connector located on the
circuit board within the wiring compartment of the unit. See Figure 1 for the
jumper location. After removal, the jumper can be stored on a single pin of the 2
pin connector or moved into the location marked for units with a 3-pin connector.
2
976-0262-01-01
Technical Note
Enabled
Disabled
Figure 1 Jumper Location (CE Marked Model)
PV Connection and Auxiliary Lines
WARNING
haz
HAZARD OF FIRE
Do not ground the negative conductor of the auxiliary circuit.
Failure to follow these instructions could result in death or serious
injury.
The PV array must not be grounded in either its positive or negative terminal. Do
not attempt to ground the PV+ terminal to have a common ground with the
battery. A positive ground connection at the PV array will bias both battery and
auxiliary terminals to –PV voltage with respect to chassis ground. This will
present shock hazardous voltages at the battery terminals and the auxiliary lines.
The internal auxiliary connector lines must not be grounded in either their positive
or negative terminal. Grounding the negative terminal of the auxiliary lines will
create a short on the battery side outside the reach of the unit’s over-current
protection.
976-0262-01-01
3
Technical Note
Schneider Electric, the Schneider Electric logo, and Xantrex are trademarks or registered trademarks of the Schneider Electric
group of companies. Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and product names are the property of their respective owners
and are used herein for identification purposes only.
Copyright © October 2010 Xantrex Technology Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced in any form
or disclosed to third parties without the express written consent of:
Xantrex Technology Inc. 161-G South Vasco Road Livermore, California USA 94551
Xantrex Technology Inc. reserves the right to revise this document and to periodically make changes to the content hereof without
obligation or organization of such revisions or changes unless required to do so by prior arrangement.
All warranty, disclaimer and safety information is contained within the primary documentation received with the unit. Unless
specified, safety, installation, operation and specification information is as shown in the primary documentation. Ensure you are
familiar with that information before proceeding.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”)
(A) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS
MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION;
(B) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR EXPENSES, WHETHER SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE
ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK; AND
(C) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS DOCUMENTATION IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH, ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO
MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED XANTREX CONTENT IS CONTAINED WITH
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION WHICH IS POSTED AT www.schneider-electric.com.
Date and Revision
October 2010 Rev. A
Part Number 976-0262-01-01
Contact Information
www.schneider-electric.com
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1 925 245 1022
re.techsupport@schneider-electric.com
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1 650 351 8237
1 866 519 1470
3-phase
1 408 987 6255
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For other country details please contact your local Schneider Electric Sales Representative or visit our website at:
http://www.schneider-electric.com/sites/corporate/en/support/operations/local-operations/local-operations.page
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976-0262-01-01
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