Grader Blades - Behlen Country

Grader Blades - Behlen Country
Grader Blades
Hardware Kit
80900210
THANK YOU FOR PURCHASING THIS PRODUCT
Congratulations on your purchase. Behlen Country has been in the business of providing
quality equipment to landowners for more than 75 years. Our 3-Point Equipment will provide
many years of service when maintained by the operator and used in accordance with the
capabilities of the product. For questions about this product, or for parts inquiries, please
contact our Customer Service Center listed below.
Fixed
Adjustable
STATEMENT OF POLICY
It is the policy of Behlen Country to improve its products where it is possible and practical
to do so. Behlen Country reserves the right to make changes or improvements in design
and construction at any time, without incurring the obligation to make these changes on
previously manufactured units.
CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTER
PO Box 569
Columbus, NE 68602-0569
F-20828-1
TECHNICAL INFORMATION 70157
Ph: 800-447-2751
Fax: (402) 563-7447
www.behlencountry.com
Rev. 12-13-11 1-10-11
Safety
Precautions
SAFETY
READ AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS IN
THIS MANUAL, ESPECIALLY IN THE SAFETY
SECTION. FAILURE TO DO SO COULD
RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Most accidents occur because of neglect or
carelessness. Avoid needless accidents by
following all of the safety precautions listed
below.
THIS SYMBOL MEANS
ATTENTION! BE ON THE ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
• Machinery should be operated only by those
who are responsible and are authorized to do
so.
TAKE NOTE! THIS SAFETY ALERT
SYMBOL IS FOUND THROUGHOUT THIS
MANUAL. THIS SYMBOL IS USED TO CALL
YOUR ATTENTION TO INSTRUCTIONS
CONCERNING YOUR PERSONAL SAFETY
AND THE SAFETY OF OTHERS.
• Stop the engine, lower all equipment, lock the
brakes, and remove the ignition key before
dismounting tractor.
• Never stand between tractor and implement
while tractor is being backed to a hitch. Loose
fitting clothing should not be worn, to avoid
catching on various parts.
CRITICAL TERMS:
The critical terms CAUTION, WARNING, and
DANGER are used with the safety messages in
this manual and with each safety decal. They
are defined as follows:
• Detach implement in an area where children
normally do not play.
CAUTION
• When performing adjustments or maintenance
on an implement, lower it to the ground or
block it securely at a workable height.
CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, CAN result in minor
or moderate injury. It also may be used to alert
against unsafe practices.
• Only a qualified operator should be permitted
on the tractor when in operation; no riders
allowed.
• Make certain everyone is in the clear before
starting tractor or raising / lowering equipment.
WARNING
• Operate the tractor and implement only while
seated in the driver’s seat.
WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in
serious injury or death, and includes hazards
that are exposed when guards are removed.
It may also be used to alert against unsafe
practices.
• Reduce speed when transporting mounted
implements to avoid bouncing and momentary
loss of steering control.
• A heavy load can cause instability of the tractor.
Use extreme caution during road travel. Slow
down on turns and watch for bumps. Tractor
may need front counter-weights to counterbalance the weight of the implement.
DANGER
DANGER: Indicates an immediate hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in
serious injury or death. This Critical Term is
to be limited to the most extreme situations,
typically for machine components that, for
functional purposes, cannot be guarded.
• Reduce speed on hillsides or curves to avoid
possibility of tipping.
• Avoid driving too close to the edge of ditches
or creeks.
• Do not transport implement on public roads
without reflectors and slow moving vehicle
emblem in daylight and with approved warning
F-20829
1
1-10-11
lights at night and other periods of poor
visibility.
with farm machinery and competent in this
equipment’s operation.
• Due to the width of some implements, use extra
caution on highways, farm roads, and when
approaching gates.
• Never exceed the limits of a piece of machinery.
If its ability to do a job, in a safe manner, is in
question - DON’T TRY IT.
• Always be sure the implement is in the proper
position for transporting.
• Use a tractor equipped with a Roll Over
Protective System (ROPS) and seat belts. Only
properly trained people should operate this
machine. Always stop the PTO, set break, shut
off the tractor engine, remove the
tractor key, and allow implement
to come to a complete stop before
dismounting tractor. Never leave
equipment unattended with
tractor running.
• Keep alert and watch the front, as well as the
rear, when working with the implement.
EQUIPMENT
SAFETY
GUIDELINES
BEFORE YOU START!!
• Safety of the operator and bystanders is
one of the main concerns in designing and
developing a Grader Blade. However, every
year accidents occur which could have been
avoided by a few moments of thought and a
more careful approach to handling equipment.
You, the operator, can avoid many accidents by
observing the following precautions and insist
those working with or for you adhere to them.
Read the safety messages on the implement and
as shown in the manual. Observe the rules of
safety and common sense!
• Heed all safety decals and replace any that are
not legible or missing. The locations of such
safety decals are indicated in this manual.
Working with unfamiliar equipment can lead
to careless injuries. Read this manual and
the manual for your tractor before assembly
or operating, to acquaint yourself with
both machines. It is the Owner/Operator’s
responsibility, if this machine is used by any
person other than yourself, or is loaned or rented,
to make certain prior to operating:
Important Safety
Information
• Never operate this equipment while using
alcoholic beverages or drugs that can hinder
alertness or coordination. Consult your doctor
about operating this machine while taking
prescription medications.
1. The operator’s manual is read and
understood.
• Under no circumstances should children under
the age of 18 be allowed to work with or around
this equipment. Do not allow anyone to operate
or assemble this equipment until they have read
this manual and have developed a thorough
understanding of the safety precautions and
operation. Review safety instructions with all
users often.
2. Safety issues are understood and followed,
and proper usage is understood.
The use of this equipment is subject to certain
hazards which cannot be protected against
by mechanical means or product design. All
operators of this equipment must read and
understand this entire manual, paying particular
attention to safety and operating instructions,
prior to use. If there is something in this manual
you do not understand, ask your dealer or
manufacturer, to explain it to you. Improper use
can occur on machines that are loaned out or
rented to someone who has not read the owner’s
• This equipment is dangerous to anyone
unfamiliar with its operation. The owner/
operator is responsible for reading and
following all of the instructions in the manual.
The operator should be a responsible, properly
qualified and physically able person familiar
F-20830
2
1-10-11
manual and is not familiar with a Grader Blade.
Always use two people to handle heavy,
unwieldy components moving the Grader
Blade.
This Grader Blade was designed for
one-man operation from the tractor seat.
Most accidents occur because of neglect
or carelessness. It is the responsibility of the
operator to see that no one is within twenty-five
feet (25’) of the blade when it is in operation. Do
not operate the implement with another person
near, or in contact with, any part of the Grader
Blade. Serious personal injury or death may
result if any attempt is made to assist operation
by hand.
Never place any part of your body
where it would be in danger, if movement
should occur during assembly, operation,
maintenance, repairing, or moving the Grader
Blade.
Never place yourself between the
tractor and Grader Blade while implement
is in operation. When removing, or
adjusting equipment, be sure your body is never
under the blade.
Please remember it is important that you
read and heed the safety decals on the
Grader Blade, and the safety rules set
forth herein. Clean or replace all safety stickers
if they cannot be clearly read and understood.
They are there for your safety as well as the
safety of others. The safe use of this implement
is strictly up to you, the operator.
A heavy load can cause instability of the
tractor. Use extreme care during travel.
Slow down on turns and watch out for
bumps. The tractor may need front counterweights to counter-balance the weight of the
Grader Blade.
Never use alcoholic beverages or
drugs which can hinder alertness
or coordination while operating this
equipment. Consult your doctor about operating
this machine while taking prescription and some
over-the-counter medications.
All things with moving parts are
potentially hazardous. There is no
substitute for a cautious, safety-minded
operator who recognizes potential hazards
and follows reasonable safety practices. The
manufacturer has designed this implement to
be used with all its safety equipment properly
attached, to minimize the chance of accidents.
Study this manual to make sure you have all the
safety equipment attached.
DO NOT ALLOW RIDERS on the Grader
Blade or tractor at any time. There is NO
safe place for any riders. NEVER ALLOW
CHILDREN TO OPERATE OR BE AROUND
BLADE.
When maneuvering close to buildings
or passing through narrow areas, be
sure to allow sufficient clearance for the
implement and tractor. NEVER operate tractor
and implement under trees with low hanging
limbs. Operators can be knocked off tractor and
run over by implement.
Before you operate the Grader
Blade, check over all pins, bolts and
connections to be sure all are securely
in place. Replace any damaged or worn parts
immediately.
Consult local utility companies to
make certain there are no buried gas
lines, electrical cables, etc., in the work
area before beginning operation.
This Grader Blade is only designed for
speeds less than 5 mph. Reduce speed
on rough surfaces.
When the use of hand tools is required
to perform any part of assembly,
installation, adjustment, maintenance,
repairing, removal or moving the blade, be sure
the tools used are designed and recommended
by the tool manufacturer for that specific task.
Blade.
Never replace any bolt with any length
other than what is specified in this
manual. A longer, or protruding fastener
is more likely to grab loose clothing or gloves
which can result in serious injury or death.
Personal protection equipment
including hard hats, safety glasses, safety
shoes, and gloves are recommended
during assembly, installation, operation,
adjustments, maintenance, repairing, removal, or
moving the Grader Blade.
F-20831
Do NOT allow anyone who is not
familiar with the safety rules and
operation instructions to use this Grader
Watch for hidden hazards on the terrain
during operation.
3
1-10-11
INSTRUCTIONS
Turn curves or go up or down hills only
at a low speed and at a gradual steering
angle. Make certain that at least 20%
of the tractor’s weight is on the front wheels to
maintain safe steering. Slow down on rough or
uneven surfaces, and loose gravel.
Tractor Requirements
and Preparation
The Grader Blade is designed to fit Category 1
tractors equipped with a standard 3-Point hitch.
Behlen Country carries sub-compact, standard,
medium and heavy duty adjustable Grader
Blades. Note: Some Category 0 tractors have
very short lift arms or 5/8” diameter (Cat 0) lift
arm ball ends. The Sub-compact Grader Blade
will fit these tractors if equipped with the Cat 0
pull pins. The pins need to be installed on the
inside of the 3-Point frame.
Check that all hardware is properly
installed. Always tighten all bolts to
proper torque. Make sure attachment
is properly secured, adjusted and in good
operating condition.
Where replacement parts are
necessary for periodic maintenance and
servicing, genuine factory replacement
parts must be used to restore your equipment to
original specifications. The manufacturer will not
be responsible for the use of unapproved parts
and/or accessories and the damages that can
result in their use.
Check the tractor’s 3-Point hydraulic lift system.
It should operate up and down smoothly and
have enough power to lift the Grader Blade.
Refer to your tractor’s operators manual or
dealer for any adjustments necessary to
put the 3-Point hydraulic lift system in good
working order. (I & T shop manuals will list most
specifications and adjustment instructions —
available from most farm equipment dealers).
Keep alert and watch the front as
well as the rear when working with
equipment. DO NOT operate close to
ditches or creeks. Be careful to avoid catching
implement on stumps or other immovable
objects.
CAUTION
Make adjustments to implement only
when it is attached to a tractor and
blocked up. Always keep all persons
and children away from area when performing
adjustments, service or maintenance. Worn
edges can seriously affect the Grader Blade’s
operation. Check for wear before each use and
replace as necessary.
A heavy load can cause instability in driving
a tractor. Make sure the front of the tractor
is properly counterbalanced with weights.
Tractor front end ballast may not always
maintain tractor stability if tractor is operated
on rough terrain at high speeds. In such
cases, reduce speed and exercise caution especially around turns. An unstable tractor
could steer badly and possibly tip over,
causing injury or death.
Know your controls and how to stop
your tractor, engine, and implement
quickly in an emergency.
Do not operate the Grader Blade
without checking that all movable parts
are in good working order. Always use
care when operating the Grader Blade.
Mounting
Instructions
1. Back tractor up to the Grader Blade making
sure that the lift arms of tractor are on the outside
of the lift points on the Grader Blade.
2. Slide lifting arms of tractor over lift pins on the
Grader Blade.
3. Use lynch pins (customer supplied) to secure
implement to the tractor.
4. Connect top link (customer supplied) from
F-20832
4
1-10-11
Operation
the tractor to the top center lifting point of the
Grader Blade and insert hitch pin (customer
supplied).
If you have any questions regarding the
proper operation of this Grader Blade,
contact your dealer or the manufacturer.
5. Make any adjustments necessary to level the
blade from side to side. On Adjustable models
change the blade angle as desired.
The Grader Blade is designed for a wide range
of applications: casting, side ditching, leveling,
terracing, bulldozing and snow removal. The
blade may be angled to windrow debris to the
side for removal. It is the responsibility of the
operator to see that no one else is within twentyfive feet (25’) of the tractor when it is started.
CAUTION
When using blade in reverse position, extra
care should be taken not to ram into piles
of dirt or debris. Tractor lift arms and the
Grader Blade are not built to take high impact
loads in this position. Ramming backwards
can also dislodge operator from seat and/or
tractor controls, resulting in serious injury or
death.
• Take tractor out of gear. Shift to “Park” (if
applicable).
• Grader Blade should be level when operating.
• Adjust top link so implement is flat on level
surface.
Preparation
Procedure
• Before operation, make sure all adjustments
have been made to the blade for desired
operation.
• Thoroughly read and understand your
Operator’s Manuals.
• Lower blade to ground and start moving
forward. Your speed will be determined by the
condition of the soil. You may need to use less
or more angle depending on the job.
• Before beginning operation, contact your local
Utility Company to make certain there are no
gas lines, electrical cables, etc., in the work
area.
• Speed of the tractor should not exceed 5 mph.
• When you are turning, lift the unit from the
ground.
• Check for ditches, stumps, holes, or other
obstacles that could cause the tractor to roll.
• Pass diagonally through sharp dips and avoid
sharp drops to prevent “hanging up” the
tractor and blade.
• Be sure tractor tires and rims are in good
condition. Inflate tires to proper air pressure.
• All persons should be at least twenty-five feet
(25’) away during operation. Clear the area of
helpers, bystanders, and especially children.
• Watch for hidden hazards on the terrain during
operation.
DANGER
• Do NOT allow anyone to stand between the
hitch and blade.
DO NOT TAKE A DITCH AT 90° (straight on)!
Always go in at an angle or damage may
occur.
• It is recommended that only tractors with wide
front axles use the Grader Blade. Tricycle front
wheel arrangements are inherently unstable
and can cause rollover accidents.
CAUTION
• Make sure all safety stickers are installed and
in good condition. Replace if damaged.
Before dismounting power unit or performing
any adjustments to the Grader Blade, lower
3-Point hitch and all raised components
to the ground, operate valve levers to
release any hydraulic pressure, set parking
break, stop engine, remove key and allow
implement to come to a complete stop before
• Do NOT allow riders. There is no safe place for
anyone to ride or sit on tractor or implement.
• Check that all equipment is properly installed
and securely attached to the tractor.
F-20833
5
1-10-11
dismounting tractor. Never leave equipment
unattended with tractor running.
This reduces the load movement on the end of
the blade.
It is essential that everyone involved in the
operation, transportation, maintenance,
and storage of this equipment be aware,
concerned, prudent and properly trained in
safety.
The vertical angle of the blade (tilt) is adjusted
by means of the adjustment turnbuckles on the
tractors 3-Point hitch. For the sharpest angle,
lengthen the center link on the tractor as far as
possible. Also, lower the adjustable leveling
turnbuckle as far as possible.
DANGER
Leveling
The blade should be straight across, (i.e. 90° )
to the line of travel of the tractor, in other words
0° horizontal angle. There should be a 0° vertical
angle, the lift arms on the tractor’s 3-Point hitch
should be parallel to the ground.
The moldboard blade is sharp. Exercise
extreme caution when working around or
near the blade. Failure to stay clear of the
blade can result in serious injury.
CAUTION
The cutting pitch of the blade should be the
opposite of that used in the side ditching and
casting, with the cutting edge behind the top
edge of the moldboard. This adjustment is made
with the tractor center link.
Stop power unit and equipment
IMMEDIATELY upon striking an obstruction.
Turn off engine, remove key, inspect,
and repair any damage before resuming
operation. Never leave the seat of the tractor
while engine is engaged.
Terracing
Use a combination of ditching, casting, and
leveling. The first cut is into the hillside in the
ditching position. Continue until the terrace is
at the proper depth, then switch to the casting
position until the terrace width is established. It
may be necessary to use the leveling position to
complete the job.
Adjustable Grader
Blades
Adjustable Grader blades have tilt, angle
and offset capabilities. To make adjustments,
loosen bolts, make the necessary changes,
and retighten all nuts securely. The lift arms
on the tractor can be used for additional
adjustments (see below).
Bulldozing
When bulldozing, the blade is in the reverse
position. Depending on the job, the casting, side
ditching, 0° leveling position may be used. Snow
removal can also be done with the blade in this
position (blade in reverse cutting edge away
from the tractor).
Fixed Grader Blades
Casting
WARNING
The blade should be angled horizontally - only
enough to allow material to slide along it easily.
The vertical angle (tilt) of the blade must be
set to suit conditions. This is controlled by the
lift arm leveling assembly (turnbuckle) on the
tractor 3-Point hitch.
When using blade in a reverse position, use
extra care - DO NOT RAM BLADE into dirt or
snow piles! Tractor lift arms are not equipped
to take high impact loads in this position.
Grading
Side Ditching
Grading is a combination of casting, side
ditching, and leveling. Snow removal can also
be done with the blade in this position.
The horizontal angle should be at its sharpest.
This is obtained by removing the shift pin and
turning the moldboard so that the last hole in
the circle plate is in line with the shift pin hole,
then replace the shift pin. It is suggested that
the blade be set in an offset position and then
use the shorter blade side to be the cutting side.
F-20834
CAUTION
Watch for hidden obstructions, like buried
pipes, rocks, concrete piers or uneven slabs
6
1-10-11
A safe speed should be maintained during
transportation.
of concrete when operating the Grader Blade
as damage to the unit can occur. This is
especially true with snow removal.
Tractor weight ballast may be needed to even
out weight to maintain proper steering.
Do NOT lower unit to pavement, blacktop or
gravel road while transporting. Damage to the
unit can occur.
Maintenance
Before servicing the Grader Blade, engage
the parking break or place the transmission in
“PARK”, shut off tractor, and remove key.
When transporting on roadways always use
a Safety Sign, and drive in a manner to allow
other vehicles to pass you safely.
1. Make certain any safety and instruction decals
are attached to the Grader Blade 3-Point hitch.
If they are lost, damaged, or painted over,
order replacements from Behlen Country at
1-800-447-2751.
CAUTION
When traveling on public roads, whether
at night or during the day, use accessory
light and devices for adequate warning to
operators of other vehicles. Comply with all
federal, state, and local laws.
2. Telescoping parts must be kept clean and
lubricated.
3. Clean unit of dirt and debris to minimize
rusting and wear.
Cleaning And
Storage
4. Keep all shields in place. Order new shields if
damaged or missing.
5. Keep cutting edges sharp. Sharp cutting
edges work easier and better. Check more
often if working in rocky soil conditions.
Blades are reversible. If blade edge becomes
dull, unbolt it, reverse cutting edge and
reattach securely.
After Each Use
Remove large debris such as clumps of dirt,
grass, crop residue, etc. from implement.
Inspect implement and replace worn or damaged
parts
6. Replace any worn or damaged parts
immediately.
Replace any safety decals that are missing or not
readable.
7. Check all bolts and nuts to make sure they are
tight.
Before Extended Storage
Follow cleaning instructions from above.
8. NEVER go underneath equipment. Never
place any part of the body underneath
equipment or between movable parts even
when the engine is turned off. Servicing
this Grader Blade does not require going
underneath.
Wash implement using low-pressure water spray.
Be careful when spraying near scratched or torn
safety decals or near edges of decals as water
spray can peel decals off surface. Spraying near
chipped or scratched paint can also cause paint
to peel more.
Inspect implement for worn or damaged parts
and replace any missing safety stickers.
Transportation
Guidelines
Sand down scratches and edges where paint is
missing and repaint to prevent rust.
Unit should be lifted as high as the tractor
will allow being sure the unit is clear of the
ground when transporting.
Store the unit in a shed or under tarpaulin to
protect from the weather. The blade should be
resting on boards or some other object. Keep out
of soil when storing.
Care should be taken that at least 20% of
tractor weight should be on the front tires.
Store in clean, dry place away from human
activity or livestock.
F-20835
7
1-10-11
Trouble-shooting
Guide
drive. Preferably use tractor of recommended
horsepower. Slow down and use extra care.
PROBLEM: UNABLE TO HOLD LEVEL GRADE
If you have any questions regarding the
proper operation of this Grader Blade contact
your dealer or the manufacturer
Possible Solutions:
• Tractor draft control lifting blade. Set tractor
draft control.
• Soil too hard, use scarifiers.
PROBLEM:
BLADE WILL NOT PENETRATE SOIL
Possible Solutions:
• Cutting edge dull; replace cutting edge.
Grader Blade models available:
• Blade too straight; increase 3-Point hitch top
link length.
80110710ORG - 5’ Sub-Compact Grader Blade angle & reverse
• Soil too hard; loosen soil with scarifiers or disc.
Wait for rain.
80110800YEL - 5’ Medium Duty Grader Blade angle & reverse
80110810YEL - 6’ Medium Duty Grader Blade angle & reverse
PROBLEM:
MOLDBOARD DIGGING IN TOO MUCH
80110820YEL - 7’ Medium Duty Grader Blade angle & reverse
Possible Solutions:
• Blade pitch excessive; shorten top link.
80110900YEL - 5’ Heavy Duty Grader Blade -
• Ground too soft; install skid shoes or wait for
drier soil.
angle, offset, tilt & reverse
80110910YEL - 6’ Heavy Duty Grader Blade angle, offset, tilt & reverse
80110820YEL - 7’ Heavy Duty Grader Blade -
PROBLEM: 3-POINT FRAME BENT
angle, offset, tilt & reverse
Possible Solutions:
• Avoid hitting hidden objects in backfill position
or ramming backwards at high speed into
hard piles of soil. Use slow speed when soil
conditions are unknown.
• Tractor may be too large, use smaller tractor.
Always backfill at slow speed. Preferably use
tractor of recommended horsepower. Slow
down and use extra care.
WARRANTY
This unit carries a 1 year warranty, with the
exception of wear parts. Dated proof of purchase
required on all claims.
PROBLEM: BENT MOLDBOARD
Possible Solutions:
• Small curve is normal from welding; can be
removed but will not affect blade operation.
• Hitting hidden objects; Know soil conditions,
use caution.
• Tractor may be too large, use smaller tractor or
one that is heavy weighted and has four wheel
F-20836
8
1-10-11
2
1
Grader Blade Sub-Compact Parts List
No.
Description
Part No.
Qty
1
5’ Cutting Edge
3018378
1
2
Category 1 Lift Pin
3018352
2
Grader Blade Medium & Heavy Duty Parts List
No.
1
2
F-20837-1
Description
Part No.
Qty
5’ Cutting Edge
3018378
1
6’ Cutting Edge
3018370
1
7’ Cutting Edge
3018380
1
Category 1 Lift Pin
3018352
2
9
Rev. 12-13-11
1-10-11
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