May 16, 1961 M. w. LEE, SR 2,984,171 PRESSURE COOKER AND SMOKE-R Filed July 17, 1957 L 26A 24A 34A 1 20A 38A 36A _ - ' 52A 48A .5014 27A‘I'll It; I 1 I ! 26A 'f' i I m” 24A ' 44A ‘I "'2" l (MA 1 I ATTORN ‘United States Patent 0 ice 1 ,_ 2,984,171 Patented May 16, 1961 2 is circumferentially enlarged adjacent its upper end, as PRESSURE COOKER AND SMOKER at 17, to form an annular shoulder 19. The closure member comprises a lid 20A dome-like in general con ?guration and having a depending ?anged edge 22A co operatingly received within the upper edge portion of the wall 17. The lid 20A is connected to the container 12A Maurice W. Lee, Sr., P.0. Box 188, Boley, Okla. by outwardly projecting vertically slotted co-operatingly Filed July 17, 1957, Ser. No. 672,443 disposed ears 24A and bolt and screw means 26A. A pressure gauge 34A, a pressure relief valve 36A and an 2,984,171 ' 1 Claim. (c1. 99-260) 10 air inlet valve 38A are carried by the lid 20A. The con ventional inlet valve 38A is for the purpose of admitting air, under pressure, into the container when desired. A relatively thin disk-like shield 40A, housing elec trical heating means 42A, is supported by the annular The present invention relates to pressure cooking ves~ 15 shoulder 19 within the container 12A and de?nes an sels, and more particularly to an electrically heated pres upper and a lower compartment. The shield 40A is pro sure cooker. vided with electrical connections or prongs 44A which Pressure cookers are by no means new, but none of the pressure cookers now on the market provide a means for electrically pressure cooking food and simultaneously project outwardly from the side of the shield through 20 permeating the same with wood smoke ?avor. It is therefore the principal object of this invention to provide a cooking vessel containing a heating element and having means incorporated therewith for smoke the wall 17 and are electrically insulated therefrom. The shield 40A is removable from the container for access to the lower portion of the latter. The shield 40A is further provided with a plurality or circumferential series of apertures or openings 66 extending vertically there through for permitting the passage of vapor. The shield ?avoring the foods being cooked. 25 40A is provided with a pair of concentrically disposed Another object is to provide a pressure cooker into upstanding ?anges 46A and 48A forming outer and inner which air may be injected and which will cook the food wells 50A and 52A, respectively, for receiving water and contained therein by dry air under pressure, or by steam a heat activatable ?avoring substance. The central or pressure. inner well or receptacle 52A, formed by the ?ange 48A, A further object is to provide a cooker of this class has one of the openings 66 communicating therewith for which may be used for broiling, baking or browning the permitting smoke to pass into the lower portion of the food stutf under dry air or steam pressure, or both. container while the outer well or receptacle 50A has an An equally important object resides in the fact that, imperforate bottom. by this type of cooker, edibles may be barbecued and per meated with ?avor from a heat activatable ?avoring sub stance while cooking. Still another object resides in providing a convenient A rack 60A is supported within the container 12A in spaced relation with respect to the bottom 14A. Operation means for barbecuing poultry or other similar meats in a more successful manner than by any means presently available. Yet another object is to provide an electrically heated pressure cooker which may be made in small portable sizes for use in a kitchen or near any conventional elec 40 In‘ operation, edibles to be cooked, not shown, are placed upon the rack 60A. The desired amount of water is placed within the well 50A. A selected amount of a heat activatable ?avoring substance is placed within the well 52A. The cover 20A is secured in place and the heating element is connected to a suitable source of elec trical outlet. trical energy. Thereafter, the heat generated vaporizes Yet another object is to provide a pressure cooker of 45 the water and raises the pressure within the container this class which may be used in a conventional manner over an open ?ame, if desired, without any material damage to the device. The present invention accomplishes these and other for cooking the edibles while simultaneously reducing the ?avoring substance to a charcoal state by a process of distillation of its volatile products and a decomposi tion of the remaining organic portions. Smoke thus gen 50 objects by providing an upwardly open container having erated from the heat activated substance tends to pene a bottom and closure means for sealing the open end. trate the foods more thoroughly whiie the latter is under The closure means is equipped with an air inlet valve, a pressure. The cooking time may be shortened by in pressure relief valve and a pressure gauge. A shielded jecting a selected amount of compressed air into the con electrical resistance heating element is supported within tainer through the inlet valve 38A to raise the pressure the container adjacent its upper end portion. Annular therein before the electric current is connected to the upwardly projecting ?anges carried by the heating ele heating element. Obviously the water may be omitted ment shield form upwardly open receptacles for receiv and the foods cooked with relatively dry air, thus result ing water and a heat activatable ?avoring substance. A ing in pressurized baking or broiling. Similarly, foods rack is supported within the container in spaced rela may be “browned” and simultaneously smoke ?avored. tion with respect to the bottom of the container for sup 60 Obviously the invention is susceptible to some change porting edibles to be cooked. or alteration without defeating its practicability, and I Other objects will be apparent from the following de therefore do not wish to be con?ned to the preferred scription when taken in conjunction with the accompany embodiment shown in the drawing and described herein, ing one sheet of drawing, wherein: further than I am limited by the scope of the appended The single ?gure is a vertical cross-sectional view of 65 claim. the device. I claim: Like characters of reference designate like parts in the A pressure cooker, including: a vertically disposed drawing where they occur. upwardly open container having a circumferentially en~ In the drawing: larged upper end portion forming a horizontal annular The reference numeral 10A indicates the device, as a shoulder adjacent but spaced downwardly of the upper whole, comprising an upwardly open container 12A end of said container; a removable cover for sealing the having a closed bottom 14A and having a wall 16A which open end of said container, said cover having an air $3,984,121 inlet valve for injecting air, under higher than atmos pheric pressure, into said container; a relatively thin disk ment. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS like shield removably supported horizontally by said annular shoulder and dividing the interior of said con tainer into an upper and a lower compartment, said shield having parallel upper and lower surfaces and hav ing a circumferential series of apertures extending ver tically therethrough in spaced-apart relation for com munication between said upper and lower compartments; electrical resistance heating element means imbedded 10 within said shield; means for connecting said heating element means to a source of electrical energy; and two concentric upstanding flanges coaxially secured to the upper surface of said shield and forming an outer and an inner upwardly open well, said outer well adapted for receiving and holding a quantity of water, said inner well adapted for receiving a wood ?avoring substance, said shield having a central aperture providing communi A, cation between said inner well and said lower compart 15 1,119,398 1,432,407 1,440,826 1,847,529 2,123,040 Bullot _______________ __ Dec. 1, Mieville _____________ __ Oct. 17, Hager _______________ __ Ian. 2, Harrington __________ __ Mar. 1, Hanak _______________ __ July 5, 1914 1922 1923 1932 1938 2,205,914 Stafford _____________ __ June 25, 1940 2,339,974 2,622,591 Austin _____________ __ Ian. 25, 1944 Bramberry __________ __ Dec. 23, 1952 OTHER REFERENCES lardwood Distillation Industry, Mar. 1947 rev. ed., pub. by USDA. Agriculture Service, Forest Products Lab., Madison, Wisc. Rpt. No. R. 738.
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