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May 16, 1961
M. w. LEE, SR
2,984,171
PRESSURE COOKER AND SMOKE-R
Filed July 17, 1957
L
26A
24A
34A
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20A
38A
36A
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52A 48A .5014 27A‘I'll It;
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44A
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‘United States Patent 0
ice
1
,_
2,984,171
Patented May 16, 1961
2
is circumferentially enlarged adjacent its upper end, as
PRESSURE COOKER AND SMOKER
at 17, to form an annular shoulder 19. The closure
member comprises a lid 20A dome-like in general con
?guration and having a depending ?anged edge 22A co
operatingly received within the upper edge portion of the
wall 17. The lid 20A is connected to the container 12A
Maurice W. Lee, Sr., P.0. Box 188, Boley, Okla.
by outwardly projecting vertically slotted co-operatingly
Filed July 17, 1957, Ser. No. 672,443
disposed ears 24A and bolt and screw means 26A. A
pressure gauge 34A, a pressure relief valve 36A and an
2,984,171
'
1 Claim. (c1. 99-260)
10 air inlet valve 38A are carried by the lid 20A. The con
ventional inlet valve 38A is for the purpose of admitting
air, under pressure, into the container when desired.
A relatively thin disk-like shield 40A, housing elec
trical heating means 42A, is supported by the annular
The present invention relates to pressure cooking ves~ 15 shoulder 19 within the container 12A and de?nes an
sels, and more particularly to an electrically heated pres
upper and a lower compartment. The shield 40A is pro
sure cooker.
vided with electrical connections or prongs 44A which
Pressure cookers are by no means new, but none of
the pressure cookers now on the market provide a means
for electrically pressure cooking food and simultaneously
project outwardly from the side of the shield through
20
permeating the same with wood smoke ?avor.
It is therefore the principal object of this invention
to provide a cooking vessel containing a heating element
and having means incorporated therewith for smoke
the wall 17 and are electrically insulated therefrom. The
shield 40A is removable from the container for access
to the lower portion of the latter. The shield 40A is
further provided with a plurality or circumferential series
of apertures or openings 66 extending vertically there
through for permitting the passage of vapor. The shield
?avoring the foods being cooked.
25
40A is provided with a pair of concentrically disposed
Another object is to provide a pressure cooker into
upstanding ?anges 46A and 48A forming outer and inner
which air may be injected and which will cook the food
wells 50A and 52A, respectively, for receiving water and
contained therein by dry air under pressure, or by steam
a heat activatable ?avoring substance. The central or
pressure.
inner well or receptacle 52A, formed by the ?ange 48A,
A further object is to provide a cooker of this class
has one of the openings 66 communicating therewith for
which may be used for broiling, baking or browning the
permitting smoke to pass into the lower portion of the
food stutf under dry air or steam pressure, or both.
container while the outer well or receptacle 50A has an
An equally important object resides in the fact that,
imperforate bottom.
by this type of cooker, edibles may be barbecued and per
meated with ?avor from a heat activatable ?avoring sub
stance while cooking.
Still another object resides in providing a convenient
A rack 60A is supported within the container 12A in
spaced relation with respect to the bottom 14A.
Operation
means for barbecuing poultry or other similar meats in a
more successful manner than by any means presently
available.
Yet another object is to provide an electrically heated
pressure cooker which may be made in small portable
sizes for use in a kitchen or near any conventional elec
40
In‘ operation, edibles to be cooked, not shown, are
placed upon the rack 60A. The desired amount of
water is placed within the well 50A. A selected amount
of a heat activatable ?avoring substance is placed within
the well 52A. The cover 20A is secured in place and the
heating element is connected to a suitable source of elec
trical outlet.
trical energy. Thereafter, the heat generated vaporizes
Yet another object is to provide a pressure cooker of 45 the water and raises the pressure within the container
this class which may be used in a conventional manner
over an open ?ame, if desired, without any material
damage to the device.
The present invention accomplishes these and other
for cooking the edibles while simultaneously reducing
the ?avoring substance to a charcoal state by a process
of distillation of its volatile products and a decomposi
tion of the remaining organic portions. Smoke thus gen
50
objects by providing an upwardly open container having
erated from the heat activated substance tends to pene
a bottom and closure means for sealing the open end.
trate the foods more thoroughly whiie the latter is under
The closure means is equipped with an air inlet valve, a
pressure. The cooking time may be shortened by in
pressure relief valve and a pressure gauge. A shielded
jecting a selected amount of compressed air into the con
electrical resistance heating element is supported within
tainer through the inlet valve 38A to raise the pressure
the container adjacent its upper end portion. Annular
therein before the electric current is connected to the
upwardly projecting ?anges carried by the heating ele
heating element. Obviously the water may be omitted
ment shield form upwardly open receptacles for receiv
and the foods cooked with relatively dry air, thus result
ing water and a heat activatable ?avoring substance. A
ing in pressurized baking or broiling. Similarly, foods
rack is supported within the container in spaced rela
may be “browned” and simultaneously smoke ?avored.
tion with respect to the bottom of the container for sup 60
Obviously the invention is susceptible to some change
porting edibles to be cooked.
or alteration without defeating its practicability, and I
Other objects will be apparent from the following de
therefore do not wish to be con?ned to the preferred
scription when taken in conjunction with the accompany
embodiment shown in the drawing and described herein,
ing one sheet of drawing, wherein:
further than I am limited by the scope of the appended
The single ?gure is a vertical cross-sectional view of 65 claim.
the device.
I claim:
Like characters of reference designate like parts in the
A pressure cooker, including: a vertically disposed
drawing where they occur.
upwardly open container having a circumferentially en~
In the drawing:
larged upper end portion forming a horizontal annular
The reference numeral 10A indicates the device, as a
shoulder adjacent but spaced downwardly of the upper
whole, comprising an upwardly open container 12A
end of said container; a removable cover for sealing the
having a closed bottom 14A and having a wall 16A which
open end of said container, said cover having an air
$3,984,121
inlet valve for injecting air, under higher than atmos
pheric pressure, into said container; a relatively thin disk
ment.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
like shield removably supported horizontally by said
annular shoulder and dividing the interior of said con
tainer into an upper and a lower compartment, said
shield having parallel upper and lower surfaces and hav
ing a circumferential series of apertures extending ver
tically therethrough in spaced-apart relation for com
munication between said upper and lower compartments;
electrical resistance heating element means imbedded 10
within said shield; means for connecting said heating
element means to a source of electrical energy; and two
concentric upstanding flanges coaxially secured to the
upper surface of said shield and forming an outer and
an inner upwardly open well, said outer well adapted for
receiving and holding a quantity of water, said inner
well adapted for receiving a wood ?avoring substance,
said shield having a central aperture providing communi
A,
cation between said inner well and said lower compart
15
1,119,398
1,432,407
1,440,826
1,847,529
2,123,040
Bullot _______________ __ Dec. 1,
Mieville _____________ __ Oct. 17,
Hager _______________ __ Ian. 2,
Harrington __________ __ Mar. 1,
Hanak _______________ __ July 5,
1914
1922
1923
1932
1938
2,205,914
Stafford _____________ __ June 25, 1940
2,339,974
2,622,591
Austin _____________ __ Ian. 25, 1944
Bramberry __________ __ Dec. 23, 1952
OTHER REFERENCES
lardwood Distillation Industry, Mar. 1947 rev. ed.,
pub. by USDA. Agriculture Service, Forest Products
Lab., Madison, Wisc. Rpt. No. R. 738.
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