M1-ATX - Battery Space

M1-ATX - Battery Space
M1-ATX
6-24V Intelligent Automotive ATX Power Supply
Installation Guide
Version 1.0
P/N M1-ATX-01
Before you start…
Please take a moment and read this manual before you install the M1-ATX in your
vehicle. Often times, rushing into installing the unit can result in serious damage
to your M1-ATX board, computer and probably your car’s electrical system.
The M1-ATX board has several wires that need to be installed in various places.
When installing, always double check the polarity of your wires with a voltmeter.
Avoid using the cigarette plug as a power source, often times the contacts are not
capable of delivering high current to your PC.
1.0 Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the M1-ATX power sequencer / vehicle ATX power supply.
The M1-ATX was designed to work with a wide variety of main boards such as the VIA
mini-ITX motherboards as well as Pentium-M Celeron or full power P4 systems.
1.1 M1-ATX Logic Diagram
Battery
+
GND
Ignition
Amplifier
Enable
+
Reverse and
forward protection
PC ATX
Switch Logic
6-30V DC-DC
ATX PSU
power
SW
MotherBoard
ON/OFF switch
8bit MCU
M1J62
J86
Optional On/OFF switch
J98
J54
LED
1.2 M1-ATX Connection diagram
M2-ATX, top view
Power Input Connectors
J1
Battery + (un-switched battery, positive)
J3
Ignition (switched battery, positive. Can test by connecting it to Battery +)
J4
Battery - (negative)
Controls and Settings
J6
Controls amplifier via remote ON/OFF. Left pin is RMT, Right pin is GND
J8
To motherboard ON/OFF switch
J10
User jumper settings (A,B,C,D)
J9
To external ON/OFF switch (optional, J8 is in parallel with J9)
Power Output Connectors
J2
Optional P4-12V power
J7
ATX power connector (to motherboard)
J5
To LED (optional)
NOTE: “If HARDOFF is set to “never”, M2-ATX will automatically
shut down when battery voltage is below 11.2V for more than 1
minute in order to prevent ‘deep discharge’ situations.
Mode “0” is regular ATX power supply mode, no power sequencing
provided, can be used for non vehicle applications.
Avoid using HARDOFF = Never, can severely discharge your
battery if PC. Suggested modes are: 1, 2, and 4.
1.2 Power challenges in a Vehicle PC
The 5V Standby Problem: One of most difficult tasks of operating a PC in a vehicle is
power consumption while the computer is OFF. Even when your computer is OFF, it will
still consume about 100mA on the 5V rail. All power supplies provide 5VSB (5V standby)
so that the motherboard can issue at least a PSON signal. When the computer is in the
suspend mode, it will consume even more power, because the RAM needs to be
powered at all times.
No matter how big your battery is, it will eventually drain your battery in a matter of days.
M2-ATX User Guide
Page 2
The M2-ATX is addressing these issues by cutting off the 5VSB rail after a pre-defined
amount of time (see jumper chart, HARDOFF). When 5VSB is always active
(HARDOFF=Never), M1-ATX constantly monitors the battery levels. When battery level
drops below 11V for more than one minute, M1-ATX will shut down and re-activate only
when the input voltage is > 11V.
Engine Cranks, under-voltage and over-voltage situations. Another difficult task is
maintaining stable 3.3V, 5V, 12V and -12V power to your PC. While car batteries are
rated at 12V, they actually provide voltages in between 7-11V (engine cranks) or as high
as 80 volts (load dump). Most of the times, your battery will stay at 13.5V (while car is
running) but extra precautions need to take place in order to prevent such situations. M1ATX can operate as low as 6V and as high as 28V while providing strict regulation on all
rails along with input voltage clamping and reverse protection.
Loud amplifier pops when PC starts. If your PC is connected to your car amplifier, you
will hear a loud pop when the computer is first started. The M1-ATX has an ‘anti-thump’
control that will keep your amp OFF while the PC starts. Simply connect J6 to your
amplifier remote control pins to activate the ‘anti-thump’ feature.
2.0 Mode of operation
The M1-ATX performs several timing routines and takes actions as follows:
(NOTE: When all config jumpers are removed, M1-ATX will be in the “dumb PSU mode”,
no ignition timing, no HARDOFF. M1-ATX will send a gratuitous “ON” pulse to the M/B
when power is applied for the first time. Do not connect J8/J9 to the M/B on/off switch if
you don’t want your PC to be started automatically.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Ignition=OFF. Nothing happens. M2-ATX is waiting for ignition signals.
Ignition=ON. M2-ATX waits for 2-3 seconds then turns on the 5Vsb rail. After another second M2-ATX
sends an “ON” signal to the motherboard via the 2 wires connected to the motherboard’s ON/OFF pins.
The motherboard will turn ON and your system should start booting.
Ignition=ON during driving. Your computer will remain ON.
Ignition=OFF. M2-ATX waits for “OFFDELAY” in seconds (see jumper chart on Page 2) and then it turns
the motherboard OFF by sending a signal to the motherboard’s ON/OFF switch. Your computer should
turn off gracefully (shutdown procedure). During this time, power will still be available for your PC to
perform shutdown.
5VSB will still be provided for another “HARDOFF” seconds (see jumper chart). In the event where the
shutdown process is longer than “OFFDELAY” (windows gets frozen, etc), power will be shut down hard,
turning off all power rails. If “HARDOFF” is set to ‘NEVER”, the PSU will always provide 5VSB, therefore
the PC can also be used in the SLEEP mode. During the HARDOFF procedure, the battery levels will be
constantly monitored to prevent deep discharge situations.
M1-ATX will go to step 1, if ignition is tuned ON again.
3.0 Troubleshooting
a) Motherboard is not turning ON.
M2-ATX User Guide
Page 3
Check input cables. Measure voltage on the un-switched 12V. You should get about 12V. Measure the un-switched pin
(red) while turning the car ON/OFF. You should see 12V (car on) or 0V (car off).
b) Motherboard is not turning ON (cont).
Check your output cables. Ensure total system power consumption does not exceed the M2-ATX specifications.
c) Motherboard is not turning ON (cont).
Make sure that either J8 or J9 is properly connected to the ON/OFF switch of your M/B.
4.0 M2-ATX Characteristics
Minimum Input Operating. voltage
Maximum input Operating voltage
6V
24V (clamping will occur at 25-27V)
Deep-Discharge shutdown threshold
Input current limit (fuse protected)
Max Output Power
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
MTBF
Efficiency (Input 9-16V)
PCB size
Input connectors
11.2V
15A (15A mini-blade fuse)
90 Watts
-40 to +85* degrees Celsius
-55 to +125 degrees Celsius
192,000 hrs @ 50C, 96,000 hrs @65C
>94%, all rails combined, 50% load.
160x45mm
Faston 0.25” terminal
Output Connector
ATX Power 20 pin (Molex P/N 39-01-2200)
*Units starts failing at ~115 Celsius. Operating at temperatures above 85C / 185F will drastically reduce the MTBF. When operating at high
temperatures or fanless operation, must reduce PSU load by 25%.
99
12V rail Efficiency (%)
96
93
90
87
84
Iout = 5A
81
Iout = 6A
78
Iout = 8A
75
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Vin (V)
Maximum Power Characteristics
Output Rail
Current (Max)
Current Peak
(<60 seconds)
5V
8A
12A
3.3V
8A
12A
5VSB
1.5A
2A
-12V
0.15A
0.2A
12V
8A* (see below) 9A
Regulation
1.5%
1.5%
1.5%
5-%
2%
Total power = 90 Watts
M2-ATX User Guide
Page 4
When operating at 24V or extreme temperatures, de-rate by 25%, ventilation will be required.
12V Rail Output Current
Input (V)
12V rail current Input (V)
12V rail current
6V
4A
11V
8A
7V
5A
12V
8A
8V
6A
14V
8.5A
9V
7A
14-18V
9A
10V
8A
20-26V
7A
For low input voltage (6-10V) ventilation might be required for peak load
M1-ATX User Guide
Page 5
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