appendix b: information for meet directors and officials

appendix b: information for meet directors and officials
APPENDIX B
APPENDIX B:
INFORMATION FOR MEET
DIRECTORS AND OFFICIALS
USMS-Approved Certifying Bodies
USMS approves USA Swimming, USMS (through its LMSCs), YMCA, Federation of
High School Swimming Officials, College Swimming Officials Association (NCAA),
and San Diego–Imperial LMSC as organizations for certifying officials.
Enforcement of Rules
USMS rules shall be applied uniformly regardless of age.
Differences Between USA Swimming and USMS Rules
All provisions under Part 1 of USMS Swimming Rules are effective January 1, 2017
[USA-S provisions under Part One, the Technical Rules, are effective May 1, 2017].
USMS follows USA Swimming’s Technical Rules, Articles 101, 102, and 105, with
the following exceptions (USA Swimming and USMS rule references in brackets):
MS1
Starts, Strokes and Relays
MS1.1
Forward start—The forward start may be taken from the starting block,
the pool deck, or a push from the wall. The forward start or the backstroke start shall be used for freestyle events. The referee’s long whistle
indicates that the swimmer may take and maintain a position with at
least one foot at the front of the platform or the deck. On the command,
“Take your mark,” the swimmer shall immediately assume the starting
position with at least one foot at the front of the platform or the deck. A
swimmer starting in the water must have one hand on the wall or starting
platform and one foot on the wall and may face any direction. The backstroke start may be used as the in-the-water start during freestyle events
but not for the freestyle portion of medley relay events. [USMS 101.1.1
and 101.5.1; USA-S Glossary “Forward Start” and 101.1.2]
MS1.2
Butterfly—The breaststroke kick may be used exclusively or interchangeably with the dolphin kick at any time during the race (for
example, one breaststroke kick and multiple dolphin kicks may be used
with each arm pull). Only one breaststroke kick is permitted per arm
pull except that a single breaststroke kick is permitted prior to the turn
and finish without an arm pull. After the start and after each turn, a
single breaststroke kick is permitted prior to the arm pull that brings the
swimmer to the surface. [USMS 101.3.2 and 101.3.3; USA-S 101.3.2
and 101.3.3]
MS1.3Backstroke—Note: The swimmer who turns past vertical and, in a continuous motion, grabs the wall before pushing off with the feet while on
the back is considered to have executed a “continuous turning action.”
[USMS 101.4.3; USA-S 101.4.3]
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APPENDIX B
MS1.4Relays—Relay swimmers who cannot exit the water quickly enough
to prevent interference with automatic officiating equipment may hold
on to the lane line until all relays have finished, allowing them to exit
the pool more slowly or via the ladders at the conclusion of the race. In
relay races involving in-the-water starts, a relay will be disqualified if a
the feet of a swimmer lose touch with the end of the course before the
preceding teammate touches the wall. The relay team shall be disqualified even if the swimmer in default returns to the original starting point
at the wall after the preceding teammate has touched the wall. [USMS
101.7.3E and F; USA-S 101.7.3E and G]
MS1.5
Long distance swimming—Pool events are governed by Open Water
and Long Distance rules. There is no provision for leaving the water for
brief periods during the swim. [USMS 305 and 306; USA-S 101.8]
MS2
Swimming Competition
MS2.1Personnel—The minimum personnel at USMS sanctioned or recognized Masters swimming meets shall include the following: one referee,
one starter, two stroke and turn judges, two timers per lane (if automatic
timing is not being used). The referee and starter may double as stroke
and turn judges, but the referee and starter shall not be the same person.
The referee shall be certified as a referee by a USMS-approved certifying body. A referee who is certified as a stroke and turn judge or starter
by a USMS-approved certifying body (including USA Swimming) shall
receive training in the duties of a referee. Starters and stroke and turn
judges who are uncertified shall receive training in the duties of their
positions. One or two place judges may be positioned on the side of the
course near the finish to judge the order of finish of all swimmers. However, place judge results may not be used to change the order of finish
produced by ranking the official times. Note: USMS has a meet committee rather than a meet jury. [USMS 103.2, 103.3, 103.10.6, 102.10.5,
103.5, and 102.14.2; USA-S 102.10.3, 102.10.2, 102.9, and 102.23.3]
MS2.2
Personnel at national championship meets—The meet host shall
appoint a meet referee, an administrative referee, a head starter, and a
chief judge subject to qualification standards established by the USMS
Officials Committee. Minimum stroke and turn judges include: at least
two turn judges at each end of each course (jurisdiction not to exceed 5
lanes per judge), one stroke judge on each side of a 50-meter course, and
one official at the 15-meter mark of each course for all starts and turns
except breaststroke. [USMS 104.5.10B; USA-S 102.10.5]
MS2.3Warm-up— In pools of five lanes or more, a separate warm-up area
must be made available to swimmers during the competition. If there is
no other warm-up/warm-down area available in pools of five lanes or
more, one lane shall be set aside for warm-up/warm-down during the
conduct of the meet. In pools of four or fewer lanes, swimmers shall be
allowed to swim to the other end of the pool at the end of each heat and
a warm-up/warm-down period must be offered at least once during each
half hour of competition. If the meet is a dual-sanctioned meet with USA
Swimming, the requirements for continuous warm-up may be adjusted
depending on availability of warm-up space at the venue by agreement
between the LMSC and LSC host clubs. Once the entry information is
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APPENDIX B
published, changes which further restrict the availability of continuous
warm-up/warm-down space are not permitted. [USMS 102.4.1 and
102.4.2; USA-S none]
MS2.4Relays—First and last names of eligible swimmers, their ages, and order
of swimming shall be submitted to the clerk of course or to the head lane
timer. [USMS 102.9.5; USA-S 102.3.7]
MS2.5
Timed finals—All Masters events held in meters pools (short course or
long course) are conducted on a timed-final basis. Short course yards
meets, except for national championships, may be conducted on a basis
other than timed finals (e.g., preliminary heats and finals). If a format
other than timed finals is used, competitors are limited to three individual events per day. Independent attempts to establish official times (“time
trials”) are permitted only in USMS-sanctioned short course yards meets
other than national championship meets[USMS 102.5 and 102.6; USA-S
102.2]
MS2.6Seeding
MS2.6.1
Age groups and/or genders as well as events of the same distance 200
yards or longer may be combined during seeding so that no swimmer
has to swim alone and lanes may be filled. At the meet referee’s discretion, events may be combined by distance and/or stroke. An empty
lane is not required when combining events. [USMS 102.10.1B amd
102.11.2; USA-S 102.1.4 and 102.7.2]
MS2.6.2
Seeding at meets other than national championship meets may be either
fast-to-slow or slow-to-fast. Seeding may differ for sprint and distance
events. [USMS 102.10.1D; USA-S 102.5.6]
MS2.7Counters—A swimmer may appoint one counter in any individual event
of 16 lengths or more, except the individual medley. [USMS 102.10.6A;
USA-S 102.6A]
MS2.8Swimwear—Medical identification items may be worn. Modesty wear is
prohibited unless a medical or religious exemption has been granted by
USMS. Only swimwear exemptions granted by USMS shall be eligible
for consideration by a referee at USMS competitions. [USMS 102.12.1E,
102.13.9, and 102.12.1C(1); USA-S 102.8.1E and 102.8.1B[1]]
MS2.9Advertising—Products involving tobacco, alcohol, or pharmaceuticals
containing drugs banned under IOC or FINA rules may not be advertised, but the advertiser’s name only may be used. Offenders may be
barred from competition until they comply with this rule. Note: USMS
does not regulate the number of logos on swimsuits, caps and goggles,
does not prohibit wearing the insignia or name of another club or prohibit body advertising such as temporary tattoos or prohibit the advertising of political statements. [USMS 102.12.2; USA-S 102.8.3]
MS2.10
Timing system designation—USMS records may be established when
both the automatic primary and semiautomatic secondary systems fail
(no valid button times) if the times are reported by a manual tertiary
system using a minimum of two valid watch times. USMS Top 10 times
may be established when both the automatic primary and semiautomatic
secondary systems fail (no valid button times) if the times are reported
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APPENDIX B
by a manual tertiary system using a minimum of one valid watch time.
USMS Top 10 times may be established when the minimum two-button
semiautomatic primary system fails (no valid button times) if the times
are reported by a manual backup system with three, two, or one valid
watch times. USMS records may be established when the three-button
semiautomatic primary system fails (no valid button times) if the times
are reported by a manual backup system with three or two valid watch
times. USMS Records may be established when the times are reported
by a manual primary timing system with three valid watch times. USMS
Top 10 times may be established when the times are reported by a manual primary timing system with a minimum of two valid watch times.
[USMS 103.18.5-103.18.7; USA-S 102.24.3A(3)]
MS2.11
Records and Top 10
MS2.11.1 Record applications and Top 10 submissions shall not be accepted unless
certification of course length accompanies them or is on file with USMS
or FINA. Any person can be assigned to conduct the course measurement.
[USMS 105.1.6A; USA-S 104.2.2C(3)(a)]
MS2.11.2 USMS records may only be established by USMS members in sanctioned
or recognized competition. Because swimmers from different age groups
and genders may compete in the same heat or event, winning the heat or
event is not required to establish a record. A bulkhead placement confirmation measurement is required for a USMS record set at events sanctioned
or approved by USA Swimming. [USMS 105.1.1, 105.1.7E and 105.3.1;
USA-S 104.2.1F]
MS2.11.3 Relay leadoff split times will be considered for Top 10 times, provided the
swimmers complete the event without being disqualified and the second
swimmer does not start in the water. A relay leadoff split time will be
considered for USMS records provided automatic timing is used. [USMS
103.18.1, 103.18.4, 105.2.2A, D, and E, 105.3.6A; USA-S 104.2.1E]
MS2.11.4 If swimmers want their initial splits as part of a longer individual event to
be submitted for records or Top 10 times, they must notify the referee, in
writing, prior to the conclusion of the meet. (Exception: If the meet referee
approves the automatic recording of splits with the concurrence of the meet
host, a written request is not required.) However, for backstroke initial splits
and relay leadoff legs to count, notification must be made prior to the swim
so that officials may verify that a legal finish was performed at the initial
distance and that for relays the second swimmer did not start in the water
(when automatic timing is used). [USMS 103.18.1B(1), 103.18.1B(2),
103.18.1C, and 103.18.2; and 105.2.2B, C, D and E; and 105.3.6; USA-S
none
MS2.11.5 Required documentation for USMS records includes the referee’s signature,
as well as the printout from the automatic or semiautomatic (with three
buttons) timing equipment, or the time card bearing times and signatures
from timers, and a copy of the heat sheet. The heat sheet shall show the
swimmer’s name, heat number, and lane number in which the record was
achieved. [USMS 105.3.8 and 103.18.5-103.18.7; USA-S 104.2.2C(2)
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MS2.11.6 USMS records and top 10 times can only be made in fresh water. No records or top 10 times will be recognized in any kind of sea or ocean water.
(USMS 105.2.4 and 105.3.5; USA-S None)
MS2.12
Scratch procedures—Swimmers or relay teams not reporting for or competing in an event are not penalized. [USMS 102.8.1; USA-S 102.4]
MS2.13Protests—Protests arising from competition shall be made within 30
minutes after the race in which the alleged infraction took place. If the
protest is not resolved immediately, the protester shall at that time file a
written protest with the chair of the Local Masters Swimming Committee (LMSC) or the chair’s representative having jurisdiction over the
event. If the LMSC does not satisfactorily resolve the protest within 10
days, the protester may appeal in writing to the USMS Rules Committee
chair within the next five days for final adjudication, whose final decision shall then be binding on all parties. Protests concerning interpretation of the rules in Part 1: Swimming Rules and the Glossary shall be
submitted in writing (on paper or in an electronic file) within 10 days
to the USMS Rules Committee chair. [USMS 102.14.5 and 102.14.4;
USA-S 102.23.5]
MS2.14Eligibility—The eligibility of a participant for a particular age group
will be determined for all meters meets (both short course and long
course) by the swimmer’s age as of December 31 of the year of competition. For short course yards meets, eligibility will be determined by
the swimmer’s age as of the last day of the meet. [USMS 102.2; USA-S
205.2.2]
MS3
Facility standards
MS3.1
Water depth—In pools with water depth 3 feet, 6 inches, to less than
4 feet at the starting end, the swimmer must start from the deck or from
within the water. USMS does not have a rule for teaching racing starts or
certifying swimmers for proficiency at performing racing starts. [USMS
106.2.3A(2); USA-S 103.2.3A and 103.2.2]
MS3.2
Lane numbers—The lanes shall be numbered from right to left as the
swimmers face the course from the starting end of the pool except when
the event starts at the turn end of the course (no change in lane numbering so that the lanes are numbered the same at both ends); mandatory for
all meets. [USMS 106.4.3; USA-S 102.5.5 and 103.5.3]
MS3.3
Water Temperature—Water temperature from 25 to 28 degrees Celsius
(77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit) shall be maintained for competition.
USMS does not address air temperature. [USMS 106.6; USA-S 103.7]
MS4
Athlete protection policies
MS4.1
Except for video timing equipment, USMS does not address the use
of cameras, including cell phone cameras, in the venue. [USMS none;
USA-S 305.3]
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APPENDIX B
Dual Sanctioned Events
(Combined, Parallel, and Interwoven Meets)
The number of inquiries as to what mechanisms are available for combining USA
Swimming and USMS swimming meets has been increasing. The reasons for combining these meets are many, ranging from the limited availability of pool time and
officials to the desire to promote the sport as a lifelong activity. There are several
ways of accomplishing this goal within the rules and insurance policies of each
organization. This document outlines these options.
It is assumed that all competitors are a member of USA Swimming, USMS, or both.
Those that are members of both must select one organization with which to compete
for the entire meet. Dual membership cannot be used to exceed the daily event
limits imposed by either organization. Automatic recognition of times achieved by a
USMS swimmer competing in the USA-S portion is still available.
Any of the joint meets described below must have sanctions from both USA Swimming and USMS. Both sanctions must be held by the host organization. The host
organization cannot be required to accept a participant from either USMS or USA
Swimming that would otherwise be barred from participation by their respective
organizations.
USMS Record and Top Ten submissions must comply with all USMS documentation requirements.
Combined Meets—With the consent of all (co-)hosting teams and the LSC and
LMSC, a combined meet may be sanctioned by both USA Swimming and USMS
and all swimmers competing according to USA Swimming rules. This mechanism
allows the meet host(s) to seed the event as they normally would, based upon times,
with USA Swimming and USMS members combined in heats without specific lanes
allocated to one organization or the other. Relay teams must consist of members of
the same organization.
Parallel Meets—The two meets may be swum in parallel by assigning some number
of lanes to USMS competitors and a different set to USA Swimming competitors. If
possible, separate stroke and turn officials for each set is preferred. It is permissible
to adjust, for example, the makeup of the USMS heats so that competitors in a given
heat have approximately the same seed times. Each organization’s rules would apply
to their members.
Interwoven Meets—The two meets may be swum with complete heats of swimmers from both organizations alternating. There would be no need for separate
stroke and turn officials. Each organization’s rules would apply to their members.
Differences Between NCAA Swimming and USMS Rules
(NCAA and USMS rule references in brackets.)
MS1 Starts, Strokes, and Relays
MS1.1
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Forward start—The forward start may be taken from the starting
block, the pool deck, or a push from the wall. At the commencement of
each heat, the referee shall signal to the swimmers by a short series of
whistles to remove all clothing except for swimwear, followed by a long
whistle indicating that they may take and maintain their positions with
at least one foot at the front of the starting platform, the edge of the deck
or on the wall. On the command “Take your mark,” the swimmer shall
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
APPENDIX B
immediately assume the starting position with at least one foot at the
front of the platform, the deck, or the wall. Either the forward start or
the backstroke start shall be used for freestyle events. [USMS 101.1.1,
101.5.1, and 103.8.5A; NCAA Rule 2, Section 1, Article 1]
Note: Making unnecessary noise during the start is not addressed in the
USMS rules.
MS1.2
Backstroke start—At the commencement of each heat, the referee shall
signal to the swimmers by a short series of whistles to remove all clothing except for swimwear. At the referee’s first long whistle, the swimmers shall immediately enter the water and at the second long whistle
shall return without undue delay to the starting position. Standing in or
on the gutter, or placing the toes over the lip of the gutter, or bending
the toes over the lip of the gutter before or after the start is prohibited.
[USMS 101.1.2 and 103.8.5A; NCAA Rule 2, Section 1, Article 2]
MS1.3
Declared false starts—There are no “declared false starts” in Masters
swimming. [USMS 103.8.6; NCAA Rule 2, Section 1, Article 3h]
MS1.4Backstroke—Upon surfacing after the start and the turns, some part of
the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race
except for turns. [USMS 101.4.2; NCAA Rule 2, Section 2, Article 1b]
MS1.5
Backstroke turn—Once the body has left the position on the back, any
kick or arm pull must be part of the continuous turning action. A swimmer who turns past vertical and, in a continuous motion, grabs the wall
before pushing off with the feet while on the back is considered to have
executed a “continuous turning action” and must not be disqualified.
[USMS 101.4.3; NCAA Rule 2, Section 2, Article 1c]
MS1.6
Butterfly—The breaststroke kick may be used exclusively or interchangeably with the dolphin kick while doing the butterfly stroke at any
time during the race. Only one breaststroke kick is permitted per arm
pull, except that a single breaststroke kick is permitted prior to the turn
and the finish without an arm pull. After the start and after each turn, a
single breaststroke kick is permitted prior to the first arm pull. A scissors
kicking movement is not permitted. [USMS 101.3.2 and 101.3.3; NCAA
Rule 2, Section 2, Article 3d]
MS1.7Finish—Swimmers are not required to touch the touchpads at the finish
when automatic timing is used. [USMS 101.2.4, 101.3.5, 101.4.4,
101.5.4, and 101.6.4; NCAA Rule 2, Section 4 and Rule 4, Section 16,
Article 1]
MS1.8Relays—A relay team member who wishes to enter the water to start
from the water shall notify the starter and be careful not to disturb or
interfere with another swimmer or the timing system pad when in use.
Relay swimmers who cannot exit the water quickly enough to prevent
interference with automatic officiating equipment may be allowed to
hold on to the lane line until all relays have finished, allowing them to
exit the pool more slowly or via the ladders at the conclusion of the race.
In relay races involving in-the-water starts, a relay will be disqualified
if the feet of a swimmer lose touch with the end of the course before the
preceding teammate touches the wall. The relay team shall be disqualified even if the swimmer in default returns to the original starting point
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APPENDIX B
at the wall after the preceding teammate has touched the wall. Mixed
relays shall consist of two men and two women, who may swim in any
order. [USMS 101.7.3D, E, and G; NCAA Rule 2, Section 2, Article 7e
and Rule 2, Section 5, Article 3a] First and last names of eligible swimmers, their ages, and order of swimming shall be submitted to the clerk
of course or to the head lane timer. Any changes in names of the competing swimmers or their order of swimming must be declared to the head
lane timer prior to the start of the relay heat in which such relay team
is entered. No changes will be permitted thereafter. [USMS 102.9.6;
NCAA Rule 2, Section 2, Article 7d and Rule 5, Section 1, Article 1b]
MS1.9
Disqualifications—The referee or designated official making a disqualification shall make every reasonable effort to seek out the swimmer
or the swimmer’s coach and inform one or both as to the reason for the
disqualification. Failure to notify does not negate the disqualification.
[USMS 102.13.1; NCAA Rule 4, Section 6, Article 1e]
MS2
Swimming Competition
MS2.1
Meet personnel—The minimum personnel at USMS sanctioned Masters swimming meets or recognized events shall include one referee, one
starter, two stroke and turn judges, and two timers per lane (if automatic
timing is not being used), or one timer per lane if automatic timing is
used. The referee and starter may double as stroke and turn judges, but
the referee and starter may not be the same person. The referee shall
be certified as a referee. A referee who is certified as a stroke and turn
judge or starter (by USA Swimming, USMS, YMCA, or any other
USMS-approved certifying body) shall receive training in the duties of
a referee. Starters and stroke and turn judges who are uncertified shall
receive training in the duties of their positions. [USMS 103.2, 103.3,
and Appendix B, “USMS-Approved Certifying Bodies”; NCAA Rule 4,
Section 1] One or two place judges may be positioned on the side of the
course near the finish to judge the order of finish of all swimmers. However, place judge results may not be used to change the order of finish
produced by ranking the official times. [USMS 103.10.6; NCAA Rule 4,
Section 16, Article 1].
MS2.2Warm-up—In pools of five lanes or more, a separate warm-up area
must be made available to swimmers during the competition. If there
is no other warm-up/warm-down area available in pools of five lanes
or more, one lane shall be set aside for warm-up/warm-down during
the conduct of the meet. If there is no other warm-up/warm-down area
available in pools of four or fewer lanes, swimmers shall be allowed to
swim to the other end of the pool at the end of each heat, and a warmup/warm-down period shall be offered at least once every half hour of
competition. Swimmers must enter the pool feet first in a cautious and
controlled manner. Diving shall be permitted only in the designated
lanes. If the meet is a dual-sanctioned meet with USA Swimming, the
requirements for continuous warm-up may be adjusted depending on
availability of warm-up space at the venue by agreement between the
LMSC and LSC host clubs. Once the entry information is published,
changes which further restrict the availability of continuous warm-up/
warm-down space are not permitted. [USMS 102.4; NCAA none]
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MS2.3
Timed finals—All short course meters events, long course meters
events, and national championships shall be conducted on a timed-final
basis. Other short course yards events may be conducted on a timed-final basis or other basis (e.g., preliminary heats and finals). If events
are conducted using formats other than timed finals, competitors shall
be limited to three individual events per day. Independent attempts to
establish official times (“time trials”) are permitted only in USMS-sanctioned short course yards meets other than national championship meets.
[USMS 102.5 and 102.6; NCAA Rule 5, Section 7, Articles 3 and 4]
MS2.4Seeding—Age groups, genders, and events of the same distance 200
yards or longer may be combined so that no swimmer has to swim alone
and lanes may be filled. Seeding at meets other than national championships may be either fast-to-slow or slow-to-fast. Seeding may differ for
sprint and distance events (400 yards or longer) within a meet. Women’s and men’s heats may be alternated in the distance events. [USMS
102.10.1B—D; NCAA Rule 5, Sections 6 and 7]
MS2.5Counters—A swimmer in any individual event of 16 lengths or more,
except the individual medley, may appoint one counter to call lengths
or indicate lengths by visual sign. Verbal counters may use watches and
signal intermediate times to the swimmer. If visual counters are used,
they may be stationed at the end or either side of the pool beyond the
halfway point toward the end of the course opposite the starting end.
The count may be ascending or descending order. Violations of these
provisions are not grounds for disqualification. [USMS 102.10.6; NCAA
Rule 2, Section 3]
MS2.6
MS 2.7
Timing system designation—USMS records and Top 10 times may
be established when the primary automatic timing system fails with a
three, two, or one button semiautomatic secondary time. USMS records
may be established when both the automatic primary and semiautomatic
secondary systems fail (no valid button times) if the times are reported
by a manual tertiary system using a minimum of two valid watch times.
USMS Top 10 times may be established when both the automatic primary and semiautomatic secondary systems fail (no valid button times)
if the times are reported by a manual tertiary system using a minimum
of one valid watch time. USMS Top 10 times may be established when
the minimum two-button semiautomatic primary system fails (no valid
button times) if the times are reported by a manual backup system with
three, two, or one valid watch times. USMS records may be established
when the three-button semiautomatic primary system fails (no valid
button times) if the times are reported by a manual backup system with
three or two valid watch times. World and USMS records may be established when the times are reported by a manual primary timing system
with three valid watch times. USMS Top 10 times may be established
when the times are reported by a manual primary timing system with a
minimum of two valid watch times. [USMS 103.18.5-103.18.7; NCAA
Rule 4, Section 21, Article 2]
Adjustment for Malfunction on a Lane. In the event of a lane malfunction, the official time is calculated using valid times reported by
the secondary timing system (or the tertiary system) in accordance with
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APPENDIX B
103.17.3B and integrated with the accurate primary times in determining
the results. [USMS 103.17.3E; NCAA Rule 4, Section 21, Article 4]
MS2.8
Records and Top 10 submissions
MS2.8.1
Record applications and Top 10 submissions shall not be accepted unless
certification of course length accompanies them or is on file with USMS
or USA Swimming. Any person can be assigned to conduct the course
measurement. [USMS 105.1.6] The pool measurement certification
must include all lanes used in competition. [USMS 105.1.7A; NCAA
Appendix A, Section 2, Article 2i] When a moveable bulkhead is used,
the length of the course must be confirmed prior to the start of the meet,
and the course measurement of the two outside lanes and a middle lane
must be confirmed at the conclusion of the session in which the time was
achieved. [USMS 105.1.7C; NCAA Rule 4, Section 6, Article 1k and
Appendix A, Section 2, Article 2i]
MS2.8.2
USMS records may only be established by USMS members in
USMS-sanctioned meets or USMS-recognized events. [USMS 105.1.1
and 105.3.1; NCAA Appendix A, Section 1, Article 3] Because swimmers from different age groups and genders may compete in the same
event or heat, winning the heat or event is not required to establish a
record. Relay leadoff split times will be considered for USMS Top 10
times, provided the swimmers complete the event without being disqualified and will be considered for USMS records provided automatic timing is used. The swimmer’s relay leadoff split time shall not count if the
second swimmer starts in the water when automatic timing is used. The
request to have a split time recorded must be brought to the attention of
the meet referee, in writing, prior to the swim. Leadoff splits obtained
from three semiautomatic buttons or three watch times are acceptable
for FINA records, but not for USMS records. [USMS 105.2.2, 105.3.6,
103.18.2, and 103.18.4; NCAA Rule 5, Section 5, Article 2, Rule 8,
Section 3, and Appendix A, Section 1]
MS2.8.3
If swimmers want their initial splits as part of a longer individual event
to be submitted for records or Top 10 times, they must notify the referee,
in writing, prior to the conclusion of the meet. (Exception: If the meet
referee approves the automatic recording of splits with the concurrence
of the meet host, a written request is not required.) However, for backstroke initial splits and relay leadoff legs to count, notification must be
made prior to the swim so that officials may verify that a legal finish was
performed at the initial distance and that for relays the second swimmer did not start in the water (when automatic timing is used). [USMS
103.18.1B(1) and (2), 103.18.1C, 103.18.2, 105.2.2 and 105.3.6; NCAA
Rule 5, Section 5, Article 2, Rule 8, Section 3, and Appendix A, Section
1, Article 1]
MS2.8.4
Required documentation for USMS records includes the referee’s signature, official meet results, the primary printout tape from the automatic
or semiautomatic (with three buttons) timing equipment, and/or a copy
of the entry card bearing times and signatures from timers, and a copy
of the heat sheet. The heat sheet shall show the swimmer’s name, heat
number, and lane number in which the record was achieved. [USMS
105.3.8 and 103.18.5-103.18.7; NCAA Appendix A, Section 2]
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MS2.8.5
USMS records and Top 10 times can only be made in fresh water. No
records or Top 10 times will be recognized in any kind of sea or ocean
water. (USMS 105.2.4 and 105.3.5; NCAA none)
MS2.9
Scratch procedures—Any swimmer or relay team not reporting for or
competing in an event shall not be penalized. [USMS 102.8.1; NCAA
Rule 5, Section 1, Article 1a; Rule 5, Section 3, Article 4; and Rule 8,
Section 4, Article 8d]
MS2.10Protests
MS2.10.1 Protests affecting the eligibility of any swimmer to compete or to represent an organization in any race shall be made in writing to the meet
director or referee before the race is held, and if the meet committee
deems it advisable, the swimmer may compete under protest and it shall
be so announced before the race. The meet committee shall immediately
refer such protest to the LMSC officers (local meets) or championship
meet protest committee (national championship meets) having jurisdiction for adjudication at the earliest possible time. [USMS 102.14.2 and
104.5.9; NCAA Rule 9]
MS2.10.2 Protests arising from the competition itself shall be made within 30
minutes after the race in which the alleged infraction took place. If the
protest is not resolved immediately, the protester shall at that time file a
written protest with the chair of the Local Masters Swimming Committee (LMSC) or the chair’s representative having jurisdiction over the
event. If the LMSC does not satisfactorily resolve the protest within 10
days, the protester may appeal in writing to the USMS Rules Committee
chair within the next five days for final adjudication, whose decision
shall then be binding on all parties. [USMS 102.14.4&5; NCAA Rule 4,
Section 2 and Rule 8, Section 4, Article 9]
MS2.11
Age determining date—For short course yards, the eligibility of a participant for a particular age group shall be determined by the swimmer’s
age as of the last day of the meet. For short course meters and long
course meters, the eligibility of a participant for a particular age group
shall be determined by the swimmer’s age as of December 31 of the year
of competition. [USMS 102.2; NCAA none]
MS2.12Swimwear—For men, the swimsuit shall not extend above the navel nor
below the knees, and for women, shall not cover the neck, extend past
the shoulder, nor extend below the knees. Any kind of tape on the body
is not permitted unless approved by the referee; any type of therapeutic
elastic tape is prohibited [USMS 102.12.1E, interpretation; NCAA Rule
3, Section 1, Article 5]. Products involving tobacco, alcohol, or pharmaceuticals containing drugs banned under IOC or FINA rules may not be
advertised, but the advertiser’s name only may be used. Offenders may
be barred from competition until they comply with this rule. [USMS
102.12.1 and 2; NCAA Rule 3, Section 1, Articles 1 and 3]
MS3
Facility standards
MS3.1
Water depth—In pools with water depth 3 feet, 6 inches, to less than
4 feet at the starting end, the swimmer must start from the deck or from
within the water. [USMS 106.2.3A; NCAA Rule 1, Section 1, Articles
1b and 2]
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APPENDIX B
MS3.2
Water temperature—Water temperature from 25 to 28 degrees Celsius
(77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit) shall be maintained for competition.
USMS does not address air temperature. [USMS 106.6; NCAA Rule 1,
Section 3, Article 12]
Differences Between
National Federation of High School
Swimming and USMS Rules
NFHS and USMS rule references in brackets.
MS1 Starts, strokes, and relays
MS1.1
Forward start—The forward start may be taken from the starting
block, the pool deck, or a push from the wall. At the commencement
of each heat, the referee shall signal to the swimmers by a short series
of whistles to remove all clothing except for swimwear, followed by a
long whistle indicating that they may take and maintain their positions
with at least one foot at the front of the starting platform, the edge of the
deck, or on the wall. On the command, “Take your mark,” the swimmer
shall immediately assume the starting position with at least one foot at
the front of the platform, the deck, or the wall. A swimmer starting in the
water must have one hand on the wall or starting platform and one foot
on the wall. Either the forward start or the backstroke start shall be used
for freestyle events. [USMS 101.1.1, 101.5.1, and 103.8.5A; NFHS Rule
8, Section 1, Article 1 and Note]
MS1.2
Backstroke start—At the commencement of each heat, the referee shall
signal to the swimmers by a short series of whistles to remove all clothing
except for swimwear. At the referee’s first long whistle, the swimmers
shall immediately enter the water and at the second long whistle shall
return without undue delay to the starting position. Standing in or on the
gutter, placing the toes above the lip of the gutter, or bending the toes over
the lip of the gutter, before or after the start, is prohibited. Use of a backstroke starting ledge is permitted, but when using a backstroke ledge, the
toes must be in contact with the end wall or face of the touchpad. USMS
does not specify that swimmers must step into the water feet first. [USMS
101.1.2 and 103.8.5A; NFHS Rule 8, Section 1, Articles 2 and 3b]
MS1.3
Backstroke turn—Once the body has left the position on the back, any
kick or arm pull must be part of the continuous turning action. A swimmer who turns past vertical and, in a continuous motion, grabs the wall
before pushing off with the feet while on the back is considered to have
executed a “continuous turning action.” [USMS 101.4.3; NFHS Rule 8,
Section 2, Article 1f]
MS1.4
Butterfly—The breaststroke kick may be used exclusively or interchangeably with the dolphin kick while doing the butterfly stroke at any
time during the race. Only one breaststroke kick is permitted per arm
pull, except that a single breaststroke kick is permitted prior to the turn
and the finish without an arm pull. After the start and after each turn, a
single breaststroke kick is permitted prior to the first arm pull. A scissors
kicking movement is not permitted. [USMS 101.3.2 and 101.3.3; NFHS
Rule 8, Section 2, Article 3d]
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MS1.5
Butterfly turns and finish—The touch shall be made with both hands
separated and simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface.
[USMS 101.3.4 and 101.3.5; NFHS Rule 8, Section 2, Article 3e and g]
MS1.6
Breaststroke turns and finish—The touch shall be made with both
hands separated and simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface. [USMS 101.2.4; NFHS Rule 8, Section 2, Article 2g and h]
MS1.7
Individual medley and medley relay. When a swimmer has traveled a
sufficient distance that the official can with certainty judge that the competitor is swimming in the style of butterfly, breaststroke or backstroke,
then a disqualification is appropriate. Being on the back when leaving
the wall for the freestyle portion of the medley is covering more than
one quarter of the distance in the style of backstroke and is, therefore, a
disqualification. A backstroke start may not be used when starting in the
water on the freestyle leg of the medley relay. [USMS 101.5.2 Interpretation; NHFS Rule 8, Section 4, 2c]
MS1.8Relays—A relay team member who wishes to start from the water,
shall notify the starter and be careful not to disturb or interfere with
another swimmer or the timing system pad when in use. In relay races
involving in-the-water starts, a relay will be disqualified if the feet of
a swimmer lose touch with the end of the course before the preceding
teammate touches the wall. The relay team shall be disqualified even if
the swimmer in default returns to the original starting point at the wall
after the preceding teammate has touched the wall. Relay swimmers
who cannot exit the water quickly enough to prevent interference with
automatic officiating equipment may be allowed to hold on to the lane
line until all relays have finished, allowing them to exit the pool more
slowly or via the ladders at the conclusion of the race. Mixed relays
shall consist of two men and two women who may swim in any order.
[USMS 101.7.3D, E, F, and G; NFHS Rule 8, Section 3, Articles 5 and
7] First and last names of eligible swimmers, their ages, and order of
swimming shall be submitted to the clerk of course or to the head lane
timer. Any changes in names of the competing swimmers or their order
of swimming must be declared to the head lane timer prior to the start of
the relay heat in which such relay team is entered. No changes will be
permitted thereafter. [USMS 102.9.6; NFHS Rule 8, Section 3, Article 4]
MS1.9Finish—The finish occurs when any part of the swimmer touches the
wall. Swimmers are not required to touch the touchpads when automatic
timing is used. [USMS 101.2.4, 101.3.5, 101.4.4, and 101.5.4; NFHS
Rule 8, Section 1, Article 7 and Rule 8, Section 3, Article 6]
MS2
Swimming competition
MS2.1Swimwear
MS2.1.1
For men, the swimsuit shall not extend above the navel nor below
the knees, and for women, shall not cover the neck, extend past the
shoulder, nor extend below the knees. [USMS 102.12.1C; NFHS Rule 3,
Section 3, Article 3b.5]
MS2.1.2
Products involving tobacco, alcohol, or pharmaceuticals containing
drugs banned under IOC or FINA rules may not be advertised, but the
advertiser’s name only may be used. Offenders may be barred from
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APPENDIX B
competition until they comply with this rule. [USMS 102.12.2; NFHS
Rule 3, Section 3, Article 2]
MS2.1.3
Any type of therapeutic elastic tape is prohibited. [USMS 102.12.1E,
interpretation; NFHS Rule 3, Section 3, Article 4, Play Rulings, 3.3.4
Situation C]
MS2.2
Meet personnel—The minimum personnel at USMS-sanctioned or
USMS-recognized swimming meets shall include one referee, one
starter, two stroke and turn judges, and two timers per lane (if automatic
timing is not being used), or one timer per lane if automatic timing is
used. The referee and starter may double as stroke and turn judges, but
the referee and starter may not be the same person. [USMS 103.2; NFHS
Rule 4, Section 1, Articles 3 and 5]
The referee shall be certified as a referee. A referee who is certified as
a stroke and turn judge or starter (by USA Swimming, USMS, YMCA,
or any other USMS-approved certifying body) shall receive training
in the duties of a referee. Starters and stroke and turn judges who are
uncertified shall receive training in the duties of their positions. [USMS
103.3; NFHS none] The head lane timer determines that the swimmer or
relay is in the correct lane, heat, and event, and that relay swimmers are
swimming in the order listed. [USMS 103.11.2A; NFHS Rule 4, Section
2, Article 2a] Note: NFHS is a USMS-approved certifying body. One or
two place judges may be positioned on the side of the course near the
finish to judge the order of finish of all swimmers. However, place judge
results may not be used to change the order of finish produced by ranking the official times. USMS does not use a ballot system as a backup
judging system. [USMS 103.10.6; NHFS Rule 4-7 and Rule 6-5, Article 4]
MS2.3Warm-up— In pools of five lanes or more, a separate warm-up area
must be made available to swimmers during the competition. If there is
no other warm-up/warm-down area available in pools of five lanes or
more, one lane shall be set aside for warm-up/warm-down during the
conduct of the meet, and in pools of four or fewer lanes, swimmers shall
be allowed to swim to the other end of the pool at the end of each heat,
and a warm-up/warm-down period shall be offered at least once every
half hour of competition. If the meet is a dual-sanctioned meet with USA
Swimming, the requirements for continuous warm-up may be adjusted
depending on availability of warm-up space at the venue by agreement
between the LMSC and LSC host clubs. Once the entry information is
published, changes which further restrict the availability of continuous
warm-up/warm-down space are not permitted. [USMS 102.4; NFHS
“Guidelines for Meet Warm-Up”]
MS2.4Events—USMS competition may be conducted in any of the events
listed in Article 102.5. [USMS 102.5; NFHS Rule 5, Section 1, Article 1]
MS2.5
Event limit—A swimmer may compete in not more than six individual
events per day. [USMS 102.6; NFHS Rule 3, Section 2, Article 1]
MS2.6
Timed finals—All short course and long course meters events and
national championships shall be conducted on a timed-final basis. Other
short course yards events may be conducted on a timed-final or other
basis (e.g., preliminary heats and finals). If events are offered in formats
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APPENDIX B
other than timed finals, competitors shall be limited to three individual
events per day. Independent attempts to establish official times (“time
trials”) are permitted only in USMS-sanctioned short course yards meets
other than national championship meets [USMS 102.5 and 102.6; NFHS
none]
MS2.7Seeding—Age groups, genders, and events of the same distance 200
yards or longer may be combined so that no swimmer has to swim alone
and lanes may be filled. Seeding at meets other than national championships may be either fast-to-slow or slow-to-fast. Seeding may differ for
sprint and distance events (400 yards or longer) within a meet. Women’s and men’s heats may be alternated in the distance events. [USMS
102.10.1B—D; NFHS Rule 5, Sections 2 and 3]
MS2.8Counters—A swimmer in any individual event of 16 lengths or more,
except the individual medley, may appoint one counter to call lengths
or indicate lengths by visual sign. Verbal counters may use watches and
signal intermediate times to the swimmer. If visual counters are used,
they may be stationed at the end or either side of the pool beyond the
halfway point toward the end of the course opposite the starting end.
The count may be in ascending or descending order. Violations of these
provisions are not grounds for disqualification. [USMS 102.10.6; NFHS
Rule 3, Section 4]
MS2.9
Timing System Designation. USMS records may be established when
both the automatic primary and semiautomatic secondary systems fail
(no valid button times) if the times are reported by a manual tertiary
system using a minimum of two valid watch times. USMS Top 10 times
may be established when both the automatic primary and semiautomatic
secondary systems fail (no valid button times) if the times are reported
by a manual tertiary system using a minimum of one valid watch time.
USMS Top 10 times may be established when the minimum two-button
semiautomatic primary system fails (no valid button times) if the times
are reported by a manual backup system with three, two, or one valid
watch times. USMS records may be established when the three-button
semiautomatic primary system fails (no valid button times) if the times
are reported by a manual backup system with three or two valid watch
times. USMS records may be established when the times are reported by
a manual primary timing system with three valid watch times. USMS Top
10 times may be established when the times are reported by a manual
primary timing system with a minimum of two valid watch times.
[USMS 103.18.5-103.18.7; NHFS none]
MS2.10 Records
MS2.10.1 Record applications and Top 10 submissions shall not be accepted unless
certification of course length accompanies them or is on file with USMS
or USA Swimming. [USMS 105.1.6 and .7; NFHS Rule 2, Section 2 and
nfhs.org/RecordBook/RecordApplication]
MS2.10.2 USMS records may only be established by USMS members in sanctioned
meets or recognized events. Because swimmers from different age groups
and genders may compete in the same event or heat, winning the heat or
event is not required to establish a record. Relay leadoff split times will be
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APPENDIX B
considered for Top 10 times, provided the swimmers complete the event
without being disqualified, and relay leadoff split times will be considered
for USMS records provided fully automatic timing is used. The swimmer’s
relay leadoff split time shall not count if the second swimmer starts in the
water when automatic timing is used. The request to have a split time
recorded must be brought to the attention of the meet referee, in writing,
prior to the swim. (Exception: If the meet referee approves the automatic
recording of splits with the concurrence of the meet host, a written request
is not required.) Leadoff splits obtained from semi-automatic or manual
times are acceptable for FINA records and USMS Top 10 but not for USMS
records. [USMS 105.1.1, 103.18.1, 103.18.4, 105.2.2 and 105.3.6; NFHS
Rule 8, Section 3, Article 8 and nfhs.org/RecordBook/RecordApplication]
MS2.10.3 If swimmers want their initial splits as part of a longer individual event
to be submitted for records or Top 10 times, they must notify the referee,
in writing, prior to the conclusion of the meet. (Exception: If the meet
referee approves the automatic recording of splits with the concurrence of
the meet host, a written request is not required.) However, for backstroke
initial splits and relay leadoff legs to count, notification must be made prior
to the swim so that officials may verify that a legal finish was performed
at the initial distance and that for relays the second swimmer did not start
in the water (when automatic timing is used). [USMS 103.18.1, 103.18.4,
105.2.2, and 105.3.6; NFHS Rule 8, Section 3, Article 8 and nfhs.org/
RecordBook/RecordApplication]
MS2.10.4 Required documentation for USMS records includes the referee’s signature, official meet results, the primary printout tape from the automatic or
semiautomatic (with three buttons) timing equipment, and/or a copy of the
entry card bearing times and signatures from timers, and a copy of the heat
sheet. The heat sheet shall show the swimmer’s name, heat number, and
lane number in which the record was achieved. [USMS 105.3.8; NFHS
nfhs.org/RecordBook/RecordApplication]
MS2.11
Scratch procedures—Any swimmer or relay team not reporting for or
competing in an event shall not be penalized. There are no “declared
false starts.” [USMS 102.8.1; NFHS Rule 3, Section 2, Articles 2 and 3]
MS2.12Protests
MS2.12.1 Protests affecting the eligibility of any swimmer to compete or to represent
an organization in any race shall be made in writing to the meet director or
referee before the race is held, and if the meet committee deems it advisable,
the swimmer may compete under protest and it shall be so announced before
the race. The meet committee shall refer the protest to the LMSC officers
(local meets) or the championship meet protest committee (nationals)
having jurisdiction for adjudication at the earliest possible time. [USMS
102.14.2; NFHS none]
MS2.12.2 Protests arising from the competition itself shall be made within 30 minutes
after the race in which the alleged infraction took place. If the protest is not
resolved immediately, the protester can file a written protest with the chair
(or representative) of the Local Masters Swimming Committee (LMSC)
having jurisdiction over the event. If it is not satisfactorily resolved within
10 days, the protester may appeal in writing to the USMS Rules Committee
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APPENDIX B
chair within the next five days for final adjudication, whose decision shall
then be binding on all parties. [USMS 102.14.5; NFHS Rule 4, Section 2,
Article 2g]
MS2.13
Age determining date—For short course yards, the eligibility of a participant for a particular age group is determined by the swimmer’s age as of
the last day of the meet. For short course meters and long course meters,
the eligibility of a participant for a particular age group is determined by
the swimmer’s age as of December 31 of the year of competition. [USMS
102.2; NFHS none]
MS2.14Shaving—USMS does not address on-site shaving [NFHS Rule 3, Section
5, Article 7] in USMS rules.
MS3
Facility standards
MS3.1
Water depth—In pools with water depth 3 feet, 6 inches to less than 4 feet
at the starting end, the swimmer must start from the deck or in the water.
[USMS 106.2.3A(2); NFHS Rule 2, Section 7, Article 2]
Information for USMS Participants at FINA Events
USMS recognizes times achieved at meets sanctioned by a FINA member federation
and conducted in accordance with FINA rules. The following information summarizes
the differences between FINA and USMS rules (FINA and USMS rule references in
brackets).
FMS1
Swimming Competition
FMS1.1 Age groups—The youngest age group recognized by FINA is 25–29.
[FINA MSW 1.1; USMS 102.1.1 and 102.3]
FMS1.2 Relay age groups—The youngest relay age group recognized by FINA is
100—119 and may not include competitors younger than 25. [FINA MSW
1.2; USMS 102.3.2B]
FMS1.3 Deadline to submit names of relay swimmers—The composition of
a relay can be changed up to the deadline announced by the Organizing
Committee on the day prior to the relay event. [Bylaw 10.2.6; USMS
102.9.6]
FMS1.4 Warm-up guidelines—USMS prohibits hand paddles in warm-ups.
FINA does not have this restriction. [FINA MSW 3.8 and FINA Warm-up
Guidelines; USMS 102.4.2]
FMS1.5 Course type—FINA does not recognize short course yard competition.
[FINA MSW 2.1 and 2.2; USMS 102.5.2 and 102.5.1]
FMS1.6
Event limits—A swimmer may enter not more than five individual events
at a World Masters Swimming Championship meet. [FINA Bylaw 10.2.5;
USMS 102.6 and 102.10.1A]
FMS1.7 Two-to-a-lane seeding by gender—FINA allows two swimmers of the
same gender to swim in a single lane for freestyle events 400 meters or
longer, while USMS allows two swimmers of either gender to swim in a
single lane for freestyle events over 200 meters [FINA MSW 3.7; USMS
102.10.4A(1)(a)]
FMS1.8
Backstroke start—When FINA-required touchpads extending 0.3 meter
above the water surface are in place and there are no exposed gutters on
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APPENDIX B
which to place the toes, the toes may be placed above the water surface
for the start. [FINA FR 2.4.3 and SW 6.1; USMS 106.18.3 and 101.1.2B]
FMS1.9
Assigned Lane—The swimmer must start, swim, and finish in the assigned
lane. [FINA SW 10.3; USMS 102.13.4]
FMS1.10Counters—FINA officials count laps for swimmers, count only for 800 and
1500 meter races, and show the remaining number of laps to be completed.
FINA may use semi-electronic equipment, including underwater display.
[FINA SW 2.6.3; USMS 102.10.6]
FMS1.11 Warning signal—FINA requires a warning signal for each swimmer in
each lane in the 800 and 1500 freestyle events. USMS requires a warning
signal for the lead swimmer or may give a warning signal for each swimmer
in each lane. [FINA SW 2.6.4; USMS 103.8.7]
FMS1.12 Splits and timing system—FINA allows splits to be recorded by three
watches, three semiautomatic buttons or automatic timing for FINA records.
For USMS records, splits must be recorded by automatic timing equipment.
[FINA MSW 5 and FINA World Record Application Form and Instructions
#4; USMS 103.18.4 and 105.3.6A]
FMS1.13 Splits and relay disqualification—USMS will not allow the initial relay
split to count as an individual time if the relay is disqualified. FINA requires
only that the leadoff swimmer is not disqualified for the leadoff split to
count as an individual time. [FINA SW 11.5 and 11.6; USMS 103.18.1C
and 105.2.2D]
FMS1.14 Records—Applications for FINA Masters world records must be submitted
within 60 days from the end of the event. Applications may be submitted only for performances at USMS-sanctioned meets. Applications for
USMS records must be submitted within 90 days of the end of the season.
A one-time pool measurement is required unless there are changes to the
pool causing the measurements to change. Measurement procedures are
determined by each Federation. [FINA MSW 5, SW 12.10, and Masters
Swimming World Record Detailed Application Instructions, Point 6; USMS
105.3.8, 105.5, and Appendix B, “Application for USMS and/or World
Record” and Instructions]
FMS1.15 Time standards—Any swim that does not meet the qualifying standard
at FINA world championships will receive “NT” in the results, with no
official time or place. [FINA Masters policy; USMS 104.5.8 and Appendix
B, “Preparation of Meet Results”]
FMS1.16 Report and notification of disqualification—FINA stroke and turn judges
are required to report violations on signed cards and are not required to raise
a hand. FINA requires notification of disqualification via posted code in
the meet results. USMS rules state that the official will make every effort
to contact the swimmer. [FINA SW 2.6.6, 2.7.3, and MSW 3.10; USMS
102.13.1, 102.13.2, and 103.6.2]
FMS1.17 Announcing results of protested events—FINA does not appear to have
an explicit rule on this subject. [FINA GR 9.2; USMS 102.14.1]
FMS1.18 Competing under protest—FINA has no explicit rule regarding competing
under protest. [FINA GR 9.2; USMS 102.14.2]
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FMS1.19 Protests of swimming rules—FINA gives authority for the final decision
to the referee. USMS gives authority to the referee for protests against
judgment decisions of starters and stroke, turn, and relay take-off judges
and for some final decisions, USMS gives authority to the meet committee
or protest panel or to the LMSC or USMS Rules Committee chair with
an explicit timeline and communication structure. [FINA GR 9.2; USMS
102.14.3-5 and 104.5.9]
FMS1.20 Fees for protests—FINA requires a fee of 100 Swiss francs or its equivalent to be submitted with the protest (the fee is refunded if the protest is
upheld). USMS does not require a fee for filing protests. [FINA GR 9.2.2
and 9.2.4; USMS 102.14 and 104.5.9]
FMS1.21 Rejection and appeal of protests—FINA allows the referee to reject
protests. The team leader may appeal the rejections to a Jury of Appeal for
a final decision. USMS uses a meet committee, a protest committee , the
LMSC, or the USMS Rules Committee. [FINA GR 9.2.3 and 9.3; USMS
102.14.2, 102.14.4, and 102.14.5]
FMS1.22 Smoking and tobacco—FINA bans smoking in any area designated for
competitors. USMS bans the use of all tobacco products on the pool deck,
in locker rooms, in the spectator seating and standing areas, and in all areas
used by swimmers. [FINA GR 8; USMS 102.15]
Preparation of Meet Results
Meet results (pool and open water) must include the name of the meet, the location
of the meet (name of pool or open water venue, city, and state), the date of the meet,
the name, address, or email address of the meet director, the name and certification
status of the officials (referee, starter, and stroke and turn judges), and the sanction or
approval number.
The results of each event shall be published in the following order:
Individual events:
1. Print women’s results first, then men’s results.
2. For each gender, print results by age group from youngest to oldest.
3. For each age group, print results in the following stroke order: freestyle, backstroke,
breaststroke, butterfly, and individual medley.
4. For each stroke, print events in order from shortest to longest.
Relay events:
1. Print women’s relay results first, then men’s relay results, then mixed relay results.
Results must include the names and ages of all swimmers.
2. For each gender, print the relay results in the order of age groups, youngest to oldest.
3. For each age group, print results in the following order: 200 freestyle relay, 200
medley relay, 400 freestyle relay, 400 medley relay, and 800 freestyle relay.
Split results:
All splits from split notification forms that have been certified by the meet referee
shall be listed separately with swimmer’s name, event, and split time.
Storage requirements for meet documents:
Results, tapes, timing printouts, time cards, heat sheets, timers’ heat sheets, or swimmer lists, electronic meet files, and other information used to compile results and
records shall be kept for a minimum of two years after the conclusion of the meet.
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
Page 131
B
APPENDIX B
Adjustments for Women’s National
Qualifying Times for Swims at Altitude
3,000–4,249 ft.
Age
Group
18-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100+
200
400–500
0.47
0.50
0.48
0.51
0.51
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.58
0.66
0.72
0.80
0.87
0.95
1.10
1.31
2.37
2.50
2.38
2.56
2.55
2.60
2.72
2.75
2.90
3.30
3.58
3.98
4.34
4.75
5.50
6.55
800–
1000
4,250–6,499 ft.
15001650
4.75 10.44
5.00 11.00
4.75 10.46
5.13 11.28
5.10 11.23
5.21 11.45
5.44 11.97
5.49 12.09
5.80 12.75
6.60 14.52
7.16 15.76
7.95 17.50
8.69 19.11
9.51 20.92
10.99 24.19
13.11 28.84
200
1.14
1.20
1.14
1.23
1.22
1.25
1.31
1.32
1.39
1.58
1.72
1.91
2.08
2.28
2.64
3.15
6,500+ ft.
800–
1000
1500–
1650
200
400–500
800–
1000
1500–
1650
4.75
9.49
5.00 10.00
4.75
9.51
5.13 10.25
5.10 10.21
5.21 10.41
5.44 10.89
5.49 10.99
5.80 11.59
6.60 13.20
7.16 14.32
7.95 15.91
8.69 17.37
9.51 19.02
10.99 21.99
13.11 26.33
21.83
23.00
21.87
23.58
23.48
23.95
25.04
25.27
26.66
30.36
32.95
36.58
39.95
43.74
50.57
60.30
1.52
1.60
1.52
1.64
1.63
1.67
1.74
1.76
1.85
2.11
2.29
2.54
2.78
3.04
3.52
4.20
6.64
7.00
6.66
7.18
7.15
7.29
7.62
7.69
8.11
9.24
10.03
11.13
12.16
13.31
15.39
18.35
14.24
15.00
14.26
15.38
15.31
15.62
16.33
16.48
17.39
19.80
21.49
23.86
26.06
28.52
32.98
39.33
30.85
32.50
30.90
33.32
33.18
33.84
35.38
35.71
37.68
42.90
46.55
51.69
56.45
61.80
71.46
85.21
400–500
Adjustments for Men’s National
Qualifying Times for Swims at Altitude
3,000–4,249 ft.
Age
Group
200
18-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100+
0.52
0.50
0.53
0.53
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.59
0.62
0.64
0.70
0.70
0.80
0.93
1.09
1.50
2.26
Page 132
800–
400–500
1000
2.58
2.50
2.67
2.63
2.69
2.77
2.82
2.96
3.08
3.20
3.50
3.50
3.99
4.64
5.44
7.50
11.32
5.17
5.00
5.33
5.25
5.38
5.53
5.64
5.92
6.17
6.39
7.00
7.00
7.97
9.28
10.87
15.00
22.64
4,250–6,499 ft.
1500–
1650
200
11.37
11.00
11.73
11.55
11.84
12.17
12.42
13.02
13.57
14.06
15.40
15.41
17.54
20.41
23.92
32.99
49.82
1.24
1.20
1.28
1.26
1.29
1.33
1.35
1.42
1.48
1.53
1.68
1.68
1.91
2.23
2.61
3.60
5.43
800400–500
1000
5.17
5.00
5.33
5.25
5.38
5.53
5.64
5.92
6.17
6.39
7.00
7.00
7.97
9.28
10.87
15.00
22.64
6,500+ ft.
15001650
10.34 23.77
10.00 23.00
10.66 24.53
10.50 24.16
10.76 24.75
11.06 25.44
11.29 25.96
11.83 27.22
12.34 28.38
12.79 29.41
14.00 32.19
14.01 32.22
15.95 36.68
18.55 42.67
21.75 50.02
29.99 68.98
45.29 104.16
200
400–500
1.65
1.60
1.71
1.68
1.72
1.77
1.81
1.89
1.97
2.05
2.24
2.24
2.55
2.97
3.48
4.80
7.25
7.24
7.00
7.46
7.35
7.53
7.74
7.90
8.28
8.64
8.95
9.80
9.81
11.16
12.99
15.22
20.99
31.70
800–
1000
1500–
1650
15.50 33.59
15.00 32.50
16.00 34.66
15.76 34.14
16.14 34.98
16.59 35.95
16.93 36.68
17.75 38.46
18.51 40.10
19.18 41.55
21.00 45.49
21.01 45.52
23.92 51.82
27.83 60.29
32.62 70.68
44.99 97.47
67.93 147.18
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
APPENDIX B
United States Masters Swimming Inc.
Pool Length Certification Form (rev. 10/21/2016)
Measurement procedures for completing this form are found on the next page. Please review
them before measuring your pool and submitting this form. Only this side needs to be submitPool Length
ted for your pool certification.
25 Yards 25 Meters 50 Meters
1. Facility and Event Information
Moveable Bulkhead
Pool name ______________________________________
Yes
No
City____________ State____________ Zip____________ Number of Touchpads in place
Evt. Name_______________________________________ at time of the measurement
Note: For facilities with multiple pools, please identify the ZeroOne Two
specific pool being measured either by unique pool name
within the facility or the pool location in relation to other pools within the entire facility.
2. Measurement parameters (circle answer)
a. Measuring device (see instructions): Steel tape?
Laser?
Other________________
b. Distances measured in (check one)
____ feet with feet displayed as a decimal to 1/100 like 75.01 feet
____ feet/inches with inches displayed as a fraction to 1/8 like 75 ft 3/8 in.
____ meters with meters displayed as a decimal to 1/100 like 50.01m
____ meters/centimeters with centimeters displayed a 50m 1 cm
3. Measurements
A. Initial Measurement (Pre-Meet Bulkhead Confirmation)
Lane 1 ____________ Lane 2 ___________ Lane 3 _____________ Lane 4 _______________
Lane 5 ____________ Lane 6 ___________ Lane 7 _____________ Lane 8 _______________
Lane 9 ___________ Lane 10 __________ Lane 11 ____________ Lane 12 _______________
B. Bulkhead Confirmation Measurements:
Additional Bulkhead Confirmation measurements must be made after each session. Note lane
number and length of the lane.
After
Session
#
Date
L-Outer
Lane #
L-Outer
Lane
Length
Center
Lane #
Center
Lane
Length
R-Outer
Lane #
R-Outer
Lane
Length
1
2
3
4. Measured by: Submitted by:
Name:_____________________________Name:__________________________________
Title:______________________________Title:___________________________________
Address:___________________________Address ________________________________
City _______________________________ City ___________________________________
State ______________________________ State ___________________________________
ZIP________________________________ZIP ____________________________________
Date ______________________________ Date ___________________________________
Maintaining pool length certification forms is an LMSC responsibility. Completed forms should be
sent to the Top Ten Recorder of the LMSC. Attach a copy of this form to record applications if the
form is not already on file with the USMS National Swims Coordinator. If a bulkhead is used, a copy
of this form from the beginning of the meet and for each session must be included with meet results
sent to the LMSC Top Ten Recorder in order to verify bulkhead placement. For a record application, the bulkhead measurement on this form should be attached to and submitted with the Record
Application form. To add the pool to the USMS List of Measured Pools, e-mail a copy of this form to
Mary Beth Windrath, National Swims Coordinator, records@usms.org. Measure before applying for
a sanction.
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
Page 133
B
APPENDIX B
Measurement Procedures
• Additional information can be found in the Records and Tabulation section of the
USMS Guide to Operations, which can be found on the USMS website or obtained
from your LMSC Top Ten Recorder.
• Note that existing certification forms may be used if on file with the pool, the
LMSC, USMS or FINA, as long as all lanes have been measured.
• A 25 meter pool measures 82 feet 0.25 inch. A 50 meter pool measures 164 feet
0.50 inch.
• Measurements must be conducted using a measuring device with a minimum
measuring quality of a steel tape over the nominal distance. A laser measuring
device may be used, but it must be as accurate as required for steel tapes. The
accuracy of the measuring device must provide accuracy of at least ± 0.005 m (±
0.20 inch or 0.016 foot). This tolerance refers to the tolerance of the measuring
device only. A pool must always be at least as long the specified distance in the
rulebook, which has a minus zero tolerance.
• Tapes may not be combined to perform the measurements. Fiberglass or other
flexible tapes may not be used to perform measurements.
• Measurements may be reported in either the English system (feet/inches) or the
metric system (meters/centimeters).
• For initial certification, one measurement must be conducted for each lane of
competition. For bulkhead confirmation, only the outermost lanes and a center
lane must be measured.
• Inspect each end of the pool. In general, if a protrusion would have an adverse
impact on the length of the course in the area where a touchpad would be placed
(to 0.80 meter below the surface of the water), the protrusion must be used as
a measurement point. Otherwise, measurements must be taken in the center of
each lane at water level.
• Measurements may be conducted with or without touchpads in place. If no touchpads are in place at the time of measurement, any pads used during competition
will be factored into the length using a pad width of 1 centimeter (or 0.25 inches)
per lane per pad.
• Permanent courses need only be measured once unless structural changes, including resurfacing, have occurred since original measurement.
• For a pool with a moveable bulkhead, if the initial pool length certification for all
lanes is on file, the following rules must be observed.
• For events sanctioned by USMS, proper bulkhead placement must be confirmed
before the meet and after each session of the meet. Bulkhead placement is
confirmed by course measurement of the two outside lanes and a middle lane.
• The measurement rules and policies of FINA shall be the standard for events
sanctioned by a FINA Masters member federation other than USMS. Currently
(Jan 2017) FINA does not require bulkhead measurements for either FINA
Top 10 or Records.
• The measurement rules and policies of USA Swimming shall be the standard
for Top 10 eligibility for events sanctioned by USA-S. Currently (Jan 2017)
USA-S only requires bulkhead placement measurements for national records,
so times achieved by USMS at USA-S meets are eligible for Top 10 consideration without bulkhead measurements. The measurement rules and policies
of USMS shall apply for dual sanctioned events, so at these meets bulkhead
measurements must be performed for times to be considered for either USMS
Top 10 or Records.
Page 134
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
APPENDIX B
Application for USMS and/or World Record (rev 10/19/2016)
1. Course ________ SCY______SCM ________ LCM 2. Distance ______________3.Stroke ________
50-100-200-400-500-800-1000-1500-1650 free-back-breast-fly-IM-FR-MR
4. Official time ______ :____ .____ 5. Date of swim (mm/dd/yyyy):
__________________________
mins:
secs.
hundredths
6. Timing System
Circle Timing Level
Circle Number per lane
Automatic Timing System
Primary
Pads
2
or
1
Semi-Automatic Timing System
Primary or Secondary
Buttons
3
or
2
or
1
Manual Timing System Watches
Primary or Secondary or Tertiary
Watches
3
or
2
or
1
7. Age group_________________ Club name_____________________ Federation____________________
Enter Individual Swimmer Information on Line 1 or, if relay, use all four lines to name each swimmer in
swim order and provide personal information.
#
Last Name
First Name
Gender
(M/F)
Birthdate
(mm/dd/yyyy)
Age
USMS Number
1
2
3
4
8. Pool name:_____________________________ City ________________________ State____________
Last day of meet:______________ Sanction or recognition #______________________ LMSC_________
9. Select one: ___USMS sanctioned ___USMS recognized ___USA-S meet ___USMS/USA dual sanctioned
10. Is a copy of the swimmer’s birth certificate (or passport) attached or on file with the USMS records administrator?_Y_N
11. Is the pool length certification attached or on file with the USMS records administrator? _
_Y_N
12. Have structural changes, including resurfacing, been made to the pool since the last pool length certification? _Y_N
13. Is the racing course fixed by a moveable bulkhead? _Y_N
(If yes, course measurement must be confirmed at the conclusion of the session during which the record time was achieved.)
14. REFEREE: I certify that the required number of personnel officiated during the above performance and
were properly qualified officials, and the described performance complied with the rules of United States
Masters Swimming including the use of Legal Swim Suits.
Name ____________________________ Date ____________ Signature _____________________________
15. Record application submitted by:
Name _______________________ Signature ______________________________ Date_________________
Address ___________________________________________ Phone (________ ) _____________________
City _______________________ State______ ZIP_________ Email __________________________________
OFFICE USE ONLY:
USMS Records Administrator If this is a World Record, then I certify that this Masters meet has fulfilled
the FINA Rule MSW 5.3 requirements.
Name______________________________Signature_________________________ Date____________
FINA Masters Recorder
Name______________________________Signature_________________________ Date____________
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
Page 135
B
APPENDIX B
USMS and World Record Applications
Instructions: Complete the above form, items 1-15, in its entirety. World records
are due within 60 days of the swim. National Records are due within 90 days of the
end of the season of the swim. Records can only be set in fresh water pools.
• Attach the printout showing event number, heat number, splits, and backup from
the electronic timing system. Meet results are not a substitute for the timing system
printout.
• If the primary timing system is manual timing, attach a time card with the signatures
of all three timers.
• Attach a copy of the heat sheet showing swimmer’s name, event number, heat
number, and lane number assignment.
• If a moveable bulkhead, attach a copy of the Pool Length Certification form showing
the measurements from the session of the record swim.
• Swims done at recognized or USA-S meets do not qualify for world records.
• World Records can only be established in a Masters meet as per FINA Rule MSW
5.3 which states the meet must be:
a) formally sanctioned by a FINA Member Federation; and
b) organized for or on behalf of a club or an organization, which is a member of
this FINA Member Federation or recognized by FINA; and
c) conducted under the rules of FINA (and specially those relevant to Masters
Swimming); and
d) in which only swimmers registered in a club member of a FINA Member Federation participated.
• Swimmer’s age is as of December 31 of the year of competition for LCM and SCM
courses, and as of the last day of the meet for SCY courses.
• Send all information to: Mary Beth Windrath, 10235 SW Citation Dr, Beaverton,
OR 97008, USMSRecords@usms.org
Documentation requirements for USMS long distance records:
• Completed “Application for USMS Long Distance Record.” Refer to the GTO for
the application forms.
• Proof of achieved time or distance swum.
• For postal events, a lap-count checkoff sheet listing all split times and bearing the
signature, name, address, and phone number of the lap counter/timer.
• For cable swims, a copy of the course certification, if it is not already on file according to article 302.3.1A.
Page 136
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
APPENDIX B
United States Masters Swimming, Inc.
SPLIT NOTIFICATION FORM
Event
Event #
Heat #
Lane#
Split Event
Time
Swimmer’s Name
Sex
Age
Meet
Date
Approved by:
Initial split times from an individual or relay event will be accepted as an
individual performance and will be considered for Top 10 if it is deemed
an official time in accordance with Articles 103.17.3, Articles 103.18.5–
103.18.7 and Article 103.18.10. Split times will be considered for a
USMS record only if recorded by automatic timing (for a world record:
automatic timing, three semiautomatic buttons, or three valid watches).
The swimmer must notify the meet referee of the intent to record an initial
split time prior to the conclusion of the meet. The request for relay leadoff
split times and initial backstroke distance times in individual backstroke
events must be made prior to the swim.
B
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
Page 137
APPENDIX B
United States Masters Swimming, Inc.
REPORT OF OCCURRENCE
It is important to have written incident reports on file regarding injuries (to
participants, spectators, coaches, or other volunteers), property damage or
other incidents that occur during U.S. Masters Swimming sanctioned or
approved activities or events.
Examples of incidents which need to be reported include, but are not limited
to, the following:
• Bodily Injury or Illness
• Fatality
• Property Damage
• Missing Person(s)
The Incident Report form should be completed at the time of an accident,
injury or other incident. The report is to be completed by a coach, meet
director, or meet official.
The Incident Report form is posted online in the USMS Guide to Operations:
www.usms.org/admin/lmschb/gto_ins_report_of_occurrence.pdf
Completed Incident Report forms should be submitted as soon as possible
to:
USMS National Office
ATTN: Membership Department
1751 Mound Street, Suite 201
Sarasota, FL 34236
Email: USMS@usms.org
(941) 256-USMS (8767) Phone
(941) 556-SWIM (7946) Facsimile
Page 138
2017 U.S. Masters Swimming Rule Book
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