Version : 1.0
ii
Vigor122 User’s Guide
Vigor122
ADSL2/2+ Modem
User’s Guide
Version: 1.0
Firmware Version: V3.2.10
(For future update, please visit DrayTek web site)
Date: July 4, 2016
Vigor122 User’s Guide
iii
Copyrights
© All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is protected by copyright. No part may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language without
written permission from the copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.

Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista, 7 and Explorer are trademarks of Microsoft Corp.

Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.

Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
Safety Instructions

Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the modem.

The modem is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be authorized and qualified
personnel. Do not try to open or repair the modem yourself.

Do not place the modem in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.

The modem should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range of +5 to +40 Celsius.

Do not expose the modem to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing and electronic components
may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.

Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic shock hazards.

Keep the package out of reach of children.

When you want to dispose of the modem, please follow local regulations on conservation of the
environment.
Warranty

We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the modem will be free from any defects in workmanship
or materials for a period of two (2) years from the date of purchase from the dealer. Please keep your
purchase receipt in a safe place as it serves as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon
proof of purchase, should the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or materials,
we will, at our discretion, repair or replace the defective products or components, without charge for either
parts or labor, to whatever extent we deem necessary tore-store the product to proper operating condition.
Any replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal value, and
will be offered solely at our discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is modified, misused,
tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working conditions. The warranty does
not cover the bundled or licensed software of other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the
usability of the product will not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the manual and
online documentation and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to
notify any person of such revision or changes.
Be a Registered Owner

Web registration is preferred. You can register your Vigor router via http://www.DrayTek.com.
Firmware & Tools Updates

Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all routers will be regularly upgraded. Please consult
the DrayTek web site for more information on newest firmware, tools and documents.
http://www.DrayTek.com
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Vigor122 User’s Guide
European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
DrayTek Corp.
Address:
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, Hukou Township, Hsinchu Industrial Park, Hsinchu County, Taiwan 303
Product:
Vigor122
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor122 is in compliance with the following essential requirements and other
relevant provisions of R&TTE 1999/5/EC, ErP 2009/125/EC and RoHS 2011/65/EU.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class B and EN55024/Class B.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950-1.
This product is designed for the DSL network throughout the EC region.
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment
off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
More update, please visit www.draytek.com.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
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Table of Contents
Part I Installation ................................................................................................................1
I-1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 2
I-1-1 Indicators and Connectors .................................................................................................. 3
I-2 Hardware Installation .................................................................................................................... 5
I-2-1 Installing Vigor Device ......................................................................................................... 5
I-3 Accessing Web Page .................................................................................................................... 6
I-4 Changing Password...................................................................................................................... 8
I-5 Online Status................................................................................................................................. 9
I-6 Quick Start Wizard .......................................................................................................................11
I-6-1 Setting PPPoE/PPPoA Connection................................................................................... 11
I-6-2 Setting Routed IP/Bridged IP Connection ......................................................................... 14
Part II Connectivity ..........................................................................................................17
II-1 Internet Access........................................................................................................................... 18
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 19
II-1-1 Internet Access................................................................................................................. 19
II-1-1-1 Details Page for PPPoE/PPPoA .........................................................19
II-1-1-2 Details Page for MPoA...................................................................21
II-1-2 Multi-PVCs........................................................................................................................ 25
II-2 LAN ............................................................................................................................................ 27
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 28
II-2-1 General Setup .................................................................................................................. 28
II-3 NAT ............................................................................................................................................ 30
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 31
II-3-1 Port Redirection................................................................................................................ 31
II-3-2 DMZ Host ......................................................................................................................... 34
II-3-3 Open Ports ....................................................................................................................... 36
II-4 Applications ................................................................................................................................ 38
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 39
II-4-1 Dynamic DNS ................................................................................................................... 39
II-4-2 Schedule........................................................................................................................... 41
II-4-3 UPnP ................................................................................................................................ 43
II-4-4 IGMP................................................................................................................................. 45
II-5 Routing....................................................................................................................................... 46
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 46
II-5-1 Static Route ...................................................................................................................... 46
Part III Security.................................................................................................................49
III-1 Firewall...................................................................................................................................... 50
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 52
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Vigor122 User’s Guide
III-1-1 General Setup ................................................................................................................. 52
III-1-2 Filter Setup ...................................................................................................................... 53
III-1-3 DoS Defense ................................................................................................................... 57
Part IV Management ........................................................................................................61
IV-1 System Maintenance ................................................................................................................ 62
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 63
IV-1-1 System Status ................................................................................................................. 63
IV-1-2 TR-069 ............................................................................................................................ 64
IV-1-3 Administrator Password .................................................................................................. 65
IV-1-4 Configuration Backup...................................................................................................... 66
IV-1-5 Syslog/Mail Alert ............................................................................................................. 68
IV-1-6 Time and Date................................................................................................................. 70
IV-1-7 Management ................................................................................................................... 71
IV-1-8 Reboot System................................................................................................................ 72
IV-1-9 Firmware Upgrade .......................................................................................................... 73
Part V Others....................................................................................................................75
V-1 Objects Settings......................................................................................................................... 76
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 77
V-1-1 IP Object .......................................................................................................................... 77
V-1-2 IP Group........................................................................................................................... 79
V-1-3 Service Type Object......................................................................................................... 80
V-1-4 Service Type Group ......................................................................................................... 82
Part VI Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................85
VI-1 Diagnostics ............................................................................................................................... 86
Web User Interface .................................................................................................................... 87
VI-1-1 Dial-out Triggering........................................................................................................... 87
VI-1-2 Routing Table.................................................................................................................. 88
VI-1-3 ARP Cache Table ........................................................................................................... 88
VI-1-4 DHCP Table .................................................................................................................... 89
VI-1-5 NAT Sessions Table ....................................................................................................... 90
VI-1-6 Ping Diagnosis ................................................................................................................ 90
VI-1-7 Trace Route .................................................................................................................... 91
VI-2 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not ......................................................................... 92
VI-3 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not....................... 93
VI-4 Pinging the modem from Your Computer ................................................................................. 96
VI-5 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not.............................................................................. 98
VI-6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ...................................................................... 98
VI-7 Contacting DrayTek .................................................................................................................. 99
Part VII Telnet Commands.............................................................................................101
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Accessing Telnet of Vigor122 ......................................................................................................... 102
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Vigor122 User’s Guide
Part I Installation
This part will introduce Vigor router and guide to
install the device in hardware and software.
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I-1 Introduction
This is a generic International version of the user guide. Specification,
compatibility and features vary by region. For specific user guides
suitable for your region or product, please contact local distributor.
Vigor122, an ADSL2/2+ modem, integrates IP layer QoS, NAT session/bandwidth management
to help users control works well with large bandwidth.
DrayTek Vigor122 supports PPPoE/PPPoA relay (PPPoA to PPPoE bridging) and the firewall,
router or PC all can log into the Internet (your ISP) directly, having complete control over the
ADSL connection.
Therefore it is possible to connect a PPPoE client to the Vigor122 (firewall, Ethernet-WAN
router, Apple Airpor or PC) even if the connection to your ISP is still PPPoA (unlike
other-brand modems which only offers PPPoE native bridging). This unique feature is very
convenient for PPPoA -based ISPs.
With the Vigor122 bridge/modem, you can have a true single public IP address (or multiple, if
you subscribe them) rightly through to your router/or firewall, which also has full control of
the ISP connection.
Accordingly, it is ideal for home users and client running multi WAN routers like the Vigor3900,
Vigor2960, Vigor3220, Vigor2952, Vigor2925, Vigor2912 series and even connecting to the
second WAN port on the Vigor2860 series.
The Vigor122 supports TR-069 and it works with most TR-069-based central management
system. VigorACS centralized management system can also facilitate ISP's deployment of
installing Vigor122 and provide professional remote management for ISP.
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Vigor122 User’s Guide
I-1-1 Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and
connectors first.
LED
ACT
DSL
LAN
Bridge
WAN
DoS
CSM
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Status
Off
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Explanation
The system is not ready or is failed.
The system is ready and can work normally.
DSL connection synchronized.
DSL connection is synchronizing.
A normal connection is through its corresponding port.
LAN is disconnected.
Data is transmitting (sending/receiving).
Bridge mode is enabled.
Bridge mode is disabled.
Internet connection is established.
Internet connection is not established.
Data is transmitting (sending/receiving).
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while detecting an attack.
The profile(s) of CSM (Content Security Management) for
IM/P2P, URL/Web Content Filter application can be
enabled from Firewall >>General Setup. (Such profile
must be established under CSM menu).
3
Interface
DSL
Description
Connecter for accessing the Internet through ADSL2/2+.
LAN
Connecter for xDSL / Cable modem or router.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the modem. Press the
button and keep for more than 10 seconds. Then the modem will
restart with the factory default configuration.
On/Off
Power switch.
PWR: Connecter for a power adapter.
Info
4
For the sake of security, make the accessory kit away from children.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
I-2 Hardware Installation
I-2-1 Installing Vigor Device
Before starting to configure the modem, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect the DSL interface to the MODEM port of external ADSL splitter with an ADSL line
cable.
2.
Connect the LAN port to your computer with a RJ-45 cable.
3.
Connect one end of the power adapter to the Power port of this device. Connect the
other end to the wall outlet of electricity.
4.
Power on the modem.
5.
Check the ACT, LAN, and DSL LEDs to assure network connections.
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I-3 Accessing Web Page
1.
Make sure your PC connects to the modem correctly.
You may either simply set up your computer to get IP dynamically from the modem or
set up the IP address of the computer to be the same subnet as the default IP address
of Vigor router 192.168.1.1. For the detailed information, please refer to the later
section - Trouble Shooting of the guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The following window
will be open to ask for username and password.
3.
Please type “admin/admin” as the Username/Password and click Login.
Info
6
If you fail to access to the web configuration, please go to “Trouble Shooting” for
detecting and solving your problem.
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4.
Now, the Main Screen will appear.
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I-4 Changing Password
Please change the password for the original security of the modem.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password.
2.
Please type “admin/admin” as Username/Password for accessing into the web user
interface with admin mode.
3.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password.
4.
Enter the login password (the default is “admin”) on the field of Old Password. Type
New Password and Confirm Password. Then click OK to continue.
Info
5.
Info
8
The maximum length of the password you can set is 23 characters.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web user interface for this router.
Even the password is changed, the Username for logging onto the web user interface
is still “admin”.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
I-5 Online Status
Such page displays the physical connection status such as LAN connection status, WAN
connection status, ADSL information, and so on.
Detailed explanation (for IPv4) is shown below:
Item
Description
LAN Status
Primary DNS-Displays the primary DNS server address for
WAN interface.
Secondary DNS -Displays the secondary DNS server address
for WAN interface.
IP Address-Displays the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets-Displays the total transmitted packets at the
LAN interface.
RX Packets-Displays the total received packets at the LAN
interface.
WAN1 Status
Enable – Yes in red means such interface is available but
not enabled. Yes in green means such interface is enabled.
Line – Displays the physical connection of this interface.
Name – Display the name of the modem.
Mode - Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time - Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP - Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP - Displays the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets - Displays the total transmitted packets at the
WAN interface.
TX Rate - Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the
WAN interface.
RX Packets - Displays the total number of received packets
at the WAN interface.
RX Rate - Displays the speed of received octets at the WAN
interface.
ADSL Information
ATM Statistics – Display the ATM layer information.
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Item
Description
TX Cells –Display the total number of ATM transmission
cells.
RX Cells –Display the total number of ATM received cells.
TX CRC errs – Display the total number of transmission CRC
errors.
RX CRC errs –Display the total number of CRC errors
received.
ADSL Status –Display the ADSL layer information.
Mode – Display the type of ADSL mode, such as T1.413,
G.DMT, ADSL2+(G.992.5), and so on.
State – Display the ADSL connection status, such as Ready,
HANDSHAKING, SHOWTIME and so on.
Up Speed – Display the upstream rate.
Down Speed – Display the downstream rate.
SNR Margin – Display number of SRR Margin.
Loop Att .- Display the number of Loop Attenuation.
Info
10
The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface is ready for
accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the WAN connection of that interface
is not ready for accessing Internet.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
I-6 Quick Start Wizard
The configuration provide here can help you to deploy and use the modem quickly.
I-6-1 Setting PPPoE/PPPoA Connection
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE connection
for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information about user
name, password, and authentication mode.
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE connection, please select PPPoE for this modem.
1.
Click Quick Start wizard.
2.
The first screen of Quick Start Wizard is entering login password of the web user
interface. After typing the password, please click Next.
3.
You can configure the modem to access the Internet with different protocol/modes such
as PPPoE/PPPoA or Bridged or Routed. The modem supports the ADSL WAN interface
for Internet access. In this case, choose PPPoE/PPPoA.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
12
Item
Description
VPI
Stands for Virtual Path Identifier. It is an 8-bit header inside
each ATM cell that indicates where the cell should be routed.
The ATM, is a method of sending data in small packets of
fixed sizes. It is used for transferring data to client
computers.
VCI
Stands for Virtual Channel Identifier. It is a 16-bit field
inside ATM cell’s header that indicates the cell’s next
destination as it travels through the network. A virtual
channel is a logical connection between two end devices on
the network.
Auto detect
Click it to detect suitable values below by the modem
automatically.
Protocol/Encapsulat
ion
Select an IP mode for this WAN interface. There are several
available modes for Internet access such as PPPoE, PPPoA.
Fixed IP
Click Yes to specify a fixed IP for the modem. Otherwise,
click No (Dynamic IP) to allow the modem choosing a
dynamic IP. If you choose No, the following IP Address,
Subnet Mask and Default Gateway will not be changed.
IP Address
Assign an IP address for the protocol that you select.
Subnet Mask
Assign a subnet mask value for the protocol of MPoA/Static
or Dynamic IP.
Default Gateway
Assign an IP address to the gateway for the protocol of
MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP.
Primary DNS
Assign an IP address to the primary DNS.
Second DNS
Assign an IP address to the secondary DNS.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
4.
After finished the above settings, click Next to access into next page.
Available parameters are listed belo
Item
Description
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP. It will
be used to access Internet.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP. It will be used to
access Internet.
Confirm Password
Retype the password.
5.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
6.
Click Finish. The Quick Start Wizard Setup OK page will be displayed.
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I-6-2 Setting Routed IP/Bridged IP Connection
1.
Click Quick Start wizard.
2.
The first screen of Quick Start Wizard is entering login password of the web user
interface. After typing the password, please click Next.
3.
Click 1483 Routed IP or 1483 Bridged IP as the Internet Access type. Simply click Next
to continue.
Available settings are explained as follows:
14
Item
Description
VPI
Stands for Virtual Path Identifier. It is an 8-bit header inside
each ATM cell that indicates where the cell should be routed.
The ATM, is a method of sending data in small packets of
fixed sizes. It is used for transferring data to client
computers.
VCI
Stands for Virtual Channel Identifier. It is a 16-bit field
inside ATM cell’s header that indicates the cell’s next
destination as it travels through the network. A virtual
channel is a logical connection between two end devices on
Vigor122 User’s Guide
the network.
Auto detect
Click it to detect suitable values below by the modem
automatically.
Protocol/Encapsulatio
n
Select an IP mode for this WAN interface. There are several
available modes for Internet access such as 1483 Routed IP
or 1483 Bridged IP.
Fixed IP
Click Yes to specify a fixed IP for the modem. Otherwise,
click No (Dynamic IP) to allow the modem choosing a
dynamic IP. If you choose No, the following IP Address,
Subnet Mask and Default Gateway will not be changed.
IP Address
Assign an IP address for the protocol that you select.
Subnet Mask
Assign a subnet mask value for the protocol of MPoA/Static
or Dynamic IP.
Default Gateway
Assign an IP address to the gateway for the protocol of
MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP.
Primary DNS
Assign an IP address to the primary DNS.
Second DNS
Assign an IP address to the secondary DNS.
4.
Please type in the IP address information originally provided by your ISP. Then click Next
for next step.
5.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
6.
Now, you can enjoy surfing on the Internet.
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This page is left blank.
16
Vigor122 User’s Guide
Part II Connectivity
It means wide area network. Public IP will be used in
WAN.
It means local area network. Private IP will be used in
LAN.
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets
regulated and ruled by router. The design of network
structure is related to what type of public IP addresses
coming from your ISP.
When the data flow passing through, the Network
Address Translation (NAT) function of the modem will
dedicate to translate public/private addresses, and
the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in
the local area network.
DDNS, UPnP, IGMP…
Static Route
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II-1 Internet Access
It allows users to access Internet.
Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under the
management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the NIC
has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the modem plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The modem itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the modem will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with
significant ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service
according to user requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask for
a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated via
PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server, and other
related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
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Vigor122 User’s Guide
Web User Interface
II-1-1 Internet Access
II-1-1-1 Details Page for PPPoE/PPPoA
PPPoA, included in RFC1483, can be operated in either Logical Link Control-Subnetwork
Access Protocol or VC-Mux mode. As a CPE device, Vigor modem encapsulates the PPP session
based for transport across the ADSL loop and your ISP’s Digital Subscriber Line Access
Multiplexer (SDLAM).
To choose PPPoE or PPPoA as the accessing protocol of the internet, please select
PPPoE/PPPoA from the Internet Access menu. The following web page will be shown.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
PPPoE/PPPoA Client
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you
adjusted in this page will be invalid.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are
vital for building DSL connection to your ISP.
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Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are
determined by the page of Internet Access – Multi PVCs.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
Protocol - Drop down the list to choose the protocol, PPPoE
or PPPoA.
Modulation – Choose a suitable method for PPPoE/PPoA
connection.
20
PPPoE Pass-through
The modem offers PPPoE dial-up connection. Besides, you
also can establish the PPPoE connection directly from local
clients to your ISP via the Vigor modem. When PPPoA
protocol is selected, the PPPoE package transmitted by PC
will be transformed into PPPoA package and sent to WAN
server. Thus, the PC can access Internet through such
direction.
For Wired LAN – If you check this box, PCs on the same
network can use another set of PPPoE session (different with
the Host PC) to access into Internet. However, if this box is
checked in PPPoA protocol, only PPPoE clients on the LAN
will be served and only one session is allowed.
Vlan Tag Insertion
Check the box to enable the function of VLAN with tag.
The router will add specific VLAN number to all packets on
the WAN while sending them out.
Tag value – Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The range
is form 0 to 4095.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your
ISP. If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can
check Always On.
ISP Name – Type the name of the ISP if required.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field.
The maximum length of the user name you can set is 63
characters.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
The maximum length of the password you can set is 62
characters.
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for
PPP.
Always On - If you want to connect to Internet all the time,
check the Always On box.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the
Internet after passing through the time without any action.
IP Address From ISP
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time
you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP
provides service to always assign you the same IP address
whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP
address in the Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP before
you want to use this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use
WAN IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other
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than the current one you are using. Notice that this setting is
available for WAN1 only. Type the additional WAN IP address
and check the Enable box. Then click OK to exit the dialog.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
MAC Address Setting
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC Address or
specify another MAC address by typing on the boxes of MAC
Address for the modem.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the
modem manually.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of
time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set
previously in Applications >> Schedule web page and you
can use the number that you have set in that web page.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
II-1-1-2 Details Page for MPoA
MPoA is a specification that enables ATM services to be integrated with existing LANs, which
use either Ethernet, token-ring or TCP/IP protocols. The goal of MPoA is to allow different
LANs to send packets to each other via an ATM backbone.
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP address
to the WAN interface.
To use MPoA as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select MPoA mode. The following web
page will appear.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
22
Item
Description
MPoA (RFC1483/2684)
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you
adjusted in this page will be invalid.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are
vital for building DSL connection to your ISP.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are
determined by the page of Internet Access – Multi PVCs.
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Modulation – Choose a suitable method for such connection.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
RIP Protocol
Routing Information Protocol is abbreviated as RIP(RFC1058)
specifying how modems exchange routing tables information.
Click Enable RIP for activating this function.
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Vlan Tag Insertion
Check the box to enable the function of VLAN with tag.
The router will add specific VLAN number to all packets on
the WAN while sending them out.
Tag value – Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The range
is form 0 to 4095.
Bridge Mode
If you choose Bridged IP as the protocol, you can check this
box to invoke the function. The modem will work as a bridge
modem.
WAN IP Network Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically
and allows you type in IP address manually.
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to
obtain the IP address automatically.
Modem Name – Type in the modem name provided by ISP.
Domain Name – Type in the domain name that you have
assigned.
DHCP Client Identifier for
some ISP
This feature is offered for certain ISP with special request.
Enable – Check this box to enable the function of DHCP client
identifier for some ISP.
Username – Type a username used for such function.
Password – Type a password used for such function.
Specify an IP address
Click this radio button to specify some data.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use
WAN IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other
than the current one you are using. Notice that this setting is
available for WAN1 only. Type the additional WAN IP address
and check the Enable box. Then click OK to exit the dialog.
IP Address – Type in the private IP address.
Subnet Mask – Type in the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address – Type in gateway IP address.
MAC Address Setting
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Default MAC Address - Type in MAC address for the modem.
You can use Default MAC Address or specify another MAC
address for your necessity.
MAC Address – Type in the MAC address for the modem
manually.
23
DNS Server IP Address
Type in the primary IP address for the modem. If necessary,
type in secondary IP address for necessity in the future.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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II-1-2 Multi-PVCs
This router allows you to create multi-PVC for different data transferring for using. Simply go
to WAN and select Multi-PVCs page.
The system allows you to set up to eight channels which are ready for choosing as the first
PVC line that will be used as multi-PVC.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to enable that channel. The channels that you
enabled here will be shown in the Multi-PVC channel drop
down list on the web page of Internet Access. Though you
can enable eight channels in this page, yet only one channel
can be chosen on the web page of Internet Access.
VPI
Type in the value provided by your ISP.
VCI
Type in the value provided by your ISP.
QoS Type
Select a proper QoS type for the channel.
Protocol
Select a proper protocol for this channel.
Encapsulation
Choose a proper type for this channel. The types will be
different according to the protocol setting that you choose.
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WAN link for Channel 3, 4 are provided for modem-borne application such as TR-069 and VoIP.
The settings must be applied and obtained from your ISP. For your special request, please
contact with your ISP and then click WAN link of Channel 3 or 4 to configure your modem.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
WAN for Router-borne
Application
Management can be specified for general management (Web
configuration/telnet/TR069). If you choose Management,
the configuration for this VLAN will be effective for Web
configuration/telnet/TR069.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are
vital for building DSL connection to your ISP.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
QoS Type - Drop down the list to choose the type provided by
ISP.
Protocol - Drop down the list to choose the one provided by
ISP.
Encapsulation - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings and return to previous page.
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II-2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design of
network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the modem will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using
public IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is to
translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right packets
to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that assigns
private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly understanding.
What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the modem such as IP
address and the modems will automatically inform for each other.
What is Static Route
When you have several subnets in your LAN, sometimes a more effective and quicker way for
connection is the Static routes function rather than other method. You may simply set rules
to forward data from one specified subnet to another specified subnet without the presence
of RIP.
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Web User Interface
II-2-1 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN.
Click LAN to open the LAN settings page and choose General Setup.
Available settings are explained as follows:
28
Item
Description
Network Configuration
For NAT Usage,
IP Address - Type in private IP address for connecting to a
local private network (Default: 192.168.1.1).
Subnet Mask - Type in an address code that determines the
size of the network. (Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The
modem by factory default acts a DHCP server for your
network so it automatically dispatches related IP settings to
any local user configured as a DHCP client. It is highly
recommended that you leave the modem enabled as a DHCP
server if you do not have a DHCP server for your network.
If you want to use another DHCP server in the network other
than the Vigor Router’s, you can let Relay Agent help you to
redirect the DHCP request to the specified location.
Enable Server - Let the modem assign IP address to every
host in the LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to every
host in the LAN.
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for the
DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the
1st IP address of your router is 192.168.1.1, the starting IP
address must be 192.168.1.2 or greater, but smaller than
192.168.1.254.
IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that you
want the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The default is
50 and the maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP
address for the DHCP server. The value is usually as same as
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the 1st IP address of the modem, which means the modem is
the default gateway.
DNS Server IP Address
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host
must have a unique IP address, also they may have a
human-friendly, easy to remember name such as
www.yahoo.com. The DNS server converts the user-friendly
name into its equivalent IP address.
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP address
here because your ISP should provide you with usually more
than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the
modem will automatically apply default DNS Server IP
address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS server
IP address here because your ISP often provides you more
than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the
modem will automatically apply default secondary DNS
Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online
Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are left
empty, the modem will assign its own IP address to local
users as a DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS
cache, the modem will resolve the domain name
immediately. Otherwise, the modem forwards the DNS query
packet to the external DNS server by establishing a WAN (e.g.
DSL/Cable) connection.
When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
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II-3 NAT
Usually, the modem serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the modem will change its source address into the public IP address of the modem,
select the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the modem shall list
an entry in a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public
server response, the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the modem’s public IP address
and the modem will do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can
communicate with external host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:

Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address. NAT
allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP address,
thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.

Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be
aware of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
Info
30
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918.
Usually we use the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the modem. As stated before,
the NAT facility can map one or more IP addresses and/or service ports into
different specified services. In other words, the NAT function can be
achieved by using port mapping methods.
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Web User Interface
II-3-1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection is usually set up for server related service inside the local network (LAN),
such as web servers, FTP servers, E-mail servers etc. Most of the case, you need a public IP
address for each server and this public IP address/domain name are recognized by all users.
Since the server is actually located inside the LAN, the network well protected by NAT of the
modem, and identified by its private IP address/port, the goal of Port Redirection function is
to forward all access request with public IP address from external users to the mapping
private IP address/port of the server.
The port redirection can only apply to incoming traffic.
To use this function, please go to NAT page and choose Port Redirection web page. The Port
Redirection Table provides 40 port-mapping entries for the internal hosts.
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Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Display the number of the profile.
Service Name
Display the description of the specific network service.
Public Port
Display the port number which will be redirected to the
specified Private IP and Port of the internal host.
Private IP
Display the IP address of the internal host providing the
service.
Status
Display if the profile is enabled (v) or not (x).
Press any number under Index to access into next page for configuring port redirection.
Available settings are explained as follows:
32
Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to enable such port redirection setting.
Mode
Two options (Single and Range) are provided here for you to
choose. To set a range for the specific service, select Range.
In Range mode, if the public port (start port and end port)
and the starting IP of private IP had been entered, the
system will calculate and display the ending IP of private IP
automatically.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
Protocol
Select the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
WAN IP
Select the WAN IP used for port redirection. There are eight
WAN IP alias that can be selected and used for port
redirection. The default setting is All which means all the
incoming data from any port will be redirected to specified
range of IP address and port.
Public Port
Specify which port can be redirected to the specified Private
IP and Port of the internal host. If you choose Range as the
port redirection mode, you will see two boxes on this field.
Type the required number on the first box (as the starting
port) and the second box (as the ending port).
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Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing
the service. If you choose Range as the port redirection
mode, you will see two boxes on this field. Type a complete
IP address in the first box (as the starting point). The second
one will be assigned automatically later.
Private Port
Specify the private port number of the service offered by the
internal host.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Note that the modem has its own built-in services (servers) such as Telnet, HTTP and FTP etc.
Since the common port numbers of these services (servers) are all the same, you may need to
reset the modem in order to avoid confliction.
For example, the built-in web user interface in the modem is with default port 80, which may
conflict with the web server in the local network, http://192.168.1.13:80. Therefore, you
need to change the modem’s http port to any one other than the default port 80 to avoid
conflict, such as 8080. This can be set in the System Maintenance >>Management Setup. You
then will access the admin screen of by suffixing the IP address with 8080, e.g.,
http://192.168.1.1:8080 instead of port 80.
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II-3-2 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a single
host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other clients will
continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined internal user
to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special applications such as
Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
The security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host. We suggest
you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page. You can set different DMZ host for each WAN
interface. Click the WAN tab to switch into the configuration page for that WAN.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Choose Private IP or Active True IP first.
Active True IP selection is available for WAN1 only.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose
PC to select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop
up, as depicted below. The window consists of a list of private
IP addresses of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one
private IP address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog,
the IP address will be shown on the screen. Click OK to save
the setting.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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II-3-3 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
Click Open Ports to open the following page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Indicate the relative number for the particular entry that you
want to offer service in a local host. You should click the
appropriate index number to edit or clear the corresponding
entry.
Comment
Specify the name for the defined network service.
Aux. WAN IP
Display the IP alias setting used by such index. If no IP alias
setting exists, such field will not appear.
Local IP Address
Display the private IP address of the local host offering the
service.
Status
Display the state for the corresponding entry. X or V is to
represent the Inactive or Active state.
To add or edit port settings, click one index number on the page. The index entry setup page
will pop up. In each index entry, you can specify 10 port ranges for diverse services.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Open Ports
Check to enable this entry.
Comment
Make a name for the defined network application/service.
Local Computer
Enter the private IP address of the local host or click Choose
PC to select one.
Choose PC - Click this button and, subsequently, a window
having a list of private IP addresses of local hosts will
automatically pop up. Select the appropriate IP address of
the local host in the list.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP,
or ----- (none) for selection.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by
the local host.
End Port
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by the
local host.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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II-4 Applications
Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the modem to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the modem is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the modem or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It
is particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the modem.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the DDNS
service providers. The modem provides up to three accounts from three different DDNS
service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services supplied by
most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org, www.no-ip.com,
www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com. You should visit
their websites to register your own domain name for the modem.
Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in clock which can update itself manually or automatically by
means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only schedule the modem to
dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet access to certain hours so
that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say, business hours. The
schedule is also applicable to other functions.
UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT routers,
the major feature of UPnP on the modem is “NAT Traversal”. This enables applications inside
the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through a router.
IGMP
IGMP is the abbreviation of Internet Group Management Protocol. It is a communication
protocol which is mainly used for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast
groups. For invoking IGMP Snooping function, you have to check the Enable IGMP Proxy box
first for activating the IGMP proxy function.
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Web User Interface
II-4-1 Dynamic DNS
Enable the Function and Add a Dynamic DNS Account
1.
Assume you have a registered domain name from the DDNS provider, say
hostname.dyndns.org, and an account with username: test and password: test.
2.
In the DDNS setup menu, check Enable Dynamic DNS Setup.
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Enable Dynamic DNS
Setup
Check this box to enable DDNS function.
Set to Factory
Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
View Log
Display DDNS log status.
Force Update
Force the modem updates its information to DDNS server.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of DDNS setup to set account(s).
Domain Name
Display the domain name that you set on the setting page of
DDNS setup.
Active
Display if this account is active or inactive.
Select Index number 1 to add an account for the modem. Check Enable Dynamic DNS
Account, and choose correct Service Provider: dyndns.org, type the registered
hostname: hostname and domain name suffix: dyndns.org in the Domain Name block.
The following two blocks should be typed your account Login Name: test and Password:
test.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Enable Dynamic DNS
Account
Check this box to enable the current account. If you did
check the box, you will see a check mark appeared on the
Active column of the previous web page in step 2).
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom or Static). If you
choose Custom, you can modify the domain that is chosen in
the Domain Name field.
Domain Name
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use
the drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Wildcard and
Backup MX
The Wildcard and Backup MX (Mail Exchange) features are
not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers. You could get
more detailed information from their websites.
Mail Extender
If the mail server is defined with another name, please type
the name in this area. Such mail server will be used as
backup mail exchange.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
Disable the Function and Clear all Dynamic DNS Accounts
In the DDNS setup menu, uncheck Enable Dynamic DNS Setup, and push Clear All button to
disable the function and clear all accounts from the modem.
Delete a Dynamic DNS Account
In the DDNS setup menu, click the Index number you want to delete and then push Clear All
button to delete the account.
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II-4-2 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in clock which can update itself manually or automatically by
means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only schedule the modem to
dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet access to certain hours so
that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say, business hours. The
schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the modem. There is another way to set
up time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the
modem’s clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built up.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of schedule.
Status
Display if this schedule setting is active or inactive.
You can set up to 15 schedules. Then you can apply them to your Internet Access.
To add a schedule:
1.
Click any index, say Index No. 1.
2.
The detailed settings of the call schedule with index 1 are shown below.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Enable Schedule
Setup
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time (hh:mm)
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Duration Time
(hh:mm)
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
Action
Specify which action Call Schedule should apply during the
period of the schedule.
Force On -Force the connection to be always on.
Force Down -Force the connection to be always down.
Enable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be
dial-on-demand and the value of idle timeout should be
specified in Idle Timeout field.
Disable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be up
when it has traffic on the line. Once there is no traffic over
idle timeout, the connection will be down and never up again
during the schedule.
Idle Timeout
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
How often -Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Weekdays -Specify which days in one week should perform
the schedule.
Click OK button to save the settings.
Example
Suppose you want to control the PPPoE Internet access connection to be always on (Force On)
from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week. Other time the Internet access connection should be
disconnected (Force Down).
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Office
Hour:
(Force On)
Mon - Sun
9:00 am
to
6:00 pm
1.
Make sure the PPPoE connection and Time Setup is working properly.
2.
Configure the PPPoE always on from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week.
3.
Configure the Force Down from 18:00 to next day 9:00 for whole week.
4.
Assign these two profiles to the PPPoE Internet access profile. Now, the PPPoE Internet
connection will follow the schedule order to perform Force On or Force Down action
according to the time plan that has been pre-defined in the schedule profiles.
II-4-3 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT routers,
the major feature of UPnP on the modem is “NAT Traversal”. This enables applications inside
the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through a router.
Info
UPnP is required for some applications such as PPS, Skype, eMule...and etc.
If you are not familiar with UPnP, it is suggested to turn off this function for
security.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable UPNP Service
Accordingly, you can enable either the Connection Control
Service or Connection Status Service.
Default WAN
It is used to specify the WAN interface for applying such
function.
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The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some network
ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You should
consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
 Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
 Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
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II-4-4 IGMP
IGMP is the abbreviation of Internet Group Management Protocol. It is a communication
protocol which is mainly used for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast
groups.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable IGMP Proxy
Check this box to enable this function. The application of
multicast will be executed through WAN port.
Refresh
Click this link to renew the working multicast group status.
Group ID
This field displays the ID port for the multicast group. The
available range for IGMP starts from 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.254.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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II-5 Routing
Specify routing policy to determine the direction of the data transmission.
Web User Interface
II-5-1 Static Route
Go to LAN to open setting page and choose Static Route. The modem offers IPv4 and IPv6 for
you to configure the static route. Both protocols bring different web pages.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Index
The number (1 to 30) under Index allows you to open next
page to set up static route.
Destination Address
Displays the destination address of the static route.
Status
Displays the status of the static route.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all of the settings and return to factory default
settings.
Viewing Routing Table
Displays the routing table for your reference.
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Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks
Here is an example (based on IPv4) of setting Static Route in Main Router so that user A and B
locating in different subnet can talk to each other via the modem. Assuming the Internet
access has been configured and the modem works properly:

use the Main Router to surf the Internet.

create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Router A (192.168.1.2)

create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Router B (192.168.1.3).

have set Main Router 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the modem A 192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Router A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Router.
1.
Go to LAN page and click General Setup, select 1st Subnet as the RIP Protocol Control.
Then click the OK button.
Info
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There are two reasons that we have to apply RIP Protocol Control on
1st Subnet. The first is that the LAN interface can exchange RIP
packets with the neighboring routers via the 1st subnet
(192.168.1.0/24). The second is that those hosts on the internal
private subnets (ex. 192.168.10.0/24) can access the Internet via the
modem, and continuously exchange of IP routing information with
different subnets.
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2.
Click the LAN >> Static Route and click on the Index Number 1. Check the Enable box.
Please add a static route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to
192.168.10.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Enable
Click it to enable this profile.
Destination IP
Address
Type an IP address as the destination of such static route.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask for such static route.
Network Interface
Use the drop down list to specify an interface for such
static route.
3.
Return to Static Route Setup page. Click on another Index Number to add another
static route as show below, which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.3. Click OK.
4.
Go to Diagnostics and choose Routing Table to verify current routing table.
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Part III Security
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth
for multimedia, interactive applications, or distance
learning, security has been always the most
concerned. The firewall of the Vigor router helps to
protect your local network against attack from
unauthorized outsiders. It also restricts users in the
local network from accessing the Internet.
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III-1 Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
router helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It also
restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter out
specific packets that trigger the modem to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
Firewall Facilities
The users on the LAN are provided with secured protection by the following firewall facilities:

User-configurable IP filter (Call Filter/ Data Filter).

Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI): tracks packets and denies unsolicited incoming data

Selectable Denial of Service (DoS) /Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks protection
IP Filters
Depending on whether there is an existing Internet connection, or in other words “the WAN
link status is up or down”, the IP filter architecture categorizes traffic into two: Call Filter
and Data Filter.

Call Filter - When there is no existing Internet connection, Call Filter is applied to all
traffic, all of which should be outgoing. It will check packets according to the filter rules.
If legal, the packet will pass. Then the modem shall “initiate a call” to build the
Internet connection and send the packet to Internet.

Data Filter - When there is an existing Internet connection, Data Filter is applied to
incoming and outgoing traffic. It will check packets according to the filter rules. If legal,
the packet will pass the modem.
The following illustrations are flow charts explaining how router will treat incoming traffic
and outgoing traffic respectively.
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Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
Stateful inspection is a firewall architecture that works at the network layer. Unlike legacy
static packet filtering, which examines a packet based on the information in its header,
stateful inspection builds up a state machine to track each connection traversing all
interfaces of the firewall and makes sure they are valid. The stateful firewall of Vigor router
not only examines the header information also monitors the state of the connection.
Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor router to inspect every incoming packet based on
the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze
the host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as warning,
if you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor router monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the pre-defined
parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the Vigor router
will activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
The below shows the attack types that DoS/DDoS defense function can detect:
1. SYN flood attack
2. UDP flood attack
3. ICMP flood attack
4. Port Scan attack
5. IP options
6. Land attack
7. Smurf attack
8. Trace route
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9. SYN fragment
10. Fraggle attack
11. TCP flag scan
12. Tear drop attack
13. Ping of Death attack
14. ICMP fragment
15. Unassigned Numbers
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Web User Interface
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
III-1-1 General Setup
General Setup allows you to adjust settings of IP Filter and common options. Here you can
enable or disable the Call Filter or Data Filter. Under some circumstance, your filter set can
be linked to work in a serial manner. So here you assign the Start Filter Set only. Also you can
configure Accept large incoming fragmented UDP packets.
Click Firewall and click General Setup to open the general setup page.
General Setup Page
Such page allows you to enable / disable Call Filter and Data Filter, determine general rule
for filtering the incoming and outgoing data.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Call Filter
Check Enable to activate the Call Filter function. Assign a
start filter set for the Call Filter.
Data Filter
Check Enable to activate the Data Filter function. Assign a
start filter set for the Data Filter.
Accept large incoming…
Some on-line games (for example: Half Life) will use lots of
fragmented UDP packets to transfer game data. Instinctively
as a secure firewall, Vigor router will reject these
fragmented packets to prevent attack unless you enable
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“Accept large incoming fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”.
By checking this box, you can play these kinds of on-line
games. If security concern is in higher priority, you cannot
enable “Accept large incoming fragmented UDP or ICMP
Packets”.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the configuration.
III-1-2 Filter Setup
Click Firewall and click Filter Setup to open the setup page.
To edit or add a filter, click on the set number to edit the individual set. The following page
will be shown. Each filter set contains up to 7 rules. Click on the rule number button to edit
each rule. Check Active to enable the rule.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Filter Rule
Click a button numbered (1 ~ 7) to edit the filter rule. Click
the button will open Edit Filter Rule web page. For the
detailed information, refer to the following page.
Active
Enable or disable the filter rule.
Comment
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
23–character long.
Move Up/Down
Use Up or Down link to move the order of the filter rules.
Next Filter Set
Set the link to the next filter set to be executed after the
current filter run. Do not make a loop with many filter sets.
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To edit Filter Rule, click the Filter Rule index button to enter the Filter Rule setup page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Check to enable the Filter
Rule
Check this box to enable the filter rule.
Comments
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is 14character long.
Index(1-15)
Set PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You
may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules
pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule setup. The default
setting of this field is blank and the function will always
work.
Direction
Set the direction of packet flow. It is for Data Filter only. For
the Call Filter, this setting is not available since Call Filter is
only applied to outgoing traffic.
Source/Destination IP
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose the
source/destination IP or IP ranges.
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To set the IP address manually, please choose Any
Address/Single Address/Range Address/Subnet Address as
the Address Type and type them in this dialog. In addition, if
you want to use the IP range from defined groups or objects,
please choose Group and Objects as the Address Type.
From the IP Group drop down list, choose the one that you
want to apply. Or use the IP Object drop down list to choose
the object that you want.
Service Type
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose a
suitable service type.
To set the service type manually, please choose User
defined as the Service Type and type them in this dialog. In
addition, if you want to use the service type from defined
groups or objects, please choose Group and Objects as the
Service Type.
Protocol - Specify the protocol(s) which this filter rule will
apply to.
Source/Destination Port –
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
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indicates a range for the port and available for this service
type.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
all the ports except the port defined here; when the first and
last values are different, it indicates that all the ports
except the range defined here are available for this service
type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
Service Group/Object - Use the drop down list to choose the
one that you want.
Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets. And it is used for
Data Filter only.
Don’t care -No action will be taken towards fragmented
packets.
Unfragmented -Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
Fragmented - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Too Short - Apply the rule only to packets that are too short
to contain a complete header.
Filter
Specifies the action to be taken when packets match the
rule.
Block Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be
dropped immediately.
Pass Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be passed
immediately.
Block If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and
that does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and
that does not match further rules, will be passed through.
Branch to other Filter Set
If the packet matches the filter rule, the next filter rule will
branch to the specified filter set. Select next filter rule to
branch from the drop-down menu. Be aware that the modem
will apply the specified filter rule for ever and will not return
to previous filter rule any more.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the configuration.
Example
As stated before, all the traffic will be separated and arbitrated using on of two IP filters: call
filter or data filter. You may preset 12 call filters and data filters in Filter Setup and even link
them in a serial manner. Each filter set is composed by 7 filter rules, which can be further
defined. After that, in General Setup you may specify one set for call filter and one set for
data filter to execute first.
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III-1-3 DoS Defense
As a sub-functionality of IP Filter/Firewall, there are 15 types of detect/ defense function in
the DoS Defense setup. The DoS Defense functionality is disabled for default.
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Dos Defense
Check the box to activate the DoS Defense Functionality.
Select All
Click this button to select all the items listed below.
Enable SYN flood defense
Check the box to activate the SYN flood defense function.
Once detecting the Threshold of the TCP SYN packets from
the Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor
router will start to randomly discard the subsequent TCP
SYN packets for a period defined in Timeout. The goal for
this is prevent the TCP SYN packets’ attempt to exhaust the
limited-resource of Vigor router.
By default, the threshold and timeout values are set to 50
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That
means, when 50 packets per second received, they will be
regarded as “attack event” and the session will be paused
for 10 seconds.
Enable UDP flood defense
Check the box to activate the UDP flood defense function.
Once detecting the Threshold of the UDP packets from the
Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router
will start to randomly discard the subsequent UDP packets
for a period defined in Timeout.
The default setting for threshold and timeout are 150
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That
means, when 150 packets per second received, they will be
regarded as “attack event” and the session will be paused
for 10 seconds.
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58
Enable ICMP flood defense
Check the box to activate the ICMP flood defense function.
Similar to the UDP flood defense function, once if the
Threshold of ICMP packets from Internet has exceeded the
defined value, the modem will discard the ICMP echo
requests coming from the Internet.
The default setting for threshold and timeout are 50
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That
means, when 50 packets per second received, they will be
regarded as “attack event” and the session will be paused
for 10 seconds.
Enable PortScan detection
Port Scan attacks the Vigor router by sending lots of packets
to many ports in an attempt to find ignorant services would
respond. Check the box to activate the Port Scan
detection. Whenever detecting this malicious exploration
behavior by monitoring the port-scanning Threshold rate,
the Vigor router will send out a warning.
By default, the Vigor router sets the threshold as 150
packets per second. That means, when 150 packets per
second received, they will be regarded as “attack event”.
Block IP options
Check the box to activate the Block IP options function.
The Vigor router will ignore any IP packets with IP option
field in the datagram header. The reason for limitation is IP
option appears to be a vulnerability of the security for the
LAN because it will carry significant information, such as
security, TCC (closed user group) parameters, a series of
Internet addresses, routing messages...etc. An
eavesdropper outside might learn the details of your
private networks.
Block Land
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router to defense the
Land attacks. The Land attack combines the SYN attack
technology with IP spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an
attacker sends spoofed SYN packets with the identical
source and destination addresses, as well as the port
number to victims.
Block Smurf
Check the box to activate the Block Smurf function. The
Vigor router will ignore any broadcasting ICMP echo
request.
Block trace route
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router not to forward
any trace route packets.
Block SYN fragment
Check the box to activate the Block SYN fragment function.
The Vigor router will drop any packets having SYN flag and
more fragment bit set.
Block Fraggle Attack
Check the box to activate the Block fraggle Attack function.
Any broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet is
blocked.
Activating the DoS/DDoS defense functionality might block
some legal packets. For example, when you activate the
fraggle attack defense, all broadcast UDP packets coming
from the Internet are blocked. Therefore, the RIP packets
from the Internet might be dropped.
Block TCP flag scan
Check the box to activate the Block TCP flag scan function.
Any TCP packet with anomaly flag setting is dropped. Those
scanning activities include no flag scan, FIN without ACK
scan, SYN FINscan, Xmas scan and full Xmas scan.
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Block Tear Drop
Check the box to activate the Block Tear Drop function.
Many machines may crash when receiving ICMP datagrams
(packets) that exceed the maximum length. To avoid this
type of attack, the Vigor router is designed to be capable of
discarding any fragmented ICMP packets with a length
greater than 1024 octets.
Block Ping of Death
Check the box to activate the Block Ping of Death function.
This attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping
packets to the target hosts so that those target hosts will
hang once they re-construct the packets. The Vigor routers
will block any packets realizing this attacking activity.
Block ICMP Fragment
Check the box to activate the Block ICMP fragment
function. Any ICMP packets with more fragment bit set are
dropped.
Block Undefined Protocol
Check the box to activate the Block Undefined Protocol
function. Individual IP packet has a protocol field in the
datagram header to indicate the protocol type running over
the upper layer. However, the protocol types greater than
100 are reserved and undefined at this time. Therefore, the
router should have ability to detect and reject this kind of
packets.
Warning Messages
We provide Syslog function for user to retrieve message
from Vigor router. The user, as a Syslog Server, shall receive
the report sending from Vigor router which is a Syslog
Client.
All the warning messages related to DoS Defense will be
sent to user and user can review it through Syslog daemon.
Look for the keyword DoS in the message, followed by a
name to indicate what kind of attacks is detected.
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This page is left blank.
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Part IV Management
There are several items offered for the Vigor router
system setup: System Status, TR-069, Administrator
Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog /Mail Alert,
Time and Date, Management, Reboot System, and
Firmware Upgrade.
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IV-1 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
System Status, TR-069, Administrator Password, User Password, Login Page Greeting,
Configuration Backup, Syslog /Mail Alert, Time and Date, Management, Reboot System,
Firmware Upgrade, Activation and Internal Service User List.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
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Web User Interface
IV-1-1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and WAN
interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or firmware
related information from this presentation.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Model Name
Display the model name of the modem.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the modem.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
ADSL Firmware Version
ADSL Firmware Version.
LAN
MAC Address
- Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
1st IP Address
- Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
1st Subnet Mask
- Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
- Display the current status of DHCP server of the LAN
interface
DNS
- Display the assigned IP address of the primary DNS.
WAN
Link Status
- Display current connection status.
MAC Address
- Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
Connection
- Display the connection type.
IP Address
- Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
- Display the assigned IP address of the default gateway.
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IV-1-2 TR-069
This device supports TR-069 standard. It is very convenient for an administrator to manage a
TR-069 device through an Auto Configuration Server, e.g., VigorACS.
Available settings are explained as follows:
64
Item
Description
ACS Server On
Choose the interface for the modem connecting to ACS
server.
ACS Server
URL/Username/Password – Such data must be typed
according to the ACS (Auto Configuration Server) you want to
link. Please refer to Auto Configuration Server user’s manual
for detailed information.
CPE Client
Such information is useful for Auto Configuration Server.
Enable/Disable – Allow/Deny the CPE Client to connect with
Auto Configuration Server.
Port – Sometimes, port conflict might be occurred. To solve
such problem, you might change port number for CPE.
Username and Password – Type the username and password
that VigorACS can use to access into such CPE.
Periodic Inform Settings
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval time or
schedule time for the modem to send notification to CPE. Or
click Disable to close the mechanism of notification.
STUN Settings
The default is Disable. If you click Enable, please type the
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relational settings listed below:
Server IP – Type the IP address of the STUN server.
Server Port – Type the port number of the STUN server.
Minimum Keep Alive Period – If STUN is enabled, the CPE
must send binding request to the server for the purpose of
maintaining the binding in the Gateway. Please type a
number as the minimum period. The default setting is “60
seconds”.
Maximum Keep Alive Period – If STUN is enabled, the CPE
must send binding request to the server for the purpose of
maintaining the binding in the Gateway. Please type a
number as the maximum period. A value of “-1” indicates
that no maximum period is specified.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
IV-1-3 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Administrator Password
Old Password - Type in the old password. The factory default
setting for password is “admin”.
New Password -Type in new password in this field. The
length of the password is limited to 23 characters.
Confirm Password -Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access into
the web user interface again.
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IV-1-4 Configuration Backup
Such function can be used to apply the modem settings configured by Vigor2820/ Vigor2830/
Vigor2850 to Vigor122.
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following page will be
popped-up, as shown below.
Available settings are explained as follows:
66
Item
Description
Restore
Choose File – Click it to specify a file to be restored.
Click Restore to restore the configuration.
Backup
Click it to perform the configuration backup of this router.
2.
Click Backup button to get into the following dialog. Click Save button to open another
dialog for saving configuration as a file.
3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name by
yourself.
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4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or Linux
platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Info
Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration
Backup does not include information of Certificate.
Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Choose File button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the
modem.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
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IV-1-5 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
SysLog Access Setup
Enable - Check Enable to activate function of syslog.
Server IP Address -The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port - Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
Enable syslog message - Check the box listed on this web
page to send the corresponding message of firewall, VPN,
User Access, Call, WAN, Router/DSL information to Syslog.
Mail Alert Setup
Check Enable to activate function of mail alert.
Test e-mail account - Make a simple test for the e-mail
address specified in this page. Please assign the mail address
first and click this button to execute a test for verify the mail
address is available or not.
SMTP Server/SMTP Port - The IP address/Port number of the
SMTP server.
Mail To - Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Return-Path - Assign a path for receiving the mail from
outside.
Authentication - Check this box to activate this function
while using e-mail application.

User Name - Type the user name for authentication.

Password - Type the password for authentication.
Enable E-mail Alert - Check the box to send alert message to
the e-mail box while the modem detecting the item(s) you
specify here.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
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1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the modem Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on the
modem Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the modem you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the modem.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the modem.
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IV-1-6 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the modem should be inquired from.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Use Browser Time
Select this option to use the browser time from the remote
administrator PC host as router’s system time.
Use Internet Time
Select to inquire time information from Time Server on the
Internet using assigned protocol.
Server IP Address
Type the web site of the time server.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the modem is located.
Enable Daylight Saving
Check the box to enable the daylight saving. Such feature is
available for certain area.
Automatically Update
Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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IV-1-7 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for Internet/LAN Access Control, Access List from
Internet, Management Port Setup, TLS/SSL Encryption Setup, CVM Access Control and Device
Management.
The management pages for IPv4 and IPv6 protocols are different.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Router Name
Type in the modem name provided by ISP.
Management Access
Control
Allow management from the Internet - Enable the checkbox
to allow system administrators to login from the Internet.
There are several servers provided by the system to allow
you managing the modem from Internet. Check the box(es)
to specify.
Disable PING from the Internet - Check the checkbox to
reject all PING packets from the Internet. For security issue,
this function is enabled by default.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list. A
maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
Management Port Setup
User Define Ports - Check to specify user-defined port
numbers for the Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP ervers.
Default Ports - Check to use standard port numbers for the
Telnet and HTTP servers.
DSL Status
Broadcast to LAN – Check this box to send DSL status of
Vigor122 to the device in LAN. If LAN device connecting to
Vigor router/modem (e.g., Vigor2860, Vigor2925) supporting
to display DSL information, such information can be viewed
from the web page of that Vigor router/modem.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the configuration.
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IV-1-8 Reboot System
The Web user interface may be used to restart your router. Click Reboot System from System
Maintenance to open the following page.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time schedule for performing
system reboot. All the schedules can be set previously in Applications >> Schedule web page
and you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
If you want to reboot the modem using the current configuration, check Using current
configuration and click Reboot Now. To reset the modem settings to default values, check
Using factory default configuration and click Reboot Now. The modem will take 5 seconds
to reboot the system.
Info
72
When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web
settings, please click Reboot Now to reboot your router for ensuring normal
operation and preventing unexpected errors of the modem in the future.
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IV-1-9 Firmware Upgrade
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site is
www.DrayTek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.DrayTek.com.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Choose the right firmware by clicking Select. Then, click Upgrade. The system will upgrade
the firmware of the modem automatically.
Click OK. The following screen will appear. Please execute the firmware upgrade utility first.
For the detailed information about firmware update, please go to Chapter 5.
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Part V Others
Define objects such as IP address, service type,
and others. These pre-defined objects can be
applied in Firewall.
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V-1 Objects Settings
For IPs in a range and service ports in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring
router’s settings, therefore we can define them with objects and bind them with groups for
using conveniently. Later, we can select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all
the IPs in the same department can be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
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Web User Interface
V-1-1 IP Object
You can set up to 192 sets of IP Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
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3.
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Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose a proper interface.
For example, the Direction setting in Edit Filter Rule will
ask you specify IP or IP range for WAN or LAN or any IP
address. If you choose LAN/WAN/Any as the Interface here,
and choose AN/WAN/Any as the direction setting in Edit
Filter Rule, then all the IP addresses specified with
AN/WAN/Any interface will be opened for you to choose in
Edit Filter Rule page.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IP address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IP address
only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPs
within a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet for
IP address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IP address.
Select Mac Address if this object contains Mac address.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is
selected.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if the Subnet Address type is selected.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IP addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration. Below is
an example of IP objects settings.
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V-1-2 IP Group
This page allows you to bind several IP objects into one IP group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose WAN, LAN or Any to display all the available IP
objects with the specified interface.
Available IP Objects
All the available IP objects with the specified interface
chosen above will be shown in this box.
Selected IP Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
V-1-3 Service Type Object
You can set up to 96 sets of Service Type Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
80
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Protocol
Specify the protocol(s) which this profile will apply to.
Source/Destination
Port
Source Port and the Destination Port columns are available
for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for other protocols.
The filter rule will filter out any port number.
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this profile.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it
indicates all the ports except the port defined
here; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates that all the ports except the range defined here are
available for this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
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3.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
V-1-4 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
82
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Group column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available Service
Type Objects
All the available service objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Service Type Object will be shown in this
box.
Selected Service Type
Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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Part VI Troubleshooting
This part will guide you to solve abnormal situations if
you cannot access into the Internet after installing
the modem and finishing the web configuration.
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VI-1 Diagnostics
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the modem and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below
to check your basic installation status stage by stage.

Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.

Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.

Pinging the modem from your computer.

Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.

Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the modem still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer or DrayTek technical support for advanced help.
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Web User Interface
Fisrt, take a look at the menu items under Diagnostics. Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way
to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor router.
VI-1-1 Dial-out Triggering
Click Diagnostics and click Dial-out Triggering to open the web page. The internet
connection (e.g., PPPoE) is triggered by a package sending from the source IP address.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Decoded Format
It shows the source IP address (local), destination IP
(remote) address, the protocol and length of the package.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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VI-1-2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
VI-1-3 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the modem. The table shows a mapping between an
Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
Available settings are explained as follows:
88
Item
Description
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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VI-1-4 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
It displays the connection item number.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this router for specified
PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that DHCP
assigned IP address for it.
Leased Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
HOST ID
It displays the host ID name of the specified PC.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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VI-1-5 NAT Sessions Table
Click Diagnostics and click NAT Sessions Table to open the list page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Private IP:Port
It indicates the source IP address and port of local PC.
#Pseudo Port
It indicates the temporary port of the modem used for NAT.
Peer IP:Port
It indicates the destination IP address and port of remote
host.
Interface
It displays the representing number for different interface.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
VI-1-6 Ping Diagnosis
Click Diagnostics and click Ping Diagnosis to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
90
Item
Description
Ping to
Use the drop down list to choose the destination that you
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want to ping.
IP Address
Type the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Run
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be
displayed on the screen.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
VI-1-7 Trace Route
Click Diagnostics and click Trace Route to open the web page. This page allows you to trace
the routes from router to the host. Simply type the IP address of the host in the box and click
Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Host/IP Address
It indicates the IP address of the host.
Run
Click this button to start route tracing work.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
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VI-2 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
92
1.
Check the power line and WLAN/LAN cable connections.
Refer to “I-2 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Turn on the modem. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“I-2 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
Vigor122 User’s Guide
VI-3 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure
the network connection settings is OK.
For Windows
Info
The example is based on Windows 7. As to the examples for other operation
systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.DrayTek.com.
1.
Open All Programs>>Getting Started>>Control Panel. Click Network and Sharing
Center.
2.
In the following window, click Change adapter settings.
3.
Icons of network connection will be shown on the window. Right-click on Local Area
Connection and click on Properties.
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94
4.
Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
5.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically. Finally, click OK.
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For Mac OS
1.
Double click on the current used Mac OS on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure IPv4.
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VI-4 Pinging the modem from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the modem is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might
need to use “ping” command to check the link status of the modem. The most important
thing is that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the
IP address of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP
automatically. (Please refer to the section VI-3)
Please follow the steps below to ping the modem correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP/Vista/7/8).
The DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For Mac OS (Terminal)
96
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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VI-5 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
If WAN connection cannot be up, check if the LEDs (according to the LED explanations listed
on section I-1) are correct or not. If the LEDs are off, please:
When the LEDs are on and correct, yet the WAN connection still cannot be up, please:
Open Internet Access page and then check whether the ISP settings are set correctly.
VI-6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the modem by software or hardware. Such function is available in Admin Mode only.
Info
After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you did
before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing.
The password of factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset the modem to factory default via Web page. Such function is available in Admin
Mode only.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following screen
will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click Reboot Now. After few
seconds, the modem will return all the settings to the factory settings.
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Hardware Reset
While the modem is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the button.
Then, the modem will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the modem again
to fit your personal request.
VI-7 Contacting DrayTek
If the modem still cannot work correctly after trying many efforts, please contact your dealer
for further help right away. For any questions, please feel free to send e-mail to
support@DrayTek.com.
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Part VII Telnet Commands
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101
Accessing Telnet of Vigor122
This chapter also gives you a general description for accessing telnet and describes the
firmware versions for the modems explained in this manual.
Info
For Windows 7 user, please make sure the Windows Features of Telnet
Client has been turned on under Control Panel>>Programs.
Type cmd and press Enter. The Telnet terminal will be open later.
In the following window, type Telnet 192.168.1.1 as below and press Enter. Note that the IP
address in the example is the default address of the modem. If you have changed the default,
enter the current IP address of the modem.
Next, type admin/admin for Account/Password. Then, type ?. You will see a list of
valid/common commands depending on the modem that your use.
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For users using previous Windows system (e.g., 2000/XP), simply click Start >> Run and type
Telnet 192.168.1.1 in the Open box as below. Next, type admin/admin for Account/Password.
And, type ? to get a list of valid/common commands.
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Telnet Command: upnp off
This command can close UPnP function.
Example
>upnp off
UPNP say bye-bye
Telnet Command: upnp on
This command can enable UPnP function.
Example
>upnp on
UPNP start.
Telnet Command: upnp nat
This command can display IGD NAT status.
Example
> upnp nat ?
****************** IGD NAT Status ****************
((0))
InternalClient >>192.168.1.10<<, RemoteHost >>0.0.0.0<<
InternalPort >>21<<, ExternalPort >>21<<
PortMapProtocol >>TCP<<
The tmpvirtual server index >>0<<
PortMapLeaseDuration >>0<<, PortMapEnabled >>0<<
Ftp Example [MICROSOFT]
((1))
InternalClient >>0.0.0.0<<, RemoteHost >>0.0.0.0<<
InternalPort >>0<<, ExternalPort >>0<<
PortMapProtocol >><NULL><<
The tmpvirtual server index >>0<<
PortMapLeaseDuration >>0<<, PortMapEnabled >>0<<
PortMapProtocol >><NULL><<
The tmpvirtual server index >>0<<
PortMapLeaseDuration >>0<<, PortMapEnabled >>0<<
0<<
--- MORE ---
['q': Quit, 'Enter': New Lines, 'Space Bar': Next Page] ---
Telnet Command: upnp service
This command can display the information of the UPnP service. UPnP service must be enabled
first.
Example
> upnp on
UPNP start.
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> upnp service
>>>>> SERVICE TABLE1 <<<<<
serviceType urn:schemas-microsoft-com:service:OSInfo:1
serviceId urn:microsoft-com:serviceId:OSInfo1
SCPDURL
/upnp/OSInfo.xml
controlURL /OSInfo1
eventURL
/OSInfoEvent1
UDN
uuid:774e9bbe-7386-4128-b627-001daa843464
>>>>> SERVICE TABLE2 <<<<<
serviceType
urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANCommonInterfaceConfig:1
serviceId urn:upnp-org:serviceId:WANCommonIFC1
SCPDURL
/upnp/WComIFCX.xml
controlURL /upnp?control=WANCommonIFC1
eventURL
/upnp?event=WANCommonIFC1
UDN
uuid:2608d902-03e2-46a5-9968-4a54ca499148
.
.
.
Telnet Command: upnp subscribe
This command can show all UPnP services subscribed.
Example
> upnp on
UPNP start.
> upnp subscribe
>>>> (1) serviceType urn:schemas-microsoft-com:service:OSInfo:1
>>>> (2) serviceType
urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANCommonInterfaceConfig:1
>>>> (3) serviceType urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:
WANDSLLinkConfig:1
>>>> (4) serviceType urn:schemas-upnp-org:service:WANPPPConnection:1
>
Telnet Command: upnp tmpvs
This command can display current status of temp Virtual Server of your router.
Example
Vigor> upnp tmpvs
****************** Temp virtual server status ****************
((0))
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real_addr >>192.168.1.10<<, pseudo_addr >>172.16.3.229<<
real_port >>0<<, pseudo_port >>0<<
hit_portmap_index >>0<<
The protocol >>TCP<<
time >>0<<
((1))
real_addr >>0.0.0.0<<, pseudo_addr >>0.0.0.0<<
real_port >>0<<, pseudo_port >>0<<
hit_portmap_index >>0<<
The protocol >>0<<
time >>0<<
--- MORE --- ['q': Quit, 'Enter': New Lines, 'Space Bar': Next Page]
---
Telnet Command: ddns log
Displays the DDNS log.
Example
>ddns log
>
Telnet Command: exit
Type this command will leave telnet window.
Telnet Command: Internet
This command allows you to configure detailed settings for WAN connection.
Syntax
internet -M n [-<command> <parameter> | ... ]
Syntax Description
106
Parameter
Description
-M n
M means to set Internet Access Mode (Mandatory) and n means
different modes (represented by 0 – 3)
n=0: Offline
n=1: PPPoE
n=2: Dynamic IP
n=3: Static IP
<command><parameter>|…]
The available commands with parameters are listed below.
[…] means that you can type in several commands in one line.
-S <isp name>
Set ISP Name (max. 23 characters).
-u <username>
Set username (max. 49 characters) for Internet accessing.
-p <password>
Set password (max. 49 characters) for Internet accessing.
-a n
It means to set PPP Authentication Type and n means different
types (represented by 0-1).
n=0: PAP/CHAP (this is default setting)
n=1: PAP Only
Vigor122 User’s Guide
-t n
Set connection duration and n means different conditions.
n=-1: Always-on
n=1 ~ 999: Idle time for offline (default 180 seconds)
-i <ip address>
It means that PPPoE server will assign an IP address specified here
for CPE (PPPoE client).
If you type 0.0.0.0 as the <ip address>, ISP will assign suitable IP
address for you. However, if you type an IP address here, the
modem will use that one as a fixed IP.
-w <ip address>
It means to assign WAN IP address for such connection. Please type
an IP address here for WAN port.
-n <netmask>
It means to assign netmask for WAN connection. You have to type
255.255.255.xxx (x is changeable) as the netmask for WAN port.
-g <gateway>
Assign gateway IP for such WAN connection.
-V
View Internet Access profile.
Example
> w > internet -M 1 -S tcom -u username -p password -a 0 -t -1 -i 0.0.0.0
> internet -V
Internet Mode: PPPoE
ISP Name: tcom
Username: username
Authentication: PAP/CHAP
Idle Timeout: -1
WAN IP: Dynamic IP
>
Telnet Command: ip aux
This command is used for configuring WAN IP Alias.
Syntax
ip aux add [IP] [Join to NAT Pool]
ip aux remove [index]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
add
Create a new WAN IP address.
remove
Delete an existed WAN IP address.
IP
It means the auxiliary WAN IP address.
Join to NAT Pool
0 (disable) or 1 (enable).
index
Type the index number of the table displayed on your screen.
Example
> ip aux add 192.168.1.65 1
% 192.168.1.65 has added in index 3.
When you type ip aux?, the current auxiliary WAN IP Address table will be shown as the
following:
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Index no.
Status IP address
IP pool
---------------------------------------------1
Enable 172.16.3.229
Yes
2
Enable 172.16.3.56
No
3
Enable 172.16.3.113
No
Telnet Command: ip addr
This command allows users to set/add a specified LAN IP your router.
Syntax
ip addr [IP address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
IP address
The LAN IP address.
Example
>ip addr 192.168.50.1
% Set IP address OK !!!
Info
When the LAN IP address is changed, the start IP address of DHCP server are
still the same. To make the IP assignment of the DHCP server being
consistent with this new IP address (they should be in the same network
segment), the IP address of the PC must be fixed with the same LAN IP
address (network segment) set by this command for accessing into the web
user interface of the modem. Later, modify the start addresses for the
DHCP server.
Telnet Command: ip nmask
This command allows users to set/add a specified netmask for your router.
Syntax
ip nmask [IP netmask]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
IP netmask
The netmask of LAN IP.
Example
> ip nmask 255.255.0.0
% Set IP netmask OK !!!
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Telnet Command: ip arp
ARP displays the matching condition for IP and MAC address.
Syntax
ip arp add [IP address] [MAC address] [LAN or WAN]
ip arp del [IP address] [LAN or WAN]
ip arp flush
ip arp status
ip arp accept [0/1/2/3/status]
ip arp setCacheLife [time]
In which, arp add allows users to add a new IP address into the ARP table; arp del allows users
to remove an IP address; arp flush allows users to clear arp cache; arp status allows users to
review current status for the arp table; arp accept allows to accept or reject the source
/destination MAC address; arp setCacheLife allows users to configure the duration in which
ARP caches can be stored on the system. If ip arp setCacheLife is set with “60”, it means you
have an ARP cache at 0 second. Sixty seconds later without any ARP messages received, the
system will think such ARP cache is expired. The system will issue a few ARP request to see if
this cache is still valid.
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
IP address
It means the LAN IP address.
MAC address
It means the MAC address of your router.
LAN or WAN
It indicates the direction for the arp function.
0/1/2/3/4/5
0: disable to accept illegal source mac address
1: enable to accept illegal source mac address
2: disable to accept illegal dest mac address
3: enable to accept illegal dest mac address
status: display the setting status.
Time
Available settings will be 10, 20, 30,....2550 seconds.
Example
> i > ip arp status
[ARP Table]
Index IP Address
1
192.168.1.5
MAC Address
00-05-5D-E4-D8-EE
>
Telnet Command: ip dhcpc
This command is available for WAN DHCP.
Syntax
ip dhcpc option
ip dhcpc release [1/2]
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ip dhcpc renew [1/2]
ip dhcpc status
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
option
It is an optional setting for DHCP server.
Release [1/2]
It means to release current WAN IP address.
1: wan1
2: wan2
renew[1/2]
It means to renew the WAN IP address and obtain another new one.
1: wan1
2: wan2
status
It displays current status of DHCP client.
Example
> ip dhcpc status
DHCP Client Status: None active DHCP client!
Telnet Command: ip ping
This command allows users to ping IP address of WAN1/WAN2 for verifying if the WAN
connection is OK or not.
Syntax
ip ping [IP address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
IP address
It means the WAN IP address.
Example
>ip ping 172.16.3.229
Pinging 172.16.3.229 with 64 bytes of Data:
Receive reply from 172.16.3.229, time=0ms
Receive reply from 172.16.3.229, time=0ms
Receive reply from 172.16.3.229, time=0ms
Packets: Sent = 5, Received = 5, Lost = 0 <0% loss>
Telnet Command: ip tracert
This command allows users to trace the routes from the modem to the host.
Syntax
ip tracert [Host/IP address] [WAN1/WAN2]
Syntax Description
110
Parameter
Description
IP address
The target IP address.
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WAN1/WAN2
It means the WAN port that the above IP address passes through.
Udp/Icmp
The UDP or ICMP.
Example
>ip tracert 22.128.2.62 WAN1
Traceroute to 22.128.2.62, 30 hops max
1
172.16.3.7 10ms
2
172.16.1.2 10ms
3
Request Time out.
4
168.95.90.66
50ms
5
211.22.38.134
50ms
6
220.128.2.62
50ms
Trace complete
Telnet Command: ip rip
This command allows users to set the RIP (routing information protocol) of IP.
Syntax
ip rip [0/1/2]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
0/1/2
0 means disable;
1 means first subnet and 2 means second subnet.
Example
> ip rip 1
%% Set RIP 1st subnet.%% Set RIP LAN1.
Telnet Command: ip route
This command allows users to set static route.
Syntax
ip route add [dst] [netmask][gateway][ifno][rtype]
ip route del [dst] [netmask][rtype]
ip route status
ip route default [wan1/wan2/off/?]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
add
It means to add an IP address as static route.
del
It means to delete specified IP address.
status
It means current status of static route.
dst
It means the IP address of the destination.
netmask
It means the netmask of the specified IP address.
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gateway
It means the gateway of the connected router.
ifno
It means the connection interface.
3=WAN1, 4=WAN2, 5=WAN3, 6=WAN4
rtype
It means the type of the route.
default : default route;
static: static route.
cnc
It means current IP range for CNC Network.
default
Set WAN1/WAN2/off as current default route.
clean
Clean all of the route settings.
1: Enable the function.
0: Disable the function.
Example
> ip route add 172.16.2.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.2.4 3 static
> ip route status
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, * - default, ~ - private
C~
192.168.1.0/ 255.255.255.0 is directly connected, IF0
S
172.16.2.0/ 255.255.255.0 via 172.16.2.4, IF3
>
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Telnet Command: ip igmp_proxy
This command allows users to enable/disable igmp proxy server.
Syntax
ip igmp_proxy set
ip igmp_proxy reset
ip igmp_proxy status
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
set
It means to enable proxy server.
reset
It means to disable proxy server.
status
It means to display current status for proxy server.
Example
This command is for setting IGMP General Query Interval
The default value is 125000 ms
Current Setting is:130000 ms
> ip igmp_proxy set
% ip igmp_proxy [set|reset|wan|status], IGMP Proxy is ON
> ip igmp_proxy status
%% ip igmp_proxy [set|reset|wan|status], IGMP Proxy is ON
%%% igmp_proxy WAN:
239.255.255.250
state=1
239.255.255.250
timer=0
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Telnet Command: ip dmz
Specify MAC address of certain device as the DMZ host.
Syntax
ip dmz [mac]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
mac
It means the MAC address of the device that you want to specify.
Example
>ip dmz ?
% ip dmz <mac>, now : 00-00-00-00-00-00
> ip dmz 11-22-33-44-55-66
> ip dmz ?
% ip dmz <mac>, now : 11-22-33-44-55-66
>
Telnet Command: ip dmzswitch
This command is to enable /disable private IP DMZ or Active True IP DMZ for DMZ host.
Syntax
ip dmzswitch off
ip dmzswitch private
ip dmaswitch active_trueip
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
off
Disable the function of DMZ host.
private
Enable private IP address of the DMZ host.
Active_trueip
Enable active true IP address of the DMZ host.
Example
> ip dmzswitch ?
%% ip dmzswitch [off|private|active_trueip], DMZ is OFF
> ip dmzswitch private
%% ip dmzswitch [off|private|trueip|active_trueip], PRIVATE IP DMZ is
ON
> ip dmzswitch trueip
> ip dmzswitch active_trueip
%% ip dmzswitch [off|private|trueip|active_trueip], ACTIVE TRUE IP DMZ
is ON
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Telnet Command: ip bindmac
This command allows users to set IP-MAC binding for LAN host.
Syntax
ip bindmac on
ip bindmac off
ip bindmac strict_on
ip bindmac show
ip bindmac add [IP][MAC]
ip bindmac del [IP]/all
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on
Turn on IP bandmac policy. Even the IP is not in the policy table, it
can still access into network.
off
Turn off all the bindmac policy.
strict_on
It means that only those IP address in IP bindmac policy table can
access into network.
show
Display the IP address and MAC address of the pair of binded one.
add
Add one IP bindmac.
del
Delete one IP bindmac.
IP
Type the IP address for binding with specified MAC address.
MAC
Type the MAC address for binding with the IP address specified.
All
Delete all the IP bindmac settings.
Example
> ip bindmac add 192.168.1.46 00:50:7f:22:33:55
> ip bindmac show
ip bind mac function is turned ON
IP : 192.168.1.46 bind MAC : 00-50-7f-22-33-55
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Telnet Command: ipf view
IPF users to view the version of the IP filter, to view/set the log flag, to view the running IP
filter rules.
Syntax
ipf view [-VcdhrtzZ]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
-V
It means to show the version of this IP filter.
-c
It means to show the running call filter rules.
-d
It means to show the running data filter rules.
-h
It means to show the hit-number of the filter rules.
-r
It means to show the running call and data filter rules.
-t
It means to display all the information at one time.
-z
It means to clear a filter rule’s statistics.
-Z
It means to clear IP filter’s gross statistics.
Example
> > ipf view -V -c -d
------ Call Filter Rules -----[Set 1 Rule 1]
Schedule:
Source IP: any
Destination IP: any
Service Type: TCP/UDP port from 137-139 to any
Fragments: Don't Care
Action: Block immediately
Telnet Command: ipf set
This command is used to set general rule for firewall.
Syntax
ipf set [SET_NO] rule [RULE_NO] [Options]
ipf set [Options]
Syntax Description
116
Parameter
Description
SET_NO
It means to specify the index number (from 1 to 12) of filter set.
RULE_NO
It means to specify the index number (from 1 to 7) of filter rule set.
Options
There are several options provided here, such as -v, -c [SET_NO], -d
[SET_NO],… and etc.
-v
Type “-v” to view the configuration of general set.
-c [SET_NO]
It means to setup Call Filter, e.g., -c 2. The range for the index
number you can type is “0” to “12” (0 means “disable).
-d [SET_NO]
It means to setup Data Filter, e.g., -d 3. The range for the index
Vigor122 User’s Guide
number you can type is “0” to “12” (0 means “disable).
-l [VALUE]
It means to setup Log Flag, e.g., -l 2
Type “0” to disable the log flag.
Type “1” to display the log of passed packet.
Type “2” to display the log of blocked packet.
Type “3” to display the log of non-matching packet.
- p [VALUE]
It means to setup actions for packet not matching any rule, e.g., -p
1
Type “0” to let all the packets pass;
Type “1” to block all the packets.
Example
> ipf set -c 1 #set call filter start from set 1
Setting saved.
> ipf set -v
Call Filter: Enable (Start Filter Set = 1)
Data Filter: Enable (Start Filter Set = 2)
Log Flag : None
Actions for packet not matching any rule:
Pass or Block
: Pass
Content Management: None
Apply IP filter to VPN incoming packets
: Disable
Accept large incoming fragmented UDP or ICMP packets: Enable
>
Telnet Command: ipf flowtrack
This command is used to set and view flowtrack sessions.
Syntax
ipf flowtrack set [-r]
ipf flowtrack view [-f]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
-r
It means to refresh the flowtrack.
-t [value]
It means to specify a protocol (e.g., -t tcp).
Available settings include:
tcp
udp
icmp
-f
It means to show the sessions state of flowtrack. If you do not
specify any IP address, then all the session state of flowtrack will be
displayed.
Example
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>ipf flowtrack set -r
Refresh the flowstate ok
> ipf flowtrack view -f
Start to show the flowtrack sessions state:
Telnet Command: ddos
This command allows users to configure the settings for DoS defense system.
Syntax
ddos [-V | D | A]
ddos [-s ATTACK_F [THRESHOLD][ TIMEOUT]]
ddos [-a | e [ATTACK_F][ATTACK_0] | d [ATTACK_F][ATTACK_0]]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
-V
It means to view the configuration of DoS defense system.
-D
It means to deactivate the DoS defense system.
-A
It means to activate the DoS defense system.
-s
It means to enable the defense function for a specific attack and set
its parameter(s).
ATTACK_F
It means to specify the name of flooding attack(s) or portscan, e.g.,
synflood, udpflood, icmpflood, or postscan.
THRESHOLD
It means the packet rate (packet/second) that a flooding attack will
be detected. Set a value larger than 20.
TIMEOUT
It means the time (seconds) that a flooding attack will be blocked.
Set a value larger than 5.
-a
It means to enable the defense function for all attacks listed in
ATTACK_0.
-e
It means to enable defense function for a specific attack(s).
ATTACK_0
It means to specify a name of the following attacks: ip_option,
tcp_flag, land, teardrop, smurf, pingofdeath, traceroute,
icmp_frag, syn_frag, unknow_proto, fraggle.
-d
It means to disable the defense function for a specific attack(s).
Example
> ddos -A
The DoS Denfense system is Activated
> ddos -s synflood 50 10
synflood is enabled! Treshold=50 (pkt/sec) timeout=10 (pkt/sec)
Telnet Command: urlf blist
This command allows users to set the URL access control.
Syntax
urlf blist [noip]
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urlf blist [on|off]
urlf blist [status]
urlf blist [INDEX –e |d [KEYWORD[SYMBOL KEYWORD]]
urlf blist [white | black]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
noip
It means to prevent web access from the IP address.
on
It means to activate the functionality of the URL access control.
off
It means to deactivate the functionality of the URL access control.
status
It means to show the current configuration of the URL access
control.
INDEX
It means the number of the specific item (e.g., 1-8).
-e
It means to enable the specific item with user’s configuration.
-d
It means to disable the specific item for URL.
KEYWORD
It means the blocking keyword(s). The maximum length is 32.
SYMBOL
It means the space, comma or semicolon.
white
It means to block all packets except the ones that match the
keyword in the list.
black
It means to pass all packets except the ones that match the
keyword in the list.
Example
> urlf blist on
The functionality of the URL access control is activated!!
>urlf blist 1 –e news
The blocking keyword list valued with news and numbered with 1 has been
enabled.
Telnet Command: urlf setdefault
This command will reset all the configuration data for the contenet filtering.
Example
> urlf setdefault
All configuration data of the content filtering function is reset!!
Telnet Command: urlf esubnet
This command allows users to deal with the exempt subnets.
Syntax
urlf esubnet [on|off]
urlf esubnet [status]
urlf esubnet [INDEX –e |d [IP_ADDRESS SUBNET_MASK]]
Syntax Description
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Parameter
Description
on
It means to activate the functionality of the exempt subnets.
off
It means to deactivate the functionality of the exempt sunbnets.
status
It means to show the current configuration of the exempt subnets.
INDEX
It means the number of the specific item (e.g., 1-4).
-e
It means to enable the specific item with the user’s configuration.
-d
It means to disable the specific item.
Example
> urlf esubnet on
The functionality of the exceptional subnet is activated!!
> urlf esubnet 1 -e 192.168.1.55 255.255.255.0
The exceptional subnet list 192.168.1.55/255.255.255.0 and numberd
with 1 has be
en enabled
> urlf esubnet status
[V] Enable the functionality of the exceptional Subnets!!
1. [V] 192.168.1.55/255.255.255.0
2. [ ] 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
3. [ ] 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
4. [ ] 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
Telnet Command: urlf webf
This command allows users to restrict the web filter features.
Syntax
urlf webf [on|off]
urlf webf [status]
urlf webf [-e|d [java][activex][zip][exe][mms][cookie][proxy]]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on
It means to activate the functionality of the restricted web
features.
off
It means to deactivate the functionality of the restricted web
features.
status
It means to show the current configuration of the restricted web
features.
-e
It means to enable the specific item(s).
-d
It means to disable the specific item(s).
Example
> urlf webf on
The functionality of restricted web features is activated!!
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> urlf webf -e java mms
java is enabled!
mms is enabled!
> urlf webf status
[V] Enable restrict web feature!!
[V] java
[ ] activex
[ ] zip
[ ] cookie
[ ] proxy
[ ] exe
[V] mms
Telnet Command: urlf tschedule
This command allows users to choose the call schedule for URL access control. You can choose
up to four sets of call schedule profiles.
Syntax
urlf tschedule Schedule1[Schedule2][Schedule3][Schedule4]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
Schedule1~4
It means the index of the profile for the call schedule setup (1-15).
You can set 4 schedules in this command from the 15 sets of call
schedules. Action/Idle Timeout settings in the Call Schedule setting
page will be ignored. Set “0” to clear current settings.
Example
> urlf tschedule 1
New URL Fitler time schedule: 1
>
Telnet Command: Log
This command allows users to view log for WAN interface such as call log, IP filter log, flush
log buffer, etc.
Syntax
log [-cfhiptwx?] [-F a| c | f | w]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
-c
It means to show the latest call log.
-f
It means to show the IP filter log.
-F
It means to show the flush log buffer.
a: flush all logs
c: flush the call log
f: flush the IP filter log
w: flush the WAN log
-h
It means to show this usage help.
-p
It means to show PPP/MP log.
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-t
It means to show all logs saved in the log buffer.
-w
It means to show WAN log.
-x
It means to show packet body hex dump.
Example
> log -w
0:00:07.190
0:00:07.190
0:00:07.190
0:00:07.190
0:00:07.190
0:00:07.300
0:02:08.340
0:04:09.290
0:06:10.240
0:08:11.210
0:10:12.170
0:12:13.130
0:14:14.090
0:16:15.040
0:18:16.000
0:20:16.960
0:22:17.900
0:24:18.850
0:26:19.800
0:28:20.750
0:30:21.710
0:32:22.670
0:34:23.610
--- MORE -----
DSL: DSL Channel = 0
DSL: VPI/VCI = 8/35
DSL: Mode = 0[PPPoA]
DSL: Encapsulation type = 0[VC_MUX]
DSL: Modulation type = 4[MULTI]
DSL: DSL_DRV_Init error code: 0
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Reboot
.
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
DSL: DSL Rebooting...IPLM
['q': Quit, 'Enter': New Lines, 'Space Bar': Next Page]
Telnet Command: portmaptime
This command allows you to set a time of keeping the session connection for specified
protocol.
Syntax
portmaptime [-<command> <parameter> | ... ]
Syntax Description
122
Parameter
Description
[<command>
<parameter>|…]
The available commands with parameters are listed below.
[…] means that you can type in several commands in one line.
-t <sec>
It means “TCP” protocol.
<sec>: Type a number to set the TCP session timeout.
-u <sec>
It means “UDP” protocol.
<sec>: Type a number to set the UDP session timeout.
-i <sec>
It means “IGMP” protocol.
<sec>: Type a number to set the IGMP session timeout.
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-l <List>
List all settings.
Example
> portmaptime
> portmaptime
> portmaptime
> portmaptime
-------Your
-------TCP
-------UDP
-------IGMP
>
-t 980
-u 300
-i 10
-l
setting (min)-----Time: 980 -----Time: 300 -----Time: 10 ------
Telnet Command: quit
This command can exit the telnet command screen.
Telnet Command: srv dhcp gateway
This command allows users to specify gateway address for DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp gateway [?]
srv dhcp gateway [Gateway IP]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display current gateway that you can use.
Gateway IP
It means to specify a gateway address used for DHCP server.
Example
> srv dhcp gateway 192.168.2.1
This setting will take effect after rebooting.
Please use "sys reboot" command to reboot the modem.
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Telnet Command: srv dhcp ipcnt
This command allows users to specify IP counts for DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp ipcnt [?]
srv dhcp ipcnt [IP counts]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display current used IP count number.
IP counts
It means the number that you have to specify for the DHCP server.
Example
> srv dhcp ipcnt ?
% srv dhcp ipcnt <IP counts>
% Now: 50
Telnet Command: srv dhcp off
This function allows users to turn off DHCP server. It needs rebooting router, please type "sys
reboot" command to reboot router.
Telnet Command: srv dhcp on
This function allows users to turn on DHCP server. It needs rebooting router, please type "sys
reboot" command to reboot router.
Telnet Command: srv dhcp startip
Syntax
srv dhcp startip [?]
srv dhcp startip [IP address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display current used start IP address.
IP address
It means the IP address that you can specify for the DHCP server as
the starting point.
Example
> srv dhcp startip 192.168.1.53
This setting will take effect after rebooting.
Please use "sys reboot" command to reboot the modem.
Telnet Command: srv dhcp status
This command can display general information for the DHCP server, such as IP address, MAC
address, leased time, host ID and so on.
Example
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> srv dhcp status
DHCP server: Running
Default gateway: 192.168.1.1
Index IP Address
MAC Address
1
192.168.1.113 00-05-5D-E4-D8-EE
Leased Time
17:20:08
HOST ID
A1000351
Telnet Command: srv dhcp leasetime
This command can set the lease time for the DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp leasetime [?]
srv dhcp leasetime [Lease Time (sec)]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display current leasetime used for the DHCP server.
Lease Time (sec)
It means the lease time that DHCP server can use. The unit is
second.
Example
> srv dhcp leasetime ?
% srv dhcp leasetime <Lease Time (sec.)>
% Now: 259200
>
Telnet Command: srv dhcp frcdnsmanl
This command can force the modem to invoke DNS Server IP address.
Syntax
srv dhcp frcdnsmanl [on]
srv dhcp frcdnsmanl [off]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display the current status.
on
It means to use manual setting for DNS setting.
Off
It means to use auto settings acquired from ISP.
Example
> srv dhcp frcdnsmanl on
% Domain name server now is using manual settings!
> srv dhcp frcdnsmanl off
% Domain name server now is using auto settings!
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Telnet Command: srv dhcp dns1
This command allows users to set Primary IP Address for DNS Server in LAN.
Syntax
srv dhcp dns1 [?]
srv dhcp dns1 [DNS IP address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display current IP address of DNS 1 for the DHCP server.
DNS IP address
It means the IP address that you want to use as DNS1.
Note: The IP Routed Subnet DNS must be the same as NAT Subnet
DNS).
Example
> srv dhcp dns1 168.95.1.1
% srv dhcp dns1 <DNS IP address>
% Now: 168.95.1.1
(IP Routed Subnet dns same as NAT Subnet dns)
Telnet Command: srv dhcp dns2
This command allows users to set Secondary IP Address for DNS Server in LAN.
Syntax
srv dhcp dns2 [?]
srv dhcp dns2 [DNS IP address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
?
It means to display current IP address of DNS 2 for the DHCP server.
DNS IP address
It means the IP address that you want to use as DNS2.
Note: The IP Routed Subnet DNS must be the same as NAT Subnet
DNS).
Example
> srv dhcp dns2 10.1.1.1
% srv dhcp dns2 <DNS IP address>
% Now: 10.1.1.1
(IP Routed Subnet dns same as NAT Subnet dns)
Telnet Command: srv dhcp relay
This command allows users to set DHCP relay setting.
Syntax
srv dhcp relay servip [server ip]
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srv dhcp relay subnet [index]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
server ip
It means the IP address that you want to used as DHCP server.
Index
It means subnet 1 or 2. Please type 1 or 2. The modem will invoke
this function according to the subnet 1 or 2 specified here.
Example
> srv dhcp relay servip 192.168.1.46
> srv dhcp relay subnet 2
> srv dhcp relay servip ?
% srv dhcp relay servip <server ip>
% Now: 192.168.1.46
Telnet Command: srv dhcp badip
This command is reserved for future use.
Syntax
srv dhcp badip
Example
> srv dhcp badip
>
Telnet Command: srv dhcp public
This command allows users to configure DHCP server for second subnet.
Syntax
srv dhcp public start [IP address]
srv dhcp public cnt [IP counts]
srv dhcp public status
srv dhcp public add [MAC Addr XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX]
srv dhcp public del [MAC Addr XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX/all/ALL]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
start
It means the starting point of the IP address pool for the DHCP
server.
IP address
It means to specify an IP address as the starting point in the IP
address pool.
cnt
It means the IP count number.
IP counts
It means to specify the number of IP addresses in the pool. The
maximum is 10.
status
It means the execution result of this command.
add
It means creating a list of hosts to be assigned.
del
It means removing the selected MAC address.
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MAC Addr
It means to specify MAC Address of the host.
all/ALL
It means all of the MAC addresses.
Example
> srv dhcp start 192.168.1.100
This function need rebooting router, please type "sys reboot" command
to reboot router.
Telnet Command: srv dhcp nodetype
This command can set the node type for the DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp nodetype <count>
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
count
It means to specify a type for node.
1. B-node
2. P-node
4. M-node
8. H-node
Example
> srv dhcp nodetype 1
> srv dhcp nodetype ?
%% srv dhcp nodetype <count>
%% 1. B-node 2. P-node 4. M-node 8. H-node
% Now: 1
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Telnet Command: srv dhcp primWINS
This command can set the primary IP address for the DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp primWINS [WINS IP address]
srv dhcp primWINS clear
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
WINS IP address
It means the IP address of primary WINS server.
clear
It means to remove the IP address settings of primary WINS server.
Example
> srv dhcp primWINS 192.168.1.88
> srv dhcp primWINS ?
%% srv dhcp primWINS <WINS IP address>
%% srv dhcp primWINS clear
% Now: 192.168.1.88
Telnet Command: srv dhcp secWINS
This command can set the secondary IP address for the DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp secWINS [WINS IP address]
srv dhcp secWINS clear
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
WINS IP address
It means the IP address of secondary WINS server.
clear
It means to remove the IP address settings of second WINS server.
Example
> srv dhcp secWINS 192.168.1.180
> srv dhcp secWINS ?
%% srv dhcp secWINS <WINS IP address>
%% srv dhcp secWINS clear
% Now: 192.168.1.180
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Telnet Command: srv dhcp tftp
This command can set the TFTP server as the DHCP server.
Syntax
srv dhcp tftp <TFTP server name>
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
TFTP server name
It means to type the name of TFTP server.
Example
> srv dhcp tftp TF123
> srv dhcp tftp ?
%% srv dhcp tftp <TFTP server name>
% Now: TF123
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Telnet Command: srv nat dmz
This command allows users to set DMZ host. Before using this command, please set WAN IP
Alias first.
Syntax
srv nat dmz mapping [wan1/wan2] [Private IP Address]
srv nat dmz remove [wan1/wan2]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
wan1/wan2
Specify means to map selected WAN IP to certain host.
wan1
wan2
private IP Address
Type the IP address to be mapped to specified WAN.
remove
Delete the settings for specified WAN interface.
Example
> srv nat dmz mapping wan2 192.168.1.25
%% Private IP address 192.168.1.25 was mapped on 128.31.217.248 (wan2)
Telnet Command: srv nat ipsecpass
This command allows users to enable or disable IPSec ESP tunnel passthrough and IKE source
port (500) preservation.
Syntax
Srv nat ipsecpass [options]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
[options]
The available commands with parameters are listed below.
on
It means to enable IPSec ESP tunnel passthrough and IKE source port
(500) preservation.
off
It means to disable IPSec ESP tunnel passthrough and IKE source
port (500) preservation.
status
It means to display current status for checking.
Example
> srv nat ipsecpass status
%% Status: IPsec ESP pass-thru and IKE src_port:500 preservation is
OFF.
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Telnet Command: srv nat openport
This command allows users to set open port settings for NAT server.
Syntax
srv nat openport list <[All] | [Profile Index]>
srv nat openport enable<Index>
srv nat openport disable <Index>
srv nat openport comment <Index> <Comment>
srv nat openport dstip <Index> <Destination local IP address>
srv nat openport add <Profile index> <Subitem index> <WAN IP addr> <Pvt IP addr>
<Protocol> <Start port> <End port>
srv nat openport remove <Profile index> [Subitem index]
srv nat openport flush
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
list <[All] | [Profile Index]>
Display status information for all of the profiles or specified profile.
enable <Index>
Enable the selected index profile.
Index – Range from 1 to 20 (profile index number).
disable <Index>
Disable the selected index profile.
Index – Range from 1 to 20 (profile index number).
comment <Index>
<Comment>
Index – Range from 1 to 20 (profile index number).
Comment – Type a description for such profile.
dstip <Index> <Destination
local IP address>
It means to specify destination IP address for an open port profile.
Index – Range from 1 to 20.
Destination local IP address – Type the IP address of the destination.
add <Profile index>
<Subitem index> <WAN IP
addr> <Pvt IP addr>
<Protocol> <Start port> <End
port>
It means to create new open port profile.
Profile index – Range from 1 to 20.
Subitem index – Range form 1 to 10.
Protocol – TCP or UDP.
WAN IP Addr – Type the IP address of the WAN interface.
Private IP Addr – Type the private IP address.
Start port – Type a value as the starting port.
End port – Type a value as the ending port.
Remove <Profile index>
[Subitem index]
It means to remove specified profile.
Profile index – Range from 1 to 20.
Subitem index – Range form 1 to 10.
flush
It means to return to factory settings for all the open ports profiles.
Example
> srv nat openport enable 1
%% Open port profile 1 has enabled.
> srv nat openport comment 1 for_marketing
%% Ok.
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> srv nat openport dstip 1 192.168.1.99
%% Ok.
Telnet Command: srv nat portmap
This command allows users to set port redirection table for NAT server.
Syntax
srv nat portmap add [idx][serv name][proto][pub port][pri ip][pri port][wan1/wan2]
srv nat portmap del [idx]
srv nat portmap disable [idx]
srv nat portmap enable [idx] [proto]
srv nat portmap flush
srv nat portmap table
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
Add[idx]
It means to add a new port redirection table with an index number.
Available index number is from 1 to 10.
serv name
It means to type one name as service name.
proto
It means to specify TCP or UDP as the protocol.
pub port
It means to specify which port can be redirected to the specified
Private IP and Port of the internal host.
pri ip
It means to specify the private IP address of the internal host
providing the service.
pri port
It means to specify the private port number of the service offered
by the internal host.
wan1/wan2
It means to specify WAN interface for the port redirection.
del [idx]
It means to remove the selected port redirection setting.
disable [idx]
It means to inactivate the selected port redirection setting.
enable [idx]
It means to activate the selected port redirection setting.
flush
It means to clear all the port mapping settings.
table
It means to display Port Redirection Configuration Table.
Example
> srv nat portmap add 1 game tcp 80 192.168.1.11 100 wan1
> srv nat portmap table
NAT Port Redirection Configuration Table:
Index Service Name
Port ifno
1
game
-1
2
3
4
5
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Protocol Public Port Private IP
6
0
0
0
0
80
0
0
0
0
192.168.1.11
Private
100
0
0
0
0
-2
-2
-2
-2
133
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
19
0
0
0
-2
20
0
0
0
-2
Protocol: 0 = Disable, 6 = TCP, 17 = UDP
Telnet Command: srv nat status
This command allows users to view NAT Port Redirection Running Table.
Example
> srv nat status
NAT Port Redirection Running Table:
Index Protocol Public Port Private IP
1
6
80 192.168.1.11
2
0
0 0.0.0.0
3
0
0 0.0.0.0
4
0
0 0.0.0.0
5
0
0 0.0.0.0
6
0
0 0.0.0.0
7
0
0 0.0.0.0
8
0
0 0.0.0.0
9
0
0 0.0.0.0
10
0
0 0.0.0.0
11
0
0 0.0.0.0
12
0
0 0.0.0.0
13
0
0 0.0.0.0
14
0
0 0.0.0.0
15
0
0 0.0.0.0
16
0
0 0.0.0.0
17
0
0 0.0.0.0
18
0
0 0.0.0.0
19
0
0 0.0.0.0
20
134
0
0
0.0.0.0
Private Port
100
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
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Telnet Command: srv nat showall
This command allows users to view a summary of NAT port redirection setting, open port and
DMZ settings.
Example
> srv nat showall ?
Index Proto WAN IP:Port
Private IP:Port
Act
*************************************************************************
****
R01
TCP
0.0.0.0:80
192.168.1.11:100
Y
O01
TCP
0.0.0.0:23~83
D01
All
0.0.0.0
192.168.1.100:23~83
192.168.1.96
Y
Y
R:Port Redirection, O:Open Ports, D:DMZ
> sys tr069 get Int. nextlevel
Total number of parameter is 24
Total content length of parameter is 915
InternetGatewayDevice.LANDeviceNumberOfEntries
InternetGatewayDevice.WANDeviceNumberOfEntries
InternetGatewayDevice.DeviceInfo.
InternetGatewayDevice.ManagementServer.
InternetGatewayDevice.Time.
InternetGatewayDevice.Layer3Forwarding.
InternetGatewayDevice.LANDevice.
InternetGatewayDevice.WANDevice.
InternetGatewayDevice.Services.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_InternetAcc.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_LAN.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_NAT.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_Firewall.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_Bandwidth.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_Applications.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_VPN.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_VoIP.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_WirelessLAN.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_System.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_Status.
InternetGatewayDevice.X_00507F_Diagnostics.
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Telnet Command: sys sip_alg
This command can turn on/off SIP ALG (Application Layer Gateway) for traversal.
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Syntax
sys sip_alg [1]
sys sip_alg [0]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
1
It means to turn on SIP ALG.
0
It means to turn off SIP ALG.
Example
> sys sip_alg ?
usage: sys sip_alg [value]
0 - disable SIP ALG
1 - enable SIP ALG
current SIP ALG is disabled
Telnet Command: sys admin
This command is used for RD engineer to access into test mode of Vigor router.
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Telnet Command: sys cfg
This command reset the modem with factory default settings. When a user types this
command, all the configuration will be reset to default setting.
Syntax
sys cfg default
sys cfg status
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
default
It means to reset current settings with default values.
status
It means to display current profile version and status.
Example
> sys cfg status
Profile version: 3.0.0
> sys cfg default
>
Status: 1 (0x491e5e6c)
Telnet Command: sys cmdlog
This command displays the history of the commands that you have typed.
Example
> sys cmdlog
% Commands Log: (The lowest index is the newest !!!)
[1] sys cmdlog
[2] sys cmdlog ?
[3] sys ?
[4] sys cfg status
[5] sys cfg ?
Telnet Command: sys ftpd
This command displays current status of FTP server.
Syntax
sys ftpd on
sys ftpd off
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on
It means to turn on the FTP server of the system.
off
It means to turn off the FTP server of the system.
Example
> sys ftpd on
% sys ftpd turn on !!!
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Telnet Command: sys domainname
This command can set and remove the domain name of the system when DHCP mode is
selected for WAN.
Syntax
sys domainname [wan1/wan2] [Domain Name Suffix]
sys domainname [wan1/wan2] clear
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
wan1/wan2
It means to specify WAN interface for assigning a name for it.
Domain Name Suffix
It means the name for the domain of the system. The maximum
number of characters that you can set is 40.
clear
It means to remove the domain name of the system.
Example
>
>
>
%
%
%
>
sys domainname wan1 clever
sys domainname wan2 intellegent
sys domainname ?
sys domainname <wan1/wan2> <Domain Name Suffix (max. 40 characters)>
sys domainname <wan1/wan2> clear
Now: wan1 == clever, wan2 ==intelligent
Telnet Command: sys iface
This command displays the current interface connection status (UP or Down) with IP address,
MAC address and Netmask for the modem.
Example
> sys iface
Interface 0 Ethernet:
Status: UP
IP Address: 192.168.1.1
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-00
Interface 4 Ethernet:
Status: DOWN
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-02
Interface 5 Ethernet:
Status: DOWN
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-03
Interface 6 Ethernet:
Status: DOWN
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-04
138
Netmask: 0xFFFFFF00 (Private)
Netmask: 0xFFFFFFFF
Netmask: 0x00000000
Netmask: 0x00000000
Netmask: 0x00000000
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Interface 7 Ethernet:
Status: DOWN
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-05
Interface 8 Ethernet:
Status: DOWN
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-06
Netmask: 0x00000000
Netmask: 0x00000000
Interface 9 Ethernet:
Status: DOWN
IP Address: 0.0.0.0
Netmask: 0x00000000
MAC: 00-50-7F-00-00-07
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Telnet Command: sys name
This command can set and remove the name for the modem when DHCP mode is selected for
WAN.
Syntax
sys name [wan1/wans=2] [ASCII string]
sys name [wan1/wan2] clear
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
wan1/wan2
It means to specify WAN interface for assigning a name for it.
ASCII string
It means the name for router. The maximum character that you can
set is 20.
Example
>
>
%
%
%
sys name wan1 drayrouter
sys name ?
sys name <wan1/wan2> <ASCII string (max. 20 characters)>
sys name <wan1/wan2> clear
Now: wan1 == drayrouter, wan2 ==
Note: Such name can be used to recognize router’s identification in SysLog dialog.
Telnet Command: sys passwd
This command allows users to set password for the administrator.
Syntax
sys passwd [ASCII string]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
ASCII string
It means the password for administrator. The maximum character
that you can set is 23.
Example
> sys passwd admin123
>
Telnet Command: sys reboot
This command allows users to restart the modem immediately.
Example
> sys reboot
>
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Telnet Command: sys autoreboot
This command allows users to restart the modem automatically within a certain time.
Syntax
sys autoreboot [on/off/hour(s)]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on/off
On – It means to enable the function of auto-reboot.
Off – It means to disable the function of auto-reboot.
hours
It means to set the time schedule for router reboot.
For example, if you type “2” in this field, the modem will reboot
with an interval of two hours.
Example
> sys autoreboot on
autoreboot is ON
> sys autoreboot 2
autoreboot is ON
autoreboot time is 2 hour(s)
Telnet Command: sys commit
This command allows users to save current settings to FLASH. Usually, current settings will be
saved in SRAM. Yet, this command will save the file to FLASH.
Example
> sys commit
>
Telnet Command: sys tftpd
This command can turn on TFTP server for upgrading the firmware.
Example
> sys tftpd
% TFTP server enabled !!!
Telnet Command: sys cc
This command can display current country code and wireless region of this device.
Example
> sys cc
Country Code
: 0x 0 [International]
Wireless Region Code: 0x30
>
Telnet Command: sys version
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141
This command can display current version for the system.
Example
> sys version
Router Model: Vigor122
Version: 3.2.10_RC1 English
Profile version: 3.0.0
Status: 1 (0x273d3001)
Router IP: 192.168.1.1
Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Firmware Build Date/Time: Apr 28 2016 05:33:14
Revision: 56444 v120
ADSL Firmware Version: 321311_A Annex A
Telnet Command: sys qrybuf
This command can display the system memory status and leakage list.
Example
> > sys qrybuf
System Memory Status and Leakage List
#
#
#
#
of
of
of
of
free L-Buffer=154, total=448, port num:0
free M-Buffer=32, total=32
sk head queue buffer=139
sk freelink queue buffer=293
FLOWTRACK Memory Status
# of free = 5500
# of maximum = 0
# of flowstate = 5500
# of lost by siganture = 0
# of lost by list = 0
Telnet Command: sys pollbuf
This command can turn on or turn off polling buffer for the modem.
Syntax
sys pollbuf [on]
sys pollbuf [off]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on
It means to turn on pulling buffer.
off
It means to turn off pulling buffer.
Example
> sys pollbuf on
% Buffer polling is on!
> sys pollbuf off
% Buffer polling is off!
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Telnet Command: sys tr069
This command can set CPE settings for applying in VigorACS.
Syntax
sys tr069 get [parm] [option]
sys tr069 set [parm] [value]
sys tr069 save
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
get [parm] [option]
It means to get parameters for tr-069.
option=<nextlevel>: only gets nextlevel for GetParameterNames.
set [parm] [value]
It means to set parameters for tr-069.
save
It means to save the parameters to the flash memory of the modem.
Example
Telnet Command: sys sip_log
This command is used for enable/disable SIP ALG.
Syntax
sys sip_log [value]
Parameter
Description
[value]
0 – Disable SIP ALG.
1 – Enable SIP ALG.
Example
> sys sip_alg 1
>
Telnet Command: show lan1/lan2
This command displays current status of LAN IP address settings.
Example
> show
%% 1st
%%
%%
%%
> show
%% 2nd
%%
%%
%%
%%
Vigor122 User’s Guide
lan1
subnet settings:
IP address: 192.168.1.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
RIP : [1st Subnet]
lan2
subnet settings:
Status: [Inactive]
IP address: 192.168.2.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
RIP : [1st Subnet]
143
Telnet Command: show dhcp
This command displays current status of DHCP server.
Example
> show dhcp
%% DHCP settings:
%%
Status: [Active]
%%
Start IP address for offering: 192.168.1.100
%%
Maximus offer IP address count: 50
%%
Default gateway: 192.168.1.1
%%
DHCP Relay: [Inactive]
Telnet Command: show dmz
This command displays current status of DMZ host.
Example
> show dmz
%%
DMZ mapping status:
Index Status WAN aux IP
Private IP
-------------------------------------------1
Disable 172.16.3.221
2
Disable 192.168.1.65
Telnet Command: show dns
This command displays current status of DNS setting.
Example
> show dns
%%
Domain name server settings:
%
Primary DNS: [Not set]
%
Secondary DNS: [Not set]
Telnet Command: show openport
This command displays current status of open port setting.
Example
> show openport
%%
Openport settings:
Index Status Comment
Local IP Address
********************************************************
1.
Enable for_marketing 192.168.1.99
Total 1 items listed.
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Telnet Command: show nat
This command displays current status of NAT.
Example
> show nat
NAT Port Redirection Running Table:
Index Protocol Public Port Private IP
Private Port
1
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
2
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
3
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
4
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
5
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
6
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
7
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
8
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
9
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
10
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
11
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
12
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
13
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
14
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
15
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
16
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
17
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
18
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
19
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
20
0
0 0.0.0.0
0
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Telnet Command: show session
This command displays current status of current session.
Example
>
%
%
%
show session
Maximum Session Number: 5000
Maximum Session Usage: 0
Current Session Usage: 0
Telnet Command: show status
This command displays current status of LAN and WAN connections.
Example
> show status
System Uptime:64:25:1
LAN Status
Primary DNS:194.109.6.66
IP Address:192.168.1.1
Secondary DNS:168.95.1.1
Tx Rate:38805
Rx Rate:1139
WAN 1 Status:Disconnected
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145
Enable:Yes
Line:ADSL
Name:tcom
Mode:PPPoA
Up Time:0:00:00
IP:--TX Packets:0
TX Rate:0 RX Packets:0
Message [PPP Shutdown]
WAN 2 Status:Disconnected
Enable:Yes
Line:ADSL
Name:
Mode:--Up Time:0:00:00
IP:--TX Packets:0
TX Rate:0 RX Packets:0
GW IP:--RX Rate:0
GW IP:--RX Rate:0
ADSL Information:
ADSL Firmware Version:321311_A
Mode:----State:READY
TX Block:0
RX Block:0
Corrected Blocks:0
Uncorrected Blocks:0
UP Speed:0
Down Speed:0
SNR Margin:0 Loop Att.:0
Telnet Command: show adsl
This command displays current status of ADSL.
Example
> show adsl
--------------------------- ATU-R Info (hw: annex A, f/w: annex A) ----------Running Mode
:
T1.413
State
: TRAINING
DS Actual Rate
:
0 bps
US Actual Rate
:
0 bps
DS Attainable Rate
:
0 bps
US Attainable Rate
:
0 bps
DS Path Mode
:
Fast
US Path Mode
:
Fast
DS Interleave Depth
:
0
US Interleave Depth :
0
NE Current Attenuation :
0 dB
Cur SNR Margin
:
0 dB
DS actual PSD
:
0. 0 dB
US actual PSD
:
0. 0
dB
ADSL Firmware Version
: 05-04-04-04-00-01
-------------------------------- ATU-C Info --------------------------------Far Current Attenuation :
0 dB
Far SNR Margin
:
0 dB
CO ITU Version[0]
: 00000000
CO ITU Version[1]
: 00000000
DSLAM CHIPSET VENDOR
: < ADI >
Telnet Command: mngt ftpport
This command allows users to set FTP port for management.
Syntax
mngt ftpport [FTP port]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
FTP port
It means to type the number for FTP port. The default setting is
21.
Example
> mngt ftpport 21
% Set FTP server port to 21 done.
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Telnet Command: mngt httpport
This command allows users to set HTTP port for management.
Syntax
mngt httpport [Http port]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
Http port
It means to enter the number for HTTP port. The default setting is
80.
Example
> mngt httpport 80
% Set web server port to 80 done.
Telnet Command: mngt telnetport
This command allows users to set telnet port for management.
Syntax
mngt telnetport [Telnet port]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
Telnet port
It means to type the number for telnet port. The default setting is
23.
Example
> mngt telnetport 23
% Set Telnet server port to 23 done.
Telnet Command: mngt ftpserver
This command can enable/disable FTP server.
Syntax
mngt ftpserver [enable]
mngt ftpserver [disable]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
enable
It means to activate FTP server function.
disable
It means to inactivate FTP server function.
Example
> mngt ftpserver enable
%% FTP server has been enabled.
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147
> mngt ftpserver disable
%% FTP server has been disabled.
Telnet Command: mngt noping
This command is used to pass or block Ping from LAN PC to the internet.
Syntax
mngt noping [on]
mngt noping [off]
mngt noping [viewlog]
mngt noping [clearlog]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on
All PING packets will be forwarded from LAN PC to Internet.
off
All PING packets will be blocked from LAN PC to Internet.
viewlog
It means to display a log of ping action, including source MAC and
source IP.
clearlog
It means to clear the log of ping action.
Example
> mngt noping off
No Ping Packet Out is OFF!!
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Telnet Command: mngt defenseworm
This command can block specified port for passing through the modem.
Syntax
mngt defenseworm [on]
mngt defenseworm [off]
mngt defenseworm [add port]
mngt defenseworm [del port]
mngt defenseworm [viewlog]
mngt defenseworm [clearlog]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on
It means to activate the function of defense worm packet out.
off
It means to inactivate the function of defense worm packet out.
add port
It means to add a new TCP port for block.
del port
It means to delete a TCP port for block.
viewlog
It means to display a log of defense worm packet, including source
MAC and source IP.
clearlog
It means to remove the log of defense worm packet.
Example
> mngt defenseworm add 21
Add TCP port 21
Block TCP port list: 135, 137, 138, 139, 445, 21, 21
Telnet Command: mngt rmtcfg
This command can allow the system administrators to login from the Internet. By default, it is
not allowed.
Syntax
mngt rmtcfg [status]
mngt rmtcfg [enable]
mngt rmtcfg [disable]
mngt rmtcfg [http/https/ftp/telnet/ssh] [on/off]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
status
It means to display current setting for your reference.
enable
It means to allow the system administrators to login from the
Internet.
disable
It means to deny the system administrators to login from the
Internet.
http/https/ftp/telnet/ssh/t
r069
It means to specify one of the servers/protocols for enabling or
disabling.
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on/off
on – enable the function.
off – disable the function.
Example
> mngt rmtcfg enable
%% Remote configure function has been enabled.
> mngt rmtcfg ftp on
%% FTP server has been enabled.
Telnet Command: mngt echoicmp
This command allows users to reject or accept PING packets from the Internet.
Syntax
mngt echoicmp [enable]
mngt echoicmp [disable]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
enable
It means to accept the echo ICMP packet.
disable
It means to drop the echo ICMP packet.
Example
> mngt echoicmp enable
%% Echo ICMP packet enabled.
Telnet Command: mngt accesslist
This command allows you to specify that the system administrator can login from a specific
host or network. A maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
Syntax
mngt accesslist list
mngt accesslist add [index][ip addr][mask]
mngt accesslist remove [index]
mngt accesslist flush
Syntax Description
150
Parameter
Description
list
It can display current setting for your reference.
add
It means adding a new entry.
index
It means to specify the number of the entry.
ip addr
It means to specify an IP address.
mask
It means to specify the subnet mask for the IP address.
remove
It means to delete the selected item.
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flush
It means to remove all the settings in the access list.
Example
> mngt accesslist add 1 192.168.1.89 255.255.255.0
%% Set OK.
> mngt accesslist list
%% Access list :
Index IP address
Subnet mask
==========================================
1
192.168.1.89
255.255.255.0
Telnet Command: wan ppp_mss
This command allows users to adjust the size of MTU for WAN interface.
Syntax
wan ppp_mss <Value>
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
<Value>
It means the number of MTU for PPP. The available range is from
1000 to 1500.
Example
> wan ppp_mss 1450
> wan ppp_mss
% wan ppp_mss <MSS size: 1000 ~ 1500>
> wan ppp_mss ?
% wan ppp_mss <MSS size: 1000 ~ 1500>
% Now: 1450
Telnet Command: wan DF_check
This command allows you to enable or disable the function of DF (Don’t fragment)
Syntax
wan DF_check [on]
wan DF_check [off]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on/off
It means to enable or disable DF.
Example
> wan DF_check on
%DF bit check enable!
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Telnet Command: wan disable
This command allows you to disable WAN connection.
Example
> wan disable WAN
%WAN disabled.
Telnet Command: wan forward
This command allows you to enable or disable the function of WAN forwarding. The packets
are allowed to be transmitted between different WANs.
Syntax
wan forward [on]
wan forward [off]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
on/off
It means to enable or disable WAN forward.
Example
> wan forward ?
%WAN forwarding is Disable!
> wan forward on
%WAN forwarding is enable!
Telnet Command: wan detect
This command allows you to Ping a specified IP to detect the WAN connection (static IP or
PPPoE mode).
Syntax
wan detect [wan1/wan2][on/off/always_on]
wan detect [wan1/wan2]target [ip addr]
wan detect [wan1/wan2]ttl [1-255]
wan detect status
Syntax Description
152
Parameter
Description
on
It means to enable ping detection. The IP address of the target shall
be set.
off
It means to enable ARP detection (default).
always_on
disable link detect, always connected(only support static IP)
target
It means to set the ping target.
ip addr
It means the IP address used for detection. Type an IP address in this
field.
ttl
It means to set the ping TTL value (work as trace route)
If you do not set any value for ttl here or just type 0 here, the
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system will use default setting (255) as the ttl value.
status
It means to show the current status.
Example
> wan detect status
WAN1: off
WAN2: off
> wan detect wan1 target 192.168.1.78
Set OK
> wan detect wan1 on
Set OK
> wan detect status
WAN1: on, Target=192.168.1.78, TTL=255
WAN2: off
>
Telnet Command: adsl status
This command is used to display current status of ADSL setting.
Syntax
adsl status
Example
> adsl status
--------------------------- ATU-R Info (hw: annex A, f/w: annex A) ----------DSL Modulation
: T1.413
State
:
READY
DS Actual Rate
:
0 bps US Actual Rate
:
0 bps
DS Attainable Rate
:
0 bps US Attainable Rate :
0 bps
DS Path Mode
:
Fast
US Path Mode
:
Fast
DS Interleave Depth
:
0
US Interleave Depth :
0
NE Current Attenuation :
0 dB
Cur SNR Margin
:
0 dB
DS actual PSD
:
0. 0 dB
US actual PSD
:
0. 0 dB
ADSL Firmware Version : 321311_A
-------------------------------- ATU-C Info
--------------------------------Far Current Attenuation :
0 dB
Far SNR Margin
:
0 dB
CO ITU Version[0]
: 00000000
CO ITU Version[1]
: 00000000
DSLAM CHIPSET VENDOR
: < ADI >
>
Telnet Command: adsl ppp
This command can set the Internet Access mode for the router.
Syntax
adsl ppp [ ? | pvc_no vci vpi Encap Proto modu acqIP idle [Username Password]
Syntax Description
Parameter
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Description
153
?
Display the command syntax of “adsl ppp”.
pvc_no
It means the PVC number and the adjustable range is from
0 (Channel-1) to 3(Channel-4).
Encap
Different numbers represent different modes.
0 : VC_MUX,
1: LLC/SNAP,
2: LLC_Bridge,
3: LLC_Route,
4: VCMUX_Bridge
5: VCMUX_Route,
6: IPoE.
Proto
It means the protocol used to connect Internet. Different
numbers represent different protocols.
0: PPPoA,
1: PPPoE,
2: MPoA.
Modu
0: T1.413,
2: G.dmt,
4: Multi,
5: ADSL2,
7:ADSL2_AnnexM
8:ADSL2+
14:ADSL2+_AnnexM.
acqIP
It means the way to acquire IP address. Type the number to
determine the IP address by specifying or assigned
dynamically by DHCP server.
0 : fix_ip,
1: dhcp_client/PPPoE/PPPoA.(acquire IP method)
idle
Type number to determine the network connection will be
kept for always or idle after a certain time.
-1: always on, else idle timeout secs. Only for
PPPoE/PPPoA.
Username
This parameter is used only for PPPoE/PPPoA.
Password
This parameter is used only for PPPoE/PPPoA.
You have to reboot the system when you set it on Route mode.
Example
> adsl ppp o 35 8 1 1 4 1 -1 draytek draytek
pvc no.=0
vci=35
vpi=8
encap=LLC(1)
proto=PPPoE(1)
modu=MULTI(4)
AcquireIP: Dhcp_client(1)
154
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Idle timeout:-1
Username=draytek
Password=draytek
Telnet Command: adsl idle
This command can make the router accessing into the idle status. If you want to invoke the
router again, you have to reboot the router by using “reboot” command.
Example
> adsl idle
%ADSL Enter IDLE Mode!
% Use 'adsl reboot' to restart dsl to normal mode.
Telnet Command: adsl drivermode
This command is useful for laboratory to measure largest power of data transmission. Please
follow the steps below to set adsl drivermode.
1. Please connect dsl line to the DSLAM.
2. Waiting for dsl SHOWTIME.
3. Drop the dsl line.
4. Now, it is on continuous sending mode, and adsl2/2+ led is always ON.
5. Use 'adsl reboot' to restart dsl to normal mode.
Telnet Command: adsl reboot
This command can wake up the idle router.
Example
> adsl reboot
% Adsl is Rebooting...
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Telnet Command: adsl oamlb
This command is used to test if the connection between CPE and CO is OK or not.
adsl oamlb [n][type]
adsl oamlb chklink [on/off]
adsl oamlb [log_on/log_off]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
n
It means the total number of transmitted packets.
type
It means the protocol that you can use.
1 – for F4 Seg-to-Seg (VP level)
2 – for F4 End-to-End (VP level)
4 – for F5 Seg-to-Seg (VC level)
5 – for F5 End-to-End (VC level)
chklink
Check the DSL connection.
Log_on/log_off
Enable or disable the OAM log for debug.
Example
> adsl oamlb chklink on
OAM checking dsl link is ON.
> adsl oamlb F5 4
Tx cnt=0
Rx Cnt=0
>
Telnet Command: adsl vcilimit
This command can cancel the limit for vci value.
Some ISP might set the vci value under 32. In such case, we can cancel such limit manually by
using this command. Do not set the number greater than 254.
adsl vcilimit [n]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
n
The number shall be between 1 ~ 254.
Example
> adsl vcilimit 33
change VCI limitation from 32 to 33.
Telnet Command: adsl automode
This command is used to add or remove ADSL modes (such as ANNEXL, ANNEXM and ANNEXJ)
supported by Multimode.
adsl automode [add|remove|set|default|show] [adsl_mode]
Syntax Description
Parameter
156
Description
Vigor122 User’s Guide
add
Add ADSL mode.
remove
Remove ADSL mode.
set
Use default settings plus the new added ADSL mode.
default
Use default settings.
show
Display current setting.
adsl_mode
There are three modes to be choose, ANNEXL, ANNEXM and
ANNEXJ.
T1413, GDMT, GLITE, ADSL2, ADSL2+, ANNEXL are enabled on
default.
Example
> adsl automode set ANNEXJ
Automode supported : T1.413, G.DMT, G.LITE, ADSL2, ADSL2+, ANNEXJ,
Telnet Command: adsl annex
This command can display the annex interface of this router.
Example
> adsl annex
% hardware is annex A.
% modem code is annex A
Telnet Command: adsl showbins
This command can display the allocation for each Bin (Tone) SNR, Gain, and Bits.
Syntax
adsl showbins [startbin endbin |up]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
startbin
The number is between 0 ~ 517.
endbin
The number is between 4 ~ 511.
up
Show upstream information.
Example
> adsl showbins 2 30
DOWNSTREAM :
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Bin SNR Gain Bi - Bin SNR Gain Bi - Bin SNR Gain Bi - Bin SNR Gain Bi
dB .1dB ts
dB .1dB ts
dB .1dB ts
dB .1dB ts
--- ----- ---- -- - --- ----- ---- -- - --- ----- ---- -- - --- ----- ---- ---- ----- ---- -- - --- ----- ---- -- - --- ----- ---- -- - --- ----- ---- -Bin SNR Gain Bi - Bin SNR Gain Bi - Bin SNR Gain Bi - Bin SNR Gain Bi
dB .1dB ts
dB .1dB ts
dB .1dB ts
dB .1dB ts
>
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Telnet Command: adsl savecfg
This command can save the configuration into FLASH with a file format of cfg.
Example
> adsl savecfg
% Xdsl Cfg Save OK!
Telnet Command: adsl vendorid
This command allows you to configure user-defined CPE vendor ID.
adsl vendorid [status/on/off/ set vid0 vid1]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
status
Display current status of user-defined vendor ID.
on
Enable the user-defined function.
off
Disable the user-defined function.
set vid0 vid1
It means to set user-defined vendor ID with vid0 and vid1.
The vendor ID shall be set with HEX format, ex: 00fe7244: 79612f21.
Example
>
%
%
>
%
adsl vendorid status
User define CPE Vendor ID is OFF
vid0:vid1 = 0x00fe7244:79612f21
adsl vendorid on set vid0 vid1
User define CPE Vendor ID is ON
Telnet Command: adsl atm
This command can set QoS parameter for ATM.
adsl atm pcr [pvc_no][PCR][max][status]
adsl atm scr [pvc_no][SCR][status]
adsl atm mbs [pvc_no][MBS][status]
adsl atm status
Syntax Description
158
Parameter
Description
pvc_no
It means pvc number and must be between 0(Channel 1) to
7(Channel 8).
PCR
It means Peak Cell Rate for upstream.
The range for the number is “1” to “2539”.
max
Get the highest speed for the upstream.
SCR
Mean Sustainable Cell Rate.
The range for the number is “1” to “2539”.
MBS
Maximum Burst Size.
The range for the number is “1” to “2539”.
status
Display PCR/SCR/MBS setting.
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Example
> adsl atm pcr 1 200 max
% PCR is 0 for pvc 1.
> adsl atm pcr status
pvc channel
PCR
--------------------------0
1
0
1
2
0
2
3
0
3
4
0
Telnet Command: wol
This command allows Administrator to set the white list of WAN IP addresses/Subnets, that
the magic packet from these IP addresses/Subnets will be eligible to pass through NAT and
wake up the LAN client. You also need to set NAT rule for LAN client.
Syntax
wol up [MAC Address]/[IP Address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
MAC Address
It means the MAC address of the host.
IP address
It means the LAN IP address of the host. If you want to wake up LAN
host by using IP address, be sure that that IP address has been
bound with the MAC address (IP BindMAC).
Example
> wol fromWan on
> wol fromWan_Setting 1 192.168.1.45 255.255.255.0
>
Telnet Command: vigbrg on
This command can make the modem to be regarded as a modem but not a router.
Example
> vigbrg on
%Enable Vigor Bridge Function!
Telnet Command: vigbrg off
This command can disable vigor bridge function.
Example
> vigbrg off
%Disable Vigor Bridge Function!
Telnet Command: vigbrg status
This command can show whether the Vigor Bridge Function is enabled or disabled.
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Example
> vigbrg status
%Vigor Bridge Function is enable!
%Wan1 management is disable!
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Telnet Command: vigbrg cfgip
This command allows users to transfer a bridge modem into ADSL router by accessing into and
adjusting specified IP address. Users can access into Web UI of the modem to manage the
modem through the IP address configured here.
Syntax
vigbrg cfgip [IP Address]
Syntax Description
Parameter
Description
IP Address
It means to type an IP address for users to manage the modem.
Example
>
>
%
%
vigbrg cfgip 192.168.1.15
vigbrg cfgip ?
Vigor Bridge Config IP,
Now: 192.168.1.15
Telnet Command: vigbrg wan1on
This command is used to enable the bridge WAN1 management.
Example
> vigbrg wan1on
%Enable Vigor Bridge Wan1 management!
Telnet Command: vigbrg wan1off
This command is used to disable the bridge WAN1 management.
Example
> vigbrg wan1off
%Disable Vigor Bridge Wan1 management!
Telnet Command: tsmail
This command is used to display current settings for sending test mail.
Example
> testmail
Send out test mail
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