basics - Queen Mary University of London

basics - Queen Mary University of London
BASICS !
Getting Plugged Up !
for Performance!
BASICS
GETTING PLUGGED UP
FOR PERFORMANCE
J.PALMER
!
By Jo Palmer!
!
A technical manual designed for artists, performers and other developing
performance practitioners which explains the basics of:
LIGHTING!
SOUND!
!
!
UNIT
The big brother of the Birdie,
Par Cans are almost as simple
in construction; a rotatable
bulb held in a ceramic clasp,
black or silver casing, cablE
and a plug.
FOCUS
(!)
SCALE
!
!
SM58
SM58’s are types of dynamic
microphone that are most commonly
used to amplify the human voice.
AUDIO: AUDIO PHONO (p55)
SOUND
SYSTEM
VIDEO CAMERA
VIDEO CAMERA
!
"!
IN-THE-ROUND
STAGE
RIGHT
WING
AUDIO & VIDEO: AUDIO & VIDEO PHONO
OR AUDIO & VIDEO PHONO TO SCART
LEAD (A ‘JUMPER’) OR HDMI
UP CENTRE
STAGE (CS)
CENTRE
STAGE
RIGHT
(CSR)
UP STAGE
LEFT
(USL)
CENTRE
STAGE
LEFT
(CSL)
STAGE
LEFT
WING
TV/MONITOR
AUDIO: MINI JACK (p55)
LAPTOP/COMPUTER
NOTE:
In lighting, bulbs for lights may also be referred to as Lamps or
Bubbles. For example you may hear a technician say “It’s a blown
bubble’ if a bulb has blown and needs to be replaced.
UP STAGE
RIGHT
(USR)
VIDEO: VIDEO PHONO OR
HDMI
PROJECTOR
When using an SM57 for acoustic
instruments, the microphone must be
directed at where the sound is
created. For example you would place
an SM57 on a microphone stand in front
of the sound hole on an acoustic
guitar, in order for the sound it
produces to be best captured by the
microphone!.
PAR CAN
BULB
TRAVERSE
Stage directions are worked out as if standing on stage facing the
audience; this is the reason why left and right can seem to be the
wrong way around. Directions referring to the auditorium (or where
the audience will be positioned) are worked out facing the stage so
left and right appear the correct way round.
AUDIO: AUDIO PHONO
They often look identical to SM58
microphones. As shown in the above
diagram SM58’s and SM57’s are
typically labeled so that you can
identify one from the other.
THRUST
STAGE DIRECTIONS/AREAS
TV/MONITOR
SM57’s are also dynamic microphones
and are used most commonly to amplify
acoustic instruments.
The below diagrams show how to identify the bulbs that provide different
widths of beam.
Appearance when looking at face of bulb:
END-ON
PROJECTOR
AUDIO & VIDEO: AUDIO & VIDEO PHONO
HDMI OR SCART LEAD (P79)
SM57
PAR CAN BULBS
SOUND
SYSTEM
VIDEO: VIDEO PHONO (p80)
HDMI (p81) OR BNC (p80)
DVD PLAYER
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Par Cans can be opened in the exact same way as Birdies, which provides
access when changing the bulb.
The below diagrams show the technical terms for different stage
configurations. The black boxes show the performance space and the
lines indicate the position of the audience.
DVD PLAYER
To connect it to a mixer you must
plug an XLR cable into it (as
indicated, right). Here the
microphone has a male XLR plug, so
the XLR you plug into it must have
at least one female (socket) end.
FOCUS
In addition to the same
focusing abilities as the
Birdie (‡ ), Par Cans have a
rotatable bulb reached at the
rear of the unit (!) and then
twisted to either side.
STAGE CONFIGURATIONS
Connections between different components in an AV system are not
universal. This means different parts require different types of
connection to allow each element to give or receive information from
another. Unfortunately the equipment is constantly being developed so
it changes relatively quickly, however the following diagram explains
what connections are most commonly required between different parts of
the system. For clarity, the now quite outdated S-video (p79) is not
included.
Not all microphones are good for amplifying every sound.
This section aims to help you identify which microphone
is best for which purpose.
BEAM
Always soft and an oval in
shape, but different bulbs can
be fitted into the casing to
provide different widths of
beam (see below).
FOCUS
(‡ )
THE STAGE
CONNECTIONS IN AV SYSTEMS
MICROPHONES
PAR CANS
STAGE
MANAGEMENT!
AUDIOVISUAL!
DOWN STAGE
RIGHT
(DSR)
SOUND
SYSTEM
VIDEO: VGA (P79)
OR HDMI
XLR
INPUT
HERE
DOWN CENTRE
STAGE
(DCS)
AUDITORIUM
LEFT
DOWN STAGE
LEFT
(DSL)
AUDITORIUM
RIGHT
AUDIO: MINI JACK OR AUDIO PHONO
VIDEO: VGA
BOTH: HDMI
!
"#!
!
!
LAPTOP/COMPUTER
"#
TV/MONITOR
!
""!
Useful as a manual or textbook, this invaluable guide also provides the means
by which to effectively document your work and learn how to productively
communicate with technical staff. Lastly, the fully illustrated pages work as a
look book, enabling you to get what you need simply by pointing at the page.
Sales enquiries: Rose Sharp: r.sharp@qmul.ac.uk Jo Palmer: jopalmer2012@gmail.com £7.99 (Plus P&P) Details of how and where to purchase can be found here: hCp://www.airproject.qmul.ac.uk/publicaEons/index.html ISBN: 978-­‐0-­‐9575353-­‐1-­‐2 Jo Palmer is a Freelance ProducEon Manager and Technician who has worked in many performance genres including Live Art, Theatre and Dance. She started her career in technical theatre pracEce whilst studying English Literature and Theatre Studies at Glasgow University. Basics has a selecEon of supporEng workshops available ranging from 1 to 3 days. They are suitable for both developing and established performance pracEEoners and focus on: •  Widening knowledge of technical performance pracEce. •  Reimagining collaboraEons between technical crew and arEsts/producers/other performance pracEEoners. •  Approaching specific projects with a greater technical understanding. For more details and pricing informaEon please contact Jo Palmer at jopalmer2012@gmail.com. Basics is an AiR Project publicaEon. AiR Project is an iniEaEve established by Lois Weaver and Rose Sharp that sustains established Live Art pracEEoners, supports emerging arEsts and invests in the spaces that nurture their work and their audiences. It creates a dedicated community for Live Art inside Queen Mary, University of London, ensuring that audiences in the East End and across London have the opportuniEes to engage with a wide variety of performances. For more informaEon please visit: hCp://www.airproject.qmul.ac.uk/ 
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