HP-PV Inverter
Line-Interactive Technology
HP-PV Series
HP-PV Series
Pure Sine Wave Inverter
For All Home & Office Appliances
User’s Manual
Version 1.0
Utility + Inverter + Charger + Transfer SW + Solar Power + AGS
All in One
Line-Interactive Technology
HP-PV Series
HP-PV Series Inverter/Charger
Installation and Operation Manual
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HP-PV Series
Table of Contents
1. Important Safety Information.........................................................................................................................3
1-1. General Safety Precautions.........................................................................................................................3
1-2. Precautions When Working with Batteries.................................................................................................3
2. Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 5
2-1. General Information....................................................................................................................................5
2-2. Application..................................................................................................................................................5
2-3. Mechanical Drawing...................................................................................................................................6
2-4. Features..................................................................................................................................................... 11
2-5. Electrical Performance..............................................................................................................................12
2.5.1 Inverter............................................................................................................................................. 12
2.5.2 AC Charger.......................................................................................................................................12
2.5.3 Transfer............................................................................................................................................ 14
2.5.4 Auto frequency adjust...................................................................................................................... 15
2.5.5 Solar Charger....................................................................................................................................15
2.5.6 Automatic Voltage Regulation.........................................................................................................16
2.5.7 Power Saver..................................................................................................................................... 17
2.5.8 Protections........................................................................................................................................19
2.5.9 Remote control................................................................................................................................. 19
2.5.10 LED Indicator & LCD................................................................................................................... 20
2.5.11 Audible Alarm................................................................................................................................21
2.5.12 FAN Operation...............................................................................................................................21
2.5.13 DIP Switches..................................................................................................................................22
2.5.14 Output Socket.................................................................................................................................23
2.5.15 Other features................................................................................................................................. 23
3. Installation....................................................................................................................................................25
3-1. Location.................................................................................................................................................... 25
3-2. DC Wiring recommendation.....................................................................................................................25
3-3. AC Wiring.................................................................................................................................................27
3-4. Install Flange.............................................................................................................................................29
4. Battery Information......................................................................................................................................32
4-1. Battery Type............................................................................................................................................. 32
4-2. Battery Capacity Rating............................................................................................................................32
5. Troubleshooting Guide.................................................................................................................................36
6. Warranty.......................................................................................................................................................39
7. Order Information........................................................................................................................................ 40
Appendix ........................................................................................................................................................ 41
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1. Important Safety Information
WARNING!
This manual contains important instructions for all HP-PV Inverter/Charger models
that shall be followed during installation and maintenance of the inverter.
1-1. General Safety Precautions
1. Before installing and using the HP Inverter/Charger, read all instructions and cautionary markings on the
HP Inverter /Charger and all appropriate sections of this guide. Be sure to read all instructions and
cautionary markings for any equipment attached to this unit.
2. This unit is designed for indoor use only. Do not expose the HP Inverter/Charger to rain, snow, or spray.
3. To reduce risk of fire hazard, do not cover or obstruct the ventilation openings. Do not install the HP
Inverter/Charger in a zero-clearance compartment. Overheating may result.
4. Use only attachments recommended or sold by the manufacturer. Doing otherwise may result in a risk of
fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
5. To avoid a risk of fire and electric shock, make sure that existing wiring is in good condition and that wire
is not undersized. Do not operate the HP Inverter/Charger with damaged or substandard wiring.
6. Do not operate the HP Inverter/Charger if it has received a sharp blow, been dropped, or otherwise
damaged in any way. If the HP Inverter/Charger is damaged, see the Warranty section.
7. Do not disassemble the HP Inverter/Charger. It contains no user-serviceable parts. See Warranty for
instructions on obtaining service. Attempting to service the HP Inverter/Charger yourself may result in a risk
of electrical shock or fire. Internal capacitors remain charged after all power is disconnected.
8. The HP Inverter contains more than one live circuit (batteries and AC line). Power may be present at more
than one source. To reduce the risk of electrical shock, disconnect both AC and DC power from the HP
Inverter/Charger before attempting any maintenance or cleaning or working on any circuits connected to the
HP Inverter/Charger. Turning off controls will not reduce this risk.
9. Use insulated tools to reduce the chance of short-circuits when installing or working with the inverter, the
batteries, or PV array.
1-2. Precautions When Working with Batteries
1. Make sure the area around the battery is well ventilated.
2. Never smoke or allow a spark or flame near the engine or batteries.
3. Use caution to reduce the risk or dropping a metal tool on the battery. It could spark or short circuit the
battery or other electrical parts and could cause an explosion.
4. Remove all metal items, like rings, brace lets, and watches when working with lead-acid batteries.
Lead-acid batteries produce a short circuit current high enough to weld metal to skin, causing a severe burn.
5. Have someone within range of your voice or close enough to come to your aid when you work near a
lead-acid battery.
6. Have plenty of fresh water and soap near by in case battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or eyes.
7. Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching your eyes while working near
batteries.
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8. If battery acid contacts skin or clot hing, wash immediately with soap and water. If acid enters your eye,
immediately flood it with running cold water for at least twenty minutes and get medical attention
immediately.
9. If you need to remove a battery, always remove the grounded terminal from the battery first. Make sure all
accessories are off so you don’t cause a spark.
10. Always use identical types of batteries.
11. Never install old or untested batteries. Check each battery’s date code or label to ensure age and type.
12. Batteries are temperature sensitive. For optimum performance, the should be installed in a stable
temperature environment.
13. Always recycle old batteries. Contact yo ur local recycling center for proper disposal information.
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2. Introduction
2-1. General Information
Thank you for purchasing the HP Series Inverter/Charger.
HP-PV Series Pure Sine Wave Inverter is a combination of an inverter, charger, solar power and
Auto-transfer switch into one complete system . It is packed with unique features and it is one of the most
advanced inverter/chargers in the market today.
The inverter features an AC pass-through circuit, powering your home appliances from utility or generator
power while charging the battery. When utility power fails, the battery backup system keeps your appliances
powered until utility power is restored. Internal protection circuits prevent over-discharge of the batteries by
shutting down the inverter when a low battery condition occurs. When utility or generator power is restored,
the inverter transfers to the AC source and recharges the batteries.
Accessories allow the HP-PV series to also serve as a central hub of a renewable energy system. Set the
HP-PV Series inverter to battery priority mode, designates the inverter-preferred UPS configuration. In this
configuration, the load power in normally provided by the inverter. However, if the inverter output is
interrupted, an internal transfer switch automatically transfers the load from the inverter to commercial AC
power. The transfer time between inverter and line is short(6ms typical), and such transfers are normally not
detected by even highly sensitive loads. Upon restoration of inverter power, the inverter will transfer back to
inverter power.
On the line priority mode, when utility AC power cuts off(or falls out of acceptable range), the transfer relay
is de-energized and the load is automatically transferred to the Inverter output. Once the qualified AC utility
is restored, the relay is energized and the load is automatically reconnected to AC utility.
It features power factor corrected, sophisticated multi-stage charging and pure sine wave output with
unprecedentedly high surge capability to meet demanding power needs of inductive loads without
endangering the equipment.
HP-PV Series Inverter is equipped with a powerful charger of up to 120Amp (depending on Model). The
overload capacity is 300% of continuous output for up to 20 seconds to reliably support tools and equipment
longer
Another important feature is that the inverter can be easily customized to Battery priority via a DIP switch,
this helps to extract maximum power from battery in renewable energy systems. Thus, the HP-PV Series
Pure Sine Wave Inverter is suitable for Renewable energy system, Utility, RV, Marine and Emergency
appliances.
To get the most out of the power inverter, it must be installed, used and maintained properly. Please read the
instructions in this manual before installing and operating.
2-2. Application
Power tools–circular saws, drills, grinders, sanders, buffers, weed and hedge trimmers, air compressors.
Office equipment – computers, printers, monitors, facsimile machines, scanners.
Household items – vacuum cleaners, fans, fluorescent and incandescent lights, shavers, sewing machines.
Kitchen appliances – coffee makers, blenders, ice markers, toasters.
Industrial equipment – metal halide lamp, high – pressure sodium lamp.
Home entertainment electronics – television, VCRs, video games, stereos, musical instruments, satellite
equipment.
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2-3 The Appearance and Mechanical Drawing of HP-PV Series
2.3.1 The Appearance of HP-PV Series
2.3.1.1 The Surface Photograph of HP-PV Series
HP1KW~3KW Series
HP-PV 1KW~6KW Series
HP-PV 8KW~12KW Series
2.3.1.2 The Front Side Photograph of HP-PV Series
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2.3.1.3 The Rear SidePhotograph of HP-PV 8-12KW Series
2.3.2 The Mechanical Drawing of HP-PV Series
2.3.2.1 The Front Side Mechanical Drawing of HP-PV 1-12KW Series
(Single Phase Series)
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2.3.2.2 The Front Side Mechanical Drawing of HP-PV 1-12KW Series
(Daul Phase Series)
2.3.2.3 The Rear Side Mechanical Drawing of HP-PV 1-6KW Series
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2.3.2.4 The Rear Side Mechanical Drawing of HP-PV 8-12KW Series
2.3.2.5 The Front Side Mechanical Drawing of HP 1-3KW Series
(Single Phase Series)
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2.3.2.6 The Front Side Mechanical Drawing of HP 1-3KW Series
(Daul Phase Series)
2.3.2.7 The Rear Side Mechanical Drawing of HP 1-3KW Series
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2-4 Features
 Smart Remote Control (RJ11 or RJ45)
 Battery Temperature Sensor (BTS)
 Automatic Generator Start (AGS)
 Support Solar Panel with MPPT Function
 Designed For Harsh Environment Operation
 DC Start & Automatic Self-Diagnostic Function
 Compatible With Linear & Non-Linear Load
 Easy to Install & Easy to Operate & Easy to Solve
 Low DC Voltage Supports Home & Office Appliances
 Powerful Charge Rate Up to 120Amp, Selectable From 0%-100%
 High Efficiency Design & “Power Saving Mode” to Conserve Energy
 Battery Priority Mode, Designates the Inverter-Preferred UPS Configuration
 13 Vdc Battery Recover Point, Dedicated for Renewable Energy Systems
 8 pre Set Battery Type Selector plus De-sulphation for Totally Flat Batteries
 4-step Intelligent Battery Charging, PFC (Power Factor Correction) for Charger
 8 ms Typical Transfer Time Between Utility & Battery, Guarantees Power
Continuity
 15s Delay Before Transfer when AC Recover, Protection for Load when Used with
Generator
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2-5 Electrical Performance
2.5.1 Inverter
Topology
The HP-PV inverter/charger is built according to the following topology.
Inverter: Full Bridge Topology.
AC Charger: Isolate Boost Topology
Solar Charger: MPPT PV Controller
Because of high efficiency IGBT and 16bit, 4.9MHz microprocessor and heavy transformers, it outputs
PURE SINE WAVE Waveform with an average THD of 8% (Max 10%) depending of load connected and
battery voltage.
The peak efficiency of HP-PV series is 88%.
Overload Capacity
The HP-PV series inverters have different overload capacities, making it ideal to handle demanding loads.
1 For 110%<Load<125%(±10%), no audible alarm in 14 minutes, beeps 0.5s every 1s in the 15th minute,
and Fault(Turn off) after the 15th minute.
2 For 125%<Load<150%(±10%), beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault(Turn off) after the 1 minute.
3 For 300%≧Load>150%(±10%), beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault(Turn off) after 20s.
2.5.2 AC Charger
HP Series is equipped with an active PFC (Power Factor Corrected) multistage battery charger. The PFC
feature is used to control the amount of power used to charge the batteries in order to obtain a power factor
as close as possible to 1.
Unlike other inverters whose max charging current decreases according to the input AC voltage, HP-PV
series charger is able to output max current as long as input AC voltage is in the range of 164-243VAC
(95-127VAC for 120V model), and AC freq is in the range of 48-54Hz(58-64Hz for 60Hz model).
The HP-PV series inverter is with a strong charging current of 120Amp (for 4KW,12V), and the max charge
current can be adjusted from 0%-100% via a linear switch at the right of the battery type selector. This will
be helpful if you are using our powerful charger on a small capacity battery bank. Fortunately, the linear
switch can effectively reduce the max charging current to 20% of its peak.
Choosing “0” in the battery type selector will disable charging function.
There are mainly 3 stages:
Bulk Charging: This is the initial stage of charging. While Bulk Charging, the charger supplies the battery
with controlled constant current. The charger will remain in Bulk charge until the Absorption charge voltage
(determined by the Battery Type selection) is achieved.
Software timer will measure the time from A/C start until the battery charger reaches 0.3V below the boost
voltage, then take this time asT0 and T0×2 = T1.
Absorb Charging: This is the second charging stage and begins after the absorb voltage has been reached.
Absorb Charging provides the batteries with a constant voltage and reduces the DC charging current in order
to maintain the absorb voltage setting.
In this period, the inverter will start a T1 timer; the charger will keep the boost voltage in Boost CV mode
until the T1 timer has run out. Then drop the voltage down to the float voltage. The timer has a minimum
time of 1 hour and a maximum time of 12 hours.
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Float Charging: The third charging stage occurs at the end of the Absorb Charging time. While Float
charging, the charge voltage is reduced to the fl oat charge voltage (determined by the Battery Type
selection*). In this stage, the batteries are kept fully charged and ready if needed by the inverter.
If the A/C is reconnected or the battery voltage drops below 12Vdc/24Vdc/48Vdc, the charger will reset the
cycle above.
If the charge maintains the float state for 10 days, the charger will deliberately reset the cycle to protect the
battery.
Table 2.5.1 Battery Charging Processes
Table 2.5.2 Battery Type Selector
Switch Setting
Description
Fast Mode / VDC
0
Float Mode / VDC
Charger Off
1
Gel USA
14.0
13.7
2
AGM 1
14.1
13.4
3
LiFePO4
14.6
13.7
4
Sealed Lead Acid
14.4
13.6
5
Gel EURO
14.4
13.8
6
Open Lead Acid
14.8
13.3
7
Calcium
15.1
13.6
8
De-sulphation
15.5 (4 Hours then Off)
For 12Vdc Battery Mode (*2 for 24Vdc Mode ; *4 for 48Vdc Mode)
De-sulphation
The de-sulphation cycle on switch position 8 is marked in red because this is a very dangerous setting if you
do not know what you are doing. Before ever attempting to use this cycle you must clearly understand what
it does and when and how you would use it.
What causes sulphation? This can occur with infrequent use of the batteries(nor), or if the batteries have
been left discharged so low that they will not accept a charge. This cycle is a very high voltage charge cycle
designed to try to break down the sulfated crust that is preventing the plates taking a charge and thus allow
the plates to clean up and so accept charge once again.
Charging depleted batteries
The HP-PV series inverter allows start up and through power with depleted batteries.
For 12VDC model, after the battery voltage goes below 10V, if the switch is still (and always) kept in "ON"
position, the inverter is always connected with battery, and the battery voltage does not drop below 2V, the
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inverter will be able to charge the battery once qualified AC inputs are present.
Before the battery voltage goes below 9VDC, the charging can be activated when the switch is turned to
“Off”, then to “ON”.
When the voltage goes below 9VDC, and you accidently turn the switch to OFF or disconnect the inverter
from battery, the inverter will not be able to charge the battery once again, because the CPU loses memory
during this process.
Tabel 2.5.3 AC Charging Current for HP model
Model
Watt
1.000
3.000
5.000
8.000
Battery Voltage
AC Charger Current
Model
Max
Watt
12 Vdc
35 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
20 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
Battery Voltage
AC Charger Current
Max
12 Vdc
60 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
30 ± 5 Amp
10 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
15 ± 5 Amp
12 Vdc
80 ± 5 Amp
12 Vdc
100 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
45 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
55 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
25 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
35 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
65 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
80 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
40 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
50 ± 5 Amp
24 Vdc
100 ± 5 Amp
10.000
48 Vdc
80 ± 5 Amp
48 Vdc
65 ± 5 Amp
12.000
48 Vdc
100 ± 5 Amp
2.000
4.000
6.000
The charging capacity will go to peak in around 3 seconds. This may cause a generator to drop frequency,
making inverter transfer to battery mode.
It is suggested to gradually put charging load on the generator by switching the charging switch from min to
max, together with the 15s switch delay, our inverter gives the generator enough time to spin up. This will
depend on the size of the generator and rate of charge.
2.5.3 Transfer
While in the Standby Mode, the AC input is continually monitored. Whenever AC power falls below the
VAC Trip voltage (154 VAC, default setting for 230VAC,90VAC for 120VAC), the inverter automatically
transfers back to the Inverter Mode with minimum interruption to your appliances - as long as the inverter is
turned on. The transfer from Standby mode to Inverter mode occurs in approximately 8 milliseconds. And it
is the same time from Inverter mode to Standby mode.
Though it is not designed as a computer UPS system, this transfer time is usually fast enough to keep your
equipment powered up.
There is a 15-second delay from the time the inverter senses that continuously qualified AC is present at the
input terminals to when the transfer is made. This delay is built in to provide time for a generator to spin-up
to a stable voltage and avoid relay chattering. The inverter will not transfer to generator until it has locked
onto the generator’s output. This delay is also designed to avoid frequent switching when input utility is
unstable.
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2.5.4 Frequency adjust
The frequency of the inverter is arranged by the SW4. Refer to the Table 2.5.11.
The factory default configuration for 220/230/240VAC inverter is 50Hz, and 60Hz for 100/110/120VAC
inverter. While the output freq can be easily changed once a qualified freq is applied to the inverter.
2.5.5 Solar Charger
Listed below is the spec for solar charger
Table 2.5.4 Solar Charge Electrical Specification @ 25℃
Rated Voltage
12Vdc
24Vdc
Rated Charge Current
40/60Amp
(Includes Load Current)
Load Ccurrent
Input Voltage Range
Max. PV Open Circuit Array Voltage
48Vdc
40Amp
15Amp
15-45Vdc
30-70Vdc
60-100Vdc
45Vdc
70Vdc
100Vdc
2.0 * I(Rated)>5s;1.5 * I(Rated) >20s
Overload Protection (DC load)
1.25 * I(Rated) Temperature Controlled
Typical Idle Consumption
At idle < 10mA
Bulk Charge
14.6Vdc
29.2Vdc
58.4Vdc
Floating Charge
13.4Vdc
26.8Vdc
53.6Vdc
Equalization Charge
14.0Vdc
28.0Vdc
58.0Vdc
Over Charge Disconnect
14.8Vdc
29.6Vdc
59.2Vdc
Over Charge Recovery
13.6Vdc
27.2Vdc
54.4Vdc
Over Discharge Disconnect
10.8Vdc
21.6Vdc
43.2Vdc
Over Discharge Reconnect
12.3Vdc
24.6Vdc
49.6Vdc
Temperature Compensation
-13.2mV/℃
-26.4mV/℃
-52.8mV/℃
Lead Acid Battery Settings
Adjustable
NiCad Battery Settings
Adjustable
Low Voltage Reconnect
12.0-14.0Vdc
24.0-28.0Vdc
48.0-56.0Vdc
Low Voltage Disconnect
10.5-12.5Vdc
21.0-25.0Vdc
42.0-50.0Vdc
Ambient Temperature
Altitude
0-40℃ (Full load) 40-60℃ (De-rating)
Operating 5000m, Non-Operating 16000m
BTS (Optional )
Battery Temperature Sensor①
Remote Battery Temperature Sensor
for Increased Charging Precision
Terminal Size (Fine/Single Wire)
#8 AWG
NOTE:
①The optional battery temperature sensor automatically adjusts the charging process of the controller
according to the type of battery that is selected by user through battery type selector. With the battery
temperature sensor installed, the controller will increase or decrease the battery charging voltage depending
on the temperature of the battery to optimize the charge to the battery and maintain optional performance of
the battery.
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Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) Function
Maximum Power Point Tracking, frequently referred to as MPPT, is an electronic system that operates the
Photovoltaic (PV) modules in a manner that allows the modules to produce all the power they are capable of.
The PV-seeker Charge controller is a microprocessor-based system designed to implement the MPPT.
And it can increase charge current up to 30% or more compared to traditional charge controllers
(See Table 2.5.4).
Table 2.5.5 Current, Power Vs. Voltage Characteristics
The Charge controller built in is with 12/24/48V battery voltage auto detecting function.
For 12/24VDC inverter, the output voltage of solar charger will be accordingly 12/24VDC, and the qualified
DC input volt range is 15 -70VDC.
For 48VDC inverter, the output voltage of solar charger will be accordingly 48VDC, and the qualified DC
input volt range is 60 -100VDC.
If the voltage falls out of this range, the charger will not work properly. Special attention should be paid to
this when configuring the solar array.
2.5.6 Automatic Voltage Regulation(Optional)
The automatic voltage regulation function is for full series of HP Pure Sine Wave Inverter/ Charger except
split phase models including HP1000W~6000W.
Instead of simply bypassing the input AC to power the loads, the HP-SV series inverter stabilizes the input
AC voltage to a range of 230V/120V±10%.
Connected with batteries, the HPS Series inverter will function as a UPS with max transfer time of 10 ms.
With all the unique features our inverter provides, it will bring you long-term trouble free operation beyond
your expectation.
Function Introduction
Table 2.5.5 Input Voltage Transfer Points
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HPS-PV Series
HPS-PV Function (Optional)
LV (NA/JPN)
HV (INTL)
0-160
0-300
Acceptable Input Voltage Range (Vac)
Nominal Input Voltages (Vac)
100
110
120
220
230
240
(A) Line low loss N/W (On battery)
75/65
84/72
92/78
168/143
176/150
183/156
(B) Line Low comeback N/W (On Boost)
80/70
89/77
97/83
178/153
186/160
193/166
(C) Line 2nd boost threshold (On Boost)
**
**
**
**
**
**
(D) Line 2nd boost comeback (On Normal)
**
**
**
**
**
**
(E) Line 1st boost threshold (On Boost)
90
99
108
198
207
216
(F) Line 1st boost comeback (On Normal)
93
103
112
205
215
225
(G) Line buck comeback (On Normal)
106
118
128
235
246
256
(H) Line buck threshold (On Buck)
110
121
132
242
253
264
(I) Line high comeback (On Buck)
115
127
139
253
266
278
(J) Line high loss (On Battery)
120
132
144
263
276
288
2.5.7 Power Saver Mode
There are 3 different working status for HP inverter: “Power Saver Auto” 、“Power Saver Off” and
“Power Off”.
When power switch is in “Unit Off” position, the inverter is powered off.
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When power switch is turned to either of “Power Saver Auto” or “Power Saver Off”, the inverter is powered
on.Power saver function is designed to conserve battery power when AC power is not or rarely required by
the loads.
In this mode, the inverter pulses the AC output looking for an AC load (i.e., electrical appliance). Whenever
an AC load (greater than 25 watts) is turned on, the inverter recognizes the need for power and automatically
starts inverting and output goes to full voltage. When there is no load (or less than 25 watts) detected, the
inverter automatically goes back into search mode to minimize energy consumption from the battery bank.
In “Power saver on” mode, the inverter will draw power mainly in sensing moments, thus the idle
consumption is significantly reduced.
Power saver on
Power saver off
Power saver on (Load detected)
Note: The minimum power of load to take inverter out of sleep mode (Power Saver On) is 25 Watts.
Table 2.5.6 HP Series Idle Power Consumption
Model
Power Saver Off
Power Saver Auto
Idle(Max)
3Secs(Max)
1.0KW
18W
7.5W
1.5KW
18W
7.5W
2.0KW
30W
10.0W
3.0KW
60W
15.0W
4.0KW
70W
20.0W
5.0KW
80W
25.0W
6.0KW
90W
25.0W
8.0KW
120W
30.0W
10.0KW
150W
35.0W
12.0KW
180W
40.0W
Stand-By Mode
2.5W
When in the search sense mode, the green power LED will blink and the inverter will make a ticking sound.
At full output voltage, the green power LED will light steadily and the inverter will make a steady humming
sound. When the inverter is used as an “Un-interruptible power supply” the search sense mode or “Power
Saver On” function should be defeated.
Exceptions
Some devices when scanned by the load sensor cannot be detected. Small fluorescent lights are the most
common example. (Try altering the plug polarity by turning the plug over.) Some computers and
sophisticated electronics have power supplies that do not present a load until line voltage is available. When
this occurs, each unit waits for the other to begin. To drive these loads either a small companion load must
be used to bring the inverter out of its search mode, or the inverter may be programmed to remain at full
output voltage.
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2.5.8 Protections
The HP-PV series inverter is equipped with extensive protections against various harsh situations/faults.
These protections include:
AC Input over voltage protection/AC Input low voltage protection
Low battery alarm/High battery alarm
Over temperature protection/Over load protection
Short Circuit protection (1sec after fault)
Back feeding protection
When Over temperature /Over load occur, after the fault is cleared, the master switch has to be reset to
restart the inverter.
The Low batter voltage trip point can be customized from defaulted value 10VDC to 10.5VDC turn the SW1
on DIP switch.
The inverter will go to Over temp protection when heat sink temp. ≥105ºC, and go to Fault (shutdown
Output) after 30 seconds. The switch has to be reset to activate the inverter.
The HP series Inverter has back feeding protection which avoids presenting an AC voltage on the AC input
terminal in Invert mode.
After the reason for fault is cleared, the inverter has to be reset to start working.
2.5.9 Remote control Module
Apart from the switch panel on the front of the inverter, an extra switch panel connected to the RJ11 port at
the DC side of the inverter thru a standard telephone cable can also control the operation of the inverter.
If an extra switch panel is connected to the inverter via “remote control port”, together with the panel on the
inverter case, the two panels will be connected and operated in parallel.
Whichever first switches from “Off” to “Power saver off” or “Power saver on”, it will power the inverter on.
If the commands from the two panels conflict, the inverter will accept command according to the following
priority:
Power saver on> Power saver off> Power off
Only when both panels are turned to “Unit Off” position will the inverter be powered off.
The Max length of the cable is 10 meters.
WARNING
Never cut the telephone cable when the cable is attached to inverter and battery is connected to the inverter.
Even if the inverter is turned off. It will damage the remote PCB inside if the cable is short circuited during
cutting.
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2.5.10 LED Indicator & LCD
Table 2.5.7 HP Series LED Indicators
LINE MODE
GREEN LED lit in AC Mode
INVERTER MODE
GREEN LED lit in Inverter Mode
FAST CHARGE
YELLOW LED lit in Fast Charging Mode
FLOAT CHARGE
GREEN LED lit in Float Charging Mode
Please refer to ‘Indicator and Buzzer’
ALARM MODE
RED LED lit in Error State
for the detailed information.
OVER TEMP TRIP
RED LED lit in Over Temperature
OVER LOAD TRIP
RED LED lit in Over Load
POWER SAVER ON
GREEN LED lit in Power Saver Mode
Table 2.5.8 HP Series LCD Indicato
1 Greeting message
2 AC Status & Input Voltage
3 Output Voltage/Frequency & Battery voltage
4 Output Current / Load( in percentage)
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2.5.11 Audible Alarm
Table 2.5.9 HP Series Audible Alarm Spec
Battery Voltage Low
Inverter green LED lit, and the buzzer beeps 0.5s every 5s.
Battery Voltage High
Inverter green LED lit, and the buzzer beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 60s.
(1)110%<load<125%(±10%), No audible alarm in 14 minutes,
Invert Mode Over-Load
Beeps 0.5s every 1s in 15th minute and Fault after 15 minutes;
(2)125% <load<150%(±10%), Beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 60s;
(3)Load>150%(±10%), Beeps 0.5s every 1s and Fault after 20s;
Over Temperature
Heat-sink temp. ≥105ºC, Over temp red LED Lighting, beeps 0.5s every 1s;
2.5.12 FAN Operation
For 1-3KW, there is one multiple controlled DC fan,For 4-6KW, there is two multiple controlled DC fan
which starts to work according to the following logic
For 8-12KW, there is two multiple controlled DC fan and one AC fan. The DC fan will work in the same
way as the one on 1-3KW, while the AC fan will work once there is AC output from the inverter.
So when the inverter is in power saver mode, the AC fan will work from time to time in response to the
pulse sent by the inverter in power saver mode.
The Operation of the DC fan at the DC terminal side is controlled by the following logic
(Refer to Table 2.5.10):
Table 2.5.10 HP Series Fan Operation Logic
Condition
HEAT SINK
TEMPERATURE
CHARGER
CURRENT
LOAD%
(INV MODE)
Enter condition
Leave condition
Speed
T ≤ 60℃
T > 65℃
Off
65℃≤ T <85 ℃
T ≤ 60℃ / T ≥ 85℃
50%
T > 85℃
T ≤ 80℃
100%
I ≤ 15%
I ≥ 20%
Off
20%< I ≤ 50%
I ≤ 15% / I ≥ 50%
50%
I > 50%
I ≤ 40%
100%
Load < 30%
Load ≥ 30%
Off
30% ≤ Load < 50%
Load ≤ 20% / Load ≥ 50%
50%
Load ≥ 50%
Load ≤ 40%
100%
Allow at least 30cm of clearance around the inverter for air flow. Make sure that the air can circulate freely
around the unit.
Variable speed fan operation is required in inverter and charge mode. This is to be implemented in such a
way as to ensure high reliability and safe unit and component operating temperatures in an operating
ambient temperature up to 50°C.
 Speed to be controlled in a smooth manner as a function of internal temperature and/or current.
 Fan should not start/stop suddenly.
 Fan should run at minimum speed needed to cool unit.
 Fan noise level target <60db at a distance of 1m.
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2.5.13 DIP Switches
On the front panel of inverter, there are 5 DIP switches which enable users to customize the performance of
the device.
Table 2.5.11 HP Series Dip Switch Function Setting
DIP Switch
Switch Function
Position: 0
Position: 1
10.0Vdc
10.5Vdc
For Deep-Cycle Battery
For Starting Battery
NO.
SW1
Low Battery Trip Volt
*2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc
AC Source
SW2
AC Input Range / (AVR)
230Vac HV
For Utility Mode
For Generator Mode
184-253Vac /
140-270Vac / (150-276Vac)
(176-276Vac)
100-135Vac /
120Vac LV
90-135Vac / (78-144Vac)
(92-144Vac)
SW3
Power Saver Auto Setting
Night Charger Function
Detect Load Per 3Secs
SW4
O/P Frequency Setting
50Hz
60Hz
SW5
Solar/AC Priority Setting
Utility Priority
Battery Priority
SW1: Low Battery Trip Volt:
For 12VDC model, the Low Battery Trip Volt is set at 10.0Vdc by typical deep cycle lead acid battery. It
can be customized to 10.5Vdc using SW1 for sealed car battery, this is to prevent batteries from
over-discharging while there is only a small load applied on the inverter.(*2 for 24VDC, *4 for 48VDC)
SW2: AC Input Range:
There are different acceptable AC input ranges for different kinds of loads.
For some relatively sensitive electronic devices, a narrow input range of 184-253VAC (100-135V for
120VAC model) is required to protect them.
While for some resistive loads which work in a wide voltage range, the input AC range can be customized to
140-270VAC (90-135V for 120VAC model), this helps to power loads with the most AC input power
without frequent switches to the battery bank.
In order to make the inverter accept dirty power from a generator, when the SW2 is switched to position
“1” , the inverter will bypass an AC input with a wide voltage and frequency(40Hz-70Hz for 50Hz/60Hz).
Accordingly, the AC charger will also work in a wide voltage and frequency range (43Hz-67Hz for
50Hz/60Hz). This will avoid frequent switches between battery and generator. But some sensitive loads will
suffer from the low quality power.
The pros and cons should be clearly realized.
SW3: Power Saver Auto Setting :
In Power Saver Mode, when the SW3 is switched to position“0”, inverter will work in Unit Off Charging
mode, it will stay in standby mode without sensing loads. It won’t output any power even if a load is turned
on. The inverter will not perform any function and only stay idle in this mode. When a qualified AC input
present, it will switch to AC input power to charge the battery and supply the load at the same time.
When the SW3 is switched to position“0”, the inverter is initially in standby mode and sends a pulse to
detect the presence of a load every 3 seconds. Each pulse lasts for 250ms. The inverter will remain in
standby mode until a load has been detected. Then it will wake up from standby mode and start to inverter
electricity from the battery bank to supply the load.
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SW4: Frequency Switch:
The output frequency of the inverter can be set at either 50Hz or 60Hz by SW4.
SW5: Solar Mode/AC Mode Priority:
Our inverter is designed with AC priority by default. This means, when AC input is present, the battery will
be charged first, and the inverter will transfer the input AC to power the load. Only when the AC input is
stable for a continuous period of 15 days, the inverter will start a battery inverting cycle to protect the
battery. After 1 normal charging cycle ac through put will be restored.
The AC Priority and Battery Priority switch is SW5. When you choose battery priority, the inverter will
inverting from battery despite the AC input. Only when the battery voltage is reaches low voltage alarm
point(10.5V for 12V), the inverter transfers to AC Input, charge battery, and switch back to battery when
battery is charged full. This function is mainly for wind/solar systems taking utility power as back up.
2.5.14 Output Socket
The inverter is either equipped with a dual GFCI socket (rated at 30Amps) or an universal socket (rated at
10Amps) for more convenient wiring.
2.5.15 Other features
Battery voltage recovery start
After low battery voltage shut off (10V for 12V model/20V for 24V model/40V for 48V model), the inverter
is able to restore operation after the battery voltage recovers to 13Vdc/26Vdc/52Vdc (with power switch still
in the “On” position). This function helps to save the users extra labor to reactivate the inverter when the
low battery voltage returns to an acceptable range in the renewable energy systems. The built in battery
charger will automatically reactivate as soon as city/generator ac has been stable for 15 seconds.
WARNING
Never leave the loads unattended, some loads (like a Heater) may cause accident in such cases.
It is better to shut everything down after low voltage trip than to leave your load on, due to the risk of fire.
Auto Generator Start (AGS)
The inverter can be customized to start up a generator when battery voltage goes low.
When the inverter goes to low battery alarm, it can send a signal to start a generator, and turn the generator
off after battery charging is finished.
The auto generator start feature will only work with generators designed to work with this feature. There is
an open/closed relay that will short circuit the positive and negative cable from a generator. The input DC
voltage can vary, but the Max current the relay can carry is 16Amp.
Battery temperature sensor (BTS)
A battery temperature sensor (BTS) option can easily be installed in the system to ensure proper charging of
the batteries based on temperature. Installing a BTS extends battery life by preventing overcharging in warm
temperatures and undercharging in cold temperatures.
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To install the Battery Temperature Sensor:
1. Run the battery temperature sensor wire in the DC conduit (if used) and route the RJ11 connector end to
the BATTERY SENSE port located on the front of the inverter.
2. Secure the sensor to one of the batteries located in the center of the battery pack.
Conformal Coating
Entire line of HP-PV inverters have been processed with a conformal coating on the PCB making it water,
rust, and dust resistant.
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3 Installation
3-1 Location
Follow all the local regulations to install the inverter.
Please install the equipment in a location that is Dry, Clean, Cool and that has good ventilation.
Working temperature: ‐10℃‐40℃
Storage temperature: ‐40‐70℃
Relative Humidity: 0%‐95%,non-condensing
Cooling: Forced air
3-2 DC Wiring recommendation
It is suggested the battery bank be kept as close as possible to the inverter. The following able is a suggested
wiring option for 1m DC cable.
Please find the following minimum wire size. In case of DC cable longer than 1m, please increase the cross
section of cable to reduce the loss.
Model
Watt
Battery Voltage
Wire Gage /Min
0~1.0m
1.0~5.0m
Model
Watt
Battery Voltage
Wire Gage /Min
0~1.0m
1.0~5.0m
12 Vdc
60mm²
75mm²
24 Vdc
30mm²
45mm²
1.000
12 Vdc
30mm²
40mm²
~
24 Vdc
15mm²
20mm²
1.500
48 Vdc
10mm²
15mm²
48 Vdc
15mm²
25mm²
12 Vdc
90mm²
120mm²
12 Vdc
120mm²
150mm²
24 Vdc
45mm²
60mm²
24 Vdc
60mm²
75mm²
48 Vdc
25mm²
30mm²
48 Vdc
30mm²
40mm²
24 Vdc
75mm²
95mm²
24 Vdc
90mm²
120mm²
48 Vdc
40mm²
50mm²
48 Vdc
45mm²
60mm²
24 Vdc
120mm²
150mm²
10.000
48 Vdc
75mm²
95mm²
48 Vdc
60mm²
75mm²
12.000
48 Vdc
90mm²
120mm²
3.000
5.000
8.000
2.000
4.000
6.000
Please note that if there is a problem obtaining for example 100mm²cable, use 2*50mm²or 3*35mm².
One cable is always best , but cable is simply copper and all you require is the copper, so it does not matter
if it is one cable or 10 cables as long as the square area adds up. Performance of any product can be
improved by thicker cable and shorter runs, so if in doubt round up and keep the length as short as possible.
Battery cables must have crimped (or preferably, soldered and crimped) copper compression lugs unless
aluminum mechanical lugs are used. Soldered connections alone are not acceptable. High quality, UL-listed
battery cables are available .These cables are color-coded with pressure crimped, sealed ring terminals.
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Figure 3.2.1 Battery Cable Connections
CAUTION: Equipment Damage
The inverter is not reverse polarity protected. Reversing the battery polarity on the DC input connections
will cause permanent damage to the inverter which is not covered under warranty. Always check polarity
before making connections to the inverter.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Ensure the inverter is off before disconnecting the battery cables, and that AC power is disconnected from
the inverter input.
Battery terminal must be clean to reduce the resistance between the DC terminal and cable connection. A
buildup of dirt or oxidation may eventually lead to the cable terminal overheating during periods of high
current draw. Use a stiff wire brush and remove all dirt and corrosion from the battery terminals and cables.
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3-3 AC Wiring
We recommend using 10-5AWG wire to connect to the AC terminal block.
There are 3 different ways of connecting to the terminal block depending on the model. All the wirings are CE
compliant, Call our tech support if you are not sure about how to wire any part of your inverter.
Single-Phase Wiring Mode
230Vac or 120Vac
Input: Hot line+Neutral+Ground
Output: Hot line+Neutral+Ground
Daul-Phase Wiring Mode
240Vac split phase
Input: Hot line+ Hot line +Ground
Output: Hot line+ Hot line +Neutral
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Wiring Option 3
120Vac split phase
Input: Hot line+ Hot line +Ground
Output: Hot line +Neutral+Ground
Remark: In such cases, each output hot line can only carry a half the rated capacity Max.
`
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3-4 Install Flange
HP1-3KW Model
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HP-PV Series
HP1-3KW Model
HP4-6KW Model
HPV1-6KW Model
HP8-12KW Model
HPV8-12KW Model
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HP-PV Series
HP4-6KW Model
HPV1-6KW Model
HP8-12KW Model
HPV8-12KW Model
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HP-PV Series
4 Battery Information
4-1 Battery Type
There are two principal types of batteries: Starting type and Deep-Discharge type. Batteries can be either
sealed or non-sealed(Vented).
A. Starting type: Automotive(Starting type) batteries are designed to provide high starting current for short
periods of time and are not appropriate for solar system.
B. Deep-Discharge type: The battery types recommended for use in the inverter system are Flooded Lead
Acid
* Sealed construction, safety and no leakage
* Maintenance-free, convenient for installation
* Broad operating temperature range
* High capacity, high energy density
* Long service life, Excellent recharge and discharge performance
* Low self-discharge rate, more deep cycle times
4-2 Battery Capacity Rating
4.2.1 Battery Discharge Rate
Deep cycle batteries have their amp-hour rating expressed as “at the x-hour rate”.
The hour rating refers to the time it takes to discharge the batteries. A faster hour rate (10 hour rate) means
more current is withdrawn from the batteries during their discharge period. There is an inevitable amount of
heat associated with the flow of current through a battery and the higher amount of current the greater the
amount of heat will be generated. The heat is energy which is no longer available to the battery to power
loads. a relatively long discharge rate (120 hour rate) will result in a larger number of amp-hours being
available for electrical loads.
4.2.2 Depth of Discharge
The battery bank`s size determines the length of time the inverter can supply AC output power. The larger
the bank, the longer the inverter can run.
In general, the battery bank should be designed so the batteries do not discharge more than 60% of their
capacity on a regular basis. Discharging up to 80% is acceptable on a limited basis, such as a prolonged
utility outage. Totally discharging a battery can reduce its effective life or permanently damage it.
4.2.3 Understanding Amp-Hour Requirements
To estimate the battery bank requirements, you must first calculate the amount of power you will draw from
the batteries during your period of autonomy. This power draw is then translated into Amp-Hours (Ah)
the unit of measure to express deep-cycle battery capacity.
Amp Hours are calculated multiplying the current drawn by the load by the length of time it will operate.
To calculate amps when the power consumption is expressed in watts, use the following equation:
A = P/V
P = Watts ; V = Volts DC ;
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For example:
A 60 watt light bulb will draw approximately 5.0 Amps.
5.0 = 60 /12
If the light runs for three hours it will consume (5.0 x 3) or 15 Ah of power.
HP-PV Series
The length of time a load is operated will affect the power draw. In some cases, an appliance which draws a
large wattage may not consume as many amp hours as a load drawing fewer watts but running for a longer
period of time.
For Example:
A circular saw draws 1500 watts or 125 amps. It takes 5 seconds to complete a cross cut. Twelve such cuts
would take a minute and you would consume 125A x 0.016* hour = 2 Ah. (*0.016 = 1/60 )
Suggestion :
All electrical appliances have labels which state their energy consumption. Look for an amps rating on
motors and a watts rating on other appliances. If the label plate has expressed power consumption in amps,
multiply by volts for the watts required. (watts = volts x amps).
When calculating battery bank size, consider the following:
Motors typically require 3 to 6 times their running current when starting. Check the manufacturer’s data
sheets for their starting current requirements. If you will be starting large motors from the inverter, increase
the battery bank size to allow for the higher start-up current.
4.2.4 Battery Configurations
The battery bank must be wired to match the inverter’s DC input voltage specifications (12 or 24 or 48Vdc).
In addition, the batteries can be wired to provide additional run time.
Series:Wiring batteries in series increases the total bank output voltage. This voltage MUST match the DC
requirements of the inverter or inverter and/or battery damage may occur.
Parallel:Wiring the batteries in parallel increases the total run time the batteries can operate the AC loads.
The more batteries connected in parallel the longer the loads can be powered from the inverter.
Series-Parallel:Series-parallel configurations increase both the battery voltage (to match the inverter’s DC
requirements) and run-time for operating the AC loads. This voltage must match the DC requirements of the
inverter.
Batteries with more than two or three series strings in parallel often exhibit poor performance characteristics
and shortened life.
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4.2.5 Wiring Batteries
Table 4.2.1 Battery Wiring In Series Configuration
Table 4.2.2 Battery Wiring In Parallel Configuration
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Table 4.2.3 Battery Wiring In Series-Parallel Configuration
Important: Connecting the positive and negative wires to the inverter from different strings ensures a
balanced charge/discharge through the batteries, resulting in longer run times and improved battery life.
4.2.6 Batteries Maintenance
To get the best performance from an inverter system, the batteries must be properly setup and maintained.
This includes setting the proper voltages for Bulk and Float charging. See the “CAUTIONS” in the section
on Equalization Charging that follows. In addition, the battery terminals should be inspected,cleaned, and
re-torqued if necessary.
Battery posts must be clean to reduce the resistance between the battery post and cable connection. A
buildup of dirt or oxidation may eventually lead to the cable terminal overheating during periods of high
current draw.
Use a stiff wire brush and remove all dirt and corrosion from the battery terminals and cables. Use an
alkaline solution of baking soda and water to clean the terminals and neutralize any battery acid on the
terminals or cable lugs.
Charge Rate
The maximum safe charge rate is related to the size and type of the batteries. Flooded lead acid batteries
(with removable caps) can be charged at a high rate. Small batteries may require a lower charge rate. Check
with your battery vendor for the proper battery charging rate for the batteries used in the system.
Bulk Voltage
This is the maximum voltage the batteries will be charged to during a normal charge cycle. Gel cell batteries
are set to a lower value and non-sealed batteries are set to a higher voltage setting.
Float Voltage
The Float voltage is set lower than the Bulk voltage and provides a maintenance charge on the batteries to
keep them in a ready state.
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Temperature Compensation
For optimal battery charging, the Bulk and Float charge rates should be adjusted according to the
temperature of the battery. This can be accomplished automatically by using a BTS. The sensor attaches
directly to the side of one of the batteries in the bank and provides precise battery temperature information.
When battery charging voltages are compensated based on temperature, the charge voltage will vary
depending on the temperature around the batteries. The following table describes approximately how much
the voltage may vary depending on the temperature of the batteries.
If you have liquid lead acid batteries (non-sealed), you may need to periodically equalize your batteries.
Check the water level monthly to maintain it at the appropriate level.
Important: If the battery temperature is allowed to fall to extremely cold temperatures, the inverter with a
BTS may not be able to properly recharge cold batteries due to maximum voltage limits of the inverter.
Ensure the batteries are protected from extreme temperatures.
5 Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting contains information about how to troubleshoot possible error conditions while using the
HP Series Inverter & Charger.
The following chart is designed to help you quickly pinpoint the most common inverter failures.
Indicator and Buzzer
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Indicator On Front Panel
Status
Item
Utility
Power
On
Inverter
Fast
Float
On
Charge
Charge
Alarm
Indicator On Remote Module
Over-Temp
Over-Load
Power Save
CHARGER
INVERTER
Trip
Trip
On
ON
ON
Buzzer
ALARM
C.C
√
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Line
C.V
√
×
√, Blink
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Mode
Float
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
Standby
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Inverter On
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
Power Saver
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
Battery Low
×
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
√
Beep 0.5s every 5s
Battery High
×
√
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
√
√
Beep 0.5s every 1s
×
√
×
×
√
×
√
×
×
√
√
×
√
×
×
√
√
×
×
×
√
√
Beep 0.5s every 1s
√
×
√
×
√
√
×
×
√
×
√
Beep 0.5s every 1s
Over Charge
√
×
√
×
√
×
×
×
√
×
√
Beep 0.5s every 1s
Fan Lock
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Beep continuous
Battery High
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
Beep continuous
×
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
Beep continuous
Output Short
×
×
×
×
√
×
√
×
×
×
√
Beep continuous
Over-Temp
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
Beep continuous
Over Charge
×
×
√
×
×
×
×
×
√
×
×
Beep continuous
Back Feed Short
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
Beep continuous
Inv
Mode
Overload On
Inv
Mode
Inverter Mode
Over-Temp On
Inverter Mode
Over-Temp On
Line Mode
Fault
Inverter Mode
Mode
Overload
Fault
Mode
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alarm”
Line-Interactive Technology
Symptom
Inverter will not turn on during
initial power up.
HP-PV Series
Possible Cause
Batteries are not connected, loose
battery-side connections.
Recommended Solution
Check the batteries and cable
connections. Check DC fuse and
breaker.
Low battery voltage.
Inverter has been manually
transitioned to OFF mode.
Low battery.
Charge the battery.
Press the switch to Power saver on
or Power saver off position.
Check the condition of the batteries
and recharge if possible.
No AC output voltage and no
indicator lights ON.
AC output voltage is low and the
inverter turns loads OFF in a short
time.
Charger is inoperative and unit AC voltage has dropped
will not accept AC.
out-of-tolerance
Charger controls are improperly set.
Charger is supplying a lower Low AC input voltage.
charge rate.
Loose battery or AC input
connections.
High AC input voltages from the
Charger turns OFF while charging generator.
from a generator.
Sensitive loads turn off
temporarily when transferring
between grid and inverting.
Noise from Transformer/case*
Inverter's Low voltage trip voltage
may be too low to sustain
certain loads.
Applying specific loads such as hair
drier
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Check the AC voltage for proper
voltage and frequency.
Refer to the section on adjusting the
“Charger Rate”.
Source qualified AC power..
Check all DC /AC connections.
Load the generator down with a
heavy load.
Turn the generator output voltage
down.
Choose narrow AC voltage in the
DIP switch, or Install a UPS if
possible.
Remove the loads
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HP-PV Series
*The reason for the noise from transformer and/or case
When in inverter mode sometimes the transformer and/or case of the inverter may vibrate and make noise.
If the noise comes from transformer:
According to the characteristics of our inverter, mainly there is one type of load which most likely may cause rattles of transformer.
That is half wave load: A load that uses only half cycle of the power (see figure 1). This tends to cause an imbalance of the magnetic field of the transformer,
reducing its rated working freq from 20KHz to maybe 15KHz (it varies according to different loads). In such a case the frequency of noise falls exactly into the
range (200Hz-20KHz) that human ears can hear.
The most common load of such kind is a hair drier.
If the noise comes from the case:
Normally when loaded with inductive loads, the magnetic field generated by the transformer keeps attracting or releasing the steel case at a specific freq, this
may also cause noise.
Reducing the load power or using an inverter with bigger capacity will normally solve this problem.
The noise will not do any harm to the inverter or the loads.
Figure 1 Half Cycle Load Waveform
6 Warranty
We offer a 1 year limited warranty.
The following cases are not covered under warranty.
1 DC polarity reverse.
The inverter is designed without DC polarity reverse protection. A polarity reverse may severely damage the inverter.
2 Wrong AC wiring
3 Operating in a wet environment.
4 Operating with an undersized generator or generator with unqualified wave form.
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Line-Interactive Technology
HP-PV Series
7 Ordering Information
Model Identification and Numbering Conventions
The HP Inverter is identified by the model/serial number labels. The Serial Number can be located on the mounting rail or inside the top cover. Model Number
labels may be located on the bottom side of the front cover or possibly inside the front cover. All the necessary information is provided on the label such as AC
output voltage, power and frequency (punch holes).
The inverter also has a letter designator followed by 4-6 digits (depending on revision). The model number describes the type of inverter, the output
specifications, the required battery voltage and the output voltage and frequency.
Figure 6-1 Product Identification
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Line-Interactive Technology
HP-PV Series
Appendix 1
Electrical Specifications
Inverter Output
Model
1.0KW
1.5KW
2.0KW
3.0KW
4.0KW
5.0KW
6.0KW
8.0KW
10.0KW
12.0KW
Continuous Output Power
1.0KW
1.5KW
2.0KW
3.0KW
4.0KW
5.0KW
6.0KW
8.0KW
10.0KW
12.0KW
Surge Rating(20Secs)
3.0KW
4.5KW
6.0KW
9.0KW
12.0KW
15.0KW
18.0KW
24.0KW
30.0KW
36.0KW
Output Waveform
Pure Sine wave/Same as input(Bypass Mode)
Nominal Efficiency
>88%(Peak)
Line Mode Efficiency
>95%
Power Factor
0.9-1.0
Nominal Output Voltage rms
100-110-120Vac / 220-230-240Vac
Output Voltage Regulation
±10% RMS
Output Frequency
50Hz ± 0.3Hz/60Hz ± 0.3Hz
Short Circuit Protection
Yes( 1sec after fault )
Typical transfer Time
10ms(Max)
THD
DC Input
Nominal Input Voltage
12.0Vdc / 24.0Vdc / 48.0Vdc
Minimum Start Voltage
10.0Vdc / 10.5Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Low Battery Alarm
10.5Vdc / 11.0Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Low Battery Trip
10.0Vdc / 10.5Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
High Voltage Alarm
16.0Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Low Battery voltage recover
15.5Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
BTS
24.0Vdc / 48.0Vdc
< 25 W when Power Saver On.(Refer to Table )
Output Voltage
Depends on battery type (Refer to Table 2.5.2)
20A
20A
20A
Max Charge Power Rate
25A
32A
10-15.7Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Over Charge Protection S.D.
15.7Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Battery Temperature Sensor
Bypass &
Input Voltage Waveform
Protection
Nominal Voltage
40A
40A
50A
80A
1/3 Rating Power (Refer to Table 2.5.3)
Battery Initial Voltage for Start
(Optional)
48.0Vdc
*2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc;
Idle Consumption-Search Mode
Charger Breaker Rating
Charger
< 10%
*2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc;
Yes(Refer to the table )
Variances in Charging Voltage & S.D Voltage Base on the Battery Temperature.
Sine wave (Grid or Generator)
100-110-120Vac / 220-230-240Vac
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80A
Line-Interactive Technology
HP-PV Series
Max Input AC Voltage
150VAC For 120Vac LV Mode;300VAC For 230Vac HV Mode;
Nominal Input Frequency
50Hz or 60Hz
Low Freq Trip
47±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 57±0.3Hz for 60Hz
High Freq Trip
55±0.3Hz for 50Hz, 65±0.3Hz for 60Hz
Overload protection(SMPS load)
Circuit Breaker
Output Short circuit protection
Circuit Breaker
Bypass breaker rating
20A
Transfer switch rating
20A
20A
25A
30Amp
80Amp
15-45Vdc / 30-70Vdc / 60-100Vdc
Rated Charge Current
40 OR 60A
Rated Output Current
15A
< 10mA
Bulk Charge(Default)
14.5Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Floating Charge(Default)
13.5Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Equalization Charge(Default)
14.0Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Over Charge Disconnection
14.8Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Over Charge Recovery
13.6Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Over Discharge Disconnection
10.8Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
Over Discharge Reconnection
12.3Vdc for 12Vdc Mode
( *2 for 24Vdc, *4 for 48Vdc)
-13.2mV/℃ for 12Vdc Mode
Temperature Compensation
0 ~ 40℃(Full load)
Ambient Temperature
Mounting
40 ~ 60℃(Derating)
Wall Mount
Inverter Dimensions(L*W*H)
388*415*200mm
21+2.5
Shipping Dimensions(L*W*H)
Shipping Weight(Solar Chg)KG
80A
80Amp for UL
40Amp
Self Consumption
Specifications
80A
12Vdc / 24Vdc / 48Vdc
Solar Input Voltage Range
Inverter Weight(Solar Chg)KG
50A
40Amp for UL
Rated Voltage
Mechanical
40A
Yes (Optional)
Max bypass current
(Optional)
40A
30Amp for UL & TUV
Bypass without battery connected
Solar Charger
32A
22+2.5
23+2.5
488*415*200mm
27+2.5
550*520*310mm
23+2.5
24+2.5
25+2.5
Display
38+2.5
48+2.5
588*415*200mm
49+2.5
650*520*310mm
29+2.5
40+2.5
50+2.5
1 Years
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66+2.5
70+2.5
750*520*310mm
51+2.5
Status LEDs / Status LEDs+LCD
Standard Warranty
60+2.5
62+2.5
68+2.5
72+2.5
Line-Interactive Technology
HP-PV Series
Appendix 2 Battery Temperature Compensation (BTS)
Condition
Charger Mode
Inverter Mode
INV/CHG Status
Transfer Point
CHG On >>>CHG Off
BTS ≥ 50℃
CHG Off >>> CHG On
BTS ≤ 40℃
S.D Point + 0.5Vdc
40℃ ≤ BTS ≤ 50℃
Over Temp Fault
BTS ≥ 50℃
Fast Charge Voltage
Float Charge Voltage
Battery Low Alarm Voltage
Battery Low S.D Voltage
Default output voltage for Float and Absorption are at 25℃.
Reduce Float voltage follows Float voltage and Raised Absorption voltage follows Absorption voltage.
In a adjust mode temperature compensation does not apply.
Note: Specifications subject to change without notice.
Important: The battery charger control circuit operates from the battery voltage. If the battery voltage falls below 7 Volts,
the inverter/charger will not operate. The battery must first be recharged using a stand-alone charger to bring the
voltage up to a level where the inverter/charger can operate.
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