Rail-DALI-DMX - Artistic Licence

Rail-DALI-DMX - Artistic Licence
Artistic Licence
Rail-DALI-DMX
User Guide
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Version 1-5
Please read these instructions before using the product.
This product has been designed & manufactured for professional use only.
It should only be installed by a suitably qualified technician and in accordance with
electrical regulations in the country of use.
Unless directed in the instructions there are no user serviceable parts inside the
outer case of this product.
Always disconnect from the power supply when not in use.
Any specific IP rating, where appropriate, is given in the instructions. Unless otherwise stated this product is designed for indoor use only. If used outdoors it MUST be
installed in an appropriate IP rated cabinet. Do not allow this product to be exposed
to rain or moisture. Do not allow liquid to penetrate the product.
Please recycle all packaging.
Copyright © Artistic Licence Engineering Ltd. All rights reserved.
Download the user guide by scanning the following QR code:
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Page 2
Connections
Reference
Type
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
LED
LED
Connection
DIP Switch
Power Input
Power Input
Connection
DALI Received
Power
DMX Output
See below
GND Connection
9 - 24 VDC
DALI Connection
Dip Switch
1
2
3
4
5
6
Function
Not Used
Not Used
Number of virtual ballasts
(See Table 1)
Number of virtual ballasts
(See Table 1)
Dimming Curve
(OFF: No correction / ON:
Exponential correction)
Operation Mode
(OFF: Ballast / ON: Trigger)
Mounting Diagram
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Page 3
Background
DMX512 - Digital Multiplex
Rail-DALI-DMX converts DALI into DMX512.
It is designed for environments that require
integration between the two protocols.
DMX512, released in 1986, was created by
the entertainment industry to control 512
channels of lighting fixtures per cable at nearvideo rates. Since then DMX has been used
in the majority of effects lighting fixtures and,
due to its qualities in fading RGB devices, has
also migrated into architectural fixtures.
DALI - Digital Addressable
Lighting Interface
DALI was primarily designed for commercial
lighting to respond to the growing demands
of energy efficient lighting systems. It was
developed to provide two-way communication
between controller and ballasts.
The most common DALI device is a
fluorescent ballast. Compared to DMX512,
speed has been sacrificed in favour of
flexibility and ease of use.
Each DALI circuit must have a DALI Bus
PSU to provide the voltage on the line. An
example is the Artistic Licence Rail-PSU-D4.
There can be no more than 64 ballasts on a
single bus (this corresponds to one circuit).
Ballasts being used for the first time require
commissioning to give them a unique short
address. A tool such as the Artistic Licence
Dali-Scope can be used for this.
The DALI data packet comprises three
parts: Address (ballast(s) being signalled),
Command (what type of message is being
sent) and Data (the value associated with the
command). On any given circuit, DALI ballast
intensity can be controlled in four ways:
Broadcast, Individual Channel, Groups (up to
16) and Scenes (up to 16 per ballast).
For more information about DALI, please
refer to www.DALI-ag.org. A handy guide to
DALI for those more familiar with DMX can be
downloaded from www.ArtisticLicence.com.
Conventions
In this document, for clarity, we number DALI
ballasts 1-64, and Groups and Scenes 1-16.
On the wire, these actually appear as 0-63 and
0-15 respectively. Most DALI commissioning
tools use the latter numbering system.
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Overview
To understand the power of Rail-DALI-DMX,
consider the following illustrative example:
A cinema foyer contains an existing DALI
controller which is being used to control white
fluorescent overhead lighting. The customer
wishes to use it to control some new DMX
colour-changing lights that are being installed
in the foyer. Additionally, there is a media
wall on the outside of the building, which is
being run by a dedicated DMX controller.
The customer would like to be able to trigger
shows on the media wall from the DALI
controller located in the foyer.
Both of these tasks can be achieved by
using Rail-DALI-DMX in conjunction with
the existing controllers. The product has
two modes of operation, Ballast or Trigger.
Ballast mode would be used to control the
DMX colour-changing lights, while Trigger
mode would be used for the media wall. The
two modes are selected on the product using
DIP switch 6 (OFF for Ballast mode, ON for
Trigger mode).
Ballast Mode
Ballast mode is used when one wants to
control DMX fixtures using a DALI controller.
Figure 1 on the next page shows the data
flow in Ballast Mode.
Page 4
DMX RGB Fixtures
DALI
Controller
DALI
Rail-PSU-D4
Rail-DALI-DMX offers the user the option to
simulate 1, 4, 16 or 64 ballasts. The choice
is made via setting DIP switches 3 and 4 as
shown in Table 1. The DMX channels that are
not being used are set to zero.
DALI
DIP Switch
3
Off
Off
On
On
Rail-DALI-DMX
DMX
Figure 1: Ballast Mode Data Flow
Virtual Ballast Set-Up
In Ballast Mode, Rail-DALI-DMX simulates
virtual ballasts, each of which has control
over a single DMX channel. Figure 2 below
demonstrates this for 4 virtual ballasts. A
virtual ballast acts in the same manner as a
normal DALI ballast and responds to a sub-set
of the standard DALI commands (see DALI
Commands - Overview in the Appendix).
DIP Switch
4
Off
On
Off
On
Total no. of
Virtual Ballasts
1
4
16
64
Table 1
The product assigns each virtual ballast
a number that defines the output slot for
the DMX data as shown in Table 2. These
numbers are pre-programmed; however, the
system does allow editable short addresses,
as explained in the next section.
Virtual Ballast No.
DMX Data Slot
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
63
63
64
64
Figure 2: DALI-DMX conversion for 4
ballasts in Ballast mode
Table 2
DMX
Slot 1
DMX
Slot 2
DMX
Slot 3
DMX
Slot 4
Ballast
1
Ballast
2
Ballast
3
Ballast
4
DMX
DALI
Channel
Command
Group
Command
Channel
Command
Group
Command
Channel
Command
Group
Command
Channel
Command
Group
Command
Scene
Command
Broadcast
Command
Scene
Command
Broadcast
Command
Scene
Command
Broadcast
Command
Scene
Command
Broadcast
Command
Ballast Mode with 4 Ballasts
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Page 5
Commissioning
4. Broadcast
(all ballasts receive a
command to respond to a given value).
As with any DALI product, the Rail-DALIDMX must be commissioned (using a tool
such as Dali-Scope) to give each virtual
ballast a unique short address.
Rail-DALI-DMX supports all of these control
commands in Ballast Mode for 1, 4, 16 or 64
virtual ballasts.
The choice of short address depends on what
ballasts are already present on the network. If
no short addresses are taken up already, the
default course would be to assign sequential
short addresses starting at 1.
Dimming Curve
If the total number of virtual ballasts is changed
(using DIP switches 3 and 4 as shown in
Table 1), the commissioning procedure must
be carried out again.
If the product is not commissioned, it can
still control the DMX fixtures when receiving
DALI broadcast commands. This can be
useful during the installation phase prior to
commissioning to check for system response.
The majority of DMX devices operate using a
linear dimming curve with the level selected
by a decimal value between 0 and 255.
DALI works with a non-linear (exponential)
curve. As the graph shows, each method
produces a different output.
Ballast Power
100%
DMX
DALI
Fade Times
In Ballast Mode, Rail-DALI-DMX offers three
fade times of 0 (instant), 1 or 4 seconds.
Other input values of fade times are treated
as 0 (instant). Simulated fades only happen
when ‘Direct Arc Power’ commands and ‘Go
To Scene’ commands are used.
Fade times are selected on a ‘per virtual
ballast’ basis using a tool such as DaliScope. Fade times allow the virtual ballast to
perform a simulated fade when they receive
a commanded to adopt a new level. A onesecond fade executes using a fade ramp of
approximately 30 steps, while a four-second
fade uses a fade ramp of approximately
120 steps (note that this feature applies to
products with serial numbers above 0129).
Intensity Control
The DALI specification provides four ways of
controlling the ballast power:
1. Individual Channel level.
2. Group control (each virtual ballast can
be assigned to any of 16 groups, and
can also belong to more than one group).
3. Scene selection (each ballast can store
up to 16 scenes).
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
0
0
Control Value
255
Rail-DALI-DMX offers the user the ability to
adjust the response curve of the DMX output
in order to mimic that of DALI ballasts.
The choice is set using DIP switch 5. OFF
means no curve correction, while ON will
apply the exponential curve correction.
The correction affects all control modes
(Broadcast, Channel, Group and Scene). The
correction is, however, an approximation, and
due to the nature of the conversion the top
end is steppy.
Trigger Mode
Trigger Mode (set when DIP Switch 6 is ON) is
used to trigger a DMX controller, as explained
in the Overview section. It enables integration
between existing DALI installations and DMX
systems such as the media wall discussed in
the Overview example.
Figure 3 on the next page shows the data
flow in Trigger Mode. In this mode, Rail-DALIDMX is usually only connected to one device;
in the example of Figure 3, this a Multi-Play
unit (a show recorder and playback product
made by Artistic Licence).
Page 6
Virtual Ballast Set-Up
Trigger Mode also uses virtual ballasts but, in
contrast to Ballast Mode, they are not proxies
for actual fixtures. As such, the DALI control
commands Channel, Group and Scene lose
their literal meaning. Instead, they should be
viewed simply as data streams that enable
various triggering options.
DALI
Controller
DALI
Rail-PSU-D4
DALI
Multi-Play
The number of virtual ballasts can be set
to 1, 4, 16 or 64 using DIP switches 3 and
4 (see Table 1). Figure 4 below shows the
DALI-DMX conversion for 4 virtual ballasts in
Trigger mode.
Rail-DALI-DMX
DMX
Figure 3: Trigger Mode Data Flow
DMX
Slot 1
The virtual ballasts are pre-commissioned
to define this triggering structure. Appendix
Tables 3-6 detail the pre-programmed
relationship between the virtual ballasts and
the DMX output slots.
The Dimming Curve Translation (DIP Switch
5) is operative for Channels and Groups.
Again, it should be remembered that, in
trigger mode, there is no concept of this
describing actual fixture intensity levels.
...
DMX
Slot 4
DMX
Slot 5
...
DMX
Slot 20
DMX
Slot 21
...
Channel
4
Group
1
...
Group
16
Scenes
1-16
DMX
DALI
Channel
1
Trigger Mode with 4 Ballasts
Figure 4: DALI-DMX conversion for 4 ballasts in Trigger mode
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Page 7
Appendix
Trigger Mode Mapping Tables
Tables 3-6 detail the pre-programmed relationship between the virtual ballasts and the DMX
output slots in Trigger Mode. For all tables, the permitted DMX values for Channels and Groups
lie in the range 0-255. See Table 7 for the specific Scene selection values.
DALI I/P
Command
Channel
Group
Scene
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
DMX
O/P
Slot
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
DALI I/P
Command
Channel
Group
Table 3: Mapping for
1 virtual ballast
Scene
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
DMX
O/P
Slot
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Table 4: Mapping for
4 virtual ballasts
DALI I/P
Command
1
2
3
4
5
DMX
O/P
Slot
1
2
3
4
5
16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
Channel
Group
Scene
Table 5: Mapping for
16 virtual ballasts
DMX
Value
1
2
3
4
DALI
Scene
5
6
7
8
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
DMX
Value
5
6
7
8
Channel
Group
Scene
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
DMX
O/P
Slot
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
63
64
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
All
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
Table 6: Mapping for
64 virtual ballasts
Scene Selection Table
DALI
Scene
1
2
3
4
DALI I/P
Command
DALI
Scene
9
10
11
12
DMX
Value
9
10
11
12
DALI
Scene
13
14
15
16
DMX
Value
13
14
15
16
Table 7:
DMX values
corresponding
to individual
scene selection
Page 8
DALI Commands - Overview
Table 8: Supported DALI Commands in Ballast and Trigger modes. ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘G’ refer to
Broadcast, Channel and Group respectively.
DALI
Command
Type
Supported in
Ballast Mode?
Supported in
Trigger Mode?
999
Direct Arc Value
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Decrease value by 1/
Turn off
Turn on /
Increase by 1
Y
(B/C/G)
Y(
B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(B/C/G)
0
Off
1
Up
2
Down
3
Step Up
4
Step Down
5
Recall Max Level
Output Max Value
6
Recall Min Level
Output Min Value
7
Step Down and
Off
8
On and Step Up
16 - 31
Go to Scene x
Go to Scene
Command
Details
Send direct level
values
Send the off
command
Increase value by
1 until Max Level
Decrease value by 1
until Min Level
Increase value by
1 until Max Level
Decrease value by
1 until Min Level
Data
LED?
√
√
N
√
N
√
N
√
N
√
N
√
N
√
N
√
N
√
Y
(B/C/G)
Y
(see Tables 3-7)
√
Part supported:
Replies: 4 hex
only when unit
power is ON
x
144
Query:
Status
Query:
Status
Part supported:
Replies: 4 hex
only when unit
power is ON
145
Query:
Ballast
Query:
Ballast
Y
Y
x
Query:
Lamp Power On
Query:
Lamp Power On
Part supported:
Replies: FF hex
only when unit
power is ON
Part supported:
Replies: FF hex
only when unit
power is ON
x
Query:
Version Number
Query:
Device Type
Query:
Actual Level
Query:
Max Level
Query:
Min Level
Replies:
Current Version
Replies:
Device Type
Replies:
Current Value
Replies:
Max Value
Replies:
Min Value
Y
Y
x
N
N
x
Y
Y
x
Y
N
x
Y
N
x
147
151
153
160
161
162
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
Page 9
DALI
Command
163
164
Type
Details
Supported in
Ballast Mode?
Supported in
Trigger Mode?
Data
LED?
Query:
Power On Level
Query:
System Failure
Level
Replies:
Power On Level
Y
N
x
Y
Replies: FE hex
x
Replies:
Y
System Failure Level Replies: FE hex
165
Query:
Fade Time
Replies:
Fade Time
Y
Y
Replies “No Fade”
x
165
Query:
Fade Rate
Not implemented
Y
Replies “Not
applicable”
Y
Replies “Not
applicable”
x
Query:
Scene Levels
Query:
Groups 0 to 7
Query:
Groups 8 to 15
Replies:
Scene Levels
Replies:
Group Assignment
Replies:
Group Assignment
Y
N
x
Y
N
x
Y
N
x
176 - 191
192
193
Troubleshooting
No power light
1. Check that the DC power wires are connected to the correct
terminals and correct polarity.
2. Check power is switched on.
3. Disconnect all non-power cables. Switch off product and leave
DALI controller is not
‘seeing’ Rail-DALI-DMX
for 20 minutes (this allows the thermal fuse to reset). Switch
on. If power light illuminates, it is likely that an external fault or
wiring error is causing the problem.
1. Product not powered on.
2. No DALI bus PSU present.
DMX fixtures can only
be controlled by DALI
broadcast commands
The data light on
Rail-DALI-DMX is not
illuminated
1. The Rail-DALI-DMX has not been commissioned. Use a DALI
Scene and Group
commands not working
1. Scene and Group commands are handled differently in Trigger
tool such as DALI-Scope to achieve this.
1. Product not powered on.
2. No DALI bus PSU present.
3. DALI controller not connected.
Mode. Try switching to Ballast mode (set DIP switch 6 OFF).
2. Scenes and Groups have not yet been programmed.
DMX fixtures behaving
erratically
1. DMX cable not terminated at last fixture.
2. DMX cable is not suitable (must be data cable).
3. More than 32 DMX fixtures on the cable.
When I cycle power
to my DALI ballast,
it powers up at an
unexpected intensity
Rail-DALI-DMX User Guide
1. All DALI ballasts have a setting called ‘Power On Level’ which
defines their intensity after power cycle. The ballast will stay at
that intensity until Rail-DALI-DMX next refreshes it. Dali-Scope
can be used to both read and programme the Power On Level.
Page 10
When I cycle power
to my DALI bus power
supply, the ballasts
go to unexpected
intensities
1. All DALI ballasts have a setting called ‘System Failure Level’
which defines their intensity after a fault such as loss of DALI
bus power supply (see ‘Failure Mode’ below). The Ballast will
stay at that intensity until Rail-DALI-DMX next refreshes it.
Dali-Scope can be used to read the ballast’s System Failure
Level.
Failure Mode
If the DALI Bus power supply goes off, if it is not reinstated after 1 second then all the relevant
DMX outputs will flash at full intensity.
Rail-DALI-DMX Specification
Mechanical
DMX512 Ouput
yy Housing: DIN rail case
yy Output mode: ground referenced
yy Material: Lexan Plastic - UL94-V0 rated
yy Output ESD protection: 12 kV
yy Overall dimensions: 90 mm (H) x 88 mm
(W) x 58 mm (D)
yy Output voltage protection: +/- 80 V
yy Weight: 0.2 kg
yy Mounting: 35 mm DIN rail or surface
mount
yy Country of manufacture: UK
Environmental
yy Operating temperature: 0°C to 40°C
yy Storage temperature: -10°C to +50°C
yy Operating relative humidity (max): 80%
non-condensing
yy IP rating: IP20 indoor use only
yy Certification: CE, WEEE, RoHS
yy Warranty: 2-year (return to base)
Power & Electrical
yy Input voltage: 9-24 VDC
yy Input connector: (1) 2-pin screw terminal
yy Input power (max): 10 W
yy Duty cycle: 80% @ 25°C
yy DC fuse: internal resettable fuse for
control electronics
DALI Input
yy Input mode: optically isolated
Rail-DMX-DALI User Guide
Control
yy Input Protocols: DALI
yy Output Protocols: DMX512, DMX512
(1990), DMX512-A
Configuration
yy DIP Switch
yy DALI configuration commands
Data Connections
yy 3-pin Screw Terminal DMX Output (1 no.)
yy 2-pin Screw Terminal DALI Input (1 no.)
LED Indication
yy Power / DALI input
Package Contents
yy Rail-DALI-DMX
yy User guide
Ordering Info
yy Product code: Rail-DALI-DMX
Accessories (not included)
yy PSU-24-2-DR
yy Rail-PSU-D4
yy Dali-Scope
Page 11
CE Compliance
Rail-DALI-DMX is CE compliant when
installed in a shielded and earthed metal
case
Warranty
All products are covered from date of purchase
by a two-year return to base warranty.
By return to base, we mean that the customer
is responsible for all costs of transport to and
from Artistic Licence.
Returns will not be accepted without prior
authorisation. In order to discuss a request to
return goods, please email:
[email protected]
Compliance
All Products manufactured or sold by
Artistic Licence Engineering Ltd are fully
compliant with the appropriate CE and RoHS
regulations. Product specific information is
available on request.
Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment
(WEEE)
Artistic Licence is a member of a WEEE
compliance scheme and will happily recycle
any of our products that you, at your expense,
return to us.
Artistic Licence
Studio 1, Spectrum House
32-34 Gordon House Road
London
NW5 1LP
United Kingdom
Customer support and knowledge base:
www.ArtisticLicence.com/support.html
Telephone +44 (0) 20 8863 4515
Fax
+44 (0) 20 8426 0551
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.ArtisticLicence.com
Due to our policy of continuing product improvement
specifications are subject to change without notice
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