High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units

High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
VdS Guidelines for
Physical Security Devices
High Security Locks for
Secure Storage Units
Requirements and Test Methods
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
VdS
2396en
Publisher and publishing house: VdS Schadenverhütung GmbH
Amsterdamer Str. 172–174
50735 Köln, Germany
Phone: +49 221 77 66 0; Fax: +49 221 77 66 341
Copyright by VdS Schadenverhütung GmbH. All rights reserved.
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
VdS Guidelines for Physical Security Devices
High Security Locks for
Secure Storage Units
Requirements and Test Methods
These product guidelines are binding only if their application has been agreed between VdS and the applicant
on an individual basis. Otherwise, an application of these product guidelines is non-binding; an agreement on
the application of these product guidelines is purely optional. In individual cases, third parties may also accept
other safety precautions or installation or maintenance companies under conditions that are defined at their sole
discretion and that do not comply with these technical specifications.
Content
1
1.1
1.2
2
3
4
5
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
7
8
8.1
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.2
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.4.4
8.4.5
8.5
8.6
9
General .................................................................................................................... 4
Scope ....................................................................................................................... 4
Validity ...................................................................................................................... 4
Normative references............................................................................................. 4
Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 5
Classification .......................................................................................................... 5
Protection against environmental influences ..................................................... 5
Requirements ......................................................................................................... 6
Installation and operating manuals .......................................................................... 6
Marking ..................................................................................................................... 6
Bolt throw.................................................................................................................. 6
Redundancy ............................................................................................................. 6
Bolt strength ............................................................................................................. 6
Options .................................................................................................................... 7
Tests ........................................................................................................................ 7
Conditions ................................................................................................................ 7
Test samples ............................................................................................................ 7
Tolerances ................................................................................................................ 7
Test matrix ................................................................................................................ 7
Incoming inspection.................................................................................................. 9
Completeness .......................................................................................................... 9
Identity ...................................................................................................................... 9
Individual tests .......................................................................................................... 9
Installation and operating manuals .......................................................................... 9
Marking ..................................................................................................................... 9
Bolt throw.................................................................................................................. 9
Redundancy ............................................................................................................. 9
Bolt strength ............................................................................................................. 9
Options ................................................................................................................... 10
Other tests .............................................................................................................. 10
Changes ................................................................................................................ 10
3
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
1
General
1.1
Scope
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
These rules are valid in connection with the European standard EN 1300 : 2011-09 Secure Storage Units – Classification for high security locks according to their resistance
against unauthorised opening (EN 1300 : 2011-09 Wertbehältnisse – Klassifizierung von
Hochsicherheitsschlössern nach ihrem Widerstandswert gegen unbefugtes Öffnen),
which are installed in doors of secure storage units (safes and strongrooms). The rules
apply to mechanical and electronic locks which may have timing functions where appropriate e.g. for off-times.
The Guidelines for Alarm Systems, Software Controlled System Components, Requirements and Test Methods, VdS 2203 (VdS-Richtlinien für die Brandschutz- und Sicherungstechnik, Software, Anforderungen und Prüfmethoden), also apply for system components controlled by software.
Further to locks for the use as ancillary control equipment for intruder alarm systems (IAS)
and/or as blocking elements, the Guidelines for Intruder Alarm Systems, Ancillary Control
Equipment, VdS 2119 (VdS-Richtlinien für Einbruchmeldeanlagen, Schalteinrichtungen,
Anforderungen) apply in addition. For locks were hold-up alarms can be triggered, the
Guidelines for Intruder Alarm Systems, Hold-up Trigger Devices, VdS 2271 (VdS-Richtlinien
für Einbruchmeldeanlagen, Überfallmelder, Anforderungen) apply in addition.
1.2
Validity
These rules are valid from 01.07.2014; they replace the edition 2012-03 (3).
Note: This is a translation of the German guidelines; if there are any discrepancies, the
German version shall be binding.
2
Normative references
These rules contain dated and undated references to other publications. The normative
references are cited at the appropriate places in the clauses, the publications are listed
hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these
publications apply to these rules only when announced by a change of these rules. For
undated references the latest edition of the publication referred will be applied.
EN 61000-4-3 Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit (EMV) – Teil 4-3: Prüf- und Messverfahren – Prüfung der Störfestigkeit gegen hochfrequente elektromagnetische Felder
(topic: electromagnetic compatibility; test procedures and measurement processes)
EN 1300 : 2013-11 Wertbehältnisse, Klassifizierung von Hochsicherheitsschlössern nach
ihrem Widerstandswert gegen unbefugtes Öffnen
(topic: secure storage units – classification for high security locks according to their resistance to unauthorised opening)
VdS 2110 VdS-Richtlinien für Gefahrenmeldeanlagen, Schutz gegen Umwelteinflüsse,
Anforderungen und Prüfmethoden
(English version: VdS Guidelines for Alarm Systems, Protection against environmental
influences, Requirements and test methods, VdS 2110en)
VdS 2119 VdS-Richtlinien für Einbruchmeldeanlagen, Schalteinrichtungen, Anforderungen
(English version: Rules for Intruder alarm systems, Ancillary control equipment (ACE),
Requirements, VdS 2119en)
4
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
VdS 2203 VdS-Richtlinien für die Brandschutz- und Sicherungstechnik, Software, Anforderungen und Prüfmethoden
(English version: Rules for Fire Prevention and Security Technology, Software, Requirements and Test Methods, VdS 2203en)
VdS 2271 VdS-Richtlinien für Einbruchmeldeanlagen, Überfallmelder, Anforderungen
(English version: VdS Guidelines for Intruder Alarm Systems, Hold-up Triggering Devices, Requirements, VdS 2271en)
VdS 2344 Verfahren für die Prüfung Verfahren für die Prüfung, Anerkennung und Konformitätsbewertung von Geräten, Bauteilen und Systemen der Brandschutz- und Sicherungstechnik
(English version: Procedure for the testing, approval, certification and conformity assessment of products and systems for fire protection an dsecurity technologies, VdS 2344en)
3
Terms and definitions
For general terms and definitions refer to EN 1300. In addition the following definitions apply:
Bolt throw: Difference between the completely thrown and totally drawn back position of
the bolt.
Redundancy: Multiple given construction features of systems.
Here: Multiple given assemblies for increasing operational reliability.
4
Classification
Deviating from EN 1300, clause 4, high security locks in accordance to their performances are graded into the following classes:
Class regarding VdS 2396
1
2
3
4
Comparison to class of EN 1300
A
B
C
D
Table 4-1: Classification
Class 1 represents the lowest and class 4 the highest security level.
5
Protection against environmental influences
Deviating from EN 1300, testing of the resistance against radio frequency (room) (E2a) is
carried out according to EN 61000-4-3 according to VdS 2110 up to 2000 MHz.
5
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
6
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
Requirements
The requirements of EN 1300 are valid with the following deviations and/or additions.
6.1
Installation and operating manuals
For locks which are distributed in German-speaking areas installation and operation
manuals (written in German language) must be available that with regard to content meet
the requirements of EN 1300, appendix A. For manufacturers of secure storage units the
access to the installation manual shall be possible, e.g. in printed form or as a possibility
to download it. The operation manual has to be attached to each lock.
Alternatively, the responsibility of making the manuals available may be conferred to the
manufacturer of the secure storage units in which the locks are going to be used. In this
case the manufacturer of the secure stoarage units must be informed which information
at least shall be contained by the operation manual.
6.2
Marking
In addition to the information required in EN 1300, clause 10 high security locks shall be
provided with the VdS marking in accordance to VdS 2344. The VdS marking must include the approval number as well as the lock class, be permanently fixed and visible in
the built-in state of the lock without the necessity of disassembling the lock.
6.3
Bolt throw
In addition to EN 1300, the bolt throw must be 8 mm at least.
6.4
Redundancy
In addition to EN 1300, electronic high security locks may be designed in a way that one
failure or failing component does not degrade the locking function or the operational security.
In this case, all construction components which are not accessible from the outside but
necessary for opening the lock must be constructed redundant. The occurrence of one
failure must be recognised by the lock electronic and be indicated to the user in an adequate manner.
Note: It is intended, to design high security locks of class C and D redundant because
these locks are used predominantly with high grade strongroom doors at which an opening after a failing of the lock leads to high operating expenses.
6.5
Bolt strength
Additionally to EN 1300, the thrown bolt of the lock shall resist the following loads.
On locks were extended bolts shall be used for the blockade of a boltwork, the bolt shall
resist forces of at least 1 kN applied to the bolt sides in a 4 mm distance to the lock case
against the blocking directions. Further the bolt shall resist a force of at least 1 kN performed towards the locking direction. In this case, it shall not be possible to press back
the bolt for more than 2 mm.
If the permissible bolt strengths indicated by the manufacturer in the installation instruction exceed 1 kN, the bolt mechanism shall be able to resist the indicated strengths plus
a 20 % security addition.
6
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
7
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
Options
Options shall not negatively influence the required functions of high security locks. The
options and their performances shall be specified by the manufacturer.
8
Tests
8.1
Conditions
8.1.1
Test samples
For the technical tests in a laboratory at least five originally packed test samples from
series production with the relevant accessories shall be provided by the manufacturer
(four test samples, one proof model). Accessories which are not directly supplied but can
be used optionally with the lock, shall also be submitted for the examination. If a manual
test is required to determine the manipulation resistance, seven locks in total are required
(cf. test matrix in clause 8.2).
If the product is not yet manufactured in series, the examination can be carried out on
preproduction models. In this case, a revision is necessary for the final evaluation at
products from series production.
8.1.2
Tolerances
If not specified otherwise, the tolerance for strength, rotation speed and torque information is ± 5 %.
8.2
Test matrix
The individual tests are carried out in the order as defined in the following test matrix
(Table 8-1). If one sample fails ore becomes damaged during the tests it shall be decided
on an individual basis, where appropriate in agreement with the manufacturer (applicant
according to VdS 2344), whether and with which test the test program can be continued.
7
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
Requirements
Clause of
VdS 2396
resp. EN 1300
Tests
Clause of
VdS 2396
resp. EN 1300
EN 7
Test of documentation
EN 6 and
Annex A
Installation and operating manual
VdS 6.1
Test
Receiving controls
Completeness, documentation
Identity
Test sample
1
2
3
VdS 8.3.1 / 8.3.2
X
X
X
EN 8.1.2
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
4
1)
X
5
2)
6
2)
7
2)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
General tests
Manufacturers declaration
Marking
Design requirements
Construction
Manipulation resistance
(constructive measures)
Usable codes
Throw of the bolt
Spying
Redundancy
Remote opening/remote locking
EN Annex C
VdS 6.2
VdS 8.4.1/
EN Annex A
EN 8.1.2
VdS 8.4.2/ EN 10
EN 5.1 – 5.1.6
EN 8.1.2
X
EN 5.21 and 5.2.2
EN 8.2.1
X
VdS 6.3
EN 5.2.3 and
Annex B
EN 5.2.5
VdS 6.4
EN 5.1.7
VdS 8.4.3
X
EN Annex B
X
EN 8.2.4
VdS 8.4.4
EN 8.1.2
X
X
Electromagnetic influences
Securing after power failure
Failure of mains supply
Mains supply voltage variations
Static discharges
High frequency radiation
Induced high frequency
Conducted disturbances (burst)
Conducted disturbances (surge)
EN 5.2.6.1
EN 8.2.5.4
EN 5.2.6.2
EN 5.2.6.3
EN 5.2.6.3
EN 5.2.6.4
EN 5.2.6.5
EN 8.2.5.6
EN 8.2.5.9
EN 8.2.5.9
EN 8.2.5.7
EN 8.2.5.8
Physical influences
Cold
Dry heat
Corrosion
Immersion
Vibration
Shock
EN 5.2.8.1
EN 5.2.8.2
EN 5.2.7
EN 5.2.7
EN 5.2.7
EN 5.2.7
EN 8.2.7.1
EN 8.2.7.2
EN 8.2.6.4
EN 8.2.6.3
EN 8.2.6.1
EN 8.2.6.2
Reliability
Durability test
Dynamic code input
Code change
EN 5.3.1
EN 5.3.2
EN 5.3.3
EN 8.3.1
EN 8.3.3
EN 8.3.2
VdS 6.5
EN 5.1.3.5
VdS 8.4.5
EN 8.2.1.4
Strength
Bolt strength
Key strength
Resistance against unauthorised opening
Manipulation resistance
EN 5.2.3
(manual test)
Destructive attacks
EN 5.2.4
(manual test)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
EN 8.2.2
EN 8.2.3
X
Miscellaneous
Others
VdS 7
VdS 8.4.6
and 8.5
1) Sealed test sample
2) Sealed test sample, only required if a manual manipulation test is done.
Table 8-1: Test matrix
8
X
X
X
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
8.3
Incoming inspection
8.3.1
Completeness
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
It is tested whether the test samples are available complete, including the required documents and accessories.
8.3.2
Identity
It is tested by means of visual check and measurements whether the test samples correspond to the information of the manufacturer. The subsequent examinations will be started only if no deviations are found during identity test.
8.4
Individual tests
8.4.1
Installation and operating manuals
It is tested whether the installation and operating manuals are available in accordance
with the requirements (cf. clause 6.1) and whether the required references are included.
8.4.2
Marking
It is tested whether every lock is marked with the required information (cf. clause 6.2).
With multiple wiping with a moist cloth it is tested whether the marking does not become
unreadable or can be removed by simple scraping.
8.4.3
Bolt throw
By means of suitable measuring instruments (requirements cf. clause 6.3) is tested,
whether the bolt movement is at least 8 mm during locking while the bolt is loaded by
2.5 N against the locking direction.
8.4.4
Redundancy
On redundant locks it is tested (requirements cf. clause 6.4) if failures
or failing component do not degrade
the locking function or the operational security and if the user is informed regarding the occurance of
failures. Further it is tested if all
construction components not being
accessible from the outside but
necessary for opening the lock are
constructed redundantly.
8.4.5
F
F
F
F
Bolt strength
The test is carried out in a test rig of
steel following Figure 8-1 (requirements cf. clause 6.5). The lock is
mounted in accordance to the installation instructions.
Figure 8-1: Test rig
9
High Security Locks for Secure Storage Units
VdS 2396en : 2014-07 (04)
The edge of the testing stamp shall be approx. 1.5 mm broad and operates over the entire width of the bolt. The loading point of the burden during the test with lateral force is
located in a 4 mm distance to the case. The load directions result from the information of
the installation instruction. The bolt is to be extended completely before the test. The
burdening rise shall not exceed 100 N/s during the examination.
Load is increased to the maximum value (120 % of the manufacturer's specifications, of a
minimum of 1 kN), approx. 10 s held and taken back. The lock’s function is examined
after this. During the test with load against the locking direction, it is determined whether
the bar with maximal burden becomes pressed back not more than 2 mm.
8.5
Options
It is tested (requirements cf. clause 7), whether options do not negatively influence the
required functions of the high security locks.
Further, it is tested whether the features of options of the manufacturer were specified.
8.6
Other tests
As far as special designs or new manufacturing processes require this, additional tests
may be carried out in agreement with the manufacturer.
9
Changes
Compared with version VdS 2396en : 2013-03 (03) the following changes were made on
these guidelines:
10
Translation of the normative references althow the German versions are in use for
the testing procedure and while not for every document an English version is given
(clause 2).
Reference to the EN 1300 currently valid; herewith deletion of cross references on
the former prEN 1300 and deletion of the term remote opening/locking (clause 3).
Deletion of statements to remote opening/locking (former clause 6.6), due to these
are handled in the EN 1300 currently valid.
Modification of the test matrix (Table 8-1) to ensure an optimised test process.
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