Essentials of Fire Fighting, 6th Edition - Skill Sheet Chapter

Essentials of Fire Fighting, 6th Edition - Skill Sheet Chapter
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Chapter 10
Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication,
and Technical Rescue
10-II-1 Demonstrate the steps for inspecting,
servicing, and maintaining a portable generator
and lighting equipment.
10-II-2 Prevent horizontal movement of a vehicle
using wheel chocks.
10-II-3 Stabilize a vehicle using cribbing.
10-II-4 Stabilize a vehicle using lifting jacks.
10-II-5 Stabilize a vehicle using a system of ropes
and webbing.
10-II-6 Stabilize a side-resting vehicle using a
buttress tension system.
10-II-7 Remove a windshield in an older model
vehicle.
10-II-8 Remove a tempered glass side window.
10-II-9 Remove a roof from an upright vehicle.
10-II-10 Remove a roof from a vehicle on its side.
10-II-11 Displace the dashboard.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
91
10-II-1
Demonstrate the steps for inspecting, servicing, and
maintaining a portable generator and lighting equipment.
Step 1: Review the manufacturer’s service manual for
specific directions.
Step 2: Carefully inspect spark plugs for damage, visible
corrosion, carbon accumulation or cracks in the porcelain,
and ensure the spark plug wire is tight. Replace spark plug
if it is damaged or if service manual recommends.
Step 4: Check fuel level and refill as needed.
Step 3: Check carburetor and identify signs of fuel leaks.
Step 5: Check oil level and refill as needed.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-1
Demonstrate the steps for inspecting, servicing, and
maintaining a portable generator and lighting equipment.
Step 6: Start generator and run tests as required by
service manual.
Step 9: Clean work area and return all tools and equipment to the proper storage areas.
Step 10:Document maintenance on the appropriate forms
or records.
Step 7: Inspect all electrical cords for damaged insulation, exposed wiring, or missing or bent prongs.
Step 8: Test operation of lighting equipment by connecting each light to the generator one light at a time. Replace
lightbulbs as necessary, discard faulty bulbs in an approved
manner.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
93
10-II-2
Prevent horizontal movement of a vehicle using wheel chocks.
Step 1: Determine vehicle’s orientation and need for
stabilization.
Step 4: Place chocks on the downhill side of a vehicle on
an incline.
Step 2: Determine vehicle’s construction, condition, and
integrity.
Step 5: Place chocks on both sides of the tires if
the ground is level or the direction of the grade is
undetermined.
Step 6: Test and apply the parking brake before placing
chocks.
Step 7: Center chocks snugly and squarely against the
tread of each tire.
Step 3: Place chocks in front of and behind tires.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-3
Stabilize a vehicle using cribbing.
Step 1: Determine vehicle’s orientation and need for
stabilization.
Step 2: Determine vehicle’s construction, condition, and
integrity.
Step 3: Determine whether to use a four-point or sixpoint support.
Step 6: Position sufficient cribbing material at each support location.
Step 7: Construct a crib base appropriate for conditions.
Step 4: Identify support locations on the vehicle.
Step 5: Determine whether the ground under these support locations will support the vehicle’s/equipment’s weight.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
95
10-II-3
Stabilize a vehicle using cribbing.
Step 8: Add the next layer of cribbing allowing the ends
of the cribbing pieces to extend 3 or 4 inches (75 mm to
100 mm) beyond the individual pieces of the base.
Step 9: Add additional layers as needed, overlapping the
crib corners as described above.
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Step 10: Use wedges and shims to provide the maximum
amount of contact between the crib and the vehicle.
Step 11: Repeat the process until at least four cribs are
supporting the vehicle.
Step 12: Evaluate and maintain the integrity of the
cribbing.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-4
Stabilize a vehicle using lifting jacks.
Step 1: Determine vehicle’s orientation and need for
stabilization.
Step 2: Determine construction, condition, and integrity
of the vehicle.
Step 3: Determine whether to use a four-point or sixpoint support.
Step 4: Identify support locations on the vehicle.
Step 5: Determine whether the ground under these support locations will support the weight of the vehicle and
equipment.
Step 6: Ensure that the opposite side or end of the object
to be lifted is resting on cribbing.
Step 7: Select the lifting device to be used.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
97
10-II-4
Stabilize a vehicle using lifting jacks.
Step 8: Position the jack so it is directly beneath a solid
portion of the vehicle frame, yet can be operated without
rescuers needing to lie beneath the vehicle.
Step 10: Once the jack has reached its maximum travel
distance and sufficient cribbing is in place, lower the jack
until the vehicle is resting firmly on the cribbing.
Step 11: Retract the jack and add additional cribbing
beneath it to raise the vehicle further, if necessary.
Step 9: As the vehicle starts to lift, construct at least one
box crib or insert at least one step chock in the area of the
lifting.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-4
Stabilize a vehicle using lifting jacks.
Step 12: Evaluate and maintain the integrity of the
cribbing.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
99
10-II-5
Stabilize a vehicle using a system of ropes and webbing.
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Step 1: Determine vehicle’s orientation and need for
stabilization.
Step 6: Attach webbing, ropes, or chains to anchor
points on the vehicle.
Step 2: Determine vehicle’s construction, condition, and
integrity.
Step 7: Secure the webbing, ropes, or chains to anchor
points.
Step 3: Determine whether to use a four-point or sixpoint support.
Step 8: Remove slack from the webbing, ropes, or
chains.
Step 4: Identify support locations on the vehicle.
Step 5: Ensure that equipment is rated for the anticipated
load plus a safety factor.
Step 9: Evaluate and maintain the tension of the
stabilization equipment used.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-6
Stabilize a side-resting vehicle using a buttress tension system.
Step 1: Determine vehicle’s orientation and need for
stabilization.
Step 2: Determine construction, condition, and integrity
of the vehicle.
Step 4: Identify support locations on the vehicle.
Step 5: Determine whether the ground under these support locations will support the weight of the vehicle and
equipment.
Step 6: Manually stabilize and/or place wedges to control
vehicle while setting up buttress system.
Step 3: Determine whether to use a four-point or sixpoint support.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
101
10-II-6
Stabilize a side-resting vehicle using a buttress tension system.
Step 11: Once all stands are placed, tighten system up.
Check that straps and tip engagements are tight. Adjust if
necessary.
Step 7: Based on situation, location of patient, type and
condition of vehicle, and any obstructions, determine which
side of vehicle to place the single jack stand, and which side
to place the two adjustable stands if using a 3-point setup.
Step 8: With a minimum of two people, adjust and set
stands while maintaining situational awareness.
NOTE: Monitor equipment throughout the operation and
make adjustments as needed.
Step 9: Set stand(s) on least stable side of vehicle first,
then work on opposite side.
Step 10: Engage vehicle with tips as high as possible.
Attach base strapping as low as possible. Stands should
lean at an angle between 50 to 70 degrees.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-7
Remove a windshield in an older model vehicle.
Removing the Windshield Seal
Step 1: Cover patients with a blanket, tarp, or fire resistant
material to protect them from glass fragments.
Step 2: Identify the method to be used to remove the windshield based upon windshield type, windshield condition, and
equipment available.
Step 3: Place the blade of a commercial windshield removal
tool under the windshield seal.
Step 4: Hold and stabilize the seal removal tool with one hand,
place the other hand on the attached cable and handle and begin
to pull toward oneself, ensuring that the blade of the tool remains
against the windshield and under the seal at all times.
Step 5: Continue until the entire seal has been cut. Upon completion, remove the outer
portion of the seal from the windshield.
Step 6: Push the windshield outward from the interior of the vehicle. An alternative option of the removal is to place duct tape handles or suction cups onto the outer portion of
the windshield and remove.
Step 7: Upon removal of the windshield, position it away from the rescue scene to
ensure safety of personnel.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
103
10-II-7
Remove a windshield in an older model vehicle.
Cutting the Windshield
Step 1: Cover patients with a blanket, tarp, or fire resistant material to protect them
from glass fragments.
Step 2: Identify the method to be used to remove the windshield based upon windshield type, windshield condition, and equipment available.
Step 3: Saw operator cuts two slits in the glass to be removed using reciprocating
saw, handsaw, air chisel, or other tool.
NOTE: Ensure appropriate respiratory protection for responders and victims is used.
Step 5: Saw operator and other glass-removal team members position themselves on opposite sides of the window.
Step 4: Operator then cuts the lower portion of the window connecting each side cut near the bottom of window.
Step 6: Each team member grasps the glass near bottom
cut.
Step 7: Raise the glass moving bottom outward, using
care not to break the glass.
Step 8: Remove the glass, pulling down to dislodge from
frame and folding back over roof.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-7
Remove a windshield in an older model vehicle.
Step 9: Place the glass out of the way of operations per
local protocol.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
105
10-II-8
Remove a tempered glass side window.
Step 1: Select the tool that will be used to break the glass.
Step 2: Ensure patients are protected from glass
fragments.
Step 3: Place a center punch or other tool in the lower
corner of the window.
Step 4: Brace the hand holding the center punch with the
opposite hand to prevent the rescuer from pushing the hand
with the punch through the broken glass.
Step 5: Break the window with the punch or other tool.
Step 6: Clear the remaining glass from the window opening.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-9
Remove a roof from an upright vehicle.
Removing Glass Method
Step 1: Cut the first post at the furthest point from the
patient.
Step 2: Remove glass.
Step 3: Cut the B- and C-posts without cutting into seat
belt pretensioners located in the B-posts and any side air
bag inflation cylinders that might be located in the C-posts.
Assign personnel to support the roof while the posts are
being cut so the roof will not fall into the passenger compartment.
Step 4: Cut post closest to the patient last.
Step 5: Remove the roof.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
107
10-II-9
Remove a roof from an upright vehicle.
Cutting Across Roof Method
Step 1: Peel back the plastic interior finish and peek
inside looking for potential hazards, such as airbags, retractors before cutting.
Step 2: Cut the roof supports/door jams just behind the
windshield frame.
Step 4: Remove the rear window.
Step 5: Cut the B- and C-posts without cutting into seat
belt pretensioners located in the B-posts and any side air
bag inflation cylinders that might be located in the C-posts.
Assign personnel to support the roof while the posts are
being cut so the roof will not fall into the passenger compartment.
Step 6: Once all the posts have been cut, lift the roof
clear and set it aside.
Step 3: Continue the cut across the front of the roof
behind the windshield frame.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-9
Remove a roof from an upright vehicle.
Flapping the Roof Method
Step 1: Peel back the plastic interior finish and peek
inside looking for potential hazards, such as air bags and
retractors, before cutting.
Step 2: Cut seat belts and appropriate posts.
Step 4: Flapped roofs should be secured with ropes,
chains, straps, or other appropriate material.
Step 3: Use a pike pole or other long object to push the
sheet metal down at the bending point and to push the roof
up at the front.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
109
10-II-10
Remove a roof from a vehicle on its side.
Step 3: Push or pull the roof down to provide access to the
passenger compartment. Pad any rough edges.
Step 4: If desired, the roof can be removed entirely by cutting the remaining posts. Again, after the cuts are complete,
cover any rough edges.
Step 1: Peel back the plastic interior finish and peek inside
looking for potential hazards, such as air bags and retractors
before cutting.
CAUTION: Ensure that the vehicle is stabilized appropriately
and monitor stability throughout operation.
Step 5: Cut the B- and C-posts without cutting into seat belt
pretensioners located in the B-posts and any side air bag inflation cylinders that might be located in the C-posts. Assign personnel to support the roof while the posts are being cut so
the roof will not fall into the passenger compartment.
Step 6: Once all the posts have been cut, lift the roof clear
and set it aside.
Step 2: Cut the roof posts that are easily accessible and
lay the roof down in a manner similar to that used on upright
vehicles.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
10-II-11
Displace the dashboard.
NOTE: This skill is also known as rolling the dashboard.
Step 1: Remove the front door.
Step 2: Make relief cuts behind the strut mounts to eliminate
movement of the front end of the vehicle during this operation.
Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
111
10-II-11
Displace the dashboard.
Step 5: Cut the bottom portion of the A-post.
Step 3: Peel back the plastic interior finish and peek
inside looking for potential hazards such as air bags and
retractors before cutting.
Step 4: Cut the upper portion of the A-post.
Step 6: Position jacking or ram device between base of
the B-post and to an area just above the top hinge on the
A-post.
Step 7: Operate the jacking or ram device to move the
dashboard.
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Chapter 10 • Scene Lighting, Rescue Tools, Vehicle Extrication, and Technical Rescue
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