Operation Manual

Operation Manual
Operation Manual
W11/W12/W13 Series Wheel
Loader
1
FOREWORD
0B
W11,W12,W13 Series loader is one of FIRST AVENUE self-developed new less than
2ton multi-function mini-loaders, this loader is a ideal product for material loading and
unloading, short-distance transport, can be matched with many tools, can be realized more
kinds of uses, such as lifting, pulling, clamp hold, digging drill, ground, weeding, feeding
fodder, etc. It can widely used in farm, ranch, infrastructure, road construction, stations,
boatyard and other work places, this machine has the characteristics of the best economy,
safety, and driving comfort. And these good characteristics depend on you, loaders and
other operators to maintain, fully play during operating.
This manual covers all important knowledge of the starting use of the new loader, driving
and operation, care and maintenance for W11,W12,W13 series wheel loaders. Please follow
the instructions of the loaders, regular inspect and maintenance the working content
specified on the table, and use the provisions of the working media.
This manual can be used for W11, W12,W13 model.
For some special technical skills and knowledge about maintenance and repair,
because of needing to use special tools, be not mentioned in this statement, please
contact the FIRST AVENUE dealer.
Loader maintenance and repair work is only allowed to be done by qualified
professionals who are authorized by FIRST AVENUE.
In order to make your loader to obtain a valid warranty services, the maintenance must
be must be done on time by qualified professionals who is authorized by FIRST AVENUE.
2
CONTENT
SECTION 1: RECORD OF REVISIONS............................................................................
1
SECTION 2: GENERAL WARRANTY CONDITIONS..................................................
2
SECTION 3: GENERAL WARNING............................................................................. ..
5
SECTION 4: INFORMATION AND OPERATION…………………………………………….
8
A. MAIN CONFIGURATION.............................................................................
8
B. OPERATOR’S RESPONSIBILITY..............................................................................
11
C. MACHINERY RESPONSIBILITY..............................................................................
10
CHAPTER 1.......................................................................................................................
13
GENERAL INFORMATION & OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS..........................................
13
SECTION 1: MAIN COMPONENTS..............................................................................
14
A. ENGINE AND PUMP.....................................................................................................
14
B. CYCLOID MOTOR AND DRIVE AXLE..........................................................................
14
C. BRAKE SYSTEM...........................................................................................................
14
D. WHEEL AND TYRE.......................................................................................................
14
E. OIL TANK.......................................................................................................................
15
F. ELECTRIC SYSTEM......................................................................................................
15
G. QUICK REMOVAL DEVICE..........................................................................................
15
H.SEAT.......................................................................................................................
15
I. ATTACHMENT................................................................................................................
17
J. MULTI-FUCTION CONTROL HANDLE........................................................................
18
K. PARKING BRAKE.........................................................................................................
23
L. ATTACHMENT...............................................................................................................
24
M. DISPLAY PANEL...........................................................................................................
28
SECTION 2: OPERATING PROCEDURE........................................................................
31
SECTION 3: SPECIFICATIONS AND PERFORMANCES........................................
41
SECTION 4: TRANSPORT PROCEDURE...............................................................
48
3
SECTION 5: TRAILER PROCEDURE...............................................................................
49
SECTION 6: STORAGE PROCEDURE.....................................................................
50
CHAPTER 2.......................................................................................................................
51
MAINTENANCE PARTS....................................................................................................
52
SECTION1: SERVICE................................................................................................
54
A. Preparation for Use........................................................................................
54
B. REGULAR MAINTENANCE TABLE..............................................................................
55
C. OIL&LUBRICATING OIL................................................................................................
67
SECTION2: CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE..............................................................
68
A. ENEGY OF MOTION REDUCTION..............................................................................
68
B. DRIVE AXLE...........................................................................................................
69
C. BRAKE SYSTEM...................................................................................................
70
D. GENERATOR...............................................................................................................
71
ANNEX 1:HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM....................................................................................
72
ANNEX 2:ELECTRIC DIAGRAM........................................................................................
75
ANNEX 3:FRAME LABLE DIAGRAM.................................................................................
77
ANNEX 4:DAILY EQUIPMENT INSPECTION.................................................................
78
4
SECTION1:RECORD OF REVISIONS
Continuing improvement and advancement of product design may cause changes to the
model group which may not be included in this publication.
Each publication is reviewed and revised, as required, to update and include the
changes in later additions.
We reserves the right to modify or make changes within a specific model group without
notice and without incurring any liability to retrofit tractors previously shipped from the factory.
Contact your First Avenue Industry dealer for maintenance that is not covered in this
publication.
ISSUE DATE
UPDATE MUMBER
DISASSEMBLY
INSERTED
5
DESCRIPTION OF CHANGE
SECTION2:GENERAL WARRANTY CONDITIONS
This document presents the warranty conditions offered to any customer for all the
pieces of equipments manufactured in the First Avenue Industry facilities and sold to him
through the authorized Sales and Service network.
The general warranty conditions hereunder described do govern the relationship
between final customer of a First Avenue Industry product, hereunder called “the buyer” and
First Avenue Industry factory, called “the manufacturer“.
The fact that the buyer places an order of a First Avenue Industry product means that
he has read the present policy and does accept its provision. Any other general or particular
provision, that differs from or contradicts one of the general or particular conditions described
hereafter which may appear in any document from the buyer and especially in its general
purchasing conditions, cannot be used against the manufacturer unless accepted by First
Avenue Industry in a written agreement.
ARTICLE 1:
First Avenue Industry warrants that each new item of equipment is of good workmanship
and is free from mechanical defects provided that:
1) The product is installed and operated in accordance with printed First Avenue Industry
Equipment’s instructions.
2) The product is used under normal operating conditions, for which it is designed,
3) The product is not subject to misuse, negligence or accident,
4) The product receives proper care, lubrication, protection and maintenance under the
supervision of trained personnel,
5) The product is normally protected from exterior aggressions whatever their origin.
ARTICLE 2:
This warranty expires, unless otherwise agreed by First Avenue Industry in a special
provision, 15 months after shipment by the manufacturer, or 12 months after being placed in
service, or after 1000 operating hours.
6
ARTICLE 3:
The First Avenue Industry Warranty is strictly limited to the replacement of defective
parts and if the repair does justify it, to the assistance of a technician. Parts shipping
expenses, traveling and housing expenses of personnel are to be paid by customer.
ARTICLE 4:
The First Avenue Industry
Warranty does not apply to fluids, oils, fuses, bulbs,
accumulators, paint, seals, tires, bumpers, pads and other consumables or normally wearing
type items unless found to be defective prior to use.
ARTICLE 5:
All warranty claims from the Buyer must be sent by written to Seller who will be in
charge of dealing with the Manufacturer to address the problem in a timely manner.
ARTICLE 6:
All the expenses related to a warranty claim will be invoiced to the buyer until First
Avenue Industry employees have evaluated the claim. Whatever the circumstances, the
buyer should not refuse or delay the payment. If the evaluation concludes to First Avenue
Industry ’ s full responsibility, a credit memo will be issued in favor of the buyer.
Under no circumstance other than those accepted by First Avenue Industry , the buyer
of the defective parts at the manufacturer address can accept without a formal letter from the
buyer and without the effective return no warranty claim.
ARTICLE 7:
This warranty is extended by First Avenue Industry only to the buyer of new products
from First Avenue Industry or of its authorized distributors. The products purchased under
this warranty are intended for use exclusively by the buyer and his employees and by no
other person. Therefore, there shall be no third party beneficiary of this warranty.
7
ARTICLE 8:
This warranty does only apply to the primeval reason. In other words, the
consequences on the product linked to its use after first problem are not covered by this
warranty.
ARTICLE 9:
Under no circumstances whatever shall First Avenue Industry and the seller be liable
for any special or consequential damages, whether based on lost goodwill, lost resale profits,
work stoppage, impairment of other goods or otherwise, and whether arising out of breach of
any express or implied warranty, breach of contract, negligence or otherwise, except only in
the case of personal injury as may be required by applicable law
ARTICLE 10:
The warranty is automatically void in the following cases:
1) The product has received some modification, not advised by First Avenue Industry
or not done following First Avenue Industry requirements
2) Some original parts have been replaced by parts not provided by First Avenue
Industry .
ARTICLE 11:
This warranty and all undertaking of First Avenue Industry shall be governed by the
laws of manufacturer’s country and discussed in front of nearest court from the
manufacturer’s facility even in case of multiple of defenders.
8
SECTION3 GENERAL WARNING
FOREWORD
This instruction manual is intended for all users of the machine: the company manager, the
Department Head, the driver, as well as the whole personnel who works with or near to the equipment
GENERAL WARNING:
1.Before using the machine, go through this manual and comply with all its instructions
2. Also carefully read the instructions that appear on the plates fixed onto the machine and keep
them readable
3. Keep this instruction manual at the disposal of all operators
4. Make sure that any person to whom you entrust the machine is qualified to fulfill the safety
requirements linked to its use
5. Avoid unsupervised interventions on your equipment when not being used
6. Never use a machine which does not looks to be in good condition
7. Never apply a load or a stress exceeding the maximum operating load of the machine
8. Never use the machine for an operation it is not designed to perform
9. Become thoroughly familiar with the safety regulations applicable to the machine and enforce
them scrupulously
10.The manufacturer declines his responsibility for the consequences of a disassembly of the
machine or any modification made without his supervision
OBLIGATION TO GO THROUGH THE USER’S MANUAL
The company manager is compelled to make the operators fully acquainted with the
regulations of the instruction manual.
Read this entire chapter BEFORE attempting to operate this loader
The company manager is responsible for the enforcement of the applicable “user’s
regulation”
The user must imperatively read and assimilate this instruction manual in order to
be able to comply with it during start- up and use
The instruction manual must be kept during the life- span the machine, including in
the event of a resale, of a change of user or manager
The instruction manual is not a training manual but it specifies, when required, if a
training is necessary.
9
GENERAL INSTRUCTION
The company manager must make sure that the machine is delivered with the
instruction manual and the certificate of conformity for the member states of the
European Community
* The location of the instruction manual is specified on the dispatch note when
leaving the factory
The certificate of conformity is placed with the dispatch note
Only trained and qualified operators with appropriate driving license and accredited
by the company manager may operate the vehicle within the scope of the use for which it
has been designed
The loader may only be used in accordance with the conditions established by the
manufacturer in this instruction manual and declines the manufacturer his responsibly.
Any use that does not comply with the regulations of this instruction manual might cause
risks of injury to people, property and the environment
The manufacturer’s responsibility is limited to the assembly configuration of the
equipment as described in the certificate of conformity. Before each use, the driver
should check that the machine is in good condition
The certificate of conformity is placed with the dispatch note
MACHINE NORMAL USING DOMAIN
W11/W12,W13 LOADER – THE ALLOWED MAXIMAL LOAD AND THE
GENERAL USING CONDITIONS ARE INCLUED IN THIS DOCUMENTATION
PROHIBIT THE USE OF LOADERS TO LOAD ANYTHING OTHER THAN THE SCOPE
THE ADAPT TEMPERATURE RANGE OF THIS LOADER IS - 30℃-45℃
MAKE IN THESE CIRCONSTANCES CAN’T BE HELD TO RESPONSIBLILITY OF FIRST
AVENUE INDUSTRY .
MODIFICATION OF THE LOADER
The manufacturer is not responsible in case of any modification, addition or combination with
equipment from another origin.
The manufacturer declines any responsibility for consequences resulting from changes in the
characteristics or modifications made without his written consent, and concerning either the mechanical,
electrical, hydraulic part or the mechanically welded structure.
If the client wants a modification to be made, he must imperatively consult the manufacturer.
For your safety and in order to benefit from the total guarantee of the manufacturer, you must only
use guaranteed genuine spare parts.
10
NOTE
Safety is more than quality design and construction. It also requires proper operation and
maintenance practices.
Every component is specifically designed and carefully built by First Avenue Industry to produce the
safest equipment available
Your responsibility is operating safely.
Good understanding of the instructions mentioned below will enable operators to use the loader in
safe
SAFETY INFORMATION
This manual provides important information to familiarize you with safe operating and
maintenance procedures for First Avenue Industry loader.
Even though you may be familiar with similar equipment, you must read and understand this manual
before operating this loader.
Safety is everyone's business and must be one of your primary concerns.
Knowing the guidelines covered in this manual will help provide for your safety, for the safety of
those around you, and for the machine's proper operation
Safety is a very important aspect which affects the life of your loader. Before you operate, maintain
or in any other way, use this loader, READ and STUDY this manual, KNOW how to safely use the
loader's controls and what you must do for safe maintenance. If you have ANY QUESTION about the
safe use or maintenance of this tractor ASK YOU SUPERVISOR -NEVER GUESS - ALWAYS CHECK!
REMEMBER that a careful driver not only protects himself, but also other people with whom he
works; at the same time, he avoids dangers which could damage the loader and the goods.
11
SECTION 4: INFORMATION AND OPERATION
A. STANDARD CONFIGURATION
The following features are standard equipment on the Loader series:
1.
Diesel engine
2.
Hydrostatic traveling drive system
3.
Power steering
4.
Recessed multi-function rear lights
5.
Mechanically operated parking brake
6.
Lighted transmission shift control
7.
Multi-function hydraulic control joystick
8.
Fast change and lock attachment system
9.
Adjustable absorbing seat with belt
10. Eight linkage lifting system
11. Anti-skid floor
12. Combined head lights
13. Roll cage with shade cover
14. Turn signals with hazard warning
15. Working lights
16. Combination meter
17. Adjustable steering wheel
18. Double-ball hinge system
B.OPERATOR RESPONSIBILITIES
This chapter must be read and thoroughly understood prior to operating or performing
any maintenance on this equipment.
WARNING:
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THE FOLLOWING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS CAN
RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH AS WELL AS EQUIPMENT
DAMAGE.
1. Always follow the global safety rules applicable in your field.
2. Before using this loader, always check for proper operation and condition of the lights,
brakes, steering, transmission shifter, park brake and tires.
3. Do not operate a loader with defective features; refer to the maintenance section of
the Operation and Service Manual.
12
4. Always wear suitable footwear when operating this equipment and avoid loose fitting
clothing that might get caught in moving parts.
5. Before starting this loader, should wear seat belts, and confirm the lock had been
fastened.
6. Always bring the unit to a complete stop, place the transmission in neutral, and set
the park brake before quit the unit.
7. Always bring the unit to a complete stop before shifting from forward to reverse or
from reverse to forward.
8. Always check the path clear prior to backing.
9. When loading the speed should be reduced to 5KM / H
10. Lift the bucket up to the transport position (about 20cm from the ground )
11. In crowded areas and when close to the Blind corners and a row of car ,be more
careful. be vigilant to other equipment and personnel .
12. Do not operate when the speed does not meet the operational conditions. Always
limit a good speed in order to ensure sufficient time for emergency braking.
13. Do not allow to use loaders to transport hazardous materials.
14. Do not allow to carry person by this loader.
15. The loader does not allow to drive on the soft road if do not know very clearly about
the road condition.
16. Before operating this loader, the roll cage must be raised, and make sure the pin in
the locking position.
17. In addition to the dragging outside hook, any form of traction is not allowed in
loaders.
18. Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot, otherwise, can cause severe
burns. Allow to remove the radiator cap after cooling.
19. Do not try to touch the just being run or down engine exhaust pipe and muffler,
otherwise it will cause serious burns.
20. After open the engine back cover, do not try to start the engine, if must start, take
care the hurt from the fan to hand.
21. Never refuel the unit while the engine is running.
22. When injecting the fuel, it can stop when the refueling gun automatic cut off, don’t
inject too much. When refueling, no smoking, don’t storage or use the fuel at fire place.
23. Do not check the engine oil while the engine is running.
24. Do not use the battery in this unit to start other vehicles.
13

Before starting this loader, should wear seat belts, and confirm the lock had been
fastened.

The maximum ear noise measured value of this loader is 88dB, for your good
health, pls wear personal protective equipment (such like the earplug isolated the
noise) when controlling the machine, to reduce the hurt of the machine noise to
your body.


Always exercise good common sense, stay alert and be aware of what is
happening around the loader all times.
When a vehicle roll or roll-over, the loader roll cage can protect driver’s safety
completely, do not jump. At this point your hands should get hold of the steering
wheel; feet clamp the mounting bracket under the Orientation column.

The damaged roll cage can’t be reused after repair, unless get the written
authorization or approval from First Avenue Industry.

The rated capacity of this manual mentioned is based on the machine located in
the solid level ground, when operating on non-standard ground (such as the soft,
uneven ground, or on slopes), should consider fully about those factors impact on
the load capacity.
C.MECHANICAL RESPONSIBILITIES
This chapter must be read and thoroughly understood prior to performing any
maintenance on this equipment.
WARNING: FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THE FOLLOWING SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH AS WELL AS
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE.
1. Always follow the Station Safety Rules. If a written list of safety rules is not posted at
the station, obtain one prior to operating this loader.
2. Always review the Operator Responsibilities Section prior to operating this equipment.
3. Always keep hands and feet away from rotating parts and tires. Wear secured
clothing.
4. Always wear suitable footwear when operating or servicing this equipment. Avoid
wearing loose-fitting clothing that might get caught in moving parts.
5.
Always stop the engine when adjusting fan and alternator belts.
6. Always keep hands clear of the cooling fan.
14
7. Do not remove radiator cap when the engine is hot, as serious burns may result.
Allow the radiator to cool before removing the cap.
8. Do not run the engine long time in the closed room.
9. Do not start the engine in the easy explosion environment.
10. Do not check the engine oil while the engine is running.
11. Always disconnect the battery positive cable when working on the engine or under
the hood.
12. if electrolyte is spilled, always wash hands or clothing immediately.
13. Do not touch the engine, exhaust or hydraulic components when they are hot as
serious burns may result.
14. Do not smoke near the battery. Fumes from charging electrolyte are explosive.
Always keep the battery away from sparks, flame and smoking materials.
15. Always remove metal bracelets, watch bands, etc. prior to installing, removing or
servicing the battery.
16. Do not short circuit the battery terminals.
17. When connecting the battery, the positive terminal must always be connected first
prevent sparks from accidental grounding.
18. Do not substitute the throttle return springs with lighter or other springs.
19. Check all lights.
20. Check the horn operation.
21. Check the neutral start only switch for proper adjustment and operation.
22. Check tire and wheel condition along with proper inflation pressures. Unless beads
are seated when mounting tires, over-inflation can result in explosion.
23. Torque all lug nuts to 130 ft-lbs. Check again the torque after 5 hours of operation.
24. Always use proper lifting equipment safely when removing or replacing heavy
components.
25. When working underneath the loader, be sure it is supported properly on secure jack
stands. Do not rely on hydraulic jacks to support the loader.
26. If the loader is on a hydraulic or air operated lift, always be sure the safety support or
lock is in position prior to working under the loader.
27. Always use a proper transmission jack, and secure the transmission when removing
or replacing it.
28. Always jack the drive wheels off the floor when troubleshooting the drive system.
29. Never refuel the unit when the engine is running.
30. Do not smoke while refueling.
31. Do not store, spill or use fuel near an open flame.
15
32. Do not use the battery in this unit to start other vehicles.
33. Do not attempt to install or adjust control cables with the engine running.
34. Always replace a control cable which exhibits any gradual or sudden increase in noload friction or resistance or decrease in usable stroke, or which have moisture inside
or have been frozen.
35. Do not use heat to attempt to dry or thaw a control cable.
36. Do not remove the seals from a control cable or attempt to lubricate it. Any control
cable which exhibits possible lubrication problems should be replaced.
37. Do not attempt to repair or modify a control cable. Any damaged control cable should
be replaced immediately.
38. Always avoid exposing control cables to fuels, oils, chemicals, paint, water or dirt as
damage may result.
39. Always adjust each control cable so that the utilized stroke of the cable is centered
within the cable’s available stroke.
40. Always deflate a tire and wheel assembly prior to removing it for servicing or
dismounting.
41. Do not use wheels or wheel components that are cracked, bent pitted or corroded.
Insure that all wheel components are of the same type and size, and that wheel size
and tire size match. Inspect all components carefully prior to use.
42. Do not attempt to seat a tire by using explosive substance.
43. Do not hammer, pry or weld on or near an inflated or partially inflated wheel and tire
assembly.
44. Do not rework, weld, heat or braze any wheel parts for any reason.
45. Always use a safety cage and a clip-on air chuck with a remote valve and pressure
gauge when inflating a tire. Insure the tire and wheel assembly is properly assembled
prior to inflating it. Visually inspect it for proper seating of beads or sides or lock rings
prior to removing it from the cage.
46. Do not add air to a tire that has been in service with less than 80% pressure without
first fully deflating, removing, disassembling and inspecting the tire assembly for
damage.
47. Overhead guard is the main part to prevent objects falling and protect the safety of
operator. it will be very dangerous ,may lead to serious accident, if loose assembly,
remove and remake.
16
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION &
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
17
SECTION 1: MAIN COMPONENTS
The LOADER is a four-wheel drive mini-loader. It contains:
o 3 or 4-cylinder diesel engine,
o Hydrostatic travel drive system,
o Multi-function operating handle,
o 12 Volt electrical system.

A. ENGINE AND PUMP
The loader is powered with industrial engines, with four stroke cycle and direct injection.
The engines are certified by the manufacturer to meet the more advanced emissions
standards.
W11/W12,W13 Series loader has an automatically variable piston pump.

B. MOTOR AND DRIVE AXLE
The front and back drive axle for W11 are drive by two hydraulic motor cycloids, and
drive axle contains differential, reduction gears and axles.
The back drive axle for W12/W13 is supplying power to front drive axle through piston
motor driving to transmission axle.
The Front and rear axle of W13 wheel loader have the function of hub reduction, which
can make sure the good power transfer. It also have function of Differential lock,which
can make machines work well in bad working conditions.

C.BRAKING SYSTEM
Hydrostatic drive can serve as a driving brake, and be installed on the input of the drive
axle as a parking brake.

D.WHEELS AND TIRES
Four bolts are used to fix the tires on the drive wheel. The LOADER tires are pneumatic
type which gives a smooth ride combined with maximum drawbar pull. Remember to
check the pressure of your pneumatic tires regularly. Uneven tire pressure will not only
increase tire wear, but will also decrease tractive performance.
The size for W11 tire is 26x12-12AS, rated pressure is 300kpa;
The size for W11 tire is7.00-12AS,rated pressure is 360kpa
The size for W12 tire is 10-16.5NHS,rated pressure is 520kpa;
18
The size for W12 tire is 31x15.5-15AS, rated pressure is 480kpa;
The size for W13 tire is11.5/80-15.3AS, rated pressure is 520kpa;

E.FUEL CELL
The fuel cell is integrated in the front frame, and it is equipped with a filler cap and a fuel
gauge.

F.ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The tractor uses a 12 Volt, automotive type, negative ground, electrical system. The
system includes a 60/70 A.h battery, ignition switch, two headlights, amber flashing light,
turn signals, taillight, horn, various gauges and other circuits.

G. QUICK REMOVAL DEVICE
The demolition equipment of the tool is controlled by a Joint Multi-way valve, which can
realize a quick assembly and disassembly.

H.SEAT
Seats of the loader with seat belts can be adjusted forward and backward. The class of
seat is EM8.As an option the loader can be fitted with a comfortable suspended seat.
1. Adjusting the driver's seat
The standard driver's seat can be adjusted to the driver's height and weight.
Warning!
Only adjust the driver's seat when the loader is at a standstill. The engine should be
switched off!
1.1 Driver's seat
1.1.1 Armrests
The armrests can be folded up if required and the height
individually adjusted.
To adjust the armrests for height, separate the round cap
(see arrow) from the cover, loosen the hexagon nut (size 13 mm)
behind it. Adjust the armrests to the desired position (5-steps) and
tighten the nut again (25 Nm). Replace the cap onto the nut.
19
Warning!
If the belt roller is fitted, do not install the armrest in the lowest position as otherwise the
belt roller might not function correctly!
Carry out a functional test of the belt roller!
1.1.2 Backrest extension
The backrest extension can be individually adjusted for
height by pulling it upwards over the various increments up
to the end stop.
To remove the backrest extension, pull it over the end
stop.
1.2 Standard seat
(W13)
1.2.1 Weight setting
The seat should be adjusted for the drivers weight by turning the weight adjustment
lever
(1) with the driver sitting on the seat.
The driver’s weight is adjusted correctly when the
adjusted height position of the height adjustment
handle (at the bottom of the handle) (2) is displayed in
the viewing window. The middle position of the spring
travel of the respective height adjustment is displayed.
To prevent damage to the health and material, the
setting for the driver's weight must be checked and
adjusted individually before the vehicle is driven!
1.2.2 Height adjustment
The height adjustment can be set to three settings
(I, II, III).
The respective height must be set with the driver
sitting on the seat. Turn the handle for seat height
adjustment to move the seat upwards or downwards.
The seat position displayed at the bottom of the
handle for seat height adjustment has been set.
I the lowest height position
II the middle height position
III the upper height position
1.2.3 Linear adjustment
The linear adjustment is released by lifting the locking lever.
20
Warning!
Risk of accident!
• Do not operate the locking lever while driving!
• After the adjustment, the locking lever must latch into the desired position with an audible
click. It should not be possible to move the driver seat into another position when it is locked!
• Do not lift the locking lever with your leg or calf!
1.2.4 Fore/ aft isolator *
The fore/ aft isolator improves the absorption of shock impacts (e.g. when driving at high
speed, in rough terrain or with a trailer attached) in the driving direction by the driver’s seat.
The cushioning effect can be activated or deactivated with the help of the locking lever.
1 = fore/ aft isolator OFF
2 = fore/ aft isolator ON
2 Safety belt
The driver's seat is fitted with a safety belt (lap belt).
Warning!
• Always wear safety belts during work!
• Do not carry persons!

I.MULTI-FUNCTIONAL CONTROL HANDLE
The control handle is on the right of the driver's position. As a standard, the switches on
the device can control the gears on the loader, there are three gears: forward, neutral, back
21
and reset button. Handle can even control two-way multi-channel valve, to make raise and tilt
movements can be separated or join together

J.CAB
1 .Cab door
The cab doors are to be kept locked during
use. If required, the door can be opened a crack.
To do this, the lever shown in the illustration is to
be folded outwards and lock in place, in the door
lock
On opening, the cab doors automatically lock
into the door lock. Release this lock to close the door.
Press
the button
Pull the lock
Attention!
• Lock the cab door after finishing work as well as on leaving the loader for longer
periods, in order to prevent unauthorised of the machine!
• Always lock the doors in all positions! Open doors represent a danger as they swing
open or closed!
22
2. Rear window
Swing both handles around at the same time, to open the rear window.
Push the both handles at the same time, to open the rear window.
Pull the both handles at the same time, to close the rear window.
3. Heater
The cab is equipped with an infinitely variable heater. The
adjustment lever can be found to the right of the driver's seat. The
switch for the ventilation fan must be switched on.
The cab is equipped with an infinitely variable heater. To heat,
left switch must be set at least to "1"!
Switch “a”: Fan levels
Switch "b": Temperature adjustment
Air-condition
The air conditioning system is switched on with left switch.
The switch for the ventilation fan must be switched on.
23
Attention!
• The air conditioning should be turned on once per month to ensure its operation!
4. Interior light (W13)
On
Off
5 Storage bins
• A storage net is found on the behand of the driver's seat for the operating instructions
Warning!
• Always keep these operating instructions in this place to have them immediately
available to hand if needed.
6 Battery isolating switch
This switch is be used to disconnect the entire electrical system from the battery. If the
machine is switched off for a longer period of time, e.g. over night, the connection to the
battery should be interrupted using the battery isolating switch. In this ways the unintentionally discharging of the battery can be prevented.
Push the lever down and turn to switch on!
24
Switched on
Switched off
The lever can be removed when switched off. This provides additional protection from
theft.
When the lever is removed the switch must be covered by the protective cap. This
prevents moisture from penetrating into the switch. Lever removed
7.Warning buzzer
A warning buzzer is located on the rear of the steering column. It sounds when the
engine is overheated. The engine must then be shut off immediately! If the engine is not shut
off immediately, this may damage the engine or other parts of the machine!
8. Emergency exit
You should only climb onto and off the vehicle on the left-hand side of the vehicle,
otherwise there is a risk of unintentional operation of the swing arm. The right-hand side of
the vehicle is only intended to be used as an emergency exit.
The emergency exit is marked by the stickers fixed alongside it.
To open the door, pull the small lever on the underside of the lock towards you. This
unlocks the lock.
25
9.Adjusting the steering column
The steering column can be adjusted in a longitudinal
direction.
To adjust the steering column loosen the lever at the
left. The steering column can now be tilted in a longitudinal
direction. Lock the steering column in the correct position
with the lever.
Warning!
Only adjust the steering column when the loader is at a standstill!
10.PARKING BRAKE LEVER
The parking brake lever is connected by a rod to the park brake drum mounted on the
drive axle. (W11 is with foot parking brake, mounted under the dashboard)
The park brake is used for parking or holding the loader on grades and should always
be set for parking and released before driving. The brakes are engaged as the lever is pulled
toward the operator. Push the lever away from the operator (down) to release the brake.
For wheel loaders with two six-way valve, change-over button on the joystick can also
realize electromagnetic change of attachment
oil-way. Parking brake of W11 is installed to
the left of the driver. It can be realized while
the brake pedal is pushed down by the foot
after stopping
The mechanical auxiliary and parking
brake is located on the power divider of the
front axle. The brake is on the front axle of
loaders with an optional driving speed of up
to 25 km/h and the models W12/W13. This
brake is designed as a multiple disk brake.
The brakes are actuated hydraulically during
travel.
When the inch pedal is pressed, the brake piston is engaged via the brake
26
cylinder. As a parking brake (hand brake) the brake is operated mechanically via a pull cable.
A The parking brake is released in position "A". Move to position "B" to apply the brake. The
parking brake can be adjusted with the cable. The driving pump does not operate when the
parking brake is applied! The loader cannot be moved! B
Warning!
If the parking brake is used as an auxiliary brake in emergencies the lever
should be pulled up very carefully so that the brake cable does not tear!

K.PEDALS
The accelerator pedal on the right of the driver is connected to the engine via a cable,
which can control the engine speed, so as to control the speed of the loader.
The foot brake pedal on the left of the driver is connected to the Pump, which can
control the oil supply, so as to control the speed of the loader.
The throttle pedal is used to move the loader. The axial piston pump is swung out
according to the diesel engine speed and the driving speed thus automatically adjusted to
the loader's load (automotive drive). The more the throttle is opened, the faster the loader
goes.
The automatic system is deactivated when the inch pedal is pressed. The further the
pedal is pressed, the further back the axial piston pump is swivelled. Thus, the force can be
diverted from the travelling gear to the working hydraulics at high diesel engine speeds or the
loader can brake.
When the pedal is fully depressed the axial piston pump is swivelled back to 0 and the
multiple disk brake actuated. The loader is braked and comes to a stop.
Warning!
Never brake sharply with a raised load or in corners!
The loader could topple over!
27

L.ATTACHMENT
We offer the different kinds of Attachments with different functions
1.1 Bucket
It can be used for spading, unloading the bulk materials and working in short distance.
We offer the different size bucket to load &unload different density materials more efficiently.
1.2 Forks
It can be used for spading, unloading the large-block materials and working in short
distance. We offer the different size bucket to load &unload different size materials more
efficiently.
1.3 Grass Grab
It can be used for load & unload the Grass or Hay.
28
1.4 Snow shovel
It can be used for clean the snow on the road and ground when it snows in the winter.
1.5 Soil auger
It can be used for drilling hole on the ground.
1.6 Sweeper
It can be used for sweeping and cleaning the ground.
29
1.7 Bale gripper
It can be used for Griping and transport Goods
1.8 Two-in-one bucket
It can be used for spading and transporting goods; and also can use for sorting out
different Diameter materials.
1.9 Bale forks
It can be used for Clamping and transporting the bale more efficiently.
30
1.10 Bale clamp
It can be used for clamping and transporting the low density package more efficiently.
31

M.INSTRUMENT PANEL
The control layout is designed to combine maximum driving comfort with maximum
efficiency.

IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE OPERATOR BECOMES ACCUSTOMED TO BOTH
THE LOCATION AND OPERATION OF THE CONTROLS, BEFORE
ATTEMPTING
TO DRIVE THE loader FOR SAFE OPERATION.

The root mean square value of machine vibration acceleration to the arm is lower
than 2.5m/s2
The root mean square value of machine vibration acceleration to the body is lower
than 0.5m/s2
Switches
Ignition Switch
●
Waterproof loader ignition switch, including
the anti-re-start function.
Horn control switch
●
Installed in the back of the instrument panel
Working lamp Switch
●
Installed in the back of the instrument panel
Warning lamp switch
●
Installed in the back of the instrument panel
Quick hitch switch(W13)
●
Installed in the back of the instrument panel
Turn light switch
●
Installed in the left of the instrument panel
Automatic light switch
●
Installed in the left of the instrument panel
Clearance light switch
●
Installed in the left of the instrument panel
Preheat indicator light
●
Instructs when the engine is warm
Parking brake lamp
●
Show if the parking brake brings
Low battery capacity light
●
Show when the battery level is low
Turn signal / warning lights
●
Show when the turn signal / warning lights
are light
Low oil pressure light
●
Show when the engine pressure is low
High-temperature light
●
Show when the coolant temperature is above
115 ℃
Diff-lock light
●
Show when press the diff-lock switch
Hydraulic oil blocking light(W13)
●
Show when hydraulic oil blocking(W13)
light
32
Indicator
Fuel Level Indicator
●
Read the status of the remaining fuel
Engine timer
●
The engine coolant temperature
indicator
●
Read the cumulative time when the vehicle is
running
Measure the temperature of the engine
cooling system
1—Hourmeter
2—Backward indication light
3—Fuel meter
4—Turning right/spare(W13)
5—Parking brake lamp
6—Preheat indicator light
7—High temp, water alert light
8—Battery charging, voltmeter
9—Low-oil pressure light
10—Turning left/Hydraulic oil
blocking
11—Temperature meter
12—Forward indication light
33
13-High&low speed indication
14-Seat switch indication light
15-Diff-lock light
Turn light switch
Automatic light
switch
Clearance light
switch
Warning lamp
switch
Horn switch
Working lamp
switch
Quick hitch
switch
Front wiper
switch
Front washer switch
34
Diff -lock switch
SECTION 2: OPERATING PROCEDURE
Read this entire chapter BEFORE attempting to operate this loader
-No unauthorized person may drive this loader
-Be familiar with the controls and their functions before you start the loader
-Inspect your machine by doing a pre-operational inspection
-Observe the limits on weight of the loads to be towed and unloaded weight of the loader
- Maintain the loader in accordance with the instructions of the manufacturer
-Have any broken or missing parts, correct or replace before use
-Verify that all maintenance has been performed
-Verify that all the instruction and safety labels are in a place and readable
These are as important as any other equipment on the loader
Before putting the loader into service, the following items must be checked and executed
BEFORE DRIVING
●
At each team work beginning, check condition of the battery, pneumatic and bandages of trails
and be sure that tire pressures are correct .Be sure that all driving parts are in good working
condition and fill all the fluid levels if necessary .Advise immediately all defects and use a
defective trail before it is not repaired Verify the brakes of trails
●
Set parking brake
●
Walk around and inspect the loader for damage or missing equipment
Check for :
- Pressure and the good state of the pneumatic tires
- Look for cuts, cracks in side walls, foreign objects in treads
- Look for loose wheel nuts
- Damage to lights
- Fire extinguishers fully loaded and in place (if have)
●
Look underneath loader for leaks of coolant, hydraulic fluid, transmission fluid, or lubricating
oil. If leaks are detected, repair as soon as possible
●
Check engine oil level
●
Check engine coolant level. Add coolant as necessary, but do not overfill. Make a visual check
for leaks
●
Check hydraulic system reservoir by removing filler cap to ensure there is enough fluid for
operation
A very low fluid level indicates a serious leak in the system. Repair as soon as possible
35
●
Inspect engine compartment for loose hardware, loose wires, and leaking lines or fittings
●
When all mechanical checks are completed, check the operation of the stop and tail lights, and
dash panel lights
●
Check fuel level gauge to make sure tank is full
●
Make sure the roll cage arise and fasten.
●
Check that the driving seat whether damaged (change the seat if damaged), adjusted to your
requirements
●
Check that all controls are in working order
WARNING: DO NOT LOOSEN OR REMOVE RADIATOR CAP WHILE COOLANT IS HOT,
HOT COOLANT UNDER PRESSURE CAN CAUSE SEVERE BURNS
Fuel contamination due to moisture condensing on the inner surfaces of fuel tank can be
minimized or eliminated by keeping the fuel tank as full as possible. The fuel tank should
always be filled up at the end of the day's operation (as part of the post- operation
maintenance routine)
DRIVING INSTRUCTION
●
●
Place shift lever in park.
Adjust the driver seat and steering wheel to the comfortable location, fasten the seat belt.
●
Make sure parking brake is set.
●
Verify that nobody and nothing is ahead of you BEFORE starting any motion of the wheel
loader.
●
Turn ignition switch and engage starter.
●
Press the micro-pedal (left pedal).
●
Release the parking brake.
●
Move the transmission shift lever into the required position, Forward or Reverse. Press a
garden-type reset button on the handle
●
Proposal on the drivers' own facility with the empty wheel loader.
●
Loose micro-pedal and gently press the accelerator pedal, further press the accelerator until
the required speed is obtained. Micro-loader pedal can control the movement of small.
●
To slow the wheel loader, slowly release the accelerator pedal and press the micro-pedal.
For an emergency stop, release the accelerator pedal and press micro-pedal. Release the
accelerator pedal slowly or quickly, wheel loader can be controlled flat or sharp braking. Press
the micro-pedal when emergency brakes.
●
Each time you park, apply the hand brake, turn the starter switch to the((the model W11 is
with the foot parking brake)).OFF. position and return the transmission shift lever to park.
36

Press the micro-pedal (left pedal) when emergency brakes .
WARNING: THE MAXIMUM DURATION OF CONTROL FOR AN OPERATOR
SHOULD NOT EXCEED 6H PER DAY
WARNING: MATCH DRIVING SPEEDS TO LOADS BEING TOWED AND WEATHER
CONDITIONS. SLOW DOWN WHEN TOWING HEAVY LOADS AND WHEN ROAD
SURFACE IS WET OR ICY, ESPECIALLY ON GRADES.
WARNING: WHEN LOADING THE GOODS , THE SPEED SHOULD BE LOWERED TO
5KM/H AND THE BUCKET SHOULD BE RAISED TO THE TRANSPORTATIONAL
POSITION(ABOUT 20CM FROM THE GROUND)
WARNING: IN THE COURSE OF RAMPING ON THE ROAD (UPHILL),FOR THE
TEMPORARY PARKING ,Drivers are not allowed to leave the driver's seat and change gear
switch ,right foot should press the micro-pedal gently to remove any slipping phenomenons
due to technical reasons, At the same time pull up hand brake.
Downhill FOR THE TEMPORARY PARKING, Drivers are not allowed to leave the driver's seat
and switch to a reverse gear shift,right foot should press the micro-pedal gently and park
slowly, At the same time pull up hand brake
WARNING: PARKING ON THE RAMP IS NOT ALLOWED. IF NECESSARY THE CAR
SHOULD BE PARKED ON A SLOPE (DUE TO BREAKDOWNS).WE MUST PULL HAND
BRAKES AND PAD THE WEDGE UNDER WHEELS OF THE LOADER.
WARNING: MAKE SURE THE ROLL CAGE ARISES AND FIXED BEFORE DRIVING, IT
CAN’T PROTECT THE DRIVER IF THE ROLL CAGE DON’T ARISE OR FIXED INSECURE.
LOADING INSTRUCTION
●
Lift devices and attachments (bucket is standard) are only used for a specified purpose.
Ensure the wheel loader is secure and is within the rated drawbar pull of the loader(See the
●
specification on page 25).
●
Ensure the rapid removal device in a locked position before filling.
●
When driving with a set, the speed should be reduced to 5KM / H
●
When driving with a set, the bucket should be raised to the transformational position (about
20cm from the ground).
●
When driving on the ramp, goods shall be towards the uphill direction. Driving or U-turn
ramping on the horizontal should be avoided.
37
●
When the view is obstructed, we should work together with the Wizard.
●
When uninstalling, raise the skip to an appropriate height, as carefully as you can accurately
to drive the wheel loader to the truck or the place for goods storage ;Carefully control the
master control lever, uninstall, reset; Confirming that the skip and the truck (shelf) is
completely separated, the loader moves slowly back to leave the shelf.
●
Ensure that the width of the road is not wider than that of the road.
●
When reaching the parking spot, shift it into neutral position, raise the parking brake, and turn
off the ignition switch.

SAFE AND EFFICIENT LOADING, DEPENDS ENTIRELY ON THE OPERATOR.IF YOU
ARE AN EXPERIENCED DRIVER, THE FOLLOWING RULES WILL REFRESH YOUR
MEMORY.IF YOU ARE A STUDENT, THEY WILL HELP YOU TO BECOME A
PROFESSIONAL DRIVER.
WARNING: ONLY QUALIFIED AND LICENSED DRIVERS ALLOWED TO DRIVE.
WARNING: BEFORE STARTING LOADING, PLEASE MAKE SURE THE CYLINDER OF THE
QUICK REMOVAL DEVICE IN THE LOCKING POSITION,SET THE LOCKING TOOLS, AND
CUT THE TWO-WAY BALL VALVE OFF
WARNING: WHEN DRIVING ON THE RAMP (FORWARD OR BACKWORD), GOODS
SHALL BE TOWARDS THE UPHILL DIRECTION. DRIVING OR U-TURN RAMPING ON THE
HORIZONTAL SHOULD BE AVOIDED.
WARNING: WHEN THE GOODS ARE IN A LIFTING STATE, DO NOT LEAVE THE LOADER.
WARNING: WHEN THE GOODS ARE IN A LIFTING STATE, THE LOADER CAN NOT TURN
AROUND AND CAN NOT RUN AT HIGH SPEED.
38
Multi-way valve focus controlling lifting devices and tools :
Locking tools - push the back of a small handle to the right.
Releasing tools - push the back of a small handle to the left. and press the quick hitch
switch(W13)
Quick hitch
switch
Small
handle
Skips forward – push the master-control lever to the right.
Skips backward – push the master-control lever to the left.
Lifting skips – push the master-control lever to the back.
Lowering skips – push the master-control lever to the front.
Machine optional two position six-way valve
Skips forward – push the master-control lever to the right.
Skips backward – push the master-control lever to the left.
Tools working - push the master-control lever to the left/right, and press tools switch on the
master-control lever
Tools switch
Master-control lever
39
Changing attachment:
1) Push the small multi-valve handle to left side, and press quick hitch switch in the back of
the instrument pane ,indent the lock level;
2) Down the attachment, forward to the appropriate location;
3) Hang the hook;
4) Lift and backward the attachment;
5) Push the small multi-valve handle to right side, reach out the lock level, insert the
assemble hole under attachment;
6) Turn two triplex valves handle to 90°, cut the lock cylinder pipe system.
Remove the attachment:
The step is reversing as changing attachment step.
WARNING: LIFTING DEVICES AND TOOLS ARE ONLY USED FOR A SPECIFIED
PURPOSE.DRIVERS MUST COMPLY WITH THE "CORRECT AND USE THE LIFTING
DEVICES AND TOOLS".DO NOT ENTER OR REACH INTO THE SPACE BETWEEN THE
ARM AND THE FRAME.
WARNING: BEFORE THE OPERATION OF HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS, CHECK IF THE
FUNCTIONS OF THE VARIOUS HYDRAULIC JOYSTICKS ARE CORRECT.
WARNING: NOTE THAT THE SIGN OF THE OPERATION MARKED WITH THE DIRECTION
OF THE ARROW SYMBOLS.
WARNING: BEFORE DISASSEMBLE THE PIPE OF ATTACHMENT, SHOULD RELEASE
THE REST PRESSURE OF THIS PIPE, THEN DISASSEMBLE THE QUICK CHANGE
CONNECTOR,. THE DETAILED METHOD OF RELEASE REST PRESSURE IS: SWING
THE FIRST VALVE HANDLE (SMALL HANDLE) OF MULTI-VALVE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDE
SEVERAL TIMES
WARNING: EVEN IF THE ENGINE FLAMEOUT CAN ALSO LOWER THE LIFTING DEVICES
AND TOOLS.
WARNING: IF THE TOOL IS NOT DELIVERED TOGETHER WITH THE LOADER, IT CAN
BE ONLY USED AFTER THE AUTHORITARIAN OF STABILITY AND LOAD CAPACITY BY
THE DEALER OF FIRST AVENUE INDUSTRY .
40
General preventive measures
- Do not operate any levers or pedals if anyone is in any position to be hurt by the
machine's movement.
- Pay extra attention when working in narrow congested areas or in case of blindtravel.
- Always look around in all directions BEFORE changing your direction of travel.
- Always follow all safety rules or each particular site during operation.
- Maintain a running speed which is compatible with the load and the ground
conditions.
- Slow down when approaching corners
- Observe pedestrians carefully and do not follow the vehicle in front too closely.
- Do not brake sharply and only select neutral once the loader has effectively
stopped.
- Maintain a safe distance from the edge of loading wharf.
- When turning, pay close attention to the trajectory of the skips.
- Make sure that bridges and ramps are able to withstand the weight of the loader
and the load being towed.
- Before climbing or descending from vehicles (trucks, trails etc), ensure that the
adequate precautions are been taken to avoid all movements including the
dumping.
- Stop, look at and listen when arriving to a rail way then to cross it in diagonal,
slowly and only to the authorized points.
- Always park at more than 2,5m of the rails.
- Hold the wheel steering in hand during the operation.
- When loading a larger load, more space for the overtaking of parked vehicles,
objects or pedestrians should be predicted.
- Never overtake another vehicle on crossroad or on bifurcations or when something
affects the visibility for you.
- Never drive in elevators, truck or other until you have received the order and you
are sure that they can stand the combined weight of loader and the load.
- Doesn't brake roughly.
- pay attention to the driving speed and be careful to the pedestrians approaching
and other vehicles and to the passage heights.
- Slow down on wet, irregular grounds and in the turning.
- Remove all objects in your way.
41
- On the crossroad, in the passages and the corridors, slow down and horn and
drive on the right side of the road.
- Be careful to the pedestrians which can appear suddenly in the way.
- If your trip involves crossing road bridge, ensure they are secure and are strong
enough to withstand the combined weight of the loader and load.
- When approaching the destination, reduce the speed to ensure a smoothly slow
stop in the far enough distance. A sudden halt could cause the load displacement.
- Do not impede the fire fighting equipment from use before parking or depositing
the equipment of loading.
- Report any mechanical or electrical irregularities immediately.
- Always be alert; Watch out for pedestrians and never drive too close to the
vehicles in front.
- Travel at a speed consistent with load and road conditions.
- Never operate the loader with any part of your body outside of the operator's
compartment.
- DO NOT leave the driver's cab with the loader running.
- ALWAYS properly shut down the loader before leaving the loader.
- ALWAYS park the loader on solid, level ground.
On severe slopes
- ALWAYS park the loader perpendicular to the steepest slope to prevent accidental
movement.
- Use proper flags, warning marks or barriers when parking in areas of traffic.
- Do not park your vehicle in the access points where obstruct the fire brigade.
- During parking, use the parking brake and put the key on the STOP position.
- If the tractor must leave with nobody watching it, remove the ignition key.
- Never park your vehicle on a slope.
- If it is necessary to park tractor on a slope (break down etc), use the wedge under
the wheels of loader.
WARNING:
IF PROBLEMS OR EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS OCCURRS WHILE
OPERATING THE LOADER, IT MUST BE PROPERLY TO SHUT DOWN AND CORRECT THE
PROBLEM.
CONTINUING TO USE MALFUNCTIONING EQUIPMENT CAN NOT ONLY BE UNSAFE FOR
THE OPERATOR AND OTHER PERSONNEL, BUT CAN LEAD TO FURTHER DAMAGE TO THE
LOADER AS WELL.
WARNING:
IN CASE OF AN ACCIDENT, REPORT TO YOUR SUPERIOR IMMEDIATELY. NEVER
NEGLECT AN INJURY EVEN IF IT APPEARS INSIGNIFICANT, GO IMMEDIATELY TO THE
DOCTOR, WHICH COULD AVOID COMPLICATIONS.
42
AREA
CAUSES OF
FAILURE
RISK
SAFETY STEPS
WHAT CAN HAPPEN IF
PRECAUTIONS AND SAFEGUARDS
ARE NOT OBEYED
A moving tractor can run over or crush
body parts between tractor and other
object and cause irreparable injury or
death.
Personnel injuries may happen if parts
DRIVING STATION of the body or members (hands, legs,
ect) are outside of the driver's cab.
UNDERNEATH
Unit lifted for service could fall and
DURING SERVICE injure or kill personnel around.
ENTIRE MACHINE
ENGINE
BATTERIES
HOW TO PREVENT THE FAILURE
Keep away all people from around
tractor and always switch off the engine
before leaving the driver's cab.
Keep head, arms, hands, legs and feet
inside the operator's compartment all the
time.
If loader must be lifted for service, it
must be securely blocked so that all 4
(four) wheels may safely turn.
DURING SERVICE :
The engine must be turned off.
If procedures require the engine to be
running during service, care must be
Hot (engines) will cause severe burns
to avoid touching the moving
And cause serious injuries if persons are taken
objects.
struck by moving parts or caught in belts. The battery should be disconnected if
possible to avoid having the engine
accidentally started. Care should be
taken to avoid the hot surfaces.
Batteries produce flammable gasses
that could be ignited causing burns and
explosions .Batteries contain strong acid
substances that may cause severe burns
if spilled or splashed on body parts or in
the eyes. A contact with batteries plug or
all electric parts without protection (or
when the protection has been removed)
can cause an electric chock.
Batteries should be well ventilated
before using particularly when welding is
required near the batteries.
Protective clothing, gloves and eyewear
must be worn when working on batteries
Avoid to remove the plastic protection,
and avoid to touch electric parts where
current can be.
When a vehicle rolls or rolls over, do not At this point your hands should hold the
ROLLING OR
jump off the tram, as the loader is steering wheel, and feet hold the
ROLLING-OVER OF installed with a safety roll cage, which mounting brackets under the direction of
VEHICLE
TYRE
may lead the driver's death.
column.
Welding near the tyre may damage the If welding has to be done on the wheel
tyre or lead the lead an explosion and or near the wheel, remove the tyre first.
bring damages or dangers for people.
To avoid in a crowded area when after-sales service、clean、or test machines as long
as possible.
To avoid loaders’ accidental movement, put some wedge blocks under tires when
provide services and maintenance vehicles.
Always stop the engine when working after the wheels.
Don’t try to repair the machine by yourself if you haven’t been approved by FIRST
AVENUE INDUSTRY .
Don’t carry out any maintenance works in no reference maintenance manuals and
driving under the condition of attention.
FIRST AVENUE INDUSTRY is not responsible in case of any modification, addition or
combination with equipment from another origin, which maybe cause danger.
43
Don’t change the structure and performance of vehicle when FIRST AVENUE
INDUSTRY is not informed.
Electrical equipment
Don’t change the electronic or hydraulic settings, because the factory has been set. To
prevent short circuit when working in the electrical system disconnection with battery;
similarly, it also can to prevent un-expected start-up when the engine is working.
Ensure storage area of battery well ventilated (remove the smoke), fumes from charging
electrolyte are explosive. Always keep the battery away from sparks, flame and smoking
materials.
Don’t check the battery near the open fire, especially in the battery charging.
Don’t smoke in the area of battery charging.
Welding
Before any welding operations of loader, the specific operation as follows:
Disconnect the battery.
Disconnect the electric control system and electrical equipment.
The earth wire clip in the welding place.
44
Section 3: Specifications and Performance
Technical Data
Model
W11K26
W11K33
W12K36
W13K50
V1505-E3B
V2403-E3B
Engine data
Manufacturer
Kubota
Engine type
D1105-E3B
D1105-T-E3B
Cylinder
Max.power(kw)
3
4
24.5kw/3000rm
p
18.5kw/3000rmp
Cooling
26.5kw/300
0rmp
36.5kw/2600
rmp
Water
Electrical system
To weld as close as
the earth wire
possible. Operating
voltage(V)
12V
Battery(Ah)
Generator(A)
Weights
Self weight
(standard)
Rated loads in bucket
(0.2m³bucket)
(KG)
Max.lifting force (daN)
60Ah
72Ah
40A
60A
40A
1700
2280
3300
400
600
1000
1100
1750
2780
W13
1200
2000
550
800
1500
0-12
0-16
(Double
speed 011/0-24)
Double
speed 0-8/025
26
55
60
40
36
80
Tipping loads in
bucket(ISO8313)
Lifting frame
horizontal /machine
straight(KG)
Lifting frame
horizontal /machine
articulated(KG)
Vehicle data
Driving speed (km/h)
Capacity of fuel tank
(L)
Hydraulic oil(L)
45
Hydraulic system
Hydraulic driving
Output (l/min)
Working pressure
(bar)
84
102
88.4
300
380
380
32
45
52
180
180
185
Hydraulic operation
Output (l/min)
Working
pressure(bar)
Dimension
Dimension(mm)
A
B
Bar width
Ground
clearance
standard
heighten
830
830
1048
1048
174
174
250
270
C
Track width
803
803
795
870
D
Total width
1110
1110
1080
1160
3440
3440
3728
4010
2556
2900
3100
3220
2238
2596
2775
2257
1694
2066
2110
482
613
484
566
183
170
200
124
430
550
590
658
I
Total working
height
Max. height of
bucket pivot
Overhead
loading height
Max dumping
height
Operating
distance for M
J
Digging depth
E
F
G
H
K
Axle centre up to
bucket hinge pin
L
Wheelbase
1370
1370
1600
1860
M
Rear overhang
960
960
1094
1247
2840
2960
3440
3870
3650
3780
4360
4855
1128
1128
1165
1249
2210
2210
2225
2255
48°
49°
45°
45°
43°
45°
N
O
Q
R
S
T
Total length
without bucket
Total length with
bucket
Seat height
Height to top of
FOPS bar
Rollback angle
at Max.lifting
height
Max. dumping
angle
46
U
Backroll angle on
the ground
48°
50°
46°
v
Departure angle
25°
25°
27°
45°
45°
45°
2530
2590
3085
3510
2220
2220
2597
2975
1110
1110
1450
1598
W
Turning angle
Max. turning
radius
Radius at the
Y
outer edge
Inside turning
Z
radius
Tyre size
Width of tyre
X
27×8.50-15
970
26×12-12 AS
1110
10-16.6NHS
1080
31×15.5-15AS
1320
11.5/80-15.3
1340
47
The max. capacity of fork with load centre 400mm
W11K26/K33
S
860kg
T
800kg
U
600kg
V
480kg
W12 capacity of fork with load centre 400mm (machine straight,tipping load):
W12K36
S
1500kg
T
1420kg
U
1120kg
V
900kg
W13 capacity of fork with load centre 400mm (machine straight,tipping load):
W13K5
0
S
2938kg
T
2510kg
U
2119kg
V
1508kg
48
49
50
51
SECTION 4: SHIPPING PROCEDURE
WARNING: EXTREME HAZARD EXISTS WHEN REFUELING AND DEFUELING THE LOADER - NO SMOKING, NO OPEN FLAMES, NO ELECTRICAL
DEVICES.
LIFTING
Using a reliable cable to lift the loader on the label location which marked lifting.
( See Annex 3)
BATTERY
Disconnect battery terminals from battery plugs.
Leave battery in battery box.
RADIATOR
Drain engine coolant from radiator and engine block.
FUEL TANK
Drain fuel from fuel tank into appropriate container.
Disconnect fuel line at lowest readily accessible connection and drain fuel from fuel
line.
Reconnect fuel lines.
Leave fuel cap on tank, but loosened.
CHECKS
Make certain fuel line is connected.
Make certain shut-off valve on radiator is closed.
Make certain fuel cell drain valve is closed.
FIXATION
With the locking plate lock the front and rear frame
Using the sturdy rope package on the loader banding point, be careful not to damage
the paint surface (See Annex 3)
Using the wood block to stop moving of the front and rear tyre.
52
SECTION 5: TRAILER PROCEDURE
When the loader needs help, just only allow dragging short-distance, but should
according to the following step before drag the loader:
Warning: This dragged loader has been unable to implement the brake and
steering, the tractor should have sufficient traction, in order to pull and control the
loaders without braking system. Only allow to use the rigid parts (draw bar) to
connect with trailer.
Trailer Steps
-Place the skids (wedge) after the slip edge at the wheel.
-Lower the goods until the cargo compartment does not hit the ground while working.
-Removing the goods and attachments.
-Starting the tractor.
-Using the rigid drawbar to connect the tractor (with adequate traction and braking force) with
the traction pin which located on the counterweight back side of the loader.
Release hand brake
Open the manual bypass valve on the plunger pump
After traction
-Use the wedge to wedge the wheel slip.
-Tighten hand brake
Restore the braking force
-Tighten the manual bypass valve
- Install a the seat mounting plate
After repairing, check the brake function.

The focus point of the machine salvage can be the vehicle lifting point (see Annex
3), the traction point when dragged is in the back of counterweight. The allowed
maximum force points value : 20KN.
This machine can be used for short-drag powerless trailer:
1. The location of Traction is at the rear of counterweight.
2. The maximum traction value of this machine is: W11 is 7.5KN; W12 is

10KN;W13 is 20KN
3. Maximum traction speed is ≤ 5km / h
4. Just only allows rigid drawbar traction
5. Not for long traction
6. When used as a tractor, please pay close attention to the hydraulic oil
temperature, can’t exceed the maximum temperature of piston pump.
53
SECTION 6: STORAGE PROCEDURE
FOR ONE MONTH
FOR INDEFINITE PERIOD
Transmission
No special attention needed
Drive axle
No special attention needed
Tires
The loader should be raised and
axles chocked to prevent tire
contact with ground.
Tire pressure should be reduced to
15PSI.
Lubrication
Ensure that all points are lubricated
with specified grease oil.
Fluid levels
Wheel
bearings
Battery
All fluid levels should be checked
and topped up as necessary.
Wheel
bearings
should
be
repacked.
Disconnect battery terminals
Drain transmission fluid.
Refill transmission.
Drain drive axle by removing drain
plug located on the underside of the
differential carrier housing. Reinstall
plug after draining.
The loader should be raised and
axles chocked to prevent tire contact
with the ground.
Tire pressure should be reduced to
15PSI, and sprayed with a rubber
preservative.
Ensure that all points are lubricated
with specified grease oil.
Release all fluid (oil)
Wheel bearings should be repacked.
The battery should be removed and
stored separately. The battery must
be stored in a cool dry place and
must not be exposed to direct
sunlight. If the battery is stored in the
open, it must be covered for
protection against dirt and moisture.
A slow charge should be given to the
battery every one and two months.
Note:
1. The environment weather storage scope of this machine: -30℃-50℃
2. Long-term storage may damage the seals within the hydraulic system
SECTION7: Noise levels:
Sound intensity level [2000/14/EG]
Acoustic sound level without cab [DIN EN ISO 11201]
Acoustic sound level with cab [DIN EN ISO 11201]
54
LWA = 101 dB (A)
LpA = 84 dB (A)
LpA = 85 dB (A)
CHAPTER 2
MAINTENANCE SECTION
55
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
By definition, preventive maintenance includes regular maintenance and checking
operations which should prevent failures occurring.
Preventive maintenance operations should enable the operator to discover premature
wear or deterioration of the equipment.
GENERAL CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
For a complete cleaning of the loader, clean normally (High pressure cleaning should be
avoided). Make sure electrical components, safeties, name plates and stickers, are well
protected. For electrical components, dry air of 29 psi maximum is recommended.
For mechanical parts cleaning, use degreasing products and then blow air.
Batteries must be cleaned in order to prevent serious damages due to chemical
reactions and current branching off.
WARNINGS:
SOLVENT MAY AFFECT SKIN, EYES, AND RESPIRATORY TRACT.
USE ONLY IN WELL VENTILATED AREA.
AVOID PROLONGED BREATHING OF VAPORS.
KEEP AWAY FROM SPARKS AND FLAME.
TO AVOID POSSIBLE PERSONAL INJURY, NEVER EXCEED 30 PSI AIR PRESSURE
FOR CLEANING AND DRYING PURPOSES. USE EYES PROTECTION WITH SIDE
GUARDS AND APPROVED NOZZLES ON AIR HOSES.
WARNING: LOOSEN THE FUEL CAP AND RELEASE THE RESET PRESSURE IN THE
OIL TANK BEFORE DISASSEBLE THE HYDRAULIC PIPE.
CAUTIONS:
NEVER IMMERSE ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS, PACKING, OR RUBBER, PLASTIC OR
TEFLON PARTS IN DRY-CLEANING SOLVENT.
WIPE PARTS WITH A CLEAN, LINT-FREE CLOTH.
DRY CLEANING SOLVENT CAN REACT WITH MATERIALS AND RESULT IN SEVERE
DAMAGE OR DESTRUCTION OF PARTS.
● Clean parts in a tank or spray using dry-cleaning solvent
● Wash cleaned parts by flushing or spraying. When necessary, use a soft bristle, non
metallic moistened in dry-cleaning solvent.
● Except for bearings, dry parts use compressed air after cleaning.
● Unless specifically called for in maintenance procedures, do not use metal
scrapers, wire brushes, abrasive wheels, or abrasive compounds when cleaning part
● Clean electrical parts such as relays or switches with a lint-free cloth moistened with drycleaning solvent.
56
● Clean the heat exchanger coil by reverse flushing with a steam cleaner or with a
pressure washer and soap solution. Do not use a cleaner that will attack aluminum or
copper.
● Clean the exterior surface of the batteries with a weak solution of baking soda and water.
● Apply the solution with a non metallic brush to remove corrosive build-up on the battery
cable terminals.
● Wash painted surfaces of the unit with a solution of ¼ pound of soap chips to one gallon
of water. Rinse with clean water and dry with a lint-free cloth or allow to air dry.
First Maintenance Program
● The first maintenance should be done between 10 and 125 hours.
● For the maintenance of engine, see operation manual (every machine has the engine
operation manual)
● Check oil tank and take correct action in case of oil leakage
● Check hose , attachment and electrical wire
● Check wheels nut torque after 10 operations hours, also after 50 operation hours, and
after each wheel replacement.
57
SECTION 1: SERVICE
A. Preparation for Use
Fuel System
Check all fuel line connections to make sure they are properly connected, from fuel
tank to fuel pump to carburetor. (Gasoline only)
Make sure that oil extraction plug of fuel tank is screwed down.
inject proper fuel to fuel tank
Battery
Check battery liquid level. Top up with distilled or approved drinking water, as
necessary
Connect the battery cables, if disconnected, positive first.
Engine and Plunger Pump
Check engine oil level, add oil if needed.
Check connectors of hydraulic components, such as plunger pump and motor, etc in case
of leakage.
Tire Inflation
Check air pressure in tires and add air if needed.
After remove wheels, it’s recommended to strengthen the nuts tightening.
After 2 hours, then 50 hours, and every 200 hours periodically:
Recommended for wheel nuts tightening: 130 ft.lbs (148 N.m)
Recommended pressure for wheels:
The size for W11 tire is 26x12-12AS, rated pressure is 300kpa;
The size for W11 tire is7.00-12AS,rated pressure is 360kpa
The size for W12 tire is 10-16.5NHS,rated pressure is 520kpa;
The size for W12 tire is 31x15.5-15AS, rated pressure is 480kpa;
The size for W13 tire is 11.5/80-15.3AS, rated pressure is 520kpa;
Hydraulic liquid
Check oil level at reservoir. A dipstick in strainer indicates the minimum required level.
Warning: Because of the pressure in the hydraulic tank, before open the fuel cap after
loosen, should release the pressure slowly.
Grease Addition
Add grease in every grease valve.
1. All joint bearings
2.All articulated bodies
3. All axle sleeve
B Regular maintenance form
The loader should be maintained in accordance with the following schedules.
Weekly or
Six
Daily
Monthly
Two
50hours
months
check
or 200
months or
check
or 1200
hours
400hours
hours
Fuel level
●
Engine oil level
●
Tire pressure 4.5BAR
●
Examine
tire
thread ;remove stones
inside clearance ,etc
Adjustment
of
the
headlights to aim correctly.
Operation of work, tail,
stop and turn lights
Operation of the cab
marker lights, the heater,
the wiper and cab light(if
equipped)
Horn
●
●
●
●
●
Hydraulic oil level.
●
The wheel lug nuts are
tightened, 148N.M
Drive axle fixed bolts and
tighten if required.
Cylinder head bolt torque
and all nuts and bolts for
tightness.
If
required,
adjust to specified torque.
Drive axle and reduction
gear box oil level.
Exhaust system for leaks
and holes.
Change drive axle oil.
(First change only after
using 50 hours; then yearly
thereafter)
●
Hydraulic oil.
●
●
●
●
●
●
Hydraulic return-suck oil
filter element
Parking Brake
With the parking brake
handle in ‘lock ’position,
the loader should not move
●
●
59
Yearly
or
2400
hours
on an 8 or less percent
grade, but if the loader
rolls, then manual brake is
advised.
Dynamo belt: tighten it if
needed
●
Hydraulic oil
●
Remove water from fuel
separator(If equipped)
Inspect engine oil cooler
hoses.
Change: Intake air filter
element
The adjusting Slides
beneath the operator’s
seat.
The service brake pedal
pivot.
●
Parking brake linkage.
●
The throttle cable linkage.
●
jogging cable
●
Change fuel filter
●
Fill all grease fittings with
grease
●
Cab door lock (if equipped)
●
●
●
●
●
●
Change fuel filter
●
Replace Engine oil and
filter
Idle RPM and mixture,
adjust if necessary.
●
●
Change the engine belts
Change parking brake
shoes
Drain, flush and refill the
hydraulic system
●
●
●
Replace drive axle oil
(*)Lug nuts must be retightened to 148N.M.After any change of a wheel and anytime the
lug nuts have been loosened for any reason, and at the intervals specified in this Preventive
Maintenance Section.
A proper and regular maintenance will allow operator to avoid any mechanical failures.
Pay attention to lubrication schedule.
60
Check engine oil level
Check engine oil level weekly or every 50 hours
Identify if the oil addition is necessary according to dipstick indication
Attention: Use matched oil in accordance with engine specification
Air cleaner cleaning
The cover can be taken out after de-tighten the screw located at the side of it.
Element cleaning
Tap element filter paper lightly without any damage
Note:
1. Replace the element if the filter is damaged
2. Wash the element if badly polluted
How to wash the element
1. Soak the element in water containing neutral detergent during approximately 30
minutes and then wash. Care not to scratch the filter paper
2. After washing, rinse the element with clean water
3. Allow to dry naturally or use a dryer (cold air). Never use compressed or hot air
Note:
Element should be replaced after being used for one year or washing six times
Battery electrolyte check
(The following steps are unnecessary if maintenance—free battery is used)
1. The battery electrolyte should be between the upper an lower levels
2. If the electrolyte level is bellow the lower mark, remove the cap and add distilled
water to the upper level through the water inlet port.
Caution:
Be sure to use distilled water
Wear protective glass when working on battery
Tyre replacement
Note:
1. Never enter the loader after jacking it up.
2. Tightening torque of the hub nuts, 148 N.M
3.
Adjust
the
air
pressure
after
61
tire
replacement,
W11:3.0Bar;
W12:
5.2Bar/4.8Bar; W13: 4.8Bar
4. Pay attention of rim deformation, cracks and loose matching bolt nuts
5. Never increase air-pressure exceeding specified range
Front wheel
1. Locate the loader at a horizontal place
2. Apply the parking brake and insert the jack under the body
3. Jack the body up until tires are almost raised from the ground and loosen hub nuts
4. Jack the body up until tires are lifted from the ground and remove hub nuts and
wheels
5. Reinstall the wheels in the reverse procedure after repairing and replacing the tires.
Tighten the hub nuts uniformly in diagonal directions and in the sequence shown
6. Check and adjust the air pressure of the tires after the wheels are reinstalled
Maintenance of the hydraulic system
1.Hydraulic oil replacement.
Warning: Before draining hydraulic oil, the pre-work equipment should be totally
descended.
1. Drive the loader to trench
2. Get down the attachments completely.
3. Put a container under the bottom of loader
4. Open rear cap
5. Unscrew hydraulic oil filler
6. Unscrew return-suck oil filter
7. Remove the drain plug of hydraulic oil tank
8. Drain hydraulic oil thoroughly
9. clean nearby area of drain plug
10. Re-insert drain plug
11. Add hydraulic oil to the tank from oil filler till it reaches oil filler.
12. Screw filler cap
13. Add hydraulic oil into tank from return-suck oil filter till filled
14. Screw return-suck strainer cover
15. Start the engine under idle speed, turn over the steering from dead side to dead side
several times , run slowly for several meters ,lift and descend several times ,then recheck
the oil-level.
62
Caution:
The dumped engine oil should be disposed in accordance with relevant laws and regulations.
The kid should be kept off indisposed oil. Also prevent the oil from flowing into gully drain or flowing
on the ground.
Attention!
During maintenance of the hydraulic system and when changing hydraulic aggregates keep
everything meticulously clean to avoid a premature failure of the system!
The hydraulic filter system consists of:
1.return-suction filter for the working and driving hydraulics
2.filling-vent valve.
These filters are integrated in the tank. The filling amount in the hydraulic oil tank
should be checked daily. The loader should be on even ground and all cylinders must
beretracted.
The return-suction filter element should replace at the following intervals under
normal working conditions:
a) 50 operating hours after initial commissioning
b) 800 operating hours after initial commissioning
c) subsequently every 800 operating hours.
The filling-vent valve should be cleaned every month and replaced after 800 operating
hours; the complete filling cover
should hereby be exchanged.
The following intervals are prescribed for changing the hydraulic oil:
a) 50 operating hours after initial commissioning
b) 800 operating hours after initial commissioning
c) all further 800 operating hours.
The hydraulic oil should be drained while still warm during an oil change. Any oil sludge
must be removed by rinsing the tank.
Top up with oil through the filling-vent valve.
The hydraulic oil used is HLP 46 (ISO VG 46, acc. to DIN 51519). If other hydraulic
fluids are used, these must be approved by the manufacturer.
Check the hydraulic system for leaks during all service and maintenance work. Leaky
union pieces and screw connections are to be tightened when depressurised and then
checked again.
63
Attention!
• Following major repairs (e.g. changing pumps or motors) the suction area of the
hydraulic pump has to be filled with oil before starting to vent the hydraulic system!
• The hydraulic tank is pressurised when warm and in use. To prevent spillage of the
hydraulic oil when changing the filter the pressure must be relived by opening the filling vent
valve!
Warning!
When connecting tools or trailers with a hydraulic connection, make sure that the
hydraulic oil in tool and the loader are the same. Mixing different oil with the loader's
hydraulic oil can cause the hydraulic system to fail. In addition, it will void your warranty!
3.CONNECTING
THE
HYDRAULIC HOSES AND DISCONNECTING
THE
HYDRAULIC HOSES
3.1CONNECTING THE HYDRAULIC HOSES
a.Make sure that the hose is not twisted, Pressure applied to a twisted hose can
cause the hose to fail or the connections to loosen.
b.Make sure that hose does not touch hot parts.
c. Make sure that hose does not toucht parts which can rub or cause abrasion.
d.Use the hose clamps (where possible) to support long hose runs and keep the hoses
away from moving parts.
3.2Chck for leaks
a.Start the engine .
b.Operate the related control t to increase the pressure in the hydraulic sustem.
c.Stop the engine then remove the starter key.
d.Check for indications of leakage at the hose connections .Correct,as necessary.
3.3Disconnecting the Hudraulic Hoses
a.Make the machine safe .Tefer to Routine Maintenance ,Prepare the Machine for
Maintenance.
b.Vent the hydraulic system.Refer to Routine Maintenance ,Releasing the Hudraulic
Pressure.
64
c.Disconnect the hoses.
If the hoses have quick releases couplings,then refer to
Quick Release Couplings.
d.Check the hoses and adaptors for damage.Refer to Routine Maintenance ,Checking
for Damage.
e.If necessary,install the blanking caps.
4. Hydraulic filter system
Return-suction filter
Filling-vent valve
Attention!
• Using filter elements from other manufacturers causes serious damage or failure of
the axial piston pump!
65
5. Replacing the return suction filter
Attention!
• Only the original Schäffer element 070-200-012 may be used as filter element for the
return suction filter 070-200-011!
• Using filter elements from other manufacturers causes serious damage or failure of
the axial piston pump!
Pressure filter
The pressure filter should replaced at the following intervals under normal working
conditions:
a) 50 operating hours after initial commissioning
b) 800 operating hours after initial commissioning
c) subsequently every 800 operating hours.
All of the oil pumped by the gear pump is passed through the pressure filter before
reaching the steering and control unit.
To change the pressure filter, release the clips on the filter and unscrew the hoses. The
filter is replaced as a complete unit.
When fitting the new filter take care to ensure the correction direction of flow! This is
indicated by an arrow on the
housing. The filter must be fitted so that the arrow points forwards from the rear of the
loader. An incorrectly fitter filter can lead to damage to the gear pump!
66
Rear Axle and Reduction Gear Box
Check oil level in the rear axle and gear reduction box and add oil, if needed.
Maintenance interval:
• Check the oil level every 400 operating hours. For this purpose, the loader must be
standing on even ground and should have been inoperative for approx. 10 min before
checking. The oil must be up to the screw "A". Top up with oil as necessary.
• Change the oil every 800 operating hours, for the first time after 50 operating hours.
Run the gear until warm and then drain the oil via plug "B". Top up with fresh oil in the
specified quantity and grade.
• Visual inspection for possible leakage should be carried out on a daily basis.
Dispose of the waste oil in accordance with statutory regulations!
Attention!
• Using other lubricants can lead to significant noises in the self-locking differential and
changes in the locking values!
Attention!
• In the event of damage, we retain the right to analyse the oil.
Axle W13
1.Gear axle,
front Axle bridge 5,5
Schäffer Axle Fluid SB
Planetary gear each 0,25
Total 6,0
Gear axle, rear with power divider
Axle bridge5.5
Planetary gear each 0,25
Total 6 .0
67
Front axle
A = Top up with oil
B = Venting screw brake
C = Drain oil
Drain oil
A
68
fill
and Top up with oil(turning 90)
Rear axle
Power divider:
A = Top up with oil
B = Venting screw brake
C = Drain oil
Drain oil
A fill
69
and Top up with oil(turning 90)
2 Changing the oil in the planetary gears
Warning!
When the planetary gears are hot the oils is pressurised! Carefully unscrew the drain
plug!
1. Turn wheel so that the drain plug (A) is pointing downwards. Unscrew screw and drain oil.
2. Turn wheel by 90° and fill with oil. The oil level must be up to the screw hole.
3. Replace drain plug.
Planetary gear:
Turn the bore hole so that is pointing downwards to drain oil.
Turn the bore hole into a horizontal position when filling with oil.
Maintenance of the brake system
The front axle of the loader is fitted with a multiple disk brake which runs in an oil bath.
This simultaneously acts as the parking brake via a cable pull and as a hydraulic service
brake in connection with the inch pedal.
The multiple disk brake is practically maintenance-free. The brake lines and brake fluid
have to be replaced after 2 years. The brake fluid used by the works is ATF-oil AVIA Fluid
ATF 86; this oil fulfils the requirements of Dexron II D, Caterpillar TO - 2 or ZF-TE-ML 03D,
04D, 11A, 14A, 17C.
Attention!
• Only fill the brake system with ATF oil!.
The system is vented with the vent screws on the axial piston pump and front axle.
Warning! This work should only be carried out by a qualified workshop!
Check the brake lines and cable every 400 operating hours and replace as necessary.
Check the level in the brake fluid reservoir during daily maintenance. The fluid should be
between MIN and MAX.
Attention!
If you detect a loss of fluid from the brake fluid reservoir during your daily
maintenance work consult a qualified workshop!
70
C. LIQUID & LUBRICANTS
Engine
Capacity
5.1L
6.7L
9.5L
MODEL
D1105-E3B/D1105-T-E3B
V1505-E3B/V1505-T-E3B
V2403-M-DI-E3B
Specification
15W-40 API CF-4/SG CCMC D2
15W-40 API CF-4/SG CCMC D2
15W-40 API CF-4/SG CCMC D2
COOLING CIRCUIT
TYPE
SPECIFICATION
W11-K26/K33
W12K3
6
W13
ANTI-FREEZE -35°
11L
13L
15
Hydraulic Circuit
TYPE
SPECIFICATION
W11-K26/K33
W12K3
6
W1
300
000
0
TYPE
CALTEX HDZ-46#
66L
50L
80L
Drive Axle
GEAR OIL L-CKC
SPECIFICATION
W11K26/K33
W12K3
6
W13
2L
7.5L
12
Fuel Tank
TYPE
Diesel fuel 0# -10# or according to the local temperature to
SPECIFICATION determine the oil
W11-K26/K33
W12K3
6
W13
26L
42L
60
NOTE: THE OILS MENTIONED ABOVE ARE FOR USING UNDER ORDINARY CLIMATE, FOR A
COUNTRY WITH EXTREME CLIMATE, CONTACT WITH FIRST AVENUE INDUSTRY OR LOCAL
AGENCY.
1- WHEN REPLACING HYDRAULIC PARTS OR COMPONENTS, IT IS INDISPENSABLE TO
FILTER AND CHECK THE HYDRAULIC OIL BEFORE REUSING IT, IN ORDER TO AVOID
DETERIORATION OF THE COMPONENTS
2- IT'S FORBIDDEN TO MIX TWO OILS
DRIVE SHAFT
TYPE
NLGI Grade No.2 Lithium grease
BEARING ROD END
TYPE
Lithium grease Every 500 hours.
71
SECTION 2: TROUBLESHOOTING
A- Energy to reduce
Intake blockage;
The fuel system with air;
Fuel pump defect;
Exhaust system blockage;
Check engine oil level and whether to use the
specified oil by the manufacturer.
OK
Not OK
Repair or adjust the engine and
surrounding parts
Check hydraulic oil level
Check for leaks
OK
Not OK
Check drive axle
Adjustment or repair of piston pumps or
hydraulic motors
72
B-Drive axle
Drive axle with noise
Check the oil,
OK
Not OK
Check the gears and bearings
Oil filling
73
C-Brake System
Braking distance is too long
Inspect the hydraulic oil Level
OK
Not OK
check any leakage of tubing and
connectors
Add hydraulic oil as request
Check the hydraulic motor
Change the pipe or connector
OK
Not OK
Repair or replace the hydraulic motor
Repair or replace the pump
74
D-Generator
Generator Output High
Check the battery of short circuit or less than the
electrolyte
OK
Not OK
Check the battery among the lines
generator and voltage
replace or add battery electrolyte
OK
Not OK
Check the voltage regulator
Maintain the lines
Not OK
Repair regulator
75
ANNEX 1: HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM
W11 HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM
76
W12 HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM
77
W13 HYDRAULIC DIAGRAM
78
ANNEX 2 ELECTRIC DIAGRAM
W12 ELECTRIC DIAGRAM
79
W13 ELECTRIC DIAGRAM
80
ANNEX 3 THE LABLE LOCATION CHART OF MACHINE
1. Hydraulic control prompt
5. Tire pressure label
9.Notice hurt label
13. Notice hurt hand
17. Restoration button label
21. Operation warning
25. Decal,name
2. Model
6. Abrasive mat
10. Notice hurt hand
14. Add butter label
18. Decal, sling
22. Model label
26. Oil label
3. Decal, parking brake
7. Nameplate
11. Decal, fuel
15. Notice declaration
19. Model label
23. Prevent tip label
27. Safety belt
81
4. Tyre label
8. Decal, sling
12. Notice heat label
16. Abrasive mat
20. Ride warning
24. Notice tip label
28. Notice distance
ANNEX 4: DAILY EQUIPMENT INSPECTION
WHILE OPERATORS SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT TO PERFORM REPAIRS, THEY
DO HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY TO REPORT IMMEDIATELY ANY
PROBLEMS
TO THEIR SUPERVISOR, SO THAT REPAIRS CAN BE MADE IN A TIMELY
FASHION BY QUALIFIED MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL.
DAILY EQUIPMENT INSPECTION – W11/W12/W13 wheel load
Vehicle S/N: __________________ Date: ____/____/____
Operator: _____________________
[]Good
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[A] Adjustments Completed
Check the engine oil and
ensure that the level is within
operating range.
On water-cooled systems,
inspect the coolant/water level
at the coolant surge tank. (Do
not remove the radiator cap to
perform a routine coolant level
check.)
Inspect the tire surface for
damage or wear. Remove
stones from the surface and
report any damage, cracked
sidewalls, limited tire tread, or
unusual wear.
Check that other lights are
working, including the rear
light, tail stop and turn signal
lights, (if the wheel load install
this equipment)
[N] Needs Repairs
[ ]
Check the power steering fluid level by
opening the cap to inspect the level. Ensure
that the level is within operating range and
then replace the cap.
[ ]
Check the inflation pressure of each
pneumatic tire. wheels require 4.5bar.Adjust
tire pressure as required.
[ ]
Make sure the headlights are working and
properly
[ ]
Ensure that the cab heater, wiper and the cab
dome light and other are working,
(if the wheel load install this equipment)
[ ]
The horn should be clearly
heard in noisy voices.
[ ]
[ ]
Check the fuel level.
[ ]
Ensure that all controls are in good working.
Report the faulty and do not use the
equipment until repairs have been completed.
The correct position of the driver's seat,
adjusting it to meet your requirements.
JIANGSU FIRST AVENUE INDUSTRY CO., LTD
NO 18, XINZHOU ROAD, JINGJIANG CITY, JIANGSU PROVIENCE,
82
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement