Table of contents

Table of contents
Table of contents
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
14
Starting
21
Driving
25
Roadside emergencies
37
Maintenance and care
54
Capacities and specifications
84
Customer Assistance
88
Reporting Safety Defects
89
Index
90
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright 娀 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
2
Introduction
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of Class A Motorhome Vehicles
The Ford Motorhome Chassis is not suitable for producing ambulances or
school buses. In addition, Ford urges manufacturers to follow the
recommendations of the “Ford Incomplete Vehicle Manual,” the “Ford
Truck Body Builder’s Layout Book,” and other pertinent supplements.
Notification of delayed warranty start date and accumulated
mileage
Verify that your recreational vehicle dealer has submitted a Notification
of Delayed Warranty Start Date and Accumulated Mileage (FCS 900) to
Ford Motor Company.
3
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
50
40
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
L
80
60
70
100
120
40
20
000000
!
- +
BRAKE
- +
8
H
18
C
80
4
FUEL
RESET
140
20
BRAKE
3
2
60
30
90
1
100
0
5
180
10
0
MPH 0 0 0
0 km/h
6
RPMx1000
P R N
21
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
ABS
DOOR
AJAR
Low fuel
Illuminates as an early reminder of a
low fuel condition indicated on the
LOW
fuel gauge. The light comes on when
FUEL
there is approximately 1/16th of a
tank indicated on the fuel gauge
(refer to Fuel Gauge in this chapter for more information). The ignition
must be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate for several seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level.
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
This light will come on when the
key is in the ON position and the:
• engine coolant temperature is
very high
• engine oil pressure is low
The light serves as a notice that a system needs your attention and to
check the engine coolant temperature gauge and the engine oil pressure
gauge.
Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge and Engine oil pressure
gauge in this chapter for more information.
4
Instrumentation
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
position, the engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged. If the
brake warning lamp does not
illuminate at this time, seek service immediately. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON to remind you
to fasten your safety belts.
Brake reserve system warning (if equipped)
Illuminates to indicate normal
BRAKE
Hydromax booster reserve system
activation when the engine is OFF
and the service brake pedal is
applied, or when the ignition is in
the ON or START position.
This light may also illuminate momentarily if the engine is running and
the driver turns the steering wheel fully in one direction while braking.
If the light remains on while the engine is running, this indicates
inadequate hydraulic booster pressure or reserve pump system failure.
Safely stop the vehicle as soon as possible and seek service immediately.
5
Instrumentation
Service engine soon (Federal only)
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System
(OBD I). This OBD I system
protects the environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to
meet government emission standards. The OBD I system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Check Engine/Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates
when the ignition is first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If
it comes on after the engine is started, one of the engine’s emission
control systems may be malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without
a driveability concern being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable
and will not require towing.
What you should do if the Check Engine/Service Engine Soon light
illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD I system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
These and other temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the
fuel tank with good quality fuel. After three driving cycles without these
or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold
engine startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional
vehicle service is required.
If the Check Engine/Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your
vehicle serviced at the first available opportunity.
6
Instrumentation
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
The Transmission Control Indicator
Light (TCIL), which is located on
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever (the word OFF),
may flash steadily if a transmission
malfunction has been detected. It
the TCIL is flashing, contact your Ford dealer as soon as possible. If this
condition persists, damage to the transmission may occur.
Service engine soon (California only)
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System
(OBD II). This OBD II system
protects the environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to
meet government emission standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
7
Instrumentation
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Service Engine Soon light should
turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by
mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your vehicle serviced
at the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
The Transmission Control Indicator
Light (TCIL), which is located on
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever (the word OFF),
may flash steadily if a transmission
malfunction has been detected. It
the TCIL is flashing, contact your Ford dealer as soon as possible. If this
condition persists, damage to the transmission may occur.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the engine
ABS
is off. If the light remains on,
continues to flash or fails to
illuminate, have the system serviced
immediately.
Normal is braking is still effective unless the brake warning light(s) also
illuminate(s) with the ignition turned to ON.
8
Instrumentation
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
Fuel reset
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
fuel pump shut-off switch has been
triggered. For more information,
refer to Fuel pump shut-off switch
in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
DOOR
AJAR
FUEL
RESET
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. Refer to Exterior bulbs
in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
9
Instrumentation
GAUGES
50
40
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
L
80
60
70
100
120
40
20
000000
!
- +
BRAKE
- +
8
18
C
80
4
140
20
BRAKE
H
3
2
60
30
90
1
100
0
5
180
10
0
MPH 0 0 0
0 km/h
6
RPMx1000
P R N
21
FUEL
RESET
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
ABS
DOOR
AJAR
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The
ignition should be in the OFF
position while the vehicle is being
refueled. When the gauge first
indicates empty, there is a small
amount of reserve fuel in the tank.
When refueling the vehicle from
empty indication, the amount of fuel
that can be added will be less than the advertised capacity due to the
reserve fuel.
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
H
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
L
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
10
Instrumentation
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
18
8
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
H
C
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
11
Instrumentation
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
40
50
70
80
30
60
60
100
120
20
10
0
12
40
80
000000
140
90
20
160
MPH 0 0 0 0 km/h
100
Instrumentation
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer in the red zone may damage
the engine.
13
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
P
Daytime running lamps (DRL)
The daytime running light system turns the headlamps on, with a
reduced light output, when:
• the vehicle is running and
• the headlamp system is in the OFF position or parking lamp position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
14
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past
detent) to turn on interior lamps.
PANEL
DIM
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
3
accessories such as the radio to
2
operate while the engine is not
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift
4
1
lever and allows key removal.
5
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
15
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
16
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL. Release the
control when the desired vehicle
RES
speed is reached or
• Press and release SET/SET
SET
ACCEL
ACC/SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by
COAST
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
17
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
18
Controls and features
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
19
Controls and features
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive
position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows
automatic upshifts to second, third
and fourth gear.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE OFF
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the end of the gearshift lever.
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
OVERDRIVE
to normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL (the word OFF) will no
longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
20
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
21
Starting
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
50
40
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
L
80
60
70
100
120
40
20
000000
!
- +
BRAKE
22
- +
8
18
C
80
4
FUEL
RESET
140
20
BRAKE
H
3
2
60
30
90
1
100
0
5
180
10
0
MPH 0 0 0
0 km/h
6
RPMx1000
P R N
21
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
ABS
DOOR
AJAR
Starting
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
light may not illuminate.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the temperature is above –12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below –12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start in fifteen seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait ten
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while holding the
accelerator down to the floor. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach –23°C
(–10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
23
Starting
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by keeping all air inlet vents clear of snow,
leaves and other debris.
24
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the Scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
If you are driving down a long or steep hill, shift to a lower gear.
Do not apply your brakes continuously, as they may overheat
and become less effective.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check at 17 km/h
(10 mph) after you start the engine and begin to drive away. A brief
mechanical noise may be heard during this test. This is normal. If a
malfunction is found, the ABS warning light will come on. If the vehicle
has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking,
the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service technician.
25
Driving
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking with loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned on and the engine is off. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
braking is still effective unless the
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Hydraulic brake booster system (Hydroboost or Hydromax)
The Hydroboost and Hydromax systems receive fluid pressure from the
power steering pump to provide power assist during braking.
26
Driving
The Hydromax booster receives backup pressure from the reserve
system electric pump whenever the fluid in the power steering system is
not flowing. When the engine is OFF, the pump will turn on if the brake
pedal is applied, or if the ignition is turned to the ON position.
The sound of the pump operating may be heard by the driver, but this is
a normal characteristic of the system.
The reserve system provides reduced braking power, so the vehicle
should be operated under these conditions with caution, and only to seek
service repair and remove the vehicle from the roadway.
For Hydromax-equipped vehicles operating under normal conditions, the
noise of the fluid flowing through the booster may be heard whenever
the brake is applied. This condition is normal. Vehicle service is not
required.
If braking performance or pedal response becomes very poor, even when
the pedal is strongly depressed, it may indicate the presence of air in the
hydraulic system or leakage of fluid. Stop the vehicle safely as soon as
possible and seek service immediately.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. Push pedal
downward to set the parking brake.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
27
Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
transmission mounted parking brake assembly, the vehicle’s stopping
distance will increase greatly and the handling of your vehicle will be
adversely affected.
Push the service brake pedal with
your foot and pull the parking brake
release handle to release the
parking brake.
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
28
Driving
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
29
Driving
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park). This position locks the
transmission and prevents the rear
wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of
the gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on the
end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
30
OVERDRIVE OFF
OVERDRIVE
Driving
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift
position. The TCIL (the word OFF) will illuminate on the
in the
gearshift lever. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is
useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine downhill braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer
to Driving while you tow in the Trailer towing section.
(Overdrive) mode, press the Transmission Control
To return to
Switch (TCS). The TCIL (the word OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
31
Driving
VEHICLE LOADING
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designed by weight, not volume, so you
cannot necessarily use all available space with large or heavy loads.
Maximum safe vehicle weights as well as tire, rim sizes and inflation
pressures are specified for your vehicle on the Safety Compliance
Certification Label. A Safety Compliance Certification Label was supplied
by Ford Motor Company to the Motorhome Manufacturer. The
manufacturer uses this information and supplies a Compliance
Certification Label which is located inside the vehicle to the left of the
driver.
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is allowed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
32
Driving
• Maximum Trailer Weight: maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower weight capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher weight limit than the
originals do not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum combined cargo and trailer weight
your vehicle can carry/tow and must fall below the maximum shown
under maximum trailer weight on the chart. Refer to the definition of
Maximum Trailer Weight below Vehicle Loading in this chapter to
determine the maximum trailer weight permitted for a loaded vehicle.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs.
33
Driving
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission is submerged
may allow water into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle may tow a class I, II or III trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio on the following chart:
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Maximum
Trailer weight
Maximum
Rear axle
Engine
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.) Frontal Area of
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum) Trailer-m2 (ft2 )
11 794
0-4 763
6.8L
5.38
5.6 (60)
(26 000)
(0-10 300)
For high altitude operation reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation. To determine the maximum trailer weight
designed for your particular vehicle as equipped, follow the section
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow earlier in this
chapter.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10 – 15% of the total
weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
34
Driving
Load equalizing hitch
When hooking up a trailer using a load equalizing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
1. Park the unloaded vehicle on a level surface. With the ignition on and
all doors closed, allow the vehicle to stand for several minutes so that it
can level.
2. Measure the height of a reference point on the front and rear bumpers
at the center of the vehicle.
3. Attach the trailer to the vehicle and adjust the hitch equalizers so that
the front bumper height is within 0–13 mm (1⁄2 inch) of the reference
point. After proper adjustment, the rear bumper should be no higher
than in Step 2.
Adjusting an equalizing hitch so the rear bumper of the vehicle
is lower or higher than it was unloaded will defeat the function
of the load equalizing hitch and may cause unpredictable handling.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The towing vehicle braking system is rated for operation at the GVWR,
not the GCWR.
35
Driving
Separate functioning brake systems are required for safe control of
towed vehicles and trailers weighing more than 680 kg (1 500 lbs) when
loaded.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your maintenance guide and or
service guide for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
36
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate the hazard flashers.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
If the engine cranks but does not start after a collision, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The “Fuel Reset” indicator light
will illuminate in the instrument cluster. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the button on the switch.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
37
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located on a bracket above the
brake pedal.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
38
Roadside emergencies
FUSES AND RELAYS
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
39
Roadside emergencies
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
RELAY 1
RELAY 2
43
44
RELAY 3
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
20A
Right turn signal relay coil, Left turn signal
relay coil, Right turn indicator, Left turn
indicator, Body builder right rear turn/stop
feed, Body builder left rear turn/stop feed
2
—
Not used
3
—
Not used
4
15A
Courtesy lamp relay, Interior lamp feed
5
10A
Body builder accessory feed (accessory and
run)
6
10A
Trailer tow left turn feed
7
15A
Blower motor relay coil
8
—
Not used
40
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
9
20A
Trailer tow Electric Brake controller feed,
Body builder right rear turn/stop feed, Body
builder left rear turn/stop feed, Body builder
stop lamp feed, Trailer left turn/stop fuse
feed, Trailer right turn/stop fuse feed
10
5A
Instrument cluster memory
11
30A
Wiper motor/module power feed
12
10A
Trailer tow right turn feed
13
10A
ABS Module
14
10A
Warning chime module, Power brake assist
module*, Instrument cluster power,
Instrument cluster warning lamps,
Transmission control switch
15
15A
Left turn signal relay contacts
16
20A
Body builder battery (+12V) feed
17
5A
Body builder radio feed
18
—
Not Used
19
5A
Headlamp relay
20
—
Not Used
21
15A
Right turn signal relay contacts
22
—
Not Used
23
—
Not Used
24
—
Not Used
25
10A
Right headlamp
26
10A
Speed control module, Brake shift interlock
actuator
27
—
Not used
28
—
Not used
29
—
Not used
30
—
Not used
31
10A
Left headlamp
32
10A
Backup lamp feed
41
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
33
—
Not used
34
—
Not used
35
20A
Body builder high beam feed, High beam
indicator
36
—
Not used
37
—
Not used
38
10A
Body builder accessory feed (run only)
39
—
Not used
40
—
Not used
41
10A
Instrument illumination
42
—
Not used
43
—
Not used
44
—
Not used
Relay 1
—
Left turn signal relay
Relay 2
——
Courtesy lamps relay
Relay 3
Right turn signal relay
*Vehicles with Hydromax brake assist only
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The
power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and Care chapter.
42
DIODE1 DIODE2
4
2
3
1
20
1
6
5
21
8
7
22
10
23
13
9
24
14
2
25
15
12
26
16
11
3
27
17
4
28
18
5
29
19
6
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
5A*
Power Brake Assist Module***
2
20A*
Horn Feed
3
20A*
4R100 Transmission, Vapor Management
Valve Solenoid, Heated Exhaust Gas Oxygen
(HEGO) Sensors, EVR Solenoid
4
5A*
Powertrain Control Module Memory
5
15A*
Powertrain Control Module Power, Fuel
Pump Relay Coils, Fuel Injectors, IAC
Solenoid, Mass Air Flow Sensor
6
20A*
Front Park Lamp Feed, Rear Park Lamp
Feed, Trailer Tow Running Lamp Relay Coil,
I/P Dimmer Module
7
15A*
Starter Relay Coil, BB Neutral Sense
43
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
8
10A*
Brake Pressure Switch, Stop Lamp Switch for
Power Brake Assist Module*, Speed Control
Module, Powertrain Control Module, ABS
module, Brake Shift Interlock Actuator
9
5A*
Alternator
10
20A*
Daytime Running (DRL) Lamps
11
30A*
Ignition Coils, Radio Capacitors #1 and #2,
Powertrain Control Module Relay
12
20A*
Trailer Tow Running Lamps Feed, Trailer Tow
Backup Lamps Feed, IP-Backup Lamp Feed
13
30A**
Trailer Tow Electric Brake Controller Feed
14
60A**
Right Turn Signal Relay Contacts, Left Turn
Signal Relay Contacts, Hazard Flasher, Stop
Lamp Switch - Trailer Brake Control Feed,
Stop Lamp Switch - Brake Lamp Feeds
15
-Not Used
16
60A**
ABS Module
17
-Not Used
18
-Not Used
19
-Not Used
20
40A**
Powertrain Control Module Relay
21
20A**
Fuel Pump Motor
22
20A**
Diagnostic Tool Connector, Cigar Lighter
23
40A**
Blower Motor Relay Contacts
24
40A**
Courtesy Lamp Relay Contacts, Cluster
Memory, BB Battery Feed
25
50A**
Ignition Switch Feed #2 (Terminals B4 & B5)
26
60A**
Ignition Switch Feed #3 (Terminals B1 & B3)
27
30A**
Headlamp Switch (Headlamps On), Flash To
Pass Switch
28
—
Not Used
29
60A**
Power Brake Assist Motor
44
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
Relay 1
—
Daytime Running Lamps On/Off Relay
Relay 2
—
Fuel Pump Relay
Relay 3
—
Horn Relay
Relay 4
—
Two Speed Fuel Pump Relay
Relay 5
—
Blower Motor Relay
Relay 6
—
Powertrain Control Module Relay
Diode 1
—
Powertrain Control Module Diode
Diode 2
—
Park Brake Diode
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses ***Vehicles with Hydromax brake assist
only
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Tire change procedure
Preparing to change the tire
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
1. Park on a level surface.
2. Activate the warning flashers.
3. Place the gearshift in P (Park).
45
Roadside emergencies
4. Apply the parking brake and turn
engine OFF.
5. Block the wheel that is diagonally
opposite the tire you are changing.
The parking brake is on the
transmission. Therefore, the vehicle
will not be prevented from moving
when a rear wheel is lifted, even if
the parking brake is applied. Be
sure to block both directions of the wheel that is diagonally opposite to
the wheel that is being lifted.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
6. Remove the spare tire and jack from the storage location.
7. Loosen the wheel nut by pulling up on the handle of the lug nut
wrench about one-half turn (counterclockwise). Do not remove the
wheel lug nuts until you raise the tire off the ground.
Replacing the tire
To lessen the risk of personal injury, do not put any part of your
body under the vehicle while changing a tire. Do not start the
engine when your vehicle is on the jack. The jack is only meant for
changing the tire.
46
Roadside emergencies
8. Position the jack to raise the front or rear wheel.
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
Rear axle jacking points:
Front axle jacking points:
Place the jack under the front axle.
9. Raise the vehicle until the wheel is completely off the ground.
10. Remove the lug nuts with the lug nut wrench.
11. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire.
12. Use the lug nut wrench to screw
the lug nut snugly against the
wheel.
13. Lower the vehicle.
14. Remove the jack and fully
tighten the lug nuts in the following pattern:
47
Roadside emergencies
Never use wheels or lug
nuts different than the
original equipment as this could
damage the wheel or mounting
system. This damage could allow
the wheels to come off while the
vehicle is being driven.
1
6
4
7
3
8
5
15. Replace any wheel trim.
2
16. Stow the jack, handle and lug wrench.
17. Unblock the wheels.
On vehicles equipped with dual rear wheels, retighten the wheel lug nuts
to the specified torque at 160 km (100 miles), and again at 800 km (500
miles) of new vehicle operation and after any wheel disturbance (tire
rotation, changing a flat tire, wheel removal, etc.).
Bolt size
Wheel lug nut torque*
Nm
Lb-ft
M14 x 1.5
200-225
150-165
* Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt and rust. Use
only Ford recommended replacement fasteners.
On all two-piece flat wheel nuts,
apply one drop of motor oil between
the flat washer and the nut. Do not
apply motor oil to the wheel nut
threads or the wheel stud threads.
When a wheel is installed, always remove any corrosion, dirt or
foreign materials present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel or
the surface of the front disc brake hub and rotor that contacts the wheel.
Installing wheels without correct metal-to-metal contact at the wheel
mounting surfaces can cause the wheel nuts to loosen and the wheel to
come off while the vehicle is in motion, resulting in loss of control.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
48
Roadside emergencies
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which burns skin, eyes, and
clothing.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on both
vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
49
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system.
50
Roadside emergencies
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to ground the circuit)
are the alternator mounting brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not
use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as grounding
points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts and other moving
parts of both engines.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
51
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
52
Roadside emergencies
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center. It is
recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment.
When calling for a tow truck, tell the operator what kind of vehicle you
have.
53
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
54
Maintenance and care
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
6.8L V10 ENGINE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Engine coolant reservoir
Engine oil filler cap
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Engine oil dipstick
Air filter assembly
Brake fluid reservoir
Power steering fluid reservoir
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil .
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
55
Maintenance and care
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN mark, add enough oil to raise the level
within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the MIN and MAX ranges, add only
certified engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil
filler cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
56
Maintenance and care
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this Certification
Trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API Certification Trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
57
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the service interval schedules:
• Hydroboost brake fluid reservoir
• Hydromax brake fluid reservoir
1. Clean the reservoir cap before removal to prevent dirt or water from
entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
58
Maintenance and care
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
Brake system fluid should be replaced on a regular basis to maintain
optimum braking performance, especially under heavy-duty driving
conditions such as frequent steep grades or heavy towing loads. Refer to
the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the service interval schedules.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
service interval schedules. Be sure
to read and understand Precautions
when servicing your vehicle in
this chapter.
COLD FILL LEVEL
59
Maintenance and care
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs, add
engine coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine coolant
maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549–AA (in
Oregon, F5FZ-19549–CC, in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a
premium engine coolant that meets Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544–AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOL威 engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system.
• Use only the type of coolant with which your vehicle was
originally equipped. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
60
Maintenance and care
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the next few times you
drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and distilled water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the
reservoir.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed
in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use of such coolant may harm engine
and cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
61
Maintenance and care
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the
coolant concentration above 60%. Increased engine coolant
concentrations above 60% will decrease the freeze protection
characteristics of the engine coolant. Vehicles driven year-round in
non-extreme climates should use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water for optimum freeze protection.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine begins to overheat:
• the engine coolant temperature
H
gauge will move to the red (hot)
area.
symbol will illuminate.
• the
symbol will illuminate.
• the
C
• the Service Engine Soon
indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset over-temperature condition, the engine
will automatically switch to alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled
cylinder acts as an air pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate, however:
• the engine power will be limited.
• the air conditioning system will be disabled.
62
Maintenance and care
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature and the engine
will completely shut down, causing steering and braking effort to
increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high-speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Re-start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
63
Maintenance and care
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for the service interval
schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCON威 ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level on the
dipstick. It should be between the
arrows in the FULL range on the
side of the dipstick with the words
ADD
MAX. HOT
FULL
MAX. HOT at the top. Do not add
fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL range. Be sure to put the dipstick
back in the reservoir.
64
Maintenance and care
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about
30 minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km
(20 miles) of driving.
65
Maintenance and care
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns
and/or possible damage.
66
Maintenance and care
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
The original universal joints are equipped with grease fittings.
Lubrication will be necessary. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide
for maintenance intervals.
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
67
Maintenance and care
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
To account for customer driving habits and conditions, your automatic
transmission electronically controls the shift quality by using an adaptive
learning strategy. The adaptive learning strategy is maintained by power
from the battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is
installed, the transmission must relearn its adaptive strategy. Optimal
shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers (miles) of
operation.
If the shift quality does not improve within a few hundred
kilometers (miles) of operation, or if the downshifts and other
throttle conditions do not function normally, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician as soon as possible.
Because your vehicle’s engine is also electronically controlled by a
computer, some control conditions are maintained by power from the
battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed,
the engine must relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum
driveability and performance. To begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
68
Maintenance and care
RN
LE
TU
AD
RE
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle quality
of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle trim is
eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
69
Maintenance and care
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
The tires on your vehicle have been match mounted to the original
equipment wheels. Replacement tires should be mounted so that the
match mount mark on the tire aligns with the small dimple in the face of
the wheel rim.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
70
Maintenance and care
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
71
Maintenance and care
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
72
Maintenance and care
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend the use of gasolines
(R+M)/2 METHOD
labeled as “Regular” that are sold
with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
73
Maintenance and care
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times after refueling before
the system starts to pump the fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
Instrumentation chapter.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
74
Maintenance and care
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the charging system warning light, “Service Engine Soon”
light or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke
or loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
75
Maintenance and care
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
76
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the air cleaner and battery to prevent water damage when
cleaning the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
FUEL FILTER REPLACEMENT
The fuel filter assembly is located inside the driver side frame rail, near
the transmission.
The fuel filter should be replaced every 24 000 km (15 000 miles).
Removal
If the fuel filter is being serviced with the rear of the vehicle
higher than the front, or if the fuel tank is pressurized, fuel
leakage or siphoning from the tank fuel tubes could occur. To prevent
this condition, maintain the vehicle front end at or above the level of
the rear of the vehicle.
Do not smoke or carry lighted tobacco or open flame of any type
when working on or near any fuel related component. Highly
flammable mixtures are always present and may be ignited, resulting in
possible personal injury.
77
Maintenance and care
Fuel in the fuel system remains under high pressure even when
the engine is not running. Before servicing or disconnecting any
of the fuel lines or fuel system components, the fuel system pressure
must be relieved in order to prevent accidental spraying of fuel,
causing personal injury or a fire hazard.
1. Shut the engine off and relieve the fuel system pressure.
• Remove the Schrader valve cap
and install the EFI/CFI Fuel
Pressure Gauge. The EFI/CFI
Fuel Pressure Gauge 310–012
(T80L-9974–B) is available at a
certified Ford parts dealer.
• Open the manual valve slowly on
the EFI/CFI Fuel Pressure Gauge
and relieve the fuel pressure. This
will drain some fuel out of the
system; place the fuel in a
suitable container.
2. Use the fuel line disconnect tool
to disconnect the fuel lines from the
fuel filter. The Fuel Line Disconnect
Tool 310–S039 (T90T-9550–S) is
available at a certified Ford parts
dealer.
• Disconnect the safety clip from
the male hose.
78
Maintenance and care
• Install the fuel line disconnect
tool and push into the fitting.
• Separate the fittings. Clean the
fittings and inspect the fittings for
damage.
Installation
1. Install the fuel filter.
2. Lubricate the tube end with clean
engine oil meeting Ford
specification WSS-M2C153–G to
ease assembly.
• Pull on the fitting to make sure it
is fully engaged, then install
safety clip.
• Align and push the tube into the
fitting until you hear a click.
3. Remove the EFI/CFI Fuel
Pressure Gauge.
4. Install the Schrader valve cap securely.
79
Maintenance and care
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more
accurate measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
chart in this “Owner Guide.” The advertised capacity is the amount of
the Indicated Capacity and the Empty Reserve combined. Indicated
Capacity is the difference in the amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank
when the fuel gauge indicates empty. Empty Reserve is the small amount
of usable fuel remaining in the fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates
empty.
The amount of Empty Reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
80
Maintenance and care
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
81
Maintenance and care
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• Using speed control (if equipped) may improve fuel economy. Speed
control can help maintain a constant speed and reduce speed changes.
You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain as
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gears may occur and
could result in reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
2 km/h [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollover/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
82
Maintenance and care
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of Km/L (MPG) expected on
the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy may vary
depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
83
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter element
Battery
Fuel filter
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
6.8L V10 engine
FA-1634
BXT-65-750
FG-986B
FL-820-S
EV-233
AWSF-22E
*Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake fluid
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Engine coolant1
Power steering
fluid
Rear axle2
Fuel tank
84
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Premium Engine
Coolant
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Motorcraft SAE
75W140
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
N/A
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
5.7L
(6.0 quarts)
All
29.0L
(30.6 quarts)
Keep in FULL
range on
dispstick
3.9L
(4.0 quarts)3
11.7L
(12.0 quarts)3
284.0L
(75 .0 gallons)
All
Dana 80
Dana 135
All
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Transmission4
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Application
Capacity
All
16.8L
(17.7 quarts)5
Your vehicle’s rear axle is filled with a synthetic rear axle lubricant and is
considered lubricated for life. These lubricants do not need to be
checked or changed unless a leak is suspected, service is required or the
axle assembly has been submerged in water. The axle lubricant should
be changed any time the rear axle has been submerged in water.
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Fill 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below bottom of fill hole.
3
Fill Dana rear axles to 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 3/4 inch) below
bottom of fill hole.
4
Always use dipstick to determine exact fluid requirement.
5
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
85
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Brake fluid
Engine coolant
Engine oil
Automatic
transmission
(4R100)1
Power steering
fluid
Parking brake
assembly
Dana Axle
1
Ford part
name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Motorcraft
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON威
Motorcraft SAE
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic rear
axle lubricant
Ford part
number
C6AZ-19542-AB
Ford
specification
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
E2FZ-19549-AA ESE-M97B44-A
(in Oregon,
F5FZ-19549-CC,
in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-10)
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
XT-2-QDX
MERCON威
XT-2-QDX
MERCON威
XT-2-QDX
MERCON威
F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCON威 and MERCON威 V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
86
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
6.8L V10 engine
415
275 @ 4250 rpm
410 lbs.ft. @ 2650 rpm
87 octane
1-6-5-10-2-7-3-8-4-9
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.0:1
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
Incomplete vehicles
On completed derivations of incomplete vehicles, the certification label is
affixed at a location determined by a subsequent stage manufacturer of
the completed vehicle. In these cases the completed vehicle is
manufactured in two or more stages by two or more separate
manufacturers.
87
Customer Assistance
IF YOU HAVE A SERVICE CONCERN, PLEASE FOLLOW THESE
STEPS:
1. Call our Motor Home Customer Assistance Center (1–800–444–3311)
which is available 24 hrs/day. If inspections or repairs are required let the
assistance center make an appointment for you at the most appropriate
repair location in your area. Please have the following information ready
before you call:
• Vehicle Identification Number
• Current Mileage
• A Summary of Your Concern
2. When you arrive at the repair location explain your concern fully to
the service writer. If your concern is resolved please contact
(1–800–444–3311) and advice them accordingly. If not...
3. Ask to see the Service Manager and review your concern with him. If
you are still not satisfied...
4. Contact (1–800–444–3311) and our Motor Home Customer
Assistance Center will assist you and or the repair location as needed.
88
Reporting Safety Defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
89
Index
Air cleaner filter .........................84
Ambulance packages ....................3
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive ...................................29
fluid, refill capacities ................84
fluid, specification ....................87
Axle
lubricant specifications ............87
refill capacities ..........................84
Battery .........................................67
acid, treating emergencies .......67
charging system
warning light ...............................5
jumping a disabled battery ......48
maintenance-free ......................67
replacement, specifications .....84
servicing ....................................67
voltage gauge ............................11
Brakes .....................................25,26
anti-lock ................................25,26
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light ..............8,26
brake warning light ....................5
fluid, checking and adding ......58
fluid, refill capacities ................84
fluid, specifications ..............86,87
lubricant specifications .......86,87
shift interlock ............................28
Break-in period .............................2
Capacities for refilling fluids ......84
Cleaning your vehicle .................76
engine compartment ................77
exterior ......................................77
wheels ........................................76
Coolant ..............................59,61,62
checking and adding ................60
refill capacities .....................61,84
specifications .......................86,87
Dipstick
engine oil ...................................55
90
Doors
door ajar warning .......................9
Driveline universal joint
and slip yoke ...............................67
Driving under special
conditions
through water ...........................33
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ............................48
Emission control system ............74
Engine ..........................................87
check engine/
service engine soon light ........6,7
coolant .......................................59
idle speed control .....................67
lubrication specifications ....86,87
refill capacities ..........................84
service points ............................55
Engine block heater ...................23
Engine oil ....................................55
checking and adding ...........55,56
dipstick ......................................55
filter, specifications .............57,84
recommendations .....................57
refill capacities .....................55,84
specifications .............55,57,86,87
Exhaust fumes ............................24
Fail safe cooling ..........................62
Fluid capacities ...........................84
Fuel ..............................................71
calculating fuel economy .........80
capacity .....................................84
choosing the right fuel .............73
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates ...................83
detergent in fuel .......................74
filling your vehicle
with fuel ...............................71,80
filter, specifications .............77,84
gauge .........................................10
improving fuel economy ..........80
low fuel warning light ................4
Index
octane rating ........................73,87
quality ........................................74
running out of fuel ...................74
safety information relating
to automotive fuels ..................71
Fuses ............................................39
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) ...................80
Gauges .........................................10
battery voltage gauge ...............11
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................11
engine oil pressure gauge ........10
fuel gauge ..................................10
odometer ...................................12
speedometer .............................12
tachometer ................................13
trip odometer ............................12
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .......32
calculating .................................33
definition ...................................32
driving with a heavy load ........32
location ......................................32
GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) ...............32
calculating ............................32,33
definition ...................................32
driving with a heavy load ........32
location ......................................32
Hazard flashers ...........................37
Headlamps ...................................14
daytime running lights .............14
flash to pass ..............................15
high beam ..............................9,14
turning on and off ....................14
warning chime ............................9
Ignition .........................................87
positions of the ignition ...........15
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ................................75
Instrument panel
lighting up panel
and interior ...............................15
Jump-starting your vehicle ........48
Keys
key in ignition chime .................9
positions of the ignition ...........15
Lamps
cargo lamps ...............................15
daytime running light ...............14
headlamps .................................14
headlamps, flash to pass ..........15
instrument panel, dimming .....15
replacing bulbs .........................76
Lights, warning and indicator ......4
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .........8,26
brake ............................................5
charging system ..........................5
check coolant ..............................4
door ajar ......................................9
engine oil pressure .....................4
fuel reset .....................................9
high beam ...................................9
low fuel ........................................4
safety belt ...................................5
service engine soon .................6,7
turn signal indicator ...................9
Load limits ...................................32
GAWR ........................................32
GVWR ........................................32
trailer towing ............................32
Lubricant specifications ........86,87
Motorcraft parts .....................77,84
Octane rating ..............................73
Odometer .....................................12
Overdrive .....................................20
Parking brake ..............................27
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ......84
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) .................................42
Power steering
fluid, checking and adding ......64
91
Index
fluid, refill capacity ..................84
fluid, specifications ..............86,87
Relays ..........................................39
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ......................................9
Safety defects, reporting ............89
Safety restraints
warning light and chime .........5,9
Servicing your vehicle ................54
Spark plugs, specifications ....84,87
Special notice ...........................3,88
Specification chart,
lubricants ................................86,87
Speed control ..............................16
Speedometer ...............................12
Starting your vehicle .............21,23
jump starting ............................48
Tachometer .................................13
Tires ........................................45,69
changing ....................................45
checking the pressure ..............69
replacing ...............................46,70
rotating ......................................70
92
snow tires and chains ..............70
Towing .........................................34
trailer towing ............................34
wrecker ......................................53
Transmission ...............................28
fluid, checking and
adding (automatic) ..................65
fluid, refill capacities ................84
lubricant specifications ............87
Trip odometer .............................12
Turn signal ....................................9
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .............................87
Vehicle loading ............................32
Ventilating your vehicle .............24
Warning chimes .............................9
Warning lights (see Lights) .........4
Water, Driving through ...............33
Windshield washer fluid
and wipers
operation ...................................19
Wrecker towing ...........................53
93
94
95
Filling station information
FILLING STATION INFORMATION
Fuel information
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil (includes filter change)
Tire size and pressure
Power steering fluid capacity
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4R1001
1
Unleaded only - 87 octane
284.0L (75 gallons)
5.7L (6.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
5W30 Super Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification WSS-M2C153-G.
Refer to the Certification Label.
Keep in FULL range on dipstick.
Use Motorcraft MERCON威 ATF.
16.8L (17.7 quarts). Use
Motorcraft MERCON威 ATF.
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCON威 and MERCON威 V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
96
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