Fire Alarm Maintenance Frequency Guide

Fire Alarm Maintenance Frequency Guide
Southaven Fire Department
Division of Fire & Emergency Medical Services
8710 Northwest Drive
Southaven Mississippi 38671
Phone: 662-393-7466
Fax: 662-280-6521
The City of Southaven enforces the 2006 International Fire Code (IFC) as adopted with referenced NFPA standards as applicable. See
the information below related to Fire Alarm Systems for installation and maintenance. The table provided at the end of this document
lists the various components and frequency for testing each.
IFC 901.4.1 Required fire protection systems. Fire protection systems required by this code or the International Building Code
shall be installed, repaired, operated, tested and maintained in accordance with this code.
IFC 901.4.2 Nonrequired fire protection systems. Any fire protection system or portion thereof not required by this code or the
International Building Code shall be allowed to be furnished for partial or complete protection provided such installed system meets
the requirements of this code and the International Building Code.
IFC 901.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems shall be maintained in an operative
condition at all times, and shall be replaced or repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems and equipment shall be
inspected, tested and maintained or removed.
IFC 901.6.1 Standards. Fire protection systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the referenced
standards listed in Table 901.6.1.
TABLE 901.6.1
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM MAINTENANCE STANDARDS
SYSTEM
STANDARD
Fire alarm systems
NFPA 72
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
IFC 901.6.2 Records. Records of all system inspections, tests and maintenance required by the referenced standards shall be
maintained on the premises for a minimum of three years and shall be copied to the fire code official upon request.
IFC 907.20 Inspection, testing and maintenance. The maintenance and testing schedules and procedures for fire alarm and fire
detection systems shall be in accordance with this section and Chapter 10 of NFPA 72.
IFC 907.20.1 Maintenance required. Whenever or wherever any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of
protection or any other feature is required for compliance with the provisions of this code, such device, equipment, system, condition,
arrangement, level of protection or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in accordance with applicable NFPA
requirements or as directed by the fire code official.
IFC 907.20.2 Testing. Testing shall be performed in accordance with the schedules in Chapter 10 of NFPA 72 or more frequently
where required by the fire code official. Where automatic testing is performed at least weekly by a remotely monitored fire alarm
control unit specifically listed for the application, the manual testing frequency shall be permitted to be extended to annual.
Exception: Devices or equipment that are inaccessible for safety considerations shall be tested during scheduled shutdowns
where approved by the fire code official, but not less than every 18 months.
IFC 907.20.3 Detector sensitivity. Detector sensitivity shall be checked within one year after installation and every alternate year
thereafter. After the second calibration test, where sensitivity tests indicate that the detector has remained within its listed and marked
sensitivity range (or 4-percent obscuration light grey smoke, if not marked), the length of time between calibration tests shall be
permitted to be extended to a maximum of five years. Where the frequency is extended, records of detector-caused nuisance alarms
and subsequent trends of these alarms shall be maintained. In zones or areas where nuisance alarms show any increase over the
previous year, calibration tests shall be performed.
IFC 907.20.4 Method. To ensure that each smoke detector is within its listed and marked sensitivity range, it shall be tested using
either a calibrated test method, the manufacturer’s calibrated sensitivity test instrument, listed control equipment arranged for the
purpose, a smoke detector/control unit arrangement whereby the detector causes a signal at the control unit where its sensitivity is
outside its acceptable sensitivity range or other calibrated sensitivity test method acceptable to the fire code official. Detectors found
to have a sensitivity outside the listed and marked sensitivity range shall be cleaned and recalibrated or replaced.
Exceptions:
1. Detectors listed as field adjustable shall be permitted to be either adjusted within the listed and marked sensitivity range
and cleaned and recalibrated or they shall be replaced.
2. This requirement shall not apply to single-station smoke alarms.
IFC 907.20.4.1 Testing device. Detector sensitivity shall not be tested or measured using a device that administers and unmeasured
concentration of smoke or other aerosol into the detector.
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
IFC 907.20.5 Maintenance, inspection and testing. The building owner shall be responsible for ensuring that the fire and life safety
systems are maintained in an operable condition at all times. Service personnel shall meet the qualification requirements of NFPA 72
for maintaining, inspecting and testing such systems. A written record shall be maintained and shall be made available to the fire code
official.
NFPA 72 Table 10.4.3 Testing Frequency
Testing shall be performed in accordance with the schedules in Table 10.4.3, except as modified in other paragraphs of 10.4.3, or
more often if required by the authority having jurisdiction.
Exception: Devices or equipment that are inaccessible for safety considerations (e.g., continuous process operations, energized
electrical equipment, radiation, and excessive height) shall be tested during scheduled shutdowns if approved by the authority having
jurisdiction but shall not be tested more than every 18 months.
NFPA 72 Table 10.4.3 Testing Frequencies
1.
2.
Component
Control Equipment — Building
Systems Connected to
Supervising Station
(a) Functions
(b) Fuses
(c) Interfaced equipment
(d) Lamps and LEDs
(e) Primary (main) power
supply
(f) Transponders
Control Equipment — Building
Systems Not Connected to a
Table
10.4.2.2
Reference
1, 7, 16, 17
Initial/
Reacceptance
Monthly
Quarterly
Semiannually
Annually
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
1
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
3.
4.
5.
Supervising Station
(a) Functions
(b) Fuses
(c) Interfaced equipment
(d) Lamps and LEDs
(e) Primary (main) power
supply
(f) Transponders
Engine-Driven Generator —
Central Station Facilities and
Fire Alarm Systems
Engine-Driven Generator —
Public Fire Alarm Reporting
Systems
Batteries — Central Station
Facilities
(a) Lead-acid type
1. Charger test (replace battery
as needed.)
2. Discharge test (30 minutes)
3. Load voltage test
4. Specific gravity
(b) Nickel-cadmium type
1. Charger test (replace battery
as needed.)
2. Discharge test (30 minutes)
3. Load voltage test
(c) Sealed lead-acid type
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X (weekly)
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
6b
—
X
X
X
—
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
6c
—
X
X
X
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
—
—
—
6d
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
6.
7.
1. Charger test (replace battery
within 5 years after
manufacture or more
frequently as needed.)
2. Discharge test (30 minutes)
3. Load voltage test
Batteries — Fire Alarm
Systems
(a) Lead-acid type
1. Charger test (replace battery
as needed.)
2. Discharge test (30 minutes)
3. Load voltage test
4. Specific gravity
(b) Nickel-cadmium type
1. Charger test (replace battery
as needed.)
2. Discharge test (30 minutes)
3. Load voltage test
(c) Primary type (dry cell)
1. Load voltage test
(d) Sealed lead-acid type
1. Charger test (replace battery
within 5 years after
manufacture or more
frequently as needed.)
2. Discharge test (30 minutes)
3. Load voltage test
Batteries — Public Fire Alarm
—
X
X
—
—
—
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
6b
—
X
X
X
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
6c
—
X
X
—
X
—
X
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
6a
—
6d
—
X
X
X (daily)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Reporting Systems
Voltage tests in accordance
with Table 10.4.2.2, items
7(1)–(6)
(a) Lead-acid type
1. Charger test (replace battery
as needed.)
2. Discharge test (2 hours)
3. Load voltage test
4. Specific gravity
(b) Nickel-cadmium type
1. Charger test (replace battery
as needed.)
2. Discharge test (2 hours)
3. Load voltage test
(c) Sealed lead-acid type
1. Charger test (replace battery
within 5 years after
manufacture or more
frequently as needed.)
2. Discharge test (2 hours)
3. Load voltage test
Fiber-Optic Cable Power
Control Unit Trouble Signals
Conductors — Metallic
Conductors — Nonmetallic
Emergency Voice/Alarm
Communications Equipment
Retransmission Equipment
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
6b
—
X
X
X
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
6c
—
X
X
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
X
—
—
6d
—
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
X
X
—
—
X
—
—
12b
9
11
12
18
X
—
—
—
—
—
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
(The requirements of 10.4.7
shall apply.)
14. Remote Annunciators
15. Initiating Devices
(a) Duct detectors
(b) Electromechanical releasing
device
(c) Fire extinguishing system(s)
or suppression system(s)
switches
(d) Fire–gas and other detectors
(e) Heat detectors (The
requirements of 10.4.3.4
shall apply.)
(f) Fire alarm boxes
(g) Radiant energy fire
detectors
(h) System smoke detectors —
functional
(i) Smoke detectors —
sensitivity (The
requirements of 10.4.3.2
shall apply.)
(j) Single- and multiple-station
smoke alarms (The
requirements for monthly
testing in accordance with
10.4.4 shall also apply.)
(k) Single- and multiple-station
X
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
X
X
10
13
—
—
X
—
—
—
X
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
—
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
—
—
—
X
—
X
—
—
—
X
—
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
heat alarms
(l) Supervisory signal devices
(except valve tamper
switches)
(m) Waterflow devices
(n) Valve tamper switches
Guard’s Tour Equipment
Interface Equipment
Special Hazard Equipment
Alarm Notification Appliances
(a) Audible devices
(b) Audible textual notification
appliances
(c) Visible devices
Off-Premises Transmission
Equipment
Supervising Station Fire Alarm
Systems — Transmitters
(a) DACT
(b) DART
(c) McCulloh
(d) RAT
Special Procedures
Supervising Station Fire Alarm
Systems — Receivers
(a) DACR
(b) DARR
(c) McCulloh systems
X
—
X
—
—
—
X
X
X
X
X
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
X
—
X
X
—
—
—
19
15
14
—
—
X
X
—
—
—
X
—
—
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
16
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
21
17
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
(d) Two-way RF multiplex
(e) RASSR
(f) RARSR
(g) Private microwave
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
.
This list is not to be considered all inclusive. All requirements of applicable 2006 International Fire Code, NFPA standards and local, state and federal
requirements shall be complied with. Latest revision December 18, 2008.
—
—
—
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