Agilent E8267D PSG Vector Signal Generator
Agilent E8267D PSG
Vector Signal Generator
Data Sheet
The Agilent E8267D is a fully synthesized signal generator with high output power,
low phase noise, and I/Q modulation capability.
Specifications apply over a 0 to 55 °C range, unless otherwise stated, and
apply after a 45 minute warm-up time. Supplemental characteristics, denoted
as typical, nominal, or measured, provide additional (non-warranted) information
at 25 °C, which may be useful in the application of the product.
Definitions
Specifications (spec): Represents warranted performance for instruments with a
current calibration.
Typical (typ): Represents characteristic performance which is non-warranted.
Describes performance that will be met by a minimum of 80% of all products.
Nominal (nom): Represents characteristic performance which is non-warranted.
Represents the value of a parameter that is most likely to occur; the expected mean
or average.
Measured: Represents characteristic performance which is non-warranted.
Represents the value of a parameter measured on an instrument during design stage.
Table of Contents
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Step (digital) sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ramp (analog) sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Spectral purity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Frequency modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Phase modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Amplitude modulation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
External modulation inputs (Ext1 & Ext2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Internal modulation source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Wideband AM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Pulse modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Narrow pulse modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Internal pulse generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Simultaneous modulation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Vector modulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Wideband external I/Q inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Internal baseband generator: arbitrary waveform mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Internal baseband generator: real-time mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Remote programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
General specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Input/Output Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front panel connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear panel connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auxiliary I/O connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
26
27
28
Options, Accessories, and Related Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Web Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Related Agilent Literature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2
Specifications
Range1
Option 520
Option 532
Option 544
Resolution
CW
All sweep modes
Switching speed 3, 4
Frequency
250 kHz to 20 GHz
250 kHz to 31.8 GHz
250 kHz to 44 GHz
0.001 Hz
0.01 Hz2
< 16 ms (typ) with I/Q modulation off
< 24 ms (typ) with I/Q modulation on
Adjustable in nominal 0.1 ° increments
Phase offset
Frequency bands
Band
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Accuracy
Frequency range
N5
250 kHz to 250 MHz
1/8
> 250 to 500 MHz
1/16
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz
1/8
> 1 to 2 GHz
1/4
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
1/2
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
1
> 10 to 20 GHz
2
> 20 to 28.5 GHz
3
> 28.5 to 44 GHz
5
± aging rate ± temperature effects
± line voltage effects (nom)
Internal timebase reference oscillator
Aging rate
Temperature effects (typ)
Line voltage effects (typ)
External reference frequency
Lock range
Reference output
Frequency
Amplitude
External reference input
Amplitude
Option UNX
Input impedance
Step (digital) sweep
Operating modes
Sweep range
Frequency sweep
Amplitude sweep
Dwell time
Number of points
Triggering
Settling time
Frequency
Amplitude
Standard8
< ±3 x 10-8/year or
< ±2.5 x 10-10/day
after 30 days
< ±4.5 x 10-9 0 to 55 °C
< ±2 x 10-10 for
±10% change
10 MHz only
±1.0 ppm
Option UNX
< ±3 x10-8/year or
< ±2.5 x 10-10/day
after 30 days
< ±4.5 x 10-9 0 to 55 °C
< ±2 x 10-10
for ±10% change
10 MHz only
±1.0 ppm
10 MHz
> +4 dBm into 50 Ω load (typ)
5 dBm ±5 dB
5 dBm ±5 dB6
50 Ω (nom)
Step sweep of frequency or amplitude or both (start to stop)
List sweep of frequency or amplitude or both (arbitrary list)
Within instrument frequency range
Within attenuator hold range (see “Output” section)
1 ms to 60 s
2 to 65535 (step sweep)
2 to 1601 per table (list sweep)
Auto, external, single, or GPIB
< 8 ms7 (typ)
< 5 ms (typ)
1. Operational, but unspecified, down to 100 kHz.
2. In ramp sweep mode (Option 007), resolution is limited with narrow spans and slow sweep speeds. Refer to ramp sweep
specifications for more information.
3. Time from GPIB trigger to frequency within 0.1 ppm of final frequency above 250 MHz or within 100 Hz below 250 MHz.
4. Add 12 ms (typ) when switching from greater than 3.2 GHz to less than 3.2 GHz.
5. N is a factor used to help define certain specifications within the document.
6. To optimize phase noise 5 dBm ± 2 dB.
7. 19 ms (typ) when stepping from greater than 3.2 GHz to less than 3.2 GHz.
8. Standard performance applies to units with serial numbers ending with 48050000 or greater. For units with lower serial
numbers, refer to the data sheet shipped with the unit or the version of this document dated November 6, 2007.
3
Ramp (analog) sweep
1
(Option 007)
Operating modes
Sweep span range
Maximum sweep rate
Frequency accuracy
Sweep time
vals)
Manual mode
Resolution
Auto mode
• Synthesized frequency sweep
(start/stop), (center/span), (swept CW)
• Power (amplitude) sweep (start/stop)
• Manual sweep
RPG control between start and stop frequencies
• Alternate sweep
Alternates successive sweeps between current and
stored states
Settable from minimum2 to full range
Start frequency
Maximum sweep rate Max span for
100 ms sweep
250 kHz to < 0.5 GHz 25 MHz/ms
2.5 GHz
0.5 to < 1 GHz
50 MHz/ms
5 GHz
1 to < 2 GHz
100 MHz/ms
10 GHz
2 to < 3.2 GHz
200 MHz/ms
20 GHz
≥ 3.2 GHz
400 MHz/ms
40 GHz
± 0.05% of span ± timebase (at 100 ms sweep time, for
sweep spans less than maximum values given above)
Accuracy improves proportionally as sweep time increases3
(forward sweep, not including bandswitch and retrace inter-
Triggering
Markers
Display
Functions
Two-tone (master/slave)
measurements4
Settable 10 ms to 200 seconds
1 ms
Set to minimum value determined by maximum sweep
rate and 8757D setting
Auto, external, single, or GPIB
10 independent continuously variable frequency markers
Z-axis intensity or RF amplitude pulse
M1 to center, M1/M2 to start/stop, marker delta
Two PSGs can synchronously track each other, with
independent control of start/stop frequencies
Network analyzer compatibility Fully compatible with Agilent 8757D scalar
network analyzer5
Also useable with Agilent 8757A/C/E scalar network
analyzers for making basic swept measurements.6
1. During ramp sweep operation, AM, FM, phase modulation, and pulse modulation are useable but performance is not
specified; wideband AM and I/Q modulation are not useable.
2. Minimum settable sweep span is proportional to carrier frequency and sweep time. Actual sweep span may be slightly
different than desired setting for spans less than [0.00004% of carrier frequency or 140 Hz] x [sweep time in seconds].
Actual span will always be displayed correctly.
3. Typical accuracy for sweep times > 100 ms can be calculated from the equation: [(0.005% of span)/(sweep time in seconds)]
± timebase. Accuracy is not specified for sweep times < 100 ms.
4. For master/slave operation, use Agilent part number 8120-8806 master/slave interface cable.
5. When measuring low-pass devices in AC mode, dynamic range may be reduced up to 10 dB below 3.2 GHz. An external
highpass filter may be required to remove 27 kHz pulse source feed-through (11742A 45 MHz to 26.5 GHz blocking capacitor
recommended).
6. GPIB system interface is not supported with 8757A/C/E, only with 8757D. As a result, some features of the 8757A/C/E, such as
frequency display, pass-through mode, and alternate sweep, do not function with PSG signal generators.
4
Output
Power1,2 (dBm)
Frequency range
spec (typ)
Option 520
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
–130 to +13 (+16)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option UNW
–130 to +9 (+13)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option 1EH
–130 to +10 (+13)3
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Options UNW and 1EH –130 to +7 (+12)3
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
–130 to +18 (+23)4
> 10 to 20 GHz
–130 to +18 (+22)4
Options 532 and 544
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
–130 to +12 (+15)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option UNW
–130 to +8 (+12)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Option 1EH
–130 to +9 (+12)3
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz with Options UNW and 1EH –130 to +6 (+11)3
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
–130 to +14 (+21)4
> 10 to 20 GHz
–130 to +14 (+18)4
> 20 to 32 GHz
–130 to +14 (+18)5
> 32 to 40 GHz
–130 to +12 (+18)5
> 40 to 44 GHz
–130 to +10 (+13)5
Step attenuator6
0 to 115 dB in 5 dB steps
Maximum available power in CW mode (measured)
Option 544 output power (measured)
26
24
24
Power (dBm)
Power (dBm)
Option 520 output power (measured)
26
22
20
18
22
20
18
16
16
14
14
0
5000
10000
15000
Frequency (MHz)
20000
0
Attenuator hold range
Minimum
Amplitude switching speed7
ALC on or off (without power search)
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
40
44
Frequency (GHz)
From –15 dBm to maximum specified
output power with step attenuator in
0 dB position. Can be offset using step
attenuator.
< 3 ms (typ)
1. Maximum power specification is warranted from 15 to 35 ºC, and is typical from 0 to 15 ºC. Maximum power over the
35 to 55 ºC range typically degrades less than 2 dB unlessotherwise stated.
2. With I/Q modulation on, maximum power specification is typical. With external inputs enabled, √(I2 + Q2) > 0.2 Vrms.
3. With harmonic filters switched off. With filters on, maximum output power is reduced 3 dB for frequencies below 2 GHz.
4. With I/Q modulation on, maximum power specification is typically reduced 3 dB.
5. Maximum power over the 35 to 55 ºC range typically degrades less than 4 dB. With I/Q modulation on, maximum power
specification is typically reduced 5 dB.
6. The step attenuator provides coarse power attenuation to achieve low power levels. Fine power level adjustment is
provided by the ALC (Automatic Level Control) within the attenuator hold range.
7. To within 0.1 dB of final amplitude within one attenuator range. Add 10 to 50 ms when using power search.
5
Level accuracy1 (dB)
Frequency
> +10 dBm +10 to –10 dBm –10 to –70 dBm –70 to –90 dBm
250 kHz to 2 GHz
±0.6
±0.6
±0.7
±0.8
> 2 to 20 GHz
±0.8
±0.8
±0.9
±1.0
>20 to 32 GHz
±1.0
±0.9
±1.0
±1.7
> 32 to 44 GHz
±1.0
±0.9
±1.5
±2.0
CW level accuracy with I/Q modulation (With PRBS modulated data) (relative to CW)2
With ALC on:
QAM or QPSK formats3
± 0.2 dB
Constant-amplitude formats (FSK, GMSK, etc)
± 0.2 dB
With ALC off:4
± 0.2 dB (typ)
Level accuracy (measured)
Option 544 level accuracy at -110 dBm (measured)
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
Error (dB)
Error (dB)
Option 520 level accuracy at -110 dBm (measured)
0
5
10
15
20
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
0
4
8
12
Frequency (GHz)
Resolution
Temperature stability
User flatness correction
Number of points
Number of tables
Path loss
Entry modes
Output impedance
SWR (internally leveled)
250 kHz to 2 GHz
> 2 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz
Leveling modes
16
20
24
28
32
36
40
44
Frequency (GHz)
0.01 dB
0.01 dB/ °C (typ)5
2 to 1601 points/table
Up to 10,000, memory limited
Arbitrary, within attenuator range
Remote power meter 6, remote bus, manual
(user edit/view)
50 Ω (nom)
< 1.4:1 (typ)
< 1.6:1 (typ)
< 1.8:1 (typ)
Internal leveling, external detector leveling,
millimeter source module, ALC off
1. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes over the 15 to 35 ºC temperature range, with attenuator hold off
(normal operating mode). Degradation outside this range, for ALC power levels > –5 dBm, is typically < 0.3 dB. In ramp sweep
mode (with Option 007), specifications are typical. For instruments with Type-N connectors (Option 1ED), specifications are
degraded typically 0.2 dB above 18 GHz. Specifications do not apply above the maximum specified power.
2. If external inputs are used, specification applies with input level √(I2 + Q2) = 0.3 Vrms and I/Q modulator attenuation is
internally optimized based on input levels.
3. Measured with symbol rate > 10 kHz and power ≤ 0 dBm.
4. Relative to ALC on, after power search is executed. When applying external I/Q signals with ALC off, output level will vary
directly with I/Q input level.
5. Options 532 and 544: 0.02 dB/°C (typ) above 2 GHz.
6. Compatible with Agilent EPM Series (E4418B and E4419B) power meters.
6
External detector leveling
Range
–0.2 mV to –0.5 V (nom) (–36 dBm to +4 dBm using
Agilent 33330D/E detector)
Selectable 0.1 to 100 kHz (nom) (Note: not intended
for pulsed operation)
1/2 Watt, 0 VDC
Bandwidth
Maximum reverse power
Spectral purity
Harmonics1 (at +10 dBm or maximum specified output power, whichever is lower)
< 10 MHz
–28 dBc (typical below 1 MHz)
10 MHz to 2 GHz
–30 dBc2,3
10 MHz to 2 GHz (with Option 1EH filters on) –55 dBc4
> 2 GHz to 20 GHz
–55 dBc
> 20 GHz to 44 GHz
–45 dBc
Harmonics (measured)
Option 520 standard harmonics (measured)
Option 544 standard harmonics (measured)
-30
2nd harmonic (dBc)
0
-50
-60
-70
-80
-20
-40
-60
-80
-100
-120
0
2000
4000
6000
Frequency (MHz)
8000
10000
0
2
4
6
8 10 12 14 16
Carrier frequency (GHz)
18
20
22
Standard vs. Option 1EH harmonics (measured)
0
2nd harmonic (dBc)
Harmonics (dBc)
-40
-20
Standard
-40
-60
Option 1EH
-80
-100
0
500
1000
1500
2000
Carrier frequency (MHz)
1. Specifications are typical for harmonics beyond specified frequency range.
2. Specification applies to units with serial numbers ending with 45160000 or greater. For serial numbers below that, the
specification is –28 dBc.
3. Typical below 250 MHz if Option 1EH is installed and the filters are off.
4. In ramp sweep mode (Option 007), harmonics are –30 dBc below 250 MHz.
7
Sub-harmonics1
250 kHz to 10 GHz
> 10 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz to 44 GHz
Non-harmonics2
Frequency
250 kHz to 250 MHz
> 250 MHz to 1 GHz
> 1 to 2 GHz
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 28.5 GHz
> 28.5 to 44 GHz
SSB phase noise (CW)
Frequency
250 kHz to 250 MHz3
> 250 to 500 MHz3
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz3
> 1 to 2 GHz3
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
> 10 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 28.5 GHz
> 28.5 GHz
(At +10 dBm or maximum specified output
power, whichever is lower)
None
< –60 dBc
< –45 dBc
(dBc at +10 dBm or maximum specified output
power, whichever is lower, for offsets > 3 kHz
[> 300 Hz with Option UNX or UNR])
Spec
Typical
–65
–72 for > 10 kHz offsets
–80
–88
–74
–82
–68
–76
–62
–70
–56
–64
–52
–60
–48
–56
20 kHz offset from carrier (dBc/Hz)
Spec
Typical
–130
–134
–134
–138
–130
–134
–124
–128
–120
–124
–110
–113
–104
–108
–100
–104
–96
–100
1. Sub-harmonics are defined as Carrier Freq / N). Specifications are typical for sub-harmonics beyond specified frequency range.
2. Performance is typical for spurs at frequencies above the maximum operating frequency of the instrument. Specifications
apply for CW mode, without modulation. In ramp sweep mode (Option 007), performance is typical for offsets > 1 MHz.
3. Measured at +10 dBm or maximum specified output power, whichever is less.
8
Option UNX: Absolute SSB phase noise (CW)1
250 kHz to 250 MHz2
1 Hz
Spec (typ)
–58 (–66)
Offset from carrier and Phase Noise (dBc/Hz)
10 Hz
100 Hz
1 kHz
10 kHz
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
–87 (–94)
–104 (–120)
–121 (–128)
–128 (–132)
100 kHz
Spec (typ)
–130 (–133)
> 250 to 500 MHz2
–61 (–72)
–88 (–98)
–108 (–118)
–126 (–132)
–132 (–136)
–136 (–141)
Frequency
GHz2
–57 (–65)
–84 (–93)
–101 (–111)
–121 (–130)
–130 (–134)
–130 (–135)
GHz2
–51 (–58)
–79 (–86)
–96 (–106)
–115 (–124)
–124 (–129)
–124 (–129)
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
–46 (–54)
–74 (–82)
–92 (–102)
–111 (–120)
–120 (–124)
–120 (–124)
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
–37 (–44)
–65 (–72)
–81 (–92)
–101 (–109)
–110 (–114)
–110 (–115)
> 10 to 20 GHz
–31 (–38)
–59 (–66)
–75 (–87)
–95 (–106)
–104 (–107)
–104 (–109)
> 20 to 28.5 GHz
–25 (–34)
–56 (–62)
–72 (–83)
–92 (–102)
–100 (–103)
–100 (–105)
> 28.5 to 44 GHz
–20 (–30)
–51 (–58)
–68 (–77)
–88 (–97)
–96 (–99)
1
Option UNX: Residual SSB phase noise (CW)
Offset from carrier and Phase Noise (dBc/Hz)
Frequency
1 Hz
10 Hz
100 Hz
1 kHz
10 kHz
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
Spec (typ)
–96 (–101)
> 500 MHz to 1
> 1 to 2
250 kHz to 250 MHz2
> 250 to 500
MHz2
GHz2
100 kHz
Spec (typ)
(–94)
–100 (–107)
–110 (–118)
–120 (–126)
–128 (–132)
–130 (–133)
(–101)
–105 (–112)
–115 (–122)
–124 (–131)
–132 (–136)
–136 (–141)
(–94)
–100 (–107)
–110 (–118)
–120 (–126)
–130 (–134)
–130 (–134)
> 1 to 2 GHz2
(–89)
–96 (–101)
–104 (–112)
–114 (–120)
–124 (–129)
–124 (–129)
> 2 to 3.2 GHz
(–85)
–92 (–97)
–100 (–108)
–110 (–116)
–120 (–124)
–120 (–124)
> 3.2 to 10 GHz
(–74)
(–87)
(–98)
(–106)
(–114)
(–115)
> 500 MHz to 1
Residual FM
(RMS, 50 Hz to 15 kHz bandwidth)
CW mode
Option UNX
Ramp sweep mode
Broadband noise
> 2.4 to 20 GHz
> 20 GHz
< N x 8 Hz (typ)
< N x 4 Hz (typ)
< N x 1 kHz (typ)
(CW mode at +10 dBm or maximum specified output
power, whichever is lower, for offsets > 10 MHz)
< –148 dBc/Hz (typ)
< –141 dBc/Hz (typ)
1. Phase noise specifications are warranted from 15 to 35 °C.
2. Measured at +10 dBm or maximum specified power, whichever is less.
9
Measured phase noise with an Agilent E5500 phase noise measurement system and plotted without spurs
Standard phase noise with I/Q modulation on1,2
Standard phase noise2
Standard phase noise with
IQ modulation on (measured)
Standard absolute SSB phase noise (measured)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
44 GHz
31.8 GHz
20 GHz
10 GHz
1 GHz
10
100
1k
10 k
100 k
1M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M
100 M
44 GHz
31.8 GHz
20 GHz
10 GHz
1 GHz
10
100
44 GHz
31.8 GHz
20 GHz
10 GHz
1 GHz
10
100
10 M
100 M
Option UNX phase noise with
I/Q modulation on (measured)
Option UNX absolute SSB phase noise (measured)
1
1k
10 k
100 k
1M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
Option UNX phase noise with I/Q modulation on1
Option UNX phase noise
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M 100 M
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
44 GHz
31.8 GHz
20 GHz
10 GHz
1 GHz
1
10
100
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M 100 M
1. External I/Q input level √(I2 + Q2) = 250 mVrms, I/Q modulator attenuator set to auto.
2. Measured standard performance applies to units with serial numbers ending with 48050000 or greater. For units with lower
serial numbers, refer to the data sheet shipped with the unit or the version of this document dated November 6, 2007.
10
AM noise at 10 GHz
Option UNX phase noise
Option UNX residual phase noise (measured)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
10 GHz
3 GHz
1 GHz
1
10
100
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M 100 M
AM noise at 10 GHz (measured)
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
-160
-170
1
10
100
1k
10 k 100 k 1 M
L(f) (dBc/Hz) vs. f (Hz)
10 M 100 M
11
Measured RMS jitter:1
Standard
Carrier
SONET/SDH
frequency
data rates
155 MHz
155 MB/s
622 MHz
622 MB/s
2.488 GHz
2488 MB/s
9.953 GHz
9953 MB/s
39.812 GHz
39812 MB/s
Option UNX
Carrier
SONET/SDH
frequency
data rates
155 MHz
155 MB/s
622 MHz
622 MB/s
2.488 GHz
2488 MB/s
9.953 GHz
9953 MB/s
39.812 GHz
39812 MB/s
Frequency modulation
(Option UNT)
Maximum deviation2
RMS jitter
bandwidth
100 Hz to 1.5 MHz
1 kHz to 5 MHz
5 kHz to 20 MHz
10 kHz to 80 MHz
40 kHz to 320 MHz
Unit intervals
(µUI)
25
21
57
152
627
Time
(fs)
158
34
23
15
16
RMS jitter
bandwidth
100 Hz to 1.5 MHz
1 kHz to 5 MHz
5 kHz to 20 MHz
10 kHz to 80 MHz
40 kHz to 320 MHz
Unit intervals
(µUI)
23
19
56
152
626
Time
(fs)
151
30
22
15
16
Frequency
Maximum deviation
250 kHz to 250 MHz
2 MHz
> 250 to 500 MHz
1 MHz
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz
2 MHz
> 1 GHz to 2 GHz
4 MHz
> 2 GHz to 3.2 GHz
8 MHz
> 3.2 GHz to 10 GHz
16 MHz
> 10 GHz to 20 GHz
32 MHz
> 20 GHz to 28.5 GHz
48 MHz
> 28.5 GHz to 44 GHz
80 MHz
Resolution
0.1% of deviation or 1 Hz, whichever is greater
Deviation accuracy
< ±3.5% of FM deviation + 20 Hz
(1 kHz rate, deviations < N x 800 kHz)
Modulation frequency response3 (at 100 kHz deviation)
Path [coupling]
1 dB bandwidth
3 dB bandwidth (typ)
FM path 1 [DC]
DC to 100 kHz
DC to 10 MHz
FM path 2 [DC]
DC to 100 kHz
DC to 1 MHz
FM path 1 [AC]
20 Hz to 100 kHz
5 Hz to 10 MHz
FM path 2 [AC]
20 Hz to 100 kHz
5 Hz to 1 MHz
DC FM4 carrier offset
±0.1% of set deviation + (N x 8 Hz)
Distortion
< 1% (1 kHz rate, deviations < N x 800 kHz)
Sensitivity
±1 Vpeak for indicated deviation
Paths
FM1 and FM2 are summed internally for composite
modulation. Either path may be switched to any
one of the modulation sources: Ext1, Ext2, internal1,
internal2. The FM2 path is limited to a maximum
rate of 1 MHz. The FM2 path must be set to a
deviation less than FM1.
1. Calculated from phase noise performance in CW mode only at +10 dBm. For other frequencies, data rate, or bandwidths,
please contact your sales representative.
2. Through any combination of path1, path2, or path1 + path2.
3. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes. During ramp sweep operation (Option 007), 3 dB bandwidth is typically
50 kHz to 10 MHz (FM1 path), and 50 kHz to 1 MHz (FM2 path).
4. At the calibrated deviation and carrier frequency, within 5 °C of ambient temperature at time of user calibration.
12
Maximum deviation1
Phase modulation
(Option UNT)
Frequency
Normal BW mode
High BW mode
250 kHz to 250 MHz
20 rad
2 rad
> 250 to 500 MHz
10 rad
1 rad
> 500 MHz to 1 GHz
20 rad
2 rad
> 1 GHz to 2 GHz
40 rad
4 rad
> 2 GHz to 3.2 GHz
80 rad
8 rad
> 3.2 GHz to 10 GHz
160 rad
16 rad
> 10 GHz to 20 GHz
320 rad
32 rad
> 20 GHz to 28.5 GHz
480 rad
48 rad
> 28.5 GHz to 44 GHz
800 rad
80 rad
Resolution
0.1% of set deviation
Deviation accuracy
< ±5% of deviation + 0.01 radians (1 kHz rate, normal BW mode)
Modulation frequency response2
Normal BW mode
High BW mode
Rates (3 dB BW)
DC to 100 kHz
DC to 1MHz (typ)3
Distortion
< 1 % (1 kHz rate, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD),
dev < N x 80 rad, normal BW mode)
Sensitivity
±1 Vpeak for indicated deviation
Paths
ΦM1 and ΦM2 are summed internally for composite
modulation. Either path may be switched to any one of
the modulation sources: Ext1, Ext2, internal1, internal2.
The ΦM2 path must be set to a deviation less than ΦM1.
Amplitude modulation4
(Option UNT)
(typical)
Depth
Linear mode
Exponential (log) mode
(downward modulation only)
Maximum
ALC On
> 90%
> 20 dB
ALC Off with power search5 > 95%
> 40 dB
or ALC On with Deep AM6
Settable
0 to 100 %
0 to 40 dB
Resolution
0.1%
0.01 dB
Accuracy (1 kHz rate)
< ±(6 % of setting + 1 %)
< ±(2% of setting + 0.2 dB)
Ext sensitivity
±1 Vpeak for indicated depth
–1 Vpeak for indicated depth
Rates (3 dB bandwidth, 30% depth)
DC coupled
0 to 100 kHz
AC coupled
10 Hz to 100 kHz (useable to 1 MHz)
Distortion (1 kHz rate, linear mode, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD))
30% AM
< 1.5%
60% AM
<2%
Paths
AM1 and AM2 are summed internally for composite
modulation. Either path may be switched to any one of the
modulation sources: Ext1, Ext2, internal1, internal2.
1. Through any combination of path1, path2, or path1 + path2.
2. Specifications apply in CW and list/step sweep modes. During ramp sweep operation (Option 007), 3 dB bandwidth is
typically 50 kHz to 1 MHz (high BW mode).
3. Path 1 is useable to 4 MHz for external inputs less than 0.3 Vpeak.
4. AM specifications are typical. For carrier frequencies below 2 MHz, AM is useable but not specified. Unless otherwise stated,
specifications apply with ALC on and envelope peaks within ALC operating range (–15 dBm to maximum specified power,
excluding step attenuator setting).
5. ALC Off is used for narrow pulse modulation and/or high AM depths, with envelope peaks below ALC operating range.
Carrier power level will be accurate after a Power Search is executed.
6. ALC On with Deep AM provides high AM depths together with closed-loop internal leveling. This mode can be used with a
repetitive AM waveform (frequency > 10 Hz) with peaks > –5 dBm (nominal, excluding step-attenuator setting).
13
External modulation inputs
(Ext1 & Ext2)
(Option UNT)
Modulation types
Input impedance
High/low indicator
(100 Hz to 10 MHz BW,
ac coupled inputs only)
Internal modulation source
(Option UNT)
Dual function generators provide two independent signals (internal1 and internal2) for
use with AM, FM, ΦM, or LF Out.
Waveforms
Sine, square, positive ramp, negative ramp,
triangle, Gaussian noise, uniform noise, swept
sine, dual sine1
Rate range
Sine
0.5 Hz to 1 MHz
Square, ramp, triangle
0.5 Hz to 100 kHz
Resolution
0.5 Hz
Accuracy
Same as timebase
LF out
Output
Internal1 or internal2. Also provides monitoring
of internal1 or internal2 when used for AM, FM,
or ΦM.
Amplitude
0 to 3 Vpeak, into 50 Ω (nom)
Output impedance
50 Ω (nom)
Swept sine mode: (frequency, phase continuous)
Operating modes
Triggered or continuous sweeps
Frequency range
1 Hz to 1 MHz
Sweep rate
0.5 Hz to 100 kHz sweep/s, equivalent to
sweep
times 10 µs to 2 s
Resolution
0.5 Hz (0.5 sweep/s)
Wideband AM
Rate (typical 1 dB bandwidth)
ALC on
ALC off
External I input
Sensitivity
Input impedance
1. Internal2 is not available when using swept sine or dual sine modes.
14
AM, FM, and ΦM
50 or 600 Ω (nom), switched
Activated when input level error exceeds 3%
(nom)
1 kHz to 80 MHz
DC to 80 MHz
0.5 V = 100%
50 Ω (nom)
Pulse modulation1,2
(Option UNU)
Narrow pulse modulation1,2
(Option UNW)
On/Off ratio
Rise/Fall times (Tr, Tf)
Minimum pulse width
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with power search)
Repetition frequency
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with power search)
Level accuracy (relative to CW)
Internally leveled
Level hold (ALC off with power search)
Width compression
(RF width relative to video out)
Video feed-through3
Video delay (Ext input to video)
RF delay (video to RF output)
Pulse overshoot
Input level
Input impedance
500 MHz to 3.2 GHz
80 dB (typ)
100 ns (typ)
Above 3.2 GHz
80 dB
6 ns (typ)
2 µs
0.5 µs
1 µs
0.15 µs
10 Hz to 250 kHz
DC to 1 MHz
10 Hz to 500 kHz
DC to 3 MHz
±0.5 dB
±0.5 dB (typ)
±0.5 dB
±0.5 dB (typ)
±50 ns (typ)
< 200 mv (typ)
50 ns (nom)
270 ns (nom)
< 10% (typ)
+1 Vpeak = RF On
50 Ω (nom)
±5 ns (typ)
< 2 mv (typ)
50 ns (nom)
35 ns (nom)
< 10% (typ)
+1 Vpeak = RF On
50 Ω (nom)
10 MHz to 3.2 GHz
On/Off ratio
80 dB
Rise/Fall times (Tr, Tf)
10 ns (8 ns typ)
Minimum pulse width
Internally leveled:
1 µs
Level hold (ALC off with power search): 20 ns
Repetition frequency
Internally leveled:
10 Hz to 500 kHz
Level hold (ALC off with power search): DC to 5 MHz
Level accuracy (relative to CW)
Internally leveled
±0.5 dB
Level hold (ALC off with power search): ±1.3 dB (typ)
Above 3.2 GHz
80 dB
10 ns (6 ns typ)
1 µs
20 ns
10 Hz to 500 kHz
DC to 10 MHz
±0.5 dB (0.15 dB typ)
±0.5 dB (typ)
1. With ALC off, specifications apply after the execution of power search. Specifications apply with Atten Hold Off (default
mode), or ALC level between –5 and +10 dBm or maximum specified power, whichever is lower .
2. Power search is a calibration routine that improves level accuracy with ALC off. The instrument microprocessor momentarily
closes the ALC loop to find the modulator drive setting necessary to make the quiescent RF level equal to an entered value,
then opens the ALC loop while maintaining that modulator drive setting. When executing power search, RF power will be present
for typically 10-50 ms; the step attenuator can be set to automatically switch to maximum attenuation to protect sensitive
devices. Power search can be configured to operate either automatically or manually at the carrier frequency, or over a
user-definable frequency range.
3. With attenuator in 0 dB position. Video feed-through decreases with attenuator setting.
15
Width compression
(RF width relative to video out)
Video feed-through1
Video delay (Ext input to video)
RF delay (video to RF output)
Pulse overshoot
Input level
Input impedance
10 MHz to 3.2 GHz
Above 3.2 GHz
±5 ns (typ)
< 125 mv (typ)
50 ns (nom)
45 ns (nom)
< 15% (typ)
+1 Vpeak = RF On
50 Ω (nom)
±5 ns (typ)
< 2 mv (typ)
50 ns (nom)
35 ns (nom)
< 10% (typ)
+1 Vpeak = RF On
50 Ω (nom)
Measured pulse modulation envelope
Freq = 10 GHz, Amp = 10 dBM, ALC = Off, Pulse width = 50 ns
0
Internal pulse generator
(Option UNU or UNW)
10
20
30
40
50
60
Timebase (nsec)
Modes
Period (PRI) (Tp)
70
80
90
100
Free-run, triggered, triggered with delay, doublet,
and gated. Triggered with delay, doublet, and
gated modes require an external trigger source.
70 ns to 42 s
(Repetition frequency: 0.024 Hz to 14.28 MHz)
10 ns to 42 s
Pulse width (Tw)
Delay (Td)
Free-run mode
0 to ±42 s
Triggered with delay and doublet modes 75 ns to 42 s with ±10 ns jitter
Resolution
10 ns (width, delay, and PRI)
Td video delay (variable)
Sync
output
Tw video pulse width (variable)
Tp pulse period (variable)
Tm RF delay
Td
Video
output
50%
Trf RF pulse width
Tf RF pulse fall time
Tr RF pulse rise time
Vor pulse overshoot
Vf video feedthrough
Simultaneous modulation
50%
Tw
Tp
Tm
RF pulse
output
50%
10%
Vor
90%
Tr
Tf
All modulation types (FM, AM, ΦM, pulse. and I/Q) may be simultaneously enabled except:
FM with ΦM, linear AM with exponential AM, and wideband AM with I/Q. AM, FM, and
ΦM can sum simultaneous inputs from any two sources (Ext1, Ext2, internal1, or internal2).
Any given source (Ext1, Ext2, internal1, or internal2) may be routed to only one activated
modulation type.
1. With attenuator in 0 dB position. Video feed-through decreases with attenuator setting.
16
Vf
Trf
Vector modulation1
External I/Q inputs
Input impedance switched
50 or 600 Ω (nom)
Input range2
Minimum 0.1 Vrms, maximum 1Vpeak
Flatness
± 1 dB within ± 40 MHz of carrier (with ALC off) (typ)
I/Q frequency response3 (measured)
900 MHz
1.8 GHz
Carrier at 1.8 GHz (measured)
2
0
0
-2
-2
(dB)
(dB)
Carrier at 900 MHz (measured)
2
-4
-6
-4
-6
-8
-0.2
-0.15
-0.1
-0.05
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
-8
-0.2
0.2
Offset from Carrier (GHz)
2.4 GHz
-0.1 -0.05
0
0.05 0.1
Offset from Carrier (GHz)
0.15
0.2
38 GHz
Carrier at 2.4 GHz (measured)
Carrier at 38 GHz (measured)
2
5
0
0
-2
(dB)
(dB)
-0.15
-4
-5
-10
-6
-8
-0.2 -0.15 -0.1 -0.05
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
Offset from Carrier (GHz)
RF path filters
Carrier frequency
≤ 250 MHz
> 250 to 396 MHz
> 396 to 628 MHz
> 628 to 1000 MHz
> 1.0 to 1.5 GHz
-15
-0.2 -0.15 -0.1 -0.05 0
0.05 0.1
Offset from Carrier (GHz)
0.15
0.2
Nominal filter cutoff
300 MHz low-pass filter
220 to 420 MHz bandpass filter
350 to 650 MHz bandpass filter
1040 MHz low-pass filter
1.6 GHz low-pass filter
1. With Option 007, vector modulation is not useable in ramp sweep mode. With Option 1EH, specifications apply with filters off.
2. For optimum signal quality, the I and Q inputs should be 0.7 Vpeak, with √(I2 + Q2) + 150 mVrms. Different RMS levels are
accommodated by adjusting the internal I/Q modulator attenuator, which may be either manually or automatically set. The
minimum input level required to maintain RF level accuracy is √(I2 + Q2) = 0.1 Vrms.
3. Sine wave response, measured with input level = 100 mVrms on one channel, and ALC off. For carrier frequencies below
1.5 GHz, modulation frequency response within ± 150 MHz of carrier may be limited by RF chain filtering.
17
I/Q adjustments
I & Q offsets
External inputs (600 Ω): ± 5 Volts
External inputs (50 Ω): ± 50 %
Internal baseband generator: ± 50 %
0 to 40 dB
± 4 dB
± 10 ° range (typ)
Selectable 40 MHz or through path
I/Q attenuation
I/Q gain balance
I/Q quadrature skew
Low pass filter
I/Q baseband outputs
Differential
Single ended
Frequency range
Output voltage into 50 Ω
DC offset adjustments
DC offset resolution
Low pass filter
Wideband external
differential I/Q inputs1
(Option 016)
I/Q frequency response3
for frequencies < 3.2 GHz
(measured)
I, I, Q, Q
I, Q
DC to 40 MHz
1.5 Vpeak-to-peak (typ)
±3V
1 mV
Selectable 40 MHz or through path
RF output frequency range
Input
Input (baseband) frequency range
Input impedance
Recommended input level
Maximum input voltage
I/Q offset adjustments
I/Q quadrature skew
I/Q frequency response (measured)
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
3.2 to 44 GHz
DC to 130 MHz (nom)
50 Ω (nom)
–1 dBm
±1 VDC
±50%
±10 degrees
DC to 1.0 GHz 2
50 Ω (nom)
0 dBm (nom)
±1 VDC
±50%
±10 degrees (nom)
900 MHz
1087.5 GHz
Carrier at 900 MHz (measured)
8
RF filter In
RF filter Out
6
4
Carrier at 1087.5 MHz (measured)
8
6
4
2
2
dB 0
dB 0
–2
–2
–4
–4
–6
–6
–8
–0.2 –0.15 –0.1 –0.05 0
0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
–8
–0.2 –0.15 –0.1 –0.05 0
GHz from Carrier
0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
GHz from Carrier
2.4 GHz
1.8 GHz
Carrier at 1.8 GHz (measured)
Carrier at 2.4 GHz (measured)
8
8
6
6
4
4
2
2
dB 0
dB 0
–2
–2
–4
–4
–6
–6
–8
–0.2 –0.15 –0.1 –0.05 0
0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
GHz from Carrier
–8
–0.2 –0.15 –0.1 –0.05 0
0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
GHz from Carrier
1. With Option 007, vector IQ modulation is not useable in ramp sweep mode.
2. Modulation frequency response within ±1 GHz of the carrier frequency may be limited by the RF chain cutoff frequencies.
3. Sine wave response, measured with input level = 100 mVrms on one channel, and ALC off. For carrier frequencies below
1.5 GHz, modulation frequency response within ±150 MHz of carrier may be limited by RF chain filtering.
18
12 GHz
10 GHz
Carrier at 12 GHz (measured)
Carrier at 10 GHz (measured)
2.00
2.00
0.00
0.00
–2.00
–2.00
Amp (dB)
Amp (dB)
I/Q frequency response1
for frequencies > 3.2 GHz
(measured)
–4.00
–6.00
–4.00
–6.00
–8.00
–8.00
–10.00
–1000–800 –600 –400 200
0
–10.00
–1000–800 –600 –400 200
200 400 600 800 1000
Carrier at 20 GHz (measured)
Carrier at 15 GHz (measured)
2.00
2.00
0.00
0.00
–2.00
–2.00
Amp (dB)
Amp (dB)
200 400 600 800 1000
20 GHz
15 GHz
–4.00
–6.00
–4.00
–6.00
–8.00
–8.00
–10.00
–1000–800 –600 –400 200
0
200 400 600 800 1000
–10.00
–1000–800 –600 –400 200
RF path filters2
Carrier frequency
> 3.2 to 5 GHz
> 5 to 8 GHz
> 8 to 12.8 GHz
> 12.8 to 20 GHz
> 20 to 24 GHz
> 24 to 28.5 GHz
> 28.5 to 32 GHz
> 32 to 36 GHz
> 36 to 40 GHz
> 40 to 44 GHz
0
200 400 600 800 1000
Offset Freq (MHz)
Offset Freq (MHz)
Internal baseband generator:
arbitrary waveform mode
(Options 602)
0
Offset Freq (MHz)
Offset Freq (MHz)
Nominal filter cutoff frequencies
5.5 GHz low-pass filter
8.9 GHz low-pass filter
13.9 GHz low-pass filter
22.5 GHz low-pass filter
19.6 to 24.5 GHz band-pass filter
23.5 to 29.0 GHz band-pass filter
28.0 to 32.5 GHz band-pass filter
31.7 to 36.5 GHz band-pass filter
35.5 to 40.4 GHz band-pass filter
39.5 to 44.3 GHz band-pass filter
Channels
Resolution
Baseband waveform memory
Length (playback)
Option 602
Length (non-volatile storage)
Waveform segments
Segment length
Maximum number of segments
Minimum memory allocation
Waveform sequences
Sequencing
Maximum number of sequences
Maximum segments/sequence
Maximum segment repetitions
2 [I and Q]
16 bits [1/65,536]
64 megasamples (MSa/channel)
1.2 gigasamples (GSa) on 8 GB removable flash
memory (Option 009)
60 samples to 8 or 64 MSa
8,192 (Option 602)
256 samples or 1 kbyte blocks
Continuously repeating
16,384
32,768
65,536
1. Sine wave response, measured with input level = 100 mVrms on one channel, and ALC off. For carrier frequencies below 1.5 GHz,
modulation frequency response within ±150 MHz of carrier may be limited by RF chain filtering.
2. Modulation frequency response within ±1 GHz of the carrier frequency may be limited by the RF chain cutoff frequencies.
For operation near a filter edge, filters can be bypassed using sofware commands to increase modulation bandwidth.
19
Clock
Sample rate
Resolution
Accuracy
Reconstruction filter: [fixed]
Baseband spectral purity
[full scale sinewave]
Harmonic distortion
Phase noise
1 Hz to 100 MHz
0.001 Hz
Same as timebase +2–42 [in non-integer applications]
50 MHz [used for all symbol rates]
100 kHz to 2 MHz: < –65 dBc (typ)
< –127 dBc/Hz (typ) (baseband output of 10 MHz
sinewave at 20 kHz offset)
< –74 dB (typ)
IM performance
Triggers
Types
Continuous, single, gated, segment advance
Source
Trigger key, external, remote [LAN, GPIB, RS-232]
External polarity
Negative, positive
External delay time
10 ns to 40 s plus latency
External delay resolution
10 ns
Markers
(Markers are defined in a segment during the waveform generation process, or from the
PSG front panel. A marker can also be tied to the RF blanking feature of the PSG.)
Marker polarity
Negative, positive
Number of markers
4
Multicarrier
Number of carriers
Up to 100 (limited by a maximum bandwidth of 80 MHz
depending on symbol rate and modulation type)
Frequency offset (per carrier)
–40 MHz to +40 MHz
Power offset (per carrier)
0 dB to –40 dB
Modulation
Types
PSK
BPSK, QPSK, OQPSK, π/4 DQPSK, 8PSK, 16PSK, D8PSK
QAM
4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
FSK
Selectable: 2, 4, 8, 16
MSK
Data
Random ONLY
Multicarrier (measured)
4 Carriers with 64 QAM at 10 Msym/s
with 20 MHz spacing
Ref-4 dBm
Samp
Log
10
dB/
#Atten 6 dB
LgAv
10
W1 S2
S3 FC
(f):
#f>50K
#Swp
Center 20.000 00 GHz
Res BW 1.8 MHz
Multitone
Number of tones
Frequency spacing
Phase (per tone)
Power offset (per tone)
20
VBW 1.8 MHz
Span 200 MHz
Sweep 1 ms
2 to 64, with selectable on/off state per tone
100 Hz to 80 MHz
Fixed or random
0 to –40 dB
20 GHz multitone (measured)
Ref-4 dBm
Samp
Log
10
dB/
LgAv
10
W1 S2
S3 FC
#Atten 6 dB
20 GHz image rejection (measured)
Mkr1 -8.00 MHz
-59.104 dB
Ref-15 dBm
Norm
Log
10
dB/
Marker
-8.000000 MHz
-59.104 dB
LgAv
W1 S2
S3 FC
AA
£(f):
FTun
Swp
(f):
#f>50K
#Swp
VBW 180 kHz
◊Atten 2 dB
VBW 3 kHz
Span 80 MHz
Sweep 10.72 s (601 pts)
Span 20 MHz
Sweep 2.36 ms
44 GHz image rejection (measured)
44 GHz multitone (measured)
Ref-10 dBm
Samp
Log
10
dB/
∆ Mkr1 39.20 MHz
-48.84 dB
Marker ∆
39.200000 MHz
-48.48 dB
Center 20.000 00 GHz
◊Res BW 3 kHz
Center 20.000 00 GHz
Res BW 180 kHz
∆ Mkr1 -9.00 MHz
-53.585 dB
Marker ∆
LgAv -9.000000 MHz
10
-53.585 dB
W1 S2
S3 FC
Ref-10 dBm
Norm
Log
10
dB/
LgAv
W1 S2
S3 FC
£(f):
FTun
Swp
◊Atten 10 dB
∆ Mkr1 35.47 MHz
-48.69 dB
Marker ∆
35.470000 MHz
-48.69 dB
£(f):
FTun
Swp
Center 44.000 00 GHz
◊Res BW 180 kHz
VBW 180 kHz
Span 20 MHz
Sweep 2.36 ms (601 pts)
Two-tone
Frequency spacing
Alignment
IM distortion1
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
> 3.2 GHz to 20 GHz
> 20 to 40 GHz
> 40 to 44 GHz
Ref-4 dBm
Samp
Log
10
dB/
#Atten 6 dB
VBW 3 kHz
Span 80 MHz
Sweep 10.72 s (601 pts)
100 Hz to 80 MHz)
Left, centered, or right
< –45 dBc (typ)
< –55 dBc (typ)
< –50 dBc (typ)
< –45 dBc (typ)
Mkr1 -20.00 MHz
-62.275 dB
Ref -6 dBm
Norm
Log
10
dB/
Marker
-20.000000 MHz
-62.275 dB
◊Atten 4 dB
∆ Mkr1 -20.08 MHz
-54.714 dB
LgAv
10
W1 S2
S3 FC
(f):
#f>50K
#Swp
Center 20.000 00 GHz
Res BW 470 kHz
Center 44.000 00 GHz
◊Res BW 3 kHz
44 GHz two tone (measured)
20 GHz two tone (measured)
LgAv
10
W1 S2
S3 FC
◊Atten 10 dB
VBW 470 kHz
Span 50 MHz
Sweep 1 ms
£(f): Marker ∆
FTun -20.080000 MHz
Swp -54.714 dB
Center 44.000 00 GHz
◊Res BW 470 kHz
VBW 470 kHz
Span 50 MHz
Sweep 1 m s (601 pts)
1. RF power < 0 dBm (Option 520) or < –3 dBm (Option 532, 544). When external inputs are used, vector accuracy is
equivalent to internal performance after system calibration.
21
Internal baseband generator:
real-time mode
(Option 602)
Basic modulation types (custom format)
PSK
BPSK, QPSK, OQPSK, π/4 DQPSK, 8PSK,
16PSK, D8PSK
MSK
User-defined phase offset from 0 to 100 °
QAM
4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
FSK
Selectable: 2, 4, 8, 16 level symmetric, C4FM
User defined: Up to 16 custom deviation levels
Deviation resolution: 0.1 Hz
Symbol rate
Maximum deviation
< 5 MHz
4 times symbol rate
5 MHz to 50 MHz 20 MHz
User-defined I/Q
Custom map of 256 unique values
Vector accuracy1
Formats: BPSK, QPSK, 16-256 QAM (α = 0.3, root
Nyquist filter, symbol rate 4 Msym/s)
EVM (% RMS)
≤ 20 GHz
< 1.2%, < 0.8% (typ)
> 20 to 32 GHz
< 1.3% < 0.9% (typ)
> 32 to 44 GHz
< 1.4% < 0.9% (typ)
Origin offset
250 kHz to 3.2 GHz
–45 dBc (typ)
3.2 to 44 GHz
–50 dBc (typ)
EVM (measured)
3 GHz
6 GHz
12 GHz
28 GHz
38 GHz
44 GHz
0
10
3 GHz
20
30
EVM (%)
EVM (%)
QPSK (measured)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
40
50
Symbol Rate (Msymbol/sec)
FIR filter
Selectable
Custom FIR
Symbol rate
For external serial data:
For internally generated data:
16 QAM (measured)
4.5
4
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
3 GHz
6 GHz
12 GHz
28 GHz
38 GHz
44 GHz
0
10
3 GHz
20
30
40
Symbol Rate (Msymbol/sec)
50
Nyquist, root Nyquist, Gaussian, rectangular
α: 0 to 1, BbT: 0.1 to 1
16-bit resolution, up to 64 symbols long,
automatically resampled to 1024 coefficients (maximum)
> 32 to 64 symbol filter: symbol rate ≤ 12.5 MHz
> 16 to 32 symbol filter: symbol rate ≤ 25 MHz
Internal filters switch to 16 tap when symbol rate
is between 25 and 50 MHz
Adjustable from 1000 symbols/sec to a maximum
symbol rate of 50 Mbits/sec ÷ (#bits/symbol)
Adjustable from 1000 symbols/sec to
50 Msymbols/second and a maximum of 8 bits per
symbol. Modulation quality may be degraded at
high symbol rates.
1. Measured with Agilent 89441A vector signal analyzer. Valid after executing I/Q calibration, and instrument is maintained
within ±5 °C of calibration temperature. RF power < 0 dBm (Option 520) or < –3 dBm (Option 532, 544). When external inputs
are used, vector accuracy is equivalent to internal performance, after system calibration.
22
Baseband reference frequency
ence.
Input
Frame trigger delay control
Range
Resolution
Data types
Internally generated data
Pseudo-random patterns
Repeating sequence
Direct-pattern RAM [PRAM]
Max size
Use
User file
Max size
Use
Data clock can be phase locked to an external referECL, CMOS, TTL compatible, 50 Ω AC coupled
0 to 1,048,575 bits
1 bit
PN9, PN11, PN15, PN20, PN23
Any 4-bit sequence
Other fixed patterns
64 Mb (Option 602)
(each bit uses an entire sample space)
Non-standard framing
6.4 Mb (Option 602)
Continuous modulation or internally generated
TDMA standard
Externally generated data
Type
Inputs
Serial data
Data, data (bit) clock, symbol sync
Accepts data rates ±5% of specified data rate
Internal burst shape control
Varies with standards and bit rates
Rise/Fall time range
Up to 30 bits
Rise/Fall delay range
0 to 63.5 bits
Spectral re-growth (measured)
10 GHz carrier with 16 QAM signal at 10 Msym/s
Ref-12 dBm
Samp
Log
10
dB/
◊Atten 10 dB
∆ Mkr1 12.00 MHz
-64.622 dB
25 GHz carrier with 16 QAM signal at 10 Msym/s
Ref-10 dBm
Samp
Log
10
dB/
◊Atten 0 dB
Marker ∆
LgAv 12.000000 MHz
100
-64.622 dB
W1 S2
S3 FC
Marker ∆
LgAv -12.000000 MHz
100
-60.125 dB
W1 S2
S3 FC
£(f):
FTun
Swp
£(f):
FTun
Swp
Center 10.000 00 GHz
◊Res BW 470 kHz
VBW 470 kHz
Span 50 MHz
Sweep 1 ms (601 pts)
Center 25.000 00 GHz
◊Res BW 300 kHz
VBW 300 kHz
∆ Mkr1 -12.00 MHz
-60.125 dB
Span 50 MHz
Sweep 2.12 ms (601 pts)
23
Remote programming
Interfaces
Control languages
IEEE-488 functions
ISO compliant
Agilent IO Libraries
24
GPIB (IEEE-488.2,1987) with listen and talk, RS-232,
and 10BaseT LAN interface
SCPI version 1997.0. Completely code compatible with
previous PSG signal generator models:
• E8241A
• E8244A
• E8251A
• E8254A
• E8247C
• E8257C
The E8257D will emulate the applicable commands for the
following Agilent signal generators, providing general
compatibility with ATE systems:
• 8340-series (8340/41B)
• 8360-series (836xxB/L)
• 83700-series (837xxB)
• 8662A/63A
SH1, AH1, T6, TE0, L4, LE0, SR1, RL1, PP0, DC1, DT0, C0, E2
This family of signal generators is manufactured in an
ISO-9001 registered facility in concurrence with
Agilent Technologies’ commitment to quality.
Agilent’s IO Libraries Suite ships with the E8267D to
help you quickly establish an error-free connection
between your PC and instruments – regardless of the
vendor. It provides robust instrument control and works
with the software development environment you choose.
General specifications
Power requirements
100-120 V 50/60 Hz, 220-240 V 50/60 Hz
(automatically selected)
< 400 W typ 650 W maximum
Operating temperature range
0 to 55 °C1
1
Storage temperature range
–40 to 70 °C
With Option 005
–4 ° to 65 °C, gradient less than 20 °C/hour
Altitude
0 to 4600 m (15,00 ft)
Environmental Testing
Samples of this product have been type tested in
accordance with the Agilent Environmental Test Manual
and verified to be robust against the environmental
stresses of storage, transportation and end-use; those
stresses include but are not limited to temperature,
humidity, shock, vibration, altitude and power line
conditions. Test methods are aligned with IEC 60068-2
and levels are similar to MIL-PRF-28800F Class 3.2
EMC
Meets the conducted and radiated interference and
immunity requirements of IEC/EN 61326-1. Meets radiated
emission requirements of CISPR Pub 11/1997 Group 1 class A.
Storage
Memory is shared by instrument states, user data files,
sweep list files, and waveform sequences. There is 14 MB
of flash memory available in the E8267D PSG. With
Option 005 there is an additional 6 GB of storage, and
with option 009, there is an additional 8 GB of storage.
Depending on how the memory is utilized, a maximum
of 1000 instrument states can be saved.
Security
Display blanking
Memory clearing functions (See Application Note
“Security of Agilent Singal Generators Issues and
Solutions,” Literature Number, 5989-1091EN)
Compatibility
Agilent 83550 Series Millimeter Heads and OML
millimeter source modules
Agilent 8757D scalar network analyzers
Agilent EPM Series power meters
Self-test
Internal diagnostic routine tests most modules (including
microcircuits) in a preset condition. For each module,
if its node voltages are within acceptable limits, then
the module “passes” the test.
Weight
< 25 kg (54 lb.) net, < 33 kg (74 lb.) shipping
Dimensions
178 mm H x 426 mm W x 515 mm D
(7” H x 16.8” W x 20.3” D in.)
Recommended calibration cycle 24 months
1. Storage below –20 °C instrument states may be lost.
2. As is the case with all signal generation equipment, phase noise specifications are not warranted in a vibrating environment.
25
Input/Output Descriptions
Front panel connectors
(All connectors are BNC female unless
otherwise noted.)1
RF output
Option 520
Output impedance 50 Ω (nom)
Precision APC-3.5 male or precision Type-N female
with Option 1ED
Options 532 and 544
Precision 2.4 mm male; plus 2.4(f) - 2.4(f) mm and
2.4(f) - 2.9(f) mm adaptors
ALC input
Used for negative external detector leveling
Nominal input impedance 120 kΩ, damage level ±15 V.
LF output
Outputs the internally generated LF source. Nominal output
impedance 50 Ω.
External input 1
Drives either AM, FM, or ΦM. Nominal input impedance 50
or 600 Ω, damage levels are 5 Vrms and 10 Vpeak.
External input 2
Drives either AM, FM, or ΦM. Nominal input impedance 50
or 600 Ω, damage levels are 5 Vrms and 10 Vpeak.
Pulse/trigger gate input Accepts input signal for external fast pulse modulation.
Also accepts external trigger pulse input for internal pulse
modulation. Nominal impedance 50 Ω. Damage levels are
5 Vrms and 10 Vpeak.
Pulse video out
Outputs a signal that follows the RF output in all pulse modes.
TTL-level compatible, nominal source impedance 50 Ω.
Pulse sync out
Outputs a synchronizing pulse, nominally 50 ns width,
during internal and triggered pulse modulation. TTL-level
compatible, nominal source impedance 50 Ω.
Data clock input
Accepts a data clock signal to synchronize serial data for
use with internal baseband generator (Option 601 or 602).
Maximum rate 50 MHz. Damage levels are > +5.5 V and < –0.5 V.
Data input
Accepts serial data for use with internal baseband generator
(Option 601 or 602). Maximum rate 50 Mb/s. Data must be
valid on the falling edges of data clock (normal mode) or
the symbol sync (symbol mode). Damage levels are > +5.5 V
and < –0.5 V.
I input
Accepts an "I" input either for I/Q modulation or for
wideband AM. Nominal input impedance 50 or 600 Ω.
Damage levels are 1 Vrms and 5 Vpeak.
Q input
Accepts a "Q" input for I/Q modulation. Nominal input
impedance 50 or 600 Ω. Damage levels are 1 Vrms and 5 Vpeak.
Symbol sync input
Accepts symbol sync signal for use with internal baseband
generator (Option 601 or 602). Symbol sync might occur once
per symbol or be a single, one bit wide pulse to synchronize
the first bit of the first symbol. Maximum rate 50 MHz.
Damage levels are > +5.5 V and < –0.5 V.
1. Digital inputs and outputs are 3.3 V CMOS unless indicated. Otherwise, inputs will accept 5 V CMOS, 3 V CMOS or TTL voltage levels.
26
Rear panel connectors
(All connectors are BNC female unless
otherwise noted.)1
Auxiliary interface
(Dual mode)
GPIB
LAN
10 MHz input
10 MHz output
Sweep output (Dual mode)
Used for RS-232 serial communication and for master/slave
source synchronization. (9-pin D-subminiature female
connector) For master/slave operation, use Agilent part
number 8120-8806 master/slave interface cable.
Allows communication with compatible devices
Allows 10baseT LAN communication
Accepts an external reference (timebase) input (at 1, 2, 2.5, 5,
10 MHz for standard and 10 MHz only for Option UNX and UNR).
Nominal input impedance 50 Ω. Damage levels > +10 dBm.
Outputs internal or external reference signal. Nominal
output impedance 50 Ω. Nominal output power +4 dBm.
Supplies a voltage proportional to the RF power or frequency
sweep ranging from 0 volts at the start of sweep to +10 volts
(nom) at the end of sweep, regardless of sweep width.
During CW operation, supplies a voltage proportional
to the output frequency, +10 volts (nom) corresponding
to the maximum specified frequency.
When connected to an Agilent 8757D scalar network analyzer
(Option 007), generates a selectable number of equally
spaced 1 µs pulses (nom) across a ramp (analog) sweep.
Number of pulses can be set from 101 to 1601 by remote
control from the 8757D.
Stop sweep In/Out
Trigger output (dual mode)
Trigger input
Source module interface
Source settled
Z-axis Blank/Markers
10 MHz EFC
.25 – 3.2 GHz coherent
carrier output
Output impedance: < 1 Ω (nom), can drive 2000 Ω.
Open-collector, TTL-compatible input/output. In ramp sweep
operation, provides low level (nominally 0 V) during sweep
retrace and bandcross intervals, and high level during the
forward portion of the sweep. Sweep will stop when grounded
externally; sweep will resume when allowed to go high.
Outputs a TTL signal. High at start of dwell, or when waiting
for point trigger; low when dwell is over or point trigger is
received. In ramp sweep mode, provides 1601 equally-spaced
1 µs pulses (nom) across a ramp sweep. When using LF out,
provides 2 µs pulse at start of LF sweep.
Accepts 3.3 V CMOS signal for triggering point-to-point in
manual sweep mode, or to trigger start of LF sweep.
Damage levels ≥ +10 V or ≤ –4 V.
Provides bias, flatness correction, and leveling connections
to the Agilent model 83550 Series mm-wave source modules.
Provides an output trigger that indicates when the signal
generator has settled to a new frequency or power level.
High indicates source not settled, low indicates source settled.
During ramp sweep, supplies + 5 V (nom) level during
retrace and bandswitch intervals. Supplies – 5 V (nom)
level when the RF frequency is at a marker frequency.
(Option UNR/UNX only) Accepts an external DC voltage,
ranging from –5V to +5V, for electronic frequency control (EFC)
of the internal 10 MHz reference oscillator. This voltage
inversely tunes the oscillator about its center frequency
approximately –0.07 ppm/V. The nominal input impedance
is greater than 1 MΩ
Outputs RF signal modulated with FM or ΦM but not I/Q,
AM or pulse. Nominal power 0 dBm. Frequency range from
250 MHz to 3.2 GHz. Not useful for output frequency > 3.2 GHz.
Damage levels 20 VDC and 13 dBm reverse RF power.
(SMA female).
1. Digital inputs and outputs are 3.3 V CMOS unless indicated. Otherwise, inputs will accept 5 V CMOS, 3 V CMOS or TTL voltage levels.
27
Baseband generator
clock input
Burst gate input
Event 1 output
Event 2 output
I and Q outputs
I and Q outputs
Pattern trigger input
Wideband I and Q inputs
Removable flash memory
drive
Auxiliary I/O connector
(37-pin) used with Option 602
Alternate power input
Data clock output
Data output
Event 3 output
Event 4 output
Symbol sync output
28
Accepts a sine or square wave PECL clock input with a
frequency range of 200 MHz o 400 MHz (resulting in sample
rates of 50 MSa/s to 100 MSa/s). The recommended input
level is approximately 1 Vpeak-to-peak for a square wave and
0 dBm to 6 dBm for a sine wave. Allows the baseband
generators of multiple signal sources to run off same clock.
Accepts signal for gating burst power for use with internal
baseband generator (Option 601 or 602). The burst gating
is used when you are externally supplying data and clock
information. The input signal must be synchronized with
the external data input that will be output during the burst.
The burst power envelope and modulated data are internally
delayed and re-synchronized. The input signal must be
CMOS high for normal burst RF power or CW RF output
power and CMOS low for RF off. Damage levels are
> +5.5 V and < –0.5 V.
In real-time mode, outputs a pattern or frame synchronization
pulse for triggering or gating external equipment, for use
with internal baseband generator (Option 601 or 602). May
be set to start at the beginning of a pattern, frame, or
timeslot and is adjustable to within ± one timeslot with
one bit resolution. In arbitrary waveform mode, outputs a
timing signal generated by marker 1.
In real-time mode, outputs a data enable signal for gating
external equipment, for use with internal baseband generator
(Option 601 or 602). Applicable when external data is
clocked into internally generated timeslots. Data is enabled
when signal is low. In arbitrary waveform mode, outputs a
timing signal generated by marker 2.
Outputs the analog I/Q modulation signals from the internal
baseband generator. Nominal output impedance 50 Ω,
DC-coupled. Damage levels ±3.5 V.
Outputs the complement of the I and Q signals for differential
applications. Nominal output impedance 50 Ω, DC-coupled.
Damage levels ±3.5 V.
Accepts signal to trigger internal pattern or frame generator
to start single pattern output, for use with internal baseband
generator (Option 601 or 602). Minimum pulse width 100 ns.
Damage levels are > +5.5 V and < –0.5 V.
Direct differential high-bandwidth analog inputs to I/Q
modulator in 3.2 to 44 GHz range and useable for carriers
< 3.2 GHz.. Not calibrated. 0 dBm maximum.
(Option 016 only).
Accepts 8 GB compact flash memory card for optional
non-volatile memory (Option 009 only).
Accepts CMOS signal for synchronization of external data
and alternate power signal timing. Damage levels are
> +8 V and < –4V.
Relays a CMOS bit clock signal for synchronizing serial data.
Outputs data from the internal data generator or the
externally supplied signal at data input. CMOS signal.
In arbitrary waveform mode, outputs a timing signal generated
by marker 3. Damage levels > +8 V and < 4 V.
In arbitrary waveform mode, outputs a timing signal generated
by marker 4. Damage levels > +8 V and < 4 V.
Outputs CMOS symbol clock for symbol synchronization,
one data clock period wide.
Options, Accessories,
and Related Products
Model/option
E8267D-520
E8267D-532
E8267D-544
E8267D-602
E8267D-003
E8267D-004
E8267D-007
E8267D-0092
E8267D-016
E8267D-403
E8267D-SP1
E8267D-UNX
E8267D-UNT
E8267D-UNU
E8267D-UNW
E8267D-1ED
E8267D-1EH
E8267D-1EM
E8267D-SP2
N7620A
N7622A
N7619A
N7613A
N7620A
N7621B
N7623A
N7600B
N7601B
N7602B
N7615B
N7617B
E8267D-H1S
E8267D-H1G
E8267D-HCC
E8267D-1CN
E8267D-1CM
E8267D-1CP
E8267D-UK6
E8267D-CD1
E8267D-ABA
E8267D-0BW
N5102A
N5101A
N5110B
N5110B-194
N5110B-195
N5110B-130
N5110B-132
N5110B-134
Z5623A-Kxx
8120-8806
9211-2656
9211-7481
Description
Frequency range from 250 kHz to 20 GHz
Frequency range from 250 kHz to 31.8 GHz
Frequency range from 250 kHz to 44 GHz
Internal baseband generator, 64 MSa memory
PSG digital output connectivity with N5102A
PSG digital input connectivity with N5102A
Analog ramp sweep
8 GB removable flash memory
Wideband external I/Q inputs
Calibrated AWGN
Signal Studio for jitter injection
Ultra low phase noise
AM, FM, phase modulation, and LF output
Pulse modulation
Narrow pulse modulation
Type-N (f) RF output connector
Improved harmonics below 2 GHz
Moves all front panel connectors to the rear panel
Dynamic sequencing capability
Signal Studio for pulse building
Signal Studio Toolkit
Signal Studio for UWB
Signal Studio for 802.16-2004 Fixed WiMax
Signal Studio for pulse building
Signal Studio for multitone distortion testing
Signal Studio for DVB
Signal Studio for 3GPP W-CDMA
Signal Studio for cdma2000
Signal Studio for GSM/Edge
Signal Studio for 802.16 OFDMA mobile WiMax
Signal Studio for 802.11 WLAN
1 GHz external frequency reference input
Connections for phase coherency and improved phase
stability < 250 MHz
Connections for phase coherency > 250 MHz1
Front handle kit
Rackmount flange kit
Rackmount flange and front handle kit
Commercial calibration certificate and test data
CD-ROM containing the English documentation set
Printed copy of the English documentation set
Printed copy of the assembly-level service guide
Baseband Studio digital signal interface module
Baseband Studio PCI card
Baseband Studio for waveform capture and playback
Play waveform from Baseband Studio PCI card
Capture waveform to Baseband Studio PCI card
40 MSa/s sample rate
100 MSa/s sample rate
200 MSa/s sample rate
Distribution network (lock box)1
Master/slave interface cable
Transit case
Transit case with wheels
1. Utilized for multiple source phase coherency applications.
2. Option 009 applies to units with serial numbers ending with 48290000 or greater. For units with lower serial numbers,
refer to the data sheet shipped with the unit or the version of this document dated January 15, 2008.
29
Web Resources
For additional product information, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/psg
For information about renting,leasing or financing Agilent’s latest technology, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/buy/alternatives
For accessory information, visit:
www.agilent.com/find/accessories
For additional description of Agilent’s lO Libraries Suite features and installation
requirements, please go to:
www.agilent.com/find/iosuite/database
30
Related Agilent
Literature
E8267D PSG Vector Signal Generator
Configuration Guide, Literature number 5989-1326EN
E8257D PSG Analog Signal Generator
Data Sheet, Literature number 5989-0698EN
PSG Two-tone and Multitone Personalities
Application Note AN 1410, Literature number 5988-7689EN
Signal Studio for Noise Power Ratio
Technical Overview, Literature number 5988-9161EN
Signal Studio for Enhanced Multitone
Technical Overview, Literature number 5988-5639EN
Signal Studio for 802.11 WLAN
Technical Overview, Literature number 5988-8618EN
Baseband Studio Digital Signal Interface Module
Technical Overview, Literature number 5988-9495EN
Security of Agilent Signal Generators: Issues and Solutions
Literature number 5989-1091EN
31
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Revised: July 17, 2008
Product specifications and descriptions
in this document subject to change
without notice.
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2007, 2008
Printed in USA, July 28, 2008
5989-0697EN
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