ABB - Unitrol 1000 Automatic Voltage Regulator

ABB - Unitrol 1000 Automatic Voltage Regulator
UNITROL® 1000
Compact and powerful
Automatic voltage regulators
Product benefits
ABB is the world leading volume supplier of high
quality UNITROL automatic voltage regulators (AVR)
and static excitation systems (SES) that offers solutions
for any type and size of power plant with high return
on investment. UNITROL 1000 product family covers
low power range applications and sets with respect to
functionality, reliability and connectivity a new benchmark
for the global industry.
UNITROL 1000 provides compact and reliable solutions.
Various built-in control software functions, robust mechanical
and electrical design enable a wide range of applications.
Main features
–– Compact and robust AVR for excitation current up to 40 A
–– Separate communication and control processors
–– Wide range of built-in control software functions
–– Ethernet-based fieldbus interface
–– Wide range of power input voltage, for AC and DC input
–– Flexible and freely configurable measurements and
inputs / outputs (I/Os)
Wide range of applications
–– Land-based power plants based on diesel engines,
gas or steam turbines and hydro turbines
–– Marine: electrical propulsion and auxiliary supply
–– Traction: diesel electric locomotives
–– Wind: based on direct connected synchronous machines
–– Synchronous motors
2 UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB
Key benefits
++Stable and reliable control of your
machine
Highly integrated and robust AVR for harsh industrial
environment. Stable and accurate regulation even with
highly disturbed voltages.
++AVR for various applications
Fully configurable I/Os and measurement inputs and
user-specific configurable field bus interface enable
easy plant integration.
++Easy operation, monitoring and
maintenance of the system
Intuitive and user-friendly commissioning tool.
++Full support for grid codes
Built-in Power System Stabilizer (option), simulation models
and grid code studies available.
++Efficient product life cycle management
Extended life time of your assets with minimum costs.
++Professional technical help always
within your reach
ABB’s global excitation service network.
Portfolio
UNITROL 1020 and UNITROL 1010 are the latest products
of the UNITROL 1000 family. For most reliable operation,
the communication and control tasks are split in separate
controllers. The non-volatile flash memory of the AVR
stores events and data logs to enable fault analysis and
fast trouble shooting. Time synchronization is done over
Ethernet communication, and the events and data logs
are time-stamped.
UNITROL 1000 is provided with modern communication
ports like Ethernet and USB for connection of the PC-based
commissioning tool CMT1000. Besides it is possible to power
up the controller of the device via USB port. Thus the user
can download files or configure the device even when no
input power is available. AVR output stage is based on proven
IGBT technology, which allows AC and / or DC voltage inputs
from different sources.
UNITROL 1020 and UNITROL 1010 are designed for a wide
range of ambient temperature and harsh environmental
­conditions and can be mounted directly on the machine.
UNITROL ® product portfolio
Product family
UNL 14300
UNL 13300
UNITROL 6800
D5
UNITROL 6080
Static excitation system
D5
D2, D3, D4 Converter
UNITROL 6080
Static excitation system
D1, D2, D3, D4 Converter 16.67, 50 … 400 Hz
UNITROL 1020
UNITROL 1000
Automatic voltage regulator, thyristor type
PM40
Automatic voltage regulator, IGBT type
UNITROL 1010
3
10
20
40
400
100
800 1000
2000
4000
10000
Excitation current I EN [ADC ]
UNITROL
UNITROL1020
1020
UNITROL
UNITROL1020
1020
UNITROL
UNITROL1020
1020
Batt
Batt
SM
SM
EE
Single channel generator or motor excitation with PMG supply.
SM
SM
EE
Dual channel generator or motor excitation with ­compounding
and field flashing.
UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB 3
Overview
UNITROL 1020 combines high performance control and
power circuits with a simple mechanical design.
The construction provides a platform for a broad range of
small applications, including those in highly demanding
Polymer housing
Protects all live parts to
prevent electric shocks.
USB port
–– Connects the CMT1000
(commissioning and
maintenance tool)
–– Device configuration and
event and data upload
without any other power
supply
Indication LEDs
–– Green: Power ON,
blinking indicates software
is running
–– Yellow: Excitation ON,
blinking indicates limiter
is active
–– Red: Alarm, blinking
indicates start up error
Ethernet port
–– Connects the CMT1000
–– Remote access over
­M odbus TCP
environmental conditions. Furthermore, high levels of EMC
immunity is achieved through separation of the power and
measurement terminals from the I/O connectors.
Solid aluminium base plate
– – Robust mechanical design
allows use in high vibration
applications.
– – Can be mounted directly
within the machine
terminal box.
Power and measurement
terminals
– – Specified up to 30 A
continuous current and
max. cable up to 4 mm2
(AWG 24 –10)
– – Tension spring terminals
for reliable connection
– – Easy ­access over test
points
Local human interface
– – Intuitive local control panel
for indication of AVR
­status, active limiters
and ­measurements
– – Local control can be taken
over to change parameters
Analog and digital inputs
and outputs, serial fieldbus
Tension spring connectors
allow reliable wiring and fast
replacement.
4 UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB
Local human-machine interface provides immediate data
on AVR status.
The UNITROL 1000 family has freely configurable
measurement and analog or digital I/Os. The configuration
is done via the local human-machine interface or CMT1000
software.
Display
Shows default operation
mode, machine voltage and
exciter current
Power terminals
– – 3 phase excitation power input
– – 3 phase auxiliary power input (control power supply)
– – Excitation output
Softkey buttons
Functionality according to
the active menu
Measurement terminals
– – 3 phase machine voltage
– – 1 phase network voltage
– – 1 phase machine current
Arrows
Navigate through menu or
set parameters
Analog I/O
– – 2 outputs / 3 inputs (configurable)
– – +10 V / -10 V references output
Digital I/O
– – 4 inputs only (configurable)
– – 8 inputs / outputs (configurable)
– – 24 V output (600 mA) for external relay
Serial fieldbus
– – RS485 for Modbus RTU or VDC communication
– – CAN for dual channel communication
UNITROL 1010 is a compact device with limited
functionality and is designed for excitation currents up
to 10 A nominal. It supports the same interfaces and
has the same mechanical footprint as UNITROL 1020.
UNITROL 1000-PM40 is the power module that extends
the output current of the UNITROL 1020 up to 40 A.
UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB 5
Control software
Available software packages:
Software function
–– Limiters: Keeping synchronous machines in a safe and
stable operation area
–– Excitation current limiter (min. / max.)
–– PQ minimum limiter
–– Machine current limiter
–– V / Hz limiter
–– Machine voltage limiter
Rotating diode
monitoring
Input for closed
loop control
VDC mode
Dual channel / monitoring
FULL
Synchronization
(Configurable SW)
Event logger
FULL + PSS
Modbus TCP
(Configurable SW)
BASIC
Voltage matching
BASIC
BASIC
Soft start
FULL
–– Regulator control modes: Bumpless transfer between
all modes
–– Automatic voltage regulator (AVR)
–– Field current regulator (FCR)
–– Power factor regulator (PF)
–– Reactive power regulator (VAR)
UNITROL 1020
BASIC + SYNCHRONIZATION
Limiters
LIGHT
The LIGHT version covers essential functionality for cost
sensitive applications where limited software functionality is
required.
UNITROL 1010
AVR / FCR / PF / VAR
BASIC + SYNCHRONIZATION
LIGHT
LIGHT
The UNITROL 1000’s software has all the functions
necessary for modern excitation systems. ABB offers
three software-function packages out of the shelf.
Data logger
Real-time clock
OPTION
Power system
stabilizer (PSS)
–– Soft start
–– Voltage matching
BASIC
The BASIC version covers all functionality of LIGHT in
addition to the following:
FULL
The FULL version covers all functionality of BASIC in
addition to the following:
–– Modbus TCP
– – Synchronization: Fast and reliable built-in synchronizer.
–– Rotating diode monitoring
– – Event logger: Up to 500 events are stored in a ­­­
non-volatile memory.
–– Analog input to PID summing point for super imposed
regulator.
–– VDC mode: Reactive load sharing for up to 31 machines
in island operation.
–– Dual channel / monitoring: Enables the dual channel
operation based on self diagnostics and setpoint follow up
over CAN communication.
6 UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB
– – Data logger: A data log of 12 signals is saved automatically
in the ­­­­non-volatile memory.
– – Real-time clock: For accurate time stamped events and
data logs.
Power system stabilizer (PSS)
The FULL software version can be complemented with the
power system stabilizer function. Compliant with the standard
IEEE 421.5-2005 2A / 2B, the PSS improves the stability of
the generator over the highest possible operation range.
Commissioning and maintenance
tool CMT1000
CMT1000 is a commissioning and maintenance tool
for the UNITROL 1000 product family. The tool is used to
setup all parameters and tune the PID to guarantee stable
operation. The CMT1000 software allows an extensive
supervision of the system, which helps the user to identify
and locate problems during on-site commissioning.
The CMT1000 is connected to the UNITROL 1000 via
USB or Ethernet port, where Ethernet connection allows
remote access over 100 meters.
Main window
–– Indication of access mode
and device information.
–– Change of parameter is
only possible in CONTROL
access mode.
–– LED symbol indicates that
all parameters are stored
on non-volatile memory.
Oscilloscope
– – 6 signals can be selected
out of 20 recorded
channels.
– – The time resolution is
50 ms.
– – Files can be saved to PC
for further investigation.
Setpoint adjust window
– – Overview of all control
modes, alarms, generator
and active limiters status.
– – Set point adjustment and
application of steps for
tuning of the PID.
Measurement
– – All measurements on
one screen.
UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB 7
Technical data and order codes
UNITROL 1010 / UNITROL 1020
Power electronic input
Environmental data
AC input voltage 3-phase (max., sinusoidal)
0 to 300 VAC
Permissible ambient temperature
-40 to 70 °C
DC input voltage (max.)
0 to 420 VDC
Maximum heat sink temperature
90 °C
Max. peak input voltage (not sinusoidal)
420 VP
Mechanical stability
Voltage regulation
Vibration, IEC 60068-2-6
DNV class B
Accuracy at 25 °C
0.2 %
Shock and bump, IEC 60255-21-2
Class 2
AVR response time (3-phase meas.)
< 20 ms
Seismic, IEC 60255-21-3
Class 2
AVR response time (1-phase meas.)
< 50 ms
EMC standards
PWM limitation
0.5 to 99 %
Generic immunity standard EN 61000-6-2
Excitation output UNITROL 1020
Continuous output current (40 °C)
Generic emission standard IEC 61000-6-4
20 ADC
Certifications
CE certification
(55 °C requires an external capacitor)
Continuous output current (55 °C)
15 ADC
cUL certifications according
Overload current for 10 sec. (55 °C)
40 ADC
UL 508c (compliant with CSA)
Excitation output UNITROL 1010
DNV certification according class B
Continuous output current (55 °C)
10 ADC
Overload current for 10 sec. (55 °C)
20ADC
Auxiliary supply (controller) input
AC input voltage 3-phase (max., sinusoidal)
9 to 300 VAC
AC input voltage 1-phase (max., sinusoidal)
16 to 300 VAC
DC input voltage (max.)
18 to 420 VDC
Max. peak input voltage (not sinusoidal)
420 VP
Exciter current measurements
Full range
0 to 40 A
Accuracy
< 1 %
Resolution
< 100 mA
Measurements
UNITROL 1000-PM40
Power electronic input
AC input voltage 3-phase (max.)
0 to 250 VAC
DC input voltage (max.)
0 to 300 VDC
Absolute max. peak input voltage
350 VP
Excitation output UNITROL 1000-PM40
Continuous output current (55° C)
40 ADC
Overload current for 10 sec. (55° C)
80 A
Order codes
Machine voltage, 1, 2 or 3 phase
up to 500 VAC
Machine current, 1 phase
1 to 5 AAX
Network voltage, 1 phase
up to 500 VAC
UNITROL 1010-0002 LIGHT
3BHE035301R0002
Frequency range
10 to 150 Hz
UNITROL 1010-0003 BASIC
3BHE035301R0003
Accuracy
< ± 1 %
UNITROL 1010-0004 BASIC + SYNC
3BHE035301R0004
UNITROL 1010
UNITROL 1020
24 V digital I/O, 4 inputs, 8 I/Os
Digital input impedance
< 2 kΩ
UNITROL 1020-0003 BASIC
3BHE030579R0003
Digital input threshold (low / high)
5 V / 13 V
UNITROL 1020-0004 BASIC + SYNC
3BHE030579R0004
Digital output, max. output current
150 mA
UNITROL 1020-0006 FULL
3BHE030579R0006
UNITROL 1020-0007 FULL + PSS
3BHE030579R0007
±10 V analog I/O, 3 inputs, 2 outputs
Analog inputs impedance
< 240 kΩ
UNITROL 1000-PM40
Analog output impedance
100 Ω
UNITROL 1000-PM40
Ethernet (cable length < 100 m)
10 / 100 MBit/s
Devices are shipped with a CD containing a CMT1000 commissioning
USB version (cable length < 3 m)
1.0; 1.1; 2.0
and maintenance tool, a production test certificate and manuals.
RS485 data rate (cable length < 500 m)
Configurable
CAN (cable length < 3 m)
Only for connections
3BHE015411R0001
Communication interfaces
between UNITROL 1000
devices
(UNITROL 1000-PM40 or
dual channel configuration)
8 UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB
Mechanical dimensions
UNITROL 1020
Front view
Top view
UNITROL 1010
Front view
Top view
UNITROL 1000-PM40
Front view
Top view
UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB 9
Grid codes and UNITROL 1000 systems
Grid codes
Built-in power system stabilizer and fast detection of voltage
dips are prerequisites to meet any grid codes.
1.20
ABB provides detailed computer representation of internal
control algorithm and IEEE models for system simulations.
0.80
In
––
––
––
addition, ABB provides several levels of service:
Calculation of PSS parameter
Simulations of reference step responses
Stability simulations for various different network conditions
ABB provides detailed questionnaires and provides results
in a report.
1.00
0.60
0.40
0.20
0
0
1.00
2.00
3.00
G1: Terminal voltage in p.u.
NO: Network voltage profile, magnitude in p.u.
Example of fault ride through defined grid code. ABB offers grid code
compliant studies in order to prove stability under all circumstances.
UNITROL 1000 systems
ABB provides over 100 years of experience in building project
specific engineered systems for any applications.
ABB offers various systems depending on the need of
the customer:
–– Single channel systems
–– Dual channel systems
–– Mounting on a plate or in a cubicle
Systems include protection breaker and exciter field breaker.
They are fully tested in the ABB factory and AVR setting can
be ordered preset.
Ask our expert for more information about:
–– Variable speed applications
–– Multiple power input sources
–– Synchronization of your machine
–– I/O extension with external programmable logic controller
over field bus
3D model of dual-channel system on a mounting plate.
10 UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB
Service and support
For life cycle management or technical support, the
worldwide network of UNITROL specialists is at your
service.
Installation and commissioning
The professionalism, extensive experience and multilingual
skills of ABB’s engineers ensure a satisfactory installation and
commissioning.
Training
ABB university offers standard and customized training ­­
cours­es for UNITROL excitation systems. On-site training
options are also available. For a detailed training program,
visit www.abb.com/abbuniversity
e-Learning
With the UNITROL 1000 interactive e-learning program you
­d ecide where and when you learn. The program covers­
­g eneral excitation knowledge as well as detailed product
handling know-how.
UNITROL 1000 global support organization
A team of qualified engineers located in different ABB
­organizations worldwide are ready to support you with your
most challenging enquiries and application requirements.
Life cycle management
ABB’s excitation systems life cycle management model helps
the customers to extend and maximize the life cycle of their
assets at minimum costs. Depending on the product’s life
cycle phase, the service specialists recommend necessary
actions and approach the clients pro-actively to inform them
on all maintenance, service and upgrade necessities.
Examples of life cycle services:
– – Technical support for optimized reliability
– – Spare parts delivery
– – Preventive and corrective maintenance
– – Upgrade and modernization
For urgent technical assistance,
please call the hotline:
+41 (0)844 845 845
(365 days / 24 hours)
or contact ABB by e-mail:
[email protected]
UNITROL® 1000 automatic voltage regulators | ABB 11
ABB Switzerland Ltd
Static Excitation Systems, Voltage
Regulators and Synchronizing Equipment
CH-5300 Turgi, Switzerland
Phone: +41 (0)58 589 24 86
Fax: +41 (0)58 589 23 33
E-Mail: [email protected]
www.abb.com/unitrol
© Copyright 2013 ABB. All rights
reserved. Specifications subject to
change without notice.
3BHS353843 E01 Rev. B | Printed in Switzerland, 2013
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