VMware
vSphere 5
Licensing, Pricing and Packaging
W H ITE PA P E R
VMware vSphere 5
Table of Contents
Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
VMware vSphere Licensing Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
VMware vSphere 5 Licensing: Per-Processor with vRAM Entitlements . . . . 3
Licensing Unit: Per Processor (CPU). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
No Limits on Physical Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
vRAM Entitlements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
vRAM per VM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Compliance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Increasing the Pooled vRAM Capacity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Monitoring of Pooled vRAM Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Why a Change Was Necessary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Licensing vSphere 5 for virtual desktops deployments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
License Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Centralized Licensing with No Single Point of Failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Decentralized Licensing Option. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Licensing Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
VMware vSphere and vCenter Server Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
VMware vSphere Editions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
VMware vSphere Hypervisor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
VMware vSphere Desktop. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
VMware vSphere Kits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
vCenter Server Editions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Upgrade Entitlements for Existing Customers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Upgrading Between VMware vSphere 5 Editions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
FAQ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
How to Buy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Learn More. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
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VMware vSphere 5
Executive Summary
VMware® vSphere® is the industry-leading virtualization platform
for building cloud infrastructures. VMware vSphere accelerates
the shift to cloud computing for existing datacenters. It also
underpins compatible public cloud offerings, paving the way
for the industry’s only hybrid cloud model.
With the introduction of VMware vSphere 5, VMware is evolving
the product’s licensing model to give customers the opportunity
to move to a more cloud-like, “pay for consumption” approach to
IT. The changes lay the foundation for a more modern IT cost model
that is based on consumption and value rather than components
and capacity.
The new vSphere licensing model continues to be based on processor
licenses and eliminates the restrictive physical entitlements of CPU
cores and physical RAM per server, replacing them with a single
virtualization-based entitlement of pooled virtual memory (vRAM).
VMware vSphere Licensing
Overview
In this chapter we will review the details of the new vSphere 5
licensing model.
VMware vSphere 5 Licensing: Per-Processor with
vRAM Entitlements
VMware vSphere 5 is licensed on a per-processor basis with a
vRAM entitlement. Each VMware vSphere 5 processor license
comes with an entitlement to a certain amount of vRAM capacity,
or memory configured to virtual machines. Unlike in vSphere 4.x
where core and physical RAM entitlements are tied to a server
and cannot be shared among multiple hosts, the vRAM entitlements
of vSphere 5 licenses are pooled, i.e. aggregated, across all vSphere
servers managed by a vCenter Server instance or multiple vCenter
Servers instances in Linked Mode.
Licensing Unit: Per Processor (CPU)
Like VMware Sphere 4.x, VMware vSphere 5 is licensed on a perprocessor basis. Each physical processor (CPU) in a server needs to
have a least one vSphere 5 processor license key assigned to be able
to run vSphere. vSphere 5 license keys can be purchased, deployed
and managed in the same way they were with vSphere 4.x.
No Limits on Physical Resources
VMware vSphere 5 licensing removes all restrictions on physical
cores and physical RAM. This change eliminates barriers to deploying
VMware vSphere on new multicore server configurations, improving
customers’ ability to choose server hardware that best meets
their requirements.
vRAM Entitlements
Each vSphere 5 license provides a vRAM capacity entitlement.
vRAM is defined as the memory configured to a virtual machine.
When a virtual machine is created, it is configured with a certain
amount of memory (vRAM) available to the virtual machine.
The vRAM entitlements of VMware vSphere processor licenses
are pooled—that is, aggregated—across all CPU licenses managed
by a VMware vCenter instance (or multiple linked VMware
vCenter instances) to form a total available vRAM capacity
(pooled vRAM capacity).
There are no restrictions on how vRAM is configured across virtual
machines and CPUs. At any given point in time, the amount of vRAM
configured by powered on virtual machines on a CPU could exceed
the base entitlement of the VMware vSphere 5 license assigned to
that CPU. There are also no restrictions on how many VMs can be
run in a pool. As long as the total configured vRAM across all virtual
machines managed by a VMware vCenter instance or multiple linked
VMware vCenter instances is less than or equal to the total available
vRAM, VMware vSphere is correctly licensed.
vRAM per VM
When a virtual machine is powered on, the vRAM configured to that
virtual machine counts against the pooled vRAM capacity up to a
maximum of 96GB (i.e. a virtual machine with 128GB of configured
vRAM will only use 96GB from the pooled vRAM capacity). All
powered on VMs, including virtual appliances or service VMs created
by vSphere features or solutions running on vSphere, count against
the vRAM pool capacity in the amount equal to their configured
vRAM up to a maximum of 96GB.
Compliance
To maintain licensing compliance, at any given point in time the
following conditions must be met:
•Each active physical processor (CPU) must have at least one
license assigned
•The 365-day moving average of daily high watermark of vRAM
configured to all powered-on virtual machines in aggregate
cannot exceed the pooled vRAM capacity. This is the same
algorithm used for VMware’s management products licensed
on a per VM basis.
Customers must purchase vSphere licenses in advance of use.
Increasing the Pooled vRAM Capacity
If necessary, the easiest way to expand pooled vRAM capacity is
to add more VMware vSphere CPU licenses of the same edition
to the vRAM pool. Alternatively, customers can upgrade all CPU
licenses in the vRAM pool to a VMware vSphere edition with a
higher vRAM entitlement.
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
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VMware vSphere 5
Monitoring of Pooled vRAM Capacity
Available and configured vRAM capacity can be monitored and
managed using the licensing-management module of VMware
vCenter Server. Customers can create reports and set up alerts to
obtain automated notification of when the level of vRAM used
surpasses a specified level of the available pooled capacity.
Why a Change Was Necessary
With the modification to vSphere licensing, we accomplish
two objectives:
Figure 1 shows a comparison between the VMware vSphere 4.x and
VMware vSphere 5 licensing models.
VMware vSphere 4.1
and prior
Per CPU with Core and
Physical Memory Limits
Licensing Unit
CPU
=
CPU
SnS Unit
CPU
=
CPU
Core per proc
Restrictions by vSphere
editions
- 6 cores for Standard
and Enterprise, ESS,
ESS+
- 12 core for Advanced
and Ent. Plus
<
Unlimited
Physical RAM
Capacity per host
Restrictions by vSphere
edition
- 256GB for Standard,
Advanced and
Enterprise, ESS, ESS+
- Unlimited for
Enterprise Plus
<
Unlimited
=
Entitlement by
vSphere edition
- 32GB vRAM for
Essentials Kit
- 32GB vRAM for
Essentials Plus Kit
- 32GB vRAM for
Standard
- 64GB vRAM for
Enterprise
- 96GB vRAM for
Enterprise Plus
<
YES - vRAM
entitlements are pooled
among vSphere hosts
managed by a vCenter
or linked vCenter
instance
96GB - a powered on
VM will count for a
maximum of 96GB
against the pool
regardless of its actual
configured amount
•Free customers from restrictive hardware-based entitlements
•Align the vSphere licensing model with IT as a service
To understand reasons for the change, we should first examine the
legacy VMware vSphere model. VMware vSphere 4.x is licensed on
a per-physical-processor (CPU) basis with limits on:
•The number of physical cores per CPU
•Physical RAM capacity per server
Significant innovations in hardware design—such as CPUs with
ever-larger number of cores, high-density memory chips, solidstate drives and hyperthreading—were causing the hardware
limits in VMware vSphere 4.x licensing to become outdated. In
the 24 months since the release of VMware vSphere 4.0, multicore
capacity of x86 CPUs grew from 2–4 cores per CPU to 8–12 per
CPU. Processor manufacturers have announced plans to introduce
CPUs that will exceed 12 cores. CPU manufacturers have introduced
or plan to introduce technologies—such as hyperthreading—that
work at the subcore level and increase processing power by
improving parallelization of computations. Similar growth and
innovation trends are also happening on the memory side, with
RAM chip density growing from 4GB per DIMM to 8GB and 16GB
per DIMM and new types of memory technologies—such as solidstate-drive (SSD)—becoming mainstream. This innovation trend
in server hardware technologies is rapidly making the hardware
restrictions of VMware vSphere 4.x licenses outdated posing
difficulties for customers to plan future investments in
infrastructure and virtualization.
VMware vSphere 5.0
and later
Per CPU with vRAM
Entitlements
vRAM entitlement
per proc
Pooling of
entitlements
Not applicable
Not applicable
Max amount of
vRAM per VM
counted
Not applicable
<
Compliance
policies
• Purchase in advance
of use
• High Watermark
=
Monitoring tool
Not applicable
=
• Purchase in advance
of use
• 12 months rolling
average of daily
high watermark
YES - built-into vCenter
Server 5.0
Figure 1. vSphere 4.x vs. vSphere 5 Licensing Comparison
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
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VMware vSphere 5
Licensing vSphere 5 for virtual desktops deployments
Licensing Example
VMware introduced a new vSphere edition, vSphere Desktop,
specifically designed for licensing vSphere when used to run VDI.
vSphere Desktop is not subject to vSphere 5 licensing with pooled
vRAM entitlements. It can only be used as virtualization platform
for VDI deployments with either VMware View or other third
party connection brokers. For more details see next chapter.
In this section we will go over the key elements of VMware
vSphere 5 licensing using an example.
License Management
VMware vSphere 5 licenses are still simple license keys (25-character
alphanumeric strings) that contain encrypted information about
the VMware vSphere edition or kit purchased and the processor
quantity. These license keys do not contain any server-specific
information and are not tied to a specific piece of hardware. This
means that the same license key can be assigned to multiple VMware
vSphere hosts, as long as the sum of physical processors on those
hosts does not exceed the encoded license quantity in the license key.
Centralized Licensing with No Single Point of Failure
VMware vCenter Server is the recommended interface for license
assignment to VMware vSphere hosts. When a license key is assigned
by VMware vCenter Server, it is copied to the host and saved in a
persistent format. If the host becomes disconnected from VMware
vCenter Server, the license key remains active on the host indefinitely,
even after a host reboot. Only a deliberate licensing operation by
the user can remove or replace a host license key.
Decentralized Licensing Option
Although VMware recommends that customers assign all
VMware vSphere licenses centrally through VMware vCenter
Server, customers also have the option to assign their license
keys directly to individual hosts. There is no difference between
directly and centrally assigned license keys. When a VMware
vSphere host is added to the VMware vCenter Server inventory,
any license key already on the host will become available for
management, reporting and assignment in VMware vCenter
Server, just like any license key added directly via VMware
vCenter Server. For more information on VMware vSphere
licensing, visit http://www.vmware.com/support/licensing.html.
Licensing new hosts with vSphere 5
For this example, a user has two 2-CPU (each with 6 cores) hosts
with 128GB of physical RAM each that they wish to license with
VMware vSphere Enterprise edition. Each physical CPU requires
a license, so a minimum of four VMware vSphere 5 Enterprise
licenses are required. Each VMware vSphere 5 Enterprise license
provides a vRAM entitlement of 64GB. This means that with 4 vSphere
Enterprise licenses the user creates a vRAM pool of 4 x 64GB = 256GB
So far the user has not created any virtual machines, so he has not
configured any capacity of the vRAM pool.
Hosts
2
CPUs
4
VMware vSphere licenses
4 (Enterprise Edition)
vRAM capacity
256GB (4 licenses x 64GB/license)
vRAM used
0GB
Pooling allows DRS and vMotion across hosts
Next, the user starts to create virtual machines. The user creates
50 virtual machines each having 4GB of vRAM, and plans to deploy
them across the two hosts (~12 virtual machines per CPUs). Both
hosts are in the same vRAM pool as they are connected to the same
vCenter Server and are running the same VMware vSphere edition.
This vRAM pool allows VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler
(DRS) and VMware vMotion to move the virtual machines between
any of the CPUs without needing additional licenses. Even if all
50 virtual machines were running on a single CPU, no additional
vRAM capacity would be required, because the pooled vRAM
entitlement would not be exceeded.
Hosts
2
CPUs
4
VMware vSphere licenses
4 (Enterprise Edition)
vRAM capacity
256GB
vRAM used
200GB
(50 virtual machines x 4GB/virtual machine)
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
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VMware vSphere 5
Increasing the pooled vRAM capacity
Users can increase vRAM Capacity in three ways:
1. Adding new vSphere licenses of the same edition
to the existing pool
2. Upgrading licenses to an edition with a higher
vRAM entitlement
3. Adding a new host with new vSphere licenses of
the same edition of the existing pool
In the example, the user adds a new host with a single CPU with 8
cores. The user purchases an additional license of VMware vSphere
Enterprise. The additional license raises the vRAM capacity by another
64GB to a total of 320GB. The user adds 8 virtual machines that
have 8GB of vRAM each on the new host.
Hosts
3
CPUs
5
VMware vSphere licenses
5
vRAM capacity
320GB
vRAM used
264GB (200GB + (8 virtual machines x 8GB/
virtual machine))
Later, the user wants to further increase the capacity of the
vRAM pool by 100GB to allow for future growth without adding
any additional options. The user has two options to increase the
vRAM capacity:
•Buy two additional VMware vSphere licenses of the same edition,
Enterprise. This would raise the vRAM capacity by 128GB.
•Upgrade all five VMware vSphere licenses to an edition with a
higher vRAM entitlement. Each license of Enterprise Plus is
entitled to 96GB of vRAM. Upgrading to Enterprise Plus would
yield a new total vRAM capacity of 480GB.
VMware vSphere and
vCenter Server Packaging
VMware offers several packaging options designed for a wide
variety of deployment scenarios and customer types
VMware vSphere Editions
VMware vSphere Editions offer different combinations of functionality
and vRAM entitlements at different price points, providing a simple
path for customers to license VMware vSphere to meet their specific
requirements for scalability, size of environment, and use cases
(see Figure 2). A Support and Subscription (SnS) contract is
required for every VMware vSphere Edition purchase.
Entitlements per CPU license
• vRAM Entitlement
• vCPU/VM
Standard
Enterprise
Enterprise
Plus
32 GB
8 way
64 GB
8 way
96 GB
32 way
Features
• Hypervisor
• High Availability
• Data Recovery
• vMotion
• Virtual Serial Port Concentrator
• Hot Add
• vShield Zones
• Fault Tolerance
• Storage APIs for Array Integration
• Storage vMotion
• Distributed Resource Scheduler
& Distributed Power Management
• Distributed Switch
• I/O Controls (Network and Storage)
• Host Profiles
• Auto Deploy*
• Policy-Driven Storage*
• Storage DRS*
*New in vSphere 5.0
Figure 2. vSphere 5 Editions Lineup
For information on local currency prices for vSphere Editions and
Kits visit: www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/pricing.html
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 6
VMware vSphere 5
VMware vSphere Standard Edition provides an entry-level
solution for basic server consolidation to slash hardware costs
while accelerating application deployment. Each Standard
Edition license entitles 32GB of vRAM.
licenses covered by this provision, however, may not be managed
by the same instance of Virtual Center which is being used to
manage non-desktop OS virtual machines.
VMware vSphere Enterprise Edition is a robust solution that
customers can use to optimize IT assets, ensure cost-effective
business continuity and streamline IT operations through automation.
Each Enterprise Edition license entitles 64GB of vRAM.
VMware vSphere Kits
VMware vSphere Enterprise Plus Edition offers the full range
of VMware vSphere features for transforming datacenters into
dramatically simplified cloud infrastructures, for running today’s
applications right alongside the next generation of flexible, reliable
IT services. Each Enterprise Plus Edition license entitles 96GB
of vRAM.
Note that all hosts in a vRAM pool must be licensed with the same
VMware vSphere edition or, in other words, vRAM entitlements are
pooled by VMware vSphere Edition. It is possible to manage mixed
environments of hosts licensed with different VMware vSphere
Editions from the same vCenter, however this will create multiple
vRAM pools. vRAM capacity can only be shared among servers
licensed with the same VMware vSphere Edition.
VMware vSphere Hypervisor
VMware vSphere Hypervisor is a free product that provides a simple
and easy way to get started with virtualization at no cost. vSphere
Hypervisor provides only basic virtualization capabilities allowing
to virtualize servers and run applications in virtual machines in a
matter of minutes. vSphere Hypervisor cannot connect to VMware
vCenter Server and therefore cannot be centrally managed. Users
can remotely manage individual vSphere Hypervisor hosts using
the vSphere Client. vSphere Hypervisor is entitled to 32GB of vRAM
per server (regardless of the number of processors) and can be
utilized on servers with up to 32GB of physical RAM.
VMware vSphere Desktop
vSphere Desktop Edition is a new vSphere Edition designed for
licensing vSphere in VDI deployments. vSphere Desktop provides
all functionalities of vSphere Enterprise Plus and unlimited vRAM
entitlement. It can only be used for VDI deployment and can be
leveraged with both VMware View and other 3rd party VDI
connection brokers.
vSphere Desktop edition is licensed based on the total number of
Powered On Desktop Virtual Machines and can be purchased either
stand-alone in a pack size of 100 desktop VM or included with the
VMware View Bundle. For detailed information on pricing visit:
http://www.vmware.com/products/view/howtobuy.html
Customers who purchased licenses for vSphere 4.x (or previous
versions) prior to September 30, 2011 to host desktop virtualization,
and hold current SnS agreements, may upgrade to vSphere 5
while retaining access to unlimited vRAM entitlement. Desktop
Kits are all-in-one solutions that include multiple VMware vSphere
licenses and vCenter Server enabling an organization to quickly and
easily begin their VMware vSphere environment. Kits are available
in several editions that vary in terms of scalability and functionality.
VMware offers two types of kits: Essentials Kits and Acceleration Kits.
Essentials Kits
The Essentials Kits are all-in-one solutions for small environments
(up to three hosts with two CPUs each) available in two editions—
Essentials and Essentials Plus. Both editions include VMware vSphere
processor licenses and VMware vCenter Server for Essentials for an
environment of up to three hosts (up to 2 CPUs each) and maximum
pooled vRAM capacity of 192GB (32GB x 6 VMware vSphere
Essentials CPU licenses). Essentials scalability limits are productenforced and cannot be extended other than by upgrading the
whole kit to a higher-end bundle (see upgrades sections, below).
VMware vSphere Essentials and Essentials Plus kits are self-contained
solutions and may not be decoupled, or combined with other
VMware vSphere editions.
VMware vSphere Essentials Kit is all-in-one solution ideal for small
offices. It enables consolidation and management of applications
to reduce hardware and operating costs—all with a low upfront
investment. The VMware vSphere Essentials kit must be purchased
along with a one-year subscription to software patches and updates.
Support is optional and available on a per-incident basis.
VMware vSphere Essentials Plus Kit adds features such as
vSphere vMotion, vSphere HA and vSphere Data Recovery to
VMware vSphere Essentials to enable always-on IT for the small
environment. VMware vSphere Essentials Plus is ideal for small
businesses that, in addition to hardware and operating cost
savings, are also looking for maximization of application availability
and business continuity with a low upfront investment. SnS for
VMware vSphere Essentials Plus is sold separately. A minimum
of one year of SnS is required.
VMware vSphere Essentials Kit for Retail and Branch Offices is a
special edition designed for deployments in branch offices of mid-size
or large enterprises. This edition offers a packaged solution to extend
agility, security and efficiency across the organization and allow
remote management of the office deployment either locally or from
central location running VMware vCenter Server. Retail- and
branch-office editions require a maximum of 3 virtualized hosts
per site and a minimum initial order of a starter kit (covering 10 sites)
plus the ability to add on sites as required (after initial purchase
of 10 sites customers can add 1 additional site at a time). vRAM
entitlements of the Essentials Kit for Retail and Branch Office
deployed are pooled across sites with centrally management
by a single remote VMware vCenter Server.
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 7
VMware vSphere 5
Acceleration Kits
VMware vSphere 5 Acceleration Kits are all-in-one convenience
bundles that provide a simple way for new customers to purchase
all the necessary components to set up a new VMware environment.
Each kit consists of a number of licenses for VMware vSphere, along
with a license for one instance of a VMware vCenter Server Standard
(see Figure 5). Unlike the Essentials Kits and VMware vSphere 4.x
Acceleration Kits that function as single entity, VMware vSphere 5
Acceleration Kits decompose into their individual kit components
after purchase. This allows customers to upgrade and renew SnS
for each individual component on its own schedule. The Acceleration
Kits are often offered at promotional discounts. Visit http://www.
vmware.com/vmwarestore/buyvsphere-acceleration-kits.html or
contact your local reseller for more-specific information on the
latest available acceleration kit offerings.
Essentials Essentials
Plus
Includes
Entitlements per
CPU license
• vRAM Entitlement
Standard Enterprise Enterprise
AK
AK
Plus AK
VMware vCenter Server provides unified management for VMware
vSphere environments and is a required component of a complete
VMware vSphere deployment. One instance of vCenter Server is
required to centrally manage virtual machines and their hosts
and to enable all VMware vSphere features.
VMware vCenter Server is available in the following packages:
•VMware vCenter Server for Essentials kits – Integrated
management for VMware vSphere Essentials kits
•VMware vCenter Server Foundation – Centralized
management for up to three VMware vSphere hosts
•VMware vCenter Server Standard – Highly scalable management
with rapid provisioning, monitoring, orchestration and control
of all virtual machines in a VMware vSphere environment
All editions of vCenter Server include the following components:
6 CPUs
6 CPUs
8 CPUs
6 CPUs
6 CPUs
•Management server –Acts as universal hub for provisioning,
monitoring and configuring virtualized environments
32 GB
32 GB
32 GB
64 GB
96 GB
8 way
8 way
8 way
8 way
32 way
•Database server – Stores persistent configuration data and
performance information
(192 GB max) (192 GB max) (256 GB max) (384 GB max) (576 GB max)
• vCPU
vCenter Server Editions
Features
• Hypervisor
•Search engine – Allows administrators to search the entire object
inventory of multiple VMware vCenter Servers from one place
• High Availability
• Data Recovery
• vMotion
•VMware vSphere Client – Provides administrators with a
feature-rich console for accessing one or more VMware
vCenter Servers simultaneously
• Virtual Serial Port
Concentrator
• Hot Add
• vShield Zones
• Fault Tolerance
•VMware vCenter APIs and .NET Extension – Allows integration
between vCenter Server and other tools, with support for
customized plug-ins to the VMware vSphere Client
• Storage APIs for
Array Integration
• Storage vMotion
• Distributed Resource
Scheduler & Distributed
Power Management
VMware vCenter Server Standard also includes the following
additional features:
• Distributed Switch
• I/O Controls
(Network and Storage)
• Host Profiles
• vCenter Server Linked Mode – Enables a common inventory
view across multiple instances of vCenter Server
• Auto Deploy*
• Policy-Driven Storage*
• Storage DRS*
*New in vSphere 5.0
•vCenter Orchestrator – Streamlines and automates key
IT processes
For information on local currency prices for vCenter Server
Editions and Kits visit: www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/
pricing.html
Figure 3. vSphere 5 Kits Lineup
For information on local currency prices for vSphere Editions and
Kits visit: www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/pricing.html
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 8
VMware vSphere 5
Upgrade Entitlements for
Existing Customers
Upgrading Between
VMware vSphere 5 Editions
VMware vSphere customers with an active SnS contract are entitled
to upgrade to VMware vSphere 5 at no extra charge. All upgrades to
VMware vSphere 5 require acceptance of the new end-user licensing
agreement (EULA) and VMware vSphere 5 licensing model.
Customers may purchase an upgrade to a higher VMware vSphere
offering. For example, VMware vSphere Standard customers may
upgrade to either VMware vSphere Enterprise or VMware vSphere
Enterprise Plus. When customers upgrade supported licenses to a
higher VMware vSphere edition, the original license key is deactivated
and a new license key is issued for the upgraded edition. The SnS
fee is then calculated. This new SnS contract will be extended by
the value remaining on the base edition. This process ensures that
only a single license key exists that has a single SnS contract with
a single termination date. This simplifies SnS renewals.
Figure 4 shows the entitlement path of current VMware vSphere
4.x customers as part of their active SnS contracts.
Upgrade paths for VMware vSphere Editions and Kits are shown
in Figure 5.
Figure 5. vSphere 5 Editions and Kit Upgrade Paths
Figure 4. vSphere 4.x to vSphere 5 Entitlement Paths
Visit the VMware vSphere Upgrade Center for more information and
to determine the appropriate upgrade path for your organization:
www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/upgrade-center/.
vSphere Acceleration Kit customers upgrade using the same
upgrade paths as vSphere Edition customers. There are no
Acceleration Kit to Acceleration Kit upgrades to vSphere 5.
For information on local currency prices for vSphere Editions and
Kits visit: www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/pricing.html
For information on local currency prices for vSphere Editions and Kits
visit: www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/pricing.html
Reinstatement Options for Customers with Inactive
SnS Contracts
Customers who have an expired SnS must pay reinstatement
fees to purchase supported upgrades. Reinstatement fees are
based on the following criteria:
•The applicable SnS fees for the current contract term
•Fees that would have been paid for the period of time
that the customer’s SnS contract was not active
•A 20 percent fee on the sum of the fees in the preceding
two criteria
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 9
VMware vSphere 5
FAQ
Q: Does the new VMware vSphere 5 licensing model apply
to existing licenses of VMware vSphere 4.x or prior?
Q: I have received an alert from VMware vCenter that I have
exceeded the available pooled vRAM, but the product did
not prevent me from deploying a new virtual machine.
What is going on?
Q: When upgrading to existing licenses for VMware vSphere
4.x or older to VMware vSphere 5, may I maintain the
VMware vSphere 4.x licensing model?
A: Only VMware vSphere Essentials and Essentials Plus implement
hard enforcement of vRAM capacity. VMware vCenter Server
Standard will not prevent you from exceeding the available vRAM
capacity; it will only signal that the licensing of the environment
is out of compliance. VMware licensing policy is that customers
should buy licenses in advance of use, so we recommend
monitoring the vRAM consumption and extending the
available pooled vRAM capacity before exceeding it.
A: No. In order to complete the upgrade, the new VMware vSphere 5
EULA must be accepted.
Q: What is the process through which I add VMware vSphere
licensing to the vRAM pool?
Q: What is vRAM?
A: There are two ways to add VMware vSphere licenses to the pool:
A: No. The new VMware vSphere licensing model applies only
to new purchases of VMware vSphere licenses or to existing
licenses of VMware vSphere 4.x or older that are upgraded
to VMware vSphere 5
A: vRAM or virtual RAM is the total memory configured to
a virtual machine.
•Introduce a new host to the pool and assign processor
licenses to its CPUs
Q: What is the available pooled vRAM of my environment?
•Add new processor licenses, combining them to existing
ones using the VMware licensing portal
A: Available pooled vRAM is equal to the sum total of vRAM
entitlements for all VMware vSphere licenses of a single
edition, managed by a single instance of VMware vCenter
Server or by multiple instances of VMware vCenter Server
in Linked Mode.
Q: How is configured vRAM capacity determined?
A: Configured vRAM is equal to the sum total of vRAM configured
to all powered-on virtual machines managed by a single instance
of VMware vCenter Server or by multiple instances of VMware
vCenter Server in Linked Mode.
Q: How big a vRAM pool can I make?
A: The pooled vRAM capacity can be extended indefinitely by adding
more VMware vSphere licenses to VMware vCenter Server.
Q: Can the pooled vRAM capacity be extended by using any
VMware vSphere edition?
A: No, vRAM entitlements are pooled by VMware vSphere edition.
Therefore, a vRAM pool can be extended by adding VMware
vSphere licenses of the same edition.
Q: How am I compliant with this licensing model? Is there a
“hard stop” at my vRAM limit?
A: To be compliant, the 12 month rolling average of the daily high
watermark of configured vRAM must be equal to or less than
the available pooled vRAM capacity. VMware vCenter Server
will not impose a hard limit (with the exception of VMware
vCenter Server for Essentials) on configured vRAM, but will
provide alerts that configured vRAM is approaching or has
surpassed available pooled capacity. The VMware policy is
that customers should buy licenses in advance of use.
Q: Can I add vRAM to an Essentials or Essentials Plus kit?
A: No, the total vRAM capacity of Essentials and Essentials Plus
kits cannot be extended.
Q: Does my SnS calculation change?
A: SnS continues to be linked to VMware vSphere processor licenses.
Q: Do the licensing terms differ depending on which server I
deploy VMware vSphere 5 on?
A: No VMware vSphere license entitlement is linked to physical
characteristics of the server on which VMware vSphere is deployed.
Q: How do I procure more vRAM?
A: You simply need to buy and assign more VMware vSphere
CPU licenses.
Q: Will this licensing model cost me more?
A: Although it is impossible to predict the effects of the new model
in every type of environment, the licensing model has been
designed to minimize the risk of potential impacts in existing
environments while also providing room for growth. vRAM
entitlements have been set to provide enough capacity to
scale well beyond today’s average consolidation ratios.
Q. Which customers are eligible for vSphere Desktop?
A. vSphere Desktop is available to all commercial, academic, and
government customers who want to purchase new licenses of
vSphere to host desktop virtualization. Customers who purchase
the VMware View bundles get vSphere Desktop with unlimited
vRAM entitlement. Customers who purchased licenses for vSphere
4.x (or previous versions) prior to September 30, 2011 to host
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 1 0
VMware vSphere 5
Q. Can vSphere Desktop be used to run 3rd party desktop
management and infrastructure tools or 3rd party server
products for desktops?
desktop virtualization, and hold current SnS agreements, may
upgrade to vSphere 5 while retaining their current licensing
metric and thus have access to unlimited vRAM entitlement.
vSphere Desktop extends only to the purchases of new
vSphere licenses for desktop virtualization.
A. As per the vSphere 5 EULA, vSphere Desktop standalone can
be used for hosting virtual desktop machines or desktop
management and monitoring tools that are used for VDI
deployments only.
Q. I am currently using vSphere Enterprise+ to deploy a third
party desktop virtualization solution. Can I continue to do so?
Q. What is the impact to View bundles or View add-on SKUs?
A. Yes. Customers currently using vSphere as backend for a 3rd
party VDI deployment can continue to do so. Customers who
purchased licenses for vSphere 4.x (or previous versions) prior
to September 30, 2011 to host desktop virtualization, and hold
current SnS agreements, may upgrade to vSphere 5 while
retaining access to unlimited vRAM entitlement. Desktop
licenses covered by this provision, however, may not be
managed by the same instance of Virtual Center which is
being used to manage non-desktop OS virtual machines.
View
E n t e r p r i se
B u n d le
A. There is no change to the price of the View bundles. View
Enterprise Add-on and View Premier Add-on SKU prices have
increased. We encourage customers to consider View bundles
for all their new desktop virtualization deployments. The
bundles are designed to be the cost effective solution for
large scale desktop deployments.
Any vSphere 5 licenses purchased separately to run View
Enterprise Add-on and View Premier Add-on will be subject
to the per processor pooled vRAM entitlement licensing.
View
E n t e r p r i se
Add-on*
View
P r em i e r
B u n d le
vSphere for Desktop
•
•
vCenter Server Standard for Desktop
•
•
View Manager
•
View
P r em i e r
up g r a d e
•
•
View Composer
•
•
•
Local Mode
•
•
•
vShield Endpoint
•
•
•
ThinApp (Cilent + Packager)
•
•
•
$250 (no charge)
$190
$100 (no charge)
Pricing (per current connection)
$150 (no charge)
•
View
P r em i e r
Add-on*
$90
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 11
VMware vSphere 5
How to Buy
Learn More
For information on local currency prices for vSphere Editions and Kits
visit: www.vmware.com/products/vsphere/pricing.html
For information or to purchase VMware products,
call 877-4-VMWARE (outside of North America dial 650-4275000), visit http://www.vmware.com/products,
or search online for an authorized reseller. For detailed
specifications and systems requirements, refer to the
VMware vSphere documentation.
To purchase VMware vSphere, use the online VMware Partner Locator
to find an authorized reseller in your area: http://partnerlocator.
vmware.com/
You can also visit the online VMware Store to determine which
kit or edition of VMware vSphere is right for your organization:
http://www.vmware.com/vmwarestore/vsphere_
purchaseoptions.html
SnS is required for all vSphere purchases.
WH ITE PAPE R / 12
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2011 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed
at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents. VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be
trademarks of their respective companies. Item No: VMW-WP-vSPHR5-PRICING-USLET-111
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