Model 65 Bass Manager
Model 65 Bass Manager
Model 65 Bass Manager
The Model 65 Bass Manager is designed to enhance the monitoring of multi-channel audio sources during the recording, mixing,
mastering, and distribution process. The Model 65 is applicable for any multi-channel monitoring environment where some or all
channels are not supported with loudspeakers having extended low-frequency response. Resources are included in the Model 65
to make it appropriate for cinema, music, and broadcast applications. The Model 65’s design is oriented toward directly supporting
5.1-type applications. The five main channels are full bandwidth, and use the industry-standard designation of left, center, right,
left surround, and right surround. The “.1” channel is designated as LFE, which is also referred to as low-frequency effects, “boom,”
or subwoofer. The LFE term originated in cinema formats but is now part of music and broadcast formats as well.
The overall goal of the Model 65 is very simple: Ensure that the entire audio bandwidth of all channels can be accurately monitored.
Many loudspeaker systems have inherent low-frequency limitations, preventing a true picture of the source material from being
presented. To overcome this, the low-frequency energy from the five main channels can be separated and then routed to one or more
subwoofer loudspeakers. The Model 65 includes filters to accomplish this, providing a smooth and sonically pleasing crossover of
signals being routed to the main and subwoofer loudspeakers.
The Model 65 also supports several format-specific parameters required for accurate LFE channel monitoring. To minimize digital
bandwidth, some multi-channel formats restrict the frequency response of the LFE channel. To emulate this process, a low-pass filter
can be inserted into the LFE signal chain. For compatibility with some cinema formats, gain can also be added to the LFE signal.
While the Model 65 is intended primarily for use in 5.1 applications, additional specialized features and capabilities are also included. This allows the unit to be configured to meet the needs of a broad range of monitoring applications.
Main Inputs
The Model 65 contains five full-bandwidth input channels, which are intended for connection to left, center, right, left surround,
and right surround sources. The electronically balanced inputs are compatible with balanced or unbalanced sources. Associated
with each of the five main inputs is a crossover circuit, created by means of separate high- and low-pass filters. The filters are factory-configured to provide a crossover frequency of 80 Hz. The output of each high-pass filter is routed to the output circuit of its
corresponding channel. The output of each low-pass filter can be individually assigned to subwoofer output 1, subwoofer output 2,
or subwoofer outputs 1 and 2. To prevent level build up, the signal is attenuated 6 dB when assigned to both subwoofer outputs.
LFE Input
The Model 65 contains an input channel that is specifically intended for connection to an LFE source. To simulate some multichannel formats, a low-pass filter can be inserted, using a front-panel switch or remote control signal, into the LFE signal path. The
filter, created by cascading four 2nd order low-pass sections, provides a 48 dB-per-octave slope with the –6 dB point at 120 Hz. To
allow accurate monitoring of some formats, a front-panel switch allows 10 dB of gain to be added to the LFE signal. This ensures
that the proper relative level is maintained between the LFE signal and the low-frequency energy derived from the main inputs. As
with the main inputs, the LFE signal can be assigned to subwoofer output 1, subwoofer output 2, or subwoofer outputs 1 and 2.
50086-0301, Issue 3
Outputs
The Model 65 provides five main and two subwoofer outputs. Each of the outputs is elec-tronically balanced and can be connected
to balanced or unbalanced loads. To minimize the chance of loudspeaker damage, power up/power down mute relays are associated
with each output. The nominal level of the five main outputs is +4 dBu, maintaining a unity gain input-to-output relationship. The
two subwoofer outputs are handled somewhat differently, having nominal output levels of –6 dBu. This reduced operating level
allows sufficient audio headroom when phase coherent signals from the main inputs are routed, by way of the low-pass filters, to
the subwoofer outputs.
Support for Two Subwoofers
As previously discussed, the outputs of the high-pass filters associated with the five main inputs are routed to the five main outputs.
The outputs of the low-pass filters associated with the five main inputs, along with the LFE signal, can be assigned to either or
both of the subwoofer outputs. The two subwoofer outputs allow flexibility when designing a loudspeaker system. A system could
be configured to support subwoofers that are position-oriented, such as “sub left front” and “sub right front.” Or, the subwoofers
could be configured according to program content, such has having subwoofer 1 handle only LFE information, while subwoofer 2
handles the low-passed signals from the main inputs.
Bass Management Bypass
A Model 65 feature allows the bass management function to be disabled by means of a front-panel switch. This function can be
useful, especially during the monitor system installation and room-tuning process. When the bypass function is enabled, the main
input signals route directly to the main outputs. In addition, the outputs of the low-pass filters associated with the main inputs
no longer route to either of the subwoofer outputs. However, when the bass management bypass function is active the LFE signal
continues its normal flow to one or both of the subwoofer outputs.
Remote Control
Three remote control functions are available: remote LFE low-pass filter, remote LFE mute, and remote subwoofer output mono.
The remote control functions are specifically provided for use during the recording or mixing process. An effective installation
could utilize foot switches or console-mounted buttons to allow easy operator access to the remote functions.
Remote control of the LFE low-pass filter allows real-time confirmation of LFE content. Some release formats require that LFE
program content be band restricted. Under this condition, a valid audio mix would have no change in its sonic character when the
LFE low-pass filter is activated.
When remote LFE mute is active, normal bass management operation continues, but the LFE signal is not routed to either of the
subwoofer outputs. This function allows a direct check of the impact an LFE signal is having on an overall mix.
The remote subwoofer output mono function is provided to allow confirmation of the phase-coherency of the two subwoofer outputs.
When the function is enabled, the subwoofer signals are combined (summed), attenuated by 6 dB, and fed to both subwoofers.
Expansion Capability
Provision has been made to allow multiple Model 65 units to be easily interconnected. Using two units, ten main and two LFE
inputs are supported, as well as providing ten main and two subwoofer output channels. For other special applications a virtually
unlimited number of units can be interconnected.
Flexibility
The Model 65 is designed to be used directly “out of the box,” providing effective bass management for most 5.1 applications.
However, installation-specific requirements, along with the evolving world of multi-channel audio, make flexibility imperative.
With the Model 65 you can use it “our way,” or easily perform a minor or major reconfiguration. A competent technician can fieldadjust a number of key bass management parameters. The high- and low-pass filter frequencies associated with the main inputs
can be individually adjusted. This allows the crossover frequencies to be configured on a channel-by-channel basis. While the
Studio Technologies, Inc.
StudioComm Model 65 Bass Manager, Issue 3, Page 2
factory default crossover frequency is set for nominally 80 Hz, selecting an alternate crossover frequency, symmetrical or asymmetrical, is simple. To adjust any of these filters requires only changing resistors. Sockets are present in the Model 65’s circuit
board, eliminating the need to solder.
The high- and low-pass filters associated with the main inputs are implemented by cascading 2nd order Sallen-Key filter circuits.
Jumpers on the Model 65’s circuit board allow individual selection of 12 dB/octave or 24 dB/octave response. The factory-default
configuration for the high-pass filters is 12 dB/octave, complementing the internal filters contained in many amplified loudspeaker
systems. Other speaker systems may benefit from the use of the 24 dB/octave setting. In addition, a third jumper position allows
the input signal to be directly routed to the output. This “flat” selection supports loudspeaker systems that already contain filters to
provide the desired high-pass response. As for the low-pass filters, the factory configuration is 24 dB/octave, supporting the needs
of many subwoofer loudspeakers. Alternately, the 12 dB/octave settings can be used to match the Model 65 with other monitor
systems.
Installation
The Model 65 mounts in one space of a standard 19-inch rack. Mains input voltage is factory selected for 100, 120, or 220/240 V,
50/60 Hz, operation. The Model 65’s input connector is directly compatible with Studio Technologies’ StudioComm for Surround
Model 68 Central Controller. The channel layout arrangements of the two systems are identical, making interconnection simple.
Other input sources are easily interfaced using wiring compatible with the industry-standard 25-pin connection scheme. The seven
out-puts connect to the monitor amplifiers, or amplified loudspeakers, using standard 3-pin XLR-type cables. Each Model 65 also
contains a 9-pin D-subminiature connector. Pins on this “D-sub” are used to provide access to the remote control functions as well
as link multiple Model 65s.
Specifications
Audio Inputs: 6
Type: electronically balanced, compatible with balanced or unbalanced
signals
Impedance: 24 k ohms
Nominal Level: +4 dBu
Main Input Channel High-Pass Filters: 5
Type: two cascaded 2nd order Sallen-Key; factory configured for 12 dB/
octave; field configurable for flat, 12, or 24 dB/octave response
Response: –3 dB @ 80 Hz, nominal, 12 dB/octave; –6 dB @ 80 Hz, nominal,
24 dB/octave; field configurable
Main Input Channel Low-Pass Filters: 5
Type: two cascaded 2nd order Sallen-Key; factory configured for 24 dB/
octave; field configurable for 12 or 24 dB/octave response
Response: –3 dB @ 80 Hz, nominal, 12 dB/octave; –6 dB @ 80 Hz, nominal,
24 dB/octave; field configurable
Main Input Channels to Subwoofer Outputs:
Overall Gain: –10 dB, nominal
Routing: subwoofer output 1, 2, or both; assigning to subwoofer outputs 1
and 2 implements 6 dB additional attenuation; factory default routing to
subwoofer output 1
Nominal Level, Main Channels: +4 dBu
Nominal Level, Subwoofer Channels: –6 dBu
Maximum Output Level: +27 dBu into 10 k ohms, +26 dBu into 600 ohms
Frequency Response: 20 Hz-20 kHz ±0.1 dB, measured with bass management
bypassed
Distortion (THD+N): 0.005%, measured at 1 kHz, +4 dBu
S/N Ratio: 85 dB, ref +4 dBu out
Crosstalk: 78 dB, ref +4 dBu in
Remote Control Inputs: 3
Functions: remote LFE low-pass filter, remote LFE mute, remote subwoofer
output mono
Type: +5 V logic, activates on closure to system common
Expansion Capability: allows multiple Model 65s to be directly interconnected;
user-created interface cable required
Connectors:
Audio Inputs: 1, 25-pin D-subminiature female
Audio Outputs: 7, 3-pin XLR-type male
Aux (Remote Control/Expansion): 1, 9-pin D-subminiature female
AC Mains: 1, 3-blade IEC-type
AC Mains Requirement: 100, 120, or 220/240 V, ±10%, factory configured,
50/60 Hz, 12 W
LFE Input Channel to Subwoofer Outputs:
Overall Gain: –10 or 0 dB, nominal, switch or remote control selectable
Routing: subwoofer output 1, 2, or both; assigning to subwoofer outputs 1
and 2 implements 6 dB additional attenuation; factory default routing to
subwoofer output 1
Dimensions (Overall):
19.00 inches wide (48.3 cm)
1.72 inches high (4.4 cm)
6.65 inches deep (16.9 cm)
LFE Input Channel Low-Pass Filter:
Type: four cascaded 2nd order Sallen-Key sections; 48 dB/octave (8th order)
Response: –6 dB @ 120 Hz, nominal, field configurable
Operation: switch or remote control selectable, on/off
Weight: 7.0 pounds (3.2 kg)
Audio Outputs: 7
Type: electronically balanced, direct coupled, intended to drive balanced or
unbalanced loads of 600 ohms or greater
Output Impedance: 50 ohms, nominal
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Mounting: one space in a standard 19-inch rack
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Skokie, Illinois USA
+1 847-676-9177
© by Studio Technologies, Inc., March 2001
www.studio-tech.com
StudioComm Model 65 Bass Manager, Issue 3, Page 3
Model 65 Bass Manager Front Panel
Bass Management
Bypass Function
LFE
+10 dB
Gain
LFE
Low-pass
Filter
±17 V LED
Model 65 Bass Manager Back Panel
AC Mains
Connection
Output Connections
Remote Control
and Expansion
Connections
Input
Connections
Model 65 Bass Manager Block Diagram
www.studio-tech.com
Studio Technologies, Inc.
StudioComm Model 65 Bass Manager, Issue 3, Page 4
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