Final Report R4 - University of Victoria

Final Report R4 - University of Victoria
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Figures: .......................................................................................................................................... ii!
Tables: ............................................................................................................................................ ii!
Summary ......................................................................................................................................iii!
Glossary: ....................................................................................................................................... iv!
1! Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 1!
1.1! eHealth and Telemedicine ............................................................................................. 1!
1.2! Diagnostic Tools.............................................................................................................. 1!
1.3! Concept............................................................................................................................. 2!
2! Discussion ............................................................................................................................... 2!
2.1! Electrical Engineering..................................................................................................... 3!
2.1.1! Microphone............................................................................................................... 3!
2.1.2! Analogue Amplifier................................................................................................. 5!
2.1.3! Headphone Driver ................................................................................................... 6!
2.1.4! Summary ................................................................................................................... 7!
2.2! Computer Engineering................................................................................................... 8!
2.2.1! Microcontroller......................................................................................................... 8!
2.2.2! Program Structure:................................................................................................... 9!
2.2.3! Program Control .................................................................................................... 10!
2.2.4! Sampling and Interrupts ....................................................................................... 11!
2.2.5! Audio Output ......................................................................................................... 13!
2.2.6! USB Writing ............................................................................................................ 15!
2.3! Power Analysis.............................................................................................................. 16!
2.4! Cost Analysis ................................................................................................................. 17!
3! Conclusion: ........................................................................................................................... 17!
4! Recommendations................................................................................................................ 18!
5! References ............................................................................................................................. 20!
Appendix A.................................................................................................................................... i!
Appendix B: Data Sheets............................................................................................................. ii!
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Analogue sampling of audio from microphone (frequency range 20-20,000 Hz).
Digital sampling of audio signal
Digital audio outputting
Archiving of signal to flash storage
Low overall power consumption
Design of a receiver capable of capturing body sounds
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Figure 1: System Overview of eSthehoscope
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7+#I1#21*!:/7*+-E+#1F!WE/2!:/7*+-E+#1!E8I!8!5*1],1#74!*12-+#21!+5!=>!Vb!X=>![VbO!3E1!2/;#8D!
21#2/3/0/34!+5XTc!IL!8#I!-*+0/I1I!8!2/;#8D!3+!#+/21!*83/+!+5!d=!ILg??hF!WE/2!211:1I!-1*5173!5+*!
+,*!#11I2F!
!
V+Z101*O!8531*!:,7E!1M-1*/:1#383/+#!/3!Z82!I/27+01*1I!3E83!3E1!:/7*+-E+#1!Z82!7+:-D131D4!
,21D122F!WE1!:/7*+-E+#1!Z82!,#8^D1!3+!;1#1*831!8#4!,28^D1!2/;#8D!ZE1#!,21I!+#!8!E,:8#!
^+I4F!WE1!-/1b+1D173*/7!7*4238D!Z/3E/#!3E/2!:/7*+-E+#1!Z82O!E+Z101*O!8#!1M71DD1#3!+#1F!Q1!
1M3*8731I!3E1!7*4238D!5*+:!3E1!E+,2/#;!8#I!5/331I!/3!3+!8!7D822/7!:17E8#/78D!2313E+27+-1F!WE/2!
*12,D31I!/#!8!7E123-/171!78-8^D1!+5!7D18#D4!I13173/#;!E18*3^1832O!/#31*#8D!2+,#I2!8#I!*12-/*83/+#!
ZE1#!8:-D/5/1IF!
!
W+!5/#8D/b1!3E1!83387E:1#3O!3E1!D18I2!Z1*1!218D1I!Z/3E!2/D/7+#O!ZE/7E!-1*:8#1#3D4!855/M12!3E1!
7*4238D!3+!3E1!7E123-/171!E18IO!-*+0/I12!8#!/#2,D83/+#!^8**/1*!8#I!-*+31732!3E1!D18I2!5*+:!
7+**+2/+#F!
!
WE1!2313E+27+-1!E18I!-*+3+34-1!/2!2E+Z#!^1D+Z!/#!J/;,*1!=F!
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
Figure 2: '(&)&)*+,$-".(&+/&#,$0,1"2#!$3)$4)"5"6,1$7$8,./7#".75$1),)/&1.&+,$/,70$9")/$
7$+",6&,5,.)(".$.(*1)75$8&4#),0$7)$)/,$.&##,.)"&#$)&$)/,$/,70!
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!
!
DCBCD <(1"'67#*<4.")/)#&*
WE1!-,*-+21!+5!3E1!8#8D+;,1!8:-D/5/1*!7/*7,/3!Z82!3+!8:-D/54!3E1!1D173*/78D!2/;#8D!;1#1*831I!^4!
3E1!:/7*+-E+#1F!WE1!7/*7,/3!8:-D/5/1I!3E1!7/*7,/3!5*+:!kc>!:6--!3+!k?>6--F!WE1!HaTPd!
8:-D/5/1*!Z82!,3/D/b1I!5+*!3E/2!-,*-+21O!82!/3!Z82!2-17/5/78DD4!I12/;#1I!3+!^++23!8,I/+!2/;#8D2!Z/3E!
E/;E!;8/#F!WE/2!-8*3/7,D8*!8:-!Z82!3,#1I!3+!E801!3E1!:8M/:,:!;8/#!+5!=>>F!WE1!7/*7,/3!I12/;#!
,3/D/b1I!/2!2E+Z#!/#!J/;,*1!TF!
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Figure 3: Analogue Amplification Circuit
!
"2!-8*3!+5!3E1!I12/;#!-*+7122O!2/:,D83/+#2!Z1*1!*,#!+#!3E1!8:-D/5/783/+#!7/*7,/3F!WE1!2/:,D83/+#2!
Z1*1!*,#!Z/3E!a,D3/2/:!??!W*/8D!61*2/+#F!WE1!*12,D32!Z1*1!3E1#!7+:-8*1I!3+!:182,*1I!08D,12!
3+!7+#5/*:!877,*874O!82!2E+Z#!/#!J/;,*1!(!8#I!J/;,*1!cF!
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Figure 4: Simulated Frequency Response
Figure 5: Measured Frequency Response
!
WE1!:182,*1:1#32!7+#5/*:!3E1!2/:,D83/+#2!#/71D4F!\#!3E/2!2/3,83/+#!3E1!HaTPd!+-1*83/+#8D!
8:-D/5/1*2!-*+0/I1!1M71DD1#3!2/;#8D!],8D/34!87*+22!3E1!5*1],1#74!2-173*,:!+5!=>!Vb!i!=>![VbF!
DCBCE 0#12.,'(#*=&)A#&*
"!3Z+!238;1!+-X8:-!7/*7,/3!Z82!8D2+!/#7D,I1I!3+!-*+0/I1!,#/34!;8/#!8#I!1#2,*1!3E83!3E1!
E18I-E+#1!Z82!^1/#;!I*/01#!^4!2,55/7/1#3!7,**1#3F!WE/2!21*01I!82!8!^*/I;1!^13Z11#!3E1!I/;/38D!
+,3-,3O!5*+:!3E1!9"@!8#I!3E1!8,I/+!+,3-,3F!WZ+!/#01*3/#;!HaN(?!8:-D/5/1*2!Z1*1!21D1731I!5+*!
3E/2!2/3,83/+#!2/#71!3E1!;8/#!/2!1824!3+!3,#1F!<11!J/;,*1!d!5+*!8!27E1:83/7!+5!3E1!7/*7,/3F!
!
\#!+*I1*!3+!*1I,71!E/;E!5*1],1#74!#+/21!8!D+Z!-822!5/D31*!Z82!/:-D1:1#31I!+#!3E1!217+#I!238;1!
8:-D/5/1*F!WE/2!Z82!78D7,D831I!,2/#;!3E1!5+*:,D8!
!
L821I!+#!3E1!808/D8^D1!7+:-+#1#32O!Z1!21D1731I!8!P=>!+E:!*12/23+*!8#I!?>!#J!78-87/3+*F!WE/2!
*12,D31I!/#!8!D+ZX-822!5/D31*!Z/3E!8!7,3+55!5*1],1#74!+5!?)F(![VbO!-*101#3/#;!3E1!877/I1#38D!
5/D31*/#;!+5!28D/1#3!I/8;#+23/7!/#5+*:83/+#F!WE/2!21*01I!3+!*1I,71!3E1!2,-1*!E/;E!5*1],1#74!#+/21!
3E83!Z82!0/2/^D1!3E*+,;E!3E1!2313E+27+-1F!"2!3E1!5/D31*!Z82!#+3!I12/;#1I!3+!*1:+01!8,I/^D1!
#+/21!/5!8!2:8DD!8:+,#3!+5!E/;E!^87[;*+,#I!#+/21!*1:8/#2!-*121#3!/#!3E1!+,3-,3!2/;#8DF!
!
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Figure 6: 9*/01*!L,551*!7/*7,/3!3+!^++23!7,**1#3!;8/#!511I/#;!/#3+!E18I-E+#12$
WE/2!7/*7,/3!Z82!2/:,D831I!,2/#;!a,D3/2/:!??!W*/8D!61*2/+#O!-*+I,7/#;!3E1!5+DD+Z/#;!*12,D32_!
!
Figure 7: Simulated Response of Driver Buffer Circuit
DCBCG +7441&:*
WE1!8^/D/34!+5!3E1!:/7*+-E+#1!3+!78-3,*1!2/;#8D!8#I!3E1!7/*7,/3!3+!8:-D/54!3E/2!2/;#8D!Z1*1!
31231IF!WE*+,;E!E18I-E+#12O!3E1!E18*3^183!Z82!7D18*D4!8,I/^D1F!"#!+27/DD+27+-1!Z82!,21I!3+!
-*+0/I1!8!],8#3/383/01!:182,*1:1#3!+5!3E1!2/;#8DF!WE1!*12,D32!+5!3E/2!:182,*1:1#3!8*1!2E+Z#!
^1D+Z!/#!W8^D1!?F!
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FFT Signal
60
Signal Amplitude
50
40
30
20
10
0
Figure 8: Time domain signal
!
0
0.5
1
1.5
Frequency (mHz)
2
2.5
5
x 10
Figure 9: Time domain signal, Signal processed by Fast
Fourier Transform.
Table 1: Analogue signal captured by stethoscope and amplified by amplifier circuit
DCD >'4.7%#&*!(6)(##&)(6*
DCDCB F)$&'$'(%&'""#&*
WE1!:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*!21D1731I!5+*!3E/2!-*[email protected]+DI5/*[email protected]==c)F!WE/2!T=X^/3!:87E/#1!
*,#2!8![1*#1D!^821I!alm!+-1*83/#;!24231:g??hF!WE/2!:+I,D8*/34!8DD+Z2!3E1!I101D+-1*!3+![11-!
3E1!8--D/783/+#2!82!23*18:D/#1I!82!-+22/^D1O!ZE/D1!-*+0/I/#;!8!D8*;1!*8#;1!+5!877122/^D1!
*12+,*712O!2,7E!82!21:8-E+*12O!I10/71!I*/01*2!8#I!\AK!7+#3*+DF!
!
Figure 10: ColdFire MCF52259 Microcontroller
Page 8
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Z82!/:-D1:1#31I!3+!1#2,*/#;!+*/;/#8D!2/;#8D!5*1],1#7/12!Z1*1!-*121*01I!3E*+,;E+,3!
-*+7122/#;F!WE1!/#31**,-3!Z82!3*/;;1*1I!^4!3E1!c==c)j2!8#8D+;,1!3+!I/;/38D!7+#01*2/+#!e"[email protected]!
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*1;/231*F!WE/2!08D,1!/2!3E1#!7+-/1I!3+!8!08*/8^D1O!ZE/7E!/2!2801I!3+!3E1!.<L!:822!23+*8;1!I10/71!
82!Z1DD!82!8--1#I1I!3+!7+#3*+D!/#5+*:83/+#!8#I!+,3-,3!3E*+,;E!3E1!21*/8D!/#31*5871!e-+*3!"%>=f!
8D+#;!3+!8#!1M31*#8D!9"@!eI/;/38D!3+!8#8D+;,1!7+#01*31*fF!WE1!9"@!7+#01*32!3E1!2/;#8D!/#3+!8#!
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+5!-*+712212!Z82!*1I,71I!3+!3Z+!382[2O!8!:8/#!382[!ZE/7E!7+#3*+D2!3E1!28:-D/#;!8#I!I/;/38D!
+,3-,3!8#I!8!217+#I!3E83!:8#8;12!3E1!.<L!Z*/3/#;!5,#73/+#8D/34F!WE1!^82/7!-*+;*8:!5D+Z!/2!
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Figure 11: iHeart Program Process Flow Chart
DCDCE H&'6&14*>'(%&'"*
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:8#8;1:1#3!8#I!8DD+Z2!5+*!3E1!/:-D1:1#383/+#!+5!:,D3/3E*18I/#;F!WE14!87E/101!3E/2!^4!
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e21:2f!8#I!3E1!D/;E3Z1/;E3!21:8-E+*12!eDZ21:2f!F!WE14!21*01!3E1!28:1!5,#73/+#O!3E+,;E!3E1!
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WE1!\Kn<$a!Z82!3*/;;1*1I!^4!3E1!/#31**,-3!E8#ID1*O!ZE/7E!3++[!3E1!28:-D1I!I838!8#I!+,3-,3!/3!
3+!3E1!E18I-E+#12F!\3!8D2+!8--1#I1I!3E1!28:-D1I!I831!3+!8#!8**84!5+*!,21!^4!3E1!
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!
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,D3/:831D4!8^8#I+#1I!3E1!B'[email protected]$<<n<$a!8#I!\Kn<$a!:+I1D2F!\3!Z82!I/27+01*1I!3E83!3E1!
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+*!3E1!.<L!Z*/3/#;!5,#73/+#8D/34F!
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5*1],1#74F!WE1!:+23!155173/01!Z84!3+!I+!3E/2!/2!3+!,3/D/b1!/#31**,[email protected]+DI5/*1!8*7E/3173,*1!
+551*2!:8#4!+-3/+#2!Z/3E!*12-173!3+!E+Z!8#I!ZE4!/#31**,-32!8*1!873/0831IF!"22/;#:1#3!+5!
-*/+*/34!/2!1221#3/8D!/#!3E121!7/*7,:238#712!2+!82!#+3!3+!I/23,*^!1221#3/8D!#83/01!24231:!
+-1*83/+#2!ZE/D1!23/DD!1#2,*/#;!3E83!3E14!;13!5/*1I!101*4!28:-D1!747D1!747D1F!
!
<133/#;!3E1!-*/+*/34!+5!3E1!/#31**,-3!/2!1M3*1:1D4!/:-+*38#3F!"!TX^/3!*1;/231*!/2!,21I!3+!213!
-*/+*/34O!;/0/#;!1/;E3!I/551*1#3!-*/+*/34!D101D2!808/D8^D1!5+*!822/;#:1#3F!"2!D+Z1*!08D,12!8*1!
822/;#1I!E/;E1*!-*/+*/34O!3E1!/#31**,-32!,21I!Z1*1!822/;#1I!8!D101D!c!e3E1!:/#/:,:!
*17+::1#I1I!08D,1!5+*!8!#+#!24231:!-*+712212fF!
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3+!^1!,#:82[1IF!\#!3E/2!7821!/#31**,-3!()!Z82!*1],/*1I!3+!^1!,#:82[1I!3+!E8#ID1!3E1!28:-D/#;!
+5!3E1!2/;#8D!5*+:!3E1!9"@F!\#/3/8DD4!8DD!+3E1*!/#31**,-32!Z1*1!:82[1I!+,3!eI/28^D1If!,2/#;!3E1!
a"<G"HH!/#31**,-3!7+#3*+DD1*!^/3F!"531*!3E1!.<L!5,#73/+#8D/34!Z82!/:-D1:1#31I!/3!Z82!
I/27+01*1I!3E83!3E1!I/28^D/#;!+5!3E1!/#31**,-3!7+#3*+DD1*j2!D+Z!*1;/231*!/#31**,-32!/#31*51*1I!Z/3E!
3E1!.<LF!L4!#+3!873/01D4!2133/#;!3E/2!213!+5!*1;/231*2O!-*+-1*!5,#73/+#8D/34!Z82!*123+*1I!3+!3E1!
/#31**,-3!*1],123!24231:F!
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!
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1/3E1*!/#-,3!+*!+,3-,3!5,#73/+#2F!J+*!+,*!-,*-+212!Z1!2/:-D4!Z/2E1I!3+!1#2,*1!3E83!8#4!
/#7+:/#;!28:-D1I!I838!Z82!21#3!3+!+,3-,3!82!5823!82!-+22/^D1F!
!
WE1!:+23!/:-+*38#3!82-173!+5!3E/2!24231:!*1],/*1I!5+*!7+#3*+D!Z82!3E1!l<B\!^8,I!*831F!WE1!
^8,I!*831!Z82!3E1!*831!3E83!3E1!28:-D1I!I838!Z82!+,3-,3!3E*+,;E!3E1!21*/8D!-+*3!3+!3E1!1M31*#8D!
"[email protected]!"2!:1#3/+#1I!^15+*1O!2/#71!E/;E1*!28:-D/#;!*8312!Z1*1!I12/*8^D1O!8!E/;E!^8,I!*831!Z82!
*1],/*1IF!<133/#;!3E1!l<B\a!*1;/231*!3+!8!08D,1!I15/#1I!3E1!5+DD+Z/#;!1],83/+#!7+#3*+DD1I!3E1!
^8,I!*831F!
!
WE1!:182,*1I!7D+7[!2-11I!+5!3E1!:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*!/2!P>!aVbO!8#I!Z/3E!8!I12/*1I!57D[!*831!+5!P!aVbO!
Z1!1#I1I!,-!Z/3E!8!:8M!^8,I!*831!+5!=>!a^A2F!</#71!3E1!28:-D1I!I838!Z82!23+*1I!8#I!
3*8#251**1I!82!?dX^/3!,#2/;#1I!/#31;1*2O!/3!/2!3E1+*13/78DD4!-+22/^D1!3+!3*8#251*!?F=c!:/DD/+#!
28:-D12!-1*!217+#IF! !
!
WE/2!:8M1I!+,3!3E1!+,3-,3!*831!1#2,*/#;!3E83!101*4!28:-D1I!2/;#8D!08D,1!Z82!+,3-,3F!
!
<(1"'67#L3'L=)6)%1"L>'(A#&%#&*<=>*
WE1!"[email protected]!/2!*12-+#2/^D1!5+*!:8#8;/#;!3E1!28:-D/#;!/#-,3!+5!3E1!7E/[email protected]==c)!7E/-!E82!
3Z+!21-8*831O!?=X^/3!:,D3/-D1M1*2!8#I!/2!78-8^D1!+5!28:-D/#;!?Fdd!:/DD/+#!28:-D12!-1*!
217+#Ig?ThF!
!
J+*!+,*!I12/;#!Z1!Z1*1!/#31*1231I!/#!:113/#;!8#I!1M711I/#;!3E1!:8M/:,:!5*1],1#74!
-1*71/08^D1!^4!3E1!V"<F!WE/2!/2!34-/78DD4!8*+,#I!=>![VbO!2+!^4!0/*3,1!+5!3E1!%4],/23!<8:-D/#;!
WE1+*1:!Z1!#11I1I!3+!28:-D1!83!D1823!(>![VbO!3E+,;E!+^0/+,2D4!/:-*+0/#;!+#!3E/2!08D,1!Z+,DI!
^1!/I18DF!WE/2!E/;E1*!28:-D/#;!*831!/2!#11I1I!^178,21!+5!#+/21!/#3*+I,71I!/#3+!3E1!24231:!^4!
8:-D/5/783/+#F! !
Page 12
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
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WE1!ac==c)!:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*!/2!78-8^D1!+5!7D+7[/#;!/32!"[email protected]!83!c!aVb!Z/3E!187E!7+#01*2/+#!
*1],/*/#;!PFc!7D+7[!747D12!g?ThF!WE1!*12,D3!/2!8!3E1+*13/78D!:8M/:,:!28:-D/#;!*8;1!+5!cPPGVb!
ZE/7E!/2!3E1+*13/78DD4!:+*1!3E8#!Z82!*1],/*1I!5+*!3E121!7/*7,:238#712F!\#!*18D/34!87E/10/#;!3E/2!
28:-D/#;!*831!/2!:,7E!:+*1!I/55/7,D3!I,1!3+!3E1!#17122/34!+5!3E1!:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*!3+!:8#8;1!8!
D8*;1!#,:^1*!+5!382[2!82/I1!5*+:!28:-D/#;F!"531*!:,7E!7+I1!8#I!7+:-/D1*!+-3/:/b83/+#!8!
-*873/78D!28:-D/#;!*831!+5!k?=c[Vb!Z82!87E/101IO!ZE/7E!ZE/D1!:,7E!D+Z1*!3E8#!3E1!23831I!
3E1+*13/78D!:8M/:,:O!/2!23/DD!8:-D1!5+*!+,*!#11I2F! !
!
WE1!0+D38;1!*151*1#71!-+*32!Z1*1!8D2+!I131*:/#1I!E1*1O!ZE/7E!8DD+Z!,2!3+!213!8!*8#;1!+5!
0+D38;12!^4!ZE/7E!Z1!78#!28:-D1F!WE/2!/2!,215,D!5+*!/#31*587/#;!3E1!8:-D/5/1*!7/*7,/3!3+!3E1!
:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*!82!+,*!8:-D/5/1I!2/;#8D!/2!+55213!^4!oT6F!
DCDCM <72)'*N7%.7%*
\#!+*I1*!3+!;1#1*831!8#!8,I/^D1!2/;#8D!/3!/2!#171228*4!3+!*17+#23*,73!8#!8#8D+;,1!2/;#8D!5*+:!3E1!
I/;/38D!28:-D1I!+#1F!WE/2!Z82!877+:-D/2E1I!3E*+,;E!3E1!,[email protected]()==!9"@F!WE/2!:/7*+7E/-!
8771-32!8!2/M311#X^/3!I/;/38D!-87[13!3E83!/3!3E1#!,212!3+!;1#1*831!8!2,:!*1-*121#3/#;!3E1!2/;#8D!
23*1#;3E!83!8!;/01#!3/:1F!WZ1D01!+5!3E1!2/M311#!^/32!/#!3E1!-87[13!*1-*121#3!3E1!D101D!+5!3E1!
2/;#8D!ZE/D1!3E1!*1:8/#/#;!5+,*!^/32!8*1!,21I!5+*!7+#3*+DF!WE1!7+#3*+D!^/32!8DD+Z!5+*!3E1!
1#8^D/#;AI/28^D/#;!+5!3E1!+,3-,3!82!Z1DD!82!3E1!7+#5/;,*/#;!+5!3E1!:8M/:,:!I838!^/3!21],1#71!
D1#;3EO!*151*1#71!0+D38;12O!8#I!+,3-,3!/:-1I8#712F!J/;,*1!?=!8#I!J/;,*1!?T!2E+Z!8!I,::4!
I/;/38D!2/;#8DO!8#I!3E1!*12,D3/#;!8#8D+;,1!2/;#8DF!
Page 13
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
!
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Figure 12: Digital DAC test input signal (Top) and
Figure 13: Test overall system input (top) and resulting DAC
output (bottom)
associated clock (Bottom)
!
</;#8D2!Z1*1!28:-D1I!0/8!3E1!+27/DD+27+-1!3+!-*+0/I1!2+D/I!10/I1#71!3E83!+,*!I/;/38D!2/;#8D!
+,3-,3!Z82!5,#73/+#/#;!-*+-1*D4F!WE1!*12,D32!8*1!2E+Z#!/#!J/;,*1!?(!8#I!J/;,*1!?c!eJ/;,*12!8*1!
#+3!+5!3E1!28:1!3/:1!5*8:1fF!%+31!3E83!3E1!2423+D1!8#I!I/823+D1!8*1!7D18*D4!0/2/^D1!82!-8/*1I!
-,D212O!Z/3E!3E1!I/823+D1!83!8!D1221*!8:-D/3,I1F!
!
!
!
Figure 14: Sampled analogue source signal
Figure 15: Sampled Digital Output
!
\3!/2!7D18*!5*+:!J/;,*1!?c!3E83!3E1!I/;/38D!2/;#8D!/2!/#3873!8#I!7+#38/#2!,215,D!/#5+*:83/+#F!\3!Z82!
5+,#I!3E83!8!#+3/718^D1!8:+,#3!+5!D+Z!8:-D/3,I1!E/;E!5*1],1#74!#+/21!Z82!/#3*+I,71I!/#!3E1!
I/;/38D!2/;#8DF!WE1!E18I-E+#1!I*/01*!7/*7,/3!eI/27,221I!-*10/+,2D4!/#!2173/+#!=F?FTf!7+##1731I!3+!
3E1!+,3-,3!+5!3E1!9"@!*1:+01I!3E1!:8C+*/34!+5!3E/2!#+/21!8D3E+,;E!2+:1!8,I/^D1!8:+,#3!
*1:8/#1IF!
Page 14
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
DCDCO P+Q*R&)%)(6*
<3+*8;1!78-8^/D/34!+5!8!I/;/38D!E18*3!^183!2+,#I!5/D1!3+!.<L!:1I/8!Z82!/:-D1:1#31I!/#!3E1!/V18*3!
-*+C173F!WE1!.<L!382[!Z82!8II1I!/#3+!3E1!alm!31:-D831!D/23!8#I!Z82!213!3+!8,3+!238*3!+#!-*+C173!
1M17,3/+#F!
!!
WE1!5+DD+Z/#;!08*/8^D12!Z1*1!/#0+D01I!/#!3E1!.<L!5,#73/+#8D/34_!
•
•
•
•
•
•
sample (global 16 bit unsigned integer)
- ^,551*2!3E1!?d!^/3!28:-D1!+5!E18*3!2+,#I
buffStart(integer)
- flag to indicate when heart sounds are to begin filling into on board
memory
:4;;<455!e/#31;1*f
- 5D8;!3+!/#I/7831!ZE1#!3E1!^,551*!/2!3+!78-87/34
+7.=,)!e?d!^/3!,#2/;#1I!/#31;1*f
- ^,551*!8**84!+5!E18*3!2+,#I!I838
'>[email protected]!e?d!^/3!,#2/;#1I!/#31;1*f
- ! #,:^1*!1D1:1#32!+5!3E1!8^+01!^,551*!8**84!I15/#1I!3+!^1!dc>>!
1D1:1#32
178+5,?&4#)!e/#31;1*!34-1f
!
\#!3E1!"[email protected]@+#01*2/+#ef!5,#73/+#!8!?d!^/3!28:-D1!+5!3E1!E18*3!2+,#I!Z82!^,551*1I!/#3+!3E1!
08*/8^D1!178+5,!F!WE1!5+DD+Z/#;!7+I1!^D+7[!8DD+Z2!3E1!5,#73/+#!3+!/#/3/831!3E1!D+8I/#;!+5!3E1!
+#^+8*I!^,551*_!
!
-87[13g^,55J,DDhp28:-D1q!
^,55J,DDpe^,55J,DDo?frB"@G$W<\s$q!
/5e^,55J,DDtp>f!^,55<38*3p?q!
!
WE1!.<LnW82[F7!5/D1!7+#38/#1I!8!.<LnQ*/31ef!5,#73/+#F!WE/2!5,#73/+#!+-1#2!8!5/D1!5+*!3E1!2+,#I2!
3+!^1!Z*/331#!3+!/#!8--1#I!:+I1F!$**+*!7E17[/#;!Z82!/#7D,I1I!Z/3E!3E1!+-1#/#;!+5!3E1!5/D1F!"!5+*!
D++-!Z82!,21I!3+!3*8#251*!E18*3!2+,#I!I838!5*+:!+#^+8*I!:1:+*4!3+!8#!8**84!,21I!2+!3E1!
5Z*/31ef!238#I8*[email protected]!D/^*8*4!5,#73/+#!7+,DI!^1!,21IO!Z*/3/#;!I/*173D4!3+!3E1!.<L!5/D1F!.<LnQ*/31ef!
3E1#!7D+21I!3E1!5/D1!g?=hF!
!
Page 15
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
K3E1*!5,#73/+#2!3E1!.<LnW82[F7!5/D1!/#7D,I1I!Z1*1!8!.<L!E+23!101#3!3+!E8#ID1!2383,2!+5!
83387EAI1387EO!/ID1O!+*!/#31*587/#;!238312F!"!.<LnW82[ef!5,#73/+#O!8D2+!/#!3E1!5/D1!3E83!I/I!1**+*!
7E17[/#;!8#I!8DD+Z1I!3E1!aJ<!5/D1!24231:!3+!^1!/#238DD1IF!WE1!.<LnQ*/31ef!5,#73/+#!:1#3/+#1I!
8^+01!/2!78DD1I!/::1I/831D4!8531*F!
!!
WE1!5/D1!24231:!/#238DD83/+#!Z82!/:-D1:1#31I!/#!3E1!.<LnJ/D1F7!5/D1!82!Z1DD!82!/32!,#/#238DD/#;O!
8#I!78DD/#;!3+!5*11!24231:!:1:+*4!5*+:!.<L!873/0/3/12F!$**+*!7+I/#;!3+!7E17[!-*+-1*!,21!+5!3E1!
5/D1!24231:!Z82!-*+0/I1I!/#!3E1!.<LnJ/D1F7!5/D1F!
!!
\#!;1#1*8DO!3E1!78-8^/D/3/12!+5!.<L!8*1!0823F!.<L!78#!^1!,21I!#+3!+#D4!82!8!5/D1!23+*8;1!I10/71!^,3!
5+*!+3E1*!;1#1*8D!I838!3*8#251*2!3+!+^C1732!2,7E!82!#13Z+*[!7+##173/+#2!8#I!:1I/8!I10/712!8#I!
82!E+23!+*!2D801!7+#3*+DD1*2!5+*!E,:8#!/#31*5871!I10/712!g?=hO!137F!WE/2!7+:-D/783/+#!8II1I!3+!
3E1!3/:1!8#I!1#1*;4!3+!*1218*7E!3E*+,;E!J*11278D1u2!I+7,:1#383/+#!5+*!3E1!7+**173!
/:-D1:1#383/+#!:13E+IF!
!
"DD!8331:-32!3+!7+DD173!:18#/#;5,D!I838!5*+:!3E1!.<L!5/D1!58/D1IF!Q1!833*/^,31!3E1!58/D,*1!3+!8#!
/#8^/D/34!3+!-*+-1*D4!^8D8#71!-*+712212F!\#!3E/2!7821!/3!211:2!D/[1D4!3E83!3E1!^,551*!Z82!^1/#;!
Z*/331#!3+O!ZE/D1!I838!Z82!^1/#;!Z*/331#!3+!3E1!.<LF!WE/2!Z+,DI!*12,D3!/#!+01*D8--/#;!I8382132!
ZE/7E!Z+,DI!:8#/5123!/321D5!82!;8*^8;1!I838F! !
!!
H/71#2/#;!/22,12!Z/[email protected]==c)!I1:+#23*83/+#!2+53Z8*1!213!+,*!318:!^87[!5+*!83!D1823!8!
Z11[F!Q1!8331:-31I!3+!3123!3E1!a/7*+2+53!J/D1!<4231:!eaJ<f!I1:+#23*83/+#!7+I1O!E+Z101*O!Z1!
Z1*1!Z8*#1I!Z/3E!8#!7+:-/D83/+#!1**+*!7+I1!/#I/783/#;!Z1!1M711I1I!D/71#71!78-87/34F!Q1!Z1*1!
8/I1I!^4!3E1!D8^!317E#/7/8#2!3+!*1:1I4!3E/2!Z/3E!,-I831I!2+53Z8*1F!WE1!#1Z!2+53Z8*1!8DD+Z1I!
,2!3+!3123!3E1!aJ<!.<L!I1:+!7+I1!3+!^1331*!,#I1*238#I!E+Z!3+!/:-D1:1#3!.<L!5/D1!23+*8;1!
5,#73/+#8D/34F!
DCE H'S#&*<(1":-)-*
"2!3E1!I10/71!Z/DD!#11I!3+!+-1*831!Z/*1D122D4!/3!Z/DD!*1],/*1!8!^8331*4!78-8^D1!+5!2,--+*3/#;!8DD!
3E1!8:-D/5/783/+#!8#I!-*+7122/#;F!WE1!-+Z1*!8#8D42/2!+5!3E1!I10/71!/2!2E+Z#!/#!W8^D1!=!
Page 16
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
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Table 2: Power analysis. All values are measured except those for the MCF53359[13]. This device uses less than 3
watts, which is a reasonable rate of energy consumption for hand-held devices.
DCG >'-%*<(1":-)-*
"!7+23!8#8D42/2!/2!8DZ842!^123!I+#1!82!8!Z+*23X7821!271#8*/+!e<11!W8^D1!TfF!W+!/#2,*1!3E/2!
2/3,83/+#!+,*!7+23X8#8D42/2!E82!^11#!-1*5+*:1I!,2/#;!*138/D!7+:-+#1#3!08D,12F!\#!3E1!101#3!+5!
:822!-*+I,73/+#O!7+232!Z/DD!^1!I*823/78DD4!*1I,[email protected]+232!E801!^11#!801*8;1I!+01*!2101*8D!
+#D/#1!*138/D1*2!/#7D,I/#;!9/;/[14O!"DD/1I!$D173*+#/72O!8#I!l,18D1!$D173*+#/72!8#I!Z1*1!877,*831!
82!+5!S,D4!=dO!=>?>F!
!
Table 3: Cost analysis of estethoscope [14]
E
>'($"7-)'(8*
"!Z+*[/#;!-*+3+34-1!I/;/38D!2313E+27+-1!Z82!2,771225,DD4!I12/;#1I!8#I!^,/D3O!:113/#;!8DD!7*/31*/8!
+*/;/#8DD4!D8/I!+,3!82!;+8D2F!%+3!8DD!231-2!Z/3E/#!3E1!-*+7122!8*1!7+:-D131D4!/#31;*831IO!^,3!Z/3E!
:/#/:8D!Z+*[O!8!-1*2+#!78#!-1*5+*:!8!:182,*1:1#3O!D/231#!3+!8!2/;#8D!2801!I838!3+!8!.<L!I*/01!
8#I!3E1#!0/2,8D/b1!3E1!I838O!82!Z1DD!82!*17*1831!8!FZ80!5/D1F! !
!
"!:/7*+-E+#1!:+,#3!24231:!Z82!I101D+-1I!,3/D/b/#;!8#!8#8D+;,1!2313E+27+-1!E18IO!Z/3E!8!
-/1b+1D173*/7!:/7*+-E+#1!:+,#31I!/#!3E1!E18IF!WE/2!:/7*+-E+#1!;1#1*831I!8!2/;#8D!3E83!Z82!
8:-D/5/1I!8#I!I/;/38DD4!28:-D1I!,2/#;!8!:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*F!WE1!:/7*+7+#3*+DD1*!3E1#!+,3-,331I!
Page 17
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$D173*+#/7!<313E+27+-1!
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I*/01!Z82!/#21*31I!/#3+!3E1!I*/01O!I838!Z82!2801I!+#3+!3E1!I*/01F!
!
Q/3E!8!-+Z1*!7+#2,:-3/+#!+5!*+,;ED4!T!QO!3E/2!I10/71!Z/DD!*1],/*1!8!*182+#8^D1!-+Z1*!2,--D4O!
ZE/7E!/2!#+3!8!^/;!/22,1O!;/01#!3E1!,^/],/3+,2!#83,*1!+5!E/;EX-+Z1*1I!I/;/38D!I10/712F!
!
WE1!8#8D+;,1!82-1732!+5!3E1!7/*7,/3!5,#73/+#1I!82!I12/;#1I!8#I!^1331*!3E8#!I12/*1IF!WE1!
:/7*+-E+#1A2313E+27+-1!/#31;*83/+#!*12,D31I!/#!58#3823/7!2/;#8D!78-3,*1F!WE1!8:-D/5/783/+#!+5!
3E/2!2/;#8D!*12,D31I!/#!8!01*4!E/;E!],8D/34!2/;#8D!3E83!E8I!8!,28^D1!5*1],1#74!*8#;1!3E83!Z1DD!
1M711I1I!3E1!#11I2!+5!3E1!-*+C173F!
!
WE1!I/;/38D!28:-D/#;O!8531*!2/;#/5/78#3!+-3/:/b83/+#!Z82!78-8^D1!+5!7+DD173/#;!28:-D12!83!8!*831!
3E83!Z82!78-8^D1!+5!*17*183/#;!8#4!8,I/^D1!2+,#IF!WE/2!*831!Z82!*+,;ED4!?=c![VbO!ZE/7E!Z1DD!
1M711I2!3E1!:/#/:,:!+5!(>![VbF!
!
9/;/38D!+,3-,3!*12,D31I!/#!8!2/;#8D!3E83!Z82!,28^D1O!^,3!7+#38/#/#;!E/;E!5*1],1#74!#+/21F!WE1!
#+/21O!ZE/D1!/**/383/#;O!I/I!#+3!/:-1I1!3E1!8^/D/34!3+!*1-*+I,71!3E1!2+,#I2!^1/#;!7+DD1731I!83!3E1!
2313E+27+-1F! !
!
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Page A- ii
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MCP4921/4922
12-Bit DAC with SPI™ Interface
Features
Description
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Microchip Technology Inc. MCP492X are 2.7 –
5.5V, low-power, low DNL, 12-Bit Digital-to-Analog Converters (DACs) with optional 2x buffered output and SPI
interface.
The MCP492X are DACs that provide high accuracy
and low noise performance for industrial applications
where calibration or compensation of signals (such as
temperature, pressure and humidity) are required.
The MCP492X are available in the extended temperature range and PDIP, SOIC, MSOP and TSSOP
packages.
The MCP492X devices utilize a resistive string architecture, with its inherent advantages of low DNL error,
low ratio metric temperature coefficient and fast settling
time. These devices are specified over the extended
temperature range. The MCP492X include doublebuffered inputs, allowing simultaneous updates using
the LDAC pin. These devices also incorporate a
Power-On Reset (POR) circuit to ensure reliable
power-up.
12-Bit Resolution
±0.2 LSB DNL (typ)
±2 LSB INL (typ)
Single or Dual Channel
Rail-to-Rail Output
SPI™ Interface with 20 MHz Clock Support
Simultaneous Latching of the Dual DACs w/LDAC
Fast Settling Time of 4.5 µs
Selectable Unity or 2x Gain Output
450 kHz Multiplier Mode
External VREF Input
2.7V to 5.5V Single-Supply Operation
Extended Temperature Range: -40°C to +125°C
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
Set Point or Offset Trimming
Sensor Calibration
Digitally-Controlled Multiplier/Divider
Portable Instrumentation (Battery-Powered)
Motor Feedback Loop Control
Package Types
8-Pin PDIP, SOIC, MSOP
Block Diagram
SDI
SCK
VDD 1
LDAC
CS 2
Power-on
Reset
Interface Logic
VDD
SCK 3
SDI 4
MCP4921
CS
8 VOUTA
7 AVSS
6 VREFA
5 LDAC
AVSS
14-Pin PDIP, SOIC, TSSOP
Input
Input
Register A Register B
DACB
Register
VREF
String
DACA
Gain
Logic
B
String
DACB
Gain
Logic
Output
Op Amps
13 VREFA
SCK 4
SDI 5
Buffer
Buffer
NC 2
CS 3
VREF
A
14 VOUTA
MCP4922
DACA
Register
VDD 1
12 AVSS
11 VREFB
10 VOUTB
NC 6
9 SHDN
NC 7
8 LDAC
Output
Logic
VOUTA
SHDN
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
VOUTB
DS21897B-page 1
MCP4921/4922
1.0
ELECTRICAL
CHARACTERISTICS
Absolute Maximum Ratings †
VDD ............................................................................................................. 6.5V
† Notice: Stresses above those listed under “Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a
stress rating only and functional operation of the device at
those or any other conditions above those indicated in the
operational listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may
affect device reliability.
All inputs and outputs w.r.t ............. AVSS –0.3V to VDD+0.3V
Current at Input Pins ....................................................±2 mA
Current at Supply Pins ...............................................±50 mA
Current at Output Pins ...............................................±25 mA
Storage temperature .....................................-65°C to +150°C
Ambient temp. with power applied ................-55°C to +125°C
ESD protection on all pins ........... ≥ 4 kV (HBM), ≥ 400V (MM)
Maximum Junction Temperature (TJ) . .........................+150°C
5V AC/DC CHARACTERISTICS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = 5V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, output buffer gain (G) = 2x, RL = 5 kΩ
to GND, CL = 100 pF TA = -40 to +85°C. Typical values at +25°C.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Input Voltage
VDD
2.7
—
5.5
Input Current - MCP4921
Input Current - MCP4922
IDD
—
—
175
350
350
700
µA
Conditions
Power Requirements
Hardware Shutdown Current
ISHDN
—
0.3
2
µA
Software Shutdown Current
ISHDN_SW
—
3.3
6
µA
Power-on-Reset Threshold
VPOR
—
2.0
—
V
Input unbuffered, digital inputs
grounded, output unloaded,
code at 0x000
DC Accuracy
Resolution
n
12
—
—
Bits
INL Error
INL
-12
2
12
LSB
DNL
DNL
-0.75
±0.2
+0.75
Offset Error
VOS
—
±0.02
1
VOS/°C
—
0.16
—
ppm/°C
-45°C to 25°C
—
-0.44
—
ppm/°C
+25°C to 85°C
gE
—
-0.10
1
∆G/°C
—
-3
—
ppm/°C
Input Range - Buffered Mode
VREF
0.040
—
VDD – 0.040
V
Input Range - Unbuffered
Mode
VREF
0
—
VDD
V
Input Impedance
RVREF
—
165
—
kΩ
Input Capacitance Unbuffered Mode
CVREF
—
7
—
pF
Multiplier Mode
-3 dB Bandwidth
fVREF
—
450
—
kHz
VREF = 2.5V ±0.2Vp-p, Unbuffered,
G=1
fVREF
—
400
—
kHz
VREF = 2.5V ±0.2 Vp-p, Unbuffered,
G=2
THDVREF
—
-73
—
dB
VREF = 2.5V ±0.2Vp-p,
Frequency = 1 kHz
Offset Error Temperature
Coefficient
Gain Error
Gain Error Temperature
Coefficient
LSB
Device is Monotonic
% of FSR Code 0x000h
% of FSR Code 0xFFFh, not including offset
error.
Input Amplifier (VREF Input)
Multiplier Mode Total Harmonic Distortion
Note 1:
2:
Note 1
Code = 2048
VREF = 0.2v p-p, f = 100 Hz and 1 kHz
Unbuffered Mode
By design, not production tested.
Too small to quantify.
DS21897B-page 2
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
5V AC/DC CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED)
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = 5V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, output buffer gain (G) = 2x, RL = 5 kΩ
to GND, CL = 100 pF TA = -40 to +85°C. Typical values at +25°C.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Conditions
Output Swing
VOUT
—
—
Phase Margin
θm
0.010
to VDD
– 0.040
—
66
—
degrees
Slew Rate
SR
—
0.55
—
V/µs
Short Circuit Current
ISC
—
15
24
mA
tsettling
—
4.5
—
µs
DAC-to-DAC Crosstalk
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Major Code Transition Glitch
—
45
—
nV-s
1 LSB change around major carry
(0111...1111 to 1000...0000)
Digital Feedthrough
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Analog Crosstalk
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Output Amplifier
Settling Time
Accuracy is better than 1 LSB for
VOUT = 10 mV to (VDD – 40 mV)
Within 1/2 LSB of final value from 1/4
to 3/4 full-scale range
Dynamic Performance
Note 1:
2:
By design, not production tested.
Too small to quantify.
3V AC/DC CHARACTERISTICS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = 3V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V external, output buffer gain (G) = 1x,
RL = 5 kΩ to GND, CL = 100 pF TA = -40 to +85°C. Typical values at 25°C
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Input Voltage
VDD
2.7
—
5.5
Input Current - MCP4921
Input Current - MCP4922
IDD
—
—
125
250
250
500
Units
Conditions
Power Requirements
µA
Hardware Shutdown Current
ISHDN
—
0.25
2
µA
Software Shutdown Current
ISHDN_SW
—
2
6
µA
Power-On Reset threshold
VPOR
—
2.0
—
V
Input unbuffered, digital inputs
grounded, output unloaded,
code at 0x000
DC Accuracy
Resolution
n
12
—
—
Bits
INL Error
INL
-12
±3
+12
LSB
DNL
DNL
-0.75
±0.3
+0.75
LSB
VOS
—
±0.02
1
% of FSR
Code 0x000h
VOS/°C
—
0.5
—
ppm/°C
-45°C to 25°C
Offset Error
Offset Error Temperature
Coefficient
—
-0.77
—
ppm/°C
gE
—
-0.15
1
% of FSR
∆G/°C
—
-3
—
ppm/°C
Input Range - Buffered Mode
VREF
0.040
—
VDD-0.040
V
Input Range - Unbuffered
Mode
VREF
0
—
VDD
V
Input Impedance
RVREF
—
165
—
kΩ
Gain Error
Gain Error Temperature
Coefficient
Device is Monotonic
+25°C to 85°C
Code 0xFFFh, not including offset
error.
Input Amplifier (VREF Input)
Note 1:
2:
Note 1
Code = 2048,
VREF = 0.2v p-p, f = 100 Hz and 1 kHz
Unbuffered Mode
By design, not production tested.
Too small to quantify.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 3
MCP4921/4922
3V AC/DC CHARACTERISTICS (CONTINUED)
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = 3V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V external, output buffer gain (G) = 1x,
RL = 5 kΩ to GND, CL = 100 pF TA = -40 to +85°C. Typical values at 25°C
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Input Capacitance –
Unbuffered Mode
CVREF
—
7
—
pF
Multiplier Mode
-3 dB Bandwidth
fVREF
—
440
—
kHz
VREF = 2.048V ±0.1 Vp-p, unbuffered,
G=1
fVREF
—
390
—
kHz
VREF = 2.048V ±0.1 Vp-p, unbuffered,
G=2
THDVREF
—
-73
—
dB
VREF = 2.5V ±0.1 Vp-p,
Frequency = 1 kHz
Output Swing
VOUT
—
0.010
to VDD
– 0.040
—
Multiplier Mode –
Total Harmonic Distortion
Conditions
Output Amplifier
Accuracy is better than 1 LSB for
VOUT = 10 mV to (VDD – 40 mV)
Phase Margin
θm
—
66
—
degrees
Slew Rate
SR
—
0.55
—
V/µs
Short Circuit Current
ISC
—
14
24
mA
tsettling
—
4.5
—
µs
DAC-to-DAC Crosstalk
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Major Code Transition Glitch
—
45
—
nV-s
1 LSB change around major carry
(0111...1111 to 1000...0000)
Digital Feedthrough
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Analog Crosstalk
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Settling Time
Within 1/2 LSB of final value from 1/4
to 3/4 full-scale range
Dynamic Performance
Note 1:
2:
By design, not production tested.
Too small to quantify.
5V EXTENDED TEMPERATURE SPECIFICATIONS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = 5V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, output buffer gain (G) = 2x, RL = 5 kΩ
to GND, CL = 100 pF. Typical values at +125°C by characterization or simulation.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Input Voltage
VDD
2.7
—
5.5
Input Current - MCP4921
Input Current - MCP4922
IDD
—
—
200
400
—
—
Hardware Shutdown Current
ISHDN
—
1.5
—
µA
Software Shutdown Current
ISHDN_SW
—
5
—
µA
Power-On Reset threshold
VPOR
—
1.85
—
V
Conditions
Power Requirements
µA
Input unbuffered, digital inputs
grounded, output unloaded,
code at 0x000
DC Accuracy
Resolution
n
12
—
—
Bits
INL Error
INL
—
±4
—
LSB
DNL
DNL
—
±0.25
—
LSB
VOS
—
±0.02
—
% of FSR
VOS/°C
—
-5
—
ppm/°C
Offset Error
Offset Error Temperature
Coefficient
Note 1:
2:
Device is Monotonic
Code 0x000h
+25°C to +125°C
By design, not production tested.
Too small to quantify.
DS21897B-page 4
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
5V EXTENDED TEMPERATURE SPECIFICATIONS (CONTINUED)
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = 5V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, output buffer gain (G) = 2x, RL = 5 kΩ
to GND, CL = 100 pF. Typical values at +125°C by characterization or simulation.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
gE
—
-0.10
—
% of FSR
∆G/°C
—
-3
—
ppm/°C
Input Range - Buffered Mode
VREF
—
0.040 to
VDD0.040
—
V
Input Range - Unbuffered
Mode
VREF
0
—
VDD
V
Input Impedance
RVREF
—
174
—
kΩ
Input Capacitance Unbuffered Mode
CVREF
—
7
—
pF
Multiplying Mode
-3 dB Bandwidth
fVREF
—
450
—
kHz
VREF = 2.5V ±0.1 Vp-p, Unbuffered,
G=1
fVREF
—
400
—
kHz
VREF = 2.5V ±0.1 Vp-p, Unbuffered,
G=2
THDVREF
—
—
—
dB
VREF = 2.5V ±0.1Vp-p,
Frequency = 1 kHz
Output Swing
VOUT
—
—
Phase Margin
θm
0.010 to
VDD –
0.040
—
66
—
degrees
Slew Rate
SR
—
0.55
—
V/µs
Short Circuit Current
ISC
—
17
—
mA
tsettling
—
4.5
—
µs
DAC to DAC Crosstalk
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Major Code Transition Glitch
—
45
—
nV-s
1 LSB change around major carry
(0111...1111 to 1000...0000)
Digital Feedthrough
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Analog Crosstalk
—
10
—
nV-s
Note 2
Gain Error
Gain Error Temperature
Coefficient
Conditions
Code 0xFFFh, not including offset
error
Input Amplifier (VREF Input)
Multiplying Mode - Total
Harmonic Distortion
Note 1
Code = 2048,
VREF = 0.2v p-p, f = 100 Hz and 1 kHz
Unbuffered Mode
Output Amplifier
Settling Time
Accuracy is better than 1 LSB for
VOUT = 10 mV to (VDD – 40 mV)
Within 1/2 LSB of final value from 1/4
to 3/4 full-scale range
Dynamic Performance
Note 1:
2:
By design, not production tested.
Too small to quantify.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 5
MCP4921/4922
AC CHARACTERISTICS (SPI TIMING SPECIFICATIONS)
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD= 2.7V – 5.5V, TA= -40 to +125°C.
Typical values are at +25°C.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Schmitt Trigger High-Level
Input Voltage (All digital input
pins)
VIH
0.7 VDD
—
—
V
Schmitt Trigger Low-Level
Input Voltage
(All digital input pins)
VIL
—
—
0.2 VD
V
Conditions
D
VHYS
—
0.05 VDD
—
Input Leakage Current
ILEAKAGE
-1
—
1
µA
SHDN = LDAC = CS = SDI =
SCK + VREF = VDD or AVSS
Digital Pin Capacitance
(All inputs/outputs)
CIN,
COUT
—
10
—
pF
VDD = 5.0V, TA = +25°C,
fcLK = 1 MHz (Note 1)
Clock Frequency
FCLK
—
—
20
MHz
Clock High Time
tHI
15
—
—
ns
Note 1
tLO
15
—
—
ns
Note 1
tCSSR
40
—
—
ns
Applies only when CS falls with
CLK high. (Note 1)
tSU
15
—
—
ns
Note 1
Data Input Hold Time
tHD
10
—
—
ns
Note 1
SCK Rise to CS Rise Hold
Time
tCHS
15
—
—
ns
Note 1
CS High Time
tCSH
15
—
—
ns
Note 1
LDAC Pulse Width
tLD
100
—
—
ns
Note 1
LDAC Setup Time
tLS
40
—
—
ns
Note 1
tIDLE
40
—
—
ns
Note 1
Hysteresis of Schmitt Trigger
Inputs
Clock Low Time
CS Fall to First Rising CLK
Edge
Data Input Setup Time
SCK Idle Time before CS Fall
Note 1:
TA = +25°C (Note 1)
By design and characterization, not production tested.
tCSH
CS
tIDLE
tCSSR
Mode 1,1
tHI
tLO
tCHS
SCK Mode 0,0
tSU
tHD
SI
MSB in
LSB in
LDAC
tLS
FIGURE 1-1:
DS21897B-page 6
tLD
SPI™ Input Timing.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Electrical Specifications: Unless otherwise indicated, VDD = +2.7V to +5.5V, AVSS = GND.
Parameters
Sym
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Specified Temperature Range
TA
-40
—
+125
°C
Operating Temperature Range
TA
-40
—
+125
°C
Storage Temperature Range
TA
-65
—
+150
°C
Thermal Resistance, 8L-PDIP
θJA
—
85
—
°C/W
Thermal Resistance, 8L-SOIC
θJA
—
163
—
°C/W
Thermal Resistance, 8L-MSOP
θJA
—
206
—
°C/W
Thermal Resistance, 14L-PDIP
θJA
—
70
—
°C/W
Thermal Resistance, 14L-SOIC
θJA
—
120
—
°C/W
Thermal Resistance, 14L-TSSOP
θJA
—
100
—
°C/W
Conditions
Temperature Ranges
Note 1
Thermal Package Resistances
Note 1:
The MCP492X family of DACs operate over this extended temperature range, but with reduced
performance. Operation in this range must not cause TJ to exceed the Maximum Junction Temperature of
150°C.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 7
MCP4921/4922
2.0
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVES
Note:
The graphs and tables provided following this note are a statistical summary based on a limited number of
samples and are provided for informational purposes only. The performance characteristics listed herein
are not tested or guaranteed. In some graphs or tables, the data presented may be outside the specified
operating range (e.g., outside specified power supply range) and therefore outside the warranted range.
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V , AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, Gain = 2, RL = 5 kΩ, CL = 100 pF.
0.3
0.0766
Absolute DNL (LSB)
DNL (LSB)
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
-0.2
0.0764
0.0762
0.076
0.0758
0.0756
0.0754
0.0752
0.075
-0.3
0
1024
2048
3072
-40
4096
FIGURE 2-4:
Temperature.
DNL vs. Code.
20
40
60
80
100 120
Absolute DNL vs. Ambient
0.35
Absolute DNL (LSB)
0.2
0.1
DNL (LSB)
0
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
Code (Decimal)
FIGURE 2-1:
-20
0
-0.1
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
-0.2
0
1024
2048
3072
Code (Decimal)
FIGURE 2-2:
Temperature.
125C
4096
85C
1
3
4
5
Voltage Reference (V)
25C
DNL vs. Code and Ambient
2
FIGURE 2-5:
Reference.
Absolute DNL vs. Voltage
0.4
0.3
DNL (LSB)
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
0
1024
2048
Code (Decimal)
FIGURE 2-3:
Gain=1.
DS21897B-page 8
3072
1
2
4096
3
4
5.5
DNL vs. Code and VREF.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
5
4
3
2
1
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
3
Ambient Temperature
125C
85
VREF
2
25
1
3
4
5.5
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
0
1024
2048
3072
4096
0
1024
Code (Decimal)
FIGURE 2-6:
Temperature.
INL vs. Code and Ambient
FIGURE 2-9:
2048
3072
Code (Decimal)
4096
INL vs. Code and VREF.
2
2.5
2
0
INL (LSB)
Absolute INL (LSB)
2
1
INL (LSB)
INL (LSB)
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V , AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, Gain = 2, RL = 5 kΩ, CL = 100 pF.
1.5
1
-2
-4
0.5
-6
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
0
120
1024
FIGURE 2-7:
Temperature.
2048
3072
4096
Code (Decimal)
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
Absolute INL vs. Ambient
FIGURE 2-10:
Note:
INL vs. Code.
Single device graph (Figure 2-10) for
illustration of 64 code effect.
Absolute INL (LSB)
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
1
2
3
4
5
Voltage Reference (V)
FIGURE 2-8:
Absolute INL vs. VREF.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 9
MCP4921/4922
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V, AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, Gain = 2.
210
400
5.5V
5.5V
5.0V
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
5.0V
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
170
VDD
150
350
IDD (µA)
250
130
110
200
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (°C)
IDD (µA)
MCP4921 IDD Histogram
IDD (µA)
9
16
8
14
7
12
6
5
4
3
MCP4922 IDD Histogram
FIGURE 2-15:
(VDD = 2.7V).
Occurrence
10
8
6
4
2
2
1
DS21897B-page 10
MCP4921 IDD Histogram
415
400
385
370
355
340
325
310
295
IDD (µA)
IDD (µA)
FIGURE 2-13:
(VDD = 5.0V).
280
151 156 161 166 171 176 181 186 191 196 201
265
0
0
250
Occurrence
FIGURE 2-12:
(VDD = 2.7V).
325
215
167
165
163
161
159
157
155
153
151
149
147
145
143
0
315
2
305
4
295
6
285
8
275
Occurrence
14
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
265
16
10
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-14:
MCP4922 IDD vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
18
12
-20
255
FIGURE 2-11:
MCP4921 IDD vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
-40
245
-20
235
-40
Occurrence
VDD
300
225
IDD (µA)
190
FIGURE 2-16:
(VDD = 5.0V).
MCP4922 IDD Histogram
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V , AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, Gain = 2, RL = 5 kΩ, CL = 100 pF.
2
-0.08
VDD
5.5V
5.0V
4.0V
1
3.0V
2.7V
0.5
5.5V
Gain Error (%)
ISHDN (µA)
1.5
VDD
-0.1
5.0V
-0.12
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
-0.14
-0.16
0
-40
-20
-40
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-17:
Hardware Shutdown Current
vs. Ambient Temperature and VDD.
-20
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-20:
Gain Error vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
6
VDD
4
ISHDN_SW (µA)
5.0V
4
4.0V
3
3.0V
2.7V
2
VDD
1
VIN Hi Threshold (V)
5.5V
5
0
5.0V
3
2.5
4.0V
2
3.0V
2.7V
1.5
1
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
-40
FIGURE 2-18:
Software Shutdown Current
vs. Ambient Temperature and VDD.
-20
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-21:
VIN High Threshold vs
Ambient Temperature and VDD.
0.12
0.08
VDD
0.06
0.04
5.5V
0.02
0
5.0V
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
-0.02
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-19:
Offset Error vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
VIN Low Threshold (V)
1.6
0.1
Offset Error (%)
5.5V
3.5
VDD
1.5
5.5V
1.4
5.0V
1.3
1.2
4.0V
1.1
1
3.0V
2.7V
0.9
0.8
-40
-20
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-22:
VIN Low Threshold vs
Ambient Temperature and VDD.
DS21897B-page 11
MCP4921/4922
VDD
5.5V
5.0V
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
-40 -20
0.0045
VOUT_LOW Limit (Y-AVSS)(V)
2.5
2.25
2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0
5.5V
0.0035
0.003
5.0V
0.0025
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
0.002
0.0015
-40 -20
0
20
40
60
80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-23:
Input Hysteresis vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
FIGURE 2-26:
VOUT Low Limit vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
18
175
VREF_UNBUFFERED Impedance
(kOhm)
5.5V 2.7V
VDD
170
165
160
VDD
17
5.5V
5.0V
4.0V
3.0V
2.7V
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
155
-40 -20
-40
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-24:
VREF Input Impedance vs.
Ambient Temperature and VDD.
0.045
5.0
0.035
VREF=4.0
4.0V
0.03
0.025
3.0V
2.7V
0.02
VDD
0.015
0.01
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
6.0
5.5V
5.0V
0.04
-20
FIGURE 2-27:
IOUT High Short vs.
Ambient Temperature and VDD.
VOUT (V)
VOUT_HI Limit (VDD-Y)(V)
VDD
0.004
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
IOUT_HI_SHORTED (mA)
VIN_SPI Hysteresis (V)
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V , AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, Gain = 2, RL = 5 kΩ, CL = 100 pF.
4.0
Output Shorted to VDD
3.0
2.0
1.0
Output Shorted to VSS
0.005
0.0
0
-40 -20
0
20 40 60 80 100 120
Ambient Temperature (ºC)
FIGURE 2-25:
VOUT High Limit vs. Ambient
Temperature and VDD.
DS21897B-page 12
0
2
FIGURE 2-28:
4
6
8
10
IOUT (mA)
12
14
16
IOUT vs VOUT. Gain = 1.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V , AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.048V, Gain = 2, RL = 5 kΩ, CL = 100 pF.
VOUT
VOUT
SCK
LDAC
LDAC
Time (1 µs/div)
FIGURE 2-29:
VOUT Rise Time 100%.
Time (1 µs/div)
FIGURE 2-32:
VOUT Rise Time 25% - 75%
VOUT
VOUT
SCK
SCK
LDAC
LDAC
Time (1 µs/div)
VOUT Fall Time.
FIGURE 2-33:
Shutdown.
VOUT
SCK
LDAC
Time (1 µs/div)
FIGURE 2-31:
VOUT Rise Time Exit
Ripple Rejection (dB)
FIGURE 2-30:
Time (1 µs/div)
VOUT Rise Time 50%.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Frequency (Hz)
FIGURE 2-34:
PSRR vs. Frequency.
DS21897B-page 13
MCP4921/4922
Note: Unless otherwise indicated, TA = +25°C, VDD = 5V , AVSS = 0V, VREF = 2.50V, Gain = 2, RL = 5 kΩ, CL = 100 pF.
0
Attenuation (dB)
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
-12
100
Frequency (kHz)
FIGURE 2-35:
160
416
672
928
1184
1440
1696
1952
2208
2464
2720
2976
3232
3488
3744
1,000
Multiplier Mode Bandwidth.
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
-45
qVREF – qVOUT
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
D=
0
-90
-135
-180
100
FIGURE 2-37:
Frequency (kHz)
160
416
672
928
1184
1440
1696
1952
2208
2464
2720
2976
3232
3488
3744
1,000
Phase Shift.
Bandwidth (kHz)
Figure 2-35 calculation:
Attenuation (dB) = 20 log (VOUT/VREF) – 20 log (G(D/4096))
600
580
560
540
520
500
480
460
440
420
400
G=1
G=2
44
37
88
34
32
32
76
29
20
27
64
24
08
22
52
19
96
16
40
14
84
11
8
92
2
67
6
41
0
16
Worst Case Codes (decimal)
FIGURE 2-36:
Codes.
DS21897B-page 14
-3 db Bandwidth vs. Worst
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
3.0
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
The descriptions of the pins are listed in Table 3-1.
TABLE 3-1:
PIN FUNCTION TABLE
MCP4921
Pin No.
MCP4922
Pin No.
Symbol
1
1
VDD
—
2
NC
No Connection
2
3
CS
Chip Select Input
3
4
SCK
Serial Clock Input
4
5
SDI
Serial Data Input
—
6
NC
No Connection
—
7
NC
No Connection
5
8
LDAC
Syncronization input used to transfer DAC settings from serial
latches to the output latches.
3.1
Function
Positive Power Supply Input (2.7V to 5.5V)
—
9
SHDN
Hardware Shutdown Input
—
10
VOUTB
DACB Output
—
11
VREFB
DACB Voltage Input (AVSS to VDD)
7
12
AVSS
Analog ground
6
13
VREFA
DACA Voltage Input (AVSS to VDD)
8
14
VOUTA
DACA Output
Positive Power Supply Input (VDD)
VDD is the positive power supply input. The input power
supply is relative to AVSS and can range from 2.7V to
5.5V. A decoupling capacitor on VDD is recommended
to achieve maximum performance.
3.6
SHDN is the hardware shutdown input that requires an
active-low input signal to configure the DACs in their
low-power Standby mode.
3.7
3.2
Chip Select (CS)
CS is the chip select input, which requires an active-low
signal to enable serial clock and data functions.
Serial Clock Input (SCK)
SCK is the SPI compatible serial clock input.
3.4
Serial Data Input (SDI)
SDI is the SPI compatible serial data input.
3.5
Latch DAC Input (LDAC)
LDAC (the latch DAC syncronization input) transfers
the input latch registers to the DAC registers (output
latches) when low. Can also be tied low if transfer on
the rising edge of CS is desired.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DACx Outputs (VOUTA, VOUTB)
VOUTA and VOUTB are DAC outputs. The DAC output
amplifier drives these pins with a range of AVSS to VDD.
3.8
3.3
Hardware Shutdown Input (SHDN)
DACX Voltage Reference Inputs
(VREFA, VREFB)
VREFA and VREFB are DAC voltage reference inputs.
The analog signal on these pins is utilized to set the reference voltage on the string DAC. The input signal can
range from AVSS to VDD.
3.9
Analog Ground (AVSS)
AVSS is the analog ground pin.
DS21897B-page 15
MCP4921/4922
4.0
GENERAL OVERVIEW
The MCP492X devices are voltage output string DACs.
These devices include input amplifiers, rail-to-rail output amplifiers, reference buffers, shutdown and resetmanagement circuitry. Serial communication conforms
to the SPI protocol. The MCP492X operates from 2.7V
to 5.5V supplies.
The coding of these devices is straight binary and the
ideal output voltage is given by Equation 4-1, where G
is the selected gain (1x or 2x), DN represents the digital
input value and n represents the number of bits of
resolution (n = 12).
EQUATION 4-1:
INL < 0
111
110
101
Digital
Input
Code
VREF, GAIN
MCP492X
MCP492X
4.0.1
External VREF, 1x
External VREF, 2x
Ideal transfer
function
000
INL < 0
1 LSB is the ideal voltage difference between two
successive codes. Table 4-1 illustrates how to calculate
LSB.
Device
011
001
V REF GD N
VOUT = ------------------------n
2
LSB SIZES
100
010
LSB SIZE
TABLE 4-1:
Actual
transfer
function
LSB SIZE
VREF/4096
2 VREF/4096
DAC Output
FIGURE 4-1:
4.0.2
INL Accuracy.
DNL ACCURACY
DNL error is the measure of variations in code widths
from the ideal code width. A DNL error of zero would
imply that every code is exactly 1 LSB wide.
INL ACCURACY
INL error for these devices is the maximum deviation
between an actual code transition point and its corresponding ideal transition point once offset and gain
errors have been removed. These endpoints are from
0x000 to 0xFFF. Refer to Figure 4-1.
Positive INL means transition(s) later than ideal.
Negative INL means transition(s) earlier than ideal.
111
110
101
Digital
Input
Code
Actual
transfer
function
100
Ideal transfer
function
011
010
Wide code, > 1 LSB
001
000
Narrow code < 1 LSB
DAC Output
FIGURE 4-2:
4.0.3
DNL Accuracy.
OFFSET ERROR
Offset error is the deviation from zero voltage output
when the digital input code is zero.
4.0.4
GAIN ERROR
Gain error is the deviation from the ideal output,
VREF– 1 LSB, excluding the effects of offset error.
DS21897B-page 16
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
4.1
4.1.1
Circuit Descriptions
OUTPUT AMPLIFIERS
The DACs’ outputs are buffered with a low-power,
precision CMOS amplifier. This amplifier provides low
offset voltage and low noise. The output stage enables
the device to operate with output voltages close to the
power supply rails. Refer to Section 1.0 “Electrical
Characteristics” for range and load conditions.
In addition to resistive load driving capability, the amplifier will also drive high capacitive loads without oscillation. The amplifiers’ strong outputs allow VOUT to be
used as a programmable voltage reference in a
system.
If the power supply voltage is less than the POR
threshold (VPOR = 2.0V, typical), the DACs will be held
in their reset state. They will remain in that state until
VDD > VPOR and a subsequent write command is
received.
Figure 4-3 shows a typical power supply transient
pulse and the duration required to cause a reset to
occur, as well as the relationship between the duration
and trip voltage. A 0.1 µF decoupling capacitor
mounted as close as possible to the VDD pin provides
additional transient immunity.
5V
4.1.1.1
Supply Voltages
Selecting a gain of 2 reduces the bandwidth of the
amplifier in Multiplying mode. Refer to Section 1.0
“Electrical Characteristics” for the Multiplying mode
bandwidth for given load conditions.
Programmable Gain Block
The rail-to-rail output amplifier has configurable gain
allowing optimal full-scale outputs for differing voltage
reference inputs. The output amplifier gain has two
selections, a gain of 1 V/V (GA = 1) or a gain of 2 V/V
(GA = 0).
VOLTAGE REFERENCE
AMPLIFIERS
The input buffer amplifiers for the MCP492X devices
provide low offset voltage and low noise. A configuration bit for each DAC allows the VREF input to bypass
the input buffer amplifiers, achieving a Buffered or
Unbuffered mode. The default value for this bit is
unbuffered. Buffered mode provides a very high input
impedance, with only minor limitations on the input
range and frequency response. Unbuffered mode
provides a wide input range (0V to VDD), with a typical
input impedance of 165 kΩ w/7 pF.
4.1.3
POWER-ON RESET CIRCUIT
The Power-On Reset (POR) circuit ensures that the
DACs power-up with SHDN = 0 (high-impedance). The
devices will continue to have a high-impedance output
until a valid write command is performed to either of the
DAC registers and the LDAC pin meets the input low
threshold.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Transient Duration
Time
Transient Duration (µs)
10
The output range is ideally 0.000V to 4095/4096 * VREF
when G = 1, and 0.000 to 4095/4096 * VREF when
G = 2. The default value for this bit is a gain of 2, yielding an ideal full-scale output of 0.000V to 4.096V when
utilizing a 2.048V VREF. Note that the near rail-to-rail
CMOS output buffer’s ability to approach AVSS and
VDD establish practical range limitations. The output
swing specification in Section 1.0 “Electrical Characteristics” defines the range for a given load condition.
4.1.2
VPOR
VDD - VPOR
8
6
4
Transients above the curve
will cause a reset
2
0
FIGURE 4-3:
4.1.4
TA = +25°C
Transients below the curve
will NOT cause a reset
1
2
3
4
VDD – VPOR (V)
5
Typical Transient Response.
SHUTDOWN MODE
Shutdown mode can be entered by using either hardware or software commands. The hardware pin
(SHDN) is only available on the MCP4922. During
Shutdown mode, the supply current is isolated from
most of the internal circuitry. The serial interface
remains active, thus allowing a write command to
bring the device out of Shutdown mode. When the
output amplifiers are shut down, the feedback resistance (typically 500 kΩ) produces a high-impedance
path to AVSS. The device will remain in Shutdown
mode until the SHDN pin is brought high and a write
command with SD = 1 is latched into the device.
When a DAC is changed from Shutdown to Active
mode, the output settling time takes < 10 µs, but
greater than the standard Active mode settling time
(4.5 µs).
DS21897B-page 17
MCP4921/4922
5.0
SERIAL INTERFACE
5.1
Overview
5.2
The write command is initiated by driving the CS pin
low, followed by clocking the four configuration bits and
the 12 data bits into the SDI pin on the rising edge of
SCK. The CS pin is then raised, causing the data to
be latched into the selected DAC’s input registers. The
MCP492X utilizes a double-buffered latch structure to
allow both DACA’s and DACB’s outputs to be
syncronized with the LDAC pin, if desired. Upon the
LDAC pin achieving a low state, the values held in the
DAC’s input registers are transferred into the DACs’
output registers. The outputs will transition to the value
and held in the DACX register.
The MCP492X family is designed to interface directly
with the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) port, available
on many microcontrollers, and supports Mode 0,0 and
Mode 1,1. Commands and data are sent to the device
via the SDI pin, with data being clocked-in on the rising
edge of SCK. The communications are unidirectional
and, thus, data cannot be read out of the MCP492X.
The CS pin must be held low for the duration of a write
command. The write command consists of 16 bits and
is used to configure the DAC’s control and data latches.
Register 5-1 details the input registers used to configure and load the DACA and DACB registers. Refer to
Figure 1-1 and Section 1.0 “Electrical Characteristics” AC Electrical Characteristics table for detailed
input and output timing specifications for both Mode 0,0
and Mode 1,1 operation.
REGISTER 5-1:
Write Command
All writes to the MCP492X are 16-bit words. Any
clocks past 16 will be ignored. The most significant
four bits are configuration bits. The remaining 12 bits
are data bits. No data can be transferred into the
device with CS high. This transfer will only occur if 16
clocks have been transferred into the device. If the rising edge of CS occurs prior, shifting of data into the
input registers will be aborted.
WRITE COMMAND REGISTER
Upper Half:
W-x
W-x
W-x
W-0
W-x
W-x
W-x
W-x
A/B
BUF
GA
SHDN
D11
D10
D9
D8
bit 15
bit 8
Lower Half:
W-x
D7
bit 7
W-x
D6
bit 15
A/B: DACA or DACB Select bit
1 = Write to DACB
0 = Write to DACA
bit 14
BUF: VREF Input Buffer Control bit
1 = Buffered
0 = Unbuffered
bit 13
W-x
D5
W-x
D4
W-x
D3
W-x
D2
W-x
D1
W-x
D0
bit 0
GA: Output Gain Select bit
1x (VOUT = VREF * D/4096)
2x (VOUT = 2 * VREF * D/4096)
1=
0=
bit 12
SHDN: Output Power Down Control bit
1 = Output Power Down Control bit
0 = Output buffer disabled, Output is high impedance
bit 11-0
D11:D0: DAC Data bits
12 bit number “D” which sets the output value. Contains a value between 0 and 4095.
Legend
R = Readable bit
W = Writable bit
U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’
-n = Value at POR
1 = bit is set
0 = bit is cleared
DS21897B-page 18
x = bit is unknown
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
CS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
12
13 14 15
SCK
(mode 0,0)
config bits
SDI
(mode 1,1)
12 data bits
A/B BUF GA SHDN D11 D10 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
LDAC
VOUT
FIGURE 5-1:
Write Command.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 19
MCP4921/4922
At the time of this data sheet’s release,
circuit examples had not completed
testing. Your results may vary.
VDD
•
•
•
•
•
Set Point or Offset Trimming
Sensor Calibration
Digitally-Controlled Multiplier/Divider
Portable Instrumentation (Battery Powered)
Motor Feedback Loop Control
6.1
Digital Interface
The MCP492X utilizes a 3-wire syncronous serial
protocol to transfer the DACs’ setup and output values
from the digital source. The serial protocol can be interfaced to SPI™ or Microwire peripherals common on
many microcontrollers, including Microchip’s PIC®
MCUs & dsPICTM DSC family of microcontrollers. In
addition to the three serial connections (CS, SCK and
SDI), the LDAC signal syncronizes when the serial
settings are latched into the DAC’s output from the
serial input latch. Figure 6-1 illustrates the required
connections. Note that LDAC is active-low. If desired,
this input can be tied low to reduce the required connections from 4 to 3. Write commands will be latched
directly into the output latch when a valid 16 clock
transmission has been received and CS has been
raised.
6.2
Power Supply Considerations
The typical application will require a by-pass capacitor
in order to filter high-frequency noise. The noise can
be induced onto the power supply's traces or as a result
of changes on the DAC's output. The bypass capacitor
helps to minimize the effect of these noise sources on
signal integrity. Figure 6-1 illustrates an appropriate
bypass strategy.
VDD
VREFA
VOUTA
0.1 µF
VREFB
VOUTB
CS1
SDI
VREFA
VOUTA
VREFB
VOUTB
SDI
AVSS
SDO
SCK
LDAC
CS0
AVSS
FIGURE 6-1:
Diagram.
6.3
PIC® Microcontroller
Applications generally suited for the MCP492X devices
include:
VDD
0.1 µF 0.1 µF
The MCP492X devices are general purpose DACs
intended to be used in applications where a precision,
low-power DAC with moderate bandwidth is required.
MCP492X
Note:
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
MCP492X
6.0
AVSS
Typical Connection
Layout Considerations
Inductively-coupled AC transients and digital switching
noise can degrade the input and output signal integrity,
potentially masking the MCP492X’s performance.
Careful board layout will minimize these effects and
increase the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Bench testing
has shown that a multi-layer board utilizing a low-inductance ground plane, isolated inputs, isolated outputs
and proper decoupling are critical to achieving the
performance that the silicon is capable of providing.
Particularly harsh environments may require shielding
of critical signals.
Breadboards and wire-wrapped boards are not
recommended if low noise is desired.
In this example, the recommended bypass capacitor
value is 0.1 µF. This capacitor should be placed as
close to the device power pin (VDD) as possible (within
4 mm).
The power source supplying these devices should be
as clean as possible. If the application circuit has separate digital and analog power supplies, AVDD and
AVSS should reside on the analog plane.
DS21897B-page 20
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
6.4
Single-Supply Operation
6.4.1.1
If the output range is reduced relative to AVSS, simply
reducing VREF will reduce the magnitude of each output step. If the application is calibrating the threshold
of a diode, transistor or resistor tied to AVSS or VREF,
a theshold range of 0.8V may be desired to provide
200 µV resolution. Two common methods to achieve a
0.8V range is to either reduce VREF to 0.82V or use a
voltage divider on the DAC’s output. If a VREF is available with the desired output value, using that VREF is an
option. Occasionally, when using a low-voltage VREF,
the noise floor causes SNR error that is intolerable.
The voltage divider method provides some advantages
when VREF needs to be very low or when the desired
output voltage is not available. In this case, a larger
value VREF is used while two resistors scale the output
range down to the precise desired level. Using a common VREF output has availability and cost advantages.
Example 6-1 illustrates this concept. Note that the voltage divider can be connected to AVSS or VREF,
depending on the application’s requirements.
The MCP492X is a rail-to-rail (R-R) input and output
DAC designed to operate with a VDD range of 2.7V to
5.5V. Its output amplifier is robust enough to drive common, small-signal loads directly, thus eliminating the
cost and size of an external buffer for most applications.
6.4.1
Decreasing The Output Step Size
DC SET POINT OR CALIBRATION
A common application for a DAC with the MCP492X’s
performance is digitally-controlled set points and/or
calibration of variable parameters, such as sensor offset or slope. 12-bit resolution provides 4096 output
steps. If a 4.096V VREF is provided, an LSB would
represent 1 mV of resolution. If a smaller output step
size is desired, the output range would need to be
reduced.
The MCP492X’s low, ±0.75 (max.) DNL performance
is critical to meeting calibration accuracy in production.
VDD
VCC+
Rsense
VREF
VDD
MCP492X
VOUT
R1
Vtrip
R2
SPI™
0.1 uF
Comparator
VCC–
3
D
V OUT = V REF G ------12
2
R2
V trip = V OUT § ------------------·
© R1 + R 2¹
EXAMPLE 6-1:
G = Gain select (1x or 2x)
D = Digital value of DAC (0 – 4096)
Set Point or Threshold Calibration.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 21
MCP4921/4922
6.4.1.2
Building a “Window” DAC
If the threshold is not near VREF or AVSS, then creating
a “window” around the threshold has several advantages. One simple method to create this “window” is to
use a voltage divider network with a pull-up and pulldown resistor.
Example 6-2 and Example 6-4
illustrates this concept.
When calibrating a set point or threshold of a sensor,
rarely does the sensor utilize the entire output range of
the DAC. If the LSB size is adequate to meet the application’s accuracy needs, then the resolution is sacrificed without consequences. If greater accuracy is
needed, then the output range will need to be reduced
to increase the resolution around the desired threshold.
VCC+
VREF
The MCP492X’s low, ±0.75 (max.) DNL performance
is critical to meet calibration accuracy in production.
VCC+
Rsense
VDD
MCP492X
VOUT
R3
R1
Comparator
Vtrip
VCC-
0.1 µF
R2
SPI™
3
VCCD
V OUT = V REF G ------12
2
Thevenin
Equivalent
R 2 R3
R 23 = -----------------R2 + R 3
DS21897B-page 22
R1
VOUT
VO
( V CC+ R 2 ) + ( V CC- R 3 )
V 23 = -----------------------------------------------------R 2 + R3
V OUT R23 + V 23 R 1
V trip = -------------------------------------------R 2 + R 23
EXAMPLE 6-2:
G = Gain select (1x or 2x)
D = Digital value of DAC (0 – 4096)
R23
V23
Single-Supply “Window” DAC.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
6.5
Bipolar Operation
Example 6-3 illustrates a simple bipolar voltage source
configuration. R1 and R2 allow the gain to be selected,
while R3 and R4 shift the DAC's output to a selected
offset. Note that R4 can be tied to VREF, instead of
AVSS, if a higher offset is desired. Note that a pull-up to
VREF could be used, instead of R4, if a higher offset is
desired.
Bipolar operation is achievable using the MCP492X by
using an external operational amplifier (op amp). This
configuration is desirable due to the wide variety and
availability of op amps. This allows a general purpose
DAC, with its cost and availability advantages, to meet
almost any desired output voltage range, power and
noise performance.
R2
VREF
VREF
VDD
MCP492X
VCC+
R1
VOUT
R3
0.1 µF
R4
SPI™
VO
VIN+
VCC–
3
D
VOUT = VREF G ------12
2
V OUT R 4
VIN+ = -------------------R3 + R4
R2
R2
VO = VIN+ §© 1 + ------·¹ – V REF §© ------·¹
R1
R1
EXAMPLE 6-3:
6.5.1
Digitally-Controlled Bipolar Voltage Source.
DESIGN A BIPOLAR DAC USING
EXAMPLE 6-3
An output step magnitude of 1 mV with an output range
of ±2.05V is desired for a particular application.
1.
2.
G = Gain select (1x or 2x)
D = Digital value of DAC (0 – 4096)
Calculate the range: +2.05V – (-2.05V) = 4.1V.
Calculate the resolution needed:
4.1V/1 mV = 4100
4.
Next, solve for R3 and R4 by setting the DAC to
4096, knowing that the output needs to be
+2.05V.
R4
2.05V + 0.5V REF
2
---------------------- = ----------------------------------------= --1.5VREF
( R3 + R 4 )
3
If R4 = 20 kΩ, then R3 = 10 kΩ
Since 212 = 4096, 12-bit resolution is desired.
3.
The amplifier gain (R2/R1), multiplied by VREF,
must be equal to the desired minimum output to
achieve bipolar operation. Since any gain can
be realized by choosing resistor values (R1+R2),
the VREF source needs to be determined first. If
a VREF of 4.1V is used, solve for the gain by
setting the DAC to 0, knowing that the output
needs to be -2.05V. The equation can be
simplified to:
– R2
– 2.05
– 2.05
--------- = ------------- = ------------R1
V REF
4.1
R
1
-----2- = --R1
2
If R1 = 20 kΩ and R2 = 10 kΩ, the gain will be 0.5.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 23
MCP4921/4922
6.6
Selectable Gain and Offset Bipolar
Voltage Output Using A Dual DAC
This circuit is typically used in Multiplier mode and is
ideal for linearizing a sensor whose slope and offset
varies. Refer to Section 6.9 “Using Multiplier Mode”
for more information on Multiplier mode.
In some applications, precision digital control of the
output range is desirable. Example 6-4 illustrates how
to use the MCP4922 to achieve this in a bipolar or
single-supply application.
The equation to design a bipolar “window” DAC would
be utilized if R3, R4 and R5 are populated.
R2
VREFA VDD
MCP492X
VDD
VREFB
VOUTA
VCC+
R1
DACA (Gain Adjust)
MCP492X
VOUTB
VO
R5
R3
DACB (Offset Adjust)
SPI™
VCC+
R4
3
0.1uF
VCC–
VCC–
DB
VOUTB = ( V REFB G B ) ------12
2
DA
V OUTA = ( VREFA G A ) ------12
2
AVSS = GND
V OUTB R 4 + VCC- R 3
V IN+ = -----------------------------------------------R 3 + R4
G = Gain select (1x or 2x)
R2
R2
VO = V IN+ §© 1 + ------·¹ – V OUTA §© ------·¹
R1
R1
D = Digital value of DAC (0 – 4096)
Offset Adjust Gain Adjust
Bipolar “Window” DAC using R4 and R5
Thevenin
Equivalent
V CC+ R 4 + VCC- R5
V45 = -------------------------------------------R 4 + R5
V OUTB R45 + V 45 R 3
V IN+ = ----------------------------------------------R 3 + R 45
R4 R5
R 45 = -----------------R4 + R5
R2
R2
V O = VIN+ §© 1 + ------·¹ – V OUTA §© ------·¹
R1
R1
Offset Adjust Gain Adjust
EXAMPLE 6-4:
DS21897B-page 24
Bipolar Voltage Source With Selectable Gain and Offset.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
6.7
Designing A Double-Precision
DAC Using A Dual DAC
1.
Example 6-5 illustrates how to design a single-supply
voltage output capable of up to 24-bit resolution from a
dual 12-bit DAC. This design is simply a voltage divider
with a buffered output.
As an example, if a similar application to the one developed in Section 6.5.1 “Design a bipolar dac using
Example 6-3” required a resolution of 1 µV instead of
1 mV and a range of 0V to 4.1V, then 12-bit resolution
would not be adequate.
2.
3.
4.
VDD
VREF
MCP492X
VCC+
DACA (Fine Adjust)
VO
VOUTA
VDD
MCP492X
Calculate the resolution needed:
4.1V/1uV = 4.1e06. Since 222 = 4.2e06, 22-bit
resolution is desired. Since DNL = ±0.75 LSB,
this design can be attempted with the
MCP492X.
Since DACB‘s VOUTB has a resolution of 1 mV,
its output only needs to be “pulled” 1/1000 to
meet the 1 µV target. Dividing VOUTA by 1000
would allow the application to compensate for
DACB‘s DNL error.
If R2 is 100Ω, then R1 needs to be 100 kΩ.
The resulting transfer function is not perfectly
linear, as shown in the equation of Example 6-5.
R1
R1 >> R2
VOUTB
R2
0.1 µF
VCC–
DACB (Course Adjust)
SPI™
3
DA
V OUTA = V REFA G A ------12
2
DB
V OUTB = VREFB G B ------12
2
G = Gain select (1x or 2x)
D = Digital value of DAC (0 – 4096)
VOUTA R 2 + VOUTB R 1
V O = ----------------------------------------------------R 1 + R2
EXAMPLE 6-5:
Simple, Double-Precision DAC.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 25
MCP4921/4922
6.8
Building A Programmable Current
Source
Example 6-6 illustrates a variation on a voltage follower
design where a sense resistor is used to convert the
DAC’s voltage output into a digitally-selectable current
source.
Adding the resistor network from Example 6-2 would
be advantageous in this application. The smaller Rsense
is, the less power dissipated across it. However, this
also reduces the resolution that the current can be
controlled with. The voltage divider, or “window”, DAC
configuration would allow the range to be reduced, thus
increasing resolution around the range of interest.
When working with very small sensor voltages, plan on
eliminating the amplifier's offset error by storing the
DAC's setting under known sensor conditions.
VREF
MCP492X
VCC+
LOAD
IL
VCC– Ib
SPI™
3
D
V OUT = V REF G ------12
2
Using Multiplier Mode
The MCP492X is ideally suited for use as a multiplier/
divider in a signal chain. Common applications include:
precision programmable gain/attenuator amplifiers and
loop controls (motor feedback). The wide input range
(0V – VDD) is an Unbuffered mode and near R-R range
in Buffered mode: the > 400 kHz bandwidth, selectible
1x/2x gain and its low power consumption give
maximum flexibility to meet the application's needs.
To configure the MCP492X in Multiplier mode, connect
the input signal to VREF and serially configure the
DAC’s input buffer, gain and output value. The DAC’s
output can utilize any of Examples 6-1 to 6-6, depending on the application requirements. Example 6-7 is an
illustration of how the DAC can operate in a motor
control feedback loop.
If the Gain Select bit is configured for 1x mode (GA = 1),
the resulting input signal will be attenuated by D/4096.
If the Gain Select bit is configured for 2x mode (GA = 0),
codes < 2048 attenuate the signal, while codes > 2048
gain the signal. VOUT = VIN (D/2048).
VDD
VOUT
6.9
Rsense
A 12-bit DAC provides significantly more gain/attenuation resolution when compared to typical Programmable
Gain Amplifiers. Adding an op amp to buffer the output,
as illustrated in Examples 6-2 to 6-6, extends the
output range and power to meet the precise needs of
the application.
VRPM_SET
IL
I b = ---β
VRPM
V OUT
β
I L = --------------- × -----------Rsense β + 1
G = Gain select (1x or 2x)
D = Digital value of DAC (0 – 4096)
EXAMPLE 6-6:
Digitally-Controlled Current
Source.
VREF
MCP492X
SPI™
3
VOUT
VCC+
+
–
VCC–
Rsense
EXAMPLE 6-7:
DS21897B-page 26
ZFB
VDD
Multiplier Mode.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
7.0
DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT
7.1
Evaluation & Demonstration
Boards
The Mixed Signal PICtailTM Board supports the
MCP492X family of devices. Please refer to
www.microchip.com for further information on this
products capabilities and availability.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
7.2
Application Notes and Tech Briefs
Application notes illustrating the performace and implementation of the MCP492X are planned but currently
not released. Please refer to www.microchip.com for
further information.
DS21897B-page 27
MCP4921/4922
8.0
PACKAGING INFORMATION
8.1
Package Marking Information
Example:
8-Lead MSOP
XXXXXX
4921E e3
YWWNNN
712256
8-Lead PDIP (300 mil)
XXXXXXXX
XXXXXNNN
YYWW
MCP4921
E/P e3 256
0712
8-Lead SOIC (150 mil)
XXXXXXXX
XXXXYYWW
NNN
Legend: XX...X
Y
YY
WW
NNN
e3
*
Note:
DS21897B-page 28
Example:
Example:
MCP4921
E/SN e3 0712
256
Customer-specific information
Year code (last digit of calendar year)
Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year)
Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’)
Alphanumeric traceability code
Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn)
This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 )
can be found on the outer packaging for this package.
In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will
be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available characters
for customer-specific information.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
Package Marking Information (Continued)
14-Lead PDIP (300 mil)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
14-Lead SOIC (150 mil)
Example:
MCP4922E/P e3
0712256
Example:
XXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXX
YYWWNNN
14-Lead TSSOP
XXXXXX
YYWW
NNN
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4922E/SL e3
0712256
Example:
4922E/ST e3
0712
256
DS21897B-page 29
MCP4921/4922
8-Lead Plastic Micro Small Outline Package (MS) [MSOP]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
D
N
E
E1
NOTE 1
1
2
e
b
c
φ
A2
A
L
L1
A1
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
MILLIMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
8
Pitch
e
Overall Height
A
–
0.65 BSC
–
Molded Package Thickness
A2
0.75
0.85
0.95
Standoff
A1
0.00
–
0.15
Overall Width
E
Molded Package Width
E1
3.00 BSC
Overall Length
D
3.00 BSC
Foot Length
L
Footprint
L1
1.10
4.90 BSC
0.40
0.60
0.80
0.95 REF
Foot Angle
φ
0°
–
8°
Lead Thickness
c
0.08
–
0.23
Lead Width
b
0.22
–
0.40
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located within the hatched area.
2. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.15 mm per side.
3. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
REF: Reference Dimension, usually without tolerance, for information purposes only.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-111B
DS21897B-page 30
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line (P) – 300 mil Body [PDIP]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
N
NOTE 1
E1
1
3
2
D
E
A2
A
L
A1
c
e
eB
b1
b
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
INCHES
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
8
Pitch
e
Top to Seating Plane
A
–
.100 BSC
–
.210
Molded Package Thickness
A2
.115
.130
.195
Base to Seating Plane
A1
.015
–
–
Shoulder to Shoulder Width
E
.290
.310
.325
Molded Package Width
E1
.240
.250
.280
Overall Length
D
.348
.365
.400
Tip to Seating Plane
L
.115
.130
.150
Lead Thickness
c
.008
.010
.015
Upper Lead Width
b1
.040
.060
.070
Lower Lead Width
b
.014
.018
.022
Overall Row Spacing §
eB
–
–
.430
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located with the hatched area.
2. § Significant Characteristic.
3. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed .010" per side.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-018B
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 31
MCP4921/4922
8-Lead Plastic Small Outline (SN) – Narrow, 3.90 mm Body [SOIC]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
D
e
N
E
E1
NOTE 1
1
2
3
α
h
b
h
A2
A
c
φ
L
A1
β
L1
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
MILLMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
8
Pitch
e
Overall Height
A
–
1.27 BSC
–
Molded Package Thickness
A2
1.25
–
–
Standoff §
A1
0.10
–
0.25
Overall Width
E
Molded Package Width
E1
3.90 BSC
Overall Length
D
4.90 BSC
1.75
6.00 BSC
Chamfer (optional)
h
0.25
–
0.50
Foot Length
L
0.40
–
1.27
Footprint
L1
1.04 REF
Foot Angle
φ
0°
–
8°
Lead Thickness
c
0.17
–
0.25
Lead Width
b
0.31
–
0.51
Mold Draft Angle Top
α
5°
–
15°
Mold Draft Angle Bottom
β
5°
–
15°
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located within the hatched area.
2. § Significant Characteristic.
3. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.15 mm per side.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
REF: Reference Dimension, usually without tolerance, for information purposes only.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-057B
DS21897B-page 32
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
14-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line (P) – 300 mil Body [PDIP]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
N
NOTE 1
E1
1
3
2
D
E
A2
A
L
c
A1
b1
b
e
eB
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
INCHES
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
14
Pitch
e
Top to Seating Plane
A
–
.100 BSC
–
.210
Molded Package Thickness
A2
.115
.130
.195
Base to Seating Plane
A1
.015
–
–
Shoulder to Shoulder Width
E
.290
.310
.325
Molded Package Width
E1
.240
.250
.280
Overall Length
D
.735
.750
.775
Tip to Seating Plane
L
.115
.130
.150
Lead Thickness
c
.008
.010
.015
Upper Lead Width
b1
.045
.060
.070
Lower Lead Width
b
.014
.018
.022
Overall Row Spacing §
eB
–
–
.430
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located with the hatched area.
2. § Significant Characteristic.
3. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed .010" per side.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-005B
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 33
MCP4921/4922
14-Lead Plastic Small Outline (SL) – Narrow, 3.90 mm Body [SOIC]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
D
N
E
E1
NOTE 1
1
2
3
e
h
b
α
h
A
A2
c
φ
L
A1
β
L1
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
MILLMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
14
Pitch
e
Overall Height
A
–
1.27 BSC
–
Molded Package Thickness
A2
1.25
–
–
Standoff §
A1
0.10
–
0.25
Overall Width
E
Molded Package Width
E1
3.90 BSC
Overall Length
D
8.65 BSC
1.75
6.00 BSC
Chamfer (optional)
h
0.25
–
0.50
Foot Length
L
0.40
–
1.27
Footprint
L1
1.04 REF
Foot Angle
φ
0°
–
8°
Lead Thickness
c
0.17
–
0.25
Lead Width
b
0.31
–
0.51
Mold Draft Angle Top
α
5°
–
15°
Mold Draft Angle Bottom
β
5°
–
15°
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located within the hatched area.
2. § Significant Characteristic.
3. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.15 mm per side.
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
REF: Reference Dimension, usually without tolerance, for information purposes only.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-065B
DS21897B-page 34
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
14-Lead Plastic Thin Shrink Small Outline (ST) – 4.4 mm Body [TSSOP]
Note:
For the most current package drawings, please see the Microchip Packaging Specification located at
http://www.microchip.com/packaging
D
N
E
E1
NOTE 1
1
2
e
b
c
φ
A2
A
A1
Units
Dimension Limits
Number of Pins
L
L1
MILLIMETERS
MIN
N
NOM
MAX
14
Pitch
e
Overall Height
A
–
0.65 BSC
–
Molded Package Thickness
A2
0.80
1.00
1.05
Standoff
A1
0.05
–
0.15
1.20
Overall Width
E
Molded Package Width
E1
4.30
6.40 BSC
4.40
Molded Package Length
D
4.90
5.00
5.10
Foot Length
L
0.45
0.60
0.75
Footprint
L1
4.50
1.00 REF
Foot Angle
φ
0°
–
8°
Lead Thickness
c
0.09
–
0.20
Lead Width
b
0.19
–
0.30
Notes:
1. Pin 1 visual index feature may vary, but must be located within the hatched area.
2. Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.15 mm per side.
3. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M.
BSC: Basic Dimension. Theoretically exact value shown without tolerances.
REF: Reference Dimension, usually without tolerance, for information purposes only.
Microchip Technology Drawing C04-087B
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 35
MCP4921/4922
NOTES:
DS21897B-page 36
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
APPENDIX A:
REVISION HISTORY
Revision B (February 2007)
This revision includes updates to the packaging
diagrams.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 37
MCP4921/4922
NOTES:
DS21897B-page 38
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
MCP4921/4922
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office.
PART NO.
X
/XX
Device
Temperature
Range
Package
Examples:
a)
b)
Device:
MCP4921:
MCP4921T:
MCP4922:
MCP4922T:
12-Bit DAC with SPI Interface
12-Bit DAC with SPI Interface
(Tape and Reel) (SOIC, MSOP)
12-Bit DAC with SPI Interface
12-Bit DAC with SPI Interface
(Tape and Reel) (SOIC, MSOP)
Temperature Range:
E
= -40°C to +125°C
Package:
MS
P
SN
SL
ST
=
=
=
=
=
Plastic MSOP, 8-lead
Plastic DIP (300 mil Body), 8-lead, 14-lead
Plastic SOIC, (150 mil Body), 8-lead
Plastic SOIC (150 mil Body), 14-lead
Plastic TSSOP (4.4mm Body), 14-lead
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
c)
d)
e)
MCP4921T-E/SN: Tape and Reel
Extended Temperature,
8LD SOIC package.
MCP4921T-E/MS: Tape and Reel
Extended Temperature,
8LD MSOP package.
MCP4921-E/SN:
Extended Temperature,
8LD SOIC package.
MCP4921-E/MS: Extended Temperature,
8LD MSOP package.
MCP4921-E/P:
Extended Temperature,
8LD PDIP package.
a)
MCP4922T-E/SL:
b)
MCP4922T-E/ST:
c)
MCP4922-E/P:
d)
MCP4922-E/SL:
e)
MCP4922-E/ST:
Tape and Reel
Extended Temperature,
14LD SOIC package.
Tape and Reel
Extended Temperature,
14LD TSSOP package.
Extended Temperature,
14LD PDIP package.
Extended Temperature,
14LD SOIC package.
Extended Temperature,
14LD TSSOP package.
DS21897B-page 39
MCP4921/4922
NOTES:
DS21897B-page 40
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
•
Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
•
Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
•
There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
•
Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
•
Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR
WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION,
QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability
arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip
devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at
the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and
hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims,
suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are
conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip
intellectual property rights.
Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron,
dsPIC, KEELOQ, microID, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART,
PRO MATE, PowerSmart, rfPIC, and SmartShunt are
registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A. and other countries.
AmpLab, FilterLab, Migratable Memory, MXDEV, MXLAB,
SEEVAL, SmartSensor and The Embedded Control Solutions
Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology
Incorporated in the U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB,
In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Linear Active
Thermistor, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLIB, MPLINK, PICkit,
PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal,
PowerInfo, PowerMate, PowerTool, REAL ICE, rfLAB,
rfPICDEM, Select Mode, Smart Serial, SmartTel, Total
Endurance, UNI/O, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of
Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other
countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2007, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona, Gresham, Oregon and Mountain View, California. The
Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC®
MCUs and dsPIC DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial
EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog
products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and
manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS21897B-page 41
WORLDWIDE SALES AND SERVICE
AMERICAS
ASIA/PACIFIC
ASIA/PACIFIC
EUROPE
Corporate Office
2355 West Chandler Blvd.
Chandler, AZ 85224-6199
Tel: 480-792-7200
Fax: 480-792-7277
Technical Support:
http://support.microchip.com
Web Address:
www.microchip.com
Asia Pacific Office
Suites 3707-14, 37th Floor
Tower 6, The Gateway
Habour City, Kowloon
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
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Tel: 91-80-4182-8400
Fax: 91-80-4182-8422
India - New Delhi
Tel: 91-11-4160-8631
Fax: 91-11-4160-8632
Austria - Wels
Tel: 43-7242-2244-39
Fax: 43-7242-2244-393
Denmark - Copenhagen
Tel: 45-4450-2828
Fax: 45-4485-2829
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Tel: 91-20-2566-1512
Fax: 91-20-2566-1513
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Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20
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Tel: 81-45-471- 6166
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Tel: 49-89-627-144-0
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Tel: 678-957-9614
Fax: 678-957-1455
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Tel: 774-760-0087
Fax: 774-760-0088
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Fax: 630-285-0075
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Fax: 408-961-6445
Toronto
Mississauga, Ontario,
Canada
Tel: 905-673-0699
Fax: 905-673-6509
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Tel: 61-2-9868-6733
Fax: 61-2-9868-6755
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Tel: 86-10-8528-2100
Fax: 86-10-8528-2104
China - Chengdu
Tel: 86-28-8665-5511
Fax: 86-28-8665-7889
Korea - Gumi
Tel: 82-54-473-4301
Fax: 82-54-473-4302
China - Fuzhou
Tel: 86-591-8750-3506
Fax: 86-591-8750-3521
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Tel: 82-2-554-7200
Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or
82-2-558-5934
China - Hong Kong SAR
Tel: 852-2401-1200
Fax: 852-2401-3431
Malaysia - Penang
Tel: 60-4-646-8870
Fax: 60-4-646-5086
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Tel: 86-532-8502-7355
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Philippines - Manila
Tel: 63-2-634-9065
Fax: 63-2-634-9069
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Tel: 86-21-5407-5533
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Tel: 65-6334-8870
Fax: 65-6334-8850
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Tel: 86-24-2334-2829
Fax: 86-24-2334-2393
Taiwan - Hsin Chu
Tel: 886-3-572-9526
Fax: 886-3-572-6459
China - Shenzhen
Tel: 86-755-8203-2660
Fax: 86-755-8203-1760
Taiwan - Kaohsiung
Tel: 886-7-536-4818
Fax: 886-7-536-4803
China - Shunde
Tel: 86-757-2839-5507
Fax: 86-757-2839-5571
Taiwan - Taipei
Tel: 886-2-2500-6610
Fax: 886-2-2508-0102
China - Wuhan
Tel: 86-27-5980-5300
Fax: 86-27-5980-5118
Thailand - Bangkok
Tel: 66-2-694-1351
Fax: 66-2-694-1350
Italy - Milan
Tel: 39-0331-742611
Fax: 39-0331-466781
Netherlands - Drunen
Tel: 31-416-690399
Fax: 31-416-690340
Spain - Madrid
Tel: 34-91-708-08-90
Fax: 34-91-708-08-91
UK - Wokingham
Tel: 44-118-921-5869
Fax: 44-118-921-5820
China - Xian
Tel: 86-29-8833-7250
Fax: 86-29-8833-7256
12/08/06
DS21897B-page 42
¤ 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
LM386
Low Voltage Audio Power Amplifier
General Description
Features
The LM386 is a power amplifier designed for use in low voltage consumer applications. The gain is internally set to 20 to
keep external part count low, but the addition of an external
resistor and capacitor between pins 1 and 8 will increase the
gain to any value up to 200.
The inputs are ground referenced while the output is automatically biased to one half the supply voltage. The quiescent power drain is only 24 milliwatts when operating from a
6 volt supply, making the LM386 ideal for battery operation.
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Battery operation
Minimum external parts
Wide supply voltage range: 4V–12V or 5V–18V
Low quiescent current drain: 4 mA
Voltage gains from 20 to 200
Ground referenced input
Self-centering output quiescent voltage
Low distortion
Available in 8 pin MSOP package
Applications
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
AM-FM radio amplifiers
Portable tape player amplifiers
Intercoms
TV sound systems
Line drivers
Ultrasonic drivers
Small servo drivers
Power converters
Equivalent Schematic and Connection Diagrams
Small Outline,
Molded Mini Small Outline,
and Dual-In-Line Packages
DS006976-2
DS006976-1
© 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation
DS006976
Top View
Order Number LM386M-1,
LM386MM-1, LM386N-1,
LM386N-3 or LM386N-4
See NS Package Number
M08A, MUA08A or N08E
www.national.com
LM386 Low Voltage Audio Power Amplifier
January 2000
LM386
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 2)
Dual-In-Line Package
Soldering (10 sec)
+260˚C
Small Outline Package
(SOIC and MSOP)
Vapor Phase (60 sec)
+215˚C
Infrared (15 sec)
+220˚C
See AN-450 “Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect
on Product Reliability” for other methods of soldering
surface mount devices.
Thermal Resistance
37˚C/W
!JC (DIP)
107˚C/W
!JA (DIP)
35˚C/W
!JC (SO Package)
172˚C/W
!JA (SO Package)
210˚C/W
!JA (MSOP)
56˚C/W
!JC (MSOP)
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required,
please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/
Distributors for availability and specifications.
Supply Voltage
(LM386N-1, -3, LM386M-1)
Supply Voltage (LM386N-4)
Package Dissipation (Note 3)
(LM386N)
(LM386M)
(LM386MM-1)
Input Voltage
Storage Temperature
Operating Temperature
Junction Temperature
Soldering Information
15V
22V
1.25W
0.73W
0.595W
± 0.4V
−65˚C to +150˚C
0˚C to +70˚C
+150˚C
Electrical Characteristics (Notes 1, 2)
TA = 25˚C
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Units
12
V
Operating Supply Voltage (VS)
LM386N-1, -3, LM386M-1, LM386MM-1
4
LM386N-4
Quiescent Current (IQ)
5
VS = 6V, VIN = 0
4
18
V
8
mA
Output Power (POUT)
LM386N-4
VS = 6V, RL = 8", THD = 10%
VS = 9V, RL = 8", THD = 10%
VS = 16V, RL = 32", THD = 10%
Voltage Gain (AV)
VS = 6V, f = 1 kHz
LM386N-1, LM386M-1, LM386MM-1
LM386N-3
Bandwidth (BW)
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR)
10 µF from Pin 1 to 8
VS = 6V, Pins 1 and 8 Open
VS = 6V, RL = 8", POUT = 125 mW
f = 1 kHz, Pins 1 and 8 Open
VS = 6V, f = 1 kHz, CBYPASS = 10 µF
250
325
500
700
mW
mW
700
1000
mW
26
dB
46
dB
300
kHz
0.2
%
50
dB
50
k"
250
nA
Pins 1 and 8 Open, Referred to Output
Input Resistance (RIN)
Input Bias Current (IBIAS)
VS = 6V, Pins 2 and 3 Open
Note 1: All voltages are measured with respect to the ground pin, unless otherwise specified.
Note 2: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. Electrical Characteristics state DC and AC electrical specifications under particular test conditions which guarantee specific performance limits. This assumes that the device is within the Operating Ratings. Specifications are not guaranteed for parameters where no limit is
given, however, the typical value is a good indication of device performance.
Note 3: For operation in ambient temperatures above 25˚C, the device must be derated based on a 150˚C maximum junction temperature and 1) a thermal resistance of 107˚C/W junction to ambient for the dual-in-line package and 2) a thermal resistance of 170˚C/W for the small outline package.
www.national.com
2
LM386
Application Hints
GAIN CONTROL
INPUT BIASING
To make the LM386 a more versatile amplifier, two pins (1
and 8) are provided for gain control. With pins 1 and 8 open
the 1.35 k! resistor sets the gain at 20 (26 dB). If a capacitor
is put from pin 1 to 8, bypassing the 1.35 k! resistor, the
gain will go up to 200 (46 dB). If a resistor is placed in series
with the capacitor, the gain can be set to any value from 20
to 200. Gain control can also be done by capacitively coupling a resistor (or FET) from pin 1 to ground.
Additional external components can be placed in parallel
with the internal feedback resistors to tailor the gain and frequency response for individual applications. For example,
we can compensate poor speaker bass response by frequency shaping the feedback path. This is done with a series
RC from pin 1 to 5 (paralleling the internal 15 k! resistor).
For 6 dB effective bass boost: R " 15 k!, the lowest value
for good stable operation is R = 10 k! if pin 8 is open. If pins
1 and 8 are bypassed then R as low as 2 k! can be used.
This restriction is because the amplifier is only compensated
for closed-loop gains greater than 9.
The schematic shows that both inputs are biased to ground
with a 50 k! resistor. The base current of the input transistors is about 250 nA, so the inputs are at about 12.5 mV
when left open. If the dc source resistance driving the LM386
is higher than 250 k! it will contribute very little additional
offset (about 2.5 mV at the input, 50 mV at the output). If the
dc source resistance is less than 10 k!, then shorting the
unused input to ground will keep the offset low (about 2.5 mV
at the input, 50 mV at the output). For dc source resistances
between these values we can eliminate excess offset by putting a resistor from the unused input to ground, equal in
value to the dc source resistance. Of course all offset problems are eliminated if the input is capacitively coupled.
When using the LM386 with higher gains (bypassing the
1.35 k! resistor between pins 1 and 8) it is necessary to bypass the unused input, preventing degradation of gain and
possible instabilities. This is done with a 0.1 µF capacitor or
a short to ground depending on the dc source resistance on
the driven input.
3
www.national.com
LM386
Typical Performance Characteristics
Quiescent Supply Current
vs Supply Voltage
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
(Referred to the Output)
vs Frequency
Peak-to-Peak Output Voltage
Swing vs Supply Voltage
DS006976-5
DS006976-13
DS006976-12
Voltage Gain vs Frequency
Distortion vs Frequency
DS006976-15
DS006976-14
Device Dissipation vs Output
Power — 4! Load
Device Dissipation vs Output
Power — 8! Load
DS006976-17
www.national.com
Distortion vs Output Power
DS006976-18
4
DS006976-16
Device Dissipation vs Output
Power — 16! Load
DS006976-19
LM386
Typical Applications
Amplifier with Gain = 20
Minimum Parts
Amplifier with Gain = 200
DS006976-4
DS006976-3
Amplifier with Gain = 50
Low Distortion Power Wienbridge Oscillator
DS006976-6
DS006976-7
Amplifier with Bass Boost
Square Wave Oscillator
DS006976-8
DS006976-9
5
www.national.com
LM386
Typical Applications
(Continued)
Frequency Response with Bass Boost
DS006976-10
AM Radio Power Amplifier
DS006976-11
Note 4: Twist Supply lead and supply ground very tightly.
Note 5: Twist speaker lead and ground very tightly.
Note 6: Ferrite bead in Ferroxcube K5-001-001/3B with 3 turns of wire.
Note 7: R1C1 band limits input signals.
Note 8: All components must be spaced very closely to IC.
www.national.com
6
LM386
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted
SO Package (M)
Order Number LM386M-1
NS Package Number M08A
7
www.national.com
LM386
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
8-Lead (0.118” Wide) Molded Mini Small Outline Package
Order Number LM386MM-1
NS Package Number MUA08A
www.national.com
8
LM386 Low Voltage Audio Power Amplifier
Physical Dimensions
inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued)
Dual-In-Line Package (N)
Order Number LM386N-1, LM386N-3 or LM386N-4
NS Package Number N08E
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT
DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL
COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or
systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant
into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and
whose failure to perform when properly used in
accordance with instructions for use provided in the
labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a
significant injury to the user.
National Semiconductor
Corporation
Americas
Tel: 1-800-272-9959
Fax: 1-800-737-7018
Email: [email protected]
www.national.com
National Semiconductor
Europe
Fax: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 86
Email: [email protected]
Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 85
English Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 78 32
Français Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 93 58
Italiano Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-534 16 80
2. A critical component is any component of a life
support device or system whose failure to perform
can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of
the life support device or system, or to affect its
safety or effectiveness.
National Semiconductor
Asia Pacific Customer
Response Group
Tel: 65-2544466
Fax: 65-2504466
Email: [email protected]
National Semiconductor
Japan Ltd.
Tel: 81-3-5639-7560
Fax: 81-3-5639-7507
National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.
This datasheet has been downloaded from:
www.DatasheetCatalog.com
Datasheets for electronic components.
LM741 Operational Amplifier
General Description
The LM741 series are general purpose operational amplifiers which feature improved performance over industry standards like the LM709� They are direct� plug-in replacements
for the 709C� LM201� MC1439 and 748 in most applications�
The amplifiers offer many features which make their application nearly foolproof� overload protection on the input and
output� no latch-up when the common mode range is exceeded� as well as freedom from oscillations�
The LM741C�LM741E are identical to the LM741�LM741A
except that the LM741C�LM741E have their performance
guaranteed over a 0� C to a 70� C temperature range� instead of b55� C to a 125� C�
Schematic Diagram
TL�H�9341 – 1
Offset Nulling Circuit
TL�H�9341 – 7
C1995 National Semiconductor Corporation
TL�H�9341
RRD-B30M115�Printed in U� S� A�
LM741 Operational Amplifier
November 1994
Absolute Maximum Ratings
If Military�Aerospace specified devices are required� please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office�
Distributors for availability and specifications�
(Note 5)
LM741A
LM741E
LM741
LM741C
g 22V
g 22V
g 22V
g 18V
Supply Voltage
Power Dissipation (Note 1)
500 mW
500 mW
500 mW
500 mW
g 30V
g 30V
g 30V
g 30V
Differential Input Voltage
g 15V
g 15V
g 15V
g 15V
Input Voltage (Note 2)
Output Short Circuit Duration
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
Continuous
b 55� C to a 125� C
b 55� C to a 125� C
0� C to a 70� C
0� C to a 70� C
Operating Temperature Range
b 65� C to a 150� C
b 65� C to a 150� C
b 65� C to a 150� C
b 65� C to a 150� C
Storage Temperature Range
Junction Temperature
150� C
100� C
150� C
100� C
Soldering Information
N-Package (10 seconds)
260� C
260� C
260� C
260� C
J- or H-Package (10 seconds)
300� C
300� C
300� C
300� C
M-Package
Vapor Phase (60 seconds)
215� C
215� C
215� C
215� C
Infrared (15 seconds)
215� C
215� C
215� C
215� C
See AN-450 ‘‘Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability’’ for other methods of soldering
surface mount devices�
ESD Tolerance (Note 6)
400V
400V
400V
400V
Electrical Characteristics (Note 3)
Parameter
Conditions
LM741A�LM741E
Min
Input Offset Voltage
TA e 25� C
RS s 10 kX
RS s 50X
Typ
Max
0�8
3�0
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX
RS s 50X
RS s 10 kX
TA e 25� C� VS e g 20V
Input Offset Current
TA e 25� C
5�0
Units
Typ
Max
2�0
6�0
7�5
g 15
3�0
g 15
TA e 25� C
30
30
20
200
70
85
500
20
200
nA
300
nA
nA�� C
80
80
0�210
TA e 25� C� VS e g 20V
1�0
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX�
VS e g 20V
0�5
6�0
500
80
1�5
0�3
2�0
0�3
TA e 25� C
g 12
50
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX�
RL t 2 kX�
VS e g 20V� VO e g 15V
VS e g 15V� VO e g 10V
VS e g 5V� VO e g 2V
32
2�0
500
nA
0�8
mA
MX
MX
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX
TA e 25� C� RL t 2 kX
VS e g 20V� VO e g 15V
VS e g 15V� VO e g 10V
mV
mV
mV
0�5
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX
mV
mV
mV�� C
g 10
Average Input Offset
Current Drift
Large Signal Voltage Gain
1�0
Min
6�0
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX
Input Voltage Range
Max
15
Input Offset Voltage
Adjustment Range
Input Resistance
LM741C
Typ
4�0
Average Input Offset
Voltage Drift
Input Bias Current
LM741
Min
g 12
g 13
50
200
25
10
2
g 13
V
V
20
15
200
V�mV
V�mV
V�mV
V�mV
V�mV
Electrical Characteristics (Note 3) (Continued)
Parameter
Conditions
LM741A�LM741E
Min
Output Voltage Swing
VS e g 20V
RL t 10 kX
RL t 2 kX
Typ
Max
10
10
25
Common-Mode
Rejection Ratio
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX
RS s 10 kX� VCM e g 12V
RS s 50X� VCM e g 12V
80
95
86
96
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX�
VS e g 20V to VS e g 5V
RS s 50X
RS s 10 kX
Transient Response
Rise Time
Overshoot
TA e 25� C� Unity Gain
Bandwidth (Note 4)
TA e 25� C
Slew Rate
TA e 25� C� Unity Gain
Supply Current
TA e 25� C
LM741A
LM741E
LM741
Min
Typ
Units
Max
V
V
TA e 25� C
TAMIN s TA s TAMAX
0�25
6�0
TA
VS
VS
LM741C
Max
g 15
Output Short Circuit
Current
Power Consumption
Typ
g 16
VS e g 15V
RL t 10 kX
RL t 2 kX
Supply Voltage Rejection
Ratio
LM741
Min
0�437
1�5
0�3
0�7
e 25� C
e g 20V
e g 15V
80
g 12
g 14
g 12
g 14
g 10
g 13
g 10
g 13
35
40
0�8
20
25
V
V
25
mA
mA
dB
dB
70
90
70
90
77
96
77
96
dB
dB
0�3
5
0�3
5
ms
%
0�5
0�5
V�ms
MHz
1�7
2�8
1�7
2�8
mA
50
85
50
85
mW
mW
150
VS e g 20V
TA e TAMIN
TA e TAMAX
165
135
mW
mW
VS e g 20V
TA e TAMIN
TA e TAMAX
150
150
mW
mW
VS e g 15V
TA e TAMIN
TA e TAMAX
60
45
100
75
mW
mW
Note 1� For operation at elevated temperatures� these devices must be derated based on thermal resistance� and Tj max� (listed under ‘‘Absolute Maximum
Ratings’’)� Tj e TA a (ijA PD)�
Thermal Resistance
Cerdip (J)
DIP (N)
HO8 (H)
SO-8 (M)
ijA (Junction to Ambient)
100� C�W
100� C�W
170� C�W
195� C�W
N�A
N�A
25� C�W
N�A
ijC (Junction to Case)
Note 2� For supply voltages less than g 15V� the absolute maximum input voltage is equal to the supply voltage�
Note 3� Unless otherwise specified� these specifications apply for VS e g 15V� b 55� C s TA s a 125� C (LM741�LM741A)� For the LM741C�LM741E� these
specifications are limited to 0� C s TA s a 70� C�
Note 4� Calculated value from� BW (MHz) e 0�35�Rise Time(ms)�
Note 5� For military specifications see RETS741X for LM741 and RETS741AX for LM741A�
Note 6� Human body model� 1�5 kX in series with 100 pF�
3
Connection Diagrams
Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package
Metal Can Package
TL�H�9341–2
TL�H�9341 – 5
Order Number LM741H� LM741H�883��
LM741AH�883 or LM741CH
See NS Package Number H08C
Order Number LM741J-14�883�� LM741AJ-14�883��
See NS Package Number J14A
�also available per JM38510�10101
��also available per JM38510�10102
Dual-In-Line or S�O� Package
Ceramic Flatpak
TL�H�9341 – 6
Order Number LM741W�883
See NS Package Number W10A
TL�H�9341–3
Order Number LM741J� LM741J�883�
LM741CM� LM741CN or LM741EN
See NS Package Number J08A� M08A or N08E
�LM741H is available per JM38510�10101
4
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters)
Metal Can Package (H)
Order Number LM741H� LM741H�883� LM741AH�883� LM741CH or LM741EH
NS Package Number H08C
5
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) (Continued)
Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package (J)
Order Number LM741CJ or LM741J�883
NS Package Number J08A
Ceramic Dual-In-Line Package (J)
Order Number LM741J-14�883 or LM741AJ-14�883
NS Package Number J14A
6
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) (Continued)
Small Outline Package (M)
Order Number LM741CM
NS Package Number M08A
Dual-In-Line Package (N)
Order Number LM741CN or LM741EN
NS Package Number N08E
7
LM741 Operational Amplifier
Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) (Continued)
10-Lead Ceramic Flatpak (W)
Order Number LM741W�883
NS Package Number W10A
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT
DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL
SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION� As used herein�
1� Life support devices or systems are devices or
systems which� (a) are intended for surgical implant
into the body� or (b) support or sustain life� and whose
failure to perform� when properly used in accordance
with instructions for use provided in the labeling� can
be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury
to the user�
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Corporation
1111 West Bardin Road
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Tel� 1(800) 272-9959
Fax� 1(800) 737-7018
2� A critical component is any component of a life
support device or system whose failure to perform can
be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life
support device or system� or to affect its safety or
effectiveness�
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Europe
Fax� (a49) 0-180-530 85 86
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Tel� 81-043-299-2309
Fax� 81-043-299-2408
National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described� no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications�
This datasheet has been download from:
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Datasheets for electronics components.
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