Electrical Engineering - Punjab Technical University

Electrical Engineering - Punjab Technical University
PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Scheme& Syllabus of
B. Tech. Electrical Engineering [EE]
Batch 2011
By
Board of Studies Electrical Engineering
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech Electrical Engineering (EE) Batch 2011
Note: There will be 04 weeks BTEE309 Institutional training after 2nd semester.
“S” for Satisfactory and US for unsatisfactory
Semester –III
Course
Code
BTAM-301
BTEE-301
BTEE-302
BTEE-303
BTEE-304
BTEE-305
BTEE-306
BTEE-307
BTEE-309
Course Title
L
Engineering Mathematics-III
Circuit Theory
Transformers & Direct Current
Machines
Electrical Measurements &
Instrumentation
Electronic Devices and Circuits
Laboratory-I
(Semiconductor Devices and
Circuit Theory)
Laboratory-II
( Electrical Machines -I)
Laboratory-III
(Electrical Measurements )
Institutional Training
(Undertaken after 2nd semester)
Total
4
4
4
T P Marks Distribution
Internal
External
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
4
1 -
40
4
-
1 - 2
-
20
Total
Marks
100
100
100
Credits
60
100
5
40
30
60
20
100
50
5
1
- 2
30
20
50
1
- 2
30
20
50
1
60
40
100
S/US
350
400
750
28
Total
Marks
100
100
100
100
100
Credits
5 6
5
5
5
Semester –IV
Course
Code
BTEE-401
BTEE-402
BTEE-403
BTEC-404
BTEE-405
Course Title
Asynchronous Machines
Linear Control Systems
Electromagnetic Fields
Digital Electronics
Power System-I
(Transmission & Distribution)
BTEE-406 Power Plant Engineering
BTEE-407 Laboratory-IV
(Instrumentation & Measuring
Devices)
BTEE-408 Laboratory-V
(Control System)
BTEC-409 Laboratory-VI
(Electronic Circuits)
General Fitness
Total
L
3
4
3
3
3
T P Marks Distribution
Internal
External
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
3
-
1 - 2
40
30
60
20
100
50
4
1
-
- 2
30
20
50
1
-
- 2
30
20
50
1
6 6
100
430
420
100
850
S/US
28
19
4
5
4
4
4
2
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech Electrical Engineering (EE) Batch 2011
Note: There will be 04 weeks BTEE509 Institutional training after 4th semester.
“S” for Satisfactory and US for unsatisfactory
Semester –V
Course
Code
BTEE-501
BTEE-502
BTEE-503
BTEE-504
BTEE-505
BTEE-506
BTEE-507
BTEE-508
BTEE-509
Course Title
L
Synchronous Machines
Electric Generation & Economics
Microprocessors
Power Electronics
Numerical & Statistical Methods
Laboratory-VII
(Electrical Machines-II)
Laboratory-VIII
(Numerical Analysis)
Laboratory-IX
(Electrical: Estimation & Costing)
Industrial Training
(Undertaken after 4th semester)
Total
4
4
4
4
4
-
T P Marks Distribution
Internal External
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
1 40
60
- 2
30
20
-
- 2
30
-
- 2
20
5 6
Total
Marks
100
100
100
100
100
50
Credits
20
50
1
30
20
50
1
60
40
100
S/US
350
400
750
28
5
5
5
5
5
1
Semester –VI
Course
Code
BTEE-601
BTEE-602
Course Title
Electric Power Utilization
Power System-II
(Switch Gear & Protection)
BTEE-603 Non-Linear & Digital Control
Systems
BTEE-604
Microcontroller and PLC
BTYY-6XX Open Elective
BTEE-605X Elective-I
BTEE-606 Laboratory-X
(Power Electronics & Drives)
BTEE-607 Laboratory-XI
(Power System-II)
BTEE-608 Laboratory-XII
(Micro controller & PLC )
General Fitness
Total
L
3
3
T P Marks Distribution Total
Internal External Marks
1 40
60
100
1 40
60
100
4
1 -
40
60
100
5
3
3
3
-
1
1
1
-
2
40
40
40
30
60
60
60
20
100
100
100
50
4
4
4
1
-
- 2
30
20
50
1
-
- 2
30
20
50
1
19
6 6
100
430
420
100
850
S/US
28
Credits
4
4
3
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech Electrical Engineering (EE) Batch 2011
Semester –VII/VIII
Course
Course Title
Code
Industrial Training (One semester)
BTEE-701
BTEE-702
Marks Distribution
Internal External
Software Training
Industrial oriented Project Training
Total
150
300
450
100
200
300
Total
Marks
Credits
250
500
750
8
10
18
Semester –VII/VIII
Course
Code
BTEE-801
BTEE-802
BTEE-803
BTEE-804Y
BTEE-805Z
BTEE-806
BTEE-807
BTEE-808
General Fitness
Course Title
L
T
P
Power System Analysis
High Voltage Engineering
3
4
1
1
-
Non-conventional Energy
Sources
Elective-II
Elective-III
Lab-XIII
(Power System Analysis)
Project Work
Seminar
3
1
-
40
3
3
-
1
1
-
2
-
-
6
2
16
5
10
Total
Marks Distribution
Internal External
40
60
40
60
Total
Marks
100
100
Credits
60
100
4
40
40
30
60
60
20
100
100
50
4
4
1
60
100
100
490
40
360
100
100
100
850
4
2
S/US
28
4
5
4
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech Electrical Engineering (EE) Batch 2011
Elective
Electrical Power Systems
Elective-I
(BTEE-605X)
Elective-II
(BTEE-804Y )
Elective-III
(BTEE-805Z)
Elective
BTEE-605A
Computer Aided Electrical Machine Design
BTEE-605B
Flexible AC Transmission Systems
BTEE-804A
Power System Operation and Control
BTEE-804B
Energy Auditing and Management
BTEE-805A
Power Quality Monitoring and Conditioning
BTEE-805B
HVDC Transmission
Instrumentation and Control
Elective-I
(BTEE-605X)
Elective-II
(BTEE-804Y)
Elective-III
(BTEE-805Z)
Elective
Elective-I
(BTEE-605X)
Elective-II
(BTEE-804Y)
Elective-III
(BTEE-805Z)
BTEE-605C
Instrumentation in Power System
BTEE-605D
Biomedical instrumentation
BTEE-804C
Digital Signal Processing
BTEE-804D
Industrial Process Control
BTEE-805C
Virtual Instrumentation
BTEE-805D
Energy Efficient Machines
Electronics and Computers
BTEE-605E
Principles of Communication Systems
BTEE-605F
Microelectronics Technology
BTEE-804E
Networks and Data Communication
BTEE-804F
Data Mining and Pattern Recognition
BTEE-805E
Embedded Systems
BTEE-805F
Visual Programming
OPEN ELECTIVES – offered by Electrical engineering department to be studied by
other discipline students except Electrical Engineering and Electrical Engineering &
Industrial Control students
BTEE-609
Fundamentals of Electrical Machines
Energy Auditing & Management
BTEE-610
BTEE-611
Non-Conventional Energy Sources
BTEE- 612
Electrical Measurements
OPEN ELECTIVES –likely to be offered by other departments to be studied by
Electrical Engineering students
BTCE-6XX
Fluid Mechanics
Entrepreneurships
BTHU-6XX
BTME-6XX
Business Process and Re-engineering
BTHU-6XX/HU-251
Human Resource Management
BTAM-6XX/ CH-304
Optimization Techniques
Introduction to Business Systems
BTCS-6XX/CS-304
BTME-6XX/ME-251
Total Quality Management
5
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-301 CIRCUIT THEORY
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
CIRCUITS CONCEPTS: Independent and dependent sources, Signals and wave forms: Periodic and
singularity voltages, step, ramp, impulse, doublet, loop currents and loop equations, node voltage and node
equations, Network Theorems: Superposition, Thevenin's, Norton's, Maximum Power Transfer, and
Reciprocity.
TIME AND FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Representation of basic circuits in terms of
generalized frequency and their response, Laplace transform of shifted functions, transient and steady
response, Time domain behaviors from poles and zeros, Convolution Theorem.
NETWORK SYNTHESIS: Network functions, Impedance and admittance function, Transfer functions,
Relationship between transfer and impulse response, poles & zeros and restrictions, Network function for
two terminal pair network, Sinusoidal network in terms of poles & zeros, Real liability condition for
impedance synthesis of RL & RC circuits, Network synthesis techniques for 2-terminal network, Foster and
Cauer forms.
FILTERS SYNTHESIS: Classification of filters, characteristics impedance and propagation constant of
pure reactive network, Ladder network, T-section, π-section, terminating half section, Pass bands and stop
bands, Design of constant-K, m-derived filters, Composite filters.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Bird John, Electrical Circuit Theory and Technology, 2nd Ed., Newnes
Chakraborty, Abhijit, Circuit Theory, 2nd Edition, Dhanpat Rai, 2001
Chaudhury D. Roy, Networks & Synthesis, New Age International.
Edminister J.A., Electric Circuits, 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2002
Iyer T.S.K.V., Circuit Theory, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006
Mohan, Sudhakar Sham, Circuits & Networks Analysis and Synthesis, 2nd Edition, Tata Mc Graw
Hill, 2005
Van Valkenberg, M.E., Network Analysis & Synthesis, PHI learning, 2009
Van Valkenberg, M.E., Network Analysis & Synthesis, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2006
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 1 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-302 TRANSFORMERS AND DIRECT CURRENT MACHINES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
TRANSFORMERS: Working principle, construction of single phase transformer, EMF equation, phasor
diagrams on no-load and on loaded conditions, open circuit and short circuit tests, equivalent circuit
parameters estimation, voltage regulation and efficiency, back to back test. Effect of saturation on exciting
current and in-rush current phenomenon. Parallel operation of single phase transformers.
AUTO TRANSFORMERS: Principle of operation, equivalent circuit and phasor diagrams, comparison
with two winding transformer.
THREE-PHASE TRANSFORMERS: Different types of winding connections, Voltage and current ratios,
Parallel operation of three phase transformers. Three winding transformer’s equivalent circuit, off-load and
on-load tap changing transformer, Scott connections. Testing of transformers.
D.C. GENERATOR: Working principle , construction of DC Machines, Armature windings, single and
double layer winding diagrams, E.M.F. and torque equations, armature reaction, effect of brush shift,
compensating winding, commutation, causes of bad commutation, methods of improving commutation,
methods of excitation of d.c. generators and their characteristics.
D.C. MOTOR: Working principle characteristics, starting of shunt and series motor, starters, speed control
methods: field and armature control. Braking: plugging, dynamic and regenerative braking, Testing:
Swinburn's test, Hopkinson test, Field test. Estimation of losses and efficiency.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Bimbhra P.S., Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publishers
Fitzgerald A.E., Kingsley C. and Umans S.D., Electric Machinery, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill
Langsdorff E.H., Principles of D.C. machines, McGraw Hill
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Electrical Machines, 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill,
Say M G, Alternating Current Machines, 5th edition, Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 2 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-303 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
UNITS, DIMENSIONS AND STANDARDS: Introduction to MKS & Rationalised MKSA System, SI
Units, Standards of EMF, Resistance, Capacitance and Inductance, Systematic errors
GENERAL THEORY OF ANALOG MEASURING INSTRUMENTS: Operating torque, damping &
controlling torque, T/W ratio, Pointers & Scales. Principles of operation of various types of electro
mechanical indicating / registering instruments viz. PMMC, dynamometer, induction, thermal, etc. for dc &
ac measurement of voltage, current, power, frequency, phase & power factor etc., energy meter: their
sources of error & compensation, shunts & multipliers, multi-meter.
POTENTIOMETERS: Basic D.C. potentiometer circuit, Modern form of D.C. potentiometer, measurement
of voltage, current, Resistance and calibration of voltmeter & ammeter using D.C. potentiometer, volt ratio
box, Self balancing potentiometer, A.C. potentiometers and their applications.
BRIDGES: Sources and Detectors, General equation for bridge balance, Wheatstone bridge and its
sensitivity analysis, Kelvin double bridge, AC bridges: applications and conditions for balance, Maxwell’s
bridge, Hay’s bridge, Schering bridge, Wien bridge, DeSauty’s bridge, Insulation testing, Sources of errors
in bridge circuits, Shielding of bridge elements, Wagner Earthling Device.
MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS: Flux meter, B-H Curve, Hysteresis loop, Permeameters, AC Testing of
Magnetic materials, Separation of iron losses, iron loss measurement by Wattmeter and Bridge methods.
INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS: Theory and construction of current and potential transformers, ratio
and phase angle errors and their minimization, Characteristics of current transformers (CT).and potential
transformers ( PT). and their Testing.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Bell David A., Electronics Instrumentation and Measurements, Prentice Hall, India
Golding Edward William and Widdis Frederick Charles, Electrical Measurements and Measuring
instruments, Wheelers India
Helfrick A.D. and Cooper W.D., Modern Electronic Instrumentation. & Measurement Techniques,
Prentice Hall
Murthy D. V. S., Transducers and Instrumentation, Prentice-Hall, India
Sawhney A. K., A Course in Electrical & Electronics Measurement & Instrumentation., Dhanpat Rai
& Sons.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 3 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-304 ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
BASIC SEMICONDUCTOR AND DIODES: Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, diffusion and drift
currents, p-n junction under open-circuit, reverse bias and forward-bias conditions, p-n junction in the
breakdown region, Ideal diode, terminal characteristics of junction diode, Load-line analysis of diode
circuits, half wave rectifier and full wave rectifiers, Clippers and Clampers, capacitive filters, RC and LC
filter, voltage multipliers. Principles, construction, characteristics and applications of Zener diodes, Light
Emitting Diodes, Schottky Diode, Varactors
BIPOLAR AND UNIPOLAR TRANSISTORS: Bipolar junction transistor (BJT)- physical structure and
modes of operation, Transistor characteristic and parameters, Common Base, Common Emitter and Common
Collector Configurations, Transistor biasing, Transistor as a switch, Basics characteristics of an amplifier,
Simple transistor model (re model), Common Emitter, Common Collector and Common base amplifiers,
hybrid equivalent circuit, H-parameters, circuit analysis using h-parameters. Junction field effect transistor
(JFET): Characteristics, parameters and biasing. Metal oxide field effect transistor (MOSFET):
Characteristics, parameters and biasing. Class a power amplifier, Class B, Class AB Push-pull and Class Camplifiers.
INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND OPERATIONAL-AMPLIFIERS: Introduction to IC’s, Op-Amps, OpAmp Characteristics, Feedback, Different feedback configurations, Current– to–voltage converter and
voltage-to-current converters, voltage and current amplifiers, mathematical operations using Op-Amp,
summing, differential, integrating amplifiers, Comparators and Schmitt trigger
OSCILLATORS AND ACTIVE FILTERS: Oscillations, Feedback oscillator Principles,, RC phase shift
oscillator, Wein bridge oscillator, Hartley oscillator, Colpitts oscillator, Crystal oscillators, frequency
stability, negative resistance in oscillators. Active Filters (1st order) with low pass, high pass, band pass, band
stop and all pass. Pin configuration of 555 timer, 555 timer as Oscillator: monostable, bistable and astable
multivibrator.
REGULATED POWER SUPPLIES: Unregulated power supplies, line and load regulations, Zener diode
voltage regulators, transistor series and shunt regulators, current limiting, Op-Amp voltage regulators,
integrated circuit (LM-3XX) voltage regulators. Introduction to switching regulators. Working of Switched
Mode Power Supply (SMPS).
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Boylestad, Robert.L. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, Pearson Education
Cathey Jimmie J., Theory and Problems of Electronic Devices and Circuits, McGraw-Hill
Floyd Thomas L., Electronic Devices, Pearson Education
Gayakwad, Ramakant A. OP-AMPS and Linear Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall of India
Malvino Albert Paul and Bates David, Electronic Principles, edition 7th, Tata McGraw Hill
Millman Jacob, Integrated Electronic Devices and Circuits, Tata McGraw Hill
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 4 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-305 Laboratory-I (Semi-conductor Devices and Circuit Theory)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
To draw V-I characteristics of PN junction diode (Ge, Si, switching and signal).
To design half wave rectifier.
To design full wave and bridge rectifiers.
To study transistor characteristics in common base and common emitter configurations.
To study the FET characteristics.
To design, study and compare various transistor biasing techniques.
To design regulated power supply using zener diode/ voltage regulator IC.
To study of an emitter follower circuit.
To verify Superposition theorem.
To verify Norton’s theorem.
To verify Thevenin’s theorem.
To verify maximum power transfer theorem.
To study the response of constant K-filters.
To study the response of m-derived filters
Diode clippers and clampers.
Page 5 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-306 Laboratory-II (Electrical Machines-I )
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
List of Experiments
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
To Load test on a single phase transformer.
To perform Open circuit and short circuit tests on a single phase transformer and hence find
equivalent circuit, voltage regulation and efficiency.
To find the efficiency and voltage regulation of single phase transformer under different loading
conditions.
To perform parallel operation of two single phase transformers.
To study the various connections of three phase transformer.
To perform Scott connections on three phase transformer to get two phase supply.
To study the constructional details of direct current (d.c.) machine and to draw sketches of different
components.
To measure armature and field resistance of direct current (d.c.) shunt generator and to obtain its
open circuit characteristics.
To obtain load characteristics of direct current (d.c.) shunt/series /compound generator.
To draw speed-torque characteristics of direct current (d.c.) shunt/series /compound generator.
To study direct current (d.c.) motor starters.
To perform Swinburne's test (no load test) to determine losses of direct current (d.c.) shunt motor.
Page 6 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-307 Laboratory-III (Measurements)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
List of experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Study of principle of operation of various types of electromechanical measuring instruments.
a) To measure high value of DC current by a Low Range DC Ammeter and Shunt.
b) To measure high value of DC voltage by a Low Range DC Voltmeter and Multiplier
a) To measure high value of AC Current by a Low Range AC Ammeter and Current Transformer.
b) To measure high value of AC Voltage by Low Range Voltmeter and Potential Transformer
Measurement of resistance using Wheatstone Bridge.
To measure active and reactive power in 3 phase balanced load by one wattmeter method.
To measure the active power in three phase balanced and unbalanced load by two wattmeter method
and observe the effect of power factor variation on wattmeter reading.
To calibrate and use the Induction Energy Meter.
Measurement of resistance using Kelvin's Bridge.
Measurement of self inductance using Anderson's Bridge.
Measurement of capacitance using Schering Bridge.
Plotting of Hysteresis loop for a magnetic material using flux meter.
Measurement of frequency using Wein's Bridge.
To study the connections and use of Current and potential transformers and to find out ratio error.
Determination of frequency and phase angle using CRO.
Measurement of unknown voltage using potentiometer.
To find 'Q' of an inductance coil and verify its value using Q- meter.
Page 7 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-401 ASYNCHRONOUS MACHINES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
POLYPHASE INDUCTION MACHINES: Analogy between induction motor and transformer, production
of rotating field in space distributed three-phase winding, constructional features, concept of slip and
operation, rotor frequency, current and power, equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, torque-slip characteristics,
effect of rotor circuit resistance, starting torque, crawling and cogging, cage motors(double cage and deep
bar motor).
STARTING METHODS AND SPEED CONTROL: Starting methods, speed control: (i) control of speed
of rotating field, (ii) control of slip speed. Effect of voltage injection in rotor circuit of slip ring induction
motor. Motor tests for estimation of equivalent circuit parameters.
INDUCTION GENERATOR: Isolated and Grid mode operation, method of excitation, performance
characteristics of three-phase self-excited induction generator.
SPECIAL PURPOSE MOTORS: Stepper Motors: construction, principle of operation and applications.
Linear Induction Machines: construction, principle of operation and applications. Universal Motor:
construction, principle of operation and applications.
SINGLE –PHASE MOTORS: Double revolving field theory, types of single phase motors, characteristics
and equivalent circuit. Shaded pole motor: working principle and characteristics.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fitzgerald A.E., Kingsley C. and Umans S.D., Electric Machinery, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill
Langsdorff E.H., Principles of A.C. Machines, McGraw Hill
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Electrical Machines, 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill,
Bimbhra P.S., Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publishers
Say M G, Alternating Current Machines, 5th edition, Sir Isaac pitman & Sons Ltd.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 8 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-402 LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
INTRODUCTORY CONCEPTS: Plant, Systems, Servomechanism, regulating systems, disturbances,
Open loop control system, closed loop control systems, linear and non-linear systems, time variant and
invariant, continuous and sampled-data control systems, Block diagrams, some illustrative examples.
MODELING: Formulation of equation of linear electrical, mechanical, thermal, pneumatic and hydraulic
system, electrical, mechanical analogies. Use of Laplace transforms, Transfer function, concepts of state
variable modeling. Block diagram representation, signal flow graphs and associated algebra, characteristics
equation.
TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Typical test – input signals, Transient response of the first and second order
systems. Time domain specifications, Dominant closed loop poles of higher order systems. Steady state error
and coefficients, pole-zero location and stability, Routh-Hurwitz Criterion.
ROOT LOCUS TECHNIQUE: The extreme points of the root loci for positive gain. Asymptotes to the
loci, Breakaway points, intersection with imaginary axis, location of roots with given gain and sketch of the
root locus plot.
FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Closed loop frequency response, Bode plots, stability and loop
transfer function. Frequency response specifications, Relative stability, Relation between time and frequency
response for second order systems. Log. Magnitude versus Phase angle plot, Nyquist criterion for stability.
COMPENSATION: Necessity of compensation, series and parallel compensation, compensating networks,
applications of lag and lead-compensation.
CONTROL COMPONENTS: Error detectors – potentiometers and synchros, servo motors, a.c. and d.c.
techno generators, Magnetic amplifiers.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
1.
2.
3.
4.
Dorf Richard C. and Bishop Robert H., Modern Control System, Addison –Wesley, Pearson New
Delhi
Ogata K., Modern Control Engineering”, Prentice Hall,
Kuo B. C., Automatic Control System”, Prentice Hall
Nagrath I.J. and Gopal M., Control System Engineering, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 9 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-403 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
REVIEW OF VECTOR ANALYSIS: Vector analysis, Physical interpretation of gradient, divergence and
curl; vector relations in other coordinate systems, integral theorems: divergence theorem, stoke’s theorem,
green’s theorem and Helmholtz theorem.
ELECTROSTATICS: Introduction to fundamental relations of electrostatic field; Gauss's law and its
applications; potential function; Field due to continuous distribution of charges; Equipotential surfaces;
Divergence theorem; Poisson's equation and Laplace's equation, capacitance, electrostatic energy, Conditions
at Boundary between dielectrics, Uniqueness theorem.
STEADY MAGNETIC FIELD: Magnetic induction and Faraday’s laws; magnetic Flux Density; magnetic
field strength and magnetomotive force; Ampere’s work Law in the differential vector form; permeability;
energy stored in a magnetic field ; ampere’s force law; magnetic vector potential, Analogies between electric
and magnetic fields.
MAXWELL'S EQUATIONS AND POYNTING VECTOR: Equation of continuity for time varying
fields, Inconsistency of ampere’s law, Maxwell’s equations in integral and differential form for static and
time varying fields, conditions at a Boundary surface, Concept of Poynting vector, Poynting Theorem,
Interpretation of ExH
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES: Solutions for free-space conditions; Uniform plane Wave Propagation;
Wave equations for a conducting medium; Sinusoidal time variations; Polarization; Conductors and
Dielectrics; Direction Cosines; Reflection by Perfect Conductor -normal and oblique incidence, Perfect
Dielectric-normal incidence, Perfect Insulator –Oblique incidence; Brewster angle, Reflection at a surface of
Conductive medium, Surface impedance.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
1.
2.
3.
4.
Edward C. Jordan and Keith G Balmain, Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems, PrenticeHall Inc.
Kraus John D. Electromagnetics, McGraw-Hill Publishers
Edminister Joseph A., Schaum's Theory and Problems of Electromagnetics, McGraw-Hill
Rao N. Narayana, Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics, Pearson Education
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 10 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEC- 404 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
NUMBER SYSTEM & CODES: Binary number system, octal number system, hexadecimal number
system, BCD Code, Gray code, signed & unsigned binary numbers, 1’s & 2’s complement of a number,
different types of codes, Binary operations- addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Parity for error
detection, Check sum and Hamming Code for error detection and correction.
COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS: Concept of positive and negative logic, Introduction to Boolean
variables, Boolean theorems and DeMorgan Theorem, Sum of product and Product of sum form of Logic
expressions, Duality, Logical functions using Karnaugh map and Quine-McClusky methods, multiplexers,
demultiplexers, encoders, decoders, adders, subtractors, parity generators, parity checkers, code converters.
SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITS: Flip-flops, JK flip-flops, D flip-flops, T flip- flops, SR flip- flops,
edge triggered and clocked flip-flops. Registers and Counters: Series and Parallel registers; Synchronous &
Asynchronous counters, Up and Down counters, Ring counters & Mod- Counters.
INTRODUCTION TO VHDL: Overview of digital design with very-high-speed integrated circuits
(VHSIC) hardware description language (VHDL), HDL format and Syntax, entity, Data representation in
VHDL, Truth table using VHDL, Decision Control structure and Sequential Circuit using VHDL.
DIGITAL LOGIC FAMILIES: Introduction, characteristics of digital ICs, resistor-transistor logic,
integrated-injection logic, direct-coupled transistor logic, diode-transistor logic & transistor-transistor logic,
emitter-coupled logic and MOS logic
DIGITAL TO ANALOG (D/A) AND ANALOG TO DIGITAL (A/D) CONVERTERS: Introduction,
weighted register D/A converter, binary ladder, D/A converter, specifications for D/A converters, parallel
A/D converter, successive approximation A/D converter single & dual slope A/D converter, AID converter
using voltage to frequency conversion, A/D converter using voltage to time conversion, countertype AID
converters.
SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORIES: Introduction, memory organization, classification & characteristics of
memories, sequential memories, read only memories, read & write memories, content addressable memories,
Programmable array Logic, programmable logic arrays and Programmable Logic Device, Field Array
Programmable Gate array
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Floyd Thomas S. Digital Fundamentals, Pearson Education
Jain R.P., Modern digital Electronics, Tata McGraw Hill
Kumar Anand, Fundamentals of Digital Circuits, Prentice Hall of india
Malvino Albert Paul, Principles of Digital Electronics, Tata McGraw Hill
Mano Morris, Digital Logic and Computer Design, Prentice Hall of India
Tocci Ronald J. Widmer Neal S. and Moss Gregory L., Digital Systems: Principles and
Applications, Prentice Hall of India
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 11 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-405, POWER SYSTEMS – I (Transmission and Distribution)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
SUPPLY SYSTEM: Introduction to Transmission and Distribution systems, Comparison between DC and
AC systems for Transmission and Distribution, comparison of cost of conductors, choice of working voltage
for transmission and distribution, economic size of conductors - Kelvin's law, Radial and mesh distribution
networks, Voltage regulation.
CONDUCTORS AND TRANSMISSION LINE CONSTRUCTION: Conductor materials; solid,
stranded, ACSR, hollow and bundle conductors. Different types of supporting structures for overhead lines.
Elementary ideas about transmission line construction and erection. Stringing of conductors, spacing, sag
and clearance from ground, overhead line insulators, concept of string efficiency.
TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS: Introduction to line parameters, Resistance of transmission
line, inductance of single phase two wire line, concept of G.M.D., Inductance of three phase line, Use of
bundled conductor, transposition of power lines, capacitance of 1-phase and 3-phase lines. effect of earth on
capacitance of conductors.
PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION LINES: Representation of short transmission line, medium
length line (nominal T & II circuits). long length line by hyperbolic equations and equivalent T & II circuits.
Power flow through transmission lines, ABCD constants, Voltage regulation.
CIRCLE DIAGRAM AND LINE COMPENSATION: Receiving end circle diagram for long
transmission lines based on ABCD constants, equivalent T circuits, power loci, surge impedance loading,
reactive power requirement of system series and shunt compensation, Synchronous phase modifiers , rating
of phase modifiers.
UNDERGROUND CABLES: Classification of cables based upon voltage and dielectric material, insulation
resistance and capacitance of single core cable, dielectric stress, Capacitance of 3 core cables, methods of
laying, heating effect, Maximum current carrying capacity, cause of failure, comparison with overhead
transmission lines.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Elgerd O.L., Electrical Energy System Theory - An introduction, Tata McGraw-Hill Publication
Gupta B.R., Power System Analysis & Design, Wheeler Publishing.
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Power System Analysis Tata McGraw-Hill Publication
Stevenson Jr. W.D., Elements of Power System Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill Publication
Wadhwa C.L., Course in Electrical Power, New Age International (P)Ltd.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 12 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-406 POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
STEAM GENERATORS, CONDENSERS AND TURBINES: Classification of steam generators,
selection, operation of locomotive, Babcock Wilcox, Cochran boilers, Types of condensers, effect of air in
condensers, Dalton's law of partial pressure, cooling water calculations, steam nozzles, types of steam
turbine efficiencies, compounding, governing and control.
STEAM POWER PLANT: Classification, Operation, Description of Rankin cycle, Regenerative cycle,
Reheat-Regenerative Cycle, Binary Vapour Cycle, Selection of plant site and its layout, coal handling
system, combustion system, Fluidised bed combustion, Ash handling, Feed pumps, Heat exchangers,
Economizers, Super heaters, Reheaters, Air preheaters, Feed water heaters, Evaporators.
HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS: Hydrological Cycle, Hydrograph, Flow duration curve,
Selection of site, Essential features, Classification of hydro plants, Selection of water turbines for hydro
power plant, Automatic and remote control of hydro-station, layout of hydro power plant.
NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: Nuclear physics, Binding energy, Radioactive decay. Fertile material,
Mass defect, Nuclear reactions type and application, Generation of nuclear energy by fission, Nuclear
reactors. Site selections, safety measures, plant layout, Fusion reaction, Future of nuclear power.
GAS TURBINE: Elements of gas turbines, Open and closed cycles for gas turbines, Performance terms,
Thermal refinement to gas turbines cycle, Plant layout, applications, gas turbines Cycle calculations.
DIESEL POWER PLANTS: Classifications of IC Engines and their performance, Four stroke and two
stroke diesel engines, combustion phenomenon; Essential components, Celane number, knocking, super
charging, operation and layout of diesel power plant.
COMBINED OPERATION OF DIFFERENT POWER PLANTS: Advantages of combined operation of
plants, load division between power stations, coordination of different types of Power Plants.
POLLUTION CONTROL: Pollution from thermal & nuclear plants, Particulate emission and control,
electrostatic precipitator, solid waste disposal.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1. Chakrabarti A., Soni, M.L. Gupta P.V. and Bhatanagar U.S., A Textbook on Power System Engineering,
Dhanpat Rai & Co.
2. EI-Wakit M.M., Power Plant Engineering, McGraw Hill, USA
3. Rajput R.K., Power Plant Engineering, Luxmi Publications
4. Sharma P.C., Power Plant Engineering, Kataria & Sons
5. Skrotzki B.G.A. and Vapot W.A., Power Station Engineering and Economy, Tata McGraw-Hill
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 13 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-407 Laboratory-IV (Instrumentation & Measuring Devices)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
To study the input-output characteristics of a potentiometer and to use a potentiometer as an error
detector.
To measure Insulation Resistance by Megger.
To measure earth resistance by Earth Tester.
To observe phase sequence of three phase circuit using Rotating type Phase Sequence Indicator.
To measure frequency of A.C. supply using Weston Frequency Meter.
To measure power factor of single phase and three phase load by PF Meter and verifying through
current, voltage and power measurement.
To measure circuit parameters and three phase load by PF Meter by LCR Meter.
Measurement of displacement using LVDT.
Temperature measurement using temperature sensor (RTD).
Light measurement using LDR and photo cell censor.
Water level measurement using capacitance transducer of a Liquid in a Tank
Velocity measurement using air flow transducer.
RPM measurement using electromagnetic transducers.
Study of the characteristics of a Piezoresistive Sensor for Pressure Measurement of a Liquid in a
Tank
Study of the characteristics of Resistance Temperature Detector(RTD)
Study of the characteristics of a Thermistor
Study of the characteristics of a Thermocouple
Study of the characteristics of an Electromagnetic Flowmeter
Study of the characteristics of a Tachometer
Study of the characteristics of a Photo reflective sensor for Speed Measurement
Page 14 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-408 Laboratory-V (Control System)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
To study the characteristics of potentiometers and to use 2- potentiometers as an error detector in a
control system.
To study the synchro Transmitter-Receiver set and to use it as an error detector
To study the Speed – Torque characteristics of an AC Servo Motor and to explore its applications.
To study the Speed – Torque characteristics of an DC Servo Motor and explore its applications.
To study various electro-mechanical transducers i.e. resistive, capacitive and inductive transducers
To study a LVDT (AC-AC, DC-DC) as a transducer and its processing circuits
To study the characteristics of a thermocouple, a thermistor and a RTD
To study photo-conductive cell, semi-conductor photodiode and a silicon photo voltaic cell
To study a silicon phototransistor and obtain response of photo conductive cell
To study the variations of time lag by changing the time constant using control engineering trainer
To simulate a third order differential equations using an analog computer and calculate time response
specifications
To obtain the transfer function of a D.C. motor – D.C. Generator set using Transfer Function Trainer
To study the speed control of an A.C. Servo Motor using a closed loop and an open loop systems
(i)
To study the operation of a position sensor and study the conversion of position in to
corresponding voltage
(ii)
To study an PI control action and show its usefulness for minimizing steady state error of time
response.
To measure Force / Displacement using Strain Gauge in a wheat stone bridge
To design a Lag compensator and test its performance characteristics.
To design a Lead-compensator and test its performance characteristics.
To design a Lead-Lag compensator and test its performance characteristics.
Note: At least 10 Experiments, out of above list of experiments are to be performed in the semester.
Page 15 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEC-409 Laboratory-VI (Electronic Circuits)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
To design a voltage regulator using zener diode and also see the effect of line and load regulation
To design various clippers and clampers using diodes.
To obtain the frequency response of an amplifier and calculate the gain bandwidth of the amplifier.
To investigate the emitter follower (Buffer) amplifier and determine AV,Ri,RO
To study the characteristics of a class B amplifier and also calculate the overall efficiency.
To study the characteristics of a class AB amplifier.
To study the characteristics symmetry amplifier.
To design and study various type of oscillators and to determine the frequency of oscillations.
To design a transistor series voltage regulator with current limits and observes current feedback
characteristics.
To study the characteristics of a complementary symmetry amplifier.
Application of Op-Amp(741) as inverting and non-inverting amplifier.
To use the OP-AMP as summing, scaling and averaging amplifier.
Design differentiator and integrator using OP-AMP and also determine the time constant and cut-off
frequency.
Application of OP-AMP as Schmitt Trigger.
Design a delay circuit using 555 timer and study the monostable, bistable and astable operations
using 555.
a) Verification of the truth tables of TTL gates viz; 7400,7402, 7404, 7408,7432,7486.
b) Design and fabrication and realization of all gates using NAND/NOR gates.
Verification of truth table of Mutiplexer(74150)/Demultiplexer(74154)
Design and verification of truth tables of half-adder, full-adder and subtractor circuits using gates
7483 and 7486(controlled inverter).
To study the operation of Arithmetic Logic Unit IC 74181.
Design fabrication and testing of
a)
Monostable multivibrator of t = 0.1ms approx. using 74121/123.testing for both positive and
negative edge triggering, variation in pulse width and retriggering.
b)
Free running mutivibrator at 1KHz and 1Hz using 555 with 50% duty cycle. Verify the
timing from theoretical calculations.
Design and test S-R flip-flop using NOR/NAND gates.
Design, fabricate and test a switch debouncer using 7400.
Verify the truth table of a JK flip flop using IC 7476,
Verify the truth table of a D flip flop using IC 7474 and study its operation in the toggle and
asynchronous mode.
Operate the counters 7490, 7493 and 74193(Up/Down counting mode). Verify the frequency
division at each stage. Using a frequency clock (say 1 Hz) display the count of LED’s.
Verify the truth table of decoder driver7447/7448. Hence operate a 7 segment LED display through a
counter using a low frequency clock. Repeat the above with the BCD to Decimal decoder 7442.
Page 16 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-501 SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
GENERAL ASPECTS: Construction and working principle of synchronous machines, Excitation
systems, production of sinusoidal electromotive force (EMF), flux and magnetomotive force
(MMF) phasors in syn. machines; cylindrical and salient pole rotors.
WINDINGS: Classification of windings, pitch factor, distribution factor. Electromagnetic Force
equation.
ALTERNATORS: Construction, Phasor diagram of cylindrical rotor alternator, ratings, nature of
armature reaction, determination of synchronous reactance; open-circuit characteristics, shortcircuit characteristics, short-circuit ratio, short-circuit loss. Effect of variation of power factor on
voltage. Determination of voltage regulation: EMF method, MMF. method. Zero power factor
(Z.P.F).method. Alternator on infinite bus bar, operation at constant load and variable excitation,
power flow through inductive impedance. Power-angle characteristics of synchronous machines:cylindrical and salient pole. Two reaction theory of salient pole machines, power factor control.
SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS: Operating characteristics, power-angle characteristics, conditions
for maximum power developed. V-curves and inverted V-curves, methods of starting, synchronous
motors applications, synchronous condensers. Hunting and damper windings.
PARALLEL OPERATION OF ALTERNATORS: Conditions for proper synchronizing for
single phase and three phase alternators, conditions for parallel operation, synchronizing power,
current and torque, effect of increasing excitation of one of the alternators, effect of change of speed
of one of the alternators, effect of unequal voltages, load sharing.
TRANSIENTS: Transient reactances and time constants from equivalent circuits, synchronous
machine reactances and their determination, Short circuit. Oscillogram, Synchronization with the
grid system, Qualitative introduction to the transient stability of the synchronous machines.
SINGLE PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS: Reluctance and Hysteresis motors.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Bimbhra P.S., Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publishers
Fitzgerald A.E., Kingsley C. and Umans S.D., Electric Machinery, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill
Langsdorff E.H., Principles of D.C. machines, McGraw Hill
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Electrical Machines, 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill,
Say M G, Alternating Current Machines, 5th edition, Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Ltd.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 17 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-502 ELECTRIC GENERATION AND ECONOMICS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Electrical energy sources, organization of power sector in India, single line diagram
of thermal, hydro and nuclear power stations. Classification of power plants in base load and peak
load plants
Loads and Load curves: Types of load (fixed voltage loads, resistive loads, Inductive motor loads,
Mechanical load), effect of load on supply voltage, Maximum demand, Group diversity factor, Peak
diversity factor, Types of load, chronological load curves, load-duration Curve, mass curves, load
factor, capacity factor, utilization factor, base load and peak load plants, load forecasting.
Power Plant Economics: Capital cost of plants, annual fixed cost, operating costs and effect of
load factor on cost of energy, depreciation.
Tariffs and power factor improvement: Objectives of tariff making, different types of tariff
(domestic, commercial, agricultural and industrial loads). Need for power factor (p.f.) improvement,
power factor improvement using capacitors, determination of economic power factor.
Selection of plant: Plant location, plant size, number and size of units in plants, economic
comparison of alternatives based on annual cost, rate of return, present worth and capitalized cost
methods.
Economic operation of steam plants: Methods of loading turbo-generators, input- output curve,
heat rate, incremental cost, method of Lagrangian multiplier, effect of transmission losses, coordination equations, and iterative procedure to solve co-ordination equations.
Hydro-thermal co-ordination: Advantages of combined working of Run-off River plant and
steam plant, reservoir hydro plants and thermal plants, long-term operational aspects, scheduling
methods.
Pollution and environmental problems: Energy and environment, Air pollution, Aquatic impacts,
nuclear plant and hydro plant impacts.
Cogeneration: Definition and scope, Topping and Bottoming Cycles, Benefits, cogeneration
technologies.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Deshpande M.V., Power Plant Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill (2004).
EI-Wakit M.M., Power Plant Engineering, McGraw Hill, USA
Rajput R.K., Power Plant Engineering, Luxmi Publications
Sharma P.C., Power Plant Engineering, Kataria and Sons
Skrotzki B.G.A. and Vapot W.A., Power Station Engineering and Economy, Tata McGraw-Hill
Arora S.C. and Dom Kundwar S., A course in Power Plant Engineering, Dhanpat Rai.
Nag, P.K., Power Plant Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill
Gupta B.R., Generation of Electrical Energy, S. Chand (1998).
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Power System Analysis Tata McGraw-Hill Publication
Chakrabarti A., Soni, M.L. Gupta P.V. and Bhatanagar U.S., A Textbook on Power System
Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Co.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 18 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-503 MICROPROCESSORS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
Introduction to Microprocessors: Types of computers, Microprocessor evolution and types,
Central Processing Unit (CPU) operation and terminology, idea of 8- bit, 16-bit, 32-bit and 64- bit
Microprocessors from Intel, Motorola and Zilog and their comparisons.
Introduction to 8-bit Microprocessor: 8085 Microprocessor architecture, classification of
instructions, Instruction format, and overview of the 8085 instruction set.
Introduction to 16-bit Microprocessor: 8086 Internal Architecture, Addressing modes, program
development steps, 8086 instruction set, Assembler directives, Assembly language, program
development tools.
Programming of 8086: Simple sequence programs, jumps, flags, conditional Jumps, IF-THEN,
IF-THEN-ELSE, Multiple IF-THEN-ELSE, WHILE-DO, REPEAT-UNTIL, Instruction Timing
and delay loops, strings, procedures, Macros.
8086 System Connections, Timing, Troubleshooting: Pin-diagram, maximum/minimum. modes,
timing diagrams, use of logic analyzer to observe Bus signals, troubleshooting a simple 8086 based
system
8086 Interrupts and Applications: 8086 Interrupts, responses and applications, 8254 softwareprogrammable timer/counter, 8259 a priority Interrupt Controller
Interfacing of 8086: Programmable parallel ports and handshake, Interfacing a Microprocessor to
Keyboards and alphanumeric displays, Digital to Analog (D/A) converter operation, interfacing and
applications, Analog-to Digital (A/D) converter specifications and Interfacing.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Gaonkar, Ramesh S. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications with the 8085,
Penram International
Ram B, Fundamentals of Microprocessors and Microcomputers, Dhanpat Rai and Sons,
Hall, Douglas V. Microprocessors and interfacing: Programming and Hardware, Tata McGraw
Hill
Brey, Barry B.Bray, The INTEL Microprocessors 8086/88, 80186, 286, 386, 486, Pentium Pro
Processors, Architecture, Programming and Interfacing, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall (India)
Ray A.K. and Bhurchandi K.M., Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals, Tata McGraw Hill.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 19 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-504 POWER ELECTRONICS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
Thyristors and their characteristics: Introduction to Thyristor family, V-I characteristics of siliconcontrolled rectifier (SCR), gate turn-off thyristor (GTO), Bidirectional diode for alternating current (DIAC)
and Bidirectional, Triode for Alternating Current (TRIAC). Principle of operation of silicon-controlled
rectifier (SCR). Two transistor analogy. Turn on methods of a thyristor Switching characteristics of
thyristors during tum-on and turn-off. Gate characteristics. Firing of thyristors. Gate triggering circuits.
Series and parallel operation of silicon-controlled rectifiers (SCR) and their triggering circuits. Thyristor
specifications; such as latching current and holding current, critical rate of rise of off-state voltage (dv/dt)
and critical rate of rise of on-state current (di/dt) etc. Protection of SCR from over voltage and over current.
Snubber circuits. Power dissipation.
Thyristor commutation techniques: Self commutation by resonating the load (Class A), Self commutation
by LC circuit (class B), Complementary commutation (class C), Auxiliary commutation (class D), External
pulse commutation (class E), AC Line commutation (class F).
Phase controlled techniques: Introduction to phase angle control. Single phase half wave controlled
rectifiers. Single phase half controlled and full controlled bridge rectifiers. Three phase full controlled bridge
rectifiers. Effect of resistive, inductive and resistive cum inductive loads. Basic circuit and principle of
operation of Dual Converter, circulating current mode and non-circulating current mode of operation.
Applications of rectifiers and dual converters to speed control of DC motor drives.
Choppers: Introduction of chopper, Basic chopper classification, Basic chopper operations. Control
strategies, Chopper configuration, voltage commutated chopper, Current commutated chopper, Load
commutated chopper.
Cycloconverters: Basic principle of operation, Single phase to. single phase cycloconverter. Three phase
half wave cycloconverter. Advantages disadvantages of cycloconverters.
Inverters: Introduction & Classification of inverter. Operating principle, Single phase half bridge voltage
source inverters, Single phase full bridge inverter. Modified McMurray half-bridge and full-bridge inverter.
Three-phase bridge inverter. Voltage control (Pulse-width modulation (PWM) control etc.) and reduction of
harmonics in the inverter output voltage. Series inverter.
Symbols and V-I characteristics of Silicon Unilateral Switch (SUS), Silicon Controlled Switch (SCS),
Silicon Bilateral Switch (SBS), Unijunction Transistor (UJT), Programmable Unijunction Transistor (PUT),
Light-activated silicon-controlled rectifier (LASCR), Reverse conducting Thyristors (RCT), Static Induction
Thyristor (SITH), N- Metal Oxide Semiconductor Controlled Thyristor (N-MCT), Field Controlled
Thyristors (FCT).
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Bimbhra, P.S., Power Electronics, Khanna Publishers.
Singh M.D. and Khanchandani K.B., Power Electronics, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing company
limited.
Rashid M.H., Power Electronics, Circuits Devices and Applications, Prentice Hall (India)
Sen, P.C., Power Electronics, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company limited.
Bhattacharya S.K. and Chatterji, S. Industrial Electronics and Control, by New Age international
Publications(P) Ltd, New Delhi.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 20 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-505 NUMERICAL AND STATISTICAL METHODS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
Floating-Point Numbers: Floating-point representation, Rounding, Chopping, Error analysis,
Condition and instability.
Non-Linear Equations: Bisection, Fixed-point iteration and Newton-Raphson methods, Order of
convergence.
Linear Systems and Eigen-Values: Gauss-elimination method (using Pivoting strategies) and
Gauss-Seidel Iteration method. Rayleigh’s power method for Eigen-values and Eigen-vectors
Interpolation: Lagrange’s formula with error, divided difference, Newton’s divided difference
formula
Numerical Integration: Newton-Cote’s quadrature formula (with error) and Gauss-Legendre
quadrature formula.
Differential Equations: Solution of initial value problem using Taylor Series, Euler’s and RungeKutta (up to fourth order) methods Statistical Methods
Random Variables: Definition, Probability distribution, Distribution functions, probability
distribution function (pdf) and cumulative distribution function (cdf), Expectation and Variance.
Special Probability Distributions: Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Uniform, Normal and
Exponential distributions.
Sampling Distributions: Population and samples, Concept of sampling distributions, Sampling
distribution of mean, Chi-square, t and F distributions (pdf only). Tests of Hypotheses: Basic ideas,
Important tests based on normal, Chi-square, t and F distribution.
Curve Fitting: Method of least squares, Fitting of simple curves using this method, Regression and
Correlation: (Two variables case only)
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Jain M.K., Iyengar, S.R.K., and Jain R.K., Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering
Computation, New Age International (2008) 5th ed.
Conte, S.D and Carl D. Boor, Elementry Numerical Analysis: An Algorithmic approach, Tata
McGraw Hill, New York (2005).
Johnson, R., Miller, I. and Freunds, J., Probability and Statistics for Engineers, Pearson
Education(2005) 7th ed.
Gerald C.F and Wheatley P.O., Applied Numerical Analysis, Pearson Education (2008) 7th ed.
Mathew, J.H., Numerical Methods for Mathematics, Science and Engineering, Prentice Hall Inc.J
(2002).
Meyer, P.L., Introductory Probability and Statistical Applications, Oxford (1970) 2nd ed.
Walpole, Ronald E., Myers, Raymond H., Myers, Sharon L. and, Keying Ye, Probability and
Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, Pearson Education (2007) 8th ed
Sastry S.S., Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis, Prentice Hall (India), (2002), 3rd ed.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 21 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-506 Laboratory-VII (Electrical Machines-II)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. list of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
To perform load-test on three-phase Induction motor and to plot torque versus speed characteristics.
To perform no-load and blocked–rotor tests on three-phase Induction motor to obtain equivalent
circuit. Parameters and to draw circle diagram.
To study the speed control of three-phase Induction motor by Kramer’s Concept.
To study the speed control of three-phase Induction motor by cascading of two induction motors, i.e.
by feeding the slip power of one motor into the other motor.
To study star- delta starters physically and
a)
to draw electrical connection diagram
b)
to start the three-phase Induction motor using it.
c)
to reverse the direction of three-phase Induction motor
To start a three-phase slip –ring induction motor by inserting different levels of resistance in the
rotor ckt. And to plot torque –speed characteristics.
To perform no-load and blocked–rotor test on single-phase Induction motor and to determine the
parameters of equivalent ckt. Drawn on the basis of double revolving field theory.
To perform load –test on single-phase. Induction motor and plot torque –speed characteristics.
To perform no load and short circuit. Test on three-phase alternator and draw open and short circuit
characteristics.
To find voltage regulation of an alternator by zero power factor (ZPF.) method.
To study effect of variation of field current upon the stator current and power factor with
synchronous motor running at no load and draw Voltage and inverted Voltage curves of motor.
To measure negative sequence and zero sequence reactance of Synchronous Machines.
Parallel operation of three phase alternators using
•
Dark lamp method
•
Two-Bright and one dark lamp method
To study synchroscope physically and parallel operation of three-phase alternators using
synchroscope.
Starting of synchronous motors using
 Auxiliary motor
 Using Damper windings
Page 22 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-507 Laboratory-VIII (Numerical Analysis )
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. list of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
To Develop algorithms/programs in C or C++ or FORTRAN-77/90/95 or MatLab language for the following
methods
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Lagrange’s formula with error, divided difference for interpolation,
Newton’s divided difference method for interpolation and extrapolation.
Bisection method for finding a real root of an equation.
Newton Raphson method for finding a real root of an equation.
Iteration method for finding a real root of an equation.
Gauss elimination method for solving simultaneous linear algebraic equations.
Gauss Jordan method for solving simultaneous linear algebraic equations.
Simpson's 1/3rd rule for numerical integration.
Newton's forward interpolation formula.
Lagrange's method for interpolation.
Euler's method for solving ordinary differential equations.
Runge-Kutta (up to fourth order) method for solving ordinary differential equations.
Curve fitting (linear and polynomial)
Page 23 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-508 Laboratory-IX (Electrical: Estimation and Costing)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. list of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
1. To study Indian electricity rules
2. To carryout wiring diagram of residential building, Educational institute and Industry. Giving
selection of appropriate wiring, list materials and accessories for given project.
3. To study the design consideration of Panel Boards.
4. To study the design consideration of various electrical systems:
a. 3 phase four wire distribution systems
b. Earthing
5. To estimate the cost of a domestic installation (Residential building, laboratory room or Drawing
hall etc) with concept of illumination design. TERI (The Energy Research Institute)
recommendations on lighting schemes
6. To estimate the cost of industrial installation (Work shop, agriculture, flour mill etc).
7. To estimate the cost of overhead service connection (Single phase and three phase).
8. To estimate the cost of underground service connection (single phase and three phase).
9. To estimate the cost of overhead, 440 V, 3-phase, 4 wire or 3 wire distribution line.
10. To estimate the cost of underground, distribution line.
11. To estimate the cost of any one electrical appliance.
12. To estimate the cost of repairs and maintenance of any one domestic appliance.
13. To study various types of light sources and lighting schemes.
14. To make wiring diagrams of motor control circuits for starting of
a. 3 phase induction motor
b. Wound Motor
c. Synchronous motor
RECOMMENDED BOOKS
1. Raina K.B. and Bhattacharya S.K., Electrical Design, Estimating and Costing, Tata McGraw Hill, New
Delhi
2. Gupta J.B., A course in Electrical Installation, Estimating and Costing, SK Kataria and Sons, N.Delhi
3. Sharma B.R. and Rai H.M., Electrical Estimating and Costing
4. Uppal S.L., Electrical Wiring, Estimating and Costing
5. Singh Surjeet, Estimating and Costing, Dhanpat Rai and Co., New Delhi
Page 24 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-601 ELECTRIC POWER UTILIZATION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Electric Drives: Electrical drives & Mechanical drives, Concept of electrical drives, Basic features
of industrial drives, review of operating and starting characteristics of different types of electric
motors for various drives (AC and DC motors). Estimation of rating and heating of motors, Load
equalization (Fly wheel effect), Drives for particular services.
Electric Traction: Introduction to Indian railways system , Electric Locomotive Classes, Various
types of Traction system, single phase feeding arrangement prevalent in India. Substation.
arrangements, Different Types of Catenary construction and line insulation, Span and dropper
design Calculations.
Electric Heating and Welding: Methods of electric heating, types of electric heating,
constructional details and performance of resistance heating furnace. Dielectric heating, Alternating
current (AC).and Direct current (DC) Welding, Resistance and Arc Welding. Electric Beam
Welding, Laser Welding. Typical construction of electrical welding AC and DC set.
Illumination: Production of light by different methods, terms used, laws of illumination, Different
Artificial light sources, their construction and operating principles, Design of lighting schemes and
equipment used for indoor, industrial and flood lighting.
Refrigeration and Air conditioning: Refrigeration system, Domestic refrigeration, Air
conditioner, Comfort Air conditioning, Effective temperature.
Electrolysis: Laws of Electrolysis, Process voltage, current, energy, efficiency, Applications of
electrolysis.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4
5.
6.
7.
Partab H., Modern Electric Traction, Dhanpat Rai
De N.K. and Sen P.K., Electric Drives, PHI publication
Berde M.S., Electric Motor Drives, Khanna Publishers
Gupta J.B., Utilization of Electric Power and Electric Traction, S.K. Kataria and Sons
Tripathy S. C., Electric Energy Utilization and Conservation, Tata McGraw Hill
Taylor E.O., Utilization of Electric Energy, Orient Blackswan
Hughes Austin, Electric Motors and Drives: Fundamentals, Types and Applications, Newnes,
(2005)
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 25 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-602 POWER SYSTEM-II (SWITCH GEAR AND PROTECTION)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Sub-Station: Types, Main equipment in Substation, substation layout, Busbar-arrangements.
Isolators and Fuses: Isolating switches functions, Types, Rating and operation. Fuse-types,
Rating, Selection, theory and characteristics, applications.
Circuit Breakers: Need for Circuit Breakers, Arc phenomenon, Theory of Arc Interruption,
Recovery Voltage and Restriking Voltage, Various Types of Circuit Breakers. Principles and
Constructional Details of Air Blast, Minimum Oil, SF6, Vacuum Circuit Breakers etc.
Protective Relays: Introduction, classification, constructional features; and Characteristics of
Electromagnetic, Induction, Thermal, Overcurrent relays, Directional relays, Distance relays,
Differential, Translay, Negative sequence relay, introduction to static and up-based relays.
Protection of Feeders: Time graded protection, Differential and Distance protection of feeders,
choice between Impedance, Reactance and Mho relays, Elementary idea about carrier current
protection of lines.
Protection of Generators and Transformers: Types of faults on alternator, Stator and rotor
protection, Negative sequence protection, Loss of excitation and overload protection. Types of fault
on transformers, percentage differential protection, Gas relays.
Protection against over voltage and earthing: Ground wires, Rod gap, Impulse gap, Valve type
and Metal Oxide Arresters, Line Arrester/Surge Absorber. Ungrounded neutral system, Grounded
neutral system and Selection of Neutral Grounding.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Rao S., Switchgear and Protection, Khanna Publishers
Chakrabarti A., Soni, M.L. Gupta P.V. and Bhatanagar U.S., A Textbook on Power System
Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Co.
Wadhawa C.L. , A Course in Electrical Power, New Age international Pvt. Ltd
Badri Ram and Vishwakarma D.N., Power system Protection and Switchgear, Tata McGraw Hill
Deshpande M.V., Switchgears and Protection, Tata McGraw Hill
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 26 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-603 NON-LINEAR AND DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
STATE VARIABLE TECHNIQUES: State variable representation of systems by various
methods, solution of state variable model. Controllability and observability.
PHASE PLANE ANALYSIS: Singular points, Method of isoclines, delta method , phase portrait
of second order nonlinear systems, limit cycle.
DESCRIBING FUNCTION ANALYSIS: Definition, limitations, use of describing function for
stability analysis, describing function of ideal relay, relay with hystersis, dead zone, saturation,
coulomb friction and backlash.
LYAPUNOV’S STABILITY METHOD: Lyapunov's direct method, generation of Lyapunov’s
function by Krasovskii’s and Variable Gradient methods
SAMPLED DATA SYSTEMS: Sampling process, mathematical analysis of sampling process,
application of Laplace transform. Reconstruction of sampled signal, zero order, first order hold. Ztransform definition, evaluation of Z-transform, inverse Z-transform, pulse transfer function,
limitations of Z-transform, State variable formulation of discrete time systems, solution of discrete
time state equations. Stability definition, Jury's test of stability, extension of Routh-Hurwitz
criterion to discrete time systems.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Ogata K., Modern control engineering. Prentice Hall (India)
Nagrath I.J., Gopal M., Control system engineering, New Age Publications
Hsu J.C. and Meyer A.U., Modern control principles and application
Gopal M., Digital Control and State Variable Methods, Tata McGraw Hill
Kuo B.C. and Golnaraghi F., Automatic Control System, Wiley Publications
Dorf R.V. and Bishop R.H., Modern Control Systems, Adison Wesley
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 27 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-604 MICROCONTROLLER AND PLC
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Microprocessor, Micro-controllers and their comparison. The 8051 Architecture:
Introduction, 8051 micro-controller hardware, input/ output, pins, ports and circuits, external
memory, counters and timers, serial data input/ output, interrupts
8051 Assembly Language Programming: The mechanics of programming, assembly language
programming process, programming tools and techniques, instruction set (data moving, logical
operations, arithmetic operations, jump and call instructions)
8051 Microcontroller Design: Micro-controller specification, external memory and memory space
decoding, reset and clock circuits, expanding input and output (I/O), memory mapped I/O, memory
address decoding, memory access times, testing the design, timing subroutines, lookup tables for
the 8051, serial data transmission
Microcontroller Applications: Interfacing keyboards, displays, Digital-to-Analog (D/A) and
Analog-to-Digital (A/D), multiple interrupts, serial data communications, introduction to the use of
assemblers and simulators Embedded Systems: Introduction to PLDs and FPGA- architecture,
technology and design issues, implementation of 8051 core.
Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC): Introduction, operation of PLC, difference between
PLC and Hardwired system, difference between PLC and Computer, relay logic and ladder logic,
ladder commands and examples of PLC ladder diagram realization, PLC timers, PLC counters, PLC
classification.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Kenneth J Ayola, The 8051 Micro Controller- Architecture, Programming and Application, Penram
International Publication
John B Peatman, Design with Micro Controller, Tata McGraw Hill
Ray A. K. and Bhurchandi K. M., Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals; Architecture,
Programming and Interfacing, Tata McGraw Hill
Mazidi M. A. and Mazidi J. G., The 8051 Micro-controller and Embedded System, Pearson
Education.
Udayashankara V. and Mallikarjunaswamy M.S., 8051 Microcontroller Hardware, Software and
Applications, TataMcGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., (2010)
Surekha Bhanot, Process Control, Oxford Higher Education.
Otter, Job Dan, Programmable Logic Controller, P.H. International, Inc, USA
Dunning Gary, Introduction to PLCs, Tata McGraw Hill
Kumar Rajesh, Module on PLCs and their Applications, NITTTR Chandigarh
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 28 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-609 FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Basic Principle, Types and constructional features of electrical machines, torque,
torque angle, basic electromagnetic laws, Induced EMF.
Transformers: Basic principle, turns ratio, types and parts of a transformer, ideal transformer,
transformer on no-load and on-load, phasor diagram, transformer reactance and equivalent circuit,
losses, efficiency, all day efficiency, regulation, basic concept of three-phase transformer and auto
transformer (excluding analysis).
Direct Current (DC) Machines: Principle, Constructional features, Types of direct current (DC)
machines, Electromotive force (EMF) and torque equations, circuit model, armature reaction,
commutation, Types of armature winding(no detailed diagram), characteristics of dc motors,
characteristics of dc generators, starting (three point and four point starters), speed control methods,
efficiency and applications.
Three-phase Induction Machines: Concept of rotating magnetic field in three phase, Construction
and principle of operation. slip frequency, rotor currents, rotor Magnetomotive force (MMF) and
torque production, equivalent circuit; torque slip characteristics, power output, starting;
Single-phase Induction Motors: Principle of single phase induction motors, double field revolving
theory, types of single phase induction motors.
Synchronous Machines: Construction and types, Electromotive force (EMF) equation,
synchronous reactance.
Principle of Special Motors: Alternating current (AC) series motor, universal motor, reluctance
motor, hysteresis motor, stepper motor, Brushless Motors, Switched reluctance motor and their
applications.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Thareja B.L., Electrical Machines, VOL II, S.Chand.
Fitzgerald A.E., Kingsley C. and Umans S.D., Electric Machinery, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Electrical Machines, Tata McGraw Hill
Bimbhra P.S., Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publishers
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 29 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-610/BTEE-804B ENERGY AUDITING AND MANAGEMENT
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Energy Scenario: Energy needs of growing economy, Long term energy scenario, Energy pricing,
Energy sector reforms, Energy and environment: Air pollution, Climate change, Energy security,
Energy conservation and its importance, Energy strategy for the future, Energy conservation Act2001 and its features.
Energy Management and Audit: Definition, Energy audit- need, Types of energy audit, Energy
management (audit) approach-understanding energy costs, Bench marking, Energy performance,
Matching energy use to requirement, Maximizing system efficiencies, Optimizing the input energy
requirements, Fuel and energy substitution, Energy audit instruments
Material and Energy balance: Facility as an energy system, Methods for preparing process flow,
Material and energy balance diagrams.
Financial Management: Investment-need, Appraisal and criteria, Financial analysis techniquesSimple payback period, Return on investment, Net present value, Internal rate of return, Cash
flows, Risk and sensitivity analysis, Financing options, Energy performance contracts and role of
energy savings companies (ESCOs).
Electrical system: Electricity tariff, Load management and maximum demand control, Power
factor improvement, Distribution and transformer losses. Losses in induction motors, Motor
efficiency, Factors affecting motor performance, Rewinding and motor replacement issues, energy
efficient motors. Light source, Choice of lighting, Luminance requirements, and Energy
conservation avenues
Compressed air system: Types of air compressors, Compressor efficiency, efficient compressor
operation, Compressed air system components, Capacity assessment, Leakage test Factors affecting
the performance and efficiency
High Voltage Alternating Current and Refrigeration System: Vapor compression refrigeration
cycle, Refrigerants, Coefficient of performance, Capacity, Factors affecting refrigeration and air
conditioning system performance and savings opportunities, Vapor absorption refrigeration system:
Working principle, Types and comparison with vapor compression system, Saving potential, Fans,
Blowers and pumps- Types, Performance evaluation, Efficient system operation, Flow control
strategies and energy conservation opportunities.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Abbi, Y.P. and Jain, S., Handbook on Energy Audit and Environment Management, Teri Bookstore
Diwan, P., Energy Conservation, Pentagon Press (2008).
Younger, W., Handbook of Energy Audits, CRC Press (2008)
Sawhney and Maheshwari, Solar Energy and Energy Conservation, Prentice Hall (India)
Rao S. and B. B. Parulkar, Energy Technology, Khanna Publishers
Sukhatme S. P., Solar Energy, Tata McGraw Hill
David S., Hand Book of Industrial Energy Conservation, Van Nostrand Reinhold Publishing Company.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 30 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-611/EE 803 NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
INTRODUCTION: Limitation of conventional energy sources, need and growth of alternative
energy source, basic scheme and application of direct energy conservation.
MHD GENERATORS: Basic principles, gaseous, conduction and hall effect, generator and motor
effect, different types of Magneto-Hydro-Dynamic (MHD) generator, types of MHD material,
conversion effectiveness, analysis of constant area MHD generator, practical MHD generator,
application and economic aspects.
THERMO-ELECTRIC GENERATORS: Thermoelectric effects, Seeback effect, Peltier effect,
Thomson effect, thermoelectric converters, figures of merit, properties of thermoelectric material,
brief description of the construction of thermoelectric generators, application and economic aspect.
PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT AND SOLAR ENERGY: Photovoltaic effect, different types of
photovoltaic cells, cell fabrication, characteristics of photovoltaic cells, conversion efficiency, solar
batteries, application, solar radiation analysis, solar energy in India, solar collectors, solar furnaces
and applications.
FUEL CELLS: Principle of action, Gibb's free energy, general description of fuel cells,types,
construction, operational characteristics and application.
MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES: Geothermal system, hydro-electric plants, wind power, tidal
energy, Bio-mass energy
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
Gupta B. R., Generation of Electrical Energy, S. Chand.
Rai, G.D., Non Conventional Energy Sources, Khanna Publishers (2005).
Rao, S. and Parulekar, B.B., Energy Technology: Non Conventional, Renewable and Conventional,
Khanna Publishers (2005).
4.
Wadhwa, C.L., Generation, Distribution and Utilization of Electric Energy, New Age International
(P) Limited, Publishers (2007).
5.
Simon , Christopher A., Alternate Source of Energy, Rowman and LittleField Publishers Inc.(2007).
6.
Venikov, V.A. and Putyain, E.V., Introduction to Energy Technology, Mir Publishers (1990).
7.
Chakrabarti A., Soni M. L., Gupta P. V. and Bhatnagar U. S., Power System Engineering, Dhanpat
Rai and Co.
8.
Kothari D.P., Singal K.C. and Ranjan R., Renewable Energy Sources and Emerging Technologies,
Prentice Hall (India)
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 31 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-612 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
UNITS, DIMENSIONS AND STANDARDS: Introduction to MKS ((Meter-Kilogram-Second) and
Rationalized MKSA (Meter-Kilogram-Second-Ampere) System, SI Units (International System of
Units), Standards of electromotive force (EMF), Resistance, Capacitance and Inductance,
Systematic errors
GENERAL THEORY OF ANALOG MEASURING INSTRUMENTS: Operating torque,
damping and controlling torque, Torque-weight ratio, Pointers and Scales. Principles of operation
of various types of electro mechanical indicating / registering instruments viz. Permanent Magnet
Moving Coil (PMMC), dynamometer, induction, thermal, etc. for direct current and alternating
current measurement of voltage, current, power, frequency, phase and power factor etc., energy
meter: their sources of error and compensation, shunts and multipliers, multi-meter.
POTENTIOMETERS: Basic direct current (DC) potentiometer circuit, Modern form of DC
potentiometer, measurement of voltage, current, Resistance and calibration of voltmeter and
ammeter using DC potentiometer, volt ratio box, Self balancing potentiometer, Alternating current
(AC) potentiometers and their applications.
BRIDGES: Sources and Detectors, General equation for bridge balance, Wheatstone bridge and its
sensitivity analysis, Kelvin double bridge, AC bridges: applications and conditions for balance,
Maxwell’s bridge, Hay’s bridge, Schering bridge, Wien bridge, DeSauty’s bridge, Insulation
testing, Sources of errors in bridge circuits, Shielding of bridge elements, Wagner Earthling Device.
MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS: Flux meter, B-H Curve, Hysteresis loop, Permeameters, AC
Testing of Magnetic materials, Separation of iron losses, iron loss measurement by Wattmeter and
Bridge methods.
INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS: Theory and construction of current and potential
transformers, ratio and phase angle errors and their minimization, Characteristics of current
transformers (CT) and potential transformers (PT) and their Testing.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Bell David A., Electronics Instrumentation and Measurements, Prentice Hall, India
Golding Edward William and Widdis Frederick Charles, Electrical Measurements and Measuring
instruments, Wheelers India
Helfrick A.D. and Cooper W.D., Modern Electronic Instrumentation. and Measurement Techniques,
Prentice Hall
Murthy D. V. S., Transducers and Instrumentation, Prentice-Hall, India
Sawhney A. K., A Course in Electrical and Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation., Dhanpat
Rai and Sons.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 32 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-605A COMPUTER AIDED ELECTRICAL MACHINE DESIGN
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Review of Magnetic and insulating materials.
Principles of design of Machines: Factors and limitations in design, specific magnetic and electric
loadings, output, real and apparent flux densities, separation of main dimensions for D.C., induction
and synchronous machines.
Heating, Cooling and Ventilation: Temperature rise calculation, continuous, short time and
intermittent ratings, types of ventilation, hydrogen cooling and its advantages.
Design of Transformers: General considerations, output equation, main dimensions, leakage
reactance, winding design, tank and cooling tubes, calculation of magnetizing current, losses,
efficiency and regulation.
Design Three-phase induction motors: General considerations, output equation, choice of specific
electric and magnetic loadings, No. of slots in stator and rotor, elimination of harmonic torques,
design of stator and rotor windings, leakage reactance, equivalent resistance of squirrel cage rotor,
magnetizing current, temperature rise and efficiency.
Introduction to computer aided electrical machine design.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Sawhney A.K., A Course in Electrical Machine Design, Dhanpat Rai.
Aggarwal R.K., Principles of Electrical Machine Design, S. K. Kataria and Sons.
Deshpande M.V., Design And Testing of Electrical Machines- PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Upadhyay K.G., Design of Electrical Machine, New Age International.
Hamdi Essam S., Design of small electrical machines,Wiley publications
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 33 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-605B FLEXIBLE AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Power Transmission control: Fundamental of alternating current (AC) power transmission,
transmission problems and needs, the emergence of Flexible Alternating Current Transmission
Systems (FACTS), FACTS controller and consideration. Uncompensated transmission lines and
compensated transmission lines.
Shunt Compensation: Principle, configuration, control and applications of Shunt Static Var
Compensator (SVC) and Static Synchronous compensator (STATCOM).
Series Compensation: Fundamental of series compensation, principle of operation, Application of
Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) for different problems of power system, TCSC
layout, Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC): principle of operation.
Phase Shifter: Principle of operation, steady state model of static phase shifter (SPS), operating
characteristics of SPS, power current configuration of SPS application.
Unified Power Flow Controllers (UPFC): Basic operating principles and characteristics, control
UPFC installation applications, UPFC model for power flow studies.
Reactive Power Control: Introduction, reactive power requirements in steady state, sources of
reactive power, static var systems, reactive power control during transients. Harmonics and filters:
Introduction, generation of harmonics, design of AC filters, DC filters, carrier frequency and RI
noise.
Transmission line steady State Operation: Lossless Transmission lines, Maximum Power Flow,
Line loadability, reactive compensation techniques. Congestion management on transmission lines
using FACT devices.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
5.
6.
Ghosh,A. and Ledwich,G., Power Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power Devices, Kluwer
Academic Publishers (2005).
Hingorani, N.G. and Gyragyi,L., Understanding FACTS :Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC
Transmission System, Standard Publishers and Distributors (2005).
Sang, Y.H. and John, A.T., Flexible AC Transmission Systems, IEEE Press (2006).
K.R. Padiyar, FACTS Controllers in Power Transmission and Distribution, New Age International
Publisher, 2007.
Miller T.J.E., Reactive Power Control in Electric Systems, John Wiley.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 34 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-605C INSTRUMENTATION IN POWER SYSTEM
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Measurement of electrical quantities, Active and reactive power in power plants,
Energy meters, Instrument transformers and their transient response.
Instrumentation Techniques: Telemetry, Remote Control, remote signaling and supervisory
control and data acquisition (SCADA), signal formation, conversion and transmission.
Signal Transmission Techniques: Analog pulse and digital modulation, Amplitude
modulation(AM) and Frequency modulation (FM), AM and FM Transmitter and Receiver, Phase
Modulation, Pulse modulation, Digital transmission techniques, error detection and correction.
Telemetry: Telemetry errors, DC, pulse and digital telemetry methods and systems.
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition: Function of SCADA system remote terminal unit
(RTU) details, Control center details, Communication between control centers, control center and
remote terminal unit.
Power Plant Instrumentation: Hydroelectric power plant instrumentation, Thermal power plant
instrumentation, Nuclear Power plant Instrumentation. Applications of SCADA system to Indian
Power Systems.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
Cegrell,T., Power System Control Technology, Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited(2001).`
Lindsley, D.M. , Power Plant Control and Instrumentation, IEEE Press (2000).
Jarvis, E.W., Modern Power Station Practice: Control and Instrumentation (Vol. F), British
Electricity International (1980).
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 35 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-605D BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Transducers: Strain gauge for respiratory flow transducer, piezo resistive transducer for
intracardiac catheter, thermistor as temperature sensing elements - its characteristics and
compensation for non-linearity.
Piezoelectric transducer: its equivalent circuits and impedance frequency characteristics. Its
applications as intra cardiac microphone, heart assist device and ultrasonic instruments. Variable
inductance transducer, different configuration and application for measurement of muscular tremor.
linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) and its signal processing circuitry. Magnetostrictive
and variable capacitance transducers, stretched diaphragm transducer and its
characteristics.
Measurement and recording of bioelectric signals: electrocardiogram (ECG), electromyogram
(EMG), electroencephalogram (EEG) and instruments for picking up and reproducing bioelectric
signals, specific design characteristics, sources of noise and its removal.
Measurement and recording of non-electric signal: Measurement and recording of pressure,
temperature, respiration rate, pulse rate and blood flow. Electromagnetic blood flow meter,
thermography, pH measurements, gas analysis, ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) measurement,
plethysmograph, X-Ray, tonometer and dialysis. Ultrasonics and echoencephalography radiography
imaging isotopes and nuclear medicine.
Equipment for effecting the human body: Stimulator, defibrillator, pacemaker, diathermy.
Prosthetics: Upper and lower extremity prostheses, harness control, EMG-controlled externally
powered prosthesis, basic concept of monofunctional and multifunctional devices.
Biotelemetry: Radio-telemetry of biological signal, signal source, antenna and frequency design
considerations, example of single channel FM units.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Walter Welkowitz and Sid Deutch, Biomedical Instruments, theory and design, Academic press
1976.
Guha S.K., An Introduction to Medical Electronics, Bharti Publishers, Patna.
Harry E. Thomas, Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement, Reston Publishing
Company, 1974.
Marvin D. Weisis, Biomedical Instrumentation, Chilton Book Company, 1973.
Geddes L.A., Barker L.E., Principles of Applied Medical Instrumentation, John Willey and Sons,
1968.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 36 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-605E PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Review of Communication Engineering: Introduction, amplitude modulation (AM), Frequency
modulation (FM), their side bands, comparison, sampling theorem, different pulse modulation
techniques- Pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM), Pulse width modulation (PWM), Pulse-position
modulation (PPM) and Pulse-code modulation (PCM), frequency-division multiplexing (FDM),
Time division multiplexing (TDM). Introduction to Fourier series and Fourier transform of periodic
signals. Transfer functions and properties of practically realizable filters.
Radio Transmitters: Block diagram explanation of low and high level amplitude modulation (AM)
transmitter, amplitude modulation broadcast transmitter, double sideband (DSB) transmitter, single
sideband (SSB) transmitter and Independent sideband transmitter, block diagram and explanation of
reactance tube and Armstrong Frequency modulation (FM) transmitters, Stereophonic FM
broadcast transmitter.
Radio Receiver: Amplitude modulation diode detector, characteristics of radio receiver: sensitivity,
selectivity, fidelity and image rejections, classification of radio receivers, Tuned radio frequency
(TRF) receiver and super heterodyne receiver, block diagram explanation of amplitude modulation
receiver, amplitude modulation receiver using Phase lock loop (PLL), double sideband and single
sideband receiver, Independent sideband receiver, amplitude modulation broadcast receiver, noise
in amplitude modulation systems, Frequency modulation detection, block diagram explanation of
Frequency modulation receiver and stereophonic Frequency modulation broadcast receiver, noise in
Frequency modulation systems.
Television Engineering: Principle of camera, introduction of picture tube, scanning, frame, field,
sync video signal, vestigial sideband transmission, block diagram of Television (TV) receiver and
working, Television (TV) transmitter.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Mittal G. K., Radio and TV Engineering, Khanna Publishers
Kennedy, Electronic communication system, McGraw Hill
Gulati R. R., Monochrome and colour TV, Dhanpat Rai and Sons.
Taub and Schilling, Principles of communications , McGraw Hill
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 37 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-605F MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Classification, Scale thick film, Thin film and hybrid integrated circuits, hybrid
Integrated Circuit (IC) Fabrication and component design, resistor, capacitor, and inductor, Design
and fabrication.
Monolithic Architecture: Process on silicon crystal, line growth, refining substrate slicing,
Polishing, chemical vapour deposition, thermal oxidation, photolithography, diffusion, dopant
impurities, diffusion system, ion implantation, metallization, isolation.
Monolithic Components: Bipolar IC process, Metal Oxide Silicon (MOS) IC process, Bipolar
Junction Transistor (BJT) construction, diode instruction, Field Effect Transistor (FET) and MOS
construction and resistor, capacitor, and inductor, op –amp and voltage regulator, design and
fabrication.
Large Scale Integrated (LSI) Circuits: Brief introduction to LSI circuits, realizations of inter
connection and realization of integrated elements.
Basic Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) Design: Basic MOS transistor and working, n-channel
MOS and Complementary MOS (CMOS) fabrication, thermal aspects MOS and VLSI, some
electric properties of MOS, design process, circuit component, system design and layout and
scaling of MOS circuit, some application of VLSI circuit like Programmable Logic Array (PLA).
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
Botkar K. R., Integrated Circuits Interfacing Techniques in Digital design, Khanna Publishers
Sze, VLSI Design, TMH
Gray Paul R., Analog MOS IC Circuit Design, IEEE Press.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 38 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-606 Laboratory-X (Power Electronics and Drives)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. list of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
To study principle of operation of SCR, plot V-I characteristics and study the effect of gate
triggering on turning on of SCR.
To draw V-I characteristics of an UJT and to use UJT as relaxation oscillator.
To study the effect of free-wheeling diode on power factor for single phase half-wave rectifier with
R-L load.
To plot waveforms for output voltage and current, for single phase full-wave, fully controlled
bridge rectifier, for resistive and resistive cum inductive loads.
Study of the microprocessor based firing control of a bridge converter.
To study three phase fully controlled bridge converter and plot waveforms of output voltage, for
different firing angles.
Study of Jones chopper or any chopper circuit to check the performance.
Thyristorised speed control of a D.C. Motor.
Speed Control of induction motor using thyristors.
Study of series inverter circuit and to check its performance.
Study of a single-phase cycloconverter.
To check the performance of a McMurray half-bridge inverter
Page 39 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-607 Laboratory-XI (Power System-II)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. list of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
To study the performance of a transmission line. Also compute its ABCD parameters.
Study of Characteristics of over current and earth fault protection.
To study the operating characteristics of fuse. (HRC or open type)
To find the earth resistance using three spikes
To study over current static relay.
To study the different types of faults on transmission line demostration panel/model.
To study the radial feeder performance when
a. Fed at one end
b. Fed at both ends
To study the performance of under voltage and over voltage relay.
To study the characteristics of bimetal mini circuit breakers.
To study the characteristics of Distance Relay.
To find the breakdown strength of transformer oil.
Page 40 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEC-608 Laboratory-XII (Micro controller and PLC)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. list of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Study of 8051/8031 Micro-controller kits.
Write a program to add two numbers lying at two memory locations and display the result.
Write a program for multiplication of two numbers lying at memory location and display the result.
Write a program to check a number for being ODD or EVEN and show the result on display.
Write a program to split a byte in two nibbles and show the two nibbles on display.
Write a program to arrange TEN numbers stored in memory location in ascending and descending
order.
Write a program to find a factorial of a given number.
Study of interrupt structure of 8051/8031 micro-controllers.
Write a program to show the use of INT0 and INT1.
Write a program of flashing LED connected to port 1 of the micro-controller.
Write a program to control a stepper motor in direction, speed and number of steps.
Write a program to control the speed of DC motor.
Implementation of different gates using PLC.
Implementation of DOL and star delta starter using PLC.
Implement basic logic operations, motor start and stop operation using
(i) Timers
(ii) Counters
Motor forward and reverse direction control using PLC.
Write and implement the LD control program for rack feeder.
Make a PLC based system for separating and fetching work pieces.
Make a PLC based control system for conveyor belt.
Implement a PLC based traffic light control.
Page 41 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-801 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
SYSTEM MODELLING: System modelling of synchronous machines, transformers, loads etc,
per unit system, single line diagram of electrical networks, single phase impedance diagrams.
Formulation of impedance and admittance matrices for the electrical networks.
LOAD FLOW STUDIES: Data for the load flow studies, Swing Bus, Formulation of
simultaneous equations, Iterative solutions by the Gauss-Seidal method and Newton Raphson
Method.
FAULT ANALYSIS: Transients on transmission line, short circuit of synchronous machine,
selection of circuit breakers, Algorithm for short circuit studies, Symmetrical Component
transformation, construction of sequence networks of power systems. Symmetrical Analysis of
Unsymmetrical Line-to-ground (LG), Line-to line (LL), double line to ground (LLG) faults using
symmetrical components.
POWER SYSTEM STABILITY: Steady state stability, Dynamics of a synchronous machine ,
Power angle equations , Transient stability, equal area criterion, Numerical solution of swing
equation , factors effecting transient stability.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Elgerd O.I., Electric Energy Systems Theory, Tata McGraw Hill
Nagrath I.J., Kolthari D.P., Modern Power System Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill
Stevenson W.D., Elements of Power System Analysis, McGraw Hill
Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P., Power System Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill
Arrillaga J. and Arnold C.P., Computer Analysis of Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons
Stagg Glenn W. and Ei-Abiad Ahmed H., Computer Methods in Power System Analysis, Tata
McGraw Hill
Kusic G.L., Computer Aided Power System analysis, Prentice Hall, India
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 42 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-802 HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
4
T
1
P
0
Extra High Voltage (EHV) Transmission and Corona Loss: Need for EHV Transmission. Use
of bundled conductors, corona characteristics of smooth bundled conductors with different
configurations, Corona loss. Factors affecting the corona loss. Radio interference due to corona.
Shunt and series compensation in EHV lines. Tuned power lines. Insulation Co-ordination.
High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission: Advantages, disadvantages and economics
of HVDC Transmission system. Types of Direct Current (DC) links, converter station equipment,
their characteristics.
Insulating materials for High Voltage Applications of insulating materials used in power
transformers rotating machines, circuit breakers, cables, power capacitors.
Conduction and breakdown in Gases, Liquids and Solid Dielectrics:
Solids - Intrinsic, electromechanical and thermal breakdown composite dielectrics, solid dielectrics
used in practice.
Liquids:- Conduction and breakdown in pure and commercial liquids, suspended particle theory,
cavitation and bubble theory, stressed oil volume theory, Liquids used in practice.
Gases:- Ionization process, Townsend’s current growth equations, Ist and 2nd ionization
coefficients. Townsend’s criterion for breakdown. Streamer theory of breakdown, Pashen’s law of
Gases. Gases used in practice.
Generation of High Voltages: High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC), High Voltage Alternating
Current (HVAC), Power frequency and High frequency: Impulse voltage and impulse current
Generation, Tripping and contact of Impulse Generator. Measurement of voltage and current: High
voltage direct current, Alternating current and Impulse voltage and currents.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
Bagamudre, Rakesh Das Extra High Voltage A.C. Transmission Engineering, New Age International
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Publishers.
Kimbark E.W., High Voltage Direct Current Transmission, Wiley-Interscience
Kamaraju V. and Naidu M.S., High Voltage Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Jha R.S., High Voltage Engineering, Dhanpat Rai
Kuffel, E. and Abdullah, M., High Voltage Engineering, Pergamon Press
Wadhwa C. L., High Voltage Engineering, New Age Publications.
Padiyar, K.R. HVDC Power Transmission Systems: Technology and System Interactions, New Age
International
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 43 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-803 NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
INTRODUCTION: Limitation of conventional energy sources, need and growth of alternative
energy source, basic scheme and application of direct energy conservation.
MHD GENERATORS: Basic principles, gaseous, conduction and hall effect, generator and motor
effect, different types of Magneto-Hydro-Dynamic (MHD) generator, types of MHD material,
conversion effectiveness, analysis of constant area MHD generator, practical MHD generator,
application and economic aspects.
THERMO-ELECTRIC GENERATORS: Thermoelectric effects, Seeback effect, Peltier effect,
Thomson effect, thermoelectric converters, figures of merit, properties of thermoelectric material,
brief description of the construction of thermoelectric generators, application and economic aspect.
PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT AND SOLAR ENERGY: Photovoltaic effect, different types of
photovoltaic cells, cell fabrication, characteristics of photovoltaic cells, conversion efficiency, solar
batteries, application, solar radiation analysis, solar energy in India, solar collectors, solar furnaces
and applications.
FUEL CELLS: Principle of action, Gibb's free energy, general description of fuel cells, types,
construction, operational characteristics and application.
MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES: Geothermal system, hydro-electric plants, wind power, tidal
energy, Bio-mass energy
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Gupta B. R., Generation of Electrical Energy, S. Chand.
Rai, G.D., Non Conventional Energy Sources, Khanna Publishers (2005).
Rao, S. and Parulekar, B.B., Energy Technology: Non Conventional, Renewable and Conventional,
Khanna Publishers (2005).
Wadhwa, C.L., Generation, Distribution and Utilization of Electric Energy, New Age International
(P) Limited, Publishers (2007).
Simon , Christopher A., Alternate Source of Energy, Rowman and LittleField Publishers Inc.(2007).
Venikov, V.A. and Putyain, E.V., Introduction to Energy Technology, Mir Publishers (1990).
Chakrabarti A., Soni M. L., Gupta P. V. and Bhatnagar U. S., Power System Engineering, Dhanpat
Rai and Co.
Kothari D.P., Singal K.C. and Ranjan R., Renewable Energy Sources and Emerging Technologies,
Prentice Hall (India)
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 44 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-804A POWER SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction to Power Generation Units: Characteristics and its variations,
Economic Operation of Power Systems: Fuel consumption, Characteristics of thermal unit,
Incremental fuel rate and their approximation, minimum and maximum power generation limits.
Economic Dispatch: Economic dispatch problem with and without transmission line losses, Unit
Commitment and solution methods. Hydrothermal scheduling: fixed-head and variable head, Shortterm and Long-term,
Power System Control: Power system control factors, interconnected operation, tie-line
operations, Reactive power requirements, during peak and off peak hours, Elementary ideas of load
frequency and voltage, reactive power control; block diagrams of P-f and Q-V controllers, ALFC
control, Static and Dynamic performance characteristics of automatic load frequency control
(ALFC) and automatic voltage regulator (AVR) controllers, Excitation systems.
Power System Security: Factors affecting security, Contingency analysis, Network sensitivity,
correcting the generation dispatch by using sensitivity method and linear programming.
Power flow analysis in AC/DC systems: General, modelling of DC links, solution of DC load
flow, discussion, per unit system for DC quantities, solution techniques of AC-DC power flow
equations.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Nagrath, I.J. and Kothari, D.P., Power System Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill (2007).
Stevenson W.D. and Grainger J.J., Power System Analysis, McGraw Hill (2007).
Arrillaga J. and Smith Bruce, AC-DC Power System Analysis, IEE Press
Elgerd, O.I., Electric Energy Systems Theory: An Introduction. 2nd Ed., Tata McGraw Hill, 1983.
Dhillon J.S., Kothari D.P., Power System Optimisation, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall India, 2010
Kundur P, “Power System Stability and Control”, Third Reprint, tat McGraw Hill, 2007
Murthy, P.S.R., “Power System Operation and Control”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1984.
Saadat Hadi, “Power System Analysis”, Tata McGraw Hill Edition, 2002.
Wood, A.J., and B. Wollenberg, “Power Generation, Operation and Control”, 2nd Edition, John
Wiley, NY, 1996.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 45 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-804B ENERGY AUDITING AND MANAGEMENT
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Energy Scenario: Energy needs of growing economy, Long term energy scenario, Energy pricing,
Energy sector reforms, Energy and environment: Air pollution, Climate change, Energy security,
Energy conservation and its importance, Energy strategy for the future, Energy conservation Act2001 and its features.
Energy Management and Audit: Definition, Energy audit- need, Types of energy audit, Energy
management (audit) approach-understanding energy costs, Bench marking, Energy performance,
Matching energy use to requirement, Maximizing system efficiencies, Optimizing the input energy
requirements, Fuel and energy substitution, Energy audit instruments
Material and Energy balance: Facility as an energy system, Methods for preparing process flow,
Material and energy balance diagrams.
Financial Management: Investment-need, Appraisal and criteria, Financial analysis techniquesSimple payback period, Return on investment, Net present value, Internal rate of return, Cash
flows, Risk and sensitivity analysis, Financing options, Energy performance contracts and role of
energy savings companies (ESCOs).
Electrical system: Electricity tariff, Load management and maximum demand control, Power
factor improvement, Distribution and transformer losses. Losses in induction motors, Motor
efficiency, Factors affecting motor performance, Rewinding and motor replacement issues, energy
efficient motors. Light source, Choice of lighting, Luminance requirements, and Energy
conservation avenues
Compressed air system: Types of air compressors, Compressor efficiency, efficient compressor
operation, Compressed air system components, Capacity assessment, Leakage test Factors affecting
the performance and efficiency
High Voltage Alternating Current and Refrigeration System: Vapor compression refrigeration
cycle, Refrigerants, Coefficient of performance, Capacity, Factors affecting refrigeration and air
conditioning system performance and savings opportunities, Vapor absorption refrigeration system:
Working principle, Types and comparison with vapor compression system, Saving potential, Fans,
Blowers and pumps- Types, Performance evaluation, Efficient system operation, Flow control
strategies and energy conservation opportunities.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Abbi, Y.P. and Jain, S., Handbook on Energy Audit and Environment Management, Teri Bookstore
Diwan, P., Energy Conservation, Pentagon Press (2008).
Younger, W., Handbook of Energy Audits, CRC Press (2008)
Sawhney and Maheshwari, Solar Energy and Energy Conservation, Prentice Hall (India)
Rao S. and B. B. Parulkar, Energy Technology, Khanna Publishers
Sukhatme S. P., Solar Energy, Tata McGraw Hill
David S., Hand Book of Industrial Energy Conservation, Van Nostrand Reinhold Publishing Company.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 46 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-804C DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Signals, Systems and Signal processing, Classification of Signals, Concept of
frequency in continuous time and discrete time signals.
Discrete Time Signals and Systems: Discrete time signals, Discrete time systems, Analysis of
discrete time linear time-invariant systems, Discrete time systems described by difference
equations, Implementation of discrete system, Correlation of discrete time signals.
Z-Transform: The Z-transformation, properties of Z-transformation, Rational Z-transformation,
Inversion of Z-transform, Analysis of linear time invariant systems in Zdomain.
Frequency Analysis of Signals and Systems: Frequency analysis of continuous time signals,
Frequency analysis of discrete time signals, Properties of Fourier Transform for discrete time
signals, Frequency domain characteristics of linear time invariant systems, linear invariant systems
as frequency selective filters, Inverse systems and de-convolution.
The Discrete Fourier Transform: Frequency domain sampling, Properties of Discrete Fourier
Transform (DFT), Linear filtering methods based on DFT, Frequency analysis of signals using the
DFT.
Design of Digital Filters: General considerations, Design of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters,
Design of Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filters from analog filters, Frequency transformations,
Design of digital filters based on least-square method and window method, Comparison of IIR and
FIR filters.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Oppenheim A.V. and Schafer, R.W., Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall (India)
Kuo, Sen-Maw and Gan, Woon-Seng, Digital Signal Processing architectures, Implementations, and
Applications McGraw Hill
Proakais John G., Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms, and Applications, Pearson
Education 4th Ed. (2007)
Richard G Lyons, Understanding Digital Signal Processing, Pearson Education Publications.
Mitra K. Sanjit, Digital Signal Processing, 3rd ed. Tata McGraw Hill
Hayes Mansen, Schaum's Outline of Digital Signal Processing, Tata MGraw Hill, (2001)
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 47 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-804D INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROL
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Description And Modeling of Various Industrial Processes: Model Classification, Mathematical
Models, Physical Models, Analog Models, Estimation of Model Parameters, System Identification,
Experimental Nature of Simulation, Steps Involved in Simulation Studies, Validation of Simulation
Models, Computer Simulation of Continuous and Discrete Systems, Examples
Process Control: Types and Description of Processes, Blending, batch processes, compressor and
chiller controls, distillation control, steam turbine and water treatment controls, boiler controls,
reactor controls
Conventional Controllers: On-off Controllers, Cascade and Feed forward Controllers, Split Range
Controllers, ratio controls, Single loop, multi loop and self tuning controllers, set point control
(SPC), discrete digital control (DDC)
Intelligent Controllers: Fuzzy logic control, programmable logic controllers, PC based system,
conventional and Widows-NT based distributed control system (DCS) systems, artificial
intelligence and neural networks, smart and intelligent transmitters.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Padmanabhan, Tattamangalam R, Industrial Process Instrumentation and control Springer
Publishing
Andrew W.G. and Williams H.B., Applied Instrumentation in the Process Industries, Gulf
Publishing,Houston
Nolting B.E., Instrumentation Reference Book, Elsevier India Pvt, New Delhi
Liptak B.G., Instrument Engineer’s Handbook (Process Control), Elsevier India Pvt ,New Delhi.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 48 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-804E NETWORKS AND DATA COMMUNICATION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Basic Concepts of analog and digital signals, data transmission concepts, Analog and
digital transmission, transmission impairments
Transmission Media: Guided and Un-guided media, Performance, Shannon Capacity, Media
Computerization
Encoding and Modulating: Digital–to-Digital conversion, Analog and digital conversion, Digital
to Analog conversion, Analog to Analog conversion
Digital Data Communication: Digital data transmission, Data terminal equipment (DTE) - data
circuit-terminating equipment (DCE) Interface, Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)-449, EIA- 530,
X.21 (Communication standard), Modems, Cable Modems
Multiplexing And Switching: Frequency-division multiplexing (FDM), wavelength-division
multiplexing (WDM), Time-division Multiplexing (TDM) application- telephone systems, Digital
subscriber line (DSL), Par Circuit switching , Packet Switching and Message switching virtual
circuits
Spread Spectrum: Concept, Frequency hoping spread spectrum, direct sequence spread spectrum,
code division Multiple Access
Error Detection and Correction: Types of Errors, Detection, Vertical Redundancy Check (VRC),
longitudinal redundancy check (LRC), cyclic redundancy check (CRC), Checksum, Error
Correction
Protocol Architecture: Protocols, Standards, OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model, TCP
(Transmission Control Protocol)/ IP (Internet Protocol) Protocol Architecture
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ulylers D Balck, Data Communication and Distributed Networks, Prentice Hall (India)
Andrew S. Teanebaum, Computer Networks, Prentice Hall (India)
William Stallings, Data and Computer Communication, Pearson Education
Behrouz A Ferouzan Data Communications and Networking, Tata McGraw Hill.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 49 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-804F DATA MINING AND PATTERN RECOGNITION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Data Mining: What is data mining, on what kind of data, Data Mining Functionalities
Data Warehouse: Difference Between operational database systems and data warehouses, A
multidimensional data model, Data Warehouse architecture, data warehouse architecture, Data
Warehouse implementation.
Data preprocessing: Data cleaning, data integration and transformation, data reduction.
Data Mining Query Language: Characterization and Comparison, Generalization, Mining
association rules in large databases, constraint based association Mining Classification and
prediction Classification by decision Tree Induction, Bayesian classification, classification by Back
propagation Cluster analysis Partitioning Methods, Hierarchical methods, and Density and Grid
based methods, Mining complex types of data, applications and trends in data mining, Social
impacts of data mining.
Pattern recognition: Its importance and applications, applications in Bioinformatics, recognizing
important bio-informatics sequences, other applications of pattern discovery.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:.
1.
2.
Pal. Sankar K. and Mitra P., Pattern Recognition Algorithms for Data Mining, Chapman and
Hall/CRC
Elden L. Matrix Methods in Data Mining and Pattern Recognition. SIAM, 2007.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 50 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-805A POWER QUALITY MONITORING AND CONDITIONING
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Overview and definition of power quality (PQ): Sources of pollution, and regulations, Power
quality problems rapid voltage fluctuations voltage unbalance, Voltage dips and voltage swells,
Short duration outages,
Definitions Voltage sag analysis and mitigation: Sag caused by motor starting, Sag caused by
utility fault clearing, Sag mitigation, Sag magnitude and duration calculations in single-phase
systems, Equipment performance in presence of sag, Computers, Alternating current (AC) and
direct current (DC) drives.
Harmonics: Effects-within the power system, Interference with communication Harmonic
measurements. Harmonic elimination.
Harmonic distortion: Power system harmonics: harmonic analysis, Harmonic sources-the static
converters, Transformer magnetization and non-linearities, Rotating machines, arc furnaces,
Fluorescent lighting. Introduction to power converters, Fourier analysis, Total harmonic distortion,
rms and average value calculations, Arcing and saturable devices, Effects of harmonic distortion,
System response characteristics.
Principles for controlling harmonics: Locating sources of harmonics, Passive and active filters,
Harmonic filter design.
Monitoring power quality: Monitoring essentials, Power quality measuring equipment, Current
industry trends.
Power Conditioning: Electric power conditioning, Active and passive filters, IEEE, IEC, ANSI
standards, Power Acceptability Curves, Various standards
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Beaty, H. and Santoso,S., Electrical Power System Quality
Kennedy, B., Power Quality Primer, McGraw Hill (2000).
Bollen, M.H.J., Power Quality Problems: Voltage Sag and Interruptions, IEEE Press (2007).
Mohan, N., Power Electronics, New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers (2007).
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 51 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-805B HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT TRANSMISSION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Direct Current (DC) power transmission technology: Introduction, comparison of Alternating
Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) transmission, application of DC transmission, application of
DC transmission, description of DC transmission system, Configurations, planning for High
Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission, modern trends in DC transmission. Introduction to
Device: Thyristor valve, valve tests, recent trends.
Analysis of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) converters: Pulse number, choice of
converter configuration, simplified analysis of Graetz circuit, converter bridge characteristics,
characteristics of a twelve-pulse converter, detailed analysis of converters with and without overlap.
Converter and HVDC system control: General, principles of DC link control, converter control
characteristics, system control hierarchy, firing angle control, current and extinction angle control,
starting and stopping of DC link, power control, higher level controllers, telecommunication
requirements.
Converter faults and protection: Introduction, converter faults, protection against over-currents,
over-voltages in a converter station, surge arresters, protection against over-voltages.
Smoothing reactor and DC line: Introduction, smoothing reactors, DC line, transient over
voltages in DC line, protection of DC line, DC breakers, Monopolar operation, effects of proximity
of AC and DC transmission lines.
Component models for the analysis of AC/DC systems: General, converter model, converter
control, modelling of DC network, modelling of AC networks.
RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Bagamudre, Rakesh Das Extra High Voltage A.C. Transmission Engineering, New Age International
Publishers.
Kimbark E.W., High Voltage DC Transmission, Wiley-Interscience
Kamaraju V. and Naidu M.S., High Voltage Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Education
Jha R.S., High Voltage Engineering, Dhanpat Rai
Kuffel, E. and Abdullah, M. High Voltage Engineering, Pergamon Press
Wadhwa C. L., High Voltage Engineering, New Age Publications.
Padiyar, K.R. HVDC Power Transmission Systems: Technology and System Interactions, New Age
International
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 52 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-805C VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Virtual Instrumentation - Definition, flexibility, Block diagram and Architecture of
Virtual Instruments, Virtual Instruments versus Traditional Instruments, Review of LABVIEW
software in virtual Instrumentation and programming techniques.
Data Acquisition In Virtual Instrumentation: Analog-to-Digital, Digital-to-Analog converters,
plug-in Analog input/output cards, Digital Input/ Output cards, Organization of the Data acquisition
(DAQ)-VI system, Opto-isolation, Performing analog input and analog output, Scanning multiple
analog channels, Issues involved in selection of data acquisition cards, Data acquisition modules
with serial communication.
Communication Networked Modules: Introduction to Personal Computer (PC) Busses, Local
busses: Industry Standard Architecture (ISA), Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI), RS232,
RS422, RS485, Interface Busses, Universal Serial Bus (USB), Personal Computer Memory Card
International Association (PCMCIA), Virtualization eXperience Infrastructure (VXI), Signal
Conditioning eXtensions for Instrumentation (SCXI), PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXI).
Instrumentation Buses: Modbus, General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB) Networked busses, ISO
(International Organization for Standardization)/OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) Reference
model, Ethernet TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)/ IP (Internet Protocol) protocols.
Real Time Control in Virtual Instrumentation and Applications: Design of ON/OFF controller,
simulation of industrial instruments and systems, Virtual Instrumentation functions and objects
including signal processing and analysis. Typical instruments and systems -digital storage
oscilloscope, spectrum analyzer, waveform generator, Data visualization from multiple locations;
Distributed monitoring and control devices.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Wells L. K. and Travis J., Labview for everyone, Prentice Hall
Gupta S. and Gupta J.P., PC interfacing for data acquisition and process control, ISA
Rahman Jamal and Herbert Picklik, Labview — Applications and solutions, National Instruments
Release
Gary Jhonson, Labview Graphical programming, McGraw Hill
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 53 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-805D ENERGY EFFICIENT MACHINES
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
INTRODUCTION: Need for energy efficient machines, energy cost and two part tariff, energy
conservation in industries and farms -a necessity, introduction to energy management and energy
audit system. Review of induction motor characteristics.
ENERGY EFFICIENT MOTORS: Standard motor efficiency, why more efficient motors? An
energy efficient motor, efficiency determination methods, Direct Measurement method, Loss
segregation method, Comparison, motor efficiency labelling, energy efficient motor standards.
Motor life cycle
POWER FACTOR: The power factor in sinusoidal systems, power factor improvement, power
factor with nonlinear loads, Harmonics and the power factor
INDUCTION MOTORS AND ADJUSTABLE DRIVE SYSTEMS: Energy Conservation,
adjustable speed systems, Application of adjustable speed systems to fans, pumps and constant
torque loads.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
Andreas John C., Energy efficient electric motors, Marcel Dekker Inc. 1992.
2.
Thuman Albert, Introduction to Efficient Electric System Design, The Fairmount Press Prentice Hall.
3.
Tripathi S.C. , Electric Energy Utilization and Conservation, Tata McGraw-Hill 1991.
4.
Belove Charles, Handbook of Modem Electronics and Electrical Engineering, John Wiley & Sons.
Page 54 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-805E EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Review of Embedded Hardware: Terminology, Gates, Timing Diagram, Memory,
Microprocessor Buses, Direct Memory Access, Interrupts, Built instructions on the Microprocessor.
Conventions used on Schematic, Interrupts, Microprocessor Architecture, Interrupt Basic, Shared
Data Problem,Interrupt Latency.
PIC Micro controller and Interfacing: Introduction, CPU Architecture, Registers, Instruction
Sets, Addressing Modes, Programs, Interfacing Methods, Parallel I/O Interface, Parallel Port
Interface, Memory Interfacing, High Speed I/O Interfacing, Interrupt, Interrupt Service Routine,
features of Interrupts, Interrupt vector and Priority, Timing Generation and Measurements, Input
Capture, Output Compare, Frequency Measurement, Serial I/O Device RS232, RS845, Analog
Interfacing, Applications.
Software Development and Tools: Embedded System Evolution Trends, Round – Robin, Robin
with Interrupts, Function Scheduling architecture, Algorithms, Introduction to assembler, Compiler
and Cross compilers and Integrated Development Environment (IDE), Object Oriented Interfacing,
Recursion, Debugging Strategies, Simulators.
Real Time Operating Systems (RTOS): Task And Task States, Tasks and Data, Semaphores and
shared data, operating system services, Message queues, Timer Function, Events, Memory
Management, Interrupt Routines in an RTOS Environment, Basic Design Using RTOS.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
3.
Gajski D.D., Vahid F., Gong J., Narayan S., Specification and Design of Embedded Systems,
Prentice Hall.
Steve Heath, Newnes Embedded systems Design, Prentice Hall.
Balarin F., Chiodo, Hardware Software Co-design of Embedded Systems, Academic Publishers.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 55 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-805F VISUAL PROGRAMMING
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
40
60
100
L
3
T
1
P
0
Introduction: Visual programming basics, Application framework fundamental, windows
programming (Win32 programming), and Visual C++.memory management, Dynamic-link library
(DLLs),Win32, Application programming interface (API).
Visual C++ components: Resource compiler, Microsoft Foundation Classes (MFC), modal Dialog,
Windows Common Control, the Modeless Dialog and Windows Common Dialogs, ActiveX
Control, Bitmap, Reading and Writing Documents, Serial digital interface (SDI), multiple
document interface (MDI) applications.
Socket Programming using Win Sock, TCP/IP (TCP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol), Document-View Structure, Microsoft Foundation Class (MFC) Libraries viz Cview,
Cfile, Cpoint, Cdialog.
WIN32 Programming: WIN32 programming, Difference between a Windows program and a
typical DOS program, Windows Programming modal, Windows Memory management, A skeletal
Windows Application: WinMain function, Window Function, Componants of a Skeletal
Application, Windows style, Device context, Creation of LISTBOX class, Dialog Boxes and
SCROLLBAR class.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED:
1.
2.
David J. Kruglenski VISUAL C++ programming, Microsoft Press
Newcomer, Addison, WIN32 Programming, Wesley
3.
Petzold , Charles, Programming Windows 3.1, Microsoft press.
Note: External question paper shall be set following guidelines to paper setter given at Page 61.
Page 56 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-806 Laboratory-XIII (Power System Analysis)
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
30
20
50
L
0
T
0
P
2
Note: Atleast TEN experiments are to be performed in a semester. List of experiments is given below:
List of Experiments:
1.
Design of transmission systems for given power and distance.
2.
Short circuit calculations and calculations of circuit breaker ratings for a power system
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
network.
Design of substations
Design of distribution systems
Y-bus formation
Z-bus formulation
Load flow analysis by Gauss Seidal method
Load flow analysis by Newto Raphson method
Fault analysis for line-to-line (L-L), Line-to-Ground (L-G) etc
Design of underground cabling system for substation.
To obtain power system stability on High Voltage Alternating current (HVAC) system with
the help of Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices.
Optimal Capacitor placement on a system having variable reactive power and low voltage
profile.
To obtain relay co-ordination on a power system.
To obtain optimal generator pricing on hydro-thermal and renewable energy systems.
To find synchronous reactances (Transient, sub-transient) during fault analysis.
Page 57 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-807 PROJECT WORK
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
60
40
100
L
0
T
0
P
6
Design, Fabrication, Simulation, Evaluation, Testing etc. related to Electrical Engineering is to be carried out
under the supervision of guide(s).
Page 58 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-808 SEMINAR
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
100
L
0
T
0
P
2
100
Students will be required to prepare a report on a given topic related to latest developments in
electrical engineering and deliver a seminar on that topic along with seminar report.
Page 59 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
BTEE-701 SOFTWARE TRAINING
Internal Marks:
External Marks:
Total Marks:
150
100
200
L
0
T
0
P
2
Students will be provided training on any of three of the programming language/ application softwares. All
the applications shall be related to the Electrical components and systems.





Any high level procedure oriented or object oriented programming language. Such language
should be covered under regular or elective subject(s).
MatLab
LabView
PSpice
PSCAD
Students will undertake one project related to the Electrical components and systems based on the software
training imparted during the semester in a group of three students. The entire group will select different
projects. Students will be required to prepare a report on the Project undertaken and deliver a seminar on the
project undertaken. The students will be evaluated based on Project undertaken, project report, seminar and
viva-voce examination.
Page 60 of 61
Punjab Technical University
B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
GUIDELINES TO PAPER SETTERS
1. The question paper shall have three sections:
Section A of 20 marks
Section B of 20 marks
Section C of 20 marks.
2. Section A is compulsory shall contain only ONE question with TEN sub-question carrying
two marks each distributed from the entire syllabus. These questions shall be of conceptual
nature and of short answer type to test the basic grasp of the subject matter by the students.
3. Section B shall contain FIVE questions and students shall be asked to answer any FOUR
questions. Each question will carry five marks. These questions are to be set from different
parts of syllabus with not more than one question from one part.
4. Section C shall contain THREE questions students shall be asked to answer any TWO
questions. Each question shall carry ten marks. These questions are to be set from those
parts of syllabus, which are not covered in Section B and restricted to not more than one
question from each part.
5. At least 40% of the question should be numerical wherever applicable.
6. The paper setter shall provide detailed marking instructions and solution to numerical
problems for evaluation purpose in the separate envelopes provided for solution.
7. The two different question papers should not contain more than 15% same/similar
questions.
Page 61 of 61
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