Founded in 1993, the Millimeter Wave Division of

Founded in 1993, the Millimeter Wave Division of
Founded in 1993, the Millimeter Wave Division of
ELVA-1 is a design and manufacturing company located in
St. Petersburg, Russia. ELVA-1`s headquarters are in Riga,
Latvia. ELVA-1 Millimeter Wave Division currently
employs more than 30 people in St. Petersburg facility. The
Division is registered in Russia.
For the last 10 years, the Millimeter Wave Division
has been engaged in development and production of
scientific test and measurement equipment, industrial
radars and radar front-ends, millimeter wave level sensors
and wireless communication equipment operating in the
millimeter and sub-millimeter wave frequency bands.
We maintain cooperative relationships with a variety of specialized
manufacturing facilities within the former Soviet Union, each of whom
possesses unique component technology. Our division combines this
technology with our own to develop commercial products for customers
around the world.
ELVA-1 Millimeter Wave Division supplies high quality millimeter
and sub-millimeter wave components, subsystems and laboratory equipment
that operate at frequencies from 16 GHz to 1800 GHz.
ELVA-1 Millimeter Wave Division also serves the global millimeter wave
market as an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) component supplier.
Many of the millimeter wave industry`s leading companies use our OEM
components to bring quality and cost effective product solutions to their
customers worldwide. We produce large quantities of state-of-the-art
millimeter wave components and equipment for businesses specializing in
industry automation solutions.
Our customer list includes global leaders in science and research such
as: JET (UK) - largest tokamak in the world, General Atomics (USA),
National Institute of Standard and Technology (USA), TRW (USA), FOM
Institute (The Netherlands), University of Kiel (Germany), Centre D'Etudes
de Cadarache (France), Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics (Taiwan),
South-West Institute of Physics (China), Siemens, CERN - Accelerator in
Switzerland, Max Planck Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Australian National
University, Cornell University (USA), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
(UK). This list contains to grow each year.
Since year 2001 the company aggressively expanded its product range to
include millimeter wave telecommunication products such as 40.5-43.5GHz, 7176/81-86GHz and 92-95GHz transmitters and receivers, high gain parabolic
antennas and related telecommunications products. Applications for these products
include 1250/350/100Mbps Ethernet wireless LAN bridges, MVDS outdoor units
(transmitters and receivers), and LMDS communication systems.
For more information about our product lines, please visit the company website at www.elva-1.com
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
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5
6
Millimeter Wave Broadband BWO Sources 37-170 GHz
Phase Locked BWO Source SGMW-PLL series 37-170 GHz
Sub-millimeter Wave Broadband BWO Sources 180-1110 GHz
IMPATT Active Frequency Multipliers 26-180 GHz
Cavity Stabilized IMPATT Millimeter Wave Oscillators 26-150 GHz
High Performance Fixed IMPATT Oscillators 26-180 GHz
Voltage Controlled IMPATT Oscillators 26-180 GHz
High Power Voltage Controlled Oscillators
High Power Pulsed IMPATT Oscillators
Custom-Designed Solutions IMPATT Oscillators
8
10
12
13
14
17
18
IMPATT Injection-Locked Amplifier
Broadband Frequency Multipliers/VCOs
19
21
Precision Calibrated CW Solid State Noise Sources
High Power Pulsed Noise Sources
23
26
Broadband Balanced Mixers, Receivers, Down Convertors
Zero-Biased Detectors
Solid-State Electrical Controlled Attenuators up to 170 GHz
Drivers for Attenuators VCVA Series
Fast SPST Switches up to 150 GHz
28
31
33
35
36
Straight Waveguides, Bends, Twists, Transitions/Adapters
Waveguide Direction Couplers
Circulators/Isolators
Matched/Cryogenic Loads, Tunable Shorts
37
38
40
43
Cassegrain Antennas for OEM Market 26.5-140 GHz
Standard Gain Lens Horns up to 220 GHz
Custom Design Horns up to 400 GHz
44
48
49
Mm-Wave High Sensitive Power Meters
Real Time Mm-Wave Frequency Analyzers up to 180 GHz
GPS locked Mm-Wave Frequency Meter up to 170 GHz
50
52
53
Industrial Distance Meter FMCW 94/10/x at 94 GHz
FMCW Radar Front-end FMCW 10/94/200/10 at 94 GHz
Doppler Radar Front-end Modules at 24 GHz and 94 GHz
Pulsed Noise Radar Front-end Module at 94 GHz
55
57
59
60
PPC-1000 Series 1.25Gbps Gigabit Ethernet Mm-Wave Link
PPC-350 Series 350Mbps Ethernet Mm-Wave Link
Mm-Wave TV/IP Broadcasting System (City1)
61
63
65
High Sensitive Mm-wave Radiometers for Plasma Diagnostics
Interferometers and Reflectometers for Plasma Diagnostics up to 170 GHz
Mm-Bridges for EPR Spectrometers
69
70
71
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
37-170 GHz in 7 bands
Frequency accuracy 0.01%
Full waveguide sweep in all bands
Fully packaged and automated
Program from front panel or GPIB bus
Remote controlled, phase lockable
Bias tuneable for AFC
High output power
Instrumentation automated subsystems
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Source for Network Analysers, Plasma diagnostics and spectrometry
Sweeping Heterodyne Receivers, frequency and spectrum analysis for gyrotrons
G4-143x series
SGMW-x series
The G4-143x series is fully packaged
sweeper source. The microcomputer is integrated
into the device provides total control of the
system. The sweeper self-tests at turn-on. Two
independent DAC’s control frequency and output
power. Minimal built-in full band sweep time is
10ms. User from front panel or GPIB bus
controls power, initial and final frequency, time
of sweep, internal amplitude modulation.
Various programs of power and frequency change
are provided including 10 user-defined programs.
There are two inputs for external frequency and
power control. The rugged High Voltage power
supply is specially designed to withstand the
rapid voltage changes inherent in BWO
deceleration.
Each generator is individually calibrated
for output power versus frequency, with different
power levels and frequency versus control
voltage relationships.
The SGMW-X series is fully packaged
sweeper source. The sweeper consists of external
module with BWO-X series and power supply.
There are all the electronic circuitry and power
supplies required to provide the operation of BWO.
The sweeper self-tests at turn-on. BWO tube is
fully protected against improper voltage
connections. There are two inputs for external
frequency and power control. Phase locking
possibility is provided. Minimal built-in full band
sweep time is 10ms.
One power supply can be used with
different BWO. Particularly, the remote module
with BWO tube allows using it at hard-to-reach
places and can be installed quite away, somewhere
near a scientist’s work desk. Another great
advantage of this series of BWO sweepers is its
power supply unit, that allows feed up to few BWO
tubes even with different working frequencies.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
G4-143x
BWO modules for SGMW
Frequency Range, GHz
Output waveguide type
Waveguide Flange
Minimum CW power, mW
Typical peak power, mW
G4-143a
BWO-Q
37-54
WR22
G4-143b
BWO-U
40-60
WR19
G4-143c
BWO-V
50-75
WR15
G4-143d
BWO-E
60-90
WR12
G4-143e
BWO-W
75-110
WR10
G4-143f
BWO-F
90-140
WR8
G4-143g
BWO-D
110-170
WR6
UG-383/U
UG-383/U-M
UG-385/U
UG-387/U
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
50
150
100
200
25
80
25
80
25
90
35
110
25
80
Frequency accuracy in the CW mode, %
Built-in Sweep Time, ms
Maximum CW frequency stability for 15 min
Residual FM max
Output power regulation range, dB
Output VSWR
Internal square-wave modulation frequencies, kHz
External square-wave modulation frequencies, kHz
Voltage for External Frequency Control, VDC
Voltage for External Power Control, VDC
Operating temperature range, C°
AC Input Voltages:
Consumed power, VA
Size of G4-143x, mm
Size Power Supply SGMW, mm
Weight Power Supply SGMW, kg
Size BWO module for SGMW, mm
Weight BWO module for SGMW, kg
Length of connection cable for SGMW, m
±0.01
10*
±2x10-4
±2x10-5
0-10…20**
1.5
1-100
1-100
0…+10
0…+10
+5…+40
220 V, 50 Hz (110V/60Hz*)
400
495 x 180 x 480
490 x 240 x 270
25
150 x 180 x 200
4
1…2 (specify in order)
* Full one band sweep time: less then 200 microseconds with external frequency control
** Uncontrolled (not specified) parameter
Specify Model Number SGMW-X-A, where
- X - type of BWO tubes
W - power supply with BWO-W, WD - power supply with BWO-W and BWO-D,
- A - length of cable in meters.
To order BWO sweeper meets the following specification: operation frequency 75-110 and 110-170 GHz
1.5m connection cable, should be ordered as SGMW -WD-1.5
Typical Data.
W-band BWO Output Pow er vs Frequency
D-band BWO Output Pow er vs Frequency
80
80
Pout, mW
100
60
40
20
0
60
40
20
175
170
165
160
Frequency, GHz
155
150
145
140
135
130
125
120
115
110
Frequency, GHz
105
0
74
76
78
80
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
100
102
104
106
108
110
112
Pout, mW
100
• 37-170 GHz in 7 bands
• Quartz Frequency accuracy and stability
• Full waveguide sweep in all bands
•
•
•
•
• Program from front panel or GPIB bus
• Remote controlled, phase lockable
• High output power
Instrumentation automated subsystems
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Source for Vector Analysers
Antenna design and measurement
Phase lockable SGMW-PLL series is based on standard SGMW series. External PLL circuit with
reference synthesizer 12-19GHz allow to get full waveguide tunable synthesizer with high output power.
Block diagram of SGMW-PLL system is presented below:
Power
Supply
BWO
Module
PLL Output
Direction
Coupler
RF in
300 MHz
PLL
Internal
Reference
300 MHz
fout = F1xN + 300 MHz
Harmonic Mixer xN
LO
Input
Reference synthesizer
F1 = 12-19 GHz
Reference 10 MHz
Figure 1. Block-scheme of SGMW-PLL unit set up.
BWO modules for SGMW
Frequency Range, GHz
Output waveguide type
Waveguide Flange
Minimum CW power, mW
Typical peak power, mW
BWO-Q
37-54
WR22
BWO-U
40-60
WR19
BWO-V
50-75
WR15
BWO-E
60-90
WR12
BWO-W
75-110
WR10
BWO-F
90-140
WR8
BWO-D
110-170
WR6
UG-383/U
UG-383/U-M
UG-385/U
UG-387/U
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
45
135
85
170
20
70
20
70
20
80
30
90
22
70
Specify Model Number SGMW-PLL-X-A, where
- X - type of BWO tubes
W - power supply with BWO-W, WD - power supply with BWO-W and BWO-D,
- A - length of cable in meters.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• 180-1110 GHz in 7 bands
• Full waveguide sweep in all bands
• Fast sweep possibility, 200 μs typical
•
•
•
•
•
•
• Fully packaged and automated
• Remote controlled, phase lockable
• High output power
Instrumentation automated subsystems
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Source for Network Analysers,
Plasma diagnostics and spectrometry
Sweeping Heterodyne Receivers,
frequency and spectrum analysis for gyrotrons
ELVA-1 series SMW-XX is fully packaged sweeper. It consists of BWO OB-XX series,
permanent, tube alignment mechanical system and power supply. Optionally fully closed water cooling
system would be supplied. On the photo power supply with BWO tube is shown installed in the
permanent magnet 0.8T. The device contains all the electronic circuitry and power supplies required to
provide the operation of BWO. BWO tube is fully protected against mistake of all operation voltage
applications. Water flow alarm system provides trouble-free operation. High voltage monitor is built-in.
There is input for control of frequency by means of an external voltage. Phase locking possibility is
provided.
We supply each device with a personal calibration for output power and frequency. Typical
dependencies are presented on the plot below for SMW-24 and SMW-81 models:
SMW-81, Typical Output Pow er vs Frequency
SMW-24, Typical Output Pow er vs Frequency
3,5
120
3
Pout, mW
Pout, mW
100
80
60
40
2,5
2
1,5
1
0,5
20
870
860
850
840
830
820
810
800
790
780
770
760
750
740
730
720
710
700
690
680
670
660
270
265
260
255
250
245
240
235
230
225
220
215
210
205
200
195
190
185
180
175
170
650
0
0
Frequency, GHz
Frequency, GHz
The results presented above are obtained under the contract with JET (Joint European Torus, the largest
tokamak in the world).
Model
BWO tube model
Operating range, GHz
Output power, typ, mW
Power difference in the range, max,
dB
SMW-24
OB-24
179-263
20-50
SMW-30
OB-30
258-375
10-20
SMW-32
OB-32
370-535
4-10
SMW-80
OB-80
526-714
4-6
SMW-81
OB-81
667-857
2-5
SMW-82
OB-82
789-968
1-3
SMW-83
OB-83
882-1111
1-2
13
13
10
10
10
6
6
* Minimal output power depends on the used tube and can be different for various tubes of the same
model.
US Sales Office: Gilland Electronics
Tel: 408-778-9049
e-mail: [email protected]
±0.01
10-4
1
±5x10-5
0.2 - 0.5*
5-40
220 VAC, 50 Hz or 110 VAC, 60 Hz
600
Frequency accuracy in the CW mode, %
Frequency stability for 15 min**
AM stability**, max, %
Residual FM, max
Sweep time, min, ms
Operating temperature range, C°
AC Input Voltages:
Consumed power, VA
Size, mm
permanent magnet with BWO
power supply
Weight total, kg
300x250x300
495x380x480
45
* Optionally
** Stability is presented for the scheme with a permanent magnet.
Controller for PC microcomputer and software are available upon request.
Phase locked version upon request.
Power supply Specifications.
High voltage output:
Output Voltage range
-1000 V to -6000 V
Maximum current
59 mA
Long term voltage stability
10-5
Ripples and noise
< 10 mV
Discretization when setting the voltage
10 mV
Uncertainty of the output voltage measurement
< 0.002%
Overload protection response time
< 30 µs
External Analog signal for output voltage control:
0 to +10 V
High voltage monitor
0 …+10 V
Both the voltage and the current are displayed on LCD
Voltage adjustment: direct keyboard entry or pseudo-Analog rotary adjustment
Operational modes: fixed output voltage and sweeping output voltage
IEEE488 interface
Cathode heater current output:
Current control range
Maximum voltage
Long term current stability
Ripples and noise
Discretization when setting up the voltage
Uncertainty of the output current measurement
Overload protection response time
Both the voltage and the current are displayed on LCD.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
0 to 2 A
7V
5×10-3
< 2 mA
10 mV
0.5%
< 20 ms
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• Multiplication factor up to 25
• High efficiency
• High power output levels
•
•
•
•
•
• Low spurious harmonic content
• Fast switching
• Low phase and AM noise
Power sources
Electronic tuned power sources
Millimeter wave frequency synthesizers
Spectroscopy/Radiometry
Digital Radio
ELVA–1 series IMPATT Active Frequency Multipliers IAFM are really unique devices providing
an outstanding performance in terms of high efficiency and high output power. Available in
multiplication factor up to 25 in one device they cover the output frequency range of 20 to 180 GHz using
centimeter-wave range source. They are capable of handing very high input power without damage.
Different IAFM’s would operate with the same centimeter-wave range pumping source. For example, on
the picture above you can see the pumping source (20mW, 7.2775 GHz) and three different multipliers:
IAFM-28 (5th harmonic, 36.3875 GHz), IAFM-15 (8th harmonic, 58.2200 GHz) and IAFM-10 (13th
harmonic, 94.6075 GHz). The phase and amplitude stability of the output signal defined by the quality of
the pumping source. It is possible to achieve Hz resolution on 150 GHz using state-of-the-art synthesized
cm-wave source. The frequency multipliers are designed as a module, that consists of centimeter-wave
high power preamplifier, a multiplier itself, band-pass filter and isolator. Current stabilizer included for
reliable, trouble-free operation. The band-pass filter rejects the side band noise of the source on about
-50 dB. That allows to use the device as low noise solid state LO, if intermediate frequency is higher then
the frequency of rejection. The input of multiplier is a coaxial connector, and the output is a waveguide
flange.
IAFM -28 IAFM -22 IAFM -19 IAFM -15 IAFM -12 IAFM -10 IAFM -08 IAFM -06
Model Number
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
Frequency Band
26.5-40
33-50
40-60
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140
110-180
Frequency Range, GHz*
150
150
120
100
50
30-50
15-30
10-20
Maximum Power Output**
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
Input signal power, mW
5-8
6-10
7-10
8-13
10-15
14-18
18-24
19-25
Multiplication factor
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.2
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
DC Power, V/A
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
+50/0.15 +45/0.15 +45/0.15 +35/0.15
+35/0.2
+27/0.2
+24/0.2
+24/0.26
* Operation bandwidth 3-5%. Upon request 10% version is available.
** Values are presented for the middle frequency of the frequency band.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Output power flatness within the 1% band width (max)
Rejection of adjacent harmonics (min)
VSWR
AM noise inserted (max)
1.5 dB
40 dB
1:1.3
-130 dB/Hz (white noise)
There is no additional noise produced by IAFM-XX in comparing with passive multipliers. It can
be estimated using the formula: Noise of pumping source +20Lg(N) dB/Hz. For example, if 7 GHz
pumping source has -120dB/Hz on 10 kHz offset from the carrier, after frequency multiplication on a
factor of 20 the noise of 140 GHz source on 10 kHz offset will be -120dB/Hz+20Lg(20) = -94 dB/Hz.
Series IAFM-XX are designed for high reliability and applications in hard environments. The
operating temperature range: minus 50 to plus 70 °C and life time is equal to 50000 hours. Each model
may be produced with the possibility of the fast output power switching. 1 ns time of on/off switching is
allowed.
Optionally the following items would be supplied to meet customer requirements:
• Complete very stable solid state millimeter wave source, that consists of the following:
Transistor oscillator stabilised by the dielectric resonator (DRO). 6-8 GHz, 10 mW output, 10-6
frequency stability. The stability would be increased upon request using a temperature stabilization
scheme.
Accuracy of frequency adjustment is about 5-50 MHz. The adjustment is provided on the factory
according to customer requirements.
• Millimeter wave sweeper on the base of Varactor Controlled Oscillator (6-8 GHz, 10 mW).
Other elements of the scheme are the same as above. Typical bandwidth is 0.5-1%.
• The frequency bandwidth would be also increased upon request. The limit is the distance
between nearest harmonics, so it is impossible to provide the bandwidth more than the pumping
frequency. The real bandwidth would be about 50-80% of the initial (pumping) frequency.
• IMPATT Injection-Locked Amplifiers IILA series to increase the output power.
• Phase or amplitude modulator on the base of fast P-I-N switch FPS series.
• Amplitude regulator on the base of Voltage Controlled Attenuator VCVA series.
• Power supply for AC Input Voltages 110 V, 60Hz; 220 V, 50 Hz.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
• Low phase noises
• Compact package
• Low cost
26-150 GHz
High output power up to 50 mW
Frequency accuracy +/- 10 MHz
Frequency stability – 5*10-6 1/deg C
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Source for Plasma diagnostics and spectrometry
LO for mm-wave mixers
Stable LO with fixed frequency
Communication systems
ELVA-1 presents mm-wave oscillators of CIDO-XX family operating at fixed frequency. The
CIDO-XX are cavity-stabilized IMPATT diode oscillators. They provide high frequency stability and low
phase noise capability. They combine the extended frequency range and high output power of IMPATT
oscillators with stability and phase nose capabilities provided by cavity-stabilized Gunn oscillators. The
CIDO-XX sources are available in 8 waveguide bands covering 26 to 150 GHz. The CIDO-XX source
consist of a waveguide cavity IMPATT oscillator which is coupled to a high Q, high order mode
cylindrical cavity. The cylindrical cavity is made of Invar to improve the frequency stability over a broad
temperature range. Operating temperature range is -50 to +80 °C. Low pass EMI filter and current
stabilizer included for reliable, trouble-free operation. The device supplied with an integral isolator.
Standard CIDO-XX models are supplied mounted on a finned heat sink. These oscillators can
maintain their operating frequency within few megahertz over the normal operating temperature range
without a temperature controller or heater. An optional built-in temperature controlled heater can be
supplied to maintain the oscillator within a narrow operating temperature range. The frequency can be
held in a much narrower range. Custom configurations and performance characteristics different from
standard models are available.
+UVDC
Filter and
current
stabilizer
High Q
Cavity
IMPATT
Cavity
Scheme of CIDO-XX oscillator
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Isolator
Output
Flange
Model Number
Frequency Band and Range,
GHz
Output Power (typ.), mW
Frequency Stability, 1/°C (typ.)
Amplitude Stability., dB/°C
(typ.)
DC Power (IMPATT Bias), V/A
(max)
CIDO 28
Ka
26.5-40
50
-5
10
CIDO 22
Q
33-50
40
-6
8x10
CIDO 19
U
40-60
30
-6
8x10
CIDO 15
V
50-75
30
-6
6x10
CIDO 12
E
60-90
30
-6
5x10
CIDO 10
W
75-110
30
-6
5x10
0.01
0.01
0.015
0.015
0.015
+50/
0.15
+45/
0.15
+45/
0.15
+35/
0.15
+35/
0.2
CIDO -8
CIDO -6
F
90-140
20
-6
5x10
D
110-150
10
-6
5x10
0.02
0.02
0.02
+27/
0.2
+24/
0.25
+24/
0.25
Accuracy of frequency adjustment is about few MHz. The adjustment is provided in the factory
according to customer requirements.
Typical performance
FREQUENCY
96.001 GHz
0
POWER (dBc)
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-250 -200 -150 -100
10 dB
VERTICAL
DISPLAY
-50
0
50
FREQUENCY (kHz)
100
150
200
250
10 kHz
RESOLUTION
BANDWIDTH
Optionally the following items would be supplied to meet customer requirements:
1. IMPATT Injection-Locked Amplifiers IILA series to increase the output power;
2. Phase or amplitude modulator on the base of fast P-I-N switch SPST series;
3. Amplitude regulator on the base of Voltage Controlled Attenuator VCVA series;
4. Power supply for AC Input Voltages 110 V, 60Hz; 220 V, 50 Hz
Specify Model Number CIDO-XX/F/P, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- F – operating frequency in GHz
- P – output power (nom)
CIDO oscillator with the following specification: operation frequency 94.0 GHz, output power 20 mW,
output waveguide WR-10 has p/n CIDO-10/94/20.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High power output levels
• Ultra Low phase and AM noise
• Power sources
• Spectroscopy/Radiometry
• Digital Radio
Complete High performance fixed IMPATT oscillators are very stable solid state millimeter wave
source with ultra low phase AM noise. Oscillator consists of transistor oscillator stabilized by the
dielectric resonator (DRO) 6-8 GHz, 50 mW output, 10-6 frequency stability. The stability would be
increased upon request using a temperature stabilization scheme.
ISMA -28 ISMA -22 ISMA -19 ISMA -15 ISMA -12 ISMA -10 ISMA -08 ISMA -06
Model Number
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
Frequency Band
26.5-40
33-50
40-60
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140
110-180
Frequency Range, GHz
150
150
120
100
50
30-50
15-30
10-20
Maximum Power Output**
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
Input signal power, mW
5-8
6-10
7-10
8-13
10-15
14-18
18-24
19-25
Multiplication factor
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.2
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
DC Power, V/A
+50/0.15 +45/0.15 +45/0.15 +35/0.15
+35/0.2
+27/0.2
+24/0.2
+24/0.26
** Values are presented for the middle frequency of the frequency band.
Typical performance for W-band solution.
Scheme of measurement.
DRO
(7230+7/13)
MHz
IAFM-10
x13
Fout= 94.007 GHz
DRO
7230
MHz
IAFM-10
x13
Fout= 94.000 GHz
RF, P=1mW
IF, F=7MHz
Mixer
Frequency
Analyzer
LO, P=12mW
See on picture, at 10 kHz offset, the
difference in power between carrier and 10kHz
offset marker is –69.6dBc. Taking into account
that bandwidth is 1kHz , the spectrum density of
noise is –99.6dBc/Hz. Assuming that we have
two equivalent sources the noise power of each
source is 3 dB less, i.e. –102.6dBc/Hz
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High power output levels
• Wide tuning range
•
•
•
•
Sweepable Power sources
Spectroscopy/Radiometry
Reflectometer, Interferometer
FMCW radars
Complete sweepable IMPATT oscillators consist of VCO 6-8 GHz, 50 mW output and IAFM
multiplier. The stability would be increased upon request using a temperature stabilization scheme.
OMIL -28 OMIL -22 OMIL -19 OMIL -15 OMIL -12 OMIL -10 OMIL -08 OMIL -06
Model Number
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
Frequency Band
26.5-40
33-50
40-60
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140
110-180
Frequency Range, GHz*
150
150
120
100
50
30-50
15-30
10-20
Maximum Power Output**
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
30-50
Input signal power, mW
5-8
6-10
7-10
8-13
10-15
14-18
18-24
19-25
Multiplication factor
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.2
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
DC Power, V/A
-12/0.01
-12/0.01
+50/0.15 +45/0.15 +45/0.15 +35/0.15
+35/0.2
+27/0.2
+24/0.2
+24/0.26
* Operation bandwidth up to 10% is available.
** Values are presented for the middle frequency of the frequency band.
Output power flatness within the 1% band width (max)
Rejection of adjacent harmonics (min)
VSWR
AM noise inserted (max)
Sweep time, min
Control voltage
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
1.5 dB
40 dB
1:1.3
-130 dB/Hz (white noise)
50 µs
+2…+22 V
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
High output power
Digital/Electrical Frequency control
High power and frequency stability
Digital/Electrical control of output power
• Ability of long-term frequency stability
• Stable spectrum
• Ability of remote control/diagnostics
through internet
• Long life time
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Mm-wave source of high power
EPR spectrometer bridge
DNP polarizer source
Plasma diagnostics
FMCW radar module
Millimeter-wave oscillators of VCOM-XX series originally was designed for purposes of EPR
spectroscopy and plasma diagnostics. It provides electromagnetic energy within some range around of
central frequency with high output power. Original design uses low frequency stable voltage controlled
oscillator and frequency multiplier. To increase output power an IMPATT mm-wave power amplifier can
be used. Max value of output power level depends on requested frequency range. It can be 200 mW at
94 GHz, 50 mW at 140 GHz and 10 mW at 170 GHz.
Output power and frequency are controlled by means digital code signal (symbol D at end of p/n:
VCOM-…-DD, VCOM-…-DA, VCOM-…-DP models) or with external DC or pulse voltages
(VCOM-…-T, VCOM-…-DA, VCOM-…-DP models). Digital control models of VCOM-XX have built
in frequency counter what allows providing high long-term stability of output frequency. Also remote
control and diagnostics of operation through internet is admissible.
Reliable work of VCOM-XX oscillators allows using them in scientific experiments which last for long
time, a few weeks or even months.
There are set of standard models of the VCOM-XX oscillators now.
-
T- analogue control of frequency and power level
DD- digital control of frequency and power level
DA- analogue and digital control (switchable modes)
DP- digital control of output frequency, digital and analogue control of power level (up to 5kHz
pulse modulation of power level available)
Custom designed VCOM models can be produced by special order.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
MODEL
Central frequency
Bandwidth
Frequency Range (controlled)
Output power (controlled)
Spectrum line width at -3dBc
Control attenuation
Flange/ Waveguide
Operating Humidity at Temp range
+10 to +40degC
For models with digital control:
Frequency Step (max)
Power Level Step
Absolute
accuracy
of
set
Frequency: within +10 to +40degC
Settling time to major frequency
step within 0.5MHz:
Long term stability of reference
crystal oscillator: at constant
temperature
Output Frequency/Power Control
connector:
Remote Diagnostic Protocol:
Ethernet port:
VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-XX
94 GHz
500 MHz
93.75-94.25 GHz
0- 200 mW
100 kHz max
0…50 dB
UG-387/U-M /WR-10
VCOM-06/140/2/20-XX
140 GHz
2 GHz
139-141 GHz
0- 20 mW
100 kHz max
0…50 dB
UG-387/U-M /WR-06
VCOM-06/170/2/10-XX
170 GHz
2 GHz
169-171 GHz
0-10 mW
100 kHz max
0…40 dB
UG-387/U-M /WR-06
< 70% (non-condensing)
< 70% (non-condensing)
< 70% (non-condensing)
250kHz
< 1mW
350kHz
< 0.1mW
500kHz
0.05mW
<0.5MHz
<0.7MHz
<1MHz
less than or equal to 500
msec (max)
less than or equal to 500
msec (max)
less than or equal to 500
msec (max)
+/- 1 ppm per month
+/- 1 ppm per month
+/- 1 ppm per month
RS232/DB-9 Plug
RS232/DB-9 Plug
RS232/DB-9 Plug
Ethernet/SNMP v1
RG-45 Socket
Ethernet/SNMP v1
RG-45 Socket
Ethernet/SNMP v1
RG-45 Socket
Basic block- scheme of VCOM oscillators:
A. Wideband VCOM…-T (does not have powerful output power amplifier which limits operating bandwidth):
Power
amplifier
VCO 7-9 GHz
IMPATT
frequency
multiplier
Mm-wave
BPF
Isolator
Mm-wave
output power
Control
voltage
B. High power VCOM…-DD with digital control and remote control/diagnostics:
Power
amplifier
VCO 7-9 GHz
Control
voltage
Frequency
divider and
counter
Control board
MOXA
NE-4110S
board
Digital
code
Internet or
local
network
IMPATT
frequency
multiplier
Mm-wave
BPF
Isolator
IMPATT Mmwave power
amplifier
VCVA
attenuator
Mm-wave
output power
a)
b)
Control panel of VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-DA (a) and VCOM-06/140/0.5/50 oscillators (b)
•Typical measured data of W- and D- band VCOM-XX oscillators:
Maximum Output Power vs Frequency of VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-DA
Maximum Output Power vs Frequency of VCOM-06/140/0.5/50-DD
70
200
60
50
Pout, mW
Pout, mW
150
100
40
30
20
50
10
0
93,75
93,8
93,85
93,9
93,95
94
94,05
94,1
94,15
94,2
94,25
0
139,75
139,8
139,85
139,9
139,95
Freq, GHz
140
140,05
140,1
140,15
Freq, GHz
Specify Model Number VCOM-XX/CF/BW/P-AB, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF – central operating frequency in GHz
- BW – operating bandwidth, GHz
- P – output power (nom), mW
- AB type of output frequency and power control: -T or -DD, or –DA or -DP
Standard flange is UG-XXX/U-M round
VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-DD ( W-band oscillator, WR-10 waveguide, Central frequency 94 GHz,
Bandwidth 0.5 GHz, Output power 200 mW (typ), Digital control of output power and frequency)
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
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e-mail: [email protected]
140,2
140,25
• High power output levels 3-30W
• High efficiency
• Low spurious harmonic content
• Low phase and AM noise
• Power sources
• Radars
• Spectroscopy
The power oscillator consists of a pulsed IMPATT free-running oscillator, a pulsed IMPATT
injection amplifier, two current modulators with chirp compensation and triggering voltage generator.
Power output is a waveguide flange, triggering pulse output is a coaxial SMA connector
First Stage
Free Running
IMPATT Oscillator
Isolator
Second Stage IMPATT
Injection Amplifier
Output flange
Power plug
Triggering
Voltage
Generator
Pulsed current
sources with
chirp compensation
Fixed Operation Frequency in range, GHz
Output pulsed power, W
Pulse width, nSec
Chirp bandwidth, GHz
Repetition Frequency, kHz
Output
DC Power
40 – 150*
30 – 3*
80
0.4
50
Standard waveguide with UG series flange
+48 – +56V DC / 100mA,
+12±0.5 / 100 mA
* Typical performance: 20W at 94 GHz, 3.5W at 140GHz
Specify Model Number PSFR-xx-A, where
- XX – center frequency
- A – AC voltage power supply
0= no power supply, 1 = 110 VAC/60Hz, 2 = 220 VAC/50Hz, 3 = 100 VAV/50Hz
US Sales Office: Gilland Electronics
Tel: 408-778-9049
e-mail: [email protected]
• Voltage controlled oscillator at 150 GHz with high output power
Pout vs Frequency
120
Pout, mW
100
80
60
40
20
0
149,2 149,4 149,6 149,8 150 150,2 150,4 150,6 150,8
Frequency, GHz
• Free running Pulse Source 140 GHz @3.6W with control output
Operating Frequency, GHz
Output Power, W
Pulse width, nSec
Repetition Frequency, kHz
Phase Noise, dBc/Hz at 10kHz
Biasing Voltage, V
Waveguide, flange
Data
140
3.6
80
50
-65
+27
WR-08, UG-387/U-M
• Fixed oscillator at 130 GHz, Pout=130 mW
Operating Frequency, GHz
Frequency stability, 1/C
Output Power, mW
Power Stability, dB/C
Phase Noise, dBc/Hz at 10kHz
Biasing Voltage, V
Waveguide, flange
Data
130±0.02
5*10(-6)
130
0.02
-65
+24, +12
WR-06, UG-387/U-M
• Fixed oscillator at 77 GHz, Pout=15 mW
Operating Frequency, GHz
Frequency stability, 1/C
Output Power, mW
Power Stability, dB/C
Phase Noise, dBc/Hz at 10kHz
Biasing Voltage, V
Waveguide, flange
Data
77
5*10(-6)
15
0.02
-65
+27
WR-12, UG-387/U-M
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High output power
• CW and Pulse operation modes
• Current stabilizer included for reliable
operation
• High power and frequency stability
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
• Digital/Electrical control of output power
level
• Low amplitude noises due to saturation
regime
• Long life time
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Mm-wave source of high power
EPR spectrometer bridge
DNP polarizer source
Plasma diagnostics
FMCW radar module
Communication systems
ELVA-1 Injection-locked Amplifiers IILA-XX series are intended for high-power amplification
of CW and pulse mm-wave signals. They are offered in the frequency range from 26 to 150 GHz in five
waveguide bands. They can operate from power level as low as 2-3 mW which can be obtained directly
from Up-Converter or frequency multiplier. When IILA-XX amplifier is injection locked FM noise of the
output is the same as the input injection signal. In the absence of an in-band input signal of sufficient
power to attain injection lock, there is a free running output signal.
The amplifiers are provided with integral circulators and DC voltage regulator. An operational
heater is available for better temperature stability. To achieve higher gain, broader locking bandwidth and
higher output, multistage and multi-diode configurations are also available.
Reliable work of IILA-XX oscillators allows using them in scientific experiments which last for long
time, a few weeks or even months.
Custom designed IILA-XX models can be produced by special order.
MODEL
Central frequency from range (specify), GHz
Max CW power (typ), mW
Max pulse power, W
Injection locked bandwidth at -1dB level, MHz
Input injection power level range, dBm
Power output flatness (max), dB
DC power (IMPATT bias), V/A
Flange/ Waveguide
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
IILA-22
40-50
200
15
300
+5..+10
+/-1
+45/0.4
UG-383/U
/WR-22
IILA-15
50-75
200
15
400
+5..+10
+/-1
+32/0.4
UG-385/U
/WR-15
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
IILA-10
75-110
200
10
500
+5..+10
+/-1
+27/0.4
UG-387/U-M
/WR-10
IILA-06
110-150
200
2
500
+5..+10
+/-1
+24/0.4
UG-387/U-M
/WR-06
Typical measured data of IILA-94/1.0/200/15 amplifier:
Output power vs. input frequency at 20 mW input
240
220
200
180
Pout, mW
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
93,5
93,6
93,7
93,8
93,9
94
94,1
94,2
94,3
94,4
94,5
F, GHz
14 mW input
12 mW input
10 mW input
Photo of 400 mW power amplifier produced for special request
Input power 160 mW, output power 400 mW, F=90 GHz
Specify Model Number IILA-XX/CF/BW/P/I, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF – central operating frequency in GHz
- BW – operating bandwidth, GHz
- P – output power (nom), mW
IILA-10/94/0.5/200/20 ( W-band IMPATT injection locked amplifier, WR-10 waveguide, Central
frequency 94GHz, Bandwidth 0.5 GHz, Output power 200 mW (typ), Input signal 20 mW
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
• Low phase and AM noise
• Small size, Compact design
• High reliability, rugged construction
Multiplication factor up to 9
High efficiency
Broad band operation
Low spurious harmonic content
• Laboratory measurement and test
equipment
• Sources of mm-wave power
• AM/PM possibility
• Electronic tuned power sources
• Spectroscopy/Radiometry
Diode frequency multipliers are widely used in small size solid-state signal sources for use in
mm-wave range. Step-recovery and Schottky diodes are used as non-linear elements in the BFM-XX
frequency multipliers. The frequency multipliers have multiplication factor 2 or 3 and can be assembled
in series. To increase output power an intermediate power amplifier can be used between two multiplier
stages. The highest operating frequency reaches 170GHz at multiplication factor 9. Nominal input
frequency is within 11GHz - 20GHz frequency range and input power level up to 100 mW. The phase and
amplitude stability of the output signal are defined by the quality of the pumping source. The input of a
multiplier is a coaxial connector, and the output is a waveguide flange.
A broad band millimeter-wave voltage controlled oscillator (mm-wave VCO) can be assembled
using a BFM-XX multiplier and 11-20GHz VCO.
MODEL NUMBER
Frequency Range (GHz)
Input Waveguide
Waveguide Flange
Total multiplication factor
(first X second stages)
Signal purity, dBc
Output power (typ, mW)
Input power (nom, mW)
Input frequency (GHz)
BFM-28/2
26.5-40 GHz
WR-28
UG-599/U
BFM-22/3
33-50 GHz
WR-19
UG-383/U
BFM-15/4
50-75 GHz
WR-15
UG-385/U
BFM-10/6
75-110 GHz
WR-10
UG-387/U-M
BFM-06/9
110-170 GHz
WR-06
UG-387/U-M
2
3
4(2x2)
6(2x3)
9(3x3)
>25dB
7-11
100
13.25-20
>20dB
3-6
100
11-16.66
>20dB
2-5*
1
12.5-18.75
>20dB
1-3*
1
12.5-18.33
>10dB
0.1 – 0.5
1
12.22-18.88
*) An intermediate power amplifier is installed between two multiplication stages
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Typical data of output frequency are presented in the plots below.
BFM-06/9 Output power vs Frequency
BFM-10/6 Output power vs Frequency and input power
600
10
9
500
8
7
400
Pout, uW
Pout, uW
6
300
5
4
200
3
2
100
1
0
110
0
120
130
140
150
160
170
75
80
85
90
Fout, GHz
95
100
Fout, GHz
Pin 30mW
Pin 50mW
Pin 100mW
Amplifier
-5VDC
Input
Doubler
12,5-18.33 GHz
X2
Tripler
X3
Output
75-110 GHz
+9VDC
Schematic diagram of BFM-10/6
Amplifier
30
54
26
Input
Output
19
19
115
Outline drawing of BFM-10/6 multiplier (mm)
Specify Model Number BFM-XX/M, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- M- multiplication factor
BFM-10/6 (W-band sextupler)
BFM-06/9 (D-band nanupler)
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
22
105
110
• ENR 12…15 dB typical
• High stability
• Good flatness
•
•
•
•
• No high voltage supply required
• Compact solid state source
• High reliability, rugged construction
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Mm-wave noise source
Calibration
Noise figure measurement
ELVA-1 solid-state noise source ISSN-XX series delivers a uniform level of noise power spectral
density within the whole waveguide frequency range. Sources are available in eight waveguide bands
covering 26.4-170 GHz. A Silicon IMPATT diode is employed as a fundamental building block of the
source. High stability of the device allows it to be used for test and instrumentation applications in place
of gas-tube noise sources. Low DC power requirements eliminate the need for complex high voltage
supplies. There are two operation modes: CW mode and pulsed AM mode with modulation frequency up
to 1 kHz. Typical value of excess noise ratio (ENR) as a function of frequency is given on the plot below.
Block Diagram:
Triggering
Input
Gated Bias
Regulator
Noise
Output
Matching
Network
Diode
+18…+28 VDC
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Inputs and Controls:
Mm-power ON
Indicator
Power/Triggering
Inversion Switch
Triggering
(SMA Female)
+18…+28VDC
(BNC Female)
TTL
Notes:
Power/ Triggering Inversion Switch can be used for manual ON/OFF. “INV” position is ON.
Microwave power can be switched with TTL-level control voltage.
If Triggering Inversion Switch is in OFF (Down) position active level is high,
otherwise (INV position) – active level is low
MODEL NUMBER
Frequency Band and
Range, GHz
Input waveguide
Wavequide Flange
Bandwidth, GHz (min)
ENR, dB (nom)
Typical Flatness, dB
Stability, dB/°C
Stability/Day, dB (typ)
Biasing Voltage, V
Sizes, mm
Cylinder diameter/length
(without isolator)
ISSN-28
Ka
26.5-40
WR28
UG383/U
Full
15
±1
0.01
0.05
ISSN-22
Q
33-50
WR22
UG-383/U
Full
14
±1.5
0.01
0.05
ISSN-19
U
40-60
WR19
UG383/U-M
Full
13
±1.5
0.01
0.05
50/75
50/75
50/75
ISSN-15
ISSN-12
V
E
50-75
60-90
WR15
WR12
UGUG385/U
387/U
Full
Full
13
13
±1.5
±1.5
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.05
+18…+28
50/75
50/60
ISSN-10
W
75-110
WR10
UG387/U-M
Full
12
±1.5
0.01
0.05
ISSN-08
F
90-140
WR8
UG387/U-M
Full
12
±1.5
0.01
0.05
ISSN-06
D
110-170
WR6
UG387/U-M
Full
12
±2
0.01
0.05
50/60
50/60
50/60
Notes:
Maximum operating temperature is +60°C
Diode operating current is 50…100 mA.
A limiting value of modulation frequency is 1 kHz (external triggering).
Triggering signal amplitude is TTL level.
Bias voltage is +18 V It is possible to supply the noise source with +28VDC biasing for the
compatibility with commonly used noise meters.
External triggering connector is SMA female.
ENR would be increased for narrower bandwidth. Please contact factory.
US Sales Office: Gilland Electronics
Tel: 408-778-9049
e-mail: [email protected]
Excess Noise Ratio (ENR) vs frequency
16
14
12
ENR, dB
10
8
6
4
2
0
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
145
150
155
160
165
170
F, GHz
Power supply for input power 220VAC/50Hz, 110VAC/60Hz or 100VAC/50Hz are available
optionally.
For the precision control and fast modulation of the output power of the source Voltage Controlled
Attenuator VCVA-XX series can be supplied optionally
Specify Model Number ISSN-XX/BW/V, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- BW – operating bandwidth in GHz (nothing if full band)
- V –type of power supply: 18 or 28 if external power supply +18VDC or +28 VDC of customer’s lab
will be used (specify voltage), 110 or 220 if external 110VAC or 220VAC power supply is requested
together with noise source
ISSN-10/28 ( W-band noise source with output waveguide WR-10, full band 75-110 GHz,
external power supply +28VDC not requested
ISSN-06/110-140/220 ( D-band noise source with output waveguide WR-06, operating frequency
110-140GHz, external 220VAC power supply requested as well
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Powerful incoherent source
1 Watt typical output power in W-band
High stability
Good flatness
5GHz white noise spectrum
No high voltage supply required
Compact solid state source
High reliability, rugged construction
Target illumination in noise radar systems
Concealed weapons detection systems
Noise figure measurement
Instruments and test equipment
Space and Hi-Rel systems
ELVA-1 high power noise sources employ specially designed silicon IMPATT diodes, operating
in a pulse mode. It delivers the real incoherent radiation within 5 GHz bandwidth. 1 W level of output
power allows to use the device for illumination of targets for the improvement of sensitivity of passive
radiometers. The sources are available for all frequencies from 26 to 140 GHz. Low DC power
requirements eliminate the need for complex high voltage supplies. The device is supplied with pulsed
current source and triggering circuit. Both external and internal triggering modes are provided. Built-in
digitally controlled generator allows to install repetition frequency within 10 Hz – 100 kHz range.
IMPATT
Triggering
>10 μs Alarm
External.
Trigger
Input
Internal.
Trigger
Output
Pass-band
Fil
Pulsed
Current
Source
Output
Flange
8 Bit TTL
Repetition
Frequency
Control
Digitaly Controlled
Generator
10Hz…100kHz
Dip Switch
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Isolator
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Model Number
Frequency Band
Frequency Range, GHz
Pulse Power Output, W
ENR flatness, dB
Pulse width, ns
Duty factor
Biasing voltages, VDC
PNS -28
Ka
26.5-40
1
±1.5
60-100
>100
100
PNS -10
Q
75-110
0.7
±1.5
60-100
>100
48
PNS -08
F
90-120
0.5
±1.5
60-100
>100
56
PNS -06
D
120-140
0.5
±1.5
60-100
>100
56
VSWR of the load should not exceed 2:1. Operating temperature range -40…+50 °C.
Specifications would be adjusted according to customer's requirements. Please contact factory for other
frequency ranges, bandwidths, pulse lengths and others. Device is designed in cylinder 120 mm length
and 70 mm diameter.
Special protection scheme is integrated against an application of more then one triggering pulse
within 10 μs. To protect the diode the system ignores all pulses during 10 μs period after the last
triggering.
The device is supplied with built-in digitally controlled triggering generator with variable
repetition frequency within 10Hz…100kHz. 256 values of repetition frequency are available. The desired
frequency would be installed by dip switches or by 8bit TTL bus. Pulse duration would be decreased
optionally up to 5 ns using fast PIN switch, FPS series. To control the amplitude of the source Voltage
Controlled Attenuator VCVA series would be supplied optionally.
Typical picture of noise pulse measured on the output of detector with 50-Ohm load is presented
below:
Controls
Triggering Input
Connector SMA
Power Plug &
8bits TTL
frequency control
Power
Switch
Integration time of the detector is about 3 ns, scale is 20 ns per division.
Specify Model Number PNS-XX-ABBC
- XX- waveguide band (WR-Number)
- A - flange type
R = round, S = square (WR-28 only)
- BB – pulse duration in nanoseconds.
Consult ELVA-1 for another pulse duration
- C – AC voltage power supply options
1 = 110 VAC/60Hz, 2 = 220 VAC/50Hz, 3 = 100 VAV/50Hz
US Sales Office:
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e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
26.5-220 GHz operating frequency
6 - 12 dB conversion losses
Good flatness
Up to 22 GHz IF
• Up to 40 dB balance
• Required LO power 1…20 mW
• VSWR 2:1 (typ)
• Low noise Receivers of mm-wave signal
• Down converters
• Instruments and test equipment
Broadband balanced mixers are the key part of mm-wave
receivers, down converters numerous instruments and test equipment.
Standard
line
of
ELVA-1’s
balanced
mixers
BM-XX/LO/IF/N series provide low conversion losses and low noise
figure of the devices within wide frequency band from 26,5GHz to
220 GHz.
The BM-XX/LO/IF/N mixers are based on Ga-As Schottky
diodes of ELVA-1 own manufacturing. They provide their features
within whole waveguide band of RF and LO frequencies. Using
original design of the mixer allows reaching IF up to 22 GHz and
LO/IF isolation up to 30…40 dB. Standard mixers demand about
10 mW LO power and work without external biasing.
There are Balanced Mixers producing on custom design together with standard product line. They
can work with lower LO power levels at 1-2 mW and higher IF frequencies up to 22 GHz. Low LO power
Balanced mixers are biased and have the fourth coaxial input.
Harmonic mixers are also available for producing. The harmonic mixers have a bit worse
conversion losses then mixers working at fundamental harmonic. The advantage of the harmonic mixers
is they can be used in the receivers which do not have a LO source with as high operating frequency as
RF signal.
To provide lower noise figure and to have higher RF to IF gain there are balanced mixers
BMA-X/LO/IF series with built-in IF pre-amplifier.
Two main designs of the balanced mixers: axed and angle ones, are shown in the pictures above.
Typical specifications of BM-XX/LO/IF/N balanced mixers is given below.
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MODEL NUMBER
Frequency Band and
Range, GHz
Input waveguide
Waveguide Flange
Conversion losses at RF
LO over full waveguide
band,
IF: 0.01-8 GHz, dB (max)
Conversion losses at fixed
LO, IF: 0.01-8 GHz, dB
(max)
Conversion losses at fixed
LO, IF: 8-18 GHz,
dB (max)
BM28/XX
Ka
26.5-40
WR28
UG599/U
BM22/XX
Q
33-50
WR22
UG-383/U
BM19/XX
U
40-60
WR19
UG383/U-M
BM15/XX
V
50-75
WR15
UG385/U
BM12/XX
E
60-90
WR12
UG387/U
BM10/XX
W
75-110
WR10
UG387/U-M
BM08/XX
F
90-140
WR8
UG387/U-M
BM06/XX
D
110-170
WR6
UG387/U-M
8
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
---
---
6.0
7
7
7.5
7.5
8
8
8.5
7 IF
<13.5GHz
7.5 IF
<17GHz
7.5
8
8
8.5
9
9
Notes: 1. Maximum operating temperature is +60°C
2. Incident max CW RF power: 20 mW (typ)
3. RF power at 1 dB compression: 1 dBm (typ)
4. IF, bias connectors: SMA female
5. BM-05 mixers are available upon request
Typical Application: mm-wave receiver / down converter
The Balanced mixers are frequently used as a part of a mm-wave receivers / down converters.
Also ELVA-1 offers the rest components of the down converters: High stable local oscillator to drive
balanced mixer and waveguide filters. Due to the down converters have two received frequency bands
lower and higher LO frequency some waveguide filters can be installed at RF port of the Balanced mixer
to suppress needless signals.
Balanced
Mixer
+24 VDC
LO
(CIDO-X/XX
series)
RF
LO
IF
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e-mail: [email protected]
Typical outward view and measured data of a receiver / down converter are presented below:
F-band Downconverter
LO= 121.4GHz RF=127.4-139.4GHz
IF=6…18GHz (LPF and BPF used)
Waveguide
filters
LO
Balanced
mixer
Conversion Losses of the Downconverter
Flo= 121.4GHZ RF=127.4-139.4GHz
Conv Losses, dB
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
125
130
135
140
145
F, GHz
150
Specify Model Number BM-XX/LO/IF/N/A/В, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- LO- LO frequency (or operating range), F- if full band
- IF – intermediate frequency range
- N – number of operating harmonic, nothing if N=1
- A – with built-in power amplifier at output, nothing if without output power amplifier
- B –requires bias, nothing if no bias
BM-10/F/4 (W-band mixer, LO= 75-110 GHz, IF= 4 GHz
BM-06/142/6-18 (D-band mixer, LO= 142 GHz, IF= 6-18 GHz
BM-10/12-18/1/6 (W-band mixer, LO= 12-18 GHz, IF= 1 GHz, harmonic number 6
BM-10/94/0.5-1.5/A (W-band mixer, LO= 94 GHz, IF= 0.5-1.5 GHz, harmonic number 1, with
built-in output power amplifier
Delivery time 6-8 weeks for standard models. Custom designed mixers are delivered within 12 weeks ARO.
All ELVA-1 balanced mixers are warranted by the manufacturer for one year after receipt.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• 26.5 to 220 GHz
• High sensitivity
• No bias
• Compact design
• High reliability, rugged construction
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Sensors of mm-wave power
ZBD-series Zero Biased Detectors are available in both
polarities. Using a Schottky barrier beam lead diode design
these detectors offer a cost-effective solution for broadband
power detection systems/ They provide high sensitivity to
small signals and linear response up to -15 dBm.
MODEL NUMBER*
ZBD-28
ZBD-22
ZBD-19
ZBD-15
ZBD-12
ZBD-10
ZBD-08
ZBD-06
Frequency Range (GHz)
Input Waveguide
26.5-40
WR-28
33-50
WR-22
UG-599/U
UG-383/U
40-60
WR-19
UG383/U-M
50-75
WR-15
UG385/U
60-90
WR-12
UG387/U
75-110
WR-10
UG387/U-M
90-140
WR-08
UG387/U-M
110-170
WR-06
UG387/U-M
3500/
2000
3000/
1500
2500/
1300
2000/
1000
1700/
800
1500/
700
1300/
500
500/
200
±1.5
±1.5
±1.5
±1.5
±2.0
±2.0
±2.5
±2.5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
+10
+10
+10
+13
+13
+15
+15
+17
Waveguide Flange
Typical/Min Video
Sensitivity at –20 dBm
Input (mV/mW)
Typical Flatness(dB)
Typical Video Output
Load (MOhm)
Typical Video Bandwidth
(MHz)
Incident CW RF Power
(typ, dBm)
*) ZBD-05 detectors can be produced by special request
WR-06
UG-387/U-M
Outline drawing of ZBD-06 detector
US Sales Office:
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e-mail: [email protected]
Typical sensitivity and linearity data presented in the plot below.
Sensitivity vs. frequency at -20dBm input
Uout vs Input power at different frequencies
1000
500
900
450
800
400
350
700
300
Uout, mV
S, mV/mW
600
500
250
200
400
150
300
100
200
50
100
0
0
110
0
120
130
140
150
160
1
2
3
F, GHz
4
5
6
Pin, mW
170
120GHz
140GHz
160GHz
Detectors of ZBDA-XX series supplied with built-in buffer amplifier at ZBD output. The
amplifier protects Schottky diode against wrong actions (short circuit at output, static electricity) and
helps increase reliability of ZBDA-XX detectors. The ZBDA-XX detectors are fed with DC bias voltage
(+5VDC…+10VDC).
Specify Model Number ZBD(A)-XX/F/P, where
symbol A means output power amplifier exists
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- F- central frequency (or operating range), nothing if full band
- P – max input power level in mW
ZBD-10/20 (W-band detector, full operating bandwidth, max input power 20 mW
ZBD-10/92-96/10 (W-band detector, operating bandwidth 92-96 GHz, max input power 10 mW
ZBDA-06/140/70 (D-band detector with built-in power amplifier, central frequency 140 GHz, max input
power 70 mW
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
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e-mail: [email protected]
• Low insertion losses
• High isolation
• Low cost
•
•
•
•
•
• Low switching time
• Full band operation
• Easy to use
Alternative for polarization attenuators
Alternative for p-i-n modulators
AM of microwave signals.
Power control
Lock-in detection systems
ELVA-1 series Voltage-Controlled Variable Attenuators VCVA is built on the base of PIN diodes
as an active element. Modern technology allows to combine advantages of different types of attenuators
and modulators in one device. Full band operation, accuracy, 60dB attenuation range and small insertion
losses are comparable with specification for polarization attenuators. On the other hand a small switching
time allows to use the device instead Faraday rotation ferrite modulators or ON/OFF type p-i-n
modulators. The attenuators are designed as a gold covered waveguide section and have a high reliability.
The basic unit is a current controlled attenuator. We propose also an external driver which provides a
voltage current conversion and a switching time up to the 25 μsec. We supply each device with personal
calibration characteristics. Typical characteristics for the VCVA-10 model are shown on two plots below:
attenuation versus control voltage with fixed frequency and attenuation versus frequency with different
control voltages.
Attenuation vs Bias current
Attenuation, dB
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-70
Ibias , m A
Attenuation vs Frequency and bias current
0
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
Frequency, GHz
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110
105
100
95
90
85
80
-70
75
Attetuation, dB
-10
Model
Frequency Band
Range, GHz
VCVA-42 VCVA-28 VCVA-22 VCVA-19 VCVA-15 VCVA-12 VCVA-10 VCVA-08 VCVA-06
K
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
18-26.5
26-40
33-50
40-60
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140
110-170
Bandwidth, %
Insertion Loss, dB (typ)
Isolation, dB (min)
Peak Power, W(max)
Switching Time, μsec **
DC Bias Input, mA
20
0,7
50*
1,0
100
100
15
0,7
50*
1,0
50
100
15
0,8
50*
1,0
50
100
15
1,0
50*
1,0
50
100
15
1,0
50*
1,0
25
100
15
1,0
50*
1,0
25
100
15
1,0
50*
1,0
25
100
Bandwidth, %
Insertion Loss,
Isolation, dB (min)
Peak Power, W(max)
Switching Time, μsec **
DC Bias Input, mA
100
0,7
50*
1,0
100
100
100
1,8
50*
1,0
50
100
100
2,0
50*
1,0
50
100
100
2,0
50*
1,0
50
100
100
2,0
50*
1,0
25
100
100
3,0
50*
1,0
25
100
100
3,0
45*
1,0
25
100
Wideband Version
15
15
0,8
0,8
50*
50*
1,0
1,0
50
50
100
100
Full band Version
100
100
2,0
2,0
50*
50*
1,0
1,0
50
50
100
100
*The models with 60 dB Isolation are available upon request
**Guaranteed for Rise Time 0-90% RF and Fall Time 100-10% RF. Models with twice lower switching
time are available upon request for the 50-170 GHz frequency range.
Mechanical Specifications.
ELVA-1 provides different issues:
- Flat mount flanges
- With extension waveguides
US Sales Office:
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ELVA-1 offers drivers series for control of Solid-State electrical controlled attenuators.
• Analog Linear Driver, Part No. ADL-10/100.
This deriver converts 0 - +10V input volts to 0 - +100mA biasing current for feeding of attenuator.
Specifications.
Input signal:
Output current:
Power supply:
Control Input/Output connectors:
0..+10 V;
0…100 mA;
+/-12 VDC 120mA(max);
SMA female.
• Analog Linear Driver with fast switching mode, Part No. ADLFM-10/100.
This deriver provides two modes of operation: ‘slow mode’ and ‘fast mode’. In ‘slow mode’ driver
operates as a linear converter voltage to current and provides 0 - +10V input voltage range volts to
0 - +100mA output current. Second mode allows to use VCVA as "on/off" fast modulator. In "fast mode"
the driver applies a short negative voltage pulse to accelerate the fall time. Typical Response Function of
the attenuation for VCVA is shown on the plot below.
Specifications for ‘slow mode’.
Input signal:
Output current:
Power supply:
Control Input/Output connectors:
0..+10 V;
0…100 mA;
+/-12 VDC 120mA(max);
SMA female.
Fast Mode
Slow Mode
Attenuation response function for ‘slow’ and ‘fast’ modes
• GPIB and RS-232 Driver, Part No. GPDVC-15/100/RS.
This deriver can operate via GPIB and RS-232 interfaces. User should send 12 bits code for setting
desired attenuation. The driver converts sent code in biasing current in range 0-100 mA.
Specification.
Input range:
Output current:
Power supply:
Control Output connectors:
12 bits;
0…100 mA;
100-240V AC;
SMA female.
• Digital Drivers.
Upon request Elva-1 can design driver with any digital interface. Please contact with factory.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• Low insertion losses
• High isolation
• Low cost
•
•
•
•
• Fast switching time
• More then 10% bandwidth operation
• Easy to use
Radars
Fast protection system
AM of microwave signals.
Lock-in detection systems
ELVA-1 series fast SPST switches is built on slim film PIN
diodes. Built-in driver provides switching time 4-6 ns and unique
technology allows to get more then 10% operation with small insertion
losses and isolation more then 30 dB.
SPST-42 SPST-28 SPST-22 SPST-19 SPST-15 SPST-12 SPST-10 SPST-08 SPST-06
Model
K
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
Frequency Band
18-26.5
26-40
33-50
40-60
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140 110-150
Range, GHz
0,7
0,7
0,8
0,8
0,8
1,0
1,0
1,5
1,5
Insertion Loss, dB (typ)
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
Isolation, dB (min)
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
0,8
Peak Power, W(max)
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
Switching Time, nsec
Supply
Control signal
Control Input impedance
+/-5V DC
TTL
50 Ohm
*The models with 60 dB Isolation are available upon request
**Guaranteed for Rise Time 0-90% RF and Fall Time 100-10% RF.
Typical data for different models are presented below.
Sw itch SPST-06/140
'1', Loss
Frequency, GHz
Frequency, GHz
Specify Model Number SPST-XX/AA/BB
- XX- waveguide band (WR-Number)
- AA – Center operation frequency (fo), GHz
- BB – Operation bandwidth (fo+/-BB), GHz
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Losses
150
148
146
144
142
140
138
136
134
132
130
128
90 90,5 91 91,5 92 92,5 93 93,5 94 94,5 95 95,5 96 96,5 97 97,5 98 98,5 99 99,5 100
126
-40
124
-35
122
-30
120
-25
118
-20
110
Loss, dB
Loss, dB
-15
116
-5
-10
Isolation
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
-45
-50
114
'0', Isolation
112
SPST-10/94
0
• 26.5-220 GHz operating frequency
• Low Insertion loss
• Mm-wave components assembling
• Subsystems
Different waveguide parts like straight waveguide sections (SWG-XX/L), bends (WB-XX/E/A),
tapered transitions/adapters (WGT-XX/YY/L) are used for assembling of mm-wave components.
ELVA-1 produce all the list of necessary elements.
Straight waveguide sections have flanges at ends and can vary in length.
Twists and bends are used for connection of mm-wave components which has different waveguide
orientation. They are short sections and have standard waveguide flanges at ends.
Tapered transitions are intended for connection of mm-wave devices with different waveguide
dimensions and flange types. Can be produced also in accordance with custom design.
The waveguide components use standard rectangular cupper tube with standard waveguide
dimensions or are made using electroforming technologies.
Standard components are silver plated.
Custom requests are acceptable for the waveguide components.
Specify Model Number
- straight waveguide sections: SWG-XX/L
- bends: WB-XX/E/A
- twists: TW-XX/A
- tapered transitions/adapters: WGT-XX/YY, where
- XX and YY – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- L- length
- E – can be E for E-plane bend or H for H-plane bend
- A- bend angle, empty if 90 degrees
SWG-10/20 (Straight W- band waveguide section with flanges, WR-10 waveguide. Length 20 mm
WB-12/H (E- band waveguide bend with flanges, WR-12 waveguide, H-plane, 90 degrees angle
WB-06/E/45 (D- band waveguide bend with flanges, WR-06 waveguide, E-plane, 45 degrees angle
WB-06/E/45 (D- band waveguide bend with flanges, WR-06 waveguide, E-plane, 45 degrees angle
US Sales Office:
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• 50-220 GHz operating frequency
• Low Insertion loss
• High directivity
• Power sampling
• Test equipment
• Subsystems
ELVA series DC-XX 3-port directional couplers are available in six waveguide bands from 50 to
220 GHz. The standard coupling levels are 3, 6, 10, 20, 30 and 40 dB with full waveguide operational
bandwidth. ELVA directional couplers have directivity of up to 40dB for frequencies below 110GHz and
30dB for upper frequencies.
Directional couplers are in common use for the purpose of transmitting power into a waveguide
circuit without perturbing the operating characteristics of the circuit. These couplers are particularly
suitable for frequency monitoring and measurement of RF power (transmitted or reflected) in circuits.
Directional couplers are used for scalar network analyzers, and for signal sampling in instruments or
subsystems.
The directional couplers can be used in different high-frequency equipments. They are used for
dividing input signals into multiple output signals with minimum loss of power (forward direction). The
standard directional couplers have 3 ports.
Fig. Scheme of 3-port directional coupler
Producing of other directional couplers is possible upon special request. Energy transfer can be
done from any port to any directions (it depends on the purpose of the device). The examples are the
following:
Fig. Scheme of 4-port directional couplers of different design
In practice, the most popular models have 3 ports. The basic function of a 3-port directional
coupler is to operate on an input (P1) so that two output signals (P2 and P3) are available. The output
signals are unequal in amplitude. The larger signal is at the mainline output port (P2). The smaller signal
is at the secondary port (P3).
P3
P3*
P1
P1*
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If the input signal (P1*) is applied to the opposite port (power is transmitted in the back direction)
some part of the power is reflected to the opposite direction in secondary waveguide. It is possible to
measure it as P3*. The difference in dB of the output power P3 and P3* is called directivity.
Main characteristics of the directional couplers
Transmistion
Coupling value
Insertion losses
Directivity
= 10Log(P2/P1)
= 10Log(P3/P1)
= 10Log((P2+P3)/P1)
= 10Log(P3/P3*), P1*=P1
Typical directional couplers data presented in plots below
DC-06 Insertion Losses vs. frequency
0,0
0,0
-0,5
-0,5
-1,0
-1,0
Losses, dB
Transmission, dB
DC-06 Transmission vs. frequency
-1,5
-1,5
-2,0
-2,0
-2,5
-2,5
-3,0
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
-3,0
110
120
130
140
150
160
F, GHz
F, GHz
MODEL NUMBER
DC-15
DC-12
DC-10
DC-08
DC-06
DC-05
Frequency band, GHz
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140
110-170
140-220
WR-15
WR-12
WR-10
WR-08
WR-06
WR-05
Coupling value dB
3, 6, 10,
20, 30, 40
3, 6, 10,
20, 30, 40
3, 6, 10,
20, 30, 40
3, 6, 10,
20, 30, 40
3, 6, 10,
20, 30
3, 6, 10,
20
Insertion losses dB
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.5
Directivity dB
30-40
30-40
30-40
30-35
30-35
25-30
VSWR
1.08:1
1.1:1
1.15:1
1.2:1
1.25:1
1.4:1
Waveguide
Specify Model Number DC-XX /C, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- C- coupling value
DC-10/10 ( W-band directional coupler, WR-10, coupling value 10 dB
DC-06/20 ( D-band directional coupler, WR-06, coupling value 20 dB
US Sales Office:
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170
• 26.5-220 GHz operating frequency
• Narrow band and full band types
• Low insertion losses
•
•
•
•
• High isolation
• Compact size
Laboratory measurement and test equipment
Junction of some parts of sub-systems
Matching of several waveguide components
Base of multi-junction devices
(injection-locked amplifier)
26.5-220GHz Circulators and Isolators are ferrite waveguide components. There are two kinds of
the products operating within narrow frequency band (1-4 GHz) and full waveguide band. Junction
circulators /isolators are narrow band. Wideband devices base on Faraday rotation effect. Used in many
waveguide schemes for junction their parts and for matching different components and protecting against
reflected mm-wave power.
Standard line of ELVA-1’s circulators CR-XX/CF/BW series provide low insertion losses and
high isolation for all three ports. They have operation frequency band up to 4 GHz. Better performances
of the circulators can be provided within narrow frequency band.
The IS-XX/CF/BW isolators realized by terminating of one port of the junction circulators. Ideally
suit for suppression of reflected power coming from any waveguide devices with high VSWR.
Full band isolators IF-XX have good performances within full waveguide range. Mainly used in
wideband sources or receivers for suppression mm-wave power propagating in one fixed direction. Have
small insertion losses.
Narrow band circulators CR-XX/CF/BW series:
1
2
3
Central frequency:
Bandwidth:
Insertion losses:
1 to 2, 2 to 3, 3 to 1
Isolation:
2 to 1, 3 to 2, 1 to 3
VSWR
CR-XX/CF/BW
Fixed from 26.5- 110 GHz
Fixed from 110- 170 GHz
2.5 GHz
0.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
0.5 GHz
0.7 dB
0.5 dB
1 dB
0.7 dB
23 dB (min)
30 dB
20 dB (min)
25 dB
1.2 (typ)
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
1.3 (typ)
Narrow band isolators IS-XX/CF/BW series:
IS-XX/CF/BW
Fixed from 26.5- 110 GHz
Fixed from 110- 170 GHz
2.5 GHz
0.5 GHz
2.5 GHz
0.5 GHz
0.7 dB
0.5 dB
1 dB
0.8 dB
23 dB (min)
30 dB
20 dB (min)
25 dB
1.2 (typ)
1.3 (typ)
Central frequency:
Bandwidth:
Insertion losses:
Isolation:
VSWR
*) CR/IS-05 circulators/isolators can be produced upon special request
Typical data of circulators/isolators presented in the plots below.
Insertion losses of CR-10/94/2,5
90
90,5
91
91,5
92
92,5
93
93,5
94
94,5
95
Isolation of CR-10/94/2,5
95,5
96
96,5
97
97,5
98
90
0
90,5
91
91,5
92
92,5
93
93,5
94
94,5
95
95,5
96
96,5
97
0
-0,2
-10
-0,4
-20
-0,8
Isolation,dB
Isolation,dB
-0,6
-1
-1,2
-30
-40
-50
-1,4
-60
-1,6
-70
-1,8
-2
-80
F,GHz
1-2
2-3
F,GHz
3-1
port 2 to 1
port 3 to 2
1-3
Full band Faraday Isolators IF-XX series:
Model
Operating bandwidth, GHz
Insertion losses:
Isolation:
VSWR
Waveguide
Flange
IF-15
50-75
1.7 dB
25 dB
1.3:1
WR-15
UG-385/U
IF-12
60-90
1.8 dB
25 dB
1.3:1
WR-12
UG-387/U
IF-10
75-110
2.2 dB
25 dB
1.4:1
WR-10
UG-387/U-M
IF-08
90-140
2.7 dB
25 dB
1.4:1
WR-08
UG-387/U-M
*) IF-28/22/19/05 Faraday isolators can be produced upon special request
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
IF-06
110-170
3.3 dB
25 dB
1.5:1
WR-06
UG-387/U-M
97,5
98
Typical data of circulators/isolators presented in the plots below.
IF-06 Insertion losses vs. Frequency
IF-06 Isolation vs. frequency
110
0
120
130
140
150
160
170
110
-0,5
-5
-1
-10
130
140
150
160
-15
IL, dB
-1,5
IL, dB
120
0
-2
-20
-25
-2,5
-30
-3
-35
-3,5
-40
-4
-45
F, GHz
F, GHz
Specify Model Number CR/IS/IF-XX/CF/BW, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF- central frequency (GHz), nothing if full band
- BW – or operating range (GHz), nothing if full band
IS-10/94/1 ( W-band isolator, WR-10, Central frequency 94GHz, Bandwidth 1GHz)
CR-06/140/2 ( D-band circulator, WR-06, Central frequency 140GHz, Bandwidth 2GHz)
IF-06 ( D-band Faraday isolator, WR-06, full band 110-170GHz)
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
170
• Up to 220 GHz operating frequency
• (1.03…1.15) : 1 load VSWR
• >20:1 Short VSWR
• Wide band and narrow band units
• Compact size
• Easy mounting
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Subsystems and assembles
• Absolute calibration (cryogenic loads)
Matched (Cryogenic) loads consist of tapered absorbers within a waveguide section. Tunable Shorts have
micrometer screw to move short circuits plane and vary path length.
Standard line of ELVA-1’s matched loads ML-XX/CF/BW series provide low level of reflected
power within a narrow or full waveguide band.
Cryogenic loads CL-XX/BW are to be used for absolute calibration tests: radiometers, noise
souses, receivers, noise figure measurements. They can be narrow or full band as well.
The SC-XX tunable shorts ideally suit for precise adjusting of waveguide path length. Joined with
circulators CR-XX/CF/BW series create tunable phase shifter PS-XX/CF/BW.
Specify Model Number ML/CL/SC— XX/CF/BW, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF – central frequency (in GHz)
- BW – bandwidth (in GHz), are empty for full waveguide band
ML-10/94/2 (W-band matched load, WR-10, Central frequency 94GHz, Bandwidth 2GHz)
All ELVA-1 loads/shorts are warranted by the manufacturer for one year after receipt.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
High gain
High efficiency
Wide band operation
Low VSWR
• PtP and PMP radio links
• Radars
• Radio Astronomy
ELVA-1 has developed a low cost high performance microwave antennas to meet needs of the
broadband market. These antennas are dual reflector Cassegrain type ECA - XX series. Antennas of ECA
- XX series are available for frequencies from 26.5GHz to 140GHz with reflector diameters ranging from
100mm to 600mm. The gain is up to 53dBi depending upon the frequency. The main reflector has a
highly accurate surface and is designed from aluminium. The subreflector is a machined aluminium
hyperboloid or ellipsoid, which is rigidly supported by special plastic cylinder.
These antennas are designed to have minimal cross-section to reduce aperture blockage, and hence
produce low sidelobe levels (typically 18dB). Typical VSWR is 1.25:1. The gain of the antenna depends
upon its diameter. The antenna feed is a circular waveguide of appropriate diameter with an optional
circular-to-rectangular transition.
Custom band antennas for 110-170 GHz are also available by special orders. Each antenna can be
shipped with antenna bracket and radome as standard options.
for Cassegrain antenna ECA - XX series.
Ka band. 26,5-40 GHz
Part No
ECA-Ka-X-100
ECA-Ka-X-200
ECA-Ka-X-300
ECA-Ka-X-450
ECA-Ka-X-600
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
600
Gain
dB,(typ)
26.3
32.7
36.4
40.9
42.9
Bandwidth in deg. at
3dB level (typ)
6.0
2.9
2.0
1.3
0.9
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
VSWR (typ)
1.40
1.35
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
X=3
Frequency Band (GHz)
26.0-28.5
28.5-33.0
33.0-38.5
38.5-43.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.328
0.281
0.250
0.219
Flange
UG-381/U
UG-381/U
UG-381/U
UG-381/U
WR-28
UG-599/U
UG-381/U
UG-600
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
26,5-40
X=28
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
Q band. 33-50 GHz
Part No
Diameter of main
Gain
Bandwidth in deg. at
reflector (mm)
dB,(typ)
3dB level (typ)
100
28.3
4.8
ECA-Q-X-100
200
34.6
2.3
ECA-Q-X-200
300
38.5
1.6
ECA-Q-X-300
450
42.9
1.0
ECA-Q-X-450
600
44.9
0.7
ECA-Q-X-600
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
VSWR (typ)
1.40
1.35
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
33.0-38.5
38.5-43.0
43.0-50.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.250
0.219
0.188
Flange
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
WR-22
UG-383/U
TRG719
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
33-50
X=22
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
U band. 40-60 GHz
Part No
Diameter of main
Gain
Bandwidth in deg. at
reflector (mm)
dB,(typ)
3dB level (typ)
100
32.0
3.9
ECA-U-X-100
200
38.2
2.0
ECA-U-X-200
300
41.7
1.3
ECA-U-X-300
450
44.8
0.9
ECA-U-X-450
600
46.4
0.7
ECA-U-X-600
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
VSWR (typ)
1.35
1.30
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
38.5-43.0
43.0-50.0
50.0-58.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.219
0.188
0.165
Flange
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
WR-19
UG-383/U
TRG720
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
X=19
40-60
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
V band. 50-75 GHz
Part No
Diameter of main
Gain
Bandwidth in deg. at
reflector (mm)
dB,(typ)
3dB level (typ)
100
34.0
3.1
ECA-V-X-100
200
39.7
1.5
ECA-V-X-200
300
42.4
1.0
ECA-V-X-300
450
45.4
0.7
ECA-V-X-450
600
47.5
0.5
ECA-V-X-600
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
VSWR (typ)
1.3
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
50.0-58.0
58.0-68.0
68.0-77.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.165
0.141
0.125
Flange
UG-385/U
UG-385/U
UG-385/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
50-75
WR-15
X=15
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
UG-385/U
E band. 60-90 GHz
Part No
Diameter of main
Gain
Bandwidth in deg. at
reflector (mm)
dB,(typ)
3dB level (typ)
100
34.4
2.6
ECA-E-X-100
200
39.9
1.3
ECA-E-X-200
300
43.5
0.9
ECA-E-X-300
450
46.6
0.6
ECA-E-X-450
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
VSWR (typ)
1.30
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=1
X=2
X=3
Frequency Band (GHz)
68.0-77.0
77.0-87.0
87.0-100.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.125
0.110
0.094
Flange
UG-387/U
UG-387/U
UG-387/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
60-90
WR-12
X=12
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
UG-387/U
W band. 75-110 GHz
Part No
Diameter of main
Gain
Bandwidth in deg. at
reflector (mm)
dB,(typ)
3dB level (typ)
100
35.7
2.1
ECA-W-X-100
200
41.7
1.0
ECA-W-X-200
300
45.0
0.7
ECA-W-X-300
450
48.0
0.5
ECA-W-X-450
600
50.0
0.4
ECA-W-X-600
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
VSWR (typ)
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
77.0-87.0
87.0-100.0
100.0-112.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.110
0.094
0.082
Flange
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
75-110
WR-10
X=10
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
UG-387/U-M
F band. 90-140 GHz
Part No
Diameter of main
Gain
Bandwidth in deg. at
reflector (mm)
dB,(typ)
3dB level (typ)
100
37.0
1.7
ECA-F-X-100
200
42.6
0.9
ECA-F-X-200
300
45.9
0.6
ECA-F-X-300
450
48.0
0.5
ECA-F-X-450
Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max)
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular
Information for Ordering : X= Number for type of feed waveguide
VSWR (typ)
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
X=3
Frequency Band (GHz)
87.0-100.0
100.0-112.0
112.0-125.0
125.0-140.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.094
0.082
0.075
0.067
Flange
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:
90-140
WR-8
X=8
Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range
UG-387/U-M
Specify Model Number ECA-A-X-BBB
A- waveguide band
X - waveguide type
BBB – size of main reflector
To order antenna meets the following specification: operation frequency 75-110 GHz, in WR-10
waveguide band with 300mm of main reflector, should be ordered as
ECA -W-10-300
All ELVA-1 antennas are warranted for one year after receipt.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High performance
• Low VSWR
• Rectangular or Circular Waveguide
• Compact size
• Antenna test system
• Radiometry
• Radars
Elva’s SLHA series of standard gain lens horn antennas cover the frequency range of 18 to
220 GHz in ten waveguide bands. They can be issued with rectangular or circular waveguide. Lens
technology significantly allows decreasing mechanical sizes of horns and correcting beam for the best
performance. These horns are ideal solution for measurement gain of other antennas, short range radars
and radiometers.
Part No.
SLHA-K
SLHA-Ka
SLHA-Q
SLHA-U
SLHA-V
SLHA-E
SLHA-W
SLHA-F
SLHA-D
SLHA-G
Frequency
GHz
18-26,5
26,5-40
33-50
40-60
50-75
60-90
75-110
90-140
110-170
140-220
Waveguide
Flange
WR-42
WR-28
WR-22
WR-19
WR-15
WR-12
WR-10
WR-08
WR-06
WR-05
UG-595/U
UG-599/U
UG-383/M
UG-383/U-M
UG-383/U-M
UG-387/U
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
Gain,
dB
>25
>25
>25
>25
>25
>25
>25
>25
>25
>25
Return
loss, dB
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
*The models up to 400GHz are available upon request.
Outline Drawing.
L
D
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
D,
mm
118
80
66
53
42
35
28
22
19
17
L,
mm
165
115
95
76
59
50
40
32
27
23
• High performance
• Low VSWR
• Corrugated
• Lens solution
• GOLA
• Rectangular or Circular Waveguide
• Antenna test system
• Radiometry
• Radars
Elva-1 would offer different antennas upon custom’s request. Please specify parameters below and
we propose you optimized solution for your task.
-
Operation frequency
Gain
Side lobs level
E&H matching
Beam width at 10dB level
Cross polarisation
• Horn antennas
• Lens horn Antennas
• Gauss Optic Lens Antennas
• Corrugated horns
• Focused Lens Antennas
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• 0.01-220 GHz operating frequency
• High sensitivity
• Up to 55 dB dynamic range (0.1uW-30mW)
• Small measuring time (< 1 sec)
• RS-232, GPIB interface
• SCPI protocol
• Measurements of power level of mm-wave signal
• Test equipment
The DPM-xx is a single-channel average power meter for RF to millimeter wave frequencies that
measures absolute power from 10 MHz to 220 GHz.
DPM-xx Power Meters display measured power in milliWatts, microWatts or dBm, and also
display the user-entered signal frequency in GHz. Easy operation is ensured with automatic zeroing,
automatic sensor recognition and a calculation factor table stored in the memory of each power sensor.
Their compact size, precise accuracy, reliability and inexpensive pricing make our DPM-xx Power
Meters attractive assets for design engineering, equipment manufacturing, field engineering and research.
ELVA-1’s ZBD-series Zero-Biased Detectors are used as the power sensors for our DPM Power
Meters.To cover the range from 10MHz to 220GHz band, we offer one coaxial (10 MHz-26.5 GHz) and
9 waveguide power sensors (26.5-220 GHz in waveguide bands), sold separately.
Based on Schottky Barrier Diode technology, our ZBD power sensors provide high sensitivity,
fast measurement speed and quick response to changes of input power. To extend the dynamic range of
diode power sensors above their square law region, a correction factor is used. The amplitude and
frequency curves for each individually-calibrated power sensor are stored in the sensor’s EEPROM.
When a sensor is connected to a DPM control/display unit, the control/display unit automatically
recognizes that sensor’s characteristics. The typical curves for amplitude and frequency transfer
characteristics at W-band are shown on the reverse.
Measured average power is displayed on a 2-line LCD screen, at a measurement rate of 2 times
per second or faster. For power measurements below 10-100mW (depending on frequency band), each
sensor is supplied with a full-band isolator. For power measurements above those levels (as high as
300mW-1Watt), optional directional couplers are available.
Every DPM-xx is equipped with an RS-232 port for control and measurement data exchange with
a PC. An internal GPIB interface board is available as an added option. On special request we can also
provide a dual channel power meter of DPMD-XX series with two independent measurement channels. A
Since the control/display unit and power sensors are sold separately, customers only need one
DPM control/display unit to interface with all 10 of our sensors. To obtain power measurements over a
multi-waveguide frequency range, order one DPM control/display unit and several adjacent-band sensors.
Because the standard ELVA-1 DPM control/display unit is a single-channel meter, only one power sensor
can be used at one time.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
DPM-XX Key Features and Specifications:
- Display readings: milliWatts, microWatts or dBm
- Maximum measuring rate: up to 50 times per second, default 2 times per second (set at factory)
- Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 220 GHz
- Min. measured Power: 0.1 microWatt (depending on frequency band)
- Dynamic Measurement Range: 55dB max. (depending on frequency band)
- Frequency step: 10 MHz
- SCPI or ELVA’s command protocol
- RS-232, GPIB interface
- Calibration accuracy ±0.04 dB (log) or ±1%
- Power Sensor Calibration: Individually calibrated, with amplitude and frequency curves in flash
memory
- If a valid signal frequency is not entered before measuring power, maximum measurement error
will be ±1.5dB for Ka, Q, U, V bands, ±2.0dB for E, W bands, and ±2.5dB for F, D bands, based
on calibration curve flatness.
MODEL NUMBER
Frequency Band and Range,
GHz
Input Waveguide/Impedance
DPM-C DPM - DPM -22 DPM 28
19
Ka
0.01- 26.5-40
26.5
Q
33-50
50 Ohm WR-28 WR-22
Coaxial
SMA,
Wavequide Flange/Connector male
U
40-60
WR19
DPM
-15
DPM
-12
DPM
-10
DPM
-08
DPM - DPM06
05
V
50-75
E
60-90
W
F
D
G
75-110 90-140 110-170 140-220
WR-15 WR-12 WR-10 WR-08 WR-06 WR-05
UG599/U
UG383/U
UG383/UM
UG385/U
UGUGUGUGUG387/U 387/U- 387/U- 387/U- 387/U-M
M
M
M
Dynamic Range, dB (max)
50
55
55
55
55
55
55
55
50
40
Min Measured Power Level,
dBm
-33
-43
-43
-43
-43
-43
-40
-40
-35
-25
Measurement Rate (default),
times per sec
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1.2:1
1.3:1
1.3:1
1.3:1
1.3:1
1.4:1
1.4:1
1.4:1
1.4:1
1.7:1
VSWR (power sensor)
Available operating power options: 220 VAC, 110/100 VAC, or battery power (for portable version).
Specify Model Number DPM-XX /P/V, where
- XX – number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- P- max input power (mW), exceeded power level can burn a sensor
- V – power supply voltage (Volts) or B if portable version with batteries
DPM-10/20/220 (W-band power meter, WR-10, operating frequency band 75-110GHz, max
power level 20 mW, 220VAC supply voltage)
DPM-15/10/110 (V-band power meter, WR-15, operating frequency band 50-75GHz, max power
level 10 mW, 110VAC supply voltage)
DPM-06/30/B (D-band power meter, WR-06, operating frequency band 110-170GHz, max power
level 30 mW, portable version)
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High performance
• Real time measurement
• GPIB control
• Original Software
• Full waveguide frequency operation
• Time window analyze 10ms
• Gyrotron frequency measurement
• Plasma diagnostics
When millimeter-wave applications came into many domains of human activity, a need for precise
measurements of signal frequency spectrum has become critical. This need is quite understandable when,
for example, it concerns to exploring extraterrestrial radio-sources or micro/mm-wave background
emission in radio-astronomy, or measuring chemical composition of the atmosphere through the
molecular emission of different its components, plasma diagnostics or many military applications.
Moreover, in some cases the spectrum measurements have to be implemented in the real time scale. For
example, the high temperature plasma physics research is just the case because of short plasma life time
in experimental devices and poor plasma parameter reproducibility from discharge to discharge; also it is
important for plasma feedback control purposes. As well, the real time spectrum measurements are very
needed in electronic warfare applications, such as object recognizing or electronic countermeasures to
millimeter-wave weapons. However, real time broad band analyzers with direct frequency spectrum
measuring continue to be a rare bird in catalogues of leading world manufacturers of mm-wave products.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Operation frequency range, GHz
IF Bandwidth, MHz
Basic frequency resolution, MHz
Minimum time of the spectrum analysis, ms
Minimum time of single frequency measurement, ms
Power of the input signal, mW
Quartz Calibrator Frequencies
Calibrator Stability
Voltage of the output video signal, V
Input waveguide
Input waveguide flange
Supply
V, W,F or D band
4-16.5
operation bandwidth / 4096
10
0.0024
1 to 1000
built-in
1 ppm
0 to 5
standard according to frequency
standard UG- series
100-240V AC
Software short screens.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• GPS stability and accuracy
• Compact sizes
• High precision frequency measurement
• World standard frequency references
Elva-1 specially designed GPS synchronized mm-wave frequency meter GPSFC-xx series. This
solution allows to provide independent frequency measurement in different laboratories with absolute
accuracy.
Block-diagram of the frequency meter.
User Interface
Output analog or digital
Frequency range
TTL control
IF/200MHz
IN
Micro
controller
Counter 24 bits
100 MHz
LNA
With AGC
IF
GPS
Antenna
Synthesizer
Fr=12-18 GHz
10 MHz
LO
Harmonic
Mixer x N
RF
GPS
Module
Mm-wave frequency meter GPSFC-xx series can be designed for operation in 26-170GHz
frequency range. Frequency window analyze for one frequency point of reference synthesizer 12-18 GHz
is (Fr x N)+/-0.1 GHz. By switching the reference synthesizer user could cover all desired frequency
band. User control and output interfaces could be adapted according to customer’s specification.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
As an example below specification for GPSFC-94/0.1 with analog output is presented:
Electrical Specifications.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input frequency range ‘M0’:
Input frequency range ‘M1’:
Input frequency range ‘M2’:
Frequency Control:
Control signal:
Input power:
Input w/g:
Output:
Sensitivity (typ):
Integration time:
Output connector:
Input / output for HM:
Supply:
Operation temperature:
93.86 +/-0.102 GHz;
93.94 +/-0.102 GHz;
93.96 +/-0.102 GHz;
2 bits;
TTL;
-10…+3 dBm;
WR-10, UG-387/U-M;
0 - +10V (see measured data);
0,010524 GHz/V;
1sec;
BNC;
SMA(f) / BNC
+9…+18 VDC @ 1.5A;
-25 ... +60°C
Mechanical Specifications
•
•
Size
Weight
220x145x55 mm;
2 kg.
Plot with dependence Output voltage vs Input frequency and switched range
Range M0
Output voltage vs frequency
Range M0
Range M1
10
Range M1
Range M2
9
Range M2
8
6
5
4
3
2
1
Input frequency, GHz
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
94,1
94,09
94,08
94,07
94,06
94,05
94,04
94,03
94,02
94
94,01
93,99
93,98
93,97
93,96
93,95
93,94
93,93
93,92
93,9
93,91
93,89
93,88
93,87
93,86
93,85
93,84
93,83
93,8
93,82
93,81
93,79
93,78
93,77
93,76
0
93,75
Output voltage, V
7
• Narrow beam
• Operation into dusty and smog
•
•
•
•
• Distance operation up 500m
• High resolution
Mines
Cement and other dusty manufactories
Ground control in airports and other facilities
Avoid collision systems
FMCW 94/10/x Millimeter Wave Distance Sensor (option X: 100 - 600mm Cassegain antenna) is
a high-accuracy non-contact level measurement of large volumes of bulk materials in hoppers and silos at
minerals and chemical industries. The examples of use are hard-rock mines, cement hoppers, and other
bunkers with adverse environmental conditions such as dust, corrosive gas, fog, high level noise. The
Distance Sensor can also be used for liquid level measurement at huge industrial tanks where there is a
fuzzy edge of liquid because of foam or vapor. The example of that application is volume measurement in
tanks at large breweries.
The Distance Sensor is based on millimeter wave FMCW (frequency-modulated continuous wave)
radar principles. It is free from laser, acoustic, and microwave radar shortcomings. It is characterized by a
narrow beam that's good for enclosed areas like ore passes, because of 94 GHz FMCW radar operational
frequency that is equivalent to 3mm wave length, the sensor provides an excellent penetration of dust and
water vapour. The Distance Sensor works well even with a dust sticking on antenna. With a narrow beam,
the Distance Sensor can build a precise surface profile at a hopper (mechanical scanning required). The
operation range of Distance Sensor is 500m, that allowing using it at deep mines, where typical passes are
up to 300m but rarely even longer.
To facilitate installation, mounting and alignment at field condition, the sensor is built as two
modules; a front end and a separate signal processor connected by a shielded cable. A local graphics
display and keypad are incorporated into the control unit. The front end and antenna are housed in robust
metal case. The signal processor and power supplies are built into a commercially available housing with
signal access via cable glands.
To use Distance Sensor within complete data acquisition system on an enterprise, the sensor has
RS-485 interface using MODBUS protocol RJ-45 socket made in dust and moisture-proof embodiment.
The radar transmitter at the Distance Sensor complies with international safety regulations.
Distance Sensor Performance
Distance Sensor resolution
Range of heights of Sensor position above the surface of material
Main reflector diameter size
Distance Sensor radar transmitter emission power
Distance Sensor radar operating frequency
Power supply voltage
Distance Sensor radar power consumption
Operation mode
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
0.005 m
0.6 to 500 m
300 and 600 mm
10 mW
94 GHz
+18 - +36 DCV opt.110/220V AC
20W
CW
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Distance Sensor Head Specification
Sweep Range, MHz
505.472 962686326
Sweep time, ms
12.285
Interface protocol
IP 192.168.1.1
Sampling rate
4096 points per 12.285 ms
Data range
14 bits
Power supply voltage
External Power supply
Enclosure
IP65
Communication connector
RJ-45
Ambient temperature
-30 to +50°С
Atmospheric pressure
84.0-106.7 kPa (630-800 Torr)
Relative humidity at 35°С and lower, no more than
95%
Vibration amplitude at 5Hz to 25Hz band, no more than
0.1mm
Controller NZ6100 Specifications
20 digits, 4.75 mm height
Display
4 lines Liquid Crystal Display
Power LED
Indicators
85-265 VAC, 47-63Hz, 15W
Control Unit Power Supply
optionally +18 - +36 DCV
27 keys including 8/18 function keys
Membrane Keypad
Communications:
RS-485 or TBD
Communication protocols
MODBUS RTU
Outline Drawing.
620
240
120
210
LINK
8
9
0
F1 F2
4
5
6
,
Esc
1
2
3
370
7
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
370
ACT
ENTER
PWR
320
130
340
140
440
620
320
• High accuracy
• On-line measurement
• High directivity with small antennas
• Portability
• Environmental safety
• Equipped with antennas by customer's
choice
• Ground control in airports and other facilities
• Avoid collision systems
• Precise distance measurement in dusty and/or humid
atmosphere
• Level sensing for any materials and liquids in huge tanks with
foam/vapour
• Robotic sensors
Block Diagram of FMCW-10/94 front end module.
Frequency
Multiplier x13
Isolator
Bandpass
Filter
Power
Divider
Circulator
To Antenna
Balanced
Mixer
7.23 GHz Power
Amplifier
7.23 GHz VCO
IF
Amplifier
Frequency
Control
Output
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Centre Frequency:
Radar front-end wattage
Frequency Stability:
Sweep Range:
Minimal Sweeping Time:
Linearity:
Tuning Sensitivity:
Output RF Power:
Reverse Isolation:
IF Frequency:
RF to IF Gain:
Waveguide/Flange:
IF and Frequency Control Connector:
DC Power:
Mass:
Operating Temperature:
94 GHz
10mW
5*10(-6) 1°/C
200 MHz (min)
100 μSec
0.7% (max)
>50 MHz/V
+10 dBm (min)
17 dB (min)
4 kHz to 2 MHz
32 dB (typ)
WR-10 / UG-387/U-M
SMA (f)
+12V/300mA, -12V/50mA +27V/200mA/(+500mA heater)
1200 gram (max)
-40 to +70 deg
US Sales Office: Gilland Electronics
Tel: 408-778-9049
e-mail: [email protected]
Outline Drawing.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High accuracy
• Compact sized
• High directivity with small antennas
• Equipped with antennas by customer's
choice
•
•
•
•
Robotic sensors
Instruments and test equipment
Subsystems and assembles
Industrial quality assurance and process
controlling systems
Model No
RF frequency
Transmitter output power
Receiver conversion loss
Noise figure
IF bandwidth
Outputs
IF LNA gain
Antenna 3 dB beamwidth
Antenna gain
Antenna side lob level
Polarization
Spurious and harmonics
ΔF/ΔT
ΔP/ΔT
DC bias
Operation Temperature
Dimensions
DSP-24/30
24.150 GHz
30 mW
5 dB (typical)
8 dB
0.1 to 700 kHz
IQ
20 dB
12 degrees
18dB
-22 dB (maximum)
right hand circular
-40 dBc
0.10 MHz/°C
0.01 dB/°C
DSP-24/100
24.150 GHz
100 mW
5 dB (typical)
9 dB
0.1 to 700 kHz
IQ
20 dB
12 degrees
18dB
-22 dB (maximum)
right hand circular
-40 dBc
0.10 MHz/°C
0.01 dB/°C
+5.0 V / 100 mA
+5.0 V / 120 mA
-20 - +65C
See drawing
-20 - +65C
See drawing
DSP-94/5
94.0 GHz
5 mW
12 dB (typical)
20 dB
0.1 to 700 kHz
IQ
20 dB
Upon request
linear
-60 dBc
0.10 MHz/°C
0.01 dB/°C
+12V / 100 mA
+24V / 250 mA
-20 - +65C
Cylinder 50/75mm
Outline Drawings
DSP-24/xx.
DSP-94/5
View onto
Ground
Output IF2
Power
50
70
Output IF1
75
135
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• Powerful incoherent source
• 1 Watt typical output power
• High stability
•
•
•
•
•
• 5GHz white noise spectrum
• No high voltage supply required
• Compact solid state source
Ground control in airports and other facilities
Avoid collision systems
Precise distance measurement in dusty and/or humid atmosphere
Level sensing for any materials and liquids in huge tanks with foam/vapour
Robotic sensors
High power pulse noise source PNS series is used for the illumination of target. Noise nature of
probing signal avoids the problem of interference. Image obtained by means of noise radar allows to
recognize target better then the image obtained by means of coherent radar.
Block Diagram front end module.
Circulator transmitting/receiving
Noise Pulse Generator
~
Triggering
electronics
Antenna
Band pass filter
Protecting switch
IF amplifier
~
Mixer
CW Local Oscillator
Frequency
range, GHz
Bandwidth of
launched
radiation,
GHz
Pulse
duration, ns
Duty
factor
On/Off ratio
of the receiver
protecting
switch, dB
Power of
output
pulse, mW
80÷100
5.0
50-100
>100
30
500
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
ENR Flatness
within
launched
bandwidth,
dB
±1.5
Receiver noise
factor,
dB
7-9
•
•
•
•
•
Frequency band: 71-76/81-86 GHz; 40.5-43.5 GHz
1250 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet Interface
SNMP enabled version 1
True Full Duplex Operation
Secure communication due inability to intercept
the laser-like beam transmission at free air
Solid reliability with Fiber-like Performance
Distance ranges of up to 2.8 mile (4.7 km) at
10mm/h rain for 71-76/81-86 GHz frequency band
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Distance ranges of up to 4.5 mile (7.2 km) at
10mm/h rain for 40.5-43.5 GHZ frequency
band
Easily installed, Zero maintenance
Compact Cassegrain type antennas
Quasi-optical (laser-like) propagation of
millimeter wave emission
EMI interference free
Wi-Fi or mobile network backhaul
Business WAN
FSO backup
IP telephony gateway connections
Metropolitan area networks
Rapid-deployment emergency communications
Elva’s full-duplex Gigabit point-to-point link provides interconnection between remote LAN segments
at ultra high speed and utilizes Gigabit Ethernet protocol, which is the evolving standard for switches and
routers available from a variety of telecommunication equipment manufacturers. The PPC-1000 product has
1000 Base-SX connections at each end of the wireless link and transparently establishes the link outputs.
The resulting connection can replace a fiber-optics cable physically connected end-to-end. The wireless
mm-wave Gigabit link provides fiber equivalent performance, reliability and security but with no high
deployment cost associated with outdoor fiber installations.
Specify Model Number
PPC-1000 link with 60 cm antenna diameter and single mode fiber optic cable for 40.5 – 43.5 GHz
frequency band has product code PPC-1000-Q60/SM.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Frequency Band
Bandwidth
Capacity
Modulation Type
Allocated Bandwidth
Rx Sensitivity at BER 10^-6
Output Power
Max Distance with 60cm antenna
in clear sky
Max Distance with 60cm antenna
at 10 mm/h rain
Network Management
ECC E-band
71-76/81-86 GHz
ETSI Q-band
40.5-43.5 GHz
1250 Mbps Full duplex
QPSK
1250 MHz + 1250 MHz, 2.5 GHz in total
-87 dBW (-57dBm)
-94 dBW (-64dBm)
-13 dBW (17dBm, 50mW)
-12 dBW (18dBm, 60mW)
>20 km (12 mile)
>20 km (12 mile)
4.7 km (2.8 mile)
7.5 km (4.5 mile)
SNMP Enabled
Proprietary adapter in ODU with software application
(Windows 98/2000/XP/Vista)
150 000 hours
Remote Parameters Monitoring
MTBF
Data and Aux Interface
Ethernet Interface
Connector Type
Diagnostics Port
1000Base-LX10 (Single-mode fiber, 1310 nm wavelength, 10 km)
SC
RJ-45
Antenna
Antenna Type
Antenna Gain/Beamwidth
30 cm
45 cm
60 cm
Cassegrain type antenna with radome
43.5 dB/0.90
46.5 dB/0.60
50.0 dB/0.40
38.0 dB/1.60
42.0 dB/1.00
44.0 dB/0.70
Power / Environment
Power Supply AC
Transceiver Power Consuption
DC Power
Power Connection Ethernet / Power
connector
Operational Temperature
Humidity
Input 88-132 / 176-264 Volts, 50/60 Hz (with manual voltage range switch)
65 W (+15 W hearting)
36 to 60 Volts DC
IP-65
0
0
-40 C to 50 C / -400F to 1220F
Any Rate
Physical Dimensions
Outdoor unit size w/o antenna
Weight (ODU w/o antenna)
Complete set
330 x 350 x 460 mm
12 kg max
2 ODU + 2 antennas
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
2 ODU + 2 antennas
•
•
•
•
Frequency band: 40.5-43.5 GHz, 71-76/81-86 GHz
SNMP enabled version 1
True Full Duplex Operation
Secure communication due inability to intercept
the laser-like beam transmission at free air
• Solid reliability with Fiber-like Performance
• Distance ranges of up to 5 mile (7.9 km) at
350Mbps and 6.5 mile (10.9 km) at 80Mbps at
10mm/h rain for 40.5-43.5 GHZ frequency band
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Distance ranges of up to 3.3 mile
(5.5km) at 350Mbps and 4.5 mile
(7.5km) at 80Mbps at 10mm/h rain for
71-76/81-86 GHz frequency band
Easily installed, Zero maintenance
Compact Cassegrain type antennas
Quasi-optical (laser-like) propagation
of millimeter wave emission
EMI interference free
Wi-Fi or mobile network backhaul
Business WAN
FSO backup
IP telephony gateway connections
Metropolitan area networks
Rapid-deployment emergency communications
PPC-350 was specifically designed according to European ECC and US FCC performance
requirements.
Main feature of PPC-350 consists in possibility to adapt its data transmission speed to the current
weather conditions.
PPC-350 supports Adaptive Code and
Modulation (ACM) in which changers of coding rate
and modulation are set in real time, based on the link
conditions. This feature enables to increase radio link
availability.
When the link`s SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio)
is high (during good weather conditions), operation at
full capacity is enabled, reaching the maximum speed
of 350Mbps. In case that the link`s SNR drops
significantly (during heavy rain), the channel capacity
is reduced up to 80Mbps.
The figure shows radio bridge capacity varies due to
changers in SNR level.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Frequency Band
Bandwidth
Capacity
Modulation Type
Rx Sensitivity
Output Power
Max Distance with 60cm
antenna in clear sky
Max Distance with 60cm
antenna at 10 mm/h rain
Network Management
Remote Parameters Monitoring
Forward Error Correction
E-band
71-76/81-86 GHz
Q-band
40.5-43.5 GHz
up to 350 Mbps Full duplex
from QPSK to QAM-256
-73dBm at 80 Mbps
-69dBm at 350Mbps
16dBm (40mW)
13dBm (20mW)
at 80Mbps
at 350Mbps
>20 km (12 mile)
>20 km (12 mile)
at 80Mbps
at 350Mbps
7.5 km (4.5 mile)
7.9 km (5 mile)
at 80Mbps
at 350Mbps
SNMP Enabled
SNMP version 1
LDPC; Reed Solomon
-63dBm at 350Mbps
11dBm (16mW)
at 350Mbps
>20 km (12 mile)
at 350Mbps
5.5 km (3.3 mile)
at 350Mbps
-79dBm at 80 Mbps
18dBm (63mW)
at 80Mbps
>20 km (12 mile)
at 80Mbps
10.9 km (6.5 mile)
at 80Mbps
Data and Aux Interface
Ethernet Interface
Diagnostics Port
1000 Base-SX (Standard IEEE 802.3z/D.50-1998)
100 Base-SX
Antenna
Antenna Type
Antenna Gain/Beamwidth
at 60cm antenna diameter
Cassegrain type antenna with radome
50.0 dB/0.4
0
44.0 dB/0.70
Power / Environment
Power Supply AC
Transceiver Power Consuption
DC Power
Power Connection Ethernet /
Power connector
Operational Temperature
Humidity
Input 88-132 / 176-264 Volts, 50/60 Hz
35 W (+15 W hearting)
36 to 60 Volts DC
IP-65 [optional IP-68]
-400C to 500C / -400F to 1220F
Any Rate
Physical Dimensions
Outdoor unit size w/o antenna
Weight (ODU w/o antenna)
Complete set
330 x 350 x 460 mm
12 kg max
2 ODU + 2 antennas
To choose the right model by its product code
please use the following encoding schema:
PPC-350 link with 60 cm antenna diameter and single mode fiber optic cable for 40.5 – 43.5 GHz
frequency band has product code PPC-350-Q60/SM.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
•
•
•
•
432 TV-programs of broadcasting quality
3.24 Gbps per cell sector
DVB-S standard
L-band interface
• Digital TV and/or IP broadcasting in urban areas
City-1 operates in mm-wave frequencies, from 40.5 to 43.5GHz.
Operation principle
The City-1 system is based on DVB-S standard as
in satellite. TV/IP broadcasting. The only difference is a
frequency range. For full compatibility to satellite
equipment, City-1 transmitter and receiver have L-band
interface (IF= 950 to 2150 MHz). This allows using any
satellite equipment both at base station and receiver side.
Network topology
City-1 transmitter can be deployed on TV tower or any high tall
building. Transmitter range is up to 10 km, depending on a rain statistic in
an area.
Tx is equipped with 30, 45, 60, or
90° sector antenna. To cover all directions,
the cell topology is used. Depending on
antenna pattern, the cell can be formed from
4, 6, 8, or 12 sectors.
To cover larger territory, multiple cell can be deployed.
An example of frequency allocation plan
Let 40.5-43.5 GHz band is split in 39 MHz bands, like in Satellite broadcasting. We will have 72
bands of vertical polarization and 72 bands of horizontal polarization. Each 39 MHz band is equivalent to
satellite “transponder’, i.e. can carry 6 TV-channels of broadcasting quality or 45 Mbps data stream.
Operator can use from 1 to 72 bands in any sector, according to his needs. It is important that due
to quasi-optical propagation in 40 GHz, the same frequencies can be used in all cell sectors and in all
cells. To avoid interference at sector margins, it is enough to use different polarization in adjacent sectors.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Capacity
As fixed polarization can be used in any cell sector, the sector capacity is 72*6 = 432 TV channels
or 72*45 = 3240 Mbps. The capacity of 12-sector cell is more than 5000 TV-channels or 40.000 Mbps.
The total capacity of the system depends on cell quantity.
Transmitter
City-1 Transmitter is a low-noise up-converter from 1500 MHz to 40.5-43.5 GHz band.
Transmitter can transmit up to 4 DVB-S streams. But it should be mentioned that increasing
carrier number leads to decreasing of cell radius (due to decreasing of power/carrier ratio and a crosstalk).
So if you need to maximize the cell radius, it is better to use separate transmitter for each DVB-S stream.
Transmitter is supplied with horn antenna of 30, 45, 60 or 90 degrees beam width. Transmitter
powered with 48-60 VDC, 2A.
Multi-channel transmitter
Multi-channel transmitter is to provide the maximum cell
radius transmitting multiple DVB-S
streams. It consists of multiple single-channel transmitters mounted
in single case.
Receiver
City-1 Receiver is a down-converter from 40.5-43.5 GHz
band to L-band (950-2150 MHz). It has completely the same
interface as Satellite converter (except it operates in fixed
polarization). Receiver can be connected to any standard Satellite
STB or receiver card with a coax cable. It consumes 18 VDC over a
coax.
Receiver is supplied with 30, 45 or 60 cm reflector-type
antenna.
IP-broadcasting
DVB-S standard is used in City-1 for IP broadcasting.
To create DVB/IP stream, IP encapsulator and DVB-S modulator should be used at the base
station.
To receive DVB/IP stream, any satellite data receiver can be used. For example, DVB-router, that
has Lband input and Fast Ethernet output. It can be connected to LAN directly. A return channel to
Internet in City-1 can be organized in any alternative manner.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
TV-broadcasting: Choice 1
An operator can use 2 different ways to broadcast TV in City-1. The simplest one is TV over
DVB, like in satellite TV. To retransmit a Satellite transponder you can take it from any standard satellite
converter, single out one transponder with, for example, ALCAD converter, and forward it directly to
City-1 transmitter. To receive DVB stream, a customer can use any standard satellite TV receiver. To
connect it to City-1 receiver, a coax cable with 2 GHz band should be used. To use existing narrow-band
coax, QPSK/QAM or QPSK/PAL trans modulators should be installed at receiver side. To broadcast
DVB-ASI/SPI stream, DVB-S modulator should be used.
TV broadcasting. Choice 2.
An alternative way of TV broadcasting is TV over IP over DVB. In this case TV is transmitted
like other data. If digital TV to broadcast is available in Internet, IP encapsulator and DVB-S modulator
should be installed at the base station.
At a customer side any standard Satellite data receiver can be used to extract TV/IP stream from
DVB and forward it to LAN. Customers should use TV/IP receivers to view a TV on their TV sets. This
way simplifies a house distribution system. The simplest Fast Ethernet network provides both data and
TV distribution.
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
Video on demand
VoD transmission is completely the same as TV over IP broadcasting. Video can be stored on a
disk array. After IP-encapsulation and DVB-S modulation, Video forwards to a City-1 transmitter. At
customer side video converts to an IP-stream, that can be viewed on a computer or with a help of TV/IP
receiver.
General
Frequency range
Bandwidth
TV-channels
Data capacity
Sectors in cell
Range (90° sector, 30 cm
terminal antenna,
5mmph rain rate)
Environment
Transmitter
40.5-43.5 GHz
39 MHz * channels
Number
Up to 432 per a cell
sector
3240 Mbps per a cell
sector
4, 6, 8, or 12
7.5 km
-45 °C .. +50 °C
Receiver
RF Bandwidth
Polarization
Cross-polarization
factor
Noise figure
HF/RF gain
IF
LO stability
Antenna
Power
Mounting
Dimensions (without
antenna)
Weight
Alignment: - vertical
- horizontal
RF Bandwidth
Output power
Polarization
Phase noise
Unwanted emission:
30 MHz .. 21.2 ГГц
21.2 GHz .. 40.5 GHz
43.5 GHz .. 43.5 GHz
43.5 GHz .. 80 GHz
IF
1200 MHz
Vertical/Horizontal
20 dB
8 dB
35 dB
950-2150 MHz
+-2.5 MHz
30 cm/38 dB/1.6°
45 cm/42 dB/1.0°
60 cm/44 dB/0.7°
18 V, 250 mA
On vertical pipe 40~70
mm diameter
Input noise
Antenna
Power
Dimensions
Weight
Mounting
Alignment: - vertical
- horizontal
Diam. 75х 150 mm
2 kg
+/-20°
360°
Please apply with your request to ELVA- 1 office: [email protected]
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
200 MHz
22 dBm Psat min
Vertical/Horizontal
<-51 dB/Hz at 1 kHz
offset
<-81 dB/Hz at 10 kHz
offset
< - 90 dBW
< - 60 dBW
< - 80 dBW
< - 60 dBW
1250-1750 MHz, 10
dBm
QPSK modulation Ntype connector
<- 55 dBc in 4kHz band
90°x10°, 16 dB
60°x10°, 17 dB
45°x10°, 18 dB
30°x10°, 20 dB
54 VDC, 2A
288х242х120 mm,
antenna: 140 х diam.85
5 kg
On vertical pipe 40~70
mm diameter
+/-25°
360°
• Up to 220 GHz operating frequency
• High sensitivity
• Low noise factor
• Multi channel radiometers
• Sweeping radiometers
• Custom design
ELVA-1 radiometers for plasma diagnostic are worldwide
known product. The custom designed ECE radiometers have been
installed at lots of Tokamaks:
- JET Tokamak, UK
- TCV Tokamak, Switzerland
Receiver module of Radiometer
- TCABR Tokamak, Brazil
- FTU Tokamak, Italy
- CASTOR Tokamak, Czech Republic
- Southwestern Institute of Physics, China
Inside view of E-band front-end of
Radiometer for Castor Tokamak
Parameter\Tokamak
Type
Operating frequency, GHz
Channel Number
Noise factor,
dB (typ)
Output frequency
Putting into operation
JET/KK3
Front-End
69-139
6
JET/KK3
Front-End
139-206
6
TCV
Multi-channel
78-114
24
TCABR
Sweeping
52-85
1
FTU
Multi-channel
113-153
32
9-12
12-15
15-20
15
15-22
6-18 GHz
2001
6-18 GHz
2008
40 kHz
2000
1 MHz
2002
1 MHz
2000
Please apply with your request to ELVA- 1 office: [email protected]
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
• High performance
• High sensitivity
• Fixed frequency
•
•
•
Ultrafast scan 10mks
Full band operation
Original software for temperature profile
Elva-1 supplies different solutions for measurement density and temperature profiles of plasma.
Our systems are installed practically on all TOKAMAKs over the World.
Below presented typical solution for ultrafast 10 mks full W-band scan reflectometer.
fo+0.1GHz
Oscillator
12.5-18.8 GHz
analog driver
Power
Divider
Power
Amplifier
SSMB
-10dBm
Quarz
100 MHz
Passive
Active
Power
Amplifier
Multiplier
x2
+10dBm
+10dBm
Horns
Power
Amplifier
Multiplier
X3
Output
75-110 GHz
10-11 dBm
(fo+0.1)x6
+23dBm
3dBm
Power
Amplifier
Power
Amplifier
Multiplier
x2
Multiplier
X3
Power
Amplifier
Balanced
Mixer
Multiplier x6
LNA
40 dB
IQ
Detector
BPF
600 MHz
ON / OFF
Radiometer
regime
Reflectometer
Sin/Cos outputs
Trigger pulse
ADC
ADC
Control Voltage
for VCO
Ethernet
PC IP
DAC
Micro Controller
Please send request to [email protected] and we propose you optimized solution
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
PC
• Up to 170 GHz operating frequency
• High sensitivity
• High frequency stability
• Low phase noises
• Amplitude/phase modulation
• Custom design
ELVA-1 produces mm-wave bridges and components for EPR
spectrometers. Lots of scientific laboratories in the world use ELVA-1’s
products in their EPR experiments:
- Cornell University, USA
- Free University, Germany
- Osnabrueck University, Germany
- Weizmann Institute, Israel
- Ioffe FTI, Russia
CW: (CW + AM (amplitude modulation))
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Specs Parameters
Central frequency
Central frequency stability
Operating frequency range (any fixed frequencies for
DROs and tunable frequencies for VCO)
frequency stability
Spectrum width @ -3 dB level
Max mm-wave power
Power stability
FM noise @ 10 kHz
AM noise @ 10 kHz
Attenuation of output power
Min switching time of amplitude modulation of output
signal (10% to 90 % and 90% to 10% power level)
Noise figure of receiver section
Max gain of receiver section
Receiver section bandwidth
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
W-band
95 GHz
30 kHz / hour (using DRO)
400 MHz (95GHz+/0.2GHz)
10-6 per °C
<1 kHz
Up to 250 mW
0.02 dB per °C
-100 dBc/Hz max
-140dBc/Hz max
60 dB
5 nsec (5*10-9 sec) max,
3-4 ns typical
12 dB
50 dB
200 MHz
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
D-band
130 GHz
30 kHz / hour (using DRO)
400 MHz (130GHz+/0.2GHz)
10-6 per °C
<1 kHz
Up to 50 mW
0.02 dB per °C
-100 dBc/Hz max
-140dBc/Hz max
50 dB
5 nsec (5*10-9 sec)
14 dB
50 dB
200 MHz
Pulse: (CW + AM + PM 0-90 deg., 0-180 deg. (phase modulation))
N
1
2
3
Specs Parameters
Central frequency
Central frequency stability
4
5
Spectrum width @ -3 dB level
6
7
8
Max power
Changing of pulse output power
Changing of output power of
CW channel
Min duration of output pulses at amplitude modulation
of output power
Min switching time by 2PSK modulation of output
signal
Accuracy of 180 deg phase shift keeping for 2PSK
Microwave power suppression during a pause between
pulses
Switching time up to max suppression level
Noise figure of receiver section
Max gain of receiver section
Receiver section bandwidth
Total phase drift
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Operating frequency range
Power of amplitude noise
W-band
95 GHz
30 kHz / hour
400 MHz (95 GHz+/0.2GHz)
<1 kHz
-140 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz
offset
Up to 250 mW
60 dB
D-band
130 GHz
40 kHz / hour
400 MHz (130 GHz +/0.2GHz)
1 kHz
-140 dBc/Hz @ 100 kHz
offset
Up to 50 mW
50 dB
120 dB
100 dB
10 nsec (10-8 sec)
10 nsec (10-8 sec)
5 nsec (5*10-9 sec)
5 nsec (5*10-9 sec)
1 degree
1 degree
100 dB
100 dB
<10 nsec
12 dB
50 dB
200 MHz
5 degrees / 15min
10 nsec
14 dB
50 dB
200 mHz
5 degrees / 15 min
EPR spectrometer life time (projected): about 30000 operating hours
Fig. The 92.2GHz frequency multiplier and up-converter below are key parts of high stable
low phase noise mm-wave source for EPR spectrometer.
Please apply with your request to ELVA- 1 office: [email protected]
U.S. customers, forward your requests to the U.S. Sales Office: [email protected]
US Sales Office:
Tel: 408-778-9049
Gilland Electronics
e-mail: [email protected]
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