Manual Software
proNAS 3.1
Configuration Guide
Revision 1.0
proNAS 3.1
Table of Contents
Preface ..................................................................................................... 4
Chapter 1
Introduction ................................................................................ 5
1.1
Key Features ..................................................................................... 5
1.2
Technical Specifications ........................................................................ 6
Chapter 2
Getting Started With proNAS 3.1 ....................................................... 9
2.1
Prepare to Setup NAS .......................................................................... 9
2.2
Login NAS Management Webpage by Using Web Browser .............................. 9
2.3
Setup and Installation ........................................................................ 11
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.4
Quick Setup ............................................................................ 11
Manually Initializing the NAS Step by Step ........................................ 13
Connecting to the NAS Share Folder via Network ....................................... 15
Chapter 3
System Management.................................................................... 17
3.1
Basic Layout of NAS Management GUI .................................................... 17
3.2
Top Shortcut Bar .............................................................................. 19
3.3
System Monitoring ............................................................................ 21
3.3.1 System Information ................................................................... 21
3.3.2 Resource Monitor ...................................................................... 22
3.3.3 System Log ............................................................................. 23
3.4 System Manager .............................................................................. 24
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.4.7
3.4.8
3.5
Storage Manager .............................................................................. 43
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.5.5
3.6
General .................................................................................. 24
Network ................................................................................. 26
UPS ...................................................................................... 34
Event .................................................................................... 35
Power.................................................................................... 38
Upgrade ................................................................................. 39
Tools ..................................................................................... 40
Schedule Manager ..................................................................... 41
RAID / Array Manager ................................................................ 43
Volume Group Manager .............................................................. 47
iSCSI Manager ......................................................................... 56
FC Manager............................................................................. 60
Share Manager ......................................................................... 63
Service Manger ................................................................................ 73
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
Samba service ......................................................................... 73
NFS service ............................................................................. 75
AFP service ............................................................................. 76
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3.6.4
3.6.5
3.6.6
3.6.7
3.6.8
3.6.9
3.6.10
3.6.11
3.6.12
3.6.13
3.7
FTP service ............................................................................. 77
WebDAV service ....................................................................... 78
TFTP service............................................................................ 79
Rsync service ........................................................................... 79
Bonjour service ........................................................................ 80
SNMP service ........................................................................... 81
DHCP service ........................................................................... 82
SSH service ............................................................................. 83
Telnet service .......................................................................... 83
File Manager ........................................................................... 84
Account Manager ............................................................................. 85
3.7.1 Account ................................................................................. 85
3.7.2 Group .................................................................................... 91
3.7.3 Directory Service ...................................................................... 94
3.8 Backup Manager .............................................................................. 97
3.8.1 Data Backup ............................................................................ 97
3.8.2 Data Copy ............................................................................ 104
3.8.3 Replication Backup .................................................................. 108
3.8.4 Snapshot Backup .................................................................... 113
3.8.5 Volume Clone ........................................................................ 118
3.8.6 Rsync Backup ........................................................................ 120
3.8.7 System Configuration ............................................................... 122
3.8.8 Amazon S3 ........................................................................... 123
3.9 Attached Device Manager ................................................................. 126
3.9.1 Physical Device ...................................................................... 126
3.9.2 ISO Mount ............................................................................ 127
3.9.3 iSCSI Initiator ........................................................................ 128
3.10 Plug-in Manager ............................................................................. 130
3.10.1 NAS HA ................................................................................ 133
3.11 File Manager ................................................................................. 148
3.12 General Limitation List ..................................................................... 152
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Preface
About this manual
his manual provides information regarding the configuration of the NAS 3.1
System. This document also describes the use of the storage management
software. Information contained in the manual has been reviewed for accuracy,
but not for product warranty because of the various environment/OS/settings.
Information and specifications will be changed without further notice. Some
pictures and screenshots might be different with the actual machine.
This manual uses section numbering for every topic being discussed for easy and
convenient way of finding information in accordance with the user’s needs. The following
icons are being used for some details and information to be considered in going through
with this manual:
NOTES:
These are notes that contain useful information and tips
that the user must give attention to in going through with
the subsystem operation.
IMPORTANT!
These are the important information that the user must
remember.
WARNING!
These are the warnings that the user must follow to avoid
unnecessary errors and bodily injury during hardware and
software operation of the subsystem.
CAUTION:
These are the cautions that user must be aware of to
prevent damage to the equipment and its components.
Copyright
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without the prior written consent.
Trademarks
All products and trade names used in this document are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective owners.
Changes
The material in this document is for information only and is subject to change without
notice.
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Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 Key Features
Account Manager support NIS
Allows online capacity expansion within the enclosure
Android/iOS mobile APP for monitoring
Backup to Cloud (Amazon S3)
Backup/Restore from attached storage (USB/eSATA/iSCSI/RDX/USM)
Backup/Restore from remote share (CIFS/NFS)
Bonjour Protocol, easily connect to NAS
Compression (Support on ZFS file system)
Central data and storage management
Data backup via backup plan/schedule
Data copy (1:1)
Deduplication (Support on ZFS file system)
EXT4 support extend over 16TB
HA support Active-Active mode
HA support iSCSI/FC volume
HA support Three nodes
iSCSI/FC/share volume replication
ISO mount
Latest volume snapshot technology
Local and external account management, support large account import
Online expansion file system
Plug-in management
Select share or file for backup/restore
Share management and permission (support ACL setting)
Support Fiber target for Fiber SAN (Optional)
Support Internet Gateway
Support iSCSI target for IP SAN
Support iSCSI initiator
Support iSCSI multi host
Support e-mail notification, SNMP Trap/MIB and system log
System configuration backup/restore
SSD Caching (Read cache, Support on ZFS file system)
Thin Provisioning
Volume Clone (EXT3/EXT4/XFS/NTFS/VMFS/ZFS)
Volume replication to enhance data protection
Volume switch between iSCSI and FC Target
VMware ESXi 5 iSCSI/FC/NFS VAAI support
Wizard-oriented GUI design
WORM (Write Once Read Many) support CIFS/NFS
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1.2 Technical Specifications
NAS Functionality
Storage Management
Volume management (Support ZFS, XFS, EXT3 and EXT4 file system)
Support SSD Caching, Compression and Deduplication (Support on ZFS file
system)
Disk usage statistics
Hot spare drives
iSCSI Target manager: Support LUN Mapping/Initiator Filter/Thin Provisioning
FC Target manager: Support LUN Mapping/Thin Provisioning
VAAI support for iSCSI/FC/NFS
General
Independent file server
Multiple language support
Support UPS
Support LV encryption
System Management
Automatic IP address configuration
Web browser-based management
SNMP management and notification
Fail-free online firmware upgrade
Unicode support
Multi-node management GUI
System configuration backup/restore
Central management
Quick wizard
APP for Android/iOS monitoring
Networking
Support NIC/Trunking/Load Balance/Fail Over/802.3ad
DHCP Server/DHCP Client
WINS Server
Internet gateway
DDNS
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Protocols
TCP/IP, SMB/CIFS, NFS, SNMP, FTP/SFTP/FXP, HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet, SSH, AFP,
WebDAV, Bonjour, TFTP
Client Operating Systems Support
Microsoft®
Windows®
98/ME/NT/2000/XP/2003/Vista/2008 /Win7/Windows
2012/Win 8
Unix/Linux
Mac OS
Authentication
Local user account/group
Microsoft NT Domain Controller (PDC)
Microsoft Active Directory Authentication (ADS)
Network Information Service (NIS)
Support OpenLDAP service
Support creating users by batch
User quota management
Share level security
File level security
User ID security for NFS
Recycle bin (Samba)
File access log, audit (Samba)
Write Once Read Many (WORM)
Block Storage
iSCSI Target Support
Fiber Target Support (optional)
Thin Provisioning support
VMware VAAI support
Virtualization
VMware/Citrix/Hyper-V
VMware VAAI for NFS support
Attached Storage
ISO Mount
USB/eSATA*/iSCSI initiator
Data Backup / Restore
Volume Clone (EXT3/EXT4/XFS/NTFS/VMFS/ZFS)
Symantec BackupExec Agent (by additional installation)
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Scheduling multi-snapshot (Support iSCSI & FC snapshot)
Replication (Remote realtime data mirroring)
proNAS High-Availability (Three(3) nodes HA Cluster)(optional)
Scheduling Rsync Replication
Support NetVault backup client (by additional installation)
Support CA ARCserve (by additional installation)
Data copy (copy files to other share/attached storage)
Scheduling backup
Differential/incremental backup
iSCSI/FC Replication
Amazon S3 backup
backup/restore from attached storage (USB/eSATA*/iSCSI/RDX*/USM*)
Support Apple Time Machine
Plug-in management
Anti-Virus
Central management
iTunes Server
Virtualization (VM on NAS)
*
By OEM request
Specification are subject to change without notice.
All company and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.
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Chapter 2
Getting Started With proNAS 3.1
2.1 Prepare to Setup NAS
1. Before power on, make sure all power cables are plugged.
2. Check that LAN cable is connected to LAN_0 port of NAS and is linked.
3. To initialize the system, at least one hard drive is needed and inserted in the
drive slot.
NOTE: Compatible List of Hard Drive Models
NAS product supports major hard drive brands of 2.5-inch and 3.5-inch SAS /
SATA hard drive. Please check Unifosa website:
http://www.proware.com.tw for the latest hard disk drives compatibility
list for the NAS.
Important Reminder: Unifosa will not be responsible for any
data loss due to incorrect installation or use of hard drive and
caused damage to the product under abnormal operation.
Warning: When hard drives that have never been used in the
NAS are installed, the hard drives will be formatted
automatically when Array is created, and existing data on the
hard drives will be cleared.
2.2 Login NAS Management Webpage by Using Web Browser
After power on, please wait for about one minute to boot the system, then the NAS
can be managed via web browser at any Windows, Linux, or Mac OS client.
1. Open web browser, input http://<NAS-IP> in URL bar.
For example: http://172.16.0.1
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NOTE:
A. The NAS default IP address is 172.16.0.1.
B. If NAS is set as a DHCP client or you are not sure what IP is used by
the NAS, please check the front panel LCD to know the current IP
address.
C. Make sure the NAS and the client PC (that you will use to manage the
NAS) are on the same subnet.
D. The recommend browsers for management are Google Chrome and
Firefox.
2. When the login page (Figure 2.2.1) is shown, input user name "admin" and
password (default) "00000000". To select the operating language of the
management page, select your preferred language on the drop-down list box on
the right side.
NOTE: The default admin password might be different in some NAS.
Please ask your NAS vendor if you have problem to logon.
Figure 2.2-1
Login page
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3. After login, you will see the main NAS management GUI (Figure 2.3.2-1). You
can now start to manage or setup the system.
4. By default, SSL login is enabled in NAS and allows users to configure and
manage the NAS via encrypted transmission. To use this function, you can open
the browser then input https://<NAS-IP> in URL bar.
For example: https://172.16.0.1
NOTE: If the NAS is behind NAT router or firewall and will use SSL login
and remote access from the Internet, open NAT or firewall port 443 to
direct to the LAN IP of NAS.
2.3 Setup and Installation
All NAS services and functions are disabled without first initializing the NAS. There
are two way to initialize the NAS, by using Quick Initialization feature or manually
step by step.
2.3.1
Quick Setup
After login as "admin" and NAS has not been initialized yet, GUI will pop up a
message to ask you to use Quick Initialization feature (Figure 2.3.1-1) to setup the
system. The Quick Initialization feature helps you to initialize the NAS in just one
page setup. To setup using "NAS Quick Initialization", click “Yes”. Then you can
start to quickly setup the NAS by providing some information and setting some
options, as shown in Figure 2.3.1-2.
If you do not want to use Quick Initialization feature, click "No" in Figure
2.3.1-1. Please note that many functions will be disabled without first initializing
the NAS. The Options of Quick Initialization page list next page.
Figure 2.3.1-1
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The confirm message to use Quick Initialization
proNAS 3.1
Figure 2.3.1-2
NAS Quick Initialization page
Network
Please modify the options here to match your network environment.
Dynamic IP
When enabled, this set the NAS as DHCP client (not suggested)
Host Name
Set a unique host name for NAS to be used in network environment.
IP address
Set a static IP for LAN_0. (Usually for client connection)
Gateway
Set gateway IP for LAN_0.
Subnet Mask
Set the Subnet Mask for LAN_0.
Array
The NAS must have at least one Array in order to initialize the system.
Array Name
It is fixed to "Array01" for the first Array.
Create Spare
Enable this option to reserve a hard drive as a spare disk for Array.
Level
Select the RAID Level. Quick Initialization only support RAID levels
0,1,5 and 6.
Disk Number
The total number of hard drives detected by the system.
Free Size
The estimated size of the Array after it is created.
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NOTE: All disks will be the member of Array01. If you plan to create the
Array manually, please exit (Cancel) the Quick Initialization and read the
Chapter 2.3.2.
Logical Volume
Create a network share folder with specified size for users.
Home Size(GB)
The default reserved space for user's home folder
Share Name
The share folder name that will be accessible to users in the
network
Share Size(GB)
The volume size of the share folder
Service
Decide which services need to be enabled after setup, and allow users to
connect and access the network share folder(s).
Window(Samba)
Select this service to enable access for Window users.
Unix(NFS)
Select this service to enable access for Unix users.
Apple(AFP)
Select this service to enable access for MAC users.
After filling up all options, click "OK" to execute the setup. This only takes
about one minute. After setup is completed, you need to re-login the GUI and
customize the detailed configuration. Meanwhile, user can access the share
folder via network now.
2.3.2
Manually Initializing the NAS Step by Step
If you would like to create the Array manually, please click "No" in Quick
Initialization page (Figure 2.3.1-1). After that, you will see the main NAS
information page as shown in Figure 2.3.2-1. Then select "Storage Manager"
and “RAID” (refer to Section 3.5.1), and click "Add" to create a customized
Array. After Array is created, follow the GUI wizard that will take you to setup
NAS by creating Volume Group, Logical Volume, Share or iSCSI step by step.
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Figure 2.3.2-1 NAS main information page
NOTE: For more information about creating Array, please see Section 3.5.1.
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2.4 Connecting to the NAS Share Folder via Network
After NAS is initialized, users can access the share folder from a client PC.
Here are the steps to access NAS share folder from clients with different
platforms.
Windows Users (SMB/CIFS)
Steps to connect to a NAS share folder:
1. Two options to connect to NAS shared folder:
a) Open Network Neighborhood and search Workgroup. If you can’t find
NAS, search the entire network, double-click the mouse on your
workgroup, search for the NAS hostname, and double-click the mouse to
connect the NAS.
b) Use the Run function in Windows OS, and enter \\NAS-hostname or
\\NAS-IP to connect to NAS. For example: \\NAS or \\172.16.0.1
2. Enter a valid user name and password:
User name: admin
Password: 00000000
3. Select the share folder which you want to connect to.
4. You can start to use the NAS share folder, and you can also map the share
folder as network drive.
Mac OS Users (SMB or AFP)
NOTE: If AFP is used, make sure AFP is enabled in Service Manager and in
Share Protocol.
Steps to connect to a NAS share folder:
1. Click ‘Go’ > ‘Connect to Server’
2. Use the following methods to mount the NAS share folder:
Using SMB, input: smb://NAS-IP or smb://NAS-hostname
Using AFP, input: afp://NAS-IP
For example: smb://172.16.0.1 or afp://172.16.0.1
3. Click ‘Connect’
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4. Enter a valid NAS user name and password (with permission to the share
folder),
User name: admin
Password: 00000000
5. Click ‘Connect’
6. Select the NAS share folder you want to be mounted on Mac, and click ‘OK’.
Linux Users (NFS)
Steps to connect to a NAS share folder:
Execute the following command in client Linux console:
mount –t nfs <NAS IP>:/<Path-To-NFS-Share-Folder> <Directory
to Mount>
Example:
NAS IP address: 172.16.0.1
Path to NFS Share Folder: /vol/LV_2/nfsshare
Directory to Mount: /mnt/share1
Use the following sample command on the Linux client computer:
mount –t nfs 172.16.0.1:/vol/LV_2/nfsshare /mnt/share1
To check the NAS NFS export list (path to NFS share folders), execute from
console of Linux NFS client computer:
showmount –e <NAS-IP>
Example:
showmount –e 172.16.0.1
NOTE: On the Linux NFS client computer, you must be logged on with the
root privileges to be able to mount successfully.
After mounting network share folder of NAS, you access the data on the
mounted directory.
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Chapter 3
3.1
System Management
Basic Layout of NAS Management GUI
There are 3 parts of the basic layout of NAS GUI, see Figure 3.1-1.
Part 1. Top Menu:
Shortcut Bar contains shortcut buttons of commonly used functions for quick
access. Shortcut icon for System Log, File Manager, Buzzer, all APP list and Logout.
Part 2. Left Tree:
App Search: To find out a particular application or function, type the text to
search for.
App List: All NAS functions are listed as tree view. You can click
or click
to expand tree view of all function tree.
Multi Node List: As shown in Figure 3.1-2, this lists all detected NAS that are in
the same subnet. QLaunch can be downloaded here. QLaunch is a tool to scan
and discover all NAS systems in the network.
Part 3. Right Content: This shows the NAS status and settings and configuration
options.
Figure 3.1-1
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Basic NAS GUI Layout
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Figure 3.1-2
Multi Node List
You can click "<<" between the tree view and content view (on the upper side)
to hide the left tree and change the content view into full mode for better viewing,
in some case like viewing in tablet device. (Figure 3.1-3). Click ">>" to change
back to normal view.
Figure 3.1-3
Hide the tree view list
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3.2
Top Shortcut Bar
Figure 3.2-1
Shortcut Bar
Administrators can place frequently used functions in the shortcut bar for quick
access.
Default functions in top Shortcut Bar
Icon
Function
Description
Quick Wizard
Wizard that can be used to setup NAS
functions quickly
Information
For viewing the NAS information and status
Resource Monitor
For checking the usage of system resources
Array Manager
For creating/editing Array
Volume Manager
For creating/editing Volume
Share Manager
For create/editing Share folder
Account Manager
For creating/editing Account
Backup Manager
For creating/editing Backup Plan
Modifying Shortcut Functions in the Shortcut Bar
To Add:
Select the function on the left tree (App List), drag and drop the icon to the top
Shortcut Bar. The selected function will be automatically added in the Shortcut
Bar. Please note that the maximum number of shortcut icons that can be placed
on the Shortcut Bar is 9.
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To Remove:
On the Shortcut Bar, press and hold your mouse button on the function icon
and drag the mouse cursor anywhere to the right. The selected function will be
automatically removed from the Shortcut Bar. Please note that "Quick Wizard"
cannot be removed.
There are some small shortcut icons on the top right side of the GUI. There
icons are system default and cannot be modified.
Icon
Function
Description
System Log
For viewing system logs (see Section 3.3.3)
File Manager
This icon enables “admin” user to redirect to the
File Manager web page (see Section 3.11)
Buzzer
This is used to enable/disable alarm beeper when
hardware event occur.
Home
Show all App List to easily find all functions.
(Figure 3.2-2)
Logout
Exit the management GUI
NOTE: If you do not logout by clicking the Logout icon, you will not be
allowed login again on another web browser until the GUI has timed out.
Figure 3.2-2
Home button lists all function
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3.3
System Monitoring
System monitoring provides administrators with information regarding NAS
system resources. Admin can also check the system event log, allowing the
administrator to be updated with the latest state of the system, and this
information can be a basis for adjusting system configurations.
3.3.1
System Information
The System Information provides administrators with information regarding
NAS model, network status, hardware status, and service status, as shown in
Figure 3.3.1-1.
Figure 3.3.1-1
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3.3.2
Resource Monitor
As shown in Figure 3.3.2-1, the Resource Monitor provides graphical
information of usage of system resources, such as CPU, memory, and LAN ports.
The statistics or usage of various resources are displayed, and updated (refreshed)
periodically.
Statistics of System Resources:
Figure 3.3.2-1
Resource Monitor
The chart can be shown by RealTime, Day, Week, Month or Year view. (See
Figure 3.3.2-1)
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3.3.3
System Log
Administrators can view the records of system events in the System Log. Refer
to Figure 3.3.3-1. All logs can be filtered by Date, Type and Level.
Type : Event type can be filtered, such as All, System, Storage, Service, Account,
Backup, Schedule, and PlugIn.
Level: Level can be filtered such as all, ERROR, WARNING, and INFO.
Download Log: Administrators can save the NAS logs to a local computer. Click
“Download log” and the NAS system will save the system log to the computer
where NAS webpage was opened. The NAS system log is useful in analyzing NAS
systems problems. Administrators can download the system log first and then
analyze the logs. The saved log default filename is “NASlog.tgz”.
This function is very useful for system trouble shooting.
Clear All Log: Administrator can clear all logs with this button, but it is not
recommended.
Figure 3.3.3-1
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System Log
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3.4 System Manager
The System Manager enables NAS administrators to configure system setup
such as Date/Time settings, Network settings, UPS settings, Event settings, Power
settings, and Schedule Manager, and upgrade the NAS firmware version.
3.4.1
General
In General setting, admin can set or modify the "GUI" and "Date/Time"
settings and other related options.
Host Name: Admin can set the NAS Host Name, which can be up to 16 characters
and can only contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-) and underscore (_). A
space or a period (.) cannot be used. Host name containing numbers only is
also not allowed; it must contain at least one non-numeric character. See
Figure 3.4.1-1.
Figure 3.4.1-1
General Setting
Protocol: Default web GUI protocol is set to "Both (HTTP/HTTPS)”. There are three
possible options: “HTTP", “HTTPS”, and "Both (HTTP/HTTPS)”.
Port:
Default port is set to 80. If changed to another port number, option
range is from 1 to 65536.
Timeout (min): Default is 5 minutes, which means admin will be automatically
logged out from GUI if there is no activity (idle) in the GUI for 5 minutes.
There are four options: 5, 15, 30, and Never. “Never” means no GUI
timeout.
NOTE: Don't forget to logout GUI if Timeout is set to "Never", else you
cannot login the GUI again from other web browser or PC.
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Date/Time
Set up the NAS time and time zone here. See Figures 3.4.1-2 and 3.4.1-3.
Figure 3.4.1-2
General Date/Time setting
To change the date, click the calendar icon
To change the time, click arrow-down button
preferred time.
To set the time zone, click the arrow-down
select the preferred time zone.
Figure 3.4.1-3
and select the preferred date.
in Time option, and select the
button in Time Zone option, and
General Date/Time Setting
NTP Server: To enable the NAS to synchronize time from an NTP server, select the
NTP Server box (check mark
will appear) and then enter the NTP
server’s IP address or fully qualified domain name. See Figure
3.4.1-2. (After NTP Server setting is done, system will sync time
from NTP server every 24 hours.)
Sync Local Time to NAS: If you want to synchronize the NAS system time from
local time of PC (which you used to login the NAS management GUI),
click the “Sync local time to NAS” button.
Apply:
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After modifying settings, click “Apply” to save changes.
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3.4.2
Network
Network management provides options to configure settings such as Adapter,
DNS, IPv6, Security, and Routing Table.
Adapter:
Figure 3.4.2-1
Network Setting
Changing Adapter settings:
Edit:
Select interface on the list (Figure 3.4.2-1), for example ‘LAN_0’ and then click
the ‘Edit’ button. The following screen will be shown (Figure 3.4.2-2).
Figure 3.4.2-2
Edit Network Setting
Interface: The LAN Port name. (This name is fixed and can’t be modified.)
DHCP: Click the DHCP box to enable DHCP client option (default is disabled). NAS
will get a DHCP assigned IP address from a DHCP server, if DHCP server is
available.
IP: To use static IP address (DHCP option is not checked), enter the preferred IP
address, for example 192.168.1.1. In ‘Subnetmask’, enter a valid subnet mask,
such as 255.255.255.0. In ‘Gateway’, enter a valid gateway IP address, for
example 192.168.1.254.
(Default IP Address / Subnetmask / Gateway are: 172.16.0.1 / 255.255.255.0
/ 172.16.0.1)
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MTU: Set the Maximum Transmission Unit size of the network packets, in bytes.
(Default is 1500)
Trunking:
Trunking enables multiple network interfaces to be combined to form a single
channel.
To setup Trunking, click ‘Trunking’ button, and the following screen will be shown.
Figure 3.4.2-3
Edit Trunk Setting
Interface: Click the arrow-down button
on the right, and then select which
LAN ports will be included in Trunking mode. (This is multiple-choice.) After Trunk
Setting setup is done, click “OK”.
Mode: Please refer to the following list for options and description of each option.
Mode
Description
Switch Required
Balance-rr
Round-Robin mode is good for general purpose
Supports static
(Round-Robin)
load balancing between two Ethernet interfaces.
trunking. Make sure
This mode transmits packets in sequential order
static trunking is
from the first available slave through the last.
enabled on the switch.
Balance-rr provides load balancing and fault
tolerance.
Active Backup
Active Backup uses only one Ethernet interface. It
switches to the second Ethernet interface if the
first Ethernet interface does not work properly.
Only one interface in the bond is active. The bond's
MAC address is only visible externally on one port
(network adapter) to avoid confusing the switch.
Active Backup mode provides fault tolerance.
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General switches
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Balance XOR
Balance XOR balances traffic by splitting up
Supports static
outgoing packets between the Ethernet interfaces,
trunking. Make sure
using the same one for each specific destination
static trunking is
when possible. It transmits based on the selected
enabled on the switch.
transmit hash policy. The default policy is a simple
slave count operating on Layer 2 where the source
MAC address is coupled with destination MAC
address. Alternate transmit policies may be
selected via the xmit_hash_policy option. Balance
XOR mode provides load balancing and fault
tolerance.
Broadcast
Broadcast sends traffic on both network interfaces.
Supports static
This mode provides fault tolerance.
trunking. Make sure
static trunking is
enabled on the switch.
IEEE 802.3ad
Dynamic Link Aggregation uses a complex
Supports 802.3ad
(Dynamic Link
algorithm to aggregate adapters by speed and
LACP
Aggregation)
duplex settings. It utilizes all slaves in the active
aggregator according to the 802.3ad specification.
Dynamic Link Aggregation mode provides load
balancing and fault tolerance but requires a switch
that supports IEEE 802.3ad with LACP mode
properly configured.
Balance-tlb
Balance-tlb uses channel bonding that does not
(Adaptive
require any special switch. The outgoing traffic is
Transmit Load
distributed according to the current load on each
Balancing)
Ethernet interface (computed relative to the
General switches
speed). Incoming traffic is received by the current
Ethernet interface. If the receiving Ethernet
interface fails, the other slave takes over the MAC
address of the failed receiving slave. Balance-tlb
mode provides load balancing and fault tolerance.
Balance-alb
Balance-alb is similar to balance-tlb but also
(Adaptive
attempts to redistribute incoming (receive load
Load
balancing) for IPV4 traffic. This setup does not
Balancing)
require any special switch support or
General switches
configuration. The receive load balancing is
achieved by ARP negotiation sent by the local
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proNAS 3.1
system on their way out and overwrites the source
hardware address with the unique hardware
address of one of the Ethernet interfaces in the
bond such that different peers use different
hardware address for the server. This mode
provides load balancing and fault tolerance.
Default Gateway:
Figure 3.4.2-4
Set Default Gateway to a Network Interface
In the Adapter list in Figure 3.4.2-1, to set Default Gateway, click the
arrow-down button
on the right (Figure3.4.2-4), and select the interface that
will be assigned as default gateway. The NAS system supports only single default
gateway interface. The default setting is LAN_0.
DNS:
As shown in Figure 3.4.2-5, NAS system supports up to two DNS server IP
address.
To setup DNS server, enter the DNS server IP address in ‘DNS Server 1’. If another
DNS server will be setup, enter the other DNS server IP address in 'DNS Server 2'.
Apply:
After modifying settings, click “Apply” to save changes.
Figure 3.4.2-5
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Edit DNS Setting
proNAS 3.1
Hosts Table:
Click “Hosts Table” (see Figure 3.4.2-5) to edit the Hosts Table. The Hosts
Table contains mapping of IP addresses to hostnames. (See Figure 3.4.2-6.)
Figure 3.4.2-6
Edit Hosts Table
The Hosts Table can be modified to add IP address and hostname mapping. After
editing Hosts Table, click ‘OK’.
LmHosts Table:
Click “LmHost Table” (see Figure 3.4.2-5) to edit the LmHosts Table. The
LmHosts Table is a mapping of IP addresses to Samba NetBIOS names. It is similar
to the Hosts Table, except that the hostname component must correspond to the
NetBIOS naming format. (This is optional.)
The LmHosts Table can be modified and add IP address and NetBIOS hostname
mapping. After editing LmHost Table, click ‘OK’. (See Figure 3.4.2-7.)
OK: After modifying settings, click “OK” to save changes.
Cancel: Click this to undo any changes.
Figure 3.4.2-7
Edit LmHosts Table
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IPv6:
By default, IPv6 is set to Disabled, as shown in Figure 3.4.2-8. IPv6 can be
enabled by selecting “Enabled”. The default IPv6 IP will be displayed in the list after
being enabled, as shown in Figure 3.4.2-9.
Figure 3.4.2-8
Figure 3.4.2-9
IPv6 Disabled by default
IPv6 Table after Set to Enabled
Edit:
Select an interface on the list, for example LAN_0, and then click the ‘Edit’
button. A screen like below will be displayed, and the IPv6 settings can be
configured.
Figure 3.4.2-10
Edit IPv6 Setting
Interface: The LAN Port name. (This name is fixed and cannot be modified.)
IPv6: Enter the IPv6 address which is usually a 128-bit address, divided into eight
groups separated by colon “:”, and each address is a hexadecimal digit
representing 4-bits.
For example: 2001:0db8:85a3:08d3:1319:8a2e:0370:7344
Other IPv6 formats that can be used are shortened format such as omitting
leading zeros or using double colon.
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Prefix: Select the prefix.
Gateway: Input IPv6 Default Gateway.
Security:
The Security setting determines which client IP address or range of IP
addresses are allowed or rejected access to the NAS resources.
Figure 3.4.2-11
Security Table
Add: Click ‘Add’ to add a security setting. The screen below will be displayed.
Figure 3.4.2-12
Add Security Table
Type: There are 2 options: Single (for single IP address) or Range (for a range of
IP addresses)
Priority ID: This setting allows the NAS system to make a judgment according to
the level of Priority ID, with 1 as the highest priority. For example: If
an IP address 192.168.1.10 is included in the Range type
(192.168.1.1 – 192.168.1.20) and the Priority ID is set to 1 and Policy
is ACCEPT (allow access), and the same IP address 192.168.1.10 is
set as Single type with Priority ID 2 and Policy is DROP, the higher
priority ID 1 will be the effective one, hence the IP address
192.168.1.10 will be allowed access.
Policy: There are 2 options: ACCEPT (allow the IP or range of IP) or DROP (reject
the IP or range of IP)
IP: When the Type option is set as Single, enter a single IP address.
When the Type option is set as Range, enter the starting IP address and ending
IP address for the range of IP addresses.
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Routing Table:
Routing Table allows you to setup static routes to specific hosts or networks.
Figure 3.4.2-13
Routing Table
Add: Click ‘Add’. The Add Route window will appear.
Figure 3.4.2-14
Edit Routing Table
Destination: Please enter the IP address or network range. For example:
192.168.0.1 or 192.168.0.
Netmask:
Type:
Input a netmask, for example: 255.255.255.0
If “gw” is selected, NAS will use the Gateway for routing packets. If “dev”
is selected, NAS will use a LAN interface for routing packets.
Gateway: If “gw” is selected, please enter the gateway IP address. If “dev” is
selected, please select a LAN interface.
OK: After modifying settings, click “OK” to save changes.
Cancel: To undo any changes, click “Cancel”.
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3.4.3
UPS
The NAS system supports UPS (uninterruptible power supply) equipment.
(see Figure 3.4.2-5)
Figure 3.4.3-1
UPS Configuration
Enable: Select (check) this to enable support for UPS.
Service: UPS
UPS Vendor: (For example: APC)
Interface: There are three options for interface connection: COM1, USB, and
SNMP.
Cable model: Please select the terminal type.
Interface
Cable model
COM1
simple/smart/ether
USB
usb
SNMP
ether
Shutdown Delay (min): Use this to set the delay time in minutes. After a power
failure, UPS will shutdown the NAS when the Shutdown Delay time has
expired.
SNMP IP: The IP address of APC UPS. This is enabled only when Cable model is set
to SNMP.
Apply: After modifying settings, click “Apply” to save changes.
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3.4.4
Event
Email setting:
Enable Email notification for sending message when a system failure event
occurs.
Figure 3.4.4-1
Event Setting
SMTP server: Input the SMTP server’s IP address.
Sender: Input the sender’s email address.
Port: Enter the port number used by SMTP server. Default port is 25.
SMTP Authentication: If the SMTP server requires authentication using
username and password, please select (enable) it.
Account: Enter a valid SMTP account name.
Password: Enter the password of SMTP account name.
Protocol Type: If SMTP server supports SSL/TLS secure connection, please select
(enable) it.
Recipient: Please enter the email address of the first email recipient. If there are
more than one recipient, please separate them with a semicolon. For
example: [email protected]; [email protected]
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Apply and Send a test mail: Use this to save changes, and at the same time send
a test email to the recipient(s).
Apply: Click to save changes.
SNMP Trap Receiver:
This setting provides SNMP trap notification by sending message when system
failure event occurs.
Figure 3.4.4-2
Trap Receiver IP:
SNMP Trap Setting
Input here the IP address of SNMP Trap Receiver, i.e.
computer running SNMP application that will receive the
event messages.
Apply and Send a test snmp trap: Use this to save changes, and at the same
time send a test snmp trap to the Trap Receiver.
Apply: Click ‘Apply’ to save changes.
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Event Option:
This setting allows you to select which system failure events will
be included when messages or event notifications are sent.
Figure 3.4.4-3
Event Options
Apply: Use ‘Apply’ button to save changes.
NOTE: The events selected in the Event Option will apply to both Email
notification and SNMP Trap notification.
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3.4.5
Power
Power provides option to Reboot or Shutdown the NAS system, or to reset the
NAS system to factory default by deleting configuration and/or data.
Figure 3.4.5-1
Power Setting
NAS Reboot: Select ‘Reboot Confirm’ and click ‘Reboot’ button to reboot the NAS
system.
NAS Shutdown: Select ‘Shutdown Confirm’ and click ‘Shutdown’ button to
shutdown system.
NAS to Factory Default: To reset the NAS system to factory default settings,
enter the text “ResetToDefault” in the ‘Confirm Text:’ box, and then
click ‘Reset to Factory Default’ button.
Description of Options in Resetting to Factory Default:
Delete All: Delete all data, NAS config, and Array.
Keep Raid, Delete Data and Config: Delete NAS configuration and data, but the
Array will be retained.
Keep Raid and Data, Delete Config: Delete NAS configuration, but the Array
and data will be retained.Only the NAS system settings will be
cleared and reverted to the default value. Array information and
data will be retained.
The "Reboot" can also be defined with scheduled job in Schedule manager. (See
Chap 3.4.8)
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3.4.6
Upgrade
This page allows updating the NAS firmware version.
Figure 3.4.6-1
Upgrade
Click the ‘Browse…’ button and select the firmware file, and then click
‘Upgrade’. The firmware file will be automatically uploaded and updated to the
NAS system, after which the NAS system will reboot.
NOTE:
A. When NAS is updating, do not power off the NAS to avoid system
update failure.
B. When NAS is updating, make sure that the client computers
accessing the NAS data (such as share folders) have been
disconnected to avoid damaging the data, because during firmware
upgrade the NAS system will be rebooted automatically.
C. After upgrade and before re-login GUI, it is better to clear the web
browser cache.
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3.4.7
Tools
Tools provide the administrator with some useful functions. Select the function
and then click 'Query'.
Tools options
Description
Connections
Shows current Samba (Windows Client), NFS, AFP (Mac Client),
SSH, Telnet, and FTP client connections list.
ps
Shows the list of NAS system proesses that are currently running.
df
Shows the usage information, such as used capacity or free
space, of mounted volumes or partitions in the NAS system.
top
Shows the NAS system CPU and memory usage and program
status.
ping
Can be used to test network connectivity. Enter the IP address to
test network connection.
dmesg
Shows the kernel messages of NAS system boot-up process.
iostat
Shows the current disk device loading information or statistics.
netstat
Shows various information about the NAS system network
connection.
syslog
Shows the latest system message log generated by kernel.
Figure 3.4.7-1
Tools
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3.4.8
Schedule Manager
This function allows administrators to control scheduled tasks in the NAS.
There are 5 Types of funtions that can be set with schedule: Data Backup, Data
Copy, Snapshot, Rsync and Power (Restart/ON/OFF).
Figure 3.4.8-1
Schedule Manager
Add Schedule: Click ‘Add’ button. The setup screen below will appear.
Figure 3.4.8-2
New Schedule Task
Type: This field has five options: Data Backup, Data Copy, Snapshot, Rsync and
Power.
Plan Name: Select the name of the backup plan (available only in Data Backup,
Data Copy, Snapshot, and Rsync).
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Action: Select the type of action for the schedule, such as Power Restart, Power
ON, or Power OFF (available only in Power).
Start Date: Select the date when to start backup. Please select current date or a
future date.
Start Time: Select the time when to start backup. This field is a 24-hour clock.
Repeat:
Option
Description
Disabled Disables the backup schedule. When you need to temporarily
turn off this schedule, you can use this option to pause the
backup schedule.
Once
This option will perform a one-time backup based on the set date
and time. This option will change to Stop when this scheduled
backup has run once.
Hourly
The hourly schedule will be based on the start date and time.
Every hour, the scheduled backup will be executed.
Daily
The daily schedule will be based on the start date and time. The
scheduled backup will be performed daily.
Weekly
The weekly schedule will be based on the start date and time.
The scheduled backup will be executed weekly.
Every 2
Every two weeks schedule will be based on the start date and
weeks
time. Scheduled backup will be performed once every two
weeks.
Monthly
The monthly schedule will be based on the start date and time.
Once a month, the scheduled backup will be performed.
Yearly
The annual schedule will be based on the start date and time.
Every year, the scheduled backup will be executed.
NOTE:
A. The same backup plan name cannot be selected to have different
schedule settings.
B. When setting backup schedule, the past date and time cannot be
selected.
C. Setting scheduled tasks with time too close to each other is not
recommended.
Edit schedule: Select a schedule and click ‘Edit’ to modify schedule, such as the
Start Date, Start Time, and Repeat settings.
Delete a schedule: Click
at the right column of the plan to be deleted.
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3.5 Storage Manager
This page allows administrators to do Array (RAID) configuration and disk
allocation, and management of Volume Groups and Logical Volumes, iSCSI and FC
volumes, and Share folders.
3.5.1
RAID / Array Manager
Figure 3.5.1-1
Array Manager
Functions on Array Manager (left pane):
Array List:
A. Displays the list of existing Arrays, and the member hard disks in each Array
B. After selecting the Array List option, on the right pane you can select an Array
and do Add/Extend/Delete Array operation.
Figure 3.5.1-2
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Array List
proNAS 3.1
Add: Press ‘Add’ button. The Add Array window will appear.
Figure 3.5.1-3
Add Array
Name: Displays the Array name. System will automatically generate an Array
name and can’t be modified.
Level: Select the RAID Level for the Array. The NAS supports RAID levels 0, 1, 3,
5, 6, 10, 50 and 60 (by selected model).
The detailed information of each
RAID level is described in the succeeding page.
Free Disk List: This is the list of unused hard disks. Administrator can select which
hard disk to include in the Array.
Slot: Shows the Chassis ID: hard disk slot number
For example: 1:9 is the first chassis (usually the NAS chassis itself) and 9th
slot hard disk
Model: The hard disk model
Size: The hard disk capacity; unit is gigabytes (GB).
FW: The hard disk firmware version.
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Extend Array: Select the Array name then click ‘Extend’ button, and then choose
an unused hard disk that will be used for Array expansion.
NOTE:
a. If an Array is already in use (has been assigned to a volume group),
this Array cannot be deleted.
b. If initialization of new Array is completed, but new Array does not
appear in the list,click ‘
’ or ‘
’ to update the Array List.
Delete Array: On the left pane, select ‘Array List’ under ‘Array Manager’ (RAID),
then on the Array List on right pane click the delete icon
on the right side of the
Array to be deleted.
Before deleting an Array, please make sure that the selected Array is not in use,
such as Array is included in a volume group. If Array is included in a VG, delete first
the VG. After VG is deleted, then the Array can be deleted.
If a VG contains existing logical volume(s) and share folder(s), delete first the
share folder(s) and logical volume(s), and then delete the VG and the Array.
Figure 3.5.1-4
Array Manager (RAID)
After clicking the delete icon, a confirmation window will appear to confirm
deletion of selected Array. Select the ‘Confirm:’ box and click the ‘Yes’ button to
confirm the deletion of Array. System will delete the selected Array.
Figure 3.5.1-5
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Confirm Message to Delete an Array
proNAS 3.1
Figure 3.5.1-6
Spare List
Spare List: On the right pane, the Spare List (Figure 3.5.1-6) will show the list of
Hot Spare hard disks. You can add an unused hard disk as Hot Spare.
Add Spare: Click ‘Add’, select a hard disk, and click ‘OK’ button. In Confirm
window, select the ‘Confirm:’ box and click ‘Yes’. The hard disk will
be set as Hot Spare.
Delete Spare: To delete a Hot Spare hard disk and make it as unused hard disk,
click the delete
icon on the right of the Hot Spare hard disk.
After that, the confirmation window will appear (Figure 3.5.1-7) . To confirm
deletion of Hot Spare hard disk, check the ‘Confirm:’ box and click the ‘Yes’
button. The selected Hot Spare hard disk will become unused hard disk.
Figure 3.5.1-7 Confirm Message to Delete a Spare Disk
All Disk List: After selecting this option, a list of all hard disks and hard disk status
will be shown on the right pane.
Figure 3.5.1-8
All Disk List
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3.5.2
Volume Group Manager
Volume Group (VG) is a storage pool for creating logical volumes. You need to
create at least one VG (first VG is VG01) by adding an Array (for example Array01)
to initialize the NAS system and enable NAS functions.
Figure 3.5.2-1
Volume Group Manager
Add: To add a Volume Group, click ‘Add’ button, and then select the Array name to
be included in the VG and click ‘OK’ button. The NAS system will automatically
create the new Volume Group.
Figure 3.5.2-2
Create a new Volume Group
Insert Array: To expand the size of a Volume Group, select the Volume Group
name and click ‘Insert RAID’ button. Select the Array name that will
be joined to the VG, and then click ‘OK’. In Confirm window, select
the ‘Confirm:’ option and click ‘Yes’. The NAS system will
automatically expand the size of the selected VG using the added
Array.
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Remove Array: To remove an Array from a Volume Group, select the Volume
Group name and click ‘Remove RAID’, and then click ‘OK’ button.
In Confirm window, select the ‘Confirm:’ option and click ‘Yes’.
The NAS system will automatically remove the selected Array
from the VG, and the VG size will be reduced accordingly.
Figure 3.5.2-3
Remove Array
Add: To create a Logical Volume (LV) from a Volume Group
a. Select first the Volume Group name (VGXX) where a Logical Volume will be
created, and then click the ‘Add’ button under Logical Volume List.
Figure 3.5.2-4
Volume Group Status
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b. The ‘Add Logical Volume’ window will appear. Enter the logical volume name,
change the Volume Group Name where the LV will be created if necessary,
select the file system format for the LV, and set the LV size. Click ‘OK’ when
done.
Figure 3.5.2-5
Creating a Fixed Size Logical Volume
Name: The NAS system will automatically generate a default LV name ‘LV_x’
where x is a number in series starting from 1, such as LV_1. The LV name
can also be modified if needed.
Volume Group Name: Click the arrow-down
button on the right, and a
drop-down menu will appear where a volume group name
can be selected.
Free Size(GB): This displays the selected volume group’s unused capacity.
File System: Select the file system format for the LV, default is ext4. Format
options are described below.
Format
Description
ext3
This file format is suitable for small I/O, average single-file size of about
4KB-50MB.
ext4
This file format is suitable for big I/O, average single-file size of about
4KB-128MB
xfs
This file format is suitable for big I/O, average single-file size of about
128MB-1GB
zfs
or above
This file format is suitable for big I/O, average single-file size of about
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128MB-1GB or above, also support compression de-duplication and
SSD caching
NOTE: The LV Name only allows up to 32 characters, and can only contain
letters, numbers, hyphen (-) and underscore (_).
Size(GB): The size of Logical Volume to be created must be based on the “Free
Size (GB)” field, size must be less than the Volume Group available
capacity.
Volume Allocation options:
Fixed Size: Create a logical volume with fixed physical size.
Thin Provision: Create a Thin Provisioning pool with Size, and create a Thin
Provisioning volume with Allocation Size (option below).
Allocation Size(GB): This field is enabled only when creating LV with Thin
Provision. The minimum size of a Thin Provisioning volume is 50GB, and the
maximum size is 32TB or 4 times of physical volume size.
Figure 3.5.2-6
Create a Thin Provisioning Logical Volume
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Figure 3.5.2-7
Create a ZFS Logical Volume
Compression: This allows tradeoffs between the amount of CPU required for
compression and the resulting compression efficiency. Compression also provides
increased throughput and performance within the system due to the fact that less
data is being written to and read from disk, resulting in fewer I/O operations.
De-duplication: If a file system has the dedup property enabled, duplicate data
blocks are removed as they are written to disk. The result is that only unique data
is stored on disk and common components are shared between files.
Expanding Logical Volume Capacity:
Select a Logical Volume that need to be expanded in the Logical Volumes List
(See Figure 3.5.2-4) and click ‘Edit’, change the “Logical Volume Size (GB)” to the
preferred size, and then click ‘Apply’. In Confirm window, select the “Confirm:”
option and click ‘Yes’. The Logical Volume size will be expanded automatically.
If the volume set as a Thin Provision Volume, you can also modify the field
"Thin Provision Size" here (See Figure 3.5.2-8).
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Figure 3.5.2-8
Logical Volume Information
NOTE:
1. The logical volume size can only be expanded, but cannot be reduced.
2. It might take time to expand a volume with file system.
Volume Encryption:
In each logical volume information, if share folders have not been created yet
in the logical volume, as shown in Figure 3.5.2-9, the volume can be encrypted by
clicking "Encrypt" and then typing the password. After an encrypted volume is
created, system will download the key file automatically. Please keep the key file
safely. The volume data will become invalid without key file.
Figure 3.5.2-9
Creating an Encrypted Logical Volume
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Figure 3.5.2-10
Set Password for the Encrypted Logical Volume
The volume will not be mounted automatically after encryption. You can mount
the encrypted volume manually by clicking "Mount" (Figure 3.5.2-11) and input
the password. Then the encrypted volume will be mounted
(Figure 3.5.2-12).
Figure 3.5.2-11
and ready to use
Encrypted Logical Volume in Un-mounted State
Automatic Mount After Boot:
Default is enabled. The volume will be automatically mounted after boot
without typing the password. If disabled, you have to manually mount the volume
and type password after every boot.
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Figure 3.5.2-12
Encrypted Logical Volume in Mounted State
SSD cache: (support by zfs)
Frequently accessed data is stored in RAM, and less frequently accessed data can
be stored on slower media, such as SSD disks. Data that is not often accessed is
not cached and left on the slow hard drives. If old data is suddenly read a lot, NAS
will automatically move it to SSD disks or to RAM.
Figure 3.5.2-13
Enable SSD Caching
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3.5.3
iSCSI Manager
The iSCSI Manager allows administrator of the NAS system to setup logical
volumes as iSCSI Target Volumes. A logical volume that is not yet formatted or has
no existing share folder in it can be setup as an iSCSI volume device.
Figure 3.5.3-1
The iSCSI Manager
Add iSCSI Target: To add an iSCSI target, click ‘Add’ icon in the iSCSI Target List
shown in Figure 3.5.3-1. The iSCSI Target setup will appear (Figure 3.5.3-2).
Figure 3.5.3-2
Create iSCSI Target
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Name: Input iSCSI Target name
CHAP: If CHAP authentication is needed, select the ‘CHAP:’ option to enable it,
and then input the CHAP Login ID and CHAP Password.
InitialR2T: Initial Ready to Transfer. Default is disabled. If needed to enable this
option, please select it.
I.M.D.: Immediate Data. Default is disabled. If needed to enable this option,
please select it.
MaxRecv(KB): Maximum data per PDU (Protocol Data Unit) to receive. Default
value is 4096 KB. If needed to change the value, please modify it.
MaxXmit(KB): Maximum data per PDU (Protocol Data Unit) to transmit. Default
value is 4096 KB. If needed to change the value, please modify it.
Max Connection: Default value is 1. If needed to increase the maximum number
of initiator connections, please modify the value.
For example: If four initiator connections are allowed on the iSCSI target,
set the ‘Max Connection’ value to 4.
Interface:
Specify the network port dedicated for iSCSI connection. iSCSI
initiators can only connect to the iSCSI target via this port.
NOTE:
The Name only allows up to 32 characters, and can only contain letters,
numbers, hyphen (-) and underscore (_).
Delete iSCSI Target: To delete an iSCSI Target, select the ‘Remove’ icon on the
right side of the iSCSI target name to be deleted. The
Confirmation window will appear. Select the “Confirm:”
option and click ‘Yes’. The iSCSI Target will be deleted.
Figure 3.5.3-3
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Confirm Message to Delete iSCSI Target
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Add iSCSI Target Volume: Click ‘Add’ icon on the iSCSI Volume List. The Add
iSCSI Volume window will appear.
Select a Target name, and choose the logical volume to be used as iSCSI volume,
set the Size(GB), and select the Block Size(KB). After completing the setup, click
‘OK’. The new iSCSI Target Volume will be created.
Figure 3.5.3-4
Assign a Volume to the iSCSI Target
Block Size: The default setting is 512. There are four options: 512, 1024, 2048,
and 4096
NOTE: The Thin Provision volume does not support Windows full format;
user can only use the quick format.
Delete iSCSI Target Volume: Click the ‘Remove iSCSI Logic Volume’ icon
on
the right of the iSCSI target volume to be deleted. The confirmation window will
appear. Check the “Confirm:” option and click ‘Yes’. The iSCSI Target Volume will
be deleted.
Add Initiator: Click the ‘Add’ icon under the Initiator List. The Add Initiator
window will appear. Select a Target name, enter the Initiator iqn
name, and set the Permission. Click ‘OK’ when done.
Figure 3.5.3-5
Add Initiator
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NOTE: The Initiator Name only allows up to 64 characters, and can only
contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-) and underscore (_).
Figure 3.5.3-6
Initiator List
Edit Initiator: To edit the Initiator permission, select from the Initiator List the
Initiator name and click “Edit”, or double click the Initiator name or its Permission.
The following screen will appear. Only the Permission setting can be modified.
Figure 3.5.3-7
Edit Initiator Permission
Permission: Default is read/write. There are two options available: “R/W”
(read/write) and “Read Only".
After modification is completed, click ‘OK’ button to apply the setting. If you want
to undo changes, click the ‘Cancel’ button.
Remove Initiator: In the Initiator List, click the ‘Remove’ icon
on the right
side of the Initiator name. The Confirm window will appear. Select the “Confirm:”
option and click ‘Yes’. The Initiator name will be deleted.
Figure 3.5.3-8
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3.5.4
FC Manager
The FC Manager allows administrator of the NAS system to setup logical
volumes as Target Volumes for use in Fibre SAN environment, allowing
administrators to directly integrate with existing Fibre SAN environment and
enable direct access to the NAS data.
Figure 3.5.4-1
FC List
Enable or Disable FC Target Port:
Default setting of FC Target Port is Active. If needed to disable an FC Target
Port, select the FC Target Name from the FC Target List and click ‘Edit’. The Edit FC
Target window will appear. Select the Stop option and click ‘OK’. The selected FC
Target Port will be disabled.
Figure 3.5.4-2
Active FC Target
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Add FC Volume:
Click ‘Add’ in the Logic Volume List. The Add FC Volume window will appear
(Figure 3.5.4-3). Select the corresponding FC Target WWN, select a logical volume
and choose the Block Size. When done, click ‘OK’. The settings will be immediately
applied. When setup is complete, the FC Volume can be accessed via the FC Target
Port, which can be connected directly to a server’s FC HBA or to an FC SAN Switch.
Figure 3.5.4-3
Add FC Volume
Block Size:
The default setting is 512. There are four options: 512, 1024, 2048, and 4096
NOTE: The Thin Provisioning volume does not support Windows full
format; user can only use the quick format.
Add FC WWN Initiator:
This function allows admin to assign WWN initiator and permission. Click ‘Add’
in the WWN List. The Add WWN window will appear. Input the WWN initiator in the
field.
Permission:
Default is read/write. There are two options available: “R/W” (read/write) and
“Read Only".
Figure 3.5.4-4
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When done, click ‘OK' button to apply the setting. To undo changes, click the
‘Cancel’ button.
Remove WWN Initiator:
In the WWN List, click the ‘Remove’ icon
on the right side of the WWN
initiator name. The Confirm window will appear. Select the “Confirm:” option and
click ‘Yes’. The WWN initiator name will be deleted.
Remove FC Target Volume:
Click the FC Target and find the volume in the Logical Volume List. Click the
remove icon
on the right side of the Logical Volume List (Figure 3.5.4-5). The
confirmation window will appear. Check the “Confirm” option and click ‘Yes’. The
FC Volume will be removed from the target.
Figure 3.5.4-5
FC Target Volume Information
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3.5.5
Share Manager
Share Manager allows admin to manage share folders that can be accessed by
users via Samba (SMB/CIFS), NFS, AFP, FTP, WebDAV, and Rsync.
Figure 3.5.5-1
Add Share:
Share List
In the Share List, click ‘Add’. The Add Share window will appear.
Follow the setup instructions step by step. After setup in one page, click ‘Next’ to go
to next setup page until completed and share folder is created.
Figure 3.5.5-2
Create a New Share
Name: Enter name of the share folder. The Name can be up to 32 characters, and
can only contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-) or underscore (_).
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Owner: Default share folder owner is admin. If needed to change the owner, select
other user account.
Volume Group: Select the volume group where the share folder will be created.
Logical Volume: Select the logical volume where the share folder will be created,
or create a new logical volume by selecting “Create New”.
New Share Size (GB): This option appears only when “Create New” is selected in
Logical Volume. Enter the size for the new volume to be created.
Volume Group Free size (GB): This option appears only when “Create New” is
selected in Logical Volume. This is the available capacity of the selected
Volume Group. This information is for reference only and cannot be
modified.
Permission: Default is ACL. There are three options available: ACL, No ACL, and
Public.
Share Protocol: Default option selected is Windows. There are three options
available: Windows (Samba), Linux (NFS), and MAC (AFP).
When setup is completed, click ‘Next’ to go to the Access Right configuration page.
See Figure 3.5.5-3.
Figure 3.5.5-3
Set Access Right for the New Share
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Add Account Permission:
In Access Right page, click ‘Account’ button. The Account List window (Figure
3.5.5-5) will appear. Select the name of the account that will be assigned access
permission to the share folder and click ‘OK’. The account name will appear in
Access Right list with read/write (R/W) permission (Figure 3.5.5-3). If the access
permission of the account needs to be modified, click the ‘Edit’ button (pencil icon)
on the right side of ‘Policy’ column. The option to modify access permission will be
shown (Figure 3.5.5-5). There are 2 options: “R/W” (read/write) and “Read
Only”. Set the preferred access mode and click ‘OK’ when done.
Figure 3.5.5-4
Select Accounts for Setting Share Permission
Figure 3.5.5-5
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Add Group Permission:
By default, all accounts in the ‘users’ group are allowed access to the share
folders. If you need to assign permission to another group, click ‘Group’ button.
The Group List window (Figure 3.5.5-6) will appear. Select the name of the Group
that will be assigned permission to the share folder and click 'OK'. The group name
will appear in the Access Right list with read/write (R/W) permission. If the access
permission of the group needs to be modified, click the ‘Edit’ button (pencil icon)
on the right side of ‘Policy’ column. The option to modify access permission will be
shown (Figure 3.5.5-7). There are 2 options: “R/W” (read/write) and “Read
Only”. Set the preferred access mode and click ‘OK’ when done.
Figure 3.5.5-6
Select Groups for Setting Share Permission
Figure 3.5.5-7
Modify Group Policy in the Share
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Add IP Permission:
By default, all client IP addresses are allowed access to the share folders. If
you need to assign specific client IP, click the ‘IP’ button. The Client IP window will
appear (Figure 3.5.5-8). Enter the client IP address that will be allowed access to
the share folder. Set the Permission, whether “R/W” (read/write) or “Read Only
(NFS Only)”. Click ‘OK’ when done. The IP address will appear in the Access Right
list (Figure 3.5.5-9). If the access permission of the IP address needs to be
modified, click the ‘Edit’ button (pencil icon) on the right side of ‘Policy’ column.
The option to modify access permission will be shown (Figure 3.5.5-8). Set the
preferred access mode and click ‘OK’ when done.
Figure 3.5.5-8
Add Client IP in the Access Right List
Figure 3.5.5-9
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When Access Right configuration is completed, click ‘Next’ for confirming the
settings. Verify the share folder configuration in the Conclusion page (Figure
3.5.5-10) and make sure all settings correct. Click ‘OK’ to save all settings.
Figure 3.5.5-10
Conclusion Page Before Creating Share
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Edit Share Folder:
Please select the share folder name to be edited from the Share List (Figure
3.5.5-11), and then click ‘Edit’ icon, the Share Information now can be modified
(Figure 3.5.5-12)
Figure 3.5.5-11
Share List
Name : The share name is fixed and cannot be edited.
Logical Volume: Shows the Logical Volume name where the share was created
from.
Size: The capacity of Logical Volume.
Owner: The share owner, and who always has write permission.
Owner Group: The default group owner of share, and who always has write
permission.
Permission: You can set the share access control with or without ACL. If "NoACL"
is selected, you can specify the share directory mode as commonly used in Linux
systems, like "755", or choose "Public" to allow users access to this share (which
also means NoACL mode as "777").
Figure 3.5.5-12
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Share Protocol:
As shown in Figure 3.5.5-13, there are 4 Share Protocol options that can be
enabled: CIFS (Samba), NFS, Apple Talk (AFP) and Rsync.
Figure 3.5.5-13
Share Protocol
CIFS
Enable CIFS: Enable and export share for CIFS (Windows) clients.
Case sensitive: Controls whether filenames are case sensitive or not.
WebDAV: When enabled, WebDAV clients are allowed access to the share.
WORM: Write Once Read Many. When this is enabled, all users with permission
can only create files but cannot modify or delete it. Only the share owner
can delete or modify newly created files.
Hide files that begin with dot: Hide the files that name begin with dot.
Browseable: This option controls whether the share folder will be visible and
can be browsed when client PC connects to the NAS. Default setting is
enabled. When disabled, and client PC connect to the NAS via CIFS, the
share folder will not be visible.
MaxConnection: Set the maximum number of client connection. "0" means
no limit.
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NFS
Enable NFS: Enable and export share for NFS clients
Allow root access: When this option is enabled, root access to share is
allowed.
Synchronize write operation: This option is used to set share IO with
synchronous write.
WORM: Write Once Read Many. When this is enabled, all users with permission
can only create files but cannot modify or delete it. Only the share owner
can delete or modify newly created files.
Insecure: Allows request from IP port larger than 1024.
Subtree Check: Do subtree checking while share is being accessed. Default is
Disabled (no subtree checking).
Apple Talk
Enable Apple Talk(AFP): Enable and export share for Apple MAC clients
Time Machine: Enable and export share that can be discovered by "Time
Machine" backup application in MAC.
Rsync
Account: Set the user name that will be used for share login via Rsync.
Password: Set the password that wll be used for share login via Rsync.
Edit Access Right:
You can modify share permission in the "Access Right" tab by clicking
Account/Group/IP in the list (Figure 3.5.5-14), or clicking "Account/Group/IP" at
the top to assign new permission. If you want to remove the account/group/IP
assigned in the share, just click
at the right-most column of the ID to be
removed.
Figure 3.5.5-14
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Delete Share Folders:
In the Share List, click the delete icon
(Figure 3.5.5-15) on the right of the
Share Folder name to be deleted. The Confirmation window (Figure 3.5.5-16) will
be displayed. Select the “Confirm:” option and click ‘Yes’ to continue deleting the
selected share folder.
Figure 3.5.5-15
Figure 3.5.5-16
Share list
Confirm Message to Delete Share
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3.6 Service Manger
3.6.1
Samba service
Samba provides SMB/CIFS file and printer sharing. This service needs to be
enabled so that MS Windows systems can access NAS share folders or printer.
Figure 3.6.1-1
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Enable:
To start Samba service, select the ‘Enable’ option. To stop this service,
unselect this option. Modify other options if
necessary. Click ‘Apply’ when done,
Strict allocate: This option controls the handling of logical volume space
allocation. When disabled (default setting is disabled or
un-checked), the system does not sparse logical volume block
allocation when a file is extended. To enable this option, select it
and click ‘Apply’.
Unix extensions: Default is enabled. To disable this option, deselect (uncheck) it
and click ‘Apply’.
Port: Default is 445. There are 3 options: 445, 139, and ‘445,139’
Security Mode: Default is set to USER. There are two options available for setup:
USER, SHARE
Recycle Bin: This option allows deleted files from the NAS share folder to be
retained in the Recycle Bin share folder.
To enable Recycle Bin, select the ‘Enable’ option, and then select the logical
volume that will be used to store the Recycle Bin data. Setup the ‘Days to keep:’
option for the number of days you want to keep the deleted files in the Recycle
Bin. Click ‘Apply’ when setup is done. The Recycle Bin function will be enabled.
Audit: This option provides record of all user access to share folder data. Some
examples of information are add/delete/modify record.
To enable Audit, select the ‘Enable’ option, and then select the logical volume
that will be used to store the Audit information. Setup the ‘days to keep:’ option
for the number of days to retain Audit information. Click ‘Apply’ when setup is
done. The Audit function will be enabled.
Printer: Enable this option to connect and detect a USB printer and share it to
clients.
NOTE: For detailed options, please edit Share Protocol in Share
manager.
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3.6.2
NFS service
NFS provides Network File System file sharing. This service must be enabled so that
UNIX and Linux systems will be able to access (mount) the NAS share folders.
Figure 3.6.2-1
NFS Options
Enable: To start NFS service, select the ‘Enable’ option, or unselect this option to
stop service, Choose the NFS version option if needed. Click ‘Apply’ when
done.
Enable NFSv4: Default is disabled. To enable support for NFS version 4, select
this option.
Enable NFS v2, v3: Default is enabled, which means NFS version 2 and version 3
are supported. To disable this option, deselect it (check mark will
disappear).
NOTE: The detailed options please edit Share Protocol in Share manager.
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3.6.3
AFP service
AFP provides file services for Mac OS X and original Mac OS. This service need to be
enabled so that Mac OS users will be able to access the NAS share folders vi AFP.
Figure 3.6.3-1
AFP Options
Enable: To start AFP service, select the ‘Enable’ option and the click ‘Apply’. To
stop this service, unselect option and clicn ‘Apply’.
NOTE: The detailed options please edit Share Protocol in Share
manager.
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3.6.4
FTP service
FTP is a standard network protocol used to transfer files to/from NASfrom/ to
another host over a TCP-based network After this service is enabled, NAS accounts
can be used to login NAS and access share folders via FTP.
Enable: To start FTP service, select the ‘Enable’ option. If necessary, modify the
Port and Max Connections options. Click ‘Apply’ when done.
To stop this service, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
Port: Default port used by FTP is 21. If modified, select from range 1024 to 65534.
Max connections:
Default maximum number of FTP connections is 10. If
modified, number can be changed up to 1000.
Type: Select option: FTP (general support only), FTP over explicit TLS/SSL, or Both
SFTP: Select to enable SFTP (Secure FTP), please note that SSH service will also
enabled when SFTP selected.
Figure 3.6.4-1
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3.6.5
WebDAV service
WebDAV protocol makes the Web a readable and writable medium. It provides
a framework for users to create, change and move documents on a server;
typically a web server or web share.
Figure 3.6.5-1
WebDAV Options
Enable : Select and click ‘Apply’ to start WebDAV service. To stop service, unselect
this option and click “Apply’.
SSL Support : Disable or enable HTTPS support.
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3.6.6
TFTP service
Figure 3.6.6-1
TFTP Options
Enable: To start TFTP service, select the ‘Enable’ option and then choose a share
folder (must be a share folder set as “Public”). Click ‘Apply’ when done.
To stop service, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
3.6.7
Rsync service
Rsync is a file transfer program which provides copying and udpating files
to/from NAS share foler from/to a remote Rsync host, such as another NAS.
Figure 3.6.7-1 Rsync Options
Enable:
To start Rsync service, select the ‘Enable’ option and click ‘Apply. To
stop service, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
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3.6.8
Bonjour service
Bonjour provides a general method to discover services in the LAN. It is
designed to help devices and applications discover each other on the same
network.
Figure 3.6.8-1
Enable:
Bonjour Options
To start Bonjour service, select the ‘Enable’ option and click ‘Apply’.
stop sevice, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
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3.6.9
SNMP service
SNMP is used mostly in network management systems to monitor
network-attached devices for conditions that warrant administrative attention.
Start SNMP Service: To enable SNMP service, select the ‘Enable’ option. Choose
the SNMP version if necessary. By default, SNMP version 1 and
2 is enabled. Click ‘Apply’ when done.
Enable SNMP v3: To enable support for SNMP version 3, select the ‘Enable snmp
v3’ option, then setup Auth Protocol, Auth Password, Priv
Protocol, and Priv Password. Click ‘Apply’ when done.
Figure 3.6.9-1
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3.6.10
DHCP service
DHCP service enables the NAS to function as DHCP server and provides
automatically assigned IP address to other computers in the internal network or
LAN.
Figure 3.6.10-1
DHCP Options
Enable: To start DHCP service, select the ‘Enable’ option. Modify the other settings
as necessary. Click ‘Apply’ when done. The DHCP service will be started
and the NAS system will act as DHCP server, providing dynamic IP
addresses to client PCs. To stop service, unselect this option and click
‘Apply’.
LAN:
Select the LAN interface that is connected to private/internal network, the
same network segment as the client PCs.
WAN:
Select the LAN interface that is connected to public/external network, the
same network segment that has internet/WAN connection.
Start Range of IP: Enter the starting IP address of the range of addresses
(dynamic IP) for the private/internal network.
Ending Range of IP: Enter the ending IP address of the range of addresses
(dynamic IP) for the internal network.
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3.6.11
SSH service
SSH (Secure Shell) is a network protocol that allows data to be exchanged
using an encrypted and secure channel between the NAS and a remote host.
Figure 3.6.11-1
SSH Options
Enable: To start SSH service, select the ‘Enable’ option and click ‘Apply’. To stop
service, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
3.6.12
Telnet service
Telnet is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks to
provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communication facility using a
virtual terminal connection.
Figure 3.6.12-1
Enable:
Port:
To start Telnet service, select the ‘Enable’ option. If necessary, modify
the Port and Max Connections options. Click ‘Apply’ when done. To stop
service, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
Default port used by Telnet is 23. If modified, select from range 1024 to
65534.
Max connections:
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Default maximum number of Telnet connections is 10. If
modified, number can be up to 1000.
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3.6.13
File Manager
File Manager provide NAS user accounts access to NAS share folders and files
via web GUI.
Figure 3.6.13-1
File Manager Options
Enable: To start File Manager service, select the ‘Enable’ option and click ‘Apply’.
To stop service, unselect this option and click ‘Apply’.
More information about File Manager please see Chapter 3.11.
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3.7 Account Manager
3.7.1
Account
Figure 3.7.1-1
Add Account:
Account List
To add a new account, click ‘Add’ button in Account Manager. The
‘Add new account’ window will appear. Follow the ‘Add new account’ setup wizard
(Figure 3.7.1-2) .
Account Setting: Enter the account information such as Login Name, Full Name,
Password, and other necessary settings. When done, click ‘Next’ to go the next
setup page ‘Assign Share’.
Figure 3.7.1-2
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Login Name: Please enter the account name. Account name allows up to 32
characters and can only contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-), and
underscore (_). A space or period (.) is not allowed.
Fully Name:
Enter a full name or a descriptive name for the account.
Quota (GB): Set the quota/limitation for the account’s personal (home) folder. To
disable (turn off) the quota for the account’s personal folder, set the
value to “-1”. To set the quota to no limit, set the value to “0”.
FTP Folder: Select the default FTP folder for the account. This option will direct the
user account to the selected share folder, when user account login
via FTP. Options include all existing share folders, Personal, and All.
Directory:
This information is set by the system automatically. When an
account is created in the NAS system, this field will show ‘Local’.
Password: Enter password for the account. Password can contain at least 6
characters, can be up to 32 characters, and can only contain letters,
numbers and special characters _ - ~! @ # $% ^ & *. The following
characters cannot be used [] {} ().
Password Confirm: Enter the same password again.
E-mail:
Enter e-mail address for this account.
Status: Default is ‘Active’ or enabled. If administrator wants to disable this
account, set this to ‘Inactive’.
Assign Share: Select the share folders that this account can access, and click
‘Next’ to go to the next page “Conclusion”.
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Figure 3.7.1-3
Conclusion:
Add New Account, Assign Share Setting
Verify that the account settings are correct. Click ‘OK’ when done.
The new account will be created.
Figure 3.7.1-4
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Edit: To edit an account, select the account name in the Account Manager’s list,
and click ‘Edit’. The Account Setting page will appear. Modify the settings
if necessary. Click ‘Next’.
Figure 3.7.1-5
Edit Account
The step to modify account is just like the step to create account, but some options
like Login Name, Full Name and UID are disabled and cannot be modified.
Conclusion: Verify that the account settings are correct. Click ‘OK’ when done.
The system will update the new settings for the account.
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Figure 3.7.1-6
Confirm Information to Edit Account
Delete Account: Click the delete icon
on the right of the account name to be
deleted (Figure 3.7.1-7). The confirmation window will be displayed.
Select the “Confirm:” option and click ‘Yes’ (Figure 3.7.1-8). The account
name will be deleted.
Figure 3.7.1-7
Figure 3.7.1-8
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Account Manager, Account List
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Import Account: In Account Manager (figure 3.7.1-7), click the ‘Import Account’
button. The Import Account window will appear. Click the
‘select file’ icon
, and select the file (extension must be CSV)
containing the account list that will be imported to the NAS
system. Click ‘OK’ when done. The accounts will be
automatically added to the Account list.
Figure 3.7.1-9
Import Acount
Format of each Account Entry:
UID,Login Name,Password,Full Name,Quota,Group Name
NOTE: Each field in an account entry must be separated by comma, and
there should be no space between commas. In the CSV file, each
account entry must be in one line.
For example:
1001,Tony,1qazxsw2,Tony Lee,10,Sales
1002,Scott,qwerty123,PM Scott,10,PM
Export Account: Click the ‘Export Account’ button. Save the account file (default
file name is “nasaccount.csv) to your client computer. The account file can
be used later for account recovery/import.
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3.7.2
Group
Figure 3.7.2-1
Group Manager, Group list
Add New Group: Click ‘Add’ button. The Add Group window will appear. Setup the
Group Setting.
Name: Enter the name for the local group. The group name allows up to 32
characters and can only contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-), and
underscore (_). A space or period (.) is not allowed.
GID: System default value starts with 1000. If needed to assign other GID (group
ID), select the preferred GID using the arrow-down or arrow-up button.
Duplicate GID is not allowed.
Describe: Enter a description for the new local group.
Add Account to Group: Select the account name that you want to join to the
group by using the mouse and dragging the account
name from Account List into the Group Member pane.
When done, click ‘Next’ to go to Conclusion page.
Remove Account from Group: In Group Member list, select account name you
want to remove the group, and use the mouse to drag
the account from the Group Member pane to the
Account List pane on the left side. When done, click
‘Next’ to go to Conclusion page.
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Figure 3.7.2-2
Conclusion:
Add New Group
Verify settings for the new group if correct. Click ‘OK’ when done.
The new group will be created.
Figure 3.7.2-3
Confirm Message to Create Group
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Edit Group:
In the Group Manager list (Figure 3.7.2-1), click the group name to
be edited and then click ‘Edit’ button. The following window will
appear.
Figure 3.7.2-4
Edit Group
The step to modify group is just like the step to create group, but some options like
Name and GID are disabled and cannot be modified.
Delete Group: Click the delete icon
on the right side of the group name to be
deleted (Figure 3.7.2-1). The confirmation window will be displayed
(Figure 3.7.2-5). Select the “Confirm:” option and click ‘Yes’ button. The
group will be deleted.
Figure 3.7.2-5
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3.7.3
Directory Service
Enable ADS Authentication:
To start the Windows directory service ADS, select this option. Configure the ADS
settings. When done, click ‘Apply’ button. The NAS system will
be joined to the Windows domain, and ADS accounts and
groups will be shown in the Account and Group list in the NAS
system. Administrator can then assign share folder permission
to these ADS accounts and groups.
Figure 3.7.3-1
Enable ADS Authentication
Automatic detect Domain IP:
Default is enabled. To use this option, DNS must be set first in “System Manager”
 “Network”  “DNS”. If system does not automatically detect the domain server
IP, this option can be disabled, and then the domain server IP address can be
manually entered in the “Domain Server IP” box.
Synchronize time to ADS:
Default is enabled. NAS system will synchronize time from ADS domain server. If
administrator wants to synchronize time from NTP Server, this option must be
disabled and NTP Server must be setup in “System Manager”  “General” 
“Date/Time”.
NOTE: When NAS system is set to synchronize time from NTP Server,
the ADS domain server must also synchronize time from the same NTP
Server to avoid desynchronized time between ADS server and NAS
system, which can result in failure to join the NAS to ADS domain.
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Auto Detect Enctypes:
Default is enabled which means the NAS will automatically detect the encryption
type. If ADS Server is using a special password encryption mode, please disable
this option and select the appropriate encryption mode from “EncType” field. Click
first the arrow-down button on the right to see the various encryption mode
options.
Enctype: After “Automatic Detect Enctypes” is disabled, this function will be
enabled.
Domain/Workgroup: Enter the domain name, for example: MYDOMAIN, or
enter the workgroup name.
DNS Suffix: Enter the fully qualified domain name. For example: MYDOMAIN.COM
Doman Server IP: The “Automatic detect Domain IP” option must be disabled,
and then the domain server’s IP address can be manually entered here.
Enable NTLMv2 authentication:
Default is disabled. To enable NTLMv2
authentication, select this option.
Enable client schannel: Default is enabled.
Logon Account (Administrator):
name.
Enter the domain administrator’s account
Password: Enter the password for the domain administrator’s account name.
PDC/ADS Mode:
Select the domain server mode, ADS or PDC. ADS include
Windows 2000, 2003, and 2008 Server, and PDC includes Windows
NT Sever.
Account Quota (GB): Set the quota/limitation for the domain account’s
personal (home) folder. To disable (turn off) the quota for the domain
account’s personal folder, set the value to “-1”. To set the quota to no
limit, set the value to “0”.
FTP Folder: Select the default FTP folder for the domain account. This option will
direct the domain account to the selected FTP share folder, when user
account login via FTP.
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Enable NIS Authentication:
To start the NIS directory service, select this option and set the following
information below. Click ‘Apply’ when done. The NIS domain accounts and groups
will be added in Account and Group list, and then administrator can set share folder
access permissions to the accounts or groups.
NIS Domain: Enter the NIS domain name
NIS Server: Enter NIS Server IP address.
Figure 3.7.3-2
Enable NIS Authentication
Enable LDAP Authentication:
To start the LDAP directory service, select this option and set following information
below. When done, click ‘Apply’. The LDAP accounts and groups will be added to
the Account and Group list, and then administrator can set share folder access
permissions to the accounts or groups.
LDAP server DC suffix: Enter the LDAP DC suffix. For example:
dc=ldapserver,dc=com
LDAP server IP: Enter the LDAP Server IP address.
LDAP admin DN: Enter the LDAP administrator DN. For example:
cn=admin,dc=ldapserver,dc=com
LDAP admin password: Enter the LDAP administrator password.
NOTE: If administrator wants to use LDAP accounts and groups to be
assigned Samba share folder access, administrator must start first in the
LDAP server the Samba account schema and then start the LDAP
directory services in NAS. If Samba account schema is not activated in
LDAP server, the NAS system can only use LDAP server’s accounts and
groups to be assigned share folder access via FTP.
Figure 3.7.3-3
Enable LDAP Authenication
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3.8 Backup Manager
3.8.1
Data Backup
The Data Backup pack all selected files into a single backup file, and it supports
full, incremental and differential backup of specified share folder containing data,
and also supports scheduled backups. Supported backup destinations are: Local
Share folder in NAS, External Devices such as USB external disk, Samba
(SMB/CIFS) remote share folder, and NFS remote share folder.
Figure 3.8.1-1
Data Backup Plan List
Add Backup Plan: Click the ‘Add’ icon. The Add Backup window will be displayed.
Step 1: Configure the basic settings, such as plan name, destination, and
mode.
Plan Name: Enter the name of the backup plan. The plan name allows up to 32
characters, and can only contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-), and
underscore (_). Space and period (.) is not allowed. Duplicate backup
plan name is also not allowed.
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Destination Description:
Destination
Local Share
(Figure 3.8.1-2)
External
Devices
(Figure 3.8.1-3)
Samba
Setting
Share folder
NAS Local share folder
Ext_Device
USB / eSATA Disk
Format
EXT3/NTFS/Not format
IP
Remote Samba/CIFS share folder IP address
Account
Login account
(Figure 3.8.1-4) Password
NFS
Description
Login password
path
Remote Samba/CIFS share folder name
IP
Remote NFS computer IP address
(Figure 3.8.1-5) Path
Figure 3.8.1-2
Remote NFS share folder name
Add a Plan to Backup to a Local Share
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Figure 3.8.1-3
Figure 3.8.1-4
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Add a Plan to Backup to Remote Samba (CIFS) Share
proNAS 3.1
Figure 3.8.1-5
Add a Plan to Backup to Remote NFS Share
Backup Mode: Default mode is a Full Backup. There are three options: Full Backup,
Incremental, and Differential
After setup is completed, click ‘Next’ to choose the share folder to be backed up.
Step 2:
From the Source File, select the file(s) or share folder(s) to be backed up.
Then click the Add icon
. The selected file(s) or share folder(s) will be
added to the Backup File list. Click ‘Next’ to go to the Backup Plan
Summary page for confirmation.
Figure 3.8.1-6
Step 2: Select Share Folder or File to Add to the Backup File List
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Step 3:
In Backup Plan Summary page, check the backup plan setup if correct
or need to be modified. Click ‘OK’ when done. The new backup plan will
be created.
Figure 3.8.1-7
Step 3: Confirm to Add New Backup Plan
Restore:
Select the backup plan name or click ‘Show All Plan Backup Record’, and
previous backup records will be shown (Figure 3.8.1-8). To restore a previous
backup record, click the restore icon
on the right side. A confirmation screen will
appear. Make sure the destination folder has enough space. Click ‘Yes’ to confirm.
The Restore Backup page (Figure 3.8.1-9) will appear. Select the folders or files
you want to be restored and click the Add icon
. The selected files or folders will
appear on the Restore File list. Finally select the destination share folder in
‘Destination’. Click ‘Restore’ when done. The backup data will be restored to the
specified destination share folder.
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Figure 3.8.1-8
Figure 3.8.1-9
Data Backup Plan List and Record List
Select the Share Folders and/or Files to be Restored
Edit: Select the backup plan name you want to be modified and click ‘Edit’. Click
‘Next’ to modify the backup plan.
Edit Backup Source File: Under ‘Source File’ list, select the file or share folder
you want to be added for backup and click the Add icon
.
The selected file or folder will appear on the ‘Backup File’ list
on the right. To delete a file or folder from Backup File list,
click the delete icon on the right of the file or folder. When
done, click ‘Next’ to go to Back Plan Summary page.
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Back Plan Summary:
Check the backup plan setup if correct or still need to be
modified. Click ‘OK’ when done. The backup plan
settings will be updated.
Delete Backup Plan: Click the delete icon
on the right side of the backup plan
name to be deleted (Figure 3.8.1-1). The Confirm window
will appear. Click ‘Yes’ to confirm deletion of the selected
backup plan.
The backup plan can also be defined with scheduled job in Schedule manager.
(See Chap 3.4.8)
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3.8.2
Data Copy
Data Copy is similar to Data Backup but doing only 1:1 copy to another
destination. It creates a full and exact copy of the selected data.
The Share Copy
backup function supports full copy backup of selected shared folder to backup
destination device. It also supports scheduled backup for automatic backup.
Supported backup destinations are: Local Share folder in NAS, External Devices
such as USB external disk, Samba (SMB/CIFS) remote share folder, and NFS
remote share folder.
Figure 3.8.2-1
Data Copy Plan and Record List
The backup plan can also be defined with scheduled job in Schedule manager.
(See Chap 3.4.8)
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Add Share Copy Backup: Click the ‘Add’ icon. The Add Backup window will
appear.
Figure 3.8.2-2
Step 1: Add a New Data Copy Plan
Step 1: Configure the basic backup plan settings, such as plan name and
destination. Click ‘Next’ when done.
Plan Name: Enter the name of the backup plan. Plan name allows up to 32
characters, and can only contain letters, numbers, hyphen (-), and
underscore (_). Space or period (.) is not allowed. Duplicate backup
plan name is also not allowed.
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Destination
Local Share
Setting
Description
Share Folder NAS Local share folder
Ext_Device
USB Disk
EXT3/NTFS /Not format. If set as EXT3 or NTFS, in
External
Devices
the first backup, system will format the external
Format
device as EXT3 or NTFS. If set as “Not format”,
system will automatically recognize the external
device's file system format after auto-mount.
Samba
NFS
Step 2:
IP
Remote Samba/CIFS share folder IP address
Account
Login account
Password
Login password
Path
Remote Samba/CIFS share folder name
IP
Remote NFS share folder IP address
Path
Remote NFS share folder name
Select the share folder or file to be backed up from Source File, and click
the Add button
. The selected share folder or file will appear on the
Backup File list in the right. Click ‘Next’ to go to Backup Plan Summary
confirmation page.
Figure 3.8.2-3
Step 2: Select Share Folder or File to Add to Backup File List
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Step 3:
In Backup Plan Summary page, check the backup plan setup if correct or
need to be modified. Click ‘OK’ when done. The new backup plan will be
created.
Figure 3.8.2-4
Step 3: Confirm to Add the New Backup Plan
Edit: Select the backup plan that you want to edit, and then click ‘Edit’ icon. Click
‘Next’ to modify the backup plan.
Edit Backup Source File: Under ‘Source File’ list, select the file or share folder
you want to be added for backup and click the Add icon
.
The selected file or folder will appear on the ‘Backup File’ list
on the right. To delete a file or folder from Backup File list,
click the delete icon on the right of the file or folder. When
done, click ‘Next’ to go to Back Plan Summary page.
Back Plan Summary: Check the backup plan setup if correct or still need to be
modified. Click ‘OK’ when done. The backup plan settings
will be updated.
Delete Back Plan: Click the delete icon
on the right side of the backup plan
name to be deleted (Figure 3.8.2-1). The Confirm window will
appear. Click ‘Yes’ to delete the selected plan.
The backup plan can also be defined with scheduled job in Schedule manager. (See
Chap 3.4.8)
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3.8.3
Replication Backup
Replication Backup supports block-level replication of data from one logical
volume of a NAS system to another logical volume of another NAS system. The two
logical volumes, which are setup with Replication Backup, will be similar to a
mirrored logical volume or Raid Level 1, and this enhances the logical volume data
protection. When data is written on the source NAS logical volume, the data in the
destination NAS logical volume is automatically synchronized. If the source NAS
fails, administrator can manually switch and connect directly to the second NAS for
continued data access.
Figure 3.8.3-1
Replication Backup List
Add Replication Backup: Click ‘Add’. The Add Replication window will be
displayed. Set the options below and click ‘OK’ when done.
Figure 3.8.3-2
Add New Replication Backup
Logic Volume: Select which Volume will be replicated
Interface: Select which NAS Ethernet port will be used for Replication connection
Local IP: Displays the local (source) NAS IP address that will be used for
Replication.
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Remote VG: Enter the VG name on the remote (destination) NAS where the
replicated logical volume will be created
Remote IP: Manually enter the remote (destination) NAS IP address that will be
used for Replication.
Port: Select a TCP port to bind locally and will be used to connect to the remote
NAS.
Buffer Size (KB): It is the size of the TCP socket send buffer. You can specify
smaller or larger values. Larger values are appropriate for
reasonable write throughput with asynchronous protocol over
high latency networks. Default is 512K and maximum is
2048K.
SyncRate (MB/s): This sets the limit of the bandwidth that will be used by the
synchronization process. Default is 30MB/sec. Minimum
value is 10MB/sec and maximum value is 1000 MB/sec – for
high latency network environment (e.g. bonding on Gigabit
Ethernet).
Time Out (Sec): It is the value to wait for connection timeout if the remote NAS
has failed. If the remote NAS fails to send the response packet
within the specified timeout time, the remote NAS will be
considered dead and the TCP/IP connection is abandoned. The
default is 6 sec. Minimum is 1 sec and maximum is 60 sec
Connection Type: There are two types of Replication Backup Connection:
Sync (Synchronous) - The system will acknowledge the transaction as
completed after the data is written to the logical volume of destination NAS.
It is recommended to use this mode. In most cases, this connection type
preserves transaction semantics. Write IO is reported as completed if it has
reached the remote logical volume.
Async (Asynchronous - for high latency network) - The system will
acknowledge the transaction as completed after the data is written to
system buffer. It provides faster transmission and is suitable for busy
network. Write IO is reported as completed if it has reached the local TCP
send buffer.
Lost Connect: When connection is lost, the Replication Backup can either go to
stand-alone mode or will try to reconnect.
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Reconnect: The Replication Backup will attempt to reconnect. (Default)
Stand-alone: The Replication Backup will not attempt to reconnect and will be
in stand-alone state. All IO requests are only passed locally and no replication.
NOTE: Before Replication Backup is successfully created, a 4GB
logical volume will be created on each NAS. This will serve as the
metadata device for the replicated volume. This volume is not
mounted and will not be seen on the NAS GUI. Please be sure to have
an extra 4GB available VG space on both source and destination NAS.
Initialize or Edit Replication: Select the Logical Volume name in Replication
Backup list, and then click ‘Edit’. The Edit Replication window will appear.
Figure 3.8.3-3
Modify Replication Backup
Initial Replication: Click “Initial Replication” to initialize the Replication Backup
for the selected Logical Volume.
Figure 3.8.3-4
Replication Backup Status
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NOTE: After setup of Replication Backup on a logical volume in source
NAS, a similar logical volume will be automatically created on the
destination NAS under the specified VG. At this point, the Replication
Backup is not yet initialized and no synchronization. Replication Backup
still needs to be initialized first. After selecting “Initial Replication” button,
the source NAS will then connect to the destination NAS and starts to
synchronize. Synchronization typically takes quite a while especially on
larger logical volume. After initialization, the source NAS should be in
"Primary" state and the destination NAS should be in "Secondary" state. If
this is the state, you have now a working Replication Backup. Initializing
the Replication is done in the source NAS.
Set Primary: To set the replicated logical volume in destination (Secondary) NAS
to be Primary, both NAS must be set first to Secondary state. This
can be done by setting the Primary NAS to be Secondary. After both
NAS becomes Secondary/Secondary, go to the NAS GUI of the
destination NAS. Edit the replicated logical volume and use the "Set
Primary" button.
Set Secondary: To set a Primary (source) logical volume to be Secondary
(destination), use the "Set Secondary" button on the Primary
NAS.
Force Sync: To manually force the synchronization, click the "Force Sync" button.
The data on the primary NAS will be forcefully synchronized to the
secondary NAS.
Reconnect: To reconnect a broken Replication Backup connection, click the
"Reconnect" button. At some point in time, if Replication Backup fails
to establish connection to the other NAS, you may try to re-establish
connection thru this button. This button will be enabled only if one of
the NAS losses connection.
Abort Replication: To abort or drop the replication, click the "Abort Replication"
button. After aborting replication, the data on the destination
logical volume (Secondary NAS) can be retrieved by accessing
the share folder under that destination logical volume, and the
share folder name is exactly the same as the share folder on the
source logical volume (Primary NAS).
NOTE: Snapshot and Thin Provisioning volumes do not support
Replication.
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Extending Logical Volume Size under Replication Backup
The following are the steps:
1. Abort the Replication Backup by selecting “Abort Replication” button.
2. Delete the replicated logical volume on the destination (Secondary) NAS.
3. Extend the size of the source logical volume in primary NAS. Please note
that there should be enough space on the VG of the destination NAS to
accommodate the extended logical volume space. For example, if the size
of source logical volume is now 3TB, the VG (“Remote VG”) on the
destination NAS must also have free 3TB space for creating the replicated
logical volume (Note that after aborting replication, the same logical
volume name can be deleted on the destination NAS to free up VG space).
4. Create a new Replication Backup using the extended logical volume on
primary NAS.
NOTE:
Extending the size of a Logical Volume under Replication Backup is not
allowed. However, there is a work around to extend the LV size. Note
that the extended LV size must not exceed 16TB.
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3.8.4
Snapshot Backup
Snapshot Backup creates a backup “copy” of a logical volume in specific
moment in time. This feature is Block Level. Snapshot Backup also supports
backup of iSCSI Target Volume and FC Target Volume, including scheduled
backup.
Figure 3.8.4-1
Add Snapshot:
Snapshot Backup List
Click the ‘Add’ icon. The Add Snapshot window will appear. Enter
the necessary information. Click ‘OK’ when done.
Figure 3.8.4-2
Create a New Snapshot Backup Plan
Logic Volume: Select the logical volume name that will be used to create
Snapshot Backup.
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Plan Name: Enter the name of the Snapshot Backup plan. The plan name can be
up to 32 characters, and can contain only letters, numbers, hyphen
(-), or underscore (_). Space or period (.) is not allowed. Duplicate
plan name is also not allowed.
Numbers:
This is the maximum number of snapshots. Default is 5. If the
maximum number of snapshots is reached, for example there are
now 5 snapshot backup, the next/newest snapshot will automatically
overwrite the first/oldest snapshot.
Setting Size (GB): This is the capacity that will be used in each snapshot backup.
If the amount of data in the logical volume exceeds the
capacity that will be used for the snapshot, the snapshot
backup will fail and can’t be used. In order to avoid such case,
it is advisable to set the snapshot capacity (Setting Size) the
same as logical volume size.
Logic Volume Type: The system will automatically detect the type of logical
volume, such as Default Volume, Logical Volume, Replication
Volume, iSCSI Volume, or FC Volume (5 types). This
information is for reference only and cannot be changed.
LV Free Size (GB): This is capacity of the selected logical volume. This
information is for reference only and cannot be changed.
Volume Group Name: This is the volume group name where the selected logical
volume was created. This information is for reference only
and cannot be modified.
VG Free Size (GB): This is the free space of the volume group name where the
selected logical volume exists. This information is for reference
only and cannot be modified.
NOTE: If a logical volume is already used for Snapshot Backup, the
logical volume can no longer be used to create another snapshot backup
plan. Only one snapshot backup plan is allowed to be created in a logical
volume.
Edit Snapshot: Select the Snapshot Backup plan name you want to edit and click
the ‘Edit’ icon. The Edit Snapshot window will appear. Only the
“Numbers” and “Setting Size (GB)” can be modified. Click ‘OK’
when done. The changes will be updated to the snapshot backup
plan.
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Delete Snapshot Backup Plan: Click the delete icon
on the right of the
snapshot backup plan name to be deleted. The Confirm
window will appear. Select the ‘Yes’ button to confirm
deletion.
Delete Snapshot Backup Record: Click the delete icon
on the right of the
snapshot backup record to be deleted. The Confirm window
will appear. Select the ‘Yes’ button to confirm deletion.
Figure 3.8.4-3
Confirm Message to Remove a Snapshot Backup Record
Restore Snapshot: Select the Plan Name that has the snapshot backup to be
restored. The previous snapshot backups will appear in the
Snapshot Record list. Click the ‘Restore’ icon on the right of
the snapshot backup to be restored (Figure 3.8.4-4). The
Snapshot Restore window will appear (Figure 3.8.4-5).
NOTE: Only snapshot backups of logical volumes can be restored.
Snapshot backups of iSCSI volumes or FC volumes cannot be restored.
However, there is a work around in order to access the data from
snapshot backup, and that is to create an iSCSI or FC target volume
using the snapshot backup volume (of the iSCSI volume or FC volume),
and then connect the client computer to the iSCSI or FC target volume.
2 Options for Restore:
Select “Select File Restore” to restore specific files or folders only and click
‘OK’. The Confirm window will appear (Figure 3.8.4-7). Click ‘Yes’. The Restore
Snapshot window will appear (Figure 3.8.4-8). Select the folder or file you want to
be restored, choose the Destination folder and click ‘Restore’. Data will be restored
to the Destination folder.
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Select “Full Volume Restore” and click ‘OK’. The Confirm window will appear
(Figure 3.8.4-6). Click ‘Yes’ to restore full volume data.
Figure 3.8.4-4
Figure 3.8.4-5
Figure 3.8.4-6
Snapshot Record List
Snapshot Restore Option
Confirm Message of Full Volume Restore Snapshot
Figure 3.8.4-7
Confirm Message to Restore Snapshot
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Figure 3.8.4-8
Select Share Folder or File to Restore
The Snapshot backup plan can also be defined with scheduled job in Schedule
manager. (See Chap 3.4.8)
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3.8.5
Volume Clone
Volume Clone can create fast replicate copy of one volume locally. One copy
and up to three copies can be created.
Clone Status: Status of clone job. If it shows Ready, a new clone can be created.
Step 1: Select Clone Source: Select the original volume which can be general
data volume, iSCSI or FC volumes. (Figure 3.8.5-1)
Step 2: Select Clone Destination: Select volume group to create the new
volume clone copy, define the name of new volume clone. If you want to clone
more than one copy, Click "Add" Figure 3.8.5-2). The maximum number of clones
is 3.
After configure, click "Start". The system will start cloning the volume after
confirming the Clone Summary (Figure 3.8.5-3).
While cloning, you can see the volume clone status (Figure 3.8.5-4).
NOTE: Snapshot and Thin Provisioning volumes do not support cloning.
Figure 3.8.5-1 Clone Manager
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Figure 3.8.5-2
Figure 3.8.5-3
Figure 3.8.5-4
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Clone More Than One Copy
Confirm Message to Clone Volume
The Status after Clone Volume
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3.8.6
Rsync Backup
Rsync is one of the popular remote backup solutions. Admin can use Rsync to
upload whole local share to remote share or download files from remote share. You
can create an Rsync backup plan by clicking "Add" button.
Figure 3.8.6-1 Rsync Backup
To add a new Rsync backup plan, the following need to be defined:
Plan Name: The name of Rsync plan. The name must be unique.
Local Share Folder
Share Folder: Select local share to do upload or download
Remote Share Folder
IP: the remote Rsync server IP
Account: the remote login name
Password: the login password
Path: The name or path of remote share
Mode: Specify to upload or download
Parameter: You can also define your own Rsync parameter here. Click ". . ."
button to setup additional options.
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Figure 3.8.6-2
Options to Create Rsync Backup Plan
After Rsync backup plan is created, you will see the new plan in the list. If need
to modify Rsync options, just select the plan and click ‘Edit’.
To immediately do Rsync backup, click icon
in the right column.
The Rsync backup plan can also be defined with scheduled job in Schedule
manager. (See Chap 3.4.8)
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3.8.7
System Configuration
System Configuration Backup can backup whole system configuration
including Array, volumes, shares and accounts. You can import the backup
configuration file to reconstruct the NAS configuration as before.
Configuration Backup: Click "Backup" button to backup the latest system
configuration and create a backup configuration file, for example nas-config.tgz.
Configuration Restore: Click "Select File" to select a backup configuration file to
restore.
Before restore, the system must be started with factory default settings and
without Array or volume.
Figure 3.8.7-1
System Configuration Backup and Restore
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3.8.8
Amazon S3
Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) is provided by the Amazon Pay online storage
services. NAS users through support for Amazon S3 to backup your important data
to Amazon S3, or download the data from Amazon S3 and to the NAS. Addition,
users can also function with built-in scheduler to set automatic backup task
Figure 3.8.8-1 Amazon S3
Add Amazon S3 backup plan:To add a new Amazob S3 backup plan, the following
need to be defined.
Figure 3.8.8-2 Add Amazon S3
Plan name: Amazon S3 project name, the name must be unique.
Transfer type: upload or Download Select local shared upload or download
Local Folder: Select the files needed to synchronize local folder
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Amazon S3 information:
Access key: enter the access key
Secret key: Enter the passkey
Bucket: When you have entered the correct information, you will be imported into
your account. Or create a new "Create New" and enter the bucket name, for
example: backup. Be created in any folder under the root directory is your buckets.
Your bucket name must be unique, meaning that all other users of the S3 bucket
differently. All files and folders will be stored in buckets in.
Get Amazon S3 account
Step 1: Registration Amazon Web Services account
Before using this service, you need to first obtain a personal Amazon S3 account
(http://aws.amazon.com/s3/). For details about the fees, see the Amazon web
services website.
Step 2: Get your Access Key ID and Secret Access Key
When you have completed the account application process, you will receive part of
your Access Key ID and Secret Access Key. Please keep this ID and key.
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If you accidentally lost your Access Key ID and Secret Access Key, please click on
"Your Account" and select "Security Credentials" to regain.
You can use the "Your Account" option at any time to review your account status,
payment information, and change your personal information.
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3.9 Attached Device Manager
3.9.1
Physical Device
When USB or eSATA storage device is attached to the NAS, the NAS detects it
as Physical Device (Figure 3.9.1-1). This device can be mounted and exported as a
Samba share folder (Figure 3.9.1-4). The detected device is also available as
backup destination.
Figure 3.9.1-1 Physical Device Manager
Figure 3.9.1-2 Format Attached Device
Format: The device can be formatted with NTFS, EXT3 or EXT4 file system.
Mount: If system recognized the file system in the attached device, it can be
mounted as Samba share folder.
Umount: Un-mount the device. The device will no longer be defined in Samba
service.
Figure 3.9.1-3 Mount and Share Attached
Figure 3.9.1-4 If Mounted, Attached Device
Device
can be Accessed from Windows Clients
NOTE: Please make sure the device is un-mounted before it is deattached
from NAS unit.
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3.9.2
ISO Mount
You can pick an ISO file in NAS then mount and export it as a Samba share
(Figure 3.9.2-4).
Add: Click to select a ISO File in the list. (See Figure 3.9.2-2)
Delete: Remove the ISO File from list.
Mount: Mount the ISO File and share it to a Samba share list (See Figure 3.9.2-3)
Umount: Umount the ISO File and remove from Samba share list
Figure 3.9.2-1
ISO Mount
Figure 3.9.2-3 Mount and Share ISO File
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Figure 3.9.2-2
Select ISO file
Figure 3.9.2-4 ISO Share in Samba
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3.9.3
iSCSI Initiator
iSCSI Initiator allow admnb to connect to iSCSI target, mount iSCSI volume,
format and export it as a Samba share (Figure 3.9.3-5)
Figure 3.9.3-1 iSCSI Initiator
Host List: (See Figure 3.9.3-1)
List All known iSCSI host list
Button in Host list
Add: Assign a new iSCSI host in list.
Delete : Remove a host from list
Initiator IQN: Some iSCSI target require IQN to logon. Enter the IQN for the
iSCSI host
After adding host, the target(s) will be displayed in the Targets List on the right.
Target List (See Figure 3.9.3-1)
List all targets from Hosts List.
Logon : Logon to Target and get all iSCSI disks list. (See Figure 3.9.3-2)
Logoff : Logoff from Target and release all iSCSI disks.
Refresh: Refresh the target list.
Figure 3.9.3-2
Log on iSCSI Target
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After logon target successfully, all iSCSI Disks will be shown in the Disks List.
(Figure 3.9.3-3)
Format: Format the iSCSI disk with EXT3, EXT4 or NTFS. (See Figure 3.9.3-4)
Mount: Mount the iSCSI disk and show in Samba share list. (See Figure 3.9.3-5)
Umount: Umount iSCSI disk and remove from Samba share list.
Figure 3.9.3-3
Disks List from iSCSI Target
Figure 3.9.3-4
Figure 3.9.3-5
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Format the iSCSI Disk
iSCSI Disk Share in Samba
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3.10
Plug-in Manager
The Plug-in Manager is for installing other software like backup agent, HA
services, etc.
Current Plug-in modules are CA ARCserve Backup Agent, NetVault Backup Agent,
Symantec Backup Exec Agent, CDP Agent and HA.
How To install
Please ask your vendor to get the latest plug-in modules.
Go to Plug-in Center and click "Add Plug-in Application" button at the upper
right side (Figure 3.10.1).
Choose what plug-in (Figure 3.10.2) to install then select plug-in file (Figure
3.10.3) to upload and install.
While installing, the status will be shown as Figure 3.10.4, After install
successful the new service will show up in Plug-in center (Figure 3.10.5).
Figure 3.10-1
Plug-in Manager
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Figure 3.10-2
Choose and Add Plug-in Application
Figure 3.10-3
Figure 3.10-4
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Select Plug-in File to Install
Status of Installing a Plug-in Application
proNAS 3.1
Figure 3.10-5
Figure 3.10-6
Plug-in Service Status after Install
Register or use Trial Version (Trial Period)
After Backup Agents is installed, it needs a related backup server to connect to.
Please contact the vendor of backup server for more information.
Register:
Some modules like CDP and HA needs to be registered (Figure 3.10.6). Please
contact the NAS vendor to get detailed information. You can test the functions as a
"Trial” version, and allows you to test within 30 days trial period.
NOTE: Installing un-official Plug-in modules is not allowed.
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3.10.1
NAS HA
What’s NAS HA?
NAS HA (High Availability) cluster provides solution for business continuity
with real time, continuous data replication and synchronization, which ensures that
if ever one NAS server/node becomes unavailable, due to failure or
maintenance-related downtime, the remaining NAS server/node can still provide
all services to client computers.
NAS HA can have 2-node HA cluster or 3-node HA cluster. All nodes in HA
cluster are active. This means in a 2-node HA cluster, for example NAS-1 and
NAS-2, resources from each node, such as NAS share folders, are accessible in
both nodes. In 3-node HA cluster, all 3-nodes resources are also accessible in all 3
nodes.
NAS HA Architecture
Figure 3.10.1-1 Two-nodes HA Cluster
In 2-node HA cluster, Logical Volumes in NAS-1 are replicated to NAS-2, and
Logical Volumes of NAS-2 are replicated to NAS-1.
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Figure 3.10.1-2 Three-nodes HA Cluster
In 3-node HA cluster, Logical Volumes in NAS-1 are replicated to NAS-2, Logical
Volumes of NAS-2 are replicated to NAS-3, and Logical Volumes of NAS-3 are
replicated to NAS-1.
NAS HA Setup Steps:
Configure NAS Host Names  Configure Network Settings  Configure Logical
Volumes and Share Folders   Install NAS HA Plug-in  Setup HA and Start HA
Service
NOTE: The VG (Volume Group, such as VG01) in each NAS nodes must
have enough VG free space for other NAS node to replicate Logical
Volumes. Check the size of Logical Volumes from each NAS node.
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1. Configure NAS Host Names
In System Manager -> General -> GUI -> Host Name, change NAS host
name.
Figure 3.10.1-3 NAS Host Name
NOTE: The Host Name of NAS nodes cannot be the same, i.e., each NAS
Host Name must be unique.
2. Configure Network Settings
In System Manager -> Network, configure LAN_0 and LAN_1 (default LAN
ports).
NAS HA service needs 2 LAN interfaces:
Public IP - for NAS configuration, also for client access
Private IP – for HA replication and heartbeat
Figure 3.10.3-4 Configure Network Settings
Please see Section 3.4.2 Network for more information to configure IP address.
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3. Configure Logical Volumes and Share Folders
Each NAS node requires least one Logical Volume to run HA.
In NAS GUI of one NAS node, go to Storage Manager -> Volume Group ->
VG name (example: VG01), create Logical Volume, for example “LV_1”. In
Storage Manager -> Share, create share folder under the Logical Volume,
for example “share01”. In the other NAS node, create different Logical
Volume name and Share Folder name.
Figure 3.10.1-5 Add Logical Volume
Please refer to Chapter 3.5 Storage Manager for more information to
configure LV and Share Folder.
NOTE: The Logical Volume names and Share Folder names can't be the
same between nodes. For example, if NAS-1 has Logical Volume LV_1,
then LV_1 must not exist in other NAS nodes, such as in NAS-2, or in
NAS-3 (in case of 3-node HA cluster). If Share Folder “share01” is
created in NAS-1, other NAS nodes cannot use same share folder name.
NOTE: When creating Logical Volumes, need to consider the size of the
Logical Volume and the VG free space on the other NAS node. For
example, in 2-node HA, NAS-1 has 5TB LV_1, and NAS-2 has 10TB LV_2.
NAS-1 VG must have 10TB free space for LV_2 to replicate, and NAS-2
VG must have 5TB free space for LV_1 to replicate.
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4. Install NAS HA Plug-In
When using NAS HA Cluster service, you need to install NAS HA Plug-in in each
NAS node that will be included in cluster.
Steps:
a. Expand Plug-In Manager, and click “Plug-In Center”.
Figure 3.10.1-6 HA Plug-In Center
b. Click the "Add Plug-In Application" to start the installation wizard.
Figure 3.10.1-7 Add Plug-In Application
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c. Click the “Install” button of HA item.
Figure 3.10.1-8 Install HA Plug-in
d. Click the “Browse” button to select the plug-in file, and click OK.
Figure 3.10.1-9 Select the HA Plug-in File
e. Installation is complete, click “Yes”.
Figure 3.10.1-10 HA Plug-in Installation Done
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f. You can select Trial, or Register and provide the license key file.
Figure 3.10.1-11 Select Trial or Register
Figure 3.10.1-12 HA in Trial Period
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5. Setup NAS HA and Start HA Service
a. Please expand Plug-In Manager, and click into “HA” page.
Figure 3.10.1-13 HA Plug-In
Figure 3.10.1-14 HA Setup Page
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b. Click “HA Cluster Quick Setup”
Figure 3.10.1-15 HA Cluster Quick Setup
c. Select NAS host names that will be included in HA cluster. Click Next.
Figure 3.10.1-16 Select NAS Host Names
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d. In Cluster Setting, setup the following:
Reference Node: IP address of other host or device on the network used to
verify NAS network access or connectivity, such as domain server IP
address or gateway IP address.
Virtual IP: Cluster IP address for client’s access. Use the Virtual IP address to
access Cluster resources, such as share folders of NAS nodes.
Public IP - for NAS configuration, also for client access
Private IP – LAN port for HA replication and heartbeat
Figure 3.10.1-17 HA Cluster Setting
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e. In “Conclusion page” verify all settings are correct and click “OK”.
Figure 3.10.1-18 Conclusion Page
f. Confirm setting, and select “Start Cluster after creating cluster
configuration” to automatically start HA service.
Figure 3.10.1-19 Confirm and Automatically Start HA Cluster
g. Cluster setup will be created. Please wait for several minutes (5 to 15
minutes).
Figure 3.10.1-20 Adding Cluster
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h. Logical Volumes in each node will be synchronized to other NAS node(s)
and will show progress status “Initializing”.
Figure 3.10.1-21 HA Cluster Initializing
NOTE: While the HA setup is initialized and Logical Volumes in each
NAS node is synchronized to other node(s), the Sync status can be
verified in Backup Manager -> Replication Backup.
Figure 3.10.1-22 Sample Replication Sync Status of Logical Volumes
NOTE: If Logical Volumes is not yet finished synchronizing to other NAS
node and one NAS node fails, the HA Fail-Over function will not work
properly.
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i. When synchronization is complete, status will show “active”. HA service is
working properly.
Figure 3.10.1-23 HA Cluster Status is Active
NOTE: When NAS nodes status show “active”, it means HA is working.
One NAS node can fail and the other NAS node can still provide the
resources from failing NAS node after fail-over.
HA Fail-Over
When one NAS node becomes unavailable, due to some problem such as
hardware failure, there is about 5 minutes fail-over time for the Virtual IP of
failing NAS node. After about 5 minutes, the remaining NAS node will have
taken over, and the Virtual IP of the failing NAS node will become accessible
again.
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Fail-Over Scenario
When one NAS node fails, the other NAS node will take over. In the example
below with 3-node HA cluster, when server A fails, after fail-over to server B,
the resources (i.e. Logical Volumes and share folders) from server A will be
accessible again from server B. Connect/access using the same Virtual IP of
server A.
Figure 3.10.1-24 Three-node HA Cluster
Figure 3.10.1-25 One Node Failed in HA Cluster
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Testing HA Fail-Over
HA Fail-Over can be tested by:
1. Shutdown one NAS node
2. Power off one NAS node
3. Remove LAN cables from one NAS node
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3.11
File Manager
File Manager is a web-based tool used to manage files and folders under a
share. The service is enabled by default. It can be disabled in Service Manager. If
File Manager service is enabled, all NAS users can logon NAS GUI via web browser
and use File Manager for quick maintenance of files (Figure 3.11-1). By default, if
admin login NAS GUI, he will be shown with the NAS management GUI. If admin
wants to switch to File Manager, click the small File Manager icon on the upper right
side, on the right side of "System Log" icon (Chap 3.2).
In the File Manager, all functions are listed in right top menu. File Manager
allows NAS users to do file editing like upload(Figure 3.11-8), download,
delete(Figure 3.11-3), rename(Figure 3.11-4), copy (Figure 3.11-6) or
move(Figure 3.11-7). Just need to make sure the NAS user have read and write
permission.
Figure 3.11-1
Figure 3.11-2
Create a New Folder
File Manager
Figure 3.11-3
Delete a File
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Figure 3.11-4
Rename a File
Figure 3.11-6
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Figure 3.11-5
Change File Owner
Copy a File to Selected Destination Folder
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Figure 3.11-7
Move a File to Select Destination Folder
Figure 3.11-8
Upload a File
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Figure 3.11-9
Change File or Folder Permission
If the NAS user account currently logged on in File Manager is the share owner,
he can change file or folder permission (See Figure 3.11-9) under the share.
Figure 3.11-10
Change User Password
If NAS users want to change their password, they can logon to File Manager to
change their password. This function is only for local NAS user accounts (Figure
3.11-10).
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3.12
General Limitation List
Here are some basic limitations list below.
GUI
Admin login
Single Admin login
Shortcut bar icon
Max :9
System Manager
NIC ports
Max: 8
Trunk device
Max: 4
Event Email Receiver
Max: 8
Storage Manager
Array Number
Max: 64
Volume Group Number
Max: 64
Logical Volume Number
Max: 512
Logical Volume Size
Max: 16 TB for ext3
1000 TB for others
Logical Volume
Min: 50GB
with Thin Provision Size
Max: 32 TB or Logical Volume Size x 4
iSCSI Target
Target Number
Max: 64
Connections
Max: 32
Volumes per Target
Max: 256
Initiators ACL per target
Max: 32
FC Target
Target Number
Max: 8
Volumes per Target
Max: 256
WWN ACL per target
Max: 32
Share
Number
Max: 512
ACL per share
Max: 64
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Account
Number
Max: 20000
Group
Number
Max: 20000
Member in group
Max: 200
Backup
Plan Number
Max: 128
Snapshots per volume
Max: 8
Snapshot Total Number
Max: 256
File Manager
Max node number in Tree
10000
Max node number in List
10000
Upload single file size
Max:5GB
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