ARGUS145 Manaul V1.8_EN
ARGUS 145 Manual
Version: 1.80 / EN
ARGUS 145
1

by intec Gesellschaft für Informationstechnik mbH
D-58507 Lüdenscheid, Germany, 2008
Alle Rechte, auch der Übersetzung, vorberhalten. Kein Teil des Werkes darf in irgendeiner
Form (Druck, Fotokopie, Mikrofilm oder einem anderen Verfahren) ohne schriftliche
Genehmigung reproduziert, vervielfältigt oder verbreitet werden.
All rights are reserved. No portion of this document may be reproduced, duplicated or
distributed in any form (print, copies, microfilm or on any other media) without intec’s
written permission.
Version: 1.80 / EN
2
ARGUS 145
1
Introduction ........................................................................................ 7
2
Safety Instructions ........................................................................... 11
3
Technical data .................................................................................. 12
4
Operation - a brief guide .................................................................. 13
5
Menu Hierarchy ................................................................................ 17
6
Start-Up ............................................................................................. 27
7
7.1
Setting the Type of Access ............................................................. 33
RC Measurements ............................................................................ 34
8
8.1
Selecting the Access mode ............................................................. 36
Operation on a BRI or U-interface access .................................... 36
8.1.1 TE-Simulation mode .................................................................. 36
8.1.2 NT-Simulation mode (optional) .................................................. 36
Leased Lines on an ISDN Access ................................................... 37
8.2.1 Voice connections on a leased line .......................................... 37
8.2.2 BERT on leased lines (permanent circuits) .............................. 38
8.2.3 Loopbox with a leased line ....................................................... 39
8.2.4 Time measurements on leased lines ........................................ 39
8.2.5 Monitor ..................................................................................... 40
8.2
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2
Operation on a POTS access .......................................................... 43
The ARGUS as a POTS terminal ..................................................... 43
9.1.1 Connection display. ................................................................... 44
POTS Monitoring .............................................................................. 46
Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses ............................ 47
The ARGUS in the ARGUS-ADSL Access Mode ............................ 50
10.1.1 Setting Up an ADSL Connection ............................................. 51
10.1.2 Clearing Down an ADSL Connection ...................................... 57
10.1.3 IPping ...................................................................................... 57
10.1.3 Traceroute test ........................................................................ 63
10.1.4 HTTP download ....................................................................... 66
10.1.5 FTP download ......................................................................... 70
10.1.6 FTP upload .............................................................................. 73
10.1.7 VPI/VCI Scan .......................................................................... 76
10.1.9. ATM OAM Ping ...................................................................... 77
10.1.8 ATM BERT (optional) .............................................................. 81
10.1.9 IPTV (optional) ........................................................................ 83
10.1.10 IPTV Scan (optional) ............................................................. 86
10.1.11 VoIP telephony (optional) ...................................................... 89
The ARGUS in the ARGUS-Bridge Access Mode .......................... 93
10.2.1 Setting the ARGUS-Bridge Access Mode ............................... 93
10.2.2 MDI analysis ............................................................................ 95
ARGUS 145
3
10.3
10.4
The ARGUS in Access mode - Router ............................................ 99
The ARGUS on an Ethernet Access ............................................. 102
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional) ......................................... 105
Setting Up an SHDSL 2-Wire Connection .................................... 107
Setting Up an SHDSL 4-Wire Connection .................................... 111
Setting Up an SHDSL 8-Wire Connection .................................... 114
Tests in the STU-R – ATM mode (2 and 4 wire) ........................... 116
Tests in the STU-C – ATM mode (2 and 4 wire) ........................... 116
Tests in the STU-R – ATM Router mode (2 and 4 wire) .............. 116
Tests in the STU-R – ATM Bridge mode (2 and 4 wire) .............. 117
Clearing Down an SHDSL Connection ......................................... 118
12
12.1
Tests on an ISDN Access .............................................................. 119
Test the Supplementary Services ................................................. 120
12.1.1 Suppl.serv.test for the 1TR6 protocol .................................... 120
12.1.2 Suppl.service interrogation in DSS1 ..................................... 121
Service test ..................................................................................... 125
Bit error test .................................................................................... 128
12.3.1 Start BERT ............................................................................ 130
12.3.2 BERT - saving ....................................................................... 134
12.3.3 Displaying the Saved BERT Results: .................................... 135
12.3.4 Bert wait ................................................................................ 136
12.3.5 B-channel loop ...................................................................... 137
X.31 Test ......................................................................................... 139
12.4.1 Automatic X.31-Test .............................................................. 139
12.4.2 Manual X.31 Test .................................................................. 142
CF Interrogation ............................................................................. 144
CF - Activation ................................................................................ 146
CF - Delete ...................................................................................... 147
MSN Interrogation .......................................................................... 148
Time measurements ...................................................................... 149
12.9.1 Connection set up time ......................................................... 149
12.9.2 Time measurement: B-channel delay ................................... 150
12.9.3 Time measurement: Interchannel delay ................................ 151
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
Connection ..................................................................................... 152
Setting up an ISDN connection ..................................................... 152
13.1.1 Overlap sending (outgoing call) ........................................... 153
13.1.2 En-bloc sending (outgoing call) ............................................ 155
13.1.3 Incoming Call (ISDN) ............................................................ 156
13.1.4 Redial .................................................................................... 157
Clearing Down an ISDN Connection ............................................ 158
Testing Features via the Keypad .................................................. 159
14
Test Manager .................................................................................. 160
4
ARGUS 145
14.1
14.2
14.3
Starting Several Tests to Run Simultaneously ............................ 160
Switching Between Tests .............................................................. 163
Cancel All ........................................................................................ 163
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.5
Test Results .................................................................................... 164
Start the automatic test ................................................................. 166
Display saved results ..................................................................... 169
Sending the Results of a Test to a PC .......................................... 170
Deleting the results of a test ......................................................... 170
Sending the results of all of the tests to a PC ............................. 171
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
Level measuring ............................................................................. 172
Level measuring on a BRI access ................................................ 172
Level Measurement on a U-interface Access .............................. 174
16.2.1 Measurement of the voltage on a U-interface access .......... 174
16.2.2 Measurement of the U-interface under load .......................... 174
Level measuring on a POTS access ............................................. 175
Level measuring on an ADSL access ........................................... 176
17
The L1 Status of a BRI Access ...................................................... 177
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
18.7
18.8
18.9
Configuration .................................................................................. 178
PC/Trace .......................................................................................... 178
Configuring Profiles ....................................................................... 179
Settings: ISDN ................................................................................ 198
Settings: BERT ............................................................................... 202
Settings: POTS .............................................................................. 204
Settings: X.31 Profile (optional) .................................................... 206
Settings: ARGUS settings ............................................................. 209
Saving Call Numbers ..................................................................... 211
Reset ................................................................................................ 212
19
Accu Servicing ............................................................................... 218
20
Firmware Update ............................................................................ 220
21
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
F)
G)
H)
I)
J)
K)
Appendix ......................................................................................... 223
ADSL Acronyms .............................................................................. 223
Vendor identification numbers ......................................................... 224
CAUSE-Messages – DSS1 Protocol ............................................... 227
CAUSE-Messages – 1TR6 Protocol ............................................... 229
ARGUS Error Messages ................................................................ 231
Error message: ADSL connection ................................................... 233
Error message: PPP connection ..................................................... 234
Error message: Download test ........................................................ 235
General Error Messages ................................................................. 238
ARGUS Messages - Script Errors ................................................... 239
ARGUS Messages - Routing Rules ................................................ 239
ARGUS 145
5
L)
M)
6
Software Licenses ........................................................................... 240
Index ............................................................................................... 241
ARGUS 145
1 Introduction
1 Introduction
With all of its options, the ARGUS 145 offers a comprehensive suite of test functions for
SHDSL (2-wire and 4-wire), ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ accesses as well as for analog, Uinterface and BRIaccesses.
The basic unit is equipped with ADSL2+ / ADSL2 / ADSL test functions; support for other
interfaces is optional (for a list of the standard equipment, see the included data sheet).
With an IP-PING and Traceroute functions (HTTP and FTP download as well as FTP
upload), the ARGUS 145 is also well equipped for checking Internet connections.
Additionally, the ARGUS 145 has a Router Replacement mode with support for DHCP
(Client and Server) and an Ethernet Through mode so that data packets can be exchanged
with Internet providers to determine the transmission quality on an Internet connection. An
10/100BaseT Ethernet interface is also included.
A VoIP simulation and an IPTV analysis function are also available as options with which
you can test the upper layers and evaluate speech and video data.
The ARGUS 145 is also a comprehensive ISDN tester, complete with a D-channel monitor.
When used on a 2-wire interface, it supports high-impedance monitoring with voltage
measurement (with an automatic check for interference voltage).
In addition, the ARGUS 145 measures the resistance (loop) and capacitance (open) of the
voltage-free (disconnected) two-wire line.
The ARGUS 145's integrated USB interface supports the rapid transfer of data between the
ARGUS and a PC or notebook - for example to download measurement data previously
saved in the tester's memory.
An overview of some important ARGUS functions:
Determining the ADSL connection parameter
Displays the connection's most important upstream/downstream parameters.
-
maximum ATM bit rate
-
fast or interleaved ATM bit rate
-
signal to noise ratio
-
output power
-
line attenuation
-
relative capacitance
etc.
ARGUS 145
7
1 Introduction
Displays the upstream/downstream ATM cell errors and - in conjunction with an Alcatel
ATU-C - bit error statistics
-
Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
-
Forward Error Correction (FEC)
-
Header Error Checksum (HEC)
-
Fast / Interleaved Bit Error
-
Fast / Interleaved Errored Seconds
etc.
- Displays the maker of the ATU-C chip.
ATM Tests
- VPI/VCI scan
- ATM ping
- ATM statistics
ATM BERT (optional)
IP Functions
- IP ping
- Traceroute function
- Download tests (HTTP and FTP)
- FTP upload test
VoIP terminal simulation (optional)
IP video tests (optional)
- Broadcast TV (IPTV)
- Video on Demand (VoD)
- TV scan
- MDI analysis
- Online trace
Ethernet Functions
R/C measurement on two-wire lines
Measurement of the loop resistance and the capacitance of the open (voltage-free) line
SHDSL Functions (optional)
- Displays all of the important SHDSL connection parameters
- Displays the error counters
- Supports all “ATM/IP functions”
8
ARGUS 145
1 Introduction
ISDN Functions (optional):
- Protocol recognition and B-channel test
After you select the operation mode, the ARGUS will automatically determine the protocol
used by the access under test and will then test the availability of the B-channels.
- Telephony function
Can a telephone call be placed from this access to every other number and/or can this
access receive a call?
- Automatic service test
Does the access being tested support connections with the most important services, such
as, ISDN telephone service, Group 4 - facsimile or data transmission at 64 kbit/s etc.?
- Bit Error Tests - BERT (evaluation in accordance with G.821)
Performs a BERT in an extended call to itself, via a loopbox or in end-to-end operation. The
ARGUS will, if needed, handle the loopbox function itself.
- Automatic supplementary services test
The ARGUS automatically tests the supplementary services made available by the
exchange.
- Leased line tests – tests permanent circuits with BERT and speech
- Automatic detection of the MSN of the access being tested
- Automatic and Manual X.31 Test
- D-channel monitoring on the Basic Rate Interface
All of the D-channel signals are captured and passed to the serial interface.
When passively monitoring, the ARGUS does not affect Layer 1.
- Layer 1 and Bus Feed Test
Measures and evaluates the phantom feed and the levels of the ISDN send and receive
signals of the NTBA or PBX.
- Testing Features with the Keypad
Manual test possibilities in the so-called keypad mode. If the network supports this feature,
the user can send a command sequence and can then test service features in a dialog.
ARGUS 145
9
1 Introduction
POTS Functions (optional):
- POTS (analog) functionality
Tests CLIP and other Caller-ID services in accordance with ETS 300 659/778.
- Monitoring a POTS line (high-impedance listening-in)
- POTS - Voltage and Polarity Measurement
- The Access Acceptance Report
When the ARGUS is linked to a PC via the USB interface, it is, as an example, possible to
create and print a comprehensive test report on the PC.
Should you have any further questions, please contact us:
intec Gesellschaft für Informationstechnik mbH
Rahmedestr. 90
D-58507 Lüdenscheid
Tel.: +49 (0) 2351 / 9070-0
Fax: +49 (0) 2351 / 9070-70
www.argus.info
support@argus.info
10
ARGUS 145
2 Safety Instructions
2 Safety Instructions
ARGUS ISDN-Testers may only be used with the included accessories. Usage of other
accessories may lead to erroneous measurements and could even damage the ARGUS
and the connected installation. The ARGUS is only to be used in accordance with the
instructions in this documentation. Any other usage may result in bodily injury and
destruction of the ARGUS.
-
To prevent electrical shocks or damage to the ARGUS, do not connect it to lines
with voltages in excess of 100 V!
-
Never attempt a measurement with the case open!
-
The ARGUS is not watertight. Protect the ARGUS from exposure to water!
-
Before replacing the battery (see Page 16), disconnect all the test leads and
switch the ARGUS off.
-
Make certain that the polarity is correct when connecting the accumulators!
-
Unplug the power supply from the mains, once the ARGUS is switched off and will
no longer be used (for example after recharging the accumulators)!
Return and environmentally acceptable disposal
The RoHS (EU Directive on the “Restriction of Hazardous Substances”) guidelines, which
restrict the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment,
apply in eight of the ten categories of the WEEE (EU Directive on “Waste Electrical and
Electronic Equipment”) guidelines. Devices which are in Category 9 “Monitoring and
Control Instruments” are currently excluded from the scope of the Directive. The ARGUS
products fall into Category 9 and are thus not subject to the RoHS guidelines. Nonetheless,
we have decided to voluntarily ensure that ARGUS products built since 1 January 2007
satisfy all of the RoHS guidelines.
Since October 2005 in compliance with WEEE (EU Directive on Waste of Electrical and
Electronic Equipment) 2002/96/EU and the German Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Act (ElektroG - Elektro- und Elektronikgerätegesetz), we have begun marking our testers
with the following symbol
(
) (DIN EN 50419).
In other words, the ARGUS may not be disposed of in the household waste.
ARGUS 145
11
3 Technical data
Regarding the return of old equipment, please contact our Service department.
3 Technical data
Dimensions / Weight
Inputs / Outputs
Height 235 mm, width 97 mm,
- RJ-45 for the ISDN interface
depth 55 mm
- RJ-45 for the 2-wire interface
Weight 600 g (without
- RJ-45 10/100 Base-T Ethernet for Bridge Mode
accumulators)
and Ethernet
- 1 DC jack for an external power supply
-
USB-B jack USB Client interface
- 1 RJ-11 (serial interface)
- 2.5 mm jack to connect a headset
Keypad
25 Keys
LC display
Temperature ranges
LCD display with switchable
Operating Temperature: 0 °C to +50 °C Storage
background lighting
temperature: -15 °C to +70 °C
67mm x 40mm
Humidity: up to 95% relative humidity, non-
128 x 64 pixels
condensing
Memory
Power supply
RAM: 32 Mbyte
4 NiMH AA accumulators or
Flash: 64 Mbyte
9 V/800 mA ARGUS electronic plug-in power
supply
12
ARGUS 145
4 Operation - a brief guide
4 Operation - a brief guide
Receiver inset
LEDs
LC display
Softkeys
Return key
Confirmation key
Cursor keys
Shift key
Layer 1 measurement
Numerical keypad
Calling
Pickup / Hang up
Power / Display backlighting
Microphone
Power key
- Switch the ARGUS ON
- To start up again after a power down
- To switch on the display backlighting
In battery mode to save power, the backlighting will switch off
automatically after an adjustable period of time - see Page 210.
- Switch off the ARGUS (must be pressed somewhat longer)
If the ARGUS is connected to its power supply, it will automatically
charge its accumulators when switched off (see Page 218).
Confirmation key
- Open menu
- The ARGUS will open the next display.
- Start the test
- Confirm the entry
ARGUS 145
13
4 Operation - a brief guide
Return key
- The ARGUS will return to the previous display and ignore any entries
made at this level, e.g. changes to the settings
- Test - interrupting
Cursor keys
- Scroll through the display lines (vertical cursor keys)
- Scroll through a display line (horizontal cursor keys)
Select a menu
Select a function or a test
Telephony
- Pickup or hang up
- Simplified overlap signalling: press the Telephone key twice
Layer 1 measurement
- BRI or U-interface access: start the Layer 1 measurement (level/voltage)
- ADSL or SHDSL access: display the line parameters
Numerical keypad
- Entry of the digits 0....9, letters and special characters
- Direct function call
Softkeys
The function of the 3 softkeys varies with the situation. The current
function of each softkey is shown in the bottom, highlighted line of the
display.
Shift key
In some tests, an “S” will be shown in the uppermost line in the display.
This indicates that the softkeys are assigned twice. In such a case, press
the Shift key to change the function of the softkey (see Page 90).
14
ARGUS 145
4 Operation - a brief guide
Connectors at top
PWR
Connection for the external plug-in power supply.
If the plug-in power supply is connected, the
ARGUS will disconnect the accumulators and,
when
it
is
switched
off,
the
ARGUS
will
automatically recharge the accumulators (see
Page 218).
SER.
Serial interface to connect a PC
USB
USB interface to connect a PC
Connector for a headset
Connections at bottom
“Link” LED
signals that a
physical
connection has
been established
to another
Ethernet port
“Data” LED
signals the
presence of
data traffic
S0/BRI
Connection for a BRI (S-Bus) Pin assignment 3/4/5/6
Line
Connection to an SHDSL Pin assignment 3/6 and
access
4/5
Connection to a POTS or U Pin assignment 7/8
interface
Connection
Pin assignment 7/8
to
an
ADSL
access
LAN
Connection to the PC's network card via
the X-crossed patch cable
(Access mode: ARGUS Bridge and ARGUS Router)
Connection to the Ethernet interface of the
ADSL modem via the 1:1 patch cable
(Ethernet Connection)
ARGUS 145
15
4 Operation - a brief guide
Replacing the accumulators
The compartment for the four accumulators (rechargeable batteries) is located on the back
of the case. Unscrew the screws to remove the cover of the case and insert the
accumulators in accordance with the polarity marking. For important information regarding
the accumulators, please see Page 218
Power Down
In accu/battery operation, if the ARGUS is idle for an adjustable period of time (see Page
210), it will automatically switch to power-down mode (power down). The ARGUS will
remain in power-down mode until the Power-Key is pressed again.
Reasonably enough, the ARGUS will not enter power-down mode during a test (e.g.
Loopbox) or when it is in Trace mode.
As an alternative, it is possible to operate the ARGUS using the included power supply. If
the ARGUS is connected to the plug-in power supply, it will automatically disconnect the
accumulators and will not enter power-down mode.
16
ARGUS 145
5 Menu Hierarchy
5 Menu Hierarchy
Switch the ARGUS ON
The Accu
Servicing menu
will now open (see
Page 218)
The Main Menu, which contains all of
the available menus, will open.
ADSL
SHDSL 2-wire (optional)
Menu
Access
SHDSL 4-wire (optional)
SHDSL 8-wire (optional)
Selection of the physical
access
Ethernet
BRI interface (optional)
U-interface (optional)
POTS interface (optional)
RC Measurements
The Access Mode menu will
open automatically
BRI, U-
Menu
Access mode
TE automatic
TE P-P
TE P-MP
NT P-P (BRI only)
NT P-MP (BRI only)
Monitor (BRI only)
Leased line
POTS
SHDSL
ARGUS 145
POTS terminal
POTS monitor
ADSL
17
5 Menu Hierarchy
ADSL
ARGUS-ADSL
ARGUS Bridge
ARGUS Router
SHDSL
STU-R - ATM
STU-C - ATM
STU-R - ATM Bridge
STU-R - ATM Router
STU-R - TDM
STU-C - TDM
BRI, U-
Menu
Single
tests
Bit Error Test
BERT start / BERT wait / B-channel Loop
Supplementary
Services
Service tests
Automatically / Manually
X.31 Test
CF Interrogation
CF Activation
CF - Delete
MSN Interrogation
Connection display.
Time measuring
POTS
Conn. setup time / Propagation time /
Interchan.delay
Telephony
IP ping
Traceroute
ADSL
Ethernet
HTTP download
FTP download
FTP upload
VPI / VCI scan
ADSL only
ATM OAM ping
ADSL only
ATM BERT
ADSL only
IPTV
IPTV Scan
SHDSL
18
MDI analysis
VoIP telephone
ARGUS 145
5 Menu Hierarchy
In Access mode
SHDSL
STU-R - ATM
STU-R - ATM Router
IP ping
Traceroute
HTTP download
FTP download
FTP upload
VPI / VCI scan
ATM OAM ping
ATM BERT
(not for router)
IPTV
IPTV Scan
MDI analysis
(only for router)
VoIP telephone
In Access mode
STU-C - ATM
VPI / VCI scan
ATM OAM ping
ATM BERT
In Access mode
STU-R - ATM Bridge
MDI analysis
Menu
Line - Status
ADSL, SHDSL
Display the current connection parameters,
Can also call up the display by pressing the
Menu
Test Manager
BRI
-
Start new one
End all
Administration of tests or connections
running in parallel
ARGUS 145
19
5 Menu Hierarchy
View
Menu
Test Results
Test data to PC
Delete
All tests to PC
The ARGUS displays the saved
test results and sends them to the PC. An
automatic test sequence can be run on a
BRI access.
Start
Remote end
BRI
Menu
Level Measuring
(ISDN
only)
other TE
PO
POTS a/b polarity
UFeed voltage U
Power U
Voltage
ADSL
Polarity
Menu
L1 status
The ARGUS displays the current
status of Layer 1.
BRI
PC/Trace
Menu
Settings
The ARGUS can be configured to
suit special requirements.
The parameters are clearly
organised in submenus (e.g. all
the ISDN parameters are in the
ISDN submenu)
The default (factory) settings can
be restored by selecting “Reset”.
20
Profile
Line parameters ADSL
ADSL mode
Rated value
and Shutdown mode
SHDSL
Spectrum
Clock/framing
Channel selection
(TDM)
Data rate (ATM)
Power back off
EOC usage
Sync word
Message mode
Vendor Info Field
Wire pair
Protocol
PPPoE, PPPoA, IPoA,
IP, EoA, and PPTP
PPP
User name
Password
Setting the WAN IP
Activation delay
ARGUS 145
5 Menu Hierarchy
PPTP
Server IP address
ATM
Default VC
Multicast VC
VPI / VCI
Encapsulation
VC used
VPI / VCI
Encapsulation
Auto ATM
LAN
IP mode
own IP address
IP netmask
Gateway IP address
DHCP server
Start / End address
Domain
Reservation period
DHCP timeout
MAC address
VLAN
VLAN used
ID
Priority
WAN
IP mode
own IP address
IP netmask
remote IP address
DHCP timeout
MAC address
VLAN
Bonding
Auto
IMA 1.0
IMA 1.1
Router
NAT on/off
DNS server
DNS Server 1 and 2
VLAN used
ID
Priority
Data Log
DHCP Vendor ID
Format
ASCII data
Hex data
DHCP Vendor Info
Format
ASCII data
Hex data
DHCP User Class I.
Format
ASCII data
Hex data
DHCP Userdef.Option Number
format
ASCII data
Hex data
ARGUS 145
21
5 Menu Hierarchy
Test
parameters
22
IP ping
IP address
Number of pings
Pause
Packet size
Fragmentation
Traceroute
IP address
Maximum hops
Probes
Timeout
HTTP download Server profile -
Server
Download filename
Upload filename
Upload file size,
User name
Password
Qty
Profile name
FTP download
Server profile -
Server
Download filename
Upload filename
Upload file size
User name
Password
Qty
Profile name
FTP upload
Server profile -
Server
Download filename
Upload filename
Upload file size
User name
Password
Qty
Profile name
VPI / VCI scan
VPI
VCI
Qty
Timeout
ATM OAM ping
VPI / VCI
Number of pings
Timeout
OAM cell type
ARGUS 145
5 Menu Hierarchy
ATM BERT
Duration
VPI / VCI
Bit pattern
Error level
HRX value
Data rate
IPTV
IPTV profile
Type of stream
Server Address
Multicast address
Port
Filename
IGMP version
RTSP type
Jitter buffer
Limit values
Profile name
VoIP
VoIP profile
Objectives
SIP
Protocol
User name
Password
Call Acceptance
Silence detection
Jitter buffer
Jitter buffer size
Codec
Profile name
IPTV Scan
Scan profile
Channel selection
IGMP Version
Max. switchover
time
Profile name
MDI analysis
Mode
Scan time
Multicast address
Port
IP Header used
MDI limit values
Delay factor
Media loss rate
Packet loss in %
Profile name
ARGUS 145
23
5 Menu Hierarchy
ISDN
L1 permanent?
Protocol
Alerting mode
Clock mode
Call parameter
Services
Call acceptance
Voice coding
DTMF / Keypad
Destination number
MSN
CUG Index
Keypad
BERT
BERT time
Bit patt. BRI/U
Bit pattern SHDSL
Error level
HRX value
POTS
Dial mode
POTS CLIP
DTMF parameter
Level
Duration
DTMF interval
Defaults
FLASH time
24
ARGUS 145
5 Menu Hierarchy
X.31 profile
X.31 profile
ARGUS settings
Menu language
Packet number
TEI
LCN
packet size
Agree packet size
Window size
Agree window size
Throughput
Agree throughput
Enter user data
CUG
CUG Index
D bit
Facilities
Profile name
LCD contrast
Enter date / time
PC Interface
V.24 Baud rate
Alarm bell
Power Down
Software option
Numbers
Reset
Menu
Accu Servicing
ARGUS 145
Loading
Discharging &
Charging
25
5 Menu Hierarchy
26
ARGUS 145
6 Start-Up
6 Start-Up
Using the included cable connect the ARGUS to the access to be tested and then switch
the ARGUS on by pressing the
-key.
The ARGUS is in largest part operated with the four cursor keys, the confirmation key ✓ ,
the return key X and the three softkeys. The current assignment of the three softkeys is
shown in the lower line of the display.
On the following pages, only the softkey's meaning in the respective context is shown enclosed in brackets< >, e.g. < NO>.
Start-Up Display:
Display the last set up access, access mode and
the state of accumulator charge (when operating on
battery power – power supply not connected)
Level of accumulators'
Type of access
Operating mode
Current assignment of the
softkeys
Accu Servicing,
see Page 218
The displayed parameters will
not be accepted. The Access
menu will now open (see Page
33):
Activation of the displayed
parameter. The ARGUS starts
the initialization phase and
then shows the status display
(Page 31).
Name of the menu
Marked
Type of access
Using the cursor keys, you can
scroll down.
ARGUS 145
27
6 Start-Up
Press
Press
Press
The ARGUS will set the type of access to the one marked with the .
If you set the type of access to BRI,U-interface, ADSL or SHDSL 2-wire (4wire), the Access mode menu will open.
Select a type of access; the selected type will be marked with a (in the
example, ADSL)
Return to the previous display without changing to marked type of access
Use the cursor keys to select which type of physical access is to be tested. The Access
Mode menu will open automatically(see Chapter. 8 Page 36).
Example - on an ADSL access:
Name of the menu
Marked
Access mode
Press
The ARGUS will set the type of access to the one marked with the .
Afterwards, the ARGUS will start the initialisation phase.
Press
Select a type of access; the selected type will be marked in the
display with a (in the example, ARGUS-ADSL)
Press
28
to return to the previous display without changing to the marked type
of access
ARGUS 145
6 Start-Up
Initialization phase on a BRI or U-Interface access:
Next the ARGUS will setup Layer 1. While it is setting up Layer 1, the L1 LED above the
display will blink. If the ARGUS cannot setup Layer 1, it will display the message “No Net”.
As soon as Layer 1 is successfully setup, LED L1 Sync will light continuously.
When the ARGUS is operated on a U -interface access, it can take up to 2.5 minutes to
activate Layer 1.
Once Layer 2 has been setup, the “L2 Rx/Tx” LED will light.
If both modes (P-P / P-MP) are found when Layer 2 on the D-channel is checked,
the mode must be selected manually (see Page 36).
If everything has been correctly detected, the ARGUS will display the type and mode of
access found. Additionally, a qualitative assessment of the level will be displayed.
The ARGUS will automatically determine the protocol (in both TE and NT mode) or use the
manually selected protocol (see Page 198). On a bilingual access, the ARGUS will use
both (DSS1/1TR6) protocols.
The “L3 Conn” LED will light after the ARGUS has setup Layer 3.
At the same time the ARGUS will start the B-channel test. The results will be displayed on
the ARGUS. If an error occurs in the B-channel test (e.g. access is not plugged-in), the
ARGUS will either repeat the initialization or show an error message ((see page 231
ARGUS Error Messages)). The ARGUS will then show the Status display.
ARGUS 145
29
6 Start-Up
ARGUS State display
Status display on a BRI access
The ARGUS displays the following:
- Access type (e.g. BRI)
- Access mode
TEs
TE Simulation Slave Mode (see Page
TEm
199)
NTs
TE Simulation Master Mode
NTm
NT Simulation Slave Mode
FVs
NT Simulation Master Mode
Leased Line Slave Mode, see
- Bus configuration (D-channel Layer 2 mode)
P-P
Point-to-Point
P-MP
Point-to-Multipoint
D-channel protocol (in the example, DSS1)
- The availability of the B-channels
Both B-channels are available
B12
Only B-channel 1 is available
B1Only B-channel 2 is available
B-2
No B-channel is available
B-If only one B-channel is available, this
can have an impact on the service check
and the testing of the supplementary
services.
ARGUS
Main Menu
- Level and voltage evaluation
Level/Voltage is OK
OK
Level/Voltage is too low
<<
Level/Voltage is too high
>>
No level/voltage
None
Emergency supply
OK Rev
<START>
Repeat the B-channel test.
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.Page 32
<CONFIG>
The ARGUS opens the configuration
menu (see Page 198)
It must be mentioned again, that the ARGUS only determines the general bus status once
when switched on or when the ARGUS first connected. On the other hand, the status of the
protocol stacks for Layers 1, 2 and 3 will be continually monitored and displayed.
30
ARGUS 145
6 Start-Up
ARGUS State display
on an ADSL access
The ARGUS displays the following:
- Access mode (e.g. ARGUS ADSL)
- Profile used (see Page 179)
- ADSL mode
- Access interface's DC voltage
<START>
Setup an ADSL connection (see Page
179)
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.Page 32
<PROFIL>
The ARGUS opens the configuration
menu (see Page 179)
Choose between the two display
options
ARGUS State display
on an SHDSL access
The ARGUS displays the following:
- Access mode
- Profile used (see Page 179)
- SHDSL mode (e.g. Annex B )
- Supply voltage on the SHDSL line
Choose the desired
display
ARGUS State display
on a POTS access
<START>
Setup an SHDSL connection (see
Page 107)
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.Page 32
<PROFIL>
The ARGUS opens the configuration
menu (see Page 179)
Display:
Voltage when idle
ARGUS 145
31
6 Start-Up
ARGUS - Main menu
For clarity, all of the available “actions” (commands) are logically organised in menus. All of
the menus, which are available for the type of access under test, are listed in the Main
menu.
Example - on an ADSL access:
The display currently shows
the top line of the list.
Marked menu
Using the cursor keys, you
can scroll down.
Press
to have the ARGUS open the menu marked with the .
Press
to select a menu. The selected menu will be marked in the display
with a .
Press
to return to the previous menu (in the example, the Status display).
Available menus:
BRI or
U-interface
POTS access
ADSL access
SHDSL access
Ethernet
Single Tests
Single Tests
Single Tests
(dependent on the
Access mode)
Single Tests
(dependent on the
Access mode)
Single Tests
Test results
Test results
Test results
Test results
Test results
Line - Status
Line - Status
(dependent on the
Access mode)
Test Manager
Level measuring
Level measuring
Level measuring
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Configuration
Access
Access
Access
Access
Access
Accu servicing
Accu servicing
Accu servicing
Accu servicing
Accu servicing
Help
Help
Help
Help
Help
L1 state
32
ARGUS 145
7 Setting the Type of Access
7 Setting the Type of Access
If the parameters displayed at power on are not accepted, the Access menu will open
automatically. The Access menu can, however, be opened from the Main menu at any
time.
In the Access menu, select the type of physical access to which the ARGUS will be
connected. When the ARGUS is restarted, the settings used last will be suggested as the
default.
If you use the ARGUS on a BRI in an ISDN system, whose specifications deviate from the
(DIN ETS 300 102) standard, such as those of some networked PBXs, you must take these
manufacturer-specific modifications into account. In such cases, please contact the
distributor of your ISDN PBX for assistance.
Using the cursor keys select the desired type of
access.
Confirm the access. If you set the type of
access to BRI,U-interface, ADSL or SHDSL
2-wire (4-wire), the Access mode menu will
open (see Page 36).
Return to the previous display without
changing to marked type of access. The
following applies for all displays: The
ARGUS will return to the previous display
and ignore any changes made.
ARGUS 145
33
7 Setting the Type of Access
7.1 RC Measurements
In a copper line test, the ARGUS will measure the line’s resistance (loop) and capacitance
(open). Use the included cable to connect the ARGUS (Line jack) to the test points. Switch
the ARGUS on.
The line must be voltage-free (out of service) for the RC
measurement!
Open the Main menu and select the Access menu.
Select RC Measurements
The ARGUS will first determine the resistance. If the
resistance test shows that the line is open (infinite
resistance), the ARGUS will determine the
capacitance.
The ARGUS displays the resistance measured. The
capacitance will not be displayed, since it is a closed
line.
In addition, the ARGUS calculates the approximate line
length based on the line-specific resistance of the line
(in the example 6.25 km based on a line-specific
resistance of 160 Ohm/km).
<Ω
Ω/KM +>
increase the line-specific resistance
(max. value of 300 Ohm/km)
<Ω
Ω/KM ->
decrease the line-specific resistance
(min. value of 20 Ohm/km)
<NEW>
Repeat the test.
Resistance measurement:
200 Ohm to 20 kOhm (precision 4%)
34
ARGUS 145
7 Setting the Type of Access
The ARGUS displays the capacitance. The resistance
is out of the range of the ARGUS (greater than 20
kOhm). The line is open.
<pF/M +>
increase the line-specific capacitance
(max. value of 55 pF/m)
<pF/M ->
decrease the line-specific capacitance
(max. value of 35 pF/m)
< NEW >
To repeat the measurement
Capacitance measurement:
1 nF to 1 µF (precision 10%)
ARGUS 145
35
8 Selecting the Access mode
8 Selecting the Access mode
The Access mode menu is not selectable from the
Main menu. It opens automatically once the physical
access has been selected in the Access menu.
Using the cursor keys, select the type of access (e.g.
ARGUS-ADSL).
Confirm the Access mode.
The ARGUS will open the State display.
8.1 Operation on a BRI or U-interface access
8.1.1 TE-Simulation mode
TE automatic
On a BRI or U-interface access, the ARGUS will automatically determined the D-channel
Layer 2 mode (PP or P-MP). If the ARGUS determines that the access supports both
modes, a configuration menu will open in which you can select the desired L2 mode
TE P-P or TE P-MP
Afterwards, the access and the protocol stack will be initialized in accordance with the
selected setting.
8.1.2 NT-Simulation mode (optional)
NT P-P or NT P-MP
Afterwards, the access and the protocol stack will be initialized in accordance with the
selected setting.
36
ARGUS 145
8 Selecting the Access mode
8.2 Leased Lines on an ISDN Access
Besides dial-up connections to any subscriber, ISDN also supports the use of permanent
circuits switched to a specific remote location (leased lines). These leased lines
(permanent circuits) are available after setting up Layer 1, in other words after
synchronizing both terminals by exchanging HDLC-frames. The location where the clock is
generated can be selected (see Page 199).
As a quick test of a permanent circuit, you can simply set up a voice call to the opposite end
using a selected B-channel. However, for a more revealing test of a leased line, you should
perform a bit error rate test.
Both ends of the leased line (permanent circuit) must use the same channel.
8.2.1 Voice connections on a leased line
In the Access mode menu select the setting LL (leased
line, i.e. permanently switched line). The ARGUS State
display will open (showing LL) .
The ARGUS will open the B-channel
selection.
The ARGUS displays the B-channels
available. Use the vertical cursor keys to
select a B-channel or enter the number of the
B-channel on the keypad (first press < DEL>).
State display:
BRI LLs
The ARGUS will setup the voice connection
and display the B-channel used (e.g. B01)
together with the duration of the permanent
switch circuit (leased line connection) in
hours:minutes:seconds.
<LOUD> Increases the volume.
<TM>
Start Test Manager (see Page 160). Another
connection can be setup.
Terminate leased line,
the ARGUS will open the Status display.
ARGUS 145
37
8 Selecting the Access mode
8.2.2 BERT on leased lines (permanent circuits)
A number of variations are possible in testing
permanent circuits with the bit error rate test.
In the simplest case, a B-channel loop will be set up at
the remote end.
After the channel to be tested (B-channel or Dchannel) is selected, the ARGUS will send the test
pattern, receive it back and evaluate it accordingly.
The displays and operation are, in largest part, similar
to those of a BERT on a dial-up connection (see Page
130) with the exception that you need not enter call
numbers or select a service.
In the case of a BRI access in end-to-end mode (see
Page 128), it is also possible to run a BERT in the Dchannel.
Select the channel to be tested: B-channel (64k or
128k) or D-channel
Start BERT
The ARGUS will display
-
the bit pattern and B-channel
-
the synchronicity of the bit pattern (synchron)
-
Sync. time in h:min:sec
(how long the ARGUS has been
synchronised
in sending and receiving the bit pattern)
-
LOS-counter
-
the bit errors that have occurred.
<ERROR>
to insert artificial bit errors to test the
reliability of the BERT.
<RESET>
test time and bit error counter will be
reset to zero.
<TM>
Start Test Manager (see Page 160).
Once it is over, the ARGUS will display the results of
the BERT (see Page 130).
38
ARGUS 145
8 Selecting the Access mode
8.2.3 Loopbox with a leased line
On a permanent circuit, the ARGUS can be
configured as a loopbox.
It will loop either one B-channel (Channel selection: Bchannel) or both B-channels and the D-channel (Channel
selection: All framed).
Select a channel
The ARGUS will display the channel used and the amount
of time (in h:min:sec) that the Loopbox has been active
(see Page 137).
Activate loopbox
to deactivate the loopbox.
8.2.4 Time measurements on leased lines
The ARGUS will measure your choice of the propagation
delay for data on the selected B-channel (B-channel
delay) or the propagation delay for data on both Bchannels and the resulting interchannel delay (see Page
149). Neither the call numbers nor service need be
entered.
Switching from leased line mode
In the Main menu, open the Access menu
Select the type of access
Select the Access mode
ARGUS State display
ARGUS 145
39
8 Selecting the Access mode
8.2.5 Monitor
The ARGUS monitors all of the D-channel signals on
the BRI access and sends these D-channel signals
over the serial interface or via the USB interface (see
Page 210) to a PC which must be running ARGUS
WINplus or WINAnalyse. Neither the S-Bus nor Layer
1 are influenced.
ARGUS State display
<START>
The ARGUS displays the level evaluation for the NT
side.
D-Channel Monitoring not yet active!
Start D-Channel Monitoring
The ARGUS displays the number of recorded signals
(e.g. 25) and the recording time in h:min:sec.
Stop D-Channel Monitoring
Select a B-channel
First the B-channel select dialog will open. After a Bchannel has been selected, the ARGUS will switch the
speech path onto this channel. Afterwards, it will be
possible to listen to the voice data (in the direction
Network ---> User).
<LOUD>
to increase the listening volume
<QUIET>
to stop listening
<TALK>
Page 41
Stop D-Channel Monitoring
40
ARGUS 145
8 Selecting the Access mode
During D-Channel Monitoring, the ARGUS will
search all of the D-channels signals sent for a
SETUP. If a SETUP is detected, the <TALK> softkey
will be displayed.
Display the call parameters of the last SETUP
received.
The ARGUS displays the call direction (Net -> User),
the channel used (in the example, B01), the service
(in the example. Speech), the own number (in the
example, 61) and the destination number (in the
example, 33).
Display of other parameters:
Type of number (TON)
Numbering plan (NP)
Sub-address (SUB),
User-User-Info (UUI),
DSP messages (if existent),
Listening-in when D-Channel Monitoring is not active
ARGUS State
D-Channel Monitoring not active!
<MENU>
ARGUS 145
41
8 Selecting the Access mode
It is possible to passively listen-in on the network-side,
the terminal-side or both sides.
B-channel select
Select the B-channel (with the cursor keys)
Listening-in
to stop listening-in.
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
42
ARGUS 145
9 Operation on a POTS access
9 Operation on a POTS access
9.1 The ARGUS as a POTS terminal
In the Main menu, open the Access menu
The Argus behaves like a POTS (analog) terminal.
ARGUS 145
<TALK>
Call setup
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
<CONFIG>
The ARGUS will open the POTS
configuration menu (see Page 204).
43
9 Operation on a POTS access
9.1.1 Connection display.
Outgoing Calls
The ARGUS sets up a connection to another terminal. If the terminal is a telephone, the
handset integrated in the ARGUS can be used to hold a conversation.
ARGUS - State display
Setup the connection
(Alternatively: Open Single Tests in the Main menu
and select Connection)
Enter the number on the keypad. Each of the number's
digits will be dialed individually. The ARGUS will
display the number dialed. As soon as the remote
party answers, a voice connection will be set up.
The ARGUS will display the charges, if the information
is available for the access under test.
<LOUD>
Increases the volume.
<No.>
Select the number from the call number
memory or reenter the number on the
keypad The last number dialed will
always be used as the default (simplified
last number redial).
<R>
Generate a FLASH signal
or
Clear the connection
Simplified overlap sending using the telephone key
Press the
key and the ARGUS will immediately open the POTS call display.
Once the call number is entered, the call will be setup.
44
ARGUS 145
9 Operation on a POTS access
Incoming Call
The ARGUS signals an incoming call both audibly and
on the display.
If the access supports CLIP, the ARGUS will display
the number of the caller (Page 204).
<ACCEPT>
To take the call.
or
ARGUS 145
45
9 Operation on a POTS access
9.2 POTS Monitoring
Essentially, the POTS (analog) monitor provides a high impedance tap that does not
influence the interface. You can listen to the line with the integrated handset without having
the ARGUS send on the interface.
In the Main menu, open the Access menu
The ARGUS displays the voltage level on the line
when it is “on hook” (not busy).
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
<CONFIG>
The ARGUS will open the POTS
configuration menu.
(see Page 204)
Start monitoring
The ARGUS displays the voltage (when "off hook"),
the number of the caller (if CLIP is supported) and the
DTMF characters dialed by both telephone
subscribers and the SMSs received (optional).
Any received DTMF-characters will be appended to
the line, which will shift left for each character once it is
full. An incoming call will be signalled acoustically.
Press to display additional information, if
available on the access
(e.g. advice of charges)
<LOUD>
Increases the volume.
<DEL>
Clears the display.
Stop monitoring.
46
ARGUS 145
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
The ARGUS supports a variety of access types.
Depending on the access mode selected (and the protocol), the ARGUS support the
following ADSL tests:
Access Mode
Tests
ARGUS ADSL (PC + modem replacement mode)
Connection of the ARGUS directly to the ADSL
access (before or after the splitter). The ARGUS
replaces both the modem and the PC.
- IP ping
- Trace route
- HTTP download
- FTP download
- FTP upload
- VPI/VCI scan
- ATM OAM ping
- ATM BERT
- IPTV
- IPTV Scan
VoIP telephone
ARGUS Bridge
Insertion of the ARGUS between the ADSL access
- MDI analysis
and the PC. The ARGUS replaces the ADSL
modem.
ARGUS Router
Insertion of the ARGUS between the ADSL access
and the PC. The ARGUS replaces both the ADSL
modem and the router.
- IP ping
- Traceroute test
- HTTP download
- FTP download
- FTP upload
- IPTV
- IPTV Scan
- MDI analysis
- VoIP telephone
ARGUS 145
47
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Downstream
Upstream
PC-LAN
DSLAM
DSL Modem
ATM Switch
ATMoSTM1
7
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
FTP
Edge Router
3
HTTP 4
ADSL
Ethernet
Server
ATMoSTM1
2
IPTV
5
VoIP
6
Set up of an ADSL connection
ATM ping, VPI/ VCI scan
FTP download, FTP upload
IP ping, Traceroute, HTTP download
IPTV
VoIP telephony
Bridge mode, Router mode
We must point out that the individual ADSL tests record and store data (e.g. in
tracing IP data). The user must comply with the statutory regulations governing
the collection and storage of such data and his obligation to give notice in this
connection.
Starting functions with the numeric keys/key combinations
Using the digit keys, you can start important ARGUS functions/tests directly, regardless of
the menu that the ARGUS is currently showing. If a function is called where the ARGUS
expects the entry of a digit, pressing a number key will be interpreted as the expected
input.
The assignment of functions to the numeric keys can also
viewed on the ARGUS display. Open the Main menu and
select “Help”.
The ARGUS will display the
“assignment” of the numeric
keys.
48
ARGUS 145
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Operation on an ADSL access (Access mode: ARGUS-ADSL)
Numeric key 0
ARGUS Status display
Numeric key 1
Show the “Function assignment” on the ARGUS display
Numeric key 2
Start a VPI/VCI scan
Numeric key 3
Start a Ping test
Numeric key 4
Traceroute
Numeric key 5
Start HTTP download
Numeric key 7
Start FTP download
Numeric key 8
The ARGUS will open the PC/Trace Configuration menu
Numeric key 9
Start ATM BERT
Display the Line status
Start VoIP telephony
∗1
Display the available SW options
∗2
Reset all the parameters to their default values.
The speed-dialing memory with the call numbers, PPP
user name, PPP password, IP addresses, Profile names,
User-specific services, Keypad Infos and all of the test
results stored in the ARGUS (e.g. Automatic test
sequence on an ISDN access, ADSL test results, profiles
etc.) will be deleted.
ARGUS 145
49
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
10.1 The ARGUS in the ARGUS-ADSL Access Mode
Using the ADSL 2-wire connection cable, the ARGUS is connected directly to the ADSL
access (either before or after the splitter). In this case, the ARGUS replaces both the
modem and the PC.
Use only the cables included in the package.
Jack
Line
Label
ARGUS
Black 2-wire DSL connection cable
Please note the labels!
Label
ADSL
ADSL access
ATU-C
Setting the device to the ARGUS-ADSL access mode:
The ADSL connection is not yet set up.
50
ARGUS 145
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
10.1.1 Setting Up an ADSL Connection
The ARGUS will set up an ADSL connection and determine all of the relevant ADSL
connection parameters. The ARGUS displays the ADSL connection parameters and saves
them in the internal memory after the connection is cleared down if desired.
Parameter settings:
When setting up the connection, the ARGUS uses the
parameters saved in the DSL profile.
(see Page 179).
- ADSL mode
- Rated value
- Shutdown mode
Select the profile
<EDIT >
ADSL parameters
view and edit if needed
Setup an ADSL connection
ARGUS - State display
<PROFIL>
ARGUS 145
Open the list of profiles.
51
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
The ARGUS will use the parameters in the current
profile when setting up the ADSL connection. In the
display, the currently active profile is indicated by the
(in the example, Profile 1).
Cursor
keys
Select the profile
<EDIT >
Edit the marked profile.
The parameters of the selected profile
can now be edited to suit the respective
test situation.
(see Page 179).
The ARGUS will load the selected
profile - the one indicated by the .
The ARGUS will load the selected profile and return
to the ARGUS State display. The symbol used to
mark the currently active profile
will now appear
in front of this profile.
<START>
Setting Up an ADSL Connection
The ARGUS synchronizes with the DSLAM (the “L1/
Sync” LED will flash).
The ARGUS displays the current setup time and the
ADSL mode.
Command symbols:
< = command sent from the ARGUS
> = command sent from modem
= modem state
<TIME> The ARGUS will display the time stamp
(indicating when the command arrived).
The ARGUS will return to the previous
display
52
ARGUS 145
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Connection successfully setup
Once the connection has been setup (“L1/Sync” LED on constantly), the ARGUS will
determine and display the ADSL connection parameters.
ARGUS 145
53
10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
ARGUS – State display
The ARGUS displays the duration of the ADSL
connection that has been set up.
<EDIT > The ARGUS will open the configuration
menu for the current profile (in the
example, Profile 1);
the ADSL line parameters (e.g. the ADSL
mode) are write-protected.
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
<STOP>
Clear down the ADSL connection
The ARGUS will display the ADSL mode, the
duration of the connection (Elapsed) and the ADSL
connection parameter in tabular form.
(d/f: downstream/far, u/n: upstream/ near)
<PARAM.> Display the connection parameters for
downstream (d) and upstream (u)
(see the table on Page 55).
Scroll through the parameters.
<TRACE>
Display the trace data.
Bit distribution display
i.e. bits transported per carrier frequency
y-axis: bits per carrier frequency (tone);
x-axis: carrier frequency
Based on the bit distribution, it is possible to detect
line disturbances (e.g. HDB3, HDSL, RF.....)
The ARGUS will return to the previous
display
Display of the signal-to-noise ratio for each tone
y-axis: SNR
x-axis: carrier frequency
It is possible to detect disturbances on the individual
frequencies.
<RELOAD> Determine the values for the graphs
again.
<CONTI.> The ARGUS will return to the previous
display
The ARGUS determines the following ADSL connection parameters:
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Press <RESET> to reset all of the error counters (FEC, CRC, HEC, ATM Cells/sec and
ATM Cell count) to zero.
ADSL Connection Parameters
Rated value comparison
The rated value, which was set for the bit rate, is
compared with the rate actually achieved (see Page
181)
ATM
The actual useable ATM datarate in kBit/s.
Attainable ATM
This is the theoretically attainable ATM data rate in kBit/
s.
Relative Capacity
Occupation
Utilization of the line as a percentage
Line Rate
This is the gross data rate, which is calculated from the
bits/tone spectrum. In contrast to the ATM data rate,
this value also includes the overhead for the ATM
header, additional framing bits and checksums.
This value is always higher than the ATM data rate!
SNR Margin
Signal-to-noise ratio in dB
The SNR margin is a measure of how much additional
noise the transmission can withstand and still achieve a
BER (Bit Error Rate) of 10-7.
Output power
Output power in dBm
Attenuation
The line’s attenuation in dB over its entire length
FEC
(Forward Error Correction)
The FEC shows the number of transmission errors
corrected using the ATM cell checkbytes.
f (far): Errors that the DSLAM has detected and
informed the ARGUS.
n (near): Errors which were detected by the ARGUS in
the blocks it received.
CRC
(Cyclic Redundancy Check)
The superframe checksum sent from the opposing end
does not match the one calculated locally.
f (far): Errors that the DSLAM has detected and
informed the ARGUS.
n (near): Errors which were detected by the ARGUS in
the blocks it received.
Possible cause: Fault on the line.
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HEC
(Header Error Checksum)
The HEC shows the number of ATM cells with bad
header checksums.
f (far): Errors that the DSLAM has detected and
informed the ARGUS.
n (near): Errors which were detected by the ARGUS in
the blocks it received.
ATM Cells /sec
Counter for the sent (Tx) and received (Rx) ATM cells
per second
ATM net in kb/s
The net data rate of the ATM cells calculated as ATM
cells/sec.
ATM total in kb/s
The total data rate of the ATM cells calculated as ATM
cells/sec.
ATM Cell count
Counter for the sent (Tx) and received (Rx) ATM cells
Vendor far
The manufacturer of the ATU-C side shown as a
representation (see “Vendor identification numbers” on
page 224.)
SW Version
The SW version of the ATU-C side (only available in
ANSI mode)
Latency mode:
Depending on the configuration of the DSLAM
(Interleaved or Fast Mode), the ARGUS will display
either “int.” (for interleaved) or “fast”.
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10.1.2 Clearing Down an ADSL Connection
ARGUS - State display
<STOP>
Clear down the ADSL connection
Storing the result
Saving as:
AMP_5
Store the
result
The ARGUS saves the parameters together with the
trace data in the first available record number in the
memory; a name can be assigned to the record (see
Page 57).
The record name is entered using the numeric
keypad (default: AMP_1, AMP_2.... or the call
number of the access under test if the number has
been entered into the speed-dialling memory (see
Page 211)).
When the right softkey is pressed it assumes a
different meaning and thus influences the entries
made from the keypad:
< 12>ab > entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB > entry of the lowercase characters and
@, /,- and .
(e.g. to enter a "c“ press the "2" on the
keypad three times)
< AB>12 > entry of the uppercase characters and
@, /,- and .
<DEL>
Delete the character before the cursor
Move the cursor
If all of the records have been written, you must
manually select a memory location (record).
For information about displaying the saved results,
10.1.3 see Page 164.
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10.1.3 IPping
In the Ping test, the ARGUS checks whether it is possible to setup a connection to an
Internet Service Provider (ISP) via the DSLAM and ATM network: The ARGUS sends a test
packet to a predefined IP address (remote site) and then waits for a packet in reply.
Based on the received packet, it is possible to evaluate the ATM network availability and
delay. It is also possible to determine the network's maximum data packet size.
The following parameters (which are stored in the DSL profile, see Page 179) are required
for the ATM ping test: (The DSL profile can be opened – to view and edit – from the
ARGUS State display by pressing <EDIT>. If an ADSL connection has been set up, the
ADSL Line parameters, e.g. the ADSL Mode and the Rated value, will be write protected).
Protocol independent parameters
Select the profile.
Profile
<EDIT >
Ping parameter (see Page 187)
IP address
address of the remote site
Number of pings This sets the number of test packets that
the ARGUS will send.
IP ping parameter
view and edit if
necessary
Pause
pause between sending two test packets
Packet size
size of the test packet
Fragmentation
this parameter sets the fragmentation of
the test packets
PPP parameters (see Page 183)
User name for the Internet connection
Password
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Protocol dependent parameters
Protocol
PPPoE / PPPoA
Line parameters
ATM
- VPI / VCI
- Encapsulation
IPoA / EoA (or IPoE)
ATM
- VPI / VCI
- Encapsulation
PPP
- User name
- Password
ADSL mode
ADSL mode
WAN
- IP mode (Static IP)
- own IP address
- IP network mask
- remote IP address
DNS server
- DNS Server 1
- DNS Server 2
Starting a Ping test:
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
When setting up the connection (see Page 51), select
the profile that also contains the parameters required
for the Ping test.
The ARGUS returns to the Main menu.
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can,
however, be changed (see Page 183).
If the user name is changed here, it will only be
placed in temporary storage; the profile itself is
not modified.
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If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183
The password entered here, it will only be
placed in temporary storage; the profile itself
is not modified.
The ARGUS displays the IP address stored in the
profile.
Select the IP address to use for the Ping;
the default address is marked with an
<EDIT >
.
Opens the IP address for editing.
(see Page 187)
After successfully initialising the connection with the
ISP, the ARGUS will start the Ping test.
Display the ADSL connection parameters,
trace data, bit distribution etc.
During the test, the ARGUS will display the current
number of test packets sent and the number of packets
received in reply.
<STAT.> Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the WAN,
PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Cancel the test.
The ARGUS will display the results collected thus far
and will inquire whether to save them (see Page 57).
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Once the test is over, the ARGUS will display the
results:
Number of packets sent
Number of packets received
Number of packets sent again
Checksum errors
Faulty packets received
Minimum packet round-trip delay
Maximum packet round-trip delay
Average packet round-trip delay
<STAT.> Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the WAN,
PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NEW>
Start a new Ping test
<YES>
The ARGUS saves the results of the
Ping test in the first available record in the
internal memory
(see Page 164 and Page 169)
The ARGUS will send the trace file to the connected
PC, which must be running WINplus or WINanalyse.
The data will be saved in the standard "pcap" format
and can be decoded with a freeware tool (e.g.
Wireshark or Ethereal).
In the example, 20% of the data was already uploaded
to the PC.
A new ADSL test can be started.
The ADSL connection is still setup (to clear the
connection down, press <STOP> in the ARGUS State
display).
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Ping test – Error messages
If an error occurs, the ARGUS will stop the test and
display an error message.
<STAT.> Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the LAN,
WAN, PPP or ATM statistics.
<DSL>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the WAN,
PPP or (optionally) the ATM or LAN
statistics.
<NEW>
Start a new Ping test
For a description of the error messages, please see the appendix.
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10.1.4 Traceroute test
In a Traceroute test, the ARGUS sends a test packet and then displays a list of all of the
network nodes (hops) and their response times on the way to the destination address. This
information can then be used to precisely locate delays in the network.
The following parameters (which are stored in the ADSL profile, see Page 189) are
required for the Traceroute test: The profile can be opened – to view and edit – from the
ARGUS State display by pressing <EDIT> or via the Configuration menu. If an ADSL
connection is currently set up, the connection parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be
write-protected.
Protocol-independent parameters:
Select the profile.
Profile
<EDIT >
Traceroute parameter
view and edit if
necessary
IP address
IP address of the destination node
Maximum hops
This sets the maximum number of
network nodes to trace the path.
Probes
This sets the number of attempts that
will be made to get a response from a
network node.
Timeout
This sets the maximum amount of time
that the ARGUS will wait for a
response from a network node.
Protocol dependent parameters: (see Page 59)
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Starting a Traceroute test
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
Display of the
User name
Enter the password
Display of the IP
address
Initialization
The profile with the required line parameters is
selected before setting up an ADSL connection (see
Page 51).
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can be
edited (the change is, however, only stored
temporarily, see Ping test Page 59) see Page 183.
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (the change is, however, only stored
temporarily, see the Ping test Page 59).
The ARGUS will display the IP address saved in the
profile
(see Ping test Page 59 and Page 189).
After successfully initialising the connection with the
ISP, the test will start automatically.
The ARGUS displays the current hop and probe (in the
example 1 -2: i.e. 1st hop and 2nd probe), the current
response time of the hop in the current probe (0.015
seconds) and the IP address of the current hop (in the
example: 192.168.0.1).
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
or
trace data, bit distribution and signal-to<DSL>
noise ratio for each tone.
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Cancel the test.
The ARGUS will display the results
collected thus far and will inquire
whether to save them.
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After the test is done, the ARGUS will display all of the
hops and their average response time (calculated for
all of the probes). In this example: 1. hop (1 -av) with
an average response time of 0.021sec and the IP
address 192.168.0.1.
Close the
display showing the
results
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NAME>
Displays the IP address of the hop as a
name (if possible).
“Saving the Traceroute results”, see the Ping test Page
61
“Sending the Trace file to a PC”, see Ping test Page
61.
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10.1.5 HTTP download
In the HTTP download test, the ARGUS will attempt to download data from a web site or
file (the user data of the IP packet). The ARGUS will display the current net download rate
and once the test is over the average speed (in the case of multiple download attempts).
The following parameters are required (The profile can be opened – to view and edit – from
the ARGUS State display by pressing < EDIT> or via the Configuration menu): If a
connection is currently set up, the ADSL connection parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will
be write-protected.
Protocol-independent parameters:
Select the profile.
Profile
<EDIT >
Ten user-defined server profiles are available which will
also be used for both the FTP download and upload
tests.
Server address IP address of the server
HTTP download
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
Download
filename
The path and name of the file to be
downloaded in the test
User name
User name for the server
Password
Password for the server
Qty
This sets how often the data at the
“Source” address should be downloaded
Profile name
The name of the server profile which
can be set as desired.
Regarding the editing of the parameters (see Page 189)
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If an alias www address is entered as the "Source" address, the ARGUS will
"only" download the one HTML page during the HTML download test. The
ARGUS does not evaluate the HTML code, so any link to a “true” www address
will be ignored. In this case, the ARGUS will not display an error message since
the “Source” address specified will have been loaded without error.
Since it is not possible to accurately determine the transmission speed if the
duration of the download test is less than 10 seconds, you should download a
reasonably large file.
When entering the “Source” address (server address and download filename)
make certain that you use the correct notation (upper and lower case), otherwise
the ARGUS will report an Error 301 (Moved Permanently) or Error 404 (Not
Found).
Protocol dependent parameters (see Page 59)
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HTTP download test - starting
Set up an ADSL
connection
The profile with the required line parameters is selected
before setting up an ADSL connection (see Page 51).
The ARGUS returns to the Main menu.
<MENU>
Display of the
User name
Enter the password
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can, however,
be changed (see Page 183). The user name will only be
stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page 59).
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183 The user name will only
be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page 59).
Select the server profile (the default profile is marked
with a
).
<EDIT >
Initialization
68
Edit the selected profile.
Regarding the editing of the individual
parameters (see Page 189)
After successfully initialising the connection with the ISP,
the test will start automatically.
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HTTP download test
During the test, the display shows:
In the example, the first download of a total of three
attempts (1/3) is shown. 13% of the data has already
been downloaded. The current net download rate is 20
kBits per second.
Thus far 105.21 kBytes of the total of 800.50 kBytes
have been downloaded.
The ARGUS also displays how much time has elapsed
since the download began (in h:min:sec,msec) and
how much longer it will take to complete the download.
or
<DSL>
<STAT.>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Cancel the test.
HTTP download results
Once the test is over, the ARGUS will display the
results:
- the achieved average transfer rate of all the
downloads (e.g. 25.25 kbit/s)
- the size of the file downloaded
- the average time needed for a download
Close the
display showing the
results
ARGUS 145
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NEW>
Start a new download test
“Saving the download results” (see the Ping test, Page
61)
“Sending the Trace file to a PC”, see Ping test Page
61.
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10.1.6 FTP download
In the FTP download test, the ARGUS will attempt to download the data of a file (the user
data of the IP packet). The ARGUS will display the current net download rate and once the
test is over the net average speed (in the case of multiple download attempts).
The following parameters (which are stored in the profile, see Page 190) are required for
the FTP download test: (If an ADSL connection is currently set up, the connection
parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.)
Protocol-independent parameters:
Select the profile.
Profile
<EDIT >
Server profile select
<EDIT >
FTP download
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
Ten user-defined server profiles are available which will
also be used for both the FTP download and the FTP
upload tests.
Server address IP address of the FTP server
Download
filename
The path and name of the file to be
downloaded in the test
User name
User name for the FTP server
Password
Password for the FTP server
Qty
This sets how often the data at the
“Source” address should be downloaded
Profile name
The name of the server profile which can
be set as desired.
Since it is not possible to accurately determine the transmission speed if the
duration of the download test is less than 10 seconds, you should download a
reasonably large file.
Protocol dependent parameters (see Page 59)
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Start FTP download
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
Display of the
User name
Enter the password
Display the profile
The profile with the required line parameters is
selected before setting up an ADSL connection (see
Page 51).
The ARGUS returns to the Main menu.
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can,
however, be changed (see Page 183). The user name
will only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183 The user name will
only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
Select the Server profile (the default profile is marked
with a ).
<EDIT >
Initialization
Edit the selected Server profile.
Regarding the editing of the individual
profile parameters, see Page 189.
After successfully initialising the connection with the
ISP, the test will start automatically.
FTP download test
During the test, the display shows:
In the example, the first download of a total of three
attempts (1/3) is shown. 25% of the data has already
been downloaded.
The current net download rate is 560 kbits per second.
Thus far 3.87 MBytes of the total of 15.50 MBytes
have been downloaded.
The ARGUS also displays how much time has elapsed
since the download began (in h:min:sec:msec) and
how much longer it will take to complete the download.
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
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or
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Cancel the test.
FTP download - results
Once the test is over, the ARGUS will display the
results:
the achieved average transfer rate of
all the downloads (e.g. 520.25 kbit/s)
the size of the downloaded file
the average time needed for a download
Close the
display showing the
results
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NEW>
Start a new download test
“Saving the download results” (see the Ping test,
Page 61)
“Sending the Trace file to a PC”, see Ping test Page
61.
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10.1.7 FTP upload
In the FTP upload test, the ARGUS sends the data (the user data in the IP packet) in a file
to a server. The Argus will display the current net upload rate and once the test is over the
net average speed (in the case of multiple upload attempts).
The following parameters (which are stored in the profile, see Page 190) are required for
the FTP download test: (If an ADSL connection is currently set up, the connection
parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.)
Protocol-independent parameters:
Open the list of
profiles
<EDIT >
Server profile select
<EDIT >
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
Select the profile.
The user-defined server profile will also be used for both
the HTTP download and FTP download tests.
Select the server profile.
Server
IP address of the FTP server
Upload
filename
The path and filename under which the
file that is sent in the test should be
saved on the server.
Upload
File size
The size of the file sent
User name
User name for the FTP server
Password
Password for the FTP server
Qty
Number of uploads
Profile name
The name of the server profile which
can be set as desired.
Protocol dependent parameters (see Page 59)
Since it is not possible to accurately determine the transmission speed if the
duration of the upload test is less than 10 seconds, you should send a
reasonably large file to the server.
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Start FTP upload
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
Display of the
User name
Enter the password
Display the profile
The profile with the required line parameters is
selected before setting up an ADSL connection (see
Page 51).
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can,
however, be changed (see Page 183). The user name
will only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183 The user name will
only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
Select the Server profile (the default profile is marked
with a ).
<EDIT >
Initialization
Edit the selected Server profile.
Regarding the editing of the individual
Server parameters (see Page 189)
FTP upload test
The FTP upload test starts automatically.
During the test, the display shows:
current upload / total number of uploads
In the example, the first upload attempt of
a total of three attempts (1/3) is shown.
the amount of data already sent
(in the example, 25 %)
current net upload data rate
(in the example, 5.62 MBits per second)
currently sent bytes
(in the example 5.00 MBytes)
Total file size (in the example 20.05 MBytes)
current duration of the transmission
(in h:min:sec,msec)
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-
remaining transfer time (sending)
or
<DSL>
<STAT.>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Cancel the test.
Result
Once the test is over, the ARGUS will display the
results:
the achieved average transfer rate of
all the uploads (avg)
the size of the file sent
the average time needed for an upload
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NEW>
Starting a new FTP upload test
Results display close
“Saving the results” (see the Ping test, Page 61)
“Sending the Trace file to a PC”, see Ping test Page
61.
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10.1.8 VPI/VCI Scan
In a VPI/VCI scan, the ARGUS checks which VPI/ VCI combinations are active on the
access under test: The ARGUS will send a test packet for each of the possible VPI / VCI
combinations and wait for a packet in response.
The following parameters (which are stored in the profile, see Page 190) are required for
the test:
(The profile can be opened – to view and edit – from the ARGUS State display by pressing
< EDIT> or via the Configuration menu.) If a connection is currently set up, the ADSL
connection parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.
Protocol-independent parameters:
Open the list of
profiles
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
76
VPI
Sets the limits of the VPI range
checked by the ARGUS.
VCI
Sets the limits of the VCI range
checked by the ARGUS.
Number of
pings
Sets the number of test packets to be
sent by the ARGUS.
Timeout
This sets the maximum amount of time
that the ARGUS will wait for a
response from an ATM network node.
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Starting a VPI/VCI scan
Set up an ADSL
connection
10.1.9
When setting up the connection (see Page 51),
select the profile that also contains the parameters
required for the VPI/VCI scan.
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Initialization
VPI / VCI scan
The VPI/VCI scan starts automatically.
The ARGUS displays the VPI/VCI combination
currently being tested and the last VPI/VCI
combination which was found to be active (in the
example, 1/32).
or
<DSL>
<STAT.>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters, trace data and bit
distribution and signal-to-noise ratio per
tone.
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Cancel the test.
Result
When the test is done, the ARGUS will display the
VPI/VCI combination(s) currently active on the
access under test.
Close the
display showing the
results
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NEW>
Starting a new VPI/VCI scan
“Saving the results” (see the Ping test, Page 61)
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10.1.9. ATM OAM Ping
In the ATM OAM ping test, the ARGUS checks the availability of individual ATM network
nodes or an ATM subnet.
The following parameters (which are stored in the profile, see Page 190) are required for
the test:
(The profile can be opened – to view and edit – from the ARGUS State display by pressing
< EDIT> or via the Configuration menu.) If a connection is currently set up, the ADSL
connection parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.
Protocol-independent parameters:
Open the list of
profiles
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
VPI / VCI
Enter the VPI / VCI
Number of
pings
The number of test packets that the
ARGUS will send
Timeout
This sets the maximum amount of time
that the ARGUS will wait for a response
from an ATM network node.
OAM cell type
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Start ATM OAM ping
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
When setting up the connection (see Page 51), select
the profile that also contains the parameters required
for the ATM OAM ping test.
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Initialization
ATM OAM ping
The ATM OAM ping test will start automatically.
The ARGUS will display the current number of test
packets sent, the current number of packets in
response and the VPI/VCI on which the ping test is
currently being run.
or
<DSL>
<STAT.>
Result
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Cancel the test.
The ARGUS will display the results of the test once it is
done.
Number of packets sent
Number of packets received
Number of packets lost
Minimum packet round-trip delay
Maximum packet round-trip delay
Average packet round-trip delay
<STAT.>
Results display close
ARGUS 145
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
<NEW>
Start a new ATM OAM ping test
“Saving the results” (see the Ping test, Page 61)
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10.1.10 ATM BERT (optional)
The ATM BERT (Bit Error Rate Test) is used to check the transmission quality of the ADSL
line. In an ATM BERT, the ARGUS sets up an ADSL connection and sends a selectable bit
pattern via a virtual ATM channel that must be looped at the remote end. The ARGUS
compares the data received with the data known to have been sent.
During the test, the ARGUS counts the bit errors and after the test is done it calculates the
bit error rate as well as other characteristic values (see Page 130). In addition the ARGUS
displays ATM cell statistics.
Protocol independent parameters (see Page 191)
-
BERT time
Test duration (default duration: 1 minute)
-
VPI / VCI
Configuring the virtual channels and the virtual paths in the
ATM cells
-
Bit pattern
Selection of the bit pattern
-
Error level
The level used to evaluate whether the bit error rate was
"acceptable"
-
HRX value
Defines the hypothetical reference connection to be used for
evaluation of the measured results in accordance with G.821.
-
Data rate
(Upstream)
Starting an ATM BERT
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
Initialization
ARGUS 145
When setting up the connection (see Page 51), select
the profile that also contains the parameters required for
the ATM BERT test.
Initialization of the connection with the ISP
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ATM BERT
The ATM BERT will start automatically.
During the test, the display shows:
Bit errors
Synchronicity of the bit pattern
sync.time: how long the ARGUS has been
synchronised
to the bit pattern
LOS counter
<Error>
generate an artificial bit error
<STAT.>
display the ATM statistics
0-Key
Restarts the BERT. The test time and
number of bit errors will be reset.
Results
Once the test is over, the ARGUS will display the
results:
The evaluation of the results depends on
the error level (in this case: OK)
Transferred data (K= 1024 bits, k= 1000 bits)
sync.time: how long the ARGUS has been
synchronised
to the bit pattern
No. LOS: number of times that an LOS occurred
abs. err.: number of bit errors,
rel. err: the bit error rate (e.g. 1.4E-06 = 1.4·10-6
= 0,0000014)
<MORE >
displays additional characteristic values
(see Page 130)
Close the
display showing the
results
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Saving the results (see Page 61)
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10.1.11 IPTV (optional)
The ARGUS requests a stream from a server (Depending on the type of access, the
ARGUS will substitute for a settop-box (STB) or modem and STB) and checks the
regularity of the incoming packets, the loss of packets and the programme's switch on or
switchover time.
Up to three user-defined IPTV profiles can be created (see Page 192) (The profile can be
opened – to view and edit – from the ARGUS State display by pressing <EDIT> or via the
Configuration menu.): If a connection is currently set up, the ADSL connection parameters
(e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.
The following protocol independent parameters are required:
Open the list of
profiles
<EDIT >
Select the profile.
Parameters:
Type of stream
IPTV profile
select
<EDIT >
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
ARGUS 145
Stream type
Server address
The address of the server from which
the stream should be downloaded (only
for VoD and UDP-SSM)
Multicast IP
IP address for the selected stream type
“Multicast” (broadcast TV)
Port
Port number
Filename
Name of the file that should be
downloaded from the server (in the
case of VoD).
IGMP Version
Version of the multicast protocol to log
on/off of a multicast group (broadcast
TV)
RTSP type
Type of control protocol (for VoD)
Jitter Buffer
Size of the jitter buffer
Limit values
Entry of the limit values for the
PCR jitter, the continuity errors
(assessment of the picture quality) and
the IGMP latency.
Profile name
The name of the IPTV profile which can
be set as desired.
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Start IPTV Test
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
Display of the
User name
Enter the password
Select IPTV profile
The profile with the required line parameters is
selected before setting up an ADSL connection (see
Page 51).
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can,
however, be changed (see Page 183). The user name
will only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183 The user name will
only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
Initialization
IPTV Test
During the test, the ARGUS displays the current PCR
jitter, continuity errors and latency.
The latency (switch on time of the program) is only
determined once. If the measured values exceed the
limits set in the parameters, the ARGUS will report that
the test failed (FAIL).
The PCR jitter and continuity errors are determined
continuously. If one of the limit values set is exceeded,
the ARGUS will display “FAIL” until the measured
value returns to a value less than the limit value once
again.
<STAT.> Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Cancel test
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Display of the current values (e.g. Curr. PCR Jitter)
and the maximum values measured (e.g. Max. PCR
Jitter)
Display further information
RTP Lost: lost RTP packets (speech packets “Real
time Transport Protocol”)
RTP OoS (RTP Packet OutofSequence): number of
RTP packets delivered twice or repeatedly
PID (Packet Identifier): identifier for the audio/video
and PCR components of the respective programme
Data rates (Min=Minimum, Max=Maximum, Avg=
Average, Curr=Current)
Close the display
showing the results
ARGUS 145
“Saving the results” (see the Ping test, Page 61)
“Sending the Trace file to a PC” (see Ping test ) Page
61
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10.1.12 IPTV Scan (optional)
The ARGUS will check the availability of the TV broadcaster. The ARGUS will also show
the switchover time between the TV broadcasters.
The user can individually configure three “Scan Profiles” for use with the IPTV Scan (see
Page 192): The profile can be opened – to view and edit – from the ARGUS State display
by pressing <EDIT> or via the Configuration menu. If a connection is currently set up, the
ADSL connection parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.
The following parameters are required for the IPTV Scan:
Protocol-independent parameters:
Open the list of
profiles
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
Scan profile
select
<EDIT >
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
Channel
selection
Selection of the IPTV test channels:
- Multicast IP
- Port
- Alias name
(see Page 192)
IGMP Version
The IGMP protocol version
Switchover time The ARGUS must have received the
data of the (next) TV channel within this
period of time during the test (see Page
194).
Profile name
86
The name of the Scan profile which can
be set as desired.
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Start the IPTV Scan
Set up an ADSL
connection
The profile with the required line parameters is selected
before setting up an ADSL connection (see Page 51).
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Enter user name
Enter the password
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can,
however, be changed (see Page 183). The user name
will only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183 The user name will only
be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page 59).
Select the profile
<EDIT > Edit the marked profile. The parameters
of the selected profile can now be edited
to suit the respective test situation
(see Page 192).
Start test
Initialization
The ARGUS will load the selected
profile - the one indicated by the to
use for the test.
Test results
to scroll
through the
results.
ARGUS 145
The ARGUS will indicate whether the TV channels
could be received within the set period of time
(switchover time, see Page 194) by displaying “OK” or
“FAIL”.
If the ARGUS displays “OK”, it will also display the time
required to switchover between TV channels.
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Display of the minimum, the maximum and the average
switchover time.
Close the
display showing the
results
88
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
“Saving the results” (see the Ping test, Page 61)
“Sending the Trace file to a PC” (see Ping test ) Page
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
10.1.13 VoIP telephony (optional)
The ARGUS acts as a VoIP terminal with which a telephone (voice) call can be set up. The
ARGUS uses the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) as the signaling protocol for VoIP. VoIP
calls can be set up with or without a registrar or proxy.
The user can individually configure three “VoIP Profiles” for use in VoIP telephony (see
Page 192): The profile can be opened – to view and edit – from the ARGUS State display
by pressing <EDIT> or via the Configuration menu. If a connection is currently set up, the
ADSL connection parameters (e.g. the ADSL mode) will be write-protected.
The following parameters are required for VoIP telephony:
Protocol-independent parameters:
Open the
list of profiles
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
VoIP profile
select
<EDIT >
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
Destination
VoIP destination
SIP
SIP Parameter
(Session Initiation Protocol)
Protocol
currently only for SIP
User name
User name for the registrar
Password
The password to use with the registrar.
Call acceptance
Set call acceptance
Silence detection on/off
Jitter buffer
Sets whether the size of the jitter buffer
is fixed or dynamic.
Jitter buffer size
The size of the jitter buffer
Codec
Select the voice codec
Profile name
The name of the VOIP profile which
can be set as desired.
Regarding the editing of the parameters (see Page 195)
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Start VoIP telephony
The profile with the required line parameters is selected
before setting up an ADSL connection (see Page 51).
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Depending on the protocol and access:
The ARGUS will first display the user name (if any has
been saved in the profile). The user name can,
however, be changed (see Page 183). The user name
will only be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page
59).
Display of the
User name
Enter the password
If you change the user name, you must enter the
password again (see Page 183 The user name will only
be stored temporarily (see the Ping test, Page 59).
Select the VOIP profile.
<EDIT > Edit the marked profile.
The parameters of the selected profile
can now be edited to suit the respective
test situation.
(see Page 179).
Shift key
used
The ARGUS will load the selected
profile - the one indicated by the .
The ARGUS will display the VoIP profile used, the
protocol and the user ID (own number).
If a registrar is used, the ARGUS will display how long it
has been registered.
Press the Shift key to switch between softkey sets.
<LOG>
Display the signaling protocol; the SIP
message status codes are displayed in
numerical form
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<STAT.>
or
<DSL>
or
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
The ARGUS displays the destination address stored in
the first memory location in the VoIP profile. There are a
total of ten memory locations available for destination
addresses.
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the memory
locations for the destination addresses.
<EDIT > Open the marked memory location to edit
it or to enter a new destination address in
an empty memory location
(see Page 195).
Setup the connection
The ARGUS will display its “own” number (From 4007)
and the number of the subscriber called (To: 90). The
subscriber called, however, did not accept the call; the
display shows “Connection inactive”.
As soon as the subcriber called answers, the ARGUS
will display “Connection active!”. The ARGUS will also
display the duration of the active connection, the
numbers of the two parties and the voice codec
currently used.
.
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
or
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Disconnect
ARGUS 145
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Display of the other VoIP results:
- Packet statistics, e.g. jitter, packets lost, etc.
Return to the previous display
The ARGUS will display the codecs available at the
other end.
Return to the previous display
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10.2 The ARGUS in the ARGUS-Bridge Access Mode
The ARGUS is connected to the PC with the (x-crossed) Ethernet cable and to the ADSL
access with the black DSL cable.
In Bridge mode, the ARGUS acts like an ADSL modem, i.e. the ARGUS passively passes
all packets from the Ethernet side to the ADSL access (and vice versa). In this case, the
PC is responsible for setting up the connection.
DSL connection cable
(Note the labels!)
Ethernet cable
Line jack
LAN jack
Ethernet
ADSL
ADSL
Access
PC
PPPoE or EoA Protocol (IpoE)
10.2.1 Setting the ARGUS-Bridge Access Mode
The ARGUS - Main menu
The ADSL connection is not yet set up.
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<PROFIL>
Set up an
ADSL connection -
ATM parameters
- ATM VPI / VCI
Encapsulation (Page 184)
Bridge mode active!
Switch to alternative
display of the
ARGUS State display
or
<MENU>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
Trace data,
Bit distribution and
Signal-to-noise ratio per tone
and then
Line Status
<STOP>
94
Select the profile (see Page 51)
Required parameters:
Line parameters for setting up the
connection
- ADSL: ADSL mode, Rated value,
and Shutdown mode
Deactivate Bridge mode
and clear down the ADSL connection
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10.2.2 MDI analysis
The ARGUS analyses a UDP/RTP data stream in the passive Bridge or Router mode and
determines the MDI (Media Delivery Index) in accordance with RFC 4445 and displays the
Media Loss Rate and the Delay Factor.
The ARGUS in Bridge or
Router Mode
DSL connection cable
(Note the labels!)
Ethernet cable
Line jack
LAN jack
ADSL
Ethernet
alternativ
ADSL
Access
PC with VLC
(Video-LAN Client)
Set-Top-Box (STB)
The following parameters (see Page 194) are required for the MDI Analysis:
Protocol-independent parameters:
Open the list of
profiles
Select the profile
<EDIT >
ARGUS 145
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
View and edit
parameters if
necessary
Mode
Automatically search for a channel with
a data stream or manually enter a
channel with a data stream
Scan time
Duration of the automatic search
Multicast IP
The Multicast IP of the channel to be
tested
Port
The port number of the channel to be
tested
Use
IP Header
Specify whether the IP Header should
be used.
MDI limit values
Enter the limit values for the Delay
Factor (DL in accordance with RFC
4445), the Media Loss Rate (MLR in
accordance with RFC 4445) and the
packet loss in percent (PLR “Packet
Loss Ratio”) to be used in MDI Analysis
evaluation (displayed as OK or FAIL).
Comments about the PLR: The PLR
percentage shows the relationship
between the number of packets lost to
the number of packets expected
(received and lost).
Start the MDI Analysis
Set up an ADSL
connection
<MENU>
The profile with the required line parameters is selected
before setting up an ADSL connection (see Page 51).
The ARGUS will return to the Main menu.
Initialization
Waiting for stream
96
The waiting time for a stream is dependent on the Mode
setting (see Page 194).
Quit waiting, cancel MDI Analysis
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
During the MDI Analysis, the display shows:
- Test duration in hours:minutes:seconds
- Delay Factor (DF) in milliseconds
- Media Loss Rate (MLR) (number of lost or
out-of-order data packets per second)
- Packet loss (PLR) in percent
- Evaluation with OK or FAIL dependent on the
MDI limit values set (see Page 195)
Switch the display
to show the
- Duration of the MDI analysis
- Delay Factor in msec and Media Loss Rate per second
- Packet loss (PLR) in percent
- Number of the errors that have occurred in
the continuity counter (CC) in the
MPEG packets per sec.
- IP address of the channel with the data stream
which is being analysed
- The channel’s port number
<STAT.>
Depending on the access mode and
protocol, the ARGUS will display the
WAN, PPP, ATM or LAN statistics.
or
<DSL>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters,
trace data, bit distribution and signal-tonoise ratio for each tone.
Display the number of lost or out-of-order data packets
as well as the number of errors in the continuity counter
during the MDI Analysis.
<RESET>
Reset Packet Loss and CC errors
Display the PIDs and their usage
Stop MDI Analysis
ARGUS 145
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Test results
Display:
MDI Analysis duration in hours:minutes:seconds
-
IP address of the channel with the analysed data
stream
-
The channel’s port number
Display additional results
Display of the delay factor:
the minimum or maximum delay factor that occurred and
the average value of the delay factor.
Scroll through the other test results
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10.3 The ARGUS in Access mode - Router
The ARGUS is connected to the PC with the (x-crossed) Ethernet cable and to the ADSL
access with the black DSL cable.
In Router mode, the ARGUS replaces not only the modem but also the router. In this case,
several PCs (connected via a hub/switch) can access the connection to a network operator.
The network IP addresses can either be assigned statically or the ARGUS can serve as a
DHCP server and assign IP addresses to the connected PCs.
The ARGUS does not have a firewall!
ADSL
IP
IP
Ethernet
ADSL
Access
Hub/Switch
PPPoE, PPPoA,
IPoA or EoA (IPoE)
Ethernet
PC
IP
Ethernet
PC
Protocol dependent parameters
Setting the parameters (see Page 179)
Parameters for protocol IP: LAN parameters see Page 185
Protocol
PPPoE / PPPoA
IPoA / EoA (or IPoE)
Line
parameters
ADSL mode
ADSL mode
ARGUS 145
ATM:
- VPI / VCI
- Encapsulation
ATM:
- VPI / VCI
- Encapsulation
PPP:
- User name
- Password
LAN:
- IP mode
- own IP address
- IP network mask
- IP mode
- DHCP server
- DHCP timeout
LAN:
- IP mode
- own IP address
- IP network mask
WAN:
- IP mode (static)
- own IP address
- IP network mask
- remote IP address
- DHCP timeout
DNS server:
- DNS Server 1
- DNS Server 2
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Setting the ARGUS-Router Access Mode
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The ADSL connection is not yet set up.
Set up an
ADSL connection
Router mode active!
Switch the State
display
<PROFIL>
Select the profile (see Page 51)
or
<MENU>
Display the ADSL connection
parameters, trace data,
bit distribution and
signal-to-noise ratio per tone
and then
Line Status
<STOP>
100
Deactivate Router mode
and clear down the ADSL connection
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Tests with Router Mode Active
The following tests can be performed:
Select test
Start test
ARGUS 145
IP ping
Performing (see Page 58)
Traceroute
Performing (see Page 63)
HTTP download
Performing (see Page 66)
FTP download
Performing (see Page 70)
FTP upload
Performing (see Page 73)
IPTV
Performing (see Page 83)
IPTV Scan
Performing (see Page 86)
MDI analysis
Performing (see Page 95)
VoIP telephone
Performing (see Page 89)
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10.4 The ARGUS on an Ethernet Access
In this case, the ARGUS serves as a replacement for the PC and is connected to the ADSL
modem's Ethernet interface with the (blue) Ethernet cable.
Connection to the modem:
Blue Ethernet cable
Ethernet
ADSL
Modem
LAN jack
ADSL
Access
PPPoE
Parameter settings in the profile:
- Protocol:
PPPoE
- PPP parameters:
User name and password
Connection to the router/modem:
blue
Ethernet cable
Ethernet
LAN jack
IP
Router/
Modem
ADSL
PPPoE, PPPoA, IPoA or
EoA (IPoE)
ADSL
Access
Parameter settings in the profile:
- Protocol:
IP
- LAN:
IP mode, own IP address (static IP), IP netmask (static IP), gateway
IP (static IP under PPPoE and PPPoA)
- DNS Server:
DNS Server 1 (static IP under PPPoE), DNS Server 2 (static IP
under PPoE)
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Connection to a PPTP router/modem:
blue
Ethernet cable
Ethernet
LAN jack
PPTP
(Router)/
Modem
PPTP
ADSL
PPPoA
ADSL
Access
Parameter settings in the profile:
- Protocol:
PPTP
- PPTP:
IP address of the PPTP modem
- PPP:
User name and password
Connection to PC via IP
gray
Ethernet cable
(crossover)
Ethernet
LAN jack
IP
PC
Parameter settings in the profile:
- Protocol:
IP
- LAN:
IP mode, own IP address (Static IP), IP netmask (Static IP), gateway
IP (Static IP)
- DNS Server:
DNS Server 1, DNS Server 2
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10 Tests on ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ Accesses
Connection to IP network
PC
IP
LAN jack
IP
IP network
Ethernet
Hub/Switch
blue
Ethernet cable
IP
IP
PC
Parameter settings in the profile:
- Protocol:
IP
- LAN:
IP mode, own IP address (Static IP), IP netmask (Static IP),
gateway IP (Static IP)
- DNS Server:
DNS Server 1, DNS Server 2
Selecting Ethernet access
The ARGUS - Main menu
ARGUS State display
Tests in Ethernet mode
The following tests can be performed:
IP ping
Performing (see Page 58)
Select test
Start test
104
Traceroute
Performing (see Page 63)
HTTP download
Performing (see Page 66)
FTP download
Performing (see Page 70)
FTP upload
Performing (see Page 73)
IPTV
Performing (see Page 83)
IPTV Scan
Performing (see Page 86)
MDI analysis
Performing (see Page 95)
VoIP telephone
Performing (see Page 89)
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
The ARGUS supports a variety of access types.
Depending on the access mode selected and the protocol, the following single tests are
supported:
Access Mode
Single Tests
STU-R - ATM
- Connection parameters
The ARGUS simulates the customer side of the SHDSL - IP ping
connection (Remote) and evaluates the ATM data.
- Trace route
- HTTP download
- FTP download
- FTP upload
- VPI/VCI scan
- ATM OAM ping
- ATM BERT
- IPTV
- IPTV Scan
- VoIP telephone
STU-C - ATM
The ARGUS simulates the central office side of the
connection and evaluates the ATM data.
- Connection parameters
- VPI/VCI scan
- ATM OAM ping
- ATM BERT
STU-R - ATM Bridge
The ARGUS simulates the customer side of the connection
MDI analysis
and evaluates the ATM data. In Bridge mode, the ARGUS
behave like an SHDSL modem and passively passes on all
of the packets sent back and forth between the Ethernet
side and the SHDSL
access (see Page 93).
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
STU-R - ATM Router
The ARGUS simulates the customer side of the connection
and evaluates the ATM data.
In Router mode, the ARGUS replaces both the modem and
the router. In this case, several PCs can access the
connection to the network provider (see Page 99).
- Connection parameters
- IP ping
- Trace route
- HTTP download
- FTP download
- FTP upload
- VPI/VCI scan
- ATM OAM ping
- IPTV
- IPTV Scan
- MDI analysis
- VoIP telephone
We must point out that the individual SHDSL tests record and store data (e.g. in
tracing IP data). The user must comply with the statutory regulations governing
the collection and storage of such data and his obligation to give notice in this
connection.
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11.1 Setting Up an SHDSL 2-Wire Connection
The ARGUS is connected directly to the SHDSL access via the SHDSL 2-wire connection
cable. The ARGUS will set up an SHDSL connection and determine all of the relevant
SHDSL connection parameters. The ARGUS displays the connection parameters and
saves them in the internal memory after the connection is cleared down if desired.
Black 2-wire DSL connection cable
Jack
Line
SHDSL access
(STU-C)
Setting the Access mode:
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Select the type of access
Select the Access mode
ARGUS - State display
The SHDSL connection is not yet setup!
<PROFIL>
Open the list of profiles.
The ARGUS will use the parameters in the current
profile when setting up the SHDSL connection.
The currently active profile is indicated by the
(in the example: Profile 1)
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
ARGUS 145
Edit the marked profile.
).The parameters of the profile can now
be edited to suit the respective test
situation (see Page 179).
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
The ARGUS will load the selected profile - the one
indicated by the - and return to the ARGUS State
display. The symbol used to mark the currently active
profile
will now appear in front of this profile.
The ARGUS displays the access mode, the profile
used, the SHDSL mode and the voltage on the
SHDSL line.
The hardware will first be initialized and then the
ARGUS will synchronize with the other end (the “L1/
Sync” LED will flash).
The ARGUS displays the states as they
are stepped through, the data rate and the
voltage on the line.
In the event that there are synchronisation problems,
compare the SHDSL parameter settings with the
corresponding ones for the remote end.
The SHDSL connection is setup (the display
shows “Data”).
The ARGUS displays the data rate and and voltage
on the SHDSL line (if the 4-wire or 8-wire option is
enabled, it will also show the wire pair used, see
Page 182).
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
Display showing
parameters
the
SHDSL
connection
The ARGUS displays the SHDSL line's connection
parameters for both the remote end (R) and the
central office end (C) (see "SHDSL Transmission
Line" in the illustration below) as well as for each
SHDSL line segment (see "SHDSL Segment" in the
illustration below).
The parameter “EOC usage” must be set to “on” (see
Page 182).
<RESET>
All of the error counters (CRC Count,
ES Count, SES Count, LOSWS and
UAS Count) will be reset to zero (see
the table “SHDSL Connection
Parameters”).
< <- >
< -> >
Scroll through the displays of the
connection parameters (see Page 110)
for the individual line segments. The
ARGUS indicates in the top line which
line segment’s parameters are currently
being displayed.
<SEG >>
Only available when the SHDSL 4-wire
or 8-wire option is enabled:
Scroll through the displays of the
parameters for the individual line
segments. The ARGUS indicates in the
top line which line segment’s
parameters are currently being
displayed.
Scroll through the connection
parameters.
The ARGUS will open the status
display.
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
Network side = N
Customer side = C
Intermediate repeaters 1 to a maximum of 8
STU-R
N
C
N
SHDSL
Segment
C
N
C
SHDSL
Segment
STU-C
N
C
SHDSL
Segment
SHDSL Transmission Line
SHDSL Connection Parameters
Signal-to-noise ratio in dB
SNR Margin
The SNR margin is a measure of how much additional
noise the transmission can withstand and still achieve a
BER (Bit Error Rate) of 10-7.
SNR
Signal-to-noise ratio in dB
Attenuation (dB)
The line’s attenuation in dB over its entire length
Power (dBm)
Power referenced to 1mW
CRC Count
Cyclic Redundancy Check
Counter
The number of CRC6 checksum errors
LOSWS
Loss of Sync Defect
Word Seconds
Number of faulty sync words per second
ES Count
Errored Second Count
Number of errored seconds (seconds with CRC errors)
SES Count
Several
Error
Count
Number of seconds with more than 50 CRC errors
Second
UAS Count
Unavailable Second Count
110
Number of seconds in which no SHDSL
connection was available
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
11.2 Setting Up an SHDSL 4-Wire Connection
The ARGUS is connected directly to the SHDSL access via the SHDSL 4-wire connection
cable. The ARGUS will set up an SHDSL connection and determine all of the relevant
SHDSL connection parameters for two wire pairs (Line 1 and Line 2). The ARGUS displays
the connection parameters and saves them in the internal memory after the connection is
cleared down if desired.
4-Wire SHDSL Connection Cable
Note the labels!
Jack
Line
SHDSL access
Setting the Access mode:
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Select the type of access
Select the Access mode
ARGUS - State display
The SHDSL connection is not yet setup!
<PROFIL>
Open the list of profiles.
The ARGUS will use the parameters in the current
profile when setting up the SHDSL connection. The
currently active profile is indicated by the
(in the
example, Profile 1)
Select the profile.
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
<EDIT > Edit the marked profile.
The parameters of the selected profile can
now be edited to suit the respective test
situation.
(see Page 179).
The ARGUS will load the selected profile - the one
indicated by the - and return to the ARGUS State
display. The symbol used to mark the currently
active profile
will now appear in front of this
profile.
The ARGUS displays the access mode, the profile
used and the SHDSL mode.
The hardware will first be initialized and then the
ARGUS will synchronize with the other end (the “L1/
Sync” LED will flash).
The ARGUS displays the states as they
are stepped through, the data rate and the
voltage on both lines.
In the event that there are synchronisation problems,
compare the SHDSL parameter settings with the
corresponding ones for the remote end.
Switch the State display
The ARGUS displays the states as they are stepped
through on Line 1 and Line 2.
As soon as an SHDSL connection has been set up
on both lines (“Data” is shown for both lines), the “L1/
Sync” LED will light.
The ARGUS displays the data rate and the voltage
on Line 1 as well as the wire pair used (see Page
182).
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
<LINE 2>
The ARGUS displays the bitrate and
the voltage on Line 2 plus (if you
press <PARAM.>) the connection
parameters for Line 2.
The ARGUS displays the connection parameters
(for Line 1 – “L1/2” and for Line 2 – “L2/2”) for both
the remote end (R) and the central office end (C)
(see "SHDSL Transmission Line" in the illustration
on Page 110) as well as for each SHDSL line
segment (see "SHDSL Segment" in the illustration
on Page 110).
The parameter “EOC usage” must be set to “on”
(see Page 182).
<RESET>
All of the error counters (CRC Count,
ES Count, SES Count, LOSWS and
UAS Count) will be reset to zero (see
the table “SHDSL Connection
Parameters” on Page 110).
< SEG> > Scroll through the displays of the
connection parameters for the
individual line segments. The ARGUS
indicates in the top line which line
segment’s parameters (see Page
110) are currently being displayed.
Scroll through the connection
parameters (see Page 110).
The ARGUS will open the status
display.
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
11.3 Setting Up an SHDSL 8-Wire Connection
The ARGUS is connected directly to the SHDSL access via the SHDSL 8-wire connection
cable. The ARGUS will set up an SHDSL connection and determine all of the relevant
SHDSL connection parameters for all four wire pairs. The ARGUS displays the connection
parameters and saves them in the internal memory after the connection is cleared down if
desired.
Setting the Access mode:
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Select the type of access
ARGUS - State display
The SHDSL connection is not yet setup!
<PROFIL>
Select the profile (see Page 107).
The hardware will first be initialized and then the
ARGUS will synchronize with the other end (the “L1/
Sync” LED will flash).
The ARGUS displays the states as they
are stepped through, the data rate and the
voltage on all four lines.
In the event that there are synchronisation problems,
compare the SHDSL parameter settings with the
corresponding ones for the remote end.
Switch the State display
The ARGUS displays the states on all four wire pairs
(Line 1 to Line 4) as they are stepped through.
As soon as an SHDSL connection has been set up
on all four lines (“Data” is shown for all four lines),
the “L1/ Sync” LED will light.
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
The ARGUS first displays the data rate and the
voltage on Line 1 as well as the wire pair used (see
Page 182).
right
softkey
(in the
example
<LINE 2>)
The ARGUS will scroll through the 4
lines and display the bitrate and
voltage on the corresponding line as
well as the associated connection
parameters
(with <PARAM.>).
The ARGUS displays the connection parameters on
all four wire pairs (for Line 1 – “L1/4”, for Line 2 – “L2/
4”, for Line 3 – “L3/4”, and for Line 4 – “L4/4”) for
both the remote end (R) and the central office end
(C) (see "SHDSL Transmission Line" in the
illustration on Page 110) as well as for each SHDSL
line segment (see "SHDSL Segment" in the
illustration on Page 110).
The parameter “EOC usage” must be set to “on” (see
Page 182).
<RESET>
All of the error counters (CRC Count,
ES Count, SES Count, LOSWS and
UAS Count) will be reset to zero (see
the table “SHDSL Connection
Parameters” on Page 110).
<SEG >>
Scroll through the displays of the
parameters for the individual line
segments. The ARGUS indicates in
the top line which line segment’s
parameters (see Page 110) are
currently being displayed.
Scroll through the connection
parameters (see Page 110).
The ARGUS will open the status
display.
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
11.4 Tests in the STU-R – ATM mode (2 and 4 wire)
In this mode, the ARGUS evaluates the ATM data on the SHDSL line and can perform the
following tests after the SHDSL connection has been setup:
- IP ping
For more information, see Page 58
- Trace route
For more information, see Page 63
- HTTP download
For more information, see Page 66
- FTP download
For more information, see Page 70
- FTP upload
For more information, see Page 73
- VPI/VCI scan
For more information, see Page 76
- ATM OAM ping
For more information, see Page 78
- ATM BERT
For more information, see Page 81
- IPTV
For more information, see Page 83
- IPTV Scan
For more information, see Page 86
- VoIP telephony
For more information, see Page 89
11.5 Tests in the STU-C – ATM mode (2 and 4 wire)
The following tests can be performed:
- VPI/VCI scan
For more information, see Page 76
- ATM OAM ping
For more information, see Page 78
- ATM BERT
For more information, see Page 81
11.6 Tests in the STU-R – ATM Router mode (2 and 4 wire)
The following tests can be performed:
- IP ping
For more information, see Page 58
- Trace route
For more information, see Page 63
- HTTP download
For more information, see Page 66
- FTP download
For more information, see Page 70
- FTP upload
For more information, see Page 73
- VPI/VCI scan
For more information, see Page 76
- ATM OAM ping
For more information, see Page 78
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
- IPTV
For more information, see Page 83
- IPTV Scan
For more information, see Page 86
- MDI analysis
For more information, see Page 95
- VoIP telephony
For more information, see Page 89
11.7 Tests in the STU-R – ATM Bridge mode (2 and 4 wire)
The following test can be performed:
- MDI analysis
ARGUS 145
For more information, see Page 95
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11 Tests on an SHDSL Access (optional)
11.8 Clearing Down an SHDSL Connection
Clear down an SHDSL connection
Save the result?
Prompt whether the results should be saved.
<YES>
Store the result
The ARGUS saves the connection parameters in the
first available record number in memory; a name can
be assigned to the record (see Page 164).
The record name is entered using the numeric
keypad (default: AMP_1, AMP_2.... or the call
number of the access under test if the number has
been entered into the speed-dialling memory (see
Page 211)).
When the right softkey is pressed it assumes a
different meaning and thus influences the entries
made from the keypad:
<12>ab> entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB
>
entry of the lowercase characters and
@, /,- and .
(e.g. to enter a "c“ press the "2" on the
keypad three times)
< AB>12
>
entry of the uppercase characters and
@, /,- and .
<DEL>
Delete the character before the cursor
Move the cursor
If all of the records have been written, you must
manually select a memory location (record).
118
ARGUS 145
12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12 Tests on an ISDN Access
Using the number keypad to start a function on a BRI access:
Using the numeric keys, you can start important ARGUS functions directly, regardless of
the currently active menu level.
Operation on an ISDN Access
Numeric key 0
Display ARGUS Status
Numeric key 1
Show the “Function assignment” on the ARGUS display
Numeric key 2
Start the service check
Numeric key 3
Start Supplementary Service test
Numeric key 4
Start Auto-Test
Numeric key 5
Send test results to a PC
Numeric key 6
Start the Test Manager
Numeric key 7
Open the Speed-Dialling Memory
Numeric key 8
The ARGUS will open the PC/Trace Configuration menu
Numeric key 9
BERT start
Level measuring
Call setup
∗1
Display the available SW options
∗2
Reset all the parameters to their default values.
The speed-dialing memory with the call numbers, PPP
user name, PPP password, IP addresses, Profile names,
User-specific services, Keypad Infos and all of the test
results stored in the ARGUS (e.g. Automatic test
sequence on an ISDN access, ADSL test results, profiles
etc.) will be deleted.
If a function is called where the ARGUS expects the entry of a digit, pressing a
number key will be interpreted as the expected input.
ARGUS 145
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.1 Test the Supplementary Services
The ARGUS checks whether the ISDN access under test supports supplementary services
in 1TR6 or DSS1 protocol.
12.1.1 Suppl.serv.test for the 1TR6 protocol
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start the test
The test results are displayed automatically:
+ =
- =
suppl. service supported
suppl. service not supported
to scroll through the results.
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
Sperre
Blocking enabled for outgoing calls
AWS1
Call forwarding type 1 enabled (continuous)
AWS2
Call forwarding type 2 enabled (case by case)
Anschluss GBG
Access belongs to a Closed Users Group
Geb.anzeige
Advice of charge
Rufnummern-Id
Set up call number identifier - against malicious calls
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.1.2 Suppl.service interrogation in DSS1
Enter own number
Select service
Select a B-channel
Select test
Use the keypad to enter the "Own number" or select it
(the number of the access under test) from the speeddialing memory (see Page 211). The ARGUS will test
the availability of the supplementary service (in part by
placing a call to itself).
Using the cursor keys, select the service which should
be used for the supplementary services test.
Enter the B-channel on the keypad. By default the
channel used last will be suggested (press <DEL> first,
if you wish to select a different B-channel). If you enter
an *, the ARGUS will choose any B-channel that is
free.
Using the cursor keys, select the supplementary
service to be tested (e.g. the supplementary service
TP).
Start the test
The ARGUS will automatically display the test results:
+ =
- =
suppl. service supported
suppl. service not supported
to scroll through the results.
Close the results display.
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
Test
Comments
TP
The ARGUS tests the TP (Terminal Portability) supplementary service by
making a self call.
HOLD
ARGUS 145
The ARGUS tests the HOLD supplementary service by making a self call.
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
CLIP
The ARGUS checks, one after the other, whether the 4 supplementary
services CLIP, CLIR, COLP and COLR are supported. To do so, the ARGUS
(CLIP,
CLIR,
COLP,
COLR)
will set up as many as three calls to itself.
CLIP: Will the calling subscriber's number be displayed at the called
subscriber?
(t = CLIP temporarily available
p = CLIP permanently available)
CLIR: Will the display of the calling subscriber's number at the called
subscriber be suppressed or is it possible to temporarily suppress the
display?
If the ARGUS displays an *, it is not possible to determine the availability of
the service, since no CLIP has been set up.
(t = CLIR temporarily available
p = CLIR permanently available)
COLP: Will the call number of the subscriber who answered be displayed on
the caller's phone?
COLR: Will the display of the call number of the subscriber who answered be
suppressed on the caller's phone or is it possible to temporarily suppress the
display?
If the ARGUS displays an *, it is not possible to determine the availability of
the service, since no COLP has been set up.
The suppl. services pairs CLIP and CLIR as well as COLP and COLR will be
tested. If CLIR or COLR is set up permanently, it is not possible to make a
clear assessment.
DDI
Can a caller directly dial in to an extension on the PBX access under test?
MSN
Is the supplemental service MSN available?
CF
(CFU,
CFB,
CFNR)
The ARGUS will check one after the other whether the 3 supplementary
services CFU, CFB and CFNR are supported.
CFU:
Can this access immediately forward an incoming call?
CFB:
Can this access forward an incoming call when it is busy; in other
words does it support Call Forwarding Busy?
CFNR: Can this access forward an incoming call when it is not answered?
In the CF test the ARGUS attempts to set up a call diversion to the call
number that is in the memory location for “remote call number 1” (see “Saving
Call Numbers” on page 211.). The CF test cannot be performed, if this
location does not contain a valid call number to which it is possible to divert a
call.
CW
122
Does the access under test support call waiting?
ARGUS 145
12 Tests on an ISDN Access
CCBS
Will the access under test automatically recall a remote subscriber, if the
number called was busy?
CCNR
Will the access under test automatically recall a remote subscriber if the call
was not answered?
MCID
Does the access tested allow identification of malicious callers (call tracing)?
3PTY
Does the access under test support a three-party conference call?
For this test, you need the assistance of a remote subscriber, whose call
number must be entered.
ECT
Is an explicit call transfer supported by the access under test?
To run the ECT test, you will need the assistance of a remote subscriber,
whose call number must be entered.
AOC
The ARGUS checks whether the charges can be sent to the access under
test. The test uses a call to oneself to check both AOC-D (AOC during a call)
and AOC-E (AOC at the end of a call).
SUB
A call is made to oneself and answered to check the transfer of the subaddress in both directions.
Are sub-addresses supported on the access under test?
UUS
Does the access under test support the transfer of user data?
CUG
The ARGUS then uses a self call to check whether the access under test
belongs to a closed user group.
CD
An incoming call will be diverted immediately. This form of call diversion
differs from the others in that it is invoked on a call-by-call basis, and is not
preconfigured to a specific destination.
ARGUS 145
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
Supplementary Services Tests – Error messages
If an error occurs during the Supplementary Services Tests or if it is not possible to set up a
call, the ARGUS will display the corresponding error code.
Example: The error code 28 belongs to the error class "wrong or invalid number".
In the table below, you will find that this is an error from the network and that it reports that
the call number was incomplete or in the wrong call number format (see “CAUSEMessages – DSS1 Protocol” on page 227.).
Distributing the error codes into error classes:
Error
class
Description
Cause (from network)
1 TR6
DSS1
Cause (ARGUS internal)
201, 204, 205, 210, 220
A
no or another access
__
__
B
wrong or invalid number
53, 56
1, 2, 3,18, 21, 22, 152,161,162,199
28, 88
C
one or more B-channels busy
10, 33, 59 17,34,47
___
D
wrong service
3
___
49, 57, 58,6 3 65,
70, 79
For further information regarding error codes, please see Page 227, Page 229 and Page
231.
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.2 Service test
The ARGUS checks, which of the following services are supported by the access under
test:
Service
Displayed Name
Language
Language
Unrestricted Digital Information
DFU 64 kBit
3.1 kHz Audio
3.1 kHz audio
7 kHz Audio
7 kHz audio
Unrestricted Digital Information with tones / display
UDI-TA
Telephony
Tel.ISDN
Facsimile Group 2/3
Fax G3
Facsimile Group 4 Class 1
Fax G4
Teletex service basis and mixed mode and facsimile
Mixed Mode
service Group 4 Classes II and III
Teletex Service basic mode
Teletex
International interworking for Videotex
Videotex
Telex
Telex
OSI application according to X.200
OSI
7 kHz Telephony
Tele.7 kHz
Video telephony, first connection
Bildtel. 1
Video telephony, second connection
Bildtel. 2
Three user-specific services (optional, see Page 200
Userspec. 1 to 3
)
The test runs automatically.
For each service, the ARGUS will place a call to itself (to the access under test). However,
the call will not be answered so no charges will be incurred.
ARGUS 145
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Enter own number
Enter the number of the access under test
Service test starts
There are PBXs that use separate call numbers for incoming and outgoing calls.
In this case, for the Service tests, you can enter a “remote” call number that does
not match the “own” number that is stored in the ARGUS.
If the Service check should extend outside of the local exchange, it is possible to perform
the Service check in an end-to-end mode.
In this case, you must enter the remote call number for a second terminal device.
The ARGUS will then automatically check whether the remote terminal can accept the call
under the various services – in other words, whether it is “compatible” with these services.
In the test results, the second part (second +, - or *) refers to the answer from the remote
exchange.
Test results:
The ARGUS will display the results of the test once it
is done.
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
The ARGUS makes a distinction between outgoing
calls (the first +, - or *) and incoming calls (the second
+, - or *).
+ =
- =
* =
Service supported
Service not supported
A definite statement cannot be given, see the
displayed error code for the reason.
to scroll through the results.
Close the results display.
The ARGUS will return to the previous
display.
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
Interpreting the test results:
Display
Explanation
++
The self call functions OK or the remote end can take the call for this service
+-
The call was sent successfully, however, it was rejected at the remote end due
to a lack of authorization.
(Error class D in a B-channel message e.g. in a SETUP_ACK or CALL_SENT)
-
An outgoing call with this service is not possible
(Error class D without a B-channel message)
+*
The call was sent successfully, the call back or call to the remote end failed
(e.g., remote end busy or no B-channel available for the call back).
*
Wrong number, no B-channel available or other error
(Error class B, C or E without a B-channel message)
If the outgoing call is not successful, it is not possible to make a statement about an
incoming call.
Therefore, you will never see “- +” or “- *” on the display.
An example:
For outgoing, the Fax G3 service is OK. No statement
is possible about incoming.
The error code 63 gives the coded cause of the error
(see the table in the Appendix).
In this case, it is recommended that you have
someone place a call to the access under test using
this service.
The services Fax G4 and Mixed Mode are supported
for outgoing calls. The Teletex service is supported in
both directions.
If an error of error class A occurs (see “Supplementary Services Tests – Error messages”
on page 124.) the Service test will be aborted. An error of any other error class will coded
in decimal (in the example above 63), assigned to the respective service and then
displayed.
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.3 Bit error test
The bit error rate test (BERT = Bit Error Rate Test) serves to check the transmission
quality of the access circuit.
As a rule, the network operator will guarantee an average error rate of 1 x 10-7, in other
words in long-term operation 1 bit error in 10 million transmitted bits. A higher bit error rate
will be especially noticeable in transmitting data.
The application program detects the errors in the data blocks transmitted and requests that
the remote partner send them again, which reduces the effective throughput of the ISDN
connection.
In the bit error rate test, the tester establishes an ISDN connection to a remote tester or
places a call to itself, sends a standardized (quasi-) random number string and compares
the received data with that which was sent. The individual bit errors are summed and
depending on the test procedure and equipment evaluated in accordance with the ITU
Guideline G.821.
During the test, the ARGUS counts the bit errors and after the test is done it calculates the
bit error rate and other parameters in accordance with G.821.
Since the bit error rate test checks both B-channels in both directions at the same time,
both B-channels are required.
As a rule, the quality of the network operator’s access circuits is quite good. Therefore, no
bit errors should occur in a 1-minute test.
However, if an error occurs, the test should be repeated with a measurement time of 15
minutes to achieve higher statistical precision. The access circuit is heavily distorted, if
more than 10 bit errors occur within a test period of 15 minutes.
Contact the network operator or the supplier of the PBX equipment and ask them to test
your access circuit.
The BERT can be performed in three different ways:
1.
BERT in an extended call to oneself
A remote number is not needed, since the ISDN connection is setup to oneself. In
this case, the ARGUS requires two B-channels for the test.
2.
BERT with a loopbox
A loopbox (e.g., another member of the ARGUS family of testers at the remote
end) is required. The test uses one B-channel.
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2.
BERT end-to-end
This test requires a waiting remote tester such as an ARGUS in the BERT wait
mode (see Page 135). A bit pattern is sent to this tester.
Independent of the received bit pattern, the remote tester uses the same algorithm
to generate a bit-pattern that it sends back.
Therefore, both directions are tested independently.
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12.3.1 Start BERT
The following parameters are required for the BERT:
BERT time
(default duration: 1 minute)
Error level
If the bit error rate exceeds this limit, the ARGUS will display the
test result NO. If the bit error rate is less than this limit, the ARGUS
will display an OK (default setting = 10-5)
HRX value
Hypothetical reference connection, see the ITU-T G.821
(default setting = 15%)
Bit pattern
which will be sent during the test (default setting = 215-1)
The parameters can be changed individually and saved (see Page 202).
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Enter own number
Select service
Select a B-channel
Enter your own number to perform the BERT in an
extended call to oneself (2 B-channels).
or
a remote number for a BERT to a loopbox (1 B-channel)
or end-to-end
Using the cursor keys, select the service which should be
used for the BERT.
Enter the B-channel on the keypad (first press <DEL>). If
you enter an *, the ARGUS will choose any B-channel
that is free.
BERT start
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After the ARGUS has set up the connection and
synchronised the send and receive directions, it will
display the bit pattern, the B-channel used (e.g. B1),
the synchronicity of the bit pattern (synchronous or
asynchronous), the sync time in h:min:sec (time in
which the ARGUS can sync to the bit pattern)
Sync.time in h:min:sec (the period of time that the
ARGUS has been synchronised)
the LOS counter and the number of bit errors that have
occurred.
<ERROR>
The ARGUS will generate an artificial bit error, which can be used to test
the reliability of the measurement (in particular for end-to-end tests).
<TM>
Opens the Test Manager (see Page 160)
<RESET>
Restart the BERT: The test time and number of bit errors will be reset.
Stop the BERT
When a bit error is detected, this will be signaled by a brief alarm;
in the event that the synchronisation is lost, a constant alarm will sound
(see page 210 Alarm bell).
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After the test time is over, the ARGUS will display the
cause and the location which initiated the disconnect.
If the test ran normally, the ARGUS will display “active
clearing” on this line.
The test results display:
The evaluation of the results depends on the error
threshold (OK).
Transferred data (e.g. 3752kb, k=1000·bits), sync time
and no. of LOS (LOS counter)
abs. err. - number of bit errors (e.g. 10),
rel. errors - The bit error rate (e.g. 9.7E-07 = 9.7·10-7 =
0.00000097)
<SAVE>
Save the results (see Page 134)
Display of other characteristic values (in accordance
with ITU-T G.821)
All values are relative and given in percentages.
The ARGUS evaluates whether the test results satisfy
the limits specified in the G.821 under consideration of
the reference connection (HRX).
(The display will show either OK or NO).
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
Characteristic values (in accordance with ITU-T G.821)
HRX
Defines the hypothetical reference connection
EFS
Error Free Seconds:
The number of seconds in which no error occurred.
ES821
Errored Seconds:
The number of seconds in which one or more errors occurred.
SES821
Severely Errored Seconds:
The number of seconds in which the bit error rate is >10-3.
In one second, 64,000 bits are transferred, thus BitERror (BER)=10-3
equates to 64 bit errors.
US
Unavailable Seconds:
The number of all sequentially adjacent seconds (at least 9 sec) in which
BER>10-3.
AS
Available Seconds:
The number of all sequentially adjacent seconds (at least 9 sec) in which
BER<10-3.
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DM
Degraded Minutes:
The number of minutes in which the bit error rate is >10-6.
In one minute, 3,840,000 bits are transferred, thus a BER = 10-6
corresponds to 3.84 bit errors (3 errors = NO (no degraded minutes), 4
errors = OK (Degraded Minutes).
LOS
Loss of Synchronisation:
Synchronization is lost at an error rate > or = 20% within a second. The
absolute number of synchronization losses will be shown.
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12.3.2 BERT - saving
The ARGUS can store the results of several BERTs. The ARGUS saves the results
together with the date, time and call number of the access under test (if this number has
been entered as the "own" number in the speed-dialing memory) under the next free record
number (see Page 164).
If all of the records are used, the ARGUS will return to the Autom. Test dialog and request
permission to overwrite the oldest test results.
Save the result?
<YES> BERT - saving
Using the numeric keys enter the name under which
the result should be saved (Default: AMP_1, AMP_2....
or the call number of the access under test if the
number has been saved in the speed-dialing memory)
When the right softkey is pressed it assumes a
different meaning and thus influences the entries
made from the keypad (letters or digits):
<12>ab>
entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB > entry of the lowercase characters and
@, /,- and .
(e.g. to enter a "c“ press the "2" on the
keypad three times)
< AB>12 > entry of the uppercase characters and
@, /,- and .
To move the cursor right or left, use
horizontal cursor keys.
<DEL>
134
Delete the character before the cursor.
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12.3.3 Displaying the Saved BERT Results:
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select the record with the saved
BERT results
(in the example: Record 1 with the access number
0235190700)
ARGUS State display
The ARGUS will first display the status of the access
under test.
<CONTI.>
Display of the
results
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Display of the saved results (see Page 169).
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.3.4 Bert wait
In “BERT wait” mode, the ARGUS will wait for the BERT at the remote end which is
necessary for an end-to-end test:
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Activate “BERT wait”
The ARGUS first waits for a call and then sets up the
connection.
During the connection, the received bit pattern will be
evaluated and an additional independent bit pattern
will be sent.
<TM>
Opens the Test Manager (Page 160)
The ARGUS displays that will appear are the same as
those in Chapter 12.3.1 Start BERT .
Exit “BERT wait” mode
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12.3.5 B-channel loop
“B-channel loop” mode is required in order to run a bit error test using a loopbox (an
ARGUS is the loopbox) at the remote end as well as to test leased lines.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Activate the B-channel Loop
The ARGUS will wait for a call. Any incoming call
(regardless of the service) will be taken immediately.
The ARGUS will switch a loop back in the B-channel
that is specified by the exchange and then send the
received bit pattern back to the caller/sender.
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.
(The B-channel Loop remains active. In
the Main menu, if <TM > is pressed, the
ARGUS will return to "B-channel Loop,
wait active" (see Page 163)).
In this case, a second B-channel Loop
connection can be started (via <TM>).
<TM>
Calls the Test Manager
Exit “B-channel Loop” mode
If the ARGUS takes a call, the caller's number will be
shown in the display (e.g. 235190700),
along with the B-channel used (e.g. B01) and the
number dialled (e.g. 907070).
Use the cursor keys to display additional information
(e.g. UUS…) if available.
<MENU>
The ARGUS will return to the Main
menu.
<TM>
Calls the Test Manager
Disconnect the “B-channel loop
connection”
“B-channel LOOP” mode remains
active.
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12.4 X.31 Test
The ARGUS will either perform a “Manual X.31 Test” or an “Automatic X.31 Test”:
In the case of an automatic test, the ARGUS will first set up the D-channel connection and
then begin setting up the X.31 connection. Afterwards, the ARGUS will automatically clear
the connection and display the results.
In the case of a manual test, the ARGUS will set up a D-channel connection and an X.31
connection. The duration of this connection is determined by the user (or the opposing
end). For the duration of the connection, the ARGUS will repeatedly send a predefined data
packet.
The ARGUS will count all of the data packets sent and received and will display (where
possible) the contents of the data packets received.
Optional: Several parameters can be configured and saved in three different X.31 profiles
for the X.31 test (Page 206). Depending on the test variant, the ARGUS will retrieve and
use the stored parameters. Values such as TEI and LCN will be shown as default values in
the display.
12.4.1 Automatic X.31-Test
There are three possible variants of the Automatic X.31 Test:
1) D-channel
The “X.31 Automatic, D-channel” test consists of two steps:
First step:
The ARGUS tests whether it is possible to access the X.25 service via the D-channel on
the BRI access under test. The ARGUS sequentially checks all the TEIs from 0 to 63. All
the TEIs with which the X.31 service is possible on Layer 2 will be displayed.
Second step:
For each TEI with which X.31 is possible on Layer 2, a CALL_REQ packet will be sent and
then the ARGUS will wait for an answer. Beforehand, the ARGUS will request the entry of
the X.25 access number, which will be saved in speed-dialling memory under X.31 test
number (see “Saving Call Numbers” on page 211) With the entry of the X.25 access
number, you can - if you wish - select a logical channel (LCN) other than the default.
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ARGUS iSingle tests menu
Press EDIT to open the menu for editing
the profile (see Page 206).
<EDIT >
Start the test
X.31 test running
The test can take up to 4 minutes (a rotating bar will be
displayed). Beginning on the left, the ARGUS will
display the TEI currently being tested followed by the
one previously tested and its result:
+ = X.31 is available for this TEI
- = X.31 is not available for this TEI
After the test is completed, the ARGUS will show
whether the X.31 service is available for Layer 3 for
the TEIs found in Step 1.
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results.
Test results:
TEI:02
= The first valid TEI value is 02.
++
= Both test steps were successful.
+-
= The first test step was successful,
The second test step was unsuccessful.
In this case, the ARGUS will display the
relevant X.31 cause for the failure (in the
example above, 13) and the associated
diagnostic code (in the example, 67) if
available (see Page 232).
If the X.31 service is not supported, the ARGUS will
report “X.31 (D) n. impl.”.
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2) B-channel case A (optional)
For this X.31 test variant, the ARGUS requires the entry of a call number for the D-channel
connection, a B-channel and the X.31 number; The ARGUS will use the number saved in
profile as the default value (see Page 206) and the "X.31 test number" from the speeddialling memory (see Page 211).
The ARGUS will first set up a D-channel connection and then attempt to set up a X.31
connection on the B-channel.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
Press EDIT to open the menu for editing
the profile (see Page 206).
Entry of the call number for the D-channel connection
Enter the phone
Enter the B-channel
The ARGUS displays the LCN stored in the profile. It
can be edited from the keypad.
LCN is displayed
X.31 number displayed
Start test
ARGUS 145
The ARGUS displays the X.31 number saved in the
speed-dialing memory (see Page 211).
It can be edited from the keypad.
The ARGUS shows whether the test could be
completed successfully.
In the event of an error, the X.31 cause and a
diagnostic code will be displayed.
If it is not possible to set up a D-channel connection
(test not possible), an appropriate message will be
displayed.
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3) B-channel case B (optional)
This test is identical with the “B chan. case A” test, except that it is not necessary to enter a
D-channel call number.
The ARGUS will first set up a D-channel connection (via the service) and then attempt to
set up a X.31 connection on the B-channel.
12.4.2 Manual X.31 Test
There are three possible variants of the Manual X.31 Test:
1) D-channel
In this test variant, the ARGUS first requests a TEI, LCN and an X.31 number (The
ARGUS uses the values stored in the profile as default values - seePage 206).
If an ** is entered for the TEI, the ARGUS will automatically determine a TEI.
Using the first TEI with which X.31 is possible, the ARGUS will begin to set up a
connection.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Select the profile.
<EDIT >
TEI is displayed
The ARGUS displays the TEI stored in the profile.
You can edit the TEI from the keypad; If you enter **,
the ARGUS will automatically determine a TEI.
<DEL>
LCN is displayed
142
Press EDIT to open the menu for editing
the profile (see Page 206).
Delete the TEI
The ARGUS displays the LCN stored in the profile. It is
possible to edit the LCN from the keypad.
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Display or
entry of the
X.31 number
The saved X.31 number (speed-dialing memory) is
displayed. It can be edited from the keypad.
Set up a X.31 connection
The ARGUS will display the LCN, TEI and X.31
number and the negotiated connection parameters.
<DATA>
Delete the TEI
<STAT.>
Press STAT. to display the L1/L2/L3
statistics.
<L2>
to scroll to the L2 statistics
<L3>
to scroll to the L3 statistics
The connection will be maintained until the user or the
opposing end clears it. When the X.31 connection is
cleared, the ARGUS will automatically clear the Dchannel connection.
Save X.31 (D) test?
<YES>
The ARGUS saves the results.
Display of the saved results - see Page
169.
2) B-channel case A (optional)
For this test variant, a D-channel call number and a X.31 number must be entered. The
ARGUS will first set up a D-channel connection. Once the D-channel connection has been
set up, the ARGUS will set up a X.31 connection via a B-channel.
If the X.31 connection cannot be set up, the ARGUS will automatically clear the D-channel
connection. In this case, the ARGUS will display the X.31 cause and the associated
diagnostic code (see Page 232).
Once a connection has been successfully set up, the ARGUS will send the number of data
packets (number set in the parameter "Packet number" Page 206).
The ARGUS will count the data packets sent and received and will display (as far as
possible) the contents of the data packets received.
3) B-channel case B (optional)
This test is performed in the same way as the “B-Channel Case B” test, except that it is not
necessary to enter a D-channel call number.
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12.5 CF Interrogation
The ARGUS will check whether - for the access under test (BRI with DSS1 or U-Interface
optional) - a call diversion has been set up in the exchange.
The ARGUS will show the type of diversion (CFU, CFNR or CFB) and the call diversion’s
service. The display is limited to a maximum of 10 call diversions for all of the MSNs. The
ARGUS will count any additionally set up call diversions.
Any call diversion set up in the exchange can be cleared with the ARGUS.
ARGUS - Single tests menu
Start the CF interrogation;
The test can take several seconds.
The ARGUS displays the type (e.g. CFU) and service
(e.g. A3K1H) of the call diversion, which in this
example is the third of a total of nine found (3/09).
The number 2351919658 is diverted to 14418.
Delete displayed call diversion
Security query
Security query
<YES>
Clear the displayed call diversion in the
exchange
<ALL>
Delete all call diversions.
If the call diversion cannot be cleared an appropriate
message will be displayed.
<CONTI.>
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
Some PBXs or exchanges do not permit the use of the mechanism used (by the
ARGUS) for the interrogation of the call diversions for all MSNs or they return a
negative acknowledgement of the interrogation of call diversions, implying that no
call diversions have been set up.
In the event of a negative acknowledgement, the ARGUS will, therefore, request
that the “Own” MSN be entered.
The call diversion interrogation will be repeated MSN-specific.
Naturally, in this case, the results of the interrogation of the call diversion only
apply for the entered MSN and not for the entire access.
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Abbreviations used for the services and service groups on the display:
Basic Service
Abbreviation
All services
All
Language
Spch
UDI 64 kBit
UDI
Audio 3.1 kHz
A3k1H
Audio 7 kHz
A7kHz
Telephony 3.1 kHz
Tel31
Teletext
TTX
Fax Group 4
FaxG4
Video syntax based
ViSyB
Video Telephony
ViTel
Telefax Groups 2/3
FaxG3
Telephony 7 kHz
Tel7
Unrestricted digital information
UDI
Unknown Basic Service
Unkno
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12.6 CF - Activation
Using the ARGUS, call diversions can be set up in the exchange (BRI or U-Interface).
ARGUS iSingle tests menu
Select service
Using the cursor keys, select the service of the call
diversion (e.g. SPch).
Select CFx type
Using the cursor keys, select the type of call diversion
(e.g. CFU).
Own number
Under "Own number", enter the number which should
be diverted.
<DEL>
Remote number 1
Delete the digit before the cursor
Enter the number to which calls should be diverted.
Set up the call diversion
Delete phone number
146
<CONTI.>
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.7 CF - Delete
Using the ARGUS, selected call diversions can be deleted/cleared in the exchange (BRI or
U-Interface).
ARGUS - Single tests menu
Select service
Using the cursor keys, select the service of the call
diversion (e.g. SPch).
Select CFx type
Using the cursor keys, select the type of call diversion
(e.g. CFU).
Own number
Under "Own number", enter the number which should
no longer be diverted.
<DEL>
Delete the digit before the cursor
Delete a call diversion
Delete phone number
<CONTI.>
ARGUS 145
The ARGUS returns to the Single tests
menu.
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12 Tests on an ISDN Access
12.8 MSN Interrogation
On a P-MP access using the DSS1 protocol, the ARGUS will determine the MSNs of the
access under test. It will display a maximum of 10 call numbers. Depending on the Type of
Number (TON), the ARGUS will display the call numbers in different versions:
-
only the MSN (without area code)
-
with national area code without leading the “0”
-
with country code without leading the “00”
-
complete call number
In order to interrogate the MSNs, the access under test must support the
supplementary service “Call Forwarding (CF)”.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Start the MSN interrogation
In this example, the ARGUS displays the first MSN
(2351919658) of a total of three found (1/03).
Use the cursor keys: to scroll through the results.
<NEW>
Repeat the MSN interrogation
Due to differences in the protocol, some exchanges do not support MSN
interrogation.
In this case, the ARGUS will report: MSN interrogation not possible!
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12.9 Time measurements
The ARGUS measures three different times:
- Connection set up time
- Propagation time of the data and
- Transit time differential (interchannel delay) of the data in two B-channels.
Time measurements on a BRI or U-Interface access are only possible in TE mode.
12.9.1 Connection set up time
The ARGUS places an outgoing call and measures the time between sending the SETUP
and receiving the ALERT or CONN. The ARGUS disconnects automatically as soon as the
measurement is completed.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Dial the number
Enter - or select from the speed-dialing memory - the
call number for the outgoing call.
Select service
B-channel select
Enter the B-channel on the keypad.
Perform measurement
The ARGUS will display the connection setup time in
seconds and the received L3 messages (end of
connection setup).
If the measurement cannot be performed (e.g.
because the call number entered was wrong or no Bchannel was available) the ARGUS will display the
corresponding cause.
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12.9.2 Time measurement: B-channel delay
The ARGUS places a call to itself (self call) or to a remote loopbox and measures the
propagation delay for the data in the selected B-channel.
The ARGUS disconnects automatically as soon as the measurement is completed.
ARGUS iSingle tests menu
Dial the number
Enter own number for self calls or remote number for
connections to a remote loopbox.
Select service
Enter the B-channel on the keypad.
B-channel select
Perform measurement
The ARGUS displays the average (avg), the shortest
(min) and the longest (max) B-channel delay as well as
the average B-channel delay (bit) (in multiples of the
time required to send a bit at 64 kbit/s).
(The time for sending 1 bit at 64 kBit/s = approx. 15.26
µs.)
The measurement will be
(continuous measurement).
repeated
in
cycles
Terminate the measurement; the
ARGUS displays the results of the last
measurement.
If the measurement cannot be performed (e.g. because a mistake was made in entering
the call number or no B-channel was available) the ARGUS will display the corresponding
cause.
When it is connected to a loopbox, if the ARGUS does not receive the data back within 13
seconds, it will display the message “No LOOP”.
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12.9.3 Time measurement: Interchannel delay
The ARGUS establishes two separate connections to a remote loopbox. The loopbox
sends the respective B-channel data back on the same channel. The ARGUS measures
the propagation delay for the data on each of the B-channels and determines the difference
between the two propagation delays (interchannel delay).
The ARGUS disconnects automatically as soon as the measurement is completed.
ARGUS in the Single tests menu
Dial the number
Enter - or select from the speed-dialing memory - the
call number of the loopbox
Select service
Perform measurement
The ARGUS displays the average (avg), the shortest
(min) and the longest (max) interchannel delay in msec.
as well as the average interchannel delay in bits
(multiples of the time required to send a bit at 64 kbit/s) it takes 15.26 µsec to send a bit at 64 kbit/s).
The measurement will be
(continuous measurement).
repeated
in
cycles
Terminate the measurement; the
ARGUS displays the results of the last
measurement.
If the measurement cannot be performed (e.g. because a mistake was made in entering
the call number or no B-channel was available) the ARGUS will display the corresponding
cause.
When it is connected to a loopbox, if the ARGUS does not receive the data back within 13
seconds, it will display the message “No LOOP”.
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13 Connection
13.1 Setting up an ISDN connection
a) The ARGUS can set up a connection for the following services:
Service
Name in the
ARGUS
display
abbreviation
Language
Language / Lang
Unrestricted digital information
DFU 64 kBit/ DFU64
3.1 kHz Audio
Tel.analog / Tel. /
3.1 kHz audio
7 kHz Audio
7 kHz audio / 7 kHz
Unrestricted Digital Information with tones / display
UDI+TA / UDI TA
Telephony
Tel.ISDN / Tel.
Facsimile Group 2/3
Fax G3 / FaxG3
Facsimile Group 4 Class 1
Fax G4 / FaxG4
Teletex service basis and mixed mode and facsimile
Mixed Mode / Mixed
/
service Group 4 Classes II and III
Teletex Service basic mode
Teletex / Ttx64
International interworking for Videotex
Videotex / Vidtx
Telex
Telex / Telex
OSI application according to X.200
OSI / OSI
7 kHz Telephony
Tel.7kHz / Tel7k
Video telephony, first connection
Video telephony 1 /
Vid.1
Video telephony, second connection
Video telephony 2 /
Vid.2
Additional three user-specific services (see “Services” on page 200.)
b) The integrated handset can be used as a phone during a telephone connection.
c) When an ISDN connection is setup, pressing the number keys (0-9) or the * or # will
generate and send the corresponding DTMF tones.
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13.1.1 Overlap sending (outgoing call)
In overlap sending, the digits entered for the call number are sent individually.
ARGUS - Single tests menu
The ARGUS will open the Outgo.call Tel.
display
-Key
Select service
Enter the B-channel
Using the cursor keys select the service that
should be used for the connection.
Enter the B-channel via the keypad (by default, the
ARGUS suggests the last B-channel used).
When entering a new B-channel, first press
<DEL>. If you enter an * , the ARGUS will choose
any B-channel that is available. The ARGUS will
show whether the B-channel is available.
Setup the connection
Enter the number on the keypad.
The ARGUS displays the service (e.g. Tel.), the
own number (90700), the B-channel (B02) and the
number called (01191), the call reference (CR
value) as well as its length and flag.
<TM>
Starts the Test Manager (Page 160)
Cancel setup
or
The connection is set up using B-channel 2.
Use the cursor keys View additional information (if
available)
- Subaddress of the caller
- Destination number
- User-to-User Information
- Display Information
- Type of number (TON)
- Numbering Plan (NP)
ARGUS 145
<LOUD>
Increases the volume.
or
Disconnect
The ARGUS displays the cause of the
disconnect (see Page 158).
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13 Connection
- Display Advice of charges:
If the charges are not given in units, rather directly as currency, the ARGUS will display the
current charges in currency. If, in DSS1, the call charges are not provided in accordance
with the ETS 300 182 standard, rather in the form of the information element DISPLAY
(DSP), the ARGUS will display the DISPLAY message's character string.
Note regarding the entry of the call number
Separate the extension from the access number with a # (e.g. 02351 / 9070-20 is
entered on the ARGUS as: 023519070 #20).
For an outgoing call, the ARGUS uses the entire call number (without #) as the
number called (CDPN or DAD) and, for the calling number, only the extension
(DSS1-CGPN or 1TR6-OAD).
A “#” at the beginning of a call number is treated as a valid character. A ‘#’ at the
end of the own call number instructs the ARGUS to not send the caller’s number for
outgoing calls (CGPN or OAD).
Simplified overlap signaling using the telephone key
Press the
key to have the ARGUS open the Connection/Overlap window
directly regardless of the currently open menu.
If you press the
key again, you will hear the dial tone. Once you enter a call
number, the connection will be set up.
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13 Connection
13.1.2 En-bloc sending (outgoing call)
In en-bloc sending, the ARGUS sends the entire dialing information in one block. The
number is dialed from the call number memory (Page 211).
i ARGUS Single tests menu
Enter the phone number
-Key
Use the cursor keys to select the number from the
speed-dialling memory or reenter the number on
the keypad.
<DEL> Delete digit
The ARGUS will open the Outgo.call Tel.
display
Select service
Using the cursor keys select the service that should
be used for the connection.
Enter the B-channel
Enter the B-channel on the keypad (for details on
entry, see “Overlap sending”).
Start the dialing procedure
(for more displays and information see Overlap
sending)
<LOUD> Starts the Test Manager (Page 160)
or
ARGUS 145
Disconnect
The ARGUS displays the cause of the
disconnect (see Page 158), the call
reference as well as its length and the
associated flag.
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13 Connection
13.1.3 Incoming Call (ISDN)
An incoming call can be taken at any time even when a test (e.g. BERT) is in process (see
“Starting Several Tests to Run Simultaneously” on page 160.).
The ARGUS will signal an incoming call with an audible tone and a message on the
display.
On a P-MP access, you can use the Call acceptance (see “Call Acceptance” on page
200.) function to configure the ARGUS to only signal incoming calls which are addressed
to the MSN that corresponds to your own call number. This function can only be used when
your own call number has been entered into the ARGUS’s speed-dialing memory (see
“Saving Call Numbers” on page 211.) and the incoming call has a destination MSN.
The ARGUS displays the service (Tel.), the number of
the caller (02351907070), the B-channel used (B01)
and the number called (90700).
The ARGUS will display the complete destination
number (DDI), if the Alerting mode is set to manual (see
Page 199).
Use the cursor keys View additional information (if
available)
Reject call
To take the call.
<TM>
Starts the Test Manager (Page 160)
Press the the cursor keys to view more information.
or
Clearing the connection.
The ARGUS displays the cause of the
disconnect (see Page 158).
Charge information in NT mode (optional):
In NT mode, the ARGUS will – for incoming calls – send advice of charges in accordance
with DSS1 as units and as currency (in Euro).
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13 Connection
13.1.4 Redial
The ARGUS will set up a call using the last number dialed.
In the Single tests menu, select “Connection”.
Select “Redial”
Select service
Enter the B-channel
Using the cursor keys select the service that should
be used for the connection.
Enter the B-channel via the keypad (by default, the last
B-channel used will be suggested). When entering a
new B-channel, first press <DEL>. If you enter an *, the
ARGUS will choose any B-channel that is free. The
ARGUS will show whether the B-channel is available.
The dialing procedure will begin using the number
which was dialed last.
(for more displays and information see Overlap
sending Page 153)
<LOUD>
Increases the volume.
<TM>
Start the Test Manager (see Page
160)
or
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Disconnect
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13 Connection
13.2 Clearing Down an ISDN Connection
or
Clear the connection
The ARGUS will display the cause (see the table
below) of the disconnect (e.g. Normal clearing) and
the location where the cause occurred (e.g.
subscriber).
Use the cursor keys to view additional information
(e.g. charges, if available).
The following causes are shown in clear text:
Cause
Display
Explanation
255
active clearing
User actively initiated the disconnection
Length Norm. clearing
0
Cause element with Long 0 is mostly used by 1TR6
01
Unalloc. number
Signals “No access under this call number”
16
Norm. clearing
Normal disconnect
17
User busy
The number called is busy
18
No user respond
No answer from the number called
19
Call.time XX
Call time too long
21
Call reject
The call is actively rejected
28
Wrong number
Wrong call number format or call number is incomplete
31
Norm. clearing
Unspecified “normal class” (Dummy)
34
No B-chan.avail.
No circuit / B-channel available
44
Req.chan.unavail
Requested B-channel not available
50
Req.fac.not subs
Requested supplementary service (facility) not subscribed
57
BC not authoriz.
Requested bearer capability is not enabled
63
Srv./opt.n.avail
Unspecified for “Service not available” or “Option not
available”
69
Req.fac.not impl.
Requested facility is not supported
88
Incompat.
Destination
Incompatible destination
102
Timer expired
Error handling routine started due to time-out
111
Protocol error
Unspecified for “protocol error class”
127
Interworking err
Unspecified for “interworking class”
Other causes are not shown in clear text, rather as decimal codes (see Page 227).
158
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13 Connection
13.3 Testing Features via the Keypad
This feature is only relevant on a BRI access.
Some network operators do not support the standard DSS1 features, rather they expect the
user to control the network via so-called keypad command sequences.
In these cases, the desired facility is usually activated by entering a series of characters
and then sending these characters within a DSS1-specific protocol element. These socalled Keypad-Elements are imbedded in a SETUP message. Each step is acknowledged
either acoustically (handset) or via special protocol elements (cause). These causes are
displayed by the ARGUS.
In the Single tests menu, select “Connection”.
Select “Keypad dial”
Select a Keypad Info entry
<EDIT > Select a Keypad Info entry to be edited.
Afterwards, use the keypad to enter the
Keypad Info (see Page 200).
Select service
Enter the B-channel
out.call
ARGUS 145
Using the cursor keys select the service that should be
used for the connection.
Enter the B-channel to be used for the connection via
the keypad (by default, the last B-channel used will be
suggested). When entering a new B-channel, first press
<DEL>. If you enter an *, the ARGUS will choose any Bchannel that is free. The ARGUS will show whether the
B-channel is available.
Start the dialing procedure
(for more displays and information see Overlap sending
Page 153)
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14 Test Manager
14 Test Manager
The ARGUS can start multiple tests or “connections” on a BRI access simultaneously.
As an example, a BERT can be run at the same time that you make a phone call. The
individual tests or “connections” use resources.
All of the tests that have been started will be administered by the Test Manager. Using the
Test Manager you can start new tests, switch between tests running in parallel or terminate
all of the tests that are currently running.
The ARGUS - Main menu
Open the Test Manager
If the ARGUS has setup a connection or if
the Single tests menu is open (or a test is
running), the Test Manager can be opened
using the 6 key or via the <TM> softkey.
14.1 Starting Several Tests to Run Simultaneously
Starting a new test or connection during an existing connection
Example:
There is a connection on B-channel 2.
During this connection, the Test Manager can be
started by pressing the
key or the <TM> softkey.
On the top line, the ARGUS will display the number of
existing connections (-/01).
Select desired test
(e.g. bit error rate test, BERT)
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14 Test Manager
Start the test (in the example, a BERT)
The connection still exists
For information on running a BERT, seePage 130
An example of
Tests
The connection
was the first
started
1/03 B02
There are currently
two active connections
or tests
The connection
uses B-channel 2
The ARGUS will
open the Connection
display.
If a test (or connection) is cancelled or cleared, the ARGUS will return to the Test Manager
if there is another test (or connection) running in the background.
Some tests use so many resources that they cannot be run in every combination
with other tests. In this case, the ARGUS will display “Test not possible at this
time”.
Test/
Connection
Number of times that this test/ It is possible to
connection can be started at the same change to another
test
time
Incoming call
2
Yes
Outgoing call
2
Yes
BERT
2
Yes
LOOP
2
Yes
Service tests
1
No
Suppl.serv.test
1
No
Time measurement
1
No
X.31 Test
1
No
CF Interrogation
1
No
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14 Test Manager
Auto. Test
1
No
Since the Auto. Test uses all of the
resources, no other tests or connections
are possible while it is running.
BRI level
1
No
POTS voltage
1
No
Accepting a call while a running test
The ARGUS signals an incoming call both audibly and on the display (see Page 152). The
incoming call can be accepted without influencing the currently running test. If either the “Bchannel loop” or the “BERT wait” function is active, the call will be accepted automatically.
The handling of multiple connections is illustrated in the following example of an incoming
call that arrives during a BERT, but it is identical for all other tests.
While running a BERT, the ARGUS displays
information about an incoming call.
<REJECT> Reject the incoming call.
The ARGUS returns to the BERT.
To take the call.
The BERT will continue in the background.
The ARGUS returns to the BERT
The connection is still active in the background, the
handset is still switched to the connection.
If available, the internal handset will be assigned to the currently started (voice)
connection. The assignment of the handset to a given connection is also retained
in the background.
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14 Test Manager
14.2 Switching Between Tests
Example:
The ARGUS will return to
Start the Test Manager
Select the test (connection) to which you wish to switch.
The ARGUS will return to the point from which
the Test Manager was called (e.g. to a test
running in parallel).
If no other test is running, the ARGUS will,
reasonably enough, return to the Main menu.
the selected test.
14.3 Cancel All
Start the Test Manager
The ARGUS will cancel all of the currently running tests
and/or connections and then return to the Main menu.
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15 Test Results
15 Test Results
The ARGUS displays the saved test results. Using the Intec software, WINplus or
WINanalyse, the test results can also be saved on a PC. WINplus or WINanalyse can then
be used to generate a comprehensive measurement report from these results.
The ARGUS saves the test results together with the date and time (from the internal clock
of the ARGUS). Additionally, settings such as your own plus a remote call number will also
be saved. The results are not lost when the ARGUS is switched off.
The ARGUS saves the results of various test series in sequentially numbered (1, 2, 3...)
records. .
Each item in the Test reports menu refers to a record. Therefore, the first step will open a
dialog in which you must select the desired data record.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select the record (saved test
results). The ARGUS will display for each record
number the associated name or the corresponding
date and time. Empty records are labled as "free“.
164
<DATE>
or
Display the date and time
<NAME>
Display the record names
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15 Test Results
Entering the record name:
The ARGUS will save the test results in the first free
record. This record can be assigned any name
(default: AMP_1, AMP_2.... or the call number of the
access under test if the number has been entered into
the speed-dialling memory, see Page 211).
If all of the records have been written, you must
manually select a memory location (record).
The record name is entered using the numeric keypad.
When the right softkey is pressed it assumes a
different meaning and thus influences the entries
made from the keypad (letters or digits):
<12>ab>
entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB > entry of the lowercase characters and
@, /,- and .
(e.g. to enter a "c“ press the "2" on the
keypad three times)
< AB>12 > entry of the uppercase characters and
@, /,- and .
Move the cursor
<DEL>
ARGUS 145
Delete the character before the cursor
165
15 Test Results
15.1 Start the automatic test
In this case, the ARGUS executes a test sequence automatically. The required parameters
(e.g. measurement time and error level for the BERT see Page 202) should be checked
before the automatic test series is begun.
The ARGUS automatically performs the following sequence of single tests:
On a BRI or U interface access (ARGUS in TE mode)
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
Service tests
-
BERT in an extended call to oneself
-
Supplementary Services Test
-
CF Interrogation (Call Diversions)
-
MSN Interrogation
-
X.31 test
On a BRI or U-interface leased line (permanent circuit)
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
BERT in end-to-end mode (e.g. with a loopbox on the remote end)
If the automatic test series is started by pressing function key 4 instead of via the Single
tests menu, you must first enter a name for it to be saved under.
Enter own number
Select service
Enter “Own number”; on accesses using the DSS1
protocol, also enter the “remote number”.
Use the cursor keys to select the service.
(required for the suppl.serv.test)
Start the test
During the test sequence, the ARGUS will display the
current single test.
Interrupting a test
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15 Test Results
Terminating the test (early):
The ARGUS is running an automatic test.
Interrupting a test
The ARGUS will return to the
next higher menu.
The ARGUS will terminate the test sequence, any test
results already gathered will be lost.
Any “old” data stored under this data record number
from a prior test will be retained.
Skipping individual tests:
A single test can be skipped:
In this example, the ARGUS is running a Service test.
Test interrupted
The ARGUS will jump to the next test.
(in the example to the BERT)
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167
15 Test Results
Resuming a test:
The ARGUS can resume an interrupted single test: In
this example, the ARGUS is running a Service test.
Test interrupted
The ARGUS repeats the interrupted single test.
(in the example, Service test)
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15 Test Results
15.2 Display saved results
The results of the individual tests performed in the automatic test sequence will be shown
on the display in the following order:
BRI (S-Bus) or U interface access
BRI (S-Bus) or U interface leased line
-
Status
-
Status
-
Level measuring
-
Level measuring
-
Service tests
-
BERT
-
BERT in an extended call to oneself
-
Supplementary Services Test
(Suppl.serv.test)
-
X.31 test
-
CF Interrogation (Call Diversions)
-
MSN Interrogation
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Select record
Display the test results
The ARGUS will first show the state of the ISDN
access under test or on a DSL access the DSL state
and line parameters.
<CONTI.>
The ARGUS will display the results of
the single tests. On a DSL access: bit
distribution (ADSL), trace data ...
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the results of the
single tests.
Close the results display.
ARGUS 145
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15 Test Results
15.3 Sending the Results of a Test to a PC
To visualize and archive the test results, the data records can be transferred to the PC via
the USB interface using the included cable (connect the cable to the ARGUS “USB” jack).
Connect the ARGUS to your PC and start the ARGUS WINplus program.
The ARGUS - Main menu
Select record
Use the cursor keys to select the record.
Start Data Transmission
to PC
15.4 Deleting the results of a test
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Select record
Use the cursor keys to select the record.
Delete the selected record.
A deleted record will be
shown as “free”.
170
For information on how to delete all records, see on
page 212 “Reset”.
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15 Test Results
15.5 Sending the results of all of the tests to a PC
The ARGUS will send the saved results of all of the tests to the PC.
ARGUS in the Main menu
Select record
Use the cursor keys to select the record.
Start Data Transmission
to PC
ARGUS 145
171
16 Level measuring
16 Level measuring
16.1 Level measuring on a BRI access
Level measurement – connected line
The ARGUS measures the level of the received useful signal. In TE mode, it also measures
the phantom feed. The measurement will be updated continuously.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS displays the level of the useful signal
(Level), the “Voltage” and the evaluation of the two
levels.
- Evaluation of the useful signal level:
<<
Level is too low
>>
Level is too high
OK
Level is in order (0.75V +20% -33%)
i. e. from 0.9 V to 0.5 V)
none
no level
- Evaluation of the level of the feed (Voltage)
normal
Normal feed (40V +4.25%-13.75%),
i. e. from 41.7 V to 34.5 V)
172
REV
Inverted phantom feed
NONE
No feed (Voltage)
< R>ON >
100Ω resistor switched in
<R>OFF >
100Ω resistor switched out
<NEW>
to set up Layer 1 again - to ensure a
reasonable measurement.
ARGUS 145
16 Level measuring
Level measurement other TE
The ARGUS will measure the level of a terminal connected in parallel. In this case, the
ARGUS is passive. Layer 1 must be activated on the terminal. The ARGUS updates its
measurement continuously.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The ARGUS displays the level of the useful signal and
an evaluation of this level:
<<
Level is too low
ARGUS 145
>>
Level is too high
OK
Level is in order (0.75V +20% -33%)
i. e. from 0.9 V to 0.5 V)
none
no level
< R>ON >
100Ω resistor switched in
<R>OFF >
100Ω resistor switched out
<NEW>
to set up Layer 1 again - to ensure a
reasonable measurement.
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16 Level measuring
16.2 Level Measurement on a U-interface Access
16.2.1 Measurement of the voltage on a U-interface access (optional)
ARGUS in its Level measuring menu
Start measurement
Voltage U
U: 95.0V
The ARGUS will display the level of the feed voltage.
The measurement will be updated continuously.
16.2.2 Measurement of the U-interface under load
The ARGUS measures the voltage on the U-interface under various selectable loads and
displays the calculated current and power.
From these values, it is possible to estimate the length of the line.
ARGUS in its Level measuring menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS displays the switched-in load in kΩ, the
measured voltage in Volts (should not exceed 100 V),
the calculated power in mW and the calculated current
in mA.
<++>
to increase the load by one increment
(i.e. the resistance will be lowered)
<-->
to decrease the load by one increment
(i.e. the resistance will be increased)
Step
Load / kΩ
Ω
Maximum voltage / V
1
64,4
Approx. 126.0 1)
2
28,1
Approx. 126.0 1)
3
19,2
Approx. 114.0 1)
4
13,9
Approx. 114.0 1)
5
11,3
Approx. 114.0 1)
6
9,2
Approx. 109.4 2)
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ARGUS 145
16 Level measuring
7
7,98
Approx. 101.8 2)
8
6,88
Approx. 94.6 2)
9
6,13
Approx. 75.0 1)
10
5,46
Approx. 75.0 1)
11
5,0
Approx. 75.0 1)
12
4,55
Approx. 75.0 1)
13
4,21
Approx. 73.9 2)
14
3,90
Approx. 71.2 2)
15
2,72
Approx. 59.5 2)
1)
The voltage is limited by the power capacity of the individual circuit elements
2)
The voltage is limited by the maximum power (1300 mW)
When switching the load levels, the power limitations of the components within the ARGUS
and the maximum permissible power (1300 mW) of the U-interface must be taken into
consideration.
Therefore, the ARGUS will only permit the load to be switched another increment when the
specified voltage will not be exceeded.
16.3 Level measuring on a POTS access
The ARGUS measures the voltage level in both the normal case and when the line is
“busy” (trunk line).
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS will display the polarity of the 2-wire
POTS line (red plug "a"; black plug "b") as well as the
"on hook" and "off hook" voltage levels.
<NEW>
ARGUS 145
To repeat the measurement
175
16 Level measuring
16.4 Level measuring on an ADSL access
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Start measurement
The ARGUS will display the polarity of the 2-wire
POTS line (red plug "a"; black plug "b") and the
voltage level.
The measurement will be updated continuously.
176
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17 The L1 Status of a BRI Access
17 The L1 Status of a BRI Access
The ARGUS displays the current status of Layer 1: which signal is received from the
remote end and which signal the ARGUS sends.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
The ARGUS displays the status of Layer 1 or of the
signal, which is currently being sent (Info 0 .... Info 4).
<NEW>
ARGUS 145
to set up Layer 1 (if necessary).
177
18 Configuration
18 Configuration
The ARGUS can be configured to suit your special requirements. The default (factory)
settings can be restored by selecting “Reset” (see page 212 Reset).
18.1 PC/Trace
The ARGUS remains active and passes the data from the D-channel (all of the D-channel
messages sent to and received from the network) online directly to the connected PC. The
Remote function is optional.
The ARGUS in its Main menu
Select Trace mode
Confirm the entry
Auto PC sync.: Even after it is switched on again, the
ARGUS remains in Trace mode and passes D-channel
data to the PC (“PC/Trace” LED on continuously).
Manual PC sync.:
the ARGUS is set to Trace mode and will pass Dchannel data to the PC until it is switched off. When it is
switched on again, it will not return to Trace mode.
If the ARGUS cannot send the data to the PC without
errors, the “PC/Trace” LED will flash at 5Hz (5 times
per sec).
The “active” settings will be marked in the display with
a
178
.
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
18.2 Configuring Profiles
The ARGUS stores all of the parameters for the various ADSL/SHDSL test varieties in the
profiles. Up to 10 user-defined profiles can be created. A profile must be selected before an
ADSL/SHDSL test is run.
Only those parameters which are relevant for the respective test situation will actually be
used.
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18 Configuration
ARGUS in the Main menu
The ARGUS will use the parameters in the current profile
when setting up the DSL connection. The currently active
profile is indicated by the
Activating a profile
Select the profile
<EDIT >
The ARGUS will load the selected profile - the
one indicated by the and activate it.
<EDIT
>
Enter edit mode to configure the profile
Use the cursor keys to select the parameter
(e.g. line parameters).
Use the cursor keys to select the parameter (e.g. ADSL).
Display the ADSL parameters
Use the cursor keys to select ADSL mode for example.
Use the cursor keys to select Annex A auto for example.
The ARGUS saves the ADSL
mode in the profile and returns
to the next higher menu.
180
The ARGUS will return to the next higher
menu without saving any change made to
the parameter (e.g. ADSL mode).
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
Parameters in the profiles:
Parameter
Comment
Line parameters
ADSL
This category is comprised of the following
ADSL line parameters:
ADSL mode
Different ADSL modes can be selected depending on the national
variant of the ARGUS. The selected ADSL mode must be
compatible to ATU-C (network-side).
If the ADSL mode “Annex A(B) Auto” is selected, the ARGUS will
automatically determine the configuration of the DSLAM ( G.DMT or
ANSI) and set itself accordingly.
Rated value
Use the keypad to enter the upstream und downstream comparison
value for ATM [kb/s].
Shutdown mode
The type of disconnect used for the ADSL connection.
SHDSL
This category is comprised of the following
SHDSL line parameters:
Spectrum
Annex A, Annex F: American SHDSL standard
Annex B, Annex G: European SHDSL standard
Clock/framing
Setting the clock:
automatically, synchronous or plesiochronous
Channel
selection (TDM)
(optional )
Use the keypad to select the B and Z-channels. Up to 36 B-channels
and up to 7 Z-channels can be selected.
If an * is entered for the B and Z-channels, the ARGUS will
automatically determine the channel assignment.
Maximum selections:
Minimum selections:
36 B-channels and
3 B-channels
1 Z-channel
0 Z-channels
35 B-channels and
7 Z-channels
Data rate (ATM)
ARGUS 145
Setting the data rate in kbit/s
181
18 Configuration
Power back off
Reducing the transmit power of the remote end.
The default value is 0dB, i.e. the maximum transmit power.
The power can be reduced by a maximum of 30 dB.
EOC usage
Using the EOC (Embedded Operations Channel) it is possible to
transmit additional protocol commands.
off:
No display of the remote end's performance
parameter.
on (passive):
No display of the remote end's parameter (except
for Alcatel). Alcatel)
on (active):
Display the performance parameters of the local
(own) and remote ends, if the remote end supports
the own query (Default).
EOC mode
Sync word
Setting the EOC mode
The sync word is used to identify the SHDSL frame (cf. G.991.2
Chapter PMS-TC layer functional characteristics).
Enter the sync word in hexadecimal from the keypad and the
softkeys <A . . . F > (e.g. to enter a “C” press the softkey three times
or to enter an “F” six times, then finish up by pressing <OK> to
confirm your entry).
To use the sync word
Message Mode
Selection of the message mode The message mode determines the
initiation of the handshake on the part of the STU-R or the reaction
on the part of the STU-C (vgl. G.994.1 Chapter: transactions, entry
in die Capability List)
Vendor Info
Field
Entry in the vendor info field
Wire pair
Settings – Manual or Auto.
If you select Manual, the ARGUS will, in the case of SHDSL 2-wire,
choose the first wire pair in the list; in the case of SHDSL 4-wire, it
will take the two pairs given in the first two entries in the list etc.
The order of the wire pairs in the list can be changed: Use the down
arrow softkey on the left to move the marked wire pair down one line;
with the softkey on the right, the marked entry can be moved up one
line.
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18 Configuration
Protocol:
This setting is used to define which protocol should be used by the
ARGUS in the ADSL test.
PPP:
PPP parameter for the Internet connection
User name
Entry of the user name assigned (by the network operator)
Use the keypad to enter the user name. When the right
softkey is pressed it assumes a different meaning and
thus influences the entries made from the keypad (letters
or digits):
< 12>ab >
entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB >
entry of the lowercase characters and @, /,- and .
(e.g. to enter a “c” press the “2” on the keypad three
times)
< AB>12 >
entry of the uppercase characters and @, /,- and .
to move the cursor right or left.
<DEL>
Delete the character before the cursor
Save the user name
Do not save the user name
Password
Entry of the password assigned by the network operator:
For instructions, see User name
to save the password.
Do not save the password
Set the WAN IP
If “Yes”, the IP address entered as WAN / own IP address (see Page
185) will be used for the connection.
Activation delay After setting up the PPP connection, the ARGUS will first wait until
the period specified in the “activation delay” has elapsed before
beginning a test.
PPTP:
PPTP parameter
Server address
Use the keypad to enter the Server IP address.
to move the cursor right or left.
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<DEL>
Delete the character before the cursor
VPI / VCI
The identifier of the virtual channel in the ATM cells
ATM:
Default VC
or
Multicast VC
- Virtual Path (Channel) Identifier
Encapsulation This sets the encapsulation of the packets to be
sent (LLC or VC-MUX).
It is possible to use different VPI / VCI combinations at the same
time, if you use multiple Multicast VCs (set Use VC = “Yes”)
Auto ATM
Setting: on or off
If you select “on”, the ATM cells will be looped.
LAN:
IP mode
Setting the IP addresses
Static IP:
fixed IP addresses
DHCP-Client:
Assigned by the server (remote end)
DHCP-Server: Assigned by the ARGUS
DHCP-Auto:
The ARGUS will check whether there is a DHCP
server in the network. If yes, the address will be
assigned by this server. Otherwise, the ARGUS will
assign the address.
Own
IP address
This is the IP address (of the ARGUS) on the LAN side
IP netmask
LAN IP netmask
Gateway IP
address
Gateway IP address in the LAN network
DHCP server
Settings for the DHCP server:
- Start and End IP addresses
- The period for which the IP addresses are reserved
- Domain Name
DHCP timeout
This sets the amount of time that a client should wait for an IP
address (relevant for the IP mode DHCP client)
MAC address
184
This displays the LAN MAC address of the ARGUS.
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18 Configuration
VLAN
(Virtual Local
Area Network)
Use
Specify whether or not VLAN should be used:
VLAN:
yes or no
ID:
Identifies the VLAN to which the frame belongs.
Every VLAN is assigned a unique number, the
VLAN ID. A device, which belongs to the VLAN with
the ID=1, can communicate with every other device
in the same VLAN, but not with a device in a
different VLAN (one with an ID other than 1, i.e. 2, 3,
etc.).
Priority:
User name - priority information
An eight-level (3 bits) priority can be assigned to
each frame.
In this manner, it is possible e.g. to give priority to
forwarding voice data (e.g. in the case of VoIP),
while delaying HTTP data.
WAN:
IP mode
This is used to set the assignment of IP addresses.
Own
IP address
This is the IP address (of the ARGUS) on the WAN side
IP netmask
WAN IP netmask
Remote
IP address
Gateway IP address in the WAN network
DHCP timeout
This sets the amount of time that a client should wait for an IP
address (relevant for the IP mode DHCP client)
MAC address
Display and editing of the WAN MAC address
<EDIT >
open the WAN MAC address for entry.
Enter the address in hexadecimal from the keypad
and the softkeys <A . . . F > (e.g. to enter a “C”
press the softkey three times or to enter an “F” six
times, then finish up by pressing <OK> to confirm
your entry).
to use the address.
The new address is only saved temporarily and will
not be available when the ARGUS is switched on
again.
VLAN
ARGUS 145
see VLAN under LAN Page 185
185
18 Configuration
Bonding:
For SHDSL 8-wire only, bundling of wire pairs:
Selection Auto, IMA 1.0 (Inverse Multiplexing over ATM), IMA 1.1
Router:
NAT (Network Address Translation) on or off
The Router’s NAT service automatically and transparently replaces
the address information (e.g. the IP addresses of the LAN network)
with other address information (e.g. the IP addresses of the WAN
network)
DNS server:
DNS Server 1
Entry of the IP address of the DNS server
(DNS = Domain Name System)
DNS Server 2
Entry of the IP address of the DNS server
Data Log
Data Log ON or OFF
DHCP Vendor ID:
Format
Selection of the format - ASCII or hexadecimal
ASCII data
Enter the DHCP Vendor ID in ASCII format
Hex data
Enter the DHCP Vendor ID in hexadecimal format
For more information, see Page 183
DHCP Vendor Info:
Format
Selection of the format - ASCII or hexadecimal
ASCII data
Enter the DHCP Vendor Info in ASCII format
Hex data
Enter the DHCP Vendor Info in hexadecimal format
For more information, see Page 183
DHCP User Class I. (I. = Information):
Format
Selection of the format - ASCII or hexadecimal
ASCII data
Enter the DHCP User Class I. in ASCII format
Hex data
Enter the DHCP User Class I. in hexadecimal format
For more information, see Page 183
DHCP Userdef.Option:
Number
Format
Selection of the format - ASCII or hexadecimal
ASCII data
Enter the DHCP Userdef. Option in ASCII format
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Hex data
Enter the DHCP Userdef. Option in hexadecimal format
For more information, see Page 183
Test parameters
IP ping:
IP address
This is the address of the remote site.
The ARGUS can save up to 10 IP addresses. The saved IP
addresses are available to all of the profiles.
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The ARGUS is displaying the memory location
holding the first IP address of a maximum of 10 IP
addresses (1/10).
Press the cursor keys to scroll to the next IP
address.
Open the marked IP address to edit it.
The address can be entered as an IP address
(number) and/or name.
Enter the name of the
IP address.
Enter the name of the IP address.
Using the numeric keys to start a function: Use the
softkey on the right to shift the keypad (the softkey
on the right assumes a different meaning when
pressed):
<12>ab>
entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB >
Entry of lowercase characters (e.g.
to enter a “c” press the “2” on the
keypad three times), @, /, -, .
< AB>12 >
entry of the uppercase characters
and @, /,- and .
<DEL>
Delete the character before the
cursor
Set the marked IP-address as the
default address
When entering the IP address as a number:
to move the cursor right or left.
<DEL>
Number of pings
Delete the character before the
cursor
Enter the number of test packets (1 to 10) that the ARGUS should
send to the IP address. If you enter "0", the ARGUS will send
packets continuously until the test is stopped manually.
Pause
This setting determines the amount of time that the ARGUS will wait
between sending test packets.
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Packet size
This setting determines the size of the test packets.
By varying the size, it is possible to determine the maximum data
packet size and the relationship between size and response time.
Fragmentation
This parameter sets the fragmentation:
on
Depending on the network (or router), test packets
may be divided into multiple packets.
off
Fragmentation is not permitted, i.e. the test packets
may be rejected by the network (or router). In this
case, the ARGUS will not receive a packet in reply.
auto
The ARGUS determines the maximum packet size
for the path to the destination address (Path-MTU)
and splits the test packet into smaller packets.
These can then be sent with the minimum of delay
(since the network/router need not fragment the test
packet).
Traceroute:
IP address
IP address of the destination node: This can be entered as an IP
number or as a name (for instructions, see IP Ping/ IP address).
maximum hops
This sets the maximum number of hops that will be taken in the path
to the destination node.
Probes
This sets the number of attempts that will be made to get a response
from a network node.
Timeout
This sets the maximum amount of time that the ARGUS will wait for
a response from a network node.
HTTP download:
A total of up to 10 user-defined server profiles can be created. These
server profiles will then be used for the HTTP download, FTP
download and the FTP upload tests. The profiles hold all of the
parameters required for the HTTP download, FTP download and the
FTP upload.
Server
Entry of the server address
This is the server address used as destination address when the
ARGUS uploads the file.
For information on the softkeys, see Page 183
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Download
Filename
The name of the file that the ARGUS should retrieve in the download
test (HTTP download or FTP download).
(When entering a www address alias, please seePage 66) )
For information on the softkeys, see Page 183
Upload
Filename
The filename under which the data – sent in the FTP upload test –
Upload
File size
Sets the size of the file that the ARGUS will send in the FTP upload
User name
Entry of the user name for the (FTP / HTTP) server
should be saved on the server.
test
For more information, see Page 183
Password
Entry of the password for the (FTP / HTTP) server.
For more information, see Page 183
Qty
This sets how often the ARGUS will retrieve the data from the
“source” address in the download test.
In the case of the upload test, this is number of times that the
ARGUS will send the data to the destination.
Profile name
Entry of a name for the profile
FTP download:
FTP upload:
A total of up to 10 user-defined server profiles can be created. These
server profiles will then be used for the HTTP download, FTP
download and the FTP upload tests. The profiles hold all of the
parameters required for the HTTP download, FTP download and the
FTP upload. For information about the parameters, please see
“HTTP download”.
VPI/VCI scan:
VPI
This sets the VPI range, which the ARGUS should check with the
VPI/VCI scan test.
VCI
This sets the VCI range, which the ARGUS should check with the
VPI/VCI scan test.
Number of pings
This sets the number of test packets that the ARGUS will send (a
number between 1 and 99).
Timeout
This sets the maximum amount of time that the ARGUS will wait for
a response from an ATM network node to a test packet (ping) which
it sent.
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ATM OAM ping:
VPI / VCI
Entry of the VPI and VCI
Number of pings
This sets the number of test packets that the ARGUS will send.
If you enter "0", the ARGUS will send packets continuously until the
ATM Ping test is stopped manually.
Timeout
This sets the maximum amount of time that the ARGUS will wait for
a response from an ATM network node to a test packet (ping) which
it sent.
OAM cell type
F5 loopback seg (segmented)
F5 loopback ete (end-to-end)
ATM BERT:
Duration
You can use the keypad to enter measurement times ranging from 1
minute (default setting) to 99 hours and 59 minutes (= 99:59).
If the time is set to 00:00 (=BERT with unlimited measurement
time), the BERT will not stop automatically. In this case, the
user must terminate the BERT (by pressing the
VPI / VCI
).
The identifier of the virtual channel in the ATM cells - Virtual Path
(Channel) Identifier
Bit pattern
This setting determines the bit pattern that the ARGUS will
repeatedly send in an ATM BERT.
There are several predefined bit patterns available.
Additionally, you can enter a 16 bit long pattern of your choice in
binary (see Page 202).
Error level
This is the level used to evaluate whether the BERT had an
"acceptable" bit error rate.
If the BERT has a bit error rate, which exceeds this error level, the
ARGUS will display a "NO" as the test result.
Using the keypad, this parameter can be set to any value from 01 (=
10-01) to 99 ( = 10-99). The default threshold is 10-06 . That means
that, in the event that the bit error rate is less than 10-06 (one error in
106= 1,000,000 sent bits), the bit error rate test will be evaluated as
OK.
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18 Configuration
HRX value
Set the HRX value (hypothetical reference connection see ITU-T
G.821)
Using the keypad, you can enter a value ranging from 0 to 100 %.
Data rate
Sets the data rate
To achieve meaningful results, the data rate must be the same as
that set in the DSLAM.
Default setting: 32 kbit/s
IPTV:
Up to 3 IPTV profiles can be created.
<EDIT >
The selected profile will be opened for editing.
Type of stream
Select the type of stream.
Server address
Entry of the server address; this is only necessary for VoD (Video on
Demand) and UDP-SSM.
Multicast IP
Entry of one’s own multicast IP address (for broadcast TV only)
Port
Entry of the port
Filename
Name of the video, which should be downloaded
(only for VoD (Video on Demand))
IGMP Version
Version of the IGMP protocol (for broadcast TV only)
RTSP type
Type of control protocol (only for VoD)
Jitter buffer
Size of the jitter buffer
Limit values
These are used to set the limit values for PCR jitter, latency and
continuity errors.
If these values are exceeded during the IPTV test, the test will be
said to have failed.
Profile name
Entry of a name for the IPTV profile
IPTV Scan:
Up to 3 Scan profiles can be created.
<EDIT >
Channel
selection:
192
The selected profile will be opened for editing.
Selection of the test channels for the IPTV Scan:
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18 Configuration
Selection of the TV channels for the IPTV Scan:
The ARGUS will first show the selected TV
channels, which should be tested using the IPTV
Scan (in the example just TV channel IPTV 1 up to a
maximum of 10 TV channels)
Open the list of available channels.
Select a channel.
IPTV channel 1 is not shown in the
list of channels, since it was already
selected as a channel see Channel
selection display.
< EDIT
>:
Open selected channel for editing.
Select a Multicast IP, port or alias
name
- Enter the address (multicast IP
and port number) of the TV channel
- Enter any alias name desired for
the TV channel: for information on
the softkeys, see Page 187
Select the channel that should be
added to the channel selection list
as a TV channel (see above).
Add TV channel (in the example: IPTV channel 2).
Shift key
used
Left
Softkey
The marked channel will be moved
down one place in the list.
Right
Softkey
The marked channel will be moved
up one place in the list.
<INSERT>
A list of the still available channels
will open.
Switch between softkey sets
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18 Configuration
<DEL>
Delete the marked channel from the
list.
Use the channel selection.
IGMP Version
Entry of the IGMP protocol version
Max.
Switchover time
Enter the switchover (zapping) time:
This is the period of time during the test within which the ARGUS
must have received the data of the (next) TV channel. If the ARGUS
does not receive the data of the TV channel within this period of
time, it will consider the test to have failed and will accordingly
display “FAIL”.
Minimum: 1 sec. 25 sec.
Profile name
Entry of a name for the Scan profile
MDI analysis:
Mode
Select either Automatic or Manual:
Manual: The address of the TV channel, whose data stream should
be analysed, must be entered under Multicast IP and Port. The time
span within which the ARGUS will attempt to receive a data stream
is unlimited.
Automatic: The ARGUS will search for the data stream with the
highest data rate of one of the TV channels available. You must
enter the time span within which the ARGUS will attempt to receive a
data stream under Scan time.
Scan time
The time span within which the ARGUS will attempt to receive a data
stream.
Multicast IP
The multicast IP of the TV channel whose data stream should be
analyzed.
Port
The port number of the TV channel whose data stream should be
analyzed.
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Use IP
Header
Specify whether the IP Header should be used: yes or no.
It is not possible to determine the packet loss (Media Loss Rate) of a
data stream, which does not have a RTP header (UDP based only).
In this case, it is possible to use the IP header to enable the ARGUS
to determine the packet loss, if its ID field has been suitably
maintained.
If Use IP Header has been set to “on”, but the ID
field of the IP header has not been maintained, the
ARGUS cannot correctly determine the packet loss
(Media Loss Rate).
MDI Limit Values Entry of the limit values for the Delay Factor (DF), the Media Loss
Rate (MLR) and the packet loss in percent (PLR – Packet Loss
Ratio). If one of these values is exceeded while running a MDI
analysis, the ARGUS will consider the test to have failed and will
accordingly display “FAIL”.
To run an analysis in accordance with RFC 4445, the limit value for
PLR must be switched off (enter PLR = 100.0 %).
VoIP:
Up to 3 VoIP profiles can be created.
<EDIT >
Destination
The selected profile will be opened for editing.
A maximum of 10 VoIP destinations may be entered as call numbers
or as SIP-URI.
For information on the softkeys, see Page 183
SIP
Use
Setting: yes or no.
Registrar
If an Internet Telephony Service Provider (ITSP) is
used (you have dialed a normal telephone number),
a registrar must be used. A registrar is not needed if
you dial a VoIP telephone directly, e.g. via its IP
address or the SIP-URI.
Registrar
Entry of the registrar or proxy server address
Server
Use Proxy
This setting specifies whether or not to use
Outbound Proxy.
Outbound
Address of the Outbound Proxy
Proxy
User Agent
ARGUS 145
ID-string or terminal name
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18 Configuration
SIP Domain
When using an Internet Telephony Service Provider
(ITSP), you can enter its domain name here, e.g.
sip.voipprovider.de
Listen Port
The port used for the SIP signaling
Use
Setting: yes or no.
STUN
If you do not connect to the Internet directly via the
ADSL line but rather via a router, you will need
STUN to determine the router’s WAN IP address
that is visible to the outside world.
STUN Server
This is the domain name of the STUN server with
which it is possible to determine the WAN IP
address of your router, e.g. stun.voipprovider.de
Authentication of additional user name
Caller ID
Here you can enter any text which you want to be
displayed instead of your caller’s phone number
when he or she calls.
For information on the softkeys, see Page 183
Type of
Entry of the Type of Service. The Type of Service is
Service
used to prioritorize the handling of VoIP data in the
Internet (thus voice data is transferred faster).
For information on the softkeys, see Page 182
Qualify
Specifies whether or not the Proxy Server’s
availability should be checked continuously.
Expiry
Specifies how long a registration with the Registrar
Server is valid.
Protocol
The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) as the signaling protocol for
VoIP.
User name
User name for the registrar
For information on the softkeys, see Page 183
Password
The password to use with the registrar.
For information on the softkeys, see Page 183
Call acceptance
Selection of the type of call acceptance
If “Echo Test” is selected, incoming calls will be accepted
automatically and the speech data will then be looped back.
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If this is set to “ON”, the ARGUS will not send speech packets when
Silence
detection
there is silence (a break in the speech). This can, however, lead to
problems with the assignment of ports if there is a NAT router in the
path.
Jitter buffer
Jitter
size
Sets whether the size of the jitter buffer is fixed or dynamic.
buffer The size of the jitter buffer
Codec
Preparation of a list of voice codes to be used.
If there are multiple codecs in the list, the priority is determined by
the order in the list.
Switch between softkey sets
Left
Softkey
The marked codec will be moved down one place in
Right
Softkey
The marked codec will be moved up one place in
<INSERT>
A display of the still available voice codecs will
the list.
the list.
open. If a voice codec is marked with a
in this
list (Codec Selection list), it will be added to the
Codec Priority list (in the active list of voice codecs)
<DEL>
Delete the marked codec from the list
Accept the list
Profile name
Enter or change the name of the edited VoIP profile
Profile name
Enter or change the name of the edited profile
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18 Configuration
18.3 Settings: ISDN
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
The ARGUS - Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select, e.g. . Protocol .
Use the cursor keys to select the setting for the protocol
(e.g. Automatic).
The ARGUS will open the ISDN menu
without making any changes to the
parameters.
The ARGUS saves the
setting and returns to the
next higher menu.
Settings in ISDN:
Parameter
Comment
L1 permanent?
On a BRI connection in NT mode, Layer 1 (L1) is permanently active.
Protocol
Instead
of
using
the
automatic
protocol detection
(setting:
Automatic), you can also set the Layer-3 D-channel protocol
manually.
This setting will be stored permanently and will also active when the
tester is switched on again.
Alerting mode
You can specify whether, for an incoming call on a BRI point- topoint access, the ARGUS should only display the access number
without extension or the complete number with extension.
If it is set to “Manual”, the ARGUS will display the extension (An
incoming call will be signaled. The ARGUS will send the Layer 3
message “Alert” when it accepts the call. The digits of the extension
that have been sent by this point will be displayed).
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18 Configuration
When using the “Manual” setting, an incoming call must be
answered within 20 seconds or it will be lost. Furthermore,
you should note that the remote subscriber will not hear a
ringing tone.
If you select Automatic, the ARGUS will only display the
access number without extension or, depending on the
configuration of the access in the exchange, it may not
display the number called at all.
Clock mode
This parameter sets where the clock will be generated in the case of
a BRI access.
You can either specify that the ARGUS generates the clock (is
Master) or that it is the slave of a clock generated at the other end
(Slave).
Defaults
NT mode: Master
TE mode / Leased line: Slave
This setting is not saved and will be lost when the ARGUS is
switched off and then back on again.
BRI
termination
Independent of the operation mode (TE or NT), a terminating resistor
can be switched-in on the BRI access.
This setting will not be saved.
Default setting:
NT mode: Terminating resistor switched-in
TE mode / Leased line: no terminating resistor is switched in
Call parameter
Two different parameters can be set for (ISDN) calls generated on
both the network-side (ARGUS in NT mode) and on the user-side
(ARGUS in TE mode):
1. Type of number (TON) for the CGN (=CGPN) or CDN (=CDPN)
element of a SETUP signal
Network-side:
User-side:
Net CGN TON
Net CDN TON
User CGN TON
User CDN TON
2. Numbering Plan (NP) for the CGN (=CGPN) or CDN (=CDPN)
element of a SETUP signal
Network-side:
Net-CGN-NP
Net-CDN-NP
User-side:
ARGUS 145
User-CGN-NP
User-CDN-NP
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18 Configuration
Possible settings:
For TON: unknown, international, national, network spec.,
subscriber, abbreviated.
For NP: unknown, ISDN/telephony, data, telex, national stand.,
private
Services
Up to three user-specific services (user spec.1 to user spec.3) can
entered and saved. For each “user spec. service”, you must enter
the three info-elements BC, HLC and LLC in hexadecimal. To do so,
use the keypad and the softkey < A . . F > (e.g. to enter a "C", press
the softkey three times or for a "F", press it six times; finish up by
pressing <OK> to confirm your entry).
Using the left softkey, move to the displayed info-element (e.g. with
< ->LLC > to the display of the LLC value)
Call
Acceptance
If the ARGUS is set to “own MSN/DDI“ and is in TE mode on a P-MP
access, it will only signal those calls which are placed to the MSN
(on a P-P access, the DDI) of the access under test.
If set to "all MSN/DDI“, the ARGUS signals all calls.
Prerequisite:
- the “own” number must be entered in the call number memory
under “own number” (see “Saving Call Numbers” on page 211.)
- the incoming call must have a destination MSN
The default setting is “all MSN/DDI”.
This setting will be saved permanently.
Voice coding
There are two options for coding voice data in a B-channel:
- A-law (default)
- µ-law
This setting will not be saved.
DTMF / Keypad
DTMF or keypad setting
Dest. no. MSN
A destination number can be entered, which the ARGUS will use for
MSN interrogation.
CUG Index
Entry of the CUG Index (Default: 148)
Keypad
Entry of up to three possible Keypad Infos. The keypad infos are
saved permanently. Use the cursor keys to select one of the three
available memory locations for Keypad Infos.
<EDIT >
Select a Keypad Info entry to be edited.
Afterwards, use the keypad to enter the Keypad
Info.
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18 Configuration
Save Keypad Info
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18 Configuration
18.4 Settings: BERT
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
The ARGUS - Main menu
Use the keypad to enter the duration of the BERT.
<DEL> Delete the digit before the cursor
Enter the BERT time
The ARGUS will return to the “BERT
config.” menu without making any
changes.
The ARGUS saves the
settings and returns
to the next higher menu.
Settings for the BERT:
Shown in the
ARGUS display
Comment
BERT time
You can enter measurement times ranging from 1 minute (default
setting) to 99 hours and 59 minutes (= 99:59).
If the time is set to 00:00 (=BERT with unlimited
measurement time), the BERT will not stop automatically.
In this case, the user must terminate the BERT (by pressing
the
Bit patt. BRI/U
).
This setting determines the bit pattern that the ARGUS will
repeatedly send in a BERT.
There are several predefined bit patterns available.
(The default pattern is 215-1.)
Additionally, it is also possible to enter a 16 bit long pattern of your
choice in binary.
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to move the cursor right or left.
<DEL>
Bit pattern
SHDSL
Changes the digit before cursor (1 to 0)
The default pattern is 215-1.
Additionally, it is also possible to enter a 16 bit long pattern of your
choice in binary.
Error level
This is the level used to evaluate whether the BERT had an
"acceptable" bit error rate.
If the BERT has a bit error rate, which exceeds the error level set,
the ARGUS will display a "NO" as the test result.
Using the keypad, this parameter can be set to any value from 01
(= 10-01) to 99 ( = 10-99).
The default threshold is 10-06 . That means that, in the event that
the bit error rate is less than 10-06 (one error in 106= 1,000,000
sent bits), the bit error rate test will be evaluated as OK.
HRX value
Setting for the HRX value (hypothetical reference
connection, see the ITU-T G.821)
Using the keypad, you can enter a value ranging from 0 to 100 %.
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18 Configuration
18.5 Settings: POTS
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
ARGUS iin its Main menu
Using the cursor keys, select a setting (e.g. POTS dial
mode).
Select the dialing mode
The ARGUS saves the
settings and returns
to the next higher menu.
Use the cursor keys to select the desired dialling mode
(e.g. Pulse mode).
The ARGUS will return to the “POTS
config.” menu without making any
changes.
Settings on a POTS access:
Shown in the
display on
ARGUS
Comment
the
Dial mode
Selection of the dialling mode: DTMF or pulse dialing
CLIP mode
Select the transfer procedure used to pass the call number:
FSK:
CLIP via a procedure similar to a modem (for Germany
and some other places in Europe)
DTMF:
CLIP via DTMF (for Scandinavia and the Netherlands)
The ARGUS will automatically detect that a CLIP was
sent using DTMF with the polarity reversal and will set
itself accordingly (e.g. Netherlands).
204
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
DTMF parameter Settings for the three parameters Level, Duration and Interval of the
DTMF signals generated during POTS (analog) operation.
Level
Setting the DTMF level:
The level can range between -21dB and +12 dB.
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the level by 3dB.
Default: 0 dB
Duration
Setting the DTMF time:
The duration of the signal can take a value between 40ms and 1 second
(default: 80ms).
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the value:
DTMF interval
In the range
40 - 200 ms:
10 ms steps
In the range
200 - 300 ms:
20 ms steps
In the range
300 - 1000 ms:
100 ms steps
Setting the interval between two DTMF characters:
The interval between the characters can take a value between 40ms
and 1 second (default: 80ms).
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the value:
Defaults
In the range
40 - 200 ms:
10 ms steps
In the range
200 - 300 ms:
20 ms steps
In the range
300 - 1000 ms:
100 ms steps
Restores the default settings (Default): Level = 0 dB, Time = 80 ms,
Separation = 80 ms
FLASH time
Sets the length of a FLASH.
This setting is needed in order to use special features of a PBX.
The FLASH time can take a value between 40ms and 1s.
Use the vertical cursor keys to raise or lower the value:
ARGUS 145
In the range
40 - 200 ms:
10 ms steps
In the range
200 - 300 ms:
20 ms steps
In the range
300 - 1000 ms:
100 ms steps
205
18 Configuration
18.6 Settings: X.31 Profile (optional)
The ARGUS stores the parameters of all the various X.31 test varieties in the X.31 profiles.
Up to three user-defined X.31 profiles can be created.
The ARGUS - Main menu
Use the cursor keys to select the profile.
<EDIT >
Edit the selected profile.
Use the cursor keys to select, e.g. Packet number.
Enter the number of
packets
Using the keypad, enter the number of packets.
The ARGUS will return to the next higher
menu without making any changes.
The ARGUS saves the
setting and returns to the
next higher menu.
Shown in the
Display
on
ARGUS
Comment
the
X.31 profile:
Packet number
Number of packets sent
TEI
Entry (from the keypad) of the TEIs to be used in the X.31 test. If you
enter **, the ARGUS will automatically select a TEI (Terminal
Equipment Identifier).
LCN
206
Entry (from the keypad) of the LCN to be used in the X.31 test.
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
Packet size
The size of the data packets (Packet size)
Agree
size
Negotiate with the network side (DCE) an agreement regarding the
Packet
data packet size (Packet size).
If the desired data packet size is larger than the default, this
parameter should be set to “on”.
Window size
Window size of Layer 3
Agree window
size
Negotiate between the terminal (DTE) and the network (DCE) an
Throughput
Data throughput in bits per second
agreement regarding the window size.
Enter user data
Content of the user data:
- Format setting for the user data
- Entry of the ASCII data
There are three memory locations available.
<EDIT >
Enter user data
Save ASCII data
Use the cursor keys to select one of the three available
memory locations for the ASCII data (in this example, the
first location 1/3)
Use the keypad to enter the ASCII data. When the right
softkey is pressed it assumes a different meaning and
thus influences the entries made from the keypad (letters
or digits):
<12>ab>
entry of the digits 0 to 9 plus * and #
< ab>AB > entry of the lowercase characters and @, /,and .
(e.g. to enter a "c“ press the "2" on the
< AB>12 > keypad three times)
entry of the uppercase characters and @, /
,- and .
Move the cursor
<DEL>
Delete the character before the cursor
Do not save ASCII data.
ARGUS 145
207
18 Configuration
- Entry of the hex data:
Select one of the three available memory locations for the
hexadecimal data (in this example, the first location 1/3)
<EDIT >
Enter hex values
Save ASCII data
Edit the value
Use the keypad to enter the hex value. To enter the values
A...F, use the softkey <A..F> (e.g. to enter a C, press the
softkey <A..F> three times).
To confirm the entry of the hexadecimal characters A to F,
press <OK> (the softkey in the middle changes from
<DEL> to <OK>).
<DEL>
Delete the character before the cursor
Do not save the hexadecimal values.
CUG
Closed User Group
CUG Index
Coding for Closed User Group
D bit
Local: DCE acknowledges data packets, i.e. flow control on local
DTE-DCE path
End-to-end: DTE -DTE flow control
Facilities
Coding for various supplementary services
Profile name
Use the keypad to enter any profile name desired for the X.31
profile. The ARGUS will later display this name.
208
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
18.7 Settings: ARGUS settings
The operation is the same for all configurations and will be illustrated with a single example:
ARGUS in the Main menu
Using the cursor keys, select a setting (e.g. Menu
language).
Use the cursor keys to select desired language
(e.g. German).
Menu language
select
The ARGUS saves the
setting and returns to the
next higher menu.
The ARGUS will return to the “Device
settings” menu without making any
changes.
Settings on the ARGUS:
Shown in the
display on
ARGUS
Comment
the
Menu language
Selection of the menu language
LCD contrast
The setting of the display contrast can be changed in 16 steps. Using
the cursor keys, it is possible to increase or decrease the contrast. The
vertical arrow on the display indicates the current setting on a scale
from low to high contrast.
ARGUS 145
209
18 Configuration
Enter
time
date
/ Entry of the date and time (initialisation of the internal clock) via the
keypad.
Use the vertical cursor keys to scroll to the next line in the display.
The entered time will be continuously updated by the ARGUS’s real
time clock as long as the power is not switched off.
When the power is switched off (the ARGUS switched off without
accumulators), the clock will run a few more weeks on its internal
supply. If the backup supply is exhausted, the time will be undefined
and must be set again.
PC Interface
Select the interface to be used for connecting to the PC.
V.24 Baud rate Sets the maximum baud rate to be used by the ARGUS to
communicate with a PC via the V.24 interface.
Alarm bell
The ARGUS signals with an alarm in a variety of situations, e.g. when a
bit error occurs in a BERT. When this parameter is set to "off“, all
audible alarms are suppressed.
Power Down
- Set how long the ARGUS can remain idle before it will switch to
power down mode. If power down mode is disabled, the ARGUS will
display a message, when it is switched on, warning that this will lead to
a shorter battery life.
- Set how long the background lighting will remain before it will be
switched off.
Software
option
210
To enable a software option (e.g. additional functions), you must first
enter a software key via the keypad.
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
18.8 Saving Call Numbers
Ten call numbers with a maximum of 24-places can be entered in the speed-dialing
memory.
The first speed-dial number must be the own call number of the access under test
(this is especially important for the automatic Service check).
You can save remote call numbers in the memory locations “Remote No.1 – 8”. In the X.31
test number memory location, the ARGUS expects the entry of the X.25 access number for
the X.31 test (see Page 139).
ARGUS in the Main menu
Enter the phone number
The ARGUS saves the
Use the cursor keys to scroll through the speed-dialling
memory.
Enter the number via the keypad.
<DEL>
number and returns
to the next higher menu.
Delete the character before the cursor
The ARGUS will return to the next higher
menu without saving the number.
When entering an own call number with an extension (operation of the ARGUS on a PBX
access), observe the following:
The extension is separated from the access number by a #.
For outgoing calls, the ARGUS uses the entire call number (without #) as the number called
(CDPN or DAD) and, for the calling number (DSS1-CGPN or 1TR6-OAD), only the number
after the #, in other words the extension. A "#" at the beginning of a call number is treated
as a valid character.
Example:
02351/9970-45 is entered as 023519970#45
ARGUS 145
211
18 Configuration
If the “# “ is at the end of a number, when the number is later dialed it will be done
without CGPN or OAD. This is important for some PBXs.
18.9 Reset
The ARGUS will reset all of the parameters to their default values.
A reset deletes the speed-dialing memory with the call numbers, PPP user name,
PPP password, IP addresses, Download addresses, profile settings (VoIP, IPTV
etc.) and all of the test results saved in the ARGUS.
The following settings are possible:
Parameter
Default
PC/Trace
Off
Profile:
Line parameters
ADSL:
ADSL mode
depending on the country and type of device
Rated value
0/0
Shutdown mode
Dying gasp
SHDSL:
Spectrum
Annex B
Channel selection (TDM)
g.SHDSL
Data rate (ATM)
g.SHDSL
Power back off
0 db
EOC usage
on (passive)
Sync Word
3F 16 1F 03 3C 0C
Message Mode
GHS Mode C
Vendor Info Field
15 35
Wire pair
Manual
Protocol
PPPoE
PPP
user name and password not entered
PPTP
212
Set the WAN IP:
Activation delay:
No
2 sec.
Server IP address:
0.0.0.0 *
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
ATM
Default VC
VPI / VCI:
- Encapsulation: LLC
Auto ATM
1/32
LLC
depending on country
version
LAN
IP mode:
LAN own IP address:
IP netmask:
Gateway IP address:
DHCP server: Start address
End Address
Domain name
Reserv. time
DHCP timeout:
MAC address:
VLAN: Use LAN VLAN
DHCP Client
0 .0 .0 .0 *
255.255.255.0
0 .0 .0 .0 *
0 .0 .0 .0 *
0 .0 .0 .0 *
empty
240 hours
20 sec.
Dependent on the
device
No
WAN
IP mode:
Own IP address:
IP netmask:
Remote IP address:
DHCP timeout:
MAC address:
VLAN: Use WAN VLAN
Static IP
0 .0 .0 .0 *
255.255.255.0
0 .0 .0 .0 *
20 sec.
Dependent on the
device
No
Bonding
Auto
Router
NAT on
DNS server
DNS Server 1 and 2:
0 .0 .0 .0 *
* To run a test, an IP
address must be
entered.
Data Log
off
DHCP Vendor ID
Format:
ASCII data:
ASCII
ARGUS
DHCP Vendor Info
Format:
ASCII data:
ASCII
ARGUS
DHCP User Class I.
Format:
ASCII data:
ASCII
ARGUS
DHCP Userdef.Option
Number:
Format:
ASCII data:
255
ASCII
ARGUS
Test parameters
ARGUS 145
213
18 Configuration
IP ping
IP address:
Number of pings:
Pause:
Packet size:
Fragmentation:
www.argus.info
10
1 sec.
84 Bytes
on
Traceroute
IP address:
Maximum hops:
Probes:
Timeout:
www.argus.info
25
3
3 sec.
Server profile for
- HTTP download
- FTP download
- FTP upload
Server address:
Download filename:
Upload filename:
Upload filesize
User name:
Password:
Number:
empty
empty
file
1000000
empty
empty
3
VPI / VCI scan
VPI:
Start / End
VCI:
Start / End
Number:
Timeout:
0/8
32/48
2
0.500 sec.
ATM OAM ping
VPI / VCI:
Number of pings:
Timeout:
OAM cell type:
1/32
3
1 sec.
F5 loopback ete
ATM BERT
Duration:
VPI / VCI:
Bit pattern:
Error level:
HRX value:
Data rate:
1 min
1/32
Type of stream:
Server address:
Multicast IP:
Port:
UDP-UNICAST
empty
empty
0
Filename:
IGMP version:
RTSP type:
Jitter buffer:
Limit values:
empty
2
TCP
300 ms
PCR jitter: 8 ms
Latency:
500 ms
Continuity Error: 0,1 %
IPTV
214
2 11-1
1E-06
30 %
32 kbit/s
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
VoIP
Goal:
SIP: Use Registrar
Registrar server
Use OutboundProxy
Outbound Proxy
User agent
SIP domain
Listen port
Use STUN
STUN server
Authentication
Caller ID
Type of Service
Qualify
Expiry
Protocol:
VoIP user name:
Password:
Call acceptance:
Silence detection:
Jitter buffer:
Jitterbuff.size: min/max
Codec
empty
no
empty
no
empty
ARGUS
empty
5060
no
empty
empty
empty
18
no
3600 sec.
SIP
empty
empty
manual
off
static
50/50
G.711 Alaw
ISDN:
L1 permanent?
No
Protocol
Automatic
Alerting mode
Automatic
Clock mode
Slave
Call parameter
depending on country version
Services
empty
Call acceptance
all MSN/DDI
Voice coding
A-Law
DTMF / Keypad
DTMF
CUG Index
148
Keypad
empty
BERT:
BERT time
00:01 (1 minute)
Bit patt. BRI/U
211-1
Error level
10-06
HRX value
15%
ARGUS 145
215
18 Configuration
POTS:
POTS dialing mode
DTMF
POTS CLIP
FSK
DTMF parameter
Level
Duration
DTMF interval
FLASH time
80 ms
- 3 dB
80 ms
80 ms
X.31:
Packet number
10
TEI
Automatic
LCN
1
Packet size
128 Bytes
Agree Packet size
No
Window size
2 Packets
Agree Window size
No
Throughput
1200 bit/s
Agree Throughput
No
Enter user data
Format: ASCII
CUG
No
CUG Index
1
D bit
Local
Facilities
empty
Device:
Menu language
depending on country version
LCD contrast
Average value
PC Interface
USB
V.24 Baud rate
57,600 Baud
Handset
Internal
Alarm bell
Off
Power Down
Switch off automatically
216
ARGUS 145
18 Configuration
ARGUS in the Main menu
Reset
all parameters?
Security query
Reset ARGUS to its default values
<YES>
The ARGUS will return to the
to the next higher menu.
Alternative: Then press one after the other the keys
and
. The ARGUS will first
prompt you to confirm that you really want to do this (see above).
ARGUS 145
217
19 Accu Servicing
19 Accu Servicing
Replacing the accumulators
Switch the ARGUS off and disconnect the plug-in power supply. Afterwards replace the
complete set of accumulators.
Accumulators - Usage
The accumulators used to run the ARGUS must have the same capacity and be
charged to the same level. To ensure that this achieved, you must observe the
following rules:
-
The supplied accumulators must be charged and discharged in the ARGUS only.
-
Do not use the supplied accumulators in other devices.
-
Do not replace individual accumulators. Order a complete new set of accumulators
from the manufacturer and replace the whole set.
-
Discharge and recharge the accumulators fully at least once a month (even if the
ARGUS is not used for a longer period of time).
Automatic recharging of the accumulators when the ARGUS is switched on
The ARGUS automatically recharges the accumulators (also shortened to “accus”), if the
ARGUS is connected to the plug-in power supply and is switched off and the accumulator
voltage is too low (only use the supplied accumulators). While charging, the ARGUS
displays the message “Charge accu”.
If you press and hold the power switch, the ARGUS will switch off before the accumulators
are recharged. Otherwise, the ARGUS will switch itself off automatically as soon as the
accumulators are recharged.
Accu servicing
The ARGUS will display the current charge of the accumulators graphically, if no power
supply is connected. In the LCD display, a battery symbol will begin to blink, when there is
still approximately (depending on the mode of operation) 5 minutes reserve. During this
period, it is possible that there may be audible interference and in rare cases even
malfunctions. Connect the power supply.
When the power supply is connected, the accumulators in the ARGUS can be completely
discharged or immediately (without being first discharged) recharged. The discharge
procedure takes up to 7 hours. The ARGUS will automatically begin recharging the
accumulators after a break of about 30 minutes (depending on the capacity of the
accumulators, it can take up to 7 hours to recharge them).
218
ARGUS 145
19 Accu Servicing
ARGUS iin its Main menu
Start charging the accumulators
(the plug-in power supply must be connected)
Charge accus
U: 4.03V
Discharge accu
U: 3.87V
ARGUS 145
The ARGUS will display the level of charge and the
voltage while charging the accumulators.
Discharging and recharging the accumulators
The accumulators will first be fully discharged and then after a brief pause - automatically recharged.
219
20 Firmware Update
20 Firmware Update
You can download a firmware update from www.argus.info free-of-charge and save it on
your PC to later transfer to your ARGUS tester.
Open the Internet site www.argus.info :
Click on “Service”.
Click on ARGUS 145 and
follow the instructions.
220
You can download a
PDF file with
comprehensive
instructions for the
firmware update to
read at your leisure.
ARGUS 145
20 Firmware Update
Important information regarding the ARGUS Firmware Update:
Do not, under any circumstances, start to update the firmware if the ARGUS
is running on its batteries (accumulators).
First connect your ARGUS to the plug-in power supply, before you send the
firmware update file from your PC to the ARGUS.
Do not disconnect the ARGUS from the PC while performing an update.
Do not switch the ARGUS off while an update is being performed.
You must also observe the messages on the ARGUS display – not just the
instructions displayed by the Update Tool on the PC.
The update has not been successfully completed until the Update Tool displays a
corresponding message on the PC and the ARGUS – after being automatically restarted by
the Update Tool – shows the normal startup screen.
ARGUS 145
221
20 Firmware Update
222
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
6 Appendix
A) ADSL Acronyms
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
ANT
ADSL Network Termination Unit
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (network-side transmission protocol)
ATU-C
ADSL Transceiver Unit - Central Office (network-side/DSLAM)
ATU-R
ADSL Transceiver Unit - Remote (ADSL modem)
BER
Bit Error Rate
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check (checksum)
CTRL-E
Control External
DMT
Discrete Multi-Tone
DRA
Dynamic Rate Adaptation
EOC
Embedded Operations Channel
ES
Errored Seconds
FEC
Forward Error Correction
HEC
Header Error Control
LOCD
Loss of Cell Delineation
LOF
Loss of Frame
LOP
Loss of Power
LOS
Loss of Signal
LT
Line Termination
ME
ADSL Management Entity
MIB
Management Interface Base
NIC
Network Interface Card (network adapter card)
NT
Network Termination (network-side)
OAM
Operations, Administration and Maintenance
OBC
On Board Controller
POTS
Plain Old Telephone Service (Analog)
PSD
Power Spectral Density
QOS
Quality of service
RA
Rate Adaptation
SAR
Segmentation and Reassembly Unit
SER
Severely Errored Seconds
SNR
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
ARGUS 145
27
6 Appendix
B) Vendor identification numbers
0000
not allocated
0001
not allocated
0002
Westell, Inc.
0003
ECI Telecom
0004
Texas Instruments
0005
Intel
0006
Amati Communcations Corp.
0007
General Data Communications, Inc.
0008
Level One Communications
0009
Crystal Semiconductor
000A
Lucent Technologies
000B
Aware, Inc.
000C
Brooktree
000D
NEC
000E
Samsung
000F
Northern Telecom, Inc.
0010
PairGain Technologies
0011
Paradyne
0012
Adtran
0013
INC
0014
ADC Telecommunications
0015
Motorola
0016
IBM Corp.
0017
Newbridge Network Corp.
0018
DSC
0019
Teltrend
001A
Exar Corp.
001B
Siemens Telecom Networks
001C
Analog Devices
001D
Nokia
001E
Ericsson Information Systems
001F
Tellabs Operations, Inc.
0020
Orckit Communications, Inc.
0021
AWA
0022
Alcatel Network Systems, Inc.
0023
National Semiconductor Corp.
0024
Italtel
28
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
0025
SAT - Société Anonyme de Télécommunications
0026
Fujitsu Network Trans. Systems
0027
MITEL
0028
Conklin Corp.
0029
Diamond Lane
002A
Cabletron Systems, Inc.
002B
Davicom Semiconductor, Inc.
002C
Metalink
002D
Pulsecom
002E
US Robotics
002F
AG Communications Systems
0030
Rockwell
0031
Harris
0032
Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc.
0033
Co-optic
0034
Netspeed, Inc.
0035
3-Com
0036
Copper Mountain, Inc
0037
Silicon Automation Systems, Ltd
0038
Ascom
0039
Globespan Semiconductor, Inc.
003A
STMicroelectronics
003B
Coppercom
003C
Compaq Computer Corp.
003D
Integrated Technology Express
003E
Bay Networks, Inc.
003F
Next Level Communications
0040
Multi-Tech Systems, Inc.
0041
AMD
0042
Sumitomo Electric
0043
Philips M&N Systems
0044
Efficient Networks, Inc.
0045
Interspeed
0046
Cisco Systems
0047
Tollgrade Communications, Inc.
0048
Cayman Systems
0049
FlowPoint Corp.
004A
I.C.COM
ARGUS 145
29
6 Appendix
004B
Matsushita
004C
Siemens Semiconductor
004D
Digital Link
004E
Digitel
004F
Alcatel Microelectronics
0050
Centillium Corp.
0051
Applied Digital Access, Inc.
0052
Smart Link, Ltd.
30
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
C) CAUSE-Messages – DSS1 Protocol
Dec. Cause
Description
01
Unallocated (unassigned) number
No access under this call number
02
No route to specified transit network
Transit network not reachable
03
No route to destination
Wrong route or routing error
06
Channel unacceptable
B-channel for the sending system not acceptable
07
Call awarded and being delivered in an
established channel
Call awarded and connected in an already existing channel (e.g., X.25
SVC)
16
Normal call clearing
Normal disconnect
17
User busy
The number called is busy
18
No user responding
No terminal equipment answered (Timer NT303 / NT310 time-out)
19
No answer from user (user alerted)
Call time too long
21
Call rejected
Call rejected (active)
22
Number changed
Call number has been changed
26
Non-selected user clearing
Incoming call not awarded to this terminal
27
Destination out of order
Destination / access
out of order
28
Invalid number format (address
incomplete)
Wrong call number format or call number incomplete
29
Facility rejected
The facility is not offered
30
Response to STATUS ENQUIRY
Response to status enquiry
31
Normal, unspecified
Unspecified for
"normal class" (Dummy)
34
No circuit / channel
available
No circuit / B-channel available
38
Network out of order
Network not operational
41
Temporary failure
Network is temporarily not
operational
42
Switching equipment
congestion
Switching equipment is overloaded
43
Access information
discarded
Access information could not be transferred
44
Requested circuit / channel not available
Requested circuit / B-channel is not available
47
Resources unavailable, unspecified
Unspecified for “resource unavailable class” (Dummy)
49
Quality of service
unavailable
The requested quality of
50
Requested facility not subscribed
Requested service attribute is not subscribed
57
Bearer capability not authorized
The requested bearer capability is not enabled
58
Bearer capability not presently available
The requested bearer capability is not currently available
63
Service or option not available
Unspecified for "service unspecified or option not available class"
(Dummy)
65
Bearer capability not implemented
Bearer capability is not supported
66
Channel type not implemented
Channel type is not supported
69
Requested facility not implemented
Requested facility is not supported
ARGUS 145
service is not available
31
6 Appendix
70
Only restricted digital information bearer
capability is available
Only limited bearer capability is available
79
Service or option not implemented,
service or unspecified, option not
implemented
class” (Dummy)
Unspecified
81
Invalid call reference value
Invalid call reference value
82
Identified Channel does not exist
Requested channel is invalid
83
A suspended call exists, but this call
identity does not
The call identity entered is the wrong one for the parked call
84
Call identity in use
The call identity is already in use
85
No call suspended
No call has been parked
86
Call having the requested call identity
has been cleared
The parked call has been
cleared
88
Incompatible destination
Incompatible destination
91
Invalid transit network selection
Invalid format for the transit network identifier
95
Invalid message, unspecified
Unspecified for “Invalid message class” (Dummy)
96
Mandatory information element is
missing
Mandatory information element is missing
97
Message type non-existent or not
implemented
This type of message is in this phase not permitted, not defined or not
supported
98
Message not compatible with call state or
message type non-existent or not
implemented
The content of the message is in this phase not permitted, not defined
or not supported
99
Information element non-existent or not
implemented
The content of the information element is in this phase not permitted,
not defined or not supported
100
Invalid information element contents
Invalid content in information element
101
Message not compatible with call state
Message not valid in this
phase
102
Recovery on timer expired
Error handling routine started due to time-out
111
Protocol error, unspecified
Unspecified for "protocol error class" (Dummy)
127
Interworking, unspecified
Unspecified for "interworking class" (Dummy)
32
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
D) CAUSE-Messages – 1TR6 Protocol
Dec. Cause
Description
01
Invalid call reference value
Invalid call reference value
03
Bearer service not
implemented
The service is not available in the central office or at another location in the
network or the service has not been subscribed.
07
Call identity does not exist
Unknown call identity
08
Call identity in use
Call identity is already assigned to a “suspended“ connection.
10
No channel available
No further B-channel is free on the subscriber’s access.
16
Requested facility not
implemented
The entered FAC-Code is unknown in this network.
17
Requested facility not
subscribed
The requested facility is not available, because the initiating or the remote
subscriber is not authorized.
32
Outgoing calls barred
Outgoing calls are not possible due to the barring
33
User access busy
If the sum of the number of free B-channels, the number of occupied B-channels,
the number of awarded B-channels and the number of calls without B-channel
assignment equals four, new incoming calls will be cleared from the network.
The calling subscriber receives a DISC with the cause “user access busy“ (= first
busy) and a busy signal.
34
Negative CUG comparison
A connection is not possible due to a negative CUG (GBG) comparison.
35
Non-existent CUG
This CUG (GBG) does not exist
37
Communication link as SPV
not permitted
A connection is not possible, since for example, the RFNR-test was negative
53
Destination not obtainable
A connection cannot be made due to a wrong destination, service or
supplementary services.
56
Number changed
Subscriber-B’s call number has changed.
57
Out of order
The remote terminal is not ready.
58
No user responding
No terminal has answered the incoming SETUP or the subscriber call was
disconnected, it is assumed that someone is present (Time-out for ringing T3AA).
59
User busy
Subscriber-B is busy
61
Incoming calls barred
Subscriber-B has blocked incoming calls or the requested service is not supported
by Subscriber-B.
62
Call rejected
To Subscriber-A:
The requested connection is actively rejected by Subscriber-B (by sending a DISC
as answer to the incoming SETUP). Another terminal is in the setup phase with the
incoming call: The call has already been accepted by another terminal on the
bus.
89
Network congestion
Network congested, e.g., switching equipment congestion, no conference set free,
90
Remote user initiated
Rejected or disconnected by remote end (subscriber or exchange).
112
Local procedure error
Sent in a REL
Caused by a local error (e.g. invalid message or
parameter, time-out, ...).
Sent in a SUSP REJ
Due to another already active supplementary service, the connection may not be
“suspended”.
Sent in a RES REJ
There is no “suspended” connection.
Sent in a FAC REJ
No further supplementary service request is possible, since there is still one being
processed or the supplementary service requested is not available in the current
state of the connection.
113
Remote procedure error
Caused by an error at the remote end.
ARGUS 145
33
6 Appendix
114
Remote user suspended
Connection at the remote end is in the “hold“ or “suspend“ state.
115
Remote user resumed
Connection at the remote end is no longer in the “hold” or “suspend” or
“conference” state.
127
User Info discarded locally
The message USER INFO is rejected locally. The cause is given in the message
CON CON.
Length entry (=0)
Normal disconnect (e.g., in REL as answer to a DISC from subscriber or a change
of service
in a DISC): Command to the terminal to release the B-channel.
34
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
E) ARGUS Error Messages
Error
Cause
Number
0
Network
1 to 127 Network
Description
The network is not in a state defined for DSS1 or 1TR6. It may be
that this state is normal for a PBX.
DSS1 or 1TR6 causes
150
ARGUS
An error occurred during the supplementary service test.
Frequent cause: no response from network
152
ARGUS
The CF-Test was started with the wrong own number.
153
ARGUS
no HOLD is available, but HOLD is required to test the
supplementary service (ECT, 3pty)
154
ARGUS
CLIR or COLR could not be tested, since CLIP or COLP is not
available
161
ARGUS
The party called did not answer within the prescribed time (approx.10
sec)
162
ARGUS
A call was setup to a remote subscriber, instead of being setup – as
was expected – to your own number.
163
ARGUS
The Auto-Test could not setup a connection and therefore the AOC/D
supplementary service could not be tested.
170
ARGUS
During the Suppl.services test, a call came in without a B-channel
(call waiting), which is why it was not possible to accept the call and
perform the Suppl.services test.
199
ARGUS
A call number was entered.
201
ARGUS
Network did not confirm acceptance of the call (CONN sent, no
CONN_ACK received from network)
204
ARGUS
- Layer 2 connection was cleared-down
- No response to SETUP (call setup)
- Layer 2 connection could not be setup
205
ARGUS
Reestablish the Layer 2 connection
210
ARGUS
No response to the clear-down ( REL sent, no REL_CMP/REL_ACK
received from network)
220
ARGUS
Remote end signaled that it is in State 0.
245
ARGUS
Keypad sent via ESC, but no response was received from network
250
ARGUS
FACility was sent, but no response was received from network
ARGUS 145
35
6 Appendix
X.31 Test – Error messages
X.31 Causes
0 to 255 Network See ISO 8208: 1987(E)
Table 5- Coding of the clearing cause field in clear indication packets, page 35
257
ARGUS
no response from network
(for a CALL-REQUEST or CLEAR-REQUEST)
258
ARGUS
Unexpected or wrong answer from network
(no CALL-CONNECTED or CLEAR-INDICATION as response to a CALLREQUEST)
259
ARGUS
The network has indicated in a DIAGNOSTIC message that the logical channel is
invalid. Origin: No (=1) or a wrong LCN was set.
260
ARGUS
The Layer 2 connection was interrupted, e.g. by pulling the BRI plug.
512
ARGUS
It was not possible to determine an internal or external cause.
Origin: Layer 2 could not be setup or remote end does not support X.31
65535
ARGUS
X.31 Layer 3 test was not performed. The error can only occur in a test log.
X.31 Diagnostic (only for a cause less than 256)
0 to 255 Network See ISO 8208: 1987(E)
Figure 14A page 121
Figure 14B page 123 et seq.
and/or CCITT Recommendation X.25, Annex E
36
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
F) Error message: ADSL connection
ARGUS
Error Message
Meaning of the Error Message
Incomp.linecon. Incompatible line conditions:
One or more of the following conditions could not be met on the line:
ATM data rate, signal-to-noise ratio or
transmit power.
No lock possib.
No lock possible:
A connection to ATU-C is not possible.
Protocol error
An error occurred during the activation phase.
Message error
During the activation, a message arrived from the ATU-C side that could
not be understood. (possibly the wrong format or a CRC error)
Spuri. ATU det.
Spurious ATU detected:
This error will be displayed when:
1. An activation signal has been detected on the line, but it is not from the
ATU-C. (Fault on the line)
2. An error occurred before the ARGUS received a complete message
with a correct CRC sum..
Forced silence
The idle (silent) phase (1 minute) initiated by the ATU-C side was not
kept.
During this period, an activation may not be initiated.
Unsel.op.mode
Unselectable operation mode: Operation mode not supported.
Cancelled
The test was interrupted or timed out.
ARGUS 145
37
6 Appendix
G) Error message: PPP connection
Display on
ARGUS
Description
No error
No PPPD error occurred.
Fatal error
Fatal PPPD error occurred.
Possible cause: system or memory error
Option erro
The PPPD options are faulty: wrong parameters for PPP setup
PPP: not root
The PPPD must be called by the Linux "root" user.
No PPPD support
Operating system does not support PPP connections.
Rec.sig.error
The PPP setup was canceled by a SIGINT, SIGTERM or SIGHUP signal, e.g.
canceled by the user or because the waiting time has elapsed.
PPP: Port open
error
PPPD communications error
Serial port could not be locked.
PPP: Port open
error
PPPD communications error.
Serial port could not be opened.
Con.script err.
Error when calling the connection script.
PPP: Command
erro
Not possible to start with the PPPD's pty option
Negotiation err
Cannot negotiate the network protocol for PPPD, so the remote site is not
reachable.
Idle release
Connection was terminated, since there was no activity.
Time out rel
Connection was terminated, since the maximum connection time elapsed.
PPP Callback
Callback was initiated, an incoming call is expected soon.
PPP: Echo req.
error
Remote site did not answer echo requests so the connection has been
terminated. (PPP connections are tested at regular intervals by sending echo
requests to the remote site.)
Hanging up rel
Disconnected by remote site.
Loopback erro
The setup of the PPP connection was cancelled, since a loopback was
detected.
Init script err.
Error caused by the PPPD's init script.
Authent. Error
Authentication error: Wrong user name or password - rejected by remote
site.
PADO timeout
No PADO packet received.
PADS timeout
No PADS packet received.
38
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
H) Error message: Download test
Display on
ARGUS
Description
Download OK
No error occurred.
Buffer overflow
Buffer overflow when using base64 encoding.
Process error
Error when setting up the Exit handler.
Buffer too small
Buffer too smallBuffer too small for the extra_header.
Continue error
Download cannot be continued without specifying a file.
File fstat error
File system error when calling fstat().
Http redir.error
Fault: Too many HTTP redirects.
Http no response
No answer from HTTP server.
Http serv.error
HTTP server has returned an error.
(for details see the table below "HTTP Error Messages")
Http encod.error
Due to an encoding problem, data transfer with HTTP is not possible.
Ftp open error
Error when opening the FTP connection.
Ftp login error
FTP login error: Wrong user name or password or
anonymous login not supported.
Ftp passiv err.
FTP server does not support passive transmission mode.
Ftp rec. error
FTP receive error.
File write error
File system error when calling fwrite().
Network error
Network error
Ftp error
General FTP error.
URL error
Fault: No HTTP or FTP URL specified.
Socket error 1
Error when opening a socket.
Socket error 2
Error when connecting a socket. The server's HTTP service is not available.
FDopen error
Error when opening a file.
Http Head.error
Error in the header of the requested HTTP file.
Ftp no file
FTP download error: No such file or directory found.
Unknown address Unknown host address.
Possible cause: Error in the address entered, DNS resolution not working or
network not accessable.
Unknown dl error
ARGUS 145
Unknown download error
39
6 Appendix
HTTP Error Messages
Display on
ARGUS:
Meaning
Code No.
100
Client should continue its request.
101
The protocol is being changed at the Client's request.
200
The Client's request has succeeded.
201
The Client's request that a new document be created was successful.
202
The Client's request has been accepted for processing.
203
The Client's request will be answered with information from a source other
than the server.
204
The Client's request was successful. The server sends [no content] only the
HTTP header.
205
The Client's request was successful. The server [resets content] sends a new
HTTP body.
206
The Client's request was successful. The server sends only part of the
requested document [partial content].
300
The request was not precise enough so multiple documents have been
returned.
303
The requested resource has been found at a different URI and should be
retrieved from there.
304
The requested document has not been changed in the interim.
305
The requested document must be retrieved from a proxy instead of from
307
The requested resource has been temporarily relocated to a different URI
[temporary redirect].
400
Syntax error in the Client's request [Client error].
401
The request requires user authentication.
402
Payment is required to process this request.
403
The Client's request has been refused. (e.g. because authentication
failed).
404
The requested document was not found (e.g. because of an error in the URL
entered or while the document is no longer available).
405
The method specified by the Client in its request is not allowed by the server.
406
The requested document in a format that is not supported by the Client.
407
The request requires that the Client authenticate itself with a proxy.
408
The Client did not place its request within the time allowed by the server
[Request Timeout].
409
Due to a conflict (e.g.another request) the Client's request cannot be
completed by the server.
40
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
410
The requested URL is [gone] no longer available on the server.
411
The Client sent data to the server without a defined Content Length.
412
The preconditions in the Client's request could not be satisfied by the server.
413
The Client's request has been refused by the server because the request
entity is too large.
414
The Client sent a URL to the server that is too large
(e.g. because of the form values contained).
415
The Client's data is not supported by the server.
416
The range (in a document) requested by the Client [is not satisfiable] does not
exist.
417
The server could not (or did not wish to) satisfy the Client's expectation given
in the Expect request header field.
424
For aesthetic reasons, the requested document will not be sent by the server.
500
Due to an unexpected condition, the server cannot fulfill the Client's request
(e.g. faulty configuration, missing or wrong CGI program).
501
The server does not support the function required to fulfill the Client's request.
502
The server received an invalid response from an upstream server or proxy
which it accessed in attempting to fulfill the request.
503
The server is currently unable to handle the request due to a temporary
overloading of the server.
504
The Client's request (of a gateway or proxy) did not receive a response within
the specified time.
505
The server does not support the HTTP protocol version that was used in the
Client's request.
ARGUS 145
41
6 Appendix
I) General Error Messages
Display on
ARGUS
Description
Mode not supp.
Mode is not supported.
Prot. not supp.
The protocol (IP, PPPoE, etc.) is not supported in the selected mode.
Test not supp.
The test (Ping, Traceroute, etc.) is not supported for the selected mode and
protocol.
Unknown error
Unknown error occurred.
No PPP connec.
No PPP connection can be setup. (for details see Page 38)
Test aborted
Test aborted by user.
Pingstart error
Error when starting the Ping test.
Fault: Unexp. IP
down
Unexpected termination of the PPP connection. (for details see Page 38)
Unexp. PING end Unexpected termination of the Ping test.
Interface error
Error while starting/terminating the network interface. (for details see the
error codes of the interface script)
Fault: TR Start
Error when starting the Traceroute test.
Fault: TR Packet
The test timed out since the traceroute answer packet did not arrive within
the specified time.
DHCP timeout
LAN
DHCP Client timeout (LAN)
DHCP NAK err
LAN
The DHCP server refused the DHCP client (LAN)
Download timeout Error when starting the Download test.
No DL answer
Error while performing the Download test (for details see Page 39).
MASQ error
Error while starting/terminating the routing rules. (for details see the error
codes of the routing rules)
TR unreachable
The destination host cannot be reached with UDP packets from traceroute.
Possible
Cause: Router or firewall is discarding UDP packets
DHCP timeout
WAN
DHCP client timeout (WAN)
42
ARGUS 145
6 Appendix
J) ARGUS Messages - Script Errors
Display on
ARGUS
Description
Error Code
0
No error occurred.
33
Wrong parameter. Possible parameters: PRE_UP, UP or DOWN
44
Mode not supported for selected parameter.
55
Protocol not supported for selected parameter and mode.
66
Selected modem replacement mode is not supported. Possible modes:
BRIDGE or ROUTER
K) ARGUS Messages - Routing Rules
Display on
ARGUS
Description
Error Code
0
No error occurred.
77
Wrong parameter. Possible parameters: START and STOP
88
Packet filter mode is not supported. Possible modes: STRICT and ALL
99
Error in the selection of dynamic or static. Possible selections:
DYNAMIC or STATIC
ARGUS 145
43
6 Appendix
L) Software Licenses
The firmware of the ARGUS testers includes code from Open Source packages, which
have been published under various licenses (GPL, LGPL, MIT, BSD, etc.).
Additional information can be found on the CD-ROM included in the package (see
Software_License.htm) or you can view it at http://www.argus.info/web/download/
Software_License.htm.
In the event that you are interested in the sources licensed under GPL or LGPL, please
contact support@argus.info. A machine-readable copy of the source code can be obtained
from intec Gesellschaft für Informationstechnik mbH for a minimal fee - to cover the cost of
physically copying the code. This offer is valid for 3 years.
44
ARGUS 145
M) Index
A
ADSL
Bit distribution display ........................................................................................... 54
Clearing down ............................................................................................... 57, 118
Line parameters .................................................................................................... 55
Sending the trace file to a PC ............................................................................... 61
Setup the connection ............................................................................................ 51
Store the result ...................................................................................................... 57
ARGUS State display .................................................................................................... 30
ATM BERT .................................................................................................................... 81
Restart .................................................................................................................. 82
ATM OAM ping ............................................................................................................. 78
Automatic test sequence
Skipping individual tests ...................................................................................... 167
Terminating the test sequence (early) ................................................................ 167
B
BERT .......................................................................................................................... 128
end-to-end ........................................................................................................... 136
In an extended call to oneself ..................................................................... 128, 129
Phone number entry ........................................................................................... 130
Test results ......................................................................................................... 132
With a loopbox ............................................................................................ 128, 129
Bit error test ................................................................................................................ 128
Bridge mode .......................................................................................................... 94, 100
C
Confirmation key ........................................................................................................... 13
Connections
Headset ................................................................................................................. 15
Copper line tests ........................................................................................................... 34
Cursor keys ................................................................................................................... 14
D
Display
Basic Service - Abbreviation ............................................................................... 145
DSL profile
Line parameters .................................................................................................. 181
Test parameters .................................................................................................. 197
F
FTP download ............................................................................................................... 70
FTP upload ................................................................................................................... 73
H
HTTP download ............................................................................................................ 66
I
Initialization phase ........................................................................................................ 29
IP-TV ........................................................................................................... 83, 86, 89, 95
IP-TV profile ...................................................................................................... 83, 86, 89
ARGUS 145
241
ISDN connection
Advice of Charges (AOC) .................................................................................... 154
Causes for a disconnect ...................................................................................... 158
En-bloc sending .................................................................................................. 155
Overlap sending .................................................................................................. 153
Phone number entry ............................................................................................ 154
Simplified overlap sending: ................................................................................. 154
User-specific services ......................................................................................... 152
K
Kb ................................................................................................................................ 132
kb ................................................................................................................................. 132
L
Leased line
BERT ..................................................................................................................... 38
Loopbox ................................................................................................................ 39
Switching from the mode ....................................................................................... 39
Telephony ............................................................................................................. 37
Time measurement ............................................................................................... 39
M
Main menu ..................................................................................................................... 30
Menu selection .............................................................................................................. 32
Monitor
Listening-in on voice data ..................................................................................... 40
Monitoring a BRI access: .............................................................................................. 40
N
NT-Simulation mode ...................................................................................................... 36
P
POTS connection
Simplified overlap sending: ................................................................................... 44
POTS monitor ................................................................................................................ 46
POTS terminal ............................................................................................................... 43
Power Down .................................................................................................................. 16
Power key ...................................................................................................................... 13
R
Replacing the accumulators .......................................................................................... 16
Return key ..................................................................................................................... 14
Router Mode .................................................................................................................. 99
S
Selecting the Access mode ........................................................................................... 36
Service tests
Display names ..................................................................................................... 125
Error code ........................................................................................................... 127
Performing with "remote call number" ................................................................. 126
Test results .......................................................................................................... 127
Setting the type of access ............................................................................................. 33
SHDSL
Performance Parameters .................................................................................... 110
242
ARGUS 145
Setup the connection .......................................................................................... 108
Store the result .................................................................................................... 118
Softkeys ........................................................................................................................ 14
Suppl.serv.test
CF ....................................................................................................................... 122
CLIP .................................................................................................................... 122
DSS1 Protocol .................................................................................................... 121
Error Messages ................................................................................................... 124
T
Technical data ............................................................................................................... 13
Telephony ..................................................................................................................... 14
TE-Simulation mode ..................................................................................................... 36
The ARGUS on an Ethernet Access
Connection to a PPTP router/modem ................................................................. 103
Connection to IP network .................................................................................... 104
Connection to PC via IP ...................................................................................... 103
Connection to the modem ................................................................................... 102
Connection to the router/modem ........................................................................ 102
Traceroute ..................................................................................................................... 63
V
VPI / VCI scan ............................................................................................................... 76
X
X.31
Diagnostic code .................................................................................................. 143
X.31 Cause ......................................................................................................... 143
ARGUS 145
243
244
ARGUS 145
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