12th Edition - Energy Alternatives
Welcome
Thank you for choosing Energy Alternatives as a source
of information and supplier of quality alternative energy
products.
Whether you are just curious about alternative energy and
how it works, or are seriously considering purchasing your
own power system, you will find a wealth of information in
the following pages.
Since 1982, Energy Alternatives has been providing
high quality renewable energy systems to customers
throughout Canada. We supply customers with electricity
to build, to clean, to cook, to communicate, and to work.
Name a location, and we’ve probably installed or provided
a system in the area.
This is an exciting time for Energy Alternatives. We are
rapidly growing thanks to customers like you who have
supported us for over 22 years, making us one of Canada’s
oldest alternative energy suppliers. We look forward to
continuing to serve and supply you as Canada’s leading
full service alternative energy company.
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
8 - 6782 Veyaness Road
Victoria, British Columbia V8M 2C2
(800) 265-8898 toll free
(250) 544-0488 local
(250) 544-0478 fax
http://www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
Sales@EnergyAlternatives.ca
© 2004 Energy Alternatives
May not be reproduced in whole or part without prior
written consent.
INDEX
Customer Testimonials
Electricity Explained
Off-grid System Illustration
System Design
Packaged Systems
Cottage Systems
Primary Power Systems
Generator Supplement
Backup Power
Grid Intertie
Mobile
Installations
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal
Wind Energy
Microhydro
Inverters
Generators and Inverters
Xantrex Inverters
Outback Inverters
Power Panels
Batteries
Battery Chargers
Charge Controllers
Meters
Wire
Lighting
System Accessories
Circuit Protection
Transfer Switches
Water Pumps
Air Movement
Generators
Refrigeration
Compost Toilets
Shipping and ordering
6
7
8
11
14
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
31
39
43
51
57
58
59
64
66
69
73
75
78
80
81
84
85
86
87
92
93
95
97
98
Printed versions of this catalogue are printed on recycled,
chlorine-free paper that is made in Canada. Certified
80% recycled including 60% post consumer, old-growth
free paper.
This paper is available for purchase through Reach for
Unbleached at http://www.rfu.org/buyingclub.htm
2
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Where to start?
Energy Alternatives together with an expert team of local representatives is here to help you on your
path to energy independence. Choosing an energy system doesn’t need to be complicated. This guide
will simplify the process for you.
HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE
Depending on your needs, you should focus on different sections of this guide:
Electricity 101
Page 7
Quick refresher on how electricity works. This section will help you
tremendously if your understanding of electricity is a little fuzzy.
Packaged Systems
Page 14
If you are looking for a turn-key system as a starting point or complete
energy solution, this section will give you details on our uniquely
engineered packaged systems.
System Components
Page 31
If you are looking to build your own system or upgrade an existing one
then proceed to this section where we feature many of the components
we use and sell.
Information Online
Detailed information is available round-the-clock on our website where
you will find extensive collections of owners manuals, design aids,
specification sheets, and much more.
You can order products at your convenience - 24 hours a day, 7 days a
week - from our secure web store.
www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
2004v8o
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
3
Introduction
IS RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR YOU?
• Do you have a remote property without powerlines nearby?
• Would it cost more than $15,000 to install powerlines?
• Have you been affected by a power outage?
• Are you fearful of the future cost and reliability of power?
• Are you concerned about pollution from power plants?
• Do you seek independence from the utilities?
• Do you want to do your part for the Kyoto Accord?
• Do you wish for more of the comforts of home at the cottage?
• Would you like to be the first on your block with solar power?
• Does it cost you a fortune to heat your pool?
• Do you use a lot of hot water?
If the answer is YES to any of these questions, this guide will help you make an informed decision on
the specific technologies that will benefit you the most. An alternative energy system will provide clean,
reliable power when you need it most.
HOW YOU CAN BENEFIT
• Is getting utility power to your site a major expense? No problem! An alternative energy
system can often provide more reliable power at a lower cost than utility power.
• Building a new home? Install your renewable energy power system first and use it during
construction. See Page 29 for information about the EA powershed product.
• Do you use a generator to provide primary power? An alternative energy system will
reduce your use of the generator, save you money, reduce pollution, and provide peace
and quiet.
• Remote water pumping? We sell the most efficient water pumping equipment available.
• Are blackouts a problem for you? A backup power system will provide emergency power
for you during a power outage.
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Introduction
WHAT WE NEED FROM YOU
A little advance planning will go a long way. To discuss your energy alternatives, be prepared to answer
the following questions:
• What are your expectations of renewable energy?
• What appliances will you want to operate?
• Where is your site located?
• How often will you use your property?
• How many people live or work there?
• Might you want to expand the system in the future if your requirements change?
• What is your budget for this project?
Each renewable energy system site is unique. The ideal system for your site will reflect the nature of your
property and its special challenges and uses.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
5
Customer Testimonials
“Weather has been fierce here all day. High winds, rain and now
snow. Power is out all over the island...except here. One of my
neighbours is a computer programmer and came knocking on my door
this morning asking to borrow some electricity so he could work
today. He came back through the storm with the end of a 250
foot extension cord which he ran to his computer set up. Nice
to know we have enough to share. We are at 81% on the batteries
at the moment and the panels seem to be getting through the
high winds with no problem. We are so pleased we decided to
provide our own power even though the grid is available to
us” SL - Via email
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Electricity Explained
“This is a 1500 Watt/24 Volt performance system that includes a high-quality Xantrex DR 1524 inverter,
giving 1500 Watts of continuous / 4000 Watts intermittent power.”
If you read the last sentence and understood what it meant, you can ignore this section. If your eyes
glazed over halfway through, you may require some re-education in electricity. The more you know about
how electricity works, the less money you will waste and the more confidence you will have in your
system.
THE WATTS AND VOLTS OF ELECTRICITY
Amperage (Amp or “A” for short)
• Like water flowing through a pipe, electricity flows through a wire.
• An Amp is the amount of electricity flowing through a wire - this flow is called AMPERAGE or
amps. Also known as current.
Voltage (Volt or “V” for short)
• Like water flowing through the hose pipe, if you lift one end, gravity pushes the water through.
• A Volt is the pressure with which the electricity is pushed through the wire.
Wattage (Watt or “W” for short)
• A Watt is the actual power generated from the amount of electricity flowing through a wire (AMP) x
the pressure with which it flows (VOLT).
• “A watt, is a watt, is a watt” as the saying goes.
• Watts = Amps X Volts.
Rates of power (Wh or kWh)
• Watt hours (Wh) and Kilowatt hours (kWh) are rates of power.
• When people talk about how much power an appliance consumes they use the unit kWh.
• This unit represents how much power something consumes in one hour of use - for example, if you
used a 100-watt light bulb for 10 hours, you would have used 1000 Watt hours = 1 kWh.
• Amp/hour (Ah) is another way of measuring power - kWh is a more universal measurement as Ah
will vary according to the system voltage.
Alternating Current (AC)
• AC electricity is the most common type of electrical power used today.
• Most common household appliances operate on AC.
• AC is easier to work with and can be transmitted further than DC systems.
• It is called Alternating Current as the current changes directions constantly.
Direct Current (DC)
• DC power can be stored in batteries - AC power cannot.
• DC power is converted to AC by the use of an inverter.
• Many appliances that have a wall cube plug-in unit are operating on DC power.
• DC offers significant benefits for efficiency - DC motors are more efficient than AC motors.
• Many renewable energy systems will have some DC loads.
• Water pumps and refrigeration are commonly DC.
• Solar panels produce DC power.
• Common voltages include 12, 24, 48 Volts.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
7
Off-Grid Electrical System Components
The illustration on the next page outlines the basic components of an off-grid renewable energy system.
A. Wind Generator
Page 43
A wind generator converts the power of the wind into electrical energy. Your site requires good wind in
order for a wind generator to be effective.
Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Panels
Page 31
Solar panels convert the sun’s energy into electrical energy. Power output is directly related to how
much sun reaches the panel. Panels should be located in an area with the best sun exposure possible
while keeping the module as cool as possible for best performance.
Common mounting options include:
B. Pole Mount
C. Roof or Ground Mount
D. Generator
Page 93
Most year-round systems include a backup generator. A generator will provide the extra bit of power
that may be needed occasionally and will ensure that you are never out of power. Propane or Diesel
generators offer the best levels of service for full time systems. Gasoline generators are generally
cheaper to buy but more expensive to operate.
E. Inverter / Power Panel
Page 57
Inverters, along with batteries, are at the heart of your system. DC power stored in batteries is converted
into AC power needed for most household appliances. The size of the inverter will determine how many
appliances you can run at the same time. Some inverters can automate operation of a generator and
have sophisticated computer controlled systems to allow you ultimate control of your system. A power
panel will typically include fusing and safety, charge controllers and system monitoring functions.
F. Batteries
Page 69
Batteries are used to store electricity. Choosing the right type of battery is crucial when designing a
reliable renewable system. A battery bank that is too small will have a short life and provide poor system
performance. A battery bank that is too large can make it difficult to maintain a full charge. For safety
reasons, batteries must be in a sealed container that is vented to the outside.
G. Fuel
Many off-grid homes make use of propane fuel for heating, cooking and operation of a backup generator. Large tanks are very convenient as the fuel is delivered when needed, freeing you up from carrying
fuel back and forth every trip. There is an excellent barge and truck network that serves most locations.
Bulk propane is less expensive than when it’s purchased in small cylinders.
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Off-Grid System Illustration
1. Bypass switch
This allows you to bypass your inverter and run loads
from the generator directly.
2. Inverter
Converts DC electricity stored in batteries to AC
electricity to run appliances. Many inverters have
built-in battery chargers.
3. Controller
Protects your system from overcharge. Some controllers
have integrated system monitors.
4. DC Safety Disconnect
Required for code compliance, provides a convenient
location for tying together DC wiring.
More Diagrams:
Grid Intertie
Mobile Power
Solar Thermal
Hybrid off-grid system
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
Page 23
Page 26
Page 40
Page 67
9
Renewable Energy Technologies
Sun, wind, and water. These three natural elements can produce all the power you need with little or no
impact on the environment.
Photovoltaic (PV) panel
The simplest form of battery charging available. Power is created
when sunlight is absorbed by solar panels and transformed into
electricity. It is a common misconception that the heat of the sun
is what creates power. In fact, it is the light of the sun reflecting
through the solar panels that creates energy.
Solar Thermal
Over one horsepower of energy per square yard falls on your roof
on a sunny day. Think of the garden hose left outside in the sun
and how hot the water in it gets. That same principle can be used
to heat your domestic hot water, your hot tub, your pool, your factory, etc.
It is much more efficient to heat water directly from the sun than
to use a solar panel to generate electricity to heat the water.
Wind Turbine
Remember the windmill? This newer model may look like science
fiction, but given the right conditions, these sleek, modern turbines can be a great source of energy.
To use a wind turbine year round, you will need constant winds
year round. If the wind on your site is not consistent then you
could create a hybrid system combining PV panels for electricity
in the summer and wind turbines in winter.
Microhydro
By far the greatest energy source. Flowing water can produce
between 10 to 10,000 times more power than sun or wind for the
same capital investment. It all depends on the amount of water,
how far it drops and how close you are to it.
Every microhydro system is unique because every water source
is different. Proper planning and design will always yield a better
system for your needs.
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
System Design - Selecting System Voltage
This is one of those “fork in the road” decisions when building your energy system. Changing system voltage later is a costly and disruptive process. Forethought into your system design and future expansion
possibilities will save you money in the long run.
Here are some general guidelines for selecting system voltage (there are countless exceptions):
12 Volt systems
•
Suited to small systems with limited needs for future expansion.
•
Charging sources (solar, wind or microhydro) are within 50’ wire run of the batteries.
•
The upper limit on inverter capacity is 3 kW.
•
Our entry level systems are mostly 12 Volt.
•
The lower the voltage, the higher the amperage. The higher the amperage, the greater the resistance and the more expensive the wire will be to carry that higher amperage.
24 Volt systems
•
A 24 Volt inverter will use half the amperage of a 12 Volt inverter of the same size and operates
more efficiently.
•
One of the most common voltages with lots of room for expansion.
•
Single inverters up to around 4 kW are possible in these systems.
•
Wire costs are reduced.
•
Longer transmission distances are possible.
48 Volt systems
•
For larger, higher performance systems.
•
Single inverters up to 5.5 kW.
•
Much longer transmission distances are possible.
Higher Voltages
•
For specialty projects such as water pumping and grid intertie.
•
High voltage systems can economically move power many miles.
•
Please contact Energy Alternatives or your local dealer to discuss your application.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
11
System Design
TO HELP YOU CHOOSE A SYSTEM, ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:
1. How much energy do you use in a day (total kWh)?
2. How much energy do you use at once (peak kW)?
3. What resources are available at your site to produce energy?
You can save a lot of money and frustration by sizing your system to suit your energy needs. You could
spend too much on a system that is bigger than you need or too little on a system that leaves you short.
POWER CONSUMPTION
The most important factor in designing a power generating system is knowing how much power will be
consumed. It is critical to know where the power is going. A poorly designed system will produce either too
little or too much power. In order to get the best value for your money, it is important to compile accurate
information on how the power will be used. This is done with an energy budget.
ENERGY BUDGET
An energy budget is used to assess the electrical loads in a renewable energy system. An energy budget
requires that you depart from the traditional concept of unlimited supply of energy. Electricity must be
viewed as a finite commodity like flour, firewood, or money. In an energy budget you list of all your electrical
appliances and calculate the energy they use.
CONSERVATION FIRST!
Consider this: Conservation is less expensive than generation. For every dollar spent on efficiency you
will save five dollars in generation. It is far less expensive to reduce your energy needs first.
The primary method of conserving energy is by using energy efficient appliances. Don’t let the sticker
price fool you. It is the cost to operate the appliance that really counts. Take the “free fridge” example. An
older inefficient fridge consumes many times the amount of electricity of a newer, more efficient unit.
NO ELECTRIC HEAT
Appliances such as electric stoves, dryers, heaters and hot water tanks are generally not practical in most
renewable energy systems. It is more economical to use other fuel sources (such as propane or firewood)
for those needs. If you are lucky enough to have a microhydro resource at your site, electric heat and hot
water may be possible.
PHANTOM LOADS
Many people do not realize that many appliances consume electricity even when they are “off”
Many electronic products such as stereos, TV’s, VCR’s, clock radios, computers and items with
wall cube transformers draw constant power. Connecting these items to a power bar and turning it
off when not needed will help reduce this wasted power. If you are building a new place, have your
electrician wire in some switched outlets.
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
System Design
CONSUMPTION - HOW MUCH ENERGY YOU USE
In order to complete an energy budget you will need to know how much power an appliance uses. This is
often more difficult than you would think. All appliances are required by law to have a power rating marked
on the item, typically near the power cord. In most cases, the number on this nameplate would be the
peak power - not the most relevant figure. The most accurate method is to measure it yourself. Please
see the meters section on Page 76 for details on products to help you with this.
Most new appliances have an EnerGuide rating on them. This is a relatively good measure of the amount
of power the appliance will typically use. This rating is best used to compare different appliances when
purchasing, as they are all tested on a level playing field. The actual power consumed will depend on your
usage of that particular appliance.
CAPACITY- HOW MUCH ENERGY YOU USE AT ONE TIME
Knowing how much energy you use at one time will help you determine the inverter capacity that is
required. Generally speaking, the more people or appliances, the larger the inverter you will want. With
larger capacity inverters, think of them in terms of how many large appliances (such as toaster, vacuum,
table saw, water pump) you wish to run at the same time. Do you require extra capacity so the water
pump can kick in as required?
AC Appliances
Appliances
RADIO
Battery Recharger
Belt Sander 3"
Blender
Circular Saw 8 1/4"
Compact Flourescent Light
Computer
Computer Monitor
Colour TV (Tube)
Drill 1/2"
DVD
Hair Dryer
Jigsaw
Laptop
Microwave Oven
Power Tool
Refrigerator/Freezer (16 cu ft)
Satellite TV
Sewing Machine
Toaster Oven
Vacuum Cleaner
VCR
Video Game System
Well Pump 1/3 hp
Qty
1
Watts
15
20
1000
325
1600
14
60
84
286
750
12
1100
300
35
1125
1350
380
40
78
1550
1025
35
45
850
DC Appliances
Hours Days Watt hrs
Day Week
week
8
5
600
Total AC Watt Hours per Week
Order by phone or online
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Appliances
INVERTER STANDBY
Battery Charger
Qty
1
Watts
5
6
Cell Phone
Halogen
Inverter Standby
Motor
Refrigerator/Freezer (SunFrost)
Radio RX
Radio TX
Stereo
TV 14" Colour
3
20
5
70
12
4
50
15
70
VCR
Water Pump
16
50
Hours Days Watt hrs
Day Week
week
24
3
360
Total DC Watt Hours per Week
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Packaged Systems
Energy Alternatives’ packaged systems have been carefully designed based on the insight of 20 years
experience providing thousands of renewable energy systems to customers all over the world. Each
system is engineered using top-quality components. New products must pass rigorous testing before we
will consider selling them to our customers.
We combine the most appropriate components depending on your energy performance requirements. All
packaged systems are:
• Complete with all components including wire and connectors.
• Reliable, proven solutions in use all over Canada.
• Engineered for many years of reliable, hassle-free service.
• Based on an average of 5 hours sunshine per day (for PV solar systems).
• Supported by toll-free telephone technical assistance.
• Customizable by adding or changing components to suit your needs.
• Fully expandable for additional future capacity.
Installation for all packages
• Systems are shipped to your location pre-assembled to facilitate easy self-installation.
• If you are reasonably handy and have some extra help available, installation will be easy.
• If you prefer professional installation, we can arrange for a local installer to do the work.
• Depending on the package, your site and your experience, self-installation can usually be
completed in 1-5 days.
• Each system comes complete with full installation instructions and is backed by no
charge telephone support to get your system up and running.
Pricing
We have not included pricing for these systems. Prices vary significantly for each customer depending
on the level of customizing. Please contact Energy Alternatives or your local dealer to get a firm quotation
on the system you need.
Please note
• Detailed specification sheets are available online or by contacting us.
• Most packaged systems use solar PV as the primary energy source. We can easily adapt any
of these packages to make use of other energy sources such as wind or microhydro.
• Systems include a standard length of wire for each installation. Let us know your exact distance
and we will send you the proper length of wire and we will advise you about wire options.
• If you have a long wire run, please contact us for a system design .
• Wind towers require extra supplies (pipe, anchors, wire) that vary depending on your installation.
• Freight charges are additional. Please contact us for a freight quotation.
• Most systems are shipped via truck freight. We have successfully delivered goods to some of the
most remote locations in Canada - there is an excellent network for moving of products by truck.
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Packaged Systems - Cabin Lights
This is the perfect starter kit for people with small loads, and who operate primarily in the spring/summer/
fall months. This system will generate enough power to run a few lights, charge cell phones, laptops, DC
water pump, etc. We call this “lights and music” service.
These kits come pre-assembled for ease of installation at your location. Simply mount the solar panel
in a sunny, south-facing location (roof, wall, or ground mounting hardware standard; pole mount is available as an option). Mount the pre-wired electrical panel on the wall, connect it to the batteries and solar
panels, and your installation is complete.
CABIN LIGHTS SYSTEM KIT
• One 80 Watt solar panel with 25’ wire and mounting bracket for roof or ground.
• Charge controller with battery capacity monitor, expandable to three 80 Watt panels total.
• Two six-volt golf cart batteries - 2.9 kWh (220 amp hours) with cables.
• 300 Watt economy inverter - to provide you with 120 Volt power.
• Six-circuit DC fuse panel to allow interconnection of other DC loads (such as a water pump).
• Pre-assembled with all wires and connectors.
EXPANDED CABIN LIGHTS SYSTEM KIT
As above, with the following modifications:
• Two 80 Watt solar panels.
• Four golf cart batteries - 5.9 kWh (440 amp hours) with cables.
• Larger, 600 Watt inverter.
OPTIONS & UPGRADES
• 12 Volt water pump
• Wind generator
• Pole mount for solar panels
• Battery charger (for generator charging)
• Larger inverters
• 120 Watt solar panels
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
15
Packaged Systems - Weekend Cottager
These systems have been engineered for the needs of weekend users. Specifically, this means a larger
battery bank and a smaller solar array. After a weekend of heavy use, the system then has most of the
following week to charge up again. The next weekend when you return to your cottage, the batteries will
be charged up and ready to use. Cottager systems will provide power for lights, music, appliances, power
tools, etc.
Kits are pre-assembled for easy selfinstallation, or we can arrange for a
local installer to do the installation. Selfinstallation can usually be completed in 2-3
days, depending on the specifics of your site
& your experience. Packaged systems are
built to order and can easily be customized
to your requirements. Please contact us
with your specific requirements.
COMPONENTS
The three Cottager systems below are complete with all the parts needed for a successful installation.
These systems presume your building has been wired to electrical code standards.
Standard items in all three systems:
• System is pre-assembled on a power panel for easy installation.
• Xantrex inverters, contollers, and safety equipment.
• CSA/UL approved components to keep the electrical inspector happy.
• All wire, hardware, and instructions for a successful and fun installation.
• Batteries ARE included and housed in a custom built, lockable battery box.
• Adjustable mounting system for solar panels.
• TriMetric system meter, a system “fuel gauge.”
• Plenty of room for expansion of the system for future needs.
• Integrated battery charger for topping up batteries with generator.
• 40 amp solar charge controller.
• 24 Volt systems for high performance and expandability.
COTTAGER SYSTEM # 1
• 1.5 kW inverter with 35 amp charger. 24 Volts. (Xantrex DR1524).
• 8 golf cart batteries in custom enclosure. Capacity: 11.5 kW/h (440 amp/hours @ 24V).
• Single 185 Watt, high-efficiency, high-output solar panel, 24 Volts.
COTTAGER SYSTEM # 2
• 3.6 kW inverter with 70 amp charger. 24 Volts. (Xantrex DR3624).
• 8 golf cart batteries in custom enclosure. Capacity: 11.5 kW/h (440 amp/hours @ 24V).
• 2 185 Watt, high-efficiency, high-output solar panels, 24 Volts.
COTTAGER SYSTEM # 3
• 3.6 kW inverter with 70 amp charger. 24 Volts. (Xantrex DR3624).
• 12 heavy-duty forklift batteries (20 year life). Capacity: 21.6 kWh (800 amp hours @ 24V).
• 2 185 Watt, high-efficiency, high-output solar panels, 24 Volts.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Packaged Systems - Primary Power
These systems are for customers who live off-grid on a full-time basis. Primary Power systems enable
you to run whatever appliances you want - from computers and home entertainment systems to washing
machines and power tools all at the same time. There is enough inverter power in these systems to run
almost any load, enough battery capacity to store large amounts of power, and enough solar power to
quickly charge the batteries when the sun is up.
Energy Alternatives has provided these Primary Power systems to thousands of customers who live
beyond the reach of power lines. These systems are long lasting, powerful, reliable, affordable, and very
easy to use.
Primary Power kits come pre-assembled for easy self-installation. Self-installation can usually be
completed in 2-5 days, depending on the specifics of your site and your experience. If you prefer, we can
arrange for a local installer to install the system for you.
Packaged Primary Power systems are built to order and can easily be customized to your needs.Please
contact us with your specific requirements.
COMPONENTS
The Primary Power systems come complete with all the parts needed for a successful installation. These
systems presume your building has been wired to electrical code standards.
Standard items in all Primary Power systems:
• System is pre-assembled on a power panel for easy installation.
• Xantrex inverters, contollers and safety equipment.
• Powerful and reliable sine-wave inverters that include battery chargers for generator charging.
• UL/CSA approved components to keep the electrical inspector happy.
• All wire, hardware and instructions for a successful and fun installation.
• Batteries ARE included and housed in a custom, lockable battery box.
• Adjustable mounting system for solar panels.
• TriMetric system meter, a system “fuel gauge”.
• Plenty of room for expansion of the system for future needs.
• Solar charge controller.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
17
Packaged Systems - Primary Power
PRIMARY POWER SYSTEM # 1
• 2.5 kW pure sine wave inverter with 65 amp battery charger, 24 Volt (Xantrex).
• 12 heavy-duty forklift batteries (20 year life). 21.6 kWh (800 amp hours @ 24 Volt).
• 4 185 Watt, high efficiency, high output solar panels, 24 Volt (740 W)
• 3.7 kWh per day solar charging (based on 5 hrs of bright sunshine).
PRIMARY POWER SYSTEM # 2
• 4.0 kW pure sine wave inverter with 120 amp battery charger, 24 Volt (Xantrex).
• 12 heavy-duty forklift batteries (20 year life). 45.6 kWh (1725 amp hours @ 24 Volt).
• 8 185 Watt, high efficiency, high output solar panels, 24 Volt (1.5 kW).
• 7.4 kWh per day solar charging (based on 5 hrs of bright sunshine).
PRIMARY POWER SYSTEM # 3
• 5.5 kW pure sine wave inverter with 70 amp battery charger, 48 Volt (Xantrex).
• 12 heavy-duty forklift batteries (20 year life). 70 kWh (1330 amp hours @ 48 Volt).
• 8 185 Watt, high efficiency, high output solar panels, 24 Volt (1.5 kW).
• 7.4 kWh per day solar charging (based on 5 hrs of bright sunshine).
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES FOR PRIMARY POWER SYSTEMS
These systems are designed with plenty of future expansion opportunities. The list below shows some
of the typical items that customers will add to their systems. Please contact Energy Alternatives or your
local dealer for detailed information and pricing.
• Onan 12 kW propane generator.
• Honda EU 3000 3 kW gasoline generator.
• Step-up / step-down auto transformer (120/240).
• Wind generator.
• High-voltage solar controller for long wire runs.
• A second inverter to double capacity.
• Microhydro turbine.
• Additional battery capacity.
• Additional solar panels.
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Packaged Systems - Generator Supplement
These systems are designed to improve electrical service for customers who have an existing, generatoronly system. The Generator Supplement systems provide power 24 hours a day, regardless of whether
the generator is running.
In generator-only systems, when the generator is running, you have more power than you know what
to do with; when it is off, you are left in the dark. This was the old way of doing things. By combining a
generator with an alternative energy system you will dramatically reduce your fuel bill and extend the life
of the generator.
These packaged systems operate as follows:
•
Energy is stored in a battery bank which is charged when the generator is running. The larger the
battery bank, the longer you will be able to go between generator runs.
•
An inverter converts the energy stored in batteries to 120 or 240 Volts AC for use with conventional
appliances.
•
The size of the inverter will dictate how many appliances you can operate at once.
•
Inverters are rated on their continuous duty and will have a surge capacity from two to four times
that. For instance, a 1500 Watt inverter will run at 1500 Watts continuously but can surge to
upwards of 4000 Watts for short periods of time. This is different than a generator - a 5 kW
generator will have no more than 5 kW available. Often times a smaller inverter will outperform a
larger generator for starting loads such as with washing machines and power tools.
•
The system can be completely automated or manually activated. Generator Systems 1 and 2 are
manual, 3 and 4 automated.
•
The system can be easily expanded to include other battery charging sources such as solar, wind
or microhydro that will further reduce the required generator running time.
These systems can be customized with many options. Possible options include built-in solar controllers
to accommodate future expansion into other sources of generation or 240 Volt options.
Each system is pre-assembled for your convenience. Installation times are typically less than one day,
but will vary depending on your level of experience and the specifics of your site. Each system comes
complete with full installation instructions and is backed by no-charge telephone support.
Standard items included in all systems:
• Pre-assembled on power panel for ease of installation.
• Transfer circuitry for automatic transfer from generator to inverter power.
• CSA/UL approved components to keep the electrical inspector happy.
• Batteries are included and housed in a custom, sealed, vented, lockable battery box.
• TriMetric system meter, a system “fuel gauge” which displays how much power is available.
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Packaged Systems - Generator Supplement
GENERATOR SUPPLEMENT # 1
• 1.5 kW continuous, 3.5 kW surge capacity.
• 5.8 kWh (220 amp hours @ 24 Volt) battery storage capacity.
GENERATOR SUPPLEMENT # 2
• 2.4 kW continuous, 4.5 kW surge capacity.
• 11.5 kWh (440 amp hours @ 24 Volt) battery storage capacity.
GENERATOR SUPPLEMENT # 3
• 4.0 kW, 9.0 kW surge capacity.
• Pure sine wave inverter.
• 23 kWh (440 amp hours @ 48 Volt) battery storage capacity.
• Automatic generator control (requires generator that is remote-start enabled).
GENERATOR SUPPLEMENT # 4
• 4.0 kW, 9.0 kW surge capacity.
• Pure sine wave inverter.
• 45 kWh (1725 amp hours @ 24 Volt) battery storage capacity.
• Automatic generator control (requires generator that is remote-start enabled).
• Long-life (15-20 year) 2 Volt batteries.
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Packaged Systems - Backup Power
Fed up with unreliable utility power? Was your last power outage the last straw? Energy Alternatives
offers a wide variety of backup electrical power systems. We can design a backup power system to run
any load you can imagine. The price of these systems is directly related to their capacity.
Your answers to these questions will help you choose the backup system you need:
• What loads do you want to be able to operate during an outage?
• How long do you want those loads to operate for?
GENERATORS VS BATTERY/INVERTER SYSTEMS
There are similarities and differences between generator and battery/inverter backup systems. Both
provide electricity when the grid power is unavailable. How they go about achieving this goal is vastly
different.
A generator’s energy is stored in the fuel it burns. You must store enough fuel so that you can operate the
generator for as long as the outage. When the generator is on, 100% of the system capacity is available,
whether you need it or not. You will have a finite running time if you cannot locate more fuel (which can
be difficult during a power outage).
A battery/inverter system, on the other hand, uses energy stored in batteries. Batteries are charged in a
number of ways. In most backup systems, the electrical grid charges the batteries, keeps them charged,
and will recharge them once the grid comes back online. A generator, the sun, wind, or flowing water can
all charge batteries.
Batteries deliver the exact amount of power you require at that moment. The running time of the system
is directly related to your loads. For instance, if you know the outage will last a long time, you can only
operate the most essential loads; whereas if you know the outage will only be brief you can use up much
more power knowing the grid will charge the batteries up when it comes back online.
Generators are good for larger power requirements. Generators require maintenance, as with all engines.
A generator that will not start when you need it due to lack of maintenance is not very useful to you.
Generators also require fuel - your generator is only as reliable as your fuel supply.
INSTALLATION
The backup power systems listed above require installation by a qualified electrician. If you are
comfortable with advanced wiring, you may be able to do this yourself. Otherwise, you can contact your
local electrician. We include full step-by-step instructions for a successful installation. Time will vary from
a few hours to a few days depending on the complexity of your system.
CUSTOM BACKUP POWER SYSTEMS
Energy Alternatives engineers custom built backup power systems. Please contact us to further discuss
your backup power requirements. We will help you determine your exact requirements and provide a
customized power system tailored to your needs.
Order by phone or online
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Packaged Systems - Backup Power
XPOWER PORTABLE POWER PACKS
These systems are simple to operate, ready to go - ideal for simple backup power
requirements. These are popular, economically-priced power systems for those
customers looking for a simple and portable solution.
XPOWER300
XPOWER1500
Xpower 300 Watt portable backup power system
Xpower 1500 Watt portable backup power system
ADVANCED BACKUP POWER SYSTEMS
These systems are custom-designed to supply the power you need. The main component is a Power
Panel that consists of inverter, fuses, and safety disconnects. The systems are hardwired into your
electrical system, often connected to a sub-panel that contains all the essential loads you wish to operate
in the event of a power outage.
BACKUP SYSTEM # 1
• 1.5 kW continuous, 3.5 kW surge capacity.
• 5.76 kWh (220 amp hours @ 24 Volt) battery storage capacity.
This system will operate loads such as lights, TV, stereo, computer including laser
printer, fax machine, microwave, furnace fan, small water pump, refrigeration and
freezing-but not all at once.
BACKUP SYSTEM # 2
• 3.6 kW continuous, 7.0 kW surge capacity.
• 17.28 kWh (675 amp hours @ 24 Volt) battery storage capacity.
This system will operate similar loads to system #1 but with three times the inverter capacity (3.6 kW),
allowing you to run up to three large items at the same time. Washing machines, furnaces, microwaves,
and water pumps can all be run without worry of overloading the inverter.
BACKUP SYSTEM #3
• 5.5 kW continuous, 11.0 kW surge capacity.
• 23 kWh (450 amp hours @ 48 Volt) battery storage capacity.
This is a large and powerful system, with 5.5 kW of continuous power surging to 11 kW. This system will
keep most loads in a home or small business operating (with the exception of large electric heater loads
such as hot water tanks, electric stoves, and electric heaters). The pure sine wave output allows you to
power the most sensitive electronics without a worry.
GENERATOR SYSTEMS
Please see the Generator section on Page 89.
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Packaged Systems - Grid Intertie
SOLAR ELECTRICAL PACKAGES FOR LOCATIONS WITH UTILITY POWER
Solar power isn’t only reserved for those living off the grid. If your power is supplied by a local power
company and you wish to generate some electricity from solar, look no further than the systems on this
page. These systems convert the sun’s energy into electricity, which is fed into the same electrical power
grid you draw power from.
Local utilities are becoming more enlightened and / or legally required to accept power from customers.
Many utilities are not used to the idea of purchasing power from small users such as yourself. Your local
utility will have various rules and regulations for grid intertie. Your local Energy Alternatives dealer can
help you with this process.
FOUR GOOD REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD INSTALL A GRID INTERTIE SYSTEM
1. Backup power (feeling like your power grid is a becoming more unreliable)? A grid intertie system
can generate power and reduce your electrical bill when the grid is working. In the event of a
power outage, this same system will keep your lights on, your freezer freezing, your business
operating.
2. Reduce greenhouse gasses - Kyoto commitment. In most parts of Canada new electrical generation capacity is being fueled by natural gas. Don’t let the name fool you: natural gas is a fossil fuel
that contributes to global warming, is in finite supply and offers unpredictable costs.
3. Save money. However, if financial savings are your sole consideration you should first consider
efficiency, which is always a better return on investment. Any energy you produce will go towards
reducing your power bill.
4. Be an innovator! Be the first on your block with a solar system. All your neighbours will admire
(and hopefully copy) you.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF GRID
INTERTIE SYSTEMS
Grid Intertie with battery backup:
Slightly
more
complicated
and
expensive. Most batteries do require
maintenance and have a finite lifespan.
They will also keep your lights on and
business operating when everyone else
is in the dark.
Stand alone Grid Intertie: These systems are the simplest. There are two main components - solar
panels and an inverter. The only maintenance required is keeping the panels clean. When the power grid
goes down, your system will also go down. A basic safety feature of grid intertie inverters is that no power
will be sent to the grid if the grid is not there. This prevents accidental electrocution of utility workers who
falsely presume a circuit is off.
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Packaged Systems - Grid Intertie
STAND ALONE MODULAR SYSTEM
This is a modular system that converts the sun’s energy directly into electricity. This in turn is fed backwards through your electrical system, reducing your net power needs.
This system consists of a base system including inverter, solar panels, wiring, and mounting brackets.
SMS BASE PACKAGE
• Xantrex Suntie XR Inverter.
• Safety disconnect switches as required by electrical code.
• Four solar panels.
• Roof mounting hardware.
SMS EXPANSION PACKAGE
• Additional solar panels and mounting hardware.
BACKUP POWER GRID INTERTIE
This system is similar to above, but includes a different inverter and a battery system. The energy stored
in batteries can be used to provide power when the grid is down (blackout). It can also be used in conjunction with time-of-day metering to sell power when it is most expensive.
BPGI BASE PACKAGE
• Xantrex SW 4 kW inverter, mounted on power panel.
• Safety disconnect switches as required by electrical code.
• Battery bank, including cables and enclosure.
• Four solar panels.
• Roof mounting hardware.
BPGI EXPANSION PACKAGE
• Additional solar panels and mounting hardware.
• Additional battery capacity.
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Packaged Systems - Mobile / RV / Boat Power
UPGRADE TO A PERFORMANCE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
More and more RV owners are upgrading their units to include modern solar power systems. These
systems integrate very easily with the existing electrical system. The solar panel simply charges the
battery when the sun is out, letting you run anything from a few lights to a microwave, furnace, etc.
HOW IT WORKS
A solar panel is mounted on the roof of your RV. This can be either a fixed flush-mount or an adjustable
mount. An adjustable mount will provide more power when the panel is perpendicular to the sun.
RV SOLAR KITS
Packaged systems include everything for a simple, straightforward installation. Package includes:
• Solar panel with 20 year warranty & wiring kit.
• Roof mounting kit with tamper-proof fastenings.
• Charge controller with status indicators & wire.
RV-32
RV-50
RV-64
RV-80
RV-120
RV-240
RV kit with 32 Watt solar panel, hardware, controller, wire.
RV kit with 50 Watt solar panel, hardware, controller, wire.
RV kit with 64 Watt solar panel, hardware, controller, wire.
RV kit with 80 Watt solar panel, hardware, controller, wire.
RV kit with 120 Watt solar panel, hardware, controller, wire.
RV kit with two 120 Watt solar panels, hardware, controller, wire.
OPTIONS
•
•
•
•
Inverter / charger. See our selection on Page 59 - 65.
Transfer switches. Page 86.
Performance alternator regulators.
Adjustable roof mounts. Page 37.
Please contact us to discuss your system. There are many custom power solutions available for the
mobile power market. We will be pleased to design a system for you.
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Packaged Systems - Mobile / RV / Boat Power
This illustration shows an integrated RV / Boat / Work truck
electrical system. It covers all
sources of AC or DC power.
Batteries, alternator, and solar
panels supply DC power.
The shorepower connection, generator, and inverter provide AC
power.
The inverter component has two
functions: to charge batteries from
an AC source and to provide continual AC power from either generator or shore power connection.
This diagram is for illustrative purposes only.
Please contact Energy Alternatives or your local dealer for information and to purchase your own
performance electrical system.
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Energy Alternatives Installations
Many of the systems we sell are installed by the end user. Some customers choose to have their own
electrician or a local installer perform the installation.
Energy Alternatives is a licensed electrical contractor (#86683) in the province of British Columbia. We
employ skilled electricians who have attended numerous training sessions and have lived and worked
with renewable energy systems for many years.
We have installed systems in many interesting and difficult sites throughout the years. These pages show
you a few examples of some of the systems we have installed.
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27
Energy Alternatives Installations
COTTAGER SYSTEM
This solar system was installed on a remote cottage, previously powered by a scary collection of generators, connection points, and automotive batteries. The new owners wanted an electrical system that
would provide them with safe, hassle-free power.
“ Just wanted to let you know that the system you installed is working great. I know it has
been sunny but no matter how much power we use the batteries are back to 100% by
noon or 1:00pm the next day. If you need a referral don’t hesitate to have someone call
me as I feel the service and product are top rate.” - From JF, Via Email
SALMON BEACH
Energy Alternatives is pleased to be the official renewable energy supplier for this innovative, off-grid
community located on the west coast of Vancouver Island, BC. Visit www.salmonbeach.ca for details.
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Energy Alternatives Installations
PORTABLE POWER SHED INSTALLATION
The Challenge: Our customer purchased an undeveloped remote property. Grid power was available
within a reasonable distance, but they desired independence from the power utility. Their plan was to have
two trailers on site (one for home, one for office) that they would live in while their dream home is being built
over the next few years. They needed power right away for their daily needs and for construction of their new
home. The only problem was there was nowhere to install the solar system.
The Solution: Energy Alternatives developed a portable power shed. An attractive 4x6’ shed, built with
locally harvested lumber. The design allows for easy transportation to the site. This system consists of
a Xantrex SW5548 power panel, 48 kWh battery bank (85T15’s) and a 1.5 kW solar array located 600’
away, at the sunniest location on the property.
“We fi nally started construction this week. All power is coming from
the solar system. We are running two saws, rock drills, blowers,
compressor plus the normal draw from our trailer. Even with little
charge due to the cloud cover today, the batteries have not gone
lower than 94% and are charged fully within an hour after work
stops for the day. The contractor is impressed and asks lots of
questions. Everyone likes not having a generator running. I think
that this whole construction project will use very little or no
fossil fuels for electricity.” SL - Via email
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29
Energy Alternatives Installations
WIRELESS INTERNET REPEATER
Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii), BC. This system is on a remote mountain top and powers a wireless, high speed internet service.
BC HYDRO WIND MONITORING STATION
Energy Alternatives installed and maintained this monitoring station for several years until it was dismanted with the closing of BC Hydro’s green and renewable energy division.
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Photovoltaics
Photovoltaics are the simplest form of alternative energy. There are no moving parts in photovoltaic modules and little maintenance is required. A photovoltaic converts the sun’s energy into electricity which
is either used immediately (grid intertie or water pumping) or is stored for future use (batteries). Solar
electric systems are modular, allowing you to start with a small system. As your power requirements grow,
you can easily add more modules.
TYPES OF SOLAR CELLS
Single Crystal
Single crystal silicon cells are extremely thin wafers of silicon cut from a single silicon crystal. These
are the most efficient type of silicon cells and have a life expectancy exceeding 25 years. The cells
are fragile and must be mounted in a rigid frame. You can tell it is a single crystal due to the uniform,
rounded individual cells.
Multi Crystal
Multi crystal silicon cells are also extremely thin wafers of silicon but are cut from multiple crystals grown
together in an ingot. They are similar to single crystal cells in life expectancy and fragility. However,
they are slightly less efficient than single crystal cells and require more surface area to produce a given
amount of electricity. These types of cells are usually square and will have a varied appearance.
Amorphous Silicon(a-Si) Solar Technology
Amorphous silicon cells are made by depositing a micro thin layer of silicon directly onto a sheet
of stainless steel. Because amorphous absorbs light more efficiently than its crystalline counterpart,
the amorphous solar cell thickness can be 100 times less, thereby significantly reducing cost of materials. By utilizing a flexible, stainless steel
substrate and polymer-based encapsulates, products utilizing this technology can be very lightweight, flexible, and durable. No parts are broken
during shipping and units are easy to transport to remote rural areas, thus
saving on shipping costs.
Spheral Solar™
Spheral Solar™ technology is a revolutionary solar electricity technology breakthrough that provides
an extremely versatile and cost-effective method of generating solar electricity. The result of over 40
worldwide patents, this unique proprietary technology comprises thousands of tiny silicon spheres,
bonded between thin flexible aluminum foil substrates to form solar cells which are then assembled into
durable, lightweight modules that can be applied to virtually any surface.
As of the time of this catalogue, these cells are not yet commercially
available.
New Technologies
Innovative new technologies that will allow us to capture energy from the sun will undoubtedly be hitting
the market in years to come. Energy Alternatives is constantly reviewing new technologies.
How to Choose
There are many different considerations when selecting a specific type of solar panel. Energy Alternatives only sells PV modules that have an extensive, proven track record and a solid company backing
the product. Generally speaking, the larger the module, the better the cost per watt. Crystal type panels
are most common for stationary applications. Amorphous cells are approximately twice the physical
size as crystal type cells but are much more durable and shade tolerant. Their unique construction
makes them virtually unbreakable.
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Photovoltaics
SUNSHINE AND SHADING
PV modules produce electricity in proportion to the amount of sunlight falling on them. In full overhead
or “peak” sun (1000 Watts/m2) they will produce their rated power. Reduced sunlight caused by clouds
or location will diminish the amount of electricity generated. Modules will produce electricity even when
there is no direct sunlight. A cloudy sky with an occasional blue patch will often be equivalent to
approximately 50% peak sun. A cloudy day with rain in the forecast will produce approximately 10% to
20% peak sun. Reflected sunlight from snow or water can also increase the output of solar panels.
It is very important to note that shading even one cell of a module will reduce the output of the entire
module. The only exception to this found in the Uni-Solar modules which have built-in diodes between
the cells to reduce the effect. However, it is better to mount solar modules so shading is avoided.
TEMPERATURE
It is a common misconception that heat is required for PV modules to produce electricity. High
temperatures actually decrease the power output. Warmer climates require PV modules with a higher
maximum voltage than those used in cold climates. Cold temperatures decrease resistance and
increase voltage. Modules with a lower voltage rating are ideal in colder climates such as Canada.
SIZE AND COST
There are two primary factors that determine the size of your solar array:
• The daily power consumed by your electrical loads.
• The sunlight levels (insolation) available at your particular location.
INSOLATION
Insolation or sunlight intensity is measured in peak sun hours. A full sun hour is equal to the amount of
sunlight striking the earth in one hour when the sun is directly overhead in a clear sky. Bright sunshine
hours do not equal peak sun hours. Bright sunshine first thing in the morning or just before sunset is not
the same as bright sunshine at noon from a PV module’s perspective.
The lower the sun is in the sky, the more atmosphere the light must pass through. Water molecules
and other gases in the atmosphere reflect and absorb some of the light passing through it, reducing
the insolation. Smog or other pollutants will also block or reflect sunlight. Most of the sun’s energy is
delivered between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. when the sun is highest in the sky.
LOCATION - GETTING THE BEST SUN
Your PV array is a valuable investment. To achieve the best performance from your array it should be
aimed in the direction of the most sunlight and angled correctly for the season. The array should be
adjusted to the latitude plus or minus 15° from summer to winter for optimal output. If your mounting
structure is not seasonally adjustable the modules should be mounted to achieve maximum output
during the period of highest usage. For example, if you use your cottage during the summer months
your array should be angled accordingly.
PV modules should always be aimed in the direction where they receive full exposure to sunlight. In
areas with little or no shading, modules should face true south (not magnetic). True south is calculated
by using the magnetic declination information for your site (available on most maps) and adjusting
your compass accordingly.
New technology allows for PV arrays to be located much further away from the battery bank. If your
site dictates a longer transmission distance, please contact your local dealer or Energy Alternatives
for design details.
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Photovoltaic Products
Kyocera (pronounced ‘key-oh-ser-ra’) has been manufacturing their multicrystalline solar panels since
1975 and continue to offer industry-leading photovoltaics. They produce the second largest volume of
solar panels in the world. Energy Alternatives has been selling their panels for 17 years. Our office still
makes use of some Kyocera LA51 panels, still in service after 10 years.
Kyocera’s multicrystalline solar panels boast a 14% efficiency, 25 year limited warranty, and offer nine
different configurations to choose from. Modules are encapsulated between a tempered glass cover and
an EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) pottant with PVF back sheet. Bypass diodes are installed across every
18 cells in a series to provide some protection from partial shading. With high quality mounting systems
and junction boxes, these panels are very popular.
KC167G
KC120
KC80
KC70
KC60
KC50
KC40
Kyocera 167W, 7.2A, 23.2V PV Module, 51”x39”
Kyocera 120W, 7.1A, 16.9V PV module. 56”x26”
Kyocera 80W, 4.97A, 16.9V PV module. 39”x26”
Kyocera 70W, 4.14A, 16.9V PV module. 34”x26”
Kyocera 60W, 3.73A, 16.9V PV module. 30”x26”
Kyocera 50W, 3.0A 16.7V PV module. 25”x26”
Kyocera 40W, 2.48A 16.9V PV module. 21”x26”
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Photovoltaic Products
You likely already know the Sharp name for consumer electronics like TVs, and microwaves. It is a
trusted, reliable brand that has been around for over 90 years. What you may not know is that Sharp is
the world’s leader in photovoltaics. Last year they shipped more modules than the second and third place
companies (Kyocera and BP) put together. It’s only recently that they have launched their products in the
North American market. In 2003, Sharp opened a 20 MW solar PV production facility in Memphis, Tennessee.
As the world’s leading manufacturer of Photovoltaics, Sharp produces both single and multi-crystalline
solar cells. These cells are incorporated into an extensive line of high-power modules for every electrical
power requirement. Based on the technology of crystalline silicon solar cells developed over the years,
these modules have superb durability to withstand rigorous operating conditions and are suitable for use
in most solar systems.
SHARP SOLAR MODULE FEATURES
• Bypass diodes minimize the power drop caused by shade.
• Textured cell surface to reduce the reflection of sunlight.
• BSF (Back Surface Field) structure to improve cell conversion efficiency.
• White tempered glass, EVA resin and a waterproof file, plus aluminum frame provides
reliability and durability.
• Choice of Junction Boxes: Integrated wire leads with MC connectors or standard.
• CUL and UL1703 certification. Built in ISO 9001 facilities.
SH185
SH165
SH123
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Sharp 185W, 5.1 A, 36V single crystal PV module. 62x32.5”
Sharp 165W, 4.7 A, 36V multi crystal PV module. 62x32.5”
Sharp 123W, 7.2 A, 17.2V multi crystal PV module. 63x30.7”
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Photovoltaic Products
Uni-Solar produces extremely durable, efficient, and adaptable modules. These modules are known for
their ability to operate in partially shaded conditions, making them ideal for installations where partial
shading is hard to avoid - such as sailboats and RVs. Available in a rigid aluminum frame or in a flexible
mat-style format, these modules are unique in the market.
These modules are considered unbreakable, as compared to crystal type panels with their rigid glass
construction. The image below on the right shows a US64 panel that was shot several times by someone
frustrated that the panel was too high to steal. It reportedly worked at 80% of its original capacity with
several gunshot holes in it!
Unique to UniSolar is the triple junction silicon solar cell. Each cell is composed of three semiconductor
junctions stacked on top of each other. This allows the cells to absorb red, blue, and green light and is
the key to their higher efficiency.
BUILDING-INTEGRATED (BIPV)
UniSolar also manufactures solar panels that emulate conventional roofing materials in design, construction, function, and installation. These modules are composed of the same triple junction technology
attached to high quality building materials such as structural roofing panels, architectural roofing
panels, and shingles. These products are available today by special order and promise to revolutionize
the utilization of solar technology. Instead of an external fixture, they become part of the building.
US64
US42
US32
USF32
US21
US11
USF11
US5
USF5
64W, 3.88A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Aluminum Frame. 54”x30”
42W, 2.54A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Aluminum Frame. 37”x30”
32W, 1.94A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Aluminum Frame. 54”x15”
32W,1.94A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Flexible. 56”x17”
21W, 1.27A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Rigid Frame. 37”x14”
11W, 0.62A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Aluminum Frame. 19”x15”
11W, 0.62A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Flexible. 22”x17”
5W, 0.3A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Aluminum Frame. 19”x8”
5W, 0.3A, 16.5V amorphous PV - Flexible. 22”x10”
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PV Mounting Products
Once you have selected solar power as the best option for your electrical needs, it is necessary to choose
a mounting structure. The first step is to select the location of your PV array. The ideal location is an area
receiving full sunlight exposure, and as close as possible to the location where electricity will be used
or stored. There are several options for mounting PV modules. There are two main types: roof and pole
mounts.
Roof Mounts
Roof mounts are the most popular choice for locations that have a suitable roof. The modules are
located above most objects that would cause shading problems and the large roof surface makes it easy
to attach the mounting structure. A roof mount also locates the modules out of the way and out of sight,
reducing the possibility of vandalism or theft.
Ground Mounts
Similar to the roof mounts, these structures mount on the ground, typically on concrete footings. These
mounts are usually taller than a roof mount, to avoid grass and shrubs blocking the sun. Ground mounts
are easy to install and provide easy means of seasonal angle adjustment at ground level.
Pole Mounts
Pole mounts are easy to install and allow the array angle to be adjusted after installation. The mounting
frame fits on a length of schedule 40 pipe (available locally at any metal shop) set securely in a concrete
form in the ground.
Tracking Racks
There is no question that moving your panels throughout the day to follow the sun will notably increase
the energy produced. An ideal use for an old-style satellite dish is converting it into a low-tech tracking
unit for the project types. Zomeworks and Wattsun offer factory assembled tracking racks that have
proven to be a popular choice. A fixed rack will require less maintenance than a tracking rack.
Air Circulation
All PV mounting structures must provide good air circulation around the modules. Air circulation
provides natural cooling for the modules and increases efficiency by allowing them to operate at lower
temperatures. If the site where your array will be mounted receives high winds, you must ensure the
back of the modules are not exposed. High winds and northerly winds during the winter can create
uplifting forces strong enough to seriously damage your array. Spacing your modules a few inches apart
decreases the likelihood your array will be damaged by the wind.
Snow
In regions with heavy snowfall, an array should be installed where snow can be easily brushed off. A
pole mount allows snow to slide off easily. If modules are tilted at an angle of 45° or more then a few
sunny days will usually melt snow off the array.
36
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
PV Mounting Products
GROUND / ROOF MOUNTS
Energy Alternatives designs and manufactures our own line of mounting products, allowing us great flexibility to design a rack that is perfect for your site.
How to select your mount
Instead of a constantly changing, hard to understand list of part numbers we make ordering these mounts simple:
Example: RM4-SH185 is a roof mount for 4 Sharp 185 Watt modules
RM
Roof Mount
GM
Ground Mount
xx
Number of modules
xxxx Module Type
POLE MOUNTS
These are often used at locations where there is not a suitable roof space available. Single pole mounts
can hold as many as 12 panels. They can be mounted in pretty much any soil type (including rocks). Taller
pole mounts provide an extra level of security for the solar panels.
How to select your mount
Example: TPM6-KC120 is a roof mount for 6 Kyocera 120 Watt modules
TPM
Top of Pole Mount
SPM
Side of Pole Mount
xx
Number of modules
xxxx Module Type
TRACKING RACKS
Energy Alternatives carries a full line of tracking racks manufactured by Zomeworks, Wattsun, and UniRac. Please contact us with your site information and we will advise the best tracking rack for your application. Please note these are special order so please allow extra time for delivery.
SECURITY HARDWARE
Concerned about theft of your solar panels? There are a few options. The most obvious solution is to
mount the solar panels where they are difficult to access. If this is not possible, or you wish another layer
of security, consider the Energy Alternatives security hardware kit. This kit includes specialty fasteners,
removal tool, and locking compound.
SEC-HW
Security hardware kit - includes fasteners for 1 pv module, removal tool, lock compound
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
37
PV Installation Accessories & Safety
Photovoltaic panels produce electricity, and if not installed properly can cause damage to person or property. Depending on the size and configuration of your array potentially lethal amounts of electricity will be
present. Use the products below for a safe, code-compliant installation.
COMBINER BOXES
These are used to facilitate the interconnection of multiple strings of PV modules. Each string has its own
fused disconnect as per Canadian Electrical Code.
TCB 6 / 10
These combiner boxes use slow blow fuses and are available in 6 or 10 positions.
TCB-6
TCB-10
TCBF-5
TCBF-8
TCBF-10
TCBF-15
TCBF-20
Xantrex Combiner box - 6 PV inputs
Pulse Combiner box - 10 PV inputs
Xantrex Combiner Box Fuse, 5A
Xantrex Combiner Box Fuse, 8A
Xantrex Combiner Box Fuse, 10A
Xantrex Combiner Box Fuse, 15A
Xantrex Combiner Box Fuse, 20A
PSPV
Manufactured by Outback power, these combiner boxes accommodate up
to twelve breakers.
OBPSPV
OBPV-6
OBPV-10
OBPV-15
OBPV-30
Outback PV combiner box, up to 12 circuits
Outback breaker for PSPV - 6 amp
Outback breaker for PSPV - 10 amp
Outback breaker for PSPV - 15 amp
Outback breaker for PSPV - 30 amp
LIGHTNING ARRESTOR
Install one or more on your system to help reduce the impact of a lightning strike - either direct or nearby.
These are recommended for installations in lightning prone areas. They can be used to protect various
components of your system.
LA-302-DC
LA-302-AC
Lightning Arrestor, DC
Lightning Arrestor, AC
GROUND FAULT PROTECTION
The US NEC requires this protection on PV modules installed on the roof of a residential building. It is not
currently required in Canada, but will likely be added to the CEC in the near future.
PVGPF-1
PVGPF-2
PVGPF-3
PVGPF-4
OBGFP/2
38
Xantrex PV Ground Protection Fault protector - 100A
Xantrex PV Ground Protection Fault protector - 200A
Xantrex PV Ground Protection Fault protector - 300A
Xantrex PV Ground Protection Fault protector - 400A
Outback DC Ground Fault Protection system for one or two arrays
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Solar Thermal Systems
Over a horsepower of energy per square yard falls on your roof on a sunny day. You can capture this
energy to heat your domestic hot water using a number of different methods.
If your motivation is to use alternative energy to save money on your fuel costs, this is the first place
to start. There are many possible ways to use solar hot water. In general, anything that requires water
to be heated can benefit from solar energy. Some projects make sense, some do not. Pool heating and
domestic hot water are the most common uses of solar thermal and offer the most appealing return
on investment.
In a solar hot water system, heat from the sun is transferred directly to water or a glycol mixture
circulating in a collector. There are two types of circulating systems in common use: the open-loop
and the closed-loop.
CLOSED-LOOP
A closed-loop system circulates a water and glycol mixture through the collector, where it absorbs heat.
It then passes through a heat exchanger, where it transfers the heat to the water in a storage tank or
a pre-heat hot water tank. The pre-heat tank becomes the cold water supply for an existing domestic
hot water tank.
There is no need to drain a closed-loop system in the winter because the glycol mixture does not
freeze, so total hot water production will be higher than with an open-loop system. If your home is
already equipped with an electric or gas-fired hot water heater, a closed-loop hot water heater will
work the best.
OPEN-LOOP
An open-loop system circulates the solar heated water directly into the hot water tank. Customers who
use a wood stove with a water jacket in the winter may easily add a solar collector to use the sun for hot
water in the summer. This system is the simplest to install, but it must be drained in freezing weather.
THERMOSIPHON OR PUMP
A thermosiphon occurs when the hot water tank is located above the collector. Heated fluid has a
lower density than cold fluid. Natural convection causes the heated liquid to flow into the water tank.
This system is most similar to the hot water coil found in many wood or oil stoves and requires no
circulation pump.
A thermosiphon system is often not practical especially if you want your collectors mounted on the
roof. This configuration requires a circulation pump in the system. This type of pump draws very little
energy and is often powered by a small solar electric module. When the sun is shining, it is heating and
pumping water. A solar electric powered circulating pump means no complicated differential controllers
are required.
COLLECTORS
There are many different collectors used in solar domestic hot water (SDHW) systems. The most
common is the flat plate grid collector. This is a series of pipes connected to a top and bottom manifold.
These collectors are usually glazed and insulated. Typically a 4 ft x 10 ft (1.2 m x 3 m) collector will
produce as much energy in full sunlight as a 2kW hot water tank element.
The simplest and least costly form of circulating heater is a rubber tube mat connected between two
header pipes. These collectors are unglazed and uninsulated. They are usually used for swimming pool
heating but are also used seasonally for domestic hot water. These are the least efficient form of water
heater and the least expensive.
No form of solar hot water heating will be 100% effective in the Canadian climate. For cloudy periods
a backup water heating system is required. If you have an existing electric or natural gas hot water
tank or wood stove, your backup is in place. Solar water heaters may be used for space heating. In
space heating systems the solar heated water circulates through a radiator or pipes laid in the floor
of the area to be heated.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
39
Solar Thermal Systems - Solar Boiler
The solar boiler is a state-of-the-art solar water-heating appliance. Designed to pre-heat the domestic
water that is supplied to your conventional water heater, it can result in remarkable cost savings.
Installation is easy and it is maintenance free. The installation package contains all the necessary
hardware and complete instructions. You can install it yourself, have your local Energy Alternative
dealer install, or if you are already renovating chances are your contractor may take care of this.
All parts of the system are built to demanding specifications, employing the latest solar technology for
maximum performance. The solar boiler is manufactured from readily-available components, ensuring
lower costs and reliability. The solar collectors are constructed of aluminum, copper and tempered
glass. The assembly incorporates the MICRO-FLO® absorber, a continuous tube with only two
connections for effortless installation.
A - Solar Thermal Collectors
These panels absorb the sun’s heat energy
and transfer this energy to liquid.
B - Solar Electric panel
This panel produces electricity that operates
the circulation pump.
C - Insulated Pipe
This transfers the heat energy from the solar
collectors to the storage tank.
D. Solar Boiler Module
Heat exchanger, pump and control
mechanism.
E. Solar Storage Tank
This tank adds additional storage capacity
to your system (optional).
F. Conventional Tank
This is your existing hot water tank that
works in conjunction with the solar panels to
guarantee you will have plenty of hot water,
even on cloudy days.
SB32-9PV
SB64-9PV
40
SolarBoiler 32 complete system with 4x8 collector, tank, control, PV module, etc.
SolarBoiler 64 complete system with 4x8 collectors, tank, control, PV module, etc.
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Solar Thermal Products
SUNWELL
Designed and manufactured in Delta, BC. This product is a three-season passive solar water heater that preheats water before it reaches your current hot water heater. Due to its simplicity in design, any home or business
can take advantage of the savings it offers. This unit can reduce your hot water heating expenses by up to 50%.
During the summer, the SunWell solar water heater can provide almost all of your hot water, and in the spring and
fall it will pre-heat the hot water. By connecting directly to the incoming water supply line, it avoids the need for
pumps, controls, wiring, and heat exchangers. This simplifies the system and reduces the cost.
The SunWell can provide most of your summer hot water requirements. In the spring and fall, the SunWell preheats water, which is then topped-off by your existing hot water heater. This guarantees your hot water will be at
a constant temperature. The less your current heater works, the more money you save. If you currently have a
dwelling with no hot water at all, this unit can work as a stand alone hot water system. Also ideal for those with a
woodstove hot water system, which is only used in the winter months when space heating is required.
SW200
SunWell 35 Gallon 3x8’ Batch Water Heater
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
41
Solar Pool Heating
Heating pool water in the summer can easily cost as
much as heating a house in the winter. Solar pool heat is
extremely cost effective when compared to the lifelong
escalating costs of heating a pool with fossil fuels.
Energy isn’t going to get cheaper over time.
Solar pool heating uses inexpensive and rugged
unglazed collectors which are very efficient at moving
heat from the sun into your pool water.
Significant greenhouse gas reduction results from this
method of pool water heating. Emissions saved equal
those produced by operating an average automobile for
a year.
HOW IT WORKS
The system is sized for your particular pool and site conditions. An average system includes six or eight
4 x 12 collectors. The collectors are large unglazed mats or panels which are installed on a nearby roof
or on the ground. Sensors are placed in the water and on the array of collectors to determine when
heat is needed and when it is available.
When heat is needed and available, a
motorized valve diverts pool water to the
collectors. A large volume of water is warmed
by a few degrees by each pass through the
array. When the water is warm enough, the
valve closes and water returns to the pool.
INSTALLATION
We have a network of installers that can
facilitate professional installation of your
system. Many systems can be installed by the
handy person with some extra time on their
hands.
SPH-4x8
SPH-4x10
SPH-4x12
SPH-PPK
SPH-SPK
SPH-BPK
SPH-SPLPK
SPH-MAN-CON
SPH-HM4000-KIT
SPH-SS-AG-ECO
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4x8 Sunsaver Solar Pool Heating Collector
4x10 Sunsaver Solar Pool Heating Collector
4x12 Sunsaver Solar Pool Heating Collector
Panel Pack, includes hardware for collector installation, one per panel
System Pack, hardware for system installation, one per system
Bank Pack, per additional bank of panels
Split Pack, to split panels around skylight, chimney, etc..
Manual Solar Control Valve
Heliotrope 4000 Automatic Controller Kit with electric valve and sensor
Sunsaver economy above ground pool heating kit
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Wind Energy
Wind energy has been used for centuries, for grinding grain, pumping water and generating electricity.
Small wind turbines were an important source of electricity for rural families in North America in the
1920s and 1930s. Wind energy faded into the background with the rural electrification efforts of the
1940s and the development of reliable small engine generators.
Today, we are seeing wind gaining tremendous popularity in generating significant amounts of power
both off-grid and as a source of energy for large utilities. European countries are leading the way in wind
generation while Canada generally lags behind. Alberta has an established base of large-scale wind
generators. Downtown Toronto now has a commercial-scale turbine - see www.windshare.ca
HOW IT WORKS
Wind turns the blades of the turbine which spins a
shaft within the turbine structure. The shaft drives
a generator to produce electricity. The electricity is
either used or stored in batteries.
TYPES OF WIND GENERATORS
There are many different types and styles of wind
generators. Many of the older, multi-blade units as
seen on farms across the nation generate mechanical
energy, often used to pump water.
Small-scale units (under 3 kW): used to charge batteries or direct use (such as pumping water). We
feature a selection of small scale units on the following pages.
Medium sized units (up to 50 kW): used in a grid-intertie environment to generate power and feed it to
the utility grid. Energy Alternatives designs and installs medium scale units. Due to the nature of these
projects, each system requires a detailed assessment prior to quotation or ordering products. Please
contact us for further information.
Large-scale units (megawatts): large, towering units that cost millions of dollars and generate power
to run hundreds or thousands of homes or businesses. Generally suited to large utilities and power
co-operatives.
WIND AND PV
In many Canadian locations, a wind turbine is an excellent supplement to a solar electric system. Small
wind systems are often combined with photovoltaics because seasonal variations in wind and solar
resources are complementary. Most places in Canada do not have adequate wind to use as a primary
power source. Locations such as the prairies that have constant prevailing winds are most suited to wind
power. Contrary to popular belief, coastal areas do not always provide the best source of wind power the winds are not as constant and predictable as those on the prairies.
BATTERY SIZE
Wind is a variable resource. The winds may be calm for a week or more, but when it does become
windy it often blows very hard, most notably in the winter. For this reason wind energy systems usually
require a larger battery to take advantage of the energy when it is available and to store it for extended
calm periods.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
43
Wind Tower Design
MAINTENANCE
Unlike photovoltaic modules, wind turbines have moving parts. Periodic maintenance of bearings,
brushes and shafts is required. It is important when installing a wind generator to consider how easy it
will be to access the generator and conduct maintenance.
Towers are a critical component of wind power systems. Proper location and height of your tower
is necessary to get maximum energy from a wind turbine. Improper tower design or installation may
result in personal injury, property damage or a damaged generator. It will also likely result in less-thansatisfactory performance from your wind turbine.
You should be completely familiar with the installation procedures before you begin. Safety equipment
should be used at all times. Check your local building department for bylaw or zoning restrictions for
towers.
TOWER HEIGHT
Wind generator operation is dependent on the quantity and quality of the wind hitting the blades.
Turbulent wind will reduce the power output as the turbine swings back and forth hunting for the wind.
The unequal stresses caused by turbulence and the variation in wind speed between the upper and
lower blades of a wind turbine installed too close to the ground will reduce power output and wind
turbine life.
Wind speed increases rapidly with tower height. Doubling tower height increases the available wind
power by about 40%. It is often more economical to install a higher tower rather than purchasing a
larger generator. A wind generator should be installed a minimum of 33 feet (10 meters) above any
obstruction within 330 feet (100 meters).
TOWER CONSTRUCTION
Guyed towers are economical and are able to withstand very high winds if properly installed. They
require a fairly large area of cleared land around the tower to facilitate the installation of the guy lines. To
supply the desired amount of support and keep the stresses on the tower to a minimum, the guy lines
should extend as far as possible around the tower to a maximum radius of 80% of the tower height.
Guyed towers may be either lattice towers or tubular towers. The tubular towers are frequently designed
for tilt up installation. They have the advantage of easy installation and turbine maintenance.
Self-supporting towers are the least visibly intrusive wind turbine towers. They can be installed in
rough terrain with a minimum of cleared area. Very small wind turbines may be installed on a short
self-supporting tubular tower, but larger turbines require a lattice tower.
GROUNDING
Tower grounding rods and wire provide lightning protection and assure a low resistance path to ground.
The grounding wire should be straight, without sharp angles.
44
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Wind Energy
WHAT YOU NEED FOR A WIND SYSTEM
Wind
•
Wind generation is dependent on the quality and quantity of the wind hitting the blades. The better
the wind you have, the more power you will generate.
•
The power available in wind increases by the cube of the wind speed - if wind speed doubles,
power output increases by eight.
•
Turbulent wind (from obstructions, geographical features, etc.) will reduce the power output as the
turbine swings back and forth hunting for the wind.
A Good Site
•
The higher a turbine, the more power is generated, the better quality the wind.
•
A wind turbine should be at least 40 ft above any object within a 400 ft radius. Note there are often
exceptions to this rule depending on your site.
•
It is often more economical to install a higher tower than purchasing a larger turbine.
•
Space. Generally locations with an acre or more will be suitable. Most urban locations will not
permit you to install a wind generator in your yard. A guyed tower requires 1/2 the height of the
tower as a radius at a minimum for location of anchor points. Space is also required for ground
assembly and erection of the tower. Lattice towers require less surface area, but are more complex and expensive to install.
GET THE DATA
Measuring Wind
There are three primary ways of determining how much wind is available on your site:
1. Installing an anemometer:
•
The most accurate way to determine wind speed.
•
Can take several years of readings and some expensive equipment to compile accurate data unless you plan on spending $15 000 or more on a wind energy system, this is usually not a
necessary step.
•
Inexpensive anemometers can be read manually on a daily or weekly basis - a minimum of 3
months of data should be recorded and correlated with another source of wind data for a small
wind generator.
•
Some people install a small wind generator and use it as an anemometer if they are planning for
a much larger installation.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
45
Wind Systems
GET THE DATA (CONTINUED)
2. Using existing data:
•
Local airport or meteorological stations.
•
Universities, colleges and radio stations.
•
There may be some data from government sources, but unless a weather station is nearby the
data may not be accurate for your site.
•
Wind speeds can vary a great deal within a small area, so this information should be correlated
with another method such as visual observations.
3. Visual observations (the Griggs-Putnam Index):
46
•
The simplest and quickest method of determining average wind speed is to observe the effects
on vegetation at the site.
•
If the trees or shrubs are growing with a definite slant to one direction, or only branches on one
side of the tree, you will have a very good wind site. It takes constant, prevailing winds to affect
vegetation in this way.
•
If you have a flag at your site and the flag is stiff in the wind for a few hours a day then the site is
a good candidate for wind power. Keep a log book of flagpole observations to help give you some
idea.
•
Flying a kite is a lot of fun and lets you get to know the wind at your site and offers you some
predictions as to what height of tower will be best for your site.
•
If there is another wind turbine in your area, track down the owner or person responsible and they
will more than likely be willing to share their observations of wind patterns.
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Wind Products - Bergey
Bergey Windpower is the world’s leading supplier of small wind turbines. These turbines are very
durable, long lasting and trouble free. Bergey turbines let homeowners and businesses generate
their own clean power and even spin their utility meter backwards. Common uses are off-grid
homes, rural electrification, and to boost the performance of solar electric systems. They feature an
unprecedented 5-year warranty (industry leading) as well as a wide variety of turbines to suit any
application. Each turbine has a unique selection of controllers, designed for battery charging, water
pumping, grid intertie and high voltage options.
The XL.1 turbines are stock units for fast delivery. Excel units are custom-built to your site specifications.
BERGEY XL.1
This is the newest model in the Bergey line up. Rated at 1kW
with a 24.6 MPH (68 km/h), it is the smallest of the Bergey
family. Priced affordably, this is an excellent generator for
people looking for more performance and durability than the
smaller 400 Watt capacity turbines offer. Boasting excellent
low-wind performance, and super quiet operation with several
different controller options, this is a very popular turbine.
BERGEY EXCEL
For those with higher demands, the Excel lineup of turbines offer
you a very durable, long lasting and reliable turbine. It is available
with many options including controllers for battery charging, water
pumping and grid intertie and a wide variety of voltages. These units
are built to order at the factory with your application in mind. Please
contact us for exact pricing and delivery times.
XL.1
EXCEL-R48
EXCEL-R/120
EXCEL-R/240
EXCEL-S/60
TOW-XL.1/30
TOW-XL.1/42
TOW-XL.1/64
TOW-XL.1/84
TOW-XL.1/104
Bergey XL.1 Wind Turbine, 24 VDC
Bergey Excel 7.5 kW 48 VDC
Bergey Excel 7.5 kW 120 VDC
Bergey Excel 7.5 kW 240 VDC
Bergey Excel 10 kW Grid Intertie
30’ Tilt-up Tower Kit for XL.1
42’ Tilt-up Tower Kit for XL.1
64’ Tilt-up Tower Kit for XL.1
84’ Tilt-up Tower Kit for XL.1
104’ Tilt-up Tower Kit for XL.1
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
47
Wind Products - Southwest Wind
One of the leading companies in the small wind generator sector,
Southwest Wind continues to produce high quality, reliable small
wind generators.
AIR-X
A very popular small wind generator which has been completely
redesigned. There are thousands of these units installed
generating power throughout the world today, and it is a very
tough little turbine. New features include much less noise,
improved microprocessor-based controller, better bearings and
new blades. All Air Series turbines mount on a 1.5” SCH40 pipe.
There are three different models available in 12, 24 or 48 Volts.
AIR-X MARINE
The marine version uses a higher grade of stainless fastenings,
improved sealing to the environment and a powder-coated
covering designed for a saltwater environment. Recommended
for any land-based site that will experience significant salt spray
during storms.
AIR-X INDUSTRIAL
Designed for extreme, unattended environments such as repeater sites. This generator features an
external voltage controller (Xantrex C40) that allows you to “dump” this excess power to an external
heat source. It also includes stronger blades and external cooling fins to keep the generator cool during
high wind conditions.
AIR-X-12
AIR-X-24
AIR-XMAR
AIR403IND
AIRSW
TOW27A
TOW45A
Air-X 12V wind turbine
Air X 24V wind turbine
Air-X wind turbine - marine version, 12 or 24 VDC
Air 403 industrial turbine. Includes C40 & diversion load
Air shutoff / breaker switch
27’ Tilt-up tubular tower kit for Air (requires pipe & anchors)
45’ Tilt-up tubular tower kit for Air (requires pipe & anchors)
WHISPER
The Whisper series come in three different sizes - H40, H80 and H175. The number refers to the total
area swept by the wind generator (H40 = 40 square feet).
H40
The H40 is designed to operate in medium to high wind speeds (averages of 12 mph, 5.4 m/s and
greater). The H40 provides 100+ kWh per month, 3.4 kWh per day, in a 12 mph average wind speed
location. The H40, with its 7 ft. (2.1 m) rotor diameter and 40 sq. ft. swept area, is rugged enough for
extreme environments. The H40 turbine incorporates a permanent magnet brushless alternator, which
combined with Whisper’s high efficiency composite airfoil blade design delivers 900 Watts peak power
at 28 mph (12.5 m/s).
48
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Wind Products - Southwest Wind
H40 CONTINUED
WSP-H40-12
WSP-H40-24
WSP-H40-48
TOW-GP1-9K4
TOW-GP1-14K8
TOW-GP1-19K8
TOW-GP1-28K12
Whisper H40 900W, 12V 3 blade wind turbine, EZ Wire 1 (with solar)
Whisper H40 900W, 24V 3 blade turbine (without solar controller)
Whisper H40 900W, 48V 3 blade turbine (without solar controller)
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 31’(9m) 4-guy (requires pipe and anchors)
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 50’
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 62’(19m) 8-guy
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 84’(25m) 12-guy
H80
The H80 is designed for use in low to moderate wind speed averages
(less than 12mph, 5.4m/s). The bigger brother to the H40, the Whisper
H80 features a 10 ft. (3.1 m) rotor diameter and an 80 sq. ft. swept area
that provides the user with greater output at low wind speed averages. The
H80 has twice the swept blade area, providing double the potential energy
as compared to the H40. The H80 also incorporates a permanent magnet
alternator powered with an advanced airfoil, thus capturing the most energy
in its class as compared to other competitive wind turbines. At 12 mph
average wind speed, the H80 can deliver 6.3 KWH per day.
WSP-H80-12
WSP-H80-24
WSP-H80-48
WSP-H80HV
TOW-GP1-9K4
TOW-GP1-14K8
TOW-GP1-19K8
TOW-GP1-28K12
Whisper H80 1kW, 12VDC 3 blade wind turbine, EZ Wire 1
Whisper H80 1kW, 24 VDC 3 blade wind turbine (without solar controller)
Whisper H80 1kW, 48 VDC 3 blade wind turbine (without solar controller)
Whisper H80 High-Voltage 1kW, 64,150,240 VDC 3 Blade Wind Turbine
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 31’(9m) 4-guy (requires pipe & anchors)
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 50’ (requires pipe & anchors)
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 62’(19m) 8-guy (requires pipe & anchors)
Tilt-up Tower Kit for Whisper H40, H80 - 84’(25m) 12-guy (requires pipe & anchors)
H175
Serious power production for an entire home. The 3000-watt-rated turbine will deliver in excess of 500
KWH per month in a 12 mph (5.2 m/s) wind. This machine has a 14 ft. (4.26 m) rotor diameter providing
175 sq. ft. of swept area. The H175 has been redesigned, incorporating a stronger, larger yaw shaft, new
blade stabilizer straps and a third spindle bearing for increased reliability.
The H175 features a fiberglass and structural foam core blade for smooth, high efficiency operation and
low wind start-up. It also incorporates the patented “angle governor” design for quiet operation in high
winds. The H175 is an excellent machine for village power projects, farms, ranches, back-up power and
remote homes with large energy demands.
WSP-175
WSP-175HV
Whisper H175 (WH3000) 3kW, 12-48 VDC 2 blade wind turbine
Whisper H175 High Voltage (WH3000) 3kW, 64,150,240 VDC 2 blade wind turbine
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
49
Wind Products - AWP 3.6 Grid Intertie
Energy Alternatives is pleased to add this innovative new turbine to our product lineup. This is one tough
turbine. With a rotor diameter of 11.8 feet (3.6M) and a weight of 250 lbs (120kg), this is no toy machine.
It is available in 24V and 48V versions as well as grid intertie.
To say this machine is built ruggedly would be an understatement. Built in the “heavy metal school” this
unit operates in much lower wind speeds than other similar-sized units on the market. It has only three
moving parts to ensure long life with little maintenance. The simple gravity furling mechanism protects
the unit by gradually moving the rotor out of winds over 40 km/h.
Size does matter
The AWP3.6 has twice the swept area of comparably-rated machines. This means that it will capture
more wind and produce more energy, especially in low wind speeds. The AWP3.6 will give you energy in
the winds you get, day in and day out. Energy when you need it, not just in a storm.
Grid Intertie
One of the most exciting feature of this turbine is its ability to sell power to the grid without the need for
batteries! Using a uniquely designed interface, this unit connects directly to a SMA Windy Boy inverter
(a modified version of their popular Sunny Boy inverter). It has all the built in safety features required
for interconnection to the power grid.
Options
This unit is commonly available in 24 and 48 Volts. Lower (12V ) or higher voltages (for long transmission distances) are available by special order.
AWP36-24
AWP36-48
AWP36-110
AWP-CTRL
AWP-36GT
TOW-AWP43
TOW-AWP64
TOW-AWP85
TOW-AWP106
TOW-AWP127
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AWP 3.6 24V
AWP 3.6 48V
AWP 3.6 110 V
Controller and dump load
AWP 3.6 grid intertie system
43’ tower kit for AWP3.6
64’ tower kit for AWP3.6
85’ tower kit for AWP3.6
106’ tower kit for AWP3.6
127’ tower kit for AWP3.6
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Microhydro Systems
If your site has a source of running water, you simply must investigate its potential as a source of
electricity. Our experience has demonstrated that water power will produce between 10 and 100 times
more power than solar or wind for the same capital investment. Since water flows day and night, a
microhydro system requires far less battery storage than other technologies. Even if the stream is far
away, it may still be viable. Seasonal streams offer great performance when a hybrid water and solar
system is designed. When your power requirements are the highest - in the winter - the water is usually
flowing the fastest. Solar modules are most efficient when there is the most sun in the summer.
Electricity is produced from the energy in water flowing from a high level to a lower level. This change
in elevation is called “head” and supplies the
pressure which drives the turbine. “Flow”
is the other factor contributing to power
production. It is usually limited by the size
of the creek. The amount of electricity
produced is directly related to the head and
flow. If the head or flow is increased the
power output increases proportionally.
Many microhydro systems can utilize the
existing pipe used by a gravity fed water
system. A couple of sprinklers on a two-inch
pipe are the equivalent of many kilowatthours per month of microhydro electricity.
SITE CONSIDERATIONS
Many factors work together to make a successful microhydro site. In order to have optimal performance
your equipment must be neither too big nor too small. A turbine can be up to a couple of kilometers away
from where the power is being used and still be cost effective. It is far cheaper to run wire lines than it
is to extend the pipe length. Correctly-sized transmission lines and high-voltage generators can deliver
significant amounts of power a great distance with acceptable losses and in a cost effective way.
A large inverter will deliver remarkable service from a small battery-based system and save a lot
of plumbing and water handling. On the other hand, merely going a little higher up the mountain or
using larger pipes can produce enough extra power to provide space heating and eliminate batteries
altogether by generating AC directly.
If your site permits, you can have a large AC turbine with all the functionality of a 120/240 VAC fossilfuel generator running 24 hours a day, but without the noise, smell, pollution and ongoing fuel and
maintenance costs. While more expensive than a battery charging system, continuous outputs of 3
kW or more will heat a home for much of the year in addition to supplying town-lifestyle appliance
and lighting loads.
Hydro systems are very site specific. If you are calling us to get a quote for your potential system, please
have the head and flow information ready. We can do a quick estimate of your power potential with
the head and flow. To offer a detailed power prediction, we have a more detailed site survey document
which must be completed first.
Order by phone or online
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51
Microhydro Surveying
MEASURING PRESSURE
Water pressure is what produces power and must be measured carefully. Microhydro sites range from
a few pounds of pressure up to 150 PSI or more. The easiest way to measure pressure is to look at a
pressure gauge located at the lowest point of an existing pipeline. When no water is moving in the pipe
(static pressure) you can determine the vertical head by multiplying the pressure by 2.31.
If there is no pressure gauge or pipe available, survey the site the old fashioned way (see illustration
below). A rod is a stick that is eight feet long with each foot marked. Hold it straight up in the air at the
starting point. Every place that is level with the top of the ruler is also eight feet higher than the base.
Using a level, sight along to a point that is level with the top of the rod. This is also eight feet above the
starting point. Next move the rod so that you can place the bottom on the piece of ground that you marked
as even with the top before. Now, every place that is level with the top of the second setting of the staff is
16 feet higher than the starting point. Repeat as necessary. Heavy brush means setting up more often.
Add up your totals to get the elevation in feet.
Modern handheld digital altimeters can be used as a survey tool with great accuracy. Modern GPS
receivers can also provide good data depending on signal strength. (GPS needs to have a clear
view of the sky). Record the elevation at the
bottom. Move to the top, and record the altitude
again. The difference in feet is your gross head.
Repeat the process and average the results for
better accuracy. Because altimeters measure
the difference in atmospheric pressure, choose
a day when the weather is not changing
rapidly.
MEASURING FLOW
Flow is the volume of water per unit of time available to the turbine. It varies
seasonally and may vary along a creek’s length if tributaries flow into it.
Measuring the flow at different times of the year helps estimate the maximum
and minimum usable flow. Most microhydro systems use less than a hundred
gallons per minute. These flows can be measured by timing how long it takes
to fill a bucket. A hundred gallons per minute will take three seconds to fill a
five-gallon bucket. A microhydro system typically only uses a small portion of
the stream’s flow and has a very minor impact to the overall stream. Diverting
too much of the water from a stream will cause a negative environmental
impact and should be avoided.
Usually the pipe is the limiting factor in determining what flow is available. You’d be surprised how small
a stream of water even 50 gallons per minute is.
MEASURING DISTANCE
There are many different ways you can measure distance. It is a vital step, to ensure you are buying the
proper lengths of pipe and wire you need to have accurate measurements. Sizing of electrical cable is
critical to have the proper distance. For shorter runs, there are a wide variety of tape measures available
at your local hardware store. For longer distances, a hip-chain is a common tool as well. If you have a
known length of rope you can use it with the help of a friend or two to measure.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Microhydro Design
EQUATIONS
A good approximation of the power available to a battery charging micro hydro system is given by:
Hydro turbines and generators for AC only microhydro systems are more efficient, so the above power equation
needs to be modified:
EXAMPLE BATTERY SYSTEM
The total distance between where we wish to draw the water from the creek and where the turbine will be
located is 600 feet. Thus the length of the pipeline (LP) must be 600 feet long. Along this 600 foot pipeline
there is a drop in elevation of 80 feet. Thus the static head (HS) is 80 feet. The flow (F) available from the creek
is measured to be 48 US Gallons per minute.
Power generated would be approximately 219 Watts. Over 24 hours more than 5 kWh of energy would
be produced. In a nominal 12 Volt system the turbine and generator would deliver approximately 15 amps
continuously or 360 amp / hours per day.
MICROHYDRO EDUCATION
Energy Alternatives’ Online Microhydro course is based on the hands-on
experience of Energy Alternatives staff, having designed, installed, and used
microhydro systems for decades.
Everything you need to know to design and install your own microhydro
system is included, with tips on what to do and what not to do - because it
has been tried before.
Please visit www.EnergyAlternatives.ca/hydrocourse for full details.
MICROHYDRO POWER CALCULATOR
Free download from our website! This microhydro calculator allows you to
very quickly perform rough calculations as to the potential of various microhydro resources.
www.EnergyAlternatives.ca/downloads/MicroHydroCalc.exe
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
53
Microhydro Design
EXAMPLE SITES
Site 1: 50 Feet Head
Site 2: 100 Feet Head
Site 3: Longer Pipe
Vertical head = 50 feet
Vertical head = 100 feet
Vertical head = 100 feet
Pipe = 600 feet of 2 inch pipe
Pipe = 600 feet of 2 inch pipe
Pipe = 6000 feet of 2 inch pipe
Power = 80 kWh/month
Power = 235 kWh/month
Power = 85 kWh/month
Greater head = Greater power!
Even with more pipe, this is still
more economical than solar, wind.
Site 4: Spring Water
Site 5: High Flow, Low Head
Site 6: Large Site
Flow = 5 GPM
Flow = 200 GPM
Flow = 200 GPM
Head = 200 feet
Vertical head = 20 feet
Vertical head = 310 feet
Pipe = 1000 feet of 1.5 inch pipe
Pipe = 300 feet of 4 inch pipe
Pipe = 900 feet of 4 inch pipe
Power = 70 kWh/month
Power = 185 kWh/month
Power = thousands kWh/month
Spring water is generally warmer so
less likely to freeze.
Customer Profile: H.V., Remote Island, BC. Two Stream Engines working in tandem produce 30 kWh
per day. The turbines are wired for 220 VAC three phase, which is transmitted 2000’ to the home, where
it is rectified and converted to 24 VDC system voltage. A 12 year old bank of 85T15s continue to perform
well. The stream dries up in the summer and they rely on the PV panels on their home. They have
never needed a backup generator.
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Microhydro Turbines
HARRIS PERMANENT MAGNET
This unit uses a classic 4-inch Pelton-style wheel, mounted in
a powder coated aluminum housing. A new option for the everpopular Harris pelton hydro turbine is the permanent magnet
(PM) alternator. This technology offers significant advantages
over previous systems in reliability and efficiency.
The PM is a brushless alternator, which means that your
hydroelectric turbine has only one moving part. The PM eliminates the periodic replacement of brushes
that is required when using automotive type alternators. There is no regular maintenance. Bearings go
many years between changes.
HA-PM-1
HA-PM-2
HA-PM-3
HA-48V
HA-NOZZ
Harris permanent magnet microhydro generator, 1 nozzle 12 VDC
Harris permanent magnet microhydro generator, 2 nozzle 12 VDC
Harris permanent magnet microhydro generator, 3 nozzle 12 VDC
48 VDC option
Extra nozzle for Harris
ENERGY SYSTEMS & DESIGN
Energy Systems & Design has been producing microhydro turbines
since 1980. Their turbines use 4” pitch diameter bronze Turgo runners.
Brushless alternators offer many advantages including an adjustable
field to provide the most efficient output over a range of pressures and
lower maintenance as there are no more brushes requiring replacement.
It can produce over 700 kW/h per month. The Turgo design allows larger
jets and thus is used in situations that require a lot of water flow. It can
be equipped with up to four universal nozzles that are adjustable with
threaded inserts from 1/8 to a maximum of one inch.
ESD-SE-2
ESD-SE-4
ESD-HV OPT
ESD-MAN2
ESD-MAN4
ESD-LH1000
ESD-BBY1
ESD-BBY2
ESD-BBY3
ESD-BBY4
ESD-TR400
ESD-TR1000
ES&D-N
SE-MOUNT
ES&D Stream Engine - 2 nozzles
ES&D Stream Engine - 4 nozzles
ES&D high voltage option (for use with transformer pack)
2 nozzle manifold for Stream Engine
4 nozzle manifold for Stream Engine
ES&D Low-Head LH1000 - 1000W @ 10’ head
ES&D Water Baby turbine, 350 watts max - 1 nozzle
ES&D Water Baby turbine, 350 watts max - 2 nozzle
ES&D Water Baby turbine, 350 watts max - 3 nozzle
ES&D Water Baby turbine, 350 watts max - 4 nozzle
400 Watt high voltage transformer pack
1000 Watt high voltage transformer pack
ES&D extra nozzle
Custom plastic base for Stream Engine
CUSTOM TURBINES
Many custom turbines are available. Please contact us with your requirements.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
55
Microhydro Installations
Nelson, BC. This small microhydro system using water from the municipal waterworks allows for remote
operation of a main valve. This saved the village of Nelson considerable money and eliminated the need
for cutting powerline right of ways through a park.
Vancouver Island, BC. This microhydro system works in conjunction with a solar system in the summer
to provide the residents with power. 500 Watts continuous, 12 kWh per day means that they don’t need
to run the generator during winter months, saving tremendously on fuel bills.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Inverters
Inverters are a basic component of any independent power system that requires AC power. An inverter
converts DC power stored in batteries into AC power used to run conventional appliances like computers,
fridges, power tools and entertainment systems.
Inverters differ in the quality of electricity they produce. Quality can vary in waveform, frequency and voltage. The type of appliance that can run off an inverter depends on the quality of electricity converted.
JARGON
Waveform: Represents how AC electricity varies with time.
Frequency: Number of complete cycles per second of an AC current. Standard unit is Hertz (Hz).
Harmonics: Varying frequencies within one wave cycle. The more harmonics, the worse the quality of
the electricity.
Rated power: The maximum power output of an inverter.
TYPES OF INVERTERS
Commonly used inverters come in three types:
1. True Sine Wave Inverter
•
Produces electricity similar to or better than utilities.
•
Virtually no harmonics.
•
Will run any appliance - typically used to run appliances sensitive to
other waveforms like computers and electronic entertainment equipment.
•
More expensive than modified sine wave inverters.
2. Modified Sine Wave Inverter
•
Popular option with slightly compromised wave (some harmonics) at
a lower cost.
•
Approximates a true sine wave with low harmonics that do not cause
problems with household equipment.
•
Main disadvantage is peak voltage varies with battery voltage. Inexpensive electronic devices with no regulation of power supply may
behave erratically when battery voltage fluctuates.
•
Not all modified sine wave inverters are created equal. A high quality
modified sine wave inverter such as the Xantrex DR series will run
99% of loads without a problem.
3. Grid Intertie Inverter
•
Designed to “sell” power back to the utility when there is a surplus.
•
Certified products available off the shelf and easy to use.
•
Available with or without batteries depending on your needs.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
57
What to look for in an Inverter
Surge Capacity
• Allows the inverter to deliver enough power to start large electric motors such as pump motors
or power tools.
•
Most inverters will deliver two or three times their continuous rated power.
Idle Current
• Power used by an inverter even when no loads are turned on.
• Fixed amount that is always present as a load on your battery when your inverter is turned on.
• Some inverters have a search mode which reduces idle current by turning the inverter on and
off every second to search for a load.
Battery Charger
•
Many inverters feature a built-in battery charger - allows battery to be charged by an AC power
source like a generator or the utility.
•
Crucial if inverter is used as a back-up power system.
Efficiency
• Modern inverters can achieve efficiencies as high as 95%, typically operating above 85% at
full power.
• True sine wave inverters are usually less efficient than modified sine wave inverters. Overall
efficiency may be similar due to energy lost in the harmonics of a modified sine wave.
Chargers / Transfer Relay
• Transfers generator or grid to inverter power fast enough to allow electronics to function on an
uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
• Most of the electronic equipment at Energy Alternatives Head Office is operated from a Xantrex
SW Inverter for uninterrupted power usage during power failures and brownouts.
Stacking
• Stacking two inverters together allows them to produce double their rated capacity as efficiently
as 220 VAC power.
•
Enables you to operate large loads like power tools and deep well pumps.
GENERATORS AND INVERTERS
•
•
•
•
Generators and inverters are an ideal match - small jobs are tough on a generator.
An inverter operates small loads (like lights and computers) or intermittent loads (pumps, power
tools and microwaves) more efficiently than a generator.
A generator drinks almost as much fuel for light duty as it does for heavy duty.
With an inverter, the generator can operate as a battery charger eliminating the need for the
generator to run continuously - when the generator is off, loads are powered by the inverter taking
energy from the batteries.
Battery and Inverter Subsystem vs. Generator
• AC power is available 24 hours a day with the flick of a switch.
• Generator can be run for battery charging and direct AC power when convenient.
• Generator operation is made much more efficient and capacity is better utilized.
• Energy costs are lowered because generator run time is reduced.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Xantrex SW Plus Inverter
Xantrex is one of the world’s largest inverter manufacturers with their head office based in Burnaby,
BC. Through a series of acquisitions they represent products under the following brand names: Trace,
Statpower, Heart Interface, Cruising Equipment and more.
Energy Alternatives is proud to be a master Xantrex distributor and we stock an extensive lineup of their
products for fast shipping to you at excellent prices.
XANTREX SW PLUS
The new SW Plus inverter/charger builds on the extremely successful and popular SW series inverters.
Designed to provide homes with a completely independent power supply, the SW Plus 2500, 4000
and 5500 Inverter/Charger Series combine an inverter, battery charger and dual transfer switch in
one package.
Available in 24 and 48 Volt versions, the SW Plus Series offers continuous power output of 2.5, 4.0 and
5.5 kW. The SW Plus provides AC power for household appliances and DC power to charge batteries.
As part of an off-grid renewable power system, it converts all forms of renewable energy into utility
grade household power.
The SW Plus can also be used as part of a backup power system to automatically provide AC power
when utility power fails. For supplementary power, the inverter/charger can be combined with the
optional Generator Start Module (GSM) to automatically start and stop a generator, based on user
needs. To save on utility bills, the SW Plus can also be programmed to switch to battery power from
utility power during peak-rate periods.
Product Features
• Huge surge (inrush current) capacity – up to four times rated output for starting large loads.
• High capacity, multi-function battery charger provides accurate four stage re-charging and
maintenance.
• Smart Energy Management system controls utility and/or generator usage.
• Non-volatile memory provides the SW Plus with the ability to save customized settings.
SWPLUS2524
SWPLUS2548
SWPLUS4024
SWPLUS4048
SWPLUS5548
SWP-ACCB
SWP-DCCB
SWP-ICM/25
SWP-ICM/50
SWP-ICS
2.5 kW, 24 VDC sine wave inverter, 70A charger, transfer relay, Flash ROM
2.5 kW, 48 VDC sine wave inverter, 40A charger, transfer relay, Flash ROM
4.0 kW, 24 VDC sine wave inverter, 110A charger, transfer relay, Flash ROM
4.0 kW, 48 VDC sine wave inverter, 60A charger, transfer relay, Flash ROM
5.5 kW, 48 VDC sine wave inverter, 75A charger, transfer relay, Flash ROM
AC conduit box for SW Plus
DC conduit box for SW Plus
Inverter Control Module - remote 25’ cable
Inverter Control Module - remote 50’ cable
Inverter Stacking cable - series
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
59
Inverter Products - Xantrex Sinewave
XANTREX XS SERIES
Offering superior quality sine wave output, the Xantrex XS400 is designed to power sensitive electronic
systems in boats, RV’s, and off-grid homes. Its clean utility-grade output does not produce noise and
distortion on TVs, VCRs, DVDs, stereos, computers or other sensitive electronics. The Xantrex XS400 supplies
up to 400 watts of continuous power and with a surge rating of 800 watts, it
can power complete entertainment systems including two 27” televisions. With
its robust electronic design, the Xantrex XS400 also includes a built-in transfer
switch that automatically transfers between inverter power and incoming AC
power. The inverter comes standard with dual AC outlets and AC hardwire
connections that increase installation options and safety.
XS400
400 W, 12V sine wave inverter, hardware + dual GFCI.
XANTREX PROSINE
The Prosine product line offers flexibility for those looking for a sine wave inverter at a great price. These
inverters are available in 12 or 24 Volt configurations, with or without integrated battery chargers. With less
than 3% total harmonic distortion, Prosine
inverters deliver true sine wave output that
is identical to AC power supplied by your
utility. This clean output makes Prosine
inverters ideal for handling sensitive loads
and improves AC equipment performance.
Expect trouble-free true sine wave
electricity for televisions, audio systems,
variable speed tools, and more. Standard
integrated information display can be
remotely mounted.
60
PROSINE1000-12
PROSINE1000-24
PROSINE1800-12
PROSINE1800-24
1.0 kW 12V inverter with hardware and transfer switch, GFCI
1.0 kW 24V inverter with hardware and transfer switch, GFCI
1.8 kW 12V inverter with hardware and transfer switch, GFCI
1.8 kW 24V inverter with hardware and transfer switch, GFCI
PROSINE20-12
PROSINE25-12
PROSINE25-24
PROSINE30-12
PROSINE30-24
2.0 kW 12V Inverter with 100A charger, hardwire & transfer switch
2.5 kW 12V Inverter with 100A charger, hardwire & transfer switch
2.5 kW 24V Inverter with 100A charger, hardwire & transfer switch
3.0 kW 12V Inverter with 100A charger, hardwire & transfer switch
3.0 kW 24V Inverter with 100A charger, hardwire & transfer switch
PRO-REMOTE
PRO-REMOTE2
PRO-CB
Remote display panel for PROsine 1000/1800
Remote display panel for PROsine inverter/chargers 2, 2.5, 3 kW
DC conduit box for Prosine
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Inverter Products - Xantrex Modified Sine
XANTREX DR SERIES
The DR series inverter/charger sets the standard for modified sine wave inverters ranging in size from 1.5
kW to 3.6 kW. The DR provides dependable power for vacation homes and is an excellent choice for use
in a workshop. This hard working inverter runs common tools and kitchen appliances without a worry. Its
high-surge capacity gives it the ability to start difficult motor loads. Once the unit is set up all functions
of the inverter/charger are fully automatic. LED status indicators provide vital information such as charge
mode, high or load battery voltage, over temperature or overload.
We have sold thousands of these inverters since they first came
on the market and they have proven themselves over and over
again in the field. Which inverter would you trust: something brand
new to the industry with a very limited installed base or an inverter
such as the DR that has proven itself already?
DR512
DR524
DR1012
DR1024
DR1512
DR1524
DR2412
DR2424
DR3624
DRCB
DRI
RC8/50
RC8/50
BTS/15
BTS/35
0.5 kW, 12V inverter with 20A charger and transfer relay
0.5 kW, 12V inverter with 10A charger and transfer relay
1.0 kW - 12V inverter with 35A charger and transfer relay
1.0 kW - 24V inverter with 17.5A charger and transfer relay
1.5 kW - 12V inverter with 70A charger and transfer relay
1.5 kW - 24V inverter with 35A charger and transfer relay
2.4 kW - 12V inverter with 120A charger and transfer relay
2.4 kW - 24V inverter with 70A charger and transfer relay
3.6 kW - 24V inverter with 70A charger and transfer relay
Conduit box for DR series inverter
Stacking kit for stacking two DR inverters. Provides 120/240 vac
Remote control for DR Inverters, 50’ cord
Remote control for DR Inverters ,100’ cord
Battery Temperature Sensor with 15 foot cable
Battery Temperature Sensor with 35 foot cable
XANTREX PROWATT SERIES
If you are looking for an economical modified sine wave inverter that does not have a charger built in, this
is the one for you. With sizes from 150 Watts through 3000 Watts, there is a unit that fits your needs.
These inverters will run most loads, but are not the best choice if you are running sensitive electronics
such as entertainment systems, electronics, etc. They are designed for light-duty occasional use. Consider the DR unit if you are needing a full-time inverter.
PW150
PW300
PW600
PW1000
PW1750
PW3000
PW225/24
PW800/24
PW1500/24
150W, 12V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
300W, 12V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
600W, 12V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
1000W, 12V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
1750W, 12V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
3000W, 12V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
225W, 24V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
800W, 24V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
1500W, 24V Modified Sine Wave Inverter
Order by phone or online
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61
Inverter Products - Grid-Intertie
Grid-intertie or Net Metering is simply the ability for individuals to produce their own power and sell it back
to the power company. Power utilities are becoming enlightened (or required legally in most cases) and
are allowing their customers to generate their own power.
There are two distinct types of grid-intertie inverters: With or without batteries. The key decision point
here is do you want your solar system to be able to provide power in the event that the grid is down? If you
wish that ability, you will require a system with batteries. The Xantrex SWPlus series and some Outback
inverters listed in the surrounding pages provide those features.
XANTREX SUN TIE XR
The Sun Tie XR inverter converts DC energy generated by a solar array directly (without batteries) into
utility grade AC power, turning any household into a solar power plant. The Sun Tie XR efficiently sells
excess power back to the utility, significantly reducing monthly electric bills. With Sunsweep™ Maximum
Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technology, the Sun Tie XR harvests the maximum amount of energy
available from the solar array as environmental conditions change.
Features
• Quiet, efficient operation, utilizing high frequency solid-state design.
• Durable construction designed to accommodate harsh environments.
• 1.5 kW and 2.5 kW continuous output models.
• LCD display shows system status, power output, AC volts, array input voltage and energy harvest.
• Standard 5 year warranty.
• Incorporates all AC and DC disconnects, PVGFP, combiner board, and the required electrical
components for a code compliant system installation, this simplifies system complexity and
reduces installation time at the site.
• Nominal 48 Volt DC input allows entry level systems as small as
four modules.
• System expansion can be accomplished at a later date by adding additional
strings of four 12V (two 24V) modules in series.
• Multiple Sun Tie XR units can be installed at a single site when the PV array
exceeds the capacity of a single inverter.
STXR1500
STXR2500
STRM
STRS
1.5 kW Xantrex Sun Tie grid intertie inverter
2.5 kW Xantrex Sun Tie grid intertie inverter
Sun Tie remote monitor with 50’ cable
Sun Tie remote rain shield for outdoor installations
OTHER MODELS
There are many other types of grid-intertie inverters available. If you have a larger
or custom application, please contact us for options.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Inverter Accessories - Xantrex
DC 250/175
For safety’s sake and to meet Electrical Code specifications, you are required to provide
a means of disconnection as well as over current protection. This product does both.
Available in 250A or 175A ratings, expandable to include a second inverter as well as
auxiliary breakers for solar / wind generators. This product comes in a powder coated
metal enclosure designed to give your installation a truly professional look and feel.
BATTERY TEMPERATURE SENSOR (BTS)
An option for all Xantrex inverters and C-series solar charge controllers, this handy
little device mounts on your battery and measures its temperature. It compensates
the charging rate based on the temperature of the batteries. Optional for DR
inverters and C-series controllers. Included in SW series inverters.
FUSES
A less expensive and more compact option to the DC250/175, this fuse provides basic protection for
your inverter. Available in 110, 200, 300, 400A sizes. Available on its own or with base and protective
cover.
TFB110
TFB200
TFB300
TFB400
TF110
TF200
TF300
TF400
110 amp Fuse and Holder
200 amp Fuse and Holder
300 amp Fuse and Holder
400 amp Fuse and Holder
110 amp Fuse
200 amp Fuse
300 amp Fuse
400 amp Fuse
BREAKERS
These breakers fit into the four knockouts on the DC250.
CD10
CD15
CD20
CD30
CD50
CD60
10 amp DC Rated Circuit Breaker
15 amp DC Rated Circuit Breaker
20 amp DC Rated Circuit Breaker
30 amp DC Rated Circuit Breaker
50 amp DC Rated Circuit Breaker
60 amp DC Rated Circuit Breaker
XANTREX 240 AUTOTRANSFORMER
This transformer allows you to power 240 VAC loads from a single 120 VAC inverter (providing the
inverter is suitably sized). It can be used in reverse to convert 240 VAC power to 120 VAC as well as to
boost line voltage for long distance installations or as a generator balancing transformer.
INVERTER CABLES
Industrial-grade welding cable with crimped and soldered lugs, available in various
sizes according to your requirements, color coded.
DC BONDING BLOCK (DCBB)
This is used inside the DC250/175 to allow secure bonding of all DC connections.
Order by phone or online
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63
Inverter Products - Outback Power
The OutBack FX/VFX series is a modular “building block”
sine wave inverter/charger that can be used for both small
and large power systems. Each OutBack inverter/charger is
a complete power conversion system including a DC to AC
inverter, battery charger, and AC transfer switch. Additional
inverter/chargers can be connected at any time in either
parallel (120 VAC), series (120/240 VAC), or three-phase
(120Y208 VAC) configurations. This allows a system to be
tailored to meet the specific power conversion requirements
of the application, both at the time of the installation and in
the future.
The OutBack FX is designed to survive harsh environments
anywhere in the world. The unique sealed, gasketed die cast aluminum chassis protects and keeps the
power conversion components cool - without requiring outside air to be blown through the sensitive electronics.
The OutBack VFX series is similar, but in a vented enclosure. Keeping the inverter cool by means of
circulation fans improves the power output dramatically.
The OutBack inverter/charger system is designed for both residential and commercial stand-alone or
back-up power applications with battery energy storage. It is designed to operate as a coordinated
system with the other OutBack products i.e. the PSDC, PSAC and PS enclosures as well as the MX60
MPPT charge controllers and MATE system controller and display. Grid-intertie versions are available as
well as non-standard voltages such as 23 VDC.
FX2012
FX2024
FX2548
VFX2812
VFX3524
VFX3648
GTFX2524
GTFX3048
GVFX3524
GVFX3648
2.0 kW, 12V pure sine wave inverter with 100A charger, sealed
2.0 kW, 24V pure sine wave inverter with 55A charger, sealed
2.5 kW, 48V pure sine wave inverter with 35A charger, sealed
2.8 kW, 12V pure sine wave inverter with 125A charger, vented
3.5 kW, 24V pure sine wave inverter with 85A charger, vented
3.6 kW, 48V pure sine wave inverter with 45A charger, vented
2.5 kW, 24V grid-intertie, pure sine wave inverter with 55A charger, sealed
3.0 kW, 48V grid-intertie, pure sine wave inverter with 55A charger, sealed
3.5 kW, 24V grid-intertie, pure sine wave inverter with 55A charger, vented
3.6 kW, 48V grid-intertie, pure sine wave inverter with 55A charger, vented
FXA
RTS
MATE
TURBO
FX-DCC, DCA, ACA cover and conduit adapters accessory kit
Remote temp sensor
System controller display for FX inverter & MX60 controller
Fan kit to cool FX series inverters - adds 300-500W
OUTBACK ACCESSORIES
Outback Power manufactures a variety of Balance of Systems (BoS) components that work together to
produce a high quality, safe and code-compliant installation. There are two main series of hardware: PS
and PS2. The PS is a full-height (36”) system that can accommodate up to four Outback or two Xantrex
inverters. The PS2 series will accommodate two Outback inverters.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Inverter Accessories - Outback
PSDC/PS2DC
Similar in function to the Xantrex DC250/175, this product offers significant advantages. It will accommodate up to three large breakers and ten smaller breakers. A physically larger unit allows more space
for larger systems.
PSDC
PSDC-100
PSDC-175
PSDC-250
PS2DC
PS2DC-100
PS2DC-175
PS2DC-250
DC disconnect enclosure without breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure with 100A breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure with 175A breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure with 250A breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure without breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure with 100A breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure with 175A breaker with 500A shunt
DC disconnect enclosure with 250A breaker with 500A shunt
PSAC/PS2AC
This is an AC enclosure that can accommodate AC input and output breakers (15 total) as well as house
options such as the X240 transformer.
PSAC
PSAC-60
PSAC-60D
PS2AC
PS2AC-50
Power System AC disconnect without breakers
Power System AC disconnect with 60A AC in/out/bypass breaker
Power System AC disconnect with dual 60A AC in/out/bypass breakers
Power System AC disconnect without breakers
Power System AC disconnect with 50A AC in/out/bypass breaker
PSMP/PS2MP
Pre-drilled, powder coated steel backplane. PSMP comes in two pieces for easy shipping.
PS2MP is a single unit, 1/2 size to accommodate two inverters.
X240
The OutBack X-240 auto-transformer is used for step-up, step-down or for generator and
split phase output balancing applications. Includes a 25 amp two pole breaker for manual
control and overload protection of the transformer and wiring. Rated up to 4kVA at 40°C
without the OutBack cooling fan kit.
X240
X-FAN
4 KW autotransformer
Autotransformer fan - increases continuous rating to 6 kW
MATE
The OutBack MATE is a complete system controller and display for both the OutBack FX and VFX
inverter/chargers and MX60 charge controller. It provides a display of the operation as well as allows
control and adjustment of the setpoints. The OutBack Mate also coordinates the
operation of the entire system to maximize performance and to prevent multiple
products from conflicting.
HUB-4/10
The OutBack HUB-4 and HUB-10 system communications managers allow the interconnection of up
to ten OutBack power conversion devices with the MATE. The interconnection creates a completely
integrated Power System that is coordinated and managed by the MATE.
Order by phone or online
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65
Xantrex DR Power Panels
Power panels are engineered, certified, professionally assembled
and tested power systems that are factory pre-assembled saving
you tremendous time in the field. Choose from a selection of
common configurations based around the inverter of your choice.
Custom configurations are always possible.
Power panels share these common features:
• Mounted on a 40x43” powder coated steel backplane.
• DC250/175 enclosure with main breakers, DCBB, 500A Shunt.
• AC Input bypass / safety fusing.
• UL 508, ETL-C/US and CSA C22.2 certified package.
• Various inverter and options configurations are possible as detailed below.
XANTREX DR SERIES POWER PANELS
Xantrex’s modified sine wave workhorse inverter. This long standing, field proven inverter with over
100,000 installations worldwide continues to be very popular. Choose from power panel options as outlined below:
PP-DR1512/S
PP-DR1512/D
PP-DR1524/S
PP-DR1524/D
PP-DR2412/S
PP-DR2412/D
PP-DR2424/S
PP-DR2424/D
PP-DR3624/S
PP-DR3624/D
Single DR1512 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Dual DR1512 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Single DR1524 Power Panel with DC 175, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Dual DR1524 Power Panel with DC 175, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Single DR2412 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Dual DR2412 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Single DR2424 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Dual DR2424 Power Panel with dual DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Single DR3624 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
Dual DR3624 Power Panel with DC 250, 60A breaker and isolation switch
POWER PANEL OPTIONS (SW & DR SERIES)
PPO-C40
PPO-DVM/C40
PPO-TM2020
PPO-T240
PPO-CD15
PPO-CD20
PPO-CD60
PPO-BC5-2/0
PPO-BC10-2/0
PPO-BC5-4/0
PPO-BC10-4/0
PPO-BC15-4/0
C40 DC charge or load controller installed, includes pre-wired 60 amp DC breaker
Digital meter with LCD display installed on the front of the C40
TriMetric 2020 with surface mount box and 10’ cable, pre-installed
T240 transformer, pre-installed in either step-up or step-down configuration
CD15DC breaker - 15A breaker installed in DC250
CD20DC breaker - 20A breaker installed in DC250
CD60DC breaker - 60A breaker installed in DC250
5’ 2/0 Battery cable pair with ring terminals and flex conduit
10’ 2/0 Battery cable pair with ring terminals and flex conduit
5’ 4/0 Battery cable pair with ring terminals and flex conduit
10’ 4/0 Battery cable pair with ring terminals and flex conduit
15’ 4/0 Battery cable pair with ring terminals and flex conduit
Many other custom options are available, including DC transformers, other controllers, monitoring, remote
controls, etc. Please contact us with your requirements
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EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Xantrex SWPlus Power Panels
These power panels are based around the new SWPlus inverters from Xantrex. New innovative designs
of this inverter allow for a much more integrated system package.
PP-SWPLUS2524/S
PP-SWPLUS2524/D
PP-SWPLUS2548/S
PP-SWPLUS2548/D
PP-SWPLUS4024/S
PP-SWPLUS4024/D
PP-SWPLUS4048/S
PP-SWPLUS4048/D
PP-SWPLUS5548/S
PP-SWPLUS5548/D
2.5 kW, 24V 120V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
5.0 kW, 24V 120/240V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
2.5 kW, 48V 120V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
5.0 kW, 48V 120/240V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
4.0 kW, 24V 120V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
8.0 kW, 24V 120/240V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
4.0 kW, 48V 120V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
8.0 kW, 48V 120/240V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
5.5 kW, 48V 120V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
11.0 kW, 48V 120/240V power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
67
Power Panels - Outback
Outback’s innovative products are available on a factory pre-assembled power panel. This provides you
with a complete, no hassle installation. There are so many options available for these panels we have
only listed the common options here. If you are looking for a larger capacity or special requirements such
as three phase, please contact Energy Alternatives or your local dealer for advice.
Outback power panels share these common features:
• Powder coated backplane - PSMP is 36x50” and will accommodate up to four Outback inverters.
• PS2MP is 20x44” and will accommodate up to two Outback inverters.
• PSAC or PS2AC - AC enclosure with bypass breakers as needed for your configuration.
• PSDC or PS2DC - DC enclosure main disconnect breaker, Negative and Positive bus bar, Shunt.
• Mate system controller and display. Can be mounted on the power panel or remotely.
• Dual inverter units have X240 transformer installed for optimal performance.
• Hub units as required.
PP-VFX2012/S
PP-VFX2012/D
PP-VFX3524/S
PP-VFX3524/D
PP-VFX3648/S
PP-VFX3648/D
2.0 kW, 12V, 120 VAC power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
4.0 kW, 12V, 120/240 VAC power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
3.5 kW, 24V, 120 VAC power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
7.0 kW, 24V, 120/240 VAC power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
3.6 kW, 24V, 120 VAC power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
7.2 kW, 48V, 120/240 VAC power panel, AC&DC Conduit boxes with breakers
OPTIONS
PPO-MX60
PPO-GFP/2
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MX 6- controller and fusing, pre-installed
DC Ground Fault Protection system for one or two solar arrays, pre-installed
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Batteries
Batteries are the heart of an independent power system. They store electricity for use at a later time
when a charging source is not available. They also provide a reserve of available energy to run loads that
require more power than that provided by the renewable energy source.
Batteries wear out and must eventually be replaced. Regular monitoring and maintenance will extend the
life of your battery and save you money.
Batteries don’t just die; they are murdered
How you use and maintain your battery bank will have a direct relationship to their lifespan. The deeper
you discharge these batteries, the shorter their lifespan will be. A battery bank that is too small will tend
to be discharged deeper. Your battery bank is a long-term investment. Consider how you might want to
expand the system in the future.
TYPES OF BATTERIES
Getting the right battery for the job is a critical step in designing a reliable renewable energy system.
1. Starting battery
• Includes automotive batteries, 8D, 4D “cat batteries”.
•
A poor choice for a renewable energy system, will have a very short life, poor performance.
•
Designed to provide a brief, high current for engine starting.
•
Not designed for deep discharge applications - this causes rapid deterioration.
2. RV / Marine “Deep Cycle” batteries
• Includes group 24 or group 27 battery, sold in hardware, automotive and marine stores.
•
A poor choice for a renewable energy system, lasting only a season or two.
•
A compromise between engine starting batteries and deep cycle batteries.
•
Will not withstand repeated deep discharging - even through their label claims to be “deep cycle”
3. Motive power deep cycle batteries
• Includes golf cart, floor scrubber and forklift batteries.
•
Used to provide energy for electric vehicles like golf carts and forklifts.
•
Durable, have good storage capacity and are cost effective.
•
Golf cart batteries will typically will last 4 to 6 years; forklift batteries can last 15 to 20 years.
4. Stationary batteries
• Includes UPS batteries, telephone company batteries, standby power.
•
Poor choice for most renewable energy systems - not designed for frequent deep discharges.
•
May be suitable for use in microhydro systems to store reserve energy for peak load demands.
5. Sealed batteries
• Includes AGM (Absorbent Glass Matt) or Gel cells.
•
More expensive than liquid filled batteries.
•
Require no maintenance, tolerate low temperatures, do not produce corrosive gasses.
•
Good at remote sites where maintenance is not possible and cold weather prevails.
•
Precise charge control is critical, low tolerance for over-charging.
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69
Batteries
TEMPERATURE
•
Ideally the battery bank should be maintained at a constant temperature.
•
Must be protected from the cold. Battery capacity is significantly reduced as temperatures
decrease.
INSTALLATION
•
Sufficient protection from west coast weather can be achieved by placing the batteries in an insulated box adjacent to the building.
•
In colder parts of the country, it is ideal to have the batteries inside a heated building.
•
Batteries must always be located in a sealed and ventilated enclosure when mounted inside a
building.
BATTERY CARE
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•
Keep terminals clean and tight.
•
Keep batteries charged - storing them in a discharged state will shorten their life.
•
An equalization charge every 3-6 months will restore capacity to a battery bank.
•
Avoid discharging your batteries below 50% - this shortens their life considerably.
•
Inspect cells every three months for water loss.
•
Fill only with distilled or reverse osmosis purified water.
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Battery Products
GLOBAL YUASA FORKLIFT BATTERIES
Global batteries are heavy duty, deep cycle, forklift cells. They are ideal for larger independent power
systems. Tubular type plates firmly hold the active materials in place ensuring a long service life. The
cases and covers are made of impact resistant polypropylene for durability. The long life expectancy of
these cells easily makes up for the slightly higher cost. Generally, they cost twice as much as golf cart
batteries yet their lifespan is four times that of a golf cart battery. It is not uncommon for these batteries
to last over 20 years! To make handling easier, we recommend our painted plywood boxes with
handles. Each box holds two cells and comes with welded interconnects for greater reliability.
85T11
85T13
85T15
85T17
85T19
85T21
85T23
85T25
85T27
45T-13
45T-15
45T-17
45T-19
45T-21
45T-23
45T-25
2 Volt - 665 amp hour; 1.5 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 800 amp hour; 1.8 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 930 amp hour; 2.0 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 1065 amp hour; 2.3 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 1200 amp hour; 2.6 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 1330 amp hour; 2.9 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 1465 amp hour; 3.2 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 1595 amp hour; 3.5 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 1725 amp hour; 3.8 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 21” tall
2 Volt - 420 amp hour; 0.9 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
2 Volt - 495 amp hour; 1.1 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
2 Volt - 565 amp hour; 1.25 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
2 Volt - 634 amp hour; 1.4 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
2 Volt - 705 amp hour; 1.55 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
2 Volt - 775 amp hour; 1.7 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
2 Volt - 845 amp hour; 1.86 kWh @ 72 hour discharge (per cell) - 14” tall
6 VOLT BATTERIES
Commonly known as golf cart or floor scrubber batteries these are an economical battery for
smaller systems. Sold in pairs for 12V systems, fours for 24V system and eights for 48V systems.
Interconnection cables are required for series/parallel connections. Typical life expectancy is 5 years.
GC220
220 Ah @ 20 hr 6 Volt Deep Cycle Battery, 1.44 kW/h each cell
L-16
350Ah @ 20 hr 6 Volt Deep Cycle Battery
BATTERY ACCESSORIES
85T-BOX
Painted plywood containers, holds two Global-Yuasa cells, with carry handles
BATBOX
Custom sealed and ventilated battery box - indoor use. Includes vent hardware
MAINT-KIT
Includes filling jug, distilled water, baking soda, rubber gloves and safety goggles
BC20-2/0
20” 2/0 battery interconnection cable
BC8-2/0
8” 2/0 battery interconnection cable
PV-12
12 Volt power vent battery box ventilator
PV-24
24 Volt power vent battery box ventilator
SCI-BD-2
Battery Desulphator
Order by phone or online
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71
Batteries - Sealed
AGM (ABSORBED GLASS MAT)
AGM batteries are extremely popular for small, remote systems that may operate in unattended sites.
They are particularly well suited to extreme cold or warm temperatures. An AGM battery uses plates
that are separated by an absorbent fiberglass mat that is saturated with acid. Their sealed nature allows
them to be installed in any position without the need for a sealed and vented battery box. They have a
much shorter self-discharge rate than gel or liquid electrolyte batteries. AGM batteries are capable of
handling substantially higher charge rates and discharge rates than gel type batteries.
AGM-1255
AGM-1270
AGM-1290
AGM-12120
AGM-12150
AGM-12200
AGM-06220
AGM-06375
12V 55 a/h (20hr) AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
12V 70 a/h (20hr) AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
12V 90 a/h (20hr) AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
12V 120 a/h (20 hr) AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
12V 150 a/h (20 hr) AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
12V 200 a/h (20 hr) 8-D style AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
6V 220 a/h (20 hr) Golf cart style AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
6V 375 a/h (20 hr) L16 style AGM Sealed Lead Acid battery
GEL CELLS
Gel cells offer very long cycle life, but remember to set all chargers and regulators to the special Gel
setting. Do not mix Gels with other batteries. Choose AGMs for higher capacity, quick charging, support
of high loads with little voltage drop and high tolerance for cold conditions. Please contact us for details
on gel cells for your application.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Battery Chargers
Battery chargers are used to charge batteries from an external AC electricity source - typically a generator. Some sites may use shore power or grid power. Many inverters have built-in battery chargers which
are generally the best value. If you are shopping for a new inverter and require battery charging as well
you should consider buying an inverter with that function built in.
External chargers are used for systems that do not have battery charging built on, or require additional
charging power. If you have a large battery bank and a large generator, you may find you can make use
of additional battery chargers, reducing the running time of your generator.
MULTI-STAGE CHARGING
Modern, high-capacity battery banks use multiple stages in the charging process to bring your batteries
to a full, proper charge.
Bulk: This is the first stage of a battery charge cycle. The voltage of the battery is the lowest and the
charger will deliver its highest current to the battery. The current will remain constant until the voltage
rises to the maximum voltage as per charger settings.
Absorption: The second stage. Once a battery has reached its peak voltage, the charger will begin
reducing the current as needed to maintain the voltage at its peak level. With generator charging, you
want to do as much of your charging as possible at the bulk or early absorption stages.
Float: When the absorption stage is complete, the charger will kick into float mode. In this mode, only a
trickle power is being delivered to the battery, which is considered fully charged.
Equalization: is a controlled overcharge of the battery. This stirs up the electrolyte and dislodges some
sulphation which may have occurred during periods of discharge. Do not attempt this on sealed batteries!
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73
Battery Chargers
IOTA ENGINEERING
These are extremely cost effective power supplies / battery chargers. They can be used as a DC power
supply with no batteries if desired. No special filters are required for radios and stereos. They operate
at a wide range of input voltages and frequencies and still maintain full power output and constant
voltage. Iota chargers automatically taper the charge current as batteries reach full charge. A manual
jumper allows you to choose between 14.2 VDC charging and 13.4 VDC for float service. An optional
IQ-4 adapter turns this unit into a smart, 3-stage charger. Solid state electronics and lightweight ferrite
transformers are used to achieve a remarkable 86% charging efficiency. Iota chargers currently do not
offer an equalization charge feature.
DLS-15
DLS-30
DLS-45
DLS-55
DLS-75
DLS-15/24
DLS-25/24
DLS-40/24
DLS-15/48
DLS-20/48
IQ-4
15A, 12V Adjustable 13.6, 14.2 VDC
30A, 12V Adjustable 13.6, 14.2 VDC
45A, 12V Adjustable 13.6, 14.2 VDC
55A, 12V Adjustable 13.6, 14.2 VDC
75A, 12V Adjustable 13.6, 14.2 VDC
15A, 24V Adjustable 27.2, 28.4 VDC
25A, 24V Adjustable 27.2, 28.4 VDC
40A, 24V Adjustable 27.2, 28.4 VDC
15A, 48V, Adjustable
20A, 48V, Adjustable
3-Stage Charger Module for DLS chargers
XANTREX TRUECHARGE
Truecharge multistage battery chargers are microprocessor controlled for fast and accurate charging
of all deep-cycle batteries. A wide AC input voltage range enables proper delivery of a full three-stage
charge, even when charging from less than perfect quality shorepower or generator power. Smart
features, such as adjustable temperature compensation and independent settings prevent battery
damage due to overcharging and also help extend the life of expensive batteries. All Truecharge battery
chargers come with a one year warranty.
Common Features:
•
•
•
•
•
Microprocessor controlled, multi-stage charging
Settings for sealed or flooded batteries
Automatically cycles through full cycle every 21 days
Charges multiple battery banks
Equalization settings
TC-10
TC-10TB
TC-20+
TC-40+
TC-TRC
TC-REMOTE
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10A Battery Charger, multistage, with clip leads
10A Battery Charger, multistage, hardwire, two bank charging
20A Battery Charger, multistage, three bank charging
40A Battery Charger, multistage, three bank charging
Battery Temperature Sensor
Remote display for TC chargers
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Charge Controllers
Do you need a charge controller – the simple answer is yes! Charge controllers are devices used to
protect batteries from damage due to overcharging. They limit the voltage and current delivered to a
battery by solar, wind or microhydro generation.
CHOOSING A CHARGE CONTROLLER
Modern day controllers with sophisticated microprocessor-based circuitry have all but replaced the older
on / off type controllers. When choosing a charge controller for your system keep in mind that you may
want to expand your charging capability in the future. A larger controller may be a wise investment.
Rated Current
This is the current that the controller is able to regulate on a constant basis. Make sure to be on the safe
side and estimate on the large side when choosing a controller.
Load Controller
This function allows an auxiliary load to be turned on and off according to battery voltage. Depending
on how you wire this, it will allow an unattended site to completely shut down during low voltage
conditions to protect the battery or can shut off only non-essential loads.
Load Diversion Controller
Allows excessive current to be diverted to an auxiliary load such as a resistive heating element. This
style of controller is essential on hydro and some wind systems that require a constant load on the
generator.
Lighting Controller
Some controllers offer the ability to control the operation of a light in addition to its function as a charge
controller. Great for small, independent lighting systems.
Equalization
Some controllers have built in equalization features that can be operated automatically
or manually.
Battery Temperature Sensor
The use of an external battery temperature sensor will enable the controller to adjust the
voltage of the charge based on the temperature of the battery. This ensures your battery
will get a proper charge year round.
Display
Many controllers offer either an integrated or external information display. It is good to
know how well your system is performing.
DUMP LOADS
Some energy sources such as microhydro and wind must maintain a constant load on
the turbine regardless of the battery state of charge. These systems make use of a
diversion type controller and must find somewhere to “waste” the energy. Air heaters or
water heaters are common ways to make use of a bit of extra power.
HL-100
HL-75
WHE12/24
WHE24/48
Air Heater Load - 30/60A @ 12V; 30A @ 24V; 15A @ 48 V
Air Heater Load - 20A @ 12V; 40A @ 24V ; 20A @ 48V
Water Heater Element - 25/50A @ 12V; 25A @ 24V
Water Heater Element - 30/60A @ 24V; 30A @ 48V
Order by phone or online
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75
Charge Controllers
XANTREX C12
One of the most feature-rich small system controllers available. This unit will operate as a solar
controller, load controller, and lighting controller all in one. It will regulate up to 12A of solar charge
current, disconnect loads up to 12A when the voltage reaches a programmed set point. It will also
control the operation of lighting - adjustable operation from 2-8 hours of run time, dusk till dawn, etc.
XANTREX C35 / C40 / C60
These are the most popular charge controllers we carry. Field
proven through thousands of installations across the world. These
chargers are economical and feature rich providing good value for
your money.
C12
C35
C40
C60
CM
CM/R50
CM/R100
12A, 12V controller with load and lighting control
35A, 12/24V Charge Controller or Load Controller or Diversion Controller
40A, 12/24/48V Charge Controller or Load Controller or Diversion Controller
60A, 12/24V Charge Controller or Load Controller or Diversion Controller
Faceplate DVM for the C40
Remote DVM for the C40 with 50 foot connector cord for remote installation
Remote DVM for the C40 with 100 foot connector cord for remote installation
SCI MARK 15 / 22
This is a cost effective, flush mount, battery charge controller with digital system monitoring. The MARK
series provides efficient charging while protecting the batteries from damage due to overcharging.
This controller is designed for use in mobile or stationary photovoltaic energy systems, with complete
system monitoring of battery voltage, solar charging current, and charge set-point calibration. Charge
mode status lights, battery condition LED bar-graph, a blocking diode, battery fuse and array fuse
are standard.
MARK/15
MARK/22
MARK/BOX
12 Volt, 15 amp charge controller with digital meter
12 Volt, 22 amp charge controller with digital meter
4x7 surface mount box for Mark controllers above
OUTBACK MX60
The OutBack MX60 Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) charge controller enables
your PV system to achieve its highest possible performance. Rated for up to 60 amps
of DC output current, the OutBack MX60 can be used with battery systems from 12
to 60 vdc with PV open circuit voltage as high as 125 vdc. The MX60’s setpoints are
fully adjustable to allow use with virtually any battery type, chemistry and charging
profile. The OutBack MX60 allows you to use a higher output voltage PV array with
a lower voltage battery - such as charging a 24 vdc battery with a 48 vdc PV array.
This reduces wire size and power loss from the PV array to the battery/inverter location
and can maximize the performance of your PV system. The OutBack MX60 comes
standard with an easy to use and understand display of the PV system’s performance.
The four line, 80 character, backlit LCD display is also used for programming and
monitoring of the system’s operation.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Charge Controllers
MORNINGSTAR SG4
The most advanced small (4.5A) controller available. Featuring advanced circuitry as
found in larger controllers. The circuit board is encapsulated in epoxy with integrated
leads for ease of installation.
SG4
Sunguard 12vdc, 4.5A PWM Controller
MORNINGSTAR SUNSAVER
These small controllers are field proven, reliable and economical. The circuits are encapsulated in epoxy
for protection from the elements and are simple to use. LVD versions feature a non-adjustable low
voltage disconnect. UL listed for installation in hazardous locations. LED status indicator.
SS6
SS6L
SS10
SS10L-24
SS10L
SS20L
SS20L-24
Sunsaver 12V 6.5A Controller
Sunsaver 12V 6.5A Controller with LVD
Sunsaver 12V 10A Controller
Sunsaver 24V 10A Controller with LVD
Sunsaver 12V 10A Controller with LVD
Sunsaver 12V 20A Controller with LVD
Sunsaver 24V 20A Controller with LVD
MORNINGSTAR SUNLIGHT
Similar in function to the SunSaver above, these units offer integrated lighting control in addition to solar
charge control. Rotary adjustment allows you to select from 10 differnet lighting control options. Test
button allows you to test the operation of your setting. Low voltage disconnect prevents over-discharge
of batteries.
SL10
SL10-12
SL20
SL20-24
SunLight 12V 10A solar / lighting controller
SunLight 24V 10A solar / lighting controller
SunLight 12V 20A solar / lighting controller
SunLight 24V 20A solar / lighting controller
MORNINGSTAR TRISTAR
Morningstar’s newest controller, the TriStar is a three function controller that provides reliable solar
battery charging, load control or diversion regulation. This controller operates in any one of these three
modes at one time. Multiple controllers may be used in the same system to provide multiple functions.
This unit will integrate into the rest of your system as it uses standardized knockout spacing. It will
directly replace a Xantrex C-series controller.
All units will operate at 12/24/48V. Integrated serial port allows connection to a computer for
programming, data logging and remote monitoring or control. Internal dip switches allow you
to choose from preset configurations. LED indicators provide basic status information. Optional
digital meter displays extensive system information. Fully protected against
reverse polarity, short, overcurrent, high temperature, and overvoltage.
TS45
TS60
TS/DM
TS/DM-R
TS/BTS
TriStar 45 A controller
TriStar 60 A controller
Faceplate digital meter for TriStar
Remote digital meter for TriStar
Battery Temperature Sensor for TriStar
Order by phone or online
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77
Meters
Having a reliable fuel gauge for your alternative energy system is essential. Knowing the status of the
batteries and charging system allows you to spot trends and problems before damage occurs. Just as you
wouldn’t mount the fuel gauge in the trunk of your car, your system meter should be located somewhere
easily visible by everyone.
VOLT METER
The most important meter in your system is a volt meter. This allows you to see, at a glance, the
approximate state of charge of your batteries. It also verifies the presence of electrical power in a circuit.
When trouble shooting a battery system, a voltmeter is very useful.
AMP METER
If you want to see how much power you are producing or using, you need an amp meter to measure
current. Amp meters display the current flowing in a circuit. An amp meter allows you to monitor the
performance of your charging equipment and to measure the power consumed by various loads. It is
also useful in tracking down phantom loads. A phantom load is a electrical device that continues to
use power even when it is “off”. Typicaly found in anything with a clock or timer, remote control, or
wall-cube power transformers.
AMP / HOUR METER
Amp / hour (Ah) meters work like a utility kWh meter. In a battery system, Ah are more commonly
used as a measure of energy than kWh. An Ah meter measures the amperes flowing into or out of
the battery and integrates this with time. They indicate the battery state of charge by displaying the
net remaining energy stored in the battery. An Ah meter is the most accurate method of recording
your battery state of charge. Because the electricity remaining in your batteries varies with the speed
at which they are discharged, true Ah meters must be smarter than those that just accumulate like a
conventional household meter that the power company reads. Modern Ah meters have sophisticated
circuitry which calculates the true power removed by the batteries by factoring in the size of the load, the
duration of the load, and the type of battery.
SHUNTS
Shunts are used to measure current. They are accurate, very low resistance resistors. They are
connected in series in the circuit you wish to measure current. A millivolt meter connected across the
terminals of a shunt will accurately reflect the current flowing through that shunt since the voltage drop
across it is directly proportional to the current. Shunts are usually installed in the negative conductor and
allow for a meter to be located up to hundreds of feet away from the batteries.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Meter Products
TRIMETRIC 2020
Our most popular system meter, the TriMetric 2020 is a sophisticated amp /
hour meter that also displays system voltage and net amps with the push of
a button. Seven other data monitoring functions provide information on battery
efficiency, battery life, minimum battery voltage, maximum battery voltage, and
more. Easily installed in a standard double-gang switch box this meter may be
located hundreds of feet from your battery. The TriMetric requires a shunt.
TM2020
TM202048V
TM-BOX
SH500
WI-16/4
TriMetric 2020 Battery Monitor 12 or 24 Volt.
48V Adapter / Lightning Arrestor for TM2020
Surface mount enclosure for TM2020
500 A 50 mV Shunt
16-4 Stranded unshielded for TM2020 meter
ANALOGUE AMP METERS
These high quality amp meters mount in a 72 mm square hole. The meter
movement is very smooth and accurate. The 30A meter has an internal shunt.
Mounting plate below mounts on a standard 2-gang electrical box.
ANA30A
0-30A Analogue meter
ANA60A
0-60A Analogue meter, includes external shunt
ANAMP
Mounting plate for double-gang box
BASIC DIGITAL METERS
Measure amps and volts with these quality, low-cost LCD digital meters. The
surface mount, plastic enclosure can be easily attached to any flat surface.
DVM11-65 VDC
11-65 VDC digital meter, basic LCD
DAM
Digital Amp meter, basic, requires shunt (SH500)
KILL A WATT
Simply plug this unit into an AC receptacle and then plug the appliance into the
meter. It will assess how efficient - or inefficient your appliance is. A large LCD
display with a count consumption by Kilowatt-hours, the same as your local utility.
You can then figure out how much that appliance will cost to operate by day,
week, month or year.
The Kill A Watt meter also allows you to check the quality of your power by
monitoring voltage, line frequency and power factor.
WATTS UP? PRO
Plug any 120 VAC appliance into Watts up? PRO and the meter instantaneously displays the wattage being used.
In addition to all the standard features of Watts up?, the Watts up? PRO
includes memory storage and the ability to download data to a computer.
The included serial cable and software program allows the data to be quickly
downloaded to a PC for creating usage charts.
Order by phone or online
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79
Wire
Wire is essential in alternative energy systems for moving the power from place-to-place. The bigger the
wire, the less resistance. The higher the voltage, the lower the current and therefore the smaller the wire.
There is a fine balance between voltage, current, distance, and economics to determine what is the best
wire for your application. Reducing voltage drop is fairly critical with PV and less critical with microhydro.
Keep in mind that if you plan to add more solar modules later it could make sense to buy bigger wire
initially. We find undersized wire the most prevalent mistake in existing systems - many of which were
installed by professionals. While it may look very neat and tidy, it may not be sized properly. It does not
pay to go cheap on wire and might prevent the proper functioning of your system.
The Canadian Electrical Code states that wires must be sized so that no more than 3% voltage drop
occurs in distribution circuits and less than a 5% drop over the entire system.
Please discuss your wiring needs with Energy Alternatives or your local dealer.
Common Wire types
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NMD
Normal household wire. Typically 14/2 or 14/3.
NMW
Similar to NMD, but waterproof.
TECK
Heavy-duty, conductors wrapped in a metal armour and then plastic. UV protected.
VNTC
Commonly used for interconnection of solar modules. UV protected, two conductor.
BC2/0-10
BC2/0-7
BC2/0-5
BC4/0-10
BC4/0-7
BC4/0-5
BC2/0-20”
BC2/0-8”
BC4/0-20”
BC4/0-8”
10’ 2/0 Inverter cable, pair
7’ 2/0 Inverter cable, pair
5’ 2/0 Inverter cable, pair
10’ 4/0 Inverter cable, pair
7’ 4/0 Inverter cable, pair
5’ 4/0 Inverter cable, pair
20” 2/0 battery interconnection cable
8” 2/0 battery interconnection cable
20” 4/0 battery interconnection cable
8” 4/0 battery interconnection cable
TC10-2
TC8-3
TC6-3
TC4-3
TC2-3
10 AWG 2 conductor UV resistant, weatherproof armoured cable
8 AWG 3 conductor UV resistant, weatherproof armoured cable
6 AWG 3 conductor UV resistant, weatherproof armoured cable
4 AWG 3 conductor UV resistant, weatherproof armoured cable
2 AWG 3 conductor UV resistant, weatherproof armoured cable
VNTC14/2
VNTC12/2
VNTC10/2
14 AWG 2 conductor, Direct Burial, UV Protected Wire
12 AWG 2 conductor, Direct Burial, UV Protected Wire
10 AWG 2 conductor, Direct Burial, UV Protected Wire
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Lighting
The ability to have bright, reliable light at any time is often the largest benefit of an alternative energy system.
Electric lights are far superior to other options such as candles, kerosene, or propane. In many renewable
energy systems, lighting is one of the larger electrical loads. It pays to use the most efficient lighting
technology. Replacing standard incandescent lights with compact fluorescents (CFLs) can reduce the
energy consumed by as much as 75% with no reduction in light quality.
EFFICIENCY TIPS
Lights used more often have the opportunity to save the most energy. Put the most efficient
lights in main rooms, desk lights, the kitchen, and the dining room. Task specific lighting is a
more efficient way of using lights. By illuminating a specific area rather than the whole room a
much smaller light may be used.
DC VS AC?
If your building is already wired for AC electricity, it is often the simplest to install an inverter
and use efficient AC lighting. There is a wider selection of AC light fixtures available at a much
lower cost due to mass production. Some very small systems or dedicated lighting systems may
benefit from running directly off DC.
There is often a mis-conception that when a light operates on DC it is efficient. Unfortunately this is not the case.
Some systems, notably RV’s use automotive bulbs which are incredibly inefficient.
COMPACT FLUORESCENTS (CFL)
Photovoltaics convert approximately 15% of the sun’s energy into electricity. Incandescent light bulbs
convert only 5% of that electricity back into light (the rest becomes heat). Compact fluorescent tubes are
four times more efficient. They produce less heat and more light.
A 20 Watt CFL equals a 75 Watt incandescent in light quality and brightness. The extra cost of
these lamps is much less than the extra solar modules required to run ordinary incandescent bulbs.
The objectionable blue glaring light and annoying flicker associated with fluorescent tubes is not a
problem with modern CFL tubes. All our compact fluorescents produce a warm light and the modern
electronic ballasts produce no flicker.
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED)
LED lighting is incredibly efficient and works well for some very specific applications such as exit lights
and outdoor sign lighting.
Order by phone or online
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81
Lighting - CFL
AC COMPACT FLUORESCENT (CFL)
Our most popular lighting options. Made by Panasonic, these lights have passed our rigorous
testing processes and are far superior in operation to the very cheap spiral-type bulbs
you may see in your grocery store. These lights are instant-on with no flicker or hesitation.
They will operate on modified sine wave flawlessly. They do not interfere with
cordless devices, and they will start when it’s cold.
PA-EFS11E27
PA-EFS15E27
PA-EFS20E27
PA-EFA14E28
PA-EFA23E28
PA-EFD14E28
PA-EFD23E28
11W AC CFL, bare bulb, replaces 50W
15W AC CFL, bare bulb, replaces 60W
20W AC CFL, bare bulb, replaces 75W
14W AC CFL, ultra compact with globe, replaces 60W
23W AC CFL, ultra compact with globe, replaces 90W
14W AC CFL, ultra compact, replaces 60W
23W AC CFL, ultra compact, replaces 90W
DC COMPACT FLUORESCENT (CFL)
We carry a selection of DC compact fluorescent lights. These are available in 12 or 24V with or
without globe. Great for small cottage systems.
DC-12-11/2700
DC-24-11/2700
DC-12-15/2700
DC-12-20/2700
DC-24-20/2700
12V 11W warm white
24V 11W warm white
12V 15W warm white
12V 20W warm white
24V 20W warm white
DC THIN-LITE
Thin-Lite Corporation has been manufacturing fluorescent lights for the RV and off-grid market
since 1969. Today, with well over ten million Thin-Lites in service around the world, these products
are top-notch, reliable and attractive.
The 190 series Hi-Tech light fixtures were developed for both efficient and attractive lighting where maximum
light is required. Anodized aluminum housings and clear acrylic diffuser lenses provide high light output on
three sides. They are designed for commercial and industrial vehicles, and for use in remote area housing,
schools and medical facilities in conjunction with alternative sources of energy.
TL-191
TL-193
TL-181
TL-194
TL-957
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8W compact fluorescent fixture with switch, single tube
15W compact fluorescent fixture with switch, single tube
20W Cool White compact fluorescent fixture, single tube
30W compact fluorescent fixture with switch, dual 15w tubes
30W compact fluorescent fixture with switch, dual 15w tubes
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Lighting - LED
CABIN LIGHT - 12 VDC LED
The cabin light is our most popular LED light for reading and small task lighting. The entire unit, including
head assembly, swivel neck and mounting box are all made of non-corrosive ABS plastic. A heavy
duty toggle switch on the front controls operation or optionally can be wired to a wall switch. There
are many different sizes to choose from. For sizing, each LED has approximately the same output
as 1 Watt of standard incandescent lighting.
LED-CLW-3
12 V 3-LED Cabin Light
LED-CLW-6
12 V 6-LED Cabin Light
LED-CLW-9
12 V 9-LED Cabin Light
LED-CLW-12
12 V 12-LED Cabin Light
LED-CLW-18
12 V 18 LED Cabin Light
LED-CLW-36
12 V 36-LED Cabin Light
OUTDOOR / SIGN LIGHTING
One excellent application of LED lighting is stand alone lighting such as sign
lighting. We have sold many sign lighting systems and, despite the high
cost of the fixture itself, the entire package cost is significantly less due to
much lower power requirements - smaller batteries and less solar charging
required. In addition, LED fixtures are much more reliable than the fluorescent
fixtures in cold weather and low battery conditions. They can also be used
to light up a yard, jobsite, or any other application that requires an extremely
energy efficient source of lighting.
LED-BBD-36
36 LED Billboard Light fixture, 12 VDC
LED-BBD-72
72 LED Billboard Light fixture, 12 VDC
LED-BBD-108
108 LED Billboard Light fixture, 12 VDC
LED-BBD-144
144 LED Billboard Light fixture, 12 VDC
LED-BBD-252
252 LED Billboard Light fixture, 12 VDC
SUNSPOT
The Sunspot is available in 6,9,12,18,24 and 36 LED configurations. It comes sealed in a weatherresistant rubber housing with a swivel positional mount. Durable, built for the weather, this light is ideal
for the outdoors. Comes with base plate to mount to a flat surface.
LED-SP-6
6-LED Outdoor Spotlight with rubber housing
LED-SP-9
9-LED Outdoor Spotlight with rubber housing
LED-SP-12
12-LED Outdoor Spotlight with rubber housing
LED-SP-18
18-LED Outdoor Spotlight with rubber housing
LED-SP-24
24-LED Outdoor Spotlight with rubber housing
LED-SP-36
36-LED Outdoor Spotlight with rubber housing
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System Accessories - Solar Converters
Solar Converters Inc., based in Guelph, Ontario, has been making top-quality, no nonsense specialized
controllers for the renewable energy industry for many years. We have always been impressed by their so-called
“black boxes” that perform small miracles that were previously unavailable. The following is a small listing of
the products that we have readily available. Custom units are always available.
DC AUTOTRANSFORMER / EQUALIZER
Many systems have some loads with a voltage different than the system voltage. Many
people make the fatal mistake of “tapping” their battery bank to achieve this. Unknown
to them, they are rapidly destroying their battery bank by creating an unbalanced
situation. We carry a wide selection of transformers that will convert your system voltage
to the needed voltage. Many different configurations available.
EQ12/24-20
EQ12/48-20
EQ24/48-30
12/24 VDC 20A autotransformer/equalizer
12/48 VDC 20A autotransformer/equalizer
24/48 VDC 30A autotransformer/equalizer
BATTERY DESULPHATOR
When batteries age and/or spend too much time in a discharged or abused state,
sulphite crystals can form on the battery plates which impede the flow of electricity.
This is the main cause of poor battery performance. It uses a sharp pulse of current
forced into the battery suddenly to “jar” the sulphite crystals and cause internal
resonances, both mechanical and electrical, to grind down the sulphite crystals that
form so they can be re-combined into the battery acid.
VOLTAGE CONTROLLED SWITCH
This is a unique controller for devices that need to be turned on and off at a
specific voltage. The most common application is a battery vent controller. Other
applications include a basic load controller, low voltage disconnect, grid intertie
controller, generator start controller, simple charge controller, etc.
LINEAR CURRENT BOOSTER
Also known as an LCB, these devices are used with PV direct applications such as water pumping.
This unit will allow a pump to start earlier in the day, run longer and pump more water. Typical
increases in daily water volume of up to 40% is common. Almost every water PV-direct water
pumping system requires one of these.
SCI-PPT-12-2
SCI-PPT-12/24-3
SCI-PPT-12/24-7
SCI-PPT-12/24-10
SCI-PPT-12/24-15
SCI-PPT-12/24-30
12V 2A Linear Current Booster
12/24V 3A Linear Current Booster
12/24V 7A Linear Current Booster
12/24V 10A Linear Current Booster
12/24V 15A Linear Current Booster
12/24V 30A Linear Current Booster
GENERATOR START RELAY
Have you ever wished you could automatically start your generator, but are unwilling to shell out many
thousands of dollars for an inverter that has this built in? Look no further. This controller will automatically start
a generator (2, 3 and 4-wire start) and shut it off once the batteries are full.
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12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
System Accessories - Circuit Protection
Proper overload protection is mandatory in all electrical systems. The fact that it’s an alternative
energy system does not change the fact that electricity can be dangerous if not properly protected.
Even a small solar panel is quite capable of delivering short-circuit current capable of melting wires,
or placing your person or property at risk.
DC FUSING
DC Circuits require properly rated fuses or breakers to protect them. Please find DC
breakers listed on Pages 63 and 65.
MX30
MX40
MX50
MX60
MX70
MX-HOLD
MX-HOLD2
30A Maxi-Fuse
40A Maxi-Fuse
50A Maxi-Fuse
60A Maxi-Fuse
70A Maxi-Fuse
Maxi-Fuse Holder, wall mount
Maxi-Fuse Holder, inline with protective cover
FB6
FB12
6 Position Fuse Block, standard automotive fuses, clear cover
12 Position Fuse Block, standard automotive fuses, clear cover
AC LOAD CENTRES
We carry an extensive line of Square-D overcurrent protection products according to your system requirements.
Order the loadcentre and breakers that you require from below.
QO403L100S
QO404L100S
QO408L100S
QO4016L100S
QO4024L100S
QO115
QO215
QO120
QO220
QO130
QO230
QO140
QO240
QO160
QO260
3 position loadcentre
4 position loadcentre
8 position loadcentre
16 position loadcentre with 100 A main
24 position loadcentre with 100 A main
1 pole 15A breaker
2 pole 15A breaker
1 pole 20A breaker
2 pole 20A breaker
1 pole 30A breaker
2 pole 30A breaker
1 pole 40A breaker
2 pole 40A breaker
1 pole 60A breaker
2 pole 60A breaker
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85
System Accessories - Transfer Switches
Transfer switches are used to switch between different sources of AC electricity. Many inverters have
transfer switches integrated. Some inverters such as the SW series allow for two AC inputs (generator
or grid power) for the most flexibility.
MANUAL TRANSFER
Used on power panels to provide input protection and a means to manually bypass the
inverter and run your loads directly from an external AC power source such as a generator.
Can also be configured as an electric brake for small wind generators.
BPE-30
BPE-40
BPE-60
30A inverter bypass breaker enclosure, indoor
40A inverter bypass breaker enclosure, indoor
60A inverter bypass breaker enclosure, indoor
AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCHES
Iota Engineering Transfer Switches provide automatic power switching between two or three separate
120/240 volt AC input sources, including grid power, generators, inverters, or all three. The ITS will sense
the presence of available supplies and automatically select the proper one. A selectable delay will allow a
generator to warm up before the load is transferred.
ITS-30R
ITS-50R
ITS-75C
ITS-100R
Iota Auto Transfer Switch, 30A, 120 VAC
Iota Auto Transfer Switch, 50A 120/240 VAC
Iota Auto Transfer Switch, 75A 120/240 VAC
Iota Auto Transfer Switch, 100A 120/240 VAC
Miscellaneous Connectors
SBCONN6-8
SBCONN4-8
SBCONN2
SBCONN2/0
PDB6
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Split Bolt Connector - use to splice large wires, and large to small. #6-8 AWG
Split Bolt Connector - use to splice large wires, and large to small. #4-8 AWG
Use to splice large wires, and large to small. Max 2 AWG
Use to splice large wires, and large to small. Max 2/0 AWG
Join 6 #6-#14 AWG wires to 1 #8-2/0 wire
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Water pumps
Water is the foundation of all life, and access to water is critical for a wide range of daily tasks in our
homes and businesses. Alternative energy is used to bring water to hundreds of thousands of people
across the world. Many developing nations are currently furiously installing water pumping systems to
solve water crises. Many remote homes or businesses do not have city water available and must use
some other form of water pumping.
There are two common forms of water pumping:
PV Direct - this is a system that has no batteries. It uses the sun or the wind to directly power the water
pump. When it is sunny or windy, the pump is working. The volume of water pumped will depend on the
intensity of the energy source. Instead of storing energy in batteries, the stored energy is in the form of
water, typically a several day supply.
Battery Powered - typically tied into an existing alternative energy system, this pump can be either DC
powered or AC powered through an inverter. These pumps will kick in whenever required and fill a pressure tank.
DC pumps are much more efficient than AC pumps. As they are run from the batteries directly, it does not
present an additional inverter load, often allowing you to run a smaller inverter. Common AC jet pumps
are incredibly inefficient.
Pressure pumps
This compact and economical pump can be used for general purpose
water delivery or will dispense on demand using the built-in 60 PSI
pressure demand switch. All 8000 Series positive displacement pumps
are self priming and will run dry without damage.
SF8000-443-136
1.6 GPM @ 60 PSI max - 12 VDC
Shurflo 2088 Series diaphragm pumps deliver reliable performance in high flow, moderate pressure
applications. They are used in a variety of transfer and dispense-on demand
applications where flow to 3.6 GPM is required.
SF2088-514-145
SF2088-474-144
SF2088-594-154
3.6 GPM @ 45 PSI max - 12 VDC, Heavy Duty
3.0 GPM @ 45 PSI max - 24 VDC
3.3 GPM @ 45 PSI max - 115 VAC
Shurflo 4000 series has dual pump heads, for a much higher volume of water.
SF4111-035
SF4211-035
Dual head pump, 12V 5.6 GPM, 45 PSI
Dual head pump, 24V 6.5 GPM, 45 PSI
Order by phone or online
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87
Pressure pumps
SHURFLO EXTREME SERIES PUMP
The Smart Sensor 5.7 is a micro-controller based variable speed pump silently
delivering over 5.5 gallons per minute and pressure up to 65 PSI. Shurflo’s Smart
Sensor precisely monitors your system’s water pressure and adjusts the motor’s
speed, thus eliminating the need for a pressure switch or accumulator tank.
SF-5901-0201
12 VDC 5.5 GPM, 65 PSI variable speed smart pump
PUMP/STAINLESS STEEL ACCUMULATOR COMBO
The most advanced system available, this fully-automatic, quiet unit pumps tasteless, odorless water
smoothly and consistently. Self-priming, corrosion-resistant and NSF certified tank. The result is longer
life, reduced cycling, smooth flow and less wear on the pump. As always, the pump can run dry without
damage.
SF-804-009-00
SF-804-009-01
SF-804-009-02
12VDC, 3.8 GPM Pump with integrated 2 gallon stainless pressure tank
12VDC, 5.6 GPM Pump with integrated 2 gallon stainless pressure tank
24VDC, 6.5 GPM Pump with integrated 2 gallon stainless pressure tank
CIRCULATION PUMPS
These tiny brushless, magnetic drive circulators can be driven by PV modules or 12 Volt batteries for
closed-loop circulation in solar water heating systems, individual space heat zones and individual loop
radiant floor loops. Use of several small pumps in a radiant floor system allows each loop to be controlled
by a different thermostat. Model SID10 is designed to be powered by a 10 Watt PV module and can
pump 2.5 gallons per minute at no head and ½ GPM at 2.5 feet of head at 17 Volt input. Model SID10B is
designed to be battery powered and has the same specifications.
EL-SID10
EL-SID10B
88
2.5 GPM, 18V (PV direct) hot water circulation pump
2.5 GPM, 12V (battery powered) hot water circulation pump
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Submersible Pump Design
For many remote homes one of the first projects is to secure a water supply. One common method
is to drill a well and install a submersible well pump. We find far too many customers with the wrong
type of pumps installed. A typical 220 VAC deep well pump is incredibly inefficient, and the pricing
is not far off a much more efficient pump. Installing a 220 pump will mean additional expenses either
for an extra inverter or transformer otherwise you will be restricted to operating
the pump from generator only.
STAND ALONE SOLAR
In this situation, the water pump is powered directly from the solar panels and fills a
reservoir. The water will either be gravity fed (simplest) or will require an additional
pressure pump to provide final pressurization. The amount of water pumped on a
daily basis is directly related to the amount of sunshine reaching the solar panels.
Storage capacity for days with less sun is achieved through having a sufficiently
sized water reservoir. Typically 3-5 days of normal use.
Stand alone systems all have provisions to connect an external power supply (such as a
generator) to provide water on days when there’s no sun or wind.
STAND ALONE WIND
Similar to the above, this system has a wind generator that supplies the electrical energy to the water
pump. The faster the wind is blowing, the more water is pumped.
STAND ALONE HYBRID
Hybrid simply means more than one energy source. A hybrid system could include solar, wind, generator
or power grid. Hybrid systems typically compliment each other. For instance, there is generally more sun
in the summer and wind in the winter in most areas of Western Canada. A solar and wind system will
work well together to provide year-round water.
CONNECTED TO EXISTING POWER SYSTEM
If the entire property is completely off grid, the well is reasonably close to the home (under 500’)
and you are intending to install an alternative energy system to provide
power to the home, often the best solution will be to operate this pump
off the home’s electrical system.
RESERVOIR VS DIRECT PRESSURE
The SQFlex systems can either fill a reservoir or direct pressurization. Reservoir
filling is a good solution for customers who have low recharge rate wells.
Direct pressurization only works for systems
that have battery storage - so the pump is able
to kick in whenever required.
Order by phone or online
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89
Water pumps - Grundfos SQFlex
In the middle of nowhere, sometimes the only things you can depend on are the wind and sun. The
SQFlex pump is fully operational from one or a combination of these energy sources. Easily installed,
SQFlex systems are tailored to meet your specific needs - local weather conditions, water-table depth
and average usage are all examined to optimize energy requirements.
THE SQFLEX PUMP
The base component of any system is the pump itself. This pump is truly
revolutionary. It will operate on an extremely wide voltage range: 30-300
VDC and 90-240 VAC. It will pump water to a maximum of 360 feet of vertical
head, 75 GPM maximum. There are many different versions to choose from
depending on your site considerations.
3 SQF-2
6 SQF-2
11 SQF-2
25 SQF-3
25 SQF-6
40 SQF-3
75 SQF-3
3 GPM SQFlex pump, helical coil, 525’ head
6 GPM SQFlex pump, helical coil, 360’ head
11 GPM SQFlex pump, helical coil, 300’ head
25 GPM SQFlex pump, centrifugal, 45’ head
25 GPM SQFlex pump, centrifugal, 90’ head
40 GPM SQFlex pump, centrifugal, 30’ head
75 GPM SQFlex pump, centrifugal, 45’ head
CONTROLLERS
Depending on the specifics of your system, choose from one or more of the
following controllers. Grundfos controllers can be daisy-chained to achieve
additional functionality.
IO 100
IO 101
CU/200
CU/200SW
Basic control unit, manual on and off
Basic control unit, for solar, wind & generator inputs
Control unit, for wind and solar applications
Float switch for CU/200 controller
ENERGY SOURCES
Grundfos SQFlex pumps can be powered by a number of means. Solar,
wind, generator, inverter, grid - you name it.
GTF55
WSP-H80HV
55 Watt thin-film PV module, 60 VDC
Whisper H80 High-Voltage 1kW Wind Turbine
INSTALLATION ACCESSORIES
PT2
PT4
GM4
WIREKIT
WIREKIT2
WIREKIT3
90
2 module pole top mount structure
4 module pole top mount structure
4 module ground mount structure
Array to array wire kit - one for each extra bank
Cable guard and connection kit - order one per every four panels
Array to controller wire kit, one per system
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Water pumps
SHURFLO SUBMERSIBLE
This pump will deliver up to 1000 gallons (3785 litres) per day from shallow wells and will pump as high
as 230 feet (70 meters). It comes complete with a water tight quick disconnect electrical connection that
does not require splicing. Housed entirely in plastic and is able to run dry without damage. It can be run
PV direct or from batteries. Field replaceable parts. Optional pump controller for use on PV direct applications.
SF-SB-9300
SF-SB-PV-CTRL
SF-SB12V-CTRL
Shurflo Submersible Pump 230’ max
Shurflo 9300 Controller for PV direct applications
Shurflo 9300 Controller for 12V applications
FLOATING PUMPS
Floating pumps are ideal for pumping from a standing body of water such as a dugout, pond, lake or a
stream. The pump is mounted on a floating platform and secured in place by either an anchor or lines to
shore. These packages are complete systems with the following included:
•
•
•
•
•
Floating pump with electrical wire and float switch
Solar charge controller and low voltage disconnect
50 feet of hose and 50 feet of rope
Pre-assembled wiring harness - plug and play
Solar panel(s) with stand and battery enclosure
LOW VOLUME
This is a one stage centrifugal pump with a permanent magnet, stainless steel shaft and continuous duty
motor. The float pump is self priming and does not have a check valve so that the water drains back when
not in use, providing freeze protection. The volume of water pumped depends on the vertical lift, the size
of your PV array and the amount of sunshine.
FP-32
FP-64
FP-120
FP-240
Floating pump kit with 32W solar PV, 1,400 GPD @ 5’
Floating pump kit with 64W solar PV, 2,800 GPD @ 5’
Floating pump kit with 120W solar PV, 5,600 GPD @ 5’
Floating pump kit with 240W solar PV, 11,000 GPD @ 5’
HIGH VOLUME
This is a continuous duty centrifugal pump powered by a 1 HP, stainless steel shaft and permanent DC
magnet motor. The pump head is made of stainless steel with a stainless steel impeller. All these features
produce unsurpassed durability and provide years of trouble free service.
FPHV-120
FPHV-240
FPHV-360
FPHV-480
Floating pump kit with 120W solar PV, 3,600 GPD @ 10’
Floating pump kit with 240W solar PV, 7,200 GPD @ 10’
Floating pump kit with 360W solar PV, 11,000 GPD @ 10’
Floating pump kit with 480W solar PV, 15,000 GPD @ 10’
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
91
Air Movement
DC CEILING FANS
Ceiling fans present a large load on smaller systems. This DC fan uses a fraction of the power required
by a typical AC fan. This 42” four-blade ceiling fan is available with oak or white painted wood blades and
a bright brass housing. The 3-speed reversible motor is controlled by infrared remote control and draws
1.2 amps at high speed, .75 amp at medium speed and .5 amp at low speed (12V). CSA/UL approved.
CFAN-WHITE-12
CFAN-OAK-12
CFAN-WHITE-24
CFAN-OAK-24
CFAN-HANGER
12V 4 blade ceiling fan 42”, white blades
12V 4 blade ceiling fan 42”, oak blades
24V 4 blade ceiling fan 42”, white blades
24V 4 blade ceiling fan 42”, oak blades
Hanging kit for vaulted ceilings
SOLAR FANS
Fans are ideal solar powered loads. Solar powered fans run when they are most needed, when the sun
is shining. High temperatures in the attic cause an increase in temperature in the living space and an
increase in energy consumption by air conditioning equipment. Forced ventilation will circulate cooler air
through the attic space and lower the temperature. They are great for greenhouses, kennels, barns and
attics where AC power is not available. The solar module runs the fan at full power in full sun and at a
slower speed in overcast weather. Operation is automatic. When the sun shines on the solar module, the
fan begins to operate.
SOLAR ATTIC FANS
The Solar Attic Fan is a simple and environmentally sensible solution that
can save you money. Powered completely by solar energy, this sleek and
efficient vent is both compact and quiet. Fully operational right from the
box, it installs easily, with no electrical wiring. Operating at 850 cfm, a
single unit can fully vent up to 1200 square feet. Place it wherever you need
improved circulation; attics, lofts, workshops, storage sheds, garages, even
barns. These attic fans are available with a flush mount solar module or
with a tiltable mount solar module.
ATTICFAN-FIXED
ATTICFAN-ADJ
Solar attic fan, 850 cfm
Solar attic fan, 850 cfm, adjustable PV mount
DC POWERED VENTURI FANS
These fans have a 3-wing blade mounted in a square steel ring frame style
venturi for easy mounting. They can be operated from battery or PV direct.
The 12” fan fits between 16” center studs and delivers approximately 500
CFM at 12 volts and 1200 CFM at 24 volts. The 16” fan fits between 24”
center studs and delivers 750 CFM at 12 volts and 1800 CFM at 24 volts.
VENT-FAN12
VENT-FAN16
92
DC Venturi fan, 12”, 12-24 VDC
DC Venturi fan, 16”, 12-24 VDC
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Generators - Honda EU Series
Most year-round renewable energy systems make use of a generator to provide the extra power required.
There are many choices for generators - gas, propane or diesel? Portable or stationary? Size? There are
pros and cons for various types of generators.
PORTABLE GENERATORS
The Honda “EU” Series generator is hands down the best small generator on the marketplace. These
little workhorses will outperform much larger generators in terms of battery charging performance in
a renewable energy system. They all feature a variable throttle to match engine speed to electrical
load. The series is powered by reliable Honda four-stroke engines utilizing patented exhaust and muffler
technology that makes these generators one of if not the quietest gas powered generator on the market
today!
THE EU1000 delivers 1000 Watts peak output and can be connected in parallel
to another EU1000 to produce 2,000 Watts. Other standard features include an
automatic internal circuit protection system, 12 VDC battery charging at 6.5 amps,
battery charge cable, one lever on/off ignition and fuel control, and sealable fuel
tank vent. The convenient carburetor float bowl drain preserves fuel and makes
transport clean and easy, the 2.3 litre fuel tank allows 3.9 hours of continuous
operation at rated load/ 8 hours continuous at 25% load, the operation is whisper
quiet - 57 dba at rated load/52 dba at 25% load, and the case is impact resistant.
THE EU2000 delivers 2000 Watts peak output. It is powered by the reliable Honda
GX100 3.5 hp, OHV, four-stroke engine. With a continuous rated output of over 13
amps, the EU2000i will operate most handheld electrical tools making it perfect
for light construction, weekend projects at the cottage, camping, boating, street
vendors, lights or as a practical home stand-by power source capable of powering
most furnace fans and sump pumps (individually).
THE EU3000 is the most advanced gas powered portable generator on the market today, with plenty of
smooth and stable electrical power and a high-tech 2 layer enclosure for sound deadening. It is powered
by an electric start GX200 6.5 hp, OHV, four-stroke Honda engine.
Other standard features include a low maintenance battery, hi-tech inverter
circuitry providing ultra clean electrical power for sensitive electronic equipment,
up to 20 hours continuous running time with reduced noise and vibration, and
convenient circuit breaker construction. Internal circuit protection is built into the
inverter, with a 12 VDC battery charging at 6.5 amps, one lever on/off ignition
and fuel control, and a large 13 litre tank giving 7.3 hours continuous operation
at rated load/20 hours of continuous operation at 25% load.
GEN-EU1000
GEN-EU2000
GEN-EU3000
GEN-HON-TACH
Honda EU1000 Generator 1 kW, Gasoline
Honda EU2000 Generator, 2 kW, Gasoline
Honda EU3000 Generator, 3 kW, Gasoline, electric start
Digital tach/hourmeter for Honda Generators
10/3-50-CABLE
50’ 10/3 cable with 30A twist lock connector
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
93
Generators
ONAN RESIDENTIAL STANDBY SERIES
These are heavy-duty, stationary generators that operate on Propane (LPG) or Natural Gas (CNG) fuels.
These generators offer extremely quiet operation - less than 70 dB(A) at 7 m (you can easily talk to
someone else standing beside the unit). Full 2-wire automatic start for integration with generator start
inverters such as the Xantrex SW series or manual remote switch.
Many remote homes already have a large propane tank that is occasionally filled by a truck. These
generators can tie into that system, bringing an end to constant hauling in of fuel.
For on-grid folks, by using one of the RST transfer switches this unit will automatically power your
essential loads in the event of a power outage.
There are over 1000 factory trained and certified Onan service dealers in North America with nationwide
warranty.
RS12000
RS15000
RS20000
RS45000
12kW LPG/CNG generator, outdoor sound attenuated enclosure, remote start
15kW LPG/CNG generator, outdoor sound attenuated enclosure, remote start
20kW LPG/CNG generator, outdoor sound attenuated enclosure, remote start
45kW LPG/CNG generator, outdoor sound attenuated enclosure, remote start
RST60
RST100
RST200
REMOTE
REM-HAR
ST26-520
60A Automatc transfer switch for RS
100A Automatc transfer switch for RS
200A Automatc transfer switch for RS
Remote control stop/start rocker switch
Remote wire harness for above, 30’
520 CCA 12V start battery for Onan generators
ONAN GENERATORS
Onan has an extensive product line of smaller generators for a variety of purposes. Choose from
many different fuel types and options such as integrated hydraulic pumps. Please contact us with your
requirements and we will advise options.
CMP25
EM5500
CMM5500
CMM70
94
Onan 2.5 kW LPG/CNG generator with muffler
Onan 5.5 kW, LPG/Gasoline generator
Onan 5.5 kW, LPG/Gasoline generator
Onan 7.0 kW LPG/CNG generator with muffler
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Refrigeration - SunFrost
Often the largest electrical load on your energy system, improving refrigeration conditions in your home
could mean major energy savings. Energy is most needed for refrigeration when the sun is shining.
The most significant gains can be made when using an energy efficient refrigerator. The number of additional solar panels it takes to power a conventional fridge makes the extra cost of the energy efficient
fridge or freezer feasible.
SUNFROST
SunFrost refrigerators are extremely energy efficient. SunFrost refrigerators keep food fresh longer
by maintaining a high humidity, which helps prevent freezer burn and wilting caused by water loss
in foods. In a conventional unit, water from food is transformed into ice on the cooling coils. The
mainstream approach to this has been to create an energy wasting defrost cycle and the use of
heating elements inside the cooling section.
The SunFrost refrigerator employs an array of design innovations to achieve its exceptionally low
energy consumption. The cooling system is on top of the refrigerator which allows the condenser
to run cooler. The insulation is 2.5 to 4.5 inches (6.4 to 11.4 cm) of polyurethane foam with no
metal supports to act as thermal bridges. The smaller compressor not only uses less energy but is
significantly quieter than conventional fridges.
These units are available by special order. Each unit is custom-built for you according to your
specifications. Options available include custom colored doors, wooden veneer or unfinished so that
you can customize it to your kitchen decor. Available in 12 or 24 VDC or 120 VAC. Time of delivery will
vary according to the workload at the factory.
RF19-AC
Sunfrost RF19 Fridge/Freezer - AC
RF19-DC
Sunfrost RF19 Fridge/Freezer - DC
R19-AC
Sunfrost R19 Refrigerator only - AC
R19-DC
Sunfrost R19 Refrigerator only - DC
F19-AC
Sunfrost F19 Freezer only - AC
F19-DC
Sunfrost F19 Freezer only - DC
RF16-AC
Sunfrost RF16 Fridge/Freezer - AC
RF16-DC
Sunfrost RF16 Fridge/Freezer - DC
RF12-AC
Sunfrost RF12 Fridge/Freezer - AC
RF12-DC
Sunfrost RF12 Fridge/Freezer - DC
R10-AC
Sunfrost R10 Refrigerator only - AC
R10-DC
Sunfrost R10 Refrigerator only - DC
F10-AC
Sunfrost F10 Freezer only - AC
F10-DC
Sunfrost F10 Freezer only - DC
R4-AC
Sunfrost R4 Refrigerator only - AC
R4-DC
Sunfrost R4 Refrigerator only - DC
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
95
Refrigeration - SunDanzer
Save on costs with SunDanzer DC refrigerators and freezers. These high efficiency refrigerators and freezers
have exceptionally low energy consumption requiring smaller, less expensive power systems.
High quality construction provides excellent reliability
and long life. Super-insulated cabinets feature 11cm of
polyurethane insulation with powder-coated galvanized
steel exterior and aluminum interior. A zero maintenance,
brushless, thermostatically controlled DC compressor
operates on 12 or 24 Volts. A patented low-frost
system reduces frost and moisture build-up for low
maintenance. These chest-style refrigerators and
freezers are easy to clean using the drain hole at the
bottom of the unit.
With thick insulation and a refrigeration system optimized
for solar, SunDanzer refrigerators and freezers provide
outstanding economical and reliable operation. Low energy
consumption is the key that allows SunDanzer refrigerators
and freezers to be cost effectively powered from solar,
wind, fuel cells or batteries. This technology allows
refrigeration in remote locations where it was previously
unavailable or prohibitively expensive.
SD-DCR165
SD-DCR225
SD-DCF165
SD-DCF225
96
SunDanzer 12/24 VDC refrigerator, 5.8 cu ft capacity (165 L)
SunDanzer 12/24 VDC refrigerator, 8.0 cu ft capacity (225 L)
SunDanzer 12/24 VDC freezer, 5.8 cu ft capacity (165 L)
SunDanzer 12/24 VDC freezer, 8.0 cu ft capacity (225 L)
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
Compost Toilets
Compost toilet units convert human waste into compost that is usable in gardens, lawns, etc. A correctly
installed and operated unit will have no odour. There are both electric and non-electric versions available. Due
to the high energy consumption of the heater element, the electric versions are not suitable for most off grid
installations. If you have a microhydro system, this is an ideal dump load.
A 24 page full color brochure is available for the entire Sun-Mar line. Please call for your free copy.
EXCEL
Long considered the standard in compost toilet performance, this is
the most popular self-contained model for residential use. Completely
re-designed in 1998. This unit is specifically designed to operate without
the use of electricity. Odorless operation is achieved by a 4” vent mounted
at the top rear of the unit which acts like a chimney. For best operation,
this vent should be as near vertical as possible. An optional 12 V fan is
a good idea if you expect heavy use or are in a location that is subject
to downdrafts. There is a 1” drain at the rear of the unit which should be
connected to a pipe that drains into an approved septic field. Rated for 2
to 3 users continuous, 5 to 7 users part time.
SM-EXCEL AC/DC
Sun-Mar Excel Compost Toilet with heater element
SM-EXCEL-NE
Sun-Mar Excel Compost Toilet - Non electric model
CENTREX
Designed to be mounted below the floor, these units allow for more discreet installation. Up to 3 low-flush
fixtures can be installed in various locations in your dwelling and all feed into the central composting unit.
Designed for 4 to 7 users full time, 8 to 10 users part time. Non-electric units have an empty heater base that
can be connected to an alternative source of heat such as hot water or dump load.
CENTREX-1000
CENTREX-1000 NE
CENTREX-2000
CENTREX-2000 NE
CENTREX-2000 A/F
CENTREX-2000 A/F NE
CENTREX-3000
CENTREX-3000 NE
CENTREX-3000 A/F
CENTREX-3000 A/F NE
TOI-2010
TOI-510+
Centrex 1000 electric, front vented
Centrex 1000 non-electric, front vented
Centrex 2000 electric, front vented
Centrex 2000 non-electric, front vented
Centrex 2000 electric, for use with dry toilet.
Centrex 2000 non-electric, for use with dry toilet
Centrex 3000 electric, front vented
Centrex 3000 non-electric, front vented
Centrex 3000 electric, for use with dry toilet
Centrex 3000 non-electric, for use with dry toilet
Sun-Mar China Small bowl foot flush toilet
Sun-Mar China Large bowl, foot flush toilet
TOI-DRY
Sun-Mar Dry Toilet with seat and hardware
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
97
SHIPPING & ORDERING
ORDERING:
• You may order by telephone, fax, email, online or letter post.
• Please always provide a telephone or radiophone number where you can be reached.
• We will contact you to confirm receipt of your order, to provide a projected delivery date,
and discuss options.
• Please let us know your required delivery (or pickup) date. We carry an extensive inventory, and
try to stock the most popular items at all times. Since this is not always possible, we appreciate
reasonable lead times for delivery.
• Freight charges are extra.
PAYMENT:
• We prefer payment by Interac, cheque or money order.
• For payments being made by Visa or MasterCard, a surcharge may be added to the invoice total to
reimburse us for the fees charged by the credit card companies.
SHIPPING:
• Please advise us if you have any shipping preferences.
• We recommend shipment by Canada Post for shipments weighing less than 30 kg (66 pounds). The
service is reliable and economical. Xpresspost service will be faster.
• A courier service of your choice is also an option for you.
• Larger shipments are made by truck transport. We have negotiated excellent volume rates with several
trucking companies, allowing us to ship products to almost any location.
• All shipments are insured for the invoice value.
• If the final delivery point is to an inaccessible point, delivery will be to the nearest freight depot.
• If you live in an obscure place, please let us know the local secrets of getting freight to you. The name
and number of a local shipping company is always appreciated.
98
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
TAXES:
• All system components (except for batteries) are exempt from PST if purchased as part of a system,
and all purchased at the same time. This includes generators.
• Any components that are not specific to an alternative energy system that are purchased at a later date
are subject to PST.
• PST plus an Enviro levy of $5.00 each must be charged on battery sales within British Columbia.
RETURN POLICY:
• Our goal is 100% satisfaction. Within two weeks of purchase, any purchase (except special order items)
may be returned for exchange or credit.
• Before making the return, please contact us for a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number.
• All returns must be in new, unused condition, and in their original packaging.
• Please ship returns freight and insurance prepaid by you.
REPAIR SERVICE:
• The products we sell are covered by the warranties provided by the manufacturers.
• In the rare event that your equipment requires repair service (warranty or non-warranty), you have the
option of obtaining service from Energy Alternatives or direct from the manufacturer.
• Please contact us for diagnosis and options regarding temporary equipment if your needs are critical.
• Terms of the warranties are in the instruction manuals, or are available from the manufacturers.
Order by phone or online
1 800 265 8898 • www.EnergyAlternatives.ca
99
100
EA Energy Alternatives Ltd.
12th Edition Renewable Energy Buyers Guide
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