ERDAS IMAGINE 2014
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
ERDAS
®
IMAGINE
2014
Product Features and Comparisons
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
ERDAS IMAGINE , the world’s leading geospatial data authoring system, incorporates geospatial image
processing and analysis, remote sensing, and GIS capabilities into a single powerful, convenient
package. ERDAS IMAGINE enables users to easily create value-added products such as 2D and 3D
images, 3D flythrough movies, and cartographic-quality map compositions from geospatial data.
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Featuring a ribbon interface and custom workflow tabs so you can consolidate your favorite tools, ERDAS
IMAGINE makes it easier to access what you need to work efficiently and productively. ERDAS IMAGINE
also provides advanced tools for parallel batch processing, spatial modeling, map production, mosaicking,
and change detection. In addition, ERDAS IMAGINE also incorporates the ERDAS ER Mapper
algorithms, many GeoMedia utilities, and implements OGC standards.
Available in three different product tiers, ERDAS IMAGINE provides an ideal solution for a broad range of
organizations and projects so everyone can achieve superior results.
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
Feature Comparison Chart
Functionality
Essentials
Advantage
Professional
Geographically connect files across viewers
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Compress imagery into MrSID, ECW and JPEG2000 formats
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Use more than 190 image and GIS data formats
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Rapidly display and roam through imagery and LiDAR
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Create and edit Shapefiles
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Create and print maps in more than 1000 different projected
coordinate systems
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Display and analyze data directly from Esri Geodatabases, Oracle® 10g,
and online services
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2D, 3D, and profile viewing of point clouds
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Virtual mosaic of imagery
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Polynomial-based rectification and reprojection of images
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Batch processing
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Easytrace ribbon, centerline and boundary feature capture
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Simple unsupervised image classification
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Parallel batch processing
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Point cloud editing in 2D and profile view
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RGB encode, filter, merge and split point cloud data
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Orthorectify images
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Advanced image mosaic into a single image or image tiles
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Interpolate surfaces with more than 50 million points
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Spatial, radiometric and spectral enhancement, including pan sharpening
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Additional unsupervised image classification methods
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Raster to Vector and Vector to Raster Conversion
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Analyze information in radar images
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Classification of point cloud data
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
Functionality
Essentials
Advantage
Professional
Perform advanced multispectral image classification and segmentation
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Perform graphical spatial modeling
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Extract information from hyperspectral imagery
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
IMAGINE Essentials®
The culmination of more than 35 years of geospatial research and software development, the ERDAS
IMAGINE suite of software is the most powerful and carefully designed product for creating, visualizing,
geocorrecting, reprojecting and compressing geospatial data.
IMAGINE Essentials, the entry-level tier of ERDAS IMAGINE, offers the basic tools for geospatial
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mapping, visualization, enhancement, and geocorrection, including enterprise-enabled access to OGC
web services and relational databases such as ArcSDE and Oracle Spatial.
At the heart of IMAGINE Essentials is the viewer, which provides multi-threaded, high-performance
interactive display and processing. The viewer displays, combines, geographically links, analyzes, and
presents imagery, point cloud, and feature data from files or OGC web services in multiple geographic
views and maps to facilitate understanding of geographic phenomena.
Key Features
Data Types and Integration
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Use over 100 data types in their native format without conversion
Import / export to hundreds of satellite, GIS, point data, and image file formats
Easy to Learn and Use
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Intuitive ribbon user interface
Extensive use of context sensitive galleries for styling, template selection and image
enhancement
Common interface used throughout the ERDAS IMAGINE suite and GeoMedia
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Context-sensitive menu display,
Dock, undock, and collapse elements in the user interface, including viewers
Customize the layout and color, create custom workflows and add quick access buttons
Bubble help and hypertext-linked help
Extensive PDF help, including ERDAS Field Guide, and various user and tour guides searchable
by keyword or by common workflow
Hundreds of user definable preferences with keyboard search and tracks changes to defaults
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Optionally use the familiar Windows file chooser and support for drag-and-drop from Windows
Explorer.
Manage and access project data through the Retriever
Save and share sessions, layouts and shoeboxes.
AutoSave
Data Visualization
The ERDAS IMAGINE viewer efficiently displays, combines, analyzes, and presents geographic data:
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Drag-and-drop data loading to the viewer
International 2-byte fonts supported
Overlay multiple feature and image data types
Turn layers, files or classes on or off
Treat multiple image layers as
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Geographical
Spectral
Real-time roam and rotation locking
User-defined projection system for data display
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Base map as aerial maps or hybrid layer available from Bing (license key required), Open Street
Maps, or user-defined
Dynamic roam using horizontal, vertical or user defined paths
Snail Trail to track roam activity
Fractional zoom, rectangle zoom, pyramid level zoom, continuous zoom and
continuous rotate
Zoom to a specific scale
Zoom to layer extent
Font-to-symbol utility
User-selectable resampling techniques
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Virtual layer stack
Multi-view linking methods
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Virtual mosaic
Arrange layers index
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Discrete, independent files
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Nearest Neighbor
Bilinear Interpolation
Cubic Convolution
Bicubic Spline
Rotation of data to user-defined, pre-defined, sensor look angle, Grid or True North
Interactive north arrow and scale bar
On-the-fly reprojection of image, RADAR, feature, and point data
Print using Map Composer templates
Area of Interest (AOI) definition
Use AOI layers for masking
Image histogram modification
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Automatic statistics calculation option
Simple brightness/contrast tools
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Save and reload multiple LUTs
Optimize available screen contrast
Quickly calculate statistics for current viewer
Define new attribute fields
Toggle thematic layer classes on or off individually
Apply color patches
Statistical report generation
Attribute-based criteria selection and display
Point-and-click attribute selection
Filtering for thematic images (Neighborhood Analysis)
Filtering for continuous images
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Standard smoothing, edge enhancement, and edge detection filters
Custom filter editor and librarian
Interpolation methods for editing image regions
General raster editing tools
Visual change detection between any data types
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Full graphical histogram contrast adjustment tool
Recode class values
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Standard, statistically-based automatic lookup tables (LUTs)
Pseudo color table editing for thematic layers
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Photography enhancements
Window extent statistics
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Piecewise linear adjustments
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Ribbonized for ease of use
Swipe
Blend
Flicker
Interactive direction swipe
Automatic Blend and swipe with fine controls over directions and speed
Detailed layer control
Inquire cursor and inquire box
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MGRS, Lat/Lon, file and map coordinate display
Drive-to capability
Measurement tool
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Point locations
Ribbonized for ease of use
Lengths, bearings, and angles
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Region grow
Height from layover, shadow tip, or shadow base
Zenith and elevation
Control of units and coordinate systems for reporting
Write measurements directly to vector attribute or on-screen annotation
Spectral profile for hyperspectral analysis
Spectral reference libraries
Spatial profile for cross-section, surface distance, and line-of-sight analysis
Surface profile for rapid isometric surface views
Point cloud profile and measurement
Direct read of LAS in planimetric, 3D, and profile
Auto-roam along a profile
Measure in 2D and profile view
View by Classification, elevation, return, RGB, and intensity
Define colors and gradients
Link 2D and 3D views, clip to 2D extent and follow 2D
3D terrain offset
Change z-scale and point size
3D views in Perspective Mode or as a TIN surface
Image Drape tool for creating perspective views on platforms supporting OpenGL
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Ellipse
Point Cloud Tools
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Cylinder lying on ground
Profile tools
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Polygonal areas and perimeters
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Rendering of DEM or any surface information as a 2.5D view
Control vertical exaggeration
Specify and save observer position and viewing geometry
Customizable backgrounds
Atmospheric effects
Draping of multiple data layers
Retention of geographic coordinates
Annotation layers
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Manually digitize objects
Objects include text, polylines, rectangles, ellipses, polygons, symbols, arcs, and points
Style editor
Freehand (streaming) polyline editor
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Assisted digitizing of boundaries, ribbons and center-lines using radiometric boundaries with hotkeys to
switch between collection modes
Vector layers
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Lock annotation rotation angle
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ESRI Geodatabase, shapefile, and ArcSDE vector data models
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GeoMedia Warehouse read and query access
Display and present as points, polygons, polylines, tics, or in combination
Select features by point-and-click, regional selection, or attribute-based criteria
Style editor, including attribute-based symbolization
Display and print all or selected features only
Zoom to selected feature(s)
TerraModel layers
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Define color palettes
Image Analyst Features
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Multiple viewers embedded into a single dialog for easy screen management
Dedicated “overview” linked window, ideal for dual monitor configurations
DirectX hardware acceleration and multi-threaded for multi-CPU support
Thumbwheels for brightness, contrast, zoom, and rotation control
Galleries for radiometric enhancement and filtering with real-time whole image preview
Percentage lookup table (ideal for 16-bit data such as IKONOS and QuickBird)
Dynamic Range Adjustment (DRA) with user definable clipping parameters
Snail trails
Flicker-free raster and vector auto-roaming with regular or user-defined search paths
Contextual magnifier (lens magnifier) and in-set viewer with in-view independent file selection
Auto-rotate images
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Grid north
True north
Sensor look angle (up is up)
Common rotation angles (45°, 90°, etc.)
Lock rotation angles with overviews
Image chipping
Snapshot view content to standard image format
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Copy view content to Microsoft Windows clipboard
Feature Counting Tool with user-customizable categories and icons
Ruler integration (Ruler 14 and 16.x)
Intelligent (sensor-specific) band combination selectors
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Session saving and loading
Jump roam to a user-selected location from overview
Research and negation tools for multi-image change detection
Automatic application of MTFC kernels
Spectral Mixer tool for predefined weighted-band combinations
Metadata insertion tool for map reports (NITF)
Improved text layout including text wrapping and in-place editing
Option to keep text horizontal to screen
Support for recent items in the gallery
Use Microsoft Windows fonts
Manipulate all map template elements
New and improved templates
Automatically insert country map
Multiple views in a map report template
Automatically update scale bars, north arrow, etc.
Improved GeoPoint tool
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Send view or map report to Microsoft PowerPoint /Word or JPEG
IMAGINE Photogrammetry Block File read
Raster Data Handling
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Direct-write everywhere using raster DLLs for IMG, ECW, JPEG2000, and TIFF (including
GeoTIFF and TIFF World).
Create an unlimited number of ECW and JPEG2000 compressed images from input images up to
250 gigapixel with either export or direct-write.
Create an unlimited number of MrSID images up to 50 MB with export; increase MrSID
compression capabilities with the IMAGINE MrSID Encoders
Enhanced TIFF, BigTIFF and JPEG file reading and creation
I/O support for terabyte-sized images
DLL extendible
Default format filtering including “All file-based Rasters” option
Multi-threaded pyramid layer and statistics generation for rapid and visually accurate
image zooming
Extensive read/write raster format support
Vector Data Handling
Extensive tools for Shapefile and coverage data rapidly viewing, creation, and editing in the viewer.
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Convert from GeoMedia warehouse to shapefile, and shapefile to GeoMedia warehouse
GeoMedia utilities for creating supporting files
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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GeoMedia warehouse read
ArcSDE and Enterprise Geodatabase vector clients
Esri shapefile, Arc coverage, and simple personal geodatabase read/write/create
Create points, arcs, polygons, and tics
Digitize and split existing polygons with shared boundaries
Reshape an existing shape
Create and enter attribute data
Cut, copy, paste, and delete
Unlimited undo levels
User-defined symbolization
Simple Windows context-based style galleries
Node and arc snapping
Split and unsplit arcs
Specify weed and grain tolerance
Splining, densifying, and generalization
Arc reshaping
Drag and drop individual arc vertices or arc segments
Continuous, “hands-free” roam while editing
Automatic feature extraction
Heads-up digitizing in viewer, digitizing tablet input, or keyboard data entry
Rename, copy, delete, coverages
Data reprojection
Add hyperlinks to Microsoft Windows applications or web pages from vector features
Subset shapefile
Default format filtering including “All file-based Vector formats” option
OGC Data Handling
Consume OGC services.
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WMS 1.0, WMS 1.1.1, WCS 1.0, WMS 1.3.0, WCS 1.0.0
Point Cloud Data Handling
Rapidly view and import LAS data.
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Direct read of LAS
Direct read MrSID compressed LAS
Uses pyramid layers and spatial indexing for rapid viewing
Import from multiple point formats
Measure in 2D and profile view
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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View by Classification, elevation, return, RGB, and intensity
Define colors and gradients using the style gallery
Link 2D and 3D views, clip to 2D extent and follow 2D
3D terrain offset
Change z-scale and point size
Box and polyline profile
Auto roam along a profile
File Management
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IMAGINE Image Catalog for raster data, a database that serves as an image library, softcopy
search, and information management system
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Attribute-based querying of records (images)
View image footprints on reference maps
Customize reference maps
Display selected images
Retriever provides quick drag and drop access to data in project
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XML based; easy to create and modify
Can open quickly with a saved session, or close quickly to open more viewing space
Access ERDAS APOLLO Catalog and other OGC-compliant web services
Add images to the ERDAS APOLLO Catalog from ERDAS IMAGINE
Geocoding services available with a Bing key
Batch Wizard Processing
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Serial processing of many thousands of files (parallel processing available in IMAGINE
Advantage)
Record and repeat common functions
Automation to provide multi-file input/output support
Wildcard selection of files
Drag-and-drop data loading
Image Command tool for changing projection and map information and other image metadata
Geometric Correction
Intuitive tools for georeferencing raw image data.
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Automatic geometric correction from valid ephemeris information
Manual georeferencing can be applied to any raster data
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Affine
Polynomial (first to tenth order)
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Intuitive graphical user interface
GCP selection from map, image, vector, or keyboard
Automatic coordinate conversion
Automatic error reporting
Independent verification of accuracy with check points
Chip extraction (magnifier) viewers
Automatic drive-to-point
Automatic point prediction
Automatically position a predicted GCP
Drop-point geocoding for fast and simple shift correction
Image resampling to coordinate system
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Reprojection
Edit Ground Control Points (GCPs)
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Rubber sheeting
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Nearest Neighbor, Bilinear, Cubic Convolution, or Bicubic Spline resampling
User-defined pixel sizes and geographic subsets
DLL extendible
Over 1000 projected coordinate systems included
Over 65 spheroids and 500 datums included
Add custom spheroids and datums
Vertical datums, including vertical datum transformations
Support for both standard and user-defined projection libraries, allowing thousands of
projection systems to be defined
Viewer geographic link by reproject
Viewer reproject images on the fly
Mapmaker reproject images on the fly
Reproject rasters or vectors, includes batch
Read/create ESRI world files and projection files (.prj)
Simple Classification
Easy-to-use unsupervised classification routine (K Means) requiring minimal inputs.
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Number of iterations
Number of classes
Skip factors
Initial class means on diagonal or principal axis
Scaling of class ranges
Color scheme initialization options
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Convergence threshold
Map Composer
Quick and easy custom map creation and editing.
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Copy and paste into any product using Microsoft clipboard (PowerPoint, Word, etc.)
Multiple data frames containing one or more data layers each
Automatically generated grid ticks, lines, and graticules
Customizable template gallery
Titles
Lines, bounding boxes, and symbols
Annotation
Logos
North arrows
Scale bars
Automatically generated legends
User-definable styles
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Build customized map templates
Automatically generate USGS maps at standard scales
Automatically generate international map series at any scale
Industry-standard printer languages and devices
Automatically populate dynamic elements in the map view
Automatically provide a map location overview
Google Earth™ Integration
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Displays a Google Earth tab if Google Earth is detected on the computer.
Match the Google Earth view to the ERDAS IMAGINE viewer
Synchronize the views
Export image footprints to KML files
Export annotation layers to KML files
General Tools and Utilities
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File chooser mechanism
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File system and network navigation
Connection mechanism for database access
Recent list of files accessed
“Go to” list of directories accessed
Select multiple files at once
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Rename/delete/set permissions on files
“All Rasters” and “All Vectors” filters
Optional Windows style file chooser with multi-resolution thumbnails
Enterprise database spatial selection tool, including:
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Preview thumbnail
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User-customizable backdrop maps
MBR footprint display
Thumbnail image display
Image selection by attribute query, spatial and/or point and click criteria
Quickly customize ERDAS IMAGINE to the production environment through the Preference Editor
Access to peripherals and networks
Text editor
Layer information tools
View binary data
Coordinate calculator
Subset tool
Movie player and sequence editor
Spreadsheet functionality via the CellArray™
Convert fonts to symbol libraries
IMAGINE Photogrammetry Block File read
Extensibility
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ERDAS Macro Language (EML)
Font manager
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
IMAGINE Advantage®
The culmination of more than 35 years of geospatial research and software development, the ERDAS
IMAGINE suite of software is the most powerful and carefully designed product for creating, visualizing,
geocorrecting, reprojecting and compressing geospatial data.
IMAGINE Advantage, the mid-level tier of ERDAS IMAGINE, builds upon the geospatial capabilities of
IMAGINE Essentials to offer more advanced and precise mapping, point cloud, and image processing
capabilities. IMAGINE Advantage gives GIS professionals, image analysts, and photogrammetrists more
analysis capabilities to make better, more informed decisions. IMAGINE Advantage can provide strategic
value to a variety of industries, including data providers, agriculture, forestry, natural resource
management, telecommunications, environmental engineering, and the extractive industries.
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Please also review the IMAGINE Essentials product description for the capabilities and features
available for all levels of the ERDAS IMAGINE suite.
Key Features
Parallel Batch Processing
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Run up to four processes simultaneously for each IMAGINE Advantage license
Use floating ERDAS Engine licenses to expand beyond four simultaneous parallel processes
Distribute parallel processes to multiple cores on a single system
Distribute processes to multiple systems using Condor
Orthocorrection
Expands the standard techniques available in IMAGINE Essentials to include sensor-based modeling and
single-frame orthocorrection.
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Multiple sensor models for orthocorrecting data
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Frame camera
Digital camera
ALOS AVNIR Rigorous Orbital model
ALOS PRISM Rigorous Orbital model
ALOS PRISM with RPC
ASTER Rigorous Orbital model
CARTOSAT RPC
CSM (community sensor model) version 3.0.1
DEIMOS RPC
DPPDB
EROS 1A & 1B Rigorous Orbital model
FORMOSAT2 Rigorous Orbital model
GEOEYE-1 Rigorous Orbital model
GEOEYE RPC
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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IKONOS NITF
IKONOS RPCs
IND High Res RPC
IRS-1C/1D
KOMPSAT RPC
KOMPSAT-III RPC
Landsat TM, MSS, ETM+
MODIS
NITF RPC
ORBIMAGE Rigorous Orbital model
PLEIADES RPC
PLEIADES Rigorous Orbital model
QuickBird RPC
QuickBird/WorldView (including NCDRD format) Rigorous Orbital model
RADARSAT
RAPIDEYE RPC
RESOURCESAT
SPOT 5 Rigorous Orbital model
SPOT Pan, XS, XI
SPOT 6 RPC
SPOT 6 Rigorous Orbital model
TH-01 (TianHui-01) RPC
THEOS1 – Rigorous Orbital model
WorldView RPC
Orthocorrection models for solving when ephemeris information is lacking
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Direct Linear Transform (DLT)
Projective Transform
Specify principal point and focal length for the camera
Select fiducial layout type and record film location template
Measure fiducial image locations
Specify/calculate rotation angles for Omega, Phi, Kappa
Specify/calculate perspective center position for X, Y, Z
Account for the Earth’s curvature
User-specified number of iterations
Specify output projection system
Select GCP reference coordinates from map, image, vector, or keyboard
Standard GCP editor extended to allow the definition of Z values
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
Raster Product Format (RPF) production
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Controlled Image Base (CIB)
Compressed Arc Digital Raster Graphics (CADRG)
Increase in ECW / JPEG2000 Capability above IMAGINE Essentials
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Create an unlimited number of ECW and JPEG2000 compressed images from input images
up to 500 gigapixel with export, direct-write, and MosaicPro.
GeoMedia Data Handling
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Buffer analysis for feature tables in a GeoMedia warehouse
Radar Capabilities
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Real-time georeferencing for RADARSAT 2, TerraSAR-X, and COSMO SkyMed
Select display mode
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On-the-fly
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Despeckle
Auto Enhance / Colorize
“Blue is New” change detection
Sensor merge
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Principal components
Intensity Hue Saturation (IHS)
Multiplicative, radar data re-map options, etc.
Texture enhancement
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Interactive level slice
Real-time AIS feed
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Edge enhance with interactive illumination setting
Show look direction and incidence angle
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Magnitude
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Variance
Skewness
Kurtosis
Mean Euclidean distance
Speckle suppression
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Mean
Median
Lee-Sigma
Local region
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Gamma-MAP
Wallis adaptive filter
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Bandwise, IHS, or Principal Component
User-defined scene contrast multiplier
Luminance modification
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Frost
Edge enhancement
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Lee
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Produce high-luminance or low-luminance images with no image degradation
Specify local luminance intercept
Normalize illumination in the range direction
User-defined scene contrast multiplier
Correct luminance in row or column
Slant-to-ground range adjustment
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Specify sensor
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Beam width
Adjust to flat plain or user-defined spheroid
Radar conversions
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Domain
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Magnitude and Phase (MP)
Intensity and Phase
Real and Imaginary (IQ)
Magnitude Only (M)
Intensity Only
Phase Only (P)
Radiometric
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Depression angle
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Media DN to Beta-Naught (Linear)
Media DN to Beta-Naught (Decibels)
Linear to Decibels and Decibels to Linear
Radiometric Terrain Correction, producing
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Radar backscatter coefficient Sigma-Naught
Incidence angle mask
Terrain Preparation Tools
Create and manipulate terrain datasets
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Read LAS, ASCII, raster, vector, and breakline data, and output terrain files in various formats
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Split or merge terrain files
Additional preprocessing options such as terrain point thinning and filtering
Generate contours with options such as smoothing contours
Point Clouds
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Encode LAS files with raster pixel values such as RGB
Edit (constant Z, Offset, Reclassify, Delete)
Subset, filter, split, merge
LiDAR command tool for batch update of pyramids and projection information
Metric Accuracy Assessment (MAA) Tool
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Calculate of the accuracy of mono or stereo pair imagery (stereo analysis restricted to RPC
models) using photo-identifiable ground control points.
Control (or Test & Evaluation – T&E) points can be manually entered or read from file
Calculation of error statistics
Individual point error and statistics report
Error computations are based on MIL-STD-600001, with bias taken into account
CE is computed using horizontal error as input to the LE formula with bias
Mosaicking
MosaicPro, the geospatial industry’s most robust mosaicking tool, provides cutline creation and editing,
color balancing, illumination correction, feathering, dodging, and more for the creation of seamless
mosaics and image tiles. From a pair of images to over 16,000 images, MosaicPro handles it all.
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User interface to manage all aspects of the mosaic process including graphics and image display
options
Mosaic Express for easy learning and rapid setup
Command line interface for production batch processing
Mosaic multiple images with:
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Differing and same projection systems
Geometric calibration and resampled orthorectification
Multiple image selection methods:
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Differing and same pixel resolution
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Select individual files
Select all the files in a directory using wildcards
Select using a file list
Use relatively positioned images and images with just map information in addition to fully
georeferenced images.
Load images directly from an IMAGINE photogrammetry block file
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Select elevation sources in any supported raster format
Control the image area considered for mosaicking
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Use an individual AOI
Crop edges by percentages (provides for automatic clipping of fiducials from scanned frame imagery)
Promote and demote individual images or selected groups
Order by source date
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Write source date and image name metadata to output seamline shapefile
Sort images to minimize overlap areas
For overlap areas, seamlines can be defined automatically or by the user
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Save to/load from shapefile
Automatic geometry based seamlines
Automatic weighted seamlines
Additional Seamline options for triangulated data
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Use a template AOI
Multiple options for ordering and sorting imagery
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Compute an active area
Automatic image loading and unloading based on user setting for large product efficiency
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Use the entire image
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Most Nadir
Most Nadir Narrow
Most Nadir by DTM
Real-time display of seamline edits
View reference seam polygons for working on geographically adjacent products
Color Corrections
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Exclude Areas
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Define abnormal areas for exclusion from processing
Dodging
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Manual or semi-automated
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User definable grid size
Band dependent or independent
Dodge across images or individually
Manually editable correction settings
Preview
Color Balancing
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Adjustable or manual
Surface-fitting removes spatially varying illumination effects such as hot spots
Optionally use existing lookup tables
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Histogram matching based on:
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Image to image
Overlap areas only
Ideal target histogram
Illumination equalization to adjust illumination variations (from sun glint, etc.)
Full control over the algorithm applied at each image overlap region
Radiometric seam smoothing and feathering
Preview finished mosaic results in a user-defined area before running a full mosaic job
Output a single file or cut into project files
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Preview color balancing effects
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Union of all inputs to single file
User-defined AOI to single file
Multiple AOIs to separate files
User-defined polygon vectors to single file
User-defined polygon vectors to multiple files
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Append attribute value to file name
Use Map Series file to output to multiple files on user defined grid pattern
ASCII sheet file definition
Rotated output sheets
Global clip boundary
Specify output projection cell size and data type
Image Processing & Spatial Analysis
Access over 100 standard image processing and GIS techniques for enhancing and analyzing data.
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Radiometric enhancement
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Look-Up table stretch
Rescale data
Noise reduction
Periodic noise removal
Landsat 7 reflectance and radiance conversion
Destripe Landsat
Replace bad lines
Histogram match
Brightness inversion
Histogram equalization
Topographic normalize
Spatial enhancement
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Resample/reproject
Degrade
Convolution filters
Non-directional edge detection
Texture analysis
Wallis adaptive filter
Crisp
Statistical filter
Homomorphic filter
Morphological operators
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Close
Erode
Dilate
Focal (neighborhood) analysis
Wallis adaptive filter
Pan sharpen
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Hyperspherical Color Space resolution merge
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Developed specifically for WorldView-2
Subtractive resolution merge
High Pass Filter (HPF) resolution merge
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Trade color for sharpness, or vice versa
Two-pass processing for images with high spatial disparity
Modified IHS resolution merge
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Tailored to be sensor-specific
Maintains spectral radiometry
Merge multiple bands, not just three
Wavelet resolution merge
Ehlers Fusion
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Wavelet based pan sharpening
Automatic or manual filtering schemes
Resolution merge
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Open
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Principal Component
Multiplicative
Brovey Transform
Spectral enhancement
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Layer stack
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Tasseled cap transformation
Decorrelation stretch
RGB to IHS
IHS to RGB
Spectral mixer
Correct variations and flaws in imagery due to hot spots, vignetting, atmospheric effects and film
processing
Create balanced and even radiometrically corrected images
Dynamic preview of correction results
Normalize spectrum
Internal Average Relative Reflectance (IARR)
Log residuals
3D Rescale
Spectrum Average
Signal-to-noise ratio
Mean per pixel
Profile tools
Thematic (GIS, many applicable for vector as well as raster)
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Independent component
Hyperspectral tools
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Inverse principal component
Image Equalizer
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Principal component
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Thematic to RGB
Random class colors
Recode
Neighborhood functions
Morphological
Search (buffer)
Clump, sieve and eliminate classes
Perimeter of clumps
Aggregation of thematic classes
Zonal attributes (parcel statistics)
Matrix union
Summary (report of matrix union)
Overlay (minimum or maximum)
Index (weighted summation)
Fourier analysis
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Fourier transform
Graphical Fourier transform editor
Inverse Fourier transform
Fourier magnitude
Classification
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Indices
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Preview results in real time
Horizon Dip
Horizon Azimuth
Horizon RTS (real time shading)
Pseudo Color
Terrain preparation (see above)
Anaglyph
Recalculate elevation values
Elevation library
Route intervisibility
Slope angle
Aspect facing
Painted relief
Shaded relief
Level slice
Raster contour
Image drape
Functions
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Adjust formulas with variables
Terrain analysis
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Sensor specific band selection
Geophysical Processing converted from ER Mapper
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Other indices (iron oxide, clay minerals, ferrous minerals, mineral composite, etc.)
RGB clustering
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Vegetation indices (VI, NDVI, TNDVI, etc.)
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Two image mathematical union functions
Two image mathematical intersection functions
Single image mathematical functions
Change detection
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Image differencing
Subset
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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NITF chip
Mask
Dice images
Generic options
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Restrict function to Area of Interest (AOI) or rectangular subset
Stretch to 8-bit data range
Ignore zero values in output statistics
Schedule for batch processing
Vector to Raster
Raster to Vector
Modeling Language
The Spatial Modeling Language (SML) is highly flexible, enabling users to create and run customized
models for image processing and GIS analysis. The Spatial Modeler fully supports the input of calibrated
imagery and will output it to a specified projection system. The majority of Image Interpreter functions,
which use the underlying Spatial Modeler programs, now also support multiple input projection systems
and calibrated imagery.
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Model librarian with built-in editor
Over 80 example SML scripts to customize
Specify the projection system when inputting two or more images of differing projections into
a model
Function types (over 200 provided)
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Neighborhood (focal)
Global
Zonal
Layer
Statements
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Point
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Declarations
Assignments
Show, read, and write
Set
Macro definitions
Quit
Flow control
Statement blocks
Object types
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Scalar
Table
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Raster
Vector
Data types
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Matrix
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Binary
Integer
Float
Complex
Color
String
Variables
Windows
Syntax error checking
Calibration and reprojection support
Knowledge Classifier
Using knowledge bases created with IMAGINE Professional, IMAGINE Advantage users can classify
geographic data with the simple, user-friendly Knowledge Classifier wizard interface.
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Evaluate classification classes
Automatically identify missing files
Output fuzzy sets, confidence layers and feedback layers, as well as classifications
Knowledge bases created by expert users in IMAGINE Professional can be distributed to IMAGINE
Advantage users anywhere in the world to apply classification processes to their data. This
portability is one of the keys to the strength of the expert systems approach. See the IMAGINE
Expert Classifier™ section in the IMAGINE Professional Product Description for more details about
the IMAGINE Expert Classifier.
27
ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
IMAGINE Professional®
The culmination of more than 35 years of geospatial research and software development, the ERDAS
IMAGINE suite of software is the most powerful and carefully designed product for creating, visualizing,
geocorrecting, reprojecting and compressing geospatial data.
IMAGINE Professional is a comprehensive geographic imaging package for advanced image processing,
remote sensing and GIS professionals. IMAGINE Professional includes all the capabilities of IMAGINE
Essentials and IMAGINE Advantage and advanced features such as graphical data modeling, advanced
image classification, point cloud classification and extended hyperspectral tools.
ERDAS IMAGINE was one of the first commercial software packages to offer graphical data modeling.
The new spatial modeler continues this tradition with an all-new modern interface that adds support for
point clouds and Python scripting. When used with ERDAS Apollo, spatial models can be published as
OGC web processing services (WPS).
In addition, IMAGE Professional customers also receive ERDAS ER Mapper. Together, these
products provide the most powerful image processing and raster GIS engine available on the same
desktop. Please refer to the product pages at http://geospatial.intergraph.com for detailed information
on ERDAS ER Mapper capabilities.
®
®
Please also review the IMAGINE Essentials and IMAGINE Advantage product descriptions for the
capabilities and features available for all levels of the ERDAS IMAGINE suite.
Key Features
Spectral Analysis
Quickly extract material mapping information with minimal effort and knowledge of hyperspectral image
processing theory. Spectral Analysis tools include:
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Standard task-based workflows
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Material mapping and identification
Hyperspectral image preprocessing steps
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Anomaly and target detection
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Band wavelength/width specification
Bad band identification
Spectral and spatial subset
Atmospheric adjustment
Minimum noise fraction
Spectral libraries
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ASTER
JPL
USGS V4
USGS V6 Convolved
Import new versions of the above libraries
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Import SITAC libraries
Import SPECMIN libraries
Spectral Analysis Workstation
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Multi-pane workspace providing access to all the tools and viewers that enable interactive analysis
of hyperspectral imagery, spectral signatures, and other data displays
Three geospatially-linked views
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main view
overview view of the whole image extent
zoom view showing magnified detail of a specific location
Embedded spectral plot tools
Embedded spectral libraries
Drag and drop interaction between the image pixels, plots, and libraries
Access to all preprocessing and task processes
Spectral Analysis Methodologies
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Orthogonal Subspace Projection (OSP)
Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM)
Spectral Correlation Mapper (SCM)
Constrained Energy Minimization (CEM)
IMAGINE Expert Classifier
The IMAGINE Expert Classifier is made up of two components: the Knowledge Engineer and the
Knowledge Classifier.
While the Knowledge Engineer is a standard part of IMAGINE Professional, the Knowledge Classifier is a
standard part of IMAGINE Advantage. Consequently, expert users who design and test knowledge bases
using IMAGINE Professional can distribute them to IMAGINE Advantage users anywhere in the world to
apply the classification process to their data.
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Knowledge Engineer
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A graphical drag-and-drop interface for building a knowledge base
Confidence value definition and propagation—the ability to handle uncertainty
The use of variables from various sources including images, vectors, scalars, graphical models, and
other user-defined programs
The ability to include prompts for particular data files for the creation of portable knowledge bases
Quick feedback on the results of a classification to aid in developing and fine-tuning a
knowledge base
Access to other ERDAS IMAGINE tools, such as Model Maker, for defining spectral/spatial operators
Knowledge Classifier
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Wizard interface
Perform classifications
Evaluate classification classes
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Automatically identify missing files
Output fuzzy sets, confidence layers, and feedback layers, as well as classifications
Multispectral Classification
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Two Image Segmentation applications
Change detection
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Discriminant Function Change
Unsupervised ISODATA algorithm
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Zonal change detection
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Initialize class means from image statistics or optional signature file means
Set convergence threshold, maximum iterations and skip factors
Classify only the AOI
Output a signature set
Specify the number of classes range
Set minimum size, maximum SD, minimum distance, maximum merges
Color scheme in the output cluster file
Open and modify indices or geophysical processing in the Spatial Modeler Grouping Tool for
assigning classes to land cover types
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Define target land cover classes
Interactively select and highlight working groups of classes
Boolean operators to compare and separate working groups
Highlight similarity/conflict geographically
Dendrogram tool visually represents similarity of classes
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Distance measures
Euclidean
Mean scaled
Divergence
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Spectral angle
Agglomeration methods
Simple linkage
Complete linkage
Simple average linkage
Average linkage
Centroid
Median
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Save grouped classes to image
Fuzzy classification, fuzzy convolution filtering, and fuzzy recode
Accuracy assessment through use of ancillary data to measure errors of commission/omission
30
ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Post-classification class editing
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Chi-square or Euclidean distance class thresholding
Threshold interactively on a histogram display
Threshold based on statistics or graphic editing
Preview threshold results
Classification accuracy assessment
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Random or user-defined ground truth locations
Automatically generate accuracy reports with Kappa statistics, error matrices, and accuracy totals
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Supervised classification
Control of automatically generated statistical attribute fields in an output classified file
Output a distance file for use in thresholding
Control the classification
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Non-parametric signatures may be ignored or classified by parallelepiped limits or feature
space masking
Pixel overlap rule
By parametric rule
Classify by order
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Leave unclassified
Unclassified pixels: evaluate by parametric rule or leave unclassified
Parametric signatures evaluated by maximum likelihood, Mahalanobis distance, parallelepiped,
or minimum distance rules
Hybrid parametric/non-parametric classification
Select, evaluate, and edit signatures

Signature creation
Automatic region growing
Selected vector objects
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User-defined AOI point, ellipse, rectangle, polygon, or polyline objects
Sophisticated feature-space signature editing, extraction, and evaluation
Signature evaluation and manipulation
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Contingency matrices
Separability measures
Euclidean
Divergence
Transformed divergence
Jefferies-Matusita
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User-specified bands per combination
Image alarm, including overlap indication
Mean per band or histogram plots
Univariate and covariance statistics
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Feature space (scattergram) plotting
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User-specified band combinations
Signature ellipse plotting
Image to feature space linking
Non-parametric signature extraction
Signature merge, delete, and replace
Set layers to use in classification process
Manual editing of parallelepiped limits
Set output class values, colors, a priori probabilities, and classification order
Subpixel Classification
The IMAGINE Subpixel Classifier characterizes the scene being processed by the amount (fraction)
of one specific material, rather than multiple materials, in each image pixel. This allows the classification
of objects smaller than the spatial resolution of the sensor.
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Train the classifier
Perform environmental corrections
Develop training signatures
Combine signatures
Perform quality assurance
Point Clouds
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Classify point clouds as bare earth, buildings, or vegetation.
Area Frame Sampling
A statistical approach to estimating landcover extent within a given region based on interpretation
of higher resolution imagery samples.
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Project manager and wizard
Stratum file definition
Sampling grid generation
Graphical sample selection
Dot grid analysis to label samples
Polygon analysis to label samples
Calculate estimates and error tolerances
Model Maker
The first object-based graphical geospatial data modeling tool.
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Based on Spatial Modeler Language (SML)
Over 50 prepackaged models
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Use graphical flow charts to quickly perform sophisticated GIS analysis
Combine GIS and image processing functions in the same spatial model
Combine raster, vector, and attribute data in a single model
Apply a model to new data or a different geographical area at the push of a button
Double-click to define objects
Function object
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Access to over 200 separate functions
Function syntax “prototypes”
Use and output attribute information
Set operating geographic window and resolution
Accepts calibrated images
Reproject input data on-the-fly
Quickly modify and rerun the model
Run a model directly or generate an SML script for integration with EML
Publish models to ERDAS APOLLO as a Web Processing Service (WPS)
Spatial Model Editor
The new generation object-based graphical geospatial data modeling tool. Includes all the functionality of
the legacy Model Maker, and adds:

All new, modern interface
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Ability of running only parts of the model
Integrate submodels, external models, and command line executables
Option of using Python scripts
Execution progress for each model component
Greatly improved error reporting
New operators
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Real time preview
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From GeoMedia vector and grid
Many point cloud operators
Unsupervised classification
Image segmentation
Dodge Plus for spatially-adaptive local brightness and contrast correction
Simplified publishing to ERDAS APOLLO as a Web Processing Service (WPS)
Unlimited ECW / JPEG2000 Compression Capability

Create an unlimited number of ECW and JPEG2000 images of unlimited size with export,
direct-write, and MosaicPro
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
IMAGINE Photogrammetry 2014
Product Features
IMAGINE Photogrammetry is a separate bundle which contains a complete suite of photogrammetric
production tools for triangulation, generating terrain models, producing orthomosaics, and extracting 3D
features. It supports panchromatic, color, and multispectral imagery with up to 16 bits per band. Projects
can be completed in hundreds of different coordinate systems and map projections.
IMAGINE Photogrammetry maximizes productivity with automated algorithms, fast processing, and a tight
focus on workflow.
IMAGINE Photogrammetry increases accuracy through state-of-the-art photogrammetric and image
processing algorithms for automatic point measurement, triangulation, automatic terrain extraction, and
subpixel point positioning. Accuracy reports, built-in data quality checks, and editing tools help users
achieve the high standard of quality they demand.
The power and precision of IMAGINE Photogrammetry stems from Intergraph’s extensive experience
developing the world’s leading photogrammetric, remote sensing, and geospatial imaging software.
Key Features
Project setup and management
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Automated management images, terrain files, and feature files
Visual display of project status
Add multiple data assets to the project at once
View data assets in their georeferenced positions
Take data assets off-line from the project/block, then easily reattach for further processing
Input and output of ground control, GPS data, triangulation data, imagery, vector data, scanned
paper maps, and terrain files in a variety of popular formats
Manipulate data and track progress in Project Manager
Store key operator preferences between sessions
Export image, DTM, and orthophoto footprints along with project GCPs, check points, and tie
points to KML
Data import and export


Supports a wide range of ground control data, GPS data, triangulation data, vector data, scanned
paper maps, digital orthophotos, and terrain files in a variety of popular formats.
Gray scale and color raster image formats are supported, including 8 to 16 bits per band per pixel
and virtually unlimited numbers of bands per image.
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
Coordinate systems
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Supports numerous horizontal and vertical datums, coordinate systems, and map projections,
including user-defined systems and coordinate conversions.
Tracking devices
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TopoMouse™ or TopoMouse USB™ 3D Hand Controller
System Mouse
Immersion 3D Mouse
MOUSE-TRAK
Stealth 3D (Immersion), serial port and USB versions
Stealth Z, Serial port and USB versions
Stealth V, S3-V type (added as a serial device)
3Dconnexion SpaceExplorer Mouse
Hand Wheels (EK2000, EMSEN)
Image viewing
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Works with both stereo and monoscopic hardware
Full 3D stereo imagery can be viewed using either passive polarized or active LCD stereoscopic
viewing systems
Drag and drop images and Point Clouds into the viewer
Display multiple vector and raster layers
Display and project multiple images in a single view
Load and view entire blocks of images as a virtual mosaic
View any combination of sensor types
Apply dynamic range adjustment
Open multiple views and link them
Continuously roam and zoom
Reproject on-the-fly
Use subpixel cursor positioning and measurement
Apply image enhancements
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Rotation
Brightness and contrast
Histogram manipulations
Filtering
Plus a palette of more sophisticated image processing tools
Read out ground and image coordinates, 2D and 3D measurements
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Distance, azimuth, slope
Area of polygon
Length of polyline
Build image pyramid (minification)
Use multithreading when multiple processors are available
Create richly annotated output maps
Interior orientation
Define the internal geometry of imagery using measured fiducial marks.
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Both automatic and semi-automatic processes available, with interactive quality control
RMS error represented in pixels and microns
Flexible color code assignments for fiducial marks
Automatically drives to estimated fiducial mark positions
Camera definitions
Calibrated cameras and lenses can be defined and saved.
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Camera name and description
Focal length
Principal point offset in the X and Y direction
Number of fiducial marks and their calibrated positions
Pixel size for digital and video cameras
Lens distortion
Extended parameters can be imported directly from ORIMA, Australis, and SMAC camera
calibration files
Automatic tie point measurement
Automatically determine the corresponding image positions of ground points appearing on multiple
overlapping images.
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Point pattern selected by operator
Adaptive strategy cross-correlation with feature-based matching
Automatic transfer of points between images
Simultaneous processing of imagery collected within normal and crossing flight lines
Interactive graphical view of tie point patterns
Shadow avoidance algorithm
Classic Point Measurement
This interface allows the user to measure ground and image points in monoscopic single or pair-wise
view modes.
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Display and edit
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Point IDs and description
GCP, tie point, and check point coordinates, and their residuals
Image coordinates and their residuals
GCP type (full, horizontal, vertical)
Point usage (tie, check, or GCP)
Imagery within a strip can be toggled for display during point measurement
Automatic drive to estimated x and y image locations of GCP positions
Undo GCP, tie point, or check point measurements and edits
Project image points into new ground points
Projecting ground points into corresponding images
Stereo Point Measurement
This interface allows you to measure ground and image points in single and multi-image monoscopic
modes, supplemented by automatic point correlation. Enable stereo mensuration with an IMAGINE
Photogrammetry license. Additional capabilities beyond the Classic Point Measurement interface include:
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Stereo viewing capability, including inverted (with IMAGINE Photogrammetry license)
GCP collection from multiple sources including orthorectified imagery
3D pointing device support with button mapping capability
Automatic point correlation functionality
Support for multiple viewers, which is beneficial for measuring multi-ray points
Map display for image selection and loading, as well as point distribution review
Ability to drive to next and previous points
Various image selection options
Improved image radiometric adjustment capabilities, with Dynamic Range Adjustment
Cursor tracks in images simultaneously based on sensor model and ground position for easy
identification
Maintain constant ground or pixel scale in all windows
Rotate images North-Up
Triangulation
Tie imagery together and to ground reference points. Once images have been triangulated, additional
data processing such as DTM extraction, terrain editing, orthorectification, and feature collection can be
performed.
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Block definition
Support of post-processed airborne GPS to define sensor position
Support of existing aerial triangulation results in the form of exterior orientation from analog,
analytical, and digital photogrammetric workstations, and common triangulation program
interchange formats
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Rigorous triangulation for frame, digital, terrestrial, and orbital sensors with a variety of models
Graphical display to enable users to identify and resolve blunders including image footprints and
residuals
Bundle adjustment of multiple images from one or more sensors (with the same sensor model
type)
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Automatic blunder detection with user selectable modes
Statistical models provided for weight constraint of observations include:
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Fully weighted least squares solution with GPS
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X and Y image coordinates
X, Y, and Z ground control points
Exterior orientation parameters
Interior orientation parameters
Additional parameters accounting for systematic errors
Five additional parameter (AP) models provided for determining the extent of systematic error
associated with the photogrammetric network of observations and the sensor models used in the
project
Self-calibration techniques used to determine focal length, principal point offset in the X and Y
direction
Triangulation can be processed without ground control if the exterior orientation parameters are
available
Pseudo free-network triangulation can be processed by fixing appropriate parameters from two of
the images
Auto-detect lack of ray convergence for automatically measured tie points (satellite workflow
assistance)
A summary report is provided for the display of global solution quality
Point Review option is provided to analyze the point and block triangulation quality
An advanced triangulation report provides a comprehensive output list of the adjusted and
estimated parameters and their accuracies, precisions and photo-coordinate residuals
Oriented image creation for input into Stereo Analyst® for ERDAS IMAGINE
Orthorectification
Orthophotos are the ideal reference image backdrop necessary for the creation and maintenance of
geographic information contained within a GIS database. IMAGINE Photogrammetry creates orthophotos
by minimizing the distortion inherent in imagery caused by sensor orientation, topographic relief
displacement, and systematic errors associated with imagery, resulting in planimetrically correct images
representing ground objects in their true, ‘real world’ X and Y positions.
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Simultaneous processing and parameterization of multiple orthos in one solution
Single orthos can be generated independently
User-defined X and Y ground resolution
Orthorectification from a constant elevation value or using elevation sources in various terrain
formats including Raster Grid, LTF, TIN, 3D Shapefile, and ASCII text files
Ability to trim the outer extents of the output ortho
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Ortho resampling options include Nearest Neighbor, Bilinear Interpolation, and Cubic Convolution
Ortho-calibration techniques associate orientation metadata and terrain files directly with imagery
eliminating the need to create new image files for specific workflows
Unique map projection and units can be assigned to each output ortho
Support for batch processing on multiple cores/processors within a system via the IMAGINE
Batch tool
Support for distributed processing across a network of computer systems using Condor.
IMAGINE Advantage
IMAGINE Photogrammetry includes the full functionality of IMAGINE Advantage and IMAGINE
Essentials. Please see the product descriptions for IMAGINE Advantage Listed above.
Mosaicking
IMAGINE Photogrammetry includes MosaicPro. Please refer to the Mosaicking section listed above for
more details.
Terrain Prep Tool
Create and manipulate terrain datasets. Please see the product description for the Terrain Preparation
Tool found in the IMAGINE Advantage section listed above.
Stereo Viewing
IMAGINE Photogrammetry includes 3D stereoscopic viewing of imagery for the Stereo Point
Measurement interface, IMAGINE Terrain Editor, and ORIMA in several modes. The stereo display
makes optimal use of recommended graphics cards.
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Moving cursor/fixed image and fixed cursor/moving image
Smooth, seamless roam in “Moving Image” mode
Supports active and passive 3D-viewing eyewear
Single or dual screens supported
Drag and drop images into viewer
Fast graphics rendering
On-the-fly epipolar rectification for comfortable viewing when required
Automatic Z placement of cursor from a terrain model or image matching
Multiple stereo views can be opened simultaneously
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Each view can be monoscopic, stereo, split-screen, or tri-view (stereo and split-screen)
Cursor displayed in every image
Continuous zoom in and out, as well as discrete steps such as 1:1 and 2:1
On-the-fly resampling for subpixel cursor positioning and measurement
Image enhancements including rotation, brightness, contrast, and dynamic range adjustment
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
IMAGINE Photogrammetry Add-Ons
Intergraph offers some exclusive add-ons to specialize the core functionality of IMAGINE
Photogrammetry.
IMAGINE Auto DTM
IMAGINE Auto DTM comes with three different automated terrain extraction engines with varying levels of
accuracy and speed.
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Sparse Matching in IMAGINE Auto DTM
Dense Matching in IMAGINE Auto DTM
Semi-Global Matching in IMAGINE Auto DTM
Sparse Matching
Sparse Matching in IMAGINE Auto DTM (formerly LPS ATE) rapidly, accurately, and automatically
extracts lower-resolution terrain from overlapping images with built-in accuracy reporting.
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A production-oriented, linear workflow:
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Define general DTM project properties including map projection and file format
Select image pairs of interest
Define areas for DTM
Define exclude areas
Input information to calculate DTM accuracy
Perform automated DTM extraction
Automatically extract, subset, and mosaic individual DTMs for an entire project area—possibly
encompassing hundreds of images—with one click
Cross-correlation and feature-based matching with adaptive strategy parameters
DTM boundary is determined automatically from images or can be user-defined
Support for aerial frame, Leica ADS, digital, video and non-metric cameras, as well as satellite
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sensors with stereo capability (SPOT, IKONOS, QuickBird, WorldView, GeoEye , etc.)
Specify a clip percentage on input images to remove fiducial marks
Scalable user interface can be customized for all skill levels, from entry-level GIS professionals to
production mapping scientists
Optionally use seed data (block control points, tie points, and external terrain models) to improve
the correlation process
Provides tools lie region growing for semi-automatically defining geographic regions of inclusion
®
or exclusion, or use existing ESRI Shapefiles, ArcSDE Vector Layers, Arc Coverage files, or
ERDAS AOIs
Customized DTM extraction strategy parameters
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Adaptive modification of strategy parameters
Strategy parameters include:
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Search area
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Correlation size
Coefficient limit
Topographic relief type
Land cover object type
Embedded quality assurance, quality control, and accuracy reporting tools
Quality checks to control points, check points, tie points, text files, or other DTMs
Accuracy report containing RMSE, CE 90 and LE 90 calculations, mean error, global error,
processing time statistics, and general extraction statistical output for each DTM
Error image for each extracted DTM, indicating geographic regions with excellent, good, fair,
poor, and interpolated DTM output
Extracted DTMs can be output in ERDAS IMAGINE raster formats, LTF TINs, 3D Shapefiles,
Terramodel TINs, or ASCII files
Use the Terrain Prep Tool or 3D Surfacing Tool to merge terrain and support for MicroStation
DGN files and breaklines
®
Support for batch processing
Dense Matching
Dense Matching in IMAGINE Auto DTM (formerly LPS eATE) generates high resolution terrain
information from stereo imagery data types ranging from satellite to airborne frame and digital pushbroom
sensors. Features a completely new design and sophisticated algorithms for generating and classifying
dense elevation surfaces.
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A production-oriented, linear workflow
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View the project area, image footprints or render the actual images in an embedded viewer
Add or remove images for DTM processing
Define Process Engine settings for optimal performance
Interactively define strategies, or choose pre-existing strategies from the included library
Interactively define exclusion areas and boundaries for different strategies, if required
Optionally select seed data
Define output settings for density and classification
Choose output formats
Perform automated DTM extraction via local multi-core batch processing, or distributed processing
among a group of computers
Pixel-by-pixel correlation for high-density output terrain products
Multi-ray matching increases correlated terrain point reliability
View image footprints, areas of interest (AOIs), seed data boundaries, and processing element
graphics
XML accuracy report file containing processing statistics and quality-based graphics
Improve correlation with breakline, point, and DEM seed data
Customizable strategy parameters for optimizing results across diverse project scenes.
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Correlation method
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Window size
Correlation coefficient start and end
Interpolation method for seeding the correlation process (output points are not interpolated for TINs and
point clouds), associated point threshold, and search window size
Blunder removal options
LAS classification options
Strategy areas defined by intuitive AOI tools, which can also be used for defining exclusion areas
Library of commonly-used correlation strategies
Innovative approach for the RGB-encoding of LAS 1.2 format output product, ideal for
visualization applications
Output support for TIN, Grid, and point cloud terrain formats
Output options for a merged surface defined by input images or a user-defined bounding box
Terrain output splitting options, with the ability to define an overlap percentage
Terrain thinning options allow for a regularly-spaced terrain output; thin out redundant points on
planar surfaces
Optimized performance via multi-threaded processing
Increase productivity through multi-core processing on a single computer system using the
IMAGINE Batch Tool
Maximize throughput with distributed processing across a network of computer systems using
Condor
Semi-Global Matching
Semi-Global Matching in IMAGINE Auto DTM uses a very dense matching capability based on SemiGlobal Matching (SGM). This RGB encoded, image-like quality point cloud output uses pixel correlation
on stereo imagery from digital cameras like the Leica RCD30 and Z\I DMC along with UAV sensors.
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Straight forward user interface
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Image Pair selection tab
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User friendly table structure for criteria, row, or column selection
Define strategy parameters to increase the reliability of your output
Chose a lower resolution pyramid level for quicker processing
Define an urban processing environment
Output Options tab
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Automatically deactivate images based on overlap percentage
Strategy tab
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Manually deactivate images
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Define coordinate extents
Optional compression
RGB or FCIR encoding
Simultaneous batch processing
Distributed batch processing using Condor
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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High definition delineation of building edges
Extensive post processing options using Point Cloud tools
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Classification of Point Clouds
RGB encode from a secondary ortho image source
Point cloud operators available in Spatial Modeler
Multiple viewing options
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Classification, Elevation, Intensity, Returns or RGB
Merge, split and filter
Subset
IMAGINE Terrain Editorav
IMAGINE Terrain Editor, an add-on to IMAGINE Essentials that works with IMAGINE Photogrammetry,
provides extensive, powerful tools for editing raster or TIN DTMs with dynamic graphics updating.
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Display terrain graphics superimposed on stereo imagery for editing and QA purposes
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Terrain displayed as points, lines, TIN (mesh), or contours
Terrain display updates on the fly as edits are made
More than one representation can be displayed simultaneously
User-selectable display options such as color, weight, size, and style
Image display settings including fixed image, fixed cursor, continuous roam, contrast and
brightness, stereo, mono
User-activated pyramid display mode reduces display density when zooming out to avoid slow
rendering
Add, delete, or modify terrain using tools operating on points, lines, or selection areas
Area tools such as smooth, thin, bias, set to constant, fit to surface, interpolate
Geomorphic editing tools for grids
Set elevations using current cursor elevation, area boundary, points inside, or points outside area
Support for smooth contours
Contour export options
Import and export breaklines
Motion devices such as TopoMouse™ used for interactive cursor control and button actions can
be set and reviewed interactively
Multiple undo and redo
User defined thresholds for parameters such as snap distance
Rotate images North-Up
Post-editor hotkeys allowing user to quickly move through points and edit them in gridded terrain
files
Ground control points panel enables the display of GCPs and tie points associated with the block
file
Terrain following cursor mode
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Ability to load terrain data without imagery as a backdrop
Import shapefiles to be used as geomorphic paths or breaklines
Works with a variety of terrain formats including:
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LTF
Terramodel TIN
IMAGINE Raster
Imported formats including:
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Terrain pyramid file support with LTF
USGS Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS)
Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED)
ORIMA
ORIMA provides sophisticated production photogrammetry software for block triangulation and analysis.
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Self-calibrating bundle adjustment for frame and ADS40 and ADS80 imagery
Economic data organization to manage very large numbers of images
Display multiple images during point measurement
Measuring speed is not reduced as projects increase in size
Specialized math model for ADS sensors
Allows for combined triangulation of ADS and frame imagery
Highly automated statistical techniques for blunder detection and elimination and full error
propagation
Fully automatic point measurement (APM) and ground control point transfer
Multi-threaded APM
Semi-automatic point measurement in stereo (included)
Sequential adjustment as points are measured allows easier measurement and early errors
detection
Interactive graphical tools for analysis of blocks
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Identification and elimination of blunders or weak areas
Error ellipses, error rectangles, ray intersection geometry
Image area identification for point-and-click supervised re-measurement
Grid correction for compensating localized systematic errors
Graphical output can be directed to printer or plotter
Complete numeric reports
Rigorous weighting and incorporation of GPS, with or without drift parameters, and IMU
misalignment
Flexible input formats from GPS and IMU data
Rigorous transformation from ground to sensor including map projections or use of geographic
coordinates
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Context-sensitive help and wizards
Available in multiple languages
Several versions with different functionality are available to suit user requirements
Stereo Analyst for ERDAS IMAGINE
Stereo Analyst for ERDAS IMAGINE, an add-on to IMAGINE Essentials that works with IMAGINE
Photogrammetry, is a Windows-based solution for the collection, interpretation, and visualization of 3D
geographic information from imagery. When added to IMAGINE Photogrammetry, collects both
planimetric and volumetric features with textures, in 3D.
Interactive Stereo Viewing and Interpretation
Stereo Analyst for ERDAS IMAGINE provides unparalleled image handling for the display and
manipulation of 3D digital stereo models
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OpenGL and stereo-in-a-window
Various 3D digitizing pucks supported
Resize, open, and close each interface component at any given time
Overview stereo window
Primary stereo window
Left and right monoscopic window
Feature class palette containing all of the features to be collected or updated
Feature attribute tables
Feature collection and editing tools
3D Measure tool and 3D Position tool
3D Perspective view to visualize 3D models with automated image texture capabilities included
Supports anaglyph stereo and hardware stereo
Supports a 3D floating cursor/mark
Adjust X and Y parallax
Adjust the elevation of the 3D floating cursor
Individually manipulate the left and right images comprising a stereo pair
Supports image rotation
Band combinations can be adjusted for color and multi-spectral imagery
Hierarchical pyramid layers are used to facilitate increase the speed of image handling
User preferences and options can be set per user and remembered during work sessions
Continuous zooming
Automatic panning
Image roaming
Fixed cursor mode
Automated terrain following cursor
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ERDAS IMAGINE® 2014
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Graphically select digital stereo models from LPS block files
Adjust the color, size, and shape of the 3D floating mark
Image enhancement capabilities include:
Image data scaling
Brightness and contrast adjustment
Histogram equalization, standard deviation stretch, linear stretch, Gaussian stretch, and many
more
Piecewise contrast adjustment
ABOUT INTERGRAPH
Intergraph helps the world work smarter. The company’s software
and solutions improve the lives of millions of people through better
facilities, safer communities and more reliable operations.
Intergraph Process, Power & Marine (PP&M) is the world’s leading
provider of enterprise engineering software enabling smarter
design and operation of plants, ships and offshore facilities.
Intergraph Security, Government & Infrastructure (SG&I) is the
leader in smart solutions for emergency response, utilities,
transportation and other global challenges. For more information,
visit www.intergraph.com.
Intergraph is a part of Hexagon (Nordic exchange: HEXA B;
www.hexagon.com), a leading global provider of design, measurement
and visualisation technologies that enable customers to design,
measure and position objects, and process and present data.
© 2014 Intergraph Corporation. All rights reserved. Intergraph is part of Hexagon. Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, ERDAS IMAGINE, IMAGINE Essentials, IMAGINE Advantage, IMAGINE Professional,
and GeoMedia are registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and in other countries. IMAGINE Expert Classifier and IMAGINE Radar Interpreter are
trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and in other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Other products and brand
names are trademarks of their respective owners. GEO-US-0143C-ENG 12/13
46
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