PDF Format, 2M - ELVA-1
About ELVA1
Millimeter Wave Division
Founded in 1993, the Millimeter Wave Division of ELVA-1
is a design and manufacturing company located in St. Petersburg,
Russia. ELVA-1 Millimeter Wave Division currently employs
more than 30 people in St. Petersburg facility. The Division is
registered in Russia.
For the last 20 years, the Millimeter Wave Division has been
engaged in development and production of scientific test and
measurement equipment, industrial radars and radar front-ends,
millimeter wave level sensors and wireless communication
equipment operating in the millimeter and sub-millimeter wave
frequency bands.
We maintain cooperative relationships with a variety of specialized
manufacturing facilities within the former Soviet Union, each of whom possesses
unique component technology. Our division combines this technology with our
own to develop commercial products for customers around the world.
ELVA-1 Millimeter Wave Division supplies high quality millimeter and
sub-millimeter wave components, subsystems and laboratory equipment that
operate at frequencies up to 1200 GHz.
ELVA-1 Millimeter Wave Division also serves the global millimeter
wave market as an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) component
supplier. Many of the millimeter wave industry’s leading companies use our
OEM components to bring quality and cost effective product solutions to
their customers worldwide. We produce large quantities of state-of-the-art
millimeter wave components and equipment for businesses specializing in
industry automation solutions.
Our customer list includes global leaders in science and research such
as: JET (UK) — largest tokamak in the world, General Atomics (USA),
National Institute of Standard and Technology (USA), TRW (USA), FOM
Institute (The Netherlands), University of Kiel (Germany), Centre D’Etudes
de Cadarache (France), Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics (Taiwan),
South-West Institute of Physics (China), Siemens, CERN — Accelerator in
Switzerland, Max Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, Australian National
University, Cornell University (USA), Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
(UK). This list contains to grow each year.
Since year 2001 the company aggressively expanded its product range to include
millimeter wave telecommunication products such as 40.5–43.5 GHz, 71–76 / 81–86 GHz
and 92–95 GHz transmitters and receivers, high gain parabolic antennas and related
telecommunications products. Applications for these products include 1250 / 350 /
100 Mbps Ethernet wireless LAN bridges, MVDS outdoor units (transmitters and
receivers), and LMDS communication systems.
For more information about our product lines, please visit the company
web-site at www.elva-1.com.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
1
CONTENTS
Sources, Frequency Multipliers and Amplifiers
Millimeter Wave Broadband BWO Sources 33–170 GHz ..................................................................................................................... 3
Phase Locked BWO Source SGMW-PLL Series 33–170 GHz .............................................................................................................. 5
Submillimeter Wave Broadband BWO Sources 180–1110 GHz ........................................................................................................... 6
IMPATT Active Frequency Multipliers 26–180 GHz ............................................................................................................................. 8
Cavity Stabilized IMPATT Millimeter Wave Oscillators 26–150 GHz ................................................................................................ 10
High Perfomance Fixed IMPATT Oscillators 26–180 GHz ................................................................................................................... 12
Voltage Controlled IMPATT Oscillators 26–180 GHz ........................................................................................................................... 13
High Power Voltage Controlled Oscillators ............................................................................................................................................. 14
High Power Pulsed IMPATT Oscillators ................................................................................................................................................. 17
Custom-Designed Solutions IMPATT Oscillators .................................................................................................................................. 18
IMPATT Injection-Locked Amplifier ...................................................................................................................................................... 19
Broadband Frequency Multipliers / VCOs ............................................................................................................................................. 21
Precision Calibrated CW Solid State Noise Sources .............................................................................................................................. 23
High Power Pulsed Noise Sources ............................................................................................................................................................. 26
Receiver Product and Control Components
Broadband Balanced Mixers, Receivers, Down Convertors ................................................................................................................. 28
Zero-Baised Detectors ................................................................................................................................................................................ 31
Solid-State Electrical Controlled Attenuators up to 170 GHz .............................................................................................................. 33
Drivers for Attenuators VCVA Series ...................................................................................................................................................... 35
Fast SPST Switches up to 150 GHz .......................................................................................................................................................... 36
Passive and Ferrite Waveguide Components
Straight Waveguaides, Bends, Twists, Transitions / Adapters .............................................................................................................. 37
Waveguide Directional Couplers .............................................................................................................................................................. 38
Circulators / Isolators ................................................................................................................................................................................. 40
Matched / Cryogenic Loads, Tunable Shorts .......................................................................................................................................... 43
Antenna Products
Cassegrain Antennas for OEM Market 26.5–140 GHz .......................................................................................................................... 44
Standart Gain Lens Horns up to 220 GHz .............................................................................................................................................. 48
Custom-Designed Horns up to 400 GHz .................................................................................................................................................. 49
Test Equipments
Mm-Wave High Sensitive Power Meters ................................................................................................................................................. 50
Real Time Mm-Wave Frequency Analyzers up to 180 GHz ................................................................................................................. 52
GPS Locked Mm-Wave Frequency Meter up to 170 GHz .................................................................................................................... 53
Radar Solutions
Industrial Distance Meter FMCW 94/10/x at 94 GHz ........................................................................................................................... 55
FMCW Radar Front-end FMCW 10/94/200/10 at 94 GHz ................................................................................................................... 57
Doppler Radar Front-end Modules at 24 GHz and 94 GHz ................................................................................................................. 59
Pulsed Noise Radar Front-end Module at 94 GHz ................................................................................................................................. 60
Telecom Solutions
PPC-1000 Series 1.25 Gbps Gigabit Ethernet Mm-Wave Link ............................................................................................................ 61
PPC-350 Series 350 Mbps Ethernet Mm-Wave Link ............................................................................................................................. 63
Mm-Wave TV / IP Broadcasting System (City-1) ................................................................................................................................... 65
Solutions for Scientific Application
High Sensitive Mm-Wave Radiometers for Plasma Diagnostics .......................................................................................................... 69
Interferometers and Reflectometers for Plasma Diagnostics up to 170 GHz ...................................................................................... 70
Mm-Bridges for EPR Spectrometers ....................................................................................................................................................... 71
2
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Millimeter Wave Broadband
BWO Sources 33–170 GHz
• 37–170 GHz in 7 bands
• Frequency accuracy 0.01 %
• Full waveguide sweep in all bands
• Fully packaged and automated
• Program from front panel or GPIB bus
• Remote controlled, phase lockable
• Bias tuneable for AFC
• High output power
Applications
• Instrumentation automated subsystems
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Source for Network Analysers, Plasma diagnostics and spectrometry
• Sweeping Heterodyne Receivers, frequency and spectrum analysis for gyrotrons
Description
G4-143x series
SGMW-x series
The G4-143x series is fully packaged sweeper
source. The microcomputer is integrated into the device
provides total control of the system. The sweeper selftests at turn-on. Two independent DAC’s control
frequency and output power. Minimal built-in full band
sweep time is 10 ms. User from front panel or GPIB
bus controls power, initial and final frequency, time of
sweep, internal amplitude modulation. Various
programs of power and frequency change are provided
including 10 user-defined programs. There are two
inputs for external frequency and power control. The
rugged High Voltage power supply is specially
designed to withstand the rapid voltage changes
inherent in BWO deceleration.
Each generator is individually calibrated for output
power versus frequency, with different power levels
and frequency versus control voltage relationships.
The SGMW-X series is fully packaged sweeper
source. The sweeper consists of external module with
BWO-X series and power supply. There are all the
electronic circuitry and power supplies required to
provide the operation of BWO. The sweeper self-tests
at turn-on. BWO tube is fully protected against
improper voltage connections. There are two inputs
for external frequency and power control. Phase
locking possibility is provided. Minimal built-in full
band sweep time is 10 ms.
One power supply can be used with different BWO.
Particularly, the remote module with BWO tube allows
using it at hard-to-reach places and can be installed quite
away, somewhere near a scientist’s work desk. Another
great advantage of this series of BWO sweepers is its
power supply unit, that allows feed up to few BWO
tubes even with different working frequencies.
Specifications
G4-143x
G4-143a
G4-143b
G4-143c G4-143d
G4-143e
G4-143f
G4-143g
BWO modules for SGMW BWO-Q
BWO-U
BWO-V BWO-E
BWO-W
BWO-F
BWO-D
Frequency Range, GHz
37–54
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140
110–170
Output waveguide type
WR22
WR19
WR15
WR12
WR10
WR8
WR6
Waveguide Flange
UG-383/U UG-383/U-M UG-385/U UG-387/U UG-387/U-M UG-387/U-M UG-387/U-M
Minimum CW power, mW
50
100
25
25
25
35
25
Typical peak power, mW
150
200
80
80
90
110
80
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3
Millimeter Wave Broadband
BWO Sources 33–170 GHz
Common specifications
Frequency accuracy in the CW mode, %
Built-in Sweep Time, ms
Maximum CW frequency stability for 15 min
Residual FM max
Output power regulation range, dB
Output VSWR
Internal square-wave modulation frequencies, kHz
External square-wave modulation frequencies, kHz
Voltage for External Frequency Control, VDC
Voltage for External Power Control, VDC
Operating temperature range, °C
AC Input Voltages:
Consumed power, VA
Size of G4-143x, mm
Size Power Supply SGMW, mm
Weight Power Supply SGMW, kg
Size BWO module for SGMW, mm
Weight BWO module for SGMW, kg
Length of connection cable for SGMW, m
±0.01
10*
±2ž10–4
±2ž10–5
0–10…20**
1.5
1–100
1–100
0…+10
0…+10
+5…+40
220 V, 50 Hz (110V/60Hz*)
400
495×180×480
490×240×270
25
150×180×200
4
1…2 (specify in order)
* Full one band sweep time: less then 200 microseconds with external frequency control.
** Uncontrolled (not specified) parameter.
How to Order
Specify Model Number SGMW-X-A, where
- X — type of BWO tubes
W — power supply with BWO-W, WD — power supply with BWO-W and BWO-D
- A — length of cable in meters.
Example
To order BWO sweeper meets the following specification: operation frequency 75–110 and 110–170 GHz
1.5 m connection cable, should be ordered as SGMW-WD-1.5.
Typical Data.
4
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Phase Locked BWO Source
SGMWPLL Series 33–170 GHz
• 37–170 GHz in 7 bands
• Quartz Frequency accuracy and stability
• Full waveguide sweep in all bands
• Program from front panel or GPIB bus
• Remote controlled, phase lockable
• High output power
Applications
• Instrumentation automated subsystems
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Source for Vector Analysers
• Antenna design and measurement
Description
Phase lockable SGMW-PLL series is based on standard SGMW series. External PLL circuit with reference
synthesizer 12–19 GHz allow to get full waveguide tunable synthesizer with high output power. Block diagram
of SGMW-PLL system is presented below:
Block-scheme of SGMW-PLL unit set up.
Specifications
BWO modules for SGMW BWO-Q
BWO-U
BWO-V
BWO-E
BWO-W
BWO-F
BWO-D
Frequency Range, GHz
37–54
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140
110–170
Output waveguide type
WR22
WR19
WR15
WR12
WR10
WR8
WR6
Waveguide Flange
UG-383/U UG-383/U-M UG-385/U UG-387/U UG-387/U-M UG-387/U-M UG-387/U-M
Minimum CW power, mW
45
85
20
20
20
30
22
Typical peak power, mW
135
170
70
70
80
90
70
How to Order
Specify Model Number SGMW-PLL-X-A, where
- X — type of BWO tubes
W — power supply with BWO-W, WD — power supply with BWO-W and BWO-D
- A — length of cable in meters.
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5
Submillimeter Wave Broadband
BWO Sources 180–1110 GHz
• 180–1110 GHz in 7 bands
• Full waveguide sweep in all bands
• Fast sweep possibility, 200 µs typical
• Fully packaged and automated
• Remote controlled, phase lockable
• High output power
Applications
• Instrumentation automated subsystems
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Source for Network Analysers
• Plasma diagnostics and spectrometry
• Sweeping Heterodyne Receivers
• frequency and spectrum analysis for gyrotrons
Description
ELVA-1 series SMW-XX is fully packaged sweeper. It consists of BWO OB-XX series, permanent, tube
alignment mechanical system and power supply. Optionally fully closed water cooling system would be
supplied. On the photo power supply with BWO tube is shown installed in the permanent magnet 0.8 T. The
device contains all the electronic circuitry and power supplies required to provide the operation of BWO.
BWO tube is fully protected against mistake of all operation voltage applications. Water flow alarm system
provides trouble-free operation. High voltage monitor is built-in. There is input for control of frequency by
means of an external voltage. Phase locking possibility is provided.
We supply each device with a personal calibration for output power and frequency. Typical dependencies
are presented on the plot below for SMW-24 and SMW-81 models:
The results presented above are obtained under the contract with JET (Joint European Torus, the largest
tokamak in the world).
Specifications
Model
BWO tube model
Operating range, GHz
Output power, typ, mW
Power difference in the range, max, dB
SMW-24
OB-24
179–263
20–50
13
SMW-30
OB-30
258–375
10–20
13
SMW-32
OB-32
370–535
4–10
10
SMW-80 SMW-81 SMW-82 SMW-83
OB-80
OB-81
OB-82
OB-83
526–714 667–857 789–968 882–1111
4–6
2–5
1–3
1–2
10
10
6
6
* Minimal output power depends on the used tube and can be different for various tubes of the same model.
6
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Submillimeter Wave Broadband
BWO Sources 180–1110 GHz
Common specifications
Frequency accuracy in the CW mode, %
Frequency stability for 15 min**
AM stability**, max, %
Residual FM, max
Sweep time, min, ms
Operating temperature range, °C
AC Input Voltages
Consumed power, VA
Size, mm
permanent magnet with BWO
power supply
Weight total, kg
±0.01
10–4
1
±5ž10–5
0.2–0.5*
5–40
220 VAC, 50 Hz or 110 VAC, 60 Hz
600
300×250×300
495×380×480
45
* Optionally.
** Stability is presented for the scheme with a permanent magnet.
Controller for PC microcomputer and software are available upon request.
Phase locked version upon request.
Power supply Specifications.
High voltage output:
Output Voltage range
-1000 V to -6000 V
Maximum current
59 mA
Long term voltage stability
10–5
Ripples and noise
< 10 mV
Discretization when setting the voltage
10 mV
Uncertainty of the output voltage measurement
< 0.002 %
Overload protection response time
< 30 µs
External Analog signal for output voltage control
0 to +10 V
High voltage monitor
0 …+10 V
Both the voltage and the current are displayed on LCD
Voltage adjustment: direct keyboard entry or pseudo-Analog rotary adjustment
Operational modes: fixed output voltage and sweeping output voltage
IEEE 488 interface
Cathode heater current output:
Current control range
Maximum voltage
Long term current stability
Ripples and noise
Discretization when setting up the voltage
Uncertainty of the output current measurement
Overload protection response time
Both the voltage and the current are displayed on LCD
0 to 2 A
7V
5×10–3
< 2 mA
10 mV
0.5 %
< 20 ms
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7
IMPATT Active Frequency
Multipliers 26–180 GHz
• Multiplication factor up to 25
• High efficiency
• High power output levels
• Low spurious harmonic content
• Fast switching
• Low phase and AM noise
Applications
• Power sources
• Electronic tuned power sources
• Millimeter wave frequency synthesizers
• Spectroscopy / Radiometry
• Digital Radio
Description
ELVA-1 series IMPATT Active Frequency Multipliers IAFM are really unique devices providing an
outstanding performance in terms of high efficiency and high output power. Available in multiplication factor
up to 25 in one device they cover the output frequency range of 20 to 180 GHz using centimeter-wave range
source. They are capable of handing very high input power without damage. Different IAFM’s would operate
with the same centimeter-wave range pumping source. For example, on the picture above you can see the
pumping source (20 mW, 7.2775 GHz) and three different multipliers: IAFM-28 (5th harmonic, 36.3875 GHz),
IAFM-15 (8th harmonic, 58.2200 GHz) and IAFM-10 (13th harmonic, 94.6075 GHz). The phase and amplitude
stability of the output signal defined by the quality of the pumping source. It is possible to achieve Hz resolution
on 150 GHz using state-of-the-art synthesized cm-wave source. The frequency multipliers are designed as a
module, that consists of centimeter-wave high power preamplifier, a multiplier itself, band-pass filter and
isolator. Current stabilizer included for reliable, trouble-free operation. The band-pass filter rejects the side
band noise of the source on about -50 dB. That allows to use the device as low noise solid state LO, if
intermediate frequency is higher then the frequency of rejection. The input of multiplier is a coaxial connector,
and the output is a waveguide flange.
Specifications
Model Number
IAFM-28 IAFM-22
Frequency Band
Ka
Q
Frequency Range, GHz*
26.5–40
33–50
Maximum Power Output**
150
150
Input signal power, mW
30–50
30–50
Multiplication factor
5–8
6–10
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
DC Power, V/A
-12/0.01 -12/0.01
+50/0.15 +45/0.15
IAFM-19 IAFM-15 IAFM-12 IAFM-10 IAFM-08 IAFM-06
U
V
E
W
F
D
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140 110–180
120
100
50
30–50
15–30
10–20
30–50
30–50
30–50
30–50
30–50
30–50
7–10
8–13
10–15
14–18
18–24
19–25
+12/0.6
+12/0.2
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
+12/0.6
-12/0.01 -12/0.01 -12/0.01 -12/0.01 -12/0.01 -12/0.01
+45/0.15 +35/0.15
+35/0.2
+27/0.2
+24/0.2 +24/0.26
* Operation bandwidth 3–5 %. Upon request 10 % version is available.
** Values are presented for the middle frequency of the frequency band.
8
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IMPATT Active Frequency
Multipliers 26–180 GHz
Common specifications
Output power flatness within the 1 % band width (max)
Rejection of adjacent harmonics (min)
VSWR
AM noise inserted (max)
1.5 dB
40 dB
1:1.3
-130 dB/Hz (white noise)
There is no additional noise produced by IAFM-XX in comparing with passive multipliers. It can be
estimated using the formula: Noise of pumping source +20 Lg(N) dB/Hz. For example, if 7 GHz pumping
source has -120 dB/Hz on 10 kHz offset from the carrier, after frequency multiplication on a factor of 20 the
noise of 140 GHz source on 10 kHz offset will be -120 dB/Hz + 20 Lg(20) = -94 dB/Hz.
Series IAFM-XX are designed for high reliability and applications in hard environments. The operating
temperature range: minus 50 to plus 70 °C and life time is equal to 50000 hours. Each model may be produced
with the possibility of the fast output power switching. 1 ns time of on/off switching is allowed.
Optionally the following items would be supplied to meet customer requirements:
• Complete very stable solid state millimeter wave source, that consists of the following:
Transistor oscillator stabilised by the dielectric resonator (DRO). 6–8 GHz, 10 mW output, 10–6
frequency stability. The stability would be increased upon request using a temperature stabilization
scheme.
Accuracy of frequency adjustment is about 5–50 MHz. The adjustment is provided on the factory
according to customer requirements.
• Millimeter wave sweeper on the base of Varactor Controlled Oscillator (6–8 GHz, 10 mW). Other
elements of the scheme are the same as above. Typical bandwidth is 0.5–1 %.
• The frequency bandwidth would be also increased upon request. The limit is the distance between nearest
harmonics, so it is impossible to provide the bandwidth more than the pumping frequency. The real
bandwidth would be about 50–80 % of the initial (pumping) frequency.
• IMPATT Injection-Locked Amplifiers of IILA series can be used to increase output power.
• Phase or amplitude modulators on base PIN switches of SPST series provides fast modulation.
• Amplitude regulator on base Voltage Controlled Attenuator of VCVA series makes smooth attenuation
of output power up to 60 dB.
• Power supply for AC Input Voltages 110 V, 60Hz; 220 V, 50 Hz can be supplied.
How to Order
Specify Model Number IAFM-XX/CF/BW, where
-XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
-CF — central frequency of operating bandwidth in GHz
-BW — operating bandwidth in GHz
Example
IAFM-10/94/2 ( W-band active frequency multiplier with output waveguide WR-10, central frequency 94
GHz, operating bandwidth2 GHz (+/–1GHz).
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9
Cavity Stabilized IMPATT
Millimeter Wave Oscillators 26–150 GHz
• 26–150 GHz
• High output power up to 50 mW
• Frequency accuracy +/- 10 MHz
• Frequency stability — 5*10–6 1/deg C
• Low phase noises
• Compact package
• Low cost
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Source for Plasma diagnostics and spectrometry
• LO for mm-wave mixers
• Stable LO with fixed frequency
• Communication systems
Description
ELVA-1 presents mm-wave oscillators of CIDO-XX family operating at fixed frequency. The CIDO-XX
are cavity-stabilized IMPATT diode oscillators. They provide high frequency stability and low phase noise
capability. They combine the extended frequency range and high output power of IMPATT oscillators with
stability and phase nose capabilities provided by cavity-stabilized Gunn oscillators. The CIDO-XX sources are
available in 8 waveguide bands covering 26 to 150 GHz. The CIDO-XX source consist of a waveguide cavity
IMPATT oscillator which is coupled to a high Q, high order mode cylindrical cavity. The cylindrical cavity is
made of Invar to improve the frequency stability over a broad temperature range. Operating temperature range
is -50 to +80 °C. Low pass EMI filter and current stabilizer included for reliable, trouble-free operation. The
device supplied with an integral isolator.
Standard CIDO-XX models are supplied mounted on a finned heat sink. These oscillators can maintain
their operating frequency within few megahertz over the normal operating temperature range without a
temperature controller or heater. An optional built-in temperature controlled heater can be supplied to maintain
the oscillator within a narrow operating temperature range. The frequency can be held in a much narrower
range. Custom configurations and performance characteristics different from standard models are available.
10
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Cavity Stabilized IMPATT
Millimeter Wave Oscillators 26–150 GHz
Specifications
Model Number
Frequency Band and Range,
GHz
Output Power (typ), mW
Frequency Stability,
1/°°C (typ)
Amplitude Stability,
dB/°°C (typ)
DC Power (IMPATT Bias),
V/A (max)
CIDO-28
Ka
26.5–40
50
CIDO-22
Q
33–50
40
CIDO-19
U
40–60
30
CIDO-15
V
50–75
30
CIDO-12
E
60–90
30
CIDO-10
W
75–110
30
CIDO-8
F
90–140
20
CIDO-6
D
110–150
10
10–5
8ž10–6
8ž10–6
6ž10–6
5ž10–6
5ž10–6
5ž10–6
5ž10–6
0.01
0.01
0.015
0.015
0.015
0.02
0.02
0.02
+50/0.15
+45/0.15
+45/0.15
+35/0.15
+35/0.2
+27/0.2
+24/0.25 +24/0.25
Accuracy of frequency adjustment is about few MHz. The adjustment is provided in the factory according
to customer requirements.
Typical performance.
Optionally the following items would be supplied to meet customer requirements:
1. IMPATT Injection-Locked Amplifiers IILA series to increase the output power;
2. Phase or amplitude modulator on the base of fast P-I-N switch SPST series;
3. Amplitude regulator on the base of Voltage Controlled Attenuator VCVA series;
4. Power supply for AC Input Voltages 110 V, 60 Hz; 220 V, 50 Hz.
How to Order
Specify Model Number CIDO-XX/F/P, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- F — operating frequency in GHz
- P — output power (nom).
Example
CIDO oscillator with the following specification: operation frequency 94.0 GHz, output power 20 mW,
output waveguide WR-10 has p/n CIDO-10/94/20.
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11
High Perfomance Fixed
IMPATT Oscillators 26–180 GHz
• High power output levels
• Ultra Low phase and AM noise
Applications
• Power sources
• Spectroscopy / Radiometry
• Digital Radio
Description
Complete High performance fixed IMPATT oscillators are very stable solid state millimeter wave source
with ultra low phase AM noise. The oscillator (FOM) consists of transistor Oscillator, power amplifier and
IMPATT frequency Multiplier. The 6-8 GHz, 20-50mW transistor oscillator is stabilized with dielectric
resonator (DRO), has narrow spectrum and ~10–6 frequency stability. The stability would be increased upon
request using a temperature stabilization scheme.
Specifications
Model Number
FOM-28
Frequency Band
Ka
Frequency Range, GHz
26.5–40
Maximum Power Output**
150
Input signal power, mW
30–50
Multiplication factor
5–8
+12/0.6
DC Power, V/A
-12/0.01
+50/0.15
FOM-22
Q
33–50
150
30–50
6–10
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+45/0.15
FOM-19
U
40–60
120
30–50
7–10
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+45/0.15
FOM-15
V
50–75
100
30–50
8–13
+12/0.2
-12/0.01
+35/0.15
FOM-12
E
60–90
50
30–50
10–15
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+35/0.2
FOM-10
W
75–110
30–50
30–50
14–18
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+27/0.2
FOM-08
F
90–140
15–30
30–50
18–24
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+24/0.2
FOM-06
D
110–180
10–20
30–50
19–25
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+24/0.26
** Values are presented for the middle frequency of the frequency band.
There is a block-scheme of phase noises measurements of FOM-10/94 oscillator at 94 GHz below.
See on picture, at 10 kHz offset, the difference in power between carrier and 10kHz offset marker is -69.6 dBc.
Taking into account that bandwidth is 1 kHz, the spectrum density of noise is -99.6 dBc/Hz. Assuming that we
have two equivalent sources the noise power of each source is 3 dB less, i. e. -102.6 dBc/Hz.
How to Order
Specify Model Number FOM-XX/F, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- F — operating frequency (fixed) in GHz.
Example
FOM-10/94 - Fixed frequency oscillator based on multiplier with output waveguide WR-10, operating
frequency 94 GHz.
12
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Voltage Controlled IMPATT
Oscillators 26–180 GHz
• High power output levels
• Wide tuning range
Applications
• Sweepable Power sources
• Spectroscopy / Radiometry
• Reflectometer, Interferometer
• FMCW radars
Description
Complete sweepable IMPATT oscillators consist of VCO 6–8 GHz, 50 mW output and IAFM multiplier.
The stability would be increased upon request using a temperature stabilization scheme.
Specifications
Model Number
VCOM-28
Frequency Band
Ka
Frequency Range, GHz*
26.5–40
Maximum Power Output**
150
Input signal power, mW
30–50
Multiplication factor
5–8
+12/0.6
DC Power, V/A
-12/0.01
+50/0.15
VCOM-22
Q
33–50
150
30–50
6–10
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+45/0.15
VCOM-19
U
40–60
120
30–50
7–10
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+45/0.15
VCOM-15
V
50–75
100
30–50
8–13
+12/0.2
-12/0.01
+35/0.15
VCOM-12
E
60–90
50
30–50
10–15
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+35/0.2
VCOM-10
W
75–110
30–50
30–50
14–18
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+27/0.2
VCOM-08
F
90–140
15–30
30–50
18–24
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+24/0.2
VCOM-06
D
110–180
10–20
30–50
19–25
+12/0.6
-12/0.01
+24/0.26
* Operation bandwidth up to 10 % is available.
** Values are presented for the middle frequency of the frequency band.
Common specifications
Output power flatness within the 1 % band width (max)
Rejection of adjacent harmonics (min)
VSWR
AM noise inserted (max)
Sweep time, min
Control voltage
1.5 dB
40 dB
1 : 1.3
-130 dB/Hz (white noise)
5 µs
+2…+22 V
How to Order
Specify Model Number VCOM-XX/CF/BW/P, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF — central frequency of operating bandwidth in GHz
- BW — operating bandwidth in GHz
- P — max output power in mW.
Example
VCOM-10/94/2/20 - Voltage controlled oscillator based on multiplier with output waveguide WR-10, central
frequency 94 GHz, operating bandwidth 2 GHz, max output power 20 mW.
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13
High Power Voltage
Controlled Oscillators
• High output power
• Digital / Electrical Frequency control
• High power and frequency stability
• Digital / Electrical control of output power level
• Ability of long-term frequency stability
• Stable spectrum
• Ability of remote control / diagnostics through
internet
• Long life time
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Mm-wave source of high power
• EPR spectrometer bridge
• DNP polarizer source
• Plasma diagnostics
• FMCW radar module
Description
Millimeter-wave oscillators of VCOM-XX series originally was designed for purposes of EPR
spectroscopy and plasma diagnostics. It provides electromagnetic energy within some range around of central
frequency with high output power. Original design uses low frequency stable voltage controlled oscillator
and frequency multiplier. To increase output power an IMPATT mm-wave power amplifier can be used. Max
value of output power level depends on requested frequency range. It can be 200 mW at 94 GHz, 50 mW at
140 GHz and 10 mW at 170 GHz.
Output power and frequency are controlled by means digital code signal (symbol D at end of p/n: VCOM…-DD, VCOM-…-DA, VCOM-…-DP models) or with external DC or pulse voltages (VCOM-…-T, VCOM…-DA, VCOM-…-DP models). Digital control models of VCOM-XX have built in frequency counter what
allows providing high long-term stability of output frequency. Also remote control and diagnostics of operation
through internet is admissible.
Reliable work of VCOM-XX oscillators allows using them in scientific experiments which last for long
time, a few weeks or even months.
There are set of standard models of the VCOM-XX oscillators now.
- T-analogue control of frequency and power level
- DD-digital control of frequency and power level
- DA-analogue and digital control (switchable modes)
- DP-digital control of output frequency, digital and analogue control of power level (up to 5 kHz pulse
modulation of power level available)
Custom designed VCOM models can be produced by special order.
14
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High Power Voltage
Controlled Oscillators
Specifications
Model
Central frequency
Bandwidth
Frequency Range (controlled)
Output power (controlled)
Spectrum line width at -3 dBc
Control attenuation
Flange / Waveguide
Operating Humidity at Temp range
+10 to +40 deg °C
For models with digital control
Frequency Step (max)
Power Level Step
Absolute accuracy of set: Frequency
within +10 to +40 deg °C
Settling time to major frequency
step within 0.5 MHz
Long term stability of reference
crystal oscillator:
at constant temperature
Output Frequency / Power Control
connector
Remote Diagnostic Protocol
Ethernet port
VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-XX
94 GHz
500 MHz
93.75–94.25 GHz
0–200 mW
100 kHz max
0…50 dB
UG-387/U-M /WR-10
VCOM-06/140/2/20-XX
140 GHz
2 GHz
139–141 GHz
0–20 mW
100 kHz max
0…50 dB
UG-387/U-M /WR-06
VCOM-06/170/2/10-XX
170 GHz
2 GHz
169–171 GHz
0–10 mW
100 kHz max
0…40 dB
UG-387/U-M /WR-06
< 70 % (non-condensing)
< 70 % (non-condensing)
< 70 % (non-condensing)
250 kHz
< 1mW
350 kHz
< 0.1mW
500 kHz
0.05mW
< 0.5M Hz
< 0.7 MHz
< 1 MHz
less than or equal
to 500 msec (max)
less than or equal
to 500 msec (max)
less than or equal
to 500 msec (max)
+/- 1 ppm per month
+/- 1 ppm per month
+/- 1 ppm per month
RS232/DB-9 Plug
RS232/DB-9 Plug
RS232/DB-9 Plug
Ethernet / SNMP v1
RG-45 Socket
Ethernet / SNMP v1
RG-45 Socket
Ethernet / SNMP v1
RG-45 Socket
Basic block-schemes of VCOM oscillator:
A. High power VCOM…-DD with digital control and remote control / diagnostics
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15
High Power Voltage
Controlled Oscillators
B. Wideband VCOM…-T (does not have powerful output power amplifier which limits operating bandwidth)
a)
b)
Control panel of VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-DA (a) and VCOM-06/140/0.5/50-DD oscillators (b)
Typical measured data of W- and D-band VCOM-XX oscillators:
How to Order
Specify Model Number VCOM-XX/CF/BW/P-AB, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF — central operating frequency in GHz
- BW — operating bandwidth, GHz
- P — output power (nom), mW
- AB type of output frequency and power control: -T or -DD, or -DA or -DP
Standard flange is UG-XXX/U-M round.
Example
VCOM-10/94/0.5/200-DD (W-band oscillator, WR-10 waveguide, Central frequency 94 GHz, Bandwidth
0.5 GHz, Output power 200 mW (typ), Digital control of output power and frequency).
16
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High Power Pulsed
IMPATT Oscillators
• High power output levels 3–30 W
• High efficiency
• Low spurious harmonic content
• Low phase and AM noise
Applications
• Power sources
• Radars
• Spectroscopy
Description
The power oscillator consists of a pulsed IMPATT free-running oscillator, a pulsed IMPATT injection
amplifier, two current modulators with chirp compensation and triggering voltage generator. Power output is
a waveguide flange, triggering pulse output is a coaxial SMA connector.
First Stage
Free Running
IMPATT Oscillator
Isolator
Second Stage IMPATT
Injection Amplifier
Power plug
Output flange
Triggering
Voltage
Generator
Pulsed current
sources with
chirp compensation
Common specifications
Fixed Operation Frequency in range, GHz
Output pulsed power, W
Pulse width, ns
Chirp bandwidth, GHz
Repetition Frequency, kHz
Output
DC Power
40–150*
30–3*
80
0.4
50
Standard waveguide with UG series flange
+48…+56 V DC / 100 mA,
+12±0.5 / 100 mA
* Typical performance: 20W at 94 GHz, 3.5W at 140 GHz.
How to Order
Specify Model Number PSFR-xx-A, where
- XX — center frequency
- A — AC voltage power supply
0 = no power supply, 1 = 110 VAC / 60 Hz, 2 = 220 VAC / 50 Hz, 3 = 100 VAV / 50 Hz.
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17
CustomDesigned
Solutions IMPATT Oscillators
• Voltage controlled oscillator at 150 GHz with high output power
• Free running Pulse Source 140 GHz @ 3.6 W with control output
Operating Frequency, GHz
Output Power, W
Pulse width, ns
Repetition Frequency, kHz
Phase Noise, dBc / Hz at 10 kHz
Biasing Voltage, V
Waveguide, flange
Data
140
3.6
80
50
-65
+27
WR-08, UG-387 / U-M
• Fixed oscillator at 130 GHz, Pout = 130 mW
Operating Frequency, GHz
Frequency stability, 1 / °C
Output Power, mW
Power Stability, dB / °C
Phase Noise, dBc / Hz at 10 kHz
Biasing Voltage, V
Waveguide, flange
Data
130
5*10-6
130
0.02
-65
+24, +12
WR-06, UG-387/U-M
• Fixed oscillator at 77 GHz, Pout = 15 mW
Operating Frequency, GHz
Frequency stability, 1 / °C
Output Power, mW
Power Stability, dB / °C
Phase Noise, dBc / Hz at 10 kHz
Biasing Voltage, V
Waveguide, flange
18
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Data
77
5*10-6
15
0.02
-65
+27
WR-12, UG-387/U-M
IMPATT
InjectionLocked Amplifier
• High output power
• CW and Pulse operation modes
• Current stabilizer included for reliable operation
• High power and frequency stability
• Digital / Electrical control of output power level
• Low amplitude noises due to saturation regime
• Long life time
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Mm-wave source of high power
• EPR spectrometer bridge
• DNP polarizer source
• Plasma diagnostics
• FMCW radar module
• Communication systems
Description
ELVA-1 Injection-locked Amplifiers IILA-XX series are intended for high-power amplification of CW
and pulse mm-wave signals. They are offered in the frequency range from 26 to 150 GHz in five waveguide
bands. They can operate from power level as low as 2–3 mW which can be obtained directly from Up-Converter
or frequency multiplier. When IILA-XX amplifier is injection locked FM noise of the output is the same as
the input injection signal. In the absence of an in-band input signal of sufficient power to attain injection lock,
there is a free running output signal.
The amplifiers are provided with integral circulators and DC voltage regulator. An operational heater is
available for better temperature stability. To achieve higher gain, broader locking bandwidth and higher output,
multistage and multi-diode configurations are also available.
Reliable work of IILA-XX oscillators allows using them in scientific experiments which last for long
time, a few weeks or even months.
Custom designed IILA-XX models can be produced by special order.
Specifications
Model
Central frequency from range (specify), GHz
Max CW power (typ), mW
Max pulse power, W
Injection locked bandwidth at -1dB level, MHz
Input injection power level range, dBm
Power output flatness (max), dB
DC power (IMPATT bias), V/A
Flange / Waveguide
IILA-22
40–50
200
15
300
+5…+10
+/-1
+45/0.4
UG-383/U
/WR-22
IILA-15
50–75
200
15
400
+5…+10
+/-1
+32/0.4
UG-385/U
/WR-15
IILA-10
75–110
200
10
500
+5…+10
+/-1
+27/0.4
UG-387/U-M
/WR-10
IILA-06
110–150
100
2
500
+5…+10
+/-1
+24/0.4
UG-387/U-M
/WR-06
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19
IMPATT
InjectionLocked Amplifier
Typical measured data of IILA-94/1.0/200/15 amplifier:
Photo of 400 mW power amplifier produced for special request
Input power 160 mW, output power 400 mW, F = 90 GHz
How to Order
Specify Model Number IILA-XX/CF/BW/P/I, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF — central operating frequency in GHz
- BW — operating bandwidth, GHz
- P — output power (nom), mW.
Example
IILA-10/94/0.5/200/20 (W-band IMPATT injection locked amplifier, WR-10 waveguide, Central frequency
94 GHz, Bandwidth 0.5 GHz, Output power 200 mW (typ), Input signal 20 mW.
20
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Broadband Frequency
Multipliers / VCOs
• Multiplication factor up to 9
• High efficiency
• Broad band operation
• Low spurious harmonic content
• Low phase and AM noise
• Small size, Compact design
• High reliability, rugged construction
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Sources of mm-wave power
• AM / PM possibility
• Electronic tuned power sources
• Spectroscopy / Radiometry
Description
Diode frequency multipliers are widely used in small size solid-state signal sources for use in mm-wave
range. Step-recovery and Schottky diodes are used as non-linear elements in the BFM-XX frequency
multipliers. The frequency multipliers have multiplication factor 2 or 3 and can be assembled in series. To
increase output power an intermediate power amplifier can be used between two multiplier stages. The highest
operating frequency reaches 170 GHz at multiplication factor 9. Nominal input frequency is within 11–20 GHz
frequency range and input power level up to 100 mW. The phase and amplitude stability of the output signal
are defined by the quality of the pumping source. The input of a multiplier is a coaxial connector, and the
output is a waveguide flange.
A broad band millimeter-wave voltage controlled oscillator (mm-wave VCO) can be assembled using a
BFM-XX multiplier and 11–20 GHz VCO.
Specifications
Model Namber
Frequency Range (GHz)
Input Waveguide
Waveguide Flange
Total multiplication
factor (first X second stages)
Signal purity, dBc
Output power (typ, mW)
Input power (nom, mW)
Input frequency (GHz)
BFM-28/2
26.5–40 GHz
WR-28
UG-599/U
BFM-22/3
33–50 GHz
WR-19
UG-383/U
BFM-15/4
50–75 GHz
WR-15
UG-385/U
BFM-10/6
75–110 GHz
WR-10
UG-387/U-M
BFM-06/9
110–170 GHz
WR-06
UG-387/U-M
2
3
4(2×2)
6(2×3)
9(3×3)
> 25 dB
7–11
100
13.25–20
> 20 dB
3–6
100
11–16.66
> 20 dB
2–5*
1
12.5–18.75
> 20 dB
1–3*
1
12.5–18.33
> 10 dB
0.1–0.5
1
12.22–18.88
* An intermediate power amplifier is installed between two multiplication stages.
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21
Broadband Frequency
Multipliers / VCOs
Typical data of output frequency are presented in the plots below.
Schematic diagram of BFM-10/6
Outline drawing of BFM-10/6 multiplier (mm)
How to Order
Specify Model Number BFM-XX/M, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- M — multiplication factor.
Example
BFM-10/6 (W-band sextupler)
BFM-06/9 (D-band nanupler).
22
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Precision Calibrated CW
Solid State Noise Sources
• ENR 12…15 dB typical
• High stability
• Good flatness
• No high voltage supply required
• Compact solid state source
• High reliability, rugged construction
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Mm-wave noise source
• Calibration
• Noise figure measurement
Description
ELVA-1 solid-state noise source ISSN-XX series delivers a uniform level of noise power spectral density
within the whole waveguide frequency range. Sources are available in eight waveguide bands covering
26.4–170 GHz. A Silicon IMPATT diode is employed as a fundamental building block of the source. High
stability of the device allows it to be used for test and instrumentation applications in place of gas-tube
noise sources. Low DC power requirements eliminate the need for complex high voltage supplies. There
are two operation modes: CW mode and pulsed AM mode with modulation frequency up to 1 kHz. Typical
value of excess noise ratio (ENR) as a function of frequency is given on the plot below.
Block Diagram:
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23
Precision Calibrated CW
Solid State Noise Sources
Inputs and Controls:
Power / Triggering
Inversion Switch
Mm-power ON
indicator
+18…+28VDC
(BNC Female)
Triggering
(SMA Female)
Notes:
Power / Triggering Inversion Switch can be used for manual ON/OFF. “INV” position is ON.
Microwave power can be switched with TTL-level control voltage.
If Triggering Inversion Switch is in OFF (Down) position active level is high, otherwise (INV position) —
active level is low.
Specifications
Model Namber
Frequency Band
and Range, GHz
Input waveguide
Wavequide Flange
Bandwidth, GHz (min)
ENR, dB (nom)
Typical Flatness, dB
Stability, dB / °C
Stability / Day, dB (typ)
Biasing Voltage, V
Sizes, mm Cylinder
diameter / length
(without isolator)
ISSN-28
Ka
26.5–40
WR28
UG-383/U
ISSN-22
Q
33–50
WR22
UG-383/U
ISSN-15
V
50–75
WR15
UG-385/U
Full
14
±1.5
0.01
0.05
ISSN-19
U
40–60
WR19
UG-383
/U-M
Full
13
±1.5
0.01
0.05
Full
15
±1
0.01
0.05
50/75
50/75
50/75
50/75
ISSN-12
E
60–90
WR12
UG-387/U
Full
Full
13
13
±1.5
±1.5
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.05
+18…+28
50/60
ISSN-10
W
75–110
WR10
UG-387
/U-M
Full
12
±1.5
0.01
0.05
ISSN-08
F
90–140
WR8
UG-387
/U-M
Full
12
±1.5
0.01
0.05
ISSN-06
D
110–170
WR6
UG-387
/U-M
Full
12
±2
0.01
0.05
50/60
50/60
50/60
Notes:
Maximum operating temperature is +60 °C.
Diode operating current is 50…100 mA.
A limiting value of modulation frequency is 1 kHz (external triggering).
Triggering signal amplitude is TTL level.
Bias voltage is +18 V It is possible to supply the noise source with +28 VDC biasing for the compatibility
with commonly used noise meters.
External triggering connector is SMA female.
ENR would be increased for narrower bandwidth. Please contact factory.
24
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Precision Calibrated CW
Solid State Noise Sources
Power supply for input power 220 VAC / 50 Hz, 110 VAC / 60 Hz or 100 VAC / 50 Hz are available
optionally.
For the precision control and fast modulation of the output power of the source Voltage Controlled
Attenuator VCVA-XX series can be supplied optionally.
How to Order
Specify Model Number ISSN-XX/BW/V, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- BW — operating bandwidth in GHz (nothing if full band)
- V — type of power supply: 18 or 28 if external power supply +18 VDC or +28 VDC of customer’s lab will
be used (specify voltage), 110 or 220 if external 110 VAC or 220 VAC power supply is requested together
with noise source.
Example
ISSN-10/28 — W-band noise source with output waveguide WR-10, full band 75–110 GHz, external power
supply +28 VDC not requested
ISSN-06/110–140/220 — D-band noise source with output waveguide WR-06, operating frequency
110–140 GHz, external 220 VAC power supply requested as well.
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25
High Power
Pulsed Noise Sources
• Powerful incoherent source
• 1 Watt typical output power in W-band
• High stability
• Good flatness
• 5 GHz white noise spectrum
• No high voltage supply required
• Compact solid state source
• High reliability, rugged construction
Applications
• Target illumination in noise radar systems
• Concealed weapons detection systems
• Noise figure measurement
• Instruments and test equipment
• Space and Hi-Rel systems
Description
ELVA-1 high power noise sources employ specially designed silicon IMPATT diodes, operating in a pulse
mode. It delivers the real incoherent radiation within 5 GHz bandwidth. 1 W level of output power allows to
use the device for illumination of targets for the improvement of sensitivity of passive radiometers. The sources
are available for all frequencies from 26 to 140 GHz. Low DC power requirements eliminate the need for
complex high voltage supplies. The device is supplied with pulsed current source and triggering circuit. Both
external and internal triggering modes are provided. Built-in digitally controlled generator allows to install
repetition frequency within 10 Hz — 100 kHz range.
26
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High Power
Pulsed Noise Sources
Specifications
Model Number
Frequency Band
Frequency Range, GHz
Pulse Power Output, W
ENR flatness, dB
Pulse width, ns
Duty factor
Biasing voltages, VDC
PNS-28
Ka
26.5–40
1
±1.5
60–100
> 100
100
PNS-10
Q
75–110
0.7
±1.5
60–100
> 100
48
PNS-08
F
90–120
0.5
±1.5
60–100
> 100
56
PNS-06
D
120–140
0.5
±1.5
60–100
> 100
56
VSWR of the load should not exceed 2:1. Operating temperature range -40…+50 °C. Specifications would
be adjusted according to customer’s requirements. Please contact factory for other frequency ranges,
bandwidths, pulse lengths and others. Device is designed in cylinder 120 mm length and 70 mm diameter.
Special protection scheme is integrated against an application of more then one triggering pulse within
10 µs. To protect the diode the system ignores all pulses during 10 µs period after the last triggering.
The device is supplied with built-in digitally controlled triggering generator with variable repetition
frequency within 10 Hz… 100 kHz. 256 values of repetition frequency are available. The desired frequency
would be installed by dip switches or by 8 bit TTL bus. Pulse duration would be decreased optionally up to
5 ns using fast PIN switch, FPS series. To control the amplitude of the source Voltage Controlled Attenuator
VCVA series would be supplied optionally.
Typical picture of noise pulse measured on the output of detector with 50-Ohm load is presented below:
Integration time of the detector is about 3 ns, scale is 20 ns per division.
How to Order
Specify Model Number PNS-XX-ABBC
- XX — waveguide band (WR-Number)
- A — flange type
R = round, S = square (WR-28 only)
- BB — pulse duration in nanoseconds.
Consult ELVA-1 for another pulse duration
- C — AC voltage power supply options
1 = 110 VAC / 60 Hz, 2 = 220 VAC / 50 Hz, 3 = 100 VAV / 50 Hz.
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27
Broadband Balanced Mixers,
Receivers, Down Convertors
• 26.5–220 GHz operating frequency
• 6–12 dB conversion losses
• Good flatness
• Up to 22 GHz IF
• Up to 40 dB balance
• Required LO power 1…20 mW
• VSWR 2:1 (typ)
Applications
• Low noise Receivers of mm-wave signal
• Down converters
• Instruments and test equipment
Description
Broadband balanced mixers are the key part of mm-wave
receivers, down converters numerous instruments and test
equipment. Standard line of ELVA-1’s balanced mixers BMXX/LO/IF/N series provide low conversion losses and low
noise figure of the devices within wide frequency band from
26,5 GHz to 220 GHz.
The BM-XX/LO/IF/N mixers are based on Ga-As
Schottky diodes of ELVA-1 own manufacturing. They provide
their features within whole waveguide band of RF and LO
frequencies. Using original design of the mixer allows
reaching IF up to 22 GHz and LO/IF isolation up to 30…40
dB. Standard mixers demand about 10 mW LO power and
work without external biasing.
There are Balanced Mixers producing on custom design
together with standard product line. They can work with lower LO power levels at 1–2 mW and higher IF
frequencies up to 22 GHz. Low LO power Balanced mixers are biased and have the fourth coaxial input.
Harmonic mixers are also available for producing. The harmonic mixers have a bit worse conversion
losses then mixers working at fundamental harmonic. The advantage of the harmonic mixers is they can be
used in the receivers which do not have a LO source with as high operating frequency as RF signal.
To provide lower noise figure and to have higher RF to IF gain there are balanced mixers BMA-X/LO/
IF series with built-in IF pre-amplifier.
Two main designs of the balanced mixers: axed and angle ones, are shown in the pictures above.
Typical specifications of BM-XX/LO/IF/N balanced mixers is given below.
28
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Broadband Balanced Mixers,
Receivers, Down Convertors
Specifications
Model Namber
Frequency Band
and Range, GHz
Input waveguide
Waveguide Flange
Conversion losses
at RF LO over full
waveguide band, IF:
0.01–8 GHz, dB (max)
Conversion losses
at fixed LO, IF:
0.01–8 GHz, dB (max)
Conversion losses
at fixed LO, IF:
8–18 GHz, dB (max)
BM28/XX
Ka
26.5–40
WR28
UG-599/U
BM22/XX
Q
33–50
WR22
UG-383/U
BM19/XX
U
40–60
WR19
UG-383
/U-M
BM15/XX
V
50–75
WR15
UG-385/U
BM12/XX
E
60–90
WR12
UG-387/U
BMBMBM10/XX
08/XX
06/XX
W
F
D
75–110 90–140 110–170
WR10
WR8
WR6
UG-387 UG-387 UG-387
/U-M
/U-M
/U-M
8
8
8.5
9
9.5
10
—
—
6
7
7
7.5
7.5
8
8
8.5
7 IF
< 13.5 GHz
7.5 IF
< 17 GHz
7.5
8
8
8.5
9
9
Notes:
1. Maximum operating temperature is +60°C.
2. Incident max CW RF power: 20 mW (typ).
3. RF power at 1 dB compression: 1 dBm (typ).
4. IF, bias connectors: SMA female.
5. BM-05 mixers are available upon request.
Typical Application: mm-wave receiver / down converter
The Balanced mixers are frequently used as a part of a mm-wave receivers / down converters. Also
ELVA-1 offers the rest components of the down converters: High stable local oscillator to drive balanced
mixer and waveguide filters. Due to the down converters have two received frequency bands lower and
higher LO frequency some waveguide filters can be installed at RF port of the Balanced mixer to suppress
needless signals.
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e-mail: [email protected]
29
Broadband Balanced Mixers,
Receivers, Down Convertors
Typical outward view and measured data of a receiver / down converter are presented below:
F-band Downconverter
LO = 121.4 GHz RF = 127.4–139.4 GHz
IF = 6…18 GHz (LPF and BPF used)
LO
Waveguide
filers
Balanced
mixer
Conversion Losses of the Downconverter
Flo = 121.4 GHz RF = 127.4–139.4 GHz
How to Order
Specify Model Number BM-XX/LO/IF/N/A/Â, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- LO — LO frequency (or operating range), F — if full band
- IF — intermediate frequency range
- N — number of operating harmonic, nothing if N = 1
- A — with built-in power amplifier at output, nothing if without output power amplifier
- B — requires bias, nothing if no bias.
Example
BM-10/F/4 — W-band mixer, LO = 75–110 GHz, IF = 4 GHz
BM-06/142/6–18 — D-band mixer, LO = 142 GHz, IF = 6–18 GHz
BM-10/12–18/1/6 — W-band mixer, LO = 12–18 GHz, IF = 1 GHz, harmonic number 6
BM-10/94/0.5–1.5/A — W-band mixer, LO = 94 GHz, IF = 0.5–1.5 GHz, harmonic number 1, with built-in
output power amplifier.
Delivery time 6–8 weeks for standard models. Custom designed mixers are delivered within 12 weeks ARO.
All ELVA-1 balanced mixers are warranted by the manufacturer for one year after receipt.
30
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ZeroBiased Detectors
• 26.5 to 220 GHz
• High sensitivity
• No bias
• Compact design
• High reliability, rugged construction
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Sensors of mm-wave power
Description
ZBD-series Zero Biased Detectors are available
in both polarities. Using a Schottky barrier beam lead
diode design these detectors offer a cost-effective
solution for broadband power detection systems. They
provide high sensitivity to small signals and linear
response up to -15 dBm.
Specifications
Model Number*
Frequency Range
(GHz)
Input Waveguide
Waveguide Flange
Typical / Min Video
Sensitivity at -20 dBm
Input (mV/mW)
Typical Flatness (dB)
Typical Video Output
Load (MOhm)
Typical Video
Bandwidth (MHz)
Incident CW RF
Power (typ, dBm)
ZBD-28
ZBD-22
ZBD-19
ZBD-15
ZBD-12
ZBD-10
ZBD-08
ZBD-06
26.5–40
33–50
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140
110–170
WR-28
UG-599/U
WR-22
UG-383/U
WR-12
UG-387/U
WR-10
UG-387
/U-M
WR-08
UG-387
/U-M
WR-06
UG-387
/U-M
3500/
2000
3000/
1500
2500/
1300
2000/
1000
1700/
800
1500/
700
1300/
500
500/
200
±1.5
±1.5
±1.5
±1.5
±2.0
±2.0
±2.5
±2.5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
+10
+10
+10
+13
+13
+15
+15
+17
WR-19
WR-15
UG-383 UG-385/U
/U-M
* ZBD-05 detectors can be produced by special request.
Outline drawing of ZBD-06 detector
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31
ZeroBiased Detectors
Typical sensitivity and linearity data presented in the plot below.
Detectors of ZBDA-XX series supplied with built-in buffer amplifier at ZBD output. The amplifier protects
Schottky diode against wrong actions (short circuit at output, static electricity) and helps increase reliability
of ZBDA-XX detectors. The ZBDA-XX detectors are fed with DC bias voltage (+5 VDC…+10 VDC).
How to Order
Specify Model Number ZBD(A)-XX/F/P, where
- symbol A means output power amplifier exists
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- F — central frequency (or operating range), nothing if full band
- P — max input power level in mW.
Example
ZBD-10/20 (W-band detector, full operating bandwidth, max input power 20 mW
ZBD-10/92–96/10 (W-band detector, operating bandwidth 92–96 GHz, max input power 10 mW
ZBDA-06/140/70 (D-band detector with built-in power amplifier, central frequency 140 GHz, max input
power 70 mW.
32
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SolidState Electrical Controlled
Attenuators up to 170 GHz
• Low insertion losses
• High isolation
• Low cost
• Low switching time
• Full band operation
• Easy to use
Applications
• Alternative for polarization attenuators
• Alternative for p-i-n modulators
• AM of microwave signals.
• Power control
• Lock-in detection systems
Description
ELVA-1 series Voltage-Controlled Variable Attenuators VCVA is built on the base of PIN diodes as an
active element. Modern technology allows to combine advantages of different types of attenuators and
modulators in one device. Full band operation, accuracy, 60 dB attenuation range and small insertion losses
are comparable with specification for polarization attenuators. On the other hand a small switching time allows
to use the device instead Faraday rotation ferrite modulators or ON/OFF type p-i-n modulators. The attenuators
are designed as a gold covered waveguide section and have a high reliability. The basic unit is a current
controlled attenuator. We propose also an external driver which provides a voltage current conversion and a
switching time up to the 25 µsec. We supply each device with personal calibration characteristics. Typical
characteristics for the VCVA-10 model are shown on two plots below: attenuation versus control voltage with
fixed frequency and attenuation versus frequency with different control voltages.
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33
SolidState Electrical Controlled
Attenuators up to 170 GHz
Specifications
Model
Frequency Band
Range, GHz
VCVA-42 VCVA-28 VCVA-22 VCVA-19 VCVA-15 VCVA-12 VCVA-10 VCVA-08 VCVA-06
K
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
18–26.5
26–40
33–50
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140 110–170
Wideband Version
Bandwidth, %
20
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
Insertion Loss, dB (typ)
0,7
0,7
0,8
0,8
0,8
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
Isolation, dB (min)
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
Peak Power, W (max)
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
Switching Time, µsec**
100
50
50
50
50
50
25
25
25
DC Bias Input, mA
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Full band Version
Bandwidth, %
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Insertion Loss
0,7
1,8
2,0
2,0
2,0
2,0
2,0
3,0
3,0
Isolation, dB (min)
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
50*
45*
Peak Power, W(max)
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
Switching Time, µsec**
100
50
50
50
50
50
25
25
25
DC Bias Input, mA
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
* The models with 60 dB Isolation are available upon request.
** Guaranteed for Rise Time 0–90 % RF and Fall Time 100–10 % RF. Models with twice lower switching time are available
upon request for the 50–170 GHz frequency range.
Mechanical Specifications.
ELVA-1 provides different issues:
- Flat mount flanges
- With extension waveguides
34
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e-mail: [email protected]
Drivers for
Attenuators VCVA Series
ELVA-1 offers drivers series for control of Solid-State electrical controlled attenuators.
• Analog Linear Driver, Part No. ADL-10/100.
This deriver converts 0…+10 V input volts to 0…+100 mA biasing current for feeding of attenuator.
Specifications
Input signal
Output current
Power supply
Control Input / Output connectors
0..+10 V
0…100 mA
+/-12 VDC 120 mA(max)
SMA female
• Analog Linear Driver with fast switching mode, Part No. ADLFM-10/100.
This deriver provides two modes of operation: ‘slow mode’ and ‘fast mode’. In ‘slow mode’ driver operates
as a linear converter voltage to current and provides 0…+10 V input voltage range volts to 0…+100 mA output
current. Second mode allows to use VCVA as “on/off” fast modulator. In “fast mode” the driver applies a
short negative voltage pulse to accelerate the fall time. Typical Response Function of the attenuation for VCVA
is shown on the plot below.
Specifications for ‘slow mode’
Input signal
Output current
Power supply
Control Input / Output connectors
0..+10 V
0…100 mA
+/-12 VDC 120 mA (max)
SMA female
Attenuation response function for ‘slow’ and ‘fast’ modes
• GPIB and RS-232 Driver, Part No. GPDVC-15/100/RS.
This deriver can operate via GPIB and RS-232 interfaces. User should send 12 bits code for setting desired
attenuation. The driver converts sent code in biasing current in range 0–100 mA.
Specification
Input range
Output current
Power supply
Control Output connectors
12 bits
0…100 mA
100–240 V AC
SMA female
• Digital Drivers.
Upon request Elva-1 can design driver with any digital interface. Please contact with factory.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
35
Fast SPST Switches
up to 150 GHz
• Low insertion losses
• High isolation
• Low cost
• Fast switching time
• More then 10 % bandwidth operation
• Easy to use
Applications
• Radars
• Fast protection system
• AM of microwave signals
• Lock-in detection systems
Description
ELVA-1 series fast SPST switches is built on slim film PIN
diodes. Built-in driver provides switching time 4–6 ns and unique
technology allows to get more then 10 % operation with small
insertion losses and isolation more then 30 dB.
Specifications
Model
SPST-42 SPST-28 SPST-22 SPST-19 SPST-15 SPST-12 SPST-10 SPST-08 SPST-06
Frequency Band
K
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
Range, GHz
18–26.5
26–40
33–50
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140 110–150
Insertion Loss, dB (typ)
0,7
0,7
0,8
0,8
0,8
1,0
1,0
1,5
1,5
Isolation, dB (min)
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
30*
Peak Power, W (max)
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
0,8
Switching Time, nsec**
4–6
4–6
4–6
4–6
4–6
4–6
4–6
4–6
4–6
Common specifications
Supply
Control signal
Control Input impedance
+/-5V DC
TTL
50 Ohm
* The models with 60 dB Isolation are available upon request.
** Guaranteed for Rise Time 0–90 % RF and Fall Time 100–10 % RF.
Typical data for different models are presented below.
How to Order
Specify Model Number SPST-XX/AA/BB
- XX — waveguide band (WR-Number)
- AA — Center operation frequency (fo), GHz
- BB — Operation bandwidth (fo +/-BB), GHz.
36
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Straight Waveguides, Bends,
Twists, Transitions / Adapters
• 26.5–220 GHz operating frequency
• Low Insertion loss
Applications
• Mm-wave components assembling
• Subsystems
Description
Different waveguide parts like straight waveguide sections (SWG-XX/L), bends (WB-XX/E/A), tapered
transitions / adapters (WGT-XX/YY/L) are used for assembling of mm-wave components. ELVA-1 produce
all the list of necessary elements.
Straight waveguide sections have flanges at ends and can vary in length.
Twists and bends are used for connection of mm-wave components which has different waveguide
orientation. They are short sections and have standard waveguide flanges at ends.
Tapered transitions are intended for connection of mm-wave devices with different waveguide dimensions
and flange types. Can be produced also in accordance with custom design.
The waveguide components use standard rectangular cupper tube with standard waveguide dimensions
or are made using electroforming technologies.
Standard components are silver plated.
Custom requests are acceptable for the waveguide components.
How to Order
Specify Model Number
- straight waveguide sections: SWG-XX/L
- bends: WB-XX/E/A
- twists: TW-XX/A
- tapered transitions / adapters: WGT-XX/YY, where
- XX and YY — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- L — length
- E — can be E for E-plane bend or H for H-plane bend
- A — bend angle, empty if 90 degrees.
Example
SWG-10/20 (Straight W-band waveguide section with flanges, WR-10 waveguide. Length 20 mm
WB-12/H (E-band waveguide bend with flanges, WR-12 waveguide, H-plane, 90 degrees angle
WB-06/E/45 (D-band waveguide bend with flanges, WR-06 waveguide, E-plane, 45 degrees angle.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
37
Waveguide Directional Couplers
• 50–220 GHz operating frequency
• Low Insertion loss
• High directivity
Applications
• Power sampling
• Test equipment
• Subsystems
Description
ELVA series DC-XX 3-port directional couplers are available in six waveguide bands from 50 to 220
GHz. The standard coupling levels are 3, 6, 10, 20, 30 and 40 dB with full waveguide operational bandwidth.
ELVA directional couplers have directivity of up to 40 dB for frequencies below 110 GHz and 30 dB for upper
frequencies.
Directional couplers are in common use for the purpose of transmitting power into a waveguide circuit
without perturbing the operating characteristics of the circuit. These couplers are particularly suitable for
frequency monitoring and measurement of RF power (transmitted or reflected) in circuits. Directional couplers
are used for scalar network analyzers, and for signal sampling in instruments or subsystems.
The directional couplers can be used in different high-frequency equipments. They are used for dividing
input signals into multiple output signals with minimum loss of power (forward direction). The standard
directional couplers have 3 ports.
Fig. Scheme of 3-port directional coupler
Producing of other directional couplers is possible upon special request. Energy transfer can be done from
any port to any directions (it depends on the purpose of the device). The examples are the following:
Fig. Scheme of 4-port directional couplers of different design
In practice, the most popular models have 3 ports. The basic function of a 3-port directional coupler is to
operate on an input (P1) so that two output signals (P2 and P3) are available. The output signals are unequal
in amplitude. The larger signal is at the mainline output port (P2). The smaller signal is at the secondary port
(P3).
38
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Waveguide Directional Couplers
If the input signal (P1*) is applied to the opposite port (power is transmitted in the back direction) some
part of the power is reflected to the opposite direction in secondary waveguide. It is possible to measure it as
P3*. The difference in dB of the output power P3 and P3* is called directivity.
Main characteristics of the directional couplers
Transmistion
Coupling value
Insertion losses
Directivity
= 10Log(P2/P1)
= 10Log(P3/P1)
= 10Log((P2+P3)/P1)
= 10Log(P3/P3*), P1* = P1
Typical directional couplers data presented in plots below.
Model Number
Frequency band, GHz
Waveguide
Coupling value, dB
Insertion losses, dB
Directivity, dB
VSWR
DC-15
50–75
WR-15
3, 6, 10,
20, 30, 40
0.8
30–40
1.08:1
DC-12
60–90
WR-12
3, 6, 10
20, 30, 40
0.9
30–40
1.1:1
DC-10
75–110
WR-10
3, 6, 10
20, 30, 40
1.0
30–40
1.15:1
DC-08
90–140
WR-08
3, 6, 10
20, 30, 40
1.2
30–35
1.2:1
DC-06
110–170
WR-06
3, 6, 10
20, 30
1.4
30–35
1.25:1
DC-05
140–220
WR-05
3, 6, 10
20
1.5
25–30
1.4:1
How to Order
Specify Model Number DC-XX/C, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- C — coupling value.
Example
DC-10/10 (W-band directional coupler, WR-10, coupling value 10 dB
DC-06/20 (D-band directional coupler, WR-06, coupling value 20 dB.
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39
Circulators / Isolators
• 26.5–220 GHz operating frequency
• Narrow band and full band types
• Low insertion losses
• High isolation
• Compact size
Applications
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Junction of some parts of sub-systems
• Matching of several waveguide components
• Base of multi-junction devices (injection-locked
amplifier)
Description
26.5–220GHz Circulators and Isolators are ferrite waveguide components. There are two kinds of the
products operating within narrow frequency band (1–4 GHz) and full waveguide band. Junction circulators /
isolators are narrow band. Wideband devices base on Faraday rotation effect. Used in many waveguide schemes
for junction their parts and for matching different components and protecting against reflected mm-wave power.
Standard line of ELVA-1’s circulators CR-XX/CF/BW series provide low insertion losses and high
isolation for all three ports. They have operation frequency band up to 4 GHz. Better performances of the
circulators can be provided within narrow frequency band.
The IS-XX/CF/BW isolators realized by terminating of one port of the junction circulators. Ideally suit
for suppression of reflected power coming from any waveguide devices with high VSWR.
Full band isolators IF-XX have good performances within full waveguide range. Mainly used in wideband
sources or receivers for suppression mm-wave power propagating in one fixed direction. Have small insertion
losses.
Specifications
Narrow band circulators CR-XX/CF/BW series:
1
2
3
Central frequency:
Bandwidth:
Insertion losses:
1 to 2, 2 to 3, 3 to 1
Isolation:
2 to 1, 3 to 2, 1 to 3
VSWR
40
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CR-XX/CF/BW
Fixed from 26.5–110 GHz
Fixed from 110–170 GHz
2-4 GHz
1 GHz
2-4 GHz
1 GHz
0.7 dB
0.5 dB
1 dB
0.7 dB
23 dB (min)
1.2 (typ)
30 dB
20 dB (min)
1.3 (typ)
25 dB
Circulators / Isolators
Narrow band isolators IS-XX/CF/BW series:
Central frequency
Bandwidth
Insertion losses
Isolation
VSWR
IS-XX/CF/BW
Fixed from 26.5–110 GHz Fixed from 110–170 GHz
2-4 GHz
1 GHz
2-4 GHz
1 GHz
0.7 dB
0.5 dB
1 dB
0.7 dB
23 dB (min)
30 dB
20 dB (min)
25 dB
1.2 (typ)
1.3 (typ)
Note: CR/IS-05 circulators / isolators can be produced upon special request.
Typical data of circulators / isolators presented in the plots below.
Full band Faraday Isolators IF-XX series:
Model
Operating bandwidth, GHz
Insertion losses
Isolation
VSWR
Waveguide
Flange
IF-15
50–75
1.7 dB
25 dB
1.3:1
WR-15
UG-385/U
IF-12
60–90
1.8 dB
25 dB
1.3:1
WR-12
UG-387/U
IF-10
75–110
2.2 dB
25 dB
1.4:1
WR-10
UG-387/U-M
IF-08
IF-06
90–140
110–170
2.7 dB
3.3 dB
25 dB
25 dB
1.4:1
1.5:1
WR-08
WR-06
UG-387/U-M UG-387/U-M
Note: IF-28/22/19/05 Faraday isolators can be produced upon special request.
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e-mail: [email protected]
41
Circulators / Isolators
Typical data of circulators / isolators presented in the plots below.
How to Order
Specify Model Number CR/IS/IF-XX/CF/BW, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF — central frequency (GHz), nothing if full band
- BW — or operating range (GHz), nothing if full band.
Example
IS-10/94/1 (W-band isolator, WR-10, Central frequency 94 GHz, Bandwidth 1 GHz)
CR-06/140/2 (D-band circulator, WR-06, Central frequency 140 GHz, Bandwidth 2 GHz)
IF-06 (D-band Faraday isolator, WR-06, full band 110–170 GHz).
42
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Matched / Cryogenic
Loads, Tunable Shorts
• Up to 220 GHz operating frequency
• (1.03…1.15) : 1 load VSWR
• > 20 : 1 Short VSWR
• Wide band and narrow band units
• Compact size
• Easy mounting
Applications
• Easy mounting
• Laboratory measurement and test equipment
• Subsystems and assembles
• Absolute calibration (cryogenic loads)
Description
Matched (Cryogenic) loads consist of tapered absorbers within a waveguide section. Tunable Shorts have
micrometer screw to move short circuits plane and vary path length.
Standard line of ELVA-1’s matched loads ML-XX/CF/BW series provide low level of reflected power
within a narrow or full waveguide band.
Cryogenic loads CL-XX/BW are to be used for absolute calibration tests: radiometers, noise souses,
receivers, noise figure measurements. They can be narrow or full band as well.
The SC-XX tunable shorts ideally suit for precise adjusting of waveguide path length. Joined with
circulators CR-XX/CF/BW series create tunable phase shifter PS-XX/CF/BW.
How to Order
Specify Model Number ML/CL/SC — XX/CF/BW, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- CF — central frequency (in GHz)
- BW — bandwidth (in GHz), are empty for full waveguide band.
Example
ML-10/94/2 (W-band matched load, WR-10, Central frequency 94 GHz, Bandwidth 2 GHz).
All ELVA-1 loads / shorts are warranted by the manufacturer for one year after receipt.
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43
Cassegrain Antennas
for OEM Market 26.5–140 GHz
• High gain
• High efficiency
• Wide band operation
• Low VSWR
Applications
• PtP and PMP radio links
• Radars
• Radio Astronomy
Description
ELVA-1 has developed a low cost high performance microwave antennas to meet needs of the broadband
market. These antennas are dual reflector Cassegrain type ECA-XX series. Antennas of ECA-XX series are
available for frequencies from 26.5 GHz to 140 GHz with reflector diameters ranging from 100 mm to 600 mm.
The gain is up to 53 dBi depending upon the frequency. The main reflector has a highly accurate surface and
is designed from aluminium. The subreflector is a machined aluminium hyperboloid or ellipsoid, which is
rigidly supported by special plastic cylinder.
These antennas are designed to have minimal cross-section to reduce aperture blockage, and hence produce
low sidelobe levels (typically 18 dB). Typical VSWR is 1.25:1. The gain of the antenna depends upon its
diameter. The antenna feed is a circular waveguide of appropriate diameter with an optional circular-torectangular transition.
Custom band antennas for 110–170 GHz are also available by special orders. Each antenna can be shipped
with antenna bracket and radome as standard options.
Specifications
for Cassegrain antenna ECA-XX series.
Ka band. 26,5–40 GHz*
Part No
ECA-Ka-X-100
ECA-Ka-X-200
ECA-Ka-X-300
ECA-Ka-X-450
ECA-Ka-X-600
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
600
Gain dB, (typ)
26.3
32.7
36.4
40.9
42.9
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
6.0
2.9
2.0
1.3
0.9
VSWR (typ)
1.40
1.35
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
X=3
Frequency Band (GHz)
26.0–28.5
28.5–33.0
33.0–38.5
38.5–43.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.328
0.281
0.250
0.219
Flange
UG-381/U
UG-381/U
UG-381/U
UG-381/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=28
44
26,5–40
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
WR-28
UG-599/U, UG-381/U, UG-600
Cassegrain Antennas
for OEM Market 26.5–140 GHz
Q band. 33–50 GHz*
Part No
ECA-Q-X-100
ECA-Q-X-200
ECA-Q-X-300
ECA-Q-X-450
ECA-Q-X-600
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
600
Gain dB, (typ)
28.3
34.6
38.5
42.9
44.9
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
4.8
2.3
1.6
1.0
0.7
VSWR (typ)
1.40
1.35
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
33.0–38.5
38.5–43.0
43.0–50.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.250
0.219
0.188
Flange
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=22
33–50
WR-22
UG-383/U, TRG719
U band. 40–60 GHz*
Part No
ECA-U-X-100
ECA-U-X-200
ECA-U-X-300
ECA-U-X-450
ECA-U-X-600
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
600
Gain dB, (typ)
32.0
38.2
41.7
44.8
46.4
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
3.9
2.0
1.3
0.9
0.7
VSWR (typ)
1.35
1.30
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
38.5–43.0
43.0–50.0
50.0–58.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.219
0.188
0.165
Flange
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
UG-383/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=19
40–60
WR-19
UG-383/U, TRG720
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
45
Cassegrain Antennas
for OEM Market 26.5–140 GHz
V band. 50–75 GHz*
Part No
ECA-V-X-100
ECA-V-X-200
ECA-V-X-300
ECA-V-X-450
ECA-V-X-600
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
600
Gain dB, (typ)
34.0
39.7
42.4
45.4
47.5
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
3.1
1.5
1.0
0.7
0.5
VSWR (typ)
1.3
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
50.0–58.0
58.0–68.0
68.0–77.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.165
0.141
0.125
Flange
UG-385/U
UG-385/U
UG-385/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=15
50–75
WR-15
UG-385/U
E band. 60–90 GHz*
Part No
ECA-E-X-100
ECA-E-X-200
ECA-E-X-300
ECA-E-X-450
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
Gain dB, (typ)
34.4
39.9
43.5
46.6
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
2.6
1.3
0.9
0.6
VSWR (typ)
1.30
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=1
X=2
X=3
Frequency Band (GHz)
68.0–77.0
77.0–87.0
87.0–100.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.125
0.110
0.094
Flange
UG-387/U
UG-387/U
UG-387/U
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=12
60–90
WR-12
UG-387/U
W band. 75–110 GHz*
Part No
ECA-W-X-100
ECA-W-X-200
ECA-W-X-300
ECA-W-X-450
ECA-W-X-600
46
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
600
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
Gain dB, (typ)
35.7
41.7
45.0
48.0
50.0
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
2.1
1.0
0.7
0.5
0.4
VSWR (typ)
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
Cassegrain Antennas
for OEM Market 26.5–140 GHz
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
Frequency Band (GHz)
77.0–87.0
87.0–100.0
100.0–112.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.110
0.094
0.082
Flange
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=10
75–100
WR-10
UG-387/U-M
F band. 90–140 GHz*
Part No
ECA-F-X-100
ECA-F-X-200
ECA-F-X-300
ECA-F-X-450
Diameter of main
reflector (mm)
100
200
300
450
Gain dB, (typ)
37.0
42.6
45.9
48.0
Bandwidth in deg.
at 3 dB level (typ)
1.7
0.9
0.6
0.5
VSWR (typ)
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
Available types of Circular waveguides are:
Number
X=0
X=1
X=2
X=3
Frequency Band (GHz)
87.0–100.0
100.0–112.0
112.0–125.0
125.0–140.0
Diameter of Waveguide (inch)
0.094
0.082
0.075
0.067
Flange
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
Available type of Rectangular waveguide is:**
X=8
90–140
WR-8
UG-387/U-M
*Losses in a Protected cover is 0,7 dB (max).
Feed waveguide is circular or rectangular.
Information for Ordering : X = Number for type of feed waveguide.
**Data for Gain and Bandwidth are typical for middle of frequency range.
How to Order
Specify Model Number ECA-A-X-BBB
- A — waveguide band
- X — waveguide type
- BBB — size of main reflector.
Example
To order antenna meets the following specification: operation frequency 75–110 GHz, in WR-10 waveguide
band with 300 mm of main reflector, should be ordered as ECA-W-10–300.
All ELVA-1 antennas are warranted for one year after receipt.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
47
Standart Gain Lens
Horns up to 220 GHz
• High performance
• Low VSWR
• Rectangular or Circular Waveguide
• Compact size
Applications
• Antenna test system
• Radiometry
• Radars
Description
Elva’s SLHA series of standard gain lens horn antennas cover the frequency range of 18 to 220 GHz in
ten waveguide bands. They can be issued with rectangular or circular waveguide. Lens technology significantly
allows decreasing mechanical sizes of horns and correcting beam for the best performance. These horns are
ideal solution for measurement gain of other antennas, short range radars and radiometers.
Specifications
Part No.
SLHA-K
SLHA-Ka
SLHA-Q
SLHA-U
SLHA-V
SLHA-E
SLHA-W
SLHA-F
SLHA-D
SLHA-G
Frequency
GHz
18–26,5
26,5–40
33–50
40–60
50–75
60–90
75–110
90–140
110–170
140–220
Waveguide
Flange
WR-42
WR-28
WR-22
WR-19
WR-15
WR-12
WR-10
WR-08
WR-06
WR-05
UG-595/U
UG-599/U
UG-383/M
UG-383/U-M
UG-383/U-M
UG-387/U
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
UG-387/U-M
Note: The models up to 400 GHz are available upon request.
Outline Drawing.
48
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e-mail: [email protected]
Gain,
dB
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
> 25
Return
loss, dB
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
D,
mm
118
80
66
53
42
35
28
22
19
17
L,
mm
165
115
95
76
59
50
40
32
27
23
CustomDesigned
Horns up to 400 GHz
• High performance
• Low VSWR
• Corrugated
• Lens solution
• GOLA
• Rectangular or Circular Waveguide
Applications
• Antenna test system
• Radiometry
• Radars
Description
Elva-1 would offer different antennas upon custom’s request. Please specify parameters below and we
propose you optimized solution for your task.
- Operation frequency
- Gain
- Side lobs level
- E&H matching
- Beam width at 10 dB level
- Cross polarisation
• Horn antennas
• Lens horn Antennas
• Gauss Optic Lens Antennas
• Corrugated horns
• Focused Lens Antennas
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
49
MmWave High
Sensitive Power Meters
• 0.01–220 GHz operating frequency
• High sensitivity
• Up to 55 dB dynamic range (0.1uW–30mW)
• Small measuring time (< 1 sec)
• RS-232, GPIB interface
• SCPI protocol
Applications
• Measurements of power level of mm-wave signal
• Test equipment
Description
The DPM-xx is a single-channel average power meter for RF to millimeter wave frequencies that measures
absolute power from 10 MHz to 220 GHz.
DPM-xx Power Meters display measured power in milliWatts, microWatts or dBm, and also display the
user-entered signal frequency in GHz. Easy operation is ensured with automatic zeroing, automatic sensor
recognition and a calculation factor table stored in the memory of each power sensor.
Their compact size, precise accuracy, reliability and inexpensive pricing make our DPM-xx Power Meters
attractive assets for design engineering, equipment manufacturing, field engineering and research.
ELVA-1’s ZBD-series Zero-Biased Detectors are used as the power sensors for our DPM Power Meters.
To cover the range from 10 MHz to 220 GHz band, we offer one coaxial (10 MHz — 26.5 GHz) and
9 waveguide power sensors (26.5–220 GHz in waveguide bands), sold separately.
Based on Schottky Barrier Diode technology, our ZBD power sensors provide high sensitivity, fast
measurement speed and quick response to changes of input power. To extend the dynamic range of diode
power sensors above their square law region, a correction factor is used. The amplitude and frequency curves
for each individually-calibrated power sensor are stored in the sensor’s EEPROM. When a sensor is connected
to a DPM control / display unit, the control / display unit automatically recognizes that sensor’s characteristics.
The typical curves for amplitude and frequency transfer characteristics at W-band are shown on the reverse.
Measured average power is displayed on a 2-line LCD screen, at a measurement rate of 2 times per second
or faster. For power measurements below 10–100 mW (depending on frequency band), each sensor is supplied
with a full-band isolator. For power measurements above those levels (as high as 300 mW — 1 Watt), optional
directional couplers are available.
Every DPM-xx is equipped with an RS-232 port for control and measurement data exchange with a PC.
An internal GPIB interface board is available as an added option. On special request we can also provide a
dual channel power meter of DPMD-XX series with two independent measurement channels.
Since the control / display unit and power sensors are sold separately, customers only need one DPM
control / display unit to interface with all 10 of our sensors. To obtain power measurements over a multiwaveguide frequency range, order one DPM control / display unit and several adjacent-band sensors. Because
the standard ELVA-1 DPM control / display unit is a single-channel meter, only one power sensor can be used
at one time.
50
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
MmWave High
Sensitive Power Meters
DPM-XX Key Features and Specifications
- Display readings: milliWatts, microWatts or dBm.
- Maximum measuring rate: up to 50 times per second, default 2 times per second (set at factory).
- Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 220 GHz.
- Min. measured Power: 0.1 microWatt (depending on frequency band).
- Dynamic Measurement Range: 55 dB max. (depending on frequency band).
- Frequency step: 10 MHz.
- SCPI or ELVA’s command protocol.
- RS-232, GPIB interface.
- Calibration accuracy ±0.04 dB (log) or ±1 %.
- Power Sensor Calibration: Individually calibrated, with amplitude and frequency curves in flash memory.
- If a valid signal frequency is not entered before measuring power, maximum measurement error will be
±1.5 dB for Ka, Q, U, V bands, ±2.0 dB for E, W bands, and ±2.5 dB for F, D bands, based on calibration
curve flatness.
Model Namber
Frequency Band
and Range, GHz
Input Waveguide /
Impedance
Wavequide Flange /
Connector
Dynamic Range,
dB (max)
Min Measured
Power Level, dBm
Measurement Rate
(default), times per sec
VSWR (power sensor)
DPM-C
DPM- DPM- DPM- DPM- DPM- DPM- DPM- DPMDPM28
22
19
15
12
10
08
06
05
Ka
Q
U
V
E
W
F
D
G
0.01–26.5 26.5–40 33–50 40–60 50–75 60–90 75–110 90–140 110–170 140–220
50 Ohm WR-28 WR-22 WR-19 WR-15 WR-12 WR-10 WR-08 WR-06 WR-05
Coaxial
SMA, UG-599 UG-383 UG-383 UG-385 UG-387 UG-387 UG-387 UG-387 UG-387
male
/U
/U
/U-M
/U
/U
/U-M
/U-M
/U-M
/U-M
50
55
55
55
55
55
55
50
50
40
-33
-43
-43
-43
-43
-43
-40
-38
-35
-25
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1.2:1
1.3:1
1.3:1
1.3:1
1.3:1
1.4:1
1.4:1
1.4:1
1.4:1
1.7:1
Available operating power options: 220 VAC, 110/100 VAC, or battery power (for portable version).
How to Order
Specify Model Number DPM-XX/P/V, where
- XX — number of waveguide standard (Ex. 10 for WR-10 and 06 for WR-06)
- P — max input power (mW), exceeded power level can burn a sensor
- V — power supply voltage (Volts) or B if portable version with batteries.
Example
DPM-10/20/220 (W-band power meter, WR-10, operating frequency band 75–110 GHz, max power level
20 mW, 220 VAC supply voltage)
DPM-15/10/110 (V-band power meter, WR-15, operating frequency band 50–75 GHz, max power level
10 mW, 110 VAC supply voltage)
DPM-06/30/B (D-band power meter, WR-06, operating frequency band 110–170 GHz, max power level
30 mW, portable version).
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
51
Real Time MmWave
Frequency Analyzers up to 180 GHz
• High performance
• Real time measurement
• GPIB control
• Original Software
• Full waveguide frequency operation
• Time window analyze 10 ms
Applications
• Gyrotron frequency measurement
• Plasma diagnostics
Description
When millimeter-wave applications came into many domains of human activity, a need for precise
measurements of signal frequency spectrum has become critical. This need is quite understandable when, for
example, it concerns to exploring extraterrestrial radio-sources or micro / mm-wave background emission in
radio-astronomy, or measuring chemical composition of the atmosphere through the molecular emission of
different its components, plasma diagnostics or many military applications. Moreover, in some cases the
spectrum measurements have to be implemented in the real time scale. For example, the high temperature
plasma physics research is just the case because of short plasma life time in experimental devices and poor
plasma parameter reproducibility from discharge to discharge; also it is important for plasma feedback control
purposes. As well, the real time spectrum measurements are very needed in electronic warfare applications,
such as object recognizing or electronic countermeasures to millimeter-wave weapons. However, real time
broad band analyzers with direct frequency spectrum measuring continue to be a rare bird in catalogues of
leading world manufacturers of mm-wave products.
Common specifications
Operation frequency range, GHz
IF Bandwidth, MHz
Basic frequency resolution, MHz
Minimum time of the spectrum analysis, ms
Minimum time of single frequency measurement, ms
Power of the input signal, mW
Quartz Calibrator Frequencies
Calibrator Stability
Voltage of the output video signal, V
Input waveguide
Input waveguide flange
Supply
Software short screens.
52
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e-mail: [email protected]
V, W, F or D band
4–16.5
operation bandwidth / 4096
10
0.0024
1 to 1000
built-in
1 ppm
0 to 5
standard according to frequency
standard UG-series
100–240 V AC
GPS Locked MmWave
Frequency Meter up to 170 GHz
• GPS stability and accuracy
• Compact sizes
Applications
• High precision frequency measurement
• World standard frequency references
Description
Elva-1 specially designed GPS synchronized mm-wave frequency meter GPSFC-xx series. This solution
allows to provide independent frequency measurement in different laboratories with absolute accuracy.
Block-diagram of the frequency meter.
Specifications
Mm-wave frequency meter GPSFC-xx series can be designed for operation in 26–170 GHz frequency range.
Frequency window analyze for one frequency point of reference synthesizer 12–18 GHz is (Fr × N)+/-0.1 GHz.
By switching the reference synthesizer user could cover all desired frequency band. User control and output
interfaces could be adapted according to customer’s specification.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
53
GPS Locked MmWave
Frequency Meter up to 170 GHz
As an example below specification for GPSFC-94/0.1 with analog output is presented:
Electrical Specifications
• Input frequency range ‘M0’
• Input frequency range ‘M1’
• Input frequency range ‘M2’
• Frequency Control
• Control signal
• Input power
• Input w/g
• Output
• Sensitivity (typ)
• Integration time
• Output connector
• Input / output for HM
• Supply
• Operation temperature
93.86 +/- 0.102 GHz
93.94 +/- 0.102 GHz
93.96 +/- 0.102 GHz
2 bits
TTL
-10…+3 dBm
WR-10, UG-387/U-M
0 — +10 V (see measured data)
0,010524 GHz/V
1 sec
BNC
SMA(f) / BNC
+9…+18 VDC @ 1.5 A
-25… +60°C
Mechanical Specifications
• Size
• Weight
220×145×55 mm
2 kg
Plot with dependence Output voltage vs Input frequency and switched range
54
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
Industrial Distance Meter
FMCW 94/10/x at 94 GHz
• Narrow beam
• Operation into dusty and smog
• Distance operation up 500 m
• High resolution
Applications
• Mines
• Cement and other dusty manufactories
• Ground control in airports and other facilities
• Avoid collision systems
Description
FMCW 94/10/x Millimeter Wave Distance Sensor (option X: 100–600 mm Cassegain antenna) is a highaccuracy non-contact level measurement of large volumes of bulk materials in hoppers and silos at minerals
and chemical industries. The examples of use are hard-rock mines, cement hoppers, and other bunkers with
adverse environmental conditions such as dust, corrosive gas, fog, high level noise. The Distance Sensor can
also be used for liquid level measurement at huge industrial tanks where there is a fuzzy edge of liquid because
of foam or vapor. The example of that application is volume measurement in tanks at large breweries.
The Distance Sensor is based on millimeter wave FMCW (frequency-modulated continuous wave) radar
principles. It is free from laser, acoustic, and microwave radar shortcomings. It is characterized by a narrow
beam that’s good for enclosed areas like ore passes, because of 94 GHz FMCW radar operational frequency
that is equivalent to 3 mm wave length, the sensor provides an excellent penetration of dust and water vapour.
The Distance Sensor works well even with a dust sticking on antenna. With a narrow beam, the Distance
Sensor can build a precise surface profile at a hopper (mechanical scanning required). The operation range of
Distance Sensor is 500 m, that allowing using it at deep mines, where typical passes are up to 300 m but rarely
even longer.
To facilitate installation, mounting and alignment at field condition, the sensor is built as two modules;
a front end and a separate signal processor connected by a shielded cable. A local graphics display and keypad
are incorporated into the control unit. The front end and antenna are housed in robust metal case. The signal
processor and power supplies are built into a commercially available housing with signal access via cable
glands.
To use Distance Sensor within complete data acquisition system on an enterprise, the sensor has RS-485
interface using MODBUS protocol RJ-45 socket made in dust and moisture-proof embodiment. The radar
transmitter at the Distance Sensor complies with international safety regulations.
Specifications
Distance Sensor Performance
Distance Sensor resolution
Range of heights of Sensor position above the surface of material
Main reflector diameter size
Distance Sensor radar transmitter emission power
Distance Sensor radar operating frequency
Power supply voltage
Distance Sensor radar power consumption
Operation mode
0.005 m
0.6 to 500 m
300 and 600 mm
10 mW
94 GHz
+18…+36 DCV opt. 110/220V AC
20 W
CW
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
55
Industrial Distance Meter
FMCW 94/10/x at 94 GHz
Distance Sensor Head Specification
Sweep Range, MHz
505.472 962686326
Sweep time, ms
12.285
Interface protocol
IP 192.168.1.1
Sampling rate
4096 points per 12.285 ms
Data range
14 bits
Power supply voltage
External Power supply
Enclosure
IP65
Communication connector
RJ-45
Ambient temperature
-30 to +50°Ñ
Atmospheric pressure
84.0–106.7 kPa (630–800 Torr)
Relative humidity at 35°Ñ and lower, no more than
95 %
Vibration amplitude at 5 Hz to 25 Hz band, no more than
0.1 mm
Controller NZ6100 Specifications
Display
20 digits, 4.75 mm height 4 lines Liquid Crystal Display
Indicators
Power LED
Control Unit Power Supply
85–265 VAC, 47–63Hz, 15W optionally +18…+36 DCV
Membrane Keypad
27 keys including 8/18 function keys
Communications
RS-485 or TBD
Communication protocols
MODBUS RTU
Outline Drawing.
56
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e-mail: [email protected]
FMCW Radar Frontend
FMCW 10/94/200/10 at 94 GHz
• High accuracy
• On-line measurement
• High directivity with small antennas
• Portability
• Environmental safety
• Equipped with antennas by customer’s choice
Applications
• Ground control in airports and other facilities
• Avoid collision systems
• Precise distance measurement in dusty and / or humid
atmosphere
• Level sensing for any materials and liquids in huge
tanks with foam / vapour
• Robotic sensors
Block Diagram of FMCW-10/94 front end module.
Specifications
Centre Frequency
Radar front-end wattage
Frequency Stability
Sweep Range
Minimal Sweeping Time
Linearity
Tuning Sensitivity
Output RF Power
Reverse Isolation
IF Frequency
RF to IF Gain
Waveguide / Flange
IF and Frequency Control Connector
DC Power
Mass
Operating Temperature
94 GHz
10 mW
5*10-6 1 / °C
200 MHz (min)
100 µSec
0.7 % (max)
> 50 MHz/V
+10 dBm (min)
17 dB (min)
4 kHz to 2 MHz
32 dB (typ)
WR-10 / UG-387 / U-M
SMA (f)
+12V / 300 mA, -12V / 50 mA +27V / 200 mA / (+500 mA heater)
1200 gram (max)
-40 to +70 deg
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
57
FMCW Radar Frontend
FMCW 10/94/200/10 at 94 GHz
Outline Drawing.
58
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
Doppler Radar Frontend
Modules at 24 GHz and 94 GHz
• High accuracy
• Compact sized
• High directivity with small antennas
• Equipped with antennas by customer’s choice
Applications
• Robotic sensors
• Instruments and test equipment
• Subsystems and assembles
• Industrial quality assurance and process
controlling systems
Specifications
Model Namber
RF frequency
Transmitter output power
Receiver conversion loss
Noise figure
IF bandwidth
Outputs
IF LNA gain
Antenna 3 dB beamwidth
Antenna gain
Antenna side lob level
Polarization
Spurious and harmonics
ΔF/Δ
ΔT
ΔT
ΔP/Δ
DC bias
Operation Temperature
Dimensions
DSP-24/30
24.150 GHz
30 mW
5 dB (typical)
8 dB
0.1 to 700 kHz
IQ
20 dB
12 degrees
18 dB
-22 dB (maximum)
right hand circular
-40 dBc
0.10 MHz / °C
0.01 dB / °C
+5.0 V / 100 mA
-20…+65°C
See drawing
DSP-24/100
24.150 GHz
100 mW
5 dB (typical)
9 dB
0.1 to 700 kHz
IQ
20 dB
12 degrees
18 dB
-22 dB (maximum)
right hand circular
-40 dBc
0.10 MHz / °C
0.01 dB / °C
+5.0 V / 120 mA
-20…+65°C
See drawing
DSP-94/5
94.0 GHz
5 mW
12 dB (typical)
20 dB
0.1 to 700 kHz
IQ
20 dB
Upon request
—
—
linear
-60 dBc
0.10 MHz / °C
0.01 dB / °C
+12V / 100 mA + 24 V / 250 mA
-20…+65°C
Cylinder 50/75 mm
Outline Drawing of DSP-24/xx.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
59
Pulsed Noise Radar
Frontend Module at 94 GHz
• Powerful incoherent source
• 1 Watt typical output power
• High stability
• 5 GHz white noise spectrum
• No high voltage supply required
• Compact solid state source
Applications
• Ground control in airports and other facilities
• Avoid collision systems
• Precise distance measurement in dusty and / or humid atmosphere
• Level sensing for any materials and liquids in huge tanks with foam / vapour
• Robotic sensors
Description
High power pulse noise source PNS series is used for the illumination of target. Noise nature of probing
signal avoids the problem of interference. Image obtained by means of noise radar allows to recognize target
better then the image obtained by means of coherent radar.
Block Diagram front end module.
Specifications
Frequency
range, GHz
Bandwidth of
launched
radiation,
GHz
Pulse
duration, ns
Duty factor
On / Off ratio
of the receiver
protecting
switch, dB
Power of
output
pulse, mW
bandwidth,
dB
ENR Flatness
within
launched
Receiver noise
factor,
dB
80÷100
5.0
50–100
> 100
30
500
±1.5
7–9
60
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PPC1000 Series 1.25 Gbps
Gigabit Ethernet MmWave Link
• Frequency band: 71–76 / 81–86 GHz; 40.5–43.5 GHz
• 1250 Mbps Gigabit Ethernet Interface
• True Full Duplex Operation
• Secure communication due inability to intercept the
laser-like beam transmission at free air
• Solid reliability with Fiber-like Performance
• Distance ranges of up to 4.5 mile (7.2 km) at 10 mm/h
rain for 71–76 / 81–86 GHz frequency band
• Distance ranges of up to 5.8 mile (9.3 km) at
10 mm/h rain for 40.5–43.5 GHz frequency
band
• Easily installed, Zero maintenance
• Compact Cassegrain type antennas
• Quasi-optical (laser-like) propagation of
millimeter wave emission
• EMI interference free
Applications
• Wi-Fi or mobile network backhaul
• Business WAN
• FSO backup
• IP telephony gateway connections
• Metropolitan area networks
• Rapid-deployment emergency communications
Description
Elva’s full-duplex Gigabit point-to-point link provides interconnection between remote LAN segments
at ultra high speed and utilizes Gigabit Ethernet protocol, which is the evolving standard for switches and
routers available from a variety of telecommunication equipment manufacturers. The PPC-1000 product
has 1000Base-SX (1000Base-LX, 1000Base-Tx) connections at each end of the wireless link and
transparently establishes the link outputs. The resulting connection can replace a fiber-optics cable
physically connected end-to-end. The wireless mm-wave Gigabit link provides fiber equivalent
performance, reliability and security but with no high deployment cost associated with outdoor fiber
installations.
How to Order
Specify Model Number
Example
PPC-1000 link with 60 cm antenna diameter and single mode fiber optic cable for 40.5–43.5 GHz frequency
band has product code PPC-1000-Q60/SM.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
61
PPC1000 Series 1.25 Gbps
Gigabit Ethernet MmWave Link
Specifications
Frequency Band
Bandwidth
Capacity
Modulation Type
Allocated Bandwidth
Rx Sensitivity at BER 10-6
Output Power
Max Distance with 600 mm
antenna in clear sky
Max Distance with 600 mm
antenna at 10 mm/h rain
Link budget 300 / 450 / 600 mm
SNMP version
SNMP MIB
Ethernet Interface
Connector Type
Diagnostics Port
Forward Error Correction
Latency
Polarization
MTBF
E-band
71–76 / 81–86 GHz
Q-band
40.5–43.5 GHz
1250 Mbps Full duplex
QPSK
1250 MHz
-97 dBW (-67dBm)
-10 dBW (20 dBm, 100 mW)
-97 dBW (-67 dBm)
-8 dBW (22 dBm, 150 mW)
15 km (9.3 mile)
> 20 km (12 mile)
7.2 km (4.5 mile)
9.3 km (5.8 mile)
177 / 185 / 189 dB
165 / 173 / 177 dB
v.1; v.2; v.3
MIB-II and DOK Enterprise MIB
1000Base-SX or 1000Base-LX or 1000Base-Tx
Hermetical cord installed
(optional: Harting hybrid 2× fiber + 4× power)
100Base-Tx (RJ-45)
RS (204, 188)
50 µs
Vertical / horisontal — optional
150 000 hours
Antenna
Antenna Type
Antenna Gain / Beamwidth
30 cm
45 cm
60 cm
Cassegrain type antenna with radome
45 dB / 0.7°
49 dB / 0.5°
51 dB / 0.35°
38 dB / 1.5°
42 dB / 1°
44 dB / 0.7°
Power / Environment
Power Supply AC
Transceiver Power Consuption
DC Power
Power Connection Ethernet /
Power connector
Operational Temperature
Humidity
Input 88–132 / 176–264 Volts, 50 / 60 Hz (with manual voltage range switch)
35 W (+60 W when heater is switched on)
36 to 60 Volts DC
IP-65 [optional IP-68]
-50 °C to 60 °C / -58 °F to 140 °F
Any Rate
Physical Dimensions
Outdoor unit size w/o antenna
Weight (ODU w/o antenna)
Complete set
62
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e-mail: [email protected]
340 × 230 × 120 mm
6 kg max
2 ODU + 2 antennas
2 ODU + 2 antennas
PPC350 Series
350 Mbps Ethernet MmWave Link
• Frequency band: 40.5–43.5 GHz, 71–76/81–86 GHz
• True Full Duplex Operation
• Secure communication due inability to intercept
the laser-like beam transmission at free air
• Solid reliability with Fiber-like Performance
• Distance ranges of up to 5 mile (7.9 km) at
350 Mbps and 6.8 mile (10.9 km) at 80 Mbps at
10 mm/h rain for 40.5–43.5 GHZ frequency
band
• Distance ranges of up to 3.4 mile (5.5 km) at
350 Mbps and 4.6 mile (7.5 km) at 80 Mbps at
10 mm/h rain for 71–76 / 81–86 GHz frequency
band
• Easily installed, Zero maintenance
• Compact Cassegrain type antennas
• Quasi-optical (laser-like) propagation of
millimeter wave emission
• EMI interference free
Applications
• Wi-Fi or mobile network backhaul
• Business WAN
• FSO backup
• IP telephony gateway connections
• Metropolitan area networks
• Rapid-deployment emergency communications
Description
PPC-350 was specifically designed according to European ECC and US FCC performance requirements.
Main feature of PPC-350 consists in possibility to adapt its data transmission speed to the current weather
conditions.
PPC-350 supports Adaptive Code and Modulation
(ACM) in which changers of coding rate and modulation
are set in real time, based on the link conditions. This
feature enables to increase radio link availability.
When the link’s SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) is high
(during good weather conditions), operation at full
capacity is enabled, reaching the maximum speed of
350 Mbps. In case that the link’s SNR drops significantly
(during heavy rain), the channel capacity is reduced up
to 80 Mbps.
The figure shows radio bridge capacity varies due
to changers in SNR level.
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
63
PPC350 Series
350 Mbps Ethernet MmWave Link
Specifications
Frequency Band
Bandwidth
Capacity
Allocated Bandwidth
Modulation Type
Rx Sensitivity at BER 10-6
E-band
71–76 / 81–86 GHz
Q-band
40.5–43.5 GHz
up to 350 Mbps Full duplex
56 MHz
from QPSK to QAM-256
-67 dBm at 350 Mbps -77 dBm at 80 Mbps -69 dBm at 350 Mbps -79 dBm at 80 Mbps
13 dBm (20 mW)
20 dBm (100 mW)
13 dBm (20 mW)
20 dBm (100 mW)
Output Power
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
Max Distance with 60 cm
10 km (6.2 mile)
> 20 km (12 mile)
15 km (9.3 mile)
> 20 km (12 mile)
antenna in clear sky
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
Max Distance with 60 cm
5.5 km (3.4 mile)
7.5 km (4.6 mile)
7.9 km (5 mile)
10.9 km (6.8 mile)
antenna at 10 mm/h rain
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
170 / 178 / 182 dB
187 / 195 / 199 dB
158 / 166 / 170 dB
175 / 183 / 187 dB
Link budget 300 / 450 / 600 mm
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
at 350 Mbps
at 80 Mbps
SNMP version
v.1; v.2; v.3
SNMP MIB
MIB-II and DOK Enterprise MIB
Ethernet Interface
1000Base-SX or 1000Base-LX or 1000Base-Tx
Hermetical cord installed
Connector Type
(optional: Harting hybrid 2× fiber + 4× power)
Diagnostics Port
100Base-Tx (RJ-45)
Forward Error Correction
LDPC; Reed Solomon
Latency
200 µs
Polarization
Vertical / horisontal — optional
Antenna
Antenna Type
Antenna Gain / Beamwidth
30 cm
45 cm
60 cm
Cassegrain type antenna with radome
45 dB / 0.7°
49 dB / 0.5°
51 dB / 0.35°
38 dB / 1.5°
42 dB / 1°
44 dB / 0.7°
Power / Environment
Power Supply AC
Transceiver Power Consuption
DC Power
Power Connection Ethernet /
Power connector
Operational Temperature
Humidity
Input 88–132 / 176–264 Volts, 50/60 Hz
35 W (+60 W when heater is switched on)
36 to 60 Volts DC
IP-65 [optional IP-68]
-50 °C to 60 °C / -58 °F to 140 °F
Any Rate
Physical Dimensions
Outdoor unit size w/o antenna
Weight (ODU w/o antenna)
Complete set
340 × 230 × 120 mm
6 kg max
2 ODU + 2 antennas
How to Order
To choose the right model by its product code please use the following
encoding schema:
64
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e-mail: [email protected]
MmWave TV / IP
Broadcasting System (City1)
• 432 TV-programs of broadcasting quality
• 3.24 Gbps per cell sector
• DVB-S standard
• L-band interface
Applications
• Digital TV and / or IP broadcasting in urban areas
Description
City-1 operates in mm-wave frequencies, from 40.5 to 43.5GHz.
Operation principle
The City-1 system is based on DVB-S standard as
in satellite. TV/IP broadcasting. The only difference is
a frequency range. For full compatibility to satellite
equipment, City-1 transmitter and receiver have L-band
interface (IF = 950 to 2150 MHz). This allows using any
satellite equipment both at base station and receiver side.
Network topology
City-1 transmitter can be deployed on TV tower or any high tall
building. Transmitter range is up to 10 km, depending on a rain statistic in
an area.
TRx is equipped with 30, 45, 60, or 90°
sector antenna. To cover all directions, the
cell topology is used. Depending on antenna
pattern, the cell can be formed from 4, 6, 8,
or 12 sectors.
To cover larger territory, multiple cell can be deployed.
An example of frequency allocation plan
Let 40.5–43.5 GHz band is split in 39 MHz bands, like in Satellite broadcasting. We will have 72 bands
of vertical polarization and 72 bands of horizontal polarization. Each 39 MHz band is equivalent to satellite
‘transponder’, i. e. can carry 6 TV-channels of broadcasting quality or 45 Mbps data stream.
Operator can use from 1 to 72 bands in any sector, according to his needs. It is important that due to
quasi-optical propagation in 40 GHz, the same frequencies can be used in all cell sectors and in all cells.
To avoid interference at sector margins, it is enough to use different polarization in adjacent sectors.
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65
MmWave TV / IP
Broadcasting System (City1)
Capacity
As fixed polarization can be used in any cell sector, the sector capacity is 72*6 = 432 TV channels or
72*45 = 3240 Mbps. The capacity of 12-sector cell is more than 5000 TV-channels or 40.000 Mbps. The
total capacity of the system depends on cell quantity.
Transmitter
City-1 Transmitter is a low-noise up-converter from 1500 MHz to 40.5–43.5 GHz band.
Transmitter can transmit up to 4 DVB-S streams. But it should be mentioned that increasing carrier number
leads to decreasing of cell radius (due to decreasing of power / carrier ratio and a crosstalk). So if you need to
maximize the cell radius, it is better to use separate transmitter for each DVB-S stream.
Transmitter is supplied with horn antenna of 30, 45, 60 or 90 degrees beam width. Transmitter powered
with 48–60 VDC, 2A.
Multi-channel transmitter
Multi-channel transmitter is to provide the maximum cell radius
transmitting multiple DVB-S streams. It consists of multiple single-channel
transmitters mounted in single case.
Receiver
City-1 Receiver is a down-converter from 40.5–43.5 GHz band to L-band
(950–2150 MHz). It has completely the same interface as Satellite converter
(except it operates in fixed polarization). Receiver can be connected to any
standard Satellite STB or receiver card with a coax cable. It consumes
18 VDC over a coax.
Receiver is supplied with 30, 45 or 60 cm reflector-type antenna.
IP-broadcasting
DVB-S standard is used in City-1 for IP broadcasting.
To create DVB/IP stream, IP encapsulator and DVB-S modulator should be used at the base station.
To receive DVB/IP stream, any satellite data receiver can be used. For example, DVB-router, that has
Lband input and Fast Ethernet output. It can be connected to LAN directly. A return channel to Internet in
City-1 can be organized in any alternative manner.
66
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e-mail: [email protected]
MmWave TV / IP
Broadcasting System (City1)
TV-broadcasting: Choice 1
An operator can use 2 different ways to broadcast TV in City-1. The simplest one is TV over DVB, like
in satellite TV. To retransmit a Satellite transponder you can take it from any standard satellite converter, single
out one transponder with, for example, ALCAD converter, and forward it directly to City-1 transmitter. To
receive DVB stream, a customer can use any standard satellite TV receiver. To connect it to City-1 receiver,
a coax cable with 2 GHz band should be used. To use existing narrow-band coax, QPSK/QAM or QPSK/
PAL trans modulators should be installed at receiver side. To broadcast DVB-ASI/SPI stream, DVB-S
modulator should be used.
TV broadcasting. Choice 2.
An alternative way of TVbroadcasting is TV over IP over DVB. In this case TV is transmitted like other
data. If digital TV to broadcast is available in Internet, IPencapsulator and DVB-S modulator should be installed
at the base station.
At a customer side any standard Satellite data receiver can be used to extract TV/IP stream from DVB
and forward it to LAN. Customers should use TV/IP receivers to view a TV on their TVsets. This way simplifies
a house distribution system. The simplest Fast Ethernet network provides both data and TV distribution.
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e-mail: [email protected]
67
MmWave TV / IP
Broadcasting System (City1)
Video on demand
VoD transmission is completely the same as TV over IP broadcasting. Video can be stored on a disk array.
After IP-encapsulation and DVB-S modulation, Video forwards to a City-1 transmitter. At customer side video
converts to an IP-stream, that can be viewed on a computer or with a help of TV/IP receiver.
Specifications
Transmitter
General
Frequency range
Bandwidth
TV-channels
Data capacity
Sectors in cell
Range (90° sector, 30 cm
terminal antenna,
5 mmph rain rate)
Environment
40.5–43.5 GHz
39 MHz * channels Number
Up to 432 per a cell sector
3240 Mbps per a cell sector
4, 6, 8, or 12
7.5 km
-45 °C… +50 °C
RF Bandwidth
Output power
Polarization
Phase noise
Unwanted emission:
30 MHz.. 21.2 GHz
21.2 GHz.. 40.5 GHz
43.5 GHz.. 43.5 GHz
43.5 GHz.. 80 GHz
IF
Receiver
RF Bandwidth
Polarization
Cross-polarization factor
Noise figure
HF/RF gain
IF
LO stability
Antenna
Power
Mounting
Dimensions
(without antenna)
Weight
Alignment: — vertical
— horizontal
1200 MHz
Vertical / Horizontal
20 dB
8 dB
35 dB
950–2150 MHz
+/-2.5 MHz
30 cm / 38 dB / 1.6°
45 cm / 42 dB / 1.0°
60 cm / 44 dB / 0.7°
18 V, 250 mA
On vertical pipe 40~70 mm
diameter
Antenna
Power
Dimensions
Weight
Mounting
Alignment: — vertical
— horizontal
Diam. 75×150 mm
2 kg
+/-20°
360°
How to Order
Please apply with your request to ELVA- 1 office: [email protected]
68
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e-mail: [email protected]
39 MHz
22 dBm Psat min
Vertical / Horizontal
< -51 dB / Hz at 1 kHz offset
<-81 dB / Hz at 10 kHz offset
< -90 dBW
< -60 dBW
< -80 dBW
< -60 dBW
1250–1750 MHz, -10 dBm
QPSK, 8PSK modulation
N-type connector
90°×10°, 16 dB
60°×10°, 17 dB
45°×10°, 18 dB
30°×10°, 20 dB
54 VDC, 2 A
288 × 242 × 120 mm,
antenna: 140 × diam. 85
5 kg
On vertical pipe
40~70 mm diameter
+/-25°
360°
High Sensitive MmWave
Radiometers for Plasma Diagnostics
• Up to 220 GHz operating frequency
• High sensitivity
• Low noise factor
• Multi channel radiometers
• Sweeping radiometers
• Custom design
Description
ELVA-1 radiometers for plasma diagnostic are worldwide
known product. The custom designed ECE radiometers have been
installed at lots of Tokamaks:
- JET Tokamak, UK;
Receiver module of Radiometer
- TCV Tokamak, Switzerland;
- TCABR Tokamak, Brazil;
- FTU Tokamak, Italy;
- CASTOR Tokamak, Czech Republic;
- Southwestern Institute of Physics, China.
Inside view of E-band front-end of
Radiometer for Castor Tokamak
Specifications
Parameter / Tokamak
Type
Operating frequency, GHz
Channel Number
Noise factor, dB (typ)
Output frequency
Putting into operation
JET/KK3
Front-End
69–139
6
9–12
6–18 GHz
2001
JET/KK3
Front-End
139–206
6
12–15
6–18 GHz
2008
TCV
Multi-channel
78–114
24
15–20
40 kHz
2000
TCABR
Sweeping
52–85
1
15
1 MHz
2002
FTU
Multi-channel
113–153
32
15–22
1 MHz
2000
How to Order
Please apply with your request to ELVA-1 office: [email protected]
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
69
Interferometers and Reflectometers
for Plasma Diagnostics up to 170 GHz
• High performance
• High sensitivity
• Fixed frequency
• Ultrafast scan 10 mks
• Full band operation
• Original software for temperature profile
Description
Elva-1 supplies different solutions for measurement density and temperature profiles of plasma. Our
systems are installed practically on all TOKAMAKs over the World.
Below presented typical solution for ultrafast 10 mks full W-band scan reflectometer.
Please send request to [email protected] and we propose you optimized solution.
70
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e-mail: [email protected]
MmBridges for EPR Spectrometers
• Up to 170 GHz operating frequency
• High sensitivity
• High frequency stability
• Low phase noises
• Amplitude / phase modulation
• Custom design
Description
ELVA-1 produces mm-wave bridges and components for EPR
spectrometers. Lots of scientific laboratories in the world use
ELVA-1’s products in their EPR experiments:
- Cornell University, USA;
- Free University, Germany;
- Osnabrueck University, Germany;
- Weizmann Institute, Israel;
- Ioffe FTI, Russia.
Specifications
CW: (CW + AM (amplitude modulation))
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Specs Parameters
Central frequency
Central frequency stability
Operating frequency range (any fixed frequencies for
DROs and tunable frequencies for VCO)
Frequency stability
Spectrum width @ -3 dB level
Max mm-wave power
Power stability
FM noise @ 10 kHz
AM noise @ 10 kHz
Attenuation of output power
Min switching time of amplitude modulation of output
signal (10 % to 90 % and 90 % to 10 % power level)
Noise figure of receiver section
Max gain of receiver section
Receiver section bandwidth
W-band
95 GHz
30 kHz / hour (using DRO)
D-band
130 GHz
30 kHz / hour (using DRO)
400 MHz (95 GHz+/-0.2 GHz) 400 MHz (130 GHz+/-0.2 GHz)
10–6 per °C
< 1 kHz
Up to 250 mW
0.02 dB per °C
-100 dBc / Hz max
-140 dBc / Hz max
60 dB
5 nsec (5*10–9 sec) max,
3–4 ns typical
12 dB
50 dB
200 MHz
10–6 per °C
<1 kHz
Up to 50 mW
0.02 dB per °C
-100 dBc / Hz max
-140 dBc / Hz max
50 dB
5 nsec (5*10–9 sec)
14 dB
50 dB
200 MHz
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e-mail: [email protected]
71
MmBridges for EPR Spectrometers
Pulse: (CW + AM + PM 0–90 deg., 0–180 deg. (phase modulation))
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Specs Parameters
Central frequency
Central frequency stability
Operating frequency range
Spectrum width @ -3 dB level
Power of amplitude noise
W-band
D-band
95 GHz
130 GHz
30 kHz / hour
40 kHz / hour
400 MHz (95 GHz+/-0.2 GHz) 400 MHz (130 GHz +/-0.2 GHz)
< 1 kHz
1 kHz
-140 dBc / Hz @ 100 kHz
-140 dBc / Hz @ 100 kHz
offset
offset
Max power
Up to 250 mW
Up to 50 mW
Changing of pulse output power
60 dB
50 dB
Changing of output power of CW channel
120 dB
100 dB
Min duration of output pulses at amplitude modulation
10 nsec (10–8 sec)
10 nsec (10–8 sec)
of output power
Min switching time by 2PSK modulation of output
5 nsec (5*10–9 sec)
5 nsec (5*10–9 sec)
signal
Accuracy of 180 deg phase shift keeping for 2PSK
1 degree
1 degree
Microwave power suppression during a pause between
100 dB
100 dB
pulses
Switching time up to max suppression level
< 10 nsec
10 nsec
Noise figure of receiver section
12 dB
14 dB
Max gain of receiver section
50 dB
50 dB
Receiver section bandwidth
200 MHz
200 mHz
Total phase drift
5 degrees / 15 min
5 degrees / 15 min
EPR spectrometer life time (projected): about 30 000 operating hours
Fig. The 92.2 GHz frequency multiplier and up-converter below are key parts of high stable low phase noise
mm-wave source for EPR spectrometer
How to Order
Please apply with your request to ELVA-1 office: [email protected]
72
www.elva-1.com
e-mail: [email protected]
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