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Thermal Management
Products & Custom Solutions Catalog
Chomerics
ENGINEERING YOUR SUCCESS.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITY
!
WARNING – USER RESPONSIBILITY
FAILURE OR IMPROPER SELECTION OR IMPROPER USE OF THE PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HEREIN
OR RELATED ITEMS CAN CAUSE DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY AND PROPERTY DAMAGE.
• This document and other
information from ParkerHannifin Corporation, its
subsidiaries and authorized
distributors provide product
or system options for further
investigation by users having
technical expertise.
• The user, through its own
analysis and testing, is solely
responsible for making the final
selection of the system and
components and assuring that
all performance, endurance,
maintenance, safety and
warning requirements of the
application are met. The user
must analyze all aspects of the
application, follow applicable
industry standards, and follow
the information concerning
the product in the current
product catalog and in any other
materials provided from Parker
or its subsidiaries or authorized
distributors.
• To the extent that Parker or
its subsidiaries or authorized
distributors provide component
or system options based
upon data or specifications
provided by the user, the user
is responsible for determining
that such data and specifications
are suitable and sufficient for
all applications and reasonably
foreseeable uses of the
components or systems.
OFFER OF SALE
The items described in this
document are hereby offered for
sale by Parker Hannifin Corporation, its subsidiaries or its autho-
Chomerics
rized distributors. This offer and
its acceptance are governed by the
provisions stated in the detailed
“Offer of Sale” elsewhere in this
document or available at
www.chomerics.com or
www.parker.com.
Thermal Management
Products & Custom Solutions Catalog
Customer Responsibility ...................................................................2
Offer Of Sale ......................................................................................2
Introduction .......................................................................................4
Heat Transfer Fundamentals..............................................................6
Gap Filler Pads
THERM-A-GAP™ HCS10, 569, 570, 579, 580, Thermal Pads..............11
THERM-A-GAP™ 974, G974, 976, High Performance Thermal Pads..13
THERM-A-GAP™ 575NS, Silicone-Free Thermal Pads . ....................15
Thermal Gels
THERM-A-GAP™ T63X Series, Dispensed Gels .................................16
GEL 8010 Thermally Conductive Dispensable Gel............................18
Phase Change Material
THERMFLOW® Phase Change Pads.................................................. 20
Attachment Tapes
THERMATTACH® Thermal Tapes.......................................................23
Liquids (Compounds)
THERM-A-FORM™ Cure-in-Place Potting and Underfill Materials....27
Thermal Grease
Thermal Greases..............................................................................29
Insulator Pads
CHO-THERM® Commercial Grade ....................................................31
CHO-THERM® High Power ...............................................................33
Heat Spreaders
T-WING® and C-WING™ Thin Heat Spreaders.................................38
Glossary ...................................................................................................40
Safety Guide .............................................................................................43
Terms of Sale ...........................................................................................51
Chomerics
3
ENGINEERING YOUR SUCCESS.
INTRODUCTION
Chomerics, a division of Parker
Hannifin Corporation (NYSE:PH),
is a global provider of EMI shielding and thermal management
materials and services to OEM and
CEM electronics companies in the
telecommunications, information
technology, consumer, power conversion, defense and transportation
markets.
of thermal interfaces is crucial to
maintaining the reliability and extending the life of electronic devices
and equipment. As each new electronic product generation requires
higher power in smaller packages,
the challenges associated with
thermal management become more
intense. Thermal material drivers
include:
Since 1961, Chomerics has been
a leader in the development of
electrically conductive elastomers
for use as extruded, molded and
form-in-place EMI gaskets for
telecommunications and electronics
applications. Chomerics offers an
extensive family of thermal interface materials, which transfer heat
from electronic components to heat
sinks. Careful management
• Lower thermal impedance
• Higher thermal conductivity
• Greater compliance and
conformability
• High reliability
• Greater adhesion
• Ease of handling, application
and use
• Long service life
Chomerics
Chomerics has a successful
history of providing thermal materials expertise and commitment to
developing new, high performance
products to meet the thermal
challenges of systems designers.
Chomerics products have been
designed into thousands of
applications and help assure the
performance, integrity, survivability
and maintainability of communications equipment, radar, aircraft,
computers, control systems,
telecommunications, consumer
devices, automotive and industrial
electronics. Our customers are
supported with comprehensive
applications engineering,
supply chain and fabrication
services worldwide.
4
Chomerics Capabilities Include:
THERMAL MANAGEMENT & CONTROL
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Thermally conductive gap filler pads
Dispensed thermal gap fillers
Silicone-free thermal pads
Phase-change materials (PCM)
Polymer solder hybrids (PSH)
Dispensable thermal compounds
Thermal grease and gels
Insulator pads
Thin flexible heat spreaders
Custom integrated thermal/EMI assemblies
EMI SHIELDING & COMPLIANCE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Conductive elastomers – molded, extruded, and form-in-place (FIP)
Conductive foam based gaskets – fabric-over-foam and z-axis foam
Conductive compounds – adhesives, sealants and caulks
RF and thermal/RF absorbing materials
EMI shielding plastics and injection molding services
Coatings – direct metallization and conductive paints
Metal gaskets – Springfingers, metal mesh and combination gaskets
Foil laminates and conductive tapes
EMI shielding vents – commercial and military honeycomb vents
Shielded optical windows
Cable shielding – ferrites and heat-shrink tubing/wire mesh tape/zippered cable shielding
Compliance and safety test services
OPTICAL DISPLAY PRODUCTS
• EMI shielding filters
(conductive coating & wire mesh)
• Ant-reflective/contrast enhancement filters
• Plastic or glass laminations
• Hard coated lens protectors
• Touch screen lenses
About Parker Hannifin Corporation
With annual sales exceeding $12 billion, Parker Hannifin is the world’s leading diversified manufacturer of motion and control technologies and systems, providing precision-engineered solutions for
a wide variety of commercial, mobile, industrial and aerospace markets. The company employs more
than 61,000 people in 48 countries around the world. Parker has increased its annual dividends paid to
shareholders for 52 consecutive years, among the top five longest-running dividend-increase records
in the S&P 500 index. For more information, visit the company’s web site at http://www.parker.com, or
its investor information site at http://www.phstock.com.
Chomerics
5
Heat Transfer Fundamentals
The objective of thermal
management programs in
electronic packaging is the
efficient removal of heat from the
semiconductor junction to the
ambient environment. This process
can be separated into three major
phases:
1. heat transfer within the
semiconductor component
package;
2. heat transfer from the package
to a heat dissipater (the initial
heat sink);
3. heat transfer from the heat
dissipater to the ambient
environment (the ultimate heat
sink)
The first phase is generally
beyond the control of the system
level thermal engineer because
the package type defines the
internal heat transfer processes.
In the second and third phases,
the packaging engineer’s goal
is to design an efficient thermal
connection from the package
surface to the initial heat spreader
and on to the ambient environment.
Achieving this goal requires a
thorough understanding of heat
transfer fundamentals as well as
knowledge of available interface
materials and how their key
physical properties affect the heat
transfer process.
Basic Theory
The rate at which heat is conducted
through a material is proportional
to the area normal to the heat flow
and to the temperature gradient
along the heat flow path. For a one
dimensional, steady state heat flow
the rate is expressed by Fourier’s
equation:
(1)
∆T
Q = kA
d
Where:
k = thermal conductivity, W/m-K
Chomerics
Q = rate of heat flow, W
A = contact area
d = distance of heat flow
T = temperature difference
Thermal conductivity, k, is an
intrinsic property of a homogeneous
material which describes the
material’s ability to conduct heat.
This property is independent of
material size, shape or orientation.
For non-homogeneous materials,
those having glass mesh or
polymer film reinforcement, the
term “relative thermal conductivity”
is appropriate because the thermal
conductivity of these materials
depends on the relative thickness of
the layers and their orientation with
respect to heat flow.
Another inherent thermal property
of a material is its thermal
resistance, R , as defined in
Equation 2.
(2)
R = A ∆T
Q
This property is a measure of how
a material of a specific thickness
resists the flow of heat. The
relationship between k and R is
shown by substituting Equation (2)
into (1) and rearranging to form (3)
(3)
k= d
R
Equation 3 shows that for
homogeneous materials, thermal
resistance is directly proportional to
thickness. For non-homogeneous
materials, the resistance generally
increases with thickness but the
relationship may not be linear.
Thermal conductivity and thermal
resistance describe heat transfer
within a material once heat has
entered the material. Because real
surfaces are never truly flat or
smooth, the contact plane between
a surface and a material can also
produce a resistance to the flow
Figure 1a. Schematic representation of two
surfaces in contact and heat flow across the
interface
T557 Impedance vs Pressure
tested at 70 deg C per ASTM D5470
0.025
Thermal Impedance, deg C-in2/W
Introduction
0.02
0.015
0.01
0.005
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Pressure, psi
Figure 1b. Interface material compressed
between two contacting surfaces
of heat. Figure 1 depicts surface
irregularities on a micro scale and
surface warp on a macro scale.
Actual contact occurs at the high
points, leaving air-filled voids where
the valleys align. Air voids resist
the flow of heat and force more of
the heat to flow through the contact
points. This constriction resistance
is referred to as surface contact
resistance and can be a factor at all
contacting surfaces.
The impedance [Θ] of a material
is defined as the sum of its
thermal resistance and any contact
resistance between it and the
contacting surfaces as defined in
Equation 4.
(4)
= Rmaterial +Rcontact
Surface flatness, surface
roughness, clamping pressure,
material thickness and
compressive modulus have a major
impact on contact resistance.
6
Thermal Interface
Materials (TIM)
Heat generated by a semiconductor
must be removed to the ambient
environment to maintain the
junction temperature of the
component within safe operating
limits. Often this heat removal
process involves conduction
from a package surface to a heat
spreader that can more efficiently
transfer the heat to the ambient
environment. The spreader has to
be carefully joined to the package to
minimize the thermal resistance of
this newly formed thermal joint.
Attaching a heat spreader to a
semiconductor package surface
requires that two commercial grade
surfaces be brought into intimate
contact. These surfaces are usually
characterized by a microscopic
surface roughness superimposed
on a macroscopic non-planarity that
can give the surfaces a concave,
convex or twisted shape. When two
such surfaces are joined, contact
occurs only at the high points. The
low points form air-filled voids.
Typical contact area can consist
of more than 90 percent air voids,
which represents a significant
resistance to heat flow.
Thermally conductive materials are
used to eliminate these interstitial
air gaps from the interface by
conforming to the rough and
uneven mating surfaces. Because
the material has a greater thermal
conductivity than the air it replaces,
the resistance across the joint
decreases, and the component
junction temperature will be
THERMATTACH®
Adhesive Tapes
reduced. A variety of material types
have been developed in response
to the changing needs of the
electronic packaging market. These
materials can be categorized as
follows:
Phase-Change Materials
THERMFLOW® materials are
formulated with silicone or other
polymer resins that are loaded
with thermally conductive fillers.
They combine the high thermal
performance of grease with the
ease of handling and “peel-andstick” application of pads. They are
used between high performance
microprocessors, graphics
processors, chipsets and heat
sinks.
• Can achieve less than 0.3°Ccm2/W thermal impedance
• Conform at operating
temperature to minimize
thermal path thickness
• Excellent surface “wetting”
eliminates contact resistance
Phase change materials behave
like thermal greases after they
reach their melt temperature,
typically 45–55°C. Their viscosity
rapidly diminishes and they flow
throughout the thermal joint to
fill the gaps that were initially
present. This process requires
some compressive force, usually a
few psi, to bring the two surfaces
together and cause the material
to flow. This process continues
until the two surfaces come into
contact at a minimum of three
points, or the joint becomes so thin
that the viscosity of the material
prevents further flow. These
materials inherently do not provide
electrical isolation because they
may allow the two surfaces to
make contact; however, variations
with dielectric films are available.
These materials have demonstrated
excellent long-term reliability and
performance.
Polymer Solder Hybrids
These THERMFLOW materials
incorporate low-melt metal alloy
fillers which flow at temperatures
®
Chomerics
Heat Transfer Fundamentals
Because these surface conditions
can vary from application to
application, thermal impedance of
a material will also be application
dependent.
THERMFLOW® Phase-Change Materials
around 65°C and provide ultra low
thermal impedance, less than 0.1
°C-cm2/W at minimum bond line
thickness.
Thermal Tapes
THERMATTACH® tapes are
formulated with acrylic or
silicone based pressure sensitive
adhesive (PSA) loaded with
thermally conductive fillers. They
are designed to securely bond
heat sinks to power dissipating
components without an additional
clamping mechanism.
• Acrylic based adhesives for
metal or ceramic packages
• Silicone based adhesive for
bonding plastic packages to heat
sinks
• Ionically pure formulations for
use inside component packages
and on printed circuit boards
• Limited gap filling properties
require reasonable surface
flatness
• High shear strength at elevated
temperatures
Thermal tapes are used primarily
for their mechanical adhesive
properties, and to a lesser extent
for their thermal properties. The
thermal conductivity of these tapes
is moderate and their thermal
performance in an application is
dependent on the contact area
that can be achieved between the
bonding surfaces.
Gap Fillers
THERM-A-GAP™ gap fillers are
a family of low modulus (soft),
thermally conductive silicone
elastomers for applications where
7
• Fill gaps ranging from 0.005
to 0.25 inch without stressing
components
• Can cure at room temperature
• Localized encapsulating of
components
Insulating Pads
CHO-THERM® insulating pads
were developed as a user-friendly
alternative to greased mica
insulators to be used between
discrete power devices and heat
sinks.
CHO-THERM® Insulator Pads
heat must be conducted over a
large and variant gap between a
semiconductor component and a
heat dissipating surface.
• Soft silicone gel binder provides
low modulus for conformability
at low pressures
• Low modulus allows materials
to make up for large tolerance
stack ups
• Low pressure applications
Gap fillers are used to bridge large
gaps between hot components
and a cold surface. The gaps are
not only large, but their tolerances
can be ±20 % or greater. This
means that the gap filler must
have sufficient compliance to fill
such spaces without stressing
components beyond their safe
limits. Non-silicone gap fillers
are available for silicone sensitive
applications. Hybrid gap fillers that
combine thermal and RF absorption
properties are also available.
Gap fillers are supplied in pad-form
over a wide range of thickness,
0.5 to 5mm, and can be molded
into complex shapes. They are
also supplied as pre-cured, single
component compounds that can be
dispensed over the heat generating
component.
These unique materials result in
Chomerics
much lower mechanical stress on
delicate components than even
the softest gap-filling sheets. They
are ideal for filling variable gaps
between multiple components and
a common heat sink.
Form In Place Compounds
THERM-A-FORM™ compounds
are reactive, two-component
silicone RTVs (room temperature
vulcanizing materials) that can be
used to form thermal pathways in
applications where the distance
between a component and a cold
surface is highly variable. They are
dispensed onto the component
and readily conform over complex
geometries and then cured in place.
• Low-modulus, ceramic filled
compounds
• Silicone binder provides high
temperature stability and good
electrical insulation properties
• Glass mesh reinforcement
provides cut-through resistance
• High mounting pressure
required to minimize contact
resistance
• U.L. recognized flammability
ratings
This class of product is
characterized by high thermal
conductivity, very high dielectric
strength and volume resistivity.
Pads must conduct very large
heat loads from discrete power
semiconductors to heat sinks,
while providing long-term electrical
insulation between the live
component case and the grounded
heat sink.
Thermal Greases
Thermal greases are formulated
with silicone or hydrocarbon oils
that are loaded with conductive
fillers. They are viscous liquids that
are typically stenciled or screen
printed onto the heat spreader
or heat sink. Greases have good
surface wetting characteristics and
flow easily to fill up voids at the
interfaces resulting in low thermal
impedance even at low application
pressure.
Thermal Gels
Form-in-Place Compound
Thermal gels are silicone-based
formulations that are loaded with
conductive fillers and are crosslinked to form a low-modulus paste.
They are highly conformable and
8
provide low thermal impedance
like greases but are designed to
overcome the pump-out and dryout issues of grease.
Key Properties of
Thermal Interface
Materials
Thermal Properties
The key properties of interface
materials are thermal impedance
and thermal conductivity.
Thermal Impedance
This is the measure of the total
resistance to the flow of heat from
a hot surface through an interface
material into a cold surface.
Thermal impedance is measured
according to the ASTM D5470 test
method. Although the current
version of this method is specific
to high durometer insulating pad
materials tested at high clamping
forces, the method has been
successfully adapted for use with
low durometer materials as well as
fluid compounds.
Thermal impedance can be
measured using D5470 at several
clamping forces to generate a
pressure versus thermal impedance
plot as shown in Figure 2. This type
of data can be used to generate
information about the ability of a
material to conform to surfaces to
minimize contact resistance. Care
must be taken with this type of
data because contact resistance is
also highly influenced by surface
characteristics. To minimize the
impact of test equipment variations,
this type of work is best performed
with the same test surfaces for all
materials being tested.
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal impedance data measured
according to ASTM D5470 can
be used to calculate the thermal
conductivity of an interface
material. Rearranging Equation (3)
to give Equation (5)
(5)
Rmaterial =
d
k
Chomerics
and substituting into Equation (4)
yields Equation (6).
(6) Θ =
d
+ Rcontact
k
Equation (6) shows that for a
homogeneous material, a plot of
thermal impedance [Θ] versus
thickness (d) is a straight line
whose slope is equal to the inverse
of the thermal conductivity and
the intercept at zero thickness is
the contact resistance shown in
Figure 2. Thickness can be varied by
either stacking up different layers
of the material or by preparing the
material at different thicknesses.
1
Slope = 1/k
Rcontact
d
Figure 2. Thermal Impedance vs. Thickness
Electrical Properties
Voltage Breakdown
This is a measure of how much
voltage differential a material can
withstand under a specific set of
test conditions. This property is
usually measured using ASTM D149
where a test specimen is subjected
to ramped alternating current
voltage such that dielectric failure is
reached within twenty seconds after
the start of the test. Five specimens
are tested and the average voltage
breakdown is calculated and
reported. The value is an average,
not a minimum. Voltage Breakdown
can be converted to Dielectric
Strength by dividing the voltage
breakdown value by the specimen
thickness where the dielectric
failure occurred. This test is an
indication of the ability of a material
to withstand high voltages, but
does not guarantee how a material
will behave over time in a real
application. The value is influenced
by several factors. Humidity and
elevated temperature will reduce
the voltage breakdown because
absorbed water will degrade the
electrical properties of the material.
The size of the test electrode will
affect the observed breakdown
voltage. A larger test electrode will
typically yield a lower breakdown
voltage. The presence of partial
discharge, as well as mechanical
stresses imposed on the interface
material, also reduce voltage
breakdown.
Volume Resistivity
Volume resistivity is a measure of
the bulk electrical resistance of
a unit cube of a material. When
determined per ASTM D257, volume
resistivity can give an indication of
how well an interface material can
limit leakage current between an
active component and its grounded
metal heat sink. As with voltage
breakdown, volume resistivity can
be significantly lowered by humidity
and elevated temperature.
Elastomeric Properties
Interface materials exhibit
properties typical of highly filled
elastomers, namely compression
deflection, compression set and
stress relaxation.
Compression Deflection
Compression deflection refers
to resultant forces a material
exerts while being deflected. As a
compressive load is applied, the
elastomer material is deformed
but the volume of the material
remains constant. The compression
deflection characteristics can vary,
depending on part geometry (i.e.,
thickness and surface area), rate of
deflection, size of probe, etc.
Stress Relaxation
When a compressive load is applied
to an interface material, there is an
initial deflection followed by a slow
relaxation process whereby some
of the load is relieved. This process
continues until the compressive
load is balanced by the cohesive
strength of the material.
9
Compression Set
Compression set is the result
of stress relaxation. After a
material has been subjected to a
compressive load for an extended
time, part of the deflection
becomes permanent and will not
be recoverable after the load is
reduced.
Chomerics
10
THERM-A-GAP HCS10,569,570,579,580
TM
Thermally Conductive Gap Filler Pads
DESCRIPTION
THERM-A-GAP™ gap-filler
sheets and pads offer excellent
thermal properties and highest
conformability at low clamping
forces.
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Ultra low deflection force
• High thermal conductivity
• High tack surface reduces
contact resistance
• “A” version offers high strength
acrylic PSA for permanent
attachment
• UL recognized V-0 flammability
• RoHS compliant
All products are available on
aluminum foil (A) or on “clean
break” glass (G) fiber carrier. As
with all previous Chomerics gapfillers, the “A” versions have a high
strength acrylic pressure sensitive
adhesive (PSA) for permanent
attachment to the cold surfaces.
THERM-A-GAP™ HCS10, 569, 570, 579, 580 Thermally Conductive Pads
Typical Properties
569
570
579
580
Test Method
Orange
Gray
Blue
Pink
Yellow
Visual
Carrier
G = Woven glass - no PSA
A = Aluminum foil - with PSA
A or G
A or G
A or G
A or G
A or G
--
Physical
Standard Thicknesses*, mm (inch)
0.25 – 5.0
0.25 – 5.0
0.5 – 5.0
0.25 – 5.0
0.5 – 5.0
(0.010 - 0.200) (0.010 - 0.200) (0.020 - 0.200) (0.010 - 0.200) (0.020 - 0.200)
Specific Gravity
Hardness, Shore 00
Extractable Silicone, %
Thermal
2.2
2.2
2.9
2.9
ASTM D792
4
10
25
30
45
ASTM D2240
Chomerics
10
10
6
6
% Deflected
% Deflected
% Deflected
% Deflected
26
36
59
73
20
30
50
65
10
15
25
35
22
33
55
68
7
10
20
30
-55 to 200
[-67 to 392]
-55 to 200
[-67 to 392]
-55 to 200
[-67 to 392]
-55 to 200
[-67 to 392]
-55 to 200
[-67 to 392]
--
9.7
(1.5)
9.1
(1.4)
9.1
(1.4)
4.5
(0.7)
4.5
(0.7)
ASTM D5470
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K @ 25 psi
1
1.5
1.5
3
3
ASTM D5470
Heat Capacity, J/g-K
1
1
1
1
1
ASTM E1269
Thermal Impedance,°C-cm2/W (°C-in2/W)
@ 10 psi, @ 1mm thick, G version
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, ppm/K
Electrical
2.0
N/A
Operating Temperature Range, °C [°F]
ASTM C165 MOD
(0.125 in “G” Type,
0.50 in dia. probe,
0.025 in/min rate)
N/A
250
250
150
150
ASTM E831
8 (200)
8 (200)
8 (200)
8 (200)
8 (200)
ASTM D149
Volume Resistivity, ohm-cm
1014
1014
1014
1014
1014
ASTM D257
Dielectric Constant @1,000 kHz
5.3
6.5
6.5
8.0
8.0
ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor @ 1,000 kHz
0.013
0.013
0.013
0.010
0.010
Chomerics Test
Not Tested
V-0
V-0
V-0
V-0
UL 94
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
0.44 (0.13)
0.42 (0.08)
0.35 (0.09)
0.19 (0.06)
0.18 (0.05)
ASTM E595
24 (18)
24 (18)
24 (18)
24 (18)
24 (18)
Chomerics
Dielectric Strength, KVac/mm (Vac/mil)
Flammability Rating
(See UL File E140244 for Details)
Regulatory
ASTM D374
% Deflected
Percent Deflection @ Various Pressures
(0.125 in thick sample)
@ 34 kPa (5 psi)
@ 69 kPa (10 psi)
@ 172 kPa (25 psi)
@ 345 kPa (50 psi)
Gap Fillers
HCS10
Color
RoHS Compliant
Outgassing, % TML (% CVCM)
Shelf Life,
months from date of shipment G (A)
*Thickness tolerance, mm(in.) ±10% nominal thickness @ 2.5mm (100 mil) or less;
± 0.25mm (10mil) @ nominal thickness greater than 2.5mm (100 mil). Custom thicknesses may be available upon request.
Chomerics
Yellow highlights new product since previous catalog edition.
11
THERM-A-GAPTM HCS10,569, 570, 579, 580 Thermally Conductive Pads
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Telecommunications equipment
• Consumer electronics
• Automotive electronics (ECUs)
• LEDs, Lighting
• Power conversion
• Desktop computers, laptops,
servers
• Handheld devices
• Memory modules
• Vibration dampening
HANDLING INFORMATION
These products are defined by
Chomerics as “articles” according
to the following generally
recognized regulatory definition for
articles:
In addition:
•
There is no known or
anticipated exposure to
hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface,
and design is more relevant
than its chemical composition.
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For
further questions, please contact
Chomerics at 781-935-4850.
An article is a manufactured item
“formed to a specific shape or
design during manufacturing,”
which has “end use functions”
dependent upon its size and shape
during end use and which has
generally “no change of chemical
composition during its end use.”
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
HCS10
• Economical solution
• Highest conformability
gap filler sheet
569
• Economical combination of
thermal performance and
conformability
570
• Best for molding complex parts
and vibration dampening
579
• Best combination of thermal
performance and conformability
• Lowest outgassing
580
• Best for molding complex parts
and vibration dampening
• Lowest outgassing
Ordering Information
Thermally conductive pads are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
Distributor Part Numbers - 18” X 18” Sheets
0.010 in
0.015 in
0.020 in
0.030 in
0.040 in
0.050 in
0.060 in
= 69-XX-27082-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-27083-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20698-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-27070-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20684-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-27072-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20991-ZZZZ
0.070 in
0.080 in
0.100 in
0.130 in
0.160 in
0.200 in
= 69-XX-20685-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-21259-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20672-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20675-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20686-ZZZZ
= 69-XX-20687-ZZZZ
Custom die-cut parts on sheets, or as individual parts
“A” version offered die-cut (up to 70 mil) on continuous
rolls (higher volumes)
Custom thicknesses available upon request
(up to 1” thick)
Custom molded designs and ribbed sheets
XX = 11 for “G” Version
XX = 12 for “A” Version
ZZZZ = THERM-A-GAP™ Material Code
OEM Part Number Examples - 9” X 9” Sheets
Standard OEM Sheet, 0.070 Thick, “G” carrier, no PSA, 570 material:
Standard OEM Sheet, 0.200 Thick, “A” carrier, with PSA, 579 material:
61 - 07 - 0909 - G570
62 - 20 - 0909 - A579
Custom Part Number Examples
Custom configuration, (69 Prefix) “A” carrier, with PSA, 569 material:
69 - 12 - XXXXX - A569
(Where “XXXXX” is assigned by Chomerics at time of quotation)
XX = 11 for “G” Version
XX = 12 for “A” Version
ZZZZ = THERM-A-GAP™ Material Code
Chomerics
12
THERM-A-GAP 974, G974 and 976
TM
High Thermal Conductivity Gap Filler Pads
DESCRIPTION
THERM-A-GAP™ 97X gap
fillers offer the highest thermal
conductivity for low to moderate
clamping force applications.
FEATURES/BENEFITS
• High thermal conductivity
• 974 and G974 supplied with
PSA for ease of use
• 976 is softer compared to
similar high conductivity
materials
THERM-A-GAP™ 974, G974 and 976 Thermally Conductive Gap Filler Pads
Typical Properties
Blue
Gold
Visual
PSA
Fiberglass with PSA
None
--
0.5 - 1.50
(0.020 - 0.060)
0.25 - 1.50
(0.010 - 0.060)
1.00 - 5.00
(0.040 - 0.200)
ASTM D374
1.40
1.40
1.30
ASTM D792
Hardness, Shore A
40
40
10
ASTM D2240
Penetrometer, mm
25
25
60
Chomerics
% Deflected
% Deflected
% Deflected
7
11
12
13
7
11
12
13
6
10
11
45
2.9
(0.45)
3.3
(0.51)
1.9
(0.30)
ASTM D5470
6.0
5.0
6.5
ASTM D5470
@ 34 kPa (5 psi)
@ 69 kPa (10 psi)
@ 172 kPa (25 psi)
@ 345 kPa (50 psi)
Thermal Impedance, °C-cm2/W (°C-in2/W)
@ 345 kPa (50 psi), 1 mm
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
ASTM C165 MOD
(0.070” thick,
0.50 in diameter,
0.025 in/min rate)
Heat Capacity, J/g-K
0.9
0.9
0.9
ASTM E1269
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, ppm/°C
100
100
100
ASTM E831
-55 to 200°C
(-67 to 392)
-55 to 200°C
(-67 to 392)
-55 to 200°C
(-67 to 392)
--
5.1 (200)
5.1 (200)
5.1 (200)
ASTM D149
Operating Temperature Range, °C (°F)
Dielectric Strength, KVac/mm (Vac / mil)
Volume Resistivity, ohm-cm
10
14
10
14
10
ASTM D257
14
Dielectric Constant @1,000 kHz
3.2
3.2
3.2
ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor @ 1,000 kHz
< 0.001
< 0.001
< 0.001
Chomerics Test
Not Tested
V-0
V-0
UL 94
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
E595
12
12
24
Chomerics
Flammability Rating
(See UL File E140244 for Details)
RoHS Compliant
Outgassing, % TML (%CVCM)
Shelf Life,
months from date of shipment
Gap Fillers
Physical
Test Method
Blue
Percent Deflection @ Various Pressures
(0.070 in thick sample)
Thermal
976
Carrier
Specific Gravity
Electrical
G974
Color
Standard Thicknesses*, mm (in)
Regulatory
974
*Thickness tolerance, mm(in.) ±10% nominal thickness @ 2.5mm (100 mil) or less;
± 0.25mm (10mil) @ nominal thickness greater than 2.5mm (100 mil). Custom thicknesses may be available upon request.
Chomerics
13
THERM-A-GAPTM 974, G974 and 976 Thermally Conductive Gap Filler Pads
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Telecommunications equipment
• Consumer electronics
• Automotive electronics (ECUs)
• LEDs, Lighting
• Power conversion
• Power semiconductors
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
974
• Excellent thermal performance
• PSA for improved application
G974
• Excellent thermal performance
• PSA for improved application
• Fiberglass reinforced for
improved tear strength and
improved rework capabilities
MATERIAL HANDLING
These products are defined by
Chomerics as “articles” according to
the following generally recognized
regulatory definition for articles:
An article is a manufactured item
“formed to a specific shape or
design during manufacturing,”
which has “end use functions”
dependent upon
its size and shape during end use
and which has generally “no change
of chemical composition during its
end use.”
In addition:
•
There is no known or
anticipated exposure to
hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface,
and design is more relevant
than its chemical composition.
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For
further questions, please contact
Chomerics at 781-935-4850.
976
• Superior thermal performance
• Low compression force under
pressure
• Minimal stress on components
Ordering Information
THERM-A-GAP products are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
• Full Sheets, 9x12” to 20x25”
• Die-cut parts on sheets
• Custom die-cut parts on sheets, or as individual parts
Part Number:
6
1 = Sheet - No PSA (976 only) Material thickness* in mils
(e.g. 10 = 0.010” or 0.254 mm)
2 = Sheet with PSA 1 side
(974/G974 only)
9 = Custom configuration
11 = Custom, no PSA (976 only)
12 = Custom, with PSA 1side
(974/G974 only)
YYYY = 0808
(8” X 8” Sheet / 20.3 cm X 20.3 cm).
Custom YYYY sizes available.
ZZZZ = 974, G974, or 976
YYYYY = Custom configuration
(Please contact Chomerics for a
pre-assigned part number if necessary)
* See typical properties table for thicknesses.
Chomerics
14
THERM-A-GAP 575-NS
TM
Silicone-Free Soft Acrylic Thermally Conductive Gap Filler Pads
DESCRIPTION
THERM-A-GAP™ acrylic gap filler
pads are used in silicone sensitive
applications.
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Economical with good thermal
conductivity
• No silicone outgassing or
extractables
• RoHs compliant
• Inherently tacky on both sides
for ease of application (No
pressure sensitive adhesive
option available/necessary)
THERM-A-GAP™ Silicone-Free Soft Acrylic Thermally Conductive Pads
Typical Properties
Color
575-NS
Test Method
Yellow
Visual
Composition
Ceramic Filled Acrylic
---
Thickness, mm (in)
0.5 – 2.5 (0.020 -0.100)
ASTM D374
Specific Gravity
1.8
ASTM D792
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
1.2
ASTM D5470
70
ASTM D2240
-20 to 100 (-4 to 212)
--
Hardness (Shore 00)
Operating Temperature Range, °C (°F)
Ordering Information
Part Number
Thickness / mm (in)
69-11-27154-575NS
0.5 (0.020)
69-11-27155-575NS
1 (0.040)
69-11-27156-575NS
1.2 (0.047)
69-11-27157-575NS
1.5 (0.060)
69-11-27158-575NS
2 (0.080)
69-11-27159-575NS
2.5 (0.100)
Chomerics
Sheet Size
300 X 400 mm
(11.8 X 15.7)
200 X 300 mm
(7.9 X 11.8)
15
Gap Fillers
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Hard disk drives/storage
• Optical electronics
• Aerospace/Defense
• Desktop computers, laptops,
servers
• Telecommunications equipment
• Consumer electronics
THERM-A-GAP Gels
TM
Dispensable, Very Low Compression Force, Thermal Gap Fillers
lower mechanical stress on delicate
components than even the softest
gap-filling sheets. They are ideal
for filling variable gaps between
multiple components and a common
heat sink.
DESCRIPTION
THERM-A-GAP™ Gels are highly
conformable, pre-cured, singlecomponent compounds. The
cross-linked gel structure provides
superior long term thermal stability and reliable performance. These
unique materials result in much
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Dispensable
• Fully cured
• Highly conformable at low
pressures
• No refrigeration, mixing or filler
settling issues in storage
• Single dispensable TIM can
eliminate multiple pad part
sizes/numbers
• Reworkable
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Automotive electronic control
units (ECUs)
- Engine control
- Transmission control
- Braking/traction control
• Power conversion equipment
• Power supplies and
uninterruptible power supplies
• Power semiconductors
• MOSFET arrays with common
heat sinks
• Televisions and consumer
electronics
THERM-A-GAP™ Dispensed Thermal Gels
Typical Properties
Color
Flow Rate, cc/min - 30cc taper tip,
0.130” orifice, 90psi (621 kPa)
Thermal
Physical
Specific Gravity
Electrical
T635
T636
Test Method
White
White
Yellow
Visual
10
8
8
Chomerics
ASTM D792
2.25
Percent Deflection @ Various Force Levels % Deflection
1.50
1.20
% Deflection
% Deflection
(0.5 lb)
(1 lb)
(2 lbs)
(3 lbs)
(4 lbs)
(5 lbs)
-36
47
54
59
63
-13
33
43
50
56
-6
23
35
43
48
Modified ASTM C165
Dispensed 1.0 cc of material
Brought 1” x 1” probe
down to 0.100”
Test rate 0.025 in/min
Typical minimum bondline thickness,
mm (in)
0.10 (0.004)/
0.25 (0.010)
0.38 (0.015)
0.38 (0.015)
--
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
0.7
1.7
2.4
ASTM D5470
Heat Capacity, J/g-K
1.1
0.9
0.9
ASTM E1269
Coefficient of Thermal
Expansion, ppm/K
350
400
400
ASTM E831
-55 to 200
(-67 to 392)
-55 to 200
(-67 to 392)
-55 to 200
(-67 to 392)
--
5.0 (200)
5.0 (200)
5.0 (200)
ASTM D149
Volume Resistivity, ohm-cm
1014
1014
1014
ASTM D257
Dielectric Constant @1,000 kHz
5.5
4.0
4.0
ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor @ 1,000 kHz
@ .20 kg
@ .45 kg
@ 1.0 kg
@ 1.4 kg
@ 1.8 kg
@ 2.3 kg
Operating Temperature Range, °C(°F)
Regulatory
T630/T630G
Dielectric Strength,
KVac/mm (Vac / mil)
0.010
0.003
0.003
Chomerics
Flammability Rating
(See UL File E140244 for Details)
V-0
Not Tested
V-0
UL 94
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
Outgassing, % TML
0.55
0.5
0.4
ASTM E595
18
18
18
Chomerics
Shelf Life,
months from date of manufacture
Chomerics
16
THERM-A-GAPTM Dispensed Thermal Gels
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
T636
• Superior thermal performance
• Solves the toughest heat transfer
problems
• Low deflection force required
• Minimal stress on components
Thermal Gels
T630 / T630G
• Years of proven reliability in
high-volume automotive
applications
• General use material
• Good thermal performance
• Lowest deflection force required
• Minimal stress on components
• “G” version has 0.010” glass
beads as compression stops for
electrical isolation
T635
• Excellent thermal performance
• Low deflection force required
• Minimal stress on components
Ordering Information
These materials are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
PART NUMBERS
65-00-T6XX - 0010
65-00-T6XX - 0030
65-00-T6XX - 0180
65-00-T6XX - 0300
69-11-24419-T630
69-11-25177-T630
10 CC SAMPLE
30 CC CARTRIDGE
180 CC CARTRIDGE
300 CC CARTRIDGE
25 KG KIT
1 GAL PAIL (5 KG )
 Dispensing Equipment Options
Optional Supplier
Description
Hand-Gun Pneumatic Dispensing 300cc cartridges
Bergdahl Associates
Semco Model 550
Hand-Gun Pneumatic Dispensing 180cc (6oz) cartridges 
Bergdahl Associates
Model 250A-6oz
Sealant Gun
http://www.bergdahl.com
Ultra 2400 Series
Pneumatic Shot Size Controllers
30cc, 180cc and 300cc Shot Size Dispensing Equipment
EFD
30cc/55cc Adapter Assembly
EFD
10000D5152
Dispensing Sleeve to support 6oz (180cc) Semco Tubes
EFD
5192-6
Ultra 1400 Series
Ultra 870 Series
http://www.efd-inc.com
SEMCO is a trademark of Semco, Inc.
Chomerics
17
GEL 8010
Thermally Conductive Dispensable Gel
and can be applied to single devices
with minimum bond-line thickness
as well as to multiple devices with
variable z-axis tolerances.
The cross-linked gel structure
provides superior long term thermal
stability and reliable performance
over conventional greases.
DESCRIPTION
GEL 8010 is specifically formulated
for use in high performance devices
requiring minimum thermal resistance for maximum thermal performance and component reliability.
GEL 8010 is a compliant material
that requires low compression force
to conform over irregular interfaces
Gel 8010 can easily be applied by
stencil printing or dispensing, either
manually or with automated equipment. It requires no cure cycle and
can be readily re-worked. GEL 8010
is supplied as a one-component
gel and requires no refrigeration,
no mixing and has no filler settling
issues.
Typical Properties
Color
Flow Rate, cc/min - 30cc taper tip,
0.130” orifice, 90psi (621 kPa)
Thermal
Physical
Specific Gravity
Percent Deflection @ Various Force Levels
@ .20 kg
@ .45 kg
@ 1.0 kg
@ 1.4 kg
@ 1.8 kg
@ 2.3 kg
Electrical
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Microprocessors
• Graphics Processors
• Chipsets
• Memory Modules
• Power Modules
• Power Semiconductors
GEL 8010
Test Method
White
Visual
70
Chomerics
2.70
ASTM D792
% Deflection
Modified ASTM C165
Dispensed 1.0 cc of material
Brought 1” x 1” probe
down to 0.100”
Test rate 0.025 in/min
(0.5 lb)
(1 lb)
(2 lbs)
(3 lbs)
(4 lbs)
(5 lbs)
27
44
57
64
68
74
Typical minimum bondline thickness,
mm (in)
0.10 (0.004)/
0.25 (0.010)
--
Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
4.0
ASTM D5470
Heat Capacity, J/g-K
.047
ASTM E1269
Coefficient of Thermal
Expansion, ppm/K
943
ASTM E831
-55 to 200
(-67 to 392)
--
5.0 (200)
ASTM D149
Volume Resistivity, ohm-cm
1014
ASTM D257
Dielectric Constant @100 kHz
6.3
ASTM D150
Operating Temperature Range, °C(°F)
Dielectric Strength,
KVac/mm (Vac / mil)
Dissipation Factor @ 100 kHz
Flammability Rating
Regulatory
GEL 8010 has demonstrated reliable thermal performance during
temperature cycling, humidity, long
term thermal aging and power
cycling tests. It was developed for
next generation microprocessors.
RoHS Compliant
0.002
Chomerics
V-0 Pending
UL 94
Yes
Chomerics Certification
Outgassing, % TML
--
ASTM E595
Shelf Life,
months from date of manufacture
18
Chomerics
Yellow highlights new product since previous catalog edition.
Chomerics
18
GEL 8010 Thermally Conductive Dispensable Gel
FEATURES/BENEFITS
Thermal Gels
• Applicable to single devices or
multiple devices
• Requires no cure cycle, mixing or
refrigeration
• No pump-out associated with
thermal grease
• Lower joint stress compared to
metallic solder
• Reworkable gel
• RoHS compliant
• UL 94 V-0 Flammability Ratings
• Low thermal impedance
• High bulk thermal conductivity
• Excellent long term EOLife (End
of Life) performance
• Proven performance at elevated
temperatures
• Easy to handle and apply-stencil printable
• Highly conformable at low
compression force
• End user license agreement may
apply
INSTALLATION GUIDELINES
Thermal GEL 8010 is supplied in
plastic syringes and aluminum
cartridges. Apply pressure to
the rear of the cartridge, simply
dispense the desired amount onto
components or cooling plates.
Since GEL 8010 gel is conformable,
the gel can be stencil printed
onto the plates. The thickness of
the printed gel can be adjusted
depending on the component type
and size, but about 6mil thickness
is recommended. The gel is
reworkable and excess material
can be easily wiped off with a rag.
Refer to Application Note for more
detailed information about using
this material.
BAKE TEST at 95 ºC
Bake Test at 95°C
TEMPERATURE CYCLING TEST
0.16
0.16
0.12
0.14
0.10
0.12
TIM, °C-cm²/W
TIM, °C-cm2/W
0.14
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.10
0.08
GEL 8010
0.06
0.04
0.02
Temperature Cycling Testing between 0°C and 125°C
with 10 min. ramping time and 10 min. soaking time
0.02
0.00
0.00
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
Temperature Cycles
Bake Hours
Ordering Information
These materials are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
PART NUMBERS
65-00-GEL8010-0010
65-00-GEL8010-0030
65-00-GEL8010-0180
65-00-GEL8010-0300
69-11-25177-GEL8010
69-11-28020-GEL8010
10 CC sample
30 CC Cartridge
80 CC Cartridge
300 CC Cartridge
1 GAL PAIL (5 KG)
1 GAL PAIL (9 KG)
Chomerics
19
800
THERMFLOW®
Phase-Change Thermal Interface Pads
Chomerics offers two types of phase
change materials—traditional
thermal interface pads and polymer
solder hybrids.
DESCRIPTION
THERMFLOW® phase-change
Thermal Interface Materials (TIM)
are designed to minimize the
thermal resistance between power
dissipating electronic components
and heat sinks.
This low thermal resistance path
maximizes heat sink performance
and improves component reliability.
At room temperature, THERMFLOW
materials are solid and easy to
handle. This allows them to be
consistently and cleanly applied
as dry pads to a heat sink or
component surface. THERMFLOW
material softens as it reaches
component operating temperatures.
With light clamping pressure it
will readily conform to both mating
surfaces.
This ability to completely fill
interfacial air gaps and voids typical
of component packages and heat
sinks allows THERMFLOW pads
to achieve performance superior
to any other thermal interface
materials.
THERMFLOW products are
electrically non-conductive.
However, since metal-to-metal
contact is possible after the
material undergoes phase-change
in a typical heat sink assembly.
In general, THERMFLOW pads
should not be used as electrical
insulators - PC07DM-7 is offered as
a dielectric version.
Chomerics
POLYMER SOLDER HYBRID
MATERIALS
These Thermal Interface Materials
provide superior long term
reliability performance. These
products exhibit the lowest thermal
impedance of the phase-change
family.
For optimum performance, the pads
must be exposed to temperatures
above 64ºC during operation or by
a burn-in cycle to achieve lowest
thermal impedance and highest
thermal performance.
Upon reaching the required burnin temperature, the pad will fully
change phase and attain MBLT
(minimum bond-line thickness less
than 0.001 inch or 0.0254mm) and
maximum surface wetting.
FEATURES/BENEFITS
• Low thermal impedance
• Proven solution – years of
production use in personal
computer OEM applications
• Demonstrated reliability through
thermal cycling and accelerated
age testing
• Can be pre-applied to heat sinks
• Protective release liner prevents
contamination of material prior
to final component assembly
• Tabs available for easy removal
of release liner (T710, T725,
T557, T777)
• Available in custom die-cut
shapes, kiss-cut on rolls
• Electrically non-conductive, nonsilicone polymers
• RoHS Compliant
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Microprocessors
• Graphics Processors
• Chipsets
• Memory Modules
• Power Modules
• Power Semiconductors
HANDLING INFORMATION
These products are defined by
Chomerics as “articles” according
to the following generally
recognized regulatory definition for
articles:
An article is a manufactured item
“formed to a specific shape or
design during manufacturing,”
which has “end use functions”
dependent upon its size and shape
during end use and which has
generally “no change of chemical
composition during its end use.”
In addition:
•
There is no known or
anticipated exposure to
hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface,
and design is more relevant
than its chemical composition.
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For
further questions, please contact
Chomerics at 781-935-4850.
APPLICATION
Material may flow when oriented
vertically, especially at higher
temperatures. This does not affect
thermal performance, but should
be considered if appearance is
important.
20
Physical
Thermal
Electrical
<0.5%
Weight Loss,
125°C for 48 Hours
12
Shelf Life,
months from date of
shipment
12
Yes
12
Yes
V-0
N/A
1014
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
0.71 (0.11)
0.39 (0.06)
0.26 (0.04)
<0.5%
55
1.1
0.125 (0.005)
T766
12
Yes
Not Tested
N/A
1014
Metal Foil*
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
0.97 (0.15)
0.58 (0.09)
0.39 (0.06)
<0.5%
55
2.6
0.088 (0.0035)
1 mil
Metal Foil
Purple /
Gray foil
12
Yes
Not Tested
N/A
Nonconductive **
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
0.13 (0.02)
0.097 (0.015)
0.052 (0.008)
<0.5%
45 / 62
2.4
0.125
(0.005)
None Free film
Gray
T557
T558
12
Yes
Not Tested
N/A
Nonconductive** /
Metal Foil*
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
0.19 (0.03)
0.13 (0.02)
0.097 (0.015)
<0.5%
45 / 62
3.65
0.115
(0.0045)
1 mil
Metal Foil
Gray /
Gray foil
12
Yes
V-0
N/A
Nonconductive**
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
0.13 (0.02)
0.097 (0.015)
0.035 (0.0055)
<0.5%
45 / 62
1.95
0.115
(0.0045)
None Free film
Gray
T777
Chomerics
Chomerics
Certification
UL 94
ASTM D149
ASTM D257
--
ASTM D5470
--
ASTM D3418
ASTM D792
ASTM D374
--
Visual
Test Method
**The phase-change material is electrically non-conductive. However, as it contains dispersed solder for enhanced thermal properties, it can exhibit through-conductivity at
thinner bond line thickness (approximately <2 mils). It should not be used as an electrical insulator.
*Phase-change material exhibits 1014 ohm-cm volume resistivity. Metal foil is electrically conductive.
Yes
Not Tested
Flammability Rating
RoHS Compliant
N/A
5.000
Voltage Breakdown (Vac)
Not Tested
1014
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
1014
-55 to 125
(-67 to 257)
1.48 (0.23)
1.03 (0.16)
0.77 (0.12)
<0.5%
45
1.15
0.138 (0.0055)
Volume Resistivity,
ohm-cm
Operating Temperature
Range, °C (°F)
@ 69 kPa (10 psi)
@ 172 kPa (25 psi)
@ 345 kPa (50 psi)
2.26 (0.35)
1.93 (0.30)
1.81 (0.28)
55
Phase Transition
Temperature, °C
Thermal Impedance @
70°C,
°C-cm2/W (°C-in2/W)
1.1
Specific Gravity
0.178 (0.007)
2 mil
Fiberglass
1 mil
polyester
Carrier
Standard Thicknesses,
mm (in)
Pink
Pink
Color
None Free Film
T725
Light gray /
off-white
PC07DM-7
T710 with PSA
Typical Properties
Phase Change Pads
Chomerics
Regulatory
THERMFLOW® Phase-Change Thermal Interface Pads
THERMFLOW® Phase-Change Thermal Interface Pads
21
THERMFLOW® Phase-Change Thermal Interface Pads
TRADITIONAL PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS (PCM)
PC07DM-7
• Utilizes proven T725 phasechange material
• Polyester dielectric layer offers
excellent mechanical and
electrical properties
• Inherently tacky – no adhesive
required
• Good thermal properties
T725
• Excellent thermal performance
• Inherently tacky – no adhesive
required
• Ideal for vertical applications
• Sticky nature limits flowing in
vertical applications
T710
• General use material
• Good thermal performance
• Low deflection force required
• Fiberglass provides dielectric
standoff
• Available with and without
adhesive
POLYMER SOLDER HYBRID MATERIALS (PSH)
T557
• Superior thermal performance
• Dispersed solder filler offers
added thermal performance
• Resin system designed for
higher temperature reliability
• Inherently tacky – no adhesive
required
T558
• Superior thermal performance
• Conformal foil allows clean
break/rework and eliminates top
liner
• Dispersed solder filler offers
added thermal performance
T766
• Excellent thermal performance
• Protective foil eliminates top
liner
• Inherently tacky – no adhesive
required
• Sticky nature limits flowing in
vertical applications
• Resin system designed for
higher temperature reliability
• Inherently tacky – no adhesive
required
T777
• Superior thermal performance
• Ideal solution for mobile
microprocessors
• Dispersed solder filler offers
added thermal performance
• Resin system designed for
higher temperature reliability
• Inherently tacky – no adhesive
required
• End user license agreement
may apply
Ordering Information
THERMFLOW materials are
supplied in several standard
formats (see part number guide
below).
Custom die-cut shapes can also be
provided on kiss-cut rolls by
Chomerics’ extensive network of
distributor/ fabricators. To ease
release liner removal, an optional
tab can be added.
Standard tolerances for slitting
widths and individually cut pieces
are ±0.020 inch (±0.51 mm).
Part Number:
6
6W
XX
4 = Roll stock
6 = Roll stock with PSA
8 = Roll stock
with PSA and release tabs
9 = Custom die-cut part
YYYY
10 = 100 ft.
40 = 400 ft.
XX = Custom length
YYYY =Roll stock width:
Examples
0100 = 1”
0750 = 7.5”
2400 = 24”
11 = without PSA
12 = with PSA one side
(T710 Only)
Custom Part Number.
Contact Chomerics
Chomerics
ZZZZ
ZZZZ = Material class
(T710, T725, T766, T557, T558, T777)
ZZZZ = T710 only product available
with PSA. (no need for PSA)
All others are inherently tacky
ZZZZ = Material class
(T710, T725, T766, T557, T558, T777)
22
THERMATTACH® Tape
Thermally Conductive Attachment Tapes
THERMATTACH® double-sided
thermal interface tapes provide
exceptional bonding properties
between electronic components and
heat sinks, eliminating the need for
mechanical fasteners.
THERMATTACH® tapes are proven
to offer excellent reliability when
exposed to thermal, mechanical,
and environmental conditioning.
They are offered in a variety of
configurations, as detailed in the
typical properties table.
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Offered in various forms to
provide thermal, dielectric, and
flame retardant properties
• Offered in custom die-cut
configurations to suit a variety of
applications
Chomerics
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Mount heat sinks to components
dissipating < ~25 W
• Attach heat sinks to PC (esp.
graphics) processors
• Heat sink attachment to motor
control processors
• Telecommunication
infrastructure components
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
T418
• Superior adhesive strength
• Best conformability to
components
• UL94 V-0 rated
• Good thermal performance
T411
• Designed for adhesion to plastic
packages
• Attaches to low surface energy
packages
T404
• Excellent dielectric strength due
to polyimide carrier
• Good thermal performance
• UL94 V-0 rated
T405
• General use tape with added
thermal conductivity of Al foil
layer
• Excellent thermal performance
• UL94 V-0 rated
T405-R
• T405 without halogenated flame
retardant
T413
• Excellent thermal performance
• Fiberglass layer provides added
strength
T414
• T404 without halogenated flame
retardant
T412
• Good adhesion
• Superior thermal performance
• General use tape with added
thermal conductivity of Al foil
layer
23
Thermal Tapes
DESCRIPTION
• Eliminate the need for
mechanical attachment (i.e.
screws, clips, rivets, fasteners)
• Proven reliability under various
mechanical, thermal, and
enviromental stresses
• Embossed version available
• UL recognized V-0 flammability
• Meets RoHS specifications
• No curing required, unlike epoxy
or acrylic preforms or liquid
systems
• Easily reworkable
Physical
Thermal
Electrical
Mechanical / Adhesion
Chomerics
Regulatory
Adhesive CTE, ppm/ºC (ppm/ºF)
>50
>10
V-0
Yes
12
Flammability Rating (See UL File E140244)
RoHS Compliant
Shelf-Life, months from shipment
1,034 (150)
Creep Adhesion, days
15ºC (77ºF)
125ºC (302ºF)
Die Shear Adhesion after
400 psi attachment, kPa (psi)
– 2 hour sample dwell time 25ºC (77ºF)
6.9 (4.0)
1,034 (150)
Lap Shear Al-Al @25°C, kPa (psi)
90° Peel Adhesion to 0.002”
aluminum foil, N/cm (lbf /in)
1.0 X 1013
5,000
Volume Resistivity, (ohm-cm)
Voltage Breakdown (Vac)
0.5
7.7 (1.2)
Thermal Impedance
°C-cm2/W (°C-in2 / W)
Thermal Conductivity W/m-K
-30 to + 125
(-22 to +257)
Operating Temperature
Range, ºC (ºF)
-20 (-4)
300
Thickness Tolerance, mm (inch)
Glass Transition Temperature
Range ºC (ºF)
± 0.025
(0.001)
12
Yes
Not Tested
>50
>10
931 (135)
1.76 (1.0)
480 (70)
1.0 X 102
N/A
1.4
2.0 (0.30)
-30 to + 125
(-22 to +257)
-30 (-22)
300
0.23 (0.009)
Thickness, mm (inch)
Aluminum Mesh
± 0.025
(0.001)
Fiberglass
Reinforcement Carrier
Standard
Gray
No
0.25 (0.010)
Optional
Light Yellow
No
T412
12
Yes
V-0
>50
>10
897 (130)
2.6 (1.5)
689 (100)
3.0 X 1014
5,000
0.4
3.7 (0.6)
-30 to + 125
(-22 to +257)
-30 (-22)
300
± 0.025
(0.001)
0.127 (0.005)
Filled Polyimide
Standard
Beige
No
T404 / T414
12
Yes
V-0
>50
>10
862 (125)
2.6 (1.5)
689 (100)
N/A
N/A
0.5
3.4 (0.5)
-30 to + 125
(-22 to +257)
-30 (-22)
300
± 0.025
(0.001)
0.15 (0.006)
Aluminum
Standard
White
No
T405 / T405-R
Thermally Conductive Attachment Tapes
T418
Embossed
Color
Recommended for Plastic
Component Attachment
Typical Properties
12
Yes
Not Tested
>50
>10
759 (110)
3.5 (2.0)
270 (40)
NA
NA
0.5
6.5 (1.0)
-50 to +150
(-58 to +302)
-50 (-58)
400
± 0.025
(0.001)
0.25 (0.010)
Aluminum Mesh
No
Clear / Metallic
Yes
T411
12
Yes
Not Tested
>50
>10
931 (135)
2.6 (1.5)
689 (100)
1.3 X 1016
3,700
0.4
4.0 (0.65)
-30 to + 125
(-22 to +257)
-30 (-22)
300
± 0.025
(0.001)
0.18 (0.007)
Fiberglass
Standard
White
No
T413
Chomerics
Chomerics
Certification
UL94
PSTC-7
Chomerics
# 54
ASTM D1000
ASTM D1002
ASTM D257
ASTM D149
ASTM D5470
ASTM D5470
--
ASTM D1356
ASTM D3386
--
ASTM D374
Visual
--
--
--
Method
THERMATTACH® Thermally Conductive Attachment Tapes
24
THERMATTACH® Thermally Conductive Attachment Tapes
Ordering Information
These attachment tapes are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
Sheets form, roll form, or die-cut parts. Offered on continuous rolls.
A general ordering information table is included below for reference.
Part Number:
6
XX = 13 for PSA two sides
YYYY = 4 digit alpha/numeric part number.
Contact Chomerics.
7 = Roll of material
@ various lengths
XX = 10 (100 foot roll)
XX = 40 (400 foot roll)
YYYY = 0600 for 6” wide
YYYY = 1000 for 10” wide
YYYY = 1150 for 11 ½” wide
YYYY = 2400 for 24” wide
(other sizes available. Contact Chomerics)
9 = Custom part
XX = 13 for PSA two sides
YYYYY = Custom Part Number.
Contact Chomerics
0 = Standard Part
Handling Information
These products are defined by
Chomerics as “articles” according
to the following generally
recognized regulatory definition for
articles:
In addition:
•
An article is a manufactured item
“formed to a specific shape or
design during manufacturing,”
which has “end use functions”
dependent upon
There is no known or
anticipated exposure to
hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface,
and design is more relevant
than its chemical composition.
its size and shape during end use
and which has generally “no change
of chemical composition during its
end use.”
Chomerics
ZZZZ = Material class
(T418, T411, etc)
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For
further questions, please contact
Chomerics at 781-935-4850.
25
THERMATTACH® Tape
Tape Application Instructions: T404, T405, T405-R, T411, T412, T413, T414, T418
MATERIALS NEEDED
• Clean lint-free cloth rag
• Industrial solvent
• Rubber gloves
For optimal performance,
Chomerics recommends interface
flatness of 0.001 in/in (0.025 mm/
mm) to 0.002 in/in (0.050 mm/mm)
maximum.
Step 1: Ensure that bonding
surfaces are free from oil, dust, or
any contamination that may affect
bonding. Using rubber gloves, wipe
surfaces with a cloth dampened
with industrial solvents such as
MEK, toluene, acetone or isopropyl
alcohol.
Minimum: 10 psi at room
temperature for 15 seconds
Preferred: 30 psi at room
temperature for 5 seconds
Step 2: Cut tape to size* and
remove a liner or remove pre-cut
tape from roll.
More pressure equals better wetting
out of the adhesive to the contact
surfaces. A twisting motion during
assembly of the substrates will
typically improve wetting.
*Note: Due to variations in heat
sink surfaces, Chomerics’ data
indicates that it sometimes
is beneficial to be cut slightly
smaller than the area of the heat
sink. See illustration.
Note that typically 70% of the
ultimate adhesive bond strength
is achieved with initial application,
and 80-90% is reached within 15
minutes. Ultimate adhesive strength
is achieved within 36 hours;
however the next manufacturing
step can typically occur immediately
following the initial application.
Step 3: Apply to center of heat sink
bonding area and smooth over
entire surface using moderate hand
pressure / rubbing motion. A roller
may be useful to help smooth the
part to the surface by rolling from
the center out to beyond the edges
of the part. This ensures optimal
contact between tape and heat sink.
REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS
Materials needed: Single-edged
razor blade or a small, thin-bladed
pocketknife; soft, thin metal
spatula. Use safety precautions
when handling sharp instruments
and organic solvents.
Step 4: Center heat sink onto
component and apply using any one
of the recommended temperature/
pressure options:
Relative Thermal Performance
Step 1: Carefully insert the blade
edge into the bond line at a corner
between the heat sink and the
component. The penetration need
not be very deep.
Step 2: Remove the blade and insert
the spatula into the wedge. Slowly
twist the spatula blade so that it
exerts a slight upward pressure.
Step 3: As the two surfaces start
to separate, move the spatula
blade deeper into the bond line and
continue the twisting motion and
upward force.
Step 4: After the two components
are separated, the tape can be
removed and discarded. If adhesive
remains on the component surfaces,
it must be removed. Adhesive is
best removed by wiping with a
clean rag (lint-free) dabbed with
isopropyl alcohol, MEK or toluene.
Use sufficient solvent to remove all
adhesive.
Step 5: Solvent cleaned components
must be verified 100% free of
cleaning solvent and prior to
reattachment of adhesive.
Thermally Conductive Attachment Tapes
Performance*
Typical Properties
T418
Ceramic Attachment
T412
5
Metal Attachment
5
Plastic Attachment
N/R
3
2
T405 / T405-R
4
3
4
N/R
Dielectric Performance
Thermal Performance
T404 / T414
3
N/R
4
4
4
N/R
N/R
5
5
T411
4
3
T413
4
4
5
N/R
N/R
4
N/R
3
2
3
* Performance rated on a scale of 1-5, 5 being the best. N/R = Not Recommended.
Chomerics
26
THERM-A-FORM™ 164x and T64x Series
Cure-in-Place Potting and Underfill Materials
DESCRIPTION
THERM-A-FORM™ thermally
conductive silicone elastomer
products are dispensable formin-place compounds designed for
heat transfer without excessive
compressive force in electronics
cooling applications. These versatile
liquid reactive materials can be
dispensed and cured into complex
geometries for cooling of multiheight components on a PCB
without the expense of a molded
sheet. Each compound is available
in ready-to-use cartridge systems,
eliminating weighing, mixing, and
degassing procedures.
THERM-A-FORM™ Cure-in-Place Potting and Underfill Materials
Typical Properties
Color
Filler
Physical
Number of Components
Thermal
Electrical
T644
T642
1642
1641
Test Method
Yellow
Pink
Blue
Purple
White
Visual
Silicone
Silicone
Silicone
Silicone
Silicone
Silicone
--
Aluminum
Oxide
Aluminum
Oxide
Boron
Nitride
Boron
Nitride
Aluminum
Oxide
Aluminum
Oxide
--
2-part
2-part
2-part
2-part
2-part
1-part
--
Mix Ratio
1:1
1:1
1:1
10 : 1
100 : 3
N/A
--
Specific Gravity
2.80
2.45
1.45
1.50
2.30
2.10
ASTM D792
Hardness, Shore A
25
50
15
70
85
78
ASTM D2240
> 5000
> 5000
3000
2500
2500
3000
ASTM D2196
300
300
360
60
60
30
Time to 2X Starting
Viscosity at 23 ºC
Cure Cycles
3 min.
@ 150 ºC
60 min.
@ 60 ºC
48 hrs.
@ 23 ºC
3 min.
@ 150 ºC
60 min.
@ 60 ºC
48 hrs.
@ 23 ºC
3 min.
@ 150 ºC
60 min.
@ 60 ºC
48 hrs.
@ 23 ºC
3 min.
@ 150 ºC
30 min.
@ 70 ºC
48 hrs.
@ 23 ºC
60 min.
@ 100 ºC
4 hrs.
@ 65 ºC
1 week
@ 23 ºC
48 hrs. @
23 ºC
@ 50% RH
Chomerics
Brittle Point, ºC (ºF)
-55 (-67)
-55 (-67)
-55 (-67)
-55 (-67)
-75 (-103)
-75 (-103)
ASTM D2137
Viscosity, poise
Pot Life, minutes
Extractable Silicone, %
4
8.5
15
1-2
Not Tested
Not Tested
Chomerics
Apparent Thermal
Conductivity, W/m-K
3.00
0.90
1.20
1.20
0.95
0.90
ASTM D5470
Heat Capacity, J/g-K
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ASTM E1269
Coefficient of Thermal
Expansion, ppm/K
150
250
300
300
200
150
ASTM E831
Operating Temperature
Range, °C (°F)
-50 to 150
(-58 to 302)
-50 to 150
(-58 to 302)
-50 to 150
(-58 to 302)
-50 to 150
(-58 to 302)
-70 to 200
(-94 to 392)
-70 to 200
(-94 to 392)
--
Dielectric Strength,
KVac/mm (Vac / mil)
10 (250)
10 (250)
20 (500)
20 (500)
20 (500)
20 (500)
ASTM D149
Volume Resistivity,
ohm-cm
1.0 x 1014
1.0 x 1014
1.0 x 1013
1.0 x 1013
1.0 x 1013
1.0 x 1013
ASTM D257
Dielectric Constant
@1,000 kHz
8
6.5
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor
@ 1,000 kHz
0.010
0.013
0.001
0.001
0.010
0.010
Chomerics
Not Tested
HB
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
UL 94
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
Not Tested
0.17 (0.10)
0.39 (0.29)
0.32 (0.21)
0.40 (0.18)
Not Tested
ASTM E595
3
3
3
3
12
6
Chomerics
Flammability Rating
(See UL File E140244)
Regulatory
T646
Gray
RoHS Compliant
Outgassing, % TML
(%CVCM)
Shelf Life, months from
date of manufacture
Chomerics
27
Potting/Underfill
Binder
T647
THERM-A-FORMTM 1641, 1642, T642, T644, T646, T647
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Dispensable form-in-place gap
filling, potting, sealing, and encapsulating
• Excellent blend of high thermal
conductivity, flexibility, and ease
of use
• Conformable to irregular shapes
without excessive force on components
• Ready-to-use cartridge system
eliminates weighing, mixing, and
de-gassing steps
• Variety of kit sizes and configurations available to suit any application (handheld
twin-barrel cartridges, Semco®
tubes, and pneumatic applicators)
• Vibration dampening
1642
• General duty, economical
thermal solution
• Two-component thermally
conductive encapsulant/sealant/
caulk/potting compound
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
T647
• Superior thermal performance
while maintaining low modulus
1641
• One-component moisture-cure
RTV
• Non-acetic acid generating
T642
• High thermal performance with
flexibility
• Ideal for underfilling
• Low outgassing
T644
• Very low modulus material for
transferring heat from fragile
electronic components
T646
• Provides combination of high
thermal performance and low
cost
•
APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS
35cc and 45cc Kits (See Figure
1) Push safety latch (A) upward.
Insert the pushrod (B) into the
applicator with the pushrod gear
teeth facing downward. Insert the
cartridge (C) into the slots on top
of the applicator. Push the retainer
clamp (D) down firmly to lock the
cartridge in place. Remove the
cartridge cap (E) with a 1/4 turn
counter-clockwise. Attach the static
mixer (F) to the cartridge. (For the
10:1 cartridge, make certain that
the small notch on the mixer tube
face is toward the large barrel
containing Part A.) Turn the mixer
tube 1/4 turn clockwise to lock it
in place. Cut the tip of the mixing
nozzle to obtain the desired bead
size, or attach a needle with the
Luer adapter. After use, discard the
static mixer and replace the cap on
any remaining material.
Flows into complex geometries
to maintain intimate contact
with components
Ordering Information
Product
Part Number
2.5 fuid
ounces
(70 grams)
1-Component squeeze tube
65-01-1641-0000
12 fluid
ounces
(340 grams)
1-Component
SEMCO® cartridge
65-00-1642-0000
277 grams
(approx 120
cc)
1-Pint Plastic jar A / vial of B
65-00-T642-0035
35 cc
(53 grams)
65-00-T642-0250
250 cc
(372 grams)
65-00-T644-0045
45 cc
(68 grams)
65-00-T644-0200
200 cc
(300 grams)
65-00-T646-0045
45 cc
(115 grams)
65-00-T646-0200
200 cc
(507 grams)
65-00-T647-0045
45 cc
(125 grams)
65-00-T647-0200
200 cc
(560 grams)
T642
Figure 1: Typical Applicator
Mixpac Dispensing Systems are available from
multiple sources. When contacting Mixpac®
equipment suppliers, reference cartridge volume
(cc) and dual element cartridge A:B mix ratio.
Refer to table for volume and mix ratio
information.
®
MIXPAC is a trademark of ConProTec, Inc.
SEMCO is a trademark of Semco, Inc.
Chomerics
Description
65-00-1641-0000
1641
1642
Volume
(mass)
T644
T646
T647
10:1 Dual element Cartridge
1:1 Dual element Cartridge
28
THERMAL GREASES
High-Performance and General Duty Thermal Greases
typical assembly pressures. The
excellent surface wetting results in
low interfacial resistance.
DESCRIPTION
Chomerics thermal greases offer a
range of performance covering the
simplest to the most demanding
thermal requirements. These
materials are screened, stenciled or
dispensed and require virtually no
compressive force to conform under
• T670 is offered with a very high
bulk thermal conductivity of
3 W/m-K. Product offers low
impedance as it will achieve a
thin bondline of about 0.001 in.
• T660 contains solder fillers
for extremely low thermal
impedance at thinner bondline
thicknesses (down to about
0.001in.).
• T650 is a general duty grease for
typical applications.
FEATURES/BENEFITS
• Silicone based materials conduct
heat between a hot component
and a heat sink or enclosure
• Fills interface variable
tolerances in electronics
assemblies and heat sink
applications
• Dispensable, highly conformable
materials require no cure cycle,
mixing or refrigeration
• Thermally stable and require
virtually no compressive force to
deform under typical assembly
pressures
• Supports high power
applications requiring material
with minimum bond line
thickness and high conductivity
• Ideal for rework and field repair
situations
Thermal Greases
Typical Properties
Physical
Specific Gravity
Viscosity, cps
Operating Temperature Range, ºC (ºF)
Melting Point, °C (°F)
Weight Loss % @150°C, 48 Hours
Electrical
Thermal
Thermal Impedance,°C-cm2/W (°C-in2/W) @ 100 psi
Apparent Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
Heat Capacity, J/g-K
T670
Test Method
Blue
Light Gray
White
Visual
2.3
2.4
2.6
ASTM D792
190,000
170,000
350,000
NA
-50 to +200
(-58 to 392F)
-50 to +200
(-58 to 392F)
-50 to +200
(-58 to 392F)
NA
N/A
62 (144)
N/A
ASTM D3418
0.21
0.17
< 0.2
TGA
0.13 (0.02) @ 50°C
0.13 (0.02) @ 65°C
0.13 (0.02) @ 50°C
0.06 (0.009) @ 65°C
0.07 (0.01) @ 50°C
0.07 (0.01) @ 65°C
ASTM D5470
0.8
0.9
3.0
ASTM D5470
1
1
1
ASTM E1269
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, ppm/K
300
300
150
ASTM E831
Volume Resistivity, ohm-cm
10
N/A
10
ASTM D257
Voltage Breakdown Vac/mil
150*
N/A*
150*
ASTM D149
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
UL 94
Flammability Rating
Regulatory
T660
14
14
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
Outgassing, % TML
0.21
0.17
<0.2
E595
24
24
24
Chomerics
Shelf Life, months from date of manufacture
Thermal Greases
Color
T650
*Not recommended for dielectric applications.
Chomerics
29
Thermal Greases
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Mobile, desktop, server CPUs
• Engine and transmission control
modules
• Memory modules
• Power conversion equipment
• Power supplies and UPS
• Power semiconductors
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
T670 Highest Thermal
Performance
• High bulk thermal conductivity
• Extremely low thermal
impedance at thin and thick
bondline thicknesses
• Stencil screen printed part
application
T660 High Performance
• Dispersed solder spheres
for high performance
applications above 62°C
• Excellent thin bondline
performance (less than
0.02 - 0.03 in)
MATERIAL APPLICATION
T650:
Material is supplied in 3, 15 or 30cc
syringes for easy dispensing onto
components or heat sinks. Bulk
packaging is also available. Excess
material can be wiped with a clean
cloth and suitable solvent.
T660:
Packaging the same as T650.
For optimum performance, the
processor should be allowed to
reach temperatures greater than
65ºC (149°F). This causes the
solder fillers to melt and conform
to the mating surfaces, obtaining a
minimum bondline thickness at the
interface. This process only needs to
occur one time to achieve optimum
thermal performance of the grease.
T670:
T670 high performance thermal
grease is supplied in easy access
metal cans or pails. Mix with a
spatula and remove the desired
amount onto the component or
stencil screen. Stencil desired
pad part size onto heat sink for
immediate assembly or shipping.
T650 General Duty
• Used on general purpose
applications
Ordering Information
Part Number Examples
65-00-T650-0003 = T650 Material in a 3 CC Syringe
65-00-T670-3790 = T670 Material in a 3790 CC (Gallon Pail)
Part Number:
65
00
YYYY
YYYY = Material
(T670, T660 , or T650)
Chomerics
ZZZZ
ZZZZ = Volume in CC
0003 = 3 cc syringe
0015 = 15 cc syringe
0030 = 30 cc syringe
0300 = 300 cc cartridge
3790 = 1 gallon pail
30
CHO-THERM®
Commercial Grade Thermally Conductive Electrical Insulator Pads
DESCRIPTION
CHO-THERM® Commercial
Grade Thermal Insulator Pads
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Good thermal properties
• Good to excellent dielectric
strength
• Excellent mechanical strength
and puncture resistance
• Available with and without
acrylic PSA
• UL recognized V-0 flammability
rating
• Meet RoHS specifications
• Available on continuous rolls for
easy peel and stick application
CHO-THERM® Commercial Grade Thermal Insulator Pads
Regulatory
Mechanical
Electrical
Thermal
Physical
Properties
T609
T444
1674
T441
Method
Color
Lt. Green
Beige
Blue
Pink
Visual
Reinforcement Carrier
Fiberglass
Kapton® MT
Fiberglass
Fiberglass
Visual
Thickness, mm (inch)
0.25 (0.010)
0.08 (0.003)
0.25 (0.010)
0.20 (0.008)
0.33 (0.013)
0.46 (0.018)
ASTM D374
Thickness Tolerance,
mm (inch)
± 0.025
(0.001)
± 0.013
(0.0005)
± 0.025
(0.001)
± 0.025
(0.001)
± 0.025
(0.001)
± 0.025
(0.001)
--
Operating Temperature
Range, ºC (ºF)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
--
Thermal Impedance,
°C-cm2/W (°C-in2 / W)
2.1 (0.33)
2.4 (0.37)
2.6 (0.41)
2.6 (0.41)
3.6 (0.56)
4.1 (0.64)
ASTM D5470
Apparent Thermal
Conductivity, W/m-K
1.5
0.4
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
ASTM D5470
Heat Capacity, J/g-°C
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
ASTM E1296
Coefficient of Thermal
Expansion, ppm/°C
150
400
300
300
300
300
ASTM E831
Voltage Breakdown Dry, Vac
4,000
5,000
2,500
8,700
11,400
13,800
ASTM D149
Voltage Breakdown Wet, Vac
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
8,100
10,500
12,900
ASTM D149
Volume Resistivity Dry,
ohm-cm
1014
1014
1014
1014
1014
1014
ASTM D257
Volume Resistivity Wet,
ohm-cm
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
1014
1014
1014
ASTM D257
Tensile Strength, Mpa (psi)
26.9 (3,900)
20.7 (3,000)
10.3 (1,500)
19.3 (2,800)
17.3 (2,500)
13.8 (2,000)
ASTM D412
Tear Strength, kN/m (lb/in)
52.5 (300)
26.3 (150)
17.5 (100)
23.6 (135)
19.3 (110)
12.25 (70)
ASTM D642
30
NA
2
40
40
40
ASTM D412
Elongation, %
70
90
85
80
80
80
ASTM D2240
Specific Gravity
Hardness, Shore A
2.10
1.70
2.45
2.45
2.45
2.45
ASTM D792
Flammability Rating
(See UL File E140244)
V-0
V-0
V-0
V-0
V-0
V-0
UL94
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
Not Tested
Not Tested
0.45 (0.20)
Not Tested
Not Tested
Not Tested
E595
24 (6)
12 (12)
24 (12)
24 (12)
24 (12)
24 (12)
Chomerics
Outgassing, % TML (%CVCM)
Shelf-Life,
months from shipment,
Dry Pad (with PSA)
KAPTON is a trademark of E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Company.
Chomerics
31
Insulators
are designed for use where solid
thermal and electrical properties
are required at an economical
price. These products are offered
as dry pads, or with an optional
adhesive (PSA) layer for attachment.
Materials with PSA are available
die-cut on continuous rolls. Versions
are offered with either polyimide or
fiberglass reinforcement to protect
pads against tear, cut-through and
punctures.
CHO-THERM® Commercial Grade Thermal Insulator Pads
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Power conversion equipment
• Power supplies and UPS
• Power semiconductors
• Automotive electronics
• Motor and engine controllers
• Televisions and consumer
electronics
1674
• Original commercial grade pad
with good thermal and electrical
performance
• Available in economical kiss-cut
format on continuous rolls (with
and without PSA)
• Passes NASA outgassing
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
T444
• Non-silicone with excellent dielectric and mechanical strength
(polyimide interlayer)
• Strong acrylic adhesive
(one side)
• Available in economical kiss-cut
format on continuous rolls
T609
• Good thermal and dielectric
properties
• Economically priced
• Best value for moderate to high
performance pad
• PSA version available in
economical kiss-cut format on
continuous rolls
T441
• Superior dielectric strength
(wet and dry)
• Economically priced
• Excellent for outdoor,
high-humidity power supplies
• PSA version available in
economical kiss-cut format
on continuous rolls
HANDLING INFORMATION
These products are defined by
Chomerics as “articles” according to
the following generally recognized
regulatory definition for articles:
An article is a manufactured item
“formed to a specific shape or
design during manufacturing,”
which has “end use functions”
dependent upon its size and shape
during end use and which has
generally “no change of chemical
composition during its end use.”
In addition:
•
There is no known or
anticipated exposure to
hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface,
and design is more relevant
than its chemical composition.
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For
further questions, please contact
Chomerics at 781-935-4850.
Ordering Information
Thermal insulator pads are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
Die-cut parts on continuous rolls
Slit rolls from ½” wide to 24” wide
Custom die-cut parts on sheets, or as individual parts
Part Number:
6
6W
0 = Standard die-cut
Part
XX
11 = without PSA
12 = with PSA one side
YYYY
0075=
0100=
0150=
0200=
4 = Roll Stock
6 = Roll Stock with PSA
10= 100 ft Roll Stock
40 = 400 ft Roll Stock
9 = Custom die-cut part
11 = without PSA
12 = with PSA one side
Chomerics
ZZZZ
YYYY = Custom 4-digit part number.
Contact Chomerics.
0.75 in
1.00 in
1.50 in
2.00 in
1150 = 11.5 in.
2400 = 24 in.
0800 = 8 in.
1600 = 16 in.
1100 = 11 in.
2200 = 22 in.
ZZZZ = Material class
(1674, T441, T444, T609)
YYYYY = Custom Part Number.
Contact Chomerics
32
CHO-THERM®
High Power Thermally Conductive Electrical Insulator Pads
Fiberglass cloth reinforcement
strengthens CHO-THERM® pads
against tear, cut-through and
punctures.
DESCRIPTION
CHO-THERM® HIGH-POWER
THERMAL INSULATOR PADS are
thermally conductive materials
These materials are available
in sheet form and die-cut
configurations. An optional adhesive
layer (with PSA) is available on one
or two sides. With a proven track
record spanning several decades
in multiple applications, these
products are the first choice for
high-end power supplies, industrial,
aerospace, and military/avionics
applications.
Available in several different forms
to suit various applications.
FEATURES / BENEFITS
• Excellent thermal properties
• High dielectric strength
• Excellent mechanical strength
and puncture resistance
CHO-THERM® High Power Insulator Pads
Typical Properties
Physical
Color
Thermal
Electrical
1671
Method
Pink
White
Visual
Fiberglass
Fiberglass
Fiberglass
--
Thickness, mm (inch)
0.25 (0.010)
0.25 (0.010)
0.38 (0.015)*
ASTM D374
0.050
(± 0.002)
0.050
(± 0.002)
0.050
(± 0.002)
--
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
-40 to +200
(-40 to +392)
--
1.2 (0.19)
1.26 (0.20)
1.48 (0.23)
ASTM D5470
Thickness Tolerance mm (inch)
Thermal Impedance, °C-cm2/W (°C-in2 / W)
Mechanical
1678
Reinforcement Carrier
Operating Temperature Range,
ºC (ºF)
Regulatory
T500
Green
Apparent Thermal Conductivity, W/m-K
2.1
2.0
2.6
ASTM D5470
Heat Capacity (J/g-°C)
1.0
1.0
1.0
ASTM E1269
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (ppm/K)
250
250
250
ASTM E831
4,000
2,500
4,000
ASTM D149
1016
1016
1016
ASTM D149
Voltage Breakdown Dry, (Vac)
Volume Resistivity Dry, (ohm-cm)
Dielectric Constant at 1,000 kHz
3.5
3.6
3.6
ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor at 1,000 kHz
0.003
0.007
0.007
Chomerics Test
Tensile Strength, Mpa (psi)
20.7
(3,000)
20.7
(3,000)
20.7
(3,000)
Chomerics
Tear Strength, kN/m (lb/in)
70 (400)
35 (200)
70 (400)
Chomerics
20
20
15
Chomerics
Elongation, %
80
80
80
ASTM D2240
Specific Gravity
Hardness, Shore A
1.60
1.55
1.55
ASTM D792
Flammability Rating
(See UL File E140244)
V-0
V-0
HB
UL 94
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
0.40 (0.10)
0.55 (0.12)
0.76 (0.07)
ASTM E595
24 (18)
24 (18)
24 (18)
Chomerics
Outgassing, % TML (%CVCM)
Shelf-Life,
months from shipment, Dry Pad (with PSA)
* 1671 material is available in custom thicknesses.
Chomerics
33
Insulators
designed for use where the
highest possible thermal, dielectric,
and mechanical properties are
required.
CHO-THERM® High Power Thermal Insulator Pads
Features/Benefits...cont.
• 100% inspected for dielectric
properties on every sheet
• PSA attachment option available
• UL recognized flammability
ratings
• Meets RoHS specifications
• Extremely low NASA outgassing
• Proven through decades of use
in demanding military and
aerospace applications
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Power conversion equipment
• Power supplies and UPS
• Power semiconductors
• Automotive electronics
• Motor and engine controllers
• Televisions and consumer
electronics
HANDLING INFORMATION
These products are defined by
Chomerics as “articles” according
to the following generally
recognized regulatory definition for
articles:
PRODUCT ATTRIBUTES
T500
• Best thermal performance
• Excellent dielectric properties
1671
• Highest reliability in rigorous
applications
• Proven in aerospace/defense
applications
An article is a manufactured item
“formed to a specific shape or
design during manufacturing,”
which has “end use functions”
dependent upon its size and shape
during end use and which has
generally “no change of chemical
composition during its end use.”
In addition:
1678
• Economically-priced
• Low thermal impedance
•
There is no known or
anticipated exposure to
hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface,
and design is more relevant
than its chemical composition.
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For
further questions, please contact
Chomerics at 781-935-4850..
Ordering Information
Thermal insulator pads are available in the following formats.
Contact Chomerics for custom widths, part sizes, etc.
Sheets 8” X 10” or 17” X 21”
Custom die-cut parts on sheets, or as individual parts
Part Number:
6
W
0 = Standard
die-cut part
1 = Sheet Stock
2 = Sheet stock
with PSA 1 Side
3 = PSA 2 Sides
9 = Custom
die-cut part
XX
YYYY
11 = without PSA
12 = with PSA one side
13 = PSA 2 Sides
YYYY = Custom 4- part alpha/numeric
part number. Contact Chomerics.
XX = material thickness in
mils (1671 material available
up to 60 mils)
YYYY = 0808 8” X 8” Sheet
0810 = 8” X 10” Sheet
11 = without PSA
12 = with PSA one side
Chomerics
ZZZZ
ZZZZ = Material class
(T500, 1671, or 1678)
YYYYY = Custom Part Number.
Contact Chomerics
34
How to Order Die-Cut CHO-THERM® Insulators
Standard die-cut parts are ordered using the following part number system. For custom parts, contact Chomerics.
Part Number:
60
60 = standard die cut part
Configuration
YYYY
11 = No PSA
12 = PSA one side
ZZZZ
Standard Configuration
Drawing Number
CHO-THERM® Material
Example: 1671, T500, etc.
Dimensions (inches)
B
C
D
#4-40 5 in-lb
#6-32 6 in-lb
1.563
1.563
1.593
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.650
1.700
1.730
1.780
1.780
1.780
2.07
1.050
1.050
1.100
1.065
1.140
1.140
1.140
1.140
1.140
1.187
1.250
1.250
1.250
1.250
1.56
0.140
0.140
0.156
0.140
0.122
0.140
0.165
0.140
0.165
0.156
0.156
0.140
0.165
0.140
0.122
0.080
0.140
0.070
0.046
0.062
0.093
0.062
0.046
0.062
0.062
0.093
0.094
0.046
0.062
#4-40 5 in-lb
#6-32 6 in-lb
1.65
1.140
0.140
0.093
1.187
#4-40 5 in-lb
#6-32 6 in-lb
1.560
1.563
1.050
1.050
0.158
0.156
0.080
0.063
1.170
1.187
#4-40 5 in-lb
#6-32 6 in-lb
1.650
1.187
0.156
0.60
WW-XX-D382-ZZZZ
#4-40 5 in-lb
#6-32 6 in-lb
1.650
1.140
0.165
0.040
WW-XX-D383-ZZZZ
Chomerics
E
F
G
Ordering Number
A
WW-XX-D065-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4305-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4511-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D370-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D371-ZZZZ
WW-XX-6875-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D372-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D373-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D374-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4996-ZZZZ
WW-XX-5442-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D375-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D376-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D377-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D378-ZZZZ
0.430
WW-XX-D379-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D380-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D381-ZZZZ
35
Insulators
Recommended
Screw Torque
XX
Recommended
Screw Torque
Configuration
Dimensions (inches)
B
C
D
#4-40 3 in-lb
#6-32 4 in-lb
1.250
1.312
1.375
1.440
0.700
0.762
0.825
1.000
0.140
0.140
0.140
0.140
0.062
0.062
0.062
0.075
#4-40 3 in-lb
#6-32 4 in-lb
1.275
0.750
0.156
0.100
0.960
#4-40 3 in-lb
#6-32 4 in-lb
1.312
0.762
0.140
0.062
0.960
0.200
0.100
WW-XX-D386-ZZZZ
#4-40 3 in-lb
#6-32 4 in-lb
1.440
1.000
0.140
0.055
0.960
0.480
0.325
WW-XX-D387-ZZZZ
#4-40 3 in-lb
#6-32 4 in-lb
1.35
0.800
0.140
0.400
WW-XX-D388-ZZZZ
#4-40 2 in-lb
0.437
0.437
0.500
0.610
0.687
0.710
0.750
0.750
0.750
0.750
0.750
0.750
0.855
0.855
0.860
1.125
1.410
0.312
0.312
0.385
0.560
0.562
0.500
0.410
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.600
0.600
0.562
0.630
0.740
0.625
0.810
0.140
0.140
0.170
0.245
0.218
0.160
0.225
--0.187
0.187
0.240
0.240
0.218
0.230
0.200
0.200
0.355
0.093
0.122
0.120
0.125
0.125
0.141
0.156
--0.147
0.125
0.150
0.115
0.125
0.093
0.160
0.145
0.147
WW-XX-D389-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D390-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D391-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D392-ZZZZ
WW-XX-5791-ZZZZ
WW-XX-8302-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D393-ZZZZ
WW-XX-8531-ZZZZ
WW-XX-6956-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D394-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D395-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D396-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D397-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D398-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D399-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D400-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D401-ZZZZ
#4-40 2 in-lb
0.910
0.983
0.500
0.750
0.200
0.432
0.125
0.156
Chomerics
E
Ordering Number
A
F
G
WW-XX-4353-ZZZZ
WW-XX-5527-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4997-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D384-ZZZZ
0.580
0.665
WW-XX-D385-ZZZZ
0.046
0.101
0.265
0.217
WW-XX-402-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D403-ZZZZ
36
Recommended
Screw Torque
Configuration
Ordering Number
B
C
D
E
1.00
0.500
0.200
0.141
0.626
0.360
0.510
0.510
0.512
0.625
0.260
0.140
0.200
0.161
0.195
WW-XX-D404-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D405-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D406-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D407-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4659-ZZZZ
0.750
0.800
0.800
0.812
0.812
0.875
1.000
1.000
1.180
1.250
1.500
1.500
0.125
0.190
0.260
0.115
0.145
0.313
0.140
0.255
0.515
0.380
0.200
0.500
WW-XX-D408-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D409-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D410-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D411-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D412-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D413-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D414-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4661-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D415-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D416-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D417-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D418-ZZZZ
TO-36
1.063
0.690
0.200
WW-XX-4306-ZZZZ
TO-5 and TO-18
3 holes
0.250
0360
0.390
0.100
0.200
0.200
0.036
0.040
0.040
WW-XX-D419-ZZZZ
WW-XX-4374-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D420-ZZZZ
0.250
0.360
0.390
0.100
0.200
0.200
0.036
0.040
0.040
WW-XX-D421-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D422-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D423-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D424-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D425-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D426-ZZZZ
#4-40 2 in-lb
#10-32 2 in-lb
#25-28 7 in-lb
Dimensions (inches)
A
DIODE WASHERS
DO-4
DO-5
4 holes
#4-40 2 in-lb
RECTIFIER
0.100
1.125
1.250
0.100
1.125
1.250
0.187
0.140
0.200
#4-40 2 in-lb
TIP
PACKAGE
0.865
0.865
0.984
0.984
1.260
0.650
0.650
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.650
0.650
--0.780
0.984
0.140
0.140
--0.142
0.142
F
G
WW-XX-4969-ZZZZ
WW-XX-5792-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D427-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D428-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D429-ZZZZ
WW-XX-D430-ZZZZ
(1 in-lb = 1.152 kg-cm)
Chomerics
37
T-WING and C-WING Heat Spreaders
®
TM
Thin Heat Spreaders
to the component. The compliant
nature of these “thermal wing” heat
spreaders permits nearly 100%
adhesive contact with non-flat
package surfaces, optimizing
thermal and mechanical
performance.
DESCRIPTION
Chomerics’ family of thin heat
spreaders provides a low-cost,
effective means of cooling IC
devices in restricted spaces
where conventional heat sinks are
inappropriate.
T-Wing spreaders consist of 5oz.
(0.007inch/0.18mm thick) flexible
copper foil between electrically
insulating films. High strength
silicone PSA (pressure-sensitive
adhesive) provides a strong bond
C-Wing spreaders are a ceramic
version available for EMI-sensitive
applications. They consist of
aluminum oxide substrates with the
same silicone PSA used on T-Wing
heat spreaders.
FEATURES/BENEFITS
• Component junction
temperature reduction of
10-20°C is common
• Easily added to existing
designs to lower component
temperatures and improve
reliability
• Custom shapes available for
complex designs
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS
• Microprocessors
• Memory modules
• Laptop PCs and other high
density, handheld portable
electronics
• High speed disk drives
C-Wing
• Used where localized sensitivity
to EMI (electromagnetic
interference) exists
• Low profile
• Peel and stick application
T- Wings
• Low profile (0.33mm/0.013in)
allows use in limited space
environments
• Easy peel and stick adhesion to
all surfaces, including packages
with residual silicone mold
release
• Offers low cost cooling for many
package types
T-WING® and C-WING™ Heat Spreaders
Typical Properties
Color
Total Thicknesses, mm (inches)
Physical
PSA Type
PSA thickness, mm (inches)
Insulator Type
Insulator Layer Thickness, mm (inches)
Weight, oz/inch
2
Themal Conductor
Regulatory
Electrical
Thermal Conductor Thickness, mm (inches)
Dielectric Strength,
KVac/mm (Vac / mil)
T-Wings
C-Wings
Test Method
Black
Tan
Visual
0.33 (0.013 )
1.53 (0.060)
ASTM D374
Silicone based
Silicone based
--
0.05 (0.002)
0.076 (0.003)
Visual
Black polyester
N/A
--
0.025 (0.001)
N/A
--
0.039
0.076
--
Copper
Aluminum Oxide
--
0.178 (0.007)
1.6 (0.063)
--
12 (300)
ASTM D149
>1014
ASTM D149
200 (5,000)
(for each dielectric layer)
Volume Resistivity, (ohm-cm)
N/A
Dielectric Constant @1,000 MHz
N/A
9.1
ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor @ 1,000 kHz
N/A
0.001
Chomerics Test
Flammability Rating (See UL File E140244)
V-0
Not Tested
UL 94
RoHS Compliant
Yes
Yes
Chomerics
Certification
Shelf Life, months from date of manufacture
12
12
Chomerics
Chomerics
38
T-Wing® and C-WingTM Heat Spreaders
conformance to concave or
otherwise non-flat surfaces for
optimal thermal and mechanical
performance
• Light weight (0.039 oz/inch2)
• Standard parts are scored for
easy forming and alignment
• Easy removal for device
replacement
• Available die-cut on continuous
rolls
Ordering Information
Available in standard sizes 1,000 parts per plastic tray. Also available die-cut on continuous rolls.
Material
Size (inches/mm)
Part Numbers
T-Wing
C-Wing
Length mm(inches)
60-12-20264-TW10
12.7 (0.50)
50.8 (2.0)
60-12-20265-TW10
12.7 (0.50)
76.2 (3.0)
60-12-20266-TW10
19.1 (0.75)
76.2 (3.0)
60-12-20267-TW10
25.4 (1.00)
76.2 (3.0)
60-12-20268-TW10
25.4 (1.00)
101.6 (4.0)
60-12-20269-TW10
38.1 (1.50)
101.6 (4.0)
69-12-22745-CW10
20.0 (0.79)
14.0 (0.55)
69-12-23802-CW10
19.1 (0.75)
19.1 (0.75)
69-12-22849-CW10
31.8 (1.25)
31.8 (1.25)
HANDLING INFORMATION
These products are defined by Chomerics
as “articles” according to the following
generally recognized regulatory definition for
articles:
An article is a manufactured item “formed
to a specific shape or design during
manufacturing,” which has “end use
functions” dependent upon its size and shape
during end use and which has generally “no
change of chemical composition during its
end use.”
In addition:
•
There is no known or anticipated
exposure to hazardous materials/
substances during routine and
anticipated use of the product.
•
The product’s shape, surface, and
design is more relevant than its
chemical composition.
Typical Thermal Properties
Environment*
T-Wing
Restricted
Convection**
100 LFM***
Environment*
C-Wing
Restricted
Convection**
100 LFM
Width mm(inches)
These materials are not deemed by
Chomerics to require an MSDS. For further
questions, please contact Chomerics at
781-935-4850.
Standard Part Size inches(mm)
Sizes (inches)
Without
T-Wing
0.5x2
(12.7x50.8)
0.5x3
(12.7x76.2)
0.75x3
(19.1x76.2)
1x3
(25.4x76.2)
1x4
(25.4x101.6)
1.5x4
(38.1x101.6)
Thermal Resistance
Rj-a (°C/W)
26
25
23
23
22
20
19
Case
Temperature (°C)
92
82
78
76
72
70
68
Thermal Resistance
Rj-a (°C/W)
18
16
14
14
14
13
12
Case
Temperature (°C)
68
57
52
49
46
44
44
Sizes (inches)
Without
C-Wing
0.5x2
(12.7x50.8)
0.5x3
(12.7x76.2)
0.75x2
(19.1x76.2)
0.75x3
(19.1x76.2)
1.5x1.5
(38.1x38.1)
N/A
102
96
90
90
87
87
N/A
85
80
75
76
73
74
N/A
Case
Temperature (°C)
* Measured values do not account for heat losses through bottom of case and leads. Ambient temperature range from 21oC to 24oC Notes
Rj-a = thermal resistance from junction to ambient
** Restricted convection in a simulated notebook computer environment-a 1x5x6inch (2.54x12.7x15.2cm) plexiglass box
LFM = airflow rate (linear feet per minute)
*** T-Wing long axis perpendicular to air flow direction in wind tunnel
Chomerics
39
Thin Heat Spreaders
T-Wings Continued...
• Low application force
(<5psi/ 0.03MPa) minimizes risk
of damage to component
• Wide range of standard sizes
• Pliable nature allows
Thermal Management Glossary
Alumina (Al2O3): A relatively
inexpensive ceramic in powder or
sintered sheet form. Its thermal
conductivity of 30 W/m-K and
excellent dielectric properties make
it useful in low to moderate power
commercial applications.
Ambient Temperature: The
temperature of the air surrounding
a heat source.
Apparent Thermal Conductivity:
This value differs from thermal
conductivity as apparent thermal
conductivity also includes contact
resistance when measured, as
described in the Heat Transfer
Fundamentals section of this guide.
Also see Thermal Conductivity.
Arcing: An electrical discharge
between the edges of metal
semiconductor package and the
metal heat sink on which it is
mounted.
Binder: A polymer (i.e. silicone,
urethanes, acrylic, epoxy etc.) used
in thermal interface materials
to provide desired mechanical,
thermal and electrical properties
and hold in a stable form the fillers
whose primary purpose is the
transfer of heat. Binders are also
good electrical insulators.
Bondline Thickness: Average
thickness between heat spreading
device and components.
Boron Nitride (BN): A non-abrasive
ceramic material that has higher
thermal conductivity than alumina.
Because it is an expensive raw
material, it is usually used in high
performance interface materials.
Breakdown Voltage: The amount
of voltage required to cause a
dielectric failure through an
insulator when tested under a set of
specific conditions. This value does
not imply that the insulator can be
operated at those voltages.
Chomerics
Burr: A thin ragged fin left on
the edge of a piece of metal
(semiconductor package or heat
sink) by a cutting or punching tool.
compressive load. Because these
materials are incompressible,
deflection is accompanied by a
proportional increase in area.
Calorie: A unit of energy equal
to the quantity of heat required to
raise the temperature of 1 gram of
water by one degree celcius.
Degreaser or Degreasing Solvent:
The solvent used to clean flux
and other organic residues off
printed circuit boards after they are
manufactured. Interface materials
must be able to tolerate exposure
to degreasing solvents without
degrading performance.
Ceramic: A name given to oxides of
metals. Ceramics are usually hard,
heat and corrosion resistant and
high dielectric strength powders
that can be formed into shapes by
fusion or sintering.
Dielectric: A material that acts as
an insulator.
Chamfer: A bevel cut into the edge
of heat sink mounting holes.
Dielectric Constant: See
Permittivity.
Compression Set: The permanent
deformation of an elastomeric
material caused by a compressive
force.
Dielectric Strength: The voltage
gradient, expressed as kV/mm, that
will cause a dielectric failure in
an insulating material under very
specific test conditions. Dielectric
strength does not imply that the
insulator can withstand those
potential gradients for an extended
period of time.
Conduction: The transfer of heat
energy through matter.
Convection: The transfer of heat
that results from motion of a fluid
(gas or liquid).
Corona: An electrical discharge
within or on an insulator
accompanied by ionization of the
air within or contacting the surface
of the insulator. Also called partial
discharge. It is the main mode of
insulation failure exposed to long
term AC voltages.
Creep Distance: The distance that
an insulator has to extend beyond
the edge of a semiconductor
package to prevent arcing.
Cut-Through: A phenomenon
that occurs when sharp edges or
burrs on the metal semiconductor
package or heat sink cut through
the thermal pads and reduce or
eliminate their insulating strength.
Deflection: The change in
thickness of an elastomeric
interface material in response to a
Durometer: An instrument for
measuring the hardness of rubber.
Measures the resistance to the
penetration of an indentor point into
the surface of the rubber.
Electrical Insulator: A material
having high electrical resistivity
and high dielectric strength and
therefore suitable for separating
components at different potentials
to prevent electrical contact
between them.
Filler: A fine, dispersible
ceramic or metallic powder (i.e.
boron nitride, alumina, graphite,
silver flake, etc.) whose thermal
conductivity is at least twenty times
greater than that of the binder.
Flow Rate: The volume, mass, or
weight of a fluid passing through
any conductor per unit of time,
expressed in gallons -or liters-perhour.
40
Flux: An organic compound used to
enhance the wetting and adhesion
of metal solder to the copper
surfaces on printed circuit boards.
Junction: The junction is the active
part of a semiconductor, usually
silicon, where the current flow
causes heat to be generated.
Radiation: A heat transfer process
whereby heat is given off through
electromagnetic radiation, usually
infrared rays.
Footprint: The area of the base of
an electronic device which comes
in contact with a thermal interface
material.
MBLT: Minimum bond line
thickness. When two opposing
substrates obtain closest possible
distance under pressure.
Reinforcement: A woven glass
mesh or polymer film that is used
as a support in thermal interface
materials.
Hard Tooling: A die cutting tool
manufactured from a machined
metal block. The cost is high,
therefore it is normally used when
long runs are anticipated.
Micro-inch: This unit of measure,
a millionth of an inch, is used to
describe the roughness of a surface
and is the average distance between
the peaks and valleys on the
surface.
Permanent Set: Permanent Set is
defined as the amount of residual
displacement in a rubber part
after the distorting load has been
removed.
Hardness Shore A (Shore D, Shore
00): An instrument reading on a
scale of 0 to 100 measuring the
hardness of a material. There are
three scales: Shore 00, A and D.
Shore 00 is used for soft rubbers
like gels, Shore A is used for hard
rubbers and Shore D for inelastic
plastics.
Mil: A unit of length equal to onethousandth of an inch.
PCM: Abreviation of phase change
material.
Permeability: A measure of
a material’s ability to align its
magnetic domains in response to an
applied magnetic field.
Permittivity: A measure of a
dielectric material’s ability to
polarize in response to an applied
electric field, and transmit the
electric field through the material.
Heat (Q): A form of energy
generated by the motion of atoms
or molecules. Heat energy is
expressed in units of joules.
Polyimide: An organic polymer with
exceptional electrical insulation and
high temperature capabilities. In
film form, it is used on everything
from printed circuit boards to space
suits.
Heat Flow: The rate at which heat
is flowing per unit time expressed
as Watts.
Power Supply: A self contained
unit which converts AC current to
DC for use in electronic devices.
Heat Flux (Q/A): The rate of
heat flow per unit surface area
expressed as Watts / cm2.
Pressure Sensitive Adhesive (PSA):
An adhesive that is tacky at normal
temperatures and requires only
slight pressure to form a permanent
bond. A PSA requires no further
cure to maintain the bond.
Heat Transfer: The movement
of heat from one body to another
(solid, liquid, gas, or a combination)
by means of conduction, convection,
or radiation.
Interface: A boundary that exists
between any two contacting
surfaces. There are five types of
interfaces that can exist between
the different forms of matter:
gas-liquid, liquid-liquid, gas-solid,
liquid-solid, and solid-solid.
Chomerics
PSH: Class of polymer solder
hybrid. A synergistic blend of
eutectic solder and specialty
polymers. They provide a highly
reliable thermal interface material
with a resin carrier and filler
content that both melt to obtain
minimum bond line thickness.
Relaxation: Stress Relaxation is
a gradual increase in deformation
of an elastomer under constant
load over time, accompanied by a
corresponding reduction in stress
level.
Rheology: The science of the
deformation and flow of materials.
Semiconductor: An electronic
material that can be an insulator
under one condition and switch
to a conductor under a different
condition
Silicon: A non-metallic element
occurring extensively in the earth’s
crust in silica and silicates. Silicon
is the basis for the junction found in
most semiconductor devices.
Solder: A mixture of metals that is
used to connect electronic devices
to the copper patterns on a printed
circuit board.
Solvent Resistance: The ability of
thermal management products to
resist swelling when exposed to
organic solvents such as degreasing
solvents, hydraulic fluids, coolants
and jet fuel.
Specific Gravity: The ratio of the
density of a substance to the density
of water. The specific gravity of
water is 1 at standard condition
temperature and pressure.
Steel Mill Die: A die cutting tool of
moderate cost, cast from steel. It is
used for high speed cutting.
41
Glossary
Hardness: A measure of the
ability of a material to withstand
penetration by a hard pointed
object. Regarding thermal interface
materials, this property is usually
inversely proportional to the ability
of a material to conform to uneven
surfaces.
Steel Rule Die: A low cost die
cutting tool manufactured by
shaping sharpened steel foil to
the desired shape and fixing in a
plywood and steel rule metal. It is
used for short runs.
Surface Finish: A measure of the
roughness of a surfaces, usually
expressed in units of micro-inches.
Swelling: A phenomenon that
results when an elastomer is
exposed to a degreasing solvent and
the elastomer absorbs the solvent.
The volume of the elastomer
increases and its physical strength
is greatly reduced. In this swollen
state, the elastomer can be easily
damaged and should not be
subjected to any mechanical stress
until the elastomer has been dried.
Tear Strength: A measure of the
ability of a material to withstand
tearing/ ripping stresses. It is
usually measured in pounds force
per inch of thickness.
usually measured in MPa or psi of
material cross section.
Thermal Conductivity (K): A
quantitative measure of the ability
of a material to conduct heat
expressed in units of W/m-K.
Thermal Contact Resistance (Ri):
The resistance to the flow of heat
caused by interstitial air trapped
in the irregularities of between
contacting solid surfaces. Units are
K-cm2/W.
Thermogravimetric Analysis:
Chemical analysis by the
measurement of weight changes of
a system or compound as a function
of increasing temperature.
Thermal Impedance (θ): Thermal
impedance is the sum of the
thermal resistance of an interface
material and the thermal
resistances at the interfaces in
contact with the material. K-in2 /
Watt.
Temperature: A measure of
the average kinetic energy of
a material. The standard unit
of temperature is a Kelvin, (K).
Temperature determines the
direction of heat flow between any
two systems in thermal contact.
Heat will always flow from the area
of higher temperature (T source) to
one of lower temperature (T sink).
TIM: Thermal interface material.
Temperature Gradient (∆T): The
difference in temperatures in the
direction of the heat flow between
two points in a system.
Thermal Resistivity: The
quantitative measure of a material’s
resistance to the conduction of
heat. (It is the inverse of thermal
conductivity.)
Tensile Strength: A measure of the
ability of a material to withstand a
tension (pulling apart) force. It is
Chomerics
Thermal Interface Materials
(TIMs): Materials that are inserted
between two contacting solid
surfaces and aid heat flow by
eliminating gaps between the
irregular surfaces. Interstitial
air is replaced by material that is
significantly more conductive than
air.
metallic wires fused into a
bead which generates a voltage
proportional to the temperature of
the bead.
Thixotropic: A characteristic of a
liquid whereby the application of
a shear causes a reduction in the
viscosity of that liquid. The liquid is
said to be shear thinning. Polymer
solutions filled with dispersed
particles exhibit thixotropic
behavior. Example: toothpaste is
thixotropic. It is solid when left
alone, but when squeezed (sideways
force) it flows much like a liquid.
Tolerance: The permissible
variations in the dimensions of
formed parts.
Torque: A turning or twisting that
is equal to the value of the force (f)
multiplied by the rotational distance
over which it is applied (usually
measured in ft-lbs.).
Viscoelastic material: A material
whose response to a deforming
load combines both viscous (does
not recover its original shape/ size
when load removed) and elastic
(will recover size/shape when load
removed) qualities. The common
name for such a material is
“plastic.”
Volume Resistivity: A measure
of a material’s inherent electrical
resistance expressed as ohm-cm.
Watt: An SI unit of power equal to
one joule per second.
Thermocouple: A thermoelectric
device consisting of two dissimilar
42
Parker Safety Guide
Parker Safety Guide for Selecting and Using Parker Seals, Isolation Devices, EMI Shielding Materials, Thermal Management
Materials and Related Accessories
!
WARNING – USER RESPONSIBILITY
Failure or improper selection or improper use of Parker seals, isolation devices, EMI shielding, thermal management materials, or related accessories can cause equipment failure or damage, personal injury or death.
Possible consequences of such failure, improper selection or improper use include, but are not limited to:
•
•
•
•
•
Contamination of systems and environments from leaking fluids or gases.
Ingress of dust, fluids or other substances.
High velocity fluid discharge.
Physical contact with released fluids or gases that may be hot, cold, toxic or otherwise injurious.
Contact with suddenly moving, falling or suddenly halted objects that are to be held in position
or moved in part or fully by the function of the product.
• Improper function or failure of host devices or equipment, or connected devices or equipment.
• Burn-inducing temperatures, smoke or flame from overheated devices or equipment.
• Injuries resulting from inhalation, ingestion or physical exposure to solvent-based systems.
Before selecting or using any Parker seals, isolation devices, EMI shielding, thermal management materials,
or related accessories, it is important that you read and follow the following instructions:
1.0 GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
This safety guide provides instructions for selecting and using (including designing, assembling, installing
and maintaining) seals (including all
elastomeric, polymeric, thermoplastic,
metallic and/or plastic products commonly called ‘seals’); isolation devices
(including elastomeric, polymeric,
thermoplastic and/or thermoplastic in
the form of boots, bearings, bellows,
bushings, grommets, and/or vibration
isolation mounts); EMI (electromagnetic interference) shielding (including all
conductive elastomers, metal-based
materials, conductive fabrics and conductive fabric-based materials, conductive paints, conductive adhesives
and caulks, metal/plastic laminates,
and/or conductively coated or plated
substrates commonly referred to as
‘EMI shielding ’); and thermal management materials (including thermally
conductive elastomer or acrylic-based
interface materials, thermally conductive adhesive tapes, metal or ceramicbased heat spreaders, thermally
conductive adhesives and caulks, and/
or solder/film-based thermally conductive assemblies) manufactured or
Chomerics
1.0.2 Fail-Safe
Products can and do fail without
warning for many reasons. Design all
systems and equipment in a fail-safe
mode, so that failure of the Products
will not endanger persons or property.
1.0.3 Distribution
Provide a copy of this safety guide to
each person who is responsible for
designing, specifying, selecting,
purchasing of these Products. Do not
select these Products without thoroughly reading and understanding this
safety guide as well as the specific
Parker publications for the products
considered or selected.
1.0.4 User Responsibility
Due to the wide variety of operating
conditions and uses for these Products,
Parker and its distributors do not represent or warrant that any particular
Product is suitable for any specific end
use system. This safety guide does
not analyze all technical parameters
that must be considered in selecting
a product. The users, through their
own analyses and testing, are solely
responsible for:
• Making the final selection of
the seal, isolation device, EMI
shielding product or thermal
management material.
• Assuring that the users’ requirements are understood and
met and that the use presents
no health or safety hazards.
• Providing all appropriate health
and safety warnings on and
with the equipment on which
the seals, isolation devices, EMI
shielding or thermal manage-
43
Safety Guide
1.0.1 Scope
sold by the world wide Parker Hannifin
organization (including its Chomerics operations) . It also includes
related accessories (including mounting hardware, surface preparation
solvents, protective liners, application
systems, containers and packaging
materials). All such devices are collectively referred to as “Products” in
this safety guide. This safety guide is
a supplement to and is to be used with
the specific Parker publications for
the specific seals, isolation devices,
EMI shielding, thermal management
materials, and related accessories that
are being considered for use.
ment materials are used.
1.0.5 Additional Questions
Contact the appropriate Parker applications engineering department or
your Parker representative if you have
any questions or require any additional
information. See the Parker publication or web pages for the product being
considered or used, for telephone
numbers and/or e-mail addresses of
the appropriate applications engineering department.
2.0 SEALING PERFORMANCE
2.0.1 Sealing Performance: Seals
In general, seals are used to maintain
an unbroken sealing line separating
adjoining volumes of media or fluid,
under all normal operating conditions.
Some seals may be designed to provide
other functions (e.g., mechanical check
valves). Maintaining the sealing line
may be necessary when that line is
formed on a surface that remains stationary relative to the seal (i.e., static
sealing). Or, the sealing line may be
formed against a surface that moves
(i.e., dynamic sealing). Numerous
criteria are involved in typical sealing
designs, including choice of sealing
material, gland design, and/or other
seal retention and mating features,
etc. Specific sealing requirements
and the performance of any related
sealing system must be clearly defined
for every given application in order to
select the best sealing solution. The
user should provide these definitions,
ideally in partnership with applications
support from Parker at the earliest
possible stages of the design process.
2.0.2 Sealing Performance:
Isolation Devices
Many isolation devices are used to
prevent ingress of environmental
contaminants, including moisture,
grease and dirt under normal operating conditions, while isolating noise,
vibration and harshness. Other isolation products are used for absorbing
shock, reducing equipment noise and
insulating against vibration. Performance safety concerns should include
the ability of the Parker isolation
device to prevent contaminant ingress,
and/or isolate noise, vibration, and
shock depending on the application requirements. The user should provide
Parker application engineers with the
isolation performance criteria early in
the design stages to optimize mate-
Chomerics
rial choices and overall design/use of
the isolation device. Certain isolation
device solutions may be designed to incorporate separate and distinct sealing
systems. For these applications, the
specific sealing performance should
also adhere to the goals described in
Section 2.0.1.
2.0.3 Sealing Performance: EMI
Shielding
EMI shielding materials are used to
reduce the transmission of electromagnetic energy. While many EMI
shielding materials may also provide
some level of sealing, any specific
sealing performance requirements
should adhere to the goals described
in Section 2.0.1 above. Certain EMI
shielding solutions may be designed
to incorporate separate and distinct
sealing systems. For these applications, the specific sealing performance should also adhere to the goals
described in Section 2.0.1. Other types
of EMI shielding materials provide no
sealing performance, inconsequential sealing performance, or widely
varied sealing properties. Finally, EMI
shielding materials, like other materials used in a given design, may affect
the performance of proximate sealing
systems. The above factors should be
considered in the design stages and
specification of EMI shielding (and
seals), ideally in partnership with applications support from Parker at the
earliest possible stages of the design
process.
2.0.4 Sealing Performance:
Thermal Management Materials
Thermal management materials are
used to assist in the transmission of
heat energy. Some thermal management products may also provide some
level of sealing, but any specific sealing performance should adhere to the
goals described in Section 2.0.1 above.
Certain thermal management solutions may be designed to incorporate
separate and distinct sealing systems.
For these applications, specific sealing
performance should also adhere to the
goals described in Section 2.0.1. Other
types of thermal management materials provide no sealing performance,
inconsequential sealing performance,
or widely varied sealing properties.
Finally, thermal management materials, like other materials used in a given design, may affect the performance
of proximate sealing systems. The
above factors should be considered in
the design stages and specification of
thermal management materials (and
seals), ideally in partnership with applications support from Parker at the
earliest possible stages of the design
process.
2.1 ELECTRICAL
CONDUCTIVITY
2.1.1: Electrical Conductivity:
Seals
Extreme care must be exercised when
selecting seals for applications in
which electrical conductivity or nonconductivity is a factor. Parker seals
designed for sealing against liquids
and gases may be developed with electrically conductive properties to meet
specific application requirements.
Conversely, non-conductive seals can
be provided for applications prohibiting
electrical conductivity.
The electrical conductivity or non-conductivity of Parker seals is dependent
upon many factors and may be susceptible to change. These factors include,
but are not limited to, the materials
used to make the seal and/or related
parts (including seal-bearing assemblies provided by Parker), how and
where the seals and/or related parts
are installed, moisture content of the
seal at any particular time, and other
factors. Users should be aware of any
safety-related issues with using electrically conductive, or insulating, seals
in a given application. These concerns
should be documented and discussed
with Parker before or during the seal
selection process.
2.1.2: Electrical Conductivity:
Isolation Devices
Most isolation device materials are
made from elastomeric, polymeric,
thermoplastic or plastic materials that
are typically non-conductive. However,
some isolation devices are fabricated
with conductive features, e.g., metal
frames, threaded fasteners, metallic
sealing materials, etc. Users should
be aware of any safety-related issues
with using electrically conductive, or
insulating, isolation devices in a given
application. These concerns should
be documented and discussed with
Parker before or during the isolation
device selection process.
44
2.1.3: Electrical Conductivity:
EMI Shielding
Parker EMI shielding materials are
inherently electrically conductive,
which is essential to providing shielding performance. Levels of conductivity vary by product type and factors of
application. Thus, care should be used
when selecting these materials. EMI
shielding products can be designed
with non-conductive elements, (e.g.,
mounting features) depending on the
application requirements.
The electrical performance of Parker
EMI shielding is dependent upon many
factors and may be susceptible to
change. These factors include but are
not limited to the various materials
used to make the EMI shielding and/or
related parts (including shielding assemblies provided by Parker), how and
where the EMI shielding and/or related
parts are installed, moisture content
of the shielding at any particular time,
corrosion over time, and gap mechanics (stiffness, fastener spacing, etc.).
2.1.4: Electrical Conductivity:
Thermal Management Materials
Extreme care must be used when selecting thermal management products
in which electrical conductivity or nonconductivity is a factor. Certain Parker
thermal management materials are
designed to be electrically non-conductive, i.e., electrical insulators, while
others are specifically designed to
be electrically conductive. And other
thermal management materials are
inherently electrically non-conductive
only below certain current levels.
The electrical conductivity of Parker
thermal management products is
dependent upon many factors and may
be susceptible to change. These factors include the various materials used
to make the thermal management
materials and/or related parts (including thermal management assemblies
provided by Parker), how and where
the thermal management parts and/
or related parts are installed, moisture
content of the thermal products at any
particular time, and other factors.
2.2 TEMPERATURE RANGE
AND FLAMMABILITY
2.2.1 Temperature Range and
Flammability: Seals
Temperatures can affect seal perfor-
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mance, including occurrences such as
heat hardening and oxidation. The temperature range of a given seal application, and the expected performance of
any sealing system within this range,
must be clearly defined in order to select the best sealing solution. Temperature at the seal itself may vary widely
from the ambient condition, sometimes
by hundreds of degrees. The user
should provide the temperature range,
ideally in partnership with applications
support from Parker at the earliest
possible stages of the design process. Temperature range is generally
defined as the maximum and minimum
temperature limits within which a
seal compound is expected to function
properly in a given application.
Virtually all Parker sealing materials
feature a recommended use temperature range, which should be regarded
in the seal selection process. This
information can normally be found on
related Parker web pages, product
literature or from Parker Seal Group
applications engineering. In addition,
temperature range should be considered for all integral seal elements
(e.g., fasteners, adhesives, plastics,
metals, etc.) and for application features such as gland dimensions, fluid
temperatures, dynamic or static operation, etc. For example, temperature, or
the range of temperature, for a given
operation may require some modification of the gland dimensions.
Changing the fluids a seal is exposed to
will change the temperature limits of
the seal. This is because some chemical reactions take place at elevated
temperatures, but not necessarily at
lower temperatures. Seals can fail
at low temperatures as well. These
failures are typically caused by some
mechanical instability in the system,
which would cause the seal to loose
its seal interface. The temperature
limit in a particular sealing application
cannot be properly determined without
knowing what specific fluids or other
media the seal will be exposed to.
Flammability information is available
for most Parker seal materials. Certain materials are available with various UL (Underwriters Laboratories)
ratings for flammability/flame resistance. When Parker seal materials are
integrated with other materials (e.g.,
plastic frames), the user, or Parker,
may need to determine the flammability data for these other materials.
For more safety information on temperature and flammability, consult
with Parker Seal Group applications
engineering.
2.2.2 Temperature Range and
Flammability: Isolation Devices
Most Parker isolation devices are
produced from materials that perform
over a broad temperature range, e.g.,
-65 to +600 degrees F. Some materials
are better suited for wider temperature ranges, or for higher or lower
temperature extremes. Temperature
range data is available for most of
these materials and should be considered in the overall selection process.
Users should also determine whether
flammability issues are of concern
to their application. When Parker
isolation devices are integrated with
other materials (e.g., plastic frames),
the user, or Parker, may also need to
determine the flammability data for
these other materials. Consult with
Parker engineers on available flammability data, e.g., UL ratings, required
for a choice of an isolation device.
2.2.3 Temperature Range and
Flammability: EMI Shielding
Temperatures can affect EMI shielding performance to the extent they
may affect electrical continuity within
a shielding design. This could result
from physical changes to electrically
conductive shielding components
(conductive panels, coatings, platings,
flanges, compounds, gaskets, fasteners, adhesives, etc.) due to temperature extremes, changes, etc. In addition, while some shielding materials
such as conductive compounds (paints,
adhesives, caulks, inks) should be applied at specific temperature ranges
(e.g., ambient), they will provide
shielding performance over a broader
temperature range. Other shielding
materials such as compounds may require curing at elevated temperatures,
which may in turn affect substrates
or other exposed components. Temperature ranges for effective shielding performance are available for
most Parker EMI shielding materials,
including integral attachment systems
(e.g., pressure sensitive adhesives).
Consult Parker’s literature or web
pages, and consult with Parker applications engineers to review shielding
material selection relevant to temperature range.
45
Flammability information is available
for many Parker shielding materials.
Certain materials are available with
various UL (Underwriters Laboratories) ratings for flammability/flame
resistance. When Parker shielding
products are integrated with other materials (e.g., plastic frames), the user,
or Parker, may need to determine
the flammability data for these other
materials.
For more safety information on temperature and flammability, consult
with Parker technical service department. Curing of products at elevated
temperatures may generate off gas
components. Any need to use local
exhaust ventilation should be based off
customer assessment.
2.2.4 Temperature Range and
Flammability: Thermal
Management Materials
Temperature range is defined as the
maximum and minimum temperature
limits within which a thermal management material or product will function
properly in a given application. Normally, the key feature of these products is their ability to conduct thermal
energy (heat), particularly within a
target temperature range and in specific design configurations. However,
temperature extremes can affect the
performance of these thermal management materials or systems.
Many Parker thermal management
materials feature a recommended
application temperature range, which
should be regarded in the seal selection process. This information can
normally be found on related Parker
web pages, product literature or from
Parker technical services departments.
In addition, temperature range should
be considered for all integral elements
of a thermal management system (e.g.,
fasteners, adhesives, plastics, metals,
etc.) and for various other application
features, such as mounting surfaces,
etc. The temperature range of a given
thermal management system, and the
expected performance of any thermal management system within this
range, must be clearly defined in order
to select the best solution. The user
should provide the temperature range,
ideally in partnership with applications
support from Parker at the earliest
possible stages of the design process.
Flammability information is available
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for most Parker thermal management
materials. Certain materials are available with various UL (Underwriters
Laboratories) ratings for flammability/flame resistance. When Parker
thermal management materials are
integrated with other materials (e.g.,
plastic frames), the user, or Parker,
may need to determine the flammability data for these other materials. For
more information, consult with Parker
technical service department.
2.3 COMPRESSION AND
PRESSURE
Most Products require some level of
compression to function properly.
Different materials and configurations will have varying compression
characteristics, including resilience,
and diverse compressive force requirements. Product materials may
undergo compression set or other
compression-related changes depending on the specific application. Fluids
and other media may physically affect
a Product and cause changes to the
Product’s compression characteristics
in an application. Compression (and
decompression) qualities of materials,
compression force requirements, and
related compression requirements
should be considered for a given application in order to select the best
Product solution. This also includes
the number of pressure cycles to which
the Product will be exposed, and the
number of times a Product will be
disassembled. Compression data is
available on most Parker Product materials, and users should consult with
Parker applications engineering early
in their design and Product selection
processes.
Pressure has a bearing on Product
design and selection, as it may affect
the choice of compound composition,
geometry, hardness and other properties. Proper selection may require
the choice of higher or lower durometer materials to accommodate more
severe pressure situations. Compatibility with the medium should be of
concern e.g., excessive swell in an
application can generate extremely
high pressures. If not considered in
the design and selection stages, high
pressures in an application can affect
mating assemblies and lead to Product
failure, e.g., by extrusion of the Product material. Pressure data should be
provided as part of the selection process, as well as the choice of interface
design and materials. This includes
maximum and minimum pressures and
cycling conditions.
2.4 FLUID AND OTHER
MEDIA COMPATIBILITY
2.4.1 Compatibility: Seals
This is a critical aspect of proper seal
selection, based on the number of
fluids or other media with which seals
are expected to interact. All media
that may come in contact with the seal
and retainer should be considered.
For example, if the system is to be
cleaned or purged periodically, be sure
to anticipate what cleaning fluids will
be used. Also, consider any lubricants,
e.g., friction reducers, which may be
affected by the sealed media. These
secondary fluids are as important to
selecting the most compatible seal material as the principal operating media
selects.
Any increase in seal mass (volume)
due to exposure to the sealed fluid,
must be a design consideration.
Excessive swell in an application can
generate extremely high pressures
and affect the seal function. Conversely, any decrease in seal volume, caused
by a reaction to the sealed fluid can
also degrade performance by reducing
compression force or causing other severe dimensional changes resulting in
possible loss of the sealing interface.
Seals exposed to atmosphere, including ozone and air pollutants, or to
vacuum may experience some types of
degradation. Corrosion issues should
also be considered, particularly of
metallic mating or seal mounting hardware (see 2.6.1). In all cases, fluid and
gas compatibility should be a major
consideration for every sealing application, and fully discussed with Parker
Seal Group applications engineering.
2.4.2 Compatibility: Isolation
Devices
Many isolation devices are designed
to retain or seal a number of fluids
across a variety of applications, while
also protecting against contaminants
(see 2.6.2). Others are designed
exclusively to control noise, vibration,
shock or motion. Users should assess
the nature, volume, etc., of all fluids
and gases that will be contact with
the isolation devices in their applications. These assessments should be
discussed with Parker applications en-
46
gineers in selecting and designing the
appropriate isolation device solution.
2.4.3 Compatibility: EMI Shielding
Fluid and gas compatibility concerns in
EMI shielding applications include the
potential effects on electrical conductivity, corrosion, and issues related to
shielding materials that also provide
environmental sealing. Consider
ALL media that may come in contact
with the shielding components. For
example, if the system is to be cleaned
or purged periodically, be sure to
anticipate what cleaning fluids will be
used. Exposure to fluids and gases
may effect shielding performance
(immediately and long term) and
the application conditions should be
discussed with Parker engineers. Occurrence of galvanic corrosion should
be a major concern where metal
or metal-filled shielding materials
are used in the presence of fluids or
humidity. This includes metallic parts
used for attaching shielding gaskets or
other shielding components. Consult
with Parker applications engineers
to optimize the shielding design and/
or choice of shielding materials to
address corrosion issues. Many EMI
gasket forms will provide little or no
barrier to fluids or gases, unless they
include an integrated sealing system.
The environmental seal, such as a
non-conductive rubber, will feature
its own fluid and gas compatibility
issues. (Refer to 2.4.1 when considering non-conductive and/or conductive
elastomers for use in an EMI shielding
system.) In all cases, fluid and gas
compatibility should be addressed in
each EMI shielding application, and
fully discussed with Parker technical
service department.
2.4.4 Compatibility: Thermal
Management Materials
Fluid and gas concerns in thermal
management applications include the
potential effects on thermal performance, and safety-related effects
such as corrosion occurring to the
Parker thermal product or associated hardware. Consider ALL media
that may come in contact with the
thermal components. For example, if
the system is to be cleaned or purged
periodically, be sure to anticipate what
cleaning fluids will be used. Exposure
to fluids and gases may effect thermal
performance (immediately and long
term) and the application conditions
should be discussed with Parker engi-
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neers. Fluid or gas exposure may also
affect integral portions of the supplied
thermal management product, such as
pressure sensitive adhesives. Occurrence of corrosion should be a concern
where metal or metal-filled thermal
materials are used in the presence of
fluids or humidity. This also includes
metallic parts used for attaching
thermal management components.
Consult with Parker applications engineers to optimize the thermal design
and/or choice of materials to address
corrosion issues. In all cases, fluid and
gas compatibility should be addressed
in each application, and fully discussed
with Parker technical service department.
devices.
2.5 CORROSION AND
ENVIRONMENT
Some types of isolation devices, such
as boots and bellows, are typically
designed for preventing ingress of
environmental dust and dirt, water,
fuel and other fluids, grease and other
potential contaminants. Users should
carefully review potential environmental conditions and contaminants
to which an isolation device or system
may be exposed. Some isolation
materials may also be affected by
exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, e.g.
reflected solar energy. Selection of
the materials, attachment systems and
overall design should have the primary
goal of keeping out contamination from
the environment. Review corrosion
and environmental issues with Parker
applications engineers as part of the
selection process.
2.5.1 Corrosion and Environment:
Seals
2.5.3 Corrosion and Environment:
EMI Shielding
Seal corrosion is not typically seen
with elastomer-based sealing materials, but corrosion of integrated metal
seal components, mounting devices
and mating hardware can be a safetyrelated factor when choosing sealing
solutions. Corrosion of these materials can compromise the integrity,
proper function and normal results
of the seal design. As such, potential
corrosion opportunities should be determined and accounted for in the seal
design process (e.g., using coated or
plated metals). Similarly, environmental issues should be considered when
developing sealing designs and specifying seal materials. Environmental
conditions, e.g., weather, temperature,
salt spray, dust, etc. can affect the
sealing material, sealing hardware
and/or the media being sealed, which
in turn can affect the sealing properties. Consult with Parker Seal specialists on seal design in respect to corrosion and environmental issues.
2.5.2 Corrosion and Environment:
Isolation Devices
Corrosion issues should factor into
selecting elastomeric and thermoplastic-based isolation devices. Isolation
devices with integral metal plates,
flanges, screws, fasteners and other
metallic features may experience
corrosion under certain conditions.
Further, corrosion can affect the
integrity of other component parts in
an isolation system. Corrosion control
should be part of the design and selection process when choosing isolation
Corrosion issues must be considered
in the design and selection of EMI
shielding. The metals used in providing a conductive pathway, enclosure,
etc. and ultimately an effective EMI
shield can be subject to corrosion that
can affect shielding performance. The
level of this corrosion is determined by
the metals used and by their exposure
to corrosion-supporting environments.
For example, galvanic corrosion can
occur when conductive shielding
materials experience battery-like
physical conditions. As such, potential corrosion opportunities should be
determined and accounted for in the
EMI shielding design process (e.g.,
choice of EMI gasket type, use of corrosion inhibiting coatings, weather seals,
etc.). Similarly, environmental factors
should be considered when developing
EMI shielding designs and selecting
shielding materials. Environmental
situations, e.g., weather, temperature,
radiation, salt spray, dust, etc. can affect the shielding material, integrated
hardware and other components of
a system’s overall shielding design.
Consult with Parker technical service
department on shielding design in
respect to corrosion and environmental issues.
2.5.4 Corrosion and Environment:
Thermal Management Materials
Corrosion should be addressed when
designing and choosing thermal management products. Those products
containing metals as thermal conductors or as part of an integral thermal
47
management assembly can be subject
to corrosion that may affect thermal
performance. The level of this corrosion is determined by the metals used
and by their exposure to corrosionsupporting environments. Potential
corrosion opportunities should be
determined and accounted for in the
thermal management design process
(e.g., choice of thermally conductive
materials, integrated fasteners or
other components, use of corrosion inhibiting coatings, weather seals, etc.).
Similarly, environmental issues should
be considered when designing and
selecting thermal management systems. Environmental situations, e.g.,
weather, temperature, radiation, salt
spray, dust, etc. can affect the thermal
transfer material, integrated hardware
(fasteners, clips, heat sinks, etc.), and
other components of a system’s overall
thermal management design. Consult
with Parker specialists on thermal
management design in respect to corrosion and environmental issues.
2.6 LEAKAGE
2.6.1 Leakage: Seals
Leakage control and acceptable leakage rates are fundamental to the
design of any efficient sealing system.
When properly used in sealing liquids
there should be no detectable leakage
of a liquid over a given period of time
in the case of static sealing. Dynamic
sealing provides of a controlled leakage that is typically very low concentrations over extended periods of time.
Gases, on the other hand, will typically
diffuse through the rubber at some
very low rate that can be detected by a
leak detector, a mass spectrometer or
other very sensitive measuring device.
The leakage rate depends primarily on
the temperature, the pressure differential, the type of gas and the type
of elastomer used. Out-gassing is a
vacuum phenomenon wherein a substance spontaneously releases volatile
constituents in the form of vapors or
gases. In rubber compounds, these
constituents may include water vapor,
plasticizers, air, inhibitors, etc. To
identify and address safety concerns,
consult with Parker Seal applications
engineers on leakage issues relevant
to all seal designs and selections.
2.6.2 Leakage: Isolation Devices
When properly designed and installed,
isolation devices for preventing ingress
of contaminants should demonstrate
Chomerics
either no leakage or an ingress level
well within the user-provided specifications. This need for properly selecting isolation devices may also pertain
to preventing or minimizing ‘leakage’,
or egress, of noise, vibration, shock or
other phenomena. Leakage problems
can lead to system malfunctions,
breakdowns, and safety hazards to
equipment, operators and other personnel. User-specifications must address any and all safety concerns over
leakage. These should be reviewed
with Parker applications engineers
early in the selection process.
2.6.3 Leakage (Including Electromagnetic Energy Leakage): EMI
Shielding
Leakage in an EMI shielding design can
refer to the flow of fluids and gases, as
well as the passage of electromagnetic
energy through the shield.
With respect to the flow of fluids and
gases, some Parker EMI shielding
products will provide a certain barrier
level to fluid and gas leakage, e.g.,
shielded windows, conductive elastomer gaskets. However, only a limited
number of these products are specifically designed for this feature, e.g.,
conductive sealants. Other Parker
shielding products e.g., shielded vents,
are actually designed to facilitate airflow. Conductive elastomers and other
kinds of conductive shielding materials
may also experience out-gassing. This
is a vacuum phenomenon wherein a
substance spontaneously releases volatile constituents in the form of vapors
or gases. In rubber compounds, these
constituents may include water vapor,
plasticizers, air, inhibitors, etc. In addition, improperly installed shielding
products, as well as gaps throughout
a device’s shielding system, may lead
to leakage. This includes any leakage
of improperly cured shielding compounds, e.g., coatings, inks, epoxies,
etc. To help you identify and address
fluid and gas leakage concerns, consult
with Parker Seal applications specialists on leakage issues relevant to all
EMI shielding designs and selections.
With respect to the passage of electromagnetic energy through the EMI
shielding material, EMI shielding materials reduce but do not eliminate this
passage. Specifications and testing of
EMI shielding materials are directed
toward the amount of the reduction.
The electromagnetic energy that is
emitted from any electronic device is
dependent upon many factors including the source of the electromagnetic
energy, the amount of electromagnetic
energy developed or transmitted by
the source, the distance from the
source, and any desired transmission
of signals from the device such as
through an antennae. The EMI shielding material is just one component of
the entire device, and the designers
of the device are solely responsible to
determine the amount of electromagnetic energy transmitted by the device
under all conditions and to assure that
all performance, endurance, maintenance, safety and warning requirements for the device are met.
2.6.4 Leakage: Thermal
Management Materials
Leakage potential of fluids or gases
through thermal management materials should be addressed by consulting
with Parker Seal design engineers
before or during the material selection process. Some Parker thermal
management products will provide a
certain barrier level to fluid and gas
leakage, but only a limited number
of these products are specifically
designed for this feature, e.g., thermal
potting compounds. Elastomers and
other types of thermally conductive
materials may also experience outgassing. This is a vacuum phenomenon wherein a substance spontaneously releases volatile constituents in
the form of vapors or gases. In rubber
compounds, these constituents may
include water vapor, plasticizers, air,
inhibitors, etc. In addition, improperly installed thermal management
products, as well as gaps throughout
a thermal management system, may
lead to leakage and resulting safety
problems. This includes any leakage
of improperly cured thermally compounds, e.g., adhesives, caulks, etc. To
identify and address safety concerns,
consult with Parker Seal applications
specialists on leakage issues relevant
to all thermal management designs
and selections.
2.7 AGING
Product selection should consider both
the shelf life and the installed life.
Parker maintains cure date records for
many Products. For some Products,
Parker also follows established industrial, customer, United States or other
global age control standards. Certain
materials, e.g. conductive coatings,
48
inks, adhesives, etc. have a relatively
limited shelf life and use life. Integral materials, e.g., pressure sensitive adhesives; on Products may have
aging properties different from the
main Product material. Users should
consult available Parker data, and
consult with Parker applications engineers to determine shelf life standards
and installed seal life guidelines, and
relevant procedures, when selecting
seals for their applications.
2.8 SYSTEM WEIGHT
Product selection should include considerations related to Product weight,
hardware/peripherals weight, and
total system weight. Material weights
are available from Parker web sites,
literature, or from Parker applications
engineers. When weight is critical to
achieving a proper application, this
should be addressed as early as possible with Parker applications engineers.
Parker can often provide technical
prediction of Product performance
via finite element analysis and other
analytical tools. Successful results are
best accomplished by working closely
with Parker applications engineers
beginning early in the design stages.
3.0 HANDLING
Safe handling of Products refers to the
safety of the handlers and to the security of the seal parts. Any safety concerns relative to the safety of Product
assemblers; inspectors, maintenance
personnel, etc. should be addressed
with Parker before the Products enter
the handling stages. Though not usually required, Parker can provide available Material Safety Data Sheets and
other safe handling and storage documents for certain Products. Consult
with Parker applications engineers on
the need and availability of this form of
documentation. The Products should
always be handled in ways that will not
cause physical (visible or not) changes
to the materials that could affect performance in their intended application.
It is recommended that Parker applications engineers be consulted on best
practices for safe storage and handling
of these Products
Safe operation of automated handling,
assembly, insertion, storage, etc.
equipment used with the Products,
should be optimized for safe use by operators, maintenance personnel, etc.
Automated or manual equipment, used
Chomerics
for handling seal products, should not
affect the Products in any way that
can alter their attributes and result in
unsafe conditions. It is recommended
that Parker applications engineers be
consulted on best practices for safe
handling of the Products.
3.1 PRE-INSTALLATION
INSPECTION
Prior to installation, a careful examination of the Product must be
performed. This includes checking
for correct size, style, quantity, and
part number. The Product should be
examined for cleanliness, abrasion
and any other visible defects. Faulty
Products should be properly discarded
or carefully stored away from other
inventories. Quality assurance testing
programs for the Products should be
established in consultation with Parker
quality engineers or other authorized
personnel.
3.2 PREPARING THE
INSTALLATION AREA
Cleanliness of the Product and its
installation area are key to successful
installation and performance. Every
precaution must be taken to insure that
all parts are clean at assembly. Cleanliness is important for proper Product
functions. Foreign particles in the
installation area, including dirt, metal
debris etc. can damage the Product
or impede function. Remove all sharp
edges near mounting surfaces. When
required, use lubricants on the isolation parts and/or contacting surfaces
only after discussion with Parker applications engineers. Cleaning solvents
can cause swelling or other damage
of some Products. Thus, cleaning solvents should be cleaned off thoroughly.
Some Products may require priming of
installation surfaces. These processes
should be done according to instructions from Parker. EMI gaskets may
have specific installation requirements
depending on their construction and
composition. Consult with Parker applications engineers for specific gasket
application needs and to review installation requirements for all Parker EMI
shielding. Customer assumes responsibility/risk assessment when handling
hazardous substances for cleaning or
surface preparation.
3.3 ASSEMBLY
3.3.1 Assembly: SEALS AND ISOLATION DEVICES
Seal and isolation devices typically do
not have assembly requirements beyond normal installation into a system
or a system sub-assembly.
3.3.2 Assembly: EMI Shielding and
Thermal Management Materials
While most Parker EMI shielding and
thermal management materials are
provided ready to install, some types
require minor assembly, sizing, mixing
or other preparatory operations prior
to installation. Assembly may include
customer-performed integration of
attachment systems, i.e. adding hardware or adhesive. Sizing operations
include customer-performed trimming
or other fabrication. Mixing operations
are often required of customers using
Parker conductive coatings and adhesive products. In all cases, customers
should use good safety procedures
and equipment used in performing
these functions. Consult with Parker
Seals applications engineers with any
questions or concerns regarding the
safe assembly, sizing or mixing of EMI
shielding and thermal management
materials.
3.4 INSTALLATION
The Products have various installation
methods, including manual insertion,,
use of hand tools and automated systems. Sharp-edged installation tools
should be used with care, or avoided,
to prevent Product damage. If clamping or crimping is used, avoid over
clamping or over crimping. Consult
with Parker applications engineers to
determine the issues to be addressed
using whatever installation method is
selected.
3.5 CURE/SET TIME
3.5.1 Cure/Set Time: Seals and
Isolation Devices
Parker seals and isolation devices are
typically supplied in cured form. When
using uncured seal material (or other
curable products) follow the cure time
instructions provided by Parker.
3.5.2 Cure/Set Time: EMI Shielding and Thermal Management
Materials
Some Parker EMI shielding and thermal management materials require
customer-managed cure periods.
These include conductive coatings,
inks, adhesives, and form-in-place
49
gasket compounds, caulks and primers. Some adhesives (conductive or
non-conductive) used for bonding may
have a recommended set time. Temperature, humidity and other conditions can affect curing. Improperly
cured materials may provide abnormal
performance, working life, abrasion
resistance, attachment, and other
properties. Some curable materials
are volatile and/or pose health issues
in uncured form. Refer to all relevant
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
and consult with Parker applications
engineers on the appropriate curing
methods, timing and evaluation for
Products requiring curing or setting
periods.
3.6 POST INSTALLATION
INSPECTION AND TESTING
Installed Products should be inspected
for proper fit and any damage incurred
during installation. In some cases,
pressure, conductivity (electrical or
thermal), or impedance testing, or
other procedures can help identify
any performance problems. Identified
problems should be documented and
brought to the attention of all associates involved. Consult with Parker
applications engineers in developing
appropriate inspection and test standards and procedures.
3.7 REMOVAL
3.7.1 Removal: Seals
Seal removal may require use of manual or automated tools. Safety procedures and training may also be necessary to ensure the safe use of removal
tools, compounds, etc. Care must be
taken to preserve surface finishes
and other application part features.
Inspect and clean/repair application
parts as needed prior to installing new
seals. Inspect removed seals for wear,
damage and other features that may
indicate conditions requiring attention.
Consult with Parker regarding appropriate removal tools and procedures.
3.7.2 Removal: Isolation Devices
Many isolation devices are intended
to remain in place for the life of the
system, e.g. vehicle. When necessary,
these parts must be carefully removed
Chomerics
to avoid damaging material or attachment hardware; changing the part dimensions, or contaminating protected
areas. Inspect removed devices for
wear, damage and other features that
may indicate conditions requiring attention. Consult with Parker regarding
appropriate tools and procedures.
3.7.3 Removal: EMI Shielding and
Thermal Management Materials
Removing EMI shielding or thermal
management materials may require
use of manual or automated tools, as
well as the use of solvents, abrasives
or other compounds. Safety procedures and training may also be necessary to ensure the safe use of removal
tools, compounds, etc. Care must be
taken to preserve surface finishes and
other part features, particularly those
comprising the shielding or thermal
management system. Inspect and
clean/repair application parts as needed prior to installing new Products. If
possible, inspect removed materials
for wear, damage, performance and
other features that may indicate conditions requiring attention. Consult with
Parker regarding appropriate removal
tools and procedures.
4.0 STORAGE
Storage conditions can affect Product integrity and performance, and
pose safety issues. These include
temperature extremes, contamination and time. Storage procedures
should address these issues. Typically,
the Products should be kept at room
temperature, and away from temperature extremes or high humidity.
Product lots and part numbers should
be identified and tracked to ensure
attention to shelf life and that the
correct Products are always installed.
Products installed on stored equipment should also be protected from
potential temperature and environmental effects. Avoid sulfur containing
packaging materials when storing conductive elastomers as it will promote
corrosion. Their working life must
also be tracked and distinguished from
typical bulk/bag storage life. Discuss
proper storage procedures with Parker
engineers. Follow guidelines in Parker
literature for special handling and
storage instructions.
4.1 MAINTENANCE
Users of these Products should establish maintenance procedures, and
these are typically determined through
customer component testing. Maintenance should normally include Product
inspection, correct part replacement,
and for those specific Products approved by Parker, conditioning of the
Product for reuse. Parker applications
engineers can be consulted when creating maintenance procedures.
5.0 USER
RESPONSIBILITY
This document and other information
from the world wide Parker-Hannifin
organization (including Chomerics)
and its subsidiaries and authorized
distributors provide product or system
options for further investigation by
users having technical expertise. To
the extent that Parker or its subsidiaries or authorized distributors provide
component or system options based
upon data or specifications provided
by the user, the user is responsible for
determining that such data and specifications are suitable and sufficient
for all applications and reasonably
foreseeable uses of the components
or systems. The user, through its own
analysis and testing, is solely responsible for making the final selection
of the system and components and
assuring that all performance, endurance, maintenance, safety and warning requirements of the application
are met. The user must analyze all
aspects of the application, follow applicable industry standards, and follow
the information concerning the product
in the current product catalog and in
any other materials provided from
Parker or its subsidiaries or authorized distributors.
50
CHOMERICS DIVISION OF PARKER HANNIFIN CORPORATION
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE (7/21/04)
1. Terms and Conditions of Sale: All
descriptions, quotations, proposals,
offers, acknowledgments, acceptances and sales of Seller’s products
are subject to and shall be governed
exclusively by the terms and conditions
stated herein. Seller’s prices for the
products have been established on the
understanding and condition that the
terms set forth herein shall apply to this
sale to the exclusion of any other terms.
Seller expressly reserves the right to an
equitable adjustment to the price in the
event that any material provision hereof
is deemed not to govern the rights
and obligations of the parties hereto.
Buyer’s acceptance of any offer to sell
is limited to these terms and conditions.
Any terms or conditions in addition to,
or inconsistent with those stated herein,
proposed by Buyer in any acceptance of
an offer by Seller, are hereby objected
to. No such additional, different or
inconsistent terms and conditions shall
become part of the contract between
Buyer and Seller unless expressly
accepted in writing by Seller. Seller’s
acceptance of any offer to purchase
by Buyer is expressly conditional upon
Buyer’s assent to all the terms and
conditions stated herein, including any
terms in addition to, or inconsistent
with those contained in Buyer’s offer.
Acceptance of Seller’s products shall in
all events constitute such assent.
3. Payment: Payment shall be made by
Buyer net 30 days from the date of delivery of the items purchased hereunder.
Any claims by Buyer for omissions or
shortages in a shipment shall be waived
unless Seller receives notice thereof
within 30 days after Buyer’s receipt of
the shipment.
4. Delivery: Unless otherwise provided
Chomerics
5. Warranty: Seller warrants that the
items sold hereunder shall be free from
defects in material or workmanship for
a period of 365 days from the date of
shipment to Buyer. THIS WARRANTY
COMPRISES THE SOLE AND ENTIRE
WARRANTY PERTAINING TO ITEMS
PROVIDED HEREUNDER. SELLER
MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTY,
GUARANTEE, OR REPRESENTATION OF
ANY KIND WHATSOEVER. ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE, WHETHER
EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR ARISING BY
OPERATION OF LAW, TRADE USAGE,
OR COURSE OF DEALING ARE HEREBY
DISCLAIMED.
NOTWITHSTANDING THE FOREGOING,
THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES WHATSOEVER ON ITEMS BUILT OR ACQUIRED,
WHOLLY OR PARTIALLY, TO BUYER’S
DESIGNS OR SPECIFICATIONS.
6. Limitation of Remedy: SELLER’S LIABILITY ARISING FROM OR IN ANY WAY
CONNECTED WITH THE ITEMS SOLD
OR THIS CONTRACT SHALL BE LIMITED
EXCLUSIVELY TO REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE ITEMS SOLD OR REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE PAID
BY BUYER, AT SELLER’S SOLE OPTION.
IN NO EVENT SHALL SELLER BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF
ANY KIND OR NATURE WHATSOEVER,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST
PROFITS ARISING FROM OR IN ANY
WAY CONNECTED WITH THIS AGREEMENT OR ITEMS SOLD HEREUNDER,
WHETHER ALLEGED TO ARISE FROM
BREACH OF CONTRACT, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, OR IN TORT,
INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION,
NEGLIGENCE, FAILURE TO WARN OR
STRICT LIABILITY.
7. Inspection: Seller shall be given the
opportunity to correct or replace defective products prior to cancellation. Final
acceptance by Buyer shall take place
not later than 90 days after shipment.
8. Changes, Reschedules and Cancellations: Buyer may request to modify
the designs or specifications for the
items sold hereunder as well as the
quantities and delivery dates thereof,
or may request to cancel all or part of
this order; however, no such requested
modification or cancellation shall
become part of the contract between
Buyer and Seller unless accepted by
Seller in a written amendment to this
Agreement. Acceptance of any such
requested modification or cancellation
shall be at Seller’s discretion, and shall
be upon such terms and conditions as
Seller may require.
9. Special Tooling: A tooling charge may
be imposed for any special tooling, including without limitation, dies, fixtures,
molds and patterns, acquired to manufacture items sold pursuant to this contract. Such special tooling shall be and
remain Seller’s property notwithstanding payment of any charges by Buyer. In
no event will Buyer acquire any interest in apparatus belonging to Seller
that is utilized in the manufacture of
the items sold hereunder, even if such
apparatus has been specially converted
or adapted for such manufacture and
notwithstanding any charges paid by
Buyer. Unless otherwise agreed, Seller
shall have the right to alter, discard or
otherwise dispose of any special tooling
or other property in its sole discretion at
any time.
10. Buyer’s Property: Any designs, tools,
patterns, materials, drawings, confidential information or equipment furnished
by Buyer or any other items which
become Buyer’s property, may be considered obsolete and may be destroyed
by Seller after two (2) consecutive years
have elapsed without Buyer placing an
order for the items which are manufactured using such property. Seller
shall not be responsible for any loss or
damage to such property while it is in
Seller’s possession or control.
11. Taxes: Unless otherwise indicated on the face hereof, all prices and
charges are exclusive of excise, sales,
use, property, occupational or like taxes
which may be imposed by any taxing
51
Terms of Sale
2. Product Selection. If Seller has
provided Buyer with any component
and/or system recommendations, such
recommendations are based on data
and specifications supplied to Seller by
Buyer. Final acceptance and approval
of the individual components as well
as the system must be made by the
Buyer after testing their performance
and endurance in the entire application
under all conditions which might be
encountered.
on the face hereof, delivery shall be
made F.O.B. Seller’s plant. Regardless
of the method of delivery, however, risk
of loss shall pass to Buyer upon Seller’s
delivery to a carrier. Any delivery dates
shown are approximate only and Seller
shall have no liability for any delays in
delivery.
authority upon the manufacture, sale or
delivery of the items sold hereunder. If
any such taxes must be paid by Seller
or if Seller is liable for the collection of
such tax, the amount thereof shall be
in addition to the amounts for the items
sold. Buyer agrees to pay all such taxes
or to reimburse Seller therefor upon
receipt of its invoice. If Buyer claims
exemption from any sales, use or other
tax imposed by any taxing authority,
Buyer shall save Seller harmless from
and against any such tax, together with
any interest or penalties thereon which
may be assessed if the items are held to
be taxable.
or infringements resulting from the
modification, combination or use in a
system of any item sold hereunder. The
foregoing provisions of this Part 12 shall
constitute Seller’s sole and exclusive
liability and Buyer’s sole and exclusive
remedy for infringement of Intellectual
Property Rights. If a claim is based on
information provided by Buyer or if the
design for an item delivered hereunder
is specified in whole or in part by Buyer,
Buyer shall defend and indemnify Seller
for all costs, expenses or judgments
resulting from any claim that such item
infringes any patent, trademark, copyright, trade secret or any similar right.
12. Indemnity For Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights: Seller shall
have no liability for infringement of
any patents, trademarks, copyrights,
trade secrets or similar rights except
as provided in this Part 12. Seller will
defend and indemnify Buyer against
allegations of infringement of U.S. patents, U.S. trademarks, copyrights, and
trade secrets (hereinafter ‘Intellectual
Property Rights’). Seller will defend at
its expense and will pay the cost of any
settlement or damages awarded in an
action brought against Buyer based on
an allegation that an item sold pursuant
to this contract infringes the Intellectual
Property Rights of a third party. Seller’s
obligation to defend and indemnify
Buyer is contingent on Buyer notifying
Seller within ten (10) days after Buyer
becomes aware of such allegations of
infringement, and Seller having sole
control over the defense of any allegations or actions including all negotiations for settlement or compromise. If
an item sold hereunder is subject to a
claim that it infringes the Intellectual
Property Rights of a third party, Seller
may, at its sole expense and option,
procure for Buyer the right to continue
using said item, replace or modify said
item so as to make it noninfringing,
or offer to accept return of said item
and return the purchase price less a
reasonable allowance for depreciation.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, Seller
shall have no liability for claims of
infringement based on information provided by Buyer, or directed to items delivered hereunder for which the designs
are specified in whole or part by Buyer,
13. Export Limitations. The items sold
hereunder are authorized by the U.S.
government for export only to the country of ultimate destination indicated on
the face hereof for use by the end-user.
The items may not be transferred,
transshipped on a non-continuous voyage, or otherwise be disposed of in any
other country, either in their original
form or after being incorporated into
other end-items, without the prior written approval of the U.S. government.
Chomerics
14. Commercial Items. Unless otherwise indicated on the face hereof,
the items being sold hereunder if
sold for military or government purposes constitute Commercial Items
in accordance with FAR 2.101, and as
such the assertions delineated in the
DFAR’s 252.227-7013, 252.227-7014,
252.227-7017 and FAR 52.227-15 (c)
shall not apply to this contract. Additionally, in view of the Commercial
Item status, any deliverable technical
data and/or computer software to be
provided will contain Seller’s normal
commercial legend subject to the restrictions contained therein.
15. Force Majeure: Seller does not
assume the risk of and shall not be
liable for delay or failure to perform
any of Seller’s obligations by reason of
circumstances beyond the reasonable
control of Seller (hereinafter ‘Events
of Force Majeure’). Events of Force
Majeure shall include without limitation,
accidents, acts of God, strikes or labor
disputes, acts, laws, rules or regulations of any government or government
agency, fires, floods, delays or failures
in delivery of carriers or suppliers,
shortages of materials and any other
cause beyond Seller’s control.
16. Premier™ Conductive Plastics:
Parker Chomerics™ Premier™ conductive plastics are sold under license
solely for use in the following applications: (i) EMI/RFI shielding, i.e.,
electromagnetic and/or radio frequency
interference shielding or compatibility and surface grounding therefore;
(ii) earth grounding, corona shielding,
and anti-static and/or electrostatic
discharge protection shielding; and (iii)
as thermally conductive members to
dissipate heat generated by electronic
devices.
The resale of Premier™ conductive
plastics in pellet or any other raw material form is expressly prohibited, as is
their use in any application other than
as stated above, and any such resale
or use by you or your customers shall
render any and all warranties null and
void ab initio.
You shall defend, indemnify, and hold
Parker Hannifin Corporation and its
subsidiaries (Parker) harmless from
and against any and all costs and
expenses, including attorney’s fees,
settlements, and any awards, damages,
including attorney’s fees, and costs, resulting from any claim, allegation, suit
or proceeding made or brought against
Parker arising from any prohibited use
of Premier™ conductive plastics by you
or your customers.
17. Entire Agreement/Governing Law:
The terms and conditions set forth
herein, together with any amendments,
modifications and any different terms
or conditions expressly accepted by
Seller in writing, shall constitute the
entire Agreement concerning the items
sold, and there are no oral or other
representations or agreements which
pertain thereto. This Agreement shall
be governed in all respects by the law of
the State of Ohio. No actions arising out
of the sale of the items sold hereunder
or this Agreement may be brought by
either party more than two (2) years
after the cause of action accrues.
52
Parker Hannifin plc
Conditions of Sale
(Practice Note: These terms are not
suitable for use in other countries unless Parker Hannifin Plc is the Seller)
(as of March, 08 2005)
Goods sold under these conditions are
subject to retention of title - Condition
10
1. DEFINITIONS
In these Conditions:
“the Company” means Parker Hannifin plc including all divisions and
businesses thereof and any subsidiary
undertaking thereof (as defined in Sections 258 and 259 Companies Act 1985
as amended);
“Conditions” means the Standard Conditions of Sale set out in this document
together with any special terms agreed
in writing between the Company and the
Buyer;
“Contract” means any contract between
the Company and the Buyer for the sale
and purchase of the Goods formed in
accordance with Condition 2;
“the Buyer” means any company, firm
or individual or agent thereof to whom
the Company’s quotation or acknowledgement of order is addressed;
“the Goods” means the products
(including any parts or accessories),
materials and/or services to be supplied
by the Company.
2. APPLICABILITY OF CONDITIONS
The Company concludes Contracts
for the supply of Goods subject only to
these Conditions. The Buyer accepts
that these Conditions shall govern
relations between himself and the
Company to the exclusion of any other
terms and conditions including, without
limitation, conditions and warranties
written or oral express or implied even
if contained in any of the Buyer’s documents which purport to provide that the
Buyer’s own terms and conditions shall
prevail. No variation or qualification of
these Conditions or of any quotation
or Contract arising herefrom shall be
valid unless agreed in writing by the
Secretary or a Director of the Company
or other person duly authorised by the
Board of Directors of the Company.
Chomerics
3. QUOTATIONS
The Company’s quotations are given
without commitment and no Contract
between the Company and the Buyer
shall arise unless and until the Company has accepted in writing the Buyer’s
order placed on the Company’s quotation. Quotations shall be valid for a
period of 30 days from the date of issue,
or (if different) the period specified with
the quotation itself.
4. REPRESENTATIONS
No employee of the Company other
than the Secretary or a Director of the
Company is authorised to make any
statement or representations as to the
Goods, save that this restriction shall
not apply to any notice or statement
containing a warning or restriction of
use (“Warnings”) which may be provided
in connection with the Goods. Subject
to such Warnings, the Buyer, therefore,
shall not be entitled to rely or to seek to
rely upon any statement or representation made by an employee or agent of
the Company other than the Secretary
or a Director.
5. PRICES
(i). Subject to Condition 3, prices contained in a quotation price list catalogue
and similar matter shall be based upon
current costs ruling at the date thereof
and are for guidance only. Subject to the
later provisions of this Condition 5 the
contract price shall be the price current
at the date of delivery of the goods and/
or when services are performed as the
case may be.
(ii). Where firm prices are agreed (including without limitation any quotation
where the price is fixed pursuant to
Condition 3) the prices will remain firm
provided that full information permitting
manufacture to proceed is received by
the Company promptly after acknowledgement of the order by the Company,
and further provided the Buyer takes
delivery of the order when ready. If
delivery of the order or any part thereof
is delayed at the ‘Buyer’s request or
through the Buyer’s failure to provide
the full information mentioned above,
the Company reserves the right to
amend the price of the undelivered portion to the Company’s price list prevailing at the date when delivery is made.
(iii). Where a quotation is given dependent on information supplied by the
Buyer, the Buyer will be responsible
for the accuracy of the information
given, and for the supply of all relevant
particulars. Any increased cost incurred
either during or after manufacture resulting from any inaccuracy or omission
shall be borne by the Buyer alone and
shall be paid promptly, and independently of the main contract price.
(iv). Unless otherwise stated prices do
not include VAT which will be chargeable at the date of despatch and/or
performance of services as the case
may be.
6. DESPATCH AND DELIVERY
(i). Delivery shall be deemed to occur and the risk of loss or damage of
any kind in the Goods shall pass to the
Buyer on whichever of the following
events occur earlier.
(a) collection by or on behalf of the
Buyer or by a carrier for despatch to the
Buyer (whether or not such carrier be
the Company’s agent or servant)
(b) 14 days from the date of notice given
by the Company that the Goods are
ready for collection or despatch.
(ii). In the event that the Company shall
at the specific request of the Buyer
store the Goods or arrange for the
Goods to be despatched or dealt with
otherwise than by collection by the
Buyer then the Buyer shall pay to the
Company any reasonable charges made
in the Company’s absolute discretion for
the provision or procurement of such
services. Any such services provided
by the Company shall be performed
subject to these Conditions. In the event
that such services are to be provided
by a carrier or other third party then
the Company shall in arranging for the
provision of the same act only as the
agent of the Buyer and the Buyer shall
indemnify the Company against any
cost, charge liability or expense (including demurrage) thereby incurred by the
Company.
53
(iii). The Buyer shall carefully examine
the Goods on receipt of the same and
shall by written notice to be received by
the Company within 21 days of receipt
of the Goods notify the Company of
any short delivery, over delivery or any
defects reasonably discoverable on
careful examination. In the absence of
receipt of such notice, then subject only
to Condition 11, the Company shall be
discharged from all liability in respect of
such defects or short or over delivery.
titled to deliver Goods by single delivery
or by instalments at its option.
(iv). If the Buyer neglects to serve notice
under sub Condition (iii) above of any
over delivery then the Company may at
its option either repossess the excess
Goods or invoice them and be paid
forthwith by the Buyer for the excess
Goods at the price ruling at the date of
delivery.
(iii). In the event that the Goods shall
not have been collected by or on behalf
of the Buyer or by a carrier for despatch to the Buyer within 14 days of the
Company’s written notice pursuant to
Condition 6 (i) (b) hereof then the Company may at any time thereafter send to
the Buyer a further notice notifying the
Buyer of the Company’s intention to sell
the same after the expiration of a period
of not less than 7 days from the date
of the notice and any such sale by the
Company may be on a forced sale basis.
The Buyer shall be liable for the Company’s charges and expenses for the
sale and for the storage of the Goods
(which shall be at the risk of the Buyer)
pending their sale hereunder or delivery
to the Buyer. The Company shall charge
all costs incurred on a weekly basis for
storage.
7. TIME FOR AND FORM OF DELIVERY
(i). The Company will use reasonable
commercial endeavours to deliver the
Goods and to perform services in accordance with any time stated in the
contract but time of delivery or performance shall not be of the essence to
the contract. Any such times are stated
by way of general information only and
in the event of failure to despatch or
deliver or perform within such times for
any cause (whether within or) outside
the Company’s reasonable control, the
same shall not be a breach or repudiation of the contract nor shall the
Company have any liability to the Buyer
for any direct, indirect or consequential
loss (all three of which terms include
without limitation pure economic loss,
loss of profits, loss of business, depletion of goodwill and like loss) however
caused (including as a result of negligence) by delay or failure in delivery
except as set out in this Condition 7(i).
Any delay or failure in delivery will not
entitle the Buyer to cancel the order
unless and until the Buyer has given
60 days’ written notice to the Company
requiring delivery to be made and the
Company has not fulfilled delivery
within that time. If the Buyer then cancels the order:
(a) the Company will refund the Buyer
any sums the Buyer has paid to the
Company in respect of that cancelled
order; and
(b) the Buyer will be under no liability to
make any payments in respect of that
cancelled order.
(ii). (a) If the Contract does not otherwise provide the Company shall be en-
Chomerics
(b) If the Contract provides for delivery by instalments or the Company so
elects each instalment shall be deemed
to be the subject of a separate contract on these conditions and without
prejudice to sub-paragraph (i) hereof
non-delivery or delay in delivery shall
not affect the balance of the contract
nor entitle the Buyer to terminate the
same.
8. PERFORMANCE PREVENTED OR
HINDERED
The Company shall not be liable for any
delay of failure in carrying out its obligations which is caused wholly or partly
by reason of act of God, delay in transportation, labour disputes, fire, flood,
war, accident, Government action, inability to obtain adequate labour, materials, manufacturing facilities or energy,
or any other cause beyond the Company’s control or that of its servants or
agents, and if the delay or failure has
continued for a period of 3 months then
either party may give notice in writing to
the other determining the contract and
on such termination the Company shall
refund to the Buyer the price of the
Goods or any part thereof already paid
to the Company after deduction of any
amount due to the Company including
any amount under Condition 17 hereof.
9. PAYMENT
(i). Unless expressly agreed in writing
payment shall be made in sterling in
cleared funds without any deduction
set-off, restriction condition or deferment on account of any disputes or
cross claims or present or future taxes,
levies, duties or charges whatsoever
(unless and to the extent the Buyer is
required by law to make such deduction) on or before the last day of the
month following the month of the invoice for the Goods. Where full payment
is not received by the due date interest
shall accrue on the sum outstanding
at the rate of 3% per annum above the
base rate of Lloyds Bank plc (as varied
from time to time) calculated on a daily
basis but without prejudice to the Company’s rights to receive payments on the
due dates.
(ii). Time for payment shall be of the
essence and in the event of delay or
default in any payment for more than
7 days, the Company shall be entitled
to suspend deliveries of Goods (being
those Goods the subject of the default
and any other Goods the subject of any
agreed order) and/or treat the Contract
(and any other Contract between the
Company and the Buyer) as repudiated
and/or re sell any of the Goods in its
possession and be indemnified by the
Buyer for any loss thereby incurred.
(iii). All sums payable to the Company
under the Contract will become due
immediately on termination of the
Contract.
(iv). The Buyer shall pay for any samples, sale or return, loan or demonstration goods and/or materials, including
drawings, plans, specifications etc. not
returned within one month from the
date of receipt by the Buyer unless a
different period for the return of such
goods and/or materials is agreed between the Company and the Buyer.
10. PROPERTY IN GOODS
(i) The Company shall retain absolute
ownership of the property in the Goods
which shall not pass to the Buyer and
the Buyer shall keep and retain the
Goods as bailee for and on behalf of
the Company and shall deliver up the
Goods to the Company at the Company’s
request until the Company has received
full payment of the price of the Goods
and full payment of any other sums
whatsoever which are outstanding from
the Buyer to the Company whether or
not due and owing, and until such time
the Buyer:
(a) shall insure the Goods against the
usual risks with an insurance office of
repute;
(b) shall store separately the Goods
or in some other way ensure that the
Goods are readily identifiable as the
property of the Company;
54
(c) irrevocably authorises the representatives of the Company at any time
in circumstances where the provisions
of Condition 19 may apply to enter the
Buyer’s premises where the Goods are
or are thought by the Company to be
stored for the purpose of repossessing
the Goods;
(d) shall keep and retain the Goods free
from any charge lien or other encumbrance thereon.
(ii). Provided always that no circumstances have arisen where the provisions of Condition 17 may apply the
Buyer shall be entitled to offer for
sale and sell the Goods in the ordinary
course of business as principal and not
as agent at the best obtainable price,
and shall be a sale of the Company’s
property on the Buyer’s own behalf
and the Buyer will deal as principal in
respect of such sale. Notwithstanding
the other provisions of the Contract,
payment shall become due (unless payment has already become due or been
paid) when the Buyer receives payment
upon its own sale of the Goods (or other
items incorporating the Goods).
(iii). If the Buyer incorporates any Goods
within other equipment or products
provided that the Goods remain readily
identifiable and a removable part of
such other equipment or products the
provisions of Condition 10(i) shall apply.
(iv). If the provisions of Condition 10(iii)
apply the Buyer shall store separately
the other equipment or products incorporating the Goods and shall notify
the Company of the precise location
and position thereof. The provisions of
Condition 10(ii) hereof shall apply mutatis mutandis in respect of the Goods
contained within such other equipment
or products owned by the Company.
(v). The Company shall be entitled to
exercise a general lien or right of retention on all goods or any parts thereof
in the Company’s possession which
are the Buyer’s property for any sums
whatsoever due to the Company and
pursuant to such lien or right the Company shall be entitled without notice to
the Buyer to sell all or any part of such
Goods or part thereof privately or by
auction or otherwise and to keep the
proceeds of sale in diminution of such
sums and of all costs and expenses
incurred by the Company in effecting
the said sales.
11. WARRANTY AND LIMITATION
OF LIABILITY
Chomerics
(i). The Company warrants that products, parts or materials manufactured
by it will be of good materials and workmanship and that reasonable care will
be employed in assembling or incorporating items not manufactured by it and
in performing services so that upon the
Buyer giving written notice to the Company that Goods have not been supplied
or services performed as aforesaid if
the same be established the Company
will at its own expense at its option
replace or repair such defective goods
or remedy such defaults in service.
The warranty obligation shall not apply
where the Goods have been tampered
with, improperly altered, repaired or
maintained, installed or connected or
subject to misuse (in each case other
than as a result of the Company’s own
acts or omissions). The Buyer shall at
its own cost return the Goods to the
Company for inspection.
(ii). The same term shall apply mutatis
mutandis in respect of such replacement, repair or remedial services.
(iii). The above warranty shall apply in
respect of matters whereof the Buyer
gives written notice within 12 months
of delivery or 6 months from installation (whichever is the shorter period)
or within 12 months of performance or
of replacement repair or remedial services respectively after which any claim
in respect thereof shall be absolutely
barred (subject to the other provisions
of this Condition 11).
(iv) . The Company does not exclude its
liability (if any) to the Buyer:
(a) for breach of the Company’s obligations arising under Section 12 Sale of
Goods Act 1979 or Section 2 Supply of
Goods and Services Act 1982;
(b) for personal injury or death resulting
from the Company’s negligence;
(c) under section 2(3) Consumer Protection Act 1987;
(d) for any matter which it would be
illegal for the Company to exclude or to
attempt to exclude its liability; or
business, depletion of goodwill and like
loss) howsoever caused arising out of or
in connection with:
(a) any of the Goods, or the manufacture
or sale or supply, or failure or delay in
supply, of the Goods or performance
or failure or delay in performance of
services by the Company or on the part
of the Company’s employees, agents or
sub-contractors;
(b) any breach by the Company of any
of the express or implied terms of the
Contract;
(c) any use made or resale by the Buyer
of any of the Goods, or of any product
incorporating any of the Goods;
(d) any statement made or not made,
or advice given or not given, by or on
behalf of the Company.
(vi). Except as set out in Conditions 7(i)
and 11(i) to (iv), the Company excludes
to the fullest extent permissible by law
all conditions, warranties and stipulations, express (other than those set out
in the Contract) or implied, statutory,
customary or otherwise which, but for
such exclusion, would or might subsist
in favour of the Buyer.
(vii) Each of the Company’s employees,
agents and subcontractors may rely
upon and enforce the exclusions and
restrictions of liability in Conditions 7(i)
and 11(iv) to (vi) in that person’s own
name and for that person’s own benefit
as if the words “its employees, agents
and subcontractors” followed “Company” where it appears in those Conditions (save for Condition 11(v)(a)).
(viii). Without prejudice to the foregoing
if called upon so to do by the Buyer in
writing the Company shall use its best
endeavours to assign to the Buyer the
benefits of any warranty, guarantee, indemnity, claim, privilege or other rights
which the Company may have in regard
to manufacturers or suppliers of any
goods not manufactured by the Company in relation to the quality, condition
or description of such goods.
(e) for fraud.
12. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
(v). Except as provided in Conditions 7(i)
and 11(i) to (iv), the Company will be
under no liability to the Buyer whatsoever (whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory
duty, restitution or otherwise) for any
injury, death, damage or direct, indirect
or consequential loss (all three of which
terms include, without limitation, pure
economic loss, loss of profits, loss of
(ii) The Buyer undertakes that all necessary steps will be taken to ensure that
the Goods will be safe and without risk
to health when properly used in ac-
(i) The Company supplies with the
Goods adequate information as to their
design and conditions of the instructions for operation for compliance with
its obligations under Section 6 (1) (c) of
the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.
55
cordance with Section 6 (8) of the Health
and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974.
13. DRAWINGS, SPECIFICATIONS
ETC.
(i) All descriptions, drawings, illustrations, particulars of weights and
measures rating standard statements
or details or specifications or other
descriptive matter, whether or not
contained in the contract document, are
approximate only. The Goods will be in
accordance with the Company’s specifications at the time of manufacture
and any earlier specifications drawings,
descriptions, illustrations, particulars
as to weights and measures rating
standard statements or details shall not
form part of the description of the parts
or services supplied or to be supplied
so that the Company shall not be under
any liability in respect thereof.
(ii) Where Goods are supplied by the
Company to the Buyer in accordance
with the Buyer’s design or specification or where the Company shall design
items not within the standard range of
products at the Buyer’s request no warranty is given or implied as to the suitability of such goods or items unless the
Buyer has made the Company aware
of the particular purpose for which the
Buyer is proposing to use the goods or
items in which case Condition 11 shall
apply. The Company shall be entitled to
charge a fee for any research or design
undertaken in connection with the supply of Goods not within their standard
range of products.
14. INSPECTION AND TESTING
The Company undertakes inspection of
all Goods prior to delivery and where
practicable submits to standard tests at
the Company’s premises Special tests
or standard tests in the presence of the
Buyer or his representative may be undertaken by the Company at the request
and expense of the Buyer but unless
otherwise agreed such tests shall be
conducted at the Company’s premises.
15. INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY
RIGHTS
(i) All intellectual property rights subsisting in or relating to any calculations,
data, specifications, designs, drawings, papers, documents, procedures,
techniques, acceptance, maintenance
and other tests special and recommended parts and other equipment
and any other material and information
whatsoever given to the Buyer by the
Company in connection with the supply
Chomerics
of the Goods by the Company to the
Buyer or otherwise are vested in the
Company. The Buyer will not whether by
itself its officers servants agents or any
of them or otherwise howsoever copy or
reproduce any such items or material in
whole or in part nor will it disclose any
such information in whole or in part to
any third party. Further the Company
shall be entitled to the ownership of all
intellectual property rights subsisting
in or relating to any calculations, data,
specifications, designs, drawings, papers, documents or other items material or information conceived originated
developed or produced by the Company
for the Buyer pursuant to the contract
for the supply of Goods.
(ii) The Buyer shall not at any time for
any reason whatsoever disclose or
permit to be disclosed to any person or
persons whatsoever or otherwise make
use of or permit to be made use of
any trade secrets or other confidential
information relating to the equipment
technology business affairs or finances
of the Company or any associated Company or organisation of the Company
or relating to the Company’s agents
distributors licensees or other customers or in respect of any of their dealings
or transactions.
(iii) The Buyer shall not seek to apply
or apply to register in its own name any
of the Company’s intellectual property
rights and in particular those subsisting in or relating to the Goods or a part
thereof nor shall it represent in any way
that it has any right or title to the ownership of any such intellectual property
rights nor shall it do any act or thing
which might be contrary to the interest
or rights of the Company in such rights
and in particular challenge the ownership or validity of such rights.
(iv) The Buyer at its own expense shall
do all such acts and things and shall
sign and execute all such deeds and
documents as the Company in its sole
discretion may require in connection
with any steps or proceedings taken by
the Company to restrain the infringement of it intellectual property rights.
(v) The Buyer undertakes and agrees
that the use of any of its calculations,
data, specifications, designs, drawings, papers, documents, procedures,
techniques, acceptance, maintenance
and other tests special and recommended parts and other equipment and
other material and information by the
company when manufacturing and supplying the Goods will not infringe any
intellectual property rights of a third
party and shall indemnify the Company
in respect of any such infringement.
(vi) The Buyer shall not alter or remove
any trade mark of the Company which
has been applied to the Goods nor apply
any other trade mark to the Goods nor
make any alteration to their packaging
and get up.
(vii) The provisions of this Condition 15
shall survive the expiry or termination
of any Contract for whatever reason.
16. SUB CONTRACTING
The Company shall be entitled to sub
contract all or any of its obligations
hereunder.
17. DETERMINATION
If the Buyer shall make default in or
commit a breach of the contract or of
any of his obligations to the Company
or if any distress or execution shall
be levied upon the Buyer’s property
or assets, or if the Buyer shall make
or offer to make any arrangement or
composition with creditors or commit
any act of bankruptcy, or if any petition
or receiving order in bankruptcy shall
be presented or made against him, or
if the Buyer is a limited company and
any resolution or petition to wind up
such company’s business (other than
for the purpose of a solvent amalgamation or reconstruction) shall be
passed or presented, or if a receiver
of such company’s undertaking property or assets or any part thereof shall
be appointed the Company shall have
the right forthwith to determine any
Contract then subsisting and upon
written notice of such determination
being given to the Buyer any subsisting
Contracts shall be deemed to have been
determined and the Company shall be
entitled to recover from the Buyer all
losses thereby arising including but not
limited to those under Condition 18 of
these Conditions or otherwise.
18. PARTIAL COMPLETION
In the case of partial completion of an
order by reason of any of the events
referred to in Conditions 8 or 17 the
Company shall be entitled to a quantum
meruit in respect of all work done by
it including labour costs and materials
and any charges or expenses which the
Company is committed to pay sub contractors or third parties without prejudice to its rights should non completion
be occasioned by the Buyer.
56
19. NOTICES
Unless otherwise provided in writing
any written communication or notice
under the Contract shall be made or
given by sending the same by ordinary
prepaid first class letter post in the case
of the Company to its current address
and in the case of the Buyer to its last
known address and if so sent shall be
deemed to be made or given two days
after the date when posted.
20. WAIVER
Any failure by the Company to enforce
any or all these Conditions shall not
be construed as a waiver of any of the
Company’s rights.
Chomerics
21. CONTRACTS (RIGHTS OF THIRD
PARTIES) ACT
The parties to the Contract do not
intend that any of its terms will be
enforceable by virtue of the Contracts
(Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 by any
person not a party to it.
22. LAW AND INTERPRETATION
The Contract shall be governed by
English law and the Buyer shall submit
to the non exclusive jurisdiction of the
English Courts. If any of these Conditions or any part thereof is rendered
void or unenforceable by any legislation
to which it is subject or by any rule of
law it shall be void or unenforceable to
that extent and no further.
57
Chomerics Capabilities Include:
THERMAL MANAGEMENT & CONTROL
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Thermally conductive gap filler pads
Dispensed thermal gap fillers
Silicone-free thermal pads
Phase-change materials (PCM)
Polymer solder hybrids (PSH)
Dispensable thermal compounds
Thermal grease and gels
Insulator pads
Thin flexible heat spreaders
Custom integrated thermal/EMI assemblies
EMI SHIELDING & COMPLIANCE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Conductive elastomers – molded, extruded, and form-in-place (FIP)
Conductive foam based gaskets – fabric-over-foam and z-axis foam
Conductive compounds – adhesives, sealants and caulks
RF and thermal/RF absorbing materials
EMI shielding plastics and injection molding services
Coatings – direct metallization and conductive paints
Metal gaskets – Springfingers, metal mesh and combination gaskets
Foil laminates and conductive tapes
EMI shielding vents – commercial and military honeycomb vents
Shielded optical windows
Cable shielding – ferrites and heat-shrink tubing/wire mesh tape/zippered cable shielding
Compliance and safety test services
OPTICAL DISPLAY PRODUCTS
• EMI shielding filters
(conductive coating & wire mesh)
• Ant-reflective/contrast enhancement filters
• Plastic or glass laminations
• Hard coated lens protectors
• Touch screen lenses
About Parker Hannifin Corporation
With annual sales exceeding $12 billion, Parker Hannifin is the world’s leading diversified manufacturer of motion and control technologies and systems, providing precision-engineered solutions for a wide variety of commercial, mobile, industrial and aerospace markets. The company
employs more than 61,000 people in 48 countries around the world. Parker has increased its annual dividends paid to shareholders for 52 consecutive years, among the top five longest-running
dividend-increase records in the S&P 500 index. For more information, visit the company’s web
site at http://www.parker.com, or its investor information site at http://www.phstock.com.
Chomerics
Chomerics Worldwide
North America
Division Headquarters
Woburn, MA
phone +1 781-935-4850
fax +1 781-933-4318
[email protected]
Cranford, NJ
phone +1 908-272-5500
fax +1 908-272-2741
Millville, NJ
phone +1 856-825-8900
Fax +1 856-825-8969
Europe
Asia Pacific
High Wycombe, UK
phone +44 1494 455400
fax +44 1494 455466
[email protected]
Hong Kong
phone +852 2428 8008
fax +852 2786 3446
[email protected]
Grantham, UK
phone +44 1476 590600
fax +44 1476 591600
Beijing
phone +86 10 6788 4650
fax +86 10 6788 4649
Saint Ouen l’Aumône, France
phone +33 1 34 32 39 00
fax +33 1 34 32 58 00
Shanghai
phone +8621 2899 5000
fax +8621 2899 5146
Fairport, NY
phone +1 585-425-7000
Fax +1 585-425-7238
South America
Sao Paulo Brazil
phone +55 11 4195 0444
fax +55 11 4195 7580
Shenzhen
phone +86 755 8974 8558
fax +86 755 8974 8560
Tokyo, Japan
phone +81 3 6408 2369
fax +81 3 5449 7202
Additional facilities:
Hudson, NH; Guadalajara & Monterrey, Mexico; Oulu, Finland; Sadska, Czech Republic; Tianjin, China; Chennai, India.
www.chomerics.com
www.parker.com/chomerics
CHOMERICS, CHO-FORM, THERMATTACH, THERMFLOW, and T-WING are registered trademarks of Parker Hannifin Corporation.
C-WING, THERM-A-FORM, and THERM-A-GAP are trademarks of Parker Hannifin Corporation. Other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
© 2008 Parker Hannifin Corporation. All rights reserved.
Literature Number: THERM CAT 1001 EN Rev D. Sept. 2008
HPS 7.5M
Chomerics
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