Noise cancellation headset

Noise cancellation headset
lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
US005182774A
United States Patent [191
[11]
[45]
Bourk
[54] NOISE CANCELLATION HEADSET
[75] Inventor:
Terrance R. Bourk, San Diego, Calif.
[73] Assignee: Telex Communications, Inc.,
Date of Patent:
5,182,774
Jan. 26, 1993
tion,” National Technical Information Service, US.
Department of Commerce, Apr., 1975, pp. 86-87
117—119.
Primary Examiner-—Curtis Kuntz
Assistant Examiner-William Cumming
Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Fredrikson & Byron
Minneapolis, Minn.
[21] Appl. No.: 555,990
[22] Filed:
Patent Number:
Jul. 20, 1990
[57]
ABSTRACT
[51]
Int. Cl.5 ...................... .. A61F 11/06; H04R 1/10;
A headset for acoustic reproduction of an electronic
H04R 25/00; H04M 1/00
signal which electronic signal is representative of the
[52]
US. Cl. ...................................... .. 381/71; 381/72;
summation of a desired audio signal and an anti-noise
signal. The headset includes a headband, an earcup
mounted to the headband, a driver mounted within the
381/74; 381/183; 381/187; 379/430
[58]
Field of Search ..................... .. 379/419, 428, 430;
[56]
381/71, 72, 74, 96, 150, 182, 183, 187
References Cited
2/1961
3,629,521 12/1971
Hawley et al. ..................... .. 381/71
Puharich et al. .... ..
.. 381/187
4,087,653
5/1978 Frieder, Jr. et al. ..
379/430
4,455,675
6/1984
Bose ct al. ....... ..
381/74
4,644,581 2/1987 Sapiejewski
4,654,871
3/1987 Chaplin et a1.
4,953,217
8/1990 Twiney et al.
381/183
.
open face is pointing towards the driver. If the driver is
provided with an inner dome portion and an outer annu
3/1987 European Pat. Off. ............ .. 381/71
3/1988 Fed. Rep. of Germany .... .. 381/183
0066294
4/1984
............................... .. 379/430
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Radio Shack, “1990 Catalog”, pp. 36,37 Dec., 1989.
Olson, Harry F., “Acoustical Engineering,” pp.
414-419.
Dallosta, Patrick Michael, “A Study of Proposed Ear
Protection Devices for Low Frequency Noise Attenua
‘l7
m:
mm
m
+
56
56
we ama/r
driver. The microphone is oriented so that its vented or
381/72
0212840
3719963
mm:
smut
earcup cavity, means for generating the anti-noise signal
from the microphone signal, and a positioning member
for mounting the microphone to the earcup in a position
so that the microphone is acoustically coupled to the
381/72
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
Japan
electronic signal, a directional microphone which de
tects and transduces the acoustical pressure within the
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2,972,018
‘earcup which receives and acoustically reproduces the
lus portion the microphone is positioned by its attach
ment to a grille plate extending across the driver, the
microphone being mounted to the grille plate on a side
opposite the driver. The grille plate includes a plurality
of apertures, at least one of which is positioned proxi
mate the center of the driver with the microphone
mounted across that aperture so that the microphone is
acoustically coupled to the dome portion and acousti
cally isolated from the outer annulus portion.
23 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets
US. Patent
Jan. 26, 1993
gig- 1
Sheet 1 of 3
5,182,774
US. Patent
Jan. 26, 1993
Sheet 2 of 3
/6
5,182,774
US. Patent
Jan. 26, 1993
Sheet 3 of3
5,182,774 _
1
5,182,774
2
quently, when acoustically reproduced, the noise com
ponent of the microphone signal tends to acoustically
cancel external noise present in the cavity.
NOISE CANCELLATION HEADSET
Another closed loop system can be found in the re
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates generally to the ?eld of
headsets, and more particularly to headsets which pro
vide for the cancellation of noise during operation.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Voice communication between people or with one
person located in an environment having signi?cant
background or ambient noise can be dif?cult, and bur
densome-in some cases even dangerous if miscommu
nication occurs. Additionally, working in such an envi
port AD-A0O9 274 entitled A STUDY OF PRO
POSED EAR PROTECTION DEVICES FOR LOW
FREQUENCY NOISE ATTENUATION by P. M.
Dallosta dated April, 1975 at pages 86, 87 and 117-119.
The report depicts a microphone within an earcup for
use in a cancellation circuit. The cancellation circuit is
shown at pages 117-119 to sum the communications
signal with the microphone signal after the microphone
signal has been provided proper gain and phase shift for
optimum cancellation. The resultant summed signal is
if there is no shielding of the worker from the noise. As
ampli?ed and supplied to the headset.
As indicated above, U.K. Patent Application No.
a result of this need to communicate or to shield work
2,104,745 also discloses closed loop components._ Spe
ronment can become impossible in some circumstances
ci?cally, a microphone is said to be provided closely
adjacent a speaker in a headset earphone. The signal
It has been stated that a typical approach for noise
from the microphone is fed back to an “adaptive means”
attenuation or shielding in the workplace is to provide
which in turn utilizes the microphone signal and the
workers with headsets having high mass, large internal
previously described open loop signal to generate a
volume and a spring support that exerts heavy pressure
cancellation signal. When the cancellation signal is re
upon the head, i.e. forces the earcup against the head of
produced by the speaker, it is said that the noise ?eld is
25
the wearer. The high mass and heavy pressure operate
nulled except for certain desired sounds. It is also indi
to create a seal with the wearer’s head which in turn
cated that the microphone signal could be used in a
serves to attenuate low frequency noise while the large
direct feed-back system for attenuating mid-band fre
ers from excessive ambient noise, various devices have
been developed.
internal volume provides so-called high frequency roll
off. The problem with such a passive noise attenuation
approach was said to be the discomfort associated with
the wearing of such devices.
~
Other previously described headsets utilized an ac
tive noise attenuation approach, wherein a cancellation
or anti-noise signal is generated and added to the signal
being applied to the headset. Upon being acoustically
reproduced, the anti-noise component tends to cancel
the background or ambient noise within the region
around the ear. Such prior active attenuation techniques
are generally of two types, so-called open loop headset
systems and closed loop headset systems.
An example of a headset system incorporating open
loop components can be found in UK. Patent Applica
tion Nol 2,104,754 A - Chaplin, published Mar. 9, 1983,
quencies.
US. Pat. No. 4,455,675 - Bose et a1. discloses a closed
loop headset system wherein a microphone is mounted
coaxially with a driver in a headphone. The open or
vented region of the microphone is directed away from
the driver and towards the ear canal. The signal gener
ated by the microphone is combined with the signal
desired to be reproduced by the driver. Prior to provid
ing the combined signal to the driver, the combined
signal is said to be processed by passing it through a
compressor to limit the level of high level signals and
thereafter it is applied to a compensator to ensure that
the open loop gain meets the so-called Nyquist stability
criteria to prevent system oscillation.
Somewhat related US. Pat. No. 4,644,581 - Sapiejew
ski discloses a closed loop headset system similar in
or frequency, which in turn is used by a waveform 45 design to that shown in Us. Pat. No. 4,455,675 except
for two (2) features. Damping material has been posi
generator to generate a cancellation signal. The closed
tioned to cover the headphone cavity which contains
loop components depicted in this UK. application will
the driver. Also, instead of orienting the microphone
be discussed more fully below. The problems associated
with open loop headset systems are ?rst, they may be ' coaxially with the driver and directing the open or
.vented microphone face towards the ear canal, the mi
limited to only cancelling certain background noise and
crophone is located off-set from the driver axis and
second, it is difficult to take passive headset attenuation
oriented so that its diaphragm is perpendicular to a
into account. Closed loop headset systems, however, do
plane containing the driver diaphragm, i.e. the open or
account for passive attenuation and tend to cancel all
vented face is directed perpendicular to the driver axis.
background noise.
An early closed loop headset system can be found in 55 The perpendicular orientation is said to result in in
creased bandwidth of the closed loop and the off-set
Olson, PL, Acoustical Engineering, Van Nostrand, New
location is said to reduce peaks in frequency response at
York 1957, pps. 415-418. Subsection C, Headphone
the high end.
Type Noise Reducer, describes a headset wherein a
wherein a sensor is used to detect a repetitive noise rate
microphone has been placed in an earcup closely adja
cent to a diaphragm for the purpose of providing noise
reduction. The microphone senses the pressure in the
cavity formed by the earcup on the ear and provides a
The problem which remains despite these prior open
and closed loop headset systems, is that phase lag, par
ticularly at high frequencies, has not been minimized.
Such phase lag can occur as a result of several factors,
one of which is the propagation delay associated with
feedback signal representative of such pressure. It is
the distance between the microphone and driver.
understood that the pressure in the cavity is re?ective of
not only the acoustic reproductions of the driver but 65
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
also external noise which has penetrated the earcup.
The microphone signal can be used to cancel or null the
The above described problems are overcome by a
external noise by shifting the phase of the signal. Conse
headset for acoustic production of an electronic signal
3
5,182,774
which electronic signal is representative of either an
anti-noise signal or the summation of a desired audio
signal and an anti-noise signal. The headset includes a
headband, an earcup mounted to the headband, a driver
mounted within the earcup which receives and acousti
4
2 and 3, microphone 18 is positioned in relation to
driver 16 so that it is acoustically closely coupled
thereto. Grille plate 22 is attached to earcup 14 and
extends across the front face of driver 16. In the pre
ferred embodiment, microphone 18 is a standard elec
cally reproduces the electronic signal, a microphone
tret microphone such as a Knowles 1759.
which detects and transduces a total acoustic pressure
As indicated above, the signal generated by micro
phone 18 is provided to electronic circuit 24, at input
within the earcup, means for generating the anti-noise
signal from the microphone signal, and a positioning
member for mounting the microphone to the earcup in
a position so that the microphone is acoustically closely
coupled to the driver. The microphone is oriented so
signal provided at input 28, and generates a modi?ed
signal for acoustical reproduction by the headset. The
that its vented or open face is pointing towards the
driver. Preferably the microphone is mounted so that its
diaphragm is as close as possible to the speaker dia
phragm, and preferably as close as possible to that por
tion of the speaker with the best HF performance (so as
audio signal (if any) and an anti-noise signal that is gen
erated based on the signal obtained from microphone
18. The modi?ed signal is thereafter provided to driver
16. Since the anti-noise signal is added to the original
audio signal, a portion of the modi?ed signal repro
26. Electronic circuit 24 processes the desired audio
modi?ed signal is generated by summing the original
duced by driver 16 will have the effect or tendency to
to result in low phase lag). Preferably, also, the position
cancel or null background noise in the earcup cavity;
of the microphone isolates it as much as possible from
out of phase acoustic re?ections and mechanical stand 20 also, if the frequency response of the microphone is
relatively linear the microphone may detect distortion
ing waves. In a Particularly preferred embodiment, if
caused by the speaker as noise and effectively reduce or
the driver is provided with an inner dome portion and
cancel such distortion as well. As will be more particu
an outer annulus portion the microphone is positioned
larly described in relation to FIG. 4, the modi?ed signal
by its attachment to a grille plate extending across the
driver, and the microphone is mounted to the grille 25 may be passed through a plurality of cascaded ?lters for
accentuating a desired frequency range prior to being
plate on a side opposite the driver. The grille plate
includes a plurality of apertures wherein at least one
provided to driver 16.
Referring now to FIG. 2, earcup 14 is shown to have
aperture is positioned proximate the center of the
an ear cushion 30 secured to its outer edge. As will be
driver; the microphone is mounted across that aperture
so that the microphone is acoustically coupled to the
understood, the force resulting from earcup 14 being
dome portion and acoustically substantially isolated
pressed against the wearer’s head will cause cushion 30
to conform to the shape of the head thereby creating an
from the outer annulus portion.
These and other objects and advantages of the inven
acoustical seal, contributing some passive noise attenua
tion capability to the headset. Many of such cushions
tion will become more apparent from the following
detailed description when taken in conjunction with the 35 are known and any would be suitable for the purposes
following drawings.
of the present invention.
Driver 16 is shown to be generally centrally mounted
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
within earcup 14 by mounting bracket 32. In the pre
FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a headset according
ferred embodiment, the driver 16 may be secured by
suitable means such as adhesives into bracket 32; alter
to the present invention;
nately they could be integrally formed. In either case, a
FIG. 2 is a section view of the right earcup of the
headset shown in FIG. 1;
secure attachment of the bracket and driver optimizes
the so-called electrical-to-acoustical transfer function
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the earcup
and prevents front to back acoustic leaks which could
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of the circuit depicted 45 limit low frequency response. In order to control rear
generally in FIG. 1.
loading a hole 34 is provided in bracket 32 providing
?uid communication between bracket cavity 36 formed
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
between driver 16 and bracket 32 and earcup cavity 38
PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
formed between earcup 14 and bracket 32. Such rear
As will be more completely described with regard to
loading is further controlled through the attachment of
acoustical cloth 40 over hole 34. Foam overlay 42 is
the ?gures, the present invention is embodied in a new
and novel headset system shown in FIG. 1 and gener
positioned in the open end of earcup 14 to provide
ally designated 10. It will be noted that only'the right
further control of the overall phase characteristic of the
headset. Foam overlay 42 damps acoustic resonant fre
side of the headset is shown and described, since the
right and left side are mirror images of each other.
55 quencies above 1 kHz, reducingthe magnitude ?uctua
Headset 10 is shown to include headband 12, earcup
tions, keeping the phase from exhibiting a phase drop at
' shown in FIG. 2; and
14 which is mounted in any known manner to headband
12, driver 16 mounted within earcup 14 which receives
approximately 1.5 kHz, and reducing undesirable high
frequency phase variations.
and acoustically reproduces desired electronic signals,
Referring now to FIG. 3, microphone 18 is shown to
and microphone 18 having a vented face 20. Micro 60 be generally coaxially mounted with respect to driver
phone 18 generates a signal representative of the acous
(16. Microphone 18 is mounted in such a position by its
tic reproductions from driver 16 and background or
attachment to the center of grille plate 22. Grille plate
ambient noise which enters the cavity formed between
22 is provided with a number of apertures 44 spaced
earcup 14 and the wearer. Microphone 18 is attached to
about the center of grille plate 22 in any desired pattern
to optimize coupling, low delay from electrical input to
grille plate 22 by any appropriate means so that micro
phone 18 is centrally positioned over driver 16 and
mic output, and minimum acoustic/mechanical stand
wherein vented face 20 is oriented to point towards
ing waves. In a preferred embodiment the grille plate 22
has a central aperture‘ 46 which is positioned directly
driver 16. As will become apparent in relation to FIGS.
5,182,774
5
6
over the center of driver 16 when grille plate 22 is
mounted within earcup 14. Microphone 18 is mounted
of the driver 16 and external ambient noise that has
across aperture 46 so that its vented or open face 20 is
and the wearer. (In the preferred embodiment the head
set is a conventional passive noise attenuating headset;
penetrated into the cavity formed between earcup 14
Pointing through the central aperture 46. Microphone
18 is shown to be held in place by a bead of adhesive 48.
As shown in FIG. 3, driver 16 includes a coil portion
such headsets do an acceptable job at attenuating higher
portion 54. The distance between microphone 18 and
frequency noise, but are not as effective at attenuating
some strong components of, e.g., aircraft motor and
wind noise that occurs at frequencies below about 300
driver 16 is desirably less than one-quarter inch-preferably less than‘about one eighth of an inch. The
Hz.) The electric signal from the microphone 18 is am
pli?ed by mic amp 60 and provided to noise cancella
50, a central dome portion 52 and an outer annulus
larger the separation between microphone 18 and driver
20 the larger the phase lag resulting in the headset sys
tion signal processing unit 61.
The resulting noise signal is then inverted to provide
tem—-the separation must be small in comparison to the
an anti-noise signal that may be ampli?ed‘ and provided
wavelengths corresponding to frequencies of interest to
avoid excessive Phase lag. Orienting microphone 18 in
the described fashion is such that microphone 18 be
comes closely acoustically coupled to driver 16, result
to the driver to cancel the detected noise in the headset.
This cancellation is effective whether or not an addi
tional radio communication signal (or similar signal) is
also provided to the driver.
ing in a minimum phase lag. By interposing grille plate
22 between driver 16 and microphone 18 so that micro
phone 18 is pointing through central aperture 46, micro
phone 18 becomes closely coupled to dome portion 52
and substantially acoustically isolated from outer annu
lus portion 54.
20
The aggregate signal transfer characteristic of 60, 61
and 68,’ as depicted in circuit 24, can be manipulated by
_ choosing the transfer characteristic of unit 61 to provide
phase/magnitude compensation which maintain the
closed loop characteristics stable with an as large as
The importance of acoustically coupling microphone
possible open loop gain in the audio frequency range.
phase lead for signal frequencies occurring at approxi
mately 1.5 kHz. This phase lead results in the headset
system having relatively ?at phase characteristics from
signal, generated by the summation with the anti-noise
signal, may be further processed before it is ampli?ed
and presented to driver 16. The modi?ed audio signal
may be processed by its passage through a plurality of
18 to driver 16 and more particularly to dome portion 25 The compensation must deal with both low and high
frequency instabilities. To this end the modi?ed audio
52 lies in that such coupling causes a sharp 60° to 90°
about 1 kHz to about 2.3 kHz. Consequently, the phase 30
cascaded ?lters designed to accentuate a desired fre
compensation electronics can be designed relative to
the dominant headset resonance which will cause a
quency range while minimizing undesirable phase char
rapid drop in the phase characteristics. In relation to the
acteristics. The exact parameter values of each ?lter are
previously described headset system such rapid drop
dependent upon the particular driver, microphone and
occurs at some point between approximately 2.5 kHz 35 other acoustic elements chosen for a given headset sys
and 3 kHz.
'
By mounting microphone 18 to grille plate 22 on a
side opposite driver 16, microphone 18 is acoustically
substantially isolated from outer annulus portion 54.
The importance of isolation from outer portion 54 lies in
that the outer portion of the driver diaphragm will
break up into higher modes of vibration and give rise to
large phase shifts at frequencies above 1 kHz, i.e. phase
shifts of about 90° to l80°.
tern.
As shown in FIG. '4, the series of cascaded ?lters may
include a high pass ?lter 62 for ?ltering out those com
ponents of the modi?ed audio signal having frequencies
below a ?rst frequency, and a low pass ?lter 64 for
?ltering out those components of the modi?ed audio
signal having frequencies above a second frequency. In
the preferred embodiment the ?rst frequency is in a
range extending from 17 to 70 Hz and the second fre
As indicated above, the electronic signal provided to 45 quency is also in a range extending from 150 Hz to 8
kHz. It should be understood that in ?lter 62 frequency
components of the modi?ed audio signal falling below
driver 16 is generated by summing the anti-noise signal
(derived from the microphone signal) with the desired
audio signal (if any-the noise cancellation operates
whether or not any such audio signal is provided). As
shown in FIG. 4, the desired audio signal from a com
munications radio 56 or similar source is provided to
one of the positive inputs of summing circuit 58. The
signal detected at the microphone 18 is passed through
17 Hz will be attenuated by a ?xed amount and that
attenuation of the modi?ed audio signal will decrease
linearly for frequency components falling between 17
Hz to 70 Hz at which no attenuation takes place. Simi
larly, in ?lter 64 frequency components of the modi?ed
audio signal falling above 8 kHz will be attenuated by a
mic amp 60, passed to a noise cancellation signal pro
?xed amount and that attenuation of the modi?ed audio
cessing unit 61 (described below), and then inverted to 55
signal
increases linearly for frequency components fall
create the anti-noise signal which is applied to the other
ing
between
150 Hz and 8 kHz at which maximum
positive input of summing circuit 58 (alternately, the
attenuation
takes
place. The 8 kHz value, a so-called
signal may merely be inverted by providing it to a nega
pole, was chosen for the preferred embodiment to mini
tive input of the summing circuit).
The ampli?er 60 and equivalent components in the 60 mize phase lag around the frequency of 2.5 kHz.
The series of ' ?lters may also include‘a mid-range
communications radio 56 may be adjusted with respect
?lter 66 for providing additional attenuation to those
to one another to set the relative levels of the desired
components of the modi?ed audio signal having fre
audio and anti-noise signals..A standard microphone 63
quencies falling between a third and fourth frequency.
may also be provided on the headset to receive and
transmit speech of the headset wearer to the communi 65 In the preferred embodiment, the third frequency is 600
Hz and the fourth frequency is 1200 Hz. The centering
cations ‘radio 56.
of this range at 850 Hz provides a second order roll-off
The total acoustic pressure transduced by the earcup
in a range where some phase lag can be tolerated.
microphone 18 is a combination of the acoustic output
7
5,182,774
8
9. The headset of claim 1, further comprising a foam
layer attached to the cup covering the driver and the
The ?ltered modi?ed audio signal is then provided to
power ampli?er 68 for ampli?cation to a level appropri
microphone.
ate for driver 16.
As a result of the above described invention, back
ground or ambient noise reduction within the earcup as
10. The headset of claim 1, further comprising a soft
cushion mounted on the outer edge of the cup so that
when the cup is pressed on the head of a user, the cush
ion is between the cup and the user’s head.
11. The headset of claim 1, further comprising a sec
ond cup, mounted to the headband; a second driver,
a function of frequency is predictable from the open
loop frequency response of the headset system. Maxi
mum noise reduction will occur at frequencies from
about 30 Hz to about 200 Hz at values of approximately
15 to 28 dB. Above and below the 30 to 200 Hz fre
quency range, noise reduction falls off according to
mounted within the second cup, which receives and
acoustically reproduces the electronic signal; a second
microphone having a directional sensing surface,; and_
characteristics determined by the selection of ?lter pa
rameters. Conventional passive noise reduction built
second positioning means for mounting the second mi
crophone to the second cup and for centering the sec
ond microphone over the second driver, wherein the
into the headset, however, provides fairly effective
noise reduction at higher frequencies, making the head
directional sensing surface is oriented directly toward
set quite effective in achieving the desired overall re
the second driver.
12. The headset of claim 1, including means for sum
duction of noise, particularly for aircraft applications.
While the invention has been described and illus
ming a desired audio communications signal with the
trated with reference to speci?c embodiments, those
skilled in the art will recognize that modi?cation and
variations may be made without departing from the
anti-noise signal before providing the anti-noise signal
to the driver so that the sum of the desired audio signal
and the anti-noise signal and the anti-noise signal is
principles of the invention as described herein above
provided to the driver.
and set forth in the following claims.
13. The headset of claim 12, further comprising a
What is claimed is:
25 plurality of cascaded ?lters for accentuating a desired
1. A headset for acoustic reproduction of an elec
frequency range.
tronic anti-noise signal, the headset comprising:
14. The headset of claim 13, wherein the cascaded
a headband;
?lters includes a high pass ?lter for ?ltering out those
a cup, mounted to the headband;
components'of the electronic signal having frequencies
a driver mounted within the cup, which receives and
below a ?rst frequency, and a low pass ?lter for ?ltering
acoustically reproduces the electronic signal;
out those components of the electronic signal having
frequencies above a second frequency.
a microphone, having a directional sensing surface
which detects and transduces acoustic pressure
15. The headset of claim 14, further comprising a
within the cup to a corresponding microphone
electrical signal;
means for generating the anti-noise signal from the
microphone signal; and
35
mid-range ?lter for providing additional attenuation to
those components of the electronic signal having fre
quencies falling between a third and fourth frequency.
16. The headset of claim 15, wherein the ?rst fre
quency is 17 Hz, the second frequency is 8 kHz, the
third frequency is 600 Hz and the forth frequency is
portioning means for mounting the microphone to the
cup and for centering the microphone over the
driver with the directional sensing surface oriented
1200 Hz.
substantially directly toward the driver the posi
17. The headset of claim 7, wherein the driver is
tioning means comprising a grille plate mounted to
sealingly mounted within the mounting bracket.
the cup across the driver, the microphone being
18. A headset for acoustic reproduction of an elec
mounted to the grille plate.
tronic anti-noise signal, the headset comprising:
2. The headset of claim 1, wherein the grille plate 45 a headband;
includes a plurality of apertures therethrough, at least
a cup, mounted to the headband;
one aperture being positioned proximate the center of
a mounting bracket mounted in the cup, the mounting
the driver and the microphone being mounted across
bracket de?ning a bracket cavity within the cup on
such aperture.
one side of the bracket, the mounting bracket being
3. The headset of claim 2, wherein the microphone is 50
secured within the cup to de?ne with the cup an
mounted so that the directional sensing surface is point
earcup cavity so that the volume of the earcup
ing through the at least one aperture toward the driver.
cavity is sealed from air outside of the cup;
4. The headset of claim 3, wherein the distance sepa
the mounting bracket further containing a bore,
rating the microphone from the driver is less than about
thereby providing ?uid communication between
one quarter (l) of an inch.
the earcup cavity and the bracket cavity;
55
5. The headset of claim 2, wherein the apertures are
a driver, which receives and acoustically reproduces
round.
the electronic signal, mounted ‘on the mounting
6. The headset of claim 1, further comprising mount
bracket with in the bracket cavity;
ing bracket mounted in the cup, the driver being
a microphone, having a directional sensing surface
which detects and transduces acoustic pressure
mounted on the mounting bracket.
within the cup to a corresponding microphone
7. The headset of claim 6, wherein the mounting
bracket de?nes a bracket cavity within the cup and
wherein the driver is mounted within the bracket cav
ity.
8. The headset of claim 7, wherein the mounting
bracket is secured within the cup thereby de?ning an
earcup cavity so that the volume of the earcup cavity is
sealed from the air outside of the cup.
electrical signal;
means for generating the anti-noise signal for the
microphone signal;
-
positioning means for mounting the microphone to
the cup and for centering the microphone over the
driver with the directional sensing surface oriented
substantially directly toward the driver.
5,182,774
10
the summation of an audio signal and an anti-noise sig
19. The headset of claim 18, further comprising a
nal, the headset comprising:
cloth attached to the mounting bracket to cover the
bore.
20. A headset for acoustic reproduction of an elec
a headband;
a cup, mounted to the headband;
a driver, mounted within the cup, which receives and
tronic signal which electronic signal is representative of
acoustically reproduces the electronic signal, the
the summation of an audio signal and an anti-noise sig
driver having an inner dome portion and an outer
nal, the headset comprising:
annulus portion;
a headband;
a cup, mounted to the headband;
a directional microphone having a vented face;
means for generating the anti-noise signal from the
microphone signal; and
a driver, mounted within the cup, which receives and
acoustically reproduces the electronic signal;
positioning means for mounting the microphone to
the cup so that the microphone is acoustically cou
a directional microphone having a vented face;
means for generating the anti-noise signal from the
pled to the dome portion and isolated from the
outer annulus portion, the positioning means com
prising a grille plate mounted to the cup across the
microphone signal;
a grille plate mounted to the cup across the driver,
driver, the microphone being mounted to the grille
the grille plate including a plurality of apertures
therethrough, at least one such aperture being posi
plate on a side opposite the driver.
22. The headset of claim 21, wherein the grille plate
includes a plurality of apertures therethrough, wherein
at least one aperture is positioned proximate the center
of the driver and wherein the microphone is mounted
tioned proximate the center of the driver, the mi
crophone being mounted to the grille plate with
the vented face of the microphone being mounted
across such central aperture with the vented face
across the at least one aperture.
pointing therethrough oriented substantially di
23. The headset of claim 22, wherein the microphone
is mounted so that the vented face is pointing through
rectly toward the driver.
21. A headset for acoustic reproduction of an elec
the at least one aperture.
#
tronic signal which electronic signal is representative of
30
35
45
50
55
65
i
i
i
i
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement