Shell Eco-marathon 2018 Global Rules Chapter I

Shell Eco-marathon 2018 Global Rules Chapter I
SHELL ECO-MARATHON
2018 OFFICIAL RULES
CHAPTER I
SHELL ECO-MARATHON
2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
FOREWORD
Dear Shell Eco-marathon competitors, friends and enthusiasts,
Welcome to the 2018 competition season! I am honoured to begin this season as the
new Shell Eco-marathon Global Technical Director, and I am excited about the
opportunities ahead. This will be the 34th season for Shell Eco-marathon, and we are
committed to providing a safe yet challenging competition for students to design, build,
and drive the world’s most energy-efficient vehicles. As always, we strongly recommend
that teams read the Shell Eco-marathon Official Rules carefully and arrive with their vehicle
ready for the competition.
The Shell Eco-marathon competition is now simplified into the three energy categories:
internal combustion, battery-electric, and hydrogen fuel cell. The alignment of the energy
categories within the mileage challenge will continue for the 2018 season for both
Prototype and UrbanConcept vehicles. The Drivers’ World Championship for
UrbanConcept vehicles will also continue with the season finale taking place at Shell Ecomarathon Europe in London. In addition, Shell Eco-marathon Asia will return to Singapore,
and Shell Eco-marathon Americas will move to a new location.
In 2018, important steps will be implemented as the energy efficiency analysis within the
Shell Eco-marathon competition is improved. This year all UrbanConcept vehicles and
select Prototype vehicles will have a joulemeter installed between the vehicle battery and
the vehicle electrical system, allowing the measurement of all electrical energy provided
by the battery. Our goal for 2018 is to have the vehicle electrical energy included in the
energy-efficiency calculations and results for all UrbanConcept vehicles.
All UrbanConcept and select Prototype vehicles will also be given an on-board computer
with a telemetry system. Our goal with this system is to provide teams with better insight
to their vehicle and driver performance through their own data analysis. If you have
questions or feedback about the Shell Eco-marathon Official Rules, please contact us via
email or Facebook. I wish you success in the competition and look forward to an exciting
2018 season!
Kind regards,
Shanna Simmons
Shell Eco-marathon Global Technical Director
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
ORGANISATION ............................................................................... 5
ABOUT THE RULES ............................................................................................................... 5
2.
ARTICLE 1:
ACCEPTANCE .............................................................................................. 6
ARTICLE 2:
ENTRIES ...................................................................................................... 6
ARTICLE 3:
TRACK ACCESS CONDITIONS ....................................................................... 7
ARTICLE 4:
IDENTIFICATION ........................................................................................... 7
ARTICLE 5:
COMPLIANCE .............................................................................................. 7
ARTICLE 6:
PROTESTS .................................................................................................... 8
ARTICLE 7:
DISPUTES ..................................................................................................... 8
ARTICLE 8:
PENALTIES ................................................................................................... 8
SAFETY ............................................................................................. 9
ARTICLE 9:
SAFETY RULES ............................................................................................... 9
DRIVING RULES ........................................................................................ 9
ARTICLE 10:
DRIVING KNOWLEDGE AND TEST .................................................................. 9
ARTICLE 11:
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL/ILLEGAL SUBSTANCES .............. 9
ARTICLE 12:
BRIEFING ................................................................................................... 10
ARTICLE 13:
ACCESS TO THE TRACK AND TEST LAP ......................................................... 10
ARTICLE 14:
PUSHING THE VEHICLE ............................................................................... 10
ARTICLE 15:
RACE DIRECTION ....................................................................................... 10
ARTICLE 16:
RADIO COMMUNICATION ......................................................................... 10
ARTICLE 17:
OVERTAKING ............................................................................................. 10
ARTICLE 18:
BREAKDOWNS AND OTHER INCIDENTS ....................................................... 10
ARTICLE 19:
OFF-TRACK VEHICLE MOVEMENTS ................................................................ 11
DRIVER AND EQUIPMENT ........................................................................ 11
ARTICLE 20:
DRIVER WEIGHT ......................................................................................... 11
ARTICLE 21:
HELMETS ................................................................................................... 11
ARTICLE 22:
DRIVER CLOTHING ...................................................................................... 12
ARTICLE 23:
DRIVER COMFORT ...................................................................................... 12
GENERAL SAFETY .................................................................................... 12
ARTICLE 24:
EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS ....................................................................... 12
ATTENTION ............................................................................................ 13
3.
VEHICLE DESIGN ............................................................................. 14
3A – GENERAL 14
ARTICLE 25:
VEHICLE DESIGN ........................................................................................ 14
ARTICLE 26:
CHASSIS/MONOCOQUE SOLIDITY ............................................................. 15
ARTICLE 27:
PROPULSION AND ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM ISOLATION ............................. 15
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ARTICLE 28:
VISIBILITY.................................................................................................... 15
ARTICLE 29:
SAFETY BELTS ............................................................................................. 16
ARTICLE 30:
VEHICLE ACCESS........................................................................................ 16
ARTICLE 31:
HORN....................................................................................................... 16
ARTICLE 32:
ON-BOARD FIRE EXTINGUISHER .................................................................... 17
ARTICLE 33:
DRIVER POSITION ....................................................................................... 17
ARTICLE 34:
CLUTCH AND TRANSMISSION ..................................................................... 17
ARTICLE 35:
EXHAUST SYSTEM ....................................................................................... 18
ARTICLE 36:
ENVIRONMENTAL RESPECT ......................................................................... 18
ARTICLE 37:
EMERGENCY SHUT-DOWN ......................................................................... 18
ARTICLE 38:
ADDITIONAL INSPECTIONS ......................................................................... 19
3B – PROTOTYPE GROUP ........................................................................ 19
ARTICLE 39:
DIMENSIONS ............................................................................................ 19
ARTICLE 40:
NOT USED ................................................................................................ 19
ARTICLE 41:
TIRES, WHEELS, AXLES AND WHEEL HUBS ..................................................... 19
ARTICLE 42:
TURNING RADIUS AND STEERING ................................................................ 20
ARTICLE 43:
BRAKING................................................................................................... 20
3C – URBANCONCEPT GROUP ................................................................. 21
4.
ARTICLE 44:
DEFINITION ............................................................................................... 21
ARTICLE 45:
DIMENSIONS ............................................................................................ 21
ARTICLE 46:
VEHICLE BODY ........................................................................................... 21
ARTICLE 47:
TURNING RADIUS AND STEERING ................................................................ 22
ARTICLE 48:
WHEELS .................................................................................................... 22
ARTICLE 49:
TYRES ........................................................................................................ 22
ARTICLE 50:
LIGHTING .................................................................................................. 23
ARTICLE 51:
BRAKING................................................................................................... 23
ARTICLE 52:
WET WEATHER RUNNING .......................................................................... 24
ENERGY SOURCES .......................................................................... 25
4A – GENERAL ........................................................................................ 25
ARTICLE 53:
ENERGY TYPES ........................................................................................... 25
ARTICLE 54:
RESULTS CALCULATIONS ............................................................................. 25
ARTICLE 55:
FUELS SUPPLY AND HANDLING .................................................................... 27
ARTICLE 56:
JOULEMETERS ............................................................................................. 27
ARTICLE 57:
VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS ...................................................................... 28
ARTICLE 58:
TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION ................................................................... 30
4B – INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES ................................................... 32
ARTICLE 59:
PROPULSION ............................................................................................. 32
ARTICLE 60:
OTHER ON-BOARD ENERGY SOURCES ......................................................... 32
ARTICLE 61:
FUEL TANKS (ICE VEHICLES).......................................................................... 33
ARTICLE 62:
FUEL SYSTEM ............................................................................................. 33
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ARTICLE 63:
VEHICLES USING HYBRID TECHNOLOGY ...................................................... 34
ARTICLE 64:
STARTER .................................................................................................... 35
4C – ELECTRIC PROPULSION .................................................................... 35
5.
6.
ARTICLE 65:
FUEL CELL POWERED VEHICLES ..................................................................... 35
ARTICLE 66:
NOT USED ................................................................................................ 39
ARTICLE 67:
BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLES ........................................................................ 39
ON-VEHICLE TELEMETRY EQUIPMENT............................................... 40
ARTICLE 80:
GENERAL................................................................................................... 40
ARTICLE 81:
ONBOARD COMPUTER ............................................................................... 40
ARTICLE 82:
EXTERNAL ANTENNA .................................................................................. 40
ARTICLE 83:
HYDROGEN FLOW METER........................................................................... 40
ARTICLE 84:
LIQUID FLOWMETER .................................................................................... 40
ARTICLE 85:
JOULEMETERS ............................................................................................. 40
AWARDS AND PRIZES .................................................................... 41
6A – ON-TRACK AWARDS ....................................................................... 41
ARTICLE 100:
ON-TRACK AWARD OVERVIEW AND PRIZES .................................................. 41
6B – OFF-TRACK AWARDS ....................................................................... 42
ARTICLE 101:
OFF-TRACK AWARD OVERVIEW AND PRIZES .................................................. 42
ARTICLE 102:
COMMUNICATIONS AWARD ..................................................................... 43
ARTICLE 103:
VEHICLE DESIGN AWARD ............................................................................ 44
ARTICLE 104:
TECHNICAL INNOVATION AWARD .............................................................. 45
ARTICLE 105:
SAFETY AWARD ......................................................................................... 45
ARTICLE 106:
PERSEVERANCE AND SPIRIT OF THE EVENT AWARD ........................................ 46
ARTICLE 107:
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY .............................................................................. 46
APPENDIX 1: IDENTIFICATION OF VEHICLES ........................................... 47
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1. ORGANISATION
ABOUT THE RULES
a)
The rules for all Shell Eco-marathon 2018 events can be downloaded from the “For Participants”
section of the Shell Eco-marathon website. They comprise of:
i.
Chapter I – the Shell Eco-marathon 2018 Official Rules (referred to as “Official Rules” in this
document).
ii.
Chapter II – Rules of the specific location where Shell Eco-marathon takes place.
iii. Chapter III – Specific rules for the Drivers’ World Championship, which is for UrbanConcept
cars only.
b)
It is the responsibility of every participating team to ensure the Official Rules are read and
understood. To highlight rule changes and aid the understanding of frequently misunderstood rules
several tools have been used in this document:
i.
Text set in red indicates a change, addition, or amendment to the previous year’s Official
Rules.
ii.
Text set in italic indicates a note or explanation of the rule above to aid in understanding.
c)
Links are used throughout this document for navigation.
d)
New Tech Tips videos will be developed to explain specific rules and illustrate acceptable solutions.
Links to these videos will be available from the Shell Eco-marathon participant’s webpage.
e)
In this document functions and roles are defined as follows:
i.
‘Organisers’ – the specific Shell company that organises the Shell Eco-marathon event in a
particular region as named in Chapter II, and all persons acting on its behalf.
ii.
‘Team’ – group of individuals with a team name and one vehicle that has been accepted for
entry to the Shell Eco-marathon competition.
iii. ‘Participant’ – member of a Team.
iv. ‘Team Manager’ – a Participant that has been appointed on the event registration document
as a single focal point for his/her team for the Organisers.
v.
‘Faculty Advisor’ – a professional staff member of the educational institute which the Team
represents.
vi. ‘Race Director’ – person appointed by the Organisers, who is responsible for managing and
sanctioning all on-track activities.
vii. ‘Track Marshal’ – person appointed by the Race Director to act on his/her behalf, in particular
to ensure on-track safety and observe on-track rule compliance.
viii. ‘Technical Director’ – person appointed by the Organisers, who is responsible for managing
and ensuring the technical standards and integrity of the Shell Eco-marathon competition.
f)
Any decision by the Organisers is final, independent of whether it is explicitly identified in Chapter
I or not.
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ARTICLE 1:
ACCEPTANCE
a)
Applications to enter the competition must be made via online registration on the Shell Eco-marathon
website. The Organisers will review all applications and will select Teams based on the quality of
their proposed entry and historical successes from previous Shell Eco-marathon events. The criteria
for the historical successes will include achieving valid runs, completing technical inspection, and
demonstrating a readiness to compete upon arrival to the event. In addition, the Organisers reserve
the right to invite Teams who represent the spirit of this competition.
b)
By fact of their entry, Participants accept all provisions of the Official Rules and agree to abide by
all decisions made by the Organisers. The Organisers reserve the right to add, modify or delete
any article of the Official Rules. In such an event, the Teams will be notified. The Organisers are
solely empowered to pronounce in cases not provided for in the Official Rules.
c)
The Organisers reserve the right to modify, postpone or cancel the competition for any reason
including for reasons of force majeure due to, including but not limited to, adverse or extreme
weather conditions, the occurrence of a natural disaster, acts of terrorism or safety concerns.
No claims for compensation will be accepted.
d)
The Participant is aware that photo, audio and video recordings will be made throughout the event.
By entering Shell Eco-marathon, the Participant permanently relinquishes all rights in respect of these
photos, audio and video recordings, which are made by third parties, the Organisers and its
affiliates. Shell companies may use said photos, audio and video material for internal and external
communications and own presentations (including but not limited to promotions, advertising, internet
presence, TV and radio reports and press reports).
ARTICLE 2:
ENTRIES
a)
Shell Eco-marathon is an academic educational programme. All Teams wishing to enter must be
affiliated with an educational institution and their participation must be endorsed by it. Educational
Institutions eligible for Shell Eco-marathon participation are universities, colleges and secondary
schools preparing students for higher education degrees, vocational training certificates,
professional certificates or official second-level school-leaving examinations.
b)
For each entry, a Team Manager, a Driver and a Faculty Advisor must be designated. A Reserve
Driver may also be designated.
c)
The Team Manager must be a student member of the team currently enrolled at the institution.
In case all Participants are legal minors, the Faculty Advisor must act as Team Manager.
d)
The Team Manager can only be responsible for one vehicle. He/she may also be a Driver or
Reserve Driver for that vehicle, but only for that vehicle.
e)
The Team Manager is the Team’s sole official liaison with the Organisers. All information will be
addressed to him/her. For the purposes of the project, he/she will be responsible for the Team,
must speak on behalf of the Team and must be able to understand and speak English.
f)
The eligibility criteria for Drivers are detailed in the relevant section of Chapter II. The Driver and
Reserve Driver must be students of the educational institution in question. The Driver and the Reserve
Driver for one vehicle cannot be the Driver or Reserve Driver for another vehicle. Both must be able
to speak and understand English. Both the Driver and the Reserve Driver must be at least 16 years
old.
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g)
Each interested Team must apply to compete in the regional Shell Eco-marathon event closest to
their home country. Attendance at another Shell Eco-marathon event outside its home region is
subject to decision of the relevant regional organising committee.
h)
Teams are permitted to select names that are appropriate to their research, their school, and Shell
Eco-marathon. Names that are offensive or disrespectful to others who may be participating will
not be allowed. The Organisers reserve the right to require teams to change their name.
ARTICLE 3:
TRACK ACCESS CONDITIONS
During both the practice runs and the competition, all vehicles must comply with the technical and safety
rules of the event. Whenever a vehicle enters the track, the vehicle body must be in place and bear all
the competition numbers, sponsor stickers and Shell logos required by the Official Rules. Organisers will
supply these numbers and logos.
ARTICLE 4:
IDENTIFICATION
a)
Logos, official sponsor stickers and racing numbers must be fixed to the vehicle body in accordance
with the diagram provided (see Appendix 1: such that they can be clearly read during any public
presentation, in promotional films and on all photographs.
b)
Under no circumstances may the Shell logos, the sponsor stickers or racing numbers be modified,
either on the vehicle or on any other documentation. It is prohibited to cut the stickers supplied by
the Organisers. Their dimensions are as follows:
i.
For each side and for the front of the vehicle: A Shell logo, 200 x 215 mm.
ii.
For each side and for the front of the vehicle: racing numbers, 200 x 260 mm.
iii. For each side, on the lower part of the body: a sponsor sticker, 770 x 80 mm.
c)
A mandatory 100 mm space must be left free on all four sides of the Shell logo, and it should be
placed with the base parallel to the ground (not at an angle).
d)
Any other sponsor names/logos must be smaller than the Shell logo. Each sponsor sticker must fit
within a maximum area of 400 cm² (empty space included).
e)
The trademarks or logos of tobacco companies and alcoholic drinks producers are prohibited.
Trademarks and logos of other energy companies and direct competitors to event sponsors require
the prior written approval of the Organisers. This rule applies to all vehicles and all Participants’
apparel.
f)
In the event of a breach of this rule, the Organisers reserve the right to remove any sponsor logos.
g)
All vehicles are subject to the Organisers’ approval concerning these provisions.
ARTICLE 5:
a)
COMPLIANCE
Only vehicles that comply with the present Official Rules are allowed to participate. No vehicle
will be allowed on the track for practice or competition until the Organisers have approved it. The
decisions of the Organisers are final in all matters concerning the compliance of vehicle design
and construction with the present Official Rules.
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b)
The Organisers reserve the right to rescind vehicle approval upon further or more detailed checks.
The Organisers must be notified of any modifications to the vehicle after inspection.
Non-compliance with this rule will lead to vehicle disqualification.
c)
Vehicles complying with all safety rules but not with some of the technical rules will not qualify for
the competition, however may be allowed on the track for practice or demonstration at the
discretion of the Technical Director.
ARTICLE 6:
PROTESTS
The Team Manager is the only person authorised to lodge protests. Protests must be brought to the
attention of the Technical Director via the results desk. Protests must be lodged within the following times:
a)
Vehicles: before track closure on the current day.
b)
Team and Driver behaviour: within 30 minutes following the end of the attempt.
c)
Results: within 1 hour after the result of an attempt has been posted.
ARTICLE 7:
DISPUTES
In the event of any disputes, all decisions made by the Race Director are binding and final.
ARTICLE 8:
PENALTIES
a)
Non-compliance with the driving rules and safety rules will result in the penalties in Article 8:d).
Notwithstanding this, the Organisers reserve the right to make decisions on a case by case basis
depending on the severity of the breach.
b)
The Organisers will exclude, disqualify or otherwise penalise any Participant who, in the judgement
of the Race Director, has gained an unfair advantage because of any breach of these Official
Rules, hindrance of other Participants, departure from the normal course, or any act or omission
capable of misrepresenting performance, especially with regard to fuel consumption or method of
propulsion.
c)
During the competition, the Driver or the Team Manager must report to the Organisers any
movement made or attempted by means other than the vehicle’s own propulsion system. In such an
event, the attempt in question will be invalid. If this type of incident is not reported, all the Team’s
attempts will be invalidated.
d)
The following general penalties apply:
1st infraction:
Formal warning.
2nd infraction:
Best overall attempt invalidated at the end of the competition.
3rd infraction:
Immediate Team disqualification.
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2. SAFETY
ARTICLE 9:
SAFETY RULES
a)
As with any motorsport activity there should be an understanding that certain inherent risks will be
present. Recognising and controlling these risks are vital for the well-being of people and local
surroundings. Safety is an essential consideration for the Organisers. These Rules are to protect all
individuals and surrounding areas and are in no way intended to curtail the spirit of the competition.
Any activity deemed unsafe or outside of the spirit of the event will be met with appropriate action
by the event Organisers.
b)
Therefore, compliance with safe driving and sporting rules, as well as any instructions given by
Track Marshals is mandatory for everyone. All Participants must comply with the safety measures
and must notify Organisers about any anomalies or incidents. In case of dangerous conditions,
leave the area immediately. During the event, the paddock area will be monitored by the
Organisers to assist Teams to comply with safe practices.
c)
The Race Director is responsible for and has the final authority in determining the safe conditions
for track operations in regards to weather.
d)
Non-compliance with any of these Rules may lead to disqualification from the competition at the
sole and absolute discretion of the Organisers.
e)
Electrical safety in the paddocks is an especially important topic in Shell Eco-marathon events.
Teams must read and comply with the safety concerns in Article 24: and Article 57: and their
regional Chapter II Rules.
DRIVING RULES
ARTICLE 10:
DRIVING KNOWLEDGE AND TEST
a)
Only the registered Driver and the Reserve Driver will be authorised to drive the vehicle.
b)
Drivers may be questioned about their knowledge of the driving rules during inspection. The
Organisers reserve the right to deny track access to Drivers with insufficient knowledge of the Rules.
c)
Driving on-track: In the interest of safety it is important that Drivers learn and apply smooth and
predictable driving techniques, e.g. thinking well ahead, avoiding sudden directional changes,
and being fully aware of other vehicles around them.
ARTICLE 11:
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL/ILLEGAL SUBSTANCES
a)
Driving under the influence of any alcohol and/or illegal substance(s) is forbidden. This applies to
all Drivers and Reserve Drivers entering the track.
b)
Procedures for alcohol or substance testing are detailed in Chapter II.
c)
Any breach will be penalised in line with Article 8: and the following additional penalties:
i.
Any alcohol and/or substance related breach of the rules will be treated at least as ‘2nd
infraction’ of the Team, even if no prior violation has occurred.
ii.
In addition, the affected Driver is immediately banned from track access if he/she is under the
influence. A Reserve Driver may substitute the Driver if he/she is eligible to drive.
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iii. Any second alcohol and/or substance related infraction will lead to the immediate
disqualification of the entire Team.
ARTICLE 12:
BRIEFING
The attendance of the daily Drivers’ briefing is mandatory for the Team Manager and all registered
Drivers and Reserve Drivers every day. Failure in attending these briefings by the Team Managers and
Drivers will disqualify the team from practicing and/or competing that day.
ARTICLE 13:
ACCESS TO THE TRACK AND TEST LAP
a)
Vehicles must pass a safety inspection prior to accessing the track for practice runs. A safety sticker
will be clearly affixed once the vehicle has passed the inspection.
b)
For practice runs on both, the test track and the competition track, only vehicles with a safety sticker
will be allowed on the track.
c)
For the competition, only vehicles with safety and technical inspection stickers will be allowed
to compete.
d)
The Organisers will allow opportunity for Team Managers and Drivers to inspect the track before
any vehicles are allowed on the track. For further details please refer to Chapter II.
e)
After pre-start measurements have been completed, teams must be ready to start their attempt within
two minutes or return to the paddock.
ARTICLE 14:
PUSHING THE VEHICLE
At no time on the race track are drivers allowed to push their vehicle or have it pushed, including to
start the run or to cross the finish line.
ARTICLE 15:
RACE DIRECTION
It is forbidden to drive in reverse gear or to drive against the race direction.
ARTICLE 16:
RADIO COMMUNICATION
The use of hand-held communications is forbidden in the vehicle. However, the use of a “hands-free” kit
is allowed if both hands of the driver remain on the steering system.
ARTICLE 17:
OVERTAKING
Drivers are required to give clear passage for other vehicles wishing to overtake.
a)
Drivers in overtaking vehicles must sound their horn and pass with caution. The Driver of the
overtaking vehicle is responsible for the safety of the manoeuvre.
b)
Drivers of the vehicles being overtaken must use their mirrors and must not change course suddenly.
c)
On the track, overtaking is authorised on both the right and the left, provided the above-mentioned
safety rules are followed.
ARTICLE 18:
a)
BREAKDOWNS AND OTHER INCIDENTS
Intentional stopping on the track is forbidden unless it is required by the competition, e.g. for
UrbanConcept vehicles, or is needed to prevent a safety incident.
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b)
The Driver is allowed 30 seconds to attempt to re-start the vehicle from within its driving position.
c)
If a vehicle breaks down or is involved in a minor disabling accident on the track, the Driver must
immediately make every attempt to drive the vehicle to the side of the track and wait in the vehicle
for the Track Marshals to arrive.
d)
In an emergency, the Driver must get out of the car and wait in a safe place off the track for the
Track Marshals to arrive and recover him/her and the vehicle.
e)
It is forbidden to carry out repairs on the track. In the event of a flat tyre, even when near the starting
line, a new start will not be granted for the attempt in question.
ARTICLE 19:
OFF-TRACK VEHICLE MOVEMENTS
a)
All vehicles must be parked inside the designated paddock area or directly in front of it. When off
the track, vehicles must be moved without the use of the engine. They must be pushed or pulled.
Test-driving in the paddock area is forbidden.
b)
Any breaches and any unsafe or unfair behaviour brought to the attention of the Organisers could
result in a penalty.
DRIVER AND EQUIPMENT
ARTICLE 20:
a)
DRIVER WEIGHT
The minimum Driver Weight is:

Prototype vehicles – 50.0 kg

UrbanConcept vehicles – 70.0 kg
b)
The Driver Weight is defined as the weight of the person driving the vehicle including full driving
gear and communication devices. If the Driver Weight does not meet the minimum weight
requirement ballast needs to be fitted to the vehicle. This ballast must be provided by the Team, in
form of scuba diving weights, weight lifting discs, or rectangular metal plates. No other form of
ballast is permitted. The ballast must be effectively secured to the vehicle to ensure Driver safety in
the event of collision or roll-over. A seal will be installed around the ballast by a technical inspector
and must remain in place during the event. If the seal has been tampered with or removed the
vehicle will no longer be valid to compete.
c)
If a team has two drivers and one or both drivers are underweight, the ballast weight will be based
on the lightest driver.
d)
Drivers (in full driving gear, including communication devices) and their ballast may be weighed
before or after each attempt. A weight loss of up to 1 kg during an attempt will be tolerated.
ARTICLE 21:
a)
HELMETS
For practice and competition, Drivers must wear full-face or three-quarter helmets suitable for
motorsport activities. Bicycle/riding/skating/luge type helmets are not permitted. Helmet
certification labels must be clearly readable. Helmets worn by all Drivers will be subject to
inspection. Helmets should not have any indentations or cracks and should be in proper working
condition as intended by the helmet manufacturer.
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b)
All helmets must be affixed with a face shield (or visor). The face shield (or visor) must cover from
the top of the face down to below the driver’s nose. Tinted face shields or sun glasses to be worn
under the face shield are permitted. The helmets must correctly fit the Driver and be secured by a
chin strap. Visors should be free from scratches and have clear visibility.
ARTICLE 22:
a)
DRIVER CLOTHING
All Drivers must wear a one-piece racing suit as the outermost layer of clothing, and the racing suit
must be classified as Flame Retardant Clothing (FRC). Drivers are not allowed to wear synthetic
clothing underneath the race suit because synthetic material may melt if exposed to flames.
Cotton shirt and underwear are recommended.
b)
Socks (made from cotton or FRC material) and shoes are required.
c)
Fire retardant gloves are required and must completely cover all fingers.
d)
No bare skin should be visible when the Driver is wearing the racing suit, gloves, socks, shoes and
helmet.
ARTICLE 23:
DRIVER COMFORT
Please note that in the event of hot weather conditions, high temperatures may affect Driver comfort and
potentially cause heat stress.
a)
It is recommended to properly ventilate the inside of the vehicle to provide cooling to the Driver.
b)
It is recommended to provide sufficient drinking liquids to the driver for the duration of an attempt.
If fluid containers are provided to the driver(s), these containers must be hands free.
Camel-back style or bottles secured inside the driver’s compartment with flexible feed straw are
recommended.
c)
It is recommended to equip the vehicle with an effective shield from the sun.
d)
In regards to Driver health or comfort, Organisers reserve the right to restrict individual driving time
by any means at their sole discretion, e.g. shortening the distance, requesting driver change (pit
stop), limit maximum number of attempts per driver per day, etc.
GENERAL SAFETY
ARTICLE 24:
EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS
Teams are required to provide and use the following at the event:
a)
Leather or canvas gloves for general work.
b)
Chemical resistant gloves for fuel or motor oil handling.
c)
Safety glasses for all Participants.
d)
Hearing protection for all Participants.
e)
Duct tape to secure cords or cables lying on the pit floor.
f)
Lift stands or appropriate raised platform for vehicle tuning and repairs.
g)
Tools and materials.
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h)
i)
Effective equipment suitable to mitigate and/or control Lithium-based battery fires must be used
during battery charging. The equipment must prevent or contain the spread of fire or battery even
during charging. Equipment that may be used includes:
i.
A battery charging bag that is designed specifically for containment of a Lithium battery fire,
or
ii.
A fire proof blanket that can be placed over AND under the lithium battery being charged.
The blanket must be of sufficient size to fully cover and contain any potential fire or battery
event.
Vehicle Crates and Transportation
i.
Participants are required to seek early guidance regarding shipment of any Dangerous Goods
material from a commercial freight company to obtain the latest shipping legislation.
Dangerous Goods includes, but is not limited to: flammable liquids, batteries, and
pressurized containers (e.g. fire extinguishers).
Commercial transportation regulations have increased significantly in recent years,
requiring teams to understand the ramifications for non-compliance.
Shipments made by air freight are the most stringent compared to road freight.
ii.
j)
A current Dangerous Goods Guideline document will be made available on the Shell Ecomarathon website, including mandatory declaration form(s), and Agility contact information
for each region.
Electrical safety
i.
All electrical equipment used must be properly fused.
ii.
Electrical cables must be in good condition and appropriate for the equipment it is
intended for.
iii. High wattage electrical appliances should not be plugged into a multiple plug strip. If teams
are using a multi plug strip each must have internal overcurrent protection.
ATTENTION
Review all sections of the Official Rules as they contain further safety matters specific to the topic.
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3. VEHICLE DESIGN
3A – GENERAL
ARTICLE 25:
a)
VEHICLE DESIGN
During vehicle design, construction and competition planning, participating teams must
pay attention to all aspects of safety, including the safety of the driver, participants, volunteers and
spectators.
i.
Prototype vehicles must have three or four running wheels that are in constant contact with the
road.
ii.
Prototype vehicles must have a minimum crumple zone of 100 mm between the front of the
vehicle body and the driver’s feet.
iii. UrbanConcept vehicles must have exactly four wheels that are in constant contact with the
road.
b)
Aerodynamic appendages, which adjust or are prone to changing shape due to wind, are not
allowed.
c)
Vehicle bodies must not include any external appendages that might be dangerous to participants;
this includes pointed parts of the vehicle body. Sharp points must have a radius of 50 mm or
greater, or covered with foam or a deformable material.
d)
Vehicle body panels must be rigid and may not change shape due to wind.
e)
The vehicle interior must not contain any objects that might injure the Driver in the event of a collision.
f)
Windows must not be made of any material which may shatter into sharp shards (for example,
acrylic (e.g. Plexiglass) is not allowed).
Polycarbonate (e.g. Lexan) is the recommended window material.
g)
The energy compartment (engine/motor/transmission/battery, etc.) should be easy to access for
quick inspection.
h)
All parts of the drive train, including fuel tank, hydrogen system components, etc. must be within
the confines of the body cover.
i)
All objects in the vehicle must be securely mounted. Bungee cords or other elastic material are not
permitted for securing heavy objects like batteries.
j)
All vehicles must have a solid floor and frame that prevent any part of the driver’s body from
contacting the ground.
k)
All vehicles must be fully covered. Open top vehicles are not allowed. Vehicles that look like
bicycles, tricycles or wheelchairs are not acceptable.
l)
The Organisers will provide all UrbanConcept vehicles with a telemetry System (see Section 5) and
require them to install in their vehicle for competition monitoring and result calculation. In this case
the main housing of the telemetry equipment will need to be installed inside the vehicle and the
team must provide a hole in the body of the vehicle of no more than 32 mm for the passage of
cables to an antenna which will be attached outside on the top of the vehicle.
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ARTICLE 26:
a)
CHASSIS/MONOCOQUE SOLIDITY
Teams must ensure that the vehicle chassis or monocoque is designed wide and long enough to
effectively protect the driver’s body in the event of a collision including front impact, side impact,
and/or vehicle rollover. The Organisers will not allow any vehicle whose construction appears
unsafe.
A monocoque is a construction that supports structural load by using an object's external skin as
opposed to using a frame.
b)
The vehicle chassis must be equipped with an effective roll bar that extends 50 mm around the
driver’s helmet when seated in normal driving position with the safety belts fastened.
If this position impairs the driver visibility it will be deemed that the roll bar is not adequate. The
effectiveness of the roll bar and driver’s visibility will be validated simultaneously, i.e. the driver
must not be in such position that he or she must raise their head or torso above the roll bar to
pass the visibility test.
c)
The roll bar must extend in width beyond the driver’s shoulders when seated in normal driving
position with the safety belts fastened.
Teams may use a tubular or panel roll bar. If a tubular roll bar is used, it must be made of metal.
A panel roll bar is the rigid partition separating the cockpit from the energy compartment, and
it must be integrated into the vehicle chassis or monocoque.
d)
The roll bar must be able to withstand a static load of 700 N (~ 70 kg) applied in a vertical,
horizontal, and/or perpendicular direction, without deforming in any direction.
e)
If the vehicle must be lifted at a specific place on its body, it should be clearly marked with a
rectangular box stating “LIFT HERE”.
ARTICLE 27:
a)
PROPULSION AND ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM ISOLATION
A rigid Bulkhead must completely separate and seal the vehicle’s propulsion and energy storage
systems from the driver’s compartment.
A bulkhead is an upright partition separating the driver’s compartment from the energy
compartment. This means engines, fuel cells, fuel tanks, batteries (both propulsion and auxiliary),
hydrogen cylinders, supercapacitors, etc. must be placed outside the driver’s compartment
behind the bulk head. The purpose of this bulkhead is that in the event of a fuel leak, fire or
battery release incident, it prevents liquids and/or flames from reaching the driver. Avoid having
any gaps or holes between the body and the bulkhead. It is recommended to seal gaps with
materials such as metal/aluminium sheeting or aluminium tape.
b)
The bulkhead must be able to protect the driver from an open flame in the energy compartment.
c)
The bulkhead must prevent manual access to the energy compartment by the Driver.
d)
If holes are made in the bulkhead to pass through wires or cables it is essential that the wires and
cables are protected by a grommet or similar protective material to prevent chafing or damage.
All gaps and holes must be filled.
ARTICLE 28:
a)
VISIBILITY
The Driver must have access to a direct arc of visibility ahead and to 90° on each side of the
longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The Driver’s field of vision must be achieved without aid of any
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optical or electronic devices. Movement of the Driver’s head within the confines of the vehicle body
to achieve a complete arc of vision is allowed, but the driver’s helmet must be 50 mm below the
roll bar at all times.
b)
The vehicle must be equipped with a rear-view mirror on each side of the vehicle, each with a
minimum surface area of 2500 mm² (e.g. 50 mm x 50 mm). An electronic device may not replace
a rear-view mirror.
c)
For UrbanConcept vehicles wet weather visibility is also mandatory (see Article 52:).
ARTICLE 29:
SAFETY BELTS
a)
The Driver’s seat must be fitted with an effective safety harness with at least five mounting points to
maintain the Driver securely in his/her seat. The five independent belts must be firmly attached to
the vehicle’s main structure and be fitted into a single buckle, specifically designed for this purpose.
The mounting points should be fitted so that the belts will self-align with the direction of the load.
b)
The safety harness must prevent any upward or forward motion of the Driver’s torso. Any slack in
the harness must be adjusted by using the seat belt length adjuster. The adjustor must be located
as close as possible to the connection point. The crotch strap mounting point should be underneath
the body and the topmost straps should be at an angle of approximately 10° below the top of the
Driver’s shoulder.
c)
The safety harness must be worn tight and fastened at all times to prevent the Driver from having
free movement when the vehicle is in motion.
d)
The safety harness must able to withstand a 700 N load.
The safety harness and its fitting will be evaluated during technical inspection. For Prototype
vehicles, this will be done by raising the vehicle with the Driver on board using the safety harness
buckle as the lifting point.
e)
The Urban Concept vehicle safety harness must be specifically manufactured for motorsport use
(e.g. certified or compliant with FIA standards).
ARTICLE 30:
VEHICLE ACCESS
a)
It is imperative for Drivers, fully harnessed, to be able to vacate their vehicles at any time without
assistance in less than 10 seconds.
b)
Prototype vehicles must be equipped with a sufficiently large opening for the cockpit. The driving
position must be designed so that emergency services can easily extract the Driver from his/her
vehicle, if necessary.
c)
The opening release mechanism of the driver compartment must be easily and intuitively operable
from both inside and outside the vehicle. The method of opening from the outside must be clearly
marked by a red arrow and must not require any tools.
d)
It is forbidden to use adhesive tape to close the Driver’s opening from the outside.
ARTICLE 31:
a)
HORN
Each vehicle must be equipped with an electrically powered horn typically used in current
automobiles. Bike or cycling horns are no longer permitted.
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b)
The horn must be mounted at the front of the vehicle without obstruction.
c)
When the vehicle is in normal operating condition, it must emit a sound greater than 85 dBA when
measured 4 meters horizontally from the vehicle. The horn must produce a continuous single tone
sound when activated (chirping or siren like tones are not permitted).
d)
The horn must be powered by the accessory or propulsion battery. However, the power consumed
by the horn will not be measured by the Joulemeter (see Article 56:d)iv).
ARTICLE 32:
ON-BOARD FIRE EXTINGUISHER
a)
Each vehicle must be fitted with a fire extinguisher (ABC or BC type). All Drivers must be trained in
the use of said fire extinguisher. This extinguisher must have a minimum extinguishing capacity of
1 kg (2 lb for US application); equivalent size extinguishers are not permitted. The extinguisher must
be unused, full, and have one of the following: a printed expiration date that is valid, a printed
manufacturer’s date within 3 years, or tagged with an official recertification date.
b)
Plumbed-in extinguishers may be located in the energy compartment and must discharge into the
energy compartment. Triggering systems must be located within the cockpit and be operable by
the Driver in his/her normal driving position.
c)
Hand held extinguishers must be located within the cockpit and be accessible to the Driver once
they have vacated the vehicle. These must be securely mounted to prevent movement while
driving/braking. In the event of a fire, the Drivers must immediately exit the vehicle and then if
possible, remove the extinguisher and attempt to extinguish* the fire if it is safe to do so.
* During the competition, the Track Marshals will extinguish the fire.
ARTICLE 33:
DRIVER POSITION
For safety reasons, the head-first driving position is prohibited.
ARTICLE 34:
CLUTCH AND TRANSMISSION
a)
All vehicle propulsion must be achieved only through the friction between the wheels and the road.
b)
All vehicles with internal combustion engines must be equipped with a clutch system.
c)
For centrifugal/automatic clutches the starter motor speed must always be below the engagement
speed of the clutch.
d)
Only UrbanConcept ICE vehicles are required to have ‘idling capabilities. This means the vehicle
must be able to remain stationary while the engine is running.
e)
For manual clutches the starter motor must not be operable with the clutch engaged. An interlock is
required to facilitate this functionality.
f)
Please refer to Article 64:b) regarding starter motor requirements.
g)
Guards for transmission chains and/or belts are mandatory.
This is required to protect driver or technician when working on the car in the event of the chain
or belt breaking. It must be made of metal or composite material rigid enough to withstand a
break.
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ARTICLE 35:
EXHAUST SYSTEM
a)
The exhaust gases must be evacuated outside the vehicle body.
b)
Exhaust pipes must not extend beyond the rear or the side of the vehicle body.
c)
Exhaust pipes must be solid with no signs of fatigue or leaks.
d)
Exhaust pipes must be appropriate for high temperatures.
ARTICLE 36:
a)
ENVIRONMENTAL RESPECT
All vehicles are expected to comply with reasonable environmental conditions including smoke,
odour, and sound level emitted.
ARTICLE 37:
EMERGENCY SHUT-DOWN
a)
The purpose of the emergency shutdown system is to disable the propulsion system of the vehicle.
Different types of propulsion systems require different measures to accomplish this.
b)
Spark ignition engines (gasoline, ethanol) will require the emergency shutdown mechanism to shut
down the ignition. It is not necessary to isolate the accessory battery.
c)
Compression ignition engines (diesel, GTL) will require the emergency shutdown mechanism to shut
off the fuel or air flow. It is not necessary to isolate the accessory battery.
d)
For Battery Electric vehicles the emergency shutdown mechanism must provide a physical isolation
of the propulsion battery from the vehicle electrical system. If relays are used, the relays must be a
normally open contact type. The use of a power controller or other logic systems to drive an isolation
device is not permitted.
e)
For Hydrogen vehicles see Article 65:e).
f)
There must be both an internal and an external shutdown mechanism.
i.
The internal emergency shutdown mechanism is for driver operation and may be designed in
any effective way.
ii.
The external emergency shutdown mechanism must be at the rear of the vehicle and
permanently installed on a non-detachable part of the bodywork.
iii. A standard sticker (Blue triangle with red electrical arc) provided by the Organiser must be
positioned on the vehicle body to indicate clearly the exterior position of the emergency
shutdown actuator.
g)
The external emergency shutdown mechanism must be achieved by means of a latching red push
button, which can only be re-activated by rotating it. Push/pull levers are not accepted.
h)
In addition to the above devices, all vehicles must be equipped with a “dead man’s safety device”
or sometimes referred to as “operator presence control.” The purpose for this device is to ensure
that in case the driver becomes incapacitated the vehicle’s propulsion power is automatically
disengaged (returns to an idle condition). This device may consist of a spring-loaded hand operated
accelerator or foot pedal lever. An electric dead man switch is permissible if the switch is located
on the steering wheel. If an electric dead-man switch is used the driver must directly (for example
by thumb or index finger) engage the switch continuously while driving.
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i.
This device is a separate switch from the required “emergency shut-down” mechanisms
identified in Article 37:a).
ii.
If an ICE Prototype vehicle is designed with a WOT (wide open throttle) operation of the deadman switch must switch off the ignition system.
ARTICLE 38:
ADDITIONAL INSPECTIONS
a)
After passing technical inspection, any alternation must be re-approved by the Organisers.
b)
After any significant incident to the vehicle, it must be re-inspected.
c)
At any time, the Organisers may perform unannounced inspections on the vehicles.
3B – PROTOTYPE GROUP
ARTICLE 39:
DIMENSIONS
a)
The vehicle maximum height must be less than 1000 mm.
b)
The vehicle track width must be at least 500 mm, measured between the midpoints where the tyres
of the outermost wheels touch the ground.
c)
The ratio of height divided by track width must be less than 1.25.
d)
The vehicle wheelbase must be at least 1000 mm.
e)
The maximum total vehicle width must not exceed 1300 mm.
f)
The maximum total length must not exceed 3500 mm.
g)
The maximum vehicle weight, without the Driver is 140 kg.
h)
None of the body dimensions above must be achieved by design singularities such as ‘stuck-on’
appendages or cut-outs.
ARTICLE 40:
NOT USED
ARTICLE 41:
TIRES, WHEELS, AXLES AND WHEEL HUBS
a)
All types of tires and wheels are allowed.
b)
Any type of wheel rim may be used. Rims must be compatible with the dimensions of the selected
tires to satisfy safety standards.
Bicycle wheels are not generally designed to support substantial lateral cornering forces, such
as may be found in Shell Eco-marathon vehicles at certain speeds.
The wheel axles must be designed for cantilever loads (like in wheel chairs) rather than for load
distributed equally on both sides (like in bicycles).
c)
Wheels located inside the vehicle body must be isolated from the Driver by a bulkhead.
d)
Any handling or manipulation of wheels by the Driver is forbidden from the moment the vehicle is
at the starting line until it crosses the finish line.
e)
All installations must be carried out in a way that there is no likelihood of the wheels coming into
contact with other parts of the vehicle (i.e. cables, wires, hoses, and energy compartment
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components like batteries, etc.). These must be safely mounted/secured so that they cannot interfere
with the turning wheel during driving and cause accidents.
ARTICLE 42: TURNING RADIUS AND STEERING
a)
Only front wheel steering is permitted. If the Organisers are not satisfied with the effectiveness
and/or control of a vehicles steering system, this vehicle will be removed from the competition.
b)
The turning radius must be 8 m or less. The turning radius is the distance between the centre of the
circle and the external wheel of the vehicle. The external wheel of the vehicle must be able to follow
a 90° arc of 8 m radius in both directions. The steering system must be designed to prevent any
contact between tyre and body or chassis.
c)
Electrically operated indirect steering systems are permitted providing they are operated by a
steering wheel or similar (rotary potentiometer), joystick operation is not permitted. If electronic
steering systems are used, in the event of system failure, the vehicle must be equipped with manual
steering override.
d)
The Organisers reserve the right to set up a vehicle handling course to verify the following when
the vehicle is in motion: driver skills, turning radius and steering precision. For example, the
Organisers will verify that steering is precise, with no play.
ARTICLE 43: BRAKING
a)
Vehicles must be equipped with two independently activated brakes or braking systems; each
system comprising of a single command control (lever(s) working together or foot pedal), command
transmission (cables or hoses) and activators (callipers or shoes). Brakes that act on the tyres are
not permitted.
b)
One system must act on all front wheel(s), the other on all rear wheel(s). When braking on two
steering wheels at the front, two activators (callipers or shoes) must be used (one on each wheel),
commanded by only one command control. In addition, the right and left brakes must be properly
balanced.
c)
The rear system must work on each wheel, unless they are connected by a common shaft in which
case they can have a single system.
d)
It must be possible to activate the two systems at the same time without taking either hand off the
steering system. Foot control is recommended.
e)
The effectiveness of the braking systems will be tested during vehicle inspection. The vehicle will
be placed on an incline with a 20 percent slope with the driver inside. The brakes will be activated
each in turn. Each system alone must keep the vehicle immobile.
f)
During practice or competition runs the brakes must be protected against any adjustments by the
driver. The effectiveness of the protection to ensure compliance will be evaluated during technical
inspection and rechecked before entering the track. In addition, vehicles will be checked at the
start and/or finish area. Any protection system that has been compromised will invalidate that run
and a penalty may be issued by the Organisers.
g)
Foot-operated front brakes are recommended and will be required for 2020.
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3C – URBANCONCEPT GROUP
ARTICLE 44: DEFINITION
Under the name “UrbanConcept”, Shell offers an opportunity to design and build energy efficient
vehicles that are closer in appearance to today’s production type passenger cars. UrbanConcept
vehicles must comply with the specific rule of the Shell Eco-marathon for this group. One particular
feature of this group is that vehicles competing in this group will require “stop and go” driving.
During all practice and competition driving at Shell Eco-marathon events only one person (the Driver) is
allowed inside UrbanConcept vehicles, regardless of the number of seats installed.
ARTICLE 45: DIMENSIONS
a)
The total vehicle height must be between 1000 mm and 1300 mm.
b)
The total vehicle width, excluding rear view mirrors, must be between 1200 mm and 1300 mm.
c)
The total vehicle length must be between 2200 mm and 3500 mm.
d)
The track width must be at least 1000 mm for the front axle and 800 mm for the rear axle,
measured between the midpoints where the tyres touch the ground.
e)
The wheelbase must be at least 1200 mm.
f)
The Driver’s compartment must have a minimum height of 880 mm and a minimum width of 700
mm at the Driver’s shoulders.
g)
The ground clearance must be at least 100 mm with the driver (and necessary ballast) in the
vehicle.
h)
The maximum vehicle weight (excluding the Driver) is 225 kg.
i)
All vehicle dimensions must not be achieved by body extensions such as ‘stuck-on’ appendages or
cut-outs.
ARTICLE 46: VEHICLE BODY
a)
Teams are requested to submit technical drawings, photographs or animations of their entire vehicle
design to the Organisers for approval at their earliest opportunity.
This is strongly recommended to avoid upsets by failing the technical inspection at the event on
grounds of design non-compliance.
b)
The body must cover all mechanical parts whether the vehicle is viewed from the front, the rear,
the sides or from above. In addition, the wheels and suspension must be fully covered by the body
when seen from above and up to the axle centre line when seen from front or rear. The covering
for the wheels and suspension must be a rigid integral part of the vehicle body.
c)
It is prohibited to use any commercially available vehicle body parts.
d)
Access to the vehicle by the Driver must be as easy and practical as typically found in common
production type passenger cars. All UrbanConcept vehicles must have a side-door design. The
door opening must have a minimum dimension of 500 x 800 mm. This means a rectangular
template of this dimension must be able to pass through the door opening.
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From 2019 onwards all UrbanConcept cars will be required to have a door on each side of
the driver compartment meeting the requirements above.
e)
Any access opening mechanisms must be firmly attached to the vehicle body by means of hinges
or sliding rails. Adhesive tape, Velcro, or similar materials are not permitted for this purpose.
f)
The vehicle must have a fixed roof covering the Driver’s compartment.
g)
A windscreen with effective wiper(s) is mandatory. Please refer to Article 52:b).
h)
Space must be available for a rectangular rigid luggage with dimensions of 500 x 400 x 200
mm (L x H x W). This space must be easily accessible from the outside and must include a floor
and sidewalls to hold the luggage in place when the vehicle is moving. The luggage must be
supplied by the Participant and must be placed in this space during inspection and competition.
i)
Vehicle bodies must not include any external appendages that might be dangerous to other Team
members; e.g. sharp points must have a radius of 50 mm or greater, alternatively they should be
made of foam or similar deformable material.
j)
A towing hook or ring is mandatory at the front of the vehicle. It can be rigid or flexible (cable or
strap). If it is rigid, it must be placed fully under the body for safety reasons. Alternatively, it may
be retractable or removable as in a regular car but should be easily accessible. It must be used to
tow the vehicle in case of breakdown on the track. It must have a traction resistance equivalent to
the weight of the vehicle and have an opening width of at least 30 mm.
ARTICLE 47: TURNING RADIUS AND STEERING
a)
Vehicle steering must be achieved by one system operated with both hands using a turning motion.
It must be precise, with no play or delay. Steering must be operated predominately through the
front wheels.
b)
Steering must be achieved using a steering wheel or sections of a wheel with a minimum diameter
of 250 mm.
c)
Steering bars, tillers, joysticks, indirect or electric systems are not permitted.
d)
The turning radius must be 6 m or less. The turning radius is the distance between the centre of the
circle and the external wheel of the vehicle. The external wheel of the vehicle must be able to follow
a 90° arc of 6 m radius in both directions. The steering system must be designed to prevent any
contact between tyre and body or chassis.
e)
The Organisers reserve the right to set up a vehicle handling course to verify the following when
the vehicle is in motion: driver skills, turning radius and steering precision.
ARTICLE 48: WHEELS
a)
The rims must be between 15 to 17 inches in diameter.
b)
The wheels located inside the vehicle body must be made inaccessible to the Driver by a bulkhead.
Any handling or manipulation of the wheels is forbidden from the moment the vehicle arrives at the
starting line until it crosses the finish line.
ARTICLE 49: TYRES
Tyres must fit the type and size of rims recommended by their manufacturers and have a minimum tread
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of 1.6 mm. The tyre/rim assembly must have a width of 80 to 110 mm, measured from tire sidewall
to tire sidewall. The width is measured with the tyre fitted on its rim at its rated pressure.
Caution:

The manufacturer’s size indications should not be taken as measure, as the width of the rim directly
impacts the width of the rim/tyre assembly.

It is strongly recommended to use flat profile tyres designed for four wheel vehicles or light trailers,
not round/triangular profile tyres used for mopeds or motorbikes.

It may be necessary to use a 90 mm tire to achieve the above-mentioned measure.
ARTICLE 50: LIGHTING
The vehicle must have a functional external lighting system, including:
a)
Two front headlights
b)
Two front turn indicators
c)
Two rear turn indicators
d)
Two red brake lights in the rear
e)
Two red rear running lights
f)
The centre of each headlight unit must be located at an equal distance and at least 300 mm from
the centre-line of the vehicle.
g)
The mandatory red indicator light for the self-starter operation must be separate from any of the
above (see Article 64:c).
h)
A Hazard light function must be included in the vehicle system.
ARTICLE 51:BRAKING
a)
The vehicle must be equipped with a four-disc hydraulic brake system, with a single brake pedal,
which has a minimum surface area of 2500 mm². The brake pedal must operate the master
cylinders either directly or through a rigid mechanical link. Wires/cables are not allowed.
Commercially available brake systems (discs and calipers) with a minimum disc thickness of 3 mm
are mandatory. Manufacturer’s documentation is required to demonstrate authenticity. Bicycle
brakes are not allowed.
b)
The brakes must operate independently on the front and rear axles or in an X pattern (i.e. right front
wheel with left rear wheel, and left front wheel with right rear wheel).
c)
A single master cylinder may be used provided it has a dual circuit. A maximum of two master
cylinders is allowed.
d)
The effectiveness of the brake system will be tested during vehicle inspection. The vehicle must
remain immobile with the Driver inside when it is placed on a 20 percent incline with the main
brake in place. Moreover, a dynamic inspection may be performed on the vehicle-handling course.
e)
A parking brake function is required to keep the car stationary during technical inspections and fuel
measurements. It must provide a brake force of at least 50 N.
f)
Wet weather capability is mandatory (see Article 52:a)).
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ARTICLE 52: WET WEATHER RUNNING
a)
During weather conditions of light rain/drizzle, the UrbanConcept vehicles (only) may be required
to drive on the track during competition with approval from the Race Director. Therefore, all
UrbanConcept vehicles must be adequate for running under such conditions.
b)
The vehicle must be equipped with an effective electric windscreen wiper arm assembly typically
found in a production car.
c)
The operation of the wiper assembly must be activated by an independent switch easily accessible
to the driver.
d)
The wiper operation must provide the driver a clear view.
e)
The vehicle must be adequately ventilated to prevent driver’s compartment from fogging.
f)
It is required that the vehicle’s electrical system be suitable for wet weather conditions to prevent
malfunction.
g)
The effectiveness of the vehicle to run in wet conditions will be evaluated during the initial
inspection phase.
h)
Tyres must have a minimum tread of 1.6 mm (see Article 49:).
i)
The vehicle’s brake effectiveness may be re-inspected before and/or after any run.
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4. ENERGY SOURCES
4A – GENERAL
ARTICLE 53: ENERGY TYPES
Vehicles may only use any one of the following energies:
a)
Internal Combustion*:
i.
Shell FuelSave Unleaded 95 (Europe and Asia)/Shell Nitrogen Enriched (US) Gasoline.**
ii.
Shell FuelSave Diesel (Europe)/Shell Diesel (Asia and US).
iii. Ethanol E100 (Denatured)
iv. Shell Gas to Liquid (100% GtL)
b)
*
All Internal Combustion fuels will be ranked jointly in one prize category called
‘Internal combustion’ on an energy content corrected basis. (See Article 100:)
**
The gasoline and diesel provided by the Organisers during the competition are the
Shell fuels prevalent in the local market where the event takes place. For testing and
tuning purposes in the team’s home countries where Shell fuels may not be available
it is recommended to use the locally available Unleaded 95 (87 US) or Diesel
instead.
Electric Mobility***:
i.
Hydrogen.
ii.
Battery Electric.
***
Results for Hydrogen and Battery Electric teams will be ranked in two (2) separate
prize categories (See Article 100:)
ARTICLE 54: RESULTS CALCULATIONS
a)
All live results displayed at on-site monitors as well as the internet during the competition are
provisional until verified and published by the Organisers after the completion of the event, usually
within three days after the event.
b)
For Prototype vehicles, the results will be calculated based on the propulsion energy consumed.
c)
For UrbanConcept vehicles, the results will be calculated based on the propulsion energy consumed
PLUS the electrical energy consumed by the vehicle as measured by a joulemeter.
d)
Results for the Internal Combustion Category will be expressed in kilometres per litre (km/l) or miles
per gallon (mpg) depending on region (i.e. theoretical distance covered using energy of gasoline
equivalent) corrected to a temperature of 15° C on a tank-to-wheel basis.
i.
Regardless of the fuel used, for the internal combustion category, the measurement will be
determined from this equivalent consumption of gasoline. This calculation will be performed
using the net calorific value (NCV), which represents the quantity of energy released per unit
mass or volume of fuel during complete combustion yielding steam and carbon dioxide, and
the energy consumed from the battery as measured by the joulemeter, and corrected to allow
for the efficiency of the electricity production process. Note: In 2018 the inclusion of electrical
energy consumed is only applicable for UrbanConcept vehicles (See Article 54:b)).
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ii.
Typical NCV values (mass basis) for different fuels are given in the table below. The NCV
values (vol.) at 15 °C are calculated on the day of competition by multiplying the actual massbased NCV by the fuel density at 15 °C.
ENERGY TYPE
NCV BY MASS (kJ/kg)
Shell FuelSave Unleaded 95 (Europe and Asia), Shell Nitrogen
Enriched (US) Gasoline
42,900
Shell FuelSave Diesel (Europe), Shell Diesel (Asia and US)
42,600
Ethanol E100
26,900
Gas to Liquid
44,000
Hydrogen
119,930
iii. Example: A distance of 1,000 km is covered with one litre of Shell FuelSave Diesel and the
total electrical energy consumed is 200 kJ. Given that the general density values of diesel and
gasoline are 0.83716 and 0.7646 kg/l @ 15°C respectively, and NCVs as per the table
above, then the corresponding gasoline equivalent volumes consumed are:
Diesel: 1 x 0.83716 x 42600 / (42900 x 0.7646) = 1.09 litres gasoline
Electricity: 200 / 0.25 / 0.75 / (42900 x 0.7646) = 0.03 litres gasoline
Nett = 1.09 + 0.03 = 1.12 litres gasoline
Where
0.25 = efficiency of the engine conversion process
0.75 = the efficiency of engine driven alternator generated electricity
The final fuel consumption result is thus:
Fuel consumption (km/L) -= 1000 / 1.12 = 892.9 km/litre gasoline equivalent at a
reference temperature of 15°C
iv. The results for hybrid vehicles will be expressed based on the primary energy used.
e)
Results for Battery Electric vehicles will be expressed in kilometres per kilowatt hour (km/kWh), or
miles/kWh depending on region, and will be determined by using a joulemeter supplied by the
Organisers.
f)
Fuel Cell vehicles will use a flow meter to measure the H2 consumed, and the energy consumed
from the starter or accessory battery as measured by the joulemeter. The results will be calculated
using the NCV of H2 listed above and expressed in km/m3 hydrogen. Note: In 2018 the inclusion
of electrical energy consumed is only applicable for UrbanConcept vehicles (See Article 54:b)).
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ARTICLE 55: FUELS SUPPLY AND HANDLING
a)
Only the fuels listed in Article 53: will be as provided to the Participants by the Organisers during
the event.
b)
No additives may be added to the fuel. Only the energy derived from the combustion of the fuel
in the presence of air alone within the engine system may be used for forward propulsion.
No other material that could serve as engine fuel may be used at any time during the event.
c)
Participants handling fuel must wear safety glasses and chemically resistant gloves.
d)
No additives, catalysts, water injection, or fuel treatment devices are allowed.
ARTICLE 56: JOULEMETERS
a)
Joulemeters will be installed on all UrbanConcept, prototype battery electric, and selected Prototype
ICE and hydrogen vehicles.
b)
The Organisers will provide a joulemeter to selected teams at the event.
c)
Joulemeters must be installed inside the engine compartment. Joulemeters mounted outside the
vehicle are forbidden.
i.
For non-battery electric vehicles, the joulemeter must be easy to read and reset.
Easy to read means someone standing outside the vehicle can easily read the screen of
the joulemeter and have access to the on-off switch at the side of the of the joulemeter
ii.
d)
For battery electric vehicles, the joulemeter must be positioned so that the display can be easily
read and reset from the outside of the vehicle without the removal of any vehicle body
components. It is acceptable to access the joulemeter from outside the vehicle though a hinged
door.
Joulemeter placement in vehicle electrical circuit:
i.
For UrbanConcept and non-battery electric Prototypes vehicles, the joulemeter must be installed
between the battery and the vehicle electrical system.
For ICE vehicles, the starter motor cable must be connected after the joulemeter but before
the main vehicle fuse. This placement is to insure the joulemeter measures the starter energy.
The starter motor is not required to be fused.
ii.
For Prototype battery electric vehicles, the joulemeter should be located between the vehicle
electrical system and the motor controller.
iii. For hydrogen vehicles without an accessory battery the joulemeter must be located between
the external starter battery (see Article 65:k)ii and the vehicle electrical system.
iv. The horn circuit may be powered by a separate circuit connected directly to the battery (see
Article 31:d)).
This means the horn circuit does not need to pass through the joulemeter (if installed) and
the horn energy will not be measured by the joulemeter
e)
The location and placement of the joulemeter will be verified during technical inspection.
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ARTICLE 57: VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
a)
For safety reasons, the maximum voltage on board of any vehicle at any point must not exceed
48 Volts nominal and 60 Volts max (This includes on-board batteries, external batteries,
supercapacitors, fuel cell stack, etc.).
b)
For all vehicles, only one on-board battery is allowed.
i.
For ICE and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles this is the accessory battery (see Article 57:h)
ii.
For battery electric vehicles this is the propulsion battery, which means that an accessory
battery is not allowed.
Battery definition: A ‘battery’ is defined as a source of electrical energy, which has exactly
two connectors and comes as a single unit. This single unit may contain more than one subunit.
c)
The battery must be installed outside of the Driver’s compartment behind the bulkhead. (See Article
27:) Batteries mounted directly under the driver’s seat are prohibited.
d)
If Lithium-based batteries are used,
i.
ii.
Battery Management Systems (BMS) must be tailored to the lithium chemistry to control and
protect the battery against risk of fire.
1.
The BMS must provide cell balancing and overvoltage protection during off-track
charging.
2.
For battery electric vehicles, the additional requirement of cell level over-discharge, cell
level overcurrent and battery over-temperature must be provided as part of the onvehicle system. The BMS must AUTOMATICALLY isolate the battery, without operator
intervention, if a limit or out of range condition is reached on any of the above
parameters.
For all self-built batteries, the following applies (note: a battery with a separately purchased
BMS is also considered a self-built battery).
1.
If there are one or more cells or modules, the overcurrent protection value for cells in
parallel must be selected such that under normal operating or expected failure
conditions, no single cell will be exposed to current beyond its rating.
2.
All cells or modules must be identical in configuration. (i.e. a battery constructed from
cells of different capacities is not allowed).
iii. Charging of batteries must be done with the battery charger purchased together with
the battery or a purpose-built charger specifically suited to the given battery chemistry.
For self-built batteries, teams must demonstrate that the charger is suitable and is integrated
with the BMS system.
iv. The maximum capacity of any Lithium-based battery used is 1,000 Wh. For batteries not rated
in Wh, the Wh rating is calculated by multiplying the amp-hour rating of the battery by its
nominal voltage.
v.
Protection for Lithium-based battery charging, whether in or out of the vehicle must be provided,
see Article 24:h).
vi. Any Lithium based battery must be equipped with a solid metal containment tray under the
battery OR the battery must be enclosed in a battery charging bag. Either the tray or bag
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must be suitable to prevent the battery, in the event of a battery fire, from burning through the
battery mounting or the vehicle body and dropping to the ground. Lightweight aluminium,
other semi-metallic materials, or non-solid trays are not acceptable as metal containment.
vii. Power tool or hand-held equipment batteries are not permitted as a battery electric propulsion
battery.
viii. Printed manufacturer’s documentation for lithium-based batteries and the associated battery
management system must be available for review during technical inspection for the battery
and BMS to be acceptable (see Article 58:c).
e)
All batteries and Supercapacitors must be short circuit protected. Protection may be in the form of
a fuse, fusible link, or a current interrupting device (circuit breaker). Automatic reclosing current
interrupting devices are not allowed. Short circuit protection devices must be located on the positive
conductor and as close as possible, or a maximum 300 mm from the positive terminal of the battery
or Supercapacitor. The rating of the short circuit protection device must be such that the battery or
Supercapacitor will be able to supply enough short circuit current at all times to open the device.
For vehicles with a starter motor, the starter motor cable is NOT required to be protected.
f)
For safety reasons, both the positive and negative circuits of the propulsion battery (for battery
electric vehicles) or Supercapacitors must be electrically isolated from the vehicle body and frame
or any vehicle metal components.
g)
All vehicle electrical circuits must be protected against electrical overload. Overload protection
may be in the form of fixed current limits within electric controllers or by the insertion of individual
circuit fuses.
h)
Accessory battery
i.
The accessory battery provides all allowed electrical needs such as safety devices (windscreen
wipers, lights, hydrogen sensors, hydrogen relays and hydrogen shutdown valve), ignition,
fuel injection control, and starter motor.
ii.
The capacity of the accessory battery must be sufficient to power all the electrical loads while
on track with a sufficient capacity safety margin. For lithium based accessory batteries, a load
analysis is required to validate sufficient battery capacity. The load analysis will be reviewed
during technical inspection.
iii. The accessory battery may also power electrically driven engine components such as engine
oil and cooling pumps, electric turbo compounding, electromechanical variable valve timing,
compressors/blowers, etc. The use of electric fuel pumps remains forbidden.
For 2018, only UrbanConcept vehicles are allowed to utilize electrically driven engine
components.
i)
The following devices may be powered by batteries other than the propulsion or accessory battery
provided they use built-in batteries: radio communication system, driver ventilators.
j)
All electrical/electronic enclosures purchased or built by the teams must be made of transparent
material or at least have a transparent cover to allow the technical inspectors to view the contents.
k)
Electrical wiring should be in good condition, neat, clearly labelled, secured and not close to
any moving parts (e.g. wheels, chains). “Spaghetti” wiring is discouraged, and the Organisers
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may ask the team to re-wire the electrical system (it should be clear where each wire is going for
easy inspection).
Spaghetti wiring is wiring that looks like a plate of spaghetti, or a rat’s nest. Teams may be
required to re-do their wiring if deemed inappropriate.
ARTICLE 58: TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION
a)
b)
Competitors need to provide technical documentation in 2 stages:
i.
Prior to the event during the online submittal process (see Article 58:b)).
This documentation serves only to verify that the teams understand the Rules. Online approval
in no way constitutes a pre-approval for the Technical Inspection phase.
ii.
At the event (see Article 58:c))
This should be a precise technical description of the vehicle. During technical inspection, the
documentation will be compared against the vehicle. Deviations between the technical
documentation and the vehicle will be required to be reconciled prior to passing technical
inspection.
Technical Documentation – prior to event.
i.
Competitors must provide, through the online submittal process, documentation on the vehicle
energy supply and propulsion system. It is not necessary to submit detailed component
specifications or electrical schematics as part of the online submittal process.
ii.
Energy supply block diagram
The online submitted energy supply block diagram and associated text description must
contain information describing the energy flow and component function for the vehicle energy
systems. Specific items to be included in the block diagram for each energy category are
listed below:

ICE: engine, fuel tank, fuel line, injector, pressure relief valves, pressure regulators, pressure
gauge, compressed air bottle, vehicle cut-off mechanism

H2: Fuel cell, cylinder, solenoid valve, pressure regulator, flow meter, motor controller,
motor, supercapacitor, vehicle cut-off mechanism

BE: Motor, battery/BMS, fuse, wiring, e-stop switches, motor controller, vehicle cut-off
mechanism
iii. Propulsion system block diagram
The online submitted propulsion system block diagram and associated text description must
contain information describing the propulsion mechanism for each energy category below:
c)

ICE: Engine/Motor to road (engine, transmission, clutch, wheel, motor, supercapacitor,
motor controller)

H2: Motor to road

BE: Motor to road
Technical Documentation – at event (to be reviewed during Technical Inspection)
i.
Competitors must have available for inspection with the vehicle printed documentation
describing selective technical aspects of the vehicle. The printed documentation must be bound
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and divided into the following sections. The specific required sections for each energy
category are defined below.
ICE energy category

Energy Supply Diagram

Propulsion System Diagram

Electrical Schematic

Hybrid System +

Battery/BMS ++
Battery Electric energy category

Energy Supply Diagram (Electrical Schematic)

Propulsion System Diagram

Battery/BMS

Motor/Motor Controller
Hydrogen category

Energy Supply Diagram

Propulsion System Diagram

Fuel Cell

Electrical Schematic

Motor/Motor Controller

Supercapacitor +

Battery/BMS ++
+ If included in the vehicle
++ If a Lithium-based accessory battery is included in the vehicle
ii.
The minimal contents of each of the above required sections are defined below.

Energy Supply Diagram: include updated diagrams and associated descriptive text as
defined in Article 58:b)) above.

Electrical Schematic: provide a vehicle level schematic showing all vehicle wiring and
associated components and connections. The schematic should include component values
such as voltage levels and fuse ratings. Schematics of components such as the engine
management system or fuel cell controller are not required in this section.

Hybrid System: include manufacturers’ component specifications at the lowest level of
purchased components. Include diagrams describing the power flow into and out of the
hybrid system. Include supercapacitor documentation (see the Supercapacitor section
below).
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
Battery/BMS: (For Lithium-based batteries only) Provide battery/BMS manufacturer
component specifications at the lowest level of purchased components. At minimum, the
battery documentation should include cell chemistry, cell electrical characteristics, cell series
or parallel configurations, battery voltage, and current ratings. The BMS data MUST include:
1.
Cell over-voltage and under-voltage protection limits
2.
Battery over-current limit (not required for accessory battery)
3.
Operation of cell balancing (how and when)
4.
Battery over-temperature limit (not required for accessory battery)
5.
How the BMS will protect the battery when an over-voltage, under-voltage, over-current
or over-temperature condition is reached, i.e. how will the BMS protect or isolate the
battery, in the case of Battery Electric Vehicles, when these limits are reached?

Motor/Motor Controller: Provide motor/motor controller manufacturers component
specifications at the lowest level of purchased components. For Battery Electric Vehicles,
include design documentation on the purpose-built motor controller. The documentation may
contain control flow diagrams, motor controller and sub-component schematics and PC
board layouts if PC boards were used. Also, include software documentation if software
was written as part of the motor controller development.

Fuel Cell: Provide fuel cell manufacturers component specifications at the lowest level of
purchased components. This should also include the surface area of the fuel cells, rated
power and voltage.

Supercapacitors: Provide supercapacitor manufacturers component specifications at the
lowest level of purchased components. At a minimum, include supercapacitor system rated
voltage and maximum current.
4B – INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
ARTICLE 59: PROPULSION
The type and design of the internal combustion engines are not restricted; however, they must run
only on the fuel provided by the Organisers and must not consume any engine oil (2 stroke engines are
not allowed).
ARTICLE 60: OTHER ON-BOARD ENERGY SOURCES
a)
For all fuel categories stored pneumatic energy not replaced during the competition by the engine
may only be used for the fuel injection system. Fuel pumps are permitted for all fuels provided they
are mechanically driven by the engine only.
Electric fuel pumps are prohibited.
b)
It is permitted to pressurise the liquid fuel tanks, to feed the engine, only under the following
conditions:
i.
Pressurisation is done by means of a translucent compressed air bottle fitted with a safety valve
set to 5 bars maximum – or the lower operation pressure of the vehicle system.
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ii.
The system must include a standard valve as used for car tires to enable verification/control
of the pressure setting for the safety valve.
iii. The said pressurisation is done in the starting area by means of an air pump.
iv. The Driver must not modify the pressure during the competition.
c)
Auxiliary energy sources (chemical, latent energy from phase changes, etc.) are not permitted.
d)
Engine temperature can be regulated with a pressurized pure water or commercially available
coolant in a cooling system powered by an electrical pump.
e)
For Prototype vehicles, if the engine temperature is regulated with water, the said regulation should
be limited to the use of pure, un-pressurised water as coolant and a mechanical water pump.
f)
The external regulation temperature of the engine by external heating devices is limited to 100 °C.
ARTICLE 61: FUEL TANKS (ICE VEHICLES)
a)
The vehicle must be equipped with only one of the following approved fuel tanks supplied by
the Organisers:
Tank capacities: Prototype: 30, 100 or 250 cc
UrbanConcept: 30, 100, 250 or 350 cc
b)
Only tanks bearing a clearly visible stamp proving its “APAVE”* certification compliance can be
used for pressurised systems.
*APAVE tests fuel tanks and certifies their ability to withstand a pressure of five bar.
c)
The fuel tank must be mounted in an accessible and at zero-degree vertical position which allows
in-situ filling with a burette of approximately 1 metre height.
d)
The fuel tank must be mounted in a way that its top is at least 50 mm below the roll bar and far
from any moving parts, batteries, heat and ignition sources.
e)
The fuel tank cap, whether it is leak proof or not (drilled), must be in place at all times during the
competition. For diesel engines, a small (<3 mm) hole must be drilled in the centre of the cap to
allow air to enter the tank, hence allow fuel out.
f)
Fuel return lines must be fed into the fuel feed line below the fuel tank. For diesel engines, the return
line can be fitted to the fuel cap only if the engine was originally equipped with a manual priming
pump and this return line and the pump have not been modified.
g)
Teams must equip their vehicle with clear fuel lines which are not prone to expansion when
pressurised (max. internal diameter 8 mm).
h)
For all pressurised fuel systems, the hoses connecting the pressure bottle to the fuel tank cap must
be flexible (do not need to be Rilsan/Nylon type) to allow easy connection and to prevent side
loading to the tank necks.
ARTICLE 62: FUEL SYSTEM
a)
Participants must provide a description and a precise technical drawing of the fuel supply system
from tank to engine.
b)
This system must be designed that it can be completely drained and refilled before the competition.
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c)
The fuel line between the tank and the engine must not include any additional components, for
example filters. A second valve directly at the bottom of the fuel tank is tolerated.
d)
For diesel engines, a cut-off solenoid valve is required. See Article 37:b)
e)
Engines with carburettors are prohibited (Fuel injection is mandatory).
f)
The air intake manifolds must not contain any fuel (or be able to accumulate any fuel) or blowby
gas when the vehicle is on the starting line prior to departure. Air filters are not allowed in the
intake system. Blowby gas must not be recycled during the competition but must be collected in a
specific canister for environmental protection.
Blowby gas: gas inside the engine (in particular oil vapours, unburnt gas or gas in the
combustion chamber that has not been evacuated in the exhaust). This gas is usually recovered
at the intake manifold. This is known as blowby gas re-circulation.
g)
The fuel system must be easily accessible for inspection and measurements.
h)
It must be possible to set the fuel supply system to atmospheric pressure for measurement of the fuel
level. The pressurisation system must be equipped with a pressure gauge and normal running
pressure must be clearly marked on the gauge.
i)
The standard fuel consumption measurement method for liquid fuels is by volumetric replacement of
the fuel consumed with a temperature corrected volume of the fuel.
j)
The fuel consumption of all ICE vehicles which have achieved more than 1500 km/l (3528 mpg)
in the past will be measured gravimetrically. At the start a member of the Technical Team will fill
the fuel system and then the entire fuel system (including tank, injector, pipes, injector) will be
weighed on a precision balance. All these components must be compact and easily detachable
for weighing purposes. After completion of a successful run, the entire fuel system will be de-installed
and weighed again on the same balance. This handling of the fuel system, including mounting to
and dismounting from the vehicle and transporting it to the weighing room must be performed by
a competent team member who has a valid access pass. The entire process of handling the fuel
system will be supervised by a member of the Technical Team who will also perform the weighing
must witnessed by a Participant.
k)
Fuel is a volatile product. Therefore, it is not allowed to artificially increase the fuel system
temperature, which would lead to the formation of vapour locks. Conversely, cooling or
refrigeration of the fuel below ambient temperature is also prohibited.
ARTICLE 63: VEHICLES USING HYBRID TECHNOLOGY
a)
A Supercapacitor is the only allowed energy storage device for hybrid vehicles. Mechanical or
hydraulic energy storage is not permitted. The use of any battery in the hybrid propulsion system is
forbidden.
b)
This capacitor must be the only source of stored energy for the electric motor driving the vehicle.
c)
Two connectors must be installed safely outside the vehicle to allow the voltage measurement on
the starting line. These must be labelled “Supercapacitor Voltage”.
d)
The state of charge of the Supercapacitor will be checked before and after each run by measuring
its voltage. The voltage registered after the run must be at least equal to the voltage registered
before the run. In the event of the contrary, the Supercapacitor must be re-charged by running the
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engine until its voltage is equal to the voltage registered before the run. The time required to
recharge the Supercapacitor by running the engine after the competition is added to the recorded
time of the relevant run.
e)
The entire electric circuitry must be correctly fused to prevent overloading any of its parts. This fuse
needs to be clearly identified in the technical drawings and easily visible and accessible for
Technical Inspection (see Article 57:g)).
ARTICLE 64: STARTER
a)
An electric starter must be used during the competition. Manual hand starting is prohibited.
b)
It must be clearly established that the starter is never capable of providing any forward propulsion
to the vehicle.
c)
Starter light: A clearly visible red indicator light, equivalent in its luminescence to a 21 W light
bulb, must be installed on the rear of the vehicle and must be clearly visible from both sides of the
track to signal any operation of the starter motor.
d)
If Track Marshals report the repeated or intensive use of the electric starter by a Team, the
Organisers reserve the right to order an immediate inspection of the vehicle. If any non-compliance
is observed, the Team will be penalised accordingly.
e)
At the start, the starter and hence the starter light must be extinguished by the time the rear wheel
of the vehicle crosses the start line. Failing to comply will invalidate the run and count towards the
maximum number of attempts.
4C – ELECTRIC PROPULSION
ARTICLE 65: FUEL CELL POWERED VEHICLES
a)
Fuel system
i.
Participants must provide a description and a process flow diagram of the fuel supply system.
ii.
The fuel system must be easily accessible for inspection and measurements.
iii. The fuel cell must run by itself. The electricity needed for temperature regulation, fan,
compressor, electronic management system for the fuel cell and the electric motor must be
supplied by the fuel cell and not by the accessory battery.
iv. The hydrogen system must be designed as follows:
H2 cylinder  Pressure regulator directly attached to the cylinder  Emergency shutdown
valve directly attached to the outlet of the pressure regulator  Flow meter  Fuel Cell
v.
b)
The flow meter must be fixed at the inlet of the fuel cell. Both must be at the same pressure.
Hydrogen cylinders
i.
FC-powered vehicle must use a compressed hydrogen cylinder, referred to hereafter as a
cylinder, as provided by the Organisers during the entire event. Only one cylinder may be
fitted to a vehicle at any time.
ii.
Cartridges and any other means of hydrogen storage are not permitted.
iii. For Prototypes vehicles, the following cylinders will be provided:
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Europe:
B04 cylinder, 0.4 litre of hydrogen at 200 bar
(60 mm/320 mm) 1.4 kg
Americas:
Exchange cylinder ~ 152 bar
5.3” X 17.1” (135 mm x 434 mm), 8.6 lbs. (3.9 kg)
Asia:
Catalina MD cylinder, 2.9 litre of hydrogen @139 bar
(111 mm x 424 mm), 2.4 kg
iv. For UrbanConcept vehicles, the following cylinders will be provided:
v.
Europe:
B1 cylinder, 1 litre of hydrogen at 200 bar
(100 mm x 350 mm) 2.57 kg
and
B04 cylinder, 0.4 litre of hydrogen at 200 bar
(60 mm/320 mm) 1.4 kg
Americas:
Exchange cylinder ~ 152 bar
5.3” X 17.1” (135 mm x 434 mm), 8.6 lbs. (3.9 kg)
Asia:
Catalina MD cylinder, 2.9 litre of hydrogen @139 bar
(111 mm x 424 mm), 2.4 kg
All cylinders must be installed on the vehicle under the supervision of the Technical Team.
Participants are not allowed to keep any cylinders in their possession overnight. Upon arrival
at the circuit, Team Managers must contact the Technical Team, who will organise all relevant
logistics.
vi. The cylinder must be installed securely in the vehicle to minimise movement and stress on
pipework when the vehicle is moving.
c)
Ventilation
The vehicle body must allow for ventilation at the highest point of the fuel cell compartment,
providing an orifice with a minimum opening of 500 mm². Another 500 mm² opening must be
provided at the highest point of the driver compartment.
d)
Hydrogen detector
i.
A hydrogen sensor must be installed in the fuel cell compartment, near the main ventilation
orifice mentioned above. This hydrogen sensor must drive the emergency shutdown valve and
relay mentioned below. The trip level of the hydrogen sensor must be tuned to 25% of the LEL
(Lower Explosive Limit) of hydrogen, i.e. 1% of hydrogen in air. A test will be carried out during
the technical inspection.
For commercial Fuel Cells with integrated H2 detector it is still required to fit a H2 sensor as
described above.
ii.
e)
The reset of the hydrogen detector, i.e., the hydrogen sensor and its electronics, must be done
manually via a switch located in the fuel cell compartment. This switch must not be accessible
by the Driver from the cockpit.
Emergency shutdown valve and relay
i.
The hydrogen supply circuit must be equipped with a solenoid emergency shutdown valve.
This valve must be normally closed in the absence of electricity.
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SHELL ECO-MARATHON
2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
ii.
The power supply to the motor must be automatically cut off at the same time as the above
emergency shutdown valve is activated. This is to be achieved by a suitable fail-safe relay.
iii. This valve and relay must be activated by any of the following three scenarios:
1.
Through hydrogen detection as explained above
2.
Through the emergency push-button located on the outside of the vehicle. The emergency
shutdown sticker provided by the Organisers must be positioned on the vehicle body to
clearly indicate the place of this emergency push-button. See Article 37:f)
3.
Through another emergency push-button, accessible by the Driver in driving position
iv. In case of activation by one of these three scenarios, the valve and relay must act
simultaneously.
v.
f)
These three scenarios will be tested during Technical Inspection and before each attempt.
Pipes and connections of the hydrogen circuit
i.
In all cases, piping and connectors of the hydrogen circuit must be designed for hydrogen
use. The Team Manager must be able to present during the technical inspection the technical
data sheets from the manufacturer of these piping and connectors to show that they are suitable
for hydrogen use.
The use of PTFE pipes is recommended. PU tubing should not be used as this tends to leak.
ii.
If the pressure in the hydrogen circuit is higher than 1.5 bar absolute (= 0.5 bar above
atmospheric pressure) piping must be made of steel and connectors must be
screw/compression type.
iii. If the pressure in the hydrogen circuit is lower than 1.5 bar absolute (= 0.5 bar above
atmospheric pressure) flexible piping and unscrewed connectors are accepted.
iv. PTFE (Teflon) sealing tape must not be used because it can damage the flow meter. In any
case Participants are responsible for damage to the flow meter due to wrong connections.
g)
Purge pipe
If a purge pipe is needed, its end must be located outside the vehicle.
h)
Measurements and Equivalencies
i.
The consumption of hydrogen is measured by an embedded flow meter. The flow meter will
be checked/calibrated by the Organisers before Technical Inspection.
ii.
The flow meter must be purchased from the Organisers.
iii. The volume of hydrogen consumed is posted in normal litres. The display of the flow meter
must be easy to read from outside the vehicle, when the vehicle body is closed. It must be
inaccessible by the Driver in normal driving position.
iv. The serial number on the hydrogen flow meter must not be covered or removed.
i)
Oxygen and air reserves
The use of non-replaced oxygen or compressed air reserves is forbidden.
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j)
Supercapacitors
i.
If an embedded electric storage device is part of the power-train, it must be of capacitor type,
referred to hereafter as ‘Supercapacitor’. Other types of embedded electric storage device
(Pb, NiMh, etc. batteries) are forbidden.
ii.
The state of charge of the Supercapacitor will be checked before and after each run by
measuring the Supercapacitor voltage. Two measurement points (Supercapacitor voltage +
and – a labelled “Supercapacitor voltage”) must be installed outside the vehicle to allow the
voltage measurement on the starting line.
iii. The voltage registered after the run must be at least equal to the voltage registered before the
run. In the event of the contrary, the Supercapacitor must be re-charged by running the fuel
cell until their voltage is equal to the voltage registered before the run. The additional time
required to recharge the Supercapacitor by running the fuel cell after the competition is added
to the recorded time of the relevant run
iv. The maximum Supercapacitor voltage must not exceed that referenced in Article 57:a).
k)
Fuel cell starter battery
i.
Accessory battery
If the accessory battery can be electrically isolated from the fuel cell output, the accessory
battery can be used to start the fuel cell. The battery is considered electrically isolated when
energy from the accessory battery cannot contribute to vehicle propulsion.
ii.
External battery
If the accessory battery cannot be isolated from the fuel cell output, an external battery must
be used on the starting line to start the fuel cell system.
1.
As soon as the vehicle starts to move, this battery must be unplugged.
2.
Two connectors must be installed outside the vehicle to allow a quick connection and
fuel cell system start on the starting line. These external connectors must be securely
fastened to the vehicle.
iii. As mentioned in Article 57:h)i, it is mandatory to power the hydrogen detector using the
accessory battery. This battery must also power the emergency shutdown valve, relay and
lighting system for UrbanConcept vehicles.
l)
Electrical circuit/Electronics
i.
All wiring associated with the accessory battery circuit must be clearly distinguishable from the
propulsion system by physical isolation or the use of different wire colours.
ii.
A fuse must be installed on the positive terminal of the fuel cell stack. Its melting current
(expressed in Amps) must be less than the active area (expressed in square centimetres) of one
cell of the stack. For instance, if the active surface of one cell of a 20 cell stack is 60 cm², the
melting current of the fuse must not exceed 60 A.
iii. If a Supercapacitor is used in the circuit, a fuse must be installed on the positive terminal of
the Supercapacitor pack. The fuse rating must be less than or equal to the maximum usable
power divided by the rated voltage.
m)
Other equipment
Compressors, fans and coolers for the fuel cell system must be powered by the fuel cell or
Supercapacitor, not by the accessory battery.
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SHELL ECO-MARATHON
2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
ARTICLE 66: NOT USED
ARTICLE 67: BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLES
a)
The drive train in the ‘Battery Electric’ category is restricted to a maximum of one electric storage
device, and up to two electric motors, with associated control units. The electric motors may be
purchased, purchased-and-modified, or purpose-built. The motor controller MUST be purpose-built
for the Shell Eco-marathon. Modifications to purchased motor controllers or the use of purchased
motor controller evaluation kits are not acceptable. Motor controllers built from sub-components
such as single-board computers, power stages, etc. are encouraged. If a motor controller is built
incorporating one or more single printed circuit boards (PCBs), the text “SEM” needs to be included
in the mask of the PCB etching. If the motor controller includes controlling software, the software
must be developed or integrated for the Shell Eco-marathon.
b)
Only Lithium-based batteries are permitted as electric storage devices.
c)
The vehicle must be equipped with an onboard Battery Management System (BMS) to control and
protect the battery against risk of fire as defined in Article 57:d).
Any BMS for propulsion batteries must provide an AUTOMATIC isolation of this battery in the
event of any measured parameters getting out of their designed range.
d)
The Lithium-based battery and any accessory circuits are subject to the maximum voltage defined
in Article 57:a).
e)
Participants are required to present a printed copy of their electrical schematics at Technical
Inspection. See Article 58:c)
f)
All batteries must be placed outside the Driver’s compartment behind the bulkhead and securely
mounted. Bungee cords or other elastic materials are not permitted for securing the battery.
See Article 25:i)
g)
All electrical circuits must be protected as defined in Article 57:g).
h)
All ‘Battery Electric’ vehicles which complete a successful run will be classified in descending order
of fuel economy, expressed in distance/kWh, where distance is either miles or km depending on
the region.
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
5. ON-VEHICLE TELEMETRY EQUIPMENT
ARTICLE 80:
a)
GENERAL
For 2018, all UrbanConcept, and selected Prototype teams must install the telemetry system
provided by the Organiser for the duration of the event. This system is composed of an onboard
computer, external antenna, a dedicated battery system, internal connector box and cables, and
one or more energy measurement sensors, dependent on the vehicle’s energy type.
Note: From 2019 onwards, all Prototype vehicles may be required to carry a Shell Ecomarathon telemetry system.
b)
The Organisers will be responsible for supply of the telemetry system to selected teams upon their
arrival at each event. Complete instructions and support will be supplied by the Organisers.
Documents detailing the on-board telemetry equipment are available on the Shell Eco-marathon
website.
ARTICLE 81: ONBOARD COMPUTER
a)
Mounting location and instructions will be made available to the teams from the Shell Ecomarathon’s participant website.
b)
The onboard computer will be powered by a dedicated battery system provided by the Organisers.
The dedicated battery system must remain isolated from the vehicle electrical system.
ARTICLE 82: EXTERNAL ANTENNA
Each onboard computer is accompanied with an antenna pod. This pod must be mounted on the outside
of vehicles that has an unobstructed view of the sky. The mounting of this antenna requires a 32 mm
diameter hole in the body of the vehicle.
ARTICLE 83: HYDROGEN FLOW METER
a)
All UrbanConcept Hydrogen vehicles must be fitted with the hydrogen flowmeter. The onboard
computer will be connected to the flowmeter via a 1 meter cable.
b)
The hydrogen flowmeter is a Vogtlin Red-y smart series Hi performance GSM-B9TA-BN00 specially
calibrated for Shell Eco-marathon.
ARTICLE 84: LIQUID FLOWMETER
a)
All Urban Concept Internal Combustion Engine vehicles must be fitted with the liquid flowmeter.
The onboard computer will be connected to the liquid flowmeter via a 1 meter cable.
b)
The liquid flowmeter is a Max Machinery Model P001 specially modified for the Shell
Eco-marathon. The liquid flowmeter kit, must be installed by the teams prior to Technical Inspection.
ARTICLE 85: JOULEMETERS
a)
Joulemeters will be used to measure the vehicle electrical energy and will be installed in all
UrbanConcept vehicles, see Article 56:. In Urban Concept vehicles, the onboard computer will be
connected to the Joulemeter via a 1 meter cable.
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
6. AWARDS AND PRIZES
6A – ON-TRACK AWARDS
ARTICLE 100: ON-TRACK AWARD OVERVIEW AND PRIZES
All on-track prizes and trophies below are awarded twice, once for Prototype and once for
UrbanConcept vehicles, in the three energy categories of Internal Combustion, Hydrogen Fuel Cell, and
Battery Electric.
SHELL ECO-MARATHON
ON-TRACK AWARD
ASIA
AMERICAS
EUROPE
COMMENT
Internal Combustion Winner
US$ 3,000
€2,500
Prize Money, Trophy, on-stage
Winners Ceremony
Internal Combustion Runner-up
US$ 2,000
€1,700
Prize Money only
Internal Combustion 3rd place
US$ 1,500
€1,250
Prize Money only
Internal Combustion 4th place
US$ 1,000
€800
Prize Money only
Internal Combustion 5th place
US$ 750
€600
Prize Money only
Internal Combustion 6th place
US$ 500
€400
Prize Money only
Battery Electric Winner
US$ 3,000
€2,500
Prize Money, Trophy, on-stage
Winners Ceremony
Battery Electric Runner-up
US$ 2,000
€1,700
Prize Money only
Battery Electric 3rd place
US$ 1,500
€1,250
Prize Money only
Battery Electric 4th place
US$ 1,000
€800
Prize Money only
Battery Electric 5th place
US$ 750
€600
Prize Money only
Battery Electric 6th place
US$ 500
€400
Prize Money only
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Winner
US$ 3,000
€2,500
Prize Money, Trophy, on-stage
Winners Ceremony
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Runner-up
US$ 2,000
€1,700
Prize Money only
Hydrogen Fuel Cell 3rd place
US$ 1,500
€1,250
Prize Money only
Hydrogen Fuel Cell 4th place
US$ 1,000
€800
Prize Money only
Hydrogen Fuel Cell 5th place
US$ 750
€600
Prize Money only
Hydrogen Fuel Cell 6th place
US$ 500
€400
Prize Money only
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
6B – OFF-TRACK AWARDS
Participating teams may choose to apply for a maximum of two Off-track Awards; or for three if one
applications is for the Safety Award.
Applications for all Off-track Awards must be relevant for and related to the work carried out for the
Shell Eco-marathon project. Previous award winners cannot re-apply on the basis of the same vehicle
design, innovation, communications or safety campaign. Submission must be clearly different from
previous winning applications. Applications must include the team race number on the cover.
Applications for all Off-track Awards must be made in English language.
To submit an application for a Shell Eco-marathon Off-track Award, the required documents must be
uploaded using the online team registration system. Please refer to Chapter II of the Shell Eco-marathon
2018 Rules of your regional event for the applicable submission deadline.
For all awards, the juries will make their first selection based on the submission received prior to the
competition. All teams shortlisted for an award may then receive a visit by the judges during the event
and are required to make a team member available to them at their request. The judges may ask further
questions, wish to see particular evidence or discuss the team’s submission in more detail.
By submitting an Off-track Award entry, the Team agrees for the Organisers to publish their entry as
deemed necessary to recognise the achievement and provide coaching to other Teams.
Teams cannot apply for the “Perseverance & Spirit of the Event” award, as this award is nominated and
chosen by the Organisers.
ARTICLE 101: OFF-TRACK AWARD OVERVIEW AND PRIZES
All off-track prizes and trophies below are awarded once. Winners will receive the respective prize
money, as well as a trophy on-stage during the Awards Ceremony.
SHELL ECO-MARATHON
OFF-TRACK AWARD
ASIA
AMERICAS
EUROPE
Communications Award
US$3,000
€2,500
Vehicle Design Award Prototype
US$3,000
€2,500
Vehicle Design Award UrbanConcept
US$3,000
€2,500
Technical Innovation Award
US$3,000
€2,500
Safety Award
US$3,000
€2,500
Perseverance & Spirit of the Event Award
US$3,000
€2,500
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
ARTICLE 102: COMMUNICATIONS AWARD
a)
Objective
Participating in this award will require you to plan, execute and evaluate an integrated
communications campaign that tells your unique Shell Eco-marathon story, thinking about how to
capture and engage audiences. You’ll need to plan which social media channels to use (for
example: Snapchat; Facebook; Twitter; Instagram; Tumblr), and how your story might get the
interest of traditional media channels (for example: printed news outlets or televised broadcasts).
You will be challenged to tell your story in creative and compelling ways that will captivate your
audience’s attention by thinking about what makes your story unique and interesting to others.
b)
Overview
The competition consists of three core challenges, that you will be asked to respond to throughout
the course of the 2017/2018 season. The challenges will be announced during the season and
are designed for you to develop and uncover the most interesting aspect of your team, and your
project; and will include a tutorial to help you achieve great results from each challenge.
The effectiveness of your team’s communications campaign will be judged on activities
corresponding to the set challenges, which relate to Shell Eco-marathon only. This could include,
the unveiling of the vehicle, press conferences, photos or videos of the team and the car. Full details
of challenges will be released throughout the season as appropriate.
The winner will be judged on the criteria such as: quality and creativity of the content, volume of
activity as well as the impact (potential reach) and sentiment (positive comments, shares, likes) of
your communications tactics. Further details of scoring system will be made available ahead of
challenges.
In addition, you will be asked to submit a communications plan which will also contribute to your
overall score. This will help you to plan your communications effectively.
Teams applying for the Shell Eco-marathon Communications Award are expected to use the
#shellecomarathon hashtag in all posts.
To be eligible for the Shell Eco-marathon Off-Track Communications Award, your team must have
successfully passed Technical Inspection. Participation in other competitions without a clear
reference to Shell Eco-marathon will not be taken into consideration.
c)
How to participate
Participation in this competition is voluntary. It is necessary that your application identifies one
communications manager for the team. The team’s communications manager must confirm interest
by email to the regional student communications manager by the Phase 2 deadline, therefore
agreeing to be contacted by Shell’s communication agency, Edelman, directly. Teams interested
in applying must participate in every challenge. Specific instructions about the Award will be shared
with teams individually upon registration for the Communications Off-track Award.
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
ARTICLE 103: VEHICLE DESIGN AWARD
a)
Objective
This prize recognises innovative design research and execution and will be awarded to the team,
which presents the most original and coherent vehicle in terms of aesthetics, ergonomics, technical
feasibility, choice of materials and eco-friendliness. Each of these five criteria will be weighted
equally in the Jury’s decision. Due to their non-comparable designs, there will be one award each
for the Prototype and UrbanConcept categories.
b)
Overview
Teams are required to describe their design approach, the basis for their research, factors which
make this design special and issues and solutions encountered during the vehicle production
process. Photographs, drawings and / or animations must be included to illustrate the process.
Teams shortlisted for the Award will be visited by the Jury during the event to answer further question
and present their vehicle.
To be eligible for the Vehicle Design Award, the winning team must have at least one valid
competition attempt, i.e. the team must have a result on the score board.
c)
How to participate
Application for this award is voluntary. Teams interested in winning the Vehicle Design Award must
submit a summary in .pdf format which does not exceed 1,500 words plus photographs, drawings
or animations. This document must contain as a minimum the following information:
i.
Description of the original design idea the team wanted to develop and why
ii.
Seven images of the vehicle (photographs or drawings) which represent the car, such as:

3/4 front perspective view

3/4 rear perspective view

Direct Front view

Direct Rear view

Side view

Top view

Cockpit view
iii. A brief project timeline and overview of the team structure and work allocation
iv. When was this vehicle registered for the first time for Shell Eco-marathon?
v.
What are the new developments this year (if registered before)?
vi. Details about research and tests done to prove the vehicle’s energy-efficiency
vii. Details about vehicle safety and driver ergonomics aspects
viii. Details about the eco-friendly materials used and how well they can be recycled
ix. The weight of the car and details on how the team managed weight reduction
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SHELL ECO-MARATHON
2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
ARTICLE 104: TECHNICAL INNOVATION AWARD
a)
Objective
This award is presented to the Team which demonstrates outstanding technical ingenuity along with
optimal use of new materials, components and inventions in their drive train, chassis, body,
instrumentation and tyres.
b)
Overview
Teams will be required to explain their innovative concept, its features and its benefits, how it relates
to the Shell Eco-marathon competition and the potential it has for ‘real world’ application. Teams
are strongly encouraged to consider all intellectual property developed in conjunction with the Shell
Eco-marathon programme as valuable assets and seek professional advice about its protections
through patents or trademarks before publishing.
To be eligible for the Technical Innovation Award, the winning team must have at least one valid
competition attempt, i.e. the team must have a result on the score board.
c)
How to participate
Application for this award is voluntary. Teams interested in winning the Technical Innovation Award
must submit an application in .pdf format which is not to exceed 1,500 words plus photographs,
drawings or animations as applicable.
ARTICLE 105: SAFETY AWARD
a)
Objective
This award aims to highlight the importance of road and behavioural safety in the Shell Ecomarathon programme and encourages all participating teams to actively implement safe practices
in their daily activities. It challenges all teams to review travel practices, inspect tools and
equipment, and review their procedures to implement changes which lead to higher safety
standards.
b)
Overview
To be eligible for the award, the team must demonstrate excellent understanding of safe design
concepts, road safety, and safe manufacturing process. Furthermore, the team must be able to
demonstrate safe working practices as well as an overall proactive approach to their own and
other people’s safety at the event, both in the paddocks and on the track. In their submission, the
team will also explain changes they have implemented to achieve higher standards of safety both
on and off the track.
To be eligible for the Safety Award the team must successfully pass technical inspection.
c)
How to participate
Application for this award is voluntary. Teams interested in winning the Safety Award must submit
an application in .pdf format which is not to exceed 1,500 words plus. Supporting videos,
photographs, documents, and drawings are encouraged.
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SHELL ECO-MARATHON
2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
ARTICLE 106: PERSEVERANCE AND SPIRIT OF THE EVENT AWARD
This Award is presented to the team which, in the opinion of the Organisers, symbolises best the spirit
and values of Shell Eco-marathon through their actions, which can involve but are not restricted to:

Overcoming great obstacles to attend the Shell Eco-marathon;

Mastering exceptional challenges while participating in the Shell Eco-marathon;

Supporting other participants to help them overcoming significant challenges or obstacles;

Keeping high spirits, showing outstanding resilience, resolve and resourcefulness.

Teams cannot apply for this award.
ARTICLE 107: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
Any work performed in the preparation of vehicles for use in the Shell Eco-marathon programme may
result in the creation of intellectual property. Teams are encouraged to consider all intellectual property
created during the Shell Eco-marathon programme as valuable assets, and to seek professional advice.
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
APPENDIX 1: IDENTIFICATION OF VEHICLES
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2018 OFFICIAL RULES. CHAPTER I
48
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