Ultrastar C10K1800 OEM Specification
Hard Disk Drive Specification
Ultrastar C10K1800
2.5 inch Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) Hard Disk Drive
Models:
HUC101812CSS200
HUC101812CSS201
HUC101812CSS204
HUC101812CSS205
HUC101890CSS200
HUC101890CSS201
HUC101890CSS204
HUC101890CSS205
HUC101860CSS200
HUC101860CSS201
HUC101860CSS204
HUC101860CSS205
HUC101830CSS200
HUC101830CSS201
HUC101830CSS204
HUC101830CSS205
HUC101818CS4200
HUC101818CS4201
HUC101818CS4204
HUC101818CS4205
HUC101812CS4200
HUC101812CS4201
HUC101812CS4204
HUC101812CS4205
HUC101890CS4200
HUC101890CS4201
HUC101890CS4204
HUC101890CS4205
HUC101860CS4200
HUC101860CS4201
HUC101860CS4204
HUC101860CS4205
HUC101845CS4200
HUC101845CS4201
HUC101845CS4204
HUC101845CS4205
Version: 1.5
22 June 2016
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
1
Revised Edition (Rev 1.5) (22 June 2016)
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This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to
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improvements or changes in any products or programs described in this publication at any time.
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and programs), programming, or services that are not announced in your country. Such references or
information must not be construed to mean that HGST intends to announce such HGST products,
programming, or services in your country.
Technical information about this product is available by contacting your local HGST representative or on the
Internet at http://www.hgst.com
HGST may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter in this document. The
furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents.
© Copyright HGST, a Western Digital company
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
2
Table of Contents
1
General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20
1.1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................. 20
1.2
Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................................21
1.3
Caution ....................................................................................................................................................................21
1.4
References ............................................................................................................................................................... 21
2
Outline of the Drive ......................................................................................................................................... 22
3
Fixed Disk Subsystem Description................................................................................................................ 23
4
3.1
Control Electronics ................................................................................................................................................... 23
3.2
Head Disk Assembly ................................................................................................................................................. 23
3.3
Actuator...................................................................................................................................................................23
Drive Characteristics ...................................................................................................................................... 24
4.1
Formatted Capacity.................................................................................................................................................. 24
4.2
Data Sheet ............................................................................................................................................................... 25
4.3
Inquiry Information .................................................................................................................................................. 26
4.3.1 Product ID ............................................................................................................................................................ 26
4.3.2 World Wide ID - Block Assignment ....................................................................................................................... 27
4.4
Performance Characteristics .....................................................................................................................................28
4.4.1 Mechanical Positioning ........................................................................................................................................28
4.4.2 Drive Ready Time ................................................................................................................................................. 30
4.4.3 Spindle Stop Time ................................................................................................................................................ 30
4.4.4 Data Transfer Speed ............................................................................................................................................. 30
4.4.5 Buffering Operation (read ahead/write cache) .....................................................................................................31
5
6
7
Data Integrity ................................................................................................................................................... 32
5.1
Equipment Status ..................................................................................................................................................... 32
5.2
Error Recovery Procedure .........................................................................................................................................32
Physical Format............................................................................................................................................... 33
6.1
Shipped Format (P-List) ............................................................................................................................................ 33
6.2
Reassigned Format (G-List).......................................................................................................................................33
Electrical Interface .......................................................................................................................................... 34
7.1
SAS Connector .......................................................................................................................................................... 34
7.1.1 29 pin Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) Connector Definition ........................................................................................ 35
7.1.2 Voltage and Ground Signals .................................................................................................................................36
7.1.3 Ready LED Output ................................................................................................................................................ 36
8
Environment .................................................................................................................................................... 37
8.1
Temperature and Humidity ...................................................................................................................................... 37
8.2
Storage Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 38
8.2.1 Packaging ............................................................................................................................................................. 38
8.2.2 Storage Time ....................................................................................................................................................... 38
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
3
8.3
9
Cooling Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 38
DC Power Requirements ................................................................................................................................. 40
9.1
Power Supply Current, Average and Peak ................................................................................................................. 41
9.2
Ripple Voltage .......................................................................................................................................................... 47
9.3
Power Consumption Efficiency Index ........................................................................................................................ 48
10
Reliability...................................................................................................................................................... 49
10.1
Start/Stop Cycles ...................................................................................................................................................... 49
10.2
Load/Unload Cycles .................................................................................................................................................. 49
10.3
Data Reliability ........................................................................................................................................................ 49
10.4
Seek Errors ............................................................................................................................................................... 49
10.5
Failure Prediction (S.M.A.R.T) ...................................................................................................................................49
10.6
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure):
10.7
Preventive Maintenance ..........................................................................................................................................50
10.8
Temperature Warning .............................................................................................................................................. 50
11
2.0M hours. ............................................................................................. 50
Mechanical Specifications .......................................................................................................................... 51
11.1
Outline .....................................................................................................................................................................51
11.2
Mechanical Dimensions ...........................................................................................................................................51
11.3
Interface Connector.................................................................................................................................................. 53
11.4
Mounting Positions and Tappings............................................................................................................................. 53
11.5
Drive Mounting ........................................................................................................................................................ 54
11.6
Heads Unload and Actuator Lock.............................................................................................................................. 54
12
Vibration and Shock .................................................................................................................................... 55
12.1 Operating Vibration ................................................................................................................................................. 55
12.1.1
Random Vibration ........................................................................................................................................... 55
12.1.2
Swept Sine Vibration ....................................................................................................................................... 55
12.2 Non-operating Vibrations ........................................................................................................................................ 55
12.2.1
Random Vibration ........................................................................................................................................... 55
12.2.2
Swept Sine Vibration ....................................................................................................................................... 55
12.3
Operating Shock ....................................................................................................................................................... 55
12.4 Non-operating Shock................................................................................................................................................ 56
12.4.1
Half sinewave Shock Pulse ............................................................................................................................... 56
12.4.2
Rotational Shock .............................................................................................................................................. 56
13
13.1
14
14.1
15
15.1
Acoustics ..................................................................................................................................................... 57
Sound Power Levels.................................................................................................................................................. 57
Identification Labels .................................................................................................................................... 58
Labels ......................................................................................................................................................................58
Electromagnetic Compatibility ................................................................................................................... 59
Class B Regulatory Notices .......................................................................................................................................60
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
4
16
Safety Certification ...................................................................................................................................... 62
16.1
UL and CSA Standard Conformity ............................................................................................................................. 62
16.2
European Standards Compliance .............................................................................................................................. 62
16.3
German Safety Mark ................................................................................................................................................ 62
16.4
Flammability ............................................................................................................................................................ 62
16.5
Corporate Standards Compliance ............................................................................................................................. 62
17
SAS Attachment ........................................................................................................................................... 63
17.1
General ....................................................................................................................................................................63
17.2
SAS Features ............................................................................................................................................................ 63
17.3
SAS Names and Identifiers........................................................................................................................................65
17.4 PHY Layer................................................................................................................................................................. 67
17.4.1
Link Reset Sequence ........................................................................................................................................ 67
17.4.2
Hard Reset ....................................................................................................................................................... 68
17.4.3
SAS OOB (Out of Band).....................................................................................................................................68
17.4.4
SAS Speed Negotiation .....................................................................................................................................69
17.4.5
PHY Error Handling ..........................................................................................................................................71
17.5 Link Layer................................................................................................................................................................. 72
17.5.1
Address Frames................................................................................................................................................ 72
17.5.2
Link Layer Error Handling ................................................................................................................................. 76
17.6 Transport Layer ........................................................................................................................................................ 78
17.6.1
Command Information Unit ............................................................................................................................. 80
17.6.2
TASK Information Units ....................................................................................................................................81
17.6.3
XFER_RDY Information Units ............................................................................................................................ 84
17.6.4
DATA Information Units ....................................................................................................................................84
17.6.5
RESPONSE Information Units ........................................................................................................................... 86
17.6.6
Sequences of SSP Information Units ................................................................................................................. 88
17.6.7
Transport Layer Error Handling ........................................................................................................................ 89
18
SCSI Command Set ..................................................................................................................................... 90
18.1
SCSI Control Byte ...................................................................................................................................................... 92
18.2
Abbreviations........................................................................................................................................................... 92
18.3
Byte Ordering Conventions ....................................................................................................................................... 92
18.4 FORMAT UNIT (04) ................................................................................................................................................... 93
18.4.1
Parameter List Header .....................................................................................................................................95
18.4.2
Initialization Pattern ......................................................................................................................................... 97
18.4.3
Defect Descriptor ............................................................................................................................................. 99
18.5 INQUIRY (12) .......................................................................................................................................................... 102
18.5.1
Inquiry Data ................................................................................................................................................... 103
18.6
LOG SELECT (4C) ..................................................................................................................................................... 123
18.7 LOG SENSE (4D) ...................................................................................................................................................... 126
18.7.1
Log Page Parameters ...................................................................................................................................... 127
18.7.2
Log Sense Page 0............................................................................................................................................ 128
18.7.3
Log Sense Page 2............................................................................................................................................ 129
18.7.4
Log Sense Page 3............................................................................................................................................ 131
18.7.5
Log Sense Page 5............................................................................................................................................ 133
18.7.6
Log Sense Page 6............................................................................................................................................ 134
18.7.7
Log Sense Page D ........................................................................................................................................... 135
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
5
18.7.8
18.7.9
18.7.10
18.7.11
18.7.12
18.7.13
18.7.14
18.7.15
18.7.16
18.7.17
Log Sense Page E............................................................................................................................................ 135
Log Sense Page F............................................................................................................................................ 137
Log Sense Page 10.......................................................................................................................................... 138
Log Sense Page 15.......................................................................................................................................... 140
Log Sense Page 18.......................................................................................................................................... 143
Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance .............................................................................. 147
Log Sense Page 1A ......................................................................................................................................... 149
Log Sense Page 2F .......................................................................................................................................... 150
Log Sense Page 30.......................................................................................................................................... 151
Log Sense Page 37.......................................................................................................................................... 154
18.8
MODE SELECT (15) ................................................................................................................................................. 155
18.9
MODE SELECT (55) ................................................................................................................................................. 156
18.10
MODE SENSE (1A) .............................................................................................................................................. 157
18.10.1 Mode Parameter List...................................................................................................................................... 159
18.10.2 Mode Page 00 (Vendor Unique Parameters)................................................................................................... 162
18.10.3 Mode Page 01 (Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters) ................................................................................ 164
18.10.4 Mode Page 02 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters) ....................................................................................... 168
18.10.5 Mode Page 03 (Format Device Parameters) ................................................................................................... 170
18.10.6 Mode Page 04 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters) ................................................................................. 172
18.10.7 Mode Page 07 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters) ......................................................................................... 173
18.10.8 Mode Page 08 (Caching Parameters) .............................................................................................................. 174
18.10.9 Mode Page 0A (Control Mode Page Parameters) ............................................................................................ 176
18.10.10
Mode Page 0C (Notch Parameters) ............................................................................................................ 181
18.10.11
Mode Page 18h .......................................................................................................................................... 182
18.10.12
Mode Page 19h (Port Control Parameters) ................................................................................................. 183
18.10.13
Mode Page 1A (Power Control) .................................................................................................................. 190
18.10.14
Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control) ..................................................................................... 193
18.11
MODE SENSE (5A) .............................................................................................................................................. 197
18.12
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E) .............................................................................................................................. 198
18.12.1 Service Action ................................................................................................................................................ 198
18.12.2 Parameter Data for Read Keys ........................................................................................................................ 199
18.12.3 Parameter Data for Read Reservations ........................................................................................................... 200
18.13
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F) .......................................................................................................................... 201
18.13.1 Service Action ................................................................................................................................................ 201
18.13.2 Type ............................................................................................................................................................... 202
18.13.3 Parameter List ................................................................................................................................................ 203
18.13.4 Summary ....................................................................................................................................................... 204
18.14
PRE-FETCH (34) .................................................................................................................................................. 206
18.15
PRE-FETCH (90) .................................................................................................................................................. 207
18.16
READ (6) - (08) ................................................................................................................................................... 208
18.17
READ (10) - (28) ................................................................................................................................................. 209
18.18
READ (12) - (A8) ................................................................................................................................................. 211
18.19
READ (16) - (88) ................................................................................................................................................. 212
18.20
READ (32) - (7F/09) ............................................................................................................................................. 213
18.21
READ BUFFER (3C) ............................................................................................................................................. 215
18.21.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b).................................................................................................. 216
18.21.2 Read Data (Mode 00010b) ............................................................................................................................. 216
18.21.3 Descriptor (Mode 00011b) ............................................................................................................................. 217
18.21.4 Read Data from Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b) .................................................................................................. 217
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
6
18.21.5
18.21.6
18.21.7
Echo Buffer Descriptor (Mode 01011b) .......................................................................................................... 218
Expander Communications and Echo Buffer (Mode 11010b) .......................................................................... 218
Error History (Mode 11100b) ......................................................................................................................... 218
18.22
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25) .................................................................................................................................. 221
18.22.1 Returned Data Format ................................................................................................................................... 221
18.23
READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10) ............................................................................................................................... 222
18.23.1 Returned Data Format ................................................................................................................................... 222
18.24
READ DEFECT DATA (37) ..................................................................................................................................... 224
18.24.1 Defect List Header.......................................................................................................................................... 225
18.24.2 Defect List Descriptor ..................................................................................................................................... 225
18.24.3 Bytes from Index Format (100b) ..................................................................................................................... 226
18.24.4 Physical Sector Format (101b) ........................................................................................................................ 226
18.25
READ DEFECT DATA (B7) ..................................................................................................................................... 227
18.25.1 Defect List Header.......................................................................................................................................... 227
18.25.2 Defect List Descriptor ..................................................................................................................................... 228
18.25.3 Bytes from Index Format (100b) ..................................................................................................................... 228
18.25.4 Physical Sector Format (101b) ........................................................................................................................ 228
18.26
READ LONG (3E) ................................................................................................................................................. 229
18.27
READ LONG (9E) ................................................................................................................................................. 230
18.28
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07) ....................................................................................................................................... 231
18.29
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C) .................................................................................................................. 233
18.29.1 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0 .................................................................................................................. 233
18.29.2 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 40 ................................................................................................................ 234
18.30
RELEASE (17) ...................................................................................................................................................... 236
18.31
RELEASE (57) ...................................................................................................................................................... 237
18.32
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05) ................................................................................................................... 238
18.33
REPORT LUNS (A0) ............................................................................................................................................. 240
18.34
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C) ............................................................................................... 241
18.34.1 All_commands parameter data format .......................................................................................................... 243
18.34.2 One_command parameter data format.......................................................................................................... 244
18.34.3 Command timeouts descriptor format ........................................................................................................... 245
18.35
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D) ......................................................................... 247
18.36
REPORT TIMESTAMP (A3/0F) .............................................................................................................................. 249
18.36.1 Device clocks and timestamps........................................................................................................................ 250
18.37
REQUEST SENSE (03) .......................................................................................................................................... 251
18.38
RESERVE (16) ..................................................................................................................................................... 252
18.39
RESERVE (56) ..................................................................................................................................................... 253
18.40
REZERO UNIT (01) .............................................................................................................................................. 254
18.41
SANITIZE (48) ..................................................................................................................................................... 255
18.41.1 Sanitize (48) Service Action Codes .................................................................................................................. 256
18.42
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2) .............................................................................................................................. 258
18.43
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)........................................................................................................................... 260
18.44
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) ...................................................................................................................................... 262
18.44.1 Send Diagnostic Page 0 .................................................................................................................................. 264
18.44.2 Send Diagnostic Page 3F ................................................................................................................................ 264
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
7
18.44.3
Send Diagnostic Page 40 ................................................................................................................................ 267
18.45
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06) .......................................................................................................................... 268
18.46
SET TIMESTAMP (A4/0F) ..................................................................................................................................... 269
18.47
START STOP UNIT (1B) ........................................................................................................................................ 271
18.48
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35) ........................................................................................................................ 274
18.49
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91) ........................................................................................................................ 275
18.50
TEST UNIT READY (00) ........................................................................................................................................ 276
18.51
VERIFY (10) - (2F) ............................................................................................................................................... 277
18.52
VERIFY (12) - (AF) ............................................................................................................................................... 280
18.53
VERIFY (16) - (8F) ............................................................................................................................................... 281
18.54
VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A) .......................................................................................................................................... 282
18.55
WRITE (6) - (0A) ................................................................................................................................................. 284
18.56
WRITE (10) - (2A) ............................................................................................................................................... 285
18.57
WRITE (12) - (AA) ............................................................................................................................................... 287
18.58
WRITE (16) - (8A) ............................................................................................................................................... 288
18.59
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B) ........................................................................................................................................... 289
18.60
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E) ............................................................................................................................ 291
18.61
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE) ............................................................................................................................ 293
18.62
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E) ............................................................................................................................ 294
18.63
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C) ....................................................................................................................... 295
18.64
WRITE BUFFER (3B) ............................................................................................................................................ 296
18.64.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b).................................................................................................. 297
18.64.2 Write Data (Mode 00010b) ............................................................................................................................ 297
18.64.3 Download Microcode (Mode 00100b) ............................................................................................................ 297
18.64.4 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00101b) -Single Binary File ................................................................ 298
18.64.5 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00111b) - Multiple Binary Files .......................................................... 298
18.64.6 Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b) ..................................................................................................... 299
18.64.7 Download Microcode with Offsets, Select Activation Events, Save, and Defer Activate (Mode 01101b) .......... 299
18.64.8 Download Microcode with Offsets, Save, and Defer Activate (Mode 01110b) ................................................ 299
18.64.9 Activate Deferred Microcode Mode (Mode 01111b) ...................................................................................... 299
18.64.10
Enable Expander Communications Protocol (Mode 11010b) ...................................................................... 299
18.65
WRITE LONG (10) (3F) ..................................................................................................................................... 300
18.66
WRITE LONG (16) - (9F) ...................................................................................................................................... 302
18.67
WRITE SAME (10) - (41) ...................................................................................................................................... 303
18.68
WRITE SAME (16) - (93) ...................................................................................................................................... 304
18.69
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D) ................................................................................................................................. 305
19
SCSI Status Byte ........................................................................................................................................ 307
20
Additional information .............................................................................................................................. 308
20.1 SCSI Protocol .......................................................................................................................................................... 308
20.1.1
Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting ............................................................................................................. 308
20.1.2
Invalid LUN Processing ................................................................................................................................... 308
20.1.3
Overlapped Commands.................................................................................................................................. 309
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
8
20.1.4
20.1.5
20.1.6
20.1.7
20.1.8
20.1.9
20.1.10
20.2
Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O Process ........................................................................ 309
Unit Attention Condition ................................................................................................................................ 310
Command Processing During Startup and Format Operations ........................................................................ 312
Internal Error Condition ................................................................................................................................. 312
Deferred Error Condition ............................................................................................................................... 312
Degraded Mode ............................................................................................................................................. 313
Command Processing while Reserved ............................................................................................................ 318
Priority Commands ................................................................................................................................................ 320
20.3 Command Queuing ................................................................................................................................................ 320
20.3.1
Queue Depth ................................................................................................................................................. 320
20.3.2
Queue Full Status ........................................................................................................................................... 320
20.3.3
Termination of I/O Processes ......................................................................................................................... 320
20.4
Command Reordering ............................................................................................................................................ 321
20.5
Concurrent I/O Process........................................................................................................................................... 321
20.6
Write Cache ........................................................................................................................................................... 321
20.7
Automatic Rewrite/Reallocate ................................................................................................................................ 321
20.8 Segmented Caching................................................................................................................................................ 323
20.8.1
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................... 323
20.8.2
Read Ahead.................................................................................................................................................... 323
20.9 Multiple Initiator Systems ...................................................................................................................................... 323
20.9.1
Sense Data ..................................................................................................................................................... 323
20.9.2
Mode Pages ................................................................................................................................................... 323
20.10
Multiple Initiator Environment ........................................................................................................................... 323
20.10.1 Initiator Sense Data ....................................................................................................................................... 323
20.10.2 Initiator Mode Select/Mode Sense Parameters .............................................................................................. 323
20.11
Reset .................................................................................................................................................................. 324
20.11.1 Initiator Sense Data ....................................................................................................................................... 324
20.11.2 Reset Actions ................................................................................................................................................. 324
20.12
Diagnostics ........................................................................................................................................................ 325
20.12.1 Power on Diagnostics ..................................................................................................................................... 325
20.12.2 Self-test via SEND DIAGNOSTIC Command ..................................................................................................... 325
20.13
Idle Time Function ............................................................................................................................................. 328
20.14
Command Time out Limits ................................................................................................................................. 328
20.14.1 Reassignment Time........................................................................................................................................ 328
20.14.2 Format Time .................................................................................................................................................. 328
20.14.3 Start/Stop Unit Time ...................................................................................................................................... 328
20.14.4 Medium Access Command Time .................................................................................................................... 328
20.14.5 Time-out Limits for Other Commands ............................................................................................................ 329
20.15
Recommended Initiator ERP ............................................................................................................................... 330
20.15.1 Drive Service Strategy .................................................................................................................................... 330
20.15.2 Recommendations for System Error Log......................................................................................................... 330
20.15.3 Data Recovery Procedure ............................................................................................................................... 331
20.15.4 Non data Error Recovery Procedure ............................................................................................................... 333
21
Firmware Security ..................................................................................................................................... 339
21.1 Referenced Specifications and Standards ............................................................................................................... 339
21.1.1
TCG Specifications.......................................................................................................................................... 339
21.1.2
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) ............................................................................................ 339
21.1.3
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) ................................................................................... 339
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
9
21.1.4
21.1.5
21.1.6
Department of Defense ................................................................................................................................. 341
RSA Laboratories Standards ........................................................................................................................... 341
Other Standards ............................................................................................................................................. 341
21.2
Implementation Exceptions .................................................................................................................................... 341
21.3
Implementation Features and Details Outside of TCG Specifications ....................................................................... 341
21.4 Encryption Algorithms............................................................................................................................................ 342
21.4.1
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Support ................................................................................................ 342
21.4.2
‘Level 0 Discovery’ Vendor Specific Data ........................................................................................................ 342
21.4.3
Deterministic Random Bit Generation (DRBG)................................................................................................ 343
21.4.4
Key Wrap ....................................................................................................................................................... 343
21.4.5
Key Erasure .................................................................................................................................................... 343
21.5 TCG SSC Tables ....................................................................................................................................................... 344
21.5.1
‘Admin SP’ C_PIN and ‘Locking SP’ C_PIN Tables............................................................................................. 344
21.5.2
K_AES_256 Table ........................................................................................................................................... 345
21.5.3
‘Locking SP’ Access Control Table ................................................................................................................... 345
21.5.4
‘Locking Info’ Table ........................................................................................................................................ 346
21.5.5
‘Locking SP’ Locking Table .............................................................................................................................. 346
21.6
Firmware Download and Signing ........................................................................................................................... 347
21.7
Revert Feature ....................................................................................................................................................... 347
21.8
Ports ...................................................................................................................................................................... 350
21.9
MSID ...................................................................................................................................................................... 354
21.10
Logging .............................................................................................................................................................. 354
21.11
Number of Sessions ............................................................................................................................................ 354
21.12
Number of Bands ............................................................................................................................................... 354
21.13
Number of COMIDs ............................................................................................................................................ 354
21.14
Locked and Unlocked Behavior ........................................................................................................................... 355
21.14.1 T10 SCSI Commands ...................................................................................................................................... 355
21.14.2 TCG SSC Commands ....................................................................................................................................... 357
21.15
Error Codes ........................................................................................................................................................ 359
21.16
Customer Specific Requirements ........................................................................................................................ 359
21.17
FIPS140 Cryptographic Officer Instructions ......................................................................................................... 359
21.17.1 Physical Security ............................................................................................................................................ 359
21.17.2 Security Protocol Parameters ......................................................................................................................... 359
21.17.3 Certified Models, Hardware Versions and Firmware Versions ........................................................................ 364
21.17.4 Cryptographic Module Acceptance and Provisioning ...................................................................................... 365
21.17.5 Zeroization of the Cryptographic Module ....................................................................................................... 365
22
SCSI Sense Data ........................................................................................................................................ 366
22.1 SCSI Sense Data Format Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 366
22.1.1
Sense Data Format ......................................................................................................................................... 366
22.1.2
Device clocks and timestamps............................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
22.1.3
Sense Data Length ......................................................................................................................................... 368
22.1.4
Sense Data Response Code ............................................................................................................................ 368
22.2 Fixed Format Sense Data........................................................................................................................................ 369
22.2.1
Valid (Bit 7 of byte 0)...................................................................................................................................... 370
22.2.2
Response Code (Bit 6 - 0 of byte 0)................................................................................................................. 370
22.2.3
ILI: Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of byte 2) ............................................................................................... 370
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
10
22.2.4
22.2.5
22.2.6
22.2.7
22.2.8
22.2.9
22.2.10
22.2.11
22.2.12
22.2.13
Sense Key (Bit 3 - 0 of byte 2) ......................................................................................................................... 371
Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6) ............................................................................................................. 372
Additional Sense Length (Byte 7).................................................................................................................... 372
Command Specific Information (Byte 8 through 11) ....................................................................................... 372
Additional Sense Code/Qualifier (Byte 12 and 13) .......................................................................................... 373
FRU: Field Replaceable Unit (Byte 14) ............................................................................................................ 427
Sense Key Specific (Byte 15 through 17) ......................................................................................................... 427
Reserved (Byte 18 through 19) ....................................................................................................................... 429
Vendor unique error information (Byte 20 through 23) .................................................................................. 429
Physical Error Record (Product Specific Information) (Byte 24 through 29) .................................................. 430
22.3 Descriptor Format Sense Data ................................................................................................................................ 431
22.3.1
Order of Sense Descriptors ............................................................................................................................ 432
22.3.2
Sense Data Descriptor Definitions .................................................................................................................. 433
23
Appendix.
UEC list .................................................................................................................................. 437
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
11
List of Tables
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17
Table 18
Table 19
Table 20
Table 21
Table 22
Table 23
Table 24
Table 25
Table 26
Table 27
Table 28
Table 29
Table 30
Table 31
Table 32
Table 33
Table 34
Table 35
Table 36
Table 37
Table 38
Table 39
Table 40
Table 41
Table 42
Table 43
Table 44
Table 45
Table 46
Table 47
Table 48
Table 49
Table 50
Product ID Table .................................................................................................................... 20
Formatted Capacity ............................................................................................................... 24
Data Sheet ............................................................................................................................. 25
Product ID in Inquiry Command ........................................................................................... 26
Block Assignment of World Wide ID in INQUIRY Command ............................................... 27
Mechanical Positioning Performance .................................................................................... 28
Full Stroke Seek Time ........................................................................................................... 29
Latency Time ......................................................................................................................... 29
Drive Ready Time .................................................................................................................. 30
Spindle Stop Time ................................................................................................................ 30
Data Transfer Speed (sector size 512 Byte case) ................................................................. 30
Data Transfer Speed (sector size 4096 Byte case) ............................................................... 31
29-pin Connector Signal Definition ..................................................................................... 35
Operating and Non-operating Conditions ........................................................................... 37
Maximum Allowable Surface Temperatures........................................................................ 38
Input Voltage and Capacitance ............................................................................................ 40
1800 GB, 4K ......................................................................................................................... 42
1200 GB, 4K ......................................................................................................................... 42
1200 GB, 512 ........................................................................................................................ 43
900 GB, 4K ........................................................................................................................... 43
900 GB, 512 .......................................................................................................................... 44
600 GB, 4K ........................................................................................................................... 44
600 GB, 512 .......................................................................................................................... 45
450 GB, 4K ........................................................................................................................... 45
300 GB, 512 .......................................................................................................................... 46
Power Supply Generated Ripple at Drive Power Connector ............................................... 47
Power Consumption Efficiency Index .................................................................................. 48
Physical Dimensions ............................................................................................................ 51
A-weighted Sound Power Levels.......................................................................................... 57
Names and Identifiers ......................................................................................................... 65
SAS Address Format ............................................................................................................ 65
IEEE Registered Name Format ........................................................................................... 65
SAS Speed Negotiation ........................................................................................................ 69
Supported Settings Bit Priorities ........................................................................................ 69
PHY Layer Error Handling ................................................................................................. 71
Address Frame Format ........................................................................................................ 72
Frame Type: ......................................................................................................................... 72
Identify Address Frame ....................................................................................................... 73
Reason Field......................................................................................................................... 75
Open Address Frame Format .............................................................................................. 75
Link Layer Error Handling (part 1 of 2).............................................................................. 76
Link Layer Error Handling (part 2 of 2).............................................................................. 77
SAS Frame Format .............................................................................................................. 78
FRAME TYPE Field............................................................................................................. 79
COMMAND Information Unit ............................................................................................. 80
Task Attribute Field ............................................................................................................. 80
TASK Information Unit ....................................................................................................... 81
TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTION Field ......................................................................... 81
Additional Response Information Argument for Query Async Event ................................. 83
UADE DEPTH Field ............................................................................................................ 83
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
12
Table 51
Table 52
Table 53
Table 54
Table 55
Table 56
Table 57
Table 58
Table 59
Table 60
Table 61
Table 62
Table 63
Table 64
Table 65
Table 66
Table 67
Table 68
Table 69
Table 70
Table 71
Table 72
Table 73
Table 74
Table 75
Table 76
Table 77
Table 78
Table 79
Table 80
Table 81
Table 82
Table 83
Table 84
Table 85
Table 86
Table 87
Table 88
Table 89
Table 90
Table 91
Table 92
Table 93
Table 94
Table 95
Table 96
Table 97
Table 98
Table 99
Table 100
Table 101
Table 102
Table 103
Table 104
XFER_RDY Information Units ............................................................................................ 84
Data Information Unit ......................................................................................................... 84
Response Information Unit.................................................................................................. 86
RETRY DELAY TIMER Field (part 1 of 2) .......................................................................... 86
RETRY DELAY TIMER field (part 2 of 2) ........................................................................... 87
DATAPRES Field ................................................................................................................. 87
RESPONSE Data ................................................................................................................. 87
RESPONSE Codes ............................................................................................................... 87
Transport Layer Error Handling ......................................................................................... 89
SCSI Commands Supported (part 1 of 2) ............................................................................ 90
SCSI Commands Supported (part 2 of 2) ............................................................................ 91
SCSI Control Byte................................................................................................................ 92
FORMAT UNIT.................................................................................................................... 93
Format of the Short Parameter List Header ....................................................................... 95
Format of the Long Parameter List Header ........................................................................ 95
Format of the Long Parameter List Header ........................................................................ 95
Data Format with Protection field....................................................................................... 96
Initialization Pattern Descriptor ......................................................................................... 97
Defect Descriptor - Block Format (for n + 1 defects) ........................................................... 99
Defect Descriptor - Bytes from Index Format (for n = 1 defects) ...................................... 100
Defect Descriptor - Physical Sector Format (for n + 1 defects) ......................................... 101
INQUIRY (12) .................................................................................................................... 102
Page Code descriptions ...................................................................................................... 102
Inquiry Data- EVPD = 0 .................................................................................................... 103
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 00h) ..................................................................... 105
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 03h) ..................................................................... 106
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 80h) ..................................................................... 108
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 83h) (part 1 of 2) .................................... 109
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 83h) (part 2 of 2) .................................... 110
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 86h) ........................................................ 111
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 87h) ........................................................ 112
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 88h) ........................................................ 113
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 8Ah) ....................................................... 114
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 90h) ..................................................................... 115
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor ......................................................... 115
Protocol Specific Port Information VPD page to SAS SSP ................................................ 115
Port Information Descriptor for SAS SSP ......................................................................... 116
SAS PHY Information Descriptor for SAS SSP................................................................. 116
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B0h) .................................................................... 118
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B1h) .................................................................... 119
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B2h) .................................................................... 120
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = D1h) .................................................................... 121
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = D2h) .................................................................... 122
Log Select (4C) ................................................................................................................... 123
Log Sense (4D) ................................................................................................................... 126
Log Sense Page 0 ............................................................................................................... 128
Log Sense Page 2 (part 1 of 2)............................................................................................ 129
Log Sense Page 2 (part 2 of 2)............................................................................................ 130
Log Sense Page 3 (part 1 of 2)............................................................................................ 131
Log Sense Page 3 (part 2 of 2) .......................................................................................... 132
Log Sense Page 5 (part 1 of 2) .......................................................................................... 133
Log Sense Page 5 (part 2 of 2).......................................................................................... 134
Log Sense Page 6 ............................................................................................................. 134
Log Sense Page D ............................................................................................................. 135
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
13
Table 105
Table 106
Table 107
Table 108
Table 109
Table 110
Table 111
Table 112
Table 113
Table 114
Table 115
Table 116
Table 117
Table 118
Table 119
Table 120
Table 121
Table 122
Table 123
Table 124
Table 125
Table 126
Table 127
Table 128
Table 129
Table 130
Table 131
Table 132
Table 133
Table 134
Table 135
Table 136
Table 137
Table 138
Table 139
Table 140
Table 141
Table 142
Table 143
Table 144
Table 145
Table 146
Table 147
Table 148
Table 149
Table 150
Table 151
Table 152
Table 153
Table 154
Table 155
Table 156
Table 157
Table 158
Log Sense Page E (part 1 of 2) ......................................................................................... 135
Log Sense Page E (part 2 of 2) ......................................................................................... 136
Log Sense Page F ............................................................................................................. 137
Log Sense Page F, Application Client Log ....................................................................... 137
Log Sense Page 10............................................................................................................ 138
Log Sense Page 10, self-test results ................................................................................. 138
Log Sense Page 10, Self-Test Results ............................................................................... 139
Log Sense Page 10, Extended Segment Number ............................................................. 139
Log Sense Page 15 ............................................................................................................ 140
BMS Status Parameter structure .................................................................................... 140
BMS Status ...................................................................................................................... 141
Medium Scan Parameter structure ................................................................................. 142
Reassign Status ................................................................................................................ 142
Log Sense Page 18 ............................................................................................................ 143
SAS Log Descriptor (part 1 of 3) ...................................................................................... 143
SAS Log Descriptor (part 2 of 3) ...................................................................................... 144
SAS Log Descriptor (part 3 of 3) ...................................................................................... 145
Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance ............................................ 147
Time Interval Descriptor ................................................................................................. 148
Log Sense Page 1A ........................................................................................................... 149
Log Sense Page 2F ........................................................................................................... 150
Log Sense Page 30............................................................................................................ 151
Log Sense Page 37............................................................................................................ 154
Mode Select (15) ............................................................................................................... 155
Mode Select (55) ............................................................................................................... 156
Mode Sense (1A) ............................................................................................................... 157
Page Code Usage .............................................................................................................. 158
Mode parameter header (6).............................................................................................. 159
Mode parameter header (10)............................................................................................ 159
Short LBA Mode Parameter Block Descriptor................................................................. 160
Long LBA Mode Parameter Block Descriptor ................................................................. 160
Mode Parameter Page Format ......................................................................................... 161
Mode Parameter Page Format ......................................................................................... 161
Vendor Unique Parameters - Page 00.............................................................................. 162
Mode Page 01 (Vendor Unique Parameters) .................................................................... 164
Mode Page 02 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters) ......................................................... 168
Mode Page 03 (Format Device Parameters) .................................................................... 170
Mode Page 04 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters) ................................................ 172
Mode Page 07 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters) ......................................................... 173
Page 08 (Caching Parameters) ........................................................................................ 174
Page 0A (Control Mode Page Parameters) ...................................................................... 176
Control Extension Subpage ............................................................................................. 178
Application Tag mode page: ............................................................................................. 179
Application Tag descriptor format ................................................................................... 179
Page 0C (Notch Parameters) ........................................................................................... 181
Page 18h (Protocol-Specific Logical Unit mode page) ..................................................... 182
Short (Port Control Parameters) Short Format .............................................................. 183
Long Format of Port Control Page ................................................................................... 184
PHY Control and Discover (Subpage 1) ........................................................................... 185
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor .............................................................................................. 186
Shared Port Control (Subpage 2) ..................................................................................... 187
Subpage 3 ......................................................................................................................... 189
PHY Mode Descriptor (0 and 1) ....................................................................................... 189
Page 1A (Power Control) .................................................................................................. 190
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
14
Table 159
Table 160
Table 161
Table 162
Table 163
Table 164
Table 165
Table 166
Table 167
Table 168
Table 169
Table 170
Table 171
Table 172
Table 173
Table 174
Table 175
Table 176
Table 177
Table 178
Table 179
Table 180
Table 181
Table 182
Table 183
Table 184
Table 185
Table 186
Table 187
Table 188
Table 189
Table 190
Table 191
Table 192
Table 193
Table 194
Table 195
Table 196
Table 197
Table 198
Table 199
Table 200
Table 201
Table 202
Table 203
Table 204
Table 205
Table 206
Table 207
Table 208
Table 209
Table 210
Table 211
Table 212
PM_BG_PRECEDENCE field.......................................................................................... 192
Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control) ................................................................... 193
Background Control (Subpage 01h) ................................................................................. 195
Mode Sense (5A) ............................................................................................................... 197
Persistent Reserve In (5E) ............................................................................................... 198
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Service Action Codes ....................................................... 198
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, parameter data for Read Keys ........................................ 199
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, parameter data for Read Reservations ........................... 200
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Read Reservation Descriptor .......................................... 200
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F) ................................................................................ 201
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action Code ...................................................... 201
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Type Code ..................................................................... 202
Parameter List ................................................................................................................. 203
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action, Parameters .......................................... 204
APTPL and information held by a drive .......................................................................... 205
PRE-FETCH (34) ............................................................................................................. 206
PRE-FETCH (90) ............................................................................................................. 207
READ (6) - (08) ................................................................................................................. 208
READ (10) - (28) ............................................................................................................... 209
READ (12) - (A8) .............................................................................................................. 211
READ (16) - (88) ............................................................................................................... 212
READ (32) - (7F/09).......................................................................................................... 213
READ BUFFER (3C)........................................................................................................ 215
Read Buffer Header ......................................................................................................... 216
Read Buffer Description................................................................................................... 217
Echo Buffer Descriptor..................................................................................................... 218
Error History Buffer ID Field .......................................................................................... 218
Error History Directory ................................................................................................... 219
Error History Directory Entry ......................................................................................... 220
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25) ........................................................................................... 221
Format of READ CAPACITY command reply ................................................................. 221
Read Capacity (16) (9E/10) .............................................................................................. 222
Returned Data Format .................................................................................................... 222
Protection Type (P_TYPE) field ....................................................................................... 223
Logical Blocks per Physical Block Exponent field ........................................................... 223
READ DEFECT DATA (37) .............................................................................................. 224
Defect List Format ........................................................................................................... 224
Defect List Header ........................................................................................................... 225
Defect List Descriptor ...................................................................................................... 225
Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format .............................................................. 226
Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format ................................................................. 226
READ DEFECT DATA (B7) ............................................................................................. 227
Unit Defect List Header ................................................................................................... 227
Defect List Descriptor ...................................................................................................... 228
Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format .............................................................. 228
Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format ................................................................. 228
READ LONG (3E) ............................................................................................................ 229
READ LONG (9E) ............................................................................................................ 230
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07) ............................................................................................... 231
Format of Reassign Blocks Parameter List data ............................................................. 232
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS (1C) ....................................................................... 233
Receive Diagnostic Results page 0 ................................................................................... 233
Receive Diagnostic Results page 40 ................................................................................. 234
Translated address ........................................................................................................... 234
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
15
Table 213 RELEASE (17) ................................................................................................................. 236
Table 214 RELEASE (57) ................................................................................................................. 237
Table 215 REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05) ........................................................................ 238
Table 216 Report Device Identifier parameter list........................................................................... 238
Table 217 REPORT LUNS (A0) ........................................................................................................ 240
Table 218 LUN Reporting parameter list format ............................................................................. 240
Table 219 REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C).................................................. 241
Table 220 Reporting Options ............................................................................................................ 241
Table 221 All_command parameter data format.............................................................................. 243
Table 222 Command Descriptor format ........................................................................................... 243
Table 223 One_command parameter data format ............................................................................ 244
Table 224 One_command parameter support field .......................................................................... 244
Table 225 Command timeouts descriptor format ............................................................................. 245
Table 226 Command timeouts descriptor Command Specific Field usage ...................................... 245
Table 227 Report Supported Task Management Functions (A3/0D) ............................................... 247
Table 228 Report Supported Task Management Functions - returned parameter data ................. 247
Table 229 REPORT TIMESTAMP (A3/0F) ......................................................................................... 249
Table 230 REPORT TIMESTAMP return parameter data................................................................. 249
Table 231 Timestamp Origin value ..................................................................................................... 250
Table 232 REQUEST SENSE (03).................................................................................................... 251
Table 233 Sense Data Format and Length ....................................................................................... 251
Table 234 RESERVE (16) ................................................................................................................. 252
Table 235 RESERVE (56) ................................................................................................................. 253
Table 236 REZERO UNIT (01) ......................................................................................................... 254
Table 237 SANITIZE (48) ................................................................................................................. 255
Table 238 SANITIZE Service Action Codes ...................................................................................... 256
Table 239 Parameter List Format for Overwrite Service Action ..................................................... 256
Table 240 SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2) ..................................................................................... 258
Table 241 SECURITY PROTOCOL field in SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command....................... 258
Table 242 SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5) ................................................................................. 260
Table 243 SECURITY PROTOCOL field in SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command ................... 260
Table 244 SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D) ............................................................................................... 262
Table 245 SEND DIAGNOSTIC Function Code (1D) ...................................................................... 263
Table 246 Diagnostic page 0 ............................................................................................................. 264
Table 247 Diagnostic page 3F ........................................................................................................... 264
Table 248 Phy Test Pattern .............................................................................................................. 265
Table 249 Phy Test Pattern SSC Code ............................................................................................. 266
Table 250 Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control .................................................................................... 266
Table 251 Diagnostic Page 40 ........................................................................................................... 267
Table 252 Address to translate ......................................................................................................... 267
Table 253 SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06) ................................................................................ 268
Table 254 SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER, Parameter List .................................................................. 268
Table 255 SET TIMESTAMP (A4/0F)............................................................................................... 269
Table 256 SET TIMESTAMP parameter list ................................................................................... 269
Table 257 START STOP UNIT (1B) ................................................................................................. 271
Table 258 Power Conditions ............................................................................................................. 272
Table 259 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35) ................................................................................ 274
Table 260 Synchronize Cache (16) - (91) .......................................................................................... 275
Table 261 TEST UNIT READY (00) ................................................................................................. 276
Table 262 VERIFY (10) - (2F) ........................................................................................................... 277
Table 263 Byte Check ....................................................................................................................... 277
Table 264 VERIFY (12) - (AF) .......................................................................................................... 280
Table 265 VERIFY (16) - (8F) ........................................................................................................... 281
Table 266 VERIFY (32) - 7F/0A)....................................................................................................... 282
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
16
Table 267 WRITE (6) - (0A) .............................................................................................................. 284
Table 268 WRITE (10) - (2A) ............................................................................................................ 285
Table 269 WRITE (12) - (AA) ............................................................................................................ 287
Table 270 WRITE (16) - (8A) ............................................................................................................ 288
Table 271 WRITE (32) - (7F/0B) ....................................................................................................... 289
Table 272 WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E) ..................................................................................... 291
Table 273 Byte Check ....................................................................................................................... 291
Table 274 WRITE and VERIFY (12) - (AE) ...................................................................................... 293
Table 275 WRITE and VERIFY (16) - (8E)....................................................................................... 294
Table 276 WRITE and VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C) ................................................................................. 295
Table 277 WRITE BUFFER (3B)...................................................................................................... 296
Table 278 Write Buffer Header......................................................................................................... 297
Table 279 Mode Specific Field .......................................................................................................... 299
Table 280 WRITE LONG (3F) .......................................................................................................... 300
Table 281 WRITE LONG (9F) .......................................................................................................... 302
Table 282 WRITE SAME (41) ........................................................................................................... 303
Table 283 WRITE SAME (16) - (93) ................................................................................................. 304
Table 284 WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D) ........................................................................................... 305
Table 285 SCSI Status Byte. Format of the SCSI STATUS byte. .................................................... 307
Table 286 Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Disable Auto Start ....................................................... 313
Table 287 Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Auto Start Delay/Spinning Up .................................... 314
Table 288 Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Start Failure................................................... 315
Table 289 Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Stopped by Command .................................... 316
Table 290 Self Configuration Failure Degraded Mode ..................................................................... 317
Table 291 Format Command Failure Degraded Mode ..................................................................... 318
Table 292 Sense data combinations with auto/recommend rewrite/reallocate ................................ 322
Table 293 Short and Extended Self-Test Description ...................................................................... 327
Table 294 Log Only Errors ............................................................................................................... 332
Table 295 Persistent Reserve In (5E) ............................................................................................... 342
Table 296 HGST Default Values for ‘Admin SP’ C_PIN & ‘Locking SP’ C_PIN .............................. 344
Table 297 HGST Implementation of K_AES_256 Table .................................................................. 345
Table 298 HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ Access Control Table .......................................... 345
Table 299 HGST Implementation of ‘Locking Info’ Table ................................................................ 346
Table 300 HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ Locking Table .................................................... 346
Table 301 PSID Authority Added to ‘Admin SP’ Authority Table .................................................... 347
Table 302 PSID Addition to ‘Admin SP’ C_PIN table....................................................................... 348
Table 303 Additions to ‘Admin SP’ Access Control Table ................................................................. 349
Table 304 Ports Functionality .......................................................................................................... 350
Table 305 Ports Table ....................................................................................................................... 350
Table 306 Modified ‘Admin SP’ ACE Table ....................................................................................... 351
Table 307 Modified ‘Admin SP’ Access Control Table (part 1 of 2) ................................................... 352
Table 308 Modified ‘Admin SP’ Access Control Table (part 2 of 2) ................................................... 353
Table 309 T10 SCSI Commands Behavior Table (part 1 of 2) .......................................................... 355
Table 310 T10 SCSI Commands Behavior Table (part 2 of 2) .......................................................... 356
Table 311 TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -1 ................................................................. 357
Table 312 TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -2 ................................................................. 357
Table 313 TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -3 ................................................................. 357
Table 314 TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -4 ................................................................. 358
Table 315 TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -5 ................................................................. 358
Table 316 SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC Field for SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Protocol 00h
...................................................................................................................................................... 360
Table 317 Supported Security Protocols SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data ................. 360
Table 318 Certificate Data SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data ...................................... 361
Table 319 Security Compliance Information SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data .......... 362
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
17
Table 320
Table 321
Table 322
Table 323
Table 324
Table 325
Table 326
Table 327
Table 328
Table 329
Table 330
Table 331
Table 332
Table 333
Table 334
Table 335
Table 336
Table 337
Table 338
Table 339
Table 340
Table 341
Table 342
Table 343
Table 344
Table 345
Compliance Descriptor Format ........................................................................................ 363
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Field .................................................................... 363
FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor ..................................................................................... 363
RELATED STANDARD Field .......................................................................................... 364
Sense data response codes ............................................................................................... 368
Fixed Format Sense Data ................................................................................................ 369
Incorrect Length Indicator ............................................................................................... 370
Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6).............................................................................. 372
Sense Code/Qualifier ........................................................................................................ 373
Field Pointer Bytes .......................................................................................................... 427
Actual Retry Count .......................................................................................................... 428
Recovery Type .................................................................................................................. 428
Progress Indication .......................................................................................................... 429
Log Only Errors ............................................................................................................... 430
Descriptor Format Sense Data ........................................................................................ 431
Sense Data Descriptor Format ........................................................................................ 431
Supported Descriptor Types............................................................................................. 432
Sense Data Descriptor List .............................................................................................. 432
Information Sense Data Descriptor Format .................................................................... 433
Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor Format .......................................................... 434
Information Sense Data Descriptor Format .................................................................... 434
Field Replaceable Unit Sense Data Descriptor Format .................................................. 435
Block Command Sense Data Descriptor Format ............................................................. 435
Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor ................................................. 436
Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor ....................................... 436
Unit Error Codes .............................................................................................................. 437
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
18
List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
SAS Connector ..................................................................................................................... 35
Environmental Specification ............................................................................................... 38
Power On to Drive Ready..................................................................................................... 41
Power vs IOPS ..................................................................................................................... 47
Top and Side Views and Mechanical Dimensions ................................................................ 52
Link Reset Sequence ............................................................................................................ 67
SSP Information Unit Sequences ........................................................................................ 88
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
19
1
General
1.1
Introduction
This document describes the specifications of the following HGST 2.5 inch SAS drives.
Table 1
Product ID Table
Drive Name
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-300
Ultrastar C10K1800-300
Ultrastar C10K1800-300
Ultrastar C10K1800-300
Ultrastar C10K1800-1800
Ultrastar C10K1800-1800
Ultrastar C10K1800-1800
Ultrastar C10K1800-1800
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-1200
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-900
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-600
Ultrastar C10K1800-450
Ultrastar C10K1800-450
Ultrastar C10K1800-450
Ultrastar C10K1800-450
Model Name
HUC101812CSS200
HUC101812CSS201
HUC101812CSS204
HUC101812CSS205
HUC101890CSS200
HUC101890CSS201
HUC101890CSS204
HUC101890CSS205
HUC101860CSS200
HUC101860CSS201
HUC101860CSS204
HUC101860CSS205
HUC101830CSS200
HUC101830CSS201
HUC101830CSS204
HUC101830CSS205
HUC101818CS4200
HUC101818CS4201
HUC101818CS4204
HUC101818CS4205
HUC101812CS4200
HUC101812CS4201
HUC101812CS4204
HUC101812CS4205
HUC101890CS4200
HUC101890CS4201
HUC101890CS4204
HUC101890CS4205
HUC101860CS4200
HUC101860CS4201
HUC101860CS4204
HUC101860CS4205
HUC101845CS4200
HUC101845CS4201
HUC101845CS4204
HUC101845CS4205
Type
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE901
UCTSSE901
UCTSSE901
UCTSSE901
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE300
UCTSSE300
UCTSSE300
UCTSSE300
UCTSSE180
UCTSSE180
UCTSSE180
UCTSSE180
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE120
UCTSSE900
UCTSSE900
UCTSSE900
UCTSSE900
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE600
UCTSSE450
UCTSSE450
UCTSSE450
UCTSSE450
Capacity
Format
Instant
Secure
Erase
TCG
Encryption
FIPS
140-2
1.2TB
1.2TB
1.2TB
1.2TB
900GB
900GB
900GB
900GB
600GB
600GB
600GB
600GB
300GB
300GB
300GB
300GB
1.8TB
1.8TB
1.8TB
1.8TB
1.2TB
1.2TB
1.2TB
1.2TB
900GB
900GB
900GB
900GB
600GB
600GB
600GB
600GB
450GB
450GB
450GB
450GB
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
512n
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
4Kn/512e
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
20
Note: The specifications in this document are subject to change without notice.
For technical and ordering information, please visit our website at http://www.hgst.com.
1.2
Glossary
Word
Meaning
BMS
Background Media Scan
Kb
Kilobit = 1000 bits
Mb
Megabit = 1,000,000 bits
Gb
Gigabit = 1,000,000,000 bits
ECS
Embedded Contact Sensor
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
Kbpi
1,000 bit per inch
Ktpi
1,000 tracks per inch
Gbps
1,000,000,000 bits per sec
GB
1,000,000,000 bytes (for drive capacity)
MB
1,048,576 bytes (for Memory Size)
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI
SFF
Small Form Factor
S.M.A.R.T.
Self-Monitoring and Reporting Technology
LVD
Low Voltage Differential SCSI
FC-AL
Fibre Channel - Arbitrated Loop
1.3
Caution
This drive can be damaged by ESD (Electric Static Discharge). Any damages incurred to the drive after its removal
from the shipping package and the ESD protective bag are the responsibility of the user.
1.4
-
References
SAS Compliance
o
-
"Serial Attached SCSI - 3 (SAS-3)"
SAS Protocol
o
This drive supports Serial SCSI Protocol (SSP).
o
STP (Tunneled SATA) and SMP (Management protocol) protocols are NOT supported.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
21
2
Outline of the Drive
-
Data capacities of 1800GB/1200GB/900GB/600GB/450GB (4K/512e)
-
Data capacities of 1200GB/900GB/600GB/300GB (512n)
-
Spindle speed of 10520 RPM
-
Tied Shaft Spindle Motor
-
SAS interface 12Gbps, 6Gbps, 3Gbps, 1.5 Gbps
-
128MB Memory
-
SAS Power Down Support (pin 3)
-
Dual Stage Actuator
-
ECS ground
-
Supports dual-ported operations
-
Supports full duplex operations
-
Variable sector sizes of 512, 520, 528, 4096, 4112, 4160, 4224
-
Tagged Command Queuing support
-
Automatic read/write data transfer
-
Adaptive read ahead algorithm
-
Write Cache
-
Back to back write
-
LDPC media defect detection applying LLR erasures, and correction
-
Automatic defect reallocation
-
Self diagnostics at power on
-
Automatic actuator lock
-
RRO fields
-
LVFF (Linear vibration feedforward)
-
Hybrid multirate notch filter
-
STAR (Shaping filter To Avoid Resonance)
-
SPARK (Shaping Profile to Aggressively Running C(K))
-
S.M.A.R.T (Self Monitoring and Analysis Report Technology)
-
SAS-3 compliance
-
ANSI T10 Protection Information (End-to-End)
-
Support four levels of security features (ISE, SED, TCG, TCG+FIPS)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
22
3
Fixed Disk Subsystem Description
3.1
Control Electronics
The drive is electronically controlled by a microprocessor, several logic modules, digital/analog modules, and various
drivers and receivers. The control electronics performs the following major functions:
 Controls and interprets all interface signals between the host controller and the drive.
 Controls read write accessing of the disk media, including defect management and error recovery.
 Controls starting, stopping, and monitoring of the spindle.
 Conducts a power-up sequence and calibrates the servo.
 Analyzes servo signals to provide closed loop control. These include position error signal and estimated
velocity.
 Monitors the actuator position and determines the target track for a seek operation.
 Controls the voice coil motor driver to align the actuator in a desired position.
 Constantly monitors error conditions of the servo and takes corresponding action if an error occurs.
 Monitors various timers such as head settle and servo failure.
 Performs self-checkout (diagnostics).
3.2
Head Disk Assembly
The head/disk assembly (HDA) is assembled in a clean room environment and contains disks, a spindle motor,
actuator assembly, and voice coil motor. Air is constantly circulated and filtered when the drive is operational.
Venting of the HDA is accomplished via a breather filter.
The spindle is driven directly by a brushless, sensorless DC drive motor. Dynamic braking is used to stop the spindle
quickly.
3.3
Actuator
The read/write heads are mounted in the actuator. The actuator is a swing-arm assembly driven by a voice coil
motor. A closed-loop positioning servo controls the movement of the actuator. An embedded servo data pattern
supplies feedback to the positioning servo to keep the read/write heads centered over the desired track.
The actuator assembly is balanced to allow vertical or horizontal mounting without adjustment.
Heads are moved out from the disks (unloaded) to protect the disk data during shipping, moving, or storage. At
power down, the heads are automatically unloaded from over the disk area and the head actuator locking
mechanism will secure the heads in the unload position.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
23
4
Drive Characteristics
4.1
Table 2
Formatted Capacity
Formatted Capacity
Description
Label capacity
HUC101812CSS200
HUC101812CSS201
HUC101812CSS204
HUC101812CSS205
HUC101890CSS200
HUC101890CSS201
HUC101890CSS204
HUC101890CSS205
HUC101860CSS200
HUC101860CSS201
HUC101860CSS204
HUC101860CSS205
HUC101830CSS200
HUC101830CSS201
HUC101830CSS204
HUC101830CSS205
1200GB
900GB
600GB
300GB
Format
512n
Number of heads
6
5
3
2
Number of disks
3
3
2
1
184,300
160,100
184,300
126,900
Total data bytes
1,200,243,695,616
900,185,481,216
600,127,266,816
300,069,052,416
Total logical data
blocks (512B)
2,344,225,968
1,758,174,768
1,172,123,568
586,072,368
HUC101818CS4200
HUC101818CS4201
HUC101818CS4204
HUC101818CS4205
HUC101812CS4200
HUC101812CS4201
HUC101812CS4204
HUC101812CS4205
HUC101890CS4200
HUC101890CS4201
HUC101890CS4204
HUC101890CS4205
HUC101860CS4200
HUC101860CS4201
HUC101860CS4204
HUC101860CS4205
HUC101845CS4200
HUC101845CS4201
HUC101845CS4204
HUC101845CS4205
1800GB
1200GB
900GB
600GB
450GB
Number of
cylinders
Description
Label capacity
Format
4Kn/512e
Number of heads
8
6
4
3
2
Number of disks
4
3
2
2
1
184,300
157,900
184,300
157,900
184,300
Total data bytes
1,800,360,124,416
1,200,243,695,616
900,185,481,216
600,127,266,816
450,098,159,616
Total logical data
blocks (4096B)
439,541,046
293,028,246
219,771,846
146,515,446
109,887,246
Number of
cylinders
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
24
4.2
Table 3
Data Sheet
Data Sheet
Capacity
Format
1200GB, 900GB, 600GB,
300GB
1800GB, 1200GB, 900GB, 600GB,
450GB
512n
4Kn/512e
1306.64 – 2859.13
Buffer to/from media (Mb/s)
Host to / from buffer (interface transfer rate)
SAS 12Gbps, 6Gbps, 3Gbps, 1.5Gbps
Data buffer size
128 MB
Number of buffer segments
1-2032
Rotational speed
Recording density (Kbpi)
Track density (Tpi)
Areal density(Gb/sq in)
Data zone
10,520 RPM
1837
1962
316,000
316,000
580
620
40
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
25
4.3
4.3.1
Table 4
Inquiry Information
Product ID
Product ID in Inquiry Command
Model Name
Description
Format
Model Name
Description
Format
HUC101812CSS200
1.2TB, SAS
512n
HUC101890CS4200
900GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CSS201
1.2TB, SAS
512n
HUC101890CS4201
900GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CSS204
1.2TB, SAS
512n
HUC101890CS4204
900GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CSS205
1.2TB, SAS
512n
HUC101890CS4205
900GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101890CSS200
900GB, SAS
512n
HUC101860CS4200
600GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101890CSS201
900GB, SAS
512n
HUC101860CS4201
600GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101890CSS204
900GB, SAS
512n
HUC101860CS4204
600GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101890CSS205
900GB, SAS
512n
HUC101860CS4205
600GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101860CSS200
600GB, SAS
512n
HUC101845CS4200
450GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101860CSS201
600GB, SAS
512n
HUC101845CS4201
450GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101860CSS204
600GB, SAS
512n
HUC101845CS4204
450GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101860CSS205
600GB, SAS
512n
HUC101845CS4205
450GB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101830CSS200
300GB, SAS
512n
HUC101830CSS201
300GB, SAS
512n
HUC101830CSS204
300GB, SAS
512n
HUC101830CSS205
300GB, SAS
512n
HUC101818CS4200
1.8TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101818CS4201
1.8TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101818CS4204
1.8TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101818CS4205
1.8TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CS4200
1.2TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CS4201
1.2TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CS4204
1.2TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HUC101812CS4205
1.2TB, SAS
4Kn/512e
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
26
4.3.2
World Wide ID - Block Assignment
Table 5
Block Assignment of World Wide ID in INQUIRY Command
Manufacturing
Site
Product Name and
Associated Models
Cobra-F 1.8TB SAS 12Gb/s
Prachinburi
HUC101818CS420*
Cobra-F 1.2TB SAS 12Gb/s
Block
Assignments
(08 S/N, 8Hd Model)
(06 S/N, 6Hd Model)
HUC101812CSS20*
HUC101812CS420*
Cobra-F 900GB SAS 12Gb/s
02Ch
02Dh
(05 S/N, 5Hd up Model)
036h
(04 S/N, 4Hd Model)
02Eh
HUC101890CSS20*
Cobra-F 900GB SAS 12Gb/s
HUC101890CS420*
Cobra-F 600GB SAS 12Gb/s
(03 S/N, 3Hd up Model)
HUC101860CSS20*
HUC101860CS420*
02Fh
Cobra-F 450GB/300GB SAS 12Gb/s
(02 S/N, 2Hd Model)
Prachinburi
HUC101830CSS20*
HUC101845CS420*
Cobra-F 1.8TB SAS 12Gb/s
030h
(08 S/N, 8Hd Model)
HUC101818CS420*
031h
Singapore
Cobra-F 1.2TB SAS 12Gb/s
(06 S/N, 6Hd Model)
HUC101812CSS20*
HUC101812CS420*
Cobra-F 900GB SAS 12Gb/s
(05 S/N, 5Hd up Model)
032h
042h
HUC101890CSS20*
Cobra-F 900GB SAS 12Gb/s
(04 S/N, 4Hd Model)
033h
HUC101890CS420*
Cobra-F 600GB SAS 12Gb/s
(03 S/N, 3Hd up Model)
HUC101860CSS20*
HUC101860CS420*
034h
Cobra-F 450GB/300GB SAS 12Gb/s
(02 S/N, 2Hd Model)
Singapore
HUC101830CSS20*
HUC101845CS420*
035h
Note (1) - Additional block assignment will be issued as needed based on actual production volume.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
27
4.4
Performance Characteristics
Drive performance is characterized by the following parameters:
-
Command overhead
-
Mechanical head positioning
o
Seek time
o
Latency
-
Data transfer speed
-
Buffering operation (read ahead/write cache)
Note: All the above parameters contribute to drive performance. There are other parameters that contribute to the
performance of the actual system. This specification tries to define the bare drive characteristics, not system
throughput, which depends on the system and the application.
4.4.1
Mechanical Positioning
4.4.1.1
Average Seek Time (including settling)
Table 6 Mechanical Positioning Performance
Read
300 GB
450 GB
600 GB
900 GB
1200 GB
1800 GB
Typical (ms)
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.7
Max (ms)
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.5
4.5
4.7
Write
300 GB
450 GB
600 GB
900 GB
1200 GB
1800 GB
Typical (ms)
3.8
3.8
3.8
4.2
4.2
4.4
Max (ms)
4.9
4.9
4.9
5.3
5.3
5.5
The terms “Typical” and “Max” are used throughout this specification with the following meanings:
Typical
The average of the drive population tested at nominal environmental and voltage conditions.
Max The maximum value measured on any one drive over the full range of the environmental and voltage
conditions. (See “Environment” and “DC Power Requirements” sections).
The seek time is measured from the start of the actuator’s motion to the start of a reliable read or write operation.
“Reliable read or write” implies that error correction or recovery is not used to correct arrival problems. The average
seek time is measured as the weighted average of all possible seek combinations.
Weighted average =
M ax
 = max + 1 – n    Tnin + Tnout 
n
=1
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 max + 1   max 
Where:
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
28
max
= Maximum seek length
n
= Seek length (1 to max)
Tn.in
= Inward measured seek time for an n track seek
Tn.out
= Outward measured seek time for an n track seek
4.4.1.2
Full Stroke Seek Time
Common to all models and all seek modes
Table 7
Full Stroke Seek Time
Read
300 GB
450 GB
600 GB
900 GB
1200 GB
1800 GB
Typical (ms)
6.7
6.7
6.7
6.9
7.0
7.3
Max (ms)
9.3
9.3
9.3
9.6
9.6
9.8
Write
300 GB
450 GB
600 GB
900 GB
1200 GB
1800 GB
Typical (ms)
6.9
6.9
6.9
7.3
7.4
7.8
Max (ms)
9.6
9.6
9.6
10.0
10.1
10.4
Full stroke seek is measured as the average of 1,000 full stroke seeks with a random head switch from both
directions (inward and outward).
4.4.1.3
Table 8
Average Latency
Latency Time
Rotational speed
Time for a revolution
(ms)
Average latency
(ms)
10,520 RPM
5.71
2.85
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
29
4.4.2
Drive Ready Time
Table 9
Drive Ready Time
Model
Typical (sec)
Maximum (sec)
300 GB
5.6
15
450 GB, 600 GB
7.4
15
900 GB, 1200 GB
9.6
15
1800 GB
11.8
15
4.4.3
Spindle Stop Time
Table 10
Spindle Stop Time
Model
Typical (sec)
Maximum (sec)
300 GB
2.7
15
450 GB, 600 GB
3.5
15
900 GB, 1200 GB
4.6
15
1800 GB
5.8
15
The period from power off to the complete stop of the rotating spindle is categorized as ’operating’. The
Operating shock criteria apply during this period. Refer to section, “Operating Shock”.
4.4.4
Table 11
Data Transfer Speed
Data Transfer Speed (sector size 512 Byte case)
Description
Typical (MB / Sec)
Disk -buffer
transfer
Zone
Model
Read
Write
Instantaneous
0
1200 GB
236.5
236.5
Typical values for
sustained disk buffer transfer rate
0
1200 GB
224.1
224.1
Instantaneous
39
1200 GB
136.5
136.5
Typical values for
sustained disk buffer transfer rate
39
1200 GB
129.3
129.3
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
30
Table 12
Data Transfer Speed (sector size 4096 Byte case)
Description
Typical (MB / Sec)
Disk -buffer
transfer
Zone
Model
Read
Write
Instantaneous
0
1800 GB
260.7
260.7
Typical values for
sustained disk buffer transfer rate
0
1800 GB
246.9
246.9
Instantaneous
39
1800 GB
153.8
153.8
Typical values for
sustained disk buffer transfer rate
39
1800 GB
145.6
145.6
Notes:

For this table, '1 MB / Sec' is defined as 1,000,000 bytes per Second.

Instantaneous disk-buffer transfer rate is derived by: (Number of sectors on a track) x (sectors/track) x
(revolutions/sec)

The number of sectors per track will vary by radial zone because linear bit density is approximately constant
while track radius decreases with increasing zone number.

Sustained disk-buffer transfer rate is the average rate measured while transferring multiple tracks of data.
It differs from the instantaneous transfer rate because of the time required to change tracks (track skew). In
addition, time is added for the occasional missed track switch.
4.4.5
Buffering Operation (read ahead/write cache)
This hard disk drive has a buffer for read ahead (see section “Segmented Caching”)
This hard disk drive has a buffer for write cache (see section “Write Cache”)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
31
5
Data Integrity
The drive retains recorded information under all non-write operations.
No more than one sector can be lost by power down during a write operation while write cache is disabled. If power
down occurs before completion of a data transfer from write cache to disk while write cache is enabled, the data
remaining in the write cache will be lost. To prevent this data loss at power off, the following action is recommended:
-
5.1
Confirm successful completion of a SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (35h) command
Equipment Status
Equipment status is available to the host system any time the drive is not ready to READ, WRITE or SEEK. This
status normally exists at power-on time and will be maintained until the following conditions are satisfied:
-
Access recalibration/tuning is complete
-
Spindle speed meets requirements for reliable operations
-
Self-check of drive is complete
Appropriate error status is made available to the host system if any of the following conditions occur after the drive
has become ready:
-
Spindle speed goes outside of requirements for reliable operation
-
“Write fault” is detected
5.2
Error Recovery Procedure
-
Errors occurring with the drive are handled by the error recovery procedure.
-
Errors that are uncorrectable after application of the error recovery procedures are reported to the host
system as non-recoverable errors.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
32
6
Physical Format
Media defects are remapped to the next available sector during the Format Process in manufacturing. The mapping
from Logical Block Address (LBA) to the physical Block locations is calculated using internally maintained tables.
6.1
Shipped Format (P-List)

Data areas are optimally used.

All pushes generated by defects are absorbed by available tracks of the inner notch.
P-List Physical Format
N
N+1 defect
N+2 defect
skip
N+3
skip
Note: Defects are skipped without any constraint, such as track or cylinder boundary. The calculation from LBA to
physical is done automatically by internal table.
6.2
Reassigned Format (G-List)

G-List has a capacity of 10000 Customer LBAs.

Multiple reassignments of the same Customer LBA increase the number of G-List entries.

Spare sectors use the media cache regions which are inserted after every 1800 nominal customer tracks.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
33
7
7.1
Electrical Interface
SAS Connector
The drive uses the standard 29 pin Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) connector which conforms to the mechanical
requirements of SFF 8680. The connector is expected to be used in an environment which uses a common
connector structure for racking disk drives in a cabinet. The connector allows for plugging a drive directly into a
backplane by providing the necessary electrical connection. Mechanical stability and device retention must be
provided by a mechanism outside the drive.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
34
7.1.1
29 pin Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) Connector Definition
Diagram of top and bottom of connector showing pin outs.
Figure 1 SAS Connector
Table 13
Pin No.
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S10
S11
S12
S13
S14
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
29-pin Connector Signal Definition
Signal
GND
RP+
RPGND
TPTP+
GND
GND
RS+
RSGND
TSTS+
GND
Vendor Spec
Vendor Spec
POWER
DISABLE
GND
GND
GND
+5V-Charge
+5V
+5V
GND
READY LED
GND
+12V=Charge
Description
GND for SAS Primary Port
SAS Primary Port Receive (positive) signal
SAS Primary Port Receive (negative) signal
GND for SAS Primary Port
SAS Primary Port Receive (negative) signal
SAS Primary Port Receive (positive) signal
GND for SAS Primary Port
GND for SAS Secondary Port
SAS Secondary Port Receive (Positive) signal
SAS Secondary Port Receive (negative) signal
GND for SAS Secondary Port
SAS Secondary Port Receive (negative) signal
SAS Secondary Port Receive (Positive) signal
GND for SAS Secondary Port
NOT USED (Pins P1-P2 tied internally)
NOT USED (Pins P1-P2 tied internally)
Power Disable
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
Pre-charge pin for +5V
+5V power supply input
+5V power supply input
GROUND
READY LED output
GROUND
Pre-charge pin for +12V
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
35
P14
P15
7.1.2
+12V
+12V
+12V power supply input
+12V power supply input
Voltage and Ground Signals
The 12V and 5V contacts provide all of the voltages required by the drive. The two voltages share a common ground
plane to which all of the ground contacts are connected.
7.1.3
Ready LED Output
The drive provides an open-drain driver with 15mA of current sink capability to the Ready LED Output signal. The
cathode of the LED should be connected to this signal. The LED and the current-limiting resistor must be provided by
the enclosure
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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8
Environment
8.1
Temperature and Humidity
Table 14
Operating and Non-operating Conditions
Operating Conditions
Ambient Temperature
5°C to 55ºC
Relative humidity
5 to 90%, non-condensing
Maximum wet bulb temperature
29.4ºC, non-condensing
Maximum surface temperature gradient
20ºC/hour
Altitude
-305 to 3,048 m
Shipping Conditions
Ambient Temperature
-40°C to 70ºC
Relative humidity
5 to 95%, non-condensing
Maximum wet bulb temperature
35ºC, non-condensing
Maximum surface temperature gradient
30ºC/hour
Altitude
-305 to 12,192 m
Storage Conditions
Ambient Temperature
0°C to 65ºC
Relative humidity
5 to 90%, non-condensing
Maximum wet bulb temperature
35ºC, non-condensing
Altitude
-305 to 12,192 m
Environments that contain elevated levels of corrosives (e.g. hydrogen sulfide, sulfur oxides, or hydrochloric acid)
should be avoided. Care must be taken to avoid using any compound/material in a way that creates an elevated
level of corrosive materials in the atmosphere surrounding the disk drive. Care must also be taken to avoid use of
any organometallic (e.g. organosilicon or organotin) compound/material in a way that creates elevated vapor levels
of these compounds/materials in the atmosphere surrounding the disk drive.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Figure 2 Environmental Specification
8.2
8.2.1
Storage Requirements
Packaging
The drive or option kit must be heat-sealed in a moisture barrier bag with bag supplied by HGST.
8.2.2
Storage Time
The drive may not remain inoperative for a period of more than one year. During this time, the maximum time the
drive may be stored after the bag is opened is 6 months.
8.3
Cooling Requirements
Drive component temperatures must remain within the limits specified in the following table. Maximum component
temperature ratings must not be exceeded under any operating condition. The drive may require forced air cooling to
meet the specified, maximum operating temperatures.
Table 15 Maximum Allowable Surface Temperatures
Module Name
Location
HDD base casting
as noted in
picture
Maximum Allowable Surface
Temperature
60ºC
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
38
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
39
9
DC Power Requirements
The following voltage specification applies at the drive power connector. Connections to the drive should be made in
a safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuit. There is no power on or power off sequencing requirement.
Adequate secondary over-current protection is the responsibility of the system.
Table 16 Input Voltage and Capacitance
Supply
Tolerance
Absolute Max
Spike Voltage
Supply Rise Time
Capacitance
5V
+/- 5%
5.5 V
0-200 ms
39 uF
12 V
+/- 5%
15 V
0-400 ms
14 uF
Note: -8% is acceptable during spin up, but the spin up time is not guaranteed.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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9.1
Power Supply Current, Average and Peak
The following current and power requirements are typical when operating under the following conditions: Nominal 5
and 12V, Background Media Scan (BMS) disabled for Idle, Write Caching disabled and the drive reporting a
temperature of 45C, unless noted. Power On to Drive Ready is measured at 25C.
Figure 3 Power On to Drive Ready
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
41
Table 17
1800 GB, 4K
Table 18
1200 GB, 4K
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
42
Table 19
1200 GB, 512
Table 20
900 GB, 4K
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
43
Table 21
900 GB, 512
Table 22
600 GB, 4K
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Table 23
600 GB, 512
Table 24
450 GB, 4K
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
45
Table 25
300 GB, 512
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
46
Figure 4 Power vs IOPS
9.2
Ripple Voltage
Table 26
Power Supply Generated Ripple at Drive Power Connector
Maximum (mV pp)
MHz
+5 V DC
250
0-10
+12 V DC
250
0-10
During drive start up and seek, 12 volt ripple is generated by the drive (referred to as dynamic loading). If the power
of several drives is daisy chained, the power supply ripple plus other drive dynamic loading must remain within the
regulation tolerance of +5%. A common supply with separate power leads to each drive is a more desirable method
of power distribution.
To prevent external electrical noise from interfering with the drive's performance, the drive must be held by four
screws in a user system frame that has no electrical level difference at the four screw positions. The drive
enclosure must not be used in the current return path of the drive power supply. The maximum common-mode
noise current passing through the drive must not exceed 20 mA.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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9.3
Power Consumption Efficiency Index
Table 27
Power Consumption Efficiency Index
Capacity (GB)
Format
Idle_Watts
Value
1800
4K
5.4
0.0030
1200
4K
5.0
0.0042
900
4K
4.6
0.0051
600
4K
4.6
0.0076
450
4K
4.2
0.0093
1200
512
5.0
0.0042
900
512
5.0
0.0055
600
512
4.5
0.0075
300
512
4.1
0.0138
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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10
10.1
Reliability
Start/Stop Cycles
The drive is designed to withstand a minimum of 50,000 start/stop cycles at ambient environment.
The drive is designed to withstand a minimum of 10,000 start/stop cycles at the operating environment conditions
specified in Chapter 8.0, “Environment”.
10.2
Load/Unload Cycles
The drive is designed to withstand a minimum of 600,000 load/unload cycles at the operating environmental
conditions specified in Chapter 8.0, “Environment”.
10.3
Data Reliability
The probability of an uncorrectable data error on a population average is 10 in 1x1017 bits read.
The channel design is changed from the prior generation of DASD devices to use an LDPC channel having similar
code rate to prior Reed Solomon error correction. The design of the LDPC channel includes usage of media
defect detection circuits for locating defects and performing erasure correction, replacing the offline erasure
correction capability of RS codes. Modulation coding properties for timing and gain recovery are equivalent to prior
product generation
LDPC implementation:
-
Single LDPC codeword per sector with 576 bits of parity for 512n (4kB format LDPC overhead is 4608 which
is exactly 8*576)
-
Media defect detection circuit using erasure flags to zero LLR values
-
LDPC code designed to correct defects up to 425 bits for 512n
-
LBA seeded 32 bit CRC on the sector, plus a 72 bit media ECC for miscorrect detection
10.4
Seek Errors
A non-recoverable seek/ID miscompare error is defined as a seek operation that cannot be recovered by the error
recovery procedure of the drive. The drive reports sense key 04 and sense code 02 for this error.
No drive has more than ten non-recoverable seek/ID miscompare errors per 100 million seek operations (10 in 1x
108) when operated at the full range of voltage and environmental conditions.
10.5
Failure Prediction (S.M.A.R.T)
SMART Monitoring Parameters are checked to determine if the (Read/Write/Seek) error rates exceed the drive’s
threshold value when an error occurs and a minimum amount of operation has been completed. A check is also
performed for a minimum level of Spare Sector Availability.
The Head Load / Unload Count, Spin Up Time and Spin Up Retry Count parameters are checked prior to reporting a
“Ready” condition at Power On. Smart monitors Milliactuator calibration which occurs at power on and in error
recovery. SMART monitors unrecoverable corrupted critical segments of the Reserved Area. If SMART reports a
problem in the Reserved Area, all data should be recovered from the drive before a power cycle.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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10.6
MTBF (Mean Time Between Failure):
2.0M hours.
This MTBF target is based on a sample population and is estimated by statistical measurements and acceleration
algorithms under nominal operating conditions. MTBF ratings are not intended to predict an individual drive’s
reliability. MTBF does not constitute a warranty.
10.7
Preventive Maintenance
None
10.8
Temperature Warning
Temperature Warning is enabled by setting the EWASC (Enable Warning Additional Sense Code) bit to 1 and
setting DEXCPT (Disable Exception Control) bit to 0 in Mode Page 1C. For mode page settings, refer to Section
“Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)”. The warning is issued as sense data (Sense Key 01h, Code
0Bh, Qual 01h).
The drive temperature is reported in “Log Sense Page 2F”.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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11
Mechanical Specifications
11.1
Outline
11.2
Mechanical Dimensions
The drive complies with SFF-8201.
Table 28
Physical Dimensions
Height [mm]
14.75 ± 0.25
Width [mm]
69.85
Length (base) [mm]
100.2 ± 0.25
Length (including connector) [mm]
100.60 ± 0.70
Weight [grams - maximum]
300 GB Model
450 GB Model
600 GB Model
900 GB Model
1200 GB Model
1800 GB Model
± 0.25
212 grams
212 grams
217 grams
227 grams
227 grams
220 grams
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
51
Figure 5 Top and Side Views and Mechanical Dimensions
All dimensions are in millimeters.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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11.3
Interface Connector
The interface conforms to the specification SFF-8223, 2.5 Drive Form Factor with Serial Connector.
11.4
Mounting Positions and Tappings
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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11.5
Drive Mounting
The drive will operate in all axes (6 directions). Performance and error rate will stay within specification limits if the
drive is operated in the other orientations from which it was formatted.
The recommended mounting screw torque is 0.45 Nm (4.5 Kgf-cm). The recommended mounting screw depth is 2.5
mm maximum for bottom and 3.0 mm maximum for horizontal mounting.
To avoid performance degradation, mount the drive in the system securely enough to prevent excessive motion or
vibration of the drive at seek operation or spindle rotation, using appropriate screws or equivalent mounting
hardware. Consult with the issuer of this specification for actual application if necessary.
Drive level vibration tests and shock tests are to be conducted with the drive mounted to a table using the bottom
four screws.
11.6
Heads Unload and Actuator Lock
Heads are moved out from the disks (unload) to protect the disk data during shipping, moving or storage. At power
down, the heads are automatically unloaded from over the disk area and the head actuator locking mechanism will
secure the heads in the unload position.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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12
Vibration and Shock
All vibration and shock measurements in this section are made with a bare drive. The input for the measurements
are applied
to the normal drive mounting points unless noted otherwise.
12.1
Operating Vibration
12.1.1
Random Vibration
The drive is designed to operate without unrecoverable errors while being subjected to the vibration levels as defined
below.
The assessments are carried out during 30 minutes of random vibration using the power spectral density (PSD)
levels as follows.
No Errors:
0.4 G RMS, 5-500 Hz, flat PSD profile for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes.
No Data Loss:
1.2 G RMS, 5-500 Hz, flat PSD profile for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes.
No Data Loss:
1.5 G RMS, 10-300 Hz for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes.
Note:
The specified levels are measured at the mounting points.
12.1.2
Swept Sine Vibration
The drive will meet the criterion while operating in the respective conditions as described below.
No errors:
1.0g @ 5-500 Hz sine wave, 0.5 octave/minute sweep rate
No data loss:
1.5g @ 5-500 Hz sine wave, 0.5 octave/minute sweep rate
12.2
Non-operating Vibrations
The drive will not sustain permanent damage or loss of recorded data after being subjected to the environments as
described below
12.2.1
Random Vibration
The test consists of a random vibration applied for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes. A time duration
of ten minutes per axis.
1.5 G RM S, 5-500 Hz, flat PSD profile.
12.2.2
Swept Sine Vibration
The test consists of a swept sine vibration applied for each of the three mutually perpendicular axes.
3.0 G 0-peak, 10 - 500 Hz sine wave, 0.5 octave/minute sweep rate.
12.3
Operating Shock
The drive will meet the criterion while operating in the respective conditions as described below.
No data loss:
15G, 11 ms duration, half sinewave shock pulse
No data loss:
60G, 2 ms duration, half sinewave shock pulse, read operation mode
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
55
No data loss:
30G, 2 ms duration, half sinewave shock pulse, write operation mode
The shock pulses of each level are applied to the drive, ten pulses for each direction and for all three mutually
perpendicular axes. There must be a minimum of thirty seconds delay between shock pulses. The input level is
applied to a base plate where the drive is attached using four mounting screws.
12.4
Non-operating Shock
The drive will not sustain permanent damage or loss of recorded data after being subjected to the environments as
described below.
12.4.1
Half sinewave Shock Pulse
100 G, 11 ms duration, half sinewave pulse
300 G, 2 ms duration, half sine wave pulse
200 G, 0.5 ms duration, half sinewave pulse
The shocks are applied in each direction of the drive for the three mutually perpendicular axes, one axis at a time.
The input level is applied to a base plate where the drive is attached using four mounting screws.
12.4.2
Rotational Shock
30,000 radians /second2, 1 ms duration
20,000 radians /second2, 2 ms duration
The shock input is applied around the axis of the actuator pivot. The shock input does not displace the heads from
the actuator latched position.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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13
Acoustics
13.1
Sound Power Levels
The upper limit criteria of A-weighted sound power levels are given in Bel, relative to one pico watt, and are shown in
the following table. The measurement method is in accordance with ISO-7779.
Table 29
A-weighted Sound Power Levels
A-weighted Sound Power Level (Bel)
Model
Mode
Typical
Maximum
Idle
3.4
3.7
Operating
3.8
4.1
All
Background power levels of the acoustic test chamber for each octave band are to be recorded. Sound power levels
are measured with the drive supported by spacers so that the lower surface of the drive is located at a height of 25
cm from the chamber floor.
No sound-absorbing material shall be used. The acoustical characteristics of the drive subsystem are measured
under the following conditions.
Idle Mode:
Powered on, disks spinning, track following, unit ready to receive and respond to host commands.
Operating Mode
Continuous random cylinder selection and seek operation of the actuator with dwell time at each cylinder. Seek rate
for the drive is calculated per the formula below:
Ns = average seek rate in seeks/sec where:
Ns = 0.4 / (Tt + Tl)
Tt = published random seek time
Tl = time for the drive to rotate by half a revolution
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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14
14.1
Identification Labels
Labels
The following labels are affixed to every hard disk drive shipped from the drive manufacturing location in accordance
with appropriate hard disk drive assembly drawing:

A label containing the HGST logo, HGST part number and the statement “Made by HGST,” or HGST
approved equivalent.

A label containing drive model number, manufacturing date, formatted capacity, country of origin or HGST
approved equivalent and UL, C-UL, TUV, CE, MIC, BSMI,CTICK, RoHS and Recycle logos.

A bar code label containing the drive serial number.

A user designed label, per agreement

Interface definition mark, SAS-3 Model
The labels may be integrated with other labels.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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15
Electromagnetic Compatibility
The drive, when installed in a suitable enclosure and exercised with a random accessing routine at a maximum data
rate will comply with the worldwide EMC requirements listed below.
The drive is designed for system integration and installation into a suitable enclosure for use. As such, the drive is
supplied as a subassembly and is not subject to Subpart B of Part 15 of the FCC Rules and Regulations.
The design of the drive serves to minimize radiated emissions when installed in an enclosure that provides
reasonable shielding. As such, the drive is capable of meeting FCC Class B limits. However, it is the user’s
responsibility to assure that the drive meets the appropriate EMC requirements in their system. Shielded I/O cables
may be required if the enclosure does not provide adequate shielding, with the shields grounded to the enclosure
and to the host computer.
Radiated and Conducted RF
CISPR22:2009/Am1:2010
(Australia, New Zealand)
CNS 13438:2006
(Taiwan)
EN 55022:2010
(EU)
FCC Title 47 Part 15
(USA)
GB9254-2008
(China)
ICES-003, Issue 5, 2012
(Canada)
VCCI V-3/2013-04
(Japan)
KN 22:2013-3 (RRA Notice)
(Korea)
KN 22:2013-24 (RRA Notice)
(Korea)
ITE Immunity
EN 55024:2010
(EU)
KN 24:2013-4 (RRA Notice)
(Korea)
KN 24:2013-25 (RRA Notice)
(Korea)
Power Line Harmonic Emissions
EN 61000-3-2:2006 Am1:2009, Am2:2009
(EU)
GB 17625.1 2003
(China)
Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker
EN 61000-3-3:2008
(EU)
GB 17625.2 1999
(China)
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Immunity
KN 61000-4-2:2013-06
Radiated RF Immunity
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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KN 61000-4-3:2011-10
Electrical Fast Transient/Burst (EFT/B) Immunity
KN 61000-4-4:2011-10
Surge Immunity
KN 61000-4-5:2008-05
Conducted RF Immunity
KN 61000-4-6:2013-06
Power Frequency Magnetic Field Immunity
KN 61000-4-8:2013-06
Voltage Dips and Interruptions Immunity
KN 61000-4-11:2008-05
15.1
Class B Regulatory Notices
European Union
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the
approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. HGST cannot accept
responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of
the product, including the fitting of non-HGST option cards.
This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment
according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential
environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication devices.
Canada
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Germany
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis:
Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht
den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EC zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die
elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten. und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein.
Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben.
Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der HGST empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. HGST übernimmt keine
Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung der HGST
verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung der HGST
gesteckt/eingebaut werden.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten
Dieses Produkt entspricht dem "Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)". Dies ist
die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EC in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagneti-sche Verträglichkeit von Geräten
(EMVG) vom 20 July 2007 (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EC) für Geräte der Klasse B Dieses Gerät ist
berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen.
Verantwortlich für die Konformitätserklärung nach Paragraf 5 des EMVG ist die HGST, a Western Digital company,
3403 Yerba Buena Road, San Jose, California 95135. Informationen in Hinsicht EMVG Paragraf 4 Abs. (1) 4:
Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.
Korea (MIC)
Taiwan (BSMI)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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16
Safety Certification
The following shows the safety standards for different countries.
16.1
UL and CSA Standard Conformity
This drive is used as a component in Information Technology Equipment (ITE) business equipment systems. This
drive is certified for use in the United States per UL 60950-1, Second Edition, 2011-12-19 and in Canada per CSA
C22.2 No. 60950-1-07, Second Edition, 2011-12. The cRUus UL component recognition mark is specifically used on
component parts that are part of a larger product or system and indicates compliance with both Canadian and U.S.
requirements. The recognition mark appears on the drive label and is maintained for the life of the product.
16.2
European Standards Compliance
This product is additionally certified to the following standard:
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Safety Standard:
IEC 60950-1:2005, Second Edition + A1:2009 (IECEE CB Scheme)
16.3
German Safety Mark
This product has received the TUV Bauart Certification mark under EN 60950-1:2006 with Am. 11 (2009) +
Am1:2010 + A12:2011, Second Edition safety standard. The GS mark is not applicable to internal subsystem drives.
16.4
Flammability
The printed wiring boards, flex cables, and connectors used in this drive meet or exceed the UL minimum
flammability classifications listed in the table below.
The flammability ratings are marked on the printed wiring boards and flex cables
Component
16.5
Flammability Rating
Rigid Printed Wiring Board
Min. V-1
Flex Cable - no components
Min. V-2
Interface & motor connectors
Min. V-2
Corporate Standards Compliance
This product has been designed to meet the following Corporate Standards:
-
NB 3-0501-201 Product Safety, National Requirements-All Countries.
-
CS 3-0501-070 Electrical, Mechanical and Flammability
-
NB 3-0501-033 Product Safety National Certification Conformity Requirement
-
CS 9700-020 Eco-Product Design Requirement
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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17
SAS Attachment
This section defines some basic terminology and describes the behavior of the drive when attached to a Serial
Attached SCSI (i.e. SAS) domain.
17.1
General
This section introduces some of the terminology that is used in describing Serial Attached SCSI (i.e. SAS).
SAS is logically a bi-directional, point to point serial data channel that leverages the SCSI protocol set. Nodes are
physically connected via a port.
Ports may be connected point-to-point via SAS expanders, to form a complex switching network, referred to as a
SAS domain.
SAS is defined in terms of a hierarchy of functions or 'protocol layers'. This discussion will focus in on the aspects of
SAS that are relevant to this product.
•
•
•
•
•
•
SCSI Application Layer - Clause 10
SSP Transport Layer (Serial SCSI Protocol) - Clause 9
SAS Port Layer - Clause 8
SSP Link Layer - Clause 7
SAS PHY Layer - Clause 6
SAS Physical Layer - Clause 5
All layers are defined in the following ANSI standard.
• "SAS Protocol Layer - 2 (SPL-3)"
In addition, this drive claims compliance with the following ANSI standards.
• SCSI Architecture Model (SAM-5)
• SCSI Block Commands (SBC-3)
17.2
SAS Features
The following SAS features are supported by the drive.
• SAS Compliance
- "Serial Attached SCSI - 3 (SAS-3)"
• SAS Protocol
- This drive supports Serial SCSI Protocol (SSP).
- STP (Tunneled SATA) and SMPs (Management protocols) are NOT supported.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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• SAS Dual Ported Operation
- Single PHY ports (i.e. Narrow port. Wide Port NOT supported)
- Ports function independently with separate firmware controls
- Multiple DMA engines capable of accessing either port
- Maximum outstanding credit of four per port
• Physical Link Rates
- G1 (1.5 Gbs), G2 (3.0 Gbps), G3 (6.0 Gbps), and G4 (12.0 Gbps) supported
- Largely automated OOB and speed negotiation sequences
- Optional support for the hot-plug timeout in hardware
• Partial support for Disconnect/Reconnect Mode Page (0x02)
- Maximum Connect Time Limit - SUPPORTED
- Bus Inactivity Time Limit - NOT SUPPORTED
- Maximum Burst Size - SUPPORTED
- First Burst Size - NOT SUPPORTED
• Others...
- Connection Rate Matching
- Hard Reset primitive sequence detection and validation in hardware
- Support for NOTIFY (Power Loss Expected)
- Hashed WWN validation in hardware
- Extended CDB support
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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17.3
SAS Names and Identifiers
In SAS, device and port names are worldwide unique names within a transport protocol. Port identifiers are the
values by which ports are identified within a domain, and are used as SAS addresses. PHY identifiers are unique
within a device.
Table 30
Names and Identifiers
Object
SAS Implementation
Port Identifier
SAS address
Port Name
Not defined
Device Name
SAS address
PHY Identifier
PHY identifier
Where the SAS address format is defined by ANSI as follows:
Table 31
SAS Address Format
Byte/Bit
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
NAA (5h)
1
0
(MSB)
1
IEEE Company ID
2
3
(LSB)
(MSB)
4
5
Vendor Specific Identifier
(LSB)
6
7
The SAS device name is a unique SAS address worldwide name. This device name is reported through the SCSI
Vital Products Data.
Each of the two SAS ports also has a unique SAS address worldwide name. These port identifiers are reported in the
IDENTIFY address frame and are used as source and destination addresses in the OPEN address frame. They are
also reported through the SCSI Vital Products Data.
Since this drive is one device with two ports it has three SAS addresses. All SAS addresses are in 64-bit IEEE
Registered Name format, as illustrated in Table 32.
Table 32 IEEE Registered Name Format
Bit
63-60
59-36
35-24
23-2
1-0
0101
OUI in Canonical Form
Block Assignment
S/N
Object
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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The Name Address Authority field (5h) specifies the format used for the rest of the name as follows:
Field
OUI
Block Assignment
Object
S/N
Description
Organizationally Unique Identifier (24 bits). Canonical form means that each byte is stored
in “bit reversed” order.
Block assignment within HGST, a Western Digital Company
Device Name/Port Identifier
00b
Device
01b
Port 1
10b
Port 2
11b
Not assigned
Sequentially increasing drive serial number assigned at manufacturing.
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17.4
PHY Layer
The PHY layer defines 8b10b encoding and OOB signals. The PHY layer is the interface between the link layer and
the physical layer. This section describes PHY layer behaviors of the drive. For a complete description of SAS PHY
Layer, please see the ANSI specification, SPL-3.
17.4.1
Link Reset Sequence
The Link Reset sequences for SAS are defined in the SPL-3 ANSI specification with a general overview shown
below. As shown in the diagram, a PHY Reset sequence, consists of an OOB sequence, followed by speed
negotiation. Link Reset sequences will always include a PHY Reset sequence, followed by an Identification
sequence. Inclusion of a Hard Reset sequence is optional. If Hard Reset is performed, it will be preceded by a PHY
Reset sequence, and followed by PHY Reset and an Identification sequence.
SAS
Time
Link Reset sequence
Phy Reset sequence
OOB sequence
SAS w/Hard Reset
Speed Negotiation
sequence
Identification sequence
Time
Link Reset Sequence with hard Reset
Phy Reset sequence
Hard Reset Sequence
Phy Reset sequence
Identification sequence
Figure 6 Link Reset Sequence
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17.4.2
Hard Reset
A Hard Reset sequence on a port will not affect the other port, but the outstanding commands on the other port will
be aborted due to the LUN reset associated with the Hard Reset. The effect of a Hard Reset will be similar to a
Power on Reset, and will result in the re-initialization of all drive resources. The first command issued from every
initiator on the port that received the Hard Reset will result in a CHECK CONDITION with a sense key of UNIT
ATTENTION and an additional sense code of SCSI BUS RESET OCCURRED. The first command issued from
every initiator on the other port will result in a CHECK CONDITION and an additional sense code of BUS DEVICE
RESET OCCURRED.
A Hard Reset sequence will never be issued by the drive. A link reset will be initiated by the drive on the affected port
upon completion of Hard Reset processing.
17.4.3
SAS OOB (Out of Band)
Out of Band (OOB) signals are low-speed signal patterns detected by the PHY that do not appear in normal data
streams. They consist of defined amounts of idle time followed by defined amounts of burst time. During the idle
time, D.C. idle is transmitted. During the burst time, ALIGN (0) primitives are transmitted repeatedly. The signals are
differentiated by the length of idle time between the burst times.
As a SAS compliant device, the drive uses three OOB signals: COMINIT/COMRESET and COMWAKE and
COMSAS.OOB operations are beyond the scope of this specification. Please refer to the ANSI SPL-3 specification
for more details.
The drive will initiate OOB by sending COMINITs, under the following conditions:
- POR
- Loss of sync
- Identify timeout
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17.4.4
SAS Speed Negotiation
The drive supports G1 (1.5 Gbps), G2 (3.0 Gbps), G3 (6.0 Gbps), and G4 (12.0 Gbps) negotiation speeds. The
default maximum negotiation rate is G4 speed (per byte 32 in the PHY Control and Discover Mode Page 19 subpage
1). Drive is SAS3 device and supports SNW-1, SNW-2, SNW-3 speed negotiation with PHY capabilities exchange,
and both transmitter training (Train_Tx-SNW, at 12G only) and receiver training (Train_Rx-SNW or Train-SNW). The
drive’s PHY capabilities are defined in table below:
PHY Capabilities:
Table 33
SAS Speed Negotiation
Byte /Bit
7
6
5
0
Start =1b
TX SSC
Type = 0b
1
G1 Without
SSC=1b
G1 With
SSC=1b
4
Reserved
G2 Without
SSC=1b
2
2
1
0
Requested Logical Link Rate = 0h
G3 Without
SSC=1b
G3 With
SSC=1b
G4
Without
SSC=1b
G4 With
SSC=1b
Reserved
3













G2 With
SSC=1b
3
Reserved
Parity
Start is set to 1 to indicate the beginning of the PHY capabilities
TX SSC Type is set to 1 to indicate that PHY’s transmitter uses center-spreading-SSC when SSC is enabled
TX SSC Type is set to 0 to indicate that PHY’s transmitter uses down-spreading-SSC when SSC is enabled
Requested Logical Link Rate field is set to 0 to indicate that drive does not support multiplexing
G1 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G1 (1.5 Gbps) without SSC
G2 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G2 (3.0 Gbps) without SSC
G3 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G3 (6.0 Gbps) without SSC
G4 Without SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G4 (12.0 Gbps) without SSC
G1 With SSC set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G1 (1.5 Gbps) with SSC
G2 With SSC set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G2 (3.0 Gbps) with SSC
G3 With SSC set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G3 (6.0 Gbps) with SSC
G4 With SSC is set to 1 to indicate that drive supports G4 (12.0 Gbps) with SSC
Parity is set to 1 for even parity of the total number of SNW-3 PHY capabilities, including Start bit.
Training is based on the highest untried commonly supported settings on the exchanged SNW-3 supported settings
bits. If a Train-SNW is invalid and there are additional, untried, commonly supported settings exchanged during
SNW-3, then a new Train-SNW will be performed based on the next highest untried, commonly supported settings.
Table 34 defines the priority of the supported settings bits.
Table 34
Supported Settings Bit Priorities
Priority
Bit
Highest
G4 With SSC bit
...
G4 Without SSC bit
...
G3 With SSC bit
...
G3 Without SSC bit
...
G2 With SSC bit
…
G2 Without SSC bit
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…
G1 With SSC bit
G1 Without SSC bit
Lowest
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17.4.5
PHY Error Handling
This section defines the PHY layer error handling of the drive.
Table 35
PHY Layer Error Handling
Error
Error Handling Procedure
Link Reset
After POR or Hard Reset, the drive initiates link reset by transmitting exactly 1
COMINIT. For other resets, the drive does not initiate Link Reset.
COMINIT Timeout
If COMINIT or COMSAS is not received before the ”Hot Plug Timeout" period
expires, the drive continues to transmit DC zero and wait for COMINIT/COMSAS.
Firmware is notified.
This is not considered an error.
COMSAS Timeout
If COMINIT is detected, COMSAS is transmitted, and COMSAS is not received
before the COMSAS Detect Timeout timer expires, firmware is notified and the
drive continues to transmit DC zero and wait for COMINIT.
Speed Negotiation Errors
If speed negotiation fails with no match, or if the drive fails retrying the matched
link rate, firmware is notified and the drive continues to transmit DC zero and wait
for COMINIT. If the match link rate retry fails, the PHY Reset Problem counter is
incremented (Log Page 0x18).
Loss of Sync
If the drive loses Dword sync long enough for the loss of sync timer to expire,
firmware is notified and the drive transmits a COMINIT to initiate a new link reset.
The loss of Dword sync counter is incremented (Log Page 0x18).
Disparity/Invalid Dword Error If a disparity error or an invalid Dword is detected by the drive, the Invalid Dword
Count is incremented (Log Page 0x18). The Running Disparity Error Count in Log
Page 0x18 is not used
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17.5
Link Layer
The SAS Link layer defines primitives, address frames, and connections. The Link layer is the interface between the
Port layer and the PHY layer. This section describes Link layer behaviors of the drive. For a complete description of
SAS Link layer, please see the ANSI specification, SPL-3.
17.5.1
Address Frames
Address frames are used for the identification sequence and for connection requests and are only sent outside
connections. The Address Frame format is defined below:
Table 36
Address Frame Format
Bit
Byte
7
0
RSVD
6
5
4
3
Device Type
2
1
0
Address Frame Type
1-27
Frame Type Dependent bytes
28-31
CRC
 Address Frame Type indicates the type of address frame and is defined in Table 37. This field determines the
definition of the frame type dependent bytes.
Table 37
Frame Type:
Value
Address Frame Type Description
0000b
IDENTIFY: Identification Sequence
0001b
OPEN: Connection Request
Others
Reserved
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17.5.1.1
Identify Address Frame
The Identify Address Frame format is used for the identification sequence. The Identify Address Frame is sent after
the PHY reset sequence completes. The Identify Address Frame format is defined as follows:
Table 38 Identify Address Frame
Bit
Byte
7
0
RSVD
6
5
4
3
Device Type = 1h
2
1
0
Address Frame Type = 0
1
Reserved
2
Reserved
SSP
Initiator
Port
STP
Initiator
Port
SMP
Initiator
Port
RSVD
3
Reserved
SSP
Target Port
STP
Target
Port
SMP
Target
Port
RSVD
Inside
ZPSDS
Persistent
Requested
Inside
ZPSDS
Break_Repl
y
Capable=1b
Reason
4-11
Device Name
12-19
SAS Address
20
PHY Identifier
21
Persistent
Capable
Power Capable
Slumber
Capable
Partial
Capable
Pwr_DIS
Capable
22
23-27
Reserved
28-31
CRC
 Device Type is set to 001b to indicate that this drive is an "End Device"
 Address Frame Type is set to 00b to indicate that this is an IDENTIFY
 Reason indicates the reason for link reset sequence as defined in Table 39
 Initiator Port bits is set to 000b since this device is a target device only
 Target Port bits is set to 100b since this device is a SSP target device only
 Device Name contains Target Device Identifier
 SAS Address contains the port identifier of the SAS port transmitting this frame
 PHY Identifier contains the PHY identifier of the PHY transmitting this frame
 Persistent Capable is set to 0b to indicate the drive does not support persistent connections
 Power Capable is set to 00b to indicate drive does not issue PWR_REQ or PWR_DONE, and does not respond
to PWR_GRANT
 Slumber Capable is set to 0b to indicate drive does not support slumber power PHY mode
 Partial Capable is set to 0b to indicate drive does not support partial power PHY mode
 Inside ZPSDS Persistent: set to 0b since this is an "End Device"
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 Requested Inside ZPSDS: set to 0b since this is an "End Device"
 Break_Reply Capable: set to 1b to indicate that this port is capable of sending BREAK_REPLY primitive
sequence in responding of receiving BREAK primitive sequences
 Pwr_DIS Capable is set to 1b to indicate the drive does support the PWR_DIS signal as defined in SAS-3
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Table 39
Reason Field
Value
Address Frame Type Description
00b
Power on
01b
OPEN: Connection Request
02b
Hard Reset
(received a Hard Reset during hard reset sequence)
04b
Loss of Dword synchronization
07b
Break timeout timer expired
08b
PHY test function stopped
Others
RESERVED
17.5.1.2
Open Address Frame
The Open Address Frame format is used for the identification sequence. The Open Address Frame is sent after the
PHY reset sequence completes. The Open Address Frame format is defined as follows:
Table 40
Open Address Frame Format
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
6
Initiator Port=0
5
4
3
Protocol = 1
2
1
0
Address Frame Type = 1
Features = 0
Connection Rate = 8h, 9h, Ah, or Bh
2-3
Initiator Connection Tag
4-11
Destination SAS Address
12-19
Source SAS Address
20
Source Zone Group
21
Pathway Blocked Count
22-23
Arbitration Wait Time
24-27
More Compatible Features
28-31
CRC
 Initiator Port is set to zero when the drive is the source port acting as a SAS target
 Protocol is set to 001b to indicate SSP Protocol
 Features is set to zero and ignored by the drive per SPL-3
 Connection Rate is set to 8h (1.5Gbps), 9h (3Gbps), Ah (6Gbs), or Bh (12Gbs), depending on requested link
rate. Rate matching is supported by the drive, therefore if the link to the drive is 3.0Gbps, and the Connection
Rate is 1.5Gbps, the drive will insert ALIGNs between Dwords, to match the Connection Rate.
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 Initiator Connection Tag is set by the drive to the last value received from this Initiator.
 Destination SAS Address contains the port identifier of the SAS port to which a connection is being requested.
 Source SAS Address contains the port identifier on the port that originated this frame (i.e. the drive’s port
address).
 Source Zone Group is set to zero and ignored by the drive per SPL-3
 Pathway Blocked Count indicates the number of times the port has retried this connection request due to
receiving OPEN_REJECT (PATHWAY BLOCKED). The drive will not increment the PATHWAY BLOCKED
COUNT value past FFh.
 Arbitration Wait Time indicates how long the port transmitting the OPEN address frame has been waiting for a
connection request to be accepted. For values from 0000h to 7FFFh, the Arbitration Wait Time timer increments
in one microsecond steps. For values from 8000h to FFFFh, the Arbitration Wait Time timer increments in one
millisecond step.
 More Compatible Features is set to zero and ignored by the drive per SPL-3.
17.5.2
Link Layer Error Handling
This section defines the Link layer error handling of the drive.
Table 41
Link Layer Error Handling (part 1 of 2)
Error
Error Handling Procedure
IDENTIFY Timeout
If IDENTIFY is not received before the IDENTIFY timer expires (1ms), firmware is
notified and the drive transmits a COMINIT to initiate a new link reset.
BREAK Received
If BREAK is received while the drive has ACK/NAK balance, BREAK or
BREAK_REPLY is transmitted and a new connection may be opened if the drive
still has frames to transmit. Firmware is not notified. If BREAK is received while
the drive does NOT have ACK/NAK balance, BREAK or BREAK_REPLY is
transmitted and the current command is aborted and will return Check Condition
status with sense data indicating an ACK/NAK timeout.
NAK and ACK/NAK Timeout If a NAK is received on a RESPONSE frame, the RESPONSE frame is
retransmitted with the RETRANSMIT bit set to one. If an ACK or NAK is not
received for a RESPONSE frame within 1ms, the RESPONSE frame will be
retransmitted with the RETRANSMIT bit set to one. The drive will retry sending a
RESPONSE frame once.
Bad Frame CRC
If a frame fails the CRC check, the frame is NAKed by the drive and discarded.
This is a link layer function. The command associated with a NAKed DATA or
XFER_RDY frame is aborted with check condition status and sense data
corresponding to DATA_PHASE_ERROR is returned. COMMAND frames that fail
the CRC check are NAKed and discarded.
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Table 42
Link Layer Error Handling (part 2 of 2)
Error
Error Handling Procedure
OPEN_REJECT
OPEN_REJECT – Retry-able Variations
 OPEN_REJECT(RETRY) - Will be retried indefinitely by the drive. This
case is considered to occur when the initiator is temporarily not available
to accept connections
 OPEN_REJECT(RATE_NOT_SUPPORTED) – If this occurs, it must
mean that a link between the drive and initiator negotiated to a lower link
rate after the command was received. The drive will retry at the connection
at a lower rate, and if a connection eventually fails for this session at
1.5Gbps, the command is internally aborted.
 OPEN_REJECT – (PATHWAY_BLOCKED) – handled the same as
OPEN_REJECT(RETRY)
 OPEN_REJECT(BAD_DESTINATION) – handled the same as
OPEN_REJECT(RETRY)
OPEN_REJECT – Non-Retry-able Variations – If these are received, the command
is internally aborted by the drive
 OPEN_REJECT(BAD_DESTINATION)
 OPEN_REJECT(WRONG_DESTINATION)
 OPEN_REJECT(PROTOCOL_NOT_SUPPORTED)
Credit Timeout
If credit is not received before the credit timer expires, DONE(CREDIT_TIMEOUT)
is sent to the Initiator.
DONE Timeout
If credit is extended and the DONE timer expires, BREAK is sent by hardware to
tear down the connection.
CREDIT_BLOCKED
If CREDIT BLOCKED is received and the drive has frames to send in the current
connection, DONE(CREDIT_TIMEOUT) is returned. Otherwise, DONE(NORMAL)
is returned.
OPEN Frame Checking
OPEN Response Timeout
Reserved fields in the OPEN frame are not checked.
 The Dest Address field is checked, and if it doesn’t match
OPEN_REJECT(WRONG_DESTINATION) is returned.
 The Protocol field is checked and if it isn’t set to SSP
OPEN_REJECT(PROTOCOL_NOT_SUPPORTED) is returned.
 If the Link Rate exceeds the physical link rate on that port,
OPEN_REJECT(LINK_RATE_NOT_SUPPORTED) is returned.
 The Initiator bit is not checked.
If AIP or OPEN_ACCEPT is not received before the OPEN Response timer
expires, the hardware transmits BREAK.
CLOSE Timeout
If CLOSE is not received before the CLOSE timer expires, the hardware transmits
BREAK.
PHY Not Ready
If Link Reset occurs outside of a connection, commands can execute normally
across the link reset. If a link reset occurs inside of a connection, the behavior is
similar to BREAK in that it is treated as an abruptly closed connection. In cases
where the command cannot be continued normally (e.g. a frame is corrupted by
OOB signals, or we do not have ACK/NAK balance), the command is terminated
with CHECK CONDITION status with sense data corresponding to ACK/NAK
TIMEOUT.
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17.6
Transport Layer
The Transport layer defines frame formats. The Transport layer is the interface between the Application layer and
Port layer. It is responsible for constructing and parsing frame contents. For SSP, the Transport layer only receives
frames from the Port layer that are going to be ACKed by the Link layer. This section describes Transport layer
behaviors of the drive. For a complete description of SAS Transport layer, please see the ANSI specification, SPL-3.
The Transport layer defines the frame format as follows.
Table 43
SAS Frame Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Frame Type
1-3
Hashed Destination Address
4
Reserved
5-7
Hashed Source Address
8-9
Reserved
10
11
Reserved
TLR Control = 00b
Retry Data
Frames =0b
Reserved
0
Retransmit
RSVD
# of fill bytes
12-15
Reserved
16-17
Tag
18-19
Target Port Transfer Tag
20-23
Data Offset
24-m
Information Unit
Fill Bytes (if needed)
(n-3)-n
1
CRC
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 FRAME TYPE field, which defines the format of the INFORMATION UNIT field as follows:
Table 44
FRAME TYPE Field
Code
Name of Frame
Information Unit
Originator
IU Size (bytes)
01h
DATA
Data
Initiator or Target
1-1024
05h
XFER_RDY
Data Transfer
Ready
Target
12
06h
COMMAND
Command
Initiator
28-284
07h
RESPONSE
Response
Target
24-1024
16h
TASK
Task Management
Function
Initiator
28
f0-ffh
Vendor Specific
all others
Reserved
 Hashed Destination SAS Address contains the hashed value of the destination SAS address
 Hashed Source SAS Address contains the hashed value of the source SAS address

TLR Control is not supported

Retry Data Frames is not supported

Changing Data Pointer is not supported
 Number of Fill Bytes indicates the number of fill bytes between the INFORMATION UNIT field and the CRC
field. The Retransmit bit is set to one for RESPONSE frames when attempting to retransmit this frame due to
receiving an error during the initial transmission. It shall be set to zero for all other frame types. The Number of Fill
Bytes field shall be set to zero for all frame types except DATA frames
 Tag field contains a value that allows the SSP port to establish a context for commands and task management
functions
 Target Port Transfer Tag is set and used by the drive. The initiator should echo this field in outbound data IU.
 Information Unit contains the information unit, the format of which is defined by the FRAME TYPE field.
 Fill bytes shall be included after the INFORMATION UNIT field so the CRC field is aligned on a four byte
boundary.
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17.6.1
Command Information Unit
The COMMAND frame is sent by an SSP initiator port to request that a command be processed by the drive.
Table 45
COMMAND Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0-7
Logical Unit Number
8
Reserved
9
Disable First Burst=0
Reserved
10
3
2
1
0
Task
Attribute
Reserved
11
Additional CDB Length (in Dwords)
12-27
CDB
28-n
Additional CDB Bytes
Reserved
 Logical Unit Number contains the address of the logical unit. The drive only supports a LUN of 0’s.
 Disable First Burst is not supported by the drive
 Task Attribute is defined as follows:
Table 46
Task Attribute Field
Value
Attribute
000b
Simple_Q
001b
Head_of_Q
010b
Ordered_Q
100b
ACA_Q (not supported)
101b
Reserved
 Additional CDB Length contains the length in Dwords (four bytes) of the ADDITIONAL CDB field.
 CDB and Additional CDB Bytes together contain the CDB.
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17.6.2
Table 47
TASK Information Units
TASK Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-7
Logical Unit Number
8-9
Reserved
10
Task Management Function
11
Reserved
12-13
Tag of Task to be Managed
14-27
Reserved
1
0
 Logical Unit Number field contains the address of the logical unit. The drive only supports a LUN of 0’s.
 Task Management Function field is defined as follows:
Table 48
TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTION Field
Value
Function
01h
ABORT TASK: The drive shall perform the ABORT TASK associated with the value of the TAG OF TASK
TO BE MANAGED field
02h
ABORT TASK SET: The drive shall perform the ABORT TASK SET by aborting all outstanding tasks for
the Initiator that sent the TMF.
04h
CLEAR TASK SET: This TMF causes the drive to abort all tasks in the task set. The action is equivalent
to receiving a series of Abort Task requests from all Initiators.
A unit attention condition shall be generated for all other Initiators with tasks in the task set. The
Additional Sense Code shall be Commands cleared by another Initiator.
08h
LUN RESET: The LUN RESET causes the Target to execute a hard reset. This means:
1. Abort all tasks for all Initiators on either both ports.
2. Release any device reservation on either port.
3. Set a Unit Attention condition for all Initiators.
10h
40h
I_T NEXUS RESET: The I_T NEXUS RESET causes the drive to abort all outstanding tasks for the
Initiator that sent the TMF. In addition, a Unit Attention is set for the initiator that sent the TMF,
indicating I_T NEXUS LOSS. This TMF does not affect task sets for other initiators.
CLEAR ACA (not supported)
80h
QUERY TASK: The drive shall return a response of FUNCTION SUCCEEDED if the specified task
exists, or FUNCTION COMPLETE if the specified task does not exist.
81h
QUERY TASK SET: The drive shall return a response of FUNCTION SUCCEEDED if there is any task
exist, or FUNCTION COMPLETE if there is no task exist.
82h
QUERY ASYNCHRONOUS EVENT (formerly QUERY UNIT ATTENTION): The drive shall return a
response of FUNCTION SUCCEEDED if there is a unit attention or a deferred error pending, or
FUNCTION COMPLETE if there is no unit attention or no deferred error pending.
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others
RESERVED: The Drive will return a RESPONSE frame with the DATAPRES field set to
RESPONSE_DATA and its RESPONSE CODE field set to TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTION NOT
SUPPORTED.
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 If TMF is set to ABORT TASK or QUERY TASK, the Tag of Task to be Managed field specifies the TAG value
from the COMMAND frame that contained the task to be aborted or checked. For all other TMF’s, this field is
ignored.
 If TMF is set to QUERY ASYNCHRONOUS EVENT, the Additional Response Information argument is set to
000000h for the response of FUNCTION COMPLETE. If the response is FUNCTION SUCCEED, the Additional
Response Information argument is set as defined in Table 49.
Table 49
Additional Response Information Argument for Query Async Event
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Reserved
4
3
UADE Depth
2
1
0
Sense Key
1
Additional Sense Code
2
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
 UADE Depth is the number of pending unit attention conditions or deferred errors. It is defined as in Table 50
 Sense Key is the value of the SENSE KEY field in the highest-priority pending unit attention condition or deferred
error.
 Additional Sense Code is the value of the ADDITIONAL SENSE CODE field in the highest-priority pending unit
attention condition or deferred error.
 Additional Sense Code Qualifier is the value of the ADDITIONAL SENSE CODE QUALIFIER field in the
highest-priority pending unit attention condition or deferred error
Table 50
UADE DEPTH Field
Code
Description
00b
The combined number of unit attention conditions and deferred errors is unknown
01b
The combined number of unit attention conditions and deferred errors is one
10b
The combined number of unit attention conditions and deferred errors is greater than one
11b
Reserved
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17.6.3
XFER_RDY Information Units
The XFER_RDY frame is sent by the drive to request write data (i.e. out bound data) from the initiator.
Table 51
XFER_RDY Information Units
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-3
Requested Offset
4-7
Write Data Length
8 - 11
Reserved
1
0
 Requested Offset contains the buffer offset of the segment of write data the Initiator may transmit to the drive
(using DATA frames). The requested offset shall be a multiple of four.
 Write Data Length contains the number of bytes of write data the Initiator may transmit to the drive (using DATA
frames) from the requested offset.
17.6.4
DATA Information Units
The DATA frame is sent by the drive to the Initiator (in bound data) or by the Initiator to the drive (out bound data).
Table 52
Data Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
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0 - (n-1)
Data
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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17.6.5
RESPONSE Information Units
The RESPONSE frame is sent by the drive to the Initiator (in bound data) or by the Initiator to the drive (out bound
data).
Table 53
Response Information Unit
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved
0-7
MSB
Retry Delay Timer
8-9
LSB
Reserved
10
DataPres
11
Status
12 - 15
Reserved
16 - 19
Sense Data Length (n bytes)
20 - 23
Response Data Length (m bytes)
24 - (24+m)
Response Data
(24+m) -(23+m+n)
Sense Data
 Retry Delay Timer contains the retry delay timer code which is defined as follows:
Table 54
RETRY DELAY TIMER Field (part 1 of 2)
Status Code
Retry Delay Timer
Code
Description
BUSY
0000h
Same as normal busy
0001h-FFEFh
QUEUE FULL
GOOD
The number of 100 milliseconds increments which Initiator should
wait before sending another command to drive
FFF0h-FFFDh
Reserved
FFEFh
Initiator should stop sending commands to drive
FFFFh
Drive is not able to accept the command
0000h
Same as normal busy
0001h-FFEFh
Initiator should wait before sending another command to the drive
until:
a) At least the number of 100 milliseconds increments
indicated in the RETRY DELAY TIMER CODE field have
elapsed; or
b) A command addressed to the drive completes.
FFF0h-FFFFh
Reserved
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
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Table 55
RETRY DELAY TIMER field (part 2 of 2)
Status Code
Retry Delay Timer
Code
Description
CHECK CONDITION
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
CONDITION MET
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
RESERVATION
CONFLICT
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
ACA ACTIVE
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
TASK ABORT
0000h-FFFFh
Reserved
 DataPres indicates the format and content of the STATUS field, SENSE DATA LENGTH field, RESPONSE
DATA LENGTH field, RESPONSE DATA field, and SENSE DATA field.
Table 56
DATAPRES Field
Value
DATAPRES Description
00b
NO DATA: no data present
01b
RESPONSE_DATA: response data present
10b
SENSE_DATA: sense data present
11b
Reserved
Table 57
RESPONSE Data
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-2
Reserved
3
Response Code
2
1
0
 Response Codes are defined as follows:
Table 58
RESPONSE Codes
Value
RESPONSE Code Description
00b
Task Management Function complete
02b
Invalid Frame
04b
Task Management Function not supported
05b
Task Management Function failed
08b
Task Management Function succeeded
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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09b
Invalid LUN
others
Reserved
17.6.6
Sequences of SSP Information Units
SSP Information Units are used in conjunction with one another to execute SCSI commands. This section provides a
brief overview of SAS SSP Information Unit sequences that would be required to complete a SCSI command.
Initiator
Target
Initiator
Command IU
Target
Command IU
Xfr_Rdy IU
Data IU (s)
Data IU (s)
Response IU
Time
Read Type Command
IU Sequence
Response IU
Time
Time
Write Type Command
IU Sequence
Time
Figure 7 SSP Information Unit Sequences
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17.6.7
Transport Layer Error Handling
This section defines the Transport layer error handling by the drive.
Table 59
Transport Layer Error Handling
Error
Error Handling Procedure
SSP Header Field Checking
Reserved fields in SSP frames are not checked.
Data Offset Error
If a DATA frame with an invalid Data Offset is received, the command
associated with the DATA frame is aborted with Check Condition status and
sense data corresponding to a DATA OFFSET ERROR is returned
I_T NEXUS Loss Timeout
If a connection cannot be established to an Initiator before the I_T NEXUS
LOSS timer expires (Mode Page 0x19), all commands from the Initiator are
internally aborted. The first new command received from the affected
Initiator results in a CHECK CONDITION with sense data corresponding to
I_T NEXUS LOSS OCCURRED.
Initiator Response Timeout
If DATA frames corresponding to an outstanding XFER_RDY frame are not
received before the Initiator Response timer expires (Mode Page 0x19), the
command is aborted with CHECK CONDITION status and sense data
corresponding to INITIATOR RESPONSE TIMEOUT is returned for the
affected command.
Data Overflow
If more data is received than requested via an XFER_RDY frame, the
affected command is aborted with CHECK CONDITION status with sense
data corresponding to TOO MUCH WRITE DATA is returned.
Invalid Target Port Transfer Tag
If a DATA frame is received and the TPTT is not set to the value used in the
corresponding XFER_RDY frame, the frame is discarded. If a COMMAND
or TASK frame is received with the TPTT set to a value other than 0xFFFF,
a RESPONSE frame with RESPONSE_DATA set to INVALID FRAME is
returned.
Invalid Frame Length
If a DATA frame is received with zero bytes of payload data, the frame is
discarded. This is not considered an error. If a COMMAND/TASK frame that
is too short is received, RESPONSE data corresponding to INVALID
FRAME is returned. The additional CDB length field of a COMMAND frame
is not checked for correctness. If a DATA frame is received with a payload
greater than 1024 bytes, the frame is discarded and the command is
aborted with CHECK CONDITION status and sense data corresponding to
DATA_PHASE_ERROR is returned.
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18
SCSI Command Set
Summaries of the SCSI commands supported by the drive are listed below. O = optional, M = mandatory
Table 60
SCSI Commands Supported (part 1 of 2)
Type
Code
Description
M
04h
FORMAT UNIT (04)
M
12h
INQUIRY (12)
O
4Ch
LOG SELECT (4C)
O
4Dh
LOG SENSE (4D)
O
15h
MODE SELECT (15)
O
55h
MODE SELECT (55)
O
1Ah
MODE SENSE (1A)
O
5Ah
MODE SENSE (5A)
O
5Eh
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E),
O
5Fh
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F)
O
34h
PRE-FETCH (34)
O
90h
PRE-FETCH (90)
M
08h
READ (6) - (08)
M
28h
READ (10) - (28)
O
A8h
READ (12) - (A8)
O
88h
READ (16) - (88)
O
7Fh/09h
READ (32) - (7F/09)
O
3Ch
READ BUFFER (3C)
M
25h
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25)
O
9Eh/10h
O
37h
READ DEFECT DATA (37)
O
B7h
READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
O
3Eh
READ LONG (3E)
O
9Eh
READ LONG (9E)
O
07h
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
O
1Ch
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C)
M
17h
RELEASE (17)
O
57h
RELEASE (57)
O
A3h/05h
O
A0h
O
A3h/0Ch
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
O
A3h/0Dh
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (A3/0D)
O
A3h/0Fh
REPORT TIMESTAMP (A3/0F)
M
03h
REQUEST SENSE (03)
M
16h
RESERVE (16)
READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10)
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05)
REPORT LUNS (A0)
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Table 61
SCSI Commands Supported (part 2 of 2)
Type
Code
Description
O
56h
RESERVE (56)
O
01h
REZERO UNIT (01)
O
48h
SANITIZE (48)
O
A2h
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)
O
B5h
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)
M
1Dh
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
O
A4h/06h
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
O
A4h/0Fh
SET TIMESTAMP (A4/0F)
O
1Bh
START STOP UNIT (1B)
O
35h
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35)
O
91h
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91)
M
00h
TEST UNIT READY (00)
O
2Fh
VERIFY (10) - (2F)
O
AFh
VERIFY (12) - (AF)
O
8Fh
VERIFY (16) - (8F)
O
7Fh/0Ah
M
0Ah
WRITE (6) - (0A)
M
2Ah
WRITE (10) - (2A)
O
AAh
WRITE (12) - (AA)
O
8Ah
WRITE (16) - (8A)
O
7Fh/0Bh
O
2Eh
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E)
O
AEh
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE)
O
8Eh
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E)
O
7Fh/0Ch
O
3Bh
WRITE BUFFER (3B)
O
3Fh
WRITE LONG (10) (3F)
O
9Fh
WRITE LONG (16) (9F)
O
41h
WRITE SAME (10) - (41)
O
93h
WRITE SAME (16) - (93)
O
7Fh/0Dh
VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A)
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B)
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C)
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D)
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18.1
SCSI Control Byte
The Control Byte is the last byte of every CDB. The format of this byte is shown below.
VU = VU stands for Vendor Unique.
Table 62
SCSI Control Byte
Bit
7
6
5
VU = 0
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved = 0
Note: * - The drive ignores the link bit and flag bit in the CDB.
18.2
Abbreviations
These abbreviations are used throughout the following sections:
LUN
Logical Unit Number. An encoded three bit identifier for the logical unit.
VU
Vendor Unique bits
LBA
Logical Block Address
RSVD
Reserved
MSB
Most Significant Byte
LSB
Least Significant Byte
18.3
Byte Ordering Conventions
In this specification, where it is not explicitly stated, all multi-byte values are stored with the most significant byte first.
For example, in a 4 byte field, byte 0 will contain the MSB and byte 3 the LSB.
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18.4
FORMAT UNIT (04)
Table 63
FORMAT UNIT
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
1
FMTPINFO
LONG
LIST=0
-
-
FMTDATA
CMPLIST
2
VU = 0
3
Obsolete = 0
5
2
1
0
Command Code = 04h
4
-
3
Defect List Format
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FFMT
FLAG
LINK
FMTPINFO (Format Protection Information) in combination with the Protection Field Usage field in the
Parameter List Header specifies whether or not the drive enables or disables the use of protection information
(see table defined in the Parameter List Header section).
FMTDATA set to one specifies that a Data Out phase follows the Command phase. The Data Out phase
consists of a Parameter List header, optionally followed by an Initialization Pattern Descriptor, optionally
followed by a Defect List. If FmtData=0, the following defaults are assumed: DPRY=0, DCRT=1, STPF=1, IP=0,
DSP=0, Immed=0.
CMPLIST
Set to one specifies that the Grown Defect List (GList) existing prior to the issuance of the Format Unit
command be discarded. If provided, the DList then becomes the GList. Following these operations, the Drive
will be formatted with the PList and GList.
Set to zero specifies that the GList existing prior to the issuance of the Format Unit command is retained. If
provided, the DList is combined with the GList to become the new GList. Following these operations, the Drive
will be formatted with the PList and GList.
Note: The drive manages two internal defect lists and one external. The Plist is created at time of manufacture. The
Glist is built after manufacture by the Initiators’ use of the REASSIGN BLOCK command and the Automatic
Reallocate functions. The Dlist is an external list. It is supplied by the Initiator in the Data Out phase of the FORMAT
UNIT command.
-
Defect List Format specifies the format of the defect descriptor transferred to the Target when FmtData bit is
set to one. The Target supports the following three defect descriptor formats for the FORMAT UNIT command:
Format
000b
100b
Description
Block format
Bytes From Index format
101b
Physical Sector format
If the FmtData bit is set to zero, this field must also be zero. Otherwise the command will complete with a CHECK
CONDITION with a sense key of Illegal Request and an additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
-
FFMT specifies the scope of the format command.
FFMT
00b
01b
Description
Perform defect management and initialize media to the new format.
Perform defect management but do not initialize the media. May result in any medium error on
read before write.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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10b
11b
Change block size only. May only be used on transitions of physically compatible size such as
between 512 + end-to-end protection and 520. May result in end-to-end protection errors on
read before write.
Reserved
Notes: It is recommended that the MODE SELECT command be issued prior to the FORMAT UNIT command to
specify parameters that affect the formatting process.
The Block Length parameter of the Mode Select Parameter List’s Block Descriptor is used during formatting and is
saved following a successful format operation. If a MODE SELECT command has not been issued since the last
reset or start-up (bring-up) sequence, then the Block Length from the previous format operation is used.
Subsequent to receiving a FORMAT UNIT command, the Target responds to commands as follows:
-
All commands except REQUEST SENSE and INQUIRY return Check Condition status, while the format
operation is an active I/O process.
-
When tagged queuing is enabled (DQue = 0), all commands except REQUEST SENSE and INQUIRY return
Queue Full status, while the FORMAT UNIT command is a queued I/O process.
-
When tagged queuing is disabled (DQue = 1), all commands except REQUEST SENSE and INQUIRY return
Busy status, while the FORMAT UNIT command is a queued I/O process
-
If a REQUEST SENSE command is received while a format operation is an active I/O process, the Target
returns Good status. The sense key is set to Not ready and the additional sense code and qualifier is set to
Format In Progress.
-
If an INQUIRY command is received while a format operation is an active I/O process, the Target returns Good
status and Inquiry data as requested.
The format operation must complete successfully for the Drive to be usable. If the command is interrupted by a reset,
power down, or an unrecoverable error, the Drive enters a degraded mode of operation in which reading and writing
are prohibited. To exit the degraded mode, another FORMAT UNIT command must be sent by the Initiator and
completed successfully by the Target.
The FORMAT UNIT command sets the Unit Attention Condition for all Initiators except the one that issued the
FORMAT UNIT command.
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18.4.1
Parameter List Header
Following is the format of the Parameter List Header sent during the data out phase when FmtData is set to one.
Table 64
Format of the Short Parameter List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
Reserved = 0
FOV
1
DPRY
DCRT
1
0
Protection Field Usage
STPF =1
IP
Obsolete
Immed
Vendor-specific
(MSB)
2 -3
DEFECT LIST LENGTH
(LSB)
4-n
Initialization Pattern Descriptor
(n+1) - m
Defect Descriptor
Table 65
Format of the Long Parameter List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
2
Reserved = 0
1
FOV
DPRY
DCRT
1
IP
Obsolete
Immed
Vendor-specific
Reserved
3
P_I_INFORMATION = 0
PROTECTION INTERVAL EXPONENT = 0
(MSB)
DEFECT LIST LENGTH
...
(LSB)
7
8-n
Initialization Pattern Descriptor
(n+1) - m
Defect Descriptor
-
0
Protection Field Usage
STPF =1
2
4
3
Protection Field Usage: in combination with the format protection information (FMTPINFO) field in the CDB
specifies whether or not the drive enables or disables the use of protection information:
Table 66
Format of the Long Parameter List Header
FMTPINFO
Protection
Field Usage
00h
000h
The drive will be formatted to type 0 protection
01h
xxxh
Check Condition status will be returned with the sense key set to Illegal Request
and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field in the CDB.
10h
000h
The drive will be formatted to type 1 protection
11h
000h
The drive will be formatted to type 2 protection
Description
Type 3 protection is not supported - Check Condition status will be returned with
the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid
Field in the Parameter List
All other combinations of FMTPINFO and Protection Field Usage will result in Check Condition status to be returned
with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field in the Parameter List.
11h
001h
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Type 0 protection specifies that the drive shall disable the use of protection information and format to the block size
specified. Following a successful format, the PROT_EN bit in the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data will indicate
that protection information is disabled.
Type 1 and type 2 protection specifies that the drive shall enable the use of protection information and format to the
block size specified + 8 (e.g., if the block length is 512, then the formatted block length is 520). See format of data
below. When protection information is written during a FORMAT UNIT command, protection information shall be
written with a default value of all 0xFF's. Following a successful format, the PROT_EN bit in the READ CAPACITY
(16) parameter data will indicate that protection information is enabled and the P_TYPE field in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data will indicate the protection type.
Table 67
Data Format with Protection field
Byte
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
0... n
User Data
n... n+1
Logical Block Guard
n+2... n+3
Logical Block Application Tag
n+4... n+7
Logical Block Reference Tag
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
0
The Logical Block Guard field contains a CRC that covers the preceding user data. This field is
generated/checked per the SBC standard.
The Logical Block Application Tag field may be modified by the initiator if the ATO bit is set to zero in mode
page 0x0A. If the ATO bit is set to one, then the initiator shall not modify the Logical Block Application Tag field.
This field is generated/checked per the SBC standard.
The Logical Block Reference Tag field is generated/checked depending on protection types. With Type 1
protection, the Logical Block Reference Tag in the first logical block of the data transfer shall contain the least
significant four bytes of the LBA contained in the Logical Block Address field of the command. Subsequent
blocks shall contain the previous logical block reference tag plus one. With Type 2 protection, the Logical Block
Reference Tag in the first logical block of the data transfer shall contain the value in the Expected Initial Logical
Block Reference Tag field of the command. Subsequent blocks shall contain the previous logical block
reference tag plus one.
FOV (Format Options Valid) bit set to zero indicates that the Target should use its default settings for the DPRY
(0), DCRT (1), STPF (1), IP (0), and DSP (1) bits. These bits must all be set to zero in the Parameter List
Header when FOV=0, or the command will be terminated with Check Condition status, sense key of Illegal
Request, and additional sense code of Invalid Field in Parameter List. FOV=1 indicates that the values set in
DPRY, DCRT, STPF, IP, and DSP will be defined as specified below.
DPRY (Disable Primary) bit set to zero indicates that the Target does not use portions of the medium identified
as defective in the primary defect Plist for Initiator addressable logical blocks. If the Target cannot locate the
Plist or it cannot determine whether a Plist exists, the Target terminates the FORMAT UNIT command as
described for STPF=1. A DPRY bit set to one indicates that the Target does not use the Plist to identify
defective areas of the medium. The Plist is not deleted. DPRY must be set to 0 when DCRT is set to 0.
DCRT (Disable Certification) bit set to zero indicates that the Target performs a medium certification operation
and generates a Certification List (Clist), and adds the Clist to the Glist. DPRY must be set to 0 when DCRT is
set to 0. A DCRT bit of one indicates that the Target does not generate a Clist or perform a certification process.
Note: Since the DCRT bit is part of the Data Out phase that follows the FORMAT command, the FCERT bit in Mode
Page 0 is provided to control certification when the FORMAT command is issued with no Data Out phase. If a
FORMAT command is issued with a Data Out phase then FCERT is ignored.
-
-
STPF (Stop Format) bit must be set to one. If one or both of the following conditions occurs, the Target
terminates the FORMAT UNIT command with Check Condition status. The sense key is set to Medium Error
and the additional sense code is set to Defect List Not Found if the first condition occurred or to Defect List Error
if the second condition occurred.
The Target cannot locate a required Dlist nor determine that the list exists.
The Target encounters an unrecoverable error while accessing a required Dlist.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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-
IP (Initialization Pattern) bit set to zero specifies that an initialization pattern descriptor is not included and all
customer data will be initialized to zeroes. An IP bit of one specifies that an Initialization Pattern Descriptor is
included in the FORMAT UNIT parameter list following the parameter list header.
18.4.2
Initialization Pattern
Table 68 Initialization Pattern Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
IP Modifier = 0
5
4
SI
3
2
1
0
Reserved = 0
1
Initialization Pattern Type = 0 or 1
2-3
Initialization Pattern Length (n-3)
4
...
Initialization Pattern
...
Initialization Pattern
n
-
IP Modifier must be set to 0, indicating that the drive will not modify the initialization pattern.
-
SI (Security Initialize) bit set to 1 specifies that all customer data sectors, including those that have been
previously reassigned, will be initialized. SI set to 0 specifies that only the current customer accessible sectors
will be formatted.
Initialization Pattern Type
-
- Type of 0 will use a default initialization pattern.
- Type of 1 specifies that the Initialization Pattern specified shall be repeated as required to fill each logical
block.
- Initialization Pattern Length specifies the number of bytes that follow in the Initialization Pattern field, and
must be less than or equal to the current block size, and non-zero.
- If Initialization Pattern Type is 0 and the Initialization Pattern Length is not set to 0, Check Condition status will
be returned, with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field in
Parameter List
-
-
-
-
- If Initialization Pattern Type is 1 and the Initialization Pattern Length is set to 0, Check Condition status will be
returned, with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field in
Parameter List.
DSP (Disable Saving Parameters) bit when 0 indicates the target is to save all the current MODE SELECT
savable parameters during the format operation. When the bit is 1, the target is not to save the current MODE
SELECT savable parameters.
Immed (Immediate) bit set to 0 requests that status be returned at the end of the format operation. An
immediate bit set to 1 requests that status be returned immediately following CDB validation and transfer of data
in the Data Out phase. If the format operation, with the immediate bit set to 1, terminates in error, DEFERRED
ERROR SENSE data is generated.
P_I_INFORMATION field shall be set to 0. For a type 1 protection information request, if the PROTECTION
INTERVAL EXPONENT field is not set to 0, then the device server shall terminate the command with CHECK
CONDITION status with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to
INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
For a type 2 protection or a type 3 protection format request, the protection interval exponent determines the
length of user data to be sent before protection information is transferred (i.e., the protection information
interval). The protection information interval is calculated as follows: protection information interval = logical
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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block length ÷ 2(protection interval exponent) where: logical block length is the length in bytes of a logical
block as specified in the mode parameter block descriptor protection interval exponent is the contents of the
PROTECTION INTERVAL EXPONENT field.
- A protection interval exponent value of 3 is supported for 4096 byte logical blocks (512 bytes per protection
information interval). A protection interval exponent value of 0 is supported for all supported logical block
sizes. If these conditions are not met, then the device server shall terminate the command with CHECK
CONDITION status with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to
INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
- Defect List Length field specifies the total length in bytes of the defect descriptors that follow (not including the
Initialization Pattern Descriptor, if any). Up to 1024 defect descriptors are allowed. The Defect List Length must
be equal to four times the number of defect descriptors for BLOCK format, or eight times the number of defect
descriptors for BYTES FROM INDEX and PHYSICAL SECTOR formats. Otherwise the command is terminated
with Check Condition status with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to
Invalid Field in Parameter List.
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18.4.3
Defect Descriptor
Three defect descriptor formats are supported. Entries are not required to be in ascending order. If an entry does not
correspond to a valid user addressable media location, the command terminates with Check Condition status with
the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field in Parameter List.
18.4.3.1
Block Format - 000b
Format of the Dlist sent during the data out phase when Dlist Format is Block format (000b) and FmtData is set to
one.
Table 69
Defect Descriptor - Block Format (for n + 1 defects)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
Defective Logical Block Address
(LSB)
4n
4n+1
4n+2
4n+3
(MSB)
Defective Logical Block Address n
(LSB)
The Block format of the Dlist is the LBA of each defective sector.
Note: If a Defective LBA entry, when converted to a physical sector, is equal to the physical sector of a Plist entry
and DPRY = 1, then the entry is not added to the Glist.
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18.4.3.2
Bytes from Index Format - 100b
Format of the Dlist sent during the data out phase when Dlist Format is Bytes from Index format (100b) and FmtData
is set to one.
Table 70
Defect Descriptor - Bytes from Index Format (for n = 1 defects)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-2
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
4-7
Defect Bytes from Index
(LSB)
8n
8n + 1
8n + 2
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect n
(LSB)
8n + 3
8n + 4
8n + 5
8n + 6
8n + 7
Head Number of Defect n
(MSB)
Defect (n) Bytes from Index
(LSB)
Each defect descriptor for the Bytes from Index format specifies that the sector containing this byte be marked
defective. The defect descriptor is comprised of the cylinder number of the defect, the head number of the defect,
and the number of the defect byte relative to index.
Note: If a Byte from Index entry, when converted to a physical sector, is equal to the physical sector of a Plist entry
and DPRY = 1, then the entry is not added to the Glist.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.4.3.3
Physical Sector Format - 101b
Format of the Dlist sent during the data out phase when Dlist Format is Physical Sector format (101b) and FmtData
is set to one.
Table 71
Defect Descriptor - Physical Sector Format (for n + 1 defects)
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
2
8n
8n + 1
8n + 2
4
3
2
1
0
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
Defect Sector Number
(LSB)
(MSB)
Cylinder Number of Defect n
(LSB)
8n + 3
8n + 4
8n + 5
8n + 6
8n + 7
5
(MSB)
3
4
5
6
7
6
Head Number of Defect n
(MSB)
Defect (n) Sector Number
(LSB)
Each defect descriptor for the Physical Sector format specifies a defective sector. The defect descriptor is comprised
of the cylinder number of the defect, the head number of the defect, and the defect’s sector number.
Note: If a Physical Sector entry, when converted to a physical sector, is equal to the physical sector of a Plist entry
and DPRY = 1, then the entry is not added to the Glist.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
101
18.5
INQUIRY (12)
Table 72 INQUIRY (12)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
CmdDt =0
EVPD
FLAG
LINK
Operation Code = 12h
1
Reserved = 0
2
Page Code
3-4
Allocation Length
5
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The INQUIRY command requests the parameters of the Target to be sent to the Initiator.
An EVPD bit of 1 specifies that the target return the vital product data page identified by the Page Code field in the
CDB the available VPD pages are defined in the addendum provided for each different drive model in the section
entitled Inquiry Data Format.
The Page Code specifies which page of vital product data information the drive shall return.
Table 73
Page Code descriptions
EVPD
PAGE
CODE
0
0
0
Non Zero
1
Non Zero The drive returns the vital product data of page code requested.
Description
The Target returns the standard INQUIRY data.
The drive returns Check Condition status with the sense key of Illegal Request and the
additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that the Initiator has allocated for INQUIRY data to be returned. An
allocation length of zero implies that no data is to be returned. The Target will terminate the DATA IN phase when all
available INQUIRY data has been transferred or when allocation length bytes have been transferred, whichever is
less.
Note: If an INQUIRY command is received from an Initiator with a pending unit attention condition (before the target
reports Check Condition status), the Target processes the INQUIRY command. The unit attention condition is
not cleared by this action.
Note: The INQUIRY command is a Priority command and is not queued.
Note: The inquiry data is set at the time of manufacture and will not change, with the following exceptions:
-
Product Revision Level (EVPD=0) can be changed when microcode is downloaded with the Write Buffer
command.
The information returned for EVPD=1, Page Code = 3 is not fixed.
Note: The inquiry data returned when media is not available will not be complete.
Byte 0 of the returned data on an INQUIRY command is the same no matter which page(s) is (are) returned. This
description is to be used for all the following page definitions.
The Peripheral Qualifier field of zero (0) indicates that the peripheral device is currently connected to this logical unit.
A Peripheral Device Type field of zero (0) indicates that this device is a Direct Access Storage Device (DASD).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
102
18.5.1
Inquiry Data
Fields with a value shown inside quotes (e.g. Value =’xyz’) are character fields. A value not in quotes is a numeric
value. Character fields are alphanumeric and represented in either ASCII.
18.5.1.1
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 0, Page Code = 0
Table 74 Inquiry Data- EVPD = 0
Bit
Byte
7
0
1
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
RMB = 0
Reserved=0
2
3
3
Version = 6
Obsolete
Obsolete
Norm ACA=0 HiSup = 1
4
Response Data Format = 2
Additional Length = 159 (9Fh)
5
SCCS=0
6
Obsolete EncSer = 0
7
Obsolete
ACC=0
Obsolete
TPGS=00b
3PC=0
Port
MultiP=1
RSVD = 0
RSVD = 0
Reserved = 0
Obsolete
Obsolete
Obsolete
8-15
Vendor ID = "HGST " (ASCII)
16-31
Product ID (ASCII)
32-35
Product Revision Level (ASCII)
36-43
Unit Serial Number (ASCII)
44-95
Reserved = 0
96-145
Copyright Notice (ASCII)
146-163
Reserved=0
Protect=1
RSVD = 0
CmdQue= 1 RSVD = 0
-
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified is currently supported. Qualifier is set to 011b when the
LUN specified is not present 1
-
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is a Direct-Access Peripheral Device.
Removal Media Bit (RMB) is always set to 0 to indicate no removal media exists.
Version indicates the level of the ANSI standard that the product supports. The drive supports ANSI SPC-4.
NormACA (Normal ACA) field of 0 indicates the device server does not support setting the NACA bit to 1 in the
Control Byte of the CDB as defined in the SAM.
HiSup bit of 1 indicates that the drive uses the hierarchical addressing model to assign LUNs to logical units.
Response Data Format is set to 2 to indicate that the INQUIRY Data Format as specified in the ANSI SCSI
version 2 is supported by the Target.
Additional Length indicates the number of bytes of INQUIRY information that follows.
1
If an INVALID LUN is specified, a Check Condition status will be returned for all commands except INQUIRY and REQUEST SENSE.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
103
-
SCCS bit of 0 indicates that the device does not contain an embedded storage array controller component.
ACC bit of 0 indicates that no access controls coordinator may be addressed through this logical unit.
TGPS field of 0 indicates that the device does not support asymmetric logical unit access.
3PC bit of 0 indicates that the device does not support third-party copy commands.
Protect bit of 1 indicates that the drive supports protection information
EncSer (Enclosure Services) bit of 0 indicates that the Target does not contain an embedded enclosure
services component.
Port bit of 0 indicates that the drive received the Inquiry command on port A, while a Port bit of 1 indicates that
the drive received the Inquiry command on port B.
MultiP (MultiPort) bit of 1 indicates that the Target has multiple ports and implements multi-port requirements.
CmdQue is set to 1 to indicate that the drive supports command queuing.
Vendor ID is HGST padded with ASCII blanks.
Product ID is specified
Product Revision Level indicates the level of microcode.
-
Unit Serial Number contains the drive serial number.
-
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
104
18.5.1.2
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1 - Page Code = 00h
Table 75 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 00h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
-
6
Qualifier = 0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 00h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 0Eh
4
Supported Page Code - 00h
5
Supported Page Code - 03h
6
Supported Page Code - 80h
7
Supported Page Code - 83h
8
Supported Page Code = 86h
9
Supported Page Code = 87h
10
Supported Page Code = 88h
11
Supported Page Code – 8Ah
12
Supported Page Code – 90h
13
Supported Page Code – 91h
14
Supported Page Code – B0h
15
Supported Page Code – B1h
16
Supported Page Code – B2h
17
Supported Page Code – D1h
18
Supported Page Code – D2h
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to 0, and this field contains the same value as in the page code field of the INQUIRY
command descriptor block.
Page length specifies the length of the following page data.
Supported Page Code field contains the Page Codes supported by the Target. The list is in ascending order.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
105
18.5.1.3
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 03h
Table 76 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 03h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
Qualifier = 0
5
4
3
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 03h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 188 (BCh)
4
ASCII Fields Length = 00h
5-7
Reserved = 0
8-23
Reserved = 0
24-35
ASCII uCode Identifier
36-39
ASCII Servo P/N
40-41
Major Version
42-43
Minor Version
44-47
User Count
48-51
Build Number
52-83
Build Date String
84-91
Product ID
92-99
Interface ID
100-107
Code Type
108-119
User Name
120-135
Machine Name
136-167
Directory Name
168-171
Operating State
172-175
Functional Mode
176-179
Degraded Reason
180-183
Broken Reason
184-187
Code Mode
188-191
Flash Code Revision Level
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
106
0
-
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length field specifies the length (in bytes) of the vendor unique VPD information (bytes 4 - 163). If the
allocation length of the CDB is too small to transfer all the data, the Page Length field is not adjusted to reflect
the truncation.
ASCII uCode Identifier contains the drive’s microcode identifier. The field is alphanumeric (ASCII), left aligned,
and the unused bytes are ASCII spaces (20h).
ASCII Servo P/N contains the part number of the Servo microcode installed on the drive. This field is hex
numeric ASCII (i.e., the characters will be in the set 0...9, A...F).
Major Version and Minor Version are version numbers of the code loaded on the drive.
User Count is the number of times the code has been built since the master build.
Build Number is the master build version number.
Build Date String is the date the code on the drive was built, in an extended string format.
Product ID is the name of the product this code is for.
-
Interface ID is the interface type and serial interface speed (e.g. SAS 6Gbps or FCAL 4Gbps) of the code.
-
Code Type is the intended use of the code. (e.g. local, released, test)
User Name is the username of the person who built this version of the code.
-
Machine Name is the workstation on which this version of the code was built.
Directory Name is the last 32 characters of the directory from where this code was built.
Operating State is the drive operating state. The least significant bit contains the following:
-
-
-
-
-
0 = OM_BROKEN
1 = OM_DEGRADED
2 = OM_INACCESSIBL
3 = OM_STARTING
4 = OM_SPINNING
5 = OM_NORMAL
6 = OM_POWERSAVE
7 = OM_STOPPED
8 = OM_NOTIFY
9 = OM_SUSPEND
10 = OM_WAKEUP
We have detected a hardware failure.
We have a soft failure; i.e., incomplete format. Motor is still spinning.
Drive is good but motor is stopped.
Motor is starting.
Motor is started but reserved area is not loaded yet.
Drive is spinning and ready to read/write.
Drive is ready but has entered power save mode.
Drive has come ready but now has been stopped.
Drive is good but NOTIFY has not arrived (SAS)
Similar to OM_STOPPED, but spin-up is automatic like OM_SLEEP
Similar to OM_STARTING, but LUN BECOMING READY during spinup is not
reported
11 = OM_NOTIFY_WAKEUP
Similar to OM_NOTIFY, but next transition is to OM_WAKEUP
Functional Mode is the drive functional mode. The least significant byte (0x0000000n) contains the following:
Degraded Reason (UECType) is why the file is in a degraded mode; i.e., how to exit this mode.
0 = OM_NORMAL_MODE
Not in special or recovery mode.
1 = OM_SPECIAL_CMD
Special command mode on.
Broken Reason (UECType) is why the drive believes the hardware is broken.
Code Mode is the type of code the drive is running. The least significant bit contains the following:
0 = OM_FLASH
Drive is running flash code
1 = OM_FLASH_OVERLAY
Drive is running flash overlay code
2 = OM_DISK
Drive is running code that has been loaded from disk
3 = OM_TRANSIENT
Drive is running code that has been downloaded but not saved
Flash Code Revision Level is the revision level of the code in flash.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
107
18.5.1.4
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 80h
Table 77 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 80h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
Qualifier = 0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 80h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 16 (10h)
4-19
Serial Number (ASCII)
-
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
-
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
-
Page Length is set to 16, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Serial Number gives the drive serial number, right aligned.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
108
18.5.1.5
Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 83h)
Table 78 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 83h) (part 1 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
3
Page Code = 83h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 72 (48h)
5
Protocol Identifier = 0h
PIV=0
RSVD
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
2
Code Set = 1
Association=0
6
Reserved = 0
7
Identifier Length = 8
Identifier Type = 3
(MSB)
8-15
LUN (World Wide ID)
(LSB)
16
17
Protocol Identifier = 6h
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
18
Reserved = 0
19
Identifier Length = 8
Identifier Type = 3
(MSB)
20-27
Target Port Identifier (World Wide ID)
(LSB)
28
29
Protocol Identifier = 6h
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
30
Reserved = 0
31
Identifier Length = 4
Identifier Type = 4
(MSB)
32-35
Relative Port Identifier
(LSB)
36
37
Protocol Identifier = 6h
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 2
38
Reserved = 0
39
Identifier Length = 8
Identifier Type = 3
(MSB)
40-47
Target Device Name Identifier (World Wide ID)
(LSB)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
109
Table 79 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 83h) (part 2 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
48
6
5
4
3
2
Protocol Identifier = 0h
49
PIV=0
RSVD
1
0
Code Set = 3
Association=2
Identifier Type = 8
50
Reserved = 0
51
Identifier Length =24 (18h)
52-55
"naa" (ASCII)
(MSB)
56-71
Target Device Name Identifier (World Wide ID) in ASCII
(LSB)
72-75
-
Reserved = 0
Protocol Identifier is valid only when PIV=1. Protocol Identifier = 0 indicates Fibre Channel devices. Protocol
Identifier = 6 specifies SAS devices
Code Set specifies the data type for the identifier field. Code Set = 1 indicates binary data, Code Set = 3
indicates ASCII.
PIV (Protocol Identifier Valid) set to 0 indicates that the Protocol Identifier field should be ignored. PIV set to 1
indicates that the Protocol Identifier field contains a valid value.
Association specifies the entity with which the Identifier field is associated: 0h for LUN, 1h for Target or
Relative Port, or 2h for Target Device.
Identifier Type specifies the format and assignment authority for the identifier: 3h indicates NAA format of the
WWID for LUN, Target Port and Target Device; 4h indicates Relative Port; 8h indicates SCSI name string.
Identifier fields contain the actual Identifier Descriptor:
- The LUN, Target Port and Target Device Name Identifiers are defined in the NAA IEE WWID format where:
- Worldwide ID is a 64-bit unique identification for each drive. The format is:5000CCAh xxxh yyb n where:
- xxx is the 12-bit block assignment defined for each model and manufacturing site
- n is the 22-bit drive unique serial number
- yy is the 2-bit port/node ID select
- The Relative Port Identifier indicates the port which received the Inquiry command:0000 0001h for the
Primary Port, or 0000 0002h for the Secondary Port.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
110
18.5.1.6
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 86h
Table 80 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 86h)
Byte
Bit
7
0
6
5
4
Peripheral Qualifier
(MSB)
5
Reserved
SPT
(LSB)
GRD_CHK
APP_CHK
REF_CHK
UASK_SUP Group_Sup Prior_Sup HEADSUP
ORDSUP
SIMPSUP
NV_SUP
V_SUP
Reserved
WU_SUP
CRD_SUP
7
Reserved
P_I_I_SUP
Reserved
LUICLR
8
Reserved
R_SUP
Reserved
CBCS
Reserved
10-11
12
Multi I_T Nexus Microcode Download
(MSB) Extended Self-Test Completion Minutes(LSB)
POA_SUP HRA_SUP
Reserved
VSA_SUP
13
Maximum Supported Sense Data Length
14-63
Reserved
-
0
Page Length (003Ch)
Activate Microcode
9
-
1
Page Code = 86h
4
6
2
Peripheral Device Type
1
2-3
3
Activate Microcode field is set to 01b to indicate that the device server
1) activates the microcode before completion of the final command in the WRITE BUFFER sequence; and
2) establishes a unit attention condition for the initiator port associated with every I_T nexus, except the I_T
nexus on which the WRITE BUFFER command was received, with the additional sense code set to
MICROCODE HAS BEEN CHANGED.
SPT (Supported Protection Type) field is set to 001b to indicate that the drive supports type 1 and type 2
protection.
GRD_CHK (Guard Check) is set to 1 to indicate that the drive checks the Logical Block Guard Tag field in the
protection information, if any.
APP_CHK (Application Tag Check) bit is set to 1 to indicate that the drive checks the Logical Block
Application Tag field in the protection information, if any.
REF_CHK (Reference Tag Check) bit is set to 1 to indicate that the drive checks the Logical Block Reference
Tag field in the protection information, if any.
UASK_SUP (Unit Attention Condition Sense Key Specific Data Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that the
device server does not return sense-key specific data for the UNIT ATTENTION sense key.
GROUP_SUP (Group Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that the grouping function is not supported.
PRIOR_SUP (Priority Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that task priority is not supported.
HEADSUP (Head of Queue Supported), ORDSUP (Ordered Supported), and SIMPSUP (Simple Supported)
are set to 1 to indicate support for Head of Queue, Ordered and Simple task attributes.
WU_SUP is set to 1 to indicate that setting the WR_UNCOR bit to 1 in the Write Long command is supported.
CRD_SUP is set to 1 to indicate that setting the COR_DIS bit to 1 in the Write Long command is supported.
NV_SUP (Non-volatile Supported) is set to 0 to indicate that non-volatile cache features are not supported.
V_SUP (Volatile Supported) is set to 1 to indicated support of a volatile cache.
P_I_I_SUP (Protection Information Interval Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that the logical unit does not
support protection information intervals.
R_SUP (Referrals Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that the device server does not support referrals.
POA_SUP (Power On Activation Supported) bit is set to 1 to indicate that the device server supports a
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
111
-
WRITE BUFFER command with the MODE field set to 0Dh and the PO_ACT bit set to 1.
HRA_SUP (Hard Reset Activation Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that the device server does not
support a WRITE BUFFER command with the MODE field set to 0Dh and the HR_ACT bit set to 1.
VRA_SUP (Vendor Specific Activation Supported) bit is set to 0 to indicate that the device server does not
support a WRITE BUFFER command with the MODE field set to 0Dh and the VSE_ACT bit set to 1.
Maximum Supported Sense Data Length field indicates the maximum length in bytes of sense data that the
device server is capable of returning in the same I_T_L_Q nexus transaction as the status.
18.5.1.7
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 87h
Table 81 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 87h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
3
Qualifier = 0
2-3
Page Length = 0004h
Reserved=0
6
7
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
Page Code = 87h
5
-
4
1
4
-
5
Policy Page Code = 3Fh
Policy Subpage Code = FFh
MILUS=1
Reserved = 0
Mode PagePolicy = 0
Reserved = 0
Policy Page Code set to 3Fh and Policy Subpage Code set to FFh indicate that the descriptor applies to all
mode pages and subpages
MILUS (Multiple Logical Units Share) set to 1 indicates the policy is shared by multiple logical units.
Mode Page Policy set to 00b indicates that all mode pages and subpages are shared.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
112
18.5.1.8
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 88h
Table 82 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 88h)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 88h
2-3
Page Length = 48 (0030h)
4-5
Reserved=0
6-7
Primary Relative Port = 0001h
8-9
Reserved = 0
10-11
Initiator Port Transport ID Length = 0
12-13
Reserved = 0
14-15
Primary Target Port Descriptors Length = 0Ch
16
17
Protocol Identifier
PIV=1
RSVD
0
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
Identifier Type = 3
18
Reserved = 0
19
Identifier Length = 8
(MSB)
20-27
Primary Target Port Identifier (World Wide ID)
(LSB)
28-29
Reserved = 0
30-31
Secondary Relative Port = 0002h
32-33
Reserved = 0
34-35
Initiator Port Transport ID Length = 0
36-37
Reserved = 0
38-39
Secondary Target Port Descriptors Length = 0Ch
40
41
Protocol Identifier
PIV=1
RSVD
Code Set = 1
Association = 1
42
Reserved = 0
43
Identifier Length = 8
Identifier Type = 3
(MSB)
44-51
Secondary Target Port Identifier (World Wide ID)
(LSB)
-
Protocol Identifier is valid only when PIV=1.Protocol Identifier = 0 indicates Fibre Channel devices. Protocol
Identifier = 6 indicates SAS devices
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
113
-
Code Set specifies the data type for the identifier field. Code Set = 1 indicates binary data
PIV (Protocol Identifier Valid) set to 1 indicates that the Protocol Identifier field contains a valid value.
Association specifies the entity with which the Identifier field is associated: 1h for Target or Relative Port.
Identifier Type specifies the format and assignment authority for the identifier: 3h indicates NAA format of the
WWID for Target Port.
Identifier fields contain the actual Identifier Descriptor.
- The Target Port Identifiers are defined in the NAA IEE WWID format where:
World Wide ID is a 64-bit unique identification for each drive. The format is: 5000CCAh
xxxh n yyb where xxx is the 12-bit block assignment defined for each model and manufacturing site, n is the
22-bit drive unique serial number, and yy is the 2-bit port/node ID
18.5.1.9
Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 8Ah
Table 83 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, (Page Code - 8Ah)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
3
2
Page Code = 8Ah
2-3
Page Length = 14 (000Eh)
5
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
1
Reserved=0
Reserved=0
STANDBY_Y
STANDBY_Z
IDLE_B
IDLE_A
IDLE_C
6-7
Stopped Condition Recovery Time
8-9
Standby_Z Condition Recovery Time
10-11
Standby_Y Condition Recovery Time
12-13
Idle_A Condition Recovery Time
14-15
Idle_B Condition Recovery Time
16-17
Idle_C Condition Recovery Time
-
Qualifier field is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
-
Page Length is set to 14, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
If set to 1, a power condition support bit (STANDBY_Y, STANDBY_Z, IDLE_C, IDLE_B, IDLE_A) indicates
that the associated power condition may be entered with START STOP UNIT command and the associated
power condition may be entered with a power condition timer if the timer is supported and enabled.
The recovery time fields indicate the time, in one millisecond increments, that the logical unit takes to
transition from the associated power condition to the active power condition. This time does not include the
processing time for the command that caused this transition to occur. A value of 0 indicates that the recovery
time is not specified. A value of FFFFh indicates that the recovery time is more than 65.534 seconds.
-
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
114
18.5.1.10 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 90h
Table 84 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = 90h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = 90h
2-3
Page Length = 24 (0018h)
4-15
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 0.
16-27
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 1.
-
Qualifier field is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
-
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 24, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 0 field is defined in Table 85
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor 1 field is defined in Table 85
Table 85
Protocol-specific logical unit information descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0-1
4
3
2
1
0
Relative Port Identifier
2
Reserved
Protocol Identifier = 6h
3-5
Reserved
6-7
Descriptor Length (0004h)
8
TLR CONTROL
SUPPORTED = 0h
Reserved
9-11
Reserved
-
Relative Port Identifier is set to 1 for Port A (Primary Port) or 2 for Port B (Secondary Port).
-
Protocol Identifier is set to 6 to specify that this is a SAS SSP Descriptor.
TLR Control Supported field specifies support of the TLR CONTROL field in the SAS SSP frame header. This
field is set to 0 to indicate that the drive does not support Transport Layer Retries
18.5.1.11 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1, Page Code - 91h
Table 86
Protocol Specific Port Information VPD page to SAS SSP
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Qualifier = 0
4
3
2
1
Peripheral Device Type = 0
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
115
0
-
1
Page Code = 91h
2-3
Page Length = 24 (0018h)
4-15
Port Information Descriptor 0
16-27
Port Information Descriptor 1
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 24, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Port Information Descriptor 0 is defined in Table 87
Port Information Descriptor 1 is defined in Table 87
Table 87
Port Information Descriptor for SAS SSP
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0-1
4
3
2
1
0
Relative Port Identifier
2
Reserved
3
Protocol Identifier (6h)
PWR_D_
S
Reserved
4-5
Reserved
6-7
Descriptor Length (0004h)
8-11
SAS PHY Information Descriptor 0
-
Relative Port Identifier is set to 1 for Port A (Primary Port) or 2 for Port B (Secondary Port).
-
Protocol Identifier is set to 6 to specify that this is a SAS SSP Descriptor.
PWR_D_S, Power Disable Supported, is set to 1 to specify that the POWER DISABLE signal is supported.
SAS PHY Information Descriptor 0 is defined in Table 88
Table 88
SAS PHY Information Descriptor for SAS SSP
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Reserved
1
PHY Identifier
3
2
1
Reserved
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
116
0
SSP
Persistent
Capable
-
PHY Identifier is set to 0 for Port A (Primary Port) or 1 for Port B (Secondary Port).
SSP Persistent Capable is set to 0 indicates that the PHY does not support persistent connections
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
117
18.5.1.12 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - B0h
Table 89 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B0h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
Qualifier = 0
Page Code = B0h
2-3
Page Length = 60 (003Ch)
Reserved
5
Maximum Compare and Write Length = 0
6-7
Optimal Transfer Length Granularity = 0
8-11
Maximum Transfer Length = 0
12-15
Optimal Transfer Length = 0
16-19
Maximum Prefetch XDRead XDWrite Transfer Length = 0
20-23
Maximum Unmap LBA Count = 0
24-27
Maximum Unmap Block Descriptor Count = 0
28-31
Optimal Unmap Granularity = 0
32-35
UGAVALID=0
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
4
2
WSNZ=0
Unmap Granularity Alignment = 0
36-43
Maximum Write Same Length = 0
44-63
Reserved
-
Qualifier: set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type: set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
-
Page Code: set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length: This field is set to 60 (3Ch), and specifies the length of the following page data.
WSNZ - Write Same No Zero: set to 0 which indicates the device server supports a value of 0 in the NUMBER
OF LOGICAL BLOCKS field in the WRITE SAME command CDB.
Maximum Compare and Write Length: set to 0 which indicates the device server does not support the
COMPARE AND WRITE command.
Optimal Transfer Length Granularity: set to 0 to indicate that the device server does not report optimal
transfer length granularity..
Maximum Transfer Length: set to 0 which indicates there is no reported limit on the maximum transfer length
in logical blocks that the device server accepts for a single request using any of the following supported media
access commands: PREFETCH, READ, VERIFY, WRITE, WRITE AND VERIFY.
Optimal Transfer Length: set to 0 which indicates there is no reported value for the optimal transfer length in
logical blocks for any of the following supported media access commands: PREFETCH, READ, VERIFY,
WRITE, WRITE AND VERIFY.
Maximum Prefetch XDRead XDWrite Transfer Length: indicates the maximum transfer length in logical
blocks that the device server accepts for a single PRE-FETCH command. It is set to 0 to be less than or equal to
the Maximum Transfer Length (above).
Maximum Unmap LBA Count: set to 0000_0000h to indicate that the device server does not implement the
UNMAP command.
Maximum Unmap Block Descriptor Count: set to 0000_0000h to indicate that the device server does not
-
-
-
-
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
118
-
implement the UNMAP command.
Optimal Unmap Granularity: set to 0000_0000h to indicate that the optimal unmap granularity is not specified.
UGAVALID - Unmap Granularity Alignment VALID: set to 1 indicates that the UNMAP GRANULARITY
ALIGNMENT field is valid.
Unmap Granularity Alignment: set to 0 and is not valid.
Maximum Write Same Length: set to 0 which indicates that there is no reported limit on the number of logical
blocks that may be requested for a single WRITE SAME command.
18.5.1.13 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - B1h
Table 90 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B1h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Qualifier = 0
3
2
Page Code = B1h
2-3
Page Length = 60 (003Ch)
4-5
Medium Rotation Rate 10020 (2724h)
6
Reserved
8-63
Reserved
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
7
1
WACEREQ
Nominal Form Factor = 2h
Reserved
-
Qualifier field is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 60, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Medium Rotation Rate field is set to 10020.
-
WACEREQ if CryptoErase is supported then WACEREQ will be set to 01b.
Nominal Form Factor field is set to 2h.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
119
18.5.1.14 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - B2h
Table 91 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = B2h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
-
3
Qualifier = 0
2
Page Length = 4 (0004h)
4
Threshold Exponent = 0
LBPU=0
LBPWS= 0
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
2-3
7
-
4
Page Code = B2h
6
-
5
1
5
-
6
LBPWS1
0=0
Reserved
Reserved
LBPRZ=0
ANC_SUP=0
DP=0
Provisioning Type = 0
Reserved
Threshold Exponent: set to 0 which indicates that the logical unit does not support logical block provisioning
thresholds
LBPU: set to 0 to indicate that the device does not support the UNMAP command.
LBPWS: set to 0 to indicate that the device does not support the WRITE SAME(16) command to unmap LBAs.
LBPWS10: set to 0 to indicate that the device does not support the WRITE SAME(10) command to unmap
LBAs.
LBPRZ: set to 0 to indicate that, for an unmapped LBA specified by a read operation, the device server may
send user data with all bits set to any value to the Data-In Buffer
ANC_SUP: set to 0 to indicate that the device does not support anchored LBAs.
DP: set to 0 to indicate no Provisioning Group Descriptor is present
Provisioning Type: set to 0 to indicate the logical unit is fully provisioned
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
120
18.5.1.15 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - D1h
Table 92 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = D1h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
Qualifier = 0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = D1h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 80 (50h)
4-19
ASCII Media Disk Definition
20-35
ASCII Motor Serial Number
36-51
ASCII Flex Assembly Serial Number
52-67
ASCII Actuator Serial Number
68-83
ASCII Device Enclosure Serial Number
-
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
-
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 80, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Note: If the media is not available, bytes 0 through 3 are valid. All the other fields are ASCII blanks (20h).
Note: All ASCII fields are alphanumeric, left aligned, and padded on the right with ASCII blanks (20h).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
121
18.5.1.16 Inquiry Data Format - EVPD = 1, Page Code - D2h
Table 93 Inquiry Data - EVPD = 1 (Page Code = D2h)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Qualifier = 0
4
3
2
0
Peripheral Device Type = 0
1
Page Code = D2h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Page Length = 52 (34h)
4
HDC Version Length = 16 (10h)
5 - 20
ASCII HDC Version
21
Card Serial Number Length = 16 (10h)
22 - 37
ASCII Card Serial Number
38
Card Assembly Part Number Length = 16 (10h)
39 - 54
ASCII Card Assembly Part Number
55
Reserved = 0
-
1
Qualifier is set to 0 to indicate that the LUN specified in the Command Block is currently supported.
Peripheral Device Type is set to 0 to indicate that the device is Direct Access.
Page Code is set to the value of the page code field in the CDB.
Page Length is set to 52, and this field specifies the length of the following page data.
Note: If the media is not available, bytes 0 through 3 are valid. All the other fields are ASCII blanks (20h).
Note: All ASCII fields are alphanumeric, left aligned, and padded on the right with ASCII blanks (20h).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
122
18.6
LOG SELECT (4C)
Table 94
Log Select (4C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
1
0
PCR
SP
Command Code = 4Ch
1
Reserved = 0
2
PC
Reserved = 0
Page Code
3
SubPage Code = 0
4-6
Reserved = 0
7
2
(MSB)
Parameter List Length = 0
8
9
(LSB)
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The LOG SELECT command provides a means for the Initiator to clear statistical information maintained by the drive
and reported via the LOG SENSE command.
-
-
-
-
PCR The Parameter Code Reset determines whether the Log Sense parameters will be cleared and unit
attention posted for all other Initiators. A value of 1 indicates that the parameters be cleared, while a value of 0
(except when PC = 11b) indicates that the parameters not be cleared. Parameter list length must be 0 when
PCR is 1.The PC field is ignored for list parameters, i.e. when the Format and Linking (F&L) field contains 01b
or 11b.
SP The Save Parameters bit value of 0 indicates that the page parameters not be saved. A value of 1 indicates
that the page parameters that are savable be saved after they have been changed. SP bit MUST be 1 if
parameter list length is greater than 0. Otherwise it will result in a Check Condition status being returned. The
sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
PC The Page Control field defines the type of parameters to be selected. The PC field set to 11b (and PCR is
then a don't care) indicates that the Default Cumulative values are set to their default values of 0. If the PC field
is set to 01b and PCR is set to 1, the Current Cumulative values are also set to their default values of 0.
Parameter List Length MUST be 0 when PC = 11b. Otherwise the command is terminated and a Check
Condition status is returned. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid
Field in CDB.
Page Code field identifies which page is being selected. This field must be set to the values indicated in Page 0.
If the Page Code value is invalid a Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and
additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
•
-
If page code field is set to 0, then the selection applies to all log parameters in all valid log pages.
• If page code field is set to a non zero, then the selection applies to all log parameters specified by this field.
SubPage Code This field specifies the subpage to select. This field is not supported and must be set to 0.
Parameter List Length The Parameter List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the parameter list that
shall be located in the DATA OUT buffer. A parameter list length 0 indicates that no pages shall be transferred.
•
If the PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field is set to 0, then the PCR bit, the SP bit, and the PC fields apply to
the page (pages) addressed by the page code field.
•
If the PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field is set to non zero, and the if PAGE CODE field is non-zero or the
SUBPAGE CODE field is non-zero, then the command shall be terminated with CHECK CONDITION status,
with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
123
CDB.
Note: A specified length greater than 0x00FF will result in a Check Condition status being returned. A length that
results in log data being truncated will generate a Check Condition status.
Note: For page 0Fh, the maximum parameter list length supported is 4004h (4 bytes for the header and 100h bytes
for each of the 40h parameters that are supported). The Parameter List Length must be an integral of the
number of parameters plus the 4 byte header. (Ex: Parameter length =104h for one parameter, 204h for 2
parameters,... 4004h for all 40h parameters).
The drive allows updates to the current cumulative values only. A value of 0 is acceptable and is not considered an
error.
The drive updates only pages 0Eh, the Start/Stop Cycle page and 0Fh, the Application Client page. For other pages
the parameters are ignored. If the data out buffer contains multiple pages then the application client should send the
pages in ascending order. If the data out buffer contains multiple log parameters within a page, all log parameters
within the page should be sent and they should be sent in ascending order by parameter code value. The drive shall
return Check Condition status if the application client sends pages out of order, parameter codes out of order or
missing parameter code. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code set to Invalid Field
in Parameter List. If one or more fields of the CDB are not set correctly the command will be terminated with a Check
Condition status. The sense key shall be set to Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB. To
indicate that parameters have changed, the Target generates a unit attention condition for all Initiators except the
one that issued the LOG SELECT command.
The following list contains all individual page parameters (counters) that are set to their default value of 0 by the LOG
SELECT command (when PCR=1).
-
Page 02h parameters: (Counters for write errors)
- Write errors recovered without delay
- Write errors recovered with possible delays
- LBAs with write fault error
- Reserved=0
- Total errors recovered
- Number of times recovery invoked
- Total write byte count
- LBAs with hard error
- Page 03h parameters: (Counters for read errors)
- Read errors recovered without delay
- Read errors recovered with possible delays
- LBAs with LDPC detected error
- Reserved=0
- Total errors recovered
- Number of times recovery invoked
- Total read byte count
-
- LBAs with hard error.
Page 05h parameters: (Counters for Verify Errors)
- Errors recovered without delay
- Errors recovered with possible delays
- LBAs with LDPC detected error
- Reserved=0
- Total errors recovered
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
124
- Number of times recovery invoked
- Total bytes verified
- LBAs with hard error.
- Page 06h parameters: (Counters for non medium errors, seek and other hardware type failures)
- Non-Medium Error Counter
- Page 15h parameters: (Background Medium Scan information)
- BMS Status parameter
- all Medium Scan parameters
- Page 18h parameters (SAS PHY Error counts - only cleared for the port which receives the Log Select)
- Invalid DWORD Count
- Running Disparity Error Count
- Loss of DWORD Synchronization Count
- PHY Reset Problem Count
- Page 30h parameters:
- Zero Seeks counter
- Seeks > = to 2/3 counter
- Seeks > = 1/3 and < 2/3 counter
- Seeks > = 1/6 and < 1/3 counter
- Seeks > = 1/12 and < 1/6 counter
- Seeks > 0 and < 1/12 counter
- Overrun Counter
- Under run Counter
- Device Cache Full Read Hits
- Device Cache Partial Read Hits
- Device Cache Write Hits
- Device Cache Fast Writes
- Device Cache Misses on Reads
- Page 37h parameters:
- Media EXC
- Hardware EXC
- Total Read Commands
- Total Write Commands
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
125
18.7
LOG SENSE (4D)
Table 95
Log Sense (4D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
Reserved = 0
2
PC
Reserved = 0
SubPage Code
4
Reserved
9
0
PPC=0
SP
Page Code
3
7
8
1
Command Code = 4Dh
1
5
6
2
(MSB)
Parameter Pointer
(LSB)
(MSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The LOG SENSE command allows the Initiator to retrieve the statistical data regarding the drive.
- PPC (Parameter Pointer Control) bit must be set to 0. This specifies that the drive start transferring data starting
from the field specified in the parameter pointer field for the number of bytes specified by the allocation length. If
the PPC bit is set to 1, Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
- SP (Save Parameters) bit set to 0 specifies that the drive does not save any log parameters. If it is set to 1, all
page parameters that are savable (those pages denoted by a DS = 0 in the parameter header control byte) are
saved.
- PC (Page Control) field defines the type of parameters to be selected. This field must be set to 01b to specify
the current cumulative values. Any other value in this field will cause the command to end with a Check
Condition status with a sense key of Illegal Request and an additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
- Page Code field identifies which page is being requested. This field must be set to the values indicated in Page
0. If the Page Code value is invalid a Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and
additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
- SubPage Code This field specifies the subpage to select.
-
Parameter Pointer field specifies the beginning parameter code for the data transfer.
Allocation Length field specifies the maximum number of bytes the Initiator has allocated for returned Log
Sense Data. No bytes are transferred if the length is 0. This condition is not considered an error. The Target
terminates the Data in phase when all available Log Sense data has been transferred or when the number of
bytes equals the allocation length, whichever is less.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
126
18.7.1
Log Page Parameters
Each log page begins with a 4-byte page header followed by zero or more variable-length log parameters.
Page header
Page Code field identifies which log page is being transferred.
The Page Length field specifies the length in bytes of the following log parameters.
Log parameters
Each log parameter begins with a 4-byte parameter header followed by one or more bytes of parameter
value data.
The Parameter Code field identifies which log parameter is being transferred for that log page.
The Parameter Control field, the 3rd byte of each parameter header, contains several fields.
- DU The Disable Update bit is set to 0 to indicate that the drive updates the log parameter value to reflect
events that should be noted by that parameter.
- TSD The Target Save Disable bit is set to 0 to indicate that the drive provides a Target defined method for
saving log parameters.
- ETC The enable Threshold Comparison bit is set to 0 to indicate the drive does not perform comparisons
between cumulative and any threshold values.
- TMC The Threshold Met Criteria field is not valid because this drive does not perform threshold comparisons.
This field is set to 0.
- Format and Linking The F & L field indicates the type of log parameter and how parameters that reach their
maximum value are handled.
-
00b: Data counter: If any other parameter in this log page reaches its maximum value, then this parameter
shall stop incrementing until reinitialized by a Log Select command.
-
01b: List format ASCII data: No maximum values to handle
-
10b: Data counter: If another parameter reported in this log page reaches its maximum value, then this
parameter shall not stop incrementing. This parameter may be reinitialized by a Log Select command.
-
11b: List format binary data: No maximum values to handle.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
127
18.7.2
Log Sense Page 0
Page 0 indicates the supported log sense pages. This page is used to determine which additional pages and Initiator
can request.
Table 96
Log Sense Page 0
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
Reserved
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0010h(Number of Pages Supported)
4
First supported page 00h
5
Second supported page 02h
6
Third supported page 03h
7
Fourth supported page 05h
8
Fifth supported page 06h
9
Sixth supported page 0Dh
10
Seventh supported page 0Eh
11
Eighth supported page 0Fh
12
Ninth supported page 10h
13
Tenth supported page 15h
14
Eleventh supported page 18h
15
Twelfth supported page 19h
16
Thirteenth supported page 1Ah
17
Fourteenth supported page 2Fh
18
Fifteenth supported Page Code =30h
19
Sixteenth supported Page Code = 37h
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
128
18.7.3
Log Sense Page 2
This page contains counters for write errors.
Table 97
Log Sense Page 2 (part 1 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay
16-17
Parameter Code = 0001h
18
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Errors recovered with possible delays
28-29
Parameter Code = 0002h
30
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Reserved = 0
40-41
Parameter Code = 0003h
42
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total errors recovered
52-53
Parameter Code = 0004h
54
DU = 0
1
0
Page Code = 02h
1
6
2
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times recovery invoked
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
129
Table 98
Log Sense Page 2 (part 2 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
6
64-65
66
5
4
3
1
0
Parameter Code = 0005h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total bytes written
76-77
Parameter Code = 0006h
78
2
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0
ETC = 0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Count of hard errors
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
All parameter counts indicate the number of sectors with the specified types of errors, except Times Recovery
Invoked, which is a cumulative count of all recovery steps attempted on all sectors written.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
130
18.7.4
Log Sense Page 3
This page contains counters for read errors.
Table 99
Log Sense Page 3 (part 1 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD=0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay
16-17
Parameter Code = 0001h
18
DU = 0
DS = 0 TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Errors recovered with possible delays
28-29
Parameter Code = 0002h
30
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD=0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Reserved = 0
40-41
Parameter Code = 0003h
42
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD=0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total errors recovered
52-53
Parameter Code = 0004h
54
DU = 0
1
0
Page Code = 03h
1
6
2
DS = 0
TSD=0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
55
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times recovery invoked
64-65
Parameter Code = 0005h
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
131
Table 100
Log Sense Page 3 (part 2 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
66
DU = 0
6
5
4
DS = 0 TSD = 0 ETC = 0
3
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total bytes read
76-77
Parameter Code = 0006h
78
DU = 0
DS = 0 TSD = 0 ETC = 0
2
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Count of hard errors
1
0
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
All parameter counts indicate the number of sectors with the specified types of errors, except Times Recovery
Invoked, which is a cumulative count of all recovery steps attempted on all sectors read. LDPC-on-the-fly correction
is not included in any counters.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
132
18.7.5
Log Sense Page 5
This page contains counters for verify errors.
Table 101
Log Sense Page 5 (part 1 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 54h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Errors recovered without delay
16-17
Parameter Code = 0001h
18
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
19
Parameter Length = 08h
20-27
Errors recovered with possible delays
28-29
Parameter Code = 0002h
30
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
31
Parameter Length = 08h
32-39
Reserved = 0
40-41
Parameter Code = 0003h
42
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 08h
44-51
Total errors recovered
52-53
Parameter Code = 0004h
54
DU = 0
0
Page Code = 05h
1
6
1
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
55.
Parameter Length = 08h
56-63
Times recovery invoked
64-65
Parameter Code = 0005h
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
133
Table 102
Log Sense Page 5 (part 2 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
66
DU = 0
6
5
4
3
DS = 0 TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
67
Parameter Length = 08h
68-75
Total Bytes Verified
76-77
Parameter Code = 0006h
78
DU = 0
DS = 0
2
TSD = 0
TMC = 0
79
Parameter Length = 08h
80-87
Count of hard errors
1
0
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
All parameter counts indicate the number of sectors with the specified types of errors, except Times Recovery
Invoked, which is a cumulative count of all recovery steps attempted on all sectors verified. LDPC-on-the-fly
correction is not included in any counters.
18.7.6
Log Sense Page 6
This page contains counters for non-medium errors. This includes seek errors and other hardware type failures.
Table 103
Log Sense Page 6
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 00h
DU = 0
1
0
Page Code = 06h
1
6
2
DS = 0 TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 08h
8-15
Error Count
F&L = 00b
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
134
18.7.7
Log Sense Page D
This page contains temperature information.
Table 104
Log Sense Page D
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0Ch
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
DS = 1
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 02h
8
Reserved
9
Temperature (degrees Celsius)
10-11
Parameter Code 0001h
12
DU = 0
DS = 1
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
F&L = 00b
TMC = 0
F&L = 00b
13
Parameter Length = 02h
14
Reserved
15
Reference Temperature (degrees Celsius)
18.7.8
0
Page Code = 0Dh
1
6
1
Log Sense Page E
This page contains the start-stop cycle information.
Table 105
Log Sense Page E (part 1 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 34h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0001h
DU=0
1
0
Page Code = 0Eh
1
6
2
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 06h
8-11
Year of Manufacture (4 ASCII characters)
F&L = 00b
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
135
Table 106
Log Sense Page E (part 2 of 2)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
12-13
Week of Manufacture (2 ASCII characters)
14-15
Parameter Code 0002h
16
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
17
Parameter Length = 06h
18-21
Accounting Date Year (4 ASCII characters)
22-23
Accounting Date Week (2 ASCII characters)
24-25
Parameter Code 0003h
26
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
27
Parameter Length = 04h
28-31
Specified cycle count over device lifetime
32-33
Parameter Code 0004h
34
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
1
TMC = 0
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
35
Parameter Length = 04h
36-39
Accumulated start-stop cycles (4 byte binary number)
40-41
Parameter Code 0005h
42
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
43
Parameter Length = 04h
44-47
Specified load unload count over device lifetime
48-49
Parameter Code 0006h
50
DU=0
DS=1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
0
F&L = 00b
F&L = 00b
51
Parameter Length = 04h
52-55
Accumulated load unload cycles (4 byte binary number)
The week and year that the device was manufactured shall be set in the parameter field defined by parameter code
0001h. The date of manufacture cannot be saved using the LOG SELECT command. The data is expected in
numeric ASCII characters (30-39h) in the form YYYYWW. The accounting date specified by parameter code 0002h
is a parameter that can be saved using the LOG SELECT command.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
136
18.7.9
Log Sense Page F
This page contains the Application Client Log.
Table 107
Log Sense Page F
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
0
1
Page Code = 0Fh
Reserved
1
2-3
Page Length = 4000h
Application client log parameter
4-259
1st application client log parameter
16132-16387
64th application client log parameter
The following table describes the application client log parameter structure.
Table 108
Log Sense Page F, Application Client Log
Bit
Byte
7
0-1
2
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Parameter Code
DU = 1
DS = 0 TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
3
Parameter Length = FCh
4-
First parameter byte
255
Last parameter byte
F&L = 00b
Parameter code 0000h through 003Fh are supported.
The values stored in the parameter bytes represent data sent to the device in a previous LOG SELECT command.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
137
18.7.10 Log Sense Page 10
This page contains self-test results. The results of the 20 most recent self-tests are stored in this Log page.
Table 109
Log Sense Page 10
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
1
0
1
0
Page Code = 10h
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 190h
4-23
1st self-test results log parameter
384- 403
20th self-test results log parameter
The following table describes the self-test results log parameter structure
Table 110
Log Sense Page 10, self-test results
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0-1
2
-
2
DU = 0
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
F&L = 11b
Parameter Length = 10h
Function Code
RSVD
Self-Test Results Value
5
Extended Segment Number
6-7
Timestamp
8-15
LBA of First Failure
16
-
3
Parameter Code
3
4
4
Reserved
Sense Key
17
Additional Sense Code
18
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
19
Vendor specific
Parameter Code identifies the log parameter for the log page. The parameter code field for the results of the
most recent test will be 0001h. The parameter for the next most recent will be 0002h.
Function Code contains the content of the Function Code field in the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command that
initiated this self-test.
Self-Test Results Value is described in the table below.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
138
Table 111
Value
Description
0h
The self-test routine completed without error.
1h
The background self-test routine was aborted by the initiator using a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command
with the Abort Background self-test function.
2h
The self-test routine was aborted by the application client by a Task Management function or a reset.
3h
An unknown error occurred while the Target was executing the self-test routine and the Target was
unable to complete the self-test routine.
4h
The self-test completed with a test element that failed and it is not known which test element failed.
5h
The first segment of the self-test failed.
6h
The second segment of the self-test failed.
7h
The third or greater segment of the self-test failed (see the Extended segment number field).
8h-Eh
Fh
-
Log Sense Page 10, Self-Test Results
Reserved.
The self-test is in progress.
Extended Segment Number This field identifies the number of the segment that failed during self-test. If no
segment failed, this field will be 00h.
Table 112
Log Sense Page 10, Extended Segment Number
Extended Segment Number
Short Self-Test
Extended Self-Test
1h
Drive Ready Test
2h
Drive Diagnostics
3h
SMART
4h
Low Level Format heck
5h
Physical Head Check
6h
Random Verify
7h
8h
- Verify First 300 MB
- Verify Last 100 MB
Verify all LBAs
Recheck SMART
Timestamp This field contains the total accumulated power-on hours of the Target at the time the self-test
completed.
- LBA of first failure This field contains the LBA of the first logical block address where a self-test error occurred.
If no errors occurred during the self-test or the error is not related to a LBA then the field will be
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFh.
- Sense Key, Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier These fields will contain the
additional information relating to the error or exception conditions during self-test.
See Section 18.44 "SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)”, for detailed listing of operations carried out by SEND DIAGNOSTIC
-
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
139
command and Power on Diagnostics.
18.7.11 Log Sense Page 15
This page contains information about Background Medium Scan operations.
Table 113
Log Sense Page 15
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
1
0
1
0
Page Code = 15h
1
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = (19 + 24N -3)
Background Medium Scan Parameters
4-19
BMS Status Parameter
20-43
First Medium Scan Parameter
...
19+24N
Last Medium Scan Parameter
The following table describes the BMS Status Parameter structure.
Table 114
Byte
BMS Status Parameter structure
Bit
7
6
5
0-1
2
-
4
3
2
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC=0
3
Page Length = 0Ch
4-7
Power On Minutes
8
Reserved = 0
9
BMS Status
10-11
Number of Background Scans Performed
12-13
Medium Scan Progress
14-15
Number of Background Medium Scans Performed
F&L = 11b
Power On Minutes indicates the total power on minutes at the time the log page is requested
BMS Status is described in the following table
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
140
Table 115
BMS Status
BMS Status
00h
No scans active
01h
Background medium scan is active
02h
The device server performed automatic read reassignment for the LBA
03h-04h
-
Not supported
05h
Background scan halted due to medium formatted without P-List
06h
Background scan halted due to a vendor-specific cause
07h
Background scan halted due to temperature out of range
08h
Scan suspended until BMS Interval Timer expires
09h - FFh
-
Description
Reserved
The Number of Background Scans Performed field indicates the total number of back ground scans (i.e. total
number of Background Medium Scans PLUS number of Background Prescan) that have been performed over
the life of the drive.
Medium Scan Progress is a percent complete indication of the medium scan. The returned value is a
numerator that has 65,536(1 00 00h) as its denominator.
Number of Background Medium Scans Performed field indicates the number of background medium scans
that have been performed over the life of the drive.
The following table describes the Medium Scan Parameter structure.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
141
Table 116 Medium Scan Parameter structure
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0-1
4
3
2
1
0
Parameter Code = 0001h - 0800h
2
DU=0
DS=0
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC=0
3
Page Length = 14h
4-7
Power On Minutes
8
Reassign Status
F&L = 11b
Sense Key
9
Additional Sense Code
10
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
11
Head
(MSB)
Cylinder
(MSB)
12-13
Cylinder
(LSB)
(MSB)
14-15
Sector
(LSB)
16-23
-
LBA
Power On Minutes indicates the total power on minutes at the time the error was detected.
Reassign Status is set as shown below. Reassignment during the background scan is not supported.
Table 117
Reassign Status
Reassign Status Description
0h
No reassignment needed
This value is not reported, if LOWIR bit is set to 1 in Background Control Mode Page.
1h
Reassignment pending receipt of Reassign command or write command (if auto write
reallocation is allowed) from the initiator
02h-4h
Not supported
5h
Error was detected by BGMS, and was successfully rewritten.
This value is not reported, if LOWIR bit is set to 1 in Background Control Mode Page.
6h
Error was detected by BGMS, and was successfully reassigned by Application Client.
Contains valid data.
7h – Fh
Reserved
Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier provide details about the error detected.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
142
18.7.12 Log Sense Page 18
This page contains protocol-specific log parameters.
Table 118
Log Sense Page 18
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Page Code = 18h
1
SubPage Code (00h)
2
1
0
(MSB)
2-3
Page Length (D8h)
(LSB)
Protocol-specific log parameters
4-111
First Protocol-specific log parameter - Primary Port
112-219
Table 119
Last Protocol-specific log parameters - Secondary Port
SAS Log Descriptor (part 1 of 3)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-1
Parameter Code (0001h for primary port; 0002h for secondary
(LSB)
2
DU (=0)
Obsolete
TSD (=0)
3
ETC (=0)
TMC (00b)
Parameter Length (68h)
4
Reserved
Protocol IDENTIFIER (6h)
5
Reserved
6
Generation Code
7
Number of PHYs (01h)
8
Reserved
9
PHY IDENTIFIER (00h)
10
Reserved
11
SAS PHY Log Descriptor Length (60h)
12
13
Format and Linking
Reserved
Attached Device Type
Reason
Attached Reason
Negotiated Physical Link Rate
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
143
Table 120
SAS Log Descriptor (part 2 of 3)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
14
Reserved
Attached
Attached
Attached
SSP
STP
SMP
Reserved
Initiator Port Initiator Port Initiator Port
15
Reserved
Attached
SSP
Target Port
Attached
STP
Target Port
Attached
SMP
Target Port
Reserved
(MSB)
16-23
SAS Address (the address of the target port)
(LSB)
(MSB)
24-31
Attached SAS Address (the address received in the incoming IDENTIFY)
(LSB)
Attached PHY Identifier
(the PHY identifier received in the incoming IDENTIFY)
32
33-39
Reserved
(MSB)
40-43
Invalid Dword Count
(LSB)
(MSB)
44-47
Running Disparity Error Count
(LSB)
(MSB)
48-51
Loss of Dword Synchronization
(LSB)
(MSB)
52-55
PHY Reset Problem
(LSB)
56-57
Reserved
58
PHY event Descriptor Length (0Ch)
59
Number of Event Descriptors (04h)
60-62
Reserved
63
Phy Event Source (01h) (Invalid Dword Count)
(MSB)
64-67
PHY Event
(LSB)
(MSB)
68-71
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
(LSB)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
144
Table 121
SAS Log Descriptor (part 3 of 3)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
72-74
Reserved
75
PHY Event Source (02h)
(Running Disparity Error Count)
2
1
0
(MSB)
76-79
PHY Event
(LSB)
(MSB)
80-83
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
(LSB)
84-86
Reserved
87
PHY Event Source (03h)
(Loss of Dword Sync)
(MSB)
88-91
PHY Event
(LSB)
(MSB)
92-95
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
(LSB)
96-98
Reserved
99
PHY Event Source (04h)
(PHY Reset Problem)
(MSB)
100-103
PHY Event
(LSB)
(MSB)
104-107
Peak Value Detector Threshold (00h)
(LSB)




Attached Device Type is set to the value received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached Reason indicates the value of the REASON field in the last received IDENTIFY address frame
(see Table 39) during the identification sequence if the PHY is a physical PHY and a SAS PHY or expander
PHY is attached. If the PHY is a physical PHY and a SATA PHY is attached, then the ATTACHED REASON
field shall be set to 0h after the initial Register – Device to Host FIS has been received. If the PHY is a virtual
PHY, then the ATTACHED REASON field shall be set to 0h.
Reason indicates the reason for the last link reset sequence as reported in the last transmitted IDENTIFY
address frame (see Table 38). If the PHY is a physical PHY and a SATA PHY is attached, then the REASON
field indicates the reason for the link reset sequence. For Reason field, refer Table 39.
Negotiated PHY Link Rate: set to the link rate negotiated during last Link Reset Sequence.
- set to 8h when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 1.5G
- set to 9h when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 3.0G
- set to Ah when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 6.0G
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
145

















- set to Bh when the PHY is enabled and the negotiated speed is 12.0G
The Generation Code is a one-byte counter that shall be incremented by one by the device server every
time the values in this mode page or the SAS-3 PHY mode page field values are changed. A GENERATION
CODE field set to 00h indicates the generation code is unknown. The device server shall wrap this field to
01h as the next increment after reaching its maximum value (i.e., FFh). The GENERATION CODE field is
also contained in the Protocol-Specific Port log page and may be used to correlate PHY settings across
mode page and log page accesses.
Attached Reason indicates the value of the REASON field received in the IDENTIFY address frame.
Attached Initiator Port set to the value received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached Target Port set to the value received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
SAS ADDRESS contains the SAS address transmitted by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached SAS ADDRESS contains the SAS address received by this PHY during an Identify Sequence.
Attached PHY Identifier contains the SAS PHY Identifier received by this PHY during an Identify
Sequence.
Invalid Dword Count indicates the number of invalid Dwords that have been received outside of PHY reset
sequences. The count wraps at the maximum value.
Running Disparity Error Count increments by one when the port has acquired Dword synchronization and
detects a transmission word containing a running disparity error at the receiver. When the port has lost
Dword synchronization, the Running Disparity Error Count is not incremented. The count stops at the
maximum value.
Loss of Dword Synchronication indicates the number of times the PHY has lost Dword synchronization
and restarted the link reset sequence of PHY reset sequences. The count wraps at the maximum value.
PHY Reset Problem indicates the number of times the PHY reset sequence has failed due to a failure to
gain Dword sync in the retry speed match speed negotiation. The count wraps at the maximum value.
PHY Event Descriptor Length indicates the number of bytes in the PHY event descriptor, which is 0Ch.
Number of Event Descriptors indicates the number of PHY event descriptors in the PHY event descriptor
list, which is 04h.
Event Source (01h) - Invalid Dword Count. The "PHY Event" field following this event source contains
the number of invalid Dwords detected by the PHY since power on. The "Peak Value Detector Threshold"
is set to 00000000h to indicate this is a counter and not a peak value detector.
Event Source (02h) - Running Disparity Error Count. The "PHY Event" field following this event source
contains the number of disparity errors detected by the PHY since power on. The "Peak Value Detector
Threshold" is set to 00000000h to indicate this is a counter and not a peak value detector.
Event Source (03h) - Loss of Dword Synchronization Count. The "Phy Event" field following this event
source contains the number of times the receiver has lost Dword synchronization since power on. The
"Peak Value Detector Threshold" is set to 00000000h to indicate this is a counter and not a peak value
detector.
Event Source (04h) - PHY Reset Problem Count. The "PHY Event" field following this event source
contains the number of times the PHY has encountered a PHY reset problem condition since power on.
The "Peak Value Detector Threshold" is set to 00000000h to indicate this is a counter and not a peak value
detector.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
146
18.7.13 Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance
Table 122
Log Sense Page 19h - General Statistics and Performance
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
DS = 0
SPF = 0
4
3
2
Sub Page Code = 00h
2-3
Page Length = 005Ch
Parameter Code = 0001h
4-5
DU = 0
Obsolete TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
Format and Linking = 10b
7
Parameter Length = 40h
8-15
Number of Read Commands
16-23
Number of Write Commands
24-31
Number of Logical Blocks Received
32-39
Number of Logical Blocks Transmitted
40-47
Read Command Processing Intervals
48-55
Write Command Processing Intervals
56-63
Weighted Number of Read Commands plus Write Commands
64-71
Weighted Read Command Processing plus Write Command Processing
72-73
Parameter Code = 0002h
74
DU = 0
Obsolete TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
75
Parameter Length = 08h
76-83
Idle Time Intervals
84-85
Parameter Code = 0003h
86
0
Page Code = 19h
1
6
1
DU = 0
Obsolete TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
87
Parameter Length = 08h
88-95
Time Interval Descriptor
Format and Linking = 10b
Format and Linking = 11b
Number of Read Commands indicates the number of read commands received by the logical unit.
Number of Write Commands indicates the number of write commands received by the logical unit.
Number of Logical Blocks Received indicates the number of logical blocks received by any SCSI target port for
the logical unit as a result of write commands.
Number of Logical Blocks Transmitted indicates the number of logical blocks transmitted by any SCSI target
port for the logical unit as a result of read commands.
Read Command Processing Interval is not supported and is set to 0.
Write Command Processing Interval is not supported and is set to 0.
Weighted Number of Read Commands Plus Write Commands is not supported and is set to 0.
Weighted Read Command Processing Plus Write Command Processing is not supported and is set to 0.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
147
Idle Time Intervals indicates the cumulative number of idle times spent while there are no commands in the task
set and there are no commands being processed by the logical unit.
Idle time is calculated using the time interval in parameter 0003h:
idle time = (time increments not processing commands x time interval)
The time interval descriptor contains the time interval in seconds.
Table 123
Time Interval Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Exponent
4-7
Integer
2
1
0
Exponent contains the negative power of 10 exponent to multiply with the Integer field.
Integer, when multiplied by the exponent, contains the value that represents one time interval.
The Exponent and Integer are set to the equivalent of 50ms (5x10 -2 seconds).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
148
18.7.14 Log Sense Page 1A
Table 124
Log Sense Page 1A
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
Reserved
2
Sub Page Code (00h)
2-3
Page Length (30h)
4-5
Parameter Code 0001h
DU
0
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
Page Code = 1Ah
1
6
1
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
TMC
7
Parameter Length = 4
8-11
Accumulated Transitions to Active State
12-13
Parameter Code 0002h
14
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
TMC
FMT & Linking
15
Parameter Length = 4
16-19
Accumulated Transitions to Idle_A
20-21
Parameter Code 0003h
22
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
TMC
FMT & Linking
23
Parameter Length = 4
24-27
Accumulated Transitions to Idle_B
28-29
Parameter Code 0004h
30
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
TMC
FMT & Linking
31
Parameter Length = 4
32-35
Accumulated Transitions to Idle_C
36-37
Parameter Code 0008h
38
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
TMC
FMT & Linking
39
Parameter Length = 4
40-43
Accumulated Transitions to Standby_Z
44-45
Parameter Code 0009h
46
DU
Obsolete
TSD
ETC
TMC
TMC
FMT & Linking
47
Parameter Length = 4
48-51
Accumulated Transitions to Standby_Y
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
149
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
FMT & Linking
18.7.15 Log Sense Page 2F
This page contains SMART Status and Temperature Reading.
Table 125
Log Sense Page 2F
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 8
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
0
Page Code = 2Fh
1
6
1
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 04h
8
SMART Sense Code Byte
9
SMART Sense Qualifier
10
Most Recent Temperature Reading
11
Vendor HDA Temperature Trip Point
F&L = 11b
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
150
18.7.16 Log Sense Page 30
This page contains Performance Counters.
Table 126
Log Sense Page 30
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0030h
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU = 0
0
Page Code = 30h
1
6
1
DS = 0
TSD = 0 ETC = 0
TMC = 0
7
Parameter Length = 2Ch
8-9
Zero Seeks
10-11
Seeks > = to 2/3
12-13
Seeks > = 1/3 and < 2/3
14-15
Seeks > = 1/6 and < 1/3
16-17
Seeks > = 1/12 and < 1/6
18-19
Seeks > 0 and < 1/12
20-23
Reserved = 0
24-25
Overrun Counter
26-27
Under run Counter
28-31
Device Cache Full Read Hits
32-35
Device Cache Partial Read Hits
36-39
Device Cache Write Hits
40-43
Device Cache Fast Writes
44-47
Device Cache Read Misses
48-51
Reserved = 0
F&L = 00b
Page 30h returns performance counter information. This includes seek counters and buffer overrun/under run
counters.
The appropriate seek counter is incremented once during execution of Pre-Fetch, Read, Verify, Write, Write and
Verify, Write Same, and Seek commands.
Buffer Overrun conditions are detected during Read commands.
Buffer Under run conditions are detected during Verify with ByteChk=1, Write, Write and Verify, and Write Same
commands.
Only one seek counter is incremented for each of these commands and the counter is incremented only once per
command. The length of the initial seek that is required to access the first Logical Block specified for the SCSI
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
151
command determines which seek counter is incremented. The Zero Seek counter is incremented if a seek is not
required or if only a head switch is required to access the first Logical Block. After the initial seek, no further counter
incrementing is performed for that command.
Note:
The length of a seek as reported in page 30 may differ from expected results. The reason for this is that
the drive executes Idle Time Functions between operations of the drive. The seek operations that occur in Idle Time
Functions are not directly entered into page 30 seek counters but they change the length of the following seek. This
is because after the Idle Time Function is completed, the heads will not necessarily be in the same position as they
were at the completion of the previous command.
A buffer overrun or under run condition occurs when the Initiator does not transfer data to or from the Target data
buffer fast enough to keep up with reading or writing the media. The buffer overrun counter is incremented during
operations that require a Data In phase when a buffer full condition prevents the continued transfer of data from the
media to the data buffer. The buffer under run counter is incremented during operations that require a Data Out
phase when a buffer empty condition prevents the start or continuation of a data transfer from the data buffer to the
media (or a data transfer from the media for a Verify command with BytChk=1).
Buffer Overrun conditions are detected during the following SCSI commands:
- READ (6)
- READ (10)
Buffer Under Run conditions are detected during the following SCSI commands:
- VERIFY WITH BytChk=1
- VERIFY (16) WITH BytChk=1
- WRITE (6)
-
WRITE (10)
WRITE AND VERIFY
WRITE AND VERIFY (16)
-
WRITE SAME
WRITE SAME (16)
ZERO SEEKS
The number of times no seek was required. The operation may have resulted in a head switch.
-
SEEKS >= 2/3 DISK
The number of seeks equal to or greater than 2/3 of the disk.
-
SEEKS >= 1/3 AND < 2/3 DISK
The number of seeks equal to or greater than 1/3 and less than 2/3 of the disk.
-
SEEKS >= 1/6 AND < 1/3 DISK
The number of seeks equal to or greater than 1/6 and less than 1/3 of the disk.
-
SEEKS >= 1/12 AND < 1/6 DISK
The number of seeks equal to or greater than 1/12 and less than 1/6 of the disk.
-
SEEKS > 0 AND < 1/12 DISK
The number of seeks less than 1/12 of the disk.
-
OVERRUN COUNTER
The number of times that data was available to be transferred from the media but the device buffer still
contained data that had not been retrieved by the Initiator. Consequently, the disk had to take additional
revolutions until the buffer was available to accept data.
-
UNDER RUN COUNTER
The number of times that the drive was ready to transfer data to its disk (on a write), but its buffer was empty
(i.e., had not been filled by the Initiator), thus the disk was forced to take extra revolutions.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
152
-
DEVICE CACHE FULL READ HITS
The number of times that all of the data requested by the read operation was obtained from the device read or
write cache.
-
DEVICE CACHE PARTIAL READ HITS
The number of times that a portion, but not all, of the data requested by the read operation was obtained from
the device read or write cache. A physical operation to the device media was required to obtain the remaining
data.
-
DEVICE CACHE WRITE HITS
The number of times that the data associated with a write operation replaces, or is combined with, existing data
in the device write cache, thereby eliminating a write operation.
-
DEVICE CACHE FAST WRITES
The number of times that space was available in the device write cache for the data associated with a write
operation and a response was returned immediately.
-
DEVICE CACHE READ MISSES
The number of times that none of the data requested by the read operation was obtained from the read cache.
The statistics reported by this page are lost on a self-initiated reset or when the Drive is powered off. Even though
the DS field equals 0, the parameters on this page are not savable.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
153
18.7.17 Log Sense Page 37
This page contains a series of miscellaneous data counters including information about predictive failure analysis
occurrences.
Table 127
Byte
Log Sense Page 37
Bit
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
Reserved
2-3
Page Length = 0030h (48)
4-5
Parameter Code = 0000h
DU=0
DS=0
7
0
Page Code = 37h
1
6
1
TSD=0
ETC=0
TMC = 0
F&L = 00b
Parameter Length = 2Ch
(MSB)
8 - 11
Power on Hours (hours only)
(LSB)
(MSB)
12 - 19
Total Bytes Read
(LSB)
(MSB)
20 - 27
Total Bytes Written
(LSB)
28
Max Drive Temp (degrees Celsius)
(MSB)
29 - 30
GList Size
(LSB)
31
32
Number of Information Exceptions
MED EXC
HDW EXC
Reserved = 0
33 - 40
Total Read Commands
41 - 48
Total Write Commands
49
Reserved = 0
50-51
Flash Correction Count
The Power on Hours field specifies the total time the drive has been powered on in hours only.
The Max. Drive Temperature field specifies the maximum temperature, in degrees Celsius, the drive has ever
reached.
The Glist Size field gives the total number of LBAs that have been reassigned on the drive.
The Number of Information Exceptions field gives the number of Information Exceptions during the life of the drive
and not the number of Information Exceptions that have been reported. The number of reported Information
Exceptions may be less due to the settings of Mode Page 0x1C.NOTE: This field does not include occurrences of
any Information Exception Warnings.
If set, the Media Exception and Hardware Exception bits indicate that an Information Exception has occurred
during the life of the drive. These flags are set during an Information Exception that may or may not coincide with the
reporting of an Information Exceptions as mentioned above.
Total Read Commands counter is incremented for each Read (6) and Read (10) command received.
Total Write Commands counter is incremented for each Write (6), Write (10), Write Verify and Write Verify (16)
command received.
Flash Correction Count is incremented each time ECC correction is applied to data stored in Flash ROM.
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154
18.8
MODE SELECT (15)
Table 128 Mode Select (15)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 15h
Reserved = 0
PF=1
Reserved = 0
2
3
Reserved = 0
4
Parameter List Length
5
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
SP
LINK
The MODE SELECT (15) command provides a means for the Initiator to specify LUN or device parameters to the
Target. It also allows an Initiator to specify options the Target uses in error recovery, caching, and formatting.
There is a single set of Mode Page parameters shared by all Initiators.
- PF A PF (Page Format) bit value of one indicates that the data sent by the Initiator after the Mode Select
Header and the Block Descriptor, if any, complies to the Page Format. The Target ignores this field since it only
accepts mode parameters in the Page Format.
- SP Save Pages. This indicates
-
Parameter List Length This specifies the number of bytes to be sent from the Initiator. A parameter list length
of zero suppresses data transfer and is not considered an error.
- 0
The drive shall not save the pages sent during the Data Out phase but will use them for all following
commands until the power is removed, a reset is received, or a new MODE SELECT command is
received.
- 1
The drive will save the data in the reserved area of the disk. It will be used for all the following
commands until another MODE SELECT command is issued. This information is maintained over a
power cycle or reset of the drive.
The MODE SELECT parameter list contains a 4-byte header followed by zero or one block descriptor followed by
zero or more pages. The pages that are valid with this command are defined in the addendum under the heading
Mode Select Data, as they vary with the drive model.
Application Note
The Initiator should issue a MODE SENSE command requesting all Changeable values (see PCF field in byte two of
the CDB in) prior to issuing a MODE SELECT command. This is necessary to find out which pages are implemented
by the drive and the length of those pages. In the Pages of the MODE SENSE command the drive will return the
number of bytes supported for each Page. The Page Length set by the Initiator in the MODE SELECT command
must be the same value as returned by the drive in MODE SENSE Page Length. If not, the drive will return Check
Condition status with sense key of Illegal Request.
Note:
If an Initiator sends a MODE SELECT command that changes any parameters that apply to other Initiators,
the drive shall generate a unit attention condition for all Initiators except for the one that issued the MODE SELECT
command. The drive shall set the additional sense code to Parameters Changed (2Ah).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
155
18.9
MODE SELECT (55)
Table 129 Mode Select (55)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 55h
1
Reserved = 0
2-6
PF=1
Reserved = 0
SP
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The MODE SELECT (55) command provides a means for the Initiator to specify LUN or device parameters to the
Target. See the MODE SELECT (15) command for a description of the fields in this command.
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156
18.10 MODE SENSE (1A)
Table 130 Mode Sense (1A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 1Ah
1
Reserved= 0
2
PCF
RSVD
DBD
Page Code
3
Subpage Code
4
Allocation Length
5
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The MODE SENSE (1A) command provides a means for the drive to report various device parameters to the Initiator.
It is the complement to the MODE SELECT command.
If the DBD (Disable Block Descriptor) bit is zero, the Target will return a Block Descriptor. If the DBD bit is set to 1,
the Target will not return a Block Descriptor.
Allocation Length indicates the maximum number of bytes that the Initiator has set aside for the DATA IN phase. A
value of zero is not considered an error. If the allocation length is smaller than the amount available, that portion of
the data up to the allocation length will be sent. This may result in only a portion of a multi-byte field being sent.
Page Control Field: PCF (Page Control Field) defines the type of Page Parameter values to be returned.
PCF
Meaning
-
0 0 Report current values. The drive returns the current values under which the logical unit is presently
configured for the page code specified. The current values returned are
1.
Initially following power-up but before the media is accessed, the default values become current. Once
the media can be accessed, the saved values are read from the Reserved Area and become current.
2. The parameters set in the last successful MODE SELECT command.
3. The saved values if a MODE SELECT command has not been executed since the last power-on, hard
RESET condition, or TARGET RESET message.
Following the completion of start-up, execution of the MODE SELECT command can modify the current
values.
Note: Those parameters associated with format are not considered current and are not saved until the successful
completion of a FORMAT UNIT command.
In addition, the current values take on the saved values after a reset if the parameters were saved. If the Page Code is
3Fh, then all pages implemented by the Target are returned to the Initiator with fields and bit values set to current
values.
If the Page Code is not 3Fh, the page defined by the Page Code, if supported by the Target, is returned with fields and
bits set to current values.
Note: The drive will not process the MODE SELECT command until the completion of spin-up. Therefore, the Initiator
cannot modify the current values prior to the saved values being read in.
-
0 1 Report changeable value. The drive returns the changeable values for the page code specified. The page
requested is returned containing information that indicates which fields are changeable. All bits of parameters
that are changeable shall be set to one. Parameters that are defined by the drive shall be set to zero. If any part
of a field is changeable, all bits in that field shall be set to one.
Note: For a value field such as the buffer ratios of page 2 the bit field will not indicate the range of supported values but
rather that the field is supported.
-
1 0 Report default value. The drive returns the default values for the page code specified. The parameters not
supported by the drive are set to zero.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
157
-
1 1 Report saved value. The drive returns the saved value for the page code specified.
Saved values are one of the following:
- the values saved as a result of MODE SELECT command
- identical to the default values
- zero when the parameters are not supported
The Page Length byte value of each page returned by the drive indicates up to which fields are supported on
that page.
Page Code: This field specifies which page or pages to return. Page code usage is defined in the figure below.
Table 131
Page Code Usage
Page Code Description
00h - 1Ch
3Fh
Return specific page, if supported.
Return all supported pages.
If a Page Code of 3Fh is used, MODE SENSE returns the pages in ascending order with one exception. Page 0 is
always returned last in response to a MODE SENSE command.
If an unsupported page is selected, the command is terminated with a CHECKCONDITION status and available
sense of ILLEGAL REQUEST/INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
Subpage Code: This field specifies the subpage to return, and may be set to a specific page, or to FFh for all
supported subpages.
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158
18.10.1 Mode Parameter List
The mode parameter list contains a header followed by zero or one block descriptors followed by zero or more
variable length pages.
18.10.1.1 Header
The header used for the 6-byte CDB is defined below.
Table 132 Mode parameter header (6)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Mode Data Length
1
Medium Type = 0
2
WP=0
Reserved=0
DPOFUA = 1
3
1
0
Reserved = 0
Block Descriptor Length (= 0 or 8)
The header used for the 10-byte CDB is defined below.
Table 133 Mode parameter header (10)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-1
Mode Data Length
(LSB)
2
3
Medium Type = 0
WP=0
4
Reserved=0
DPOFUA =1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
5
Long LBA
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
6-7
Block Descriptor Length
(LSB)
-
-
-
-
Mode Data Length. When using the MODE SENSE command, the mode data length field specifies the length
in bytes of the following data that is available to be transferred. The mode data length does not include the
length byte itself. When using the MODE SELECT command, this field is reserved.
Medium Type field is always set to zero in the drive (Default Medium Type).
WP. When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Write Protect (WP) bit is reserved.
When used with the MODE SENSE command, a Write Protect (WP) bit of zero indicates that the medium is
write enabled.
DPOFUA bit value of 1 indicates that the Target supports the FUA and DPO bits in the Read and Write
Commands.
LONGLBA bit value of 0 indicates that any following Block Descriptor uses the Short LBA Block Descriptor
format. A LONGLBA bit value of 1 indicates that any following Block Descriptor uses the Long LBA Block
Descriptor format
Block Descriptor Length specifies the length in bytes of the block descriptor. Values of 0, 8, and 16 are
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
159
supported by the Target, respectively corresponding to an absent Block Descriptor, a single Short LBA Block
Descriptor, and a single Long LBA Block Descriptor.
Note: DPOFUA is ignored during Mode Select command processing although the SCSI Standard states that it is
reserved during Mode Select. Ignoring it allows the Mode Sense Parameter List for the byte containing this bit
to be re-used as a Mode Select Parameter List.
18.10.1.2 Block Descriptors
Table 134
Short LBA Mode Parameter Block Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
4
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
5-7
Block Length
(LSB)
Table 135
Long LBA Mode Parameter Block Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-7
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
8-11
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12-15
Block Length
(LSB)
The Block descriptor provides formatting information about the Number of Blocks (user addressable) to format at the
specified Block Length.
- Number of Blocks, when used with the MODE SELECT command, indicates the number of blocks to
format
-
-
Zero to indicate not to change available blocks
-
0xFFFFFFFF (Short LBA) or 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF (Long LBA) to indicate all available blocks
-
The exact number of blocks in the data area of the drive, which can be obtained with the MODE SENSE
-
The number of blocks less than exact one, in order to CLIP the number of blocks
Any other value is invalid and causes the command to fail with Check Condition status.
When returned by the MODE SENSE command, the field contains the exact number of blocks.
Block Length field reflects the number of bytes of user data per sector (not including any protection
information). When used with the MODE SELECT command, the Block Length field must contain a value
from 512, 520, 528 or zero for all models and 4096, 4112, 4160, 4224 for models which support format with
4k nominal block sizes. Otherwise the drive will terminate the command with Check Condition status.
A FORMAT UNIT command is required to cause these parameters to become current only if the block length
parameter is different from the current block length.
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160
18.10.1.3 Page Descriptor
Table 136 Mode Parameter Page Format
Byte 0
PS
SPF
Page Code
Byte 1
Page Length
Byte 2-n
Mode Parameters
Each mode page contains a page code, a page length, and a set of mode parameters.
When using the MODE SENSE command, a Parameter Savable (PS) bit of one indicates that the mode page can be
saved by the drive in the reserved area of the drive. A PS bit of zero indicates that the supported parameters cannot
be saved. When using the MODE SELECT command, the PS bit is reserved (zero).
SPF (Sub-Page Format) is set to zero to indicate the short page format is used. The bit is set to one to indicate the
long format is used, supporting sub-pages. The drive supports the following mode page codes:
Table 137 Mode Parameter Page Format
Page
Description
PS
00
Vendor Unique Parameters
1
01
Read-Write Error Recovery Parameters
1
02
Disconnect/Reconnect Control Parameters
1
03
Format Device Parameters
0
04
Rigid Disk Geometry Parameters
0
07
Verify Error Recovery Parameters
1
08
Caching Parameters
1
0A
Control Mode Page
1
0C
Notch Parameters
1
19
Port Control Page
1
1A
Power Control Parameters
1
1C
Informational Exceptions Control
1
The page length field specifies the length in bytes of the mode parameters that follow. If the Initiator does not set this
value to the value that is returned for the page by the MODE SENSE command, the drive will terminate the
command with Check Condition status.
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18.10.2 Mode Page 00 (Vendor Unique Parameters)
Table 138
Vendor Unique Parameters - Page 00
Bit
Byte
0
Default
7
6
PS
0
5
4
1
0
80h
Page Length = 0Eh
2
Reserved
Reserved
0Eh
MRG
VGMDE
Reserved
Reserved
4
Ignored
RRNDE Reserved
Reserved
5
6
2
Page Code = 00h
1
3
3
Reserved
IGRA
AVERP
FDD
00h
00h
00h
Reserved
Reserved
CAEN
Ignored
OCT (high nibble)
02h
00h
7
Overall Command Timer (low byte)
00h
8
Reserved
00h
9
Temperature Threshold
00h
10
Command Aging Limit (Hi byte)
00h
11
Command Aging Limit (Low byte)
30h
12
Read Reporting Threshold
16h
13
Write Reporting Threshold
14h
14
DRRT
Ignored
FFMT
15
Ignored
Reserved FCERT Ignored
Reserved
Ignored
Ignored
Reserved
00h
00h
Fields marked in the table as 'Ignored' are not used or checked by the drive. They will be initialized to zero but can be
set as desired for compatibility with older drives.
- MRG (Merge Glist into Plist) bit is set to 1 for merging the Glist entries into the Plist during FORMAT UNIT
command.
- VGMDE (Veggie Mode) bit set to 1 will cause the drive to execute random self-seeks. To enable this mode, the
initiator must perform the mode select to set the bit while the drive is spinning, then Stop Unit, then Start Unit.
VGMDE set to 0 disables the self-seeks (normal operation).
- RRNDE (Report Recovered Non Data Errors) bit controls the reporting of recovered Non Data Errors when the
PER bit is set. If RRNDE is set, recovered Non Data Errors are reported. If the RRNDE bit is not set, then
recovered Non Data Errors are not reported.
- FDD (Format Degraded Disable) controls the reporting of Format Degraded sense data for Test Unit Ready
commands when the drive is in a format degraded state. When the FDD bit is one, Format Degraded sense
data will not be reported for a Test Unit Ready command. When the FDD bit is zero, Format Degraded sense
data will be reported for Test Unit Ready commands when the drive is in a format degraded state. This bit does
not affect the reporting of Format Degraded conditions for any media access commands.
- CAEN (Command Aging Enable) When set this bit causes the Command Age Limit timer to be used to avoid
commands waiting in the command queue for an indefinite period. When commands have been in the queue for
a period of time greater than the timer limit they will be reordered to be executed on a first come first served
basis. When this bit is reset, commands are always executed based on the queue reordering rules.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
162
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
IGRA (Ignore Reassigned LBA) bit works in conjunction with the RC bit (Mode Page 01h, byte 2, bit 4).The main
purpose of this bit is to avoid undesirable read processing time delays due to reassigned LBA processing for
continuous data availability requirements such as Audio Visual applications. If IGRA is set to one and RC is set
to one, out-of-line reassigned LBAs will not be processed. If IGRA is set to one and RC is set to zero, or if IGRA
is set to zero, reassigned LBAs will be processed normally.
AVERP (AV ERP Mode) bit is set to one in order to specify maximum retry counts during Read DRP. When
AVERP bit is set to one, the maximum retry counts for read operations is specified by Read Retry Count (Mode
Page 1 Byte 3). AVERP bit is set to zero to specify that the drive shall process read DRP up to the default
maximum retry count when Read Retry Count is set to a non-zero value.
OCT (Overall Command Timer) controls the maximum command execution time, from receipt by the drive until
status is returned. If the command is unable to complete in the specified amount of time, it will be aborted with
Check Condition status, Aborted Command sense key. The Overall Command Timer does not alter the
behavior of the Command Aging Limit or Recovery Time Limit. Each unit of this timer is 50 milliseconds. Setting
the value to zero disable the feature.
Temperature Threshold Temperature Threshold specifies the threshold value in degrees Celsius for the
thermal sensor Information Exception Warning; the reporting of which is controlled by Mode Page 0x1C. A value
of 0 selects the default value (85 degrees Celsius).
Command Aging Limit This value controls the maximum time a command should wait in the command queue
when the CAEN bit is set. Each unit of this timer is 50ms.
Read Reporting Threshold specifies the recovery step that must be exceeded to report recovered data errors
during read operations when PER=1.For example, if the Read Reporting Threshold is set to 22, recovered read
errors will be reported starting at recovery step 23
Write Reporting Threshold specifies the recovery step that must be exceeded to report recovered data errors
during write operations when PER=1.For example, if the Write Reporting Threshold is set to 20, recovered write
errors will be reported starting at recovery step 21.
DRRT (Disable Restore Reassign Target) bit disables the reading and restoration of the target LBA during a
Reassign Blocks command. If the DRRT bit is zero, the reassign command attempts to restore the target LBA's
data. If the data cannot be restored, the target LBA is reassigned and written with a data pattern of all 00s. If the
DRRT bit is one, no attempt is made to restore the target LBA.
FFMT (Fast Format Enable) bit allows the formatting of the drive without any writes to the customer media. All
format operations are allowed including changing block sizes and manipulating defects. The drive will operate
normally after a fast format with the following caveat: since no data is written to any customer data blocks as a
result of a Fast Format operation, there is a possibility that a read attempt to any particular block (without having
previously written to that block) will result in an unrecoverable data error. This will most likely happen if the block
size is changed as every LBA will contain data of an incorrect length and apparently an incorrect starting point.
It is also possible to generate an uncorrectable data error without changing block sizes if the defect list is
shortened and previously bad blocks become visible in the customer address space. Of course ALL DATA ON
THE DRIVE WILL BE LOST as the result of any format operation and so any attempt to read blocks which have
not been written to will result in unpredictable behavior.
FCERT (Format Certification) bit determines whether the certification step will be performed during a Format
Unit command. FCERT bit set to 0 disables certification. FCERT bit set to 1 enables the certification step.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
163
18.10.3 Mode Page 01 (Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters)
Table 139 Mode Page 01 (Vendor Unique Parameters)
Bit
Byte
0
Default
7
6
PS
0
5
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 01h
1
2
4
81h
Page Length = 0Ah
AWRE
ARRE
TB
RC
EER=0
0Ah
PER
DTE
DCR=0
C0h
3
Read Retry Count
01h
4
Obsolete = 0
00h
5
Obsolete = 0
00h
6
Obsolete = 0
00h
7
Reserved
00h
8
Write Retry Count
01h
9
Reserved
00h
Recovery Time Limit
00h
00h
10
11
(MSB)
(LSB)
The Read-Write recovery parameters that will be used during any command that performs a read or write operation
to the medium are as follows:
- AWRE Automatic Write Reallocation Enabled bit, set to one indicates that the drive shall perform automatic
reallocation of defective data blocks during write operations. AWRE bit set to zero is ignored.
- ARRE Automatic Read Reallocation Enabled bit, set to one indicates that the drive shall perform automatic
reallocation of defective data blocks during read operations. ARRE bit, set to zero is ignored.
- TB Transfer Block bit, set to one indicates that a data block that is not recovered within the recovery limits
specified shall be transferred to the Initiator before Check Condition status is returned. A TB bit set to zero
indicates that such a data block shall not be transferred to the Initiator. Data blocks that can be recovered within
the recovery limits are always transferred regardless of the value of the bit.
- RC Read Continuous bit, set to one requests the Target to transfer the entire requested length of data without
adding delays that would increase or ensure data integrity. This implies that the Target may send erroneous
data. This bit has priority over all other error control bits (PER, DTE, DCR, TB). RC set to zero indicates normal
interpretation of PER, DTE, DCR, and TB values. The RC bit setting is used by the Target when reporting errors
associated with the transfer of the Initiator's data for the Read commands interpretation of PER, DTE, DCR, and
TB values. The RC bit applies only to READ commands.
Note: The Target implementation of the RC option is to disable error detection of the data fields but continue
normal error detection and recovery for errors occurring in the servo field. If a servo field failure occurs,
normal DRP could result in considerable recovery action, including proceeding through all levels of DRP.
-
-
EER an Enable Early Recovery bit, must be set to zero, indicating that the drive shall use an error recovery
procedure that minimizes the risk of misdetection or miscorrection during the data transfer. Data shall not be
fabricated.
PER Post Error bit, is set to one to indicate that the drive reports recovered errors.
DTE Data Terminate on Error bit, set to one specifies that data transfer will be halted when the first recovered
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
164
-
-
error is encountered. PER must be set to one when DTE is set to one. DTE set to zero will cause data transfer
to continue when recovered errors are encountered.
DCR - Reserved
Read Retry Count sets a limit on the amount of DRP passes in which the Target attempts to recover read
errors. A value of zero disables all data recovery procedures. When AVERP bit (Mode Page 0 Byte 6 Bit 6) is
zero, a value of non-zero in Read Retry Count enables all steps of DRP. When AVERP bit is one, the number in
Read Retry Count sets the maximum retry count of DRP.
Write Retry Count sets a limit on the amount of DRP passes in which the Target attempts to recover write
errors. A value of zero disables all data recovery procedures.
Recovery Time Limit indicates the period in 1 millisecond increments for the maximum recovery time of a
single LBA. The value must be from 40 ms to 65535 ms (65.5 seconds).The granularity of the timer is 50ms. If
an LBA is not able to be recovered within the limit, a Check Condition will be returned. The Recovery Time Limit
will not be applied to Writes when WCE=1. A value of zero disables the timer.
The following summarizes valid modes of operation. If an illegal mode is set, the MODE SELECT command will
complete successfully but the action of the drive when an error occurs is undefined.
PERDTEDCRTB
DESCRIPTION
0000
Retries and Error Correction are attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both
are transferred with no Check Condition status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates
the Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
Retries and Error Correction are attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both
are transferred with no Check Condition status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates the
Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
0001
0010
Retries are attempted but no error correction (LDPC) is applied. Recovered data (if any)
are transferred with no Check Condition status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates
the Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
0011
Retries are attempted but no error correction (LDPC) is applied. Recovered data (if any)
are transferred with no Check Condition status at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates the
Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
165
0100
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero.
0101
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero.
0110
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero.
0111
Illegal Request-DTE must be zero when PER is zero.
1000
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction are
attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will contain the LBA
of the last recovered error.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates
the Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
1001
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction are
attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will contain the LBA
of the last recovered error.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates
the Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
1010
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries are attempted but LDPC is
not applied. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer length is exhausted. Transferred data includes blocks containing
recovered errors. The information byte in the sense data will contain the LBA
of the last recovered error.
hard err
Data transfer stops when an unrecoverable error is encountered. The
unrecoverable block is not transferred to the Initiator. The drive then creates
the Check Condition status with the appropriate sense key.
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction are
attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer stops on the first soft error detected. The information in the sense
data shall contain the LBA of the block in error.
hard err
Data transfer stops on the unrecoverable error. The unrecoverable error block
is not returned to the Initiator. The drive then creates the Check Condition
status with the appropriate sense key.
1011
1100
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction are
attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer stops on the first soft error detected. The information in the sense
data shall contain the LBA of the block in error.
hard err
Data transfer stops on the unrecoverable error. The unrecoverable error block
is not returned to the Initiator. The drive then creates the Check Condition
status with the appropriate sense key.
1011
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries and error correction are
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
166
attempted. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer stops on the first soft error detected. The information in the sense
data shall contain the LBA of the block in error.
hard err
Data transfer stops on the unrecoverable error. The unrecoverable error block
is returned to the Initiator. The drive then creates the Check Condition status
with the appropriate sense key.
1110
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries are attempted but LDPC is
not applied. Recovered data are transferred with Check Condition status and Recovered
Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer stops on the first soft error detected. The recovered error block is
returned to the initiator. The information in the sense data shall contain the
LBA of the block in error.
hard err
Data transfer stops on the unrecoverable error. The unrecoverable error block
is not returned to the Initiator. The drive then creates the Check Condition
status with the appropriate sense key.
1111
The highest level error is reported at the end of transfer. Retries are attempted but LDPC in
not applied. Recovered or corrected data (if any) or both are transferred with Check
Condition status and Recovered Error sense key set at the end of the transfer.
no err
The transfer length is exhausted.
soft err
The transfer stops on the first soft error detected. The information in the sense
data shall contain the LBA of the block in error.
hard err
Data transfer stops on the unrecoverable error. The unrecoverable error block
is returned to the Initiator. The drive then creates the Check Condition status
with the appropriate sense key.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
167
18.10.4 Mode Page 02 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters)
Table 140 Mode Page 02 (Disconnect/Reconnect Parameters)
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 02h
Default
82h
1
Page Length = 0Eh
0Eh
2
Read Buffer Full Ratio
00h
3
Write Buffer Empty Ratio
00h
Bus Inactivity Time Limit
00h
00h
(MSB)
4-5
(LSB)
Disconnect Time Limit = 0
6-7
00h
00h
(MSB)
8-9
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
00h
0Ah
Maximum Connect Time Limit
(MSB)
10-11
Maximum Burst Size
12-13
Reserved = 0
00h
00h
14-15
First Burst Size = 0
00h
00h
The disconnect/reconnect page provides the Initiator with the means to tune the performance of the SAS Link.
The drive uses the disconnect/reconnect parameters to control when it attempts to regain control of the link during
READ (operation code 08h and 28h) and WRITE (0Ah, 2Ah and 2E).
- Read Buffer Full Ratio is the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is 256. The fraction indicates how full
the drive data buffer should be before attempting to re-arbitrate for the link. If the ratio is set to 0h, the target will
calculate and use an optimal ratio based on the negotiated transfer rate.
- Write Buffer Empty Ratio is the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is 256. The fraction indicates how
empty the drive data buffer should be before attempting to re-arbitrate for the link. If the ratio is set to 0h, the
target will calculate and use an optimal ratio based on the negotiated transfer rate. Both the Read Buffer Full
Ratio and the Write Buffer Empty Ratio pertain to the current active notch. For each active notch as defined in
page 0Ch there are separate Read Buffer Full Ratios and Write Buffer Empty Ratios. When the active notch is
set to zero, the values are applied in mode page 0Ch across all notches.
- Bus Inactivity Time Limit specifies the maximum time that the SAS target port is permitted to maintain a
connection without transferring a frame to the initiator port, specified in 100 microsecond increments. When this
value is exceeded, the target port will prepare to close the connection by transmitting DONE.A value of zero
indicates that there is no bus inactivity time limit.
- Disconnect Time Limit is not supported.
-
Maximum Connect Time Limit specifies the maximum amount of time the drive will keep a SAS connection
open. The time is specified in 100 microsecond increments. The default value of zero indicates no time limit. A
maximum value of FFFFh specifies a connection time limit of 6.55 seconds. When this time expires, the drive
will prepare to close the connection.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
168
-
-
Maximum Burst Size field indicates the maximum amount of data that the target port shall transfer during a
single data transfer operation. This value is expressed in increments of 512 bytes. A value of zero specifies
there is no limit on the amount of data transferred per data transfer operation.
First Burst Size is not supported.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
169
18.10.5 Mode Page 03 (Format Device Parameters)
Table 141 Mode Page 03 (Format Device Parameters)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 03h
1
03h
Page Length = 16h
16h
Tracks per Zone
(LSB)
xxh
xxh
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
xxh
xxh
(LSB)
xxh
xxh
(LSB)
00h
01h
(LSB)
xxh
xxh
(LSB)
xxh
xxh
(MSB)
2-3
(MSB)
4-5
Alternate Sectors per Zone = 0
(MSB)
6-7
Alternate Tracks per Zone = 0
(MSB)
8-9
Alternate Tracks per Logical Unit = 0
(MSB)
10-11
Sectors Per Track
(MSB)
12-13
Data Bytes per Physical Sector
(MSB)
14-15
Interleave = 0001h or 0000h
(MSB)
16-17
Track Skew Factor
(MSB)
18-19
20
21-23
Cylinder Skew Factor
SSEC
HSEC
RMB
SURF
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
40h
00h
00h
00h
The format device page contains parameters that specify the medium format. This page contains no changeable
parameters.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
170
-
Tracks per Zone specifies the number of tracks within the zone. This field is a function of the active notch.
Sectors per Track specifies the number of physical sectors within each track. This field is a function of the
active notch.
Data Bytes per Physical Sector specifies the number of user data bytes per physical sector. The value
depends upon the current formatted Block Length.
Interleave value of 1 or 0 is valid. However, the drive will ignore this.
Track Skew Factor indicates the number of physical sectors between the last block of one track and the first
block on the next sequential track of the same cylinder. This field is a function of the active notch.
Cylinder Skew Factor indicates the number of physical sectors between the last block of one cylinder and the
first block on the next sequential cylinder. This field is a function of the active notch.
SSEC = Zero indicates that the drive does not support soft sector formatting.
HSEC = One indicates that the drive supports hard sector formatting.
RMB = Zero indicates that the media does not support removable Fixed Disk.
SURF = Zero indicates that progressive addresses are assigned to all logical blocks in a cylinder prior to
allocating addresses within the next cylinder.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
171
18.10.6 Mode Page 04 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters)
Table 142 Mode Page 04 (Rigid Disk Drive Geometry Parameters)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 04h
04h
Page Length = 16h
16h
Number of Cylinders
xxh
xxh
xxh
(MSB)
2-4
(LSB)
5
Number of Heads
xxh
Starting Cylinder Write Pre Compensation = 0
00h
00h
00h
(MSB)
6-8
(LSB)
(MSB)
Starting Cylinder Reduced Write Current = 0
9-11
(LSB)
(MSB)
12-13
Drive Step Rate = 0 (Not used)
(LSB)
(MSB)
14-16
Landing Zone Cylinder = 0 (Not used)
(LSB)
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
17
Reserved = 0
18
Rotational Offset = 0 (Not used)
00h
19
Reserved = 0
00h
Medium Rotation Rate in RPM
3Ah
B6h
RPL = 0
(MSB)
20-21
(LSB)
22-23
Reserved = 0
The rigid disk drive geometric page specifies various parameters for the drive.
- RPL = 0, Indicates that the drive does not support spindle synchronization.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
172
00h
00h
00h
18.10.7 Mode Page 07 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters)
Table 143 Mode Page 07 (Verify Error Recovery Parameters)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 07h
1
87h
Page Length = 0Ah
2
Reserved = 0
EER=0
0Ah
PER
DTE
DCR=0
00h
3
Verify Retry Count
01h
4
Obsolete =0
00h
5-9
Reserved = 0
00h-00h
Verify Recovery Time Limit
00h
00h
(MSB)
10-11
(LSB)
The Verify recovery parameters are used by the Target when recovering from and reporting errors associated with
the verification of the Initiator's Data for the following commands:
- EER This bit is 0 since the Target does not support early recovery.
- PER (Post Error) bit is set to one to indicate that the drive reports recovered errors. The PER and DTE bit
settings in mode page 7 override those of mode page 1 during VERIFY and the Verify portion of WRITE AND
VERIFY
- DTE (Data Terminate on Error) bit set to one specifies that data transfer will be halted when the first recovered
error is encountered. PER must be set to one when DTE is set to one. DTE set to zero will cause data transfer
to continue when recovered errors are encountered
- DCR - Reserved
- Verify Retry Count sets a limit on the amount of verify recovery procedure (VRP) passes the Target attempts
when recovering verify errors. The Verify Retry Count of one causes the Target to attempt up to one VRP pass
per command when a medium error occurs during a verify operation. Only values of 0h and 01h are valid. The
value of 0h disables all recovery.
- Verify Recovery Time Limit indicates the period in 1 millisecond increments for the maximum recovery time of
a single LBA during the verify operation. The value must be from 40 ms to 65535 ms (65.5 seconds). The
granularity of the timer is 50ms. If an LBA is not able to be recovered within the limit, a Check Condition will be
returned.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
173
18.10.8 Mode Page 08 (Caching Parameters)
Table 144
Byte
0
Page 08 (Caching Parameters)
Bit
7
6
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 08h
1
88h
Page Length = 12h
2
IC
3
Demand Read Retention Priority
ABPF
CAP
DISC
SIZE
12h
WCE
MF
RCD
Write Retention Priority
(LSB)
FFh
FFh
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
FFh
FFh
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length
(MSB)
6-7
Minimum Pre-fetch
(MSB)
8-9
Maximum Pre-fetch
10-11
12
FFh
FFh
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling
FSW
13
LBCSS
DRA
Reserved = 0
00h
Number of Cache Segments
08h
Cache Segment Size
00h
00h
(MSB)
14-15
(LSB)
16
Reserved = 0
00h
Non Cache Segment Size
00h
00h
00h
(MSB)
17-19
04h
00h
(MSB)
4-5
Default
(LSB)
The caching parameters page defines parameters that affect the use of the cache.
-
-
-
-
IC (Initiator Control) bit of one specifies that the drive will honor the following parameters to control cache
segmentation and pre-fetch: SIZE, FSW, LBCSS, Number of Cache Segments, Cache Segment Size. The drive
will never pre-fetch less data than specified by ABPF, MF, Demand Read Retention Priority, Write Retention
Priority, Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length, Minimum Pre-fetch, Maximum Pre-fetch, and Maximum Pre-fetch
Ceiling, but may pre-fetch more based on internal cache algorithms. When the IC bit is set to zero, all the
parameters listed above are ignored, and an internal caching algorithm is used.
ABPF (Abort Pre-fetch) bit of one, with DRA set to zero, causes the drive to abort the pre-fetch upon receipt of a
new command. ABPF set to one takes precedence over Minimum Pre-fetch. When ABPF is zero, with DRA set
to zero, the termination of any active pre-fetch is dependant upon the other parameters in this page.
CAP (Caching Analysis Permitted) is not supported and is ignored. The IC bit can be used to enable or disable
adaptive caching.
DISC (Discontinuity) is not supported and is ignored. Pre-fetch operations will continue across cylinders, within
the limits of other caching parameters on this page.
SIZE (Size Enable) bit when set to one indicates that the Cache Segment Size is to be used to control caching
segmentation. When SIZE is set to zero, the Initiator requests that the Number of Cache Segments is to be
used to control caching segmentation.
WCE (Write Cache Enable) bit when set at zero indicates that the drive must issue Good status for WRITE (6)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
174
or WRITE (10) command only after successfully writing the data to the media. When the WCE bit is set to one,
the drive may issue Good status for a WRITE (6) or WRITE (10) command after successfully receiving the data
but before writing it to the media. When WCE = 1, the drive operates as if AWRE = 1.
Note: When WCE = 1, a SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command must be done to ensure data are written to the media
before powering down the Target.
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
MF (Multiplication Factor) bit determines how the Maximum and Minimum Pre-fetch parameters are interpreted.
If this bit is set to zero, the parameters are used as is. If the bit is set to one, the parameters are multiplied by the
number of blocks requested in the Read Command.
RCD (Read Cache Disable) bit set at zero indicates that the drive may return some or all of the data requested
by a READ (6) or READ (10) command by accessing the data buffer, not the media. An RCD bit set at one
indicates that the Target does not return any of the data requested by a READ (6) or READ (10) command by
accessing the data buffer. All of the data requested is read from the media instead.
Demand Read Retention Priority is not supported.
Write Retention Priority is not supported.
Disable Pre-fetch Transfer Length is used to prevent read-ahead after Read commands that are longer than
the specified number of blocks. If this parameter is set to zero, a read-ahead is not performed.
Minimum Pre-fetch specifies the minimum number of LBAs that the drive should after each READ command.
A value of zero indicates that read ahead should be terminated immediately after a new command arrives,
except when the new command is on the current head and track.
Maximum Pre-fetch specifies the maximum number of LBAs to read ahead after a Read command.
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling specifies the maximum number of blocks the drive should attempt to read ahead.
This field is ignored.
FSW (Force Sequential Write) is not supported and is ignored. All logical blocks will be written in sequential
order.
LBCSS (Logical Block Cache Segment Size) bit when set to one indicates that the Cache Segment Size field
units shall be interpreted as logical blocks. When it is set to zero, the Cache Segment Size field units shall be
interpreted as bytes.
DRA (Disable Read Ahead) bit when set to one request that the Target not read into the buffer any logical block
beyond the addressed logical block(s). When it is set at zero, the Target may continue to read logical blocks into
the buffer beyond the addressed logical block(s).
Number of Cache Segments field is used to select the number of data buffer cache segments. This parameter
is valid only when the SIZE bit is set at zero. It is ignored when SIZE is set at one.
Cache Segment Size field indicates the requested segment size in Bytes or Blocks, depending upon the value
of the LBCSS bit. The Cache Segment Size field is valid only when the SIZE bit is one. It is ignored when SIZE
is set at zero.
Non Cache Segment Size is not supported and is ignored.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
175
18.10.9 Mode Page 0A (Control Mode Page Parameters)
Table 145
Page 0A (Control Mode Page Parameters)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ah
1
8Ah
Page Length = 0Ah
2
TST=0
3
TMFonly=0
Queue Algorithm Modifier
DPICZ
RSVD=0
4
RSVD=0
RAC=0
UA_INTLCK_CTRL=0
SWP=0
5
ATO
TAS=0
ATMPE
RSVD=0
RWWP
0Ah
D_Sense
GLTSD=0 RLEC=0
QErr
DQue
Obsolete
00h
00h
00h
00h
6-7
Obsolete=0
00h
00h
8-9
Busy Timeout Period
00h
00h
10-11
Extended Self-test Routine Completion Time
XXh
XXh
Following are parameter options for Page 0A.
- DPICZ, Disable Protection Information Check if protect field is Zero, bit set to zero indicates that checking of
protection information bytes is enabled. A DPICZ bit set to one indicates that checking of protection
information is disabled on commands with:
- The RDPROTECT field (see SBC-3) set to zero;
- The VRPROTECT field (see SBC-3) set to zero; or
- The ORPROTECT field (see SBC-3) set to zero.
-
-
D_Sense, Descriptor Sense Data, bit controls the format in which the drive returns sense data for
CHECK_CONDITION status:
-
Setting the D_SENSE bit to 0 specifies that the drive shall return fixed format sense data for
CHECK_CONDITION.
-
Setting the D_SENSE bit to 1 specifies that the drive shall return descriptor format sense data for
CHECK_CONDITION
Queue Algorithm Modifier specifies restrictions on the algorithm used for reordering commands that are
tagged with the SIMPLE message.
- 0h: Restricted reordering. The Target shall reorder the actual execution sequence of the queued
commands from each Initiator such that data integrity is maintained for that Initiator.
- 1h: Unrestricted reordering allowed. The Target may reorder the actual execution sequence of the
queued commands in any manner it selects. Any data integrity exposures related to command
sequence order are explicitly handled by the Initiator through the selection of appropriate commands
and queue tag messages.
- 2h-7h: RESERVED.
- 8: Command reordering is disabled
- 9-Fh: RESERVED
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
176
-
QErr (Queue Error Management) the queue error management (QERR) field specifies how the device
server shall handle blocked tasks when another task receives a Check Condition status.
- 00b: Specifies that all tasks from all Initiators are blocked from execution when a Continent
Allegiance (CA condition) is pending. Those blocked tasks are allowed to resume execution in a
normal fashion after the CA condition is cleared.
- 01b: Specifies that all tasks from all Initiators are aborted when the Target returns Check Condition
status. A unit attention condition will be generated for each Initiator that had commands in the queue
except for the Initiator that received the Check Condition status. The sense key will be set to Unit
Attention and the additional sense code will be set to Commands Cleared by Another Initiator.
- 10b: Reserved
- 11b: Blocked tasks in the task set belonging to the Initiator to which a Check Condition status is
sent shall be aborted when the status is sent.
-
DQue (Disable Queuing) bit set at zero specifies that tagged queuing shall be enabled if the Target supports
tagged queuing. A DQue bit set at one specifies that tagged queuing shall be disabled. Command queuing is
always enabled on the drive, therefore this bit is ignored.
ATO (Application Tag Owner) bit set to one specifies that the contents of the Logical Block Application Tag
field in the protection information, if any, shall not be modified by the drive. An ATO bit set to zero specifies
that the contents of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information, if any, may be
modified by the drive. If the ATO bit is set to zero, the drive will ignore the contents of the Logical Block
Application Tag field in the protection information.
ATMPE (Application Tag Mode Page Enabled) bit set to zero specifies that the Application Tag mode page
(see SBC-3) is disabled and the contents of logical block application tags are not defined by this standard.
An ATMPE bit set to one specifies that the Application Tag mode page is enabled.
- If:
-
-
-
-
-
the ATMPE is set to one;
the ATO bit is set to one;
the value in the DPICZ bit allows protection information checking for the specified command; and
the APP_CHK bit is set to one in the Extended Inquiry VPD page;
then:
knowledge of the value of the Application Tag shall come from the values in the Application Tag
mode page as specified by the DPICZ bit.
RWWP (Reject Write Without Protection) bit set to zero specifies that write commands without protection
information (see SBC-3) shall be processed. A RWWP bit set to one specifies that write commands without
protection information received by a device server that has been formatted with protection information shall
be terminated with CHECK CONDITION status with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the
additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB
Busy Timeout Period is ignored
Extended Self-test Routine Completion Time specifies the time in seconds that the device server requires
to complete an extended self-test provided the device server is not interrupted by subsequent commands
and no errors occur during processing of the self-test. A value of FFFFh indicates that the extended self-test
takes 65,535 seconds or longer. See also the EXTENDED SELF-TEST COMPLETION MINUTES field in
the Extended INQUIRY Data VPD page.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
177
18.10.9.1 Control Extension Subpage 01h
Table 146
Control Extension Subpage
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
5
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ah
4Ah
1
Subpage Code = 1
01h
2-3
Page Length = 001Ch
00h
1Ch
4
Reserved = 0
5
TCMOS=0 SCSIP=0 IALUAE = 0
Reserved = 0
Initial Priority = 0
00h
00h
6
Maximum Sense Data Length
00h
7-31
Reserved = 0
00h-00h
-
-
TCMOS (Timestamp Changeable By Methods Outside This Standard): set to zero to specify that the
timestamp shall not be changed by any method except those defined by this standard.
SCSIP (SCSI Precedence): set to zero to specify that methods outside this standard may change the
timestamp and that the SET TIMESTAMP command is illegal.
IALUAE (Implicit Asymmetric Logical Unit Access Enabled): set to zero to specify that implicitly
managed transitions between primary target port asymmetric access states are disallowed and indicates
that implicitly managed transitions between primary target port asymmetric access states are disallowed or
not supported.
Initial Command Priority: set to zero to indicate that the device server does not support priorities with the
SET PRIORITY command.
Maximum Sense Data Length: specifies the maximum number of bytes of sense data the device server
shall return in the same I_T_L_Q nexus transaction as the status. A Maximum Sense Data Length field set
to zero specifies that there is no limit. The device server shall not return more sense data bytes in the same
I_T_L_Q nexus transaction as the status than the smaller of the length indicated by the:
- Maximum Sense Data length field; and
- Maximum Supported Sense Data Length field in the Extended INQUIRY VPD page (Page 86h).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
178
18.10.9.2 Control Extension Subpage 02h
Table 147
Application Tag mode page:
Bit
Byte
0
7
6
5
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
0
1
0
Page Code = 0Ah
1
Subpage Code = 02h
2-3
Page Length = n-4
4-15
Reserved = 0
16-39
Application Tag descriptor [first]
...
...
(n-24)-n
Application Tag descriptor [last]
Table 148
1
Application Tag descriptor format
Bit
Byte
7
0
Last
6
5
4
3
2
Reserved = 0
1-5
Reserved = 0
6-7
Logical Block Application Tag
8-15
Logical Block Address
16-23
Logical Block Count
-
A LAST bit set to one specifies that this Application Tag descriptor is the last valid Application Tag descriptor in
the Application Tag mode page. A LAST bit set to zero specifies that the Application Tag descriptor is not the
last valid Application Tag descriptor in the Application Tag mode page.
-
The LOGICAL BLOCK APPLICATION TAG field specifies the value to be compared with the LOGICAL LOCK
APPLICATION TAG field associated with data read or written to the LBA.
The LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field contains the starting LBA for this Application Tag descriptor. The
LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field in the first Application Tag descriptor shall be set to
0000_0000_0000_0000h. For subsequent Application Tag descriptors, the contents of the LOGICAL BLOCK
ADDRESS field shall contain the sum of the values in:
a) The LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field in the previous Application Tag descriptor; and
b) The LOGICAL BLOCK COUNT field in the previous Application Tag descriptor.
The sum of the LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field in the Application Tag descriptor with the LAST bit set to one and
the LOGICAL BLOCK COUNT field in the Application Tag descriptor with the LAST bit set to one shall equal the
RETURNED LOGICAL BLOCK ADDRESS field in the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data (see 18.23 “READ
CAPACITY (16)”).
If an invalid combination of the LAST bit, LOGICAL BLOCK APPLICATION TAG field, and LOGICAL BLOCK
ADDRESS field are sent by the application client, then the device server shall terminate the MODE SELECT
command(see SPC-4) with CHECK CONDITION status with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the
-
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
179
additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
-
The LOGICAL BLOCK COUNT field specifies the number of logical blocks to which this Application Tag
descriptor applies.
A LOGICAL BLOCK COUNT field set to 0000_0000_0000_0000h specifies that this Application Tag descriptors
shall be ignored.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
180
18.10.10 Mode Page 0C (Notch Parameters)
Table 149
Page 0C (Notch Parameters)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 0Ch
1
8Ch
Page Length = 16h
2
ND=1
LPN=0
3
16h
Reserved = 0
80h
Reserved = 0
00h
Maximum Number of Notches
(LSB)
XXh
XXh
(LSB)
00h
00h
(LSB)
XXh
XXh
(LSB)
XXh
XXh
(MSB)
4-5
(MSB)
6-7
Active Notch
(MSB)
8-11
Starting Boundary
(MSB)
12-15
Ending Boundary
(MSB)
16-23
Pages Notched
(LSB)
0000h
0000h
0000h
100Ch
The notch page contains parameters for direct-access devices that implement a variable number of blocks per
cylinder. Each section of the logical unit with a different number of blocks per cylinder is referred as a notch. The only
field that is changeable is the Active Notch field.
-
-
ND = One meaning that this device is a notched drive.
LPN = Zero meaning that the notches are based upon physical parameters of the drive (cylinder #), not logical
parameters.
Maximum Number of Notches is the number of notches the drive can support. This value is drive model
dependent.
Active Notch indicates to which notch subsequent MODE SELECT/SENSE command parameters pertain. A
value of 0 is used for parameter values which apply to all notches. Values from 1 to the maximum value
depending on the model specify the notch number, where notch 1 is the outermost notch. Following mode
parameters are based on the current active notch:
Mode Page 2
-
Read Buffer Full Ratio
- Write Buffer Empty Ratio
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
181
-
Mode Page 3
-
Alternate Sector per Zone
-
Alternate Track per Zone
-
Alternate Track per Logical Unit
-
Sector per Track
-
Track Skew Factor
- Cylinder Skew Factor
Starting Boundary contains the first physical location of the active notch. The first three bytes are the cylinder
number and the last byte is the head. The value sent in this field is ignored.
- Ending Boundary contains the last physical location of the active notch. The first three bytes are the cylinder
number and the last byte is the head. The value sent in this field is ignored.
- Pages Notched is a bit map of the mode page codes that indicates which pages contain parameters that may
be different for different notches. The most significant bit of this field corresponds to page code 3Fh and the
least significant bit corresponds to page code 00h. If a bit is one, then the corresponding mode page contains
parameters that may be different for different notches. If a bit is zero, then the corresponding mode page
contains parameters that are constant for all notches.
-
18.10.11 Mode Page 18h
(SAS only)
Table 150
Page 18h (Protocol-Specific Logical Unit mode page)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS=0
SPF=0
1
2
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 18h
Page Length = 6h
Reserved
Transport Layer Retries=0
18h
6h
Protocol Identifier = 6h
6h
3
Reserved = 0
00h
4-7
Reserved
00h-00h
This page defined protocol-specific parameters that affect the logical unit.
-
Transport Layer Retries is unchangeable and set to zero. The drive does not support Transport Layer Retries as
defined in SAS 1.1.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
182
18.10.12 Mode Page 19h (Port Control Parameters)
The Protocol-Specific Port mode page contains parameters that affect SSP target port operation. There is one copy
of the mode page shared by all SSP initiator ports.
18.10.12.1 Short Format of Port Control Page
Table 151
Short (Port Control Parameters) Short Format
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
SPF=0
1
2
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 19h
99h
Page Length = 0Eh
Broadcast
Ready LED
Reserved Continue AWT Asynchronous
Meaning
Event
3
0Eh
Protocol Identifier = 6h
Reserved
06h
00h
(MSB)
4-5
I_T Nexus Loss Timer
07h-D0h
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-7
Initiator Response Timeout
07h-D0h
(LSB)
(MSB)
8-9
Reject to Open Limit
(LSB)
10-15








Reserved
00h
00h
00h-00h
PS Parameters Savable is set to 1, indicating the parameters are saveable
SPF shall be set to zero for access to the short format mode page
Continue AWT bit set to one specifies that the SAS port shall not stop the Arbitration Wait Time timer and set
the Arbitration Wait Time timer to zero when the SAS port receives an OPEN_REJECT (RETRY). A CONTINUE
AWT bit set to zero specifies that the SAS port shall stop the Arbitration Wait Time timer and set the Arbitration
Wait Time timer to zero when it receives an OPEN_REJECT (RETRY).
Broadcast Asynchronous Event bit set to one specifies that the device server shall enable origination of
Broadcast (Asynchronous Event). A BROADCAST ASYNCHRONOUS EVENT bit set to zero specifies that the
device server shall disable origination of Broadcast (Asynchronous Event).
Ready LED Meaning specifies the READY LED signal behavior. In general, when the bit is 0, and the drive is in
a ready state, the LED is usually on, but flashes on and off when commands are processed. When the bit is 1,
the LED is usually off, but flashes on and off when commands are processed. For additional implementation
specifics, see the SAS standards.
Protocol Identifier has a value of 6h indicating this is a SAS SSP specific mode page
I_T Nexus Loss Time contains the time (in milliseconds) that our SSP target port shall retry connection requests
to an SSP initiator port that are rejected with responses indicating the SSP initiator port may no longer be
present before recognizing an I_T nexus loss. A value of 0 indicates a vendor specific amount of time and
defaults to a 2 second time period. A value of FFFFh indicates an unlimited period. The default value of 7D0h,
specifies a 2 second time period.
Initiator Response Timeout contains the time in milliseconds that the SSP target port shall wait for the receipt
of a Data frame after sending the XFER_RDY frame requesting data. When the INITIATOR RESPONSE
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
183
TIMEOUT expires, the associated command will be aborted. An INITIATOR RESPONSE TIMEOUT field value
of zero indicates that the SSP target port shall disable the timer. This value is enforced by the transport layer.
The default value of 7D0h, specifies a 2 second time period.
Reject to Open Limit contains the minimum time in 10 µs increments that the target port shall wait to establish a
connection request with an initiator port on an I_T nexus after receiving an OPEN_REJECT (RETRY),
OPEN_REJECT (CONTINUE 0), or OPEN_REJECT (CONTINUE 1). This value may be rounded as defined in
SPC-4. A REJECT TO OPEN LIMIT field set to 0000h indicates that the minimum time is vendor specific. This
minimum time is enforced by the transport layer.

18.10.12.2 Long Format of Port Control Page
Table 152
Long Format of Port Control Page
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
5
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 19h
1
D9h
Subpage Code
...
Page Length (n-3)
00h
00h
(MSB)
2-3
(LSB)
4
5
Reserved
Reserved
Protocol Identifier = 6h
6
00h
06h
...
Protocol Specific Mode Parameters
n
...
The drive maintains an independent set of port control mode page parameters for each SAS initiator port.


SPF field shall be set to one for access to the long format mode page.
Subpage Code indicates which subpage is being accessed. The drive supports the following subpage codes. If
the Subpage Code is not supported, the drive returns a CHECK CONDITION status, the sense key is set to
ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to ILLEGAL FIELD IN PARAMETER LIST.
- 01h: PHY Control and Discover Subpage
- 02h: Shared Port Control subpage
- FFh: All supported subpages.


Page Length specifies the length in bytes of the subpage parameters after the Page Length.
Protocol Identifier has a value of 6h indicating this is a SAS SSP specific mode page.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
184
18.10.12.3 PHY Control and Discover (Subpage 1)
Table 153
PHY Control and Discover (Subpage 1)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
5
PS
SPF=1
1
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 19h
D9h
Subpage Code = 1
01h
Page Length = 0064h
00h
64h
(MSB)
2-3
(LSB)
4
5
Reserved
Reserved
00h
Protocol Identifier = 6h
06h
6
Generation Code
00h
7
Number of PHYS = 2
02h
8-55
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 0
...
56-103
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 1
...
The PHY Control and Discover subpage contains PHY-specific parameters. MODE SENSE command returns the
current settings for the initiator.




Protocol Identifier has a value of 6h indicating this is a SAS SSP specific mode page.
Generation Code is a one-byte counter that shall be incremented by one by the device server every time the
values in this mode page or the SAS-3 PHY mode page (see 10.2.7.7) field values are changed. A
GENERATION CODE field set to 00h indicates the generation code is unknown. The device server shall wrap
this field to 01h as the next increment after reaching its maximum value (i.e., FFh). The GENERATION CODE
field is also contained in the Protocol-Specific Port log page and may be used to correlate PHY settings across
mode page and log page accesses.
Number of PHYS is set to 2, to represent the dual ported drive (one PHY per port)
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor are defined in Table 153. There are two SAS PHY Mode Descriptor fields, one
per port.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
185
Table 154
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Reserved
1
PHY Identifier
1
0
(MSB)
Reserved
2-3
4
(LSB)
Reserved
5
Attached Device Type
Attached Reason
Reason
Negotiated Logical Link Rate
6
Reserved
Attached
SSP
Initiator
Port
7
Reserved
Attached
SSP
Target Port
Attached
STP Initiator
Port
Attached
SMP
Initiator
Port
Attached
STP
Target Port
Attached
STP
Target Port
Reserved
Reserved
(MSB)
SAS Address
8-15
(LSB)
(MSB)
Attached SAS Address
16-23
(LSB)
24
25
Attached PHY Identifier
Attached
Persistent
Capable
Attached Power Capable
Attached
Slumber
Capable
Attached
Partial
Capable
Attached
Inside
ZPSDS
Persistent
Attached
Attached
Requested
Break_Reply
Inside
Capable
ZPSDS
(MSB)
Reserved
26-31
(LSB)
32
Programmed Minimum Physical Link Rate
Hardware Minimum Physical Link Rate
33
Programmed Maximum Physical Link Rate
Hardware Maximum Physical Link Rate
(MSB)
Reserved
34-41
(LSB)
(MSB)
Vendor specific
42-43
(LSB)
(MSB)
44-47
Reserved
(LSB)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
186

















PHY Identifier indicates the unique PHY Identifier for the PHY associated with the other data in this SAS PHY
Mode Descriptor Page.
Attached Reason indicates the value of the REASON field in the last received IDENTIFY address frame
associated with the PHY Identifier list in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 38.
Attached Device Type indicates the value of the DEVICE TYPE field in the last received IDENTIFY address
frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 38.
Attached SAS Address indicates the value of the attached SAS address in the last received IDENTIFY
address frame associated with the PHY Identifier list in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 38.
Attached PHY Identifier: indicated the value of the attached PHY Identifier field in the last received IDENTIFY
address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 38.
SAS Address contains the unique Port Identifier for the Port associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor
Hardware Minimum Physical Link Rate is the minimum link rate supported by the Port associated with the
PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Hardware Maximum Physical Link Rate is the maximum link rate supported by the Port associated with the
PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Programmed Minimum Physical Link Rate is the current minimum link rate used during speed negotiation by
the Port associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Programmed Maximum Physical Link Rate is the current maximum link rate used during speed negotiation
by the Port associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
Attached Persistent Capable indicates the value of the PERSISTENT CAPABLE field in the last received
IDENTIFY address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table
38
Attached Power Capable indicates the value of the POWER CAPABLE field in the last received IDENTIFY
address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 37.
Attached Slumber Capable indicates the value of the SLUMBER CAPABLE field in the last received
IDENTIFY address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table
38.
Attached Partial Capable indicates the value of the PARTIAL CAPABLE field in the last received IDENTIFY
address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table 38.
Attached Inside ZPSDS Persistent indicates the value of the INSIDE ZPSDS PERSISTENT field in the last
received IDENTIFY address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
See Table 38.
Attached Requested Inside ZPSDS indicates the value of the REQUESTED INSIDE ZPSDS field in the last
received IDENTIFY address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor.
See Table 38.
Attached Break_Reply Capable indicates the value of the BREAK_REPLY CAPABLE field in the last received
IDENTIFY address frame associated with the PHY Identifier listed in this SAS PHY Mode Descriptor. See Table
38.
18.10.12.4 Shared Port Control (Subpage 2)
Table 155
Shared Port Control (Subpage 2)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
5
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 19h
D9h
1
Subpage Code = 2
02h
2-3
Page Length = 000Ch
00h
0Ch
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
187
4
5

Reserved = 0
Reserved
00h
Protocol Identifier = 6
06h
6-7
Power Loss Timeout
00h
00h
8 - 15
Reserved
00h-00h
Power Loss Timeout is the maximum time, in one millisecond increments, that the drive port will respond to
connection requests with OPEN_REJECT(RETRY) after receiving NOTIFY(POWER LOSS EXPECTED).The
Power Loss Timeout will be restarted after each NOTIFY(POWER LOSS EXPECTED) that is received. A
POWER LOSS TIMEOUT field set to 0000h specifies that the maximum time is vendor-specific and
automatically defaults to 2 seconds.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
188
18.10.12.5 Enhanced PHY Control Mode Page (Subpage 3)
Table 156
Subpage 3
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
5
PS
SPF=1
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code 19h
D9h
1
Subpage Code = 3
03h
2-3
Page Length = 002Ch
00h
2Ch
4
Reserved
00h
5
Reserved
Protocol Identifier = 6
06h
6
Generation Code
00h
7
Number of PHYs = 02h
02h
8-27
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 0
--
28-47
SAS PHY Mode Descriptor 1
--

Generation Code is a one-byte counter that shall be incremented by one by the device server every time the
values in this mode page or the SAS PHY mode page (see 10.2.7.7) field values are changed. A
GENERATION CODE field set to 00h indicates the generation code is unknown. The device server shall wrap
this field to 01h as the next increment after reaching its maximum value (i.e., FFh). The GENERATION CODE
field is also contained in the Protocol-Specific Port log page and may be used to correlate PHY settings
across mode page and log page accesses.
Table 157
PHY Mode Descriptor (0 and 1)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Reserved
1
PHY Identifier
2-3
Descriptor Length (0010h)
4-7
Programmed PHY Capabilities
8-11
Current PHY Capabilities
12-15
Attached PHY Capabilities
16-17
Reserved
18
Reserved
Negotiated SSC
1
0
Negotiated Physical Link Rate
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
189
19

Enable
Enable Hardware Mixing
Slumber=0 Partial=0 Supported=’0’
Reserved
PHY Capabilities are defined under the “SAS Speed Negotiation”
18.10.13 Mode Page 1A (Power Control)
Table 158
Byte
0
Page 1A (Power Control)
Bit
7
6
PS
SPF (0b)
5
3
-
2
1
0
9Ah
Page Length = 26h
PM_BG_PRECEDENCE
26h
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Idle_C
Default
Idle_B
Idle_A
Standby_Y
00h
Standby_Z
06h
4-7
Idle_A Condition Timer
14h
8-11
Standby_Z Condition Timer
00h-00h
12-15
Idle_B Condition Timer
17h
70h
16-19
Idle_C Condition Timer
00h-00h
20-23
Standby_Y Condition Timer
00h-00h
24-38
Reserved
00h-00h
39
-
3
Page Code = 1Ah
1
2
4
CCF_IDLE
CCF_STANDBY
CCF_STOPPED
Reserved
58h
If the STANDBY_Y bit is set to one, then the standby_y condition timer is enabled. If the STANDBY_Y bit is set
to zero, then the device shall ignore the standby_y condition timer.
If the IDLE_C bit is set to one, then the idle_c condition timer is enabled. If the IDLE_C bit is set to zero, then the
device shall ignore the idle_c condition timer.
If the IDLE_B bit is set to one, then the idle_b condition timer is enabled. If the IDLE_B bit is set to zero, then the
device shall ignore the idle_b condition timer.
If the IDLE_A bit is set to one, then the idle_a condition timer is enabled. If the IDLE_A bit is set to zero, then the
device shall ignore the idle_c condition timer.
-
If the STANDBY_Z bit is set to one, then the standby_z condition timer is enabled. If the STANDBY_Z bit is set
to zero, then the device shall ignore the standby_z condition timer.
-
The IDLE_A Condition Timer field specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the idle_a power
condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for idle_a is 1 second. Any value less than this is
accepted, but will automatically default to 1 second.
-
The STANDBY_Z Condition Timer field specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the
standby_z power condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for standby_z is 2 minutes. Any value
less than this is accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit of 60 timer initiated
head unloads per 24 hour period is enforced.
The IDLE_B Condition Timer field specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the idle_b power
condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for idle_b is 2 minutes. Any value less than this is
accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit 60 timer initiated head unloads per 24
hour period is enforced.
-
-
-
The IDLE_C Condition Timer field specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the idle_c power
condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for idle_c is 2 minutes. Any value less than this is
accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit of 60 timer initiated head unloads per
24 hour period is enforced.
The STANDBY_Y Condition Timer field specifies the initial value, in 100 millisecond increments, for the
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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-
-
-
standby_y power condition timer. The minimum allowable inactivity time for standby_y is 2 minutes. Any value
less than this is accepted, but will automatically default to two minutes. In addition, a limit60 timer initiated head
unloads per 24 hour period is enforced.
The PM_BG_PRECEDENCE field (see Table 159) specifies the interactions between background functions and
power management
CCF Idle CHECK CONDITION if from idle, 00b: restricted. 01b Returning CHECK CONDITION status if
transition was from an idle power condition is disabled. 10b: Returning CHECK CONDITION status if transition
was from an idle power condition is enable, 11b: reserved.
CCF Standby CHECK CONDITION if standby, 00b: restricted. 01b: Returning CHECK CONDITION status if
transition was from a standby power condition is disabled. 10b: Returning CHECK CONDITION status if
transition was from a standby power condition is enabled, 11b: reserved
CCF Stopped CHECK CONDITION if stopped, 00b: restricted. 01b: Returning CHECK CONDITION status if
transition was from a stopped power condition is disabled. 10b: Returning CHECK CONDITION status if
transition was from a stopped power condition is enabled, 11b: reserved
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Table 159
Code
PM_BG_PRECEDENCE field
Vendor Specific
00h
Vendor Specific – Background operations take precedence over maintaining low power conditions
(same as 01b)
01b
Performing background functions take precedence over maintaining low power conditions as follows:
a) if the logical unit is in a low power condition as the result of a power condition timer associated
with that condition expiring, then:
1) the logical unit shall change from that power condition, if necessary, to the power condition
required to perform the background function, when:
a) a timer associated with a background scan operation expires, and that function is enabled or
b) an event occurs to initiate a device specific background function, and that function is
enabled;
2) the logical unit shall perform the background function(s) based on the definitions in this standard
and other command standards (e.g., if the device server receives a command while performing a
background function, then the logical unit shall suspend the function to process the command);
3) if more than one condition is met to initiate a background function, then:
a) all initiated background functions shall be performed; and
b) the order of performing the functions is vendor specific; and
4) when all initiated background functions have been completed, the device server shall check to
see if any power condition timers have expired. If any power condition timer has expired, then the
logical unit shall change to the power condition associated with the highest priority timer that has
expired;
or
b) if the logical unit is performing a background function, and a power condition timer expires, then
the logical unit shall perform all initiated background functions before the logical unit changes to a
power condition associated with a timer has expired
10b
Maintaining low power conditions take precedence over performing background functions as follows:
a) if the logical unit is in a low power condition, then the logical unit shall not change from that power
condition to perform a background function;
b) the device server may perform any initiated and enabled background function based on the
definitions in this standard or other command standards, if all of the following are true:
A) a condition is met to initiate a background function;
B) that background function is enabled;
C) the logical unit changes to a power condition in which the background function may be performed
(e.g., the device server processes a medium access command causing the logical unit to change
its power condition to continue processing that command); and
D) all outstanding application client requests have been completed;
or
c) if the logical unit is performing a background function, and a power condition timer expires that
causes a change to a power condition in which the logical unit is unable to continue performing the
background function, then the logical unit shall:
A) suspend the background function; and
B) change to the power condition associated with the timer that expired.
11b
Reserved = 0
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18.10.14 Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)
Table 160
Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
7
6
PS
0
5
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ch
1
2
4
9Ch
Page Length = 0Ah
PERF
3
RSVD
EBF
EWASC DEXCPT
Reserved = 0
0Ah
TEST
EBACK
LOGERR
ERR
Method of Reporting
10h
03h
(MSB)
4-7
Interval Timer
00h-00h
(LSB)
(MSB)
8-11
Report Count
00h-00h
(LSB)
-
-
-
-
-
PERF (Performance) bit is not supported and is ignored. Informational Exception operations will not cause
performance delays.
EBF (Enable Background Function) bit is not supported and is ignored. Background functions are always
enabled.
EWASC (Enable Warning ASC) bit of zero indicates that Temperature Warnings will not be reported. An
EWASC bit of one allows Temperature Warnings to be reported, if the temperature inside the disk enclosure
exceeds the threshold set in Mode Page 00h.The Method of Reporting field controls the reporting method.
EWASC is independent of DEXCPT.
DEXCPT (Disable Exception Control) bit of zero indicates information exception operations are enabled. The
reporting of information exception conditions when the DEXCPT bit is set to zero is determined from the Method
of Reporting field. A DEXCPT bit of one indicates the Target disabled all information exception operations.
TEST bit of one instructs the drive to generate false drive notifications at the next interval time, (as determined
by the INTERVAL TIMER field), if the DEXCPT is zero. The Method of Reporting and Report Count would
apply. The false drive failure is reported as sense qualifier 5DFFh. The TEST bit of zero instructs the drive to
stop generating any false drive notifications.
Enable Background Error (EBACKERR) bit of zero disables reporting of background self-test errors and
background scan errors via Information Exceptions Control. An EBACKERR bit of one enables reporting of
these background errors as Information Exception Warnings. The method of reporting these errors is
determined from the MRIE field.
LOGERR (Log Errors) is not used and ignored internally by the Target.
Method of Reporting Informational Exceptions indicates the methods used by the Target to report informational
exception conditions.
Code
Description
0h
No reporting of informational exception condition: This method instructs the Target to not report
informational exception condition.
Asynchronous event reporting: Not supported.
Generate unit attention: This method instructs the Target to report informational exception
1h
2h
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
193
3h
4h
5h
6h
7h-Fh
-
-
conditions by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to Unit
Attention and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception
condition. The command that has the Check Condition is not executed before the informational
exception condition is reported.
Conditionally generate recovered error: This method instructs the Target to report informational
exception conditions, dependent on the value of the PER bit of the error recovery parameters mode
page, by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to Recovered
Error and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception condition.
The command that has the Check Condition completes without error before any informational
exception condition is reported.
Unconditionally generate recovered error: This method instructs the Target to report
informational exception conditions, regardless of the value of the PER bit of the error recovery
parameters mode page, by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is
set to Recovered Error and the additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational
exception condition. The command that has the Check Condition completes without error before
any informational exception condition is reported.
Generate no sense: This method instructs the Target to report informational exception conditions
by returning a Check Condition status on any command. The sense key is set to No Sense and the
additional sense code indicates the cause of the informational exception condition. The command
that has the Check Condition completes without error before any informational exception condition
is reported.
Only report informational exception condition on request: This method instructs the Target to
preserve the informational exception(s) information. To find out about information exception
conditions the Application Client polls the Target by issuing an unsolicited Request Sense
command. The sense key is set to No Sense and the additional sense code indicates the cause of
the informational exception condition.
Reserved.
Interval Timer field indicates the period in 100 millisecond increments for reporting that an informational
exception condition has occurred. The target shall not report informational exception conditions more frequently
than the time specified by the Interval Timer field and as soon as possible after the time interval has elapsed.
After the informational exception condition has been reported the interval timer is restarted. A value of zero or
0xFFFFFFFF in the Interval Timer field indicates that the target only reports the informational exception
condition one time and will override the value set in the Report Count Field.
Report Count Field indicates the number of times the Target reports an informational exception condition. The
Report Count of ZERO indicates no limits on the number of times the Target reports an informational exception
condition.
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18.10.14.1 Background Control (Subpage 01h)
Table 161
Background Control (Subpage 01h)
Bit
Default
Byte
0
-
-
-
-
PS
SPF=1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Page Code = 1Ch
DCh
Subpage Code = 01h
01h
2-3
Page Length = 0Ch
00h
0Ch
5
-
6
1
4
-
7
S_L_Full
Reserved = 0
LOWIR
Reserved = 0
EN_BMS
01h
EN_PS
00h
6-7
Background Medium Scan Interval Time
00h
A8h
8-9
Background Pre-Scan Time Limit
00h
00h
10-11
Minimum Idle Time Before Background Scan
00h
00h
12-13
Maximum Time To Suspend Background Scan (Ignored)
00h
00h
14-15
Reserved = 0
00h
00h
Suspend On Log Full (S_L_FULL) bit set to zero allows background scans to continue if the results log (Log
Sense Page 15h) is full.S_L_FULL bit set to one will cause background scans to suspend when the log is full.
Log Only When Intervention Required (LOWIR) bit set to zero allows logging of all medium errors in the results
log (Log Sense Page 15h).When the LOWIR bit is set to one, only unrecovered medium errors will be logged.
EN_BMS (Enable Background Medium Scan) bit set to zero specifies that the background medium scan is
disabled. EN_BMS bit set to one specifies that background medium scan operations are enabled. If a
background medium scan is in progress when the EN_BMS bit is changed from one to zero, then the medium
scan shall be suspended until the EN_BMS bit is set to one, at which time the medium scan shall resume from
the suspended location.
EN_PS (Enable Pre-Scan) bit set to zero specifies that the pre-scan is disabled. If a pre-scan operation is in
progress when EN_PS is changed from a one to a zero, then pre-scan is halted. An EN_PS bit set to one
specifies that a pre-scan operation is started after the next power-on cycle. Once this pre-scan has completed,
another pre-scan shall not occur unless the EN_PS bit is set to zero, then set to one, and another power-on
cycle occurs.
Background Medium Scan Interval Time specifies the minimum time, in hours, between the start of one
background medium scan operation and the start of the next background medium scan operation.
Background Pre-Scan Time Limit specifies the maximum time, in hours, for a pre-scan operation to complete. If
the pre-scan operation does not complete within the specified time, then it is halted. A value of zero specifies an
unlimited time limit.
Minimum Idle Time Before Background Scan specifies the minimum time, in milliseconds, that the drive must be
idle before resuming a background media scan or pre-scan. A value of zero will be treated as the default value
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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-
of 1.0 second. Any value less than 100 milliseconds will be treated as 100 milliseconds. The internal timer
granularity is 50 milliseconds.
Maximum Time To Suspend Background Scan (Ignored).
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18.11 MODE SENSE (5A)
Table 162 Mode Sense (5A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
Reserved = 0
2
PCF
LLBAA
DBD
0
Subpage code
4-6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Page Code
3
9
1
Command Code = 5Ah
1
7-8
2
Allocation Length
Reserved = 0
(LSB)
FLAG
LINK
The MODE SENSE (5A) command provides a means for the drive to report various device parameters to the initiator.
See the MODE SENSE (1A) command for a description of the fields in this command.
-
Long LBA Accepted (LLBAA) bit set to zero ensures that if a Block Descriptor is present it must be a Short LBA
Block Descriptor. If the LLBAA bit is set to one, the Long LBA Block Descriptor may be used.
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18.12 PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E)
Table 163
Persistent Reserve In (5E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 5Eh
1
Reserved = 0
2-6
Service Action
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Allocation Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command is used to obtain information about persistent reservations and
reservation keys that are active within the controller. This command is used in conjunction with the PERSISTENT
RESERVE OUT command PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F).
The Allocation Length indicates how much space has been allocated for the returned parameter data. If the
length is not sufficient to contain all parameter data, the first portion of the data will be returned. If the remainder of
the data is required, the initiator should send a new PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command and an Allocation Length
large enough to contain all data.
18.12.1 Service Action
The following service action codes are implemented. If a reserved service action code is specified, the drive returns
a Check Condition status. The sense key is set to Illegal Request and the additional sense data is set to Invalid
Field in CDB.
Table 164
Code
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Service Action Codes
Name
Descriptions
00h
Read Keys
Reads all registered Reservation Keys
01h
Read Reservations
Reads all current persistent reservations
02h
Report Capabilities
Returns capability information
03h
Read Full Status
Reads complete information about all registrations
and the persistent reservation, if any
Reserved
Reserved
04h-1Fh
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.12.2 Parameter Data for Read Keys
Table 165
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, parameter data for Read Keys
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
Generation
(LSB)
(MSB)
4-7
Additional Length (n-7)
(LSB)
(MSB)
8-15
First Reservation Key
(LSB)
:
(MSB)
(n-7) - n
Last Reservation Key
(LSB)
Generation is a counter that increments when PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command with “Register” or “Preempt
and Clear” completes successfully. Generation is set to 0 as part of the power on reset process and hard reset
process.
The Generation field contains a 32-bit counter that the Target shall increment every time a PERSISTENT
RESERVE OUT command requests a Register, a Clear, a Preempt, or a Preempt and Abort service action. The
counter shall not be incremented by a PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command, by a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT
command that performs a Reserve or Release service action, or by a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command that
is not performed due to an error or reservation conflict. Regardless of the APTPL value the generation value shall be
set to 0 as part of the power on reset process.
The Additional Length field contains a count of the number of bytes in the reservation key list. If the allocation
length specified by the PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command is not sufficient to contain the entire parameter list,
then only the bytes from 0 to the maximum allowed allocation length shall be sent to the Initiator. The incremental
remaining bytes shall be truncated, although the Additional Length field shall still contain the actual number of bytes
in the reservation key list without consideration of any truncation resulting from an insufficient allocation length. This
shall not be considered an error.
The Reservation Key list contains the 8-byte reservation keys for all Initiators that have registered through all ports
with the Target.
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18.12.3 Parameter Data for Read Reservations
Table 166
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, parameter data for Read Reservations
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
Generation
(LSB)
(MSB)
4-7
Additional Length (n-7)
(LSB)
(MSB)
8-n
Reservation Descriptors
(LSB)
The Generation field shall be as defined for the Persistent Reserve in Read Keys parameter data. The Additional
Length field contains a count of the number of bytes to follow in the Reservation Descriptor(s).
If the Allocation Length specified by the PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command is not sufficient to contain the entire
parameter list, then only the bytes from 0 to the maximum allowed allocation length shall be sent to the Initiator. The
remaining bytes shall be truncated, although the Additional Length field shall still contain the actual number of bytes
of the Reservation Descriptor(s) and shall not be affected by the truncation. This shall not be considered an error.
The format of the Reservation Descriptors is defined in the Persistent Reserve in Reservation Descriptor table.
There shall be a Reservation Descriptor for the persistent reservation, if any, present in the Target having a
persistent reservation.
Table 167
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN, Read Reservation Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-7
Reservation Key
(LSB)
(MSB)
8-11
Scope-specific Address
(LSB)
12
Reserved
13
Scope=0
Type
(MSB)
14-15
Extent Length=0
(LSB)
The Scope of each persistent reservation created by a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command will be returned.
See the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command section for details.
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18.13 PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F)
Table 168
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 5Fh
1
Reserved = 0
2
Service Action
Scope=0
Type
3-6
Reserved = 0
7-8
Parameter List Length = 18h
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command is used to request service actions that reserve the drive for the
exclusive or shared use of the initiator. The command uses other service actions to manage and remove such
reservations. This command is used in conjunction with the PERSISTENT RESERVE IN command, and should not
be used with the RESERVE and RELEASE commands.
Note: If a PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command is received when a RESERVE is active for the drive, the
command will be rejected with Reservation Conflict status.
Parameter List Length must be 18h. If not, Check Condition status will be returned, with sense key of Illegal
Request and additional sense code of Parameter List Length Error.
18.13.1 Service Action
The following service action codes are supported.
Table 169
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action Code
Code
Name
Description
00h
Register
Register a reservation key
01h
Reserve
Create a persistent reservation using a reservation key
02h
Release
Release a persistent reservation
03h
Clear
Clear all reservation keys and all persistent reservations
04h
Preempt
Preempt persistent reservations from another Initiator
05h
Preempt and Abort
Preempt persistent reservations from another Initiator and clear the
task set for the preempted Initiator
06h
Register and Ignore existing key
Register a reservation key
Reserved
Reserved
07h-1Fh
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18.13.2 Type
The Type field specifies the characteristics of the persistent reservation being established for all customer data
sectors. The table below describes the supported types and how read and write commands are handled for each
reservation type.
Table 170
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Type Code
Code
Name
Description
0h
Reserved
1h
Write Exclusive
2h
Reserved
3h
Exclusive Access
4h
Reserved
Reserved
Reads Shared: Any initiator may execute commands that transfer from the
media. Writes Exclusive: Only the initiator with the reservation may
execute commands that transfer data to the media; Reservation Conflict
status will be returned to other initiators.
Reserved
Reads Exclusive: Only the initiator with the reservation may execute
commands that transfer data from the media; Reservation Conflict status
will be returned to other initiators.
Writes Exclusive: Only the initiator with the reservation may execute
commands that transfer data to the media; Reservation Conflict status will
be returned to other initiators.
Reserved
Write Exclusive
Registrants Only
Reads Shard: Any initiator may execute commands that transfer from
media.
Writes Exclusive: Only registered initiators may execute commands that
transfer data to the media; Reservation Conflict status will be returned to
other initiators.
6h
Exclusive Access
Registrants Only
Reads Exclusive: Only registered initiators may execute commands that
transfer data from the media; Reservation Conflict status will be returned to
other initiators.
Writes Exclusive: Only registered initiators may execute commands that
transfer data to the media; Reservation Conflict status will be returned to
other initiators.
7h-Fh
Reserved
5h
Reserved
The RESPONSE frame is sent by the Drive to the Initiator (in bound data) or by the Initiator to the Drive (out bound
data).
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18.13.3 Parameter List
The Parameter List required to perform the PERSISTENT RERSERVE OUT command is defined in the table
below. All fields must be sent on all PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT commands, even if the field is not required for
the specified service action.
Table 171
Parameter List
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-7
Reservation Key
(LSB)
(MSB)
8-15
Service Action Reservation Key
(LSB)
(MSB)
16-19
Reserved = 0
(LSB)
20
21-23
Reserved = 0
SPEC_I_P
ALL_TG_PT
Reserved = 0
APTPL
Reserved = 0
Reservation Key contains an 8-byte value provided by the initiator, and identifies the initiator that issued the
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command. The Reservation Key must match the registered reservation key for the
initiator for all service actions except REGISTER and REGISTER AND IGNORE EXISTING KEY.
Service Action Reservation Key contents vary based on the service action. For REGISTER and REGISTER
AND IGNORE EXISTING KEY, the Service Action Reservation Key must contain the new reservation key to be
registered. For PREEMPT and PREEMPT AND ABORT, the field contains the reservation key of the persistent
reservation that is being preempted. This field is ignored for all other service actions.
If the Specify Initiator Ports (SPEC_I_PT) bit is set to zero, the device server shall apply the registration only to the
I_T nexus that sent the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command. If the SPEC_I_PT bit is set to one for any service
action except the REGISTER service action, then the command shall be terminated with CHECK CONDITION status,
with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN
PARAMETER LIST. If the SPEC_I_PT bit is set to one for the REGISTER service action, the additional parameter
data (see table XXX) shall include a list of transport IDs and the device server shall also apply the registration to the
I_T nexus for each initiator port specified by a Transport ID. If a registration fails for any initiator port (e.g., if the
logical unit does not have enough resources available to hold the registration information), no registrations shall be
made, and the command shall be terminated with CHECK CONDITION status.
For Transport IDs,.
The All Target Ports (ALL_TG_PT) bit is valid only for the REGISTER service action and the REGISTER AND
IGNORE EXISTING KEY service action, and shall be ignored for all other service actions. Support for the
ALL_TG_PT bit is optional. If the device server receives a REGISTER service action or a REGISTER AND IGNORE
EXISTING KEY service action with the ALL_TG_PT bit set to one, it shall create the specified registration on all
target ports in the SCSI target device known to the device server (i.e., as if the same registration request had been
received individually through each target port). If the device server receives a REGISTER service action or a
REGISTER AND IGNORE EXISTING KEY service action with the ALL_TG_PT bit set to zero, it shall apply the
registration only to the target port through which the PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command was received. APTPL
(Activate Persist Through Power Loss) bit is valid only for REGISTER and REGISTER AND IGNORE EXISTING
KEY, and is ignored for all other service actions. If the last valid APTPL bit value received is zero, power loss will
cause all persistent reservations to be released, and all reservation keys to be removed. If the last valid APTPL bit
value received is one, any persistent reservation and all reservation keys for all initiators will be retained across
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
203
power cycles.
The RESPONSE frame is sent by the Drive to the Initiator (in bound data) or by the Initiator to the Drive (out bound
data).
18.13.4 Summary
Table 172
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, Service Action, Parameters
Parameters
Service Action
Generation counter
Scope
Type
Rsv
Key
SvcAct
RsvKey
S-spec
addr
Extent
length
APTPL
(0) Register
ignore
verify
save
ignore
ignore
apply
+1
(1) Reserve
apply
verify
ignore
ignore
ignore
ignore
---
(2) Release
apply
verify
ignore
ignore
ignore
ignore
---
(5) Preempt and Abort
apply
verify
save
Ignore
ignore
ignore
+1
18.13.4.1 Scope, Type
The Scope and the Type are applied in the process for the Reserve, Release, and Preempted and Clear service
action but they are ignored in the process for the Register service action because they are not used.
18.13.4.2 Reservation Key
The Reservation Key is verified in each service action process. If the Initiator that registered a key is different from
the Initiator requesting PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command, the drive returns a Reservation Conflict status.
18.13.4.3 Service Action Reservation Key
On Register service action, the drive saves the key specified in the Service Action Reservation Key field as a key of
Initiator requesting PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT command.
On Preempt and Clear service action, the reservation that has a key specified in the Service Action Reservation Key
field is preempted.
On other service actions, this field is ignored.
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18.13.4.4 APTPL
The APTPL (Active Persist Through Power Loss) is valid only for the Register service action. The drive ignores the
APTPL in other service actions.
The following table shows the relationship between the last valid APTPL value and information held by the drive.
Table 173
APTPL and information held by a drive
Information
held by the drive
Registration
Persistent Reservation
Generation counter
The last valid APTPL value
0
1
all keys are set to 0
retained
all are removed
retained
set to 0
set to 0
18.13.4.5 Generation Counter
The drive increments the Generation counter when Register service action or Preempt and Clear service action
complete successfully.
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205
18.14 PRE-FETCH (34)
Table 174
PRE-FETCH (34)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Immed = 0
Obsolete
Command Code = 34h
1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The PRE-FETCH command requests the drive to transfer data to the cache. No data is transferred to the Initiator.
- Transfer length field specifies the number of contiguous blocks of data that are to be transferred into the
cache. A transfer length of zero indicates that blocks are to be transferred into the cache until the segment is
filled or until the last block on the media.
- Immed (Immediate) must be zero. An immediate bit of zero indicates that the status shall not be returned until
the operation has completed.
If the Immed bit is set to one, the drive returns a Check Condition status. The sense key shall be set to Illegal
Request and the additional sense code shall be set to Invalid Field in CDB.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.15 PRE-FETCH (90)
Table 175
PRE-FETCH (90)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Immed = 0
Reserved = 0
Command Code = 90h
1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
10-13
14
15
Transfer Length
Restricted
For MMC-4
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
GROUP NUMBER = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The PRE-FETCH command requests the drive to transfer data to the cache. No data is transferred to the Initiator.
- Transfer length field specifies the number of contiguous blocks of data that are to be transferred into the
cache. A transfer length of zero indicates that blocks are to be transferred into the cache until the segment is
filled or until the last block on the media.
- Immed (Immediate) must be zero. An immediate bit of zero indicates that the status shall not be returned until
the operation has completed.
If the Immed bit is set to one, the drive returns a Check Condition status. The sense key shall be set to Illegal
Request and the additional sense code shall be set to Invalid Field in CDB6) - (08)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.16 READ (6) - (08)
Table 176
READ (6) - (08)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 08h
Reserved = 0
(MSB) LBA
Logical Block Address
2-3
(LSB)
4
5
5
Transfer Length
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ command requests the drive to transfer from the medium to the initiator the specified number of blocks
(Transfer Length) starting at the specified Logical Block Address (LBA).
- Logical block address field specifies the logical unit at which the READ operation shall begin.
- Transfer length field specifies the number of blocks to be transferred. A value of zero implies 256 blocks are to
be transferred.
Note: Error recovery procedure (ERP) handles errors. The error recovery parameters specified by the MODE SELECT command
control ERPs. If the drive is formatted with protection information, no protection information will be transmitted or checked.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
208
18.17 READ (10) - (28)
Table 177
READ (10) - (28)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
FUA_NV
Obsolete
Command Code = 28h
1
RDPROTECT
DPO
FUA
RSVD=0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ (10) command requests the drive to transfer data to the Initiator. The larger LBA and Transfer Length
fields permit greater quantities of data to be requested per command than with the READ command and are required
to access the full LBA range of the larger capacity drives.
- FUA_NV (Force Unit Access Non-Volatile Cache) may be set to 0 or 1, but is ignored since NV_SUP=0 in
Inquiry Page 86h.
- Transfer length The number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is zero, the seek
occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error. If read ahead is enabled, a read
ahead is started after the seek completes.
- DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of one indicates that the data accessed by this command is to be assigned the
lowest priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of one overrides any retention priority
specified in the Mode Select Page 8 Caching Parameters. A DPO bit of zero indicates the priority is determined
by the retention priority. The Initiator should set the DPO bit when the blocks read by this command are not
likely to be read again in the near future.
- FUA (Force Unit Access) bit of one indicates that the data is read from the media and not from the cache. A
FUA bit of zero allows the data to be read from either the media or the cache.
- RDPROTECT defines the manner in which protection information read from disk shall be checked during
processing of the command. Protection information is stored on disk, and may be transmitted to the drive's
internal data buffer and to the initiator with the user data. If the drive is not formatted with protection information,
RDPROTECT must be set to 000b, else Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal
Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
RDPROTECT=000b
Protection information is not transmitted to the initiator and is not checked.
RDPROTECT=001b
-
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data
-
Logical Block Guard is checked
-
Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to READ(32) command only)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
209
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
RDPROTECT=010b
-
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data
-
Logical Block Guard is not checked
-
Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to READ(32) command only)
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
RDPROTECT=011b
-
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data
-
Logical Block Guard is not checked
-
Logical Block Application Tag is not checked
- Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked
RDPROTECT=100b
-
Protection information is transmitted to the initiator with the user data
-
Logical Block Guard is checked
-
Logical Block Application Tag is not checked
-
Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked
RDPROTECT=101b, 110b, 111b
These values are reserved. Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional
sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
If a check of the protection information fails, Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Aborted
Command and additional sense code indicating which protection field check failed.
Refer to the ANSI T10 standards for additional details of protection information.
If the transfer length is zero, no data is transferred. The CDB is validated and protocol checked and, if no problems
are found, Good status is returned immediately. This condition is not considered an error.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.18 READ (12) - (A8)
Table 178
READ (12) - (A8)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
1
2
1
0
FUA_NV
RSVD = 0
Command Code = A8h
RDPROTECT
DPO
FUA
RSVD = 0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-9
Transfer Length
(LSB)
10
11
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ(12) command causes the drive to transfer data to the initiator. See the READ(10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
211
18.19 READ (16) - (88)
Table 179
READ (16) - (88)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
RSVD=
0
FUA_NV
RSVD=0
Command Code = 88h
1
RDPROTECT
DPO
FUA
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
10-13
Transfer Length
(LSB)
14
15
Restricted For
MMC-4
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
GROUP NUMBER = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ(16) command causes the drive to transfer data to the initiator. See the READ(10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
212
18.20 READ (32) - (7F/09)
Table 180
READ (32) - (7F/09)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
0
FLAG
LINK
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Group Number = 0
7
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 0009h
10
1
Command Code = 7Fh
2-5
6
2
RDPROTECT
11
DPO
FUA
RSVD=0
FUA_NV
RSVD=0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12 -19
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
20 - 23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
24 - 25
Logical Block Application Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
(LSB)
(MSB)
28 - 31
Transfer Length
(LSB)
The READ command requests that the drive transfer data from disk to the initiator. Each logical block transferred
includes user data and may include protection information, based on the RDPROTECT field and the drive format.
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection types will result in Check
Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Command
Operation Code
The Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a value that is a
bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information for each
logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag Mask bit set to one enables the checking of
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
213
the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical
Block Application Tag field in the protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block Application
Tag field are ignored
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
214
18.21 READ BUFFER (3C)
Table 181
READ BUFFER (3C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Ch
1
Reserved = 0
2
Mode
Buffer ID = 0
(MSB)
3-5
Buffer Offset
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-8
Allocation Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ BUFFER command is used in conjunction with the WRITE BUFFER command as a diagnostic function
for testing the memory of the drive and the SCSI bus integrity. This command does not alter the medium.
The function of this command and the meaning of fields within the command descriptor block depend on the
contents of the mode field.
MOD
00000
00010
00011
01010
01011
11010
11100
All others
Description
Read Combined Header and Data
Read Data
Descriptor
Read Data from Echo Buffer
Echo Buffer Descriptor
Enable Expander Communications Protocol and Echo Buffer
Error History
Not supported
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
215
18.21.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b)
In this mode a 4-byte header followed by data bytes is returned to the Initiator during the DATA IN phase. The Buffer
ID and the buffer offset field are reserved.
The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when allocation length bytes of header plus data have been transferred or
when the header and all available data have been transferred to the Initiator, whichever is less.
The 4-byte READ BUFFER header (see figure below) is followed by data bytes from the data buffer of the drive.
Table 182
Read Buffer Header
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
RSVD = 0
(MSB)
1-3
Buffer Capacity
(LSB)
The buffer capacity specifies the total number of data bytes that are available in the data buffer of the drive. This
number is not reduced to reflect the allocation length nor is it reduced to reflect the actual number of bytes written
using the WRITE BUFFER command.
Following the READ BUFFER header the drive will transfer data from its data buffer.
18.21.2 Read Data (Mode 00010b)
In this mode, the DATA IN phase contains buffer data.
- Buffer ID field must be set to zero, indicating the data transfer buffer. If another value is specified, the results
may be unpredictable.
- Buffer Offset specifies the offset of the memory space specified by the Buffer ID. The Initiator should conform
to the offset boundary requirements returned in the READ BUFFER descriptor. If the value exceeds the buffer
specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition status. The drive shall set sense key to Illegal
Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.
- Allocation Length The drive terminates the DATA IN phase when allocation length bytes of data have been
transferred or when the header and all available data have been transferred to the Initiator, whichever is less.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
216
18.21.3 Descriptor (Mode 00011b)
In this mode, a maximum of four bytes of READ BUFFER descriptor information are returned. The drive returns the
descriptor information for the buffer specified by the Buffer ID.
- Buffer ID field should normally be set to zero, indicating the drive data transfer buffer. If any other value is
specified, the results may be unpredictable.
- Buffer Offset field is reserved.
- Allocation Length should be set to four or greater. The drive transfers the allocation length or four bytes of
READ BUFFER descriptor, whichever is less. The allocation length of zero indicates no data is transferred. The
allocation length of greater than zero and less than four (size of the Descriptor) is an invalid request and will
cause the command to be terminated with Check Condition status. The drive shall set sense key to Illegal
Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.
The READ BUFFER descriptor is defined in the figure below.
Table 183
Read Buffer Description
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
Offset Boundary = 0x09
(MSB)
1-3
Buffer Capacity
(LSB)
The value contained in the Buffer Offset field of subsequent WRITE BUFFER and READ BUFFER commands
should be a multiple of two to the power of the offset boundary. The offset boundary is always set to nine, which
indicates Sector Boundaries.
18.21.4 Read Data from Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b)
In this mode the drive transfers data from the echo buffer. The echo buffer will transfer the same data as when the
WRITE BUFFER command was issued with the mode field set to echo buffer.
WRITE BUFFER command with the mode field set to echo buffer should be sent prior to the READ BUFFER
command; otherwise the READ BUFFER command will be terminated with Check Condition status and Illegal
Request.
In this mode Read Buffer transfers the specified amount of data or the amount previously written with a Write Buffer
using mode 1010b from the echo buffer, whichever is less.
Issuing a Read Buffer mode 1010b before a Write Buffer mode 1010b will cause indeterminate data to be returned.
The most significant two bytes of the Allocation Length are ignored. The specified amount of data transferred should
not be larger than the echo buffer capacity. The echo buffer capacity may be determined by using Read Buffer mode
1011b. Any additional data transferred over and above the echo buffer capacity is regarded as indeterminate.
The Buffer ID and Buffer Offset fields are ignored in this mode.
Note: The echo buffer is a separate buffer from the data buffer used with other read buffer modes. It is intended to be used for
domain validation purposes.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
217
18.21.5 Echo Buffer Descriptor (Mode 01011b)
In this mode, a maximum of four bytes of Read Buffer Descriptor information is returned. The drive returns the
descriptor information for the echo buffer. The Buffer Offset field is reserved in this mode and must be zero. The
drive transfers the lesser of the allocation length or four bytes of following Echo Buffer Descriptor.
Table 184
Echo Buffer Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
1
0
EBOS=0
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
3
-
2
Reserved = 0
1
2
3
(MSB)
Buffer Capacity
Buffer Capacity
(LSB)
EBOS (Echo Buffer Overwritten Supported) bit of zero indicates that the echo buffer is shared by all Initiators.
Buffer Capacity field returns the size of the echo buffer in byte aligned to a 4-byte boundary.
18.21.6 Expander Communications and Echo Buffer (Mode 11010b)
Receipt of a READ BUFFER command with this mode (11010b) causes a communicative expander to enter the
expanded communication protocol mode. SCSI target devices that receive a READ BUFFER command with this
mode shall process it as if it were a READ BUFFER command with mode 01010b (see 17.17.4 Read Data from Echo
Buffer).
18.21.7 Error History (Mode 11100b)
The Buffer ID field specifies the action that the device server shall perform, and the parameter data, if any, that the
device server shall return.
Table 185
Code
00h
Error History Buffer ID Field
Description
Return error history directory
Buffer
Offset
0000h
Error History I_T
Nexus
Constrained
Yes
01h
Return error history directory and create new error history
snapshot
0000h
Yes
02h
Return error history directory and establish new error history
I_T Nexus
0000h
No
03h
Return error history directory, establish new error history I_T
Nexus, and create new error history snapshot
0000h
No
04h to 0Fh
Reserved
10h to EFh
Return error history
F0h to FDh
Reserved
FEh
Yes
0000h to
FFFFh
Yes
Yes
Clear error history I_T Nexus
Ignored
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
218
Yes
FFh
Clear error history I_T Nexus and release error history
snapshot
Ignored
Yes
The drive will terminate the Read Buffer command with Check Condition status with the sense key set to Illegal
Request and the additional sense code set to Operation In Progress if the drive receives a Read Buffer command:
a) with the Mode field set to 1Ch;
b) with the Buffer ID field set to a value that is constrained by error history I_T nexus;
c) if an error history I_T nexus exists and the command is received from an I_T nexus that is different than that
I_T nexus; and
d) an error history snapshot exists.
The Buffer Offset field specifies the byte offset from the start of the buffer specified by the Buffer ID field from which
the drive will return data. The application client should conform to the offset boundary requirements indicated in the
Read Buffer descriptor. If the buffer offset is not one of those shown in the table above or the drive is unable to
accept the specified buffer offset, then the drive shall terminate the Read Buffer command with Check Condition
status, with the sense key set to Illegal Request, and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field In CDB.
Whenever allowed by established error history I_T nexus constraints, if any, all error history directory device server
actions return an error history directory.
Table 186
Error History Directory
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
T10 Vendor Identification = “HGST“ (ASCII)
0-7
(LSB)
8
Version
9
Reserved
10-29
EHS_Retrieved
EHS_Source
CLR_
SUP
Reserved
(MSB)
30-31
Directory Length (n-31)
(LSB)
Error History Directory List
32-39
Error history directory entry [first]
(see Table 187)
(n-7)-n
Error history directory entry [last]
(see Table 187)
The error history directory list contains an error history directory entry for each supported buffer ID in the range of
00h to EFh.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
219
Table 187
Error History Directory Entry
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Supported Buffer ID
1-3
Reserved
2
1
0
(MSB)
4-7
Maximum Available Length
(LSB)
•
Supported Buffer ID field indicates the error history buffer ID associated with this entry.
•
Maximum Available Length field indicates the maximum number of data bytes contained in the buffer
indicated by the Supported Buffer ID field. The actual number of bytes available for transfer may be smaller.
Unless an error is encountered, the drive will return parameter data that contains error history in a vendor
specific format from the error history snapshot from the specified buffer at the specified buffer offset.
If the drive receives a READ BUFFER command with the Mode field set to 1Ch from the established error
history I_T nexus and the Buffer ID field is set to a value that the error history directory shows as not
supported, then the drive will terminate the command with Check Condition status with the sense key set to
Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field In CDB.
If the value in the Buffer Offset field is not supported, the device server shall terminate the command with
Check Condition status with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to
Invalid Field In CDB.
The amount of error history in the specified buffer shall be less than or equal to the number of bytes
indicated by the Maximum Available Length field in the error history directory.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
220
18.22 READ CAPACITY (10) - (25)
Table 188
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 25h
1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
2-5
Obsolete
6-7
Reserved = 0
8
Obsolete
Reserved = 0
9
VU = 0
Obsolete
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ CAPACITY command returns the last LBA of the drive.
18.22.1 Returned Data Format
The data returned to the Initiator in response to the READ CAPACITY command is described here. The data is
returned in the DATA IN phase.
Table 189
Format of READ CAPACITY command reply
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
Maximum Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
4-7
Block Length
(LSB)
-
Block Length specifies the length in bytes of each block of user data (not including protection information).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
221
18.23 READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10)
Table 190
Read Capacity (16) (9E/10)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 9Eh
1
Reserved = 0
Service Action = 10h
2-9
Obsolete
(MSB)
10-13
Allocation Length
(LSB)
14
Reserved = 0
15
VU = 0
Obsolete
Reserved = 0
FLAG
Link
The READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10) command returns information regarding the capacity of the drive.
command is processed like the standard READ CAPACITY (25) command.
18.23.1 Returned Data Format
The following data is returned to the initiator in the DATA OUT phase.
Table 191
Returned Data Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-7
Maximum Logical Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
8 - 11
Block Length
(LSB)
12
Reserved = 0
13
P_I_Exponent
14 - 31
P-Type
Prot-EN
Logical Blocks per Physical Block Exp
Reserved = 0
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
222
This
The protection type (P_TYPE) field and the protection enable (PROT_EN) bit indicate the drive's current type of
protection.
Table 192
Protection Type (P_TYPE) field
Prot-EN
P-Type
0b
000b
The drive is formatted to type 0 protection
1b
000b
The drive is formatted to type 1 protection
1b
001b
The drive is formatted to type 2 protection
Table 193
Code
0
n>0
Description
Logical Blocks per Physical Block Exponent field
Description
One or more physical blocks per logical block
2n logical blocks per physical block
The number of physical blocks per logical block is not reported.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
223
18.24 READ DEFECT DATA (37)
Table 194
READ DEFECT DATA (37)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 37h
1
Reserved = 0
2
Reserved = 0
3-6
Reserved = 0
Plist
Glist
0
Defect List Format
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Allocation Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ DEFECT DATA command requests that the Target transfer the medium defect data to the Initiator.
If the Target is unable to access any medium defect data it will return a Check Condition status with the appropriate
sense key. The sense key will be set to either Medium Error (03h) if a medium error occurred or No Sense (00h) if
the list does not exist and the additional sense code will be set to Defect List Error (19h).
- Plist bit set to one indicates that the Target returns the Plist. A Plist bit of zero indicates that the Target shall not
return the Plist of defects.
- Glist bit set to one indicates that the Target returns the Glist. A Glist bit of zero indicates that the Target shall
not return the Glist.
Note: With both bits set to one Plist and Glist the Target will return both the primary and grown defect lists. With both
bits set to zero, the Target will return only a 4-byte Defect List Header.
-
Defect List Format field is used by the Initiator to indicate the preferred format for the defect list.
The Defect List Format of '100 (Bytes from Index Format)' and '101 (Physical Sector Format)' are supported. If
the requested format is not supported by the drive, it will return the defect list in its default format '101' and then
terminate the command with Check Condition status. The sense key will be set to Recovered Error (01h) and
the additional sense code will be set to Defect List Not Found (1Ch).
The drive sends defect list (Defect Descriptors) in an 8-byte Absolute Block Address (ABA) format that follows a four
byte Defect List Header.
The Target will transfer all of the Read Defect Data up to the number of bytes allocated by the Initiator.
-
Table 195
Defect List Format
Preferred Defect List Format
Returned Defect List Format
Block (000b)
Bytes from Index (100b)
Physical Sector (101b)
Vendor Unique (110b)
Physical Sector
Bytes from Index
Physical Sector
Physical Sector
Reserved (001b)
Reserved (010b)
Reserved (011b)
Reserved (111b)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
224
Note: The drive will terminate the Data in phase when the Allocation Length has been transferred or when all
available Defect Data has been transferred to the Initiator, whichever is less.
The Read Defect Data contains a 4-byte header followed by zero or more defect descriptors.
18.24.1 Defect List Header
Table 196
Defect List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Header
0
Reserved = 0
1
Reserved = 0
Plist
Glist
Defect List Format
(MSB)
2-3
Defect List Length
(LSB)
18.24.2 Defect List Descriptor
Table 197
Defect List Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Descriptor
0-7
Defect Descriptor 0
.
8n - (8n+7)
Defect Descriptor n
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
225
18.24.3 Bytes from Index Format (100b)
Table 198
Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format
Byte
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
0-2
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
4-7
Defect Bytes from Index
(LSB)
Defect Bytes from Index is derived using the following equation:
Bytes from Index = (Physical Sector Number) * N
Where: N = Bytes per sector
18.24.4 Physical Sector Format (101b)
Table 199
Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format
Byte
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
0-2
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
4-7
Defective Sector Number
(LSB)
The Defect List Format field specifies the format of the defect list data returned by the Target.
The Defect List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the defect descriptors that follow. The Defect List Length
is equal to eight times the number of defect descriptors.
Normally the Target will set the Defect List Length field to the amount of space needed to contain the entire defect
list. However, the Target is capable of building a defect list with a length such that the entire list cannot be transferred
using the maximum allocation length. If the defect list grows beyond 8191 entries, the defect data cannot be
transferred with an allocation length of 0FFFFh. The Target will transfer a partial defect list and return Check
Condition status with the sense key set to Recovered Error and the additional sense code set to Partial Defect List
Transferred. The defect list length will be set to 0FFF8h, indicating the maximum number of defect descriptors that
can be transferred. Defects beyond this number cannot be read by the Initiator.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.25 READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
Table 200
READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = B7h
1
Reserved = 0
Plist
2-5
Glist
Defect List Format
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
6-9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved = 0
11
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
(See Section 18.24 “READ DEFECT DATA (37)”)
18.25.1 Defect List Header
Table 201
Unit Defect List Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Header
0
Reserved = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Plist
Glist
Defect List Format
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
4-7
Defect List Length
(LSB)
(See Defect List Header for Read Defect Data (37) in Section 18.24.1 "Defect List Header".)
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18.25.2 Defect List Descriptor
Table 202
Defect List Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Defect List Descriptor
0-7
Defect Descriptor 0
.
8n - (8n+7)
Defect Descriptor n
(See Defect List Descriptor for Read Defect Data (37) in Section 18.24.2 "Defect List Descriptor".)
18.25.3 Bytes from Index Format (100b)
Table 203
Defect Descriptors of Bytes from Index Format
Byte
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
0-2
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
4-7
Defect Bytes from Index
(LSB)
Defect Bytes from Index is derived using the following equation:
Bytes from Index = (Physical Sector Number) + N
where N = Bytes per sector.
18.25.4 Physical Sector Format (101b)
Table 204
Defect Descriptors of Physical Sector Format
Byte
Defect Descriptors
(MSB)
0-2
Cylinder Number of Defect
(LSB)
3
Head Number of Defect
(MSB)
4-7
Defective Sector Number
(LSB)
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18.26 READ LONG (3E)
Table 205
READ LONG (3E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Correct = 0
Obsolete
Command Code = 3Eh
1
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Byte Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The READ LONG command requests the drive to transfer one block of data to the Initiator. The transfer data
includes data and MEDC field data.
- Correct transferred bit of zero causes correction to be attempted, data will be returned without reporting media
errors regardless of the drives ability to successfully make corrections. When this bit is set the drive will return
media errors if correction is not successful.
- Logical Block Address field specifies the logical block at which the read operation shall occur.
- Byte Transfer Length field must specify exactly the number of bytes of data that are available for transfer. If a
non-zero byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the Target terminates the command with
Check Condition status, the sense key is set to Illegal Request, and an additional sense code set to Invalid
Field in CDB. The valid and ILI bits are set to one and the information field is set to the difference of the
requested length minus the actual length in bytes. Negative values are indicated by two's complement notation.
The transfer length is calculated as follows:
transfer length = logical block size + 18
The data read by this command is neither read from nor retained in the cache. Data returned by this command
cannot be corrupted and transferred on a subsequent WRITE LONG command to create recoverable media errors.
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18.27 READ LONG (9E)
Table 206
READ LONG (9E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 9Eh
1
Reserved = 0
Service Action (11h)
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
10-11
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12-13
Byte Transfer Length
(LSB)
14
15
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
PBLOCK
CORRCT
FLAG
LINK
The READ LONG command requests the drive to transfer one block of data to the Initiator. The transfer data
includes data and MEDC field data.
- Correct transferred bit of zero causes correction to be attempted, data will be returned without reporting media
errors regardless of the drives ability to successfully make corrections. When this bit is set the drive will return
media errors if correction is not successful.
- Logical Block Address field specifies the logical block at which the read operation shall occur.
- Byte Transfer Length field must specify exactly the number of bytes of data that are available for transfer. If a
non-zero byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the Target terminates the command with
Check Condition status, the sense key is set to Illegal Request, and an additional sense code set to Invalid
Field in CDB. The valid and ILI bits are set to one and the information field is set to the difference of the
requested length minus the actual length in bytes. Negative values are indicated by two's complement notation.
The transfer length is calculated as follows:
transfer length = logical block size + 18
The data read by this command is neither read from nor retained in the cache. Data returned by this command
cannot be corrupted and transferred on a subsequent WRITE LONG command to create recoverable media errors.
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18.28 REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
Table 207
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
4
3
2
1
0
LONGLBA
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 07h
1
Reserved = 0
2-4
5
5
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The REASSIGN BLOCKS command requests the drive to reassign a logical block to an available spare. The
REASSIGN BLOCKS command attempts to allocate spare blocks on a spare track. The LBA is transferred to the
drive during the DATA OUT phase. One to four blocks may be specified for relocation per REASSIGN BLOCKS
command.
Reassignment is complete upon the completion of the REASSIGN BLOCKS command. At this time, the defective
logical block address has been added to the Glist.
All data is preserved during a reassign command except for the target LBA data. The Mode Page 0h DRRT (Disable
Restore Reassign Target) bit determines if the reassign blocks command will attempt to recover the Target LBA data.
If the Target cannot recover the data at the Target LBA then the Initiator will have to restore the data after the
REASSIGN BLOCKS command completes successfully.
If the reassignment begins to move data and is interrupted or fails to complete successfully, the Target enters a
degraded mode of operation. In this mode data can be read but writing to the drive is prohibited.
Upon successful completion of this command, the location of the physical sectors reassigned during the command
are added to the Glist. The reassigned sectors are marked defective and cannot be accessed again until after a
format operation discards the Glist.
- LONGLBA bit of zero indicates that LBAs in the provided defect list are 4-bytes. A LONGLBA bit of one
indicates that the LBAs in the provided defect list are 8-bytes
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Following is the format of the data sent by the Initiator during the DATA OUT phase.
Table 208
Format of Reassign Blocks Parameter List data
Bit
Byte
7
0-1
6
5
4
3
2
1
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2-3
Defect List Length
(LSB)
4-n
-
Defect LBA List
Defect List Length is the total number of bytes in the Defective LBA List (n - 4).
Defect LBA List is a list of zero to eight Logical Block Addresses to be reassigned. The number of bytes
describing each LBA is determined by the LONGLBA field in the command block.
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18.29 RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS RESULTS (1C)
Table 209
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS (1C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
2
1
0
Command Code = 1Ch
1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
2
3
4
3
PCV
Page Code
(MSB)
Allocation Length
(LSB)
5
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The RECEIVE DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS command requests that analysis data requested by a SEND DIAGNOSTIC
command be sent to the Initiator.
-
-
PCV (Page Code Valid) bit of zero indicates that the most recent SEND DIAGNOSTIC command shall define
the data returned by this command. PCV bit of one indicates that the contents of the Page Code field shall
define the data returned by this command.
Allocation Length specifies the amount of data to be returned to the Initiator. This value may be zero and this
is not considered an error. The Target terminates the Data in phase when all available data has been
transferred or when the number of bytes transferred equals the Parameter List Length.
18.29.1 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 0
This page contains a list of supported pages.
Table 210
Receive Diagnostic Results page 0
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Page Length = 03h
4
(Supported Pages) Page = 0h
5
CJTPAT page = 3Fh
6
Translate address page = 40h
1
The supported diagnostic page returns a list of supported pages in ascending order.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
233
0
18.29.2 Receive Diagnostic Results Page 40
Using the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command, an address in either physical or logical format is supplied to the drive.
This page is then used to retrieve the address translated into the other format.
Table 211
Receive Diagnostic Results page 40
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Page Code = 40h
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Page Length
4
2
Reserved = 0
5
RA
ALTS
ALTT
6-13
1
0
Supplied Format
Reserved=0
Translate Format
Translated Address
-
Page Length is set to 02h if the address is in a Reserved Area (RA =1). Otherwise, Page Length is set to 0Ah.
-
Supplied Format is the value supplied by the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command; it may be 1of the 3 following
values:
-
-
-
000b Short Block format
-
011b Long Block format
-
100b Bytes From Index format
- 101b Physical Sector format
RA (Reserved Area) is set to one if the translated block is an inaccessible sector, which could reflect a defect,
an unused sector on a spare cylinder, or a sector beyond the Maximum Customer LBA.
ALTS (Alternate Sector) is set to one if the translated block is a sector in a spare cylinder that points to a
reassigned customer sector.
ALTT (Alternate Track) is not used.
Translate Format is the value supplied by the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command and specifies the format in which
the address has been translated into List. If the Supplied Format is the Short Block or Long Block format, the
Translate Format must be either Bytes from Index or Physical Sector format. If the Supplied Format is the Bytes
from Index or Physical Sector format, the Translate Format must be Long Block format. Otherwise the Target
will terminate the command with Check Condition status.
Translated Address contains the address in the Translate Format. For a physical format it is as follows:
Table 212
Translated address
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
6-8
Cylinder Number
9
Head Number
2
1
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
234
0
10-13
Sector Number or Bytes from Index
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
235
18.30 RELEASE (17)
Table 213
RELEASE (17)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 17h
Reserved = 0
3rdPty=0
3rd Party ID
2
Reservation Identification
3-4
Reserved = 0
5
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Ext=0
FLAG
LINK
The RELEASE command is used to release a LUN previously reserved. It is not an error for an Initiator to release a
LUN that is not currently active. The drive returns Good status without altering the reservation.
-
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not zero, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
3rd Party ID is ignored.
Extents must be 0. Extension is not supported by the drive.
Reservation Identification field is ignored.
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18.31 RELEASE (57)
Table 214
RELEASE (57)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 57h
Reserved = 0
3rdPty=0
Reserved = 0
2
Reservation Identification
3
3rd Party Device ID
4-8
Reserved = 0
9
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Ext = 0
FLAG
LINK
The RELEASE command is used to release a LUN previously reserved. It is not an error for an Initiator to release a
LUN that is not currently active. The drive returns Good status without altering the reservation.
-
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not zero, Check Condition
status is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
Extent must be 0. Extension is not supported by the drive.
Reservation Identification field is ignored.
3rd Party Device ID is ignored.
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18.32 REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05)
Table 215
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A3/05)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = A3h
1
Reserved = 0
Service Action = 05h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
4-5
LUN=0
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved = 0
11
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER command requests that the device server send device identification information
to the application client.
The LUN contains the logical unit number parameter. This parameter is expected to be zero. Other value for this
parameter will cause the command to terminate with a CHECK CONDITION status. The sense key is set to ILLEGAL
REQUEST, and the additional sense code is set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
The ALLOCATION LENGTH field indicates how much space has been reserved for the returned parameter data. If
the length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data is returned. This is not
considered an error. The actual length of the parameter data is available in the IDENTIFIER LENGTH field in the
parameter data. If the remainder of the parameter data is required, the application client should send a new
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER command with an ALLOCATION LENGTH field large enough to contain all the data.
The REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list contains a 4-byte field that contains the length in bytes of the
parameter list and the logical unit's identifier.
Table 216
Report Device Identifier parameter list
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
Identifier Length = n - 3
(LSB)
4-n
Identifier
The IDENTIFIER LENGTH field specifies the length in bytes of the IDENTIFIER field. If the ALLOCATION LENGTH
field in the CDB is too small to transfer all of the identifier, the length is not adjusted to reflect the truncation. The
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
238
identifier length initially equals zero and is changed only by a successful SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command.
The IDENTIFIER field contains a vendor specific value. The value reported is the last value written by a successful
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command. The value of the identifier is changed only by a SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER
command. The identifier value persist through resets, power cycles, media format operations.
The Target return the same Identifier to all Initiators on all ports.
The execution of a REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER requires the enabling of a nonvolatile memory within the logical
unit. If the nonvolatile memory is not ready, the device server returns Check Condition status rather than wait for
the device to become ready. The sense key is set to Not Ready and the additional sense data is set as described in
the TEST UNIT READY command. This information should allow the application client to determine the action
required to cause the device server to become ready.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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18.33 REPORT LUNS (A0)
Table 217
REPORT LUNS (A0)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Command Code = A0h
1-5
Reserved
2
1
0
(MSB)
6-9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved
11
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The REPORT LUNS command requests that the Target return the known LUN to the Initiator. The REPORT LUNS
command should always be available and is unaffected by any reservations.
The Allocation Length must be at least 16 bytes. If the Allocation Length is less than 16 bytes, the Target will return a
Check Condition status with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB. If the
Allocation Length is not sufficient to contain the LUN values for all configured logical units, the Target shall report as
many LUN values as will fit in the specified Allocation Length. This is not considered an error.
The REPORT LUNS command will send the LUN list in the subsequent Data Out Phase. The format of the LUN list
is shown in the following table.
Table 218
LUN Reporting parameter list format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-3
LUN List Length = 8
(LSB)
4-7
Reserved
(MSB)
8-15
LUN = 0
(LSB)
The LUN List Length shall contain the length in bytes of the LUN list that is available to be transferred. This product
only supports one LUN. Therefore, the LUN list length must be set to 8. The only supported LUN is zero.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
240
18.34 REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
Table 219
REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
3
2
Reserved = 0
0
RCTD
Service Action = 0Ch
Reserved = 0
3
Requested Operation Code
4-5
Requested Service Action
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved = 0
11
1
Command Code = A3h
1
2
4
VU = 0
Reserved
Reporting Options
FLAG
LINK
The REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES command requests information on commands that the drive
supports. The initiator may request a list of all operation codes and service actions supported, or the command
support data for a specific command.
RCTD: A return command timeouts descriptor (RCTD) bit set to one specifies that the command timeouts descriptor
shall be included in each command descriptor (see section 18.34.1) that is returned or in the one_command
parameter data (see section 18.34.2) that is returned. A RCTD bit set to zero specifies that the command timeouts
descriptor shall not be included in any parameter data returned.
Reporting Options specifies the information to be returned in the parameter data.
Table 220
Reporting Options
Reporting Options
Description
000b
A list of all operation codes and service actions supported by the drive will be returned in
the all_commands parameter data format. The Requested Operation Code field and
Requested Service Action field will be ignored.
001b
The command support data for the operation code specified in the Requested Operation
Code field will be returned in the one_command parameter data format. The Requested
Service Action field will be ignored. If the Requested Operation Code field specifies an
operation code that has service actions, Check Condition status will be reported with a
sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
010b
The command support data for the operation code and service action specified in the
Requested Operation Code field and Requested Service Action field will be returned in
the one_command parameter data format. If the Requested Operation Code field
specifies an operation code that does not have service actions, Check Condition status
will be reported with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid
Field in CDB.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
241
The command support data for the operation code and service action specified in the
Requested Operation Code field and Requested Service Action field will be returned in
the one_command parameter data format.
If:
011b
a) the operation code specified by the Request Operation Code field specifies an
operation code for which the device server does not implement service actions, the
Requested Service Action field is set to 00h, and the command is supported; or
b) the operation code specified by the Requested Operation Code field specifies an
operation code for which the device server implements service actions and the value in
the Requested Service Action field is supported, then the command support data shall
indicate that the command is supported (i.e., the Support field is set to 011b or 101b).
Otherwise, the command support data shall indicate that the command is not supported
(i.e., the Support field is set to 001b).
100b-111b
Reserved
Requested Operation Code specifies the operation code of the command to be returned in the one_command
parameter data format.
Requested Service Action specifies the service action of the command to be returned in the one_command
parameter data format.
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that have been allocated for the returned parameter data. If the
length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data shall be returned. The actual
length of the parameter data may be determined from the Additional Length field in the parameter data.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
242
18.34.1 All_commands parameter data format
The Report Supported Operation Codes all_command parameter data format begins with a four-byte header that
contains the length in bytes of the parameter data, followed by a list of supported commands. Each command
descriptor contains information about a single supported command CDB (i.e. one operation code and service action
combination, or one non-service action operation code).
Table 221
All_command parameter data format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Command Data Length (n-3)
4
Command Descriptor 0
N
Command Descriptor X
2
1
0
Each Command Descriptor contains information about a single supported command CDB.
Table 222
Command Descriptor format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-3
Operation Code
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Service Action
4
Reserved = 0
5
2
Reserved = 0
1
0
CTDP
Serva
ctv
6-7
CDB Length
8-19
Command Timeouts Descriptor, if any
(see 18.34.3 "Command timeouts descriptor format")
Operation Code contains the operation code of a supported command.
Service Action contains a supported service action of the supported operation. If the operation code does not have
a service action, the Service Action field will be set to zero.
CTDP: A command timeouts descriptor present bit set to one indicates that the command timeouts descriptor (see
18.34.3) is included in this command descriptor. A CTDP bit set to zero indicates that the command timeouts
descriptor is not included in this command descriptor.
Servactv set to zero indicates the operation code does not have service actions and the Service Action field should
be ignored. SERVACTV set to one indicates the operation code field has service actions and the contents of the
Service Action field are valid.
CDB Length contains the length of the command CDB in bytes.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
243
18.34.2 One_command parameter data format
The Report Supported Operation Codes one_command parameter data format contains information about the CDB
and a usage map for bits in the CDB for the command specified by the Reporting Options, Requested Operation
Code, and Requested Service Action fields in the Reported Supported Operation Codes CDB.
Table 223
One_command parameter data format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved = 0
1
CTDP
Reserved = 0
Support
2-3
CDB Size (n-3)
4-n
CDB Usage Data
n+1 - n+12
Command Timeouts Descriptor, if any
(see 18.34.3 "Command timeouts descriptor format")
CTDP: A command timeouts descriptor present bit set to one indicates that the command timeouts descriptor is
included in this command descriptor. (see section 18.34.3 "Command timeouts descriptor format") A CTDP bit
set to zero indicates that the command timeouts descriptor is not included in this command descriptor.
The Support field is defined in the table below.
Table 224
One_command parameter support field
Recording Option
Description
000b
Data about the requested command is not currently available. All data after byte 1 is not
valid. A subsequent request for command support data may be successful.
001b
The requested command is not supported. All data after byte 1 is not valid.
010b
Reserved.
011b
The requested command is supported in conformance with the standard.
100b
Reserved
101b
The requested command is supported in a vendor specific manner.
110b-111b
Reserved.
CDB Size contains the size of the CDB Usage Data field in the parameter data, and the number of bytes in the CDB
for the command requested.
CDB Usage Data contains information about the CDB for the command requested. The first byte of the CDB Usage
Data field contains the operation code for the command. If the command contains a service action, then that service
action code is returned in the same location as the Service Action field of the command CDB. All other bytes of the
CDB Usage Data field contain a usage map for bits in the CDB for the command requested.
The bits in the usage map have a one-for-one correspondence to the CDB for the command requested. If the drive
evaluates a bit in the CDB, the usage map will contain a one in the corresponding bit position. The usage map will
contain a zero in the corresponding bit position for any field treated as ignored or reserved.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
244
18.34.3 Command timeouts descriptor format
18.34.3.1 Overview
The command timeouts descriptor (see Table 225) returns time-out information for commands supported by the
logical unit based on the time from the start of processing for the command to its reported completion. Values
returned in the command timeouts descriptor do not include times that are outside the control of the device server
(e.g., prior commands with the IMMED bit set to one in the CDB, concurrent commands from the same or different
I_T nexuses, manual unloads, power-on self tests, prior aborted commands, commands that force cache
synchronization, delays in the service delivery subsystem).
For commands that cause a change in power condition (Idle/Standby Powersave Modes), values returned in the
command timeouts descriptor do not include the power condition transition time (e.g., the time to spinup rotating
media).
Values returned in the command timeouts descriptor should not be used to compare products.
Table 225
Byte
Command timeouts descriptor format
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-1
Descriptor Length (0Ah)
2
Reserved = 0
3
Command Specific
4- 7
Nominal Command Processing Time-out
8 - 11
Recommended Command Time-out
1
0
The DESCRIPTOR LENGTH field indicates the number of bytes that follow in the command timeouts descriptor.
The COMMAND SPECIFIC field contains time-out information (see Table 226) that is specific to one or more
commands.
If no command specific time-out information is defined by this or the applicable command standard,
the
COMMAND SPECIFIC field is reserved.
Table 226
Command timeouts descriptor Command Specific Field usage
Command
Reference
WRITE BUFFER
See Section 18.34.3.2 "WRITE BUFFER: command timeouts descriptor COMMAND
SPECIFIC field usage"
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18.34.3.2 WRITE BUFFER: command timeouts descriptor
COMMAND SPECIFIC field usage
For the WRITE BUFFER command, the COMMAND SPECIFIC field usage is reserved for all modes except the
following:
-
Download microcode mode (04h);
Download microcode and save mode (05h);
Download microcode with offsets mode (06h);
Download microcode with offsets and save mode (07h);
Download microcode with offsets and defer activation mode (0Eh) only if the microcode is activated by an event
other than an activate deferred microcode mode; and
- Activate deferred microcode mode (0Fh).
If the command timeouts descriptor describes one of the WRITE BUFFER modes listed in this sub clause, then the
-
COMMAND SPECIFIC field indicates the maximum time, in one second increments, that access to the SCSI device
is limited or not possible through any SCSI ports associated with a logical unit that processes a WRITE BUFFER
command that specifies one of the named modes. A value of zero in the COMMAND SPECIFIC field indicates that
the no maximum time is indicated.
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18.35 REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS
(A3/0D)
Table 227
Report Supported Task Management Functions (A3/0D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = A3h
1
Reserved = 0
Service Action = 0Dh
2-5
Reserved = 0
6-9
Allocation Length
10
Reserved = 0
11
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Flag
Link
The REPORT SUPPORTED TASK MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS command requests information on task
management functions supported by the drive.
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that have been allocated for the returned parameter data. The
allocation length must be at least four. If the allocation length is less than four, Check Condition Status will be
returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
The format of the returned parameter data is shown below.
Table 228
Report Supported Task Management Functions - returned parameter data
Bit
Byte
0
1
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
ATS
ATSS
CACAS
CTSS
LURS
QTS
TRS
WAKES
QUAS
QTSS
ITNRS
Reserved
2
Reserved
3
Reserved
ATS (Abort Task) bit set to one indicates that ABORT TASK is supported. An ATS bit of zero indicates that ABORT
TASK is not supported.
ATSS (Abort Task Set) bit set to one indicates that ABORT TASK SET is supported. An ATSS bit of zero indicates
that ABORT TASK SET is not supported.
CACAS (Clear ACA) bit set to one indicates that CLEAR ACA is supported. A CACAS bit of zero indicates that
CLEAR ACA is not supported.
CTSS (Clear Task Set) bit set to one indicates that CLEAR TASK SET is supported. A CTSS bit of zero indicates
that CLEAR TASK SET is not supported.
LURS (Logical Unit Reset) bit set to one indicates that LOGICAL UNIT RESET is supported. An LUR bit of zero
indicates that LOGICAL UNIT RESET is not supported.
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QTS (Query Task) bit set to one indicates that QUERY TASK is supported. A QTS bit of zero indicates that
QUERY TASK is not supported.
TRS (Target Reset) bit set to one indicates that TARGET RESET is supported. A TRS bit of zero indicates that
TARGET RESET is not supported.
WAKES (Wakeup) bit set to one indicates that WAKEUP is supported. A WAKES bit of zero indicates that
WAKEUP is not supported.
QUAS (QUERY UNIT ATTENTION) supported bit set to one indicates the QUERY UNIT ATTENTION task
management function (see SAM-4) is supported by the logical unit. A QUAS bit set to zero indicates the QUERY
UNIT ATTENTION task management function is not supported.
QTSS (QUERY TASK SET) supported bit set to one indicates the QUERY TASK SET task management function
(see SAM-4) is supported by the logical unit. A QTSS bit set to zero indicates the QUERY TASK SET task
management function is not supported.
ITNRS (I_T NEXUS RESET) supported bit set to one indicates the I_T NEXUS RESET task management function
(see SAM-4) is supported by the logical unit. An ITNRS bit set to zero indicates the I_T NEXUS RESET task
management function is not supported.
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18.36 REPORT TIMESTAMP (A3/0F)
Table 229 REPORT TIMESTAMP (A3/0F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = A3h
1
Reserved = 0
2-5
Service Action = 0Fh
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
6-9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved = 0
11
Control
The REPORT TIMESTAMP command requests that the device server return the current value of a device clock.
-
-
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that have been allocated for the returned parameter data. If
the length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data shall be returned. The
actual length of the parameter data may be determined from the Additional Length field in the parameter data.
Control is defined by SAM-5.
Table 230 REPORT TIMESTAMP return parameter data
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(MSB)
0-1
Timestamp Parameter Data Length = 000Ah
(LSB)
2
Reserved = 0
3
Timestamp Origin = 0Fh
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
4-9
Timestamp
(LSB)
3
Reserved = 0
The Timestamp Parameter Data Length field indicates the number of bytes of parameter data that follow. The
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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contents of the Timestamp Parameter Data Length field are not altered based on the allocation length (see Table
229).
The Timestamp Origin field indicates the most recent event that initialized the returned device clock using the
values shown in Table 231.
The Timestamp field contains the current value of a device clock.
18.36.1 Device clocks and timestamps
A timestamp may be included in data logged or recorded by a device server based on the contents of a device clock
saturating counter described in this subclause.
Device clocks may be managed with:
a. The REPORT TIMESTAMP command
b. The SET TIMESTAMP command
c. The Control Extension mode page
The device clock is initialized by:
a. Power on reset or hard reset that sets the device clock to zero
b. The SET TIMESTAMP command
After the device clock is initialized, the device server will increment it by one every millisecond.
The device clock is not affected by an I_T nexus loss or a logical unit reset.
Table 231 Timestamp Origin value
Code
000b
001b
010b
100b to 111b
Description
Device clock initialized to zero at power on or as the result of a hard reset
Reserved
Device clock initialized by the SET TIMESTAMP command
Reserved
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18.37 REQUEST SENSE (03)
Table 232
REQUEST SENSE (03)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Command Code = 03h
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Reserved = 0
4
Allocation Length
5
VU = 0
2
Reserved = 0
1
0
DESC
FLAG
LINK
The REQUEST SENSE command requests the drive to transfer sense data.
The Descriptor Format (DESC) bit specifies which sense data format the device shall return in the parameter data.
The Allocation Length specifies the maximum number of bytes of sense data that the drive should return. Such
relationship is shown in the table below. (See 22. SCSI Sense Data for more details).
Table 233
Sense Data Format and Length
DESC Bit
Sense Data Format
Length of Sense Data Returned
0b
Fixed format
The number of bytes in the Allocation Length or 32 bytes, whichever is less
1b
Descriptor format
The number of bytes in the Allocation Length or a fixed "descriptor sense
data size", whichever is less. The "descriptor sense data size" is either 40
or 60 bytes, depending on the drive firmware build.
If REQUEST SENSE command with an invalid LUN is received, the drive returns Good status and reports a sense
key of Illegal Request and an additional sense code of Logical Unit Not Supported.
If the drive has no sense data available to return, it will return a sense key of No Sense and an additional sense code
of No Additional Sense Information.
Separate sense data is maintained by the device for each Initiator. Therefore, there is no requirement for an Initiator
to expeditiously clear a Check Condition as this will not affect other initiators in a multi-Initiator system.
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18.38 RESERVE (16)
Table 234
RESERVE (16)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 16h
1
Reserved = 0
2
3rdPty=0
3rd Party ID
Ext=0
Reservation Identification
(MSB)
3-4
Extent List Length = 0
(LSB)
5
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The RESERVE command is used to reserve a LUN for an Initiator. This reservation can be either for the Initiator
sending the command or for a third party as specified by the Initiator.
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext bit must be zero. If Ext bit is set to one, Check Condition status is
returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB. The Reservation
Identification and Extent List Length fields are ignored.
The Reserve command requests that the entire LUN be reserved for the Initiator until
-
the reservation is superseded by another valid Reserve command from the Initiator that made the reservation.
the reservation is released by a RELEASE command from the same Initiator.
a hard Reset condition occurs.
a Target Reset message is received from any Initiator.
- a power off/on cycle occurs.
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not zero, Check Condition status
is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
3rd Party ID is ignored.
Only the Initiator that issued the Reserve command for a LUN may release the LUN, regardless of the 3rdPty option.
This Initiator may also release the LUN by issuing another RESERVE command. This superseding RESERVE
command releases the previous reservation when the new reservation is granted.
Reservation queuing is not supported by the drive. If a LUN is reserved and a RESERVE command is issued from a
different Initiator, the Target responds with a RESERVATION CONFLICT.
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18.39 RESERVE (56)
Table 235
RESERVE (56)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 56h
1
Reserved = 0
3rdPty=0
2
Reservation Identification
3
Third Pay Device ID
4-6
Reserved = 0
Reserved
Ext=0
(MSB)
7-8
Extent List Length = 0
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The RESERVE command is used to reserve a LUN for an Initiator. This reservation can be either for the Initiator
sending the command or for a third party as specified by the Initiator.
Extents are not supported by the drive. The Ext bit must be zero. If Ext bit is set to one, Check Condition status is
returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB. The Reservation
Identification and Extent List Length fields are ignored.
The Reserve command requests that the entire LUN be reserved for the Initiator until
- the reservation is superseded by another valid Reserve command from the Initiator that made the reservation.
- the reservation is released by a RELEASE command from the same Initiator.
-
a hard Reset condition occurs.
a Target Reset message is received from any Initiator.
- a power off/on cycle occurs.
3rdPty must be 0. Third Party reservations are not supported. If the 3rdPty bit is not zero, Check Condition status
is returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
3rd Party ID is ignored.
Only the Initiator that issued the Reserve command for a LUN may release the LUN, regardless of the 3rdPty option.
This Initiator may also release the LUN by issuing another RESERVE command. This superseding RESERVE
command releases the previous reservation when the new reservation is granted.
Reservation queuing is not supported by the drive. If a LUN is reserved and a RESERVE command is issued from a
different Initiator, the Target responds with a RESERVATION CONFLICT.
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18.40 REZERO UNIT (01)
Table 236
REZERO UNIT (01)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 01h
Reserved = 0
2-4
5
5
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The REZERO UNIT command requests that the Target seek LBA 0.
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18.41 SANITIZE (48)
Table 237
SANITIZE (48)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 48h
Immed
RSVD
AUSE
Service Action
2-6
Reserved
7-8
Parameter List Length
9
1
VU = 0
Reserved
• Immed bit is to specify
0
Status is to be returned at the end of the operation.
1
Good status shall always be returned immediately after command has been received. The TEST UNIT
READY command may be used to determine when the drive becomes ready.





AUSE bit can be set to 1 to allow EXIT FAILURE MODE service action on a subsequent SANITIZE. If AUSE is
set to 0, and the sanitize fails, a subsequent SANITIZE with EXIT FAILURE MODE will be rejected.
Parameter List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the parameter data that is available to be transferred
from the application client’s Data-Out Buffer. When the Service Action is set to Overwrite (01) the Parameter List
Length specifies the length of the Overwrite service action parameter list. If the Service Action is any other value
than Overwrite (01), then the Parameter List Length must be 0. If not, the drive returns a Check Condition status.
The sense key is set to Illegal Request and the additional sense data is set to Invalid Field in CDB.
VU stands for Vendor Unique.
FLAG* If Link is 0, Flag must also be 0. If Link is 1, Flag may also be 1. Typically this bit is used to cause an
interrupt in the Initiator between linked commands.
LINK* is set to 1 to indicate that the Initiator desires an automatic link to the next command upon successful
completion of the current command.
Note: * - The drive ignores the link bit and flag bit in the CDB.
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18.41.1 Sanitize (48) Service Action Codes
The following service action codes are implemented. If a reserved service action code is specified, the drive returns
a Check Condition status. The sense key is set to Illegal Request and the additional sense data is set to Invalid Field
in CDB.
Table 238
SANITIZE Service Action Codes
Code
Name
Descriptions
00h
Reserved
Returns Check Condition
01h
Overwrite
Causes the device server to alter information by writing a data pattern to the
medium one or more times
02h
Reserved
Returns Check Condition
03h
Cryptographic Erase
Alters the drive internal encryption key to make user data/information
unreadable
Reserved
Returns Check Condition
Exit Failure Mode
If a prior Sanitize operation was issued with AUSE = 1 and it failed, this will
take the drive out of degraded mode, Sanitize Failed state.
04h-1Eh
1Fh
Table 239
Parameter List Format for Overwrite Service Action
Bit
Byte
7
0
Invert
1
2
6
5
4
3
Test
2
1
0
Overwrite Count
Reserved
(MSB)
Initialization Pattern Length (n - 3)
(LSB)
3
4
...
Initialization Pattern
n
•
•
•
Invert bit set to 0 indicates that the initialization pattern and protection information bytes, if any, are written as
specified in the Initialization Pattern field on each overwrite pass. If the Invert bit is set to 1, then the initialization
pattern and protection information bytes, if any, shall be inverted (i.e., each bit XORed with 1) between
consecutive overwrite passes.
Overwrite Count field specifies the number of overwrite passes to be performed. The value of 00h is reserved.
Initialization Pattern Length field specifies the length in bytes of the Initialization Pattern field. The Initialization
Pattern Length field shall be greater than 0 and shall not exceed the logical block length. If the Initialization
Pattern Length field is set to 0 or a value greater than the logical block length, then the device server shall
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256
terminate the command with Check Condition status with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional
sense code set to Invalid Field in Parameter List.
• Initialization Pattern field specifies the data pattern to be used to write the user data. This data pattern is
repeated as necessary to fill each logical block. For each logical block, the first byte of the user data shall begin
with the first byte of the initialization pattern. The protection information, if any, shall be set to
FFFF_FFFF_FFFF_FFFFh
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18.42 SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)
Table 240
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = A2h
1
SECURITY PROTOCOL
2-3
SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC
4
1
0
Reserved
INC_512
5
Reserved
(MSB)
6-9
ALLOCATION LENGTH
(LSB)
10
Reserved
11
CONTROL
The SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command requests the device server to return security protocol information or the
results of one or more SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT commands.
•
The SECURITY PROTOCOL field specifies which security protocol is being used.
Table 241
SECURITY PROTOCOL field in SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command
Code
00h
Description
Security protocol information
01h to 06h
Defined by TCG
07h to FFh
Reserved
•
The contents of the SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC field are defined by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field.
•
INC_512, a 512 increment bit set to 1 specifies that the ALLOCATION LENGTH field expresses the maximum
number of bytes available to receive data in increments of 512 bytes (e.g., a value of one means 512 bytes, two
means 1 024 bytes, etc.). Pad bytes may or may not be appended to meet this length. Pad bytes shall have a
value of 00h. An INC_512 bit set to 0 specifies that the ALLOCATION LENGTH field expresses the maximum
number of bytes available to receive data in increments of one byte.
Indications of data overrun or underrun and the mechanism, if any, for processing retries are defined by the protocol
specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field.
•
The CONTROL byte is defined in SAM-5.
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258
Any association between a previous SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command and the data transferred by a
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command depends on the protocol specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field. If
the device server has no data to transfer (e.g., the results for any previous SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT commands
are not yet available), then the device server may transfer data indicating it has no other data to transfer.
The format of the data transferred depends on the protocol specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field
The device server shall retain data resulting from a SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command, if any, until one of the
following events is processed:
a) transfer of the data via a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command from the same I_T_L nexus as defined by
the protocol specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field;
b) logical unit reset (see SAM-5); or
c) I_T nexus loss (see SAM-5) associated with the I_T nexus that sent the SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT
command.
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18.43 SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)
Table 242
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = B5h
1
SECURITY PROTOCOL
2-3
SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC
4
1
0
Reserved
INC_512
5
Reserved
(MSB)
6-9
TRANSFER LENGTH
(LSB)
10
Reserved
11
CONTROL
The SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command requests the device server to process the specified parameter list
using the specified security protocol. Depending on the protocol specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field, the
application client may use the SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command to retrieve data that results from the processing
of one or more SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT commands.
•
The SECURITY PROTOCOL field specifies which security protocol is being used.
Table 243
SECURITY PROTOCOL field in SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command
Code
00h
Description
Reserved
01h to 06h
Defined by TCG
07h to FFh
Reserved
•
The contents of the SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC field are defined by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field.
•
INC_512, a 512 Increment bit set to 1 specifies that the TRANSFER LENGTH field expresses the number of
bytes to be transferred in increments of 512 bytes (e.g., a value of one means 512 bytes, two means 1 024
bytes, etc.). Pad bytes shall be appended as needed to meet this requirement. Pad bytes shall have a value
of 00h. An INC_512 bit set to 0 specifies that the TRANSFER LENGTH field indicates the number of bytes to
be transferred.
•
The CONTROL byte is defined in SAM-5
Any association between a SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command and a subsequent SECURITY PROTOCOL IN
command is defined by the protocol specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field. Each protocol shall define
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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whether:
a) the device server shall complete the command with GOOD status as soon as it determines the data has
been correctly received. An indication that the data has been processed is obtained by sending a
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command and receiving the results in the associated data transfer; or
b) the device server shall complete the command with GOOD status only after the data has been successfully
processed and an associated SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command is not required.
The format of the data transferred depends on the protocol specified by the SECURITY PROTOCOL field.
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18.44 SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
Table 244
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
SlfTst
Dev0fl
Unt0fl
Command Code = 1Dh
1
Function Code
2
PF
RSVD =0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
3-4
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
5
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The SEND DIAGNOSTIC command requests the drive to perform its self-diagnostic test or to perform a function
based on a page of information sent in a Data Out phase during the command.
- PF (Page Format) bit set to 1 indicates the data sent by the Initiator conform to the page structure as specified
in SCSI standard. This bit is ignored by the Target if the SlfTst bit is set.
- SlfTst set to 1 indicates that the device performs its default self-test. If SlfTst is 1, the Function Code field is
ignored. If SlfTst is set to 0, the action to perform is specified in Function Code field.
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Table 245
SEND DIAGNOSTIC Function Code (1D)
Value
Function name
Description
000b
NA
Value to be used when the SlfTst bit is set to 1 or if the SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command is not invoking one of the other self-test
function codes.
001b
Background Short self-test
The device server starts its short self-test routine in background
mode.
010b
Background extended self-test
The device server starts its extended self-test routine in background
mode.
011b
NA
Reserved.
100b
Abort background self-test
Abort the current self-test in the background mode. This value is
only valid if a previous SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specified a
background self-test function and that function has not been
completed.
101b
Foreground short self-test
The device server starts its short self-test routine in the foreground
mode. This self-test will complete in two minutes or less.
Foreground extended self-test
The device server starts its extended self-test routine in the
foreground mode .The completion time for this test is reported in
Mode Page 0Ah (refer to section 18.10.9 "Mode Page 0A (Control
Mode Page Parameters)”).
110b
111b
-
Reserved.
DevOfl is ignored by the Target for compatibility.
UntOfl is ignored by the Target for compatibility.
Parameter List Length must be 0 when the SlfTst bit is 1. Otherwise, Check Condition status will be
generated with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in CDB. If the SlfTst bit is
zero, it should be set to the length of the page to be transferred in the DATA OUT phase of the command. If it
does not match the expected length of the page a Check Condition status will be also generated with a sense
key of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in CDB.
If the motor is not running at the correct speed when the command is received, it is rejected by a Check Condition
status with a Not Ready sense key.
If a fault is detected during the default or foreground self-test, a Check Condition is reported as an end status. If a
fault is detected during the background self-test, it is logged in the log page for later retrieval by a LOG SENSE
command.
See Section 20.12 Diagnostics for a detailed listing of operations carried out by the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command
and Power on Diagnostics.
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18.44.1 Send Diagnostic Page 0
This page requests that the drive return a list of supported pages on the next RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS command.
Table 246
Diagnostic page 0
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Page Code = 0
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Page Length = 0
2
1
0
18.44.2 Send Diagnostic Page 3F
Table 247
Diagnostic page 3F
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
2
1
0
Page Code = 3F
1
Reserved = 0
Protocol Identifier = 6
2–3
Page Length = 1Ch
4
Phy Identifier
5
Phy Test Function
6
Phy Test Pattern
7
3
Rsvd=0
Phy Test Pattern
SATA = 0
Phy Test Pattern
SSC
Phy Test Pattern Physical Link Rate
8 – 10
Reserved = 0
11
Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control
12 – 19
Phy Test Pattern Dwords
20 – 31
Reserved = 0
-
Phy Identifier specifies the selected phy that is to perform or to stop performing a phy test function. If the phy
does not exist, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense
of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
-
Phy Test Function specifies the phy test function to be performed. If an unsupported function is requested,
Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field
in Parameter List.
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-
Phy Test Pattern specifies the phy test pattern to be transmitted when the Phy Test Function is set to 01h. If an
unsupported value is specified, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and
additional sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
Phy Test Function
Description
00h
If the selected phy is performing a phy-test function, then the selected phy stop performing
the phy test function and originate a link reset sequence. If the selected phy is not
performing a phy test function, then this function as no effect on the selected phy.
01h
If the selected phy is not performing a phy test function, the selected phy will be set to
transmit the phy test pattern specified by the Phy Test Pattern field at the physical link rate
specified by the Phy Test Pattern Physical
02h-FDh
Unsupported
FEh
Analog Loopback - If the selected phy is not performing a phy test function, the selected
phy will be set to retransmit the data pattern received by the phy receiver without retime
FFh
Retime Loopback- If the selected phy is not performing a phy test function, the selected phy
will be set to retransmit the retimed data pattern received by the phy receiver
Table 248
Phy Test Pattern
Phy Test Pattern
00h
Reserved
01h
JTPAT
02h
CJTPAT
03h-0Fh
Reserved
10h
TRAIN
11h
TRAIN_DONE
13h
SCRAMBLE_0
12h
IDLE
14h - 3Fh
40h
41h – Efh
F0h
F1h-FFh
-
Description
Reserved
TWO_DWORDS
Reserved
PRBS7 (DC un-balanced version)
Reserved
Phy Test Pattern Physical Link Rate specifies the physical link rate at which the phy test pattern shall be
transmitted. Supported values are 8h for 1.5 Gbps, 9h for 3.0 Gbps, and Ah for 6.0 Gbps. If an unsupported
value is specified, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
265
-
-
sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
Phy Test Pattern SATA bit set to 0 indicates that the phy transmits the phy test pattern as a SAS phy. If this bit
is set to 1, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense of
Invalid Field in Parameter List
Phy Test Pattern SSC field specifies the SSC modulation type which the phy test pattern will be transmitted. If
an unsupported SSC modulation type is specified, Check Condition status will be returned with a sense key of
Illegal Request and additional sense of Invalid Field in Parameter List.
Table 249
Phy Test Pattern SSC Code
Phy Test Pattern
SSC Code
-
00h
No SSC
01h
Center-spreading SSC (Not supported)
10h
Down-spreading SSC
11h
Reserved
Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control controls whether the bytes in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field are sent as
control characters or data characters.
Table 250
Phy Test Pattern Dwords Control
Phy Test Pattern
Dwords Control
Description
00h
Each byte in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be sent as a data character (i.e., Dxx.y)
without scrambling.
08h
The fifth byte in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be sent as a control character (i.e.,
Kxx.y). Each other byte shall be sent as a data character without scrambling.
80h
The first byte in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be sent as a control character.
other byte shall be sent as a data character without scrambling.
88h
The first and fifth bytes in the Phy Test Pattern Dwords field shall be sent as a control
character. Each other byte shall be sent as a data character without scrambling.
All others
-
Description
Reserved
Phy Test Pattern Dwords contains the two Dwords that are sent during a TWO_DWORDS test pattern.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
266
Each
18.44.3 Send Diagnostic Page 40
This allows the Initiator to translate a LBA or physical sector address to the other format. The address to be
translated is passed to the Target with the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command and the results are returned to the Initiator
by the RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS command. The Target will read the parameter list from the Initiator, and, if no errors
are detected in the parameter list, Good status will be returned. The data translation will be performed upon receipt
of the RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS command.
Table 251
Diagnostic Page 40
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Page Code = 40h
1
Reserved = 0
2-3
Page Length = 0Ah
2
1
4
Reserved = 0
Supplied Format
5
Reserved = 0
Translate Format
6-13
0
Address to Translate
Supplied Format may take one of the following three values:
It specifies the format in which the address has been supplied.
000b
Short Block format
-
-
011b
Long Block format
100b
Bytes From Index format
101b
Physical Sector format
Translate Format specifies the format that the address should be translated into. If the Supplied Format is the
Short Block format or Long Block format, the Translate format must be either Bytes From Index or Physical
Sector format. If the Supplied Format is the Bytes From Index or Physical Sector format, the Translate Format
must be Long Block format. If either of the format fields is invalid or they specify the same format, the command
will terminate with Check Condition status with a sense code of Illegal Request and Illegal Field in Parameter
List.
Address to Translate contains the address to translate. If the Short Block format is specified, the first four
bytes of the field (bytes 6 to 9) contain the LBA and the remainder must be zero. If the Long Block format is
specified, byte 6 to 13 contain the 64-bit LBA. For the physical format the address must be specified as follows.
Table 252
Address to translate
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
6-8
Cylinder Number
9
Head Number
10-13
Sector Number or Bytes from Index
1
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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0
18.45 SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
Table 253
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = A4h
1
Reserved = 0
Service Action = 06h
2
Reserved = 0
3
Reserved = 0
4-5
Restricted = 0
(MSB)
6-9
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved = 0
11
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command requests that the device identifier information be set to the value received
in the SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list.
On successful completion of a SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER command a unit attention is generated for all Initiators
except the one that issued the service action. When reporting the unit attention condition the additional sense code is
set to Device Identifier Changed.
- Parameter List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the Identifier that is transferred from the host
system to the Target. The maximum value for this field is 512 bytes. A parameter list length of zero indicates
that no data is transferred, and that subsequent REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER commands return an Identifier
length of zero.
The SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER parameter list contains the identifier to be set by the addressed logical unit.
Table 254
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER, Parameter List
Bit
Byte
7
0-n
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Identifier
The IDENTIFIER field is a vendor specific value, to be returned in subsequent REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER
commands.
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18.46 SET TIMESTAMP (A4/0F)
Table 255
SET TIMESTAMP (A4/0F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = A4h
1
Reserved = 0
2-5
Service Action = 0Fh
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
6-9
Parameter List Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved = 0
11
Control
The SET TIMESTAMP command requests that the device server initialize a device clock if the SCSIP bit is set to
one in the Control Extension mode page. If the SCSIP bit is set to zero, the device server shall terminate the SET
TIMESTAMP command with CHECK CONDITION status, with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the
additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
- Parameter List Length field specifies the length in bytes of the SET TIMESTAMP parameters that shall be
transferred from the application client to the device server. A parameter list length of zero specifies that no data
shall be transferred, and that no change shall be made to a device clock.
- Control is defined by SAM-5.
Table 256
SET TIMESTAMP parameter list
Bit
Byte
7
0-3
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
4-9
Timestamp
(LSB)
10-11
Reserved = 0
The Timestamp field specifies the value to which a device clock shall be initialized. The timestamp should be the
number of milliseconds that have elapsed since midnight, 1 January 1970 UT. If the most significant byte in the
Timestamp field is greater than F0h, the device server shall terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status,
with the sense key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST, and the additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN
PARAMETER LIST.
On successful completion of a SET TIMESTAMP command the device server shall establish a unit attention
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
269
condition for the initiator port associated with every I_T nexus except the I_T nexus on which the SET TIMESTAMP
command was received (see SAM-5), with the additional sense code set to TIMESTAMP CHANGED.
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18.47 START STOP UNIT (1B)
Table 257
START STOP UNIT (1B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Command Code = 1Bh
1
Reserved = 0
2
0
Immed
Reserved = 0
3
Reserved = 0
4
Power Condition
5
1
VU = 0
Power Condition Modifier
Reserved=0
Reserved = 0
LoEj= 0
Start
FLAG
LINK
The START STOP UNIT command is used to spin up or stop the spindle motor.
- Immed bit is to specify
0
1
-
status is to be returned at the end of the operation.
Good status shall always be returned immediately after command has been received. The TEST UNIT
READY command may be used to determine when the drive becomes ready after a spin-up.
Power Conditions and Power Condition Modifier fields are used to specify that the logical unit be placed into
a power condition or to adjust a timer as defined in Table 258, if this field is set to a value other than 0h, then the
START bit shall be ignored.
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271
Table 258
Power Conditions
Power
Condition
Code
Name
Power
Condition
Modifier
0h
START_VALID
0h
Process the START bit
1h
ACTIVE
0h
Place the device into the active power condition
2h
IDLE_A
0h
Place the device into the idle-a power condition
2h
IDLE_B
1h
Place the device into the idle-b power condition
2h
IDLE_C
2h
Place the device into the idle-c power condition
3h
STANDBY_Z
0h
Place the device into the standby_Z power condition
3h
STANDBY_Y
1h
Place the device into the standby_Y power condition
4h
Reserved
0h
Reserved
5h
Obsolete
0h-Fh
Obsolete
6h
Reserved
0h
Reserved
7h
LU_CONTROL
0h
Transfer control of power conditions to the logical unit
8h - 9h
Reserved
0h
Reserved
Ah
FORCE_IDLE_A
0h
Force the idle_a condition timer to zero.
Ah
FORCE_IDLE_B
1h
Force the idle_b condition timer to zero.
Ah
FORCE_IDLE_C
2h
Force the idle_c condition timer to zero.
Bh
FORCE_STANDBY_Z
0h
Force the standby_z condition timer to zero.
Bh
FORCE_STANDBY_Y
1h
Force the standby_y condition timer to zero.
all Others
Reserved
0h
Reserved
Description
If the START STOP UNIT command is processed with the POWER CONDITION field set to ACTIVE, IDLE, or
STANDBY, then:
the logical unit shall transition to the specified power condition; and
the device server shall disable the idle condition timer if it is active and disable the standby condition timer if it is
active until another START STOP UNIT command is processed that returns control of the power condition to the
logical unit, or a logical unit reset occurs.
if under initiator control, the two minute floor and 60 head unloads per 24 hour period limits do not apply as they do
when under logical unit/timer control
If the START STOP UNIT command is processed with the POWER CONDITION field set to LU_CONTROL, then the
device server shall initialize and start all of the idle condition timers and standby condition timers that are supported
and enabled.
If the START STOP UNIT command is processed with the POWER CONDITION field set to LU_CONTROL, then the
device server shall enable the idle condition timer if it is active and disable the standby condition timer if it is active.
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272
If the START STOP UNIT command is processed with the POWER CONDITION field set to FORCE_IDLE_0 or
FORCE_STANDBY_0, then the device server shall:
a) force the specified timer to zero, cause the logical unit to transition to the specified power condition, and return
control of the power condition to the device server; or
b) terminate a START STOP UNIT command that selects a timer that is not supported by the device server or a timer
that is not active. The device server shall terminate the command with CHECK CONDITION status with the sense
key set to ILLEGAL REQUEST and the additional sense code set to INVALID FIELD IN CDB.
It is not an error to specify that the logical unit transition to its current power condition. See 18.10.13 " Mode Page
1A (Power Control)" for more information on idle and standby power conditions.
-
LoEj is not supported by the drive and must be set to 0.
Start bit is to specify:
Note: Once the drive has become ready (after a power on), the START STOP UNIT command can
be used without any errors regardless of the state of the motor: stopped or spinning.
0
Stop the spindle
1
Stop the spindle
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18.48 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35)
Table 259
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Immed = 0
Obsolete
Command Code = 35h
1
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command ensures that logical blocks in the cache have their most recent data value
recorded on the media.
- Logical Block Address is to specify where the operation is to begin.
- Immed (immediate) must be 0. An immediate bit of 0 indicates that the status shall not be returned until the
operation has completed. If the Immed bit is set to 1, the drive returns a Check Condition status. The sense
key shall be set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code shall be set to Invalid Field in CDB.
- Number of Blocks specifies the total number of contiguous logical blocks within the range. Number of Blocks
of 0 indicates that all remaining logical blocks on the logical unit shall be within the range.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
274
18.49 SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91)
Table 260
Synchronize Cache (16) - (91)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
0
Immed = 0
Rsvd=0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 91h
1
Reserved = 0
2-9
Logical Block Address
10-13
Number of Blocks
14
Reserved = 0
15
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The SYNCHRONIZE CACHE command ensures that logical blocks in the cache have their most recent data value
recorded on the media. See the SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) description for definitions of the fields in this
command.
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275
18.50 TEST UNIT READY (00)
Table 261
TEST UNIT READY (00)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 00h
Reserved = 0
2-4
5
5
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The TEST UNIT READY command allows the Initiator to check if the drive is READY. The SCSI specification defines
READY as the condition where the device will accept a media-access command without returning Check Condition
status.
The drive will first verify that the motor is spinning at the correct speed. If the spindle motor is not spinning at the
correct speed, Check Condition status is returned with sense key of Not Ready. If the motor is spinning at the
correct speed, the drive accepts normal media access commands.
The TEST UNIT READY command is not intended as a diagnostic. No self diagnostic is performed by the device as
a result of this command.
The TEST UNIT READY command has special significance for power sequencing using the UNIT START command
with an immediate bit of one. In this mode the UNIT START command returns Task Complete status before the
completion of motor spin-up and expects the initiator to issue TEST UNIT READY commands to determine when the
motor has reached the proper speed.
Note:
The spindle automatically starts in automatic spin-up mode. The drive does not execute any commands
other than TEST UNIT READY, INQUIRY, or REQUEST SENSE command until the Power On sequence is
complete. The drive will return Check Condition status with Not Ready sense key and In Process of Becoming
Ready sense code for all other commands during the Power On period.
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276
18.51 VERIFY (10) - (2F)
Table 262
VERIFY (10) - (2F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 2Fh
1
VRPROTECT
DPO
RSVD
=0
ByteChk
RSVD = 0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Verification Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The VERIFY command requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. A verification length of zero
indicates that no data will be transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
Table 263
Byte Check
ByteChk
Function
00b
Indicates that the data is read from the disk and verified using LDPC. If an LDPC
error is detected in the verify process, Check Condition status is returned with
sense key set to Medium Error.
Indicates that a byte-by-byte comparison is performed between the data on the
disk and data transferred from the initiator during the data-out phase. The
number of logical blocks transferred must equal the Verification Length field. If
the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated with Check
Condition status and the sense key is set to Miscompare.
Not defined
01b
10b
11b
Indicates that a byte-by-byte comparison is performed between the data on the
disk and data transferred from the initiator during the data-out phase. The
number of logical blocks transferred must equal one. All blocks specified by the
Verification Length will be compared against the single block of data transferred
by the initiator. If the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated
with Check Condition status and the sense key is set to Miscompare.
DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of one indicates that the data accessed by this command is to be assigned the
lowest priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of one overrides any retention priority
specified in the Mode Select Page 8 Caching Parameters. A DPO bit of zero indicates the priority is determined
by the retention priority. The Initiator should set the DPO bit when the blocks read by this command are not
likely to be read again in the near future.
If caching is enabled, the command performs an implied FUA and an implied Synchronize Cache before starting the
VERIFY. This ensures that the medium, not the cache, is being verified.
The command stops on Check Condition and reports the LBA in error. The command must be reissued, starting with
the next LBA, to verify the remainder of the Drive.
-
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
277
The Verification Length is the number of blocks to check.
The data (if any) from the data-out phase and the data from the media are not retained in the cache. Therefore, the
DPO bit has no effect on this command and is ignored.
VRPROTECT defines the manner in which protection information read from disk shall be checked during processing
of the command. Protection information is stored on disk, and may be validated using the drive's internal checking
algorithms, and also byte-by-byte compared using data from the initiator when ByteChk=1.
If the drive is not formatted with protection information, VRPROTECT must be set to 000b, else Check Condition
status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
278
VRPROTECT=000b
If the drive is not formatted with protection information, only user data is verified.
If the drive is formatted with protection information:
- Logical Block Guard is checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to VERIFY(32) command only)
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
VRPROTECT=001b
- Logical Block Guard is checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to VERIFY(32) command only)
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
VRPROTECT=010b
- Logical Block Guard is not checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to VERIFY(32) command only)
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
VRPROTECT=011b
- Logical Block Guard is not checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is not checked
- Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked
VRPROTECT=100b
- Logical Block Guard is checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is not checked
- Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked
VRPROTECT=101b, 110b, 111b
These values are reserved. Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and
additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
If a check of the protection information fails, Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Aborted
Command and additional sense code indicating which protection field check failed.
If ByteChk=1, the drive's internal checking of protection information is done only when VRPROTECT=000b and the
drive is formatted with protection information
If ByteChk=1, and VRPROTECT is not set to 000b, checking of protection information is performed on the fields
described above as a byte-by-byte comparison against the data transferred to the drive by the initiator during the
Data Out phase.
Refer to the ANSI T10 standards for additional details of protection information.
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279
18.52 VERIFY (12) - (AF)
Table 264
VERIFY (12) - (AF)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
0
1
3
2
1
0
Command Code = AFh
VRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
Reserved =
0
ByteChk
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-9
Verification Length
(LSB)
10
11
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The VERIFY(12) command causes the drive to verify data written on the media. See the VERIFY(10) description
for the definitions of the fields in this command.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
280
18.53 VERIFY (16) - (8F)
Table 265
VERIFY (16) - (8F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 08Fh
1
VRPROTECT
DPO
RSVD
=0
ByteChk
RSVD = 0
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
10-13
Verification Length
(LSB)
14
15
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The VERIFY command requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. See the VERIFY (10)
description for the definitions of the fields in this command.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
281
18.54 VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A)
Table 266
VERIFY (32) - 7F/0A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 07Fh
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
2-5
Reserved = 0
6
Reserved = 0
Group Number = 0
7
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Ah
10
RDPROTECT
11
DPO
RSVD
=0
ByteChk
Reserved=0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12 - 19
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
20 - 23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
24 - 25
Expected Logical Block Application Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
26 - 27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
(LSB)
(MSB)
28 - 31
Verification Length
(LSB)
The VERIFY command requests that the drive verify the data written on the media. Each logical block includes
user data and may include protection information, based on the VPROTECT field and the drive format.
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection types will result in Check
Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Command
Operation Code
The Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to 1 in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a value that is a bit
mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information for each logical
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
282
block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag Mask bit set to 1 enables the checking of the
corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block
Application Tag field in the protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to 0, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block Application Tag
field are ignored.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
283
18.55 WRITE (6) - (0A)
Table 267
WRITE (6) - (0A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 0Ah
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
LBA
Logical Block Address
2-3
(LSB)
4
5
5
Transfer Length
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE command requests the drive to write the specified number of blocks of data (Transfer Length) from the
Initiator to the medium starting at the specified Logical Block Address (LBA).
See Section 18.16 "READ (6) - (08)" for the parameters.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
284
18.56 WRITE (10) - (2A)
Table 268
WRITE (10) - (2A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
1
0
Rsvd=0
FUA_NV
Obsolete
Command Code = 2Ah
WRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE (10) command requests that the drive write the data transferred from the Initiator. This command is
processed like the standard WRITE (6) - (0A) command except for the longer transfer length.
- Transfer Length is the number of contiguous blocks to be transferred. If the transfer length is 0, the seek
occurs, but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
- DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of 1 indicates that the data accessed by this command is to be assigned the lowest
priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of 1 overrides any retention priority specified in
the Mode Select Page 8 Caching Parameters. A DPO bit of 0 indicates that the priority is determined by the
retention priority. The Initiator should set the DPO bit when the blocks written by this command are not likely to
be read in the near future.
- FUA (Force Unit Access) bit of 1 indicates that the Target must write the data to the media before returning
Good status. A FUA bit of 0 indicates that the Target may return Good status prior to writing the data to the
media.
- FUA_NV (Force Unit Access Non-Volatile Cache) may be set to 0 or 1, but is ignored since NV_SUP=0 in
Inquiry Page 86h.
If a WRITE(6) command is received after protection information is enabled, the drive will set the protection
information as follows as it writes each block to disk:
-
the Logical Block Guard field is set to a properly generated CRC
the Logical Block Reference Tag field is set to:
- the least significant four bytes of the LBA, if the drive is formatted with type 1 protection (PROT_EN=1 and
P_TYPE=000b in the READ CAPACITY (16) parameter data); or
- FFFFFFFFh, if the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ
CAPACITY (16) parameter data)
- the Logical Block Application Tag field is set to
- FFFFh, if the ATO bit is set to 1 in Mode Page 0Ah; or
- Any value, if the ATO bit is set to 0
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WRPROTECT defines the manner in which protection information written to disk shall be checked during processing
of the command. Protection information may be transmitted to the drive with the user data, based on the
WRPROTECT bit and the drive format.
If the drive is not formatted with protection information, WRPROTECT must be set to 000b, else Check Condition
status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
WRPROTECT=000b
Protection information is not transmitted to the drive.
If the drive is formatted with protection information, the drive will write protection information to disk based on its
internal algorithms.
WRPROTECT=001b
- Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data
- Logical Block Guard is checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to WRITE (32) command only)
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
WRPROTECT=010b
- Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data
- Logical Block Guard is not checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is checked (applies to WRITE(32) command only)
- Logical Block Reference Tag is checked
WRPROTECT=011b
- Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data
- Logical Block Guard is not checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is not checked
- Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked
WRPROTECT=100b
- Protection information is transmitted to the drive with the user data
- Logical Block Guard is checked
- Logical Block Application Tag is not checked
- Logical Block Reference Tag is not checked
WRPROTECT=101b, 110b, 111b
These values are reserved. Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and
additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
If a check of the protection information fails, Check Condition status will be returned with sense key of Aborted
Command and additional sense code indicating which protection field check failed.
Refer to the ANSI T10 standards for additional details of protection information.
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18.57 WRITE (12) - (AA)
Table 269
WRITE (12) - (AA)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Rsvd=0
FUA_NV
Rsvd=0
Command Code = AAh
1
WRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-9
Transfer Length
(LSB)
10
11
Reserved=0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
The WRITE(12) command causes the drive to write data from the initiator to the media.
description for the definitions of the fields in this command.
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LINK
See the WRITE(10)
18.58 WRITE (16) - (8A)
Table 270
WRITE (16) - (8A)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Rsvd=0
FUA_NV
Rsvd=0
Command Code = 8Ah
1
WRPROTECT
DPO
FUA
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
10-13
Transfer Length
(LSB)
14
15
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE(16) command causes the drive to write data from the initiator to the media. See the WRITE(10)
description for the definitions of the fields in this command.
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18.59 WRITE (32) - (7F/0B)
Table 271
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 7Fh
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
2-5
Reserved = 0
6
Reserved = 0
Group Number = 0
7
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Bh
10
WRPROTECT
11
DPO
FUA
Rsvd=0
FUA_NV
Rsvd=0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12-19
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
20-23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
24-25
Expected Logical Block Application Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
26-27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
(LSB)
(MSB)
28-31
Transfer Length
(LSB)
The WRITE command requests that the drive write data transferred from the initiator to disk. Each logical block
transferred includes user data and may include protection information, based on the WRPROTECT field and the
drive format. Each logical block written includes user data and, if the drive is formatted with protection information
enabled, protection information.
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection types will result in Check
Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Command
Operation Code
The Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to 1 in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a value that is a bit
mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information for each logical
block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag Mask bit set to 1 enables the checking of the
corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block
Application Tag field in the protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to 0, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block Application
Tag field are ignored.
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18.60 WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E)
Table 272
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 2Eh
WRPROTECT
DPO
RSVD
=0
ByteChk
Obsolete
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
WRITE AND VERIFY command requests that the drive writes the data transferred from the Initiator to the medium
and then verify that the data is correctly written. If caching is enabled, an implied FUA (Force Unit Access) and an
implied Synchronize Cache are performed before starting the operation. This insures that data from the disk, not
the cache, is verified.
- See the WRITE (10) command description for the definition of the WRPROTECT field.
- Transfer Length is the number of contiguous blocks to transfer. If the transfer length is zero, the seek occurs,
but no data is transferred. This condition is not considered an error.
If caching is enabled, the command performs an implied FUA and an implied Synchronize Cache before starting
the operation. This insures that the medium, not the cache, is being verified.
Table 273
ByteChk
Function
00b
Indicates that the data is read from the disk and verified using LDPC. If an LDPC
error is detected in the verify process, Check Condition status is returned with
sense key set to Medium Error.
Indicates that a byte-by-byte comparison is performed between the data on the
disk and data transferred from the initiator during the data-out phase. The
number of logical blocks transferred must equal the Verification Length field. If
the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated with Check
Condition status and the sense key is set to Miscompare.
Not defined
Indicates that a byte-by-byte comparison is performed between the data on the
disk and data transferred from the initiator during the data-out phase. The
number of logical blocks transferred must equal one. All blocks specified by the
Verification Length will be compared against the single block of data transferred
by the initiator. If the comparison is unsuccessful, the command is terminated
with Check Condition status and the sense key is set to Miscompare.
01b
10b
11b
-
Byte Check
DPO (Disable Page Out) bit of 1 indicates that the data written by this command is to be assigned the lowest
priority for being written into or retained by the cache. A DPO bit of 1 overrides any retention priority specified in
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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the Mode Select Page 8 Caching parameters. A DPO bit of 0 indicates the priority is determined by the retention
priority.
The Initiator should set the DPO bit when the blocks written by this command are not likely to be read again in
the near future.
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18.61 WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE)
Table 274
WRITE and VERIFY (12) - (AE)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = AEh
1
WRPROTECT
DPO
Reserved
=0
ByteChk
Obsolete
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
6-9
Transfer Length
(LSB)
10
11
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE AND VERIFY command requests that the drive write the data transferred from the Initiator to the
medium and then verify that the data is correctly written. See the WRITE AND VERIFY (10) description for the
definitions of the fields in this command.
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18.62 WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E)
Table 275
WRITE and VERIFY (16) - (8E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 8Eh
1
WRPROTECT
DPO
RSVD
=0
ByteChk
Obsole
te
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
10-13
Transfer Length
(LSB)
14
15
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE AND VERIFY command requests that the drive write the data transferred from the Initiator to the
medium and then verify that the data is correctly written.
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18.63 WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C)
Table 276
WRITE and VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
4
3
2
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
0
FLAG
LINK
Reserved = 0
Reserved = 0
Group Number = 0
7
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Ch
10
1
Command Code = 7Fh
2-5
6
5
WRPROTECT
DPO
RSVD
=0
ByteChk
11
Reserved = 0
12 - 19
Logical Block Address
20 - 23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
24 - 25
Expected Logical Block Application
26 - 27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
28 - 31
Transfer Length
Reserved=0
The WRITE AND VERIFY command requests that the drive write the data transferred from the initiator to disk and
then verify that the data is correctly written.
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection types will result in Check
Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Command
Operation Code
The Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to 1 in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a value that is a bit
mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information for each logical
block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag Mask bit set to 1 enables the checking of the
corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical Block
Application Tag field in the protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to 0, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block Application
Tag field are ignored.
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18.64 WRITE BUFFER (3B)
Table 277
WRITE BUFFER (3B)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
1
4
3
2
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 3Bh
Mode Specific
Mode
2
Buffer ID
3-5
Buffer Offset
6-8
Parameter List Length
9
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
The WRITE BUFFER command is used in conjunction with the READ BUFFER command as a diagnostic function
for testing the memory of the drive and the SCSI bus integrity. This command does not alter the medium of the drive.
Additional modes are provided for downloading microcode and saving microcode.
This command will cause the entire cache to be emptied.
The function of this command and the meaning of fields within the command descriptor block depend on the
contents of the mode field.
If any values other than shown above are specified, Check Condition status is returned with a sense key of Illegal
Request and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
MOD
Description
00000
Write combined header and data
00010
Data
00100
Download Microcode
00101
Download Microcode and Save - single binary file
00111
Download Microcode and Save - multiple binary files
01010
Write Data to Echo Buffer
01101
Download microcode with offsets, select activation events,
save, and defer activate
01110
Download microcode with offsets, save, and defer activate
01111
Activate deferred microcode
11010
Enable expander Communications Protocol
All Others
Not Supported
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18.64.1 Combined Header And Data (Mode 00000b)
In this mode, the data to be transferred is preceded by a four-byte header.
Buffer ID must be 0. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the command is terminated
with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to
Illegal Field in CDB.
Buffer Offset must be 0. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the command is
terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional
sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.
Parameter List Length specifies the number of bytes that shall be transferred during the DATA OUT phase. This
number includes four bytes of header, so the data length to be stored in the drive buffer is transfer length minus four.
If the length exceeds the buffer size, the command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall
set sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB. A Parameter List Length of less
than four (size of header) indicates no data is transferred.
The 4-byte header consists of all reserved bytes.
Table 278
Write Buffer Header
Bit
Byte
7
6
0-3
5
4
3
2
1
0
Reserved = 0
18.64.2 Write Data (Mode 00010b)
In this mode, the DATA OUT phase contains buffer data.
Buffer ID must be 0. If another value is specified, no download function is performed and the command is terminated
with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to
Illegal Field In CDB.
Buffer Offset specifies the offset of the memory space specified by the Buffer ID. The initiator should conform to the
offset boundary requirements returned in the READ BUFFER descriptor. If the value exceeds the buffer specified,
the command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request
and additional sense code to Illegal Field In CDB.
Parameter List Length specifies the Parameter List Length. It must be
- less than the capacity of the buffer size after adding the Buffer Offset value and
- on a sector boundary
A Parameter List Length of 0 indicates no data is to be transferred and command status is returned.
If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the
sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field In CDB.
18.64.3 Download Microcode (Mode 00100b)
NOTE: It is not expected that a customer will ever issue this format of the command.
In this mode, the microcode is transferred to the control memory space of the drive. When downloaded, the drive will
operate with the newly downloaded code immediately until the next power cycle.
Buffer ID field is used to indicate which portion of the microcode image is being downloaded. The following Buffer
IDs are supported by the Target:
-
00h: Main Microprocessor Code
- nnh: ID of Vendor Unique Reserved Area
Any unsupported value for the Buffer ID will cause the command to terminate with Check Condition status. And the
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field In CDB.
Buffer Offset must be 0. If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated with Check Condition status.
The drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to Illegal Field in CDB.
Parameter List Length must be the size of the data set to be downloaded. It may also be set to 0000h in which
case no code is updated and command status is returned. If an invalid value is specified, the command is terminated
with Check Condition status. And the drive shall set the sense key to Illegal Request and additional sense code to
Illegal Field In CDB.
This process generates a unit attention condition for MICROCODE HAS BEEN CHANGED for all Initiators except
the one which sent the WRITE BUFFER command. Upon the completion of the WRITE BUFFER command the new
microcode is immediately ready for operation.
Note: The Download Microcode mode described in this specification is to indicate that the drive will accept a
command with this mode, though it is not expected that a user will ever issue such a command. To use the write
buffer command with this mode, a special microcode version is required from development. If such a microcode is
released from development, then it will include appropriate instructions on the function of new microcode and its
effect on the drive operations after download.
18.64.4 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00101b) -Single Binary
File
In this mode the data is transferred to the drive to save into the System reserved area on the disk. This is for
functional upgrade and configuration change reflecting the user's requirements and the manufacturer’s reason or
both, and it is stored in the media as a permanent copy. The newly downloaded code becomes effective after the
drive issues and completes a self-initiated Power On Reset.
Note: It requires up to 30 seconds to update the microcode including the Flash ROM update.
Note: New code to be downloaded to the drive will be provided by development either by request of a customer for
an additional function or as a result of a functional change by development. However please note that not all possible
fixes or new functions can be applied to a drive in this manner and that there is a very high dependency on the level
of ROM code contained within the drive. If an invalid code or a code not compatible with the ROM code is
downloaded, the drive will usually reject this code and will continue normal operation. However there is a small
possibility that an invalid code will be accepted. If this occurs, the unit usually becomes inoperable and will have to
be returned to the manufacturer for recovery.
Buffer ID field is used to indicate which portion of the microcode image is being downloaded. To download
microcode, the buffer ID should be set to 00h. Other values are reserved for HGST development purposes only.
18.64.5 Download Microcode and Save (Mode 00111b) - Multiple
Binary Files
In this mode the target receives a segment of the binary microcode file. The Parameter List Length (segment length)
of each segment shall be a multiple of 4K bytes. The total length of all segments received shall be equal to the total
length of the binary microcode file. All segments must be sent in the proper sequential order.
If an invalid Parameter List Length is specified, Check Condition status is returned with sense key of Illegal Request
and additional sense code of Invalid Field in CDB.
The first segment sent in this mode indicates, by default, the first segment of the binary microcode file. If a Check
Condition status is returned in this mode, a Buffer ID == 00h in the subsequent Write Buffer command in this mode
indicates the first segment of the binary microcode file. Otherwise the Buffer ID field is ignored.
The Buffer Offset field is ignored.
After all segments of the binary microcode file have been received, the drive behavior is the same as Download
Microcode and Save (Mode 00101b) - Single Binary File.
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18.64.6 Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 01010b)
In this mode the Target transfers data into the echo buffer. The echo buffer is assigned in the same manner by the
Target as it would for a WRITE operation. Data will be sent aligned on 4-byte boundaries.
Upon successful completion of a WRITE BUFFER command the data will be preserved in the echo buffer unless
there is an intervening command to any logical unit, in which case it may be changed.
18.64.7 Download Microcode with Offsets, Select Activation Events,
Save, and Defer Activate (Mode 01101b)
In this mode, microcode shall be transferred to the device server using one or more WRITE BUFFER commands,
saved to nonvolatile storage, and considered deferred.
The deferred microcode shall be activated and no longer considered deferred if a WRITE BUFFER command with
the activate deferred microcode mode (0Fh) is processed
The Mode Specific field specifies additional events that shall be used to activate the deferred microcode.
Table 279 Mode Specific Field
Bit
7
6
5
…
PO_ACT
HR_ACT
VSE_ACT
…
If the power on activate (PO_ACT) bit is set to 1, then deferred microcode shall be activated and no longer
considered deferred if a power on occurs. If the PO_ACT bit is set to 0, then deferred microcode shall not be
activated if a power on occurs.
The hard reset activate (HR_ACT) bit is not supported.
The vendor specific event activate (VSE_ACT) bit is not supported.
The supported activation events are reported in the POA_SUP bit, HRA_SUP bit, and VSA_SUP bit in the Extended
Inquiry VPD page. If the Mode Specific field specifies an activation event that is not supported (e.g., if the PO_ACT
bit is set to 1 and the POA_SUP bit is set to 0), then the drive will terminate the command with Check Condition
status with the sense key set to Illegal Request and the additional sense code set to Invalid Field In CDB.
18.64.8 Download Microcode with Offsets, Save, and Defer Activate
(Mode 01110b)
In this mode, microcode shall be transferred to the device server using one or more WRITE BUFFER commands,
saved to nonvolatile storage, and considered deferred.
The deferred microcode shall be activated and no longer considered deferred when one of the following occurs:
a) a power on;
b) a WRITE BUFFER command with the activate deferred microcode mode (0Fh) is processed.
c) a Self Initiated Reset occurs.
18.64.9 Activate Deferred Microcode Mode (Mode 01111b)
In this mode, deferred microcode that has been saved using the download microcode with offsets, save, and defer
activate mode, if any, shall be activated and no longer considered deferred.
The BUFFER ID field, the BUFFER OFFSET field, and PARAMETER LIST LENGTH field shall be ignored in this
mode.
18.64.10 Enable Expander Communications Protocol (Mode 11010b)
In this mode the drive behavior is the same as Write Data to Echo Buffer (Mode 0101b).
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18.65 WRITE LONG (10)
Table 280
(3F)
WRITE LONG (3F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 3Fh
COR_DIS
WR_UNCOR
PBLOCK=0
Reserved = 0
Obsolete
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Byte Transfer Length
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE LONG command requests the drive to write one block of data transferred from the Initiator.
The transfer data must include
- User Data
- 18 bytes of MEDC data
All WRITE LONG commands will behave as if the WR_UNCOR bit was set with the exception of having the
COR_DIS bit set. COR_DIS bit behavior will take precedence if both WR_UNCOR and COR_DIS bits are set
Parameters are
- COR_DIS - correction disabled, bit 7 in byte 1. When this bit is set to 1, the drive will mark the LBA as a
pseudo unrecovered error with correction disabled. A subsequent read to this LBA would:
a)
Perform no error recovery on the block; perform no automatic reallocation of the affected logical blocks,
including any automatic reallocation enabled by the Read-Write Error Recovery mode page;
b)
Not consider errors on the affected logical blocks to be informational exception conditions as defined in the
Information Exceptions Control mode page (see SPC-4);
c)
not log errors on the affected logical blocks in the Error Counter log pages
d)
On a read to the LBA, return check condition status with the sense key set to Medium Error and the
additional sense code set to read error marked bad by client.
WR_UNCOR - write uncorrectable, bit 6 in byte 1. If the COR_DIS bit is not set, the drive will behave in the
following manor regardless of the state of this bit. The drive will create a pseudo unrecovered error with
correction enabled. On following read commands to the LBA, the drive will:
a)
use our normal recovery procedures (which will end in a hard error);
b)
perform no automatic reallocation of the affected logical blocks, including any automatic reallocation
enabled by the Read-Write Error Recovery mode page;
c)
consider errors on the affected logical blocks to be informational exception conditions as defined in the
Information Exceptions Control mode page (see SPC-4);
d)
log errors on the affected logical blocks in the Error Counter log pages
e)
On a read to the LBA, return check condition status with the sense key set to Medium Error and the
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
300
additional sense code set to read error marked bad by client.
The error state for LBA written with the COR_DIS or WR_UNCOR bits set, will remain in effect until the
LBA is rewritten by a write, write same, format, write long without COR_DIS set, reassign or write verify
command.
-
Logical Block Address field specifies the logical block at which the write operation shall occur.
Byte Transfer Length. This field must specify the exact number of bytes of data available for transfer. If a
non-zero byte transfer length does not match the available data length, the Target terminates the command with
Check Condition status, then the sense key is set to Illegal Request, and an additional sense code is set to
Invalid Field in CDB. The valid and ILI bits are set to one and the information field is set to the difference of the
requested length minus the actual length in bytes. Negative values are indicated by two's complement notation.
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18.66 WRITE LONG (16) - (9F)
Table 281
WRITE LONG (9F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = 9Fh
COR_DIS
WR_UNCOR
PBLOCK=0
Service Action (11h)
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
10-11
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12-13
Byte Transfer Length
(LSB)
14
15
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
Refer to Write Long (10) for field definitions.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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FLAG
LINK
18.67 WRITE SAME (10) - (41)
Table 282
WRITE SAME (41)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
1
5
4
3
2
1
0
LBDATA=0
Obsolete
Command Code = 41h
WRPROTECT
Reserved = 0
PBDATA=0
(MSB)
2-5
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
6
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
7-8
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
9
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The WRITE SAME command instructs the Target to write a single block of data transferred to the Target from the
Initiator to a number of sequential logical blocks. This command is useful for writing large data areas without sending
all of the data over the SCSI bus.
- See the WRITE(10) command description for the definition of the WRPROTECT field.
- Logical Block Address specifies the address at which the write begins. The Number of Blocks specifies the
number of contiguous blocks to be written. If the number is zero, all of the remaining blocks on the specified
Logical Unit are written.
- Number of Blocks specifies the number of contiguous blocks to be written. If the number is zero, all of the
remaining blocks on the specified logical unit are written.
- RelAdr (Relative Block Address) is not supported and must be set to be zero.
The data for this command is not retained in the cache.
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18.68 WRITE SAME (16) - (93)
Table 283
WRITE SAME (16) - (93)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
PBDATA=0
LBDATA=0
Obsolete
Command Code = 93h
1
WRPROTECT
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
2-9
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
10-13
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
14
15
Reserved = 0
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
FLAG
LINK
The Write Same command instructs the Target to write a single block of data transferred to the Target from the
Initiator to a number of sequential logical blocks. This command is useful for writing large data areas without sending
all of the data over the SCSI bus. See the WRITE(10) command description for the definition of the WRPROTECT
field.
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18.69 WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D)
Table 284
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D)
Bit
Byte
7
6
0
5
4
3
2
1
0
FLAG
LINK
Command Code = 7Fh
1
VU = 0
Reserved = 0
2-5
Reserved = 0
6
Reserved = 0
Group Number = 0
7
Additional CDB Length = 18h
8-9
Service Action = 000Dh
10
WRPROTECT
11
Reserved = 0
PBDATA=0
LBDATA=0
Reserved =0
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
12 - 19
Logical Block Address
(LSB)
(MSB)
20 - 23
Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
24 - 25
Expected Logical Block Application Tag
(LSB)
(MSB)
26 - 27
Logical Block Application Tag Mask
(LSB)
(MSB)
28 - 31
Number of Blocks
(LSB)
The WRITE SAME command requests that the drive write a single block of data transferred from the initiator to disk
for a number of sequential logical blocks. This command is useful for writing large data areas with the same data,
without sending all of the data over the interface. Each logical block transferred includes user data and may include
protection information, based on the WRPROTECT field and the drive format. Each logical block written includes
user data and, if the drive is formatted with protection information enabled, protection information.
If the drive is formatted with type 2 protection (PROT_EN=1 and P_TYPE=001b in the READ CAPACITY (16)
parameter data), then this command will be processed normally. Any other protection types will result in Check
Condition status to be returned with sense key of Illegal Request and additional sense code of Invalid Command
Operation Code
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The Expected Initial Logical Block Reference Tag field contains the value of the Logical Block Reference Tag field
expected in the protection information of the first logical block accessed by the command.
If the ATO bit is set to one in Mode Page 0Ah, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field contains a value that is a
bit mask for enabling the checking of the Logical Block Application Tag field in the protection information for each
logical block accessed by the command. A Logical Block Application Tag Mask bit set to one enables the checking of
the corresponding bit of the Expected Logical Block Application Tag field with the corresponding bit of the Logical
Block Application Tag field in the protection information.
If the ATO bit is set to zero, the Logical Block Application Tag Mask field and the Expected Logical Block Application
Tag field are ignored.
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19
SCSI Status Byte
Upon the completion of a command a status byte is sent to the initiator. Additional sense information may also be
available depending on the contents of the status byte. The following section describes the possible values for the
status byte and sense data. All Reserved fields are set to zero.
Table 285
SCSI Status Byte. Format of the SCSI STATUS byte.
Bit
7
6
Reserved = 0
5
4
3
Status Code
2
1
0
RSVD
STATUS BYTE
Description
00h
GOOD
The command has been successfully completed.
CHECK CONDITION
An error, exception, or abnormal condition has been detected. The sense data is set by the
drive. The REQUEST SENSE command should be issued to determine the nature of the
condition.
CONDITION MET
This status is returned when an unlinked PRE-FETCH command has been successfully
completed.
BUSY
This condition is returned when disconnect privilege is not granted while the drive is BUSY
processing the other command for the other initiator. The normal initiator recovery action is to
issue the command at a later time or to reissue the command and grant the disconnect
privilege.
INTERMEDIATE
Not supported.
INTERMEDIATE CONDITION MET
Not supported.
RESERVATION CONFLICT
This status is returned whenever an SCSI device attempts to access the drive, but it has been
reserved by another initiator.
QUEUE FULL
This status indicates that the target's command queue is full. If a tagged command queuing
feature is enabled and there is no room on the command queue, this status is returned when the
initiator sends a command. For this status, sense data are not valid.
02h
04h
08h
10h
14h
18h
28h
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20
Additional information
This chapter provides additional information or descriptions of various functions, features, or operating models
supported by the Target that are not fully described in previous chapters.
20.1
SCSI Protocol
There are various operating conditions that prevent the Target from executing a SCSI command. This section
describes each of these operating conditions and their relative priority.
20.1.1
Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting
After establishing the I_T_L nexus or I_T_L_Q nexus the Target must first determine whether command execution is
allowed. Execution is deferred until a later time if the command must be added to the command queue. Execution
may also be prevented by an internal Target condition that requires the reporting of a Check Condition, Queue Full,
Busy, or Reservation Conflict Status. There are several different internal conditions to be active at the same time.
The order in which the Target checks for each of these conditions determines their priority (highest priority first) as
follows:
1.
Check Condition status for invalid Logical Unit Number. (See Section 20.1.2 "Invalid LUN Processing")
2.
3.
Check Condition status for Incorrect Initiator Connection (See Section 20.1.3 "Overlapped Commands")
Check Condition status for Unit Attention Condition (See Section 20.1.5 "Unit Attention Condition")
4.
Busy Status or Queue Full Status (See 20.1.4 "Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O
Process")
5. Check Condition status for Deferred Error Condition (See Section 20.1.8 “Deferred Error Condition”)
6. Check Condition status during Startup and Format operations (See Section 20.1.6 “Command Processing
During Startup and Format Operations”)
7. Reservation Conflict status (See Section 20.1.10 “Command Processing while Reserved")
8. Check Condition status for invalid command op code
9. Check Condition status for invalid command descriptor block
The highest priority internal condition that prevents command execution is reported by the Target provided there is
no bus error.
For all Check Conditions Sense data is built by the target provided a valid LUN address is known. Sense data is
cleared by the Target upon receipt of any subsequent command to the LUN from the initiator receiving the Check
Condition.
20.1.2
Invalid LUN Processing
Any value other than zero is invalid.
The target's response to an invalid LUN varies with the command, as follows:
Inquiry: Execute the command, return the INQUIRY data that indicates unknown device type (byte 0 = 7Fh), and
return GOOD status. All other bytes are valid (see 18.5 "INQUIRY (12)").
Request Sense: Execute the command, return the sense data with the Sense Key set to Illegal Request and the
Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT SUPPORTED, and return
GOOD status (see also 18.36 "REQUEST SENSE (03)").
All Others: Do not execute the command and return CHECK CONDITION status, along with the auto-sense data
with the Sense Key set to Illegal Request and the Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier set to
LOGICAL UNIT NOT SUPPORTED.
In all cases, the target's response to the command for an invalid LUN does not affect the current execution of a
command on the valid LUN for this initiator or any other initiator.
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20.1.3
Overlapped Commands
The drive does not perform any overlapped command checking.
20.1.4
Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O
Process
When the target is not executing any I/O processes, a new I/O process is permitted to execute (unless execution is
prevented by another internal target condition listed in 20.1.1 "Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting").
If an active I/O process exists when the target receives a new command, then the target determines if:
- the command is permitted to execute
- the command is added to the queue
- Queue Full status is to be returned
- Busy status is to be returned
If an active I/O process exists when the target receives a new command, then the target determines how the new
command should be handled based on the following rules:
-
Check Condition status is returned with sense key set to Logical Unit Not Ready if:
the startup operation or a format operation is active. See Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O
Process for the exact conditions which cause this response.
Note: If a Unit Attention is pending when this condition exists, the sense key is set to Unit Attention rather than
Logical Unit Not Ready since Unit Attention has a higher reporting priority (see 20.1.4 "Command Processing During
Execution of Active I/O Process")
-
-
The command is permitted to execute if:
the command is a priority command (see Concurrent I/O Process the conditions to execute concurrently are met
(see 20.1.1 "Priority of SCSI Status Byte Reporting")
The command is added to the queue if:
any I/O process already exists at the target, and
this is not an incorrect initiator connection.
Queue Full status is returned if:
the command would otherwise be added to the queue (according to the rules described above), but all slots in
the queue are full, or the command would otherwise be added to the queue (according to the rules described
above), but all of the available queue slots not reserved for use by another initiator are full, or a Format Unit
command was previously queued but has not yet begun execution, or the target is in a Degraded Mode (see
"Degraded Mode") and a Start Unit command was previously queued but has not yet begun execution.
Busy status is never returned on SCSI or FCAL. BUSY status is returned on SAS if more than 64 unique
Initiators send frames to the drive since the last POR. In that case, BUSY status in only returned for Initiators
above and beyond the first 64.
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20.1.5
Unit Attention Condition
The target generates a unit attention condition when one of the following occurs:
- The target has been reset
-
This includes a power-on reset or a reset caused by a LUN Reset Task Management function or Hard Reset
sequence. In all of these cases, a unit attention condition is generated for each initiator.
MODE SELECT command has been executed
In this case, a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the MODE
SELECT command. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported is MODE
PARAMETERS CHANGED. The unit attention condition is generated if any of the current page parameters
are set by the MODE SELECT command. The target does not check to see that the old parameters are
different from the new parameters. For example: If the initiator issues a MODE SENSE command with a page
code to report the current values followed by a MODE SELECT command with the same parameter list, a unit
attention condition is generated despite the fact that the current parameters were not changed from their
previous value. However, if the target detects an illegal parameter or error condition prior to modifying the
current parameters, a unit attention condition is not generated since the parameters were not set. The unit
attention condition is also not generated if the MODE SELECT command parameter list does not include any
pages and only the header or header/block descriptor is present.
-
FORMAT UNIT command has been executed
In this case, a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the FORMAT
UNIT command. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported is NOT READY
TO READY TRANSITION, (MEDIUM MAY HAVE CHANGED). This indicates that the block descriptor
parameters from the last MODE SELECT command have been used and are now considered current
values.
-
WRITE BUFFER command to download microcode has been executed
In this case, a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the WRITE
BUFFER command. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier reported is
MICROCODE HAS BEEN CHANGED.
-
Commands Cleared by another initiator
This unit attention condition is generated after an initiator sends a Clear Task Set Task Management
function. The unit attention condition is generated for all other initiators with I/O processes that were either
active or queued for the logical unit. The Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier
reported is COMMANDS CLEARED BY ANOTHER INITIATOR.
-
LOG SELECT command with PCR bit has cleared parameters.
In this case, a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators except the one that issued the LOG
SELECT command. The additional sense code and additional sense code qualifier reported is Log Select
Parameters Changed.
The registration or reservation made by a Persistent Reserve Out command was cleared by another initiator.
In this case, a unit attention condition is generated for the initiator that held the cleared registration or
reservation.
A Predictive Failure Analysis threshold has been reached and the Method of Reporting field of mode page 1Ch
is 2h.
-
-
The unit attention condition persists for each initiator until that initiator clears the condition from the logical unit
as described below. Several commands are handled as special cases during a unit attention condition these
cases are also discussed below.
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If the target receives a command from an initiator before reporting a CHECK CONDITION status for a pending unit
attention condition for that initiator, the target's response varies with the command as follows:
Inquiry
Report Luns
Request Sense
All Others
Execute the command, return GOOD status, and preserve the unit attention condition.
Same as above
Execute the command, return any pending sense data, return GOOD status, and preserve the
unit attention condition. If there is not any pending sense data, the sense data associated with
the highest priority unit attention condition is returned and the highest priority unit attention
condition is cleared for this initiator.
Do not execute the command, return a CHECK CONDITION status, clear the highest priority
unit attention condition for this initiator and return the associated sense data.
More than one unit attention condition may be generated for an initiator before that initiator
clears the unit attention condition.
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20.1.6
Command Processing During Startup and Format
Operations
If the Target receives a command from an Initiator while the Target is executing a startup or format operation, the
response of the Target varies with the command as follows:
INQUIRY
The drive sends inquiry data and returns appropriate status.
REQUEST SENSE
Executes the command, returns a Sense key of NOT READY and an Additional Sense Code
of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY and returns GOOD STATUS.
The Additional Sense Code Qualifier that is returned depends on type of I/O processes that
are active:
For the START/UNIT STOP and the Auto-start operation, the qualifier returned is LOGICAL
UNIT IS IN PROCESS OF BECOMING READY. For the FORMAT UNIT command, the
qualifier returned is LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, FORMAT IN PROGRESS, and the Sense
key specific bytes are set to return the progress indication.
REPORT LUNS
ALL OTHER
The drive sends REPORT LUNS data and appropriate status.
The drive terminates the command with CHECK CONDITION status. The Sense data
generated is described in Request Sense above.
20.1.7
Internal Error Condition
The Target generates an Internal Error condition for all Initiators when an internally initiated operation ends with an
unrecoverable error, that is, the startup sequence for Auto Start enabled terminates after the SCSI bus has been
enabled and prior to completion of the bring-up sequence.
An Internal Error condition causes Sense data to be generated and saved for all Initiators. The Error Code field of the
Sense is set for a Current Error (70h or 72h) and the Sense Key is set to HARDWARE ERROR. Recovered errors
are not reported.
The Internal Error condition persists for each Initiator until that Initiator clears the condition from the logical unit as
described below. Several commands are handled as special cases during an Internal Error condition. These cases
are also discussed.
If the Target receives a command from an Initiator while an Internal Error condition exists for that Initiator, the
response of the Target varies with the command as follows:
INQUIRY
REQUEST SENSE
ALL OTHER
20.1.8
The drive executes the command with GOOD status and does not clear the Internal Error
condition.
The drive executes the command, returns the sense data generated by the Internal Error
condition, returns Good Status, and clears the Internal Error condition for that Initiator.
The drive terminates the command with a CHECK CONDITION status and clears the Internal
Error condition.
Deferred Error Condition
Error code (71h or 73h) of sense data indicates that the Check Condition status returned is the result of an error or
exception condition that occurred during execution of a previous command for which Good status has already been
returned.
The drive creates an Deferred Error condition when
-
Execution of a Format Unit command with the immediate bit of one ends with an error.
Execution of a Write command with WCE (Write Cache Enable) bit of one ends with an error.
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20.1.9
Degraded Mode
There are certain errors or conditions which may impair the ability of the drive to function normally. Rather than fail
hard the drive is designed to be as responsive as possible. Also, in most cases, some action on the part of the
initiator may be used to restore normal operation. This mode of limited operation is called Degraded Mode.
There are 3 conditions in the Degraded Mode:
-
Spindle Motor Degrade which is caused by one of the following conditions:
- Spindle Motor was started (by POR or Unit Start command) and the Target is under Self Configuration.
- Spindle Motor Failed to start.
- Spindle Motor was stopped by Unit Stop command after the Target successfully completed the Self
Configuration.
- Self Configuration Failure Degraded which is caused by one of the following conditions:
- RAM Code, Configuration Sector Read Failure
- RAM Code, Configuration Sector Revision Mismatch
- Format Command Failure Degraded. This condition is caused when Format Unit command failed or was
interrupted abnormally (Mode Page 0, byte 5, bit 4 FDD controls Format Degraded mode)
20.1.9.1
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Disable
Auto Start
The tables on the following pages show the degraded mode status with acceptable commands and additional sense
codes
Table 286
Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Disable Auto Start
Command (w/Option)
Response
Request Sense
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 0402h
(Initialize Command Required)
Inquiry (EVPD=0)
Executed
Inquiry (EVPD=1)
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 05h (Illegal Request)
ASC/ASCQ 2400h (Invalid Field in CDB)
Test Unit Ready
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ
0402h (Initialize Command Required)
Start Stop Unit
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
- Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM Code NOT load)
Start Stop Unit
(Stop)
Executed. Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is NOT cleared
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0402h (Initialize Command Required)
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20.1.9.2
Table 287
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Auto
Start Delay/ Spinning Up
Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Auto Start Delay/Spinning Up
Command (w/Option)
Response
Request Sense
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 0401h (In
Process of Becoming Ready)
Inquiry (EVPD=0)
Executed
Inquiry (EVPD=1)
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 05h (Illegal Request)
ASC/ASCQ 2400h (Invalid Field in CDB)
Test Unit Ready
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ
0401h (In Process of Becoming Ready)
Start Stop Unit
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
- Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM Code NOT load)
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0401h (In Process of Becoming Ready)
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20.1.9.3
Table 288
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Spindle
Start Failure
Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Start Failure
Command (w/Option)
Response
Request Sense
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 0400h
(Start Spindle Motor Fail)
Inquiry (EVPD=0)
Executed
Inquiry (EVPD=1)
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 05h (Illegal Request)
ASC/ASCQ 2400h (Invalid Field in CDB)
Test Unit Ready
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
Start Stop Unit
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
- Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM Code NOT load)
Start Stop Unit
(Stop)
Executed. Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is NOT cleared
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
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20.1.9.4
Table 289
Response to SCSI Command in Degraded Mode - Spindle
Stopped by Unit Stop Command
Spindle Motor Degraded Mode - Spindle Stopped by Command
Command (w/Option)
Response
Request Sense
Executed. The Target may return Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 0402h
(Initialize Command Required)
Inquiry (EVPD=0)
Executed
Inquiry (EVPD=1)
Executed
Test Unit Ready
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0402h (Initialize Command Required)
Start Stop Unit
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
- Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code NOT load)
Start Stop Unit
(Stop)
Executed. Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is NOT cleared
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0402h (Initialize Command Required)
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20.1.9.5
Table 290
Self Configuration Failure Degraded Mode
Self Configuration Failure Degraded Mode
Command (w/Option)
Response
Request Sense
Executed. The Target may return
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code NOT load)
Inquiry (EVPD=0)
Executed
Inquiry (EVPD=1)
Executed and Check Condition is returned with
Sense Key 05h (Illegal Request) ASC/ASCQ 2400h (Invalid Field in CDB)
Test Unit Ready
Executed and Check Condition is returned with
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code NOT load)
Start Stop Unit
(Start)
Executed
- Success: Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Spindle Motor Start Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 0400h (Start Spindle Motor Fail)
- Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code NOT load)
Write Buffer
(Download and Save)
Executed.
- Success: Good Status is returned. Motor Degraded Mode is cleared
- Self Configuration Failure: Check Condition with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code NOT load)
Other Commands
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 4080h (Diag Fail- Bring up Fail)
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 4085h (Diag Fail-RAM code NOT load)
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20.1.9.6
Table 291
Format Command Failure Degraded Mode
Format Command Failure Degraded Mode
Command (w/Option)
Response
Request Sense
Executed. The Target may return
Sense Key 02h (Not Ready) ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted)
Sense Key 03h (Medium Error) ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted)
Inquiry (EVPD=0)
Executed
Inquiry (EVPD=1)
Executed
Test Unit Ready
Executed and Check Condition is returned with Sense Key 02h (Not Ready)
ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted)
Format Unit
Executed
- Success: Good Status is returned. Format Degraded Mode is cleared
- Failure: Check Condition Status is returned and Format Degraded Mode is NOT
cleared.
Other Commands
(read and write)
Not Executed. Check Condition Status is returned with Sense Key 03h (Medium
Error) ASC/ASCQ 3100h (Format Corrupted)
Non-read/write commands will execute so the drive is as responsive as possible and
for restoring normal operation.
Note: Mode Page 0 byte 5 bit 4 (FDD) = 0
Note: See also Section 20.1.9 "Degraded Mode" and Section 18.4 "FORMAT UNIT (04)".
20.1.10 Command Processing while Reserved
A logical unit is reserved after successful execution of the Reserve command. Each time a Reserve command is
executed successfully, the Target records the SCSI ID of the Initiator that made the reservation and the SCSI ID of
the Initiator that is to receive the reservation. This information is needed to determine whether subsequent
commands should be permitted or if the Reservation Conflict Status should be reported. The Initiator that made the
reservation is the Initiator that issued the Reserve command. The Initiator to receive the reservation may be either
the same or a different Initiator (third-party reservation).
If the logical unit is reserved when a new command is received, the Target examines the command opcode and the
SCSI ID of the issuing Initiator to determine whether a Reservation Conflict Status should be returned based on the
following rules:
If the issuing Initiator is the one that made the reservation and also the one to receive the reservation, then all
commands are permitted.
If the issuing Initiator is neither the one that made the reservation nor the one to receive the reservation, then
- A Request Sense or Inquiry command is permitted.
- A Release command is permitted but is ignored.
- Any other command results in a Reservation Conflict Status.
If the issuing Initiator is the one that made the reservation but is not the one to receive the reservation, then
- An Inquiry, Request Sense, Reserve, or Release command is permitted.
- Any other command results in a Reservation Conflict Status.
If the issuing Initiator is not the one that made the reservation but is the one to receive the reservation, then
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- A Reserve command results in a Reservation Conflict Status.
- A Release command is permitted but is ignored.
- Any other command is permitted.
If a Reservation Conflict Status is not reported and the command is permitted, then the Target checks the next
highest priority internal condition to determine whether execution is allowed. See Section 20.1.1 "Priority of SCSI
Status Byte Reporting"
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20.2
Priority Commands
Certain SCSI commands always execute without returning a Busy Status or Reservation Conflict Status in response
to the command. These commands are
- Inquiry
- Request Sense
- Report LUNs
- Test Unit Ready
These commands are executed prior to attempting to complete the execution of any other pending command in the
queue. These commands are never queued.
20.3
Command Queuing
When the initiator specifies that the drive shall disable command queuing, the initiator must send only untagged
commands. When the initiator specifies that the target shall enable command queuing, the initiator may send either
tagged or untagged command, but shall not use both at the same time.
The following commands are never queued.
-
Priority Commands (i.e.: Request Sense and Inquiry)
Commands for an invalid LUN.
20.3.1
Queue Depth
Any initiator can queue at least one command at any time irrespective of the actions of any other initiators in the
system. A single initiator may queue up to 128 commands, if no other initiator has more than one command in the
queue, although at times this maximum may be reduced as the drive can reserve command blocks for internal use.
20.3.2
Queue Full Status
The drive will respond with QUEUE FULL status to a SCSI command when all queue slots are utilized. The SCSI
command is not placed in the command queue under this condition.
20.3.3
Termination of I/O Processes
Normal termination of I/O processes occurs when the target returns SCSI status. I/O processes may also be
terminated by the following:
- An ABORT TASK terminates the specified I/O process from the issuing initiator
- An ABORT TASK SET terminates all I/O processes from the issuing initiator
- A CLEAR TASK SET, TARGET RESET or reset terminates all I/O processes from all initiators
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20.4
Command Reordering
Command reordering is supported when enabled by the Queue Algorithm Modifier in mode page 0A (see 18.10.9
"Mode Page 0A (Control Mode Page Parameters)”.
20.5
Concurrent I/O Process
Concurrent commands are always allowed to execute concurrently with non-priority commands. A second priority
command received while a priority command is being executed is put at the head of the command queue.
- WRITE commands when another WRITE command is an active I/O process
- READ commands when another READ command is an active I/O process
When a concurrent command ends in CHECK CONDITION status, the QErr bit on the Mode Page 0Ah will
determine how other active I/O processes from the same initiator for that drive will be handled.
20.6
Write Cache
If the WCE (Write cache enable) bit is 1, the drive returns Good Status and closes the connection immediately after
receiving the data of the last sector before actually writing the data onto the media.
If the drive detects an error after it returns a Good Status, the drive sets a Deferred Error (Error Code of sense data =
71h) and a following command will be returned with Check Condition and the Contingent allegiance condition is
established. Under the Contingent allegiance condition all queued processes including commands from other
initiators are suspended.
20.7
Automatic Rewrite/Reallocate
The target supports Auto Reallocate for READ, WRITE, WRITE VERIFY, and VERIFY.
Automatic Reallocate operates from within the read/write command. When an automatic reallocation occurs, the
read or write command takes longer to complete.
This operation is sometimes referred to as auto-reassignment due to its similarity to the operation performed by the
reassign command.
Following is a description of the target behavior for each setting of ARRE. ARRE setting affects all data errors. (No
Sector Found, Data Sync Byte Errors and Data LDPC Errors.)
ARRE=1:
ARRE=0:
An error site determined to need rewriting or reallocation during a read is automatically reallocated
as a pending defect prior to the sending of the status. It will not be identified by a read defect data
command. It will be rewritten or reallocated on the next write prior to the sending of the status. If it
is reallocated it will be identified in a read defect data command.
Behaves the same as ARRE=1.
The target will automatically rewrite/reallocate for the following commands.
- Read
- Verify
- Verify portion of Write and Verify
For all other commands the ARRE setting is ignored and the target will not automatically rewrite/ reallocate
Following is a description of the target behavior for each setting of AWRE. AWRE setting affects only No Sector
Found Errors on writes.
AWRE=1:
AWRE=0:
An error site determined to need reassignment during a write is automatically reallocated at the
conclusion of the write and prior to sending the status. The site will be automatically reallocated only
if the write recovery succeeded at the conclusion of the write.
Behaves the same as AWRE=1
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The target will automatically reallocate for the following commands.
- Write
- Write Same
- Write portion of Write and Verify
For all other commands the AWRE setting is ignored and the target will not automatically reallocate.
Auto Reallocate information is communicated via the sense data returned following a command during which a site
was determined to need rewriting or reassignment. The LBA returned in the sense data is the LBA that was
determined to need rewriting or reassignment.
The sense data combinations with auto/recommend rewrite/reallocate are listed below.
Table 292
Key
Sense data combinations with auto/recommend rewrite/reallocate
Code
Qual
Description
1
17
01
Recovered Data with retries
1
17
06
Recovered Data without LDPC - Auto Reallocated
1
17
09
Recovered Data without LDPC - Data Rewritten
1
18
00
Recovered Data with LDPC
1
18
02
Recovered Data with LDPC - Auto Reallocated
1
18
07
Recovered Data with LDPC - Data Rewritten
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20.8
20.8.1
Segmented Caching
Overview
Segmented Caching divides the data buffer into several smaller buffers. Each buffer is used as Read/
Write/Read-Ahead buffer.
20.8.2
Read Ahead
The Read Ahead function consists of reading data that the Initiator has not yet requested to the drive buffer. This
function is intended to improve performance for an initiator that frequently accesses sequential data with successive
SCSI read commands. The Read Ahead function works when RCD (the read cache disable) bit of read cache page
(page 08h) is set to zero.
The drive initiates the Read ahead function when the following conditions exist:
-
RCD is 0
Read, Verify and Write and Verify is received.
- The consecutive LBA of the requested LBA is not available in the buffer
If SCSI reset or target reset message is received, all contents of segmented buffer is flushed.
Even if an error occurs during the Read ahead, the error will not be reported to the Initiator. The data read before the
error occurred will be stored as valid data by the Read Ahead function.
20.9
Multiple Initiator Systems
This section describes how the target behaves in a multiple initiator system. Up to 64 initiators may be supported at
any one time.
20.9.1
Sense Data
A separate sense data area is reserved for each initiator. Each area is maintained independently. This allows a
command from one initiator to complete with a CHECK CONDITION status and generate sense data without being
affected by a subsequent command from a different initiator. There is no requirement for the first initiator to send a
REQUEST SENSE command to retrieve the Sense Data prior to the execution of a command from a different
initiator.
20.9.2
Mode Pages
A single set of Mode pages is maintained. This includes both current and saved parameters. If a MODE SELECT
command is executed that updates the current parameters, a unit attention condition is generated for all initiators
except the one that issued the command. See 20.1.5 "Unit Attention Condition" for more information.
20.10 Multiple Initiator Environment
20.10.1 Initiator Sense Data
Separate sense data is reserved for each I-T-L. Each sense data is maintained independent of commands from
other initiators.
20.10.2 Initiator Mode Select/Mode Sense Parameters
A single shared copy of the Mode Select/Mode Sense parameters is maintained by the drive. This includes both the
current and saved parameters.
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20.11 Reset
Reset actions will return the drive to a known, initialized state.
This device supports the Hard reset option as defined in the SCSI standards and the reset sources discussed below.
20.11.1 Initiator Sense Data
There are four sources of resets detected by the target:
Reset Name
Reset Source
Power-On Reset
This is the signal generated by the hardware at initial power-on
Self-Initiated reset
This is a software-generated reset that occurs when a catastrophic error is detected by the
microcode.
Hard Reset
This is the Hard Reset performed during a Link Reset Sequence.
LUN Reset
This is a LUN RESET TMF (08h) sent in a TASK IU.
20.11.2 Reset Actions
The action taken by the drive following a reset is dependent on the source of the reset.
20.11.2.1 Power-On reset and Self-Initiated reset
These two reset conditions cause the following to be performed in the order shown:
- A power-up sequence
- A startup sequence is necessary to put the drive in a ready state
These reset conditions cause the following actions:
-
If the reset occurs during the power-up sequence, the power-up sequence is re-started.
If the auto-start option is enabled and a start-up sequence has not yet completed, the start-up sequence is
restarted. Note: The power-up sequence is not re-run, since it has already completed.
If the reset occurs while a physical sector is being written, the WRITE operation is disabled at the end of the
current sector. The media is not corrupted if power is maintained to the end of the current sector.
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20.12 Diagnostics
The drive will execute Power on Diagnostics at power on time to assure the correct operation of the drive by
validating components (ROM, RAM, Sector Buffer, EEPROM, HDC, Spindle Motor, Actuator), checking stored
information in the Reserved Area and EEPROM, and verifying fault detects circuits.
Self-test can be invoked by issuing a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command.
20.12.1 Power on Diagnostics
At power on time the following tests are executed:
1. Validation of ROM and EEPROM
2. RAM test for internal RAM
3. Test and Initialize HDC registers
4. RAM test for Sector Buffer
5. Start Spindle Motor (if enabled)
6. Calibration of Actuator
7. Read/Write test for all Heads
8. Validation of RAM code and data table (RDM, Log, Mode Page) from the Reserved Area
If Auto spin up is disabled, steps 5 - 8 will be executed by the first START STOP UNIT command which has the Start
bit set.
Faults detected before successful completion of the HDC section could prevent the drive from responding to a
selection.
Faults detected after the successful completion of the HDC test section will be reported as CHECK CONDITION
status to the Initiator on the first command issued after a fault is detected (except for the INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS
and REQUEST SENSE commands). The INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS and REQUEST SENSE commands will always
be responded with a GOOD status. Detecting a fault during power on will not terminate execution of the tests nor will
it terminate the power on process.
20.12.2 Self-test via SEND DIAGNOSTIC Command
20.12.2.1 Default Self-test
The default self-test is invoked by the SlfTst bit in the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command. The response is simply a
GOOD status if the test is successful or a CHECK CONDITION status if the test fails.
The following tests are performed by the default self-test (in the order defined):
1. Spin check is to check if the spindle motor is running at the correct speed.
2. Write, Read and Compare test is a disk read/write test. It writes data to a predefined location in the
reserved area and then reads it back and validates the content. All heads are tested.
3. Seek test is a servo test. It validates seeks to 256 random locations out of the full volume.
20.12.2.2 Short and Extended Self-tests
There are two other types of self-tests that may be invoked using the Function Code field in the SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command: a short self-test and an extended self-test. The tests performed in the short and
extended self-tests are described later. The time required by a logical unit to complete its extended self- test is
specified in the Extended self-test Completion Time field in the Control Mode Page. A value of FFFFh indicates
that the extended self-test takes 65 535 seconds or longer. See also the EXTENDED SELF-TEST COMPLETION
MINUTES field in the Extended INQUIRY Data VPD page. The results of self-test can be retrieved via the LOG
SENSE command for Log Page 10.
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20.12.2.3 Self-test Modes
There are two modes for short and extended self-tests: a foreground mode and a background mode. These modes
are described in the following clauses.
Foreground mode
When the drive receives a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to be performed in the foreground
mode, the drive will return status for that command after the self-test has been completed. While performing a
self-test in the foreground mode, the drive will respond to all commands except INQUIRY, REPORT LUNS, and
REQUEST SENSE with a CHECK CONDITION status, a sense key of NOT READY and an additional sense code of
LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY - SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS.
If the drive is performing a self-test in the foreground mode and a test error occurs, the drive will update the self-test
results log page and report CHECK CONDITION status with a sense key of HARDWARE ERROR and an additional
sense code of LOGICAL UNIT FAILED SELF-TEST. The application client may obtain additional information about
the failure by reading the self-test results log page.
An application client may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the foreground mode using an ABORT
TASK, ABORT TASK SET, or CLEAR TASK SET task management function. If the drive receives an ABORT TASK,
ABORT TASK SET, or CLEAR TASK SET task management function while performing a self-test in the foreground
mode, it will abort the self-test and update the self-test results log page.
Background mode
When the drive receives a SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self-test to be performed in the background
mode, the drive will return status for that command as soon as the command descriptor block has been validated.
After returning status for the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command specifying a self- test to be performed in the
background mode, the drive will initialize the self-test results log page as follows. The Function Code from the SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command will be placed in the Function Code field in the log page. The self-test Results field shall be
set to 0Fh. After the self-test results log page is initialized, the drive will begin the first self-test segment.
While the device server is performing a self-test in the background mode, it shall terminate with a CHECK
CONDITION status any SEND DIAGNOSTIC command it receives that meets one of the following criteria:
a. The SlfTst bit is one
b. The Function Code field contains a value other than 000b or 100b.
When terminating the SEND DIAGNOSTIC command, the sense key shall be set to NOT READY and the additional
sense code shall be set to LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY, SELF-TEST in PROGRESS. While performing a self-test in
the background mode, the drive will suspend the self- test to service any other command other than SEND
DIAGNOSTIC (with Function Code field set to 100b) WRITE BUFFER (with the mode set to any download
microcode option), FORMAT UNIT and START UNIT STOP command. Suspension of the self-test to service the
command will occur within 2 seconds. If SEND DIAGNOSTIC (with Function Code field set to 100b), WRITE
BUFFER (with the mode set to any download microcode option), FORMAT UNIT or START UNIT STOP command is
received, the drive will abort the self-test, update the self-test log, and service the command within two seconds after
the command descriptor block has been validated.
An application client may terminate a self-test that is being performed in the background mode by issuing a SEND
DIAGNOSTIC command with the Function Code field set to 100b (Abort background self-test function).
Elements common to foreground and background self-test modes
The Progress Indication field returned in response to a REQUEST SENSE command may be used by the application
client at any time during execution of a self-test to poll the progress of the test. While executing a self-test unless an
error has occurred, the drive will respond to a REQUEST SENSE command by returning a sense key of NOT
READY and an additional sense code of LOGICAL UNIT NOT READY - SELF-TEST IN PROGRESS with the sense
key specific bytes set for progress indication.
The application client may obtain information about the twenty most recently completed self-tests by reading the
self-test results log page. This is the only method for an application client to obtain information about self-tests
performed in the background mode. The default self-test results are not logged in the log page.
Tests performed in the Short and Extended Self-test
The following table defines the tests performed in the short and extended self test. They are defined by their
segment number which is also used to report Self-Test Results, in Log Sense Page 10. Note that the only difference
between the Short and the Extended tests, is the sequential verify test in segment 7h. Also note that either of these
tests can be run in foreground or background mode as previously described.
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Table 293
Segment
Number
Short and Extended Self-Test Description
Short Self-Test
Extended
Self-Test
Test Description
1h
Drive Ready Test
Internal check to insure drive is “ready”, similar to a
Test Unit Ready command.
2h
Drive Diagnostics
This test is comprised of the Default Self Test as
defined in Section 20.12.2.1 "Default Self-test"
3h
SMART
Perform SMART testing and check results to ensure
that SMART threshold criteria are not exceeded
4h
Low Level Format check
Check to insure that the media is currently not in the
MEDIA FORMAT CORRUPTED state.
5h
Physical Head Check
Write/Read test on each head in a predefined location
in the drive's Reserved Area of the disk.
6h
Random Verify
Perform 4000 random verify operations and insure no
uncorrectable errors.
7h
- Verify First 300MB
- Verify Last 100 MB
8h
Recheck SMART
Verify all LBA’s
Sequential verify operation. Ensure that no
uncorrectable errors occur within the verify range.
Same as segment 4h.
20.12.2.4 Background Medium Scan
For a related function, see Mode Page 1C (Informational Exceptions Control).
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20.13 Idle Time Function
The drive periodically saves data in logs and S.M.A.R.T. counters in the reserved area of the disks. The information
is used by the drive to support various SCSI commands and for the purpose of failure analysis.
20.14 Command Time out Limits
The 'Command Time-out Limits' are defined as the time period from the SCSI Arbitration phase through the SCSI
Task complete message, associated with a particular command.
The following times are for environments where Automatic Reallocation is disabled and there are no queued
commands.
20.14.1 Reassignment Time
The drive should be allowed a minimum of 5 seconds to complete a “Reassign Blocks” command.
20.14.2 Format Time
Approximately 3 / 2 / 1.5 / 1 / 0.75 / 0.5 hours should be allowed for 1800 / 1200 / 900 / 600 / 450 / 300 GB capacity
drives to complete a "Format Unit" command when certification is disabled. Allow 6 / 4 / 3 / 2 / 1.5 / 1 hours for 1800 /
1200 / 900 / 600 / 450 / 300 GB capacity drives when certification is enabled. If "Fast Format" is enabled via the
FFMT bit in mode page 00h, allow 1 minute for completion.
20.14.3 Start/Stop Unit Time
The drive should be allowed a minimum of 30 seconds to complete a “Start Stop Unit” command (with Immed bit = 0).
Initiators should also use this time to allow startup sequences initiated by auto start ups and “Start Stop Unit”
commands (with Immed bit = 1) to complete and place the drive in a “ready for use” state.
Note:
A time-out of one minute or more is recommended but NOT required. The larger system time-out limit allows the
system to take advantage of the extensive ERP/DRP that the drive may attempt in order to successfully complete the startup
sequence.
Note:
For SAS devices a NOTIFY (Enable Spinup) primitive is required prior to actually starting to spin up the spindle motor
(regardless of whether a Start Stop Command with the Start bit set, was received or not).
20.14.4 Medium Access Command Time
The time-out limit for medium access commands that transfer user data or non-user data or both should be a
minimum of 30 seconds. These commands are
Pre-Fetch
Read
Read Defect Data
Seek
Send Diagnostic (Function Code = 0)
Read Long
Reassign Blocks
Write
Write and Verify
Write Buffer
Write Same
Verify
Note: The 30-second limit assumes the absence of bus contention and data transfers of 64 blocks or less. This time
should be adjusted for anticipated bus contention and if longer user data transfers are requested.
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20.14.5 Time-out Limits for Other Commands
The drive should be allowed a minimum of 5 seconds to complete these commands:
Inquiry
Log Select
Log Sense
Mode Select
Mode Sense
Persistent Reserve In/Out
Read Buffer
Read Capacity
Read Long
Release
Request Sense
Reserve
Set/Report Device Identifier
Start/Stop Unit (with Immed bit = 1)
Synchronize Cache
Test Unit Ready
Writer Long
The command time-out for a command that is not located at the head of the command queue should be increased by
the sum of command time-outs for all of the commands that are performed before it is.
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20.15 Recommended Initiator ERP
The Drive's design points for error reporting to the system assumes certain system action for the error return codes.
These assumptions are:
1.
2.
3.
SCSI protocol will be the first priority in reporting errors.
The system will maintain a log of all reported errors.
System architecture should include all error handling recommendations made in this section. Deviations
should have mutual agreement between Drive development and system integration.
This section is directed toward documenting the assumptions made by the Drive that the system is expected to
implement. The two error classes that the system should be concerned with are DATA and NON-DATA errors.
Data errors are those errors that deal with the handling of data to and from the MEDIA and are identified by the
Additional Sense Code contained in the sense data. The Additional Sense Codes for data errors are as follows:
- OC - Write error
- 11 - Unrecovered read error
- 14 - No record found
- 16 - Data Synchronization mark error
- 17 - Recovered read error without LDPC correction
- 18 - Recovered read error with LDPC correction
Typically, data errors do not include positioning of the heads or the data path though the electronics.
Non data errors are those errors that do not have a direct relationship with transferring data to and from the media.
Non data errors can include data handling if the media is not associated with the error (that is, interface error).
The system action assumed for each class of error is outlined here.
20.15.1 Drive Service Strategy
The Drive service strategy is defined so the customer will be able to use the system as soon after a failure is
detected as possible. The first priority is to replace the entire drive to make the system operational with minimal
service time. The service representative should:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Back up all the customer data on this drive if possible
Replace the complete drive
Restore the customer data
Return the drive to customer service
20.15.2 Recommendations for System Error Log
The system error log should contain information about the Drive error that will allow recovery actions. The system
error logs should contain all the error information returned in the sense data. At a minimum, the following information
about each error occurrence should be logged.
-
Valid bit and error code (Sense byte 0)
Sense Key (Sense byte 2)
-
Information bytes (Sense bytes 3 through 6)
Command specific information (Sense bytes 8 through 11)
Additional Sense Code (Sense byte 12)
Additional Sense Code Qualifier (Sense byte 13)
Field Replaceable Unit (Sense byte 14)
Sense Key Specific (Sense bytes 15, 16, and 17)
Vender Unique error information (Sense bytes 20 through 23)
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20.15.3 Data Recovery Procedure
Statistically, most data error activity is noise related and has nothing to do with defects in the media. It is wrong for
the system to assume that every data error reported occurred because of a defect in the media. It is also wrong for
the system to assume that every data error that occurred because of a media defect rendered the Drive unusable.
Recurring data error activity at the same physical location is an indication of a problem. The problem can be due to a
media defect or magnetic damage. A media defect is physical damage to the recording capability of the media while
magnetic damage is a defect in the bit pattern written to the media.
In both cases, the error can be corrected without replacing the unit. The physical sector may require relocation. The
Drive determines the need to reassign a sector. The Mode Select Page 1 option bit ARRE (See Section 18.10.3
"Mode Page 01 (Read/Write Error Recovery Parameters)”) set active allows the Drive to relocate recovered read
data errors. Non recovered data errors or the ARRE bit being inactive will have additional sense codes returned to
recommend reassignment of sectors.
The need to reassign a sector should be infrequent. Sites not meeting error rate criteria are removed from use during
SAT (Surface Analysis Test) in Drive manufacturing. With the exception of some early life SAT escapes (sites that
were marginally missed during SAT), reassigning defective sectors should be rare. Frequent sector reassignment
may be an (early) indication of another type of failure. Sector reassignments are monitored as part of the predictive
failure analysis. When a threshold is exceeded, the Drive will notify the initiator that a scheduled service action is
required.
Drive soft error rates are based on extraneous random faults that are not predictable. Media defects discovered after
the Drive completes manufacturing final test need to be relocated so that soft error rates are not influenced by
predictable known error sites. Failure of the system to properly relocate defective media sites can have a direct
influence on system throughput and drive error rates.
20.15.3.1 Reassign a Physical Sector
The Drive determines the need to reassign physical sectors based on error activity. Once a physical sector requires
reassignment, the Drive will reassign the physical sector.
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20.15.3.2 Data Error Logging
The Drive will report data errors to the initiator that do not require immediate action (successful auto reallocation,
successful auto rewrite, or no action needed on this occurrence). The initiator should log these errors in the system
error log. No other action is required.
Table 294
Key
Log Only Errors
Code
Qual
Description
1
16
00
Data Synchronization Mark Error
1
17
01
Recovered Data with Retries
1
17
06
Recovered Data without LDPC - Auto Reallocated
1
17
09
Recovered Data without LDPC - Data Rewritten
1
18
00
Recovered Data with LDPC
1
18
02
Recovered Data with LDPC - Auto Reallocated
1
18
07
Recovered Data with LDPC - Data Rewritten
20.15.3.3 Reassign Blocks Recovery
The Drive provides the capability to remove media defects without reducing capacity.
Recovery from a failed reassignment consists of the following actions:
- Updating the defect descriptor to remove the LBA's that have been successfully reassigned and then retry the
Reassign Blocks command. The LBA contained in the Command Specific Information field of the Sense Data is
the LBA in the first defect descriptor that was not reassigned because of the failure. If the command failed
because of an unrecoverable read error other than those specified in the defect descriptor, add this LBA to the
defect descriptor and retry the command. Refer to Section 18.28 "REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)", for additional
information.
-
If the retried Reassign Blocks (07) command completes successfully, returning to normal processing.
If the retried Reassign Blocks (07) command fails, servicing the drive using the service guidelines
recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy" .
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20.15.4 Non data Error Recovery Procedure
The Drive will follow a logical recovery procedure for non data errors. The initiator options for non-data errors are
limited to logging the error, retrying the failing command, or replacing the drive.
These recovery procedures assume the initiator practices data back-up and logs errors at the system level for
interrogation by service personnel.
20.15.4.1 Drive Busy
The Drive is busy performing an operation. This is not an error condition. The initiator can test for completion of
the operation by issuing Test Unit Ready (00) (or media access) commands.
- If the Test Unit Ready (00) (or media access) command completes with Check Condition Status then issue a
Request Sense (03)
-
-
If the specified recovery procedure for the sense data is for a condition other than drive busy, follow the
recovery procedure for the condition reported.
-
If the specified recovery procedure for the sense data is for a drive busy condition, then continue re-issuing the
Test Unit Ready (00) and Request Sense commands for the duration of a media access time-out or until the
drive returns Good Status.
-
If the drive has been busy for longer than the limit specified in Section 20.14, "Command Time out Limits" then
service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy"
Otherwise return to normal processing.
If the Test Unit Ready (00) (or media access) command completes with Good Status, then return to normal
processing.
20.15.4.2 Unrecovered Drive Error
The initiator should retry the failing command.
1. If the retry of the failing command completes with Good Status or recovered Sense Key, follow the recovery
procedure in Section 20.15.4.3 "Recovered Drive Error".
2. If the retry of the failing command completes with hardware error sense, verify there is no outside cause
(e.g., power supply) for the failure, then retry the failing command.
a. If the retry of the failing command completes with Good Status, follow the recovery procedure in next
Section 20.15.4.3 "Recovered Drive Error".
b. If the retry of the failing command completes with Recovered sense or Hardware error sense, then service
the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
20.15.4.3 Recovered Drive Error
The Initiator should log the error as soft with the recovery level.
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20.15.4.4 Drive Not Ready
The initiator should do the following:
1. Issue a Start Stop Unit (1B) command.
2. Verify that the drive comes ready within the time specified.
3. If the drive fails to come ready within the specified time, service the drive using the service guidelines
specified in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
4. Retry the failing command.
a. If the failing command completes with Good Status, log the error as recovered.
b. If the failing command completes with Not Ready sense, verify there is no outside cause (for example, the
power supply). Then service the drive using the service guidelines specified in Section 20.15.1 "Drive
Service Strategy".
20.15.4.5 No Defect Spare
Three conditions can cause this error:
1. When the Reassign Blocks (07) command is issued and there are no spares available for the Drive to use
for the relocation requested.
2. When the Glist is full and the sector to be reassigned cannot be added.
3. During a format operation, there was not enough space available to fulfill the spare requirement (Dlist is too
large).
Service the Drive following Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
20.15.4.6 Degraded Mode
Refer to Section 20.1.9 "Degraded Mode", for the definition of this state. There are three causes for entering
degraded mode. In all cases the Sense Key is Not Ready. The causes are the following:
1. Sense Code/Qualifier of Logical Unit Not Ready, initializing command required. The spindle motor not
spinning or not at the proper speed. This may not be an error condition. The initiator should issue a Unit start
(1B) command to start the spindle motor. If the Drive fails to come ready in the time specified in Section 20.14,
"Command Time out Limits" service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 20.15.1
"Drive Service Strategy".
2. Sense Code/Qualifier of Diagnostic Failure. Failure of a Send Diagnostic self test, a start up sequence, or
other internal target failures.
-
Failure of a send diagnostic self test or a start up sequence.
This failure is the result of the diagnostics that are executed during power on or when the Send Diagnostic
(1D) command is executed detecting a failure. As with the RAM code not loaded and the configuration data
not loaded, the recovery is either a power cycle or issuing the Send Diagnostic (1D) command with the self
test bit set active.
Recovery for a failed Send Diagnostic (1D) is achieved in one of the following ways:
- Executing the Send Diagnostic (1D) command
- Power cycling the drive
If the failure repeats, service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive
Service Strategy".
Recovery for a failed power up sequence is achieved in one of the following ways:
- Issuing a Unit start (1B) command
- Power cycling the drive.
If the failure repeats, service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive
Service Strategy".
-
Internal target failures
The drive periodically adjusts the track following for each head to compensate for expansion and contraction
of the disks due to temperature changes. If one of these adjustments fails, the drive will enter a degraded
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mode to prevent writing data off track.
Recovery of this condition is either a power cycle or successful completion of the Send Diagnostic (1D).
Service the drive using the recommended service guidelines specified in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service
Strategy", if the power cycle or the Send Diagnostic (1D) command fail to complete successfully.
3.
Sense Code/Qualifier of Format Command Failed Format Unit (04), Sense Code/Qualifier of Medium
Format Corrupted Reassign Failed Reassign Blocks (07) command, or an automatic reallocation failed or
was abnormally terminated.
Recovery from a failed Format Unit (04) is achieved by retrying the command. If the command fails a second
time, service the drive following the procedure defined in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
If the above defined recovery procedures fail to clear the degraded mode condition, the Drive should be replaced.
Follow the procedure in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy", when replacing the drive.
20.15.4.7 Reserved Area Hard Error
Sectors found defective in the reserved area of the disk cannot be reassigned after the Drive leaves the factory. The
data in the reserved area is not directly accessible by the initiator. For this reason, the reserved area has back up
copies of all data. A data error must occur in both copies of the data record before the Drive considers a reserved
area read error. When this happens, the integrity of the drive is questionable.
Service the Drive using Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
20.15.4.8 Interface Protocol
For all interface protocol errors, the initiator should complete the following steps:
1. Correct the parameter that caused the Illegal Request
2. Retry the failing command
3. If the first retry of the failing command completes with
- Good Status, log the error as recovered
- Check Condition Status with sense data for an Illegal Request, verify there is no outside cause (for example,
the power supply) for the failure
- Other, follow the recommendations for the error condition reported. Retry the failing command. If this retry of
the failing command completes with
•
Good Status, log the error as recovered
•
Check Condition Status with sense data for an Illegal Request, service the drive using the service
guideline recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
•
Other, follow the recommendations for the error condition reported.
20.15.4.9 Aborted Command
The initiator should determine the cause from the Additional Sense Code (byte 12):
-
Sense Key = B (Aborted Command) with Additional Sense Codes of 1B, 25, 43, 49, and 4E are initiator caused
abort conditions. The initiator should correct the condition that caused the abort and retry the failing command.
Sense Key = B (Aborted Command) with Additional Sense Code of 44 or 48 are drive caused abort conditions.
The initiator should:
1. Retry the failing command.
2. If the retry of the failing command completes with
- Good Status, log the error as recovered.
- Abort Command Sense, verify there is no outside cause (e.g. power supply) for the failure.
3. Retry the failing command.
4. If the retry of the failing command completes with
- Good Status, log the error as recovered.
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-
- Abort command sense, then service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section
20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
Sense Key = B (Aborted Command) and an Additional Sense Code of 47 can be an initiator or Drive caused
abort condition. The initiator should follow the above procedure for initiator caused abort conditions if the Drive
detected the SCSI bus parity error. The initiator should follow the above procedure for Drive caused abort
conditions if the initiator detected the SCSI bus parity error.
20.15.4.10 Unit Attention Condition
Unit Attention Conditions are not errors. They alert the initiator that the drive had an action that may have changed
an initiator controlled state in the drive. These conditions are the following:
Not Ready to Ready Transition
Not ready to ready transition, unit formatted. This Unit Attention Condition will not be reported to the initiator that
issued the Format Unit (04).
Reset
Reset - This means the drive was reset by either a power-on reset, Hard Reset, LUN Reset TMF or an internal reset.
Mode Parameters Changed
A Mode Select (15) command successfully completed. This means that the mode parameters that are the current
value may have changed. The parameters may or may not have changed but the command to change the
parameters successfully completed. The Drive does not actually compare the old current and the new current
parameters to determine if the parameters changed. This Unit Attention Condition will not be reported to the initiator
that issued the Mode Select (15).
Microcode Has Changed
Write Buffer (3B) to download microcode has successfully completed. This means that the microcode that controls
the Drive has been changed. The code may or may not be the same as the code currently being executed. The Drive
does not compare old level code with new code.
Commands Cleared by Another Initiator
Tagged commands cleared by a clear queue message. This means that the command queue has been cleared. The
Unit Attention Condition is not reported to the initiator that issued the clear queue message. Unit Attention Condition
is reported to all initiators that had commands active or queued.
Reissue any outstanding command.
Log Select Parameters Changed
A Log Select (4C) command successfully completed. This means that the Log Select command cleared statistical
information successfully (See Section 18.6 "LOG SELECT (4C)"). Unit Attention Condition is reported to all initiators
excluding the initiator that issued the Log Select command.
Device Identifier Changed
A Set Device Identifier (A4) command successfully completed. This means that the Set Device Identifier information
field has been updated. (See 18.45 ”SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)”) A Unit Attention Condition is reported to all
initiators excluding the initiator that issued the Set Device Identifier command.
20.15.4.11 Components Mismatch
The compatibility test is performed at a power cycle. The compatibility test verifies the microcode version of the
electronics. When the Drive detects the microcode version mismatch, the most likely cause is the result of incorrect
parts used during a service action.
If the error reported is Key/code/qualifier 4/40/80, Diagnostic failure, bring-up fail, the initiator should do the following:
1. Retry Power cycle
2. Check the send diagnostic end status. If the status is
-
GOOD, Return to normal processing
-
Check Condition Status, issue a Request Sense (03) and follow the recommendations for the sense data
returned unless the sense data is for a component mismatch. If the sense data is for component mismatch,
service the drive using the service guideline recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
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20.15.4.12 Self Initiated Reset
The Drive will initiate a self reset when the condition of the Drive cannot be determined. The internal reset will
terminate any outstanding commands, release any reserved initiators, and stop the spindle motor. The initiator can
recover by
1. Logging the error
2. Retrying the failing command. If the failing command completes with:
-
Good Status, return to normal processing
-
Self initiated reset sense, service the drive according the guidelines recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive
Service Strategy".
-
Other, follow the recommendations for the error reported.
20.15.4.13 Defect List Recovery
This is not an error condition.
The initiator either requested a defect list in a format (block or vendor specific) that the Drive does not support or the
requested defect list(s) exceed the maximum list length that can be returned. If the Sense Key/Code/Qualifier are:
1/1F/00, the requested list(s) exceed the maximum length that can be supported. The initiator should request one list
at a time. If a single list exceeds the maximum returnable length, this may be an indication of a marginally
operational drive. Service the drive following the service guidelines in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
1/1C/01 or 1/1C/02, the requested defect list is not in the format that the Drive supports. The requested defect list is
returned in the physical (cylinder, sector, head) format. This is the default format. There is no initiator action required
for this condition.
20.15.4.14 Miscompare Recovery
A Miscompare can occur on a Verify (2F) command or a Write and Verify (2E) with the byte check (BytChk) bit active.
Recovery for a Miscompare error is different for the two commands.
Verify Command
The initiator should do the following:
1.
Verify that the data sent to the drive is the correct data for the byte-by-byte compare.
2.
Read the data from the media with a Read (08) or Read (28) command and verify that the data from the media
is the expected data for the byte-by-byte compare.
-
If all data are correct, this is an indication that the data may have been read from the media incorrectly
without an error detected. Service the drive using the procedure specified in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service
Strategy".
If all data are not correct, this is an indication that the data on the media is not the data the initiator expected.
Rewrite the correct data to the media.
Write and Verify Command
The drive uses the same data in the data buffer to write then read and compare. A Miscompare error on the Write
and Verify (2E) command is an indication that the drive cannot reliably write or read the media. Service the drive
using the procedures specified in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
-
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20.15.4.15 Microcode Error
The microcode from the interface is validated before the device operates using that microcode. When the validation
detects incorrect or incomplete data, the Drive enters degraded mode.
If the initiator attempted to load microcode using the Write Buffer (3B) retry the Write Buffer (3B). If the command
completes with
Good Status - return to normal processing
Check Condition Status - service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive
Service Strategy".
If the check sum error occurred during normal processing, the initiator may attempt to load microcode before
deciding to service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
To load new microcode, the initiator should issue a Write Buffer (3B) command with the download and save option. If
the Write Buffer (3B) command completes with
-
-
Good Status, return to normal processing. Retry the failing command. If the task complete with
-
Good Status - Continue normal processing.
-
Check Condition Status for check sum error - Service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in
Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
Check Condition Status for any other error - follow the recommended recovery procedure for the error
reported.
Check Condition Status for Check sum error, service the drive using the service guidelines recommended in
Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
Check Condition Status for any other error, follow the recommendations for the returned sense data.
-
-
20.15.4.16 Predictive Failure Analysis
The Drive performs error log analysis and will alert the initiator of a potential failure. The initiator should determine if
this device is the only device with error activity.
If this drive is the only drive attached to the initiator with error activity, service the drive using the procedures
specified in Section 20.15.1 "Drive Service Strategy".
Note:
Service for this drive can be deferred. The longer service is deferred, the more probable a failure can occur that will
require immediate service.
If more than this drive is experiencing error activity, the drive is probably not at fault. Locate and service the outside source
causing error activity on this drive.
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21
Firmware Security
This chapter provides information on HGST encryption-specific HDD firmware and features. It is assumed that the
reader is familiar with the referenced specifications and industry standards.
21.1
Referenced Specifications and Standards
21.1.1
TCG Specifications
This section references 3 separate TCG specifications, which are available on the TCG website:
(http://www.trustedcomputinggroup.org/):
1.
TCG Core Specification, Version 2.00, Revision 1.00 (4/20/2009)
- The TCG Core Specification is the general specification for trusted computing that encompasses all
classes of devices, including storage
2.
TCG Storage Interface Interactions Specification (SIIF), Version 1.0, 1/27/2009
- Specifies the interaction between the HDD and the SCSI/ATA protocols
3.
TCG Storage Security Subsystem Class (SSC): Enterprise, Version 1.00, rev 3.00 (1/10/2011)
- A Security Subsystem Class defines minimum acceptable Core Specification capabilities of a storage
device in a specific class (in our case – enterprise).
- Storage devices in specific classes may have a subset of the capabilities that are defined in the core
specification
4. TCG Storage Security Subsystem Class: Opal Specification, Version 2.00 Final Revision 1.00 (February 24,
2012)
21.1.2
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)
This section references the following Federal Information Processing Standards, published by the US National
Institute of Standards (NIST), which are available on the NIST website (http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/ ):
1. FIPS 197, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), 2001 November 26.
http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips197/fips-197.pdf
2. FIPS 180-3, Secure Hash Standard (SHS)
http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips180-3/fips180-3_final.pdf
3. FIPS 140-2, Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules – 01 May 25
(Supersedes FIPS PUB 140-1, 1994 January 11)
http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips140-2/fips1402.pdf
21.1.3
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
This section references the following NIST publications, available on the NIST website
(http://www.nist.gov/index.html)

[AES] Advanced Encryption Standard, FIPS PUB 197, NIST, 2001, November

[DSS] Digital Signature Standard, FIPS PUB 186-3, NIST, 2006, March

[FIPS140] Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules, FIPS PUB 140-2, NIST, 2002 December

[HMAC] The Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code, FIPS PUB 198-1, 2007 June

[SHA] Secure Hash Standard (SHS), FIPS PUB 180-3, NIST, 2007 June

[SP800-38E] Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: The XTS-AES Mode for
Confidentiality on Storage Devices, SP800-38E, NIST, 2010 January
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
[SP800-38F] Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: Methods for Key Wrapping, NIST,
2012 December

[SP800-57] Recommendation for Key Management – Part I General (Revision 3), NIST, 2012 July

[SP800-90A] Recommendation for Random Number Generation Using Deterministic Random Bit
Generators, NIST, 2012 Jan

[SP800-131A] Transitions: Recommendation for Transitioning the Use of Cryptographic Algorithms and
Key Lengths, NIST, 2011 Jan

[SP800-132] Recommendation for Password-Based Key Derivation, NIST, 2010 December
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21.1.4
Department of Defense
DoD 5220.22-M, "National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual", 2/28/2006
http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/522022m.pdf
DoD 5220.22-M Supplement 1, “National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual Supplement”, 02/1995 http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/522022MSup1.pdf
21.1.5
RSA Laboratories Standards
1. RSA-PSS - http://www.rsa.com/rsalabs/node.asp?id=2146
2. RSA PKCS #5 v2.0 Password-Based Cryptography Standard ftp://ftp.rsasecurity.com/pub/pkcs/pkcs-5v2/pkcs5v2-0.doc
21.1.6
1.
21.2
Other Standards
T10 SCSI Standard.(T10 homepage - http://www.t10.org/index.html)
Implementation Exceptions
The following is a list that describes non-compliance with the TCG Enterprise SSC specification:
• The SSC specification requires support for 1024 bands, but the implementation supports up to 6 bands.
• Bands must be 4K aligned. This means Band start (Range start) and Band size (Range size) must be 4K
aligned.
• The K_AES_256 table was implemented with only the UID and MODE columns.
• Only one active session is permitted at a time. If a new session is requested when a session is already active,
the drive answers the host with SP_BUSY, instead of NO_SESSIONS_AVAILABLE
21.3
Implementation Features and Details Outside of TCG
Specifications
The following features are outside of the TCG specifications.
1. Ports
2. Firmware signing
The following implementation details are outside of the TCG SSC specification.
a.
b.
c.
d.
The SSC Specification states “The TPer SHALL implement the ParamCheck Longitudinal Redundancy
Check (LRC) for Get and Set method calls on a PIN value". If the LRC check is erroneously applied to a
value other than a PIN we ignore it, therefore no error is generated.
When handling a "TCG cmd followed by a R/W cmd", all reads and writes that follow a TCG command will
be processed in the normal way. No special handling or error messages will be sent to the host. It is up to
the host to understand the possible outcomes of TCG commands and r/w command ordering and plan
accordingly.
CRC checking is disabled in all cases, so the drive will return data to the host. If the user successfully
authenticates, then unencrypted data is returned to the host. If the user is unable to authenticate,
encrypted data is returned to the host.
The TPer replies with SP_BUSY for requests beyond 1 session.
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21.4
21.4.1
Encryption Algorithms
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Support
AES encryption is implemented in hardware, with support for ECB or XTS mode for 128 bit or 256 bit keys. A single
key is active at any one time within the AES hardware engine. Firmware is responsible for reading the keys from
the hardware and also for determining which key is attached to a given LBA range; the hardware can only detect if
the LBA has been encrypted or not. The TCG protocol does not allow for a user to choose or switch between AES
algorithms, so it is up to the vendor to choose which AES algorithm is used in their implementation. The HGST
TCG SSC implementation in firmware supports AES 256-XTS only.
21.4.2
‘Level 0 Discovery’ Vendor Specific Data
This section refers to section 10.2.14 of the TCG Storage Security Subsystem Class document (see the
Specifications section of this document). This Vendor Specific section is documented below.
Table 295
Persistent Reserve In (5E)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Dload_s
Locking_s
FDE_s
16
Version (set to 0)
17
Vendor Specific State Information
18
Reserved
19
RSVD
MB_s
0
0
20
Diag_s
Reserved
21
RSVD
MB_e
0
0
Diag_s
Dload_e
Locking_e
FDE_e
22
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
inFIPS
23-47
Reserved
FDE_s/FDE_e - Full disk encryption is Supported (equivalent to Media Encryption in Locking Feature Descriptor
Enterprise SSC 10.2.14) / Full disk encryption is Enabled on one or more band.
Locking_s/Locking_e - LBA band locking is supported - locking object exists in the locking SP of the device
(equivalent to Locking Enabled in Locking Feature Descriptor Enterprise SSC 10.2.14) / The locking object for a
band has either ReadLocked or WriteLocked attribute set (equivalent to Locked in Locking Feature Descriptor
Enterprise SSC 10.2.14).
Dload_s/Dload_e - support for Admin SP Firmware download port / Firmware download port via Admin SP is
locked.
Diag_s/Diag_e - Support for Admin SP vendor specific Diagnostic port / Diagnostics port via Admin SP is locked.
MB_s/MB_e - Multiple encrypting bands supported / multiple encrypting bands enabled. This bit shall be set to 1 if
more than one band exists in addition to the global band and is defined with at least one LBA.
inFIPS – This bit is set when FIPS mode has been configured.
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21.4.2.1
T10 End-To-End Data Protection
AES encryption is performed after T10 end-to-end data protection data has been added, so that the T10 information
is encrypted along with the customer data.
21.4.3
Deterministic Random Bit Generation (DRBG)
Pseudo-random number generation is implemented with a certified NIST SP800-90A DRBG. The DRBG uses AES
as a primitive for both entropy mixing and entropy output. DRBG state is kept private to ensure that the keys that are
generated by the device are unpredictable. The entropy source of the DRBG is servo subsystem noise. It has been
verified to NIST SP800-90B.
21.4.4
Key Wrap
The NIST SP800-38F key wrap algorithm is used to encrypt a key with another key (KEK= Key Encryption Key). For
any band i, the KEK_i is derived from PIN_i and salt_i using the NIST 800-132 algorithm. The KEK_i is then used to
wrap a band’s encryption key.
21.4.5
Key Erasure
Cryptographic erase procedure

Erase and overwrite wrapped key material with 0x00.

Erase and store the new wrapped key material.
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21.5
TCG SSC Tables
Two copies of all TCG SSC tables and data structures are stored in the RID; one is used as a primary copy and the
other as a backup copy. The backup copy is used in the event the primary copy becomes corrupted. Each time a
write is executed to any TCG table, both the primary and backup copies of the tables are updated and saved in the
RID. In the case of a corrupted copy, the good copy is always used to restore the corrupted copy to the correct
state. If both copies of the tables become corrupted during operation, the tables will be reinitialized to default
values automatically, and this will result in a key mismatch error when a read is attempted.
The default values in the TCG tables created at the time of manufacturing are per the TCG SSC specification. The
following tables contain VU (Vendor Unique) entries, which are set at the time of manufacturing.






‘Admin SP’ C_PIN table
‘Locking SP’ C_PIN table
K_AES_256 table
‘Locking SP’ Locking Access Control table
‘Locking Info’ Table
‘Locking SP’ Locking Table
The VU entries for these tables are specified below. In addition, explanation of default values is given for non-VU
entries that require it.
21.5.1
‘Admin SP’ C_PIN and ‘Locking SP’ C_PIN Tables
Per TCG SSC specification, the PIN is set to the MSID at manufacturing time. HGST has specified the MSID to be
the serial number of the drive concatenated 4x. Try Limit is set to 0, meaning that there is no limit. Tries is set 0,
meaning that there have been no fail attempts. Persistence is set to 0, meaning the “Tries” value does not persist
through power cycles (The “Tries” value is reset to 0 after successful attempt or a power cycle).
Table 296
HGST Default Values for ‘Admin SP’ C_PIN & ‘Locking SP’ C_PIN
PIN
Try Limit
Tries
Persistence
SID
0
0
0
MSID
0
0
0
-
-
-
-
PSID
0
0
0
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21.5.2
K_AES_256 Table
The K_AES_256 table has 6 rows, one row for each band that can be allocated by the user. The first row is for the
“global range”, also known as Band 0. This table was implemented without the “Name”, “Common Name”, and
“Key” Columns.
Table 297
HGST Implementation of K_AES_256 Table
UID (8 byte hex)
MODE
00 00 08 06 00 00 00 01
23
00 00 08 06 00 00 00 02
23
..
..
00 00 08 06 00 00 00 06
23
The mode is specified in the TCG Enterprise SSC as a “Vendor Unique” (VU) entry. HGST initializes it in
manufacturing to mode=23 (media encryption mode, per TCG specification) for all 6 entries.
21.5.3
‘Locking SP’ Access Control Table
The TCG Enterprise SSC defines the values for Row Number and UID as “Vendor Unique” (VU). HGST has defined
them to be the row number in the table, with a range of 0-459 The range is calculated using the following formula:
number_of_rows = (#Supported Bands * 7) +12, where



#Supported Bands = 6 (The implementation supports 6 bands)
The number 7 comes from the fact that each band has 7 UID/method combinations
The number 12 comes from the following 12 methods that must be included in the table.
1. ThisSP / Authenticate
2. Authority Table/Next
3. Anybody Authority Object/ Get
4. Band Masters Authority Object/ Get
5. Erase Master Auth. Object / Get
6. C_PIN table / Next
7. Erase Master C_PIN Object/ Set
8. Locking Info Table / Get
9. Locking Table / Next
10. DataStore / Get
11. DataStore / Set
12. ThisSP / Random
Table 298
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ Access Control Table
Row Number
UID
.
0
0
.
1
1
.
.
.
.
53
53
.
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21.5.4
‘Locking Info’ Table
As specified in the TCG Enterprise SSC, this table has only 1 row. The “Vendor Unique” entries are specified in the
table below. Encryption Support is initialized to Encryption Support=23 (media encryption mode) in manufacturing.
Table 299
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking Info’ Table
NAME
Version
Encrypt
Support
0
0
23
21.5.5
Max Ranges Max ReEncryptions
6
Keys Available Cfg
0
0
‘Locking SP’ Locking Table
The “Vendor Unique” (VU) values for this table are shown below.
Table 300
HGST Implementation of ‘Locking SP’ Locking Table
Next Key
ReEncrypt ReEncrypt Adv Key
Cont On Last ReEncrypt
Verf Mode
State
Request
Mode
Reset
LBA
Last Re
Enc Stat
General
Status
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00h
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 05h
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In the ActiveKey column, the Enterprise SSC allows for byte 3 to be defined as either 05 or 06. The HGST
implementation uses 06.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
346
21.6
Firmware Download and Signing
The HGST Firmware signing and download for encryption drives is meant to provide a mechanism for secure
updates through the Host interface. Firmware is downloaded to the drive through the host interface, and the
signature is verified using a public key installed in the reserved area during manufacturing, before it is loaded to RAM
or installed in the reserved area on the HDD.
Signature verification uses the RSA-PSS (Probabilistic Signature Scheme) signature verification algorithm with
EMSA-SHA256 as padding function. The firmware was designed and implemented with the intention of meeting
the signing requirements under FIPS 140-2.
All HGST firmware packages will be signed, but only encryption enabled drives will verify the signature. If the
signature cannot be successfully verified on encryption drives, the firmware cannot be downloaded onto the HGST
encryption drives. Failures to authenticate the firmware image will result in Check Condition with KCQ 5/26/9a
(FRU 0). The act of issuing a firmware download to the drive will result in an implicit close of all open sessions at
the security layer.
21.7
Revert Feature
HGST has extended TCG Enterprise to include the TCG Opal Revert method. Revert enables the customer, as
needed by organizational policy, to overwrite existing TCG settings to the default values that were written
during manufacturing.
Revert introduces a new TCG authority, PSID, to the Admin SP. During manufacturing, the PSID is hashed, and
the digest is stored in a reserved area inside the drive. Also during manufacturing, the PSID is printed, in
plaintext, on the drive’s physical, external label. The PSID PIN cannot be accessed via the drive’s interface,
and it cannot be changed.
Below is the procedure to execute Revert:
 Start Session on the Admin SP
 Authenticate to the PSID authority
 Execute the Revert Method
 Successful completion of Revert automatically ends the TCG session
Notes for Revert include:
 Revert execution that encounters an error does not close the TCG session
 Reset of the drive during Revert will cause the subsequent power up sequence to be extended while
Revert finishes its work
Table 301
PSID Authority Added to ‘Admin SP’ Authority Table
UID
Name
Common Name
IsClass
Class
Enabled
Operation
Credential
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
PSID
PhysicalDriveOwner
F
Null
T
Password
C_PIN_PSID
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Table 302
PSID Addition to ‘Admin SP’ C_PIN table
UID
Name
Common Name
PIN
CharSet
TryLimit
Tries
Persistence
00 00 00 0B
00 01 FF 01
C_PIN_PSID
PhysicalDriveOwner
VU
Null
0
0
FALSE
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Table 303
Additions to ‘Admin SP’ Access Control Table
InvokingID
AdminSPObj
00 00 02 05
00 00 00 01
PSID
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
PSID
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
MethodID
ACL
GetACLACL
Revert
00 00 00 06
00 00 02 02
ACE_SP_SID_ACE_SP_PSID
00 00 00 08
00 01 00 E0
ACE_Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
Get
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
Set
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
ACE_Makers_Set_Enabled
00 00 00 08
0003 00 01
Get
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
ACE_C_PIN_Get_PSID_NoPIN_UID
00 00 00 80
00 01 00 E1
C_PIN_PSID
00 00 00 0B
00 01 FF 01
New ACE table entries related to Revert are illustrated in Table 279.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
349
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
Anybody
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
21.8
Ports
The ports capability is an HGST feature which is not a requirement under TCG Enterprise SSC. In order to use the
ports capabilities on encryption drives, the user must successfully authenticate. Once a user successfully
authenticates, they may change the state of any of the ports at any time during an active session to either the locked
or unlocked state. The exception of having to authenticate, is anyone can use the Get Firmware Download Port
Values command without authenticating. The functionality and definition of these ports is shown below in a table.
The feature does make use of the TCG structures and tables. An additional table, the ports table, has been
implemented, and additional entries were made to the Admin SP ACE table and the Admin SP AccessControl Table.
The ports table and the modified TCG SSC tables are shown below.
Table 304
Ports Functionality
Port Name
Firmware Download
Diagnostics
Table 305
Description
This port has 2 valid states: locked and unlocked.
On encryption drives, the download port is unlocked initially, LockOnReset is "Null". Code
can be downloaded onto the drive after the signature is successfully verified. If the
signature cannot be verified successfully, no firmware can be downloaded to the drive. The
user can change the state of the firmware download port only after authentication.
On non-encryption drives, this port will be set to unlocked at the factory, and the state
cannot be changed by the user. Firmware will be downloaded to the non-encryption drive
through this port without verification of the signature.
This port has 2 valid states: locked and unlocked. This port allows HGST access to
modify any TCG table or key. In order to open this port both the SID and the Maker
authorities need to be authenticated. The purpose of this port is to aid HGST in debugging
Ports Table
UID
Name
LockOnReset
PortLocked
00 01 00 02 00 01 00 02
Firmware_Dload_Port
Null
FALSE
00 01 00 02 00 01 00 01
Diagnostic_Port
PowerCycle
TRUE
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
350
Table 306 Modified ‘Admin SP’ ACE Table
UID
Name
Cmn
Name
Boolean Expression
Row
Start
Row
End
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
Anybody
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 01
Null
Null
‘’’’
‘’’’
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
Makers
‘’’’
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 03
Null
Null
‘’’’
‘’’’
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
SID
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null
Null
‘’’’
‘’’’
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 03
SID_SetSelf
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null
Null
“PIN”
“PIN”
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 04
MSID_Get
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 01
Null
Null
“PIN”
“PIN”
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 05
SID_Set Makers
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null
Null
“Enabled”
“Enabled”
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 06
SID_Makers_SetDiag
“”
Null
Null
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 07
SID_Makers_GetDiag
“”
Null
Null
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 08
SID_SetPort
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null
Null
“PortLocked”
“PortLocked”
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 09
SID_GetPort
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null
Null
00 00 00 80
00 01 00 E1
ACE_C_PIN_Get_PSID_NoPIN
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 01
Null
Null
“”
“”
00 00 00 08
00 01 00 E0
ACE_SP_PSID
“”
00 00 00 09 00 01 FF 01
Null
Null
“”
“”
00 00 00 09
00 01 FF 01
ACE_Makers_Set_Enabled
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
Null
Null
“”
“”
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
And
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 03
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 06
And
00 00 00 09 00 00 00 03
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
351
Column Start Column End
“LockOnReset” “PortLocked”
The last 3 lines of the table are additional entries required for Revert. The 2 lines of the table are the additional
entries required to implement the firmware download port.
Table 307 Modified ‘Admin SP’ Access Control Table (part 1 of 2)
Row
UID
Number
VU
VU
VU
VU
VU
VU
VU
VU
VU
VU
Add ACE Remove
ACL
ACE ACL
Invoking ID
Method ID
Common Name
ACL
Log
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
(This SP)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 0C
(Authenticate)
Anybody
Authenticate
Admin SP
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 0C
(Authenticate)
00 00 00 06 00
00 00 08
(Next)
Makers-NextAuthority table
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
Anybody-GetAnybody Authority
Object
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
Anybody-GetAnybody Authority
Object
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 03
(Makers)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
SID-Get-SID
Authority Object
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 00
(Authority
table)
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 01
(Anybody
Authority
object)
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 03
(Makers
Authority
object)
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 06
(SID Authority
object)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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Method ID
Table 308 Modified ‘Admin SP’ Access Control Table (part 2 of 2)
Row
UID
Number
Add ACE Remove
ACL
ACE ACL
Invoking ID
Method ID
Common Name
ACL
Log
VU
00 00 00 0B
00 00 00 00
(C_PIN table)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 08
(Next)
Makers-Next-C_
PIN table
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 02
(Makers)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 02
(Makers)
VU
VU
00 00 00 0B
00 00 00 01
(SID C_PIN
object)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
(Set)
SID_Set
Self-Set-SID_C_
PIN object
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 03 None
(SID_SetSelf)
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 00 00 0B
00 00 84 02
(MSID C_PIN
object)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
(Get)
MSID_Get-GetMSID C_PIN
object
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 04
(MSID_Get)
None
Null
Null
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 00 00 09
00 00 00 03
(Makers
Authority
object)
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
(Set)
SID_SetMakersSet-Makers
Authority Object
00 00 00 08
00 00 8C 05
None
(SID_SetMak
ers)
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 00 00 00
00 00 00 01
(ThisSP)
00 00 00 06
00 00 06 01
(Random)
Anybody-Random
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 02
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
SID_Set_Dload
SID_SetPort None
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 02
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
SID_GetDload
SID_GetPort None
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 01
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 07
SID_Makers_
SetDiag
SID_Makers_
None
SetDiag
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
VU
00 01 00 02
00 01 00 02
00 00 00 06
00 00 00 06
SID_Makers_
SetDiag
SID_Makers_
None
SetDiag
Nul
Nul
00 00 00 08
00 00 02 01
(SID)
VU
00 00 00 08
00 00 00 01
(Anybody)
None
The last 2 lines of the table are the additional entries required to implement the firmware download port.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
353
Method ID
21.9
MSID
The MSID is set for each drive at the time of manufacturing to the serial number concatenated 4 times, to create a 32
byte password. Thus, as an example, if the serial number of a drive is abcd1234, the MSID would then be set to
abcd1234abcd1234abcd1234abcd1234. In TCG use cases such as “erase” or “repurpose”, this will be the MSID
that is restored to the drive.
HGST serial numbers are unique and are generated according to the following general rules:
 Maximum length of the serial number is 8 characters
 Serial numbers do not contain the characters “I" or "O".
21.10 Logging
HGST logging functions will not record any sensitive data such as customer plain text data, passwords, encryption
keys or wrapping keys.
21.11 Number of Sessions
The HGST implementation supports 1 active session at a time. In the case when a session is active and a new
session is requested, the drive answers the host with SP_BUSY. This covers the following 2 scenarios.
 If an SP is in session and an attempt is made to start a second session with the same SP.
 If an SP is in session and an attempt is made to start a second session with a different SP.
21.12 Number of Bands
The Enterprise SSC specification calls for support of up to 1024 bands. The HGST implementation supports a
maximum of 6 bands.
Bands must be 4K aligned. This means Band start (Range start) and Band size (Range size) must be 4K aligned.
21.13 Number of COMIDs
The HGST Enterprise SSC implementation supports 2 COMIDs, the minimum requirement in the Enterprise SSC
specification. Only 1 COMID can be in use at any time.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
354
21.14 Locked and Unlocked Behavior
21.14.1 T10 SCSI Commands
The table below describes how basic T10 SCSI commands behave on encryption drives in the locked and unlocked
states.
Table 309
T10 SCSI Commands Behavior Table (part 1 of 2)
Command
FORMAT UNIT (04)
Unlocked
OEM
INQUIRY (12)
LOG SELECT (4C)
LOG SENSE (4D)
MODE SELECT (15)
MODE SELECT (55)
MODE SENSE (1A)
MODE SENSE (5A)
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5E)
PERSISTENT RESERVE IN (5F)
PRE-FETCH (34)
PRE-FETCH (90)
READ (6) - (08)
READ (10) - (28)
READ (12) - (A8)
READ (16) - (88)
READ (32) - (7F/09)
READ BUFFER (3C)
READ CAPACITY (10) - (25)
READ CAPACITY (16) (9E/10)
READ DEFECT DATA (37)
READ DEFECT DATA (B7)
READ LONG (3E)
READ LONG (9E)
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07)
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS
RESULTS (1C)
RELEASE (17)
RELEASE (57)
REPORT DEVICE IDENTIFIER
(A3/05)
REPORT LUNS (A0)
REPORT SUPPORTED
OPERATION CODES (A3/0C)
REPORT SUPPORTED TASK
MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS
(A3/0D)
REQUEST SENSE (03)
RESERVE (16)
RESERVE (56)
REZERO UNIT (01)
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
Locked
Command can’t be executed when locked. Must unlock with
MSID or password, before formatting.
OEM
OEM
OEM-no access to customer data, will get some log information.
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
MSID only - limits DRAM accessibility. This is a read function.
MSID only - limits DRAM accessibility. This is a read function.
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
OEM. Sensitive data cannot be snap shorted from DRAM.
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM.
OEM
OEM
OEM.
OEM.
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
355
Table 310
T10 SCSI Commands Behavior Table (part 2 of 2)
Command
Unlocked
SANITIZE (48)
OEM
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN (A2)
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT (B5)
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D)
SET DEVICE IDENTIFIER (A4/06)
START STOP UNIT (1B)
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (10) - (35)
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (16) - (91)
TEST UNIT READY (00)
VERIFY (10)-(2F)
VERIFY (12) - (AF)
VERIFY (16) - (8F)
VERIFY (32) - (7F/0A)
WRITE (6) - (0A)
WRITE (10) - (2A)
WRITE (12) - (AA)
WRITE (16) - (8A)
WRITE (32) - (7F/0B)
WRITE AND VERIFY (10) - (2E)
WRITE AND VERIFY (12) - (AE)
WRITE AND VERIFY (16) - (8E)
WRITE AND VERIFY (32) - (7F/0C)
WRITE BUFFER (3B)
(T10)
WRITE BUFFER (3B)
(For FW download)
WRITE LONG (10)-(3F)
WRITE LONG (16)-(9F)
WRITE SAME (10)-(41)
WRITE SAME (16) - (93)
WRITE SAME (32) - (7F/0D)
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
(write DRAM
on to drive)
FW is signed
and
downloaded
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
Locked
Command cannot be executed when any band is locked.
All bands must be unlocked before executing SANITIZE
command.
Per TCG spec. Contains TCG payload.
Per TCG spec. Contains TCG payload.
Customer specific.
OEM.
OEM
OEM
OEM
OEM
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
Command access denied if the effective range is locked.
OEM
OEM. The write buffer command only functions to write
to the buffer.
Per TCG and T10 specification. Ent_A authorized only.
Per TCG and T10 specification. Ent_A authorized only.
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
Ent_A authorized only
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
356
21.14.2 TCG SSC Commands
The table below describes how the required TCG Enterprise SSC commands behave on encryption drives in the
locked and unlocked states. The TCG Enterprise requires the implementation of the Base, Admin, Locking, and
Crypto Templates.
Table 311
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -1
Command
Unlocked
Locked
Returns session properties to host.
N/A
N/A
Start Session
Start a session
N/A
N/A
Syc Session
Response to say session successfully started.
N/A
N/A
End (Close) a session
N/A
N/A
Session
Management
Properties
Close Session
Table 312
Description
There are two types of sessions:
1) Read-Only session
2) Read-Write session.
The SSC requires us to support Read-Write sessions. Read-Only
session is not allowed. A session is always initiated by the host.
See the “Write” parameter in the Start Session method description
@ TCG Core 5.2.3.1, and see SSC requirement in SSC 6.2.1.2.
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -2
Command
Discovery
Level 0
Description
Allows the host to discover a TCG drive, its properties,
and table values.
Discovery request sent by host as IF-RCV command.
Security Protocol = 0x01, COMID=0x0001
Unlocked
Locked
N/A
N/A
Level 1
Request basic TPER capabilities via properties using host Uses properties Uses properties
messaging.
method.
method.
Level 2
TCG methods retrieve table cell values.
Table 313
See methods
below.
See methods
below.
Unlocked
Locked
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -3
Command
Cryptographic
Template
Random
Description
This is the only required method in the crypto template for N/A - Not related
SSC. It is a random number generator in software.
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
357
N/A - Not related
to bands/data on
drive.
Authentication
required.
Table 314
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -4
Command
Description
Base Template Mandatory
Set
Sets a value in a table
Get
Gets (reads) a value in a table
ParamCheck
LRC
Next
Authenticate
GatACL
Table 315
Unlocked
N/A - table operations. N/A - table
Not related to
operations. Not
bands/data on drive. related to
bands/data on
drive.
N/A - table operations. N/A - table
Not related to
operations. Not
bands/data on drive. related to
bands/data on
drive.
N/A
N/A
TPer implements param check LRC (longitudinal
Redundancy Check) on get/set method calls on PIN
value
Iterates over all the rows of a table. Method requires N/A - table operations.
user to specify "where" (row in table) and a "count".
Not related to
If where not specified, 1st row in table is used. For
bands/data on drive.
count not specified, default is number of last row in
table. Returns 0 or more row number/uidref pairs
currently in use in table, per parameters specified.
Authenticate an authority within a session (session
must have successfully begun).
Returns contents of access controls association's ACL
stored in Method Table. The result is a list of
UIDREFS to ACE objects.
Locked
N/A – table
operations. Not
related to
bands/data on
drive.
Must be authorized.
Must be
authorized.
N/A - table operations. N/A – table
Not to do with
operations. Not
bands/data on drive. related to
bands/data on
drive.
TCG Enterprise SSC Commands Behavior -5
Command
Locking
Template
Erase
Description
Unlocked
Locked
Mandatory
Cryptographically erases user data in a specified LBA
range and resets the access control (locking) of that LBA
range
Can erase if
authorized.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
358
Generates error.
21.15 Error Codes
All error codes are compliant with the TCG Core specification and SIIF, except in the following case:
 The maximum sessions allowed at any single time is 1. When a session is active and a new session is
requested, the drive answers the host with SP_BUSY, instead of NO_SESSIONS_AVAILABLE.
21.16 Customer Specific Requirements
This specification does not cover customer-specific requirements. Customer-specific requirements are submitted
by the customer to HGST in the form of a customer-specification document.
21.17 FIPS140 Cryptographic Officer Instructions
These instructions, to the Cryptographic Officer of FIPS140 models, are of paramount importance for the correct
deployment and operation of the drive. The Cryptographic Officer is a trusted operator in the delivery and operation
of the drive. Cryptographic Officers shall faithfully execute these instructions or intended security policies
can fail.
The Security Policy may be downloaded from the NIST/CMVP website. The FIPS140 model numbers, firmware
versions and hardware versions are also posted there:
( http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cmvp/documents/140-1/140val-all.htm )
21.17.1 Physical Security
Verify that the drive has not been tampered with by inspecting the tamper evidence labels as described in the
Security Policy.
21.17.2 Security Protocol Parameters
21.17.2.1 Security Protocol Information Description
21.17.2.1.1 Overview
The security protocol information security protocol (i.e., the SECURITY PROTOCOL field set to 00h in a
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command) returns security protocol related information. A SECURITY
PROTOCOL IN command in which the SECURITY PROTOCOL field is set to 00h is not associated with a
previous SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command and shall be processed without regard for whether a
SECURITY PROTOCOL OUT command has been processed.
If the SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command is supported, the SECURITY PROTOCOL field set to 00h shall be
supported as defined in this standard.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
359
21.17.2.1.2 CDB Description
If the SECURITY PROTOCOL field is set to 00h in a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command, the contents of the
SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC field are defined in the table.
Table 316
SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC Field for SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Protocol 00h
Type
Code
Description
M
0000h
Supported security protocol list
M
0001h
Certificate data
O
0002h
Security compliance information
all others
Reserved
All other CDB fields for SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command shall meet the requirements stated in 18.42.
Each time a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command with the SECURITY PROTOCOL field set to 00h is received, the
device server shall transfer the data defined in 21.17.2.1 starting with byte 0.
21.17.2.1.3 Supported Security Protocols List Description
If the SECURITY PROTOCOL field is set to 00h and the SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC field is set to
0000h in a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command, then the parameter data shall have the format shown in the
table.
Table 317
Supported Security Protocols SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0-5
Reserved
6-7
SUPPORTED SECURITY PROTOCOL LIST LENGTH (m-7)
Supported security protocol list
8
m
…
…
SUPPORTED SECURITY PROTOCOL (00h) [first]
SUPPORTED SECURITY PROTOCOL [last]
m+1
…
Pad bytes (if any)
n
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
360
0
•
The SUPPORTED SECURITY PROTOCOL LIST LENGTH field indicates the total length, in bytes, of the
supported security protocol list that follows.
•
Each SUPPORTED SECURITY PROTOCOL field in the supported security protocols list shall contain one
of the security protocol values (see Table 241 and Table 243) supported by the logical unit. The values
shall be listed in ascending order starting with 00h.
•
Pad bytes may be appended so the total data length conforms to the ALLOCATION LENGTH field requirements
(see 18.42). Pad bytes shall have a value of 00h.
21.17.2.1.4 Certificate Data Description
21.17.2.1.4.1
Certificate Overview
If the SECURITY PROTOCOL field is set to 00h and the SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC field is set to
0001h in a SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command, then the parameter data shall have the format shown:
Table 318
Certificate Data SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0-1
Reserved
2-3
CERTIFICATE LENGTH (m-3)
4-m
CERTIFICATE
(m+1) - n
Pad bytes (if any)
2
1
0
•
CERTIFICATE LENGTH field indicates the total length, in bytes, of the certificate or certificates that follow.
length may include more than one certificate. If the device server doesn’t have a certificate to transfer, the
CERTIFICATE LENGTH field shall be set to 0000h.
•
CERTIFICATE is either an X.509 Public Key Certificate (see 21.17.2.1.4.2) or an X.509 Attribute Certificate
(see 21.17.2.1.4.3) depending on the capabilities of the logical unit.
•
Pad bytes may be appended so the total data length conforms to the ALLOCATION LENGTH field requirements
(see 18.42). Pad bytes shall have a value of 00h.
21.17.2.1.4.2
The
Public Key Certificate Description
RFC 5280 defines the certificate syntax for certificates consistent with X.509v3 Public Key Certificate Specification.
21.17.2.1.4.3
Attribute Certificate Description
RFC 3281 defines the certificate syntax for certificates consistent with X.509v2 Attribute Certificate Specification.
21.17.2.1.5 Security Compliance Information Description
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21.17.2.1.5.1
Security Compliance Information Overview
The security compliance information parameter data contains information about security standards that apply to this
SCSI target device.
If the SECURITY PROTOCOL field is set to 00h and the SECURITY PROTOCOL SPECIFIC field is set to 0002h in a
SECURITY PROTOCOL IN command, then the parameter data shall have the format shown:
Table 319
Security Compliance Information SECURITY PROTOCOL IN Parameter Data
Bit
Byte
7
0-3
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
SECURITY COMPLIANCE INFORMATION LENGTH (m-3)
Compliance descriptors
4
n
…
…
Compliance descriptor [first]
Compliance descriptor [last]
m+1
…
Pad bytes (if any)
n
•
The SECURITY COMPLIANCE INFORMATION LENGTH field indicates the total length, in bytes, of the
compliance descriptors that follow.
•
Each Compliance descriptor (see 21.17.2.1.5.2) contains information about a security standard that
applies to this SCSI target device. Compliance descriptors may be returned in any order.
•
Pad bytes may be appended so the total data length conforms to the ALLOCATION LENGTH field requirements
(see 18.42). Pad bytes shall have a value of 00h.
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21.17.2.1.5.2
Compliance Descriptor Overview
The format of a compliance descriptor in the security compliance information SECURITY PROTOCOL IN
parameter data is shown in table.
Table 320
Compliance Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0-1
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR TYPE
2-3
Reserved
4-7
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR LENGTH (n-3)
8-n
Descriptor specific information
•
1
0
The COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR TYPE field indicates the format of the descriptor specific
information. The security compliance information SECURITY PROTOCOL IN parameter data may
contain more than one compliance descriptor with the same value in the COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR
TYPE field.
Table 321
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Field
Related
Standards
Code
Description
0001h
Security requirements for cryptographic modules
All others
Reference
FIPS 140-2
FIPS 140-3
21.17.2.1.5.3
Reserved
•
The COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR LENGTH field indicates the number of bytes that follow in the compliance
descriptor.
•
The contents of the Descriptor specific information depend on the value in the COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR
TYPE field.
21.17.2.1.5.3
FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor
The FIPS 140 compliance descriptor contains information that may be used to locate information about a FIPS
140 certificate associated with the SCSI target device. The SCSI target device may or may not be operating
in the mode specified by that certificate.
Table 322
FIPS 140 Compliance Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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0
0-1
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR TYPE (0001h)
2-3
Reserved
4-7
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR LENGTH (0000 0208h)
8
RELATED STANDARD
9
OVERALL SECURITY LEVEL
10 - 15
Reserved
16 - 143
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR HARDWARE VERSION
144 - 271
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR VERSION
272 - 527
COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR MODULE NAME
•
The COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR TYPE field and COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR LENGTH field are defined in
21.17.2.1.5.2 and shall be set as shown in Table 322 for the FIPS 140 compliance descriptor.
•
The RELATED STANDARD field (see Table 324) is an ASCII data field that indicates the related standard
described by this compliance descriptor.
Table 323
RELATED STANDARD Field
Code
Related Standards
32h
FIPS 140-2
33h
FIPS 140-3
All others
Reserved
•
The OVERALL SECURITY LEVEL field is an ASCII data field that indicates the FIPS 140 overall security level
that is reported by NIST or CSEC.
•
The COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR HARDWARE VERSION field is null terminated, null padded data that
indicates the version number of the firmware or software in the module, as reported by NIST or CSEC. The
value in the COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR VERSION field is not related to the PRODUCT REVISION LEVEL
field of standard INQUIRY data.
•
The COMPLIANCE DESCRIPTOR MODULE NAME field is null terminated, null padded data that indicates the
name or identifier of the cryptographic module, as reported by NIST or CSEC.
21.17.3 Certified Models, Hardware Versions and Firmware
Versions
Use the INQUIRY command to read the model number and the firmware version from the device. Verify that these
have been certified by comparing against the values published in the Security Policy or on the CMVP website
Module Validation Lists:
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21.17.4 Cryptographic Module Acceptance and Provisioning
Initialize cryptographic services by executing the following TCG methods:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
StartSession and SyncSession using the 'AdminSP'.
Get 'MSID'.
Authenticate 'SID with MSID'; FAILURE indicates the Cryptographic Module has been tampered.
Set 'SID PIN' to your organizational value.
Set 'Makers.Enabled = FALSE' (required to enter FIPS mode).
Set ‘Firmware_Dload_Port.PortLocked = TRUE’
Set ‘Firmware_Dload_Port.LocOnReset = PowerCycle’
EndSession.
StartSession and SyncSession on the 'LockingSP'.
Authenticate 'EraseMaster with MSID'; FAILURE indicates the Cryptographic Module has been tampered.
Set 'EraseMaster PIN' to a new value.
Authenticate 'BandMaster0 with MSID'; FAILURE indicates the Cryptographic Module has been tampered.
Set 'BandMaster0 PIN' to a new value.
Repeat Steps [12-13] for each Band supported by the SED
EndSession.
Optionally, reset the SED to clear the authentication values established during initialization. This step is
optional and not necessarily required.
21.17.5 Zeroization of the Cryptographic Module
The TCG Revert method overwrites all security parameters to factory defaults,
1.
2.
3.
4.
StartSession and SyncSession on 'AdminSP'.
Authenticate 'PSID'.
Execute the TCG Revert method.
EndSession.
Reset the drive and clear the authentication values established during zeroization.
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22
SCSI Sense Data
22.1
SCSI Sense Data Format Introduction
Sense data is returned as CHECK CONDITION status and as parameter data in response to the REQUEST SENSE
command. The sense data returned by the drive can be in either fixed or descriptor format
22.1.1
Sense Data Format
Format of sense data returned as a CHECK_CONDITION_STATUS is based on the value of the D_SENSE bit in the
Control mode page (See section 18.10.9 "Mode Page 0A"). The REQUEST SENSE command may be used to
request either the fixed format sense data or the descriptor format sense data (See section 18.36 "REPORT
TIMESTAMP (A3/0F)
Table 229 REPORT TIMESTAMP (A3/0F)
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
Command Code = A3h
1
Reserved = 0
2-5
Service Action = 0Fh
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
6-9
Allocation Length
(LSB)
10
Reserved = 0
11
Control
The REPORT TIMESTAMP command requests that the device server return the current value of a device clock.
-
-
Allocation Length specifies the number of bytes that have been allocated for the returned parameter data. If
the length is not sufficient to contain all the parameter data, the first portion of the data shall be returned. The
actual length of the parameter data may be determined from the Additional Length field in the parameter data.
Control is defined by SAM-5.
Table 230 REPORT TIMESTAMP return parameter data
Bit
Byte
7
0-1
6
5
4
3
2
1
(MSB)
Timestamp Parameter Data Length = 000Ah
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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0
(LSB)
2
Reserved = 0
3
Timestamp Origin = 0Fh
Reserved = 0
(MSB)
4-9
Timestamp
(LSB)
3
Reserved = 0
The Timestamp Parameter Data Length field indicates the number of bytes of parameter data that follow. The
contents of the Timestamp Parameter Data Length field are not altered based on the allocation length (see Table
229).
The Timestamp Origin field indicates the most recent event that initialized the returned device clock using the
values shown in Table 231.
The Timestamp field contains the current value of a device clock.
22.1.2
Device clocks and timestamps
A timestamp may be included in data logged or recorded by a device server based on the contents of a device clock
saturating counter described in this subclause.
Device clocks may be managed with:
d. The REPORT TIMESTAMP command
e. The SET TIMESTAMP command
f. The Control Extension mode page
The device clock is initialized by:
c. Power on reset or hard reset that sets the device clock to zero
d. The SET TIMESTAMP command
After the device clock is initialized, the device server will increment it by one every millisecond.
The device clock is not affected by an I_T nexus loss or a logical unit reset.
Table 231 Timestamp Origin value
Code
000b
001b
010b
100b to 111b
Description
Device clock initialized to zero at power on or as the result of a hard reset
Reserved
Device clock initialized by the SET TIMESTAMP command
Reserved
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REQUEST SENSE").
22.1.3
Sense Data Length
Length of the sense data returned as part of CHECK_CONDITION status is determined by the sense data format:
a) Length of fixed format sense data is always 32 byte.
b) Length of descriptor format sense data is 60 byte (Generic Configuration)
For REQUEST SENSE command, length of the sense data is the number of bytes in the command’s Allocation
Length or the sense data length described above, whichever is less.
22.1.4
Sense Data Response Code
The first byte of all sense data contains the RESPONSE CODE field that indicates the error type and format of the
sense data. Table 324“Sense data response codes.” shows the RESPONSE CODE values which may be returned
by the drive
Table 324
Sense data response codes
Response Code
Error Type
Sense Data Format
70h
Current
Fixed
71h
Deferred
Fixed
72h
Current
Descriptor
73h
Deferred
Descriptor
Current Error:
This indicates an error for the current command.
Deferred Error: This indicates that the error is for a previous command that has already returned a good status.
Such commands are associated with the immediate bit or write caching. Format unit (04h) command is an example
of a command that may return a deferred error.
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22.2
Fixed Format Sense Data
Table 325 following table shows the format of fixed format of the sense data returned by the drive.
Table 325
Fixed Format Sense Data
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
Valid
4
3
2
1
0
Response Code (70h or 71h)
1
RSVD = 0
2
0
ILI
0
Sense Key
(MSB)
3-6
Information Bytes
(LSB)
7
Additional Sense Length
(MSB)
8-11
Command Specific Information
(LSB)
12
Additional Sense Code
13
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
14
FRU = 0
15
SKSV
Sense-Key Specific Bits
16-17
Sense-Key Specific Bytes
18-19
Reserved = 0
20-23
Vendor unique Error information
24-29
Command
30-31
Specific Information
Reserved = 0
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22.2.1
Valid (Bit 7 of byte 0)
0
The Information Bytes (byte 3 through 6) are not defined.
1
The Information Bytes (byte 3 through 6) contain a valid logical block address.
22.2.2
Response Code (Bit 6 - 0 of byte 0)
70h
Current Error. See section 22.1.4 "Sense Data Response Code" for more details.
71h
Deferred Error. See section 22.1.4 "Sense Data Response Code" for more details.
22.2.3
ILI: Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of byte 2)
The ILI bit is valid for the Read Long (3Eh) command and Write Long (3Fh) command only. ILI set to one and Valid
Bit set to one indicates that the requested logical block length does not match the logical block length of the data on
the medium for a Read Long or Write Long command. The Information field contains residue information about the
error. ILI set to zero indicates there is no incorrect length condition.
0
No Incorrect Length condition.
1
Incorrect Length Indicated.
Table 326
Incorrect Length Indicator
Valid
ILI
Command = Read
Long or Write Long
x
0
x
1
1
yes
Description
No incorrect length condition
Requested Logical block Length does not match the logical block
length of the data on the disk
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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22.2.4
Sense Key (Bit 3 - 0 of byte 2)
The sense key provides generic categories in which error and exception conditions can be reported. Initiators would
typically use sense keys for high level error recovery procedures.
0h
1h
2h
3h
4h
5h
6h
7h
8h
9h
Ah
Bh
Ch-Dh
Eh
Fh
No Sense
There is no sense key information to be reported for the logical unit.
Recovered Error
The last command completed successfully with some recovery action performed by the drive. More
detailed information is available in the Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
Not Ready
The logical unit addressed cannot be addressed. More detailed information is available in the
Additional Sense Code and Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
Medium Error
The command terminated with an unrecoverable error condition caused by a flaw in the media or an
error in the recorded data. More detailed information is contained in the Additional Sense Code and
Additional Sense Code Qualifier.
Hardware Error
The drive detected an unrecoverable hardware error while performing a command or during a
diagnostic test. More detailed information is contained in the Additional Sense Code and Additional
Sense Code Qualifier.
Illegal Request
There was an illegal parameter in the command descriptor block or additional parameter supplied as
data. If an invalid parameter is found in the CDB, then the command is terminated without altering
the medium. If an invalid parameter is found in parameters supplied as data, then the drive might
have altered the medium.
Unit Attention
Indicates that the drive entered in the 'Unit Attention Condition'. (See Section 20.1.5 "Unit Attention
Condition")
Data Protect
Not used
Vendor Specific
Not used
Aborted command
The drive aborted the command.
Not Implemented
Miscompare
Reserved
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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22.2.5
Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6)
This field is only valid when VALID bit is one.
- ILI = 0: This field contains the unsigned LBA associated with the sense key. The LBA reported will be within the
LBA range of the command as defined in the CDB.
Note:
An LBA other than the command LBA may be reported on the Reassign Block (07h) command.
Note:
When the value that need to be stored in the Information field is greater than 0xFFFFFFFF (e.g. an LBA
greater than 2TB) the VALID bit will always be set to 0. To retrieve such information in such cases, the drive must be
configured to return sense data in descriptor format. See section 18.10.9 "Mode Page 0A" for details
-
ILI = 1: This field contains the difference (residue) of the requested length in bytes. Negative values are
indicated by two's complement notation.
Table 327
Information Bytes (Byte 3 through 6)
Valid
ILI
0
x
0x00000000 - (not used/invalid)
1
0
LBA
1
1
Residue of the requested length in bytes
22.2.6
Description
Additional Sense Length (Byte 7)
Indicates the remaining number of bytes in the sense data. (It is always set to 18h.)
22.2.7
Command Specific Information (Byte 8 through 11)
This field is unused and will be set to zero.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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22.2.8
Additional Sense Code/Qualifier (Byte 12 and 13)
The following table shows the description of the combination of Sense Key / Sense Code / Qualifier.
Table 328
Sense Code/Qualifier
Valid Sense Key, Code , Qualifier Combinations Used by the Drive
Key
Code
Qual
Description
Sense Key = No Sense
00
00
00
No Additional Sense Information
0000 No Error
Sense Key = No Sense
0
0B
01
SMART Temperature Warning
1A02 SMART: Temperature Warning
0
0B
03
SMART Background Self-Test Failure
1A03 SMART: Background Self-Test Failure
0
0B
04
SMART Background Pre-Scan Failure
1A04 SMART: Background Pre-Scan Failure
0
0B
05
Background Media Scan Failure Warning
1A05 SMART: Background Media Scan Failure
0
5D
21
Milli-Actuator Error
1A21 SMART: Milli-Actuator Error
0
5D
22
Extreme Over-Temperature Warning
1A22 SMART: Extreme Over-Temperature Warning
0
5D
50
Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning
1A50 SMART: Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
373
0
5D
5B
Spinup Retry Count Warning
1A5B SMART: Spinup Retry Count Warning
0
5D
62
Read/Write Error Rate Warning
1A32 SMART: Read Error Rate Warning
1A4A SMART: Write Error Rate Warning
0
5D
63
Seek Error Rate Warning
1A43 SMART: Seek Error Rate Warning
0
5D
64
Spare Sector Availability Warning
1A14 SMART: Spare Sector Availability Warning
0
5D
66
Spinup Time Warning
1A56 SMART: Spinup Time Warning
0
5D
FF
Test Warning Threshold Reached
1AFF SMART: Test Warning Threshold Reached
0
5E
01
Idle_A Condition activated by Timer
1831 CMD: Power Mode Idle_A by Timer
0
5E
02
Standby_Z Condition activated by Timer
1834 CMD: Power Mode Standby_Z by Timer
0
5E
03
Idle_A Condition activated by Command
1835 CMD: Power Mode Idle_A by Command
0
5E
04
Standby_Z Condition activated by Command
1838 CMD: Power Mode Standby_Z by Command
0
5E
05
Idle_B Condition activated by Timer
1832 CMD: Power Mode Idle_B by Timer
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
374
0
5E
06
Idle_B Condition activated by Command
1836 CMD: Power Mode Idle_B by Command
0
5E
07
Idle_C Condition activated by Timer
1833 CMD: Power Mode Idle_C by Timer
0
5E
08
Idle_C Condition activated by Command
1837 CMD: Power Mode Idle_C by Command
0
5E
09
Standby_Y Condition activated by Timer
1839 CMD: Power Mode Standby_Y by Timer
0
5E
0A
Standby_Y Condition activated by Command
183A CMD: Power Mode
Standby_Y by Command
Sense Key = Recovered Error
1
02
00
No Seek Complete
141B Servo: Recovered Current Error
141D Servo: Recovered Seek Timeout
141F Servo: Recovered Seek Error
142B Servo: Recovered RRO Calibration Timeout
14A0 Servo: Recovered IDLE A Grab Error
14A2 Servo: Recovered IDLE A Seek Error
14A4 Servo: Recovered AVEDAC Error
14A6 Servo: Recovered IDLE A Exit Timeout Error
14A8 Servo: Recovered IDLE A Long Seek Error
14AA Servo: Recovered IDLE A Servo ID Acquisition Error
1
03
00
Peripheral Device Write Fault
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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1733 Media: Recovered Read Write Abort Error
1737 Media: Recovered Post Write Abort Error
1739 Media: Recovered Post PES Check Write Abort Error
17E0 Media: Recovered Write Splice Error
1ECE Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Other)
1ED0 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Estimator)
1ED2 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Predictor)
1ED4 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (PES Error)
1ED6 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Off Track Write Error
1ED8 Media: Recovered R/W Abort RRO Field Misread Error
1EDA Media: Recovered R/W Abort RRO Field Missing Error
1EDC Media: Recovered R/W Abort Idle Seek Error
1EDE Media: Recovered R/W Abort Seek Timeout Error
1EE0 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Estimator Error
1EE2 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Predictor Error
1EE4 Media: Recovered R/W Abort PES Error
1EE6 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Seek Start Error
1EE8 Media: Recovered R/W Abort PES Reset Error
1EEA Media: Recovered R/W Abort SID Unlock Error
1EEC Media: Recovered R/W Abort WCS Error
1EEE Media: Recovered R/W Abort Hard Reset Error
1EF0 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Shock Error
1EF2 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Unlock Macro Error
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1EF4 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Sharp Error
1EF6 Media: Recovered R/W Abort Aggressive Error
1EF8 Media: Recovered R/W Abort SVGA Limit Error
1EFA Media: Recovered R/W Abort Gray Code Error
1EFC Media: Recovered R/W Abort Burst Error
1EFE Media: Recovered R/W Abort No STM Error
1
09
00
Track Following Error
1421 Servo: Recovered Track Following Error
1423 Servo: Recovered Track Following Timeout
1
0B
01
SMART Temperature Warning
2A02 SMART: Temperature Warning
1
0B
03
SMART Background Self-Test Failure
2A03 SMART: Background Self-Test Failure
1
0B
04
SMART Background Pre-Scan Failure
2A04 SMART: Background Pre-Scan Failure
1
0B
05
Background Media Scan Failure Warning
2A05 SMART: Background Media Scan Failure
1
0C
01
Recovered Write Error with Auto Reallocation - Auto Reallocated
D703 Media: Auto Reallocated Write Error
1
0C
03
Recovered Write Error - Recommend Reassignment
1704 Media: Recovered Write Error - Recommend Reassign
1
10
01
Recovered Guard Check Error
17BC Media: Recovered Guard Check Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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1
10
02
Recovered Application Tag Error
17BA Media: Recovered Application Tag Error
1
10
03
Recovered Reference Tag Error
17B8 Media: Recovered Reference Tag Error
1
11
14
Recovered LBA Write Correctable Error
17CB Media: Recovered LBA Write Correctable Error
1
15
00
Random Positioning Error
1714 Media: Recovered Sector Overflow Error
173D Media: Recovered Sector Miss Error
1770 Media: Recovered SID Timeout Error
1778 Media: Recovered Mini Mode Timeout
177C Media: Recovered Servo Area Timeout
1780 Media: Recovered DLC SID Delay Timeout
17B2 Media: Recovered Abort Window Error
17EE Media: Recovered Sector Number Cylinder Error
1
16
00
Data Synchronization Mark Error
165C Channel: Recovered Mode Overlap Read Fault Error
1735 Channel: Recovered No Sync Detected Error
173B Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error
17AA Media: Recovered Read Overrun Error
1
16
01
Data Sync Error - Data Rewritten
E70E Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Rewritten
1
16
02
Data Sync Error - Recommend Rewrite
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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E70F Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Recommend Rewrite
1
16
03
Data Sync Error - Auto Reallocated
D710 Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Reassigned
1
16
04
Data Sync Error - Recommend Reassignment
E711 Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Recommend Reassign
1
17
01
Recovered Data with Retries
1718 Media: Recovered Sync Mark Retry Timeout
171E Media: Recovered Read Latency Error
1726 Media: Recovered Internal Write Catch Error
172C Media: Recovered Data
172E Media: Recovered Error on Last Data Read
176C Media: Recovered MEDC Correctable Error
1782 Media: Recovered Force Soft Error
1784 Media: Recovered Channel Sector Marginal Error
17A5 Media: Recovered LBA ECC Last Data Read Error
17E6 Media: Recovered NRZ Sector Marginal Error
1
17
06
Recovered Data Without LDPC - Data Auto-Reallocated
D705 Media: Error With OTF Correction - Reassigned
1
17
07
Recovered Data Without LDPC - Recommend Reassignment
E706 Media: Error With OTF Correction - Recommend Reassign
1
17
08
Recovered Data Without LDPC - Recommend Rewrite
E707 Media: Error With OTF Correction - Recommend Rewrite
1
17
09
Recovered Data Without LDPC - Data Rewritten
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
379
E708 Media: Error With OTF Correction - Rewritten
1
18
00
Recovered Data With LDPC
1709 Media: Recovered Error With Offline Correction
17AE Media: Recovered ECC Correctable Error
1
18
01
Recovered Data - Forced Channel Fault
167E Channel: Recovered Forced Channel Fault Error
1
18
02
Recovered Data - Data Auto-Reallocated
D70A Media: Error With Offline Correction - Reassigned
1
18
05
Recovered Data - Recommend Reassignment
E70B Media: Error With Offline Correction - Recommend Reassign
1
18
06
Recovered Data With LDPC - Recommend Rewrite
E70C Media: Error With Offline Correction - Recommend Rewrite
1
18
07
Recovered Data With LDPC - Data Rewritten
E70D Media: Error With Offline Correction - Rewritten
1
1C
00
Defect List Format Not Supported
1746 Media: Recovered Defect List Format Not Supported Error
1
1C
01
Primary Defect List Not Found. Requested Format Not Supported
1747 Media: Recovered Primary Defect List Not Found Error
1
1C
02
Grown Defect List Not Found. Requested Format Not Supported
1748 Media: Recovered Grown Defect List Not Found Error
1
1F
00
Partial Defect List Transfer
1749 Media: Recovered Partial Defect List Transferred Error
1
44
00
Internal Target Failure
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
380
F132 GEM FH Track Read Error
1201 Sanity: Error In UEC Class
1202 Sanity: Error In UEC Cause
1301 Motor: Recovered Internal Error
1303 Motor: Recovered Open Loop Commutation Failure
1305 Motor: Recovered No Feedback Detected Error
1307 Motor: Recovered Settle Timeout
1309 Motor: Recovered Gross Speed Error
130B Motor: Recovered 12V OK Error
130D Motor: Recovered Speed Error
1311 Motor: Recovered Internal 12V not OK Timeout
1313 Motor: Recovered Inductive Sense Measurement Timeout
1315 Motor: Recovered Spin Sense Speed Error
1319 Motor: Recovered Target Speed Error
131D Motor: Recovered Over Current Error
1321 Motor: Recovered Negative Regulator Fault
1323 Motor: Recovered Module Overtemp Error
1325 Motor: Recovered 12V or 5V OK Error
1327 Motor: Recovered Unknown Error
1365 Motor: Recovered Predriver Voltage Offset Calibration Error
1367 Motor: Recovered Predriver BEMF Gain Calibration Error
1369 Motor: Recovered Predriver BEMF Unload Calibration Error
136F Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 1 Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
381
1371 Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 2 Error
1373 Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Saturation Error
1375 Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Adjustment Error
1401 Servo: Recovered Requested rezero head does not exist
1403 Servo: Recovered Back EMF movement in progress
1405 Servo: Recovered Back EMF timeout error
1407 Servo: Recovered ADC conversion timeout
1409 Servo: Recovered Load/unload calibration error
140B Servo: Recovered Invalid 5 volts
140D Servo: Recovered Invalid 12 volts
140F Servo: Recovered Invalid harmonic requested
1411 Servo: Recovered Gain BEMF Calibration error
1413 Servo: Recovered VOFF BEMF calibration error
1415 Servo: Recovered Invalid temperature
1417 Servo: Recovered Truncated rezero
1419 Servo: Recovered Heads not loaded
1425 Servo: Recovered KT Seek out of range
1427 Servo: Recovered DAC Offset calibration error
1429 Servo: Recovered Load speed error
142D Servo: Recovered ADC Calibration error
142F Servo: Recovered ADC Offset error
1431 Servo: Recovered ADC Limit error
1433 Servo: Recovered Balancer Resistance error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
382
1435 Servo: Recovered Balancer Resistance Limit error
1437 Servo: Recovered First Cylinder error
1439 Servo: Recovered Valid Cylinder error
143B Servo: Recovered ADC Saturation error
143D Servo: Recovered Latch Break timeout
143F Servo: Recovered MR Resistance out of range error
1441 Servo: Recovered VCM Retract error
1443 Servo: Recovered Load Retry error
1445 Servo: Recovered DFT Sharp error
1447 Servo: Recovered Load/Unload state error
1449 Servo: Recovered TFCR out-of-range error
144B Servo: Recovered Measure GMR Timeout
144D Servo: Recovered Coil Resistance Measurement Failure
145F Servo: Recovered WCS Hang Error
1461 Servo: Recovered DFT Timeout Error
1463 Servo: Recovered SDM Timeout Error
1465 Servo: Recovered RRO Write Error
1467 Servo: Recovered Velocity Error
1469 Servo: Recovered Start SID Incorrect Error
146B Servo: Recovered End Sid Incorrect Error
146D Servo: Recovered Measure GMR SDM Failure
146F Servo: Recovered VCM Free Speed Error
1471 Servo: Recovered Emergency Brake Timeout Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
383
1473 Servo: Recovered Excessive Current Error
1475 Servo: Recovered Excessive Velocity Error
147D Servo: Recovered RROF SDM Timeout Error
147F Servo: Recovered RROF Over Limit Error
1482 Servo: Recovered Measure Asymmetry SDM Failure
1486 Servo: Recovered Milli-Calibration Error
148C Servo: Recovered Measure Qsamp SDM Failure
148E Servo: Recovered Tilt Calibration Error
1490 Servo: Recovered Tilt Numerical Error
1496 Servo: Recovered DTID Inhibit Error
1498 Servo: Recovered DTID Unlock Error
149A Servo: Recovered SHARP Pulse TFC Entry Error
149C Servo: Recovered Heads Not Loaded FFSULI
149E Servo: Recovered Load Abort FFSULI
14AC Servo: Recovered OD Crash Stop Detection Error
14AE Servo: Recovered Unexpected Motion Error
1606 AE: Recovered AE Last Data Read Error
1609 AE: Recovered TFC Short Error
160B AE: Recovered Shorted MR Element Error
1610 AE: Recovered ECS Shorted Fault
1612 AE: Recovered ECS Open Fault
1614 AE: Recovered ECS Fault
1616 Channel: Recovered Channel Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
384
161A AE: Recovered Open MR Element Error
161C AE: Recovered IC Over Temperature Error
161E AE: Recovered IP Clock Count Error
1620 AE: Recovered DLC SVCLK Error
1622 AE: Recovered Write Data BLS Error
1626 AE: Recovered Power Supply Error
1628 AE: Recovered Open Write Head Error
162A AE: Recovered Write Transition Error
162E Channel: Recovered Channel NRZ Clear Timeout Error
1630 AE: Recovered SPE Low In Write Fault
1636 AE: Recovered Short Write Head Error
163C AE: Recovered TFC Open Error
1644 AE: Recovered Latch Fault Error
1648 Channel: Recovered Reset Flag Error
164A Channel: Recovered Gate Command Queue Underflow Error
164C Channel: Recovered Sector Size Fault Error
164E Channel: Recovered Last Split Fault Error
1650 Channel: Recovered Servo-Servo Overlap Error
1652 Channel: Recovered Read Gate Fault Error
1654 Channel: Recovered RWBI Out Fault Error
1656 Channel: Recovered No Write Clock Error
1658 Channel: Recovered No NRZ Clock Error
165A Channel: Recovered Calibration Block Fault Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
385
165E Channel: Recovered Gate Command Queue Overflow Error
1660 Channel: Recovered Ending Write Splice Fault Error
1662 Channel: Recovered Write Gate Overlap Fault Error
1664 Channel: Recovered Write Gate Fault Error
1666 Channel: Recovered Buffer Overflow Write Error
1668 Channel: Recovered Buffer Underflow Write Error
166A Channel: Recovered Write Parity Error
166C Channel: Recovered Buffer Overflow Read Error
166E Channel: Recovered CTG Wedge Slip Fault Error
1670 Channel: Recovered CTG Packet Late Fault Error
1672 Channel: Recovered Baseline Instability Count Late Error
1674 Channel: Recovered Preamp Count Fault Error
1676 Channel: Recovered Pfault Read Error
1678 Channel: Recovered Pfault Write Error
167A Channel: Recovered Last Data Fault Error
167C Channel: Recovered WRPO Fault Error
1680 Channel: Recovered PLLFloor Error
1682 Channel: Recovered Losslock Error
1684 Channel: Recovered VGA Floor Error
1686 Channel: Recovered Buffer EVGA Floor Error
1688 Channel: Recovered TA Detector Error
168A Channel: Recovered NPLD Error
168C Channel: Recovered ZGR Flag Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
386
168E Channel: Recovered DPLL Freq Flag Error
1690 Channel: Recovered Massive Drop Out Detection Error
1692 Channel: Recovered CTG Parameter Out of Bounds Error
1694 Channel: Recovered Flaw Signal Sync Error
1696 Channel: Recovered ACQ Flag Error
1698 Channel: Recovered No Clock Error
169A Channel: Recovered PLL Losslock Error
169C Channel: Recovered ESNR Timeout Error
169E Channel: Recovered ADC Sample Not Ready Error
16A2 Channel: Recovered Auto RST NRZ-Clock Error
16A4 Channel: Recovered Write CRC Fault Error
16A6 Channel: Recovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
16A8 Channel: Recovered RLL Parameter Error
16AA Channel: Recovered FIFO Underflow Error
16AC Channel: Recovered FIFO Overflow Error
16AE Channel: Recovered Iterative Decoder Error
16B0 Channel: Recovered Iterative Read Error
16B2 Channel: Recovered Encoder Overflow Error
16B4 Channel: Recovered Encoder Underflow Error
16B6 Channel: Recovered Encoder RAM CRC Error
16B8 Channel: Recovered Interface Fault
16BA Channel: Recovered QMM EVDump Parse Error
16BC Channel: Recovered DiBit Timeout Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
387
16BE Channel: Recovered MXP Write Fault
16C0 Channel: Recovered Data Jam Error
16C2 Channel: Recovered Code-Word Out Of Order Error
16C4 Channel: Recovered Read RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
16C6 Channel: Recovered Write RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
16C8 Channel: Recovered CTG No SAM Detected Fault Error
16CA Channel: Recovered ITI Adjust Preload Fault Track Error
16CC Channel: Recovered WTG SRV Fault Error
16CE Channel: Recovered CTG Engine Not Ready Fault Error
16D0 Channel: Recovered LLI Abort Fault Error
16D2 Channel: Recovered Retry Fault Error
16D4 Channel: Recovered WTG Timeout Fault Error
16D6 Channel: Recovered ITI Fault TS Transfer All Error
16D8 Channel: Recovered ITI Data Fault Error
16DC Channel: Recovered Data Jam Fault Error
16DE Channel: Recovered Code-Word Out of Order Error
16E0 Channel: Recovered RLL Initialization Timeout Error
16E7 Channel: Recovered Mode Overlap Write Error
16E9 Channel: Recovered Ready Fault Error
16EB Channel: Recovered Synchronous Abort Done Error
16ED Channel: Recovered NRZ Clear Fault Error
16EF Channel: Recovered Collision Fault Error
16F1 Channel: Recovered Read Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
388
16F3 Channel: Recovered Servo Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
16F5 Channel: Recovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
16F7 Channel: Recovered Fragment Number Fault Error
16F9 Channel: Recovered Preamble Quality Monitor Fault Error
1712 Media: Recovered LBA MEDC Error
1716 Media: Recovered Write Overrun Error
171C Media: Recovered DRAM CRC Error
1731 Media: Recovered Write Fault
1744 Media: Recovered Sudden Stop Error
1759 Media: Recovered Unknown Error
1766 Channel: Recovered XTS LOAD Timeout Error
176A Media: Recovered No NRZ Clock Error
176E Media: Correctable Channel Ready Error
1786 Media: Recovered LLI Underrun Error
178C Media: Recovered FFSULI Timeout
1792 Media: Recovered MEDC Write Data Not Ready Error
1794 Media: Recovered DMA Timeout Error
1798 Media: Recovered ID Not Found Error
179C Media: Recovered Channel Read Timeout Error
17B4 Media: Recovered Shock Sensor Error
17C0 Media: Recovered End Sector Check Error
17C2 Media: Recovered Read CRC Error
17C4 Media: Recovered DRAM ECC Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
389
17C6 Media: Recovered DRAM ECC LBA Error
17D4 Media: Recovered Parity PTR FIFO Error
17D6 Media: Recovered Parity LBA FIFO Error
17D8 Media: Recovered Parity Uncorrectable FIFO Error
17DA Media: Recovered Status Uncorrectable FIFO Error
17DC Media: Recovered Parity EDC SRAM Error
17DE Media: Recovered REQ/ACK Handshake Error
17E2 Media: Recovered Read Parity Error
17E4 Media: Recovered EPO Error
17E8 Media: Recovered AE Access Inhibit Error
17EA Media: Recovered PTR FIFO Error
17EC Media: Recovered LBA FIFO Error
17F0 Media: Recovered Read Transfer Length Error
17F2 Media: Recovered DS RDC Burst Error
17F4 Media: Recovered SV RDC Burst Error
17F6 Media: Recovered Channel AE WG Error
1
44
0B
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
130F Motor: Recovered Spindle Current error
1317 Motor: Recovered Spin Sense timeout
131F Motor: Recovered System clock watchdog error
1329 Motor: Recovered VCM DAC watchdog error
132B Motor: Recovered Module mid-die overtemp fault
132D Motor: Recovered Module Vcmp hi-side overtemp fault
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
390
132F Motor: Recovered Module Vcmn hi-side overtemp fault
1331 Motor: Recovered Invalid standby RPM request
1333 Motor: Recovered Invalid spin state request
1335 Motor: Recovered Hardware retract timeout
1337 Motor: Recovered thermal limit exceeded
1339 Motor: Recovered Predriver fault
133B Motor: Recovered Predriver Watchdog Fsys error
133D Motor: Recovered Predriver Watchdog DAC error
133F Motor: Recovered Predriver Speed Low error
1341 Motor: Recovered Predriver UV Vboost error
1343 Motor: Recovered Predriver NREG UV error
1345 Motor: Recovered Predriver Ext NPOR error
1347 Motor: Recovered Predriver Reg UV error
1349 Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
134B Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 Volt Supply error
134D Motor: Recovered Predriver Over Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
134F Motor: Recovered Precriver Under Voltage 1.8 Volt Supply error
1351 Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 0.9 Volt Supply error
1353 Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.5 Volt Supply error
1355 Motor: Recovered Predriver Shock Detected error
1357 Motor: Recovered Predriver Over Temperature error
1359 Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 3.3 Volt Supply error
135B Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 and 12 Volt Supply error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
391
135D Motor: Recovered Predriver Error in Enabling Power Saving Mode
135F Motor: Recovered Predriver Fault in Auto Retract
1361 Motor: Recovered Predriver Error in Utilizing External Power Supply
1363 Motor: Recovered Predriver Regulator Supply Fault
136B Motor: Recovered Predriver VCM Short Error
136D Motor: Recovered Predriver NREG disable error
1
44
F9
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
144F Servo: Recovered SHARP Parity Error
1451 Servo: Recovered SHARP Parity Rate Error
1453 Servo: Recovered SHARP Decode Error
1455 Servo: Recovered SHARP Decode Rate Error
1457 Servo: Recovered SHARP Timeout Error
1459 Servo: Recovered SHARP Timeout Rate Error
145B Servo: Recovered SHARP Other Error
145D Servo: Recovered SHARP Other Rate Error
1
5D
01
Self Test Error
1A85 Self-Test: Recovery Error
2A85 Self-Test: Servo Error
4A85 Self-Test: Command Timeout Error
FA85 Self-Test: Unrecoverable Error
1
5D
14
Self Test GLIST Error Threshold Reached
2A83 Self-Test: GLIST Error Count Threshold Reached
1
5D
21
Milli-Actuator Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
392
2A21 SMART: Milli-Actuator Error
1
5D
22
Extreme Over-Temperature Warning
2A22 SMART: Extreme Over-Temperature Warning
1
5D
50
Load/Unload cycle Count Warning
2A50 SMART: Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning
1
5D
5B
Spinup Retry Count Warning
2A5B SMART: Spinup Retry Count Warning
1
5D
62
Read/Write Error Rate Warning
2A32 SMART: Read Error Rate Warning
2A4A SMART: Write Error Rate Warning
1
5D
63
Seek Error Rate Warning
2A43 SMART: Seek Error Rate Warning
1
5D
64
Spare Sector Availability Warning
2A14 SMART: Spare Sector Availability Warning
1
5D
66
Spinup Time Warning
2A56 SMART: Spinup Time Warning
1
5D
FF
Test Warning Threshold Reached
2AFF SMART: Test Warning Threshold Reached
Sense Key = Not Ready
2
04
00
Logical Unit Not Ready - Start Spindle Motor Fail
F501 Host Interface: Logical unit not ready
2
04
01
Logical Unit Is In The Process of Becoming Ready
F502 Host Interface: Logical unit becoming ready
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
393
2
04
02
Logical Unit Not Ready, initializing command required
F124 Bring-up error
F503 Host Interface: Logical unit not ready - initializing command required
2
04
03
Logical Unit Not Ready, Manual Intervention Required
F572 Host Interface: LUN not ready; manual intervention required
2
04
04
Logical Unit Not Ready, Format In Progress
F504 Host Interface: Not ready - format in progress
2
04
09
Not Ready - Self-test In Progress
F505 Host Interface: Not ready - self-test in progress
2
04
0D
Not Ready - Session opened
F508 Host Interface: Not Ready - Session opened
2
04
11
Not Ready - Notify (Enable Spin-up) Required
F553 Host Interface: LUN Not ready, Notify (Enable Spinup) required (SAS)
2
04
1B
Host Interface Not Ready - Sanitize In Progress
F50B Host Interface: Not Ready - Sanitize in progress
2
04
F0
Vendor Unique - Logical Unit Not Ready
F133 BATS error: Vendor ID mismatch
2
31
00
Medium Format Corrupted - Reassign Failed
F506 Host Interface: Reassign failed
2
31
01
Format Command Failed
F507 Host Interface: Format failed
Sense Key = Medium Error
3
03
00
Medium Error - Write Fault
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
394
F734 Media: Unrecovered Read Write Abort Error
F738 Media: Unrecovered Post Write Abort
F73A Media: Unrecovered Post PES Check Write Abort Error
F797 Media: SAT Write Abort
F7E1 Media: Unrecovered Write Splice Error
FECF Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Other)
FED1 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Estimator)
FED3 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Predictor)
FED5 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (PES Error)
FED7 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Off Track Write Error
FED9 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort RRO Field Misread Error
FEDB Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort RRO Field Missing Error
FEDD Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Idle Seek Error
FEDF Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Seek Timeout Error
FEE1 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Estimator Error
FEE3 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Predictor Error
FEE5 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort PES Error
FEE7 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Seek Start Error
FEE9 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort PES Reset Error
FEEB Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort SID Unlock Error
FEED Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort WCS Error
FEEF Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Hard Reset Error
FEF1 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Shock Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
395
FEF3 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Unlock Macro Error
FEF5 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Sharp Error
FEF7 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Aggressive Error
FEF9 Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort SVGA Limit Error
FEFB Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Gray Code Error
FEFD Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Burst Error
FEFF Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort No STM Error
3
11
00
Unrecovered Read Error
F67F Channel: Unrecovered Forced Channel Fault Error
F702 Too many notches
F719 Media: Unrecovered Sync Mark Retry Timeout
F71F Media: Unrecovered Read Latency Error
F727 Media: Unrecovered Internal Write Catch Error
F72D Media: Unrecovered Uncorrectable Read Data error
F72F Media: Unrecovered Error on Last Data Read
F730 Media: Recommend targeted scan
F73F Media: NFZ Table Full
F740 Media: Defect SID Table Full Error
F74A Media: Unrecovered Alternate Track Table Full Error
F74D Media: Unrecovered Too Many Heads Error
F74E Media: Unrecovered Skew Table Size Error
F74F Media: Unrecovered Too Many Zones Error
F750 Media: Unrecovered Too Many SIDs Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
396
F751 Media: Unrecovered Alternate Track Table Full Error
F752 Media: Unrecovered Drive Capacity Too Small
F753 Media: Unrecovered G-list Full (Format command)
F754 Media: Unrecovered G-list Full (2) (Format command)
F755 Media: Unrecovered Pointer Repeat Size Error
F756 Media: Unrecovered DST Slot Size Error
F757 Media: Unrecovered P-list Full Error
F758 Media: Unrecovered Invalid NFZ Table Error
F75E Media: Unrecovered Maximum Servo Cylinder Number Too Small Error
F76D Media: Unrecovered MEDC Uncorrectable Error
F783 Media: Unrecovered Force Soft Error
F785 Media: Unrecovered Channel Sector Marginal Error
F7A6 Media: Unrecovered LBA ECC Last Data Read Error
F7A7 Media: Unrecovered Committed Write Hard Error
F7CE Media: Unrecovered Offline Already TAR Error
F7E7 Media: Unrecovered NRZ Sector Marginal Error
3
11
14
Unrecovered LBA Error
F7A8 Media: Unrecovered Committed Write Correction Disabled Error
F7A9 Media: Unrecovered Committed Write Uncorrectable Error
F7CA Media: Unrecovered LBA Correction Disabled Error
F7CC Media: Unrecovered LBA Write Uncorrectable Error
3
15
00
Random Positioning Error
F715 Media: Unrecovered Sector Overflow Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
397
F73E Media: Unrecovered Sector Miss Error
F771 Media: Unrecovered SID Timeout Error
F779 Media: Unrecovered Mini Mode Timeout
F77D Media: Unrecovered Servo Area Timeout
F781 Media: Unrecovered DLC SID Delay Timeout
F7B3 Media: Unrecovered Abort Window Error
F7EF Media: Unrecovered Sector Number Cylinder Error
3
15
03
Unrecovered Sector Error
F7AF Media: Unrecovered Sector Missing Error
F7B0 Media: Unrecovered Sector Overflow
3
16
00
Data Synchronization Mark Error
F65D Channel: Unrecovered Mode Overlap Read Fault Error
F736 Channel: Unrecovered No Sync Detected Error
F73C Media: Unrecovered Data Address Mark Error
F7AB Media: Unrecovered Read Overrun Error
3
19
02
Defect List Error in Primary List
F74B Media: Unrecovered Primary Defect List Error
3
19
03
Defect List Error in Grown List
F74C Media: Unrecovered Grown Defect List Error
3
31
00
Medium Format Corrupted Reassign Failed
F701 Format corrupted
FF01 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded
FF02 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Format Invalid
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
398
FF03 IndSys: Indirection System Not Online
FF04 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Old Version Mismatch
FF05 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Heap Pointer Mismatch
FF06 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Heap size Mismatch
FF07 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Heap Size Mismatch
FF08 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Heap Version Mismatch
FF09 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Incompatible Rid
FF0A IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Corrupt Rid
FF0B IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Num Objects Mismatch
FF0C IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Version Mismatch
FF0D IndMgr: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Version Mismatch
FF0E IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Layout Rid Version Mismatch
FF0F IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - W2C Rid Version Mismatch
FF10 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Layout Manager Restore Failed
FF11 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - W2C Manager Restore Failed
FF13 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - DMM Format Failed
FF14 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - IM Format Failed
FF1A IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Metadata First Primary
FF1B IndSys: Drive Loaded - Metadata First Primary and Secondary
FF1C IndSys: Drive Loaded - IBA Out of Range
FF1D IndSys: Drive Loaded - Context Load Failed
FF1E IndSys: Drive Loaded - Context Sequence ID Mismatch
FF1F IndSys: Drive Loaded - Replay EPO Spec Failed
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
399
3
31
01
Indirection System Failure
FF12 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Layout Failed
FF15 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Pseudo Write Failed
FF16 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Full drop Failed
FF17 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - EPO Format Failed
FF18 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Set IM Valid Failed
FF19 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Bring Online failed
FF20 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - EPD Flash Entry Invalid
FF21 LayoutMgr: All Flash Entries Erased
FF22 IndSys: Drive Loaded - Replay Failed
FF41 LayoutMgr: Format Capacity Not Met
1F42 DlMgr: DLMGR Generic Fail
FF43 IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Metadata ATI
FF44 IndSys: Drive Loaded - Replay Fail
FF50 IndMgr: IM Demand Split Too Deep Failure
FF51 IndMgr: Allocate Failed Delta Group
FF52 IndMgr: Allocate Failed Split Spec
FF53 IndMgr: Allocate Failed Split Delta
FF54 IndMgr: Allocate Failed Unsplit Delta Group
FF55 IndMgr: Generic Insert Exception Failed
FF60 EpoMgr: Flash Read RS Syndrome Gen Timeout
FF61 EpoMgr: Uncorrectable Flash RS ECC Error
FF62 EpoMgr: Correctable EPO Timeout
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
400
FF63 EpoMgr: ARM FPS Engine and Not Spinning
3
31
03
Sanitize Command failed
F50C Host Interface: Sanitize Command failed
3
32
01
LOM Generic Failure - ShowStop
1F40 IndSys: LOM Generic Fail
3
40
00
Unrecovered SAT No Buffer Overflow Error
F720 Media: RC Dump Overflow Error
F721 Media: Format Configuration Invalid
F75F Media: Unrecovered SAT No Buffer Overflow Error
3
40
01
Unrecovered SAT Buffer Overflow Error
F760 Media: Unrecovered SAT Buffer Overflow Error
3
40
02
Unrecovered SAT No Buffer Overflow With ECS Fault
F78E Media: Unrecovered SAT No Buffer Overflow With ECS Fault
3
40
03
Unrecovered SAT Buffer Overflow With ECS Fault
F78F Media: Unrecovered SAT Buffer Overflow With ECS Fault
3
5D
01
Self Test Unrecoverable Error Threshold Exceeded
FA81 Self-Test: Unrecoverable Error Count Threshold Exceeded
3
81
00
Vendor Unique - Internal Logic Error
F75B Media: Unrecovered Too Many Sectors Error
Sense Key = Hardware Error
4
02
00
No Seek Complete
F41C Servo: Unrecovered Current error
F41E Servo: Unrecovered Seek timeout
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
401
F420 Servo: Unrecovered Seek error
F42C Servo: Unrecovered RRO Calibration timeout
F4A1 Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Grab Error
F4A3 Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Seek Error
F4A5 Servo: Unrecovered AVEDAC Error
F4A7 Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Exit Timeout Error
14A9 Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Long Seek Error
14AB Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Servo ID Acquisition Error
4
09
00
Track Following Error
F422 Servo: Unrecovered Track following error
F424 Servo: Unrecovered Track follow timeout
4
31
00
Medium Format Corrupted - Reassign Failed
F204 Reassign reserved area media error
4
32
00
No Defect Spare Location Available
F205 G-list full - can't reassign any more sectors
F206 No spares available
4
3E
03
Self-test Failed
F481 Servo: Unrecovered Self-Test Failed
F75D Media: Unrecovered Self-Test Failed Error
4
3E
04
Unrecovered Self-Test Hard-Cache Test Fail
F762 Media: Unrecovered Self-Test Hard-Cache Test Fail
4
3E
05
Unrecovered Self-Test OTF-Cache Fail
F763 Media: Unrecovered Self-Test OTF-Cache Fail
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
402
4
40
80
Diagnostic Failure
F101 BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid request
F102 BATS error: Reserved Area - Broken
F103 BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid version
F104 BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid checksum
F105 BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid eyecatcher
F106 BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid main header checksum
F107 BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid read length
F108 BATS error: Reserved Area - Address boundary error
1109 BATS error: Reserved Area - Error reading first copy
F10D BATS error: Reserved Area - Write fix hard error
F111 BATS error: RAM code load error
F112 BATS error: RAM code check
F11D BATS error: Incorrect Disk Code
F123 BATS error: Reserved map index too large
F125 BATS error: Invalid RID/FID
F12B BATS error: Reserved area - invalid model
F12D Format Reserved: FAT Size Exceeded Error
F12E Format Reserved: Insufficient DIRS Good Error
F12F Format Reserved: Insufficient FATS Good Error
F131 Flash timeout
F137 Flash ECC error
F139 Format Reserved: Resize RID/FID Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
403
F13B BATS error: SW Target broken
F13C BATS error: NCDE DRAM failure
F140 Format Reserved: Too many Defects Error
F142 ATA Diagnostic Code: No Error
F143 ATA Diagnostic Code: Formatter Error
F144 ATA Diagnostic Code: Sector Buffer Error
F147 ATA Diagnostic Code: Read/Write Test Error
F148 BATS error: Still broken after clear
F149 BATS#2 error: Security: AES Error
F14A BATS#2 error: Security: RSA Error
F14B BATS#2 error: Security: DRGB Error
F14C BATS#2 error: Security: SHA256 Error
F14D BATS#2 error: Security: HMAC Error
F14E BATS#2 error: Security: Hardware AES Error
4
40
81
DRAM Failure
F12A DRAM test error
4
40
90
Diagnostic Failure
F118 BATS#2 error: Seek test error
4
40
91
Diagnostic Failure
F13E BATS#2 error: TCG Test Failed
4
40
A0
Diagnostic Failure
F119 BATS#2 error: Read/write test error
F11B BATS#2 error: CRC test error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
404
F11C BATS#2 error: XOR test error
F136 BATS#2 error: End-To-End Data Protection error
F13F BATS#2 error: Read/Write Test Compare Failed
4
44
00
Internal Target Failure
F203 Sanity: Sanity Check Failure
F208 Mode Page Structure Mismatch
F209 Miscompare of SBA in the P-List
F20A Error Clearing Reset State
F20B DSLT: Invalid number of splits
F20C DSLT: Invalid relaxed format
F20D DSLT: First Fragment too large
F20E DSLT: Invalid end offset
F20F DSLT: Cycle not complete
F220 MFG: Consistency Check failed
F221 MFG: General Align Tables Missing
F230 SEC_MGR: AES Hardware Error
F231 SEC_MGR: BDE Unwrap Error
F240 SEC_MGR: PRNG Seed Error
F241 SEC_MGR: PRNG General Error
F302 Motor: Unrecovered internal error
F304 Motor: Unrecovered Open Loop Commutation failure
F306 Motor: Unrecovered No feedback detected error
F308 Motor: Unrecovered Settle timeout
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
405
F30A Motor: Unrecovered Gross speed error
F30C Motor: Unrecovered 12V OK error
F30E Motor: Unrecovered Speed error
F312 Motor: Unrecovered Internal 12V not OK timeout
F314 Motor: Unrecovered Inductive Sense speed error
F316 Motor: Unrecovered Spin Sense speed error
F31A Motor: Unrecovered Target speed error
F31C Motor: Unrecovered Power driver version error
F31E Motor: Unrecovered Over current error
F322 Motor: Unrecovered Negative regulator fault
F324 Motor: Unrecovered Module overtemp error
F326 Motor: Unrecovered 12V or 5V OK error
F328 Motor: Unrecovered unknown error
F366 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Voltage Offset Calibration Error
F368 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver BEMF Gain Calibration Error
F36A Motor: Unrecovered Predriver BEMF Unload Calibration Error
F370 Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 1 Error
F372 Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 2 Error
F374 Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Saturation Error
F376 Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Adjustment Error
F402 Servo: Unrecovered Requested rezero head does not exist
F404 Servo: Unrecovered Back EMF movement in progress
F406 Servo: Unrecovered Back EMF timeout error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
406
F408 Servo: Unrecovered ADC conversion timeout
F40A Servo: Unrecovered Load/unload calibration error
F40C Servo: Unrecovered Invalid 5 volts
F40E Servo: Unrecovered Invalid 12 volts
F410 Servo: Unrecovered Invalid harmonic requested
F412 Servo: Unrecovered Gain BEMF Calibration error
F414 Servo: Unrecovered VOFF BEMF calibration error
F416 Servo: Unrecovered Invalid temperature
F418 Servo: Unrecovered Truncated rezero
F41A Servo: Unrecovered Heads not loaded
F426 Servo: Unrecovered KT Seek out of range
F428 Servo: Unrecovered DAC Offset calibration error
F42A Servo: Unrecovered Load speed error
F42E Servo: Unrecovered ADC Calibration error
F430 Servo: Unrecovered ADC Offset error
F432 Servo: Unrecovered ADC Limit error
F434 Servo: Unrecovered Balancer Resistance error
F436 Servo: Unrecovered Balancer Resistance Limit error
F438 Servo: Unrecovered First Cylinder error
F43A Servo: Unrecovered Valid Cylinder error
F43C Servo: Unrecovered ADC Saturation error
F43E Servo: Unrecovered Latch Break timeout
F440 Servo: Unrecovered MR Resistance out of range error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
407
F442 Servo: Unrecovered VCM Retract error
F444 Servo: Unrecovered Load Retry error
F446 Servo: Unrecovered DFT Sharp error
F448 Servo: Unrecovered Load/Unload state error
F44A Servo: Unrecovered TFCR out-of-range error
F44C Servo: Unrecovered Measure GMR Timeout
F44E Servo: Unrecovered Coil Resistance Measurement Failure
F460 Servo: Unrecovered WCS Hang Error
F462 Servo: Unrecovered DFT Timeout Error
F464 Servo: Unrecovered SDM Timeout Error
F466 Servo: Unrecovered RRO Write Error
F468 Servo: Unrecovered Velocity Error
F46A Servo: Unrecovered Start SID Incorrect Error
F46C Servo: Unrecovered End Sid Incorrect Error
F46E Servo: Unrecovered Measure GMR SDM Failure
F470 Servo: Unrecovered VCM Free Speed Error
F472 Servo: Unrecovered Emergency Brake Timeout Error
F474 Servo: Unrecovered Excessive Current Error
F476 Servo: Unrecovered Excessive Velocity Error
F477 Servo: Unrecovered Invalid SDM CDB Error
F478 Servo: Unrecovered Invalid SDM Descriptor Error
F479 Servo: Unrecovered Invalid DFT Descriptor Error
F47A Servo: Unrecovered SDM or DFT Allocation Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
408
F47B Servo: Unrecovered SDM OR DFT Transfer Error
F47C Servo: Unrecovered SDM Physical Parameter Error
F47E Servo: Unrecovered RROF SDM Timeout Error
F480 Servo: Unrecovered RROF Over Limit Error
F483 Servo: Unrecovered Measure Asymmetry SDM Failure
F484 Servo: Unrecovered Measure Overwrite SDM Failure
F485 Servo: Unrecovered TFC Utility SDM Failure
F487 Servo: Unrecovered Milli-Calibration Error
F488 Servo: Unrecovered SIDSAT Timeout Error
F489 Servo: Unrecovered SDM Load-And-Drop-Anchor Error
F48A Servo: Unrecovered Filter Table Full Error
F48B Servo: Unrecovered Filter Table Invalid Error
F48D Servo: Unrecovered Measure Qsamp SDM Failure
F48F Servo: Unrecovered Tilt Calibration Error
F491 Servo: Unrecovered Tilt Numerical Error
F492 Servo: Unrecovered Milli Table Load Error
F493 Servo: Unrecovered TFCR DAC Out of Range
F494 Servo: Unrecovered MRR DAC Out of Range
F495 Servo: Unrecovered TFCR Open/Short
F497 Servo: Unrecovered DTID Inhibit Error
F499 Servo: Unrecovered DTID Unlock Error
F49B Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Pulse TFC Entry Error
F49D Servo: Unrecovered Heads Not Loaded FFSULI
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
409
F49F Servo: Unrecovered Load Abort FFSULI
F4AD Servo: Unrecovered OD Crash Stop Detection Error
F4AF Servo:
Unrecovered Unexpected Motion Error
F603 Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal Target Failure
F604 Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal Calibration Error
F605 Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal MR Calibration Error
F607 Channel/AE: Unrecovered data with PPM or precomp load
F60A AE: TFC Short Error
F60C AE: Unrecovered Shorted MR Element Error
F60D Unsupported Read Channel Command Error
F60E Init: RRClk Dead Error
F60F Init: RRClk Unlock Error
F611 AE: Unrecovered ECS Shorted Fault
F613 AE: Unrecovered ECS Open Fault
F615 AE: Unrecovered ECS Fault
F617 Channel: Unrecovered Channel Error
F619 Init: SVCLK Unlock Error
F61B AE: Unrecovered Open MR Element Error
F61D AE: Unrecovered IC Over Temperature Error
F61F AE: Unrecovered IP Clock Count Error
F621 AE: Unrecovered DLC SVCLK Error
F623 AE: Unrecovered Write Data BLS Error
F627 AE: Unrecovered Power Supply Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
410
F629 AE: Unrecovered Open Write Head Error
F62B AE: Unrecovered Write Transition Error
F631 AE: Unrecovered SPE Low In Write Fault
F633 Channel: Unrecovered Write Synth Unlock error
F637 AE: Unrecovered Short Write Head Error
F63D AE: Unrecovered TFC Open Error
F642 AE: Unrecovered Software Readback Error
F643 AE: Unrecovered Readback Error
F645 AE: Unrecovered Latch Fault Error
F649 Channel: Unrecovered Reset Flag Error
F64B Channel: Unrecovered Gate Command Queue Underflow Error
F64D Channel: Unrecovered Sector Size Fault Error
F64F Channel: Unrecovered Last Split Fault Error
F651 Channel: Unrecovered Servo-Servo Overlap Error
F653 Channel: Unrecovered Read Gate Fault Error
F655 Channel: Unrecovered RWBI Out Fault Error
F657 Channel: Unrecovered No Write Clock Error
F659 Channel: Unrecovered No NRZ Clock Error
F65B Channel: Unrecovered Calibration Block Fault Error
F65F Channel: Unrecovered Gate Command Queue OverflowError
F661 Channel: Unrecovered Ending Write Splice Fault Error
F663 Channel: Unrecovered Write Gate Overlap Fault Error
F665 Channel: Unrecovered Write Gate Fault Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
411
F667 Channel: Unrecovered Buffer Overflow Write Error
F669 Channel: Unrecovered Buffer Underflow Write Error
F66B Channel: Unrecovered Write Parity Error
F66D Channel: Unrecovered Buffer Overflow Read Error
F66F Channel: Unrecovered CTG Wedge Slip Fault Read Error
F671 Channel: Unrecovered CTG Packet Late Fault Error
F673 Channel: Unrecovered Baseline Instability Count Late Error
F675 Channel: Unrecovered Preamp Count Fault Error
F677 Channel: Unrecovered Pfault Read Error
F679 Channel: Unrecovered Pfault Write Error
F67B Channel: Unrecovered Last Data Fault Error
F67D Channel: Unrecovered WRPO Fault Error
F681 Channel: Unrecovered PLLFloor Error
F683 Channel: Unrecovered Losslock Error
F685 Channel: Unrecovered VGA Floor Error
F687 Channel: Unrecovered Buffer EVGA Floor Error
F689 Channel: Unrecovered TA Detector Error
F68B Channel: Unrecovered NPLD Error
F68D Channel: Unrecovered ZGR Flag Error
F68F Channel: Recovered DPLL Freq Flag Error
F691 Channel: Unrecovered Massive Drop Out Detection Error
F693 Channel: Unrecovered CTG Parameter Out of Bounds Flag Error
F695 Channel: Unrecovered Flaw Signal Sync Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
412
F697 Channel: Unrecovered ACQ Flag Error
F699 Channel: Unrecovered No Clock Error
F69B Channel: Unrecovered PLL Losslock Error
F69D Channel: Unrecovered ESNR Timeout Error
F69F Channel: Unrecovered ADC Sample Not Ready Error
F6A0 AE: Unrecovered Fuse Load Fail Error
F6A1 AE: Unrecovered Configuration Error
F6A3 Channel: Unrecovered Auto RST NRZ-Clock Error
F6A5 Channel: Unrecovered Write CRC Fault Error
F6A7 Channel: Unrecovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
F6A9 Channel: Unrecovered RLL Parameter Error
F6AB Channel: Unrecovered FIFO Underflow Error
F6AD Channel: Unrecovered FIFO Overflow Error
F6AF Channel: Unrecovered Iterative Decoder Error
F6B1 Channel: Unrecovered Iterative Read Error
F6B3 Channel: Unrecovered Encoder Overflow Error
F6B5 Channel: Unrecovered Encoder Underflow Error
F6B7 Channel: Unrecovered Encoder RAM CRC Error
F6B9 Channel: Unrecovered Interface Fault
F6BB Channel: Unrecovered QMM EVDump Parse Error
F6BD Channel: Unrecovered DiBit Timeout Error
F6BF Channel: Unrecovered MXP Write Fault
F6C1 Channel: Unrecovered Data Jam Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
413
F6C3 Channel: Unrecovered Code-Word Out Of Order Error
F6C5 Channel: Unrecovered Read RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
F6C7 Channel: Unrecovered Write RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
F6C9 Channel: Unrecovered CTG No SAM Detected Fault Error
F6CB Channel: Unrecovered ITI Adjust Preload Fault Track Error
F6CD Channel: Unrecovered WTG SRV Fault Error
F6CF Channel: Unrecovered CTG Engine Not Ready Fault Error
F6D1 Channel: Unrecovered LLI Abort Fault Error
F6D3 Channel: Unrecovered Retry Fault Error
F6D5 Channel: Unrecovered WTG Timeout Fault Error
F6D7 Channel: Unrecovered ITI Fault TS Transfer All Error
F6D9 Channel: Unrecovered ITI Data Fault Error
F6DA Channel: Unrecovered Insufficient TFC Preheat Error
F6DB Channel: Unrecovered AE And FAEP Do Not Match
F6DD Channel: Unrecovered Data Jam Fault Error
F6DF Channel: Unrecovered Code-Word Out of Order Error
F6E1 Channel: Unrecovered RLL Initialization Timeout Error
F6E2 Channel: Unrecovered AEQ Timeout Error
F6E3 Channel: Unrecovered AEQ NLD Initialization Error
F6E4 Channel: Unrecovered ADC Calibration Timeout Error
F6E5 Channel: Unrecovered ADC Buffer Calibration Timeout Error
F6E6 Channel: Unrecovered Power Sequencing Timeout Error
F6E8 Channel: Unrecovered Mode Overlap Write Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
414
F6EA Channel: Unrecovered Ready Fault Error
F6EC Channel: Unrecovered Synchronous Abort Done Error
F6EE Channel: Unrecovered NRZ Clear Fault Error
F6F0 Channel: Unrecovered Collision Fault Error
F6F2 Channel: Unrecovered Read Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
F6F4 Channel: Unrecovered Servo Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
F6F6 Channel: Unrecovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
F6F8 Channel: Unrecovered Fragment Number Fault Error
F6FA Channel: Unrecovered Preamble Quality Monitor Fault Error
F6FB Channel: Unrecovered Stop For RTM Error
F6FC Channel: Unrecovered RTM Configuration Error
F6FD Channel: Unrecovered RTM Failure Error
F6FE Channel: Unrecovered RTM Timeout Error
F713 Media: Unrecovered LBA MEDC Error
F717 Media: Unrecovered Write Overrun Error
F71D Media: Unrecovered DRAM CRC Error
F732 Media: Unrecovered Write Fault
F745 Media: Unrecovered Sudden Stop Error
F75A Media: Unrecovered Unknown Error
F764 Media: Unrecovered Merge G-List Failed - No P-List Exists
F767 Channel: Unrecovered XTS LOAD Timeout Error
F76B Media: Unrecovered No NRZ Clock Error
F76F Media: Uncorrectable Channel Ready Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
415
F787 Media: Unrecovered LLI Underrun Error
F78D Media: Unrecovered FFSULI Timeout
F793 Media: Unrecovered MEDC Write Data Not Ready error
F795 Media: Unrecovered DMA Timeout Error
F799 Media: Unrecovered ID Not Found Error
F79D Media: Unrecovered Channel Read Timeout Error
F7B5 Media: Unrecovered Shock Sensor Error
F7C1 Media: Unrecovered End Sector Check Error
F7C3 Media: Unrecovered Read CRC Error
F7C5 Media: Unrecovered DRAM ECC Error
F7C7 Media: Unrecovered DRAM ECC LBA Error
F7CD Media: Unrecovered LBA Encryption Error
F7D5 Media: Unrecovered Parity PTR FIFO Error
F7D7 Media: Unrecovered Parity LBA FIFO Error
F7D9 Media: Unrecovered Parity Uncorrectable FIFO Error
F7DB Media: Unrecovered Status Uncorrectable FIFO Error
F7DD Media: Unrecovered Parity EDC SRAM Error
F7DF Media: Unrecovered REQ/ACK Handshake Error
F7E3 Media: Unrecovered Read Parity Error
F7E5 Media: Unrecovered EPO Error
F7E9 Media: Unrecovered AE Access Inhibit Error
F7EB Media: Unrecovered PTR FIFO Error
F7ED Media: Unrecovered LBA FIFO Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
416
F7F1 Media: Unrecovered Read Transfer Length Error
F7F3 Media: Unrecovered DS RDC Burst Error
F7F5 Media: Unrecovered SV RDC Burst Error
F7F7 Media: Unrecovered Channel AE WG Error
FCxx Media: Unrecovered Unable to Read RID or FID Number xx
4
44
0B
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
F310 Motor: Unrecovered Spindle Current error
F318 Motor: Unrecovered Spin Sense timeout
F320 Motor: Unrecovered System clock watchdog error
F32A Motor: Unrecovered VCM DAC watchdog error
F32C Motor: Unrecovered Module mid-die overtemp fault
F32E Motor: Unrecovered Module Vcmp hi-side overtemp fault
F330 Motor: Recovered Module Vcmn hi-side overtemp fault
F332 Motor: Unrecovered Invalid standby RPM request
F334 Motor: Unrecovered Invalid spin state request
F336 Motor: Unrecovered Hardware retract timeout
F338 Motor: Unrecovered thermal limit exceeded
F33A Motor: Unrecovered Predriver fault
F33C Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Watchdog Fsys error
F33E Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Watchdog DAC error
F340 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Speed Low error
F342 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver UV Vboost error
F344 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver NREG UV error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
417
F346 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Ext NPOR error
F348 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Reg UV error
F34A Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
F34C Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 Volt Supply error
F34E Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Over Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
F350 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.8 Volt Supply error
F352 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 0.9 Volt Supply error
F354 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.5 Volt Supply error
F356 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Shock Detected error
F358 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Over Temperature error
F35A Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 3.3 Volt Supply error
F35C Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 and 12 Volt Supply error
F35E Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Error in Enabling Power Saving Mode
F360 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Fault in Auto Retract
F362 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Error in Utilizing External Power Supply
F364 Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Regulator Supply Fault
F36C Motor: Unrecovered Predriver VCM Short Error
F36E Motor: Unrecovered Predriver NREG disable error
4
44
F2
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
F134 Head Health Check data compare error
4
44
F6
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
F135 Head Health Check unrecovered media error
F141 BATS#2 error Read/Write Test Compare Failed
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
418
4
44
F9
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
F452 Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Parity Rate Error
F456 Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Decode Rate Error
F45A Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Timeout Rate Error
F45E Servo: Unrecovered SHART Other Rate Error
4
44
FA
Vendor Unique - Internal Target Failure
F450 Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Parity Error
F454 Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Decode Error
F458 Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Timeout Error
F45C Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Other Error
4
81
00
Vendor Unique - Internal Logic Error
F602 Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal Logic Error
4
85
00
Vendor Unique - Internal Key Seed Error
1768 Media: Recovered Key Seed ID Mismatch Error
F769 Media: Unrecovered Key Seed ID Mismatch Error
Sense Key = Illegal Request
5
00
16
Operation in Progress
F81F CMD: Operation in Progress
5
15
00
PHY Test In Progress Error
F50D Host Interface: Phy Test Function in Progress
5
1A
00
Parameter List Length Error
F820 CMD: Unrecovered Parameter List Length Error
5
20
00
Invalid Command Operation Code
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
419
F81E CMD: Reassign Not Allowed
F821 CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Opcode in CDB Error
5
21
00
Logical Block Address out of Range
F822 CMD: Unrecovered LBA Out Of Range Error
5
24
00
Invalid Field in CDB
F823 CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Field In CDB Error
5
25
00
Logical Unit Not Supported
F824 CMD: Unrecovered Invalid LUN Error
5
26
00
Invalid Field in Parameter List
F579 Host Interface: Data Checksum Error
F825 CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Field In Parameter List Error
F826 CMD: Unrecovered Unsupported Log Page Error
F829 CMD: Invalid Tx Setting for Combo Chip Error
5
26
02
Parameter Value Invalid
F120 BATS error: Code Compatibility Failure
F126 BATS error: Code checksum error
F127 BATS error: Invalid header
F130 BATS error: Incorrect Customer Code
F13D BATS error: Invalid Code Signature
F830 CMD: Unrecovered
5
26
04
Sequence Error
Invalid Release of Active Persistent Reservation
F828 CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Release of Persistent Reservation Error
5
2A
03
Reservation Conflict
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
420
F536 Host Interface: Reservation conflict
5
2C
00
Illegal Request Sequence Error
F511 Host Interface: Illegal Request Sequence Error
5
49
00
Invalid Message Error
F512 Host Interface: Invalid Message
5
55
04
Insufficient Registration Resources
F567 Host Interface: Insufficient registration resources
Sense Key = Unit Attention
6
0B
01
SMART Temperature Warning
3A02 SMART: Temperature Warning (Unit Attention)
6
0B
03
SMART Background Self-Test Failure
3A03 SMART: Background Self-Test Failure (Unit Attention)
6
0B
04
SMART Background Pre-Scan Failure
3A04 SMART: Background Pre-Scan Failure (Unit Attention)
6
0B
05
Background Media Scan Failure Warning
6
28
00
Not Ready To Ready Transition (Format completed)
F514 Host Interface: Not ready to ready transition
6
29
01
Unit Attention - POR Occurred
F516 Host Interface: Power on reset
6
29
02
Unit Attention - SCSI Bus Reset Occurred
F517 Host Interface: SAS Hard Reset (SAS)
6
29
03
Unit Attention - Bus Device Reset Occurred
F518 Host Interface: LUN Reset (SAS)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
421
6
29
04
Unit Attention - Self Initiated Reset Occurred
F519 Host Interface: Self initiated reset
6
29
07
I_T Nexus Loss Occurred
F554 Host Interface: I_T_Nexus Loss Occurred (SAS)
6
2A
01
Mode Parameters Changed
F51C Host Interface: Mode parameters changed
6
2A
02
Log Parameters Changed
F51D Host Interface: Log parameters changed
6
2A
03
Reservations Preempted
F51E Host Interface: Reservations pre-empted
6
2A
04
Reservations Released
F51F Host Interface: Reservations released
6
2A
05
Registrations Released
F520 Host Interface: Registrations pre-empted
6
2A
09
Capacity Data Changed
F524 Host Interface: Capacity Data Changed
6
2A
10
Timestamp Changed
F525 Host Interface: Timestamp Changed
6
2F
00
Commands Cleared by Another Initiator
F521 Host Interface: Commands cleared by another initiator
6
2F
01
Commands Cleared by Power Loss Notification
F573 Host Interface: Commands cleared due to power failure event (SAS)
6
3F
01
Microcode has been changed
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
422
F522 Host Interface: Microcode changed
6
3F
05
Device Identifier Changed
F537 Host Interface: Device identifier changed
6
5D
21
Milli-Actuator Error
3A21 SMART: Milli-Actuator Error
6
5D
22
Extreme Over-Temperature Warning
3A22 SMART: Extreme Over-Temperature Warning
6
5D
50
Load/Unload cycle Count Warning
3A50 SMART: Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning
6
5D
5B
Spinup Retry Count Warning
3A5B SMART: Spinup Retry Count Warning
6
5D
62
Read/Write Error Rate Warning
3A32 SMART: Read Error Rate Warning
3A4A SMART: Write Error Rate Warning
6
5D
63
Seek Error Rate Warning
3A43 SMART: Seek Error Rate Warning
6
5D
64
Spare Sector Availability Warning
3A14 SMART: Spare Sector Availability Warning
6
5D
66
Spinup Time Warning
3A56 SMART: Spinup Time Warning
6
5D
FF
Test Warning Threshold Reached
3AFF SMART: Test Warning Threshold Reached
Sense Key = Access Denied
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
423
7
20
02
Access Denied
F509 Host Interface: In Self-Test - Band locked
F827 CMD: Unrecovered Access Denied Error
Sense Key = Aborted Command
B
0E
01
Information Unit Too Short
F561 Host Interface: Information unit too short (SAS)
B
0E
02
Information Unit Too Long
F562 Host Interface: Information Unit Too Long (SAS)
B
10
01
Aborted Command – End-to-End Guard Check
F568 Host Interface: End-to-End Data Protection Guard Check
F7BD Media: Unrecovered Guard Check Error
B
10
02
Aborted Command – End-to-End Application Tag Check
F569 Host Interface: End-to-End Data Protection Application Tag Check
F7BB Media: Unrecovered Application Tag Error
B
10
03
Aborted Command – End-to-End Reference Tag Check
F56A Host Interface: End-to-End Data Protection Reference Tag Check
F7B9 Media: Unrecovered Reference Tag Error
B
3F
0F
Aborted Command - Echo Buffer Overwritten
F544 Host Interface: Echo buffer overwritten
B
44
00
Internal Target Failure
F52D Host Interface: Buffer CRC error on read
F52E Host Interface: Internal target failure
F54A Host Interface: Xfer Ready credit exceeded
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
424
F54B Host Interface: Transfer length error
F56B Host Interface: ECC error in DRAM customer data area
F56C Host Interface: Uncorrectable DRAM ECC error
F570 Host Interface: Host interface Synchronous CRC error
F57A Host Interface: Synchronous CRC Error on Write
F57B Host Interface: Synchronous CRC LBA Error
F62F Channel: Unrecovered Channel NRZ Clear Timeout Error
F741 Media: OCT Timeout Not Dispatched
F742 Media: OCT Timeout In Recovery
F743 Media: OCT Timeout Executing
F75C Media: Unrecovered Internal Media Access Timeout Error
F772 Media: Unrecovered DASH starting timeout
F773 Media: Unrecovered ID table timeout
F774 Media: Unrecovered Servo timeout
F775 Media: Unrecovered Buffers timeout
F776 Media: Unrecovered DASH done timeout
F777 Media: Unrecovered DASH unknown timeout
F77A Media: BUFCNT Timeout Error
F77B Media: Unrecovered Abort EOS fail
F77E Media: Write Error Recovery Timeout
F77F Media: Read Error Recovery Timeout
F7D0 Media: Unrecovered Pre-load Timeout Error
F813 CMD: Insufficient Buffer Space Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
425
F815 CMD: Aborted From Internal TMF Error
B
47
01
Data Phase CRC Error
F54E Host Interface: Data Phase CRC Error
B
4B
00
Data Phase Error
F53E Host Interface: Data Phase Error
B
4B
02
Too Much Write Data
F560 Host Interface: Too Much Write Data (SAS)
B
4B
03
ACK/NAK Timeout
F551 Host Interface: ACK NAK Timeout (SAS)
F57D Host Interface: Break Received (SAS only)
B
4B
04
NAK Received
F550 Host Interface: NAK rcvd (SAS)
B
4B
05
Data Offset Error
F552 Host Interface: Bad parameter offset (SAS)
B
4B
06
Initiator Response Timeout
F555 Host Interface: Initiator Response Timeout (SAS)
B
4E
00
Overlapped Commands Attempted
F534 Host Interface: Overlapped command attempted
B
4F
00
Command Aborted Due To OOB
F53F Host Interface: Abort by OOB (SAS)
Sense Key = Miscompare
E
1D
00
Miscompare During Verify Operation
F535 Host Interface: Miscompare during verify
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
426
22.2.9
FRU: Field Replaceable Unit (Byte 14)
The FRU (Field Replaceable Unit) field value will always be zero.
Note:
The FRU field may be used to store vendor specific information in certain firmware builds.
22.2.10 Sense Key Specific (Byte 15 through 17)
The definition of this field is determined by the value of the sense key field.
22.2.10.1 Sense Key Specific - Illegal Request (Sense Key = 5h)
Error field pointer is returned.
Table 329
Field Pointer Bytes
Bit
Byte
15
16
17
7
6
SKSV
C/D
5
4
Reserved
3
BPV
2
1
0
Bit Pointer
(MSB)
Field Pointer
(LSB)
SKSV
Sense-key specific valid
0
Sense-key specific field is not valid.
1
Sense-key specific field is valid.
C/D
Command/Data
0
Indicates that the illegal parameter was in the data parameters sent by the initiator during
DATA OUT phase
1
Indicates that the illegal parameter was in the command descriptor block.
BPV
Bit Pointer Valid
0
Bit pointer field is not valid.
1
Bit pointer field is significant.
Bit Pointer
Indicates which bit of the byte number reported in Field Pointer is the bit in error. When a multiple
bit field is in error, the pointer points to the most significant bit of the field.
Field Pointer
Indicates which bytes of the command descriptor block or of the parameter data were in error.
Bytes are numbered starting from zero, as shown in the tables describing the commands and
parameters. When a multiple byte field id is in error, the pointer points to the most significant byte
of that field.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
427
22.2.10.2 Sense Key Specific -Recovered (Sense Key = 1h) or
Medium (Sense Key = 3h) or Hardware (Sense Key = 4h)
Hardware (Sense Key = 4h) or Medium Error (Sense Key = 3h)
Actual Retry Count is reported.
Table 330
Actual Retry Count
Bit
Byte
7
15
6
5
4
SKSV
3
2
1
0
Reserved
16
Secondary Step
17
ERP Type
Actual Retry Count
SKSV
Sense-key specific valid
Actual Retry Count
0
Actual Retry Count is not valid.
1
Actual Retry Count is valid.
Secondary Step
Number of retry steps used in attempting to recover from the error condition.
Secondary error recovery step (valid for servo errors only).
ERP Type
Error recovery table branch for this error. Valid values are shown in the table below.
Table 331
Recovery Type
Recovery Type
ERP Type
Read
0x00
Verify
0x01
Write
0x02
Seek
0x03
Read, Sync Byte branch
0x04
Read, Thermal Asperity branch
0x05
Read, Minus Mod branch
0x06
Verify, Sync Byte branch
0x07
Verify, Thermal Asperity branch
0x08
Verify, Minus Mod branch
0x09
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
428
22.2.10.3 Not Ready (Sense key = 2h)
These fields are defined for the Format unit (04h) command with the Immediate bit set to one and the Send
Diagnostic (1Dh) command with Background self-test function.
Progress indication is returned.
Table 332
Progress Indication
Bit
Byte
7
15
16
17
6
5
4
SKSV
3
2
1
0
Reserved
(MSB)
Progress Indication
(LSB)
22.2.11 Reserved (Byte 18 through 19)
SKSV
Progress Indication
Sense-key specific valid
0
Progress Indication is not valid.
1
Progress Indication is valid.
Indicates a percent complete in which the returned value is the numerator that has 10000h
as its denominator.
Reserved fields are filled with zero.
22.2.12 Vendor unique error information (Byte 20 through 23)
This field gives detailed information about the error. It contains a unique code which describes where the error was
detected and which piece of hardware or microcode detected the error depending on current operation.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
429
22.2.13 Physical Error Record (Product Specific Information)
24 through 29)
(Byte
 ILI = 1 - This field contains zeros.
 ILI = 0 - These bytes contain the physical location of the error in cylinder, head, and sector. Bytes 24, 25, and 26
are cylinder high, middle and low bytes respectively, of the cylinder number. Byte 27 is the head number. Bytes
28 and 29 are the high and low bytes, respectively of the sector number.
If the head is undetermined, bytes 24, 25, and 26 are set to 0FFFFFFh. If the head number is undetermined, byte 27
is set to 0FFh. If cylinder, head, and sector have no relevance the error, bytes 24 through 29 will all be set to
0FFFFFFFFFFFFh for Valid = 0 and ILI = 0. This Physical Error Record field is valid for Sense Key 1, 3, and 4 only.
Table 333
Log Only Errors
Valid
ILI
Description
1
0
Cylinder Number (bytes 24-26)
Head number (byte 27)
Sector Number (bytes 28-29)
1
1
0x000000000000
0
x
0x000000000000 - (not used/invalid)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
430
22.3
Descriptor Format Sense Data
The descriptor format sense data for response codes 72h (current errors) and 73h (deferred errors) is defined below.
Table 334
Descriptor Format Sense Data
Bit
Byte
7
0
6
5
4
Reserved= 0
1
3
2
1
0
Response Code (72h or 73h)
Reserved
Sense Key
2
Additional Sense Code
3
Additional Sense Code Qualifier
4-6
Reserved
7
Additional Sense Length (n-7)
8-m
Sense Data Descriptor
m...x
.
x -n
.
#1
. . . . . . . . . . .
Sense Data Descriptor
#K
The Sense Key definitions is the same as fixed format sense data.
Response Code:
72h
Current Error. See section 22.1.4 "Sense Data Response Code" for more details.
73h
Deferred Error. See section 22.1.4 "Sense Data Response Code" for more details.
The Additional Sense Code/Qualifier definitions is the same as fixed format sense data.
The Value of the Additional Sense Length indicates the remaining number of bytes in the sense data
Sense data descriptors (Byte 8 through n) provide specific sense information. The general format of a sense data
descriptor is shown below:
Table 335
Sense Data Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Descriptor Type
1
Additional Length (n-1)
2-n
Sense Data Descriptor Specific
1
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
431
0
The Descriptor Type identifies the type of a sense data descriptor. (Supported types are listed below)
Table 336
Type Code
Supported Descriptor Types
Description
00h
Information Sense Data Descriptor
01h
Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor
02h
Sense Key Specific Sense Data Descriptor
03h
Field Replaceable Unit Sense Descriptor
05h
Block Command Sense Data Descriptor
80h
Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor
81h
Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor
The ADDITIONAL LENGTH field indicates the number of sense data descriptor specific bytes that follow in the sense
data descriptor.
22.3.1
Order of Sense Descriptors
The drive may return up to 7 sense data descriptors in byte 8 through byte 59 of the sense data, up to the number of
sense data bytes allowed (see Table 337). The sense descriptors returned will always be in the order shown in the
table below, regardless of whether a descriptor contains valid information or not.
Table 337
Sense Data Descriptor List
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0-7
Common Headers
8-19
Information Sense Data Descriptor
20-31
Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor
32-39
Sense Key Specific Sense Data Descriptor
40-43
Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) Sense Data Descriptor
44-47
Block Command Sense Data Descriptor
48-51
Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor
51-59
Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
432
0
22.3.2
Sense Data Descriptor Definitions
22.3.2.1
Information Sense Data Descriptor (Byte 8 - 19)
The Information Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 8 through 19 of the descriptor format sense data. Format of
the Information Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table 338
Table 338
Information Sense Data Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Descriptor Type (00h)
1
Additional Length (0Ah)
2
VALID
2
1
0
Reserved
3
Reserved
4-11
Information
ILI = 0 (or if the descriptor is not present): The Information field contains the unsigned LBA associated with
the sense key. The LBA reported will be within the LBA range of the command as defined in the CDB.
Descriptor Type
Set to 00h for Information Sense Data Descriptor.
Additional Length
Set to 0Ah for Information Sense Data Descriptor.
VALID
This bit is set to 1 when content of the Information field is valid, and set to 0 if the
Information field is invalid.
Information
Note:
This field contains an LBA or other information depending on the value of the ILI bit in the
Block Command Sense Descriptor (See section 22.3.2.5 "Block Command Sense
Descriptor").
An LBA other than the command LBA may be reported on the Reassign Block (07h) command.
- ILI = 1: The Information field contains the difference (residue) of the requested length in bytes. Negative values
are indicated by two's complement notation
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
433
22.3.2.2
Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor (Byte 20 - 31)
The Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 20 through 31 of the descriptor format sense data.
Format of the format of Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table 339.
Table 339
Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Descriptor Type (01h)
1
Additional Length (0Ah)
2
Reserved
3
Reserved
4-11
Command-Specific Information
2
1
0
Descriptor Type
Set to 01h for Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor.
Additional Length
Set to 0Ah for Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor.
Command-specific Information
The value of this field is set the same ways as Command Specific Information
field in fixed format sense data (See section 22.2.7 "Command Specific
Information (Byte 8 through 11)")
22.3.2.3
Sense Key Specific Sense Data Descriptor (Byte 32 - 39)
The Sense-key Specific Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 32 through 39 of the descriptor format sense data.
Format of Sense-key Specific Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table 340.
Table 340
Information Sense Data Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Descriptor Type (02h)
1
Additional Length (06h)
2
Reserved
3
Reserved
4
SKSV
2
1
0
Sense Key Specific Bits
5-6
Sense Key Specific Bytes
7
Reserved
Fields in byte 4 through 5 (including the SKSV bit, Sense-Key Specific Bits, and Sense-Key Specific Bytes):
Descriptor Type
Set to 02h for Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor.
Additional Length
Set to 06h for Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor.
These fields are set the same ways as byte 15 - 17 in fixed format sense data (See section 22.2.10 "Sense Key
Specific (Byte 15 through 17)" for details).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
434
22.3.2.4
Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) Sense Data Descriptor (Byte
40 - 43)
The Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 40 through 43 of descriptor format sense
data. Format of Field Replaceable Unit (FRU) Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table 341.
Table 341
Field Replaceable Unit Sense Data Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Descriptor Type (03h)
1
Additional Length (02h)
2
Reserved
3
Field Replaceable Unit Code
1
0
Descriptor Type
Set to 03h for Command-specific Sense Data Descriptor.
Additional Length
Set to 02h for Field Replaceable Unit Sense Data Descriptor.
Command-specific Information
This field is set the same way as the Field Replaceable Unit Code of fixed
format sense data. (See section 22.2.9 "FRU: Field Replaceable Unit (Byte
14)" for details).
22.3.2.5
Block Command Sense Descriptor (Byte 44 - 47)
The Block Command Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 44 through 47 of descriptor format sense data. Format
of the Block Command Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table 342.
Table 342
Block Command Sense Data Descriptor Format
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
2
0
Descriptor Type (05h)
1
Additional Length (02h)
2
Reserved
3
Reserved=0
ILI
1
0
Reserved=0
Descriptor Type
Set to 05h for Block Command Sense Data Descriptor.
Additional Length
Set to 02h for Block Command Sense Data Descriptor.
ILI:
Value of the ILI bit is set to indicate what type of value is stored in the Information field of the
Information Sense Data Descriptor (see section 22.3.2.1 "Information Sense Data Descriptor
(Byte 8 - 19)" for details):
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
435
22.3.2.6
Vendor Unique Unit Error Sense Data Descriptor
48 – 51)
(Byte
The Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 48 through 51 of descriptor format
sense data. Format of the Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table 343.
Table 343
Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Descriptor Type (80h)
1
Additional Length (02h)
2-3
Unit Error Code (UEC)
2
1
0
Descriptor Type
Set to 80h for Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor.
Additional Length
Set to 02h for Vendor Unique Unit Error Code Sense Data Descriptor.
Unit Error Code:
This field contains the same value as the Vendor Unique Error Information field in fixed
format sense data which gives detailed information about the error (See section 22.2.12
"Vendor unique error information (Byte 20 through 23)"). It contains a unique code which
describes where the error was detected and which piece of hardware or microcode detected
the error depending on current operation
22.3.2.7
Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data
Descriptor (Byte 52-59)
The Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor is stored in bytes 52 through 59 of descriptor
format sense data.. Format of the Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor is shown in Table
343 .
Table 344
Vendor Unique Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor
Bit
Byte
7
6
5
4
3
0
Descriptor Type (81h)
1
Additional Length (06h)
2-7
Physical Error Record
2
1
0
Descriptor Type
Additional Length
Set to 81h for Vendor Unique Unit Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor.
Set to 06h for Vendor Unique Unit Physical Error Record Sense Data Descriptor.
Unit Error Code:
This field is set the same way as the Physical Error Record in fixed format sense data. (See
section 22.2.13 "Physical Error Record (Product Specific Information)
for details).
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
436
(Byte 24 through 29)"
23
Appendix.
UEC list
Following is the list of Unit Error Codes and associated descriptions. The Unit Error Codes are returned by the target
in sense data bytes 20-21.
The list of Unit Error Codes and descriptions does not have a direct correlation to the error descriptions and Sense
Key/Code/Qualifier descriptions in Section 20 "Additional information". These codes are used internally by HGST
and may change without notice.
How to find a specific UEC
The second hex digit indicates the grouping, e.g. interface, media, servo, etc. types of errors. The table is sorted
without regard to the first hex digit; instead, sorting is by the least significant three hex digits.
Table 345
Unit Error Codes
UEC
Description
0000
No Error
F101
BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid request
F102
BATS error: Reserved Area - Broken
F103
BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid version
F104
BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid checksum
F105
BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid eyecatcher
F106
BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid main header checksum
F107
BATS error: Reserved Area - Invalid read length
F108
BATS error: Reserved Area - Address boundary error
1109
BATS error: Reserved Area - Error reading first copy
F10D
BATS error: Reserved Area - Write fix hard error
F111
BATS error: RAM code load error
F112
BATS error: RAM code check
F118
BATS#2 error: Seek test error
F119
BATS#2 error: Read/write test error
F11B
BATS#2 error: CRC test error
F11C
BATS#2 error: XOR test error
F11D
BATS error: Incorrect Disk Code
F120
BATS error: Code Compatibility Failure
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
437
F123
BATS error: Reserved map index too large
F124
Bring-up error
F125
BATS error: Invalid RID/FID
F126
BATS error: Code checksum error
F127
BATS error: Invalid header
F12A
DRAM test error
F12B
BATS error: Reserved area - invalid model
F12D
Format Reserved: FAT Size Exceeded Error
F12E
Format Reserved: Insufficient DIRS Good Error
F12F
Format Reserved: Insufficient FATS Good Error
F130
BATS error: Incorrect Customer Code
F131
Flash timeout
F132
GEM FH track read error
F133
BATS error: Vendor ID mismatch
F134
Head Health Check data compare error
F135
Head Health Check unrecovered media error
F136
BATS#2 error: End-To-End Data Protection error
F137
Flash ECC error
F139
Format Reserved: Resize RID/FID Error
F13B
BATS error: SW Target broken
F13C
BATS error: NCDE DRAM failure
F13D
BATS error: Invalid Code Signature
F13E
BATS#2 error: TCG Test Failed
F13F
BATS#2 error: Read/Write Test Compare Failed
F140
Format Reserved: Too many Defects Error
F141
BATS#2 error Read/Write Test Compare Failed
F142
ATA Diagnostic Code: No Error
F143
ATA Diagnostic Code: Formatter Error
F144
ATA Diagnostic Code: Sector Buffer Error
F147
ATA Diagnostic Code: Read/Write Test Error
F148
BATS error: Still broken after clear
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
438
F149
BATS#2 error: Security: AES Error
F14A
BATS#2 error: Security: RSA Error
F14B
BATS#2 error: Security: DRGB Error
F14C
BATS#2 error: Security: SHA256 Error
F14D
BATS#2 error: Security: HMAC Error
F14E
BATS#2 error: Security: Hardware AES Error
1201
Sanity: Error In UEC Class
1202
Sanity: Error In UEC Cause
F203
Sanity: Sanity Check Failure
F204
Reassign reserved area media error
F205
G-list full - can't reassign any more sectors
F206
No spares available
F208
Mode Page Structure Mismatch
F209
Miscompare of SBA in the P-List
F20A
Error Clearing Reset State
F20B
DSLT: Invalid number of splits
F20C
DSLT: Invalid relaxed format
F20D
DSLT: First Fragment too large
F20E
DSLT: Invalid end offset
F20F
DSLT: Cycle not complete
F220
MFG: Consistency Check failed
F221
MFG: General Align Tables Missing
F230
SEC_MGR: AES Hardware Error
F231
SEC_MGR: BDE Unwrap Error
F240
SEC_MGR: PRNG Seed Error
F241
SEC_MGR: PRNG General Error
1301
Motor: Recovered internal error
F302
Motor: Unrecovered internal error
1303
Motor: Recovered Open Loop Commutation failure
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
439
F304
Motor: Unrecovered Open Loop Commutation failure
1305
Motor: Recovered No feedback detected error
F306
Motor: Unrecovered No feedback detected error
1307
Motor: Recovered Settle timeout
F308
Motor: Unrecovered Settle timeout
1309
Motor: Recovered Gross speed error
F30A
Motor: Unrecovered Gross speed error
130B
Motor: Recovered 12V OK error
F30C
Motor: Unrecovered 12V OK error
130D
Motor: Recovered Speed error
F30E
Motor: Unrecovered Speed error
130F
Motor: Recovered Spindle Current error
F310
Motor: Unrecovered Spindle Current error
1311
Motor: Recovered Internal 12V not OK timeout
F312
Motor: Unrecovered Internal 12V not OK timeout
1313
Motor: Recovered Inductive Sense measurement timeout
F314
Motor: Unrecovered Inductive Sense speed error
1315
Motor: Recovered Spin Sense speed error
F316
Motor: Unrecovered Spin Sense speed error
1317
Motor: Recovered Spin Sense timeout
F318
Motor: Unrecovered Spin Sense timeout
1319
Motor: Recovered Target speed error
F31A
Motor: Unrecovered Target speed error
F31C
Motor: Unrecovered Power driver version error
131D
Motor: Recovered Over current error
F31E
Motor: Unrecovered Over current error
131F
Motor: Recovered System clock watchdog error
F320
Motor: Unrecovered System clock watchdog error
1321
Motor: Recovered Negative regulator fault
F322
Motor: Unrecovered Negative regulator fault
1323
Motor: Recovered Module overtemp error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
440
F324
Motor: Unrecovered Module overtemp error
1325
Motor: Recovered 12V or 5V OK error
F326
Motor: Unrecovered 12V or 5V OK error
1327
Motor: Recovered unknown error
F328
Motor: Unrecovered unknown error
1329
Motor: Recovered VCM DAC watchdog error
F32A
Motor: Unrecovered VCM DAC watchdog error
132B
Motor: Recovered Module mid-die overtemp fault
F32C
Motor: Unrecovered Module mid-die overtemp fault
132D
Motor: Recovered Module Vcmp hi-side overtemp fault
F32E
Motor: Unrecovered Module Vcmp hi-side overtemp fault
132F
Motor: Recovered Module Vcmn hi-side overtemp fault
F330
Motor: Recovered Module Vcmn hi-side overtemp fault
1331
Motor: Recovered Invalid standby RPM request
F332
Motor: Unrecovered Invalid standby RPM request
1333
Motor: Recovered Invalid spin state request
F334
Motor: Unrecovered Invalid spin state request
1335
Motor: Recovered Hardware retract timeout
F336
Motor: Unrecovered Hardware retract timeout
1337
Motor: Recovered thermal limit exceeded
F338
Motor: Unrecovered thermal limit exceeded
1339
Motor: Recovered Predriver fault
F33A
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver fault
133B
Motor: Recovered Predriver Watchdog Fsys error
F33C
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Watchdog Fsys error
133D
Motor: Recovered Predriver Watchdog DAC error
F33E
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Watchdog DAC error
133F
Motor: Recovered Predriver Speed Low error
F340
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Speed Low error
1341
Motor: Recovered Predriver UV Vboost error
F342
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver UV Vboost error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
441
1343
Motor: Recovered Predriver NREG UV error
F344
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver NREG UV error
1345
Motor: Recovered Predriver Ext NPOR error
F346
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Ext NPOR error
1347
Motor: Recovered Predriver Reg UV error
F348
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Reg UV error
1349
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
F34A
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
134B
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 Volt Supply error
F34C
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 Volt Supply error
134D
Motor: Recovered Predriver Over Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
F34E
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Over Voltage 12 Volt Supply error
134F
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.8 Volt Supply error
F350
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.8 Volt Supply error
1351
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 0.9 Volt Supply error
F352
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 0.9 Volt Supply error
1353
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.5 Volt Supply error
F354
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 1.5 Volt Supply error
1355
Motor: Recovered Predriver Shock Detected error
F356
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Shock Detected error
1357
Motor: Recovered Predriver Over Temperature error
F358
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Over Temperature error
1359
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 3.3 Volt Supply error
F35A
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 3.3 Volt Supply error
135B
Motor: Recovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 and 12 Volt Supply error
F35C
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Under Voltage 5 and 12 Volt Supply
error
135D
Motor: Recovered Predriver Error in Enabling Power Saving Mode
F35E
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Error in Enabling Power Saving Mode
135F
Motor: Recovered Predriver Fault in Auto Retract
F360
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Fault in Auto Retract
1361
Motor: Recovered Predriver Error in Utilizing External Power Supply
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
442
F362
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Error in Utilizing External Power Supply
1363
Motor: Recovered Predriver Regulator Supply Fault
F364
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Regulator Supply Fault
1365
Motor: Recovered Predriver Voltage Offset Calibration Error
F366
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver Voltage Offset Calibration Error
1367
Motor: Recovered Predriver BEMF Gain Calibration Error
F368
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver BEMF Gain Calibration Error
1369
Motor: Recovered Predriver BEMF Unload Calibration Error
F36A
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver BEMF Unload Calibration Error
136B
Motor: Recovered Predriver VCM Short Error
F36C
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver VCM Short Error
136D
Motor: Recovered Predriver NREG disable error
F36E
Motor: Unrecovered Predriver NREG disable error
136F
Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 1 Error
F370
Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 1 Error
1371
Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 2 Error
F372
Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Measurement 2 Error
1373
Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Saturation Error
F374
Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Saturation Error
1375
Motor: Recovered IDCS Calibration Adjustment Error
F376
Motor: Unrecovered IDCS Calibration Adjustment Error
1401
Servo: Recovered Requested rezero head does not exist
F402
Servo: Unrecovered Requested rezero head does not exist
1403
Servo: Recovered Back EMF movement in progress
F404
Servo: Unrecovered Back EMF movement in progress
1405
Servo: Recovered Back EMF timeout error
F406
Servo: Unrecovered Back EMF timeout error
1407
Servo: Recovered ADC conversion timeout
F408
Servo: Unrecovered ADC conversion timeout
1409
Servo: Recovered Load/unload calibration error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
443
F40A
Servo: Unrecovered Load/unload calibration error
140B
Servo: Recovered Invalid 5 volts
F40C
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid 5 volts
140D
Servo: Recovered Invalid 12 volts
F40E
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid 12 volts
140F
Servo: Recovered Invalid harmonic requested
F410
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid harmonic requested
1411
Servo: Recovered Gain BEMF Calibration error
F412
Servo: Unrecovered Gain BEMF Calibration error
1413
Servo: Recovered VOFF BEMF calibration error
F414
Servo: Unrecovered VOFF BEMF calibration error
1415
Servo: Recovered Invalid temperature
F416
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid temperature
1417
Servo: Recovered Truncated rezero
F418
Servo: Unrecovered Truncated rezero
1419
Servo: Recovered Heads not loaded
F41A
Servo: Unrecovered Heads not loaded
141B
Servo: Recovered Current error
F41C
Servo: Unrecovered Current error
141D
Servo: Recovered Seek timeout
F41E
Servo: Unrecovered Seek timeout
141F
Servo: Recovered Seek error
F420
Servo: Unrecovered Seek error
1421
Servo: Recovered Track following error
F422
Servo: Unrecovered Track following error
1423
Servo: Recovered Track follow timeout
F424
Servo: Unrecovered Track follow timeout
1425
Servo: Recovered KT Seek out of range
F426
Servo: Unrecovered KT Seek out of range
1427
Servo: Recovered DAC Offset calibration error
F428
Servo: Unrecovered DAC Offset calibration error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
444
1429
Servo: Recovered Load speed error
F42A
Servo: Unrecovered Load speed error
142B
Servo: Recovered RRO Calibration timeout
F42C
Servo: Unrecovered RRO Calibration timeout
142D
Servo: Recovered ADC Calibration error
F42E
Servo: Unrecovered ADC Calibration error
142F
Servo: Recovered ADC Offset error
F430
Servo: Unrecovered ADC Offset error
1431
Servo: Recovered ADC Limit error
F432
Servo: Unrecovered ADC Limit error
1433
Servo: Recovered Balancer Resistance error
F434
Servo: Unrecovered Balancer Resistance error
1435
Servo: Recovered Balancer Resistance Limit error
F436
Servo: Unrecovered Balancer Resistance Limit error
1437
Servo: Recovered First Cylinder error
F438
Servo: Unrecovered First Cylinder error
1439
Servo: Recovered Valid Cylinder error
F43A
Servo: Unrecovered Valid Cylinder error
143B
Servo: Recovered ADC Saturation error
F43C
Servo: Unrecovered ADC Saturation error
143D
Servo: Recovered Latch Break timeout
F43E
Servo: Unrecovered Latch Break timeout
143F
Servo: Recovered MR Resistance out of range error
F440
Servo: Unrecovered MR Resistance out of range error
1441
Servo: Recovered VCM Retract error
F442
Servo: Unrecovered VCM Retract error
1443
Servo: Recovered Load Retry error
F444
Servo: Unrecovered Load Retry error
1445
Servo: Recovered DFT Sharp error
F446
Servo: Unrecovered DFT Sharp error
1447
Servo: Recovered Load/Unload state error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
445
F448
Servo: Unrecovered Load/Unload state error
1449
Servo: Recovered TFCR out-of-range error
F44A
Servo: Unrecovered TFCR out-of-range error
144B
Servo: Recovered Measure GMR Timeout
F44C
Servo: Unrecovered Measure GMR Timeout
144D
Servo: Recovered Coil Resistance Measurement Failure
F44E
Servo: Unrecovered Coil Resistance Measurement Failure
144F
Servo: Recovered SHARP Parity Error
F450
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Parity Error
1451
Servo: Recovered SHARP Parity Rate Error
F452
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Parity Rate Error
1453
Servo: Recovered SHARP Decode Error
F454
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Decode Error
1455
Servo: Recovered SHARP Decode Rate Error
F456
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Decode Rate Error
1457
Servo: Recovered SHARP Timeout Error
F458
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Timeout Error
1459
Servo: Recovered SHARP Timeout Rate Error
F45A
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Timeout Rate Error
145B
Servo: Recovered SHARP Other Error
F45C
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Other Error
145D
Servo: Recovered SHARP Other Rate Error
F45E
Servo: Unrecovered SHART Other Rate Error
145F
Servo: Recovered WCS Hang Error
F460
Servo: Unrecovered WCS Hang Error
1461
Servo: Recovered DFT Timeout Error
F462
Servo: Unrecovered DFT Timeout Error
1463
Servo: Recovered SDM Timeout Error
F464
Servo: Unrecovered SDM Timeout Error
1465
Servo: Recovered RRO Write Error
F466
Servo: Unrecovered RRO Write Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
446
1467
Servo: Recovered Velocity Error
F468
Servo: Unrecovered Velocity Error
1469
Servo: Recovered Start SID Incorrect Error
F46A
Servo: Unrecovered Start SID Incorrect Error
146B
Servo: Recovered End Sid Incorrect Error
F46C
Servo: Unrecovered End Sid Incorrect Error
146D
Servo: Recovered Measure GMR SDM Failure
F46E
Servo: Unrecovered Measure GMR SDM Failure
146F
Servo: Recovered VCM Free Speed Error
F470
Servo: Unrecovered VCM Free Speed Error
1471
Servo: Recovered Emergency Brake Timeout Error
F472
Servo: Unrecovered Emergency Brake Timeout Error
1473
Servo: Recovered Excessive Current Error
F474
Servo: Unrecovered Excessive Current Error
1475
Servo: Recovered Excessive Velocity Error
F476
Servo: Unrecovered Excessive Velocity Error
F477
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid SDM CDB Error
F478
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid SDM Descriptor Error
F479
Servo: Unrecovered Invalid DFT Descriptor Error
F47A
Servo: Unrecovered SDM or DFT Allocation Error
F47B
Servo: Unrecovered SDM OR DFT Transfer Error
F47C
Servo: Unrecovered SDM Physical Parameter Error
147D
Servo: Recovered RROF SDM Timeout Error
F47E
Servo: Unrecovered RROF SDM Timeout Error
147F
Servo: Recovered RROF Over Limit Error
F480
Servo: Unrecovered RROF Over Limit Error
F481
Servo: Unrecovered Self-Test Failed
1482
Servo: Recovered Measure Asymmetry SDM Failure
F483
Servo: Unrecovered Measure Asymmetry SDM Failure
F484
Servo: Unrecovered Measure Overwrite SDM Failure
F485
Servo: Unrecovered TFC Utility SDM Failure
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
447
1486
Servo: Recovered Milli-Calibration Error
F487
Servo: Unrecovered Milli-Calibration Error
F488
Servo: Unrecovered SIDSAT Timeout Error
F489
Servo: Unrecovered SDM Load-And-Drop-Anchor Error
F48A
Servo: Unrecovered Filter Table Full Error
F48B
Servo: Unrecovered Filter Table Invalid Error
148C
Servo: Recovered Measure Qsamp SDM Failure
F48D
Servo: Unrecovered Measure Qsamp SDM Failure
148E
Servo: Recovered Tilt Calibration Error
F48F
Servo: Unrecovered Tilt Calibration Error
1490
Servo: Recovered Tilt Numerical Error
F491
Servo: Unrecovered Tilt Numerical Error
F492
Servo: Unrecovered Milli Table Load Error
F493
Servo: Unrecovered TFCR DAC Out of Range
F494
Servo: Unrecovered MRR DAC Out of Range
F495
Servo: Unrecovered TFCR Open/Short
1496
Servo: Recovered DTID Inhibit Error
F497
Servo: Unrecovered DTID Inhibit Error
1498
Servo: Recovered DTID Unlock Error
F499
Servo: Unrecovered DTID Unlock Error
149A
Servo: Recovered SHARP Pulse TFC Entry Error
F49B
Servo: Unrecovered SHARP Pulse TFC Entry Error
149C
Servo: Recovered Heads Not Loaded FFSULI
F49D
Servo: Unrecovered Heads Not Loaded FFSULI
149E
Servo: Recovered Load Abort FFSULI
F49F
Servo: Unrecovered Load Abort FFSULI
14A0
Servo: Recovered IDLE A Grab Error
F4A1
Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Grab Error
14A2
Servo: Recovered IDLE A Seek Error
F4A3
Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Seek Error
14A4
Servo: Recovered AVEDAC Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
448
F4A5
Servo: Unrecovered AVEDAC Error
14A6
Servo: Recovered IDLE A Exit Timeout Error
F4A7
Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Exit Timeout Error
14A8
Servo: Recovered IDLE A Long Seek Error
14A9
Servo: Unrecovered IDLE A Long Seek Error
14AA
Servo: Soft IDLE A SID Acquisition Error
F4AB
Servo: Hard IDLE A SID Acquisition Error
14AC
Servo: Soft OD Crash Stop Detection Error
F4AD
Servo: Hard OD Crash Stop Detection Error
14AE
Servo: Soft Unexpected Motion Error
F4AF
Servo: Hard Unexpected Motion Error
F501
Host Interface: Logical unit not ready
F502
Host Interface: Logical unit becoming ready
F503
Host Interface: Logical unit not ready - initializing command required
F504
Host Interface: Not ready - format in progress
F505
Host Interface: Not ready - self-test in progress
F506
Host Interface: Reassign failed
F507
Host Interface: Format failed
F508
Host Interface: Not Ready - Session opened
F509
Host Interface: In Self-Test - Band locked
F50B
Host Interface: Not Ready - Sanitize in progress
F50C
Host Interface: Sanitize Command failed
F50D
Host Interface: Phy Test Function in Progress
F511
Host Interface: Illegal Request Sequence Error
F512
Host Interface: Invalid Message
F514
Host Interface: Not ready to ready transition
F516
Host Interface: Power on reset
F517
Host Interface: SAS Hard Reset (SAS)
F518
Host Interface: LUN Reset (SAS)
F519
Host Interface: Self initiated reset
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
449
F51C
Host Interface: Mode parameters changed
F51D
Host Interface: Log parameters changed
F51E
Host Interface: Reservations pre-empted
F51F
Host Interface: Reservations released
F520
Host Interface: Registrations pre-empted
F521
Host Interface: Commands cleared by another initiator
F522
Host Interface: Microcode changed
F524
Host Interface: Capacity Data Changed
F525
Host Interface: Timestamp Changed
F52D
Host Interface: Buffer CRC error on read
F52E
Host Interface: Internal target failure
F534
Host Interface: Overlapped command attempted
F535
Host Interface: Miscompare during verify
F536
Host Interface: Reservation conflict
F537
Host Interface: Device identifier changed
F53E
Host Interface: Data phase error
F53F
Host Interface: Abort by OOB (SAS)
F544
Host Interface: Echo buffer overwritten
F54A
Host Interface: Xfer Ready credit exceeded
F54B
Host Interface: Transfer length error
F54E
Host Interface: Data Phase CRC Error
F550
Host Interface: NAK rcvd (SAS)
F551
Host Interface: ACK NAK Timeout (SAS)
F552
Host Interface: Bad parameter offset (SAS)
F553
Host Interface: LUN Not ready, Notify (Enable Spinup) required (SAS)
F554
Host Interface: I_T_Nexus Loss Occurred (SAS)
F555
Host Interface: Initiator Response Timeout (SAS)
F560
Host Interface: Too much write data (SAS)
F561
Host Interface: Information unit too short (SAS)
F562
Host Interface: Information unit too long (SAS)
F567
Host Interface: Insufficient registration resources
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
450
F568
Host Interface: End-to-End Data Protection Guard check
F569
Host Interface: End-to-End Data Protection Application Tag check
F56A
Host Interface: End-to-End Data Protection Reference Tag check
F56B
Host Interface: ECC error in DRAM customer data area
F56C
Host Interface: Uncorrectable DRAM ECC error
F570
Host Interface: Host interface Synchronous CRC error
F572
Host Interface: LUN not ready; manual intervention required
F573
Host Interface: Commands cleared due to power failure event (SAS)
F579
Host Interface: Data Checksum Error
F57A
Host Interface: Synchronous CRC Error on Write
F57B
Host Interface: Synchronous CRC LBA Error
F57D
Host Interface: Break Received (SAS only)
F602
Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal Logic Error
F603
Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal Target Failure
F604
Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal Calibration Error
F605
Channel/AE: Unrecovered Internal MR Calibration Error
1606
AE: Recovered AE Last Data Read Error
F607
Channel/AE: Unrecovered data with PPM or precomp load
1609
AE: Recovered TFC Short Error
F60A
AE: TFC Short Error
160B
AE: Recovered Shorted MR Element Error
F60C
AE: Unrecovered Shorted MR Element Error
F60D
Unsupported Read Channel Command Error
F60E
Init: RRClk Dead Error
F60F
Init: RRClk Unlock Error
1610
AE: Recovered ECS Shorted Fault
F611
AE: Unrecovered ECS Shorted Fault
1612
AE: Recovered ECS Open Fault
F613
AE: Unrecovered ECS Open Fault
1614
AE: Recovered ECS Fault
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
451
F615
AE: Unrecovered ECS Fault
1616
Channel: Recovered Channel Error
F617
Channel: Unrecovered Channel Error
F619
Init: SVCLK Unlock Error
161A
AE: Recovered Open MR Element Error
F61B
AE: Unrecovered Open MR Element Error
161C
AE: Recovered IC Over Temperature Error
F61D
AE: Unrecovered IC Over Temperature Error
161E
AE: Recovered IP Clock Count Error
F61F
AE: Unrecovered IP Clock Count Error
1620
AE: Recovered DLC SVCLK Error
F621
AE: Unrecovered DLC SVCLK Error
1622
AE: Recovered Write Data BLS Error
F623
AE: Unrecovered Write Data BLS Error
1626
AE: Recovered Power Supply Error
F627
AE: Unrecovered Power Supply Error
1628
AE: Recovered Open Write Head Error
F629
AE: Unrecovered Open Write Head Error
162A
AE: Recovered Write Transition Error
F62B
AE: Unrecovered Write Transition Error
162E
Channel: Recovered Channel NRZ Clear Timeout Error
F62F
Channel: Unrecovered Channel NRZ Clear Timeout Error
1630
AE: Recovered SPE Low In Write Fault
F631
AE: Unrecovered SPE Low In Write Fault
F633
Channel: Unrecovered Write Synth Unlock error
1636
AE: Recovered Short Write Head Error
F637
AE: Unrecovered Short Write Head Error
163C
AE: Recovered TFC Open Error
F63D
AE: Unrecovered TFC Open Error
F642
AE: Unrecovered Software Readback Error
F643
AE: Unrecovered Readback Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
452
1644
AE: Recovered Latch Fault Error
F645
AE: Unrecovered Latch Fault Error
1648
Channel: Recovered Reset Flag Error
F649
Channel: Unrecovered Reset Flag Error
164A
Channel: Recovered Gate Command Queue Underflow Error
F64B
Channel: Unrecovered Gate Command Queue Underflow Error
164C
Channel: Recovered Sector Size Fault Error
F64D
Channel: Unrecovered Sector Size Fault Error
164E
Channel: Recovered Last Split Fault Error
F64F
Channel: Unrecovered Last Split Fault Error
1650
Channel: Recovered Servo-Servo Overlap Error
F651
Channel: Unrecovered Servo-Servo Overlap Error
1652
Channel: Recovered Read Gate Fault Error
F653
Channel: Unrecovered Read Gate Fault Error
1654
Channel: Recovered RWBI Out Fault Error
F655
Channel: Unrecovered RWBI Out Fault Error
1656
Channel: Recovered No Write Clock Error
F657
Channel: Unrecovered No Write Clock Error
1658
Channel: Recovered No NRZ Clock Error
F659
Channel: Unrecovered No NRZ Clock Error
165A
Channel: Recovered Calibration Block Fault Error
F65B
Channel: Unrecovered Calibration Block Fault Error
165C
Channel: Recovered Mode Overlap Read Fault Error
F65D
Channel: Unrecovered Mode Overlap Read Fault Error
165E
Channel: Recovered Gate Command Queue Overflow Error
F65F
Channel: Unrecovered Gate Command Queue Overflow Error
1660
Channel: Recovered Ending Write Splice Fault Error
F661
Channel: Unrecovered Ending Write Splice Fault Error
1662
Channel: Recovered Write Gate Overlap Fault Error
F663
Channel: Unrecovered Write Gate Overlap Fault Error
1664
Channel: Recovered Write Gate Fault Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
453
F665
Channel: Unrecovered Write Gate Fault Error
1666
Channel: Recovered Buffer Overflow Write Error
F667
Channel: Unrecovered Buffer Overflow Write Error
1668
Channel: Recovered Buffer Underflow Write Error
F669
Channel: Unrecovered Buffer Underflow Write Error
166A
Channel: Recovered Write Parity Error
F66B
Channel: Unrecovered Write Parity Error
166C
Channel: Recovered Buffer Overflow Read Error
F66D
Channel: Unrecovered Buffer Overflow Read Error
166E
Channel: Recovered CTG Wedge Slip Fault Error
F66F
Channel: Unrecovered CTG Wedge Slip Fault Read Error
1670
Channel: Recovered CTG Packet Late Fault Error
F671
Channel: Unrecovered CTG Packet Late Fault Error
1672
Channel: Recovered Baseline Instability Count Late Error
F673
Channel: Unrecovered Baseline Instability Count Late Error
1674
Channel: Recovered Preamp Count Fault Error
F675
Channel: Unrecovered Preamp Count Fault Error
1676
Channel: Recovered Pfault Read Error
F677
Channel: Unrecovered Pfault Read Error
1678
Channel: Recovered Pfault Write Error
F679
Channel: Unrecovered Pfault Write Error
167A
Channel: Recovered Last Data Fault Error
F67B
Channel: Unrecovered Last Data Fault Error
167C
Channel: Recovered WRPO Fault Error
F67D
Channel: Unrecovered WRPO Fault Error
167E
Channel: Recovered Forced Channel Fault Error
F67F
Channel: Unrecovered Forced Channel Fault Error
1680
Channel: Recovered PLLFloor Error
F681
Channel: Unrecovered PLLFloor Error
1682
Channel: Recovered Losslock Error
F683
Channel: Unrecovered Losslock Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
454
1684
Channel: Recovered VGA Floor Error
F685
Channel: Unrecovered VGA Floor Error
1686
Channel: Recovered Buffer EVGA Floor Error
F687
Channel: Unrecovered Buffer EVGA Floor Error
1688
Channel: Recovered TA Detector Error
F689
Channel: Unrecovered TA Detector Error
168A
Channel: Recovered NPLD Error
F68B
Channel: Unrecovered NPLD Error
168C
Channel: Recovered ZGR Flag Error
F68D
Channel: Unrecovered ZGR Flag Error
168E
Channel: Recovered DPLL Freq Flag Error
F68F
Channel: Recovered DPLL Freq Flag Error
1690
Channel: Recovered Massive Drop Out Detection Error
F691
Channel: Unrecovered Massive Drop Out Detection Error
1692
Channel: Recovered CTG Parameter Out of Bounds Error
F693
Channel: Unrecovered CTG Parameter Out of Bounds Flag Error
1694
Channel: Recovered Flaw Signal Sync Error
F695
Channel: Unrecovered Flaw Signal Sync Error
1696
Channel: Recovered ACQ Flag Error
F697
Channel: Unrecovered ACQ Flag Error
1698
Channel: Recovered No Clock Error
F699
Channel: Unrecovered No Clock Error
169A
Channel: Recovered PLL Losslock Error
F69B
Channel: Unrecovered PLL Losslock Error
169C
Channel: Recovered ESNR Timeout Error
F69D
Channel: Unrecovered ESNR Timeout Error
169E
Channel: Recovered ADC Sample Not Ready Error
F69F
Channel: Unrecovered ADC Sample Not Ready Error
F6A0
AE: Unrecovered Fuse Load Fail Error
F6A1
AE: Unrecovered Configuration Error
16A2
Channel: Recovered Auto RST NRZ-Clock Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
455
F6A3
Channel: Unrecovered Auto RST NRZ-Clock Error
16A4
Channel: Recovered Write CRC Fault Error
F6A5
Channel: Unrecovered Write CRC Fault Error
16A6
Channel: Recovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
F6A7
Channel: Unrecovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
16A8
Channel: Recovered RLL Parameter Error
F6A9
Channel: Unrecovered RLL Parameter Error
16AA
Channel: Recovered FIFO Underflow Error
F6AB
Channel: Unrecovered FIFO Underflow Error
16AC
Channel: Recovered FIFO Overflow Error
F6AD
Channel: Unrecovered FIFO Overflow Error
16AE
Channel: Recovered Iterative Decoder Error
F6AF
Channel: Unrecovered Iterative Decoder Error
16B0
Channel: Recovered Iterative Read Error
F6B1
Channel: Unrecovered Iterative Read Error
16B2
Channel: Recovered Encoder Overflow Error
F6B3
Channel: Unrecovered Encoder Overflow Error
16B4
Channel: Recovered Encoder Underflow Error
F6B5
Channel: Unrecovered Encoder Underflow Error
16B6
Channel: Recovered Encoder RAM CRC Error
F6B7
Channel: Unrecovered Encoder RAM CRC Error
16B8
Channel: Recovered Interface Fault
F6B9
Channel: Unrecovered Interface Fault
16BA
Channel: Recovered QMM EVDump Parse Error
F6BB
Channel: Unrecovered QMM EVDump Parse Error
16BC
Channel: Recovered DiBit Timeout Error
F6BD
Channel: Unrecovered DiBit Timeout Error
16BE
Channel: Recovered MXP Write Fault
F6BF
Channel: Unrecovered MXP Write Fault
16C0
Channel: Recovered Data Jam Error
F6C1
Channel: Unrecovered Data Jam Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
456
16C2
Channel: Recovered Code-Word Out Of Order Error
F6C3
Channel: Unrecovered Code-Word Out Of Order Error
16C4
Channel: Recovered Read RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
F6C5
Channel: Unrecovered Read RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
16C6
Channel: Recovered Write RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
F6C7
Channel: Unrecovered Write RLL Buffer CRC Flag Error
16C8
Channel: Recovered CTG No SAM Detected Fault Error
F6C9
Channel: Unrecovered CTG No SAM Detected Fault Error
16CA
Channel: Recovered ITI Adjust Preload Fault Track Error
F6CB
Channel: Unrecovered ITI Adjust Preload Fault Track Error
16CC
Channel: Recovered WTG SRV Fault Error
F6CD
Channel: Unrecovered WTG SRV Fault Error
16CE
Channel: Recovered CTG Engine Not Ready Fault Error
F6CF
Channel: Unrecovered CTG Engine Not Ready Fault Error
16D0
Channel: Recovered LLI Abort Fault Error
F6D1
Channel: Unrecovered LLI Abort Fault Error
16D2
Channel: Recovered Retry Fault Error
F6D3
Channel: Unrecovered Retry Fault Error
16D4
Channel: Recovered WTG Timeout Fault Error
F6D5
Channel: Unrecovered WTG Timeout Fault Error
16D6
Channel: Recovered ITI Fault TS Transfer All Error
F6D7
Channel: Unrecovered ITI Fault TS Transfer All Error
16D8
Channel: Recovered ITI Data Fault Error
F6D9
Channel: Unrecovered ITI Data Fault Error
F6DA
Channel: Unrecovered Insufficient TFC Preheat Error
F6DB
Channel: Unrecovered AE And FAEP Do Not Match
16DC
Channel: Recovered Data Jam Fault Error
F6DD
Channel: Unrecovered Data Jam Fault Error
16DE
Channel: Recovered Code-Word Out of Order Error
F6DF
Channel: Unrecovered Code-Word Out of Order Error
16E0
Channel: Recovered RLL Initialization Timeout Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
457
F6E1
Channel: Unrecovered RLL Initialization Timeout Error
F6E2
Channel: Unrecovered AEQ Timeout Error
F6E3
Channel: Unrecovered AEQ NLD Initialization Error
F6E4
Channel: Unrecovered ADC Calibration Timeout Error
F6E5
Channel: Unrecovered ADC Buffer Calibration Timeout Error
F6E6
Channel: Unrecovered Power Sequencing Timeout Error
16E7
Channel: Recovered Mode Overlap Write Error
F6E8
Channel: Unrecovered Mode Overlap Write Error
16E9
Channel: Recovered Ready Fault Error
F6EA
Channel: Unrecovered Ready Fault Error
16EB
Channel: Recovered Synchronous Abort Done Error
F6EC
Channel: Unrecovered Synchronous Abort Done Error
16ED
Channel: Recovered NRZ Clear Fault Error
F6EE
Channel: Unrecovered NRZ Clear Fault Error
16EF
Channel: Recovered Collision Fault Error
F6F0
Channel: Unrecovered Collision Fault Error
16F1
Channel: Recovered Read Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
F6F2
Channel: Unrecovered Read Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
16F3
Channel: Recovered Servo Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
F6F4
Channel: Unrecovered Servo Synthesizer Precharge Fail Fault Error
16F5
Channel: Recovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
F6F6
Channel: Unrecovered Read Synthesizer Loss of Lock Error
16F7
Channel: Recovered Fragment Number Fault Error
F6F8
Channel: Unrecovered Fragment Number Fault Error
16F9
Channel: Recovered Preamble Quality Monitor Fault Error
F6FA
Channel: Unrecovered Preamble Quality Monitor Fault Error
F6FB
Channel: Unrecovered Stop For RTM Error
F6FC
Channel: Unrecovered RTM Configuration Error
F6FD
Channel: Unrecovered RTM Failure Error
F6FE
Channel: Unrecovered RTM Timeout Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
458
F701
Format corrupted
F702
Too many notches
D703
Media: Auto Reallocated Write Error
1704
Media: Recovered Write Error - Recommend reassign
D705
Media: Error With OTF Correction - Reassigned
E706
Media: Error With OTF Correction - Recommend Reassign
E707
Media: Error With OTF Correction - Recommend Rewrite
E708
Media: Error With OTF Correction - Rewritten
1709
Media: Recovered Error With Offline Correction
D70A
Media: Error With Offline Correction - Reassigned
E70B
Media: Error With Offline Correction - Recommend Reassign
E70C
Media: Error With Offline Correction - Recommend Rewrite
E70D
Media: Error With Offline Correction - Rewritten
E70E
Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Rewritten
E70F
Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Recommend Rewrite
D710
Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Reassigned
E711
Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error - Recommend Reassign
1712
Media: Recovered LBA MEDC Error
F713
Media: Unrecovered LBA MEDC Error
1714
Media: Recovered Sector Overflow Error
F715
Media: Unrecovered Sector Overflow Error
1716
Media: Recovered Write Overrun Error
F717
Media: Unrecovered Write Overrun Error
1718
Media: Recovered Sync Mark Retry Timeout
F719
Media: Unrecovered Sync Mark Retry Timeout
171C
Media: Recovered DRAM CRC Error
F71D
Media: Unrecovered DRAM CRC Error
171E
Media: Recovered Read Latency Error
F71F
Media: Unrecovered Read Latency Error
F720
Media: RC Dump Overflow Error
F721
Media: Format Configuration Invalid
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
459
1726
Media: Recovered Internal Write Catch Error
F727
Media: Unrecovered Internal Write Catch Error
172C
Media: Recovered Data
F72D
Media: Unrecovered Uncorrectable Read Data error
172E
Media: Recovered Error on Last Data Read
F72F
Media: Unrecovered Error on Last Data Read
F730
Media: Recommend targeted scan
1731
Media: Recovered Write Fault
F732
Media: Unrecovered Write Fault
1733
Media: Recovered Read Write Abort Error
F734
Media: Unrecovered Read Write Abort Error
1735
Channel: Recovered No Sync Detected Error
F736
Channel: Unrecovered No Sync Detected Error
1737
Media: Recovered Post Write Abort Error
F738
Media: Unrecovered Post Write Abort
1739
Media: Recovered Post PES Check Write Abort Error
F73A
Media: Unrecovered Post PES Check Write Abort Error
173B
Media: Recovered Data Address Mark Error
F73C
Media: Unrecovered Data Address Mark Error
173D
Media: Recovered Sector Miss Error
F73E
Media: Unrecovered Sector Miss Error
F73F
Media: NFZ Table Full
F740
Media: Defect SID Table Full Error
F741
Media: OCT Timeout Not Dispatched
F742
Media: OCT Timeout In Recovery
F743
Media: OCT Timeout Executing
1744
Media: Recovered Sudden Stop Error
F745
Media: Unrecovered Sudden Stop Error
1746
Media: Recovered Defect List Format Not Supported Error
1747
Media: Recovered Primary Defect List Not Found Error
1748
Media: Recovered Grown Defect List Not Found Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
460
1749
Media: Recovered Partial Defect List Transferred Error
F74A
Media: Unrecovered Alternate Track Table Full Error
F74B
Media: Unrecovered Primary Defect List Error
F74C
Media: Unrecovered Grown Defect List Error
F74D
Media: Unrecovered Too Many Heads Error
F74E
Media: Unrecovered Skew Table Size Error
F74F
Media: Unrecovered Too Many Zones Error
F750
Media: Unrecovered Too Many SIDs Error
F751
Media: Unrecovered Alternate Track Table Full Error
F752
Media: Unrecovered Drive Capacity Too Small
F753
Media: Unrecovered G-list Full (Format command)
F754
Media: Unrecovered G-list Full (2) (Format command)
F755
Media: Unrecovered Pointer Repeat Size Error
F756
Media: Unrecovered DST Slot Size Error
F757
Media: Unrecovered P-list Full Error
F758
Media: Unrecovered Invalid NFZ Table Error
1759
Media: Recovered Unknown Error
F75A
Media: Unrecovered Unknown Error
F75B
Media: Unrecovered Too Many Sectors Error
F75C
Media: Unrecovered Internal Media Access Timeout Error
F75D
Media: Unrecovered Self-Test Failed Error
F75E
Media: Unrecovered Maximum Servo Cylinder Number Too Small Error
F75F
Media: Unrecovered SAT No Buffer Overflow Error
F760
Media: Unrecovered SAT Buffer Overflow Error
F762
Media: Unrecovered Self-Test Hard-Cache Test Fail
F763
Media: Unrecovered Self-Test OTF-Cache Fail
F764
Media: Unrecovered Merge G-List Failed - No P-List Exists
1766
Channel: Recovered XTS LOAD Timeout Error
F767
Channel: Unrecovered XTS LOAD Timeout Error
1768
Media: Recovered Key Seed ID Mismatch Error
F769
Media: Unrecovered Key Seed ID Mismatch Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
461
176A
Media: Recovered No NRZ Clock Error
F76B
Media: Unrecovered No NRZ Clock Error
176C
Media: Recovered MEDC Correctable Error
F76D
Media: Unrecovered MEDC Uncorrectable Error
176E
Media: Correctable Channel Ready Error
F76F
Media: Uncorrectable Channel Ready Error
1770
Media: Recovered SID Timeout Error
F771
Media: Unrecovered SID Timeout Error
F772
Media: Unrecovered DASH starting timeout
F773
Media: Unrecovered ID table timeout
F774
Media: Unrecovered Servo timeout
F775
Media: Unrecovered Buffers timeout
F776
Media: Unrecovered DASH done timeout
F777
Media: Unrecovered DASH unknown timeout
1778
Media: Recovered Mini Mode Timeout
F779
Media: Unrecovered Mini Mode Timeout
F77A
Media: BUFCNT Timeout Error
F77B
Media: Unrecovered Abort EOS fail
177C
Media: Recovered Servo Area Timeout
F77D
Media: Unrecovered Servo Area Timeout
F77E
Media: Write Error Recovery Timeout
F77F
Media: Read Error Recovery Timeout
1780
Media: Recovered DLC SID Delay Timeout
F781
Media: Unrecovered DLC SID Delay Timeout
1782
Media: Recovered Force Soft Error
F783
Media: Unrecovered Force Soft Error
1784
Media: Recovered Channel Sector Marginal Error
F785
Media: Unrecovered Channel Sector Marginal Error
1786
Media: Recovered LLI Underrun Error
F787
Media: Unrecovered LLI Underrun Error
178C
Media: Recovered FFSULI Timeout
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
462
F78D
Media: Unrecovered FFSULI Timeout
F78E
Media: Unrecovered SAT No Buffer Overflow With ECS Fault
F78F
Media: Unrecovered SAT Buffer Overflow With ECS Fault
1792
Media: Recovered MEDC Write Data Not Ready Error
F793
Media: Unrecovered MEDC Write Data Not Ready error
1794
Media: Recovered DMA Timeout Error
F795
Media: Unrecovered DMA Timeout Error
F797
Media: SAT Write Abort
1798
Media: Recovered ID Not Found Error
F799
Media: Unrecovered ID Not Found Error
179C
Media: Recovered Channel Read Timeout Error
F79D
Media: Unrecovered Channel Read Timeout Error
17A5
Media: Recovered LBA ECC Last Data Read Error
F7A6
Media: Unrecovered LBA ECC Last Data Read Error
F7A7
Media: Unrecovered Committed Write Hard Error
F7A8
Media: Unrecovered Committed Write Correction Disabled Error
F7A9
Media: Unrecovered Committed Write Uncorrectable Error
17AA
Media: Recovered Read Overrun Error
F7AB
Media: Unrecovered Read Overrun Error
17AE
Media: Recovered ECC Correctable Error
F7AF
Media: Unrecovered Sector Missing Error
F7B0
Media: Unrecovered Sector Overflow
17B2
Media: Recovered Abort Window Error
F7B3
Media: Unrecovered Abort Window Error
17B4
Media: Recovered Shock Sensor Error
F7B5
Media: Unrecovered Shock Sensor Error
17B8
Media: Recovered Reference Tag Error
F7B9
Media: Unrecovered Reference Tag error
17BA
Media: Recovered Application Tag Error
F7BB
Media: Unrecovered Application Tag Error
17BC
Media: Recovered Guard Check Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
463
F7BD
Media: Unrecovered Guard Check Error
17C0
Media: Recovered End Sector Check Error
F7C1
Media: Unrecovered End Sector Check Error
17C2
Media: Recovered Read CRC Error
F7C3
Media: Unrecovered Read CRC Error
17C4
Media: Recovered DRAM ECC Error
F7C5
Media: Unrecovered DRAM ECC Error
17C6
Media: Recovered DRAM ECC LBA Error
F7C7
Media: Unrecovered DRAM ECC LBA Error
F7CA
Media: Unrecovered LBA Correction Disabled Error
17CB
Media: Recovered LBA Write Correctable Error
F7CC
Media: Unrecovered LBA Write Uncorrectable Error
F7CD
Media: Unrecovered LBA Encryption Error
F7CE
Media: Unrecovered Offline Already TAR Error
F7D0
Media: Unrecovered Pre-load Timeout Error
17D4
Media: Recovered Parity PTR FIFO Error
F7D5
Media: Unrecovered Parity PTR FIFO Error
17D6
Media: Recovered Parity LBA FIFO Error
F7D7
Media: Unrecovered Parity LBA FIFO Error
17D8
Media: Recovered Parity Uncorrectable FIFO Error
F7D9
Media: Unrecovered Parity Uncorrectable FIFO Error
17DA
Media: Recovered Status Uncorrectable FIFO Error
F7DB
Media: Unrecovered Status Uncorrectable FIFO Error
17DC
Media: Recovered Parity EDC SRAM Error
F7DD
Media: Unrecovered Parity EDC SRAM Error
17DE
Media: Recovered REQ/ACK Handshake Error
F7DF
Media: Unrecovered REQ/ACK Handshake Error
17E0
Media: Recovered Write Splice Error
F7E1
Media: Unrecovered Write Splice Error
17E2
Media: Recovered Read Parity Error
F7E3
Media: Unrecovered Read Parity Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
464
17E4
Media: Recovered EPO Error
F7E5
Media: Unrecovered EPO Error
17E6
Media: Recovered NRZ Sector Marginal Error
F7E7
Media: Unrecovered NRZ Sector Marginal Error
17E8
Media: Recovered AE Access Inhibit Error
F7E9
Media: Unrecovered AE Access Inhibit Error
17EA
Media: Recovered PTR FIFO Error
F7EB
Media: Unrecovered PTR FIFO Error
17EC
Media: Recovered LBA FIFO Error
F7ED
Media: Unrecovered LBA FIFO Error
17EE
Media: Recovered Sector Number Cylinder Error
F7EF
Media: Unrecovered Sector Number Cylinder Error
17F0
Media: Recovered Read Transfer Length Error
F7F1
Media: Unrecovered Read Transfer Length Error
17F2
Media: Recovered DS RDC Burst Error
F7F3
Media: Unrecovered DS RDC Burst Error
17F4
Media: Recovered SV RDC Burst Error
F7F5
Media: Unrecovered SV RDC Burst Error
17F6
Media: Recovered Channel AE WG Error
F7F7
Media: Unrecovered Channel AE WG Error
F813
CMD: Insufficient Buffer Space Error
F815
CMD: Aborted From Internal TMF Error
F81E
CMD: Reassign Not Allowed
F81F
CMD: Operation in Progress
F820
CMD: Unrecovered Parameter List Length Error
F821
CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Opcode in CDB Error
F822
CMD: Unrecovered LBA Out Of Range Error
F823
CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Field In CDB Error
F824
CMD: Unrecovered Invalid LUN Error
F825
CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Field In Parameter List Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
465
F826
CMD: Unrecovered Unsupported Log Page Error
F827
CMD: Unrecovered Access Denied Error
F828
CMD: Unrecovered Invalid Release of Persistent Reservation Error
F829
CMD: Invalid Tx Setting for Combo Chip Error
F830
CMD: Unrecovered
1831
CMD: Power Mode Idle_A By Timer
1832
CMD: Power Mode Idle_B By Timer
1833
CMD: Power Mode Idle_C By Timer
1834
CMD: Power Mode Standby_Z By Timer
1835
CMD: Power Mode Idle_A By Command
1836
CMD: Power Mode Idle_B By Command
1837
CMD: Power Mode Idle_C By Command
1838
CMD: Power Mode Standby_Z By Command
1839
CMD: Power Mode Standby_Y By Timer
183A
CMD: Power Mode
1A02
SMART: Temperature Warning (No Sense)
2A02
SMART: Temperature Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A02
SMART: Temperature Warning (Unit Attention)
1A03
SMART: Background Self-Test Failure (No Sense)
2A03
SMART: Background Self-Test Failure (Recovered Sense)
3A03
SMART: Background Self-Test Failure (Unit Attention)
1A04
SMART: Background Pre-Scan Failure (No Sense)
2A04
SMART: Background Pre-Scan Failure (Recovered Sense)
3A04
SMART: Background Pre-Scan Failure (Unit Attention)
1A05
SMART: Background Media Scan Failure (No Sense)
2A05
SMART: Background Media Scan Failure (Recovered Sense)
3A05
SMART: Background Media Scan Failure (Unit Attention)
1A14
SMART: Spare Sector Availability Warning (No Sense)
2A14
SMART: Spare Sector Availability Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A14
SMART: Spare Sector Availability Warning (Unit Attention)
Sequence Error
Standby_Y By Command
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
466
1A21
SMART: Milli-Actuator Error (No Sense)
2A21
SMART: Milli-Actuator Error (Recovered Sense)
3A21
SMART: Milli-Actuator Error (Unit Attention)
1A22
SMART: Extreme Over-Temperature Warning (No Sense)
2A22
SMART: Extreme Over-Temperature Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A22
SMART: Extreme Over-Temperature Warning (Unit Attention)
1A32
SMART: Read Error Rate Warning (No Sense)
2A32
SMART: Read Error Rate Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A32
SMART: Read Error Rate Warning (Unit Attention)
1A43
SMART: Seek Error Rate Warning (No Sense)
2A43
SMART: Seek Error Rate Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A43
SMART: Seek Error Rate Warning (Unit Attention)
1A4A
SMART: Write Error Rate Warning (No Sense)
2A4A
SMART: Write Error Rate Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A4A
SMART: Write Error Rate Warning (Unit Attention)
1A50
SMART: Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning (No Sense)
2A50
SMART: Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A50
SMART: Load/Unload Cycle Count Warning (Unit Attention)
1A56
SMART: Spinup Time Warning (No Sense)
2A56
SMART: Spinup Time Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A56
SMART: Spinup Time Warning (Unit Attention)
1A5B
SMART: Spinup Retry Count Warning (No Sense)
2A5B
SMART: Spinup Retry Count Warning (Recovered Sense)
3A5B
SMART: Spinup Retry Count Warning (Unit Attention)
FA81
Self-Test: Unrecoverable Error Count Threshold Exceeded
2A83
Self-Test: GLIST Error Count Threshold Reached
1A85
Self-Test: Recovery Error
2A85
Self-Test: Servo Error
4A85
Self-Test: Command Timeout Error
FA85
Self-Test: Unrecoverable Error
1AFF
SMART: Test Warning Threshold Reached (No Sense)
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
467
2AFF
SMART: Test Warning Threshold Reached (Recovered Sense)
3AFF
SMART: Test Warning Threshold Reached (Unit Attention)
FCxx
Media: Unrecovered Unable to Read RID or FID Number xx
1ECE
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Other)
FECF
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Other)
1ED0
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Estimator)
FED1
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Estimator)
1ED2
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Predictor)
FED3
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (Predictor)
1ED4
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (PES Error)
FED5
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Due to Vibration Condition (PES Error)
1ED6
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Off Track Write Error
FED7
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Off Track Write Error
1ED8
Media: Recovered R/W Abort RRO Field Misread Error
FED9
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort RRO Field Misread Error
1EDA
Media: Recovered R/W Abort RRO Field Missing Error
FEDB
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort RRO Field Missing Error
1EDC
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Idle Seek Error
FEDD
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Idle Seek Error
1EDE
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Seek Timeout Error
FEDF
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Seek Timeout Error
1EE0
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Estimator Error
FEE1
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Estimator Error
1EE2
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Predictor Error
FEE3
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Predictor Error
1EE4
Media: Recovered R/W Abort PES Error
FEE5
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort PES Error
1EE6
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Seek Start Error
FEE7
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Seek Start Error
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
468
1EE8
Media: Recovered R/W Abort PES Reset Error
FEE9
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort PES Reset Error
1EEA
Media: Recovered R/W Abort SID Unlock Error
FEEB
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort SID Unlock Error
1EEC
Media: Recovered R/W Abort WCS Error
FEED
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort WCS Error
1EEE
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Hard Reset Error
FEEF
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Hard Reset Error
1EF0
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Shock Error
FEF1
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Shock Error
1EF2
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Unlock Macro Error
FEF3
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Unlock Macro Error
1EF4
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Sharp Error
FEF5
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Sharp Error
1EF6
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Aggressive Error
FEF7
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Aggressive Error
1EF8
Media: Recovered R/W Abort SVGA Limit Error
FEF9
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort SVGA Limit Error
1EFA
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Gray Code Error
FEFB
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Gray Code Error
1EFC
Media: Recovered R/W Abort Burst Error
FEFD
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort Burst Error
1EFE
Media: Recovered R/W Abort No STM Error
FEFF
Media: Unrecovered R/W Abort No STM Error
FF01
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded
FF02
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Format Invalid
FF03
IndSys: Indirection System Not Online
FF04
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Old Version Mismatch
FF05
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Heap Pointer Mismatch
FF06
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Heap size Mismatch
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
469
FF07
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Heap Size Mismatch
FF08
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Heap Version Mismatch
FF09
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Incompatible Rid
FF0A
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Corrupt Rid
FF0B
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Num Objects Mismatch
FF0C
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Version Mismatch
FF0D
IndMgr: Drive Not Loaded - Rid Version Mismatch
FF0E
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Layout Rid Version Mismatch
FF0F
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - W2C Rid Version Mismatch
FF10
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Layout Manager Restore Failed
FF11
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - W2C Manager Restore Failed
FF12
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Layout Failed
FF13
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - DMM Format Failed
FF14
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - IM Format Failed
FF15
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Pseudo Write Failed
FF16
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Full drop Failed
FF17
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - EPO Format Failed
FF18
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Set IM Valid Failed
FF19
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Bring Online failed
FF1A
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Metadata First Primary
FF1B
IndSys: Drive Loaded - Metadata First Primary and Secondary
FF1C
IndSys: Drive Loaded - IBA Out of Range
FF1D
IndSys: Drive Loaded - Context Load Failed
FF1E
IndSys: Drive Loaded - Context Sequence ID Mismatch
FF1F
IndSys: Drive Loaded - Replay EPO Spec Failed
FF20
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - EPD Flash Entry Invalid
FF21
LayoutMgr: All Flash Entries Erased
FF22
IndSys: Drive Loaded - Replay Failed
1F40
IndSys: LOM Generic Fail
FF41
LayoutMgr: Format Capacity Not Met
1F42
DlMgr: DLMGR Generic Fail
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
470
FF43
IndSys: Drive Not Loaded - Metadata ATI
FF44
IndSys: Drive Loaded - Replay Fail
FF50
IndMgr: IM Demand Split Too Deep Failure
FF51
IndMgr: Allocate Failed Delta Group
FF52
IndMgr: Allocate Failed Split Spec
FF53
IndMgr: Allocate Failed Split Delta
FF54
IndMgr: Allocate Failed Unsplit Delta Group
FF55
IndMgr: Generic Insert Exception Failed
FF60
EpoMgr: Flash Read RS Syndrome Gen Timeout
FF61
EpoMgr: Uncorrectable Flash RS ECC Error
FF62
EpoMgr: Correctable EPO Timeout
FF63
EpoMgr: ARM FPS Engine and Not Spinning
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
471
Abbreviations, 92
Active Notch, 181
Additional information, 308, 437
Additional Sense Length (Byte 7), 372
Alternate Tracks per Logical Unit, 170
Alternate Tracks per Zone, 170
Appendix, 437
Automatic Read Reallocation Enabled, 164
Automatic Rewrite/Reallocate, 321
Automatic Write Reallocation Enabled, 164
Block Descriptor, 160
block format, 99, 100
buffer overrun, 152
buffer underrun, 152
Byte ordering conventions, 92
bytes from index format, 100
Command Information Unit, 80
Command Processing During Execution of Active I/O
process, 309
Command Processing During Startup and Format
Operations, 312
Command processing while reserved, 318
Command queuing, 320
Command Queuing, 320
Command reordering, 321, 323, 324, 325, 328, 330, 333,
334, 339, 341, 342
Command Reordering, 321, 323, 324, 325, 328, 330, 333,
334, 339, 341, 342
Command Time out Limits, 328, 333, 334
Concurrent I/O Process, 321
DATA Information Units, 84
Data Recovery Procedure, 331
defect descriptor, 98
Defect Descriptor, 99
defect list, 95
Deferred Error Condition, 312
Degraded Mode, 313, 318, 334
device cache fast writes, 153
device cache partial read hits, 153
device cache write hits, 153
Diagnostics, 325, 328, 330, 333, 334, 339, 341, 342
Disable Block Descriptor, 157
Download Microcode and Save (Mode 0101b), 298
Drive Service Strategy, 330, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337,
338
FC-AL attachment, 63, 339, 366, 437
Format Time, 328
format unit, 93, 318
FORMAT UNIT, 93, 318
Grown Defect List (Glist), 224
Idle Time Function, 328
Incorrect Length Indicator (Bit 5 of byte 2), 370
inquiry, 102
Internal Error Condition, 312
Link Reset Sequence, 67, 68, 72, 77, 84, 85
Log Page Parameters, 127
LOG SELECT, 123
LOG SELECT (4C), 123
LOG SENSE, 126
LOG SENSE (4D), 126
Logical Block Cache Segment Size, 175
Maximum Burst Size, 168, 169
Maximum Pre-fetch, 175
Maximum Pre-fetch Ceiling, 175
Merge G-List into P-List, 162
Minimum Pre-fetch, 175
Mode Pages, 323
MODE SELECT, 155
MODE SELECT, 156
MODE SELECT (15), 155
MODE SELECT (55), 156
MODE SENSE (1A), 157
MODE SENSE (5A), 197
OPEN Address Frame, 75
overrun counter, 152
Overview, 323
Page Code Valid, 233
Page Format, 262
Parameter data for Read Keys, 199
Parameter list, 203
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT, 201
PERSISTENT RESERVE OUT (5F), 201
Persistent Reserve Out Parameter list, 203
PHY Error Handling, 71
physical sector format, 101
Physical Sector Format (101b), 226
Post Error, 164
PRE-FETCH, 206, 207
Primary Defect List, 224
Priority commands, 320
Priority Commands, 320
Queue Depth, 320
Queue Full Status, 320
Random Vibration, 55
READ (10) - (28), 209
Read Ahead, 323
READ BUFFER (3C), 215
Read Buffer Full Ratio, 168
Read Cache Disable, 175
READ CAPACITY, 221
READ CAPACITY command, 221
Read Continuous, 164
READ DEFECT DATA (37), 224
READ DEFECT DATA (B7), 227
READ LONG command, 229, 230
Read Retry Count, 165
REASSIGN BLOCKS (07), 231, 332
Reassignment Time, 328
RECEIVE DIAGNOSTICS (1C), 233
Recommended Initiator ERP, 330
RELEASE (17), 236
RELEASE (57), 237
REPORT LUNS (A0), 247
Report Recovered Non Data Errors, 162
REQUEST SENSE (03), 251, 368
RESERVE (16), 252
RESERVE (56), 253
Reserved Area, 234
Reset, 324, 325, 328, 330, 333, 334, 339, 341, 342
Reset Actions, 324
RESPONSE Information Units, 86, 88, 89, 95, 97, 99, 127,
128, 129, 131, 133, 134, 135, 137, 138, 140, 198, 199,
200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 216, 217, 218, 221, 222, 225,
226, 227, 228, 233, 256, 264, 297, 298, 299
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
472
REZERO UNIT (01), 254, 255
SAS Attachment, 63, 339, 366, 437
SAS OOB, 68
SAS OOB (Out of Band), 68
SAS Speed Negotiation, 69, 71
SCSI Control Byte, 92
SCSI Protocol, 308
SCSI Status Byte, 307
SCSI Status Byte Reporting, 308
Sectors per Track, 171
seek counter, 151
seeks, 152
Segmented Caching, 323
SEND DIAGNOSTIC (1D), 139, 262
sense data, 323
Sense Data, 323
Service Action, 198, 201
Size Enable, 174, 178
START STOP UNIT (1B), 271
Storage time, 38
Summary, 204
SYNCHRONIZE CACHE (35), 274
Termination of I/O Processes, 320
TEST UNIT READY (00), 276
Track Skew Factor, 171
Tracks per Zone, 171
Transfer Block, 164
Transport Layer, 78
Type, 202
underrun counter, 152
unit attention condition, 310, 323, 371
Unit Attention Condition, 310, 323, 336, 371
Unit Start/Stop Time, 328, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335,
336, 337, 338
VERIFY (2F), 277
WRITE (10) - (2A), 285
WRITE (6) - (0A), 284
WRITE AND VERIFY (2E), 291, 294
WRITE BUFFER (3B), 299
Write Buffer Empty Ratio, 168
Write Cache, 321, 323, 324, 325, 328, 330, 333, 334, 339,
341, 342
Write Cache Enable, 174
WRITE LONG (3F), 300, 302
Write Retention Priority, 175
Write Retry Count, 165
WRITE SAME (41), 303
XFER_RDY Information Units, 84
zero seeks, 152
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
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© Copyright HGST, a Western Digital company
HGST, a Western Digital company
3403 Yerba Buena Road
San Jose, CA 95135
Produced in the United States
Tel: 800-801-4618 Fax: 408-717-5000
22 June 2016
All rights reserved Ultrastar™ is a trademark of HGST.
HGST trademarks are authorized for use in countries and jurisdictions in which HGST has the right to
use, market and advertise the brands. HGST shall not be liable to third parties for unauthorized use of
HGST trademarks.
Microsoft, Windows XP, and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States,
other countries, or both.
Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
References in this publication to HGST products, programs or services do not imply that HGST intends to
make these available in all countries in which HGST operates.
Product information is provided for information purposes only and does not constitute a warranty.
Information is true as of the date of publication and is subject to change. Actual results may vary.
This publication is for general guidance only. Photographs may show design models.
HGST Ultrastar C10K1800 Hard Disk Drive Specification
474
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