PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION

PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Contents
(Click below to jump to section)
Safety First
2
Material Handling
2
Preparation and Storage
3
Optimal Work Setup
4
Single Wrap Pipe 6
Double Wrap Pipe 7
Multi-Layer Wrap Pipe
8
Pipe Fittings
10
Valves and Flanges 11
45- and 90-Degree Elbows 14
Cryogenic Piping and Equipment
18
Filling Cracks and Voids
18
Cutting Charts 19
Equipment Procedures
25
Aspen Aerogels recognizes that performance
of our state-of-the-art aerogel insulation
materials depends on the total thermal
integrity of our system. Therefore, we have
developed preferred guidelines for installing
aerogel blankets.
All of the procedures described in this manual
have been field-proven in conjunction with
installation partners.
We are constantly striving to develop new
application procedures and insulation
systems to make our products stand above
our competition with quicker delivery
times, simpler logistics, and more reliable
installation.
We stand behind our products and are willing
to work with you to develop application
procedures to suit your project-specific
execution plan.
Please feel free to contact us for specialized
training or recommendations regarding our
application procedures.
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Safety First
Aerogel materials are engineered with safety and
performance as our priorities. Aspen has performed
extensive HSE testing and found our materials are safe. For
worker comfort when working with aerogel, we recommend
dust masks and work gloves to reduce irritation. Standard
work gloves and jump suits reduce the “dry feeling” caused
by the hydrophobic characteristic of aerogel.
Frequently Asked Questions
But I heard “nanotechnology” is bad?
Aerogel is 95% air, so the nanotechnology refers to the pores in the material.
Is aerogel dust safe?
Our material dust is greater than 15 microns and rated only as a “nuisance dust” by OSHA.
Does aerogel silica cause health problems?
Crystalline silica is bad. Aerogel uses amorphous silica, which is not a health hazard
beacuse it does not have the shape factor of a crystalline structure.
Material Handling
Aerogel insulations when shipped in full rolls are typically 57” wide
weighing approximately 200 lbs per roll. When shipped in orders of two
rolls or more, they are packaged in crates containing two rolls. The use
of a pallet jack or forklift will be required in order to move the double
roll crates. The crates can also be separated into single roll packaging
with the removal of the side braces and the screws located at the bottom
of each end once they have been received on site. These rolls can be
moved manually with the use of an aluminum tube placed through
the center of the roll and picked up from either end. Rolls can also be
shipped without the crate affording a 90-100% increase in the number of
rolls per container.
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PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Preparation and Storage
Aerogel insulation materials should be stored in a clean, dry and protected environment. If material has to be stored
in an outdoor setting, it should be placed on pallets and thoroughly covered with a waterproof tarp or plastic sheeting.
Although the aerogel material is hydrophobic, all necessary measures should be taken to protect it from the weather.
To prepare for installation:
•
•
•
•
Ensure that pressure testing of piping and fittings has been completed prior to installing insulation.
Ensure that all pipe and fitting surfaces over which insulation is to be installed are clean and dry.
Ensure that insulation is clean, dry, and in good mechanical condition. Wet, dirty, or damaged insulation is not
acceptable for installation.
Determine pipe size, pipe length, and number of layers of aerogel blanket required for the application.
NOTE: More information on above sections can be found in our Safety & Handling Guidelines manual, which is available on request.
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PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Optimal Work Setup
To achieve the most productive work environment for use with Aerogel insulations we suggest the following setup.
Bulk Cutting Area
This area will be used for the cutting of Aerogel materials from the full rolls into lengths required for the application
as well as any preformed parts required to ease the installation process. This area should be setup in a covered and
protected area. This area should contain several tables to accommodate the roll width and cutting length required for
each component being worked. The roll of aerogel material should be situated at the front of the table where it can be
dispensed from the crate or placed on a roller rack with a tube placed though the roll. Please refer to the cutting tools
chart below for suggested tools for this application. Once parts are cut in this area, it is suggested that they be placed
on pallets and covered, bagged, or wrapped in plastic before being placed at the work area.
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PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Optimal Work Setup
Work Area
Once material is placed in this area from the bulk cutting area it should be checked that it is covered and protected form
weather. Ideally the material should be placed as close to the work area as possible. Remove the materials from the
packaging and distribute to the work location. Please refer to the cutting tools chart below for suggested tools for field
applications.
Recommended Cutting Tools
Material
Cutting Tool
Scissors
Box Cutter
Tin Snips
Heated Knife
Pizza Wheel/
Electric
Pizza Wheel/
Battery
Hand Shear
Slitter
√
√*
√*
Pyrogel
√
√
√*
√
√*
Cryogel
√
√
√*
√
√*
√*
Spaceloft
√
√
√*
√
√*
√*
√ = field cutting equipment
Return to table of contents
√* = shop cutting equipment
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Single Wrap Pipe
1.
2.
3.
4.
Cut aerogel blanket to length required for a
complete wrap. Cut length may be achieved by either
wrapping a piece around the pipe or consulting the
cutting charts on pages 19-20.
Once wrapped around the pipe, the aerogel may
be held in place using tape, wire, adhesive spray, or
banding.
Return to table of contents
Place on pipe and wrap around the circumference
of the pipe. Starting edge of aerogel can be hand held in
place while wrapped, or a pin system may be used.
Completed assembly showing lap joint.
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Double Wrap Pipe
1.
Cut aerogel blanket to length required for a
complete wrap. Cut length may be achieved by either
wrapping a piece around the pipe or consulting the
cutting charts on pages 19-20.
2.
Place on pipe and wrap around the circumference
of the pipe.
3.
Overlap and continue around circumference to achieve the double layer application. Starting edge of aerogel can be
hand held in place while wrapped, or a pin system may be used.
4.
Once wrapped around the pipe, the aerogel may
be held in place using tape, wire, adhesive spray, or
banding.
Return to table of contents
5.
Install metal cladding and seal with specificationapproved sealant. In some cases the use of attachment
can be avoided if the finish point ends just over the top
side of the pipe.
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Multi-Layer Wrap Pipe
1.
For applications that require the use of more than two layers of aerogel blanket, the suggested procedure follows
the same steps as the double layer application, overlapping the circumferential joint where the first wraps meet.
2.
Once wrapped around the pipe, the aerogel may be held in place using tape, wire, adhesive spray, or banding.
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PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Multi-Layer Wrap Pipe
3.
Install metal cladding and seal with specification-approved sealant. In some cases the use of attachment can be
avoided if the finish point ends just over the top side of the pipe.
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PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Pipe Fittings
Pipe Ends
Install aerogel blanket past the pipe end to the same distance as required for the thickness of the insulation.
Cut plugs from the aerogel to the diameter of the opening and install to match the thickness.
Reducers
Install aerogel blanket to the same thickness as would be required for the piping using the same layout pattern as would
be required for the metal cladding less the required overlaps.
Install each layer in a staggered fashion.
Tees
Install aerogel blanket using the same techniques as would be used for installing the cladding.
Piping Shoes
Install aerogel blanket around pipe adjacent to the pipe shoe and make a slit the length of the shoe.
Slide aerogel through the shoe area and continue wrapping the aerogel on the other end of the shoe area.
For some shoe types that have a welded section through the center, it may be required to apply the aerogel from both
ends.
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10
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Valves and Flanges
This section gives the general techniques for insulating larger valves and gate valves. Because of the variety in shape and
design of flanged valves, some modifications to these instructions may be necessary.
1.
Insulate the pipe as far as the flange, then determine the diameters of the aerogel-insulated pipe and the flange.
2.
Wrap strip of aerogel over insulated pipe portion to
achieve the same diameter as the flange. Cut donut to
the same size of the bonnet end if insulation is required
on the bonnet section.
3.
Measure the height between the two outer faces of
the aerogel wraps.
4.
Transfer height “B” and circumference “A” to aerogel sheet and mark the cutouts for the bonnet neck “C”. Move the
cutout on each wrap of aerogel to achieve stagger, and slide over handle section to achieve stagger.
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11
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Valves and Flanges
5.
Wrap scrap strips of aerogel to build the body of
the valve out unit so it is the same dimension as the OD
of the flanges.
6.
The aerogel sheet is now wrapped around the
valve body followed by any additional layers with joints
staggered. Attachment of the aerogel may be done with
tape, wire, adhesive spray, or banding.
7.
The last pieces will insulate the bonnet area if required. The bonnet insulation of aerogel is cut to the size of C x L1,
then marked in quarters. Next, the scalloped edge of the insulation is determined by swinging an arc from each point marked
+. The radius of the arc is equal to Y. These areas are connected with straight lines to give a smooth scalloped edge.
8.
C
Overall length determined by wrapping a strip of aerogel
around the bonnet flange and marking where the ends meet
L1
Distance is from the outer surface of the aerogel donut to the
approximate middle of the valve body insulation
L2
Distance is from the outer surface of the aerogel donut to the
closest surface of the valve body insulation
Y
Difference between L1 and L2
Once installation of the aerogel insulation layers is complete, the finished valve should resemble below.
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12
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Valves and Flanges
9.
Install metal cladding over aerogel and seal with specification-approved sealant.
10.
Aerogel-lined removable metal or blanket covers may also be an option for valves and flanges.
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13
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
45- and 90-Degree Elbows
Suggested Elbow Chart
Pipe Size
Elbow Type
Pre-Cut
/2 – 11/2
√
1
Gored
√
2–6
√
√
6 – 12
√
√
12 – 24
√
√
25 – 36
√
√
37 – 48
Stove Pipe
√
The instructions on the following pages cover three types
of elbows available for use with aerogel materials and
installation suggestions.
Prefabricated elbows are available from Sproule Mfg. Co.,
888-877-7685, www.sproule-mfg.com.
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14
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
45- and 90-Degree Elbows
Pre-Cut
The pre-cut elbow is based on a gore-style pattern attached through the heal area forming a spine through the elbow.
This elbow is one piece per layer application for sizes 20” and smaller and two pieces for sizes 21” – 36”. Please refer to
the instructions listed below for ease of installation.
1.
Remove first course of aerogel from box (on top). Centerline is marked with color-coded stripes: red for inside
surface, green for outside surface.
2.
Apply first finger assembly with red stripe facing the pipe and green stripe on the outside (shortest fingers on the
inside layer). Start applying aerogel at three inches before the tangent line of the elbow, and center on the heel section
of the elbow.
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15
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
45- and 90-Degree Elbows
3.
Repeat steps for second course of aerogel. Start applying aerogel this time at the tangent line of the elbow to
achieve stagger, again centering on the heel section of the elbow.
4.
Completed six-ply aerogel assembly showing three-inch tail section on first three layers.
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16
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
45- and 90-Degree Elbows
Gored
This style of elbow can be cut by the contractor using the same principles that are used to fabricate the metal gore elbow
minus the overlaps required for metal.
Cut the aerogel blanket to the required length and cut as per the gore pattern. Install each layer, staggering the seams
where possible. This can be achieved by slitting one of the gored sections down the center to create half a gore. This
half section will be used for the starter and finisher of the staggered layer. The gored elbow may also be achieved with
the separating of the above listed pre-cut elbows and installed one gore at a time. For larger elbows above 36”, we
recommend this type of installation.
Half gore section
Full gore section
Stove Pipe
It is suggested that this style of elbow only be used on the small bore piping where the fabrication of the above elbow
styles can not be fabricated due to limited elbow throat space. In order to fabricate this elbow, it is suggested that the
pre-formed pipe covering be cut at a 45-degree angle with the sections adjoined in the elbow to form the 90-degree
elbow.
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17
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cryogenic Piping and Equipment
Follow application procedures in previous sections for piping, fittings, valves and flanges, and elbows while installing
specification-approved vapor barrier between installed layers as shown below. Once all required layers have been applied,
install metal cladding to specification requirements.
Filling Cracks and Voids
Filling small cracks and voids can be achieved by delaminating the aerogel material to a workable thickness and pushing
it into the crack with the use of a knife. For larger cracks and voids, it is recommended that strips or sections be cut from
a blanket and added. When delaminating, care must be taken not to shred the material causing it to loosen the aerogel
material from the section. It is not recommended that it be shredded into fiber in order to do this, as this will cause the
loss of aerogel from the material.
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18
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cutting Charts
Cryogel Z 5 mm Blanket Cut Chart (inches)
Material Stretchout Estimation Worksheet
Aerogel Type:
System of Units:


Lap Joint (inches) 1.0
NPS
(in)
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
1
5.1
5.9
6.8
7.7
8.5
10.1
12.0
13.6
15.3
16.9
20.2
23.5
30.0
36.6
42.9
46.8
53.1
59.4
65.7
72.0
78.3
84.5
90.8
97.1
103.4
109.7
116.0
122.2
128.5
134.8
141.1
147.4
153.7
Return to table of contents
2
10.5
12.1
13.9
15.6
17.2
20.4
24.2
27.5
30.8
34.1
40.6
47.2
60.3
73.4
86.1
93.9
106.5
119.0
131.6
144.2
156.7
169.3
181.9
194.4
207.0
219.6
232.1
244.7
257.3
269.8
282.4
295.0
307.5
3
17.0
19.5
22.2
24.7
27.1
32.0
37.7
42.6
47.5
52.4
62.3
72.1
91.7
111.4
130.4
142.2
161.1
179.9
198.8
217.6
236.5
255.3
274.2
293.0
311.9
330.7
349.6
368.4
387.3
406.1
425.0
443.8
462.7
4
24.9
28.1
31.8
35.1
38.3
44.8
52.4
59.0
65.5
72.1
85.2
98.3
124.5
150.7
176.1
191.8
216.9
242.0
267.2
292.3
317.4
342.6
367.7
392.8
418.0
443.1
468.2
493.4
518.5
543.6
568.8
593.9
619.0
Material Stretchout (inches)
Number of Layers
5
6
7
8
33.9
44.2
55.8
68.5
38.0
49.1
61.4
75.0
42.5
54.5
67.8
82.3
46.7
59.5
73.6
88.9
50.8
64.4
79.3
95.5
58.9
74.2
90.7
108.5
68.3
85.5
103.9 123.5
76.6
95.4
115.4 136.7
84.7
105.2 126.9 149.8
92.9
115.0 138.3 162.9
109.3 134.7 161.3 189.1
125.7 154.3 184.2 215.3
158.4 193.6 230.1 267.7
191.2 232.9 275.9 320.1
222.9 271.0 320.3 370.9
242.6 294.6 347.8 402.3
274.0 332.3 391.8 452.6
305.4 370.0 435.8 502.9
336.8 407.7 479.8 553.1
368.2 445.4 523.8 603.4
399.6 483.1 567.7 653.7
431.1 520.8 611.7 703.9
462.5 558.5 655.7 754.2
493.9 596.2 699.7 804.5
525.3 633.9 743.7 854.7
556.7 671.6 787.7 905.0
588.1 709.3 831.6 955.3
619.5 747.0 875.6 1005.5
651.0 784.7 919.6 1055.8
682.4 822.4 963.6 1106.0
713.8 860.1 1007.6 1156.3
745.2 897.8 1051.6 1206.6
776.6 935.5 1095.5 1256.8
9
82.5
89.8
98.0
105.5
112.8
127.5
144.4
159.3
174.0
188.7
218.2
247.7
306.6
365.6
422.7
458.1
514.6
571.2
627.7
684.3
740.8
797.4
853.9
910.5
967.0
1023.6
1080.1
1136.6
1193.2
1249.7
1306.3
1362.8
1419.4
10
97.8
105.9
115.0
123.3
131.4
147.7
166.5
183.0
199.4
215.8
248.5
281.3
346.8
412.3
475.8
515.0
577.9
640.7
703.5
766.4
829.2
892.0
954.9
1017.7
1080.5
1143.4
1206.2
1269.0
1331.8
1394.7
1457.5
1520.3
1583.2
11
114.2
123.2
133.2
142.3
151.3
169.2
189.9
208.0
226.0
244.0
280.1
316.1
388.1
460.2
530.0
573.2
642.4
711.5
780.6
849.7
918.8
987.9
1057.0
1126.2
1195.3
1264.4
1333.5
1402.6
1471.7
1540.9
1610.0
1679.1
1748.2
12
132.0
141.7
152.6
162.6
172.4
191.9
214.4
234.3
253.9
273.6
312.8
352.2
430.8
509.4
585.6
632.7
708.1
783.5
858.9
934.3
1009.7
1085.1
1160.5
1235.9
1311.3
1386.7
1462.1
1537.5
1612.9
1688.3
1763.7
1839.1
1914.5
19
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cutting Charts
Pyrogel XT 5 mm Blanket Cut Chart (inches)
Material Stretchout Estimation Worksheet
Aerogel Type:
System of Units:


Lap Joint (inches) 1.0
NPS
(in)
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
1
5.7
6.5
7.4
8.3
9.1
10.7
12.6
14.2
15.9
17.5
20.8
24.1
30.6
37.2
43.5
47.4
53.7
60.0
66.3
72.6
78.8
85.1
91.4
97.7
104.0
110.3
116.5
122.8
129.1
135.4
141.7
148.0
154.2
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2
12.0
13.7
15.5
17.1
18.8
22.0
25.8
29.1
32.4
35.6
42.2
48.7
61.8
74.9
87.6
95.5
108.1
120.6
133.2
145.8
158.3
170.9
183.5
196.0
208.6
221.2
233.7
246.3
258.9
271.4
284.0
296.6
309.1
3
20.0
22.4
25.2
27.7
30.1
35.0
40.6
45.6
50.5
55.4
65.2
75.1
94.7
114.4
133.4
145.2
164.0
182.9
201.7
220.6
239.4
258.3
277.1
296.0
314.8
333.7
352.5
371.4
390.2
409.1
427.9
446.8
465.6
4
29.6
32.9
36.5
39.8
43.1
49.6
57.1
63.7
70.3
76.8
89.9
103.0
129.2
155.4
180.8
196.5
221.7
246.8
271.9
297.1
322.2
347.3
372.5
397.6
422.7
447.8
473.0
498.1
523.2
548.4
573.5
598.6
623.8
Material Stretchout (inches)
Number of Layers
5
6
7
8
40.8
53.7
68.2
84.4
44.9
58.6
73.9
90.8
49.5
64.0
80.3
98.1
53.6
69.0
86.1
104.8
57.7
73.9
91.8
111.3
65.8
83.7
103.2 124.3
75.2
95.0
116.3 139.3
83.5
104.9 127.9 152.6
91.6
114.7 139.3 165.6
99.8
124.5 150.8 178.7
116.2 144.2 173.7 204.9
132.6 163.8 196.7 231.2
165.4 203.1 242.5 283.6
198.1 242.4 288.4 336.0
229.8 280.5 332.8 386.7
249.5 304.1 360.3 418.2
280.9 341.8 404.3 468.4
312.3 379.5 448.3 518.7
343.7 417.2 492.3 569.0
375.1 454.9 536.2 619.2
406.6 492.6 580.2 669.5
438.0 530.3 624.2 719.8
469.4 568.0 668.2 770.0
500.8 605.7 712.2 820.3
532.2 643.4 756.1 870.6
563.6 681.1 800.1 920.8
595.1 718.8 844.1 971.1
626.5 756.5 888.1 1021.3
657.9 794.2 932.1 1071.6
689.3 831.9 976.1 1121.9
720.7 869.6 1020.0 1172.1
752.1 907.3 1064.0 1222.4
783.6 945.0 1108.0 1272.7
9
102.1
109.4
117.6
125.1
132.4
147.1
164.0
178.9
193.6
208.3
237.8
267.3
326.2
385.2
442.3
477.7
534.2
590.8
647.3
703.9
760.4
816.9
873.5
930.0
986.6
1043.1
1099.7
1156.2
1212.8
1269.3
1325.9
1382.4
1439.0
10
121.5
129.6
138.7
147.0
155.2
171.5
190.3
206.8
223.1
239.5
272.2
305.0
370.5
436.1
499.5
538.8
601.6
664.4
727.3
790.1
852.9
915.8
978.6
1041.4
1104.3
1167.1
1229.9
1292.8
1355.6
1418.4
1481.3
1544.1
1606.9
11
142.5
151.5
161.5
170.6
179.6
197.5
218.2
236.3
254.3
272.3
308.4
344.4
416.4
488.5
558.3
601.5
670.7
739.8
808.9
878.0
947.1
1016.2
1085.3
1154.5
1223.6
1292.7
1361.8
1430.9
1500.0
1569.1
1638.3
1707.4
1776.5
12
165.2
174.9
185.9
195.8
205.6
225.2
247.7
267.5
287.1
306.8
346.1
385.4
464.0
542.7
618.8
665.9
741.3
816.7
892.1
967.5
1042.9
1118.3
1193.7
1269.1
1344.5
1419.9
1495.3
1570.7
1646.1
1721.5
1796.9
1872.3
1947.7
20
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cutting Charts
Cryogel Z and Pyrogel XT 10 mm Blanket Cut Chart (inches)
Material Stretchout Estimation Worksheet
Aerogel Type:
System of Units:


Lap Joint (inches) 1.0
NPS
(in)
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
1
7.0
7.8
8.7
9.5
10.3
12.0
13.8
15.5
17.1
18.8
22.0
25.3
31.9
38.4
44.8
48.7
55.0
61.3
67.5
73.8
80.1
86.4
92.7
99.0
105.2
111.5
117.8
124.1
130.4
136.7
142.9
149.2
155.5
Return to table of contents
2
15.4
17.0
18.8
20.5
22.1
25.4
29.2
32.5
35.7
39.0
45.6
52.1
65.2
78.3
91.0
98.9
111.4
124.0
136.6
149.1
161.7
174.3
186.8
199.4
212.0
224.5
237.1
249.7
262.2
274.8
287.4
299.9
312.5
3
26.3
28.8
31.5
34.0
36.4
41.3
46.9
51.9
56.8
61.7
71.5
81.4
101.0
120.7
139.7
151.5
170.3
189.2
208.0
226.9
245.7
264.6
283.4
302.3
321.1
340.0
358.8
377.7
396.5
415.4
434.2
453.1
471.9
4
39.7
42.9
46.6
49.9
53.2
59.7
67.2
73.8
80.3
86.9
100.0
113.1
139.3
165.5
190.9
206.6
231.7
256.9
282.0
307.1
332.3
357.4
382.5
407.7
432.8
457.9
483.1
508.2
533.3
558.5
583.6
608.7
633.9
Material Stretchout (inches)
Number of Layers
5
6
7
8
55.6
73.9
94.7
118.0
59.6
78.8
100.4 124.5
64.2
84.2
106.8 131.8
68.3
89.2
112.6 138.4
72.4
94.1
118.3 144.9
80.5
103.9 129.7 158.0
89.9
115.1 142.8 173.0
98.2
125.1 154.4 186.2
106.4 134.9 165.8 199.3
114.6 144.7 177.3 212.4
130.9 164.3 200.2 238.6
147.3 184.0 223.2 264.8
180.1 223.3 269.0 317.2
212.8 262.6 314.9 369.6
244.6 300.7 359.3 420.4
264.2 324.3 386.8 451.8
295.6 362.0 430.8 502.1
327.0 399.7 474.8 552.3
358.4 437.4 518.7 602.6
389.9 475.1 562.7 652.9
421.3 512.8 606.7 703.1
452.7 550.5 650.7 753.4
484.1 588.2 694.7 803.7
515.5 625.9 738.7 853.9
546.9 663.6 782.6 904.2
578.4 701.3 826.6 954.5
609.8 739.0 870.6 1004.7
641.2 776.7 914.6 1055.0
672.6 814.4 958.6 1105.3
704.0 852.1 1002.5 1155.5
735.4 889.7 1046.5 1205.8
766.9 927.4 1090.5 1256.1
798.3 965.1 1134.5 1306.3
9
143.7
151.0
159.2
166.7
174.1
188.7
205.6
220.5
235.2
249.9
279.4
308.9
367.9
426.8
483.9
519.3
575.8
632.4
688.9
745.5
802.0
858.6
915.1
971.7
1028.2
1084.8
1141.3
1197.9
1254.4
1311.0
1367.5
1424.1
1480.6
10
172.0
180.1
189.2
197.5
205.7
221.9
240.7
257.2
273.6
290.0
322.7
355.5
421.0
486.5
550.0
589.2
652.1
714.9
777.7
840.6
903.4
966.2
1029.1
1091.9
1154.7
1217.6
1280.4
1343.2
1406.1
1468.9
1531.7
1594.6
1657.4
11
202.7
211.6
221.6
230.7
239.7
257.6
278.3
296.5
314.4
332.5
368.5
404.6
476.6
548.7
618.5
661.7
730.8
799.9
869.0
938.1
1007.2
1076.4
1145.5
1214.6
1283.7
1352.8
1421.9
1491.1
1560.2
1629.3
1698.4
1767.5
1836.6
12
235.9
245.6
256.5
266.5
276.3
295.8
318.3
338.2
357.8
377.5
416.7
456.1
534.7
613.3
689.5
736.6
812.0
887.4
962.8
1038.2
1113.6
1189.0
1264.4
1339.8
1415.2
1490.6
1566.0
1641.4
1716.8
1792.2
1867.6
1942.9
2018.3
21
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cutting Charts
Aerogel Insulation Cladding Cut Chart
Return to table of contents
22
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cutting Charts
Aerogel Insulation Metal Elbow Chart
Return to table of contents
23
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Cutting Charts
Aerogel Miter Chart
Aerogel Miter Chart
Pipe
Size
Heel
3
2.54
3.5
2.93
4
2.22
4.5
2.48
5
2.74
6
2.45
7
2.84
8
3.23
9
3.63
10
4.02
11
4.41
12
4.81
14
4.47
15
4.79
16
5.10
17
5.41
18
5.73
19
6.04
20
6.36
21
6.67
22
6.99
Pipe
Size Heel
3
2.82
3.5
3.21
4
2.40
4.5
2.67
5
2.93
6
2.59
7
2.98
8
3.37
9
3.77
10
4.16
11
4.55
12
4.94
14
4.58
15
4.90
16
5.21
17
5.53
18
5.84
19
6.15
20
6.47
21
6.78
22
7.10
Aerogel Thickness (mm)
12 mm
16 mm
18 mm
20 mm
22 mm
24 mm
26 mm
28 mm
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat
4
0.99
2.60
4
0.93
2.63
4
0.90
2.67
4
0.87
2.70
4
0.84
2.73
4
0.81
8.57
4
0.78
2.79
4
0.75
4
1.19
3.00
4
1.13
3.03
4
1.10
3.06
4
1.07
3.09
4
1.03
3.12
4
1.00
8.12
4
0.97
3.18
4
0.94
6
0.92
2.26
6
0.88
2.28
6
0.86
2.30
6
0.84
2.32
6
0.82
2.34
6
0.80
7.82
6
0.78
2.38
6
0.76
6
1.05
2.52
6
1.01
2.54
6
0.99
2.56
6
0.97
2.58
6
0.95
2.60
6
0.93
7.61
6
0.91
2.64
6
0.89
6
1.19
2.78
6
1.14
2.80
6
1.12
2.82
6
1.10
2.84
6
1.08
2.87
6
1.06
7.44
6
1.04
2.91
6
1.02
8
1.09
2.48
8
1.05
2.50
8
1.04
2.51
8
1.02
2.53
8
1.01
2.54
8
0.99
7.21
8
0.98
2.57
8
0.96
8
1.28
2.87
8
1.25
2.89
8
1.24
2.90
8
1.22
2.92
8
1.20
2.93
8
1.19
7.06
8
1.17
2.97
8
1.16
8
1.48
3.27
8
1.45
3.28
8
1.43
3.30
8
1.42
3.31
8
1.40
3.33
8
1.39
6.95
8
1.37
3.36
8
1.35
8
1.67
3.66
8
1.64
3.67
8
1.63
3.69
8
1.61
3.70
8
1.60
3.72
8
1.58
6.87
8
1.57
3.75
8
1.55
8
1.87
4.05
8
1.84
4.07
8
1.82
4.08
8
1.81
4.10
8
1.79
4.11
8
1.78
6.80
8
1.76
4.14
8
1.75
8
2.07
4.44
8
2.04
4.46
8
2.02
4.47
8
2.01
4.49
8
1.99
4.51
8
1.97
6.75
8
1.96
4.54
8
1.94
8
2.26
4.84
8
2.23
4.85
8
2.22
4.87
8
2.20
4.88
8
2.19
4.90
8
2.17
6.71
8
2.16
4.93
8
2.14
10
2.12
4.50
10
2.10
4.51
10
2.09
4.52
10
2.08
4.53
10
2.06
4.55
10
2.05
6.64
10
2.04
4.57
10
2.03
10
2.28
4.81
10
2.26
4.82
10
2.24
4.84
10
2.23
4.85
10
2.22
4.86
10
2.21
6.62
10
2.20
4.89
10
2.18
10
2.44
5.13
10
2.41
5.14
10
2.40
5.15
10
2.39
5.16
10
2.38
5.17
10
2.36
6.60
10
2.35
5.20
10
2.34
10
2.60
5.44
10
2.57
5.45
10
2.56
5.46
10
2.55
5.48
10
2.53
5.49
10
2.52
6.58
10
2.51
5.51
10
2.50
10
2.75
5.75
10
2.73
5.77
10
2.72
5.78
10
2.70
5.79
10
2.69
5.80
10
2.68
6.56
10
2.67
5.83
10
2.65
10
2.91
6.07
10
2.89
6.08
10
2.87
6.09
10
2.86
6.11
10
2.85
6.12
10
2.84
6.54
10
2.82
6.14
10
2.81
10
3.07
6.38
10
3.04
6.39
10
3.03
6.41
10
3.02
6.42
10
3.01
6.43
10
2.99
6.53
10
2.98
6.46
10
2.97
10
3.22
6.70
10
3.20
6.71
10
3.19
6.72
10
3.17
6.73
10
3.16
6.75
10
3.15
6.52
10
3.14
6.77
10
3.13
10
3.38
7.01
10
3.36
7.02
10
3.34
7.04
10
3.33
7.05
10
3.32
7.06
10
3.31
6.51
10
3.29
7.08
10
3.28
32 mm
36 mm
38 mm
40 mm
42 mm
48 mm
30 mm
50 mm
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat Heel
# Throat
4
0.71
2.85
4
0.68
2.91
4
0.62
2.94
4
0.59
2.97
4
0.56
3.01
4
0.53
3.10
4
0.44
3.13
4
0.41
4
0.91
3.24
4
0.88
3.31
4
0.82
3.34
4
0.79
3.37
4
0.76
3.40
4
0.73
3.49
4
0.63
3.52
4
0.60
6
0.74
2.42
6
0.72
2.47
6
0.68
2.49
6
0.66
2.51
6
0.63
2.53
6
0.61
2.59
6
0.55
2.61
6
0.53
6
0.87
2.69
6
0.85
2.73
6
0.81
2.75
6
0.79
2.77
6
0.77
2.79
6
0.75
2.85
6
0.68
2.87
6
0.66
6
1.00
2.95
6
0.98
2.99
6
0.94
3.01
6
0.92
3.03
6
0.90
3.05
6
0.88
3.11
6
0.81
3.13
6
0.79
8
0.95
2.60
8
0.93
2.63
8
0.90
2.65
8
0.88
2.67
8
0.87
2.68
8
0.85
2.73
8
0.81
2.74
8
0.79
8
1.14
3.00
8
1.13
3.03
8
1.10
3.04
8
1.08
3.06
8
1.07
3.07
8
1.05
3.12
8
1.00
3.14
8
0.99
8
1.34
3.39
8
1.32
3.42
8
1.29
3.44
8
1.28
3.45
8
1.26
3.47
8
1.25
3.51
8
1.20
3.53
8
1.18
8
1.54
3.78
8
1.52
3.81
8
1.49
3.83
8
1.47
3.84
8
1.46
3.86
8
1.44
3.91
8
1.40
3.92
8
1.38
8
1.73
4.17
8
1.72
4.21
8
1.69
4.22
8
1.67
4.24
8
1.65
4.25
8
1.64
4.30
8
1.59
4.31
8
1.58
8
1.93
4.57
8
1.91
4.60
8
1.88
4.61
8
1.87
4.63
8
1.85
4.64
8
1.84
4.69
8
1.79
4.71
8
1.77
8
2.12
4.96
8
2.11
4.99
8
2.08
5.01
8
2.06
5.02
8
2.05
5.04
8
2.03
5.08
8
1.99
5.10
8
1.97
10
2.01
4.60
10
2.00
4.62
10
1.98
4.63
10
1.96
4.65
10
1.95
4.66
10
1.94
4.70
10
1.90
4.71
10
1.89
10
2.17
4.91
10
2.16
4.94
10
2.13
4.95
10
2.12
4.96
10
2.11
4.97
10
2.10
5.01
10
2.06
5.02
10
2.05
10
2.33
5.22
10
2.32
5.25
10
2.29
5.26
10
2.28
5.27
10
2.27
5.29
10
2.25
5.32
10
2.22
5.34
10
2.20
10
2.48
5.54
10
2.47
5.56
10
2.45
5.58
10
2.44
5.59
10
2.42
5.60
10
2.41
5.64
10
2.37
5.65
10
2.36
10
2.64
5.85
10
2.63
5.88
10
2.60
5.89
10
2.59
5.90
10
2.58
5.91
10
2.57
5.95
10
2.53
5.96
10
2.52
10
2.80
6.17
10
2.79
6.19
10
2.76
6.20
10
2.75
6.22
10
2.74
6.23
10
2.72
6.27
10
2.69
6.28
10
2.68
10
2.96
6.48
10
2.94
6.51
10
2.92
6.52
10
2.91
6.53
10
2.89
6.54
10
2.88
6.58
10
2.84
6.59
10
2.83
10
3.11
6.80
10
3.10
6.82
10
3.08
6.83
10
3.06
6.84
10
3.05
6.86
10
3.04
6.89
10
3.00
6.91
10
2.99
10
3.27
7.11
10
3.26
7.13
10
3.23
7.15
10
3.22
7.16
10
3.21
7.17
10
3.20
7.21
10
3.16
7.22
10
3.15
Return to table of contents
24
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Equipment Procedures
This section covers the installation of aerogel insulation for tanks and vessels. Because of the variety in shape and design
of tanks and vessels, some modifications to these instructions may be necessary. The following application procedures are
intended to be used as a guideline and are not intended to act as the only form of installation.
Preparation
Ensure that pressure testing of equipment has been completed prior to installing insulation.
Ensure that all equipment surfaces over which insulation is to be installed are clean and dry.
Ensure that insulation is clean, dry, and in good mechanical condition. Wet, dirty, or damaged insulation shall not be
acceptable for installation.
Standard Insulation Procedures
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Determine area to be insulated. Calculate the
circumference of the tank or vessel based on the outside
of the insulation.
Attach leading edge of aerogel insulation with
welded or self-adhesive insulation pins. Apply clips and
wrap insulation around the circumference of the tank
or vessel. If the use of pins is not possible, the aerogel
material can be held in place with bungee-type straps
until the wrap is completed and metal banding can be
applied.
For cutouts, we suggest cutting a slit in the aerogel
insulation and sliding into position. Then trim to fit the
location using a sharp knife or scissors.
Cut aerogel insulation to desired working length.
For smaller tanks or vessels, we suggest a continuous
wrap per layer. For larger tanks or vessels, we suggest
cutting aerogel insulation to the length that will be
workable for the work area.
Install welded or self-adhesive pins to the end
location adjacent the leading edge, and press over pins
and apply clips.
Apply banding around the circumference of the
tank or vessel and tighten.
NOTE: When installing multi layers of aerogel insulation, we suggest staggering the edges.
Return to table of contents
25
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Equipment Procedures
Vessel Head Installation
Cut aerogel insulation in a pie shape using one of the methods below. Because of the flexibility of aerogel material, the
large edge at the tangent line of the pie section may be much larger then normally applied with other insulation products.
Field Cut
Method
1.
2.
3.
4.
Measure the distance from the tangent line
to the center of the head.
Cut aerogel material to the desired width
at the tangent line. Mark both edges back to the
center line at the other edge of the material,
creating a pie shape.
Cut aerogel material to the length as
measured from tangent line to head center.
Attach aerogel material at the center point
for the head using insulation weld or stick pins.
Pull back to the tangent line, and attach with
the same method at this location. If the use of
pins is not an option, this can be done with the
use of a choker system around the tangent line
with wire or banding pulled over the installed
pie section to hold in place.
5.
Continue installing the same size pie
sections at each quarter of the head section. Fill
in the remaining sections with the same size pie
pieces until they will no longer fit. At this point
it will require trimming of the pieces to fit in the
sections that are now existing.
Return to table of contents
26
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Equipment Procedures
Vessel Head Installation
Shop Cut
Method
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Measure the distance from the tangent line
to the center of the head.
Determine circumference on the outside of
the aerogel material.
Determine the center point of the head,
and divide by the number of required pieces.
Cut aerogel material to the length as
measured from tangent line to head center.
Determine the desired working size of the
material at the tangent line, and divide by the
circumference to determine the required pieces.
With the determined measurements of
tangent line and center section, mark these on
the sheet one at each end, and cut the required
amount.
7.
Attach aerogel material at the center
point for the head using insulation weld or stick
pins. Pull back to the tangent line, and attach
with the same method at this location. If the
use of pins is not an option, this can be done
with the use of a choker system around the
tangent line with wire or banding pulled over
the installed pie section to hold in place.
Return to table of contents
27
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Equipment Procedures
Transitions and Cones
1.
Determine length of sloped surface.
2.
3.
Determine circumference of vessel or tank.
4.
Divide the circumference by the desired work width
of aerogel material to determine the required pieces.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Determine circumference at the bottom of the
cone.
Attach aerogel material at the center point for
the cone using insulation weld or stick pins. Pull back
to the tangent line, and attach with the same method
at this location. If the use of pins is not an option, this
can be done with the use of a choker system around
the tangent line with wire or banding pulled over the
installed pie section to hold in place.
Return to table of contents
Cut aerogel material to the determined length.
Mark each end of cut aerogel material and cut into
pie shape.
Install metal cladding to required specifications and
seal with specification approved sealant.
28
PIPE AND EQUIPMENT INSULATION
Preferred Installation Manual
Aspen Aerogels, Inc.
30 Forbes Road, Building B
Northborough, MA 01532
USA
Return to table of contents
Phone:
Fax:
E-Mail:
Web:
508.691.1111
508.691.1200
[email protected]
www.aerogel.com
Aspen Aerogels is a registered trademark
of Aspen Aerogels, Inc.
© 2010 Aspen Aerogels, Inc.
REV 4.1
29
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