Dictionary of Computer and Internet Terms (Words R Us Computer

Dictionary of Computer and Internet Terms (Words R Us Computer
DictionaryofComputerandInternet
Terms
(Vol.1)
JohnC.Rigdon,
Editor
DictionaryofComputerandInternetTerms
1stEdition–AUG20160/0/0/CS
ThisdictionaryisadaptedfromMicrosoftLanguagePortalwithadditionsandeditsby
JohnC.Rigdon.
©2016EasternDigitalResources.AllRightsReserved.Nopartofthisbookmaybe
reproducedbyanymeanswithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofthecopyrightholder.
“EntriesfromtheMicrosoftLanguagePortal.©2016MicrosoftCorporation.Allrights
reserved.”DistributionreleasebyMicrosoft.See
https://www.microsoft.com/Language/en-US/LicenseAgreement.aspx
Publishedby:
EasternDigitalResources
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Overview
Thisdictionarycontainsover32,000termsthatarespecifictoComputersand
theInternet.Eachtermincludesadefinition/description.Withmorethan
750pages,thisdictionaryisoneofthemostcomprehensiveresources
available.
Termsrelatetoapplications,commands,functions,operatingsystems,image
processingandnetworking.
Nootherdictionaryofcomputingtermsevencomesclosetothebreadthof
thisone.Itisdesignedtobeusedbyeveryonefromthenoviceseekingthe
mostbasicinformation…tothemainframesystemsprogrammerandMIS
professionallookingforsophisticatedandhard-to-findinformationthat’snot
availableinmostreferencebooks.It’sallhereinoneindispensablereference
source.
·artificialintelligence.
·computer-integratedmanufacturing
·datacommunication
·databases
·distributeddataprocessing
·fiberoptics
·fundamentalterms
·localareanetworks
·multimedia
·officeautomation
·opensystemsinterconnection
·peripheralequipment
·personalcomputing
·processingunits
·programming
·systemdevelopment
·textprocessing
Thisdictionaryisidealnotonlyforstudentsofcomputingbutforthose
studyingtherelatedfieldsofInformationTechnology,mathematics,physics,
mediacommunications,electronicengineering,andnaturalsciences.
Wealsopublishacompanionvolume(Vol.2)ofComputerAcronymsand
Abbreviationswithanadditional4,500terms.Volume2alsoincludesa
sectiononfilenameextensionsshowingthemostcommonlyusedextensions
andtheirassociationwithvarioussoftwaresystems.
Thisdictionaryisavailableinmorethan100languages.Seeourwebsitefor
pricingandavailability.
http://www.wordsrus.info/catalog/computer_dictionary.html
Abbreviationsused:
(n)–noun
(pn)–ProperName
(v)–verb
(adj)–adjective
(oth)–other
MiscellaneousTerms
8.3(oth)~ThestandardformatforfilenamesinMS-DOSandWindows3.1.Afilename
witheightorfewercharacters,followedbyaperiod(dot),followedbyathree-character
filenameextension.
$OEM$(n)~ThenameofafolderthatincludesadditionalfilesfortheWindows
installation.
%SYSTEMROOT%(n)~ThepathandfoldernamewheretheWindowssystemfilesare
located.Typically,thisisC:\Windows,althoughyoucandesignateadifferentdriveor
folderwhenyouinstallWindows.Youcanusethevalue%systemroot%toreplacethe
actuallocationofthefolderthatcontainstheWindowssystemfiles.Toidentifyyour
systemrootfolder,clickStart,clickRun,type%systemroot%,andthenclickOK.
%WINDIR%(n)~Thesystemenvironmentvariablethatpointstothedirectorywhere
Windowsisinstalled,mostcommonlyC:\Windows.
0or1Matches(n)~AmenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchforapatternAtobe
representedinpatternB0or1times.Patternscouldbestrings,characters,etc.For
example,ifyouwanttofindanystringsthatmeetthecriteriaAB0or1matchesinstring’
0orMoreMatches(n)~AmenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchforapatternAtobe
representedinpatternB0ormoretimes.Patternscouldbestrings,characters,etc.
1on1(n)~?AcuratedtimewhenCortanabringshigh-priorityorhigh-impactinformation
totheuserandtakesthetimetolearnmoreabouttheuserbasedoninferencesshe’s
workingon.
1orMoreMatches(oth)~AmenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchforapatternAtobe
representedinpatternB1ormoretimes.Patternscouldbestrings,characters,etc.
100%stackedbarchart(n)~Abarchartsubtypethatcomparesthepercentagethateach
valuecontributestoatotalacrosscategories.
100%stackedcolumnchart(n)~Acolumnchartsubtypethatcomparesthepercentage
thateachvaluecontributestoatotalacrosscategories.
100baseT(n)~TheEthernetstandardforlocalareanetworksusingtwisted-paircable
carryingdataat100megabitspersecond(Mbps).
1099report(n)~AreporttotheU.S.InternalRevenueService(IRS)ona1099form.A
1099formisusedtoreportnon-employeeincomeandisfiledonacalendaryearbasis.
TheIRSproducesvarioustypesof1099forms,includingDividend(1099-DIV),Interest
(1099-INT),Miscellaneous(1099-MISC),andRetirement(1099-R).
10base2(oth)~TheEthernetandIEEE802.3standardforbasebandLANs(localarea
networks)usingathincoaxialcable(3/16inch)upto200meterslongandcarrying10
Mbps(megabitspersecond)inabustopology.Anetworknodeisconnectedtothecable
byaBNCconnectorontheadaptercard.
12+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGamingInformation
(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
12+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbyUnterhaltungssoftwareSelbstkontrolle
(USK).
128-bitencryption(n)~Ahighlevelofencryptionthatusesa128-bitkeytoscramblethe
contentsofafileordatapackettomakethedataunreadablewithoutthedecryptionkey.
128-bitSSLencryption(n)~AnencryptionlevelusedforSSL.Thenumberreferstothe
lengthofthekey,sothehigherthenumber,themoredifficulttheencryptionistobreak.
12-MonthPlan(n)~AmonthlycommitmenttoMicrosoftAzurefor12months.Thereare
twosubscriptionoptions:PayMonthlyandPre-Pay.
15+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheBritishBoardofFilmClassification
(BBFC).
16+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGamingInformation
(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
16+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbyUnterhaltungssoftwareSelbstkontrolle
(USK).
18+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGamingInformation
(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
1-byteunsignedInteger(n)~Anintegerdatatypethathasapositivevaluerangingfrom
0to255.
1-Dshape(n)~Eitherastraightlineyoudraworashapethathasabeginningpointand
endingpointandcanbegluedbetweentwoshapestoconnectthem.
1MEvents(n)~Aunitofmeasureofthe‘PremiumOverageEvents’and‘Standard
OverageEvents’resourcesofthe‘ApplicationInsights’servicetypeofthe‘VisualStudio’
servicefor‘Pay-As-You-Go’billingbasedonthenumberofeventsproducedusing1Mas
baseline.
1MQueries(n)~AunitofmeasureforDNSQueries(1M)resourceoftheDNSservice
typeoftheNetworkingservice.
2007Microsoft-®Officesystem(PN)~AversionoftheintegratedsystemofMicrosoft
coredesktopproductivitytools,programs,servers,andservicesdesignedforinformation
work.
21CFRPart11(PN)~AFoodandDrugAdministration(FDA)regulation,Title21ofthe
CongressionalFederalRecord,Part11.Thisregulationspecifiestheconditionsand
criteriafordeterminingthevalidityandtrustworthinessofelectronicsignaturesand
processes.
2-bytesignedInteger(n)~Anautomationintegerdatatypethatcanbeeitherpositiveor
negative.Themostsignificantbitisthesignbit,whichis1fornegativevaluesand0for
positivevalues.Thestoragesizeoftheintegeris2bytes.A2-bytesignedintegercanhave
arangefrom-32,768to32,767.
2-D(oth)~Existinginreferencetotwomeasures,suchasheightandwidth—forexample,
atwo-dimensionalmodeldrawnwithreferencetoanx-axisanday-axis,oratwodimensionalarrayofnumbersplacedinrowsandcolumns.
2-Dchart(n)~Achartthatrepresentsdataontwoaxes,xandy,anddisplayschart
objectsinflatgraphicalformatting.
2-Dshape(n)~Ashapethathasfourselectionhandlesthatyoucanusetoresizetheshape
proportionally.
2-elementconstraint(n)~Aconstraintthatappliestotwoelements,suchastwoclasses
ortwoassociations.Theconstraintisshownasadashedarrowfromoneelementtothe
other,labeledbytheconstraintstringinbraces({}).
2-in-1(n)~Acomputerthathaspropertiesbothofatabletandalaptop.
2PC(n)~Aprotocolthatensuresthattransactionsthatapplytomorethanoneserverare
completedonallserversornoneatall.Two-phasecommitiscoordinatedbythe
transactionmanagerandsupportedbyresourcemanagers.
2-waypaging(n)~Asystemthatallowsuserstosendandreceivemessageswhentheyare
outofrange.
3+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGamingInformation
(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
32bitmachine(n)~Acomputerthatworkswithdataingroupsof32bitsatatime.The
AppleMacintoshIIandhighermodelsare32-bitmachines,intermsofboththewordsize
oftheirmicroprocessorsandthesizeofthedatabuses,asarecomputersbasedontheIntel
80386andhigher-levelmicroprocessors.
3270emulator(n)~Softwarethatenablesamicrocomputertoactasa3270terminal.
Emulatorsoftwarecanalsoenableadesktopcomputertosendprintjobsfromahost
systemtoaprinterconnectedtothemicrocomputer.
3270terminalemulation(n)~Theuseofsoftwarethatenablesamicrocomputertoactas
a3270terminal.Emulationsoftwarecanalsoenableamicrocomputertosendprintjobs
fromahostsystemtoaprinterconnectedtothemicrocomputer.
3D(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orbeinganobjectorimagehavingorappearingtohaveall
threespatialdimensions(length,width,anddepth).
3-D(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orbeinganobjectorimagehavingorappearingtohaveall
threespatialdimensions(length,width,anddepth).
3DBuilder(PN)~Anapptocreate,print,andscanin3D.
3-Dcolumnchart(n)~Acolumnchartsubtypethatcomparesdatapointsalongtwoaxes.
3Ddisplaycontroller(n)~Adisplaycontrollerthatsupports3Doperations.
3-Deffect(n)~Adiagrammingcapabilitythatshowschartsinthreedimensions.
3DHumanBody(PN)~Afeaturethatallowsausertoexplorehumananatomywith3D
imaging.
3Dmodel(n)~Acomputersimulationofaphysicalobjectinwhichlength,width,and
deptharerealattributes:amodel,withx-,y-,andz-axes,thatcanberotatedforviewing
fromdifferentangles.
3Dobject(n)~Adigitalrepresentationofathree-dimensionalobjectthatcanberendered
onacomputerscreenusingspecializedsoftware.Themostcommonfileformatisthe.obj
fileformat.
3-Dreference(n)~Areferencetoarangethatspanstwoormoreworksheetsina
workbook.
3-Dwallsandfloor(n)~Theareassurroundingmany3-Dcharttypesthatgivedimension
andboundariestothechart.Twowallsandoneflooraredisplayedwithintheplotarea.
3DES(n)~AnencryptionalgorithmbasedontheDataEncryptionStandard(DES).
3G(PN)~Thethirdgenerationofdigitalwirelesstechnology,asdefinedbythe
InternationalTelecommunicationsUnion(ITU).Thirdgenerationtechnologyisexpected
todeliverdatatransmissionspeedsbetween144Kbps(kilobitspersecond)and2Mbps
(megabitspersecond),comparedtothe9.6Kbpsto19.2Kbpsofferedbysecond
generationtechnology.WesternEuropeandJapanleadtheworldinadoptionof3G
technologyandservices.
3Gconnection(n)~Aconnectionthatenablesthetransferofinformationusingthe3G
technology.
3-legconfiguration(n)~Aperimeternetworkwheretheserveractingasafirewallhas
threenetworkcards:onefortheinternalnetwork,onefortheintranet,andonefora
protectedperimeternetworkserver.
3PL(n)~Apartythatprovideslogisticsservicestocustomers.
404error~Anerrormessagereceivedwhenyoutrytoaccessawebpagethateither
doesn’texistorisunavailableattheaddressyougave.
40-bitencryption(n)~Alowlevelofencryptionthatusesa40-bitkeytoscramblethe
contentsofafileordatapackettomakethedataunreadablewithoutthedecryptionkey.
4-bytesignedInteger(n)~AnAutomationintegerdatatypethatcanbeeitherpositiveor
negative.Themostsignificantbitisthesignbit,whichis1fornegativevaluesand0for
positivevalues.Thestoragesizeoftheintegeris4bytes.A4-bytesignedintegercanhave
arangefrom-2,147,483,648to2,147,483,647.
52-weekhigh(PN)~Thehighestpricethatastockhastradedatduringtheprevious52
weeks.
52-weeklow(PN)~Thelowestpricethatastockhastradedatduringtheprevious52
weeks.
6-MonthPlan(n)~AmonthlycommitmenttoMicrosoftAzurefor6months.Thereare
twosubscriptionoptions:PayMonthlyandPre-Pay.
6/12-MonthPlan(PN)~Amonetarymonthlypre-paycommitmenttoWindowsAzure.
Thisofferisnolongeravailabletonewsubscribers.
6+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbyUnterhaltungssoftwareSelbstkontrolle
(USK).
64bitmachine(n)~Acomputerthatworkswithdataingroupsof64bitsatatime.A
computermaybeconsidereda64-bitmachineeitherbecauseitsCPUoperatesinternally
on64-bitwordsorbecauseitsdatabuscantransfer64bitsatatime.A64-bitCPUthus
hasawordsizeof64bits,or8bytes;a64-bitdatabushas64datalines,soitferries
informationthroughthesysteminsetsof64bitsatatime.Examplesof64-bitarchitecture
includetheAlphaAXPfromDigitalEquipmentCorporation,theUltraworkstationfrom
SunMicrosystems,Inc.,andthePowerPC620fromMotorolaandIBM.
64-bit(adj)~Of,pertainingto,ordescriptiveoftheamountofdata-64bits,or8bytesthatcertaincomputersystemsorprogramscanprocessatonetime.
7+(oth)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGamingInformation
(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
802.1X(n)~AnInstituteofElectricalandElectronicsEngineers(IEEE)standardthat
definesport-basednetworkaccesscontrolwhicheitherallowsordeniesconnection
requeststoIEEE802.3wiredEthernetnetworksorIEEE802.11wirelessnetworks.
802.1X-capableswitch(n)~AnetworkaccessserverthatadherestoboththeInstituteof
ElectricalandElectronicsEngineers(IEEE)802.1XandtheRemoteAuthenticationDialinUserService(RADIUS)standards,andthatisdeployedinnetworkstoenforce802.1X
authenticatedIEEE802.3wiredEthernetaccess.
802.1X-capablewirelessaccesspoint(n)~Anetworkaccessserverthatadherestoboth
theInstituteofElectricalandElectronicsEngineers(IEEE)802.1XandtheRemote
AuthenticationDial-inUserService(RADIUS)standards,andthatisdeployedin
networkstoenforce802.1XauthenticatedIEEE802.3wiredEthernetaccess.
80211a,80211b,80211g,80211i,80211n~Differentstandardsforoperatingwireless
networks(Wi-Fi).Looselythehighertheletter,thefasterthespeed.
80286,80386,80486(or286,386,486)~ThreegenerationsofPC-processor,nowpretty
muchobsolete,theancestorsofIntel’s-Pentium.The286wastheearliestprocessorable
torun(justabout)aversionof-Windows,althoughthe386wasreallytheminimumtorun
itproperly.The486wastheearliestprocessorabletorun-Windows95--justabout.
MachinesofthisvintagecannotrunmodernversionsofWindowsatall,butmanyarestill
inuseasbasicword-processorsorwhereadedicatedmachineisrequiredwhichdoesn’t
needtobepowerful.
8-bitcolor(n)~Adisplaysettingthatholdsupto256specificcolorentries.Anycolor
paletteattachedtoapictureisbydefinitionan8-bitpalette.
9+participants(PN)~Anindicatorthatisdisplayedinthemeetingrosterwhenthereare
morethannineparticipantsinthemeeting.
90DayFreeTrial(n)~Theofferthatprovidesafreetrialfor90daysforanynew
customer.Itisnownolongeravailabletonewsubscribers.
A~
A(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheComputerEntertainmentRating
Organization(CERO).
Acappella(Adverb)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassification
inWindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audio
files.WinampgenreID#123.
Arecord(n)~AtypeofresourcerecordintheDomainNameSystemthatassociatesa
specificIPaddresswithadomainname.Thisistherecordthatcontainstheinformation
thatconnectsyourdomainnametoyouractualWebsitecontentwhenpeopletypeyour
domainnameintoabrowser.
A/P(n)~Agroupofpostingaccountsthatshowtheamountsowedtosuppliersor
creditorsforgoods,supplies,orservicespurchasedoncredit.
A/R(n)~Agroupofpostingaccountsthatshowtheamountscustomersoweforservices
orsalesmadeoncredit.
A/VConferencingEdgeServer(n)~AnOfficeCommunicationsServerthatresidesin
theperimeternetworkandprovidesasingletrustedpointthroughwhichmediatrafficcan
traverseNATsandfirewalls.
A/VConferencingEdgeservice(n)~AnOfficeCommunicationsServerthatresidesin
theperimeternetworkandprovidesasingletrustedpointthroughwhichmediatrafficcan
traverseNATsandfirewalls.
A/VEdgeserver(n)~Enablesinternaluserstoshareaudioandvideodatawithexternal
users(thatis,userswhoarenotloggedontoyourinternalnetwork).
A1notation(n)~Analphanumericconventionforreferencingthelocationofcellsina
worksheet.Thecolumnisrepresentedbyaletter(AthroughIV,foratotalof256
columns)andtherowisrepresentedbyanumber(1through65536).
A2HDInsight(n)~ThesizeandoptionsforMicrosoft’sWindowsversionofHadoopon
Azureimplementation.
A2HDInsight(Non-Windows)(n)~ThesizeandoptionsforMicrosoft’snon-Windows
versionofHadooponAzureimplementation.
A2Aintegration(n)~Theprocessofcoordinatingtheoperationofthevariousprograms,
databases,andexistingtechnologiesofabusinessorenterprisesothattheyfunctionasan
efficient,business-widesystem.
A3270(n)~TheservertransactionprogramfortheAPPC3270TerminalEmulator
facility.
AA(n)~Asoftwaretechniqueforsmoothingthejaggedappearanceofcurvedordiagonal
linescausedbypoorresolutiononadisplayscreen.Methodsofanti-aliasinginclude
surroundingpixelswithintermediateshadesandmanipulatingthesizeandhorizontal
alignmentofthepixels.
AADSync(PN)~Asoftwaretoolforconnectingtodatasources,synchronizingdata
betweendatasources,aswellastheprovisioninganddeprovisioningofidentities.
AADRM(PN)~TheMicrosofttechnologythatallowscustomerstoprotecttheirdataby
encryptingandmanagingaccessrightsindocumentauthoring,email,andpublishing.
AADSync(PN)~Asoftwaretoolforconnectingtodatasources,synchronizingdata
betweendatasources,aswellastheprovisioninganddeprovisioningofidentities.
AAL(n)~Thelayeroftheasynchronoustransfermode(ATM)protocolstackthatparses
dataintothepayloadportionoftheATMcellfortransportacrossanATMnetwork.
AAM(n)~AsecurityfeatureofWindowsthatallowsadministratorstoperformnormal
day-to-daytaskswhilerunningwithastandardusertoken.Ifadministratorprivilegesare
neededforanoperation,theadministratorwillbenotifiedandaskedtoprovideeither
consentorcredentials,dependingonsystempolicysettings.
abandon(v)~Toterminatethecurrentactionbeforeitiscomplete.
ABAP(PN)~AprogramminglanguagefordevelopingapplicationsfortheSAPmySAP
ERP2004system.
ABCclassification(n)~Asystemforrankingdiscretecategoriesofitemsaccordingto
Pareto’s80/20principlethatstatesthatasmallpercentageofitemsaccountforthelargest
fractionofsignificance.
ABCcode(n)~AclassifierthatnamescategoriesinanABCclassification.
ABCcodeforcarryingcostclassification(n)~Aclassifierthatnamescategoriesinan
ABCclassificationthatranksdiscretecategoriesofitemsaccordingtotheircarryingcost.
ABCcodeforcontributionmargin(n)~AclassifierthatnamescategoriesinanABC
classificationthatranksdiscretecategoriesofitemsaccordingtotheircontributionmargin.
ABCcodeforrevenue(n)~AclassifierthatnamescategoriesinanABCclassification
thatranksdiscretecategoriesofitemsaccordingtotheirrevenue.
ABCcodevalue(n)~Thecategorizationofaninventoryitembasedonitsvalue
comparedtothetotalinventoryonhand.
abend(n)~Theprematureendingofaprogrambecauseofaprogramerrororsystem
failure.
ABEND(n)~Theprematureendingofaprogrambecauseofaprogramerrororsystem
failure.
ABN(PN)~An11-digitnumberissuedbytheAustralianTaxationOfficeAustralian
BusinessRegistertoanyentitiesregisteredtocarryonanenterpriseinAustralia.
abort(v)~Toterminateabruptly,oftenusedinreferencetoaprogramorprocedurein
progress.
About(PN)~AnitemontheHelpmenuthatopenstheAboutdialogbox,whichincludes
thecopyright,licensing,andlicensetermsfortheproduct.
About(PN)~ThelinkgroupthatincludeslinkstotheAboutHotmailwebpage,the
What’sNewwebpage,andsoon.
about(PN)~ASettingsscreencontaininginformationrelatingtothephone,suchas
phonemanufacturer,availablestorage,OSversion,etc.
AboutMicrosoftOfficeCommunicator(n)~AnitemontheHelpmenuthatopensthe
Aboutdialogbox,whichincludesthecopyright,licensing,andlicensetermsfor
Communicator.
ABR(n)~Arouterthatisattachedtomultipleareas.Areaborderroutersmaintain
separatetopologicaldatabasesforeacharea.
absoluteaddress(n)~Anabsolute(machine)addressspecifyingaphysicallocationin
memory.
absolutecategorizationrating(n)~Amethodofevaluatingtransmittedvoicequality
wheresubjectsrate(from1to5)shortgroupsofunrelatedsentencesundercontrolled
conditions.
absolutecategoryrating(n)~Amethodofevaluatingtransmittedvoicequalitywhere
subjectsrate(from1to5)shortgroupsofunrelatedsentencesundercontrolledconditions.
absolutecellreference(n)~Inaformula,theexactaddressofacell,regardlessofthe
positionofthecellthatcontainstheformula.
absolutelink(n)~Ahyperlinktotheexactlocationofafileonafileserver,theWorld
WideWeb,oracompanyintranet.Absolutelinksuseanexactpath;ifanyonemovesthe
filecontainingthehyperlinkorahyperlinkdestination,thelinkbreaks.
absolutepath(n)~Apathtoafilethatbeginswiththedriveidentifierandrootdirectory
orwithanetworkshareandendswiththecompletefilename(forexample,
C:\docs\work\contract.txtor\netshare\docs\work\contract.txt).
absolutepointingdevice(n)~Amechanicalorphysicalpointingdevicewhoselocationis
associatedwiththepositionoftheon-screencursor.Forexample,iftheuserofagraphics
tabletplacesthepenontheupperrightcornerofthetablet,thecursormovestotheupper
rightcornerofthescreenoron-screenwindowassociatedwiththepen.
absolutepositioning(n)~Placementofanelementrelativetoeithertheelement’sparent
or,ifthereisn’tone,thebody.Valuesfortheelement’sLeftandToppropertiesarerelative
totheupper-leftcorneroftheelement’sparent.
absolutereference(n)~Inaformula,theexactaddressofacell,regardlessoftheposition
ofthecellthatcontainstheformula.
absolutesecuritydescriptor(n)~Asecuritydescriptorstructurethatcontainspointersto
thesecurityinformationassociatedwithanobject.
absoluteURL(n)~ThefullInternetaddressofapageorotherWorldWideWebresource.
TheabsoluteURLincludesaprotocol,suchashttp
abstract(n)~Ashortsummaryofthecontentsofadocumentthatgivesthereaderaquick
overviewofitstopicandpurpose.
abstractapplicationdefinition(n)~Theabstracttypeofanapplication,whichdefines
commoncharacteristicsofaclassofapplications.
abstractclass(n)~Agenericclassthatisusedonlyasatemplateforderivedclasses,and
thatcannotbeinstantiated.
abstractclass(n)~Inobject-orientedprogramming,aclassinwhichnoobjectscanbe
created.Itis,however,usedtodefinedsubclasses,andobjectsarecreatedfromthe
subclasses.
abstractdefinition(n)~Thedefinitionofaclassof(concrete)definitions,which
describescharacteristicscommontoallinstancesoftheabstractdefinition.
abstractendpointdefinition(n)~Theabstracttypeofanendpoint,whichdefines
commoncharacteristicsofaclassofendpoints.Examplesinclude,WebSiteEndpoint,
HttpClientEndpoint,HttpServerEndpoint.
abstractserverdefinition(n)~Theabstracttypeofanapplicationserver,whichdefines
commoncharacteristicsofaclassoflogicalapplicationserversincludingthesetof
supportedabstractendpointdefinitions.
abusealias(n)~Ane-mailaliasforExchangeHostedServicesdesignedtoreceivespam
submissionsfromcustomers.
AC(n)~Electriccurrentthatreversesitsdirectionofflow(polarity)periodically
accordingtoafrequencymeasuredinhertz,orcyclespersecond.Therapidchangefrom
positivetonegativeelectricityof60ormoretimeseachsecond.
ACpowerconnector(n)~AconnectorthatisusedtoconnectanACpowercordtoa
pieceofequipment,suchasadevice,acomputer,orSurfaceunit.
AC/Mainswitch(n)~Theoverallpowercontrolforapieceofequipment,suchasa
device,acomputer,orSurfaceunit.
AcademicLibrary(n)~Asitetemplatethatoffersaprotecteddocumentlibraryfor
educationalinstitutionswherestudentscandiscover,acquire,andconsumeselected
contentthatissubjecttodigitalrightsmanagement.
ACCDEfile(n)~AnAccess2007database(.accdb)filewithallmodulescompiledand
alleditablesourcecoderemoved.
AcceleratedCostRecoverySystem(n)~Asystemofdepreciationthatassigns
depreciationmethodstodifferentclassesofassets.CreatedbytheEconomicRecovery
TaxActof1981forU.S.taxpurposesandmodifiedbytheTaxReformActof1986.
acceleratedgraphicsport(n)~Atechnologythatprovidesadedicated,high-speedport
throughwhichlargeblocksof3-Dtexturedatacanbemovedbetweenthecomputer’s
graphicscontrollerandsystemmemory.
Accelerator(PN)~AtypeofbrowserextensionthatgivesusersquickaccesstotheirWeb
andclientapplicationsfromanyWebpage.AnAcceleratorcanrunonuser-selecteddata,
links,andthecurrentdocument.Thisbrowserextensioncanprovide-€œlookup-€?service
likein-placedefinitionor-€œsend-€?servicelikesendingselectedtexttoaWebe-mail
provider.
acceleratoreditor(n)~Aresourceeditorthatallowsyoutoadd,delete,change,or
browsetheshortcutkeyassignmentsforyourproject.
accentcolor(n)~Acolorthataffectsthebackgroundandsystemcontrolsthroughoutthe
newWindowsuserinterface.
AccentProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogression,atimeline,
orsequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow.WorkswellforillustratingbothLevel1
andLevel2text.
Accents(PN)~Thetitleofascreendisplayingthelistofaccentcolors.
accept(v)~AUIelementtheuserpressestoagreetoanincomingfiletransfer,invitation,
audio/videocall,orapplicationsharing.
acceptableusepolicy(n)~Astatementissuedbyanonlineservicethatindicateswhat
activitiesusersmayormaynotengageinwhileloggedintotheservice.Forexample,
someprovidersprohibitusersfromengagingincommercialactivityonthenetwork.
acceptancecriteria(n)~Thecriteriathataproductorproductcomponentmustsatisfyto
beacceptedbyauser,customer,orotherauthorizedentity.
acceptancetesting(n)~Formaltestingconductedtoenableauser,customer,orother
authorizedentitytodeterminewhethertoacceptaproductorproductcomponent.
accepteddomain(n)~AnySMTPnamespaceforwhichanExchangeorganizationsends
andreceivese-mail.AccepteddomainsincludethosedomainsforwhichtheExchange
organizationisauthoritative.AnExchangeorganizationisauthoritativewhenithandles
maildeliveryforrecipientsintheaccepteddomain.Accepteddomainsalsoinclude
domainsforwhichtheExchangeorganizationreceivesmailandthenrelaystoane-mail
serverthatisoutsidetheActiveDirectoryforestfordeliverytotherecipient.
access(n)~Inrespecttoprivacy,anindividual’sabilitytoview,modify,andcontestthe
accuracyandcompletenessofPIIcollectedabouthimorher.Accessisanelementofthe
FairInformationPractices.
access(v)~Togainentrytomemoryinordertoreadorwritedata.
access(n)~Theactofreadingdatafromorwritingdatatomemory.
access(n)~Theabilitytoviewdataornavigatetoorwithinaphysicalorvirtualcomputer
environment.
Access2016(PN)~Theyear2016editionoftheMicrosoftrelationaldatabase
managementsystem.
accessaccount(n)~AnaccountusedtocrawlWebsites,serversandnetworkresources
includedinacontentindex.
Accessapp(n)~AnappforSharePointthatisbuiltbyusingAccessandhasitsdata
storedinSQLServerorSQLAzure.
AccessappforSharePoint(PN)~AnappforSharePointthatisbuiltbyusingAccessand
hasitsdatastoredinSQLServerorSQLAzure.
accessbar(n)~Atoolbarthatdockstothedesktop,similartothetaskbar.
accesscode(n)~Astringofcharactersenteredbyausertoverifyhisorheridentitytoa
networkortoalocalcomputer,device,orclient,ortosignintoanaccount,app,andso
on.
AccessConnectivityEngine(PN)~PartoftheAccessdatabasesystemthatretrievesand
storesdatainuserandsystemdatabases.Theenginecanbethoughtofasadatamanager
onwhichdatabasesystemsarebuilt.
accesscontrol(n)~Asecuritymechanismthatdetermineswhichoperationsauser,group,
service,orcomputerisauthorizedtoperformonacomputeroronaparticularobject,such
asafile,printer,registrysubkey,ordirectoryserviceobject.
AccessControl(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicethatprovidesfederatedauthentication
andrules-driven,claims-basedauthorizationforRESTWebservices.
accesscontrolentry(n)~Anentryineitherasecurableobject’sdiscretionaryaccess
controllist(DACL)oranobject’ssystemaccesscontrollist(SACL).InaDACL,the
entrygrantsordeniespermissionstoauserorgroup.InaSACL,theentryspecifieswhich
securityeventstoauditforaparticularuserorgrouporcontrolstheWindowsIntegrity
Levelfortheobject.
AccessControlEntryManagementView(n)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertoset
accesslevelsforagroupofcontacts.
accesscontrollist(n)~InWindows-basedsystems,alistofaccesscontrolentries(ACE)
thatapplytoanentireobject,asetoftheobject’sproperties,oranindividualpropertyof
anobject,andthatdefinetheaccessgrantedtooneormoresecurityprincipals.
AccessControlService(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicethatprovidesfederated
authenticationandrules-driven,claims-basedauthorizationforRESTWebservices.
AccessControlTransactions(in100,000s)(PN)~Thepricingunitassociatedwiththe
offerMicrosoftAzurePay-As-You-Go(Partners).
Accessdatabaseengine(PN)~PartoftheAccessdatabasesystemthatretrievesand
storesdatainuserandsystemdatabases.Theenginecanbethoughtofasadatamanager
onwhichdatabasesystemsarebuilt.
AccessEdgeServer(n)~AservicethatrunsonLyncServerthatresidesintheperimeter
networkandroutesinstantmessaging(IM)andpresenceinformationfromexternalusers
tointernalusers.
AccessEdgeservice(n)~AservicethatrunsonLyncServerthatresidesintheperimeter
networkandroutesinstantmessaging(IM)andpresenceinformationfromexternalusers
tointernalusers.
accesskey(n)~Anycombinationofkeysthatmustbepressedsequentially.
accesslevel(n)~Asettingthatdetermineshowmuchinformationacontactcanview
aboutyou.
accesslevel(n)~Asecurityrolesettingthatdeterminesforagivenobjecttypeatwhich
levelswithintheorganizationhierarchyausercanactonthatobjecttype.
AccessLevelsManagement(PN)~AUIelementthatdisplaysauser’scontactsand
accesslevelentries(ACEs)organizedbyaccesslevel.
accessmask(n)~InWindows-basedcomputers,a32-bitvalue(abitmask)thatspecifies
thepermissionsthatareassignedinanaccesscontrolentry(ACE).Anaccessmaskisalso
partoftheaccessrequestwhenanobjectisopened.Theaccessmaskintherequestis
comparedtotheaccessmaskineachACEtodeterminewhetherornottograntthe
request.
Accessnumber(n)~Aproductthatisusedlikeacallingcard,thatallowsausertoentera
numbermanuallyanddialanyphonenumber.AnAccessnumberisatypeofSkypeTo
Gonumber.
accesspermissions(n)~Authorizationtoperformoperationsassociatedwithaspecific
sharedresource,suchasafile,directory,orprinter.Permissionsmustbegrantedbythe
systemadministratortoindividualuseraccountsoradministrativegroups.
accesspoint(n)~Adeviceusedtoconnectwirelesscomputersandotherwirelessdevices
toawirednetwork.
accesspoint(n)~OneofthefourcornerbuttonsonthescreenofaSurfaceunit.Inattract
applicationsorarunningstandardapplication,youcantouchanaccesspointtoopen
Launcher.InLauncher,youcantouchanaccesspointtocloseLauncherandreopena
runningapplication.
AccessPointName(n)~AfieldinthePropertiesdialogboxforGPRSinstallationitems
intheMobileDeploymentManagerMMCsnap-inthatenablestheusertospecifythe
wirelessaccesspointforthedevice.
accesspolicy(n)~Apolicywhichdefinesthepermissionsanddurationofaccesstoan
asset.
accessprivileges(n)~Thetypeofoperationspermittedforagivenuserofacertain
systemresourceonanetworkorafileserver.
accessprovider(n)~AbusinessthatsuppliesInternetconnectivityservicestoindividuals,
businesses,andotherorganizations.AnISPprovidesatelephonenumber,ausername,a
password,andotherconnectioninformationsothatuserscanaccesstheInternetthrough
theISP’scomputers.
AccessServices(PN)~AscalableWebplatformthatenablesuserstopublishanAccess
databaseapplicationtoaSharePointsite.Datainthesedatabasescanthenbeviewedand
editedinaWebbrowser.Thisenablesbrowser-basedviewingandinteractionwiththe
databasesonmachinesthatdonothaveadatabaseapplicationinstalled.
AccessServicesAdministration(PN)~AfeaturethatallowsadministrationofAccess
servicesthroughanadministrationinterfaceandpowershellscripts.
AccesstoAzureActiveDirectory(PN)~TheofferthatgivescustomersaccesstoAzure
ActiveDirectoryPremiumaspartoftheirvolumelicenseagreement.
accesstoken(n)~Adatastructurethatcontainsauthenticationandauthorization
informationforauser.Windowscreatestheaccesstokenwhentheuserlogsonandthe
user’sidentityisconfirmed.Theaccesstokencontainstheuser’ssecurityID(SID),the
listofgroupsthattheuserisamemberof,thelistofprivilegesheldbythatuser.Each
processorthreadstartedfortheuserinheritsacopyoftheaccesstoken.Insomecasesa
usermayhavemorethanoneaccesstoken,withdifferentlevelsofauthority.
accesstoken(n)~Adatastructurethatcontainsauthenticationandauthorization
informationforauserorapage.
accessURL(n)~TheinternalURLthatisusedbyacrawlertoidentifyandaccessan
item.
accessviolation(n)~Anattempttorunamemoryoperationthattheunderlyingpage
protectiondoesnotallow.Anaccessviolationappliestomemoryoperations,butdoesnot
applywhenthesecuritymanagerchecksuser-modeaccessrightstoobjects.
AccessWebDatasheet(PN)~AnActiveXcomponentthatisusedtoimplement
DatasheetviewinSharePoint.
AccessWebServicesAPI(PN)~AnAPIthatprovidesprogrammaticaccesstothe
capabilitiesonSharePoint.
access-basedenumeration(n)~Afeaturethatdisplaysonlythefilesandfoldersthata
userhaspermissionstoaccess.
access-deniedassistance(n)~Assistanceprovidedtouserswhoreceiveanaccessdenied’
errorwhileattemptingtoaccessafileorfolderonafileserverforwhichaccess-denied
assistancehasbeenenabledbytheadministratoroftheserver.’
accessibility(n)~Thequalityofasystemincorporatinghardwareorsoftwaretoengagea
flexible,customizableuserinterface,alternativeinputandoutputmethods,andgreater
exposureofscreenelementstomakethecomputerusablebypeoplewithcognitive,
hearing,physical,orvisualdisabilities.
AccessibilityAdvocate(PN)~AcollectionofOffice.comcontentaboutthepeopleand
toolsthatmakeworkandlifeeasierforpeoplelivingwithdisability.
accessibilityaid(n)~Autilitythatmakesacomputereasiertouseforpeoplewith
disabilities.Examplesofaccessibilityaidsincludescreenreaders,speechrecognition
programs,andon-screenkeyboards.
AccessibilityAPI(PN)~AnAPIthatcontainscontrolsandfeaturesthatfacilitate
accessibility.
AccessibilityChecker(PN)~AfeaturethathelpsusersofsomeOfficeapplicationsto
improvetheaccessibilityofdocumentstheycreate.
accessibilityfeature(n)~AsetoftechniquesthatyoucanusetomakeyourMicrosoft
Silverlight-basedapplicationsmoreaccessible.
AccessibilityScopeViewer(PN)~Thetoolthathelpsdesignersanddevelopersvisualize
theaccessibilityinformationofUIelements,asseenbyascreenreader.
AccessibilityWizard(n)~Aninteractivetoolthatmakesiteasiertosetupcommonly
usedaccessibilityfeaturesbyspecifyingoptionsbytypeofdisability,ratherthanby
numericvaluechanges.
accessor(n)~Adatastructureorgroupofstructurescreatedbytheconsumerthat
describeshowroworparameterdatafromthedatastoreistobelaidoutintheconsumer’s
databuffer,enablingproviderstooptimizeaccess.Anaccessorisacollectionofbindings.
accessory(n)~Adevice,suchasadiskdrive,printer,modem,orjoystick,thatis
connectedtoacomputerandiscontrolledbythecomputer’smicroprocessor.
accessoryapp(n)~Acompanionappforathird-partyhardwareaccessory.Thisapp
communicateswithboththephoneandahardwareaccessorytotransfernotificationdata
fromthephonetotheaccessory.
AccidentalDeletionProtection(n)~Afeaturetopreventthedirectoryfromunwanted
deletions.
account(n)~Arecord-keepingarrangementusedbythevendorofanonlineserviceto
identifyasubscriberandtomaintainarecordofcustomerusageforbillingpurposes.
account(n)~Therecord-keepingmechanismusedbynetworksandmultiuseroperating
systemsforkeepingtrackofauthorizedusers.
account(n)~Thepersonorbusinesstowhichthesalespersontriestosellaproductor
service.
account(n)~Thetypeofrecord-asset,liability,revenue,expense,orowner’sequitytraditionallyusedforrecordingindividualtransactionsinanaccountingsystem.
Account(n)~AUIelementthatlinkstoAccountServicesorother,account-relatedsite.
account(n)~Anorganization’sauthorizationtoaccesstheLiveMeetingservice.
account(n)~PrivateinformationthatacustomerprovidestoestablishtheirWindows
LiveID.Thisinformationisseparatefromthecustomer’s(outward-facing)profileandis
neversharedwithoutexplicitconsent.
account(n)~Asetofattributesthatdefineauser’saccesstoagivenserviceor
application.
account(n)~Achronologicalrecordthatdescribesthechangesinvalueclassifiedas
assets,liabilities,expenses,andrevenue.
Account(PN)~AtabintheBackstageviewwhereuserscanmanagetheiridentitiesand
services,viewlicensingdetails,andlinktoaccountmanagementfeatures.
account(n)~AfeaturethatenablestheusertoseeSkypeactivity,changesettings,and
purchaseSkypeCredit.
Account(n)~Agroupofcustomerswhosharedatarelatedtotickets,chats,emails,calls,
andownedproductsandassets.
Account(PN)~ThesectionoftheStorewhereaccountholderscanmanagetheiraccount.
accountadministrator(n)~TheonlypersonwhoisauthorizedtoaccesstotheAzure
AccountCenterandcreatesubscriptions,cancelsubscriptions,changebillingfora
subscription,changeServiceAdministrator,andmore.
accountalias(n)~A20-character‘shortname’forapostingaccountinthechartof
accounts.Iftheaccountformathasanunusuallylargenumberofsegments,entering
aliasesratherthanaccountswillspeedupdataentry.
accountbalance(n)~Thedifferencebetweenthesumofdebitentriesandthesumof
creditentriesenteredintoanaccountduringafinancialperiod.
accountcertification(n)~Theprocessthatassociatesuseraccountswithkeypairs.
accountcertificationservice(n)~AWindowsRMSWebservicethatcreatesand
distributesRMaccountcertificates.
accountcode(n)~Theuniqueidentifierforarecordthatholdsthebalancerelatingtoany
singleasset,liability,owner’sequity,revenue,orexpenseofthebusiness.
accountcodesegment(n)~Asectionofanaccountcodethatrepresentsatypeofentity
forwhichyouareaccounting.
accountdomain(n)~AWindowsNTdomainthatholdsuseraccountdata.
accountentry(n)~Arecordoftheincreaseordecreaseineconomicvalueclassifiedbya
ledgeraccount.
accountexpiration(n)~Atimelimitthatisappliedtothelifeofanaccount,sothatitcan
beusedonlyforapredeterminedperiodoftime.
accountfederationserver(n)~Thefederationserverthatislocatedinthecorporate
networkoftheaccountpartnerorganization.Theaccountfederationserverissuessecurity
tokenstousersbasedonuserauthentication.Theserverauthenticatesauser,pullsthe
relevantattributesandgroupmembershipinformationoutoftheaccountstore,and
generatesandsignsasecuritytokentoreturntotheuser-€”eithertobeusedinitsown
organizationortobesenttoapartnerorganization.
accountfederationserverproxy(n)~Thefederationserverproxythatislocatedinthe
perimeternetworkoftheaccountpartnerorganization.Theaccountfederationserver
proxycollectsauthenticationcredentialsfromaclientthatlogsonovertheInternet(or
fromtheperimeternetwork)andpassesthosecredentialstotheaccountfederationserver.
accountfororganizations(PN)~TheMicrosoftCommercePlatformportalthatgives
organizationstheabilitytoview,manage,andpurchaseMicrosoftorganizationalservices,
licenses,andsubscriptions,likeO365,WindowsIntune,andGSM,fromasinglelocation.
accountID(n)~Arecord-keepingnumberusedtoidentifyasubscriber/customerandto
maintainarecordofcustomerusageforbillingpurposes.
accountinformation(n)~Therequiredinformationprovidedinordertoauthorizeaccess
totheenterpriseapplication.
accountlinking(n)~TheprocessoflinkingWindowsuseraccountstoWindowsLiveIDs
orotheronlineaccounts,allowingseamlessinteractionbetweenthetwoauthentication
models.Asaresult,userscanbeautomaticallyloggedintotheironlineserviceswhen
loggingintoWindows.TheycanalsosharewithotherusersbasedontheirWindowsLive
IDs(orother),grantingthemspecificpermissionstofilesandfolders(readonly,readwrite,etc.).
accountlockout(n)~AWindowssecurityfeaturethatlocksauseraccountifanumberof
failedlogonattemptsoccurwithinaspecifiedamountoftime,basedonsecuritypolicy
lockoutsettings.Lockedaccountscannotlogon.
accountmanager(n)~AMicrosoftemployeewhoistheprimarycontactforthebusiness
relationshipbetweentheOEMandMicrosoft.
accountmanager(n)~Thepersonwhosetsupandmaintainsthesystemsandrecords
relatedtoauthorizedusersofmulti-usercomputernetworksoroperatingsystems.
accountmapping(n)~Specifiesmapsbetweentextinpaymentdescriptionsandthedebit
orcreditaccountthatyouwantthepaymenttobematchedwithwhenyouusetheMatch
AutomaticallyfunctionintheGeneralJournalwindow.
accountname(n)~Thepartofane-mailaddressthatidentifiesauseroranaccountonan
e-mailsystem.
AccountNumber(PN)~AfieldlabelontheDetailstabofanaccountthatliststhe
numberassignedtotheaccount.Theaccountnumberisincludedasapartofthecompany
profile.
accountnumber(n)~Theidentifyingalphanumericcharactersthathavebeenassignedto
anaccount.
accountowner(n)~Apersonwhosignsupforanaccount.Somefeatures,suchasbilling,
purchasingaccountadd-ons,andcreatinge-mailaccounts,areavailabletotheaccount
owneronly.
accountpartner(n)~AfederationpartnerthatistrustedbytheFederationServiceto
providesecuritytokenstoitsusers(thatis,usersintheaccountpartnerorganization)so
thattheycanaccessWeb-basedapplicationsintheresourcepartner.
Accountpartnerdiscoveryform(n)~ThetitleoftheWebformusedtodeterminethe
client’saccountpartnermembership.
accountpicture(n)~Agraphicalrepresentationthat’sassociatedwithauseraccountfor
WindowsandWindowsLive.
accountpolicy(n)~Onlocalareanetworksandmultiuseroperatingsystems,asetofrules
governingwhetheranewuserisallowedaccesstothesystemandwhetheranexisting
user’srightsareexpandedtoincludeadditionalsystemresources.Anaccountpolicyalso
generallystatestheruleswithwhichtheusermustcomplywhileusingthesysteminorder
tomaintainaccessprivileges.
accountreconciliation(n)~Thepracticeofreconcilingaccounts.
accountrecord(n)~Thelocationforstoringaccountinformation,includinginformation
thatisenteredontheAccountform,linkedrecords,andhistoryitems.
accountrule(n)~Aruleinanaccountingsystemthatcontrolsthevalidfinancial
dimensionvaluecombinationswhentherequirementsofthefinancialdimensionstructure
conditionaremet.
accountset(n)~Anamedgroupofledgeraccounts.
AccountSetupAssistant(PN)~Theassistantthathelpsusersconfiguresomeofthemost
widelyusede-mailaccounts,suchasPOP,IMAP,WindowsLiveHotmail,andMicrosoft
Exchangeaccounts.
accountstatement(n)~Adetailedreportofthetransactionsandbalanceofanaccount.
accountstructure(n)~Aconfigurationofthemainaccountfinancialdimensionandother
financialdimensions.
accountupdater(n)~AfeatureofWindows8mobilebroadbandnetworkingthatisused
tobindanaccountthatauserhaswithamobilebroadbandserviceproviderbothtoa
uniqueidentifierthatweuseinWindowstoidentifythatuser,andtotheuser’sSIMcard.
accounting(n)~Thepracticeofrecording,classifying,summarizing,andreportingthe
financialconsequencesofaccountingevents.
accounting(n)~Theprocessoftrackingand/oranalyzinguseractivitiesonanetworkby
loggingkeydata(e.g.amountoftimeinthenetwork,servicesaccessed,amountofdata
transferred).
Accounting&finance(PN)~TheBusinesssubcategorycontainingappstohelp
businesseswithaccounting,bookkeeping,andfinancialtasks.
accountingapplication(n)~Aprogramthathelpsauserperformtasksrelatedto
accounting.
accountingcategory(n)~Aclassifierusedtogroupjournalaccountentriesaccordingto
theireconomiccharacteristics.
accountingcurrency(n)~Thecustomarymonetaryunitofmeasurethatisusedtorecord
themonetaryvalueofeconomicresourcesinledgeraccounts.
accountingcurrencyunit(n)~Acurrencyunitusedtoquantifythefinancial
consequencesofaccountingevents.
accountingcustomer(n)~Acustomerintheaccountingapplicationthatislinkedtoa
BusinessContactManageraccount.
accountingcycle(n)~Arecurringsetofdocumenting,journalizing,balancing,and
statementpreparationactivitiesperformedbypartiesthatreportonandanalyzethe
financialpositionandperformanceofaccountingentities.
accountingdata(n)~Informationfromtheaccountingsystem.
accountingdistribution(n)~Adistributionofthefinancialconsequenceofaneconomic
transactiontoledgeraccounts.
accountingdistributionline(n)~Thesublineofasourcedocumentlinedocumentingthe
financialconsequenceofaneconomictransactionthatdocumentsthedistributionofan
aliquotportionofthefinancialconsequencetoaledgeraccount.
accountingentity(n)~Arealorconceptualeconomicunitthatusesledgeraccountsto
recordandreportonitsfinancialandmanagementperformance.
accountingevent(n)~Theoccurrenceofanaccountingactioninanaccountingsystem.
accountingeventliquidityclassification(n)~Theliquidityclassificationofan
accountingevent.
AccountingIntegration(n)~Afeaturethatenablestheusertoaccessinformationfrom
anaccountingsystemfromwithinBusinessContactManagerforOutlook.
accountingjournal(n)~Ajournalthatisusedtorecordthefinancialconsequencesof
accountingeventsinanaccountingsystem.
accountingjournalentry(n)~Arecordoforiginalentryinanaccountingsystemthat
recordsadate,oneormoreaccounts,andthemonetaryvaluetobedebitedorcreditedto
eachaccount.
AccountingLoader(n)~Softwarerequiredtoconnecttotheaccountingsystem.
accountingperiod(n)~Adivisionofafiscalyearthatisreflectedonfinancialstatements.
accountingpolicy(n)~Apolicythatprescribesthegeneralprinciplesandproceduresthat
anorganizationfollowstopreparestatementsthatreportonitsperformance.
accountingprovider(n)~Aproviderthatrecordsclientactivityforanalysisor
accountingpurposes.
accountingrule(n)~Aruleinanaccountingsystemthatcontrolstheprinciples,methods,
andproceduresforclassifying,recording,andreportingthefinancialconsequencesof
accountingevents.
accountingsystem(n)~Theaccountingprogram.
accountsdatabase(n)~Adatabasewhichstoresuseraccountsandtheirnetworkaccess
properties.
Accountspage(n)~Thepageforcreatingandadministeringindividualuseraccounts,and
addingnewadministrators.
accountspayable(n)~Agroupofpostingaccountsthatshowtheamountsowedto
suppliersorcreditorsforgoods,supplies,orservicespurchasedoncredit.
accountspayable(n)~Asubclassificationofaliabilityaccountclassificationthat
describesthechangesinvalueowedtovendorsorcreditors.
accountspayablethree-wayinvoicematching(n)~Apracticeofmatchingvendor
invoicepricesandproductquantitiestopurchaseordersandproductreceipts.
accountsreceivable(n)~Agroupofpostingaccountsthatshowtheamountscustomers
oweforservicesorsalesmadeoncredit.
accountsreceivable(n)~Asubclassificationofanassetaccountclassificationthat
describesthechangesinvalueowedbycustomers.
accrualaccounting(n)~Anaccountingmethodthatrecognizesrevenueswhentheyare
earnedandexpenseswhentheyareincurred,regardlessofwhentheyarereceivedorpaid.
accrualbasisaccounting(n)~Anaccountingmethodthatrecognizesrevenueswhenthey
areearnedandexpenseswhentheyareincurred,regardlessofwhentheyarereceivedor
paid.
accrualmethod(n)~Anaccountingmethodthatrecognizesrevenueswhentheyare
earnedandexpenseswhentheyareincurred,regardlessofwhentheyarereceivedorpaid.
accruedcost(n)~Atransactionthatisrecordedinaprofitandlossaccountbyanexpense
transaction.
accruedcost(n)~Theaccumulatedvalueofcostsrecognizedfrominvoicingajob.The
accruedcostispostedtoanaccruedexpenseliabilityaccountinthebalancesheet.
accruedrevenue(n)~Revenueearnedinoneaccountingperiodbutreceivedina
subsequentaccountingperiod.
AccScope(PN)~Thetoolthathelpsdesignersanddevelopersvisualizetheaccessibility
informationofUIelements,asseenbyascreenreader.
accumulatedcost(n)~Thecostsofinventory,overhead,materials,labor,andservices
thataggregateintoonetotalcost.
accumulateddepreciation(n)~Thesumofposteddepreciationsforalltheperiodsin
whichafixedassethasbeeninservice.
accumulation(n)~Profitsthatareaddedtothecapitalofanorganizationinsteadofpaid
toinvestorsasdividends.
accumulator(n)~Anaccumulationofnumericdatathatcanbeusedforreporting
purposes,suchasyearlytaxableearningsfortheT4orW2statement,orusedina
calculation.Forexample,CanadaPensionPlan,SocialSecurity,Medicare,and
withholdingtaxesarebasedonaccumulators.Thecontentsofanaccumulatorcanbe
manuallyadjusted,preset,anddeleted.
ACD(n)~Asystemthatautomaticallyroutesandqueuesincomingphonecallsand
generatesreportstoanagentorasetofagents,e.g.,inacallcentersuchasforcustomer
service.
ACE(n)~Anentryineitherasecurableobject’sdiscretionaryaccesscontrollist(DACL)
oranobject’ssystemaccesscontrollist(SACL).InaDACL,theentrygrantsordenies
permissionstoauserorgroup.InaSACL,theentryspecifieswhichsecurityeventsto
auditforaparticularuserorgrouporcontrolstheWindowsIntegrityLevelfortheobject.
ACE(PN)~PartoftheAccessdatabasesystemthatretrievesandstoresdatainuserand
systemdatabases.Theenginecanbethoughtofasadatamanageronwhichdatabase
systemsarebuilt.
ACEManagementView(n)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertosetaccesslevelsfora
groupofcontacts.
ACH(oth)~AnelectronicfundstransfersystemavailableintheUnitedStatesthat
facilitatesthetransferoffundsbetweenreceivingpartyandoriginatingpartybank
accounts.
achievement(n)~Anaccomplishmentasdefinedbyagame.
ACID(n)~Thefouressentialpropertiesofanelectronictransaction.Atomicityrequires
thatatransactionbefullycompletedorelsefullycanceled.Consistencyrequiresthat
resourcesusedaretransformedfromoneconsistentstatetoanother.Isolationrequiresall
transactionstobeindependentofeachother.Durabilityrequiresthatthecompleted
transactionbepermanent,includingsurvivalthroughsystemfailure.
Acid(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.ID3v1
genreID#34.
AcidJazz(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#74.
AcidPunk(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#73.
ACK(n)~Amessagetransmittedtoindicatethatdatahasbeenreceivedcorrectly.The
TransmissionControlProtocol(TCP)requiresthattherecipientacknowledgesuccessful
receiptofdata.Suchacknowledgments(ACKs)generateadditionalnetworktraffic,
decreasingtherateatwhichdatapassesbutincreasingreliability.Toreducetheimpacton
performance,mosthostssendanacknowledgmentforeveryothersegmentorwhena
specifiedtimeintervalhaspassed.
acknowledgement(n)~Amessagetransmittedtoindicatethatdatahasbeenreceived
correctly.TheTransmissionControlProtocol(TCP)requiresthattherecipient
acknowledgesuccessfulreceiptofdata.Suchacknowledgments(ACKs)generate
additionalnetworktraffic,decreasingtherateatwhichdatapassesbutincreasing
reliability.Toreducetheimpactonperformance,mosthostssendanacknowledgmentfor
everyothersegmentorwhenaspecifiedtimeintervalhaspassed.
ACL(n)~InWindows-basedsystems,alistofaccesscontrolentries(ACE)thatapplyto
anentireobject,asetoftheobject’sproperties,oranindividualpropertyofanobject,and
thatdefinetheaccessgrantedtooneormoresecurityprincipals.
Acoustic(adj)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#99.
ACP(n)~Athird-partyorganizationthatprovidesaudioconferencingservicesoverpublic
switchedtelephonenetwork(PSTN).
ACPI(n)~Anopenindustryspecificationthatdefinespowermanagementonawide
rangeofmobile,desktop,andservercomputersandperipherals.ACPIisthefoundation
fortheOnNowindustryinitiativethatallowssystemmanufacturerstodelivercomputers
thatstartatthetouchofakeyboard.ACPIdesignisessentialtotakefulladvantageof
powermanagementandPlugandPlay.
acquisitiondate(n)~Thedatethatanassetisacquired.
ACR(n)~Amethodofevaluatingtransmittedvoicequalitywheresubjectsrate(from1to
5)shortgroupsofunrelatedsentencesundercontrolledconditions.
acronymcasingguideline(n)~Arulethatclarifieswhetheranacronymistobespelt
withupper-orlowercaseletteroramix.
ACRS(oth)~Asystemofdepreciationthatassignsdepreciationmethodstodifferent
classesofassets.CreatedbytheEconomicRecoveryTaxActof1981forU.S.tax
purposesandmodifiedbytheTaxReformActof1986.
acrylicendpanel(n)~TheendpanelofaSurfacecommercialunitthatiscoveredwitha
coloredacrylicfinish.Incontrast,developerunitshavemetalendpanels.
acrylicsidepanel(n)~ThesidepanelofaSurfacecommercialunitthatiscoveredwitha
coloredacrylicfinish.Incontrast,developerunitshavemetalsidepanels.
ACS(PN)~Aservicethatcollectsandforwardsallsecurityeventsfrommonitored
computerstoacentraldatabase.
ACSclaimrule(n)~ThelogicusedbyACStotransforminputclaimsintooutputclaims;
claimrulesarecontainedwithinrulegroupsandaretherebyassociatedwithrelyingparty
applications.
ACSdatabase(oth)~ThedatabaseinwhichAuditCollectionServicesstoresallthe
securityeventsthatitcollectsfrommonitoredcomputers.
ACSmanagementportal(n)~AWeb-baseduserinterfacethatACSadministratorscan
usetomanagetheconfigurationsettingsofaspecificACSnamespace
ACSmanagementservice(n)~ARepresentationalStateTransfer(REST)Webservice
thatenablesprogrammaticmanagementofanACSnamespace,usingtheOpenData
(OData)protocol.
ACSrulegroup(n)~Anamedsetofrulesthatdefinewhichclaimsarepassedtoa
relying-partyapplication.
ACSrulesengine(n)~ThecomponentinACSthatprocessestheinputclaimsthatare
presentinthesecuritytokensthatACSreceivesfromclientsandwhichgeneratesthe
outputclaimsthatarepresentinthesecuritytokensthatACSissuestorelying-party
applications.
ACSserviceidentity(n)~AcredentialthatisregisteredwithanACSnamespaceand
intendedforusebyautonomousapplicationsorclients.
ACT(PN)~Asuiteoftoolsthatenablessoftwaredevelopers,independentsoftware
vendors(ISVs),andenterpriseITprofessionalstodeterminewhethertheirapplicationsare
compatiblewithanewversionofWindowsbeforerollingitouttothecompany.ACTalso
enablessuchindividualstodeterminehowWindowssecurityupdatesmayimpacttheir
applications.
ACTCommunity(PN)~AnonlineenvironmentthatenablesApplicationCompatibility
Toolkit(ACT)userstoanonymouslyshareissueandsolutiondatawithotherregistered
ACTusers.
ACTDataCollector(PN)~AcomponentoftheApplicationCompatibilityToolkitthat
installsthecompatibilityevaluators,maintainsthecompatibilityevaluatorscheduling,
collectsyourdatathroughthecompatibilityevaluators,anduploadstheissuedatatoboth
theMicrosoftCompatibilityExchangeandyourACTdatabase.
ACTLogProcessingService(PN)~Theservicethatprocessesthelogfilesuploaded
fromyourclientcomputers,addingtheinformationtoyourACTdatabase.
ACT-DC(PN)~AcomponentoftheApplicationCompatibilityToolkitthatinstallsthe
compatibilityevaluators,maintainsthecompatibilityevaluatorscheduling,collectsyour
datathroughthecompatibilityevaluators,anduploadstheissuedatatoboththeMicrosoft
CompatibilityExchangeandyourACTdatabase.
action(n)~Thebasicbuildingblockofamacro;aself-containedinstructionthatcanbe
combinedwithotheractionstoautomatetasks.Thisissometimescalledacommandin
othermacrolanguages.
action(n)~Aunitofworkthatisrepresentedtousersintheformofbuttons,links,and
menuitems.
action(n)~AnamedentitymadeupofanXMLdocumentandanoperationonthat
document.Webservicescanbegeneratedfromactions.
action(n)~Anend-user-initiatedoperationonaselectedcubeorportionofacube.
action(n)~Aworkflowthatisusedtoprocessanyfurtheractivitiesaftertheoriginal
requesthasbeencompletedsuccessfully.
action(n)~Anobjectthatdoessomethingwhenitisinvokedbyatrigger.
action(n)~AfunctionthatcorrespondstotheThen’partofarule(If-Then)andisusedto
specifywhatistobedonewhenaconditionevaluatesastrue.’
action(n)~Anoptionpresentedtotheuserthrougharight-clickmenuthatsimplifies
commonOfficetasksandprovidesmorecontroloverautomaticfeatures.
action(n)~Anactthathasaneffectinasystem.
action(n)~Awaytocategorizeeventsbasedonentrypoints,suchaspagecalls,button
clicks,webservicecalls,orsomeotheratomicactionrepresentingaparticularbusiness
process.Thisgroupingisvaluablefordeterminingunderwhatcircumstancesafailure
occurs.
action(n)~AdataserviceoperationthatisboundtoaURIthat,whencalled,hasasideeffectondataexposedbythedataservice.
action(n)~Anentityinagraphedgethatistheoperationtheactorperformsontheobject.
Action(n)~Operationsthatareperformedonaticketbyacustomerorcustomerservice
representative(CSR)toprovideinformation,changeticketstatus,andnotifyCSRsor
customersofchangestotheticket.
action+adventure(PN)~Agamecategorythatemphasizesactionorexploration
elements.
actionaccount(n)~TheWindowsaccountthatisusedbytheMonitoringHost.exe
processestogatherdatafromprovidersandtorunactions,suchasscriptsandcommandlinebatchfiles,onmonitoreddevices.
actionargument(n)~Additionalinformationrequiredbysomemacroactions-for
example,theobjectaffectedbytheactionorspecialconditionsunderwhichtheactionis
carriedout.
ActionBar(PN)~Ahorizontalpanefoundalongthebottomoftheapplicationwindow
thatbothdisplaysandletsyouchangethetransformationsappliedtooneormoreobjects
(thelocation,rotation,scaling,skewing,andsoon).
actionbutton(n)~Aready-madebuttonthattheusercaninsertintohis/herpresentation
anddefinehyperlinksfor.
ActionCenter(PN)~AcomprehensivePCmaintenancecenterthatprovidestheuserwith
asinglepointofentryfortasksandnotificationsassociatedwithPCHealth,i.e.security,
diagnostics,problemreportsandsolutions,howtoupdatethesystem(WindowsUpdates),
performance,reliability,backupandrestore,andcompletePCbackup(recoveryand
RescuemyPC).
actioncenter(PN)~Afeaturethatprovidesquickaccesstosettingsandnotifications
specifiedbytheuser.
actiongesture(n)~InTabletPCInputPanel,agesture(penstroke)usedtoperforma
basicaction,suchasinsertingaspaceordeletingsomething.
ActionItems(n)~Afeaturethatidentifiesapossiblequestionorrequestedactioninan
emailmessageandenablestheusertotakeactiononitfromwithinthemessage.
actionlist(n)~ThelistthatappearswhenyouclickthearrowintheActioncolumnofthe
Macroobjecttab.
actionlog(n)~Arecordoftheactionsthathavebeentakenduringthelifetimeofan
incidenttoresolvetheincident.Examplesincludecommentsbytheanalyst,
communicationsfromtheuser,attachments,andtaskoutputs.
ActionPack(PN)~AnannualsubscriptionthatprovidesMicrosoftpartnerswithaccess
tothelatestMicrosoftsoftware,technicalsupportandtraining,world-classdeveloper
tools,andcustomizablesalesandmarketingcampaigns.
actionpage(n)~AsingleASPfilethatprovidesaparticularaspectofthefunctionality
associatedwithamoduleinCommerceServerBusinessDesk.Forexample,definingthe
propertiesofaparticularproduct.Actionpagesaretypicallydisplayedasaresultof
clickingamodulenameinthenavigationpane,orasaresultofclickingataskbutton
presentedbya(probably)differentactionpageinthesamemodule.
actionpane(n)~ApanethatprovideseasyaccesstofeaturesavailableintheAdd-infor
Excel.ItincludestheAssignmentstabandtheAuthoringtab.
ActionPane(PN)~Acontroldirectlybeneaththemenubarthatcontainscommandsthat
areparticularlyimportantfortheuserinagivencontextandarethereforepromoted
commands.Thesepromotedcommandsareasubsetofthecommandsavailableinthe
Actionsmenuonthemenubar.
actionquery(n)~Aquerythatcopiesorchangesdata.
actionrecording(n)~Afileinwhichtheuser’sinputandactionsinoneormany
applicationsforeachstepinatestarerecorded.Youcanthenplaybackthisaction
recordingtoautomaticallyrunspecificteststeps.
actionrecordingsection(n)~Apartofanactionrecordingthatisbasedonthestepsthat
youmarkaspassedorfailedinatest.Eachtimeyoumarktheoutcomeofateststep,a
newsectionoftheactionrecordingiscreated.
actionrow(n)~ArowintheupperpartoftheMacrowindowinwhichyouentermacro
names,actions,conditions,andcommentsassociatedwithaparticularmacroormacro
group.
actionshot(n)~Aphotothatillustratesactionbyblendingmultipleframesofashort
videotocreateastrobeeffectintheresultingstillimage.
actionstate(n)~Inanactivitydiagram,atypeofstatethathasaninternalactionandat
leastoneoutgoingtransitionthatinvolvestheexpliciteventsofcompletingtheinternal
action.
actionstatement(n)~Thesmallestexecutableentitywithinaprogramminglanguage.
actiontable(n)~Asetofrules,storedasanADORecordset,thatdefinehowworkflow
itemscanchangestate.Eachrowinanactiontablerepresentsapossiblestatetransitionin
theworkflow.
actiontype(n)~Aclassificationthatdescribeswhatanactiondoes.
Actions(n)~Thenameofamenufromwhichthecustomercanchoosetocreatenew
Accounts,BusinessContacts,andOpportunityrecords,aswellashistoryitemsthatcanbe
attachedtoselectedrecords.
Actions(PN)~Thenameofamenufromwhichtheusercancallsomeone,sendaninstant
messageore-mail,scheduleorjoinaconference,startavideoconversation,setoptions,
startaLiveMeeting,orruntheAudioandVideoTuningWizard.
Actions(PN)~Amenuitemthatenablesuserstoinitiateoperations,suchassendingan
instantmessageorplayingagame.
actionsgroup(n)~Asetofcommandsontheactionspanethataregroupedtogether
logicallywithalabelthatcharacterizesthetypeofcommand.Forexample,thecommands
withthelabel-€œNew-€?intheexamplebelowconstituteanactionsgroup.
actionspane(n)~Apanelistingtasksoractionthatcanbeperformed.
activate(v)~Tomakeachartsheetorworksheettheactive,orselected,sheet.Thesheet
thatyouactivatedetermineswhichmenubarandtoolbarsaredisplayed.
activate(v)~Toverifythatyoursoftwareproductisalegalcopyandisinstalledin
compliancewiththeMicrosoftSoftwareLicenseTerms.
activate(v)~Tomakearecord,file,orotherdataavailableinthesystem.
activate-as-activatorserver(n)~Aserverorrunningobjecttableobjectthatisnota
serviceorrunningunderaspecificuseraccount.
activation(n)~ThechainofeventsthatresultsinthecreationofaCOMobjectand
returningavalidpointertoaninterfaceonthatobject.
activation(n)~TheprocessofstartingaserviceprograminresponsetoaServiceBroker
message.
activation(n)~Theprocessofvalidatingsoftwarewiththemanufacturer.Activation
confirmsthegenuinestatusofaproductandthattheproductkeyhasnotbeen
compromised.Itestablishesarelationshipbetweenthesoftware’sproductkeyanda
particularinstallationofthatsoftwareonadevice.
activation(n)~Inasequencediagram,thetimeperiodduringwhichanobjectoractoris
performinganaction.Activationisrepresentedbyathinrectangle.
activation(n)~TheprocessofassigninganidentityonMicrosoftOnlineServicestoa
useraccountthathasbeenmigratedfromalocalActiveDirectory.
activation(n)~Theactwhen,anassignedusersuccessfullyreceivestheaccessrightsofa
privilegedrole.
ActivationAssistant(PN)~AMicrosoftHTMLapplicationthatenablesuserstoretrieve
atrialkeytoactivateavailableOffice2007releaseprogramsforalimitedtimeperiod.
Trialkeysareretrievedbyusingtheowner’sInternetconnectiontocommunicatewitha
dedicatedservice.
ActivationAssistant(PN)~Atoolbarapplicationthatallowsuserstouseacombination
ofacomputerIDandanactivationcodetoactivateWindows,withoutusingaproductkey.
activationblock(n)~Agroupingofstepsoractionswithinanactivitymodel.
activationclock(n)~Atypeofcountdowntimerthatisinitiallysetto30daysduring
whichyoumustactivateaninstallationofWindows.IfyoudonotactivateWindows
withinthe30-dayperiodanddonotresettheactivationclock,Windowswillenter
ReducedFunctionalityMode.
activationcode(n)~Aunique12-charactercodethatisusedincombinationwitha
computerIDtoactivateWindowsinlicensingmodelswhereaproductkeyisnotusedfor
activation.
activationconfirmationmessage(n)~Ane-mailmessagesentfromMicrosoftOnline
Servicestellingauserthattheuser’saccounthasbeenactivatedandsupplyingauser
nameandpasswordforinitiallog-on.
activationexploit(n)~Anexploitthatattemptstoworkaroundproductactivation.
activationgate(n)~Anauthenticationorauthorizationgatethattheanassigneduserhas
tocompleteinordertoactivatearole.
ActivationKey(n)~Theunique,25-characternumberthatactivatesprepaidcomputing
withWindows.
activationobject(n)~Anobjectusedbyoneormoreclientcomputerstoactivatea
volumelicenseforanapplicationsuchasWindowsorOffice.Theactivationobject
containstheIDoftherootdomainandtheenduserlicensedatafromtheactivationand
validationservice.
activationpassword(n)~ApasswordthatisspecifictotheBlackBerry(R)deviceuser
account.TheBlackBerryEnterpriseServeractivatesaBlackBerrydeviceoverthe
wirelessnetworkusingthewirelessactivationauthenticationprotocol.Typicalactivation
passwordsarefourtoeightcharacterslong.
activationservice(n)~TheMicrosoftserviceresponsibleforplacingasecurerepository
onanenduser’scomputer.
activationtoken(n)~AuniqueidentifierthatactivatesaMicrosoftAzureConnect
endpointandislinkedtothecustomer’sMicrosoftAzuresubscription.
active(adj)~Pertainingtothedevice,program,file,recordorportionofthescreenthatis
currentlyoperationalorsubjecttocommandoperations.
ActiveAccessibility(PN)~Atechnologythatimprovesthewayprogramsandthe
operatingsystemworkwithaccessibilityaids,suchasscreenreaders.
activearea(n)~Aconversationareawhereactiveconversationsandassociated
informationaredisplayed.
activeattractapplication(n)~Theattractapplicationthatisconfiguredtoshowwhen
usersstartnewusersessionsonaSurfaceunit.Youcanaddmanyattractapplicationstoa
Surfaceunit,butonlyonecanbetheactiveattractapplication.
ActiveCache(n)~Aclient-sidecacheandcachingservicethatenablesProjectProto
interactdirectlywiththelocalcacheonthemachineratherthanwiththeserver,foropens
andsaves,andthenhandlesmovinganychangestotheprojectplanbetweentheclientand
ProjectServer.
activecell(n)~Theselectedcellinwhichdataisenteredwhenyoubegintyping.Only
onecellisactiveatatime.Theactivecellisboundedbyaheavyborder.
ActiveChannel(n)~AWebsitethathasbeenenabledforWebcastingtoinformationreceivingapplications.
activeclient(n)~Theclient-sidesetoftechnologiesinMicrosoft’sActivePlatformfor
Web-oriented,cross-platformdistributedcomputing.ThechieffeaturesoftheActive
ClientincludesupportforHTMLanddynamicHTML,language-independentscripting,
Javaapplets,andActiveXobjects.ActiveClientisoperatingsystemindependent,soit
runsonmultipleplatforms,includingMicrosoftWindows,UNIX,andAppleMacintosh.
activeclustermember(n)~Anodethatisrunningandparticipatinginclusteroperations.
activecolor(n)~Thecolordisplayedinthecentralsquareofthecolorboxthatappearsin
mostworkpanes.Theactivecolorisusedwhenyoucreateanewobjectandwhenyouadd
fillsandpatternstoaselectedobject.
activecolorpalette(n)~Asubsetofupto256ofthecolorsintheTrueColorspectrum.
activecontent(n)~InteractiveoranimatedcontentusedontheInternet.Activecontent
includesActiveXcontrolsandwebbrowseradd-ons.
activecontrol(n)~Inanenvironmentcapableofdisplayingmultipleon-screencontrols,
thecontrolthatwillbeaffectedbycurrentcursormovements,commands,andtextentry.
activeconversationarea(n)~Aconversationareawhereactiveconversationsand
associatedinformationaredisplayed.
activedate(n)~Thedateatwhichsomethinggoesintoeffectorbecomesapplicable.
ActiveDesktop(PN)~OneofthetwocomponentsinstalledwithWindowsDesktop
Update.ActiveDesktopallowsuserstoaddactivecontent,suchasastockticker,totheir
desktop,taskbar,orfolders.Userscanalsosingle-clickfilestorunandopenthem.Active
DesktopcanbedisabledintheInternetExplorerAdministrationKit,evenifWindows
DesktopUpdateisinstalled.
ActiveDirectoryaccount(n)~Theidentityofauser,whichcanbeusedtograntaccess
toresourcesorauthoritytoperformcertaintasks.
ActiveDirectoryAdministrativeCenter(PN)~Aroleserviceandfeaturethatprovides
usersandnetworkadministratorswithanenhancedActiveDirectorydatamanagement
experienceandarichgraphicaluserinterface(GUI)toperformcommonActiveDirectory
objectmanagementtasks.BuiltontopofWindowsPowerShelltechnology,Active
DirectoryAdministrativeCentermakesitpossibleforusersandnetworkadministratorsto
administerdirectoryserviceobjectsthroughbothdata-drivenandtask-orientednavigation.
ActiveDirectoryB2C(PN)~AnAzureservicetypeoftheIdentityservice,forsingle
signontoallcloud-basedapplicationsfortransactionsandrelatedactivitybetweena
businessandcustomers.
ActiveDirectoryCertificateServices(n)~Asoftwareservicethatissuescertificatesfor
aparticularcertificationauthority(CA).Itprovidescustomizableservicesforissuingand
managingcertificatesfortheenterprise.Certificatescanbeusedtoprovideauthentication
support,includingsecuree-mail,Web-basedauthentication,andsmart-cardauthentication.
ActiveDirectoryConnector(n)~AnActiveDirectorysynchronizationagentthat
providesanautomatedwayofkeepingdirectoryinformationconsistentbetween
directories.
ActiveDirectorycontact(n)~AnActiveDirectoryobjectthatcontainsinformationabout
anindividualsuchasname,address,andjobtitle.Itcanincludeaforeigne-mailaddress.
ActiveDirectorycontainer(n)~TheidentitythatActiveDirectorygivestoacollection
ofobjects,suchasagroupofusersoradomainofcomputers.
ActiveDirectorycredentials(n)~Asetofsign-incredentials(usernameandpassword)
foranActiveDirectoryaccount.
ActiveDirectorydatamodel(n)~AmodelderivedfromtheLDAPdatamodel.The
directoryholdsobjectsthatrepresententitiesofvarioussorts,describedbyattributes.The
objectsandclassesofobjectsthatcanbestoredinthedirectoryaredefinedintheschema.
Foreachclassofobjects,theschemadefinestheattributesaninstanceoftheclassmust
have,theadditionalattributesitcanhave,andtheclassthatcanbeitsparent.
ActiveDirectoryDeltaDiscovery(n)~AdiscoveryoptionthatallowsConfiguration
ManagertodiscoveronlyneworchangedresourcesinActiveDirectoryindependentlyof
afulldiscoverycycle.
ActiveDirectoryDomain(PN)~Acollectionofobjects(asingleuser,agroup,ora
hardwarecomponent)withinaMicrosoftActiveDirectorynetwork.
ActiveDirectoryDomainServices(n)~TheMicrosoftWindowsbaseddirectoryservice.
ActiveDirectoryDomainServicesstoresinformationaboutobjectsonanetworkand
makesthisinformationavailabletousersandnetworkadministrators.
ActiveDirectoryDomainServicesInstallationWizard(PN)~Thetoolthatisusedto
installandremoveActiveDirectoryDomainServices(ADDS).
ActiveDirectoryFederationServices(PN)~AcomponentthatprovidesWebsinglesign-on(SSO)technologies.AD-FSprovidesSSObysecurelysharingdigitalidentityand
entitlementrightsacrosssecurityandenterpriseboundaries.AD-FSsupportstheWSFederationPassiveRequestorProfile(WS-FPRP).
ActiveDirectoryForestDiscoverymethod(n)~AConfigurationManagerdiscovery
methodthatsearchesforActiveDirectorysitesandsubnetsinActiveDirectoryforests.
ActiveDirectoryGroupDiscoverymethod(n)~AConfigurationManagerdiscovery
methodthatsearchesforthegroupmembershipsof-computersandusersbypolling
ActiveDirectoryDomainServices.
ActiveDirectorygroupvalidation(n)~Aprocedurethatensurestheuniquenessofthe
accountnameofagroupwithinadomainstoredinActiveDirectory.
ActiveDirectoryLightweightDirectoryServices(n)~ALightweightDirectoryAccess
Protocol(LDAP)directoryservicethatprovidesflexiblesupportfordirectory-enabled
applications,withouttherestrictionsofActiveDirectoryDomainServices(ADDS).
ActiveDirectoryLightweightDirectoryServicesinstance(n)~Asinglecopyofthe
ActiveDirectoryLightweightDirectoryServices(ADLDS)directoryservicethat
includesitsassociateddirectorystoreanditsapplicationeventlog.
ActiveDirectoryLookup(PN)~AfeaturethatenablesClientforNFSandServerfor
NFStoobtainuseridentifier(UID)andgroupidentifier(GID)informationdirectlyfrom
ActiveDirectory.
ActiveDirectoryManagementAgent(PN)~TheIdentityLifecycleManager
managementagentprovidedbyMicrosofttoconnecttoActiveDirectoryDomainServices
(ADDS)orActiveDirectorydirectoryservice.
ActiveDirectoryMetadirectoryServices(n)~AMicrosofttechnologythatcreates
joinedviewsofdatacontainedinmultipledirectoryservices.
ActiveDirectoryobject(n)~AnentitythatcanholdanidentityinaWindows
environment,suchascomputers,printers,mobiledevices,users,groups,andsoon.
ActiveDirectoryPremium(PN)~TheadvancedofferingoftheMicrosoftAzureActive
Directoryservicethatincludesadditionalcapabilitiesbeyondthefreeofferingof
MicrosoftAzureAD.
ActiveDirectoryprovider(n)~AmechanismformappingobjectstoWindowsMedia
Instrumentation.
ActiveDirectoryRightsManagement(PN)~TheMicrosofttechnologythatallows
customerstoprotecttheirdatabyencryptingandmanagingaccessrightsindocument
authoring,email,andpublishing.
ActiveDirectoryRightsManagementServices(n)~AMicrosofttechnologydesignedto
helpenterprisecustomerscontrolandprotectcriticaldigitalinformationbyofferingeasyto-use,flexible,andpersistentpolicyexpressionandenforcement.
ActiveDirectoryschema(n)~Thesetofdefinitionsofeveryobjectclassthatcanbe
createdinActiveDirectory,aswellasthedefinitionsofeveryattributethatcanbe
assignedtothatobjectclass.
ActiveDirectorySecurityGroupDiscoverymethod(n)~AConfigurationManager
discoverymethodthatsearchesforsecuritygroupresourcesbypollingActiveDirectory
DomainServices.
ActiveDirectoryServiceInterfaces(n)~Adirectoryservicemodelandasetof
ComponentObjectModel(COM)interfaces.ADSIenablesWindowsapplicationsand
ActiveDirectoryclientstoaccessseveralnetworkdirectoryservices,includingActive
Directory.
ActiveDirectorysite(n)~AcollectionofInternetProtocolsubnets,usuallyusedto
connectagroupofcomputersthatarephysicallyclosetoeachother.
ActiveDirectorysynchronization(n)~TheprocessofmatchinguseraccountsandmailenabledcontactsandgroupsfromthelocalActive-Directorydirectoryservice.
ActiveDirectorySystemDiscoverymethod(n)~AConfigurationManagerdiscovery
methodthatsearchesforsystemresourcesbypollingActiveDirectoryDomainServices.
ActiveDirectorySystemGroupDiscoverymethod(n)~AConfigurationManager
discoverymethodthatsearchesforsystemgroupresourcesbypollingActiveDirectory
DomainServices.
ActiveDirectoryUserDiscoverymethod(n)~AConfigurationManagerdiscovery
methodthatsearchesforcomputeruserresourcesbypollingActiveDirectoryDomain
Services.
ActiveDirectoryUsersandComputers(n)~Anadministrativetoolusedbyan
administratortoperformday-to-dayActiveDirectoryadministrationtasks.Thetasksthat
canbeperformedwiththistoolincludecreating,deleting,modifying,moving,andsetting
permissionsonobjectsstoredinthedirectory.ExamplesofobjectsinActiveDirectoryare
organizationalunits,users,contacts,groups,computers,printers,andsharedfileobjects.
ActiveDirectory-basedactivation(n)~Theactivationofsystemsinanenterprise
environmentbyusinganestablishedActiveDirectoryimplementationandthesamekey
types.
ActiveDirectory-integratedprimaryzone(n)~ADNSzoneforwhichthezone
informationisstoredintheActiveDirectoryobjectstructure.
activedocument(n)~Thedocumentinwhichyouareworking.
activedocument(n)~AdocumentthatcontainsActiveXcontrols,Javaapplets,HTML
pages,ordocumentobjectsfordisplayinInternetExplorer.
activedocumentwindow(n)~Inanenvironmentcapableofdisplayingmultipleonscreenwindows,thewindowcontainingthedocumentthatwillbeaffectedbycurrent
cursormovements,commands,andtextentry.
activeelement(n)~Thelayoutcontainerelementthatiscurrentlysubjecttospecial
operations,suchasaddingchildelementsordefiningcolumnsandrows.Theactive
elementisidentifiedbyayellowboundingbox.
activeend(n)~Theendingpointforaselectedrangeofobjects.Itisusuallyestablished
attheobjectlogicallynearestthehotspotofthepointerwhenauserreleasestheprimary
mousebutton.
activefield(n)~Thefieldonaforminwhichthecursororpointerispositioned.
activefile(n)~Thefileaffectedbyacurrentcommand—typicallyadatafile.
activegeo-replication(n)~Theprocessofcontinuouslycopyingchangesfromaprimary
databasetooneormoreactivesecondarydatabasesinthesameordifferentgeographic
regions.
activehyperlink(n)~AhyperlinkthatiscurrentlyselectedinaWebbrowser.SomeWeb
browsersindicatetheactivehyperlinkbychangingitscolor.
activeidentity(n)~Theidentitytheuserhasloggedonwith.
activeingredient(n)~Aningredientinaformulathathasaspecifiedconcentrationand
potency.
activemailbox(n)~Amailboxthathasbeenaccessedatleastonceinthelast30days.
activemailboxmigration(n)~Thestageduringthee-mailmigrationwhenthemigration
serviceisactivelyprovisioningnewcloud-basedmailboxes.
ActiveManagementTechnology(n)~AnIntelnetworkingmanagementtechnologythat
issupportedbyConfigurationManageroutofbandmanagement,whichenablesa
ConfigurationManageradministratortomanagedesktopcomputersindependentlyfrom
theConfigurationManagerclientorthecomputeroperatingsystem.
ActiveManager(PN)~AnExchange2010componentthatmanagesswitchoversand
failoverandrunsoneveryserverinaDAG.ActiveManagerprovidesfunctionalitythat
replacestheresourcemodelandfailovermanagementfeaturespreviouslyprovidedby
integrationwiththeClusterservice.
ActiveMessagingProtection(n)~Aprocessbywhichantivirusandanti-spamagentsand
filtersareappliedtoe-mailmessagesforthepurposeofstoppingunsolicitedormalicious
e-mailsfromenteringtheorganization.
activemonitoring(n)~GivesLyncsystemadministratorstheabilitytomonitorpools,
servers,andnetworksacrossdatacentersthroughthepublicInternet.
activeobject(n)~Theobjectwithwhichtheuseriscurrentlyinteractingorthathasthe
inputfocus.
activeobject(n)~Inacollaborationdiagram,anobjectrolethatcaninitiatecontrol.
Typicalactiveobjectsincludeprocessesandtasks.Incontrast,apassiveobjectholdsdata
andmaysendmessages,butitdoesnotinitiatecontrol.
ActiveOn(PN)~AsetofimprovedavailabilitycapabilitiesintroducedinWindows
Server8.
activepage(n)~Thepagethatiscurrentlyavailableforeditinginadocument.
activepartition(n)~Apartitionfromwhichacomputerstartsup.Theactivepartition
mustbeaprimarypartitiononabasicdisk.IfyouuseWindowsexclusively,theactive
partitioncanbethesameasthesystemvolume.
activepattern(n)~Apatternthatenablesyoutodefinenamedpartitionsthatsubdivide
inputdata,sothatyoucanusethesenamesinapatternmatchingexpression.
activepowerplan(n)~ThepowerplanthatiscurrentlyselectedinPowerOptionsin
ControlPanel.
activepresenter(n)~Thepresenterwhosename(andoptionalphoto)isdisplayedinthe
NowPresentingpaneduringameeting.
activeprogram(n)~Theprogramcurrentlyincontrolofamicroprocessor.
activerequisition(n)~Arequisitionforwhichabusinessprocesshasbeeninitiated,but
notcompleted.
activescreening(n)~Ascreeningmethodthatpreventsusersfromsavingfilesthatare
membersofblockedfilegroups,andgeneratesnotificationswhenuserstrytosave
blockedfiles.
activescripting(PN)~AMicrosofttechnologythatusesCOMtorunthird-partyscriptsin
MicrosoftInternetExplorerwithoutregardtolanguageandotherelementsof
implementation.
activesecondarydatabase(n)~Acontinuouslyupdatedcopyoftheprimarydatabase
created[…]forthepurposesofdataredundancy.Theactivesecondarydatabaseis
readablebutcannotbeupdateduntilthecontinuouscopyrelationshipwithitsprimaryis
terminated.
activeselection(n)~Thecurrentselectionofcells,rows,orcolumnsthatincludesthe
activecellinadatasheet.
ActiveServer(n)~Theserver-basedcomponentofMicrosoft’sActivePlatform.
ComprisedofasetoftechnologiesthatincludesDCOM(distributedcomponentobject
model),ActiveServerPages,MicrosoftTransactionServer,andmessagequeues,Active
Serverprovidessupportfordevelopingcomponent-based,scalable,high-performance
WebapplicationsonMicrosoftWindowsNTservers.ActiveServerisdesignedtoallow
developerstoconcentrateoncreatingInternetandintranetsoftwareinavarietyof
languageswithouthavingtofocusontheintricacyofthenetworkitself.
ActiveServercomponent(n)~AnOLEAutomationcomponentdesignedtorunonthe
serversideaspartofaWebapplication.ThesecomponentsareactivatedthroughActive
ServerPages(ASP)technologybutdon’trequireaWindowsinterface.
ActiveServerPageExtension(n)~ThestandardfileformatusedforASPpageswritten
withASP.NET.
ActiveServerPages(n)~AWeb-orientedtechnologydevelopedbyMicrosoftthatis
designedtoenableserver-sidescripting.
ActiveServerPagesbuffering(n)~AfunctionalityofActiveServerPages(ASP)that
temporarilystoresalloutputthatisgeneratedbyascriptuntilscriptexecutioniscomplete
andthensendstheoutputtoaclient.
ActiveSetup(n)~Anapplicationthatcollectsinformationabouttheuser’scomputer
beforedownloadofInternetExplorerbegins,andthenusesthisinformationtomanagethe
downloadintelligently.
activesheet(n)~Thesheetthatyou’reworkingoninaworkbook.Thenameonthetabof
theactivesheetisbold.
activesoftwareupdatepoint(n)~Thesoftwareupdatepointforasitethatinteractswith
WindowsServerUpdateServices(WSUS)toconfiguresoftwareupdatessettingsand
managesoftwareupdatessynchronization.Theactivesoftwareupdatepointcanaccept
connectionsfromtheintranetandtheInternet.
ActiveStatePowerManagement(n)~Apower-savingmodewhichreservespowerby
ensuringefficientexecutionofcomputingtasksandbyreducingthenumberof
componentsrunningunnecessarilywhennotactuallyinuse.
activestatement(n)~ASQLstatementthathasbeenrunbutwhoseresultsethasnotyet
beencanceledorfullyprocessed.
ActiveTemplateLibrary(n)~Asetofcompact,template-basedC++classesthat
simplifytheprogrammingofComponentObjectModelobjects.ATLprovidesthe
mechanismtouseandcreateCOMobjects.
ActiveTemplateLibraryserver(n)~AserverthathousesanActiveTemplateLibrary.
activetime(n)~Theentiredurationofatimeline,includingforwardandbackward
iterations.Forexample,atimelineprogrammedtoplayforwardandthenbackward,once,
isactivefortwicethespecifiedduration—oncefortheforwarditerationandonceagain
forthebackwarditeration.
activeupgrade(n)~Anupgradethatisperformedonasequencedapplicationpackage
withoutshuttingdowntheserverthatstreamsit.
activevendor(n)~Avendorwithwhombusinessisbeingconductedonaregularbasis.
ActiveView(n)~AfeatureinHotmailthat’sdesignedtohelppeoplegetmoredoneon
thewebwithouthavingtoleavetheirinbox.ActiveViewdisplaysdirectlyinthebodyof
thee-mailmessage,showingeitherpreviewstootherwebcontentorinteractiveelements
createdbythesenderthatlettherecipientcompletecoretasks.Apreviewmessage
examplemightincludeareferencetoafileonaphoto-sharingorvideo-sharingwebsite
thattherecipientcanviewinthemessage,orpackage-trackinginformationthat’s
extractedfromashippingwebsite.Interactivescenariosmightincluderatingmoviesand
updatingwishlistsonmovie-rentalwebsitesorrespondingtoinvitationsorcommentson
socialnetworkingwebsites.
activevolume(n)~Thevolumefromwhichthecomputerstartsup.Theactivevolume
mustbeasimplevolumeonadynamicdisk.Youcannotmarkanexistingdynamic
volumeastheactivevolume,butyoucanupgradeabasicdiskcontainingtheactive
partitiontoadynamicdisk.Afterthediskisupgradedtodynamic,thepartitionbecomesa
simplevolumethatisactive.
activewindow(n)~Thewindowinwhichauseriscurrentlyworkingordirectinginput.
AnactivewindowistypicallyatthetopoftheZorderandisdistinguishedbythecolorof
itstitlebar.
active/activemode(n)~ThemodeinwhichApplicationRequestRoutingisdeployedon
twoormoreserverstoachievebothhighavailabilityandscalability.
active/passivemode(n)~ThemodeinwhichApplicationRequestRoutingisdeployed
ontwoARRserversthatprocessrequestsandthattogetheractasafailoverserver.This
configurationcanachievehighavailability,butisstilllimitedbythemaximumcapacityof
oneARRserver.
active-statepowermanagement(n)~Apower-savingmodewhichreservespowerby
ensuringefficientexecutionofcomputingtasksandbyreducingthenumberof
componentsrunningunnecessarilywhennotactuallyinuse.
ActiveX(PN)~Asetoftechnologiesthatallowssoftwarecomponentstointeractwithone
anotherinanetworkedenvironment,regardlessofthelanguageinwhichthecomponents
werecreated.
ActiveX~AWindowstechnologywhichallowsprogrammerstodovariousthingson
yourcomputer.Theearlyversionshadsecurityissueswhichhackerscouldexploit.
ActiveXAnimation(n)~AnanimationthatutilizesActiveXtechnology.
ActiveXcomponent(n)~Areusablesoftwarecomponentthatcanbeusedtoincorporate
ActiveXtechnology.
ActiveXcontrol(n)~AsoftwarecontrolthatincorporatesActiveXtechnology.
ActiveXDataObjects(n)~AdataaccessinterfacethatcommunicateswithOLEDBcompliantdatasourcestoconnectto,retrieve,manipulate,andupdatedata.
ActiveXDataObjects(Multidimensional)(n)~Ahigh-level,language-independentset
ofobject-baseddataaccessinterfacesoptimizedformultidimensionaldataapplications.
ActiveXDataObjectsMultiDimensional.NET(PN)~A.NETmanageddataprovider
thatprovidesaccesstomultidimensionaldatasources,suchasMicrosoftSQLServer
AnalysisServices.
ActiveXkillbit(n)~AregistryvaluethatcontainstheCLSIDofallcontrolsthatare
vunerabletosecurityflaws.
ActiveXobject(n)~AnobjectsuppliedbyacomponentthatsupportsAutomation.
activity(n)~Apatternofworkperformedtogetherforasinglepurpose.Anactivitymay
useorproduceworkproductsandmaybetrackedbyaworkitem.
activity(n)~Inastatechartdiagram,theresponseanobjectinaparticularstatemakesto
aneventwithoutchangingitsstate.Unlikeactions,activitieshavenon-negligible
executiontimesandcanbeinterrupted.Thekeyworddoindicatesanactivity.
activity(n)~Acollaborativeaction,suchassharing,calendarsharing,orusinga
whiteboard.
activity(n)~AunitofprogrambehaviorinWindowsWorkflowFoundation.Single
activitiescanbecomposedtogetherintomorecomplexactivities.
activity(n)~Auseraction,suchasachangetostatus,socialtags,orprofiles.Notification
ofthesechangescanbesenttootherusersthroughanactivityfeed.
activity(n)~InWindowsLive(primarilythroughprofile),onlineactions,suchas
updatingastatusmessage,publishingphotos,orupdatingprofileinfo.Theseactionscan
takeplaceonWindowsLiveoronotherservicessomeonehasconnectedtotheirprofile,
suchasFacebookorTwitter.Theseactionscanshowupasupdatesinfeedswithin
WindowsLiveoronconnectedservices.
activity(n)~Afunctionalworkstructureinwhichoneormorepersonsandpiecesof
equipmentparticipateandinwhichresourcesareconsumed,produced,andused.An
activitycanbedecomposedintosubactivities.
activity(n)~Asingletaskinarunbookthatperformsaspecificfunction.
activity(n)~Thepostsandcommentsthatareoccurringonasocialnetworkpage,for
exampleaFacebookPage.
activityassembly(n)~A.DLLoran.EXEfilecontaininga.NETassemblythat
implementsthelogicforaworkflowactivity.
activitybutton(n)~Abuttonatthebottomofthenavigationpaneusedforgroupinglist
placesinwhicharecommontoataskoraworkprocessrelevanttotheusersrole.When
theactivitybuttonisactivated,thenavigationpanedisplaysthelinkstothelistplaces
whichhavebeenassignedtothatactivitybuttonandthecontentareadisplaysoneofthe
listplacesassignedtotheactivitybutton.
activitycompany(n)~Anycompanyfromwhichtransactiondataisincludedona
centralizedcustomerstatement.
activitydata(n)~Datageneratedaspartofabusinesstransactionbyexecutinganactivity
withinanapplication.Itischaracterizedbyanexclusivewriteaccesspattern.
activitydiagram(n)~Aspecialcaseofastatechartdiagraminwhichallofthestatesare
actionstatesandthetransitionsaretriggeredbythecompletionofactionsinthesource
state.
activityfeed(n)~Afeedthatprovidesinformation,notificationsandupdatesbasedon
people,documents,andtagsyouarefollowing.
ActivityFeeds(PN)~AsolutioninMicrosoftDynamicsCRMthatdisplayspostsabout
records.
activityimplementer(n)~AuserwhohasbeenassignedtheActivityImplementerrole
andwhoimplementsanassignedmanualactivity.
activitylog(n)~Ahistoricrecordofthestateofasourcedocument.
ActivityMap(PN)~Real-timevisualizationofasteadystreamofpostsonamap.Fresh
postsshowupastheycomeinandolderpostsfadeoutofthemapafterauser-defined
amountoftime.
activitymodel(n)~Apredefinedsequenceofactions.
activitymodelstep(n)~Asynonymforanactionfromtheviewpointofanactivity
model.Whenanactioniscontainedwithinanactivitymodel,itisreferredtoasanactivity
modelstep.
activityoccurrence(n)~Aninstanceofanactivity.
activityplan(n)~Ascheduleforplanningtheactivitiesthatoftenfollowthecompletion
ofaproject.
ActivityPropagation(PN)~Asystemjobthatdistributesactivitiestorecords.
activityreport(n)~Areportthatanadministrator,parent,orguardiancanviewshowing
children’sorfamilymembers’onlineactivity.
ActivityReporting(n)~AnoptiononWindowsParentalControlthat,ifselected,creates
logsofalltheactionsperformedbyauseronthecomputer.
activitystatus(n)~Thecondition,ataparticulartime,ofanactivity.
activitystream(PN)~ThesetofautomaticYammerpostsinarecord.
ActivityTracker(PN)~Afeaturethatallowsausertotrackphysicalactivity.
actor(n)~Apersonorprocessthateitherstartsorparticipatesinanactivity.Actorscanbe
eitherinitiatorsortargets.
actor(n)~Arepresentationofaroleplayedbyanoutsideobject.Onephysicalobject,
therefore,mayberepresentedbyseveralactors.
actor(n)~Anentityinagraphedgethatperformstheaction.
actorclass(n)~ThebasiccomponentofaROOMstructurediagram.Thespaceinsidethe
actorcancontainactorreferences,behaviorendports,referenceports,bindings,andlayer
connections.Thebordercancontainclassrelayportsandclassendports.
actorreference(n)~Theactorsthatdefinecomponentsofyourstructurediagram.Actor
referencescanappearonlyinsideanactorclass.Anactorreferencecanhavereference
portsonitsoutsideborder.
actual(adj)~Pertainingtoinformationthatshowswhathasactuallyoccurred.For
example,theactualstartdateforataskisthedaythatthetaskactuallystarted.
ActualCapacity(n)~Theamountoftimearesourcehasavailabletoworkatanygiven
pointintime.ActualCapacityisequaltoCapacityminusresourcecalendarexceptions
(e.g.offsitetraining,moraleevents,juryduty)andpreviouslyscheduledcommittedwork
(Projecttaskassignmentswithtype=committed).Thisisthemostvaluablemeasurefor
schedulingaresource.
actualcost(n)~Thedefinitecostincurredintheperformanceofanactivity.
actualcost(n)~Thecostofanitemasrecordedonthepurchasereceipt.
actualcostofworkperformed(n)~Theactualcostsincurredforworkalready
performedbyaresourceonatask,uptotheprojectstatusdateortoday’sdate.
actualdemand(n)~Thetotalquantityofanitemrequestedonallorders.
actualdemand(n)~Thedemandforproductsdrivenbycustomerorders.
actualduration(n)~Theamountoftimeataskhasbeeninprogress.
actualquantity(n)~Themeasuredquantitythatisinputintooroutputfromanactivity.
actualvalue(n)~AvalueforaKPIthatiscomparedtoapredefinedtargetvalue.
actualwork(n)~Theamountofworkthathasbeenperformedonataskorassignment.
actuals(n)~Theamountofworkthathasbeenperformedonataskorassignment.
acuteaccent(n)~The-´character.
ACWP(n)~Theactualcostsincurredforworkalreadyperformedbyaresourceonatask,
uptotheprojectstatusdateortoday’sdate.
ad(n)~ApieceofcontenttobedeliveredbyCommerceServerbasedonaspecific
formulafordeliveryreferredtoasNeedofDelivery(NOD).
AD(n)~OneoftheDistributedSystemDesignersthatcompriseTeamArchitect.The
ApplicationDesignerisusedtodesignindividualapplicationsthatcomprisean
applicationsystem.
AD(n)~Aboundarythatthecommonlanguageruntimeestablishesaroundobjects
createdwithinthesameapplicationscope(thatis,anywherealongthesequenceofobject
activationsbeginningwiththeapplicationentrypoint).Applicationdomainshelpisolate
objectscreatedinoneapplicationfromthosecreatedinotherapplicationssothatrun-time
behaviorispredictable.Multipleapplicationdomainscanexistinasingleprocess.
adclick(n)~Ameasurementoftheuser-initiatedactionofrespondingtoanadby
clickingonanelement,causingaredirecttoanotherWeblocation,frame,orpagewithin
theadvertisement.
adclickrate(n)~Theratioofadclickstoadrequests,usedtoquantifyaudienceresponse
toanadvertisement.
ADCS(n)~Asoftwareservicethatissuescertificatesforaparticularcertification
authority(CA).Itprovidescustomizableservicesforissuingandmanagingcertificatesfor
theenterprise.Certificatescanbeusedtoprovideauthenticationsupport,includingsecure
e-mail,Web-basedauthentication,andsmart-cardauthentication.
ADDS(n)~TheMicrosoftWindowsbaseddirectoryservice.ActiveDirectoryDomain
Servicesstoresinformationaboutobjectsonanetworkandmakesthisinformation
availabletousersandnetworkadministrators.
ADFS(n)~AcomponentthatprovidesWebsingle-sign-on(SSO)technologies.AD-FS
providesSSObysecurelysharingdigitalidentityandentitlementrightsacrosssecurity
andenterpriseboundaries.AD-FSsupportstheWS-FederationPassiveRequestorProfile
(WS-FPRP).
adhocnetwork(n)~AtemporarynetworkusedforsharingfilesoranInternet
connection.Inanadhocnetwork,computersanddevicesareconnecteddirectlytoeach
otherinsteadoftoahuborrouter.
adhocreport(n)~Atypeofreportthatrequiresuserstoselectthedatathattheywantto
displayonthereportandtodesignthelayoutofthereport.
adhocreporting(n)~Areportingsystemthatenablesenduserstorunqueriesandcreate
customreportswithouthavingtoknowthetechnicalitiesoftheunderlyingdatabase
schemaandquerysyntax.
adID(n)~Anidentificationnumberthatisgeneratedforanadthatyoucreate.
ADLDS(n)~ALightweightDirectoryAccessProtocol(LDAP)directoryservicethat
providesflexiblesupportfordirectory-enabledapplications,withouttherestrictionsof
ActiveDirectoryDomainServices(ADDS).
ADLDSinstance(n)~AsinglecopyoftheActiveDirectoryLightweightDirectory
Services(ADLDS)directoryservicethatincludesitsassociateddirectorystoreandits
applicationeventlog.
admediation(n)~Atechnologythatenablesapppublisherstosendadrequeststo
multipleadnetworkstoensurethatpublisherscanmatchtherightadnetworkstotheright
inventoryandmaximizetheadrevenue.
ADMS(n)~AMicrosofttechnologythatcreatesjoinedviewsofdatacontainedin
multipledirectoryservices.
adnetwork(n)~AnaggregatororbrokerofadvertisinginventoryforagroupofWeb
sites.Adnetworksactassalesrepresentativesformembersites.
adrequest(n)~AnopportunitytodeliveranadvertisingelementtoaWebsitevisitor.
Requestsaregeneratedbyeventsonthesite,suchasarequestforaparticularpageorthe
purchaseofaspecificitem.TheadusedtofulfilltherequestisdeterminedbytheNeedof
Delivery.
ADRMS(n)~AMicrosofttechnologydesignedtohelpenterprisecustomerscontroland
protectcriticaldigitalinformationbyofferingeasy-to-use,flexible,andpersistentpolicy
expressionandenforcement.
adscheduler(n)~Aprogramofeventsorappointmentstoschedulelargenumberof
advertisements.
ADSync(PN)~Asoftwaretoolforconnectingtodatasources,synchronizingdata
betweendatasources,aswellastheprovisioninganddeprovisioningofidentities.
AD-FSWebAgent(PN)~AninstallableroleserviceofAD-FSthatisusedtocreatean
AD-FS-enabledWebserver.AnAD-FSWebAgentconsumesincomingsecuritytokens
andauthenticationcookiesthataresignedbyavalidfederationserver-€”toeitherallowor
denyauseraccesstotheprotectedapplication-€”whiletakingintoconsideration
application-specificaccesscontrolsettings.
AD-FS-enabledWebserver(n)~AWebserverthatisconfiguredwiththeappropriate
AD-FSWebAgentsoftware-€”eithertheclaims-awareagentortheWindowstoken€“basedagent-€”whichisnecessaryforauthenticatingandauthorizingfederatedaccessto
locallyhosted,Web-basedapplications.
Adamsync(n)~Acommand-linetoolthatsynchronizesdatafromanActiveDirectory
foresttoanActiveDirectoryApplicationMode(ADAM)instance.
adaptedmember(n)~AnapparentmemberofanMshObjectthatissurfacedbyan
adaptedviewofthebaseobject.
adapter(n)~Aprintedcircuitboardthatenablesapersonalcomputertouseaperipheral
device,suchasaCD-ROMdrive,modem,orjoystick,forwhichitdoesnotalreadyhave
thenecessaryconnections,ports,orcircuitboards.Commonly,asingleadaptercardcan
havemorethanoneadapteronit.
adapter(n)~Asoftwarecomponentthatenablesmessageexchangethroughaspecific
transport.
adapterframework(n)~ThespecificationsforbuildingBizTalkadaptersusingopen
standardsbasedonWebServices.
adapterhost(n)~TherootabstractclassAdapter,whichdefinesthehandshakebetween
theadapterandtheStreamInsightserverintheENQUEUEinteractionpoint.Itprovides
alltherequiredadapterservicessuchasmemorymanagement,andexceptionhandling.
adapterobject(n)~Akernel-modeobjecttypethatrepresentsadirectmemoryaccess
(DMA)channel.
adaptivebrightness(n)~Automaticdisplayadjustmentthatchangesthebrightnessof
yourPCscreen(laptopanddesktop)usinglightenvironmentinformationprovidedbythe
ambientlightsensor.
adaptivecompression(n)~Datacompressionsoftwarethatcontinuallyanalyzesand
compensatesitsalgorithm,dependingonthetypeandcontentofthedataandthestorage
medium.
adaptiveformat(n)~AtypeofformatthatusesExtensibleApplicationMarkup
Language(XAML’)tooptimizethelayoutofapage.Bydeclaringadocumentadaptive
adaptivelayout(n)~Alayoutsystemthatenablesthevisualelementsinanapplicationto
adapttochangesinthesizeoftheoverallapplicationwindow.
adaptivelayout(n)~Alayoutthathasbeenpre-definedfordifferentorientationorsize
thresholds.
AdaptiveSQM(PN)~AnextensiontoSQMthatallowsMicrosofttocauseclients
sendingreportsmatchingapatterntoperformsomepredefinedaction.
adaptivestreaming(n)~Amethodofstreamingvideothatenablesaudioandvideo,
playedbackfromtheWeb,todynamicallyadjustitsplaybackqualityaccordingtothe
bandwidthcapabilitiesoftheuserwhoisplayingbackthevideo.
adaptiveupdate(n)~Anupdateprocessthatusesananalysisofhistoricalinformation
accumulatedoverallpreviousupdatestodeterminewhichdocumentsarelikelytohave
changed.Onlythiscontentisaccessedduringthecrawl.
ADC(n)~AnActiveDirectorysynchronizationagentthatprovidesanautomatedwayof
keepingdirectoryinformationconsistentbetweendirectories.
adCenterDesktop(PN)~BingAdsEditorisadesktopapplicationthatenablesusersto
managetheirBingAdspaidsearchcampaignsoffline.
Add(v)~Abuttononthe‘AddaPersontotheCall’dialogbox.Onceacallisconnected,
clickingAddaddsthecalltothecurrentconversation.
add(v)~Tojoinorcombinetherebyincreasingthequantityorsizeofsomething.
AddaContact…(PN)~AnitemontheContactsmenuthatopensawizardtoguidethe
userthroughthestepstoaddoneormorepersonsfromthecorporateaddressbooktothe
user’spersonalcontactlist.
AddaPersontotheCall(oth)~AbuttoninaconversationwindowthatopenstheAdda
PersontotheCall’dialogbox.Theusercancallanumberfortheselectedparticipantto
addthemtothecurrentcall.’
addcall(PN)~Abuttonthatappearsduringanactivephonecall,allowingausertoadd
anotherpersontohis/herconferencecall.
Addcontent(PN)~ThebuttoninSwaythatallowsfortheadditionofHeaders,Textand
MediafromtheWeborlocaldevice,andLayoutoptionsattheindicatedlocation.
AddDomainsarea(n)~TheareaoftheOrganizationspagewherehostedcustomerscan
setupadditionaldomains.
AddServiceReference(v)~DialogboxenablestheusertoaddreferencestoWindows
CommunicationFoundation(WCF)servicesandWCFDataServices.
AddSourceSafeDatabaseWizard(n)~AwizardthatlocatesandconfiguresaVisual
SourceSafedatabase.Ifyoucannotfindanexistingdatabasetouse,thewizardallowsyou
tocreateanewone.
AddTimeStamp(v)~AbuttonintheCommentssectionthattheusercanclicktoadda
dateortimestamp.
AddtoContactsList(PN)~Anitemontheshortcutmenuthataddsaselectedpersonto
theuser’sContactslist.
Addtodictionary(PN)~Amenuitemthatenablestheusertoaddawordmarkedasa
misspellingtothedictionaryusedbythespellingchecker.
AddtoOneNote(v)~AUIoptionthatenablestheusertoaddcontentfromanapplication
toOneNote.
addendum(n)~Thepartofanagreementthatdefinesthebusinessprocessthatisused,
yourrole,yourpartner’srole,andthepoliciesorparametersthatareusedinthat
relationshipalongwithdocumentation,suchasalistofbusinessandlegalterms.
add-in(n)~Asupplementalprogramthatcanextendthecapabilitiesofanapplication
program.
add-infunction(n)~Aworksheetfunctionthatisprovidedbyanadd-in,insteadofbeing
built-in.
add-inview(n)~Inthe.NETFrameworkadd-inprogrammingmodel,anassemblythat
containsinterfacesorabstractbaseclasses,andrepresentstheadd-in’sviewofthe
methodsandtypesusedtocommunicatewithahost.
add-in-sideadapter(n)~Inthe.NETFrameworkadd-inprogrammingmodel,an
assemblythatcontainsoneormoreclasses,andconvertsdatatoandfromtheadd-inview
andthecontract.Dependingonthedirectionofthecall,theadapteriseitherconverting
fromaviewtoacontractorfromacontracttoaview.
additionoperator(n)~The+character,usedtoindicateadditionorapositivenumber.
AdditionalActions(PN)~Acontext-menucommandthatcanlaunchanoperationwitha
selecteditemasaparameterorretrieveinformationabouttheselecteditem.Actionsare
enabledbycubeadministratorsandaredefinedinSQLServerAnalysisServices.
additionaldisplay(n)~Acomputermonitorthatsupplementsthemainmonitor.
additionalrequirement(n)~AlistofrequirementsandperipheralsintheWindowsStore
thathelptheapphaveoptimalfunctionality.
add-on(n)~Adevicethatisaddedtothebasecomputersystemtoincreasefunctionality,
suchasaudio,networking,graphics,orSCSIcontroller.
add-ondevice(n)~Adevicethatisaddedtothebasecomputersystemtoincrease
functionality,suchasaudio,networking,graphics,orSCSIcontroller.
add-onpackage(n)~AnXMLfileintheaddonsfolderoftheDatastore.Add-on
packagesareusedtodeployfilesoranapplicationtoadeviceoremulator.
address(n)~AstringthatidentifiesausersothattheusercanreceiveInternetemail.An
emailaddressontheInternettypicallyconsistsofanaccountname,[email protected](at)
symbol,ahostname,andadomainname.
address(n)~Auniqueidentifierthatidentifiesanetworknodetoothernodesonthe
network.
address(n)~Anumberspecifyingalocationinmemorywheredataisstored.
address(v)~Toreferenceaparticularstoragelocation.
address(n)~Thepathtoanobject,document,file,page,orotherdestination.Anaddress
canbeaURL(Webaddress)oraUNCpath(networkaddress),andcanincludeaspecific
locationwithinafile,suchasabookmarkwithinadocumentoracellrangewithina
spreadsheet.
AddressBarTopResult(PN)~Thefeaturethatallowsuserstonavigatedirectlytothe
webpageofthetop-rankedsearchresultwhenasearchisperformedintheaddressbar.
addressbook(n)~Acollectionofcontactinformationforparticularindividuals,groups
ororganizations.
AddressBook(PN)~Adirectorythatyoucanusetostorenames,e-mailaddresses,fax
numbers,anddistributionlists.
addressbook(n)~Alistofpartyrecords.
AddressBookService(n)~AservicethatrunsonanOfficeCommunicationsServer
FrontEndServeranddailysynchronizesSIPuserdataontheclientwithrefreshesfrom
ActiveDirectory.
addressclass(n)~ApredefinedgroupingofInternetaddresseswitheachclassdefining
networksofacertainsize.Therangeofnumbersthatcanbeassignedforthefirstoctetin
theIPaddressisbasedontheaddressclass.ClassAnetworks(values1to127)arethe
largest,withmorethan16millionhostspernetwork.ClassBnetworks(128to191)have
upto65,534hostspernetwork,andClassC(192to223)canhaveupto254hostsper
network.
addresslist(n)~AcollectionofrecipientandotherActiveDirectoryobjects.Each
addresslistcancontainoneormoretypesofobjects(forexample,users,contacts,groups,
publicfolders,conferencing,andotherresources).
addressmask(n)~Anumberthat,whencomparedbythecomputerwithanetwork
addressnumber,willblockoutallbutthenecessaryinformation.Forexample,ina
networkthatusesXXX.XXX.XXX.YYYandwhereallcomputerswithinthenetworkuse
thesamefirstaddressnumbers,themaskwillblockoutXXX.XXX.XXXanduseonlythe
significantnumbersintheaddress,YYY.
AddressName(PN)~AnattributeoftheAddressentityusedtoidentifyanaddress.Itisa
requiredfieldontheAddressform.
addresspool(n)~TheaddresseswithinaDHCPscoperangeofaddressesthatare
availableforleaseddistributiontoclients.
addressrange(n)~AcontiguousrangeofIPaddresses.
addressrecord(n)~AtypeofresourcerecordintheDomainNameSystemthat
associatesaspecificIPaddresswithadomainname.Thisistherecordthatcontainsthe
informationthatconnectsyourdomainnametoyouractualWebsitecontentwhenpeople
typeyourdomainnameintoabrowser.
addressreservation(n)~ProcessofconfiguringDHCPsothatacertainclientalways
receivesthesameIPaddressleaseatstartup.
addressresolution(n)~Theidentificationofacomputer’sIPaddressbyfindingthe
correspondingmatchinanaddressmappingtable.
AddressResolutionProtocol(n)~InTCP/IP,aprotocolthatusesbroadcasttrafficonthe
localnetworktoresolvealogicallyassignedInternetProtocolversion4(IPv4)addressto
itsphysicalhardwareormediaaccesscontrol(MAClayeraddress.Inasynchronous
transfermode(ATM),ARPisusedtwodifferentways.ForclassicalIPv4overATM
(CLIP),ARPisusedtoresolveaddressestoATMhardwareaddreses.ForATMLAN
emulation(LANE),ARPisusedtoresolveEthernet/802.3orTokenRingaddressesto
ATMhardwareaddresses.
addressrewriting(n)~FunctionalityavailableonReceiveconnectorsandSend
connectorsontheExchangeServer2007EdgeTransportserverthatletse-mail
administratorsmodifytheSMTPaddressesofsendersandrecipientsonmessagesthat
enterandleaveanExchangeorganization.Addressrewritingletsanorganizationpresenta
consistentappearancetoexternalrecipientsofmessagesfromtheorganization.
AddressRewritingagent(n)~AnagentontheReceiveconnectorandSendconnectoron
acomputerthathastheEdgeTransportserverroleinstalled,whichletse-mail
administratorsmodifytheaddressesofsendersandrecipientsonmessagesthatenterand
leaveanExchangeServer2007organization.
AddressRewritingInboundagent(n)~AddressRewritingagentformessagesthatenter
anExchangeServer2007organization.
AddressRewritingOutboundagent(n)~AddressRewritingagentformessagesthat
leaveanExchangeServer2007organization.
addressverificationservice(n)~Theservicethatisprovidedbyacreditcardprocessor
thatvalidatesthatthebillingaddressprovidedbyacardholdermatchestheinformation
onfilewiththeissuingbank.
addressing(n)~Theprocessofassigningorreferringtoanaddress.Inprogramming,the
addressistypicallyavaluespecifyingamemorylocation.
ADEfile(n)~AMicrosoftAccessproject(.adp)filewithallmodulescompiledandall
editablesourcecoderemoved.
adequatestack(n)~Acriticalcheckforservicesandothersystemprocesseswhichrun
aftertheoperatingsystemhasbooted-examplesincludewinlogon,csrss,smss,and
servicesingeneral.Itensuresthatanapplicationhassufficientstackspace,asthistest
disablesstackgrowthaftertheteststarts.
ADF(n)~Anattachmentavailableonsomescannersthatallowsautomaticscanningof
multiplepages.
ADF(n)~AnXMLfilethatfullydescribesasingleNotificationServicesapplication.The
ADFfilecontainstheschemasfortheevents,subscriptions,andnotifications;therulesfor
matchingeventswithsubscriptions;andmayprovidethenameoftheXSLTfileusedto
formatgeneratednotifications.
AdHocLicenseAdministrator(n)~Theroleentitledtoallowaccessandmanage
licensesgrantedforspecificproblemsortasks,notintendedtobeapttootherpurposes.
adhocnetwork(n)~AtemporarynetworkusedforsharingfilesoranInternetconnection.
Inanadhocnetwork,computersanddevicesareconnecteddirectlytoeachotherinstead
oftoahuborrouter.
ad-hocnetwork(n)~AtemporarynetworkusedforsharingfilesoranInternet
connection.Inanadhocnetwork,computersanddevicesareconnecteddirectlytoeach
otherinsteadoftoahuborrouter.
adjacentcell(n)~Acellthatisinthesamerowasandadjoinsthecurrentcellina
worksheet.
AdjustTimeStamp(v)~Acontrolthatallowsuserstoadjustthetimeanimageoraset
ofimageswastaken.Particularlyusefulwhenacamerawasnotsettotheappropriatetime
zone.
adjustablecell(n)~Acellthatcanbemodifiedtomeetthesizespecifications.
adjustedcost(n)~Thecostofgoodsthathavebeenupdatedwithchangesintheoriginal
purchasepricesofthegoods.
adjustedpercentage(n)~Theamounttobetakenoffthepriceofeachunitoftheproduct
orservice.
adjustedprice(n)~Theunitorsalepriceoftheproduct,multipliedbytheadjusted
percentage.Thisisdisplayedinthelocalcurrency(thatis,thecurrencyofyourinstalled
locale).
adjustedpricevalue(n)~Similartoadjustedprice,exceptitisnotdisplayedinthelocal
currency(thatis,thereisnocurrencyassociatedwiththeprice).
adjustedprofit(n)~Aprofittakenonthesolditem,takingintoconsiderationchangesin
theoriginalpurchasepricesofthegoods.
adjustedunitprice(n)~Thecalculatedunitpricebasedontheattribute-basedpricing
andtheactualpotencyreceived.
adjustment(n)~Achangetoanaccounttocorrectorupdatethebalance.
adjustmenthandle(n)~Adiamond-shapedhandleusedtoadjusttheappearancebutnot
thesizeofmostAutoShapes.Forexample,youcanadjustaroundedrectangletobemore
orlessrounded.
ADM(PN)~AservicethatallowssendingpushnotificationsfromthecloudtoAmazon
devicestohelpengagewithcustomersandcreatenewopportunitiesformonetizationwith
appsorgames.
ADMA(PN)~TheIdentityLifecycleManagermanagementagentprovidedbyMicrosoft
toconnecttoActiveDirectoryDomainServices(ADDS)orActiveDirectorydirectory
service.
admin(n)~Apersonwhomanagesaccountsanddeterminessafetysettings.
AdminApprovalMode(n)~AsecurityfeatureofWindowsthatallowsadministratorsto
performnormalday-to-daytaskswhilerunningwithastandardusertoken.If
administratorprivilegesareneededforanoperation,theadministratorwillbenotifiedand
askedtoprovideeitherconsentorcredentials,dependingonsystempolicysettings.
Administration(n)~AfeatureofMicrosoftOfficeLiveWebsitesandSharedSitesthat
allowsuserstorestoretheirWebsiteorSharedSitesfrombackupsmaintainedon
Microsoftservers.ThisfeaturealsoallowsuserstoswitchtoMicrosoftFrontPagefor
creatingtheirWebpagesandtoselectatimezonefortheirSharedSites.
AdministrationCentermode(n)~AmodeforuploadinganaddresslistfiletoDirectory
ServicesviatheAdministrationCenteruserinterface.Thisisoneofthethreeupload
modesinEHS.Thismodedoesnotpermitspecifyingmultipledomainsperfile.
AdministrationConsole(PN)~Athinclientthatallowsmembersoftheglobal
administratorroletomakeconfigurationstoanycomputerthatisrunning
PerformancePointPlanningServer.Configurationsincludecreatingandediting
applications,creatingandeditingmodelsites,addinguserstoPerformancePointPlanning
Serverapplications,andaddinguserstoorremovingusersfromtheglobaladministrator
role,theModelerrole,ortheuseradministratorrole.
Administrationdatabase(n)~TheSQLServerdatabasethatstorestheconfigurationdata
fortheresourcesforallcomputersbeingrunaspartofthesame(logical)installationof
CommerceServer.CommerceServerSetupcreatesthisdatabase.
AdministrationPackforIIS7(PN)~TheAdministrationPackforIIS7contains
additionalmanagementfeaturesforIIS7,including:AdministrationUIsupportfor
ASP.NETauthorization,customerrors,FastCGIconfiguration,andRequestFiltering.
Administrationpage(n)~ThemainAdministrationCenterpage,fromwhichallother
monitoringandmanagingfunctionsareaccessibleviacolumns,tabs,andpop-up
windows.
administrationport(n)~TheInternetInformationServices(IIS)virtualserverandport
usedforSharePointCentralAdministration.
Administrationview(n)~TheviewintheVirtualMachineManagerAdministrator
ConsoleinwhichtheadministratormanagesVirtualMachineManageragentsdeployedon
virtualmachinehostsandlibraryservers,configuressystemwidesettingsforVirtual
MachineManager,andmanagesWebserversusedinvirtualmachineself-service.
administrativeclosure(n)~Theprocessofdocumentingandarchivingaprojectina
timelymanner,aswellasformallyacceptingtheproject’sproductandlessonslearned.
administrativecredentials(n)~Logoninformationthatisusedtoidentifyamemberof
anadministrativegroup.Groupsthatuseadministrativecredentialsinclude
Administrators,DomainAdmins,andDNSAdmins.Mostsystem-wideordomain-wide
tasksrequireadministrativecredentials.
administrativeprivilege(n)~Theprivilegeofanadministratorofacomputersystemto
controlwhichusershavetherighttoperformvariousadministrativefunctions.
administrativereport(n)~AreportrunbyaSystemAdministrator.
administrativerole(n)~AnaccessprivilegeinPerformancePointServerthatconsistsof
predefinedrolesfordesignandmaintenanceofsysteminfrastructure.
administrativesetup(n)~Amodeofsetupthatallowsnetworkadministratorstosilently
deploytoclientcomputers.
administrativetask(n)~Anoperationthatcanonlybeperformedbyanadministrator,
notastandarduser.
AdministrativeTemplates(PN)~Afeaturethatgivesaccesstoacollectionoffilesthat
providepolicysettinginformationfortheitemsthatappearundertheAdministrative
TemplatesfolderintheconsoletreeoftheLocalGroupPolicyEditorandwheneditinga
GroupPolicyobjectusingtheGroupPolicyManagementConsole.Theindividualfilesare
intheADMXandADMLfileformat.
AdministrativeTime(n)~Allofaresource’stimenotdevotedtoaformalproject’
(includesWorkingandNon-WorkingTime).’
administrativeusers(oth)~Theusersandsecuritygroupsthataregrantedadministrative
rightswithinConfigurationManager.Theseusersandgroupsareassociatedwith
collections,securityroles,andsecurityscopestograntadministrativepermissions.
administrator(n)~Thepersoninchargeofmanagingacomputer.Theadministratoris
responsibleforinstallingsoftware,assigningpasswords,andmanagingfiles.
administrator(n)~Thepersonresponsibleforsettingupandmanaginglocalcomputers,
stand-aloneservers,memberservers,ordomaincontrollers.Anadministratorperforms
suchdutiesasassigninguseraccountsandpasswords,establishingsecurityaccesslevels,
watchingforunauthorizedaccess,allocatingstoragespace,andhelpinguserswith
networkingproblems.
administrator(PN)~OnWindows-basedcomputers,auseraccountthatisamemberof
thecomputer’slocalAdministratorsgrouporamemberofagroupthatisamemberofthe
localAdministratorsgroup,suchastheDomainAdminsgroupinaWindowsdomain.
Thisisthefirstaccountthatiscreatedwhenyouinstallanoperatingsystemonanew
workstation,stand-aloneserver,ormemberserver.Bydefault,thisaccounthasthehighest
levelofadministrativeaccesstothelocalcomputer.
Administrator(n)~Anoptiononauseraccountsetupdialogthatcreatesanadministrator
account.
administrator(n)~Apersonwhomanagesaccountsanddeterminessafetysettings.
administrator(n)~AWindowsLiveaccountthatmanagesasubscription.
administrator(n)~AnemployeeofhostedcustomerswhocanaccesstheAdministration
Centertoadministertheirorganization’sEHSservice.
Administrator(PN)~Highestlevelofuserrole.Administratorscanchange
instance/applicationsettingsandmanageusers.
administratoraccount(n)~OnWindows-basedcomputers,auseraccountthatisa
memberofthecomputer’slocalAdministratorsgrouporamemberofagroupthatisa
memberofthelocalAdministratorsgroup,suchastheDomainAdminsgroupina
Windowsdomain.Thisisthefirstaccountthatiscreatedwhenyouinstallanoperating
systemonanewworkstation,stand-aloneserver,ormemberserver.Bydefault,this
accounthasthehighestlevelofadministrativeaccesstothelocalcomputer.
administratoraccount(n)~Atypeofuseraccountthatallowscompleteaccesstothe
computer.Administratorscanmakeanydesiredchanges.Thisaccounttypeisnot
recommendedfordailyuse,andshouldonlybeusedwhennecessary.
administratorauditlog(n)~Anauditingrecordthatrecordsanyaction,basedona
WindowsPowerShellcmdlet,performedbyanadministrator.Thiscanhelpthe
administratortroubleshootconfigurationissuesoridentifythecauseofsecurity-or
compliance-relatedproblems.
AdministratorConsole(PN)~Theconsolethatprovidesaccesstotheadministrative
functionsofVirtualMachineManager.
administratormode(n)~ThemodeofaSurfaceunitwhentheWindowsoperating
systemisavailable.Inadministratormode,administratorscanadministertheWindows
operatingsystemanddeveloperscandevelopandtestapplicationswhilerunningthe
SurfaceInputapplication.
AdministratorRecoveryreport(n)~ADPSreportthatprovidesstatisticson
administrator-initiatedrecoveries.
administratorrole(n)~Acollectionofrightsthatallowsausertomodifyallwebsite
contentandmanagesitesettingsandaccounts.
administratorrole(n)~Apredefinedsecuritygroupthatprovidesspecificpermissionsto
allowrolememberstomanageExchangeconfigurationdata.Exchange2007providesthe
followingfouradministratorroles:ExchangeRecipientAdministrators,Exchange
OrganizationAdministrators,ExchangeServerAdministrators,andExchangeView-Only
Administrators.
administratorrolegroup(n)~Auniversalsecuritygroupwithadministrativerights
assignedtoit.Theseadministrativerightsarespecifiedbybuilt-inmanagementroles,
whicharepartoftherole-basedaccesscontrol(RBAC)permissionsmodelinExchange
Server2010.
administratorroleseparation(n)~Theabilitytodelegatelocaladministrative
permissionsforaread-onlydomaincontroller(RODC)toanydomainuserwithout
grantingthatuseranyuserrightsforthedomainorotherdomaincontrollers.
administratorsetup(n)~Amodeofsetupthatallowsnetworkadministratorstosilently
deploytoclientcomputers.
Administratoruserrole(PN)~Arolethatisusedtolimitthehostgroupsandlibrary
serversonwhichanadministratorcanperformVirtualMachineManageradministrative
tasks.
administrator-approvedformtemplate(n)~Abrowser-compatibleformtemplatethat
hasbeenuploadedbyanadministratortoaserverrunningInfoPathFormsServices.An
administrator-approvedformtemplatecanincludecode.
Administratorsgroup(n)~Onalocalcomputer,agroupwhosemembershavethe
highestlevelofadministrativeaccesstothelocalcomputer.
Adminsgroup(n)~Thesystemadministrator’sgroupaccountthatretainsfull
permissionsonalldatabasesusedbyaworkgroup.TheSetupprogramautomaticallyadds
thedefaultAdminuseraccounttotheAdminsgroup.
admissioncontrol(n)~Theserviceusedtoadministrativelycontrolnetworkresourceson
sharednetworksegments.
ADMXfiles(n)~One.admxand.admlfile,joinedbyacommonname,thatareusedto
describeGroupPolicysettingsinGroupPolicymanagementtools.
ADN(PN)~AresourceoftheContentDeliveryNetworkserviceasasuiteoftechnologies
deployedtogethertoprovideapplicationavailability,security,visibility,andacceleration.
ADNDataTransfer(GB)(n)~TheunitofmeasureforADN.
ADO(n)~AdataaccessinterfacethatcommunicateswithOLEDB-compliantdata
sourcestoconnectto,retrieve,manipulate,andupdatedata.
ADOconnection(n)~AconnectionthatusestheActiveXDataObjects(ADO)data
accessinterface.
ADOdatasource(n)~Dataandtheinformationthatisneededtoaccessthatdatafrom
applicationsanddatabasesthatsupporttheActiveXDataObjects(ADO)dataaccess
interface.
ADOMD(n)~Ahigh-level,language-independentsetofobject-baseddataaccess
interfacesoptimizedformultidimensionaldataapplications.
ADO.NET(n)~Thesuiteofdataaccesstechnologiesincludedinthe.NETFramework
classlibrariesthatprovideaccesstorelationaldataandXML.ADO.NETconsistsof
classesthatmakeuptheDataSet(suchastables,rows,columns,relations,andsoon),
.NETFrameworkdataproviders,andcustomtypedefinitions(suchasSqlTypesforSQL
Server).
ADO.NETEntityFrameworkTools(PN)~ThetoolsetavailableaspartofEntity
Framework.
ADOMD.NET(n)~A.NETmanageddataproviderthatprovidesaccessto
multidimensionaldatasources,suchasMicrosoftSQLServerAnalysisServices.
Adorner(PN)~Acontrolthatcanaddfunctionalhandlestoavisualelementthatenablea
usertomanipulatetheelementinsomeway(resize,rotate,reposition,etc.).
adorner(n)~Aspecialglyphonthedesignsurface.Adornersareusuallyattachedtoa
targetcontrol,andtheygivetheuseragraphicalmeansofadjustingthecontrol’s
properties.
adornment(n)~Acontrolorstatusareathatisattachedtotheedgeofapaneorwindow,
suchasatoolbarorruler.
ADSI(n)~AdirectoryservicemodelandasetofComponentObjectModel(COM)
interfaces.ADSIenablesWindowsapplicationsandActiveDirectoryclientstoaccess
severalnetworkdirectoryservices,includingActiveDirectory.
ADSL(n)~Ahigh-bandwidthdigitaltransmissiontechnologythatusesexistingphone
linesandalsoallowsvoicetransmissionsoverthesamelines.Mostofthetrafficis
transmitteddownstreamtotheuser,generallyatratesof512Kbpstoabout6Mbps.
ADSync(PN)~Asoftwaretoolforconnectingtodatasources,synchronizingdata
betweendatasources,aswellastheprovisioninganddeprovisioningofidentities.
ADT(n)~Atableofattributenames,numbersanddescriptions.
adultcontent(n)~Contentformatureaudiences.
adultcontent(n)~Thepreferredtermformaturecontent.Don’tuseexplicit’or€œsexuallyexplicit.-€?’
AdultsOnly(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftwareRating
Board(ESRB).
advanceshipnotice(n)~Abusinessdocumentthatdocumentsthenotificationofthe
shipmentofproduct.
AdvancedAuthorrole(n)~Acollectionofrightsthatallowstheusertoview,add,and
changepages,documentsinlibraries,discussionboards,themes,andborders,aswellas
managetasksandrecalculatelinks.Adefaultrole.
AdvancedClient(n)~AnSMS2003clienttype,supportedonWindows2000orlater
operatingsystems,thatcanbeassignedtoaConfigurationManagermixedmodesite.
AdvancedConfigurationandPowerInterface(PN)~Anopenindustryspecification
thatdefinespowermanagementonawiderangeofmobile,desktop,andservercomputers
andperipherals.ACPIisthefoundationfortheOnNowindustryinitiativethatallows
systemmanufacturerstodelivercomputersthatstartatthetouchofakeyboard.ACPI
designisessentialtotakefulladvantageofpowermanagementandPlugandPlay.
AdvancedConnectionSettings(PN)~ThenameofthedialogboxinLyncandOffice
Communicatorwhereausercanconfiguretheirconnectionsettingstoaserver.
AdvancedEncryptionStandard(n)~Acryptographicalgorithmspecifiedbythe
NationalInstituteofStandardsandTechnology(NIST)toprotectsensitiveinformation.
AdvancedFiltertab(n)~Atab,locatedontheActionmenuintheFilterReportgroup,
thatenablestheusertofurtherrefinetherecordsforareport.
AdvancedFind(n)~Atoolusedtosearchforspecificrecordsandactivities.With
AdvancedFind,userscanspecifyfields,conditions,andvaluestosearchon,inorderto
receiveadetailedresultlistofrecordsandactivities.
AdvancedGroupPolicyManagement(PN)~AnextensiontotheGroupPolicy
ManagementConsole(GPMC)thatprovideschangecontrolandenhancedmanagement
forGroupPolicyobjects(GPOs).
advancedlist(n)~Atypeoflisttaskpagewheretheprimaryactionisselectinganentity
fromthelist.UsersaccesstheadvancedlistthroughtheAdvancedlinkonthedropdown
list.Iftheusercannotfindtheinformationtheyneedonthesimpledrop-downlist,they
maychoosetoviewthemorecompleteadvancedlistwheretheycanviewallthefieldsfor
aparticularentity.
advancedmapping(n)~Thelinkthatisestablishedwhenanadministratormapsusers
withdifferentWindowsandUNIXnamesormultipleWindowsusernamestothesame
UNIXusername.
advancedmembership(n)~Themembershipstatusthatconfigurestheanti-malware
applicationtosendinformationtoMicrosoftaboutmalicioussoftware,spyware,and
potentiallyunwantedsoftware.Thisstatusallowsmoreinformationtobesentthanthe
basicmembershipallows.
AdvancedPeer-to-PeerNetworking(n)~AnupgradetoIBMSystemsNetwork
Architecturethatsupportsdistributedsessioncontrolservicesanddynamicrouting,
avoidingdependenciesoncentralizedmainframenetworkservices.
AdvancedPowerManagement(n)~Anolderpowermanagementtechnologyusedin
mobilePCsbeforetheimplementationofAdvancedConfigurationandPowerInterface
(ACPI).AdvancedPowerManagementisasoftwareinterfacethatfunctionsbetweenthe
BIOSpower-managementsoftwarethatisspecifictothehardwareandapowermanagementpolicydriverthatisrunbytheoperatingsystem.
advancedpricing(n)~Logicusedtocalculatethepurchasepriceofapotencyitem.
advancedprogrammableinterruptcontroller(oth)~Aprogrammableinterrupt
controller(PIC)thatprovidesmultiprocessorinterruptmanagement.AnAPIC
incorporatesbothstaticanddynamicsymmetricinterruptdistributionacrossall
processors.ItusuallyhasmoreavailableinterruptlinesthanatypicalPIC.
AdvancedProgram-to-ProgramCommunication(oth)~AnIBMSystemsNetwork
ArchitecturecommunicationsmethodthatusestheLU6.2protocoltoestablish,manage,
andterminatenetworkcommunicationbetweenprogramsinadistributedcomputing
environment.
AdvancedProgram-to-ProgramCommunicationFileTransferProtocol(n)~Afile
transferprotocolusedinIBMhostsystems,theIBMAdvancedProgram-to-Program
CommunicationsequivalenttotheTCP/IPFileTransferProtocol.
AdvancedQuerySyntax(PN)~Asearchquerysyntaxthathelpsproducemoreprecise
searchresultsbyusingtargetedqueriesthatsearchspecificpropertiesinamessagetype.
AQSdefinescertainkeywordswhichcanbeusedtorefinethesearchquery,suchas
specifyingbooleanoperationsonsearchedterms(AND,OR,NOT)aswellastospecify
furtherfiltersbasedonfilemetadataorfiletype.Itcanalsobeusedtolimitresultsfrom
specificinformationstoreslikeregularfiles,offlinefilescache,ore-mailstores.
advancedsearch(n)~Afeaturethatenablesuserstobuildrobust,targetedqueriesthat
includesearchoperators.TheleastcomplexofwhicharetheBooleanoperatorsmany
usersarefamiliarwith.Inaddition,customerscanuseadvancedoperatorssuchas
contains:’or‘inanchor:’or‘site:’Customerscanaddoperatoruponoperatorandwatch
theirquerychangeinthesearchbox.’
advancedsearch(n)~Asearchfeaturethatallowsuserstobuildrobust,targetedqueries
thatincludesearchoperators.
AdvancedStreamRedirector(PN)~Aformatthatiscommonlyusedtodeliverdigital
mediatoclients(WindowsMediaPlayerandSilverlight).
AdvancedSyncsettings(n)~Settingsformanagingbandwidthandstorageparameters
fordirectorysynchronization.
AdvancedSystemsFormat(n)~Alow-overheaddataformatformultimediastreams.It
encapsulatesimages,audio,AVI,andsoforth,aswellasURLs,andallowsforthe
synchronizationoftheseobjectswithinthestream.WindowsMediaTechnologiescan
streamASFformattedcontentandcanstoreASFstreamsas.asffiles.
Advanceduser(n)~AunitofmeasureforusersoftheVisualStudioOnlineAdvanced
serviceoffering.
adversary(n)~Adisfavoredpersonaorpersonawiththeobjectiveofgainingaccesstoan
asset.Examplesofadversariesincludehackers.
adverseevent(n)~Anyproblematicmedicaloccurrencethatmayhappenduringa
medicaltreatmentinvolvingdrugs.Theadverseeventmaynotnecessarilybecausedby
thedrugtreatment.
advertise(v)~Tomakeaprogram,softwareupdatedeployment,ortasksequence
availabletoclientsviaacollection.
advertisedprogram(n)~Aprogramthathasbeenadvertisedtoacollection.
advertisement(n)~AConfigurationManagerobjectthatthesiteserversendsasa
notificationtothemanagementpoints,specifyingthataprogram,softwareupdate
deployment,ortasksequenceisavailableforclients.
advertisement(n)~Amessageplacedinamassmedium(andusuallypaidforbythe
advertiser)topersuadetargetedcustomersorprospects.
advertiser(n)~Thecompanyplacing,andoftenpayingfor,apromotionalmessage,or
advertisement.
advertisingasset(n)~Apieceofcontentprovidedbyanadvertiserthatisusedinoneor
moreadvertisementsthatrunonyoursite,forexample,text,aphotograph,oracompany
logo.Thecontentisownedandcontrolledbytheoriginatingadvertiser.
advertisingcampaigngoaling(n)~Determiningthenumberofadstodeliverina
specifiedamountoftime.Youcangoalbyanyevent,suchasclicksoramountsold.
advertisingID(n)~Anidentifierusedbyappdevelopersandadvertisingnetworksto
providemorerelevantadvertisingtousersbyunderstandingwhichappstheyuseandhow
theyusethem.
advisoryhour(n)~ThecurrencyusedtoaccesscertainkeyservicesofferedtoMicrosoft
PartnerNetworkmemberstohelpthembuildtheirskillsetwithtrainingpoweredby
MicrosoftServices,andgetcustomizedguidanceforcompeting,developing,and
deployingsolutionsforcustomers.
advisorymode(n)~AnoptionforActiveDirectoryreplicationthatspecifiesthat
lingeringobjectsshouldbedisplayed,butnotdeleted.
adware(n)~Advertisingthatisintegratedintosoftware.Adwareisoftencombinedwitha
hostapplicationthatisprovidedatnochargeaslongastheuseragreestoacceptthe
adware.
AE(n)~Amethodofencryptionthatusesapairofmathematicallyrelatedkeys:apublic
keyandacorrespondingprivatekey.Eitherkeycanbeusedtoencryptdata,butthe
correspondingkeymustbeusedtodecryptit.
AEM(PN)~Asoftwareproductthatcanbeusedtoperformcentralizedinstallation,
reporting,andadministrationofAntigenonallserversinanenvironment.
AEM(n)~AfeatureinOperationsManagerthatallowsthecollectionofclientapplication
crashdatatoasinglelocationonamanagementserver,resultingindatathatcanthenbe
analyzedbyyourcompanyforpatterns.
aerialview(n)~Amapviewcreatedfromaerialphotosthatshowsbuildings,roads,and
geographicalfeatures.
Aero(n)~ThevisualexperienceofthepremiumWindowsVistaeditions.WindowsAero
buildsontheBasicandStandarduserexperiencestooffercustomersourbest-designed,
highest-performingdesktopenvironment.AnoticeableelementofthenewWindowsAero
experienceistheprofessional-looking,transparentglassdesign,whichcreatesanopen,
lightweightenvironmentbutmoreimportantlyenablesuserstofocusontheircontent
ratherthantheinterface.
AeroGlass(n)~AgraphicmodethatisavailablewithAeroUIthatsupports3Dgraphics,
visualeffects,andanimationaswellastheregularfeaturesofAeroUI.
AeroWizard(n)~Awizardthatallowsthird-partydeveloperstoachievethesamelookin
theirdialogboxesasAero.
AES(n)~AcryptographicalgorithmspecifiedbytheNationalInstituteofStandardsand
Technology(NIST)toprotectsensitiveinformation.
AESSecureDelivery(PN)~TheservicetypeoftheMediaServicebasedonAdvanced
EncryptionStandard.
AF(PN)~Aclassforthedeliveryofvideomediastreams.
affiliate(n)~AnorganizationorpersonthatpromotesSkypeonitswebsiteor(re)sellsits
regularproducts.
affiliateapplication(n)~AlogicalentityinEnterpriseSingleSign-On(SSO),definedby
theadministrator,thatrepresentsasystemorsubsystemsuchasahost,back-endsystem,
orline-of-businessapplicationtowhichyouareconnectingusingSSO.Anaffiliate
applicationcanrepresentanon-WindowssystemsuchasamainframeorUNIXcomputer.
ItcanalsorepresentanapplicationsuchasSAP,orasubdivisionofthesystem,suchas
theBenefits’or‘Paystub’sub-systems.’
AffiliateProgram(n)~AcollaborationprocessforSkypeaffiliatesthatallowswebsite
ownerstoearnmoneybydirectinginternettraffictotheSkypewebsite.
AffiliationChanged(n)~Areasonforrevocationofacertificate.
affinity(n)~ForNetworkLoadBalancing,themethodusedtoassociateclientrequeststo
clusterhosts.Whennoaffinityisspecified,allnetworkrequestsareloadbalancedacross
theclusterwithoutrespecttotheirsource.Affinityisimplementedbydirectingallclient
requestsfromthesameIPaddresstothesameclusterhost.
affinity(n)~Themechanismforassociatingthreadsofaprocesswithaprocessor.
affinitygroup(n)~Ageographicalgroupingofacustomer’shostedservicedeployments
andstorageaccountswithinMicrosoftAzure.Anaffinitygroupcanimproveservice
performancebylocatingcomputerworkloadsinthesamedatacenterornearthetargetuser
audience.
affinitygroup(n)~Agroupofresourceswiththesamelevelofaffinityhelpingthe
underlyingplatformwiththeplacementofrelatedresourcestogetherandtheallocationof
instancesacrossfaultdomainsandupgradedomains.
affinitymarketing(n)~Sellingproductsorservicestocustomerswithsimilarinterestson
thebasisoftheirestablishedbuyingpatternsorpreferences.Additionally,several
noncompetingadvertisersmayjointogethertodevelopasingletargetedcampaign.
affinitymask(n)~Avaluethatcontainsbitsforeachprocessoronthesystem,defining
whichprocessorsaprocessorthreadcanuse.
affinityset(n)~Agroupofresourceswiththesamelevelofaffinityhelpingthe
underlyingplatformwiththeplacementofrelatedresourcestogetherandtheallocationof
instancesacrossfaultdomainsandupgradedomains.
affordance(n)~AUIelementorcontrolthatofferstheusertheopportunitytotakeor
initiateanaction.
AFNOR(oth)~TheFrenchsubsidiaryoftheInternationalStandardsOrganization(ISO).
AFNORcertification(n)~Acertificationthataccountingsoftwareislegallycompliant
withFrenchlegislationforelectronicaccounting.
afterevent(n)~Anasynchronouseventwhosehandlerrunsonlyaftertheactionthat
raisedtheeventiscomplete.
AFTP(n)~AfiletransferprotocolusedinIBMhostsystems,theIBMAdvanced
Program-to-ProgramCommunicationsequivalenttotheTCP/IPFileTransferProtocol.
age(v)~Tobecomematureorpastdue,asinamatureaccountorapastdueaccount.
age(n)~Tocalculatethenumberofdaysthatcustomerandsupplieraccountshavebeen
outstanding.
Age(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbythePanEuropeanGameInformation(PEGI).
age(n)~TheamountoftimethathaselapsedsinceanalertwastriggeredthroughMOM.
age(n)~Atimeperiodofexistenceoratimeperiodaftertheoccurrenceofanevent.
ageofonset(n)~Theageatwhichanindividualfirstexperiencesanillnessorsymptoms
ofasicknessordisorder.
agerating(n)~TheageappropriatenessofanapporgamepublishedintheWindows
Store.
agenda(n)~AnorderedlistofruleactionstobeexecutedbytheRuleEngine.
agenda(n)~Alistoroutlineofthingstobedoneorconsidered.
Agendaview(n)~Acalendarviewthatdisplaysallscheduleditems.
agent(n)~AnapplicationthatrunsonaSimpleNetworkManagementProtocol(SNMP)
manageddevice.Theagentapplicationistheobjectofmanagementactivities.Acomputer
runningSNMPagentsoftwareisalsosometimesreferredtoasanagent.
agent(n)~Inclient/serverapplications,aprocessthatmediatesbetweentheclientandthe
server.
agent(n)~Aprogramthatperformsabackgroundtaskforauserandreportstotheuser
whenthetaskisdoneorsomeexpectedeventhastakenplace.
agent(n)~Thepartoftherigthatisusedtoruntestsandgeneratesimulatedload.
agent(n)~Amonitoringoptioninreal-timespywareprotectionthatmonitorsvarious
typesandareasofsoftwareactivityonyourcomputer.
agent(n)~Amanagedsoftwarecomponentthatmonitorseventsandperformance
pertainingtoaspecificapplicationcomponent,andtransmitsobservationstoahost
applicationfordisplay,action,orreporting.
agent(n)~ThefeaturethatisinstalledonaWindows-basedcomputerthatperforms
management.Theagentcollectsdata,comparessampleddatatopredefinedvalues,creates
alerts,andrunsresponses.
Agent(PN)~TheMOM/SCEcomponentinstalledoncomputerstoperformmanagement
tasksonthosecomputers.TheagentcommunicateswiththeSCEManagementServer,
sendingdatafromthemanagedcomputerstotheManagementServeranddownloading
datafromtheManagementServertothemanagedcomputer.
agent(n)~ApersonwhoworksforacallcenterandsignsintoanACDsystemorwho
respondstocallsroutedtohimorherbyanIVRsystem.Formalagentsmaybesignedin
intoUCthroughouttheday,andtheymaysigninandoutoftheACDsystemduringthe
day.Theyarefullyawareoftheirroleasanagentandwanttobeabletoseethenumbers
ofcallsinthequeuestheyareserving,andsoon.Informalagentsmaynotconsider
themselvesasagents,andtheydon’tsigninandoutoftheACDsystemasagents.They
donotmonitorqueuefilllevelsorothermetrics.
agent(n)~AhelperbotforWindowsLiveMessengerthatwasdevelopedontheWindows
LiveAgentsplatform.
agent(n)~Auserwhoworksforacompanythatisavalidpartnertenantwhohasbeen
assignedeitherlimitedorfulladministrationagentrole.
agentcharacter(n)~Aninteractiveanimatedcharacterwhoguidesusersthrough
WindowsWelcome.Thecharacterinteractswiththeuserinwayssimilartothenatural
aspectsofhumansocialcommunication.Characterscanrespondbyusingsynthesized
speech,recordedaudio,ortextinacartoonwordballoon.
agentcoordinator(n)~Theservicethatmanagesinstallationanduninstallationofthe
DPMprotectionagent.
AgentDesktop(PN)~ThecompiledversionoftheUnifiedServiceDeskthatrepresents
theagent’sworkspacefromwhichtheyperformtheirjobfunctions.
agentheartbeat(n)~TheprocesswhentheMOMagentcontactstheMOMserverevery
10secondstoindicatethatitisalive.
AgentManager(PN)~AMOM2000featurethatwaspartoftheMOMServer
components,whichtrackedcomputergroups,installedanduninstalledagents,etc.
agentparticipationpolicy(n)~Theadministrator-definedpolicywhichdefineswhether
anagentneedstosign-inandoutofresponsegroupgroupsinordertoreceivecallsfrom
theresponsegroupservice.
agentproxying(n)~Theprocessduringwhichanagentforwardsdataonbehalfof
anothercomputerornetworkdevice.
agentstate(n)~Anattributeofauserthatspecifieswhethertheuserissignedinasan
agentornot.
Agenttab(n)~Acustomtab,displayedinOfficeCommunicator,thatformalagentscan
usetosignintooroutoftheACD.TheAgenttabshowsthegroupsthattheuserisa
memberof,thenumberofcallersthatarewaiting,thewaittimes,andthenumberof
agentswhoaresignedin.
agentupdate(n)~TheupdateoftheDataProtectionServerFileAgentwithamorerecent
versionoftheFileAgent.
AgentlessExceptionMonitoring(n)~AfeatureinOperationsManagerthatallowsthe
collectionofclientapplicationcrashdatatoasinglelocationonamanagementserver,
resultingindatathatcanthenbeanalyzedbyyourcompanyforpatterns.
agentlessexceptionmonitoring(n)~Theprocessbywhichmanagedcomputerssend
errorreportstoaspecifiedlocationontheSystemCenterEssentialsManagementServer
whenanapplicationerrorsuchasaprogramcrashoccursonthemanagedcomputer.
agentlessmanaged(adj)~PertainingtoacomputerordevicethatismanagedbyMOM
anddoesnothavetheMOMagentinstalled.
agentlessmanagedcomputer(n)~Acomputerwithoutanagentthatismonitoredbya
managementserveroraproxyagent.
agent-managed(adj)~PertainingtoacomputerordevicethatismanagedbyMOMand
hastheMOMagentinstalledonit.
agent-managedcomputer(n)~Acomputerthathasanagentinstalledonitandthat
reportstoamanagementgroup.
Agents2013(PN)~ShortformforAgentsforMicrosoftVisualStudio2013,which
containsagentsandcontrollersthatyoucanusetobuildandtestapplicationsacrossthe
desktop,theserver,andthecloud.
AgentsforMicrosoftVisualStudio2013Update2(n)~UpdatetoMicrosoftVisual
Studio2013developertoolingcontainingagentsandcontrollerstobuildandtest
applicationsacrossthedesktop,theserver,andthecloud.
aggregate(n)~Asinglevaluethatiscomposedofmultiplevalues.
aggregate(v)~Tocombinemultiplevalues.
aggregate(adj)~Pertainingtoacombinationofmultiplevalues.
AggregateDiagnosticProvider(PN)~Asetofprivate,internaltoMicrosoft,APIsthat
provideauniforminterfacetodiscoverdiagnosticcontentthatislocaltothecustomer’s
computeraswellasdiagnosticcontentstored-€œinthecloud-€?.
aggregateevent(n)~Atypeofeventthatisgeneratedafteraseriesofeventsofanother
typehaveoccurred.Anaggregateeventisusedtorepresentaseriesofeventstoavoid
floodingtheeventconsumer.
aggregatefunction(n)~Afunctionthatperformsacalculationonmultiplevaluesand
returnsasinglevalue.
aggregatequery(n)~Aquery(SQLstatement)thatsummarizesinformationfrom
multiplerowsbyincludinganaggregatefunctionsuchasSumorAvg.
aggregatedcatalog(n)~Acatalogassembledfromdifferentsources.
aggregation(n)~Atableorstructurecontainingpre-calculateddataforanonline
analyticalprocessing(OLAP)cube.Aggregationssupporttherapidandefficientquerying
ofamultidimensionaldatabase.
aggregation(n)~Acollectionofobjectsthatmakesawhole.Anaggregationcanbea
concreteorconceptualsetofwhole-partrelationshipsamongobjects.
aggregation(n)~Acollectionofsharedobjects.
aggregationprefix(n)~Astringthatiscombinedwithasystem-definedIDtocreatea
uniquenameforapartition’saggregationtable.
Aggregationview(n)~AviewintheHealthandActivityTrackingtoolthatdisplaysthe
nearreal-timebusinessprocessesdefinedaswellasthehealthmonitoringcubesthatare
shippedwithBizTalkServer2004.
aggregationwrapper(n)~AwrapperthatencapsulatesaCOMobjectwithinanother
COMobject.
aggressiveaddressacquisitionretry(n)~AregistrysettingthatallowstheDHCPclient
totransmitmoremessagestotheservertoobtainanIPaddresswhenthePCisin
connectedstandbymode.Thissettingcanincreasepowerconsumptionbutcanalsohelp
resolveIPaddress(IPv4orIPv6)problemsmorequickly.
Agilemethod(n)~Anyofafamilyofprocessesthatsoftwaredevelopersusetominimize
riskbydevelopingapplicationsincrementally,overaseriesofshortiterations.Inthis
model,real-timecommunications,suchasinpersonconversationsandtelephonecalls,are
preferredoverwrittendocumentation;theprimarymeasureofprogressisworking
software,insteadofhoursspent,taskscompleted,documentsreviewed,orphasessignedoff;stakeholdersareexpectedtocollaborate,insteadofnegotiating;andplanninghappens
continuouslyinordertorespondtochange.
agilesoftwaredevelopment(n)~Aconceptualframeworkforundertakingsoftware
engineeringprojectsinalighter,faster,morepeople-centricway.Manyofthe
characteristicsforagilesoftwaredevelopmentoriginateintheAgileManifestoestablished
bytheAgileAlliance,groupofsoftwareprofessionals.
aging(n)~Theprocessofcategorizing,bytimeperiod,amountsthatareduetoa
companyafteragiveninvoicedateorbilldate,orthenumberofdaystheaccounthas
beenoutstanding.
aging(adj)~Theprocessofclassifyingtimeperiodsbyage.
agingbucket(n)~Atimecategorytodistinguishbetweenitemswithdifferentaging
criteria.
agingperiod(n)~Thenumberofdaysinatimeperiodusedtoreportanoverdue
customerpaymentbalance.
agingperiod(n)~Aperiodwithinwhichyouanalyzethepaymentbalanceofa
customer’saccount.
agingrun(n)~Theexecutionofaprocessthatlooksatoldobjects’
agingsnapshot(n)~Anagingsnapshotcontainsthecalculatedagedbalancesfora
customeratapointintime.
AGP(n)~Atechnologythatprovidesadedicated,high-speedportthroughwhichlarge
blocksof3-Dtexturedatacanbemovedbetweenthecomputer’sgraphicscontrollerand
systemmemory.
AGPslot(n)~Aslotthatisdesignedforfast,high-qualitydisplayof3-Dandvideo
images.
AGPM(n)~AnextensiontotheGroupPolicyManagementConsole(GPMC)that
provideschangecontrolandenhancedmanagementforGroupPolicyobjects(GPOs).
AGPMService(PN)~AWindowsservicethatenablesAdvancedGroupPolicy
Management(AGPM)clientstomanagedeployedandarchivedGroupPolicyobjects
(GPOs)andenforcesdelegationinAGPM.
AGPMServiceAccount(PN)~TheaccountunderwhichtheAGPMServiceruns.
agreement(n)~Acommitmentbetweentwoormorepartiesbasedonamutual
understandingabouttheirrespectiverightsandobligations.
agreement(PN)~Adefinitiveandbindingagreementbetweentwotradingpartnersfor
transactingmessagesoveraspecificbusiness-to-businessprotocol.Atradingpartner
agreementbringstogethercommonbi-directionalmessageprocessingpropertiesfrom
specificbusinessprofilesofbothpartners.Itisacomprehensivecollectionofallaspects
governingthebusinesstransactionbetweenthetwotradingpartners.Thetradingpartner
agreementistypicallyderivedfromtheprofilesofeachpartner,withtheabilityto
customizeandoverridetherequiredsettings.
AgreementAdministrator(PN)~Thefirstcustomertosigntheagreement,unless
changedasprovidedinsection-1oftheagreement.
agreementnumberpair(n)~ApairofnumbersthatisobtainedfromtheMicrosoft
VolumeLicensingServiceCenterwhenacustomerpurchasesaMicrosoftVolume
Licensingagreement.Eachagreementnumberpaircontainsanagreementorauthorization
numberandalicenseorenrollmentnumber.
AIA(n)~Acertificateextensionthatcontainsinformationusefulforverifyingthetrust
statusofacertificate,asdefinedbythe2008MemooftheNetworkWorkingGroup.This
informationpotentiallyincludesUniformResourceLocations(URLs)wheretheissuing
CA’scertificatecanberetrieved,aswellasalocationofanOnlineCertificateStatus
Protocol(OCSP)responderconfiguredtoprovidestatusforthecertificateinquestion.
AIF(PN)~Theframeworkthatprovidesacollectionoffeatures,tools,andinfrastructure
thatusesaservicesprogrammingmodeltosupportapplicationintegration.
AIK(n)~Thecryptographicrepresentationofthehardwareorsoftwarestateandother
integritymetrics,andwhichcanbeusedtoperformanonymousorpseudo-anonymous
attestationstoremotepartiesinmultipartytransactions.
airplanemode(n)~Asettingthatallowsausertoturnoffcellular,Wi-Fi,andBluetooth
onthephonesimultaneously.Oftenrequiredduringtakeoffandlandinginanaircraft.
AIS(n)~Asystemservicethatfacilitatesstartingapplicationsthatrequireoneormore
elevatedprivilegestorun,suchasAdministrativeTasks.Whenuserrequireselevated
privilegestorunanapplicationandgivesconsent,AIScreatesanewprocessforthe
applicationwiththeuser’sfullaccesstoken.
AIT(n)~Asub-featureofApplicationTelemetrywhosegoalistogatherinformationon
howapplicationsusefeaturesexposedbytheoperatingsystem(COMobjects,registry,
DLLs,DLLexports,etc.).Thisdataisusedtobetterunderstandhowachangetoor
removalofaWindowsfeaturemayimpactapplicationsandoverallapplication
compatibilitygoals.Italsohelpsunderstandhowfeaturesareused,andallowsMicrosoft
tousethatinformationinplanningnewfeatures,allocatingtestingresources,etc.
AITAgent(PN)~ThescheduledtaskpartofApplicationImpactTelemetry(AIT)that
runsnightlytoconsumetheeventsloggedtoEventTracingforWindows(ETW)bythe
AITRuntimesystemandsendthembacktoMicrosoftusingSQM.
AJAX(PN)~Asetoftechnologiesconsistingofaclient-sidescriptframework,server
controls,andmore.
AKI(n)~Acertificateextensionusedbythecertificatechainingenginetodeterminewhat
certificatewasusedtosignapresentedcertificate.TheAKIcancontaintheissuername,
serialnumber,publickeyinformation,ornoinformationatall.Bymatchingthe
informationinacertificate’sAKIextensiontoaCAcertificate’sSubjectKeyIdentifier
(SKI)extension,acertificatechaincanbebuilt.
alarm(n)~Avisualorauditorysignalfromacomputeralertingtheusertoanerrorora
hazardoussituation.
alarm(n)~Analertthatissetbytheusertobeactivatedataparticulartime.
Alarms(PN)~Theappthatenablesuserstosetalarms.
Alarms&Clock(PN)~Anappthatenablesusertouseclock,checkworldclocks,set
alarms,settimersandrunastopwatch.
album(n)~Acollectionofcompositionsormemorabiliaofaspecifictypeorfora
particularpurpose,suchasaudiorecordings,photographs,ordocuments.
album(n)~Apredefinedcollectionofaudiofiles(forexample,songs)fromaCDor
digitaldownload.
albumart(n)~Theimagethatappearsonthefrontofanalbumorcustomcollection.
albumlist(n)~Apagethathasacomprehensivelistofallthealbumsinacommunity.
Alcohol(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbyMicrosoft.
Alcoholand/orTobacco(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheComputer
EntertainmentRatingOrganization(CERO).
AlcoholReference(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftware
RatingBoard(ESRB).
ALE(n)~AnoperationofWindowsFilteringPlatform(WFP)whichprovides
enforcementforsecuritypoliciesby,ineachcase,trappingtheevent,determinewhat
applicationinitiatedit,andquerythefilterenginetodeterminewhetherthesocketshould
beallowedtoproceed.
AlefHamza(n)~AsingleArabiccharacterthatrepresentsthetwo-charactercombination
AlefplusHamza.
AlefLam(n)~AnalogoustotheEnglishwordthe.’Canbeignoredwhensortingtextin
tablesinseveralMicrosoftOfficeprogramswhenenabledforright-to-leftfeatures.’
alefmaqsoora(n)~AcontextualvariantoftheArabicletteralef.
alert(n)~AneventthatisshowntotheadministratorwithinaDPSapplicationuser
interfaceasaresultofDPSmonitoring.Threetypesofalertsarepossible:critical,
information,andwarning.
alert(n)~Anaudibleorvisualwarningsignal,generatedbyacomputer,indicatingthata
thresholdhasbeenorisabouttobebreached.
alert(n)~Afeaturethatnotifiesauserwhenthereisachangetopostedcontent,workflow
status,orwhenotheruser-definedcriteriaaremet.
alert(v)~Tonotifybymeansofanalertthataparticulareventhasoccurred.
alert(n)~Anotificationthatisdisplayedtoauserwhenuser-definedcriteriaaremet.
alert(n)~AfeatureavailableinBusinessApplicationsthatnotifiesauserbye-mailwhen
thereisachangetoanitem,document,list,orlibrary.
alert(n)~Aclassofnotificationofsignificancetoauser.Analertmessageisa
notificationthatisgeneratedbyauser-definedruledesignedtonotifyauserofanevent,
condition,orstatus.
alert(n)~Anotificationontheappbarthatisdisplayedtotheusertoperformasystembasedaction.Forexample,passwordexpiration.
alertbox(n)~Anon-screenbox,inagraphicaluserinterface,thatisusedtodelivera
messageorwarning.
alertcriteria(n)~Thecriteriathat,ifmet,triggeranalert.
alertforwarding(n)~Aprocesswhichforwardsalertsfromzoneconfigurationgroupto
masterconfigurationgroup.
alerthistory(n)~AlistofthealertsthataWindowsLiveMessengercustomerhas
received.
alertlatency(n)~Thedelaybetweenwhenanalertisraisedandwhenanalertis
displayedontheMOMconsole.
alertname(n)~ThenameofaMOMalert.
alertowner(n)~Thepersonwhoisassignedthealertandwhoisworkingonit.
alertrule(n)~Aspecificationofthesetofconditionsthat,whenmet,willtriggera
notification.
alertseverity(n)~Thepropertyofanalertindicatingitsseriousness.Examplesinclude
ServiceUnavailable,SecurityIssue,CriticalError,Error,Warning,Information,and
Success.
AlertSource(n)~Thecontrolthatspecifiestheuser-definedalertsourcename.Ifno
nameisdefined,thedefaultistheeventsourcename.
Alertview(n)~AviewintheOperationsconsolethatdisplaysthealertsthattheconsole
userhastherightstoseeaboutaspecificobject.
Alerterservice(n)~Aserviceusedbytheserverandotherservicestonotifyselected
usersandcomputersofadministrativealertsthatoccuronacomputer.
alertingthreshold(n)~Athreshold,measuredinmilliseconds,thatApplication
PerformanceMonitoring(APM)usestodetermineifaneventmustbereported.APM
measurestheprocessingtimeofanentrypoint(atop-levelfunction)andreportsanevent
ifthealertingthresholdisexceeded.
alertsmanager(n)~AfeaturethatallowssomeonetomanagetheirWindowsLivealerts.
algorithm(n)~Aruleorprocedureforsolvingaproblem.
alias(n)[email protected]
alias(n)~Analternativelabelforsomeobject,suchasafileordatacollection.
alias(n)~Anadditionalnamethatcanbeusedtoaccessaspecificport.
alias(n)~AnattributeoftheschemaelementinCSDLandSSDLschemasthatcanbe
substitutedforthefullnamespacetoshortenelementreferencesintheschema.
alias(n)~Alinktoanyitemaccessibleonyourcomputeroronanetwork,suchasa
programorapplication,file,folder,diskdrive,printer,oranothercomputer.Youcanput
shortcutsinvariousareas,suchasonthedesktop,ontheStartmenu,orinspecificfolders.
aliastype(n)~Auser-defineddatatypebasedononeoftheSQLServersystemdatatypes
thatcanspecifyacertaindatatype,length,andnullability.
align(v)~Toadjustsomedevicetopositionitwithinspecifiedtolerances,suchasthe
read/writeheadrelativetoatrackonadisk.
align(v)~Topositionobjectsortextrelativetosomepoint,suchasthepagemargin.
align(v)~Indatahandling,tostoremultiple-bytedataunitssothattherespectivebytes
fallincorrespondinglocationsofmemory.
alignment(n)~Theconsistentpositioningoftext,graphics,andotherobjects.
alignment(n)~Aconditionwherebyanindexisbuiltonthesamepartitionschemeasthat
ofitscorrespondingtable.
alignmentbox(n)~Therectanglethatappearsaroundshapesandobjectsfromother
applicationsasyoumovethem.
alignmentguide(n)~Alinethatisusedtohelplineupfigureswithcommonlocationson
thepage,suchasthetopofparagraphsorpagemargins.
alignmenttab(n)~Atabcharacterthatcanbeinsertedinheadersandfootersforaligning
datarelativetothemarginorindent.Ifyouchangethemargin/indent,thetextisrealigned
automatically.
Alipay(PN)~AnonlineescrowpaymentserviceinChinathatallowscustomersto
completefinancialtransactionsafterverifyinggoodspurchasedaredeliveredaspromised.
AllActivityAssociatedView(n)~AviewinCRMthatdisplaysallactivitiesassociated
withanentity.
AllContacts(n)~ThedefaultcontactgroupthatCommunicatordisplayswhentheuser
hasnotcreatedanycontactgroups.
Allrightsreserved.(oth)~Astatementindicatingthatthecopyrightholderreserves,or
holdsfortheirownuse,alltherightsprovidedbycopyrightlaw,suchasdistribution,
performance,andcreationofderivativeworks;thatis,theyhavenotwaivedanysuch
right.
Allservices(PN)~ThelinktotheoverviewpageofallWindowsLive,MSN,and
Microsoftproductsonoffer.
AllBits(PN)~AWindowsdeliverytechnologythatprovidesaneditionupgrade-€œpath€?wherecustomersandOEMscanmovefromalowertoahighereditionwithinan
editionfamilyonanactiveinstalledOS.AnexamplewouldbeaRetaileditionfamilythat
includesHomeBasic,HomePremium,Professional,andUltimate,andwhichallowsfor
easiermovesbetweeneditions.
all-in-onecardreader(n)~Aflashcardreaderwithslotsthatsupportthemajorityofcard
formatswithouttheneedofeitheracameraadaptororexternalpower.
allocate(v)~Toassignaportionofaresourceforaparticularuseorpurpose.
allocate(v)~ToassignSkypefeatures(suchasSkypeCredit,aSkypeNumber,or
subscriptions)tothemembersofSkypeManager.
allocation(n)~Inoperatingsystems,theprocessofreservingmemoryforusebya
program.
allocation(n)~Theprocessofdistributingamounts(monetaryorstatistical)tooneor
moreaccounts,fields,orrecords.
allocation(n)~Thepercentageofaresource’scapacitythatisdesignatedforaspecific
assignment.
allocation(n)~Anassignmentofaportionofaresourceforaparticularuseorpurpose.
allocationrule(n)~Aruleforthesource,destination,andcalculationofallocation
amounts.
AllocationType(PN)~Adrop-downlistthatletsyouselectwhetherthecustomeris
entitledtoservicebasedonthenumberofcasesthataregeneratedforthecustomer,orthe
numberofhoursthatarespentonthecustomer’scases.
allocationunit(n)~Thesmallestamountofdiskspacethatcanbeallocatedtoholdafile.
allocationunit(n)~Asetofpagesthatcanbeoperatedonasawhole.Pagesbelongingto
anallocationunitaretrackedbyIndexAllocationMap(IAM)pages.Anallocationunit
consistsoftheIAMpagechainandallpagesmarkedallocatedinthatIAMpagechain.An
allocationunitcancontainatmostasingleIAMchain,andanIAMchainmustbelongto
one,andonlyone,allocationunit.
allotment(n)~Aportionorunitofsomethingthathasbeenreservedforaparticularuse.
allotmentremaining(n)~Thenumberofunitsofallottedservicethatremaininthe
servicecontract.
allotmenttype(n)~Aunitofservice,suchasacaseorarangeofcoveragedates,
specifiedinaservicecontractthatindicateshowmuchaccessacustomerhastocustomer
service.
allotmentused(n)~Thenumberofunitsofallottedservicethathavebeenused.
AllotmentsRemaining(n)~Afieldinthecontractlinedialogwheretheuserentersthe
numberofallotmentsremaining.
AllotmentsUsed(n)~Afieldinthecontractlinedialogwheretheuserentersthenumber
ofallotmentsused.
Allow(v)~Apermissionsettingthatpermitsapersonordomaintoaddtheusertocontact
lists,seetheuser’sstatus,orsendinstantmessagestotheuser.
allow(v)~Topermitsomeoneelsetoperformanaction.Forexample,toletsomeoneelse
seeyouronlinestatus,sendyoumessages,orseeyourpublicMessengerinformation.
Allowlist(n)~Alistofusers,accounts,Websites,etc.thatarepermittedtoperform
certainactionsonanetwork.
allowlist(n)~Alistofusers,accounts,Websites,etc.thatarepermittedtoperform
certainactionsonanetwork.
AllowPartiallyTrustedCallersAttribute(n)~AnattributethattellstheCLRtoremove
theimplicitLinkDemands.Bydefault,stronglynamed,fullytrustedassembliesaregiven
animplicitLinkDemandforFullTrustoneverypublicandprotectedmethodofevery
publiclyvisibleclass.Essentially,anycodethatsomeoneoutsideofyourassemblycould
useasanentrypointintoyourcodeisprotectedwiththisdemand.
Allowphrase(n)~AcustomwordorphrasethattheadministratorsetsfortheContent
Filteragenttoenabletheprocessingofe-mailmessagestoExchangeServer2007mailbox
usersthatcontainspecificwordsorphrases.
AllowUnknownSender(PN)~ABooleanfieldfortheConvertRuleentitythatshows
whetheritemsfromanunknownsenderneedtobeconvertedtoacase.
AllowUserOpt-Outoption(n)~TheoptionontheSpamFilterpageforturningoffspam
andvirusfilteringattheindividualuserlevel.
AllowUserstoLogintoSpamQuarantineoption(n)~TheoptionontheSpam
QuarantinepagethatcontrolsaccesstotheSpamQuarantineWebsiteforaspecificuser.
alloweddomains(n)~Domainsorpartsofdomainsthatareaddedtoanallowlistbythe
user,allowingcommunicationbetweenanapplicationandcertaindomainswhileblocking
connectionsfromotherdomains.
AllowedValuesCollectionEditor(PN)~AcustomcollectioneditordialogboxinVisual
Studio.NETthatdevelopersusetodefinethesetofallowedvaluesforacustomproperty
ofthetypeselection.’Thisdialogboxopenswhenyouclicktheellipsis[]buttoninthe
valuefieldoftheAllowedValuespropertyintheCustomPropertyDefinitionCollection
Editordialogbox.’
alpha(n)~Averyearlyreleaseofaproducttogetpreliminaryfeedbackaboutthefeature
setandusability.
alpha(adj)~Pertainingtoapixel’sopacity.Apixelwiththemaximumalphavalueis
opaque,onewithavalueofzeroistransparent,andonewithanintermediatevalueis
translucent.
alphablending(n)~Incomputergraphics,atechniquethatcausesaforegroundimageto
appearpartiallytransparentoverabackgroundimage.Thetechniqueblendsthe
backgroundimagewithpartiallytransparentpixelsintheforegroundimagebyperforming
aweightedaverageofthecolorcomponentsofthetwoimages.
alphachannel(n)~Theopacityofanimagedefinedbyanalphavalueperpixel
interleavedwiththecolorcomponents(forexampleARGB)analphavalueperpixel
storedinaseparatealphasurfaceoraconstantalphavaluefortheentiresurface.
alphamask(n)~Apathorshapethatisappliedtoanotherobject.Thetransparent
portionsofthepathrepresentareaswheretheunderlyingimageishidden,whereasthe
opaqueportionsofthemaskindicatewherethemaskedobjectisallowed
alphapremultiplied(adj)~Pertainingtothetechniqueofscalingthethreecolor
componentsofasamplebyalphabeforestoringtheirvalues.Thissavesmany
mathematicalstepswhenalphablendingtwoimages.ForthePMARGB32pixelformat,
allcolorvaluesarealphapremultiplied.
alphatest(n)~Atypeofpost-pixelblendingoperationwhichallowsapplicationsto
controlwhenpixelsarewrittentotherendertarget.
alphaversion(n)~Averyearlyreleaseofaproducttogetpreliminaryfeedbackaboutthe
featuresetandusability.
alphabetical(adj)~Arrangedinorderaccordingtothelettersofthealphabet.
alphanumeric(adj)~Consistingoflettersordigits,orboth,andsometimesincluding
controlcharacters,spacecharacters,andotherspecialcharacters.
alphanumericmode(n)~Adisplaymodeinwhichthemonitorcandisplayletters,
numbers,andothertextcharactersbutnographicalimagesorWYSIWYG(what-you-seeis-what-you-get’)characterformatting(italics
ALTkey(n)~Akeyboardkeythatisusedinconjunctionwithanotherkeytoproduce
somespecialfeatureorfunctionandistypicallymarkedwiththelettersAlt.
alttext(n)~ThetextstringthatappearsinplaceofanimagewhenaWebpageisloading,
whengraphicsarenotbeingdisplayed,orwhenuserspauseontheimageitselfwiththeir
mouse.
Alt.Rock(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#40.
alternate(n)~Apotentialwordmatchforasegmentofink.
alternateaccessmapping(n)~AnalternateURLmappingthatWindowsSharePoint
Servicespreservesinthemappingtable.ItistheURLauserwouldsee,butisnotaURL
thatIISwouldgivetoWSS.
alternateaccount(n)~Anadditionaluseraccountthatisinadifferentdomain,butwithin
thesameforestastheprimaryaccount.
alternatecurrency(n)~Thecurrencyunitusedonasitetoconvertandformatasecond
currencyfordualdisplay.
alternatee-mailaddress(n)~Ane-mailaddresstowhichpasswordresetinformationcan
besentifacustomerforgetsthepasswordportionoftheirWindowsLiveID.
alternatekey(n)~Acandidatekeythatisnotdesignatedastheprimarykeyandisusedto
uniquelyidentifyrecordsinadatabasetable.
alternatelist(n)~Alistofalternatewordsthatyoucanusetocorrectrecognitionerrors
onthewritingpad.
AlternateQuestion(n)~Akeywordorphrasethatcustomersmayuseinsteadofthe
articlequestion(title)whensearchingtheSupportPortalforthesameorsimilarcontent.
alternaterecipient(n)~Ane-mailaccounttowhiche-mailmessagesareforwarded.A
usercanbundlee-mailmessagesaddressedtodifferentaccountsbyusingasingle
alternaterecipientforalltheaccounts.
alternatingcurrent(n)~Electriccurrentthatreversesitsdirectionofflow(polarity)
periodicallyaccordingtoafrequencymeasuredinhertz,orcyclespersecond.Therapid
changefrompositivetonegativeelectricityof60ormoretimeseachsecond.
AlternatingFlow(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowgroupsofinformation
orsequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow.Emphasizestheinteractionor
relationshipsamongthegroupsofinformation.
Alternative(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#20.
alternativetext(n)~TextdisplayedbyWebbrowsersduringimagedownloadsforusers
whohavegraphicsturnedoff,andforuserswhorelyonscreen-readingsoftwareto
convertgraphicsonthescreentospokenwords.
alternativetext(n)~ThetextstringthatappearsinplaceofanimagewhenaWebpageis
loading,whengraphicsarenotbeingdisplayed,orwhenuserspauseontheimageitself
withtheirmouse.
AltstoffRecyclingAustriaAGnotification(n)~Areportofpackagingmaterialsusedfor
manufacturedproducts,asrequiredbyAustrianregulation.AltstoffRecyclingAustriaAG
isanAustrianwastemanagementorganizationthatcollectsandrecyclespackaging
material.
ALU(n)~Acomponentofamicroprocessorchipusedforarithmetic,comparative,and
logicalfunctions.
AlwaysMovegallery(PN)~Agallerythatallowsuserstocreateaquickruletomove
mailtoaselectedfolderbasedonthesender,recipients,orconversationofthecurrently
selectede-mailmessagewithoutopeningthefullCreateRuledialog.
AlwaysonTop(PN)~Auserinterfaceelementthatcausestheapplicationwindowto
alwaysbedisplayedoverotheropenwindowsonthecomputer,evenwhenitdoesnot
havefocus.
always-on~Aninternetconnectionwhichremainson24/7suchas-ADSL-orcable,
ratherthanonlyconnectingondemandlikeadialup.
AlwaysOnAvailabilityGroups(PN)~Ahigh-availabilityanddisaster-recoverysolution
thatprovidesprotectionforasetofuserdatabasesacrossmultiplemachinesanddata
centersusingSQLServertoreplicatethedata.
AmazonDeviceMessaging(PN)~Aservicethatallowssendingpushnotificationsfrom
thecloudtoAmazondevicestohelpengagewithcustomersandcreatenewopportunities
formonetizationwithappsorgames.
AmazonWebServices(PN)~Acollectionofremotecomputingservicesthatmakeupa
cloudcomputingplatformofferedbyAmazon.com.
Ambient(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#26.
ambientcontext(n)~Apatternthatprovidesaplacetostorescopeorcontextrelated
informationorfunctionalitythatautomaticallyfollowstheflowofexecutionbetween
executionscopesordomains.
ambientlight(n)~Atypeoflightthatappearsasifitiscomingfromalldirections.Use
thiswhenyouwanttolightallobjectsevenly.
AmbientLightIndicator(PN)~Anadministrationapplicationtohelpyoufindlighting
issuesthataffectasmallerareaoftheSurfacescreen.Thistoolcanhelpyouadjustthe
lightingortheunitposition.YoushouldusethistooleverytimethattheSurfaceunitis
movedtoanewlocationorlightingismodifiedsignificantly.
ambientlightsensor(n)~Atypeoflightsensorthattracksambientlightinthe
surroundingsandthereforetheamountofbacklightneededfortheLCDscreentobe
adjustedaccordingly.
AmericanNationalStandardsInstitute(PN)~Avoluntary,nonprofitorganizationof
U.S.businessandindustrygroupsformedin1918forthedevelopmentoftradeand
communicationstandards.ANSIistheAmericanrepresentativeoftheInternational
StandardsOrganizationandhasdevelopedrecommendationsfortheuseofprogramming
languagesincludingFORTRAN,C,andCOBOL.
AmericanStandardCodeforInformationInterchange(n)~Astandardsingle-byte
characterencodingschemeusedfortext-baseddata.ASCIIusesdesignated7-bitor8-bit
numbercombinationstorepresenteither128or256possiblecharacters.StandardASCII
uses7bitstorepresentalluppercaseandlowercaseletters,thenumbers0through9,
punctuationmarks,andspecialcontrolcharactersusedinU.S.English.Mostcurrentx86basedsystemssupporttheuseofextended(orhigh’)ASCII.ExtendedASCIIallowsthe
eighthbitofeachcharactertoidentifyanadditional128specialsymbolcharacters
AMO(n)~Acollectionof.NETnamespacesincludedwithAnalysisServices,usedto
provideadministrativefunctionalityforclientapplications.
amortize(v)~Tograduallywriteofftheregularportionofthecostofanassetoverthe
projectedlifeoftheasset.
amount(n)~Adefinitemagnitudeofcurrency,aquantityofcurrency,oranindefinite
magnitudeofanuncountablesubstanceorquality.
ampersand(n)~The&character.
AMPERSAND(n)~The&character.
AMS(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicethatallowsyoutocreateworkflowsforthe
creation,management,anddistributionofdigitalmedia.
AMT(n)~AnIntelnetworkingmanagementtechnologythatissupportedby
ConfigurationManageroutofbandmanagement,whichenablesaConfigurationManager
administratortomanagedesktopcomputersindependentlyfromtheConfiguration
Managerclientorthecomputeroperatingsystem.
analog(adj)~Pertainingtothetraditionalformatinwhichaudioandvideoaretransmitted
byusingawaveoranalogsignal.Ananalogsignalmaynotworkwithdigitalspeakers;
computersusedigitalsignals.
analogouscolors(n)~Colorsthataredirectlynexttoeachotheronthecolorwheel.Each
colorhastwoanalogouscolors(oneoneachsideofit).
analoguecopyprotection(n)~Aformofrightsmanagementbasedontechnology
developedbyMacrovision,whichpreventsanalogueoutputtobeplayedbackfromVHS
tape.
analysis(n)~Inconceptualdesign,thebreakingdownandexaminationofbusinessand
userinformationintousecasesandscenariosdocumentingworkprocesses.Inlogical
design,theidentificationofservices,objects,attributes,andrelationshipsfromscenarios.
Inphysicaldesign,theexaminationofphysicalconstraintsoftheinfrastructureandthe
physicalrequirementsoftheapplicationtoselectcandidateimplementationtechnologies
andtodraftapreliminarydeploymentmodel.
AnalysisManagementObjects(n)~Acollectionof.NETnamespacesincludedwith
AnalysisServices,usedtoprovideadministrativefunctionalityforclientapplications.
AnalysisServer(PN)~TheservercomponentofAnalysisServicesthatisspecifically
designedtocreateandmaintainmultidimensionaldatastructuresandprovide
multidimensionaldatainresponsetoclientqueries.
AnalysisServices(n)~AfeatureofMicrosoftSQLServerthatsupportsonlineanalytical
processing(OLAP)anddataminingforbusinessintelligenceapplications.Analysis
Servicesorganizesdatafromadatawarehouseintocubeswithprecalculatedaggregation
datatoproviderapidanswerstocomplexanalyticalqueries.
AnalysisServicesConnector(PN)~AclientagentthatenablesPowerBItoconnectto
on-premisesSQLServerAnalysisServicesinstances.
Analyst(PN)~Lowestlevelofuserroles.Analystscanseethesolutioncontentand
reviewsentiments.
analyticchart(n)~Areporttypethatdisplayscubedatainavisual,interactivechart
format.
analyticgrid(n)~Areporttypethatdisplayscubedatainavisual,interactivetabular
format.
analyticaldata(n)~Datathatprovidesthevaluesthatareassociatedwithspatialdata.
Forexample,spatialdatadefinesthelocationsofcitiesinanareawhereasanalyticaldata
providesthepopulationforeachcity.
analyticsdashboard(n)~Adashboardthatmonitorsandtracksthetrendofusers’
YammerparticipationandactivitiessothatorganizationscanseehowtheirYammer
networkisbeingused.
AnalyticsService(PN)~Theservicethatperformsanalyticsprocessingforsearchin
SharePoint.
AnalyticsUnitHours(n)~TheunitofmeasureforBusinessAnalyticsinAzure.
ancestor(n)~Inatreestructure,theelementofwhichagivenelementisachild.
Equivalenttoaparentelement.
ancestorcategory(n)~Acategorythatisclosertotherootcategorythroughoneormore
parent-childrelationships.Aparentcategoryisanancestorcategory,asistheparentofthe
parent,andsoforth
ancestorelement(n)~Inatreestructure,theelementofwhichagivenelementisachild.
Equivalenttoaparentelement.
anchor(n)~Alocationorselectionoftextinafilethatyounameforreferencepurposes.
Bookmarksidentifyalocationwithinyourfilethatyoucanlaterreferorlinkto.
anchor(n)~Aformatcodeinadesktoppublishingorwordprocessingdocumentthat
keepsanelementinthedocument,suchasafigureoracaptionoralabelassociatedwith
thefigure,inacertainpositioninthedocument.Theanchoredobjectisgenerallyattached
toanotherelementinthedocument.
anchor(v)~Tomanipulateaninterfaceelement,suchasatoolbar,sothatitmaintainsthe
relativepositiontotheanchorededges,whenthedisplayorientationorsizechanges.
anchorcap(n)~Alinecapwherethewidthofthecapisbiggerthanthewidthoftheline.
anchormember(n)~ThefirstinvocationofarecursiveCTEconsistsofoneormore
CTE_query_definitionjoinedbyUNIONALL,UNION,EXCEPTorINTERSECT
operators.BecausethesequerydefinitionsformthebaseresultsetoftheCTEstructure,
theyarereferredtoasanchormembers.
anchorplugin(n)~Agathererplug-inthatisresponsibleforindexingtheanchortext.
Anchortextisanimportantfeatureintherankingofthesearchresultsinv3.
anchorpoint(n)~Thestartingpointforaselectedrangeofobjects.Ananchorpointis
usuallyestablishedattheobjectlogicallynearestthehotspotofamousepointerwhena
userpressesamousebuttonortouchesthetipofapentothescreen.
anchorpoint(n)~Apointinspacethatisusedtoalignotherobjects,orusedtodetermine
thefixedpointsoredgesinotherobjectswhentheyareresized.
AnchorVolumeDescriptorPointer(n)~ApartoftheUDFfilesystemnecessaryto
identifytherequiredblocksinordertointerpretthefilesystem.
anchorwindow(n)~Asmallwindowthatcanappearinthelower-rightcornerofthe
screenwhenWindowsMediaPlayerisinskinmode.Youcanusethewindowtoreturnto
fullmodeandaccessothercommands.
AND(n)~Alogicaloperationcombiningthevaluesoftwobits(0,1)ortwoBoolean
values(false,true)thatreturnsavalueof1(true)ifbothinputvaluesare1(true)and
returnsa0(false)otherwise.
Android(PN)~Amobileoperatingsystem(OS)basedontheLinuxkernelandcurrently
developedbyGoogle.
Android~Apopularoperatingsystemfor-smartphones-and-tablets,ownedbyGoogle.
AndroidChina(PN)~AnoperatingsystemformobiledevicesbasedonGoogle’s
AndroidasanindependentdevelopmentbyBaidu,thedominantsearchengineoperatorin
China.
anglebrackets(n)~The<>characters.
angleofrotation(n)~Theangleoftheorientationofashape’slocalcoordinatesystem
withrespecttoitsparentcoordinatesystem.TheangleofrotationisspecifiedintheAngle
celloftheShapeTransformsectioninaShapeSheetspreadsheet.
angularunit(n)~TheunitinwhichanglesareexpressedinShapeSheetcells.
ANI(n)~Aprogramthatidentifiesthephonenumberwhereacalloriginates.
animate(v)~Toaddaspecialvisualorsoundeffecttotextoranobject.Forexample,you
canhaveyourtextbulletpointsflyinfromtheleft,onewordatatime,orhearthesound
ofapplausewhenapictureisuncovered.
animatedbackground(n)~Abackgroundthatchangesappearancethroughthedisplayof
asequentialsetofimagescontainedinasinglefile.
AnimatedBlood(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftware
RatingBoard(ESRB).
animatedGIF(n)~AseriesofgraphicimagesinGIFformat,displayedsequentiallyina
singlelocationtogivetheappearanceofamovingpicture.
animation(n)~Arecordofsynthetic,successivestillimagesthatproduceanillusionof
movementwhenplayedback.
animationeffect(n)~Aspecialvisualorsoundeffectaddedtotextoranobject.For
instance,ausercanhavethetextbulletpointsflyinfromtheleft,onewordatatime,or
hearthesoundsofapplausewhenapictureisuncovered.
animationinterpolation(n)~Akindofinterpolationthatanimatesthepropertyvalues
betweensuccessivekeytimes.
AnimationLibrary(PN)~Alibrarythatdeveloperscanuseintheirapplications
throughoutthenewWindowsuserinterface.
animationmanager(n)~Acorecomponentofananimationapplicationandthecentral
programmaticinterfaceformanaging(creating,scheduling,andcontrolling)animations.-
AnimationPainter(v)~Afeaturethatreplicatestheanimationassociatedwithasource
objecttooneormoretargetobjects.
animationresource(n)~Ananimationstoryboardthatisencapsulatedinsuchawaythat
itcanbereusedelsewhereinyourapplication.
animationscheme(n)~Addspresetvisualeffectstotextonslides.Rangingfromsubtle
toexciting,eachschemeusuallyincludesaneffectfortheslidetitleandaneffectthatis
appliedtobulletsorparagraphsonaslide.
animationstyle(n)~Anabstractgroupingofsimilaranimationeffects.
animationtimer(n)~Acomponenttoprovidetimingservicesusedinconjunctionwith
theanimationmanager.Itdynamicallythrottlestheframeratebasedonapplicationand
systemloadorinlow-powermode.
animationtrigger(n)~Ananimationoptionthatcanbesetsothattheanimationplays
whenaspecifieditemisclicked.
animationworkspace(n)~Auserinterfaceareawhereanimationsarecomposed.
anniversarydate(n)~Thecalendardatewhichsignifiesthedateonwhichanevent
occurredinsomepreviousyear.
annotation(n)~Anoteorcommentattachedtosomepartofadocumenttoprovide
relatedinformation.Someapplicationssupportvoiceannotationsorannotationsaccessible
byicons.
annotationfile(n)~Afilethatcontainsannotations.
annotationalproperty(n)~ApropertythatismaintainedbyMetadataServicesasstring
datathatcanbeattachedtoanyrepositoryobjectthatexposestheIAnnotationalProps
interface.
announcedtransfer(n)~Theactofsendingthecurrentphonecalltoathirdpersonand
speakingtothethirdpersonfirstbeforedisconnectingfromthecall.
Announcement(PN)~AMicrosoftDynamicsCRMcomponentthatisusedto
communicatetextinformationinabulletin-boardfashiontoanorganization.
Announcements(n)~TheSettingssub-areawhereyoucanconfigurethepublication
settingsforinternalbusinessnewsandnotices.
AnnualReportPreparation(n)~Atemplatethataddresses,fromaFinance&
Accountingview,thegeneralactivitiesthatdefineatypicalefforttoprepareanAnnual
FinancialReport.-Includesactivitiesfocusedonobtainingthenecessaryinformationfrom
multipledepartments,toworkingwithotherdepartments(e.g.,LegalandPublic
Relations)toensureallrequiredinformationispresentedaccurately,andupthroughthe
printinganddistributionprocess.
annualrevenue(n)~Theincomethatanaccountgeneratesinoneyearastheresultof
buyingorsellinggoodsandservices.
annunciator(n)~Aneffectthatisappliedtoanexistingelementonthetaskbartoindicate
thatausernotificationisactive.
anonymity(n)~Aconditioninwhichanindividual’strueidentityisunknown.
anonymizer(n)~Softwareorwebservicethatprovidesananonymousproxydesignedto
makeuseridentityuntraceable.
anonymous(adj)~OntheInternet,thestandardloginnameusedtoobtainaccesstoa
publicFTPfilearchive.
anonymous(adj)~Pertainingtoaprocessorcontentthatisnotassociatedwithan
identifiableuserororiginator.
anonymousallowedmeeting(n)~AmeetinginwhichuserswithoutActiveDirectory
credentialsareallowedtoattendsolongastheyhaveavalidconferencekeyandpass
Digestauthentication.
anonymousbinding(n)~Awayofbindingtoadirectorywhereuserscanaccessonlya
limitedareaofthedirectory.
anonymousFTP(n)~Atypeofinternetfiletransferthatallowsusertoaccessaremote
computerwithouthavingtoestablishanaccount.
anonymousFTPauthentication(n)~Aprotocolthatmakesitpossibleforauserto
retrievedocuments,files,programs,andotherarchiveddatafromanywhereonthe
Internetwithouthavingtoestablishalogonnameandpassword.
anonymouslogon(n)~Auserwhohasconnectedtothecomputerwithoutsupplyinga
usernameandpassword.
anonymousmethod(n)~Apracticallanguageconstructthatallowsprogrammersto
createcodeblocksthatcanbeencapsulatedinadelegateandexecutedatalatertime.
Theyarebasedonalanguageconceptcalledalambdafunctionandaresimilartothose
foundinLispandPython.
anonymousreplica(n)~Aspecialtypeofreplicainwhichyoudon’tkeeptrackof
individualusers.
anonymoussubscription(n)~Atypeofpullsubscriptionforwhichdetailedinformation
aboutthesubscriptionandtheSubscriberisnotstored.
anonymoustype(n)~Aclasstypewhosenameisgeneratedbythecompilerandthat
inheritsdirectlyfromObject.Membersofananonymoustypearepropertiesthatare
inferredfromtheobjectinitializerthatcreatesinstancesofthetype.
anonymoususer(n)~Anon-validateduserwhoisnotrecognizedbytheserver,andwho
canonlyaccesspublishedfoldersandaddresslists.
anonymoususer(n)~AuserwhoaccessescontentonaWebsitewithoutprovidingauser
loginnameandpassword.
anonymoususer(n)~AnexternaluserwhodoesnothavecredentialsintheActive
DirectoryDomainServices.Unlikeafederateduser,ananonymoususerisnot
authenticated.
anonymoususeraccess(n)~TheabilitytogainaccesstoaWebserveronwhichone
doesnothaveanaccount.
ANSIcharacterset(n)~An8-bitcharactersetusedbyMicrosoftWindowsthatallows
youtorepresentupto256characters(0through255)byusingyourkeyboard.TheASCII
charactersetisasubsetoftheANSIset.
ANSISQLquerymode(n)~OneoftwotypesofSQLsyntax:ANSI-89SQL(alsocalled
MicrosoftJetSQLandANSISQL),whichisthetraditionalJetSQLsyntax;andANSI-92
SQL,whichhasnewanddifferentreservedwords,syntaxrules,andwildcardcharacters.
ANSIX.12(n)~AmessageformatdevelopedbytheAmericanNationalStandards
Instituteforelectronicdatainterchange(EDI).X.12isusedprimarilyintheUnitedStates.
answer(PN)~AUserInterface(UI)elementthatinitiatestheprocessofacceptingan
incomingtelephonecall.
answer(v)~Toacceptanincomingtelephonecall.
AnswerDesk(PN)~Theprimaryone-to-onesupportofferingforMicrosoftconsumer
productsandsoftware.
answerfile(n)~AfilethatautomatesWindowsSetup.Thisfileenablestheconfiguration
ofWindowssettings,theadditionandremovalofcomponents,andmanyWindowsSetup
tasks,suchasdiskconfiguration.
answerfile(n)~Atextfilethatstorestheinformationthatauserprovidesthroughthe
Setupwizard,alongwiththecommand-lineargumentsfortheactionsperformedbySetup.
Thisfile-canbeusedlatertorununattendedinstallationswiththesamesettings.
AnswerTech(PN)~AMicrosofttechnicalexpertwhoprovidesone-to-onesupport
throughAnswerDesk.
answeringrouter(n)~Therouterthatanswersthedemand-dialconnectionattempt(the
VPNserver).
antialiasing(n)~Asoftwaretechniqueforsmoothingthejaggedappearanceofcurvedor
diagonallinescausedbypoorresolutiononadisplayscreen.Methodsofanti-aliasing
includesurroundingpixelswithintermediateshadesandmanipulatingthesizeand
horizontalalignmentofthepixels.
anti-aliasing(n)~Asoftwaretechniqueforsmoothingthejaggedappearanceofcurvedor
diagonallinescausedbypoorresolutiononadisplayscreen.Methodsofanti-aliasing
includesurroundingpixelswithintermediateshadesandmanipulatingthesizeand
horizontalalignmentofthepixels.
anti-bullyingsupervisionpolicy(n)~E-mailpolicysettingsthatadministratorsuseto
preventabullyfromsendinge-mailmessagestospecificpeoplebyaddingthebully’se-
mailaddressasanentryonthevictim’s’supervisionlist.Thisfunctionalitysupportsantiharassmentpoliciesinschoolsandotherorganizations.’
AntigenAdministrator(n)~Theprogramusedbyanadministratortoconfigureandrun
Antigen,eitherlocallyorremotely.
AntigenService(n)~Theconfigurationandmonitoringagentontheservertowhichthe
AntigenAdministratorconnects.
AntigenSpamManager(PN)~Anadd-onmoduleforAntigen,usedtominimizethe
numberofspame-mailmessagesthatentertheExchangeenvironments.
anti-hammering(adj)~Atypeofsoftwareorhardwaremethodthatincreasesthe
difficultyandcostofakeysearchattackonaPINorpassword.
antimalwarepolicy(n)~Acollectionofprotectionsettingsthatareappliedtocollections
ofclientcomputerstospecifyhowEndpointProtectionprotectsthemfrommalwareand
otherthreats,includinginformationaboutthescanschedule,thetypesoffilesandfolders
toscan,andtheactionstotakewhenmalwareisdetected.
antimalwareprogram(n)~Acomputerprogramdesignedtodetectandrespondto
malicioussoftware,suchasvirusesandworms.Responsesmayincludeblockinguser
accesstoinfectedfiles,cleaninginfectedfilesorsystems,orinformingtheuserthatan
infectedprogramwasdetected.
antimalwaresoftware(n)~Acomputerprogramdesignedtodetectandrespondto
malicioussoftware,suchasvirusesandworms.Responsesmayincludeblockinguser
accesstoinfectedfiles,cleaninginfectedfilesorsystems,orinformingtheuserthatan
infectedprogramwasdetected.
anti-phishing(adj)~Pertainingtomethodsemployedtoprotectusersfromphishing.
anti-shake(n)~Animagestabilizationtechniquethat’susedtoreducetheappearanceof
camerashakeinavideoimage.
anti-shakefeature(n)~Animagestabilizationtechniquethat’susedtoreducethe
appearanceofcamerashakeinavideoimage.
antispam~Anantispamprogramisusedtofilteroutemail-spam.
anti-spamstamping(n)~FunctionalityinExchangeServer2007thathelpsthe
messagingadministratordiagnosespam-relatedproblemsbyapplyingdiagnostic
metadata,orstamps
antispyware(n)~Ageneralclassofsoftwareusedtodetectspywareandsometimes
removeit.
antispywareprogram(n)~Aprogramusedtodetectspywareandsometimesremoveit.
antispywaresoftware(n)~Ageneralclassofsoftwareusedtodetectspywareand
sometimesremoveit.
antivirus~Softwarewhichprotectscomputersfromvirusesandsuchlike.Hastobe
updatedfrequentlytokeepupwiththelatestthreats,soisusuallysoldwithasubscription
whichenablesyoutodownloadupdatesfromtheinternet.
antivirusengine(n)~Acomputerprogramthatidentifiesviruses.
antivirusprogram(n)~Acomputerprogramdesignedtodetectandrespondtomalicious
software,suchasvirusesandworms.Responsesmayincludeblockinguseraccessto
infectedfiles,cleaninginfectedfilesorsystems,orinformingtheuserthataninfected
programwasdetected.
antivirussoftware(n)~Acomputerprogramdesignedtodetectandrespondtomalicious
software,suchasvirusesandworms.Responsesmayincludeblockinguseraccessto
infectedfiles,cleaninginfectedfilesorsystems,orinformingtheuserthataninfected
programwasdetected.
antivirusstamping(n)~Amechanismthathelpsreducethevolumeofantivirusscanning
thatisrequiredacrossanorganizationbystampingmessagesthathavebeenscannedfor
viruseswithmetadatathatindicatestheversionoftheantivirussoftwarethatperformed
thescanandtheresultofthatscan.Thismetadata,orstamp
antivirusupdate(n)~Periodicupdatefromsoftwaremanufacturerstotheirantivirus
software.
AnyCharacter(oth)~Amenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchastringbasedona
wildcardforacharacter,whenthenumberoflettersisknown.Example:Thesearchfor
D*O**willreturnallfive-letterwordsthatbeginwithaDandwhereOisthethirdletter.
AnyCharacter,0orMoreMatches(oth)~Amenuitemthatallowstheusertosearcha
stringbasedonawildcardforacharacter.Example:ThesearchforD*O**willreturnall
wordsthatbeginwithaDandwhereOisthethirdletter.
AnyDigit(oth)~Amenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchastringbasedonawildcard
thatsubstitutesadigit.
AnywhereAccess(PN)~Acollectionofproductandplatformremoteaccesstechnologies
thatenableusersanywhereontheInternettoaccessinformationlocatedbehindthe
corporatefirewall.
AO(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftwareRatingBoard
(ESRB).
AOLexploit(n)~AtypeoftrojanthatattacksusersoftheAOLInternetservice,oftenby
retrievingpasswordsormodifyingsettings.
AOT(n)~Anavigableviewoftheelementobjectsinanapplicationmodel.
APEast(PN)~TheAsiaPacificEastregionwithintheAzureregiontaxonomy.
APSoutheast(PN)~TheAsiaPacificSoutheastregionwithintheAzureregion
taxonomy.
ApacheCordova(PN)~AsetofdeviceAPIsthatallowamobileappdevelopertoaccess
nativedevicefunctionforbuildingnativemobileapplicationsusingHTML,CSS,and
JavaScript.
ApacheStorm(PN)~Adistributed,fault-tolerant,opensourcecomputationsystemthat
allowsyoutoprocessdatainrealtime.
apartment(n)~AgroupofoneormoreCOMobjectsinaprocess.ACOMobjectlivesin
exactlyoneapartment,inthesensethatitsmethodscanlegallybedirectlycalledonlybya
threadthatbelongstothatapartment.Anyotherthreadthatwantstocalltheobjectmust
gothroughaproxy.
apartmentthreading(n)~ACOMthreadingmodelwhereallcallstoanobjectoccuron
onethread.Inapartmentthreading,COMsynchronizesandmarshalscalls.
apartmentthreadingmodel(n)~ACOMthreadingmodelwhereallcallstoanobject
occurononethread.Inapartmentthreading,COMsynchronizesandmarshalscalls.
apartment-threadedcomponent(n)~ACOMcomponentthatresidesonasinglethread
ofexecution.Apartment-threadedcomponentsrelyonCOMtosynchronizecallstothem.
AllCOMobjectscreatedwithVisualBasicareapartmentthreaded.
APC(n)~Afunctioncallthatexecutesseparatelyfromanexecutingprogramwhenaset
ofenablingconditionsexist.Aftertheconditionshavebeenmet,theoperatingsystem’s
kernelissuesasoftwareinterruptanddirectstheexecutingprogramtoexecutethecall.
aperture(n)~Asmall,circularopeninginsidethelensthatcanchangeindiameterto
controltheamountoflightreachingthecamera’ssensorasapictureistaken.Theaperture
diameterisexpressedinf-stops;thelowerthenumber,thelargertheaperture.
aperture(n)~Inphotography,thediameteroftheapertureexpressedintermsofthefocal
lengthofthecameralens.Thegreaterthef-number,thelesslightreachesthefilmandthe
moreinfocustheobjectsintheforegroundandthebackgroundwillbe.Forexample,with
anf-number=16theobjectsinthefarbackgroundwillbeinfocus.Whereas,withanfnumber=2thebackgroundwillbeblurry(whileforegroundobjectsareinfocus).
aperturepriority(n)~Amodeinmanydigitalcamerasthatallowsuserstoadjustthe
aperturevaluetotheirownliking.
aperturevalue(n)~Inphotography,thediameteroftheapertureexpressedintermsofthe
focallengthofthecameralens.Thegreaterthef-number,thelesslightreachesthefilm
andthemoreinfocustheobjectsintheforegroundandthebackgroundwillbe.For
example,withanf-number=16theobjectsinthefarbackgroundwillbeinfocus.
Whereas,withanf-number=2thebackgroundwillbeblurry(whileforegroundobjects
areinfocus).
API(n)~Asetofroutinesthatanapplicationusestorequestandcarryoutlower-level
servicesperformedbyacomputer’sordevice’soperatingsystem.Theseroutinesusually
carryoutmaintenancetaskssuchasmanagingfilesanddisplayinginformation.
APIcall(n)~Atransitionfromusertokernelmode.
APIcontract(n)~AnatomicsetofAPIs(regardlessofWindowsappmodel)that
providesaspecificWindowsplatformcapability.?
APIfunction(n)~Anapplicationprogramminginterface(API)routine.
APIManagement(PN)~TheservicetypeoftheAppServicesservicethatenables
organizationstocontrolaccess,controlandreportingofpublicandprivateAPIs.
APIservercursor(n)~Aservercursorthatisbuilttosupportthecursorfunctionsofan
API,suchasODBC,OLEDB,ADO,andDB-Library.
APIC(oth)~Aprogrammableinterruptcontroller(PIC)thatprovidesmultiprocessor
interruptmanagement.AnAPICincorporatesbothstaticanddynamicsymmetricinterrupt
distributionacrossallprocessors.Itusuallyhasmoreavailableinterruptlinesthana
typicalPIC.
APIPA(n)~ATCP/IPfeatureinWindowsXPandWindowsServer2003that
automaticallyconfiguresauniqueIPaddressfromtherange169.254.0.1through
169.254.255.254withasubnetmaskof255.255.0.0whentheTCP/IPprotocolis
configuredfordynamicaddressingandaDHCPserverisnotavailable.TheAPIPArange
ofIPaddressesisreservedbytheInternetAssignedNumbersAuthority(IANA)foruseon
asinglesubnet,andIPaddresseswithinthisrangearenotusedontheInternet.
APM(n)~AnolderpowermanagementtechnologyusedinmobilePCsbeforethe
implementationofAdvancedConfigurationandPowerInterface(ACPI).Advanced
PowerManagementisasoftwareinterfacethatfunctionsbetweentheBIOSpower-
managementsoftwarethatisspecifictothehardwareandapower-managementpolicy
driverthatisrunbytheoperatingsystem.
APM(n)~Theprocessofcollectinginformationaboutsoftwareperformance.
APMagent(n)~Anagentthatresidesonamonitoredsystemandgathersexceptionand
performanceinformationfromamonitoredapplicationandreportsittotheAPMservice.
APN(n)~Thenameoftheaccesspointusedtoestablishwirelessconnectivity.
APNs(PN)~AnAppleservicethatletsyousendpushnotificationstoiOSapps.
apostrophe(n)~The‘character(user-typedtext).
apostrophe(n)~The‘character(publishingcharacter).
APOSTROPHE(n)~The‘character(user-typedtext).
app(n)~Asetofinstructionsthatacomputerordeviceusestoperformaspecifictask,
suchaswordprocessing,accounting,ordatamanagement.
appbar(n)~AUIelementthatappearsalongthetoporbottomedgeofthescreenand
mayincludeappcommandsornavigation.
appbundle(n)~Acollectionofapppackagesandsharedapppackageresourcesfora
singleapp.
AppCatalog(PN)~ASharePointdocumentlibrarythatadministratorscanuseto
distributeappsforOfficeandSharePointtotheirendusers.
appcommand(n)~Afunctionrelevanttoanappinusethatisdisplayedontheappbar.
appcompat(n)~Theconceptofensuringthatolderapplicationsstillruncorrectlyunder
neweroperatingsystems.
AppConnect(PN)~Afeaturethathighlightsrelevantappsfortheuser,dependingon
whattheyaredoingonthephoneorlookingforinsearch.
Appconnector(PN)~Ahiddenutilityorappthatworksinthebackgroundtoconnect
Windowsfeaturestoa3rdpartyservice.
appcontainer(n)~AruntimeenvironmentforWindowsStoreappsthat’sdesignedto
minimizeappimpactonthecomputerbyplacingruntimerestrictionsonwhatappscando.
appContextMenu(n)~Thesystemuserinterfaceprovidedforcut,copy,andpaste.
appcontract(n)~Acontractbetweenapps.AppcontractsincludeApptoapppicking,
Playto,Print,Search,Send,Setting,Sharing(SharesourceandSharetarget).
AppControllerLibrary(n)~Asinglelogicalrepresentationofalllibraryobjectsfrom
registeredcloudsfromVMMandMicrosoftAzure.
appcustomaction(n)~Atypeofcustomactionthatisaddedtoahostsitebyanappfor
SharePointandthatlinkstomorefunctionalitythatiscontainedbytheapp.
appdatastorage(n)~Anisolateddatastorespecifictoaparticularapplicationanduser.
AppDefaultConfigresource(n)~ACommerceServerresourcewithsite-level
properties,managedthroughCommerceServerManager.UseAppDefaultConfigtoset
propertiesthatdeterminesitefunctionalityinareassuchascurrencyoptions,billing
options,andBizTalkServerintegration.
appdescription(n)~AProductDescriptionPagethatprovidesacompositeviewofall
thedetailsthataconsumerneedstodetermineiftheywanttobuyaparticularapp.This
pagetypicallyincludesthetitle,publishername,languagesupport,devicesupport,price
point,screenshots,ratings,andreviews.
appforWindows8(PN)~AnappthattargetsWindows8.ItcouldbeaWindowsStore
apporadesktopapp.
apphost(n)~ThehostingenvironmentforWindowsStoreappsthatuse
JavaScript/HTML;itplaysaroleinactivation,deactivation,event/SQMlogging,
configuration,security,andotherfunctions.
appID(n)~Anidentificationnumberforasoftwareapplication.
appinstaller(n)~AdevelopertoolthatinstallsWindowsStoreapps.
applauncher(n)~Theiconontheupper-leftcorneroftheOffice365suite.Theiconis
theentrypointtoallOffice365servicesforwhichtheuserhasavalidsubscription,andto
theAdmincenter(onlyiftheuserisanadmin).
Applist(PN)~Analphabeticallistofappsonthephone,accessedfromtheStartmenu;
notlabeledintheUI.
applisting(n)~Thedescriptiondataofasingleappthatisrenderedfordisplayinthe
consumersideofthestore.Itconsistsofseveralpagesofinfothatprovideacomposite
viewofallthedetailsaconsumerneedstodetermineiftheywanttobuytheapp.Anapp
listingtypicallyincludestheapp’sname,thepublisher’sname,languagesupport,device
support,pricetier,screenshots,ageratingandcustomerreviews.Theweb-basedversion
ofthisiscalledanapplistingpage.
applocalizer(n)~Adevelopertoolthatisusedtocreatelocalizableresourcesforanapp.
appmanifest(n)~AnXMLfilethatspecifiesthecharacteristicsofanapplication.This
includesmetadatafortheapplication,dependenciesonotherpackages,andcapabilities
requiredbytheapp.
AppModel(PN)~AmodelthatdefinescharacteristicsofWindowsStoreapps.
AppMonitor(n)~Adashboardwhereadminscantracktheoverallhealthoftheappsina
sitecollectionortenancy.
appname(n)~Thenameofaproductinthestorethatappearstocustomers.Totheend
user,thisisthenameoftheproduct.
apppackage(n)~Afilethatcontainstheappmanifest,executablefiles,textandimage
resourcefiles,andotherfilesthatmakeuptheappforasingleplatform.
AppPackageDeploymentClientDLL(PN)~ADLLthatdeploys.appxpackages.
apppackagesigning(n)~TheprocessofaddingasecuredigitalAuthenticodesignature
toanapppackagebeforeitisavailableintheWindowsStore.Thedigitalsignatureshows
whosignedthepackage,thatthesignerisrecognizedbytheclientasatrustedsource,and
thatthecontentofthepackagewasnotchangedafteritwassigned.
AppPackageSysprep(PN)~Autilitythatpreparestheoperatingsystemforan
installationofanapppackage.
apppackager(n)~Adevelopertooltobuildappxpackages.
apppart(n)~AcomponentofanappforSharePointthatcanbeembeddedonasitepage
toexposethefunctionalityoftheapp.
apppreview(n)~AplaceholderontheStartscreenthatrepresentsanappnotyetinstalled
onthePC.
appproceeds(n)~ReceiptsaftertheWindowsStorefeehasbeensubtracted.
appproceedssincelastpayment(n)~ReceiptsaftertheWindowsStorefeehasbeen
subtracted.
appproceedstodate(n)~ReceiptsaftertheWindowsStorefeehasbeensubtracted.
AppServiceLogicApps(n)~AfeatureofAppServicethatautomatestheaccessanduse
ofdataacrosscloudswithoutwritingcode.
AppServiceMobileApps(n)~AfeatureofAppServicethatallowsdeveloperstocreate
mobileappsthatengageemployees,partners,andcustomersonanydeviceatanytime.
AppServiceWebApps(n)~AfeatureofAppServicethatallowsdeveloperstocreate
anddeploybusiness-scalablemission-criticalwebapps.
AppServices(PN)~ThefamilyofapplicationservicesinMicrosoftAzuretoallowusers
tobrandanddistributetheirapplications.
appstep(n)~Aworkflowstepwhoseactionscanreadfromandwritetoallitemsina
site.
AppSummary(PN)~Collecteddataaboutanapp,suchasanalyticsofdownload,usage,
in-applicationtransaction,customerratingsprovidedbytheWindowsStoredeveloper
portal.Thistypeofinformationhelpsdevelopersclearlyunderstandhowtheirapplications
aredoingintheWindowsmarket.
appswitch(n)~AfeatureofInternetExplorer10thatallowsuserstoeasilyswitch
betweenwebsitesandtheircorrespondingapps.
AppSwitcher(PN)~Afeaturethatdisplaystherecentlyusedappsthatcanbeaccessed
bypressingandholdingtheBackhardwarebutton.
appswitching(n)~Thefunctionalitythatallowsuserstoswitchbacktorecentlyused
apps.
apptile(n)~AtileontheStartscreen,asdefinedinitsmanifest.Anappcanonlyhave
oneapptile,butitcanhavemultiplesecondarytiles.
apptitle(n)~Thenameadeveloperprovidesfortheirapplication.
AppUpdate(PN)~AWindowsStoreservicethatenablesenduserstoupdateappsoneat
atimeorallatthesametimeforallappspurchasedthroughtheWindowsStore.
appweb(n)~AsubwebsitetowhichtheSharePointcomponentsofanapparedeployed
whentheappisinstalledonahostweb.
APPC(oth)~AnIBMSystemsNetworkArchitecturecommunicationsmethodthatuses
theLU6.2protocoltoestablish,manage,andterminatenetworkcommunicationbetween
programsinadistributedcomputingenvironment.
AppCompatdatabase(n)~Adatabasethatcontainsalistofapplicationsthatmayhave
potentialcompatibilityproblemsandremedies.Whenanapplicationstarts,Windows
checksthisdatabasetoconfiguresystemoptionstominimizecompatibilityproblems.
AppDomain(n)~Aboundarythatthecommonlanguageruntimeestablishesaround
objectscreatedwithinthesameapplicationscope(thatis,anywherealongthesequenceof
objectactivationsbeginningwiththeapplicationentrypoint).Applicationdomainshelp
isolateobjectscreatedinoneapplicationfromthosecreatedinotherapplicationssothat
run-timebehaviorispredictable.Multipleapplicationdomainscanexistinasingle
process.
appealing(adj)~Compellingand/orattractiveinappearance.
AppearAway(PN)~Anitemontheuser’sMyStatusmenuthatcanbeselectedwhile
signedintomakeitappeartootherusersthatheorsheiscurrentlyaway.
AppearOffline(PN)~Theitemontheuser’sMyStatusmenuthattheusercanselect
whilesignedintomakeitappeartootherusersthatheorsheiscurrentlyoffline.
Appearoffline(PN)~Thestatusmenuitemthatmakesitappeartotheuser’scontacts
thatheorsheiscurrentlyoffline.
append(v)~Toplaceorinsertasanattachmentbyaddingdatatotheendofafileor
databaseorextendingacharacterstring.
Append(n)~AnaccessrightavailableinMicrosoftDynamicsCRMthatenablesusersto
attachanentityinstancetotheselectedentityinstance.
appendquery(n)~Anactionquerythataddstherecordsinaquery’sresultsettotheend
ofanexistingtable.
appender(n)~Intheloggingframework,thepartofloggerconfigurationfilescontaining
parametersthatcontroltheloggingofeachloggertotracelogssentautomaticallyto
ApplicationInsightsandexploreandsearchonthem.
AppFabric1.1forWindowsServer(PN)~The1.1versionofWindowsServer
AppFabricwhichcontains:read-throughandwrite-behindprovidersupport,graceful
shutdown,domainaccountsupport,newASP.NETsessionstateandoutputcaching
providers,compression,andmultiplecacheclientapplicationconfigurationsections.
Apple~TheAppleCorporationmakestheonlysuccessfulmass-marketpersonal
computerwhichdoesn’tuseMicrosoftWindows,theMac,andthephenomenally
successful-iPhone-(smartphone),iPod-(musicplayer)and-iPad-(tablet).
AppleQuickTime(n)~SoftwarecomponentsdevelopedbyAppleforcreating,editing,
publishing,andviewingmultimediacontent.QuickTime,whichsupportsvideo,
animation,graphics,3-D,VR(virtualreality),MIDI,music,sound,andtext,hasbeenpart
oftheMacOSsinceversion7oftheoperatingsystemandisusedinmanyMacintosh
applications.WindowsapplicationscanalsorunQuickTimefilesbutrequirethe
installationofspecialplayersoftware.QuickTimeisoftenusedontheWebtoprovide
Webpageswithvideoandanimation.MostWebbrowserssupportplug-insforrunning
thesetypesoffiles.QuickTimeisalsopartofthenewMPEG-4specification.
AppleShareFileServer(n)~Aremotefilingsystemprotocolthatprovidesastandard
meansforaworkstationonanAppleTalknetworktoaccessandmanipulatefilesonan
AFP-implementedserver.
applet(n)~AsmallpieceofcodethatcanbetransportedovertheInternetandexecuted
ontherecipient’smachine.Thetermisespeciallyusedtorefertosuchprogramsasthey
areembeddedinlineasobjectsinHTMLdocumentsontheWorldWideWeb.
Applet~Asmallprogramusedtocarryoutaparticulartask,usuallyonawebpage.
AppleTalk(n)~TheAppleComputernetworkarchitectureandnetworkprotocols.A
networkthathasMacintoshclientsandacomputerrunningWindows2000Serveror
WindowsNTServerwithServicesforMacintoshfunctionsasanAppleTalknetwork.
AppleTalkProtocolsuite(n)~ThesetofnetworkprotocolsonwhichAppleTalknetwork
architectureisbased.TheAppleTalkProtocolisinstalledwithServicesforMacintoshto
helpusersaccessresourcesonanetwork.
applicabilityrule(n)~Aruleusedbyanupdateagenttodeterminewhethertheupdateis
neededbyagivencomputer.
Applicableto(PN)~Afieldonthecross-campaignrulespagewhereapersoncanspecify
whattheruleappliesto.ThechoicesareContacts’and‘Emailaddress.”
applicant(n)~Apersonwhomakesaformalwrittenorelectronicrequesttoworkforor
fillanopenpositioninanorganization.
application(n)~Asetofinstructionsthatacomputerordeviceusestoperformaspecific
task,suchaswordprocessing,accounting,ordatamanagement.
application(n)~ACommerceServerapplicationisalogicalrepresentationofan
applicationinMicrosoftInternetInformationServices(IIS);itappearsinbothCommerce
ServerManagerandtheIISconsoletrees.IntheIISconsoletreeanapplicationiseitherat
therootdirectoryleveloftheWebsiteoratasubdirectoryleveloftheWebsite.
application(n)~Thecontainerforyourcompany’sPerformancePointPlanningbusiness
modeldefinitions,predefinedanduser-defineddimensions,themappingsthatconnect
thesebusinessmodeldefinitionswithyourcompany’sdatasource,andother
PerformancePointPlanningmetadatalikeviews,permissions,andprocessscheduling
information.
application(n)~AcollectionofWeb-basedlists,libraries,calendars,andotherpagesyou
usetoshareinformationandmanageanareaofyourbusiness,suchasyourprojects,
documents,andcompanyinformation.
application(n)~AWebapplicationthatconsistsofagroupoftightlyrelatedcomponents
suchasASP.NETWebpages,WCFWebservices,andworkflowsthatrunina.NET
applicationdomain.Anapplicationisaunitofdeployment,configuration,and
management.
application(n)~Adocumentthatrecordstheprofileoftheapplicant.
applicationadapter(n)~Anadaptercreatedtoworkwithaspecificapplicationor
protocol.
ApplicationAdministrator(n)~Asecurityrolethatgrantspermissionstoadministrative
userssothattheycanperformboththeApplicationDeploymentManagerroleandthe
ApplicationAuthorrole.
ApplicationAdvisor(n)~Awebconsolethatisusedtoprovideenvironment-wideand
application-specificreports.
ApplicationAgent(n)~Anagentthatmonitorscheckpointsforpotentialthreatsmaking
changestoyourinstalledapplications,suchasmodifyingInternetExploreror
downloadingActiveXapplicationsfromtheInternet.
applicationapproval(n)~Anadditionalactionthatisrequiredafteranenduserrequests
anapplicationandbeforetheapplicationbecomesavailablefordeployment.
ApplicationAssembliesGallery(PN)~Thesitecollectionlevelgallerycontainingthe
binaryassembliesthatareusedbycodemethodbusinessdataactions,orExternalData
Parts.
ApplicationAuthor(n)~Asecurityrolethatgrantspermissionstoadministrativeusersso
thattheycancreate,modify,andretireapplications.
applicationbase(n)~Thedirectorywherethe.exefilethatloadsintotheinitialordefault
applicationdomainislocated.Ifyoucreateyourownapplicationdomain,theapplication
baseisthelocationyouspecifyintheAppDomainSetupclass.
applicationbasket(n)~Alistofapplicationsreviewedbyhumanresourcepersonnel.
applicationcalendar(n)~Atimeperiodconceptthatmatchesthepracticesthatareused
inyourcompany.
ApplicationCatalogwebservicepoint(n)~AConfigurationManagersitesystemrole
thatprovidesapplicationinformationfromtheSoftwareLibrarytotheApplication
Catalogwebsite.
ApplicationCatalogwebsitepoint(n)~AConfigurationManagersitesystemrolethat
providesuserswithalistofavailablesoftwarefromtheApplicationCatalog
ApplicationCenter(PN)~AMicrosoftdeploymentandmanagementtoolforhigh
availabilityWebapplicationsbuiltontheMicrosoftWindowsoperatingsystem.
applicationcompatibility(n)~Theconceptofensuringthatolderapplicationsstillrun
correctlyunderneweroperatingsystems.
applicationcompatibilitydatabase(n)~Adatabasethatcontainsalistofapplications
thatmayhavepotentialcompatibilityproblemsandremedies.Whenanapplicationstarts,
Windowschecksthisdatabasetoconfiguresystemoptionstominimizecompatibility
problems.
ApplicationCompatibilityManager(PN)~Theuserinterfacethatenablesyoutoview
reportsbasedontheUpdateCompatibilityEvaluator(UCE)andsecurityinformation
generatedfromtheACTdatabase.Thisisalsowhereyoucreatethedatacollection
packagesusedtodeployUCE.
ApplicationCompatibilityToolkit(n)~Asuiteoftoolsthatenablessoftwaredevelopers,
independentsoftwarevendors(ISVs),andenterpriseITprofessionalstodetermine
whethertheirapplicationsarecompatiblewithanewversionofWindowsbeforerollingit
outtothecompany.ACTalsoenablessuchindividualstodeterminehowWindows
securityupdatesmayimpacttheirapplications.
ApplicationCompatibilityToolkitDataCollector(PN)~Acomponentofthe
ApplicationCompatibilityToolkitthatinstallsthecompatibilityevaluators,maintainsthe
compatibilityevaluatorscheduling,collectsyourdatathroughthecompatibility
evaluators,anduploadstheissuedatatoboththeMicrosoftCompatibilityExchangeand
yourACTdatabase.
ApplicationConfigurationAttachmode(n)~Amodethatrestoresconfigurationdata
storedintheadministrationdatabase.
applicationconfigurationfile(n)~AnXML-basedfileinaMicrosoft.NET
-application-that-isusedforstoringapplicationconfigurationsettings.Thisfileis
namedapp.configinaMicrosoftC#project.
applicationdata(n)~Thesettingsanddatausedbyaparticularapplication.
applicationdatabase(n)~Thedatabasethatstoresuserandsystemdataforone
application.Theapplicationdatabasecontainstheevents,subscriptions,andnotifications
fortheapplication.Italsocontainssystemmetadata,includingtheschemasfortheevents,
subscriptions,andnotificationsfortheapplication;andthematchrulesfortheapplication.
applicationdefinition(n)~Adesign-timedescriptionofan‘atomic’deployable
applicationlayersystemthatoffersand/orconsumesservices.
applicationdefinition(n)~AfilethatdescribesadatabaseorWebserviceandincludes
connectionsettings,authenticationmode,definitionsofavailableentities,andother
information.
applicationdefinitionfile(n)~AnXMLfilethatfullydescribesasingleNotification
Servicesapplication.TheADFfilecontainstheschemasfortheevents,subscriptions,and
notifications;therulesformatchingeventswithsubscriptions;andmayprovidethename
oftheXSLTfileusedtoformatgeneratednotifications.
ApplicationDeliveryNetwork(PN)~AresourceoftheContentDeliveryNetwork
serviceasasuiteoftechnologiesdeployedtogethertoprovideapplicationavailability,
security,visibility,andacceleration.
ApplicationDeploymentManager(PN)~Asecurityrolethatgrantspermissionsto
administrativeuserssothattheycandeployandmonitorapplications.
ApplicationDesigner(n)~OneoftheDistributedSystemDesignersthatcompriseTeam
Architect.TheApplicationDesignerisusedtodesignindividualapplicationsthat
compriseanapplicationsystem.
applicationdevelopmentlanguage(n)~Acomputerlanguagedesignedforcreating
applications.Thetermisusuallyrestrictedtorefertolanguageswithspecifichigh-level
constructsgearedtowardrecorddesign,formlayout,databaseretrievalandupdate,and
similartasks.
ApplicationDiagnostics(n)~Afeatureformonitoringtheperformanceofcodeand
providingthemonitoringinformationbacktoauserinaconsumableformat.
ApplicationDiagnosticsnavigationpane(n)~Theresizablenavigationpaneonwhich
youcanaccessthefilteringandreportingcapabilitiesofApplicationDiagnostics.
ApplicationDiagnosticspreviewpane(n)~ThepanethatdisplaystheEventProperties
taboftheEventdialogbox.
ApplicationDiagnosticstoolbararea(n)~Theareawherethetoolbaroptionsprovideall
ofthetoolsthatyourequiretocontrolthequantityandtypeofinformationtodisplayin
ApplicationDiagnostics.
ApplicationDiagnosticsviewpane(n)~Theviewpanethatprovidesalistofselected
events.
applicationdiagram(n)~Thediagramusedtovisualize,define,connect,andconfigure
applicationsinthesolution.Theapplicationdiagram(.ad)filecontainsinformationbased
ontheSystemDefinitionModel(SDM).
applicationdirectory(n)~Thedirectoryonanindexserveroraqueryserverwhereall
filesarestoredforthepurposeofcreatingafull-textindexcatalogorperformingqueries
onafull-textindexcatalog.
applicationdisplay(n)~Thescreen(theSurfacescreenoranattachedexternalmonitor)
whereusermodewillappearwhenyouarecalibratingtheunit.
applicationdomain(n)~Aboundarythatthecommonlanguageruntimeestablishes
aroundobjectscreatedwithinthesameapplicationscope(thatis,anywherealongthe
sequenceofobjectactivationsbeginningwiththeapplicationentrypoint).Application
domainshelpisolateobjectscreatedinoneapplicationfromthosecreatedinother
applicationssothatrun-timebehaviorispredictable.Multipleapplicationdomainscan
existinasingleprocess.
applicationdomainhost(n)~Ahostonwhichtheapplicationdomainislocated.
applicationendpoint(n)~Anendpointatwhichanapplicationprovidesorusesaservice
andisofproviderorconsumertype,respectively.
ApplicationErrorMonitoring(PN)~ASystemCenterEssentialsthatprovidesagentless
monitoringofapplicationexceptionsonclients.Managedcomputerscangenerateand
sendanerrorreportupondetectionofapplicationserrors.
ApplicationErrorReporting(n)~Atoolthatcompilesadetailedreportintheeventthat
anOfficeprogramcrashesandeitherdirectstheusertoapotentialsolution(forknown
problems)ortransmitsthereporttoMicrosoftforinvestigation(withuserpermission).
ApplicationEventLog(n)~Arecordofactivitieswithanapplication.
applicationexclusion(n)~Afeaturethatenablesthelicenseissuertospecifythe
applicationIDofthoseplayersonwhichtodisallowtheuseofthepackagedfiles.
applicationexclusivetime(n)~Thetimespentinfunctiontokernelmodeand
PerformanceToolsprobes,excludingtimespentinitemsitcallsandexcludingtimespent
intransitions.
applicationextensionservices(n)~InSilverlight,classesthatextendtheapplication
modelbyprovidingservicesthatcanparticipateintheapplicationlifecycle.
applicationfile(n)~Adiskfilethatcontainstheexecutableportionsofacomputer
program.Dependingonitssizeandprogramgeneratorprogrammingcomplexity,an
applicationorotherprogram,suchasanoperatingsystem,canbestoredinseveral
differentfiles,eachcontainingtheinstructionsnecessaryforsomepartoftheprogram’s
overallfunctioning.
applicationflow(n)~Amapordiagramthatoutlinestheflowofanapplicationfromone
screenorpieceofUItothenext.
ApplicationFlowpanel(n)~Apanelthatdisplaystheapplicationflowofaprototype
project.
applicationframework(n)~AgroupofC++classesintheMicrosoftFoundationClass
LibrarythatprovidestheessentialcomponentsofanapplicationforWindows.The
applicationframeworkdefinestheskeleton,orframework,ofanapplicationandsupplies
standarduser-interfaceimplementationsthatcanbeplacedontotheskeleton.
ApplicationFrameworksresources(n)~Asetofprograms,WindowsPowerShell
cmdlets,andscriptsthatenableuserstoinstallvirtualapplicationsandWebapplications
duringthedeploymentofaservice.
ApplicationGatewayHours(n)~AunitofmeasureforthetimeusedoftheBasic
ApplicationGatewayservicetypeoftheNetworkingserviceinAzure.
applicationicon(n)~Asmallstaticimageorgraphicthatrepresentsanapplication.
applicationidentity(n)~Theaccountthatisusedtoruntheapplication.
ApplicationImpactTelemetry(PN)~Asub-featureofApplicationTelemetrywhose
goalistogatherinformationonhowapplicationsusefeaturesexposedbytheoperating
system(COMobjects,registry,DLLs,DLLexports,etc.).Thisdataisusedtobetter
understandhowachangetoorremovalofaWindowsfeaturemayimpactapplicationsand
overallapplicationcompatibilitygoals.Italsohelpsunderstandhowfeaturesareused,and
allowsMicrosofttousethatinformationinplanningnewfeatures,allocatingtesting
resources,etc.
ApplicationImpactTelemetryAgent(PN)~ThescheduledtaskpartofApplication
ImpactTelemetry(AIT)thatrunsnightlytoconsumetheeventsloggedtoEventTracing
forWindows(ETW)bytheAITRuntimesystemandsendthembacktoMicrosoftusing
SQM.
applicationinclusivetime(n)~Thetimespentinfunctionanditemsitcalls,excluding
timespentintransitionstokernelmodeandPerformanceToolsprobes.
ApplicationInformationService(n)~Asystemservicethatfacilitatesstarting
applicationsthatrequireoneormoreelevatedprivilegestorun,suchasAdministrative
Tasks.Whenuserrequireselevatedprivilegestorunanapplicationandgivesconsent,AIS
createsanewprocessfortheapplicationwiththeuser’sfullaccesstoken.
ApplicationInitialization(PN)~AnIISfeaturethatenableswebadministratorsto
configureIIStoinitializewebapplications,sotheapplicationisreadyforthefirstrequest.
ApplicationInsights(PN)~AVisualStudioAdd-inandaMicrosoftAzureserviceof
telemetrycollectionformonitoringtheavailability,performance,andusageofdeployed
liveapplications,notnecessarilyMicrosoftAzureapplications,anddiagnosingissuesor
exceptionsinwebservicesthroughlogtraces,withoutcoderedeploying.
ApplicationInsightsStatusMonitor(PN)~Aruntimeinstrumentationagenttomonitor
awebapplicationthatisalreadyinstalledandrunningwithoutupdatingthecodeor
redeployingitandgetperformancetelemetryrightaway,orinserttracecode,orusage
analytics.
ApplicationInsightsTelemetry(PN)~AtooltogetinsightsintotheKPIsofon-premises
andWindowsAzureapplications.
ApplicationInsightsToolsforVisualStudio(n)~AVisualStudioAdd-inanda
MicrosoftAzureserviceoftelemetrycollectionformonitoringtheavailability,
performance,andusageofdeployedliveapplications,notnecessarilyMicrosoftAzure
applications,anddiagnosingissuesorexceptionsinwebservicesthroughlogtraces,
withoutcoderedeploying.
applicationinstallationpackage(n)~Thepackagethatincludestheinstaller,Application
CompatibilityToolkitDataCollector(ACT-DC),thecompatibilityevaluators,andthe
configurationfilestobedeployedtoclientcomputers.
ApplicationIntegrationFramework(PN)~Theframeworkthatprovidesacollectionof
features,tools,andinfrastructurethatusesaservicesprogrammingmodeltosupport
applicationintegration.
applicationisolation(n)~Theseparationofapplicationsbyprocessboundariesthat
preventtheapplicationsfromaffectingoneanother.
applicationlayer(n)~LayersevenoftheOSImodel,thelayeratwhichapplications
accessnetworkservices.Thislayerrepresentstheservicesthatdirectlysupport
applications,suchassoftwareforfiletransfer,databaseaccess,ande-mail.
applicationlayer(n)~Asetofapplicationmodelsthattakeprecedenceoverapplication
modelsthatareinlowerapplicationlayers.ThelowestlayerisnamedSYS.
ApplicationLayerEnforcement(n)~AnoperationofWindowsFilteringPlatform
(WFP)whichprovidesenforcementforsecuritypoliciesby,ineachcase,trappingthe
event,determinewhatapplicationinitiatedit,andquerythefilterenginetodetermine
whetherthesocketshouldbeallowedtoproceed.
applicationlibrarycaching(n)~InSilverlight,afeaturethatenablesapplicationstouse
externallibraryassembliesretrievedfromtheserverorfromthelocalbrowsercache.
applicationlicense(n)~Alicensethatauthorizesprotectionoffileandapplication
resourcesonasingleserver.
applicationlog(n)~Arecordofeventsthataregeneratedbytheapplicationsrunningona
system.
applicationmanifest(n)~AnXMLdocumentthatdescribesrequirementsforan
application.Theapplicationmanifestcanbeaseparatefileorembeddedinthe
application’s.exefile.
applicationmap(n)~AmappingbetweenfilenameextensionsandHTTPrequest
handlersthatenablesWebhostingapplicationstodeterminewhichhandlerrespondsto
requestsforspecifictypesoffiles.
applicationmediapool(n)~Amediapoolcreatedbyapplications.Applicationmedia
poolsdeterminewhichmediacanbeaccessedbywhichapplicationsandsetthepolicies
forthatmedia.TherecanbeanynumberofapplicationmediapoolsinaMediaService
system.
applicationmigration(n)~Themovementofthestructureandmetadataofanapplication
fromonesystemtoanother.
applicationmode(n)~ThemodeofaSurfaceunitwhenanapplicationisrunning.Only
oneapplicationappearsonaSurfacescreenatatime.Theapplicationdisplaysonthe
entirescreen.
applicationmodel(n)~Withinasingleapplicationlayer,amodelthatincludesaspecific
setofdeveloperelementssuchasclasses,tables,andforms.
applicationname(n)~Theuniqueandfriendlynamethatreferstoanapplication.
applicationnotification(n)~Anotificationthatstartsanapplicationataspecifiedtimeor
whenasystemeventoccurs.Whenanapplicationstartsastheresultofanotification,the
systemspecifiesacommand-lineparameterthatidentifiestheeventthathasoccurred.
ApplicationObjectTree(n)~Anavigableviewoftheelementobjectsinanapplication
model.
applicationofflining(adj)~TheactofdownloadingBCSSolutionsfromaSharePoint
sitetoOutlook.
applicationpackage(n)~Apackagefile,containingtheapplicationfilesandtheservice
modelfiles,usedtoruntheapplicationasacloudservice.
ApplicationPageRequest(PN)~Theoptionthatspecifieseventstriggeredbytheservice
applicationwhenlocatingaserver-forloadingaPowerPivotdatasourceand
communicatingwithotherserversinthefarm.
applicationpane(n)~Adiscreteareaofasplitorsinglewindowinwhichanapplication
userinterfaceisrendered.
ApplicationPerformanceMonitoringagent(n)~Anagentthatresidesonamonitored
systemandgathersexceptionandperformanceinformationfromamonitoredapplication
andreportsittotheAPMservice.
ApplicationPlanningandDesignGuide(PN)~Asupplementaldocumenttothecore
applicationquestionnairethatisintendedtoprovideabroadoverviewof
PerformancePointServer.
applicationpool(n)~AgroupingofoneormoreURLsservedbyaworkerprocess.
applicationpoolidentity(n)~Theuseraccountthattheworkerprocessesservicingthe
applicationpooluseastheirprocessidentity.Processidentityisthetermthatisusedto
denotetheaccountthataprocessrunsunder.
ApplicationPreload(PN)~AnIISextensionthatenablestheprocessofautomatically
startinganapplicationwithoutarequestsothatinitialwarm-uptimefortheapplicationis
minimized.
applicationpreview(n)~Theimage,videoorslideshowforanapplicationthatappears
inLauncherwhentheapplicationisselectedandappearsatthecenteroftheLauncher
menu.WhentheapplicationisnotselectedinLauncher,theapplicationiconisdisplayed.
applicationprofile(n)~AVirtualMachineManagerlibraryresourcethatcontains
instructionsforinstallingMicrosoftServerApp-V,theWebDeploytool,andMicrosoft
SQLServerdata-tierapplicationsandforrunningscriptswhenyoudeployavirtual
machineaspartofaservice.
applicationprogramminginterface(n)~Asetofroutinesthatanapplicationusesto
requestandcarryoutlower-levelservicesperformedbyacomputer’sordevice’s
operatingsystem.Theseroutinesusuallycarryoutmaintenancetaskssuchasmanaging
filesanddisplayinginformation.
applicationprototype(n)~Atemplateofanapplicationdefinitionthatcanbeplacedon
thetoolbox.Maybepre-suppliedorcanbecreatedfromanyapplicationonthe
ApplicationConnectionDiagramanddistributedforusebyotherusers.
applicationprovideragreement(n)~Anagreementthatdescribesthetermsand
conditionsoftherelationshipbetweentheapplicationproviderandtheorganization
offeringaparticularservicewithregardstotheapplication.
applicationprovisioning(n)~TheprocessofsynchronizingasecondaryserverwithWeb
DeployprovidersthatareinstalledontheprimaryserverbyusingtheApplication
Provisioningfeature.TheApplicationProvisioningfeatureusestheMicrosoftWeb
Deployagentservicetoperformsynchronization.
ApplicationRegistryService(PN)~AsharedserviceinSharePointServerthat
duplicatestheOfficeSharePointServerBusinessDataCatalogservice.TheApplication
RegistryServicesupportsrunningsolutionsthatarebasedontheSharePointServer
BusinessDataCatalogservice.
ApplicationRequestRouting(n)~Aproxy-basedroutingandload-balancingmodulefor
IIS7.ThismoduleusesinformationgatheredfromHTTPheadersandservervariablesand
thenleveragestheURLRewritemoduletomakeroutingdecisionsattheapplicationlayer.
applicationrevocation(n)~Aprocessbywhichapplicationsthatareknowntobe
damagedorcorruptedarepreventedfromplayinganypackagedfiles.
applicationrole(n)~ASQLServerrolecreatedtosupportthesecurityneedsofan
application.
applicationroot(n)~Therootdirectoryforanapplication;alldirectoriesandfiles
containedwithintheapplicationrootareconsideredpartoftheapplication.Alsocalledan
applicationstartingpointdirectory.
applicationscope(n)~Awayofmakingdataavailabletoallusersofanapplicationfrom
allpagesofaWebapplication.Avariableoranobjectisgivenapplicationscopeby
storingitintheActiveServerPages(ASP)applicationobject.Applicationscopeisuseful
forglobaldata,suchasaglobalcounter.
Applicationserver(PN)~AcomponentofFrontEndServerthatprovidesaplatformby
whichtodeploy,host,andmanageunifiedcommunicationsapplications.
ApplicationServerrole(n)~Arolethatconsistsoftheservicesthatprovideusersaccess
todataandcontent.TorunMicrosoftDynamicsCRM,youmusthaveatleastone
computerthatisrunningtheApplicationServerrole.
applicationservice(n)~InASP.NET,built-infunctionalityforcommonapplicationtasks.
ASP.NETincludesapplicationservicesforauthentication(ASP.NETmembership),
persistentper-userinformation(profileproperties),andmore.
applicationserviceprovider(n)~Anorganizationthatdeliversacontractualserviceto
deploy,host,manage,andprovideaccesstoanapplicationfromafacilityotherthanthe
customer’ssite.
applicationsession(n)~Theperiodoftimewhenanapplicationisrunning.Whenan
applicationstarts,thesessionstarts.Whenanapplicationquits,thesessionends.
applicationsetting(n)~Asimplekey/valuepairthatletsyoucreateapplication-wide
valuesinacentrallocationthatcanbeaccessedfromanywherewithintheWeb
application.
applicationsharing(n)~Afeaturethatallowsausertosharedocumentsorapplications
withothers.Theusercanalsochoosetogiveanotherpersoncontrolofanapplicationor
theuser’scomputer.
applicationsingle-threadedapartment(n)~Asingle-threadedapartmentthethreadof
whichisthecoreUIthreadforanapplicationwindow.
applicationsourcedataintegration(n)~Theprocessoftakingdatafromadata
warehouseordatamartintoPerformancePointPlanningServerstagingandapplication
databases.
ApplicationSourceRoot(n)~AregistrykeythatallowsanoverrideoftheOSD
CODEBASEfortheHREFelement(forexample,thesourcelocation)foranapplication
toenableanadministratororESDsystemtoensureapplicationloadingisperformed
accordingtotheirtopologymanagementscheme.
applicationstate(n)~InASP.NET,avariablestorethatiscreatedontheserverforthe
currentapplicationandissharedbyallusers.Applicationstateistypicallyusedtostore
informationthatisusedforallusers,suchasapplication-widesettings.
applicationsuite(n)~Asetofapplicationprogramssoldasapackage,usuallyatalower
pricethanthatoftheindividualapplicationssoldseparately.Asuiteforofficework,for
example,mightcontainawordprocessingprogram,aspreadsheet,adatabase
managementprogram,andacommunicationsprogram.
ApplicationSuite(PN)~ThesetofapplicationsfromMicrosoftthatincludesConcierge,
Music,andPhotos.YouinstalledtheseapplicationsbyusingtheApplicationSuiteSetup
wizard.
applicationsystem(n)~Asystemthatdefinesaspecificandreusableconfigurationof
applicationsandothersystemsasmembers.Youcanconfigurethesemembersand
describethecommunicationpathwaysbetweenthem.
ApplicationTelemetry(PN)~Asystemthatisusedtogatherawidevarietyof
informationaboutapplications.Itincludes,butisnotlimitedto,whatshimsareapplied,
whatcompatibilityswitchingcontextisused,ifPCAappliesalayer,anditincludes
ApplicationImpactTelemetry.
applicationtime(n)~Thetotaltimeafterestimatedkerneltimehasbeensubtractedfrom
elapsedtime.
applicationtime(n)~Theclocktimesuppliedbyapplicationswhichmustcommunicate
theirapplicationtimetotheStreamInsightserversothatalltemporaloperatorsrefertothe
timestampoftheeventsandnevertothesystemclockofthehostmachine.
ApplicationVerifier(n)~Agraphicaluserinterface(GUI)toolthataidsITmanagersand
developersintestingapplicationsonMicrosoft-®Windows-®andtheWindowsServer
family.Ithelpsdevelopersidentifypotentialapplicationcompatibility,stability,and
securityissues.
applicationvirtualization(n)~Theprocessofcreatingavirtualapplication.
ApplicationVirtualizationClient(PN)~AnapplicationthatresidesonaTerminal
ServerandwhichcommunicatesandauthenticateswiththeMicrosoftSystemCenter
VirtualApplicationServertoreceivetheapplicationcodeandallowasequenced
applicationtoberunlocally.
ApplicationVirtualizationdrive(n)~Thedefaultvirtualapplicationclientdrive(Q:\)
fromwhichsequencedapplicationsarerun.
ApplicationVirtualizationManagementConsole(PN)~Centralizedsnap-intothe
MicrosoftManagementConsoleandwhichyouusetoadministertheSystemCenter
ApplicationVirtualizationsystem.
ApplicationVirtualizationManagementServer(PN)~OneoftwoApplication
Virtualizationservertypesfromwhichasequencedapplicationpackagecanbestreamed.
Inadditiontostreamingvirtualapplicationpackages,theApplicationVirtualization
ManagementServeroffersotherservicessuchaspublishing,management,reporting,and
soon.
ApplicationVirtualizationManagementService(PN)~Aservicethatactsasan
intermediarybetweentheManagementConsoleandtheDataStore.Firstitauthenticates
itsusers,andthenitallowsauthorizedadministratorstomanipulatedatainthedatastore.
ApplicationVirtualizationreporting(n)~Virtualapplicationinformationgatheredfor
dataanalysis.Dataiscollectedforassemblyofcustomviewsandinterpretation.
ApplicationVirtualizationStreamingServer(PN)~OneoftwoApplication
Virtualizationservertypesfromwhichasequencedapplicationpackagecanbestreamed.
TheStreamingServerstreamsapplicationstotheclientmachinesonlyanddoesnotoffer
otherservicessuchaspublishing,management,reporting,andsoon.
applicationwindow(n)~Awindowthatservesasaninterfacebetweentheuserandthe
application.
ApplicationWizard(n)~TheWizardthathelpsyoudeterminehowtheapplicationis
presentedtousers.Thisstepletsyouspecifyanicon,modifyshortcutsettings,createfile
typeassociations,andruntheapplicationssotheSequencercancollectinformationabout
theapplications.
ApplicationXML(PN)~AnXML-basedserializationformatusedbySharePoint-based
serverstorepresentAccessServicesdatabaseapplications.Itincludesdatabaseproperties,
queries,forms,reports,andmacros.
application-leveladd-in(n)~Asupplementalprogramthatmodifiesoraddsfunctionality
toanexistingprogramorapplication.Themodificationsareavailabletotheapplicationat
alltimes.
applieddecrease(n)~Aninventorydecreasethathasbeenappliedtoaspecificinventory
increase,forthepurposeofexactcostreversing.Thismightbethecase,forexample,with
apurchasereturnthatisappliedtoaspecificpurchasereceipt.
AppLocker(PN)~AWindowsfeaturethatallowsITprofessionalstocreaterulesand
policiesgoverningwhichapplicationscanberunbyindividualusersonthePCsinan
enterprise.
apply(v)~Tolinkoneormoretransactionstoanothertransactiontoeithertoreducethe
outstandingbalanceofatransactionortoshowavalidconnectionbetweenthe
transactions.
apply(v)~Toputintooperationortouse.
applybranch(n)~Thesetofoperationsappliedtoaneventgroup.
APPN(oth)~AnupgradetoIBMSystemsNetworkArchitecturethatsupportsdistributed
sessioncontrolservicesanddynamicrouting,avoidingdependenciesoncentralized
mainframenetworkservices.
appointment(n)~Anactivityrepresentedbyatimeintervalthathasastarttime,anend
time,andaduration.
appointment(n)~AcalendaritemintheExchangestore.Appointmentsdonotinclude
otherpeopleorresources.
AppointmentBook(n)~Aviewofserviceactivitiesandschedules.Newactivitiescanbe
createdorexistingactivitiescanbeviewedandupdated.
Appointmentdetails(n)~Thenotesfieldinanappointment,wheretheusercanaddextra
information.
appointmentscheduling(n)~Theprocessofreservingdatesandtimesforthepickupand
deliveryoftruckloadsofgoodsatspecificwarehouselocations.
apportionmentengine(n)~Anenginethatdeterminesandprocessestheapportionment
offreightcharges,eitherbyweightorbyvolume.
ApprenticeBaker(n)~AskilllevelintheComfyCakesgame.Onceyouhavecompleted
aComfyCakesgame,aplayergetsaskilllevelrankassignedautomaticallybythegame
(basedonthescoreyouhitduringthegame).
appropriation(n)~Adistributionofnetincometovariousaccountsorentities.
approval(n)~Aworkflowdecisionpointthatcanbeusedtoobtainauthorizationfroma
personbeforecontinuingintheworkflow.
approvalactivity(n)~Aworkflowdecisionpointthatcanbeusedtoobtainauthorization
fromapersonbeforecontinuingintheworkflow.
ApprovalAssistant(PN)~Areport,accessiblefromtheWebAuthor,thatgeneratesalist
ofallpageswaitingfortheapprovaloftheuserwhoisloggedon.
ApprovalCenter(PN)~Afeaturethatprovidesacentralizedlocationformanagersofall
typestoapproveworkandcontrolprogressonalloftheirprojectsplans.Itgivesmanagers
theabilitytopreviewtheimpactofacceptingupdatesfromresourcesaswellasviewtheir
pasthistoryofacceptedupdates.
approvale-mail(n)~Ane-mailthatissenttoidentifiedapproverswhenarequest
requiresanapprovalbeforebeingcommitted.
approvalhistory(n)~Thelogofapprovedchangesmadetoanobject.
approvallimit(n)~Anyamountorotherlimitssetforanapprover.
approvalrequest(n)~ArequestthatissenttoanapproverintheILMServiceaspartof
theprocessingofanapprovalactivity.
approvalresponse(n)~Ane-mailmessagesentfromtheILM2’Outlookadd-ininreply
toanapprovalrequest.’
approvalstatus(n)~Theapprovalstatusforanentry.
approvaltemplate(n)~Atablewithalistoftemplatesthattheusercanselecttosetup
whichdocumentshewantstobeincludedinanapprovalprocess.
approvalthreshold(n)~Thenumberofpositiveapprovalresponsemessagesneededto
permitarequesttocontinueprocessing.
ApprovalType(PN)~TheUIfieldthatspecifiestheroleofadocumentapprover.
approvalssearchfolder(n)~ThesearchfolderthatiscreatedbytheILMAdd-infor
Outlook2007andthatprovidestheuserwithawaytoseependingandcompleted
approvals,andapprovalrequestupdates.
approve(v)~Tomanuallyorautomaticallyauthorizetheoccurrenceoffutureeventsina
system.
approvedvendor(n)~Avendorthatisauthorizedtosupplyproductstooneormorelegal
entities.
approver(n)~Auserwhohaspermissiontoapproveorrejectsubmitteddocumentsor
data.
approximatetaxes(n)~Theestimatedtaxesfromproductionandsupplychainthatapply
toanitemorservice.
Apps(n)~Aunitofmeasureofthe‘PremiumApps’and‘StandardApps’resourcesofthe
‘ApplicationInsights’servicetypeofthe‘VisualStudio’servicefor‘Pay-As-You-Go’
billingbasedonthenumberofappsdelivered.
AppsCorner(PN)~Afeaturethatallowssmallbusinessandconsumerstolockdownthe
phoneortabletrunningWindowsPhonetoonlyallowtheuseofspecificapps.
AppsforOfficeandSharePointDeveloperCenter(PN)~Awebsitethatprovidestools
andresourcestohelpdeveloperscreateappsforOfficeandSharePoint.
AppsMarketplace(PN)~Theserviceonthephonewhereyoucanpurchaseand
downloadapps.
AppVerifier(n)~Agraphicaluserinterface(GUI)toolthataidsITmanagersand
developersintestingapplicationsonMicrosoft-®Windows-®andtheWindowsServer
family.Ithelpsdevelopersidentifypotentialapplicationcompatibility,stability,and
securityissues.
AQS(n)~Asearchquerysyntaxthathelpsproducemoreprecisesearchresultsbyusing
targetedqueriesthatsearchspecificpropertiesinamessagetype.AQSdefinescertain
keywordswhichcanbeusedtorefinethesearchquery,suchasspecifyingboolean
operationsonsearchedterms(AND,OR,NOT)aswellastospecifyfurtherfiltersbased
onfilemetadataorfiletype.Itcanalsobeusedtolimitresultsfromspecificinformation
storeslikeregularfiles,offlinefilescache,ore-mailstores.
ARAnotification(n)~Areportofpackagingmaterialsusedformanufacturedproducts,
asrequiredbyAustrianregulation.AltstoffRecyclingAustriaAGisanAustrianwaste
managementorganizationthatcollectsandrecyclespackagingmaterial.
arbitrationport(n)~ATCP/IPportusedbythecachehoststodeterminewhetheracache
hostintheclusterhasbecomeunavailable.Theportnumberthatisusedforarbitrationcan
bedifferentoneachcachehost.
architecture(n)~Thedesignofapplicationsoftwareincorporatingprotocolsandthe
meansforexpansionandinterfacingwithotherprograms.
architecture(n)~Thephysicalconstructionordesignofacomputersystemandits
components.
architecture(n)~Thedata-handlingcapacityofamicroprocessor.
Architecture~Thebasicdesignofacomputer’shardware.Computerswithdifferent
architecture,suchasthePCandtheMac,cannotruneachothers’programs.
archive(n)~Acompressedfile.
archive(n)~Informationthathasbeenmovedtoanotherlocationforstorageand
occasionalfutureaccess.
archive(v)~Tocompressafile.
archive(v)~Tomoveselecteditemstoanotherlocationforlongtermstorage.
archive(v)~TocreateacopyofalivesmoothstreamintheSmoothStreaming
presentationformatforlateron-demandviewing.
Archive(PN)~TheOutlookfolderwherearchiveditemsarestored.
archivemailbox(n)~Analternatestoragelocationinwhichtostorehistoricalmessaging
data,accessibleonlinethroughOutlook2010orOutlookWebApp.
archivemailbox(n)~Anadditionalmailboxenabledforamailboxuser.
archivememberheader(n)~Intheportableexecutable(PE)(image)fileformatfor
executablesandobjectfileundertheWindowsfamilyofoperatingsystems,oneormore
linesprintedatthebeginningofthefilethatidentifythefileasaPEformatimagefile.
Archived(PN)~AKnowledgebaseArticleStatus.Articlesinthisstatuscannotbeviewed
ontheSupportPortal.
ArchivingandCDRServer(n)~Aserverthatprovidestheabilitytoarchiveinstant
messagesforspecifiedusersfortwo-partyIMsessionsaswellasIMconferenceswith
morethantwoparties,andaddstheabilitytoarchivecalldetailrecordsforspecifiedusers
forpeer-to-peersessions,conferencesandEnterpriseVoicecalls.
area(n)~AgroupofnetworkswithinanOSPFautonomoussystem.OSPFareasreduce
thesizeofthelinkstatedatabaseandprovidetheabilitytosummarizeroutes.
area(n)~Apartoftheuserinterfacededicatedtoaparticularpurpose,suchasinstant
messagearea.”
area(n)~AnodeontheCommonStructureServicehierarchythatrepresentsafeature
area.
area(n)~Atileinapaneoronapage.
areaborderrouter(n)~Arouterthatisattachedtomultipleareas.Areaborderrouters
maintainseparatetopologicaldatabasesforeacharea.
areachart(n)~Atypeofchartthatdisplaysthetrendofvaluesovertimeorcategories.
Bydisplayingthesumoftheplottedvalues,anareachartalsoshowstherelationshipof
partstoawhole.
areacode(n)~Anumberthatidentifieseachtelephoneserviceareainacountry/region
andisusedasadialingprefix.
ARGB32(PN)~OneofthetwocommonpixelformatssupportedbyDirectX.ARGB32
consistsofuncompressedalpha,red,green,andblue.
argument(n)~Avaluethatafunctionoramethodusestoperformoperationsor
calculations.Thetypeofargumentisspecifictothefunctionormethod.Common
argumentsincludenumbers,text,cellreferences,andnames.
argumentmode(n)~AmodeintheMonadparserinwhicheverythingistreatedasan
expandablestringunlessitstartswith$,@,-€˜,-€œ,or(.
ARIMA(n)~Amethodfordeterminingdependenciesinobservationstakensequentially
intime,thatalsosupportsmultiplicativeseasonality.
arithmeticexpression(n)~Aseriesofelements,includingdatalabelsandconstantsas
wellasnumbers,thatarejoinedbyarithmeticoperators,suchas+and-,andcanbe
calculatedtoproduceavalue.
arithmeticlogicunit(n)~Acomponentofamicroprocessorchipusedforarithmetic,
comparative,andlogicalfunctions.
arithmeticoperator(n)~Anoperatorthatperformsanarithmeticoperation:+,-,x,or/.
Anarithmeticoperatorusuallytakesoneortwoarguments.
arithmeticoverflow(n)~Aconditionthatresultsfromcalculatingacolumnvaluethat
exceedsthecolumn’sspecifiedsize.
ARM(PN)~Agroupofprocessorscommonlyusedforlow-poweredhardware,suchas
tabletsandothermobiledevices.Thesesmall,high-performance32-bitRISC-based
microprocessorsarelicensedtovarioussemiconductormanufacturersbydesignerARM
Limited.
ARMarchitecture(n)~Afamilyofinstructionsetarchitecturesforcomputerprocessors
basedonareducedinstructionsetcomputing(RISC)architecturedevelopedbyBritish
companyARMHoldings.
ARMCrossTools(n)~Asetofprogramstodevelopapplicationsthatcanberunor
operatedonARMdevices.
ARMkitspolicy(n)~AsetofrulesthatenablesdeveloperstousevariousMicrosofttools
andkitsonARMdevices,andatthesametime,preservestheintegrityofARMdevices
thatshipwithaproductionpolicy.
armored(adj)~Pertainingtoadefensemechanismusedinsomemalicioussoftwarecode,
intendedtocomplicateorpreventanalysisofthecodewithreverseengineeringorcode
disassemblymethods.
ARP(n)~InTCP/IP,aprotocolthatusesbroadcasttrafficonthelocalnetworktoresolve
alogicallyassignedInternetProtocolversion4(IPv4)addresstoitsphysicalhardwareor
mediaaccesscontrol(MAClayeraddress.Inasynchronoustransfermode(ATM),ARPis
usedtwodifferentways.ForclassicalIPv4overATM(CLIP),ARPisusedtoresolve
addressestoATMhardwareaddreses.ForATMLANemulation(LANE),ARPisusedto
resolveEthernet/802.3orTokenRingaddressestoATMhardwareaddresses.
ARPcache(n)~AtableofInternetProtocolversion4(IPv4)addressesandtheir
correspondingmediaaccesscontrol(MAC)address.ThereisaseparateARPcachefor
eachinterface.
ARR(n)~Aproxy-basedroutingandload-balancingmoduleforIIS7.Thismoduleuses
informationgatheredfromHTTPheadersandservervariablesandthenleveragestheURL
Rewritemoduletomakeroutingdecisionsattheapplicationlayer.
arrangement(n)~Apredefinedcombinationofgroupedandsortedmessagesintable
view.
arrangement(n)~Acustom-createdlayoutofphotosinanalbum.
Arrangementview(n)~AWindowsviewthatprovideseasyresultsorganizationbydate,
type,author,tagorfolder(ArrangebyFolder’
array(n)~Inprogramming,alistofdatavalues,allofthesametype,anyelementof
whichcanbereferencedbyanexpressionconsistingofthearraynamefollowedbyan
indexingexpression.Arraysarepartofthefundamentalsofdatastructures,which,inturn,
areamajorfundamentalofcomputerprogramming.
arraybounds(n)~Specificationsofthemaximumandminimumsizeofanarray.
arrayconstant(n)~Asetofconstantsthatisacomponentofanarrayformula.
arrayformula(n)~Aformulathatperformsmultiplecalculationsononeormoresetsof
values,andthenreturnseitherasingleresultormultipleresults.
arrayinitializer(n)~Asequenceofvariableinitializersthatareassignedtothearray
elementsinthesamestatementinwhichthearrayisdeclared.
arraynetwork(n)~Aservernetworkdefinedatthearraylevel.
arrayserver(n)~Aservercomputerthat’samemberofaserverarray.
arrayvariable(n)~Avariablethatcancontainaseriesofvalues.
Arrived(adj)~Ascheduled’serviceactivitystatusthatdenotesthecustomerhasarrived
atthelocationoftheserviceactivity
arrowkey(n)~Anyoffourkeyslabeledwitharrowspointingup,down,left,andright,
usedtomovethecursorverticallyorhorizontallyonthedisplayscreenor,insome
programs,toextendthehighlight.
ArrowRibbon(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshoweitherrelatedor
contrastingconceptswithsomeconnection,suchasopposingforces.Thefirsttwolinesof
Level1textareusedfortextinthearrows.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremains
availableifyouswitchlayouts.
artboard(n)~Thedesignsurfaceusedtolayoutthevisualelementsofyourdocument.
ArtemisTiP(n)~Atypeofsubscriptionpurchasedbycustomersmeanttobeusedasa
productiontestofferbyMicrosoft’spartners.
article(n)~Amessagethatappearsinanewsgroup,publicfolder,orotherforum,suchas
FacebookorTwitter,accessiblebyanumberofindividuals.
article(n)~Acomponentinapublication.Forexample,atable,acolumn,orarow.
article(n)~Atext-basedpieceofcontentintheknowledgebase.
Article(n)~AsingleinstanceofcontentthatisdisplayedintheKnowledgebasesectionof
yourSupportPortal.
articulation(n)~Aseriesofadjustmentsappliedbyasynthesizertothepitch,volume,
andotherparametersofaninstrumentsoundtomakeitmorerealistic.
artifact(n)~AcomponentofaBizTalkapplicationorproject.Examplesare
orchestrations,pipelines,messageschemas,securitycertificates,businessrulepolicies,
andbindings.
artifact(n)~AsoftwareconstructthatisavailableincommontoAzureservicesand
resources
artifacttype(n)~Atypeofdatathatatoolexposespubliclysothatothertoolscanrefer
toit.Eachartifactmusthaveanartifacttype.Eachartifactmustbeidentifiedbyaunique
andimmutableartifactidentifier.
artist(n)~Aperformerofasongorotheraudiorecording.
artisticeffect(n)~Aneffectthatausercanapplytoanimagetoachieveaspecificartistic
look.
AS(n)~Agroupofroutersornetworkscontrolledbyasingleadministrativeauthority
usingacommonInteriorGatewayProtocol(IGP)forroutingpackets.Eachautonomous
systemisassignedagloballyuniquenumbercalledanautonomous-systemnumber
(ASN).
ASboundaryrouter(n)~Arouterthatexchangesroutinginformationwithroutersthat
belongtootherautonomoussystems.TheASBRthenadvertisesexternalroutes
throughouttheautonomoussystem.ASBRscanbeinternalorareaborderrouters,and
theymightormightnotbeconnectedtothebackbone.
ASBR(oth)~Arouterthatexchangesroutinginformationwithroutersthatbelongtoother
autonomoussystems.TheASBRthenadvertisesexternalroutesthroughoutthe
autonomoussystem.ASBRscanbeinternalorareaborderrouters,andtheymightor
mightnotbeconnectedtothebackbone.
as-builtsoftware(n)~Adeliverable,consistingofsoftwarecomponents,thatistheresult
ofcompiling(building)therawcodefilesfromadiscretesetofsourceversions.
ascendingorder(n)~Thearrangementofasequenceofitemsfromlowesttohighest,
suchasfrom1to10orfromAtoZ.Therulesfordeterminingascendingorderina
particularapplicationcanbeverycomplicated:capitallettersbeforelowercaseletters,
extendedASCIIcharactersinASCIIorder,andsoon.
ASCII(n)~Astandardsingle-bytecharacterencodingschemeusedfortext-baseddata.
ASCIIusesdesignated7-bitor8-bitnumbercombinationstorepresenteither128or256
possiblecharacters.StandardASCIIuses7bitstorepresentalluppercaseandlowercase
letters,thenumbers0through9,punctuationmarks,andspecialcontrolcharactersusedin
U.S.English.Mostcurrentx86-basedsystemssupporttheuseofextended(orhigh’)
ASCII.ExtendedASCIIallowstheeighthbitofeachcharactertoidentifyanadditional
128specialsymbolcharacters
ASCIIapostrophe(n)~The‘character(user-typedtext).
ASCIIcharacterset(n)~Astandard7-bitcodeforrepresentingASCIIcharactersusing
binaryvalues;codevaluesrangefrom0to127.MostPC-basedsystemsusean8-bit
extendedASCIIcode,withanextra128charactersusedtorepresentspecialsymbols,
foreign-languagecharacters,andgraphicsymbols.
ASCIIfile(n)~AdocumentfileinASCIIformat,containingcharacters,spaces,
punctuation,carriagereturns,andsometimestabsandanend-of-filemarker,butno
formattinginformation.
ASF(n)~Alow-overheaddataformatformultimediastreams.Itencapsulatesimages,
audio,AVI,andsoforth,aswellasURLs,andallowsforthesynchronizationofthese
objectswithinthestream.WindowsMediaTechnologiescanstreamASFformatted
contentandcanstoreASFstreamsas.asffiles.
AsiaPacific(PN)~TheAsiaPacificgeowithintheAzureregiontaxonomy.
AskCortana(PN)~?Afeaturethatletscustomerslearnaboutunfamiliartermsonthe
webbyaskingCortana.
AskforRemoteAssistance…(oth)~AnitemontheActionsmenuthatinvitessomeone
tohelptheuser.UsinganInternetconnection,theusercangivepermissiontoanyone
runningWindowsXPtochat,viewtheuser’sscreen,andworkontheuser’scomputer.
ASM(PN)~Anadd-onmoduleforAntigen,usedtominimizethenumberofspame-mail
messagesthatentertheExchangeenvironments.
ASMXfile(n)~AfilethatrepresentstheaddressableentrypointforXMLWebservices
createdwithmanagedcode.WebserviceconsumersutilizethefunctionalityofaWeb
servicebyaccessingitsASMXfile.
ASN(n)~Abusinessdocumentthatdocumentsthenotificationoftheshipmentof
product.
ASP(n)~Anorganizationthatdeliversacontractualservicetodeploy,host,manage,and
provideaccesstoanapplicationfromafacilityotherthanthecustomer’ssite.
ASP(n)~AWeb-orientedtechnologydevelopedbyMicrosoftthatisdesignedtoenable
server-sidescripting.
ASPbuffering(n)~AfunctionalityofActiveServerPages(ASP)thattemporarilystores
alloutputthatisgeneratedbyascriptuntilscriptexecutioniscompleteandthensendsthe
outputtoaclient.
ASP.NET(PN)~AsetoftechnologiesintheMicrosoft.NETFrameworkforbuilding
WebapplicationsandXMLWebservices.ASP.NETpagesexecuteontheserverand
generatemarkup(suchasHTML,WML,orXML)thatissenttoadesktopormobile
browser.ASP.NETpagesuseacompiled,event-drivenprogrammingmodelthatimproves
performanceandenablestheseparationofapplicationlogicanduserinterface.ASP.NET
pagesandXMLWebservicesfilescreatedusingASP.NETcontainserver-side(ratherthan
client-side)logicwritteninVisualBasic.NET,C#.NET,orany.NET-compatible
language.WebapplicationsandXMLWebservicestakeadvantageofthefeaturesofthe
commonlanguageruntime,suchastypesafety,inheritance,languageinteroperability,
versioning,andintegratedsecurity.
ASP.NETapplicationservicesdatabase(n)~InASP.NET,adatabasethatstoresthedata
forseveralASP.NETapplicationservices,includingmembership,WebParts
personalization,roles,andprofiles.ThedatabasecanbealocaldatabaseintheWebsite’s
App_DatafolderoraSQLServerorotherdatabase,dependingonhowthesiteis
configured.
ASP.NETcontrols(n)~ComponentsthatrunonanASP.NET-compatibleserverand
encapsulateuser-interfaceandotherrelatedfunctionality.TheyareusedinASP.NET
pagesandinASP.NETcodeclasses.
ASP.NETDevelopmentServer(PN)~ThewebserverthatshipswithVisualStudio.
ASP.NETMasterPage(n)~AnASP.NET-basedtemplatingfeatureavailablein
ASP.NET2.0andlater.
ASP.NETmobilecontrol(n)~OneofasetofASP.NETcontrolsdesignedformobile
Webapplications.ASP.NETmobilecontrolsextendtheirASP.NETservercontrol
counterparts.
ASP.NETmobileWebForms(n)~AnextensiontotheASP.NETWebFormsframework
thattargetsmobiledevicesfromcellphonestoPocketPCs.
ASP.NETpage(n)~AcomponentofanASP.NETapplication.
ASP.NETservercontrol(n)~Aserver-sidecomponentthatencapsulatesuser-interface
andrelatedfunctionality.AnASP.NETservercontrolderivesdirectlyorindirectlyfrom
theSystem.Web.UI.Controlclass.ThesupersetofASP.NETservercontrolsincludesWeb
servercontrols,HTMLservercontrols,andASP.NETmobilecontrols.Thepagesyntax
foranASP.NETservercontrolincludesarunat=server’attributeonthecontrol’stag.’
ASP.NETUniversalProviders(PN)~Apackageofunifieddata-providerclassesthat
supportsession,membership,roles,andprofilepropertiesinallversionsofSQLServer
2005andlater,includingSQLServerCompactEditionandSQLAzure.
ASP.NETWebAPI(PN)~Aframeworkthatletsdevelopersusethe.NETFrameworkto
buildHTTPservices(forexample,RESTfulapplications)thatreachabroadrangeof
clients,includingbrowsersandmobiledevices.
ASP.NETWebapplication(n)~AnapplicationthatprocessesHTTPrequests(Web
requests)andexecutesontopASP.NET.AnASP.NETWebapplicationcaninclude
ASP.NETpages,XMLWebservices,HTTPhandlers,andHTTPmodules.
ASP.NETWebPages(PN)~AframeworkfordevelopingdynamicWebpagesthatis
basedonMicrosoftASP.NETtechnology,inwhichcodethatrunsontheserver
dynamicallygeneratesWebpageoutputtothebrowserorclientdevice.
aspect(n)~Awaytogroupeventsintoincidentgroups.Aspectsinclude:application
failures,connectivity,performance,andsecurityfailures.
aspect(n)~Thewidth-to-heightratioofavideoorstillimage,orofthescreenonwhich
animageisdisplayed.
aspectratio(n)~Thewidth-to-heightratioofavideoorstillimage,orofthescreenon
whichanimageisdisplayed.
aspectvalue(n)~Thex-heightofafontdividedbythefontsize.Theaspectvalue
indicatestherelativelegibilityofafontforagivenfontsize.Ahigheraspectratio
indicatesthatafontismorelegible.
ASPM(n)~Apower-savingmodewhichreservespowerbyensuringefficientexecution
ofcomputingtasksandbyreducingthenumberofcomponentsrunningunnecessarily
whennotactuallyinuse.
ASPX(n)~ThestandardfileformatusedforASPpageswrittenwithASP.NET.
ASR(n)~Technologythatallowsmachinestorecognizeandrespondtohumanvoice
commands.
ASR(n)~Afeaturethathelpsyourecoverasystemthatwillnotstart.
assemble(v)~Toputtogetherforsaleoruseanitemcomposedofcomponentparts.
assembler(n)~Apipelinecomponentthatcombinesindividualdocumentsintoabatch.
AssemblerpipelinecomponentsprovidedinBizTalkServerareFlatfileassembler,
BizTalkFrameworkAssembler,andXMLAssemblerpipelinecomponents.
assembler(n)~Aprogramthatconvertsassemblylanguageprograms,whichare
understandablebyhumans,intoexecutablemachinelanguage.
assembly(n)~Acollectionofoneormorefilesthatareversionedanddeployedasaunit.
assembly(n)~Theactofputtinganitemtogether.
assembly(n)~Amanagedapplicationmodulecontainingclassmetadataandmanaged
codeasanobjectinSQLServer,againstwhichCLRfunctions,storedprocedures,
triggers,user-definedaggregates,anduser-definedtypescanbecreatedinSQLServer.
assemblycache(n)~Amachine-widecodecacheusedforside-by-sidestorageof
assemblies.Therearetwopartstothecache:theglobalassemblycachecontains
assembliesthatareexplicitlyinstalledtobesharedamongmanyapplicationsonthe
computer;thedownloadcachestorescodedownloadedfromInternetorintranetsites,
isolatedtotheapplicationthattriggeredthedownloadsothatcodedownloadedonbehalf
ofoneapplication/pagedoesnotimpactotherapplications.
assemblyfile(n)~Afilethatispartonanassembly.
assemblyitem(n)~Agroupofinventoriableitemstobesoldasanewitem.
assemblylist(n)~Acontentofakititemthatmayconsistofoneormorecomponents
(thatarerawmaterials,regularsellableitems,orkititems),resources,andtextcomments.
assemblymanagement(n)~Afeaturetomanagethecreationofsellableitemsfromother
sellableitemsusingnonproductionresources.
assemblymanifest(n)~Anintegralpartofeveryassemblythatrenderstheassemblyselfdescribing.Theassemblymanifestcontainstheassembly’smetadata.Themanifest
establishestheassemblyidentity,specifiesthefilesthatmakeuptheassembly
implementation,specifiesthetypesandresourcesthatmakeuptheassembly,itemizesthe
compile-timedependenciesonotherassemblies,andspecifiesthesetofpermissions
requiredfortheassemblytorunproperly.Thisinformationisusedatruntimetoresolve
references,enforceversionbindingpolicy,andvalidatetheintegrityofloadedassemblies.
Theself-describingnatureofassembliesalsohelpsmakeszero-impactinstallandXCOPY
deploymentfeasible.
assemblymetadata(n)~Metadatathatispartoftheassemblymanifest.
assemblyorder(n)~Asupplyorderthatrepresentsarequesttofulfilldemandforan
assemblyitembypickingitemsontheassemblyBOMormodifiedontheorderand
assemblingthem.
assembly-qualifiedname(n)~Thenameofatypethatincludesthenameoftheassembly
fromwhichthetypewasloaded.
assembly-qualifiedtypename(n)~Thenameofatypethatincludesthenameofthe
assemblyfromwhichthetypewasloaded.
assertstatement(n)~ABooleanstatementusedinaprogramtotestaconditionthat,if
theprogramisoperatingcorrectly,shouldalwaysevaluateastrue;otherwisetheprogram
willtypicallyterminatewithanappropriateerrormessage.Assertionsareusedfor
debuggingprogramsandfordocumentinghowaprogramshouldoperate.
assertionfailure(n)~Theinabilityofaconditiontoholdtrueatsomeparticularpointina
program.Whenaconditiondoesnotholdtrue,executionoftheprogramisinterrupted,
andadialogboxormessagemayappear.
assertionstatement(n)~ABooleanstatementusedinaprogramtotestaconditionthat,
iftheprogramisoperatingcorrectly,shouldalwaysevaluateastrue;otherwisethe
programwilltypicallyterminatewithanappropriateerrormessage.Assertionsareused
fordebuggingprogramsandfordocumentinghowaprogramshouldoperate.
assess(v)~ToevaluateaWindowscomputerbyusingtheWindowsAssessmentToolkit
thatisincludedintheWindowsAssessmentandDeploymentKit(ADK).
assessment(n)~Collectionofbinaries,scripts,configurationparameters,andmanifest
filesusedtoperformmeasurementsonacomputerorWindowsimageandtoreport
results.
assessmentmanifest(n)~TheXMLfilethatdescribesthecontentandfunctionofan
assessmentforusewiththeAssessmentPlatform.
AssessmentPlatform(PN)~Aplatformthatdeveloperscanusetowriteandmanage
systemandcomponenttests.AssessmentPlatformprovidesaunifiedtestingexperience
andstandardizedinfrastructuretodiscover,manage,configure,andexecutetargetedtests;
view,analyze,andremediateresults;anddevelopadditionaltests.
assessmentsetting(n)~Asettingthattheusercaneditinajob,butthattheassessment
manifestdoesnotretaininitsparameters.
AssessmentToolkit(PN)~Atoolkitthathelpsyoudeterminethequalityofarunning
operatingsystemorasetofcomponentswithregardtoperformance,reliabilityand
functionality.Thetoolkitincludesseveralassessmentsandprovidesthetoolsneededto
runassessmentsonalocalcomputeroronmultiplecomputers,andreviewtheresultsof
theassessmentstodiagnoseproblemsanddeterminehowtomakeimprovements.
asset(n)~Anythingownedorcontrolledbyabusiness,tangibleorintangible,thathas
monetaryvalueandwasacquiredatameasurablecost.
asset(n)~Theabstractorconcreteresourcesthatasystemmustprotectfrommisusebyan
adversary.
asset(n)~Anentitythatcanbeaddedtoyourproject,suchasanimagefile,soundfile,
moviefile,markupfile,codefile,fontfile,3Dobject,control,styleresource,template
resource,brushresource,andsoon.
asset(n)~Anaccountingclassifierusedtoclassifythevalueofeconomicresourcesthat
areownedbyaparty.
asset(n)~Aunitofmediaprogramming,suchasatelevisionprogram,amovie,ora
digitalmusictrack,thataredeliveredtoasubscriberinexchangeforon-demandfeesor
subscriptionfees.Assetsareusuallyfilesthatarestoredonamediaserver.
Asset(n)~AspecificinstanceofaProductthatistrackedbyauniqueidentification
number(SerialNumber).
asset(n)~Anentitycontainsdigitalfiles(includingvideo,audio,images,thumbnail
collections,texttracksandclosedcaptionfiles)andthemetadataaboutthesefiles.
assetbook(n)~Accountingrecords(ledgersorjournals)foraspecificreportingpurpose,
suchasfinancialortaxes.
assetgroup(n)~Acollectionofassetsthatshareoneormorespecificcharacteristics.
AssetIntelligence(PN)~AConfigurationManagerfeaturethatallowsadministratorsto
inventoryandmanagesoftwarelicenseusagethroughouttheirenterprise.
AssetIntelligencecatalog(n)~AConfigurationManagercatalogthatcontains
categorizationandidentificationinformationforsoftwaretitlesandversions,whichis
usedtoclassifyinventoriedsoftware.
AssetIntelligenceKnowledgeBase(PN)~ApartoftheAssetIntelligencefeaturethatis
usedtoproducenewreportsthatidentifyandcategorizedeployedhardwareandsoftware
assets.
AssetIntelligencesynchronizationpoint(n)~AConfigurationManagersitesystemrole
thatconnectstoSystemCenterOnlinetodownloadAssetIntelligencecataloginformation
anduploaduncategorizedtitlessothattheycanbeconsideredforfutureinclusioninthe
catalog.
AssetInventoryService(PN)~AWeb-basedservicethatcollectsanddisplays
informationaboutanenterprise’sdesktopsoftwareenvironment.AIScollectsinformation
aboutprogramsinstalledoncomputersintheenterprisethathavetheAISclientsoftware
installed.AISispartoftheMicrosoftDesktopOptimizationPack(MDOP)forSoftware
Assurance.
AssetLibrary(PN)~Alibrarythatprovidecontenttypeswithcommonproperties,and
enhancedviewstofindandpreviewrichmedia,alsocalleddigitalassets.
assetlibrary(n)~Alibrarythatprovidecontenttypeswithcommonproperties,and
enhancedviewstofindandpreviewrichmedia,alsocalleddigitalassets.
AssetManager(n)~Asecurityrolethatgrantspermissionstoadministrativeuserssothat
theycanmanagetheAssetIntelligencesynchronizationpoint,AssetIntelligencereporting
classes,softwareinventory,hardwareinventory,andmeteringrules.
assign(v)~Tofixorspecifyincorrespondenceorrelationship.
assign(v)~Tospecifytheownerofarecord,suchasanaccountorcase,oranactivity,
suchasane-mailmessageorphonecall.Userscanassigncasesandactivitiestoeithera
useroraqueue.
assign(v)~Totieaconfigurationobjecttoaresource;forexample,onewouldassign
customsettingtoacollection,assignaconfigurationbaselinetoacollection,orassigna
clienttoasite.
assign(v)~Todesignateanobjectforaparticularuseorpurpose.
Assigned(adj)~Anassignmenttypemeaningthattheuserorgrouphasbeengranted
accessatthenodeintheresourcehierarchythattheuserislookingat(suchasata
particularwebsiteorresourcegroup).
assignedaccess(PN)~Afeaturethatallowsasystemadministratortomanagetheuser’s
experiencebylimitingapplicationentrypointsexposedtotheuserofthedevice.
AssignedAt(adj)~Thenodeintheresourcehierarchywhereaccesswasgranted.
assignedconfiguration(n)~Theresourcescontainedinthedevicenodethatareallocated
forthedevice.ForPlugandPlaycards,theassignedresourcesforadevicecanchange
dynamicallyorfromonesystemstart-uptothenext.
assignedmanagementpoint(n)~Thedefaultmanagementpointattheassignedprimary
sitefortheConfigurationManagerclient.
assignedprogram(n)~Aprogramthathasbeenadvertisedtoacollectionandis
mandatorytorun.
assignedsite(n)~AsitetowhichaConfigurationManagerclientiscurrentlyassigned.
assignedtask(n)~Ataskthathasbeensenttosomeoneasataskrequestinane-mail
message.Whenyouassignatask,yougiveupownershipofit(unlesstheassignee
declinesit).Theassignercanreceivestatusreportsforthetask.
AssignedTo(adj)~Theprincipal(userorgroup)towhomaccesshasbeenassigned.
assigneduser(n)~Auser,whocaninherittheaccesspermissionsofacertainrole,after
performingallnecessarilyauthNZactivities.
assignment(n)~Aprocess-relatedtaskthatisdelegatedtoaparticularuser.
assignment(n)~Aunitofworkthatastudentisexpectedtocomplete.
assignment(n)~Adesignationthatformsanassociationamongobjects.
assignmentaction(n)~AnactionthatausercanperformonanassignmentintheAdd-in
forExcel,suchasSubmitDraft,SubmitFinal,orApprove.
assignmentdelay(n)~Theamountoftimebetweenthescheduledstartofataskandthe
timethattheassignedresourceistostartworkingonthetask.
assignmentowner(n)~Anenterpriseresourcewhoisresponsibleforenteringprogress
informationinProjectWebAccess.Thispersoncanbedifferentthanthepersoninitially
assignedtothetask.
assignmentpane(n)~InPerformancePointAdd-inforExcel,thepanethatisusedto
openassignments,viewassignmentdetails,andaccessprocessschedulingactionssuchas
saveandsubmit.
assignmentstatement(n)~Aprogramminglanguagestatementusedtoassignavalueto
avariable.Itusuallyconsistsofthreeelements:anexpressiontobeassigned,an
assignmentoperator(typicallyasymbolsuchas=or:=),andadestinationvariable.On
executionoftheassignmentstatement,theexpressionisevaluatedandtheresultingvalue
isstoredinthespecifieddestination.
assignmentunits(n)~Thepercentageofaworkresource’stime,orunits,thatthe
resourceisassignedtoatask.
assignmentview(n)~Aviewthatshowstheresourcesassignedtoeachtaskaswellasthe
totalandtimephasedworkandcostinformationforeachassignment.Thetwoassignment
viewsaretheTaskUsageandResourceUsageviews.
Assignments(PN)~AWebPartthatdisplaysalistofrelevantassignments.Foreducators,
thelistincludesactiveassignmentsforwhichgradeshavenotyetbeenposted.For
students,thelistincludesupcomingassignmentsandtheirduedates.
Assistantobject(n)~TheAssistantisthesharedMicrosoftOfficeAssistantobject.Itisa
fullyprogrammableobject.
assistantshape(n)~Inanorganizationchart,ashapethatisplacedbelowandconnected
toanyothershapewithanelbowconnector.Thisshapeisplacedaboveanyadditional
subordinateshapesfortheparticularsuperiorshapeitisattachedto.
assistedservice(n)~Aserviceforwhichanemployeerequiresassistancefromanother
person,suchasacallcenter.
assistivetechnology(n)~Technologythatprovidesenhancementstoothertechnologyso
thatpeoplewithdisabilitiescanuseit.
AssistiveTechnologyProgram(n)~Aservicethatprovidesrecommendationsfor
technologythatcanhelppeoplewithdisabilities.
associate(v)~Tolinkadocument,file,task,orlinkwithaToDo.
associate(v)~Toconnectpeerobjects.
Associateadifferentdocument(v)~Anoptionthatallowstheusertoreplacethe
documentcurrentlyattachedtotheToDowithanotherdocumentthathasalreadybeen
saved.
AssociateadifferentWebsitelink(v)~Anoptionthatallowstheusertoreplacethe
WeblinkattachedtotheToDowithadifferentweblink.
AssociateadifferentWorkstask(v)~Anoptionthatallowstheusertochangethe
documentassociatedwiththeactiveToDobyselectingadifferentWorkstemplateto
serveasthebasisforanewassociateditem.
Associateadocument(v)~Anoptionthatallowstheusertoassociateanexisting
documentwithaProjectToDo.
AssociateaWeblink(oth)~AnoptionthatallowstheusertoassociateaWebsitelink
withaProjectToDo.
AssociateaWorkstask(v)~AnoptionthatallowstheusertoassociateaWorkstask
withaProjectToDo.
AssociateChildCases(PN)~Anoptiononthecommandbarwhereyoucanselectcases,
andthenspecifywhichcasewillbetheparentcasetotheothercasesyouselected.
associateenterprise(n)~Anenterprisethatisdirectlyorindirectlyinvolvedinthe
managementorcontrolofanotherenterprise.
AssociatetoContact(oth)~Inaconference,thiscommandassociatesaparticipantor
phonenumberwithacontactontheuser’scontactlist.
associateditem(n)~Adocument,file,task,orlinkthathasbeenassociatedwithaToDo.
associatedPivotTablereport(n)~ThePivotTablereportthatsuppliesthesourcedatato
thePivotChartreport.ItiscreatedautomaticallywhenyoucreateanewPivotChartreport.
Whenyouchangethelayoutofeitherreport,theotheralsochanges.
associatedview(n)~Theviewofanentitythatisdisplayedintheformsofotherentities.
association(n)~Themappingofafileextension(forexample,.mp3)orprotocol(for
example,http)toaprogrammaticidentifier(ProgID).Thismappingisstoredinthe
registryasaper-usersettingwithaper-computerfallback.Applicationsthatparticipatein
theDefaultProgramssystemsettheassociationmappingforthefileextensionorprotocol
topointtotheProgIDkeysthattheyown.
association(n)~InPerformancePointPlanningBusinessModeler,therelationship
betweenasourcemodelandadestinationmodelforthepurposeofmanipulatingthe
arrangementofinterpretivedataandaggregatingthecorrespondingnumerical
measurements.
association(n)~Thedefinitionofarelationshipbetweenentitytypes.
association(n)~Thelinkbetweenacollectionandadeployment.
association(n)~Arelationshipbetweenpeerobjects.
associationarray(n)~Anorderedlistofregistrylocationsusedtostoreinformation
aboutanitemtype,includinghandlers,verbs,andotherattributesliketheiconanddisplay
nameofthetype.
associationclass(n)~Aclassthatdescribesarelationshipbetweentwoclassesor
betweeninstancesoftwoclasses.Thepropertiesofanassociationclassincludepointers,
orreferences,tothetwoclassesorinstances.
associationend(n)~Theendofabinaryorotherassociationwhereitconnectstoaclass.
Byassociatingpropertieswithanassociationend,youcanindicatetheroleordirection.
AssociationFrançaisedeNormalisation(n)~TheFrenchsubsidiaryofthe
InternationalStandardsOrganization(ISO).
AssociationFrançaisedeNormalisationcertification(n)~Acertificationthat
accountingsoftwareislegallycompliantwithFrenchlegislationforelectronicaccounting.
associationline(n)~Alineleadingfromafieldorpropertytoashapethatrepresentsthat
fieldorproperty’stype.
associationset(n)~Alogicalcontainerforinstancesofassociationsofthesametype.
AssociationRole(n)~Atypeofcollaborationrolethatdescribestherelationshipbetween
twoClassifierRoles.Itisrepresentedbyapathbetweentwoclassroleelementsandcan
includetheunderlinednameofthecorrespondingassociation.
associativearray(n)~Adatastructurethatcarriesoutamathematicalcalculationona
fieldidentifiertodeterminewhereadataelementinalargetableorindexislocated.
associativearray(n)~Anarraycomposedofacollectionofkeysandacollectionof
values,whereeachkeyisassociatedwithonevalue.Thekeysandvaluescanbeofany
type.
assumption(n)~Baselinedatathatapplythroughoutabusinessortoafinancialmodel.
AssuredForwarding(PN)~Aclassforthedeliveryofvideomediastreams.
ASTA(n)~Asingle-threadedapartmentthethreadofwhichisthecoreUIthreadforan
applicationwindow.
asterisk(n)~The*character.Indicatesmultiplicationinprogramminglanguagesandalso
servesasawildcardcharacterrepresentingoneormorecharacters.
ASTERISK(n)~The*character.Indicatesmultiplicationinprogramminglanguagesand
alsoservesasawildcardcharacterrepresentingoneormorecharacters.
ASX(n)~Aformatthatiscommonlyusedtodeliverdigitalmediatoclients(Windows
MediaPlayerandSilverlight).
asymmetricalgorithm(n)~Anasymmetriccipherthatusestwokeys,oneforencryption,
thepublickey,andtheotherfordecryption,theprivatekey.Asimpliedbythekeynames,
thepublickeyusedtoencodeplaintextcanbemadeavailabletoanyone.However,the
privatekeymustremainsecret.Onlytheprivatekeycandecrypttheciphertext.The
publickeyalgorithmusedinthisprocessisslow(ontheorderof1,000timesslowerthan
symmetricalgorithms),andistypicallyusedtoencryptsessionkeysordigitallysigna
message.
asymmetricencryption(n)~Amethodofencryptionthatusesapairofmathematically
relatedkeys:apublickeyandacorrespondingprivatekey.Eitherkeycanbeusedto
encryptdata,butthecorrespondingkeymustbeusedtodecryptit.
asymmetrickeyalgorithm(n)~Amethodofencryptionthatusesapairof
mathematicallyrelatedkeys:apublickeyandacorrespondingprivatekey.Eitherkeycan
beusedtoencryptdata,butthecorrespondingkeymustbeusedtodecryptit.
asynchronous(adj)~Pertainingto,being,orcharacteristicofsomethingthatisnot
dependentontiming.Eachapplicationorcommandrunsinthespecifiedorder,butthe
specifieditemdoesnotwaitforanypreviouslystartedprocessestofinishbeforean
applicationorcommandruns.
asynchronousagent(n)~Ataskthatfollowstheactorpatternandusesanasynchronous
messagequeuetocommunicatewithothersimilartasks.Agentsletyoutakeadvantageof
coarse-grainedtaskparallelisminyourapplications.
asynchronouscall(n)~Amethodcallthatreturnstothecallerimmediatelyregardlessof
whetherprocessinghascompleted.Theresultsofprocessingarereturnedthroughanother
callonanotherthread.Asynchronousmethodsfreethecallerfromhavingtowaituntil
processinghasfinished.
asynchronouscommunication(n)~Aformofdatatransmissioninwhichinformationis
sentandreceivedatirregularintervals,onecharacteratatime.Becausedataisreceivedat
irregularintervals,thereceivingmodemmustbesignaledtoletitknowwhenthedatabits
ofacharacterbeginandend.Thisisdonebymeansofstartandstopbits.
asynchronouscommunicationlayer(n)~ThelayerofAJAXfunctionalitythattakescare
ofcommunicationbetweenthebrowserandtheserver.
asynchronousdataexchange(n)~Astyleofprocessingwhereanapplicationpostsa
requestforaneventtooccurandthencontinueswithoutwaitingfortheevent.Aseparate
servicewillrecognizetherequestandtakeresponsibilityforensuringthattheevent
occurs.
asynchronousdevice(n)~Adevicewhoseinternaloperationsarenotsynchronizedwith
thetimingofanyotherpartofthesystem.
asynchronousevent(n)~Aneventwhosehandlerrunsinadifferentprocessingthread
fromtheactionthatraisedtheevent.Theeventhandlerandtheactionareprocessed
simultaneously.
AsynchronousJavaScriptAndXML(PN)~Asetoftechnologiesconsistingofaclientsidescriptframework,servercontrols,andmore.
asynchronousmethodcall(n)~Amethodcallthatreturnstothecallerimmediately
regardlessofwhetherprocessinghascompleted.Theresultsofprocessingarereturned
throughanothercallonanotherthread.Asynchronousmethodsfreethecallerfromhaving
towaituntilprocessinghasfinished.
asynchronousoperation(n)~Aprocesswhoseexecutioncanproceedindependentlyor
inthebackground.Otherprocessesmaybestartedbeforetheasynchronousprocesshas
finished.
asynchronouspattern(n)~Acoretechnologyinthe.NETFrameworkwhichprovidesan
efficientmodeltomanageasynchronousoperationsandaconsistentprogrammingmodel.
asynchronouspostback(n)~InASP.NET,theprocessofsendingWebpagedata(plus
viewstateandothernecessarymetadata)fromthebrowsertotheserverwithoutacomplete
postbackandwithoutblockingtheuserfromcontinuingtoworkinthepage.
AsynchronouspostbacksareanimportantfeatureofAJAXtechnology.
asynchronousprocedurecall(n)~Afunctioncallthatexecutesseparatelyfroman
executingprogramwhenasetofenablingconditionsexist.Aftertheconditionshavebeen
met,theoperatingsystem’skernelissuesasoftwareinterruptanddirectstheexecuting
programtoexecutethecall.
asynchronoustransfermode(n)~Ahigh-speed,connection-oriented,virtualcircuitbasedpacketswitchingprotocolusedtotransportmanydifferenttypesofnetworktraffic.
ATMpackagesdatain53-byte,fixed-lengthcellsthatcanbeswitchedquicklybetween
logicalconnectionsonanetwork.
AtLeastNMatches(oth)~AmenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchforanypatternA
thatisrepresentinpatternBatleastntimes.Patternscouldbestrings,characters,etc.
AtMostNMatches(oth)~AmenuitemthatallowstheusertosearchforanypatternA
thatisrepresentinpatternBatmostntimes.Patternscouldbestrings,characters,etc.
atsign(n)~TheseparatorbetweenaccountnamesanddomainnamesinInternete-mail
addresses.
Athlon(PN)~Familyofx86-compatibleprocessorsintroducedbyAdvancedMicro
Devices,Inc.(AMD)in1999.Athlon,whichwascode-namedAMD-K7,isasuccessorto
theAMD-K6family.Comparabletoupper-endIntelPentiumIIIprocessorsin
performance,Athlonisdistinguishedbyover22milliontransistors;afullypipelined,
superscalarfloating-pointengine,whichenhancesperformanceofgraphicsand
multimediaprograms,Internetstreamingapplications,andgames;a200-MHzsystembus;
anda128-KBL1cache.AlthoughtheL2cacheis512KBinsize,theAthloncansupport
L2cachesizesupto8MB.ThefirstAthlonreleasesfeaturedclockspeedsof500to650
MHz;800-MHzandfasterversionsarenowavailable.Athlon,whichruns32-bit
programs,iscompatiblewithmostPCoperatingsystems,includingMicrosoftWindows,
Linux,OS/2Warp,andNetWare.
ATL(n)~Asetofcompact,template-basedC++classesthatsimplifytheprogrammingof
ComponentObjectModelobjects.ATLprovidesthemechanismtouseandcreateCOM
objects.
ATLPipelineComponentWizard(n)~AVisualC++wizardthatusesATLand
additionaltemplatestofacilitatethedevelopmentofpipelinecomponents.
ATLserver(n)~AserverthathousesanActiveTemplateLibrary.
ATM(n)~Ahigh-speed,connection-oriented,virtualcircuit-basedpacketswitching
protocolusedtotransportmanydifferenttypesofnetworktraffic.ATMpackagesdatain
53-byte,fixed-lengthcellsthatcanbeswitchedquicklybetweenlogicalconnectionsona
network.
ATM(n)~Aspecial-purposeterminalthatbankcustomerscanusetomakedeposits,
obtaincash,andperformothertransactions.
ATMadaptationlayer(n)~Thelayeroftheasynchronoustransfermode(ATM)protocol
stackthatparsesdataintothepayloadportionoftheATMcellfortransportacrossan
ATMnetwork.
Atom(PN)~AWebcontentandmetadatasyndicationformatbasedonXMLthat
describesfeeds.
atom(n)~A16-bitintegerthatprovidesaccesstoastringthathasbeenplacedinanatom
tablebyanapplication.
atomfeed(n)~AnXMLstructurethatcontainsmetadataaboutcontent,suchasthe
languageversionandthedatewhenthecontentwaslastmodified,andissentto
subscribersbyusingtheAtomPublishingProtocol(AtomPub).
atomname(n)~Astringthathasbeenplacedinanatomtable.
atomtable(n)~Asystem-definedtablethatstoresstringsandcorrespondingidentifiers.
atomic(adj)~Pertainingtoanoperationwhereallthetransactiondatamodificationsmust
beperformed;eitherallofthetransactiondatamodificationsareperformedornoneare
performed.
atomic(adj)~Pertainingtoathreadingormultiprocessingoperationthatisperformedina
single,uninterruptablestep.Operationsthatareatomicdonotrequireathreading
synchronizationdevicesuchasacriticalsection,mutex,orsemaphore.
atomicorchestration(n)~Ashort-livedtransactionthatenforcesthecommitandrollback
semanticsofanACID(Atomicity,Consistency,IsolationandDurability)transaction
similartoaCOM+applicationthatusestheDTCservice.
atomicity(n)~Afeatureofatransactionthatindicatesthateitherallactionsofthe
transactionhappenornonehappens.
atomicity,consistency,isolation,durability(n)~Thefouressentialpropertiesofan
electronictransaction.Atomicityrequiresthatatransactionbefullycompletedorelse
fullycanceled.Consistencyrequiresthatresourcesusedaretransformedfromone
consistentstatetoanother.Isolationrequiresalltransactionstobeindependentofeach
other.Durabilityrequiresthatthecompletedtransactionbepermanent,includingsurvival
throughsystemfailure.
ATP(adj)~Theportionofinventorythatisnotallocatedandwhichcanbeusedtofulfill
newordersandrequirements.
ATRstring(n)~Asequenceofbytesreturnedfromasmartcardwhenitisturnedon.
Thesebytesareusedtoidentifythecardtothesystem.
attach(v)~Toincludeanexternaldocument,afile,oranexecutableprogramwithanemailmessage.
attach(v)~Toexposeavirtualdisktotheuser,backedbyafile.
attached(adj)~Pertainingtobeingphysicallyconnectedtoasystem.Adevicecanbe
installedwithoutbeingattached.
attacheddocument(n)~AnASCIItextfileorabinaryfile,suchasadocumentcreated
inawordprocessingsystem,thatisincludedwithane-mailmessageasanattachment.
attachedevent(n)~AroutedeventthatcanbeattachedtoanyContentElementor
UIElementtypeandthatisnotlimitedtothetypewhichdefinesit.
attachedproperty(n)~ApropertythatisdefinedbyXAML.Anattachedpropertycanbe
setonanyobject,notjustonthetypethatdefinesthepropertyoritsaccessors.The
attachedpropertyprovidermustprovidestaticGet(PropertyName)and
Set(PropertyName)methodsasaccessorsfortheseattachedproperties.
attachment(n)~Anexternalfileincludedwithane-mailmessage.
Attachment(n)~Adatatypethatwillprovidesupportforstoringbinaryfileswithinan
Accessdatabase.MoresimilartotheSharePointconceptofattachmentsthanthecurrent
OLEobjectfieldsinAccess.Thedatawillbestoredasarawblobwithinthedatabase.
Attachment~Afilesentby-email-is‘attached’totheemail.Anattachmentcanbea
picture,adocument,aprogramoranyothertypeoffile.Youshouldneveropenan
attachmentifyouarenotsurewhatitis,becausesome-viruses-propagateasemail
attachments;buttheycan’tinfectyourmachineifyoudon’topentheattachment.
attachmentlink(n)~ATeamFoundationlinkbetweenaworkitemandafileattachment.
AttachmentPreviewer(n)~Anapplicationthatisusedtoopenanattachmentfor
AttachmentPreviewing.
AttachmentPreviewing(n)~AfeaturethatallowsuserstoseeandinteractwithE-mail
messagesandtheirattachmentssidebysideinthereadingpane.
AttachmentReminder(n)~Afeaturethatalertstheuserbeforeanemailmessageissent
ifitdetectsthatanattachmentmayhavebeenomittedfromthemessage.
attachmenttable(n)~ATableobjectwhoserowsrepresenttheAttachmentobjectsthat
areattachedtoaMessageobject.
attendantconsole(n)~Aconsoleforcallhandling.
attendee(n)~Ameetingparticipantwhocannotinitiatedesktoporapplicationsharingor
presenting.Attendeepermissionsarecontrolledbytheorganizerandpresenters.
attendeekey(n)~Ameetingkeythatisusedbyattendeestojoinameeting.
attendeepermissions(n)~Permissionsthatcontrolhowattendeescanparticipateinthe
meetingandthatonlypresenterscanchange.
Attendee/RecipientList(PN)~Aspecialcontrolthatshowspictures,namesandtitlesof
peoplewhoareattendingameeting,orwhoaretherecipientsofane-mailmessage.
Attendeespane(n)~AclientelementthatdisplaysthelistofparticipantsforaLive
Meetingsession.
attention(n)~Textthatalertsausertoanoteorawarning.
attenuation(n)~Theweakeningofatransmittedsignal,suchasthedistortionofadigital
signalorthereductioninamplitudeofanelectricalsignal.Attenuationisusually
measuredindecibelsandissometimesdesirable,aswhensignalstrengthisreduced
electronically,forexample,byaradiovolumecontrol,topreventoverloading.
attenuation(n)~Theweakeningofatransmittedsignal,suchasthereductioninthe
brightnessoflight,asittravelsfartherfromitssource.
attestation(n)~Theprocessofverifyingthatacomputerisreallythecomputeritclaims
tobe,andisrunningthesoftwareitclaimstoberunning.
attestationidentitykey(n)~Thecryptographicrepresentationofthehardwareor
softwarestateandotherintegritymetrics,andwhichcanbeusedtoperformanonymousor
pseudo-anonymousattestationstoremotepartiesinmultipartytransactions.
attorney-clientprivilege(n)~Alegaldoctrinethatisintendedtoprotectthe
confidentialityofcommunicationsbetweenanattorneyandhisorherclient.The
underlyingrationaleisthatbyassuringconfidentialcommunications,lawyersandtheir
clientswillfeelfreetodiscusssensitivelegalmattersthoroughly.
attractapplication(n)~AnapplicationthatappearswhenaSurfaceunitentersAttract
Mode.Anattractapplicationissimilartoascreensaverthatistouch-sensitive.Bydefault,
SurfaceunitsincludetheWaterattractapplication.
AttractMode(PN)~ThemodethataSurfaceunitenterswhentheunitisnotbeingused.
AttractModeisdesignedtoattractuserstotheunit,enticethemtointeractwiththeunit,
andthenaccessLauncherthroughtheaccesspoints.
attribute(n)~Inscreendisplays,anelementofadditionalinformationstoredwitheach
characterinthevideobufferofavideoadapterrunningincharactermode.Suchattributes
controlthebackgroundandforegroundcolorsofthecharacter,underlining,andblinking.
attribute(n)~Acharacteristicofanobject.
attribute(n)~Thenameorstructureofafieldinadatabaseentity.Forexample,the
LASTNAME,FIRSTNAME,andPHONEareattributesofeachrecordinaPhoneList
entity.Thesizeofafieldandthetypeofinformationitcontainsarealsoattributesofa
databaserecord.
attribute(n)~Forfiles,informationthatindicateswhetherafileisread-only,hidden,
readyforarchiving(backingup),compressed,orencrypted,andwhetherthefilecontents
shouldbeindexedforfastfilesearching.
attribute(n)~Asinglecharacteristicoradditionalpieceofinformation(financialornonfinancial)thatexistsinadatabase.
attribute(n)~InmarkuplanguagessuchasSGML,HTML,andXML,aname-valuepair
withinataggedelementthatdescribesdataortheformattingorpropertiesofdata
associatedwiththatelement.
attribute(n)~Adescriptivedeclarationthatcanbeappliedtoprogrammingelementssuch
astypes,fields,methods,andproperties.
attribute(n)~Inacomputingsystem,aninherentcharacteristicofthehardwareand
softwareofaWindowscomputer.Suchcharacteristicscanbeenumerated,butdonotneed
tobemeasured.Examplesarememory(RAM)andstoragesize.
attributecategory(n)~Aclassificationofdimensionvaluesthatisusedtosummarize
transactiondata.
attributeclass(n)~Acontainerobjectthatgroupsrelatedattributeswithinanobjecttype.
attributecollection(n)~Thesumofattributesgatheredduringtheattributediscovery
process.
attributedefinitiontable(n)~Atableofattributenames,numbersanddescriptions.
attributediscovery(n)~Aprocessthroughwhichtheattributes,suchastheoperating
system,ofacomputeraregathered.
AttributeDropper(PN)~Atoolthatletsyoucopythefill,stroke,andeffectattributes
fromoneobjectonthepagetoanother.
attributefield(n)~Afieldinthedatasourcethatcancontaindataandthatisanattribute,
insteadofanelement.Attributefieldscannotcontainotherfields.
attributefilter(n)~Inacolumndefinition,thelistofattributesthatlimitthedatathatis
availableforareport.
attributeflow(n)~Anauthoritativesourceforanattributevaluethatcanflowitsvalueto
otherdestinationdirectoriesandsystems.
Attributeflows(n)~Amappingofanattributeinonedirectorytoanattributeinanother
directorysothatvaluesoftheattributeinthefirstdirectorycanflowtovaluesofthe
attributeintheother.
attributehierarchy(n)~Aflathierarchy(typicallyhavinganAlllevelandamember
level)containingasingleattribute.Itiscreatedfromonecolumninadimensiontable,if
supportedbythecube.
attributeinstance(n)~Anoccurrenceofanattributethatisdefinedintheschema.
attributerelationship(n)~Thehierarchyassociatedwithanattributecontainingasingle
levelbasedonthecorrespondingcolumninadimensiontable.
attributetype(n)~Thetypeofinformationcontainedbyanattribute,suchasquartersor
monthsinatimedimension,whichmayenablespecifictreatmentbytheserverandclient
applications.
attributevalue(n)~Thevalueofanobjectortextfeatureausercanmanipulatebyusing
drawingtoolsandmenucommands.
AUEast(PN)~TheAustraliaEastregionwithintheAzureregiontaxonomy.
AUD(n)~TheofficialcurrencyofAustralia.
audience(n)~Acustomgroupusedtotargetcontenttopeoplebasedonmembership
withinthegroup.
audience(n)~FacebookusersotherthantheFacebookpageaccount.Theseareusersthat
interactwithaFacebookpagebycommentingonpoststhataremadebytheFacebook
pageaccount,bycommentingonanotherotheruser’spostonaFacebookpage,and
postingonaFacebookpage.
AudienceActivity(PN)~ThenumberofcommentsandpostsmadebyFacebookuserson
Facebookpages.
audiencecompilation(n)~Theprocessofevaluatingasetofuserprofileentitieswithan
audienceruletodeterminewhichuserprofileentitiesaremembersoftheaudience.
audienceidentifier(n)~AGUIDorstringthatisusedtouniquelyidentifyanaudience.
audiencerule(n)~Asetoflogicalconditionsthatdeterminewhetherauserprofilecanbe
amemberofanaudience.
audio(adj)~Relatingtofrequencieswithintherangeofperceptionbythehumanearfromabout15to20,000hertz(cyclespersecond).
audio(n)~Soundwithintherangeofperceptionbythehumanear—fromabout15to
20,000hertz(cyclespersecond).
audio(n)~Afilecontainingdigitizedaudio,suchasvoiceormusic.
AudioandVideoTuningWizard…(n)~AnitemontheToolsmenu(inaConversation
window)orActionsmenu(inthemainCommunicatorwindow)thatrunsawizardthat
helpstheuserverifythatthecamera,speakers,andmicrophoneareworkingproperlyon
theuser’scomputer.
audioboard(n)~AtypeofexpansionboardonPC-compatiblecomputersthatallowsthe
playbackandrecordingofsound,suchasfromaWAVorMIDIfileoramusicCD-ROM.
MostPCssoldatretailincludeasoundcard.
audiobook(n)~Abookthathasbeenreadandrecordedoncassettetape,CDordigital
format.
audiocall(n)~Acallfortransmittingaudiodata,includingbutnotlimitedtospeech.
audiocall(n)~ASkypecallwhereonlyaudioisused(withoutvideo).
audiocard(n)~AtypeofexpansionboardonPC-compatiblecomputersthatallowsthe
playbackandrecordingofsound,suchasfromaWAVorMIDIfileoramusicCD-ROM.
MostPCssoldatretailincludeasoundcard.
audioCD(n)~Acompactdisccontainingaudioinformation(asopposedtoaCD-ROM
containingdataandfiles).
audiochallenge(n)~AtypeofHumanInteractionProofchallenge,whichplaysanaudio
filedecipherableonlybyaperson.Theaudiofilemightseemfaintormixedwith
backgroundvoicesandnoise.Thisisintentionaltoensureaperson,notanautomated
program,completestheHIPchallenge.
audiocodec(n)~Thedigitalencodingusedtorepresentaudiodata.
audioconference(n)~Theaudioportionofameeting.Theaudiocanbeprovided
throughatelephoneconferencingserviceorbyusingVoiceoverInternetProtocol(VoIP)
technology.
audioconferenceline(n)~Thebridgelinethatparticipantscalltoheartheaudioportion
ofaLiveMeetingsession.
audioconferencingpartner(n)~Anaudioconferenceservicethatischosenbyan
organizations’sconferencecentertointegrateclientfunctionswithitsLiveMeeting
service.
audioconferencingprofile(n)~Audiosettingsforauserthatareassociatedwitha
telephoneconferencingproviderorwithanaudio-videoconferencingserver.
audioconferencingprovider(n)~Athird-partyorganizationthatprovidesaudio
conferencingservicesoverpublicswitchedtelephonenetwork(PSTN).
AudioControls(n)~AnitemontheViewmenuthatdisplaysthetoolbarofcontrolsfor
audiocalls.AudioControlsincludeaCallmenuforthecurrentlyselectedperson,
microphoneandspeakercontrols,Mute,HangUp,andTransferbuttons.
AudioControls(n)~AbuttoninaconversationwindowthatdisplaysAudioControlsin
thecurrentconversationwindow.AudioControlscontainCall,HangUp,Hold,Transfer,
DialPad,MuteMicrophone,MuteSpeakers,andmicrophoneandspeakervolumecontrol
buttons.
audiodevice(n)~Ahardwaredevicecapableofreproducingsound.
audiofile(n)~Afilecontainingdigitizedaudio,suchasvoiceormusic.
audioframe(n)~Oneofthesmallerparts(withtheirownheadersandaudioinformation)
thatmakeupanaudiofile.
audioinputdevice(n)~Anaudioinputdevicerecordsmusicandvoiceinputintoyour
computer.ExamplesofaudioinputdevicesareCD-ROMplayersandmicrophones.
audiomixing(n)~Theprocessofcombiningmultiplestreamsofaudiodataintoasingle
stream.
audiooutput(n)~Anysoundproducedbyacomputer;specifically,spokenoutput
producedbyacomputerinresponsetosomespecifictypeofinput.Suchoutputmaybe
generatedusingacombinationofwordsfromadigitizedvocabularyorthroughthe
synthesisofwordsfromtablesofphonemes.
audioprompt(n)~Anaudiocuetotheusertobeginrecordingaudiodata.
audioprovider(n)~Athird-partyorganizationthatprovidesaudioconferencingservices
overpublicswitchedtelephonenetwork(PSTN).
AudioRepackager(PN)~Acomponentresponsibleforbreakingaudiosourcesamples
intosmallbufferchunksreadytobeconsumedbytheaudioqueue.
audioresponse(n)~Anysoundproducedbyacomputer;specifically,spokenoutput
producedbyacomputerinresponsetosomespecifictypeofinput.Suchoutputmaybe
generatedusingacombinationofwordsfromadigitizedvocabularyorthroughthe
synthesisofwordsfromtablesofphonemes.
audiostream(n)~Audiodatathatisdeliveredinacontinuousflowacrossanetwork.
audiostyle(n)~Acombinationofaudioplaybackoptionsthatareidentifiedbyastyle
name.Thisallowsyoutoconfigureplaybackwithasingleclick.
AudioTestservice(n)~Abuilt-intoolwherebyatestcallcanbemadebeforetheactual
callis.Thisensuresthattherearen’tanyseverenetworkorotherissuesthatcouldaffect
callquality.
Audiotoolbar(n)~ALiveMeetingclienttoolbarforperformingaudiotasksduringa
LiveMeetingsession.
audiotrack(n)~Anindividualsongorotherdiscretepieceofaudiocontent.
audiotype(n)~Oneoftheencodingformatsforaudiofiles,forinstanceAdvancedAudio
Coding(MP4),AIFFandWAV.
AudioVideoInterleaved(n)~AMicrosoftWindowsmultimediafileformatforsound
andvideosthatusestheMicrosoftResourceInterchangeFileFormat(RIFF)specification.
audiowaveform(n)~Avisualrepresentationofanaudiosignalovertime.
Audio/VideoConferencingServer(n)~AserverrunningLyncServerorOffice
CommunicationsServerthatmixesandmanagesaudioandvideoinputsfrommultiple
sourcesformultipartyaudioandvideoconferences.
audit(n)~InCMMIprocess-improvementwork,anindependentexaminationofawork
productorsetofworkproductstodeterminewhetherrequirementsarebeingmet.
audit(n)~Totrackchangesinentitiesandfieldsasrequired.
AuditandControlManagementServer(PN)~AMicrosoftOfficeproductthatprovides
non-intrusiveauditingofchangesmadetoExcelspreadsheetsandAccessdatabases,and
supportsalerts,notificationsandautomaticworkflowsbasedonuseractivitiessuchas
macroorformulachanges.
AuditCollectionServices(PN)~Aservicethatcollectsandforwardsallsecurityevents
frommonitoredcomputerstoacentraldatabase.
AuditCollectionServicesdatabase(oth)~ThedatabaseinwhichAuditCollection
Servicesstoresallthesecurityeventsthatitcollectsfrommonitoredcomputers.
auditdiagram(n)~Atypeofdiagramusedtodocumentandanalyzeprocessessuchas
financialtransactionsandinventorymanagement.
audithistory(n)~Informationmaintainedaboutthehistoryofanitem,includingall
readingandeditingsessions.
auditlog(n)~TheSQLServerdatabaseinwhichMicrosoftProvisioningFramework
(MPF)storesdataaboutsuccessfulandfailedtransactionsforwhichauditingisenabled.
auditlogging(n)~Theprocessofrecordingspecificactionsperformedbytargetedusers.
auditmode(n)~Thestageofthepreinstallationprocessusedtotestamanufactured
computerbeforeitisdeliveredtotheenduser.
auditpolicy(n)~Apolicythatdeterminesthesecurityeventstobereportedtothe
networkadministrator.
audittrail(n)~Atime-stampedrecordofallthechangesthatusersmaketoarecord.An
audittrailalsocontainsthenameandidentificationoftheuserwhomadethechange,and
typicallyincludesthereasonforthechange.
auditing(n)~Theprocessanoperatingsystemusestodetectandrecordsecurity-related
events,suchasanattempttocreate,toaccess,ortodeleteobjectssuchasfilesand
directories.Therecordsofsucheventsarestoredinafileknownasasecuritylog,whose
contentsareavailableonlytothosewiththeproperclearance.
auditor(n)~Athird-partyindependentorganizationorindividualwhoconductsformal
examinationsandverifiesmeasurementsthroughaprocessofreviews.
AuditoriumPlace(n)~ALiveMeetingsessiontypethatisdesignedforlarge,structured
meetings.
AUP(n)~Astatementissuedbyanonlineservicethatindicateswhatactivitiesusersmay
ormaynotengageinwhileloggedintotheservice.Forexample,someprovidersprohibit
usersfromengagingincommercialactivityonthenetwork.
authmethod(n)~Theauthenticationprotocol(suchasCHAP,PAP,EAPetc.)usedwhen
authenticatingaccesstoresourcesonanetwork.
Authentic,Energetic,Reflective,andOpen(oth)~Thevisualexperienceofthe
premiumWindowsVistaeditions.WindowsAerobuildsontheBasicandStandarduser
experiencestooffercustomersourbest-designed,highest-performingdesktop
environment.AnoticeableelementofthenewWindowsAeroexperienceisthe
professional-looking,transparentglassdesign,whichcreatesanopen,lightweight
environmentbutmoreimportantlyenablesuserstofocusontheircontentratherthanthe
interface.
authenticatedaccess(n)~AuseraccessoptionthatyouspecifyatthedefaultWebsite
levelorApplicationlevelinIIS.Authenticatedaccessrequiresausertohaveavalid
accountandpasswordtoaccessthesite.
authenticateddenialofexistence(n)~TheauthenticationofaDNSqueryforarecord
thatdoesnotexist.
AuthenticatedInternetProtocol(PN)~AprotocolextensiontoInternetKeyExchange
(IKE)thatsupportsadditionalauthenticationmechanismsandthecombinationofuserand
computerauthenticationrequirements.
AuthenticatedIP(PN)~AprotocolextensiontoInternetKeyExchange(IKE)that
supportsadditionalauthenticationmechanismsandthecombinationofuserandcomputer
authenticationrequirements.
authenticatedusersonlymeeting(n)~AmeetinginwhichallparticipantshaveActive
Directorycredentialsandconnectfromeitherinsideoroutsidethecorporatefirewall.
authentication(n)~Theprocessofverifyingtheidentityofauser,computer,device,
process,orotherentitybyvalidatingthecredentialsprovidedbytheentity.Common
formsofcredentialsaredigitalsignatures,smartcards,biometricdata,andacombination
ofusernamesandpasswords.
authentication(n)~Aworkflowthatisusedtoperformadditionaluseridentityvalidation
beforecontinuingwiththerequest.
authenticationassurance(n)~AWindowsServerfeaturethatprovidestheabilityto
determinewhichlogonmethodwasusedbyauserfromhisKerberostoken.
authenticationchallenge(n)~Adialogthatrequirestheusertoprovidearesponsein
ordertoauthenticatetoILM-€œ2-€?.
authenticationchallengeactivity(n)~AWindowsWorkflowFoundationactivitythatis
usedtoconfigureachallengethatwillbeissuedtoauserinordertoauthenticatetoILM€œ2-€?.
authenticationdata(n)~Ascheme-specificblockofdatathatisexchangedbetweenthe
serverandclientduringauthentication.Toproveitsidentity,theclientencryptssomeor
allofthisdatawithausernameandpassword.Theclientsendstheencrypteddatatothe
server,whichdecryptsthedataandcomparesittotheoriginal.Ifthedecrypteddata
matchestheoriginaldata,theclientisauthenticated.
authenticationdatabase(n)~Adatabaseonaserverthatmatchesusernamesto
passwords.
authenticationdelegation(n)~Amethodusedtoauthenticateasessionthathasbeen
openedwiththepublishedWebsite.
authenticationmethod(n)~Theauthenticationprotocol(suchasCHAP,PAP,EAPetc.)
usedwhenauthenticatingaccesstoresourcesonanetwork.
authenticationmethod(n)~ForBitLockerDriveEncryption,acombinationofoneor
moreofthefollowingelements,identifiedbyagloballyuniqueidentifier(GUID):
personalidentificationnumber(PIN),recoverypassword,recoverykey,startupkey,and
TrustedPlatformModule(TPM).
authenticationoption(n)~Oneofmultipleauthenticationmechanismsorsettingsthata
usercanset.
authenticationpackage(n)~ADLLthatencapsulatestheauthenticationlogicusedto
determinewhethertopermitausertologon.LSAauthenticatesauserlogonbysending
therequesttoanauthenticationpackage.Theauthenticationpackagethenexaminesthe
logoninformationandeitherauthenticatesorrejectstheuserlogonattempt.
authenticationpage(n)~AWebpagepresentedtounauthenticatedusersloggingontoa
siterequiringauthenticationwithaWebbrowser.
authenticationprovider(n)~Thesoftwarecomponentthatprovidesservicesfor
authenticatingsecurityprincipals.Forexample,theimplementationofRADIUSisan
authenticationprovider.
authenticationservice(n)~Aserviceprovidedbyanoperatingsystemorunderlying
subsystem(likeMicrosoftInternetInformationServices)thatprovidesameansto
authenticateusers,typicallyusingausernameandpassword.Partofthegeneralsecurity
system,authenticationservicescanalsobeofferedattheapplicationlayer.
authenticationset(n)~InIPsec,acollectionofauthenticationmethodsthattheclient
proposesduringnegotiationwiththeremotehost.
authenticationticket(n)~AticketthatCommerceServercreatesforregisteredusers.
Authentications(n)~Aunitofmeasureofthe‘BasicAuthentications’resourceofthe
‘ActiveDirectoryB2C’servicetypeofthe‘Identity’servicefor‘Pay-As-You-Go’billing
basedonthenumberofauthenticationssubmitted.
Authentications(10s)(PN)~Theunitofmeasureforauthenticationsperformedinblocks
of10.
authenticator(n)~Adatastructureusedbyonepartytoprovethatanotherpartyknowsa
secretkey.IntheKerberosauthenticationprotocol,authenticatorsincludetimestamps,to
preventreplayattacks,andareencryptedwiththesessionkeyissuedbytheKey
DistributionCenter(KDC).
Authenticator(PN)~Theappthatgeneratessecuritycodesthatchangefrequentlyaspart
oftwo-stepverification.
authenticity(n)~Thevalidityorcorrectnessofadocument.
Authenticode(n)~AsecurityfeatureofMicrosoftInternetExplorer.Authenticodeallows
vendorsofdownloadableexecutablecode(plug-insorActiveXcontrols,forexample)to
attachdigitalcertificatestotheirproductstoassureendusersthatthecodeisfromthe
originaldeveloperandhasnotbeenaltered.Authenticodeletsendusersdecidefor
themselveswhethertoacceptorrejectsoftwarecomponentspostedontheInternetbefore
downloadingbegins.
AuthIP(PN)~AprotocolextensiontoInternetKeyExchange(IKE)thatsupports
additionalauthenticationmechanismsandthecombinationofuserandcomputer
authenticationrequirements.
author(n)~Theentityprimarilyresponsibleforcreatingthecontentresource(thatis,the
author).
author(n)~Individual,account,orwebsitethatpublishedapostthatwasstoredtothe
application’sdatabase.
AuthorListsright(n)~Arightthatallowsausertoadd,modify,orremoveitemsina
list,documentlibrary,discussionboard,orsurvey.
AuthorMarks(PN)~Afeaturethatidentifiestheauthorofunreadneworchanged
contentinasharednotebook.
Authorrole(n)~Acollectionofrightsthatenablesausertoview,add,andmodifypages,
anditemsinalist,documentlibrary,discussionboardorsurvey.
authoring(n)~Theprocessofcreatinganddesigningcontentbyusingspecialized
authoringtools.
AuthoringConnector(PN)~AMicrosoftContentManagementServer(MCMS)feature
thatenablesuserstoauthor,edit,andsubmitcontentfromaMicrosoftWorddocumentto
anMCMSWebsite.
authoringpane(n)~InPerformancePointAdd-inforExcel,thepanethatisusedto
authorforms.
authoringtool(n)~Atoolthatallowsanauthortocreate,edit,manageand/orpublisha
contentdeliverableinaconsistentlyorganizedfashion.
authoritativenameserver(n)~ADNSserverthatisresponsiblefortheDNSrecords
thatareassociatedwithadomain.
authoritativepage(n)~AWebpagethatasitecollectionadministratorhasdesignatedas
morerelevantthanotherWebpages.ThisistypicallytheURLofthehomepageforthe
intranetofanorganization.Thehighertheauthoritylevelassignedtoapage,thehigher
thepageappearsinsearchresults.Alsoreferredtoasauthoritativepage.
authoritativerecovery(n)~InBackup,atypeofrestoreoperationperformedonan
ActiveDirectorydomaincontrollerinwhichtheobjectsintherestoreddirectoryare
treatedasauthoritative,replacing(throughreplication)allexistingcopiesofthoseobjects.
authoritativerestore(n)~InBackup,atypeofrestoreoperationperformedonanActive
Directorydomaincontrollerinwhichtheobjectsintherestoreddirectoryaretreatedas
authoritative,replacing(throughreplication)allexistingcopiesofthoseobjects.
authoritativeserver(n)~Pertainingto,orcharacteristicof,aDNSserverthathostsa
primaryorsecondarycopyofaDNSzone.WhenaDNSserverisconfiguredtohosta
zone,itissaidtobeauthoritativefornameswithinthatzone.
authoritativesource(n)~Auserthathasthoroughlytestedandcertifiedthesoftware.
Typically,thesesourcesincludeMicrosoftCorporationandindependentsoftwarevendors
(ISVs).
authorityinformationaccess(n)~Acertificateextensionthatcontainsinformation
usefulforverifyingthetruststatusofacertificate,asdefinedbythe2008Memoofthe
NetworkWorkingGroup.ThisinformationpotentiallyincludesUniformResource
Locations(URLs)wheretheissuingCA’scertificatecanberetrieved,aswellasalocation
ofanOnlineCertificateStatusProtocol(OCSP)responderconfiguredtoprovidestatusfor
thecertificateinquestion.
AuthorityKeyIdentifier(n)~Acertificateextensionusedbythecertificatechaining
enginetodeterminewhatcertificatewasusedtosignapresentedcertificate.TheAKIcan
containtheissuername,serialnumber,publickeyinformation,ornoinformationatall.
Bymatchingtheinformationinacertificate’sAKIextensiontoaCAcertificate’sSubject
KeyIdentifier(SKI)extension,acertificatechaincanbebuilt.
authorization(n)~Theprocessofgrantingaperson,computerprocess,ordeviceaccess
tocertaininformation,servicesorfunctionality.Authorizationisderivedfromtheidentity
oftheperson,computerprocess,ordevicerequestingaccess,whichisverifiedthrough
authentication.
authorization(n)~Aworkflowwithactivitiesthatmustbecompletedbeforetheapproval
orvalidationrequestiscommittedtothedatabase.
authorizationcode(n)~Acodethatgrantsrightstoanindividual,forexampletousea
systemoraccessstoreddata.
authorizationheader(n)~InthecontextofanHTTPtransaction,astringcontainingthe
credentialsthattheuseragentsendstoservercontainingtheauthenticationinformation.
AuthorizationManager(n)~Arole-basedsecurityarchitectureforMicrosoftWindows
Server2003orMicrosoftWindows2000Server(ServicePack4)thatcanbeusedinany
applicationrequiringrole-basedauthorization,suchasASP.NETWebapplicationsorWeb
services.Itconsistsofarun-timeenvironmentandaMicrosoftManagementConsole
(MMC)snap-intoolthatenablesnetworkadministratorstodefineroles,assignusersand
groupstoapplicationroles,andcreateapplicationgroupsbasedonanemployeesjobrole
oranorganizationsstructure.
AuthorizationPoliciesWizard(PN)~AwizardthatisavailablethroughRemote
DesktopGatewayManagerthatenablesyoutoquicklyconfigureaRemoteDesktop
connectionauthorizationpolicy(RDCAP),aRemoteDesktopresourceauthorization
policy(RDRAP),andacomputergroupthatisassociatedwithanRDRAP.
authorizationrule(n)~Ascript,writteninVBScriptorJScript,thatcanbeincludedin
roledefinitionsandtaskdefinitions.Anauthorizationruledetermineswhethertheroleor
taskisallowed.
authorizationstore(n)~Afilecontaininguserandgroupinformationusedbythe
AuthorizationManager.
authorize(v)~Tograntaperson,computerprocess,ordeviceaccesstocertain
information,servicesorfunctionality.
authorize(v)~Tosanctionthefutureoccurrenceofaneventinasystem.
authorizeddistributor(n)~AnindependentcompanylicensedbyMicrosoftLicensing,
GPorMicrosoftIrelandOperations,Ltd.tomanagetheproductionanddistributionof
multipacksofWindowsOEMproductstosystembuilders.
authorizedreplicator(n)~AnindependentcompanylicensedbyMicrosoftLicensing,
Inc.,tomanagetheproductionanddistributionofMicrosoftOEMproductsforroyalty
OEMs.MicrosoftLicensing,Inc.,suppliestheauthorizedreplicatorwiththemaster
components,manufacturingandassemblyspecifications,andotherpertinentinstructions.
TheauthorizedreplicatormanufacturesandassemblesgenuineMicrosoftproductsto
exactspecifications.Thebenefitsofusinganauthorizedreplicatorincludeprotection
againstpiracy,consistenthigh-qualitysoftware,andcompetitiveprices.
authorizeduser(n)~Auserwhohasbeenauthenticatedandwhohasaccesstoobjects
andtasksinthesystem.
AutoAnswer(PN)~AfeatureofsomeWindowsMobiledevicesthatusesthehands-free
systemtoautomaticallyanswerincomingcalls(withoutapersontouchingthedevice)
afterauser-specifiedperiodoftime,suchas2seconds,5seconds,10seconds,andsoon.
autoapplyquota(n)~Aquotathatallowstheusertoassignaquotatemplateonafolder
andhavequotasbasedonthetemplatebeautomaticallycreatedfortheexistingsubfolders
andanysubfolderscreatedinthefuture.
AutoApproval(n)~Anupdatemanagementconfigurationinwhichnewlysynchronized
updatesareautomaticallyapproved,anddeployedtomanagedcomputers.
AutoAttendant(n)~Thefeaturethatsuppliesacallerwithinformationandperformsan
actionwithouttheinterventionofahumanoperator.Itautomaticallyroutescallsbasedon
selectionsmadebythecaller.
AutoCollage(PN)~Afeaturethatassemblesacompositephotocollagefrommultiple
sourcephotos.
autocorrection(n)~Afeaturethatautomaticallycorrectserrorsandmakesother
substitutionsassoonasausertypestext.
autodiscover(n)~Toautomaticallyfindnewly-addedserversandnewly-addedsharesor
volumes,ortodetectchanges,suchasdeletionorremapping,toprotecteddata.
autodiscovery(n)~ThedailyprocessbywhichDPMautomaticallydetectsnewor
removedserversonthenetworkanddiscoverschangestoprotectedservers,suchasthe
addition,removal,orrenamingofdatabases,shares,andvolumes.
AutoFill(PN)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertofillcellswithdatathatfollowsapattern
orthatisbasedondatainothercells.
AutoHide(PN)~AfeaturethatminimizestoolwindowsalongtheedgesoftheIDEwhen
thesewindowsarenotinuse.
AutoPC(n)~Aninformationandentertainmentsystemforuseinautomobiles.
DevelopedbyMicrosoftandpoweredbyMicrosoft-®Windows-®CE(aWindowscompatibleoperatingsystemdesignedforembeddedapplications),AutoPCimplements
speech-recognitiontechnologytoenableindividualstorelyonhands-free,spoken
commandsfortaskssuchasaccessingacontactdatabase(names,addresses,numbers),
callingupe-mailortrafficreports,controllinganaudiosystem,orobtainingdestination
directions.TheAutoPCfitsintothedashboard,inthespacenormallyoccupiedbyaradio.
autosize(v)~Foranobject,toresizeautomaticallyifthecontainingobjectortheoverall
windowisresized.
autostyleapplicationmode(n)~Amodeinwhichthedefaultstylesettingsdefinedin
PageOptions>CSStabwillbeusedonapagelevelaswellasonaninlinestylelevel.
Thestyleapplicationmodecanalsobesettomanual.
autothumbnail(n)~Atoolthatcreatesathumbnail(aminiatureversion)ofapictureor
photographandahyperlinktotheoriginalpicture.
autotop-up(n)~ASkypefeaturethatenablesautomaticpaymentssothattheuserdoesn’t
runoutofSkypeCredit.
AutoArchive(n)~Afeaturewhichautomaticallyandperiodicallyremovesitemsto
anotherfolder,ordeletesthem,basedontheamountoftimetheyhavebeeninthefolder.
AutoArchive(v)~Toautomaticallyremoveitemstoanotherfolderperiodicallyordelete
them,basedontheamountoftimethattheyhavebeeninthefolder.
autochanger(n)~Aroboticdevicethatautomaticallyloadsstoragemediaintoacomputer
drive.
autocommitmode(n)~ThedefaulttransactionmanagementmodefortheDatabase
Engine.TheDatabaseEngineautomaticallystartsatransactionforeachindividual
Transact-SQLstatement.Whenthestatementcompletes,thetransactioniscommittedor
rolledbackbasedonthesuccessorfailureofthestatement.
AutoComplete(PN)~ThefeatureinInternetExplorerthatrememberstheinformation
youhavetypedintotheAddressbar,webforms,orpasswordfields,andwhich
automaticallyfillsinthatinformationifyoustarttotypethesamethingagainlater.
AutoConnect(n)~AtechnologythatallowsOutlookandmobiledevicestoautomatically
discoverandconnecttothecorrectExchangeserverwithoutrequiringtheusertoknow
theExchangeservernameorotherdetails,evenifthemailboxhasbeenmovedoraserver
hasfailed.
AutoConnect(PN)~Afeaturethatautomaticallyconnects,aligns,andevenlydistributes
flowchartshapesinadrawing.
auto-consistencycheck(n)~Afeaturethatautomaticallyrunsaconsistencycheckon
protecteddatasourceswhenitdetectsaninconsistentreplica.
auto-correct(PN)~Afeaturethatautomaticallycorrectserrorsandmakesother
substitutionsassoonasausertypestext.
Auto-detectserver(oth)~Thelabelforacheck-boxthatwhenselectedestablishes
automaticdetectionoftheserveruponsigningin.
Autodiscover(n)~AfeatureavailableinOutlook2007andsomemobiledevicesthat
automaticallyconfigurestheclientsforaccesstoExchangeServer2007.Theclientsends
theusernameandpasswordinformationtotheExchange2007server.TheAutodiscover
WebservicethatisrunningontheExchangeClientAccessserverreturnsanXMLfilethat
containsconfigurationinformation,whichisinterpretedbytheclient.Iftheuserismoved
toadifferentserverlater,theclientwillautomaticallyquerytheAutodiscoverWebservice
againtoupdatetheclientconfiguration.
Autodiscoverservice(n)~Aservicethatreturnsserverconfigurationinformationfora
mobiledeviceorotherclientusingonlytheuser’sSMTPe-mailaddressandpassword.
auto-exit(n)~Atextboxinwhichthefocusautomaticallymovestothenextcontrolas
soonasausertypesthelastcharacter.
Auto-Extend(PN)~AfeaturethatfacilitatestheuseofPresenterViewbyautomatically
applyingtheExtendsettingforWindowsprojectionandidentifyingthecorrectdisplayfor
SlideShowversusPresenterview.
AutoFilter(n)~Asoftwarefeaturethatallowsuserstofilterrecordsinaspreadsheetor
databasebyselectingfiltercriteriarightintheworkingwindowratherthangoingthrough
complexviewsandfeatures.
autoflow(n)~Theautomaticflowingoftextfromoneframetoanother.
AutoHide(PN)~AfeaturethatminimizestoolwindowsalongtheedgesoftheIDEwhen
thesewindowsarenotinuse.
auto-hidebutton(n)~Abuttonthatappearsontheedgeofaframewhenawindowisin
auto-hidemode.Thehiddenwindowpaneappearswhenthemousecursorhoversoverthe
button.
autohost(v)~Todeploythecomponentsofanapponappropriatehostsandestablishapp
isolationautomatically.
auto-implementedproperty(n)~AVisualBasicandC#propertythatcanbedeclaredin
asinglelineofcode.
auto-insertdelay(n)~Timeelapsedafterthelaststrokeandbeforethehandwriting
recognizerresultisinserted.
auto-joining(n)~Themovementoftexttofillagapthatremainsafterauserdeletesother
text.
auto-labelling(n)~Aprocedureinwhichaddingashapetothedrawingcanvas
automaticallyalsoaddstheshape’snameasatextlabel.
AutoLayout(n)~Afeaturethatautomaticallyadjuststhelayoutifyouinsertitemsthat
don’tfittheoriginallayout.YoucanundoitusingtheAutomaticLayoutOptionsbutton.
autoloader(n)~Aroboticdevicethatautomaticallyloadsstoragemediaintoacomputer
drive.
autologger(n)~Adata-capturingtoolusedinremoteusabilitystudiestoautomatically
recordapplicationinformation(activewindows,titlesandlocations)anduseractionssuch
asmouseclicksandkeystrokes.
autologon(n)~Theprocessofautomaticallyloggingontothecomputerwhenthe
computerrestarts.
automatedactivity(n)~AnactivitythatisautomaticallycompletedbyServiceManager.
AutomatedClearingHouse(n)~Anelectronicfundstransfersystemavailableinthe
UnitedStatesthatfacilitatesthetransferoffundsbetweenreceivingpartyandoriginating
partybankaccounts.
AutomatedSystemRecovery(n)~Afeaturethathelpsyourecoverasystemthatwillnot
start.
AutomatedSystemRecoveryPreparationWizard(n)~Awizardthatbacksupthe
partitionusedbytheoperatingsystem,butitdoesnotbackupotherpartitions,suchas
programordatapartitions.ThosepartitionsmustbebackedupusingBackuporother
standardroutines.
automatedtask(n)~Aworkflowtaskthatiscompletedbyanautomaticoperation.
automatedtest(n)~Asetofstepsthatacomputermayrunprogrammaticallytotestthe
functionalityofthesystem.
automatic(adj)~Pertainingtosomethingthatfunctionswithoutexternalcontrol.
AutomaticAnswering(PN)~AfeatureofsomeWindowsMobiledevicesthatusesthe
hands-freesystemtoautomaticallyanswerincomingcalls(withoutapersontouchingthe
device)afterauser-specifiedperiodoftime,suchas2seconds,5seconds,10seconds,and
soon.
automaticapproval(n)~Anupdatemanagementconfigurationinwhichnewly
synchronizedupdatesareautomaticallyapproved,anddeployedtomanagedcomputers.
automaticapprovalrule(n)~Atypeofrulethatallowsupdatestobeautomatically
approvedbasedonproductandupdateclassifications.
automaticcalldistributor(n)~Asystemthatautomaticallyroutesandqueuesincoming
phonecallsandgeneratesreportstoanagentorasetofagents,e.g.,inacallcentersuch
asforcustomerservice.
Automaticconfiguration(PN)~AnoptionintheOptionsdialogbox,ontheAccounts
tab.WhenthephoneisintegratedwithCommunicator,thisoptionusestheautomatic
configurationsettingsforthephone.
automaticdocumentfeeder(n)~Anattachmentavailableonsomescannersthatallows
automaticscanningofmultiplepages.
automaticfailover(n)~Afailoverthatoccursautomaticallyonthelossoftheprimary
replica.
automaticfailoverset(n)~Withinagivenavailabilitygroup,apairofavailability
replicas(includingthecurrentprimaryreplica)thatareconfiguredforsynchronouscommitmodewithautomaticfailover,ifany.
automaticfilerestore(n)~Afeaturethatreplacesmalware-infectedsystemfileswith
uninfectedfilesfromthecloud.
AutomaticLayout(n)~Afeaturethatrecognisessomerepetitive,highly-usedstepsand
automaticallyhelpsinthelayoutofthetext.
automaticlearning(n)~Ahandwritingpersonalizationfeaturethatcollectsdataaboutthe
wordsyouuseandhowyouwritethem.Ifyouturnonautomaticlearning,itenablesthe
handwritingrecognizertolearnyourhandwritingstyleandvocabulary.
AutomaticMaintenance(PN)~AfeatureofWindowsthatincludesasetofmaintenance
tasksthatrunautomaticallywhentheuser’sPCisidle.
Automaticmapping(n)~FieldintheImportDataWizardthatindicatesthatthewizard
candeterminewhichofthefieldsbeingimportedmatchupwithMicrosoftDynamics
CRMfields.
automaticnumberidentification(n)~Aprogramthatidentifiesthephonenumberwhere
acalloriginates.
automaticoutlining(n)~Theprocessthatmakesitpossibletocollapseasequenceoftext
linesintoasingleline.Forexample,inC++allmethodscanbecollapsedtoasingleline,
showingonlythemethodsignature.
automaticpartnering(n)~AsettingforAPPCLUsandmodesthatenablesLU-LUpairs
(withassignedmodes)tobegeneratedautomaticallybyHostIntegrationServer2004.
EachtimeanewAPPCLUormodeiscreatedwithautomaticpartneringenabled,Host
IntegrationServer2004searchesforexistingLUsandmodesthatalsohaveautomatic
partneringenabled.HostIntegrationServer2004thenusesallavailableautomaticpartners
tocreateasmanyuniqueLU-LUpairsaspossible,eachpaircontainingaremoteLU,local
LU,andassignedmode.DisablinganautomaticpartnersettingafteranLUormodehas
beencreateddoesnotremovethatLUormodefromLU-LUpairsalreadygenerated.
AutomaticPrivateIPAddressing(n)~ATCP/IPfeatureinWindowsXPandWindows
Server2003thatautomaticallyconfiguresauniqueIPaddressfromtherange169.254.0.1
through169.254.255.254withasubnetmaskof255.255.0.0whentheTCP/IPprotocolis
configuredfordynamicaddressingandaDHCPserverisnotavailable.TheAPIPArange
ofIPaddressesisreservedbytheInternetAssignedNumbersAuthority(IANA)foruseon
asinglesubnet,andIPaddresseswithinthisrangearenotusedontheInternet.
AutomaticProvisioning(n)~Theautomationofuserprovisioning
automaticrecovery(n)~RecoverythatoccurseverytimeSQLServerisrestarted.
AutomaticReplies(PN)~Atoolthatallowstheusertoconfigureauto-replies.
automaticreply(n)~Theauto-replytextspecifiedusingOutlook’sAutomaticRepliesor
OutofOfficeAssistant.
automaticscrolling(n)~Atechniquewherebyadisplayareaautomaticallyscrolls
withoutdirectinteractionwithascrollbar.
AutomaticSpeechRecognition(n)~Technologythatallowsmachinestorecognizeand
respondtohumanvoicecommands.
automaticsynchronization(n)~Theautomaticexchangeandupdateofinformation
betweenadeviceandadesktopcomputerorserveraccordingtoapresetscheduleor
criteria,sothattheinformationisthesameinbothplaces.
automatictransaction(n)~AtransactionthatiscreatedbytheCOM+run-time
environmentforanobjectbasedonthetransactionattributeofacomponent.
automaticupdate(n)~Amethodthatallowsacomputertobescannedandrecommends
softwareupdatesthatfixproblems,addfunctionality,orprovidethelatestdrivers.
AutomaticUpdates(n)~AfeaturethatworkswiththeWindowsUpdatewebsiteto
deliverupdates(patchesandfixes)forWindowsastheybecomeavailableaccordingto
settingsthatuserscanchoose.
automaticvariable(n)~AshellvariablethatisalwaysavailableaspartofaMonad
session($?,$true,etc.).
automaticvirtualmachineactivation(n)~Activationofaguestoperatingsystemor
applicationbasedonpropertiesofahostsystemorparentpartition,includingbutnot
limitedtothelicensestateofthehost.
AutomaticallyretrieveOutOfOfficesettingsfromOutlook(oth)~Anoptioninthe
Optionsdialogbox,ontheRulestab.Whenthisoptionisselected,Communicatorobtains
theuser’sOutOfOfficeinformationfromOutlookanddisplaysitaspartoftheuser’s
status.
automaticallysave(v)~Tosavetheuser’sworkonacontinuousbasis,sothatitisnot
necessarytosavemanually.
Automation(PN)~AtechnologythatisbasedontheComponentObjectModel(COM)
thatenablesinteroperabilityamongActiveXcomponents,includingOLEcomponents.
FormerlyreferredtoasOLEAutomation.
Automation(PN)~AMicrosoftAzureservicethatautomatesthemanual,long-running,
error-prone,andfrequentlyrepeatedtasksthatarecommonlyperformedinacloud
environment.
Automationclient(n)~AnapplicationthatusesAutomationtomanipulatestheobjects,
methods,andpropertiesofanotherapplication.AlsocalledanAutomationcontroller.
Automationobject(n)~AnobjectsuppliedbyacomponentthatsupportsAutomation.
Automationserver(n)~Anapplicationthatenablesitsobjects,methods,andproperties
tobecontrolledbyotherapplicationsthroughAutomation.
Automotive(PN)~TheLifestylesubcategorycontainingappsforcarenthusiasts.
AutoMovie(n)~AMovieMakertoolthathelpsusersquicklycreateamoviebyanalyzing
thevideo,pictures,andmusicthatauserselects,andthencombiningthosetocreatea
movie.
autonomoussystem(n)~Agroupofroutersornetworkscontrolledbyasingle
administrativeauthorityusingacommonInteriorGatewayProtocol(IGP)forrouting
packets.Eachautonomoussystemisassignedagloballyuniquenumbercalledan
autonomous-systemnumber(ASN).
autonomoussystemboundaryrouter(oth)~Arouterthatexchangesroutinginformation
withroutersthatbelongtootherautonomoussystems.TheASBRthenadvertisesexternal
routesthroughouttheautonomoussystem.ASBRscanbeinternalorareaborderrouters,
andtheymightormightnotbeconnectedtothebackbone.
AutoNumber(PN)~Afielddatatypethatautomaticallystoresauniquenumberforeach
recordasit’saddedtoatable.
AutoPlay(n)~Afeaturethatallowsyoutosetupyourcomputersothatwhenyouinserta
CDorDVD,itwillplayautomaticallyandyouwon’thavetoselectyourpreferences
everytime.
autopostback(n)~Aprocessinwhichthecontrolsubmitsthepagewhentheuser
interactswiththecontrol.(Bydefault,onlybuttoncontrolscauseapostback.)For
example,ifaDropDownListcontrolissettoperformautopostback,thepageissubmitted
assoonasauserselectsanitemfromthelist.
auto-protection(n)~InDPM,afeaturethatautomaticallyidentifiesandaddsnewdata
sourcesforprotection.
auto-recharge(n)~ASkypefeaturethatenablesautomaticpaymentssothattheuser
doesn’trunoutofSkypeCredit.
Auto-recover(n)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertorescueworkifthecomputercrashes
foranyreason.
auto-redial(n)~Afeaturethatrepeatedlyredialsthedesirednumberuntiltheusergets
through.
auto-reducestatementcompletion(n)~TheIntelliSensefeaturethatfiltersthelistof
valuesthatIntelliSensedisplaystoonlytherelevantonesbasedonwhattheusertypes.It
alsofiltersontitlecasing(e.g.,iftheusertypesdl’
autoregressiveintegratedmovingaverage(n)~Amethodfordeterminingdependencies
inobservationstakensequentiallyintime,thatalsosupportsmultiplicativeseasonality.
auto-repeat(n)~Aneventorinteractionthatisautomaticallyrepeated.Auto-repeat
eventsusuallyoccurwhenauserholdsdownakeyboardkeyorpressesandholdsa
specialcontrol(forexample,scrollbarbuttons).
AutoReply(PN)~AfeatureinOutlookMobilethatallowstheusertosetupanautomatic
responsetoincominge-mailmessages.
auto-report(n)~Atypeofreportthatisautomaticallygeneratedfromthedatathatis
displayedonaform.
autorestart(n)~Aprocessorsystemfeaturethatcanautomaticallyrestartthesystem
aftertheoccurrenceofcertaintypeoferrorsorapowersystemfailure.
Autos(PN)~AnMSNsitethatprovidesinformationandexpertadviceonautomobiles,
includingsafetyratings,marketvalues,andlistingsfornewandusedcars.
autosave(n)~Aprogramfeaturethatautomaticallysavesanopenfiletoadiskorother
mediumatdefinedintervalsorafteracertainnumberofkeystrokestoensurethatchanges
toadocumentareperiodicallysaved.
autoscroll(n)~Atechniquewherebyadisplayareaautomaticallyscrollswithoutdirect
interactionwithascrollbar.
AutoShape(n)~Apredefinedorfree-formfigure-€”suchasaline,oval,cube,flowchart
symbol,banner,orfree-formscribble-€”thattheusercaninsertintoadocumentandthen
customize.
AutoShapes(n)~Amenuforagroupofready-madeshapesthatincludesbasicshapes,
suchasrectanglesandcircles,plusavarietyoflinesandconnectors,blockarrows,
flowchartsymbols,starsandbanners,andcallouts.
autosnap(n)~Afeatureinwhichdroppingashapeontoaconnectorautomaticallyglues
theshapetotheconnector.
auto-start(n)~AfeatureofWindowsServerAppFabricthatallowsaWCForWFservice
toautomaticallystartwhenitiscreated,orwhenIISisstarted.
autostaticupdate(n)~Theprocessofaddingtotheroutingtableautomatically.When
youconfigureaninterfacetouseauto-staticupdatemode,theroutersendsarequestto
otherroutersandinheritsroutes.Theroutesaresavedintheroutingtableasandarekept
eveniftherouterisrestartedortheinterfacegoesdown.Auto-staticupdatesaresupported
in(RIP)for(IP)andinRIPforInternetworkPacketExchange(),buttheyarenot
availableforusewithOpenShortestPathFirst(OSPF).
Autostretch(adj)~Anoptionforsettingallorpartofalayouttabletoafixedwidth.After
settingpartofalayouttabletoafixedwidth,theotherpartofthelayouttable
automaticallystretchestoadjusttothesizeoftheWebbrowserwindow.
AutoSum(n)~AnExcelfeaturethatautomaticallycreatesasumformulabasedonuser
selection.
AutoText(n)~Agalleryfortextandgraphics,suchasastandardcontractclause,thatcan
beusedmultipletimesinoneormoredocuments.Eachselectionoftextorgraphicsis
recordedasanAutoTextentryandassignedauniquename.ItisvisibleinQuickPartsand
theBuildingBlocksOrganizer.
Autotextcode(PN)~Atext-basedvariableinacolumndefinitionthatisautomatically
updatedeachtimethatareportisgenerated.
Autounattend.xml(n)~Theunattendedanswerfilethatisautomaticallydetectedby
WindowsSetupduringoperatingsysteminstallation.
auxiliaryAppCompatdatabase(n)~Anadditionaldatabasethatisassociatedwiththe
AppCompatdatabase.TheAuxiliaryAppCompatdatabasecanbemodifiedonthesystem
andisusedprimarilyinlargeenterpriseswheretheITenvironmentisheavilymanaged.
ThemainAppCompatdatabaseisread-only.
auxiliaryclass(n)~Aclassthatextendsthedefinitionofaclassthatinheritsfromitbut
cannotformaclassbyitself.
auxiliarydisplay(n)~AfeatureofWindowsVistathatgivestheuserquickaccessto
usefulinformationontheircomputer,suchascalendarappointmentsandthelateste-mail
messageevenwhenthecomputerisinstandbymodeorhibernating,mediaplayback
controlwhenthecomputerisoff,andotherapplicationnotifications.
AV(n)~Acomputerprogramdesignedtodetectandrespondtomalicioussoftware,such
asvirusesandworms.Responsesmayincludeblockinguseraccesstoinfectedfiles,
cleaninginfectedfilesorsystems,orinformingtheuserthataninfectedprogramwas
detected.
availability(n)~Alevelofserviceprovidedbyapplications,services,orsystems.
availability(n)~Theperiodsoftimewhenaresourcecanbescheduledtoparticipateina
serviceactivity.
availability(n)~Theconditionofauserthatcanbedisplayedtotheuser’scontactsto
communicatewhethertheuseriscurrentlyonlineandavailable,offlineandunavailable,
andsoon.
availabilitydatabase(n)~Adatabasethatbelongstoanavailabilitygroup.
availabilitygroup(n)~Asetofuserdatabasesthatfailovertogether.
availabilitygrouplistener(n)~Aservertowhichclientscanconnectinordertoaccessa
databaseinaprimaryorsecondaryreplicaofanavailabilitygroup.
availabilityindicator(n)~Appearstotheleftofameetingorappointment(oralltheway
aroundtheitemwhenselected),indicatingtimestatusasfree,tentative,busy,outof
office,ornoinformationavailable.VisibleonlyinDayandWorkWeekview.
availabilityreplica(n)~Aninstantiationofanavailabilitygroupthatishostedbya
specificinstanceofSQLServerandthatmaintainsalocalcopyofthesetofavailability
databasesthatbelongtotheavailabilitygroup.
Availabilityservice(n)~Aservicethatimprovesinformationworkers’free/busydataby
providingsecure,consistent,andup-to-datefree/busyinformationtocomputersthatare
runningMicrosoftOfficeOutlook2007.Bydefault,thisserviceisinstalledwithExchange
2007.
availabilityset(n)~Agroupofvirtualmachinesthataresetupsothatitsmembersare
guaranteedtobehighlyavailable.Anavailabilitysetcombinestheoperationsoffault
domainsandupdatedomainstohelpguardagainsthardwarefailuresandhostoperating
systemupdates,bothofwhichcausevirtualmachineoutages.
availabilitywarning(n)~Aniconorawarningmessagethatappearswhenanitem
quantity,lotnumber,orserialnumberisalreadyreservedorotherwisespecifiedforother
documents.
available(adj)~Referringtoanythingthatisreadyforimmediateusebyauseror
application.
available(PN)~Apresencestatustheusercanselect,whilesignedin,tomakeitappearto
otherusersthatheorsheiscurrentlywillingtobecontacted.
availablediskspace(n)~Memorythatisnotallocatedtoanyprogram.
availabledisks(n)~Astoragepoolthatexposesphysicaldisksthatarecurrentlyavailable
forinclusioninastoragepoolonaparticularstoragesubsystem.
availableharddiskspace(n)~Memorythatisnotallocatedtoanyprogram.
availablelanguage(n)~Alanguagepackthatispresentinthelangpacksfolder,butisnot
yetinstalledtotheWindowsimage.Toinstallanavailablelanguage,youmustrun
WindowsSetup.Optionally,youcanusetheLpksetup.exetooltoinstallalanguagepack
afterWindowsisinstalled.
availablememory(n)~Memorythatisnotallocatedtoanyprogram.
availabletopromise(adj)~Theportionofinventorythatisnotallocatedandwhichcan
beusedtofulfillnewordersandrequirements.
Avantgarde(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#90.
Avatar~Apictureorfigurerepresentingapersoninanonlineenvironment.
AVDP(n)~ApartoftheUDFfilesystemnecessarytoidentifytherequiredblocksin
ordertointerpretthefilesystem.
averagecostperiod(n)~Anintervaloftimethattheprogramusestocalculateaverage
costsofitemsthatusetheAveragecostingmethod.Theprogramcalculatesanaverage
costfortheendingdateofeachaveragecostperiodinwhichaninventorydecreasetakes
place.Thisaveragecostisthenappliedtoallinventorydecreaseswithvaluationdatesin
theaveragecostperiod.
averageduration(oth)~Theaverageevent-timeforallperformanceeventsinthegroup.
AVI(n)~AMicrosoftWindowsmultimediafileformatforsoundandvideosthatusesthe
MicrosoftResourceInterchangeFileFormat(RIFF)specification.
AVIcode.NETEnterpriseagent(PN)~AfeaturethatisinstalledonaWindows-based
computerbytheAVIcode.NETapplicationmonitoringproduct.
AVS(n)~Theservicethatisprovidedbyacreditcardprocessorthatvalidatesthatthe
billingaddressprovidedbyacardholdermatchestheinformationonfilewiththeissuing
bank.
awardcertificate(n)~Adocumentpresentedtoanindividualorteaminformal
recognitionoftheireffortorachievement.
Away(n)~AtabonthePowerOptionsPropertiesdialogboxwhichallowstheuserto
selectawaymode.
Away(n)~Anitemontheuser’sMyStatusmenuthatcanbeselectedwhilesignedinto
makeitappeartootherusersthatheorsheiscurrentlyaway.
Away(PN)~Anitemontheuser’sStatusmenu.Ausercanselectthisstatustoindicate
thattheyarenotactivelyusingtheircomputer.
Away(PN)~Thestatusthatappearswhenauseriselsewherethanattheircomputer.The
Awaystatuscanbeselectedmanuallywhentheuserplanstobeaway,orautomatically
whentheuserhasbeenaway.
awaygreeting(n)~Avoicemessagethat’splayedtocallerstoletthemknowthatthe
persontheycalledisawayforanextendedperiodoftimeandunavailabletoanswerthe
phone.Itcanbecustomizedbytheuser.It’sdifferentfromthevoicemailgreetingthat’s
playedwhentherecipientisawayforashortperiodoftime.
awaymode(n)~ApowermodeinwhichaMediaCenterPCappearsoff,butcanstill
performfunctionssuchasrecordingaTVprogram.Inawaymode,themonitorappears
blank,theaudioismuted,theinputdevicesarelocked,thepowerLEDchangesfrom
greentoamber,andthesystemfansturndown.
AWS(PN)~Acollectionofremotecomputingservicesthatmakeupacloudcomputing
platformofferedbyAmazon.com.
AWT(PN)~AlibraryofJavaGUIs(graphicaluserinterfaces)thatprovidesthe
connectionsbetweenaJavaapplicationandthenativeGUIofthecomputeronwhichthe
applicationruns.
AxBCclass(n)~Abusinesscomponentclassthatencapsulatesbusinesslogic,including
theprovisionofdefaultvalues,validationofdata,valuemapping,andaccesstodisplay
fields.
Axd(oth)~Theprefixusedfordocumentclassesfortheapplicationprogrammer
interfaces(APIs).
axis(n)~Alineborderingthechartplotareausedasaframeofreferencefor
measurement.
axis(n)~Asetoftuples.Eachtupleisavectorofmembers.Asetofaxesdefinesthe
coordinatesofamultidimensionaldataset.
axis(n)~Adirectionalvectorthatcanbeusedtospecifyapositioninspace.The
horizontalaxisx-axis,theverticaly-axis,andnear-to-farz-axisareusedforthreedimensionalgraphing.
AXL(PN)~AnXML-basedserializationformatusedbySharePoint-basedserversto
representAccessServicesdatabaseapplications.Itincludesdatabaseproperties,queries,
forms,reports,andmacros.
AzMan(n)~Arole-basedsecurityarchitectureforMicrosoftWindowsServer2003or
MicrosoftWindows2000Server(ServicePack4)thatcanbeusedinanyapplication
requiringrole-basedauthorization,suchasASP.NETWebapplicationsorWebservices.It
consistsofarun-timeenvironmentandaMicrosoftManagementConsole(MMC)snap-in
toolthatenablesnetworkadministratorstodefineroles,assignusersandgroupsto
applicationroles,andcreateapplicationgroupsbasedonanemployeesjobroleoran
organizationsstructure.
AzureActiveDirectory(PN)~TheidentityserviceinMicrosoftAzurethatprovides
identitymanagementandaccesscontrolcapabilitiesthroughaREST-basedAPI.
AzureActiveDirectoryConnectHealth(PN)~AnMicrosoftAzurepreviewportal
extensionwithaserverandclientcomponenttomonitorservice’shealth,performanceand
usageofanon-premisesidentityinfrastructure(ADFS),providingalerts,summariesand
reports.
AzureActiveDirectoryConnectHealthAgent(PN)~Aprograminstalledandrunning
asabackgroundtaskonthetargetedserverstoaccomplishAzureADConnectHealth
functions.
AzureActiveDirectoryidentitysynchronizationtools(n)~Theservicesprovidingfor
automaticalsynchronizationofuserandgroupaccountson-premiseandtotheaccounts
storedinAzureActiveDirectoryviapass-backthroughfederationandpasswordhash
synchronization.
AzureADApp(PN)~AnInternetapplicationthatrunsonsmartphonesandother
portabledevicesandusesMicrosoftAzureMobileServicestoprovideauthorizedusers
withsign-oncapabilitytoaccesssecuredresourcesviatheidentityserviceinMicrosoft
Azurethatprovidesidentitymanagementandaccesscontrolcapabilities.
AzureADConnectHealth(PN)~AnMicrosoftAzurepreviewportalextensionwitha
serverandclientcomponenttomonitorservice’shealth,performanceandusageofanonpremisesidentityinfrastructure(ADFS),providingalerts,summariesandreports.
AzureADConnectHealthAlerts(PN)~ThesectionoftheAzureADConnectHealth
providingthelistofactivealerts.includesrelevantinformation,resolutionsteps,andlinks
torelateddocumentation.Byselectinganalertyouwillseeadditionalinformation,aswell
asstepsyoucantaketoresolvethealert,andlinkstoadditionaldocumentation.Youcan
alsoviewhistoricaldataonalertsthatwereresolvedinthepast.
AzureADConnectHealthUsageAnalytics(PN)~AfeatureofAzureADConnect
Healththatanalyzesuseractionsandusageeventsontnemonitoredservice.
AzureADSync(PN)~Asoftwaretoolforconnectingtodatasources,synchronizingdata
betweendatasources,aswellastheprovisioninganddeprovisioningofidentities.
AzureApp(PN)~AnInternetapplicationthatrunsonsmartphonesandotherportable
devicesandusesMicrosoftAzureMobileServicestoprovideauthorizeduserswithsignoncapabilitytoaccesssecuredresourcesviatheidentityserviceinMicrosoftAzurethat
providesidentitymanagementandaccesscontrolcapabilities.
AzureAppService(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzurehostingofferthatisstreamlinedforfast
andeasywebsitedeploymentseitherrunningcustomapplicationcodeorpopularopen
sourcewebapps.
AzureAppServiceEnvironment(PN)~APremiumserviceplanoptionofAzureApp
Servicethatprovidesafullyisolatedanddedicatedenvironmentforsecurelyrunningall
apps.
AzureApplication(PN)~AnInternetapplicationthatrunsonsmartphonesandother
portabledevicesandusesMicrosoftAzureMobileServicestoprovideauthorizedusers
withsign-oncapabilitytoaccesssecuredresourcesviatheidentityserviceinMicrosoft
Azurethatprovidesidentitymanagementandaccesscontrolcapabilities.
AzureAuthenticator(PN)~Adual-componentappthatcanbeinstalledonauser’s
mobiledeviceforsecureaccesstoworkandschoolaccountsthroughaccountsign-in
verification.
AzureAutomation(PN)~AMicrosoftAzureservicethatautomatesthemanual,longrunning,error-prone,andfrequentlyrepeatedtasksthatarecommonlyperformedina
cloudenvironment.
AzureAutomationIntelligencePack(PN)~AnAzureAutomationcomponent
transformingthenewbornagentintoausefulmemberofsociety,otherwiseknownasa
HybridRunbookWorker.
AzureBatchforum(n)~AnMSDNforumtodiscusstheAzureBatchservice.Thetopics
includemanagement,development,performance,roadmap,featurerequest,etc.
AzureClassicPortal(PN)~Theserviceprincipalfirst-releasedweb-baseduserinterface
toAzureservices.
Azurecredit(n)~TheamountofmoneythatanAzureuserisentitledtouseforAzure
services.
AzureDataCatalog(PN)~AsharedAzureservicethatprovidesameansforstoringand
administeringdefinitionsofmodels,contenttypes,anddatasources.
AzureDataLake(PN)~Ahyperscalerepositoryforbigdataanalyticworkloads.
AzureforBizSparkPlus(n)~TheofferofamonthlycreditonMicrosoftAzurefor
startupswhoaremembersofalocalAcceleratororIncubatorandwhoareBizSparkPlus
partners.
AzureGamingServices(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicefor3limited-availability
Xbox(gaming)servicetypes,includingComputeandtwoDataTransfers.
AzureinOpen(PN)~Amonetarycommitmentofferbasedontheopenlicensingprogram
andtargetedforsmall-tomedium-sizedbusinesses.
AzureinOpen(PN)~AmonetarycommitmentthatmakesMicrosoftAzureavailablefor
partnerstoresellthroughOpenlicensingfor12months,andthatacustomercanuse
againstanyconsumption-basedAzureservice.
AzurePass(PN)~Anofferthatprovidesacertainamountinmonetarycredittoanyone
whowouldliketotryoutMicrosoftAzureservices.
AzurePortal(n)~Theweb-baseduserinterfacethathostsallAzureservices.
AzurePowerShell(PN)~AmodulethatprovidescmdletstomanageAzurethrough
WindowsPowerShell.Youcanusethecmdletstocreate,test,deploy,andmanage
solutionsandservicesdeliveredthroughtheAzureplatform.
AzurePreviewPortal(n)~Thenext-generationweb-baseduserinterfacetowhichAzure
servicesaremigrating.Itprovidesacustomizableend-to-endDevOpsexperiencealong
withAzureResourceManagerforcomposingandmanagingallresourcesinan
applicationtogether.
AzureRedisCache(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureCacheofferingthatprovidesaccesstoa
secure,dedicatedRediscache,managedbyMicrosoft.
Azureregion(n)~AnareawithinageoAzureregiontaxonomy.Doesnotimplyany
hierarchyornestingwithinageo.Regionscanbeassignedtoothergeosinthefutureif
needed.
AzureResourceManager(PN)~Theservicetograntaccesstoaserviceprincipaland
authenticateitsothatitcanperformthepermittedmanagementactionsonresourcesthat
existinthesubscriptionorasatenant.
AzureRightsManagement(GovernmentPricing)(PN)~TheofferoftheAzureRights
Managementcapabilityforgovernmentorganizationswheredataishostedinthe
commercialcloudenvironment.
AzureRightsManagementforGovernment(PN)~TheofferoftheAzureRights
Managementcapabilityforgovernmentorganizationswheredataishostedinthe
governmentcloudenvironment.
AzureSearch(PN)~Theservicethatallowsdeveloperstoincorporatesearchcapabilities
intotheirapplicationswithouthavingtoworryaboutthecomplexitiesoffull-textsearch
andwithouthavingtodeploy,maintainormanageanyinfrastructure.
AzureSiteRecovery(n)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicethatallowsuserstoautomate
protectionandreplicationandorchestraterecoveryforvirtualmachinesandapplications
thatrunonHyper-VhostslocatedinSystemCenterVirtualMachineManager(VMM)
cloudsandalsoinMicrosoftAzureforsimplifieddisasterrecovery.
AzureStack(PN)~AcloudinfrastructurethatbringsAzureIaaSandPaaScapabilitiesto
customers’datacentersforblendingenterpriseapplicationssuchasSQLServer,
SharePoint,andExchangewithmoderndistributedapplicationsandserviceswhile
maintainingcentralizedoversight.
AzureSyncPortal(PN)~ThewebUIthatyouusetointeractwiththeAzureSync
Service.
AzureSyncService(PN)~ThesynchronizationservicerunningbehindtheAzureSync
Portal.
AzureTenant(n)~AninstanceofAzureActiveDirectorythatisautomaticallycreated
forusebyanorganizationwhensigningupforanyMicrosoftcloudservicetocreateand
manageusersandgroups,addtheorganization’sregisteredInternetdomainsandsetup
integrationwiththeon-premisesdirectoryservicetoprocessuserauthentications.
AzureTrustCenter(PN)~Awebsitethatdescribesthecompliance,security,andprivacy
featuresofMicrosoftAzure.
B~
B(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheComputerEntertainmentRating
Organization(CERO).
B+tree(n)~AB-treeinwhichdataarestoredintheleaves.B+trees(Bplustrees)make
itpossibletoeasilysearch,insert,deleteandaccessdata.
B2B(n)~Relatingtothesalescategorypertainingtotransactionsandrelatedactivity
betweenabusinessandbuyerswhoarenotconsumers,suchasgovernmentbodies,
companies,andresellers.
B2Bintegration(n)~Theexchangeofelectronicdocumentsbetweentwocompanies,for
example,forthepurposeoftrading.
B2Bsite(n)~AWebsitedesignedforthecreationandtransmissionofpurchaseorders
betweenbusinessesthathaveanestablishedrelationship.
B2Csite(n)~AWebsitethatprovidesretailshoppingdirectlytothepublic.
BAC(n)~Theoriginalproject,resource,andassignmentcostasshowninthebaseline
plan.Thebaselinecostisasnapshotofthecostatthetimewhenthebaselineplanwas
saved.
bacillusCalmette-Guérinvaccine(n)~Aserumagainsttuberculosisthatisprepared
fromastrainoftheweakenedlivebovinetuberculosisbacillusandusedforvaccination
againsttuberculosisandalsoincancerchemotherapy.
Back(PN)~AnavigationbuttonusedtoreturntorecentlyvisitedWebpagesinInternet
Explorerandotherinternetbrowsers.
backbuffer(n)~Anonvisiblesurfacetowhichbitmapsandotherimagescanbedrawn
whiletheprimarysurfacedisplaysthecurrentlyvisibleimage.
Backbutton(PN)~Thebuttonthattakestheusertothepreviousitemorpage.
backclippingplane(n)~Thefarboundaryofaviewingfrustumorcamerabeyondwhich
objectsarenotrendered.
backdoor(n)~Ahardwareorsoftware-basedhiddenentrancetoacomputersystemthat
canbeusedtobypassthesystem’ssecuritypolicies.
backend(n)~Thepartofacompilerthattransformssourcecode(human-readable
programstatements)intoobjectcode(machine-readablecode).
backend~thepartofacomputersystemnotdirectlyinteractingwiththeuser.
backorder(n)~Anunfilledcustomerorderorcommitment.Abackorderisan
immediate(orpastdue)demandagainstanitemwhoseinventoryisinsufficienttosatisfy
thedemand.
backpayment(n)~Apaymentmadebyacustomerforapastdueobligation.
backreference(n)~Inregularexpressions,anelementoftheform\dd’
backup(v)~Tomakeaduplicatecopyofaprogram,adisk,ordata.
backbone~BackbonenetworkisthemaincommunicationpathinaWAN;thesetof
cablesorconnectionsthatcarriesmostofthetraffic
backbonerouter(n)~InOpenShortestPathFirst(OSPF),arouterthatisconnectedto
thebackbonearea.Thisincludesroutersthatareconnectedtomorethanonearea(area
borderrouters(ABRs)).However,backboneroutersdonothavetobeABRs.Routersthat
haveallnetworksconnectedtothebackboneareinternalrouters.
backdoor(n)~Pertainingtoatypeoftrojanusedtobypassacomputer’ssecuritypolicies.
backdoor(n)~Anentrywayintoacomputerthatisneitherauthorizednorintentionally
deliberate.
backend(adj)~Inaclient/serverapplication,thepartoftheprogramthatrunsonthe
server.
back-endapplication(adj)~Inaclient/serverapplication,thepartoftheprogramthat
runsontheserver.
back-enddatabase(n)~Inatwo-databaseapproach,theserver-sidedatabasethat
containsthetablesthatholdyoursolution’sdata,andthatisaccessedbyyoursolution
throughlinksinthefront-enddatabase.
back-enddatabaseserver(n)~Aserverthathostsdata,configurationsettings,andstored
proceduresthatareassociatedwithoneormoreapplications.
backendserver(n)~Aserverthatisusedtohandledataprocessingandtypicallyisnot
accessedbytheclientsandisnotexposedtotheWeb.
back-endserver(n)~Aserverthatisusedtohandledataprocessingandtypicallyisnot
accessedbytheclientsandisnotexposedtotheWeb.
backfill(v)~Toretrievemissingupdatesfromanotherstorewhenapublicfolderstore
determinesthatithasnotreceivedalloftheupdatesforareplicatedfolder(orforthe
hierarchy).
backflushcosting(n)~Anaccountingmethodthatflowsproductandproductioncoststo
costofgoodssoldaccountsduringanaccountingperiodandthatbackflushesthosecosts
torawmaterialandfinishedgoodsaccountsforproductsnotsoldatthecloseofthe
accountingperiod.
background(n)~InagraphicaluserinterfacesuchasWindows,apatternorpictureinthe
screenbackgroundthatcanbechosenbytheuser.
background(adj)~Inthecontextofprocessesortasksthatarepartofanoperating
systemorprogram,operatingwithoutinteractionwiththeuserwhiletheuserisworking
onanothertask.
background(n)~Thecolororimagethatappearsbehindthecontentofavisualelement,
forexample,behindthetextthatisdisplayedinaTextBoxcontroloronyourgraphical
userinterface.
background(n)~Apagethatyoucanassigntoanotherpagetocreatemultiplelayersina
drawing.
background(n)~Theimagethatappearsintheconversationwindow.
background(n)~TheareathatappearsbehindthetilesontheStartscreen.
background(n)~ThepicturethatappearsinthePhotosHub.
Background(PN)~Theareaonacardthatallowsausertomakethecard’simagea
backgroundwhenclickedon.
backgroundagent(n)~Amultitaskingfeaturethatallowsforrunningcodeperiodically
inthebackground.
backgroundcolor(n)~Thecoloragainstwhichcharactersandgraphicsaredisplayed.
backgroundcompilation(n)~Compilationthatoccurswhilethedeveloperiswriting
code,beforeanexplicitbuildcommandismadethroughtheIDE.Background
compilationenableserrorreportingwhilethedeveloperiswritingcode.
backgroundgraphics(n)~Anygraphicsonaslide,includingdrawingobjects,patternsin
abackgroundfill,andpictures.
backgroundgraphicsmode(n)~Amodethatdefineshowbackgroundcolorsaremixed
withwindoworscreencolorsfortextandbitmapoperations.
backgroundhandles(n)~Thehandlesusedtoresizethebackground.Bydefault,
backgroundhandlesarehidden.
backgroundimage(n)~Thebackgroundthatappearsunderanapplication.
BackgroundIntelligentTransferService(PN)~AcomponentofWindowsXPandlater
operatingsystemsthatfacilitatesprioritized,throttled,andasynchronoustransferoffiles
betweencomputersusingidlenetworkbandwidth.
backgroundpage(n)~Apagethatyoucanassigntoanotherpagetocreatemultiple
layersinadrawing.
backgroundpattern(n)~Thepatternagainstwhichcharactersandgraphicsare
displayed.
backgroundprinting(n)~Theprocessofsendingadocumenttoaprinteratthesame
timethatthecomputerisperformingoneormoreothertasks.
backgroundprocessing(n)~Theexecutionofcertainoperationsbytheoperatingsystem
oraprogramduringmomentarylullsintheprimary(foreground)task.Anexampleofa
backgroundprocessisawordprocessorprogramprintingadocumentduringthetimethat
occursbetweentheuser’skeystrokes.
backgroundprogram(n)~Aprogramthatcanrunorisrunninginthebackground.
BackgroundRemoval(PN)~Animageeditingfeaturethatallowsausertoisolatethe
foregroundportionofanimageandmakethebackgroundtransparent.
backgroundshading(n)~Theapplicationofcolorbehindselectedtextorparagraph.
backgroundsound(n)~AnaudiofileassociatedwithaWebpage.Whenasitevisitor
opensthepageinaWebbrowser,theaudiofileplayseithercontinuouslyorthenumberof
timesthatthecodeintheWebpagespecifies.
backgroundstreaming(n)~Aclientruntimepolicyconfigurationparameterthatenables
thesecondaryfeatureblockofavirtualizedapplicationtobestreamedtotheclient
automaticallyinthebackground.
BackgroundSync(PN)~Afeaturethatsynchronizesofflinefilesinthebackground,
ensuringthattheserverisfrequentlyupdatedwiththelatestchanges.
backgroundtask(n)~Ataskthatispartofanoperatingsystemorprogram,andis
operatingwithoutinteractionwiththeuserwhiletheuserisworkingonanothertask.
backgroundtexture(n)~Thetexture(illusionofphysicalsubstance)againstwhich
charactersandgraphicsaredisplayed.
backhaul~Theterrestriallinkbetweenanearthstationandaswitchingordatacenter.
backingfield(n)~Aprivatevariablethatholdsthevalueofaproperty.Theproperty’sGet
andSetproceduresaccessthebackingfield.
backingstore(n)~Amass-storagedevicethatservesasbackupmemoryforpagingwhen
physicalmemoryisfull.
backingstream(n)~Theexistingstream,thatthenewstreamwillbebasedon.
backingtype(n)~Atypeinagiventypesystemthatdefinestheobjectthatiscreated
whenparsingaXAMLobjectelementorinstantiatingaXAMLtype.InXAMLforWPF,
abackingtypeisaCLRtype.
backingvariable(n)~Aprivatevariablethatholdsthevalueofaproperty.Theproperty’s
GetandSetproceduresaccessthebackingfield.
backlight(n)~Thelightbehindthescreenonmobiledevicesusedtoilluminatethescreen
inthedark,orjusttomakeitbrighterundernormalconditions.
Backlighttimeout(n)~Amenuitemthatsetstheamountoftimeforthedevicetobeidle
beforethebacklightturnsoff.
backlog(n)~Thesetofworkitemsnotyetclosed,representingworkunderconsideration
orstilltobecompleted.
backlogpriority(n)~Sortorderassignedtoabacklogitem,whichisusedtomanagethe
sequenceofitemsonthebacklog
backoff(n)~Amechanismthatisusedtodelivermessagesataninterimhop,alongthe
least-costroutingpath.Abackoffoccurwhendirectrelayfailsforanyreason,suchas
networkissuesorserversgoingoffline.Theroutingcomponenttriestodelivermessages
asclosetothedestinationaspossiblebybackingoff,hopbyhop,alongtheleast-cost
routingpathuntilaconnectionismade.
Back-OrderLimit(n)~Thevaluebelowzerobeyondwhichitisnotprudenttotakeback
orders.Backorderingcannotoccurbeyondthisvalue.Thisistorestrictoversellingand
therebypreventingfailuretofulfillanorder.
backplane(n)~Atoolintegrationframeworkthatenablestheenactmentofenduser
scenariosthatrequirecollaborationamongtoolsdevelopedindependentlybygroups
insideandoutsideofMicrosoft.
backplane(n)~Acircuitboardorframeworkthatsupportsothercircuitboards,devices,
andtheinterconnectionsamongdevices,andprovidespoweranddatasignalstosupported
devices.
backslash(n)~AcharacterusedtoseparatedirectorynamesinMS-DOSandUNIXpath
specifications.Whenusedasaleadingcharacter,itmeansthatthepathspecification
beginsfromthetopmostlevelforthatdiskdrive.
backspacegesture(n)~InTabletPCInputPanel,anactiongesturethatperformsthe
sameactionaspressingtheBACKSPACEkeyonthekeyboard.
BACKSPACEkey(n)~Akeyboardkeythatmovesthecursortotheleft,onecharacterat
atime,usuallyerasingeachcharacterasitmoves.
Backstageview(PN)~Afull-pageUIviewthatexposesfile-levelfunctionalityinOffice
applications.ThisisacompanionfeaturetotheOfficeRibbonandhelpsusersdiscover
andusethefeaturesthatfalloutsideoftheauthoringfeaturesontheRibbon.
backup(n)~Aduplicateofaprogram,adisk,ordata,madeeitherforarchivingpurposes
orforsafeguardingfiles.
Backup(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicethatletsyoumanagecloudbackupsbyusing
standardbackuptoolsinWindowsServer2012,WindowsServer2012Essentials,or
SystemCenter2012DataProtectionManager.
Backup&manage(PN)~TheUtilities&toolssubcategorycontainingappstobackup
yourpersonaldataandmanageit.
backupandrestore(n)~Theprocessofmaintainingbackupfilesandputtingthemback
ontothesourcemediumifnecessary.
backupbattery(n)~AnadditionalbatterysourceavailableinWindowsMobilepowered
devices.Itavoidsdatalossiftheprimarybatterylosespower.
backupbrowseserver(n)~AcomputeronaMicrosoftnetworkthatmaintainsalistof
computersandservicesavailableonthenetwork.Themasterbrowsersuppliesthelist.
ThebackupbrowserdistributestheBrowsingserviceloadtoaworkgroupordomain.
backupbrowser(n)~AcomputeronaMicrosoftnetworkthatmaintainsalistof
computersandservicesavailableonthenetwork.Themasterbrowsersuppliesthelist.
ThebackupbrowserdistributestheBrowsingserviceloadtoaworkgroupordomain.
backupcopy(n)~Aduplicateofaprogram,adisk,ordata,madeeitherforarchiving
purposesorforsafeguardingfiles.
backupdesignatedrouter(n)~AnOSPFrouterthatformsadjacencieswithallother
routersonamultipleaccessnetworkandbecomesthedesignatedrouterwhenthe
designatedrouterbecomesunavailable.
backupdevice(n)~Atapeordiskdrivecontainingabackupmedium.
backupfile(n)~Aduplicateofaprogram,adisk,ordata,madeeitherforarchiving
purposesorforsafeguardingfiles.
backupmediapool(n)~Alogicalcollectionofdata-storagemediathathasbeenreserved
forusebyMicrosoftWindowsBackup.BackupusesRemovableStoragetocontrolaccess
tospecificmediawithinalibrary.
backupmedium(n)~Diskfileortapeusedtoholdoneormorebackups.
BackupOperatorsgroup(n)~Atypeoflocalorglobalgroupthatcontainstheuser
rightsyouneedtobackupandrestorefilesandfolders.MembersoftheBackupOperators
groupcanbackupandrestorefilesandfoldersregardlessofownership,permissions,
encryption,orauditingsettings.
backupprivilege(n)~Auser’srighttoperformbackups.
backupset(n)~Acollectionoffiles,folders,andotherdatathathavebeenbackedupand
storedinafileorononeormoretapes.
backupshadowcopy(n)~AshadowcopyofareplicacreatedbytheDpmBackup
command-linetool.InDPM,backupshadowcopiesareusedtoarchivereplicastotape.
backupsnapshot(n)~Asnapshotofasite’sdata,createdbytheBackupConfiguration
ManagerSiteServertaskorbyanotherbackuputility.Thebackupsnapshotisusedduring
asiterecoveryprocesstorestorethesite’sdata.
BackupStorageforWindowsServer(n)~TheofferthatprovidesqualifiedWindows
Servercustomersupto800GBofAzureBackuppermonthatnochargefortwomonths.
backupwithholding(n)~AnIRStaxruleintheUnitedStatesthatrequiresnotified
payerstowithholdasetpercentagefrompaymentsmadetopayeeswhocannotbe
identifiedduetomissingorincorrecttaxpayeridentificationnumbersontaxforms.
Backup,backup~Abackupisanextracopyofyourwork,egdocuments,picturesetc,
savedontoaremovablestoragemediumsuchasCD,DVDormagnetictape,sothatif
yourcomputerisstolenorbreaksdownyoudon’tloseeverything.Backupisanoun,back
upisaverb.
Backus-Naurform(n)~Ametalanguageusedfordefiningthesyntaxofformal
languages,bothforthedeveloperofthelanguageandfortheuser.Alanguageisdefined
byasetofstatements,ineachofwhichalanguageelementknownasametavariable,
writteninanglebrackets,isdefinedintermsofactualsymbols(calledterminals)andother
metavariables(includingitselfifnecessary).
backwardcompatibility(n)~Thecapabilityofsourcecodeorprogramsdevelopedona
moreadvancedsystemorcompilerversiontobeexecutedorcompiledbyalessadvanced
(older)version.
backwardcompatible(Adverb)~Pertainingtoaproductorversionthatisableto
interactwithpreviousversions.
backwardextension(n)~Anrangethatisextendeddownward,usingsmallernumbers.
backwardpass(n)~Calculationoflatefinishandlatestartdatesforprojectactivities,
determinedbyworkingbackwardfromtheproject’sfinishdate.
backwardplanning(n)~Amethodfordeterminingaproductionschedulebybeginning
withthedatetheorderisrequiredtobereadyandworkingbackwardtothedatework
mustbegininordertomeettherequiredduedate.
backwardscheduling(n)~Amethodfordeterminingaproductionschedulebybeginning
withthedatetheorderisrequiredtobereadyandworkingbackwardtothedatework
mustbegininordertomeettherequiredduedate.
backwardslash(n)~AcharacterusedtoseparatedirectorynamesinMS-DOSandUNIX
pathspecifications.Whenusedasaleadingcharacter,itmeansthatthepathspecification
beginsfromthetopmostlevelforthatdiskdrive.
backward-compatible(Adverb)~Pertainingtoaproductorversionthatisableto
interactwithpreviousversions.
Backwards-compatible~Aprogram(orsystem)designedtoworkwithdatagenerated
byearlierversionsofitself,eventhoughtheformatmaysincehavechangedcompletely.
BACS(n)~Anautomatedclearinghousesystemforelectronicfinancialtransactions.
badblock(n)~Adisksectorthatcannotbeusedfordatastorage,usuallybecauseof
mediadamageorimperfections.Finding,marking,andavoidingbadsectorsonadiskis
oneofthemanytasksperformedbyacomputer’soperatingsystem.Adisk-formatting
utilitycanalsofindandmarkthebadsectorsonadisk.
baddebt(n)~Anaccountsreceivablethatwilllikelyremainuncollectableandwillbe
writtenoff.
BadLanguage(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbythePanEuropeanGaming
Information(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
badsector(n)~Adisksectorthatcannotbeusedfordatastorage,usuallybecauseof
mediadamageorimperfections.Finding,marking,andavoidingbadsectorsonadiskis
oneofthemanytasksperformedbyacomputer’soperatingsystem.Adisk-formatting
utilitycanalsofindandmarkthebadsectorsonadisk.
badsyntax(n)~Violationofoneormoreoftherulesgoverningformationofan
expression,resultinginunacceptabilityorillegality.
badword(n)~Aspecificwordorphrasethatisspecifiedonthebasisofanorganization’s
messsagingpolicyandusedinkeywordfiltering(contentfiltering)toidentifyandprevent
unwantede-mailmessagesfrombeingdeliveredtousersintheorganization.
badwordsupervisionpolicy(n)~E-mailpolicysettingsthatpreventsendingand
receivinge-mailthathasspecificallybannedcontent.Administratorscanusethispolicyto
rejecte-mailthatcontainsprofanityorotherobjectionablewords,alsoknownasbad
words’.’
badge(n)~Asmallicon,imageortitlethatisassociatedwithauser’snameandthat
providesavisualindicationoftheirrole,contributionlevel,orotherachievementor
affiliation.
badge(n)~Anindicationthatappearsonthelockscreenoratiletoinformtheuserof
recentactivityorupdates,suchasnumberofemailmessagesreceived,sincethePCwas
lockedortheappwaslastviewed.
badwill(n)~Thedifferencebetweenthefairmarketvalueandpurchasepriceofanasset,
whenthefairmarketvalueishigherthanthepricepaid.
bagsemantics(n)~Aformofsemanticsinwhichduplicatesareallowed.
BAIDU(PN)~AnoperatingsystemformobiledevicesbasedonGoogle’sAndroidasan
independentdevelopmentbyBaidu,thedominantsearchengineoperatorinChina.
bailor(n)~Apersonoranorganizationthattransferspersonalpropertyoritems,butnot
proprietaryrights,toanotherpersonororganizationforstoragepurposes.
BakerSupreme(n)~AskilllevelintheComfyCakesgame.Onceyouhavecompleteda
ComfyCakesgame,aplayergetsaskilllevelrankassignedautomaticallybythegame
(basedonthescoreyouhitduringthegame).
balance(n)~Thedifferencebetweenthesumofdebitentriesandthesumofcreditentries
enteredintoanaccountduringafinancialperiod.
Balance(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtocompareorshowtherelationship
betweentwoideas.EachofthefirsttwolinesofLevel1textcorrespondstotextatthetop
ofonesideofthecenterpoint.EmphasizesLevel2text,whichislimitedtofourshapeson
eachsideofthecenterpoint.Thebalancetipstowardsthesidewiththemostshapes
containingLevel2text.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyouswitch
layouts.
balance(n)~Theamountofeconomicresourcerequiredtobringoppositeeconomic
resourceflowstoastateofequilibrium.
balanceaccount(n)~Anaccountthatrecordstransactionsaboutassetsandliabilitiesand
thatisusedinthepreparationofthebalancesheet.
balancedue(n)~Theunpaidamountthatacustomerowesacreditor.
balancesheet(n)~Astatementofthefinancialpositionofanorganizationthatreportsthe
stateofassets,liabilities,andequityonaspecifieddate.
balancesheetaccount(n)~Anaccountthatdescribesthechangesinvaluereportedona
balancesheet.
balancesheettransaction(n)~Apostedledgertransactionthatisassociatedwitha
balanceaccount,assetaccount,orliabilityaccount.
balancedhierarchy(n)~Adimensionhierarchyinwhichallleafnodesarethesame
distancefromtherootnode.
balancedscorecard(n)~Abusiness-orientedscorecardthatconveyskeymetricsrelated
totheserviceandbusinessofprovidingservice.Abalancedscorecardcontainsabalance
ofoperational,financialandqualitydrivenmetrics.
balancedscorecard(n)~Astrategicperformancemanagementreportthataligns,tracks,
andmeasureskeyorganizationactivityagainstobjectives.
balancedscorecardmethodology(n)~Ascorecardsystemthatadherestotheframework
andcomponentsestablishedbytheBalancedScorecardCollaborative.
BallMode(n)~Atypeofthumbnailviewthatallowstheusertonavigatethroughthe
thumbnailsasiftheyweredisplayedaroundasphere;usercanusethedirectionkeysor
mousetorotate’thethumbnails.ThisisanoptionontheView/Thumbnailsmenuofthe
XPSViewer.’
Ballad(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#116.
balloon(n)~Anoutlinedcontainerthatdisplaysamarkupelement,suchasacommentor
revision,inthemarginofadocument.
balloon(n)~Asmallpop-upwindowthatinformsusersofanon-criticalproblemor
specialconditioninacontrol.
balloontip(n)~AToolTipstyledesigntoprovidemessageinformationaboutacontrolor
object.
BAM(PN)~Aservicethatallowsacustomertoviewandmanageaccountandbilling
informationforMicrosoftservicesonline.
BAM(n)~ABizTalkServerfeaturethatgivesbusinessusersareal-timeviewoftheir
heterogeneousbusinessprocesses,enablingthemtomakeimportantbusinessdecisions.
BAMDefinition(n)~AnXMLdocumentthatdescribesbusinessactivitiesandbusiness
views.
BAMEventBusMMC(n)~TheMMCsnap-infortheBAMEventBus.
BAMFramework(n)~AsetofmanagedAPIsthatsupportdynamicallycreated
infrastructureandeventconcentration.
BAML(n)~Abinaryrepresentationoftheobjectsandpropertiesdeclaredinan
ExtensibleApplicationMarkupLanguage(XAML)file.
bananaclip(n)~Oneofthetwopipe(|)charactersthatappearoneachsideofapatternto
indicatethatitisanactivepattern.
BancodoBrasil(PN)~AcommercialbankinBrazil.
band(n)~Theintervalbetweenstatusthresholdsthatdefineaspecificlevelof
performance.Allinputvaluesbetweentheupperandlowerthresholdsorboundariesofa
bandhavethesameindicatorstatusandperformancelevel.
band(n)~Acontainerforlabelandcontrolpairsandforcomplexcontrolssuchasgrids.
banded(adj)~Characterizedbyroworcolumn-specificformatting.Oftendescribesrows
orcolumnsofdatathatusealternatingcolorsorshadingtoenhancereadability.
banding(n)~Theuseofbandstorepresentrangesofperformancebasedonthresholds.
bandingsetting(n)~Asettingthatdefinesthresholds,orboundariesbetweenchangesin
indicatorstatus.
bandwidth(n)~Inanalogcommunications,thedifferencebetweenthehighestandlowest
frequenciesinaspecificrange.Forexample,ananalogtelephonelineaccommodatesa
bandwidthof3,000hertz(Hz),thedifferencebetweenthelowest(300Hz)andhighest
(3,300Hz)
bandwidth(n)~Thedatatransfercapacity,orspeedoftransmission,ofadigital
communicationssystemasmeasuredinbitspersecond(bps).
bandwidth~Ameasureoftotalamountofdatatransferredoveraperiodoftime,often
usedtomeasurehowbusyawebsiteis.A-webhostwillusuallybaseitschargesonthe
bandwidthawebsiteuses,iehowmuchdatapermonthisrequested-fromit.
bandwidthallocationprotocol(n)~APoint-to-PointProtocol(PPP)controlprotocolthat
isusedonamultiprocessingconnectiontodynamicallyaddandremovelinks.
bandwidthshaping~Theprocessofmanipulating,managingorcontrolling(shaping)
portionsofanetworkconnectiontotheoutsideworldanddetermininganallowed
bandwidthconsumptionbasedontypesofactivities.
bandwidththrottling(n)~Theprocessofsettingthemaximumportionoftotalnetwork
capacitythataserviceisallowedtouse.Anadministratorcandeliberatelylimitaservers
Internetworkloadbynotallowingittoreceiverequestsatfullcapacity,thussaving
resourcesforotherprograms,suchase-mail.
bank(n)~Abusinessthatkeepsmoneyforindividualpeopleorcompanies,exchanges
currencies,makesloans,andoffersotherfinancialservices.
bank~Aslotorgroupofslots,usuallyonasystemboard(motherboard),thatare
populatedbymemorymodulesofthesamecapacity.
bank~Aslangtermforgeneralmemoryinacomputer;thememorybank.
bankadvice(n)~Anofficialnoticeofabanktransaction.
bankbalance(n)~Theamountoffundsinabankaccountafteraddingallthedeposits
andsubtractingallthewithdrawalsandcharges.
bankcode(n)~Auniquebankregistrationnumberthatabankusestoidentifyitself.
bankfee(n)~Achargemadebyabankbasedonaccountstatusoractivitysuchas
minimumbalance,overdrafts,ornonsufficientfunds.
bankgironumber(n)~Anaddressthatpointstoabankaccount.
bankpayment(n)~Apaymentforgoodsorservicesthatabankcustomerauthorizesthe
banktomakeonhisbehalf.
bankpaymentorder(n)~Asourcedocumentthatdocumentsarequestforabankto
performanelectronicfundstransferservice.
bankreconciliation(n)~Theprocessofmakingthecashbalanceshownonabank
statementandthecashbalancerecordedforabankaccountmatchasofacertaindate.
bankreconciliation(n)~Apracticeofreconcilingaledgeraccountthatrepresentsabank
accountbymatchingledgeraccountentriestobankstatemententries.
bankremittance(n)~Anamountofmoneysenttoorfromanaccountinabank.
banksortingcode(n)~A6-digitcodeusedbytheBritishandIrishbankingindustriesto
identifybanksandroutemoneytransfersbetweenbanks.
bankstatement(n)~Astatementthatitemizeseconomicactivityrecordedinoneormore
accountsoveraspecifiedperiodoftime.
banktransitnumber(n)~Auniquebankregistrationnumberthatabankusestoidentify
itself.
banker’srounding(n)~Theprocessofroundingafractiontoitsnearesteveninteger.
BankgiroReceivables(n)~AcompletedepositserviceproductfromBankGiroCentrolen,
whichprovidesaccountsreceivableanddeposithandlingsupportfororganizationsthat
useit.
BankGiroCentralen(n)~TheleadingpaymentcompanyinSweden,whichprocesses
paymenttransactionsinasystemcalledBankGirotandisownedbythemajorityofthe
banksthatoperateinSweden.
BankGirot(n)~Anopensystemforexchangingpaymentsbetweensendersandrecipients
ofpaymentsinSweden.
Banking&investments(PN)~ThePersonalFinancesubcategorycontainingappstohelp
peoplewiththeirfinances.
BanksAutomatedClearingSystem(n)~Anautomatedclearinghousesystemfor
electronicfinancialtransactions.
banner(n)~Agraphicadthatspansthefullwidthofthepageandisnormally120pixels
high.
banner(n)~Alarge-formatpublication,typicallywithonedimensionmuchlargerthan
theother,thatisprintedwithasymbol,logo,sloganorothermessage.
banner(n)~Atransientmessagethatcontainsrelevant,time-sensitiveinformationand
thatprovidesquickaccesstothesubjectofthatcontentinanapp.
bannerpage(n)~Thetitlepagethatmaybeaddedtoprintoutsbymostprintspoolers.
SuchapagetypicallyincorporatesaccountIDinformation,joblength,andprintspooler
information,andisusedprimarilytoseparateoneprintjobfromanother.
BAP(n)~APoint-to-PointProtocol(PPP)controlprotocolthatisusedona
multiprocessingconnectiontodynamicallyaddandremovelinks.
BAPI(oth)~Thetechnologythatisusedtointerfacewiththetaxofficeserverfor
submittingelectronictaxdeclarationsintheNetherlands.
BAR(n)~Alistofaddressesthatservesasareferencepointforotheraddresses.
barchart(n)~Agraphthatuseshorizontalbarstoillustratecomparisonsamong
individualdataitems.
barchart(n)~Achartwithrectangularbarswithlengthsproportionaltothevaluesthat
theyrepresent.
barcode(n)~Thespecialidentificationcodeprintedasasetofverticalbarsofdiffering
widthsonbooks,groceryproducts,andothermerchandise.Usedforrapid,error-freeinput
insuchfacilitiesaslibraries,hospitals,andgrocerystores,barcodesrepresentbinary
informationthatcanbereadbyanopticalscanner.Thecodingcanincludenumbers,
letters,oracombinationofthetwo;somecodesincludebuilt-inerrorcheckingandcanbe
readineitherdirection.
barcodereader(n)~Anopticaldevicethatusesalaserbeamtoreadandinterpretbar
codes,suchastheUniversalProductCodes,foundongroceryproductsandotherretail
items.
barcodescanner(n)~Anopticaldevicethatusesalaserbeamtoreadandinterpretbar
codes,suchastheUniversalProductCodes,foundongroceryproductsandotherretail
items.
bargraph(n)~Agraphthatuseshorizontalbarstoillustratecomparisonsamong
individualdataitems.
barofpiechart(n)~Apiechartwithuser-definedvaluesextractedandcombinedintoa
stackedbar.
barpointer(n)~Apointerthatisdisplayedasabar,thatistowhichthebartypehasbeen
applied.
barcode(n)~Thespecialidentificationcodeprintedasasetofverticalbarsofdiffering
widthsonbooks,groceryproducts,andothermerchandise.Usedforrapid,error-freeinput
insuchfacilitiesaslibraries,hospitals,andgrocerystores,barcodesrepresentbinary
informationthatcanbereadbyanopticalscanner.Thecodingcanincludenumbers,
letters,oracombinationofthetwo;somecodesincludebuilt-inerrorcheckingandcanbe
readineitherdirection.
barebones(adj)~Anapplicationthatprovidesonlythemostbasicfunctionsnecessaryto
performagiventask.
bare-metalbackup(n)~Abackupthatincludesallcriticalvolumessothattherecovered
systemisbootable.Itcanoptionallyincludeallthedatavolumessothat,ifarecoveryis
performedtoanewharddisk,thedatavolumesalsogetrestored.Youcanrebuilda
machinefromscratchanditworksonalternatehardwaretoo.
bare-metalcomputer(n)~Acomputerthatdoesnothaveanoperatingsysteminstalled.
bare-metalrecovery(n)~Arecoveryofasystemusingabackupthatcontainscritical
volumesand,optionally,datafilesthatyoucanusetorebuildasystemfromscratchor
rebuildasystemusingalternatehardware.
BargainStocks(PN)~Fast-growingsmall-capstockswithhighdividendsthataregood
buys.
barrelbutton(n)~Abuttononsometabletpens.Youcanuseittoperformcertain
actions,includingamouseright-clickequivalent.
barter(n)~Theexchangeofgoodsandservicesforadvertisingwithouttheexchangeof
cash.Thebartervalueequalsthedollarvalueofthegoodsandservices.Thisisa
recognizedformofrevenueunderGAAP(GenerallyAcceptedAccountingPrinciples).
BAS(n)~ABizTalkServerfeaturethatenablesbusinessuserstoconfigurebusiness
processesandinteractwithtradingpartners.
BAS(n)~AformthatAustralianbusinessesfiletoreportandpaytaxes.
basalmetabolicrate(n)~Theamountofenergythatisneededtosupportthebody’smost
basicfunctionswhenatrest.TheBasalmetabolicrate(orBMR)isthenumberofcalories
apersonneedsperdaytostayalive.
base(n)~Amathematicalobjectthatisthebasisforaderivation,system,orformulation.
base2(n)~Havingtwocomponents,alternatives,oroutcomes.Thebinarynumbersystem
has2asitsbase,sovaluesareexpressedascombinationsoftwodigits,0and1.Thesetwo
digitscanrepresentthelogicalvaluestrueandfalseaswellasnumerals,andtheycanbe
representedinanelectronicdevicebythetwostatesonandoff,recognizedastwovoltage
levels.Therefore,thebinarynumbersystemisattheheartofdigitalcomputing.
Base64encoding(n)~Abinary-to-textencodingschemewherebyanarbitrarysequence
ofbytesisconvertedtoasequenceofprintableASCIIcharacters.
baseaddress(n)~Thepartofatwo-partmemoryaddressthatremainsconstantand
providesareferencepointfromwhichthelocationofabyteofdatacanbecalculated.
baseaddressregister(n)~Alistofaddressesthatservesasareferencepointforother
addresses.
baseamount(n)~Theamountofatransactionbeforetaxes.Taxesarecalculatedonthe
baseamount.
basebackup(n)~Adatabackupofadatabaseorfilesuponwhichadifferentialbackupis
fullyorpartiallybased.Thebasebackupisthemostrecentfullorfilebackupofthe
databaseorfiles.
basecalendar(n)~Atemplatethatcanbeusedasaprojectandtaskcalendartospecify
defaultworkingandnonworkingtimeforasetofresources.
BaseCapacity(n)~Theamountofavailabletimearesourcehastoworkbasedontheir
resourcebasecalendar.Thisisequivalenttothecapacityofthepositiontowhichthe
resourceisassigned.Forexample,aresourceina70%part-timepositionhasaBase
Capacityof.7FTE.Notveryusefulforschedulingbutofmorevalueindeterminingthe
maximumcapacityorcostofanorganization.
basecatalog(n)~Acatalogcontainingproductdatathatisreferencedbyavirtualcatalog.
Basecatalogsarestoredinthecatalogdatabase.
basecharacter(n)~Acharacterthathasmeaningindependentofothercharacters,orany
graphicalcharacterthatisnotadiacriticalmark.
baseclass(n)~Aclassfromwhichotherclassesarederivedbyinheritance.
baseclass(n)~Aclassthatassumesaparentrolewhenitparticipatesinaninheritance
relationshipwithanotherclass.
baseclasslibrary(n)~Alibrarythatcontainsbaseclasses.
basecontenttype(n)~AtypeofdatacontainedinaPKCS#7message.Basecontent
typesonlycontaindata,nocryptographicenhancementssuchashashesorsignatures.
Currently,theonlybasecontenttypeistheDatacontenttype.
basecurrency(n)~Thecurrencyabusinessusestorecordalltransactionsintheir
ledgers,ortheprimarycurrencyinwhichtheytransactwiththeirbank.Thebasecurrency
isalsocommonlyreferredtoasthebillingcurrency,functionalcurrency,orbooking
currencyofabusiness.TheOrderProcessingpipelinealwaysprocessesordersusingthe
basecurrencyoftheWebsite.Thebasecurrencycanbedifferentthanthebuyercurrency
andthesuppliercurrency.Thebasecurrencyisstoredinthebilling_currencyfieldinthe
orderformheader.
basecurrencyunit(n)~Thecomputedcurrencyunitinanexchangeratecalculation.
basedatatype(n)~Anysystem-supplieddatatype,forexample,char,varchar,binary,
andvarbinary.User-defineddatatypesarederivedfrombasedatatypes.
baseentity(n)~Agenericentitythatallotherentitiesinthesysteminheritbase
functionalityfrom.
basefilename(n)~Inalogdefinition,thepartofthelogfilenamethatisthesameforall
ofthelogfilesthatarecreated.Thebasefilenameandatimestampformthecompletelog
filename,forexample,Basefilename_timestamp.log.Thetimestampvaluevaries,
dependingontheselectedlogfilerolloveroption.
BaseFilteringEngine(n)~Aservicethatcoordinatesthefilteringplatformcomponents.
baseforecast(n)~Theestimateofsalesvolumebasedonthesalesvolumefromprevious
timeperiods.
baselanguage(n)~Thelanguageusedfortheinstallationofsoftware.
baselocation(n)~AURLthatyoucanspecifyforaWebpageinordertoconvertall
relativeURLsonthatpagetoabsoluteURLs.
baseobject(n)~Theobjectthatasynonymreferences.
baseperiod(n)~Thereportingperiodspecifiedinthereportdefinition.Thecolumn
definitioncanrefertothebaseperiodinordertospecifyreportcolumnsforrelativetime
periods.Forexample,ifthecolumndefinitionspecifiesBASEinthePeriodcell,thenthe
actualperiodisdefinedatthetimethereportisgenerated.
baserow(n)~Therowofareportthatisusedforpercentagecalculationsinacolumn
definition.
BaseSmartCardCryptographicServiceProvider(n)~Thebasicsoftwaremodulefor
bysmartcardsthatperformscryptographyandincludesalgorithmsforauthentication,
encoding,andencryption.
BaseSmartCardCSP(n)~Thebasicsoftwaremoduleforbysmartcardsthatperforms
cryptographyandincludesalgorithmsforauthentication,encoding,andencryption.
basestyle(n)~Theunderlyingororiginalstyleonwhichotherstylesinadocumentare
dependent.Whenyouchangeaformattingelementofthebasestyleinadocument,all
otherstylesthatoriginatefromthebasestylewillalsoreflectthechange.
basetable(n)~Atablestoredpermanentlyinadatabase.Basetablesarereferencedby
views,cursors,SQLstatements,andstoredprocedures.
basetable(n)~Atablethatassumesaparentrolewhenitparticipatesinaninheritance
relationshipwithanothertable.
basetype(n)~Aparenttypeorsuper-typeintheEntityDataModelfromwhichderived
typesinheritsomeoftheirproperties.
baseunit(n)~Afundamentalunitofmeasureinasystemofmeasurementfromwhich
otherunitsarederived.
baseunit(n)~ASurfacedeveloperunitthathasmetalpanels,withtheI/Oconnections
exposedononeendoftheunit.Incontrast,afinishedunithasacrylicsideandendpanels.
baseURL(n)~AURLthatyoucanspecifyforaWebpageinordertoconvertallrelative
URLsonthatpagetoabsoluteURLs.
baseyear(n)~Thereportingperiodthatisspecifiedinthereportdefinition,displayedas
years.Thecolumndefinitioncanrefertothebaseyeartospecifyreportcolumnsfor
relativetimeperiods.
baseband(n)~Oforrelatingtocommunicationssystemsinwhichthemediumof
transmission(suchasawireorfiber-opticcable)carriesasinglemessageatatimein
digitalform.BasebandcommunicationisfoundinlocalareanetworkssuchasEthernet
andTokenRing.
baseboardmanagementcontroller(n)~Aspecializedserviceprocessorthatmonitors
thephysicalstateofacomputer,networkserverorotherhardwaredeviceusingsensors
andcommunicatingwiththesystemadministratorthroughanindependentconnection.
TheBMCispartoftheIntelligentPlatformManagementInterface(IPMI)andisusually
containedinthemotherboardormaincircuitboardofthedevicetobemonitored.
BasedonLocation…(Adverb)~AnitemontheCallForwardingOnmenu,whichis
openedfromtheuser’sMyStatusmenu.Thisitemautomaticallyforwardsincomingcalls
basedontheuser’scurrentlocation.
baseline(n)~Theoriginalplanforaproject,aworkpackage,oranactivity.
baseline(n)~Arangeofmeasurementsderivedfromperformancemonitoringthat
representsacceptableperformanceundertypicaloperatingconditions.
baselinecost(n)~Theoriginalproject,resource,andassignmentcostasshowninthe
baselineplan.Thebaselinecostisasnapshotofthecostatthetimewhenthebaselineplan
wassaved.
baselineDC(n)~AdomaincontrollerusedasthecontrolforGroupPolicyObject(GPO)
replicationwithinthatdomaintowhichallGPOcontentiscompared.
baselinedomaincontroller(n)~AdomaincontrollerusedasthecontrolforGroupPolicy
Object(GPO)replicationwithinthatdomaintowhichallGPOcontentiscompared.
baselineguide(n)~Alayoutguidetowhichlinesoftextcanbealignedtoprovidea
uniformappearancebetweencolumnsoftext.
baselineplan(n)~Theoriginalprojectplans[upto11perproject]usedtotrackprogress
onaproject.Thebaselineplanisasnapshotofyourscheduleatthetimethatyousavethe
baselineandincludesinformationabouttasks,resources,andassignments.
Basic(adj)~AnAzureWebsitehostingtier,usedforpricingcalculation.
BasicApplicationGateway(Large)(n)~AbillingmeterfortheBasicApplication
GatewayserviceinAzurebasedonlongusagetime.
BasicApplicationGateway(Medium)(n)~AbillingmeterfortheBasicApplication
GatewayserviceinAzurebasedonmid-sizedusagetime.
BasicApplicationGateway(Small)(n)~AbillingmeterfortheBasicApplication
GatewayserviceinAzurebasedonshortusagetime.
Basicauthentication(n)~Anauthenticationmechanismthatissupportedbymost
browsers,includingInternetExplorer,andencodes(butdoesnotencrypt)usernameand
passworddatabeforetransmittingitoverthenetwork.
BasicBatch(n)~TheBasictierfortheMicrosoftAzureservicethatenableslarge
amountsofdiscrete,compute-intensivebatchesoftaskstobeeasilyexecutedinAzure.
Typicalworkloadsincludemediatranscoding,rendering,testsuiteexecution,simulations,
imageanalysis,andfileprocessing.
BasicBendingProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogressionor
sequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow.Maximizesbothhorizontalandvertical
displayspaceforshapes.
BasicBizTalkunit(n)~Aunitofmeasureforthecomputecapacityandmemoryusedby
theBasictierofMicrosoftAzureBizTalkServices.
BasicBlockList(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshownon-sequentialor
groupedblocksofinformation.Maximizesbothhorizontalandverticaldisplayspacefor
shapes.
basiccalibration(n)~Thecalibrationprocesstocapturetheblankreferenceimageand
whitereferenceimageforaSurfaceunit.
BasicChevronProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogression;a
timeline;sequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow;ortoemphasizemovementor
direction.Level1textappearsinsideanarrowshapewhileLevel2textappearsbelowthe
arrowshapes.
BasicColumns(n)~Agroupingofcolumnheadingsonareport.
basicconstraint(n)~Aconstraintusedtoensurethatacertificateisonlyusedincertain
applications.
BasicCycle(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtorepresentacontinuingsequenceof
stages,tasks,oreventsinacircularflow.Emphasizesthestagesorstepsratherthanthe
connectingarrowsorflow.WorksbestwithLevel1textonly.
basicdisk(n)~AphysicaldiskthatcanbeaccessedbyMS-DOSandallWindows-based
operatingsystems.Basicdiskscancontainuptofourprimarypartitions,orthreeprimary
partitionsandanextendedpartitionwithmultiplelogicaldrives.
BasicEventHubs(n)~TheBasictierofthefeatureinServiceBusthatprovideslargescaleingestion,persistenceandprocessingofdataeventsfromhigh-throughputdata
sourcesand/ormillionsofdevices.Theingestedeventsarestoreddurablyuntilthe
requiredretentionperiodexpires.
BasicFirewall(n)~AcomponentoftheRoutingandRemoteAccessservicethat
combinesdynamicpacketfilteringofnetworktrafficwithasetofstaticpacketfilters.
basichuntgroup(n)~Thesimplestworkflowwhichhuntsoneormoreagentsusingany
administrator-definedagentselectionalgorithmandsupportsoverflowingbasedontimein
queueorcallvolume.
basicinput/outputsystem(n)~Thesetofessentialsoftwareroutinesthattestcomputer
hardwareatstartup,starttheoperatingsystem,andsupportthetransferofinformation
betweenhardwaredevices.TheBIOSisstoredinread-onlymemory(ROM)sothatitcan
berunwhenthecomputeristurnedon.Althoughcriticaltoperformance,theBIOSis
usuallyinvisibletocomputerusers.
BasicLargeAppServiceHours(n)~AnewnameforLargeBasicWebsitesHours,a
billingmeterfortheMicrosoftAzureWebSitesservicebasedonlongusagetime.
basiclogging(n)~Atypeofloggingavailabletocaptureinformationaboutmailbox
searchesthatincludesinformationaboutthesearchandwhoperformedit.
basicmarkermap(n)~Amapthatdisplaysamarkerateachlocation(forexample,
cities)andvariesmarkercolor,size,andtype.
BasicMatrix(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowtherelationshipof
componentstoawholeinquadrants.ThefirstfourlinesofLevel1textappearinthe
quadrants.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyouswitchlayouts.
BasicMediumAppServiceHours(n)~AnewnameforMediumBasicWebsitesHours,
abillingmeterfortheMicrosoftAzureWebSitesservicebasedonmid-sizedusagetime.
basicmembership(n)~Themembershipstatusthatconfigurestheanti-malware
applicationtosendbasicinformationtoMicrosoftaboutsoftwarethatWindowsIntune
EndpointProtectiondetects.
BasicMobileServicesunit(n)~AunitofmeasurefortheBasictieroftheMicrosoft
AzureMobileServicesservice.
BasicNotificationHubunit(n)~AunitofmeasurefortheBasictieroftheMicrosoft
AzureNotificationHubsservice.
BasicNotificationHubs(n)~heBasictierofthehighlyscalable,cross-platformpush
notificationinfrastructurethatenablesuserstoeitherbroadcastpushnotificationsto
millionsofusersatonceortailornotificationstoindividualusers.
basicpage(n)~AWebPartspagethatcontainsonlyoneWebPartzoneand,bydefault,a
ContentEditorWebPart.
BasicPie(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowhowindividualpartsforma
whole.ThefirstsevenlinesofLevel1textcorrespondtotheevenlydistributedwedgeor
pieshapes.ThetopLevel1textshapeappearsoutsideoftherestofthepieforemphasis.
Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyouswitchlayouts.
BasicProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogressionorsequential
stepsinatask,process,orworkflow.
BasicPyramid(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowproportional,
interconnected,orhierarchicalrelationshipswiththelargestcomponentonthebottomand
narrowingup.Level1textappearsinthepyramidsegmentsandLevel2textappearsin
shapesalongsideeachsegment.
BasicRadial(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowtherelationshiptoacentral
ideainacycle.ThefirstlineofLevel1textcorrespondstothecentralshape,anditsLevel
2textcorrespondstothesurroundingcircularshapes.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,but
remainsavailableifyouswitchlayouts.
BasicSmallAppServiceHours(n)~AnewnameforSmallBasicWebsitesHours,a
billingmeterfortheMicrosoftAzureWebSitesservicebasedonshortusagetime.
basicstorage(n)~AstoragemethodinMS-DOSandWindowsforprimarypartitions,
extendedpartitions,andlogicaldrives.
BasicTarget(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowcontainment,gradations,or
hierarchicalrelationships.ThefirstfivelinesofLevel1textareassociatedwithacircle.
Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyouswitchlayouts.
BasicTimeline(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowsequentialstepsinatask,
process,orworkflow,ortoshowtimelineinformation.WorkswellwithbothLevel1and
Level2text.
BasicTitle(n)~AtitleanimationinWindowsMovieMaker.
Basicuser(n)~AunitofmeasureforusersoftheVisualStudioOnlineBasicservice
offering.
BasicVenn(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowoverlappingorinterconnected
relationships.ThefirstsevenlinesofLevel1textcorrespondwithacircle.Ifthereare
fourorfewerlinesofLevel1text,thetextisinsidethecircles.Iftherearemorethanfour
linesofLevel1text,thetextisoutsideofthecircles.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,but
remainsavailableifyouswitchlayouts.
BasicVMSupporthour(n)~AunitofmeasureoftimefortheBasiclevelofsupportfor
avirtualmachine.
basicvolume(n)~Aprimarypartitionorlogicaldrivethatresidesonabasicdisk.
Basics(PN)~ThepartofaYammerprofilethatshowsauser’sfirstandlastname,email
address,andphotograph.
basket(n)~AlistofitemsthatacustomerhasselectedtopurchasefromacommerceWeb
site.Itisusuallycompiledintoafileandsometimesvisuallyrepresentedbyashopping
basket,shoppingcart,orothercontainerusedwhenshopping.
batch(n)~Asetofrequestsortransactionsthathavebeengroupedtogether.
batch(n)~Aquantityofoneormoreitemsproducedinoneoperation.
Batch(PN)~AMicrosoftAzureservicethatenableslargeamountsofdiscrete,computeintensivebatchesoftaskstobeeasilyexecutedinAzure.Typicalworkloadsincludemedia
transcoding,rendering,testsuiteexecution,simulations,imageanalysis,andfile
processing.
Batchaccount(n)~AuniquelyidentifiedentitywithintheBatchservice.
batchattribute(n)~Aproductattributeofaprocessbatchoratransferbatch.
batchbalancing(n)~Aprocessthatadjuststherequiredquantitiesofingredientsthatare
usedintheproductionofaformulabasedonthelevelofpotencyofactiveingredientofa
specificinventorybatch.
batchfile(n)~AnASCII(unformattedtext)filethatcontainsoneormoreoperating
systemcommands.Abatchprogram’sfilenamehasa.cmdor.batextension.Whenyou
typethefilenameatthecommandprompt,orwhenthebatchprogramisrunfromanother
program,itscommandsareprocessedsequentially.
batchgroup(n)~Agroupofbatchjobs.Anadministratorcandeterminewhich
applicationobjectserver(AOS)runsthejobs,andhowmanyjobsanAOSruns.
batchjob(n)~Asetofcomputerprocessesthatcanberunwithoutuserinteraction.
batchprocess(n)~Aproductionprocessforproducingitemsinbatches.
batchprocessing(n)~Theexecutionofabatchfile.
batchprogram(n)~AnASCII(unformattedtext)filethatcontainsoneormoreoperating
systemcommands.Abatchprogram’sfilenamehasa.cmdor.batextension.Whenyou
typethefilenameatthecommandprompt,orwhenthebatchprogramisrunfromanother
program,itscommandsareprocessedsequentially.
batchrename(n)~Afeaturethatenablestheusertorenamemanyfilesatonce.
batchscript(n)~Ascriptthatconsistsofthecommandscontainedinabatchfile.
batchtask(n)~Oneofasetoftasksthatmakeupabatchjob.Thetaskswithinabatch
jobmayhavecomplexdependenciesbetweenthem.
batchupdate(n)~Anupdatethatprocessesmultipledatabaserecordsinasingle
operation.
batching(n)~Theprocessofsendingchangesinsmallgroupsinsteadofinaone-shot
transferofthedatainitsentirety.
battery(n)~Apowersourceforaportabledevice.
batterycharge(n)~Theamountofbatterypowerleftonthesystem.
batterylevel(n)~Theamountofbatterypowerleftonthesystem.
batterylife(n)~Thetimeforwhichadryoralkalinecellisabletoproduceanelectric
currentbeforeitneedstobereplaced.
batterylife(n)~Thetimeforwhichthecell(s)inarechargeablebatterycanproducean
electriccurrentbeforethebatteryneedstoberecharged.
BatterySaver(PN)~Afeaturetohelpmonitorandsaveonbatteryusage.
batterysaver(PN)~Afeaturetohelpmonitorandsaveonbatteryusage.
battery-friendlymaintenance(n)~AfeaturethatenablesITprofessionalstowake
mobilesystemsforservicingbyusingatimerthatactivatesonlywhenthecomputeris
pluggedin.Usingthisfeature,Windowsrunsmaintenanceonlyifthecomputerisusing
ACpower.
baud(n)~Thespeedatwhichamodemtransmitsdata.
baudrate(n)~Thespeedatwhichamodemcantransmitdata,measuredbythenumber
ofevents,orsignalchanges,thatoccurinonesecond.
BaudRate~Thespeedatwhichamodemsendsandreceivesdata,e.g.,2400bps,9600
bps.Onebaudisroughlyequivalenttoonebitpersecond.
BayesianGraphicalModel(n)~Aprobabilisticmethodofmodelingforriskanalysisto
measureandreduceuncertainty.
BBBOnLine(n)~AprivacysealprogramestablishedbytheBetterBusinessBureau
whichcertifiesthatcertainWebsitesconformtobaselineprivacystandards.Microsoftisa
sponsorofBBBOnLine.
BBFC12+(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGaming
Information(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
BBFC15+(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheBritishBoardofFilm
Classification(BBFC).
BBFC18+(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbythePanEuropeanGaming
Information(PEGI)andtheBritishBoardofFilmClassification(BBFC).
BBFCR18+(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheBritishBoardofFilm
Classification(BBFC).
BBS(n)~Anapplicationorcomputerthatmakesitpossibletojoinanonlinecommunity
andexchangemessages,sharefiles,andparticipateinUsenetandchatrooms,oftenatnot
cost.TheBBSfounditsinspirationintraditionalbulletinboardsthatheldparticipants’
postedcommunication.
Bccline(n)~TextboxlocatedontheComposepage.Providesspaceforuserstotypethe
e-mailaddress(es)ofthosewhowillbetheblind’recipient(s)ofane-mailmessage.
Derivesfromthetermblindcarboncopy.Note!Primaryrecipients(thoseontheToline)
andsecondaryrecipients(thoseontheCcline)willnotseethenamesande-mail
addressesofthoseontheBccline.’
BCD(n)~Adatastorethatcontainsbootconfigurationparametersandcontrolshowthe
operatingsystemisstartedbeginningwithWindowsVistaorWindowsServer2008.
BCDobject(n)~Acollectionofelementsthatdescribesthesettingsfortheobjectthatare
usedduringthebootprocess.Therearethreemaintypesofobjects:application,device,
andinherited.
BCG(n)~Aserumagainsttuberculosisthatispreparedfromastrainoftheweakenedlive
bovinetuberculosisbacillusandusedforvaccinationagainsttuberculosisandalsoin
cancerchemotherapy.
BCP(n)~AcommandpromptbulkcopyutilitythatcopiesSQLServerdatatoorfroman
operatingsystemfileinauser-specifiedformat.
BCSsolutiondeployment(n)~BCSservertoclientsolutiondeploymentthatisbasedon
ClickOncetechnology.
BCWP(n)~Theearnedvaluefieldthatindicateshowmuchofthetask’sbudgetshould
havebeenspent,giventheactualdurationofthetask.
BCWS(n)~Theearnedvaluefieldthatshowshowmuchofthebudgetshouldhavebeen
spent,inviewofthebaselinecostofthetask,assignment,orresource.BCWSis
calculatedasthecumulativetimephasedbaselinecostsuptothestatusdateortoday’s
date.
BDCAdministrationobjectmodel(n)~Anobjectmodelthatletsyou-create,read,
update,anddeletemetadataobjectsintheBDCMetadataStore.
BDCClientRuntime(PN)~AsetofservicesandfunctionsthatusesBusiness
ConnectivityServicesontheclientcomputertoconnecttoandexecuteoperationson
externaldatasourcesforrichclientaccess.
BDCMetadataStore(PN)~ThecollectionofXMLfiles,storedintheBusinessData
ConnectivityService,thatcontaindefinitionsofmodels,externalcontenttypes,and
externaldatasources.
BDCmodel(n)~AnXMLfilethatcontainssetsofdescriptionsofoneormoreexternal
contenttypes,theirrelatedexternaldatasources,andinformationthatisspecifictothe
environment,suchasauthenticationproperties.
BDCpublishing(n)~TheprocessofsimultanouslyimportingallDuetBDCmodels.
BDCRuntimeobjectmodel(n)~AnobjectmodeldesignedforusebyBDCclientsand
applicationsthatprovidesanintuitive,object-orientedinterfacethatabstractsthe
underlyingdatasources.
BDCServiceApplication(n)~AdeployedinstanceoftheBusinessDataConnectivity
SharedService.
BDCServiceApplicationProxy(PN)~AnapplicationproxythatallowsWeb
applicationstoconnecttoaBusinessDataConnectivitySharedServiceApplicationand
containsfeaturesforusingthesharedservice.
BeRightBack(PN)~Anitemontheuser’sMyStatusmenuthatcanbeselectedto
indicatethattheuserisawayfromthecomputerbutwillreturnshortly.
beacon(n)~Asnippetofsoftwareplacedinanadvertisementore-mailmessage,orona
WebpagetohelpmeasuredeliveryoftheitemtoaWebbrowserandtotrackauser’s
actionsingeneral.
beacon(n)~AsignalthattellsyourXboxLiveandFacebookfriendsthatyouwantto
playaparticulargame,andnotifiesyouwhenfriendsareplayingorwanttoplaythat
game.
beam(v)~Totransferinformationbetweenmobiledevicesoradeviceanddesktop
computerusinginfrared(IR)orBluetooth.
bearerchannel(n)~Oneofthe64Kbpscommunicationschannelsthatcarrydataonan
ISDNcircuit.ABRI(BasicRateInterface)ISDNlinehastwoBchannelsandoneD
(data)channel.APRI(PrimaryRateInterface)ISDNlinehas23Bchannels(inNorth
America)or30Bchannels(inEurope)andoneDchannel.
Beat(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#135.
beat-‘em-up~Acomputergameinwhichyoucontroloneormorecharactersfighting
onscreenusingkarate,kung-fuandsoforth.Derivesfrom-shoot-‘em-up.
beatsperminute(n)~Thenumberofheartbeatsperminute.
Bebob(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#85.
beforeevent(n)~Asynchronouseventwhosehandlerrunscompletelybeforetheaction
thatraisedtheeventstarts.
begindate(n)~Thedatewhenaprojectortaskisscheduledtobegin.
beginpoint(n)~Theselectionhandleatthebeginningofaone-dimensional(1-D)shape.
ThebeginpointismarkedbyanX.
begintime(n)~Thetimeatwhichananimationtimelineshouldbegin,relativetoits
parent’sBeginTime.Ifthistimelineisaroottimeline,thetimeisrelativetoitsinteractive
begintime(themomentatwhichthetimelinewastriggered).
beginpoint(n)~AproviderinaWebPartconnectionthatsendsdatatoconsumers,used
inconnectionsforPerformancePointWebParts.
behavior(n)~Acomponentthatcontrolsvariousrun-timeaspectsofaservice,an
endpoint,aparticularoperation,oraclient.Behaviorsaregroupedaccordingtoscope:
commonbehaviorsaffectallendpointsglobally,servicebehaviorsaffectonlyservicerelatedaspects,endpointbehaviorsaffectonlyendpoint-relatedproperties,andoperationlevelbehaviorsaffectparticularoperations.
behaviorextensionelement(v)~AnXMLelementinaconfigurationfilethatallowsyou
toconfigureaservicebehavior.
behavioralanalysis(n)~Functionsthatenableuserstotracktheonlineactivityof
prospects,customers,andalltypesofInternetusers.
behaviors(n)~Reusablecomponentsthatencapsulateinteractivebehaviorandcanbe
appliedtoobjectsinanapplication.Abehaviormaycontainsomestate,andmayexpose
oneormorecommands.
Belastingdienst(n)~TheDutchTaxOffice.
Belastingdienstapplicationprogramminginterface(n)~Thetechnologythatisusedto
interfacewiththetaxofficeserverforsubmittingelectronictaxdeclarationsinthe
Netherlands.
bellcontour(n)~Acontourthatfollowsthegeneralshapeofabellcurve.
benchmark(n)~Aquantitativemeasureofperformancethatisusedtocomparethe
company’sproducts,services,orprocessestoanexternalstandard.Competitive
benchmarksarebasedonindustrybest,andprocessbenchmarksarebasedonbestinclass.
benchmark/benchmarking~acomputerprogramusedtotesttheperformanceofa
computerorapieceofsoftware.
benchmark/benchmarking~Measuringperformancequalities(suchasefficiencyor
spending)ofenterpriseorganizationsorprocesses(suchIS)againstcomparative
benchmarks.
BendingPictureAccentList(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshownonsequentialorgroupedblocksofinformation.Thesmallcircularshapesaredesignedto
containpictures.WorkswellforillustratingbothLevel1andLevel2text.Maximizes
bothhorizontalandverticaldisplayspaceforshapes.
beneficiary(n)~Apersonwhoisamemberofanorganizationthatprovidesbenefits,ora
partywhoisdesignatedastherecipientabenefit.
beneficiarycorrespondentaccount(n)~A20-digitnumberusedtoidentifyaCentral
BankofRussianFederationaccountneededtofacilitateinternationaltransactions.
beneficiaryINN(n)~A10-12digitnumberusedtoidentifyindividualandorganizational
taxpayersintheRussianFederationreceivingfundsthroughaninternationaltransaction.
beneficiaryKPP(n)~AnumericalcodeusedincombinationwithabeneficiaryINNto
identifyandcategorizeataxpayeridentityintheRussianFederation.
beneficiaryRUT(n)~An8or9-digitnumberissuedtoallindividualsandorganizations
inChileforidentificationandtaxationpurposesduringaninternationalfinancial
transaction.
benefit(n)~Indirectcompensationorrewardofferedbyanorganization.
Benefit/deductions(PN)~AUIelementthatallowsausertospecifythetypeofchargeor
servicethatispaidforbytheemployee,bytheemployer,orbyboththeemployeeand
employer.Benefit/deductionspaidbyanemployerarecalculatedduringthepayment
processandthencapturedforreportingandremittancepurposes.
BerkeleyInternetNameDomain(n)~AnimplementationofDomainNameSystem
(DNS)writtenandportedtomostavailableversionsoftheUNIXoperatingsystem.The
InternetSoftwareConsortiummaintainstheBINDsoftware.
BerkeleySoftwareDistribution(n)~AUNIXversiondevelopedattheUniversityof
CaliforniaatBerkeley,providingadditionalcapabilitiessuchasnetworking,extra
peripheralsupport,anduseofextendedfilenames.BSDUNIXwasinstrumentalin
gainingwidespreadacceptanceofUNIXandingettingacademicinstitutionsconnectedto
theInternet.BSDUNIXisnowbeingdevelopedbyBerkeleySoftwareDesign,Inc.
Besselfunction(n)~Aworksheetfunctionthatcanbeusedtoperformengineering
calculationsinExcel.
bestbeforedate(n)~Arecommendeddateforobtainingtheoptimumqualityor
characteristicofaproduct.
bestbeforeperiod(n)~Thetimeperiodinwhichtoobtaintheoptimumqualityor
characteristicofaproduct.
BestBet(PN)~Contentorlinksthatanadministratorassociateswithspecifickeywords,
andthataredisplayedprominentlyinsearchresultswhenaquerycontainsoneofthose
keywords.
BestBetSuggestionsreport(n)~AWebanalyticsreportthatidentifiestermsthatshould
becomeBestBets.
BestBetUsagereport(n)~AWebanalyticsreportthatidentifiestheBestBettermsand
howtheyareutilizedbythesystem.
bestpractice(n)~Apracticerecognizedandadvocatedasaneffectiveorefficientmeans
ofachievingdesiredobjectives.
bestpractice~Agroupoftasksthatoptimizestheefficiencyoreffectivenessofthe
businessdisciplineorprocesstowhichitcontributes.Bestpracticesaregenerally
adaptableandreplicableacrosssimilarorganizationsorenterprises.
bestpracticerule(n)~ArulethatisoptionallyenforcedaftercompilationinX++.The
rulesrepresentsafeorconsistentcodedesign.
BestPracticesAnalyzer(PN)~Atoolwhichexaminesasystemconfigurationandthe
settingsagainstasetofpre-definedrulestogeneratealistofissuesoutlininganybest
practiceviolationsitfinds.
Bestrated(PN)~Thecategorythatliststhehighestrateditems(appsorgames)atagiven
pointintime.
BestRatedApps(PN)~Thecategorythatliststhehighestrateditems(appsorgames)at
agivenpointintime.
Bestratedapps(PN)~Thecategorythatliststhehighestrateditems(appsorgames)ata
givenpointintime.
BestRatedGames(PN)~Thecategorythatliststhehighestrateditems(appsorgames)
atagivenpointintime.
Bestratedgames(PN)~Thecategorythatliststhehighestrateditems(appsorgames)at
agivenpointintime.
best-effort~Describesanetworksystemthatdoesnotuseasophisticated
acknowledgmentsystemtoguaranteereliabledeliveryofinformation.
beta(adj)~Oforrelatingtosoftwareorhardwarethatisabeta.
beta~Softwarethat’sstillinthetestingstagenotquitereadyforwiderelease.Duringa
betatestusersreportbugsbacktothedevelopers.
bevel(n)~Athree-dimensionaledgeeffectthatisappliedtotheborderofanobject.
beveljoin(n)~Thejoinstylewheretwolinesjoinatananglecreatingastraightedge
cuttingoffthecorner.
Beziercurve(n)~Acurvethatiscalculatedmathematicallytoconnectseparatepoints
intosmooth,free-formcurvesandsurfacesofthetypeneededforillustrationprograms
andCADmodels.Beziercurvesneedonlyafewcontrolpointstodefinealargenumber
ofshapes—hencetheirusefulnessoverothermathematicalmethodsforapproximatinga
givenshape.
Bezierpath(n)~Avectorpathdefinedbyanchorpointsandpathsegmentsbetweenthose
points.
Bezierspline(n)~Asplinedefinedbyfourpoints:astartpoint,twocontrolpointsthat
influencethecurves,andanendpoint.
BFE(n)~Aservicethatcoordinatesthefilteringplatformcomponents.
b-frame(n)~InMPEGandWMVencoding,aframethatcontainsonlythedifferences
fromtheframeprecedingitandtheframefollowingit.
BGMax(n)~ThepaymentimportfileformatusedbytheBankgiroReceivablesproduct.
BGC(oth)~TheleadingpaymentcompanyinSweden,whichprocessespayment
transactionsinasystemcalledBankGirotandisownedbythemajorityofthebanksthat
operateinSweden.
BGM(n)~Aprobabilisticmethodofmodelingforriskanalysistomeasureandreduce
uncertainty.
BGPpeer(n)~ApeerconnectedtootherpeersontheBorderGatewayProtocollevel.
BGPpeering(n)~TheprocessofrouteexchangebetweenpeersviatheBorderGateway
Protocol.
BHO(n)~Anin-processComponentObjectModel(COM)componentthatInternet
Explorerwillloadeachtimeitstarts;itrunsinthesamememorycontextasthebrowser
andcanperformactionsontheavailablewindowsandmodules.
bias(n)~Inmathematics,anindicationoftheamountbywhichtheaverageofagroupof
valuesdeviatesfromareferencevalue.
bicubic(adj)~Arenderingmethodusedtomapasourceimagetoatargetimage.This
methodusestheweightedaverageofthesixteennearestsourcepixelstodefineatarget
pixel.
bicubicfiltering(adj)~Arenderingmethodusedtomapasourceimagetoatargetimage.
Thismethodusestheweightedaverageofthesixteennearestsourcepixelstodefinea
targetpixel.
bid(n)~Thepriceatwhichabuyerhasofferedtopurchaseanitem.
bid~Anattempttogaincontroloveralineinordertotransmitdata.Usuallyassociated
withcontentionstyleofsharingasinglelineamongseveralterminals.
biddedkeyword(n)~Insearchadvertising,thesearchtermthatyoubidontomakeyour
adappearonthecorrespondingsearchresultspage.
bidi(adj)~Pertainingtoamixtureofcharactersthatarereadfromlefttorightand
charactersthatarereadfromrighttoleft.
bidirectional(adj)~Pertainingtoamixtureofcharactersthatarereadfromlefttoright
andcharactersthatarereadfromrighttoleft.
bidirectionalprediction(n)~Acompressiontechniqueinwhichsomeimagesare
predictedfromthepictureimmediatelyprecedingandfollowingtheimage.
bidirectionalpredictiveframe(n)~InMPEGandWMVencoding,aframethatcontains
onlythedifferencesfromtheframeprecedingitandtheframefollowingit.
bidirectionalsupport(n)~Theabilityforaprintertosupportbidirectionalprinting.
bifurcation(n)~Theactofsplittingasinglecopyofamessagetomultiplecopiesofthe
message.
BigBand(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#96.
BigBlue~AslangnameforIBM.BlueisIBM’scorporatecolor.
bigendian(adj)~Pertainingtoaprocessormemoryarchitecturethatstoresnumbersso
thatthemostsignificantbyteisplacedfirst.
bigint(n)~Anintegerdatatypewithavaluefrom-2^63(-9223372036854775808)
through2^63-1(9223372036854775807).
BIK(n)~Aseriesof9digitsusedtoidentifyRussianFederationbanksforrouting
transactions.
Bilevel~Atypeofimagecontainingonlyblackandwhitepixels.
bilinear(n)~Arenderingmethodusedtomapasourceimagetoatargetimage.This
methodusestheweightedaverageofthefournearestsourcepixelstodefineatargetpixel.
bilinearfiltering(n)~Arenderingmethodusedtomapasourceimagetoatargetimage.
Thismethodusestheweightedaverageofthefournearestsourcepixelstodefineatarget
pixel.
bilingualglossary(n)~Analphabeticallistoftechnicaltermsinsomespecializedfieldof
knowledgethatincludestermsintwolanguages.
bill(n)~Arequestforpaymentforproductsand/orservicessold.
billofexchange(n)~Asourcedocumentthatdocumentsanunconditionalrequestfora
third-partytopayasecondpartyondemand.
billoflading(n)~Abusinessdocumentissuedbyacarriertoashipperthatservesasthe
documentoftitle.
billofmaterialversion(n)~Aspecificconfigurationofabillofmaterial(BOM)to
includeanitem.AnitemcanbeassociatedwithanumberofBOMversions.
billofmaterials(n)~Alistofthecomponentsandsubassembliesneededtobuildoneunit
ofaproduct.Abillofmaterialsalsoshowsquantitiesforeachcomponent.
billofmaterials(n)~Alistofproductsandtheirquantitiesthatarerequiredtoproduce
oneproduct.
billofmaterialsexplosion(n)~Theprocessofidentifyingthecomponents,andtheir
quantities,thatarerequiredtoproduceanitem.
billofmaterialsitem(n)~Anitemizedproductdefinedbyabillofmaterials.
billabletime(n)~Anamountoftimeinwhichworkorataskisperformed.A
client/customercanbechargedforthetimespentperformingthetask.
billfold(n)~Apapersizeof95.25mmx171.45mm.
Billing(n)~AbuttonorotherUIelementthatlinkstobilling-relatedinformation.
Billing(PN)~Anavigationbaritemthatlinkstobilling-relatedinformation.
billing(n)~Pertainingtoarequestforpayment.
billingaccount(n)~Anaccountwherecustomersmanagetheirpayments,dues,
invoicing,andcontactinformationforpaidMicrosoftservices.Theseaccountsare
managedontheBillingandAccountManagementwebsite.
billingaddress(n)~Theaddresstowhichtheinvoiceforproductsorderedshouldbesent.
billingaddressinformation(n)~Thecompletesetofbill-toaddressinformationthat
makesupthefullpostaladdress.
billingadministrator(n)~AMicrosoftOnlineServicesadministratorwhocanmake
purchases,managesubscriptions,managesupporttickets,andmonitorserviceshealth.
billingclassification(n)~Apaymentrequestclassifierdocumentedoncustomerinvoices
thatgovernpaymenttermsandconditionsandtheprocessingoftheinvoices.
billingfrequency(n)~Thefrequencythatabillingcyclewillbeusedtocreatebilling
invoicesforacustomer.
billinginformation(n)~Information,suchasname,billingaddress,andpayment
method,relatedtopayingforaccountservices.
BillingManager(n)~AbuttonorotherUIelementthatlinkstobilling-related
information.
billion(n)~InAmericanusage(asisusualwithmicrocomputers),athousandmillion,or
109.Computerterminologyusestheprefixesgiga-for1billionandnano-for1billionth.
bill-toaddress(n)~Theaddresstowhichtheinvoiceforproductsorderedshouldbesent.
bin(n)~Ahandlingunitforstoringandtransferringitems.
BIN2(PN)~Thesuffixforcollationnamesthatimplementthecode-pointcollation
semantics.
binary(adj)~Havingtwocomponents,alternatives,oroutcomes.Thebinarynumber
systemhas2asitsbase,sovaluesareexpressedascombinationsoftwodigits,0and1.
Thesetwodigitscanrepresentthelogicalvaluestrueandfalseaswellasnumerals,and
theycanberepresentedinanelectronicdevicebythetwostatesonandoff,recognizedas
twovoltagelevels.Therefore,thebinarynumbersystemisattheheartofdigital
computing.
binary(n)~Afixed-lengthdatatypewithamaximumlengthof8,000bytesofbinary
data.
Binary~Anumberingsystemwithonlytwovalues:0(zero)and1(one).
BinaryApplicationMarkupLanguage(n)~Abinaryrepresentationoftheobjectsand
propertiesdeclaredinanExtensibleApplicationMarkupLanguage(XAML)file.
binaryassociation(n)~Inastaticstructurediagram,arelationshipbetweenexactlytwo
classes.Youcanaddnameandstereotypepropertiestoabinaryassociation.Thepoint
whereabinaryassociationconnectstoaclassisanassociationendorrole.
binarybehavior(n)~AcomponentattachedtoHTMLelementswhichencapsulate
specificfunctionality.
binarycollation(n)~Acollationwheredataissortedbasedonthesequenceofcoded
valuesdefinedbythelocaleanddatatype.
binarydeltareplication(n)~AConfigurationManagerprocessthatcopies-onlythe
changedportionsofapackageorcontent-fileratherthantheentirefilewhenanupdate
hasbeenmade.
binarydigit(n)~Thesmallestunitofinformationhandledbyacomputerordevice.One
bitexpressesa1ora0inabinarynumeral,oratrueorfalselogicalcondition.Agroupof
8bitsmakesupabyte,whichcanrepresentmanytypesofinformation,suchasaletterof
thealphabet,adecimaldigit,orothercharacter.
binaryfile(n)~Afilethatcontainsencodedinformationthatisinterpretedaccordingto
theapplicationthatcreatedit.Ingeneral,abinaryfilecanbeeditedonlybythe
applicationinwhichitwascreated.
binarylargeobject(n)~Adiscretepacketofbinarydatathathasanexceptionallylarge
size,suchaspicturesoraudiotracksstoredasdigitaldata,oranyvariableortablecolumn
largeenoughtoholdsuchvalues.Thedesignationbinarylargeobject’typicallyreferstoa
packetofdatathatisstoredinadatabaseandistreatedasasequenceofuninterpreted
bytes.’
binarynotation(n)~Representationofnumbersusingthebinarydigits,0and1.
binarynumber(n)~Anumberexpressedinbinaryform,orbase.
binaryplanting(n)~Anattackthattricksanapplicationintoloadingamaliciouslibrary
whenitthinksit’sloadingatrustedlibrary.
binarysearch(n)~Atypeofsearchalgorithmthatseeksanitem,withaknownname,in
anorderedlistbyfirstcomparingthesoughtitemtotheitematthemiddleofthelist’s
order.Thesearchthendividesthelistintwo,determinesinwhichhalfoftheorderthe
itemshouldbe,andrepeatsthisprocessuntilthesoughtitemisfound.
binarytransfer(n)~Thepreferredmodeofelectronicexchangeforexecutablefiles,
applicationdatafiles,andencryptedfiles.
binarytree(n)~Inprogramming,aspecifictypeoftreedatastructureinwhicheachnode
hasatmosttwosub-trees,oneleftandoneright.Binarytreesareoftenusedforsorting
information;eachnodeofthebinarysearchtreecontainsakey,withvalueslessthanthat
keyaddedtoonesubtreeandvaluesgreaterthanthatkeyaddedtotheother.
bind(v)~Toconnectacontroltoafieldorgroupinthedatasourcesothatdataentered
intothecontrolissavedtothecorrespondingfieldorgroup.Whenacontrolisunbound,it
isnotconnectedtoafieldorgroup,anddataenteredintothecontrolisnotsaved.
BIND(n)~AnimplementationofDomainNameSystem(DNS)writtenandportedto
mostavailableversionsoftheUNIXoperatingsystem.TheInternetSoftwareConsortium
maintainstheBINDsoftware.
bindredirection(n)~AnActiveDirectoryLightweightDirectoryServices(ADLDS)
mechanismthatenablesADLDStoacceptbindrequestsfromapplicationsthatwantto
useADLDSastheapplicationdatastore.ThroughADLDSbindredirection,ADLDS
redirectsbindrequeststoADDSbasedonthecontentsofaproxyobjectthatrepresents
anActiveDirectorysecurityprincipal.Thisproxyobjectcanbeaugmentedtostore
additionaldatarelatedtothesecurityprincipalthatisspecifictotheapplication.
bindtoken(n)~Abindtokenisacharacterstringthatuniquelyidentifieseachbound
transaction.
binder(n)~Anyconstructthatassociatesavariabletoavalue(ortype,etc.).
binderclass(n)~Aclassthatselectsamemberfromalistofcandidates,andperforms
typeconversionfromactualargumenttypetoformalargumenttype.
binderconstructor(n)~AconstructorthatinitializesanewinstanceoftheBinderclass.
binderdivider(n)~Apagesizetype.Asmallpaperpiecethatisinsertedintoa
transparentplastictabwhichdividesbindersectionsorpaperfiles.
bindermethod(n)~Amethodthatexecutesbindingoperations.
binding(n)~Aprocessbywhichsoftwarecomponentsandlayersarelinkedtogether.
Whenanetworkcomponentisinstalled,thebindingrelationshipsanddependenciesfor
thecomponentsareestablished.Bindingallowscomponentstocommunicatewitheach
other.
binding(n)~Theprocessofcreatingalinkbetweenapropertyandasource.Thesource
canbelocalorexternal.
binding(n)~Arelationshipcreatedbetweenapropertyandasource.Thesourcecanbe
localorexternal.
binding(n)~InAnalysisServices,adefinedrelationshipbetweenanattributeora
measureandoneormoreunderlyingcolumnsinadimensionorfacttable.
binding(n)~Arepresentationofthecommunicationpathbetweenactors.
binding(n)~Arequestinasearchqueryforacolumninareturnedrowset.
bindingdependency(n)~Akindofdependencythatindicatesabindingofparameterized
class,ortemplate,parameterstoactualvaluestocreateabound,ornonparameterized,
element.
bindingentry(n)~Amappingbetweenafieldinatableandavariable.IntheADO
VisualC++extensions,RecordsetfieldsaremappedtoC/C++variables.
bindingfile(n)~Afilethatcontainsasnapshotofthebindingasseenatthatinstant.It
doesnotcontaindetailsaboutthecompletenessofthebindingwithrespecttothe
orchestration.
bindingpattern(n)~Aruleforbindingmatchedvaluesinalogicalstructuretovariable
orconstantnames.
bindingpolicy(n)~Apolicythatestablisheswhichversionofanassemblyisloadedby
thecommonlanguageruntime.
bindingsource(n)~Indatabinding,theobjectfromwhichthevalueisobtained.
bindingtarget(n)~Indatabinding,theobjectthatconsumesthevalueofthebinding.
bindingtime(n)~Thepointinaprogram’suseatwhichbindingofinformationoccurs,
usuallyinreferencetoprogramelementsbeingboundtotheirstoragelocationsand
values.Themostcommonbindingtimesareduringcompilation(compile-timebinding),
duringlinking(link-timebinding),andduringprogramexecution(run-timebinding).
Bing(PN)~Thelinktobing.cominsomeregionsbuttoadropdownlistofmoreBing
optionsinotherregions.
Bing(PN)~TheMicrosoftservicethatfacilitateswebsearches.
BingBar(PN)~AtoolbarincludingtheBingsearchboxinstalledforthevarietyof
common-usedbrowsers,likeInternetExplorer,Firefox,etc.
BingBarTranslator(PN)~AserviceavailableonBingBarallowingtranslationofwebpagetextinplaceusingtheMicrosoftstatisticalmachinetranslationsystem.
BingDictionary(PN)~TheBingservicethatprovidesdictionarysearch.
BingFinance(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtofinance.
BingGames(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtoonlinegames.
BingMaps(PN)~TheBingservicethatallowssearchandviewofmapsandsatellite
images.
BingMobile(PN)~TheMicrosoftservicethatfacilitatesWebsearchesonWeb-enabled
mobiledevices.
BingMovies(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtomovies.
BingMusic(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtomusic.
BingNews(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtonews.
BingRewards(PN)~Aprogramthatgivescustomerstheopportunitytoearncredits
redeemableforrewards.RewardscreditsareearnedbysearchingonBing,settingtheir
HomepagetoBing,ortryingoutnewBingfeatures.
BingShopping(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtoonlineshopping.
BingSmartSearch(PN)~ThesearchfeatureforWindows8.1andbeyondthatenablesa
centralsearchfromtheStartscreenacrossthedeviceused,thecloud,apps,andtheweb.
BingTranslator(PN)~Theservicethatallowsuserstotranslatetextandwebpagesinto
differentlanguagesusingtheMicrosoftstatisticalmachinetranslationsystem.
BingTV(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtoTV.
BingVideoGames(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtovideogames.
BingVideos(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtovideos.
BingVision(PN)~Afeaturethatletsausersearchbypointingtheirphoneatbarcodes,
text,QRcodes,MicrosoftTags,CDs,DVDs,orbooks.
BingWeather(PN)~ApartoftheBingsearchenginededicatedtoweather.
BingWebmasterCenter(PN)~Thehubwheresitemanagerscanfindtoolstohelpwith
siteoptimization,blogsfromtheBingteam,andforumsforpeersupport.
BINLSVC(n)~AservicethatrunsonaRemoteInstallationServices(RIS)serverthat
actsonclientbootrequests.ThedisplaynameofBINLSVCisRemoteInstallation.
bio(n)~AbiographyofanartistwhosemusicisinXboxMusicoronthephone.
biometric~Asystemthatexaminesbiologicalthingslikefingerprintsorretinas,usually
forsecuritypurposes.
BiometricAuthentication~usebiometrictraitstoverifyusers’claimedidentitieswhen
accessingdevices,networks,networkedapplicationsorWebapplications
biometricfactor(n)~Aparticularcharacteristicofapersonthatcanbemeasuredand
usedforidentificationpurposes,suchasfingerprints,handgeometry,andirispatterns.
biometricsample(n)~Asetofdataresultingfromthemeasurementofonespecific
characteristicofasingleindividual.Examplesofabiometricsamplewouldbetheimage
ofonefingerprintoroneirisscan.
biometricsensor(n)~Acategoryofsensorthatcollectsbiometricdataforavarietyof
applications.
biometricunit(n)~Asoftwareobjectthatconsistsofthreesoftwareplug-incomponents:
asensoradapter,engineadapterandstorageadapter.Theseadaptersareplug-insforthe
WindowsBiometricServiceandareusedtocaptureandprocessbiometricsamples,as
wellascreate,store,andmatchbiometrictemplates.
biometrics(n)~Technologiesthatmeasureandanalyzephysicalandbehavioralhuman
characteristics,suchasfingerprints,eyeretinasandirises,voicepatterns,facialpatterns,
handmeasurements,typingpatternsandsignatures,torecognizeorauthenticateidentity.
BIOS(n)~Thesetofessentialsoftwareroutinesthattestcomputerhardwareatstartup,
starttheoperatingsystem,andsupportthetransferofinformationbetweenhardware
devices.TheBIOSisstoredinread-onlymemory(ROM)sothatitcanberunwhenthe
computeristurnedon.Althoughcriticaltoperformance,theBIOSisusuallyinvisibleto
computerusers.
BIOSbootorder(n)~Alistofallpotentialbootabledeviceslistedinbootingorder.Ifthe
bootonthefirstdeviceonthelistdoesnotyieldavalidbootsector,theBIOSproceeds
withthenextdeviceinthelist.
Bird’seye(PN)~AnoptioninMicrosoftVirtualEarththatallowstheusertoviewan
objectina45-degreeanglefromaboveinbird’seyeview.
Bird’seye(adj)~AfeatureinBingMapsthatprovideshigh-resolutionaerialimageryof
locationsphotographedfromnorth,south,east,andwest,providingfouractualviewsofa
point.
birthdaycalendar(n)~Acalendarthatdisplaysallofthebirthdaysstoredinsomeone’s
contactlist.
birthdayreminder(n)~Afeaturethatnotifiestheuseraboutupcomingbirthdaysof
contactsinthecontactlist.
B-ISDN(n)~AnInternationalTelecommunicationUnion-Telecommunication
[StandardizationSector](ITU-T)communicationstandardforhigh-speednetworkingthat
providesnewservices,includingvoice,video,anddataonthesamenetwork.
bit(n)~Thesmallestunitofinformationhandledbyacomputerordevice.Onebit
expressesa1ora0inabinarynumeral,oratrueorfalselogicalcondition.Agroupof8
bitsmakesupabyte,whichcanrepresentmanytypesofinformation,suchasaletterof
thealphabet,adecimaldigit,orothercharacter.
bit(n)~Adatatypethatstoreseithera1or0value.Integervaluesotherthan1or0are
accepted,buttheyarealwaysinterpretedas1.
Bit~Thesmallestunitofinformationinacomputer,caneitherequal0or1.Eightbits
equalone-byte.
bitcount(n)~Thenumberofbitsofdatainacolorplanethatrepresentasinglepixel.
bitdepth(n)~Thenumberofcolorvaluesthatcanbeassignedtoasinglepixelinan
image.Colordepthcanrangefrom1bit(blackandwhite)to32bits(over16.7million
colors).
bitimage(n)~Asequentialcollectionofbitsthatrepresentsinmemoryanimagetobe
displayedonthescreen,particularlyinsystemshavingagraphicaluserinterface.Eachbit
inabitimagecorrespondstoonepixel(dot)onthescreen.Thescreenitself,forexample,
representsasinglebitimage;similarly,thedotpatternsforallthecharactersinafont
representabitimageofthefont.Inablack-andwhitedisplayeachpixeliseitherwhiteor
black,soitcanberepresentedbyasinglebit.Thepattern’of0sand1sinthebitimage
thendeterminesthepatternofwhiteandblackdotsforminganimageonthescreen.Ina
colordisplaythecorrespondingdescriptionofon-screenbitsiscalledapixelimage
becausemorethanonebitisneededtorepresenteachpixel.‘
bitmanipulation(n)~Anactionintendedtochangeonlyoneormoreindividualbits
withinabyteorword.Manipulationoftheentirebyteorwordismuchmorecommonand
generallysimpler.
bitmask(n)~Anumericvalueintendedforabit-by-bitvaluecomparisonwithother
numericvalues,typicallytoflagoptionsinparameterorreturnvalues.Usuallythis
comparisonisdonewithbitwiselogicaloperators,suchasAndandOrinVisualBasic,
&&and||inC++.
bitrate(n)~Thespeedatwhichbinarydigitsaretransmitted.
bittogglingkeypad(n)~AkeypadthatisavailableinProgrammermode,whichallows
theusertolookatnumbersrepresentedasvariouscombinationsof-1sand0s,andto
togglebetween1and0foreachbinary-bit-toformanewnumber.
Bitcoin(PN)~Adecentralizedpeer-to-peeronlinepaymentsystemwithcompletely
digitalcurrency,calledbitcoins.Fromauserperspective,Bitcoinisamobileappor
computerprogramthatprovidesapersonalBitcoinwalletthatallowsthemtosendand
receivebitcoinsforpurchasesandpayments.
bitcoin(n)~AdigitalcurrencythatusesBitcoin.
Bitcoin~digitalcurrencythatservesthesamefunctionsandpurposesasmoney
BitLocker(PN)~Ahardware-basedsecurityfeaturethatpreventsunauthorizedaccessto
acomputerbyprovidingfull-volumeencryptionandintegritycheckingofboot
components.
BitLockerdisabledmode(n)~Amodeinwhichthediskvolumeisstillencryptedby
BitLockerDriveEncryption,butsecurityiseffectivelydisabledbecausethefull-volume
encryptionkeythatisusedtoencrypttheoperatingsystemvolumeisaccessiblebyusinga
clearkeytoaccessthevolumemasterkey.
BitLockerDriveEncryption(n)~Ahardware-basedsecurityfeaturethatprevents
unauthorizedaccesstoacomputerbyprovidingfull-volumeencryptionandintegrity
checkingofbootcomponents.
BitLockerenabledmode(n)~AmodeinwhichBitLockerDriveEncryptionisturnedon
andthedataonthevolumeistransparentlyencryptedbyBitLockerasitiswrittenand
decryptedasitisread.
BitLockerencryptedinstallation(PN)~AfeatureofBitLockerthatenablesITprosto
encryptadiskbeforeauserbeginstouseit.
BitLockerEnterprise(PN)~ABitLockerextensionthataddsmanagementcapabilitiesto
BitLocker.
BitLockernetworkunlock(PN)~AfeatureofBitLockerthatallowsunlockingofanOS
volumeusingakeyreceivedoverthenetwork.
BitLockeroffmode(n)~AmodeinwhichBitLockerDriveEncryptionprotectionis
turnedoffonadiskvolumeandthediskvolumeisnotencrypted.Thisleavesthedisk
volumewithastandardcleartextfileformat.
BitLockeron-writeencryption(PN)~ABitLockerfeaturethatincrementallyencrypts
theharddriveasfreespaceisused.
BitLockerrecoverykey(n)~Aspecialkeythatyoucancreatewhenyouturnon
BitlockerDriveEncryptionforthefirsttimeoneachdrivethatyouencrypt.
BitLockerToGo(PN)~AnextensionoftheBitLockerdriveencryptionfeaturethat
enablestheencryptionofportable(e.g.USB)drives.
BitLockerToGoReader(PN)~Auserinterfacetoolthatisusedtounlockexternal
driveslockedbyBitLockerToGoandview/copyfilesinthedrive.
bitmap(n)~Apicturemadefromaseriesofsmalldots,muchlikeapieceofgraphpaper
withcertainsquaresfilledintoformshapesandlines.
bitmap(n)~Adatastructureinmemorythatrepresentsinformationintheformofa
collectionofindividualbits.Abitmapisusedtorepresentabitimage.Anotheruseofa
bitmapinsomesystemsistherepresentationoftheblocksofstorageonadisk,indicating
whethereachblockisfree(0)orinuse(1).
Bitmap~See-bmp.
bitmapeffect(n)~Aneffectthatcanberenderedoncontent.Suchbitmapeffectsinclude:
Blur,dropshadow,bevel,outerglow,andemboss.
bitmappedfont(n)~Afontthatisstoredasabitmap.Rasterfontsaredesignedwitha
specificsizeandresolutionforaspecificprinterandcannotbescaledorrotated.Ifa
printerdoesnotsupportrasterfonts,itwillnotprintthem.Thefiverasterfontsare
Courier,MSSansSerif,MSSerif,Small,andSymbol.
bitmask(n)~Anumericvalueintendedforabit-by-bitvaluecomparisonwithother
numericvalues,typicallytoflagoptionsinparameterorreturnvalues.Usuallythis
comparisonisdonewithbitwiselogicaloperators,suchasAndandOrinVisualBasic,
&&and||inC++.
bitmaskidentifier(n)~Anameassignedtoabitmasktohelpidentifyitspurpose.
bitness(n)~Acharacteristicofamicroprocessor’sdatastream(thedistinctionbetween
16-bit,32-bitand64-bitaddressspaces)andthepotentialdifferencesininstantiationof
componentsthatthisentails.
bitrate(n)~Thespeedatwhichbinarydigitsaretransmitted.
bit-ratethrottling(n)~Theabilitytoslowdowntherateatwhichfilescanbe
downloaded.
BITS(PN)~AcomponentofWindowsXPandlateroperatingsystemsthatfacilitates
prioritized,throttled,andasynchronoustransferoffilesbetweencomputersusingidle
networkbandwidth.
bitsperpixel(n)~Thenumberofbits(e.g.8,16,24,or32)usedtostoreanddisplaythe
colordataforasinglepixel.Thisisthestandardunitofmeasureforbitorcolordepth.
bitspersecond(n)~Thenumberofbitstransmittedeverysecond,usedasameasureof
thespeedatwhichadevice,suchasamodem,cantransferdata.
bitwisecomparison(n)~Abit-by-bitcomparisonofidenticallypositionedbitsintwo
numericexpressions.
bit-wisecomparison(n)~Abit-by-bitcomparisonofidenticallypositionedbitsintwo
numericexpressions.
bitwiseoperation(n)~Anoperationthatmanipulatesasinglebit,ortestswhetherabitis
onoroff.
BizSpark(PN)~Aprogramthatmakessoftware,support,andvisibilityavailableto
startupsforfree.
BizSpark1111(PN)~TheofferthatprovidescertainqualifiedBizSparkmembersheavily
discountedaccesstoMicrosoftAzure.Itisnownolongeravailablefornewcustomers.
BizTalkAdministrationconsole(n)~AMicrosoftManagementConsole(MMC)usedto
administeraBizTalkServergroup.
BizTalkapplication(n)~Agroupofrelatedartifacts,resources,andsettingsthatare
exposedtogetherformanagementfromwithintheBizTalkAdministrationconsole.Any
artifactwithinanapplicationmayrefertoanyotherartifactwithinthatapplication,aswell
asanyartifactinanyreferencedapplication.
BizTalkApplicationUsersGroup(n)~Thegroupofuserswhocanaccess
MessageBoxesforaparticularBizTalkGroup
BizTalkApplicationview(n)~Oneoftwoviews(alongwithBizTalkDeploymentView)
thatappearswhentheSystemCenterOperationsManagerconsoleforBizTalkServeris
opened.ABizTalkadministratorusesthisviewtomonitorthehealthofBizTalkartifacts
andapplicationssuchasorchestrations,sendports,andreceivelocations.
BizTalkBASAdministrators(n)~AsecurityroleforaccessingtheBusinessActivity
Services(BAS)portal.MembersoftheBusinessAdministratorrolecanperformallofthe
tasksthatBusinessManagerscan.Additionally,BusinessAdministratorscanconnectand
disconnecttheBASWebsitetoaBizTalkServer.BusinessAdministratorscanrefreshthe
BASWebsitewithdatafromtheTradingPartnersManagement(TPM)database,and
refreshtheTPMdatabasewithdatafromtheBASWebsite.BusinessAdministratorscan
installandconfiguretheBASWebsite.
BizTalkBASUsers(n)~AsecurityroleforaccessingtheBusinessActivityServices
(BAS)portal.MembersoftheBusinessUserrolehavetheleastamountofsiteprivileges.
BusinessUserscancreateandmanageprofilesandprofilegroups,createandmanage
agreements,andmanagedocuments.
BizTalkDeploymentview(n)~Oneoftwoviews(alongwithBizTalkApplicationview)
thatappearswhentheSystemCenterOperationsManagerconsoleforBizTalkServeris
opened.AnenterpriseITadministratorusesthisviewtomonitortheoverallhealthofthe€œphysicaldeployment-€?ofaBizTalkServersetup.
BizTalkDeploymentWizard(n)~AUI-basedtooltodeployBizTalkServerassemblies
totheConfigurationdatabase.
BizTalkEditor(n)~Avisualtool,hostedwithinVisualStudio,forconstructingBizTalk
ServerschemasthatcandefinethestructureofbothXML-andnative-formattedinstance
messages.
BizTalkExplorer(n)~AMicrosoftVisualStudio-©.NETtoolwindowthatdisplaysthe
contentsofaBizTalkConfigurationdatabase.Itdisplaysitemssuchasassemblies,ports,
andpartiesinahierarchicaltree.YoucanuseBizTalkExplorertoconfigureandmanage
BizTalkprojects,parties,andorchestrations.
BizTalkExplorerObjectModel(n)~TheAPIsusedtocreatetoolsandscriptsto
automatethepost-deploymenttasksthatyouperforminBizTalkExplorer.Youcanusethe
BizTalkExplorerObjectModelforsuchpost-deploymenttasksascreatingports,binding
orchestrations,managingpartyproperties,oranyothertaskwhereyouwoulduseBizTalk
Explorer.TheBizTalkExplorerObjectModelAPIsareinthe
Microsoft.BizTalk.ExplorerOMnamespace.
BizTalkFramework(n)~Aplatform-neutrale-commerceframeworkthatisbasedon
ExtensibleMarkupLanguage(XML)schemasandindustrystandards.Theframework
enablesintegrationacrossindustriesandbetweenbusinesssystems,regardlessof
platform,operatingsystem,orunderlyingtechnology.
BizTalkgroup(n)~AgroupthatcontainsMessageBoxes,hosts,receivelocations,send
ports,sendportgroups,orchestrations,servers,andadapters.
BizTalkManagementPackalert(n)~Anotificationthatadministratorscansubscribeto
intheBizTalkServer2010ManagementPack.Aftersubscribingtoagivenalert,
administratorsreceiveanotificationwhenevercertainconditionsaremet.Forinstance,if
acertainnumberofhostinstancesarethrottling,analertcouldberaised.
BizTalkManagementPackdiagnostics(n)~Afeaturethatadministratorscanusetosee
thecauseandtroubleshootinginformationforagivenproblem.Forexample,ifthehealth
ofasendportappearsasred,theStateChangeEventtabintheOperationsManager
consoledisplaysthereasonwhyitwentfromgreentored.
BizTalkMapper(n)~Afeaturethatvisuallyenablesuserstobuildtransformations
betweentwoschemasinaBizTalkapplication.Italsohasusabilityenhancementstohelp
withcomplexmaps.
BizTalkMessageQueuingadapter(n)~Anadapterthatenablesexchangeofmessages
betweenBizTalkServerandMicrosoftMessageQueue(MSMQ).
BizTalkmessagestore(n)~AMicrosoftSQLServertablethatholdsallmessagesand
theirparts.Consumingorchestrationsusethemessagereferencescontainedinthestoreto
dequeueacopyofthemessageanditspropertiesfromthemessagestore.
BizTalkproject(n)~AtypeofVisualStudioprojectusedtocreateapplicationsthatrun
onBizTalkServer.
BizTalkprojectsystem(n)~AsystemusedtocreatepartorallofaBizTalkServer
applicationorbusinesssolution.Itisusedtoadd,edit,orremoveBizTalkServeritems
(orchestrations,maps,schemas,andpipelines).Itcontainscommandssuchascompileand
deploy.
BizTalkServer(PN)~ThefamilyofMicrosoftserverproductsthatsupportlargescale
implementationmanagementofenterpriseapplicationintegrationprocesses.
BizTalkServer2010ManagementPack(PN)~ABizTalkenhancementthathelps
ensurefullmonitoringcapabilitiesofBizTalkapplicationsandinfrastructure.Itincludes
featureslikediagnosticsandalertstohelpmonitorthehealthofaBizTalkdeployment.
BizTalkServerEnterprise(n)~TheBizTalkServereditionforcustomerswith
enterprise-levelrequirementsforhighvolume,reliability,andavailability.
BizTalkServermap(n)~AnExtensibleStylesheetLanguageTransformations(XSLT)basedtransformationusedtoconvertinstancemessagesthatconformtooneBizTalk
ServerschemaintoinstancemessagesthatconformtoanotherBizTalkServerschema.
BizTalkServermapfile(n)~ThepersistedformofaBizTalkmap,createdbyBizTalk
Mapperandcompiledtogeneraterun-timetransformationdirectivesspecifiedusing
ExtensibleStylesheetLanguageTransformations(XSLT).
BizTalkServerpipelinefile(n)~Afilethatdescribestheconfigurationofthepipeline
andthecomponentswithinit.ThisfiletypecanbecompiledaspartofaBizTalkproject.
BizTalkServerschema(n)~AnXMLSchemaDefinitionlanguage(XSD)-based
descriptionofthestructureofoneormoreBizTalkServerinstancemessages.
BizTalkServerschemafile(n)~AfilecontainingthepersistedformofaBizTalk
schema.
BizTalkServerStandard(n)~TheBizTalkServereditionfororganizationswith
moderatevolumeanddeploymentscalerequirements.
BizTalkServices(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzureservicethatprovidesBusiness-to-Business
(B2B)andEnterpriseApplicationIntegration(EAI)capabilitiesfordeliveringcloudand
hybridintegrationsolutionswithinasecure,dedicated,per-tenantenvironment.
BizTalkSettingsDashboard(PN)~ABizTalkfeaturethatBizTalkadministratorscanuse
tocentrallymanageandmodifyBizTalkEnginesettings.Administratorscanexportand
importsettingsfromoneenvironmenttoanother,suchasfromstagingtoproduction.
BLA(n)~Atelephonyfeaturethatmakestwoormorephonesbehaveasiftheyare
linked;thatis,thatacalltoonenumbercausesallphonestoring.
black(adj)~Havingafontweightthatcorrespondstoaweightclassvalueof900
accordingtotheOpenTypespecification.
blackandwhiteeffect(n)~Oneofagroupofphotomodificationssomeonecanmaketo
acolorphotothatmimicdifferenteffectsthatwouldbeachievedbytakingthesamephoto
usingblackandwhitefilmstock.Oneeffectusesstrictconversiontomonochromeby
throwingawayallofthecolorinformation.Othersmimictheresultwhenablackand
whitephotoistakenthroughacoloredfilter-€”orange,red,oryellow-€”toenhanceor
suppresscertaincolorinformation.Twoeffectsperformstrictconversionstomonochrome
andthenapplyacolortint-€”sepiaorcyan-€”inonestep.
BlackandWhiteEffects(n)~Acontrolthatinitiatesatasktocreateandfinetuneblack
andwhiteimages.
Blackandwhiteeffects(PN)~Thepanelitemthatopenstheimageeditingtoolthat
enablestheusertoapplyablackandwhiteeffect.
blackbox(n)~Basedonacomponent’sactualbehavior,withoutregardtoits
implementation.
blackbox~Agenerictermusedtoidentifyfunctionalequipmentsegments,asopposedto
circuitry,thatmakeupeachsegmentofatelecommunicationssystem.-
blackboxtest(n)~Atestthatisbasedonacomponent’sactualbehavior,withoutregard
toitsimplementation.
Blackmetal(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#138.
Blackthumbpads(n)~ADialKeysstylethatshowsblackkeysappearingintwo
semicirclesinthecornersofthescreen.
BlackBerryBusinessCloudServices(n)~AsmartphoneserviceforBlackBerrydevices
usingOffice365.TheserviceishostedbyResearchInMotion.
BlackBerrydevice(n)~OneinalineofsmartphonesdevelopedbytheCanadian
companyResearchInMotion(RIM)thatsupportse-mail,mobiletelephone,text
messaging,Internetfaxing,andotherwirelessinformationservices.
BlackBerryEnterpriseServerforMicrosoftExchange(n)~Thesoftwarepackagethat
ispartoftheBlackBerry(R)wirelessplatformfromResearchInMotion.Thesoftwareand
serviceconnectstomessagingandcollaborationsoftware(suchasMicrosoftExchange)
onenterprisenetworksandredirectse-mailsandsynchronizescontactsandcalendaring
informationbetweenservers,desktopworkstations,andmobiledevices.
BlackBerryInternetService(n)~Asubscriptionservicethatenablese-mail
synchronizationforBlackBerry(R)devices.
blackouttime(n)~Thetimethataserverisidentifiedasbeingunavailable,measuredin
seconds.
Black-Scholes(n)~Atechnicalalgorithmusedtodeterminethepresentvalueofafuture
stockprice(fordeterminingthevalueofnewlyawardedstockoptions).
blade(n)~Thesurfaceonwhichservicefunctionsornavigationelementsappearwhen
selected.EquivalenttoanewwindowthatisopenedinWindows.
bladeserver~Aserverarchitecturethathousesmultipleservermodules(‘blades’)ina
singlechassis.Itiswidelyusedindatacenterstosavespaceandimprovesystem
management.
blank(n)~Thecharacterenteredbypressingthespacebar.
blankline(n)~Alinewherethereisnoinformationdisplayed.
blankpage(n)~Apagewherethereisnoinformationdisplayed
blankreferenceimage(n)~AsnapshotofwhattheSurfacescreenlookslikeinyour
lightingenvironmentwithnothingonthescreen.Thissnapshotistakingduring
calibration.
blankspace(n)~Aspacewherethereisnoinformationdisplayed
blanketorder(n)~Apurchaseorderwithaspecificsupplierthatcoversaperiodoftime
ratherthanspecificlineitems.Ablanketordercanbeusedtoobtainrecurring,short-term
releasesofgoodsormaterials.
blawg~Slangtermusedtodescribeanonlineblogthatiswrittenbylawyers,oronethat
isfocusedonprovidinglegal-orientedcontent.
bleed(n)~Theextenttowhichapicturerunsofftheprintedpage.
bleedsetting(n)~Asettingthatdetermineshowmuchofanobjectcanprintbeyondthe
edgesofalabel,sticker,orpage.
Blend+SketchFlowforVisualStudio2013(PN)~Sketchflowisafeatureincludedin
BlendforVisualStudio2013torapidlycreateandprototypenewideasandeffectively
presentthemtoclientsbeforeevolvinganddeliveringthemascompletedprojects.It
enablestomapandexperimentwiththeflowofanapplicationUI,thelayoutofthe
individualscreensandhowtheapplicationwilltransitionfromonestateoftheapplication
toanother.
BlendforMicrosoftVisualStudio2013(PN)~BlendforVisualStudio2013allowsto
visuallybuildengagingandsophisticateduserinterfacesforWindowsapplicationsby
usingtheaccuratedesignsurfaceandtools.ItisinstalledwiththeVisualStudio
installation.
BlendforVisualStudio(PN)~BlendforVisualStudiohelpstodesignandbuild
engagingandsophisticateduserinterfacesbyprovidingwithanaccuratedesignsurface
andtoolsthatlettheusertovisuallycreateandeditMicrosoftWindowsapplications.With
Blend,WindowsPhoneapplicationsandWindowsstoreappscanbedesignedandbuild.
BlendforVisualStudio2013SDK(PN)~TheBlendforVisualStudioSoftware
DevelopmentKit(SDK)providesconceptualtopicsforbehaviors,whicharereusable
piecesofpackagedcodethatcanbedraggedontoanyobjectandthenfine-tunedby
changingtheirproperties.TheSDKalsoincludesaprogrammingreferenceforother
extensibilityfeaturesinBlend,suchascontrols,drawingfeatures,andeffects.
blendmode(n)~Amethodofdetermininghowanobjectshouldappearwhenplacedover
anotherobject.
blending(n)~Theprocessofcombiningtwoormoreobjectsbyaddingthemonapixelby-pixelbasis.
blindcarboncopy(n)~Afeatureofe-mailprogramsthatallowsausertosendacopyof
ane-mailmessagetoarecipientwithoutnotifyingotherrecipientsthatthiswasdone.
blindvia(n)~Acopper-platedholeinaprintedcircuitboardthatdoesnotextendallthe
waythruaPCB.Thispreventsprobingacomponent’ssignalpinbyremovingaccessto
theviaontheoppositesideoftheboard.
blindness(n)~Avisualimpairmentthatresultsincompletelossofvisioninbotheyes.
blinds(n)~Atypeoftransitionthatsimulatestheopeningandclosingofwindowblinds
asonecliptransitionstoanother.
blink(v)~Toflashonandoff.Cursors,insertionpoints,menuchoices,warningmessages,
andotherdisplaysonacomputerscreenthatareintendedtocatchtheeyeareoftenmade
toblink.Therateofblinkinginagraphicaluserinterfacecansometimesbecontrolledby
theuser.
blinkspeed(n)~Therateatwhichthecursorindicatingtheactiveinsertionpointinatext
window,orotherdisplayelement,flashesonandoff.
blinktime(n)~Theelapsedtime,inmilliseconds,requiredtoinvertthecaretdisplay.
Thisvalueishalfoftheflashtime.
blit(n)~Agraphicsfunctionthatmovesmanycontinuousbitsfromonememorylocation
toanotherinthemostefficientmannersupportedbythehardware.
blittable(adj)~CapableofbeingcopiedbyBLT(blocktransfer).
blittabletype(n)~Adatatypethathasauniquecharacteristicandanidentical
presentationinmemoryforbothmanagedandunmanagedenvironments.Itcanbedirectly
shared.
BLOB(n)~Adiscretepacketofbinarydatathathasanexceptionallylargesize,suchas
picturesoraudiotracksstoredasdigitaldata,oranyvariableortablecolumnlargeenough
toholdsuchvalues.Thedesignationbinarylargeobject’typicallyreferstoapacketof
datathatisstoredinadatabaseandistreatedasasequenceofuninterpretedbytes.’
BLOb(n)~Adiscretepacketofbinarydatathathasanexceptionallylargesize,suchas
picturesoraudiotracksstoredasdigitaldata,oranyvariableortablecolumnlargeenough
toholdsuchvalues.Thedesignationbinarylargeobject’typicallyreferstoapacketof
datathatisstoredinadatabaseandistreatedasasequenceofuninterpretedbytes.’
blob(n)~Adiscretepacketofbinarydatathathasanexceptionallylargesize,suchas
picturesoraudiotracksstoredasdigitaldata,oranyvariableortablecolumnlargeenough
toholdsuchvalues.Thedesignationbinarylargeobject’typicallyreferstoapacketof
datathatisstoredinadatabaseandistreatedasasequenceofuninterpretedbytes.’
blob(n)~Anobjectthatdoesnothaveanidentifiableshape,i.e.thatcannotbeidentified
asafingerorasataggedobject.
blobinput(n)~AcontactontheSurfacescreenthatiscategorizedasablob(i.e.,that
doesnothaveanidentifiableshape).
Blobservice(PN)~ThedatamanagementserviceinMicrosoftAzureStorageforstoring
largeamountsofunstructureddatathatcanbeaccessedfromanywhereviaHTTPor
HTTPS.
block(n)~Asegmentoftextthatcanbeselectedandacteduponasawholeinan
application.
block(n)~Agroupofstatementsinaprogramthataretreatedasaunit.Forexample,ifa
statedconditionistrue,allofthestatementsintheblockareexecuted,butnoneare
executediftheconditionisfalse.
Block(v)~Apermissionsettingthatpreventsapersonordomainfromaddingtheuserto
contactlists,seeingtheuser’sstatus,orsendinginstantmessagestotheuser.
block(v)~Topreventanotheruserfrominitiatingaconversationandfromviewingyour
presenceorotherinformation,suchasyourpersonalinformation.
block(n)~ATransact-SQLstatementenclosedbyBEGINandEND.
block(n)~AnHTMLelementthat,ingeneral,beginsanewline.Ablock-levelelement
mayincludeotherblock-levelelementsorinlineelements.
BlockandFilter(PN)~Anapp(shippedinChinaonly)thatfiltersoutcertaincallsand
messagesfromtheuser’sphoneaswellasmessagingservices,withoptionalblockingof
withheldandunknownnumbers.ItalsoprovidescallerIDinfoforincomingcallsfrom
barenumbersthatarenotonlocalcontactlist.
BlockandFilter(global)(PN)~Anappthatfiltersoutcertaincallsandmessagesfrom
theuser’sphone,aswellasmessagingservices,withoptionalblockingofwithheldand
unknownnumbers.
blockblob(n)~Ablobcomprisedofblocks,eachofwhichisidentifiedbyablockID.
Blockbutton(n)~ButtonlocatedintheInboxandotherfolders.Allowsuserstoprevent
unwantede-mailmessagesfromarriving.
blockcipher(n)~Acipheralgorithmthatencryptsdataindiscreteunits(calledblocks),
ratherthanasacontinuousstreamofbits.Themostcommonblocksizeis64bits.For
example,DESisablockcipher.
BlockCycle(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtorepresentacontinuingsequenceof
stages,tasks,oreventsinacircularflow.Emphasizesthestagesorstepsratherthanthe
connectingarrowsorflow.
blockdiagram(n)~Atypeofdiagramwithblockandraisedblockshapesusedto
brainstorm,plan,andcommunicate.
blockdiagramwithperspective(n)~Atypeofblockdiagramthatcontains3-D
geometricshapes,directionallines,andavanishingpointforchangingdepthand
perspective.Useforfunctionaldecomposition,hierarchical,anddatastructurediagrams.
BlockFacebookPages(PN)~Asettingthatallowsuserstoblockpostsandcomments
fromFacebookPagestonotshowupinanalysisanymore.
blocklevelbackup(n)~Atypeofbackupoperationthatcanbeperformedonafile
system.Thebackupandrestoreoperationscaneitherbefull,incrementalordifferential,
andaphysical(block-level)restoreisperformedatthevolumelevel.
Blocklist(n)~Alistofusers,accounts,Websitesetc.thatarepreventedfromperforming
certainactionsonanetwork.
blocklist(n)~Alistofusers,accounts,Websitesetc.thatarepreventedfromperforming
certainactionsonanetwork.
blockmap(n)~AnXMLfilethatmapslogicalfilesandrangestoblockrangesinthe
AppXpackage.AblockmapisrequiredforanyAppXpackage.BlockMapXMLmarkup,
storedinaBlockMap.xmlpart,isusedtodefineindexesandcryptographichashesfor
blocksofexecutablecodeanddatathatarestoredinthefilesofanAppxpackage.The
deploymentengineusestheBlockMaptodownloadindividualblocksinrandomorderas
neededforstreamingexecution.
blockoftext(n)~Asegmentoftextthatcanbeselectedandacteduponasawholeinan
application.
Blockphrase(n)~AcustomwordorphrasethattheadministratorsetsfortheContent
Filteragenttoprevente-mailmessagesthatcontainspecificwordsorphrasesfrombeing
deliveredtoExchangeServer2007mailboxusers.
BlockProgramsList(n)~TabontheUserSettingstoolusedtoblockagivenuserfrom
accessinglistedprograms.
BlockQuote(PN)~TheSwaycardthatprovidesaquote-liketreatmentwithbreaks
beforeandafterselectedcontent.
BlockRecognizer(PN)~Aversionofthecharacterrecognizerfeaturethatuses
handwritingrecognitiontoconvertwrittenshorthandsymbolstotypedtext,andthen
insertsthetextinalocationthatyoucanspecify.
blockscope(n)~Therestrictionoftherangeinwhichavariablecanbereferencedtoa
sectionofcodethatisgroupedtogether,consistingofoneormoredeclarationsand
statements.
Blocked(adj)~Aprivacyrelationshipsettingthatpreventsapersonordomainfrom
addingtheusertocontactlists,seeingtheuser’sstatus,orsendinginstantmessagestothe
user.
Blocked(PN)~Thestatuslabelthatindicatesthatauserhasassignedthiscontacttothe
BlockedContactsprivacyrelationship.
BlockedContacts(PN)~Aprivacyrelationshipsettingthatpreventsapersonordomain
fromaddingtheusertocontactlists,seeingtheuser’sstatus,orsendinginstantmessages
totheuser.
BlockedContent(PN)~Aviewinsettingswhereuserscanaddtermstoalistthat
globallyexcludepoststhatcontainoneoftheaddedtermsfromanalysis.
BlockedEncodingsList(n)~Alistthatallowsyoutoblockalanguageencodingor
charactersetinordertofilteroutunwantedinternationale-mailmessagesthatdisplayina
languageyoudon’tunderstand.
blockedsender(n)~Adomainorapersonthatanenduserdoesn’twanttoreceivee-mail
messagesfrom.Messagesreceivedfromanye-mailaddressordomainlistedintheusers’
BlockedSenderslistaresentdirectlytotheuser’sJunkE-Mailfolder.
BlockedSendersList(n)~Alistofdomainnamesande-mailaddressesthataretreatedas
junke-mailandareblockedunlessthesenderisontheSafeSendersListortherecipientis
ontheSafeRecipientsList.
BlockedSources(PN)~AviewinsettingswhereuserscanaddURLsandpartialURLsto
ablockedsourceslistthatwillbeexcludedfromdataacquisitionandanalysis.
BlockedTop-LevelDomainList(n)~Alistthatallowsyoutoblocktop-leveldomain
names.Blockingcountry/regiontop-leveldomainsallowsyoutofilterunwantede-mail
messagesyoureceivefromspecificcountriesorregions.
blocking(n)~Amethodofoperationinwhichaprogramthatissuesacalldoesnotregain
controluntilthecallcompletes.
blocking(n)~Theactionofplacingadocumentorproductonhold.
blockingtransaction(n)~Atransactionthatcausesanothertransactiontofail.
block-levelelement(n)~AnHTMLelementthat,ingeneral,beginsanewline.Ablocklevelelementmayincludeotherblock-levelelementsorinlineelements.
blog(n)~Afrequentlyupdatedonlinejournalorcolumn.
blog(v)~Topublishorwriteentriesforablog.
blog~(weBLOG)-Awebsitedocumentingsomeone’slifeand/orthoughts.
blogger(adj)~Apersonwhocreatesormaintainsaweblog.
BloggingWindows(PN)~?Theofficialconsumer-facingWindowsblog.
Blood(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftwareRatingBoard
(ESRB).
BloodandGore(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftware
RatingBoard(ESRB).
bloodglucosemeasurement(n)~Theamountofaperson’sbloodglucoselevelsata
certainpointintime.
bloodglucosemeter(n)~Anelectronicdeviceusedtomeasureaperson’sbloodglucose
level.
bloodglucosemonitor(n)~Anelectronicdeviceusedtomeasureaperson’sblood
glucoselevel.
bloodpressure(n)~Ameasurementofthepressurethatthebody’sbloodisputtingonthe
bloodvesselwalls.
bloodpressuremeasurement(n)~Ameasurementofthepressurethatthebody’sblood
isputtingonthebloodvesselwalls.Themeasurementisdisplayedwiththesystolic
pressurenumberoverthediastolicpressurenumber(inmillimetersofmercury).
bloodpressuremonitor(n)~Ahealthdeviceusedtomeasureaperson’sbloodpressure.
Bluechips(PN)~Veryspecificsetofstocksoflarge,well-establishedandfinancially
soundcompaniesthathaveoperatedformanyyears,typicallywithamarketcapitalization
inthebillionsandconsideredtobeverysoundinvestments.
BlueHues(PN)~OneofthebackgroundcolorsontheScreenSaverSettingsdialogbox
thatconsistsofarangeofbluecolors.
Bluegrass(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#89.
Blues(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.ID3v1
genreID#0.
Bluetooth(PN)~AwirelesscommunicationtechnologythatconformstotheBluetooth
computingandtelecommunicationsindustryspecification.Thisspecificationdescribes
howmobilephone,landlinephones,computers,andmobiledevicescaneasilyexchange
informationbyusingashort-rangewirelessconnection.
Bluetooth~Ashortrangewirelessdatacommunicationsystemforsmartphonesandother
computingdevices.HoweverBluetoothdevicesfromdifferentmanufacturerswouldn’t
alwayscommunicatewitheachotherreliably,soithasn’treallytakenoffastheindustry
hadhoped,anditisnowunderthreatfromfasterwirelesstechnologies(see-Wi-Fi).
Bluetoothdevice(n)~Adevicesuchasacellularphone,printer,keyboard,mouse,or
computerthathasaBluetoothradiotransmitterinstalledinit.
Bluetoothstack(n)~ThecoreportionoftheBluetoothprotocolstackimplementation
thatenablesdevicestolocateeachotherandestablishaconnection.Throughthis
connection,devicescanexchangedataandinteractwithoneanotherthroughvarious
applications.
blur(n)~Aneffectappliedtoagraphicalobjectthattypicallyreducesthedifference
betweentheoutlineoftheobjectandthegraphicalareanexttoit.
Blu-rayDisc(n)~Ahighdefinitionopticaldiscformatwhichusesasmallerfocusblueviolet405nmlaserallowinghigherprecisionandstoragedensity.AcompetitortoHD
DVD.
BMC(n)~Aspecializedserviceprocessorthatmonitorsthephysicalstateofacomputer,
networkserverorotherhardwaredeviceusingsensorsandcommunicatingwiththe
systemadministratorthroughanindependentconnection.TheBMCispartofthe
IntelligentPlatformManagementInterface(IPMI)andisusuallycontainedinthe
motherboardormaincircuitboardofthedevicetobemonitored.
BMD(n)~Ameasurementthatshowstheamountofmineralsinonesquarecentimeterof
bones.Abonedensitymeasurementcanbeusedasapossiblemarkerofosteoporosisand
fracturerisk.
BMI(n)~Anindexforhumanbodyfatbasedonaperson’sweightandheight.
BMO(n)~Thesetofobjectsthatamodelerusestocreateacustomapplication.Theset
includesthefollowingprimaryobjectcategories:system,application,model,and
modelingsite.Primaryobjectcategoriescancontainotherobjectcategories.Forexample,
system-levelsecurityobjectsandapplication-levelsecurityobjects.
bmp~(BitMaP)-Astandardtypeofgraphicsfile.Anuncompressedformat,sothefiles
tendtobefairlybig.
BMR(n)~Arecoveryofasystemusingabackupthatcontainscriticalvolumesand,
optionally,datafilesthatyoucanusetorebuildasystemfromscratchorrebuildasystem
usingalternatehardware.
BMR(n)~Theamountofenergythatisneededtosupportthebody’smostbasicfunctions
whenatrest.TheBasalmetabolicrate(orBMR)isthenumberofcaloriesapersonneeds
perdaytostayalive.
BNCconnector(n)~Aconnectorforcoaxialcablesthatlockswhenoneconnectoris
insertedintoanotherandrotated90degrees.
b-node(n)~ANetBIOSimplementationthatusesbroadcastNetBIOSnamequeriesfor
nameregistrationandresolution.
Board(PN)~TheagiletaskboardinVisualStudio2012’sTeamWebAccessthatenables
theusertotrackteam’sprogressinreal-time.
boardingpass(n)~Aticketfortransit,suchasonanairplaneoratrain.
body(n)~Ine-mailandInternetnewsgroups,thecontentofamessage.Thebodyofa
messagefollowstheheader,whichcontainsinformationaboutthesender,origin,and
destinationofthemessage.
bodymassindex(n)~Anindexforhumanbodyfatbasedonaperson’sweightand
height.
bodytext(n)~Thetextthatformsthemajorcontentofapublication.Doesnotinclude
titles,headlines,pullquotes,andcaptions,forexample.
BOF(n)~Thestartinglocationofafileonadiskrelativetothefirststoragelocationon
thedisk.Adatadirectoryorcatalogcontainsthislocation.
BOF(PN)~Themodel-view-controllerframeworkthatsynchronouslyorasynchronously
controlstheexecutionofimmediateorbatchedbusinessoperationimplementations.
bogie~alsospelledbogey,referstoafalsebliponaradardisplay.Thetermisalsoused
todescriberadarechoesthatoccurforunknownreasons,especiallyinthemilitary,where
suchasignalmightindicatehostileaircraft.
boilerplatetext(n)~Recyclabletext;apieceofwritingorcode,suchasanorganization’s
missionstatementorthegraphicscodethatprintsasoftwarecompany’slogo,whichcan
beusedoverandoverinmanydifferentdocuments.
bold(adj)~Pertainingtocharactersthatareformattedtoappeardarkerandheavierthan
thesurroundingtext.
bold(adj)~Havingafontweightthatcorrespondstoaweightclassvalueof700
accordingtotheOpenTypespecification.
BoletoBancário(PN)~ApaymentmethodusedinBrazilthatisissuedintheformofa
paperticketfromATMsorvariousagenciesorbusinesses.
BollingerBands(n)~Aformulathatcalculatesthestandarddeviationaboveandbelowa
simplemovingaverageofthedata.Sincestandarddeviationisameasureofvolatility,a
largestandarddeviationindicatesavolatilemarket,andasmallerstandarddeviation
indicatesacalmermarket.
BollingerBandsformula(n)~Aformulathatcalculatesthestandarddeviationaboveand
belowasimplemovingaverageofthedata.Sincestandarddeviationisameasureof
volatility,alargestandarddeviationindicatesavolatilemarket,andasmallerstandard
deviationindicatesacalmermarket.
BOM(n)~Alistofthecomponentsandsubassembliesneededtobuildoneunitofa
product.Abillofmaterialsalsoshowsquantitiesforeachcomponent.
BOM(n)~AUnicodecharacterusedtoindicatethattextisencodedinUTF-8,UTF-16or
UTF-32.
BOMexplosion(n)~Theprocessofidentifyingthecomponents,andtheirquantities,that
arerequiredtoproduceanitem.
BOMversion(n)~Aspecificconfigurationofabillofmaterial(BOM)toincludean
item.AnitemcanbeassociatedwithanumberofBOMversions.
BombMaking(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbyMicrosoft.
bond(n)~Lightweightpapercommonlyusedforletterheadandotherbusiness
publications.
bondeddevice(n)~ABluetoothdevicethathasbeenpairedtoanotherone.
bonemineraldensity(n)~Ameasurementthatshowstheamountofmineralsinone
squarecentimeterofbones.Abonedensitymeasurementcanbeusedasapossiblemarker
ofosteoporosisandfracturerisk.
bonusdepreciation(n)~Extradepreciationamountsthatcanbetakeninthefirstyear
thatanassetisplacedinserviceanddepreciated.Bonusdepreciationistakenbeforeany
otherdepreciationiscalculatedandisavailableonlyfordepreciationbooks.
bonusindicator(n)~InPurblePlace,asymbolwhichlookslikeagoldenstampand
allowsplayerstoearnaSneakPeektokeniftheycanmatchatilewhiletheindicatorison
it.
bookcode(n)~Apredefineddimensionthatisusedtodifferentiatebetweendifferent
modelingscenarios.Forexample,youcanusethisdimensiontotrackvaluesforbudget,
actual,andforecastedscenariosforanygivenperiodoftime.Itisautomaticallyincluded
witheverymodel.
bookfold(n)~Astyleofpublicationthatisprintedwithtwopagesononesideofeach
sheetofpaper.Whenyoufoldthepaper,itopenslikeabook.
bookvalue(n)~Thevalueofanassetascalculatedbytheacquisitionpriceplusorminus
anyadjustments(acquisitionorvalue)minusanydepreciationpreviouslytaken.
bookvalue(n)~Thenetvalueofanassetreportedonastatementoffinancialposition.
BookingAttendant(PN)~Acalendaringfeaturethatautomaticallymanagesresources.
Resourcerequestsareautomaticallyacceptedordenieddependingonavailabilityand
policies.
booking.com~Booking.comistheworld’sleadingonlinehotelreservationsagencyby
roomnightssold,attractingover30millionuniquevisitorseachmonthviatheInternet
frombothleisureandbusinessmarketsworldwide.Pricelineistheparent
company.http://www.booking.com/
booklet(n)~Asmallpublicationmadeofprintedpagesthatarefoldedandboundtogether
toopenlikeabook.
bookmark(n)~Alocationorselectionoftextinafilethatyounameforreference
purposes.Bookmarksidentifyalocationwithinyourfilethatyoucanlaterreferorlinkto.
bookmark(n)~Auniqueidentifierofarowwithinarowset.
bookmarklet(n)~Ascript-basedappletthatisstoredasafavoriteorbookmarkinaweb
browser,orisaccessedthroughahyperlinkonawebpage.
Books&Reference(PN)~Anappcategorythatfacilitatesreadingorprovidesaccessto
e-bookorreferencecontent.
books+reference(PN)~Anappcategorythatfacilitatesreadingorprovidesaccesstoebookorreferencecontent.
Boolean(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicoflogical(true,false)values.
Boolean~Atermthatoriginatedintheintherealmofmathematics,andthatisnow
commonlyknownforitsapplicationtosearchenginelogic.ABooleansearchallowsfor
theinclusionorexclusionofdocumentscontainingcertainkeywords
Booleandatatype(n)~Adatatypewithonlytwopassablevalues,True(-1)orFalse(0).
Booleanvariablesarestoredas16-bit(2-byte)numbers.
Booleanexpression(n)~AnexpressionthatyieldsaBooleanvalue(trueorfalse).Such
expressionscaninvolvecomparisons(testingvaluesforequalityor,fornon—​Boolean
values,the<[lessthan]or>[greaterthan]relation)andlogicalcombination(using
BooleanoperatorssuchasAND,OR,andXOR)ofBooleanexpressions.
Booleanoperator(n)~AnoperatordesignedtoworkwithBooleanvalues.Thefourmost
commonBooleanoperatorsinprogramminguseareAND(logicalconjunction),OR
(logicalinclusion),XOR(exclusiveOR),andNOT(logicalnegation).
Booleansearch(n)~Amethodofsearchingfordatathatuseslogicaloperators(e.g.
AND,OR,NOT).
BootConfigurationData(n)~Adatastorethatcontainsbootconfigurationparameters
andcontrolshowtheoperatingsystemisstartedbeginningwithWindowsVistaor
WindowsServer2008.
BootConfigurationDataobject(n)~Acollectionofelementsthatdescribesthesettings
fortheobjectthatareusedduringthebootprocess.Therearethreemaintypesofobjects:
application,device,andinherited.
bootcriticaldriver(n)~Adriverthatmustbeavailableinorderfortheoperatingsystem
tosuccessfullycompletethebootprocess.Bootcriticaldriversincludeallbootstart
drivers.
bootdisk(n)~AfloppydiskthatcontainskeysystemfilesfromaPC-compatible
operatingsystemthatcanboot,orstart,thePC.Abootdiskmustbeinsertedinthe
primaryfloppydiskdrive(usuallydriveA:)andisusedwhenthereissomeproblemwith
startingthePCfromtheharddisk,fromwhichthecomputergenerallyboots.
Bootdisk~ACDprDVDwhichholdsacopyoftheoperatingsystem,orenoughofitto
startthecomputer,usefulifthecomputerwon’tstartupproperlyfromtheharddisk.
bootdrive(n)~InaPC-compatiblecomputer,thediskdrivethattheBIOSusesto
automaticallyloadtheoperatingsystemwhenthecomputeristurnedon.
bootfile(n)~AsystemfileneededtostartWindows.ThebootfilesincludeNtldrand
Ntdetect.com.
bootimage(n)~TheMicrosoftWindowsPreinstallationEnvironmentimagethatyou
bootaclientintobeforeyouinstalltheinstallimage.
BootInformationNegotiationLayerService(n)~AservicethatrunsonaRemote
InstallationServices(RIS)serverthatactsonclientbootrequests.Thedisplaynameof
BINLSVCisRemoteInstallation.
BootLogging(n)~Aprocessinwhichacomputerthatisstarting(booting)createsalog
filethatrecordstheloadingofeachdeviceandservice.ThelogfileiscalledNtbtlog.txt,
anditissavedinthesystemrootdirectory.
bootpartition(n)~ThepartitionthatcontainstheWindowsoperatingsystemandits
supportfiles.Thebootpartitioncanbe,butdoesnothavetobe,thesameasthesystem
partition.
bootrecord(n)~Thesectionofadiskthatcontainstheoperatingsystem.
bootsector(n)~Acriticaldiskstructureforstartingyourcomputer,locatedatsector1of
eachvolumeorfloppydisk.Itcontainsexecutablecodeanddatathatisrequiredbythe
code,includinginformationusedbythefilesystemtoaccessthevolume.Thebootsector
iscreatedwhenyourformatthevolume.
bootsector(n)~Thefirst512bytesofsector0ofapartitioneddatastoragedevice.
bootsectorvirus(n)~Avirusthatinfectscomputersystemsbycopyingcodeeithertothe
bootsectoronafloppydiskorthepartitiontableonaharddisk.Duringstartup,thevirus
isloadedintomemory.Onceinmemory,theviruswillinfectanynon-infecteddisks
accessedbythesystem.
bootvolume(n)~ThevolumethatcontainstheWindowsoperatingsystemanditssupport
files.Thebootvolumecanbe,butdoesnothavetobe,thesameasthesystemvolume.
Boot,bootup~Usuallyusedtomean‘startupthecomputer’.Literally,theprocessof
loadinguptheoperatingsystemandgettingthecomputerreadyforuse.See-Reboot.A
‘bootpassword’isapasswordyouhavetogivetostartupthecomputer.
bootable(adj)~ContainingthesystemfilesnecessaryforbootingaPCandrunningit.
bootableCD(n)~ACD-ROMthatcanbeusedtostartacomputer.Anautomated
installationusesabootableCDtostartacomputer.
BOOTP(n)~AprotocolusedprimarilyonTCP/IPnetworkstoconfigurediskless
workstations.RFCs951and1542definethisprotocol.DHCPisalaterbootconfiguration
protocolthatusesthisprotocol.TheMicrosoftDHCPserviceprovideslimitedsupportfor
BOOTPservice.
bootstrap(n)~Theprocessofstartingorresettingacomputeroradevice.Whenfirst
turnedon(coldboot)orreset(warmboot),thecomputerrunsthesoftwarethatloadsand
startsthecomputer’soperatingsystem,whichpreparesitforuse.
bootstrapinstallationservice(n)~Aservicethatinvokesthebootstrapinstallation
process.
border(n)~Inprogramsandworkingenvironmentsthatfeatureon-screenwindows,the
edgesurroundingtheuser’sworkspace.Windowbordersprovideavisibleframearounda
documentorgraphic.Dependingontheprogramanditsrequirements,theycanalso
representanareainwhichthecursororamousepointertakesonspecialcharacteristics.
Forexample,clickingthemouseonawindowbordercanenabletheusertoresizethe
windoworsplitthewindowintwo.
border(n)~Thevisiblelinearoundtheedgeofanobject.Forexample,thefourlinesofa
rectanglethatcompriseitsborder.
BorderPainter(PN)~Atoolthatisusedtoapplyformattingtobordersinatable.
BorderSampler(PN)~Atoolusedtocollecttheformattingofanexistingtableborderso
thatitcanbeappliedtoanotherborder.
BorderStylesgallery(PN)~Agalleryofpredefinedandrecentlyusedformattingstyles
thattheusercanapplytoborders.
borrowedtime(n)~Alimitedamountofusagetimeprovidedafterallpurchasedtimehas
beenexpended.Iftheuserdoesnotaddordownloadmoreusagetimewithinthis
remainingamountoftime,theywillloseaccesstothecomputer.
borrowedusagetime(n)~Alimitedamountofusagetimeprovidedafterallpurchased
timehasbeenexpended.Iftheuserdoesnotaddordownloadmoreusagetimewithinthis
remainingamountoftime,theywillloseaccesstothecomputer.
bot(n)~Aprogramthatperformsataskonanetwork,especiallyataskthatisrepetitiveor
time-consuming.
Bot~(roBOT)-Anautomatedprogram,usuallyperformingafunctionontheinternet
suchasindexingwebpagesorsortingemail.
both-threaded(adj)~Pertainingtoathreadingmodelinwhichtheobjecthasthe
characteristicsofanapartment-threadedobjectaswellasafree-threadedobject.
Bottleneck~Apointatwhichtheperformanceorcapacityofanentiresystemornetwork
canbesignificantlyinfluenced.Formally,abottleneckliesonanetworkorsystem’s
criticalpathandprovidesthelowestthroughput.
bottomappbar(n)~Anappbarthatappearsalongthebottomedgeofthescreenand
mayincludeappcommandsornavigation.
bottom-upestimating(n)~Aprincipleofgoodscheduling.Itmeanshavingthosewhodo
theworkestimatetheeffort,rollinguptask-levelestimates,andrecognizingthat
experienceisthebestestimatingtechnique.
bottom-upestimating(n)~Anestimatingmethodinwhichthebasecostsofindividual
workitemsorresourcesarecalculatedintotask,resource,andprojectcosttotals.
bounce(v)~Toreturnanundeliverableemailmessagetothesender’smailserver.
bounce~Thereturnofapieceofmailbecauseofanerrorinitsdelivery.
bouncemessage(n)~Anon-deliverynotificationthatissenttoane-mailsenderwhena
messagecannotbedeliveredtotheintendedrecipienteithertemporarilyorpermanently.
BounceKeys(n)~AfeatureinWindowsthatinstructstheprocessortoignoredouble
strokesofthesamekeyandotherunintentionalkeystrokes.
bound(n)~Theupperorlowerlimitinapermittedrangeofvalues.
bound(n)~Thesizeandlocationofanobject.
bound(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofafilethatcanbemanagedusingthe
sourcecontrolfeaturesintoolssuchasVisualStudioandExpressionBlend.
boundapplication(n)~Anapplicationfromwithintheboundsystemthatisboundtoa
specificserverwithinthetargetlogicaldatacenter.
boundcolumn(n)~Thecolumninalistbox,combobox,ordrop-downlistboxthat’s
boundtothefieldspecifiedbythecontrol’sControlSourceproperty.
boundcontrol(n)~Acontrolusedonaform,report,ordataaccesspagetodisplayor
modifydatafromatable,query,orSQLstatement.
bounddata(n)~DatalinkedtoaWebpage.
boundelement(n)~Inastaticstructurediagram,auseofaparameterizedclass,or
template,inwhichtheparametersfromtheparameterizedclassareboundtoactualvalues.
boundhyperlinkcontrol(n)~Acontrolusedonadataaccesspagetobindalink,
intranetaddress,orInternetaddresstoaTextfieldinanunderlyingtable.Usewhenyou
wantadifferenthyperlinkaddressforeachrecordinatable—forexample,asyoumove
fromrecordtorecordinaSupplierstable,youcanclickonthehyperlinkandgotoa
differentWebpageforeachsupplier.
bounditem(n)~Anitemthathasbeenextendedwithsystemattributesandline-ofbusiness(LOB)dataforthepurposeofassociatingitwithanLOBentity.
boundobjectframe(n)~Acontrolonaformorreportusedtodisplayandmanipulate
OLEobjectsthatarestoredintables.
boundstream(n)~Aneventstreamthatcontainsalltheinformationneededtoproduce
events.Eithertheinformationisanalreadyinstantiateddatasource,ortheinformationis
sufficientfortheStreamInsightservertostartthedatasource.
boundsystem(n)~Theapplicationsystemwhoseapplicationsareboundtological
serversasdescribedonadeploymentdiagram.
boundtrap(n)~Inprogramming,aprobleminwhichasetofconditionsexceedsa
permittedrangeofvaluesthatcausesthemicroprocessortostopwhatitisdoingand
handlethesituationinaseparateroutine.
boundary(n)~AnIPsubnet,IPaddressrange,IPv6prefix,orActiveDirectorysitethat
identifiesthenetworklocationofclientsintheConfigurationManagerhierarchy.
boundarydelimiter(n)~Oneormorecharactersthatidentifythestartorendofa
boundary.
boundaryfeedback(n)~Avisualindicationtotheuserthattheendofthepan-ablearea
isreached.Thisfeedbackisprovidedwhenslidingtheparentwindowinthedirectionof
panandseeingitsnapbacktotheinitialpositiononcethefingerisreleased.Thisfeedback
isalsoprovidedwhenthepageismovingwithsomemomentum,andreachestheendof
thescrollableregion.
boundarynetwork(n)~Alogicalportionofanetworkthatcanbeaccessedbycomputers
thatareintherestrictednetworkorthesecurenetwork.
boundaryscan(n)~Atechnologythatallowsengineerstoperformextensivedebugging
anddiagnosticsonasystemthroughasmallnumberofdedicatedtestpins.Signalsare
scannedintoandoutoftheI/Ocellsofadeviceseriallytocontrolitsinputsandtestthe
outputsundervariousconditions.
BoundaryScanDescriptionLanguagefile(n)~Anexternalfilethatdefinesthe
capabilitiesofanysingledevice’sboundaryscanlogic.
boundingbox(n)~Thesmallestrectanglethatcanenclosethetextinatextframe.
boundingbox(n)~Thesmallestrectangularareathatwillsurroundapath,shape,or
groupofobjects.
boundingrectangle(n)~Thesmallestrectangularareathatwillsurroundapath,shape,or
groupofobjects.
Bourneshell(n)~AUNIXcommandprocessordevelopedbyStevenBourne.
bow(n)~Thedistancefromthemidpointofacirculararctothemidpointofthearc’s
chord.
boxmodel(n)~Acascadingstylesheet(CSS)modelwhererectangularboxesare
generatedforelementsinthedocumenttreeandlaidoutaccordingtothevisualformatting
model.
boxplotchart(PN)~Astatisticaltypeofchartthatusesboxestoindicatestatistical
distributionandeasilyidentifyoutlierpoints.Therearefivevalues:upperquartile,lower
quartile,HighBox,LowBox,andMedian.
boxedmode(n)~ATabletPCinputmodethatprovidesarestrictivewritingsurfacewith
aboxedguidethatshowsuserswheretheycanwriteeachcharacter.Inboxedmode,user’s
inkisrecognizedandconvertedtotextwhentheuserstartswritingthenextcharacter.
boxing(n)~Theconversionofavaluetypeinstancetoanobject,whichimpliesthatthe
instancewillcarryfulltypeinformationatruntimeandwillbeallocatedintheheap.The
Microsoftintermediatelanguage(MSIL)instructionset’sboxinstructionconvertsavalue
typetoanobjectbymakingacopyofthevaluetypeandembeddingitinanewly
allocatedobject.
boxplot(PN)~Astatisticaltypeofchartthatusesboxestoindicatestatisticaldistribution
andeasilyidentifyoutlierpoints.Therearefivevalues:upperquartile,lowerquartile,
HighBox,LowBox,andMedian.
BPA(PN)~Atoolwhichexaminesasystemconfigurationandthesettingsagainstasetof
pre-definedrulestogeneratealistofissuesoutlininganybestpracticeviolationsitfinds.
BPAengine(n)~TheenginethatcapturesandprocessestheresultsoftheBestPractice
Analyzer(BPA).
BPAscan(n)~AscanthatisrunbytheBestPracticeAnalyzer(BPA)toidentifyany
issuesthatviolateapre-definedsetofbestpractices.
BPL(n)~Atypeofhigh-speedInternetconnectionusingexistingelectricalwiring.With
BPL,youplugamodemdirectlyintoapoweroutlet.BPLconnectionspeedsare
comparabletothoseofotherbroadbandtechnologies,suchasdigitalsubscriberline(DSL)
orcable.
BPM(n)~Thenumberofheartbeatsperminute.
BPMN(PN)~AstandardnotationforprocessmanagementdevelopedbytheBusiness
ProcessManagementInitiative.
bpp(n)~Thenumberofbits(e.g.8,16,24,or32)usedtostoreanddisplaythecolordata
forasinglepixel.Thisisthestandardunitofmeasureforbitorcolordepth.
bps(n)~Thenumberofbitstransmittedeverysecond,usedasameasureofthespeedat
whichadevice,suchasamodem,cantransferdata.
bps~(BitsPerSecond)-Ameasureofhowquicklyinformationisbeingtransferred,
usuallyviaamodemornetwork.Dividebytentogetanapproximationofthenumberof
characterspersecond(cps).Seealso-Kbps,-Mbps.
BRSouth(PN)~TheSouthBrazilianregionwithintheAzureregiontaxonomy.
bracematching(n)~Aneditorfeaturethat,whentheinsertionpointismovedtoabrace,
highlightsthematchingbrace.
bracket(n)~AchainedsetofRequest/Responseunits(RUs)andtheirresponses,which
togethermakeupatransactionbetweentwoLogicalunits(LUs).Onebracketmustbe
finishedbeforeanothercanbestarted.
bracketexpression(n)~Inregularexpressions,anexpressionoftheform[expr]’
bracketedexposures(n)~Aseriesofphotosthatalldepictthesamesceneusingdifferent
exposuresettingsforeachphoto.Eachphotointheseriesis,thereby,eitherlighteror
darkerthananotherintheseries.
Bradesco(PN)~AbankingandfinancialservicescompanyinBrazil.
brainstormingdiagram(n)~Atypeofdiagramthatshowstheinterrelationshipsamong
topicsinahierarchy.Youcanthinkofitasagraphicalillustrationofatextoutline.
branch(n)~Asegmentofalogicaltreestructure,representingafolderandanyfolders
thatitcontains.
branch(v)~Toallowacollectionoffilestoevolveintwoormoredivergentpaths.
branch(n)~Anelementofworkflowlogicthatdefinesanalternativeconditionandaction
oradditionalsteps,incaseswhenthecriteriainaconditionelementarenotmet.Alogical
‘else-if-then’statementinaworkflow.
branch(v)~Inreferencetoapackage,toupgradeanexistingsequencedapplication
packageandrunitside-by-sidewiththeoriginalsequencedapplicationpackage.
branch(n)~Aforkwithinaconversation,wheremorethanonereplywasmadetoa
singlee-mailandcausedasplitintheconversation.
branchcode(n)~Anumericcodeusedincombinationwithabankcodetoidentifya
specificbankbranch.
branchdistributionpoint(n)~AConfigurationManagersitesystemthathastheroleof
storingpackagesourcefilesandisdesignedtobelocatedinadistributedlocationwith
limitednetworkbandwidthoralimitednumberofclients.
BranchEdition(n)~AversionofBizTalkServerthatcanbeusedasalocaloffice
implementationwithinadistributed(multi-site)businessorganization.Eachsiteinstance
canbeconnectedtoaBizTalkServerimplementationlocatedinacentralofficeor
headquarters.TheBranchEditioncanbeusedataveryhighscalebutitisonlyapartof
theentireenterprisesolution,ratherthanbeingthewholeenterprisesolutionitself.
branchoffice(n)~Asitethatisgeographicallyseparatedfromthecentralmanagement
site.
branchofficedeploymentscenario(n)~Adeploymentscenarioinwhichconnectivity
betweenthecentralsiteandthebranchofficeisoverawide-area-network(WAN)andis
assumedtobeunreliablewithlowbandwidth.
branchofficeproxy(n)~AnOfficeCommunicationsServerusedtoenableusersin
branchofficestoconnecttothehomeofficeSIPnetwork.
branchplaque(n)~Anaward(plaque)signifiyingaparticularoffice,orbranch,thatisa
memberofthePartnerProgram(certifiedlevel).
BranchCache(PN)~AWindowscomponentthathelpsspeeddatatransferwithinremote
(branch)officesbycachingthedataonalocalserverorindividualPCs.
brandcolors(n)~Thecolorsthatarespecifictoaparticularcompanyorproduct.
brandelement(n)~Adistinctivecomponentthatisuniquetoacompanyandthataddsto
itsrecognitionwithconsumers.
brandidentity(n)~Acompany’sorpartner’slogo,fonts,andcolourthemesorschemes
intendedtovisuallysignifywhoandwhatthecompanyis.
brandimage(n)~Acompany’sorpartner’slogo,fonts,andcolourthemesorschemes
intendedtovisuallysignifywhoandwhatthecompanyis.
brandname(n)~Text,enteredbyameetingorganizer,thatidentifiesthecompanyor
organizationusingLiveMeetingandthatreplacestheimagefile(ifunavailable)inthe
LiveMeetinguserinterface.
brandpersonalityattribute(n)~Acharacteristictypicallyassociatedwithaperson,but
inferablefromexposuretoand/orexperiencewithacommercialbrand.
brandedexperience(n)~Adesignedexperiencethatisintentionallydifferentiatedfrom
otherbrandswithconsistentdeliveryacrossallcustomerchannelsinawaythataddsvalue
tothecorecustomerproposition.
branding(n)~Theprocessofincorporatingacompanyname,logo,supportinformation,
andHelpfilesintotheMicrosoftWindowsinstallation.
Brandingpane(n)~Aclientelementthatdisplaysoptionalbrandingforyourconference
center.
BRB~(BeRightBack)-Internetslang.
breadcrumbbar(n)~Anavigationalelement,usuallyappearingatthetopofawindow,
thatdisplays,andallowsuserstochange,theircurrentlocation.
breadcrumbnavigation(n)~AformofnavigationthatshowsthepathtothecurrentWeb
page.
break(n)~InterruptionofaprogramcausedbytheuserpressingtheBreakkeyorits
equivalent.
break(v)~Tointerruptexecutionatagivenspot,usuallyforthepurposeofdebugging.
break(v)~Tocausearoutine,module,orprogramthathadpreviouslyworkedtocease
workingcorrectly.
break(n)~Interruptionofacommunicationstransmissionthatoccurswhenthereceiving
stationinterruptsandtakesovercontrolofthelineorwhenthetransmittingstation
prematurelyhaltstransmission.
break(n)~Ashortperiodoftimeinaresource’sschedulewheretheresourceisnot
availableforwork.
breakline(n)~Theactuallinethatisshowninadocumenttoindicatealinebreak.
breakmode(n)~Atemporarysuspensionofprogramexecutionwhileinthedevelopment
environment.Inbreakmode,youcanexamine,debug,reset,stepthrough,orcontinue
programexecution.
Breakdown(n)~AshapeinaPivotDiagram,positionedalongtheconnectorbetweena
parentPivotDiagramnodeandthechildrenofthatnode.
break-fix(adj)~Pertainingtoaserviceagreementwhichprovidesfortherepairor
replacementofmultipletypesofin-warrantyorout-of-warrantybrokenITequipmentor
services.
breakoutroom(n)~Asharedspacewheresmallergroupsofattendeescanmeet
separately.
breakpoint(n)~Alocationinaprogramatwhichexecutionishaltedsothata
programmercanexaminetheprogram’sstatus,thecontentsofvariables,andsoon.
breakthroughlist(n)~Thelistofcontactswhomaybreakthroughinquiethours.
Bricksandclicks~businessthatexistedpre-Internetthatnowusese-commerce
technologytosellontheinternet
bridge(n)~Softwareorhardwarethatconnectstwoormorenetworkssothattheycan
communicate,andthatoperatesatthedata-linklayer(layer2)oftheOSImodel.
bridge~Devicethatconnectsandpassespacketsbetweentwonetworksegmentsthatuse
thesamecommunicationsprotocol.Bridgesoperateatthedatalinklayer(Layer2)ofthe
OSIreferencemodel.
bridgelineappearance(n)~Atelephonyfeaturethatmakestwoormorephonesbehave
asiftheyarelinked;thatis,thatacalltoonenumbercausesallphonestoring.
bridgemode(n)~Arouterconfigurationinwhichdatapassesdirectlythroughtherouter
withouttheprotectionofnetworkaddresstranslation.
bridgerouter(n)~Arouterthatsupportsthefunctionsofbothabridgeandrouter.A
bridgerouterlinkstwosegmentsofalocalorwideareanetwork,passingpacketsofdata
betweenthesegmentsasnecessary,andusesLevel2addressesforrouting.
bridgedlineappearance(n)~Atelephonyfeaturethatmakestwoormorephonesbehave
asiftheyarelinked;thatis,thatacalltoonenumbercausesallphonestoring.
bridgedtransaction(n)~Ajournaltransactionthatispostedtoabridgingaccount.
bridgeheadserver(n)~Acomputerthatconnectsserversusingthesamecommunications
protocolssoinformationcanbepassedfromoneservertoanother.
bridgingaccount(n)~Aledgeraccountintowhichtransactionsareenteredastheyawait
manualapprovalbythepersonwhoisspecifiedinthejournalline.
bridgingposting(n)~Atypeofpostinginwhichatransactionisfirstpostedtoabridging
accountandlaterpostedtoadifferentledgeraccount.
brightness(n)~Theamountoflightthatisemittedbyacomputermonitororpicture
displayedonthemonitor.
Brightness,Decrease(n)~AfiltereffectinWindowsMovieMaker.
Brightness,Increase(n)~AfiltereffectinWindowsMovieMaker.
BrilliantBlackforWindowsMediaPlayer(n)~AWindowsMediaPlayerskincreated
specificallyfortouch-screencomputers.
BringYourOwnDevice(PN)~Thesetoffeaturesthatletemployeesusepersonal
devicestoaccesscorporateinformationandservicesandletITadminsmanagesuch
devices.
bring-your-own-license(adj)~Pertainingtofeaturesthatallowuseofexistingproduct
licensesforaproductthatisusedinconnectionwithanotherproduct.
BritPop(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#132.
BRL(n)~TheofficialcurrencyofBrazil.
broadband(n)~Astructureofcompensationlevelsthatincludesbroadrangesofpayper
levelandisgenerallydefinedbygroupingjobswithsimilaraggregatelevelsof
responsibility.Payforindividualjobsisoftenlinkedtotheexternalmarket.Bandsarealso
typicallydifferentiatedbythevariablecompensationawardsavailableateachband.Broad
bandingeliminatesthehierarchyandnarrowrangesofgradedstructuresandallowsranges
tooverlap(forexample,the90thpercentileofBandBequalsthe10thpercentileofBand
C).Broadbandsdonotcontainmidpointsandgenerallydonothavefixedminimumsor
maximums(forexample,allowingpaythatiseitherbelowaminimumorabovea
maximumratewithinabandbecausetheexternalmarketdeterminesaspecificjobrate).
Companiescanstoreadditionalreferencepointsforaband,suchasa50thpercentile(or
ControlPoint),25thand75thpercentile,andbasevariablecompensationononeofthose
points.
broadband(adj)~Oforrelatingtocommunicationssystemsinwhichthemediumof
transmission(suchasawireorfiber-opticcable)carriesmultiplemessagesatatime,each
messagemodulatedonitsowncarrierfrequencybyamodem.
broadband(n)~Atransmissionmediumdesignedforhigh-speeddatatransfersoverlong
distances.CablemodemservicesandDigitalSubscriberLine(DSL)areexamplesof
broadbandnetworks.
Broadband~Internetaccessoveraconnectionmuchfasterthananordinarymodem,
suchas-ADSL-orcable.
broadband~Broadbandisanotherwordforhigh-speedInternet.Becauseittransfers
informationquickly,broadbandisidealfordownloadingmusicandwatchingstreaming
videos.
broadbandconnection(n)~Ahigh-speedInternetconnection.Broadbandconnections
aretypically256kilobytespersecond(KBps)orfaster.BroadbandincludesDSLand
cablemodemservice.
BroadbandIntegratedServicesDigitalNetwork(n)~AnInternational
TelecommunicationUnion-Telecommunication[StandardizationSector](ITU-T)
communicationstandardforhigh-speednetworkingthatprovidesnewservices,including
voice,video,anddataonthesamenetwork.
broadbandnetwork(n)~Atransmissionmediumdesignedforhigh-speeddatatransfers
overlongdistances.CablemodemservicesandDigitalSubscriberLine(DSL)are
examplesofbroadbandnetworks.
broadbandoverpowerlines(n)~Atypeofhigh-speedInternetconnectionusingexisting
electricalwiring.WithBPL,youplugamodemdirectlyintoapoweroutlet.BPL
connectionspeedsarecomparabletothoseofotherbroadbandtechnologies,suchas
digitalsubscriberline(DSL)orcable.
broadcast(adj)~Senttomorethanonerecipient.Incommunicationsandonnetworks,a
broadcastmessageisonedistributedtoallstations.
broadcast(n)~Amethodbywhichaclientreceivesastream.Duringabroadcast
connection,clientscannotcontrolthestream.Thisistheoppositeofanon-demand
presentation.
broadcast(v)~Inwirelessnetworking,forawirelessrouteroraccesspointtotransmitits
servicesetidentifier(SSID)everyfewsecondssothatcomputersanddevicescandetect
andconnecttothenetwork.
broadcast~Datapacketthataresenttoallnodesonanetwork.Broadcastsareidentified
byabroadcastaddress.
broadcastaddress(n)~AnInternetProtocolversion4(IPv4)addressthatisdestinedfor
allhostsonaparticularnetworksegment.
broadcastbit(n)~Aone-bitfieldvalueintheflagsfieldoftheDHCPpacketsentbythe
clienttoprovideahinttotheDHCPserverandtotherelayagentstobroadcastany
messagessenttotheclient.
broadcastmessage(n)~Anetworkmessagesentfromasinglecomputerthatis
distributedtoallotherdevicesonthesamesegmentofthenetworkasthesending
computer.
broadcastnetwork(n)~Anetworkthatsupportsmorethantwoattachedroutersandhas
theabilitytoaddressasinglephysicalmessagetoalloftheattachedrouters(broadcast).
Ethernetisanexampleofabroadcastnetwork.
broadcastpublishingpoint(n)~Atypeofpublishingpointthatstreamscontentto
multipleusersatonce,similartoatelevisionbroadcast.Contentstreamedfroma
broadcastpublishingpointcanbedeliveredasamulticastorunicaststream.
BroadcastSlideShow(PN)~Afeaturethatenablespresentersintherichclientto
broadcastaslideshowtoremoteviewerswatchinginaWebbrowser.Throughoutthe
presentation,theremoteattendeeswillseethecurrentslidebeingshownbythepresenter.
broadcastverification(n)~Byusingatechnologycalledvideoencodedinvisiblelight
(VEIL),amethodwherebyMarketingPilotuserscanverifythattheTVadsthathavebeen
orderedactuallyranasordered.
brochure(n)~Athreeorfour-panelpublicationstyletypicallyusedtopresentinformation
aboutproducts,servicesorspecialoffers.
brokenhyperlink(n)~AhyperlinkthatpointstoanincorrectURLoramissingpageor
file.
brokenlink(n)~AhyperlinkthatpointstoanincorrectURLoramissingpageorfile.
brokeredmessaging(n)~Anasynchronousmessagingservice:Producers(senders)and
consumers(receivers)donothavetobeonlineatthesametime.Themessaging
infrastructurestoresmessagesuntiltheconsumingpartyisreadytoreceivethem.This
allowsthecomponentsofthedistributedapplicationtobedisconnected.
brokeredservice(n)~Aserviceprovidedthroughtheinteractionoftwoormore
applicationsbeingintegratedwhereanintermediaryliesbetweentheservicerequestorand
theserviceproviderperformingsomefunctionsforsecurity,reliabilityandoverall
monitoringoftheperformanceofinteractions.
Bronze(adj)~Themimimumservicelevelthatcanbeallocatedtoacase.Theservice
contractacustomerpurchasesdeterminestheservicelevelforitsassociatedcases.
brouter(n)~Arouterthatsupportsthefunctionsofbothabridgeandrouter.Abridge
routerlinkstwosegmentsofalocalorwideareanetwork,passingpacketsofdatabetween
thesegmentsasnecessary,andusesLevel2addressesforrouting.
browse(v)~Toscanadatabase,alistoffiles,ortheInternet,eitherforaparticularitem
orforanythingthatseemstobeofinterest.
browsebutton(n)~Abuttonthatdisplaysadialogboxtohelpusersselectavalidvalue.
browsefor(v)~Toscanadatabase,alistoffiles,ortheInternet,eitherforaparticular
itemorforanythingthatseemstobeofinterest.
browsemode(n)~Afunctionthatletsyouscandatabaserowsandupdatetheirvaluesone
rowatatime.
browseserver(n)~AcomputeronaMicrosoftnetworkthatmaintainsalistofcomputers
andservicesavailableonthenetwork.
browser(n)~AcomputeronaMicrosoftnetworkthatmaintainsalistofcomputersand
servicesavailableonthenetwork.
browser(n)~AsoftwareprogramusedtodisplaywebpagesandtonavigatetheInternet.
Browser~AprogramusedforviewingWorldWideWebpagesontheInternet.Usually
availablefreefordownload.PopularbrowsersincludeInternetExplorer(IE),whichis
builtintoWindows,MozillaFirefox,andGoogleChrome.Themostpopularbrowseron
AppledevicesisSafari.
browserextension(n)~AprogramthatextendsthecapabilitiesofInternetExplorer.
browserhelperobject(n)~Anin-processComponentObjectModel(COM)component
thatInternetExplorerwillloadeachtimeitstarts;itrunsinthesamememorycontextas
thebrowserandcanperformactionsontheavailablewindowsandmodules.
BrowserLink(n)~AchannelbetweenVisualStudioIDEandanyopenbrowsertoallow
dynamicdataexchangebetweenawebapplicationandVisualStudio.
browsermix(n)~Amixofbrowsersselectedforthetestscenarioandtheirpercentage
distributionswithinthetestscenario.Thepercentagedistributiondeterminesthe
probabilitythatavirtualuserisrunningaspecificbrowserprofile.
browsermodifier(n)~Softwarethatchangesbrowsersettings,suchasthehomepage,
withoutadequateconsent.
browserplug-in(n)~Akindofsoftwarethatletsastandardwebbrowserdisplayandrun
specifictypesofcontent,suchasmediafiles,animations,andinteractiveforms.
browserprofile(n)~AcollectionofHTTPheaderstosimulateaparticularbrowser,such
asInternetExplorer6orNetscape6.
browserwindow(n)~Awindowthatservesasaninterfacebetweentheuserandthe
browser.
browser-compatibleformtemplate(n)~AformtemplatethatisdesignedinInfoPathby
usingaspecificcompatibilitymode.Abrowser-compatibleformtemplatecanbebrowserenabledwhenitispublishedtoaserverrunningInfoPathFormsServices.
browser-compatiblemode(n)~Amodethatdisplaysthenecessaryribbons,toolsand
filiteredfunctionalitysothattheresultingapplicationisWeb-compatible.
browser-enabledformtemplate(n)~Abrowser-compatibleformtemplatethathasbeen
publishedtoaserverrunningInfoPathFormsServices,andthathasbeenbrowser-enabled
sothatuserscanbothdisplayandfillouttheforminaWebbrowser.
browser-safepalette(n)~ApaletteofcolorsdesignedtodisplaypicturesontheWeb,
regardlessofthebrowseroroperatingsystemused.Abrowser-safecolorpaletteprotects
againstcolor-flashingorinaccuratecolormapping.
browsinghistory(n)~Auser’sprivateinformationsuchastemporaryfiles,history,
passwords,webformentries,andcookiesthatcapturesInternetsurfingandotheronline
activities.
brush(n)~Agraphicalobjectusedinpaintprogramstosketchorfillinareasofa
drawingwiththecolor,pattern,orimagecurrentlyinuse.
brushresource(n)~Abrushthatisencapsulatedinsuchawaythatitcanbereused
elsewhereinyourapplication.
brushstroke(n)~Alinestyleresemblingnaturalmediapaintstrokesorphotorealistic
imagesthatyoucanapplytoanobject.
BrushTransform(PN)~Atoolusedtomodifytheappearanceofabrushsetonan
object.Theappliedbrushcanberotated,scaled,skewed,etc.Theeffectisnotnoticedona
solidcolorbrush.
bruteforceattack(n)~Anattackbyamalicioususerormalicioussoftwareona
computeroroperatingsystemtofindasecretpasswordorasymmetricencryptionkeyby
guessingpasswordsorkeysuntilthecorrectpasswordorkeyisdiscovered.
BSB(n)~Aseriesof6digitsusedinAustraliaandNewZealandtoidentifybanksand
theirbranchesandforroutingtransactions.
BSD(n)~AUNIXversiondevelopedattheUniversityofCaliforniaatBerkeley,
providingadditionalcapabilitiessuchasnetworking,extraperipheralsupport,anduseof
extendedfilenames.BSDUNIXwasinstrumentalingainingwidespreadacceptanceof
UNIXandingettingacademicinstitutionsconnectedtotheInternet.BSDUNIXisnow
beingdevelopedbyBerkeleySoftwareDesign,Inc.
BSDLfile(n)~Anexternalfilethatdefinesthecapabilitiesofanysingledevice’s
boundaryscanlogic.
B-spline(PN)~Atoolthatallowsausertodrawavectorpathdefinedbyaseriesof
pointsthatindicatethedirectionthepathshouldfollow.
b-splinepath(n)~Avectorpathdefinedbyaseriesofpointsthatindicatethedirection
thepathshouldfollow.EachnodeonaB-splinepathcanbeacurveorcornercontrol
node.B-SplinepathsaresimilartoBezierpaths,butcurvesaredescribedbyanchorpoints
placedoffthepathitself.
BTC(n)~AdigitalcurrencythatusesBitcoin.
B-tree(n)~Atreestructureforstoringdatabaseindexes.
BTS(oth)~ThefamilyofMicrosoftserverproductsthatsupportlargescale
implementationmanagementofenterpriseapplicationintegrationprocesses.
BTW~(ByTheWay)-Internetslang.
bubblechart(n)~Avariationonascatterchartinwhichthedatapointsarereplacedwith
bubbles,andthreevaluesarecomparedinsteadoftwo.Thethirdvaluedeterminesthesize
ofthebubblemarker.
bubblemap(n)~Ageographicalmapthatdisplaysacircleoverspecificlocations,where
theradiusofthecircleisproportionaltoanumericvalue.
bubblepacket(n)~AdatapacketthatistypicallysenttocreateormaintainaNAT
mappingandconsistsofanIPv6headerwithnoIPv6payload.
bubble-jetprinter(n)~Aformofnonimpactprinterthatusesamechanismsimilartothat
usedbyanink-jetprintertoshootinkfromnozzlestoformcharactersonpaper.Abubblejetprinterusesspecialheatingelementstopreparetheink,whereasanink-jetprinteruses
piezoelectriccrystals.
bubbling(n)~InWindowsPresentationFoundation,aneventroutingstrategywherethe
eventinstancemovesuptheelementtree(startingwiththesourceandendingattheroot
ofthevisualtree).
bucket(n)~Avirtualcontainerthatholdsaparticularcategoryofitemsordata.
bucketcount(n)~Thenumberofbucketsinthehashindex.
Buckettool(n)~Atoolthatallowstheusertochangethecolorofagroupofpixelsat
once.
Bucketizer(PN)~Apost-processorthatprocessestherawXMLdatacollectedbythe
UpdateCompatibilityEvaluator(UCE)andsendsittoacentralizedlocation.
budget(n)~Astatementthatestimatesprojectedincomeandexpensesforaperiodof
time.
budget(n)~Afinancialplanthatcontrolexpendituresforplannedactivities.
budgetallocated(n)~Theamountofmoneydesignatedforanactivityortask.
BudgetAllocated(n)~IntheMicrosoftDynamicsCRMuserinterface,afieldinwhich
userstypetheamountofmoneydesignatedforacampaignactivity.
budgetallocationterm(n)~Thefinancialdimensionvaluesandthepercentagesthatare
usedtogeneratebudgetallocations.
budgetatcompletion(n)~Theoriginalproject,resource,andassignmentcostasshown
inthebaselineplan.Thebaselinecostisasnapshotofthecostatthetimewhenthe
baselineplanwassaved.
budgetcontrol(n)~Apracticeofauthorizingexpenditureonlywhenbudgetfundscanbe
reservedtomeetfuturepaymentcommitments.
budgetcontroldimension(n)~Acombinationofactivefinancialdimensionsvaluesused
toallocatebudgetfundstopayforplannedactivities.
budgetcontrolrule(n)~Theencodingofabusinessdecisiontocheckcommittedand
actualexpenditureagainstavailablebudgetfundsallocatedfordetailedoraggregate
activitiesdefinedbyvalidbudgetcontroldimensionvaluecombinations.
budgetcycletimespan(n)~Atimeperiodspecifiedasanumberoffiscalcalendar
periods.Thebudgetperiodcanbedifferentfromtheaccountingperiod.
budgetgroup(n)~Asetoffinancialdimensionvaluesinabudgetdimensionhierarchy
thatisusedtocalculateaggregatebudgetfundsallocatedtosuperordinatefinancial
dimensionvaluesbysummingbudgetfundsallocatedtosubordinatefinancialdimension
values.
budgetmodel(n)~Aplanningstructureusedtoschedulebudgetfundallocationsand
expenditures.
BudgetMonitoring(PN)~TheDuetend-userapplicationthatenablesMicrosoftOffice
Outlookuserstoreceivebudgetreports,alerts,andnotificationsthataregeneratedinSAP
systemsintheformofe-mailsdeliveredtoOutlookInbox.Userscanthenworkonthese
reportsfromwithinOutlook.
budgetplan(n)~Adocumentthatisusedtodevelopestimatesforamountsandunitsin
budgetplanscenarios.
budgetplanscenario(n)~Aclassificationofbudgetplanlines,suchasPrioryearor
Departmentrequest,thatdescribesthebudgetthatyouareworkingwithorplanningfor.
budgetplanningprocess(n)~Aprocessthatidentifiesthebudgetcycleandledgerforthe
budgetplanningperiodanddefineshowthebudgetplanswillberouted,reviewed,and
approvedinanorganizationhierarchy.
budgetresource(n)~Aresourcethatcapturesthemaximumcapacityforaprojectto
consumemoney,work,ormaterialunitsforaproject.Budgetscanonlybeappliedatthe
projectlevelbyassigningabudgetresourcetotheprojectsummarytask.
budgetrevision(n)~Achangetoabudgetthataffectsthecurrentandremainingavailable
budgetfunds.
budgetschedule(n)~Aschedulefortheplannedexpenditureofallocatedfinancial
resources.
budgetsource(n)~Thesourceoftheoriginalbudgetamountsfortheproject.
budgetthreshold(n)~Abudgetthresholdisthelevelofbudgetusageatwhichyoucan
preventpostingordisplaywarnings.
budgetedcostofworkperformed(n)~Theearnedvaluefieldthatindicateshowmuch
ofthetask’sbudgetshouldhavebeenspent,giventheactualdurationofthetask.
budgetedcostofworkscheduled(n)~Theearnedvaluefieldthatshowshowmuchof
thebudgetshouldhavebeenspent,inviewofthebaselinecostofthetask,assignment,or
resource.BCWSiscalculatedasthecumulativetimephasedbaselinecostsuptothestatus
dateortoday’sdate.
Budgeting&taxes(PN)~ThePersonalFinancesubcategorycontainingappstohelp
peoplecreatebudgetsandpreparetaxreturns.
buffer(n)~Anareaofmemoryreservedfortemporarilyholdingdatabeforethatdatais
usedbyareceivingdeviceorapplication.Bufferingprotectsagainsttheinterruptionof
dataflow.
buffer(v)~Tousearegionofmemorytoholddatathatiswaitingtobetransferred,
especiallytoorfrominput/output(I/O)devicessuchasdiskdrivesandserialports.
buffer(n)~Aquantityoftimeormaterialsmaintainedintheworkflowasacushion
againstfluctuationsinthroughput.
Buffer~Atemporarystorageareafordata,oftenusedto‘smoothout’incomingaudioor
videostreams.Severalsecondsworthofmaterialisstoredinthebufferanditisthen
playedbackfromthere,sothatifthereisabriefinterruptioninthestreamyourmusicor
videodoesn’tstop.
buffer~Astorageareausedforhandlingdataintransit.Buffersareusedin
internetworkingtocompensatefordifferencesinprocessingspeedbetweennetwork
devices.Burstsofdatacanbestoredinbuffersuntiltheycanbehandledbyslower
processingdevices.Sometimesreferredtoasa-packetbuffer.
buffercache(n)~Ablockofmemoryreservedforindexandtabledatapages.
bufferoverflow(n)~Aconditionthatresultsfromaddingmoreinformationtoabuffer
thanitwasdesignedtohold.Anattackermayexploitthisvulnerabilitytotakeovera
system.
bufferoverrun(n)~Aconditionthatresultsfromaddingmoreinformationtoabuffer
thanitwasdesignedtohold.Anattackermayexploitthisvulnerabilitytotakeovera
system.
bufferpool(n)~Ablockofmemoryreservedforindexandtabledatapages.
buffersize(n)~Thesizeoftheareaofmemoryreservedfortemporarystorageofdata.
bufferspace(n)~Theamountofmemory,inbytes,availablefortemporarystorageof
data.
bufferstorage(n)~Anareaofstoragethatisusedtoholddatatobepassedbetween
devicesthatarenotsynchronizedorhavedifferentbittransferrates.
buffering(n)~Astheclientrendersthestream,theinterruptionofflowwhiletheclient
temporarilystoresstreamingcontentbeforeplayingit,inordertoprotectagainstplayback
interruption.Thestreamingcontentisdownloadedintoabuffer,andthenplayedafteran
amountsufficienttopreventplaybackinterruptionhasbeenstored.Bufferingwillalways
occuriftheencodedbitrateofthestreamexceedstheavailablenetworkbandwidth.
BecauseaSmoothStreamingpresentationcontainsmultiplecopiesofthevideo,each
encodedatdifferentbitrates,theclientcanuseSmoothStreamingheuristicstoswitchtoa
bitratethatavoidsbuffering.
bug(n)~Anerrorincodingorlogicthatcausesaprogramtomalfunctionortoproduce
incorrectresults.
bug(n)~Atypeofworkitemthatrecordsapotentialsourceofdissatisfactionwiththe
product.Thecommonnameofaworkitemtypefortrackingcodedefects.
Bug~Error,especiallyinaprogram,thathasbeenmissedintesting.Thestorygoesthat
theoriginalbugwasaninsectthatgotitselfcrematedinsideanelectricalcircuitinan
earlycomputer,causingittofail(andIdon’tsupposetheinsectenjoyeditmuch,
either).-Ittookthemagestofigureoutwhatwascausingtheproblem,andwhenthey
eventuallyfoundthebugthestorypassedintolegend.
bug~Anerrorinapieceofsoftwarethatstopsitfromworkingthewaythatitshoulddo.
bugallotment(n)~Achunkofdevelopmenttimeallocatedtofixbugs.Anallotmentis
createdbyleavingslackintheiterationplan.
bugconvergence(n)~Thepointatwhichtherateoffixedbugsexceedstherateoffound
bugs.Bugconvergenceisavisibleindicationthattheteamismakingprogressagainstthe
activebugcount.Itisasignthattheprojectendiswithinreach.
build(n)~Anamedsetofdeliverables(softwarecomponents)produced,usuallyby
compiling,fromadiscretesetofsourceversions.
build(v)~Totranslateallthesourcecodeofaprogramfromahigh-levellanguageinto
objectcodepriortoexecutionoftheprogram.
build(n)~Theversionfromthemainassemblyoftheapplication,whichisautomatically
incrementedwhentheassemblyisbuilt,andwhichisstoredinAssemblyinfo.cs.
buildacceptancetest(n)~Agroupoftestsusedtodeterminethehealthofabuildata
highlevel.Typically,thesetestsexercisethecorefunctionalitytohelpteammembers
determinewhetherfurthertestingisworthwhile.Theyarerunafterthedailybuildto
verifythatcompilationofsourcecodehasbeenbuiltsuccessfullyandisreadyforfurther
testing.
buildactivity(n)~AWindowsWorkflowFoundationactivitythatispartoftheTeam
FoundationServerbuildprocess.Itincorporatesthelogicthatisexecutedbefore,during,
orafterthebuildingofasoftwareapplication.
buildagent(n)~Abackgroundprocessthatreceives,runs,andreportsonTeam
FoundationServerbuildsandotherpropertysettingsonasinglecomputer.Thebuild
agentcommunicateswiththebuildcontroller,usuallylocatedonanothercomputer.
buildconfiguration(n)~Theconfigurationofaparticularbuild.
buildcontroller(n)~Abackgroundprocessthatmanagesasetofbuildagents.
Buildcontrollername(n)~Thenameofabuildcontroller.TouseTeamFoundation
Build,yourteammusthaveatleastonebuildcontrollertoperformlightweighttasksand
distributetheprocessor-intensiveworkofyourbuildprocesstoitspoolofbuildagents.
buildcycle(n)~Apartoftheinternalreleasecycle.Itistheprocessofaddingfeatures,
creatingtestcasesforeach,stabilizingeachfeaturebeforebuildingnewfeatures,andthen
releasingforevaluation.
builddefinition(n)~Asetofa)buildactivitiesandb)theconditionsunderwhichthe
workflowisactivated,thattogetherbuildasinglesolutionorasetofsolutionsinateam
project.
BuildDependencies(n)~Whenbuildingasolutionthatcontainsmultipleprojects,itcan
benecessarytobuildcertainprojectsfirst,togeneratecodeusedbyotherprojects.Build
dependenciesallowyoutospecifywhichprojectsdependonwhichotherprojects.
builddirectory(n)~Afolderlocationonthedevelopmentsysteminwhichtherun-time
imageisplacedduringthebuildprocess.
buildengineer(n)~Anengineerwhoisresponsibleforthecompilationofanamedsetof
deliverablesfromadiscretesetofsourceversions.
builderror(n)~Amessagethatnotifiesyouofanissuethatbreaksthebuild.
buildevent(n)~Thedefinitionofthebuildprocess.Abuildeventletsyouspecifyan
actiontooccurataspecifictimeinthebuildprocess.Forexample,youcoulduseabuild
eventtoregisterafilewithregsvr32.exeaftertheprojectfinishesbuilding.
buildhealth(n)~Thequalityoftheas-builtsoftware.
buildlog(n)~TherecordedtextoutputofaVisualStudiobuild,oftenindicating
commandlinesissuedandstatusofeachstepinthebuildprocess.ForaC++build,this
fileiscalledBuildLog.htm.
buildminute(n)~Aunitofmeasurefortheamountofcomputingtimeittakestobuilda
project.
BuildNotifications(n)~MicrosoftVisualStudioapplicationthatcanbeaccessedthrough
TeamFoundationServerToolstoreceivealertsfromthesystemtraywhenabuildis
completed.
buildnumber(n)~Aversionofaprogram.
buildpolicy(n)~Asetofrulesthatenablesdeveloperstorun,monitor,andmanage
builds.
buildrule(n)~AsetofguidelinesthatdeterminehowaVisualStudioprojectisbuilt.
BuildServiceAccountsgroup(n)~Abuildservercanbuildandtestcodeinateam
projectcollectiononlyifthebuildserviceaccountisamemberoftheProjectCollection
BuildServiceAccounts-groupofthatcollection.
buildtype(n)~Atemplateusedtomanagetheconditionsunderwhichasinglesolutionor
asetofsolutionswillbebuilt.
buildverificationtest(n)~Agroupoftestsusedtodeterminethehealthofabuildata
highlevel.Typically,thesetestsexercisethecorefunctionalitytohelpteammembers
determinewhetherfurthertestingisworthwhile.Theyarerunafterthedailybuildto
verifythatcompilationofsourcecodehasbeenbuiltsuccessfullyandisreadyforfurther
testing.
builder(n)~Atoolthatsimplifiesatask.
buildingblock(n)~Areusablepieceofcontent,formattinginformationorother
documentpartsthatarestoredingalleries.
buildingblock(n)~Oneofthreeprimaryelements(rowworksheet,columnworksheet,
andreportingtree)usedtoconstructareportinManagementReporter.
BuildingBlocksOrganizer(n)~Afeaturethatallowsuserstopreview,editordelete
buildingblocksinavarietyofgalleries,andinsertthemintothecurrentdocument.
buildingplan(n)~Ageneralcategorythatcouldrepresentafloorplan,homeplan,or
otherlayout.
build-to-order(n)~Pertainingtotheprocessofmanufacturingacomputeraccordingtoa
customer`sspecification.
build-to-plan(n)~Pertainingtotheprocessofmanufacturingcomputersaccordingtoa
generalspecification.
built-in(v)~Pertainingtoasourcecategoryofloggingfieldsthatisincludedbydefaultin
IISAdvancedLoggingandwhichcannotbeedited.
built-inadministrator(n)~OnWindows-basedcomputers,auseraccountthatisa
memberofthecomputer’slocalAdministratorsgrouporamemberofagroupthatisa
memberofthelocalAdministratorsgroup,suchastheDomainAdminsgroupina
Windowsdomain.Thisisthefirstaccountthatiscreatedwhenyouinstallanoperating
systemonanewworkstation,stand-aloneserver,ormemberserver.Bydefault,this
accounthasthehighestlevelofadministrativeaccesstothelocalcomputer.
built-inadministratoraccount(n)~OnWindows-basedcomputers,auseraccountthatis
amemberofthecomputer’slocalAdministratorsgrouporamemberofagroupthatisa
memberofthelocalAdministratorsgroup,suchastheDomainAdminsgroupina
Windowsdomain.Thisisthefirstaccountthatiscreatedwhenyouinstallanoperating
systemonanewworkstation,stand-aloneserver,ormemberserver.Bydefault,this
accounthasthehighestlevelofadministrativeaccesstothelocalcomputer.
built-inapp(n)~Anappthatisincludedintheproductwhenauserfirststartsusingit.
built-inexperience(n)~AnexperiencethatshipsnativelyinWin8and-thatvendorscan
extend-e.g.print,mobilebroadband.
built-infunctions(n)~AgroupofpredefinedfunctionsprovidedaspartoftheTransactSQLandMultidimensionalExpressionslanguages.
built-ingroup(n)~Adefaultsecuritygroupinstalledwiththeoperatingsystem.Built-in
groupshavebeengrantedusefulcollectionsofrightsandbuilt-inabilities.
built-inmenu(n)~Amenuthatisavailablebydefaultinanapplication;itisnotcreated
bytheuser.
built-inmicrophone(n)~Amicrophonethatispartofadevice.
built-inrolegroup(n)~Arolegroupthatshipsbydefaultasopposedtoacustomized
rolegroupthataadminwouldcustomizespecificallyfortheneedsoftheirorganization
built-instyle(n)~Theformattingattributesthatareavailablebydefaultinan
application’sstylelist.
built-intoolbar(n)~Atoolbarthatispartofanapplicationwhenit’sinstalledonyour
computer.
BUILTIN\Administrators(n)~Useraccount(localadministrators)
bulkadd(n)~Aprocedurebywhichanadministratorcanaddagroupofusers(or
propertiesforusers)toanaccount.
bulkcopy(n)~Anactionofcopyingalargesetofdata.
BulkCopyProgram(n)~AcommandpromptbulkcopyutilitythatcopiesSQLServer
datatoorfromanoperatingsystemfileinauser-specifiedformat.
BulkDeletion(PN)~Asystemjobthatdeletesselectedrecordsfromoneentity.
BulkDuplicateDetection(PN)~Asystemjobthatdetectsduplicaterecordsforone
entity.
bulkedit(n)~Aprocedurebywhichausercansimultaneouslychangespecified
propertiesforagroupofselecteditems.
BulkE-mail(PN)~Asystemjobthatsendse-mailmessagestorecipientsspecifiedbythe
user.
bulkencryption(n)~Aprocessinwhichlargeamountsofdata,suchasfiles,e-mail
messages,oronlinecommunicationssessions,areencryptedforconfidentiality.Itis
usuallydonewithasymmetrickeyalgorithm.
bulkexport(n)~TocopyalargesetofdatarowsoutofaSQLServertableintoadata
file.
bulkimport(v)~Toloadalargeamountofdata,usuallyinbatches,fromadatafileor
repositorytoanotherdatarepository.
BulkImportWizard(n)~Atoolusedtoaddmultiplerowsofdataintoadatabaseinone
operation.
bulkingestion(n)~Theintakeofmultiplepiecesofcontentbyaserviceinasingle
operation.
bulkitem(n)~Aformulaiteminputintoaproductdeliveryactivity.
bulkload(n)~Anactionofinsertingalargesetofrowsintoatable.
bulklogbackup(n)~Abackupthatincludesloganddatapageschangedbybulk
operations.Point-in-timerecoveryisnotallowed.
bulkmail(n)~Large-volumemail.
bulkmailprotection(n)~Afeaturethatenablestheblockingofnewsletter-typeemail
thatusersmayhaveoptedinto.
bulkorder(n)~Anorderforalargequantityofproductsorservices.Theminimum
quantitythatqualifiesasabulkorderissetbyindividualcompanies.
bulkrowsetprovider(n)~AproviderusedfortheOPENROWSETinstructiontoread
datafromafile.InSQLServer2005,OPENROWSETcanreadfromadatafilewithout
loadingthedataintoatargettable.ThisenablesyoutouseOPENROWSETwithasimple
SELECTstatement.
BulkSmartCardIssuanceTool(PN)~Asoftwareprogramrunningonaclientcomputer
thatacertificatemanagercanusetosimultaneouslyissuemultiplecertificates.
bulkstorage(n)~Anymediumcapableofcontaininglargequantitiesofinformation,
suchastape,fixeddisk,oropticaldisc.
bulk-loggedrecoverymodel(n)~Adatabaserecoverymodethatminimallylogsbulk
operations,suchasindexcreationandbulkimports,whilefullyloggingothertransactions.
Bulk-loggedrecoveryincreasesperformanceforbulkoperations,andisintendedtobe
usedanadjuncttothefullrecoverymodel.
bulleted(adj)~Markedwithabullet(atypographicalsymbolsuchasafilledorempty
circle,diamond,box,orasterisk.)
bulletedlist(n)~Alistinwhicheachitemorblockoftextisprecededbyabullet.
Bulletedlist(PN)~TheSwaybuttonthatallowsuserstocreateabulletedlistoutoftheir
text.
BulletinBoard~Asemi-publicareawhichcomputeruserscanconnecttousinga
modem,toreadandpostmessagesand/orexchangefiles.Nowlargelyreplacedby
websites.
BulletinBoardSystem(n)~Anapplicationorcomputerthatmakesitpossibletojoinan
onlinecommunityandexchangemessages,sharefiles,andparticipateinUsenetandchat
rooms,oftenatnotcost.TheBBSfounditsinspirationintraditionalbulletinboardsthat
heldparticipants’postedcommunication.
bumpmap(n)~Asetofper-pixelcolorandluminancedatausedtosimulaterelief,detail,
ortexture(bumps)onthesurfaceofagraphicobjectwithoutmodifyingthegeometryof
theobjectmodel.
bumpmapping(n)~Atechniqueforsimulatingtheappearanceofroughsurfacesin3-D
scenes.Variationsindeptharestoredinatextureandappliedtogeometry,usingstandard
texture-blendingtechniques.
bumperadvertisements(n)~Advertisingcontentthatisplayedbeforeandafterthe
primarycontent.
bundle(n)~Tocombineproductsforsaleasalot.Frequently,operatingsystemsoftware
andsomewidelyusedapplicationsarebundledwithacomputersystemforsale.
bundle(n)~Thegroupingofjobsinshopfloorcontrolsothatmultiplejobscanbestarted
atonetime.
bundle(n)~Thecombinationofanumberofproductsforsaleasoneunit.
bundle(v)~Togroupjobsinshopfloorcontrolsothatmultiplejobscanbestartedatone
time.
bundledtrial(n)~Atrialsubscriptionforaservicethatincludesdifferentoptions.
bundling(n)~Thecombingoffiles(typicallyJavaScript,CSS)intoonefiletoreducethe
numberofHTTPrequestsforresources.
burdenhour(n)~Anhourthatisincludedinacalculationasnonbillableorinefficient,
e.g.,hoursthatcannotbechargedtoacustomer.
buriedvia(n)~Acopperplatedholethatinterconnectsoneormoreinternallayers,but
doesnotconnecttoanexternallayer,hencetheholeiscompletelyinternalorburied
withintheboard.
burn(v)~TocopyfilestoarecordableCD.
Burn~CreateaCDorDVD.
burn~CreateaCDorDVD.
BurnaSharingDisc(v)~Acontrolthatinitiatesburningadiscwithselectedpicturesfor
sharing.
burndestination(n)~Thedrivethatisusedtoburnthedisc.
BurnPicturesandVideosWizard(n)~Thewizardusedtoburnpicturesandvideosona
disk.
burnrate(n)~Acalculationofthecompletedandrequiredrateofworkbasedona
specifiedtimeperiod.
burndown(n)~Thetrendofcompletedandremainingworkoveraspecifiedtimeperiod.
burndownchart(n)~Agraphicalrepresentationoftheamountofworkleftandthe
periodoftimeavailable.
BurntGlazeButton(n)~AbuttonontheComfyCakesgameinterfacethatallowsthe
playertoselectaburntglazefinishfortheircake.
burst(n)~Transferofablockofdataallatonetimewithoutabreak.Certain
microprocessorsandcertainbuseshavefeaturesthatsupportvarioustypesofburst
transfers.
burst(n)~Themultiplephotostakenonshutterpresstocapturemovingsubjects.The
usercanpickthebestoneorjustacceptthephotorecommendedbythesoftware.
burst~Temporaryincreasednetworkloadingduetoadatasurgeoralarmavalanche
burstdensity(n)~ThefractionofRTP(Real-TimeTransportProtocol)datapackets
withinburstperiodssincethebeginningofreceptionthatwereeitherlostordiscarded.A
burstperiodisaperiodinwhichahighproportionofpacketsareeitherlostordiscarded
duetolatearrival.
burstduration(n)~Themeanduration,expressedinmilliseconds,oftheburstperiods
thathaveoccurredsincethebeginningofreception.
burstlength(n)~Themeanduration,expressedinmilliseconds,oftheburstperiodsthat
haveoccurredsincethebeginningofreception.
burstmode(n)~Amethodofdatatransferinwhichinformationiscollectedandsentasa
unitinonehigh-speedtransmission.Inburstmode,aninput/outputdevicetakescontrolof
amultiplexerchannelforthetimerequiredtosenditsdata.Ineffect,themultiplexer,
whichnormallymergesinputfromseveralsourcesintoasinglehigh-speeddatastream,
becomesachanneldedicatedtotheneedsofonedeviceuntiltheentiretransmissionhas
beensent.Burstmodeisusedbothincommunicationsandbetweendevicesinacomputer
system.
burstmode(n)~Acameraoptionthatenablesuserstocapturemovingsubjectsby
snappingmultiplephotosonshutterpressandallowingtheusertopickthebestoneorjust
acceptthephotorecommendedbythesoftware.
bus(n)~Acommunicationlineusedfordatatransferamongthecomponentsofa
computersystem.
bus~Acommunicationpathwaybetweenthecomponentsinyourcomputer.
bus~Bustopologyhascomputersconnectedtoastrandofnetworkcablingthatis
connectedtonetworkrepeatersatoneendandterminatedattheother.
busenumerator(n)~InaPlugandPlay(PnP)operatingsystem,abusdriverthatdetects
devicesthatarelocatedonaspecificbus.Thedriverthenloadsinformationaboutthe
devicesintothehardwaretree.
business(n)~Anentitythatprovidesgoodsand/orservicestoothers.
Business(adj)~Afieldthatcontainsacontact’sbusinessphonenumber.
business(PN)~Anappcategorythatfacilitatesbusinessoperationsorcareer
advancement.
Business(PN)~Anappcategorythatfacilitatesbusinessoperationsorcareer
advancement.
businessaccount(n)~Thepersonorbusinesstowhichthesalespersontriestosella
productorservice.
BusinessActivityMonitoring(n)~ABizTalkServerfeaturethatgivesbusinessusersa
real-timeviewoftheirheterogeneousbusinessprocesses,enablingthemtomake
importantbusinessdecisions.
BusinessActivityServices(n)~ABizTalkServerfeaturethatenablesbusinessusersto
configurebusinessprocessesandinteractwithtradingpartners.
businessactivitystatement(n)~AformthatAustralianbusinessesfiletoreportandpay
taxes.
businessanalyst(n)~Apersonwhoidentifiesthebusinessneedsoftheirclientstohelp
determinesolutionstobusinessproblems.Thispersonhasastrongknowledgeofbusiness
activitymonitoringandenterpriseprocessmanagement.Thispersonanalyzes
multidimensionalbusinessinformationbasedonkeyperformanceindicatorsandisa
liaisonbetweenseniormanagementandtheITstaff.
businessanalytics(n)~ThecategoryofservicesinMicrosoftAzurethatincludesSQL
StreamInsight,SQLReporting,andHadoop.
businessanalyticsservice(n)~ThecategoryofservicesinMicrosoftAzurethatincludes
SQLStreamInsight,SQLReporting,andHadoop.
businessapplication(n)~AcollectionofWeb-basedlists,libraries,calendars,andother
pagesyouusetoshareinformationandmanageanareaofyourbusiness,suchasyour
projects,documents,andcompanyinformation.
BusinessApplications(n)~AfeaturethatprovidesWeb-basedapplicationsinacentral
locationtohelpbusinessesmanagesales,customerrelationships,projects,employees,and
companyfunctions.
BusinessCard(n)~Acard-likelayoutonanOutlookContactthatprovidestheuserwith
thelookofarealworldbusinesscard.
businessclassification(n)~Aclassifierthatclassifiesorganizationsinanindustry
classificationsystem.
businessclosure(n)~Aperiodoftimethatanentirebusinessisnotavailableforservice
activities.
BusinessConnectivityServices(PN)~Afeaturethatenablesuserstointeractwithbackend(LOB)datafromwithintheOfficeSuiteandSharePoint.
businesscontact(n)~Anindividualwhoisinterestedindoingbusinessorwhocurrently
doesbusinesswithyourorganization.Acontactmayormaynotbepartofalarger
organization(account).
BusinessContactManager(PN)~Afeatureoradd-inforOutlookthatenablessmall
businessownerstolistbusinesscontacts,accounts,andopportunities,andtoperform
severaltasksrelatedtomanagingandtrackinginformationaboutthebusiness.
BusinessContactManagerdatabase(n)~Thedatabasethatstoresinformationabout
accounts,businesscontacts,opportunities,businessprojects,andotheritems.
BusinessContactManagerforMicrosoftOutlook2010DatabaseTool(PN)~A
downloadabletoolthatprovidesuserswithadministrationcapabilitiessuchascreating,
sharing,backinguporrestoringadatabase.
BusinessContactManagerforMicrosoft-®OfficeOutlook-®2007(n)~Microsoft
supplementalsoftwareshippedonaseparatediscthataddssmall-businesscontact
managementcapabilitiestoOfficeOutlook2007.Itenablesuserstoorganizecustomer
andprospectinformation,andmanagesalesandmarketingactivitiesinonelocation.
BusinessContactManagerforOutlook(PN)~Afeatureoradd-inforOutlookthat
enablessmallbusinessownerstolistbusinesscontacts,accounts,andopportunities,andto
performseveraltasksrelatedtomanagingandtrackinginformationaboutthebusiness.
BusinessContactManagerHomePage(n)~Adocumentthatservesasastartingpoint
forexploringBusinessContactManagerforOutlook.Thehomepageisdisplayedby
defaultandcanbecustomized.
BusinessContactManagerLearningCenter(n)~AWebpagethatcontainshyperlinks
totheQuickStartGuide,theMicrosoftOfficeOnlineWebsite,andselectedHelptopics
aboutthenewestfeatures.
BusinessContactManagertoolbar(n)~Thetoolbaratthetopofanitemwhereyoucan
viewexistinglinksorcreatenewlinkstoAccount,BusinessContact,Opportunity,or
BusinessProjectrecords.
BusinessContactRecord(n)~Thelocationforstoringbusinesscontactinformation,
includinginformationthatisenteredontheBusinessContactform,linkedrecords,and
communicationhistoryitems.
BusinessContinuity(n)~Strategiesandprocessesforkeepinganorganization’sinternal
andexternalapplications,workloads,andservicesupandrunningduringplanned
downtimeandunplannedoutages.
businessdataaction(n)~Alinkthatappearsalongsidebusinessobjectsfromthe
ApplicationRegistry.Theselinkscanopenwebpages,displaytheuserinterfacesoflineof-businessapplications,launchInfoPathforms,or,throughcustomactions,invokeany
logicina.NETassembly.
BusinessDataActionsGallery(PN)~ThesitecollectionlevelgalleryofXMLmetadata
filesthatdefinesbusinessdataactions.
BusinessDataCollaborationWorkspace(PN)~TheCollaborateOnsitethatisboundto
aBCSexternalcontenttype.
BusinessDataConnectivityModelTemplate(PN)~AVisualStudioprojecttemplate
thatenablesyoutocreateyourown.NETConnectivityAssemblies.
BusinessDataConnectivityservice(PN)~AsharedserviceinWindowsSharePoint
ServicesandSharePointServerthatprovidesameansforstoring,securing,and
administeringexternalcontenttypesandrelatedobjects.
BusinessDataConnectivityServiceApplication(n)~Adeployedinstanceofthe
BusinessDataConnectivitySharedService.
BusinessDataConnectivityServiceApplicationProxy(PN)~Anapplicationproxythat
allowsWebapplicationstoconnecttoaBusinessDataConnectivitySharedService
Applicationandcontainsfeaturesforusingthesharedservice.
BusinessDataConnectivitySharedService(PN)~AsharedserviceinWindows
SharePointServicesandSharePointServerthatprovidesameansforstoring,securing,
andadministeringexternalcontenttypesandrelatedobjects.
BusinessDataSchema(n)~Aframeworkforthebusinessdataanobjectcarrieswithit.
BusinessDataTaskPanesGallery(PN)~Thesitecollectionlevelgallerycontainingthe
XMLmetadatafilesthatdefinetaskpanelayoutsdisplayingbusinessdatainexternaldata
parts.
businessdatabase(n)~TherepositoryforallBusinessContactManagerforOutlook
data.
businessdocument(n)~Aviewofasourcedocumentthatisissuedbyonepartyand
receivedbyoneormoreotherparties.
businessdriver(n)~Aconditionorphenomenonthathasthepotentialtoimpacta
businesseitherpositivelyornegatively.
businessdriver(n)~Abriefstatementthatdefinesclearlyandspecificallythedesired
businessoutcomesoftheorganizationalongwiththenecessaryactivitiestoreachthem.
BusinessEdition(PN)~TheeditionofMicrosoftAzureSQLDatabasethatoffers
relationaldatabasesrun(upto150GB)onsharedresources,withbuilt-inreplicaswithina
datacenter,anddynamicscale-outofthousandsofdistributeddatabases.
businessevent(n)~Theabstractionofaneconomiceventandanaccountingevent.
BusinessHistoryFolder(n)~Afolderthatcontainsallhistoryitemsandtherecordsthey
arelinkedto.
businesshours(n)~Thedaysoftheweekandthehoursofeachdaythatahuntgroupis
availabletotakephonecalls.
BusinessInformation(PN)~AUIelementthatlinkstoapagewheretheaccountowner
canenterinformation,suchasaddressandphonenumber,forhisorhercompanyor
organization.
BusinessInsights(PN)~TheanswersCortanaprovidesthatarebasedoncorporatedata
insideaPowerBIdataset.
businessintelligence(n)~Theaggregation,storage,analysis,andreportingofdataforthe
purposeofinformingbusinessdecisionmakers.
BusinessIntelligenceCenter(PN)~ASharePointsitetemplatethatprovidesanentry
pointforuserstoaccessthebusinessintelligenceecosystem.
BusinessIntelligenceDevelopmentStudio(n)~Aprojectdevelopmentandmanagement
toolforbusinessintelligencesolutiondevelopers.Itcanbeusedtodesignend-to-end
businessintelligencesolutionsthatintegrateprojectsfromMicrosoftSQLServerAnalysis
Services(SSAS),MicrosoftSQLServerIntegrationServices(SSIS),andMicrosoftSQL
ServerReportingServices(SSRS).
BusinessIntelligenceResourceCenter(n)~Awebsitethatprovidesinformationabout
businessintelligenceinMicrosoftSharePointServer2010.
businesslogic(n)~Thepartofanapplicationprogramthatperformstherequireddata
processingofthebusiness.Itreferstotheroutinesthatperformthedataentry,update,
queryandreportprocessing,andmorespecificallytotheprocessingthattakesplace
behindthescenesratherthanthepresentationlogicrequiredtodisplaythedataonthe
screen.
businesslogichandler(n)~Amergereplicationfeaturethatallowsyoutoruncustom
codeduringthesynchronizationprocess.
businesslogichandlerframework(n)~Thebusinesslogichandlerframeworkallows
youtowriteamanagedcodeassemblythatiscalledduringthemergesynchronization
process.
BusinessLogicModule(n)~AmodulethatcontainsBusinessLogicsoftwareandis
calledtoenforcedataconstraintsand/orperformtasksthatareloadedandexecutedina
host-specificrun-timeenvironment.
businessmanager(n)~Apersonwhoisresponsibleformanaginginformationand
interactingwithbusinessprocesses,structuredaswellasadhoc.Thispersonmanages
businessusersorinformationworkerswhoalsocreateinformationandconsumebusiness
process.ThispersonactsasaliaisonbetweeninformationworkersandtheITdepartment
wherebusinessanalysts,developers,andITstaffwork.Thispersonisalsoresponsiblefor
automating,building,anddeployingbusinessprocesses.
BusinessModeler(n)~AcomponentofPerformancePointPlanningServerthatisthe
primaryinterfacefordesigningandmanagingbusinessapplicationsthatperformcomplex
planning,budgeting,forecasting,andconsolidation.
businessmodelingobjects(n)~Thesetofobjectsthatamodelerusestocreateacustom
application.Thesetincludesthefollowingprimaryobjectcategories:system,application,
model,andmodelingsite.Primaryobjectcategoriescancontainotherobjectcategories.
Forexample,system-levelsecurityobjectsandapplication-levelsecurityobjects.
BusinessNetworkprofile(n)~AnentitythatrepresentsapersonintheBusiness
Network,towhichperson-typeentitiesinCRMcanbelinked.
BusinessNetworkrelationship(n)~Anexplicit(forexample,-€œcolleague-€?)or
implicit(forexample,-€œsent100emailsinthelast30days-€?)relationship,with
inherentstrength,betweenpeopleintheBusinessNetwork.
businessnote(n)~AnOutlookitemthatcanbeattachedtoarecord’shistorylog.
Typicallyanotecontainsinformationregardingaconversationwithacustomerorother
peopleinthecompanytheyworkfor.
businessoperation(n)~Alogicalbusinessactioncontrolledbythebusinessoperation
frameworkandimplementedbyaclassthatcommunicateswiththeframeworkusingdata
contracts.
BusinessOperationFramework(PN)~Themodel-view-controllerframeworkthat
synchronouslyorasynchronouslycontrolstheexecutionofimmediateorbatchedbusiness
operationimplementations.
BusinessPhone(PN)~Thefieldwherethetelephonenumberforabusinesscanbe
entered.
businesspresentation(n)~Apresentationcreatedforbusinesspurposes.
businessprocess(n)~Aspecifiedsequenceofstepsrequiredtocompleteacomplextask,
suchascreatingacontract.Abusinessprocesscanbeperformedmanuallyorthroughthe
useofaworkflowrule.
businessprocessflow(n)~Anoperationalprocessthatguidesausertoachieveacertain
goal.
BusinessProcessModelingNotation(PN)~Astandardnotationforprocessmanagement
developedbytheBusinessProcessManagementInitiative.
BusinessProcessWorkspace(n)~Aninterfacethatenablesbusinessmanagerstotrack
andmanageallthebusinessprocessesfromSTS.
BusinessProject(n)~AprojectthatiscreatedinBusinessContactManagerforOutlook.
Abusinessprojectismadeupofoneorseveralprojecttasks.
businessrelation(n)~Anyorganization,person,orotherlegalentitywithwhoma
companyhassignificantinteraction,suchassalesorservices.
businessrole(n)~Anaccessprivilegethatenablesuser-definedrolesforviewingand
analyzingbusinessdata.
businessrule(n)~Aprescribedactionthatperformsoneormultipleoperationsonthe
multidimensionaldatainamodel.
BusinessRule(n)~Acriteria-basedrulethatcanrouteTicketstotheappropriateCSRor
QueueaswellasperformspecificActionsonTickets.
BusinessRuleComposer(PN)~Agraphicaluserinterface(GUI)toolthatisusedto
createanddeployspecificversionsofbusinesspolicies.
BusinessRuleEngine(n)~Arun-timeinferenceenginethatevaluatesrulesagainstfacts
andinitiatesactionsbasedontheresultsofthatevaluation.
businessrules(n)~Thelogicalrulesthatareusedtorunabusiness
BusinessRules(PN)~Anodeinthesolutionexplorerthatwilldisplayalltherulesthat
arecreatedonattributesonthecurrententityandthatapplytootherentities.
BusinessRulesworkspace(n)~InPerformancePointPlanningBusinessModeler,auser
interfaceareathatallowsyoutocreateandmanagebusinessrulesets,businessrules,and
modelproperties.
BusinessScorecardBuilder(n)~Aclientapplicationthatisusedtocreateandmanage
businessperformancescorecardsandtocreateviewsofthesescorecards.
BusinessScorecardManagerServer(n)~Thesetofthreeservercomponentsfor
MicrosoftOfficeBusinessScorecardManager;thecomponentsareaWebservice,a
metadatadatabase,andWebPartsforaMicrosoftSharePointProductsandTechnologies
Website.
BusinessScorecardManagerServerdatabase(n)~Adatabasethatstoresmetadatafor
scorecards,includinguserpermissionsandthesettingsforscorecardelements.
BusinessScorecardManagerServerWebParts(n)~AfeatureofBusinessScorecard
ManagerthatprovidesviewsofscorecardelementsanddataonaMicrosoftSharePoint
ProductsandTechnologiesWebsite.
BusinessScorecardManagerServerWebservice(n)~Anapplicationprogramming
interface(API)thatprovidesthecorefunctionalityofMicrosoftOfficeBusiness
ScorecardManager.
businessservice(n)~Acollectionoffeaturesandfunctionsthatenableabusiness
process,includingconfigurationitems,metadata,andthepeopleassociatedwiththe
process.
businessservices(n)~For-feeservicesthatareavailableontheMicrosoftSmallBusiness
CenterWebsite.
BusinessStoreforWindows10(PN)~?AportalwhereabusinessorITmanagercan
purchaseWindowsStoreapps,andalsomanagetheassignmentofappownershipto
employees.
businesstask(n)~Awork-relatedactionitemthatcanbetrackedthroughcompletion.A
businesstaskmayoccuronceorrepeatedly.
businesstechnology~Pervasivetechnologyusethatboostsbusinessresults.
businesstobusiness(adj)~Relatingtothesalescategorypertainingtotransactionsand
relatedactivitybetweenabusinessandbuyerswhoarenotconsumers,suchas
governmentbodies,companies,andresellers.
businesstool(n)~Anitemthatisfrequentlyaccessed(suchasreportsandtheproductand
serviceitemslist)whenusingBusinessContactManagerforOutlook.Manyoftheseare
listedontheBusinessToolsMenu.
BusinessToolsmenu(n)~ThemenuontheOutlookmenubarthatprovidesaccessto
BusinessContactManagerfunctions.
businesstype(n)~Thekindofbusinessorganizationorsector(suchasapubliccompany,
apartnership,aprivatecorporation,andsoon).
businessunit(n)~Asemi-autonomousoperatingunitthatiscreatedtomeetstrategic
businessobjectives.
BusinessUnitSettings(n)~Asub-areaoftheSettingsmodulewherebusinessunits,
users,securityroles,teams,facilitiesandequipment,resourcegroups,andqueuesare
managed.
businessuser(n)~Aninformationuser,suchasabusinessmanager,marketingmanager,
orbusinessanalystthatusesinformationtomakecriticaldecisions.
businessview(n)~Abusinessdataperspective.Designatedfieldsandrecordsare
arrangedinadesignatedsequence.
business-to-business(adj)~Relatingtothesalescategorypertainingtotransactionsand
relatedactivitybetweenabusinessandbuyerswhoarenotconsumers,suchas
governmentbodies,companies,andresellers.
business-to-businessintegration(n)~Theexchangeofelectronicdocumentsbetween
twocompanies,forexample,forthepurposeoftrading.
business-to-businesssite(n)~AWebsitedesignedforthecreationandtransmissionof
purchaseordersbetweenbusinessesthathaveanestablishedrelationship.
business-to-consumersite(n)~AWebsitethatprovidesretailshoppingdirectlytothe
public.
busy(adj)~Pertainingtotimewhenapersonisalreadyscheduledforanothertaskandis
notavailable.
busy(adj)~Pertainingtothestateofaphonelinewhenitisinuse.
Busy(PN)~Anitemontheuser’sMyStatusmenu.Thisisastatustheusercanselectto
indicatethattheyarecurrentlybusy.
BusyInactive(PN)~Apresencestatusthatindicatesapersonisinameetingoris
scheduledtobeinameeting,buttheircomputerhasbeeninactivefortheidletimeperiod
setting.
busysignal(n)~Theindicationthatthephoneisbusy.
button(n)~Agraphicelementthatappearssimilartoaphysicalbuttonorkeyboardkeyin
theUI.Abuttonispressed’byclickingonitwithamouse
button(n)~Amovablepieceonadevicethatispressedtoactivatesomefunction.
buttoncontrol(n)~Agraphicalcontrolthatenablesausertoprovideinputtoan
application.
buttonface(n)~Thesurfaceofabuttonwheretextoranimage(typicallyindicatingthe
button’sfunction)maybedisplayed.
buttongrid(n)~Arectangulargroupofbuttonswithsimilarfunctionsonapoint-of-sale
screen.
Buy(v)~ThelevelintheMediaConsoleaccounthierarchythatrepresentsthemediabuys
thatsupportanadvertisingcampaign.TheBuylevelissubordinatetotheMediaPlan
level.
BuyNow(v)~AcontenttemplateusedinCommerceServertofacilitateimpulse
shopping:ausercanpurchasegoodsfromanyWebpageontheInternet.Whenauser
clicksaproductimage,adialogboxappearspromptingtheuserforashippingaddressand
creditcardinformation.
BuySkypeCredit(PN)~Acalltoactionontheskype.comhomepage.Userscan
purchaseSkypeCredittopayforusingSkypeproducts.
buyercurrency(n)~Thecurrencyunitusedonasitetoconvertandformatasecond
currencyfordualdisplay.
buyerID(oth)~Acodethatidentifiesthepersonwhopurchasestheitemfromasupplier.
buyer’spush(n)~Theprocesswhereproductsarepurchasedbyacentralizedpurchasing
departmentandthendistributedtostores.
buzz(n)~Afeaturethatshowssuggestionsforthingsthataretrendingorpopularbased
onsocialnetworkingamalgamation.
Buzz(PN)~Thetotalnumber(thevolume)ofpostsinasetoffilters/dataset.
BV(oth)~Byusingatechnologycalledvideoencodedinvisiblelight(VEIL),amethod
wherebyMarketingPilotuserscanverifythattheTVadsthathavebeenorderedactually
ranasordered.
BVT(n)~Agroupoftestsusedtodeterminethehealthofabuildatahighlevel.
Typically,thesetestsexercisethecorefunctionalitytohelpteammembersdetermine
whetherfurthertestingisworthwhile.Theyarerunafterthedailybuildtoverifythat
compilationofsourcecodehasbeenbuiltsuccessfullyandisreadyforfurthertesting.
bydefault(Adverb)~Howaprogram’sactionisdeterminediftheuserdoesnotmakea
choiceorsupplyarequiredvalue.
BYOC/CALdiscount(n)~Adiscountedrateforsoftwareorservicesavailableto
customerswhoalreadyownclientaccesslicenses(CALs).
BYOD(PN)~Thesetoffeaturesthatletemployeesusepersonaldevicestoaccess
corporateinformationandservicesandletITadminsmanagesuchdevices.
BYOL(adj)~Pertainingtofeaturesthatallowuseofexistingproductlicensesfora
productthatisusedinconnectionwithanotherproduct.
BYOS(n)~Thepolicyofpermittingexistingcustomerstoutilizetheirownsubscriptions
withinthepubliccloudandeasilymovenewandexistingworkloadsbetweentheirdata
centersandthecloud.
BYOSRedHatEnterpriseLinux(PN)~Aservicetypeofthe‘VirtualMachines’service
basedontheRedHatLinuxdistribution,allowingcustomerstousetheirownsubscription
toruntheserver.Thenumberpreceding‘core’referstothesizeoftheserver.
bypasscall(n)~AcallthatbypassestheMediationServer.
bypassmode~OperatingmodeonFDDIandtokenringnetworkswhereaninterfacehas
de-insertedfromthering.
by-product(n)~Aitemproducedasaconsequenceofproducinganotheritem.
byte(n)~Aunitofdatathattypicallyholdsasinglecharacter,suchasaletter,adigit,ora
punctuationmark.Somesinglecharacterscantakeupmorethanonebyte.
byte(n)~Afieldsizeordatatypethatcanholdpositiveintegernumbersrangingfrom0
to255.
Byte~Abasicunitofmeasurementforpiecesofinformation;thespacerequiredtostore
onecharacter.Seealso-Bit,-Kilobyte,Megabyte,-Gigabyte,-Terabyte.
byteorder(n)~Theprocessormemoryarchitectureinwhichbytesofdata(typically,
integervalues)arestored.Thetwomostcommonordersare:littleendian(leastsignificant
byteisplacedfirst)andbigendian(mostsignificantbyteisplacedfirst).
byteordermark(n)~AUnicodecharacterusedtoindicatethattextisencodedinUTF-8,
UTF-16orUTF-32.
bytetag(n)~Atagonaphysicalobjectthatdefines8bits(or1byte).
bytecodecaching(n)~AtechniqueforpreprocessingJavaScriptfilessotheycanbe
loadedfaster.
C(oth)~Thelabelforthetextboxwheretheusertypesthepostalcodeforoutgoing
correspondence.
C(n)~AgameratingsymboldevelopedbytheComputerEntertainmentRating
Organization(CERO).
C~programminglanguagedevelopedatBellLaboratoriesinthe1970s,basedonthetwo
earlierlanguagesB(1970)andBCPL(1967).
C~
Ccorporation(n)~AnUnitedStatestaxlawdesignationgiventoanycorporationthatis
auniqueentityapartfromandtaxedseparatelyfromitsowners.
C#(n)~Aprogramminglanguagedesignedforbuildingenterpriseapplicationsthatrunon
the.NETFramework.C#,whichisanevolutionofCandC++,istypesafeandobject
oriented.Becauseitiscompiledasmanagedcode,itbenefitsfromtheservicesofthe
commonlanguageruntime,suchaslanguageinteroperability,security,andgarbage
collection.
C#~pronounced-€œCsharp-€?,aprogramminglanguagedevelopedbyAnders
Hejlsberg(thedeveloperofTurboPascalandDelphi)forWindowsprogrammingunder
Microsoft’s.NETFramework.
C++AcceleratedMassiveParallelism(PN)~Anobjectmodelthatacceleratesexecution
ofC++codebytakingadvantageofthedata-parallelhardwarethatisgenerallypresentas
aGPUonadiscretegraphicscard.
C++AMP(PN)~AnobjectmodelthatacceleratesexecutionofC++codebytaking
advantageofthedata-parallelhardwarethatisgenerallypresentasaGPUonadiscrete
graphicscard.
C++template(n)~Atemplatethatenablesyoutodefineafamilyoffunctionsorclasses
thatcanoperateondifferenttypesofinformation.
CA(n)~Anentityentrustedtoissuecertificatesthatassertthattherecipientindividual,
computer,ororganizationrequestingthecertificatefulfillstheconditionsofanestablished
policy.
CAcertificate(n)~Acertificatethatidentifiesthecertificationauthority(CA)thatissues
serverandclientauthenticationcertificatestotheserversandclientsthatrequestthese
certificates.
CAcompromise(n)~AsituationinwhichitisknownorsuspectedthattheCA’sprivate
keyorotheraspectsoftheCAvalidatedinthecertificatehavebeenrevealed.
CAhierarchy(n)~Ahierarchyinwhichtherolesofthecertificationauthorityare
separatedintoonerootCAandoneormoresubordinateCAs.
CAname(n)~Thenameofthecertifyingauthority.
CAB(n)~Aformallyconstitutedgroupofpeoplerepresentingservicedeliveryand
supportfunctionsthatisresponsibleforassessing,planning,andauthorizingchangesto
theITenvironment.
Cabaret(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.ID3v1
genreID#65.
cabinet(n)~Theboxinwhichthemaincomponentsofacomputer(CPU,theharddrive,
floppyandCD-ROMdrives,andexpansionslotsforperipheraldevices,suchasmonitors)
arelocated.
cabinetfile(n)~Asinglefilethatstoresmultiplecompressedfiles.Thesefilesare
commonlyusedinsoftwareinstallationandtoreducethefilesizeandtheassociated
downloadtimeforWebcontent.
cable(n)~Acollectionofwiresshieldedwithinaprotectivetube,usedtoconnect
peripheraldevicestoacomputer.Amouse,akeyboard,andaprintermightallbe
connectedtoacomputerwithcables.Printercablestypicallyimplementaserialora
parallelpathfordatatotravelalong.
Cable~1)Anyinsulatedwiringusedtoconnectcomputerequipmenttogether.2)An
always-onhighspeedinternetconnectionsimilarto-ADSL-butusingcableTV
technologyinsteadofaphoneline.
cableconnection(n)~Acommunicationsmethodbywhichyouuseacabletoconnect
yourmobiledevicetoanotherdevice.
cablemodem(n)~AdevicethatenablesabroadbandconnectiontotheInternetbyusing
cabletelevisioninfrastructure.Accessspeedsvarygreatly,withamaximumthroughputof
10megabitspersecond(Mbps).
cablerange(n)~IntheMacintoshenvironment,theroutingaddressorrangeofaddresses
assignedtothephysicalnetworkthatAppleTalkPhase2routersusetodirectinformation
totheappropriatenetwork.
cache(n)~Aspecialmemorysubsysteminwhichfrequentlyuseddatavaluesare
duplicatedforquickaccess.
cache(v)~Tostorefrequentlyuseddatavaluesinaspecialmemorysubsystemforquick
access.
cache(n)~Generally,afileusedtostoreinformationtemporarily.WindowsDisk
Protectionutilizesacachefiletostorechangesmadetosystemandprofilefilesduring
usersessions.Thiscachefileisemptiedofcontentsatintervals,dependingonhow
WindowsDiskProtectionisconfigured.
Cache~Atemporarystorageareaforfrequentlyorrecentlyuseddata,eitherinmemory,
onyourharddiskortheinternet.Forexample,ifyougobacktoawebpageyouhave
recentlyvisited,yourPCwillusuallybeabletodisplayitfromtheinternetcacheonyour
harddisk,soitwon’tneedtodownloaditfromtheinternetagain.
Cache~Pronounced‘Cash’.Atemporarystorageareaforfrequentlyaccessed
information.Thecacheshortensthetimeittakestoaccessthisinformation,relievesthe
burdenfromthemainmemory,andincreasestheoverallspeedofapplications.
cacheaging(n)~Themechanismofcachingthatdetermineswhenacacherowis
outdatedandmustberefreshed.
cacheclient(n)~A.NETapplicationthatusestheWindowsServerAppFabricclientAPIs
tocommunicatewithandstoredatatoaWindowsServerAppFabricdistributedcache
system.
cachecluster(n)~Theinstantiationofthedistributedcacheservice,madeupofoneor
moreinstancesofthecachehostserviceworkingtogethertostoreanddistributedata.
Dataisstoredinmemorytominimizeresponsetimesfordatarequests.Thisclustering
technologydiffersfromWindowsClustering.
cachefile(n)~AfileusedbyDNSserversandclientstostoreresponsestoDNSqueries.
ForWindowsDNSservers,thecachefileisnamedCache.dnsbydefault.
cachehierarchy(n)~Anetworkofcacheproxiesthathavesiblingandparent
relationships.
cachehit(n)~Theconditionthatexistswhenaclientrequestscontentandthecache
serverdeterminesthatthecontentisbothstoredinthecacheanduptodate.Whenthereis
acachehit,thecontentisstreamedfromthecachetotheclient.
cacheinterval(n)~Thelengthoftimethatastoredcopyoftheviewsthatareshownina
dashboardcanexistontheserver.
cacheinvalidation(n)~Theprocessofflagginganobjectinthecachesothatitwillno
longerbeusedbyanycacheclients.Thisoccurswhenanobjectremainsincachelonger
thanthecachetime-outvalue(whenitexpires).
cacheitem(n)~Anobjectthatisstoredinthecacheandadditionalinformationassociated
withthatobject,suchastagsandversion.Itcanbeextractedfromthecacheclusterusing
theGetCacheItemclientAPI.
cacheline(n)~Thesmallestunitofmemorythancanbetransferredbetweenthemain
memoryandthecache.
CacheLoader(n)~AcomponentusedbytheCacheManagerobjecttoloaddataintoa
cacheDictionaryobject.Althoughthiscomponentisimplementedasapipeline
component,itisnotruninthecontextofapipeline.
CacheMemory(MB/month)(PN)~TheunitofmeasurefortheCacheMemoryresource
thatisequalto1,024CacheMemory(MB/month)units.
cachenotification(n)~Anasynchronousnotificationthatcanbetriggeredbyavarietyof
cacheoperationsonthecachecluster.Cachenotificationscanbeusedtoinvoke
applicationmethodsorautomaticallyinvalidatelocallycachedobjects.
cacheoperation(n)~Aneventthatoccursonregionsorcacheditemsthatcantriggera
cachenotification.
cacheplug-in(n)~Atypeofplug-inthatenablesaWindowsMediaservertoprovide
cacheandproxysupportforanotherWindowsMediaserver.
cacheport(n)~ATCP/IPportusedbycachehoststotransmitdatatoandfromthecache
clients.Theportnumberusedforthecacheportcanbedifferentoneachcachehost.These
settingsaremaintainedintheclusterconfigurationsettings.
cacheproxy(n)~Aproxythatiscapableofcachingresponsessothatwhenthereisa
cachehit,theproxycanservetherequestedcontentwithoutforwardingtherequesttothe
destinationserver.
cacheregion(n)~Acontainerofdata,withinacache,thatco-locatesallcachedobjects
onasinglecachehost.CacheRegionsenabletheabilitytosearchallcachedobjectsinthe
regionbyusingdescriptivestrings,calledtags.
cacheserver(n)~AserverthatstorespreviouslyrequestedWebcontent.Whenthesame
contentisrequestedlater,theservereithersendsthecachedcontentoracquiresnewer
content,dependingonthefreshnessofthecachedcontentthatisdefinedbycache
directives.Acacheserverisfrequentlyusedtoreducethenetworktrafficandtheresponse
timebyservingthecachedcontent,whenappropriate.
CacheService(PN)~ThemanagedserviceinMicrosoftAzurethatcreatesasecure,
dedicatedcacheintheMicrosoftAzureregionoftheuser’schoice,guaranteeingisolation
oftheuser’sbusinesscriticaldata.
cachetag(n)~Oneormoreoptionalstring-basedidentifiersthatcanbeassociatedwith
eachcachedobjectstoredinaregion.Regionsallowyoutoretrievecachedobjectsbased
ononeormoretags.
CacheWriter(n)~AcomponentusedbytheCacheManagerobjecttowriteactivitydata
fromacacheDictionaryobject.Althoughthiscomponentisimplementedasapipeline
component,itisnotruninthecontextofapipeline.
cache/proxyserver(n)~AserverrunningWindowsMediaServicesforwhicha
cache/proxyplug-inhasbeenenabled,allowingtheservertoprovidecacheandproxy
supporttoanotherWindowsMediaserver.
cacheable(adj)~Pertainingto,orcharacteristicof,theSmoothStreamingfragmentsthat
canbecachedonserversontheedgeofanHTTPnetworkforreusebyclients.The
fragmentscanbecachedbecauseofthestatelessnatureoftheHTTPprotocol,which
treatseachHTTPrequestasanindependenttransactionthatisunrelatedtoanyprevious
request.
cache-asideprogrammingpattern(n)~Aprogrammingpatterninwhichifthedatais
notpresentinthecache,theapplication,notthedistributedcachesystem,mustreloaddata
intothecachefromtheoriginaldatasource.
cache-coherentNUMA(n)~ANUMAarchitecturethatprovidescachecoherencyacross
nodes.
cachedcopy(n)~Acopyofdatastoredinacacheinordertoshortenthetimerequiredto
retrievethedataifitislargeoraccessedfrequently.
cacheddata(n)~Datastoredinacache.
CachedExchangeMode(n)~AfeaturethatletsaMicrosoftOutlookuserwhohasa
MicrosoftExchangee-mailaccountworkoffline,eitherbychoiceorduetoaconnection
problem.Acopyoftheuser’smailboxisstoredontheircomputerandisfrequently
updatedfromthemailserver.Anychangesthataremadewhileaconnectiontotheserver
isnotavailablearesynchronizedautomaticallywhenaconnectionbecomesavailable.
CachedFileUpdatercontract(PN)~Acontractthatenablesanapptoprovidereal-time
updatesandsavingcapabilitiesforspecificfilesonthesystem.
cachedlocally(n)~Pertainingtoafilethatresidesontheremotestoragemedia,butthe
contentsofwhicharestillavailableonthelocalmedia.Ifthisfileisaccessed,accesswill
bequickerbecausethedataarestillonthelocalmedia.
cachedpage(n)~Astoredversionofadocumentorwebpage.
cache-enabledapplication(n)~AnapplicationthatusestheWindowsServerAppFabric
cacheclienttostoredataincacheonthecachecluster.
caching(n)~Theprocessoftemporarilystoringrecentlyaccessedinformationinaspecial
memorysubsystemforquickeraccess.
cachingresolver(n)~AprogramthatextractsinformationfromDNSserversinresponse
toclientrequests.
cachingservice(n)~ThecategoryofservicesinMicrosoftAzurethatincludesContent
DeliveryNetwork(CDN),InMemCache,andCaching.
caching-onlyserver(n)~ADNSseverthatdoesnothostanyDNSzonesbutthat
performsnameresolutionandstorestheresultsinitscache.
CAD(n)~TheofficialcurrencyofCanada.
CAD~(ComputerAidedDesign)-Software-usedtoproducecomplextechnicaldrawings
bydesignersandengineers.
Cakepanbutton(n)~Thebuttontochoosewhichshapecakeyou’regoingtomake.
cakepaper(n)~IntheComfyCakesgame,apieceofparchmentpaperontheconveyor
beltforanewcakethattheplayerwilltrytobake’.Eachpaperrepresentsanorderfora
newcake
CALpack(n)~Adigitalorpaperformatpackthatusuallyconsistsofaproofofpurchase,
thedescriptionofthelicensingtermsandpolicies,andnumberofclientaccesslicenses
(CALs)purchasedinthispack.
calculatedcolumn(n)~Atypeofcolumnthatdisplaystheresultsofmathematicalor
logicaloperationsorexpressionsinsteadofstoreddata.
calculatedcontrol(n)~Acontrolusedonaform,report,ordataaccesspagetodisplay
theresultofanexpression.Theresultisrecalculatedeachtimethereisachangeinanyof
thevaluesthattheexpressionisbasedon.
calculatedexpression(n)~Anexpressionthatisnotconstant,butwhosevaluedepends
uponothervalues.Tobeevaluated,acalculatedexpressionmustobtainandcompute
valuesfromothersources,typicallyinotherfieldsorrows.
calculatedfield(n)~Afielddefinedinaquerythatdisplaystheresultofanexpression
ratherthandisplayingstoreddata.Thevalueisrecalculatedeachtimeavalueinthe
expressionchanges.
calculatedmeasure(n)~Ameasurewhosevalueiscalculatedatruntimebyusingan
expression.
calculatedmember(n)~Amemberofadimensionwhosevalueiscalculatedatruntime
byusinganexpression.Calculatedmembervaluescanbederivedfromthevaluesofother
members.
calculatedmetric(n)~Ametricthatisbasedontheresultofanexpression,ratherthan
originatingfromadatasource.
CalculatedMetrics(PN)~Afeaturethatenablesuserstocreatesimplecalculationsusing
oneormoreKPIvalues.ThisreducestheamountofMDXthatisrequiredtocreate
complexscorecards.
calculatedvalue(n)~Aread-onlyvaluethatistheresultofalookuporcalculation
againstthedatausinganXPathexpression.
calculationcode(n)~Acodethatrepresentsaspecificnumericalcalculationthatreturnsa
numericamount.
calculationcondition(n)~AMultidimensionalExpressions(MDX)logicalexpression
thatisusedtodeterminewhetheracalculationformulawillbeappliedagainstacellina
calculationsubcube.
calculationformula(n)~AMultidimensionalExpressions(MDX)expressionusedto
supplyavalueforcellsinacalculationsubcube,subjecttotheapplicationofacalculation
condition.
calculationpass(n)~Astageofcalculationinamultidimensionalcubeinwhich
applicablecalculationsareevaluated.
calculationpassnumber(n)~Anordinalpositionusedtorefertoacalculationpass.
calculationsubcube(n)~Thesetofmultidimensionalcubecellsthatisusedtocreatea
calculatedcellsdefinition.ThesetofcellsisdefinedbyacombinationofMDXset
expressions.
calculator(n)~Broadly,anydevicethatperformsarithmeticoperationsonnumbers.
Sophisticatedcalculatorscanbeprogrammedforcertainfunctionsandcanstorevaluesin
memory,buttheydifferfromcomputersinseveralways:theyhaveafixedsetof
commands,theydonotrecognizetext,theycannotretrievevaluesstoredinadatafile,and
theycannotfindandusevaluesgeneratedbyaprogramsuchasaspreadsheet.
Calculator(PN)~Theappthatcalculates(standardandscientific)andconverts.
Calculator(PN)~Atoolthatallowstheusertocreatecalculations,buildformulasetc.in
MicrosoftExcelforMac.
calendar(n)~Anapplicationortoolintheformofanelectroniccalendar,commonlyused
forscheduling.
Calendar(PN)~ThelinktotheonlinecalendaronWindowsLiveCalendar.
Calendar(PN)~TheMicrosoftapptofacilitatethemanagementofevents.
Calendar(PN)~AWebPartforstudentsandeducatorsthatdisplaysupcomingevents
alongwithlinkstoeventcontentandactions.
Calendar(PN)~TheareaofOutlook.comthatletspeopleandgroupsadd,manage,and
shareeventinformation.
Calendar(PN)~TheOutlookappthatfacilitatesthemanagementofevents.
CalendarAttendant(n)~AnExchangeServerfeaturethatautomaticallyplacesmeetings
markedTentativeontherecipient’scalendarwithoutrequiringtheinterventionofany
clientsoftwaresuchasOutlook.
CalendarConcierge(n)~Asetofcalendarenhancementsthatenableuserstoschedule
peopleandresourcesquickly,efficiently,andreliably.Theenhancementsincludethe
CalendarAttendant,theResourceBookingAttendant,andtheSchedulingAssistant.
calendardata(n)~Freeorbusyinformationforinternalorfederatedcontactsobtainedby
LyncorOfficeCommunicatorfromMicrosoftOutlookviaawebservice.
CalendarEventSearch(PN)~Afeaturethatenablesausertosearchforeventsinthe
Calendarusingkeywords,andusefilterstorefinethesearch.
calendarinformation(n)~Informationaboutschedulesandappointmentsthatisstored
inanExchangeServer2007user’smailboxandretrievablefordisplaythroughaclient
interfaceorvoicemail.
calendaritem(n)~AnitemintheExchangestorethatrepresentsanappointment,a
meeting,ameetingrequest,oranevent.Itcanidentifytheplace,resources,recurrence,
andattendeesinvolvedatadiscretetime.
calendaritempeek(n)~Acontextualsummaryofappointmentormeetinginformation,
whichisdisplayedinacalloutwithoutopeningtheitem.
Calendarlivetile(n)~Atilethatupdatesdynamicallytoshowupcomingcalendaritems
directlyfromtheCalendar.
Calendarpeek(PN)~Acontextualsummaryoftheuser’sdailyschedule,whichis
displayedinacalloutwithoutswitchingtotheCalendarmodule.
CalendarPreview(PN)~Afeaturethatallowsuserstoseeconflictingappointments
directlyfromMailviewwithouthavingtoswitchtoCalendarview.Makesitmucheasier
foruserstodecidetoacceptordeclineameetinginvitethatconflictswithanexisting
meeting.
CalendarPrintingAssistantforMicrosoft-®OfficeOutlook-®2007(n)~AMicrosoft
OfficeOutlook2007featurethatallowsuserstoselectfromandprintavarietyof
customizablecalendartemplates.
calendarprogram(n)~Anapplicationortoolintheformofanelectroniccalendar,
commonlyusedforscheduling.
CalendarSettings(n)~Atabthatallowstheusertosetoptionsthatapplytothewhole
Calendarapplication.
CalendarSnapshot(n)~Afeaturethatallowsyoutosendasnapshotofyourcalendarto
someoneoutsideyourExchangeorganizationandallowthemtoseethedataonyour
calendarandscheduleagainstit.
CalendarTasks(n)~AlistoftasksthattheusercanperformintheCalendar.
calendaruseragent(n)~AclientprogramsuchasMicrosoftOutlook.Calendar
informationcanbesentbetweencalendaruseragentsthatcomplywiththeiCalendar
specification.
calendarview(n)~AProjectviewthatdisplaysaproject’stasksinacalendarformat.
CalendarWorldReadiness(PN)~TheCalendarsettingsthatallowtheuserstodefine
theircalendarfortheircountryandtimezonerequirements.
calendaryear(n)~AnaccountingperiodrunningfromJanuary1toDecember31.
calibrate(v)~Toadjustpreciselyforaparticularfunction.
calibration(n)~Theprocessofestablishingpredictablebehaviorinadevice.
calibrationboard(n)~Arectangularboardthatyouusetocalibratethecamerasand
visionsystemofaSurfaceunit.Thecalibrationboardhastwosides.Thewhitesideofthe
calibrationboardenablesthecamerastotakeasnapshotthathelpstheSurfacevision
systembuildacontrasttoyourenvironment’slighting.(Youusethissideofthecalibration
boardinbasiccalibrationandfullcalibration.)Theblack-and-whitecheckeredsideofthe
calibrationboardenablesallthecamerastoalignthemselvesproperly.Youusethissideof
thecalibrationboardonlyduringfullcalibration.(Youusethissideofthecalibration
boardonlyduringfullcalibration.)
call(v)~Toattempttoestablishavoiceconversationwithanotherpersonorotherpeople
fromaphone,computer,ormobiledevice.
Call(PN)~ALyncmenuthatopensalistofoptionsfortheselectedperson.InOffice
Communicator,amenuitemthatopensalistofnumbersfortheselectedperson.Whenthe
userselectsaphonenumber,LyncorOfficeCommunicatorplacesthecall.
call(n)~Avoicesessionthatcanbeconductedbetweentwoormoretelephones,twoor
moredevices(suchascomputersorsmartphones),orbetweentwoormoresuchdevices
andtelephones.
Call(PN)~Anappformakingvideocalls.
calladmissioncontrol(n)~Aservicethatmanagesmediaqualityoverawidearea
network(WAN)connectionbyeitherreroutingtrafficorbydenyingconnectionrequests
whenbandwidthisapproachingsaturation.
callanswering(n)~Avoicemailapplicationthatanswersacallsothatamessagecanbe
left.
callbarring(n)~Afeaturethatcanblockincomingand/oroutgoingcalls.
callbarringpassword(n)~ApasswordthatenablesaccesstotheCallBarringfeature
settings.
CallBrowser(PN)~Awindowthatenablesyoutosearchforfunctioncalls,andthen
browsethesearchresultsandnavigatetothefunctionreferencesinyoursourcecodefiles.
callcenter(n)~Afacilityinwhichanorganization’stelephonecallsareansweredand
made,includinghelpdeskandservicelines.Callcentersusuallyusesomeamountof
computerautomation.
callcontext(n)~Informationabouttheoptionsthatacallerselectsthatiscollectedand
providedtotheagentwhoreceivesthecall.
calldetailrecording(n)~AfunctionoftheMonitoringServerforcollectinginformation
suchaswhenausersignsinorout;starts,joins,leaves,orendsaconferenceorIM
session;transfersafile;orplacesoranswersaVoIPcall.CDRcapturesonlyusagedata;it
doesnotarchivethecontentofanycommunicationactivity.
calldetailrecords(n)~AnOfficeCommunicationsServerArchivingServicefeaturefor
capturingandreportingoneventsassociatedwithusersloggingonandoff,IM
conversations,andconferences.
callforwarding(n)~Afeaturethatallowsforautomaticforwardingofincomingcalls.
Callforwarding(n)~AgroupofoptionsintheOptionsdialogbox,onthePhonetabs,
thatcontrolstheautomaticforwardingofincomingphonecalls.
callforwarding(n)~AfeaturethatenablesSkypecallstobedivertedtoamobilephone
orlandline.
CallForwardingOff(PN)~Themenuitemthatturnsofftheautomaticforwardingof
incomingcalls.
CallForwardingOn(PN)~Themenuitemthatdisplaysamenuofoptionsthattheuser
canselecttoturnontheautomaticforwardingofincomingcalls.
callgraph(n)~Thegraphofmethodcallsandthepointsintheprogramthatcallthem.
CallHistory(n)~AUserInterface(UI)elementinvariouscommunicationsappsandin
contactcardsthatprovidesaccesstoalistofpreviouscommunicationviathatapporwith
aparticularcontact.
callhistory(n)~Arecordofthedate,time,caller,subject,andsoforth,ofacallorIM.
callicon(n)~Anicontappedtoinitiateavoiceconversationbetweentwopeople.
CallLevelInterface(n)~TheinterfacesupportedbyODBCforusebyanapplication.
calllogs(n)~Alistofincomingcallsandoutgoingcalls,showinginformationsuchasthe
nameofthecallerorcallrecipient,thedateandthetimeofthecall.
CallManager(n)~Asoftwarecomponentthatestablishes,maintainsandterminatesa
connectionbetweentwocomputers.
CallMe(PN)~AfeatureofCommunicatorWebAccessinwhichausercanjoina
conferencebyrequestingthatOfficeCommunicationsServercallaspecifiedphone
numberinsteadoftheuserplacingacalltoaconferencingservice.
callnote(n)~Anotewithgeneralinformationaboutthecall,suchassubject,thatis
generatedbytheACDtopotentiallybeforwardedortransferredalongwiththecall.
CallPark(PN)~AnapplicationthatletsanEnterpriseVoiceuserputacallonholdfrom
onetelephone,andthenlater,retrievethecallfromanytelephone.ItalsomanagesCall
Parkorbits.
CallParkorbit(PN)~AnumberassignedtoaparkedcallbytheCallParkapplication.
callphones(n)~ASkypefeaturethatallowsuserstocalldirectlyfromSkypetolandlines
andmobilephones.
callrecipient(n)~Thepersonwhom,orplacethat,acalleriscalling.
callscript(n)~Adialogscenariotobeusedinatelephoneinteractionsituation.
callsign(n)~Theidentifyingcodelettersornumbersofaradioortelevisiontransmitting
station,assignedbyaregulatorybody.
CallSomeone…(oth)~AnitemontheActionsmenuthatcallsthepersontheuserselects
fromthecorporateaddressbook.
callstack(n)~Theseriesofmethodcallsleadingfromthebeginningoftheprogramto
thestatementcurrentlybeingexecutedatruntime.
CallStatus(PN)~Asoftkeyoptionavailablewhenacallisinprogressthatswitchesfrom
theHomeScreenbacktothephoneuserinterfacescreen.
CallTimers(n)~Amenuitemthatprovidesaccesstovariouscalltimersandcall
durations.
calltree(n)~Allmodulesthatmightbecalledbyanyprocedureinthemoduleinwhich
codeiscurrentlyrunning.
CallViaConferencingService(oth)~Anitemontheright-clickmenuforaconference
participant.Inaconference,thiscommandrequeststhattheconferencingservicecallthe
selectedparticipant.
CallviaWork(PN)~Acallbackoptionwherebyanoutgoingcallcanbemadebyusing
theworknumber.Thepersonwhoisreceivingthecallwillseetheworknumberofthe
caller,intheircallerID.
callwaiting(n)~Aservicethatnotifiesauserthatacalliscominginwhiletheuserisina
call.
Callable(adj)~Afield-levelsettingontheDisplaytabthatdesignatesaphonenumber
fieldasonethatcanbecalled.
callable(adj)~Capableofbeingcalled.
callback(n)~Theprocessusedtoauthenticateuserscallingintoanetwork.During
callback,thenetworkvalidatesthecaller’susernameandpassword,hangsup,andthen
returnsthecall,usuallytoapreauthorizednumber.Thisprocesspreventsunauthorized
accesstoanaccountevenifanindividual’slogonIDandpasswordhavebeenstolen.
callback(n)~CodewithinamanagedapplicationthathelpsanunmanagedDLLfunction
completeatask.
callback(n)~Intelecommunications,acallbackoccurswhentheoriginatorofacallis
immediatelycalledbackinasecondcallasaresponse.
CallbackControlProtocol(n)~TheNetworkControlProtocolthatnegotiatestheuseof
callbackoverPPPlinks.
callbackfunction(n)~Afunctionprovidedby(IIS)thatallowsanInternetServerAPI
(ISAPI)extensionorfiltertoaccessIISservices.
callbackfunction(n)~CodewithinamanagedapplicationthathelpsanunmanagedDLL
functioncompleteatask.
callbacknumber(n)~ThephonenumberatwhichthesenderofanSMScanbereached
thatisdisplayedtotherecipientintheSMSitself;itcanbeadifferentnumberthanthe
cellphonenumberusedtosendtheSMS.
callbacksecurity(n)~Aformofnetworksecurityinwhicharemoteaccessservercallsa
userbackatapresetnumberaftertheuserhasmadeaninitialconnectionandhasbeen
authenticated.
callee(n)~Acomputerthatiscalledbyanother.
callee(n)~Thepersonwhom,orplacethat,acalleriscalling.
callee(n)~Theendpointtowhichacallisinitiatedbyacaller.
callee(n)~Achildfunctionthatiscalledbythecurrentfunction.
caller(n)~Thepersonwhoiscallinganotherpersonorplace.
caller(n)~Theendpointthatinitiatesacalltoestablishamediasession.
caller(n)~Aparentfunctionthatcallsthecurrentfunction.
callerID(n)~Afeaturethatdisplaystheidentityoftheoriginatorofanincomingcallon
thedevicescreen.
CallerID(n)~Theidentityoftheoriginatorofanincomingcall.
callerID(n)~Afeaturethatenablesthedisplayofthecaller’snumberonthecallee’s
phonewhencallingaphonefromSkype.
calleridentification(n)~Afeaturethatenablesthedisplayofthecaller’snumberonthe
callee’sphonewhencallingaphonefromSkype.
CallEvent(n)~Inastatechartoractivitydiagram,anindicationthatanobjecthas
receivedacallforanoperation.ACallEventisdefinedusingthefollowingformat:eventname(comma-separated-parameter-list)
callgraph(n)~Thegraphofmethodcallsandthepointsintheprogramthatcallthem.
callgraphanalysis(n)~Thegraphofmethodcallsandthepointsintheprogramthatcall
them.Anodewouldbeamethodandthelinkwouldbetherelationshipoftheother
methodsthatitcalls.
call-handlingrules(n)~Asetoffeaturesusedforcallansweringandforwarding.
call-homeTrojan(n)~Atypeoftrojanmalwarethatconnectstoaremoteserverthrough
astealthconnectionandthatnotifiestheserverthatthemalwarehasbeeninstalled.
calling(n)~Thephonecapabilitythatletsyouplaceorreceivecalls.
callingchannel(n)~Apathenablingoneinboundoroutboundcall.Callingchannelsarea
meansofhavingconcurrentcallsonPBX.
callingconvention(n)~Anystandardthatisusedmoreorlessuniversallyforone
function(caller)tomakecallsintoanotherinternalandexternalfunction(callee)
callingdevice(n)~Equipment,telephoneorcomputer,usedtoplaceacall.
callingsequence(n)~Inaprogramwhenasubroutinecalloccurs,anagreementbetween
thecallingroutineandthecalledroutineonhowargumentswillbepassedandinwhat
order,howvalueswillbereturned,andwhichroutinewillhandleanynecessary
housekeeping(suchascleaningupthestack).Thecallingsequencebecomesimportant
whenthecallingandcalledroutineswerecreatedwithdifferentcompilersorifeitherwas
writteninassemblylanguage.TwocommoncallingsequencesaretheCcallingsequence
andthePascalcallingsequence.IntheCcallingsequence,thecallingroutinepushesany
argumentsincludedinthecallonthestackinreverseorder(righttoleft)andperformsany
stackcleanup;thispermitsavaryingnumberofargumentstobepassedtoagivenroutine.
InthePascalcallingsequence,thecallingroutinepushesanyincludedargumentsonthe
stackintheorderinwhichtheyappear(lefttoright),andthecalledroutineisexpectedto
cleanupthestack.
call-levelinterface(n)~TheinterfacesupportedbyODBCforusebyanapplication.
callout(n)~AcontextualUIelementthatdisplaysadditionalcontentandcontrolsina
container.
CalorieCounter(PN)~Afeaturethatcounts/tracksdailycalorieintake.
calorieintake(n)~Thetotalamountofcaloriesinadailydiet.
camera(n)~Adigitalvideodevicethatisusedforrecordingmovingimagesandaudioin
adigitalformat.
camera(n)~Animaginaryviewingpositionthatrepresentsobjectsin3-Dcoordinate
spaceandprojectsthemontoa2-Dvisual.
camera(PN)~AWindowsPhoneapplicationthatisbothadigitalstillcameraanda
digitalvideocamera.
Camera(PN)~AnapptofacilitatethecaptureofphotosandvideosbyusingthePC.
cameracapture(n)~AWindows8featurethatallowsdeveloperstousethewebcamfor
communicationandstillimagecapturewithoutcallingcomplexAPIs.Thecameracapture
APIallowsfordevicestoexposecapturecontrols,apreviewwindow,andtheabilityto
specifyresolutionandcodecsforaudio/videocapture.
CameraCaptureAPI(PN)~TheAPIthatallowsfordevicestoexposecapturecontrols,
apreviewwindow,andtheabilitytospecifyresolutionandcodecsforaudio/video
capture.
CameraforLumia(PN)~TheCameraapp-that-comespre-installed-onhigh-endLumia
devices.
cameralookpoint(n)~Aninvisible,distantpointonanaxisperpendiculartotheview
planethatthecamerais-€œlookingat-€?.Whenwemoveit,thecamerafollowsit.
CameraOrbit(PN)~Atoolusedtomovethecameraaround3DcontentwithinaXAML
document.
camerapan(n)~Themovementofthecamera,leftandright,acrossascene.
cameraroll(n)~Analbumthatcontainsacontinuousrollofliveviewfinderandcaptured
photosandvideosthathavenotbeenarchivedormovedtootherfolders.
campaign(n)~Amarketingprogramdesignedtoaccomplishaspecificresult,suchas
introducinganewproductorincreasingmarketshare.Themainwaytoaccomplishthis
resultisthroughcommunicatingthebenefitsofaproductorservicetopeopleand
businesses.Campaignsoftenincludemorethanonecommunicationmethod,suchasprint
advertisements,promotionaldiscounts,anddirectmail.
campaign(n)~Aplannedsetofactivitiesdevelopedbyanorganizationtomeetthe
objectiveofincreasingmarketsharedoveradistincttimeperiod.
campaignactivity(n)~Anactivityperformed,ortobeperformed,byauserforplanning
orrunningacampaign.Acampaignactivityincludesadditional,campaign-specific
information,suchasbudgetsandvendornames.
campaignautomationflowchart(n)~Agraphicalflowchartthatdisplaysallofthe
operations,forexample,defininglandingpages,creatingsocialmedia,andcreatingtasks,
thatareincludedinanautomatedcampaign.
CampaignBuilder(PN)~Atoolwhichallowspartnerstoassembletheirownmarketing
campaignsusingaseriesofpre-createdmarketingmaterials.
campaigncode(n)~Anidentifier,usuallymadeupofnumbersorletters,suchas1234or
EarlySpring,foramarketingcampaign.Thecampaigncodeisanotherwaytoidentifya
marketingcampaigndistinctfromthenameofthemarketingcampaign.
campaignconversion(n)~Thecompletionofanonlinetransactionbyavisitorredirected
tothesitebyanadvertisement.
campaigngoaling(n)~Determiningthenumberofadstodeliverinaspecifiedamountof
time.Youcangoalbyanyevent,suchasclicksoramountsold.
campaignitem(n)~Acommunicationvehiclethatcontributestothespecifiedresultofa
campaign.YoucancreatethreetypesofcampaignitemsinCommerceServer:ads,direct
mail,ordiscounts.Youcanusethird-partyproductstocreateadditionaltypesofcampaign
items.
campaignitemID(n)~Thecomputer-generatedidentificationnumberforacampaign
item.
campaignname(n)~Thenamebywhichamarketingprogamisidentified.
campaignresponse(n)~Areplybyarecipientofacampaignactivity.Campaign
responsescanresultfrommanychannels,includinge-mail,telephone,andfax.
CampaignType(n)~ThefieldinaCampaignforminwhichyoucanselectthetypeof
campaignthatisbeingrun.PossibletypesareAdvertisement,DirectMarketing,Event,
andOther.
Campaigns(n)~AbusinessapplicationinMicrosoftOfficeLivethatallowsusersto
createandmanagemarketingandsalescampaigns.
Campfire(PN)~Aweb-basedservicetosetuppassword-protectedchatroomsdesigned
exclusivelyforgroups.IncanbeintegratedwithVisualStudio.
CanadianPaymentAssociation(n)~Anorganizationthatspecifiespaymentformatsfor
Canada.
CanadianPaymentsAssociationStandard005(PN)~Astandardfortheexchangeof
financialdataonautomaticfundstransfer(AFT)recordsthatismaintainedbythe
CanadianPaymentsAssociation(CPA).
canary(n)~Apredeterminedvaluethatmustbepresentinaclient-serverrequestforthe
requesttobeconsideredvalid.
canaryvalue(n)~Apredeterminedvaluethatmustbepresentinaclient-serverrequest
fortherequesttobeconsideredvalid.
cancel(v)~Torevokeanaction.Toquitanactionwithoutsavinganychangesthatthe
actionwouldresultin.
Cancel(v)~Abuttonthatstopsthetaskinprogressandreturnstothepreviousstate.
cancel(v)~Toendtheprocessingofaworkflowinstancebytransitioningtheinstancetoa
completedstate.Theworkflowexecutescancellationhandlersthatenableyoutoperform
additionalactionssuchaserrorhandlingandcompensation.
cancel(v)~Toterminateaneventpriortoprocessing.
candidatekey(n)~Acolumnorsetofcolumnsthathaveauniquevalueforeachrowina
table.
candidatevector(n)~Aseriesoffilesthathasbeengeneratedbytheported
implementationforcomparisontestingwiththeConformanceTestTool.
Canonical(PN)~TheUK-basedprivatelyheldcomputersoftwarecompanythatmarkets
commercialsupportandrelatedservicesforUbuntuandrelatedprojects.
canonicalcommandtree(n)~Acommon,programmaticrepresentationofanyEntity
Frameworkquerycomposedofoneormoreexpressions.
canonicalform(n)~Inmathematicsandprogramming,thestandardorprototypicalform
ofanexpressionorastatement.
canonicalname(n)~Anobject’sdistinguishednamepresentedwiththerootfirstand
withoutthe(LDAP)attributetags(suchasCN=,DC=).Thesegmentsofthenameare
delimitedwithforwardslashes(/).Forexample,
CN=MyDocuments,OU=MyOU,DC=Microsoft,DC=Comispresentedas
microsoft.com/MyOU/MyDocumentsincanonicalform.
canonicalname(n)~AnameofaControlPanelitemthatcanbeusedto
programmaticallylaunchthatitem.
canonicalnamerecord(n)~AtypeofresourcerecordintheDomainNameSystemthat
associatesacomputer’strue(canonical)namewithanyaliasnamesalsousedbythe
computer.SomedomainregistrarsuseCNAMErecordstoredirectorredelegatedomain
names.
canonicalpath(n)~Thedefinitivepathfornavigatingtoacategoryorproductthatisa
memberofmorethanonecategory.Theprimaryparentcategorydeterminesthecanonical
pathtoacategoryorproduct.
canonicalverb(n)~Asystem-recognizedstandardverb,suchasprint
canvas(n)~Abasiclayoutpanelthatsupportsabsolutepositioninganddoesnotapply
anylayoutpolicy(forexample,autosizing)toitschildelements-€”itisliterallyablank
canvas.
Canvas(n)~AnHTML5elementthatispartoftheWorldWideWebConsortium(W3C)
HTML5specification.Thiselementallowsdynamicscriptablerenderingofpixels,
bitmaps,and2Dshapessuchasrectangles,polygons,andellipses.
canvas(n)~Asurfaceonwhichtodraworpaint.
canvaspanel(n)~Abasiclayoutpanelthatsupportsabsolutepositioninganddoesnot
applyanylayoutpolicy(forexample,autosizing)toitschildelements-€”itisliterallya
blankcanvas.
CAP(n)~InSMS2003andearlierreleases,anSMSsitesystemthatprovidesa
communicationpointbetweentheSMSsiteserverandLegacyClientcomputers.Legacy
Clientsdelivertheircollectedfiles,inventoryinformation,discoverydatarecords,
softwaremeteringdata,andstatusinformationtoCAPs.
cap(n)~Forpathsthatcontainunconnectedends,suchaslines,theendofastroke.You
canchangethewaythestrokelooksateachendbyapplyingoneoffourendcapstyles:
flatcap,roundcap,squarecap,andtrianglecap.
capability(n)~AvaluethatdevelopersspecifyintheappmanifestfortheirWindows
Storeapps.WindowsStoreappsusecapabilitiestodeclarethattheapprequires
programmaticaccesstoprotecteduserresources,suchasthePictureslibrary,orconnected
devices,suchasawebcam.
capability(n)~Theabilitytoperformafunction,forexample,theabilityofacloudto
hosthighlyavailablevirtualmachinesisacapability,andtheabilityofacloudtoconnect
virtualmachinestoacertainlogicalnetworkisacapability.
capabilityprofile(n)~AVirtualMachineManagerlibraryresourcethatdefineswhich
resources(forexample,numberofprocessorsormaximummemory)areavailabletoa
virtualmachinethatiscreatedinaprivatecloud.
capabletopromise(n)~Theportionofproductoutputfromavailableoperations
resourcesandavailableinputproductrequiredtofulfillaspecificcustomerrequirement.
capacity(n)~Theabilityofaresourcetoproduceanamountofoutputinaspecified
amountoftime.
Capacity(n)~Aresource’stimebasedontheirresourcebasecalendarminuscertain
standardexceptions.CapacityisequaltoBaseCapacityminusanallowanceforplanned
vacations,holidays,sicktime,etc.Forexample,apart-timeresourcewithaBaseCapacity
of.7FTEmighthaveaCapacityof.65FTEafteraccoutingforpartialbenefits.
capacity(n)~Theactualorpotentialabilityofaresourcetoperformanactivityorto
produceoutputinaspecifiedtimeperiod.
capacity(n)~Aconsumableresourcewhichispooledandreportedasanaggregatevalue
viaacloud.-CPUcount,memory,andstorageareexamplesofcapacitydimensions.
capacityload(n)~Themaximumamountofscheduledworkthataworkcentercan
performatarequiredcapacitylevel.
capacityplanning(n)~Theprocessofidentifyingandpreparingfortheapplication,
hardware,andnetworkrequirementstosupportexpectedsitetrafficandachievesite
performancegoals.
capacityplanning(n)~Aprocedurefordeterminingtheresourcecapacityrequirements
thatmeetthedemandoffutureoutputduringspecifictimeperiods.
capacityreservation(n)~Reservationofaresourcecapacityforarelatedworkcenteror
plannedproductionorder.
CAPI(n)~An(API)thatisprovidedaspartofMicrosoftWindows.CryptoAPIprovidesa
setoffunctionsthatallowapplicationstoencryptordigitallysigndatainaflexible
mannerwhileprovidingprotectionfortheuser’ssensitiveprivatekeydata.Actual
cryptographicoperationsareperformedbyindependentmodulesknownas(CSPs).
CAPI2(n)~TheAPIthatsupportsPKIandX.509certificates,suchascertificatechain
validation,certificatestores,andsignatureverification.
CAPICOM(PN)~AMicrosoftActiveXcontrolthatprovidesaComponentObjectModel
(COM)interfacetoMicrosoftCryptoAPI,whichexposesaselectsetofCryptoAPI
functionstoapplicationdevelopers.
capital(n)~Theamountofowners’investmentinabusinessplusretainedearnings.
capitalletter(n)~Insomelanguages,adistinct,andusuallylarger,formofaletter.May
beusedinword-initialpositionincertaincases,orforemphasis.
capitalization(n)~Theuseofacapitalletterinwritingorprinting.
capitalization(n)~Theconversionoffundsintocapitalortreatingthemascapitalrather
thanexpenses.
capitalizationofcost(n)~Thetemporarytreatmentofthecostsofhours,items,and
expensesascapitaluntiltherevenueisposted.
capitalize(v)~Towriteorprintwithaninitialcapitalorincapitals.
capitalized(adj)~Writtenorprintedwithaninitialcapitalorincapitals.
capitalizedletter(n)~Insomelanguages,adistinct,andusuallylarger,formofaletter.
Maybeusedinword-initialpositionincertaincases,orforemphasis.
CAPSLOCK(n)~Atogglekeythat,whenon,shiftsthealphabeticcharactersonthe
keyboardtouppercase.
CAPSLOCKkey(n)~Atogglekeythat,whenon,shiftsthealphabeticcharactersonthe
keyboardtouppercase.
CAPTCHA(n)~Achallengemeanttobeeasilysolvedbyhumans,whileremainingtoo
hardtobeeconomicallysolvedbycomputers.
caption(n)~Descriptivetextthatisassociatedwithapieceofcontent,suchasanimage.
caption(n)~Thehorizontalbaratthetopofawindowthatdisplaysthenameofthe
window.Titlebarscancontaindifferentbuttons,suchtheMinimize,Maximize,andClose
buttons,sothatyoucancontrolhowyouwanttoviewthewindow.
caption(n)~Descriptivetextthatrepresentstheaudiocontentofatelevisionorvideo
programastextonthescreen.Captionsareusuallyvisibleonlyifdecodedoractivated.
captionbar(n)~Thehorizontalbaratthetopofawindowthatdisplaysthenameofthe
window.Titlebarscancontaindifferentbuttons,suchtheMinimize,Maximize,andClose
buttons,sothatyoucancontrolhowyouwanttoviewthewindow.
captionbutton(n)~Abuttonthatisdisplayedonthecaptionbarofadockablepaneor
mini-framewindow.
captionsection(n)~Thesectiononagroupeddataaccesspagethatdisplayscaptionsfor
columnsofdata.Itappearsimmediatelybeforethegroupheader.
captiontext(n)~Descriptivetextthatisassociatedwithapieceofcontent,suchasan
image.
captiveportal(n)~AWebpagethatauserofapublic-accessnetworkhastoviewand
interactwithforauthentication,acceptingtermsofuse,orsecurityupdates.
capture(v)~Toassignaporttoaprinter.Documentsthatyouprintaresenttotheprinter
throughthecapturedport.
capture(n)~Anareaofthescreenthathasbeencircledduringacapturesessionandis
availableforannotationorotheroperations.
capturebuffer(n)~Themaximumsizeofthecapturefile.Whenthecapturefilereaches
themaximumsize,theoldestframesareremovedtomakeroomfornewerframes(FIFO
queue).
capturedate(n)~Thedatewhenadigitalphotographwastaken.
capturedevice(n)~Hardwarethattransfersaudioandvideofromanexternalsource,
suchasaVCRorcamcorder,toacomputer.
capturedrift(n)~Thedegreetowhichthetwodatastreamsareoutofsynchronization
whencapturingmultimediawithseparateaudioandvideocards.
capturegroup(n)~Inregularexpressions,anexpressionoftheform(
subexpressionaafe202a-1d96-4b36-a270-d676dfd3c51c)’or‘\(subexpressionaafe202a1d96-4b36-a270-d676dfd3c51c\)’whichmatchesthesequenceofcharactersinthetarget
sequencethatismatchedbythepatternbetweenthedelimiters.’
capturetrigger(n)~Asetofconditionsthat,whenmet,stopthecaptureorexecutea
programorcommandfiletoperformanothertypeofactionrelatedtothecapture.
capturedtraffic(n)~Thenetworktrafficthatissavedtobelaterexaminedandanalyzed.
Car(PN)~Thenameofdeviceprofilethatisactivatedwhenacarkitispluggedintothe
device.
carboncopy(n)~Adirectivetoane-mailprogramtosendacompletecopyofagiven
pieceofmailtoanotherindividual.Theuseofccmailaddressing,asopposedtodirectly
addressingthemailtoaperson,generallyimpliesthattherecipientisnotrequiredtotake
anyaction;themessageisforinformationalpurposesonly.Inaccdirective,thefactthat
thisrecipientreceivedthemailisprintedinthemailheaderandisthusknowntoallother
recipients.
carbonneutral~alsocalled-carbonneutrality,usedtodescribetheactionof
organizations,businessesandindividualstakingactiontoremoveasmuchcarbondioxide
fromtheatmosphereaseachputintoit.
card(n)~AWebpageinWML.WMLdevicescaneitherdisplaythecontentsofacardon
asinglescreenor,whennecessary,providescrollbarssothattheentirecontentsofthe
cardcanbeviewed.Developersneednotworryaboutmanipulatingcardsordecks
becauseASP.NETmobilecontrolshandleformatting,includingpagination,fortargeted
devices.
card(n)~Avirtualobjectthatissimilarinshapetoplayingcards.
card(n)~Agroupofdifferentvisualizationpatternsandinteractionsforcontentshownin
Sway.
card(n)~AniteminCortanahomeshowingananswer,suggestion,orquestion.
Card&board(PN)~Agamecategorythatreplicatesaphysicalcardorboardgame
experience.
card+board(PN)~Agamecategorythatreplicatesaphysicalcardorboardgame
experience.
Cardgallery(PN)~TheSwaymenuthatdisplaysalloftheavailablecardsinasingle
panel.
cardreader(n)~Aninputdeviceusedchieflyforidentificationpurposesthatreads
informationthathasbeenmagneticallyencoded,usuallyintwotracks,onaplasticcard,
suchasacreditcardoranemployeebadge.
cardscreen(n)~ThefirstscreeninConciergewhereuserscanopenamaporchoose
pointsofinterestfromrecommendedselectionsorcategories(suchasRestaurants).
cardvalidationcode(n)~Acodethatcreditcardcompaniesusetoauthorizecreditcard
charges.Forexample,AmericanExpressusesafour-digitnumberonthefrontofthe
creditcard,andVisa,MasterCard,andDiscoveruseathree-digitnumberontheback.
CardVerificationValue(n)~Acodethatcreditcardcompaniesusetoauthorizecredit
cardcharges.Forexample,AmericanExpressusesafour-digitnumberonthefrontofthe
creditcard,andVisa,MasterCard,andDiscoveruseathree-digitnumberontheback.
cardholder(n)~Apersonorcompanywhohastheauthoritytopurchasegoodsand
servicesusingapaymentcard.
cardinality(n)~Thenumberofentitiesthatcanexistoneachsideofarelationship.
CardioTracker(PN)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertotrackeatingpatternstotrack
cardioexerciseactivities.
caret(n)~AsymbolusedtorepresenttheControlkeyonthekeyboard.Forexample,^Z
meansholdtheControlkeydownandpresstheZkey.”
caret(n)~Aflashingline,block,orbitmapintheclientareaofawindoworinacontrol
thatacceptskeyboardinput.
caretblinktime(n)~Theelapsedtime,inmilliseconds,requiredtoinvertthecaret
display.Thisvalueishalfoftheflashtime.
CaretBrowsing(PN)~Browsingornavigatingthroughapageusingthearrowkeys,
PAGEUP,PAGEDOWN,HOMEandENDkeys.
Carnivore~anInternetsurveillancesystemdevelopedfortheU.S.FBIsothattheycould
monitortheelectronictransmissionsofcriminalsuspects.Critics,however,chargedthat
Carnivoredidnotincludeappropriatesafeguardstopreventmisuseandmightviolatethe
constitutionalrightsoftheindividual.The-EPIC-reportedinearly2005thattheFBIhad
replacedCarnivorewithother,unspecifiedsurveillancesoftwarefromcommercial
sources.
carouselview(n)~InPowerPivotGallery,aspecializedviewwherethepreviewareais
centeredandthethumbnailsthatimmediatelyprecedeandfollowthecurrentthumbnail
areadjacenttothepreviewarea.
carriage(n)~Theassemblythatholdstheplatenofatypewriteroratypewriterlike
printer.Onastandardtypewriter,theplatenandcarriagemovepastafixedpositionwithin
thetypewriterhousing,wherethekeysstrikethepaper;theplatenrotatestoadvancethe
paperheldinthecarriage.Onmostimpactprintersforcomputers,however,theprinthead
movesbackandforthacrossaplaten,whichrotatesbutdoesnotmovehorizontally;in
suchmachines,theassemblythatcarriestheprintheadisoftencalledtheprint-head
carriageassembly.
carrier(n)~Acompanythatprovidestelephoneandothercommunicationsservicesto
consumers.
carrier(n)~Asignalinserialcommunicationsthatissentfromamodemtoitscomputer
toindicatethatthemodemisreadyfortransmitting.
carrier~Anetworkoperatormaymarketanynumberofcommunicationservicesfor
voiceanddata.Carriersoffertheirservicestobothend-customers(privateorbusiness)
andothercarriers.Inthelattercase,theservicesimplyconsistsoftransportcapacityfor
long-distancetraffic.
carrierdetected(oth)~Asignalinserialcommunicationsthatissentfromamodemtoits
computertoindicatethatthemodemisreadyfortransmitting.
carryforward(v)~Totransferclosingaccountbalancesfromoneaccountingperiodto
openingaccountbalancesinthesubsequentaccountingperiod.
carry-forwardbudget(n)~Thebudgetthatistransferredfromonefiscalyeartothenext
andthatisreservedforopenpurchaseordersinthenewfiscalyear.
carryingcost(n)~Thecostofretaininginventory,whetherrawmaterials,components,or
finishedgoods.Carryingcosttypicallyisexpressedasapercentageofinventoryvalueper
yearorothertimeperiod.
Cartesianproduct(n)~Anoperatorintherelationalalgebrausedindatabase
managementthat,whenappliedtotwoexistingrelations(tables),resultsinthecreationof
anewtablecontainingallpossibleorderedconcatenations(combinations)oftuples(rows)
fromthefirstrelationwithtuplesfromthesecond.Thenumberofrowsintheresulting
relationistheproductofthenumberofrowsinthetwosourcerelations.
CartoonViolence(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftware
RatingBoard(ESRB).
CASpolicy(n)~Asetofrulesthatdefinessecuritypermissionsforacollectionof
assembliesbyassociatingattributesofthoseassemblies,suchaslocationandsignature,
withasetofcodeaccesssecuritypermissions.
cascade(v)~Topropagateanactionfromonedataentrytoreferencingtablesorentriesin
ordertoenforcereferentialintegrityinarelationaldatabase.Examplesofactionsthatcan
becascadedaredeletionsandupdates.
Cascade~Amethodofconnectingcircuitstogetherinseriestomaketheoutputofone,
theinputofthenext.Thiskindofend-to-endconnectivityisusefulinextendingthe
distanceofanetwork.
Cascade~Amethodofdisplayingseveralwindowsofinformationonamonitor.
cascadedelete(n)~Forrelationshipsthatenforcereferentialintegritybetweentables,the
deletionofallrelatedrecordsintherelatedtableortableswhenarecordintheprimary
tableisdeleted.
cascadingdelete(n)~Forrelationshipsthatenforcereferentialintegritybetweentables,
thedeletionofallrelatedrecordsintherelatedtableortableswhenarecordintheprimary
tableisdeleted.
cascadingevent(n)~Asequenceofeventscausedbyaneventproceduredirectlyor
indirectlycallingitself.
cascadingmenu(n)~Atypeofdrop-downmenuthatappearswhenauserpointstoa
commandonahigher-levelmenu.
cascadingstylesheet(n)~Astylesheet(a.cssfile)attachedtoanHTMLdocumentthat
controlstheformattingoftagsonWebpages.Thebrowserfollowsrules(acascading
order’)todetermineprecedenceandresolveconflicts.’
CascadingStyleSheets(n)~AHypertextMarkupLanguage(HTML)specification
developedbyTheWorldWideWebConsortium(W3C)thatallowsauthorsofHTML
documentsanduserstoattachstylesheetstoHTMLdocuments.Thestylesheetsinclude
typographicalinformationonhowthepageshouldappear,suchasthefontofthetextin
thepage.ThisspecificationalsodirectsthewayinwhichthestylesheetsoftheHTML
documentandtheuser’sstylewillblend.
cascadingupdate(n)~Forrelationshipsthatenforcereferentialintegritybetweentables,
theupdatingofallrelatedrecordsintherelatedtableortableswhenarecordinthe
primarytableischanged.
case(n)~Intextprocessing,anindicationofwhetheroneormorealphabeticcharacters
arecapitalized(uppercase)ornot(lowercase).Acase-sensitiveprogramorroutine
distinguishesbetweenuppercaseandlowercaselettersandtreatsthewordcatastotally
distinctfromeitherCatorCAT.Acase-sensitiveprogramthatalsoseparatescapitalized
andlowercasedwordswouldlistArkansasbeforeaardvarkorantimony,eventhoughits
alphabeticpositionfollowsbothlowercasedwords.
case(n)~Acustomerserviceissueorproblemreportedbyacustomerandtheactivities
thatcustomerservicerepresentativesusetoresolveit.
case(n)~Areceptacleforholdinggoodstobestoredortransported.
case(n)~Anabstractviewofdatacharacterizedbyattributesandrelationstoothercases.
casekey(n)~Theelementofacasebywhichthecaseisreferencedwithinacaseset.
CaseNo.(n)~Thenumbergiventoaspecificcaseforidentificationpurposes.
caseresolution(n)~Anactivitythatincludessuchinformationasthedescriptionofthe
resolutionandthebillabletimeofthecase.
casesensitivity(n)~Discriminationbetweenlowercaseanduppercasecharactersina
programoraprogramminglanguage.
CaseType(n)~Asub-categoryofcustomerserviceissuesthatindicateswhetheranissue
isaquestion,problem,orrequest.
cash(n)~Acurrencylimitedtomoney.
cashdiscount(n)~Adiscountthatisofferedtoapurchaserforpayingearlyorpaying
withcash.
cashdiscount(n)~Adiscountthatdependsonpromptpayment.
cashfloat(n)~Anamountofcashprovidedforthepurposeofgivingchangeor
exchangingcash.
cashflow(n)~Theamountofmoneycomingintoandgoingoutofacompanyandthe
timingoftheseflows.
cashflowforecast(n)~Anestimateoffuturecashflowonparticulardates,basedon
currentdataand/orbudgetdata.
cashondelivery(oth)~Apaymentpolicythatrequirespaymentinfullforproductupon
delivery.
cashondeliveryoutstanding(oth)~Undeliveredandunpaidcash-on-delivery
transaction.
cashreceipt(n)~Adocumentusedtorecordpaymentsanddepositsreceivedfrom
customers.
cashreceipt(n)~Asourcedocumentthatdocumentsthereceiptofcashorcash
equivalents.
cashregister(n)~Anelectronicormechanicaldevicewithatillthatrecordssales,
calculatestotals,calculateschange,andgeneratesproductreceipts.
Cashback(PN)~ThemenuitemontheBingmenuthatlinksto
http://www.bing.com/cashback/.
cash-generatingunit(n)~Thesmallestgroupofclassifiableassetsthatgeneratescash
independentlyofotherassetswithinanorganization.Thesegroupsofassetsareusedto
measureimpairmentlossesthatwillbeincurred.
Casino(PN)~TheGamessubcategorycontaininggamesofchance,likepoker,roulette,or
dice.
cast(v)~Toconvertonedatatypetoanother,suchasconvertingfromintegertofloating
point.
catalog(n)~Adirectoryofinformationaboutdatasets,files,oradatabase.Itusually
describeswhereadataset,fileordatabaseentityislocatedandmayalsoincludeother
information,suchasthetypeofdeviceonwhicheachdatasetorfileisstored.
catalog(n)~Acollectionofdata,forexample,asetofimagesandaudiofiles,thatis
groupedintoasingledirectory.
catalog(n)~Acollectionofcategoriesandproducts.Eachcataloghasauniquename.
catalog(n)~AlistofWebPartscontrols(orotherWebserver,customserver,oruser
controls),createdbyaSystem.Web.UI.WebControls.CatalogPartcontrol,thatuserscan
addtoaWebPartspage.
catalog(n)~Abinaryfilethatcontainsthestateofallofthesettingsandpackagesina
Windowsimage.Whenacatalogiscreated,itqueriestheWindowsimageforalistingof
allofthesettingsinthatimage.BecausethecontentsofaWindowsimagecanchange
overtime,itisimportantthatyourecreatethecatalogfilewheneveryouupdatea
Windowsimage.
catalog(n)~Thehighest-levelunitoforganizationinWindowsSearch.
catalog(n)~Alistorlibrarythatissharedbetweensitecollections.
CatalogandInventorySchemaManager(n)~AuserinterfaceinCommerceServerthat
allowsuserstoedit,add,orremovecatalogpropertiesandpropertydefinitions.
catalogdata(n)~Thecontentofthecatalog,includingdataabouttheindividualproduct
itemsandtheirorganizedcategories.
catalogdefinition(n)~Adescriptionofthecharacteristicsofacatalog.Thecatalog
definitionconsistsofpropertiesthatdefinethecatalog.Severalcatalogscanshareone
definition.
CatalogDesignermodule(n)~TheCommerceServerBusinessDeskmoduleusedto
createandmanagecatalogschema.Catalogschemaconsistsofcategorydefinitions,
productdefinitions,andpropertydefinitions.Thesecomponentsarethefoundationofthe
categories,products,andpropertiesincatalogs.
CatalogEditormodule(n)~TheCommerceServerBusinessDeskmoduleusedtoedit
andmanagecatalogs.TheCatalogEditormodulesupportsadding,editing,anddeleting
productsandcategories,aswellas,importingandexportingcatalogsandrefreshingfulltextindexing.
catalogexpression(n)~Anexpressionthatspecifieswhichcatalogproductsmustbein
thebasketbeforeadiscountisapplied.
catalogfile(n)~Afilethatcontainslinkstoalldatastoredinacatalogandthethumbnail
imagesthatcorrespondtothoseimages.
CatalogFinder(PN)~Afeaturethatletstheusersearchforaparticularcatalogfile.
CatalogImporters(PN)~Afeaturethatletstheuserchoosewhichfiletypeswillbe
recognizedforimportintoacatalog.
CatalogMaintenanceRequestfile(PN)~Adatafileofproducts,theirdescriptionsand
prices,andactioncodesthatadd,update,ordeleteproductdatainavendorcatalog.
CatalogManager(n)~TheCommerceServerBusinessManagementuserinterfaceused
toimport,create,andmanagebaseandvirtualcatalogs.
catalogmerge(n)~Theprocessofcombininginformationfromadatasourcewitha
templatetocreatepagesthatdisplaymultiplerecordsperpage.
catalogmergearea(n)~Theareainacatalogmergetemplateintowhichmergefieldsare
inserted.Whenamergeiscompleted,datafromadatasourcepopulateseachfield,andthe
catalogmergeareawillrepeatanddisplaymultiplerecordsoneachpage.
catalogproperty(n)~Oneofthebasicpropertiesthatdescribesacatalog,suchasname,
startdate,enddate,currency,unitofweightmeasure,andproductuniqueID.
catalogschema(n)~Adescriptionofacatalogthatspecifiesitscategorydefinitions,
productdefinitions,andpropertydefinitions.Severalcatalogscanshareoneschema.
catalogset(n)~Agroupofoneormorecatalogs.
catalogset(n)~Afree-form,hierarchicalmethodoforganizingmediafiles.Youcanuse
catalogsetstoorganizeplaylists,photoalbums,andworkassignments,ortocreatea
complexsystemofcategorization.
CatalogSetsmodule(n)~TheCommerceServerBusinessDeskmoduleusedtocreate
andmanagecatalogsets.
catalogviews(n)~Built-inviewsthatformthesystemcatalogforSQLServer.
catastrophicerror(n)~Anerrorthatcausesthesystemoraprogramtofailabruptlywith
nohopeofrecovery.Anexampleofafatalerrorisanuncaughtexceptionthatcannotbe
handled.
catchweight(n)~Theactualornominalweightofasalesitemorinventoryitem.
catch-upscan(n)~Ascanthatisinitiatedbecauseregularlyscheduledquickscansorfull
scansweremissed.
Categories(PN)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertoapplycustomordefaultmarkersto
items(e.g.OutlookmessagesorOneNotecontent)inordertocategorizeinformationfor
easyretrievalandsorting.
categories(PN)~Alistofcategoriesthatdevelopersselectfromtomaketheirappmore
discoverable.
categories(PN)~AlistofdifferenttypesofXboxMusicapplicationcontents,suchas
games,music+video,lifestyle.
Categories(PN)~ThesectionoftheStorethatshowssubgroupsofappsandgames,
groupedbyintendeduseorfunction.
categorize(v)~Tocustomgroupapplications,computers,devices,Websites,andupdates
intosetsthatyoucanusetoorganizeyourdataandtocreatecustomreports.
categorizer(n)~AcomponentofExchangetransportthatprocessesallincoming
messagesanddetermineswhattodowiththemessagesbasedoninformationaboutthe
intendedrecipients.InExchangeServer2007,theEdgeTransportserverusesthe
categorizertoroutethemessagetotheappropriatedestination.TheHubTransportserver
usesthecategorizertoexpanddistributionlistsandidentifyalternaterecipientsand
forwardingaddresses.Afterthecategorizerretrievesfullinformationaboutrecipients,it
usesthatinformationtoapplypolicies,routethemessage,andperformcontent
conversion.
category(n)~Acontainerforproductsorsub-categories.Eachcategoryisanindividual
instanceofacategorydefinition.
Category(n)~AUIelementthatausercanclickontoassociatecategorieswithan
appointment.
category(n)~Akeywordordescriptionusedtoidentifygroupsofrelateditems.
category(n)~Atab-likenavigationlinkthatprovidesaccessbetweendifferentsectionsof
informationwithintheOptionsdialogbox.
category(n)~Aclassificationforgroupingcontentbyuser-definedcriteriasuchaspage
contents,filetypes,orasimilardistinction.
category(n)~Acustomgroupingusedtoorganizeyourdataandtocreatecustomized
reports.
category(n)~Akeywordorphrasewithanassociatedcolorthathelpsyoukeeptrackof
items,suchasmessages,contacts,andappointments.Youcanusecolorcategoriesto
easilyfind,sort,filter,orgroupitems.
category(n)~Aclassifierusedtogroupparties,locations,products,andactivities.
category(n)~Aclassifier,designation,ordivisionofobjectsthatshareacommon
property.
category(n)~IntheAlertsworkspace,aniteminthenavigationpane.
categoryaxis(n)~Achartaxisthatrepresentsthecategoryforeachdatapoint.Itdisplays
arbitrarytextvalueslikeQtr1,Qtr2,andQtr3;itcannotdisplayscalednumericalvalues.
categorycatalog(n)~Acollectionofcategoryitemsthatareusedonlyforpurchase
requisitions.
categorydefinition(n)~Thepropertiesthatareavailableinaparticulartypeofcategory.
Onecategorydefinitionmaybeusedformanycategories.
CategoryExplorer(n)~Awindowthatdisplaysalistofalltheelementsinthespace
plan,groupedbycategory.Itprovidesawaytoviewtheresourcesinthedrawingby
category.
categoryfield(n)~AfieldthatisdisplayedinthecategoryareaofPivotChartview.Items
inacategoryfieldappearaslabelsonthecategoryaxis.
categoryhierarchy(n)~Astructurethatorderscategoriesusingasuperordinatesubordinaterelationship.
categoryitem(n)~Ageneral,nonspecificitemthatisregisteredinthesystembut
typicallynotstockedandoftenconsumedimmediately.Acategoryitemisusedin
purchaserequisitionswhenuserscannotfindasuitableiteminaproductcatalogorby
searchingallitems.Acategoryitemmustbeassociatedwithaproductcategory.
categoryproperty(n)~Oneofthepropertiesthatformacategorydefinition.
categoryrelationship(n)~Theassociationofoneproductwithanotherproductor
category.Categoryrelationshipshavenames,adescription,andatarget.
CategoryValue(PN)~Afieldthatallowstheusertospecifyabasiccategoryofbusiness
activitythatisinvolvedinonetypeofbusiness.
CAU(PN)~Afeaturethatautomatestheprocessofapplyingsoftwareupdatestothe
nodesinafailovercluster.WithCluster-AwareUpdating,aserveradministratorcan
previewandapplyupdatestoacluster,createaprofilethatstandardizesthewayupdates
areapplied,andviewreportsofpastupdatingruns.Cluster-AwareUpdatingincludesa
graphicalinterface,WindowsPowerShellcmdlets,andforextensibility,acustomplug-in
API.
causalitychain(n)~Aseriesofmethodcalls,events,andasynchronousoperations
leadingfromthebeginningofaprogramtothestatementcurrentlybeingexecutedatrun
time.
causeandeffectdiagram(n)~Atypeofdiagramthatdocumentsallthefactorsthat
contributetooraffectagivensituation(allthecausesthatleadtoacertaineffect).
CBCP(n)~TheNetworkControlProtocolthatnegotiatestheuseofcallbackoverPPP
links.
CBR(n)~Acharacteristicofadatastreaminwhichthebitrateremainsnearlyuniform
forthedurationofthestream.
CBR(n)~AreportgeneratedbyOEMsforeachOA3.0manufacturedcomputerwhichis
thensenttoMicrosoftforprocessing.Thisreportincludesthehardwarehashvalueand
ProductKeyID.
CBS(n)~AservicingmodelusedinWindowsinwhichcomponentsareidentifiedbyan
XMLmanifestcontainingthefullcontentsofthecomponent.Multiplecomponentscanbe
includedinapackage,thecontentsofwhicharealsoidentifiedinanXMLmanifest.
CBS(oth)~Thegovernmentagencythatisresponsibleforcollectingstatistical
information(suchasIntrastatdataormanufacturingstatistics)fromcompaniesinthe
Netherlands.
CBS(PN)~AservicethatmanagestheOLAPcubesforProjectServerreporting.
CBT(n)~Theuseofcomputersandspeciallydevelopedtutorialprogramsforteaching.
CBTusescolor,graphics,andotherattention-gettingaidstohelpmaintaininterest,andit
hasbothsimpleandsophisticatedapplications.
cc(n)~Adirectivetoane-mailprogramtosendacompletecopyofagivenpieceofmail
toanotherindividual.Theuseofccmailaddressing,asopposedtodirectlyaddressingthe
mailtoaperson,generallyimpliesthattherecipientisnotrequiredtotakeanyaction;the
messageisforinformationalpurposesonly.Inaccdirective,thefactthatthisrecipient
receivedthemailisprintedinthemailheaderandisthusknowntoallotherrecipients.
Ccline(n)~TextboxlocatedontheComposepage.Providesspaceforuserstotypethe
e-mailaddress(es)ofthosewhowillbethesecondaryrecipient(s)ofane-mailmessage.
Derivesfromthetermcarboncopy.
cc:Mail(PN)~Ane-mailprogramoriginallyintroducedbycc:mail,Inc.,andcurrently
producedbytheLotusDevelopmentCorporation.Lotuscc:Mailrunsonmultiple
networkingplatformsandtheInternetandiscloselyintegratedwithLotusNotes
collaborativesoftware.
CCB(n)~AspecificallyformattedinformationsetusedintheIBMTokenRing
environmentthatistransmittedfromtheapplicationprogramtotheadaptersupport
softwaretorequestanoperation.
CCB(n)~Aninternalfilesystemstructureinwhichafilesystemmaintainstheper-file
objectstateforanopeninstanceofafile.
CCCP(n)~Acustomprotocolforcommunicatingconferencecreationandcontrol
commandsfromclientstoCommunicationsServer.
CCD(n)~Adeviceinwhichindividualsemiconductorcomponentsareconnectedsothat
theelectricalchargeattheoutputofonedeviceprovidestheinputtothenext.
CCD(n)~Astandardformatusedtotransferpatienthealthinformationbetweensystems.
CCD(PN)~CorporateCashDisbursement-AuniqueStandardEntryCode(SEC)thatis
primarilyusedforbusiness-to-businesstransactions.
CCD~(ChargeCoupledDevice)-Thecomponentofa-scanner-ordigitalcamerawhich
actuallytakesthepictures.Thequalityofimageitiscapableofisusuallymeasured
in-Megapixels--thehigherthenumber,themoredetailedtheimage.
CCM(n)~Anumericcodethatidentifiestaxpayerswhoperformself-employedworkin
Brazil.
CCR(n)~Areplicationthatcombinestheasynchronouslogshippingandreplayfeatures
builtintoExchange2007withthefailoverandmanagementfeaturesprovidedbya
failoverclusterthatiscreatedwiththeMicrosoftWindowsClusterservice.
CCR(n)~Astandardformatusedtotransferpatienthealthinformationbetweensystems.
CCW(n)~Aproxyobjectgeneratedbythecommonlanguageruntimesothatexisting
COMapplicationscanusemanagedclasses,including.NETFrameworkclasses,
transparently.
CD(n)~Anopticalstoragemediumfordigitaldata.
CDboot(n)~TheprocessofstartingacomputerfromtheretailproductCD-ROMand
theninstallingWindowsontheharddiskusingtheSetupprogramontheCD.
CDburner(n)~AdeviceusedtowriteCD-ROMs.Becauseadisccanbewrittenonly
onceonthesemachines,theyareusedmostcommonlytocreateCD-ROMsfordata
archivesortoproduceCD-ROMmastersthatcanbeduplicatedformassdistribution.
CDBurner~ACDdrivethatcancreate(‘burn’)CDs.
CDburnerspeed(n)~ThespeedatwhichtheCDdrivewillrecordthedata.
CDdrive(n)~AnelectromechancialdevicethatreadsdataonCD-ROMs.MostCDROMdriveshaveaSCSIinterface,althoughsomeareconnectedtoaPCviaacontroller
foradiskdrive.Dataisreadthroughasmalllaserthatisfocusedonthesurfaceofthe
CD-ROMthroughopticalmirrorsintheread/writehead.Aspindleanddrivemotor
revolvetheCD-ROM,soalldata,whichisstoredinspiralsfromthecenter,canberead.
CDjewelcase(n)~TheplasticcasehousingaCD.
CDplayer(n)~Adevicethatreadstheinformationstoredonacompactdisc.Acompact
discplayercontainstheopticalequipmentnecessaryforreadingadisc’scontentsandthe
electroniccircuitryforinterpretingthedataasitisread.
CDrecorder(n)~AdeviceusedtowriteCD-ROMs.Becauseadisccanbewrittenonly
onceonthesemachines,theyareusedmostcommonlytocreateCD-ROMsfordata
archivesortoproduceCD-ROMmastersthatcanbeduplicatedformassdistribution.
CDsleeve(n)~AcaseforholdingCDs.
CD/DVD-ROMsubscription(n)~TheactofsubscribingtoproductmediainCD/DVD
format.
CDA(oth)~Anabbreviationfor-€˜ClinicalDocumentArchitecture’whichisthestandard
formatusedtodefinehowpatienthealthinformationistransferredbetweensystems.
CDATA(n)~AsectioninanExtensibleMarkupLanguage(XML)document,bracketed
by[!CDATA[[and]]]characters.Alldatainthissection,includingmarkuptags,istreated
asnormalcharactersbytheXMLparser.
CDFS(n)~A32-bitprotected-modefilesystemthatcontrolsaccesstothecontentsof
CD-ROMdrives.
CDMAnetwork(n)~ACodeDivisionMultipleAccess(CDMA)network,usedby
phonesthatdonothaveSIMcards.
CDN(n)~Adistributedsystemofserversdeployedinmultipledatacentersthatcache
contentfromoriginserversandthenserveittocustomers.Thisactionreducestheloadon
theoriginserversandprovideshigh-availabilityandperformancetocustomers.
CDN(PN)~TheMicrosoftAzurecachingservicethatstoresblobsatstrategicallyplaced
locationstoprovidemaximumbandwidthfordeliveringcontenttousers.
CDNDataTransfer(GB)(PN)~TheunitofmeasurefortheCDNDataTransfer
resource.
CDNSSLTransactions(in10,000s)(PN)~TheunitofmeasurefortheCDNtransactions
transferredviatheSecureSocketLayer.
CDNTransactions(in10,000s)(PN)~TheunitofmeasurefortheCDNTransactions
resource.
CDO(n)~Adeviceobjectthatrepresentsthefilterdrivertothesystemandtouser-mode
applicationandwhichallowsapplicationstocommunicatewiththefilterdriverdirectly,
evenbeforethefilterisattachedtoafilesystemorvolumedeviceobject.
CDO(n)~Anapplicationprogramminginterface(API)thatallowsusersandapplications
high-levelaccesstodataobjectsinExchange.CDOdefinestheconceptofdifferentobject
classes,includingmessages,posts,appointments,andtasks.
CDP(n)~Acertificateextensionthatindicateswherethecertificaterevocationlistfora
CAcanberetrieved.Itcancontainnone,one,ormanyHTTP,file,orLDAPURLs.
CDR(n)~AfunctionoftheMonitoringServerforcollectinginformationsuchaswhena
usersignsinorout;starts,joins,leaves,orendsaconferenceorIMsession;transfersa
file;orplacesoranswersaVoIPcall.CDRcapturesonlyusagedata;itdoesnotarchive
thecontentofanycommunicationactivity.
CD-R(n)~AtypeofCD-ROMthatcanbewritten(onlyonce)onaCDrecorderandread
onaCD-ROMdrive.
CD-ROM(n)~Aformofstoragecharacterizedbyhighcapacity(roughly650MB)and
theuseoflaseropticsinsteadofmagneticmeansforreadingdata.
CD-ROMdrive(n)~AnelectromechancialdevicethatreadsdataonCD-ROMs.Most
CD-ROMdriveshaveaSCSIinterface,althoughsomeareconnectedtoaPCviaa
controllerforadiskdrive.Dataisreadthroughasmalllaserthatisfocusedonthesurface
oftheCD-ROMthroughopticalmirrorsintheread/writehead.Aspindleanddrivemotor
revolvetheCD-ROM,soalldata,whichisstoredinspiralsfromthecenter,canberead.
CD-ROM,CD-R~(CompactDisk-ReadOnlyMemory)-Amisnomer,asstrictly
speakingitisnotmemorybutstorage.IdenticaltostandardmusicCDs.Apopular
mediumforreleasingprograms.Nowbeingreplacedby-DVD,whichhasamuchhigher
capacity.
CDRs(n)~AnOfficeCommunicationsServerArchivingServicefeatureforcapturing
andreportingoneventsassociatedwithusersloggingonandoff,IMconversations,and
conferences.
CD-RW(n)~AtypeofCDonwhichfilescanbecopied,erased,andreplaced.
CD-RW~(CompactDisk-ReWriter)-ACDdrivewhichcancreateCDs,eitheraudioor
data,usingspecialrewriteableCDswhicharealsooftencalledCD-RWs.ACD-RWdrive
canalsocreateordinaryCDs,thoughnotrewritethem.
CDS(PN)~AservicethatenablesDCEclientstolocatecompatibleservers.
CE~CE-markingisaEuropeanUnionregulatorycommunitysign.Itsymbolizesthe
complianceoftheproductwithallessentialrequirementsrelatingtosafety,publichealth,
consumerprotection.-http://www.eurunion.org/
cedilla(n)~Thediacriticalmark‘-¸’placedunderalettertoindicateanalterationor
modificationofitsusualphoneticvalue(asintheFrenchword‘façade’).
CEIP(PN)~AMicrosoftprogramthatinvitescustomerstoprovideMicrosoftwithmore
detailedinformationabouthowthesoftwareisusedincludingthetypeandfrequencyof
errors,softwareandhardwareperformance,andfeatureusage.Thisinformationis
anonymousandvoluntary,andisusedstrictlyforthepurposesofsoftwaredevelopment.
cell(n)~Aboxformedbytheintersectionofarowandacolumninaworksheetora
table,inwhichyouenterinformation.
cell(n)~Inacube,thesetofproperties,includingavalue,specifiedbytheintersection
whenonememberisselectedfromeachdimension.
CellDirectoryService(PN)~AservicethatenablesDCEclientstolocatecompatible
servers.
cellphone(n)~Ahandheldportabletelephonethatoperatesthrougharadionetwork.
cellrange(n)~Ablockoftwoormorecellsinaspreadsheet.
cellreference(n)~Thesetofcoordinatesthatacelloccupiesonaworksheet.For
example,thereferenceofthecellthatappearsattheintersectionofcolumnBandrow3is
B3.
cellspacing(n)~Thedistancebetweenthecellsofatableorworkbook.
cellset(n)~InADOMD,anobjectthatcontainsacollectionofcellsselectedfromcubes
orothercellsetsbyamultidimensionalquery.
cellular(n)~Aradionetworkthatprovidescoverageforcellulartelephone
communications.
Cellular&SIM(PN)~AfeatureinSettingswheretheusercanchangethesettingsforthe
cellularconnectionandfortheSIMcard.
cellulardata(n)~Non-voicedatathataphoneexchangesovertheair,usingthemobile
operator’scellularnetwork.
CellularLine(PN)~AmodemoptionusedtoconnecttoanInternetserviceprovider
(ISP)ornetwork.
cellularnetwork(n)~Aradionetworkthatprovidescoverageforcellulartelephone
communications.
cellularphone(n)~Ahandheldportabletelephonethatoperatesthrougharadionetwork.
cellularsignal(n)~Thesignalbetweenacellularphoneandthemobileoperator’s
networkthatallowstheusertoaccesstheInternetandmakephonecallsusingacellular
phone.Atelecommunicationsstandardthatletsuserssendandreceivemessagesthat
includerichtext,images,audio,andvideo.
Celtic(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#88.
centsign(n)~The-¢character.
CENTSIGN(n)~The-¢character.
center(v)~Toalignobjectsortextaroundapointlocatedinthemiddleofaline,page,or
otherdefinedarea;ineffect,topositionitemsanequaldistancefromeachmarginor
border.
centerofrotation(n)~Thepointaroundwhichashapeortextblockrotates.
centerpoint(n)~Thepointonanobjectaroundwhichtheobjectcanberotated,scaled,
orskewed.(Whenscalingorskewing,theALTkeymustbepressedtousethecenterpoint
astheanchorinsteadoftheoppositeedge.)Thecenterpointstartsoutinthecenterofthe
object,butcanbemovedanywhere.
centeredmode(n)~Akeyboardlayoutinwhichtheonscreenkeyboardiscentered.
centerlinetrap(n)~Thesmalloverlapcreatedwheretwodifferentlycoloredobjectsthat
arecloseinluminanceabutonaprintedpage.
center-spot(n)~Inphotography,pertainingtoaspotmeteringmodewhichusesatiny
pointattheverycenterofthesceneincalculatingexposure.
CentraalBureauvoordeStatistiek(n)~Thegovernmentagencythatisresponsiblefor
collectingstatisticalinformation(suchasIntrastatdataormanufacturingstatistics)from
companiesintheNetherlands.
centralaccesspolicy(n)~Anaccesspolicythatallowsorganizationstocentrallydeploy
andmanageauthorizationpoliciesthatincludeconditionalexpressionsusingusergroups,
userclaims,deviceclaims,andresourceproperties.
CentralAdministrationsite(PN)~AspecialSharePointsitewhereanadministratorcan
manageallsitesandserversinafarmthatisrunningMicrosoft-®SharePoint-®Products
andTechnologies.
centraladministrationsite(n)~Asitethatcoordinatesintersitedatareplicationacross
thehierarchybyusingConfigurationManagerdatabasereplication,andenablesthe
administrationofhierarchy-wideconfigurationsforclientagents,discovery,andother
operations.
CentralBankMFOCode(n)~A9-digitcodeusedtoidentifybanksforrouting
transactionsintheRussianFederation.
centralbanktransactioncode(n)~AstatisticalcodedefinedbytheCentralBankof
RussiausedtodescribethesubjectsofpaymentsdenominatedinRussianroublesfor
cross-bordertransactions.
CentralBureauforStatistics(n)~Thegovernmentagencythatisresponsiblefor
collectingstatisticalinformation(suchasIntrastatdataormanufacturingstatistics)from
companiesintheNetherlands.
CentralManagementServer(n)~Theserverrole(oneperorganization)ononeFront
Endpoolinthedeploymentthatmanagesanddeploysbasicconfigurationdatatoall
serversthatarerunningLyncServer.AlsoprovidesLyncServerManagementShelland
filetransfercapabilities.
CentralManagementstore(PN)~Thecentraldatabase(oneperorganization)that
containsthedatatodefine,setup,maintain,andadministeradeployment,includingthe
deploymenttopologyanduserpolicies.
centralprocessingunit(n)~Thecomputationalandcontrolunitofacomputer.TheCPU
isthedevicethatinterpretsandexecutesinstructions.Mainframesandearly
minicomputerscontainedcircuitboardsfullofintegratedcircuitsthatimplementedthe
CPU.Single-chipcentralprocessingunits,calledmicroprocessors,madepossiblepersonal
computersandworkstations.
CentralPublishingservice(PN)~AservicewithinRemoteDesktopServicesresponsible
foraggregatingRemoteAppprogramsanddesktopsthatarepublishedtoendusersfrom
acrosstheentiredeployment.Itensureonlyuserswithappropriaterightscanaccess
publishedresources.Theresourcesareusedtodisplayerrormessagesthat,forexample,
mightsaythatthepublishingserviceisunavailable.Thiscanhelptheadmindebugtheir
deployment.
centralsite(n)~TheprimarysiteatthetopoftheConfigurationManagerhierarchy,to
whichallothersitesinthesystemreporttheirinventory,siteconfigurations,software
meteringdata,andstatus.
CentralizedCertificates(PN)~AnIISfeaturethatprovidesasingleSSLcertificatestore
foraserverfarm(webfarm)andsimplifiesthemanagementofSSLbindings.
CentralizedConferenceControlProtocol(n)~Acustomprotocolforcommunicating
conferencecreationandcontrolcommandsfromclientstoCommunicationsServer.
centralizedpaymentsystem(n)~Apaymentprocessingsysteminwhichonecompanyin
anorganizationmanagestheincomingandoutgoingpaymentsbetweenothercompanies
inthesameorganization.Theothercompaniesstillowntheinvoices.Duringthe
settlementprocess,applicable‘dueto’and‘duefrom’transactionsaregenerated.
centralizedprocessing(n)~Asharedservicethatpoolsresourcesforleveragingorcost
reductionpurposes.
centralizedregistrationmodel(n)~Aregistrationmodelthatremovesallcertificate
subscriberparticipationfromthemanagementpolicy.Fortheworkflow,auserdesignated
astheoriginatorwillinitiatetherequestandanenrollmentagentwillexecutetherequest.
centralizedstatement(n)~Aconsolidatedcustomerstatementthatincludestransaction
dataforallcompaniesinthesameorganizationthatacustomerdoesbusinesswith.
Centrex~Aserviceprovidedfromareservedsectionofthemainpublicexchangethat
hasbeenreprogrammedtoactasifitweretheexclusivePBXofanindividualuser,in
otherwordsa‘virtual’PBX.
Centronics(PN)~Astandard36-pinparallelinterfaceforconnectingprintersandother
devicestoacomputer.Itdefinestheplu,socketandsignalsusedandtransfersdata
asynchronouslyupto2000Kbytes/sec.Thisdefactostandardwasdevelopedbythe
printermanufacturersCentronicsCorp.
CEP(n)~Thecontinuousandincrementalprocessingofeventstreamsfrommultiple
sourcesbasedondeclarativequeryandpatternspecificationswithnear-zerolatency.
CEP(PN)~AroleservicewithintheADCSserverrolethatenablesusersandcomputers
toobtaincertificateenrollmentpolicyinformationevenwhenthecomputerisnota
memberofadomainorifadomain-joinedcomputeristemporarilyoutsidethesecurity
boundaryofthecorporatenetwork.
CEPengine(n)~ThecoreengineandadapterframeworkcomponentsofMicrosoft
StreamInsight.TheStreamInsightservercanbeusedtoprocessandanalyzetheevent
streamsassociatedwithacomplexeventprocessingapplication.
CERN(PN)~AphysicsresearchcenterlocatedinGeneva,Switzerland,wherethe
originaldevelopmentoftheWorldWideWebtookplaceundertheleadershipofTim
Berners-Leein1989asamethodtofacilitatecommunicationamongmembersofthe
scientificcommunity.
CERO(n)~Anon-profit,self-regulatoryorganizationwhichappliesandenforces
interactivegameratingsinJapan.
CertManager(PN)~AfeatureusedtoimportandexportdigitalIDsandtoviewall
digitalIDsstoredontheuser’scomputer.
certificate(n)~Adigitaldocumentthatiscommonlyusedforauthenticationandtohelp
secureinformationonanetwork.Acertificatebindsapublickeytoanentitythatholdsthe
correspondingprivatekey.Certificatesaredigitallysignedbythecertificationauthority
thatissuesthem,andtheycanbeissuedforauser,acomputer,oraservice.
certificate~Digitalrepresentationofuserordeviceattributes,includingapublickey,that
issignedwithanauthoritativeprivatekey.
certificateauthentication(n)~AformofIISauthenticationinwhichIISacceptsclientcertificatesusedtoprovetheclient’sidentity.Usingthisformofauthentication,IIScan
optionallymapaclientcertificatetoaWindowsuseraccountbyusinganinternal
mappingtableorActiveDirectory.
certificatechain(n)~Asequenceofcertificates,whereeachcertificateinthesequenceis
signedbythesubsequentcertificate.Thelastcertificateinthechainisnormallyaselfsignedcertificate.
certificatechaining(n)~Aprocessthatbuildsoneormorecertificatepaths.The
certificatepathsmayormaynottraceuptoaself-signedorrootcertificate.
certificateenrollment(n)~Theprocessofrequesting,receiving,andinstallinga
certificate.
certificateenrollmentpolicy(n)~Asetofrulesgoverningcertificateenrollment.
CertificateEnrollmentPolicyWebService(PN)~AroleservicewithintheADCS
serverrolethatenablesusersandcomputerstoobtaincertificateenrollmentpolicy
informationevenwhenthecomputerisnotamemberofadomainorifadomain-joined
computeristemporarilyoutsidethesecurityboundaryofthecorporatenetwork.
certificateenrollmentrequest(n)~Theinitialphaseofthecertificateenrollmentprocess,
inwhichtheclientsubmitshisrequestforacertificatetothecertificationauthority(CA)
inaspecialformatthatincludestheidentityoftheuserrequestingthecertificateandall
thenecessaryinformationneededbytheCAtoapproveorrejecttherequest.
CertificateEnrollmentWebService(PN)~AroleservicewithintheADCSserverrole
thatenablesusersandcomputerstoenrollforandrenewcertificatesevenwhenthe
computerisnotamemberofadomainorifadomain-joinedcomputeristemporarily
outsidethesecurityboundaryofthecomputernetwork.
certificateissuance(n)~Theprocessofgenerating,issuingandpublishingcertificates,
typicallyinaccordancewiththeapplicablecertificateissuancepolicy.
certificateissuancepolicy(n)~Asetofrulesthatdefinesallthesecurity-relevant
requirements(suchaskeymanagementandauthenticationlevels)thatmustbemetwhen
certificatesareissuedtousers.
certificateissuer(n)~Thecertificationauthoritywhichissuedthecertificatetothe
subject.
CertificateLifecycleManagerClient(PN)~AsuiteofCertificateLifecycleManager
(CLM)clienttoolsthatassistenduserswithmanagingtheirsmartcards.Thetoolsinclude
theSmartCardSelfServiceControl,theSmartCardPersonalizationControl,andthe
CertificateProfileUpdateControl.SeeSmartCardSelf-ServiceControl,SmartCard
PersonalizationControl,CertificateProfileUpdateControl.
certificatemanager(n)~ACertificateLifecycleManager(CLM)userthathasthe
appropriateCLMpermissionstoeitheradministerotherCLMusersortoadministerthe
CLMapplicationitself.
certificatemanagerWebportal(n)~AWebapplicationrunningontheCertificate
LifecycleManager(CLM)server.Thisportalallowscertificateadministratorsto
administerotherusers’certificatesandsmartcards.Thecertificatesubscriberand
certificatemanagerWebportalsarebothaccessedthroughthesameuniversalresource
locator(URL);however,thecontentdisplayedisbasedonauser’srolesandpermissions.
certificateofauthenticity(n)~Alabelwithsophisticatedanti-counterfeitingfeaturesthat
helpstheenduseridentifythatthecomputerusesavalidlylicensedcopyofMicrosoft
Windows.Theproductnameandauniqueproductkeyappearinthecenterofthelabel.
TheOEMmustphysicallyattachtheCOAlabeltothecomputerchassis,anditshould
neverberemovedfromthecomputer.
certificatepolicy(n)~Anamedsetofrulesthatindicatetheapplicabilityofcertificates
foraspecificclassofapplicationswithcommonsecurityrequirements.Suchapolicy
might,forexample,limitcertaincertificatestoelectronicdatainterchangetransactions
withingivenpricelimits.
CertificateProfileUpdateControl(PN)~AnActiveXcontrolthatautomatestheupdate
ofCertificateLifecycleManager(CLM)profilesonclientcomputers.
certificateregistrationpoint(n)~Asitesystemrolethatcommunicateswiththeserver
thatrunstheNetworkDeviceEnrollmentServiceofActiveDirectoryCertificateServices
tomanagedevicecertificaterequeststhatusetheSimpleCertificateEnrollmentProtocol.
certificaterequest(n)~Aspeciallyformattedelectronicmessage(senttoaCA)usedto
requestacertificate.TherequestmustcontaintheinformationrequiredbytheCAto
authenticatetherequest,plusthepublickeyoftheentityrequestingthecertificate.Allthe
informationnecessarytocreatetherequestismappedtoaCERT_REQUEST_INFO
structure.
certificaterevocation(n)~Theprocessofrevokingadigitalcertificate.
certificaterevocationchecking(n)~Awaytoseeifacertificateusedtosignamessage
isvalid.Outlookcancheckthestatusofthecertificatefromtheissuingcertification
authority’sdatabase.
certificaterevocationlist(n)~Adocumentmaintainedandpublishedbyacertification
authoritythatlistscertificatesthathavebeenrevoked.
certificaterevocationlistdistributionpoint(n)~Acertificateextensionthatindicates
wherethecertificaterevocationlistforaCAcanberetrieved.Itcancontainnone,one,or
manyHTTP,file,orLDAPURLs.
CertificateServices(PN)~Asoftwareservicethatissuescertificatesforaparticular
certificationauthority.Itprovidescustomizableservicesforissuingandmanaging
certificatesfortheenterprise.Certificatescanbeusedtoprovideauthenticationsupport,
includingsecuree-mail,Web-basedauthentication,andsmart-cardauthentication.
certificatestore(n)~Apermanentstoragewherecertificates,certificaterevocationlists,
andcertificatetrustlistsarestored.Acertificatestorecanalsobetemporarywhen
workingwithsession-basedcertificates.
certificatesubscriber(n)~Auserthatneedscertificateswithourwithoutsmartcards.
Certificatesubscriberscanaccessasmallnumberoffunctionsthatcanonlybeperformed
fortheuser’sowncertificates.
certificatesubscriberWebportal(n)~AWebapplicationrunningontheCertificate
LifecycleManager(CLM)server.ThiscomponentoftheCLMserverinteractsdirectly
withusersinaself-servicemode.ThespecificfunctionalityisbaseduponActive
Directorygroupmembershipsandpermissions.Thecertificatesubscriberandcertificate
managerWebportalsarebothaccessedthroughthesameuniversalresourcelocator
(URL);however,thecontentdisplayedisbasedonauser’srolesandpermissions.
certificatetemplate(n)~AWindowsconstructthatspecifiestheformatandcontentof
certificatesbasedontheirintendedusage.WhenrequestingacertificatefromaWindows
enterprisecertificationauthority(CA),certificaterequestorscanselectfromavarietyof
certificatetypesthatarebasedoncertificatetemplates.
certificatetrustlist(n)~Asignedlistofrootcertificationauthoritycertificatesthatan
administratorconsidersreputablefordesignatedpurposes,suchasclientauthenticationor
securee-mail.
certificatetrustvalidation(n)~Thevalidationprocessthatdeterminesifacertificate
chainstoarootCAcertificatethatistrustedbytheactualsecuritycontext.
Certificates(PN)~Afeaturethatinitiatestheprocessofsendingacertificatewhena
messageisdigitallysigned.Thecertificateprovesthesender’sidentityandsuppliesthe
recipientwithapublickeywithwhichtodecryptthesender’sencryptedmessage.
certificatessnap-in(n)~AMicrosoftManagementConsole(MMC)snap-inthatisused
tomanagecertificatestoresforusers,computers,andservices.
certificationauthority(n)~Anentityentrustedtoissuecertificatesthatassertthatthe
recipientindividual,computer,ororganizationrequestingthecertificatefulfillsthe
conditionsofanestablishedpolicy.
certificationauthorityhierarchy(n)~Ahierarchyinwhichtherolesofthecertification
authorityareseparatedintoonerootCAandoneormoresubordinateCAs.
certificationauthoritysnap-in(n)~AMicrosoftManagementConsole(MMC)snap-in
thatisusedtoconfigureandmanagecertificationauthorities.
CertificationAuthorityWebEnrollment(PN)~Theroleservicethatprovidesasetof
webpagesthatallowinteractionwiththeCertificationAuthorityroleservice.
certificationhierarchy(n)~Amodeloftrustforcertificatesinwhichcertificationpaths
arecreatedbymeansoftheestablishmentofparent-childrelationshipsbetween
certificationauthorities.
certificationpath(n)~Asequenceofcertificates,whereeachcertificateinthesequence
issignedbythesubsequentcertificate.Thelastcertificateinthechainisnormallyaselfsignedcertificate.
certificationstatus(n)~Thestageofanappinthecertificationprocess.
CertUtil(PN)~Acommand-lineprogramthatisinstalledaspartofCertificateServices
andcanbeusedtodumpanddisplaycertificationauthority(CA)configuration
information,configureCertificateServices,backupandrestoreCAcomponents,and
verifycertificates,keypairs,andcertificatechains.
CES(PN)~AroleservicewithintheADCSserverrolethatenablesusersandcomputers
toenrollforandrenewcertificatesevenwhenthecomputerisnotamemberofadomain
orifadomain-joinedcomputeristemporarilyoutsidethesecurityboundaryofthe
computernetwork.
CFcard(n)~Amemorycardthatissupportedbymanytypesofdevices.Itislargerthan
asecuredigitalcard.
CGI(n)~Aserver-sideinterfaceforinitiatingsoftwareservices.Forexample,asetof
interfacesthatdescribehowaWebservercommunicateswithsoftwareonthesame
computer.AnysoftwarecanbeaCGIprogramifithandlesinputandoutputaccordingto
theCGIstandard.
cgi-bin(n)~AfiledirectorythatholdsexternalapplicationstobeexecutedbyHTTP
serversviaCGI.
CGMS-A(n)~Amethodforcontrollingthecopyingofbroadcastmediacontentthat
allowsonlyonegenerationofcopying.
CGU(n)~Thesmallestgroupofclassifiableassetsthatgeneratescashindependentlyof
otherassetswithinanorganization.Thesegroupsofassetsareusedtomeasure
impairmentlossesthatwillbeincurred.
CGUgroup(n)~Agroupofcash-generatingunits(CGUs)thatisusedtoallocatethenet
bookvalueofanassettoacash-generatingunitandtoallocatetheimpairmentlosses-to
fixedassets.
chain(n)~Therelationshipbetweenapplicationsandrelatedwebservicecallsassociated
withabusinesstransaction.Chainsarenotclient-sideorserver-sidespecific.
chainoftrust(n)~Asequenceofcertificates,whereeachcertificateinthesequenceis
signedbythesubsequentcertificate.Thelastcertificateinthechainisnormallyaselfsignedcertificate.
challenge(n)~Asecuritytaskthatausermustcompletetoverifytheyareahumanand
notamachine.
challengegroup(n)~Thegroupthatconsistsofrequests/connectionsawaiting
authentication.
ChallengeHandshakeAuthenticationProtocol(n)~Achallenge-response
authenticationprotocolforPoint-to-PointProtocol(PPP)connectionsdescribedinRFC
1994.Itusestheindustry-standardMD5hashingalgorithmtohashthecombinationofa
challengestringissuedbytheauthenticatingserverandtheuser’spasswordinthe
response.
challengepassword(n)~Apasswordusedforcertificaterevokationaswellas
authenticationchallenge.
challenge/responseauthentication(n)~Asecuritymechanisminwhichaclient
computerusesitsestablisheduserlogoninformationtoidentifyitselftotheserver
computer.Theuserisnotpromptedtoentertheseusercredentials.Instead,the
informationisavailableaftertheuserfirstlogsontoaMicrosoft-®WindowsNT-®-based
computer.
Chambermusic(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#104.
ChampionofLogic(n)~SkilllevelinthePurblePlacegame.OnceaPurblePlacegame
iscompleted,aplayergetsaskilllevelrankassignedautomaticallybythegame(basedon
numberofguessesandhintsduringthegame).
change(v)~Tomodifythevalueofapropertyorattribute.
changeadvisoryboard(n)~Aformallyconstitutedgroupofpeoplerepresentingservice
deliveryandsupportfunctionsthatisresponsibleforassessing,planning,andauthorizing
changestotheITenvironment.
changeapplier(n)~Anobjectthatperformsconflictdetection,conflicthandling,and
changeapplicationforabatchofchanges.
changecontrol(n)~Principlesandprocessesthatfacilitatethemanagementofchange
withoutcompromisingthequalityorintegrityofanITprojectorsolution,through
structuredproceduresforsubmitting,approving,implementing,andreviewingchange
requests.
changecreator(n)~Theuserwhocreatesanewchangerequest.
ChangeFont(PN)~AbuttonthatopenstheChangeFontdialogbox,wheretheusercan
selectanewfont,style,size,andeffectsforinstantmessages.
changehint(n)~Averticalbarinthemarginofadocumentthatshowswherechanges
havebeentrackedanddisplaysthosechangeswhenclicked.
changehistory(n)~Inasharedfile,informationthatismaintainedaboutchangesmade
inpasteditingsessions.Theinformationincludesthenameofthepersonwhomadeeach
change,whenthechangewasmade,andwhatdatawaschanged.
changejournal(n)~AfeaturethattrackschangestoNTFSvolumes,includingadditions,
deletions,andmodifications.Thechangejournalexistsonthevolumeasasparsefile.
ChangeLevelofAccess(PN)~Contactcontextmenuitemthatallowstheusertoassign
anaccessleveltotheselectedcontact(s).
changelog(n)~Thelogwherethequorumresourcestoresdata.Thisdataismaintained
bytheclusteringsoftware.
changemanagement(n)~Thepracticeofadministeringchangeswiththehelpoftested
methodsandtechniquesinordertoavoidnewerrorsandminimizetheimpactofchanges.
changemanager(n)~Auserwhocoordinateschangerequests.Someofthetasksinclude
addingorremovingactivities,votingonbehalfofthechangeadvisoryboard,overriding
votes,orputtingchangerequestsonhold.
changemarker(n)~Aniconthatdesignatesachangemadebyareviewertoa
presentation.
ChangeMessageFont(oth)~AbuttonintheOptionsdialogbox,InstantMessagestab,
wheretheusercanchangethefontofthetextofinstantmessageconversations.
changepropagation(n)~Theprocessofapplyingchangesfromonereplicatoanother.
changerequest(n)~AmeansofproposingachangetoanycomponentofanIT
infrastructureoranyaspectofanITService.Itmaybeadocumentorrecordinwhichthe
natureanddetailsofandthejustificationandauthorizationfortheproposedchangeare
entered.
changescript(n)~AtextfilethatcontainsSQLstatementsforallchangesmadetoa
database,intheorderinwhichtheyweremade,duringaneditingsession.
ChangeSign-InAccount…(PN)~AnitemontheConnectmenuthatopenstheAccounts
taboftheOptionsdialogbox,wheretheusercanchangesign-innameandCommunicator
serverinformation.
ChangethetaskstatustoCompletedandclosetheform(oth)~Checkboxthat
indicatesiftheuserwantstohavethetaskmarkedascompletedafterithasbeen
convertedtoanopportunity.
changetypeattribute(n)~Anattributeapplicabletotextfileanddatabasemanagement
agentsthatdenotesthetypeofchange(thatis,add,modify,ordelete)tobemadetoa
connectorspaceobject.
changeunit(n)~Theminimalunitofchangetrackinginastore.Inchangepropagation,
onlytheunitsthatarechangedmustbesent;whereas,inconflictdetection,independent
changestothesameunitareconsideredaconflict.
changedlines(n)~Verticallinesappearingnexttotextthathasbeenadded,deleted,or
changedbyusingtrackedchanges.Youcanspecifythatchangedlinesappeartotheleftor
rightoftext.Youcanalsohidechangedlines.
ChangeEvent(n)~Inastatechartoractivitydiagram,aneventinwhichadesignated
conditionbecomestrue.AChangeEventisindicatedbythekeywordwhenfollowedbya
Booleanexpressioninparentheses,forexample:when(balance<0)
changeset(n)~Alogicalgroupingofchanges.Thepurposeofchangesetsistogroupall
ofthefileandworkitemupdatesthatgetdeliveredwithasinglecheck-inaction.
changesetID(n)~AnumericalIDthatisassignedtoaspecificchangeset.
changingdimension(n)~Adimensionthathasaflexiblememberstructure,andis
designedtosupportfrequentchangestostructureanddata.
channel(n)~Apaththroughwhichinformationpassesbetweentwocomputersordevices.
Itcanrefertothephysicalmedium(suchaswires)ortoasetofpropertiesthat
distinguishesonechannelfromanother.
Channel(PN)~Adrop-downlistfromwhichuserscanselectthemethodofdistribution
(foracampaignactivity),orthemethodofhowacustomer’scasewillbehandled(foran
entitlement).
channel(n)~Thedistributionmethodusedforacampaignactivityinamarketing
campaign.
channel(n)~Amediumfortransferringinformation.Dependingonitstype,a
communicationschannelcancarryinformation(data,sound,and/orvideo)ineitheranalog
ordigitalform.Acommunicationschannelcanbeaphysicallink,suchasthecable
connectingtwostationsinanetwork,oritcanconsistofsomeelectromagnetic
transmissionononeormorefrequencieswithinabandwidthintheelectromagnetic
spectrum,asinradioandtelevision,orinoptical,microwave,orvoice-grade
communication.
channel(n)~Apathenablingoneinboundoroutboundcall.Callingchannelsareameans
ofhavingconcurrentcallsonPBX.
channelagility(n)~Theswitchingoffrequencieswithinagivenbandwidthduringa
point-to-pointtransmission.
ChannelBank~Channelterminalequipmentusedforcombining(multiplexing)
channelsonafrequency-divisionortime-divisionbasis.
Chanson(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#102.
CHAP(n)~Achallenge-responseauthenticationprotocolforPoint-to-PointProtocol
(PPP)connectionsdescribedinRFC1994.Itusestheindustry-standardMD5hashing
algorithmtohashthecombinationofachallengestringissuedbytheauthenticatingserver
andtheuser’spasswordintheresponse.
chapter(n)~InaDVDoravideo,aportionofatitle,suchasasceneorsequence.Atitle
cancontainoneormorechapters.
chapter(n)~Anidentifierofagroupofdetailswithinarowset.
Chapter11(n)~AU.S.bankrupcystatutethatallowsadebtortocontinuetoowna
businessandcontrolitsoperationswhilereorganizingthebusinesstoachievesolvency.
chapterpoint(n)~Aninternalmarkerusedtomarkthebeginningandtheendofa
chaptertohelpnavigateDVDsorvideos.
char(PN)~Thedatatypethatholdsamaximumof8,000characters.
chardatatype(n)~Acharacterdatatypethatholdsamaximumof8,000characters.
character(n)~Aletter,number,punctuationmark,orothersymbol.
Character~Aletterofthealphabet,number,spaceorpunctuationmarkisacharacter.
charactercode(n)~Anumericvaluethatcorrespondstoaparticularcharacterinaset.
characterdata(n)~Allthetextualcontentofanelementorattributethatisnotmarkup.
XMLdifferentiatesthisplaintextfrombinarydata.IntheXMLOM,characterdatais
storedintextnodes,whichareimplementedasDOMtextobjects.
characterencoding(n)~Aone-to-onemappingbetweenasetofcharactersandasetof
numbers.
characterentity(n)~Acodethat’susedinHTMLtodescribesymbols,international
letters,andotherspecialcharacters.CharacterentitiesaremaintainedbytheInternational
StandardsOrganization(ISO).
characterformatting(n)~Formattingyoucanapplytoselectedtextcharacters.
charactermap(n)~Intext-basedcomputergraphics,ablockofmemoryaddressesthat
correspondtocharacterspacesonadisplayscreen.Thememoryallocatedtoeach
characterspaceisusedtoholdthedescriptionofthecharactertobedisplayedinthat
space.
CharacterMap(n)~AfeatureinWindowsthatmakesitpossibletousecharactersthat
arenotdisplayedonthekeyboard.
charactermode(n)~Adisplaymodeinwhichthemonitorcandisplayletters,numbers,
andothertextcharactersbutnographicalimagesorWYSIWYG(what-you-see-is-whatyou-get’)characterformatting(italics
characterpad(n)~ThepadinTabletPCInputPanelthatyoucanusetowriteone
character(suchasaletter,number,orsymbol)atatime.Eachcharacterisconvertedinto
typedtext.
characterset(n)~Agroupingofalphabetic,numeric,andothercharactersthathavesome
relationshipincommon.Forexample,thestandardASCIIcharactersetincludesletters,
numbers,symbols,andcontrolcodesthatmakeuptheASCIIcodingscheme.
characterspacing(n)~Thedistancebetweencharactersinalineoftext.Tracking,
kerning,andscalingcanbeusedtoadjustthespacebetweencharacters.
characterstring(n)~Asetofcharacterstreatedasaunitandinterpretedbyacomputeras
textratherthannumbers.Acharacterstringcancontainanysequenceofelementsfroma
givencharacterset,suchasletters,numbers,controlcharacters,andextendedASCII
characters.
characterstyle(n)~Acombinationofanyofthecharacterformattingoptionsidentified
byastylename.
characteristicdiagram(n)~Atypeofdiagramthatdocumentsallthefactorsthat
contributetooraffectagivensituation(allthecausesthatleadtoacertaineffect).
characterspersecond(n)~Ameasureoftherateatwhichadevice,suchasadiskdrive,
cantransferdata.Inserialcommunications,thespeedofamodeminbitspersecondcan
generallybedividedby10foraroughdeterminationofthenumberofcharactersper
secondtransmitted.
charge(n)~Theincidentalcostofproductacquisitionorproductdelivery.
chargecard(n)~Acreditcardissuedbybanks.Achargecardauthorizestheholderto
buygoodsorservicesoncredit.Paymentsreceivedfromchargecardsaretreatedas
accountsreceivableamountsbecausetheymustbesubmitedtocardcompaniesfor
reimbursement.
chargevariance(n)~Thedifferencebetweenanexpectedchargeandanactualcharge.
chargeabletransaction(n)~Atransactionthatcanbeincludedonaninvoiceandcharged
toacustomer.
chargeback(n)~Thereturntoacustomer’saccountoffundsthatwereusedtopurchase
anitem.Thismayoccurasaresultofacustomer’scontactingabanktodisputeacreditcardtransaction.
charge-coupleddevice(n)~Adeviceinwhichindividualsemiconductorcomponentsare
connectedsothattheelectricalchargeattheoutputofonedeviceprovidestheinputtothe
next.
charger(n)~Adevice,connectedtoaUSBchargingcable,forchargingthephone
battery.
charm(n)~Aniconthatisattachedtoaneventandthatisviewableinsomeone’s
calendar.Dependingonthecalendarview,acharmmayappearnexttoaneventtitle,or
maybetheonlyvisualrepresentationofaneventonacalendarday.
charm(n)~Auserinterfaceelementsimilartoabuttonthatprovidesaccesstokey
Windowsfeatures,suchasStart,search,sharing,devices,andsettings.Charmsdifferfrom
buttonsinthattheyhaveextendedfunctionality,suchasflyoutmenusthatprovideaccess
toindividualorgroupedcommands.
chart(n)~Agraphicordiagramthatdisplaysdataortherelationshipsbetweensetsof
datainpictorialratherthannumericform.
chart(v)~Tomakeamaporchartof.
chart(n)~Acatalogofinformationforapps,games,moviesandTVshowsbasedon
dynamicinformationsuchasneworfastestrising,topfree,bestrated,andtoppaid.
chartarea(n)~Theentirechartandallitselements.
chartdataregion(n)~Areportitemonareportlayoutthatdisplaysdatainagraphical
format.
charteffectoption(n)~Ananimationenhancementthatletsyouapplyeffectstoachart
byseries,category,orelementinaseriesorcategory.
chartelement(n)~Oneofthedistinctpiecesthatmakeupachart,suchasatitle,axis,
legend,trendline,orerrorbar.
chartofaccounts(n)~Anaccountstructurewhosevalidvaluecombinationsare
constrainedbyintegrityconstraintsandaccountrules.
chartofaccounts(n)~Alistofmainaccounts.
chartsheet(n)~Asheetinaworkbookthatcontainsonlyachart.
chartstyle(n)~Apredefinedstylethatuserscanapplytotheirchartandthatisoptimized
forthecharttype.
ChartWebPart(PN)~AWebPartthatimplementsWebchartcontrolstovisually
displayinformationinavarietyofcharttypesinSharePoint.
Charts(n)~AcustomizableWebpartthatdisplayscharts.
chat(n)~Areal-timeconversationviacomputerusingshortinstantmessagesbetween
twoormoreparticipants.WhenaparticipanttypesalineoftextandthenpressestheEnter
key,thatparticipant’swordsappearonthescreensoftheotherparticipants,whocanthen
respondinkind.
chat(v)~Tocarryonareal-timeconversationwithotherusersbycomputerordevice.
ChatLink(n)~AwebaddressthatCustomerscanclicktoinitiateaChatRequest.
ChatQueue(n)~AcustomizedlistofChatRequestsbasedoncustomcriteria(seeChat
RoutingRules)inordertoorganizeChatRequestsbasedonissuetype,Product,orthe
skillbaseofyourSupportteams.
ChatRequest(n)~ArequestmadebyaCustomertoinitiateaChatSessionwithaCSR
throughaChatLinkontheSupportPortalorexternalwebsites,orusingaPersonalChat
LinkfromaCSR.
chatroom(n)~Adatacommunicationchannelthatlinkscomputersandallowsusersto
sendmessagestoeachotherinrealtime.Chatroomsareavailablethroughonlineservices
andsomeelectronicbulletinboardsystems.
ChatRoutingRule(n)~Acriteria-basedrulethatcanrouteChatRequeststothe
appropriateCSRorQueue,aswellastakedeflectiveactiononChatRequeststhatare
initiatedwhenyourCSRsareunavailableorbusy.
ChatSession(n)~Atext-basedsupportinteractionusingtheLiveChatsystembetweena
CustomerandaCSR.
ChatShortcut(n)~Amacrothatsubstitutesasetkeyphrasewithastringspecifiedby
theCSR.
Chattool(n)~Atoolthatparticipantscanusetocommunicateone-on-oneduringaLive
Meetingsession.
Chatroom~Awebsitewhereyoucanmeetandchatlive(viathekeyboard)withother
internetusers.Mostsuchwebsiteshavemultiple‘rooms’,eachdedicatedtoaparticular
topicortheme.
Chats(PN)~Alabelforatabthathasalistofconversationsforallmethods(modalities)
ofcommunication,suchasvoicecallorinstantmessage,forpastandpresent.
check(n)~Partofagroupofteststhatarerunagainstanapplication.
check(n)~Awrittenorderonabanktopayasumofmoneyfromfundsinanaccount.
Checksshowthenameofthecompanyorindividualreceivingpayment,thesignatureand
accountnumberofthepersonissuingthecheck,thepaymentamountandthecurrentdate.
Checksusuallyarenumberedinsequence.
check(n)~Abillofexchangedrawnonabank.
CheckActiveSLA(PN)~ABooleanfieldfortheConvertRuleentitythatshowswhether
acaseneedstobecreatedforacustomerwithanactiveservicelevelagreement(SLA).
checkbox(n)~Acontrolthatindicateswhetherornotanoptionisselected.Acheckmark
orx’appearsintheboxwhentheoptionisselected.’
checkcard(n)~Atypeofbankcardwheretheamountofpurchaseisimmediately
withdrawnfromtheuser’sbankaccount.
checkclause(n)~Codethatenforcesconstraintsonatableorcolumn.
CHECKconstraint(n)~Aconstraintthatallowsforbusinessrulesthatspanmultiple
tables.Forexample,theOrdertablecouldhaveaCHECKconstraintthatwouldprevent
ordersforacustomerfromexceedingacreditlimitdefinedforthecustomerinthe
Customertable.
checkdate(n)~Thedateonthecheck.
checkdigitcalculatorengine(n)~Anenginethatcalculatesapportionmentbasedon
checkdigits.
CheckIfResolved(PN)~ABooleanfieldfortheConvertRuleentitythatshowswhether
anitemrelatedtoaresolvedcaseneedstobeconvertedtoacase.
checkin(v)~Toplaceafileorprojectbackinasourcerepository.Thisreleasesthelock
foreditingandenablesotheruserstoviewtheupdatedfileorcheckoutthefile.
checkin(v)~Toindicatethatauserisinacertainplaceorlocation.Userscheckin’toa
physicalplacetosharetheirlocationwiththeirfriends.’
checkin(v)~Tosavethechangesinarunbooktothedatabase.
checkletter(n)~Apaymentletterthataccompaniesacheckandwhichliststhe
documentsthatarepaidbythecheck.UsedforFrenchcheckformat.
checklist(n)~Asetofstandardsthatadeliverableortaskshouldmeetoralistof
possibleerrors.
checkmark(n)~Asmallxorothersignthatappearsinthecheckboxiftheoption
representedbytheboxisselected.
CheckNames(v)~AbuttononthemessagetoolbarthatcomparesthenamesintheTo,
Cc,andBccboxesagainstthenamesintheAddressBookandagainstthosecontact
foldersthatyou’vespecifiedasOutlookAddressBooks.
checknumber(n)~Auniqueidentificationnumberthatisassignedtoacheck.
checkout(v)~Toretrieveawritablecopyofafileorprojectfromasourcerepository.
Thislocksthefileforeditingtopreventothersfromoverwritingoreditingitinadvertently.
checkout(v)~TofinalizeapurchaseonaWebsite.Forexample,whencustomersshop
onyourWebsite,theymayselectseveralitemsandsavethemintheirshoppingbasket.
Whentheyhavefinishedshopping,theyclickonacheckoutlinkorgraphicalbuttonthat
takesthemtoanonlineformwheretheyentertheirname,billingaddress,paymenttype,
andshippinginformation.
checkout(v)~Toalloweditstoarunbook.
checkregister(n)~Alistofalltransactionsforaspecificcheckbook.
checkedbuild(n)~Aversionoftheoperatingsystemthathasbeencompiledwithdebug
symbolsandbuiltwithspecialsupportfordebuggingcomponentsthatareunder
development.
checkerboardtest(n)~Amemorytestemployedtodetectcatastrophicfailuresand
wiringproblemswithinthememorychipandonthedatabusbywritinganalternating
patternof0’sand1’stothememorychip.
check-in(v)~Inasourcecontrolsystem,theactionofputtingthemodifiedsourcebackto
thesourcerepository.
check-innote(n)~Acommentassociatedwithachangesetthatisaddedduringthecheckinprocessbypromptingtheuserforspecificdata.
check-inpolicy(n)~Apolicythatprovidestheabilitytovalidatecompliancewith
organizationalrulesforateamproject.
check-intest(n)~Atestrunbyadevelopertodeterminewhetherhiscodehasaffected
thegeneralstabilityoftheproduct.
checklist(n)~Asetofstandardsthatadeliverableortaskshouldmeetoralistofpossible
errors.
checkmate(n)~Inchess,amovethatwinsthegamewherebytheopponent’skingcannot
escape.
checkout(n)~Theprocessoffinalizingapurchaseonawebsite.Forexample,when
customersshoponyourwebsite,theymayselectseveralitemsandsavethemintheir
shoppingbasket.Whentheyhavefinishedshopping,theyclickonacheckoutlinkor
graphicalbuttonthattakesthemtoanonlineformwheretheyentertheirname,billing
address,paymenttype,andshippinginformation.
Checkout(PN)~Thebuttonthatallowscustomerstofinalizetheirpurchaseonawebsite.
check-out(v)~Inasourcecontrolsystem,theactionofcopyingthesourcefilefromthe
repositorytoone’sownmachine(drive),possiblyforediting.
checkoutfolder(n)~FolderthatVisualSourceSafeExplorerreportsintheCheckOut
Foldercolumnofthefilepane.Thisfolderisnottheuser’sactualworkingfolder,whichis
displayedundertheToolbar.
checkpoint(n)~Inaserverclusternode`sregistry,asnapshotoftheClustersubkeyorof
anapplicationsubkey.Thecheckpointiswrittentothequorumdiskwhencertainevents
takeplace,suchasanodefailure.
checkpoint(n)~Acommonpointofentryforspywareguardedbyanagent.Examplesof
checkpointsincludeStartupFolder,dialupconnections,Wi-Ficonnections,InternetSafe
Sites,WinsockLayeredServiceProviders,WindowsMessengerService,andSPAM
Zombieprevention.
checkpoint(n)~Apoint-in-timesnapshotofavirtualmachinethatenablesan
administratortorollthevirtualmachinebacktoitsstateatthemomentwhenthe
checkpointwascreated.
checkpoint(n)~AneventinwhichtheDatabaseEnginewritesdirtybufferpagestodisk.
Eachcheckpointwritestodiskallthepagesthatweredirtyatthelastcheckpointandstill
havenotbeenwrittentodisk.
checksum(n)~Acalculatedvaluethatisusedtotestdataforthepresenceoferrorsthat
canoccurwhendataistransmittedorwhenitiswrittentodisk.Thechecksumis
calculatedforagivenchunkofdatabysequentiallycombiningallthebytesofdatawitha
seriesofarithmeticorlogicaloperations.Afterthedataistransmittedorstored,anew
checksumiscalculatedinthesamewayusingthe(possiblyfaulty)transmittedorstored
data.Ifthetwochecksumsdonotmatch,anerrorhasoccurred,andthedatashouldbe
transmittedorstoredagain.Checksumscannotdetectallerrors,andtheycannotbeusedto
correcterroneousdata.
cheque(n)~Awrittenorderonabanktopayasumofmoneyfromfundsinanaccount.
Checksshowthenameofthecompanyorindividualreceivingpayment,thesignatureand
accountnumberofthepersonissuingthecheck,thepaymentamountandthecurrentdate.
Checksusuallyarenumberedinsequence.
ChessTitans(n)~A3-DchessgamethatispartofWindowsVistaoperatingsystem.
chevron(n)~Thedoubleanglebracketdenotinganoverflowbuttoncontrol.
ChevronList(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogressionthrough
severalprocessesthatmakeupanoverallworkflow.Alsoworksforillustrating
contrastingprocesses.TheLevel1textcorrespondstothefirstarrowshapeontheleft,
whiletheLevel2textcorrespondstohorizontalsub-stepsforeachshapethatcontains
Level1text.
CHF(n)~TheofficialcurrencyofSwitzerland.
child(n)~Inatreestructure,therelationshipofanodetoitsimmediatepredecessor.
child(n)~Inatreestructure,anelementthatiscontainedbyaparentelement.A
subordinateelement.
child(n)~Anaccountholderwhoisafamilymember,butnotaparent,andwhohas
limiteduseoftheInternet.Childrencanviewtheirownsettings,buttheycan’tchange
them.
childaccount(n)~Anaccountoptimizedforchildrenthatparentscancontroland
customize.
childappcontainer(n)~Anappcontainerthatplacesadditionalrestrictionsonwhatan
appcandobasedonitsparentappcontainer.
childbreakpoint(n)~Abreakpointcreatedbythedebuggerbasedonabreakpointsetby
auser.
childbusinessunit(n)~Abusinessunitthatisimmediatelyunderanotherbusinessunit
inthebusinesshierarchyofanorganization.
childcategory(n)~Anentityusedincatalogstogroupasetofproductstogetherina
hierarchy.Achildcategoryisasubordinateofaparentcategory.Forexample,Musicisa
parentcategory,andRock,Country,andClassicalarechildcategories.Youcreateparent
andchildcategoriestoorganizetheproductsdisplayedonyoursite.
childdomain(n)~ADNSdomainlocateddirectlybeneathanotherdomainname(the
parentdomain)inthenamespacetree.Forexample,example.microsoft.com’wouldbea
subdomainofthedomain‘microsoft.com’.’
childelement(n)~Inatreestructure,anelementthatiscontainedbyaparentelement.A
subordinateelement.
childhostgroup(n)~Ahostgroupcontainedwithinanotherhostgroup,whichcan
inherithostreservesettingsandvirtualmachinepermissionsfromitsparenthostgroup.
Allhostgroupsarechildhostgroupsoftheroothostgroup,whichisnamedAllHostsby
default.
childmenu(n)~Atypeofdrop-downmenuthatappearswhenauserpointstoa
commandonahigher-levelmenu.
childmodelsite(n)~Amodelsitethatissubordinatetoarootmodelsiteandisusedto
organizedatainanapplication.
childnode(n)~Asubordinatenode.
childobject(n)~Anobjectthatresidesinanotherobject.Achildobjectimpliesrelation.
Forexample,afileisachildobjectthatresidesinafolder,whichistheparentobject.
childprocess(n)~Aprocessinitiatedbyanotherprocess(theparent).Thisinitiating
actionisfrequentlycalledafork.Theparentprocessoftensleeps(issuspended)untilthe
childprocessstopsexecuting.
childrecord(n)~Aworkitemthatissubordinatetoaparent.
childsite(n)~Asitethatisthesubordinateofanothersiteinahierarchy.Anysite,except
thecentralsite,isachildsiteofanothersite.Asitecanbebothachildsiteandaparent
site.
childtable(n)~Atablethatassumesachildrolewhenitparticipatesinanintegrity
relationshipwithanothertableandwhoseforeignkeyattributevaluesaremigratedfrom
thetableassumingtheparentroleintherelationship.
ChildTicket(n)~ATicketthatislinkedtoarelated(Parent)Ticket.ChildTicketsare
associatedtoaParentTicketthatdealswiththeissue(s)thatcausetheissuesoftheChild
Tickets.MultipleChildTicketscanhavethesameParentTicket,butaChildTicketcannot
havemultipleParentTickets.
childwindow(n)~AdocumentwindowusedwithinanMDIwindow.
childwindow(n)~Awindowthathasaparent.IthastheWS_CHILDstyleandis
confinedtotheclientareaofitsparentwindow.
childworkflow(n)~Aworkflowinstancethatisgeneratedbyaparentworkflowinstance.
child-friendlysite(n)~Awebsitewhosecontentisunderstandableandusablebykidsand
thatisappropriateforthem.Thelanguageistypicallyaimedatagrade-schoolreading
level,andtheconceptspresentedareaccessibletoyoungerminds.
child-friendlywebsite(n)~Awebsitewhosecontentisunderstandableandusablebykids
andthatisappropriateforthem.Thelanguageistypicallyaimedatagrade-schoolreading
level,andtheconceptspresentedareaccessibletoyoungerminds.
chimney(n)~Acollectionofoffloadedprotocolstateobjectsandthesemanticsassociated
withthem.
ChineseConversionadd-in(PN)~ACOMadd-inthatenablesconversionbetween
Chinese(Traditional)andChinese(Simplified).
chip(n)~Adeviceconsistingofanumberofconnectedcircuitelements,suchas
transistorsandresistors,fabricatedonasmallrectangle(adie’)cutfromasilicon(or
Chip~Asiliconwaferwithmillionsoftinycircuitsengravedonit-whatcomputersare
madeof..
chip~aminiaturizedelectroniccircuitthathasbeenmanufacturedinthesurfaceofathin
substrateofsemiconductormaterial
chipset(n)~Acollectionofchipsdesignedtofunctionasaunitintheperformanceof
somecommontask.Thetermismostcommonlyusedtorefertothesetofintegrated
circuits,suchastheprogrammableinterruptcontroller,thatsupportaCPUtogetherwith
theCPUitself.Oftenachipsetwillfitononechip.
chip-on-board(n)~Amanufacturingtechnologythatmountsanintegratedcircuitdie
directlytoacircuitboard.Thedieiselectricallyconnectedtothecircuitboardusingwire
bonding,andisthencoveredwithaprotectiveepoxycover.
chitchat(n)~?Acategoryofresponsestoconversationalorfunquestions.
ChocolateBatterButton(n)~AbuttonontheComfyCakesgameinterfacethatallows
theplayertoselectchocolatebatterfortheircake.
ChocolateIcingButton(n)~AbuttonontheComfyCakesgameinterfacethatallowsthe
playertoselectachocolateicingfortheircake.
choicegroup(n)~Acontrolthatisusedtopresentasetofmutuallyexclusivechoices.By
default,achoicegroupcontainstwochoicesections,oneofwhichappearstotheuseras
thedefaultchoiceintheform.
choicepoint(n)~Thepointatwhichtransitionssplitintomultiple,mutuallyexclusive
branches,eachterminatingatadifferentdestinationstate.Oneofthebranchesmustbea
defaultbranch.
choke(n)~Asmalloverlapthatdecreasestheknockoutoftheloweroftwodifferently
colored,abuttingobjects.
cholesterolprofile(n)~Apatternoflipidsintheblood.Itusuallyincludesthelevelsof
totalcholesterol,high-densitylipoprotein(HDL)cholesterol,triglycerides,andthe
calculatedlow-densitylipoprotein(LDL)‘cholesterol.
choose(v)~Topickacommandoranoptionfromwithinagraphicaluserinterface,asby
clickingabuttoninadialogboxorpullingdownamenuandthenreleasingthemouse
buttonononeofitsoptions.
Chooser(n)~TheMacintoshdeskaccessorywithwhichusersselectthenetworkserver
andprinterstheywanttouse.
chord(n)~Topressmorethanonemouseorkeyboardbuttonatthesametime.
Chorus(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#97.
Christiangangstarap(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenre
classificationinWindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatfor
MP3audiofiles.WinampgenreID#136.
ChristianRap(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#61.
ChristianReligiousHolidays(PN)~ThelistiteminOutlookthatallowsuserstoadd
standardChristianholidaystotheircalendar.
ChristianRock(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#141.
chrome(n)~ThecommonuserinterfaceelementsrenderedaroundeachWebPartspart
controlwithinagivenzone.Thechromeforapartcontrolincludesaborder,atitlebar,
andtheicons,titletext,andverbsmenuthatappearwithinthetitlebar.Theappearanceof
thechromeissetatthezonelevelandappliestoallpartcontrolsinazone.Therendering
ofchromeandofindividualSystem.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPartcontrolsis
handledbytheSystem.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPartChromeclass.
Chrome~Apopularinternet-browser,freefromtheGoogleCorporation.
Chrome~apowerfulGooglebrowserthatloadsWebpagesquicklyand
accurately.www.google.com/chrome
chromecontrol(n)~AnHTMLandJavaScriptbasedcontrolthatrendersthetopchrome,
whichisavailabletouseinappsforSharePoint.
chroniccondition(n)~Adiseasethatispersistentinitseffects.
chronicle(n)~Atablethatstoresstateinformationforasingleapplication.Anexampleis
aneventchronicle,whichcanstoreeventdataforusewithscheduledsubscriptions.
cHTML(n)~Amarkuplanguageusedonsomecellphones.cHTMLisasubsetofHTML
withadditionaltagstoenhancemobilefunctionality.
chunk(n)~Aspecifiedamountofdata.
chunk(n)~Aconcretesequenceofmediasamplesofatrackthatcorrespondtoa
particularintervalinanIISSmoothStreamingpresentation.
chunkcontainer(n)~Acontainerinwhichchunksofdataarestoredandwhichisthen
compressedforfurtherspaceoptimizationduringdeduplication.
chunkstorecontainer(n)~Acontainerinwhichchunksofdataarestoredandwhichis
thencompressedforfurtherspaceoptimizationduringdeduplication.
chunkedfile(n)~Theprocessofoutputtingastreamasanumberofdiscretefilechunks
ratherthanasinglecontiguousfile.-
CIDR(n)~AnIPaddressandroutingmanagementmethodthatallocatesIPaddressesina
waythatreducesthenumberofroutesstoredonanyindividualrouter,whilealso
increasingthenumberofavailableIPaddresses.CIDRreplacesclass-basedIPaddress
allocation.
CIF(n)~Avideoformatthathas352pixelsby288linesand30fps.
CIL(n)~Alanguageusedastheoutputofanumberofcompilersandastheinputtoa
just-in-time(JIT)compiler.ThecommonlanguageruntimeincludesaJITcompilerfor
convertingthelanguagetonativecode.
CIM(n)~Themodelthatdescribeshowtorepresentreal-worldmanagedobjects.CIM
usesanobject-orientedparadigm,wheremanagedobjectsaremodeledusingtheconcepts
ofclassesandinstances.TheCIMisdividedintothemetamodelandthestandardschema.
Themetamodeldescribeswhattypesofentitiesmakeuptheschema.Italsodefineshow
theseentitiescanbecombinedintoobjectsthatrepresentreal-worlddevices.
CIMObjectManager(PN)~AcomponentintheWindowsManagementInstrumentation
(WMI)infrastructurethathandlestheinteractionbetweenmanagementapplicationsand
providers.TheCIMObjectManagersupportsservicessuchaseventnotification,remote
access,andqueryprocessing.TheCIMObjectManageralsograntsaccesstotheWMI
repository.
CIMObjectManagerrepository(n)~Acentralstoragearea,managedbytheCIM
ObjectManager,wheredefinedobjects,suchasstaticclassdefinitionsandinstancesthat
areusedtoaccessandmanipulatesystemmanagementinformation,arestored.
CIMrepository(n)~Acentralstoragearea,managedbytheCIMObjectManager,where
definedobjects,suchasstaticclassdefinitionsandinstancesthatareusedtoaccessand
manipulatesystemmanagementinformation,arestored.
CIMschema(n)~Acollectionofclassdefinitionsusedtorepresentmanagedobjectsthat
occurineverymanagementenvironment.
cipher(n)~Theparticularalgorithmusedtotransformareadablemessage(called
plaintextorcleartext)intoanunreadable,scrambled,orhiddenmessage(called
ciphertext).
cipher~Acryptographic-algorithm-usedtoencryptdatathatisunreadableuntil
convertedintoplaindatawithapredefinedkey.
ciphermode(n)~Themethodusedtoencryptdata.Thestreamciphermodeencodesdata
onebitatatime.Theblockciphermodeencodesdataoneblockatatime.Althoughit
tendstoexecutemoreslowlythanstreamcipher,blockcipherismoresecure.
ciphertext(n)~Datathathasbeenencrypted.
Circular(adj)~Anodeplacementstylethatspecifiesthatthenodesarecircularinrelation
totheMOMManagementServer.
CircularBendingProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowalongornonlinearsequenceorstepsinatask,process,orworkflow.WorksbestwithLevel1textonly.
Maximizesbothhorizontalandverticaldisplayspaceforshapes.
circulardependency(n)~Thestatewhenitemsdependuponeachotherinsuchaway
thatthesetofalldependenciesformsacircle.
circularreference(n)~Asituationinwhichoneobjectrefersbacktoitself,eitherdirectly
orindirectly.
circulatingcard(n)~Areusablecardthatsignalsprocessandtransferactivitiesas
it-circulates-betweenthematerial’spointoforiginand-pointofconsumption.
circulation(n)~AnitemthatiscommunicatedtoteammembersonaGroupWorkSite,
andthatsupportsconfirmationandtrackingofwhichteammembershaveviewedit.
CISC(n)~Theimplementationofcomplexinstructionsinamicroprocessordesignsothat
theycanbeinvokedattheassemblylanguagelevel.Theinstructionscanbevery
powerful,allowingforcomplicatedandflexiblewaysofcalculatingsuchelementsas
memoryaddresses.Allthiscomplexity,however,usuallyrequiresmanyclockcyclesto
executeeachinstruction.
citation(n)~Areferencetoaspecificlegalcase,statute,orotherlegaldocument.
Cityguides(PN)~TheTravelsubcategorycontainingappsprovidingcurrentinformation
aboutacity,includingsightseeing,museums,dining,etc.
CJKStrokes(n)~AsetofindividualstrokesintheUnicodeStandardusedtocompose
Chinese/Japanese/Korean(CJK)ideographs.
CLABE(PN)~Aseriesof18digitsusedtoidentifybankaccountsandtheirholdersin
Mexicoandusedtorouteelectronicfundstransfers.
claim(n)~Astatementthataservermakes(forexample,name,identity,key,group,
privilege,orcapability)aboutaclient.
claimmapping(n)~Theactofmapping,removingorfiltering,orpassingclaimsbetween
variousclaimsets.
claimsidentity(n)~Auniqueidentifierthatrepresentsaspecificuser,application,
computer,orotherentity,enablingittogainaccesstomultipleresources,suchas
applicationsandnetworkresources,withoutenteringcredentialsmultipletimes.Italso
enablesresourcestovalidaterequestsfromanentity.
claimsprovider(n)~Asoftwarecomponentorservicethatcanbeusedtoissueaclaim
duringsign-inoperationsandtodisplay,resolve,andprovidesearchcapabilitiesfor
claimsinacardselector.
claims-basedapplication(n)~AMicrosoftASP.NETapplicationthatperforms
authorizationbasedontheclaimsthatarepresentinanActiveDirectoryFederation
Services(ADFS)securitytoken.
claims-basedauthentication(n)~Theprocessofauthenticatingauserbasedonasetof
claimsabouttheuser’sidentitycontainedinatrustedtoken.Thistokenisoftenissuedand
signedbyanentitythatisabletoauthenticatetheuserbyothermeans,andthatistrusted
bytheentitydoingtheclaims-basedauthentication.
claims-basedidentity(n)~Auniqueidentifierthatrepresentsaspecificuser,application,
computer,orotherentity,enablingittogainaccesstomultipleresources,suchas
applicationsandnetworkresources,withoutenteringcredentialsmultipletimes.Italso
enablesresourcestovalidaterequestsfromanentity.
class(n)~Anindividualtrainingsessiononasubject.
class(n)~Anameddescriptorforasetofobjectsthatsharethesameattributes,
operations,methods,relationships,andbehaviors.
class(n)~Acategoryofobjectsthatshareacommonsetofcharacteristics.
class(n)~Asetofobjectsthatshareacommondefinitionalproperty,thatsharecommon
operationsandbehavior,orboth.
ClassAIPaddress(n)~AunicastIPaddressthatrangesfrom1.0.0.1through
127.255.255.254.Thefirstoctetindicatesthenetwork,andthelastthreeoctetsindicate
thehostonthenetwork.Class-basedIPaddressinghasbeensupercededbyClassless
InterdomainRouting(CIDR).
ClassBIPaddress(n)~AunicastIPaddressthatrangesfrom128.0.0.1through
191.255.255.254.Thefirsttwooctetsindicatethenetwork,andthelasttwooctetsindicate
thehostonthenetwork.Class-basedIPaddressinghasbeensupercededbyClassless
InterdomainRouting(CIDR).
ClassCIPaddress(n)~AunicastIPaddressthatrangesfrom192.0.0.1to
223.255.255.254.Thefirstthreeoctetsindicatethenetwork,andthelastoctetindicates
thehostonthenetwork.NetworkLoadBalancingprovidesoptionalsessionsupportfor
ClassCIPaddresses(inadditiontosupportforsingleIPaddresses)toaccommodate
clientsthatmakeuseofmultipleproxyserversattheclientsite.Class-basedIPaddressing
hasbeensupercededbyClasslessInterdomainRouting(CIDR).
classcoupling(n)~Thedegreeofcouplingtouniqueclassesthroughparameters,local
variables,returntypes,methodcalls,genericortemplateinstantiations,baseclasses,
interfaceimplementations,fieldsdefinedonexternaltypes,andattributedecoration.
ClassDesigner(n)~Afully-functional,visualdesignenvironmentfortheCommon
LanguageRuntime.
ClassDetailsWindow(n)~AwindowinVisualStudioClassDesignerthatyoucanuse
toconfigurethemembersofatype.Bydefault,theClassDetailsWindowappears
automaticallywhenyouopenanewclassdiagram.
classdiagram(n)~Avisualandstaticrepresentationofclassesandtherelationships
betweenthem.
classdriver(n)~Anintermediatedriverthatprovidesasimpleinterfacebetweena
minidriverandtheoperatingsystem.
classfactory(n)~AnobjectthatimplementstheIClassFactoryinterface,whichenablesit
tocreateobjectsofaspecificclass.
ClassFinder(PN)~Atoolthatallowspartnersfindonlineandin-personeducational
opportunitiestocontinuetheirskilldevelopment.
classID(n)~Auniversallyuniqueidentifier(UUID)thatidentifiesaCOMcomponent.
EachCOMcomponenthasitsCLSIDintheWindowsregistrysothatitcanbeloadedby
otherapplications.
ClassIDextension(n)~AnextendedHTMLelementthatisusedtodescribetheclassof
aviewableordownloadabledocument.Itcanbemisusedtopassdangerousattachments;
EHSallowsuserstoblockthistag.
classidentifier(n)~Auniversallyuniqueidentifier(UUID)thatidentifiesaCOM
component.EachCOMcomponenthasitsCLSIDintheWindowsregistrysothatitcan
beloadedbyotherapplications.
classkey(n)~Thesubsetofdatamembersofaclasswhosevaluesuniquelyidentifyan
instanceoftheclass.
classkeymember(n)~Oneofthemembersofamulti-valuedclasskey.
classlibrary(n)~Alibraryofclasses,interfaces,andvaluetypesthatareincludedin
.NETFramework.Thislibraryprovidesaccesstosystemfunctionalityandisdesignedto
bethefoundationonwhich.NETFrameworkapplications,components,andcontrolsare
built.
classmaterials(n)~Contentandresourcesthataremadeavailableaspartofaclassand
thatcanbeassociatedwithindividuallessonsorassignments.
classmemberrelation(n)~Anassociationbetweenspecificdatamembersofthetwo
classesinaclassrelation.
classmeta-data(n)~Aconceptualmodelthatdescribestheattributesthatmustbe
specifiedtocreateaclassintheDataWarehouselogicalschema.
classmodule(n)~Amodulethatcancontainthedefinitionforanewobject.Each
instanceofaclasscreatesanewobject.Proceduresdefinedinthemodulebecome
propertiesandmethodsoftheobject.
classname(n)~Thenameusedtorefertoaclassmodule.Iftheclassmoduleisaformor
reportmodule,theclassnameisprefacedwiththetypeofmodule.Forexample,theclass
nameforamoduleassociatedwithaformcalledOrderFormwouldbeForm_OrderForm,
whileoneassociatedwithareportcalledOrderReportwouldbeReport_OrderReport.
classname(n)~ApredefinednameusedtorefertoanOLEobjectinVisualBasic.A
classnameconsistsofthenameoftheapplicationusedtocreatetheOLEobject,the
object’stype,and,optionally,theversionnumberoftheapplication.
classprovider(n)~ACOMserverthatsuppliesclassdefinitions.Classproviderscan
supportdataretrieval,modification,deletion,enumeration,andqueryprocessing.
classrelation(n)~Aconnectionbetweentwoclassesinaparent-childrelationship.The
relationdefinesthenumberofinstancesofeachclass.
ClassSchedule(PN)~Aviewinwhichyoucanorganizeclassmaterialsintoassignments
andlessons.
classselector(n)~Incascadingstylesheets,anameidentifyingauser-definedstyle.
Dependingonhowit’sdefined,aclassselectorcanbeusedwithasingletypeoftagor
withanyHTMLtaginsidetheBODYelement.
ClassView(n)~Awindowthatdisplaysthesymbolsdefined,referenced,orcalledinthe
applicationyouaredeveloping.
Classicmode(n)~Acompatibilitymodeformanagedcontent.Whenanapplicationpool
isconfiguredtouseclassicmode,IISprocessesrequestsformanagedresourcesbyusing
separateIISandASP.NETrequest-processingpipelines.
classicmode(n)~AvieworappearanceofaformthatwasusedinCRM2011andearlier
versions.
ClassicRock(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#1.
classicversion(n)~Theversionthatusescheckboxesanddoesnotincludeareading
pane.Itisrecommnededforuserswithaslowinternetconnection.
Classicview(n)~AdisplayoptionoftheWindowsControlPanelthatmakesitlookand
worklikeitdidinpreviousversions.
classicview(n)~ASharePointviewthatrendersinHTMLformat,orasimilarmarkup
languagesuchasCHTMLorWML,andprovidesbackwardcompatibilityformobile
browsersthatcannotsupportthecontemporaryview.
ClassicWindowsapplication(n)~?Anapplicationthatisbuiltusingthetraditional
Win32appmodel,typicallymakesuseoftheCOMor.NETruntime,andrunsonlyonthe
desktopofWindows.
ClassicWindowsPlatform(PN)~?ThetraditionalWindowsplatformthatincludes
Win32,.NET,andCOM.
ClassicWorkspace(PN)~Anenhancedversionoftheoriginalpeer-to-peerworkspacein
Groove.ItoffersusersamorefamiliaralternativetothenewerSharePointWorkspace.
Classical(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#32.
classics(PN)~Agamecategorythatdrawsinspirationfromclassicarcadeexperiences.
classification(n)~ThetypeofupdatesthatSCEdownloadsfromMicrosoftUpdate
duringsynchronization.
classification(n)~Theplacementofanincidentintoahierarchyofdescriptorsthat
indicatewhattheincidentisgenerallyabout.Forexample,anincidentcouldbeclassified
asbeingrelatedtosoftware,andthentoMicrosoft,andthentoWord2003.
classification(n)~Asystematicorganizationofclasses.
classificationmatrix(n)~Achartthatshowstheaccuracyofadataminingmodelor
otherstatisticalanalysisbyseparatelycountingcasesthatwerecorrectlyandincorrectly
classified.
classifier(n)~Asuperclassthatincludesclass,datatype,andinterfacesubclasses.
Becauseallclassifiersubclassessharethesamesyntax,theyareallrepresentedbythe
samerectanglemodelelement.
ClassifierRole(n)~Atypeofcollaborationrolethatisaslotforanobjectina
collaboration.Itisrepresentedbytheclassrectanglesymbolwithonlythename
compartmentshowing.
ClasslessInterdomainRouting(n)~AnIPaddressandroutingmanagementmethodthat
allocatesIPaddressesinawaythatreducesthenumberofroutesstoredonanyindividual
router,whilealsoincreasingthenumberofavailableIPaddresses.CIDRreplacesclassbasedIPaddressallocation.
class-likeinterface(n)~InaUMLStaticStructureorUMLComponentdiagram,oneof
twotypesofinterfacesthatcanbeconnectedtoclassorcomponentshapesandhasabox
shape.
clause(n)~InTransact-SQL,asubunitofanSQLstatement.Aclausebeginswitha
keyword.
cleaninstallation(n)~TheprocessofinstallingWindowsontoabare-metalsystemor
overwritinganexistingoperatingsysteminstallation.Cleaninstallationsdonotmigrate
datafrompreviousinstallations.
cleanshutdown(n)~Asystemshutdownthatoccurswithouterrors.
cleansystem(n)~AninstallationofWindowsthathasnotbeenmodifiedandhasnothad
anyadditionalsoftwareinstalledonit.
CleanUp(PN)~Anactionthatremovesredundantmessagesfromane-mailconversation
toreduceinformationoverloadandimprovereadability.
cleaningtape(n)~Atapeusedtocleanheadsonatapedrive.
clear(v)~Toturnasettingoffortoremoveavalue.
clear(v)~Tocollectthefundsforacheckandpaythemtothecheckholder.Whena
checkclears,themoneyhasbeenwithdrawnfromthebankaccountandpaidtothe
recipient.
clear(v)~WhenWindowsDiskProtectionisenabled,toeraseoremptythecachefileon
theharddiskwhenauserlogsofforthecomputerisrestarted.
ClearAnnotations(v)~AUIelementthatallowsapresentertoremoveallannotationsin
apresentationoronaspecificslide.
clearchannel~Achannelthatusesout-of-bandsignaling(asopposedtoin-band
signaling),sothechannel’sentirebitrateisavailable.
ClearGroup(v)~Anitemonthegroupcontextmenuinthecontactlistthatremovesall
membersoftheRecentContactsgroup.
clearkey(n)~Thekeythatisstoredunencryptedonthediskvolume.Thiskeyisusedto
freelyaccessthevolumemasterkey,andinturn,thefullvolumeencryptionkeywhen
BitLockerDriveEncryptionprotectionisdisabledbutthediskvolumeremainsencrypted.
ClearNote(oth)~Anitemontheuser’sMyStatusmenuthatdeletestheuser’scurrent
statusnote.
ClearRecordings(v)~Anoptionthatremovesnarrationsandlaserpointergesturesor
timingsfromapresentationorfromaspecificslide.
clearregistrationattribute(n)~Anattributethatclearstheregistrationthatisassociated
withaparticularauthenticationworkflow.Forexample,inaQuestionandAnswer
Challenge,answersarestoredinILM-€œ2-€?intheformofregistrationdata.Whenthe
clearregistrationboxischeckedandaworkflowissaved,theregistrationdataisdeleted,
requiringuserstore-register.
ClearToSend(n)~Acontrolpacketthatadestinationstationsendstoindicateits
readinesstoreceivedata.Adestinationstationrespondstoarequesttosend(RTS)by
transmittingaCTS.
clearinghouse(n)~AnOfficeCommunicationsServerdeploymentthatisconfiguredto
relaytrafficbetweendifferentcustomerdomains.
cleartext(n)~Datainitsunencryptedordecryptedform.
clear-textpassword(n)~Apasswordthatisnotscrambled,thusmakingitmore
susceptibletonetworksniffers.
ClearType(PN)~Afontdisplaytechnologythatdramaticallyimprovesfontdisplay
resolutionsothatlettersonthecomputerscreenappearsmooth,notjagged.ClearType
dramaticallyimprovesthereadabilityoftextoncolorLCDmonitorswithadigital
interface,suchasthosefoundinlaptopsandhigh-qualityflat-paneldesktopdisplays.
ClearTypeTextTuner(PN)~Aprogramthathelpsmakethetextonyourscreeneasierto
readforlongperiodsoftime.
CLFS(PN)~Ageneral-purposeloggingservicethatcanbeusedbysoftwareclients
runninginuser-modeorkernel-mode.
CLI(n)~TheinterfacesupportedbyODBCforusebyanapplication.
CLI(n)~Aformofinterfacebetweentheoperatingsystemandtheuserinwhichtheuser
typescommands,usingaspecialcommandlanguage.Althoughsystemswithcommandlineinterfacesareusuallyconsideredmoredifficulttolearnandusethanthosewith
graphicalinterfaces,command-basedsystemsareusuallyprogrammable;thisgivesthem
flexibilityunavailableingraphics-basedsystemsthatdonothaveaprogramming
interface.
CLI(PN)~Aspecificationdescribinghowapplicationswritteninmultiplehigh-level
languagesmaybeexecutedindifferentsystemenvironmentswithouttheneedtorewrite
theapplicationstotakeintoconsiderationtheuniquecharacteristicsofthose
environments.
click(v)~Topressandreleaseamousebuttononcewithoutmovingthemouse.Clicking
isusuallyperformedtoselectordeselectanitemortoactivateaprogramorprogram
feature.
ClickandTypepointershape(n)~Avisualcuetoindicatewhichformattingwillbe
appliedwhenyoudouble-click:aleft-aligned,centered,orright-alignedtabstop;aleft
indent;orleftorrighttextwrapping.
clickdistance(n)~Thenumberoflinksbetweenacontentitemandanauthoritativepage
linkingtothecontentitem.
clickfrequency(n)~Thenumberofclicksdividedbythereachofclicks.
clicktocall(n)~Thefeaturewithwhichamobilephoneusercanplaceavoicecallby
clickingacontact’ssinglephonenumberorSessionInitiationProtocol(SIP)URI.
clickablemap(n)~AnimagethatcontainsmorethanonehyperlinkonaWebpage.
Clickingdifferentpartsoftheimagelinkstheusertootherresourcesonanotherpartofthe
WebpageoradifferentWebpageorinafile.
click-distance(n)~Thenumberoflinksbetweenacontentitemandanauthoritativepage
linkingtothecontentitem.
Clicker(PN)~APowerPointadd-inthatallowsyourmobiledevicetobeusedtonavigate
throughaPowerPointpresentationonyourcomputer.
ClickOnce(PN)~AMicrosoft-developedtechnologythatreducesthecomplexityof
multipleapplications’deployment,launching,andupdatingprocesses.
clicksconversion(n)~Thecompletionofanonlinetransactionbyavisitorwhowasnot
redirectedtothesitefromanadvertisement.ThevisitormayhavetypedtheURLdirectly,
orsearchedandclickedonaresult.
clickstreamanalysis(n)~Clickstreamdataareinformationthatusersgenerateasthey
movefrompagetopageandclickonitemswithinaWebsite,usuallystoredinlogfiles.
Websitedesignerscanuseclickstreamdatatoimproveusers’experienceswithasite.
clickthrough(n)~AtypeofadclickthatfollowsahyperlinktoanotherWebsite,ora
pageorframewithintheinitialWebsite.
clickthroughreport(n)~Areportthatdisplaysrelatedreportmodeldatawhenyouclick
datawithinarenderedReportBuilderreport.
Click-to-Run(n)~AstreamingtechnologythatquicklyinstallisOfficeovertheInternet,
internalnetworks,localfilesystems,orfromofflinemedia.
client(n)~Acomputer,deviceorprogramthatconnectstoorrequeststheservicesof
anothercomputer,deviceorprogram.
client(n)~Inobject-orientedprogramming,amemberofaclass(group)thatusesthe
servicesofanotherclasstowhichitisnotrelated.
client(n)~Aprocess,suchasaprogramortask,thatrequestsaserviceprovidedby
anotherprogram—forexample,awordprocessorthatcallsonasortroutinebuiltinto
anotherprogram.Theclientprocessusestherequestedservicewithouthavingtoknow’
anyworkingdetailsabouttheotherprogramortheserviceitself.’
client(n)~AcomputerrunningSMSclientcomponents.Aclientcanbefurther
categorizedaseitheraLegacyClientoranAdvancedClient.
client(n)~Aservice,application,ordevicethatwantstointegrateintotheMicrosoftSync
Frameworkarchitecture.
clientaccess(n)~Theabilityofclientcomputerstoconnecttoaserverorresource,for
example,afileonaserveroraclusterresource.
clientaccesspoint(n)~InSMS2003andearlierreleases,anSMSsitesystemthat
providesacommunicationpointbetweentheSMSsiteserverandLegacyClient
computers.LegacyClientsdelivertheircollectedfiles,inventoryinformation,discovery
datarecords,softwaremeteringdata,andstatusinformationtoCAPs.
ClientAccessRule(PN)~Logicalrulescomposedofpredicatesandactionsthatenable
administratorstoperformactions,suchasallow,block,orredirectclientaccesstrafficon
theExchangeServer.
ClientAccessserver(n)~Asetofcomponentsandservicesthatenableuserstoaccess
theirExchangemailboxesthroughtheOutlookWebAccessapplication.
ClientAccessserverredirection(n)~AprocessbywhichOutlookWebAccessusers
whoaccessanInternet-facingClientAccessserverthatisinadifferentActiveDirectory
sitethanthesitethatcontainstheirmailboxcanberedirectedtotheClientAccessserver
thatisinthesamesiteastheirMailboxserverifthatClientAccessserverisInternetfacing.
ClientAccessserverrole(n)~Asetofcomponentsandservicesthatenableusersto
accesstheirExchangemailboxesthroughtheapplicationOutlookWebAccessandthe
protocolsExchangeActiveSync,PostOfficeProtocolversion3(POP3),andInternet
MessageAccessProtocol4rev1(IMAP4).TheClientAccessserverrolealsoincludes
WebservicesthatareusedbyotherExchange2007serverroles.
clientaccountpartnerdiscoveryWebpage(n)~TheWebpagethatisusedtointeract
withausertodeterminewhichaccountpartnertheuserbelongstowhenActiveDirectory
FederationServices(ADFS)cannotautomaticallydeterminewhichoftheaccountpartners
shouldauthenticatetheuser.
clientagent(n)~SoftwarethatrunsonSMS/ConfigurationManagerclientsandperforms
client-sidefunctionsassociatedwithaspecificSMS/ConfigurationManagerfeature,such
assoftwaremetering.
clientapplication(n)~Applicationsoftwarethatgathersdatafromtheuser,preparesit
fortheserver,andissuesarequesttotheserver.Theclientpresentsdatareceivedfromthe
servertotheuserthroughitsownuserinterface.
clientapplicationservice(n)~InWindows-basedapplications,built-infunctionalityto
accessASP.NETapplicationservicesforcommonapplicationtasks,includingremote
login,roles,andapplicationsettings.
clientarea(n)~TheportionofaWindows-basedapplicationexcludingtoolbars,menus,
andstatusbars.
clientauthentication(n)~Amethodofauthenticationbywhichtheclientinaclientservercommunicationprovesitsidentitytotheserver.
clientauthenticationcertificate(n)~InADFS,acertificatethatfederationserver
proxiesusetoauthenticateaclienttotheFederationService.
clientbank(n)~Aprogramthatisusedtomakeelectronicpaymentstobanksandto
receiveinformationfrombanks.Thisinformationincludesacknowledgementsof
paymentsthatweremade,informationaboutincomingpayments,andbankaccount
balances.
clientcertificate(n)~Adigitalcertificatethatfunctionsinamannerthatissimilartoa
driver’slicenseorpassport.Clientcertificatescancontaindetailedidentification
informationabouttheuserandorganizationthatissuedthecertificate.
clientcodegeneration(n)~Theactionofgeneratingcodefortheclientprojectbasedon
operationsandentitiesexposedinthemiddletier.ARIAServiceslinkmustexistbetween
theclientandserverprojects.
clientcomputer(n)~Acomputer,deviceorprogramthatconnectstoorrequeststhe
servicesofanothercomputer,deviceorprogram.
clientcontext(n)~Theobjectthatisusedtoinitiateanyactionswiththeclient-sideobject
model.Itistheprimaryentrypointfortheclientobjectmodel,andtheprimaryobjectfor
coordinatingrequestsagainstcorrespondingobjectsinasitecollection.
clientcoordinate(n)~AcoordinatethatspecifiestheXorYscreenpositionrelativeto
theupper-leftcorneroftheapplication,whichisregardedastheorigin(0,0).Inright-toleft(RTL)applications,theupper-rightcorneristheorigin.
clientcursor(n)~Acursorthatisimplementedontheclient.Theentireresultsetisfirst
transferredtotheclient,andtheclientAPIsoftwareimplementsthecursorfunctionality
fromthiscachedresultset.
clientdatabase(n)~Arelationaldatabasethatiscreatedonaclientcomputerduringthe
installationofclientcomponents.
clientenrollment(n)~Theprocessofcreatingtheclientlicensorcertificate,which
enablestheuser’scomputerordevicetocreatepublishinglicensesthatwillbehonoredby
alicensingserver.
clientextension(n)~Acategoryofcustomizationsthatenableconfigurationofclient
extensioncontrols.
clientextensioncontrol(n)~AuserinterfacecontrolthatcanbeaddedtoMicrosoft
DynamicsCRMentityformsandwithintheapplicationtoolbarornavigationareaofan
entityform.ThesecontrolsareconfiguredinXMLwithinISV.Configandaredesignedto
allowtheinclusionoffunctionalityfromanotherwebapplicationwithinMicrosoft
DynamicsCRM.Therearethreetypesofclientextensioncontrols:MenuItems,Buttons,
EntityFormNavigationareas.
clientfailback(n)~TheprocessinwhichaDFSclient,afterbeingredirected(failedover)
toanon-optimalfoldertarget,revertstoapreferredfoldertargetwhenitcomesback
online.
clientfailover(n)~Theprocessinwhichanamespaceclientattemptstoaccess
subsequenttargetsinareferralifthefirsttargetis(orbecomes)unavailable.
ClientHyper-V(PN)~TheHyper-VtechnologythatrunsontheWindowsClient
operatingsystem,ratherthanWindowsServer.
clientin-bandprovisioning(n)~Amechanismwherebytheserver(and/oradmin)can
configureaclientinaccordancewithinfrastructureandpolicyrequirements.
clientlayer(n)~Thelayerthatresidesclosesttoyourapplication,andthatyour
applicationusestocommunicatedirectlywithSQLAzure.Theclientlayercanresideonpremisesinyourdatacenter,oritcanbehostedinMicrosoftAzure.
Clientlogoffform(PN)~ThetitleoftheWebformusedtodeletetheclient’scached
cookiesfromtheservers.
clientlogoffWebpage(n)~WhenActiveDirectoryFederationServices(ADFS)
performsalogoffoperation,aWebpagethatisexecutedtoprovidevisualfeedbacktothe
userthatthelogoffhasoccurred.
clientlogonWebpage(n)~WhenAD-FScollectsclientcredentials,aWebpagethatis
executedtoperformtheuserinteraction.
Clientmanifest(n)~Afilewithan.ismcfilenameextensionthatdescribestheavailable
bitratestoSilverlightclients.ItusesXML-formatting.
clientobjectmodel(n)~AsetofAPIsforSharePointproducts.TheseAPIsarebasedon
theserverobjectmodel,andcanbecalledfromclientssuchasdesktopPCsandmobile
devices.
clientscript(n)~AscriptconsistingofstatementsthatappearontheHTMLpage.The
scriptisexecutedbythebrowsereitherwhenthedocumentisloaded,orinresponsetoan
eventsuchasabuttonclick.
clientsecret(n)~PartofthecodethatallowsOpenAuthorization(OAuth).Clientsecrets
arelinkedtoclientIDs.YoucanhavemultipleclientsecretslinkedtoasingleClientID.
clientsoftware(n)~Aprogramthatisrunonaclientcomputerratherthanonaserver
computer.
ClientStatisticspane(n)~Oneofthetabsthathoststheoutputoftheclientstatistics
information.
clientstatus(n)~AfeaturethatmonitorsthehealthandactivityoftheConfiguration
Managerclientandthatcantakeremedialactionifitisrequired.
clientsubscription(n)~Asubscriptiontoamergepublicationthatusesthepriorityvalue
ofthePublisherforconflictdetectionandresolution.
ClientSyncAgent(PN)~ThesynchronizationagentbetweentheSQLServerdatabase
andtheSQLAzurehubdatabase.
clienttier(n)~Inthethree-tierWebapplicationmodel,theapplicationorprocessthat
requestsservicesfromthemiddletier,whichtypicallyincludesaWebserverandbusiness
processes.
clienttype(n)~Informationthatdetermineshowacacheclientfunctionsandimpactsthe
performanceofyourapplication.Therearetwoclienttypes:asimpleclienttypeanda
routingclienttype.
clientversionfilter(n)~
clientversionpolicy(n)~Asetofclientversionrulesthatdefinestheactionstobetaken
whenuserstrytologonwithspecificclientsandclientversions.
ClientVirtualizationHandler(PN)~AClick-to-Runcomponentthatisinstalledona
user’sPCinordertoenablethetechnology.
client/serverarchitecture(n)~Amodelofcomputingwherebyclientapplications
runningonadesktoporpersonalcomputeraccessinformationonremoteserversorhost
computers.Theclientportionoftheapplicationistypicallyoptimizedforuserinteraction,
whereastheserverportionprovidescentralized,multiuserfunctionality.
client/servercomputing(n)~Amodelofcomputingwherebyclientapplicationsrunning
onadesktoporpersonalcomputeraccessinformationonremoteserversorhost
computers.Theclientportionoftheapplicationistypicallyoptimizedforuserinteraction,
whereastheserverportionprovidescentralized,multiuserfunctionality.
client-sideimagemap(n)~AnimagemapthatdirectlyencodesinaWebpagethe
destinationURLofeachhotspotinthatimagemap.Client-sideimagemapsdonot
requireprocessingfromaserverwhenasitevisitorfollowsthehyperlinksintheimage
map.
client-sidemonitoring(n)~Themonitoringperspectivethatreceiveseventsandstatistics
fromenduserbrowsersessions.
client-sideprogram(n)~Aprogramthatisrunonaclientcomputerratherthanona
servercomputer.
client-siderendering(n)~Technologythatenablesrenderingoperationstobehandledby
theclient.
client-sidesession(n)~TheWindowsPowerShellsessiononauser’slocalcomputer,
whichhasthebasicWindowsPowerShellcommandsavailabletoit.
ClinicalDocumentArchitecture(n)~Thestandardformatusedtodefinehowpatient
healthinformationistransferredbetweensystems
clip(v)~Tocutaphotograph,drawing,orotherillustrationfromaclipartcollection—
eitherinabookoronadisk.
clip(v)~Tocutofftheportionofadisplayedimagethatliesbeyondacertainboundary,
suchastheedgeofawindoworaboundingbox.
clip(n)~Asinglemediafile,includingart,sound,animation,ormovies.
clipart(n)~Ready-madeart,oftenappearingasabitmaporacombinationofdrawn
shapes.
clipcollection(n)~Ahierarchicalorganizationofmediaclips.Youcancreateyourown
clipcollections,importclipcollections,oradd,move,orcopyclipsfromonecollectionto
another.
clipcreation(n)~Theprocessofdetectingandsplittingvideocontentintoseparateclips.
ClipsarecreatedbyWindowsMovieMakerwhenthereisasignificantchangefromone
frametoanother.
ClipGallery(PN)~Afeaturethatcontainsacollectionofclipart.
clipboard(n)~Theareaofstorageforobjects,data,ortheirreferencesafterausercarries
outaCutorCopycommand.
Clipboard~AtemporarystorageareainWindows.Whenyoucut(Ctrl-X)orcopy(CtrlC)highlightedtext,documentsorwhateverinWindowstheyaresenttotheclipboard;
whenyoupaste(Ctrl-V)theyarecopiedfromtheclipboardtothecursorposition.Sending
somethingtotheclipboardautomaticallyoverwritesitspreviouscontents.
Clipboardclipping(n)~Apieceoftextorotherclippingthathasbeenaddedtothe
Clipboard.
clipboardformat(n)~Adataformatthatamemoryobjectisinstantiatedonthe
clipboard.
clipbook(n)~Clipboarddatathatisstoredseparatelyfromthesystemclipboard.
ClipBookServer(n)~AsystemservicethatsupportsClipBookViewer,whichallows
pagestobeseenbyremoteClipBooks.
clip-onmicrophone(n)~Amicrophonethatcanbeattachedbyaclip.
clippingmask(n)~Amaskthatisappliedtoanotherobject,hidingtheportionsofthe
maskedobjectwhichfalloutsideoftheclippingpath.
clippingpath(n)~Apaththatisappliedtoanotherobject,hidingtheportionsofthe
maskedobjectwhichfalloutsideoftheclippingpath.
CLMAudit(n)~ACertificateLifecycleManager(CLM)extendedpermissioninActive
DirectorythatallowsthegenerationanddisplayofCLMpolicytemplates,defining
managementpolicieswithinaprofiletemplate,andgeneratingCLMreports.
CLMcredentials(n)~Useraccountinformationthatcanbeusedtoauthenticateauserto
CertificateLifecycleManager(CLM).Thesecredentialscanbeintheformofdomain
credentialsorone-timepasswords.
CLMEnroll(n)~ACertificateLifecycleManager(CLM)extendedpermissioninActive
Directorythatallowstheusertospecifytheworkflowandthedatatobecollectedwhile
issuingcertificatesusingatemplate.Thisextendedpermissiononlyappliestoprofile
templates.
CLMEnrollmentAgent(n)~ACertificateLifecycleManager(CLM)extended
permissioninActiveDirectorythatallowsauserorgrouptoperformcertificaterequests
onbehalfofanotheruser.Theissuedcertificate’ssubjectwillcontainthetargetuser’s
name,ratherthantherequestor’sname.
CLMreports(n)~Auditinformationpertainingtocredentialmanagementactivities
withinCertificateLifecycleManager(CLM).
CLMRequestUnblockSmartCard(n)~ACertificateLifecycleManager(CLM)
extendedpermissioninActiveDirectorythatenablesasmartcard’sUserPersonal
IdentificationNumber(PIN)tobereset,allowingaccesstothekeymaterialonasmart
cardandforthatmaterialtobere-established.
cloak(v)~Protectaprojectfrombeingaffectedbycertaincommands,forexample,Check
Out,CheckIn,andUndoCheckOut.
clock(n)~Theelectroniccircuitinacomputerthatgeneratesasteadystreamoftiming
pulses—thedigitalsignalsthatsynchronizeeveryoperation.Thesystemclocksignalis
preciselysetbyaquartzcrystal,typicallyataspecificfrequencybetween1and50
megahertz.Theclockrateofacomputerisoneoftheprimedeterminantsofitsoverall
processingspeed,anditcangoashighastheothercomponentsofthecomputerallow.
clockrate(n)~Thespeedatwhichtheinternalclockinanelectronicdeviceoscillates.In
computers,eachtick(oscillation)oftheclockiscalledacycle,andtheclockrateis
measuredinmegahertz,ormillionsofcyclespersecond.Theclockratedetermineshow
quicklytheCPUcanexecutebasicinstructions,suchasaddingtwonumbers,anditis
usedtosynchronizetheactivitiesofvariouscomponentsinthesystem.
clocksetting(n)~Thetimetowhichaclockisset.
clockspeed(n)~Ameasureofprocessingpower,giveninmegahertz(MHz).
clockspeed(n)~Thespeedatwhichtheinternalclockinanelectronicdeviceoscillates.
Incomputers,eachtick(oscillation)oftheclockiscalledacycle,andtheclockrateis
measuredinmegahertz,ormillionsofcyclespersecond.Theclockratedetermineshow
quicklytheCPUcanexecutebasicinstructions,suchasaddingtwonumbers,anditis
usedtosynchronizetheactivitiesofvariouscomponentsinthesystem.
clocktick(n)~ThetimerequiredfortheCPUtoperformthesimplestinstruction,suchas
fetchingthecontentsofaregisterorperformingano-operationinstruction(NOP).
clockvector(n)~Acollectionofclockvectorelementsthatrepresentsupdatestoa
replica.Anychangethatoccursbetween0andthetickcountiscontainedinthevector.
clockvectorelement(n)~Apairofvalues,consistingofareplicakeyandatickcount,
thatrepresentsachangetoareplica.
clone(n)~Aduplicateofanyvectorpathorshape,butwhichcanhavedifferentfill,
stroke,oreffectformatting.
clone(v)~Tocopyorreplicatetheentirecontentsofaharddiskdrive,includingthe
operatingsystem,configurationsettings,andprograms,bycreatinganimageofthehard
diskdrive.
clonedconfiguration(n)~ThepracticeofdeployingnewEdgeTransportserversbased
ontheconfigurationinformationofapreviouslyconfiguredsourceserver.The
configurationinformationofthepreviouslyconfiguredsourceserveriscopiedand
exportedtoanXMLfile,whichisthenimportedtothetargetserver.
cloning(n)~Theprocessbywhichanewvirtualmachineiscreatedfromanexisting
virtualmachine.Thenewvirtualmachinehasthesameidentityasthesourcemachine.
close(v)~Toendanapplication’srelationshipwithanopenfilesothattheapplication
willnolongerbeabletoaccessthefilewithoutopeningitagain.
Close(v)~AnitemontheConnectmenuthatclosesthecurrentwindowwithoutsigning
theuseroutofCommunicator.
Close(PN)~ThetooltipfortheClosebutton.
close(v)~Tomakeunavailableforuse.
closebox(n)~IntheMacintoshgraphicaluserinterface,asmallboxintheleftcornerofa
window’stitlebar.Clickingontheboxclosesthewindow.
Closebutton(n)~InWindows-basedprograms,theboxthathasan×attheupper-right
cornerofthescreenthat,whenclicked,closesthewindow.
closedate(n)~Thedateonwhichanopportunityisclosed,eitherbecauseitresultedina
saleorwasunsuccessful.
closed(adj)~Thestateinaperiodinwhichanactivitycannotoccur,thestateofan
operationalprocess,orthestatusofasourcedocument.
closedauthenticatedmeeting(n)~Anauthenticated-users-onlymeetingthatisopenonly
tousersontheorganizer’sinvitelist.
closedcampussupervisionpolicy(n)~E-mailpolicysettingsthatapplyinboundand
outbounde-mailrestrictionssostudentscansende-mailtoorreceivee-mailfrom
addressesinsidetheorganizationonly.Administratorscansetuporganization-wide
exceptionssoe-mailcanbesenttoorfromspecificdomainsandpublicgroups.
Administratorscanalsoconfigureper-userexceptionssostudentscansende-mailtoand
receivee-mailfromspecificaddressesoutsidetheorganization.
closedcaption(n)~Descriptivetextthatrepresentstheaudiocontentofatelevisionor
videoprogramastextonthescreen.Captionsareusuallyvisibleonlyifdecodedor
activated.
closedcaptioning(n)~Aserviceorfeaturethatrenderstheaudiocontentofatelevision
orvideoprogramastextonthescreen.Thesecaptionsareusuallyvisibleonlyifdecoded
oractivated.
ClosedChevronProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogression,a
timeline,orsequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow,ortoemphasizemovementor
direction.Canbeusedtoemphasizeinformationinthestartingshape.Worksbestwith
Level1textonly.
closedcontentmodel(n)~XMLdocumentrulesthatstatethatanelementinanXML
documentcannotincludeanyinformationthatdoesnotfollowthereferencedschema.
closedfiscalperiod(n)~Thestateofafiscalperiodthatcannotbereopenedandthat
preventsitsuseasatimeperiodclassifierforaccountentries.
closedgenerictype(n)~Aconstructedgenerictypethathasnounspecifiedgenerictype
parameters,eitherofitsownorofanyenclosingtypesormethods.Closedgenerictypes
canbeinstantiated.
closedpath(n)~Avectorpaththatisclosed,meaningthatbeginningandendingpoints
arethesamepoint.
closedshape(n)~Ashapethatissurroundedbyacontinuousoutline,suchasarectangle
orcircle.
closedvisit(n)~Avisitcompletedbeforealogfilestopscollectingdata.
closing(n)~Anaccountingprocedurethattransfersthebalancesofthetemporaryowners’
equityaccountstothepermanentowners’equityaccount,whichleavesthetemporary
accountswithzerobalances.
closingchevron(n)~The-»character.
closingcurlyquotationmark(n)~The-€?character.
closingparenthesis(n)~The)character.
closingquotationmark(n)~The-€?character.
cloud(n)~TheworldwidecollectionofnetworksandgatewaysthatusetheTCP/IPsuite
ofprotocolstocommunicatewithoneanother.
cloud(n)~Apoolofresourceswhichexposesasetofcapacityandcapabilitieswithout
revealingtheactualphysicalbackingoftheresources.
cloud(n)~Thecollectionofhardwareandsoftwarethatenablesthefiveessential
characteristics(on-demandself-service,broadnetworkaccess,resourcepooling,rapid
elasticity,andmeasuredservice)ofcloudcomputing.Thecloudinfrastructurecanbe
viewedascontainingbothaphysicallayerandanabstractionlayer.Thephysicallayer
consistsofthehardwareresourcesthatarenecessarytosupportthecloudservicesbeing
provided,andtypicallyincludesserver,storageandnetworkcomponents.Theabstraction
layerconsistsofthesoftwaredeployedacrossthephysicallayer,whichmanifeststhe
essentialcloudcharacteristics.Conceptuallytheabstractionlayersitsabovethephysical
layer.
CloudAccelerateProgram(PN)~AcomponentoftheCloudPartnerprogramdesigned
forpartnersthatarealreadycommittedtoacloudbusiness.
CloudAppModel(PN)~Anapplication-hostingarchitecturethatreliesoncloud-based
services.Applicationlogicanddataaretypicallyhostedonadistributedsetofserviceson
theInternet,connectedthroughwebAPIs,andauthenticatedwithserver-to-server
authenticationtechnologiessuchasOAuth.
CloudBusinessApp(n)~Cloud-basedbusinessapplicationforSharePoint2013or
SharePointonOffice365,whichisoptimizedforaddingandmanagingdata.
cloudcollection(n)~Adescriptionformusicorvideosstoredinthecloudthatusersmay
accessfromtheirphone.UsedforXboxMusicandanyotherpotentialcloud-basedmedia
services.
cloudcomputing(n)~Atypeofcomputingthatusesgroupsofserversandscalable
resources,generallyaplatformasaserviceandsoftwareasaservice,overtheInternet.
cloudcomputing~Cloudcomputingisageneraltermforanythingthatinvolves
deliveringhostedservicesovertheInternet.Theseservicesarebroadlydividedintothree
categories:Infrastructure-as-a-Service(IaaS),Platform-as-a-Service(PaaS)andSoftwareas-a-Service(SaaS).
CloudDeploymentProgram(PN)~AcomponentoftheCloudPartnerprogramdesigned
tomeettheneedsofpartnersthataredeployingOffice365toenterprisecustomers.
CloudEssentialsPack(PN)~AtrainingpackageoftheCloudPartnerprogramdesigned
forpartnersstartingtobuildaMicrosoftOnlineServicesbusinesswhowanttotrythe
latestcloudsoftware,onlinetechnicalsupport,trainingandotherresourcesfrom
Microsoftatnocharge.
cloudlibrary(n)~Agroupingofread-onlylibrarysharesthatareassignedtoaprivate
cloudandalocationwhereself-serviceusersofaprivatecloudcanstorevirtualmachines
orservices.
CloudMigration(n)~Atypeofsubscriptionpurchasedbycustomerstargetedto
customersconsideringmigrationtothecloud.
CloudOS(PN)~Anoperatingsystemthatmanagesapplicationsandhardwareatthe
scopeandscaleofcloudcomputing.ThefoundationsoftheCloudOSareWindows
ServerandMicrosoftAzure,complementedbythefullbreadthoftechnologysolutions,
suchasSQLServer,SystemCenterandVisualStudio.Together,thesetechnologies
provideoneconsistentplatformforinfrastructure,appsanddatathatcanspantheclient’s
datacenter,serviceproviderdatacenters,andtheMicrosoftpubliccloud.
cloudresourcemapping(n)~AmappingcreatedbyanAppControlleradministrator
withallthecloudresources.
cloudsearchservice(n)~Aservicethatenablesaddingcontenttothesearchindexin
Office365.
cloudservice(n)~AninstanceoftheCloudServicesofferthatconsistsofpackaged
softwareprogrammingandconfigurationsettingsandishostedonvirtualmachinesbased
onwebandworkerroles.
CloudServices(PN)~ThePlatform-as-a-Service(PaaS)offerinMicrosoftAzurethat
allowscustomerstobuildpowerful,scalablewebapplicationswithouthavingtoworry
aboutmanagingtheunderlyingplatformissues.
CloudServicesLowPriority(n)~AservicetypeoftheCloudServices’servicesuitable
forworkloadswithlowpriority
CloudSolutionProvider(PN)~TheMicrosoftprogramthatallowsexternalpartnersto
sell,setup,andmanageOffice365accountsforsmallbusinesses,aswellassettheirown
terms.
Cloud,the~Remotestorageviatheinternet,orsometimesjusttheinternetingeneral.
Called‘thecloud’becauseyoudon’tknowwhereyourdataisphysicallylocated,it’sjust
outtheresomewhere.
cloud-based(adj)~Pertainingtooperationsthattakeplacewithinthecloud.
CLP(n)~TheofficialcurrencyoftheRepublicofChile.
CLR(n)~Theengineatthecoreofmanagedcodeexecution.Theruntimesupplies
managedcodewithservicessuchascross-languageintegration,codeaccesssecurity,
objectlifetimemanagement,anddebuggingandprofilingsupport.
CLRfunction(n)~AfunctioncreatedagainstaSQLServerassemblywhose
implementationisdefinedinanassemblycreatedinthe.NETFrameworkcommon
languageruntime(CLR).
CLRmetadata(n)~Informationthatdescribeseveryelementmanagedbythecommon
languageruntime:anassembly,loadablefile,type,method,andsoon.Thiscaninclude
informationrequiredfordebuggingandgarbagecollection,aswellassecurityattributes,
marshalingdata,extendedclassandmemberdefinitions,versionbinding,andother
informationrequiredbytheruntime.
CLRstoredprocedure(n)~AstoredprocedurecreatedagainstaSQLServerassembly
whoseimplementationisdefinedinanassemblycreatedinthe.NETFrameworkcommon
languageruntime(CLR).
CLRtrigger(n)~AtriggercreatedagainstaSQLServerassemblywhoseimplementation
isdefinedinanassemblycreatedinthe.NETFrameworkcommonlanguageruntime
(CLR).
CLRuser-definedtype(n)~Auser-defineddatatypecreatedagainstaSQLServer
assemblywhoseimplementationisdefinedinanassemblycreatedinthe.NETFramework
commonlanguageruntime(CLR).
CLS(n)~Asubsetoflanguagefeaturessupportedbythecommonlanguageruntime,
includingfeaturescommontoseveralobject-orientedprogramminglanguages.CLScompliantcomponentsandtoolsareguaranteedtointeroperatewithotherCLS-compliant
componentsandtools.
CLS-compliant(adj)~Pertainingtocodethatpubliclyexposesonlylanguagefeatures
thatareintheCommonLanguageSpecification.CLScompliancecanapplytoclasses,
interfaces,components,andtools.
CLSID(n)~Auniversallyuniqueidentifier(UUID)thatidentifiesaCOMcomponent.
EachCOMcomponenthasitsCLSIDintheWindowsregistrysothatitcanbeloadedby
otherapplications.
CLSIDtag(n)~AnextendedHTMLelementthatisusedtodescribetheclassofa
viewableordownloadabledocument.Itcanbemisusedtopassdangerousattachments;
EHSallowsuserstoblockthistag.
Club(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.Winamp
genreID#112.
Club-House(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#128.
cluster(n)~Thesmallestamountofdiskspacethatcanbeallocatedtoholdafile.
cluster(n)~Agroupofindependentcomputersthatworktogethertoprovideacommon
setofservicesandpresentasingle-systemimagetoclients.Theuseofaclusterenhances
theavailabilityoftheservicesandthescalabilityandmanageabilityoftheoperating
systemthatprovidestheservices.
cluster(n)~Agroupofwarehouse-relatedworkitemsofthesametype,basedonuserdefinedcriteria(suchaslocationandinventorynumber).
Cluster~Datastoredonadiskisspreadacrossanumberofclusters,smallphysicalareas
onthedisk.Howbigtheyaredependsonthewaythediskisformatted.
cluster~processofconnectingmultipleserverstogetherinordertoprovidegreater
overallsystemavailability,performance,andcapacityforyourserverplatforms.
clusteradapter(n)~Theadapterthat,whenusingmultiplenetworkadaptersineachhost
ofaNetworkLoadBalancingcluster,handlesthenetworktrafficforclusteroperations
(thetrafficforallhostsinthecluster).Thisadapterisprogrammedwiththehost’scluster
IPaddress.
clusterconfigurationstoragelocation(n)~Thesharedlocation(orsharedstorage
location)whereclusterconfigurationinformationispersisted.Itcanbeasharedfileora
database.
clustercontinuousreplication(n)~Areplicationthatcombinestheasynchronouslog
shippingandreplayfeaturesbuiltintoExchange2007withthefailoverandmanagement
featuresprovidedbyafailoverclusterthatiscreatedwiththeMicrosoftWindowsCluster
service.
clusterdiskresource(n)~Adiskonaclusterstoragedevice.
clusterlog(n)~AtracelogofClusterserviceeventsandactivitiesonanode.
clustermanifest(n)~Aschematizedxmldocumentthatdescribesthenodesforminga
WindowsFabriccluster.
clusternetwork(n)~Agroupofindependentcomputersthatworktogethertoprovidea
commonsetofservicesandpresentasingle-systemimagetoclients.Theuseofacluster
enhancestheavailabilityoftheservicesandthescalabilityandmanageabilityofthe
operatingsystemthatprovidestheservices.
clusternetworkaddress(n)~Thenetwork(mediaaccesscontrol)addressforthe
networkadapterthatistobeusedforhandlingclient-to-clustertrafficinaNetworkLoad
Balancingcluster.
clusternode(n)~Anindividualcomputerinaservercluster.
clusterordereddither(n)~Inphotography,amethodofdigitalhalftoningusedtocreate
theillusionofsmoothgradationbetweencolours.
clusterpackage(n)~Theclustermanifestand/orWindowsFabricMSIthatforman
atomicunitofdeploymentforaWindowsFabriccluster.
clusterport(n)~ATCP/IPportusedbythecachehoststomanagethecachecluster.The
portnumberusedfortheclusterportscanbedifferentoneachcachehost.Thesesettings
aremaintainedintheclusterconfigurationsettings.
clusterquorum(n)~Adiskwhichcontainsthedatabasewhichcontainsmetadataabout
thecluster’smembers.
clusterrepair(n)~Arepairoperationinwhichallmissingorcorruptfilesarereplaced,all
missingorcorruptregistrykeysarereplacedandallmissingorinvalidconfiguration
valuesaresettodefaultvalues.
clusterresource(n)~AinternalentitythatcanbeownedbyaWindowsServerFailover
Clustering(WSFC)node,broughtonlineandtakenoffline,movedbetweennodes,and
managedasaclusterobject.Aclusterresourcecanbeownedbyonlyasinglenodeatany
pointintime.
clusterresourcegroup(n)~Aninternalcollectionofclusterresourcesmanagedasa
singleclusterobjectintheWSFCcluster.
Clusterservice(n)~Theessentialsoftwarecomponentthatcontrolsallaspectsofserver
clusterorfailoverclusteroperationandmanagestheclusterconfigurationdatabase.
ClusterSharedVolume(PN)~Afeaturethatsimplifiestheconfigurationand
managementofHyper-Vvirtualmachinesinfailoverclusters.WithCSV,onafailover
clusterthatrunsHyper-V,multiplevirtualmachinescanusethesamediskyetfailover
independentlyofoneanother.CSVprovidesincreasedflexibilityforvolumesinclustered
storage-€”forexample,itallowsyoutokeepsystemfilesseparatefromdatatooptimize
diskperformance,evenifthesystemfilesandthedataarecontainedwithinvirtualhard
diskfiles.
clusterstorage(n)~Storagewhereoneormoreattacheddisksholddatausedeitherby
serverapplicationsrunningontheclusterorbyapplicationsformanagingthecluster.
Eachdiskontheclusterstorageisownedbyonlyonenodeofthecluster.Theownership
ofdisksmovesfromonenodetoanotherwhenthediskgroupfailsoverormovestothe
othernode.
Cluster.exe(n)~Acommand-lineutilitythatisusedasanalternativetoFailoverCluster
Managementtoadministerclustersfromthecommandprompt.Youcanalsocall
Cluster.exefromcommandscriptstoautomatemanyclusteradministrationtasks.
cluster-awareapplication(n)~Anapplicationthatcanrunonaclusternodeandthatcan
bemanagedasaclusterresource.Cluster-awareapplicationsusetheClusterAPIto
receivestatusandnotificationinformationfromtheservercluster.
Cluster-AwareUpdating(PN)~Afeaturethatautomatestheprocessofapplying
softwareupdatestothenodesinafailovercluster.WithCluster-AwareUpdating,aserver
administratorcanpreviewandapplyupdatestoacluster,createaprofilethatstandardizes
thewayupdatesareapplied,andviewreportsofpastupdatingruns.Cluster-Aware
Updatingincludesagraphicalinterface,WindowsPowerShellcmdlets,andfor
extensibility,acustomplug-inAPI.
clusteredbarchart(n)~Abarchartsubtypethatcomparesvaluesacrosscategories.
clusteredcolumnchart(n)~Acolumnchartsubtypethatcomparesvaluesacross
categories.Thecategoriesareorganizedhorizontally,andvaluesvertically,toemphasize
variationovertime.
clusteredindex(n)~AB-tree-basedindexinwhichthelogicalorderofthekeyvalues
determinesthephysicalorderofthecorrespondingrowsinatable.
clusteredinstance(n)~Agroupofresourcesinafailoverclusterthatarehandledasa
unitoffailover.Whentheresourcesfailover,theyfailovertogetherinapredefinedway
toanothernodeinthecluster.
clusteredmailboxserver(n)~AmailboxserverthatisinstalledinaWindowsfailover
cluster.Aclusteredmailboxserverisusedinbothclustercontinuousreplication(CCR)
andsinglecopycluster(SCC)configurations.Aclusteredmailboxserverwascalledan
ExchangeVirtualServerinpreviousversionsofExchangeServer.
clusteredrole(n)~Aroleconfiguredwithinacluster.
clusteredserver(n)~Aserverthatbelongstoaservercluster.
clustering(n)~Thegroupingofmultipleserversinawaythatallowsthemtoappeartobe
asingleunittoclientcomputersonanetwork.Clusteringisameansofincreasingnetwork
capacity,providinglivebackupincaseoneoftheserversfails,andimprovingdata
security.
clustering(n)~Adataminingtechniquethatanalyzesdatatogrouprecordstogether
accordingtotheirlocationwithinthemultidimensionalattributespace.
cluster-unawareapplication(n)~Anapplicationthatcanrunonaclusternodeandbe
managedasaclusterresourcebutthatdoesnotsupporttheClusterAPI.
CLUT(n)~Whenagraphiciscreatedoredited,theusermayspecifyaCLUTthat
correspondswiththeneedsofprint,Web,orotherdestinationmedia.InWebdesign,a
specificCLUTofbrowser-safecolorsisusedtobecertaingraphicsanddesignswill
displayconsistentlyacrossdifferentplatformsandwithdifferentbrowsers.
Clutter(PN)~TheOutlookemailfilterthatmoveslowprioritymessagesoutoftheInbox
totheClutterfolderbasedonindividualuserpreferences.
CMClient(n)~Asoftwareprogramrunningonaclientcomputertoassistsinclient-side,
smartcardmanagementactivitiessuchaschangingthepersonalidentificationnumber
(PIN)onasmartcard.
CMAK(n)~Atoolforcreating,editing,andmanagingConnectionManagerprofiles.The
ConnectionManagerisaclientdialer.
cmdlet(n)~Asmall,basiccommand,namedintheform‘verb-noun’andimplementedas
a.Netclassthatderivesfromabasecmdletclass.
CmdletLoggingViewer(PN)~AfeatureinExchangeAdminCenter(EAC)that
generatesadynamiclogofcommandsmadetoaserveratthatgivenpointoftime.
AdministratorscanviewthelogtochecktheUIbehavior,analyzeortroubleshoot
commands,orevenruncustomscriptsonaserver.
CMOS(n)~Asemiconductortechnologyinwhichpairsofmetal-oxidesemiconductor
field-effecttransistors(MOFSETs),oneN-typeandoneP-type,areintegratedonasingle
siliconchip.
CMOS~(ComplementaryMetalOxideSemiconductor;pr.‘see-moss’)Aspecialtypeof
memorywhichretainsitsdatawhenthePCisswitchedoff,usedtostoresettingsfor
thingslikewhattypeofharddiskyouhave,andhowmuchmemory.Thesettingsare
accessedviathe-BIOS.
CMRfile(PN)~Adatafileofproducts,theirdescriptionsandprices,andactioncodes
thatadd,update,ordeleteproductdatainavendorcatalog.
CMYK(n)~Acolormodelforcommercialprintingthatproducesawiderangeofcolors
bymixingvaryingpercentagesofcyan,magenta,yellow,andblackinks.
CMYK~(Cyan,Magenta,Yellow,Keystoneblack)-Thestandardfourcoloursusedby
mostprinters-almostanycolourcanbecreatedoutofthese.Seealso-RGB.
CN(n)~Anamingattributefromwhichanobject’sdistinguishednameisformed.For
mostobjectclasses,thenamingattributeistheCommon-Name.Forexample,auser
objectwithitsCNsettoJeffSmith’mighthaveadistinguishednameof‘CN=JeffSmith
CNAMErecord(n)~AtypeofresourcerecordintheDomainNameSystemthat
associatesacomputer’strue(canonical)namewithanyaliasnamesalsousedbythe
computer.SomedomainregistrarsuseCNAMErecordstoredirectorredelegatedomain
names.
CNG(n)~AreplacementoftheCryptoAPIthatenablessupportforSuiteBcryptographic
algorithmssuchasellipticcurvecryptography(ECC).
CNGprovider(n)~ThecryptographicserviceproviderthatisusedforCryptography
NextGeneration(CNG).
CNPJ(n)~A14-digitidentificationnumberissuedtoBraziliancompaniesbythe
BrazilianMinistryofRevenuefortaxpurposes.
CNY(n)~AnofficialcurrencyofthePeople’sRepublicofChina.
COA(n)~Alabelwithsophisticatedanti-counterfeitingfeaturesthathelpstheenduser
identifythatthecomputerusesavalidlylicensedcopyofMicrosoftWindows.The
productnameandauniqueproductkeyappearinthecenterofthelabel.TheOEMmust
physicallyattachtheCOAlabeltothecomputerchassis,anditshouldneverberemoved
fromthecomputer.
co-admin(n)~ApersonaddedfromwithintheDeveloperPortalbytheAccount
AdministratorortheServiceAdministratorwhocanlogintotheAzurePortalandmanage
accountsanddeterminessecuritysettings.
coalesce(v)~Touniteormergeintoone.
COALESCE(PN)~Afunctionthatreturnsthefirstnon-nullexpressionfromalistof
arguments.
coarse-grainedlock(n)~Alockthatappliestoalargeamountofcodeordata.
coatedpaper(n)~Paperthathasclayorothercoatingappliedtooneorbothsides.
co-authoring(n)~Aprocessbywhichmultipleauthorseditashareddocument
simultaneously,orcollaborateeffectivelyevenwhentheyarenotonlineatthesametime.
coaxialcable(n)~Around,flexible,two-conductorcableconsistingof-fromthecenter
outwards-acopperwire,alayerofprotectiveinsulation,abraidedmetalmeshsleeve,
andanoutershield,orjacketofPVCorfire-resistantmaterial.Theshieldpreventssignals
transmittedonthecenterwirefromaffectingnearbycomponentsandpreventsexternal
interferencefromaffectingthesignalcarriedonthecenterwire.Coaxialcableiswidely
usedinnetworks.Itisthesametypeofwiringasthatusedforcabletelevision.
COB(n)~Amanufacturingtechnologythatmountsanintegratedcircuitdiedirectlytoa
circuitboard.Thedieiselectricallyconnectedtothecircuitboardusingwirebonding,and
isthencoveredwithaprotectiveepoxycover.
Co-Branding(PN)~TheoptionintheCampaignTypeslistthatindicatesthatthe
marketingeffortorpromotionwillbesharedwithanothercompany.
co-branding(n)~Theprocessofcustomizingthelookandfeelofaproducttosupport
marketingorpromotionofanothercompany.
cockpit(n)~Atoolusedtoviewandmanagecertaintypesofcomputerjobs,suchasdata
upgradejobsduringanupgradetoanewversionoftheprogram.
coclass(n)~Akeywordthatisusedtodescribeaclass.
coclasswrapperclass(n)~Aflatteningofallofthemethodsofalloftheinterfaces
(includingeventinginterfaces)implementedbyagivenCOMobject.
COD(oth)~Apaymentpolicythatrequirespaymentinfullforproductupondelivery.
COD(n)~Amethodofpaymentbywhichacustomerpaysthefreightcarrierforgoods
whentheyaredelivered.Thefreightcarrierthenremitsthepaymenttotheshipper.
CODoutstanding(oth)~Undeliveredandunpaidcash-on-deliverytransaction.
CODA(PN)~Aformatforreportsfromtheelectronicbankingsystemthatisusedin
Belgium.
code(v)~Towriteprograminstructionsinaprogramminglanguage.
code(n)~Programinstructions.
Code(PN)~Afreecodeeditorandcross-platformdevelopmenttoolintheVisualStudio
familysupportingOSX,Linux,andWindows,redefinedandoptimizedforbuildingand
debuggingmodernwebandcloudapplications.
Code39(PN)~AbarcodesymbologystandardmaintainedbyAmericanNational
StandardsInstitute(ANSI).
codeaccesssecurity(n)~Amechanismprovidedbythecommonlanguageruntime
wherebymanagedcodeisgrantedpermissionsbysecuritypolicyandthesepermissions
areenforced,helpingtolimittheoperationsthatthecodewillbeallowedtoperform.
codeaccesssecurity(CAS)policy(n)~Asetofrulesthatdefinessecuritypermissions
foracollectionofassembliesbyassociatingattributesofthoseassemblies,suchas
locationandsignature,withasetofcodeaccesssecuritypermissions.
codeanalysis(n)~Theprocessofcheckingcodeforconformancetodesignguidelines.
Codeanalysisgoesbeyondcompilationtolookforcommoncodinganddesignerrors
determinedbyasetofguidelines.
codecommentWebreport(n)~Webpagesthatenableyoutobrowsethecodestructure
withinfilesinyourcurrentprojectorsolution,suchasobjectsandinterfacesdefinedina
project.
codecomplete(n)~Adevelopmentmilestonemarkingthepointatwhichallfeaturesfor
thereleaseareimplementedandfunctionalityhasbeenverifiedagainstthefunctional
specification.
codecoverage(n)~Atechnologythatincludesaddinginstructionstoanexisting
assemblyorartifactandthatenablesVisualStudiotomonitorthecodepathsthatare
touchedbyatest.
codecoverage(n)~Ametricusedtodescribethedegreetowhichthesourcecodeofa
programhasbeentested.Codecoverageisexpressedasapercentageoftheblocksofcode
testedoverthetotalblocksofcode.
CodeDefinitionwindow(n)~Aread-onlyeditorviewthatdisplaysthedefinitionofa
symbolinacodefilestoredin,orreferencedby,theactiveproject.
CodeDocumentObjectModel(PN)~Amechanismthatenablesdevelopersofprograms
thatemitsourcecodetogeneratesourcecodeinmultipleprogramminglanguagesatrun
time,basedonasinglemodelthatrepresentsthecodetorender.
codeelement(n)~Theminimumbitcombinationthatcanrepresentaunitofencodedtext
forprocessingorexchange.
codeexample(n)~Ablockofsamplecodeindocumentationthatisusedtodemonstratea
conceptorprocess.
CodeFirst(PN)~AsetoffeaturesintheEntityFrameworkthatenablesyoutodefinea
modelbyfirstcreatinganobjectmodelincode.
CodeFirstMigrations(PN)~AfeaturethatallowsadatabasecreatedbyCodeFirsttobe
incrementallychangedasadeveloper’sCodeFirstmodelevolves.
codefreeze(n)~Apointatwhichatechnicalprojectdocument(requirements
specification,functionalspecification,etc.)ordevelopedcomponentofthesolutioncannot
changewithoutsignificantjustificationandapprovalbykeyprojectstakeholders.
codegroup(n)~Alogicalgroupingofcodethathasaspecifiedconditionfor
membership.
codelibrary(n)~Inprogramming,acollectionofroutinesstoredinafile.Eachsetof
instructionsinalibraryhasaname,andeachperformsadifferenttask.
codelist(n)~Asetofabbreviation/explanationpairsthatareusedasadesign-timeaidto
providingsetsofXMLSchemaDefinitionlanguage(XSD)enumerationvalues.
codemask(n)~Theformatthatyoudefineforaworkbreakdownstructure[WBS]code
oracustomoutlinecode.Themaskspecifiesthesequenceandnumberoflettersor
numbersrequiredforeachlevelandthesymbolseparatingthelevels.
codemetric(n)~Asoftwaremeasurethatprovidesdevelopersbetterinsightintothecode
theyaredeveloping.Bytakingadvantageofcodemetrics,developerscanunderstand
whichtypesand/ormethodsshouldbereworkedormorethoroughlytested.Development
teamscanidentifypotentialrisks,understandthecurrentstateofaproject,andtrack
progressduringsoftwaredevelopment.
CodeMetricsPowertoolforVisualStudio2013(n)~CommandlineutilityforVisual
Studio2013,whichcalculatescodemetricsforyourmanagedcodeandsavesthemtoan
XMLfile.Thistoolenablesteamstocollectandreportcodemetricsaspartoftheirbuild
process.
codeofconduct(n)~Rulesthatexplainhowsomeoneshouldbehavewhileusinga
serviceorproduct.
CodeofConduct(PN)~Thelinktothecodeofconduct,whichcontainsrulesthat
explainhowsomeoneshouldbehavewhileusingaserviceorproduct.
codepackage(n)~Thecollectionofservicepackagesandtheconfigurationfilecombined
asanatomicunitofdeploymentforanapplication.
codepage(n)~Atablethatrelatesthecharactercodes(codepointvalues)usedbya
programtokeysonthekeyboardortocharactersonthedisplay.Thisprovidessupportfor
charactersetsandkeyboardlayoutsfordifferentcountriesorregions.
codepane(n)~InVisualBasicforApplications,thewindowthatisusedtodisplay,edit,
andwritemodule-levelandprocedurecode.
codepoint(n)~Theminimumbitcombinationthatcanrepresentaunitofencodedtext
forprocessingorexchange.
codepoint(n)~Anumericvaluethatcorrespondstoaparticularcharacterinaset.
codeprofiler(n)~Asoftwaretool,implementedasaDLL,whichiscalledbytheruntime
systemduringtheexecutionofanimage.
codereview(n)~Theprocessofassessingcodetoimproveitsqualityandthecapabilities
ofthedevelopmentteam.Typesofcodereviewincludeformalreview,peer-basedreview,
andthird-partyreview.
codesample(n)~Asetofprograminstructionsthatareprovidedasanexample,typically
forlearningandre-use.
codesigning(n)~Theprocessofaddingadigitalsignaturetoadditionsandupdatesmade
tosourcecodeandapplicationspublishedontheInternet.Codesigningisintendedto
providealevelofsecurityandtrusttoInternetsoftwaredistribution.
codesnippet(n)~Inagraphicaluserinterface,programminginstructionsembeddedina
menuoptionorbuttondefinedbytheuser.Thesnippet—consistingofoneormorelines
ofsourcecode—determineswhattheoptionorbuttondoeswhenchosenorclicked.
codesnippet(n)~Asmallpieceofprogrammingcodethatispartofalargerprogram.
Usuallythecodesnippetperformsaspecificfunctionortask.
codesnippet(n)~OneormorelinesofHTMLorothercodethatyoucansaveandreuse.
codestub(n)~AsegmentofVisualBasiccodethatdefinesthebeginningandendofa
procedure.
codevalue(n)~Anabbreviationusedtorepresenttextualinformationforpropertiessuch
ascountry/region,state/province,andorderstatus.
Codeview(n)~Awindowthatshowsthecodethatcomprisesawebpage.
code-behind(n)~ForASP.NETpagesandXAML-basedapplications,codethatis
containedwithinaseparatefile,allowingfortheseparationofmarkup(forexample,
markupcontainedinanHTMLorXAMLfile)frombehaviorthatisimplementedincode.
code-behindclass(n)~Aclassthatisaccessedbyan.aspxfile,butresidesinaseparate
file(suchasa.dllor.csfile).Forexample,youcanwriteacode-behindclassthatcreates
anASP.NETcustomservercontrol,containscodethatiscalledfroman.aspxfile,but
doesnotresidewithinthe.aspxfile.
code-behindfile(n)~Acodefilecontainingthepageclassthatimplementstheprogram
logicofaWebFormsorASP.NETmobileWebFormsapplication.
code-behindpage(n)~Acodefilecontainingthepageclassthatimplementstheprogram
logicofaWebFormsorASP.NETmobileWebFormsapplication.
codec(n)~Softwarethatisusedtocompressordecompressadigitalmediafile.
codec~(COmpressor/DECompressor)-Asmallpieceofcomputercodethattellsthe
computerhowtodecodeparticulartypesofinformation,usuallyvideofiles.Ifyourvideo
playerwon’tplayaparticularformat,youcanusuallydownloadandinstallacodecwhich
willtellithowfromtheinternet.
codedUItest(n)~Anautomatedtestoftheuserinterfaceofanapplication.AcodedUI
testexercisesuseractionsandvalidatestheexpectedresults.
codedWebtest(n)~Atypeoftestthatistypicallycreatedbyconvertinganexisting
recordedWebtestintoC#orVisualBasiccode.
CodeDOM(PN)~Amechanismthatenablesdevelopersofprogramsthatemitsource
codetogeneratesourcecodeinmultipleprogramminglanguagesatruntime,basedona
singlemodelthatrepresentsthecodetorender.
CodeLens(PN)~AfeatureofVisualStudio2013previouslyknownasCodeInformation
Indicatorstoshowinformationaboutthecodesuchasmethodreferences,testsassociated
withamethod,thelasttimealineofcodewaschangedorhowmanytimesthecodehas
beenchangeddirectlyinthecodeeditor.
coefficientofdetermination(n)~Anumberfrom0to1thatrevealshowcloselythe
estimatedvaluesforthetrendlinecorrespondtoyouractualdata.Atrendlineismost
reliablewhenitsR-squaredvalueisatornear1.
coercion(n)~Aprogrammer-specifieddataconversionfromonetypetoanother,suchasa
conversionfromintegertofloatingpoint.
COFF(n)~Aformatin32-bitprogrammingforexecutable(image)andobjectfilesthatis
portableacrossplatforms.TheMicrosoftimplementationiscalledportableexecutable
(PE)fileformat.
cofunctionalmodeset(n)~Thesetofmodesthatareavailableforaparticularsourceor
target,giventheconstraints(forexample,topology,modespinnedonothersourcesand
targets)ofaVidPN.
cofunctionalVidPNmodality(n)~Thecollectionofcofunctionalmodesetsforallthe
sourcesandtargetsinthetopologyofaVidPN.
COGS(n)~Anaccountingcategoryusedtosumthefinancialconsequencesof
manufacturingproductsandcarryinginventory.
Cold(adj)~AnoptionontheRatingsdrop-downlistontheGeneraltabthatindicatesthat
theinterestofaleadoropportunityisweak.
cold(adj)~Pertainingtothelowestratingofperceivedinterestthatanaccount,
opportunity,orleadhasinaproductorservice.
coldboot(n)~Astartupprocessthatbeginswithturningonthecomputer’spower.
Typically,acoldbootinvolvessomebasichardwarecheckingbythesystem,afterwhich
theoperatingsystemisloadedfromdiskintomemory.
coldlatency(n)~Thetimethatelapseswhentheworkflowisbeingusedforthefirsttime
andtheXOMLorXAMLneedstobecompiled.
coldlink(n)~Alinkestablisheduponarequestfordata.Oncetherequestisfilled,the
linkisbroken.Thenexttimedataisrequired,alinkfromtheclienttotheservermustbe
reestablished.Inaclient/serverarchitecture,coldlinksareusefulwhenthelinkeditem
consistsofalargeamountofdata.DynamicDataExchange(DDE),usedinapplications
suchasMicrosoftExcel,usescoldlinksfordataexchange.
coldstandby(n)~Aseconddatacenterthatcanprovideavailabilitywithinhoursordays.
coldstart(n)~Astartupprocessthatbeginswithturningonthecomputer’spower.
Typically,acoldbootinvolvessomebasichardwarecheckingbythesystem,afterwhich
theoperatingsystemisloadedfromdiskintomemory.
collaborate(v)~Toworkwithotherpeopletoupdateorinteractwithcontent.
CollaborateOn(PN)~TheframeworkthatautomaticallyprovisionsSharePointsitesthat
areassociatedwithbusinessdataentities.Thesitetemplateusedforaparticularbusiness
entitytypecanbeconfiguredontheBDCmodelusingbusinessdataactions.
collaboration(n)~Acollectionofmodelingelementsthatinteractwithinagivencontext
toperformanoperationorausecase.Theobjectsinacollaborationarerolesdescribing
typesofobjectsratherthanrepresentationsoftheobjectsthemselves.
Collaboration(PN)~TheBusinesssubcategorycontainingappstohelppeopleto
collaborateonworkviatheInternet.
CollaborationDataObjects(n)~Anapplicationprogramminginterface(API)that
allowsusersandapplicationshigh-levelaccesstodataobjectsinExchange.CDOdefines
theconceptofdifferentobjectclasses,includingmessages,posts,appointments,andtasks.
collaborationdiagram(n)~Aninteractiondiagramthatshows,foronesystemevent
describedbyoneusecase,howagroupofobjectscollaboratewithoneanother.
collaborationserviceprovider(n)~Acompanywhichprovidesonlinecollaboration
services(sharepointsites,messageboards,etc.)tobusinessesororganizations.
collaborativeslide(n)~Aslideonwhichallmeetingparticipantscanmakefreehand
notesanddrawings,typetext,conductpolls,showscreenshots,ordisplayWebpages.
collapse(v)~Toreducetheamountofinformationdisplayedbyhidingfromviewthe
subentrieswithinafolder,sectionorconversation,oraportionoftextorothercontent
withinacontrol.
collapsedbackbone(n)~Thewiresthatcarrymajorcommunicationstrafficwithina
network.Inalocalareanetwork,abackbonemaybeabus.
collation(n)~Asetofrulesthatdetermineshowdataiscompared,ordered,and
presented.
collationsequence(n)~Theorderingrelationship(sequence)amongobjectsthatistobe
establishedbyacollatingsort.
Colleagues(PN)~Aprivacyrelationshipsettingthatallowsamediumamountof
informationtobeviewed,typicallyforpeopleinyourcompanyandforpeopleoutside
yourcompanywhoworkwithyou.
CollectDataThroughE-mail(oth)~Afeaturethatallowsanend-usertocollectdatavia
E-mailusingAccess,Outlook,andInfoPath.
CollectOnDelivery(n)~Amethodofpaymentbywhichacustomerpaysthefreight
carrierforgoodswhentheyaredelivered.Thefreightcarrierthenremitsthepaymentto
theshipper.
collectedfile(n)~AnyfilethatiscopiedfromSMS/ConfigurationManagerclientsduring
softwareinventory.Afterthefilesarecollectedfromclients,theyarestoredonthesite
server.
collectibleassembly(n)~Atransientdynamicassemblythatyougenerateatruntimeby
usingtheclassesintheSystem.Reflection.Emitnamespace,subjecttocertainrestrictions.
Whenyouhavereleasedallreferencestoallinstancesofthetypesinthecollectible
assemblyandtoallobjectsthatwereusedtocreatetheassembly,thecommonlanguage
runtimeunloadstheassemblyfrommemorywithoutunloadingtheapplicationdomain.
Thisistheonlycircumstanceinwhichanassemblycanbeunloadedwithoutunloading
theapplicationdomain.
collection(n)~Anobjectthatcontainsasetofrelatedobjects.Anobject’spositioninthe
collectioncanchangewheneverachangeoccursinthecollection;therefore,theposition
ofanyspecificobjectinacollectionmayvary.
collection(n)~Acontainerfororganizingclips.
collection(n)~AsetofresourcesintheConfigurationManagerhierarchy.
collection(n)~Atypeofspecializedclassinthe.NETFrameworkfordatastorageand
retrieval.Theseclassesprovidesupportforstacks,queues,lists,andhashtables.Most
collectionclassesimplementthesameinterfaces,andtheseinterfacesmaybeinheritedto
createnewcollectionclassesthatfitmorespecializeddatastorageneeds.
collection(n)~Anexportformatthatmaintainsagroupofimagesthatisgeneratedat
export.
collection(n)~Acustomer’sassemblageofdigitalmedia,includingmusic,videos,
pictures,games,andapps.
collection(n)~Automaticgroupingofuser’sphotosandvideosbasedontimeandplace.
Collection(n)~Asetofthematicallyrelatedapps,games,musictracks,videos,orother
itemsavailableforpurchaseordownloadintheStore.Athematicgroupofeditorially
chosenappsandgamesformerchandisingormarketingpurposes.
collectioneditor(n)~Anesteddialogboxthatenablesyoutomodifypropertiesthatare
setonitemsinacollection.
CollectionEvaluator(PN)~Acomponentthat,afterreceivingafilechangenotification
fromSQLMonitor,assignsresourcestocollectionsaccordingtothemostrecentdata
abouttheresources.
collectionexpensesfee(n)~Afeethatischargedtoacustomerforthecollectionofabill
ofexchangeremittance.
collectioninitializer(n)~Asequenceofobjectinitializersthatareassignedtothe
collectionelementsinthesamestatementinwhichthecollectionisconstructed.
collectioninterface(n)~Theinterfaceofacollectionobject.
collectionitem(n)~Aninstanceofacollectortypethatiscreatedwithaspecificsetof
inputpropertiesandcollectionfrequency,andthatisusedtogatherspecifictypesofdata.
collectionitem(n)~Aniteminacollection.
collectionletter(n)~Correspondencesenttoadebtorrequestingpaymentforapastdue
account.
collectionletterfee(n)~Afeethatisattachedtoacollectionletterandchargedtothe
delinquentdebtor.
collectionlimiting(n)~Restrictingthescopeofaquery.Aquerythatiscollectionlimited
canreturnonlyresourcesthatareinaspecifiedcollection,evenifotherresourcesinthe
SMS/ConfigurationManagersitedatabasematchthequerycriteria.
collectionmode(n)~Thefrequencyatwhichdataiscollectedanduploadedtothe
managementdatawarehouse.
collectionprobe(n)~Afunctionthatcollectstimingandotherperformancedatainan
instrumentedmodule.
collectionset(n)~Agroupofcollectionitemswithwhichausercaninteractthroughthe
userinterface.
collection-limitedquery(n)~Aquerythatisscopedtoincludeonlyresourcesthatarein
aspecifiedcollection.
Collections(PN)~ThesectionoftheStorethatcontainsaselectionofproductspresented
tothecustomerinagroup.Theproductsmaybepurchasedindividually.
collectionsagent(n)~Apersonwhoworkswithcustomerstoensurethatpaymentsare
collectedinatimelymanner.
collectortype(n)~AlogicalwrapperaroundtheSQLServerIntegrationServices
packagesthatprovidetheactualmechanismforcollectingdataanduploadingittothe
managementdatawarehouse.
collocate(v)~Toselectapartitionedtablethatcontainsrelateddataandjoinwiththis
tableonthepartitioningcolumn.
collocation(n)~Aconditionwherebypartitionedtablesandindexesarepartitioned
accordingtoequivalentpartitionfunctions.
Coloraveragetool(n)~Toolthatisusedbydraggingtheeyedroppertoolacrossa
selectionofgraphicsorvarioussolidcolorsonawebpageandtherebydeterminingthe
averagecolorspectrum.
colorbalance(n)~Afeaturethatletstheuserchangetheoverallcolorandtonalvaluesof
animageorobjectthroughthreeparameters:sourcelighting,saturation,andcolor
balance.
colorboost(n)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertoselectacolorandincreaseordecrease
thevibrancyofthatcolorinanimage.
colorbox(n)~Asetofcolorchoiceslocatedinaworkpane.
colorburn(PN)~Ablendingmodewherethebackgroundcolorsaredarkenedbasedon
theforegroundcolors.Ablackforegroundcolorwillresultinblack,whileawhite
foregroundcolorwillhavenoeffect.
colorcast(n)~Apredominanceofacolorinapicturethatcausestherestofthecolorsto
lookinaccurate.
ColorCast(PN)~Afilterthatremovesthecolorcastfromaphoto.
colorcategory(n)~Akeywordorphrasewithanassociatedcolorthathelpsyoukeep
trackofitems,suchasmessages,contacts,andappointments.Youcanusecolorcategories
toeasilyfind,sort,filter,orgroupitems.
colorchannel(n)~Animageofthesamesizeasacolorimage(suchasapixel)ina
primarycolor(typicallyred,green,blue).
colorcontext(n)~Anabstractionforacolorprofile.
colordepth(n)~Thenumberofcolorvaluesthatcanbeassignedtoasinglepixelinan
image.Colordepthcanrangefrom1bit(blackandwhite)to32bits(over16.7million
colors).
colordodge(PN)~Ablendingmodeinwhichthecolorchannelsofthebackgroundcolor
arebrightenedbasedonthecolorchannelsintheforegroundcolor.Iftheforegroundcolor
isblack,thenithasnoeffect.Anythingbrighterthanblackdodges’or‘lightens’the
background.’
ColorDropper(PN)~Atoolthatletsyoucopythescreencolorfromoneobjectto
another.
coloreditor(n)~Aninterfacecontrolforsettingthecolorofabrushorthecolorofa
propertyonanobject(suchasBackground).
colorgamut(n)~Theparticularrangeofcolorsthatadeviceorcolormodelisableto
produce.
colorindex(n)~Anindexmodethatspecifiescolorsasindexesintoapaletteinsteadofas
levelsofred,green,andblue.
colorinterpolation(n)~Thespecificationofgradationsbetweenpairsofcolors.
colorkey(n)~Acolorusedfortransparentortranslucenteffects.Anoverlaysurfaceis
displayedintheregionoftheprimarysurfacethatcontainsthecolorkey.Invideo
production,colorkeysareusedtocombinetwovideosignals.
colorkeytransparency(n)~Amethodforblendingtexturemapssothatpartsappear
transparent.Colorkeytransparencyaccomplishesthisbydefiningasinglecoloras
transparent.
colorlevel(n)~Theintensityvalueofacolorinanimage.
colorlook-uptable(n)~Whenagraphiciscreatedoredited,theusermayspecifya
CLUTthatcorrespondswiththeneedsofprint,Web,orotherdestinationmedia.InWeb
design,aspecificCLUTofbrowser-safecolorsisusedtobecertaingraphicsanddesigns
willdisplayconsistentlyacrossdifferentplatformsandwithdifferentbrowsers.
colormap(n)~Whenagraphiciscreatedoredited,theusermayspecifyaCLUTthat
correspondswiththeneedsofprint,Web,orotherdestinationmedia.InWebdesign,a
specificCLUTofbrowser-safecolorsisusedtobecertaingraphicsanddesignswill
displayconsistentlyacrossdifferentplatformsandwithdifferentbrowsers.
colormenubutton(n)~Abuttonthatdropsdowntoexposeacolorpalettewhenauser
clicksit.
colormonitor(n)~Amonitordesignedtoworkwithavideocardoradaptertoproduce
textorgraphicsimagesincolor.
colorpalette(n)~Anarraythatcontainscolorvaluesidentifyingthecolorsthatcan
currentlybedisplayedordrawnontheoutputdevice.
colorpicker(n)~Aninterfacecontrolforsettingthecolorofabrushorthecolorofa
propertyonanobject(suchasBackground).
colorprinter(n)~Acomputerprinterthatcanprintfull-coloroutput.Mostcolorprinters
canalsoproduceblack-and-whiteoutput.
colorprofile(n)~Aprofilethatcontainsthedataneededfortranslatingthevaluesofa
colorgamut.Thisdataincludesinformationaboutcolor,hue,saturation,andbrightness.
colorramp(n)~Arangeofcolorsinwhicheachcolorgraduallyblendsintothenextone.
Forexample,abluerampgraduallyblendshuesofbluefrompureblacktopureblue.
colorrange(n)~Therangeofcolorsavailabletoadisplaydevice.
colorrule(n)~Arulethatappliestofillcolorsforpolygons,lines,andmarkersthat
representpointsorpolygoncenterpoints.
colorscale(n)~Ascalethatdisplaystheresultsofcolorrulesonly.
colorscheme(n)~Apredefinedsetofharmonizedcolorsthatyoucanapplytotextand
objects.Textandobjectswithanappliedschemecolorwillchangeautomaticallywhen
youswitchtoanewcolorschemeormodifythecurrentcolorscheme.
colorseparation(n)~Adecomposedlayerofafull-colorimageusedinprinting.Typical
printingprocessesusefourcolorseparations(cyan,magenta,yellow,andblack)which
combinetogethertoproducethefinalimage.
colorseparation(n)~Theprocessofprintingthecolorsinadocumentasseparateoutput
files,eachofwhichistobeprintedusingadifferent-coloredink.Therearetwotypesof
colorseparation:spotcolorseparationandprocesscolorseparation.
colorspace(n)~Thethree-dimensionalspacethatisdefinedbyasetofcoordinatesfor
representingcolorondevicessuchasmonitors,scanners,andprinters.Forexample,inthe
LABcolorspace,thecolorsaredefinedintermsoftheirluminanceorwhiteness(L),
redness-greenness(A),andyellowness-blueness(B);theHVCsystemuseshue(H),value
(V),andchroma(C).ThetwomostcommoncolorspacemodelsareRGBandYUV.
colorspaceconversion(n)~Atechniqueforconvertingacolorinonecolorspaceto
anothercolorspace.Typically,thisconversionisfromYUVcolorsfromavideosourceto
RGBfordisplay.
colorspacemodel(n)~Thethree-dimensionalspacethatisdefinedbyasetof
coordinatesforrepresentingcolorondevicessuchasmonitors,scanners,andprinters.For
example,intheLABcolorspace,thecolorsaredefinedintermsoftheirluminanceor
whiteness(L),redness-greenness(A),andyellowness-blueness(B);theHVCsystemuses
hue(H),value(V),andchroma(C).ThetwomostcommoncolorspacemodelsareRGB
andYUV.
colorspectrum(n)~Colors,aspeopleseethem,rangefromvioletatthehigh-frequency
endofthevisible-lightbandtoredatthelow-frequencyend.InPhotoDraw,theTrue
Colorspectrumisrepresentedasacolormatrix.
colortable(n)~Whenagraphiciscreatedoredited,theusermayspecifyaCLUTthat
correspondswiththeneedsofprint,Web,orotherdestinationmedia.InWebdesign,a
specificCLUTofbrowser-safecolorsisusedtobecertaingraphicsanddesignswill
displayconsistentlyacrossdifferentplatformsandwithdifferentbrowsers.
colortransform(n)~Aresourcethatchangesacolorspacebyrepresentingthecolorasa
five-dimensionalvector,wherethefirstfourvaluesarethered,green,blue,andalpha
channelsofthecolorandthelastvalueis1,andmultiplyingitbya5x5matrixthat
representsthecolortransformation.Theresultingfive-dimensionalvectorcontainsthe
representationofthenewcolor.
colorwheel(n)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertoselectagroupofcolorsthatcompliment
eachotherwell,bymakingoneclickonthewheel.
color-coded(adj)~Classifiedoridentifiedaccordingtocolor.
color-spaceconversion(n)~Atechniqueforconvertingacolorinonecolorspaceto
anothercolorspace.Typically,thisconversionisfromYUVcolorsfromavideosourceto
RGBfordisplay.
column(n)~Aseriesofitemsarrangedverticallywithinsometypeofframework—for
example,acontinuousseriesofcellsrunningfromtoptobottominaspreadsheet,asetof
linesofspecifiedwidthonaprintedpage,averticallineofpixelsonavideoscreen,ora
setofvaluesalignedverticallyinatableormatrix.
column(n)~Theareaineachrowofadatabasetablethatstoresthedatavalueforsome
attributeoftheobjectmodeledbythetable.
columnarea(n)~ThepartofPivotTableviewthatcontainscolumnfields.
columnbinding(n)~ThebindingofanAnalysisServicesobjecttoacolumninadata
sourceview.
columnbreak(n)~Aspecialsymbolthatbreaksacolumnwheninsertedintoadocument.
Itendsthecurrentcolumnandstartsthenextcolumn.
columnbuildingblock(n)~Aworksheettemplatethatcontainsheadingsforreport
columnsaswellascodestodefinethetypeofinformationinacolumn,suchasreporting
periodsandcalculations.OneofthethreeManagementReporterbuildingblocks.
columnchart(n)~Agraphthatusesverticalbarstoshowdatachangesoveraperiodof
timeorillustratecomparisonsamongitems.
columndefinition(n)~Aworksheettemplatethatcontainsheadingsforreportcolumns
aswellascodestodefinethetypeofinformationinacolumn,suchasreportingperiods
andcalculations.OneofthethreeManagementReporterbuildingblocks.
columndelimiter(n)~AcharacterwhichseparatescolumnsfromeachotherintheCSV
filebeingimported/exported.
columnfield(n)~Afieldthat’sassignedacolumnorientationinaPivotTablereport.
Itemsassociatedwithacolumnfieldaredisplayedascolumnlabels.
columnfilter(n)~Afilterthatrestrictscolumnsthataretobeincludedaspartofa
snapshot,transactional,ormergepublication.
columngraph(n)~Agraphthatusesverticalbarstoshowdatachangesoveraperiodof
timeorillustratecomparisonsamongitems.
columnguide(n)~Averticallayoutguidethatisusedtodivideapublicationpageinto
twoormorecolumns.
columnheading(n)~AstandardWindowscontrolthatcanbeusedtoprovideinteractive
columntitlesforalist.
ColumnLabels(PN)~AnareainthelayoutsectionofaPivotTablefieldlisttowhich
fieldscanbeaddedinordertodisplayfieldsascolumnsatthetopofthereport.
ColumnOptions(n)~Adialogforspecifyingcolumnsandsortordertodisplayinaresult
list.
columnordinal(n)~Anumberthatrepresentsthepositionofthecolumninasetof
columns.So,ifatablehas3columns,namedName,Address,andZip,inthatorder,their
ordinalsare0,1,and2.
ColumnPatternProfile(PN)~Areportcontainingasetofregularexpressionsthatcover
thespecifiedpercentageofvaluesinastringcolumn.
columnrestriction(n)~Acodeinacolumndefinitionthatrestrictsorsuppressesthedata
inacolumn,suchasrowformatting,details,andamounts.
columnselector(n)~Thehorizontalbaratthetopofacolumn.Youcanclickacolumn
selectortoselectanentirecolumninthequerydesigngridorthefilterdesigngrid.
columnset(n)~AnuntypedXMLrepresentationthatcombinesallthesparsecolumnsof
atableintoastructuredoutput.
columntype(n)~Avalueinacolumndefinitionthatidentifiesthetypeofinformation
thatisdisplayedinthatcolumn,suchasdescriptivetext,acalculation,financial
dimensions,oranaccountingattribute.
columnworksheet(n)~Aworksheettemplatethatcontainsheadingsforreportcolumns
aswellascodestodefinethetypeofinformationinacolumn,suchasreportingperiods
andcalculations.OneofthethreeManagementReporterbuildingblocks.
column-levelcollation(n)~Supportingmultiplecollationsinasingleinstance.
column-levelconstraint(n)~Aconstraintdefinitionthatisspecifiedwithinacolumn
definitionwhenatableiscreatedoraltered.
ColumnsGrid(PN)~AneditablegridstructureintheTableDesignerthatliststhe
columnsofatableandadditionalinformationabouteachcolumn.
columnstoreindex(n)~Storeseachcolumninaseparatesetofdiskpagesratherthan
storingmultiplerowsperpage.
COM(n)~Anobject-basedprogrammingmodeldesignedtopromotesoftware
interoperability;itallowstwoormoreapplicationsorcomponentstoeasilycooperatewith
oneanother,eveniftheywerewrittenbydifferentvendors,atdifferenttimes,indifferent
programminglanguages,oriftheyarerunningondifferentcomputersrunningdifferent
operatingsystems.
COMadd-in(n)~Asupplementalprogramwiththefilenameextension.dllor.exethat
extendsthecapabilitiesofaprogrambyaddingcustomcommandsandspecialized
features.
COMcallablewrapper(n)~Aproxyobjectgeneratedbythecommonlanguageruntime
sothatexistingCOMapplicationscanusemanagedclasses,including.NETFramework
classes,transparently.
COMclass(n)~AconcreteimplementationofoneormoreCOMinterfaces.COM
objectsareinstancesofCOMclasses.
COMinterop(n)~Aservicethatenables.NETFrameworkobjectstocommunicatewith
COMobjects.
COMobject(n)~AninstanceofaCOMclass.
COMport(n)~Aserialcommunicationsportusedtoconnectadevice,suchasamodem,
printer,ormobiledevice,toacomputer.
COM+(n)~AnextensionoftheCOM(ComponentObjectModel)programming
architecturethatincludesarun-timeorexecutionenvironmentandextensibleservices,
includingtransactionservices,security,loadbalancing,andautomaticmemory
management.
combinationchart(n)~Achartthatusestwoormorecharttypestoemphasizethatthe
chartcontainsdifferentkindsofinformation,oftenwithdifferentyaxes.
combinationclass(n)~AfeatureinServiceManagerthatisusedmostlyinreportsandin
viewstodisplayinformationfrommultipleclassesthataredefinedinServiceManager.
combinationview(n)~Aviewcontainingtwoviews.Thebottompaneviewshows
detailedinformationaboutthetasksorresourcesinthetoppaneview.Forexample,the
GanttChartviewcouldbeinthetoppaneandtheTaskFormviewinthebottompane.
combinator(n)~Amethodusedtomapasourceimagetoatargetimage.Thismethod
usestheweightedaverageofthefournearestsourcepixelstodefineatargetpixel.
combine(v)~Tojointwoormorepathsinvariouswaysdependingonthecombineoption
chosen.
combine(v)~Togrouptogethermultiplewindowsofthesameapplicationunderasingle
buttononthetaskbar’staskband.
combinedworksheetlink(n)~Aworksheetlinkthatcombinesreferencestocellsinan
externalworksheetfileintothesamelinkcolumnthatisusedinareporttolinkto
accountsordimensions.
combiningcharacter(n)~Acharacter,suchasdiacritic,thathasnomeaningbyitself,but
overlapsabasecharactertomodifyit.
combobox(n)~AstandardWindowscontrolthatcombinestextboxandlistbox
functions.
comboboxcontrol(n)~AstandardWindowscontrolthatcombinestextboxandlistbox
functions.
combochart(n)~Achartthatusestwoormorecharttypestoemphasizethatthechart
containsdifferentkindsofinformation,oftenwithdifferentyaxes.
Comedy(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.ID3v1
genreID#57.
ComfyCakes(n)~AgamethatispartofthePurblePlacegamethatallowstheplayerto
makeacake.
ComicMischief(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftware
RatingBoard(ESRB).
Comingsoon(PN)~Thecollectiontitleforitemsthatwillbeinthestoreshortly.
comma(n)~The,character.
commadelimitedfile(n)~Adatafileconsistingoffieldsandrecords,storedastext,in
whichthefieldsareseparatedfromeachotherbycommas.
comma-delimitedfile(n)~Adatafileconsistingoffieldsandrecords,storedastext,in
whichthefieldsareseparatedfromeachotherbycommas.
command(n)~Aninstructiontoacomputerprogramthat,whenissuedbytheuser,
causesanactiontobecarriedout.Commandsareusuallyeithertypedatthekeyboardor
chosenfromamenu.
command(n)~Aninstructionsentviamobilephonetoperformacertainactionon
WindowsLive,suchasupdatingastatusmessage,ortoretrieveinformation,suchasalist
oftheday’sevents).
commandbarcontrol(n)~Abuilt-inorcustomcontrolonamenubar,toolbar,menu,
submenu,orshortcutmenu.Customcontrolsyoucanaddtocommandbarsinclude
buttons,editboxes,drop-downlistboxes,andpop-upcontrols,whichdisplayamenuor
submenu.
commandbuffer(n)~Anareainmemoryinwhichcommandsenteredbytheuserare
kept.Acommandbuffercanenabletheusertorepeatcommandswithoutretypingthem
completely,editpastcommandstochangesomeargumentorcorrectamistake,undo
commands,orobtainalistofpastcommands.
commandbutton(n)~Astandardsystemcontrolthatinitiatesacommand.
commandholder(n)~AlogicalcontainerforregisteredVisualStudiocommandson
toolbarsandincontextmenus.
commandlanguage(n)~Thesetofkeywordsandexpressionsthatareacceptedasvalid
bythecommandinterpreter.
commandline(n)~Astringoftextwritteninthecommandlanguageandpassedtothe
commandinterpreterforexecution.
commandlinedeploymenttool(n)~Atoolusedtoadd,remove,importandexport
assemblies,importandexportbindings,andinstalloruninstallassembliesfromtheglobal
assemblycache(GAC).
commandlineinterface(n)~Aformofinterfacebetweentheoperatingsystemandthe
userinwhichtheusertypescommands,usingaspecialcommandlanguage.Although
systemswithcommand-lineinterfacesareusuallyconsideredmoredifficulttolearnand
usethanthosewithgraphicalinterfaces,command-basedsystemsareusually
programmable;thisgivesthemflexibilityunavailableingraphics-basedsystemsthatdo
nothaveaprogramminginterface.
commandnotification(n)~Anotificationchannelthatallowstheuseroradministratorto
runanexecutableprogramautomaticallyinresponsetoanalert.
commandprompt(n)~Aninterfacebetweentheoperatingsystemandtheuserinwhich
theusertypescommandlanguagestringsoftextthatarepassedtothecommand
interpreterforexecution.
commandpromptwindow(n)~AwindowthatmimicsanoldMS-DOSdisplayfor
typingcommand-lineinstructions.
commandrelationship(n)~Providesinstructionstohardwarebasedonnatural-language
questionsorcommands.
commandtimeout(n)~Theamountoftimeallottedforexecutingacommandagainstthe
database,whichwhenreachedcausesanerrormessagetobegeneratedanddisplayedin
theWebbrowser.
Commandwindow(n)~Awindowthatisusedtoexecutecommandsoraliasesdirectly
intheVisualStudiointegrateddevelopmentenvironment(IDE).Youcanexecuteboth
menucommandsandcommandsthatdonotappearonanymenu.
command-lineinterface(n)~Aformofinterfacebetweentheoperatingsystemandthe
userinwhichtheusertypescommands,usingaspecialcommandlanguage.Although
systemswithcommand-lineinterfacesareusuallyconsideredmoredifficulttolearnand
usethanthosewithgraphicalinterfaces,command-basedsystemsareusually
programmable;thisgivesthemflexibilityunavailableingraphics-basedsystemsthatdo
nothaveaprogramminginterface.
command-lineprogram(n)~Aprogramthatrunsfromthecommandline.
command-linetool(n)~Aprogramthatrunsfromthecommandline.
comma-separatedfile(n)~Adatafileconsistingoffieldsandrecords,storedastext,in
whichthefieldsareseparatedfromeachotherbycommas.
comma-separatedvaluefile(n)~Adatafileconsistingoffieldsandrecords,storedas
text,inwhichthefieldsareseparatedfromeachotherbycommas.
comma-separatedvaluesfile(n)~Adatafileconsistingoffieldsandrecords,storedas
text,inwhichthefieldsareseparatedfromeachotherbycommas.
comment(n)~Textembeddedinaprogramfordocumentationpurposes.Most
programminglanguageshaveasyntaxforcreatingcommentssothattheycanbe
recognizedandignoredbythecompilerorassembler.
comment(n)~Anoteorannotationthatanauthororrevieweraddstoadocument.
comment(n)~Acontributionorfeedbackleftbysomeoneviewingcontentonasite.
Someonewhoviewsaspace,photos,orfilescanleaveacomment,ifpermissionsallowit.
commentblock(n)~Aspecificallyformattedchunkoftextualinformationonapieceof
code.
commenthint(n)~Avisualindicatorthatdenotesthepresenceofacommentandopens
thecommentwhenclicked.
commentmark(n)~Amarkinsertedinadocumenttoshowwhereacommenthasbeen
added.
Comments(PN)~AfieldinaBusinessContactManagerforOutlookrecordthatenables
theusertowritenotesabouttheAccount,BusinessContact,Opportunity,orBusiness
Project.
Commentspane(PN)~Apanebesidethedocumentthatdisplaysallcommentsmadein
thedocument.
Commerceapplication(n)~ACommerceServerapplicationisalogicalrepresentationof
anapplicationinMicrosoftInternetInformationServices(IIS);itappearsinboth
CommerceServerManagerandtheIISconsoletrees.IntheIISconsoletreeanapplication
iseitherattherootdirectoryleveloftheWebsiteoratasubdirectoryleveloftheWeb
site.
CommerceModule(n)~AnextensiontotheASP.NETHTTPmoduleframework.
CommerceModulesareresponsibleforinitializingrun-timeservicesspecificto.NETbasedCommerceServerapplications.CommerceModulesarederivedfromthe
Microsoft.CommerceServer.Runtime.CommerceModulebaseclass.ACommerceModule
isanHTTPmodule.
CommerceServerapplication(n)~ACommerceServerapplicationisalogical
representationofanapplicationinMicrosoftInternetInformationServices(IIS);it
appearsinbothCommerceServerManagerandtheIISconsoletrees.IntheIISconsole
treeanapplicationiseitherattherootdirectoryleveloftheWebsiteoratasubdirectory
leveloftheWebsite.
CommerceServerClassLibrary(n)~Acollectionofclasses,interfaces,andvaluetypes
thatareincludedintheCommerceServer.NETApplicationFramework.Thislibrary
providesaccesstorun-timeCommerceServerfunctionalityandisdesignedtobethe
foundationonwhich.NET-basedCommerceServerapplications,components,and
controlsarebuilt.
CommerceServerConfigurationWizard(n)~TheCommerceServerwizardusedto
configureCommerceServersecurity,suchasassigningdomainuseraccountsandtheir
correspondingpasswordsforCommerceServerservices,andforconfiguringthe
AdministrationandDirectMailerdatabases.
CommerceServerDirectMailer(n)~ACommerceServerglobalresourcethatsends
personalizede-mailmessagesfromaWebpage,ornon-personalizedmailingsfromaflat
textfile,tolargegroupsofrecipients.Itprocesseslistsofrecipients,constructs
personalizedmessagebodiesfromeitherWebpagesorstaticfiles,andsendsthemail
messagetotherecipients.UseCommerceServerManagertoconfigureandmanageDirect
Mailer,andtospecifythedatabaseconnectionstringtotheDirectMailerdatabase.
CommerceServerManager(n)~Asystemadministrationtoolthatyouusetomanage
andconfigureCommerceServerresources,sites,applications,andWebservers.
CommerceServerSetupinstallsitautomaticallywhenyouperformaWebServeror
Completeinstallation,orwhenyouselecttheAdministrationToolsfeatureduringa
Custominstallation.TheMicrosoftManagementConsole(MMC)hostsCommerceServer
Manager.
CommerceServersite(n)~AcollectionofsiteresourcesandASPorASP.NET-based
applicationsthatusetheseresourcesthroughtheCommerceServerobjectmodel.Witha
CommerceServersite,youcanadministertheapplicationsinthesiteasagroup.
CommerceServerStarterSite(n)~AsetofCommerceServerfeaturesthatarepreconfiguredandbundledintoapackagefile.Thepackagefileisdesignedtobeunpacked
andthencustomizedtomeettheneedsofyourorganization
[email protected](n)~TheseparatorbetweenaccountnamesanddomainnamesinInternet
e-mailaddresses.
COMMERCIALAT(n)~Theseparatorbetweenaccountnamesanddomainnamesin
Internete-mailaddresses.
commercialpress(n)~Ahighvolumeprintingmachinecapableofcreatingfull-colour
publicationsorotherprintedpieces.
commercialprinting(n)~Theprocessofproducingcopiesofdocuments,publications,or
imagesinhighvolume.
commercialunit(n)~ASurfaceunitthatisoptimizedtouseinauserenvironment(or
venue).Acommercialunitdoesnotincludethesoftwarethatisrequiredtodevelop
applicationsbyusingtheSurfaceSDK,suchasMicrosoftVisualC#2008Express
Edition.
commission(n)~Theamount,usuallyapercentageofthesalesamount,paidtothe
salespersonmakingthesale.
commissionoffset(n)~Aninterimmethodofrecordingcommissionuntilpaymentforthe
saleisactuallycollectedandpaidtothesalesperson.
commit(n)~Anoperationthatsavesallchangestodatabases,cubes,ordimensionsmade
sincethestartofatransaction.
CommitPreview(PN)~Thetitleofawindowthatdisplaysactionstobetakenduringthe
commitoperation.
commitment(n)~Thememorymanager’scurrentsystemwidetotalofmemorypagesthat
havebeencommittedtoeitherphysicalmemoryorapagefile.
commitment(n)~Apromiseorobligationtoperformanactivityinthefuture.
commitmentaccounting(n)~Apracticeofrecordingthefinancialconsequencesof
budgetfundreservationaccountingeventsinpre-encumbranceandencumbrancejournal
accountsforfinancialandmanagementreportingandanalysis.
committedbudget(n)~Theamountofmoneyallocatedforacertainprojectorresource.
committedcost(n)~Acommitmentmadebyalegalentitytoincuracostwhenafuture
obligationcomesdue.
committedmemory(n)~Thenumberofbytesthathavebeenallocatedbyprocesses,and
towhichtheoperatingsystemhascommittedaRAMpageframeorapageslotinthepage
file(orboth).
committedresource(n)~Aresourcethatisformallyallocatedtoanytaskassignments
theyhavewithinaproject.
commodity(n)~Interchangeableproductswithnophysicaldifferentiationthatare
suppliedbymultiplevendors.
commoditychannelindexformula(n)~Aformulathatcalculatesthemeandeviationof
thedailyaveragepriceofacommodityfromthemovingaverage.Avalueabove100
indicatesthatthecommodityisoverbought,andavaluebelow-100indicatesthatthe
commodityisoversold.
commoditycodehierarchy(n)~Acategoryhierarchythatorderscategoriesthatare
createdfromcommoditycodes.
commoditypricing(n)~Apricingstrategyforupdatingthepriceofsalesitemsproduced
fromcommoditiessubjecttofrequentpricechanges.
commongatewayinterface(n)~Aserver-sideinterfaceforinitiatingsoftwareservices.
Forexample,asetofinterfacesthatdescribehowaWebservercommunicateswith
softwareonthesamecomputer.AnysoftwarecanbeaCGIprogramifithandlesinput
andoutputaccordingtotheCGIstandard.
commongroups(n)~GroupsthatappearintheprogramlistontheStartmenuforall
userswhologontothecomputer.Onlyadministratorscancreateorchangecommon
groups.
CommonInformationModel(n)~Themodelthatdescribeshowtorepresentreal-world
managedobjects.CIMusesanobject-orientedparadigm,wheremanagedobjectsare
modeledusingtheconceptsofclassesandinstances.TheCIMisdividedintothe
metamodelandthestandardschema.Themetamodeldescribeswhattypesofentities
makeuptheschema.Italsodefineshowtheseentitiescanbecombinedintoobjectsthat
representreal-worlddevices.
CommonIntermediateFormat(n)~Avideoformatthathas352pixelsby288linesand
30fps.
CommonIntermediateLanguage(n)~Alanguageusedastheoutputofanumberof
compilersandastheinputtoajust-in-time(JIT)compiler.Thecommonlanguageruntime
includesaJITcompilerforconvertingthelanguagetonativecode.
CommonLabels(n)~Alabelforthefrequently-usedlabelsthatusersassigntotheir
photos.ThisappearsintheLibraryPreviewPanewhenmultiplephotosareselected.
CommonLanguageInfrastructure(n)~Aspecificationdescribinghowapplications
writteninmultiplehigh-levellanguagesmaybeexecutedindifferentsystem
environmentswithouttheneedtorewritetheapplicationstotakeintoconsiderationthe
uniquecharacteristicsofthoseenvironments.
commonlanguageruntime(n)~Theengineatthecoreofmanagedcodeexecution.The
runtimesuppliesmanagedcodewithservicessuchascross-languageintegration,code
accesssecurity,objectlifetimemanagement,anddebuggingandprofilingsupport.
commonlanguageruntimehost(n)~AnunmanagedapplicationthatusesasetofAPIs,
calledthehostinginterfaces,tointegratemanagedcodeintotheapplication.Common
languageruntimehostsoftenrequireahighdegreeofcustomizationovertheruntimethat
isloadedintotheprocess.
CommonLanguageRuntimesupport(n)~Theengineatthecoreofmanagedcode
execution.Theruntimesuppliesmanagedcodewithservicessuchascross-language
integration,codeaccesssecurity,objectlifetimemanagement,anddebuggingand
profilingsupport.
CommonLanguageSpecification(n)~Asubsetoflanguagefeaturessupportedbythe
commonlanguageruntime,includingfeaturescommontoseveralobject-oriented
programminglanguages.CLS-compliantcomponentsandtoolsareguaranteedto
interoperatewithotherCLS-compliantcomponentsandtools.
CommonLogFileSystem(PN)~Ageneral-purposeloggingservicethatcanbeusedby
softwareclientsrunninginuser-modeorkernel-mode.
commonmodel(n)~ThesecondlayeroftheCIMschema,whichincludesaseriesof
domain-specificbutplatform-independentclasses.Thedomainsaresystems,networks,
applications,andothermanagement-relateddata.Thecommonmodelisderivedfromthe
coremodel.
commonname(n)~Anamingattributefromwhichanobject’sdistinguishednameis
formed.Formostobjectclasses,thenamingattributeistheCommon-Name.Forexample,
auserobjectwithitsCNsettoJeffSmith’mighthaveadistinguishednameof‘CN=Jeff
Smith
commonobjectfileformat(n)~Aformatin32-bitprogrammingforexecutable(image)
andobjectfilesthatisportableacrossplatforms.TheMicrosoftimplementationiscalled
portableexecutable(PE)fileformat.
commonparameter(n)~Aparameterthatisaddedtoallcmdletsandadvancedfunctions
bytheWindowsPowerShellengine.
CommonRSSDataStore(n)~Acommondatastorewhichprovidesasinglelocation
whereapplicationscanaccesscontentthathasbeendownloadedtothePCviaRSS,
includingtext,pictures,audio,calendarevents,documentsandjustaboutanythingelse.
Allapplicationswillhaveaccesstothiscontentforcreatingrichuserexperiences.
CommonRSSFeedList(n)~AfeatureofWindowswhichmaintainsacommonlistof
theuser’ssubscriptionsacrossallapplications.Thisallowstheusertosubscribetoafeed
onceandhaveallRSS-enabledapplicationsabletoaccessthecommonlisttoviewthe
subscriptions.
commonscript(n)~Indatabaseunittesting,oneofthefollowingscripts:TestInitializeor
TestCleanup.
CommonStructureServices(PN)~ThemechanisminTeamFoundationfordescribinga
featurehierarchy.
CommonTableExpression(PN)~Atemporaryresultsetthatisdefinedwithinthe
executionscopeofasingleSELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,orCREATEVIEW
statement,similartoaderivedtableinthatitisnotstoredasanobjectandlastsonlyfor
thedurationofthequerybutdifferentfromaderivedtable,aspossiblybeingselfreferencingandreferencedmultipletimesinthesamequery.
commontypesystem(n)~Thespecificationthatdetermineshowthecommonlanguage
runtimedefines,uses,andmanagestypes.
communicatesrelationship(n)~Inausecasediagram,arelationshipthatdefineshowan
actorparticipatesinausecase.Youcanaddanarrowtotherelationshiptoindicatethe
directiontheinformationflows.
communicationchannel(n)~Amediumfortransferringinformation.Dependingonits
type,acommunicationschannelcancarryinformation(data,sound,and/orvideo)ineither
analogordigitalform.Acommunicationschannelcanbeaphysicallink,suchasthecable
connectingtwostationsinanetwork,oritcanconsistofsomeelectromagnetic
transmissionononeormorefrequencieswithinabandwidthintheelectromagnetic
spectrum,asinradioandtelevision,orinoptical,microwave,orvoice-grade
communication.
CommunicationHistory(n)~Thesection,locatedontheBusinessContactManager
menu,thattracksinteractionswithcustomersbylinkingitemstorecords.
CommunicationHistoryfolder(n)~Afolder,accessiblefromtheBusinessContact
Managermenu,thatcontainsallcommunicationhistoryitemsandtherecordstheyare
linkedto.
communicationhistoryitem(n)~Anitemsuchasanappointment,businessnote,e-mail
message,file,ortaskthatislinkedtoanAccount,BusinessContact,Opportunity,or
BusinessProject.
communicationpathway(n)~Anestablishedconnectionbetweentwoendpoints,eachon
separateserversorzones.Theconnectionmayadditionallybeconfiguredwithappropriate
communicationprotocols.
communicationpattern(n)~Apropertythatdetermineswhetherthecommunicationon
theportisone-wayortwo-way(request-response).
communicationpreferences(n)~Aproduct’ssettingsthatenablecustomerstodetermine
howpeoplewhoalsousetheproductmayinteractwiththem.
communicationsettings(n)~Operatingparameters,suchasbitspersecond(bps)and
modemtype,thatapplytoserialportsonacomputer.
communicationschannel(n)~Amediumfortransferringinformation.Dependingonits
type,acommunicationschannelcancarryinformation(data,sound,and/orvideo)ineither
analogordigitalform.Acommunicationschannelcanbeaphysicallink,suchasthecable
connectingtwostationsinanetwork,oritcanconsistofsomeelectromagnetic
transmissionononeormorefrequencieswithinabandwidthintheelectromagnetic
spectrum,asinradioandtelevision,orinoptical,microwave,orvoice-grade
communication.
communicationslanguage(n)~Thelanguagechosenbyacompanyinwhichtheywant
toreceivee-mailmessagesandotherbusinesscommunicationsfromMicrosoft.
communicationslink(n)~Theconnectionbetweencomputersthatenablesdatatransfer.
communicationsport(n)~Aserialcommunicationsportusedtoconnectadevice,such
asamodem,printer,ormobiledevice,toacomputer.
communicationsprotocol(n)~Asetofrulesorstandardsdesignedtoenablecomputers
toconnectwithoneanotherandtoexchangeinformationwithaslittleerroraspossible.
Theprotocolgenerallyacceptedforstandardizingoverallcomputercommunicationsisa
seven-layersetofhardwareandsoftwareguidelinesknownastheOSI(OpenSystems
Interconnection)model.Asomewhatdifferentstandard,widelyusedbeforetheOSImodel
wasdeveloped,isIBM’sSNA(SystemsNetworkArchitecture).Thewordprotocolis
oftenused,sometimesconfusingly,inreferencetoamultitudeofstandardsaffecting
differentaspectsofcommunication,suchasfiletransfer(forexample,XMODEMand
ZMODEM),handshaking(forexample,XON/XOFF),andnetworktransmissions(for
example,CSMA/CD).
communicationsserver(n)~TheserverthroughwhichCommunicatorconnectswith
otherusers.
communicationsservice(n)~Theprogramthatrunstheserverthroughwhich
Communicatorconnectswithotherusers.
Communicator(n)~Aenterpriseinstantmessaging(IM)clientthatintegratesIM,
presenceawareness,andtelephony.Communicatoruserscansimultaneouslycontrol
multiplemodesofcommunication,includingIM,videoconferencing,telephony,
applicationsharing,andfiletransfer.
Communicator2005(n)~Theshortproductname,includingversion,forsecondand
subsequentuse.
Communicatorcall(n)~AVoiceoverInternetProtocol(VoIP)callthatisroutedtoallof
acontact’sdevicesthatarerunningOfficeCommunicator2007.Acontactcanreceivea
Communicatorcallonhisorhercomputeroronatelephonydevicethatisconfiguredfor
OfficeCommunicator2007.
CommunicatorTour(n)~InitialexperiencetourthatdescribesCommunicatorconcepts,
features,andusage.
CommunicatorWebAccessManager(n)~Aproductthatallowsyoutomanagea
CommunicatorWebAccessservicesfromacomputeronwhichtheMMChasbeen
installed.
community(n)~Thecollectiveofpeoplewhointeractthroughoruseonlineresources.
Community(PN)~Asitetemplatethatisdesignedtocreateanonlinecommunitywhere
peoplecometogethertoshareideasorgetanswerstotheirquestions.
CommunityBasic(PN)~OneoffivesupportlevelsforSharePointsolutionsprovidedby
thethirdpartydevelopmentcommunity.Itisthesecondinorderfromlowesttohighest
levelofsupport.
CommunityLimited(PN)~OneoffivesupportlevelsforSharePointsolutionsprovided
bythethirdpartydevelopmentcommunity.Itisthefirstinorderfromlowesttohighest
levelofsupport.
communityname(n)~AnamethatidentifiesgroupsofSimpleNetworkManagement
Protocol(SNMP)hosts.ThisnameisplacedinSNMPmessagesthataresentbetween
SNMP-manageddevicessuchasserversrunningWindowsServer2003andSNMP
managementstations.Typically,allhostsbelongtoPublic,whichisthestandardnamefor
acommoncommunityofallSNMPhosts.
CommunityPlatinum(PN)~OneoffivesupportlevelsforSharePointsolutions
providedbythethirdpartydevelopmentcommunity.Itisthefifthinorderfromlowestto
highestlevelofsupport.
CommunityPremium(PN)~OneoffivesupportlevelsforSharePointsolutions
providedbythethirdpartydevelopmentcommunity.Itisthefourthinorderfromlowest
tohighestlevelofsupport.
communityrepresentative(n)~Arolethatissimilartothecustomerservicerole,with
theadditionofbeingabletomanagepublicconversationsenabledandwiththefollowing
permissions:organizationread,BUappend,BUappendto,anduserdelete.
CommunityStandard(PN)~OneoffivesupportlevelsforSharePointsolutions
providedbythethirdpartydevelopmentcommunity.Itisthethirdinorderfromlowestto
highestlevelofsupport.
communitytechnologypreview(n)~Unsupported,prereleasesoftwareintendedtomake
thelatestworkingbuildofaparticularproductavailabletodevelopers.
COMP-1(n)~A4-byte,singleprecision,floating-pointRealdatatypethatspecifies
internalfloating-pointitems.Thesigniscontainedinthefirstbitoftheleftmostbyte,and
theexponentiscontainedintheremainingsevenbitsofthatbyte.Theremainingthree
bytesholdthemantissa.
COMP-2(n)~An8-byte,doubleprecision,floating-pointRealdatatypethatspecifies
internalfloating-pointitems.Thesigniscontainedinthefirstbitoftheleftmostbyte,and
theexponentiscontainedintheremainingsevenbitsofthefirstbyte.Theremaining
sevenbytesholdthemantissa.
COMP-3(n)~Apackeddecimaldatatypethatspecifiesinternaldecimalitemsstoredin
packeddecimalformat.Inthepackeddecimalformat,eachbyteinafieldrepresentstwo
numericdigitsexceptfortherightmostbyte.Therightmostbyteholdsonedigitandthe
sign.
compact(v)~Toreducethesizeofadynamicallyexpandingvirtualharddiskby
removingunusedspacefromthe.vhdfile.
compactdisc(n)~Anopticalstoragemediumfordigitaldata.
CompactDiscFileSystem(n)~A32-bitprotected-modefilesystemthatcontrolsaccess
tothecontentsofCD-ROMdrives.
compactdiscplayer(n)~Adevicethatreadstheinformationstoredonacompactdisc.A
compactdiscplayercontainstheopticalequipmentnecessaryforreadingadisc’scontents
andtheelectroniccircuitryforinterpretingthedataasitisread.
compactdiscread-onlymemory(n)~Aformofstoragecharacterizedbyhighcapacity
(roughly650MB)andtheuseoflaseropticsinsteadofmagneticmeansforreadingdata.
compactdisc-recordable(n)~AtypeofCD-ROMthatcanbewritten(onlyonce)ona
CDrecorderandreadonaCD-ROMdrive.
compactdisc-rewritable(n)~AtypeofCDonwhichfilescanbecopied,erased,and
replaced.
compactrowaxis(n)~Afeaturethatenablestheusertocompactorcollapserowswhen
viewingseverallevelsofdata.
CompactFlashcard(n)~Amemorycardthatissupportedbymanytypesofdevices.Itis
largerthanasecuredigitalcard.
compaction(n)~Theprocessofgatheringandpackingthecurrentlyallocatedregionsof
memoryorauxiliarystorageintoassmallaspaceaspossible,soastocreateasmuch
continuousfreespaceaspossible.
company(n)~Theparentbusinessunitofareportingentitywithinanorganization.
Companybusinessunitsdefinecompanygroupswithinanenterpriseorganization
structure.
Company(n)~IntheAddaContactWizard,thisisoneofthefieldsbywhichyoucan
searchforacontact.
company(n)~Acommercialorganizationorasmallbusiness.
Company(n)~Aprivacyrelationshipsettingthatallowsamediumamountofinformation
tobeviewed,typicallyforpeopleinyourcompanyandforpeopleoutsideyourcompany
whoworkwithyou.
companyapp(n)~Theappsorhubsprovidedbyacompanythatuserscaninstallontheir
phonesoncetheyhaveenrolledinacompanyaccount.
companychain(n)~Agroupofcompaniesthatareunderthesameownershipand
management.
companydefinition(n)~Informationaboutacompanythatisusedtocreateareport.
companyhub(n)~Alineofbusiness(LOB)apphubwhereenterprisecustomerscan
featureanddistributedeveloped,packaged,andprivatelysignedappstotheiremployees.
companyinformation(n)~Informationspecifiedbyanexternalaccountorcontact.
companyknowledge(n)~Aneditablefieldofaruleormonitorinwhichyoucancapture
anyrelevantinformationabouttherequiredstepstoresolveanalertthatwasraisedbythe
ruleormonitor.
CompanyKnowledgeBase(n)~Afieldwhichspecifiesthecompany-provided
knowledgebaseinformationassociatedwiththerulegroup.Thisfieldisavailableonlyif
thereiscompany-providedknowledgebaseinformationassociatedwiththerulegroup.
companynetwork(n)~Anetworkofcomputers,printers,andotherdeviceslocated
withinarelativelylimitedarea(forexample,abuilding).ALANenablesanyconnected
devicetointeractwithanyotheronthenetwork.
companyphone(PN)~Themaintelephonenumberofacompany.Notthesameasan
individual’sworkphone.
companyreference(n)~Someonewithinacompanywhocanverifythestatusofthe
companyorthestatusofsomeoneelseasanemployeeofthecompany.
compa-ratio(n)~Theratiooffixedpayratetothegrademidpoint(orcontrolpoint)in
gradedcompensationplans.Theratioisusedasameasureofhowwellanemployeeis
paidrelativetothegradestructure.Theratioiscalculatedbydividingthefixedpayrateby
themidpoint;forexample,anemployeewithacompa-ratiooflessthan1.0ispaidless
thantherangemidpoint.Compensationplansaretypicallydesignedsothattheaverage
fixedpayrateofallemployeesatagivengradeequalsthemidpointoftherange.
comparator(n)~Adeviceforcomparingtwoitemstodeterminewhethertheyareequal.
Inelectronics,forexample,acomparatorisacircuitthatcomparestwoinputvoltagesand
indicateswhichishigher.
compare(v)~Tochecktwoitems,suchaswords,files,ornumericvalues,soasto
determinewhethertheyarethesameordifferent.Inaprogram,theoutcomeofacompare
operationoftendetermineswhichoftwoormoreactionsistakennext.
Compare(PN)~AfeatureintheClockappthatallowstheusertoinputanytimeandsee
itconvertedtotheequivalenttimeinanothertimezone.
Comparetimes(PN)~AfeatureintheClockappthatallowstheusertoinputanytime
andseeitconvertedtotheequivalenttimeinanothertimezone.
comparer(n)~Afunctionusedforcontrollingthecomparisoninsearch.
comparisoncriteria(n)~Asetofsearchconditionsthatisusedtofinddata.Comparison
criteriacanbeaseriesofcharactersthatyouwanttomatch,suchasNorthwindTraders
comparisonevaluator(n)~Afilterthatcomparesadevicecapabilitynametoavalue.
compartment(n)~Anabstraction(notaspecificstoragelocation)thatconsistsofoneor
moreisolatedstoragefiles,calledstores,whichcontaintheactualdirectorylocations
wheredataisstored.Anykindofdatacanbesavedinthestore.
compatibility(n)~Thedegreetowhichacomputer,anattacheddevice,adatafile,ora
programcanworkwithorunderstandthesamecommands,formats,orlanguageas
another.Truecompatibilitymeansthatanyoperationaldifferencesareinvisibletopeople
andprogramsalike.
compatibility(n)~Inreferencetosoftware,harmonyonatask-orientedlevelamong
computersandcomputerprograms.
compatibility(n)~Theextenttowhichawebsiteorwebpagedisplaysasthedesigner
expectsfromonebrowsertothenext.
CompatibilityAdministrator(PN)~Atoolthatenablesyoutocreateanddeploy
compatibilityfixes,compatibilitymodes,andAppHelpmessages,toresolveyour
compatibilityissues.
compatibilitychecker(n)~Afunctionthatverifiesthetechnologyiscompatiblewiththe
targetbrowser.
CompatibilityChecker(PN)~Afeaturethatidentifieselementsinyourfilethataren’t
supportedorwillbehavedifferentlyinadifferentformatorpreviousversionofthe
product.
compatibilityevaluator(n)~Acommand-lineprogramlaunchedbyACTDataCollector
andconfiguredbytheuserthroughthedatacollectionpackage(DCP)settingstocollect
andprocessyourapplicationinformation.Eachevaluatorperformsasetoffunctions,
providingaspecifictypeofinformationtoACT.Acompatibilityevaluatormayrun
immediatelyandexitoritmaycontinuetomonitorsystemactivitythroughoutthe
durationoftimeconfiguredbytheuser.
compatibilityfix(n)~AsmallpieceofcodethatinterceptsAPIcallsfromapplications,
transformingthemsothatWindowsVistawillprovidethesameproductsupportforthe
applicationaspreviousversionsoftheoperatingsystem.
compatibilitymode(n)~Afeatureofacomputeroroperatingsystemthatallowsittorun
programswrittenforadifferentsystem.
compatibilitymode(n)~Agroupofcompatibilityfixesfoundtoresolvemanycommon
appcompatibilityissues.
CompatibilityReport(PN)~Atoolthatchecksforissuesthatmightpreventadocument
fromdisplayingorprintingproperlyincurrentandpreviousversionsofMicrosoftOffice
forWindowsandMac.
compatibilitysolution(n)~Thesolutiontoaknowncompatibilityissue,asenteredbythe
user,Microsoft,oravendor.
compatibilityswitching(n)~TheprocessofrevertingtolegacycodewhenWindows
detectsthatanapplicationneedsittorunseamlesslyfortheenduser.
CompatibilityView(PN)~AviewmodeinInternetExplorerthatdetermineswhether
contentisrenderedasifuserswereviewingitinapreviousversionofInternetExplorer.
compatible(adj)~Pertainingtoaproductthatcanworkwithorisequivalenttoanother
product.
Compatible~Compatiblepiecesofequipmentcanworktogether;incompatibleones
can’t.
compelling(adj)~Persuasive,convincing,orattractive.
compensatingingredient(n)~Atypeofingredientinaformulawhosequantitiescanbe
adjusted.Thisadjustmentisbasedonthedifferencebetweenthequantitiesofactive
ingredientthatareestimatedandthequantitiesofactiveingredientinventorybatchesthat
arereservedbasedonthepotencyofactiveingredient.
compensation(n)~Agroupofactionsdesignedtoundoormitigatetheeffectofa
committedtransaction.
compensation(n)~Directorindirectmonetaryandnonmonentaryrewardsinexchange
forservicesrendered,oranawardfordamagessustainedbyaninjuryorbytheviolation
ofacontract.
compensationlevel(n)~Aninternalorderedclassificationthatdifferentiateslevelsofpay
withinacompensationstructure.
competency(n)~Arecognizedlevelofexpertisewithinagiventechnicaland/orbusiness
area.
competencytoolkit(n)~AsetofthetoolsrelevanttoaMicrosoftCompetency.
competition(n)~Businessesthatsellsimilarproductsorservicesandcompeteforthe
samecustomersegment.
CompetitionTracker(PN)~Abusinessapplicationthattracksdetailsandnewsabout
competitorsandcomparesone’skeyproductswiththoseofcompetitors.
competitor(n)~Anentitythatsellssimilarproductsorservicesandcompetesforthe
samecustomersegment.
CompetitorWinLoss(PN)~AreportintheMicrosoftDynamicsCRMuserinterfacethat
providesatableshowingeachcompetitor,thenumberofopenopportunitiesandclosed
opportunitiesagainsteachcompetitor,andthepercentageandratioofwonandlost
opportunities.
compiland(n)~Thebasicunitofcompilationortranslation.Aprojectusuallyconsistsof
severalcompilands(forexample,.cand.cppfiles)thatarecompiledtoproducea
correspondingobjectfile.Seealsofunction.
compilationerror(n)~Anerrorwhichoccurswhilecompilinganapplication.These
compilationerrorstypicallyoccurbecausesyntaxwasenteredincorrectly.
compile(v)~Totranslateallthesourcecodeofaprogramfromahigh-levellanguageinto
objectcodepriortoexecutionoftheprogram.
compiletime(n)~Theamountoftimerequiredtoperformacompilationofaprogram.
Compiletimecanrangefromafractionofasecondtomanyhours,dependingonthesize
andcomplexityoftheprogram,thespeedofthecompiler,andtheperformanceofthe
hardware.
compiletime(n)~Thepointatwhichaprogramisbeingcompiled(i.e.,mostlanguages
evaluateconstantexpressionsatcompiletimebutevaluatevariableexpressionsatrun
time).
compiledbinaryfile(n)~AnAccess2007database(.accdb)filewithallmodules
compiledandalleditablesourcecoderemoved.
compiledquery(n)~Aquerythathasbeenpre-compiledandcachedforthefuturereuse.
compiler~Asoftware-developmenttoolthattranslateshigh-levellanguageprogramsinto
themachine-languageinstructionsthataparticularprocessorcanunderstandandexecute.
compileroption(n)~Anoptionthatissetinthedevelopmentenvironmentbeforeafileis
compiled.
compilerwarning(n)~Awarningthatisissuedduetoacompilerproblem.
compile-timeerror(n)~Anerrorinascriptthatoccursifyoumistypeakeyword,forget
tocloseamulti-linecommand(suchasDO…LOOP),orintroduceasimilarmistake.Ifa
scriptincludesacompile-timeerror,thescriptwillnotexecuteandanerrormessageis
displayedassoonasthebrowserorserverprocessesthepage.Alsocalledasyntaxerror.
complementarycolors(n)~Colorsthatareoppositeeachotheronthecolorwheel,such
asyellowandblue.
completedatabaserestore(n)~Arestoreofafulldatabasebackup,themostrecent
differentialdatabasebackup(ifany),andthelogbackups(ifany)takensincethefull
databasebackup.
CompletePCBackup(n)~AtoolinWindowsVistathatbacksuptheentirecomputer
(OS,settings,andfiles).
CompletePCRestore(n)~AtoolinWindowsVistathatrestorestheentirecomputer
(OS,settings,andfiles).
Completethemerge(oth)~TheheadingforthelastMailMergestep,whichallowsthe
usertoselecthowthemergedpublicationorlettersareproduced.
completed(adj)~Thestateofhavingreachedthenormalorexpectedendtoaprogramor
process.
completedcontract(n)~Atypeofassessmentprinciplethatspecifiesthatrevenueand
costsarerecognizedwhencontractactivityiscompleted.
completedpercentage(n)~Atypeofassessmentprinciplethatspecifiesthatrevenueand
costsarerecognizedwhileworkprogresses.
completedstate(n)~Thestateofaworkflowinstancethathasfinishedprocessingand
acceptsnofutureinput,suchasmessages.Auser,whenterminatingorcancelingan
instance,completestheworkflow.
complexeventprocessing(n)~Thecontinuousandincrementalprocessingofevent
streamsfrommultiplesourcesbasedondeclarativequeryandpatternspecificationswith
near-zerolatency.
complexnetwork(n)~Atypeofoperationsnetworkinwhichsimultaneousoperations
takeplaceorinwhichoperationsoverlap,arecontingentoneachother,orhaveother
complexrelationships.
complexnumber(n)~Anumberintheforma+bi,whereaandbarerealnumbersandi
=sqrt(-1),sothatbiisimaginaryunlessb=0.
complexobject(n)~Aninstanceofacomplextypethatexistswithinanobjectcontext.
complexscript(n)~Alanguagewhosecharactersrequireligationorshaping,suchasa
right-to-leftlanguage(Arabic,Persian,Hebrew,andUrdu)orcertainSouthAsian
languages.
complextransition(n)~Inastatechartoractivitydiagram,arelationshipbetween
multiplesourceand/ortargetstatesoractionstates.
complextype(n)~Acompositetypethatrepresentsanon-scalarpropertyofanentity
type,whichenablesscalarpropertiestobeorganizedwithinentities.
complextype(n)~Anelementthatcancontainotherelementsorattributesandappearsas
<complexType>inanXMLdocument.
compliance(n)~Theadherencetostatedstandards.
compliance(n)~Meetinganorganization’svariousobligations,whichmayarisefrom
laws,regulations,rules,andmanyotherlegalinstruments,suchascourtjudgments,
litigation,andevencontracts.Specificandimportantexamplesoftheseobligations
includetheSarbanes-OxleyAct(SOX)andtheCaliforniaLawonNoticeofSecurity
Breach,formerlyknownasSB-1386.Theseregulatoryobligationsmaybecreatedby
manysources,suchasnationalandlocalgovernmentsandfromindustry-specific
oversightgroups,suchasthePaymentCardIndustryDataSecurityStandards.
ComplianceAdministrator(n)~Theroleresponsibleforsettingupandmaintaining
productcompliance.
complianceofficer(n)~Personresponsibleforensuringthatanorganizationcomplies
withthevariousregulationsandstandardsthatareimposedbygovernmentandother
regulatorybodies.
ComplianceSettings(n)~AConfigurationManagerfeaturethatallowsadministratorsto
define,monitor,andremediatenoncompliance.
ComplianceSettingsManager(n)~Asecurityrolethatgrantspermissionsto
administrativeuserssothattheycandefineandmonitorComplianceSettings.
ComplianceSettingsManagerrole(n)~Asecurityrolethatgrantspermissionstodefine
andmonitorcompliancebyusingtheDesiredConfigurationCompliancefeature.
Administrativeuserswhoareassociatedwiththisrolecancreate,modify,anddelete
configurationitemsandbaselines.Theycanalsodeployconfigurationbaselinesto
collections,initiatecomplianceevaluation,andinitiateremediationfornoncompliant
computers.
ComplianceTechnologiesInternational(PN)~Acompanythatprovidesreporting
complianceservices.
compliant(n)~Meetingorfallingwithinasetofstandardsorguidelinesinthecreation
andproductionofaproduct.
compliantcard(n)~AcardthatmeetstherequirementsforuseinaWindowsPhone.
component(n)~Anobjectthatisreusableandcaninteractwithotherobjects.Note:
Everycontrolisacomponent,butnoteverycomponentisacontrol.
component(n)~Anyrawmaterial,ingredient,partoritemusedtoassemblea
subassembly,finishedgood,orusedaspartofakit.
component(n)~Ingeneral,amodularunitofcodethatactsaspartofalargersystemor
structure.ForCOM,aunitofcodebuilttodeliverawell-specifiedsetofservicesthrough
well-specifiedinterfaces.Acomponentprovidesanobjectthataclientrequestsatruntime.
component(n)~Ahardwareorsoftwareelementthatispartofalargersystemor
structure.
component(n)~Anadvertisingormediaitemthatyoucreate,suchasabrochure,
businesscard,letter,ad,webpage,poster,TVcommercial,radiospot,poster,tentcards
promotionalitem,pointofpurchasedisplay,orshelftalker.
componentconnection(n)~Theconnectionbetweentwocomponentnodesinthe
ApplicationFlowpanelinSketchFlow.
componentdatabase(n)~Acentraldatabasethatholdsthemetadatanecessarytodefine
oneormorecomponentizedOSs.Includesplatforms,components,repositories,resource
typesandgroups,butnotconfigurations.
componentdiagram(n)~Animplementationdiagramthatshowsthestructureofthe
codeitself.
ComponentExplorer(n)~Awindowthatshowsahierarchicalviewoftheprocess
engineeringcomponentsgroupedbycategory,suchasvalvesorpipelines.
ComponentGallery(n)~Acontainerforcatalogsofsoftwareobjectssuchasclass
libraries,forms,buttons,etc.
componentnode(n)~AnodeintheApplicationFlowpanelofaSketchFlowprototype
thatrepresentsascreen.
ComponentObjectModel(n)~Anobject-basedprogrammingmodeldesignedto
promotesoftwareinteroperability;itallowstwoormoreapplicationsorcomponentsto
easilycooperatewithoneanother,eveniftheywerewrittenbydifferentvendors,at
differenttimes,indifferentprogramminglanguages,oriftheyarerunningondifferent
computersrunningdifferentoperatingsystems.
componentregistrar(n)~Anobjectthatcanregisterandunregisterindividual
componentsinaDLL.
componentserver(n)~AserverthatrunsConfigurationManagerservices.Whenyou
installallthesitesystemrolesexceptforthedistributionpointrole,Configuration
Managerautomaticallyinstallsthecomponentserver.
ComponentServices(n)~AnextensionoftheCOM(ComponentObjectModel)
programmingarchitecturethatincludesarun-timeorexecutionenvironmentand
extensibleservices,includingtransactionservices,security,loadbalancing,andautomatic
memorymanagement.
componentsettingsdatabase(n)~Adatabasethatstoresserviceinformationforeach
portalsiteinadeployment.
componenttray(n)~ArectangularregionthatappearsatthebottomoftheWindows
FormsDesignerwhenitisinDesignview.Thecomponenttrayisacontainerfor
components,whicharecontrolsthatarenotvisible.Itappearsonlyafteracomponentis
addedtothecurrentformandprovidesawayforuserstoaccessandsetthepropertiesof
thosecomponents.
Component-BasedServicing(n)~AservicingmodelusedinWindowsinwhich
componentsareidentifiedbyanXMLmanifestcontainingthefullcontentsofthe
component.Multiplecomponentscanbeincludedinapackage,thecontentsofwhichare
alsoidentifiedinanXMLmanifest.
composable(adj)~Pertainingtotheabilitytoformcomplexqueriesbyusingquery
components(objectsoroperators)asreusablebuildingblocks.Thisisdonebylinking
querycomponentstogetherorencapsulatingquerycomponentswithineachother.
compose(v)~Tocreateanobject,suchasanemailmessage.
composedenvironment(n)~Avirtualenvironmentthatwascreatedfromvirtual
machines.ThosevirtualmachineswerecreatedoutsideofMicrosoftTestManagerandare
alreadydeployedonahostgroup.
composite(n)~Anaggregatedsetorgroupofobjectsthatisrecognizedasanobjectitself
(forexample,charactersinaparagraph,anamedrangeofcellsinaspreadsheet,ora
groupedsetofdrawingobjects).
compositeapplication(n)~Anapplicationthatconsistsofbothclient-sideandWebbasedcomponents.
compositebusenumerator(n)~Abusenumeratorforcompositedevices.
compositecharacter(n)~Atextelementconsistingofabasecharacterandadiacriticor
accentmark.AlthoughmostcommonintheLatinscript,otherscripts(includingGreek,
Devanagari,andTamil)alsohavecompositecharacters.
compositecontrol(n)~Acustomservercontrolthatconsistsofacustomcollectionof
otherservercontrolsaschildcontrols.
compositedatatype(n)~Adatatypewherethesumofthemembersislargerthanall
individualmemberstakentogether,suchasastructureoranarray.
compositedevice(n)~Achilddeviceofthecompositebusenumeratorthataggregates
multipletransportdevicesforasinglepointofaccess.
compositeindex(n)~Anindexthatusesmorethanonecolumninatabletoindexdata.
compositekey(n)~Akeywhosedefinitionconsistsoftwoormorefieldsinafile,
columnsinatable,orattributesinarelation.
compositeobject(n)~Ahigh-levelobjectmadeoftightlyboundparts.Acomposite
objectisaninstanceofacompositeclass,whichimpliesthecompositionaggregation
betweentheclassanditsparts.
compositeplan(n)~Aplanthatiscalculatedbysummingdiscretecomponentsandwhich
isusuallyassociatedwithaspanoftime.Thisisoftenanannualcashbonusplanorother
planthatdependsonmeasurablepastperformance.
compositestate(n)~Inastatechartdiagram,astatethathasbeendecomposedinto
concurrent(representingandrelationships)ormutuallyexclusive(representingor
relationships)substates.
CompositesRuntimeobjectmodel(n)~Anobjectmodelthatthatcanbeusedto
incorporateand/ormodifythebehaviorofacompositeatruntime.
compositing(n)~Theprocessofcombiningtwoimagestoformanewimage.Themost
commoncompositingoperationisanoveroperation,inwhichoneimageisplacedover
another,takingintoaccountthealphainformationofbothimages.
composition(n)~Anactivityflowcreatedfrommultipleactions.Compositioniscoreto
theHumanWorkflowServicessystem.
composition(n)~Oneormoreimagesthatarepositioned,arranged,ordered,and
proportionallyresizedaccordingtoauser’sspecificationswithinaDeepZoomComposer
project.
composition(n)~AnexportformatthatflattensagroupofimagesdefinedinaDeep
ZoomComposerprojectintoasinglehigh-resolutionimagethatisgeneratedatexport.
composition(n)~Awhole-partrelationshipinwhichthelifecycleofthepartobjectis
dependentonthelifecycleofthewholeobject.
compositionalhierarchy(n)~Asetofentitiesthatareconceptuallypartofahierarchy,
suchasaparententityandachildentity.Dataoperationsrequirethattheentitiesbe
treatedasasingleunit.
compoundcontrol(n)~Acontrolandanattachedlabel,suchasatextboxwithan
attachedlabel.
compoundfile(n)~Anumberofindividualfilesboundtogetherinonephysicalfile
whereeachindividualfilecanbeaccessedasifitwereasinglephysicalfile.
compoundfiledirectory(n)~Astructureusedtocontainper-streaminformationabout
thestreamsinacompoundfile.
compoundkeyframe(n)~Inananimationtimeline,atypeofkeyframethatindicatesthat
thepropertyhaschildpropertiesthathavesimplekeyframessetonthem.Youcanwork
withcompoundkeyframesinordertomodifylargegroupsofpropertiesatoncewitha
singleselection,forexamplewhenmovingkeyframesalongthetimeline.
compoundpath(n)~Apaththatismadeupoftwoormoresub-paths.
compress(v)~Toreducethesizeofasetofdata,suchasafileoracommunications
message,sothatitcanbestoredinlessspaceortransmittedwithlessbandwidth.
compress(v)~Toreducethetimeavailableforascheduledstoryboardtoreachitsfinal
state.
compresseddrive(n)~Aharddiskwhoseapparentcapacityhasbeenincreasedthrough
theuseofacompressionutility,suchasStackerorDoubleSpace.
CompressedSerialLineInternetProtocol(n)~AversionofSLIPusingcompressed
Internetaddressinformation,therebymakingtheprotocolfasterthanSLIP.
compression(n)~Aprocessforremovingredundantdatafromadigitalmediafileor
streamtoreduceitssizeorthebandwidthused.
compression(n)~Areductionofthetimeavailableforascheduledstoryboardtoreachits
finalstate.
Compression~Awayofmakingfilessmaller,eithertofitintorestrictedstoragespaceor
tospeeduptransmissionovertheInternet.Popularcompressionstandards
include-JPEG-and-GIF-forpictures,-MP3formusicfiles,-MPEG,MP4,
AVI-and-MOV-formoviefootage,and-zip-forjustabouteverythingelse.
compressionexclusionlist(n)~Alistoffilesthatarenotcompressedwhencapturingan
imageusingImageX.Somefilesdonotshrinkinsizewhencompressed.Whencapturing
animage,youcanidentifythesefilestoImageXtosavetime.Thesefileswillstillbe
captured,butImageXwillnotattempttocompressthem.
compressionlevel(n)~Theamountbywhichanimage’sfilesizeisreduced.Higher
compressionlevelsyieldsmallerfilesizesandshorterdownloadtimes.
compressionratio(n)~Theratiooftheuncompressedsizetothecompressedsizeofa
storedunitofdata.
compressionutility(n)~Asoftwareprogramthatreducesafile’ssizeforstorageona
disk.Ifacompressedfileistoolargetofitontoasingledisk,thecompressionutility
copiesitontomultipledisks.
computation-bound(oth)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofasituationinwhichthe
performanceofacomputerislimitedbythenumberofarithmeticoperationsthe
microprocessormustperform.Whenasystemiscomputation-bound,themicroprocessor
isoverloadedwithcalculations.
Compute(PN)~ThefamilyofcomputeservicesinMicrosoftAzure.
computecluster(n)~Alargearrayofprocessors(-€œnodes-€?),withaninfrastructureto
submitcomputationjobstotheclusternodesandcollectresults.
computeemulator(n)~ThesoftwareemulationoftheMicrosoftAzureComputeservice
thatrunsinthedeveloper’slocalenvironmentforapplicationtestinganddebugging.
computehour(n)~Aunitofmeasureoftimeforasubscriptiontoahostedservice
deployedandrunningintheMicrosoftAzurecomputeenvironment.Acustomeris
chargeddifferentratesfordifferentsizedcomputeinstances.
ComputeIntensiveBatchInstances(PN)~TheservicetypeoftheBatchservicefor
batchesthatrequirealargecomputepower.
computenode(n)~Aserverthatisaddedtoaclustertorunjobs.
ComputeServices(PN)~ThefamilyofcomputeservicesinMicrosoftAzure.
computedcolumn(n)~Avirtualcolumninatablewhosevalueiscomputedatruntime.
computedfield(n)~Avalueinaformattednotificationthathasbeencomputedbyusing
aTransact-SQLexpression.
computedgroup(n)~Agroupwhosemembershipisautomaticallydeterminedandkept
uptodatebyILMbyensuringthatthegroupcontainsalltheresources(suchaspeople,
groups,computers)thatfallwithintheconditionsthatareexpressedusingXPath.
computedgroupmember(n)~Amemberofagroupwhosemembershipisdynamically
calculatedbyadefinedfilter.
computedradiography(n)~Digitalradiographythatrecordsimageswhichareconverted
toelectronicsignalsanddigitizedsotheycanbestoredandmanipulatedbyacomputer.
computedtomography(n)~Atechniquethatproducesacomputer-processedX-ray
imageofacrosssectionofaninternalorganortissue.
computer(n)~Anydevicecapableofprocessinginformationtoproduceadesiredresult.
Nomatterhowlargeorsmalltheyare,computerstypicallyperformtheirworkinthree
well-definedsteps:(1)acceptinginput,(2)processingtheinputaccordingtopredefined
rules(programs),and(3)producingoutput.Thereareseveralwaystocategorize
computers,includingclass(rangingfrommicrocomputerstosupercomputers),generation
(firstthroughfifthgeneration),andmodeofprocessing(analogversusdigital).
Computer(n)~AnitemtheusercanselectintheOptionsdialogbox,Phonestab,from
theSelectthedefaultdeviceforcallingphonenumbers’drop-downlist.Whentheuser
selectsComputerasthedefaultdeviceforcallingphonenumbers
computeraccount(n)~Anaccountthatisonalocalsystemordomain.
computeradministrator(n)~Thepersoninchargeofmanagingacomputer.The
administratorisresponsibleforinstallingsoftware,assigningpasswords,andmanaging
files.
computeraudio(n)~TheuseoftheInternetProtocol(IP)fortransmittingvoice
communications.VoIPdeliversdigitizedaudioinpacketformandcanbeusedtotransmit
overintranets,extranets,andtheInternet.Itisessentiallyaninexpensivealternativeto
traditionaltelephonecommunicationoverthecircuit-switchedPublicSwitchedTelephone
Network(PSTN).VoIPcoverscomputer-to-computer,computer-to-telephone,and
telephone-basedcommunications.Forthesakeofcompatibilityandinteroperability,a
groupcalledtheVoIPForumpromotesproductdevelopmentbasedontheITU-TH.323
standardtotransmitmultimediaovertheInternet.
ComputerBrowserservice(n)~Aservicethatmaintainsanup-to-datelistofcomputers
thatshareresourcesonyournetworkandthatsuppliesthelisttoprogramsthatrequestit.
TheComputerBrowserserviceisusedtoviewalistofavailablenetworkresources.
computerbuildreport(n)~AreportgeneratedbyOEMsforeachOA3.0manufactured
computerwhichisthensenttoMicrosoftforprocessing.Thisreportincludesthehardware
hashvalueandProductKeyID.
computercall(n)~Afunctionthatallowsausertocallacomputer.
computerdetails(n)~Alistofcomputerpropertiesthatareconfiguredtodisplayand
provideinformationaboutaspecificcomputer.
computerdiscovery(n)~Aprocesstodiscovercomputersonthenetwork.
ComputerEntertainmentRatingOrganization(n)~Anon-profit,self-regulatory
organizationwhichappliesandenforcesinteractivegameratingsinJapan.
computergroup(n)~Acollectionofcomputerswithsomeattributeincommon.
Computergroupsaredefinedbycomputergroupingrulesforsimilareventmanagement.
computergroupingrule(n)~Arulethatcombinescomputerswithcommonattributes
intoagrouptobesimilarlymanagedandmonitored.
computerID(n)~Anumberthatuniquelyidentifiesaparticularcomputer.
computerlanguage(n)~Anartificiallanguagethatspecifiesinstructionstobeexecuted
onacomputer.Thetermcoversawidespectrum,frombinary-codedmachinelanguageto
high-levellanguages.
computername(n)~Auniquenamewithasmanyas15charactersthatidentifiesa
computertothenetwork.
computername(n)~Auniquenameforasubscriptioncomputerthatisspecifiedbythe
solutionprovider.ThisisthenamethatthesolutionprovidersubmitstotheProvisioning
Serverwhenconfiguringasubscriptioncomputerorqueryinginformationaboutthat
computer.Thecomputernameisanalphanumericstringofuptofiftycharacters.
computerprogram(n)~Asetofinstructionsinsomecomputerlanguageintendedtobe
executedonacomputersoastoperformsometask.Thetermusuallyimpliesaselfcontainedentity,asopposedtoaroutineoralibrary.
computerrestrictions(n)~Settingsthatlimitoperatingsystemfunctionality;including,
privacyandsecurity.
ComputerSupportedTelecommunicationsApplications(PN)~Aninternational
standardestablishedbytheEuropeanComputerManufacturersAssociation(ECMA)that
specifiesanapplication’sinterfaceandprotocolsformonitoringandcontrollingcallsand
devicesinacommunicationsnetwork.
computertelephonyintegration(n)~Thepracticeofusingacomputertocontroloneor
moretelephoneandcommunicationsfunctions.
computerusagetime(n)~Anamountoftimethatisusedtowardcomputerorsoftware
access.
Computer-BrainInterface~interpretdistinctbrainpatterns,shiftsandsignalsas
commandsthatcanbeusedtoguideacomputerorotherdevice.
computerizedtomography(n)~Atechniquethatproducesacomputer-processedX-ray
imageofacrosssectionofaninternalorganortissue.
computer-to-computernetwork(n)~Atemporarynetworkusedforsharingfilesoran
Internetconnection.Inanadhocnetwork,computersanddevicesareconnecteddirectly
toeachotherinsteadoftoahuborrouter.
computingdevice(n)~Apieceofequipmentthatisusedforrunningprograms.
COM-structuredstoragefile(n)~Acomponentobjectmodel(COM)compoundfile
usedbyDataTransformationServices(DTS)tostoretheversionhistoryofasavedDTS
package.
concatenate(v)~Tojoinsequentially(forexample,tocombinethetwostringshello’and
‘there’intothesinglestring‘hellothere’).’
concatenation(n)~Theprocessofcombiningtwoormorecharacterstringsor
expressionsintoasinglecharacterstringorexpression,orcombiningtwoormorebinary
stringsorexpressionsintoasinglebinarystringorexpression.
concept(n)~Aunitofthoughtthatconsistsofcharacteristicsattributedtoanobject,a
relation,oranentityandthatcanbeexpressedinasymbol(e.g.,awordorphrase).
conceptualdesign(n)~Amajorstageinthedesignprocess,throughwhichtheproject
teamtranslatesthebusinessrequirementsintoacommonlanguagetobesharedbyusers
anddevelopers,anddescribesthefeaturesetand/orusagescenariosthatthesolutionmust
encompass.Conceptualdesignisanalogoustotheroughsketchesandscenarioscreated
whendesigningahouse.Theseareeasilyunderstoodmodelsjointlycreatedbythe
customerandthearchitect.
conceptualmodel(n)~Atoolusedintheanalysisphaseofsoftwaredevelopmenttohelp
decomposeaproblemintoindividualconceptsorobjectsandclarifythevocabularyofthe
domain.
conceptualmodel(n)~Anabstractspecificationfortheentitytypes,associations,entity
containers,entitysets,andassociationsetsinthedomainofanapplicationbuiltonan
EntityDataModel.
conceptualschemadefinitionlanguage(n)~AnXML-basedlanguagethatisusedto
definetheentitytypes,associations,entitycontainers,entitysets,andassociationsetsofa
conceptualmodel.
Concierge(PN)~ASurfaceapplicationfromMicrosoftwhereyoucancreatemapsand
menusforuserstonavigate,andyoucanhighlightspecificlocations,suchasyourvenue
locationsandlocationsinthesurroundingarea.Userscanbrowselocationsbycategories,
viewthelocationsonamap,browsethemap,andfinddrivingdirectionstothelocations.
ConciergeAdministrationwizard(n)~ThewizardthatyouusetoconfigureConcierge
initiallyandlateron.
concordancefile(n)~Anindexfilewithtwocolumns:thefirstcolumnliststhetextinthe
documentthatyouwanttoindex,andthesecondcolumnliststheindexentriestogenerate
fromthetextinthefirstcolumn.
concreteclass(n)~InWindowsManagementInstrumentation(WMI),aclassfromwhich
youcancreateaninstancebecauseithasafullimplementation.
concretepool(n)~Astoragepoolcreatedfromdisksinaprimordialpool.
concurrency(n)~Aprocessthatallowsmultipleuserstoaccessandchangeshareddataat
thesametime.TheEntityFrameworkimplementsanoptimisticconcurrencymodel.
concurrencymodel(n)~Awayinwhichanapplicationcanbedesignedtoaccountfor
concurrentoperationsthatusethesamecacheddata.WindowsServerAppFabricsupports
optimisticandpessimisticconcurrencymodels.
ConcurrencyRuntime(n)~AconcurrentprogrammingframeworkforC++that
simplifiesparallelprogrammingandhelpsdeveloperswriterobust,scalable,and
responsiveparallelapplications.
ConcurrencyVisualizerCollectionToolsforVisualStudio2013(n)~Acollectionof
toolsdesignedforVisualStudio2013,whichsignificantlyreducestheburdenofparallel
performanceanalysisandcanhelpdevelopersanalyzetheirsequentialapplicationsto
discoveropportunitiesforparallelism.
concurrent~Awaytomeasuretheusageofsoftwarelicenses.Ratherthanlimitingusage
basedonthenumberofpeoplewhoareentitledtousethesoftware,aconcurrent-use
licenseplacesalimitonthenumberofpeoplewhomaydososimultaneously.
concurrentexecution(n)~Theapparentlysimultaneousexecutionoftwoormore
routinesorprograms.Concurrentexecutioncanbeaccomplishedonasingleprocessorby
usingtime-sharingtechniques,suchasdividingprogramsintodifferenttasksorthreadsof
execution,orbyusingmultipleprocessors.
condition(n)~Thestateofanexpressionoravariable(forexample,whenaresultcanbe
eithertrueorfalse,orequalornotequal).
condition(n)~Anillnessorotherdefectivestateofhealth.
conditioncode(n)~Oneofasetofbitsthatareseton(1,ortrue)oroff(0,orfalse)asthe
resultofpreviousmachineinstructions.Thetermisusedprimarilyinassemblyor
machinelanguagesituations.Conditioncodesarehardware-specificbutusuallyinclude
carry,overflow,zeroresult,andnegativeresultcodes.
conditional(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofanactionoroperationthattakes
placebasedonwhetherornotacertainconditionistrue.
conditionalbranch(n)~Anelementofworkflowlogicthatdefinesanalternative
conditionandactionoradditionalsteps,incaseswhenthecriteriainaconditionelement
arenotmet.Alogical‘else-if-then’statementinaworkflow.
conditionalexpression(n)~AnexpressionthatyieldsaBooleanvalue(trueorfalse).
Suchexpressionscaninvolvecomparisons(testingvaluesforequalityor,fornon—​Booleanvalues,the<[lessthan]or>[greaterthan]relation)andlogicalcombination
(usingBooleanoperatorssuchasAND,OR,andXOR)ofBooleanexpressions.
conditionalfilter(n)~AfilterthatallowsOperationsManagertoevaluatefurtherrules
butdoesnotinserteventsintothedatabaseunlessanotherrulematchoccurs.
conditionalfiltering(n)~Filteringafieldtoshowthetoporbottomnitemsbasedona
total.Forexample,youcouldfilterforthethreecitiesthatgeneratedthemostsalesorthe
fiveproductsthatareleastprofitable.
conditionalformat(n)~Aformat,suchascellshadingorfontcolor,thatExcel
automaticallyappliestocellsifaspecifiedconditionistrue.
conditionalformatting(n)~Formattingthatisappliedtocellcontents,formcontrols,
Outlookitemsorotherdatabasedononeormorelogicalconditions.
conditionalprimitivepreprocessing(n)~Alteringofstringsbasedontherequirements
ofindividualscriptengines.
conditionalprintcontrolcode(n)~Acodeinacolumndefinitionthatdisplaysordoes
notdisplayaspecifiedcolumn,dependingoncertainvariablesorvaluesinthecolumn
definition.Ifthevaluesorvariablesinthespecifiedreportcolumndonotmeetthe
conditionsofthecode,thecolumnisnotdisplayedorprintedinthereport.
conditionalreport(n)~Areportthatdisplaysorsuppressesportionsofthedataaccording
towhetherspecifiedconditionsaremet.
conditionalsalestax(n)~Asalestaxthatisreportedtothetaxauthoritywhentheinvoice
ispaid,incontrasttonormalsalestax,whichisreportedwhentheinvoiceiscreated.
conditionalspanningheader(n)~Aheaderinareportthatisautomaticallyupdatedeach
timethereportisgenerated,accordingtothebaseperiodthatisdefinedinthecolumn
definition.
conditionalsplit(n)~Arestoreofafulldatabasebackup,themostrecentdifferential
databasebackup(ifany),andthelogbackups(ifany)takensincethefulldatabase
backup.-
conditionalsumformula(n)~Aformulathatwillsumasetofvaluesthatmeetspecified
conditions.
conditionalvisibility(n)~Atypeofconditionalformattingthatallowsyoutospecify
whenacontrolisvisibleontheform.
conditions(n)~Asetofspecifiedconstraintsandparametersthatarepartoftherights
groupbundledintoarightslabel.Theseareenforcedatthetimeofconsumption.
coneangle(n)~Theanglebetweentheedgesofthespotlight’sbeam.Ifyoushinea
flashlightontheground,youwillnoticethatitdoesnotlightthegroundevenly,butthat
thelightgetsdimmerthefartherfromthecenteritgets.Theconeangledetermineshow
quicklythisfalloffhappens.
conechart(n)~Avariationonacolumnchartthatusesconeshapesinsteadofrectangular
columns.
Conference(n)~Atoolbarbuttonthatprovidestheuserwiththeservicethatallowsthree
ormorepersonstoconversetogetherinaphonecall.
Conference(PN)~Ascreenshowinganactiveconferencecall.
conference(n)~Aconversationbetweenthreeormorepeople,wherethecommunications
technologyisunknownornotspecified.
conference(n)~Atelephoneconversationbetweenthreeormorepeople.
Conference(PN)~Anassociationofsportsteamsthatplayeachother.
ConferenceAnnouncementService(PN)~Theservicethatimplementsin-conference
servicesformultiplePSTNusersatthesametime.Forexample,itcanbeusedtoplayan
entryorexittonetomultiplePSTNusersatthesametime.
conferencecall(n)~Atelephoneconversationbetweenthreeormorepeople.
conferencecenter(n)~Theserverlocation,specifiedbyaURL,forallLiveMeeting
sessionsconductedwithinanorganization.
ConferenceID(PN)~Afieldlabelfortheidentifierofaconferencethatisconducted
throughaconferencingserviceprovider.
conferencemode(n)~AGroovetalktooloptionthatallowsallmemberswhoselectitto
doaudio-chatatonceinsteadofoneatatime.
conferenceresource(n)~AMicrosoftExchangemailboxthatallocatesaspecificnumber
ofconnections.Theresourceservesasavirtualroomforyouronlinemeeting.Youinvite
theresourcetoanonlinemeetingjustasyouwouldreservearoomforameeting.
ConferencingAdd-inforMicrosoftOfficeOutlook(PN)~AMicrosoftOutlookadd-in
thatallowsyoutoscheduleaLiveMeetingorLyncorOfficeCommunicatorconference
callfromOutlook.
ConferencingAdd-inforMicrosoftOutlook(PN)~AMicrosoftOutlookadd-inthat
allowsyoutoscheduleaLiveMeetingorLyncorOfficeCommunicatorconferencecall
fromOutlook.
ConferencingAnnouncementservice(n)~Aunifiedcommunicationsapplicationthat
playstonesandpromptsoncertainactions,suchaswhenconferenceparticipantsenteror
leaveaconference,andwhenparticipantsaremutedorunmuted.Thisserviceis
automaticallyinstalledandactivatedbydefaultwhenyoudeployaConferencing
workloadandselectthedial-inconferencingoption.
ConferencingAttendant(PN)~Theserverapplicationthatmakesitpossibleforan
enterpriseuserwithoutaccesstoaunifiedcommunicationsclienttouseaPSTNphoneto
dialintoascheduledconference.ConferencingAttendantalsoprovidessuchauserwith
basicconferencecontrols.
conferencinginformation(n)~Theidentifier,password,andanyotherinformationthata
userneedstoparticipateinaconferencethatisconductedthroughaconferencingservice
provider.
ConferencingServerFactory(n)~Aservercomponentthatallocatesconferencing
serverstoameetingandreturnstheirURLstothemeetingFocus.
conferencingservice(n)~Aninternallyorexternallyhostedserviceforuserstohost
multipartyconferencesfromtheircomputers.
conferencingserviceprovider(n)~Anorganizationthatprovidescomputeraudio
conferenceservices,whichallowmorethantwopeopletoparticipateinaconferenceover
theircomputer’sInternetconnection.
confidentiality(n)~Abasicsecurityfunctionofcryptographythatensuresthatonly
authorizeduserscanreadoruseconfidentialorsecretinformation.Without
confidentiality,anyonewithnetworkaccesscanusereadilyavailabletoolstoeavesdrop
onnetworktrafficandinterceptvaluableproprietaryinformation.Forexample,anInternet
Protocolsecurityserviceensuresthatamessageisdisclosedonlytointendedrecipientsby
encryptingthedata.
configfile(n)~Afilethatcontainsmachine-readableoperatingspecificationsforapiece
ofhardwareorsoftwareorthatcontainsinformationonanotherfileoronaspecificuser,
suchastheuser’slogonID.
configset(n)~Afileandfolderstructurethatcontainsthenecessaryfilesand/or
configurationsettingsthatcontrolthepreinstallationprocessanddefinethemanufacturers’
custominformation.
configuration(n)~Theentireinterconnectedsetofhardware,orthewayinwhicha
networkislaidout—themannerinwhichelementsareconnected.
configuration(n)~Inreferencetoasinglemicrocomputer,thesumofasystem’sinternal
andexternalcomponents,includingmemory,diskdrives,keyboard,video,andgenerally
lesscriticaladd-onhardware,suchasamouse,modem,orprinter.Software(theoperating
systemandvariousdevicedrivers),theuser’schoicesestablishedthroughconfiguration
filessuchastheAUTOEXEC.BATandCONFIG.SYSfilesonIBMPCsandcompatibles,
andsometimeshardware(switchesandjumpers)areneededtoconfigurethe
configuration’toworkcorrectly.Althoughsystemconfigurationcanbechanged
configuration(n)~Thearrangementofparts,options,orfeaturestoproduceaproduct
thatmeetsaspecification,suchasacustomerorder.
Configuration(n)~Administrativeoptionsthatcontroltheinterfaceandfunctionalityof
theServiceDeskandSupportPortal.
configurationcontrol(n)~Theprocessofensuringthattheproductsenttothecustomer
isdesignedandarrangedasthecustomerspecified.
configurationdatabase(n)~TheMicrosoftSQLServer,MSDE,orWindowsInternal
databasethatcontainstheconfigurationinformationthatappliesacrossallserversina
deploymentofSharePointProductsandTechnologies,suchasWebapplication
information.
Configurationdatabaseservername(n)~AUIelement.Thenameoftheserveron
whichtheConfigurationdatabaseishoused.
configurationevent(n)~Aneventduringwhichimportantchangesaremadetothe
configurationstatewhichappreciablyhelpordegradetheabilityofenduserstodiagnose
softwareorhardwareproblems.
ConfigurationExport(PN)~Afeaturethatallowsadministratorstheabilitytobackup
andreplicatetheirconfiguration.
configurationfile(n)~Afilethatcontainsmachine-readableoperatingspecificationsfor
apieceofhardwareorsoftwareorthatcontainsinformationonanotherfileorona
specificuser,suchastheuser’slogonID.
configurationfile(n)~AnXMLfilewiththe.configfilenameextensionthatcontains
settingsforanapplication,Website,orserver.Commonconfigurationfilesinclude
Machine.configandWeb.config.
ConfigurationFramework(n)~Agenericmethodforprovidingchangesto
configurationatsetup.InconjunctionwiththeMicrosoftWindowsInstaller(MSI),the
ConfigurationFrameworkdeterminesthestateofyourcomputerandtheconfiguration
tasksrequiringaction.
configurationgroup(n)~Thelistofcomponentsinabillofmaterials(BOM)thatareto
beusedtogethertoproduceaparentitem.
configurationinheritance(n)~Theadoptionofconfigurationsettingsbyanobjectina
hierarchyfromanobjectthatishigherinthathierarchy.Forexample,aservicecaninherit
itsconfigurationsettingsfromtheapplication,Website,orserverwithwhichitis
associated.
configurationitem(n)~Anycomponentthatneedstobemanagedtodeliveraservice.In
ServiceManager,configurationitemsmightincludeservices,hardware,software,
buildings,people,andformaldocumentation,suchasprocessdocumentationandservice
levelagreements(SLA).
configurationitemclass(n)~Acollectionofconfigurationitems.Groupscancontain
membersofdifferentconfigurationitemsclasses(forexample,acomputerandauser).
configurationmanagement(n)~Theprocessofidentifyinganddefiningconfiguration
itemsinasystem,recordingandreportingthestatusofconfigurationitemsandrequests
forchange,andverifyingthecompletenessandcorrectnessofconfigurationitems.
ConfigurationManager(n)~TheWindowsPlugandPlaysystemcomponentthatdrives
theprocessoflocatingdevices,settinguptheirnodesinthehardwaretree,andrunningthe
resourcesallocationprocess.Eachofthethreephasesofconfigurationmanagement—boot
time,realmode,andprotectedmode—havetheirownconfigurationmanagers.
ConfigurationManager(n)~AnadministrativetoolincludedinDuetSettingsManager.
UserswithAdministratorprivilegesontheDuetclientcomputercanusethistooltoset
andmodifytheconfigurationsettingsfortheDuetclientcomponents.
ConfigurationManagerAdministratorconsole(n)~Theprimaryinterfacethatyouuse
toadministerConfigurationManager.
ConfigurationManagerApplicationCatalog(n)~Theweb-basedviewofthe
applicationsthatareavailableforausertosearch,browse,request,andinstall.
ConfigurationManagerclient(n)~AcomputerrunningConfigurationManagerclient
components.AclientcanbefurthercategorizedaseitheraLegacyClientoranAdvanced
Client.
ConfigurationManagerclientpolicy(n)~ConfigurationdetailsfortheConfiguration
ManagerClientthatareprovidedafterclientinstallation.
ConfigurationManagercollection(n)~AsetofresourcesinaConfigurationManager
site.Collectionsareusedtodistributesoftware,viewhardwareandsoftwareinventoriesof
clients,andaccessclientsforremotecontrolsessions.
ConfigurationManagerhardwareinventory(n)~AConfigurationManagerfeaturethat
automaticallygathersinformationabouthardwareonLegacyClientcomputersina
ConfigurationManagersite.
ConfigurationManagerhealthstatereference(n)~Areferencethatispublishedto
ActiveDirectorytorefertoConfigurationManagerNAPpolicyandstoredfortheSystem
HealthValidator(SHV)touseindeterminingpolicycompliance.
ConfigurationManagerhierarchy(n)~Acollectionofoneor,typically,more
ConfigurationManagersitesboundtogetherviachild-parentrelationships.
ConfigurationManagerinventory(n)~AConfigurationManagerfeaturethat
automaticallygathersinformationabouthardwareandsoftwareonAdvancedClient
computersinaConfigurationManagersite.
ConfigurationManagerobject(n)~AcomponentusedinConfigurationManager
softwaredistributionandsoftwareupdates—forexample,collections,advertisements,
programs,packages,deployments,andsoon.
ConfigurationManagerresource(n)~Anobject(suchasacomputer,arouter,orauser
group)thatcanbediscoveredandpotentiallybecomeaConfigurationManagerclientand
bemanagedbyConfigurationManager.Resourcesandclientscanbeorganizedinto
collections.
ConfigurationManagersite(n)~AcollectionofclientsandConfigurationManagersite
systemsthatareboundedbyagroupofsubnets,suchasIPsubnetsoranActiveDirectory
site,andthatarespecifiedbyaConfigurationManageradministratorasasite.
ConfigurationManagersitedatabase(n)~AMicrosoftSQLServerdatabasethatstores
ConfigurationManagersitedata,suchasdiscoverydata,configurationdata,andstatus
messagesandinventorydata.EveryprimarysitehasaConfigurationManagersite
database.TheserversupportingtheConfigurationManagersitedatabaseisautomatically
assignedthesitedatabaseserverrole.
ConfigurationManagerSoftwareCenter(n)~Theend-userprogramthatallowsthe
usertosetpreferencesforhowtheirsoftwareisinstalled.Enduserscanalsouse
ConfigurationManagerSoftwareCentertorequest,install,remove,andmonitorthe
softwarethatisdeployedbyusingSystemCenter2012ConfigurationManager.
ConfigurationManagersoftwaredistribution(n)~AConfigurationManagerfeature
thatautomaticallydistributessoftwareprogramstoclientcomputersinaConfiguration
Managerhierarchy.
ConfigurationManagersoftwareinventory(n)~
configurationobject(n)~Agenericuser-definedinstanceofanyofthedifferentkindsof
configurationsinILM2’
ConfigurationRole(PN)~AtypeofrolewithinSocialEngagementthatdefinesthe
permissionsauserhaswhensettingupsearchesandanalyzingtheresultingdata.
configurationroute(n)~Thesequenceinwhichconfigurationgroupsareselectedduring
theproductionprocess.
configurationrule(n)~Arulethatlimitstheitemsthatcanbecombinedtoproducea
manufacturedproduct.Aconfigurationruleappliestoaconfigurationgroup.
configurationsectionhandler(n)~Aclassthatimplementsthe
IConfigurationSectionHandlerinterface.Configurationsectionhandlerscontain
informationthatCommerceServer.NET-basedapplicationsreadatruntimetoconfigure
applicationsettings.
configurationset(n)~Afileandfolderstructurethatcontainsthenecessaryfilesand/or
configurationsettingsthatcontrolthepreinstallationprocessanddefinethemanufacturers’
custominformation.
configurationset(n)~AsetofActiveDirectoryLightweightDirectoryServices(AD
LDS)instancesthatshareandreplicatetheirconfigurationandschemapartitionsandthat
canalsobeconfiguredtoshareandreplicateapplicationdirectorypartitions.
configurationvariable(n)~Avariablethatspecifiesatestingrequirement,suchasa
hardwareorsoftwarerequirement.Eachconfigurationvariablehasasetofallowable
valuesassociatedwithit.-
ConfigurationWizard(PN)~Thesemi-automatedtoolforplanningandexecuting
directorysynchronization.
configure(v)~Tosetuphardwareandsoftware.
ConfigureDataSourceWizard(n)~Agraphicalinterfacewhereprogrammerscandefine
theappropriatedetailstoconfigurethedatasourceinafeweasysteps.
configure-to-order(n)~Pertainingtotheprocessofmanufacturingacomputeraccording
toacustomer`sspecificationbycustomizingapre-existingimageofamasterinstallation.
confirm(v)~Toacknowledgeanactionorthevalueofsomedata(e.g.password)by
definiteassurance.
confirm(v)~Toaffirmthepastoccurrenceofaneventinasystem.
confirmationdialogbox(n)~Adialogboxinwhichauserconfirmsthatheorshewants
aspecifiedactiontooccur,usuallybyclickingOK.
confirmationmessage(n)~Analertthatisshowntoprompttheusertoagreetothe
actionbeingtaken.
confirmationofreceiptpolicy(n)~Apolicythatprescribesthefunctionallocationwhere
thephysicalacceptanceofitemstakesplace.
confirmationpage(n)~ApagethatisdisplayedinaWebbrowser,confirmingthatdata
enteredintoaformhasbeensuccessfullysubmitted.
Confirmationtimeout(PN)~Amenuitemthatallowstheusertosetthedelaybeforean
unconfirmedactiontimesout.
confirmedreceiptdate(n)~Thedatethesellingcompanyconfirmsthatacustomeror
vendorwillreceivethegoods.
confirmedshipdate(n)~Thedatethatthesellingpartyconfirmsthattheitemswillship
toacustomerorvendor.
conflict(n)~Anitemthathasbeenchangedonboththemobiledeviceanddesktop
computer.
conflict(n)~Theinabilitytoperformtwoormoreactivitiesbecausetheyhavebeen
scheduledtooccurduringthesametimeperiodandwiththesameresourceorresources.
conflictdetection(n)~Theprocessofdeterminingwhichoperationsweremadebyone
replicawithoutknowledgeoftheother,suchaswhentworeplicasmakelocalupdatesto
thesameitem.
conflictresolutionmethod(n)~Themethodthatisusedtodeterminewhichchangeis
writtentothestoreintheeventofaconflict.Typicalconflictresolutionmethodsareas
follows:lastwriterwins,sourcewins,destinationwins,custom,ordeferred.Forcustom
resolution,theresolvingapplicationreadstheconflictfromtheconflictlogandselectsa
resolution.Fordeferredresolution,theconflictisloggedtogetherwiththeconflicting
changedataandthemade-withknowledgeofthechange.
conflictresolver(n)~Aspecialmechanismwhichhandlesresolvingofconflictsituations.
conform(adj)~Tobeinaccordancewithrequirements,specifications,orexplicit
expectations.
conforming(Adverb)~Inaccordancewithrequirements,specifications,orexplicit
expectations.
CongestionController(PN)~AMediaCenterplug-inthatisusedforadvancednetwork
flowmanagement,andinparticulartoavoidorlimitnetworkcongestion.
connect(v)~Toassignadriveletter,port,orcomputernametoasharedresourcesothat
youcanuseit.
Connect(v)~Thenameofamenufromwhichtheusercansignin,signout,changesignininformation,andviewandmodifystatussettings.
connect(v)~Tojoinorlink.
connect(PN)~OneofthepivotsforacontactpinnedtoyourStartscreen,whereyoucan
findallyourappsthroughwhichyoucanconnectwiththatcontact.
connecttime(n)~Theamountoftimeduringwhichauserisactivelyconnectedtoa
remotecomputer.Oncommercialsystems,theconnecttimeisonemeansofcalculating
howmuchmoneytheusermustpayforusingthesystem.
ConnecttoaProjector(n)~AwizardthatispartoftheNetworkPresentationfeatureof
WindowsVista.Thiswizardfindsandconnectstoavailablenetwork-attachedprojectors
onthelocalnetwork.
ConnectedAccounts(PN)~AfeaturethatletsusersreceiveandsendmailfromotheremailaccountsinOutlookWebApp.Theycanaddanddeletethoseaccounts,checktheir
accountsynchronizationstatus,andmanagee-mailfromthoseaccountsintheirInbox
usingInboxrules.
connecteddatasource(n)~Adirectory,database,file,orotherdatarepositorythatis
typicallyoffsiteandthatneedstobeaccessedremotely.
ConnectedFrames(n)~AWindowsfeaturethatenablesdevelopersanddesignersto
buildpaginatedcontent.TheycantakeasinglestreamofHTMLcontentcontainingtext
andimages,andsegmentthatstreamintomultiplecontainersdefinedinanHTML
templateacrossmultiplepages.ConnectedFramesprovidesadeclarativemechanismto
linkandflowHTMLcontentacrossafinitesetofframeswithvariablepositionandsizing
thathavebeendefinedeitherstaticallyordynamically.ConnectedFramesalsoprovidesa
setofprogrammaticinterfaceswhichallowdeveloperstodetectwhencontentoverflow
hasoccurredonaConnectedFrame,determinewhennomorecontentisavailablefor
fragmentation,exposestheentiredocumentassociatedwithasetofConnectedFrames,
andexposesfragmentcontentassociatedwithaspecificConnectedFrame.
connectedgraph(n)~Agraphwhereforanytwonodesinthegraph,thereisapath
betweenthembyfollowingedges.
connectednetwork(n)~InMSMQ,anetworkthatcontainscomputersthatareall
interconnected.
connectedobjectscope(n)~Afilterthatidentifiesobjecttypesfromasourcedirectory
basedonaparticularcondition,forexampleUsers,Computers,Printers.
connectedobjecttype(n)~TheobjecttypeintheconnectedsystemtowhichtheILM
objectsareconnected.
connectedstandby(n)~ThestatethatenablesaPCtoturnoninstantlyandhavetilesand
otherservicesupdateevenwhenthescreenisoff.
connectedsystemobjectcreationflag(n)~Aparameterofasynchronizationruleto
indicatewhetheranobjectshouldbecreatedintheconnectorspaceiftherelationship
criteriaarenotmet.
connectedsystemscope(n)~Afilterthatdefineswhatobjectsontheconnectedsystemto
includeinthetargetsystem.
connectedTV(n)~ATVthatisconnectedtoyourWindowsMediaCenterwithaMedia
CenterExtender,suchastheXbox360,toenableyoutoshareentertainmentthroughout
yourhome.
connecteduser(n)~Auserwhohasaccesstoacomputeroraresourceacrossthe
network.
connection(n)~Alinkviawire,radio,fiber-opticcable,orothermediumbetweentwoor
morecommunicationsdevices.
connection(n)~Someonewithwhomauserhasestablishedamutualsocialrelationship
onathird-partyservicethatreferstosucharelationshipasaconnection.
connectionaccount(n)~AnaccountthatprovidesaccesstoaresourcesuchasaWebsite
oradatabase.
connectionagreement(n)~AconfigurablesectionintheADCuserinterfacethatholds
informationsuchastheservernamestocontactforsynchronization,objectclassesto
synchronize,targetcontainers,andthesynchronizationschedule.
ConnectionDirector(PN)~Aconnectivitytechnologywhereapplicationsbasedon
differentdataaccesstechnologies(.NETornativeWin32)cansharethesameconnection
information.Connectioninformationcanbecentrallymanagedforsuchclient
applications.
ConnectionFilteragent(n)~Ananti-spamagentthatisenabledoncomputersthathave
theMicrosoftExchangeServer2007EdgeTransportserverroleinstalled.
ConnectionManager(PN)~Anareathatshowsavailablenetworkconnectionsandhelps
usersquicklyconnecttothemostappropriateone.
connectionmanager(n)~Alogicalrepresentationofarun-timeconnectiontoadata
source.
ConnectionManagerAdministrationKit(PN)~Atoolforcreating,editing,and
managingConnectionManagerprofiles.TheConnectionManagerisaclientdialer.
connectionobject(n)~AnActiveDirectoryobjectthatrepresentsareplication
connectionfromonedomaincontrollertoanother.Theconnectionobjectisachildofthe
replicationdestinationsNTDSSettingsobjectandidentifiesthereplicationsourceserver,
containsareplicationschedule,andspecifiesareplicationtransport.Connectionobjects
arecreatedautomaticallybytheKnowledgeConsistencyChecker(KCC),buttheycan
alsobecreatedmanually.Automaticallygeneratedconnectionsmustnotbemodifiedby
theuserunlesstheyarefirstconvertedintomanualconnections.
connectionpoint(n)~Ahandleonashapetowhichyoucangluetheendpointsofa1-D
shapesuchasaconnectorshape.
connectionpoint(n)~ASystem.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.ConnectionPointobject
associatedwiththeproviderandconsumercontrolsthatparticipateinWebParts
connections.Aconnectionpointmanagestheexchangeofdatabetweenthecontrols.
Providersandconsumerseachhavetheirownconnectionpoints.
connectionspeed(n)~Themaximumrate,inbitspersecond,atwhichdatacanbe
transferredbetweenanetworkandacomputerordevice.
connectionstring(n)~Aseriesofargumentsthatdefinethelocationofaresourceand
howtoconnecttoit.
connectionstring(n)~Astringthatcontainstheparametersnecessarytoaccessa
MicrosoftAzurestorageaccount.
connectiontimeout(n)~Theamountoftimeallottedforaconnectiontothedatabaseto
takeplace,whichwhenreachedcausesanerrormessagetobegeneratedanddisplayedin
theWebbrowser.
connectiontype(n)~ThetypeofWebPartconnection.Forexample,theProvideRowTo
connectiontypepassesarowofdatafromoneWebParttoanotherWebPart.
connectionless(adj)~Incommunications,of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofamethod
ofdatatransmissionthatdoesnotrequireadirectconnectionbetweentwonodesononeor
morenetworks.Connectionlesscommunicationisachievedbypassing,orrouting,data
packets,eachofwhichcontainsasourceanddestinationaddress,throughthenodesuntil
thedestinationisreached.
connectivity(n)~Theabilityofhardwaredevicesorsoftwarepackagestotransmitdata
betweenotherdevicesorpackages.
connectivity(n)~Theabilityofhardwaredevices,softwarepackages,oracomputeritself
toworkwithnetworkdevicesorwithotherhardwaredevices,softwarepackages,ora
computeroveranetworkconnection.
ConnectivityExplorer(n)~Awindowthatshowspipelinecomponentsandall
componentstowhichthepipelineisconnected.
connector(n)~Asoftwarecomponentdesignedtosupportconnectionsbetweenproducts.
connector(n)~Inprogramming,acircularsymbolusedinaflowcharttoindicateabreak,
astoanotherpage.
connector(n)~Inhardware,acouplerusedtojoincablesortojoinacabletoadevice
(forexample,anRS-232-Cconnectorusedtojoinamodemcabletoacomputer).Most
connectortypesareavailableinoneoftwogenders—maleorfemale.Amaleconnectoris
characterizedbyoneormoreexposedpins;afemaleconnectorischaracterizedbyoneor
morereceptacles—socketsorjacks—designedtoacceptthepinsonthemaleconnector.
Connector(n)~Acommunicationsserviceusedtoexchangedocumentswithyourtrading
partnersoryourinternalsystems.
connector(n)~Anyone-dimensional(1-D)shapethatcanbegluedbetweentwoshapes
inadrawingtoconnecttheshapes.
connectorapplication(n)~ForMessageQueuing,anapplicationthatenablesMessage
Queuingcomputerstocommunicatewithcomputersthatuseothermessagingsystems.
connectorframework(n)~Asoftwarecomponentthatcanbeusedtoconnecttoadata
source,andindexandincludedatafromthatsourceinsearchresults.
connectorpoint(n)~AnelementintheOrchestrationDesignerthatenablesusersto
connectaSend/Receiveshapewiththeoperationofaport.
connectorqueue(n)~ForMessageQueuing,aqueuecreatedonserversrunninga
connectorapplication.Youcanusetheconnectorapplicationtoexchangemessageswith
computersthatarerunningothermessage-queuingproducts.
connectorspace(n)~Astagingareathatcontainsrepresentationsofselectedobjectsand
attributesinaconnecteddatasource.
connectorspaceobject(n)~Anobjectintheconnectorspacethatiseithercreatedbya
dataimportfromtheconnecteddatasourceorbyprovisioning.Theseobjectshold
attributevaluesthatcanbeimportedorexportedfromcorrespondingobjectsinthe
connecteddatasourceorthemetaverse.
consentprompt(n)~Adialogboxthatappearswhenauserisrequestedtoconfirm
whetheranadministrativeprocessshouldbepermittedtostart.Theusercanapprovethe
processbyclickingContinueorcanceltheprocessbyclickingCancel.
consistency(n)~Theabilityofatransactiontochangeasystemfromoneconsistentstate
toanotherconsistentstate.
consistencycheck(n)~TheprocessbywhichDPMchecksforandcorrects
inconsistenciesbetweenaprotectedvolumeanditsreplica.Aconsistencycheckis
performedonlywhennormalmechanismsforrecordingchangestoprotectedvolumesand
forapplyingthosechangestoreplicashavebeeninterrupted.
consistencyunit(n)~Theminimalunitofdatasynchronization.Becauseallchangesthat
havethesameconsistencyunitaresenttogether,synchronizationcanneverbeinterrupted
withpartofaconsistencyunitapplied.
consistencyunit(n)~Theboundaryofdatathatiskeptconsistentforagivenserviceand
canbemovedaroundintheclusterduetofailoversandloadbalancing.
console(n)~Aframeworkforhostingadministrativetools,suchasMicrosoft
ManagementConsole(MMC).Aconsoleisdefinedbytheitemsinitsconsoletree,which
mightincludefoldersorothercontainers,WorldWideWebpages,andother
administrativeitems.Aconsolehaswindowsthatcanprovideviewsoftheconsoletree
andtheadministrativeproperties,services,andeventsthatareactedonbytheitemsinthe
consoletree.
Console~Nowadaysusuallyreferstoadedicatedgamingcomputersuchasthe
PlaystationorX-Box.Originallymeantaterminalconnectedtoamainframecomputer.
consoleroot(n)~ThetopnodeinanMMCsavedview(.mscfile).
consolescope(n)~IntheOperationsManagerOperationsConsole,adefinitionoftheset
ofcomputergroupsforindividualOperationsManagerusers.Aconsolescopelimitsthe
usertoseeingonlythosecomputersthatareinthecomputergroupsassociatedwiththe
consolescope.
consoletree(n)~TheleftpaneinMicrosoftManagementConsole(MMC)thatdisplays
theitemscontainedintheconsole.Theitemsintheconsoletreeandtheirhierarchical
organizationdeterminethecapabilitiesofaconsole.
consolidate(v)~Inlogging,tomergetheinformationwrittentodifferentlogfilesina
singlelogfileor,moretypically,toadatabase(suchasaSQLServerdatabase)thatcanbe
processedbyloganalysistools.
consolidatedinvoice(n)~Avendorinvoicethatdocumentsasumofproductquantities
andmonetaryamountsfrommorethanonereferencedvendorinvoice.
consolidatedorder(n)~Asourcedocumentthatdocumentsmorethanonereferenced
order.
consolidatedproject(n)~Aprojectcontainingoneormoreinsertedprojects.Thesecan
retainlinkstotheirsourceprojectsandmaybelinkedtooneanother.
consolidatedsourcedocument(n)~Asourcedocumentthatdocumentsasumofproduct
quantitiesandmonetaryamountsfrommorethanonereferencedsourcedocumentofthe
sameclass.
consolidation(n)~Theprocessofproducinganaccountingoftheearningsofaparent
companyanditssubsidiaries,postacquisition,wheretheparentisthecompanywith
controllinginterest.
consolidationaccount(n)~Themainaccountintheparentlegalentitythatisusedfor
ledgerconsolidation.
consolidationopportunity(n)~Apotentialcost-savingseventobtainedbygrouping
approvedrequisitionlineitemsinordertonegotiateamorefavorablepricewithvendors.
Consolidator(PN)~InMOM2000,afeaturethatcollectsandsendscollected
informationfromagentsthroughtheDAStothedatabase.
constant(n)~Anumericorstringvaluethatisnotcalculatedand,therefore,doesnot
change.
constantattenuation(n)~Theintensityofabeamoflightthatdoesnotdiminishasit
getsfurtherfromthelightsource.
constantbitrate(n)~Acharacteristicofadatastreaminwhichthebitrateremains
nearlyuniformforthedurationofthestream.
constantbuffer(n)~Asingle-elementvertexbufferthatallowsdeveloperstoefficiently
supplyshaderconstantsdatatothepipelineandstoretheresultsofthestream-output
stage.
constantconsumption(n)~Specificationthatthevolumeorquantityofacomponent
usedinafinisheditemisfixed,regardlessofthenumberofitemsproducedorreportedas
finished.
constantexpression(n)~Anexpressionthatiscomposedonlyofconstantsand,hence,
whosevaluedoesnotchangeduringprogramexecution.
constantscrap(n)~Thequantityofaparticularcomponentthatisexpectedtobe
scrappedduringproductionregardlessofthenumberofitemsproduced.
constituent(n)~Apersonwhoisassociatedwith,orwhoisamemberof,anon-profit
organization.
constrainedcall(n)~Amethodforinvocationofinterfacemethodsonvaluetypes.
constraineddelegation(n)~Theabilitytospecifythataserviceorcomputeraccountcan
performKerberosdelegationtoalimitedsetofservices.
constrainedfield(n)~Afieldthathascertainrestrictions,suchasnoimagesallowed.
constraint(n)~Alimitationorarestriction.
ConstraintService(n)~AserviceresponsibleforansweringHWSconstraints-related
queryingbyevaluatingconstraintclausesthatarebasedonfactsprovidedbythefactstore
managerandtherelevantfactretrievers.
constraintviolation(n)~Aviolationthatoccurswhentherestrictioncriteriaarenot
satisfied.
Constraint-basedconfiguration(n)~Aconfigurationtechnologythatusesconstraintsto
developproductmastersandtoconfiguredistinctproducts.
construct(n)~Astructuredpieceofcodeformedfromvarioussyntaxelements.Examples
areexpressions(try…with,if…then…else,etc.),functiondefinitions(let…=…),and
typedeclarations(type…=…).
constructedgenerictype(n)~Agenerictypewhosegenerictypeparametershavebeen
specified.Aconstructedtypeormethodcanbeanopengenerictypeifsomeofitstype
argumentsaretypeparametersofenclosingtypesormethods,oraclosedgenerictypeif
allofitstypeargumentsarerealtypes.
constructor(n)~Aspecialinitializationfunctionthatiscalledautomaticallywheneveran
instanceofaclassisdeclared.Thisfunctionpreventserrorsthatresultfromtheuseof
uninitializedobjects.Theconstructormusthavethesamenameastheclassitselfandmust
notreturnavalue.
constructorstring(n)~Aninitializationstringthatisadministrativelyspecifiedfora
component.Itispossibletospecifyaconstructorstringwhenacomponenthasbeen
writtenspecificallytorecognizethestring.
consult(v)~Toconferwiththecallrecipientbeforetransferringacalloraddingthecall
recipienttoaconferencecall.
consume(PN)~Apostingwhichregisterswhichitemswereused,howmuchtimewas
spentandwhatcostswereincurredforaservice.Thistypeofpostingdoesnotincreasethe
amountforwhichthecustomerwillbeinvoiced.
consumed(adj)~Pertainingtotheitemsused,timespentandcostsincurredduring
servicingthatarenotincludedintheinvoicetothecustomer.
consume-firstmode(n)~Oneofthetwostatementcompletionmodesthatareprovided
byIntelliSense.Consume-firstmodeisusedwhenclassesandmembersareusedbefore
theyaredefined.
consumer(n)~InaWebPartsconnection,aservercontrolthatreceivesdatafroma
providercontrolandprocessesordisplaysit.Aconsumercanbeanytypeofserver
control,butmustbedesignedtofunctionasaconsumer.Aconsumermusthaveaspecial
callbackmethodmarkedwithaConnectionConsumerAttributeattributeinthesource
code.Thismethodreceivesdatafromtheproviderintheformofaninterfaceinstance.
consumerendpoint(n)~Anendpointwhereanapplicationorsystemusesaservice.
consumergood(n)~Agoodthatiscreatedforconsumeruserratherthanbusinessuse.
consumption(n)~Theitemsused,timespentandcostsincurredduringservicingthatare
notincludedintheinvoicetothecustomer.
consumptiondepreciationmethod(n)~Amethodofdepreciationbasedontheusageof
theasset.
consumptionfactor(n)~Afactor,specifiedasaquantityorpercentage,thatisusedto
calculatedepreciationproposalsforvaluemodelsassociatedwithdepreciablefixedassets.
consumptionstatement(n)~Areportoftheconsumedcostforaproject.
consumptionunit(n)~Aunitthatisusedtoenterunitpriceandcalculatedepreciation
proposalsforvaluemodelsassociatedwithdepreciablefixedassets.
contact(n)~Aperson,insideoroutsideyourorganization,forwhomyouhavecreatedan
entrywhereyoucansaveseveraltypesofinformation,suchasstreetande-mailaddresses,
telephoneandfaxnumbers,andWebpageURLs.
contact(n)~Anindividualwhoisinterestedindoingbusinessorwhocurrentlydoes
businesswithyourorganization.Acontactmayormaynotbepartofalargerorganization
(account).
contact(n)~Apersonwhoseinformation,suchasIDoremailaddress,hasbeenaddedby
theusertotheircontactlistortoanaddressbook.
contact(n)~AnyinputontheSurfacescreenbyavalidinputtype(finger,blob,ortagged
object).
contactcard(n)~Apresentationofinformationaboutacontact,includingpresencestatus
andactivity.
ContactCenterDesktop(PN)~AnimplementationofUserInterfaceIntegration(UII)
intendedtofocusonMicrosoftDynamicsCRMastheprimaryhostedcontrol.
contactflyout(n)~Aflyoutthatprovidesinformationaboutacontactandallowstheuser
toconnectwiththecontactdirectlyfromanapp.
contactform(n)~Aviewofanindividualcontactthatcontainsalltheinformationstored
inthecontact.
contactgroup(n)~Acollectionofe-mailaddressesthatistreatedasasinglerecipientfor
e-maildistributionpurposes,andthatiscreatedbyandavailabletoanindividualOutlook
user.
contactgroup(n)~Auser-specifiedcollectionofcontacts.
Contactindex(n)~Asetofbuttonsusedtomovethroughcontactitemsdisplayedin
AddressCardsorDetailedAddressCardsview.TheContactindexmovesthefocustothe
firstcontactwhosenamebeginswiththeselectedcharacter.
Contactinfo(PN)~Thelinktothepagewhereusersenterinformationforthemethodsby
whichtheycanbecontacted,suchasMessenger,homephone,mobilephone,ande-mail.
contactinformation(n)~Information,suchasname,phonenumber,emailaddress,or
address,thatisusedtocontactsomeone.
contactitem(n)~AnitemthatrepresentsacontactintheExchangestore.
contactlinking(n)~Theprocessoflinkingcontactsthatrepresentthesameperson.This
enablesyoutoviewinformationfrommultiplecontactsinasinglecontactcard.
contactlist(n)~Alistofpeople,groups,ororganizationswithwhomyoucommunicate.
contactmanagement(n)~Theprocessofmanagingbusinessand/orsocialcontactsin
ordertofollowup,trackconversations,etc.
ContactManager(PN)~Afeaturethathelpssmallbusinessesbuild,track,andgrow
relationshipswithcustomers.Itenablesuserstoorganizecustomerrelationsandtosetup
acentralizedlocationthatcoworkerscanaccessforcontactandsalesinformationabout
customersandorganizations.
contactnote(n)~Anannotationinaconversationwindowthatcontainscontact-specific
informationthatmaybeimportantforcallhandling.
contactobject(n)~Anobject,similartoauserinActiveDirectory,thatholdsOffice
CommunicationsServerconfigurationinformation,suchasitsroutingandstorage
settings.
contactperson(n)~Apersonwhoactsasaconnectiontoanotherorganizationorgroup,
orwhoprovidesspecialinformation.
contactperson(n)~Anindividualorapersoninanotherorganizationwhoworksforthe
companythatyouinteractwith.
contactpicker(n)~Acontactlistdesignedforusewithinaformforselectingcontacts.
Userscanclickacontacttoselectitandmaymakemultipleselectionsbyusing
CTRL+click.
ContactQuickForm(n)~UIbuttonthatallowsausertoopenaformtoeasilyenter
contactinformationwithoutopeningarecordform.
contactrequest(n)~AmessageaskingtoaddoraddingaSkypeusertoanotheruser’s
contactlist.
Contactrequests(PN)~ThetabontheFamilySafetywebsitethatdisplaysrequestsa
childhasmadeviae-mailtohavenewcontactsadded.
ContactSupport(PN)~?TheappexperiencebuiltintoWindowsthatgivescustomersa
waytocontactMicrosoftandthird-partysupportforhelpwiththeirPC.
Contacts(n)~EntriesintheAdministrationCenterformainpersonnel,technical
personnel,andbillingpersonnelwithinthespecifiedorganization.
Contacts(PN)~TheUIlabelinMessengerfortheresultslistofacontactssearch.
Contactslist(n)~Alistofpeople,groups,ororganizationswithwhomyoucommunicate.
containeddatabase(n)~ASQLServerdatabasethatincludesalloftheuser
authentication,databasesettings,andmetadatarequiredtodefineandaccessthedatabase,
andhasnoconfigurationdependenciesontheinstanceoftheSQLServerDatabaseEngine
wherethedatabaseisinstalled.
containedsubgroup(n)~Agroupofcomputersthatisalsopartofanothergroup.
container(n)~Anabstractionforassociatingoneormoreentitiestoarelationaldatabase
orotherstore.
container(n)~Adirectoryobjectthatcancontainotherdirectoryobjects.InActive
Directory,theschemadefinitionofeachobjectclassdeterminesthetypesofobjectsthat
canbecontainersofinstancesoftheclass.
container(n)~Acontrolflowelementthatprovidespackagestructure.
container(n)~Ahandlingunitforshippingandreceivingitems.
container(n)~AnapplicationthatcontainsalinkedorembeddedOLEobjectfrom
anotherapplication.
container(n)~Alogicalgroupingofentityandassociationsets.
container(n)~Anobjectthatcancontainoneormorechildobjects.
container(n)~InHTMLorXHTML,atagpairthatcontainscontent(suchasa<p>tag)
asopposedtooneconsistingsolelyofthetagnameandattributes(standalonetags).
container(n)~AShellitemthatcancontainotheritems.
container(n)~Auser-definedsetofblobswithinastorageaccount.Acontainerresource
hasnoassociatedcontent,onlypropertiesandmetadata.
containerapplication(n)~AnapplicationthatcontainsalinkedorembeddedOLEobject
fromanotherapplication.
containercontrol(n)~AtypeofASP.NETmobilecontrolthatcontainsothercontrolsand
providesvisualgroupingsofcontrolsandcontent.
containerelement(n)~Anobjectthatcancontainoneormorechildobjects.
containerfile(n)~Filesthatcanholdotherkindsoffiles(suchas*.ZIP,*.RAR,and
*.JAR).Also,MicrosoftOfficefilesthatusestructuredstorageandtheOLEembedded
dataformat(forexample,*.DOC,*.XLS,*.PPT,*.SHS)areconsideredcontainerfiles.
containerformat(n)~Ametafileformatthatidentifiesandinterleavesdifferentdata
types,suchasaudioandvideostreams,subtitles,chapter-information,andmetadata(tags)
-€”alongwiththesynchronizationinformationneededtoplaythevariousstreams
together.
ContainerName(PN)~Inmailforwarding,thenameoftheobjectthatbundlese-mail
accountsforforwarding.
containerobject(n)~Anobjectthatcanlogicallycontainotherobjects.Forexample,a
folderisacontainerobject.
containmentrelationship(n)~Inamodel,theinclusionofoneobjectinasetofobjects
thatallhavesomethingincommon,toindicatesometypeofadministrativegrouping.
ContemporaryChristian(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenre
classificationinWindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatfor
MP3audiofiles.WinampgenreID#140.
contemporaryview(n)~ASharePointviewthatprovidesanoptimizedmobilebrowser
experienceforusersandrendersinHTML5.
content(n)~Thedatathatappearsbetweenthestartingandendingtagsofanelementin
anSGML,XML,orHTMLdocument.Thecontentofanelementmayconsistofplaintext
orotherelements.
content(n)~Audio,video,images,text,oranyotherinformationthatiscontainedina
digitalmediafileorstream.
content(n)~Theinformationinacampaignthatisintendedtobecommunicatedto
marketinglistmembersaboutthecampaign.Forexamplethiscontentcouldbethedialog
foraphonecallorthebodytextofane-mailmessage.
content(n)~Audio,video,images,text,oranyotherinformationthatpresentersshare
withparticipantsduringameeting,includingresources,collaborativeslides,andsharing
slides.
Content(PN)~AnoptionontheViewsmenuinWindowsExplorerthatshowsthemost
appropriatedetailsforthefiletypeinaflexiblelayoutratherthanonlyshowingthedetails
associatedwiththecolumnheadersintheview.
contentaccessaccount(n)~AnaccountusedtocrawlWebsites,serversandnetwork
resourcesincludedinacontentindex.
ContentAdvisor(n)~AtoolinMicrosoftInternetExplorerthatletsyoucontrolwhich
sitesusersonyourcomputercanvisit.Thisisparticularlyhelpfulforparentswhowantto
controlthecontenttheirchildrenviewontheWeb.
contentapp(n)~AnappforOfficethatisembeddedinthebodyofaclientapplication
window,inlinewithcontent.
contentappforOffice(n)~AnappforOfficethatisembeddedinthebodyofaclient
applicationwindow,inlinewithcontent.
contentapplication(n)~Anapplicationthatisusedtocreatecontent,suchasagraphic
designapplication,acomputer-aideddesignapplication,oranindustry-specificcontent
generatingapplication.
ContentbyQuery(PN)~AWebPartthatqueriesdatafrommultiplesourceswithinasite
collectionandpresentsthatdatainacustomview.
contentclass(n)~AWebStorageSystemcontentclassdefinestheintentorpurposeofan
itemalongwiththenamesofpropertiesthatareintendedforitemsinthisclass.
contentcontrol(n)~Acontroldesignedtocontaincontentsuchasplaceholderorsample
textorimagesthatisupdatedbytheuser,orpre-definedlistsofitemsfromwhichusers
canselect.
contentconversion(n)~Theprocessoftransforminge-mailmessagesfromoneformatto
anotherforthepurposeofmailfloworstorage,suchasMAPItoMIME,oruuencodeto
Base64encoded,orforappropriaterenderingthatisspecifictoane-mailclient,suchas
HTMLtoRTFtoplaintext.
contentdatabase(n)~TheMicrosoftSQLServerorWMSDEdatabasethatcontainsthe
contentforoneormoreSharePointsites.
contentdeliverynetwork(n)~Adistributedsystemofserversdeployedinmultipledata
centersthatcachecontentfromoriginserversandthenserveittocustomers.Thisaction
reducestheloadontheoriginserversandprovideshigh-availabilityandperformanceto
customers.
ContentDeliveryNetwork(n)~TheMicrosoftAzurecachingservicethatstoresblobsat
strategicallyplacedlocationstoprovidemaximumbandwidthfordeliveringcontentto
users.
contentdeployment(n)~Theactofexportingobjectssuchasresources,templates,and
galleriesfromasourcesystemandimportingthemtoadestinationsystem.Acommon
applicationismovingdatafromadevelopmentservertoaproductionserver.
ContentExpiration(n)~AUIelementthatallowsausertosettheperiodoftimethat
contentremainsonaLiveMeetingserverandisavailabletoparticipants,afterwhichitis
deleted.
contentformatter(n)~Thepartofthedistributorthatturnsrawnotificationdatainto
readablemessages.
contentheader(n)~PartofthefilestructureofaWindowsMediafilethatcontains
informationnecessaryforaclientcomputertodecompressandrenderthecontentdata.In
apackagedfile,anadditionalcontentheaderexistsandcontainsthekeyID,contentID,
andlicenseacquisitionURL.Thiscontentheadercanalsoincludearequired
individualizationversionnumberandattributesdefinedbythecontentprovider.
contentindex(n)~Thefull-textindex,pointertothepropertystore,andotherdatathat
describescontentacrosscontentsources,scopes,andservers.
contentindexserver(n)~Aserverthatisdedicatedtocreatingandupdatingcontext
indexes.
contentindexing(n)~Theprocessofcreatinganindexofthecontent.
contentkey(n)~Thecryptographickeyusedtobothencryptanddecryptprotected
contentduringpublishingandconsumption.
contentlibrary(n)~Adatarepository,inwhichitemssuchastext,textboxes,pictures,
tables,shapes,etc.canbestoredandre-usedwithinthesamedocumentandacross
multipledocuments.
contentmanagement(n)~Thecollection,storing,andsharingofinformationinasingle
systemwheremanyuserscanaccessit.
contentmaster(n)~Aslidetemplatethatdefinesdefaultformattingorthepositionof
placeholdersforoneormoreslidesinapresentation.
ContentOrganizer(PN)~AfeatureoftheRecordsCenterthatcanautomaticallyroute
incomingrecords(whethersubmittedautomaticallyormanually)totheirproperlocation,
basedontheirrecordtype.
contentowner(n)~Thepersonororganizationthatcontrolsaccesstoprotectedcontent.
contentpage(n)~Apagethatcontainsthecontenttobemergedwithamasterpagein
ordertorenderascompletewebpage.
contentpane(n)~InCommerceServerBusinessDesk,thewindowinwhichactionpages
arerendered.
contentpresenter(n)~Aslotinthetemplateofacontrol(e.g.abutton)intowhichyou
canplacecontentwithoutaddingitdirectlytothetemplate.
ContentProtection(PN)~TheAzureMediaServicessolutionfortoken-based
authorizationforbothAESClear-keyandMicrosoftPlayReadylicensedelivery.
contentprovider(n)~Broadly,anindividual,group,orbusinessthatprovides
informationforviewingordistributionontheInternetoronprivateorsemiprivate
intranetsorextranets.Contentinthissenseincludesnotonlyinformationbutalsovideo,
audio,software,listingsofWebsites,andproduct-specificmaterialssuchasonline
catalogs.
contentprovider(n)~AnorganizationthatpreparescontentforpostingontheWeb.
ContentQuery(PN)~AWebPartthatqueriesdatafrommultiplesourceswithinasite
collectionandpresentsthatdatainacustomview.
contentrating(n)~Avalueassignedtoanitemofmediacontentthatindicatesits
suitabilityforaparticularaudience.
contentregion(n)~Theareainsidecontentplaceholders.
contentreplication(n)~AmethodofcopyingWebsitecontentfromoneservernodeto
another.Youcancopyfilesmanually,orusereplicationsoftwaretocopycontent
automatically.Replicationisanecessaryfunctionofclusteringtoensurefaulttolerance.
contentrevocation(n)~Aprocessbywhichcontentownersorcontentpackagerscan
disablelicensesfortheirownpackagedfiles.
contentrevocationstring(n)~Astringthatisgeneratedbythecontentownerorcontent
packagerandisbasedontheirpublicandprivatesigningkeys.Thisstringissharedwith
thelicenseissuer,whoincludesitinalllicenses.Computersthatreceivealicensewiththis
stringarenolongerabletoplayfilespackagedwiththatparticularsigningkeypair.
contentscoping(n)~Theabilitytocontrol(onafolderbasis)whichfilecontentsare
downloadedtodocumenttoolsonuserdevices.
ContentSearch(PN)~AWebPartthatperformsasearchusingacustomizablequeryand
presentstheresultsinacustomview.
ContentSelectionFramework(n)~Adevelopmentframeworkforthetargeteddelivery
ofcontent.TheContentSelectionFramework(CSF)providesthecomponentsyouuseto
buildabusiness-specificmessagingsystem.CSFprovidesaplatformformakinghighspeeddecisionstotargetcontenttousers.
ContentSelectionPipeline(n)~Theinfrastructurethatlinkstogetherthestagesand
pipelinecomponentsnecessarytogather,filter,score,andselectcontent.
contentsize(n)~Heightandwidthvalues(bypixel)foryourcontent.
contentslideshow(n)~AprocessthatautomaticallydisplayseachslideorpageinaLive
Meetingresource,oneatatime,foraspecifiedtimeinterval.
contentsource(n)~Asetofoptionsthatyoucanusetospecifywhattypeofcontentis
crawled,whatURLstocrawl,andhowdeepandwhentocrawl.
contentsteward(n)~Auserroleforanindividualwhoownsormaintainsadocument
repository,andwhoisresponsibleforconfiguring,customizing,andcreatingsitefeatures.
contenttemplate(n)~Adesigntemplatethatalsocontainstextsuggestionsoneachslide.
Youreplacethetextsuggestionswiththetextthatyouwant.Acontenttemplatecontainsa
slidemasterandanoptionaltitlemaster.
contenttoolbar(n)~TheRTE(RichTextEditor)toolbarusedtocreateandformattext
andimages.
contenttype(n)~Agroupofreusablesettingsthatdescribesthesharedattributesand
behaviorsofalistitem,adocument,orafolder.
Contentview(n)~TheviewinWindowsExplorer(offeredinWindows7andlater)that
displaysthemostrelevantcontentforeachitembasedonitsfilenameextensionorKind
association.
contentzone(n)~TheareasonthePageEditorwhereuserscanaddcontenttothebody
oftheirWebpage.
content-basedrouting(n)~Theroutingofadocumentbasedontheinformationextracted
fromthepayloadofthedocument.
contention(n)~Onanetwork,competitionamongstationsfortheopportunitytousea
communicationslineornetworkresource.
Contents(n)~Thelistingofcontentsatthebeginningofadocumentorfile.
Contents(PN)~Abuttonthatopensthecurrentdocument’stableofcontentsinapane.
Userscanpinthepanetothedocument,andwhentheyscrollthroughthedocument,the
tableofcontentsdynamicallyhighlightsthesectiontheyarein.
context(n)~Anorderedsequenceofpropertiesthatdefineanenvironmentfortheobjects
residentinsideit.Contextsarecreatedduringtheactivationprocessforobjectsthatare
configuredtorequirecertainautomaticservicessuchassynchronization,transactions,
just-in-timeactivation,security,andsoon.Multipleobjectscanliveinsideacontext.
context(n)~IntheConcurrencyRuntime,anabstractionofanoperatingsystemthread.
context(n)~AstructureintheEntityFrameworkthatrepresentstheentitycontainerthat
containsaconnectiontotheunderlyingdatasourceandprovidesservicessuchaschange
trackingandidentityresolution.AcontextisrepresentedbyaninstanceoftheDbContext
orObjectContextclass.
contextcontrolblock(n)~Aninternalfilesystemstructureinwhichafilesystem
maintainstheper-fileobjectstateforanopeninstanceofafile.
contextfield(n)~OneoffourfieldsofanSCODE.ThisfieldisreservedintheSCODE
on16-bitplatformsanddoesnotexistintheversionfor32-bitplatforms.
contextID(n)~Auniquenumberorstringthatcorrespondstoaspecificobjectinan
application.ContextIDsareusedtocreatelinksbetweentheapplicationand
correspondingHelptopics.
contextmenu(n)~Amenuthatisrelatedtotheactivewindoworitem,accessibleby
right-clickingthemouse.
contextmenuitem(n)~Acommanddisplayedintheshortcut(context)menu.Examples
includeopenandprint.
contextobject(n)~Apatternthatprovidesaplacetostorescopeorcontextrelated
informationorfunctionalitythatautomaticallyfollowstheflowofexecutionbetween
executionscopesordomains.
Contextpane(n)~AtreeviewincludedintheTableDesignerthatlistsobjectsrelatedto
atable.
contextproperty(n)~Theimplicitstate,andcodetomanagethatstate,heldonbehalfof
anobjectinstance.Forexample,thetransactioncontextpropertyholdsthetransaction
identifierofthetransactionthattheobjectisparticipatingin.
contextswitch(n)~Thechangingoftheidentityagainstwhichpermissionstoexecute
statementsorperformactionsarechecked.
context-sensitiveHelp(n)~Aformofassistanceinwhichaprogramthatprovidesonscreenhelpshowsinformationtotheuserconcerningthecurrentcommandoroperation
beingattempted.
contextual(adj)~Specifictotheconditionsinwhichsomethingexistsoroccurs.
contextualmenu(n)~Amenuthatisrelatedtotheactivewindoworitem,accessibleby
right-clickingthemouse.
ContextualSpelling(oth)~Anenhancedspell-checkfeaturethatlooksatwordsbeforeor
afterthewordinquestiontoassessproperusage.Thisallowsthesoftwaretoflag
correctly-spelledwordsas‘wrong’iftheusageappearstobeincorrect.
contextualtab(n)~Atabthatisavailableonlywhenanobjectinapageisselected.
contiguous(adj)~Havingasharedboundary;beingimmediatelyadjacent.Forexample,
contiguoussectorsonadiskaredata-storagesegmentsphysicallylocatednexttoone
another.
contiguousselection(n)~Aselectionthatconsistsofasetofobjectsthatarelogically
sequentialoradjacenttoeachother.
contiguoussubtree(n)~Anyunbrokenpathinthetree,includingallmembersofany
containerinthatpath.
contingencyplan(n)~Aplanforaddressingrecognizedrisksthatmayariseduringthe
courseofaproject.Theplanidentifiesalternativestrategiestobeusedtoensureproject
successifspecifiedriskeventsoccur.
continuableerror(n)~Anon-accessviolation.Anerrorthatdoesnotpreventan
applicationfromcontinuing.
continuationmedia(n)~Theseriesofremovablebackupmediausedaftertheinitial
mediumbecomesfull,allowingcontinuationofthebackupoperation.
continuationtape(n)~Atapethatisusedaftertheinitialtapeinamediafamilyfills,
allowingcontinuationofamediafamily.
Continuednotice(n)~Anoteatthebeginningorendofatextboxindicatingthatthetext
iscontinuedfromorcontinuesonadifferentpage.
continuityofcaredocument(n)~Astandardformatusedtotransferpatienthealth
informationbetweensystems.
continuityofcarerecord(n)~Astandardformatusedtotransferpatienthealth
informationbetweensystems.
ContinuousArrowProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowatimelineor
sequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow.WorksbestwithLevel1textbecauseeach
lineofLevel1textappearsinsidethearrowshape.Level2textappearsoutsidethearrow
shape.
ContinuousBlockProcess(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowaprogression
orsequentialstepsinatask,process,orworkflow.WorksbestwithminimalLevel1and
Level2text.
continuouscopyrelationship(n)~Thelinkbetweenaprimarydatabaseandanactive
secondarydatabasewithautomaticdatasynchronizationbetweenthem.
continuouscrawl(n)~Acrawlthatoperatesonacontinuousbasistoscanandindexnew
andmodifiedcontentfromasource.
ContinuousCycle(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtorepresentacontinuing
sequenceofstages,tasks,oreventsinacircularflow.Emphasizestheconnectionbetween
allcomponents.WorksbestwithLevel1textonly.
continuousexport(n)~AnexportoptionforApplicationInsightsTelemetrytoputallthe
telemetrydataofanAzureaccountintoablobstorageforsubsequentprocessing.
continuousform(n)~AformthatdisplaysmorethanonerecordonthescreeninForm
view.
continuousloop(n)~Aloopthatisrepeateduntilaterminatingeventoccurs.
ContinuousPictureList(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowgroupsof
interconnectedinformation.Thecircularshapesaredesignedtocontainpictures.
Continuum(PN)~Asetoffeaturesthatseamlesslyadaptandoptimizetheuserinterface
fordifferentdevices,modesofworking,hardware,orplatforms.
contour(n)~Theshapeofhowscheduledworkforanassignmentisdistributedacross
time.UseacontourtocontrolhowProjectschedulestheworkofaresource.
contourchart(n)~Asurfacechartsubtypethatprovidesaviewofthesurfacechartfrom
above,withcolorsrepresentingspecificrangesofvalues.
contraaccount(n)~Anaccountusedtoreduceanassetoraliabilitytoitscurrentvalue.
contraasset(n)~Anaccountthatisusedtoreducethegrosscostofanassettothenarrive
atthenetcost.
contraliability(n)~Anaccountthatisusedtoreducealiabilitytoarriveatitscarrying
value.
contract(n)~AServiceBrokerobjectthatdefinesthemessagetypesthatcanbe
exchangedwithinagivenconversation.
contract(n)~Anagreementtoprovidecustomerservicesupportduringspecified
coveragedatesorforaspecifiednumberofcasesorlengthoftime.Whencustomers
contactcustomerservice,thelevelofsupporttheyreceiveisdeterminedbytheircontract.
contract(n)~Acustomerserviceissueorproblemreportedbyacustomerandthe
activitiesthatcustomerservicerepresentativesusetoresolveit.
contract(n)~Aformalorlegallybindingagreementbetweentwoormoreparties.
contract(n)~Thebehaviorandstatethataclassprovides,whichismatchedwithwhata
clientofthatclasscanexpecttohold.Acontractisexpressedpartlybythesignaturesfor
allpublicfields,methods,properties,andeventsofthatclass.Thisisaugmentedbya
description(usuallyinsimpledescriptivetext)ofwhateachfieldorpropertyrepresents,
togetherwithwhateachmethoddoes.Inthe.NETFrameworkadd-inprogramming
model,anon-versioninginterfacethatdefinesthemethodsandspecifiesthedatatypesfor
transferringdataoverthecommunicationpipelinebetweenthehostandtheadd-in.The
contractisinthemiddleofthecommunicationpipelinebetweentheadd-inandthehost.
Thecontractassemblyisloadedintotheapplicationdomainsofboththeadd-inandthe
host.
contract(n)~Alegallybindingagreementbetweentwoormoreparties.
contractaddress(n)~Thepostallocationthatcorrespondenceshouldbemailedtoabout
acontract.
contractcloseout(n)~Thecompletionofthecontract[suchasfixedpriceorlumpsum,
costreimbursable,unitpricecontracts].Closeoutincludesresolvingalloutstandingissues
anditems,suchasinspectionsorinvoices.
contractline(n)~Thespecificdescriptioninacontractoftheservicesupporttobe
provided,includingpricingandhowsupportistobeallotted.
contracttemplate(n)~Atemplatethatcontainsthestandardattributeofacontractsuch
asbillingfrequencyandallotmenttype.
contractvalue(n)~Thepricetobepaidforafixed-priceproject.
contractor(n)~Aroleassumedbyapersonwhoparticipatesinacontractor-employer
relationshipwithalegalentity.
contrast(n)~Thedegreeofdifferencebetweenlightanddarkextremesofcolorona
monitor,devicescreen,orprintedoutput,orbetweenthedarkestandlightestareasina
photo.Thegreaterthedifference,thehigherthecontrast.
contravariance(n)~Inprogramminglanguages,theabilitytousealessderivedtypethan
thatoriginallyspecified.Contravarianceingenericinterfacesanddelegatesallowsfor
implicitconversionofgenerictypeparameters.Contravarianceisalsosupportedfornongenericdelegatesformatchingmethodsignatureswithdelegatetypes.
contributor(n)~Apersonwhoisinvolvedinthecreationofcontent.Forexampleeditors,
technicalreviewersandsubjectmatterexpertsarecontributors.
Contributormode(PN)~Afeaturethatgivestheusercontrolledaccesstofeaturesbased
onagivengrouprole.
Contributorrole(n)~Acollectionofrightsthatenabletheusertoviewpagesand
documentsinalibrary,andcontributetodiscussions.Thisisadefaultrole.
control(n)~Anobjectthatenablesuserinteractionorinput,oftentoinitiateanaction,
displayinformation,orsetvalues.
control(n)~Managementofacomputeranditsprocessingabilitiessoastomaintain
orderastasksandactivitiesarecarriedout.Controlappliestomeasuresdesignedtoensure
error-freeactionscarriedoutattherighttimeandintherightorderrelativetootherdatahandlingorhardware-basedactivities.
controlbar(n)~AcontrolimplementedbyMMCtodisplayandmanageitsowntoolbars
andmenubuttons,aswellasthoseaddedbysnap-ins.
ControlcallforwardingfromCommunicator(oth)~Anitemtheusercanselectinthe
Optionsdialogbox,Phonestab.Whentheuserselectsthisoption,Communicatorcontrols
automaticforwardingofincomingcallsusingthecall-forwardingsettingstheuserselects.
controlcharacter(n)~Acharacterthatisinsertedinright-to-leftandmixedtextto
specifytheformattingoftextwhentheinherentdirectionalityofthetextisinsufficientto
displayexpectedresults.
Controlchart(n)~Achartthatdisplaysadditionalinformationaboutagraphintermsof
thefollowingcontrollines:Average,Upperlimit(calculatedbasedonnaturalprocess
deviationandsixsigmatechnique),andLowerlimit(calculatedbasedonnaturalprocess
deviationandsixsigmatechnique).
controlcode(n)~Oneormorenonprintingcharactersusedbyacomputerprogramto
controltheactionsofadevice,usedinprinting,communications,andmanagementof
displayscreens.Controlcodesaremainlyemployedbyprogrammersorbyusersto
controlaprinterwhenanapplicationprogramdoesnotsupporttheprinteroroneofits
specializedfeatures.Invideo,controlcodesaresentfromacomputertoadisplayunitto
manipulatetheappearanceoftextoracursoronthescreen.Popularvideocontrolcode
setsareANSIandVT-100.
controlcode(n)~Auniquecodethatisusedtoidentifycashregisterreceipts.
controldeviceobject(n)~Adeviceobjectthatrepresentsthefilterdrivertothesystem
andtouser-modeapplicationandwhichallowsapplicationstocommunicatewiththefilter
driverdirectly,evenbeforethefilterisattachedtoafilesystemorvolumedeviceobject.
controlescapesequence(n)~Inregularexpressions,abackslashfollowedbytheletter
‘c’followedbyoneoftheletters‘a’through‘z’or‘A’through‘Z’.ItmatchestheASCII
controlcharacterthatisnamedbythatletter.
controlflow(n)~Agroupofconnectedcontrolflowelementsthatperformtasks.
controlflow(n)~Atransitioninanactivitydiagram.Acontrolflowrepresentsa
relationshipbetweentwostatesoractionstatesandindicatesthatanobjectinthefirststate
willenterthesecondstateandperformspecifiedactions.
controlflowguard(n)~Asecurityfeaturethatmakesitmoredifficulttocorruptmemory
byimplementingrestrictionsonwhereanapplicationcanexecutecodefrom.
ControlGallery(n)~Alibraryofcontrolsthatsupportuserinterfacedevelopment.Some
ofthesecontrolsfunctionascontainersforothercontrolsorcontent,suchasimagesand
media.
controlgroup(n)~Asetofcontrolsthatareconceptuallyorlogicallyrelated.Controls
thatareconceptuallyrelatedareusuallyviewedtogetherbutdonotnecessarilyaffecteach
other.Controlsthatarelogicallyrelatedaffecteachother.
controlhandle(n)~Ahandlethatspecifiesuniquebehaviorforcertainshapes.
controlinterface(n)~Thevirtualobjectsandmechanismsthatcontrolanapplication.
Controlkey(n)~Akeythat,whenpressedincombinationwithanotherkey,givesthe
otherkeyanalternativemeaning.
controlmenu(n)~Amenuthatcontainscommandsyoucanusetomanipulateawindow
orcloseaprogram.Youclicktheprogramiconattheleftofthetitlebartoopenthis
menu.Thecontextmenuofawindowreplacesthismenu.
controlmessage(n)~Anapplication-readablemessagerequestingtheexecutionofa
specificoperationontheclientside.
ControlNode(PN)~An-appliance-nodethatisthecentralpointofcontrolfor
processingqueriesonthe-SQLServerPDWappliance,receivingtheuserquery,creating
adistributedqueryplan,communicatingrelevantplanoperationsanddatato-Compute
nodes,receivingComputenoderesults,performinganynecessaryaggregationofresults,
andthenreturningthequeryresultstotheuser.
ControlPanel(PN)~AWindowsprogramthatcollectsanddisplaysforusersthesystemlevelfeaturesofthecomputer,includinghardwareandsoftwaresetupandconfiguration.
FromControlPanel,userscanclickindividualitemstoconfiguresystem-levelfeatures
andperformrelatedtasks.
ControlPanelHome(n)~ThemainControlPanelwindow.
controlpart(n)~Anelementinacontroltemplatethathasspecial,possiblymandatory,
significanceandsemanticsinthefunctioningofthecontrol.Forexample,atemplatefora
ScrollBarcontrolshouldsupplyaThumbpartfortheScrollBartofunctioncorrectly,butit
neednotprovideasmalldecreaseorasmallincreasebutton.
controlpattern(n)~Adesignimplementationthatdescribesadiscretepieceof
functionalityforacontrol.Thisfunctionalitycanincludethevisualappearanceofa
controlandtheactionsitcanperform.
controlpoint(n)~Ahandlethatcanbedraggedtochangethecurveorsymmetryofa
segment.
controlpoint(n)~Thereferencepointinacompensationrangethatrepresentsthe
intendedaveragepayforallemployeesatthatcompensationlevel.Forgradestructures,
controlpointsaretypically,butnotalways,therangemidpoint.Broadbandstructurescan
usecontrolpointsbutrarelydo.
controlprotocolplug-in(n)~Atypeofplug-inthatenablesaWindowsMediaserverto
communicatewithclientsandotherserversthroughdifferentnetworkprotocols.
controlskin(n)~Askinthatischaracterizedbythepropertiesforcontrols,suchas
buttons,labels,calendars,etc.
controlstate(n)~AfieldinanASP.NETWebpagethatstoresthecurrentproperty
settingsforservercontrolsonthepage.Controlstateisusedtorecreatethepageand
reestablishprevioussettingsoneachpostback.
controltemplate(n)~Atreeofelementsthatisexpandedintothescenewhenevera
controlofaparticulartypeisfound.Theelementstypicallyhavepropertiesboundto
propertiesofthecontrolinstance.
controltip(n)~Abriefphrasethatdescribesacontrol,apage,oratab.Thecontroltip
appearswhentheuserbrieflyholdsthemousepointeroveracontrol.
ControlTools(n)~
controlunit(n)~Adevicethatprocessesdatafromreceiptsthataregeneratedbyacash
register.
control-break(n)~Akeyorcombinationofkeysusedtotellacomputertohalt,orbreak
outof,whateveritisdoing.OnIBMPCsandcompatiblesunderDOS,pressingthePause/
BreakorScrollLock/BreakkeywhileholdingdowntheCtrlkeyissuesthebreak
command(asdoesCtrl-C).OnMacintoshcomputers,thekeycombinationthatsendsa
breakcodeisCommand-period.
controller(n)~Thepartofatestrigthatdistributesteststoagentcomputersandcollects
testresults.
controllerserver(n)~TheservercomputeronwhichtheMicrosoftWebFarm
Frameworksoftwareisinstalled.Thisserverisusedtospecifytheadministratoraccount
fortheWebfarm,tomanageprimaryandsecondaryservers,andtosynchronizeWeb
platformcomponents,configuration,applications,andcontentbetweenservers.
control-of-flowlanguage(n)~Transact-SQLkeywordsthatcontroltheflowofexecution
ofSQLstatementsandstatementblocksintriggers,storedprocedures,andbatches.
convention(n)~Anystandardthatisusedmoreorlessuniversallyinagivensituation.
Manyconventionsareappliedtomicrocomputers.Inprogramming,forexample,a
languagesuchasCreliesonformallyacceptedsymbolsandabbreviationsthatmustbe
usedinprograms.Lessformally,programmersusuallyadopttheconventionofindenting
subordinateinstructionsinaroutinesothatthestructureoftheprogramismoreeasily
visualized.Nationalandinternationalcommitteesoftendiscussandarbitrateconventions
forprogramminglanguages,datastructures,communicationstandards,anddevice
characteristics.
convention(n)~ArulethatdescribeshowtomodelaclasswiththeEntityFramework.
Convergence~Theconsolidationofallcommunications-voice,dataandvideo-ontoa
singlenetworkinfrastructure.
ConvergingArrows(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowideasorconcepts
thatconvergetoacentralpoint.WorksbestwithLevel1textonly.
ConvergingRadial(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowrelationshipsof
conceptsorcomponentstoacentralideainacycle.ThefirstlineofLevel1text
correspondstothecentralcircularshapeandthelinesofLevel2textcorrespondtothe
surroundingrectangularshapes.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyou
switchlayouts.
conversation(n)~Adiscussionwithacustomerorcolleague.
conversation(n)~Areal-timecommunicationsessionbetweentwoormoreusers.A
sessioncaninvolveIM,video,oraudio.
conversation(n)~Acollectionofcommunications(e-mail,IM,textmessaging,voice
mail,andsoon)betweentwoormoreparticipants.
conversationarea(n)~Thepanewhereconversations,includingphonecalls,conference
calls,andinstantmessages,aredisplayedfortheuser.
conversationendpoint(n)~Theobjectwhichrepresentsapartyparticipatinginthe
conversation.
conversationgroup(n)~AgroupofrelatedServiceBrokerconversations.Messagesin
thesameconversationgroupcanonlybeprocessedbyoneserviceprogramatatime.
conversationhandle(n)~Anhandlewhichuniquelydefinesaconversation.
ConversationHistory(PN)~ThefolderinOutlookwhereinstantmessagesandphone
conversationsarestored.
conversationinvitation(n)~Arequestforaconversation.
conversationnote(n)~AnoteyoutypeontheNotestabofaconversationwindowto
potentiallybeforwardedalongwiththecallandsavedinthecallhistory.
conversationsubject(n)~Textindicatingthetopicofaconversation.Itisenteredbythe
userorgeneratedbythecomputerbasedonconversationinformation.Itisdisplayedinthe
conversationtitlebarorinanalert.
conversationtracking(n)~KeepingarecordofchatconversationsinCRM,whichoccur
throughLync.
Conversationwindow(n)~Thewindowthatisdisplayedwhentheuserisinanytypeof
conversation.Thiswindowdisplaysthelistofconversationwindowparticipants,the
conversationcontentforinstantmessagingandvideoconversations,andcommandsand
controlsformanagingtheconversation.
ConversationalMOS(n)~ApredictionofthenarrowbandconversationalqualityMOS
(MOS-CQ)oftheaudiostreamthatisplayedtotheuser.Thisvaluetakesintoaccountthe
listeningqualityoftheaudioplayedandsentacrossthenetwork,thespeechandnoise
levelsforbothaudiostreams,andechoes.
conversationalqualityMOS(n)~AclassofMOSvaluesthattakesintoaccountlistening
qualityineachdirection,aswellasbidirectionaleffects,suchasdelayandecho.
conversion(n)~Theprocessofchangingfromoneformorformattoanother;where
informationisconcerned,achangeoverthataffectsformbutnotsubstance.Typesof
conversionincludedata(changingthewayinformationisrepresented),file(changinga
filefromoneformattoanother),hardware(changingallorpartofacomputersystem),
media(transferringdatafromonestoragemediatoanother),software(changinga
programdesignedforoneplatformsothatitrunsonanother),andsystem(changingfrom
oneoperatingsystemtoanother).
conversion(n)~AnactiontakenbyavisitortoyourpublicWebsitethatresultsina
desiredcustomerresponse,suchasrequestingmoreinformationorsigningupfora
newsletter.
conversion(n)~Anactionbywhichasubscription(thesourcesubscription)isreplaced
byanewsubscription,bothownedbythesamebillingaccount,alongapreconfigured
conversionpath.Thesourcesubscriptioniscanceledandthedestinationsubscriptionis
thenewsubscription.
conversioncycle(n)~Arecurringsetofproductionandlogisticsactivitiesperformedby
partiesthatmanufactureordistributeitems.
conversionfunction(n)~Afunctionthatconvertsonedatatypeorformattoanotherdata
typeorformat.
ConversionManager(PN)~Areportadministrationpagethatallowsuserstoview,
createorchangeconversionpoints.
conversionpage(n)~AWebsitepagethatavisitorreachesafterhavingcompletedan
action.
conversionpoint(n)~Ameasurementofthenumberofvisitorswhoreachaconversion
page.
conversionrate(n)~Thenumberofclickthroughsyoursitereceivesdividedbythe
numberofconversions.
conversionratesales(n)~Thetotalrevenuefromallconversionsforaspecifiedtime
period.
conversionreferrer(n)~Anad,searchresult,oranyotherlinkthatsendsausertothe
sitewherethatusercompletesatransaction.
conversiontable(n)~Atablelistingasetofcharactersornumbersandtheirequivalents
inanothercodingscheme.CommonexamplesofconversiontablesincludeASCIItables,
whichlistcharactersandtheirASCIIvalues,anddecimal-to-hexadecimaltables.
conversiontime(n)~Thetimeatwhichtheconversionrateisappliedtoatransaction.If
theconversiontypeisafixedrate,theconversiontimeshouldalwaysbethetimeatwhich
theorderwasacceptedforfulfillment.Iftheconversiontypeisaspotrate,theconversion
timeiswhenthebankperformstheconversion.
conversiontool(n)~Atoolthatisusedtoperformconversions.
conversiontracking(n)~Theprocessofcollectingdataaboutwhichvisitorstoyoursite
performtheactionsyoudesire(suchassigningupforanewsletterormakingapurchase).
conversiontype(n)~Thetypeofcurrencyconversionusedtoconvertthebuyercurrency
tothebasecurrencyfortheWebsite,ortoconvertthesuppliercurrencytothebase
currencyinamulticurrencytransaction.Theconversiontypecanbeeitherafixed(static)
rate,oraspot(dynamic)rate.
conversiontype(n)~Thekindofconversionbasedontheactiondesiredfromtheuser
(e.g.purchase,subscription).
convert(v)~Tochangefromoneformorfunctiontoanother.
convert(v)~Tochangeonetypeofrecord,forexample,acampaignresponsetoan
opportunity,oranactivitytoacase.
ConverttoMotionPath(v)~Atoolthatallowstheusertoconvertashapeorpathintoa
pathalongwhichanotherobjectwillmove,automaticallygeneratingastoryboardforthe
animation.
ConverttoPath(v)~Atoolthatisusedtoconvertashapetoapathobject,whose
verticesyoucanthenmodifyindividually.
ConverttoShape(PN)~AfeaturethatenablesTabletPCuserstoconvertaninkdrawing
toastandardOfficeArtshape,whichcanbeformattedwithcolorsandeffectsexactlyasif
itwereinsertedusing-€œInsertShape.-€?
converter(n)~Anydevicethatchangeselectricalsignalsorcomputerdatafromoneform
toanother.Forexample,ananalog-to-digitalconvertertranslatesanalogsignalstodigital
signals.
convexhull(n)~ThesmallestconvexsetthatcontainsXintheEuclideanplaneor
Euclideanspace.
co-occurrencematrix(n)~Amatrixordistributionthatisdefinedoveranimagetobethe
distributionofco-occurringvaluesatagivenoffset.
cookie(n)~OntheWorldWideWeb,ablockofdatathataWebserverstoresonaclient
system.WhenauserreturnstothesameWebsite,thebrowsersendsacopyofthecookie
backtotheserver.Cookiesareusedtoidentifyusers,toinstructtheservertosenda
customizedversionoftherequestedWebpage,tosubmitaccountinformationfortheuser,
andforotheradministrativepurposes.
Cookie~Asmalldatafilestoredonyourcomputerbyawebsite,intheorytoallowitto
‘remember’yourpreferences,butinpractisemostlyusedtotrackwhichadvertsyouhave
seen.Youcansetmostbrowserstorejectallcookies,ortoaskyourpermissionbefore
storingthem,butthiswillgeneratemultipleerrormessagesonalotofwebsitesandis
generallymorehasslethanit’sworth-theyareprettyharmless.UKwebsitesarerequired
todisplayawarningmessageaboutthembecauseno-onecouldmakePrimeMinister
DavidCameronunderstandwhattheydo.
Cookie~apieceofinformationsentbyaWeb-Server-toaWeb-Browser-thatthe
BrowsersoftwareisexpectedtosaveandtosendbacktotheServerwheneverthebrowser
makesadditionalrequestsfromtheServer.
Cookiereplayattack(n)~Anattackthatcapturestheuser’sauthenticationcookieusing
monitoringsoftwareandreplaysittotheapplicationtogainaccessunderafalseidentity.
cooldowntime(n)~Theminimumlengthoftimethattheuserneedstowaitafterusing
thesystembeforeusingitagain.
cooperativeblocking(n)~Inmultithreading,theactofonetaskyieldingprocessing
resourcestoothertasks.
coordinate(n)~Eachofasetofreferencesthattogetherdescribetheexactpositionof
somethingwithrespecttoasetofaxes(orarowandcolumn).
coordinatepair(n)~Apairofvaluesrepresentingthex-andy-coordinatesofapointthat
arestoredinatwo-dimensionalarraythatcancontaincoordinatesformanypoints.
CoordinatedUniversalTime(n)~Thestandardtimecommontoeveryplaceinthe
world,coordinatedbytheInternationalBureauofWeightsandMeasures.Coordinated
UniversalTimeisusedforthesynchronizationofcomputersontheInternet.
co-owner(n)~Thepersonwho,togetherwiththeowner,controlshowpermissionsareset
onobjectsandcangrantpermissionstoothers.
COP(n)~TheofficialcurrencyofColombia.
copay(n)~Afeethatmustbepayedfortheuseofspecificmedicalservicescoveredbya
medicalplan.
coprocessor(n)~Aprocessor,distinctfromthemainmicroprocessor,thatperforms
additionalfunctionsorassiststhemainmicroprocessor.
co-product(n)~Anitemproducedjointlywithanotheritem.
copy(v)~Toduplicateinformationandreproduceitinanotherpartofadocument,ina
differentfileormemorylocation,orinadifferentmedium.Acopyoperationcanaffect
datarangingfromasinglecharactertolargesegmentsoftext,agraphicsimage,orfrom
onetomanydatafiles.
copyarea(n)~Thecellsthatyoucopywhenyouwanttopastedataintoanotherlocation.
Afteryoucopycells,amovingborderappearsaroundthemtoindicatethatthey’vebeen
copied.
copybackup(n)~Abackupthatcopiesallselectedfilesbutdoesnotmarkeachfileas
havingbeenbackedup(inotherwords,thearchiveattributeisnotcleared).Copyingis
usefulifyouwanttobackupfilesbetweennormalandincrementalbackupsbecause
copyingdoesnotaffecttheseotherbackupoperations.
CopyGeneralManagementSystemAnalog(n)~Amethodforcontrollingthecopying
ofbroadcastmediacontentthatallowsonlyonegenerationofcopying.
CopyNumber(PN)~Thebuttonthatenablestheusertocopytheretrievalnumberofa
parkedcall.
copyonwrite(n)~Pageprotectionthatallowsmultipleapplicationstomaptheirvirtual
addressspacestosharethesamephysicalpagesuntilanapplicationneedstomodifythe
pageandhaveitsowninstancecopy,whichallowsthevirtualmemorymanagertosave
memoryandexecutiontime.
copyset(n)~AduplicateofthemediamasterthatRemoteStoragecopiestoadifferent
tapeordisk.Copysetsaretypicallyusedforbackuppurposes.
copyfitting(n)~Theresizingoftexttofitintoanallottedamountofspace.
copy-on-writepageprotection(n)~Aconceptthatallowsmultipleapplicationstomap
theirvirtualaddressspacestosharethesamephysicalpages,untilanapplicationneedsto
modifythepageandhaveitsowninstancecopy.
copyright(n)~Amethodofprotectingtherightsofanoriginatorofacreativework,such
asatext,apieceofmusic,apainting,oracomputerprogram,throughlaw.
copyrightsymbol(n)~The-©character.Normallyincludedatthebeginningofa
copyrightnotice.
CoralHues(PN)~OneofthebackgroundcolorsontheScreenSaverSettingsdialogbox
thatconsistsofarangeofcoralcolors.
CORBA(n)~AspecificationdevelopedbytheObjectManagementGroupin1992in
whichpiecesofprograms(objects)communicatewithotherobjectsinotherprograms,
evenifthetwoprogramsarewrittenindifferentprogramminglanguagesandarerunning
ondifferentplatforms.Aprogrammakesitsrequestforobjectsthroughanobjectrequest
broker,orORB,andthusdoesnotneedtoknowthestructureoftheprogramfromwhich
theobjectcomes.CORBAisdesignedtoworkinobject-orientedenvironments.
core(n)~Oneofthetypesofmemorybuiltintocomputersbeforerandomaccessmemory
(RAM)wasavailableoraffordable.Somepeoplestillusethetermtorefertothemain
memoryofanycomputersystem,asinthephrasecoredump—alistingoftheraw
contentsofmainmemoryatthemomentofasystemcrash.
coreapplicationquestionnaire(n)~Aquestionnaireusedtogatherkeyinformation
aboutyourorganizationtobeusedasaroadmapforbuildingyourPerformancePoint
Serverapplication.
corecmdlet(n)~Oneofacoresetofcommandsformanipulatingthesystemandthat
correspondstocommandsfoundinothershellenvironments.
coreinstallation(n)~AnoptionthatcanbeusedforinstallingWindowsServer2008or
WindowsServer2008R2.Itprovidesaminimalenvironmentforrunningspecificserver
roles,whichreducesthemaintenanceandmanagementrequirementsandtheattack
surfaceforthoseserverroles.
Corelayer(n)~AlayerintheSurfaceSDKthatexposesasetofAPIsfordevelopersto
usetocreateSurfaceapplications.
coremodel(n)~ThefirstlayeroftheCIMschema,whichincludesthetop-levelclasses
andtheirpropertiesandassociations.Thecoremodelisbothdomain-andplatformindependent.
CoreParking(PN)~Afeaturethatdynamicallyselectsasetofprocessorsthatshould
stayidleandnotrunanythreadsbasedonthecurrentpowerpolicyandtheirrecent
utilization.
coreprogram(n)~Aprogramorprogramsegmentthatisresidentinrandomaccess
memory(RAM).
CoreWebServer(PN)~TheWindowsservicesthatmakeupthecoreofIIS7.TheCore
WebserverprovidesthefoundationforthemodulararchitectureofIIS.
core-basedlicensing(n)~Alicensingoptionwherecoresarelicensedratherthanusersor
devices.
cornerjoin(n)~Twolinesthatarejoinedatanangle.Forobjectsthathavesharpcorners,
suchasrectangles,youcanchangethewaythestrokelooksateachcornerpointby
applyingoneofthreecornerjoinstyles:miterjoin,roundjoin,andbeveljoin.
cornerpoint(n)~Ananchorpointwherethetwohandlesarefullyretracted,sothey’re
sittinginside’thenodeitselfandcannotbeselected.’
cornerradius(n)~Theradiusthatdetermineshowmuch,ifany,thecornerofa
rectangularobjectisactuallycurvedorrounded-off’.’
correctionarea(n)~Anareathatappearsinthewritingpadwhenyoutaptherecognized
textthatyouwanttocorrect.Youcanuseittorewriteanincorrectlyrecognizedcharacter
ortoreplaceawordwithasuggestedalternative.
correctioncomb(n)~Anareathatappearsinthewritingpadwhenyoutapthe
recognizedtextthatyouwanttocorrect.Youcanuseittorewriteanincorrectly
recognizedcharacterortoreplaceawordwithasuggestedalternative.
Corrections(PN)~Asetoffeaturesthatenablesuserstoimprovethequalityoftheir
imageswithjustoneortwoclicks.Gallerieshelptheuseroptimizecharacteristicssuchas
brightness,contrast,color,andsharpness.
correlate(v)~Inlogging,toshowwhichloggedclient-sideeventscausedcorresponding
server-sideevents.Logdataisofencorrelatedasitisbeingconsolidatedtoadatabaseor
logfile.
correlatedsubquery(n)~Asubquerythatreferencesacolumnintheouterstatement.
Theinnerqueryisrunforeachcandidaterowintheouterstatement.
correlation(n)~Creatingrelationshipsbetweenanemailactivityandotherrecordsby
usingtheinformationfromemailheaders.
correlationID(n)~ArandomlygeneratedIDthatisassociatedwithamessageand
passedalongforthelifetimeofagivenmessage.
correlationset(n)~Aninstanceofacorrelationtype;thatis,thelistedpropertiesfora
messagethatareusedtodeterminewhetheritbelongstoagiveninstanceofan
orchestration.
correlationtype(n)~Asetofmessagepropertiesthatuniquelyidentifiesabusiness
processandwhichisusedtocorrelatemessageswithorchestrationinstances.
correspondentaccount(n)~Anaccountestablishedbyabankinginstitutiontomake
transactionsonbehalfofanotherfinancialinstitution,usuallyforinternational
transactions.
corrupt(v)~Todamage,inregardtofilesordata.
corrupted(adj)~Damaged.Mostlyusedinregardtofilesordata.
corruptedheappointer(n)~Anaccessviolationthatoccursmosttypicallywhenablock
isallocatedinoneheapandfreedinanother.
corruptedinfixpattern(n)~Anaccessviolationthatoccurswhenasetoffreedblocks
thathavebeenmarkednon-accessiblearetouchedbyaprogram.
corruptedprefixpattern(n)~Anaccessviolationthatoccurswithbufferunderruns.
corruptedsuffixpattern(n)~Anaccessviolationthathappensmosttypicallywithbuffer
overruns.
Cortana(PN)~ThepersonalassistantfeatureonWindowsPhoneandWindows.
CortanaHome(PN)~?TheplacewhereCortanashowscardstotheuserthatinclude
suggestions,questions,feedback,etc.
Cortana’sNotebook(PN)~?ThespacewhereCortanastoresalloftheinformationshe
knowsaboutyou.
co-sign(v)~Todigitallysigndataalongwithoneormoreadditionalsignatories.A
cosignaturedoesnotimplythatothersignaturesarevalid.
cost(n)~Theamountofmoneyspentinproducingoracquiring.
cost(n)~Thevalueofaneconomicresourcethatisquantifiedinmonetaryunitsandthat
ismeasuredusinganaccountingvaluationprinciple.
costaccounting(n)~Thebranchofaccountingconcernedwithidentifyingandevaluating
thecostofproducingaproduct.
costaccumulationmethod(n)~Themethodusedtoclassifyandallocatetransformation
costs.
costadjustmentamount(n)~Thesumofthedifferencesbetweentheoriginalpurchase
priceofthegoodsandthefinalprice,whichincludesanyadditionalitemcharges,
revaluation,orroundingamounts.
costbasis(n)~Thepurchasepriceofanasset,includingfreight,tax,andotherexpenses,
lessanyadjustments,suchasSection179ExpenseDeductionandsalvagevalue.
costcenter(n)~Anoperatingunitwhosemanagersareaccountableforbudgetedand
actualexpenditures.
CostIncrease(PN)~Acalculatedfieldthatsubtractsthetotalbudgetedcostfromthetotal
actualcostandthendividesthatvaluebythetotalbudgetedcost.Thisvalueisthen
multipliedby100.
costline(n)~Thepartofacosttemplatethatspecifiesoneormorecategoriesthatform
thebasisofacostestimate.
costofgoodssold(n)~Anaccountingcategoryusedtosumthefinancialconsequencesof
manufacturingproductsandcarryinginventory.
costperclick(n)~Theamountanadvertiser’saccountischargedeachtimethe
advertiser’sadisclickedbyasearchuserorsitevisitor.
costperformanceindex(n)~Theratioofbudgetedcostsofworkperformedtoactual
costsofworkperformed[BCWP/ACWP].ThecumulativeCPI[sumoftheBCWPforall
tasksdividedbythesumoftheACWPforalltasks]canbeusedtopredictwhethera
projectwillgooverbudget.
costproject(n)~Aninternalprojectforwhichcostsofhours,expenses,anditemscanbe
registered,butnotcapitalized.
costratetable(n)~Acollectionofinformationaboutaresource’srates,includingthe
standardrate,overtimerate,anyper-usecost,andthedatewhenthepayratetakeseffect.
Youcanestablishuptofivedifferentcostratetablesforeachresource.
costresource(n)~Aresourcethatdoesn’tdependontheamountofworkonataskorthe
durationofatask,suchasairfareorlodging.
costtemplate(n)~Amethodforapplyingestimatesonfixed-priceprojectsand
investmentprojects.
costvariance(n)~Thedifferencebetweenanexpectedcostandanactualcost.
costed(adj)~Pertainingtosomethingforwhichanestimateorcosthasbeenprovided.
costed(v)~Tocalculate,assign,andallocatethecostofeconomicresourcesacquired,
produced,ordeliveredbyanorganization.
costing(n)~Theprocessofcalculating,assigning,andallocatingthecostofeconomic
resourcesacquired,produced,ordeliveredbyanorganization.
countwindow(n)~Awindowwithavariablewindowsizethatmovesalongatimeline
witheachdistincteventstarttime.
countXPath(n)~AnXPathexpressionthatreturnsanumericvaluetoberenderedwithin
parenthesesafterthedisplaynameoftheobject.
countdowntimer(n)~Amechanismthatmeasurestheremainingtimefromapreset
amountoftimeandsoundsanalarmwhenthistimehaselapsed.
counter(n)~Inprogramming,avariableusedtokeepcountofsomething.
counter(n)~Aglobalintegervariablethatisusedinarunbook.
counterset(n)~Asetofsystemperformancecountersthatareusefultomonitorduringa
loadtest.Countersetsareorganizedbytechnology,forexample,ASP.NETorSQL
countersets.
countersetmap(n)~Anassociationbetweenacountersetandacomputerusedduringa
loadtest.Forexample,aWebservermighthaveASP.NET,IIS,and.NETapplication
countersetmappings.
counterthreshold(n)~Thethresholdatwhichalertsaretriggered.Therearetwotypesof
thresholds:warningandcritical.Countersetdefinitionscontainpredefinedthresholdsfor
manykeyperformanceindicators.
CounterbalanceArrows(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowtwoopposing
ideasorconcepts.EachofthefirsttwolinesofLevel1textcorrespondstoanarrowand
workswellwithLevel2text.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyou
switchlayouts.
counterfeitsoftware(n)~Softwarethatasystembuilderdoesnotobtainfroman
authorizeddistributor,orthataroyaltyOEMdoesnotobtainfromanauthorized
replicator.Counterfeitsoftwareusuallyhasmanyofthefollowingproblems:missing
drivers,missingdocumentation,viruses,bugs,andotherdefects.Installinglegitimate
Microsoftproductshelpsensurethequalityofyourproducts,preventscustomerproblems,
andreducesrequestsforcustomersupport.
countersign(v)~Tosignadocumentalreadysignedbytheotherparty.
countersignature(n)~Asignatureofanexistingsignatureandmessageorasignatureof
anexistingsignature.Acountersignatureisusedtosigntheencryptedhashofanexisting
signatureortotimestampamessage.
counter-signature(n)~Asignatureofanexistingsignatureandmessageorasignatureof
anexistingsignature.Acountersignatureisusedtosigntheencryptedhashofanexisting
signatureortotimestampamessage.
countingloop(n)~Inaprogram,agroupofstatementsthatarerepeated,thereby
incrementingavariableusedasacounter(forexample,aprogrammightrepeatacounting
loopthatadds1toitscounteruntilthecounterequals10).
Country(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#2.
country/region-specific(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofhardwareorsoftware
thatusescharactersorconventionsuniquetoaparticularcountry/regionorgroupof
countries/regions.Country/region-specificdoesnotnecessarilyrefertospokenlanguages,
althoughitdoesallowforspecialcharacters(suchasaccentmarks)thatarelanguagespecific.Generally,thefeaturesconsideredcountry/region-specificincludekeyboard
layout(includingspecial-characterkeys),timeanddateconventions,financialand
monetarysymbols,decimalnotation(decimalpointorcomma),andalphabeticsorting
order.Suchfeaturesarehandledeitherbyacomputer’soperatingsystemorbyapplication
programsthatofferoptionsfortailoringdocumentstoaparticularsetofnational/regional
orinternationalconventions.
CourierSender(n)~AConfigurationManagercommunicationmechanismthatenables
youtocreateandsendpackageinformationtoanotherConfigurationManagersite
throughnon-networkchannels.
course(n)~Aseriesofclassesthatcoveraspectsofasubjectarea.
coursecode(n)~Anumberorcodethataneducationalinstitutionusestoidentifya
particularclass.
Coursera(PN)~Aneducationplatformthatpartnerswithtopuniversitiesand
organizationsworldwide,tooffercoursesonlineforanyonetotake,forfree.
courtesycopy(n)~Adirectivetoane-mailprogramtosendacompletecopyofagiven
pieceofmailtoanotherindividual.Theuseofccmailaddressing,asopposedtodirectly
addressingthemailtoaperson,generallyimpliesthattherecipientisnotrequiredtotake
anyaction;themessageisforinformationalpurposesonly.Inaccdirective,thefactthat
thisrecipientreceivedthemailisprintedinthemailheaderandisthusknowntoallother
recipients.
covariance(n)~Astatisticalmeasureofthetendencyoftwovariablestochangein
conjunctionwitheachother.Itisequaltotheproductoftheirstandarddeviationsand
correlationcoefficients.
covariance(n)~Inprogramminglanguages,theabilitytouseamorederivedtypethan
thatoriginallyspecified.Covarianceingenericinterfacesanddelegatesallowsforimplicit
conversionofgenerictypeparameters.Covarianceisalsosupportedfornon-generic
delegatesformatchingmethodsignatureswithdelegatetypes.
cover(n)~Thephotodisplayedatthetopofanalbum,andusedtorepresentthewhole
albumwhenalbumsareshowninlistview.Itisalsousedtodescribetherepresentative
photoinastack(ofnearduplicatephotos).
coverinserter(n)~Anadditional(usuallyoptional)unitonhigh-endcopymachinesthat
allowsuserstoinsertpre-printedcovers,tabsandchapterseparatorsintodocuments.
coverletter(n)~Aletterthatservestointroduceaccompanyingdocumentstothe
recipient.Oftenreferstoalettersentwitharesumewhenapplyingforajob.
coverphoto(n)~Thephotodisplayedatthetopofanalbum,andusedtorepresentthe
wholealbumwhenalbumsareshowninlistview.Itisalsousedtodescribethe
representativephotoinastack(ofnearduplicatephotos).
coveragecollection(n)~Informationcollectedatruntimeaboutwhichblocksorlinesof
anapplicationareexecutedatleastonce.
coveragemap(n)~Adigitalmapindicatingtheareainwhichonecanexpectgoodcellphonereceptionfromaspecificmobileoperator.
COW(n)~Pageprotectionthatallowsmultipleapplicationstomaptheirvirtualaddress
spacestosharethesamephysicalpagesuntilanapplicationneedstomodifythepageand
haveitsowninstancecopy,whichallowsthevirtualmemorymanagertosavememory
andexecutiontime.
coworkershape(n)~Inanorganizationchart,ashapenexttoanothershapethatis
connectedtothesamesuperior(ormanager)shape.
CPA(oth)~AnorganizationthatspecifiespaymentformatsforCanada.
CPF(n)~An11-digitidentificationnumberissuedtoBraziliansandresidentaliensbythe
BrazilianMinistryofRevenueforidentificationandtaxpurposes.
CPI(n)~Aprogramminginterfaceusedtobuildandmaintainunattendedinstallation
answerfilesandconfigurationsetsbyaddingsecurityfixes,changingdrivers,andso
forth.
CPI(n)~Theratioofbudgetedcostsofworkperformedtoactualcostsofworkperformed
[BCWP/ACWP].ThecumulativeCPI[sumoftheBCWPforalltasksdividedbythesum
oftheACWPforalltasks]canbeusedtopredictwhetheraprojectwillgooverbudget.
CPM(n)~Aprojectmanagementmethodofcalculatingthetotaldurationofaproject
basedonindividualtaskdurationsandtheirdependencies.
cps~(CharactersPerSecond)-Ameasureofhowquicklyinformation,particularlytext,is
beingtransferredoveramodemlinkornetwork.Seealso-bps.
CPU(n)~Thecomputationalandcontrolunitofacomputer.TheCPUisthedevicethat
interpretsandexecutesinstructions.Mainframesandearlyminicomputerscontained
circuitboardsfullofintegratedcircuitsthatimplementedtheCPU.Single-chipcentral
processingunits,calledmicroprocessors,madepossiblepersonalcomputersand
workstations.
CPU~(CentralProcessingUnit)-Thenervecentreofthecomputer:everythingflows
throughit.Oftenjustcalled‘theprocessor’.ThebestknownPCprocessorsare
Intel’s-Pentium-andAMD’sAthlon.
CPUbusy(n)~ASQLServerstatisticthatreportsthetime,inmilliseconds,thatthe
centralprocessingunit(CPU)spentonSQLServerwork.
CPUcap(n)~ThemaximumamountofCPUtimethatcanbeconsumedbyeach
processortoensurethatnoapplicationnorvirtualmachineblocksthesystem.Thisis
mostlyusedinvirtualization.
CPUcapping(n)~TheuseofCPUcaps.
CPUspeed(n)~Arelativemeasureofthedata-processingcapacityofaparticularcentral
processingunit(CPU),usuallymeasuredinmegahertz.
CPUtime(n)~Inmultiprocessing,theamountoftimeduringwhichaparticularprocess
hasactivecontroloftheCPU(centralprocessingunit).
CPU-bound(oth)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofasituationinwhichthe
performanceofacomputerislimitedbythenumberofarithmeticoperationsthe
microprocessormustperform.Whenasystemiscomputation-bound,themicroprocessor
isoverloadedwithcalculations.
Crack,cracked~Acrackisasmallprogramintendedtodefeatsoftware’scopy
protection,thusallowingunlicensedcopiestobemade-stealingit,ineffect.Softwarethat
isdistributedwithitscopyprotectiondisabledorbypassedhasbeen‘cracked’.
cradle(v)~Toplaceamobiledeviceinacradletoconnecttoadesktopcomputer.
Craigslist~Craigslistisacentralizednetworkofonlinecommunitiesfeaturingfree
onlineclassifiedadvertisements,withsectionsdevotedtojobs,housing,personals,for
sale,services,community,gigs,résumés,anddiscussion
forums.-http://www.craigslist.org/
Craquelure(PN)~Aliveeffectthatsimulatesfinecracksinpaintorenamelonthe
surfaceofanobject.
crash(v)~Forasystemorprogram,tofailtofunctioncorrectly,resultinginthe
suspensionofoperation.
crash(n)~Thefailureofeitheraprogramoradiskdrive.Aprogramcrashresultsinthe
lossofallunsaveddataandcanleavetheoperatingsystemunstableenoughtorequire
restartingthecomputer.Adiskdrivecrash,sometimescalledadiskcrash,leavesthedrive
inoperableandcancauselossofdata.
Crash~Whenacomputerprogramoroperatingsystemstopsworkingcompletelyor
almostcompletelyit(orthecomputer)issaidtohave‘crashed’.Whenacomputercrashes
itusuallyneedstoberebooted-beforeitcanbeusedagain.Seealso-lockup.
crashdump(n)~Abinaryfilethataprogrammercanloadintoadebuggertoanalyzethe
causeofthecrash.Itcontainsthecontentsofthememorywhenthecrashoccurred.
CrashDumpType(n)~SpecifiesthefileformatDr.Watsonwillusetostorethe
information.TheFullformatcontainstheentirememoryspaceoftheprogram,aswellas
theprogramimageitself,thehandletable,andotherinformationthatwillbeusefultothe
debugger.TheMiniformatmayincludethefullmemoryandhandletable,oritmay
simplycontaininformationaboutasinglethread.TheWindowsNT4.0-compatibleFull
formatprovidesyouwiththeopportunitytouseoldertoolstoanalyzethedumpfile.
CrashDumpTypeisonlyavailablewhenyouhaveselectedtheCreateCrashDumpFile
checkbox.
crashrecovery(n)~Theabilityofacomputertoresumeoperationafteradisastrous
failure,suchasthefailureofaharddrive.Ideally,recoverycanoccurwithoutanylossof
data,althoughusuallysome,ifnotall,dataislost.
Crate(PN)~Acompressioncontainerformat(.cr8)inWindowsthatlargelyreplacesthe
CABformatinallservicingscenarios.Thisformatextendsbeyondservicingandisa
compressionsolutionforfilesharingingeneral.
crawl(v)~Tocompileandorganizeentriesforasearchengineorcontentindexby
readingWebpagesorothercontent.
crawl(n)~Theprocessofscanningcontenttocompileandmaintainanindex.
crawllog(n)~Asetofpropertiesthatprovidesinformationabouttheresultsofcrawlinga
displayURL.Theinformationincludeswhetherthecrawlwassuccessful,thecontent
sourcetowhichthedisplayURLbelongs,andthelevel,message,time,andidentifierfor
anyerrorsthatoccur.
crawlrule(n)~AsetofpreferencesthatappliestoaspecificURLorrangeofURLsthat
youcanusetoincludeorexcludeitemsyouwanttocrawlandspecifythecontentaccess
accounttousewhencrawlingthatURLorrange.
crawlscope(n)~Acollectionofdatastores(identifiablebyURL)thatrepresentscontent
thattheindexercrawlsandindexes.
CrawlScopeManager(PN)~Thesetofinterfacesthatprovidesmethodstoinformthe
WindowsSearchengineaboutcontainerstocrawlanditemsunderthosecontainersto
includeinorexcludefromthecatalog.
Crawler~AprogramthatindexespagesontheWorldWideWebforsearchengines.
crawlerimpactrule(n)~ArulethatappliestoaspecificURLorrangeofURLson
whichyoucanconfigurecrawlingtoreducetheresourcesthatareusedontheserverthat
isbeingcrawled.
crawlingaccount(n)~AnaccountusedtocrawlWebsites,serversandnetworkresources
includedinacontentindex.
CRC(n)~Aprocedureusedincheckingforerrorsindatatransmission.CRCerror
checkingusesacomplexcalculationtogenerateanumberbasedonthedatatransmitted.
Thesendingdeviceperformsthecalculationbeforetransmissionandincludesitinthe
packetthatitsendstothereceivingdevice.Thereceivingdevicerepeatsthesame
calculationaftertransmission.Ifbothdevicesobtainthesameresult,itisassumedthatthe
transmissionwaserrorfree.Theprocedureisknownasaredundancycheckbecauseeach
transmissionincludesnotonlydatabutextra(redundant)error-checkingvalues.
CommunicationsprotocolssuchasXMODEMandKermitusecyclicalredundancy
checking.
create(v)~Tobringanobjectintoexistencebyallocatingthenecessarystoragespaceand
givingvaluestoitsattributes.
CreateConsoleScopeWizard(n)~Awizardthatallowstheusertodefineaconsole
scope,thecomputergroupsassociatedwiththeconsolescope,andtheusersassociated
withtheconsolescope.
CreateDeploymentPackageWizard(n)~AwizardyouuseinMobileDeployment
Managertocreateadeploymentpackage.
CreateInstallationItemWizard(n)~AwizardyouuseinMobileDeploymentManager
tocreateaninstallationitem.
createmode(n)~Themodeinwhichcertaininformationisnotavailableforeditonthe
pageuntilthepageissavedaftercreation.Anexampleofthiswouldbetheopportunity
recordpages,wheretheopportunityhastobesavedbeforeproductscanbeadded.
CreateNewGroup(PN)~Amenuitemthatcreatesanewgroupfortheuser’sContacts
list.
CreateTaskWizard(n)~Awizardthatallowstheusertocreatenewtasksthatcanbe
runindifferentlocations,forexample,intheOperatorconsoleoronanagent-managed
computer.
CreativeAssetManager(PN)~AMicrosoftAdvertisingprogramthatadvertisersuseto
upload,organize,preview,andvalidatecreatives.
creativecontent(n)~Thecontentthatistobeplacedonanadvertisingschedule.Inthe
advertisingindustry,creativedenotesownershipofthecontent.Youcannotchangeany
aspectoftheadwithoutapprovalfromthecompanythatownstheadyouarerunning.
creator(n)~OntheAppleMacintosh,theprogramthatcreatesafile.Filesarelinkedto
theircreatorsbycreatorcodes;thislinkenablestheoperatingsystemtoopenthecreator
applicationwhenadocumentfileisopened.
creator(n)~Theentityprimarilyresponsibleforcreatingthecontentresource(thatis,the
author).
CredentialLocker(PN)~AfeatureofWindowswhereauser’scredentialsaresecurely
stored.
CredentialManager(PN)~Acommoncredentialstoreandinterfacethatisusedtosave
andmanageusercredentials,suchasusernamesandpasswords,soyoucaneasilylogon
toWebsitesandconnecttootherresources,suchascomputers.
credentialprompt(n)~Adialogboxthatappearswhenauserisrequestedtoconfirm
whetheranadministrativeprocessshouldbepermittedtostart.Theusercanapprovethe
processbyprovidingausernameandpasswordforanadministratoraccount,ortheuser
cancanceltheprocessbyclickingCancel.
CredentialProvider(n)~Atoolthatprovidesinformation,whichincludesidentification
andproofofidentification,thatisusedtogainaccesstolocalandnetworkresources.
CredentialVaultService(PN)~Abehind-the-sceneservicethatispartofCredential
Managerandthatactuallydoestheworkofcreatingandmanagingusercredentialsto
allowuserstologonacrossmachinesandsites.
credentials(n)~Informationthatincludesidentificationandproofofidentificationthatis
usedtogainaccesstolocalandnetworkresources.Examplesofcredentialsareuser
namesandpasswords,smartcards,andcertificates.
credentialslock(n)~AtypeofdevicelockinWindowsMobilethatrequirestheuserto
entercredentialstogainaccesstophoneresources.
credit(v)~Toenteranamountthatdecreasesthebalanceofanassetorexpenseaccount
orincreasesaliability,ownersequityorrevenueaccount.
credit(n)~Anaccountentrythattypicallyincreasesliabilities,owners’equity,orincome,
anddecreasesassetsorexpenses.
creditadvice(n)~Anofficialnoticeofabankcredittransaction.
creditbalancetransaction(n)~Atransactionwithanunappliedbalancethatdecreases
thecustomer’sorsupplier’sbalance.Examplesincludecreditmemos,returns,payments,
andreceipts.
creditcard(n)~Atypeofpaymentcardwherethesupplierispaidbythecardissuer.The
cardholderthenpaysthecardissuer.
creditcardauthorization(n)~Theprocessofverifyingthecreditcardholder’s
identificationandcreditworthinessbeforeasalesorderisprocessedandfulfilled.
creditcardcapture(n)~Theprocessofverifyingthecreditcardholder’sidentification
andcreditworthinesswhenasalesorderisfulfilled.
creditcardpreauthorization(n)~Theprocessofverifyingthecreditcardholder’s
identificationandcreditworthinessbeforeasalesorderisprocessedandfulfilled.The
merchantasksthecreditcardcompanytoreducethecustomer’screditlinebytheinvoice
amountwithoutchargingtheaccount.Thepreauthorizationusuallyexpiresafterafixed
periodoftimedefinedbythecreditcardprocessor.
credithold(n)~Arestrictionplacedbythevendorthatpreventsabusinessorcustomer
fromchargingforworkorgoods.
Credithold(n)~Afieldnameontheaccountform.TheusercansetthisfieldtoYesor
Nodependingonwhetherthereisaholdontheaccount.
creditlimit(n)~Alimitplacedbyavendoronthemonetaryamountthatabusinessor
customercancharge.
Creditlimit(n)~Afieldnameontheaccountform.Theuserenterstheamountindollars
thatrepresentsthemaximumlimitoftheaccount.
creditlimitcheck(n)~Acalculationtodeterminewhetheracustomer’soutstanding
balanceiswithinthemaximumcreditallowedforthatcustomer.
creditnote(n)~Aninvoicewithanegativeamount.
Crime(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheComputerEntertainmentRating
Organization(CERO).
criteria(n)~Conditionsyouspecifytolimitwhichrecordsareincludedintheresultsetof
aqueryorfilter.
Criteriapane(n)~Theareaofthewindowthatdisplaysthecriteriausedtolimitthe
recordsincludedintheresultsetofyourquery.
criticalalert(n)~Analertthatindicatesthataprotectiongrouprequiresimmediate
attention.Criticalproblemsarecausedbysignificantabnormal(unexpected)behaviorthat
affectsdataprotectedbyDPS.
criticalexception(oth)~Anexceptionthatleadstoamonitoredcomponent’sfailure.For
ASP.NETapplications,acriticalexceptionresultsintheuserseeingeitherthestandardor
acustomerrorpage.Forwebservices,criticalexceptionsarethosethatASP.NET
serializesintovalidSOAPmessagesontheserver-side,anddeserializestoSOAP
exceptionsontheASP.NETclient.
criticalfile(n)~Afilethatiscrucialforthesystemtoperform.
criticalpath(n)~Theseriesofactivitiesthatdeterminesthedurationoftheproject.Ina
deterministicmodel,thecriticalpathisusuallydefinedasthoseactivitieswithfloatless
thanorequaltoaspecifiedvalue,oftenzero.Itisthelongestpaththroughtheproject.
criticalpath(n)~Theseriesoftasksthatmustbecompletedonscheduleforaprojectto
finishonschedule.Eachtaskonthecriticalpathisacriticaltask.
criticalpathmethod(n)~Aprojectmanagementmethodofcalculatingthetotalduration
ofaprojectbasedonindividualtaskdurationsandtheirdependencies.
criticalsection(n)~Asegmentofcodewhichisnotreentrant;thatis,itdoesnotsupport
concurrentaccessbymultiplethreads.Often,acriticalsectionisusedtoprotectshared
resources.
criticaltask(n)~Ataskthatmustbecompletedonschedulefortheprojecttofinishon
time.Ifacriticaltaskisdelayed,theprojectcompletiondatemightalsobedelayed.A
seriesofcriticaltasksmakesupaproject’scriticalpath.
criticalupdate(n)~Abroadlyreleasedfixforaspecificproblemaddressingacritical,
non-securityrelatedbug.
CRL(n)~Adocumentmaintainedandpublishedbyacertificationauthoritythatlists
certificatesthathavebeenrevoked.
CRLissuer(n)~Theorganization(CA)whichissuedtheCRL.
CRM(n)~Theprocessofbuildingprofitablecustomerrelationshipsthroughthedelivery
ofhighlytargetedinteractionsatallcustomertouchpointsbyaligningmarketing,sales
andservicefunctionsandsystems.
CRM(PN)~TheBusinesssubcategorycontainingappstohelpcompaniesmanage
customerrelationsandretention.
CRMBackEndServer(PN)~Aback-endserverinCRMthatrunstheserverroles,incl.
AsynchronousProcessingService,SandboxService,andSharePointIntegrationService.
CRMFrontEndServer(PN)~Afront-endserverinCRMthatrunsanumberofserver
roles,incl.theWebApplicationServer,OrganizationWebService,DiscoveryWeb
ServiceandHelpServer.
CRMMobileCustomization(n)~Atoolusedtocreateviewsthatareavailabletoall
mobileusers.Eachviewdefinesasubsetofdatathatisdesignedtofitonthescreenofthe
mobiledevice,andcanincludedatafromanyMicrosoftCRMattributesinsupported
recordtypes.CRMMobileCustomizationisalsousedtocustomizeformsusedbythe
CRMMobileapplicationonthedevice.
CRMMobileperimeternetworkcomponents(n)~TheMicrosoftCRMMobile
componentsthatareinstalledonaperimeternetworkIISserverineitherthestandardor
traditionalperimeternetworkconfigurationtoprovidesecureregistrationand
synchronizationwhenMicrosoftCRMMobileisavailableovertheInternet.
CRMMobileservercomponents(n)~Componentsthatyouusetoregisterdevices,
performtheinitialprovisioning,andperformsynchronizationofdatabetweenthemobile
deviceandtheMicrosoftCRMserverforavarietyofnetworkconfigurations.Includes
twotoolsforsystemadministrators:CRMMobileCustomizationandMobileDeployment
Manager
CRM-ExchangeE-mailRouter(PN)~Asoftwarecomponentthatprovidesaninterface
betweentheMicrosoftCRMsystemandExchange2000orExchange2003.
crop(v)~Totrimtheverticalorhorizontaledgesofanobject.Picturesareoftencropped
tofocusattentiononaparticulararea.
cropmark(n)~Amarkthatshowswhereapublicationpagewillbetrimmed.
crosshair(n)~Intersectinglinesusedbysomecomputerinputdevicestolocatea
particularx-y-coordinate.
crosshatch(n)~Shadingmadeupofregularlyspaced,intersectinglines.
crossjoin(n)~Alogicaloperatorwhichjoinseachrowfromthefirst(top)inputwith
eachrowfromthesecond(bottom)input.ItcanalsobecalledaCartesianjoin,sinceit
returnstheCartesianproductofthetwotables.
crossreferenceobject(n)~AnobjectinwhichActiveDirectorystoresinformationabout
directorypartitionsandexternaldirectoryservices.
crosssell(n)~Aspecifictypeofrelatedsellthatsuggeststousersaproductrelatedtothe
product(s)theyalreadyhaveintheirbaskets.
cross-databaseownershipchaining(n)~Anownershipchainthatspansmorethanone
database.
cross-docking(n)~Adistributionpracticeinwhichitemsflowfromreceivingto
shipping,withlimitedornostoragerequired.
cross-domainbarrier(n)~AnInternetExplorersecurityfeaturethatstopsscriptsand
DocumentObjectModel(DOM)objectsfromexecutingacrossdomains.
cross-domainlibrary(n)~AJavaScriptlibraryavailableinappsforSharePointtoallow
cross-domainclient-levelcommunication.
crossfade(n)~Amethodofsmoothlymovingfromonevideocliporphototoanother.
Withacrossfadetransition,theframesintheplayingclipfadeoutastheframesinthenew
clipfadein.Inthefilmindustry,thesameprocessiscalledadissolve.
cross-foot(v)~Toaddamountsacrossarow(horizontally).Theresultingtotalcanbe
checkedagainstatotalobtainedbyfooting(addingamountsvertically).
cross-forestauthentication(n)~Anauthenticationfeaturethatenablessecureaccessto
resourceswhentheuseraccountisinoneforestandthecomputeraccountisinanother
forest.Thisfeatureallowsuserstosecurelyaccessresourcesinotherforests,usingeither
KerberosorNTLM,withoutsacrificingthesinglesign-onandadministrativebenefitsof
havingonlyoneuserIDandpasswordmaintainedintheuser’shomeforest.
cross-forestmember(n)~Amemberofasecuritygroupwhoseuseraccountisina
differentforestfromthegroupaccount.
cross-functionalflowchart(n)~Atypeofflowchartthatshowstherelationshipbetween
abusinessprocessandthefunctionalunits(suchasdepartments)responsibleforthat
process.
cross-hatching(n)~Shadingmadeupofregularlyspaced,intersectinglines.Crosshatchingisoneofseveralmethodsforfillinginareasofagraphic.
crossingextent(n)~Theextentofacrossingfileoccupyingspaceonthevolumeofthe
owningfile.
cross-modelassociation(n)~Arelationshipthatallowsuserstodefinelinksbetween
referencedataelementstoenablefactdatamovement.
cross-modelmapping(n)~Aone-to-onecorrespondencethatabusinessrulecan
establishbetweenmembersordimensionsoftwoseparatemodels.
Crossover(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#139.
crossovercable(n)~Atypeofcablethatfacilitatesnetworkcommunications.Acrossover
cableinterconnectstwocomputersbyreversingtheirrespectivepincontacts.
cross-pageposting(n)~InASP.NETWebpages,theprocessofsubmittingapagetoa
specifiedtargetpageincontrasttosubmittingthepagetoitself.
cross-platform(adj)~Of,pertainingto,orcharacteristicofasoftwareapplicationor
hardwaredevicethatcanberunoroperatedonmorethanonesystemplatform.
cross-premisesdeployment(n)~Adeploymentmodelinwhichpartofatenant
organization’smailboxes,files,orotherservices,arehostedandpartofthemarenot
hostedbutinsteadexistintheorganization’sownon-premisesdeployment.
cross-projectlink(n)~Arelationshipinwhichthestartorfinishdateofataskdepends
onataskinanotherproject.
cross-sitepublishing(n)~Acontentpublishingmodelinwhichmultiplesitesselectand
republishcontentthatisauthoredandmanagedinasinglesourcelocation.
cross-siterequestforgery(n)~AnattackwhereamaliciouswebsitemakesanHTTP
requesttoatargetwebsiteinsuchawaythatthewebsitethinksthattherequestispartofa
legitimateuser’ssession.
cross-slide(n)~Atouch-optimizedtechniqueforselectingormovinganitemwithina
contentareathatispannableinonedirectiononly.
crosstabquery(n)~Aquerythatcalculatesasum,average,count,orothertypeoftotal
onrecords,andthengroupstheresultbytwotypesofinformation:onedowntheleftside
ofthedatasheetandtheotheracrossthetop.
crosstabreport(n)~Printedinformationabouttasksandresourcesoveraspecifiedtime
period.TherearefivepredefinedcrosstabreportsinProject:CashFlow,Crosstab,
ResourceUsage,TaskUsage,andWhoDoesWhatWhen.
cross-validation(n)~Amethodforevaluatingtheaccuracyofadataminingmodel.
cross-varyingdimension(n)~InOLAPterminology,alistingofallvalidtuplesbyrule.
Crow’sFoot(n)~Aspecificationlanguagefordescribingdatastructures.Youcanusethe
Crow’sFootentityandrelationshipshapestodiagramthestructureofdatabases.
CRT(n)~Thebasisofthetelevisionscreenandthestandardmicrocomputerdisplay
screen.ACRTdisplayisbuiltaroundavacuumtubecontainingoneormoreelectronguns
whoseelectronbeamsrapidlysweephorizontallyacrosstheinsideofthefrontsurfaceof
thetube,whichiscoatedwithamaterialthatglowswhenirradiated.Eachelectronbeam
movesfromlefttoright,toptobottom,onehorizontalscanlineatatime.Tokeepthe
screenimagefromflickering,theelectronbeamrefreshesthescreen30timesormoreper
second.Theclarityoftheimageisdeterminedbythenumberofpixelsonthescreen.
CRT~(CathodeRayTube)-Theimagingtechnologyusedinolderdesktopmonitors.
Providesanexcellentcolourdisplay,butisextremelybulkyandiswidelybeingreplaced
byflatscreens.
CrudeHumor(n)~AcontentdescriptordevelopedbytheEntertainmentSoftwareRating
Board(ESRB).
crushedmicrodots(n)~Microdotsthataredistortedordamagedbetweenthediffuser
layersoftheSurfacedisplay.
cryptoagility(n)~Theabilityofsoftwaretosupportcustomer-preferredalgorithmsfor
encryption,hashing,entropyanddigitalsignatures.
CryptoAPIDiagnostics(PN)~Autilitythatcanonlybeenabledbyanadministratorand
whichlogseventsassociatedwithanapplicationsuseofcertificates.
cryptoescrowkey(n)~Asecondaryencryptionkeythatprovidestheabilityforan
authorizedITHelpdeskadministratortoopenanencrypteddocumentwhenthepassword
islost.
cryptokey(n)~Apieceofdatathatisrequiredtoinitializeacryptographicalgorithm.
cryptoset(n)~Aspecificgroupofcryptographysettings.
crypto-acceleratorboard(n)~Ahardwaredevicethatspeedsupcryptographic
operationsbyoffloadingoperationstoaspecialprocessorontheboard.
CryptoAPI(n)~An(API)thatisprovidedaspartofMicrosoftWindows.CryptoAPI
providesasetoffunctionsthatallowapplicationstoencryptordigitallysigndataina
flexiblemannerwhileprovidingprotectionfortheuser’ssensitiveprivatekeydata.Actual
cryptographicoperationsareperformedbyindependentmodulesknownas(CSPs).
CryptoAPI2.0(n)~TheAPIthatsupportsPKIandX.509certificates,suchascertificate
chainvalidation,certificatestores,andsignatureverification.
CryptoAPIComponentObjectModel(PN)~AMicrosoftActiveXcontrolthatprovides
aComponentObjectModel(COM)interfacetoMicrosoftCryptoAPI,whichexposesa
selectsetofCryptoAPIfunctionstoapplicationdevelopers.
cryptographicagility(n)~Theabilityofsoftwaretosupportcustomer-preferred
algorithmsforencryption,hashing,entropyanddigitalsignatures.
cryptographicalgorithm(n)~Amathematicalfunctionusedforencryptionand
decryption.Mostcryptographicalgorithmsarebasedonasubstitutioncipher,a
transpositioncipher,oracombinationofboth.
cryptographicdigest(n)~Theresultofaone-wayhashfunctionthattakesavariablelengthinputstringandconvertsittoafixed-lengthoutputstring.Thisfixed-lengthoutput
stringisprobabilisticallyuniqueforeverydifferentinputstringandthuscanactasa
fingerprintofafile.Itcanbeusedtodeterminewhetherafilewastamperedwith.
cryptographickey(n)~Apieceofdatathatisrequiredtoinitializeacryptographic
algorithm.
cryptographicserviceprovider(n)~Anindependentsoftwaremodulethatperforms
cryptographyalgorithmsforauthentication,encoding,andencryption.
cryptographicset(n)~Aspecificgroupofcryptographysettings.
cryptography(n)~Thestudyoranalysisofcodesandencodingmethodsusedtosecure
information.Cryptographyisusedtoprovideconfidentiality,dataintegrity,authentication
(entityanddataorigin),andnonrepudiation.
CryptographyApplicationProgrammingInterface(n)~An(API)thatisprovidedas
partofMicrosoftWindows.CryptoAPIprovidesasetoffunctionsthatallowapplications
toencryptordigitallysigndatainaflexiblemannerwhileprovidingprotectionforthe
user’ssensitiveprivatekeydata.Actualcryptographicoperationsareperformedby
independentmodulesknownas(CSPs).
CryptographyNextGeneration(PN)~AreplacementoftheCryptoAPIthatenables
supportforSuiteBcryptographicalgorithmssuchasellipticcurvecryptography(ECC).
CSAuthenticationresource(n)~ACommerceServerresourcewithglobal-level
properties,managedthroughCommerceServerManager.UseCSAuthenticationto
configureauthenticationoptionsforasite.
CSATIndex(n)~Asurveysolutiontoallowuserstounderstandandactoncustomer
feedback.
CSDL(n)~AnXML-basedlanguagethatisusedtodefinetheentitytypes,associations,
entitycontainers,entitysets,andassociationsetsofaconceptualmodel.
CSF(n)~Adevelopmentframeworkforthetargeteddeliveryofcontent.TheContent
SelectionFramework(CSF)providesthecomponentsyouusetobuildabusiness-specific
messagingsystem.CSFprovidesaplatformformakinghigh-speeddecisionstotarget
contenttousers.
CSFMoption(n)~AnareaontheSpamFilterpagethatgivesITadministratorsthe
abilitytoselectvariouscontentattributesofamessagethateitherincreasethepotentialfor
themessagetobequarantinedasspam(thespamscore’)orabsolutelyquarantine
messagesthatcontainspecificattributes.’
CSLIP(n)~AversionofSLIPusingcompressedInternetaddressinformation,thereby
makingtheprotocolfasterthanSLIP.
C-SLIP(n)~AversionofSLIPusingcompressedInternetaddressinformation,thereby
makingtheprotocolfasterthanSLIP.
CSM(n)~Seeclient-sidemonitoring.CSMisacommontagusedwhenclient-side
monitoringisturnedonforanapplication.Forexample,CSMCollector.
CSM(PN)~ThesetofinterfacesthatprovidesmethodstoinformtheWindowsSearch
engineaboutcontainerstocrawlanditemsunderthosecontainerstoincludeinorexclude
fromthecatalog.
CSMCollector(oth)~ApartoftheApplicationPerformanceMonitoring(APM)feature
thatreceivesclienteventsandstatisticsfromendusers.
CSO(PN)~AnInternetdirectoryservicethatmatchesusers’ownnameswithe-mail
addresses,generallyatcollegesanduniversities.TheCSOservice,whichcanbereached
throughGopher,wasoriginallydevelopedattheComputingServicesOfficeatthe
UniversityofIllinois.
CSOM(n)~AsetofAPIsforSharePointproducts.TheseAPIsarebasedontheserver
objectmodel,andcanbecalledfromclientssuchasdesktopPCsandmobiledevices.
CSP(n)~Anindependentsoftwaremodulethatperformscryptographyalgorithmsfor
authentication,encoding,andencryption.
CSP(PN)~TheMicrosoftprogramthatallowsexternalpartnerstosell,setup,and
manageOffice365accountsforsmallbusinesses,aswellassettheirownterms.
CSR(oth)~Anemployeewhoprovidesservicetothecustomersoftheorganizationor
businessunitthroughtheopeningandresolutionofcases,amongotheractivities.
CSR(n)~Technologythatenablesrenderingoperationstobehandledbytheclient.
CSRF(n)~AnattackwhereamaliciouswebsitemakesanHTTPrequesttoatarget
websiteinsuchawaythatthewebsitethinksthattherequestispartofalegitimateuser’s
session.
CSS(n)~AHypertextMarkupLanguage(HTML)specificationdevelopedbyTheWorld
WideWebConsortium(W3C)thatallowsauthorsofHTMLdocumentsanduserstoattach
stylesheetstoHTMLdocuments.Thestylesheetsincludetypographicalinformationon
howthepageshouldappear,suchasthefontofthetextinthepage.Thisspecificationalso
directsthewayinwhichthestylesheetsoftheHTMLdocumentandtheuser’sstylewill
blend.
CSS(n)~AfeatureinCommerceServer2006thatupdatesWebsitechangesfromone
environmenttoanother,forexample,fromatestingenvironmenttoaproduction
environment.ThesechangescanincludeWebsitepages,configurationsettings,and
databaseresources.
CSS~(CascadingStyleSheets)-Asetof-HTML-commandsusedtocontrolthestyleof
webpages,muchmorecomplexthanthetag-setitisintendedtoreplace,butalsomore
powerfulandparticularlyusefulforretainingauniformstyleacrossalargewebsite.
Generallyonlyusedbyprofessionalwebdesigners.
CSSselector(n)~Thenameoftheelementtypetowhichthedisplayinformationapplies.
CSTA(n)~AninternationalstandardestablishedbytheEuropeanComputer
ManufacturersAssociation(ECMA)thatspecifiesanapplication’sinterfaceandprotocols
formonitoringandcontrollingcallsanddevicesinacommunicationsnetwork.
CSV(n)~Adatafileconsistingoffieldsandrecords,storedastext,inwhichthefieldsare
separatedfromeachotherbycommas.
CSV(PN)~AfeaturethatsimplifiestheconfigurationandmanagementofHyper-V
virtualmachinesinfailoverclusters.WithCSV,onafailoverclusterthatrunsHyper-V,
multiplevirtualmachinescanusethesamediskyetfailoverindependentlyofoneanother.
CSVprovidesincreasedflexibilityforvolumesinclusteredstorage-€”forexample,it
allowsyoutokeepsystemfilesseparatefromdatatooptimizediskperformance,evenif
thesystemfilesandthedataarecontainedwithinvirtualharddiskfiles.
CSVimportfile(n)~Acommaseparatedvalue(CSV)fileusedtoprovisionmanynew
usersatonetime.
CSVLK(PN)~Auniquevolumelicensekeyusedtoactivateakeymanagementservice
(KMS)hostortoenablevolumesoftwarelicensestobeissuedandmanagedfromActive
Directory.
CT(n)~Atechniquethatproducesacomputer-processedX-rayimageofacrosssection
ofaninternalorganortissue.
CTAS(PN)~AT-SQLfeature(parallelizedoperation)thatcreatesanewtablebasedon
theoutputofaSELECTstatementusedwhentablewasnotcreatedearlierandneedstobe
createdwhendatafromonetableneedstobeinsertedintoanewlycreatedtablefrom
anothertable,withsamedatatypesasthatoftheselectedcolumns.
CTE(PN)~Atemporaryresultsetthatisdefinedwithintheexecutionscopeofasingle
SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,orCREATEVIEWstatement,similartoa
derivedtableinthatitisnotstoredasanobjectandlastsonlyforthedurationofthequery
butdifferentfromaderivedtable,aspossiblybeingself-referencingandreferenced
multipletimesinthesamequery.
CTI(n)~Thepracticeofusingacomputertocontroloneormoretelephoneand
communicationsfunctions.
CTI(PN)~Acompanythatprovidesreportingcomplianceservices.
CTIevent(n)~Aspecialpunctuationeventthatindicatesthecompletenessoftheexisting
events.
CTL(n)~Asignedlistofrootcertificationauthoritycertificatesthatanadministrator
considersreputablefordesignatedpurposes,suchasclientauthenticationorsecuree-mail.
CTO(n)~Pertainingtotheprocessofmanufacturingacomputeraccordingtoa
customer`sspecificationbycustomizingapre-existingimageofamasterinstallation.
CTP(n)~Theportionofproductoutputfromavailableoperationsresourcesandavailable
inputproductrequiredtofulfillaspecificcustomerrequirement.
CTRL(n)~Akeythat,whenpressedincombinationwithanotherkey,givestheotherkey
analternativemeaning.
CTRLkey(n)~Akeythat,whenpressedincombinationwithanotherkey,givestheother
keyanalternativemeaning.
Ctrl+Break(oth)~Akeyorcombinationofkeysusedtotellacomputertohalt,orbreak
outof,whateveritisdoing.OnIBMPCsandcompatiblesunderDOS,pressingthePause/
BreakorScrollLock/BreakkeywhileholdingdowntheCtrlkeyissuesthebreak
command(asdoesCtrl-C).OnMacintoshcomputers,thekeycombinationthatsendsa
breakcodeisCommand-period.
CTS(n)~Acontrolpacketthatadestinationstationsendstoindicateitsreadinessto
receivedata.Adestinationstationrespondstoarequesttosend(RTS)bytransmittinga
CTS.
CTS(n)~Thespecificationthatdetermineshowthecommonlanguageruntimedefines,
uses,andmanagestypes.
CUA(n)~AclientprogramsuchasMicrosoftOutlook.Calendarinformationcanbesent
betweencalendaruseragentsthatcomplywiththeiCalendarspecification.
cube(n)~Asetofdatathatisorganizedandsummarizedintoamultidimensional
structurethatisdefinedbyasetofdimensionsandmeasures.
CubeBuildService(PN)~AservicethatmanagestheOLAPcubesforProjectServer
reporting.
cubedefinition(n)~Information,storedbytheOLAPCubeWizardinan.oqyfile,that
defineshowtoconstructanOLAPcubeinmemoryusingdataretrievedfromarelational
database.
cuberole(n)~Acollectionofusersandgroupswiththesameaccesstoacube.Acube
roleiscreatedwhenyouassignadatabaseroletoacube,anditappliesonlytothatcube.
cubicBeziercurve(n)~Acurvedescribedbytwoendpointsandtwocontrolpoints.
cue(n)~Anicondepictingastackofpapersthatrepresentfilteredlists.Thecueappears
intheActivitieshomepartontheRoleCenter.Theheightofeachcueroughlyrepresents
thenumberofentitiesintheunderlyinglist;asthenumberofentitiesincreases,theheight
ofthecueincreases.
Cult(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.ID3v1
genreID#58.
culture(n)~Inmanagedcode,aclassofinformationaboutaparticularnationorpeople
includingtheircollectivename,writingsystem,calendarused,andconventionsfor
formattingdatesandsortingstrings.
cumulativethreshold(n)~Themaximumlimitofacumulativetransactionvalue,upto
whichataxonthetransactionvalueisnotcalculated.
cumulativeupdate(n)~Aroll-upupdatethatcontainsallpreviouscriticalon-demand
hotfixestodate.
curate(v)~Editorconfirmasentimentvalueforapost.
curfew(n)~Thetimeortimesduringthedaythatachildisrestrictedfromusingthe
computer.
currency(n)~Anyformofmoney,includingbillsandcoins,usedasamediumof
exchange.
Currency(n)~An8-byte,fixed-pointdatatypethatisusefulforcalculationsinvolving
moneyorforfixed-pointcalculationsinwhichaccuracyisextremelyimportant.The
Currencydatatypeisusedtostorenumberswithupto15digitstotheleftofthedecimal
pointand4digitstotheright.Thetype-declarationcharacterinMicrosoft-©VisualBasic©isanatsign(@).Currencycanrangefrom-922,337,203,685,477.5808to
922,337,203,685,477.5807.
currency(n)~Amediumofexchangeincirculationthatisnotlimitedtomoney.
currencycode(n)~Analphanumericidentifierthatrepresentsacurrencyunit.
currencyconversion(n)~Theprocessofrestatingforeigncurrencyaccountsof
subsidiariesintoequivalentcurrency(usuallythereportingcurrencyoftheparent
company),inordertoprepareconsolidatedfinancialstatementsinthenativecurrencyof
theparentcompany.
currencyconversionrate(n)~Themultiplierusedforconvertingthebasecurrencyof
theWebsitetothebuyercurrencyorsuppliercurrency.
CurrencyConverter(PN)~Acalculatortoolthatconvertsthevalueorquantityofone
currencyintotherelativevaluesorquantitiesofothercurrencies.
currencyexchange(n)~Theprocessofrestatingforeigncurrencyaccountsof
subsidiariesintoequivalentcurrency(usuallythereportingcurrencyoftheparent
company),inordertoprepareconsolidatedfinancialstatementsinthenativecurrencyof
theparentcompany.
currencyLCID(n)~Avaluethatidentifiesthelocaleforcurrencyhandling.Thedefault
valueiszero,whichusesthedefaultlocaleIDoftheserver.
currencylocaleidentifier(n)~Avaluethatidentifiesthelocaleforcurrencyhandling.
Thedefaultvalueiszero,whichusesthedefaultlocaleIDoftheserver.
currencysymbol(n)~Asymbolselectedtodesignateaspecificcurrency.
currencytranslation(n)~Theprocessofrestatingforeigncurrencyaccountsof
subsidiariesintoequivalentcurrency(usuallythereportingcurrencyoftheparent
company),inordertoprepareconsolidatedfinancialstatementsinthenativecurrencyof
theparentcompany.
currencyunit(n)~Adiscretedivisionofcurrencyvalue.
current(Adverb)~Pertainingtoanaccountstatusindicatingthatpaymentsareup-todate.
currentcell(n)~Theselectedcellinwhichdataisenteredwhenyoubegintyping.Only
onecellisactiveatatime.Theactivecellisboundedbyaheavyborder.
CurrentConversationsgroup(n)~Agroup,atthetopoftheContactList,usedtoshow
anyongoingoropeninstantmessagingconversations.
currentcost(n)~Themostrecentpriceofaproductorservice.
currentdirectory(n)~Thefirstdirectoryinwhichtheoperatingsystemlooksfor
programsanddatafilesandstoresfilesforoutput.
currentliability(n)~Anobligationthatisduewithinashortperiodoftime,usuallyone
yearorless,andwhichwillbepaidoutofcurrentassets.
currentperiod(n)~Adynamiccyclepropertythatyousettodefineeitherthestartorend
ofthedataperiodforthecycle.
currentrecord(n)~Therecordinarecordsetthatyoucanmodifyorretrievedatafrom.
Thereisonlyonecurrentrecordinarecordset,butarecordsetmayhavenocurrent
record,forexample,afterarecordhasbeendeletedfromadynaset-typerecordset.
currentregion(n)~Theblockoffilled-incellsthatincludesthecurrentlyselectedcellor
cells.Theregionextendsinalldirectionstothefirstemptyroworcolumn.
currenttimeincrementevent(n)~Aspecialpunctuationeventthatindicatesthe
completenessoftheexistingevents.
currentuser(n)~Theauthenticateduserduringprocessingoperationsinafront-endWeb
serverandaback-enddatabaseserver.
currentversion(n)~VersionofafilemostrecentlystoredinaVisualSourceSafe
database.Thecurrentversionofthefilehasthehighestversionnumber.
curriculumvitae(n)~Adetailedsummaryofone’sacademicandworkhistoryand
experience,includinginformationaboutresearch,publications,and/oracademicor
personalinterestsandachievements.
curriculumvitae(n)~Asummaryofone’sacademicandworkhistory,usuallysubmitted
withajobapplication.
currieddelegate(n)~Adelegatethatishandledthroughcurriedfunctions.
cursor(n)~Arepresentationonthescreenofthemousepointerlocation.Inadocumentor
file,itusuallyappearsasablinkingverticallinetoindicatewhereyoucaninserttextor
graphics.Inotherapplications,itcanappearasacrossorasanarrow.
cursor(n)~Anentitythatmapsoveraresultsetandestablishesapositiononasinglerow
withintheresultset.
Cursor~Therepresentationofthemouseonthescreen.Itmaytakemanydifferent
shapes.Example:I-beam,arrowpointer,andhand.
cursorblinkrate(n)~Therateatwhichthecursorindicatingtheactiveinsertionpointin
atextwindow,orotherdisplayelement,flashesonandoff.
cursorcontroller(n)~Thebuttonandarrowsonamobilekeyboardthatenablecustomers
tomovethetextcursorwithintext.
cursordatatype(n)~Aspecialdatatypeusedtoreferenceacursor.
cursordegradation(n)~Thereturnofadifferenttypeofcursorthantheuserhad
declared.
cursorkey(n)~Anyoffourkeyslabeledwitharrowspointingup,down,left,andright,
usedtomovethecursorverticallyorhorizontallyonthedisplayscreenor,insome
programs,toextendthehighlight.
cursorlibrary(n)~ApartoftheODBCandDB-Libraryapplicationprogramming
interfaces(APIs)thatimplementsclientcursors
curve(n)~InDirectMusic,acontinuousseriesofeventswithastartandendvalue,such
asvolumefade.
curve(n)~Aroundedline.
curve(n)~Ashaperepresentingasinglepathinacoordinatesystem.Thisisanabstract
type;itsimplementationsdefinehowtointerpolatebetweencontrolpoints.
cusp(n)~Apeak,angle,radicalchangeofdirectionorendpointofastroke.
custodian(n)~Someonewhohasfullaccesstoalltheinformationinarecord,withthe
abilitytosee,change,share,anddeleteanyofthatinformation.
custodianaccess(n)~Thehighestlevelofaccess.
customaction(n)~Adropdownmenuitemorribboncomponentthatisaddedtoasite
page.
customadapter(n)~Acustompieceofcodethatadeveloperwritesandplacesbeforea
receivepipelineorafterasendpipelinetointerfacewithadaptersand/orapplications.
CustomAnimationlist(n)~Thelistofanimationsequencesforaslide.Itemsarelisted
intheorderinwhichtheyareadded,andincludeiconsthatindicatetiminginrelationto
otheranimationevents.
customattribute(n)~Aclassusedtorepresentcustommetadata.
custombuildrule(n)~Abuildruledefinedbytheuser,typicallytocallatoolthatisnot
partofthenormalVisualStudiobuildprocess.
customcalculation(n)~AmethodofsummarizingvaluesinthedataareaofaPivotTable
reportbyusingthevaluesinothercellsinthedataarea.UsetheShowdataaslistonthe
PivotTableFielddialogforadatafieldtocreatecustomcalculations.
customclientcontrol(n)~Acustomcontrolauthoredbyauserorathird-partysoftware
vendorinWindowsFormsapplications.
customcollection(n)~Acollectionofaudiofiles(forexample,songs)thatisrepresented
byaninteractiveobjectinMusicandthatyousetupinWindowsMediaPlayer.In
contrast,albumsarepredefinedcollectionsofsongsfromaCDordigitaldownload.
customcolor(n)~AcolorintheVisioapplicationthatisstoredwithashapeasanRGB
orHSLvalueratherthanasanindextothedocument’scolorpalette.Acustomcoloris
savedonlywiththeshapetowhichitisapplied.
customcolorpalette(n)~Asetofcolorsonapalettewithupto256specificcolorentries.
CustomColumns(n)~Agroupingofcolumnheadingsonareport.
CustomConnector(PN)~A.NETassemblycreatedusingVisualStudiothatprovides
customconnectionlogic.
customcontrol(n)~Aformcomponent,suchasatemplatepartorActiveXcontrol,that
isn’tincludedwithInfoPathbydefault.Formdesignerscanaddorremovecustom
controlsbyusingtheControlstaskpane.
customcontrol(n)~Acontrolauthoredbyauserorathird-partysoftwarevendor.
customdevice(n)~Amicrophoneandspeakercombinationconfiguredbytheuserin
LyncandOfficeCommunicator.
customdialogbox(n)~Amodalpop-upformyoucreatetoasktheuserforadditional
informationortodisplayamessage.
customdialogcontrol(n)~Acontrolthatdevelopersusetocreateacustomdialog.
customdictionary(n)~Auserdictionarythatcontainsalistofwordsnotinthe
applicationdictionarythatanauthorwantsthespellingcheckertoacceptascorrect.
customdomain(n)~Adomainnamewhosepurposeistoexpresstheindividualityofthe
persononwhosebehalfitisregistered.Customdomainsareoftensubdomains,and
contrastwithdomainnameswhichresolvetoanorganization(e.g.acompany)oraservice
thatorganizationoffers.
customdriveraccess(n)~DeviceIOControlto3rdpartydriver,aformofrestricted
deviceinterfaceaccessforprivilegedapps
customeditor(n)~Aneditorthatallowsyoutoview,edit,compare,ormergecontent
insideaSourceSafedatabase.
customexpression(n)~Apropertyvaluethatishand-edited.
Customexpression(n)~Anexpressioninsomescriptinglanguagedescribinghowa
valueistobetransformedinflowingfromanattributeofanentryinonedirectorytoan
attributeofanentryinanother.
customextractiondictionary(n)~Auserdefineddictionarythatlistssinglewordsor
phrasesthatthesystemmatchestowordsinthecontentineitheracase-sensitivewayora
case-insensitiveway,dependingonthetypeofdictionarythatisused.
customfield(n)~Afieldyoucancreate.Acustomfieldcanbeablank,combination,or
formulafield.
customform(n)~Aformthatyoucustomizetobetterfityourneeds.
customgroup(n)~Anitemofacustomgroupfield.Acustomgroupcontainstwoor
moreitemsfromaroworcolumnfield.
customgroupfield(n)~Afieldintheroworcolumnareathatcontainscustomgroupsas
itsitems.
custominstall(n)~Atypeofinstallationthatallowstheusertospecifycertaininstallation
settingsandoptions,suchaswhichcomponentswillbeinstalled.
custominstallation(n)~Atypeofinstallationthatallowstheusertospecifycertain
installationsettingsandoptions,suchaswhichcomponentswillbeinstalled.
customlocale(n)~Alocalethatsupportsinternationalproperties,providingamore
culturallyappropriateuserexperiencethanthosefurnishedwiththestandardlocales
shippedbyMicrosoftwiththeoperatingsystem.Theuseofcustomlocalesenables
administratorstoextendthesetoflocalesprovidedbyMicrosoftortoreplacethedataina
localethatshipswithWindows;forexample,currencysymbolsornamesofthemonthsof
theyear.
customlogo(n)~Anorganization’slogothatanadministratorcanuploadtoreplacethe
Office365logointheupper-leftcornerofthewebsite.
custommap(n)~Amapthatyouaddtoyourapplication,asopposedtoamapthatis
availablebydefault(intheapplication).
customorder(n)~User-definedsortorder.Forexample,youcoulddefineacustomsort
ordertodisplayvaluesintheEmployeeTitlecolumnonthebasisofthetitle’sseniority.
customOSimage(n)~Theuser-customizedvirtualharddisks(VHDs)thatdefinethe
operatingenvironmenthostedbytheVMrole.
custompalette(n)~Asetofcolorsonapalettewithupto256specificcolorentries.
CustomPanelpane(n)~Aclientelementthatdisplaysoptionalstreamingmediafeedsto
presentersandattendees.
custompathexpression(n)~WhendatabindingtoaCLRdatasourceoranotherobject,
adatapathorbindingexpressionthatishand-edited.
customphrase(n)~AwordorphrasethattheadministratorsetsfortheContentFilter
agenttoevaluatethecontentofane-mailmessageandapplyappropriatefilterprocessing.
customplug-in(n)~Atypeofplug-increatedbyathird-partyvendorthatistightly
integratedwiththeWindowsMediaServicesplatformarchitecture.
customprice(n)~Thepricecalculatedaccordingtospecificpricingrulesthatapplyto
productsinavirtualcatalog.Therearethreetypesofcustomprices:percentageoff,fixed
amountoff,andexplicitprice.
customprofile(n)~Agroupofsettings,definedbyanenduser,forconfiguringthe
encoderoutput.
custompropertiesdialogbox(n)~Acustompropertysheetthatallowsuserstoset
propertiesforanActiveXcontrol.
customproperty(n)~Acharacteristicorparameterofanobjectordevicethatcanbe
definedbytheuser.
customproperty(n)~Ametabasepropertythatisnotpredefinedinthemetabaseschema
(MBSchema.xml)andiscreatedprogrammaticallytomeetaspecificneed.
customrecipient(n)~InExchange5.5andearlier,acustomrecipientisauserwhoisnot
hostedbyExchange.InExchange2003,suchuserscanbeaddedtoActiveDirectoryas
contacts,Windowsusers,oruserswhoseWindowsaccountsaredisabled.Inanycase,
theyaremail-enabled,butnotmailbox-enabled,becausetheirmailboxesarehostedon
anothermessagingsystem.
customrepeat(n)~Arecurringmeetingthatdoesnothaveastandardpatternofdaily,
weekly,monthly,etc.
CustomReport(n)~Arepresentationofstatisticsanddatathatisorganizedandcreated
byaCSR.
customrollup(n)~Anaggregationcalculationthatiscustomizedforadimensionlevelor
member,andthatoverridestheaggregatefunctionsofacube’smeasures.
customrule(n)~Inarole,aspecificationthatlimitsthedimensionmembersorcubecells
thatusersintherolearepermittedtoaccess.
customservercontrol(n)~Acustomcontrolauthoredbyauserorathird-partysoftware
vendorinWebForms(ASP.NETpages)
customshow(n)~Apresentationwithinapresentationinwhichyougroupslidesinan
existingpresentationsothatyoucanshowthatsectionofthepresentationtoaparticular
audience.
customsolution(n)~Acollectionofcomponentsthathavebeenpackagedtogetherto
provideacohesivesolutiontoacustomerproblem.
CustomSpamFilterManagementoption(n)~AnareaontheSpamFilterpagethat
givesITadministratorstheabilitytoselectvariouscontentattributesofamessagethat
eitherincreasethepotentialforthemessagetobequarantinedasspam(thespamscore’)
orabsolutelyquarantinemessagesthatcontainspecificattributes.’
customsubnetmask(n)~AsubnetmaskthatisnotbasedontheInternetaddressclasses.
Customsubnetmasksarecommonlyusedwhensubnetting.
customtable(n)~Atypeoffilterthatenablesuserstochoosefromalistandthendrive
dashboardcontentfrommultipledatasources.
customtaskpane(n)~An.htmlfilewhosecontentisdisplayedinawindownexttoa
form.Customtaskpanescanprovideform-specificcommandsandHelpcontent.
CustomTaskWizard(n)~Awizardthatwillhelpuserstodefineacustomtaskfortheir
workflow.CustomTaskcanbeusedtocollectinformationfromworkflowparticipants.
ThatinformationwillbestoredintheTaskslistforthesiteandcanbeusedlaterinthe
workflowviaworkflowlookup.
customtheming(n)~Theprocessofcustomizingthelookandfeelofthesitetoreflect
thecompany’sstyle.Anadministratorcancustomizethelogo,changethebackground
imageandthemecolors,andchangethehomepage’sURL
customtoolbar(n)~Atoolbarthatyoucreateforyourapplication.
customupdate(n)~Anupdate,patch,orupgradetosoftwareotherthanthoseavailable
throughMicrosoftUpdate.
customvariable(n)~Avariableprovidedbypackagedevelopers.
customvolume(n)~AvolumethatisnotintheDPMstoragepoolandisspecifiedto
storethereplicaandrecoverypointsforaprotectiongroupmember.
customer(n)~Apersonorcompanytowhomyourcompanysellsproductsorservices.
customer(n)~Theaccountorcontactwithwhichabusinessunitconductsabusiness
transaction.
Customer(n)~Apersonororganizationthatusesanyoftheproductsorservicesthatyour
organizationprovidesandwhotakesadvantageofthesupportresourcesyouprovide
throughParature.
customeraccountstatement(n)~Aformthatcanbesenttocustomersthatincludesthe
customer’sbalanceandamountdueforthestatementperiod.
customeradvance(n)~Apaymentreceivedfromacustomerinanticipationofthe
deliveryofitemsoroftheperformanceofaservice.
CustomerandOrdersManager(n)~TheCommerceServerBusinessManagementuser
interfacethatyouusetoviewcustomerandorderstatusinformationanddisplayallthe
associateddetails.
customerdata(n)~Alldata,includingalltext,sound,imagefiles,orsoftware,givento
Microsoftby,oronbehalfof,CustomeroritsAffiliatesthroughuseofanOnlineService
orinconnectionwithProfessionalServices.
customerdiscount(n)~Apricereductionforaparticularcustomer.
CustomerExperienceImprovementProgram(PN)~AMicrosoftprogramthatinvites
customerstoprovideMicrosoftwithmoredetailedinformationabouthowthesoftwareis
usedincludingthetypeandfrequencyoferrors,softwareandhardwareperformance,and
featureusage.Thisinformationisanonymousandvoluntary,andisusedstrictlyforthe
purposesofsoftwaredevelopment.
CustomerFeedback(n)~AtabintheArrayManagmentfeaturethatenablestheuserjoin
theCustomerExperienceImprovementProgram.
customergroup(n)~Aclassificationofcustomersthatsharekeycharacteristics.
customerinvoice(n)~Asourcedocumentthatdocumentsacustomerpaymentrequest.
Whenapaymentisreceived,itcanbematchedtotheinvoice.
customerlead(n)~Apotentialcustomerwhomustbecontactedbyasalespersonand
eitherqualifiedordisqualifiedasasalesopportunity.Leadswillbeconvertedinto
accounts,contacts,oropportunitiesiftheyarequalified.Otherwisetheyaredeletedor
archived.
customerloyaltyprogram(n)~Astructuredprogramthatrewardscustomerswith
incentivesorotherbenefitsforloyalbuyingbehavior.
customerpool(n)~Aquerythatdefinesagroupofcustomersthatcanbedisplayedand
managedforcollectionsoragingprocesses.
customerrelationsmanagement(n)~Thebusinessarearelatedtomanaginga
company’sinteractionswithitscustomers,includingsales,service,anddeliveryof
product.Softwaresolutionsaredesignedandimplementedspecificallytomanagethis
businessarea.
customerrelationship(n)~Anassociationbetweenacustomer(accountorcontact)anda
partner(accountorcontact).
customerrelationshipmanagement(n)~Theprocessofbuildingprofitablecustomer
relationshipsthroughthedeliveryofhighlytargetedinteractionsatallcustomertouch
pointsbyaligningmarketing,salesandservicefunctionsandsystems.
customerretention(n)~Theabilitytomaintaincustomerloyalty.
CustomerSatisfactionIndex(n)~Asurveysolutiontoallowuserstounderstandandact
oncustomerfeedback.
customerservice(n)~Awidevarietyofactivitiesintendedtoensurethatcustomers
receivethegoodsandservicestheyrequiretosatisfytheirneedsorwantsinthemost
effectiveandefficientmannerpossible.
customerservice(n)~Abusinessdepartmentthatdealswithroutineinquiriesand
complaintsfromcustomers.
customerservicecenter(n)~Abusinessdepartmentthatdealswithroutineinquiriesand
complaintsfromcustomers.
customerservicerepresentative(n)~Anemployeewhoprovidesservicetothe
customersoftheorganizationorbusinessunitthroughtheopeningandresolutionofcases,
amongotheractivities.
CustomerServiceRepresentative(CSR)(n)~AParatureServiceDeskuserandsupport
agent.
customerstatement(n)~Aformthatcanbesenttocustomersthatincludesthe
customer’sbalanceandamountdueforthestatementperiod.
customersupport(n)~Abusinessdepartmentthatdealswithroutineinquiriesand
complaintsfromcustomers.
customertradeagreement(n)~Afixed-priceagreementthatacompanyentersintowith
oneormorecustomersinrelationtosalespricesordiscountsforcostsassociatedwiththe
completionofaproject(labor,expenses,andfees).
customerverification(PN)~Thevalidationthatacustomer’scredentialsmeetthecriteria
toaccessandusearesource.
customerverificationprogram(n)~Anapplicationortooltovalidateacustomer’s
credentials.
customer-specificvolumelicensekey(n)~Auniquevolumelicensekeyusedtoactivate
akeymanagementservice(KMS)hostortoenablevolumesoftwarelicensestobeissued
andmanagedfromActiveDirectory.
customizablecomponent(n)~Asolutioncomponentthat,onceprotectedandinstalled,
canbemodified,butnotdeleted,byasolution.
customization(n)~Themodificationof,oradditionsto,hardwareorsoftwaretofitthe
needsofaspecificbusinessorcustomer.
customize(v)~Tomodifyorassemblehardwareorsoftwaretosuittheneedsor
preferencesoftheuser.
Customize(PN)~TheSwaybuttonthatprovidesuserswithamenuofdifferentstyle
modificationsthatcanbeappliedtotheirsway.
customizedscorecard(n)~Ascorecardthatiscreatedwithoutusingatemplate.
cut(v)~Toremovepartofadocument,usuallyplacingittemporarilyinmemorysothat
thecutportioncanbeinserted(pasted)elsewhere.
cutandpaste(n)~Aprocedureinwhichthecomputeractsasanelectroniccombination
ofscissorsandglueforreorganizingadocumentorforcompilingadocumentfrom
differentsources.Incutandpaste,theportionofadocumenttobemovedisselected,
removedtostorageinmemoryorondisk,andthenreinsertedintothesameoradifferent
document.
cutovermigration(n)~Ane-mailmigrationprocessthatprovisionsnewcloud-based
mailboxesandthenmigratesmailboxdatatothecloudfromanon-premisesExchange
server.Cutover’referstothefactthatallon-premisesmailboxesaremigratedin
preparationformovingtheentiree-mailorganizationtothecloud
Cut-through~TechniqueforexaminingincomingpacketswhereEthernetswitchlooks
onlyatfirstfewbytesofpacketbeforeforwardingorfilteringit.Fasterthanlookingat
wholepacketbutallowssomebadpacketstobeforwarded.
CV(n)~Adetailedsummaryofone’sacademicandworkhistoryandexperience,
includinginformationaboutresearch,publications,and/oracademicorpersonalinterests
andachievements.
CV(n)~Asummaryofone’sacademicandworkhistory,usuallysubmittedwithajob
application.
CVV(n)~Acodethatcreditcardcompaniesusetoauthorizecreditcardcharges.For
example,AmericanExpressusesafour-digitnumberonthefrontofthecreditcard,and
Visa,MasterCard,andDiscoveruseathree-digitnumberontheback.
cxn(n)~Alinkagebetweenagroupofon-premises(local)endpointsandtherole
instancesforaMicrosoftAzuredeployment.Aconnectionenablestheendpointsinthe
grouptoconnecttoinstancesintheMicrosoftAzuredeployment,andviceversa.
cyan(n)~AcolorthatisessentialtotheCMYcolormodelandtheCMYKcolor-mxing
method.
cyan-magenta-yellow-black(n)~Acolormodelforcommercialprintingthatproducesa
widerangeofcolorsbymixingvaryingpercentagesofcyan,magenta,yellow,andblack
inks.
CyberSourceCorp(PN)~AneCommerceservicescompanythatprovideselectronic
paymentandfraudpreventionservices.
Cyberspace~Looselyspeaking,theinternet,andvirtualplacesthereon.Cyberisusedas
aprefixmeaningrelatedtocomputersortheinternet.
Cybersquatter~Someonewhobuysupinternetdomainnamesinordertosellthemonat
aprofit.
cycle(n)~Auser-definedperiodoftimeduringwhichyoucanscheduleformdataentry,
review,orapproval,orreportrevieworapprovalthroughassignments,orscheduleserver
actions,alsoknownasjobs.Cyclealsodefinesthetimeperiodforwhichdatacanbe
submitted.
Cycle(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayouttypethatincludeslayoutsdesignedtoshowa
continualprocess.
cyclechart(n)~Achartthatsurfacescyclicalpatternsindatabycomparingthe
performanceforcertaintimeperiods,suchasdaysoftheweekormonths,overtime.
cyclecounting(n)~Aninventorycountingmethodwhereitemsthatarestoredindifferent
warehouselocationsarecountedtoverifytheon-handinventorylevelsandtofacilitate
inventory-levelcorrections.
cycledefinition(n)~Essentially,atemplateusedtocreatecycleinstances.Anyeditsto
thecycledefinitionareappliedtoeverysubsequently-createdcycleinstancethatisbased
onthatcycledefinition.
cyclediagram(n)~Adiagramthatisusedtoshowaprocessthathasacontinuouscycle.
cycleenddate(n)~Thedefinedendofaperiodoftimeduringwhichcycleitemsare
activeandcanbeactedupon.
cycleenddate(n)~Thefinaldateoftheactiveperiodonwhichthevariable
compensationawardisbased.
cycleinstance(n)~Aspecificoccurrenceofacycledefinition.
CycleMatrix(PN)~ASmartArtgraphiclayoutusedtoshowtherelationshiptoacentral
ideainacyclicalprogression.EachofthefirstfourlinesofLevel1textcorrespondstoa
wedgeorpieshape,andLevel2textappearsinarectangularshapetothesideofthe
wedgeorpieshape.Unusedtextdoesnotappear,butremainsavailableifyouswitch
layouts.
cyclestartdate(n)~Thedefinedbeginningofaperiodoftimeduringwhichcycleitems
areactiveandcanbeactedupon.
cyclestartdate(n)~Thebeginningdateoftheactiveperiodonwhichthevariable
compensationawardisbased.
cycletime(n)~Thetimetakentocompleteanactivity.
cyclicprotection(n)~AtypeofprotectionbetweentwoDPMserverswhereeachserver
protectsthedataontheother.
cyclicredundancycheck(n)~Aprocedureusedincheckingforerrorsindata
transmission.CRCerrorcheckingusesacomplexcalculationtogenerateanumberbased
onthedatatransmitted.Thesendingdeviceperformsthecalculationbeforetransmission
andincludesitinthepacketthatitsendstothereceivingdevice.Thereceivingdevice
repeatsthesamecalculationaftertransmission.Ifbothdevicesobtainthesameresult,itis
assumedthatthetransmissionwaserrorfree.Theprocedureisknownasaredundancy
checkbecauseeachtransmissionincludesnotonlydatabutextra(redundant)errorcheckingvalues.CommunicationsprotocolssuchasXMODEMandKermitusecyclical
redundancychecking.
cyclicalredundancycheck(n)~Aprocedureusedincheckingforerrorsindata
transmission.CRCerrorcheckingusesacomplexcalculationtogenerateanumberbased
onthedatatransmitted.Thesendingdeviceperformsthecalculationbeforetransmission
andincludesitinthepacketthatitsendstothereceivingdevice.Thereceivingdevice
repeatsthesamecalculationaftertransmission.Ifbothdevicesobtainthesameresult,itis
assumedthatthetransmissionwaserrorfree.Theprocedureisknownasaredundancy
checkbecauseeachtransmissionincludesnotonlydatabutextra(redundant)errorcheckingvalues.CommunicationsprotocolssuchasXMODEMandKermitusecyclical
redundancychecking.
cylinderchart(n)~Avariationonacolumnchartthatusescylindershapesinsteadof
rectangularcolumns.
cylindricalprojection(n)~Theresultofprojectinganimageontoacylinder.
D~
D3D(PN)~Avirtualizedrepresentationofdedicatedgraphicshardwareresources.
Direct3Dprovidesastandardizedimplementationofthecommongraphicsprocessing
pipeline.
D-4~Adigitalmultiplexerusedtoconvert24voicegradeanalogordatachannelsinto
DS1.
DAC(n)~AapplicationthatcapturestheSQLServerdatabaseandinstanceobjectsused
byaclient-serveror3-tierapplication.
DACinstance(n)~AcopyofaDACdeployedonaninstanceoftheDatabaseEngine.
TherecanbemultipleDACinstancesonthesameinstanceoftheDatabaseEngine.
DACpackage(n)~AnXMLmanifestthatcontainsalloftheobjectsdefinedforthe
DAC;thepackagegetscreatedwhenadeveloperbuildsaDACproject.
DACpackagefile(n)~TheXMLfilethatisthecontainerofaDACpackage.
DACplacementpolicy(n)~APBMpolicythatcomprisesasetofconditions,which
serveasprerequisitesonthetargetinstanceofSQLServerwheretheDACcanbe
deployed.
DACproject(n)~AVisualStudioprojectusedbydatabasedeveloperstocreateand
developaDAC.DACprojectsgetfullsupportfromVisualStudioandVSTSsourcecode
control,versioning,anddevelopmentprojectmanagement.
DACL(n)~Anaccesscontrollistthatiscontrolledbytheownerofanobjectandthat
specifiestheaccessparticularusersorgroupscanhavetotheobject.
daemon(n)~Aprogram,usuallyassociatedwithUNIXsystems,thatrunsinthe
backgroundandperformshousekeepingormaintenancefunctionswithoutuser
interventionorawareness.
DaFont~DaFontisanarchiveoffreelydownloadablefonts.Fontsarecategorizedby
theme,andcanalsobesortedbyname,date,andpopularity.http://www.dafont.com/
DAG(n)~Agroupofupto16Mailboxserversthathostasetofdatabasesandprovide
automaticdatabase-levelrecoveryfromfailuresthataffectindividualserversordatabases.
dagger(n)~The-€character.
DAGGER(n)~The-€character.
dailybackup(n)~Abackupthatcopiesallselectedfilesthathavebeenmodifiedtheday
thedailybackupisperformed.Thebacked-upfilesarenotmarkedashavingbeenbacked
up(inotherwords,thearchiveattributeisnotcleared).
DailyReport(PN)~AreportthatisautomaticallygeneratedbyWindowsMidmarket
Serverandsenttosubscribedadministratorsviae-mail.
DailyTaskList(n)~ThenameofapaneatthebottomoftheCalendarmodulewhere
tasksaredisplayed.Tasksthatarecompletedonaparticulardaystick’tothedayandare
shownasarecordofwhatworkwasperformedonthatday.Tasksnotcompletedrollover
tothenextdayandaccumulateuntilcompleted.’
DamagepotentialReproducibilityExploitabilityAffectedusersDiscoverability(oth)~
Arankingoftheriskthatisassociatedwithavulnerabilityorasecurityrequirement.
Dance(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationinWindows
MediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.ID3v1
genreID#3.
Dancehall(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
WinampgenreID#125.
DAO(n)~Aprogramminginterfacetoaccessandmanipulatedatabaseobjects.
DAR(n)~Adevicethatreceivesdigitalaudiowirelesslyfromyourcomputerand
broadcastsittoTVsetsorstereosaroundyourhome.
dark(n)~Athemesettingthatconsistsofablackbackground.
darkfiber~Fiber-opticcabledeploymentsthatarenotyetbeingusedtocarrynetwork
traffic.(Theword‘dark’referstothefactthatnolightispassingthroughtheoptical
fibers.)
Darkwave(n)~OneofthemusicgenresthatappearsunderGenreclassificationin
WindowsMediaPlayerlibrary.BasedonID3standardtaggingformatforMP3audiofiles.
ID3v1genreID#50.
DAS(n)~AcomponentthatreceiveseventsfromtheMOMServersandinsertstheminto
thedatabase.Requestsfordatafromthedatabaseandrequeststoinsertdataintothe
databasetypicallygothroughtheDAS.
DASregistry(n)~TheregistrykeysusedbyDAS.
dash(n)~Ashorthorizontallineusedasapunctuationmark.
dashboard(n)~Asetofreportsorotherdatathatisarrangedinapanelformatonasingle
page,orseriesofpages,inawebbrowserorSharePointsite.
dashboard(n)~Acustomizablelandingpageforabusinessapplicationorworkspacethat
usesWebPartstodisplayselectedinformation.Itcanprovideacomprehensivelookatthe
informationinsidetheapplicationorworkspacebyconsolidatinglists,libraries,text,
imagesandotherdataintoadynamic,customizableinformationportal.
dashboard(n)~Theall-upviewintheMicrosoftAzurePortalthatprovidesthestateof
allofyourservices,deployments,storageaccounts,anddatabases.Thedashboardalso
providesaccesstousagereports,billinginformation,andmanagementoperations.
dashboard(n)~Apartoftheuserinterfacethatorganizesandpresentsinformationfor
easyreadability.Dashboardsdisplaysimulatedgauges,dials,etc.thatresemblean
automobiledashboard.
dashboard(n)~AplaceintheStore,Hardware,Desktopapp,WindowsStoreapp,and
InternetExplorerdevelopmentsectionsoftheWindowsDevCenterwhererespective
userscangetreportsandinformationthat’sspecifictothem.
dashboard(n)~TheservicerunbytheWindowsStoreteamthatsupportstheend-to-end
processforregisteringWindowsStoredevelopersandonboardingappsintotheWindows
Storecatalog.
dashboard(n)~TheareawithintheProtectiontabintheExchangeAdministrationCenter
(EAC)wherestand-alonecustomersland.
dashboard(n)~Asubscreenwithinanentitythatdisplaysfilteredinformationassociated
withthatentity.
dashboard~Asummaryviewofthestatusofmultipleservicelevelagreements(SLAs).
OraWebpagethatcancontainoneormoreviewersthatgraphicallyrepresentbusiness
data.
DashboardDesigner(PN)~Aclientapplicationthatyouusetocreateandmanage
dashboards,scorecards,reports,andotherPerformancePointitemspriortodeployingthem
withinadashboardtoaSharePointsite.
DashboardDesignerInstallationSite(PN)~AMonitoringServercomponentthat
facilitatesthedownloadofDashboardDesignerintoeachuserscomputer.
dashboardpack(n)~Akindofmanagementpackthatallowsnewdashboardstobe
installedandusedinOperationsManagertodisplaymonitoringdata.
DashboardViewerforSharePointServices(PN)~FunctionalityinPerformancePoint
MonitoringServerthatmakesitpossibletodisplaydashboardviewsthataredefinedin
DashboardDesignertousersofaSharePointsite.
DashboardWebPreview(PN)~AMonitoringServercomponentthatdeploysa
dashboardtoapre-configuredpreviewWebsitesothatdashboarddesignerscanseethe
completeddashboardpriortodeployingittoaproductionSharePointsite.
dashboardwidget(n)~Auserinterfaceelementinadashboardviewthatisa
combinationofaUIcontrol,suchasapiechartordial,andadataprovider.
DAT(n)~Amagnetic-tapestoragemediumforrecordingdigitallyencodedaudio
information.Inadditiontothetapecassette,DATindentifiesatypeofdigitaltaperecorder
andplayer.
data(n)~Arepresentationoffacts,conceptsorinstructionsinaformalizedmanner,
suitableforcommunication,interpretationorprocessing.
Data~Anyinformationcreatedbyauser,suchasdocuments,picturesorsound
recordings.
Data&analytics(PN)~TheBusinesssubcategorycontainingappstohelpbusinesses
gatherandanalyzedata.
DataAccessObjects(n)~Aprogramminginterfacetoaccessandmanipulatedatabase
objects.
dataaccesspage(n)~AWebpage,publishedfromAccess,thathasaconnectiontoa
database.Inadataaccesspage,youcanview,addto,edit,andmanipulatethedatastored
inthedatabase.
dataacquisition(n)~Theprocessofobtainingdatafromanothersource,usuallyone
outsideaspecificsystem.
dataadapter(n)~Anobjectusedtosubmitdatatoandretrievedatafromdatabases,Web
services,andExtensibleMarkupLanguage(XML)files.
dataadministratorrole(n)~OneofthePerformancePointServeradministrativeroles.In
additiontobeingabletoperformalloperationsthatamemberofthemodelerrolecan
perform,amemberofthedataadministratorrolecanperformalldataintegration
operationsinPlanningBusinessModeler.Thisincludessynchronizingandloading
dimensions,models,andassociations,aswellasexportingoutgoingdataandexecuting
associations.
DataAnalysis(PN)~ThegroupofExceladd-insthatsupportdataanalysis.
DataAnalyzerLight(PN)~Acomponentthatperformssomeofthesimplerdata
processingtasksfortheWebAnalyticsWebPart.
dataannotation(n)~Anattributethatisaddedtoaclassorpropertytoaddinformation
aboutitsuseorbehavior.
DataAPI(PN)~AnAPIthatcontainscontrolsandfeaturesforaccessing,workingwith,
andstoringdataanddocuments.
dataatrest(n)~AresourceoftheDataLakeservicetypeoftheBusinessAnalytics
serviceinAzurereferringtoinactivedatawhichisstoredphysicallyinarepository.
databackup(n)~Anybackupthatincludesthefullimageofoneormoredatafiles.
databar(n)~Agraphicalbar(thinkbarcharts)displayedineachcell.Thelengthofthe
barisrelatedtothecell’svalue.
databind(v)~Toconnectitemsinadatasourcetouserinterfacecomponents(controls).
Thismeansthatwheneverthedatachanges,theinterfacecomponentswilloptionally
reflectthosechanges,andviceversa.
databinding(n)~Theprocessofcreatingalinkbetweenapropertyandasource.The
sourcecanbelocalorexternal.
datablock(n)~Intext,ntext,andimagedata,adatablockistheunitofdatatransferred
atonetimebetweenanapplicationandaninstanceofSQLServer.Thetermisalso
appliedtotheunitsofstorageforthesedatatypes.
databoundcontrol(n)~AnASP.NETcontrolthatcanbeboundtoadatasourcecontrol
tomakeiteasytodisplayandmodifydatainyourWebapplication.
databuffer(n)~Anareainmemorywheredataistemporarilystoredwhilebeingmoved
fromonelocationtoanother.
databus(n)~AmechanisminOrchestratorthatpassesinformationfromoneactivityina
runbooktoanotheractivity.
datacall(n)~Aphoneconnectiontoaserviceprovideroracorporateserver,forthe
purposeofviewingtheWeb,ortransmittingdata.
datacapture(n)~Theprocessofsavingonastoragemediumarecordofinterchanges
betweenauserandaremoteinformationutility.
datacard(n)~AsmallcardthatprovidesmobilebroadbandInternetaccess.Removable
datacardscanbeintheformatofPCcards,USBcards,ExpressCards;datacardscanalso
beembeddedlaptopmodules.
datacenter(n)~Afacilityusedtohousemissioncriticalcomputersystemsandassociated
components.Itgenerallyincludesenvironmentalcontrols(airconditioning,fire
suppression,etc.),redundant/backuppowersupplies,redundantdatacommunications
connectionsandhighsecurity.
DataCenterTCP(PN)~ATCP-likeprotocolfordatacenternetworkswhichleverages
ExplicitCongestionNotification(ECN)inthenetworktoprovidemulti-bitfeedbackto
theendhosts.
DataCenterTransmissionControlProtocol(PN)~ATCP-likeprotocolfordatacenter
networkswhichleveragesExplicitCongestionNotification(ECN)inthenetworkto
providemulti-bitfeedbacktotheendhosts.
datachannel(n)~AseparatechannelofanIntegratedServicesDigitalNetwork(ISDN)
linethatisusedforISDNsignaling.ForISDNBasicRateInterface(BRI),theD-channel
is16kilobitspersecond(Kbps).ForISDNPrimaryRateInterface(PRI),theD-channelis
64Kbps.
datacleaning(n)~Apartoftheprocessofanalyzingdata,especiallywhendatacomes
frommultiplesources.Theprocessmustaddresserrorssuchasincorrectspellings,
differentwaysoflabelingthesameinformation,inconsistentfieldlength,missingvalues,
andconflictingdata,suchashavingtwopartnumbersforthesamepart.
datacleansing(n)~Theprocessofstandardizingdata,whichincludesconformance,
detection,andremovalofduplicatedata.Datacleansingfacilitatesdataintegrityand
accuracy.
datacollection(n)~Theprocessofgatheringinformationbysendingandreceiving
HTMLformsorInfoPathformsfromAccess.
datacollectioncontrolfunction(n)~AnAPIfunctionthatprovidessophisticatedcontrol
overthedatacollectionlogger.
datacollectionlogger(n)~Softwarethatlogsprofilingdatatoaperformancedatafile.
datacollectionpackage(n)~Aself-extractingexecutable(.exe)createdbythe
ApplicationCompatibilityManager(ACM)fordeployingtoeachofyourclient
computers.Eachdatacollectionpackagecanincludeoneormorecompatibility
evaluators,dependingonwhatyouaretryingtoevaluate.
datacollector(n)~Anobjectthatdefineswhatdatawillbecollectedfromaprovider
(suchasacounterprovideroreventprovider).
datacollector(n)~Asetofcompatibilityevaluatormodulesthatproduceorgatherdata
andthenstorethedatalocallyinarawornearlyrawform.Allcompatibilityevaluatorsact
asdatacollectorsandareinstalledanddeployedbyACT-DC.
DataCollectorSet(n)~Acomputermanagementtoolusedtogroupdatacollectorsinto
setsthatrunonthesameschedule.
datacollectorset(n)~Agroupofdatacollectorsstoredasasingleobject.
dataco-location(n)~InDPM,afeaturethatenablesprotectionofmultipledatasources
onasinglevolumeoronthesametape.Thisallowsyoutostoremoredataoneach
volumeortape.
DataCommunicationsEquipment(n)~Oneoftwotypesofhardwarethatareconnected
byanRS-232-Cserialconnection,theotherbeingaDataTerminalEquipment(DTE)
device.
datacompartment(n)~Anabstraction(notaspecificstoragelocation)thatconsistsof
oneormoreisolatedstoragefiles,calledstores,whichcontaintheactualdirectory
locationswheredataisstored.Anykindofdatacanbesavedinthestore.
dataconferencing(n)~Amethodofreal-timecommunicationwhereinparticipantsshare
andcollaborateonseveraldataanddocumenttypes.Thesessioncanbehostedonaninhouseserver,anInternet-basedservice,orboth.
dataconnection(n)~Aconnectionthatspecifiesthename,type,location,and,optionally,
otherinformationaboutadatabasefileorserver.
dataconnection(n)~Aconnectionthatenablesthetransmissionofdata.
dataconnectionfile(n)~Afilethatstoresinformationaboutaconnectiontoadata
source,suchasanAccessdatabase,spreadsheet,ortextfile,andthatfacilitatesdata
sourceadministration.
DataConnectionLibrary(n)~Adocumentlibrary,locatedonasiterunningMicrosoft
OfficeSharePointServer2007,thatcontainsacollectionofuniversaldataconnection
(.udcx)andOfficedataconnection(.odc)files.
datacontext(n)~Aconvenientwaytosharedatabetweenmultiplecontrolsby
establishingascopewithinwhichalldata-boundpropertiesinheritacommonsourceof
data.
DataControlLanguage(n)~ThesubsetofSQLstatementsusedtocontrolpermissions
ondatabaseobjects.
dataconvergence(n)~DataatthePublisherandtheSubscriberthatmatches.
datacorruption(n)~Aprocesswhereindatainmemoryorondiskisunintentionally
changed,withitsmeaningtherebyalteredorobliterated.
datacoverage(n)~Thegeographicalareaofamobilecommunicationsnetworkor
system.
DataDeduplication(PN)~Afeaturethatsearchesdataonaselectedvolumetofindand
removeduplicaterecordswithoutcompromisingdatafidelityorintegrity.
datadefinition(n)~Theattributes,properties,andobjectsinadatabase.
datadefinitionlanguage(n)~Alanguagethatdefinesallattributesandpropertiesofa
database,especiallyrecordlayouts,fielddefinitions,keyfields,filelocations,andstorage
strategy.
datadescriptionlanguage(n)~Alanguagethatdefinesallattributesandpropertiesofa
database,especiallyrecordlayouts,fielddefinitions,keyfields,filelocations,andstorage
strategy.
datadiagram(n)~AreporttypethatmapsshapesinaVisiodiagramtodatastoredin
lists,workbooks,ordatabases.
datadictionary(n)~Adatabasecontainingdataaboutallthedatabasesinadatabase
system.Datadictionariesstoreallthevariousschemaandfilespecificationsandtheir
locations.Theyalsocontaininformationaboutwhichprogramsusewhichdataandwhich
usersareinterestedinwhichreports.
datadimension(n)~AspecificnodecreatedinthehierarchicalviewoftheTracking
ProfileEditorasanimmediatechildofthespecifictrackingprofileinordertodescribea
logicalgroupingordimensionofdata.Eachdatadimensionisuniquelynamedandis
madeupofoneormanydatafields.
datadiscoveryrecord(n)~Thefileformat(.ddr)andtheactualfilethatisusedby
ConfigurationManagertoreportdiscoverydatatoaConfigurationManagersitedatabase.
dataencryption(n)~Theprocessofconvertingreadabledata(plaintext)intoacoded
form(ciphertext)topreventitfrombeingreadbyanunauthorizedparty.
DataEncryptionStandard(n)~Anencryptionalgorithmthatusesa56-bitkeyandmaps
a64-bitinputblocktoa64-bitoutputblock.Thekeyappearstobea64-bitkey,butone
bitineachoftheeightbytesisusedforoddparity,resultingin56bitsofusablekey.
dataenrichment(n)~Afeaturethatallowstheusertochooseanexternaldataprovider,
andupdatetherecordsintheCRMsystembasedontheinformationfromthatdata
provider.
dataentity(n)~Aninformationstructurethatrepresentsthedatacharacteristicofan
entity.
dataentry(n)~Theprocessofwritingnewdatatocomputermemory.
dataevent(n)~TheX++eventthatisraisedwhenadatavalueinatablechanges.
DataExecutionPrevention(n)~Asecurityfeaturethatmonitorsprogramsonacomputer
todeter
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