User`s manual initial draft
USER MANUAL
REVISION 0.1
DATE 2016/10/30
FWA-5020
1U HIGH-END NETWORK APPLIANCE
BASED ON INTEL®
XEON® E5-2600 V4 PROCESSORS
Copyright 2014 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Revision History
Date
Revision
[mm/dd/yyyy]
10/01/2016
0.1
Modifications
Initial version draft
© Copyright 2014 – Advantech Co., Ltd.
All Rights Reserved
Advantech Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make improvements in the products
described in this manual at any time without notice. No part of this manual may be
reproduced, copied, translated or transmitted in any form or by any means without
the prior written permission of Advantech Co., Ltd. Information provided in this
manual is intended to be accurate and reliable. However, Advantech Co., Ltd.
assumes no responsibility for its use, nor for any infringements of the rights of third
parties, which may result from its use.
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 2
About this manual
Thank you for purchasing and using the Advantech FWA-5020.
The target audience of this manual includes users, administrators and technicians. This
publication is a useful reference when installing, configuring, operating and managing the
FWA-5020.
This manual is organized as follows:
•
Section 1: Getting Started helps you with the first steps with the FWA-5020.
•
Section 2: Product Specification provides a detailed description of the FWA-5020 and
its features.
•
Section 3: Configuration and Service describes how to change the FWA-5020’s
configuration or how to install and service replaceable items.
•
Section 4: Tips, Tricks and Troubleshooting provides best practices and other
information that may be helpful for operation and troubleshooting of the FWA-5020
•
Appendices provide supplemental information referenced in the other sections of this
document.
Useful documents
If you cannot find the information you’re looking for or need more detailed information on a
specific topic, please refer to the list of additional documents and other sources of information
below. Please contact your Advantech representative if you need help on obtaining these
documents or still can’t find what you’re looking for.
-
Advanced LAN Bypass User Manual
Advantech IPMI User Manual
Information on intel CPUs, Chipsets and NIC silicon can be found at www.intel.com
FWA-5020 Reference Platform Software User’s Guide (for samples only)
Warnings, Cautions and Notes
Warning! Warnings indicate conditions, which, if not observed, can cause
personal injury.
Caution! Cautions are included to help you avoid damaging hardware or
losing data.
Note! Notes provide additional information.
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 3
We appreciate your input
Please let us know of any aspect of this product, including the manual, which could use
improvement or correction. We appreciate your valuable input in helping make our products
and documentation better.
Please send all such - in writing to: ncg@advantech.com
Acknowledgements
Xeon, QuickAssist and Intel are trademarked by Intel Corp. All other product names or
trademarks are properties of their respective owners.
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 4
Table of Contents
1.
GETTING STARTED ..................................................................................... 13
1.1
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................. 13
1.1.1
Safety Precautions per IEC704-1 ...................................................... 13
1.1.2
Safety Precautions - Static Electricity ................................................ 14
1.2
UNPACKING .............................................................................................. 14
1.3
INSTALLATION AND CONFIGURATION ........................................................... 15
1.3.1
Rack Mounting .................................................................................. 16
1.3.2
Powering On ..................................................................................... 17
1.3.3
Connecting to the Console ................................................................ 17
1.3.4
Installing an OS ................................................................................ 20
1.3.4.1 Pre-Installed reference OS................................................................ 20
1.3.4.2 Installing and/or boot an OS from a USB key .................................... 20
1.3.4.3 Installing an OS via network boot ...................................................... 21
1.3.4.4 Booting an OS via network boot ........................................................ 21
1.4
GETTING HELP: TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE ............................. 25
2.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATION ......................................................................... 26
2.1
OVERVIEW ................................................................................................ 26
2.2
PRODUCT VERSIONS ................................................................................. 27
2.3
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................... 28
2.3.1
System dimensions ........................................................................... 29
2.3.2
Regulatory Compliance ..................................................................... 29
2.3.2.1 Safety ............................................................................................... 30
2.3.2.2 Electromagnetic Compatibility ........................................................... 30
2.3.2.3 CE Mark............................................................................................ 30
2.4
DETAILED DESCRIPTION ............................................................................ 31
2.4.1
Front elements (FWA-5020U-00A1R) ............................................... 31
2.4.1.1 LED details ....................................................................................... 32
2.4.2
Rear Elements .................................................................................. 33
2.4.3
System block diagram....................................................................... 33
2.4.4
Processor(s) ..................................................................................... 34
2.4.5
Memory............................................................................................. 35
2.4.6
Chipset ............................................................................................. 36
2.4.6.1 USB .................................................................................................. 36
2.4.6.2 SATA ................................................................................................ 37
2.4.6.3 Legacy Functions and IO .................................................................. 38
2.4.7
Network interfaces (onboard) ............................................................ 39
2.4.8
PCIe Expansion ................................................................................ 39
2.4.9
TPM Module ..................................................................................... 39
2.4.10 LCD Module ...................................................................................... 39
2.4.11 Mass Storage.................................................................................... 40
2.4.12 BIOS ................................................................................................. 40
2.4.12.1 Password protection ...................................................................... 41
2.4.12.2 BIOS defaults ................................................................................ 41
2.4.13 Platform Management....................................................................... 41
2.4.14 Power Supplies ................................................................................. 42
2.4.15 Electronic label: FRU EEPROM ........................................................ 43
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2.5
ADVANCED PLATFORM FEATURES .............................................................. 43
2.5.1
Intrusion detection ............................................................................ 43
2.5.2
BIOS POST Watchdog ..................................................................... 43
2.5.3
LAN Bypass ...................................................................................... 44
2.5.3.1 LAN Bypass Segments ..................................................................... 45
2.5.3.2 Bypass Watchdog Support................................................................ 45
2.5.3.3 LED Behaviour .................................................................................. 45
2.6
AVAILABLE ACCESSORIES AND RELATED PRODUCTS ................................... 46
2.6.1
Accessories ...................................................................................... 46
3.
CONFIGURATION AND SERVICE ................................................................ 47
3.1
JUMPER SETTINGS .................................................................................... 47
3.2
BIOS SETUP MENU................................................................................... 47
3.2.1
Main Setup Menu .............................................................................. 48
3.2.1.1 Setting System Time and Date ......................................................... 49
3.2.2
Platform Setup Menu ........................................................................ 49
3.2.2.1 Serial Port Console Redirection ........................................................ 50
3.2.2.2 USB Configuration ............................................................................ 52
3.2.2.3 Trusted Computing ........................................................................... 53
3.2.2.4 Virtualization ..................................................................................... 55
3.2.2.5 Platform Management....................................................................... 56
3.2.3
Hardware .......................................................................................... 58
3.2.3.1 Hardware Setup: CPU Configuration ............................................. 59
3.2.3.2 Hardware Setup: North Bridge Configuration ................................. 61
3.2.3.3 PCI Express Port Configuration ........................................................ 63
3.2.3.4 QPI Configuration ............................................................................ 65
3.2.3.5 PCI Subsystem Settings ................................................................ 66
3.2.3.6 Hardware Setup: South Bridge Configuration ................................ 66
3.2.3.7 USB Configuration ............................................................................ 69
3.2.3.8 ACPI Setting ..................................................................................... 70
3.2.3.9 Runtime Error logging ....................................................................... 71
3.2.4
Server Mgmt ..................................................................................... 71
3.2.5
Security Setup .................................................................................. 72
3.2.6
POST & Boot Menu .......................................................................... 73
3.2.6.1 Compatibility Support Module (CSM) Configuration .......................... 74
3.2.7
Save & Exit Menu ............................................................................. 75
3.3
INSTALLING COMPONENTS ......................................................................... 76
3.3.1
Removing the top cover .................................................................... 77
3.3.2
Reinstalling the top cover .................................................................. 78
3.3.3
Disk Installation................................................................................. 78
3.3.3.1 2.5” HDD drive ............................................................................... 78
3.3.4
Memory Installation ........................................................................... 81
3.4
FIRMWARE UPGRADES .............................................................................. 83
3.4.1
BIOS ................................................................................................. 83
3.4.2
LAN Bypass ...................................................................................... 83
3.5
REPLACING FRUS..................................................................................... 83
3.5.1
Disk drives ........................................................................................ 84
3.5.1.1 2.5” HDD ....................................................................................... 84
3.5.2
CMOS Battery................................................................................... 84
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Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.5.3
DIMMs .............................................................................................. 85
APPENDIX: CONNECTOR PINOUT AND LED INFORMATION ................... 86
BIOS POST CODES ...................................................................................... 89
APPENDIX: POWER SUPPLY SPECIFICATION .......................................... 95
APPENDIX: DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY .......................................... 97
APPENDIX: WARRANTY AND RMA ............................................................ 98
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Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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List of Figures
Figure 1 : Mounting ear thread holes .................................................................................. 16
Figure 2: Mounting ear screws inserted but not fastened yet .......................................... 16
Figure 3: PuTTY Session Configuration.............................................................................. 18
Figure 4: PuTTY Serial Configuration.................................................................................. 18
Figure 5: PuTTY Keyboard Settings .................................................................................... 19
Figure 6: PuTTY Colour Settings ......................................................................................... 19
Figure 7: BIOS POST screen (example) .............................................................................. 20
Figure 8: System Overview (FWA-5020U-D0A1R) .............................................................. 27
Figure 9: System Dimensions .............................................................................................. 29
Figure 10: System Front View .............................................................................................. 31
Figure 11: Front LEDs ........................................................................................................... 32
Figure 12: System Rear View ............................................................................................... 33
Figure 13: Block diagram ...................................................................................................... 33
Figure 14: DIMM Location (FWA-5020U-D0A1R) ................................................................ 35
Figure 15: Mass storage components ................................................................................. 40
Figure 16: Thermal Sensor Locations (Same MB, but different SKU shown) ................. 42
Figure 17: Connectivity options of LAN ports in a bypass segment ............................... 44
Figure 18: Onboard LAN ports and bypass segments ...................................................... 45
Figure19: BIOS POST screen (example) ............................................................................. 47
Figure 20: BIOS Setup Screen Organization ...................................................................... 48
Figure 21: BIOS Setup Main screen ..................................................................................... 49
Figure22: Platform Setup Main screen ................................................................................ 50
Figure 23: Platform Setup: Console Redirection Menu ..................................................... 51
Figure 24: Platform Setup: USB Configuration Menu ........................................................ 52
Figure 25: Platform Setup: Trusted Computing ................................................................. 53
Figure 26: Platform Setup: Trusted Computing with TPM1.2 ........................................... 54
Figure 27: Platform Setup: Virtualization ............................................................................ 55
Figure 28: Platform Setup: Platform Management ............................................................. 56
Figure 29: Hardware Configuration Menu ........................................................................... 58
Figure 30: Chipset: Processor Configuration Menu(FWA-5020U-D0A1R)....................... 59
Figure 31: NorthBridge Configuration Menu ...................................................................... 61
Figure 32: Hardware Setup: PCI Subsystem ...................................................................... 63
Figure 33: Hardware Setup: QPI configuration .................................................................. 65
Figure 34: Hardware Setup: South Bridge configuration .................................................. 66
Figure 35: Hardware Setup: SATA configuration ............................................................... 68
Figure 36: Hardware Setup: USB configuration ................................................................. 69
Figure 37: Hardware Setup: ACPI configuration ................................................................ 70
Figure 38: Hardware Setup: Runtime Error logging configuration .................................. 71
Figure 39: Server Mgmt configuration................................................................................. 72
Figure 40 Boot Configuration ............................................................................................... 74
Figure 41: Post & Boot Setup: CSM Configuration Menu ................................................. 75
Figure 42: Save & Exit Menu ................................................................................................ 76
Figure 43: Top cover screw (Top cover/ FWA-5020U-D0A1R) .......................................... 77
Figure 44: Slide Top Cover back .......................................................................................... 77
Figure 45: Top Cover Flange Disengagement(FWA-5020U-D0A1R) ................................ 78
Figure 46: Screws for HDD mounting .................................................................................. 78
Figure 47: HDD Carrier module install (FWA-5020L/U-00A1R for top one, FWA-5020UD0A1R for bottom one) ................................................................................................. 79
Figure 48: Carrier plate and HDD alignment (Top: FWA-5020L/U-00A1R; Bottom: FWA5020U-D0A1R) ................................................................................................................ 80
Figure 49: SATA cabling ....................................................................................................... 81
Figure 50: Opening DIMM latches ........................................................................................ 81
Figure 51: DIMM key alignment ............................................................................................ 82
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Figure 52: DIMM insertion into slide rails ........................................................................... 82
Figure 53: Seating the DIMM in the socket ......................................................................... 82
Figure 54: Pulling up the battery .......................................................................................... 84
Figure 55 Battery Polarity ..................................................................................................... 85
Figure 56: Unlocking and removing a DIMM ....................................................................... 85
Figure 57: RJ45 Console connector .................................................................................... 86
Figure 58: Stacked USB Type A connector ........................................................................ 86
Figure 59: RJ45 10/100/1000 Base-T connector ................................................................. 87
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Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 9
List of Tables
Table 1: Packaging List ......................................................................................................... 15
Table 2: PXE BIOS Options .................................................................................................. 22
Table 3: System components ............................................................................................... 27
Table 4: Available Product Versions ................................................................................... 27
Table 5: Specifications .......................................................................................................... 29
Table 6: Applicable Safety Regulations .............................................................................. 30
Table 7: Applicable EMC Regulations ................................................................................. 30
Table 8: Front elements ........................................................................................................ 31
Table 9: Rear elements ......................................................................................................... 33
Table 10: Xeon-EP SKUs for Network and Enterprise Storage Infrastructure ................ 34
Table 11: DIMM mapping ...................................................................................................... 36
Table 12: Validated DIMMs ................................................................................................... 36
Table 13: USB Ports .............................................................................................................. 37
Table 14: SATA Ports ............................................................................................................ 37
Table 15: Validated SATA drives .......................................................................................... 37
Table 16: SMBus Devices ..................................................................................................... 38
Figure 17: Display of CPU temperature ............................................................................... 42
Table 18: Thermal Sensors ................................................................................................... 42
Table 19: FRU Data Synced to the DMI Tables ................................................................... 43
Table 20: Bypass States and LED behaviour ..................................................................... 46
Table 21: Accessories ........................................................................................................... 46
Table 22: BIOS Setup: Main Menu ....................................................................................... 49
Table 23: Platform Setup: COM1 Console Redirection Menu Items ................................. 51
Table 24: USB Configuration Menu ..................................................................................... 53
Table 25: Trusted Computing Menu .................................................................................... 53
Table 26: Trusted Computing Menu with TPM2.0 .............................................................. 54
Table 27: Virtualization Menu ............................................................................................... 55
Table 28: Platform Management Menu ................................................................................ 57
Table 29: Processor Configuration Menu ........................................................................... 60
Table 30: Northbridge Configuration Menu ........................................................................ 62
Table 31: Hardware Setup: PCI Subsystem Menu Items ................................................... 64
Table 32: Hardware Setup: QPI configuration Menu Items ............................................... 65
Table 33: Hardware Setup: South Bridge configuration Menu Items............................... 67
Table 34: Hardware Setup: SATA configuration Menu Items ........................................... 68
Table 35: Hardware Setup: USB configuration Menu Items .............................................. 69
Table 36: Hardware Setup: ACPI configuration Menu Items ............................................. 70
Table 37: Hardware Setup: Runtime Error logging Menu Items ....................................... 71
Table 38: Server Mgmt configuration Menu Items ............................................................. 72
Table 39 Boot Configuration ................................................................................................ 74
Table 40: CSM Configuration Menu ..................................................................................... 75
Table 41: Save & Exit Menu Options ................................................................................... 76
Table 42: Console connector pin assignment .................................................................... 86
Table 43: Stacked USB Type A connector pin assignment............................................... 87
Table 44: RJ45 10/100/1000 Base-T connector pin assignment ....................................... 88
Table 45: RJ45 connector LED indication ........................................................................... 88
Table 46: BIOS POST Codes ................................................................................................ 94
Table 47: Redundant AC/DC Power Supply Specification ................................................ 96
Glossary
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
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AHCI
Advanced Host Controller Interface
APIC
Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
BIOS
Basic Input Output System
BMC
Baseboard Management Controller
CPU
Central Processing Unit
EHCI
Enhanced Host Controller Interface
FRU
Field Replaceable Unit
FW
Firmware
GbE
Gigabit Ethernet
HPM
Hardware Platform Management
HWM
Hardware Monitor (chip)
IPMC
Intelligent Platform Management Controller
IPMI
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
LOM
Lights Out Management
MAC
Media Access Control
MTBF
Mean Time Between Failures
NIC
Network Interface Controller
NMC
Network Mezzanine Card
NVRAM
Non-volatile Random Access Memory
OOS
Out Of Service
PCH
Platform Controllers Hub
PCIe
PCI Express
PECI
Platform Environment Control Interface
PCI SIG
PCI Special Interest Group
PICMG
PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group
POST
Power On Self Test
PSU
Power Supply Unit
PXE
Pre-boot Execution Environment
QAT
QuickAssist Technology
QPI
QuickPath Interconnect
RASUM
Reliability, Availability, Serviceability, Usability, Maintainability
RDIMM
Registered DIMM
RMCP
Remote Management Control Protocol
RX
Receive
SAS
Serial Attached SCSI
SATA
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface
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SDR
Sensor Data Record
SerDes
Serializer/Deserializer
SOL
Serial Over LAN
SSD
Solid State Disk
SW
Software
TPM
Trusted Platform Module
TX
Transmit
UDIMM
Unbuffered DIMM
UHCI
Universal Host Controller Interface
USB
Universal Serial Bus
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 12
1. GETTING STARTED
1.1
Safety Instructions
This section provides warnings that precede potentially dangerous procedures throughout this
manual. Instructions contained in the warnings must be followed during all phases of
operation, service, and repair of this equipment. You should also employ all other safety
precautions necessary for the operation of the equipment in your operating environment. If
you are not sure about the precautions applicable to your operating environment, please
contact your company’s safety administrator. For basic information you may also refer to the
safety precautions per IEC704-1 listed below although Advantech disclaims all responsibility
for the accuracy of any statements contained therein and its applicability for your specific
environment.
Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this manual
could result in personal injury or damage to the equipment.
Advantech intends to provide all necessary information to install and handle the FWA-5020 in
this manual. Because of the complexity of this product and its various uses, we do not
guarantee that the given information is complete. If you need additional information, contact
your Advantech representative.
The product has been designed to meet the standard industrial safety requirements. It must
not be used except in its specific area as specified in section 2.3.
Only personnel trained by Advantech or persons qualified in electronics or electrical
engineering are authorized to install, service or maintain the product. The information given in
this manual is meant to complete the knowledge of a specialist and must not be used as
replacement for qualified personnel. Operating personnel must not remove equipment covers.
Only factory authorized service personnel or other qualified service personnel may remove
equipment covers for internal subassembly or component replacement or any internal
adjustment.
Do not install substitute parts or perform any unauthorized modification of the equipment or
the warranty may be voided. Contact your local Advantech representative for service and
repair to make sure that all safety features are maintained.
1.1.1 Safety Precautions per IEC704-1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Read these safety instructions carefully.
Keep this User Manual for later reference.
Keep this equipment away from humidity.
Put this equipment on a reliable surface during installation. Dropping it or letting it fall
may cause damage.
Make sure the voltage of the power source is correct before connecting the equipment
to the power outlet.
Position the power cord so that people cannot step on it. Do not place anything over the
power cord.
All cautions and warnings on the equipment should be noted.
If the equipment is not used for a long time, disconnect it from the power source to avoid
damage by transient over-voltage.
Never pour any liquid into an opening. This may cause fire or electrical shock.
For safety reasons, the equipment should be opened only by qualified service personnel.
If one of the following situations arises, get the equipment checked by service personnel:
The power cord or plug is damaged.
Liquid has penetrated into the equipment.
The equipment has been exposed to moisture.
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Page 13
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
The equipment does not work well, or you cannot get it to work according
The equipment has been dropped and damaged.
The equipment has obvious signs of breakage.
DO NOT LEAVE THIS EQUIPMENT IN AN ENVIRONMENT WHERE THE STORAGE
TEMPERATURE MAY GO BEYOND THE RANGE SPECIFIED IN Technical
Specifications. THIS COULD DAMAGE THE EQUIPMENT. THE EQUIPMENT SHOULD
BE IN A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT.
CAUTION: DANGER OF EXPLOSION IF BATTERY IS INCORRECTLY REPLACED.
REPLACE ONLY WITH THE SAME OR EQUIVALENT TYPE RECOMMENDED BY
THE MANUFACTURER, DISCARD USED BATTERIES ACCORDING TO THE
MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS.
The sound pressure level at the operator’s position according to IEC 704-1:1982 is no
more than 70 dB (A).
DISCLAIMER: The set of instructions is given according to IEC704-1. Advantech
disclaims all responsibility for the accuracy of any statements contained herein.
1.1.2 Safety Precautions - Static Electricity
Follow instructions below to protect yourself from harm and the products from
damage:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.2
Be sure you are at an ESD workstation, or grounded with an ESD strap before opening
the top cover or installing/removing any unit accessible from the outside. Doing so will
discharge any static electricity that might have built up in your body.
Don’t touch any components inside the system while the system is on.
Disconnect power before making any configuration changes. The sudden rush of power
as you connect a jumper or install a card may damage sensitive electronic components.
When unpacking a static-sensitive component from its shipping carton, do not remove
the component's antistatic packing material until you are ready to install the component
in the unit.
When transporting any electrical component, first place it in an antistatic container or
packaging.
Unpacking
Please check the delivery for completeness as you open the carton carefully. If
any of the items listed in Table 1 is missing or damaged, please contact your
Advantech representative.
When opening the box, you will find the FWA-5020 embedded in protective foam and
the accessory box embedded to the foam. Remove the accessory box first and then
pull out the unit including the protective foam using both hands. Now, remove the
foam and the plastic sleeve on the unit.
After unpacking the unit, please check for any visible damage of the unit and contact
your Advantech representative in case of any issue.
Please note that unless agreed otherwise power cords need to be ordered
separately. Please refer to section 2.6 for ordering information.
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Page 14
Item
Network
Appliance
FWA-5020
Qty.
1
Image
Description
1U High end Network
Appliance based on Intel®
Xeon-EP processors
Heatsink
1/2
-1 CPU SKU with 1 heatsink
-2 CPU SKU with 2 heatsink
Accessory
box
1
Accessory box for FWA-5020
1
Console cable-Adapter cable
RJ45 to DB9 2m for RS232.
2
Rack-mount ear
1
Screw Set(4pcs) for FWA-5020
Rack-mount kit
Table 1: Packaging List
1.3
Installation and Configuration
The FWA-5020 comes as a pre-configured system with CPUs, memory and
peripherals installed in the unit. In the rare case that you procured a barebone
system or need to install components in the FWA-5020 for any other reason, please
refer to section 3.
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Page 15
1.3.1 Rack Mounting
The FWA-5020 appliance is designed to be installed in a standard 19-inch rack.
Please follow the basic guidelines below for rack mounting:
1.
Mount the mounting ears on the each side of the unit using the screws included.
1)
Locate the threaded mount holes on the chassis on the side, close to the front
panel
2.
Figure 1 : Mounting ear thread holes
1)
Place the mounting ear over the holes and insert the three screws. Do not tighten
the screws immediately.
Figure 2: Mounting ear screws inserted but not fastened yet
2)
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
After all screws have been inserted, hand tightened them using a PH2 screw driver
to ensure secure installation.
Ensure the rack is adequate for the unit (weight) and the application.
Use the mounting hardware recommended by the rack manufacturer to mount the unit in
the rack. Four mounting screws, compatible with the rack design, must be used and
hand tightened to ensure secure installation
While Advantech does not supply support brackets, slide rails are available for separate
order. Please refer to section 2.6 for options.
Choose a mounting location where all four mounting holes line up with those of the
mounting bars of the 19-inch cabinet.
Choose a mounting location that does not block any air inlet and air outlet areas of the
unit, It is also recommended to factor in heat generated by adjacent equipment and to
avoid exposure to direct sunlight when mounting the unit. If installed in a closed or multiunit rack assembly, the operating ambient temperature of the rack environment may be
greater than room ambient. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the
equipment in an environment compatible with the maximum recommended ambient
temperature per section 2.3.
Route cables away from power lines, fluorescent lighting fixtures and sources of noise.
Make sure that cables do not block air inlet and outlet areas.
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Page 16
9.
Reliable grounding of rack-mounted equipment must be maintained.
1.3.2 Powering On
Before connecting the FWA-5020 to the power outlet, please make sure that the
power rating of the outlet and the FWA-5020’s PSU match. Please also make sure
that the primary circuit and all power distribution in not overloaded. Inrush current
and steady state power specifications for the FWA-5020 can be found in appendix C
as well as the type label on the bottom of the unit.
Connect the power cord to the PSU module and then to the power outlet. The
System has a DC on/off button next to the power connector.
The unit will automatically power on after power is supplied and push the DC on/off
button to on position one times. The green LED on the front panel should be lit as the
unit is under power.
Please refer to section 2.4 for the location of front and rear panel elements.
1.3.3 Connecting to the Console
FWA-5020 does not provide an interface for an external monitor in the standard
configuration. BIOS output as well as OS output are provided via a serial terminal
connection by default.
The remainder of this section describes how to configure PuTTY on a Windows
platform for connection with the FWA-5020 serial console as a reference. Other
terminal programs may be used in a similar way as well.
Open up PuTTY and begin the configuration as shown below. Please use the actual
COM port’s number on the client machine instead of “COM1”.





Specify “COM1” under serial line and “115200” for speed, no parity, no flow
control.
Check Serial for connection type.
Check “VT100+” for keypad in the keyboard submenu
Check “Colour” or “Both” for “Indicate bolded text” in the colours submenu
Click the “Open” button and a PuTTY terminal screen will appear.
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Figure 3: PuTTY Session Configuration
Figure 4: PuTTY Serial Configuration
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Figure 5: PuTTY Keyboard Settings
Figure 6: PuTTY Colour Settings
If the connection is successful you should be able to see the BIOS Power On (POST)
screen after powering the unit:
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Figure 7: BIOS POST screen (example)
Please note that the BISO is doing some initial start up work while the console is still
not active. It may take a while until the BIOS POST screen appears. On the other
hand, the BIOS has been optimized for minimum boot time. The BIOS will move
through POST quickly and immediately try to boot an OS according to the selected
boot options in the BIOS:
In case you would extend the time the BIOS displays the POST screen and waits for
a key press to enter the setup menu, you can do so via the BIOS setup menu. Please
refer to section 3.2 for details.
1.3.4 Installing an OS
Several options are available for OS installation:
-
System comes with a preinstalled OS
Install an image from a USB key
Install an OS via network boot.
If you use Advantech’s services to pre-install an OS, you can skip the following
section.
1.3.4.1 Pre-Installed reference OS
If you receive this manual along with a sample unit, the system will have a reference
OS installed by default. The unit will be ready to boot the reference OS from the
mass storage option selected.
1.3.4.2 Installing and/or boot an OS from a USB key
To install an OS via USB and/or boot the appliance from an USB stick, please make
sure the following BIOS options are configured properly:
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Advanced Setup: USB Configuration: Mass Storage Driver = Enabled
To boot from a USB stick:
1)
Create a Live USB stick using LiLi (available via
http://www.linuxliveusb.com/) or a similar tool. Please make sure to
configure the Linux for the operation with a serial console (115200bd, 8N1,
no handshake). Enabling serial support in the Linux bootloader (grub or
similar) as well as kernel debug messages via serial console may be
valuable for potential troubleshooting.
2)
Install the USB stick in one of the front ports. Make sure you have a serial
console connection established via tools such as PuTTY as described
earlier.
3)
Power on the appliance.
4)
The boot priority in the FWA-5020’s BIOS is giving SATA devices higher
priority than USB devices. This is a safety measure to avoid that any end
user can tamper the unit when installed in the field with a bootable USB
stick. So, in order to boot from the USB stick, you need to enter BIOS setup.
In BIOS setup menu, move to the “Boot” menu. You can either give the USB
stick higher boot priority over SATA devices. Alternatively, you can select
the USB stick in the “Boot Override” Menu. Boot Override will modify the
boot order for a single boot process only and will automatically revert back
to the original boot priority.
After making these changes leave the Setup Menu via “Save&Exit”.
This will restart the appliance and it will boot from the USB stick.
1.3.4.3 Installing an OS via network boot
To install an OS via network, basically works the same way as booting an OS via
USB stick described above.
The main difference is that instead of a Linux live image you need to install a network
installer / a network installable image on the USB key. Network Installers or network
installable iso images are available for most Linux distributions such as RedHat,
Debian, Ubuntu and CentOS. For detailed information, please refer to the
documentation of the related network installer and / or Linux distribution.
Please make sure you configure the network installer image properly for the Ethernet
port / device of the FWA-5020 that you plan to sue for the installation.
1.3.4.4 Booting an OS via network boot
The FWA-5020 supports booting over network via PXE.
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To boot an OS via network, please make sure the following BIOS options In the
Advanced: Network Stack Configuration Menu are configured properly:
Network Stack
IPv4 PXE Support
Enabled
Enables the UEFI Network Stack.
Enabled
Enabled if PXE booting in an IPv4 network;
Disabled
disabled otherwise
Table 2: PXE BIOS Options
Below are the steps to enable PXE boot.
1. It needs to set BIOS/ Advanced-> Network Stack Configuration-> Network Stack
as enabled (default setting is disabled)
2. When set Network Stack is enabled, and then go to item of “ BIOS/ Advanced->
CSM Parameters -> Network” to enable PXE ROM function, set it as “Legacy” (IPV4
PXE) function .
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3. Save BIOS and reboot system. The BIOS will show “Checking Media
Presence......”, if system is not connected PXE server, it will show “PXE-E61: Media
test failure, check cable & PXE-M0F: Exiting Intel Boot Agent”
4. User may re-login in BIOS, choose BIOS/ boot item, it will has “Network Device
BBS Priorities” item and set UEFI PXE LAN boot sequence priority.
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5. And please choose PXE Boot priority as “IBA GE Slot 0A00 v110” it is on board
Mgmt GbE port.
PXE boot usually does not allow for OS installation over network as the PXE client
will only load a single file from the boot server. Similarly, booting Linux over network
is usually a two stage process. In the first step, a boot loader such a grub or mini OS
such as SysLinux are loaded via PXE from the boot server. The boot loader or
miniOS then load the actual target OS which usually consists of multiple files which
decompressed and installed into a RAM disk. The detailed process and required
configuration of such network install will heavily depend on the target OS and boot
loader / miniOS used. Please refer to the related documentation available.
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PXE boot requires a DHCP server and a TFTP server in the network to complete.
DHCP Server and TFTP server are commonly run on the same machine and
collectively referred to as “boot server”. Setting up such a boot server implies a
couple of steps. How-to guides for setting up Linux as PXE boot server are available
on the internet, e.g. https://www.debianadministration.org/article/478/Setting_up_a_server_for_PXE_network_booting.
Please note that it is recommended to setup a separate network / subnet for network
booting as the DHCP required for PXE booting may conflict with existing DHCP
servers in your network.
The PXE client in the FWA-5020 sends the system’s GUID as part of the DHCP
Request. Some boot servers have mechanisms to automatically configure the target
OS image based on the client system’s GUID. Using this mechanism allows to use
the same boot server for network booting of different devices / appliances.
1.4
Getting Help: Technical Support and Assistance
In case the unit you received is a sample for evaluation, please contact your
Advantech representative. For production units, please follow the process below:
1.
Visit the Advantech web site at www.advantech.com/support to find the latest
information about the FWA-5020 and related products.
2.
Contact your distributor, sales representative, or Advantech’s customer service
center for technical support if you need additional assistance. Worldwide contact
information can be found on www.advantech.com.
Please have the following information ready before you call / be sure to include
this information in your email:
 Product name and serial number
 Description of your peripheral attachments
 Description of firmware and software versions installed on the product
 A complete description of the problem
 The exact wording of any error messages
3.
4.
In case the unit needs to be send back for repair, please refer to appendix E for
instructions.
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2. PRODUCT SPECIFICATION
2.1
Overview
Based on the latest Intel® Xeon® processor platform, the FWA-5020 is a high-end
1U network appliance designed for maximum performance, scalability and
functionality. One or two Intel® Xeon E5-2600 v4 processors (Broadwell-EP) provide
the latest architectural enhancements, larger on chip cache memories as well as
Intel® QuickPath Interconnects, running at up to 9.6GT/s for reduced cross-socket
memory I/O latencies and increased throughput.
Each socket supports 4 DDR4 channels with speeds up to 2400 MHz for up to
512GB of ECC memory when using the latest RDIMM technology. Advanced RAS
modes such as
mirroring and sparing increase platform reliability. Advanced thermal system design
enables support for processors with up to 145W on Standard SKUs. This allows the
appliance to
scale from mainstream 12 and 14 core CPUs to the highest performance 18 core
processors available today.
The FWA-5020 integrates up to 4 GbE copper ports with advanced LAN bypass and
two 10GbE SFP+ ports. Up to 4 Mezzanine Cards (NMC) slots provide an option to
add configurable networking I/O including a broad choice of GbE, 10GbE and 40GbE
modules.
Advanced Lights Out Management based on Aspeed’s latest iBMC AST2400 and
AMI’s MegaRAC IPMI suite improves system manageability and reliability, providing
platform thermal management, H/W monitoring and supervision. Remote firmware
upgrade capability and hardware-based BIOS redundancy make the FWA-5020 an
ideal 1U platform for mission critical and highly available networks
.
Front and rear hot swappable FRUs such as power and fan modules along with
service friendly design features such as fan failure LEDs further help to reduce
system down time and enhance serviceability. Management and IO elements include
two management Ethernet ports, a console port, two USB 3.0 ports, a LCD module,
LEDs for power/locate/alert indication and two front-loadable 2.5” SATA HDDs/SSDs.
The system is FCC,CE, CB,UL,CCC and RoHS compliant.
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S3
S7
S1
S6
S4
S5
S2
Figure 8: System Overview (FWA-5020U-D0A1R)
Component
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
Qty.
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
Description
650w Redundant PSU
2x 2.5” SSD/HDD bracket
Rear system cooling fan module
NAMB-5020 Motherboard
4x PCIe expansion card (NMC)
Proprietary Crypto x16 PCIe card (Optional)
1 CPU supports 4 Channel (2 DIMM per
Channel)
Table 3: System components
2.2
Product Versions
The FWA-5020 is available in the following standard configurations. Contact your
Advantech representative for availability of other configuration options.
Model Name
Configurations
FWA-5020L00A1R
-1 x Intel Xeon E5-2600 v4 socket up to 145W
-8 x DDR4 RDIMM slots up to 256GB
-2 x NMC slots
-1 x Intel Xeon E5-2600 v4 sockets up to 145W
-8 x DDR4 RDIMM up to 256GB
-2 x NMC slots
-4 x copper GbE ports with advanced LAN bypass
-2 x SFP+ 10GbE ports
-2 x Intel Xeon E5-2600 v4 sockets up to 145W
-16 x DDR4 RDIMM up to 512GB
-4 x NMC slots
-2 x Internal proprietary crypto PCIE card (Dual DH8955)
supported (Optional)
FWA-5020U00A1R
FWA-5020UD0A1R
Table 4: Available Product Versions
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2.3
Category
Technical Specifications
Item
FWA-5020L-00A1R
FWA-5020UD0A1R
Type
Foam factor 1U
1U
1U
Processor
CPU
Socket; 1x Intel E5Socket; 1x Intel E5-2600 v4
Socket; 2x Intel
System
2600 v4 processor up processor up to 145W TDP
E5-2600 v4
to 145W TDP
processor up to
145W TDP
Memory
Technology
DDR4 DIMMs (ECC RDIMM) Memory speed up to 2133 MHz
Capacity
Up to 256GB
Up to 256GB
Up to 512GB
Ethernet
Lan on
2 x Intel I210-AT
-2 x Intel I210-AT 10/100/1000 2 x Intel I210-AT
Board
10/100/1000 Mbps
Mbps
10/100/1000 Mbps
Ethernet for
Ethernet for Management
Ethernet for
Management
-4 x 1GbE RJ45 with
Management
advanced bypass
-2 x 10GbE SFP+
Expansion
2 x NMC modules with PCIex8 gen.3 interfaces
4 x NMC modules
slots
with PCIex8 gen.3
interfaces
PCIe card
PCIe
NA
NA
2 x internal
proprietary x16
Crypto PCIE card
(Dual DH8955)
supported
Storage
SATA
2 x 2.5" hot-swappable SATA SSDs/HDDs at the
2 x 2.5" SATA
front
SSDs/HDDs
internally
Flash
2 x mSATA slots / 1 x 2 x mSATA slots / 1 x USB
NA
USB DOM SSD
DOM SSD
System
USB
2 x USB ports
management Serial
1 x RJ45 console port (RS232)
&
LCD Module Yes
Yes
NA
Peripherals
IPMI
Supports IPMI 2.0, redundant BIOS and remote, failsafe BIOS update
PSU
Wattage
650w
650w
650w
Input
(AC) 100 ~ 240 V @
(AC) 100 ~ 240 V @ 50 ~ 60 (AC) 100 ~ 240 V
50 ~ 60 Hz, full range Hz, full range
@ 50 ~ 60 Hz, full
(DC) -40 ~ - 72V, 12
(DC) -40 ~ - 72V, 12 ~ 24A
range
~ 24A
(DC) -40 ~ - 72V,
12 ~ 24A
Environment Temperature -0 ~ 40° C (32 ~ 104° F, operating)
Humidity
-5 ~ 85 % @ 40° C (104° F)
Physical
Dimension
438 x 625 x 44 mm (W x L x H)
Weight
16 Kg
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The "Recommended NMC Module List" section for a list of currently available
NMCs
Table 5: Specifications
2.3.1 System dimensions
The system dimensions (in mm) are shown below:
Figure 9: System Dimensions
2.3.2 Regulatory Compliance
The Advantech FWA-5020 meets the specifications and regulations for safety
and EMC defined in this chapter. Please contact your Advantech
representative for a copy of the declaration of conformity or detailed test
reports.
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2.3.2.1 Safety
USA/Canada
Europe
International
UL 60950-1 2nd Edition//CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1-07 2nd
Edition
EN 60950-1:2006/A11:2009/A1:2010/A12:2011
EN 60950-1: A2:2013
CB Certificate and Report to IEC60950-1, 2nd Edition and
all international
deviations
Table 6: Applicable Safety Regulations
2.3.2.2 Electromagnetic Compatibility
USA
Canada
Europe
International
FCC 47 CFR Parts 15, Verified Class A Limit
ICES-003 Class A Limit
EMC Directive, 2004/108/EC
EN55022, Class A Limit, Radiated & Conducted
Emissions EN55024 Immunity Characteristics for ITE
EN61000-4-2 ESD
Immunity EN610004-3 Radiated
Immunity EN610004-4 Electrical Fast
Transient EN610004-5 Surge
EN61000-4-6 Conducted RF
EN61000-4-8 Power Frequency
Magnetic Fields EN61000-4-11
Voltage Fluctuations and Short
Interrupts EN61000-3-2 Harmonic
Currents
EN61000-3-3
Voltage
Flicker
CISPR
22, Class
A Limit,
CISPR 24 Immunity
Table 7: Applicable EMC Regulations
2.3.2.3 CE Mark
The CE marking on this product indicates that it is in compliance with the
European Union EMC Directive 2004/108/EC, Safety Directive 2001/95/EC,
Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC, and RoHS (recast) Directive 2011/65/EU.
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2.4
Detailed Description
2.4.1 Front elements (FWA-5020U-00A1R)
Please refer to appendix A for a description of connector pin definitions.
F2
F1
F4
F3
F5
F6
F7
F8
Figure 10: System Front View
Ite
m
Element
Description
F1
LCM
Graphical LCD Module with 5 buttons
F2
LED
LED (System/Locate/ Alert)
F3
HDD LED
Hard disk activity LED (all SATA devices)
F4
Console + USB
Connector
RS232 Console + Stacked Type A USB connector
providing 2 USB2.0/3.0 ports
F5
Management Port
0/1
Management LAN Port 0/1
F6
Traffic Port 1~4
4x 1G w/bypass
+
F7
SFP Connector
2x 10G SFP+
F8
NMC slots
2 NMCs slot for NICs expansion
Table 8: Front elements
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2.4.1.1 LED details
Three LEDs are provided at the front for signalling important system status at
location F2 and F3.
Figure 11: Front LEDs
System Power state
LED color: Green
FRU LED ID: 0x08
LED will be ’on’ when system powered on
Locate LED
LED color: Blue
FRU LED ID: 0x09
LED will only be ‘on’ when following condition is met:
1. Controlled by IPMI command “Chassis Identify” (IPMI Tool 28.5)
Alert LED
LED color: Amber
FRU LED ID: 0x0a
LED will only be ‘on’ when following faults being detected in following 2 modes:
1. Local control mode: System Critical Events occurs. Configurable options are
provided in PEF OEM action entries. See section 5.1.1 for more information
2. Override mode: User can control this LED manually by PICMG command ‘Set
FRU LED State’
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2.4.2 Rear Elements
R1
R2
R3
R4
R5
Figure 12: System Rear View
Ite
m
Element
Description
R1
System fan
2or 3 Rear system fan module (by SKU)
R5
AC Power inlet
AC Power connector
Table 9: Rear elements
2.4.3 System block diagram
Figure 13: Block diagram
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2.4.4 Processor(s)
The FWA-5020 supports Single or Dual Xeon E5-2600 v3/v4 processor. The table
below gives an overview of the processor SKUs for Network and Storage
infrastructure which can be supported on the FWA-5020:
Feature
Xeon E5-2600 v3 (Haswell-EP)
Xeon E5-2600 v4 (BroadwellEP)
Cores Per Socket
Up to 18
Up to 22
Threads Per Socket
Up to 36 threads
Up to 44 threads
Last-level Cache (LLC)
Up to 45 MB
Up to 55 MB
QPI Speed (GT/s)
2x QPI 1.1 channels 6.4, 8.0, 9.6 GT/s
PCIe* Lanes/
Controllers/Speed(GT/s)
40 / 10 / PCIe* 3.0 (2.5, 5, 8 GT/s)
Memory Population
4 channels of up to 3 RDIMMs or 3
LRDIMMs
+ 3DS LRDIMM&
Max Memory Speed
Up to 2133
Up to 2400
TDP (W)
160 (Workstation only), 145, 135, 120, 105, 90, 85, 65, 55
Table 10: Xeon-EP SKUs for Network and Enterprise Storage Infrastructure
Please note that the Xeon E5-2600 is socket type on FWA-5020. The standard
product configurations available including CPU options are listed in section 2.2. If
you’re interested in the support of other CPU SKUs, please contact your Advantech
representative.
For details on the features of the Xeon E5-2600 processor, please refer to
documentation available from Intel.
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2.4.5 Memory
Four DDR4 RDIMMs is supported on the FWA-5020. The DIMMs reside on the
CPU’s memory channel(Up to 8Channel) and can support up to 2400MHZ (CPU
SKU dependent).
CPU2
CPU1
Figure 14: DIMM Location (FWA-5020U-D0A1R)
CPU1 DDR4 DIMM SMBUS Address List
Device Name
H/W Address
Device Address
DDR4 DIMM A1
SA[2:0]=”000”
1010 000x (A0)
DDR4 DIMM A2
SA[2:0]=”001”
1010 001x (A2)
DDR4 DIMM B1
SA[2:0]=”100”
1010 100x (A8)
DDR4 DIMM B2
SA[2:0]=”101”
1010 101x (AA)
DDR4 DIMM C1
SA[2:0]=”000”
1010 000x (A0)
DDR4 DIMM C2
SA[2:0]=”001”
1010 001x (A2)
DDR4 DIMM D1
SA[2:0]=”100”
1010 100x (A8)
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Comment
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
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Page 35
DDR4 DIMM D2
SA[2:0]=”101”
1010 101x (AA)
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
CPU2 DDR4 DIMM SMBUS Address List
Device Name
H/W Address
Device Address
DDR4 DIMM E1
SA[2:0]=”000”
1010 000x (A0)
DDR4 DIMM E2
SA[2:0]=”001”
1010 001x (A2)
DDR4 DIMM F1
SA[2:0]=”100”
1010 100x (A8)
DDR4 DIMM F2
SA[2:0]=”101”
1010 101x (AA)
DDR4 DIMM
G1
DDR4 DIMM
G2
SA[2:0]=”000”
1010 000x (A0)
SA[2:0]=”001”
1010 001x (A2)
DDR4 DIMM H1
SA[2:0]=”100”
1010 100x (A8)
DDR4 DIMM H2
SA[2:0]=”101”
1010 101x (AA)
Comment
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
01
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
From CPU1 DDR4 Channel
23
Table 11: DIMM mapping
DIMM modules need to be populated in Dimm1 per channel as first priority. DDR4
modules will be recognized automatically. No manual adjustment is required.
It is recommended to use identical DIMMs on both sockets for best performance and
reliability.
The following list summarizes the modules validated on the FWA-5020:
Vendor
Frequency
Capacity
Advantech PN
ADATA
DDR4-2133 MHz
DDR4-2133 MHz
4G
8G
DDR4-2133 MHz
16G
YDDR4-ADATA-4G
YDDR4-ADATA-8G
YDDR4-ADATA-16G
AQD-D4U16R21-HZ
Advantech
Table 12: Validated DIMMs
Please contact you Advantech representative for the most recent list of validated
peripherals or if you would like to use modules not listed.
2.4.6 Chipset
The chipset / PCH functionality is integrated into the Xeon E5-2600 v3/v4
2.4.6.1 USB
The FWA-5020 supports two external USB2.0/3.0 ports which can be used to
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connect low, full and high speed devices. The 5V supply rail supplied to
external devices is current limited by a self resetting, electronic fuse to 500mA.
USB Port
USB Type
2.0/3.0
2.0/3.0
1
2
Implementation
Type A front panel connector
Type A front panel connector
Table 13: USB Ports
2.4.6.2 SATA
The PCH has two integrated SATA host controllers that support independent DMA
operation and supports data transfer rates of up to 6.0 Gb/s (600 MB/s) on up to six
ports while all ports support rates up to 3.0 Gb/s (300 MB/s) and up to 1.5 Gb/s (150
MB/s).
-The SATA controller contains two modes of operation—a legacy mode using I/O
space, and an AHCI mode using memory space. Software that uses legacy mode will
not have AHCI capabilities.
-Two mSATA ports support legracy mode. One port in on Mother Board and the
one port to Management Module.
-Four ports SATA 3.0 to SATA 7pin connector
System SATA
Port
1
Controller Port
Implementation
Controller
SATA header 1
SATA3
Port 0
2
SATA header 2
SATA3
Port 1
3
SATA header 3
SATA3
Port 2
4
SATA header 4
SATA3
Port 3
5
mSATA1
SATA3
Port 4
6
mSATA2
SATA3
Port 5
Table 14: SATA Ports
The following list summarizes the drives validated on the FWA-5020:
Please contact you Advantech representative for the most recent list of validated
peripherals or if you would like to use modules not listed.
Vendor
WD
ADVANTECH
WD
Vendor PN (Capacity)
HDD Drive
WD5000LUCT-63Y8HY0 500GB
820 Series 2.5” SATA III SSD 640G
SATA 2.5” HDD 1T (24x7)
Advantech PN
SQF-25M5-60G-S8C
96ND1T-ST-WD5KE
Table 15: Validated SATA drives
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2.4.6.3 Legacy Functions and IO
2.4.6.3.1
SMBus
-SMBus version 2.0 with additional support for I2C devices.
-Each consists of two bi-directional bus lines; the Serial Data (SDA) line and the
Serial Clock (SCLK) line.
-Connect to CK420BQ and DB1900Z.
Device
Name
H/W
Address
Device Address
Source
Comment
PMBUS
TBD
TBD
Channel 1
For Power Supply
NCT7904
D
SA[0]=”0”
0101 110x (5A)
Channel 2
CAT24C0
2
SA[2:0]=”110
”
1010 110x (AC)
TBD
TBD
Channel 2
TBD
TBD
Channel 2
CONN
Mini PCIe
For Voltage/Temp.
Monitor
Channel 2
For BMC FRU, Sel and
SDRR
Reseved for mini PCIe
CONN
Front
Panel
Reseved for front
panel conn
CONN
PCA9548
SA[2:0]=”001
”
1110 001x (E2)
Channel 2
LM75
SA[2:0]=”010
”
1001 010x (92)
Channel 3
DB104
TBD
1101 110x (DC)
Channel 3
PCA9555
PW
SA[2:0]=”101
”
0100 011x (46)
Channel 4
ADDR_PRO
T=8
0x70
IR3566B
For I2C Switch
For temperature
sensor
For Clock Buffer
For FAN Module LED
Control
Channel 4
For CPU1 Vcore
Regulator
45ohm
IR3570B
ADDR_PRO
T=1.
0x72
Channel 4
For CPU1 Vdd_ABCD
Regulator
78Kohm
Table 16: SMBus Devices
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Most of the SMBus devices are only accessed by BIOS at system start up to
determine and set system configuration. Tampering with these devices may lead to
system instability and malfunction.
Information on the hardware monitor and how to access it is provided in section
2.4.13.
Information reg. the FRU EEPROM can be found in section 2.4.15.
2.4.7 Network interfaces (onboard)
The FWA-5020 supports a total of 6 network ports by copper and 2x 10G SFP+ port
fiber on board.
There are 2 i210 GbE LAN device for management(locations F5), and 1 i350 for
“traffic” ports(locations F6), the i210 is a single LAN chip and i350 GbE LAN device is
a four port LAN chip, compact, low power components that offer a fully integrated
Gigabit Ethernet Media Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) port.
The i210 LAN chip and i350 LAN chip are connected from integrated PCH PCIe port.
The LAN chip can support PCIe Gen1 and 10/100/1000 Mb/s.
The Fortivlle X710 supports 2x 10G SFP+ for front I/O expansion. (location: F7)
2.4.8 PCIe Expansion
-2 std PCIe x8 for NMC expansion
-1 High speed x16 connector for either riser card or front I/O supports
Note: Riser card could supports proprietary crypto x16 PCIe card (PCIe-3021)
2.4.9 TPM Module
-On board
-Infineon Infineon SLB 9635TT 1.2 TPM module is used in this design.
-The Firmware Version 3.17
-TCG-compliant Trusted Platform Module
-LPC interface
-Security architecture based on Infineon security controller family
-The I/O space 4Eh/4Fh
2.4.10 LCD Module
Features
-21 columns × 4 lines text display
-128 × 32 dots graphic display
-Text wrap, scroll and inverse capability
-Built in characters plus 16 user defined characters
-Communicate over RS232 interface
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-Baud rate speed selection between 9600 and 19200 bps
-Programmable on/off and brightness of the LED backlight
-Horizontal and vertical bar charts
-32 bytes reserved non-volatile memory spaces for user settings
-5 buttons keypad
-Fit in a standard 3.5" floppy
2.4.11 Mass Storage
Up to four SATA devices and two m-SATA are supported by the FWA-5020. In the
default configuration, two SATA 2.5”SSD/HDD devices are supported (location M1):
An onboard m-SATA socket with half/full size type support (location M2).
Note: The FWA-5020U-D0A1R can’t support the m-SATA device due to mechanical
limitation.
M1
M2
M1
Figure 15: Mass storage components
2.4.12 BIOS
The FWA-5020’s BIOS is based on AMI’s APTIO BIOS and compliant to the UEFI,
SMBIOS and ACPI specifications.
The BIOS performs probing, initialization and configuration of the FWA-5020 and
initializes the OS boot process at the end of POST (Power On Self Test).
Regular BIOS output as well as the setup menu are displayed via the console port.
Please refer to section 1.3.3 reg. the console connection process.
The BIOS Setup Menu is described in detail in section 3.2. BIOS Error Codes used
during POST are described in appendix B.
Please note that the FWA-5020 does not have any onboard POST Code LEDs
onboard. A special POST code adapter is required to retrieve BIOS error codes.
All BIOS configuration parameters bare stored in NVRAM, a dedicated section of the
BIOS flash chip. Parameters are no longer stored in legacy CMOS RAM by the
platform BIOS. I.e. BIOS configuration parameters will not be lost due to an empty
battery.
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2.4.12.1
Password protection
The BIOS supports and administrator password to restrict access to the BIOS setup
menu to qualified and trusted personal, only.
2.4.12.2
BIOS defaults
The BIOS comes with a set of configuration parameters when shipped by Advantech
referred to as “Optimized Defaults” or “factory defaults”. The user can change BIOS
settings via the setup menu either temporarily or permanently by saving the changes
as “User defaults”.
The BIOS loads Optimized Defaults by the option “Restore Defaults; and loads User
defaults by the option “Restore User Defaults”. If no User defaults have been defined,
the BIOS will do nothing.
2.4.13 Platform Management
A Nuvoton NCT7904 Hardware Monitor Chip (HWM) provides hardware monitoring
capabilities on the FWA-5020. The HWM chip is connector to the PCH’s SMBus.
Standard software packages such as “lmsensors” can be used on the host to provide
sensor information under Linux. Advantech provides the required patch that adds
support for the HWM chip and a system specific configuration file.
Feature Details
1. Voltage Monitor
2. Temperature Monitor
3. FAN Speed / Control Monitor
- All fans in same module are rotate same percentage speed. Each fan module has itself fan
status indicator used to show fan module status, when BMC detect fan speed.
4. PECI (PLATFORM ENVIRONMENT CONTROL INTERFACE)
Support PECI 1.0 / 2.0 / 3.0 full commands.
Support 2 CPU sockets and 2 domains per CPU address.
5. Watch Dog Timer function
- Provide System Reset
6. Case open function
-Intrusion detection go through this hardware monitor for rear top-cover open
detection. There is another front top-cover open detection through another hardware
monitor on NAMB-6520MGT management module.
-Both can be identified in firmware with different events.
Please contact your Advantech representative if you wish to receive the lmsensors
patch or, in case you want to implement your own hardware monitoring solution, to
obtain more details regarding the hardware implementation.
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In addition to the HWM, the Xeon-EP CPU features integrated temperature sensors
(1 per core) that are supported by the module of ipmitool:
Figure 17: Display of CPU temperature
The diagram below shows the location of the various temperature sensors:
Figure 16: Thermal Sensor Locations (Same MB, but different SKU shown)
Sensor
INLET-TMP
OUTLET-TMP
Description
The Sensor is located on the management board to track the air inlet temperature
used to cool the system elements. Due to the location of the sensors, there is an
offset to the ambient temperature outside the chassis.
The Sensor is located at the rear side of the mainboard, near to the fan modules, to
track the air temperature exhausted from the FWA-5020.
Table 18: Thermal Sensors
2.4.14 Power Supplies
The FWA-5020 supports a 650W AC/DC redundant PSU. Technical specification for
the power supply can be found in appendix C.
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2.4.15 Electronic label: FRU EEPROM
The FWA-5020 supports an onboard FRU EEPROM which can be accessed via
SMBus 0 using afru. The table below shows the FRU EEPROM format:
DMI Table
Field in DMI Table
Field in System
FRU
Parameter
in afru_mfg
Type 1
Manufacturer
Product Manufacturer PM
System
Information
Product Name
Product Name
PN
Version
Product Version
PV
Serial Number
Product Serial
PS
SKU Number
Product Part Number
PPN
Manufacturer
Board Mfg
BM
Product Name
Board Product
BP
Version
Product Version
PV
Serial Number
Board Serial
BS
Type 3
Version
Chassis Part Number
CPN
Chassis
Information
Serial Number
Chassis Serial
CS
Type 2
Base Board
Information
Table 19: FRU Data Synced to the DMI Tables
Alternatively, FRU information is also embedded in DMI Tables 1/2/3 and can be
displayed with DMI parsing tools like dmidecode.
For a detailed description of the FRUs functionality and the related software API,
please refer to the Advantech_Afru_Utility_User_Guide_Rev0_1. ( Please contact
your Advantech representative to get the doc)
2.5
Advanced Platform features
2.5.1 Intrusion detection
The FWA-5020 supports chassis intrusion detection by default. If the top cover of the
chassis is removed, this gets detected even when the box is unpowered or
unplugged, and the corresponding sensor (see Section 2.6.4.5) will report the event.
2.5.2 BIOS POST Watchdog
The IPMI compliant BMC watchdog is used to monitor BIOS boot progress and
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initiate a rollback when the BIOS is found to be corrupted.
The BIOS watchdog timeout is set to a predefined value of 300 seconds and
automatically starts when the payload power for the x86 subsystem is being turned
on or when a x86 reset is detected. The time out action is set to Hard Reset, with the
timer use indicating BIOS FRB2 use.
If the watchdog timer times out with this configuration, it triggers a BIOS chip failover
followed by a system reset and a restart of the watchdog timer.
The BIOS does not touch the watchdog timer except the following situations:
1. It disables the watchdog right before jumping into the x86 OS boot loader so it
doesn’t trigger after BIOS execution. It could alternatively reconfigure the watchdog
to act as boot watchdog (i.e. change timeout action), based on BIOS configuration.
2. It temporarily disables the watchdog once the BIOS setup menu is entered, so the
watchdog does not trigger while the user is in the BIOS menu.
2.5.3 LAN Bypass
For a detailed description of the LAN Bypass functionality and the related software
API, please refer to the Advanced LAN Bypass User’s Manual.
LAN bypass allows automated or manual control of the connectivity between two
LAN ports grouped into a bypass segment and the host:
Figure 17: Connectivity options of LAN ports in a bypass segment
In “connect” mode, the ports on a segment are connected to the host via NICs.
Traffic will enter and leave the ports just like on a regular NIC.
In “disconnect” mode, the ports are disconnected from the host and from each other.
No traffic can flow through the ports
In “bypass” mode, the two ports are disconnected from the host, but connected to
each other. Traffic entering the system on one port will be sent out on the other port
and vice versa.
“Bypass mode” is used to allow traffic to flow through the system when the system is
in a non operational state such as loss of power or in case the application is
unresponsive. Application health is monitored by a configurable watchdog.
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“Disconnect” mode is typically used to block any traffic until the system has fully
started up and the application SW is in a well defined state allowing to handle traffic
properly.
Connectivity can be auto controlled by a number of system events:






Power Up
Host system is turned on / powers up (DC on)
Power Down
Host system is turned off / powers down (DC off)
Power Reset
Host system is reset or rebooted
Watchdog Start
LAN bypass watchdog is started or strobed for the first time
Watchdog Timeout
LAN bypass watchdog timed out
External Trigger
Global Watchdog Trigger input (dedicated GPIO pin)
In addition to the event driven model, it is also possible to set the connectivity for a
bypass segment via the SW API.
2.5.3.1 LAN Bypass Segments
The FWA-5020 supports four onboard traffic ports which are grouped into 2
bypass segments as shown below:
Figure 18: Onboard LAN ports and bypass segments
2.5.3.2 Bypass Watchdog Support
Each bypass segment is support by an independent watchdog timer. The timer basis
is set to 100ms. Watchdog timeout periods can be set between 100ms and 6553.5
seconds (about 109 minutes).
The FWA-5020 also supports a global watchdog trigger which allows multiple bypass
segments to be controlled at the same time. The global watchdog signal is connected
between the two onboard bypass segments and also to the PCIe extension
connector (for future use).
2.5.3.3 LED Behaviour
Advantech Advanced LAN bypass uses a LED to show the state of a bypass
segment. Usually the bypass LED is implemented as a dual colour LED combined
with a regular LAN port LED. The table below shows the status of the bypass LED,
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only. For a complete description of port LEDs please refer to appendix A.3.2).
State
LED Status
CONNECT
BYPASS
DISCONNECT
Off
Solid Amber
Blinking Amber (1Hz)
Table 20: Bypass States and LED behaviour
2.6
Available Accessories and Related Products
2.6.1 Accessories
The following accessories are available for ordering. Please contact your Advantech
representative for a list of available and supported peripherals such as memory
modules, hard disks and solid state drives
Model Name
Configurations
1702002600
Power cable 3P 180 cm, USA
1702002605
Power cable 3P 180 cm, Europe
1702031801
Power cable 3P 180 cm, UK
1700000237
Power cable 3P 180 cm, JP
9680016905
Repon Tool-Less Server slide, 26", for 438 Chass
Table 21: Accessories
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3. CONFIGURATION AND SERVICE
3.1
Jumper Settings
There are a PIN HEADER 3x1P for BIOS Recovery Mode.
1-2(Default) Normal mode operation
2-3 ME Recovery mode (Debug)
3.2
BIOS Setup Menu
This section describes the FWA-5020’s UEFI BIOS based on AMI’s APTIO BIOS.
Users can modify BIOS settings and control the special features of the FWA-5020
using the BIOS setup menu.
Please note that Advantech supports shipping the FWA-5020 with custom BIOS
defaults to simplify the deployment and integration for our customers. Please contact
your Advantech representative if you want to receive more information regarding this
service.
The BIOS Setup Menu can be entered via the BIOS POST screen displayed on the
console interface:
Figure19: BIOS POST screen (example)
BIOS Setup can be entered by hitting <DEL> or <F2> keys during POST.
The BIOS setup menu screens have a few main elements as shown below. The
menu bar displays the selectable menu pages as tabs. The parameter window
displays and allows configuration of the settings available in a given menu page or a
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submenu thereof. Auxiliary text providing information about the selected setup item
is displayed in the top right corner.
Figure 20: BIOS Setup Screen Organization
3.2.1 Main Setup Menu
If security protection has been enabled previously ( see chapter 3.2.4), you will be
prompted for the BIOS password upon entering the BIOS Setup. After a successful
check or if password protection has not been enabled, users will see the Main Setup
screen shown below. Users can always return to the Main setup screen by selecting
the Main tab.
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Figure 21: BIOS Setup Main screen
The main setup page displays system a summary of system and BIOS configuration
and status information. The fields on this page are read-only except for the System
Date and Time setting.
Group
Setup item
Access /
Options
BIOS Vendor
Display only
American Megatrends
Core Version
Display only
Current AMI BIOS core version in use
Compliancy
BIOS
Information
Display only
Description
UEFI Spec revision that the BIOS complies
to
Advantech BIOS Version info
EX: mmmm Vx.yz
mmmm : model name
X : major version
Yz: minor version
Project Version
Display only
Build Date & Time
Display only
Shows BIOS build date and time
NVRAM Version
Display only
Shows current NVRAM ver.
System
Language
Display only
System Date
MM/DD/YY
System Time
HH:MM:SS
Display only
Access Level
Selects the Setup Menu Language. Only
English is supported on the FWA-5020.
Displays and sets the system date as used
by the BIOS
Displays and sets the system time as used
by the BIOS
Shows the user privilege level according to
the security settings. If password protection
has not been enabled, this will default to
“Administrator”
Table 22: BIOS Setup: Main Menu
3.2.1.1 Setting System Time and Date
Use this option to change the system time and date. Highlight System Time or
System Date using the <Arrow> keys. Enter new values through the keyboard. Press
the <Tab> key or the <Arrow> keys to move between fields. The date must be
entered in MM/DD/YY format. The time is entered in HH:MM:SS format.
Please note that system time and date are set during manufacturing process
according to factory’s local time zone. You may need to update system time to reflect
the desired time zone when you receive the unit.
3.2.2 Platform Setup Menu
Select the Platform tab from the FWA-5020 setup screen to enter the Platform Setup
screen. Users can select any of the items in the left frame of the screen, such as the
Trusted Computing Configuration, to go to the sub menu for that item. Users can
display a Platform BIOS Setup option by highlighting it using the <Arrow> keys.
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The Platform BIOS Setup screen is shown below. The sub menus are described on
the following pages.
Figure22: Platform Setup Main screen
3.2.2.1 Serial Port Console Redirection
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for the serial console.
Note that the serial console is always using COM1 which is connected to the front
panel.
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Figure 23: Platform Setup: Console Redirection Menu
3.2.2.1.1
COM1 Console Redirection Settings
The settings for COM1 console can be accessed in this menu.
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for the serial console. For
example, users can define the terminal type, bits per second, data bits, parity, stop
bits and others.
Setup item
Access /
Options
Description
Select the target terminal emulation type:
- ANSI to use the Extended ASCII Character Set.
- VT100 to use the ASCII Character set.
- VT100+ to add color and function key support.
- VT-UTF8 to use UTF8 encoding to map Unicode
characters into one or more bytes.
Defines the baud rate.
Terminal Type
ANSI / VT100 /
VT100+ /
VT-UTF8
Serial Console
Speed
9600 / 19200 /
38400 / 57600 /
115200
Data Bits
7/8
Defines number of data bits in a character.
Parity
None / Even /
Odd / Mark /
Space
Defines the parity scheme used.
Stop Bits
1/2
Defines number of stop bits in a character.
Flow Control
None / Xon/Xoff
Defines the flow control scheme.
VT-UF8 Combo
Key
Disabled /
Enabled
Disabled /
Enabled
Disabled /
Enabled
80x24 /
80x 25
VT100 /. LINUX /
XTERMR6 / SCO
/ ESCN / VT400
Enables VT-UTF8 Combination Key Support for ANSI /
VT100 terminals
When Enabled the data displayed on a terminal will be
captured and sent as text messages to a remote server.
Recorder Mode
Resolution
100x31
Legacy OS
redirection
PuTTY Keypad
Redirection after
BIOS
Always Enable /
BootLoader
Enables or disables extended terminal resolution
When using Legacy OS, this item specifies the Number of
Rows and Columns supported
Select Function Key and Key Pad Emulation on PuTTY.
This defines how long console redirection will be active:
“BootLoader” means that legacy console redirection is
disabled before booting into a Legacy OS. “Always Enable”
means Legacy console Redirection is enabled
permanently.
Table 23: Platform Setup: COM1 Console Redirection Menu Items
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3.2.2.2 USB Configuration
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for USB and to get an
overview of the USB devices detected by the BIOS.
Figure 24: Platform Setup: USB Configuration Menu
Group
None
USB
hardware
delay
Setup item
Access
Options
/
Description
USB Support
Enabled
Disabled
Legacy USB
Support
Auto
Enabled
Disabled
EHCI Hand-Off
Enabled
Disabled
Controls the hand off of EHCI ownership
from BIOS to OS at boot time.
USB transfer timeout
Device Reset
time-out
Device power-up
delay
Device power-up
delay
1sec / 5sec /
10sec / 20sec
10sec / 20sec /
30sec / 40sec
Auto
Manual
5
The time-out value for Control, Bulk, and
Interrupt transfers.
Time Out for a device to Reset
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Enables or disables the support for USB. If
disabled, the USB EHCI controller will not
be initialized by the BIOS.
Enables legacy support over USB to
support Keyboard and Mouse
Maximum time the device will take before it
properly reports itself to the Host Controller.
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Table 24: USB Configuration Menu
3.2.2.3 Trusted Computing
Please note that Trusted Computing support is disabled by default in the factory
defaults to save system boot time. If disabled, the Trusted Computing Menu will not
display any status information.
Figure 25: Platform Setup: Trusted Computing
Group
Setup item
Security
Device
Description
Auto
TPM1.2
TPM2.0
Display Only
Auto will support both or set the support for
the TPM 1.2 or TPM2.0.
TPM State
Display Only
Shows TPM Enablement Status
TPM Active State
Display Only
Shows TPM Activation Status
TPM Owner
Display Only
Shows Current TPM Owner
Configuration Sup
Support
Off
Current
Status
information
Access /
Options
Turned
Is displayed when TPM support is disabled
Table 25: Trusted Computing Menu
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Trusted Computing with TPM module installed
3.2.2.3.1
When system with TPM2.0 module installed, and the BIOS will auto detect it and the
related setting will be shown in the BIOS setup menu as below.
Figure 26: Platform Setup: Trusted Computing with TPM1.2
Group
TPM Device
Found
Current TPM
Status In
Setup item
Security
Sup
Device
Access /
Options
Enable
Disable
TPM State
Enable
Disable
Pending operation
None
Enable
Ownership
Disable
Ownership
TPM Clear
Enable
TPM
Status
Enabled
Take
Take
Description
BIOS support for security device. O.S. will
not show Security Device. TCG EFI
protocol and INT1A interface will not be
available.
Enable/Disable Security Device. NOTE:
Your Computer will reboot during restart in
order to change State of the Device.
Schedule
an
Operation
for
the
Security Device. NOTE: Your Computer
will reboot during restart in order to change
State of Security Device.
Display Only
TPM Active Status
Activated
Display Only
TPM
Status
Unowned
Display Only
Owner
Table 26: Trusted Computing Menu with TPM2.0
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3.2.2.4 Virtualization
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for Virtualization function.
Intel® Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O (VT-d). Thus, BIOS handle virtual
functions exposed by PCIe devices in case SR-IOV is supported, otherwise PCIe
devices will be assigned to virtual machines in pass-through mode. This applies for
all PCIe devices.
Figure 27: Platform Setup: Virtualization
Group
None
Access /
Options
Setup item
Intel Virtualization
Intel VT-d
IOAT
Enable
Disable
Enable
Disable
Enable
Disable
Description
Enable/Disable
Intel
Virtualization
Technology , take effect after reboot
Enable/disable
Intel
Virtualization
Technology for Directed I/O (VT-d) by
reporting the I/O device
Enable/disable Intel I/O Acceleration
Technology
Table 27: Virtualization Menu
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3.2.2.5 Platform Management
This sub menu allows you to change the settings used for related CPU utilization
setting.
The default configuration for CPU was optimized setting for getting better
performance for networking, so it is not recommend to change it.
Figure 28: Platform Setup: Platform Management
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Group
None
EIST
Enable
Disable
P-state
coordination
HW_ALL
CPU C3 report
Enable
Disable
Enable
Disable
CPU C6 report
Package C State
limit
Energy
Performance Tu
WHEA Support
BMC
test log
Self
Erase Log
When log is full
System event
log
Access /
Options
Setup item
C0/C1 state
C2 state
C6(non
Retention) state
C6(Retention)
state
Enable
Disable
Enable
Disable
Yes, On
reset
Clear Log
Description
Enable or disable BIOS support for
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology,
When enabled, OS sets CPU frequency
according load. When disabled, CPU
frequency is set at max non-turbo.
HW_ALL (hardware) coordination is
recommended over SW_ALL and SW_ANY
(software coordination).
Enable/Disable CPU C3(ACPI C2) report to
OS. Recommended to be disabled.
Enable/Disable CPU C6(ACPI C2) report to
OS Recommended to be enabled.
Package C State limit. The "waking-up
time" will be longer if Package C state limit
setting is deep C state support.
Selects whether BIOS or Operating System
chooses energy performance bias tuning.
Enable or disable the WHEA support
every
Erase Log Options
SEL Components
Enable
Disable
Erase SEL
No
Select the action to be taken when log is
full
Change this to enable or disable all
features of System Event Logging during
boot.
Choose options for erasing SEL.
When SEL is Full
Do Nothing
Choose options for reactions to a full SEL.
Log EFI
Codes
Error code
Disable the logging of EFI Status Codes or
log only error code or only progress code or
both
Status
Table 28: Platform Management Menu
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3.2.3 Hardware
This sub menu allows you to change the settings of the Intel chipset. Please note that
“chipset” is a legacy term and the related functionality is split over the CPU and PCH.
Similarly, the terms “South Bridge” and “North Bridge” are legacy terms and do not
represent the silicon implementation any more. However, those terms are kept
consistent with previous products to allow users to navigate more easily.
The sub menus are described on the following pages.
Figure 29: Hardware Configuration Menu
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3.2.3.1 Hardware Setup: CPU Configuration
This menu supports configuration of the Xeon-EP CPU.
Figure 30: Chipset: Processor Configuration Menu(FWA-5020U-D0A1R)
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Group
Socket0 CPU
information
Socket1 CPU
information
None
Setup item
Access /
Options
Description
CPU signature
Microcode Patch
CPU Frequency
Processor Cores
Intel VT-x
Technology
L1 code Cache
L2 Cache
L3 Cache
CPU signature
Microcode Patch
CPU Frequency
Processor Cores
Intel VT-x
Technology
L1 code Cache
L2 Cache
L3 Cache
Hyper-threading
Display only
Displays information on the processor
installed
Display only
Displays information on the processor
installed
Enable
Disable
Enables Hyper Threading (Software
Method to enable/disable logical processor
threads.
Limit CPUID
Maximum
Execute Disable
Bit
Disable
Enable
Enable
Disable
Hardware
Prefetcher
Enable
Disable
Adjacent Cache
Line Prefetch
Enable
Disable
DCU Streamer
Prefetch
Enable
Disable
DCU IP
Prefetcher
Enable
Disable
Execute Disable Bit allows the processor to
classify areas in memory where application
code can be executed and cannot
preventing certain classes of malicious
buffer overflow attacks when combined with
a supporting operating system.
Enable or disable Hardware Prefetcher
feature.
= MLC Streamer Prefetcher (MSR 1A4h
Bit[0])
Enable or disable Adjacent Cache Prefetch
feature.
= MLC Spatial Prefetcher (MSR 1A4h
Bit[1])
Enable or disable DCU Streamer
Prefetcher feature.
DCU streamer prefetcher is an L1 data
cache prefetcher (MSR 1A4h [2]).
Enable or disable DCU IP Prefetcher
feature.
DCU IP prefetcher is an L1 data cache
prefetcher (MSR 1A4h [3]).
Table 29: Processor Configuration Menu
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3.2.3.2 Hardware Setup: North Bridge Configuration
This menu helps to clarify the configuration of the memory controller and related
features
Figure 31: NorthBridge Configuration Menu
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Group
Setup item
Access /
Options
DIMM Information Display only
DDR Speed
Auto
1333
1600
1867
2133 (MHz)
RAS Mode
Disabled
Mirror Mode
Lockstep Mode
Memory
Rank Disabled
Sparing
Enabled
Spare
32767
Error/Memory Co
Numa
Disabled
Enabled
Channel
Auto
Interleaving
1-way Interleave
2-way Interleave
3-way Interleave
4-way Interleave
Rank Interleaving
Auto
1-way Interleave
2-way Interleave
3-way Interleave
4-way Interleave
Patrol Scrub
Disabled
Enabled
Demand Scrub
Disabled
Enabled
Data Scrambling
Auto
Disabled
Enabled
Rank Margin Tool
Auto
Disabled
Enabled
Description
Maximum Memory Frequency Selections in
Mhz. Do not select Reserved
MEnable/Disable RAS modes. Enabling
Sparing and Mirroring is not supported.
Incase if enabled, Sparing will be selected.
Enable/Disable RMemory Rank Sparing
ESpare
Error/Memory
Correctable
Threadhold (1 - 32767 )
EEnable or Disable Non uniform Memory
Access (NUMA).
ESelect Channel Interleaving setting
Select Crank Interleaving setting
SEnable/Disable Patrol Scrub
Enable/Disable PDemand Scrub
Enable/s data scrambling
Enables dthe rank margin tool to run after
DDR3 memory training
PCI
Express
Ports
Configuration
NA
NA
NA
QPI
Configuration
NA
NA
NA
PCI
subsystem
Settings
NA
NA
NA
Table 30: Northbridge Configuration Menu
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3.2.3.3 PCI Express Port Configuration
This sub-menu contains settings for the PCIe subsystem. Some menu items are
referred to as “PCI” settings. Although the FWA-5020 does not implement a PCI bus,
these settings still apply to the platform as PCIe is using the same configuration
mechanism as PCI.
Figure 32: Hardware Setup: PCI Subsystem
Group
Setup item
Subtractive
Decode
PCIe Hot Plug
None
IOH 0 PCIe
port
Bifurcation
Control
Access /
Options
Enabled
Disable
Enabled
Disable
Above 4G
Decoding
Enabled
Disable
SR-IOV Support
Enabled
Disable
Above 4G
Decoding
Enabled /
Disabled
PORT 1A Link
Speed
PORT 1B Link
Speed
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GEN1
GEN2
GEN3
AUTO
GEN1
GEN2
GEN3
Description
PCI
Express
Subtractive
Enable/disable
Enable PCIe hot plug
Decode
Enables or Disables 64bit capable Devices
to be Mapped above 4GB in the Address
Space.
Enable this for support Dingle Root IO
virtualization
Enables or Disables 64bit capable Devices
to be Mapped above 4GB in the Address
Space.
Change PCI Express Devices Settings.
Change PCI Express Devices Settings.
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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IOU1 - PCIe Port
IOU2 - PCIe Port
IOU3 - PCIe Port
PORT 1A Link
Speed
PORT 1B Link
Speed
IOH 1 PCIe
port
Bifurcation
Control
IOU1 - PCIe Port
IOU2 - PCIe Port
IOU3 - PCIe Port
AUTO
x4x4x4x4
x4x4x8
x8x4x4
x8x8
x16
Auto
x4x4x4x4
x4x4x8
x8x4x4
x8x8
x16
Auto
x4x4x4x4
x4x4x8
x8x4x4
x8x8
x16
Auto
GEN1
GEN2
GEN3
AUTO
GEN1
GEN2
GEN3
AUTO
x4x4x4x4
x4x4x8
x8x4x4
x8x8
x16
Auto
x4x4x4x4
x4x4x8
x8x4x4
x8x8
x16
Auto
x4x4x4x4
x4x4x8
x8x4x4
x8x8
x16
Auto
Select PCIe port bifurcation
Select PCIe port bifurcation
Select PCIe port bifurcation
Change PCI Express Devices Settings.
Change PCI Express Devices Settings.
Select PCIe port bifurcation
Select PCIe port bifurcation
Select PCIe port bifurcation
Table 31: Hardware Setup: PCI Subsystem Menu Items
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3.2.3.4 QPI Configuration
This sub-menu contains settings for the QPI configuration.
Figure 33: Hardware Setup: QPI configuration
Group
Setup item
Isoc
Link Speed Mode
Link Frequency
Select
None
Link0p Enable
Link1p Enable
Access /
Options
Enabled
Disable
Fast
Slow
Auto
6.4 GB/s
8.0 GB/s
9.6 GB/s
Auto Limited
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Enable/disable ISOC
Select QPI link speed as either the POR
speed (Fast) or default speed (slow)
Allows for Selecting the QPI link frequency
Enable/disable Link0
Enable/disable Link1
Table 32: Hardware Setup: QPI configuration Menu Items
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3.2.3.5 PCI Subsystem Settings
3.2.3.6 Hardware Setup: South Bridge Configuration
This menu contains settings for the South Bridge for related SATA and USB and
ACPI setting etc.
Figure 34: Hardware Setup: South Bridge configuration
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Group
Access /
Options
Setup item
Description
SATA
Configuration
N/A
Select sub-menu.
USB
Configuration
N/A
Select sub-menu.
ACPI Settings
N/A
Select sub-menu.
Runtime Error
Logging
N/A
Select sub-menu.
Serial Mux
Enable/Disable
PCH Compatibility
RID
Enable/Disable
Enable or Disable PCH’s CCRID
SMBus Controller
Enable/Disable
Enable or Disable SMBus CDevice
GbE Controller
Enable/Disable
Wake on LAN
Enable/Disable
Restore AC
Power Lose
Power On/Power
Off/ Last State
Select S0/S5 for ACPI state after a G3
Table 33: Hardware Setup: South Bridge configuration Menu Items
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3.2.3.6.1
South Bridge Configuration: SATA Configuration
Figure 35: Hardware Setup: SATA configuration
Feature
Default
Description
SATA Port0
Display only
Show current SATA devices in use on the
FWA-5020
SATA Port1
Display only
SATA Port2
Display only
SATA Port3
Display only
SATA Port4
Display only
SATA Port5
Display only
SATA Mode
AHCI Mode
(1) IDE Mode. (2) AHCI Mode. (3) RAID Mode.
SATA Controller
Enabled
To enable the SATA controller
Table 34: Hardware Setup: SATA configuration Menu Items
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3.2.3.7 USB Configuration
This menu contains settings for the USB configuration.
Figure 36: Hardware Setup: USB configuration
Group
None
Setup item
xHCI Mode
Access /
Options
Smart Auto
Auto
Enabled
Disabled
Manual
Description
To set up the mode of operation of xHCI
controller
Table 35: Hardware Setup: USB configuration Menu Items
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3.2.3.8 ACPI Setting
This menu contains settings for the ACPI configuration.
Figure 37: Hardware Setup: ACPI configuration
Group
Setup item
Access /
Options
Description
Enable ACPI Auto
Configuration
Enabled
Disabled
Enable or disable BIOS ACPI auto
configuration
Enable
Hibernation
Enabled
Disabled
Enable the system ability to hibernate
(OS/S4 sleep state), this option may be not
effective with some O.S
ACPI Sleep State
Suspend
Disabled
S1 (CPU Stop
Clock)
Select the highest ACPI sleep state the
system will enter when the SUSPEND
button is pressed.
Lock Legacy
Resources
Enabled
Disabled
Enable lock of legacy resources
None
Table 36: Hardware Setup: ACPI configuration Menu Items
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3.2.3.9 Runtime Error logging
This sub-menu contains settings for the Runtime error logging configuration.
Figure 38: Hardware Setup: Runtime Error logging configuration
Group
Setup item
Access /
Options
Description
System Errors
Enabled
Disabled
Auto
System error enabling and logging setup
option
PCI-Ex Error
Enable
Enabled
Disabled
Enable or Disable PCI-Ex Error
None
Table 37: Hardware Setup: Runtime Error logging Menu Items
3.2.4 Server Mgmt
The Server Mgmt menu supports configuring BMC related features such as OS
Watchdog Timer, etc.
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Figure 39: Server Mgmt configuration
Group
None
Setup item
Access /
Options
BMC Self Test
Status
Display only
(Passed)
OS Watchdog
Timer
Enable
Disable
OS Wtd Timer
Timeout
5 minutes
10 minutes
15 minutes
20 minutes
Configure the length of the OS Boot
Watchdog Timer. Not available if OS Boot
Watchdog Timer is disabled.
OS Wtd Timer
Policy
Do Nothing
Reset
Power Down
Configure how the system should respond
if the OS Boot Watchdog Timer expires.
Not available if OS Boot Watchdog Timer is
disabled.
View FRU
information
N/A
sub-menu.
Description
BMC self test status indication during
power on process
If enabled, starts a BIOS timer which can
only be shut off by Management Software
after the OS loads.
Helps determine that the OS successfully
loaded or follows the OS Boot Watchdog
Timer
Table 38: Server Mgmt configuration Menu Items
3.2.5 Security Setup
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“Administrator Password” allows users to configure the system so that a password
after being installed is required each time the system boots, and/or an attempt is
made to enter the Setup program.
Note:
If set the “Password Check” is [Setup], then this only limits access to Setup and is only
asked for when entering Setup.
 If set the “Password Check” is [Always], then this is a power on password and must be
entered to boot or enter Setup. In Setup the User will have Administrator rights.
 The password length must be in the following range:

Minimum length: 3

Maximum length: 20

3.2.6 POST & Boot Menu
Users can configure the system boot priority settings via the boot page. The default
setting of boot priority of boot option #1 is “UEFI: Built-in EFI Shell”; Users can define
the boot priorities based on the application.
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Figure 40 Boot Configuration
Feature
Default
Description
Setup Prompt Timeout
1
Bootup NumLock State
On
Number of seconds to wait for setup activation
key.
Select the keyboard NumLock state.
Quiet Boot
Disabled
Enables or disables Quiet Boot option.
Network Stack
Disabled
Enables or disables boot via Network (PXE)
Boot Option Priority
User Defined
Sets the system boot order.
CSM16 Parameters
Option
ROM
Messages
CSM Support
Force BIOS
Keep Current
Enable the CSM support
CSM Parameters
Table 39 Boot Configuration
3.2.6.1 Compatibility Support Module (CSM) Configuration
This submenu allows users to configure the support for legacy BIOS mechanisms
and option ROMs.
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Figure 41: Post & Boot Setup: CSM Configuration Menu
Group
Setup item
CSM Support
Boot option filter
Access /
Options
Description
Enabled
Disabled
UEFI and Legacy
Legacy Only
UEFI Only
Enables or disables the Compatibility
Support Module.
Do not launch
UEFI
Legacy
This item allows a more granular control of
OptionROM execution depending of the
type of extension device.
This item allows to control the execution of
legacy and UEFI compliant Option ROMs
Network
None
Storage
Video
Other PCI device
ROM
Table 40: CSM Configuration Menu
3.2.7 Save & Exit Menu
The FWA-5020 BIOS allows users to store BIOS configuration results as “User
Defaults.” Users can select “Save as User Defaults” to record all changes which had
been made in previous pages as the default setting for further use.
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Figure 42: Save & Exit Menu
Group
None
Save Options
Boot Override
Setup item
Description
Save Changes and
Exit
Discard Changes
and Exit
Save Changes and
Reset
Discard Changes
and Reset
Exit setup after saving the changes. Does not update User
defaults.
Exit setup without saving any changes.
Save Changes
Save Changes made so far to any of the setup options.
Discard Changes
Discard Changes made so far to any of the setup options.
Restore Defaults
Restores the BIOS factory defaults to all the setup options.
Save as User
Defaults
Restore User
Defaults
UEFI: < boot
device>
Reset system after saving the changes. Does not update
User Defaults.
Reset system without saving the changes.
Saves the Current BIOS Settings as User Defaults.
Restores the User defaults to all the setup options.
This option allows you to override the specified boot order
and use a different boot device for the next boot.
Table 41: Save & Exit Menu Options
3.3
Installing Components
Please make sure you follow the safety guidelines presented in section1.1 when
making changes to the hardware.
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3.3.1 Removing the top cover
You need:
-
a PH2/PH3 screw driver
The top cover is secured by a total of 7 screws, 1 on the left, and 6 on the top cover.
Figure 43: Top cover screw (Top cover/ FWA-5020U-D0A1R)
To remove the top cover, remove these screws using a PH1 screw driver. Be sure to
keep the screws in a safe place for top cover re-installation.
After that, slide the top cover backwards until the front flange of the top cover
disengages with the unit’s face plate:
Figure 44: Slide Top Cover back
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Figure 45: Top Cover Flange Disengagement(FWA-5020U-D0A1R)
Now lift off and remove the top cover.
3.3.2 Reinstalling the top cover
You need:
-
a PH1/PH2 screw driver
To re-install the top cover slide it onto the unit from the top with the top cover flange
facing the unit’s face plate. Keep a gap of about an inch between the front plate and
the flange.
After that, slide the top cover forward until the flange is fully seated underneath the
face plate.
Now insert the screws in the 7 locations shown above. Tighten each screw only
lightly then move on to the next screw. After all screws have been inserted, tighten
them.
3.3.3 Disk Installation
3.3.3.1 2.5” HDD drive
You need:
-
a PH2 screw driver
a standard 2.5” SATA HDD
the HDD carrier module (included in the unit)
the SATA cable (included in the unit)
Figure 46: Screws for HDD mounting
After removing the top cover, follow the instructions below for 2.5” disk installation:
1) Remove the HDD module from machine
2) The HDD carrier plate has two holes on each side to accommodate different
HDD vendor’s mounting hole locations.
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Insert the HDD module back to machine after the HDD is ready.
Figure 47: HDD Carrier module install (FWA-5020L/U-00A1R for top one, FWA5020U-D0A1R for bottom one)
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FWA-5020L/U-00A1R: After locking the 4 pcs screw on the side of HDD tray, close
the latch and then put it into machine.
FWA-5020U-D0A1R: Please turn the HDD plate back and lock 8pcs screws into
HDD.
Figure 48: Carrier plate and HDD alignment (Top: FWA-5020L/U-00A1R;
Bottom: FWA-5020U-D0A1R)
Connect the SATA cable delivered with the unit to the disk as well as the mother
board connector. Please make yourself be aware of the keying mechanism in the
SATA connector before inserting the cable.
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Figure 49: SATA cabling
3.3.4 Memory Installation
After removing the top cover, follow the instructions below for DIMM installation:
1) Double check that the DIMMs to be installed match the requirements of
section 2.4.5.
2) Open the white latches on the left and right sides of the DIMMs by turning it
outwards as indicated by the arrows below.
Figure 50: Opening DIMM latches
3) Select DIMM orientation so that the keys in the DIMM module and socket
match.
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Figure 51: DIMM key alignment
4) Insert the DIMM from the top using the guide rails on the left and right of the
DIMM sockets.
Figure 52: DIMM insertion into slide rails
5) Put your thumbs near the right and left end of the DIMM and press down the
DIMM evenly until the white latches fully close with a click.
Figure 53: Seating the DIMM in the socket
6) In case you want to install another DIMM, repeat steps 1) to 5) accordingly.
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3.4
Firmware Upgrades
3.4.1 BIOS
The BIOS can be upgraded using “ipmitool” under Linux. ipmitool-1.8.15 or newer is
required. Or go for IPMI command with HPM.1 to upgrade the BIOS .s
“ipmitool” is available via https://sourceforge.net/projects/ipmitool/ or as part of all
major Linux distributions. Documentation on ipmitool can also be found there.
Start ipmitool with the following parameters to update the BIOS on the FWA-5020:
A. ipmitool hpm upgrade (BIOS Name) -z 255 force
B. ipmitool hpm activate
C. reboot system and follow step A to flash second BIOS chip.
3.4.2 LAN Bypass
LAN Bypass Firmware can be upgraded via the LAN Bypass Software. Please refer
to the Advanced LAN Bypass User’s Manual for details.
3.5
Replacing FRUs
Please make sure you follow the safety guidelines presented in section1.1 when
making changes to the hardware.
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For instruction on how to remove and install the top cover of the unit please refer to
section 3.3.
3.5.1
Disk drives
3.5.1.1 2.5” HDD
You need:
-
a PH2 screw driver
a standard 2.5” SATA HDDTo remove the HDD, proceed in the reverse of the
installation procedure in section 3.3.3.1:
5)
6)
7)
8)
Detach the HDD power and SATA cables
Remove the four screws on the corners of the HDD carrier plate and
remove the HDD carrier plate from the system
Remove the HDD mounting screws and extract the HDD from the carrier
plate.
Install a new HDD by following the instructions in section 3.3.3.1.
3.5.2
CMOS Battery
You need:
-
A BR2032 battery
Warning!
There is the danger of explosion if the battery is replaced incorrectly. Replace the
battery only with the same or equivalent type specified above.
Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.
To replace the RTC’s battery located at B1, pull the spring clip securing the battery
forward with your finger tip. Please handle with care and do not bend the spring clip.
Then extract the battery vertically.
Figure 54: Pulling up the battery
Keeping the spring clip pulled towards you, insert the replacement battery.
Please make sure you insert the battery in correct polarity with the positive pole
facing on top and the negative pole facing the bottom. Trying to insert the battery with
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incorrect orientation/polarity will damage the battery holder. Additional security risks
apply as stated above.
Figure 55 Battery Polarity
When the coin cell is seated release the spring clip and control that it moves back
into its original position and that it secures the battery correctly.
3.5.3
DIMMs
To replace a DIMM module, basically extract the DIMM module by pushing the DIMM
socket latches outward. As the latches flip completely open, the DIMM module will be
automatically extracted from the socket. Pull the DIMM module out vertically.
Figure 56: Unlocking and removing a DIMM
To insert a new DIMM please follow the process described in section 3.3.4.
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A. APPENDIX: CONNECTOR PINOUT AND LED
INFORMATION
A.1)
Console Port (RS232)
This connector can be found at position F5.
Please note that this RJ45 connector for the console, in contrast to RJ45 connectors
for network ports, does not feature any integrated LEDs.
Figure 57: RJ45 Console connector
Pin No.
Signal Name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
n.c.
n.c.
Description
Not connected
Not connected
Transmit Data (Output from FWA-5020)
Digital Circuit Ground
Digital Circuit Ground
Receive Data (input to FWA-5020)
Not connected
Not connected
TX
GND
GND
RX
n.c.
n.c.
Table 42: Console connector pin assignment
A.2)
USB 3.0 Type A connectors
These connectors can be found at position
Figure 58: Stacked USB Type A connector
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Pin No.
Signal Name
Description
1
2
3
VBUS
D−
D+
VCC5_USB3_P34
USB2_N2
4
5
6
GND
StdA_SSRX−
StdA_SSRX+
GND
USB3_RX_DN3
7
8
9
10
11
GND_DRAIN
StdA_SSTX−
StdA_SSTX+
VBUS
D−
GND
USB3_TX_DN3
USB3_TX_DP3
VCC5_USB3_P34
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
D+
GND
StdA_SSRX−
StdA_SSRX+
GND_DRAIN
StdA_SSTX−
StdA_SSTX+
USB2_P3
GND
USB3_RX_DN4
USB3_RX_DP4
GND
USB3_TX_DN4
USB3_TX_DP4
USB2_P2
USB3_RX_DP3
USB2_N3
Table 43: Stacked USB Type A connector pin assignment
A.3)
RJ45 10/100/1000 BASE-T ports
These connectors can be found at positions F6 through F7
Left: Speed LED
Right: Link/Active LED
Figure 59: RJ45 10/100/1000 Base-T connector
A.3.1)
Connector Pinout
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Pin No.
Signal Name
Description
1
MDI[0]+
Media Dependent Interface[0]+
2
MDI[0]-
Media Dependent Interface[0]-
3
MDI[1]+
Media Dependent Interface[1]+
4
MDI[2]+
Media Dependent Interface[2]+
5
MDI[2]-
Media Dependent Interface[2]-
6
MDI[1]-
Media Dependent Interface[1]-
7
MDI[3]+
Media Dependent Interface[3]+
8
MDI[3]-
Media Dependent Interface[3]-
Table 44: RJ45 10/100/1000 Base-T connector pin assignment
A.3.2)
LED Definition
Speed LED
Left
(Green / Amber
Color)
Link/Active
LED
Right
(Green / Amber Color)
10 Mbps
Off
Link
Turn on Green
100 Mbps
Static Amber
Active
Blinking Green
Static Green
Bypass
Status:
Disconnect
Blinking Amber
Bypass
Status:
Bypass
Static Amber
1000 Mbps
Table 45: RJ45 connector LED indication
Note: Bypass States are only signalled on the traffic LAN ports. Management LAN
ports do not have this extra LED colour & signalling.
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B. BIOS POST CODES
POST Codes are diagnostic codes sent by the BIOS to IO address 0x80. A POST
adapter needs to be installed in the system to view these POST Codes. Codes not
listed are reserved by AMI.
POST Code
Description
0x01
Power on. Reset type detection (soft/hard).
0x02
AP initialization before microcode loading
0x03
North Bridge initialization before microcode loading
0x04
South Bridge initialization before microcode loading
0x05
unused
0x06
Microcode loading
0x07
AP initialization after microcode loading
0x08
North Bridge initialization after microcode loading
0x09
South Bridge initialization after microcode loading
0x0A
unused
0x0B
Cache initialization
0x0E
Microcode not found
0x0F
Microcode not loaded
0x10
PEI Core is started
0x11
Pre-memory CPU initialization is started
0x12
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x13
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x14
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x15
Pre-memory North Bridge initialization is started
0x16
0x17
0x18
0x19
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization is started
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POST Code
0x1A
0x1B
0x1C
0x1D – 0x2A
Description
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
unused
0x2B
Memory initialization. Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data
reading
0x2C
Memory initialization. Memory presence detection
0x2D
Memory initialization. Programming memory timing information
0x2E
Memory initialization. Configuring memory
0x2F
Memory initialization (other).
0x30
Reserved for ASL
0x31
Memory Installed
0x32
CPU post-memory initialization is started
0x33
CPU post-memory initialization. Cache initialization
0x34
0x35
0x36
0x37
0x38
0x39
0x3A
0x3B
0x3C
0x3D
0x3E
0x3F -0x4E
CPU post-memory initialization. Application Processor(s) (AP)
initialization
CPU post-memory initialization. Boot Strap Processor (BSP)
selection
CPU post-memory initialization. System Management Mode
(SMM) initialization
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization is started
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module
specific)
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization is started
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module
specific)
unused
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
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POST Code
Description
0x4F
DXE IPL is started
0x50
Memory initialization error. Invalid memory type or incompatible
memory speed
0x51
Memory initialization error. SPD reading has failed
0x52
Memory initialization error. Invalid memory size or memory
modules do not match.
0x53
Memory initialization error. No usable memory detected
0x54
Unspecified memory initialization error.
0x55
Memory not installed
0x56
Invalid CPU type or Speed
0x57
CPU mismatch
0x58
CPU self test failed or possible CPU cache error
0x59
CPU micro-code is not found or micro-code update is failed
0x5A
Internal CPU error
0x5B
reset PPI is not available
0x60
DXE Core is started
0x61
NVRAM initialization
0x62
Installation of the South Bridge Runtime Services
0x63
CPU DXE initialization is started
0x64
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x65
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x66
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x67
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
0x68
PCI host bridge initialization
0x69
North Bridge DXE initialization is started
0x6A
North Bridge DXE SMM initialization is started
0x6B
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6C
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6D
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
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POST Code
Description
0x6E
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x6F
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x70
South Bridge DXE initialization is started
0x71
South Bridge DXE SMM initialization is started
0x72
South Bridge devices initialization
0x72
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x73
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x74
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x75
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x76
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x77
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x78
ACPI module initialization
0x79
CSM initialization
0x80 – 0x8F
unused
0x90
Boot Device Selection (BDS) phase is started
0x91
Driver connecting is started
0x92
PCI Bus initialization is started
0x93
PCI Bus Hot Plug Controller Initialization
0x94
PCI Bus Enumeration
0x95
PCI Bus Request Resources
0x96
PCI Bus Assign Resources
0x97
Console Output devices connect
0x98
Console input devices connect
0x99
Super IO Initialization
0x9A
USB initialization is started
0x9B
USB Reset
0x9C
USB Detect
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
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POST Code
Description
0x9D
USB Enable
0xA0
IDE initialization is started
0xA1
IDE Reset
0xA2
IDE Detect
0xA3
IDE Enable
0xA4
SCSI initialization is started
0xA5
SCSI Reset
0xA6
SCSI Detect
0xA7
SCSI Enable
0xA8
Setup Verifying Password
0xA9
Start of Setup
0xAA
Reserved for ASL
0xAB
Setup Input Wait
0xAC
Reserved for ASL
0xAD
Ready To Boot event
0xAE
Legacy Boot event
0xAF
Exit Boot Services event
0xB0
Runtime Set Virtual Address MAP Begin
0xB1
Runtime Set Virtual Address MAP End
0XB2
Legacy Option ROM Initialization
0xB3
System Reset
0XB4
USB hot plug
0xB5
PCI bus hot plug
0xB6
Clean-up of NVRAM
0xB7
Configuration Reset (reset of NVRAM settings)
0xC0 – 0xCF
0xD0
unused
CPU initialization error
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
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POST Code
Description
0xD1
North Bridge initialization error
0xD2
South Bridge initialization error
0xD3
Some of the Architectural Protocols are not available
0xD4
PCI resource allocation error. Out of Resources
0xD5
No Space for Legacy Option ROM
0xD6
No Console Output Devices are found
0xD7
No Console Input Devices are found
0xD8
Invalid password
0xD9
Error loading Boot Option (LoadImage returned error)
0xDA
Boot Option is failed (StartImage returned error)
0xDB
Flash update is failed
0xDC
Reset protocol is not available
0XE0
S3 Resume is stared (S3 Resume PPI is called by the DXE
IPL)
0xE1
S3 Boot Script execution
0xE2
Video repost
0xE3
OS S3 wake vector call
0xE8
S3 Resume Failed
0xE9
S3 Resume PPI not Found
0xEA
S3 Resume Boot Script Error
0xEB
S3 OS Wake Error
0xF0 – 0xF4
unused
0xf8 – 0xFA
unused
Table 46: BIOS POST Codes
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 94
C. APPENDIX: POWER SUPPLY SPECIFICATION
The FWA-5020 is available with a 650W redundant AC PSU. The specifications for
this power supply are listed below. Please consult your Advantech representative
reg. other power supply options.
Item
Specification
Comment / Conditions
Rating
650W
0..50°C ambient
AC input voltage
90-264V, 47-63Hz
Auto ranging
Input Current
35A peak@115VAC
70A peak@240VAC
16ms min.
Hold up time
Efficiency
@ 70% Load
MTBF
80PLUSR Gold Level Power @50%
Efficiency (Module)
100,000h @25°C and full load
MIL217F
Safety
UL, CB, CE,CCC,TUV,
EMI Compliance




IEC 60950
E176239 /
EN
GB4943,GB9254,GB
17625
60950/
EN55022
CLASS
B:2006+A1:2007
EN61000-32:2006+A2:2009
EN61000-3-3:2008
AS/NZS CISPR 22: 2006
“5 of 6” compliant
Environment
RoHS
Protection
Short Circuit Protection
Over Current Protection
Over Voltage Protection
Over Temperature Protection
No load Operation
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
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Item
Specification
Comment / Conditions
Rating
650W
AC input voltage
-40~-72VDC
Input Current
24-12A @ -48VDC
Hold up time
1ms min.
Efficiency
≧80%
MTBF
100,000h @25°C and full load
MIL217F
Safety
UL, CB, CE,CCC,TUV,FCC
IEC 60950
E176239
EN 60950
GB4943,GB9254,GB
17625
EMI Compliance
EN 55022: 2010 / AC: 2011,
Class A
EN 55024: 2010
IEC 61000-4-2: 2008
IEC 61000-4-3: 2006 +
A1: 2007 + A2: 2010
IEC 61000-4-4: 2012
IEC 61000-4-5: 2014
IEC 61000-4-6: 2013
IEC 61000-4-8: 2009
RoHS
“5 of 6” compliant
Environment
Protection
0..50°C ambient
at 70% of maximum load at
48VDC
@-48Vdc
Short Circuit Protection
Over Current Protection
Over Voltage Protection
Over Temperature Protection
No load Operation
Table 47: Redundant AC/DC Power Supply Specification
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 96
D. APPENDIX: DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
The FWA-5020 has been successfully tested for compliance to the regulations below.
Should you need a signed copy of the declaration of conformity or the related test
reports, please contact your Advantech representative.
CE
This product has passed the CE test for environmental specifications when shielded
cables are used for external wiring.
FCC Class A
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
or her own expense.
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
Page 97
E. APPENDIX: WARRANTY AND RMA
Advantech warrants to you, the original purchaser, that each of its products will be
free from defects in materials and workmanship for two years from the date of
purchase.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been repaired or altered by
persons other than repair personnel authorized by Advantech, or which have been
subject to misuse, abuse, accident or improper installation. Advantech assumes no
liability under the terms of this warranty as a consequence of such events.
Because of Advantech’s high quality-control standards and rigorous testing, most of
our customers never need to use our repair service. If an Advantech product is
defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no charge during the warranty period. For
out-of-warranty repairs, you will be billed according to the cost of replacement
materials, service time and freight. Please consult your dealer for more details.
If you think you have a defective product, follow these steps:
1. Collect all the information about the problem encountered, for example,
Advantech products used, other hardware and software used, etc. Note anything
abnormal and list any onscreen messages you get when the problem occurs.
2. Call your dealer and describe the problem. Please have your manual, product,
and any helpful information readily available.
3. If your product is diagnosed as defective, obtain an RMA (return merchandise
authorization) number from your dealer. This allows us to process your return
more quickly.
4. Carefully pack the defective product, a fully-completed Repair and Replacement
Order Card and a photocopy proof of purchase date (such as your sales receipt)
in a shippable container. A product returned without proof of the purchase date is
not eligible for warranty service.
5. Write the RMA number visibly on the outside of the package and ship it prepaid to
your dealer.
FWA-5020 User Manual v01_20161111
Copyright 2015 Advantech Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.
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