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Craft and related trades workers apply their specific knowledge and skills in the fields of mining
and construction, form metal, erect metal structures, set machine tools, or make, fit, maintain and
repair machinery, equipment or tools, carry out printing work as well as produce or process
foodstuffs, textiles, or wooden, metal and other articles, including handicraft goods.
The work is carried out by hand and by hand powered and other tools, which are used to reduce the
amount of physical effort and time required for specific tasks, as well as to improve the quality of
the products. The tasks call for an understanding of all stages of the production process, the
materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of the final product. Most occupations in this
division require skills at second skill level.
Extraction and building trades workers extract and work solid minerals from underground or
surface mines or quarries, shape and finish stone for building and other purposes, or construct,
maintain and repair buildings and other structures. The work carried out by hand and by hand
powered and other tools, which are used to reduce the amount of physical effort and time required
for specific tasks, as well as to improve the quality of the products. The tasks call for an
understanding of the work organisation, the materials and tools used, and the nature and purpose of
the final product.
Miners, shotfirers, stone cutters and carvers extract solid minerals from underground or surface
mines or quarries, charge and denote explosives, or cut and shape stone for building and other
Mines and quarry workers extract solid
minerals from underground or surface mines
or quarries.
Pick Miner extracts coals
diamond, metal ore etc. .by cutting working
face of mine with pick axe where machine
mining is not economical or possible .
Examines working face. Cuts into seam on
sides and floor using pick to loosen rock.
Dresses roof and sides of working face, when
blasting is complete to remove loosened rock.
Breaks bigger rock lumps into smaller size
fills basket with broken ore and loads ore into
mine cars for transportation to haulage
point. May make under cut below coal seam,
clear under cut for drilling and blasting and
also push loaded cars to haulage point .May
be designated as MINER PICK AXE
FLOOR COAL CUTTER in case of coal
mining and MINE DIGGER if engaged in
diamond mining .
7111.15 Miner, Metal extracts metal ores in
underground or open cast mines by breaking
blasted slabs, dressing roof sides and working
face with crowbar, hammer, shovel and pick
axe. Strikes working face with crowbar or
pick-axe to loosen and drop metal ores. Cuts
floor ores with pick-axe and dresses sides
properly. Breaks large pieces into smaller ones
with sledge hammer, shovels metal ores into
baskets and empties them into Chats (large
tubes) for onward transmission for processing.
May drill hole in roof face using crowbar and
hammer to prepare working face for blasting.
May separate ore from impurities. May be
designated as MUCKER or
MISTRY if engaged in copper mines.
7111.20 Miner, Mica extracts crude mica from
working face in mica mine with chisel and
hammer after blasting. Strikes working face
with chisel and hammer to extract mica after
it has been loosened by blasting. Dresses
roof and sides to extract loosened mica
blocks. May fill bags with mica blocks for
transportation to factory. May drill holes in
working face for blasting. May blast mica
bearing veins with explosives during hand
7111.25 Miner. Coal; Coal Cutter; Coal
Puller extracts coal from coal pillars inside
mines using crowbar and pick-axe after coal
pillars are blasted by Shot Firer. Strikes sides
of pillar with pick-axe or crowbar to loosen
and drop coal from pillars. Cuts working
face with pick-axe and dresses hanging coal
from roof and sides with crowbar. Breaks
coal lumps to convenient sizes and shovels
them into tubs. May set loaded tubs on tram
May be designated as C. P.
MINER(Coal Pillar Mines) if does charging
and blasting of shot holes as well; and as
MINER DEPILLARRING if gets it done by
Shot Firer.
7111.30 Quarryman, Stone; Miner Stone,
extracts various kinds of stone from quarries
or open pits. Removes loose soil and mud
from surface and sides of blasted deposits
using shovel. Removes slabs of stones from
earth with crowbar, wedge or pick and breaks
them into convenient size using sledge
hammer Dresses rough surface of stone and
granite blocks by chipping and cuts them as
instructed to required shape and size .May
drill shot holes in quarry face for
blasting. May sort out ore and mineral
according to quality.
7111.35 Quarryman, other extracts china
clay, lime stone, fire clay and other non metal
deposits from quarry by cutting breaking etc.
using pick axe, crow bar, spade and other
tools. Digs soil to reach deposits. Drills
specified shot holes of required depth in rock
faces for blasting by SHOT FIRER. Extracts
lime stone, china clay, fire clay and other
deposits from blasted querry faces using
shovel pick axe, crowbar etc. Breaks large
pieces in to convenient size with hammer and
gets them removed or specified place. May
charge and ignite explosive. May specialise
in extracting china clay using pick axe, shove
land spade. May carry basket filled with
china clay to specified place. May dewater
quarry with pump or bucket, remove mud and
perform alike duties if required.
7111.40 Main Header, Colliery construct
narrow roads for opening new works, cuts air
passages and blocks old roads in coal mine.
Receives instructions on dimension and
location of gallery (Tunnel or passage in coal
mine) to open new work. Cuts tunnel passage
according to specification using mechanical
devices and hand tools, inserting pipe range for
pumping operations, exploring strata to know
behaviour of roof, etc. Cuts air passages and
blocks old roads by drilling, blasting etc.
Shovels coal, rock and refuse from corners and
working areas into cars to prevent interference
with mining operations and circulation of
air. May also be engaged in shaft sinking.
7111.45 Stone Cutter, Mines makes holes or
cuts stone or rock faces in mine with machine
or hand tools such as power drill, crowbar,
chisel etc .for putting up support or
constructing brick foundation. Marks portion of
roof and footwall to be cut for insertion of
prop. Cuts face of hitches underground and
makes hole to desired depth according to
diameter to prop, using power drill, crow bar,
chisel hammer etc. Removes rubbish and erects
roof supports. May drill shot holes for bringing
down roof or blowing
floor. May build
roadways and pack walls of air ways.
7111.47 Roof Bolter, Mining operates
machinery to install roof support bolts in
underground mine. Drill bolt holes into roofs at
specified distances from ribs or adjacent bolts.
Forces bolts into holes, using hydraulic
mechanisms of self-propelled bolting machines.
Installs truss bolts traversing entire ceiling
spans. Positions bolting machines, and insert
drill bits into chucks. Positions safety jacks to
support underground mine roofs until bolts can
be installed. Removes drill bits from chucks
after drilling holes, then inserts bolts into
chucks. Rotates chucks to turn bolts and open
expansion heads against rock formations.
Tests bolts for specified tension, using torque
wrenches. Tightens ends of anchored truss
bolts, using turnbuckles.
7111.49 Mine Cutting and Channeling
Machine Operator operates machinery--such
as longwall shears, plows, and cutting
machines--to cut or channel along the face or
seams of coal mines, stone quarries, or other
mining surfaces to facilitate blasting,
separating, or removing minerals or materials
from mines or from the earth's surface. Cuts
slots along working faces of coal, salt, or
other non-metal deposits in order to facilitate
blasting, by moving levers to start the
machine and to control the vertical
reciprocating drills. Determines locations,
boundaries, and depths of holes or channels
to be cut. Drives mobile, truck-mounted, or
track-mounted drilling or cutting machine in
mines and quarries or on construction sites.
Moves controls to start and position drill
cutters or torches, and to advance tools into
mines or quarry faces in order to complete
horizontal or vertical cuts. Moves planer
levers to control and adjust the movement of
equipment, the speed, height, and depth of
cuts, and to rotate swivel cutting booms.
Observes indicator lights and gauges, and
listen to machine operation in order to detect
binding or stoppage of tools or other
equipment problems. Repositions machines
and move controls in order to make
additional holes or cuts. Signals that machine
plow blades are properly positioned, using
electronic buzzers or two-way radios.
Charges and sets off explosives in blasting
7111.50 Timber man, Mines; Timber
Mistry, Propping Mistry examines roof and
side walls of haulage-ways, air passages,
shafts, galleries, etc. inside mine and erects
timber or steel props frames etc. to support
them. Collects material near work site and
examines roof and sidewalls of haulageways, air passages, shafts, galleries etc. inside
mine. Takes measurements off from floor to
roof to decide height of prop required. Cuts
props and logs to required length. Erects
props on secure foundation and tightens them
against roof using rectangular blocks. Installs
ladders, chutes, cribs and other frame work to
support roof and walls using saw, axes,
hatchet, hammer, spikes and wedges as
necessary. Ensures removal of woodcuttings
from work place. May also drill holes in roof
and walls for timbering purposes and drive
roof bolts. May remo ve or replace defective
7111.55 Creeperman Colliery;Creeper
Khalasi operates creeper (endless link chain
with catchers or conveyors) for raising coal
tubs on surface to higher level. Sets up link
chain with conveyor at surface or from working
face in mine. Joints conveyor sections on
frames and connects power unit or switches on.
Regulates conveyor or link chain tension by
operating controls. Tends chain to transport
coal or metal ore. Cleans, lubricates and makes
minor repairs to conveyor and power unit as
required. May supervise Loaders who shovel
material into conveyor.
May operate
mechanical scoop to lift material on to
conveyor. May keep conveyor track free from
obstruction to prevent jamming and damage.
7111.60 Stowing Mistry; Boxing Mistry
erects props and barricades of bamboo mattings
and hessian cloth around coal depillaring
areas for compactly filling them with sand, to
prevent caving in and collapsing of roof.
Examines area around coal pillar to erect roof
support. Collects materials such as props,
barricades to bamboo mattings, hessian cloth,
etc. Cuts them to required sizes and erects
them to support roof. Couples up sand stowing
pipes and signals to sand mixing chamber on
surface to release flushing of sand and water.
Observes sand filling operation till vacuum is
tightly packed to roof face and rendered safe
from collapsing.
Signals to surface sand
chamber to stop release of slurry (mixture of
sand and water) when filling is complete. May
build stonewall packs to support roof. May
recover supports.
7111.65 Packer, Rock packs waste rocks
compactly against roof after extracting
operations in mines to prevent it from
collapsing. Sorts waste rock from broken ore
manually and packs them tightly against roof in
drives, iron-cuts or in stopes ( working places)
to prevent collapse and loosening of hanging
and broken ores. May assist Mucker in copper
7111.68 Sampler, Mining marks metal bearing
rock faces for cutting
measures sample section, chis els out minerals
sample from grooves and marks them for
analysis. Determines and marks sample section
according to rock surface and grades of
mineralisation for groove cutting. Examines
grooves cut by groove cutter along mineral
bearing rock faces and gets defective cutting recut by groove cutter along mineral bearing rock
faces and gets defective cutting re-cut by
groove cutter. Checks groove distances from
fixed points using ladder and rope. Cuts
samples from grooves and different section of
mine to obtain representative samples. Bags
and marks sample with details of location and
sends them to laboratory for analysis .May
estimate quantity and grades of deposit
contained in marked position by taking
necessary measurements .May plot location
of samples taken from working faces on mine
7111.70 Groove Cutter, Mining cuts groove
of specified dimensions along marks made by
sampler for extracting sample from metal
bearing rock faces in mine. Marks grooves
along mineralised portion of rock face and
cuts grooves by chipping defective portion if
necessary. Assists sampler in cutting samples.
May scrub and wash grooves.
7111.72 Bratticeman; Brattice Mistry
installs partitions in mine for regulating
circulation of air through passages to working
places. Cuts timber props to required size
erects them along gallery at required place
and fixes brattices (made from bamboo
matting, canvas or mild steel plate) on them.
May also undertake other kind of timberwork
underground. May also erect masonry
structure to control proper circulation of air.
7111.74 Driller, Hand makes shot holes of
required depth in coal, metallic and nonmetallic rock-faces using crowbar, drill rods
and hammer. Examines marking for drilling
on rock face. Sets crowbar against marking
and gets it struck with heavy hammer by his
co-worker, each taking his turn with hammer,
uses water while drilling to cool drill rod and
keep down dust, till hole of required depth is
made. Cleans shot hole for charging with
explosive. May drill shot hole using drilling
machine. May drill hole singly using hand
hammer and crowbar.
7111.75 Shaft
Mistry maintains cages,
pulleys, winding gears, etc. and ensures
compliance of regulations for working of
hoisting system. Examines shafts and shaft
fittings, guide ropes, pulleys, cages, etc. for
efficient performance. Checks safety-hooks,
safety plate, governor, fencing, brakes,
signal, banking lever, head gear, pulleys etc.
to ensure smooth working of shaft. Locates
faults and undertakes minor repairs and
replacements of defective parts as necessary
and maintains their records. May perform
other fitting operations of general nature.
7111.76 Banksman; Ringer Bell; Ringer
controls movement cage at shaft top and directs
Winding Engine Driver and Onsetter for its
rais ing and lowering with men or material by
electrical or mechanical code signal system.
Adjusts catch inside cage and closes cage
fencing for securing safety of men or material.
Signals to Onsetter and Winding Engine Driver
by means of electrical buzzer or bell system for
lowering and raising cage to transport men and
materials at various levels.
movement of cage and sets keps (Bearing up
stops for supporting cage or load at beginning
or end of hoisting in shaft) by operating hand
lever to rest or release cage from keps. Opens
cage fencing and unloads contents. Checks
fencing, keps, cage-doors, guide shoes, chains,
signal and reports irregularities to superiors.
May be designated as ONSETTER if engaged
at shaft bottom and as BELLMAN or
SIGNALMAN, MINES if engaged, at winze
(shaft sunk from one level to another in mine)
or at landing.
7111.77 Jack Man; Cage Man, Mine gives
signals for movement of cages used to raise and
lower men, car and supplies between various
levels and surface of mines and load and
unload materials Directs movement of cage by
signaling to banks man or hoist Driver by
means of electric bell or buzzer system. Runs
loaded car to position near shaft and pushes
them on to cage. Pulls empty cars from cage
and runs them on to station siding for
distribution in mines .May pull loaded cars of
cage and replace them with empties.
7111.78 Scraper Driver, Mines; Scraper
Hoistman; Scraper Loader Operator
operates electric or compressed air scraper
machine or collect and deposit blasted rocks.
Moves scraper into working place and sets it up
securely on timber foundation. Sets snatch
blocks (pulleys over which scraper cables run
to change direction) and anchors them firmly
to some post or side wall. Makes power
connections and starts hoists. Manipulates
levers according to signal to operate cables to
hoist or lower scraper hoc and drag scraper
along track to collect loose one or rock and
dump them at specified place or into chute or
car beneath. Reverses hoists, drags scraper
back for another load and repeats process.
Moves machine from place to place in mine
for operation as required. Repairs or replaces
broken ropes, lubricates pulleys and performs
minor running repairs to hoist and equipment.
May work as Mining Sirdar, if experienced
and qualified, when required.
7111.80 Shovel Operator, Mines, Shovel
Driver; Rock Shovel Driver; Mechanical
Shovel Operator operates pneumatic or
electric shovel to load mine cars or tubs with
wastes or mineral rocks blasted inside mine.
Checks performance and safety points of
shoveling equipment. Moves it to working
place and advances it into pile of coal, ore or
rock to be loaded for removal. Switches on
and starts machine. Manipulates sets of hand
levers and foot pedals to force shovel into
pile, lift it and dump contents into cars or
tubs placed along side. Advances machine
into pile as digging progresses and repeats
operation to load material into car or tub.
Moves machine from place to place in mine
according to requirement of work.
Lubricates, adjusts, and makes minor running
repairs to machines as required. May mix
rocks of different sizes or wet or dry ores to
prevent jamming of crusher machine.
7111.85 Trammer (Mines) Trampusher,
Trollyman pushes loaded and empty mine
cars on track to specified places in mine or
quarry with or without haulage engines. Sets
track points and controls movement of cars or
tubes using sprags (timber props or short
pieces of wood, used to prevent wheels of
train from revolving while pushing onward.
Adjusts stop block and runway switches in
track for taking safety measures May load ore
or rock into cars at working faces .Is
designated as SURFACE TRAMMER if
working on surface and UNDERGROUND
TRAMMER if engaged in underground
work .
7111.90 Mines and Quarrymen and
Related Workers, Other include all other
workers engaged in mining, quarrying, well
drilling and related activities, not elsewhere
detonate explosives to fragment or dislodge
coal, ores, rock or other solid minerals in mines
or quarries, or to clear building sites and similar
7112.10 Shot Firer; Blaster; Dynamite Man
conducts blasting operations in mines and
quarries by charging drilled holes with requisite
amount of explosives. Examines holes and
areas to be blasted. Ensures that shot holes are
properly drilled and cleaned before charging.
Determines quantity and type of explosive to be
used; loads shot hole with cartridges of
explosive. Stems hole with clay, sand or other
suitable stemming to prevent shot from
blowing out. Signals Shot Firer Operative
nearby to take safety measures. Couples fuse
or cable to detonator lead. Splits end of fuses
with knife or connects cable to electric
exploder. Lights fuse or operates key of
exploder to ignite explosive. Follows signal
and restrains entry of workers at place of
explosion before exploding and until
atmosphere in area is free from dust, smoke or
fumes. Directs Stone Duster to spread stone
dust over roof floor and sides of roadways for
suppressing coal dust explosives.
prescribed precautions in case of misfire.
Maintains logbook for recording quantity of
explosive used, number of shots fired and
misfired, if any. May drill shot holes in
quarries and mines using pneumatic or hand
7112.90 Shot Firers and Blasters, other
perform variety of routine and low skilled tasks
such as carrying explosive, detonator and fuses
holding light or torch for Shot Firer cleaning
holes and danger areas, conveying messages of
accident and misfire, picking shot holes with
explosives, preparing clay balls, cleaning and
dressing loose stuff etc. and may be designated
Explosive Carriers carries explosive in rocked
Short Fire Helper; Blaster Helper assists shot
Fire in charging holes and guarding place of
work etc. Stone Duster spreads stone dust over
roof, floor and sides of roadways for
suppressing coal dust explosions.
Shot firers and blasters determine location
and force of explosions required, charge and
Stone splitters, cutters and carvers break
quarried stone in to slabs or blocks, or by
using hand or hand powered tools cut, shape
and finish stone for building, ornamental,
monumental or other purposes.
7113.10 Stone Sawyer, Hand saws large
rough blocks of building or monumental lime
stone, marble, granite, sandstone etc. into
slabs or small blocks with hand saw. Places
and adjusts block of stone in working
position and marks out line for cutting.
Sprinkles water and hard sand or other
abrasive on it to facilitate sawing. Holds one
end of saw with both hands on marked line
over stone block exerting sufficient pressure
to make incision on marked line and
continues operation, sprinkling water and
abrasive as required till stone it sawed. May
roughly size and directs helper to hold other
end of saw. Cuts stone block carefully by
stone block before marking and sawing.
7113.20 Stone Cutter, Hand cuts and shapes
building and monumental stone from rough
blocks or slabs of granite, marble etc. using
pneumatic and hand tools. Places rough
stone blocks or slabs in working position with
aid of crane, hoist or other means. Marks out
dimensional lines for cutting according to
specifications. Cuts block to required size,
shape and other specifications by drilling,
chipping, splitting and chiselling stone with
pneumatic and hand tools. Checks size and
shape frequently to ensure accuracy and
prevent deep cutting.
7113.30 Stone Dresser, Hand chips and
chisels stone to required size and shape and
joins surface using hand tools. Examines and
selects blocks of granite, marble or other
stone according to prescribed specifications.
Places it in working position, measures it
with measuring instruments such as scale,
caliper-compass, etc.
and marks it out
according to specification for cutting. Chips
off unwanted portion, sprinkles water over
stone to serve as coolant and gradually
finishes it to required size and shape. Checks
size and shape frequently while chipping.
May cut decorative designs on stone surfaces.
May drill holes in stone if required.
7113.40 Stone Carver carves out figures,
letters and artistic designs on stone blocks,
slabs or pillars to be erected or laid for
construction of buildings, temples, monuments
etc., using hand tools.
Studies drawings,
designs, models, nature of carving and artistic
features to be carved on stone.
appropriate stone such as granite, green stone,
soap stone, marble, etc. as required. Places
stone in working position and lays out figures,
designs, artistic features etc. on surface of stone
with chalk, pencil or ochre solution by freehand
sketching with drawing instruments and tracing
papers or by taking measurements from model.
Applies thin layer of oil, if using granite stone
and carves out roughly along outline using
hand hammer and chisel of different shapes and
sizes. Files rough surfaces and brushes off dust
as necessary while working. Sprinkles water
on rough carving if working on stone other than
granite and continues carving using small
hammer and fine chisels. Drills holes with
hand drill, as designed, using water as lubricant
and smoothens object to desired finish by
rubbing with stones. Checks work frequently
against sketch or model while carving to ensure
accuracy. May cut deep slits using saw blades.
May carve out letters and figures and inlay
them with lead or stone of different colours.
May first make clay model of carving to be
7113.50 Stone Polisher, Hand; Stone
Finisher polishes and finishes surface of stone
by rubbing it evenly with block of stone or
other abrasives.
Places stone in working
position on floor or working bench with aid of
helpers, hoist or crane. Sprinkles water and
chambal sand on surface of stone and rubs it
with different kinds and grades of powder
pumice or other abrasives, pours water
frequently on surface thoroughly with water to
remove abrasives. Rubs surface of stone with
polishing powder and cloth pad after primary
rubbing to obtain lustrous finish.
specialise in polishing particular kind of stone,
such as marble or granite and be designated
May use portable polishing
7113.90 Stone Splitters, Cutters and
Carvers, other include those stone splitters,
cutter and carvers not elsewhere classified.
CARVERS, n.e.c.
This Family covers workers not classified in
Group 711, Miners, shot firers, stonecutters
and carvers. Workers in this Family separate,
dress, screen and make leaves of mica;
operate power driven crushing machines,
stamp mills, coal washing plant, etc.; tend
cyanide tanks, and precipitators for
recovering silver, gold and such other metals
and perform other functions related to
mineral treating.
7119.10 Safety Lamp Checker checks locks
and air leakages of miners safety lamps and
searches persons against carrying any igniting
material before going underground .Checks
miners safety lamps at pithead by blowing
them with compressed air jet to ensure that
they are properly locked and there is no
leakage .Searches persons going underground
against carrying any contrabands .May keep
count of number of men underground by
checking number of lamps issued and
checked .
7119.20 Cobber, Mica; Rifter, Mica;
Shearer, Mica separates waste rock and
inferior quality mica from crude mica pieces
by hand or with knife. Removes waste rock
from crude mica pieces by manually splitting
into layers with hand or knife. Examines
mica blocks visually for damages, stains etc.
and removes defects by chipping them out
with knife. May dress mica blocks with
sickle to remove impurities and inferior mica.
7119.30 Sickle Dresser, Mica; Cutter, Mica
dresses cobbed mica blocks by chipping out
broken and damaged portions with sickle for
further processing. Examines mica blocks
visually to detect defects, stains, etc. and
determines damaged and broken portions to
be dressed.
Rifts defective layers, if
necessary, and dresses it to different sizes by
chipping out broken and damaged portions
with sickle. May do knife dressing and
grading of mica blocks.
7119.40 Screener, Mica screens out loose
split mica to desired sizes using rope-meshscreen. Positions screen in inclined position.
Drops loose split mica leaves at upper end of
screen and shakes it with attached rope to allow
small sized leaves to drop through screen holes
and to get larger sized leaves collected at its
foot. Removes large sized mica leaves from
screen frame for further processing or packing.
7119.50 Knife Dresser, Mica dresses sickle
dressed mica blocks by slicing broken or
damaged edges with knife. Weighs sickle
dressed mica blocks. Examines them visually
to detect stains, damages, etc. Dresses out
blocks of desired sizes by slicing damaged
edges with knife, ensuring minimum possible
Weighs dressed mica blocks to
determine amount of resulting wastage. May
sort and grade dressed mica blocks.
7119.60 Film Splitter, Mica; Condenser,
Mica splits dressed and graded mica blocks
into films of desired thickness by hand or using
double edged knife.
Examines blocks to
determine uniformity of dressing and resplits
them if necessary by hand or knife into films of
desired uniform thickness. Measures thickness
of films with micrometer and sorts them into
pliers according to thickness. Cuts films to
specified shape and measures area with gauges
to ensure conformity with specification. May
be designated as Loose Splitter if engaged in
splitting up loose mica blocks into leaves by
hand and as Book Form Splitter if engaged in
splitting graded mica blocks with double-edged
7119.70 Deep Cell Attendant; Flotation Man
controls floatation process in concentration
plant to recover copper from pulp(pulverized
ore mixed with water). Measures density and
alkalinity of pulp using meters and indicators to
ensure proper floatation. Regulates airflow into
concentration plant to agitate pulp and
regulates water supply into cells as guided.
Records data of pulp density, reagent feed,
alkalinity, airflow etc. and submits them to
appropriate authority.
Building frame and related workers construct,
maintain and repair foundations, walls and
other main parts of buildings and other
constructions, both internally and externally.
Builders, traditional materials erect, maintain
and repair small and large buildings and other
structures by using traditional building
techniques and materials such as bamboo,
hay, straw, reeds, mud, planks, poles or
7121.10 Hut Maker; Cottage Maker;
Shanty Maker erects huts, cabin or similar
dwellings with wooden planks poles, logs,
bamboos, hay, straw, reeds, dry leaves, etc.,
collects necessary materials required for
construction. Measures ground using pegs
and ropes and marks outline of hut by
digging earth along lines. Digs earth at
marked points using spade, showel etc. and
fixes bamboo or wooden posts securely in
pits to serve as supports and pillars. Places
poles horizontally on top of pillars and ties
ends with strings or ropes. Fixes rafters to
roof of hut in slanting position to set hay
straw or leaf as roofing material. Covers
sides of structure with straw, hay and plans of
coconut, mango trees, or others allowing
space for doors and windows. Places rafters
as required to secure and strengthen structure.
Levels floor by ramming it with mixture of
paste of mud, water and straw dust, using
hand ramming wooden blocks and makes it
smooth and habitable. May thatch huts. May
set tiles for roofing huts.
7121.20 Thatcher constructs roofs of huts
and cottages from straw rashes, reeds or dry
palm leaves using shears or trimming knife.
Collects straw, dry leaves, reeds and
bamboos of required length. Spreads leaves,
grass or reed as roofing material over rafters
or bamboos frame and securely ties them
with twin rope as required. Covers openings
with extra straw or leaf to make it waterproof.
Trims edges uniformly to make sides look
even. Places thatched frame over roof of hut
with assistance of others and positions it
securely by fastening it with rafters and
beams. May construct straw huts and small
dwellings. May do rethatching of cottage and
hut roofs.
7121.90 Builders, Traditional Materials,
other include all those workers who erect,
maintain and repair small and large buildings
and other structures by using traditional
building techniques and materials such as
bamboo, hay, straw, reeds, mud, planks, poles
or leaves not elsewhere classified.
Bricklayerers and stone masons erect and repair
foundations, walls and structures of brick, stone
and similar materials.
7122.10 Stone Mason; Stone Setter; Stone
Fixer builds stone walls, pillers and other
structures by sizing and setting dressed or
undressed stones.
Receives instructions
regarding nature and type of work to be done.
Cuts stones to required size prior to setting by
chipping with chisel and other cutting tools and
gets them dressed or dresses them if necessary.
Gets mortar prepared by labourers and spreads
it with trowel bit by bit over area where stones
are to be fixed. Fixes stones manually one by
one in position and sets them by tapping with
Checks vertical and horizontal
alignments of set stones with plumb bob,
ensures correct setting by alterations if
necessary and fills in gaps in between stone
slabs with stone chips and mortar. Removes
excess mortar with trowel to smoothen joints
and stones to raise structure as required. May
dismantle masonry and reset girders if
necessary. May do plastering, repairing and
ornamental work. May lay stones on levelled
ground to construct floors pavements, streets,
etc. May erect scaffolding for construction
7122.20 Bricklayer, Construction; Brick
Mason lays brick with mortar, and other
construction material to construct and repair
building-walls, arches, chimneys, floors, pillars
and other structures. Receives instructions
regarding nature and type of work to be done.
Directs Labourers to prepare mortar in required
proportions and water bricks. Spreads mortar
by trowel over foundation or laid bricks and
lays bricks by hand in horizontal rows or
designs and shapes per approved specification.
Taps bricks with trowel to embed them firmly
in mortar and ensures correct vertical and
horizontal alignment of brick setting by sight or
with string and plumb bob. Closes gaps in
between bricks by filling with half bricks and
mortar and by tapping with trowel. Fixes
wooden frames, lay lime concrete over roofing
and sets girders in position. May dismantle
masonry for reconstruction or facility of
work. May do plastering, decoration pointing
and repair work. May erect scaffolding.
7122.30 Bricklayer, Refractory builds and
repairs furnaces, ovens, kilns, fireboxes, fire
places and other high temperature structures
by laying and setting firebricks and refractory
blocks, using chemical heat resistant cement,
fireclay, mortar etc. with hand tools.
Receives instructions from appropriate
authority regarding nature and type of work
to be done. Spreads minimum possible
fireclay mortar evenly over furnace with
trowel and lays and taps fire bricks or
refractory blocks in position in correct
alignment according to specification. Seals
joints with fireclay mortar or chemically
resistant cement to bind bricks together
making provision for expansion of joints in
furnace in linings. Prepares support to proper
curvature to replace arched roofs of furnaces
or to construct new ones as directed or
specified. Patches portions of furnaces with
fireclay, as necessary and removes excess of
mortar. May specialise in building and
repairing particular type of high temperature
construction. May replace linings of ladles or
tapping sports of furnaces.
May build
newsmoke tunnels.
7122.40 Pavior lays bricks and stone on
levelled ground to make floors, pavements,
streets etc. Receives instructions regarding
type of pavement, floor or street to be laid
and other specifications and collects materials
required. Directs Labourers to level surface
for laying bricks and stones for required
construction. Lays stone slabs or bricks in
line on levelled ground, by sizing them if
necessary with brick hammer and trowel and
tapes them to get set firmly in position.
Checks alignment while laying using straight
edge and spirit level and fills gaps in between
with chips, bricks bits, cement etc.; May do
prestressed and R.C. (reinforced concrete)
7122.50 Tar Mistry; Bitumin Mistry
supervises and guides laying of asphalt
(complex mixture of hydrocarbons) or other
bituminous (Infla mmable mineral substance)
material over roads, roofs etc. for surfacing
and water-proofing. Gets drums filled with
asphalt and other bituminous material heated
on fire and ensures proper melting and
mixing of contents. Directs workers to place
"templates" (Pattern of wood, iron etc. used as
guide for levelling) on road or roof for proper
laying and setting of asphalt and other material.
Puts on thin padding or rubber gloves to protect
himself from burns, guides pouring of molten
material or base and spreads it uniformly over
set area with mop brush or other device.
Ensures uniformity and even spreading of tar or
bituminous materials on surface and applies
subsequent coating if needed. Lays tar over
angles and corners with special care and directs
workers to apply sealing coat (spreading of
gravel or sand over tar coating). Removes
template and allows laid material to dry in sun
before use.
Is designated as BITUMIN
SPRAYER if engaged in spraying hot liquid
bitumen on road surface with spray gun
connected with supply hose to tar heating tank.
May use special thermometer to ensure
required temperature of molten tar.
7122.90 Brick Layers, Stone Masons and
Tile Setters, Other include all other workers
engaged in brick laying, tile setting, stone
masonry and like tasks, not elsewhere
Concrete placers, concrete finishers and related
workers erect reinforced concrete frameworks
and structures, make forms for moulding
concrete, reinforce concrete surfaces, cement
openings in walls or casings for wells, finish
and repair cement surfaces and carry out
terrazzo work.
7123.10 Concrete Moulder; Cement Block
Moulder moulds and finishes cement concrete
blocks of various shapes and sizes such as sills,
beams, railing, flower vases and other
construction and decoration articles. Examines
drawings and other specifications and draws
approximate estimates of material required.
Selects wooden mould of required size and
pattern. Mixes cement, sand, lime etc. and
prepares cement concrete mortar by adding
requisite quantity of water to them. Places and
fixes required number of sized iron rods into
mould and pours cement concrete mortar into
it. Rams concrete with iron rods to make it
compact. Levels surface of mould by filling
with concrete and smoothens it with trovel and
wooden smootheners. Allows concrete to settle
for specified period in mould for hardening.
Removes shuttering, soaks it in water for
curing and gets it dried in shades. May cut
artistic designs on cast material before it gets
7123.20 Cement Finisher finishes surfaces
of concrete structures and smooths surfaces
of freshly poured concrete sections. Cuts
ridges, bumps and projecting wire from
concrete surface with chisel and hammer.
Patches holes and broken corners by wetting
them, spreading mortar into them and
smoothing surface with trowel or float.
Removes blemishes from and smooths
surface by wetting or applying liquid mixture
of sand, cement and water and rubbing with
abrasive black. Finishes surface by wiping it
with damp brush. Levels, smooths and
shapes surfaces of freshly poured concrete
sections with straight edge and float for fine
finish and edging tool to shape corners. May
specialise in particular type of concrete
7123.90 Concrete Placers, Concrete
Finishers and Related Workers, other
include all other workers who erect
structures, make forms for moulding
concrete, reinforce concrete surfaces, cement
openings in walls or casings for wells, finish
and repair cement surfaces and carry out
terrazzo work not elsewhere classified.
Carpenters and joiners cut, shape, assemble,
erect, maintain and repair various types of
wooden structures and fittings.
7124.10 Carpenter,
assembles, alters and repairs wooden
structures and articles according to sample or
drawing using hand or power tools or both.
Studies drawing on sample to understand
type of structure or article to be made and
calculates quantity of timber required.
Selects timber to suit requirements. Marks
them to size using square, scribber etc. Saws,
chisels and planes wooden pieces to required
sizes and makes necessary joints such as half
lap, tenonmortice, dove-tail etc. using saws,
planes, mortising, chisels, drills and other
carpentry hand or power tools as required.
Checks parts frequently with square, foot rule,
measuring tape etc. to ensure correctness.
Assembles parts and secures them in position
by screwing, nailing or doweling. Checks
assembled structure with drawing or sample;
rectifies defects if any, and finishes it to
required specifications.
Alters, repairs or
replaces components in case of old structures or
articles in similar manner.
May glue parts
together. May smoothen and finish surface
with sand paper and polish. May fix metal
fittings to structure and polish. May fix metal
fittings to structure or article made. May
calculate cost of furniture. May sharpen his
own tools.
7124.20 Carpenter, Construction; Carpenter
Building makes, assembles, alters and repairs
doors, windows, frames and other wooden
fixtures of building using hand or power tools
or both. Studies drawings or samples and
calculates quantity of timber required. Saws
over size pieces by power or hand tools or
collects lumbers for making various
components. Plans two sides of above pieces,
marks off dimensions using tri-square, scribber,
pencil etc., and reduces them to required sizes
by adzing, sawing and planning. Marks off
different members, cuts them as required and
shapes and makes tenon and mortise, half lap
and other joints by sawing, planing, chiselling,
drilling and filling. Checks pieces frequently
while sizing and shaping to ensure correctness.
Assembles framework step by step by gluing,
cramping, dowelling, nailing and screwing as
Examines finished article for
accuracy. Fits metal rods, hinges etc., to wood
work where necessary and rectifies defects in
fittings if any. Sharpens his own tools. May
erect scaffoldings if necessary.
7124.25 Carpenter, Structural builds, erects
and repairs wooden structures such as building
frames, stage and studio fixtures, roofs, walls,
wooden shingles etc., using hand or power
tools or both. Studies drawing or sample or
receives instructions regarding structure to be
built and calculates quantity of timber required.
Selects required type of timber and marks them
for dimension using measuring tape, square,
pencil, etc. Sizes different parts from oversize
pieces by sawing, adzing and planing using
power or hand tools. Makes necessary joints
such as tenon and mortise, scraf, half-lap etc.,
for joining different members. Checks pieces
with square, measuring tape, foot rule etc., to
ensure correctness. Assembles different parts
or panels step by step to form complete
structure. Sharpens his own tools. May
carve designs and polish structures.
7124.30 Carpenter, Village makes and
repairs country ploughs, carts, doors,
windows, fra mes and such other agricultural
and domestic articles by simple carpentry
processes using hand tools. Studies sample
and selects required type of timber and other
materials. Cuts oversize pieces, as required
by sawing, adzing, chiselling and planing.
Marks with pencil, marking gauge or line and
reel. Shapes different pieces and makes
necessary joints by planing, drilling,
chiselling etc. Assembles them part by part
by nailing dowelling or screwing as
necessary. Fits metal tyres to sheels, blades
to ploughs, hinges and hasps and staples to
doors etc., and ensures their proper
functioning. Sharpens his own tools. May fit
wooden wedges to tighten joints.
perform simple blacksmithy tasks.
7124.35 Joiner, Wood joins and assembles
prefabricated wooden-plank boards, buildingfixtures, etc. using hand or power tools or
Collects prefabricated planks of
required sizes. Joins required number of
planks with double ended nails to form sides
of structure. Assembles framework step by
step by nailing or screwing. Sharpens his
own tools. May fit strengthening band or
mild steel hoop by nailing or screwing for
strengthening boxes and cases, if necessary.
May make crate for packing.
May be
designated as WOODEN BOX MAKER;
engaged in making wooden boxes or packing
cases of specified dimensions.
7124.40 Loftsman, Ship Building develops
full size measurements from drawings to
prepare templates for manufacture of shell
plates and other parts of ship. Studies
drawings, considers elevation and draws full
scale drawings with chalk on scrieve board
measurements are marked to enable drawing
of shell, shell plate, margin plate etc. for ship,
to develop full scale templates to be
prepared) for making temp lates. Draws full
size lines of ship body on scrieve board,
ensures that plans of drawings of adjacent
components agree and fit accurately and
draws them to full scale on it using scale
contours, chalks etc. Instructs Carpenter in
preparation of templates according to
dimensions drawn on scrieve board and marks
instructions on them with ink for guidance of
fabrication section.
Issues templates to
concerned section, explains details of
measurements for fabrication of steel panels to
form various components of ship body and
receives them back after use. Stores templates
in prescribed place for further use and
maintains their account.
7124.45 Shipwright erects props and
temporary structures to stabilize and support
ship during, construction and repairs in shore.
Aligns ship structure according to designed
centre line and angle of declivity and plots and
marks reference points and lines on building
dock or way to maintain alignment of vessel
during construction or repairs, using transit,
plumb bob, tapes and levels. Builds keel
blocks, bilge blocks, cradles and shoring for
supporting slip in dry dock, building docks etc.
using power and hand wood-working tools.
Positions and secures blocking and other
structures on dock platform according to ship’s
blue-prints. Aligns vessel over blocks and
establishes reference points and lines on ship’s
hull for locating machinery and other
equipment in accordance with ship’s alignment
and shape. Fabricates and installs furring
pieces (timber strips of constant width but
varying depth), aprons, uprights and other
wood framing in ship according to
specifications and shapes and finishes them.
Nails or bolts metal fittings, plates and bulk
heads to wooden parts of ship using brace, drill
bits, augers, spanners etc. and ensures correct
alignment of hull, frame and fittings. Levels
ground ways, runners wooden blocks etc.,
erects props, fastens standing ways by wire
ropes, fits launching triggers and performs
related tasks to make up and prepare entire
launching ways to launch ship. Gets all
material and timber salvaged after launching
for use in subsequent operation.
7124.50 Lascar Stager, Ship Building erects
temporary wooden structures and scaffoldings
for placing staging planks inside and outside
ship under construction or repairs to facilitate
work. Erects steel or tubular uprights and
ledgers or cross bars for resting staging planks
as guided by Serang and keeps them secure
from strong winds and accidents. Assists
Shipwright, Wood as directed and dismantles
scaffoldings and other wooden structures to
arrange launching of ship. Is designated as
building and supervising erection and
removal of wooden structures and
scaffoldings and related tasks. May assist
Shipwright in aligning ship structure and
perform other tasks as guided.
7124.55 Carpenter, Ship alters, repairs and
maintains structural wood work and wooden
gears on board ship by various carpentry
processes such as sawing, planing, fitting,
railing etc. Examines nature of damages and
defects on board ship and builds flows, doors,
partitions etc. using saws, hammers braces
and other carpentry tools. Moves controls of
winch and windlass to raise or lower anchor.
Greases running gear and anchor windlass
and replaces defective chains or stanchious
on life-lines or guard rails. May sound water
tanks with tape and plum bob, compute
findings and maintain log book.
7124.60 Joiner, Ship; Burmadar constructs
and installs cabins, bridge shelters, steering
wheel, skylights, berths, guard rails etc. in
ship under construction or repairs. Receives
blue prints (drawings) and necessary
instructions for construction and studies
them. Obtains construction materials, wood
planks lumber (sawn wood of all description)
etc., as specified and measures and marks
them. Identifies different types of mooring
and steering gears and cuts, shapes,
smoothens and assembles wooden parts using
hand and power tools. Lays wooden decking
and linoleum and fixes light metal fittings,
port glasses etc., by cutting and grinding
them to size as required. May caulk seams of
wooden decks.
May do cold storage
installation work. May read drawing and
prepare simple sketches.
7124.65 Carpenter Mistry, Boat Building
designs boats and guides Carpenters, Boat
Building, Wood Sawyers, Hand etc. in
constructing them according to specifications.
Designs small boats and rafts; watches
construction of templates, ribs, planking etc.;
and guides construction at every stage of
checks; laying of keel, setting of templates,
fitting of ribs etc. and corrects them if
necessary. Checks broken ribs and prescribes
dimensions for fitting new ones. Examines
planks for ‘grains’, instructs carpenters to insert
small pegs where ‘knots’ are found and ensures
correct rivetting of planks on ribs. Draws
‘mould loft’ (full scale drawing) based on
design on platform and guides Carpenters in
engine, devit (side crane), winch and other
installations, shaft alignment, rudder fitting,
copper-sheet fitting, cabin fixture settings, etc.
on boats. May supervise workers in saw mill
attached to boat-building yard if required.
7124.70 Carpenter, Boat Building constructs
and repairs boats, launches dredgers, barges
etc. according to prescribed specifications by
various carpentry processes. Lays keel on
wooden fixtures and fits stem, stern and
templates as to keel with bolts and nuts. Places
cut planks on skeleton of boat to ascertain
suitability and remodels their shape, if required,
with hand tools. Seasons planks and ribs
(wooden reapers) either with steam in
masonary steam box (gutter) or by applying oil
over articles, heating them on fire and bending
them lightly with hand as required. Fixes
planks on templates with brass screws, nails
ribs on bull with copper nails and rivets planks
and ribs together as specified. Fits wooden
clamps, mounts and fixes stringers (thick
wooden planks) knee (wooden block between
wooden clamps and built joints inside hull) etc.
as required.
Removes templates from
completed boat. Bores holes over required part
of hull, fixes engine foundation, lowers engine
on foundation by chain block and secures it in
position with bolts and nuts.
propeller shaft alignment and bolts shaft to
engine coupling.
Hoists and fixes decks,
chains, mast, booms etc. on boat as per
requirements. Fits copper sheeting over outer
portion of hull with copper nails and fixes
rudder, rudder-shoe, exhaust pipe and such
other accessories on boat as specified.
Performs all wood work repairs to boats, larges
etc. under guidance of Carpenter Mistry, Boat
Building. May construct wooden accessories
for boats such as engine foundation, templates,
ribs etc.
7124.75 Caulker, Boat Building caulks seams
of deck, hull and keel of boat with caulking
material, using hand tools. Mixes caulking
materials such as caulking cotton and cakum in
coconut oil or pitch in castor oil. Makes
clearances with chisel on seams and plank
joints where required. Inserts caulking material
by hand and blunt chisel inside clearances
made and beats with hammer to push
caulking material lightly into them. Observes
caulked portions to ascertain defective
caulking and rectifies them by inserting
further layers of material, if necessary. Melts
rosin and vep oil in fire and strains and
mixers it (mixture) with required quantity of
quick-lime to make ‘Putty’. Applies putty
by hand over caulked portions on boat.
Examines and applies final touch as putty
where necessary. May prepare putty with
paint, chalk and linseed oil to apply it over
portions above water level and where copper
sheetings are not provided.
7124.80 Carpenter, Small Arms; Butt
Maker makes butt and fore-end of small
arms according to type of weapon, using
power and hand tools. Studies drawings or
sample and other specifications. Selects right
type of seas oned wood and marks it for
different dimensions. Saws, planes, drills
holes and makes slots, grooves etc. as
specified using power and hand tools,
frequently checking it with measuring
instruments to ensure desired accuracy. Fits
finished butt and fore-end to barrel ensuring
correct centre line, balance, weight etc. as
specified and smoothens it with sand paper to
required finish. May do ornamental, patching
and repair work. May fix metal fixtures to
butt and fore-end.
Operatives, other perform variety of routine
and low skilled tasks such as sawing,
cleaning, rough planning, drilling etc., and
may be designated as Carpenter Mate,
Carpenter Helper, Joiner Helper, etc.
This Family covers building frame and
related trades workers, not classified
elsewhere in Group 712, building frame and
related trades workers. For instance in this
Family those occupations should be classified
which involve miscellaneous construction
and building maintenance tasks.
7129.10 Well Digger digs wells to obtain
water and for constructing base for structural
columns and pillars. Examines earth to select
digging implements such as shovel, hammer,
etc. Locates area and marks outline on
ground. Digs pit by excavating earth with pick
axe and shovel and bails out excavated earth
using basket. Fixes tripoid structure over well
to facilitate digging and bailing out of mud
from depth and repeats process of digging and
excavating earth to required depth. Sets baked
earthen or prefabricated cement concrete rings
from water level upto surface in well to prevent
caving of surrounding soil into it. Raises
surface structure around well by securely
setting some more cement or earthen rings or
gets cover wall constructed around it upto
suitable height to prevent accidental fall into it.
May get brick wall gradually constructed and
sunk around total depth of dug earth in well,
particularly in areas having soft soil. May
pump out water through bucket or hand pump.
May blast rocks with dynamite.
7129.20 White Washer applies white or colour
wash in wall ceiling etc. using hand brush.
Studies colour scheme and estimates material
required. Selects lime or colour according to
specification and prepares colour or white lime
solution mixing it with water. Strains mixture
and visually tests its density and shade. Makes
end of washing brush soft and uniform.
Scrapes and cleans surface to be white washed
and washes wall or ceiling with lime or colour
using hand brush. Examines washing after
drying and applies second coat on defective
patches to make it look uniform. May do
minor plastering repairs.
7129.90 Building Frame and Related Trades
Workers, other include workers engaged in
building frame and related trades tasks not
elsewhere classified.
Building finishers and related trades workers
cover, apply or install, maintain and repair
roofs, floors, walls, insulation systems, glass in
windows or other frames, as well as plumbing,
piping and electrical systems in buildings and
other constructions.
Roofers cover, maintain and repair roof
frameworks with one or more kinds of
7131.10 Tile Layer, Roof lays and sets tiles
over rafters joining them with mortar to make
roofs of buildings. Measures location for
each row of tiles over rafters and estimates
quality and quantity of material required.
Marks guide lines with chalk. Discards
defective tiles and places good tiles in
position on buttons over rafters adjusting
them in grooves by hand as required and
cutting and shaping them wherever necessary
for proper setting and alignment. Inserts
nails or cement mortar in between tiles to fix
and make them water tight.
Fills gap
between tiles or covers exposed nails with
cement. Cleans surface of tiles using gunny
bag and water. Ensures proper setting of tiles
by observation and using alignment string
and wooden level. May replace broken tiles
and punch holes where required.
7131.90 Roofers, Other include all other
workers engaged in roofing buildings and
structures such as those setting and fixing
galvanized iron, asbestos sheets, or other
materials for roofing purposes, mending
leakages in them by repairs or replacements,
etc., not elsewhere classified.
7132 FLOOR
Floor layers and tile setters install, maintain
and repair parquet and other kinds of
flooring, or they cover floors, walls and other
surfaces with tiles or mosaic panels for
decorative or other purposes .
7132.10 Tile Setter; Tile Layer fits and sets
tiles to walls, floors and ceilings of buildings
according to specified design using cement or
other mortar and hand tools.
instructions regarding specifications, layout
and material to be used. Soaks tiles in water
to prepare them for setting. Applies mortar
or cement coat over wall with trowel and lays
tiles aligned in rows according to pattern.
Checks alignment of tiles laid with straight
edge, levelling hoard, spirit level etc., makes
adjustments if necessary and taps them with
trowel handle to get them set firmly.
Sprinkles dry cement over freshly laid
concrete for laying floor tiles and ensures
proper bond between cement and tiles while
laying. Cuts and shapes tiles for corner
pieces, fills gaps with cement as necessary
and ensures proper joining setting and
alignment. May erect scaffolding for setting
ceiling tiles.
7132.20 Concrete Mixer, Mosaic Tile makes
ready mix (mall) for making mosaic tiles by
mixing cement, marble chips and other
colouring ingredients in water.
requirements of customers and evolves colour
pattern scheme and shades. Measures required
quantity of cement, marble powder or chips and
colouring powder (oxides) and places them in
container. Adds prescribed quantity of water to
mixture. Mixes it uniformly using hand trowel
to make paste of required consistency. Places
ready mix (mall) near tile presser for making
mosaic tiles.
Checks whether mixture
conforms to required colour and shade by
making sample tile and alters proportion of
mixture to attain required colour combination if
necessary. May operate tile pressing machine.
7132.30 Tile Presser, Mosaic makes coloured
mosaic tiles for floor walls etc. according to
design. Places metal mould of required size on
table, cleans it with brush and applies linseed
oil on it surface. Fills mould manually with
prescribed quantity of cement mixture (mall)
containing marble chips or powder. Levels
mixture in mould using metal spreader. Sprays
dry (nead) cement powder over mixture for
absorbing moisture when pressed. Fills layer
of cement powder with wet mixture of cement
and sand and closes mould with metal lid or
cover. Places filled mould under hand or
hydraulic press and operates it by levers to
press mixture in mould to form tiles of required
shape. Removes pressed mould and dismantles
frame. Removes pressed title places it on racks
for drying before curing it in water and repeats
process. May repair hand or hydraulic presses.
7132.40 Planer, Mosaic Tile operates planing
machine to grind surface of mosaic tiles to
evenness and to expose marble chips to view.
Starts machine fitted with revolving circular
metal plate. Places tiles on revolving bed of
machine with smooth side of tiles facing metal
plate on entire area of circular bed. Fills tanks
placed above machine with water and sand and
opens them to allow water and sand to fall on
rotating bed in prescribed ratio. Watches tiles
getting ground by mixture of water and sand in
metal bed for prescribed period of time and
ensures required finish. Removes ground or
planed tiles from bed of machine and replaces
them with fresh tiles. Keeps place neat and
floor laying and tile setting, like tasks, not
elsewhere classified.
7132.50 Mosaic Layer; Terrazzo Layer
lays mosaic surface and floors according to
specified designs using stone chips cement
sand etc. and gives glossy finish to surface.
Examine drawings and pattern of mosaic
laying and estimates material required.
Selects material like stone chips of required
colour, cement, sand etc. and mixes them
together in water or takes up mosaic panels,
mosaic tiles, stones, ceramic, opaque
coloured glass and similar other material as
designed. Prepares ground by setting levels
and laying cement mixture or lime mortar to
required thickness. Allows cement floor to
set and dry. Rakes-out (clips off) cement
floor with trowel or otherwise to create
unevenness over surface and spreads coating
of mosaic plaster material over it. Levels and
smoothens it with trowel and wooden
smoothener and cures it with water for
specified period. Grinds surface with stones
to give glossy finish. Pour noadcement
(Mixture of cement and water) on surface for
grouting, lays mosaic tiles and panels on it
according to design, if necessary after sizing
them, levels them with wooden leveller to
ensure uniform height and fills gaps in
between them with cement of matching
colour if engaged in laying precast tiles and
panels. Ensures proper setting and cures laid
tiles and panel, sprinkling water as required.
Cleans surface by rubbing with polishing
machine or hand grinding stones and cleans it
with gunny bag. May apply finishing and
shining polish. May cut mosaic panels out of
bigger pieces.
7132.60 Parquetry Floor Layer lays all
kinds of ornamental parquetry floor designs
according to lay-outs furnished by Architect.
Studies design and shapes and finishes
required type of wood accordingly. Covers
sub-floor with building paper or other
material to protect wood from moisture.
Nails wood flooring according to design, if
necessary by further tooling to suit
dimensions. May secure floor to mastic or
asphalt base without using nails.
hammer narrow strips of wood into place on
asphalt-mastic base.
7132.90 Floor Layers and Tile Setters,
Other include all other workers engaged in
Plasterers install and repair laths and apply
plaster to walls and ceilings of buildings.
7133.10 Plasterer plasters walls, ceilings and
other surface of structures with cement, lime,
mud or other mortar using hand trowel, level
etc. Mixes sand, cement, lime brick powder
etc. in required proportion adding water to it to
prepare plastering mortar. Wets structure to be
plastered with water to ensure proper
adherence; spreads plaster with trowel to give
preliminary coating. Levels and smoothens
primary coat of plaster with straight edge,
shapes borders to guide second coating and
scratches surface of primary coat to provide
bond for subsequent coating. Plasters area to
be covered with primary coat and allows it to
set for sometime ensuring that it does not get
dry before final coating. Applies thin layer of
finish plastering coat over surface, makes out
corners and angles to suit it and smoothens
plastered area with straight edge and trowel.
Directs and supervises sprinkling of water for
curing during plastering and watches drying
and final outcome of surface. May undertake
ornamental plastering.
7133.90 Plasterers, other include workers who
install and repair laths and apply plaster to
walls and ceilings of buildings not elsewhere
Insulation workers apply and repair insulating
materials to buildings, boilers, pipes or
refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment.
7134.10 Building Insulator, Hand applies
slabs or bats (sheets) of insulating material,
such as cork or spun glass, to walls, floors and
ceilings in buildings. Examines drawings and
other specifications. Nails or wires bats of
insulating material, such as rock wood or spun
glass to interiors of walls, on altic roots and on
bottom of floors, or spreads hot asphalt on
surface and embeds courses of cork slabs in it,
or spreads cement mortar with trowel on slabs
and sticks them to surface. Nails slabs to walls
and ceilings for additional security. Saws slabs
to make them fit at ends of courses and around
outlets and fixtures. May construct interior
insulating walls by fixing courses of
compressed cork blocks one upon another
with cementing substance. May finish cork
surface of walls and ceilings with plaster or
spread concrete over floor slabs to form
wearing floor.
7134.20 Acoustical Insulator applies
adhesive sound absorbing material upon
ceilings and other surfaces with power driven
machine to reverberation of sound. Prepares
machine for operation by filling container
with insulating material. Starts machine and
directs hose nozzle towards surface to be
Applies insulating material to
surface in even layer of required thickness.
(Excluded are workers who fit acoustical
boards by hand to surfaces).
7134.30 Insulator, Boilers and Pipes
applies insulating material such as asbestos
mastic, cork, felt or mineral wool to exposed
hot or cold surfaces of equipment such as
boilers, pipes or tanks. Cleans surface of
object to be insulated. Binds heavy wires
around object and attaches small tie wires to
them. Applies base coating of asbestos
mastic or insulating cement to surface or
covers object with layer of insulating
material. Covers base or coating or layer
with wire netting to reinforce insulation.
Fastens netting in place with small tie wires.
Applies one or more coatings over wire
netting and smooths final coat with trowel.
May cover object with felt bound with wire
or with gauze covered with plaster of paris.
May cover insulated pipes, etc., with strips of
canvas or sacking. May paint or whitewash
insulating surface.
7134.40 Insulator, Rrefrigeration and Air
refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment
with various materials, such as cork or
asbestos, to retain desired temperature.
Shapes, trims and smooths insulating sheets
and blocks to cover and to fit parts of
equipment such as expansion chamber,
condenser and piping. Applies waterproof
cement to insulating material and surfaces of
members to be insulated and presses them
together. Secures insulating material with
wire and wire netting. Applies one or more
layers of asbestos plaster over wire netting
with trowel. Packs walls or partly assembled
casing with sheets or loose particles of
insulating material.
May apply insulating
material to hot or cold air ducts and pipes.
7134.90 Insulators, other include all other
workers engaged in various tasks in insulating
plants, buildings and equipment, not elsewhere
Glaziers cut, fit and set glass in windows,
doors, shop fronts and other frames.
7135.10 Glazier; Glass Fitter; Glass Setter
(Construction) cuts glass panes or plates to
required size and shape and sets them into
doors, windows, skylights, show-cases,
partition of buildings etc. using hand tools.
Measures frame where glass is to be fixed and
selects required type of glass sheet. Marks
glass according to measurements, cuts it along
markings and smoothens edges using hand
Mixes chemical ingredients in set
proportions to prepare putty for fixing glass.
Cleans frame in which glass pane is to be fixed
and secures it in frame with nails, metal spring
or spring clips. Applies putty evenly on edges
firmly to secure glass pane on frame and
smoothens with blunt knife or otherwise to
ensure desired finish. May fix glass in metal
frames by providing rubber lining.
7135.20 Glazier, Vehicle cuts ordinary and
pressurised glass or moulded cellulose acetate
to correct size and fits them in frame of
windows, wind-shields, and doors of
automobiles, aircrafts, railways and tram
coaches etc. edging them with rubber or leather
packing. Measures size of door, window,
wind-shield frame etc. where glass is to be
fixed. Selects appropriate type of glass, cuts it
with cutting tool according to requirements and
smoothens edges with hand grinder. Heats
pressurised and shatter proof glass panels along
marked line and breaks it by pressing with
hands to required size.
Fixes channeling
rubber, rubber-lining or leather around edges of
glass and sets and secures glass firmly in
groove. Oils locks and sets locking chain
device while fixing glass panels in automobile
doors and ensures their easy raising and
lowering operations.
Checks and ensures
proper setting and fixing of glass by tapping it
with hand to feel resistance to wind vibrations
produced in running vehicles. May polish
7135.30 Picture Framer; Photo Framer
cuts glass, frame pieces and cardboard to
required size and mounts pictures and photos
in frame. Measures size of pictures and cuts
frame pieces to required size. Cuts joints at
ends of wooden frame pieces and fastens
them together with nails to make frame.
Places glass sheet on working bench and
marks outlines according to required
measurements. Cuts glass along marking
with cutting tool and smoothens its edges.
Cuts plywood and cardboard pieces to size
using hand saw and scissors. Fixes Glass in
frame, puts picture facing glass over it and
places cardboard and plywood on reverse of
picture. Drives small nails suitably on rear of
frame to hold mounted picture compact and
secure glues plain or decorative paper at
back; fixes hook on frame to facilitate
Is designated as MIRROR
FRAMER if specialised or engaged in
framing mirrors. May use only cardboard on
reverse side for mounting ordinary pictures.
May polish or varnish picture and mirror
frames. May grind glass edges by grinding
7135.90 Glaziers, other include all other
workers engaged in different tasks, glazing
operations in vehicles, buildings and other
structures, not elsewhere classified.
Plumbers and pipe fitters assemble, fit, install
and repair plumbing fixtures, or pipes and
pipeline systems.
7136.10 Plumber, General lays out,
assembles, installs and maintains sanitary
fittings and fixtures, sewage and drainage
systems, heating and sanitary systems, gas
and water pipe lines etc.
instructions from Sanitary Engineer or Civil
Engineer regarding lay out of pipes, gas or
water mains, position of fixtures and fittings,
specifications regarding size and dimensions
of area where sanitary fittings or pipe are to
be fitted or laid. Marks points at places to
indicate position for fixing brackets and
laying pipes. Drills passage holes in walls or
floor of premises and fixes necessary
brackets, stands, holders etc. to keep or hold
fittings and fixtures in position, using nuts,
bolts, clamps etc. and tightens them with hand
tools. Cuts reams, threads and bends pipes as
appropriate. Ensures that pipe lines are laid
properly by Pipe Fitter. Joins pipes with
sockets, Tees, elbow etc. or with molten lead or
lead wool. Caulks joints (operation of making
joint seam tight to withstand pressure) and tests
them for leaks with pneumatic or hydraulic
pressure. May repair and maintain sewerage
and pipe lines by replacing washers on leaky
faucets, mending burst pipes, opening clogged
drains, etc. May do lead burning, dressing and
bossing of lead pipe and sheet lead, inlaying of
wooden tanks, construction of septic tanks etc.
7136.20 Pipe Layer; Sewer Pipe Layer lays
concrete, stone ware or clay pipes to form
sanitary drains and sewers.
instructions regarding size and type of concrete,
stone ware or clay pipe to be laid. Digs or gets
earth dug along marked lines using spade, picks
etc. to make trenches for laying pipes. Levels
and smoothens bottom of trenches to proper
gradient by scooping with shovels. Receives
pipes of required size lowered into trench
manually or by pulley and adjusts their position
by hand or crow-bar for correct levelling and
vertical and horizontal alignment. Joints pipes
together using appropriate couplings, joints,
rings etc. and closes joints by caulking with
fibre and cement to prevent leakage. Tests
joints by hydraulic or pneumatic pressure after
sealing. Fills trench with earth to cover laid
pipe and rams earth to avoid sinkage. Is
or WATER MAINS FITTER if engaged in
laying cast iron or galvanized iron water pipe
mains and in caulking their joints with lead to
prevent leakage. May lay pipe lines to provide
water connection to houses, sanitary sewers etc.
May fix meters to stopcocks, remove defects
from pipe lines and replace defective ones.
7136.30 Pipe Fitter lays repairs and maintains,
pipes for supply of water, gas, oil or steam in
buildings, gardens, workshops, stores, ships
etc., accordings to drawings or instructions.
Examines drawings and other specifications or
receives relevant instructions. Cuts passage
holes for laying pipes in walls and floors. Cuts
reams, threads and bends pipes according to
specifications. Lays pipes in cut passage and
assembles pipe sections with couplings,
sockets, Tee's elbows etc. Levels position of
pipes using sprit level for gravitational flow.
Caulks joints, tests them for leakage with
pneumatic or hydraulic pressure and secures
pipe line to structure with clamps, brackets,
and hangers. Fits water meters, taps etc to
pipe where necessary. Repairs and replaces
leaky pipe lines, taps and joints and provides
connections to overhead water tanks. Helps
Plumber, General in fittings sanitary fittings
to buildings. May join pipe sections and
7136.40 Straightening Machine Operator,
Iron and steel operates hydraulic, mechanical
or pneumatic straightening machine to
straighten girders, bars, tubes, joints, plates,
angle irons, rails, etc., to required accuracy.
Sets metal to be straightened between fixed
supports on machine bed using crane and with
assistance of helpers as necessary. Locates
bent portion of metal to be straightened, by
sight, scale or level.
Starts machine.
Manipulates hand wheel of machine to lower
or raise moving ram of machine over metal
object to be straightened. Adjusts stroke of
ram to required pressure according to nature
and extend of bend. Changes position of metal
object either by turning or shifting it by hand
or moving it to position by hoist for removing
bend to required accuracy. Checks object by
sight or with straight edge, scale or level to
ensure that curves or bends are straightened to
required accuracy.
Removes straightened
metal object from table with assistance of
helpers or using hoisting equipment. May oil
and clean machine. May do minor repairs to
7136.50 Puncher, Metal punches, drills and
countersinks holes in strip-plates, boiler frames
and other metal parts by machine or hand
Studies drawings and other
specifications to understand nature of punching
operation required. Selects proper size punch
and screws it into upper jaw of machine.
Hoists and places plate to be punched between
die and punch. Aligns hole mark on metal part
accurately under punch. Starts machine and
releases foot pedal to cause punch descend
through plate and cut hole over marked area.
Changes position of metal and repeats
punching operation.
May oil and clean
and scrapings from metal products and fixtures
such as castings, fixtures, girders, joints etc.
Examines metal objects and other structural
assemblies and marks areas with chalk requiring
chipping of excess metal or burrs to give smooth
finish. Connects air nozzle of pneumatic chipper
to high pressure air supply pipe. Fits cutting
chisel or tool to chuck or spindle or chipper as
appropriate. Starts chipper to rotate chisel or
cutting tool at high speed and chips off excess
metal and burrs from castings, rivetting points,
joints, angles etc., by pressing ti over marked
area. Manipulates machine as necessary and
observes metal getting smooth finish. Stops
machine and examines chipped area for finish
and accuracy by feel of hand or by using tools.
Cleans and oils machine periodically.
7136.90 Plumbers and Pipe Fitters, other
perform number of routine and low skilled tasks
such as assisting in laying pipes, making water
tight joints, fitting sockets and reducers,
threading pipes with taps and dies, removing
leakages, etc., and are designated as Plumber
Mate or Pipe Fitter Helper according to type of
work done.
Building and related electricians install,
maintain and repair electrical wiring systems
and related equipment.
maintains and repairs electrical machinery
equipment and fittings in factories, workshops
power house, business and residential premises
etc., Studies drawings and other specifications
to determine electrical circuit, installation
details, etc. Positions and installs electrical
Microphones, loud-speakers
and other electrical equipment, fittings and
lighting fixtures.
Makes connections and
solders terminals. Tests electrical installations
and equipment and locates faults using megger,
test lamps etc. Repairs or replaces defective
wiring, burnt out fuses and defective parts and
keeps fittings and fixtures in working order.
May do armature winding, draw wires and
cables and do simple cable jointing. May
operate, attend and maintain electrical motors,
pumps etc.
7136.60 Pneumatic Chipper
pneumatic chipper and removes excess metal
7137.15 Electrician (Mines) studies the
details of the mines and relevant drawing, etc.
to determine the electrical circuits,
installation details, etc. Installs in mines,
lights and switches, motors, transformers,
switchgears, switch board fittings and
lighting fixtures whether flame proof or not
within the mine or relating to the mines.
Maintains and repairs the electrical
machinery equipment, caplamps, other
fittings in mines, etc. Tests the electrical
installations and equipments as prescribed
under the mines regulations and Indian
Electricity Rules. Locates the faults using
megger, test lamp, etc. Repairs defective
wiring, burnt out fuses and defective parts
and keeps fittings and fixtures in working
order. Operates or maintains electrical
motors, pumps, etc. including those which are
in flame proof fitting, intrinsically safe
apparatus, etc. Conversant with general rules
of maintenance of the electrical equipment
and wiring as per the mines regulations and
Indian Electricity Rules. Knows how to test
for methane gas and able to switch off
electricity from the concerned part of the
mine where percentage of methane gas is
more than 1.25%. Observes all safety
precautions on the switching side avoiding
sparking. Knows conversion of AC and DC;
conversant with the electrical hazards within
the mines. He is also responsible for thorough
examination of all apparatus (including the
testing of conductors and metallic coverings
for continuity) as often as may be necessary
to prevent danger, examination and testing of
all apparatus erected or re-erected in the Mine
before it is put into service in a new position.
He is personally responsible for the
maintenance at the mine of a log-book made
up of daily log sheets prepared in the
prescribed form.
7137.20 Wireman, Light and Power installs
various kinds of electrical wiring such as
cleat, conduit, casing, concealed etc. in
houses, factories, workshops and other
establishments for light and power supply.
Studies diagram and plan of wiring and
marks light, power and other points
accordingly. Fixes wooden pegs, sizes tubes,
saws casings, etc. by common carpentry
fitting and other processes, according to type
of wiring needed. Erects switch boards and
fixes switch box casings cleats, conduits
ceiling roses, switches, meters etc. according
to type and plan of wiring. Draws wire in two
way or three-way wiring system as prescribed
and makes electrical connections through plugs
and switches to different points exercising
great care for safety and avoiding short circuit
and earthing at any stage of wiring. Fixes fuses
and covers as per diagram and insulates all
naked wires at diversions and junctions to
eliminate chances of short circuit and earthing.
Fits light brackets, holders, shades, tube and
mercury lights, fans etc, and makes electrical
connection as necessary. Tests checks installed
wiring for leakage and continuity using
megger, removes faults if any and certifies
wiring as correct for connecting mains. Checks
existing wiring for defects and restores current
supply by replacing defective switches, plug
sockets, blown fuse etc. or removing short
circuits and faulty wiring as necessary. May
repair simple electrical domestic appliances.
7137.30 Fuseman replaces blown out fuses to
restore supply of electric current. Receives
instructions from superior regarding place,
location and nature of breakdown to current
supply. Visits consumers' premises, street
lighting junctions or points to examine fuse box
for replacement of fuse wire. Climbs line-posts
with safety belts where necessary, pulls out
fuse switches from fuse box using shock-proof
hand gloves and checks whether fuse wire is
burnt out or blown off. Replaces blown out
fuse by fixing new fuse wire to terminals of
fuse switch. Fixes fuse-switch to fuse box and
restores current supply. Breaks seal of meters
in private premises, replaces blown out fuses
and re-seals meter using sealing plier, wire and
lead. May attend to telephone calls and minor
breakdown to supply lines.
7137.35 Meter Sealer, Electrical seals
electrical meters, main switch boards and
consumers cut outs using special sealing plier,
wire and lead to prevent tampering and
pilferage of current.
Visits consumers
premises, industrial places etc., connected with
electric supply.
Checks current supply
equipment such as meters, fuse boxes, cut outs
etc. for proper fixing. Seals meters main
switch cover and cut outs where necessary
using wire lead and sealing plier, to ensure that
no one can open or tamper with without
breaking their respective seals.
periodical visits to premises to check whether
meter seals and switches are in tact and are not
tampered with for illegal use of electric current.
Reports to superiors of illegal tapping from
supply lines. May attend calls to replace
7137.40 Electrician, Stage and Studio
controls lighting equipment, such as flood
lamps, strip lights, and spotlights from
projection room and front or backstage areas of
theater to cast spotlight on stage performers:
Places spotlights in specified locations in
theater and connects wiring for lighting.
Moves spotlight to follow movements of
performers with beam of light, according to
instructions on prepared cue sheet. Turns
colour wheel, causing light to be diffused
through varicoloured gelatin disks to change
colour of light. Cleans and adjusts light,
replacing carbons or bulbs as needed. May
insert varicoloured gelatin sheets in frame to
7137.90 Building and Related Electricians,
other include all other electricians engaged in
installation, maintenance and repairing of
electrical wiring systems and related
equipment not elsewhere classified.
Workers in this Family supervise and guide
workers engaged in pipefittings, plumbing,
welding, flame cutting, insulating, wiring and
sheet and structural metal working operations.
7138.10 Work Supervisor, Construction
supervises construction and repairs of
buildings, hutments, and other structures and
ensures working to required specifications.
Receives instructions from Building Overseer
regarding sizes and specifications of structure
to be built, composition of mortar and other
materials to be used and instructs Masons and
other workers accordingly. Gets bricks, sand,
cement, mosaic chips, etc., stacked in proper
order and ensures security against loss and
wastage. Keeps watch on construction being
built, ensures use of proper materials and
mortar and measures it periodically or at end of
day to calculate wages earned by workers.
Ensures building according to plan and gets
defects removed or reconstructed as directed
by Overseer. Maintains material, attendance
and other records as necessary, calculates
wages of workers engaged and ensures proper
use of men and material. May prepare bills,
LABOURERS and other workers and arrange
for their payment, if necessary.
7138.20 Supervisor and Foreman, Insulation
supervises application of insulating materials in
buildings, refrigeration and air-conditioning
equipment, boilers, steam pipes, etc., to maintain
or pressure stipulated temperature, prevent
reverbation of sound and like purposes. Studies
drawings and specifications of insulation to be
done. Arranges to draw or procure required
quantity of insulating materials and accessories
such as mineral wool, shreded or sheets of cork;
asbestos etc., and hands them over to workers as
required, with necessary instructions for their
application. Supervises work, ensures correct
application of required type and thickness of
insulating material and gets defects removed, if
any, to achieve desired result.
necessary records and ensures proper use of men
and material. May check insulation done with
gauges and meters and report results achieved.
7138.30 Supervisor and Foreman, Plumbing
and Pipe Fitting supervises workers engaged in
pipe fitting and plumbing operations and guides
them as necessary to ensure correct laying and
fitting of pipes, drainage system, etc. Studies
lay out drawings of pipelines or sanitary fittings
depending on tasks to be performed and instruct
workers accordingly. Supervises laying and
joining of pipes, making connections with soak
pit, fitting, sanitary appliances, cleaning blocked
drain pipes, removing leakages, etc. and ensures
proper installation and repairs done. Checks
pipe lines and sewerage systems under his
charge periodically or as required and maintains
them in proper working order.
records and registers and submits reports as
required. May guide workers in installation of
gas and hume pipes, making water and gas tight
joints, removing water pipe leakages by lead
burning, etc., if necessary.
7138.40 Electrical Supervisor, Wiring plans
prepares estimates and supervises installation of
commercial, industrial and domestic wiring in
buildings. Visits site, decides number of points
to be fixed and estimates costs according to type
of wiring to be installed. Plans and prepares
wiring diagram according to building layout,
power and light points to be fixed, equal
distribution of load, minimum exposure to
weather, easy access for repairs and other
factors as necessary to suit customer's
requirements. Marks location of points, cutouts, ceiling roses junction boxes etc., and
explains circuit to be drawn to Wireman.
Arranges for materials, supervises installation
of wiring and guides workers as necessary to
ensure conformity with safety and electricity
rules. Tests whole wiring systems with merger
on completion of work to ensure continuity
and proper installation. Connects to main
switch fixed at convenient place and certifies
on prescribed form that there is no leakage and
wiring has been done in accordance with
electricity act. May supervise installation of
temporary wiring. May supervise installation
of geyser, air-conditioners, booster pumps and
other domestic appliances.
7138.90 Supervisors in Building Fnishing
and Related Trades Workers, other include
workers who supervise and guide workers
engaged in pipefittings, plumbing, welding,
flame cutting, insulating, wiring and sheet and
structural metal working operations not
elsewhere classified.
Painters, building structure cleaners and related
trades workers prepare surfaces, apply paint
and similar materials to buildings and other
structures, vehicles, or various manufactured
articles, cover interior walls and ceilings with
wallpapers, clean chimneys and exterior
surfaces of buildings and other structures.
Painters and related workers prepare surfaces
of buildings and other structures for painting,
apply protective and decorative coats of paints
or similar materials or cover interior walls and
ceilings of buildings with wallpapers, silk or
other fabrics.
7141.10 Painter, Building; Painter, House
applies coats of paint, varnish and other similar
material to protect or decorate exterior and
interior surface of buildings using spray gun,
hand brush, etc.
Selects paint materials.
Mixes paints and matches colours by stirring
together proper proportions of pigment, oil,
thinner etc. and drying substances. Erects
working scaffolding with bamboo poles and
wooden planks or positions ladders at required
height or places to be painted. Cleans surface
packs, cracks and holes with mud fillers or
mortar to prepare it for painting. Applies prime
coat and allows it to dry. Brushes or sprays one
or more coats of paint on surface to required
finish. May finish and decorate surfaces with
marble or brick and tile effects or by building
silvering, stenciling etc.
7141.20 Painter, Steel Structure applies lead
oxide, bituminous and other protective or
decorative paints on steel framework of
buildings, hangers, girders, bridges and other
steel structures with hand brush or spray gun.
Rigs up scaffolding, cradles, ladders and other
equipment as necessary. Rubs and cleans metal
surfaces to be painted with wire brush, coir or
other abrasive material to provide clean smooth
surface for painting. Stirs ready made paints in
containers, mixes turpentine with it for thinning
and applies it on metal surfaces with hand brush
or spray gun as provided. May mix paint with
linseed oil, colouring matter or other substances
to obtain proper colour consistency. May burn
off old paint with blow lamp and scrap surfaces
before painting with sand paper.
7141.25 Painter, Industrial applies paint,
varnish and similar materials to building and
other structure. Chooses the right paint or finish
for the surface to be covered taking in to account
durability, ease of handling, method of
application and customers’ wishes. Prepares
surface to be covered using scrappers, abrasives,
and chemical removers so that paint adheres
properly. Removes old coat by stripping,
sanding, wire brushing, burning or watering and
abrasive blasting. May wash surfaces and do
trimming to remove dirt and grease from
surfaces; fills holes and cracks; welds; sandpapers rough spots and brushes off dust. Applies
primer on new surfaces for the finish coat. Mixes
paint and matches colours by stirring together
proper portions of pigments, oil, thinner etc. and
other substances relying on knowledge of paint
composition and colour harmony. Chooses the
right paint applicator for each job, depending on
the surface to be covered; characteristics of the
finish and other factors. May use brush with soft
tapered edge, or paint sprayer. Puts coating
liquid in to spray gun tank, couples gun to air
hose and adjusts air pressure valves and nozzles
when working with sprayer.
7141.30 Distemperer, Building applies
distempers on surfaces of lime, cement etc., to
required colour and shade, using hand brush.
Scrapes old paints etc. and smoothens surface
using edge-scrapers, brushes, chemical
removers, abrasives, etc. Erects scaffolding or
positions ladder where necessary, adjusting it
to heights or places to be painted. Moistens
surface to be distempered before applying first
coat of paint. Prepares distemper solution of
required density, colour and shade. Applies
distemper on surface, using hand brush and
giving one or more coatings. Ensures uniform
shade of colour all over distempered surface.
May finish and decorate surface. Is designated
as OIL PAINTER, BUILDING, if engaged in
oil painting of walls and ceilings, using special
types of readymade paints and brush.
7141.40 Paper Hanger; Wall Paper
Decorator cuts wall paper to proper lengths,
applies glue paste on its back and covers walls
and ceilings with them for decorative purposes.
Selects wall paper of suitable colour, design
and size and cuts it into suitable lengths.
Erects scaffolding or positions ladder wherever
necessary to reach surface to be decorated.
Applies coat of glue on back of paper and
pastes it on surface to be covered. Trims edges
and runs hard rubber over painted paper to
smoothen it. May apply sticking material on
surface with roller or brush.
7141.90 Painters and Related Workers,
other include those who prepare surfaces of
buildings and other structures for painting,
apply protective and decorative coats of paints
or similar materials or cover interior walls and
ceilings of buildings with wallpapers, silk or
other fabrics not elsewhere classified.
Varnishers and related painters paint vehicles
such as cars, buses or trucks, or apply
protective coats of enamel or varnish on metal,
wooden and other manufactured articles,
usually with a hand-spraying device.
7142.10 Painter, General applies decorative
or protective coats of paint, varnish, shellack,
enamel, lacquer or other materials on exterior
or interior surfaces, trimming and fixtures of
glass, metal, wood, plaster concrete brick,
building boards or other objects using brush,
spray gun, roller, stencils etc. Receives work
order and selects correct type of paint materials
with the consideration to suitability, durability,
ease of application and estimated cost. Mixes
pigments, oils and other ingredients to material
where required by manual or mechanical mixing
device using paddle or electric mixer to obtain
desired colour, shade and consistency. Removes
dirt, grease or rough spots and irregularities by
scrapers, chemicals and abrasives and patches
cracks and holes with putty or other filler.
Covers surface with appropriate prime coat or
sealer to have suitable surface or base for paint.
Brushes, sprays or stencils one or more coats of
material on surfaces. May finish or decorate
surfaces by gilding, silvering or painting over
stencils. May be designated according to object
coated or material used. May mix paint with
linseed oil, colouring matter of materials, labour,
etc. May erect scaffolds to facilitate work.
7142.20 Painter Spray; Duco Painter applies
decorative or protective materials such as paint,
enamel or lacquer including synthetic paint on
articles of wood, metal etc., using spray painting
equipment. Selects and mixes paints to produce
desired colour consistency, strains and puts
coating liquid into spray-gun tank, couples gun
to air-hose and adjusts air-pressure valves and
nozzle. Presses trigger and directs spray of
prime and finish coats of paint over surfaces and
ensures smooth and even finish. Covers with
tape areas not to be painted or where painting is
to be done in second colouring. Cleans gun and
hose with solvent before changing colour and on
completion of work. May prepare surfaces for
painting, using scrapers, abrasives, chemical
removers or other means. May be designated
according to article coated or material used.
7142.25 Metal Sprayer controls portable
flame spray equipment to spray corrosionresistant coatings, such as zinc or aluminum, on
objects, such as plates, tanks, and structural
shapes according to specifications: Cleans and
roughens surface of object to be coated, using
sandblasting equipment. Selects nozzle to
accommodate size of wire to be melted and
sprayed and screws nozzle into place on
metallising gun. Inserts wire into rear of gun
and through feed rollers and nozzle. Connects
hoses from gun to air compressor and tanks of
oxygen and fuel gas, such as acetylene. Turns
knobs to synchronize speed of wire feed, air
pressure, and flow of oxygen and fuel indicated
on dials to specifications computed from data
charts. Ignites gases to melt wire and presses
button or trigger to release compressed air,
which atomises and sprays molten metal onto
work piece. Directs spray over surface of
work piece in specified pattern to obtain
coating of required thickness as indicated by
electromagnetic gauge or amount of wire
used. May spray or brush paint or apply
sealing material on coated surface for
decoration or further protection. May flame spray nonmetallic objects, such as glass or
7142.30 Painter, Sign or Letter; Letter
Writer; Sign Writer plans, lays out and
paints in one or more languages letters, signs,
figures and monograms on wooden boards,
metal plates, walls etc. using pencil brushes
and palette. Prepares layout for sign writing,
coats back-ground with paint, using paint
brushes and allows it to dry. Sketches out
lines with free hand in chalk or pencil or gets
them marked by dusting on stencils. Mixes
paints and pigments to get desired colour
consistency and fills in marked out lines of
letters and designs with paint using pencil
brushes of various sizes. May make signs by
cutting out and sticking gold lead lettering to
surfaces. May cut stencils and paint signs by
brushing and spraying paint over them. May
make signs of metal or wood. May transfer
designs and monograms and to gliding,
silvering, graining etc.
7142.40 Painter, Brush applies decorative or
protective materials such as paint, enamel,
varnish, lacquer etc., on metal articles, wood,
building boards and other materials using
hand brush. Selects correct type of paint and
brush, taking into consideration suitability,
durability, ease of application and cost or
mixes pigments, oils and other ingredients to
paint material, as required, to obtain desired
colour, shade and consistency.
surfaces with brush, cloth or abrasive
material. Removes dirt, grease or rough spots
and irregularities by scrapers, chemicals etc.
and patches cracks and holes with putty or
filler to provide smooth clean surface. Rubs
or covers surfaces with appropriate prime
coat to have suitable base or surface for
painting. Brushes with hand one or more
coats of paint material on it to required finish.
Cleans brushes on completion of work and
maintains them.
May be designated
according to object painted or material used.
7142.50 Painter, Wood Work and Furniture
polishes wood and applies decorative or
protective coats of materials such as paints,
enamel, varnish, lacquer etc., on pieces of
furniture, mirror and picture frames, building
fixtures and other types of wood work to
desired shade and colour using hand brushes.
Selects correct type of paint materials or mixes
pigment, oils and other ingredients in proper
proportions to obtain desired colour, shade and
consistency. Prepares surface by scrapping
with hand tools, rubbing with abrasive papers
such as sand paper, steel wool or by applying
chemicals to remove dirt, grease stains and old
paint. Fills cracks and holes with putty, honey
wax or filler and smoothens surface by rubbing
with cloth, brush or abrasives. Covers surface
with enamel, lacquer, paint, stain or varnish as
required using hand brush and allows coat to
dry. Applies wax or other polishing material
with cloth and rubs it to shin finish. May paint
decorative designs and mix finishing materials
to get desired effect.
7142.60 Painter, Glass paints ornamental and
decorative designs on window glass and other
glass articles using paints of required colours
and painting brushes.
Studies design or
ornamental features and draws free hand out
lines in chalk, pencil or with special brush on
glass planes or other glass wares to be painted.
Paints on objects required design, using paints
of different colour to match design or pattern.
Paints details and shade on coloured glass
previously waxed up according to original
pattern to complete design of windows used in
churches, memorials and residences utilising
knowledge of art, portraiture and effect of light
and shade on glass. Cleans brushes in oil or
solvent after painting. May estimate cost of
work. May paint walls, roof etc., of buildings.
May stain back of painted glass pieces with
silver chloride to achieve gold effect.
7142.70 Paint Mixer prepares paints, varnishes
and other protective and decorative materials
specifications and matching them with samples.
Pours pigments, oils, thinner and other
ingredients in proper proportions into can and
stirs mixer manually or by mechanical device.
Checks mixed liquid with desired colour
sample and ensures that it matches and has
correct consistency. May blend colours to get
desired shades. May test specific gravity of
mixture using hydrometer.
7142.80 Painter Mate; Painter Helper
assists painters in their wok by performing
routine tasks such as cleaning and preparing
surfaces, mixing paints or colours under
instructions, carrying tools and other
equipment from one place to another,
supplying material to painters and assisting
them in their work. Cleans surfaces of object
to be painted with brush, cloth or abrasive
material and removes grease and dirt with
chemical solvents, patches cracks and holes
with putty or other filling and assists painter
in his work by supplying paint, brushes etc.
as required.
Keeps brushes and other
painting equipment clean. May do brush
painting for ordinary purposes. May cover
surfaces with appropriate prime coat to have
suitable base for paint.
7142.90 Varnishers and Related Painters,
other include all those who paint vehicles
such as cars, buses or trucks, or apply
protective coats of enamel or varnish on
metal, wooden and other manufactured
articles, usually with a hand-spraying device
not elsewhere classified.
varnished to required finish by scrubbing
chemical treatment or by polishing with emery
or glass paper as necessary.
preparation of base for spray and high class
painting by application of putty on surface and
its smoothening for applying first coat of paint.
Guides workers in mixing, straining of paints
and varnish to required shade and consistency
and supervises painting, smoothening and final
polishing operations to ensure required gloss
and finish desired.
Maintains prescribed
records and keeps tools and equipment in
working order. May design stencils for brush
and screen-printing.
7148.90 Supervisors and Foremen and
Related Trades Workers, in Painting,
Building Structure Cleaning, other include
supervisory workers engaged
in painting,
building structure cleaning not elsewhere
Building structure cleaners removes soot
from chimneys, or clean exterior surfaces of
buildings and other structures.
Metal machinery and related trades workers
cast, weld, forge and, by other methods, form
metal, erect, maintain and repair heavy metal
structures, engage in machine tool setting as
well as in fitting, maintaining and repairing
machinery, including engine vehicles, electrical
and electronic equipment, or they produce tools
and various non-precious-metal articles.
Supervisors and foremen and related trades
workers in painting, building structure
cleaning, other supervise sign writing and
application of paint, varnish, distemper or
lacquer on metal, wood, building, glass and
other surfaces.
Metal moulders, welders, sheet-metal workers,
structural-metal preparers and related trades
workers make moulds and cores for casting
metal, weld and cut metal parts, make and
repair articles of sheet metal, install, erect,
maintain and repair heavy metal structures,
tackle, cable-cars and related equipment, or
carry out similar work under water.
7148.10 Supervisor and Foreman, Painting
supervises sign writing and application of
paint, varnish, distemper or lacquer on metal,
wood, building, glass and other surfaces and
ensures correct finish. Examines surface of
structure or article to be worked upon and
decides shade and type of paint, mixture or
varnish to be used according to specifications
or customers' requirements. Directs workers
to smoothen surface to be painted or
Metal moulders and coremakers make moulds
and cores for casting metal.
7211.10 Moulder, General prepares mould
from foundry sand using pattern for casting
metal parts. Places pattern on mould plate
(Wooden plate with arrangements to hold
pattern). Makes mould in two halves (top
and bottom) by ramming foundry sand
around pattern. Removes pattern carefully
and mends two halves of mould by trowel
and smoothners. Makes vent holes by wire
for escape of gas and other holes on top box
for pouring metal into mould and for escape
of excess molten metal (runners and risers).
Fixes dried ‘cores’ in proper position to have
designed holes in casting. May prepare
bottom half of mould in floor instead of in
bottom box. May dry moulds by fire in case
of heavy castings. May do additions and
alternations in mould from drawing, using
foot rule, knife and trowel. May be known as
PIPE MOULDER if engaged in pipe
7211.20 Moulder, Machine makes moulds
for use in forming molten metal into castings
of various sizes, using auxiliary machines,
patterns, hand tools and sand or loam. Places
plate to which lower half of pattern is
attached on machine table. Fixes frame
having sides and cross-bars but no top or
bottom to plate. Packs sand or loam around
pattern. Fills frame with coarser material
from chute or by shoveling, and operates
machine to ram material. Turns frame over
by hand or machine and dusts surface of sand
with powder. Fits upper half of pattern to
half and pins them together. Fixes another
frame on top of frame. Positions channels
through which molten metal will be poured
and observed. Repeats packing, filling and
ramming tasks and pierces holes to allow
gases to escape during and after pouring.
Loosens frames and turns top frame over and
removes halves of pattern. Fits cores in
place. Repairs damaged surfaces and treats
all surfaces to prevent crumbling of molten
metal. Rejoins frames. Shapes channel tops
and fits bushes to protect them. May use
only one frame and work as member of team
in preparing top or bottom frames. May
specialize in casting any particular type of
metal and be designated accordingly.
7211.30 Moulder, Vertical Pipe prepares
mould for vertical casting heavy pipes. Sets
bottom socket in moulding box (casing) by
operating crane hoist. Gets ramming done,
removes socket pattern and repairs mould
Blackwashes mould and gets it dried up. Sets
socket core at bottom and gets main and top
core lowered and placed securely in concentric
position. Is designated as TOP MOULDER
MOULDER according to
location of work.
7211.40 Rammer, Vertical Pipe Moulding
rams foundry sand around body pattern and sets
core for preparation of vertical pipe moulds.
Directs other workers in lowering and fitting it
into bottom socket. Fills and rams foundry
sand in casing around body pattern. Signals
Crane Driver to lower spigot pattern on top;
adjusts and sets pattern with help of gauges and
completes ramming around spigot with pin
rammers. Removes spigot and body patterns
7211.50 Core Maker, Moulding (Hand)
prepares cores with core sand (foundry sand
mixed with some bonding agent such as
molasses) for casting cavities in metal parts.
Sprays ash, silica or other non-adhering powder
on sides of core box, partially fills box with
core sand, and inserts metal strengthening pins,
wires (grid bars). Fills in and compacts more
sand until core box is full. Makes vent holes in
core with wire. Removes core from core box,
mends it if necessary and places it in oven for
drying. May apply plumbago mixed with
mo lasses and water to obtain smooth finish on
finished castings.
7211.60 Coremaker, Vertical Pipe prepares
cores for casting vertical pipes by repeated
process of loam application. Applies splash
loam uniformly on metal body and covers it
with straw roll mechanically.
protective loam over it, gets it dried up in gas
fixed stoves and mechanically revolves it
against core board to get coating of fine loam.
Sizes core by mechanically scrapping off extra
material after drying. Cuts off bottom portion
of core to prevent crushing during operations.
Repairs defects if any, applies thick coating of
blackwash and gets it dried up again before use.
7211.90 Moulding and Core Making
Operatives perform number of routine and low
skilled tasks such as ramming foundry sand
into mould by rammers (metal bars having flat
and round bottom), setting body pattern with
help of crane in centre of mould, fixing and
removing of sockets for pipe castings, setting
pullers for withdrawing machine castings,
coating moulds with refractory or insulating
powder, assisting in preparation of foundry
sand, making bed for moulds, checking
conditions of moulds, skimming dirt and slag
from molten metal, cleaning and blackening
trough, guiding and assisting Crane Driver in
stripping castings from metal moulds, etc.,
and may be designated as Rammer, Socket
Putter, Moulder Mates, Moulder Helpers,
Pitman, Skimmer, Troughman, Stripper, etc.
Welders and flamecutters weld and cut metal
parts using gas flame, or an electric arc and
other sources of heat to melt and cut, or to
melt and fuse metal.
7212.10 Welder, Gas fuses metal parts
oxygenacetylene flame. Examines parts to
be welded, cleans portion to be joined, holds
them together by some suitable device and if
necessary makes narrow groove to direct
flow of molten metal to strengthen joint.
Selects correct type and size of welding rod,
nozzle etc. and tests welding, torch. Wears
dark glasses and other protective devices
while welding. Releases and regulates valves
of oxygen and acetyllene cylinders to control
their flow into torch. Ignites torch and
regulates flame gradually. Guides flame
along joint and heats it to melting point,
simultaneously melting welding rod and
spreading molten metal along joint shape,
size etc. and rectifies defects if any. May join
part at various spots to prevent distortion of
shape, form dimension etc. May preheat
materials like cast iron prior to welding. May
also weld by other gases such as argon coal
7212.20 Welder, Electric Arc Welder fuses
metals using arc-welding apparatus and
electrodes (welding material).
parts to be welded, cleans them and sets
joints together with clamps or any other
suitable device.
Starts generator or
transformer (welding apparatus and regulates
current according to material and thickness of
welding. Clamps one lead (insulated wire
carrying current from generator) to part to be
welded, selects required type of electrode and
clamps it to holder connected with other
lead). Generates sparks between electrode
and joint, simultaneously guiding and
depositing uniformily melting electrode to
weld. Takes precautionary measures such as
wearing rubber gloves, holding welding screen
of dark glass etc. May join parts first at various
points for holding at specified angles, shape,
form and dimension.
7212.30 Welder, Machine operates gas or
electric welding machine to joint metal parts by
fusion. Sets machine for operation by igniting
burners and adjusting flames or by switching
on current. Regulates flow of gas or current
and adjusts machine according to material to be
welded. Checks cooling system and adjusts
movement of conveyor, if any. Feeds material
to be welded with either one by one or in batch
according to type of machine and welds them
by pressing paddle, or by automatic
May use fixtures or other
suitable devices for mass production work. Is
designated as SPOT WELDER, FLASH
WELDER, etc. according to machine and type
of work done.
7212.40 Gas Cutter; Flame Cutter cuts metal
to required shape and size by gas flame either
manually or by machine. Examines material to
be cut and marks it according to instruction of
Mounts template and sets
machine to cut to specifications.
necessary connections and fits required size of
nozzle or burner in welding torch. Releases
and regulates flow of gas in nozzle or burner,
ignites and adjusts flame. Guides flame by
hand or machine along cutting line at required
speed and cuts metal to required size. May use
oxyacetylene or any other appropriate gas
7212.50 Brazer fuses metal parts by heating
using flux and fillings. Cleans and fastens parts
to be joined face to face by wire, by seaming or
by any other suitable means and prepares paste
of flux and fillings. Applies it to joint and
hearts in furnance or by torch to melt filling
into joint. Allows it to cool down. Examines
joint and cleans them by filing, buffing etc.
7212.60 Lead Burner installs and repairs lead
tanks, tank lining, pipes, floors and other
fixtures and equipment of lead, using blow
lamp and hand tools. Cuts section of sheet lead
or pipe to size. Scrapes and levels edges of
sections to be joined. Fits section into place
and fuses section together by moving flame of
lamp along joints or by heating joints with
lamp and adding lead from rod or laddle.
Makes lead fittings and pipes by cutting,
shaping and joining. May fuse, cut or make
lead parts of storage battery, tanks, etc. by
operating bad burning machine, or using
oxyacetylene or oxyhydrogen torch.
7212.65 Welder, Resistance sets up and
operates resistance welding machine to join
metal parts, according to blueprints, work
orders, or oral instructions. Turns machine
dials to set air and hydraulic pressure,
amperage, and joining time, according to
specified type of metal, weld, and assembly.
May select, install, and adjust electrodes.
Aligns workpieces, using square and rule.
May hold pieces together manually, fasten
into jigs, or secure with clamps to align in
specified assembly position. Holds part
between electrodes or positions on machine
worktable. Depresses pedal or pulls trigger to
close electrodes and form weld at point of
contact. Releases pedal or trigger after
specified welding time. Cleans electrodes,
using file, tip dresser, emery cloth. May
operate machine which automatically releases
electrodes from metal after welding cycle.
May devise and build fixtures to hold pieces.
May inspect finished work. May operate
machine equipped with two or more
electrodes which weld at several points
simultaneously. Important variations include
types of joints welded (seam, spot, butt) and
types of materials welded (aluminum, steel).
7212.90 Welders and Flame Cutters, other
perform number of routine and low skilled
tasks such as cleaning joints, fitting.
electrodes, relieving welder and flame cutters
in minor operations, fitting nozzle or burner,
fitting templates etc. and is designated as
Welder Helper, Gas Cutter Helper, etc.
Sheet-metal workers make, install and repair
articles and parts of articles of sheet metal
such as sheet steel, copper, tin, brass,
aluminium, zinc or galvanized iron.
7213.10 Sheet Metal Worker, General
makes sheet metal articles according to
drawing or sample. Studies drawing or
sample and records measurements if
necessary. Selects sheet of required type,
thickness (gauge) and size and marks it with
scriber, square, divider, foot rule etc.,
according to drawing or sample.
wherever necessary by machine or hand
shears and makes it to required shape and size
by bending, seaming, forming, rivetting,
soldering etc., using mallets, hammers,
formers, sets, stakes, etc., or by various
machines such as shearing, bending, beading,
channelling , circle cutting. Checks work at
stages during operations and does soldering,
brazing as necessary.
May undertake
pneumatic and hydraulic tests.
May also
undertake repair work. May specialise in
different metal sheets such as tin, copper, brass.
7213.20 Sheet Metal Worker, Structural
assembles, alters and repairs prefabricated
sheet metal sections according to specifications
by various mechanical processes such as
drilling, rivetting, trimming, soldering etc. to
form body structures of motor vehicles,
aircraft, water tanks etc. Studies drawings and
other specifications.
Selects prefabricated
metal sheet of required size, shape, form and
thickness, measures them and marks outline
and positions to indicate joints, bends etc.
Punches or drills holes in metal sheets at
marked points with hand or tools and joins
various parts together by rivetting, soldering,
welding or with nuts and bolts. Bends metal
sheet to required shape and covers it by joining
it with frame at suitable places with nuts and
bolts. Trims ends of bent metallic sheet by
filing, sawing, bending etc. as appropriate.
May install assembled body structure on frames
for having wooden parts fitted to it. May heat
and bend metallic parts of frame. May do spot
7213.30 Dent Remover; Panel Beater
removes dents from sheet metal parts such as
mudguards, body panels, tanks, containers,
trunks by beating with mallets, smoothens
surface for painting and other operations. Gets
parts dismantled, examines dents caused by
stress or accidents and starts beating from
highest point on inner side with mallet to bring
it back to original shape. Supports outer
surface with soft metal-piece, wood or broader
mallet to avoid distortion in reverse direction.
Manipulates support and uniformly beats inner
portion till damaged portion is reformed to
original shape. May engage an assistant to hold
support and guide him in manipulating it. May
also scrape or lightly file outer surface to
remove further defects, if any, for obtaining
finer finish.
7213.40 Tinsmith makes and repairs cartlamps. Containers, funnels, oil cans, siphons
etc., from thin mild steel, galvanized or other
sheets according to samples or instructions
for commercial and domestic use. Measures
sample with foot rule and callipers, selects
required type of metal sheet, marks and cuts
it accordingly with hand scissors. Develops
sheet to required shape by beating and
bending using mallet, rods, patterns, rails,
stakes, etc., and solders joints as required.
Secures joints by seaming or rivetting and
tests them for leakage. May be designated as
according to material in which worked.
tasks, such as doing primary development of
sheet metal, cutting sheets to sizes, assisting in
operating sheet metal machines, applying
brazing compound on joints to be brazed,
heating rivets for assembly etc. and are
designated as:
7213.50 Tin Coater; Kalaigare applies thin
coating of tin on brass and copper utensils for
domestic use. Makes small charcoal fire,
cleans (degreases) utensils by scribbling with
dry sand or any other such abrasive, heats up
utensils on fire, sprinkles powdered
ammonium chloride and tin stick or
powdered tin on it, allows tin to melt and
spreads melted tin over entire required
surface with cotton or wool pad. Repeats and
again rubs coated surface to ensure smooth
Sheet Metal Machine Helper if assists Sheet
Metal Machine Operator in setting and
operating sheet metal working machines such
as bending machine, channeling machine,
shearing machine etc.
7213.60 Machine Feeder and Offbearer
feeds materials into or removes materials
from machines or equipment that is automatic
or tended by other workers. Feeds materials
into machines and equipment to process and
manufacture products. Off bears materials
and products from machines and equipment,
using hand tools. Cleans and maintains
machinery, equipment, and work areas to
ensure proper functioning and safe working
conditions. Moves controls to start, stop, or
adjust machinery and equipment. Modifies
materials and products during manufacturing
process to meet requirements. Records
production and operational information and
data on specified forms. Identifies and marks
materials, products, and samples, following
instructions. Weighs or measures materials or
products to ensure conformance to
specifications. Inspects materials and
products for defects and to ensure
conformance to specifications. Fastens,
packages, or stacks materials and products,
using hand tools and fastening equipment.
7214.10 Plater shapes and finishes plates by
rolling, bending etc. for structural work. Sets
and starts rolling and bending machines, feeds
already marked plates one by one and rolls
them to required shape.
Forms plates,
according to specification on bending machine
for fire box, water reservoir ship structure, etc.
Checks and finishes plates correct to templates
patterns for erection work. May chip, grind
and drill plates with pneumatic tools. May be
designated as BOILER PLATER if engaged in
forming boiler plates.
Sheet Metal Helper if assists Sheet Metal
Worker by performing simple flanging,
punching, shearing soldering etc.
fabrication of sheet metal products, Tin Smith
Helper if cuts tin sheets according to drawing
or sample using foot rule, callipers and compas
and assists Tin Smith in bending, shaping and
joining various component parts.
Structural-metal preparers and erectors shape,
assemble and erect heavy metal girders and
plates to form structures and frame -works.
7214.20 Plate Setter sets plates of ship
structure, boilers, water reservoirs etc. to
specified curves (profiles) by heating and
hammering. Heats plates in furnace to required
temperature and hammers them to specified
Checks plates frequently with
templates and gauges while setting and repeats
process as necessary. Scrafies (makes thin by
striking) ends of plates for assembling. May
reset twisted and damaged plate. Is designated
as BOILER SMITH if engaged in setting plates
of boilers.
7213.90 Sheet Metal Workers, Other
perform number of routine and low skilled
7214.30 Boiler Fitter sizes and fits various
components and mountings to boilers and
assists Boiler Maker in preparing boilers for
steam and hydraulic tests.
comp onents according to drawings and sizes
them accurately by chipping, filing, drilling,
reaming, tapping, scrapping etc. to required
specifications, checking frequently with
precision measuring instruments. Locates
carefully position of different mountings such
as regulator, super heater, header, pressure
gauge, seatings, safety valve by measuring
instruments and gauges and fits them on
boiler. Fits external water and lubrication
pipes. Performs various duties as instructed
by Boiler Maker such as cleaning of pipes,
connecting pump, sealing etc. and assists him
in preparing boiler for hydraulic and steam
tests. May also undertake rivetting, caulking,
replacing of worn out and defective parts.
7214.40 Tubesmith, Boiler forms, repairs
and maintains boiler tubes, cuts tubes to
required length, grinds surfaces, reams holes,
expands or reduces ends and swages them as
required. Repairs or replaces defective or
worn out tubes and tests for leakage by
hydraulic pressure. May do descaling and
cleaning of boiler tubes.
7214.50 Boiler Maker makes layout of
boiler from drawings, fits and assembles
different parts, adjusts valves, prepares boiler
for steam and hydraulic tests and undertakes
repairs of boilers. Studies drawing, sets
barrel of boiler in position, marks out
locations and fits different units such as stays,
flue tubes with super heater, header, thermo siphon, injection and external pipes, fire
grate, ash pan, smoke box tube plate, junction
rings, etc. Repairs and replaces tubes, stays,
grates etc. as and when required. Expands
tubes and adjusts valves and other functional
parts of boiler. Does rivetting, caulking
reaming, beading etc.
as required by
pneumatic, hydraulic and mechanical
Checks components, fittings,
mountings etc.
and prepares boiler for
inspection at different stages and also for
hydraulic and steam tests. May assemble
tanks, vats and other heavy steel vessels with
prefabricated parts. May also alter boiler
parts and repair pumps, pipe lines etc.
7214.60 Erector, Structural ; Erection
Fitter, Structural erects iron and steel
framework at site for construction of buildings,
bridges, chimneys, drilling rise, ropeways, etc.,
under guidance of structural Engineer.
Examines drawings, site facilities and other
specifications to determine kinds of lifting
tackles, men, etc., required. Collects steel
members such as truss, rafter, posts, etc., sets
up hoisting equipment for raising and placing
them and erects scaffolding. Aligns and bolts
members in position for rivetting. Drills, reams
or enlarges holes and smoothens rough surfaces
using pneumatic or electric tools, gets
fabricated members slinged and lifted using
lifting tackles, ropes, chains, crane etc. as
necessary, structural steel places them
according to specifications and joins them
permanently in order of sequence to form
completed structure or its frame work. May
rivet or weld members together.
7214.65 Fitter Structural assembles and fits
together various parts of heavy structures such
as bridges, overhead cranes, hoists, ship etc. in
workshop according to drawings under
instructions of structural Engineer, and
dismantles them for transporting to site for final
construction. Examines drawings and other
Checks parts to be fitted
together. Cuts steel plates and angle iron using
power shear or flame cutting equipment. Drills
holes for bolts and rivets. Aligns members in
position with connecting pins to ensure that
members fit together properly preparatory to
permanent erection of structures at site.
Checks alignment of members with spirit level,
etc., to ensure accuracy of fit. Dismantles parts
transportation to site. May bend or otherwise
shape plates and assemble structural members
by fitting, forging, drilling, rivetting, bolting, or
7214.70 Fitter, Construction erects columns,
trussses and general fabrication work at site for
construction of buildings, heavy foundations,
hangars, sheds, etc. under guidance of Civil
Engineer or Overseer. Examines drawings and
other specifications. Selects rods and cuts them
to required length. Bends rods using hand tools
or bending machine and joins them together
with wires or fasteners. Places rods in forms
and fixes them in position. May reinforce
concrete with wire mesh.
7214.80 Riveter joins permanently metal parts,
plates etc. with rivets either manually or by
pneumatic or hydraulic machines. Selects
correct size and type of rivets. Ensures by
sight or calculation that rivets are of correct
length including allowances for rivetting and
cuts them if required, to correct length. Gets
them heated up by Riveter Helper if
necessary. Sets parts or plates in correct
position, aligns holes and inserts rivets.
Directs Dolly Man to hold dolly in position
or holds it by suitable mechanical device and
snaps other end to required shape by manual
or mechanical process. Checks and ensures
that rivets are not loose or bent and heads
have been correctly formed. May detect
faulty rivets, and drive them out after
chipping or sawing rivetheads. Reams rivet
holes manually or by drilling machine, if
necessary, and fixes new rivets. Is designated
as CAULKER if engaged in caulking seams,
stays, rivets etc. with caulking tools. May
also do beading.
7214.82 Riveter (Railroad Equipment)
rivets structural members, assemblies, and
parts of railroad cars, using portable riveting,
dimpling, and drilling machines and
handtools: Reads work orders, blueprints, and
operation sheets to determine sequence of
operations and type size and hole pattern of
rivets. Removes temporary bolts or fasteners
and inserts rivets in predrilled holes. Places
drive head of rivet gun against rivet shank
and pulls trigger to actuate hammer that
spreads rivet, or spreads rivet, using rivet set
and hammer. Rivets together adjoining edges
of parts and assemblies, using portable rivet
squeezer. Places two dies of rivet squeezer
over head and shank of rivet, and presses
trigger to activate dies that flatten shank of
rivet. Drills and reams rivet holes and drills
out defective rivets. Forms dimples around
rivet holes, using portable dimpling gun or
stationary dimpling machine. May align and
assemble parts to be riveted, using jigs,
holding fixtures, pins, clamps, and fasteners.
May buck rivets.
7214.90 Structural-metal Preparers and
Erectors, other include workers who shape,
assemble and erect heavy metal girders and
plates to form structures and frame-works not
elsewhere classified.
Riggers and cable splicers erect tackle for
lifting and hauling, or install and maintain
cables, ropes and wires on construction sites,
oil and gas- well drilling sites, or in ships,
aircraft, and other places.
7215.10 Rigger erects lifting and hauling
tackles, pulleys, wire ropes, etc. to lift, move or
lower heavy articles such as girders, beams,
roofing sheets, machinery, logs, etc. for
building, erection, construction or similar
Selects cables, ropes, pulleys,
winches, blocks, and sheaves, according to
weight and size of load to be moved; attaches
pulley and blocks to fixed overhead structures,
such as beams, ceilings and pole booms, with
bolts and clamps; attaches load with grappling
devices, such as loops, wires, ropes and chains,
to crane hook; gives directions to Electric
Bridge or Gantry Crane Operator or other Hoist
Operator engaged in hoisting and moving loads
to insure safety of workmen and material
handled using hand signals, loud speaker, or
telephone. May splice rope and wire cables to
make or repair slings and tackle. May direct
workers engaged in hoisting machinery and
equipment into ships and be designated
building and repair).
When hoisting and
moving construction machinery onto truck
beds, may be designated as MACHINE
MOVER (Construction).
7215.20 Slinger Crane Hooker assists
workers engaged in operating power shovels or
cranes used to lift and move machinery
equipment or materials such as concrete,
castings, millrolls, scrap metal, piple, dirt and
logs from one place to another. Affixes rope,
cable, chain, sling or other grappling equipment
or attachments to object being lifted or to
lifting mechanism; places blocking or screw
jacks in position to hold crane or shovel upright
when lifting heavy loads; signals operator,
vocally or with hand signals, to guide operator
in lifting and moving loads when view from
crane or shovel cab is obstructed; pushes or
pulls load as it is lowered until it is deposited in
desired place; removes grappling attachments
or pulls lever crane or shovel with grease gun
or oil can. May be designated according to
equipment used, attachments made or area
7215.30 Splicer (Rope and Cables) joins,
repairs or fits attachments to wire or hemp
ropes or cables by splicing. Cuts parts of
damaged cables; joins cables by opening up
ends and interweaving strands, fits cables
around hooks, eyes or other attachments and
splices end of cable back into itself; binds
joints and ends of cables. May be designated
according to type of cables spliced.
7215.90 Riggers and Cable Splicers, Other
include all other workers engaged in splicing
cables and rigging and material handling
equipment, not elsewhere classified.
Underwater workers work under water,
dressed in scuba gear or diving suit, to
inspect, install, repair, and remove equipment
and structures.
7216.10 Dress Diver dives and works below
surface of water, using scuba gear (selfcontained under water breathing apparatus) or
in diving suit with airline extending to
surface, to inspect, repair, remove and install
equipment and structures. Puts on diving suit
with airline extending to surface or equips
with scuba gear and descends into water with
aid of helper; inspects docks, and bottoms
and propellers of ships; communicates with
surface by signal line or telephone; repairs
vessels below waterline, replacing missing or
leaking rivets with bolts; caulk leaks in ships;
cleans debris from intake and discharge
strainers; assists in salvage of parts of
wrecked ships and lost articles under-water.
May cut and weld steel using oxyacetylene
cutting torch and arc-welding equipment.
7216.20 Skin Diver dives into sea water for
underwater examination of keel of ship,
propellers, pipes, sandpipes and hopper doors
of dredges etc., for suspected breakage or
leakage and reports defects. Receives order
from supervisors and goes to spot where
diving is required, on launch. Ascertains
depth of water by putting sounding lines and
judges whether skin diving is feasible. Dives
into water by holding on rope attached with
heavy weight (sinker) and lowered into
bottom of water and reports defects to
Rectifies minor defects and
removes obstructions while under water, if
7216.90 Underwater Workers, other include
workers who work under water, dressed in
scuba gear or diving suit, to inspect, install,
repair, and remove equipment and structures
not elsewhere classified.
Supervisors, foremen and related workers in
metal moulding, welding, sheet metal work,
structural metal preparation and related trades
supervise and guide workers engaged in pipe
fitting, plumbing, welding, flame cutting and
sheet and structural metal working operations.
7218.10 Supervisor and Foreman, Welding
and Flame Cutting supervises welding and
flame cutting operation in workshop and
ensures correct working. Studies drawings and
other details regarding welding or cuttings to be
done and arranges for jigs and fixtures, if
Explains joints to be made,
precautions necessary to retain form or avoid
cracking and burning, type of welding to be
done, electrodes or welding rods to be used,
flux to be applied, etc., to workers to ensure
correct wiring. Supervises work, enforces
measures regarding placement of gas cylinders,
use of rubber gloves, welding shields, etc., and
guides workers as necessary to achieve desired
finish, size strengths, shape and other factors as
specified. Checks welded or cut part with
appropriate testing and measuring instruments
and gets defects removed or rectified, if
possible. Ensures maintenance of welding sets,
torches, gas cylinders etc., and maintains
scheduled production and discipline in section.
May maintain production and material records
and registers.
7218.20 Supervisor and Foreman, Sheet and
performance of sheet and structural metal
workers, guides them as necessary and ensures
production to required specifications. Studies
drawings and related specifications of sheet and
structural metal work to be done and plans
machine, bench and hand tool operations to
suit working. Explains tasks to be performed
to workers, guides setting of shearing,
handing, rolling, profiling other machines,
sizes required, forming and development to
be made, etc., and working tolerances (limit)
to specified finish at every stage of work.
Supervises and guides workers as required.
Checks lay out joints, forming, profiling,
development, fittings riveting, etc., both
visually and with appropriate testing and
measuring instruments during stages of
production as well as finish, gets defects
removed and ensures correct working. May
get soldering, brazing, welding and other
related operations done, if necessary. May be
WORK etc. according to specialisation or
type of work done.
7218.90 Supervisors, Foremen and Related
Workers in Metal Moulding, Welding,
Sheet Metal Work, Structural Metal
Preparation and Related Trades, other
include workers who supervise and guide
workers engaged in pipe fitting, plumbing,
welding, flame cutting and sheet and
structural metal working operations not
elsewhere classified.
Blacksmiths, tool-makers and related trades
workers hammer and forge bars, rods or
ingots of iron, steel and other metals to make
and repair various kinds of tools, equipment
and other articles, set for operators or set and
operate various machine tools, and polish and
sharpen metal surfaces.
Blacksmiths, hammer- smiths and forgingpress workers draw wire, hammer and forge
bars, rods, ingots and plates of iron, steel or
other metals to make and repair various kinds
of tools, metal articles, pieces of equipment,
agricultural and related implements.
7221.10 Blacksmith; Lohar forges metal to
required shape and size by processes of
heating, bending, hammering etc. Heats metal
in furnace to required degree of temperature.
Places it on anvil holding it with tongs and
forges it to required shape and size by
hammering either himself or by Hammerman.
May use swages, sets from tools, jigs, etc.
according to shape required. May weld by
forging (joining two pieces with brass and
borax by heating), and work by cold process.
Is designated as ANGLESMITH OR
SPRING SMITH if specialised in working on
angle iron or in making springs.
7221.20 Village Blacksmith forges domestic
and agricultural articles, used in villages, by
repeated heating and hammering. Examines
sample for shape and size. Heats specified type
and length of metal in furnace to required
degree of temperature. Places and holds it on
anvil with tongs and gets it hammered or
hammers it himself to desired shape and size
using sets, swages, etc. Punches holes by
heating and hammering. Joins pieces of ferrous
metal by forge-welding (heating two pieces of
steel or iron and hammering them together).
Heats articles frequently and checks it by sight
or with scale, callipers etc., while forging.
May fit metal tyres on cart wheels. May do
simple heat treatment operations. May also
make articles according to instructions.
7221.30 Power Hammer Operator; Forging
Machine Operator forges iron or steel to
required dimensions by heating and hammering
with power hammer. Heats metal red hot and
adjusts it below hammer on anvil with tongs.
Holds it firmly with tongs and operates hammer
by paddle or signals to Leverman to operate
power hammer with required force and
momentum. Turns sides of metal by tongs for
hammering according to requirements. May
heat or get metal heated number of times
according to necessity. May finish article by
himself striking it with hand hammer.
7221.40 Hammerman; Striker hammers iron
and steel to required dimension with sledges
according to direction of Blacksmith. Selects
sledge according to nature of forging and
strikes hot metal hard or light as per direction
of Blacksmith. May also work by cold process.
7221.50 Stamper; Drop Forger shapes
articles from metal pieces by using dies and
drop forging or stamping machine. Sets
required die and punch securely in machine,
heats metal to red hot and firmly places it on
die holding it with long tongs. Signals
Stamper, Helper to bring punch down with
force. Checks formation by sight and adjusts
position of material every time before strike.
Applies oil, saw dust or powdered coal on die
before stamping. May reheat and handle
more than one set of die for completing
article. May also work by cold process in
case of hammer dies and metal sheets.
7221.60 Farrier fits iron shoes to hoofs of
animals such as bullocks, horses, etc., to
protect them from injury and excessive wear
and tear. Removes old shoes and nails from
hoofs of animals and dresses them (hoofs) by
mending and filing. Selects shoes of required
size, rectifies defects if any, and fits them in
hoofs with special types of nails. Ensures
that shoes are not loose and animal does not
get injured in process of fitting shoes. Ties
and immobilises animal before fitting shoes if
necessary. May also make shoes by common
blacksmithy process.
7221.70 Wire Drawer; Block Stripper,
Metal Drawing draws wire through dies to
required specification by operating wire
drawing machine. Selects required die and
fits it in die box. Sets height and alignment of
block. Points one end of wire, feed it into die,
starts machine and watches drawing and
coiling at other end. Rectifies defects in case
of faulty drawing or breakage.
7221.80 Metal Spinner; Spinning Lathe
Operator fashions metal sheet on spinning
lathe into hollow-ware, utensils, and fancy
articles using patterns and spinning tools
studies drawings and other specifications of
article to be made.
Selects appropriate
mandrels. Wooden chuck or mould to make
article. Fastens mould to spindle or lathe.
Measures, marks, and cuts discs from sheet
metal stock and drills hole in each disc using
marking devices, shear and drill press.
Clamps disc to spinning form mounted on
head stock spindle of lathe by forcing follow
block against disc with tail stock (movable
part of lathe). Starts machine. Coats outside
of rotating disc, forcing it to shape of
spinning form, removes completed article
from lathe and repeats process. Smoothes
and trims spun piece with hand tools. May
oil and clean machine. May work on wood
turning lathe and make wooden chucks or
moulds. May cut and prepare appropriate sizes
of metal blanks on machine for use of spinning
lathe. May be designated as ALUMINUM
COPPER SPINNER, according to type of
metal handled.
7221.90 Blacksmiths, Hammer- smiths and
Forging-press Workers, other perform
variety of routine and low skilled tasks not
elsewhere classified, in smithy section such as
operating levers of power hammer, pulling
string of drop forging machine, assisting
Forging Machine Operator in placing material
on anvil or carrying it off and are designated
according to nature of work done such as
Leverman, Stamper Helper, Blacksmith Helper,
Toolmakers and related workers make and
repair tools, sports guns, locks, dies, patterns
and other metal articles, as well as make
engines or machinery components, and parts
thereof, using hand and machine tools to work
metal to fine tolerances.
7222.10 Maker Metal ; Layoutman marks
metal according to drawing or sample for
filing, machining, grinding, drilling, forming,
erecting, etc.
Studies drawings, sketches,
samples, etc., to determine nature of work.
Selects metal such as sheet, blocks, angles,
rods, etc. according to require ment and
specification and applies chalk or copper
sulphate solution on finished surface.
Calculates and marks outline with centre punch
marks on finished surface of metal, indicating
lines, curves or points as per dimensions and
other specifications given in drawing for fitting,
cutting, grinding, drilling, developing, etc.,
using surface plate, angle plates, vernier height
gauge, divider, marking block and other
Checks markings by calculating
dimensions to ensure accuracy of size,
distances etc., using scales, divider, square and
other tools. May use template for making
standard sizes of metal products. May mark
metal components with drawing numbers for
final assembly and erection.
May be
designated as SHEET METAL MARKER,
etc., according to shop and nature of work
7222.20 Tool Maker makes cutting and press
tools, gauges, simple jigs, fixtures, etc.
mainly for use in machines.
drawings, samples and other specifications of
tool or gauge to be made. Selects required
type of metal or alloy and marks it for various
operations, using verneir height gauges, sine
plate, vee blocks, etc. Cuts, files, grinds,
scrapes or otherwise shapes metal to
specified dimensions frequently checking it
while working with measuring instruments
such as micrometre, vernier, gauges, face
plate etc. as necessary. Anneals, shapes,
hardens and tempers cutting tools ensuring
correct cutting angles, clearances, etc.
according to standard or prescribed
Assembles part, finishes
Checks accuracy with precision
measuring instruments and shadow graph if
necessary to ensure desired performance.
Calibrates and adjusts tools and gauges where
required and maintains them in good working
order. Guides brazing of tips to stalks and
finishes them to make tip tools. Is designated
as GAUGE MAKER if engaged in making or
reconditioning gauges.
May repair and
recondition tools for further use. May design
tools, jigs and fixtures and braze and weld
metal parts.
7222.30 Jig and Fixture Maker makes and
repairs jigs and fixtures (device for holding
metal and guiding cutting tools) for mass
production work.
Studies drawing and
checks dimensions and other specifications of
sample to calculate working details. Collects
material, gets surfaces finished by filing or
machining and marks them off. Makes
different parts of required jig or fixture by
cutting, filing, machining, grinding, scraping,
drilling, screwing, etc. and finishes them to
required dimensions. Hardens and tempers
necessary parts or gets them done ensuring
that they do not get demored. Assembles
parts in proper sequence, fits hardened bushes
or parts where specified to guide cutting tools
and checks easy fixing and removing of part
to be machined to ensure operational
efficiency of jig or fixture made. Checks
fitting of jig and fixture at each stage while
assembling to conform to specifications.
Tests completed jig or fixture by trial
operations to ensure operational efficiency and
accuracy in production work. May make
adoptors, pullers etc. for specific purposes.
May machine and grind jig and fixture parts
7222.40 Jig Borer; Jig Boring Machine
Operator sets and operates precision jig boring
machine for making highly accurate holes in
jigs, fixtures, castings, etc. Studies drawings
and other specifications and calculates
locations and sizes of holes to be drilled, pitch
centre distances, etc. Marks or gets metal or
object marked accurately to indicate exact
position of holes to be bored. Sets machine
table and fastens metal or object on it in perfect
level and correct alignment with clamps,
fixtures, jigs, etc., using dial indicators, slip
gauges, optical scale of machine if provided,
sine bars and other precision devices. Fits
centring tool in chuck in machine spindle.
Moves table across and side ways according to
machine reading, locks movements of machine
table taking bearing from finished side of metal
or object, lowers spindle to bring centring tool
exactly over centre of hole to be drilled, notes
table readings, starts machine and drills hole
centre. Raises spindle, replaces centring tool
with pilot drill, sets machine feed and speed,
operates machine spindle and drills, pilot hole.
Changes pilot drill with slightly less than hole
size drill. Drills metal or object and checks
hole with plug gauge for alignment, angle, size,
etc. Fixes dead size (exactly of size of hole to
be made) reamer or boring tool in machine
spindle. Sets feed and speed as necessary and
bores hole to finished size ensuring absolute
accuracy of hole made. Stops and starts
machine and keeps coolant on as required while
working. Unlocks table movement, moves
table sideways and across according to
calculated pitch centre distances of holes,
taking bearing from hole drilled and drills other
holes in similar manner. May drill more than
one hole in same surface in one setting. May
grind tools and oil and clean machine.
7222.50 Die Maker; Die Fitter; Press Tool
Fitter makes metal dies to prescribed
dimension for punching, cutting, forging and
forming of metal or synthetic components for
mass production.
Studies drawing and
specifications of dies to be made. Selects
required type of metal or rough cast metal
block. Machines or grinds one surface and
marks it with template or otherwise to indicate
dimensions and other working details. Cuts
shapes, drill holes and mills metal according
to marking on various machines. Checks
dimensions while working with gauges and
other measuring tools. Finishes made die
(punch) by filing to required dimension and
fits female to it. Files cutting angle and
clearance accurately in female die and checks
for sizes. Drills holes and cuts thread in
female die for driving guide pin and fitting
guide plates. Ge ts male and female dies
tempered and grinds them to finish ensuring
correct shear, cutting angle, clearances, etc.
Sets finished dies in press and cuts or forms
some trial pieces to ensure accuracy and
correct production. May shape female die
block to required angle for fitting it in bolster.
May repair used dies and grind them to
desired finish. May operate lathe, milling
and shaping machines and harden and temper
7222.60 Die Sinker, Hand makes metal dies
in two halves for manufacture of metal and
synthetic components using fine chisels, hand
tools, machine, etc. Studies samples or
drawings of dies to be made. Selects right
type of metal or alloy rough cast blocks. Gets
one surface of each block ground finished.
Marks one block to indicate position, size and
shape of die to be cut. Follows marking and
removes metal with different types of chisels,
scrapers, etc. to form one half of die to be
made. Measures amount of metal removed
frequently while working with depth gauge,
template, foot rule etc. to ensure correct
forming. Transfers markings to other die
block and (forms) and shapes it in similar
manner to form other half of die. Takes lead
casting of complete die formed and measures
it (casting) with calipers, micrometre, etc. for
dimensions. Makes alternations in die halves
if required checks with further lead castings
and ensures that product formed conforms to
prescribed specifications. Gets die halves
tempered and finishes them by grinding. Sets
them in machine and stamps or forges some
trial pieces to ensure correct formation. May
anneal, grind and sink dies again if necessary.
May do primary sinking of dies in vertical
milling machine.
7222.70 Locksmith fits assembles and repairs
locks with finished parts by accurately sizing
comp onents, setting levers rivetting etc.
studies design, sketch or model of lock to be
made. Collects various finished components or
parts and checks for accuracy of fit by
supplementary tooling to remove defects.
Assembles and fits parts in frame and riverts
body to make complete lock. Tests completed
lock for locking and unlocking with appropriate
key. Dismantles defective locks, repairs or
replaces damaged parts and sets them right by
setting or filing levers, rivetting etc. Opens
jammed locks using special scriber to release
levers and springs. May install locks. May
make parts of locks by hand.
7222.80 Pattern Maker Metal, Foundry makes
and repairs metal patterns for making moulds for
casting metals. Studies drawings and other
specification of pattern to be made and
calculates shrinkage allowances. Takes metal
cast roughly to shape or selects metal from stock
and marks it off. Grinds, smooths and other wise
shapes metal to required dimensions keeping
shrinkage allowances in view. Measures object
(pattern) frequently while working with calipers,
foot rule, gauges etc. to ensure correct shape and
size. Assembles pattern parts by screwing,
soldering or otherwise fixing them together.
Checks completed pattern for accuracy using
gauges, micrometre, calipers, etc. and makes
alterations if necessary. May repair broken or
damaged patterns.
7222.85 Armourer; Gunsmith; Fitter Arms
assembles, replaces parts and repairs guns,
rifles, pistols etc, by further tooling as
necessary. Checks complete small arm (gun,
rifle, pistol etc.) or its components such as
stock, barrel, sight, trigger mechanism, firing
pins, ejector etc, for alignment, proper fittings,
grooving, functional operations, condition and
serviceability and locates defects if any.
Dismantles complete arm or defective portion
as necessary and removes dents and defects by
further tooling, brazing etc, or by replacement
of broken or worn out parts. Selects seasoned
walnut, shisam or any other type of appropriate
timber, marks it and makes butt of respective
small arms, if defective, in correct alignment
with sights and barrel by various carpentry
processes. Removes rust if any and cleans
barrel and other parts thoroughly. Assembles
parts one by one in order of sequence with hand
tools ensuring stipulated performance, correct
setting, alignment, rigidity etc. sets back and
fore sights in perfect alignment with muzzle
and stock for different ranges of shooting and
adjusts it correctly by trial shooting at firing
range. Scrapes and polishes outer surface of
barrel, trigger, trigger guard etc. and colours
it by hot or cold gun bluing process. May
personally test arms by trial firing at range to
observe performance and accuracy.
7222.90 Toolmakers and Related Workers,
other include all other Tool Makers engaged
in making special or other types of tools such
as fly cutters, capstan, from tools, etc., by
performing one or more combination of tasks,
not elsewhere classified.
Machine tool setters and setter- operators set
for operators, or set and operate, various
machine tools working to fine tolerances.
7223.10 Tool Setter, General sets various
types of precision metal cutting and grinding
machines for machine operators. Studies
drawings and other specifications of parts to
be made. Fixes metal and cutting tool
accurately in position on machine using
chucks, jigs and other fixtures as required.
Adjusts machine table, guides, stops and
other controls by manual operations ensures
that tool will cut or grind metal according to
specifications. Starts and operates machine
to cut or grind sample product. Checks
progress and accuracy of cutting or grinding
with precision measuring instruments such as
micrometer, vernier, gauges, etc. and makes
necessary adjustments to ensure accuracy of
final product and hands machine over to
operator for production. Charges tools and
resets machine as necessary.
May be
SETTER; SETTER LATHE, etc. according
to type of machine set. May do minor repairs
to machine. May supervise work of machine
7223.20 Tool Setter, Press sets press tools
(die and punch) in power and hand press for
manufacture of sheet metal products.
Examines sample or studies drawings and
specifications of item for production. Selects
appropriate pair of die and punch and
examines them for sharpness, cutting angle,
clearance, etc. Fits punch in punch holder of
machine and securely screws it in position.
Places die on machine table and lowers punch
to fit in die. Adjusts position of die in relation
to punch. Clamps die securely on machine
table with holders, plates, bolts and nuts and
manually operate punch few times to ensure
that it passes clearly through die set. Starts
machine and feeds metal to cut or form trial
pieces. Examines them for correctness in all
respects, resets die if necessary, and hands
press over to operator for production work.
May grind press tools on surface grinder. May
fit guide pin in die to avoid wastage of
material. May fit die in bolster (holding
device) before setting.
May supervise
7223.30 Setter, Drop Forging Machine; Drop
Forge Setter sets dies in forging machine for
blacksmithy work to cut or form heated metal
parts to desired shape. Studies drawing or part
to be made and selects required pair of dies.
Fits top die securely in sliding hammer head of
machine and places bottom die on anvil (base
platform of machine). Lowers top die by lever
or otherwise slowly on bottom die and adjusts
position of bottom die in relation to top die to
have equal clearance on all sides. Sets bottom
die securely on anvil with bolts, clamps, nuts,
plates, etc. and checks for correct setting.
Heats or gets blank or material heated to
required temperature and forges some (two or
three) trial pieces to ensure correct production
and minimum wastage of material. Resets dies
if necessary and hands forge (machine) over to
operator with necessary instructions. May set
rope or belting to lifting device of hammer
May be designated as DROP
SETTER etc. according to type of hammer or
forging machine set.
7223.40 Setter Automatic Machine sets
various types of precision metal cutting tools in
automatic machines for specific repetitive
operations for mass production of metal articles
or components. Studies drawings and other
specifications of metal parts or articles to be
made. Selects appropriate tools and securely
fixes them in automatic machines in order of
sequence of operations.
Fastens metal
accurately in position in machine using chuck,
jig or fixture as required. Starts machine.
Operates different tools manually in order of
sequence to cut metal to required
Checks metal frequently
while cutting with precision measuring
instruments to ensure accuracy and regulates
feed of metal, travel and movement of tools,
etc. by setting locking devices, guides,
automatic and other controls after each
completed operation.
Cuts trial piece
according to settings done to check accuracy
of each operation and cutting of metal to
prescribed dimensions.
Resets controls,
guides, etc.
where necessary to ensure
accuracy. Sets machine feed and speed,
adjusts flow of coolant and hands over
machine to operator with required
instructions for tool manipulations and
operations as necessary. Visits machines
under his charge frequently, checks
production and ensures that products of each
machine are inter changeable and are
manufactured to required specifications.
Guides and resets tools where necessary. May
develop and form new tools for specific
operations and harden and temper them. May
suggest form and type of jig and fixture
7223.90 Machine Tool Setters and Setter
Operators, Other include all other Machine
Tools Setters engaged in setting machines
and tools for specific operation or production
work, not elsewhere classified.
Metal wheel grinders, polishers and tool
sharpeners grind and polish metal surfaces
and sharpen tools.
7224.10 Grinder General grinds and
smoothens metal surfaces to specified
accuracy using one or more type of grinding
Examines drawings and other
specifications of part to be ground. Selects
grinding wheel of appropriate size, shape and
abrasive quality and fastens it on spindle of
machine. Mounts metal part accurately in
position on machine using chucks, jigs,
fixtures or between centres of head and tail
stock of machine as required and sets it
accurately either parallel or at angle in
relation to grinding wheel as specified using
necessary. Adjusts machine table, guides,
stops and other controls to determine
direction and limit of metal and grinding
wheel movements. Selects grinding wheel
speed and starts machine for grinding.
Manipulates hand wheel or sets and starts
automatic controls to bring grinding wheel in
contact with work.
Checks progress of
grinding with measuring instruments and
gauges for accuracy. May balance dress or
change grinding wheel, stone or abrasive. May
oil and clean machine.
7224.20 Grinder, Crankshaft grinds crank
pins and journals of crankshaft accurately to
uniform diameters by special grinding machine
and attachments. Studies drawings and other
specifications of parts to be ground. Fastens
crankshaft accurately in position on machine
using chucks, fixtures, and other devices and
sets portion to be ground, using dial indicator,
marking block or otherwise.
appropriate type and quality of grinding wheel
and fits it on machine spindle. Adjusts guides
stops and other controls to determine limit of
work and grinding wheel movements. Selects
rotation speed of wheel and starts machine.
Manipulates hand wheels of machine and
brings rotating grinding wheel in touch with
crankshaft journal or area to be ground.
Regulates flow of coolant over ground portion.
Observes progress of grinding to prescribed
accuracy and finish.
Stops machine
periodically and checks for accuracy using
micrometer or set gauges. Removes crankshaft
when grinding is over and repeats operations on
other portions as required. May make simple
adjustments to machine. May clean and oil
7224.25 Roll Grinder grinds shafts, rollers,
commutator etc., to accurate finish for various
mechanical purposes by centreless, cylindrical
or universal grinding machine.
drawing and other specifications of parts to be
Selects and mounts appropriate
abrasive wheels on machine. Turns hand wheel
to adjust gap between rims of wheels according
to diameter of part to be ground. Moves levers
to select appropriate speeds for each wheel.
Sets feed guide to guide work into position
between two wheel rims and clamps coil guide
properly to receive work from between wheel
rims. Starts machine and feeds work on to feed
guide or keeps hopper filled with objects that
are automatically fed between wheels.
Observes progress of work and checks
periodically ground parts with micrometer or
gauge to ensure that they conform to prescribed
specifications. May do cylindrical grinding
of parallel, step and taper shafts and internal
bores set between centres or otherwise by
processes of traverse plunge or angular
INTERNAL GRINDER as appropriate.
May set or adjust grinding wheel distance for
different operations. May clean and oil
7224.30 Surface Grinder grinds flat surfaces
of machined metal objects to required finish
and thickness by surface grinding machine.
Studies drawings and other specifications for
nature of grinding operations required.
Selects appropriate grinding wheel and fits it
on machine spindle. Places work in position
on magnetic chuck on the machine. Sets
required speed of grinding wheel and feed of
machine and adjust guides and stops to
control to and fro travel of machine table.
Starts machine and brings grinding wheel
into contact with work. Applies cut and
observes progress of operation.
machine and measure work as necessary to
ensure required accuracy. Removes work
from machine when grinding completed.
May operate horizontal or vertical spindle
surface grinding machine. May oil and clean
7224.35 Thread Grinder finishes accurately
threads of precision bolts, taps etc, by thread
grinding machine. Studies blue print for
pitch and other specifications of threads to be
ground. Adjusts wheel of grinding machine
and dresses grinding wheel to required pitch
and cross-sectional shape of thread to be
ground. Checks ground wheel with gauges to
ensure accuracy. Mounts grinding wheel on
spindle of machine and sets it to required,
grinding operation. Mounts threaded work
piece to be ground on machine and fastens it
Adjusts proper gears in feed
mechanism of machine to give threads
specified pitch. Sets prescribed speed and
feed of machine. Starts machine, and applies
cut by matching ground wheel and thread on
work piece perfectly. Observes operation as
first cut is completed. Stops machine and
returns wheel to original position. Checks
dimensions of finished threads using
measuring instruments and gauges. Makes
adjustments, if necessary, and repeats
operation until thread is properly ground. May
clean and oil machines.
7224.40 Honer grinds internal surface of bores
and cylinders to accurate mirror like finish with
honing machine.
Mounts ground cylinder
accurately in position on machine, using
clamps, jigs and other fixtures.
appropriate honing stick (abrasive tool) and
clamps it on spindle of machine. Aligns
cylinder accurately so that honing tool goes
smoothly inside cylinder bore. Sets machine to
feed and rotate hone at appropriate speed and
starts machine.
Expands tool to required
diameter and manipulates hand wheel to feed
tool into cylinder. Engages automatic feed that
oscillates hone within cylinder and regulates
supply of cutting lubricant over honing tool.
Checks progress of honing as required with
measuring instruments and makes necessary
adjustments to ensure accuracy. Removes
work when honing is completed. May do
internal grinding of cylinders and bores. May
oil and clean machine.
7224.45 Lapper smoothens hardend flat,
cylindrical, spherical or other metal surfaces
mechanically or manually to glossy finish by
rubbing surfaces with fine abrasives. Examines
drawings and other specifications of part to be
lapped and selects appropriate abrasive dust.
Fits lapping wheel and sets object to be lapped
on machine. Applies abrasive dust on metal
surface and wheel and starts machine. Brings
metal objects in contact with lapping wheel or
holds work by hand over lapping wheel and
polishes surface to required finish. Applies
abrasive compound where necessary to attain
high degree of finish. Smoothens or polis hes
surface for set period. Removes metal and
cleans it in special liquids. May do hand
lapping by enclosing object in container and
vigorously rubbing by hand top plate of
container with abrasive compound on metal
surface to attain high degree of polish and
accurate finish.
7224.55 Polisher polishes metal articles such
as household utensils, vases etc. to high finish
on polishing spindle with abrasives and
polishing tools.
Fixes article on suitable
adapter screwed to spindle. Starts motor to
rotate spindle and adjusts article on adapter to
run concentric. Presses fine emery paper on
article to glossen surface. Improves texture and
attains high polish by manipulating polishing
tool against article. May also polish silver
and costly wares with buff for still higher
7224.65 Saw Grinder, Hand sharpens teeth
of different kinds of saws by filing and
slightly bending them in required direction.
Examines dull saw blade and determines
extent of grinding and mending of saw teeth
required. Fixes saw blade of wooden cramp
and grinds each saw tooth individually with
triangular file. Feels sharpness by touch and
bends saw teeth alternately or as designed
using hammer and sawage or special pliers.
May make saws by cutting fresh teeth and
fixing handle in new or used blades.
7224.70 Card Grinder; Top Grinder
(Textile) sharpens and evens wire bristles on
drums (cylinders and doffers) of carding
machine by using grinding rollers. Places
and sets grinding roller on card machine, puts
belts on pulley of grinding roller, connects it
with driving mechanism and starts machine.
Adjusts screws and regulates pressure of
grinding wheels to evenly grind wire bristles
on drum to required sharpness.
7224.80 Metal Bluer imparts blue finish to
metal object to make them resistant and to
improve their appearance. Packs metal
objects in bone or chemical and places them
in furnace. Regulates heat to bring furnace to
desired temperature and ascertains it by
means or pyrometer or otherwise. Removes
metal object from furnace when they have
attained required heat and places them in vats
of prepared chemical solution. Removes
metal objects from chemical bath when
bluing is completed and washes them in oil.
7224.90 Metal Wheel Grinders, Polishers
and Tool Sharpeners, Other include all
other Metal Grinders, Polishers and Tool
Sharpeners engaged in grinding and polishing
appliances and such other items and tools, not
elsewhere classified.
Supervisors, foremen and related workers in
blacksmithy, tool making and related trades
supervise workers engaged in blacksmithy, tool
making and machine tool operations and guide
workers as necessary to achieve correct
Blacksmithy supervises general or mechanised
blacksmithy shop and ensures correct
production. Studies samples or drawing of
metal to be forged or item to be made. Selects
metal as specified and instructs workers on
heating and forging temperatures, sizes to be
made, blocks and dies to be used, etc., as
required. Observes heating, stamping, machine
forging, hand forging and other blacksmithy
operations and guides workers as necessary.
Ensures correct working, sizes forged and gets
defects removed as noticed. Gets furnaces and
machines overhauled and repaired as necessary
and maintains them in proper working order.
Prevents wastage of materials, enforces
discipline and safety measures and serves as
liaison between workers and management.
Maintains prescribed records and registers and
replenishes tools and shop material stock as
May supervise
tempering and other heat treating operations.
7228.20 Supervisor and Foreman, Tool
Making supervises manufactures of jigs,
fixtures, form, cutters, (special type of cutting
tools) , dies, gauges and other tools and ensures
production within prescribed finish and
tolerance. Studies drawings, consults Tool
Engineer, if necessary, and plans lay out of
work. Details workers according to prescribed
tolerance and type of tool to be made and
instructs them on specifications and standard of
work required.
Checks marking, filing,
drilling, machining, grinding, and other
operations according to type of tool being made
and guides workers as necessary. Measures
work at every stage of production with
precision instruments. Suggests operations and
gets defects removed wherever noticed.
Checks completed tool and satisfies himself by
trial operations. Conducts reconditioning and
repairs of used tool and puts them on
production after trial run.
Keeps tools,
machines, equipment and instruments in perfect
working order and checks their efficiency for
precision working from time to time. Maintains
log book and other records and suggests design
or operational modifications where desired.
May design simple tools.
7228.90 Supervisors, Foremen and Related
Workers in Blacksmithy, Tool Making and
Related Trades, other include workers who
supervise workers engaged in blacksmithy,
tool making and machine tool operations and
guide workers as necessary to achieve correct
production not elsewhere classified.
This Family covers occupations not classified
else where in the Group 722 Blacksmiths,
toolmakers and related trades workers.
7229.90 Blacksmiths, Tool Makers and
Related Workers, other perform work by
hand or hand powered machines to bring
metals in to required shape and size by
heating, bending, hammering, etc., and also
shape and fit iron shoes on hooves of animals
not elsewhere classified.
Machinery mechanics and fitters fit, install,
maintain and repair engines, vehicles,
agricultural or industrial machinery, and
mechanical equipment.
Motor vehicle mechanics and fitters fit,
install, maintain, service and repair engines
and the mechanical and related equipment of
motorcycles, passenger cars and delivery
trucks and motor vehicles.
7231.10 Mechanic, Automobile repairs
overhauls and services motor vehicles to keep
them in good running condition. Examines
vehicle to ascertain nature and location of
defects either by running engine or driving
vehicle on road. Dismantles partially or
completely defective unit or parts of vehicle
such as engine, gear box, rear axle, front axle,
stearing assembly, radiator, etc. according to
nature of repairs to be done, using hoist, jack,
pullers, hand tools and other devices.
Measures essential parts like cylinder, bores
piston, sizes crank pins etc. using gauges,
micrometer and other precision tools and gets
cylinders rebored, liners filled, valve seats
refaced, bearings remetalled etc. as
necessary. Repairs or overhauls and assembles
engine by performing tasks similar to those of
Mechanic Petrol or Diesel Engine such as
replacing defective parts, scrapping bearings,
grinding valves, setting timing, cleaning
injectors, tuning carburettor etc. according to
maker's specification. Replaces or repairs
defective parts of gear box, rear axle, stearing
mechanism etc. and sets them right ensuring
correct alignment, clearance, meshing of gears,
specified movements and operations. Relines
and builds brakes, sets wheel alignment, adjust,
steering, clutch, hand brakes etc fits new or
repaired accessories and body parts, makes
electrical connection, and performs other tasks
to effect repairs. Lubricates, joints, tightens
loose parts, tests performance of vehicle by
driving on road and makes necessary
adjustments to attain desired standard. May
assemble complete vehicle from finished
7231.20 Engine Tester, Automobile; Test
Bed Mechanic, Automobile tests performance
of newly assembled automobile engines before
fitting them on chassis. Mounts mo tor on test
bed with hoist and clamps it securely in
position with nuts and bolts.
dynamometer/ alternator to crankshaft of
engine, oil and fuel line, controls, and other
accessories adjusts tappets, starts engine, sets
air-fuel ratio and performs precise tune up
operations. Runs engine for specified period at
different speed and observes performance,
unusual noises knocks, etc. reads and records
temperature, fuel consumption, oil pressure,
compression and power developed at certain
speed and other specification and calculates
torque, B.H.P thermal efficiency etc. Passes
engine to assembly line or reject, it for return to
disassembly. May rectify minor faults or report
faults noticed.
7231.30 Tractor Mechanic repairs and
overhauls tractors by various mechanical
processes for agriculture, constructional and
other heavy duties.
Examines and drives
vehicle on road or runs engine in stationary
position to diagnose troubles and defects.
Dismantles part or complete engine or unit
according to nature of defects. Repairs or
replaces defective parts, reassembles them with
prescribed settings, clearances, timings and
adjustments by further tooling as necessary and
ensures accuracy of fit. Installs assembled or
repaired engine securely in position on vehicle
chassis and connects oil and fuel lines,
controls and other accessories. Starts engine
and observes performance for any unusual
noise and knocks. Adjusts carburettor, fuel
pump (Carburettor for petrol engine and fuel
pump for diesel engine), sets clearance
between tappets and valves, tunes engine,
adjusts brakes, makes electrical connections
and performs other tasks to ensure stipulated
May repair and overhaul
electric motors, fuel pump, carburettor etc. of
engine. May weld, braze or solder parts.
May repair other agricultural machinery for
ploughing, leveling, harvesting etc. and be
7231.40 Fitter, Automobile attends to minor
repairs to motor vehicles under guidance of
Mechanic Automobile. Receives instructions
from Mechanic, Automobile about tasks to
attend. Jacks up vehicle to required height
for repair in convenient position where
Removes nuts and bolts to
dismantle parts such as water pump
assembly, fuel pumps assembly, distributor,
carburettor, sparking plugs, starter motors,
generator, steering gear, brakes, clutch,
transmission and suspension systems, etc.
Grinds valve and decorbonises cylinder head
under guidance of mechanic and changes oil
of engines and transmission system. Tightens
loose parts, lubricates joints, does minor
repairs, replacements and adjustments and
performs simple fitting operations such as
filing, chipping, grinding etc. May work in
workshops or garage. May drive vehicle on
road. May be designated as SERVICE
MECHANIC if engaged in cleaning,
polishing, oiling and greasing vehicles and do
minor routine adjustments as included in
7231.50 Mechanic, Motor Cycle repairs,
services and overhauls motor cycles, autorickshaws, scooters; etc., to make and keep
them roadworthy. Examines motor cycle or
scooter to locate faults by running engine in
stationary position or by driving it on road.
Dismantles parts such as engine, ignition
system, dynamo forks, shock absorbers, gear
box etc., as necessary. Grinds valves, sets
timings, relines brakes, rebushes stearing
mechanism, replaces worn out parts,
assembles gear box clutch etc. and performs
other tasks to effect repair, cleans and sets
carburettor, fits driving chain, wheels silencer,
kick, gear, clutch and brake levers and other
accessories. Adjusts control cables for brake,
clutch and accelerator, sets tappets and wheel
alignment, tightens loose parts and makes
necessary fittings and connections. Changes
engine and gear box oil, starts engine and tunes
it up. Tests performance of vehicle by driving
on road and makes further adjustments to
remove defects noticed if any. May assemble
motor cycle or auto-rickshaws from assembled
7231.60 Cleaner, Motor Vehicle cleans and
lubricates moving parts of motor cars, trucks
and other automatic vehicles and performs
various other related tasks. Fills oil cans,
grease guns with required type of lubricant.
Lubricates vehicles according to charts,
instructions, own judgement or knowledge of
type of vehicle to be lubricated. Injects oil or
grease into various parts of engine or chassis.
Inspects transmission, differential and rearaxle
casing and fills them with grease and oil.
Cleans or replaces clogged or damaged
lubricators. Examines oil levels in gear box,
crankcase, steering box etc., and drains out old
oil and refills them with good oil as required.
Reports apparent defects to Mechanic. May fill
radiator with water/coolant, check and fill
distilled water in battery, tighten loose parts
such as bolts and nuts, repair flat types, mount
tyres on wheel rims, inflate tyres and perform
other related duties as assigned.
7231.90 Motor Vehicle Mechanics, other
perform number of routine and low skilled
tasks in repairing and overhauling motor
vehicles such as removing mudguards, bonnets
etc. to facilitate working, adjusting alternator
and fan belt, assist in bleeding of brakes,
draining gear box and oil pump, removing and
resetting road spring, etc., and are designated as
Motor Mechanic Helper, or Garage Boy
according to nature of work done.
Aircraft engine mechanics and fitters fit,
service, repair and overhaul aircraft engines.\
fuselage, tail, wings, under carriage, fuel tanks,
doors etc. and installs plumbing pulley, pulley
brackets and other airframe structural members
according to approved schedules. Studies
blue print and approved assembly schedules.
supplementary tooling where necessary using
jigs, fixtures and other devices. Ensures
correct fits, assembly, alignment and
clearance according to schedule, using feeler
gauges, micrometer etc. Secures members
temporarily with fasteners, screws or by tack
welding and marks locations for rivet holes.
Drills and countersinks holes in members for
subsequent rivetting, checks operation of
pneumatic and hydraulic systems, locates
defects and rectifies faults. Tests rigging and
satisfactory operation of aircraft control and
ensures airworthiness.
Is designated as
disassembling above parts and reassembling
them after necessary repairs. May rivet parts
together. May replace, repair and modify
passenger galley and toilet structural parts.
May maintain record of parts examined.
7232.20 Mechanic Aircraft Propeller
installs, repairs and sets aircraft propellers
displacement of air. Checks propeller used
on aircraft and ensures recommended
combinations, mandatory modifications and
compliance with Directorate General of Civil
Aviation's requirements. Strips or dismantles
propeller assembly, gets them properly
cleaned and checks them for size, shape, wear
and tear, cracks and fatigue using precision
instruments and other devices according to
set procedure. Assembles propeller with
spares, where necessary, according to
instructions and approved schedules. Checks
fits, clearance, alignment of propeller blades
etc. and carries out balancing of components
of propeller assembly. Gets balancing done
checked and approved by appropriate
authority and installs propeller assembly on
test rig to administer tests and functional
checks such as blade angle, leak check,
microswitch setting etc. as prescribed. May
d o complete over-hauling of constant speed
units and get parts repaired or rectified in
appropriate sections.
7232.30 Engine Tester, Aircraft tests
performance of aeroplane engines by
operating them under controlled conditions,
keeping record of various meter readings
taken at periodical intervals and interpreting
data thus obtained. Prepares engine for tests
run. Dresses and installs engine on tests bed,
using chain hoist and fastens it securely to bed
with clamps and other fixtures. Connects oil
and fuel lines, instruments, controls, and
dynamometer to crankshaft preoils, primes
starts engine according to test run procedure.
Runs it for prescribed period at different
specified speeds, locates defects and rectifies
them. Reads and records speed, temperature,
fuel level, oil pressure, manifold pressure and
other data in log sheet. Calculates performance
of engine at different speeds using slide rule,
standard formula and curves and maintains
data. Makes minor repairs or adjustments to set
engine to required perfection. Maintains test
house equipment and calibrates tests fans.
Slushes engine and preserves for storage.
7232.40 Engine Tester Helper, Aircraft
assists Engine Tester in preparing and
mounting aircraft engine on test bed, and in
starting engine for performance test. Assists
Engine Tester in removing engine to test room
and mounting it on test bed, using hand tools,
trucks, and hoists, connects oil and fuel line,
instruments, controls and accessories. Cleans
tools, performs other duties as directed and
maintains test bed. May assist in rectifying
defects, making adjustments and recording
various test data.
7232.50 Mechanic Aircraft Engine, Field
Service, checks and detects faults, removes
defective parts, engines etc. from aeroplane by
disconnecting wiring and accessories, installs
new or repaired engines and parts and does
final adjustments to prepare plane for test
flights. Inspects and checks engine to locate
defects. Disassembles engine and accessories
such as carburetor, fuel pump starters
generators, ignition hammers, sparking plugs
and other hydraulic and electrical systems.
disconnecting tubing, wiring and accessories,
embolting engine and lifting it from plane with
chain hoist. Replaces or repairs defective or
worn parts and makes necessary accessories
and makes final inspection to ensure they are in
miscellaneous duties to service engine such as
flushing crankcase, clearing strainer screens
and greasing moving parts etc. Installs new or
overhauled engine in airplane, connects all part
and wiring, checks and removes snags as
scheduled and prepares plane for test flight.
May assist Aircraft Maintenance Engineer in
carrying out routine maintenance as per
approved inspection schedule.
7232.60 Mechanic
Overhauling repairs and overhauls aeroplane
Examines engine mounted on
aeroplane and listens to its idle running sound
to detect malfunctioning. Removes engine
from airplane using hoist, necessary tools and
Mounts it on work bench.
Disassembles engine, cleans parts and
examines them to ascertain repairs needed.
Repairs or replaces defective parts and
reassembles engine by setting timings,
clearance, etc. according to manufacturers'
Balances impellers and
incorporates modifications as suggested.
Runs engine to test performance, makes
necessary adjustments to carburettor, and
tunes it up precisely using feeler gauge,
timing discs and other special tool, performs
other talks to service engine, such as flushing
crank case, cleaning strainer screens, greasing
moving parts etc. May specialise in servicing
and overhauling specific aircraft parts or unit
such as carburettor, propellers, landing gears,
wings, fuselage, etc. May operate workshop
machine for drilling, grinding, milling etc.
May keep record of parts examined, repaired
and replaced.
7232.70 Field Mechanic, Aircraft; Field
performance after aircraft had been repaired
in shed and does final settings and
adjustments before and after scheduled hours
of flight. Examines external appearance of
engine and listens to engine sound to detect
malfunctioning. Times and adjusts engine
and replaces parts, such as tyres, wiring,
instruments etc. using necessary tools.
Inflates tyres, fills gasoline tanks and oil
reservoirs, greases moving parts and wipes
motors clean with rags. Starts and warms up
motors and taxis aeroplane into position for
servicing and loading, checks aeroplane
thoroughly before flight according to
schedule, trying brakes, operating controls,
reading instruments, checking vital parts etc.
and ensures that it is absolutely fit for flight.
Undertakes similar checking of aeroplanes
after scheduled hours of flight to assess airworthiness or necessary repairs.
disconnect and remove engine from aeroplane
for overhaul.
7232.90 Aircraft Mechanics, other include all
other workers engaged in assembling and
repairing gliders and aircrafts either in
workshop or airport, not elsewhere classified.
Agricultural or industrial machinery mechanics
and fitters fit, install, examine, service and
repair engines (except motor vehicle and
aircraft engines), agricultural or industrial
machinery and mechanical equipment.
7233.10 Fitter General sizes metal parts to
close tolerances and fits and assembles them
using hand tools for production or repairs of
machines, or other metal products. Studies
drawings to understand specification of
different parts, fittings or assembles to be made
and their functions. Cuts and shapes required
parts dimensions and specifications by
processes of sawing, clipping, filing, grinding,
drilling holes, screw cutting, scrapping etc.,
Assembles parts by revetting, screwing,
pinning etc. So as to make complete unit
according to drawing. Dismantles or removes
worn out, broken or defective parts using hand
tools and replaces them by repaired or new
ones. Tests completed article to ensure correct
performance. May do simple turning, planning
and shaping of parts on machines and perform
welding, brazing, annealing, hardening,
temperating and, like operations.
specialise in particular type of machine or
product and be designated accordingly. May
suggest alterations.
7233.20 Fitter, Bench; Viceman sizes metal
accurately to required dimension by sawing,
chipping, filing, etc, using hand tools for
making specimens or finished components.
Studies drawing or measures sample to record
dimensions of part to be made. Holds specified
material in vice and sizes it by processes of
sawing, chipping and filing. Measures object
while working using foot rule, calipers, gauges
etc. and checks for correct filing with square.
Gets half finished object marked or marks it
himself using face plate, marking block scriber,
vernier, height gauges, vice-blocks, angle plate,
sine plate, slip gauges, combination set, etc,
depending on accuracies required, to indicate
guide lines for finished sizes, holes to be
drilled and pitch centres, threads to be cut and
other working details as specified in drawing
or sample. Clamps object securely in correct
position in vice and files it to required
dimensions according to punch marks and
guide lines frequently measuring it with
clippers, micrometer, vernier, gauges etc,.
Drills holes with hand drill, cuts threads with
taps and dies ensuring that they are square or
at required angle to base. Measure finished
article with dial indicator, micrometer,
vernier, height gauges, screw gauges, plug
gauges, sine plate slip gauge, etc according to
prescribed accuracies.
May make parts
separately and assemble them screws, rivets,
pins, etc. as specified. May check dimension
with shadow graph. May be des ignated as
FITTER TOOL ROOM or Filer according to
nature of work done.
7233.22 Mechanic, Petrol Engine; Petrol
Engine Fitter, locates defects, repairs, and
overhauls stationary petrol engines for correct
performance to drive pumps, generators,
propulsion shafts, etc., checks engine to
locate defects.
Dismantles or partly
dismantles it according to nature of defects
and measures essential parts such as cylinder
bore, crank pins, pistons etc., using cylinder
gauge, micrometer and other appropriate
tools. Gets cylinders rebored, valve seats
refaced and liners filled if necessary. Fits and
taps pistons in cylinders, decorbonises
cylinder head and grinds valves using
appropriate abrasives. Replaces or repairs
worn out or damaged parts and assembles
them, doing supplementary tolling as
necessary to ensure accuracy of fit. Installs
assembled or repaired engine in position, sets
timings, fits accessories, adjusts tappets,
carburettor, fan belt etc. and connects it to
propulsion drive. Starts engine, tunes it
precisely and runs it at prescribed or set
standard making necessary adjustments.
Observes different readings such as
temperature, fuel level, oil pressure etc. for
optimum performance. Checks, adjusts and
lubricates equipment periodically and
performs other operations to keep engine in
good working order. May rebore engine,
reface valve seats, anneal pipes, braze or
solder parts etc.
7233.24 Mechanic, Diesel Engine; Oil Engine
Fitter repairs services and overhauls diesel or
oil engines for efficient performance as prime
mover to drive machinery and equipment.
Examines engine to locate defects, using
various tools and instruments. Dismantles or
partly dismantles it to remove damaged or worn
out parts and replaces or repairs them. Grinds
supplementary tooling and other functions as
necessary to ensure accuracy of fit. Instals
assembled or repaired engine in position and
connects pulley or wheel to propulsion system.
Starts engine, tunes it up and observes
performance noting different meter readings
such as temperature, fuel level, oil pressure,
etc. and sets it to specified standard for
optimum performance. Checks, adjusts and
lubricates engine periodically and performs
such other functions to keep engine in good
working order. May solder or braze parts and
service diesel fuel pumps and injectors.
7233.25 Mechanic Marine (Diesel Engine)
executes works to sufficiently accurate
requirements on board of vessel and able to do
all the hand fitting jobs which otherwise require
machinery etc., in a workshop. Repairs,
services and overhauls engines and accessories,
boats, ships, etc., fitted with diesel engine upto
150 H.P. himself and above150 H.P under the
guidance of the Marine engineer. Examines
marine diesel engines to locate defects, using
various tools and instruments, dismantling of
the marine engines partly or fully to remove the
damaged or worn out parts and replacing or
repairing the worn out parts, doing
supplementary cooling and other functions as
necessary to ensure accuracy of fit. Installs,
assembles or repairs marine diesel engines in
position and connects the auxiliary and
attached machinery like propulsion system,
pully or winch or gear box. Separates the
engine, tuning in to, observe the parts, records
the temperature, fuel level, oil pressure, etc.
and reads instruments like micro meter, vernier,
pyrometer, etc., and takes readings of the wear
in shaft bearings, piston rings, etc., can apply
chock fast, araldite, epoxy resin and metalistic
compounds on board the vessel for aligning the
engine shaft, mounting, etc. Executes
emergency repairs, routine maintenance,
periodic checks, assemble and dismantle turbo
charges including exhaust driven high speed
turbo charges. Able to identify, rectify defects
of the lagging. Attends to the minor defects and
adjustments of sea water, fresh water,
lubricating oil transit pumps in the engine
rooms. Attends to repairs of heat exchanges
and setting them all to optimum working
condition. Performs duties like checking and
adjusting the lubricating system, alongwith
lubricating of oil cooling system. Lubricates
the engine, identifies critical conditions and
emergency requirements and also performs
such other functions to keep the engines and
allied accessories in good working condition,
knows the servicing of diesel pumps and
injectors, etc.
7233.26 Mechanic, Gas Engine checks,
adjusts, repairs and overhauls gas engines to
ensure desired performance.
engine to check supply of gas, ignition
system, exhaust pipe, crank bearings etc., to
locate causes of defective operation.
Dismantles part or complete engine according
to nature of defects, repairs or replaces
defective and worn out parts and reassembles
engine with prescribed settings, timing and
adjustments by further tooling as necessary,
checks entire lubrication system, ensure
requisite flow of oil and lubricates all points.
Turns engine to check compressions, ensures
correct operation of compression release
lever and starts engine.
performance and makes further settings and
adjustments if necessary to ensure correct
operation. May repair air or gas compressors
and gas producer plant.
Machinery repairs, services and overhauls
earth moving machines such as Bull-dozers,
scraper, dumpier, power-shovel, dredger,
instructions for dismantling and repair work.
Examines and drives vehicle to locate
defects. Sets right minor defects by cleaning,
resetting and adjusting carburettor, fuel
pump, injector, plugs, fuel line, electrical
circuits etc. Dismantles part or complete
engine or defective unit according to nature
of defects and replaces or repairs damaged
and worn out parts. Assembles repaired unit
or engine, sets timings, clearances etc. and
makes necessary adjustments according to
specifications by doing supplementary
tooling as necessary to ensure accuracy of it.
Fits accessories, components and frame to
7233.30 Mechanic, Road-Roller repairs and
overhauls engine transmission system, chassis
components and accessories of light or heavy
road roller to ensure efficient performance.
Inspects and tests road rollers to locate defects.
Dismantles engine and other sub-assemblies,
partly or completely according to nature of
defects. Repairs or replaces damaged parts of
performing simple machine and fitting
operations where required. Checks condition of
engine parts such as piston, rings, valves, steam
whistel, reversing gear, auto-positive injector in
steam engine or plunger, governor, atomiser etc.
in case of diesel engine and replaces damaged
parts. Refits or assembles components or unit,
sets timings, fuel injection, clearances etc. and
tests performance. Changes oil in engines and
transmission systems and lubricates running
parts and joints. Tightens loose parts, makes
necessary adjustments and performs other tasks
to keep vehicle in good working condition.
Runs engine or drives vehicle on yard to check
and ensure that all mechanical systems are
functioning properly. May braze, solder and
weld parts. May drives vehicle on road. May
specialise in diesel or steam road rollers.
7233.32 Mechanic, Turbine; Fitter, Turbine
reports irregularities, removes defects and
overhauls turbines under guidance of Electrical
Engineer or Mechanical engineer Maintenance
Dismantles turbines and their components
according to manufacturer's instructions using
hoisting equipment under guidance of
Electrical/Mechanical Engineer, examines parts
for any damaged or defects and repairs or
replaces damage parts by filing, chipping,
drilling, grinding, scraping etc., as necessary.
Checks level, alignment etc, and changes
bearings, shafts and related parts of generator
where necessary. Refits parts ensuring correct
adjustments, clearance, function level alignment,
etc., as per manufacturer’s instructions. Starts
turbine and observes performance by watching
and listening to unusual sounds, leakage,
knowks etc. and reports defects to superiors for
rectification. May connect water/steam channel
from penstock/steam pine to turbine for flow of
water/stream at high pressure to drive turbine
blades. May operate turbine. May repair and
service mechanical equipment in power house.
May oil and grease lubricating points of plant
(turbo alternator or turbo-generator) and
equipment. May erect turbine alternators or
generators under guidance of Mechanical or
Electrical Engineer in power houses.
7233.34 Mechanic, Stationary Steam Engine
repairs, services and overhauls steam engine
for correct performance. Examines steam
pipes, joints, valves etc. to ascertain nature and
location of defects and dismantles them partly
or wholly as necessary to remove damaged or
worn out parts. Replaces or repairs damaged
and worn part by remitting, filling, grinding
and scraping etc, and measures them for size
to ensure functional accuracy.
alignments with gauges and spirit level and
assembles parts and complete unit doing
supplementary tooling as necessary to ensure
accuracy of fit. Tests reassembled equipment,
sets valves, adjusts control and makes
necessary adjustments. Starts engine, observes
gauges and meters to ascertain engine
performance, balances etc. and makes further
adjustments if necessary. Checks, adjusts
lubricates working parts, tightens loose parts
and performs other servicing tasks periodically
to keep engine in good running condition.
Reports to Mechanical Engineer of any service
defects noticed for rectification. May keep
record of parts examined and engine
May erect and install
May operate or drive steam
7233.36 Mechanic Maintenance (Chemical
Plant); repairs and overhauls chemical plant,
machinery and equipment periodically and on
break downs to maintain them in efficient
operating condition.
Studies methods of
processing of raw material to finished
products. Examines plant and equipment to
locate faults and removes minor defects on
spot. Reports major defects and break downs
to Chemical Engineer and dismantles defective
unit as directed with necessary precaution,
using hand tools, adopter, twists etc, as
necessary. Replaces or repairs defective parts
and components by remetalling, filling,
berazing, etc. as required and reassembles unit
according to specifications with prescribed
precautions particularly for explosive, gas acid
and other chemical plants, ensuring correct
alignment clearance, valve operations,
adjustments, flow of material operational
functions and other necessary details. Tests
assembled unit for proper performance, makes
further adjustments, if necessary and gets
assembled if examined by appropriate authority
before handing over to production. Checks,
adjusts and lubricates equipment periodically or
gets it done and performs other tasks to maintain
plan in proper working order. May maintain
records of parts examined, repairs done,
replacements made and plant performance. May
erect and install equipment under guidance of
chemical engineer.
7233.38 Mill Wright; Mechanic Maintenance,
General repairs and overhauls workshop
machines and equipment periodically and on
break downs to maintain them in working
condition. Examines machines and equipment
to ascertain nature and location of defects.
Dismantles unit partly or completely using hand
tools, adopters, twists, dollies, roller etc., as
necessary, at spot or after shifting to mill wright
section according to nature of defects and
removes damaged and worn out parts, Obtains
replacements or repairs defective parts by
remetalling, chipping, machining, filing,
scraping, drilling, screwing, grinding etc and
assembles them with supplementary tolling as
necessary ensuring accuracy of fit, alignments,
prescribed clearances and functional efficiency.
Tests reassembled equipment and makes
necessary adjustments. Installs machines and
equipment in correct position and aligns power
shifting and pulleys using plumbs bobs, thread
line spirit level etc, as necessary. Checks,
adjusts and lubricates equipment periodically or
directs helper to do so and maintains them in
working order. May work in various industries
on plant and equipment peculiar to those
industries. May specialise in repairing particular
types of machines or equipments in premises.
7233.40 Mechanic Pump repairs all types of
pumps such as centrifugal, plunger types etc.,
according to specifications for pumping water,
oil, air etc., Dismantles pump using hand tools
and examines mechanism to locate faults or
damage, Repairs defective parts or obtains
replacements, sets them in position and
assembles pump. Tests reassembled or repaired
unit for pressure, leakage etc., makes necessary
adjustment and observes performance for
appropriate yield of air, oil or water. May erect
and install pumps at site and connect to motor
power. May locate faults to electric system
motor repaired such as rewinding of field coils
or armatures by Electrician or Armature Winder.
May specialise in repairing centrifugal or
reciprocating pumps.
7233.42 Mechanic, Dairy Maintenance
repairs and services dairy equipment to
maintain them in working condition. Repairs
and services bottle and can-washers, soakers,
butter and cheese packing and sealing
equipment, pasteurizers milk evaporators, etc.
replaces defective wiring, burnt fuses, worn
switches and connects electric motors.
Repairs and installs pumps, fits water and gas
pipes and repairs leaky joints by general fitting
operation, using hand tools or by simple
welding, as necessary. May clean and re assemble refrigeration units, regulate boiler
supply pressure and mend leaky steam pipes
and joints by simple welding.
7233.44 Mechanic, Mining Machinery
repairs services and overhauls drilling,
scraping, cutting, winding, hoisting and other
mining machinery for correct performance.
Get, defective machine or equipment removed
from surface or underground working place to
repair section, using slippers, roller, hoists etc.
as necessary. Examines faulty equipment to
ascertain nature and location of defects.
Dismantles equipment partly or completely to
remo ve damaged and worn out parts. Repairs
parts by various mechanical processes such as
remetalling, filing, chipping, scrapping,
grinding etc. or obtains replacements.
Assembles parts, doing supplementary tooling
as necessary and ensures correct fit,
movement, clearance, adjustments, functional
operations etc, as specified. Tests reassembled
equipment making necessary adjustments for
optimum performance. Checks, adjusts and
lubricates equipment periodically or gets it
done and performs other tasks to keep
equipment in good working order.
undertake minor repairs at working place.
May weld, braze or solder parts.
7233.46 Mechanic, Textile Machinery
repairs services and overhauls weaving,
spinning, hosiery and other textile machines
and equipment to ma intain them in working
order and ensure correct performance.
Examines equipment to locate defects.
Dismantles equipment partly or completely
according to nature of defects and removes
damaged or worn out parts. Repairs defective
parts, if possible, by various mechanical
processes such as remetalling, rivetting, filing,
Assembles parts doing
supplementary tooling as required to ensure
accuracy of fit and specified functions. Tests
reassembled equipment and makes necessary
adjustments for required performance. Checks,
adjusts and lubricates equipment periodically or
gets it done and performs such other tasks to
keep machinery in good working order. May
keep record of parts examined and equipment
performance. May weld, braze and solder parts.
May erect and install textile machinery and
equipment. May operate lathes, milling and
planing machines and perform general fitting
work. May specialise in particular type of
textile machinery such as carding, spinning,
weaving, sizing etc.
7233.48 Mechanic, Printing Machinery
repairs, services and overhauls printing
machinery such as linotype, monotype, rotary,
letter press etc, for efficient performance.
Examines faulty equipment to ascertain nature
and location of defects. Dismantles equipment
partly or completely to remove damaged or worn
out parts using hand tools, hoist etc.
necessary. Repairs parts by filing, grinding etc.
or obtaining replacement.
Assemble parts,
doing supplementary tooling such as filing,
drilling, grinding etc. as necessary and ensures
accuracy of fit. Operates and tests reassembled
machine, makes necessary adjustments and
ensured that types are uniform and it is running
to specified accuracy. Checks, adjusts and
lubricates equipment periodically or gets it done
and performs other tasks to keep it in good
working condition. Ensures that lead casting
chamber, type casting unit and plunger
mechanism of unit are functioning properly to
cast type of required specification. May remove
heavy machines and machine units from
assembly line using hoisting equipment for
heavy repair. May operate printing machines
on job work. May specialise in servicing
particular type of printing machines such as
mono-casting, line casting, rotary press, treadles,
binding machines etc. May keep record of parts
examined and equipment performance. May be
designated according to machine on which
engaged such as MONOTYPE, LINOTYPE,
7233.50 Mechanic Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Unit installs and repairs
refrigeration or air conditioning plant by
replacing defective parts, re-seating valves,
refitting coils, insulting, requiring electrical
connections, soldering etc.
Installs at site
assembled air conditioning unit and
connections and making changes to units as
necessary to attain desired results. Examines
faulty equipment to ascertain nature and
location of defects. Dismantles equipment
partly or completely according to nature of
defects to remove damaged or worn out parts.
Replaces or repairs defective parts. Replaces
or repairs defective parts to units by re-seating
valves, refitting coils, reinsulating system, etc.
over hauls units and reassembles them after
cleaning components and replacing defective
or worn out parts of pumps, compressors,
motors, etc., Removes faulty sealed units or
sub-units of refrigerators or air conditioning
plants and obtains replacements. Conducts
vacuum and pressure test of pipe lines and
charges system with fresh refrigerant. Sets
plant to desired cooling conditions, prevents
leakage and ensures attainment and
maintenance of required temperature. Gets
burnt out motors or generators repaired by
Electrician or Electrical Winder and installs
repaired ones to plant giving necessary
electrical connections.
May work in ice
factory, cold storage plants, specialised air
conditioning units or domestic refrigerators.
7233.52 Mechanic Sewing Machine; Sewing
Machine, Repairman examines, adjusts
repairs and services sewing machines for
proper performance.
Examines faulty
machines to ascertain nature and location of
Dismantles machine partly or
completely to remove damaged and worn out
parts. Repairs defective parts or obtains
Assembles parts and tests
machine for desired performance by making
necessary adjustments of position of screws,
nuts, levers, needle bar, rockers, etc. Stitches,
trial piece of cloth and makes further
adjustments, if necessary. Cleans and oils
machine periodically for smooth performance.
May specialise in overhauling and repairing
domestic and power driven commercial and
industrial sewing machines.
May visit
residences or premises to repair domestic
sewing machines at spot.
7233.55 Lamp Repairman, Mines Lamp
Cleaner/ Mines; Lamp Fitter, repairs, tests,
cleans and changes safety lamp used
underground by miners. Checks safety lamp
parts such as gauge, chimney, glass, wick,
asbestos washer and fuse, head ring, cables,
etc., in case of electric safety lamp for defects.
Repairs or replaces parts and tests lighted lamp
for safety by blowing round top and bottom of
gauge and glass to ensure that flame is not
exposed. Cleans safety lamps by holding them
against felt lined rotating wheel, adds chemicals
and changes small batteries after each shift.
Issues lamps locked and lighted to miners and
receives them back on return. May keep record
of number of men underground by number of
lamps issued.
7233.58 Mechanic, Repairman, Domestic
Appliances services and repairs all types of
small machinery and mechanical appliances
generally in domestic use by replacement and
repairs of worn or damaged parts to ensure
correct performance. Examines small machines
and appliances such as heaters, gysers, coffee
grinders, gramophones, pressure cookers, stoves
etc. to ascertain nature & location of defects.
Dismantles equipment partly or completely to
remove or replace damaged or worn out parts.
Repairs defective parts by setting washers,
filing, soldering, rivetting etc. or obtains
Assembles parts to make
complete unit ensuring accuracy of fit by
supplementary tooling as necessary.
reassembled equipment and adjusts nuts, screws
etc. as necessary to ensure its correct
performance, fits assembly frames or structures,
installs appliances in premises and gives power
or water connections. Checks, cleans, adjusts
and services equipment periodically to maintain
them in working order. May specialise in
repairing particular type of machine or
equipment. May work in workshop, factory,
outdoor station or at customer's residence.
7233.60 Fitter, Stationary Steam Engine fits
and assembles parts according to manufacturer's
instructions and assists Mechanic steam Engine
in his work. Examines drawings and other
specifications, checks parts for flaws and
accuracy of fit using gauges, micrometers and
other measuring instruments and removes
defects by chipping, filling, scraping, grinding,
drilling and other supplementary tooling as
necessary. Assembles parts as directed using
screw drivers, pliers, spanners etc.
completed equipment and makes necessary
adjustments under guidance of Mechanic Steam
Engine. May oil and lubricate engine parts.
May braze and solder parts and assist in
installing equipment.
7233.62 Fitter, Marine repairs, services and
overhauls engines and accessories of ships,
boats etc., under guidance of MARINE
ENGINEER. Examines drawings and other
specifications. Checks and measures parts for
flaws and other accuracy of fit using gauges,
micrometers etc., and removes defect by
chipping, filing, scraping, grinding and does
other supplementary tooling as necessary.
Assembles engines and auxiliary machinery in
position using hoisting equipments and other
tools. Tests completed assembly and makes
necessary adjustments, Dismantles partly or
completely such machinery in ship as
propelling machinery, steam diesel or electric
auxiliaries, pumps, cargo-handling machinery
anchore-handling gear, ventilating and fire
fighting equipment, steering gear etc., removes
and replaces worn or damaged parts and
reassembles them as per drawings under
guidance of Marine Engineer using hand and
portable tools. Instals below deck auxiliaries
such as evaporators, stills, heaters, pumps,
condensers and boilers and connects them to
steam pipe systems.
Tests and inspects
installed machinery and equipment during
dock and sea trials and removes defects, if
any. May attend to minor electrical defects.
May assist in keeping watch on engine, boiler
and other machinery and assist in their
7233.63 Fitter Railwlay, Carriage and
Wagon checks repairs and sets various metal
parts and units of railway coaches and wagons
to locate damage or worn out parts. Strips off
wooden and metal fixtures, removes outer
shell or coach and places it on wooden block
using hoisting equipment. Removes undercarriage frame, bogey, wheel assembly,
vacuum units, springs, buffers etc, as required.
Gets bogey completely cleaned by Khalasis,
examines it for damages, cracks etc. and
replaces cross members damaged and worn
out parts of body using hand tools. Checks
pivot pins, side bearings, etc. to set and
maintain necessary clearances.
condition of springs, brake fittings, buffers,
etc. and repairs or replaces worn out and
damaged ones. Tests vacuum unit for vaccum
pressure over testing machine, changes
defective parts and resets them. Cleans and
inspects wheel bearing and replaces them
where necessary. Gets wheel machined, faced
and tyre set and refits wheel assembly using
new parts such as keyways, guides, space bars,
etc. Examines condition of coach work and
replaces worn or corroded frames with new
ones. Fits various fittings to coaches such as
doors, windows, lamp and fan brackets, locker,
water closet fittings, places repaired or
overhauled coach over bogey using overhead
crane, fastens and fits bogey to coach by
tightening bolts, nuts space bar, connecting rods
etc. and aligns and fits metal frame and doors to
wagons. May specialise in erection of new
coaches or wagons or in conducting their
periodical overhauling. May attend to repairs of
coach and wagon buffers, vacuum brakes etc.
May keep record of parts examined.
7233.64 Fitter, Loco repairs locomotives and
sets them to working condition according to
instruction and guidance of Loco Foreman
Examines drawings and other specification,
checks parts for defects and accuracy of fit,
using gauges, micrometers and other measuring
instruments, Dismantles units and components
partly or completely to remove damaged or worn
out parts and repairs them or obtains
Assembles parts, doing
supplementary tooling as necessary to ensure
accuracy of fit.
Uncouples all parts and
mechanism from wheel assembly fitted to
engine chassis or frame to get boilers mounted
on frame free from wheels. Directs Crane
Operator to lift and places engine frame along
with boiler over wooden stand or blocks. Sends
wheel assembly and connected parts to machine
shop for repairs or reconditioning of wheels,
cross bars etc. Unscrews nuts and bolts and
removes all boiler mounting such as safety
valve, gland steam fountains, whistle pipes,
smoke box fittings etc. Unscrews nuts and bolts
and removes all boiler mounting such as safety
valve, gland stem fountains, whistle pipes,
smokes box fittings etc, Lifts boiler from frame
by crane and sends it to boiler section for repairs
and servicing. Examines engine frame for
damage, cracks and other defects and marks area
for welding, rivetting etc. as required. Checks
piston, valves, cylinder etc. and gets cylinder
bored to specific accuracy.
Repairs valve
assembly, fits new rings and assembles all parts
and units according to specifications under
guidance of Loco Supervisor/Foreman . Tests
reassembled parts, units for components and
makes necessary adjustments. Checks, adjusts
and lubricates parts and joints periodically or
directs helpers to do so and performs other tasks
under guidance of Loco Foreman to keep loco
engine and equipment in good working order.
May keep record of parts examined and
equipment performance. May specialise in
steam or diesel engine. May specialise in
repairing, servicing and overhauling of
particular units or components.
7233.65 Loco Cleaner; Cleaner Railway
cleans loco engines and performs allied tasks
in loco-shed. Cleans engine and its parts using
waste cotton and kerosene oil. Applies white
chalk or lime stone solution on cleaned parts
and strikes with hammer to check cracks if
any. Moves engine backward or forward with
help of crow-bars and turns it by pushing it on
mechanical device when required. Lights up
firebox, shovels coke in it. Drops fire by
shaking handle of fire-grate or operating lever
in engine and performs other tasks as guided.
May oil and lubricate engine parts. May be
designated as ENGINE LIGHTER if engaged
only in lighting up engine boiler and as FIREDROPPER, ENGINE if engaged in dropping
fire from firebox of engine after completion of
7233.66 Fitter, Bicycle: Cycle Repairer
perambulators etc. by replacements, setting
and adjusting parts to keep them in good
working condition.
Examines bicycle to
ascertain nature and location of faults.
Dismantles bicycle partly or completely to
remove damaged and worn out parts. Repairs
defective parts or obtains replacements and
refits components in order of sequence,
Adjusts brakes, driving chain mechanism,
wheels, handle bars etc. for correct alignment.
Fixes attachments such as saddle, bells,
luggage carrier and lamp to assembled cycle
and tests performance on road. Cleans, oils
and greases moving parts; patches punctures in
tubes and repairs tyres. May cut threads where
necessary with taps and dies.
7233.70 Fitter, Signal: Mechanical and
Electrical Signal Maintainer (Railways)
tests, over hauls and installs all mechanical
and electrical signal equipment other than
interlocking and station master's slide control
frames and maintains them in working order to
prevent failure and detention of rail traffic.
Issues disconnection notices, as prescribed for
repairs and adjustments. Attends to all failures
of signal mechanism, locates and rectifies
defects expeditiously, removes jamming of
locking device by oiling, taping or other
external means without opening cover and takes
appropriate measure to prevent recurrence.
Tests facing point, locks detectors, electrical
points and signal mechanism regularly while on
maintenance rounds and ensures that cover, of
locking boxes of station masters slide control
room are not removed except in presence of
Signal Inspector. Cleans signal glasses, checks
focus of signal and colour lights periodically,
sets and keeps them correctly focussed and
ensures that they are properly maintained,
batteries cleaned and charged periodically at
regular intervals and no one does any repairs or
adjustments without his guidance. Undertakes
new installation and carries out alterations and
modification under guidance of Signal Inspector.
programmes to Station Maters concerned, and
maintains necessary records such as failure
book, inspection book, muster roll attendance
register, material indented and received etc.
Prevents wastage and guides and controls men
placed under him. May specialise in electrical
or mechanical and signal equipment.
7233.80 Agriculture Engineering Technician
maintains, services, repairs or overhauls
different farm equipment such as Tractors,
Power tillers, Sprayers, Drillers, etc. Receives
instructions from Senior Engineers. Studies
standing duty chart, sketches, blue prints, etc.
and decides methods of work to be adopted.
Draws necessary stores, examines their
suitability, issues them to respective workers.
Instructs and guides his subordinates on
machines and tools to be used, accuracy
required, process of work and other details to
ensure correct repairs or overhauling. Checks
completed work, makes necessary adjustments
or replacements. Guides farmers in proper use
and upkeep of farm equipments. Lends machines
on hire to farmers. Sells spare parts of farm
machinery and implements. Prepares contour
maps by taking levels and plane table surveying.
Examines land and prepares estimates for
reforming the land to make it suitable for
cultivation. Prepares plans for field channels for
surface and sub-surface drainage. Provides
bench terraces in hill areas and guides
installation of sprinkler irregation equipments
and accessories. May design and fabricate
agricultural machinery. May also sell pesticides
and fertilisers.
7233.90Machinery Mechanics and Fitters,
other perform number of routine and low skilled
tasks in overhauling and repairing engines,
pumps machines, etc., (other than Electrical
and Precision Instruments) such as dismantling
adjusting parts and are designated as
Refrigeration Mechanic Helper, Maintenance
Mechanic Helper, etc. according to type of
work done.
Supervisors and foremen and related workers
in machinery repair and fitting supervise and
guide workers engaged in fitting, assembling,
overhauling and repairing of precision
instruments (except electrical), type writers,
motor vehicles, aircrafts etc., and ensure their
efficient performance.
Machinery Fitting and Repairing supervises
fitting, assembling, overhauling and repairing
of workshop and other machines and
equipment and ensures stipulated performance.
Examines machine, if necessary, by actual
operation, and locates defects. Studies part of
assembly drawings and explains details of
assembly or repair work to be done to workers,
conducts work step by step, gets defective and
unserviceable parts repaired to replaced as
necessary and ensures proper performance of
each unit assembled or repaired. Checks
performance of completed machine or
equipment for work efficiency, accuracy,
rigidity, etc., and gets operational snags
removed, if any. Undertakes periodical repairs
and overhauling of machines as scheduled and
maintains them in working condition. Takes
necessary steps during breakdown to get
machine repaired or removed within least
possible time ensuring minimum dislocation of
work. Maintains repairing, overhauling and
breakdown registers as prescribed. May install
machine and undertake structural work.
7238.20 Supervisor and Foreman, Motor
Vehicle Repairing takes charge of fleet of
vehicles and maintains them in road running
order. Organises work and details of workers
according to nature of repairs, overhauling or
servicing to be done. Gets vehicles removed
dismantled and examined in respective areas
and determines faults and repairs to be done.
Prepares replacement and repair estimates and
gets them approved, if necessary. Conducts
repairs or replacements of defective parts, either
personally or through other agencies as required.
Supervises fitting, assembling, tuning, brakes
bleeding, servicing and related tasks unit by unit
as appropriate and ensure correct engine and
road performance by actual tests.
upholstery, body fitting, painting, polishing, and
like tasks done, if desired. Maintains necessary
records and registers and submits prescribed
returns and accounts. May supervise repairs and
overhauling of particular assembly (part) or
complete vehicle.
May be designated as
supervising only servicing and running repairs
of vehicles.
7238.30 Supervisor and Foreman, Aircraft
Repairing supervises repairing and overhauling
of aircrafts and ensures them to be airworthy.
Examines aircraft before and after flight and
determines nature of repairs and adjustments to
be done. Details aeromechanics to carry out
necessary repairs under his guidance and ensures
airworthiness of repaired aircraft before handing
over for further flight. Gets aircraft removed to
hanger after scheduled hours of flight or on
major breakdown for dismantling, thorough
checking, complete overhauling, replacement of
worn out and defective parts, necessary
adjustments, etc. according to prescribed
schedule. Guides repairs of engines, fuselage,
landing gears and other major units and
electrical systems according to specialisation,
tasks entrusted or section in which posted and
ensures their stipulated performance and
airworthiness before reassembling. Calculates
data, checks engine horse power, prepares
sketches and performs other tasks as may be
required to ensure correct working. Maintains
records and registers and submits prescribed
returns. May train workers. May be designated
according to nature of work done or section
7238.90 Supervisors and Foremen and
Related Workers in Machinery Repair and
Fitting, Other include workers who supervise
and guide workers engaged in fitting,
assembling, overhauling and repairing of
precision instruments (except electrical), type
writers, motor vehicles, aircrafts etc., and ensure
their efficient performance not elsewhere
Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics
and fitters fit, adjust, install and repair
electrical and electronic equipment such as
computer hardware, sound and image
recording and telecommunications systems,
and construct, install and repair electrical lines
and joint cables.
Electrical mechanics and fitters fit, adjust,
install and repair electrical machinery and
other electrical apparatus and equipment in
buildings, factories, workshops, or other
7241.10 Mechanic Precision Instrument
Electrical; Meter Repairer, Electrical
repairs and sets electrical parts of precision
instruments such as megger, voltmeter,
ammeter, condensers, galvanometers, etc., to
high accuracy for recording correct readings
by reviving, replacements and necessary
diagrams and other specifications and
examines instrument visually to locate any
apparent loose connection, short circuits etc.
Dismantles instrument using insulated screw
drivers, pliers, special spanners etc., and
checks components, insulation wiring, fittings
and other features with precision mechanical
and electrical measuring instruments to locate
wear and tear, short circuits and other defects.
Cleans necessary or any fluid used in
instrument and their various parts using
special brushes. Checks gear shell, bearing
jewels and other operating parts and repairs or
replaces worn out and damaged ones.
Assembles parts, replaces insulation and
makes electrical wiring and connections
according to diagram and prescribed
specification. Examines assembled or repaired
instrument by standard tests, makes necessary
adjustments and ensures correct reading and
desired performance within prescribed limits.
Seals cut-outs, meters etc to avoid
May wind coils, set new
resistance and perform other electrical
functions, if required.
7241.20 Electrical Fitter fits and assembles
electrical machinery and equipment such as
motors, transformers, generators, switchgears,
fans etc., Studies drawings and wiring diagrams
of fittings, wiring and assemblies to be made.
Collects prefabricated electrical and mechanical
components according to drawing and wiring
diagrams and checks them with gauges, megger
etc, to ensure proper function and accuracy. Fits
mechanical components, resistance, insulators,
etc., as per specifications, doing supplementary
tooling where necessary.
Follows wiring
diagrams, makes electrical connections and
solders points as specified.
Checks for
continuity, resistance, circuit shorting, leakage,
earthing, etc, at each stage of assembly using
megger, ammeter, voltmeter and other
appliances and ensures stipulated performance
of both mechanical and electrical components
filled in assembly. Erects various equipments
such as bus bars, panel boards, electrical posts,
fuse boxes switch gears, meters, relays etc, using
non-conductors, insulation hoisting equipment
as necessary for receipt and distribution of
electrical current to feeder lines. Installs motors,
generators, transformer etc, as per drawings
using lifting and hoisting equipment as
necessary, does prescribed electrical wiring, and
connects to supply line. Locates faults in case of
breakdown and replaces blown out fuse, burnt
coils, switches, conductors etc, as required.
Checks, dismantles, repairs and overhauls
electrical units periodically or as required
according to scheduled procedure. May test
coils. May specialise in repairs of particular
equipment manufacturing, installation or power
house work and be designated accordingly.
7241.30 Adjuster, Relays tests and adjusts
relays (electrical equipment) used for controlling
flow of electric current. Sets relay on testing
table, checks flow of current, insulation and
condition of various components and repairs or
replaces defective parts. Cleans, aligns and
measures gap between contact points and sets
clearance to specified standard by tightening or
loosening adjustment screws, nuts and bolts, sets
tension of relay springs, and connects new or
adjusted relay to test board. Switches on,
records flow of current by meter reading and
adjusts spring tension and gap between relay
contacts to flow. Maintains record and cleans
relay periodically. May wind primary and
secondary coils.
7241.40 Armature Winder winds and repairs
armatures, field coils, etc. of motors and
dynamos. Dismantles motor and removes
armature to examine and test for continuity.
Cleans segments, of commutator with abrasive
cloth or sand paper and cleans carbon brushes
for even and smooth movement. Examines
burnt out armature and checks type of winding
to determine gauge (thickness) and number of
turns of wire required. Cuts out all wiring
from slots and cleans slots with blunt knife
and sand paper.
Mounts cleaned core
horizontally on frame for easy rotation by
hand and covers bottom of each slot with
insulating paper. Selects correct gauge of wire
for winding and fastens one end of it to core of
armature. Determines type of winding to be
done either by calculation or from examined
sample and winds each set of slot with wire by
rotating armature on frame to pass wire from
slot to slot to form coil. Stops winding after
required number of turns and length of wire
have been wound to form coil. Covers all
exposed wire with insulating tape and solders
free ends of wire according to calculation and
type of winding with respective segments of
commutator using hand soldering iron. Pushes
prepared wire coils in position in insulated
slots in heavy duty or high power armatures
and assists Fitter, Electrical in soldering
terminals to respective commutator segments
in proper positions. Tests rewound armatures
for efficiency and continuity, before further
processing by Operator, Impregnation Plant.
Replaces armature and coil in shell and
assembles motor. Tests performance of motor
under normal working conditions and makes
necessary replacements of parts like carbon
brushes, insulating, etc. May wind coils on
machines. May impregnate armature and coils
with varnish in impregnation plant to insulate
7241.50 Coil Winder, Machine; Coil
Winding Machine Operator operates coil
winding machine to make coils of required
shape and size used in electric motors,
dynamos, transformer, radios and other
electrical equipment. Fits metals or wooden
core of required shape and size on revolving
mechanism of machine. Places roll of wire of
required gauge at correct height on machine
stand. Draws free end of wire over core
through guides in machine and sticks it at its
edge. Adjusts meter fitted to machine to
record specified number of turns of core.
Starts machine and watches meter to wind
required number of turns of wire over core.
Cuts wire, bends its free end slightly to keep coil
in position and removes coil from machine.
Wraps insulation cloth and tape over coil.
Maintains account of output and wire used. May
wind coils manually and test for continuity.
May clean and oil coil winding machine.
7241.60 Electrician, Aircraft installs and
services electrical wiring and equipment in
Tests electrical installation and
equipment, supply of current, and continuity of
electrical circuit in aircraft, using megger,
voltmeter, avometer etc. and locates faults.
Repairs or replaces defective wiring, connector
plunge, blown fuses, defective parts and
electrical fittings and fixtures and maintains
them in working order.
Adjusts voltage
regulators, actuators etc. as scheduled. Ensures
that all connections to various lighting system
such as landing light, anti-collision lights, wink
tip lights etc. are intact covered and insulated.
Ensures that storage battery in aircraft is kept
fully charged and that acid level is above batter
plates. Checks voltage, polarity, phase rotation
etc. and supplies electric power from ground
power trolley (ground generator) to start aircraft
engine before taking off.
Tests defective
motors, generators etc. using testing equipment
and gets burnt coils or armature re-wound by
Armature Winder. May do armature winding.
May repair batteries.
7241.70 Electrician, Automobile installs,
repairs replaces and overhauls wiring, starters,
generators, distributors and other electrical
equipment of motor vehicles. Examines vehicle
battery, checks voltage and specific gravity
using special equipment such as voltmeter
hydrometer, heavy discharge tester, etc. and
ensures that battery is in good condition.
Checks vehicle wiring, locates faults and
rectifies defects by replacing damaged wire or
connecting ends with insulation tape. Starts
engine to check whether alternator is charging
correctly, and if distributor, condenser coil and
cut out are functioning properly. Estimates
nature of defects and reports components to be
replaced or repaired. Dismantles and repairs
electrical units and components such s generator,
distributor etc. where required.
repaired kit or unit in vehicle and connects it
with battery. Conducts thorough examination of
various electrical fittings such as lights, panel
indicators, fuel pumps, etc and rectifies defects.
Checks condition and makes necessary
adjustments. May do armature winding. May
drive vehicles on road. May charge batteries.
7241.90 Electrical Mechanics and Fitters,
other include all other workers engaged in
fitting, assembling, repairing and maintaining
electrical equipment, machinery, appliances,
etc., not elsewhere classified.
Electronics fitters fit and adjust computer
hardware, as well as sound and image
telecommunications and other electronic
7242.10 Electronics Fitter, General fits,
assembles and repairs various kinds of
electronic equipment in factory or workshop
or at place of use. Examines drawings and
wiring diagrams; checks parts for accuracy of
fit and minor adjustments; assembles parts or
mounts them on chassis or panels with aid of
hand tools; installs and connects wiring,
soldering joints equipment, diagnoses faults
with aid of electronic testing equipment;
dismantles equipment if required and replaces
faulty parts or wiring.
7242.90 Electronics Fitter, other include all
other workers engaged in fitting, assembling,
equipment, machinery, appliances, etc., not
elsewhere classified.
Electronics mechanics and servicers service
and repair radio and television equipment, tape
recorders, video cassette recorders, and other
audio-visual equipment.
7243.10 Electronics Mechanic; Electronic
Equipment Mechanic repairs electronic
equipment, such as computers, industrial
controls, radar systems, transmitters, and
telemetering control systems following
blueprints and manufacturer's specifications
and using hand tools and test instruments.
Tests faulty equipment and applies knowledge
of functional operation of electronic units and
systems to diagnose cause of malfunction.
Tests electronic components and circuits to
locate defects, using instruments, such as
oscilloscopes, signal generators, ammeters and
voltmeters. Replaces defective components and
wiring and adjusts mechanical parts, using hand
tools and soldering iron. Aligns, adjusts and
calibrates testing instruments. Maintains records
of repairs, calibrations and test. May install
establishments and in aircraft.
7243.20 Radar Mechanic; Radar Craftsman
installs, services and overhauls radar units.
specification and installs radar transmitting and
receiving equipment.
Tests equipment for
continuity, frequency, performance, etc., detects
faults by application of knowledge of functional
operation of electronic units and systems and
removes defects by replacing defective parts,
soldering or tightening loose and broken
generators, wave meters, pulse modulators,
echolox, avometer, megger and other
instruments and hand tools. Aligns, adjusts and
calibrates equipment according to specifications.
Operates and flight checks radar equipment on
aircraft and makes necessary repairs and
adjustments to ensure desired efficiency. May
operate and repair other electronic and missile
control systems.
7243.30 X-Ray Mechanic installs, repairs and
services high frequency X-ray, ultra-voilet-ray
and other radio therapy equipment in hospitals
and clinics.
Studies circuit diagrams and
manufacturer's instructions for installation.
Assembles x-ray and other physiotherapy units
such as diathermy, ultra -voilet-ray, infra-red
units etc. and installs them in hospitals and
clinics. Gives necessary power connections to
x-ray and other units. Sets up and tests auxiliary
units such as potter bucky table, tube columns,
serial changers etc., rectifies defects if any and
ensures that they are working smoothly and
efficiently. Tests x-ray machines and accessory
equipment, locates operating difficulties and
removes them by replacing fused tubes, meters,
indicators, powder cables, etc. as necessary.
Repairs mechanical equipments such as buckey
table, hand time switch, locking devices etc. as
required. Services units periodically by filling
transformer with oil, cleaning and oiling
mechanical parts of x-ray units, refilling tube
heads, etc. Maintain records of types and serial
numbers of units handled, prepares job sheets
and obtains job completion certificates. May
follow circuit diagram and trace electrical
faults. May do simple drilling and tapping
using hand or power drilling machines.
7243.40 Television Installation Man installs
and adjusts television receivers and antennas,
using hand tools. Selects antenna according to
type of set and location of transmitting station.
Bolts crossarms and dipole elements in
position to assemble antenna. Secures antenna
in place with bracket and guy wires, observing
insurance codes and local ordnances to protect
installation from lighting and other hazards.
Drills and waterproofs holes in building to
make passage for transmission line. Connects
line between receiver and antenna and fastens
it in place. Tunes receiver on all channels and
adjusts screws to obtain desired density,
linearity, focus and size of picture. Orients
antenna and installs reflector to obtain
strongest possible reception. May operate
radio broadcasting unit.
7243.45 Cable Television Installer installs
cable television cables and equipment on
customer's premises, using electrician's tools
and test equipment: Measures television signal
strength at utility pole, using electronic test
equipment. Computes impedance of wire from
pole to house to determine additional
resistance needed for reducing signal to
desired level. Installs terminal boxes and
strings lead-in wires, using electrician's tools.
Connects television set to cable system and
evaluates incoming signal. Adjusts and repairs
cable system to ensure optimum reception.
May collect installation fees and explain cable
service operation to subscriber. May
communicate with SUPERVISOR, using twoway radio or telephone, to receive instructions
or technical advice and to report problems to
be repaired. May report unauthorized use of
cable system to SUPERVISOR. May clean
and maintain tools, test equipment.
7243.50 Television Service and Repairman
repairs and adjusts radios and television
receivers, using hand tools and electronic
testing instruments. Tunes receiver on all
channels and observes audio and video
characteristics to locate source of trouble.
Adjusts controls to obtain desired density,
linearity, focus and size of picture. Examines
chassis for defects.
Tests voltages and
resistance of circuits to isolate defect
following schematic diagram and using
voltmeter, uscioopscope, signal generator and
other electronic testing instruments. Tests and
changes tubes, solders loose connections and
repairs or replaces defective parts, using hand
tools and soldering iron. Repair radios and other
audio equipment. May install television sets.
Manufacturing) tests assembled radio sets with
testing equipment to ensure that assembly
soldering, frequency, performance, etc. are in
accordance with prescribed standards. Places
assembled radio set in position and visually
examines it to ensure that position of
components, connections, soldering, wiring, etc.
are in order. Switches on and operates different
knobs to check calibration, audiobility and
general performance of set by varying its tone
and listening to various stations and frequencies.
Tightens loose nuts and screws, locates faults,
replaces defective components and conducts
necessary changes.
Approves correctly
assembled sets for further processing and rejects
defective ones for rectification. May tests sets at
different stages of assembly. May service,
repair and overhaul radio sets.
7243.70 Radio Mechanic; Radio Repairer
tests, repairs, services and maintains radio
receiving sets in accordance with diagrams and
manufacturers specifications, using hand tools
and electrical measuring instrument. Removes
radio cabinet from chassis and examines
equipment for damaged components and loose
or broken connections and wires either by
connecting set with current supply or otherwise.
Replaces defective components and parts
according to specifications such as tubes (valve),
condensers, transformer resistors etc. using hand
tools. Makes necessary electrical connections
according to diagrams and solders or tightens
loose ones.
Tests equipment for output
frequency, noise level, audio quality, dial
calibration and other factors using oscilloscopes
radio frequency and watt meters, ammeters,
volt-meters, valve testers etc, Tunes and aligns
radio frequency and watt meters, ammeters, in
battery sets and gets them charged or replaces
them if necessary. May repair transistors and
television sets.
May repair and service
electronic equipments such as microphones,
record player, tape recorders, etc.
7243.75 Radio Craftsman, Installation; Radio
Mechanic Installation (Aircraft) installs, tests
and repairs aircraft radio equipment during test
flights. Studies circuit diagrams, drawings and
other specifications for installation of radio
equipment in aircraft. Tests and replaces
defective radio instruments, components and
parts such as radio compass, maker, beacon
receptor, radio tubes, transformer etc. using
hand tools and electrical measuring
Installs radio equipment in
aircraft as specified and solders or tightens
loose and broken connections. Operates and
tests equipment during tests flights for out put,
audio quality, frequency, calibration etc. and
does necessary repairs and adjustments to
ensure efficient performance. Signals ground
station and adjusts frequencies of radio sets by
turning sets screws. May check batteries and
keep them fully charged. May service battery
charging set and generator. May conduct
maintenance repairs of radio equip ment.
7243.80 Radio Craftsman, Maintenance,
Radio Mechanic Maintenace (Aircraft)
tests, repairs, services and maintains aircraft
radio receiving and transmitting sets in
accordance with diagrams and prescribed
specifications using hand tools and electrical
measuring instruments. Examines equipment
for damaged components and loose or broken
connection and wires. Tests and replaces
defective radio components and parts such as
tubes (valve), condensers, transformers,
resistors, etc. using hand tools.
necessary electrical connections according to
diagrams and solders or tightens loose ones.
Tests equipment for factors such as power
output, frequency power, looseness of
antennas and transmission lines, noise level,
audio frequency and watt meters, ammeters,
voltmeter, tube testers and other appropriate
instruments, adjust receivers for sensitivity
and transmitters for maximum output. Tests
batteries with hydrometers, ammeter, etc., and
maintains them fully charged.
scheduled test checks of radio equipment
during test flights to ensure airworthiness of
Removes radio instruments and
components for bench-checks, servicing,
calibrating and over hauling of radio apparatus
as and when necessary.
May effect
alternations and modifications to radio
equipment under guidance of Radio Engineer,
Servicers, other include all other workers
engaged in installing, servicing and repairing
radios and television sets and other audio
equipment, not elsewhere classified.
Telegraph and telephone installers and servicers
install, service and repair telephone and
telegraph equipment in central sites or individual
7244.10 Installation Mechanic (Telephone
and Telegraph) installs telephone or telegraph
equipment in telephone exchange or telegraph
office. Studies designs, blue prints, circuit
diagrams and other specifications for installation
of equipment to be done. Sets and installs
switch board selector racks, relay set racks,
automatic telephone system, telegraph repeators,
key board, morse sets and teleprinter as per plan
and makes necessary electrical connections
according to circuit diagram. Tests installation
as prescribed to check mechanical and electrical
adjustments of each component.
terminals of wires. Test checks operational
efficiency and makes necessary adjustments.
Installs batteries and battery charging equipment
and fits and maintains protective devices. May
install telephone sets at subscriber's premises.
7244.20 Maintenance Mechanic (Telephone
and Telegraph) tests, analyses defects, and
maintains telephone and telegraph equipment
using test meters and hand tools. Tests wiring
and operation of electrical and mechanical
components of telephone and telegraph
apparatus, checks operational efficiency and
locates faults using voltmeter, resistance meter,
watt meter, capacity meter and other instruments
as necessary. Replaces defective components, if
required, and installs, repairs and adjusts
equipment such as switches, relays amplifiers
etc. using hand tools. Removes connections or
wire distributing frames and solders wires to
terminal lugs according to diagram. Conducts
test checks periodically to maintain apparatus in
operational efficiency. May maintain telephoneswitching equipment at private establishments.
May maintain and repair power apparatus and
storage batteries.
7244.30 Teleprinter Mechanic installs and
maintains teleprinter for efficient performance in
telegraph offices and premises of news agencies,
newspapers, etc.
Studies drawings, circuit
diagrams and other specifications.
components, wiring and performance to locate
defects and causes of malfunctioning.
Replaces defective parts and fits, assembles
and adjusts components of machine. Lays out,
makes electrical connections to components
according to circuit diagram and tests
operational efficiency of machine. Installs
machine when required and lays wires and
makes power connections between machine
and other establishments. Services and tests
machine periodically, locates faults, repairs or
replaces defective parts, wiring, etc. and
maintains equipment in good working order.
telecommunication equipments.
7244.40 Lineman, Telephone & Telegraph
installs, repairs and maintains telephone and
telegraph lines, telephone instruments, key
boards etc. in his allotted section. Erects poles
manually for telephone and telegraph lines,
ensuing proper spacing, alignment, stability
etc., Climbs erected poles to fix insulators,
lightning arrestores, etc, at proper levels and
positions. Draws and signs wires on poles as
directed by Sub-Inspector Telephone &
Telegraph allowing required length for
expansion and contraction of wires. Installs
telephone equipment and key boards at
periodically and on breakdowns, locates faults
and removes defects by repairs or replacement
of faulty components and wiring. Maintains
lines within allotted section free of faults.
May repair and lay underground cables.
7244.50 Testing Telegraphist; Telegraph
Traffic Inspector tests telegraph lines and
cables to locate and find out cause of
interruption and arranges for removal of
defects. Tests all telegraph lines and cables
"Wheatstone Bridge" (electrical
instrument) to detect interruption etc. Checks
pressure of power on different circuits, voltage
and current for out going and in coming lines
and teleprinter lines given to different
newspapers. Calculates resistance of lines to
detect faults in equipment and circuits.
Advises Maintenance Mechanic, Telegraph to
remove defects. Signals other stations and
informs Telegraph Master for receiving and
transmitting immediate telegrams through
alternative lines. Tests lines after removal of
examines reports on defects of telephone lines,
and arranges for their rectification. Examines
reports regarding defects in telephones,
telephone lines, etc. traces faults in internal
system or advises Line Inspector Telephone for
getting faulty lines or equipment examined and
repaired by maintenance staff.
subscribers or customers about removal of
defects and rectification of faults. Maintains
record of repairs done or defects in important
cases personally.
7244.70 Carrier Attendant (Telephone and
Telegraph) operates and maintains carrier
equipment for connecting and arranging
alternative lines with outside stations. Attends to
and maintains telegraph and telephone career
equipment which enables multiple transmission
to be made on single line. Tests trunk telephone
lines and makes operating adjustment in
telegraph repeaters.
7244.90 Mechanics,Telegraph and Telephone
Installing and Repairing, other perform variety
of routine and low skilled tasks in fitting,
assembling, installing, repairing and maintaining
telephone and telegraph equipment and are
designated Form Layer Helper, Rack Wiring
Helper, Telephone Mechanic Helper, Teleprinter
Mechanic Helper etc., according to nature of
work performed.
Electrical line installers, repairers and cable
jointers install and repair electrical lines and joint
7245.10 Lineman, Light and Power erects and
maintains overhead electric power lines to
conduct electricity from power plant to place of
use. Erects poles and small towers at specified
distances with assistance of other workers.
Climbs poles and towers and fixes insulators,
lightning arresters, cross-brass etc. and other
auxilliary equipment at proper heights. Strings
and draws cables (wires) through insulators fixed
on cross bars, exercising great care to leave
proper sag in wires to avoid breakage under
changing atmospheric conditions. Joins cable by
various methods, fixes joint-boxes at specified
places, replaces fuses and faulty components as
necessary and tests for electrical continuity.
Checks overhead lines in allotted section as
necessary and maintains them in order for
carrying electricity by effecting repairs of
defective lines, poles, towers and auxilliary
equipment as directed. May install and repair
overhead power lines for electric trains, trams
or trolley buses. May work on high tension or
low tension power lines.
7245.20 Cable Jointer joints on surface or
underground multi-conductor telegraph or
telephone cable consisting of number of
various coloured wires. Selects strands of
wires to be joined from cable ends according
to colour code and removes insulation from
end of wires in cables, slips separate pieces of
copper or lead sleeves with linear slits over
ends of cables and brings ends of naked wires
of cables in overlapping contacts according to
colour code. Twists overlapping ends of
naked wires to join strands and solders or
brazes each strand of wire of one cable with
corresponding one of other. Dries joint and
wraps it with insulating material. Adjusts
sleeves over joint keeping slits face to face and
heats and solders sleeves together to
strengthen and protect joint made. Screws
soldered cable in position in cable junction
box by tightening bolts and fuses upper
portion of box with pitch or other compound
to completely insulate cable against leakage
and moisture.
Tests pairs of wires for
electrical continuity and insulation, using
testing equipment. May be designated as
LIGHT and POWER according to type of
cables joined.
7245.90 Electrical Line Installers, Repairers
and Cable Jointers perform number of
routine and low skilled tasks in erecting and
maintaining overhead lines, joining cables,
etc., and are designated as Lineman's Mate;
Cable Jointer Helper; etc., according to work
Supervisors and foremen, electrical and
electronic equipment mechanics and fitters
supervise and guide workers engaged in
assembling, installing and repairing of motors,
generators, electrical wiring, telephones and
telegraph lines, cables, electrical instruments and
equipment, overhead or underground telephone
and telegraph lines, different kinds of selector
racks, relay set racks and other electrical and
electronic equipment.
7248.10 Supervisor and Foreman Electrical
and Electronic Equipment supervises fittings
assembling, installing and repairing of electrical
and electronic equipment, motors, generators
etc., and ensures stipulated performance.
Studies drawings and wiring diagrams and
explains details to workers. Checks connection,
quality and thickness of wire, resistance,
condensers, valves, coils, etc., gets defective
parts or components replaced and ensures
conformity with prescribed specifications.
Guides workers in fitting, assembling and
installing electrical and electronic equipment
including electrical motors and generators and
assists them where necessary, to test and remove
Tests completed unit for electrical
circuit, flow of current, resistance, frequency,
earthing, etc. gets defects removed and ensures
stipulated performance. May use substitute parts
or change wiring system, if authorised. May
specialise in electrical or electronic equipment
and be designated accordingly.
7248.20 Engineering Supervisor, Telephone
and Telegraph controls and supervise, SubInspectors, Linemen, Installation Mechanics,
and Maintenance Mechanics engaged in
erecting, installing, maintaining and repairing
telephone and telegraph lines, cables,
instruments and equipment in or outside
telephone exchange, telegraph office or in
customer’s premises in his area.
estimates of expenditure and material required
for extension of telephone connections and
facilities and obtains necessary approval.
Controls and supervises installation of
underground and surface telephone lines and
cables to provide necessary connections.
Checks operational efficiency of telephone and
telegraph apparatus at subscriber's premises and
at respective exchanges. Supervises duties of
Mechanic etc. and guides them as necessary.
Organises repair and maintenance operations
during emergencies and breakdowns in
commutation systems. Maintains liaison with
public and looks into complaints.
supervise work of Telephone and Telegraphic
7248.30 Sub-Inspepctor Telephone and
Telegraph Supervises Linemen, Telephone
and Telegraph, engaged in erecting, repairing
and maintaining overhead or under ground
telephone and telegraph lines. Checks plan of
line to be laid, instructs linemen on sequence
of work to be executed and ensures timely
supply of material required for installation,
repairs and replacement, Deploys linemen as
required on work site and supervises
installation, repair, and installation of poles
and fitting of brackets and crossbars. Guides
fitting of insulators, drawing of wires,
deviation of lines and setting of telephone
instrument, keyboards etc. Tests personally or
ensures proper testing line and removes
defects if any. Locates distance and area of
failure in case of breakdown using testing
meters and restores communication speedily
by rewiring or getting faults removed. Checks
telegraph and telephone lines periodically and
maintains them in working condition. May
install, repair, and replace components of
telegraph and telephone system.
7248.40 Charge Hand, Rack Wiring
instructs and directs
Operators, Rack-wiring, in assembling and
erecting different kinds of selector racks, relay
set racks, etc. Organises and distributes work
among operators within sections and fills in
time cards.
Checks sequence of work
performed by different operators, detects and
removes faults and ensures that wiring is done
according to circuit diagrams. Instructs and
trains operators and ensures their general
Records number of persons
supervised and ability to detect and rectify
faults in wiring.
suspervises installation and drawing of
overhead and underground electrical line for
street lighting and power suypply. Studies
diagrams and details of line to be drawn.
Visits area, determines electrical towers and
poles to be installed and/ or underground
cables to be laid and explains working details
to linemen. Marks locations of poles and
tower or earth to be dug and gets them
installed or set according to electricity act
ensuring proper earthing. Gets brackets and
other accessories fitted according to
Informs power house or
appropriate authority to switch off electric
supply in area in which working, if necessary.
Directs linemen and other workers to draw
electric line as scheduled ensuring safety and
minimum sagging. Guides joining of cables,
fuses, junction boxes, etc., as appropriate and
ensures continuity and proper installation. May
do lead burning and join cables himself. May
take charge of particular area and maintain
power supply line by conducting repairs and
replacements as necessary.
7248.90 Supervisors and Foremen, Electrical
and Electronic Equipment Mechanics and
Fitters, Other include workers who supervise
and guide workers engaged in assembling,
installing and repairing of motors, generators,
electrical wiring, telephones and telegraph lines,
cables, electrical instruments and equipment,
overhead or underground telephone and
telegraph lines, different kinds of selector racks,
relay set racks and other electrical and electronic
equipment not elsewhere classified.
This Family covers workers not elsewhere
classified in the Group 724, Electrical and
electronic equipment mechanics and fitters. For
instance occupations involving inspection of
television receivers during final assembly,
checking of telephone and telegraph equipment,
doing armature and coil winding, repairing and
charging battery, replacing blown out fuses etc.
7249.10 Senior Functioner (Telephone
Equipment Manufacturing) checks, locates
faults and sets various kinds of complex
telephone equipment. Studies blue prints and
wiring diagrams of equipment to be checked and
examines connections, circuits and links of
group selector, final selector and uni selector
racks. Connects equipment to testing instrument
and tests it to detect faults, if any. Records
defects and faults to be rectified, gets them
removed and retest it after rectification to ensure
conformity with prescribed specifications and
operational efficiency. May design test sets to
examine complex circuits and equipment.
7249.20 Junior Functioner (Telephone
operational tests of repetitive nature on
assembled telephonic apparatus, gets defects
removed and ensures operational efficiency.
Mounts apparatus such as automatic switching
apparatus, step by step telephone switches,
relay sets, group selector, final selector, uni
selector, racks, etc. on standard test unit.
Operates testing apparatus and observers
readings. Notes faults and defections detected
by readings observed for repairs particularly
with reference to circuit diagrams and
functioning instruction sheet of each
Tests apparatus again after
rectification of faults, and certifies tests
checked apparatus for operational efficiency.
May conduct minor repairs of standard test
7249.30 Wiring Inspector and Bank Tester
(Telephone Equipment Manufacturing)
tests operational efficiency of switch wiring,
bank multiple wiring, rack wiring and cables,
and gets defects removed. Checks wiring for
colours and gauges to ensure conformity with
prescribed specifications. Tests wiring for
continuity and leakage using buzzar and
megger (testing instruments). Records defects
in charts for rectification. Tests and approves
wiring for conformity with prescribed
specifications after removal of wiring defects
and other faults.
7249.40 Inspector , Assembly (Telephone
assemblies and sub-assemblies of switches,
phones and other telephone and telegraph
equipment and gets defects removed. Checks
wiring and different components of apparatus
for conformity with specifications, using
simple tests, sets and gauges.
assembly with charts, blue prints and other
prescribed standardized procedures and
records defects and faults of assembly on
quality control charts. Tests apparatus after
rectification and certifies assembly to be in
conformity with requirements.
7249.50 Battery Servicing Man; Battery
Charger charges storage batteries used in
motor vehicles, aircraft and other electrical
equipment. Places batteries on table, unscrews
caps of cell and checks specific gravity of
electrolyte (acid solution) in cell with
Pours required amount of
distilled water or dilute acid into cell as
necessary to submerge cell plates with
electrolyte solution and adjust its strength.
Connects battery with charging set as
prescribed and switches on flow of current.
Observes flow of electricity and rate of charging
from ammeter readings, regulates it as necessary
by control switch and keeps battery on charge
for specified period. Switches off charging set
and checks specific gravity of electrolyte and
voltage acquired by battery, using hydrometer
and voltmeter respectively. Fixes cell caps of
battery securely to avoid splashing of electrolyte
May repair batteries and maintain
account of batteries charged.
May charge
number of batteries simultaneously by
connecting their terminals in series to battery
7249.60 Operator, Impregnation Plant
operates impregnation plant to dip assembled
coils and armatures in tank containing molten
insulating material like wax or varnish and dries
dipped articles in baking plant (electric drying
chamber). Feeds solid wax or varnish into
heating tank of plant. Switches on electric
heaters and observes thermometer readings to
heat and melt insulting materials completely.
Dips coils or other materials to be insulated into
tank either manually or with hoisting equipment
and keeps them in solution for prescribed period.
Shuts lid of tank and operates vacuum pump of
machine to ensure that all parts of dipped
articles are completely covered with insulating
materials. Removes dipped articles and hanges
them to drip of excess insulation. Places articles
in electrical baking plant and dries them at fixed
temperature for set period of time. Cleans plant
and maintains account of articles handled.
7249.90 Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Mechanics and Fitters and Related Workers,
Other include all other workers engaged in
fitting, assembling, repairing and maintaining
electronic and electrical equipment, machinery,
appliances, etc., not elsewhere classified
Precision, handicraft, printing and related trades
workers make and repair precision instruments,
musical instruments, various articles such as
Jewellery, precious metal ware, ceramics,
porcelain ware and glassware, as well as
handicrafts made of wood or textile, leather or
related materials, or they perform printing or
book-binding tasks.
Precision workers in metal and related
materials make and repair precision
instruments, musical instruments, Jewellery
and other articles of precious metals.
Precision instrument makers and repairers
make and repair mechanical watches, clocks,
nautical, meteorological, optical, surgical,
dental, orthopaedic and other precision
instruments and equipment.
7311.10 Mechanic, Precision Instrument
General tests, repairs, overhauls and
assembles various precision instruments and
their parts for efficient performance. Examines
components and cleans them in appropriate
fluid such as petrol, kerosene etc. to find out
extent of damage or wear & tear to parts.
Removes minor defects of parts by grinding,
filing, drilling, etc. and replaces worn out and
damaged parts. Adjusts position of various
parts using screwdriver, spanner etc. and
assembles instrument to form complete unit.
Makes simple electrical connections, solders
contact points and performs other tasks as
necessary. Tests performance either by visual
observation or by conducting simple electrical
and mechanical tests and ensures that repaired
or assembled instrument conforms to
prescribed efficiency.
May make new
components and assemble new instruments.
May specialise in any particular type of
pneumatic, electrical, optical, orthopaedic etc.
7311.20 Watch Repairer cleans repairs and
adjusts clocks, watches and time pieces for
accurate time keeping. Examines watch pieces
or clock mechanism using magnifying
eyepiece to locate defects. Opens watch and
disassembles components or parts of watch
such as main spring, hair spring, balance staff
etc, using special screw drivers, tweezers,
pincers, and other watch makers tool. Cleans
part with benzene or other cleaning solution
using special brushes. Checks, jewels, spring,
pinion joints pivots, balance staff etc. and
determines their serviceability. Repairs or
replaces broken or damaged parts and
assembles watch step by step in proper sequence
ensuring desired performance of each
component. Lubricates pivots and operating
components with thin special type of vile and
soaks extra oil using pith sticks. Winds watch,
observers performance and sets it with
chronometer or accurate watch to regulate
timing. Makes necessary adjustments after set
period and regulates timming both in horizontal
and vertical positions to ensure accurate time
keeping. Is designated as Watch Maker if able to
make balance staff pivots etc. operate
watchmakers lathe and overhaul chronometers,
self-winding, electric and other types of special
watches and clocks. May operate cleaning
machine to clean delicate parts in petrol and
special solutions.
7311.25 Assembler (Clock & Watch)
assembles and installs chime -controlling
mechanisms in master clocks according to
blueprints and sketches, using watchmaker's
tools: Bolts mounting casting which houses
clock and chimes mechanisms to inner rear panel
of master clock case. Installs toggle switch and
cut-off secondaries, for opening and closing
chime-mechanism circuit, on panel, and makes
wire connections. Disassembles, examines,
repairs, or adjusts spring-wound clock, and
reassembles clock adding strike -control parts,
such as hour-strike spring to hour mechanism,
night-spot cutout to hour hand sleeve-wheel, and
minute-mercury ring to minute mechanism. Bolts
assembled clock mechanism in position on
mounting casting. Assembles parts, such as dial,
hour and minute hands, contact springs, motor
drum and condenser, and makes wire
connections to complete master clock
mechanism. Installs completed assembly into
master clock case.
7311.30 Mechanic Precision Instrument,
makes, alters and adjusts
mechanical instruments or mechanical parts of
electrical and optical instruments by accurate
milling, filing, grinding, lapping and other
processes. Studies drawings or samples and
examines precision instrument like balance,
meters, pressure gauges etc. for defects.
Dismantles instrument, cleans metal components
in petrol, kerosene oil or otherwise and checks
them to find out extent of damage and further
serviceability. Makes new parts on lathe milling
or other machines, if necessary. Sizes and fits
metal parts by filing, scraping, grinding lapping
etc, as necessary and ensures their desired
accuracy by checking with precision
measuring instruments shadow graph and other
highly perfect devices. Assembles parts to
form complete unit.
Gets electrical
components repaired by Electrician.
electrical and optical parts to instrument and
adjusts them as required. Texts repaired or
assembled instrument for clarity or vision
sensitivity, correct meter and scale readings
etc, as required and ensures stipulated
performance within prescribed limits. Makes
adjustments and seals meters to
avoid manipulations.
May specialise in
particular type of instruments like balance,
pressure gauges, meters, theodolites, etc. May
make new instruments from blue prints.
7311.35 Viewer, Workshop; Examiner,
Metal Working; Checker, Metal Working
checks mechanical components, units,
machines etc., at various stages of
manufacture, assembly and erection and
ensures that they are made to required
specifications. Studies diagram, sketch etc., of
product to be manufactured to determine its
specification and other details. Examines
product prior to and at various stages of
manufacture to detect faculty material or bad
workmanship. Measures and tests components
for accuracy using gauges and other
instruments and checks finished products,
assembled or erected structures to ensure that
they conform to drawings, samples or
specifications. Marks
defective units, components or parts for
rectification or for rejection and approves
finished products that conform to required
standard and specifications. Removes minor
defects or informs superiors if machines do not
function properly or products do not come up
to prescribed standard.
Keeps record of
production, indicating quantum of rejections
or bad workmanship. May be designated
according to nature of duties performed such
PIPES: etc.
7311.40 Mechanic Atomiser and Fuel Pump
(Diesel) repairs and sets atomisers and fuel
pumps units of diesel engines, using testing
and setting tool, for efficient performance.
Dismantles fuel pump kit using different tools.
Cleans various components in oil and
examines them for wear and tear, damage etc.
Replaces damaged or worn out parts with new
ones. Assembles parts together to complete
unit. Fits assembled or repaired kit on test
bench with testing engine and gives various
connections like fuel supply, pressure gauge etc.
Sets machine speed and pressure and starts
testing pump. Observes machine running at
prescribed speed and collects oil output in
calibrated test tubes. Ensures that output of oil
is as per specifications and makes necessary
adjustment to plunger sleeve of pump to get
quantity of oil from each nozzle. Conducts face
angle tests to pump oil at correct timing and
rectifies defects, if any. Removes atomiser from
pump, fits it to special testing machine and
operates machines to see whether oil is ejected
in fine spray under prescribed pressure. Changes
nozzles where necessary. Disassembles governor
mechanism of fuel pump, cleans it, oils and
greases moving parts and sets it. May change
governor diaphragm if necessary.
Calculating Machine repairs, overhauls and
machines for efficient performance. Examines
machine to locate defects by manipulating all
parts of typewriter or calculating machine and
observing imprint of impressions on paper or
calculation recorded on meters. Dismantles
machine using different tools such as
screwdrivers, spanner, plier, etc. and examines
components like cylinder, roller, type bar, drum
chord, springs, types etc. for wear and tear.
Cleans metal parts in oil and brushes types with
special hard brush. Assembles parts together
using special tools and replacing damaged and
worn out parts with new ones. Fixes ribbon to
machine. Types or makes rough calculations on
paper for testing accuracy and smoothness of
performance and to check that imprints on paper
are good, impressions are clear and machine
works smoothly. Oils moving parts. Operates
mechanically operated calculating machine to
see whether answers like totals, subtractions,
divisions are correctly registered in indicators.
Is designated as MECHANIC, OFFICE
MACHINES if engaged in servicing and
addressing and other office machines by
mechanical processes. May get defective parts
repaired, if otherwise serviceable.
7311.60 Mechanic Optical Instruments repairs
and sets optical instruments such as microscopes,
telescopes, binoculars theodolites, photography
cameras, sextants etc. for enlarged view
measurements, etc. by checking centering,
setting lenses to required focal length and
adjusting other components to required
perfection. Examines optical instruments for
defects visually or by focussing it to standard
observations. Examines parts or components
for wear and tear, damages etc. and replaces
unserviceable ones.
Repairs parts, where
possible, by filing, grinding, scrapping etc. and
fits new or ground lenses, mirrors and other
accessories according to prescribed focal
lengths and specifications. Grinds glazes and
cements (joining of two lenses with canada
blasm to form one unit) lenses used in optical
instruments such as microscopes, telescopes,
gun sight photographic equipment, etc, to
obtains correct lens assemblies Aligns parts to
requirement and assembles components to
form complete unit. Makes necessary settings
and adjustments to instruments and tests to
repaired unit for clarity and efficiency by
visual observations or by using them over
fields to ensure desired result and accuracy.
May assemble and fit new equipment. May be
engaged in repairing and assembling
photography cameras and allied gadgets and
measuring and detecting glass instrument such
as pipette, burettle, hydrometer, thermometer
etc. according to set standards by direct
experiments for recording correct readings.
Sets and connects master (standard) measuring
instrument with water or appropriate fluid
supply line and connects instrument to be
calibrated with master using rubbers or glass
tabling with stop cocks. Allows measured
quantity of liquid to flow into master
measuring instrument, sets level at zero by
adding or flowing out extra liquid as necessary,
transfers contents completely into instrument
to be calibrated by operating stop cock and
marks position of zero level on it with paint,
ink or coloured pencil. Marks different levels
similarly by adding measured quantity of
liquid first into master and then transferring
whole lot into instrument to be calibrated.
Heats or cools mercury, alcohol, sensitive
metal foil or other appropriate indicator filled
in thermometers and thermal recording
instruments carefully through measured degree
of temperature and suitably marks position of
observations recorded on glass body of
instrument. Calibrates intermediate position by
dividing machine calculators or by actual
experiments as necessary. Removes provisional
calibrated instrument and makes permanent
marking as recorded by process of etching or on
pantograph machine. May etch calibrated glass
with hydrofluoric acid.
7311.67 Calibrator (Instrument & Apparatus)
tests and calibrates controlling, indicating, and
measuring instruments and devices, such as
thermometers, to ensure specified operating
performance, using hand tools, testing and
calibrating instruments and equipment, and
precision measuring instruments: Reads quality
control manual and testing specifications to
obtain data to test or calibrate specific devices.
Selects and installs accessories, such as adapters,
indicating gauges, or holding devices on test or
calibration fixture, and connects instrument or
device to fixture, according to specifications,
using hand tools. Sets controls to regulate
factors, such as current flow, timing cycle,
pressure, temperature, or vacuum, according to
specifications, and activates test or calibration
equipment. Observes readings on meters and
gauges, and other displays and performance of
device or instrument to identify functional
defects and determine calibration requirements.
Adjusts calibration mechanisms to obtain
specified operational performance of device or
instrument, using hand tools and precision
measuring and calibrating instruments and
equipment. Applies sealing compound on
calibration mechanism to prevent readjustment
of settings and loss of calibration. Rejects
malfunctioning devices and routes devices to
specified department for rework or salvaging of
parts. May disassemble instrument or device to
determine cause of defective operation and
notify supervisory personnel of findings.
7311.70 Calibrators, other calibrate metal
wood and synthetic material seals for linear and
angular measurements using pantograph,
dividing or other sensitive machine according to
specifications. Set sized object accurately on
machine using precision instruments and holding
devices like dial indicator, combination set,
clamps, mandrill, etc. Fit template or necessary
gadgets and cutter in machine. Set machine in
relation to object according to divisions required
and mark extreme positions. Operate machine as
per template or calculation and machine
markings to divide object into specified
number of divisions by short and long cuts as
required. Check object with set standard to
ensure accuracy. May copy from sample or
standard scale.
7311.75 Orthopaedic Appliance and Limbs
Artificial Limbmaker, Surgical makes and
repairs artificial limbs, braces, and other
prescription. Makes cast of limb or deformity
and draws patterns from measurements of body
members to be fitted. Cuts and fashions
devices from material, such as metal, plastic
and leather, using welding equipment, forge,
rivetting machine, drill and hand tools; shapes
leather parts over lasts and rivets parts to
braces; pads braces with felt and sponge
rubber; polishes completed devices, using
buffing wheel; adjusts nuts and screws at joints
to insure free movement. Repairs worn-out or
damaged appliance. May harness devices to
limbs or stumps, using knowledge of
functional anatomy. May instruct patient in
use of device. May be designated according to
Technician makes full or partial dentures,
inlay, bridges, and crowns of metal, vulcanite
or other composition plates from wax or
plaster plate impressions taken by DENTIST
and repairs dental aids as prescribed by him.
Makes special impression trays as designed by
DENTIST and prepares plas ter casts of upper
and lower jaws from wax impression taken by
him to provide pattern for work to be done.
Shapes metal valcanite or plastic plates for
dentures and sets artificial teeth in plates.
Processes denture in acrylic rasin or metal and
makes fixed metal restorations such as crowns,
bridges etc. according to impression taken by
Dentist. Forms porcelain teeth and crowns and
repairs or makes additions on existing dentures
as directed. May assist Dentist in general
dental practice and undertake chair side
clinical work on patients.
7311.85 Instrument Makers, other (Except
Electrical) include all other workers engaged
in fitting, assembling, calibrating and repairing
mechanical, hydraulic, optical and other types
of instruments except electrical, not elsewhere
7311.90 Precision Instrument Makers and
Repairers, other perform number of low skilled
and routine tasks such as dismantling
operating vacuum machine, soldering, sealing
covers, cleaning lenses etc., and is designated as
Musical instrument makers and tuners make,
repair and tune stringed, wind or percussion
instruments with hand or power tools.
7312.10 Musical Instrument Maker (Stringed)
makes stringed instruments such as sitar,
tambura, violin and veena from wood, ebonite,
metal or other materials, using hand or power
tools, selects and marks materials, saws out,
drills, carves, shapes and finishes parts of
instrument, glues or screws parts together;
applies stain and several coats of varnish,
attaches strings, pegs and other fittings; tests
instrument and makes changes, if necessary to
improve tone. May carve ornamental designs on
May repair instruments.
specialise in making a particular type of
instrument and be designated according to type
of instrument made such as VIOLIN MAKER,
7312.15 Harmonium Maker makes harmonium
by preparing different parts of instrument such
as, cabinet reed board, keys, bellow and stoppers
and assembling them using hand or power tools.
Selects required type and size of wooden planks
for making different parts of harmonium. Marks
them with dimensions using tool rule, square,
pencil, etc., and makes different parts by sizing,
sawing and planing using carpentry tools.
Assembles harmonium cabinet (wooden box) by
nailing different parts together.
Makes air
compartment in inside bottom of box air-tight by
gluing soft leather or strips along edges.
Prepares bellow from card board by cutting card
board strips and gluing with soft leather and
coloured paper making necessary folds.
Attaches bellow to harmonium cabinet by gluing
and clamping it with nails and springs. Fixes
necessary wooden bridge over air compartment
in box.
Prepares reed board by making
required numbers of apertive and fixing reeds
one side and rest pins on other sides. Makes
necessary number of holes for different notes
on reed board, fixes knobs for control of air
from air compartment to apertives of reed
board. Ensures that joints are air-tight by
bellowing and reeds give proper tuning. Tests
and adjusts harmonium to produce required
tune by filing, (opening and closing reed
tongues and comparing notes by striking
tuning fork). May fix metal handles to cabinet,
leather or plastic cloth over reed frame and
other decorative fittings. May polish box and
give smooth finish. May repair Harmonium by
dismantling and replacing different parts of
May specialise in preparing
particular parts of instrument.
7312.18 Harmonium Key Maker makes
harmonium keys of required sizes by sawing,
drilling, filing and smoothening soft wood and
gluing celluloid strips on them. Selects soft
wood pieces of required quality; marks, saws
out curves and shapes wood to make
harmonium keys according to specification;
cuts celluloid strips of required size and glues
it over wooden keys; screws keys to key board
and fixes key board to wooden cabinet; drills
holes on cabinet as per specification and
designs and fits stoppers to control wind inside
instrument; may fit reed frame to cabinet. May
make bellows and fit them to instruments.
May tune up instrument.
7312.20 Harmonium Fitter makes inside of
harmoniu m cabinet airtight by cutting and
gluing soft leather strips along edges and
fixing necessary fittings.
harmonium cabinets prepared by Carpenter are
according to specification; cuts soft leather
strips of required sizes and glues them to edges
of cabinet; fits wooden frame or bridges inside
box for fixing reed frame, key board and other
harmonium parts; glues and screws key board
and reed frame to cabinet. Fits keys and other
attachments in to position; tests instruments
and makes necessary adjustments to prevent air
leak. May polish and apply varnish to cabinet.
May tune harmonium for correct note and
pitch. May repair harmonium.
7312.22 Bellow Man (Harmonium) makes
harmonium bellows by measuring, cutting card
board strips and pleating them with soft leather
and coloured paper. Selects card board of
desired thickness; marks and cuts groove or
channel on card board at parallel lines to permit
folding; folds card board along slit edges. Pleats
to form bellows; covers bellows with satin and
cloth; glues leather or rexin and places metal
guards on corners of bellows and screws, nuts or
glues bellow to instrument cabinet and operates
leak; bellow to test air lead by playing notes;
operates bellow to check proper operation. May
tune harmonium reeds and glue reeds in reed
blocks. May fabricate metal parts using shop
machines and tools.
May repair used
7312.25 Reed Fitter, Harmonium makes
wooden reed board according to sample or
specification and fits metal reeds and strings on
board with screws. Selects wooden board; marks
and chisels out grooves or slots to fit reeds
according to sample or specifications; fits and
screws reeds in slots on board and fixes
assembled reed frame to cabinet. Operates
harmonium to check reeds to give out correct
tune when concerned key is depressed. May
tune harmonium. May make wooden cabinet
and fit key board to box. May repair used
harmonium and replace old reeds.
7312.28 Tuner, Harmonium tests and adjusts
harmonium by setting reeds to produce correct
tone by filing, opening or closing read tongues.
Plays harmonium by operating bellows and
adjusting keys; strikes note by depressing reed
with finger and compares pitch with that of
standard tuning fork; adjusts tongue by filing,
opening or closing until pitch of reed and tuning
fork correspond tunes remaining reeds in similar
manner; ensures air stoppers are correctly fitted
and no air leaks from bellow. May repair and
finish harmonium.
7312.30 Finisher, Harmonium gives finishing
touches to harmonium by making and fitting
stops for controlling air in harmonium and by
cutting and fitting celluloid pieces for decorating
cabinet. Examines assembled harmonium for
any defect; polishes cabinet using colour stain
and varnish to give required finish; fixes
coloured celluloid strips on reed; fits wooden or
plastic knobs to airholes and other attachments
such as handles and decorative fittings. May
make, assemble and fit various accessories to
harmonium. May tune harmonium. May repair
used harmonium.
7312.32 Organ Maker makes instrumental
parts of organ of wood, metal, leather and
other materials, using hand or power tools.
Makes parts for organ action. Bolts down,
couples up and rivets together key-boxes, drill
stops and other parts. Makes pipes of wood or
casts sheets of various metals and forms them
into pieces.
May insert mechanical or
electrical mechanisms, erect organs in cinemas,
churches and other buildings, tune and repair
May specialise in one or more
operations, such as making action parts or
organ pipes and be designated accordingly.
7312.35 Organ Tuner tests and adjusts organ
pipes to produce correct tones and keeps
playing mechanisms in good condition.
Strikes tuning fork and compares tone with
that of selected pipe. Adjusts distance between
lips of pipe until tone coincides with that of
tuning fork. Adjusts other pipes, comparing
their tones by ear with that of pipe already
adjusted. Replaces defective wiring, sintches,
blowers and other parts.
7312.40 Piano Maker makes instrumental
parts of pianos of wood, felt, wire and other
materials, using hand or power tools. Makes
dampers, checks, hammers and other parts for
piano action. Joins them together and fits them
in position. Adjusts action by loosening or
tightening setting of hammers and by bending
spring wire in hammer butts with fingers.
Makes and assembles piano keys. Assembles
and mounts sound board on back panel of
piano. Cuts piano strings to required length
and attaches them to rest pins in frame. May
tune and repair pianos. May specialise in one
or more operations, such as making action
parts keys or sound boards and be designated
7312.43 Piano Tuner tests and adjusts pianos
to produce correct tone. Strikes tuning fork
and compares tone with that of 'A' string of
piano. Tightens or loosens strings by turning
string pin until tone coincides with that of
tuning fork. Adjusts other strings comparing
their tones by ear with that of 'A' string already
adjusted. May replace broken strings and
make repairs.
7312.45 Tabla Maker (Musical Instrument)
dome shaped wooden, metal or clay body open
at one end. Collects cone or dome shaped
wooden, metal or clay of required size open at
one end and other instrument parts such as soft
leather of desired thickness, leather straps, cords,
brass rings as necessary for type of tabla to be
made; cuts and sizes leather to close mouth of
reed and punches holes round edge of leather
cover; places punched cover over mouth of
vessel and passes leather straps through holes;
inserts guides through leather straps and fastens
leather cover to body and secures it tightly at
bottom of vessel ties to a brass or leather ring;
applies special ink mixed with special wax on
central portion of leather top for proper tuning;
tests tone of tabla by striking or drumming with
fingers; tunes tabla to required pitch by
tightening leather straps and changing position of
guides. May repair and tune used tablas.
7312.50 Drum Maker, Musical makes musical
drums by mounting animal skins on wooden or
metal case open on one or both ends with metal
rims and fitting adjusters to tune drum to
required pitch. Collects wooden or metal case of
desired size and specification; secures tightly
leather or hide cover over metal or leather ring
and fastens ring to mouth of shell with leather
cord after fitting adjusters to it; adjusts tension of
leather cover by moving adjusters. Applies
special compound on middle of upper surface of
leather cover where necessary for correct tune,
tests and tunes instrument by striking cover
surface with hand or stick adjusting adjusters for
required tone pitch. May specialise in making
particular types of drum and be designated
accordingly such as BRASS DRUM MAKER;
May use parchment
leather for special type of drums. May repair
drums by dismantling and replacing leather
skins, tension rods, rims and shells.
7312.55 Clarionet Assembler makes clarionet
by assembling mouth piece, shank, upper and
lower pieces, bell and keys and tunes it to
required pitch for correct tone. Collects parts
such as springs, pins, keys, reed for making
clarionet of desired type. Joins upper and lower
part of body together; fits keys and other
attachments in position; fixes reed to mouth
piece through reed holder; tests instrument and
makes changes, if necessary, to improve tone and
tunes it to desired pitch with or without tuning
fork. May repair used instrument. May be
designated as FLUTE MAKER if engaged in
making and tuning flutes.
7312.58 Bag Pipe Maker makes bag pipes by
assembling finished wooden organ pipes in
specially designed leather bags.
wooden pipes and leather bag according to
specification; prepares bag pipe reeds by
shaving and filing cane of specified variety;
fixes reeds in mouth piece through reed
holders; tunes organ pipes for tone of desired
pitch; cuts holes in leather bag and fits in
finished wooden pipes in holes in proper
position; secures pipes to bag tightly with cord
to prevent leakage of air from bag; fastens
brass and tenor pipes with cords and tunes
pipes to ensure correct pitch and tone. May
specialise in one or more operations, such as
marking act in parts or organ pipes and be
designated accordingly.
Assembler makes required types of brass
musical instruments by fitting piston valves,
valve tops, bell etc.; in metal body. Collects
different parts of musical instrument to be
made; joins parts by screwing, rivetting or
soldering as necessary to obtain desired shape;
fits piston valves, valve tops, springs, washers,
etc. Checks leakage, brazing etc. and tunes it
to required pitch by fitting slide or further
tooling as necessary. May specialise in any
particular type of brass musical instruments
such as cornet, baritone, enphonium, bugle,
trumpet etc.
7312.65 Musical Instruments Repairer
repairs all kinds of musical instruments such as
Violin, Veena, Tambura, Sitar, Harmonium,
Guitar, Mandolin, Piano, and tunes them.
Tests particular instrument to find nature of
defect, dismanties instrument and examines
parts for defects or damage.
Repairs or
replaces worn or damaged parts using hand
tools, refits parts together to construct
instrument; Sets repaired instrument for correct
performance, tunes instruments by playing it
and adjusting keys, strings, etc. May polish
with colour stain or varnish to give good
May make new parts to replace
damaged ones using hand tools. May be
designated according to type of instrument
repaired, such as VIOLIN REPAIRER,
7312.90 Musical Instrument Makers and
Tuners, Other include all other musical
instrument makers engaged in making or
assembling other types of musical instruments
not elsewhere classified as: Organ Pipe Maker
casts sheets of organ metal; makes pipes
therefrom and from zinc-makes air conduits of
galvanised iron.
Jewellery and precious metal workers make and
repair Jewellery and precious metalware, cut and
set gems and engrave designs on Jewellery and
precious metal articles.
7313.10 Roller, Gold and Silver makes silver
and gold sheets of varied thickness by process of
rolling. Adjusts roll gap of rolling machine by
means of handle operating gearing system
machine. Takes required weight and size of
metal piece (caste and annealed if necessary) and
carefully inserts it in between roller, keeping it
pressed against bottom roller. Checks thickness
of sheet after each rolling, reduces roll gap and
repeats process until required thickness is
obtained. Ensures that texture of sheet or foil
does not get spoilt during rolling. May prepare
sheets or foils manually by process of
hammering and flattening. May anneal sheet or
foil after rolling.
7313.15 Wire Maker, Gold and Silver makes
silver and gold wires of specified thickness by
heating and drawing metal in specially designed
machine. Takes gold or silver rod of required
size and weight and heats it up (dull red) in mild
fire. Beats one end of rod to narrow point and
passes it through one of larger holes of sizing
plate or die. Places plate with rod securely in
gap of drawing machine. Holds protruding end
of rod with tongs and anchors it suitably in roller
chain. Sets speed, starts machine and removes
anchor from chain as soon as rod has been pulled
through and formed into wire. Repeats process
by passing wire successively through smaller
holes until required size is obtained. May draw
wire of desired thickness through series of dies
(steel or diamo nd) of diminishing holes and
wind it on manually or mechanically operated
drum. May also make wire manually by beating
rod in sized pattern or mould.
7313.18 Gold Curer, General; Gold Refiner,
General extracts pure gold from impure state by
chemical process. Adds double quantity of
silver to gold (in impure state) and melts them
in charcoal or coke fired pit furnace. Quenches
molten metal in water to form solid mass.
Adds nitric acid and reheats in charcoal fired
furnace to dissolve impurities and silver.
Removes gold separated from impurities by
filtration and washes it numbers of times in
water. Remelts washed gold to form bar of
pure gold. Extracts silver in same manner by
adding requisite quantity of copper to solution.
for beating. May light small coal fire to remove
moisture from skin and avoid sticking of metal
leaves on skin sheets.
7313.20 Gold Curer, Mint; Gold Refiner,
Mint refines impure gold by chemical process.
Melts unrefined gold in furnace and injects
chlorine into it. Removes Chlorides (chemical
compounds of impurities with chlorine) thus
formed by scoop and tongs and pours out
purified gold. Re melts purified gold for testing
fineness and sampling. Repeats process if
necessary. May melt acid treated roasted
precipitates of impure gold with oxidising
agents and sand in steel trays on furnace, pour
out molten gold into buttons and bar moulds
and raise fineness of base bullion by refixing it
using fair clay pipes and compressed air.
7313.28 Goldsmith ; Sonar prepares gold
ornaments of required design and weight by
heating, moulding, bending, drawing etc.
Studies design or sample and takes required
weight of gold by weighing in sensitive balance.
Moulds piece of gold into small bars by heating
on mild fire or takes required weight of sheet or
wire according to design. Makes designed
ornaments by stages using dies and hand tools,
such as tongs, hammer, hand saw drill, file etc.,
and by heating metal according to necessity by
means of oil lamp and blow pipe to facilitate
working. Makes jewel setting arrangements (if
so designed) in ornament uses lac as filling
where necessary. Polishes ornament by cloth,
special yarns, or buff. May make individual
parts of ornament and finally join them together
either by fusing them by heat or fixing them by
wire. May also do jewel setting, enamelling
(mina work) etc.
May be designated as
SILVERSMITH if employed in making silver
wares and ornaments.
7313.22 Gold Foil Maker makes gold foils
from wires for setting jewels in ornaments.
Moulds gold into small bar and gets it drawn
into wire of required gauge. Cuts convenient
length of wire, heats it to specified temperature
in mild fire and flattens it to extent possible by
beating it with hammer on anvil. Reheats it in
controlled low fire, cools and cleans it in
chemical or solution of lemon juice and water
and repeats process of beating on anvil until it
turns into thin paper like foil. Ensures at every
stage that foil is not cracked or broken. May
also prepare silver foils from wire, and is
designated as SILVER FOIL MAKER.
7313.30 Jewel Setter; Gem Setter sets jewels in
ornaments according to design. Fixes jewels on
wooden board or box by shellac according to
design. Examines ornaments for jewel setting
and makes necessary alternations if required.
Lays ornament on table, heats shellac slightly on
oil lamp, picks up jewels one at a time, sets them
individually in pockets of ornament designed for
fixing jewels and securely locks each one of
them by bending metal points over jewel or by
overplapping system.
Is designated as
KUNDAN WORKER if engaged in setting
jewels by pressing pieces of thin gold foils with
tweezer and needle.
7313.25 Leaf Maker, Gold and Silver beats
small strips of gold and silver into thin leaves
for medicinal purposes, dressing sweet dishes,
etc. Cuts small strips of desired metal into
suitable size and places them individually in
between sheets of special type of skin bound
together. Covers sheets of skin holding metal
inside thicker skin covering and beats them on
anvil with wooden malet. Checks extent of
spreading frequently while beating and ensures
that metal pieces do not get stuck to skin
sheets. Removes metal leaves then formed and
places them individually on fine paper sheets.
May use special type of paper instead of skin
7313.35 Gem Sorter; Jewel Sorter examines,
selects and removes gems from rough stones by
pincer. Lays pieces of rough stones on table.
Cuts them in smaller pieces if necessary,
examines them individually with magnifying
glass and locates portion to be retained. Checks
frequently portion to be cut and clips off surplus
portion bit by bit by pincer or marks stones with
Indian ink. Fixes them in sockets in brass rod,
using adhesive solution (sicotine, plaster of paris
etc.) for sawing. Eliminates white veins from
corals and sorts pearls by shape and size.
7313.45 Gem Slicer cuts jewels for sizing by
using thin rotating cutter. Applies cutting
solution (solution of ‘Multan’ clay , corrundum
and diamond powder) on cutter.
Lapidary Helper to rotate driving wheel at
steady speed. Holds stone or jewel carefully
with fingers, presses it against cutter, applies
cutting solution frequently and cuts jewels as
required. Checks stone or jewel frequently
while cutting to ensure proper sizing. May
slice jewels by machine having number of
cutting blades. May also extract jewels from
rough stone by slicing. Is also known as
if employed in
sawing diamonds.
fingers and manipulating against revolving
7313.50 Gem Cleaver cuts or cleaves precious
stones, previously marked, using knife and
hammer. Sets marked stone in dop with
shellac and fixes dop on cleaving table. Makes
groove along marked line with another
diamond tool.
Places cleaving knife on
groove and carefully strikes with small
hammer to split stone into two parts of
required specifications. May repeat process if
further splittings are required.
ornamental designs or letters on ornaments and
jewellery using fine chisels and hand tools.
Draws in pencil required design to be engraved,
on paper, if ornament is fairly big or else draws
design on ornament itself using fine steel point.
Transfers design from paper to ornament by
placing designed paper on surface of metal
coated with wax solution and rubbing surface of
paper to leave impression of design on waxed
surface. Holds ornament in special device or
fixes it in shellac. Marks outlines of design on
ornament using steel point. Engraves design by
stages using different types and sizes of chisels
and hand tools changing position of article on
table as required. Scoops out excess material
from metal using special tools, cuts it to required
depth or height and prepares base for setting and
mounting stone. May make simple designs on
plate for goldsmith to work. May engrave or
emboss by dies and polish ornaments to high
finish. May use compass for marking circular
designs. May set and mount stones on gold
7313.55 Gem Grinder, Hand; Jewel Grinder
Hand; Lapidary, Hand grinds jewels to
designed shape and size by hand operated
grinding wheel. Embeds jewels on bamboo
stick with shellac. Rotates grinding wheel
backwards and forwards by operating bow
with right hand. Applies water on wheel and
grinds stone by pressing it against side of
corrundum grinding wheel. Checks stone
frequently by sight and continues grinding
until required shape and size is obtained. May
hold bigger sized stones directly by left hand,
grind it to shape and size by manipulation of
7313.60 Gem Polisher, Hand polishes gems
according to specification by special manually
or mechanically operated polishing wheels.
Holds jewels by shellac on small bamboo
stock, Fits required type of polishing sheel
(lead for soft stone such as emerald, spinel,
yellow topaz, etc.; copper for hard stones such
as ruby, sapphire etc., and steel plates for
dia monds) and starts wheel. Applies water to
wheel and presses stone against its surface.
Checks stone frequently while polishing for
finish. Polishes stone finally in corrundum
polishing wheel in similar manner. May polish
bigger stones by holding them directly by
7313.68 Gem Driller drills holes in precious
stones according to design with bow drill. Fixes
diamond bit to serve as cutter in drill (wooden
piece having metal device to hold diamond bit)
and sets sized wooden plate having carved
pocket on drilling table. Holds stone to be
drilled in pocket of wooden plate. Arranges
continuous flow of water as coolant at drilling
point. Holds drill in bow and drills stone
according to stone design, frequently checking it
for alignment and shape. Drills pearl by using
sharp steel pin instead of diamond bit.
7313.71 Engraver cuts floral, artistic designs or
letters on metal plates and other articles such as
flower vases, cigarette cases etc., using small
chisels and hammer. Applies chalk or wax
solution on surface to be engraved and makes
free hand sketch or traces design on metal
surface. Holds article in special wooden device
or fixes it in shellac in cases of round articles,
such as plates, ash trays etc., and places it at
convenient height. Marks outline of design with
small chisel. Engraves design by stages with
different chisels by careful manipulation of
hands and fingers to required depth and finish.
May use compass for marking circular designs.
May also engrave
prepared design.
without marking or any
7313.72 Pantograph Machine Operator;
Machine Engraver operates pantograph
machine for engraving letters and designs on
metal surfaces or object with rotary cutters by
copying template (pattern). Cleans object to be
engraved using soap water or other cleaning
substance and clamps it in position under
cutting tool of machine. Fastens required type
of pattern or design in position under tracing
arm of machine. Adjusts length of tracing arm
of machine to scale, depending on size of
engraving desired on object. Starts machine
and manipulates tracing arm by hand in order
of sequence to draw tracing point or styles over
simu ltaneous
reproduction of engraving or cutting by cutting
tool on object according to set scale. Stops
machine when pattern is traced and fully
engraved. Removes engraved piece from table
and cleans surface. May do minor repairs to
7313.73 Embosser, Block embosses letters,
seals, monograms and other designs in metal
blocks by removing excess metal with small
chisels and hammer. Checks metal block for
size and if necessary files it to bring it to
specifications. Applies chalk, wax or copper
sulphate solution on side to be embossed and
traces or makes design on it with instruments
or freehand. Holds block in vice, chisels
outline and chips off excess material from
embossing portion to give raised structure.
Selects right type of chisels and makes
specified design in raised portion by carefully
chipping off material bit by bit and finishes it
clear and distinct. Prepares reverse diagrams
and letters of stamps and seals. May do
enlarged embossing from small designs.
landscape, floral, artistic design etc. on soft
metal sheets by means of hand tools. Melts
powdered gum, mixes it with linseed oil and
applies paste thickly on metal plate to serve as
pad. Warms sheet to be embossed on red hot
charcoal or coke fire and fixes it on pad.
Applies chalk solution on sheet and traces
design or draws freehand sketch on it. Forms
outline of design with punch and hammer.
Regulates striking according to level of
embossing required. Completes design using
various types and sizes of punches and chisels
and by manipulation of finger movements.
Removes embossed sheet from base by warming
it again on fire. May also emboss sheets by dies.
7313.78 Inlayer, Metal sets gold or silver wire
on metal plates according to design using hand
tools and produces colour effect by heat
treatment. Secures sized plate on base using lac.
Applies chalk solution on plate and copies
design or draws freehand-sketch on it. Cuts
design on it with fine chisels in stages and inserts
pieces of gold or silver wire of required
thickness in them with long needle like tool.
Files surface to make it even, polishes in buffing
lathe and heats plate on over till it changes
colour to required shade. Polishes plate by
rubbing with special type of stone. May also set
very thin gold and silver wire on steel plate (soft
work) by first making surface rough by fine
knife cuts and then pressing wire on it according
to design, by fingers and knife.
7313.90 Jewellery, Goldsmith and Silversmith
Workers, other include all jewellery and
precious metal workers not elsewhere classified.
Supervisors and foremen and related workers in
pricision work in metal and related materials
supervise identification, selection, sizing and
setting of jewels in ornaments and precious
metal articles and guide workers engaged in gold
and silversmithy operations.
7318.10 Supervisor and Foreman, Precision
Instrument Making (except electrical)
supervises assembly and repairing of precision
instruments, other than electrical and ensures
their efficient performance. Studies drawings,
sizes calculations and other details as necessary.
Checks components, assemblies etc., with set
standards and precision instruments, gets defects
removed, if any. Explains to workers, details of
assembly or work to be done, tolerance and
accuracy required, operational efficiency, etc.
with sketches if necessary and guides them to
ensure correct working. Checks work at stages
of production and also on completion and
ensures stipulated accuracy.
prescribed records and registers. May supervise,
repairs and making of one or more types of
7318.20 Supervisor and Foreman, Musical
Instrument Making supervises production of
string, wind or percussion musical instruments
and ensures their correct tuning. Studies
specifications of individual or batch of musical
instruments to be made and distributes work
according to type of instrument amongst
specialised workers. Arranges for various
parts and accessories such as reeds, cabinet,
shell, metal strings, leather etc., as required
and maintains necessary stock to distribute
amongst workers as needed.
tooling, assembling and production processes,
gets defects removed as noticed and guides
workers to ensure correct working. Checks
tuning, fittings, finish and other details with
standard sample and prescribed specifications
and ensures correct production. Maintains
prescribed records and registers, conducts
repairs of defective instruments and performs
other tasks as may be assigned to him
according to nature of undertaking and
responsibility held. May train new workers.
May specialise in one or more of musical
7318.30 Supervi sor, Jewellery, Engraving
and Precious Metal Working supervises
selection, identification and processing of
jewels, making and engraving metal
ornaments, inlaying metal pieces, etc., and
ensures desired finish with minimum wastage.
Guides workers in examining, selecting cutting
and processing real and artificial pearls and
stones according to design or customer’s
specifications. Issues correct weight of gold or
silver to workers, explains size and design of
ornaments to be made, engravings to be done,
jewels to be set or studded, etc., and supervises
work to ensure correct working with minimum
loss or wastage. Selects artistic designs for
engraving inlaying or embossing metals, other
than ornaments, and workers to reproduce
them on articles for sale, decoration or display.
Checks purity of gold and silver to determine
value of used or new ornaments. May be
experienced or specialised in any particular
type of work and be designed accordingly.
May assist customers in selecting pearls and
jewels, and determining design or ornaments to
be made.
7318.90 Supervisors and Foremen and
Related Workers in Precision Work in
Metal and Related Materials, other include
workers who supervise identification, selection,
sizing and setting of jewels in ornaments and
precious metal articles and guide workers
engaged in gold and silversmithy operations not
elsewhere classified.
Potters, glass makers and related trades workers
make bricks , tiles, pottery, porcelainware and
glassware, engrave and etch designs on glass
articles, and paint or decorate glass, ceramics and
related articles and signs.
Abrasive wheel formers, potters and related
workers make pottery, porcelainware, bricks,
tiles and abrasive wheels.
7321.10 Mould Maker, Pottery and Porcelain
makes moulds of plaster-of-Paris from models
for production of pottery and porcelain ware.
Collects requisite quantity of plaster-of-Paris and
dissolves it in fixed amount of water to make
semi -liquid substance ; stirs liquid throughly
with hand or stirring rod to acquire desired
consistency; applies soap solution inside master
mould to prevent plaster-of-Paris sticking inside
mould; pours liquid plaster-of-Paris into master
mould stirs plaster-of-Paris by hand inside
master mould to remove air bubbles; allows
plaster-of-Paris to settle and dry inside master
mould; scrapes off surplus plaster-of –Paris from
master mould using steel scraper; opens master
mould and removes mould into hot chamber for
drying. May form porcelain wares using plasterof- Paris moulds. May work from drawings
without model.
7321.15 Caster, Pottery and Porcelain casts
clay and porcelain wares like cups, bowls, pots,
etc. by pouring slip (semi-liquid clay) into
plaster-of-Paris moulds. Selects moulds and
cleans inside to remove dust and foreign matter;
holds parts of mould together and ties around
outer face with cord to prevent leakage of slip
through joints; stirs slip thoroughly in container,
adding water if necessary to obtain proper
consistency; fills pitcher with slip and pours it
into mould; pours excess slip from mould after
shell of clay of required thickness has formed
inside mould; places mould upside down to drip
and dry; unties cord holding mould parts
together, and removes partially dry moulded
ware; scrapes ware with knife like tool;
smoothens it with wet sponge and places it on
drying rack. May fix attachments to ware
where required.
7321.20 Clay Toy Maker makes toys from
clay. Mixes mud or special type clay with
water to make wet or plastic clay of desired
selects appropriate wooden
mould (in 2 pieces) of desired type of toys,
figures, etc. to be made; presses wet mud or
plastic clay or pours semi-liquid clay into
mould and allows it to dry; dismantles mould
blocks carefully and removes moulded figure
or toy; fixes required attachments to toys to
make complete unit; gives finishing touches to
pieces with blade and wet cloth to give desired
and distinct features and smoothness and
allows them to dry in open sun or under shade;
paints clay form with hand brush and desired
colours to give final touch. May dress toys or
dolls with appropriate dress and other
accessories such as hairs and ornaments. May
make simp le toys by hand moulding by
building form and features by deft use of
7321.25 Moulder, Hand (Ceramics) makes
ceramic articles such as sanitary wares;
abrasive wheels, bricks, tiles, etc. by pressing
moist clay by hand in plaster of Paris or
Wooden (Bihar) moulds and moulding it to
desired shape or form. Kneads moist clay with
hands and feet or by shood (Bihar) to give it
required consistency or plasticity; applies thin
coating of oil or clay dust or both, inside
mould to prevent moist clay sticking to surface
when filled; presses clay firmly into mould by
hand, with mallet or by means of ramming tool
to pack mould uniformly; scraps off projecting
clay with sharp instrument to give moulded
article smooth edge; allows clay to remain in
mould for short time to dry and shrink slightly;
removes semidry ware from mould and places
it in drying chamber, after checking defects, to
form and shape. May specialise in particular
branch, i.e. figures, tea pots, sanitary wares,
7321.30 Maker; Jiggerman; Jolly Machine
Operator (Pottery & Porcelain) operates
jigger or jolly machine for moulding damp and
plastic clay or porcelain into articles such as
jars, cups, saucers, etc. Selects proper shaping
tool or metal die for desired shape of ware and
fits it to jollyarm of machine; clamps mould
covered with flat sheet or clay into holder of
jigger or jolly; sets automatic screw to obtain
desired thickness of ware; starts machine and
releases pedal lever to allow holder to rotate;
lowers jollyarm on clay to shape ware and
applies wet sponge or cloth as necessary to keep
proper consistency for shaping; turns hand lever
in reverse direction to send back jollyarm to its
original position; depresses pedal to stop holder
from rotating and removes pressed and moulded
article from machine and places it at near by
rack; cleans holder and jollyarm with wet cloth
or brush to remove stuck clay; repeats process.
May fix handles and other fixtures to finished
product. May repair and service machine.
7321.35 Turner, Pottery and Porcelain
operates pattern wheel to trim to desired shape
unbaked pottery and porcelain ware formed by
Caster, Maker and Thrower with appropriate
hand tools. Fixes ware in wheel; sets and starts
machine to rotate piece; selects appropriate
trimming tool and presses and manipulates tool
against ware to obtain desired shape; removes
shaped ware from wheel. May smoothen and
finish surface using sand paper.
7321.40 Brick and Tile Moulder, Hand moulds
by hand bricks or tiles of various shapes and
sizes using appropriate moulds. Smears inside of
mould with thin coating of oil or dusts it with dry
clay. Kneads lump of clay to obtain proper
consistency and throws it into mould. Presses
clay into mould by hand so as to fill in mould
completely. Scrapes off excess clay from mould
and turns mould upside down to remove
moulded brick or tile.
7321.50 Abrasive -Wheel Moulder tends
hydraulic press to mould synethetic abrasive
discs, hones and grinding wheels. Selects mould
parts according to size and thickness of wheel
desired and assembles parts to form mould.
Weights out specified amounts of abrasive,
compound and adhesive, pours compound into
mould on rotating turntable, and inserts bushings
and hub nuts in centre of mould to form wheel.
Places top plate on mo uld, positions mould in
press and turns valves and leavers to close press
and start pressing cycle. Removes pressed
wheels from mould and places on plates for
drying in kilns. May stamp or mark code
numbers on pressed wheels. May mix grit, resin
and clay to form abrasive compound, using
mixing machine. May be designated according
to type of abrasive used such as DIAMOND
7321.60 Potter; Thrower (Pottery and
Porcelain) forms pottery or porcelain ware by
moulding clay with hands as it revolves on
potters wheel. Places lump or soft pliable clay
in centre of flat wheel; rotates wheel by foot or
machine, or by giving few quick turns using
stick; centres clay on wheel by pressure of
hands, and fashions ware of desired shape and
size by softening clay with water and
manipulating with hands; cuts ware from base
with wet thread and removes it for drying.
May knead, work and prepare clay and bake
wares in kiln. May trim dried articles to
desired shape by turning it using cutting tools.
7321.90 Abrasive Wheel Formers, Potters
and Related Workers, other include workers
who make pottery, porcelainware, bricks, tiles
and abrasive wheels not elsewhere classified.
Glassmakers, cutters, grinders and finishers
blow, mould, press and roll shapes from
molten glass and cut, grind and polish glass.
7322.10 Blower, Glass blows molten glass
into shape by means of blowpipe. Receives
blowpipe with molten glass from Blower
Helper and shapes glass by blowing into and
manipulating pipe or by blowing glass into
shape of mould. May specialise in blowing
any particular object and be designated
accordingly such as BOTTLE BLOWER,
7322.12 Blower, Laboratory Apparatus;
Table Blower (Glass) shapes glass tubing, by
specifications to form scientific apparatus such
as flasks, retorts, stills and pipettes. Obtains
glass tubing of suitable bore and length. Heats
tubing to viscous condition by manipulating it
over bunsen burner. Blows heated tubing into
specified forms with either compressed air or
own breath. Shapes bends, or joins together
sections of blown tubing using various glass
forming tools. Checks capacities of apparatus
to ensure correct specifications. May work
from drawings or other specifications.
7322.14 Blower Helper (Glass) assists Blower
in the manufacture of glass articles. Dips bubble
prepared on blowpipe by Bubble Maker into
molten glass and gathers required quantity of
mo lten glass for type of article to be made. Rolls
gathered glass in cup-shaped metallic plate,
containing water and oil to spread molten glass
to bubble uniformly ; takes blowpipe with glass
bubble, and hands over blowpipe to Blower for
blowing desired article. May act as Blower to
mould required glass products when necessary.
7322.16 Bubble Maker ; Bubbler (Glass)
gathers molten glass from furnace on heated end
of metal blowpipe for blowing desired article by
Blower. Heats one end of metal blowpipe, dips
it in tank of molten glass and rolls it round to
gather required quantity of molten glass around
its tip. Removes pipe end from tank and rolls
gathered glass over iron plate to give it uniform
shape. Checks shape of glass bubble at tip end
and blows through pipe to expand glass bubble
slightly in size. Cools glass bubble in air for
some time before further processing by Blower
7322.18 Bubble Cooler ; Bubble Holder
(Glass) air cools glass bubble made by Bubble
Blows gently by mouth through
blowpipe to expand bubble slightly, depending
upon the size and shape of article to be produced.
Rolls or waves belowpipe to air cool bubble.
May work as BUBBLE MAKER, when
7322.20 Mouldman; Mould Catcher; Moulder
(Glass) opens and closes metal mould for
blowing of glass ware. Selects and places in
position appropriate metal mould according to
size and shape of glass ware to be produced.
Heats mould to required temperature to ensure
that mould is not too hot or cold when molten
glass is blown into it, with a view to prevent
cracking of glass. Opens mould to receive
molten glass from tip of blowpipe and closes it;
allows Blower to blow molten glass to desired
shape of mould, and opens mould after blowing
is over to remove blowpipe. Cools mould to
required temperature by pouring cold water to
remove product.
7322.22 Bender, Glass heats and bends glass
tubing or pipettes to form articles such as neon
signs and other articles. Fixes asbestos pattern
on work bench. Marks and cuts glass tubing
with file and breaks off required length. Ignites
gas burner and holds tube in flame at point
where bend is desired, rotating tube to heat it
uniformly. Places one end of rubber hose over
end of tube and the other end in his mouth;
blows through hose to prevent tube from
collapsing and bends the tube. Places bent
tube on asbestos pattern to check accuracy of
reheating and bending glass, if
necessary ; fuses together sections of bent
tubing. Cools bended tubing by annealing it
manually, ensuring uniform wall thickness.
May specialise in a particular product and be
designated accordingly.
7322.24 Gatherer (Glass) gathers specified
amount of molten glass on end of iron rod and
carries it to Pressman. Dips end of iron rod or
blowpipe into pot in furnace containing molten
glass; collects required amount of molten glass
on end of rod or blowpipe and carries it to
Pressman for further processing. May assist
Blower by preliminary shaping or blowing.
7322.26 Drawer; Tarwala (Glass) draws
molten glass into wire of desired thickness for
making bangles.
Heats in oven parison
(intermediate shape produced in the
manufacture of a glass article in more than one
stage) attached to one end of iron rod till glass
becomes sufficiently viscous (semi -fluid) ;
draws molten glass into thread to be wound
into coil on steel roller by Rollerman.
7322.28 Bead Maker (Glass) makes beads
from glass. Melts end of solid glass rod using
gas burner or furnace. Takes small globule of
molten glass on end of metal wire and spins
wire till bead is formed, or rolls globule of
glass in mould to form bead of desired size and
shape. Cools and solidifies glass article by
holding it over blast of compressed air. Opens
mould and removes beads. May make beads
by blowing process.
7322.29 Optical Worker cuts and grinds
optical components. Coats them by vacuum
deposition. Cements optical glass lenses;
etches, engraves and prints metals/ non- metals
using photographic or rulling techniques.
Applies chemical and spray techniques in
assembly of optical instruments. Cuts blanks
from slabs/ moulds and smothers and polishes
on machine or by hand operation. Centres and
edges the lenses. Carries out on line stage and
interline stage inspection of components. May
make test plates, master and articulates by
photographic techniques, thin film multi layer
vaccum deposition for wide bend anti-reflection
and laser mirror coating.
7322.30 Lens Grinder operates grinding
machine to grind surfaces of lens blanks to
required curvature and thickness. Selects metal
grinding disc with required dioptric curve and
clamps it on spindle of machine. Places metal
block with mounted lens blank in position
against grinding disc. Starts machine and applies
various grades of abrasives or emery paste to
disc as required periodically during grinding
process for surfacing the lens blank; removes
block from machine after specified time and
examines blanks for defects. Uses different
curvature metallic discs for surfacing both sides
of the lens blank in case of cylindrical or
spherical lenses. May mount blanks on metal
7322.32 Edger; Lens Edger (Optical Glass)
grinds and smooths edges of lenses or lens
blanks to reduce them to required size and shape.
Selects metal pattern and inserts it into head of
edging machine. Inserts rubber faced pad in lens
holder, smears lens with oil and places lens in
holder. Aligns lens with pattern and clamps lens
in holding device of machine. Manipulates
levers to press lens edge against rotating wet
grind-stone and remo ves lens when grinding is
complete. Measures and inspects work for
conformance to specifications. Smooths rough
edges by holding lens against grinding wheel.
May fit edged optical lenses into spectacle
frames. May also dress grinding wheel.
7322.34 Lens Polisher (Optical) sets and
operates machine to polish surfaces of lens blank
to high lustre.
Selects and fits felt-lined
polishing mould of required size and curvature
on lower spindle of machine; position block on
which lens blanks are mounted against polishing
tool ; starts machine and applies rouge or any
other polishing compound to disc periodically
during polishing process to polish blank to
required level of lustre. Stops machine and
removes block after specified time to examine
blanks for defects. May operate battery of
polishing machines. May operate cylindrical
polishing machine.
7322.35 Lens Centerer and Edger (Optical
Glass) locates optical centre of lenses used in
precision optical instruments, such as telescope,
microscope or camera and grinds their edges
concentric with optical axis. Positions lens in
cement bed in chuck and sets chuck in spindle
of lathe of centering machine. Starts machine;
observes in revolving lens light reflected from
mirror in machine ; moves and positions lens
in cement bed until image remains stationery
denoting optical centre found. Hardens cement
to secure lens in position and grinds edges to
specified degree over revolving abrasive
grinding stone. Inspects and measures work
frequently as grinding proceeds. May fit
glasses in frame according to prescription.
May polish lens.
7322.38 Wheel Grinder, Glass grinds and
finishes rough edges of glass-white on flat
grinding wheel.
Examines glass articles
processed by Glass Cutter and collects pieces
with uneven and rough edges for grinding.
Switches on grinding wheel, moistens surface
of wheel by pouring water, applies and
maintains adequate supply of moist emery
powder or other suitable abrasive on centre of
wheel so that it spreads out on its surface;
holds by hand glass article on revolving
grinding wheel to smoothen rough and sharp
Checks article for proper finish.
Washes and cleans processed article. May cut
glass. May polish surfaces.
7322.40 Edge Finisher , (Glass) smoothens
sharp and rough, edges of beakers flasks,
tumblers and other glass articles by melting
edges on glass flame. Sets edge finishing
machine, and lights gas burners in machine ;
places glass article on disc which rotates
through gas flame. Regulates colour and
intensity of flame by manipulating valve.
Starts machine to rotate disc through flame to
soften and smoothen edge. Stops machine to
check smoothened surface; removes article
with tong when smoothening is completed.
7322.45 Cutter, Glass Bangles cuts glasswire-coil into rings of required size with
Carborundum (silicon carbide-hard abrasive).
Selects wooden rod of required size and girth
and inserts it through glass-wire -coil; places
wooden rod in position in work bench and
scratches across glass coil with carborundum
to cut into rings; draws out cut bangles by hand
and passes them for further processing. May
join two ends of cut ring to form complete
7322.50 Cooling Man; Bench Man (Glass)
separates moulded glass articles from blowpipe
by chilling film of glass, joining blowpipe and
moulded article. Receives moulded glass article
fixed with blowpipe from Blower Glass; pours
water on metal between tube and article and
nipps off glass to separate moulded article from
blowpipe. Removes glass article from mould;
counts number of articles and passes them to
carrier. May work as BUBBLER or MOULD
7322.55 Glass Cutter, Other; Glass Cracker;
Glass Trimmer cuts glass tubes, rods, sheets or
other articles to specified sizes and shapes, using
hand tools or cutting machine. Lays stock of
glass sheet, tubes or rods on padded surface of
table, places pattern on glass article, marks out
and cuts pattern with glass cutter tool; breaks
away excess glass by hand or with notched tool.
Stocks cut part aside for re moval. May grind
and smoothen edges, using belt sander.
7322.60 Joiner, Glass Bangles melts and joins
both ends of glass ring cut by Cutter, Glass
Bangles, using burner and blowpipe. Holds ring
by tong, heats unjoined ends over gas flame or
burner to me lt glass; blows blowpipe to melted
ends to fuse both ends together to form glass
7322.90 Glassmakers, Cutters, Grinders and
Finishers, other include workers who blow,
mould, press and roll shapes from molten glass
and cut, grind and polish glass not elsewhere
Glass engravers and etchers engrave and etch
designs on glass articles.
7323.10 Engraver Glass; Glass
engraves ornamental and floral designs,
monographs etc. on glass ware using revolving
copper or stone engraving wheel. Sketches or
traces with crayon outline of design on surface of
glass article; mounts copper or stone wheel of
proper width and diameter on machine; starts
wheel; moistens revolving wheel with water;
holds glass ware with both hands against outer
edge of wheel, so that it grinds and cuts into
glass surface along outline of traced or sketched
Changes wheels to make cuts of
different sizes. May polish engraved pattern.
7323.20 Glass Etcher etches, with acid,
decorative designs, calibration markings,
numerals, lines and other markings on glass
articles. Prepares acid bath; dips waxed glass,
on which design or other markings have been
drawn, into acid bath, or exposes it to acid
fumes so that portions not covered with wax
will be eaten away; rinses etched glass in cold
water to remove acid and then in hot water to
remove wax. May coat articles with wax.
7323.30 Sand-Blaster; Froster Embosser;
Obscuring Machine Operators (Glass) cuts
artistic designs, according to pattern, in
surfaces of glass articles, such as bowls and
vases, using sand blasting equipment.
Transfers drawing of desired design to outer
side of adhesive tape; covers glass with tape,
and cuts design out of tape with knife to
uncover area of glass to be sand-blasted.
Operates compressed air gun that blows fine
sand against uncovered glass and cuts design
into or frosts surface. Removes protective tape
from glass. May make freehand drawing of
design to be cut. May blast design into inside
of bowl or vase to create raised rather than
sunken effect.
7323.40 Volume Man marks with special ink
and pen measurements and units on outer
surface of apparatus such as pipettes, burrettes,
flasks and measuring glasses for making
permanent engraving on them. Positions glass
article to be calibrated on levelling stand and
pours required volume of water from automatic
pipette. Marks out base of water level on outer
surface of article with special ink and pen;
pours out water on completion of calibration
and passes it to Waxingman, Glass.
7323.50 Waxing Man (Glass) applies coating
of melted wax on exterior surfaces of glassware previously marked by Volume Man to be
graduated, by dipping articles in molten wax.
Heats and melts paraffin -wax cakes of
specified quality in suitable vessel over heater;
holds article, previously marked by Volume
Man with tongs and dips it in molten wax,
holding it for required time to give exterior
surface of article thin uniform coating of wax.
Removes article from wax to dry and cool for
further processing by Graduator.
molten wax with brush to touch up unwaxed
and defectively waxed portion of article.
Scrapes off wax coating from surface of etched
articles. May apply wax on article by pouring it
on article from vessel.
7323.90 Glass Engravers and Etchers, Other
include all other workers engaged in different
operations for engraving and etching glass
articles by manual or mechanical processes, not
elsewhere classified.
Glass, ceramics and related decorative painters
decorate articles made of wood, metal, textile,
glass, ceramics and other materials, and plan, lay
out and paint letters and designs to make signs.
7324.10 Glass Enameller; Glass Painter, Hand
enamels, paints or stains decorative free-hand
designs on glass with hand brush and paint.
Draws outline of design on surface of glass
article; mixes paint, enamel or stain to obtain
desired shade or colours; places objects on work
bench, and applies paint or enamel of various
colours to it by hand-brush and according to
pattern. May place painted glass in furnace for
prescribed period, so that colours are fused to
glass. May mix own colours.
7324.20 Hand Painter (Ceramics) paints, free
hand, designs on pottery or porcelain ware or
tiles, using small hand brushes, according to
pattern. Marks outline of design on surface of
article with pencil; mixes paints to obtain desired
shade or colours; places object on work bench
and applies paints of various colours to it by
hand brush and according to pattern; keeps
painted ware on rack to dry. May heat articles
by placing them in racks of electrically operated
ovens at required temperature for fixed periods
so that colours are fused to surface of object.
May prepare own designs. May mix own
7324.30 Decorator (Ceramics) transfer from
paper –transfer decorative or ornamental designs
on pottery or porcelain ware. Selects paper
transfer of suitable or specified design, and
according to size and shape of the pottery;
applies varnish to the surface of the pottery on
which design is to be transferred; applies and
presses the paper-transfer skillfully and
uniformly, avoiding any air-gap between the
surface of article and paper transfer ; dips the
article in water, removes the paper, and wipes off
the extra varnish on the surface of article; dries
the article for further firing. May prepare own
7324.40 Spray Painter (Ceramics) sprays
paint on pottery, porcelain ware, bricks, tiles,
or sprays liquid glaze on large pieces which
cannot be dipped easily in a solution. Fills
container of spray gun with paint or glaze of
desired colour; fixes container to spray gun
and couples gun to air-hose; starts compressor
or opens valve on compressed air line; presses
trigger and directs spray of liquid over surfaces
of objects ; places ware on rack to dry ; cleans
gun and hose with solvents. May use stencils
for spraying various designs on objects. May
mix own colours.
7324.50 Glazer, Pottery and Porcelain coats
by dipping biscuit ware (pottery articles after
firing but before glazing) with glaze solution.
Cleans ware such as dish, plate or saucer to
remove dust by spraying it with air gun or
dusting it with clean cloth. Checks and rejects
articles with cracks and other defects. Holds
articles with tongs or fingers and dips it in tub
containing liquid, glaze; stirs liquid solution
with hand or stirring rod thoroughly from time
to time to acquire desired thickness of glaze
coating; removes it from tub and holds it just
above surface of liquid, turning article around
to ensure even coating and to throw off excess
glaze; places ware on rack to dry and rubs
glaze over spot where tongs or fingers touched
; removes excess glaze from dry ware by
rubbing it with a buffing wheel or other
implement. May apply liquid glaze with spray
gun on large pieces which cannot be easily
dipped in a solution.
7324.60 Mirror Silverer, Silverer Mirror
coats new and old mirror glass with silvering
Weighs and mixes ingredients
according to formula to prepare silvering
solution of required consistency; places
cleaned mirror glass on silvering table; covers
surface of glass with silvering solution and
levels glass by means of wedges so that
solution may not run off; allows silvering
solution to remain on glass for prescribed
period, drains excess of solution from glass
and washes silvered glass in distilled water;
dries mirror on drying table; coats silvered
surface of glass with copper solution and
protective paint to protect silvering from
moisture. May spray silvering solution over
glass surface using spray gun.
7324.90 Glass, Ceramics and Related
Decorative Painters, Other include workers
who decorate articles made of wood, metal,
textile, glass, ceramics and other materials, and
plan, lay out and paint letters and designs to
make signs not elsewhere classified.
This Family covers occupations not classified
elsewhere in Group 732, Abrasive wheel
formers, potters and related workers. For
instance workers in this Family mix raw
material and operate various types of machines
connected with manufacture of glass, ceramics
and pottery articles etc.
7329.10 Crusher Attendant, Stone operates
machine in which lumps of stone are crushed to
reduce them to desired size. Starts machine
and regulates flow of stones from conveyor
chutes or bins, shovels or throws stones into
hopper of machine; prods large sized stone
pieces to force them between crusher jaws with
bar; breaks oversize stones with hand hammer;
loosens clogged material in machine with bar;
places empty containers at delivery-end to
receive crushed materials; cleans, lubricates
and makes minor repairs to machine. May
operate machine fitted with conveyor system
and may sieve powder into different grades.
7329.15 Grinder; Edge Runner Attendant
(Stone and Clay) tends and feeds grinding
machine to grind pieces of rock or clay into
fine dust. Adjusts clearance between rollers
and bed stone (solid plate) of machine for
fineness of grinding required; starts machine
and feeds material into machine with shovel
breaking loosens clogged material in machine
with bar; large pieces with bar or hammer if
necessary; regulates water valve to let out
requisite water into machine to settle dust.
May clean and oil machine.
7329.20 Granulator Attendant, (Cement);
Nodulizer Man tends granulator (mixing
machine) to splash raw materials of cement
with spray of water to produce granules of
material for burning in kiln. Starts machine
and regulates feed to material (Cement dust)
into granulator; sprays water into granulator
through water pipe while machine rotates at
speed; observes mixing of material and water to
determine if uniform granules are being
formed; regulates feed of material, rotation of
pelletizer amount of water spray, and heat of
oven to insure pellets are produced to
specifications; opens inspection ports on oven
and observes or removes pellets for
examination to ensure specified hardness and
7329.25 Clay Maker (Pottery) prepares and
makes clay for making pottery articles.
Mixes different types of clay manually or in
mixing machine fitted with double shafts and
rollers; adds required quantity of water for
mixing clay; stacks clay in yards for curing
and drying ; checks by sight and touch that
moisture contents of clay are to required
standard for pressing; adds more water if
required; feeds conveyor with cured clay for
dropping in mixing and pug mill or feeds mill
manually with clay.
7329.30 Sorter, Glass Products sorts
finished glass products for uniformity, size
and quality. Examines glass or glass ware for
conformity to specification ; measures and
checks dimensions, shape, patterns and
casting with measuring instruments or gauges
; scrutinizes product for cracks, scratches,
non-uniformity of colour and other flaws and
sorts glass products into first second, third
etc., quality depending upon finish of
products; rejects imperfect product and piles
them separately. May remove minor surface
scratching by grinding surface with rouge and
smooth rough edges using belt sander.
7329.35 Checker; Examiner ; Sorter
(Ceramics) examines pottery and porcelain
ware by touch and sight at different stages of
production, rejects defective pieces and
classifies goods according to quality.
7329.40 Sorter, Brick and Tile; Checker,
Brick and Tile sorts burned bricks, tiles or
refractory goods according to colour (shade),
hardness and quality. Removes product from
kiln, examines it visually for colour, hardness
and shape; taps product with finger or
wooden rod to judge quality by sound ;
discards broken pieces; sorts and marks in
chalk products according to shade, quality,
etc. May be designated according to material
7329.90 Glass Makers, Potters and Related
Workers, Other include all other workers
engaged in glass forming, pottery and related
activities by manual or mechanical processes,
not elsewhere classified.
Handicraft workers in wood, textile, leather and
related materials apply traditional techniques to
produce articles for personal or household use,
as well as for decorative purposes.
Handicraft workers in wood and related
materials apply traditional techniques to
prepare wood, straw, rattan, reeds, stone, clay,
shells, and other materials, and carve, mould,
assemble, weave, or paint and decorate various
articles for personal or household use, or for
decorative purposes.
7331.10 Lamp Shade Maker makes lamp
shades from cardboard, parchment, plastics or
cloth. Selects frames of required shapes and
sizes. Cuts material of desired design to fit
frame; winds tape spirally over upper and lower
rings of frame to form foundation for attaching
material; pins covering material between rings,
distributing it evenly; sews temporary stitches
to material around lower wire and then top
wire, pulling material taunt; sews material
permanently to frame using various stitches
depending on whether material is plain, rippled
or pleated; trims off excess material with pair
of scissors and sews in lining; sews trimming
around top and bottom edges of shade or
attaches trimmings to lamp shades. Glues parts
of shades together, and secures shades made of
paper, parchment or other materials into prefabricated wire frames. May fabricate wire
frames by intertwining, welding together metal
7331.90 Handicraft Workers in Wood and
Related Materials, Other include workers
who apply traditional techniques to prepare
wood, straw, rattan, reeds, stone, clay, shells,
and other materials, and carve, mould,
assemble, weave, or paint and decorate various
articles for personal or household use, or for
decorative purposes not elsewhere classified.
Handicraft workers in textile, leather and
related materials apply traditional techniques
and patterns to produce woven fabrics,
knitted, embroidered, woven and other
garments and articles for household use, as
well as traditional footwear, handbags, belts
and other accessories.
7332.10 Candle Maker, Hand makes candle
of special sizes or shapes by hand, dipping
prepared wicks in molten wax, paraffin or
similar material. Suspends candle wicks
from metal frame and manipulates pulley
system by hand to dip wicks into molten wax,
paraffin or similar material until required
thickness of wax adheres to wicks; removes
and rolls candles under "rolling board", nibs
ends in "nibbing board", cuts to length, and
places in racks to harden.
7332.20 Candle Moulder operates battery of
multiple moulding machines in which candles
are produced in metal moulds through which
continuous wicks are fitted. Opens valve
which fills moulds container with hot water,
and fills moulding trough with hot liquid
wax, using metal pail or metal laddle;
operates valves which empty hot water from
moulding trough and refill with cold water
for cooling wax; allows poured material to
harden in mould; cuts top of continuous
wicks with long bladed knife; removes excess
of candle material in moulding trough with
special bottom-cutting tool which shaves
bottom of candles in mould and also cuts off
wick; operates handle to eject candles up and
into clamp frame above machine; carries
away finished candles and stacks in storage
racks ready for packing; replaces bobbins of
continuous wicks in base of machine and fits
through candle mould as necessary.
7332.30 Carpet Weaver (Carpet & Rug)
operates one or more looms equipped with
pile-wire mechanism to weave carpeting:
Moves lever to open shed and inserts
specified number of pile wires through shed
in sequence to produce pile. Forces cop of
filling into shuttle, using mallet, and inserts
shuttle into loom. Places wax in holder to
lubricate pile wires as wires enter and are
withdrawn from shed. Starts loom and observes
weaving to detect exhausted filling packages,
mispicks, and irregular cutting of pile. Replaces
exhausted filling, inserts pile wires into missed
loops, and replaces dull cutting blades. May be
designated according to type of carpet woven
as Velvet Weaver (carpet & rug).
Automatic (Knitting) operates knitting
machines to knit hose to shape of foot and leg:
Places spools of yarn on spindles of machine
and threads machine. Places welt rod in
retaining notch of welt bar and turns lever to
lower welt bar to knitting position. Pushes yarn
carrier into position and turns bar to start
machine to knit welt. Hooks draw-off straps
from takeup roller to welt rod to hold welt and
leg taut during knitting. Turns handwheels to
position picot bar to knit stitches joining welt to
leg of hose and to raise picot and welt bars after
welt is knitted. Stops machine and clips loose
threads at welt and toe of completed hose,
using scissors. Removes welt rods and hose
from machine. Counts, bundles, and attaches
identifying ticket to hose. Replaces and aligns
needles and points of machine, using pliers.
May clean and oil machine.
7332.50 Hand Printer, Textile prints patterns
of various designs and shades on textiles by
hand using blocks, stencils, screen, spray gun
etc. Mixes dyes to desired shade and thickness.
May be known as CALICO PRINTER if
engaged in printing cloth only.
7332.60 Hand Dyer bleaches and dyes textile
fabric or yarn by hand. Fills tub with water and
mixes chemicals to make bleaching solution of
required strength according to type and quality
of fabric or yarn to be bleached. Washes fabric
or yarn in solution and then rinses it with water.
Spreads fabrics or yarn to dry., Prepares dye
solution by mixing dyes and chemicals with
water in tub.
Boils dye solution when
necessary. Puts fabric or yarn in solution and
stirs it until dyed evenly and to required shade.
Spreads fabric or yarn on line to dry. May also
dry yarn in drying chamber.
7332.70 Penciller; Shader(Woollen Textile)
touches woollen cloth with colour pencils to
cover slight unevenness in shades. Spreads
woollen cloth on table or board and examines
it. Looks for spots or strands with uneven
shade and touches such spots or strands with
pencil of matching colour to give uniform
appearance. May remove colour defects in
cloth with chalk or dye solution.
7332.80 Repairer, Fabrics repairs faults in
textile fabrics by plucking out knots and
replacing broken or imperfect threads using
hand tools. Inspects fabrics for markings that
indicate faults. Plucks out knots with hand
tool and gathers up slacks on loosely woven
Replaces broken or imperfect
threads with needle and thread, in such a way
as to make repair invisible. May examine
fabrics. (Excluded are workers employed
mainly on repairing fabrics by sewing).
7332.90 Handicraft Workers in Textile,
Leather and Related Materials, Other
include workers who are involved in
application of traditional techniques and
patterns to produce woven fabrics, knitted,
embroidered, woven and other garments and
articles for household use, as well as
traditional footwear, handbags, belts and
other accessories not elsewhere classified.
Printing and related trades workers set and
arrange printing type or copy by hand or by
electronic keyboarding or other machines,
make printing plates from typographically or
electronically set –up type or copy, engrave
lithographic stones, printing plates and
rollers, make and print with silk-screens,
print on paper and other materials, or bind
and finish books.
Compositors, typesetters and related workers
set and arrange printing type by hand or
7341.10 Job Printer composes matter by
hand and prints it on manually operated
machine. Sets type by hand, takes and
corrects proof, imposes matter in galley and
prints by manually operated printing
machine, thus performing duties of Hand
Compositor, Proof Reader, Impositor,
Handpressman, Handprinting Machineman.
Cleans and oils machine. May do book
7341.15 Compositor, Hand sets type by hand
for printing. Picks up type from case and
assembles them into words and lines in
composing stick. Arranges even spacing of
lines. Transfers composed matter to galley.
Follows manuscript rigidly but breaks up words
at end of line when necessary.
composed matter according to corrections made
in proof. May make-up matter by positioning
blocks and arranging type for effective display.
May also distribute type into case after matter
is printed.
composed matter from galley and arranges it on
imposing stone in prescribed pattern so that,
when printed, pages can be conveniently
arranged in number series. (Pattern differ
according to number of pages on each printing
sheet). Fixes spacing of margin using wooden
chips, leads and hammer and locks matter in
7341.25 Distributor (Letter Press) distributes
types and other material utilised in composing
to their respective cases and racks in store
Unlocks chase, separates spacing
material, types and blocks, if any, and keeps
them in respective cases and racks; packs and
labels composed material in paper for further
use if required; separates types and spacing
material surplus to requirements, and keeps
them aside for melting. May do composing and
imposing work.
7341.30 Composing Room Operatives
perform variety of routine and low skilled
tasks, such as pulling galley proof or cylinder
proof, stacking formes in racks or carrying
them from racks for printing, washing
composed matter, etc., and be known as:
Forme Carrier carries formes from
composing room to printing - machinemen,
cleans type-heads in formes with water and
wire brush to remove ink and dust; carries
formes to distributors.
Proof Pressman (Galley/Forme) pulls proof
for proof reading in galley forme in initial
stages of printing, or when type-formes have
been imposed and locked in chase.
Galley Proofman if operates flat bed printing
machine to obtain impression on paper from
types heads in galley; places galley with
composed type on bed of machine; applies
printing ink with ink roller manually; places
sheet of paper on type and manually operates
machine to press paper on to type; removes
printed paper and checks clarity of
impression. May take galley proof to Proof
Reader. Oils and cleans machine.
7341.35 Lino Operator; Lino-typesetting
Machine Operator; Intertype Machine
Operator; Composing Machine Operator
lino type operates key-board (similar to that
of typewriter) of lino-type setting or intertype setting machine, to cast lines of type
called slugs. Adjusts machine according to
size of type and length of line to be formed.
Presses keys of keyboard to assemble
matrices to form words and lines following
manuscript rigidly. Breaks up words if
necessary at end of each line. Presses button
at end of each composed line to enable
machine to cast whole line of type
automatically. Casts new lines removing
errors pointed out by Proof Reader. Ensures
that Barman cleans machine and space band,
distributes matrices into magazine of machine
and keeps metal pot full.
7341.40 Mono Operator; Monotype KeyBoard Operator; Composing Machine
perforations on spool of paper used for
casting types of printing. Sets machine to
ensure correct spacing and adjusts line-length
indicator. Mounts spool of paper on machine
and operates key-board following manuscript
at end of each line. Tears off perforated strip
from spool when all matter of manuscript has
been transferred on it.
7341.45 Mono Caster; Caster Operator;
Monotype Caster tends automatic machine
that casts and composes types. Places on
machine spool of paper perforated by Mono
Operator and attaches it to winding roll. Sets
composing stick to required length, inserts
matrix case of required size of type and locks
galley on bed of machine. Starts machine.
Ensures that metal pot is adequately supplied
with metal and maintains proper temperature
of molten metal. Stops machine when galley
is full or casting is completed. Removes
galley from machine for taking proof. May
clean and oil machine.
7341.50 Type Caster operates type-casting
machine for casting types for printing. Selects
and fits appropriate metal mould and matrix to
machine, depending on size and nature of types
to be cast; sets machine to required
performance, aligns matrix and mould using
gauzes, screws etc., and closes die case bridge
of machine; cleans lead chamber and nozzle of
plunger of lead chamber with metal rod; fills
lead chamber with lead blocks for melting;
switches on electrical mechanism in machine or
lights coal in fire-box below lead chamber to
heat metal pot to melt lead blocks. Checks and
maintains correct temperature of molten lead to
ensure proper moulding; starts machine, opens
water circulation system of machine to cool
dies during casting operation and observes
machine pumping molten lead into die mould,
casting types and delivering caste types along
table channel; checks whether caste type
conforms to specifications; removes slag from
molten lead chamber periodically to keep
molten liquid free from impurities; cleans and
oils machine. May clean and dress caste types.
May caste brass or other metal types.
arranges photo-composed type film and fixes it
on paper (positive) in readiness for
reproduction on printing plates. Examines layout of copy. Marks positive to guide in
arranging type and draws lines on positions for
decoration purposes and tabular matter. Waxes
proof-sheets of photo-composition and cuts out
letters and lines as required. Places cut-out
pieces in position on paper using measuring
instruments for guidance. Presses sheet of
tissue paper over photo-composition to ensure
that wax holds pieces in position. Checks
arrangement of composition and makes
necessary alterations. Passes on completed
positive for printing reproduction.
Photo Type -Setting
Operator operates key-board of machine
which reproduces letters on film or sensitized
paper for reproduction in printing. Places
unexposed film or sensitized paper in
photographic element of machine. Examines
lay-out copy for typographical indications, such
as spacing, type faces and length of lines.
Starts machine and sets its dial according to
typographical instructions on layout copy.
Reads copy and depresses keys of keyboard to
reproduce required letters on film or sensitized
Manipulates machine controls as
necessary to change type size and spacing,
adjust camera light and eliminate incorrect
lines. Removes container with exposed film
or sensitized paper on completion of
operation and sends it to developing room.
7341.65 Type Dresser; Type Cutter dresses
cast types by cutting and grinding to make
them uniform for use in composing.
Arranges cast type on grooved stick, transfers
and secures them to metal dressing rod by
screw. Places metal rod in position on table
and files side surfaces of types to remove
unevenness; cuts, groove on one side of type
using metal planer to chip off bottom portion
to make them uniform in height; checks
dressed types for burr and sharp edges and
removes them by grinding and polishing with
emery paper to obtain smooth surface;
transfers dressed type back to wooden stick
for sorting and packing. May sort types into
founts (different types of letters, figures, etc.)
for packing.
7341.70 Roller Maker, Paper Printing casts
rollers from roller composition (product of
glue and glycerine) for use in printing. Cuts
composition into small pieces and melts them
in glue-pot; cleans and oils inside surface of
cylindrical mould; winds jute cord round
steel stalk and places it inside mould; melts
composition in electric furnace controlling
heat to prevent molten composition from over
burning; fixes mould in metallic stand, pours
molten solution in mould to required level
and allows it to set; removes roller from
mould, trims and polishes surface. May do
repair work. May evolve own composition.
Operator tends equipment to reproduce
braille -embossed pages, using one of
following methods: (1) Places master page on
screen bed. Places roll of treated paper on
stand. Threads paper through equipment and
locks paper in clamping frame. Pulls heat unit
over clamping frame. Depresses pedal or
handle to lower clamping frame onto screen
bed and to create vacuum that forms braille
impressions. Pushes heat unit from bed.
Releases pedal or handle to raise clamping
frame, and releases catch on frame to draw
reproduced copy through equipment. Repeats
process to make required number of copies.
Cuts copies apart, using scissors. Writes
identifying information, such as page number
or title, on each copy. (2) Positions master page
on screen bed. Places sheet of heat-sensitive
plastic paper over page and lowers clamping
frame to lock page into position on bed. Pulls
heat unit over clamping frame to activate
vacuum pump trip-lever. Holds heat unit over
frame to form braille impressions. Pushes heat
unit from bed to release vacuum. Raises frame
to release individual copy. Repeats process to
make required number of copies.
7341.90 Compositors, Typesetters and
Related Workers, Other include workers who
set and arrange printing type by hand or
machine not elsewhere classified.
Stereotypers and electrotypers make printing
plates from set-up type by stereotyping and
electroplating processes.
7342.10 Stereo Matrix Moulder; Matrix
Maker operates hydraulic or hand press to
obtain print impressions on flong (specially
prepared thick sheet of paper) for casting
printing plates used in rotary printing. Damps
flong, places it on forme, spreads chase or page
rubber sheet or extra sheets of thick paper on
flong for padding to protect flong from damage
on application of pressure from press head; sets
machine and adjusts press head for correct
pressure to be applied on flong; starts machine
and lowers press head on assembly to impress
type into flong; stops machine and releases
pressure from matrix and carefully strips matrix
from chase; checks surface of matrix for any
unevenness in imprint and smoothens surface
with blunt wooden blade and trims edges of
matrix with scissors; turns mould face down
and fills in hollows on back of mould with
pieces of heavy paper or felt to prevent it
bending during casting process; applies french
chalk powder over entire surface of matrix and
cleans it with fine hand brush.
prepared matrix to Stereo Type Caster for
casting rotary printing plates with it. Cleans
and oils machine. May dress printing plate
(metallic plate cast by pouring molten metal
over matrix in casting machine) on routing and
cutting machine. May cast printing plate.
7342.20 Stereotype Caster; Rotary Caster
prepares plates for rotary or flat-bed printing by
operating casting machine. Dries matrix on
roaster and places it in correct position in
casting box. Checks supply of metal at
correct temperature for casting and operates
machines to pump molten metal from
crucible against matrix. Removes plates after
cooling, for finishing.
Cleans and oils
7342.30 Electrotyper performs all or several
tasks in making printing plates from set-up
type by electro-plating process, using hand
tools, electro-plating equipment and metal
casting, trimming and forming machines.
Places set up type on bed of hydraulic press.
Lays wax-coated sheet of metal or sheet of
plastic or lead on type and presses it to make
mould. Removes mould from press and trims
its edges.
Sprays or coats mould with
electro-conductive substances and places it in
electrolytic bath until shell of desired
thickness has formed on mould. Removes
shell from mould by rinsing it in hot water
and fills back of shell with molten lead to
form plate, using pouring lead or casting
machine. Examines plate with magnifier to
detect imperfect formation of halftone dots,
lines and types and rectifies them using
engraver's hand tools.
Shaves, trims,
smoothes and bends plate using hand tools
and machines as required, in readiness for
printing. May print proof from plate and
make new plate if necessary.
May be
designated according to tasks performed such
7342.90 Stereo-Type and Electro-Type
Operatives, other perform variety of routine
and low skilled tasks such as locking up
forme, cutting unwanted portions of metal
from surface of metal plate etc. involved in
preparation of matrics and casting of metallic
plates in printing and may be designated as:
Lock-up Man if cleans set up type in forme,
locks up forme and helps Stereo-Type
Moulder in moulding.
Milling Man if operates milling machine to
remove unwanted edge of metal on plate cast
by Stereo-Type Caster.
Metal Melter if operates electrically
operated furnace for melting metallic
granules of given composition for use in
Stereo-type casting.
Plate Finisher if engaged in cutting and
finishing metal on Stereo-type and Electro-type
plates for printing.
Printing engravers and etchers engrave
lithographic stones and printing plates, rollers,
dies and blocks by various processes.
7343.10 Litographic Artist exposes sensitized
metal plate to positive or negative film, using
vacuum frame, to produce offset lithographic
printing plates. Increases or reduces size of
negatives or positives to be used in preparation
of lithographic printing plates. Punches holes in
light-sensitive plate with register punch and
insert register pins in holes to prepare plate for
contact with positive or negative film. Places
plate on bed of vacuum frame and inserts
positives or negatives on register pins to align
positives or negatives with each other. Places
masking paper on areas of plate not covered by
positives or negatives to prevent exposure of
those areas. Examines film on light table to
determine specified colour and colour balance,
using magnifying glass or densitometer.
Compares proof print of colour separation
negative or positive with customer’s original
sample or copy and standard colour chart to
determine accuracy of reproduction . Identifies
and marks colour discrepancies on print and
film. Prepares dyes or other chemical solutions
according to standard formulas and applies
solution to produce colour effect by chemical
method. Blocks out or modifies colour shades
of film, using template, brushes, and opaque.
Places masks over separation negatives or
positives and exposes film for specified time,
using contact frame and automatic film
processors to reduce size of photographic dots
to increase or reduce colour. Applies opaque to
block out blemishes and pinholes.
Photoengraving Finisher; Process ArtistLithographic-Colour-Ar tist
Tone Artist refines or corrects imperfections
in design on lithographic printing plates by
drawing on them with scribbling tools,
crayons, pen and ink to make them fit for
printing. Intensifies or reduces unsatisfactory
tone values, blanks out or changes shades of
colours of details to make them less
prominent, adds missing details, etc.
7343.20 Mounter fixes etched type or image
plate on wooden block for printing. Cuts
plate to size, levels its sides, drills holes on
bevelled portions and mounts plate on
wooden block by nailing.
7343.25 Router reduces level of non-type or
image portions of mounted plate to make it
non-printable. Clamps block on bed of
routing machine, fixes needle to holder,
adjusts its height, operates machine and
regulates movement of needle which reduces
level of portions of plate not required for
7343.30 Cameraman, Photomechanical;
Photolithographer photographs illustrations
or type set material to obtain line, half tone,
continuous tone and colour negatives for use
in printing. Places illustrations or typest
material on copy board of copying frame.
Adjusts lights and camera, focuses with help
of ground-glass focusing screen, loads plate
in dark room, mounts it on camera and
exp oses it. Uses screen to break up shadings
of copy into dots for half-tone printing and
uses different colour filters for preparing
separate colour-wise plates for printing. May
also prepare photo-sensitive glassplate for use
in camera.
7343.35 Microstat Cameraman; Microfilm
Cameraman; Microstat Camera Operator
reproduces documents, maps, charts, etc.,
photographically on special type of camera
known as microstat. Places copy on copy
board or copying frame, loads filmstrip in
camera, focuses camera, adjusts light and
exposes film which is automatically
processed. May also enlarge with special
enlarging device fitted to this camera.
7343.40 Photostat Camera Operator;
Photostat Machine Operator produces
copies of drawings, manuscripts and other
documents directly on prepared paper by
means of photostat camera.
document to be copied in glass frame and
arranges it under camera lens, places roll of
photographic paper in camera, adjusts distance,
focus, time and lights and takes photographs.
Cuts and rolls out exposed section of above
paper into developer which automatically
develops print. Arranges for its drying either in
cabinet or between blotting pads.
7343.45 Transferrer, Photo Mechanical;
Photoengraving Printer; Proof-plate Maker;
Helio Operator; Vandyke Printer transfers
impression from photograph negatives to metal
plates for subsequent processing or for direct
use in lithographic printing. Measures negative
for cutting plates (zinc or copper) to size,
sensitizes plate by pouring solutions, places
plate and negative in contact frame, exposes
plate to light, develops it with photodeveloping chemicals and dries it.
7343.50 Etcher, Photo Engraving Photo
Engraver; Etcher Litho-Printing etches
designs on surface of photographically printed
or pantographically engraved printing rollers
and plates, employing knowledge of colours,
fabrics and etching and printing techniques.
Studies design sheet and determines etching
requirements based on colours in design, type,
weight of fabric and printing sequence. Lifts
roller into brackets of rinsing vat with aid of
helper and tapes ends of roller with masking
tape to limit etching to specified width, cleans
roller or plate preparatory to etching, using
sponge, cleaning chemicals and water.
Transfers roller from rinsing vat to acid vat
with aid of helpers and hoist, agitates acid
solution with compressed air and starts
machine to start roller in solution to get it
etched by acid reaction. Applies acid resisting
material on photo-printed design on plate,
places it in etching machine and starts machine
to spray acid as uncoloured portion of plate to
get it etched by acid reaction for etching photoengraved flat bodies and metal plates. Checks
depth of etching periodically by measuring
with depth gauge, touch and magnifying glass
and processes roller through series of acid baths
or regulates period of acid spray as necessary to
etch photo-engraved roller or plate to required
depth, watches and dries treated plate or roller,
applies acid resistant powder or charcoal into
etched cavities and repeats etching process if
Cleans off charcoal and acid
resistant coating by washing and brushing with
alkali solution and water. May touch up
defective areas by hand etching.
7343.60 Barman, Lino-Machine cleans
space band, mould surface and metal pot of
lino-typesetting machine and removes types
which are stuck when bar of machine gets
Unlocks mould surface from
machine and cleans it with wire brush
applying graphite with rag to remove metallic
particles and dust to prevent clogging during
operation; cleans metal pot to remove traces
of metal particles from inside surface;
removes matrices which cause obstruction to
movement of distribution bar on machine for
removing defects. Oils various parts of
machine. May change measurement lines in
mould of machine, if required, and supply
lead bricks to metal pot.
7343.90 Printing Engravers and Etchers,
Other include
workers who engrave
lithographic stones and printing plates,
rollers, dies and blocks by various processes
not elsewhere classified.
Photographic and related workers develop
and process photographic film and make
prints or slides.
7344.10 Printer, Photographic; Contact
Printer prints and develops black and white
photographs by contact-printing method in
dark room. Examines negative for contrast,
and selects appropriate photographic printing
paper of suitable grade according to degree of
contrast in negative; positions negative and
printing paper in contact printing frame,
fastening down edges; arranges lights to
compensate for variations of light and shade
in negative; exposes negative and paper to
light for carefully timed period, according to
density of negative; unfastens printing frame
after exposure and removes exposed printing
paper from frame; develops exposed prints in
series of timed chemical and water baths;
washes and dries developed prints, and trims
finished ones. May apply glossy finish to
prints by heated metal press. May print
colour photographs using colour-filters, when
processing colour prints, or by other methods
such as projection or reproduction process,
and be designated as Printer, Colour Film.
May operate contact printing machine to
produce photographic prints in large
numbers. May be designated as Printer,
Motion Picture Film, if operates film printing
machine to print copies (positives) of film from
picture or sound negatives in dark room. May
be designated as CHIEF LABORATORIAN
if directs, controls and co-ordinates work of
7344.20 Developer, Photographic treats and
develops in dark room exposed films or
photographic plates in series of chemical and
water baths for prescribed period to prepare
transparent black and white negative or positive
film. Prepares various developing and fixing
solutions in special acid-resistant containers by
mixing chemicals with water according to
formulae; immerses film or plate in developer
solution for specified period to make image
visible; times period of immersion in each bath
and maintains solutions and water at required
temperature; rinses film in water to wash off
developer solution; places film or plate into
fixing bath to produce transparent and light constant negative; rinses negative in cold
running water to wash off fixing solution; dries
negative by swabbing off excess water with
sponge and exposing it to air in dustless
location. May prepare transparent positives
from negatives.
May develop film on
automatic developing machine. May develop
positive or negative film in colour solution to
produce colour film, and be designated as
copies from negatives.
(photofinishing) tends machine that develops
sheets, strips, or continuous roll of film
preparatory to printing: Pulls film through
trapdoor into darkroom. Strips paper backing
from film and attaches identifying label. Feels
edges of film to detect tears and repairs film,
using stapler. Reads work order or feels film
for size or notches to determine type of process
and developing time required. Positions racks
of film on machine chain links according to
developing time required through machine
preparatory to processing. Activates machine
that automatically transports film through series
of chemical baths to develop, fix, harden,
bleach, and wash film. Listens for sounds that
indicate machine malfunctioning and notifies
supervisor or maintenance personnel when
repairs are needed. May run test strip through
machine for inspection by supervisor and add
chemicals to or adjust machine as directed.
May tend equipment that develops, fixes
image, and dries x-ray plates.
Projection Printer; Projection Camera
Operator enlarges or reduces photographs to
required size with projection printer in dark
room. Sets enlarger (camera) in dark room,
placing plain white board or easel below lens
of enlarger; inserts negative film in holder of
printer (enlarger) and switches on light which
shines through negative onto easel below;
adjusts various parts of printer and centres
image, to secure desired projection;
determines exposure time and lens opening,
and selects appropriate photographic paper;
switches off light and fixes photographic
paper in easel, switches on light, and exposes
paper to light for set period, shading darker
areas of image to produce prints with roughly
equivalent intensity; develops exposed prints
in series of timed chemical and water baths;
dries and trims finished prints. May apply
glossy finish to prints with heated metal
press. May enlarge or reduce colour film,
using appropriate colour-filter and correcting
colour deficiencies of negative with coloured
filters. May retouch enlarged prints.
negatives, prints and enlargements using
pencils, brushes and water colours to increase
contrast against background.
negatives and prints for retouching; places
negative film on retouching desk to obtain
illumination of negative film; fades out spots
and blemishes on print or negative, using
water colour or pencil; smoothens contours,
eliminates stray hair, blots out facial
blemishes and wrinkles, softens or reinforces
highlights and shadows, using fine brush and
colour or black pencil; eliminates excess light
or shadow in negative or print to produce
clearer and more attractive appearance.
Operatives perform various routine and low
skilled tasks in photographic dark room or
studio, such as developing, printing and
enlarging photographs; setting up camera and
arranging back-ground screen, furniture, etc.;
preparing developing solution in prescribed
manner; cleaning prints or negatives in water;
drying negatives and prints and cutting them
to sizes, mounting prints, etc.; assisting
operator in operating automatic printing,
developing or enlarging machine; and may be
designated as Processor, Print Cutter, Print
Mounter etc.
7344.90 Photographic and Related Workers,
other include workers who develop and
process photographic film and make prints or
slides not elsewhere classified.
Bookbinders and related workers bind covers to
books and perform book-finishing operations.
7345.10 Book Binder assembles printed or
written pages in the form of books, magazines,
ledgers, etc. Performs all or any of operations
connected with book binding such as reeling,
perforating, cutting, stitching, fixing covers,
fixing leather or calico back and corners,
embossing letters on covers, gold finishing, etc.
7345.20 Map-and-Chart Mounter glues
muslin backing or back board to paper maps
and charts for reinforcement. Spreads muslin
on table and cuts it to specified dimensions,
using scissors; applies glue to back of maps and
charts with brush or by inserting them between
rollers of gluing machine; places glued side of
sheet on muslin strip or pre-cut back board and
smooths surface with stiff brush and flat piece
of bone; glues paper mounting strip to top edge
and oil cloth, reinforcing strip to bottom edge
of roll type maps and charts and hangs them on
drying rack; applies gelatine sizing and
varnishing material on surface of map for
preservation and good finish; folds or gathers
maps to suitable sizes for easy and convenient
handling. May fix wooden rollers for roll type
maps and charts.
May do segment map
7345.30 Book Mender; Book Repairer mends
and repairs damaged and worn books,
manuscripts, and other records to put them in
condition for re-use or resale.
damaged books, manuscripts and records and
assesses extent of damage; numbers pages and
erases disfigurations; cuts covers loose from
body and body stitchings with knife; cuts or
tears carefully damaged pages or linings;
repairs damaged pages with transparent tapes;
resews body firmly; pastes linings in place,
reinforcing as necessary with cloth or paper;
trims edges of pages with knife or mechanical
cutter; replaces repaired cover or new ones to
body; clamps book in press for specified time
to bond. May imprint or emboss lettering on
7345.40 Book Binding Workers bind book
and perform operations such as those who set
and operate machines to fold printed sheets,
gather and sew book signatures, make covers
and glue them on book edges with plain,
mixed colours or gold leaf, etc.
7345.50 Book Binding Operatives perform
variety of routine and low-skilled tasks
connected with book binding, such as, cutting
paper to specified size, ruling blank sheets,
applying gum, etc.
Workers, Other include workers who bind
covers to books and perform book-finishing
operations not elsewhere classified.
Silk screen, block and textile printers cut
stencils for use in silk-screen printing and
print on paper, metal, textiles and other
materials with silk-screens, blocks of rubber,
wood or other materials, or engraved printing
7346.10 Stencil Cutter, Silk Screen Printing
cuts stencils by hand, according to design, for
use in silk-screen printing. Superimposes
shellacked transparent paper on design of
matter, to be reproduced and cuts with knife
outline of design in shellac without cutting
paper. Irons paper on silk screen to transfer
shellac stencil to it. Cuts different stencils for
each colour to be reproduced. May draw
design directly on screen and fill in surfaces
around design with glue lacquer or paper.
May operate silk-screen printing equipment.
May cut stencils for use in making computer
circuit plug boards and be designated as
7346.20 Silk Screen Printer prints on paper,
metal textile and other materials by means of
silk-screen process. Mounts stencil of matter
to be printed on silk screen. Stretches and
fits silk screen on printing frame. Bolts
printing frame to hinged outer frame on
printing table. Places paper or other material to
be printed accurately in position and lowers
screen on to it. Draws squeegee dipped in paint
across screen to transfer design to object. Lifts
screen, remo ves printed material and repeats
process to obtain required number of prints.
Cleans screen with solvent at end of run or
when colour of print is to be changed. May use
different screens for each colour to be
7346.30 Printing Jobber; Printing Machine
Man; Printer (Textile) prints patterns of
various designs and colours of cloth by
operating printing machine. Checks condition
of belts, gears, doctor blade, lapping of drum or
cylinder etc. Sets engraved rollers. Runs test
piece of cloth through machine and compares it
with sample. Makes necessary adjustments to
rollers and doctor blade. Regulates pressure
and speed. Grinds and sharpens doctor blade
when necessary. Supervises work of Frontman
and Printing Machine Operatives. Ensures
proper colour mixing, colour matching, quality
of printing production and upkeep of machine,
7346.40 Colour Maker (Textile Product)
operates machines to mix or grind daub,
printing ink colour, and colour pigments, for
artificial leather: Calculates batch size
according to roll yardage to be coated. Weighs
and measures, according to formula,
components, such as ball mill mix, color
pigments, and oils to attain colours and
specified consistency. Moves components to
agitator or ball mill mixers and roll grinders for
ingredients into and starts machines that grind
and mix them. Collects colour sample and
compares it with colour standard. Adds
ingredients, such as white, clear, or coloured
pigments, or thinner to correct colour
discrepancies. Prepares new colour batches
when drum content in inventory storage is low.
Lifts and moves drums, using portable airoperated hydraulic hoist.
7346.50 Precision Printing Worker performs
variety of precision printing activities, such as
duplication of microfilm and reproduction of
graphic arts materials. Operates automatic
processor to develop photographs, plates, or
base material used in single or multicolour
proofs. Sets up and operates bindery
equipment to cut, assemble, staple, or bind
materials. Maintains printing machinery and
equipment. Examines and inspects printed
material for clarity of print and specified
colour. Mixes powdered ink pigments, using
matching book and measuring and mixing
tools. Reviews layout and customer order to
determine size and style of type. Measures
density levels of colours or colour guides on
proofs, using densitometer, and compares
readings to set standards. Prints paper or film
copies of completed material from computer.
Scans artwork, using optical scanner, which
changes image into computer-readable form.
Enters, positions, and alters size of text, using
computer, to make up and arrange pages to
produce printed materials.
7346.60 Frontman; Assistant Printer;
Assistant Printing Machineman(Textile)
assists printer in printing patterns of various
designs and colours of cloth.
operational efficiency of printing machine,
adjusting various parts if necessary, and
reports defects to Printer. Prepares colours to
correct consistency by mixing ingredients in
suitable vessel, and test checks shade of
colour; fills front colour tray with prepared
colour paste; fits and locks printing roller,
engraved with design/pattern in position on
machine; supervises rolling of cloth into
machine ensuring smooth run through various
rollers. Starts and stops machine as directed
by Printer. Watches printed cloth coming out
from engraved rollers for defects in print or
shade. May carry out routine repairs on
printing machine.
7346.90 Silk Screen, Block and Textile
Printers, Other include all other workers
who cut stencils for use in silk-screen
printing and print on paper, metal, textiles
and other materials with silk-screens, blocks
of rubber, wood or other materials, or
engraved printing rollers not elsewhere
Supervisors and foremen, photo litho, photo
engraving and dark room operations guide
photographic photo engraving, developing for
blocks making and photolitho operations,
composing, type setting, printing, binding and
related tasks.
7348.10 Supervisor and Foreman, PhotoLitho, Photo Engraving and Dark Room
photographic, photo engraving, developing and
related tasks for block making and photo-litho
operations in printing press. Studies nature of
work to be done and plans work according to
operations and order of priority for printing.
Instructs cameramen, photo-engravers, dark
room and related workers on prescribed finish
and specifications required and guides and
supervises their performance. Gets defects
removed and ensures minimum wastage and
correct production.
Maintains prescribed
records and assists workers as necessary. May
make photo-sensitive glass plates for use in
camera, enlarge important microfilms, retouch
lithographic printing plates, etc., if required.
7348.20 Supervisor and Foreman, Printing
and Related Work supervises composition,
type-setting, printing, binding and related
general tasks, other than photo-engraving and
dark room operations, in printing press and
ensures correct operations, in printing press and
ensures correct output. Examines manuscript
for layout, technical aspects, etc., and plans
work accordingly. Arranges for machines,
equipment and materials, and distributes work
amongst Composers, Printers, Book Binders,
etc., according to quantum of work and nature
of printing required.
Gets proof copies
compared and corrected with manuscript,
ensures compliance with other special
instructions, if any, and instructs Printers to
print required number of copies. Checks work
frequently, directs necessary adjustments to be
made and ensures desired output. Supervises
stitching, binding, trimming etc., and ensures
production to required specifications. Keeps
machines and equipment in proper working
order by getting repairs and overhauling done
as required and maintains prescribed records
and registers.
May specialise in particular
branch of work or type of printing.
7348.90 Supervisors and Foremen, Photo
Litho, Photo Engraving and Dark Room
Operations include supervisors and foremen
who guide and supervise workers engaged in
photographic photo engraving, developing for
blocks making and photolitho operations,
composing, type setting, printing, binding
and related tasks not elsewhere classified.
Other craft related trades workers treat and
process agricultural and fisheries raw
materials into food and other products, and
produce and repair goods made of wood,
textiles, fur, leather or other materials.
Food processing and related trades workers
slaughter animals, kill fish, treat and prepare
them and related food items for human and
animal consumption, make various kinds of
bread, cakes, and other flour products,
process and preserve fruit, vegetables and
related foods, taste and grade various food
products and beverages, or prepare tobacco
and make tobacco products.
Butchers, fishmongers and related food
preparers slaughter animals, kill fish, clean,
cut and dress meat and fish and prepare
related food items or preserve meat, fish and
other foods and food products by drying,
salting or smo king.
7411.10 Butcher slaughters animals, trims
carcasses and prepares standard meat cuts.
Kills or stuns animal and thrusts knife into
jugular vein to drain off blood; flays carcass,
opens it and removes entrails; removes offal
and washes down meat; cuts and chops
carcasses into standard meat cuts and into
smaller portions according to customers'
requirement. May specialise in slaughtering
particular type of animal or in particular
method of slaughtering such as 'halal' or
May perform one or more
operations such as FLAYER, SKINNER,
and be designated accordingly.
7411.20 Slaughterer slaughters animals,
flays and trims carcasses in readiness for
meat cutters. Kills or stuns animal; thrusts
knife into jugular vein to drain off blood;
flays carcass, opens it and removes entrails;
cuts and dresses carcass and washes down
meat. May remove offal from carcasses and
place carcasses in cold storage rooms.
7411.30 Sausage Maker prepares ingredients
for sausages and operates sausage making
machine. Weighs out various meats, spices and
other ingredients according to formula and
dumps them into mixing machine. Chops,
minces and mixes ingredients by machine as
required. Feeds sausage meat into machine and
gathers sausage casing over machine spout.
Starts machine to force meat into sausage
casing. Pinches and ties end of filled casing.
Empties mixed ingredients into containers.
May grind meat. May fill casings with bulk
sausage. May be designated according to kind
of sausage made.
7411.40 Briner immerses fresh fish fillets in
brine solution to condition them for wrapping
or freezing: Places fish fillets in wire basket
and submerges basket in salt and water solution
for specified time. Removes basket from brine
tank and dumps fillets on conveyor belt.
7411.45 Pickler loads cuts of meat into
pickling vats or barrels to cure meat
preparatory to smoking: Packs and arranges
meat in vats or barrels by hand or with meat
hook to ensure maximum saturation. Turns
valves to admit curing solution into vats or
pours in solution by hand. Covers vat or barrel
to keep meat protected and submerged in
solution. Sticks trier (hook) into meat and
smells trier to determine degree of curing.
Opens valves or pulls bungs to drain vats and
barrels, and removes cured meat for further
processing. Dumps frozen meat in water tank to
defrost it preparatory to curing. May roll
barrels to rearrange meat and ensure maximum
saturation. May flush or blow marrow from
ham bones. May clean vats with water and
7411.50 Shactor works in slaughtering, meat
performing precision functions involving the
preparation of meat. Work may include
specialized slaughtering tasks, cutting standard
or premium cuts of meat for marketing, making
sausage, or wrapping meats.Trims headmeat
and otherwise severs or removes parts of
animals heads or skulls. Wraps dressed
carcasses and/or meat cuts. Trims, cleans,
and/or cures animal hides. Removes bone and
cuts meat into standard cuts to prepare meat
for marketing. Grinds meat into sausage.
Slaughters animals in accordance with
religious law and determines that carcasses
meet specified religious standards when
slaughtering is performed for religious
purposes. Slits open, eviscerates, and trims
carcasses of slaughtered animals. Cuts, trims,
skins, sorts, and washes viscera of
slaughtered animals to separate edible
portions from offal. Washes and/or shaves
carcasses. Shackles hind legs of animals to
raise them for slaughtering or skinning.
7411.90 Butchers, Fishmongers and
Related Food Preparers, Other include all
other workers those who slaughter animals,
kill fish, clean, cut and dress meat and fish
and prepare related food items or preserve
meat, fish and other foods and food products
by drying, salting or smoking not elsewhere
Bakers, pastry-cooks and confectionery
makers make various kinds of bread, cakes,
and other flour products, as well as handmade
chocolate and sugar confectionery.
Confectioner (Flour Confectionery) mixes
and bakes ingredients according to recipes to
produce breads, pastries, and other baked
goods. Measures flour, sugar, milk, butter,
shortening, and other ingredients to prepare
batters, doughs, fillings and icings, using
scale and graduated containers; dumps
ingredients into mixing machine bowl or
steam kettle to mix or cook them according to
specifications; rolls, cuts, and shapes doughs
to form sweet rolls, pie crust, tarts, cookies,
and related products preparatory to baking;
places dough in greased or floured pans,
moulds, or on sheets and bakes in oven or on
grill; controls temperature of oven by
regulating thermostats or by adjusting
dampers; checks progress of baking by
observing colour of products and noting
length of time in oven; removes baked
products and places them on cooling racks;
applies glaze, icing, or other topping to baked
goods, using spatula or brush.
specialize in making one or more types of
products such as breads, rolls, pies, or cakes
and be designated accordingly as BAKER,
MAKER. May decorate cakes. May develop
new recipes for cakes and icings.
7412.15 Mixing Machine Attendant; Dough
Mixer, Machine (Bakery) mixes flour, water,
milk, sugar and other ingredients by machine
according to instructions or specified formula
to make dough for cakes, biscuits, wafer etc.
Measures various ingredients such as flour,
sugar, water and milk in required proportions
and dumps them into mixing machine; turns
knobs to set mixing time and maintain
temperature of dough; starts machine; observes
operation of mixing and automatic formation of
dough in machine; feels dough for desired
consistency; stops machine and dumps dough
into trough. Pushes troughs of sponge dough
into room to ferment for specified time; dumps
raised sponged dough into mixer and adds
ingredients to complete mixer; records number
of batches mixed.
May be designated
according to type of dough mixed as BREAD
7412.20 Ovenman (Bakery Products) tends
stationary or rotary hearth oven that bakes
bread, pastries, and other bakery products.
Heats oven to required temperature; places
pans of unbaked goods on blade of long
handled paddle; opens oven door and slides
leaded paddle into oven; jerks paddle from
under pans to deposit them on hearth; regulates
and controls heat and humidity of oven by
observing gauges, turning valves or other
methods; notes colour of products during
baking to ensure uniformity of finished
products; removes baked goods from oven with
paddle, and places them on tiered racks for
cooling, flips switch to position hearth for
loading and unloading when tending rotary
hearth oven. May prepare doughs and wrap
papers. May be designated according to type of
oven tended as DRAWPLATE OVENMAN;
7412.25 Sweetmeat Maker; Halwai prepares
one or more kinds of Indian sweets by mixing
flour, sugar, milk, cream and other ingredients
to form dough or paste according to direction
or formula and frying them in pans in desired
forms and shapes. Mixes ingredients such as
flour, sugar, milk, ghee, nuts and water in
required proportion according to instructions
or formula; tastes and feels dough or paste for
desired consistency; rolls, cuts and shapes
dough to form sweet rolls and related
products preparatory to frying; fills pan with
required quantity of oil or ghee and places
pan on heated oven; places dough in pan to
fry controlling temperature of oven regulating
fire; checks progress of frying by observing
colour of products and noting length of time
in oven; removes fried products and keeps
them aside for a cooling; prepares sugar
syrup by boiling sugar and water in
prescribed proportion to desired consistency;
soaks products in sugar syrup where required;
applies silver foils and other ingredient to
make product more presentable.
specialise in making one or more types of
products such as Peda; Gulab Jamoon;
May develop new recipes for
7412.30 Candy Maker mixes together and
cooks candy ingredients by following,
modifying or formulating recipes to produce
product of specified flavour, texture, and
Cooks ingredients at specified
temperatures in open fire or steam- jacketed
kettles or in batch or continuous pressure
cookers; caste candy by hand using moulds
and funnel, or tends machine that caste candy
in starch or rubber moulds; spreads candy
into cooling and heating slabs; kneads in
machine- pulls candy; spins or rolls candy
into strips ready for cutting; examines, feels
and tastes product to evaluate colour, texture,
and flavour; adds ingredient or modifies
cooking and forming operations as needed.
May be designated according to type of
candy produced as CARAMEL CANDY
7412.35 Panman; Revolving Pan Operator;
Coating Machine Operator; Pan Operator
(Confectionery) operates steam heated
revolving pan to coat items such as candy,
nuts and chewing gum tablets, with syrup,
wax colouring matter, or polish. Dumps
products into pan and starts pan revolving;
pours slowly specified quantity of syrup over
whirling candy or other product and passes
hands through batch to spread syrup
uniformly; turns steam valve to heat pan and
heat almonds, nuts or other centres in pan;
examines and feels product to determine
adequacy of coating, and applies successive
charges of syrup until specified coating
thickness is attained; adds flavouring and
colouring ingredients in final coating as
specified; may mix together and apply
emulsified or dry ingredients, such as gum
solution, cornstarch, and powdered sugar to
product. May transfer contents to polishing
pans and specified ingredients to polishing
coating. May set temperature controls and start
blower to dry syrup. May be designated
according to product coated or polished as
7412.40 Plate Worker, Confectionery
prepares syrup made by Cooker Operator by
mixing colour, flavour etc. on iron plate kept
cool by water for cutting and forming it into
candies of desired size and shape. Spreads
candy on iron plate table fitted with cold water
container at bottom; adds specified amount of
colouring and flavouring agents; mixes
ingredients until colouring and flavouring are
uniformly distributed; examines, feels and
tastes product to evaluate colour, texture, and
flavour; drains out hot water from container
and replaces it with cold water to make cooling
effective; hands over product to Machineman
for further processing.
7412.50 Chocolate Maker makes chocolate
slabs or bars grinding cocoa beans, heating
ingredients and forming slabs. Grinds cracked
cocoa beans in mill to reduce them to thick
liquid or paste; presses cocoa-butter from
ground beans, using hydraulic press, to obtain
blocks of cocoa; grinds pressed flocks of cocoa
to thick liquid; mixes liquid chocolate, sugar,
and other ingredients in required proportions to
a dough like consistency in machine, feeds
coarse mixed chocolate into machine to convert
it to flakes, heats mixed flaked chocolate and
cocoa-butter in steam heated pans to desired
texture and flavour to obtain chocolate bars or
7412.60 Conche Operator (sugar & conf.)
operates conche machine to heat and agitate
refined chocolate mass with cocoa butter to
enrich colour, flavour, and texture: Pumps
specified amount of chocolate mixture into
steam-heated stationary tank or rotary drum.
Meters out specified amount of such
ingredients as cocoa butter or flavorings. Turns
steam valves and adjusts thermostat to heat
contents of tank or drum to specified
temperature. Pushes lever to start agitators
and rotate drum. Pushes levers to change rate
of agitation, drum rotation, and temperature,
following specified time cycles. Observes
and tastes mixture to evaluate conformity to
standard and sends sample to laboratory for
analysis. Adjusts temperature, agitation speed
and timing cycle, and adds ingredients, such
as cocoa butter and lecithin, according to
laboratory findings. Pumps mixture to storage
Bread Slicer
slices bread using hand
operated or power driven slicing machine
Baker Helper helps baker by performing
duties as kneading dough, cutting dough into
desired sizes removing baked products from
Mill Room Hand(Chocol ate) performs one
or more operations in chocolate making e.g.,
grinding, refining, sieving as required.
7412.70 Yeast Maker controls equipment to
prepare mixture of mash and yeast for use in
manufacture of distilled liquors: Weighs
specified quantities of rye and malt meal,
depending upon amount of yeast required,
and dumps them into yeast tub (cooker) filled
with specified amount of water. Opens valves
to admit steam that circulates through coil
pipes in tub and cooks mixture. Starts
revolving blades in tub to agitate mixture as it
cooks. Observes temperature gauges and
increases or decreases steam pressure to
maintain constant temperature as mash cooks.
Pours yeast culture into cooked mash and
mixes mash with revolving blades. Stops
revolving blades when mash and yeast are
thoroughly mixed. Tests mash to determine
temperature and specific gravity (proof),
using thermometer and hydrometer, and
records results. Observes gauges and
increases or decreases steam to ensure that
mash ferments at constant temperature.
Notifies Fermentation Operator (beverage)
when mash is ready to be pumped into
fermentation tank. Removes sample of mash
for laboratory analysis.
Confectionery Makers, Other include all
other workers who perform variety of routine
and low skilled tasks in baking and
confectionery and may be designated
according to nature of work performed such
Helper(Confectionery) assists in weighing,
mixing of ingredients, heating them in steam
or vacuum pans, adding flavour and colour to
dough or paste, moulding, shaping, cutting
and wrapping of soft or hard stuff for finished
Dairy products makers process butter and
various types of cheese, cream or other dairy
7413.10 Dairy Worker, General performs all
or several tasks in preparation of various dairy
products. Pasteurises raw milk or other dairy
product to remove harmful bacteria. Develops
bacterial culture for use in making butter,
buttermilk, cheese and other products.
Separates cream from milk and churns it into
butter. Curdles milk and converts curds into
cheese. May make ice-cream.
7413.20 Separator Man; Cream Separator;
Cream man (Dairy) operates milk separator to
separate cream from milk. Assembles and
adjusts separator as necessary, according to
type of product for which separated cream or
milk is to be used; places empty containers
below cream and skimmed outlets; pours milk
into separator; switches on centrifugal machine
which automatically carries milk into bowl and
separates milk into fat and skimmed milk;
regulates separator to obtain required
percentage of cream for making butter or
ghee; cleans plant using hot water, soda and
other detergent solutions . May also attend to
pasteurizing plant.
7413.30 Butter Maker performs all or several
tasks for making butter . Pasteurizes milk to
eliminate harmful bacteria . Separates cream
from milk in centrifuge. Adds latic ferment to
ripen cream. Pours or pumps cream into
mechanical churn. Starts churn to make butter,
controlling butter moisture, temperature and
time of churning. May add salt to butter in
churn. My take samples of butter for testing.
May boil and strain butter to make 'ghee' and
be designated as GHEE MAKER
7413.40 Cheese Maker cooks milk and
specified ingredients to make cheese
according to formula. Pasteurizes and
separates milk to obtain prescribed butter fat
content; turns valves to fill vat with milk and
heat milk to specified temperature; starts
agitator to mix ingredients; tests samples of
milk for acidity and allows agitator to mix
ingredients until specified level of acidity is
reached; dumps and mixes measured amount
of rennet into milk; stops agitator to allow
milk to coagulate into curd; cuts curd or
separates curd with hand scoop to release
whey (watery part); observes thermometer,
adjusts steam valve, and starts agitator to stir
and cook curd at prescribed temperature for
specified time; squeezes and stretches sample
of curd with figures and extends cooking time
to achieve desired firmness or texture; scoops
curd into burlap containers to drain off excess
moisture; places cheese in moulds and
presses it into shape. May salt cheese by
immersing them in brine or roll cheese in dry
salt, pierce or smear cheese with cultured
wash to develop mould growth, and place or
turn cheese blocks on shelves to cure cheese.
May supervise ripening of cheese. May
specialise in making particular type of
cheese. May Pasteurise milk and operate
centrifugal machine to separate cream out of
pure milk.
7413.50 Ice-Cream Maker makes ice-cream
by mixing milk, sugar and other ingredients
and by freezing mixture in freezing machine.
Measures and mixes ingredients according to
recipe; pasteurises mixture to eliminate
harmful bacteria; pumps ingredients through
a homogenis er to break-down butter-fat
globules; pours mixture into freezing
machine; starts machine to stir and cool
mixture; unloads machine when ice-cream of
required consistency is obtained; cleans and
sterilizes machines, and other equipment with
hot water. May form ice-cream into special
shapes. May operate ice-block washing
7413.90 Dairy Workers (non-farm), Other
include all other dairy workers not elsewhere
classified, for example, those salting cheese
by immersing them in brine or by rubbing
them with dry salt, sterilising milk; operating
machines which homogenise milk, moulding
butter or cheese into shape, packing and
wrapping butter with paper, making condensed
or powdered milk, etc and may be designated
according to nature of work performed.
Fruit, vegetables, and related preservers process
or preserve fruit, nuts, and related foods in
various ways including cooking, drying,
salting, or juice or oil extraction.
7414.10 Oil Expellerman;
Oil Expeller
Operator tends machine that presses oil seeds,
such as cotton seed, copra, castor seed to
extract oil. Feeds moistened oil seeds into
hopper of machine; turns hand wheels to adjust
rollers to flatten oil seed; turns control of heat
drier to specified temperature and opens chute
to admit flattened oil seed to drier; turns steam
valve of heat cooker to cook dried oils seed;
turns hand wheels to adjust roller pressure of
oil expeller; feels samples of expelled oil seed
to determine that sufficient quantity of oil has
been removed; ensures that pressed seed cakes
are released at discharge end and that oil flows
into oil tank from peripheral surface of
expeller; stops machine when jammed and
makes necessary adjustments to maintain
continuous, production keeps work place clean
and tidy. May filter oil in cloth-filter press.
7414.20 Oil Crusher Operator, Animal
Driven operates animal driven crusher to
extract oil from oil seeds, such as cotton seed,
caster seed, groundnut, and copra. Places
empty container below crusher to collect oil;
harnesses bullocks, buffalo, camel to crusher;
feeds seeds into hopper of crusher in required
quantity and drives animal to start crusher;
sprinkles prescribed quantity of water over oil
seeds for moistening them; adjusts pressure
between mortar (vessel or hopper) and pestle
and ensures that oil is properly extracted.
Examines oil cakes visually or by feel of hand
to determine that sufficient quantity of oil has
been removed; removes container when filled
with oil at delivery-end; replaces filled
container with empty one; takes out oil cakes
from hopper and fills it with another batch of
oil seeds to maintain continuous production.
May operate mechanical crusher for extracting
oil from seeds.
7414.30 Grinder Hand (Foodgrain) grinds
wheat, pulses, spices or other food grains into
smaller pieces or powder, on hand operated
grinding mill. Sets mill by adjusting roller
according to fineness of grinding desired;
revolves roller of mill by hand, feeding grains
into hopper of mill at regular intervals;
examines crushed product periodically by
feel of fingers and adjusts roller as necessary.
May shift grain using mesh. May clean mill
stones. May take assistance of other grinder
or helper in feeding mill.
7414.35 Pounder, Hand
pounds grain or spices in iron, wooden or
stone mortar with pestle to remove bran from
grain or to crush into smaller pieces or
powder. Selects mortar and pestle according
to type of food-grain or spices to be pounded.
Puts requisite quantity of grain or spices in
mortar and pounds it with pestle; examines
product periodically by sight and touch and
continues pounding till product is crushed to
desired fineness; sifts product using sieve and
recrushes coarse residue to required fineness;
cleans equipment by hand. May weigh or
measure specified quantities of various
ground spices and mix them according to
formula for use. May pound grain to remove
bran from grain using long wooden pestle.
7414.36 Parcher (Foodgrain) roasts wheat,
gram, maize, peanuts and other foodgrains.
Puts requisite quantity of sand in pan and
places pan on hot oven; allows sand to heat
up in pan; puts product in pan and mixes it
with hot sand for roasting using long metal
laddle; removes pan from oven when product
is properly roasted; sifts roasted product from
sand using sieve and allowing sand to fall in
pan; collects product and repeats process till
all food grain is parched; maintains proper
temperature of oven by regulating fuel. May
prepare grain for roasting by soaking in water
and then drying it.
7414.38 Washing Machine Attendant;
Grain) tends washing
machine for washing and cleaning food
grains preparatory to milling or further
processing. Starts machine; feeds machine
with grain by hand or adjusts flow of grain
from chute; regulates flow of water into grain
by manipulating lever; observes automatic
washing of grain visually to ensure proper
washing; may wash grains in tank filled with
required quantity of water and soaking it for a
prescribed period. May clean and oil machine.
7414.40 Cook, General (Food Canning and
Preserving), cooks meat, fruits, vegetables or
other foods according to recipes in large
quantities preparatory to canning or preserving.
Weighs or other wise measures ingredients,
according to recipe; loads ingredients into
kettle or pressure cooker pans and frying
machines, manually or by means of chute or
conveyor; observes thermometer and gauges,
and turns valve to admit steam to pressure
cookers or lights gas burner to heat and cook
contents of kettles; cooks ingredients adding
syrup, spices, sugar, colouring matter or other
substances as required; stirs mixture in kettle to
blend and prevent scorching of contents; drains
off cooked ingredients by opening valve at
bottom of vessel or by blowing material
through drain with steam. May stir contents
with mechanical agitator. May test mixture
with hydrometer or other instrument to
determine consistency. May be designated
according to type of food product made, such
7414.50 Condiment maker (Food Canning &
Preserving) makes various kinds of chutneys,
pickles and ketchup from vegetables, fruit, fish,
meat and spices using preservatives such as
vinegar, salt, sugar, oil and other ingredients.
Sorts and selects mature vegetables, fruits etc.,
cleans product with water and discards decayed
ones; cuts or chops product into small pieces;
mixes ingredients such as salt, vinegar or sugar
in required proportion in barrels, vats or jars
according to formula to make pickling or
flavouring brine; dumps product such as
vegetables, fruit, fish or meat into solution to
soak or cook for specified time; examines,
feels, and tastes product to evaluate colour and
flavour; adds ingredients or modifies cooking
and forming operations, as required. May cook
ingredients separately before mixing. May
pack product into containers in layers, covering
each layer with preservative compound. May
specialise in making particular type of
condiment and be designated accordingly as
Preservation) performs any combination of
following tasks to can, freeze, preserve, or pack
food products: Dumps or places food
products in hopper, on sorting table, or on
conveyor. Sorts or grades products according
to size, color, or quality. Feeds products into
processing equipment, such as washing,
refrigerating, peeling, coring, pitting,
trimming, grinding, dicing, cooking, or
slicing machines. Trims, peels, and slices
products with knife or paring tool. Feeds
empty containers onto conveyor or forming
machines. Fills containers, using scoop or
filling form, or packs by hand. Counts,
weighs, or tallies processed items according
to specifications. Inspects and weighs filled
containers to ensure product conforms to
quality and weight standards. Places filled
containers on trays, racks, or into boxes.
Loads, moves, or stacks containers by hand
or hand truck, and cleans glass jar containers,
using air hose.
Peeler Hand
peels skin of fruits and
vegetables using hand knife.
7414.54 Pickler (Can & Preservation)
preservative or flavouring solutions: Mixes
ingredients, such as salt, vinegar, or sugar in
barrels, vats, or tanks, according to formula,
to make pickling or flavoring brine. Dumps
product, such as vegetables, fruit, fish, fish
eggs, or meat into solution to soak for
specified time. May pack product into barrels
in layers, covering each layer with
preservative compound. May remove
contents from containers by hand or with dip
7415.10 Tea Taster tastes sample of brewed
tea to determined quality and grade and
suggests proportions of different grade to be,
blended according to market requirement.
Cooks or brews small quantities of cured tea
leaves in required quantity of water heated to
specified temperature, checks moisture contents
or samples, using Moisture Meter; infuses
different samples of tea in cups in tea tasting
room; examines and tastes different infusion
for colour, density, aroma and flavour to
determined grade, approximate market value,
or acceptability to consumer taste; writes
blending formulas for guidance of workers who
prepare products in commercial quantities.
Keeps record of different grades of tea; visits
factory to ensure correct processing. Is
designated as COFFEE TASTER if engaged
in tasting coffee. May meet buyers of tea.
7414.56 Preservative Filler, Machine(Can.
& Preservation) tends machine that
automatically dispenses brine, oil, salt, or
syrup into containers of food products prior
to lidding or capping: Starts machine and
turns valves to allow flow of solution. Feeds
or guides containers onto conveyor that
carries containers under dispensing nozzles.
Observes filling operation and adjusts flow of
solution or material to optimum volume.
Removes broken jars from conveyor and
deposits jars in waste receptacles. May fill
machine reservoirs with dry salt, oil, brine, or
sugar solution as required.
7414.90Fruit and Vegetable Preservers,
other perform variety of routine tasks in
canning and preserving food, fruits and
vegetables not elsewhere classified, and may
be designated according to nature of work
performed such as:
Grader examines, classifies and separates
fruits, vegetables and fish according to size,
quality, colour, condition or species.
Washer tends machine that washes raw fruits
or vegetables preparatory to canning, freezing
or packing.
Feeder Charger feeds machine with fruits
or vegetables by hand for washing, shelling,
shredding, cooking and pulping.
Food and beverages tas ters and graders inspect,
taste and grade various types of agricultural
products, food and beverages.
7415.20 Liquor Taster tastes sample of liquor
to classify it according to standards. Tastes
samples of liquor and ascertains and judges
such qualities as flavour, aroma and colour of
liquor by use of his senses. Classifies samples
according to system of standard and
recommends specific blends of lots that will be
accepted commercially. May be required to
ascertain place of origin and age of wine or
7415.30 Taster (Food) tastes samples of food
or beverages to determine palatability of
product or to prepare blending formulas: Cooks
or brews small lots of beverages or other food
products and tastes product to determine
grade, approximate market value, or
acceptability to consumer tastes. Writes
blending formulas for guidance of workers
who prepare food products in commercial
quantities. May purchase food products.
7415.40 Grader, Meat examines animal
carcasses to determine grade in terms of sales
value: Examines carcasses suspended from
stationary hooks or hooks attached to
overhead conveyor to determine grade based
on age, sex, shape, thickness of meat,
quantity and distribution of fat, colour,
texture, and marbling of lean meat. Attaches
grade identification tag to carcass. May
estimate weight of carcass or observe dial of
automatic weighing scale to determine weight
of carcass.
7415.90 Food and Beverages Tasters and
Graders, Other include workers who
inspect, taste and grade various types of
agricultural products, food and beverages not
elsewhere classified.
Tobacco preparers and tobacco products
makers prepare tobacco leaves and make
various tobacco products.
7416.10 Tobacco Curer drives green
tobacco leaves in heated tobacco barns.
Suspends bunches of green tobacco leaves on
strings in barn; heats barn by lighting fire
inside furnace, to required temperature;
regulates temperature and draught controls,
depending on type of tobacco and weather
conditions, until leaves are yellowed; opens
barns door periodically to examine colour
and moisture content of leaves to determine
when to increase heat and regulate draught
controls to dry leaves and stems to desired
quality and colour; removes dried and cured
tobacco from barn and piles them separately
for storing. May cure and dry green tobacco
leaves in open sun.
7416.15 Tobacco Grader; Tobacco Sorter
grades cured tobacco leaves according to
colour, texture, size etc. of leaf preparatory to
marketing or processing into tobacco
products. Spreads cured and dried leaves on
table; picks leaves one by one and examines,
feels and smells and determines grade
according to size, colour, extent of damage,
texture and aroma; strips defective portions
from leaves; stacks leaves into piles according
to grade and keeps record of graded tobacco.
May recommend conditioning prior to further
processing. May remove stems.
7416.20 Blender, Tobacco mixes various
grades and kinds of tobacco leaves in
accordance with formula to form blend of
distinctive flavour. Removes leaves of tobacco
from each of several bundles of tobacco leaves;
spreads leaves on trays and picks out those
unsuitable for desired blend; weighs out
quantities of each kind of leave according to
formula and mixes them together. May spray
tobacco with oils, cloves, and other spices and
kneads tobacco to blend in flavouring.
7416.25 Conditioner, Tobacco treats tobacco
leaves by moistening them with water or steam
to make them pliable for further processing.
Moistens leaves by dipping them in or spraying
them with water, stacks leaves on drain board,
covers them with hessian or other cloth and
allows them to absorb moisture for a specified
time; or feeds leaves into steam heated
conditioning machine, observes gauzes,
maintains appropriate steam pressure and
allows leaves to absorb steam for specified
time. May mix or blend several grades and
types of tobacco and condition it for
processing. May specialise in conditioning a
particular kind of tobacco leaf and be
designated accordingly.
7416.30 Cigar or Cheroot Roller; Cigar or
Cheroot Maker makes cigars and cheroots
from tobacco leaves by hand. Dries in sun
tobacco leaves soaked in jaggery solution.
Removes rib and stalk from dried tobacco
leave. Sorts out suitable leaves for binding.
Cuts filler tobacco leaves according to size and
shape of cigar or cheroot to be made. Binds by
hand filler leaves with binding leaf giving
required shape of cigar or cheroot and pastes
end of binding leaf. Rolls cigar or cheroot on
slab or stone or hand surface giving necessary
pressure with hands to obtain smooth
roundness. Selects suitable tobacco leaf for
wrapping (superior quality imported thin
tobacco leaf). Cuts wrapping leaf according to
size and shape of cigar or cheroot by scissors
and wraps it on cigar or cheroot giving it final
shape and smooth finish. Cuts cigar or cheroot
ends to obtain uniformity in size, using
scissors or knife.
baked bidis from furnace and examines them to
ensure proper baking.
7416.35 Cigar or Cheroot Roller Helper
assists Cigar or Cheroot Roller in making
cigars or cheroots by performing various
simple operations such as removing mid -rib,
stalks from tobacco leaves, cutting ends of
cigars or cheroots to make them into uniform
size, and labelling them with trade bands.
Collects tobacco leaves, soaks them in water
to soften; takes out moistened leaf, cuts and
strips midrib and stalk avoiding damage to
leaf; stacks stripped leaves in piles keeping
right and left halves separate; its broad leaves
into rolls for use as roller leaf; cuts short
leaves by hand scissors into small pieces for
use as fillers for cigar or cheroot; cuts cigar
or cheroot ends with hand scissors to make
them uniform of size; pastes manufacturer's
label at one end of cigar or cheroot. May
stack tobacco for curing and drying. May roll
or make cigar or cheroot. May pack finished
cigars or cheroots in boxes.
7416.50 Bidi Checker; Bidi Counter checks
quality and number of bidis packed in bundles
to maintain manufacturing standard. Examines
bidi bundles to ensure proper filling and rolling
of bidis and appropriate number of bidis in
bundle. Sorts out improperly filled or rolled,
broken or other wise defective bidis from good
ones; checks samples to ensure quality and
quantity of tobacco filling. Places checked
bundles on trays or in baskets to be removed
for further processing. May roll bidis and wrap
and pack small specified quantities of ready
bidis in different types and sizes of paper
packages, and then pack small bundles into
bigger ones; and be designated as BIDI
PACKER. May also heat raw bidis in furnace
to required standard of heat
7416.40 Bidi Maker; Bidi Roller makes
bidies by hand by rolling shredded tobacco in
bidi leaves. Collects required quantity of
shredded tobacco and bidi leaves; soaks bidi
leaves in water to moisten to make them
pliable; cuts them into pieces according to
size of bidi to be made using tin stencil or
plate and hand scissors; puts measured
quantity of tobacco filling on cut leaf and
rolls it with fingers to make bidi of desired
size and shape(conical) closing broader open
end and pressing conical end flat; ties piece
of thread round rolled bidi to hold tight leaf
and tobacco filling; checks visually whether
bidis are of uniform size; ties finished bidis
into bundles of twenty-five, fifty etc. as
required; places bidi bundles in trays or
baskets and delivers finished bidis to Bidi
7416.45 Furnaceman, Bidi bakes bidis in
heated furnace to remove moisture and
Heats furnace by lighting
firewood in fire chamber; removes hot
cinders and ash from fire chamber when
furnace attains desired temperature; paces
steel tray containing bidis on long handle
wooden laddle; pushes wooden laddle with
trays inside furnace and stacks trays on
furnace bed; closes furnace door and allows
bidis to bake for specified period; removes
7416.55 Snuff Maker makes snuff tobacco by
grinding and blending various types of tobacco.
Places tobacco leaves, stalks and chopped
tobacco in a bin, adds salt solution and allows
mixture to ferment for specified period of time;
occasionally; roasts fermented tobacco on
heated mud pan and pulverises it to flour-like
consistency in a grinding machine or mortar
using pestle; sifts snuff flour through fine
mesh-wire or cloth screens; blends various
types of snuff according to formula, and adds
aromatic oils or essences to obtain desired
flavour. May specialise in a particular snuff
making process such as fermenting, grinding,
sifting or blending and be designated
7416.60 Chewing Tobacco Maker; 'Zarda'
Maker makes chewing tobacco from tobacco
leaves. Collects required type of tobacco
leaves and dries them in sun for a specified
period for proper conditioning; pounds dried
leaves in a mortar using wooden pestle to
reduce them into small pieces of required size;
dyes broken leaves with edible chemicals and
dries them in sun; treats pounded tobacco with
spices and similar ingredients in accordance
with formula and adds scented solution or
essence to form blend of distinctive flavour.
May specialise in making particular kind of
Moradabadi, Zafrani or Mohini.
7416.90 Tobacco Preparers and Tobacco
Products Makers, Other include workers
who prepare tobacco leaves and make various
tobacco products not elsewhere classified.
Supervisors and foremen in food processing
and related trades supervise and guide
workers engaged in processing and
preserving food and coordinate operations
connected with syrup making from raw juice,
processing dairy products, making beer,
liquors, syrup, aerated water etc.
7418.10 Supervisor and Foreman, Food
Processing supervises and guides workers
engaged in processing and preserving food by
various mechanical and manual processes.
Guides workers in milling and parching food
grains, crushing and pressing oil seeds,
making 'gur' ,'khandsari' and sugar by open or
vacuum pan system, preserving and canning
food stuff, making biscuits, candy, chocolate,
sweet-meats, etc. by mechanical, manual or
combined operations as necessary according
to method and nature of production. Watches
heating and baking temperatures, adjustments
of machines and equipment, mixing of proper
quality and quantity of ingredients, etc. and
directs workmen accordingly to suit
requirements. Ensures quality and rate of
production and maintains prescribed records.
May regulate temperature, adjusts machines
and equipment, mix ingredients and perform
other tasks. May be designated according to
section or work supervised (Excluded are
other food processing supervisory staff and
Technologists described separately).
7418.20 Manufacturing Chemist; Shift
Chemist; Juice Clarification Supervisor;
Juice Supervisor; Clarification House
supervises all operations connected with the
syrup making from raw juice, weighing to
final sulphitation in sugar factory. Supervises
and checks weighing or measuring of raw
juice coming from mill house, and ensures
correct maintenance of its records. Directs
heating, carbonation, filtration Sulphitation,
evaporation, and other for prescribed treating
of juice and making of specified type of
syrup. Supervises operations of lime kiln,
sulphur furnace etc., and controls making of
milk of lime and sulphur dioxide for clarifying
juice by carbonation or Sulphitation process.
Checks temperature and pressure of heaters,
filters press and evaporators, tests juice with
testing paper, and performs other functions as
necessary for manufacturing of specified type
of juice and syrup. Maintains log book giving
hourly and daily operational details. May get
overhauling and necessary repairs done to
maintain equipment in working order. May
check juice with hydrometer and indicator to
maintain specified standard.
7418.30 Supervisor and Foreman, Brewing,
Aerated Water and Beverage Making
supervises and guides workers engaged in
making beer, liquors, syrup, aerated water and
other types of drinks and beverages and ensures
standard quality of production as prescribed.
Arranges for necessary materials and
ingredients and guides workers in various
operations such as brewing, mashing,
fermenting, filtering , making syrups and
sherbets, filling bottles, injecting carbondioxide into filled bottles, bottling etc.,
according to nature of production.
samples tested while processing and directs
necessary adjustments and modifications.
Enforces safety measures, compliance with
excise and related rules and regulations,
prescribed percentage of alcohol content, etc.,
and ensures standard quality of production.
Maintains records and registers and submits
prescribed returns. May set machines and
equipment. May be designated according to
nature of production or section supervised.
(Excluded are Technologists, and Chemists
described elsewhere).
7418.40 Supervisor and Foreman, Dairy
Product supervises and guides workers
engaged in processing dairy products and
ensures prescribed quality of manufacture.
Guides workers in skimming and pasteurising
milk, separating specified quantity of cream
from milk, churning butter, making cheese and
other dairy products either by mechanical,
manual or combined processes and ensures
prescribed quality and quantity of production.
Tests or gets samples tested while processing,
directs necessary adjustments to be made and
maintains hygienic condition in area
supervised. Controls bottling, mixing and
packing operations according to type and
quality of production and maintains necessary
records and registers. May be designated
according to section supervised or product
from kiln when dried.
May work
simultaneously as Boiler Attendant.
attend to other work when kiln is not working.
7418.90 Supervisors and Foremen, Food
and Beverage Processing, Other include all
other Supervisors and foremen engaged in
food and beverage processing such as those
supervising operations of slaughter house;
preparing tea, coffee, cocoa, etc., not
elsewhere classified.
7421.20 Impregnator, Wood treats wood with
chemical to protect it against decay or
parasities. Mixes chemicals in prescribed ratio
in open tanks or vats, heats it to required
temperature and checks its strength. Assesses
moisture content of wood and gets it dried, if
necessary, to prescribed standard. Dips wood
products in tank manually or using crane, rods
etc. as necessary. Controls temperature of
solution, determines amount of impregnation
and keeps them (wood products) immersed in
preservative solution for prescribed period.
May brush, paint or inject preservative on
wood or treat it with gas.
Wood treaters, cabinet makers and related
trades workers season and preserve wood and
wooden items, make and repair wooden
furnirure, wooden fittings, patterns and
models, by using tools and woodworking
machines; set or set and operate wood
working machines, make wicker furniture
and related articles, and decorate and repair
wooden articles and wooden parts of goods.
Wood treaters season and preserve wood.
7421.10 Kiln Operator, Wood operates
steam kiln for seasoning or drying wood to
specified moisture content. Feeds water into
boiler and lits fire in boiler fire-box. Directs
workers to load and place lumber in kiln and
ascertains moisture content of wood at
various locations in kiln by moisture metre or
by sawing and weighing samples of wood
before and after drying. Waits till boiler
acquires sufficient heat, plans drying cycle
according to moisture content, dimensions
and spicies of wood and adjusts valve to
release and regulate flow of steam into kiln.
Starts water pump to feed additional water
into boiler and sets automatic controls to
regulate kiln temperature and humidity for
specified time. Switches on fans inside kiln
and gets kiln doors closed to make it air-tight.
Records humidity and kiln temperature and
controls valves to regulate steam supply
temperatures and moisture content to avoid
damage to wood. Keeps lumber in kiln for
specified period. Opens kiln on completion
of drying cycle, verifies moisture content of
wood and directs workers to remove lumber
7421.30 Wood Bender bends wooden parts to
required shape by steaming, heating, softening
and drying. Steams wooden parts or heats them
in boiling water to make them soft and pliable.
Bends steamed or heated parts gradually by
hand into shape or places them in manually
operated press to obtain desired curvature.
Fastens parts into place or keeps them in sun to
dry and set in permanent shape. May maintain
continuous application of steam to ensure
pliability while pressing to shape.
7421.40 Wood Treater treat underground
portion of transmission poles with chemical
preservative after installation: Digs around base
of pole to expose area susceptible to decay,
using pick and shovel. Scrapes dirt and other
residue from pole surface and chips away
decayed wood, using handtools. Paints dressed
area with preservative solution, using brush.
Wraps treated portion of pole with waterproof
paper, fastening paper with hand stapler. Refills
hole and packs earth firmly around base of
pole, using shovel.
7421.50 Grader (woodworking) inspects and
grades milled, rough-sawed, or dimensional
stock lumber according to standards: Examines
lumber on table, moving belt, chain conveyor,
or in racks for defects, such as knots, stains,
decay, splits, faulty edges, pitch pockets,
wormholes, and defective milling. Grades
lumber, using caliper rule, to ensure specified
dimensions. Marks lumber to indicate grade
and processing instructions, using marker.
Tallies pieces of lumber according to grade and
board footage. May determine cuts to be made
to obtain highest marketable value from
material. May remove unsatisfactory pieces
from conveyor or table and place pieces on
stacks, in bins, or on carts. May scale board
footage, using calibrated scale on lumber
ruler, and record results.
7421.90 Wood Treaters, other include all
other wood treaters engaged in forming and
preserving wood by application of heat,
seasoning and chemical treatment, not
elsewhere classified.
Cabinet makers and related workers, by using
tools and woodworking or paperboard
working machines, make, decorate and repair
wooden furniture, wheels or other wooden/
paper board parts of vehicles, wooden
fittings, patterns, models and other items such
as pipes, wooden skis, shoes, or sports
racquets and sticks.
7422.10 Furniture Maker, Wood makes
and repairs chairs, tables, benches, desks,
shelves etc., by common carpentry processes
using hand and or power tools or both.
Studies drawing or sample, calculates sizes
and quantity of timber required. Prepares
patterns of different parts of article to be
made on card board. Marks off pieces using
patterns, square, pencil, rule or scribber and
saws and shapes them according to
specifications by sawing, planing, drilling
etc. Marks and makes, necessary joints such
as dove-tail, tenon-mortise, lap etc. Checks
dimensions and fitting of joints frequently.
Fixes hinges, hooks etc., at required places.
Assembles different parts and fits them
permanently by gluing, drilling, dowelling,
nailing screwing etc., as necessary. Fills up
superfluous holes etc., with putty; smoothens
surface using sand paper, earth (yellow) and
files. Checks completed articles and ensures
correct fitting, rigidity and finish. Sharpens
his own tools. May polish or paint articles
7422.15 Cabinet Maker makes high class
wooden furniture such as ward-robes,
dressing tables, sofa sets, radio cabinets etc.,
according to design or specification using
power or hand tools or both. Studies drawing
or samples. Selects timber and calculates
quantity required. Marks cuts and shapes
oversize pieces to required dimensions by
sawing, planing, etc. Makes necessary joints
such as dove-tail, tenon-mortise, half lap etc.
Checks joints frequently and finishes them
ensuring firmness and correct fitting.
Assembles parts for trial, rectifies defects if any
and then dismantles them for further work.
Finishes inside portions, which cannot be
worked after assembling and smoothens outer
portions using plane, shaver (tools) etc.
Applies glue in joints and re-assembles parts
step by step, securing joints with dowels
(wooden or bamboo pins), screws or nails as
required. Fixes hinges, brackets etc. where
necessary. Finishes outer surface by filling
holes and cracks with putty and using different
grades of sand papers to ensure better polish.
Sharpens his own tools. May fix metal or other
fittings on furniture body. May also polish and
varnish furniture.
7422.18 Cart Builder, Wood builds and
repairs reckshaws and animal or hand drawn
carts of various shapes and forms using hand
tools. Examines sample if any, selects timber
and calculates quantity required. Saws, adzes
and planes timber to size using template or foot
rule, divider, pencil, scribber etc. Marks and
makes necessary joints mo stly tenon-mortise or
half lap with hammer and chisel. Makes floor,
bottom, sides, seats, body, top structure etc.,
according to type of cart to be built and
assembles them step by step by nailing,
screwing etc., as necessary.
Fixes axle,
brackets and metal wheel tyres or other metal
fittings. Drives ball or bush bearings, one in
each hub and wheels on axle with bolts and
nuts. Mounts body structure on wheels using
springs and ‘V’ or ‘U’ bolts. Fits top structure
and other accessories on body with bolts, nuts,
brackets etc. as required. Makes beams by
sawing, sizing, bending and shaping wood or
bamboo, screws metal fittings to them and joins
them to body with metal brackets, plates etc. as
Ensures correct alignment.
Sharpens his own tools. May make axles,
brackets etc. himself by simple blacksmithy
and fitting process. May make carving using
special carving knives.
7422.20 Bullock Cart Builder; Bamboo Cart
Builder builds and repairs bullock carts with
bamboo and wood pieces for carrying men and
material. Selects bamboo and wood pieces
according to size and type of cart to be built.
DO7- 100
Cuts bamboo and wood pieces to required
shape and size to make joke, side members,
axle blocks and other components using
chopper, adze and saw. Builds carriage
platform to suit requirement (for carrying
men or material) by securing bamboo and
wood pieces with hoops, ropes and nails.
Fastens carriage platform on side members
(thick long wooden pieces of specific shape
and size), one on each side, as above. Fixes
wooden blocks on each axle with clamps or
ropes for resting side members. Mounts
carriage platform on axle by resting and
securing side members on axle blocks with
ropes or hoops.
Fixes wheels to axle.
Fastens yoke across centrally on front end of
carriage platform to harness bullocks.
Sharpens his own tools. May construct hood
for cart made with bamboo, wicker; bamboo
mattings, etc., specially if cart is built for
carrying men. May build cart in two halves,
front and rear, for carrying long iron girders
and rods. May construct wooden wheels for
bullock carts by sawing, planing, joining etc.
May make carving using special carving
7422.22 Wheel Wright makes and repairs
wooden wheels for various types of carts,
using hand tools. Selects right type of wood
and marks out segments of rim using
template. Saws lumber for hub and turn it to
required shape and diameter.
positions of central hole and spoke joints on
hub using divider, pencil, template, etc., as
necessary. Drills central hole and make slots
on periphery of hub according to markings
using drills, chisels and hammer. Shapes
segments to required curvature by sawing,
adzing and planing. Marks segments for
mortising (making slots) using template and
makes slots in them accordingly with
hammer and chisels for fitting spokes.
Makes spokes of required size by sawing and
planing. Makes tenon (a type of joint) at both
ends to suit mortises in hub and segments.
Drives one end of each spoke in mortise of
hub and other in that of segments ensuring
tight tenon and mortise joint at both ends.
Drives wedges in them for security. Joints
segments end-wise by driving nails at angle
through them. Plans periphery half segments
to remove unevenness and ensures uniform
circle. Heats iron tyre to red hot in low fire
for uniform expanding, slides it on wheel and
then pours water on it to cool down and
contract on it. Ensures firm grip of tyre on
wheel or gets tyre fitted by Blacksmith.
Sharpens his own tools. May fix nails on
segments side of spokes and drive segments to
spokes. May join segments more firmly by
fixing wedge along thickness on them. May
make iron tyres himself by simple blacksmithy
processes. May fit rubber tyres on wheels
instead of metal tyres.
7422.25 Body Builder, Automobile constructs
rigid body on auto-chassis with or without
super-structure using wood and metal frames
for passenger buses, goods trucks, lorries, vans,
etc. Studies sketches or blue print regarding
type of body to be built. Selects required sizes
of timber pieces and collects finished metal
parts. Cuts and shapes wood for body using
hand or power tools. Builds frame work,
lining, floors, ceiling and other wooden parts
according to drawing and other specifications.
Fits longitudinal runners, cross barriers, vertical
posts etc. and tightens frame rigidly to chassis.
Fits assembled or welded metal frame over
wooden longitudinal runners and crossmembers and assembles metal panel, roof
covers, doors, etc., to wooden frame using nuts
and bolts, etc., to wooden attachments such as
fasteners, handles, hooks, lockers, etc., to frame
or body as required. May fix interior fittings
and repair or replace parts. May specialise in
building any particular type of coach such as
ambulance vans, passenger buses, army
vehicles, goods lorries etc.
7422.28 Coach Builder, Railway constructs
and repairs wooden bodies of railway coaches,
using hand and power tools. Studies sketches
or diagram for design of body to be
constructed. Estimates and collects timber
pieces of required quantity and sizes. Cuts and
shapes wood to required shape and sizes, using
chisel, planer, saw and other hand tools or gets
them cut over power driven machines
according to drawing and other specifications.
Fits and assembles various parts on chassis or
frame of coach. Lays or fixes floor, sides, roof,
wooden panels, board, etc. and secures them
tightly to frame with screws, pop rivets, bolts
and nuts. Replaces broken, damaged or worn
out wooden parts for panels of railway coach
with new ones and fixes fasteners, fittings,
latches, glass on doors and windows etc. as
required. May apply wax, french polish or
shellac to wooden surface as protective coat of
DO7- 101
paint. May engrave or carve decorative or
ornamental designs on wooden panels.
7422.30 Body Builder, Other Vehicles
assembles and repairs wooden parts of
vehicle body on metal frame with specified
seating and other arrangements and screws
masonite, wooden planks, hard boards,
plywood etc., according to specifications for
constructing bodies of vehicles not else
where classified such as cycle rickshaw, autorickshaw etc.
(excluded are CART
Takes exact measurements of metalbody for
cutting required sizes of wooden parts. Cuts
wooden plank, masonite or hard board to
required sizes using hand saw and drills holes
with hand drill. Fits cut pieces of plank, or
board over metal frame and secures them
tightly with bolts and nuts, or screws as
required. May fit cushions, seats, arms rests
and hoods to rickshaws.
7422.35 Wood Marker marks wood with
pencil, scriber, chalk, etc. according to
sample or drawing for further operations.
Studies drawings and specifications or
collects cutting list for marking. Selects
required type and quality of wood and
position sit on table or floor according to
convenience. Measures wood and marks
guide lines and reference points according to
prescribed specifications using foot rule,
scriber, calipers etc. Avoids wastage and
ensures convenience of sawing, cutting etc.
while marking. May saw lumber to facilitate
7422.38 Pattern Maker, Wood makes and
repairs wooden patterns from drawings or
samples for making moulds to cast metals
using hand or power tools or both. Studies
drawings or sample, calculates sizes and
quantity of timber required. Selects right
type of timber for making pattern. Saws,
adzes and planes oversize pieces to required
size and marks them with shrinkage
allowance, using construction scale calipers,
divider, pencil, scribber etc. Drills holes and
fixes dowels for assembling detachable parts
and screws or nails other pieces permanently
as necessary. Builds up undersized portions
by nailing or screwing card board, plywood,
thin pieces of wood or by applying putty as
Assembles completed pattern,
checks measurements and rectifies defects if
any. Fills superflous holes with molten sealing
wax or with any other filling. Smoothens
surface by filling or with sand paper for better
finish. Sharpens his own tools. May apply
preservative coating of solution of shallac and
spirit or any other water proof paint.
7422.40 Cooper; Tank or Barrel Maker
makes or repairs wooden tanks, barrels etc.,
using hand or power tools or both for storing
and transporting liquids such as spirits, beer,
etc. Studies drawing or sample and selects
required type of planks. Saws and planes
staves (wooden strips) according to size and
capacity of cask to be made. Makes suitable
water tight joints along sides and at both ends
of staves by power or hand tools. Assembles
staves into tabular form along joints made.
Prepares two rings of iron strip of required size
by heating iron strip in furnace, bending it to
circular shape by hammering and rivetting both
ends. Heats carefully one end of assembled
staves by fire to make wood pliable. Hammers
one hoop on to heated end till staves bend to
shape. Repeats process at other end to fix other
hoop. Prepares top and bottom lids by sawing,
planing and shaping wooden planks into form
of circular disc.
Seals one end of cask
permanently by fixing lid in grooves. Applies
lacquer to joints to prevent leakage and
polishes casks with wood polish. Repairs
defective casks by replacing broken staves and
hoopes and seaming leaking joints. Sharpens
his own tools.
7422.42 Wood Carver, Hand carves floral and
artistic designs on wooden surfaces for
decorative purposes using fine chisels and hand
Studies sketches and dimensions of
ornamental designs to be carved. Finishes and
smoothens required portion of wood surface,
visualises finished product and transfers design
on wood surface by tracing over drawing and
carbon paper with pencil or stylers. Clamps
furniture part or wood piece in vice and roughs
out design by cutting along marked lines on
wood using chisels and mallet. Selects carving
chisels, gravers, gauges, files etc. and
determines sequence of their use according to
intricacy of design. Cuts, trims or touches up
roughed out design to desired finish using hand
tools. Taps stippling tool with mallet to stipple
design (dotted work). Verifies dimensions of
carving with foot rule and dividers and makes
modifications if necessary. Makes holes to
provide for inlay work, if necessary, and
DO7- 102
smoothens carved designs by rubbing with
sand papers of different grades. May polish
finished article. May draw full size design
from sample or imagination for tracing on
May design and sharpen carving
7422.45 Inlayer, Wood inlays metal,
hardwood, ivory, precious stone and like
material in furniture, board, door etc. for
decorative purposes.
Studies sample or
design for inlaying. Draws or traces designs
on articles to be decorated. Cuts depressions
in markings and scoops wood from places
where inlaying is to be done, using specially
designed chisels. Selects material to be
inlayed, marks it out to design, if any and
cuts, shapes smoothens and sizes pieces as
necessary with feet saw, planer, chisel sand
paper, etc. Applies glue or specific adhesive
and inserts inlaying pieces in respective
depressions, ensuring to fill up gaps if any in
scooped portions with saw dust, colour etc. to
ensure permanent adherence of inlaid pieces
in position. Files, planes and scrapes whole
surface to smooth finish. May keep inlaid
plank under hand operated nipping press for
about twelve hours to secure inlaid pieces in
position. May polish inlaid article to high
finish. May sharpen inlaying tools.
7422.48 Toy Maker, Wood makes wooden
toys of various shapes and sizes according to
drawings or specifications using hand and
power tools, fret saw machine etc. Studies
drawing or sample and traces design on
material or marks wooden block according to
type of toy to be made. Cuts, shapes, turns
and performs other operations according to
tracing or marking using fret saw, hand saw,
adz, chisels etc. as necessary. Frequently
measuring it with calipers and rule to ensure
conformity with required specifications.
Drills holes where necessary and assembles
different parts with nails, wires etc. or glues
them together as specified.
finished toy or its components before
assembling with different grades of sand
paper and polishes it on completion. May
paint or lacquer finished toy.
7422.50 Pith Worker, Wood prepares
models, figures and toys from pith (soft
wood) using small hand tools. Soaks pith in
water for required period to soften it.
Washes, removes dirt and saline content from
soaked pith, squeezes out excess water and
dries it on platform. Powders dried pith in
flour mill or otherwise and strains or sieves
powder with hand strainer. Mixes pith powder
with other ingredients like saw dust, powder of
special type of bark, gum etc. in required
proportions and mixes them thoroughly by
tramping or kneading into dough. Spreads
dough on table to form sheets of clay in
required thickness. Cuts and puts sheets of clay
required moulds, presses it to give shape to
different forms and ties all parts of mould
according to shape with string. Fills in hollow
spaces with waste paper for strength, removes
mould after some time and dries figure in
shade. Removes waste paper, gives final touch
to form with fine chisel and smoothens it with
sand paper. Applies colour, paint, wax and
plastic coating etc. as necessary to make it
waterproof and effect natural look. May make
toys directly from soaked pith by pressing it in
mould and shaping with small hand tools. May
make different components or limbs of toys
separately and then join them with twine or fine
7422.52 Picture Frame Maker makes picture
or photo frames from soft wood by sawing,
planing, shaping etc. using power and hand
tools. Cuts wooden planks or slides into long
thin strips with power or hand saw and planes,
shapes and sizes them to required thickness,
form etc. using power and hand tools according
to frame design. Marks frame strip to suit
length and width of picture or photo to be
framed, places it in mitre box (sawing jig) and
cuts it according to markings at 45 degrees
angle. Planes rebate (groove) on back side of
cut strips with side planer and determines
location, size and angle of nail holes to be
drilled. Drills partial holes in one end of each
piece, applies glue at mitered ends and
assembles frame together by holding sized
pieces in vice and driving nails through drilled
holes. Smoothens frame to required finish by
rubbing with sand paper. May polish frame.
May set leather, velvet or other material in
frame. May set glass, hard board etc. and
mount picture in frame.
7422.55 Smoking Pipe Maker makes and
repairs smoking pipes, cigarette holders etc.
from briar blocks or hard wood by cutting,
turning, drilling, aligning etc. using hand and
power tools.
Studies drawing or sample.
Selects right type of wood and cuts it into
DO7- 103
suitable blocks by sawing. Draws shape of
stem and shank (mouth-piece) and turns bowl
on stem on lathe. Turns inside and outside of
bowl on lathe using different cutting tools,
cuts and shapes stem and shank using suitable
chisels and drills hole in them in correct
alignment. Fits stem into shank, checks for
alignment of hole and completes their final
shape by filing. Removes turning and filing
marks and finishes surface with sand paper.
Dips pipe in stain solution to bring out grain
and colour of briar and wipes dry with soft
Coats inside bowl chamber with
specified mixture to sweeten bowl and
polishes pipe in buffing or sanding machine.
May repair pipes by replacing burnt or
cracked bowl or shank. May set metal leaf in
bowl chamber to avoid burning. May make
stem and shank in one piece. May join stem
and shank by threading on machine.
7422.58 Sports Goods Maker, Wood makes
sports goods such as tennis rackets, cricket
bats, hockey sticks, wickets and such other
sports accessories from special type of wood
using power and hand tools. Selects wood
according to requirements such as ash wood,
willow wood, mulberry wood etc. and marks
Shapes stock to specified size and
dimensions by sawing, planing, carving,
turning, etc. as necessary and bends it to
required shape by steaming, softening and
pressing. Cuts plies to size, files and fixes
them and puts them in frame by screwing for
treating and pressing, if engaged in making
tennis or badminton rackets. Assembles
component parts of article by wedging,
bonding, clamping, nailing or screwing them
together. Aligns and balances it, smoothens
and covers surface of product and attaches
fixtures such as strings, ferrules, grips etc.
May varnish or paint finished articles and
repair damaged equipment.
7422.60 Wood Lacquerer lacquers and
polishes small wooden articles such as toys,
artistic material, etc. on wood working lathe
by applying and spreading lacquer (coating)
on them and then polishing them to required
finish. Fixes toy concentrically between
centres or otherwise in lathe and rotates it
either by power or manually with one hand
using bow according to type of lathe used.
Marks portions of article to suit colour
design. Presses lacquer sticks of respective
colours as per colour design on rotating
surface of article and spreads it evenly on its
body with palm or date leaves according to
markings. Rubs lacquered article while in
motion with polishing cloth, felt etc. and
polishes it to high finish.
May prepare
coloured lac by mixing and boiling pure lac and
coloured powder with water. May do wood
7422.62 Wood Polisher cleans, smoothens and
polishes furniture and other manufactured
wooden articles to required shade and finish
using sand paper, filler, polishing compound,
etc. Cleans furniture piece or article to be
polished with chemical or sand paper. Fills
joints, knots holes etc. with putty or plaster and
finishes surface by filing, scraping and rubbing
with sand paper. Prepares ground (base) by
applying filler or staining (coating with special
coloured material) as required and refinishes
surface with sand paper. Applies polish on
finished surface using soft cloth or cotton and
rubs it with fine sand paper, soft cloth or
polishing leather to secure desired gloss and
finish. Ensures uniform finish everywhere of
furniture or article polished.
May repeat
process number of times to ensure desired
finish. May use wood pillar or chalk powder
along with french polish for polishing costly
articles. May paint cane articles with hand
brush. May prepare his own polishing material.
7422.65 Paper Board
perform various tasks connected with paper
board making such as coating paper board with
wax, making water proof paper board, card
board, for use as parts of vehicle, fittings &
fixtures etc.
7422.90 Cabinet Makers and Related
Workers, Other includes all other workers in
carpentry joinery, knot plugging, cabinet
making etc. not elsewhere classified such as
those engaged in making walking sticks,
pencils, pen holders etc.
Wood working machine setters and setter
operators set or set and operate woodworking
machines, such as precision sawing, shaping,
planning, boring, turning and wood carving
DO7- 104
7423.10 Wood Machinist, General sets and
operates different types of wood working
machines for turning, planing , shaping,
grooving, jointing etc. of wood according to
drawings or required specifications. Studies
drawings or sample or product desired.
Selects appropriate cutting tools or cutters
and fits them to cutter head. Fixes cutter
head in machine and adjusts guides and
machine table to suit operations. Starts
machine, switches on levers and feeds trial
piece of wood into machine.
specimen with drawing or sample, Readjusts
position of tools or machine set up if required
and operates machine to plane, mould, shape
and process wood stock to requirements.
Cleans and oils machine. May sharpen tools
in grinding machine.
Is designated as
MACHINE OPERATOR if engaged in
setting and operating universal wood working
7423.15 Wood Turner, Machine sets and
operates power driven wood turning lathe to
make circular and round wooden objects
according to specifications.
appropriate tools and mounts them on cutter
head. Fixes cutter head in machine and
adjusts guides.
Mounts required size of
wooden stock on machine and aligns it
concentrically in position. Starts machine
and sets speed. Sets and holds tip of tool
against desired portion of rotating wood to be
Fashions wood according to
specifications or sample using different
cutting tools, checking its size and shape
periodically with measuring instruments.
Finishes processed object by smoothening
surface with sand paper. Cleans and oils
machine. May sharpen tools. May operate
other wood working machines.
7423.20 Wood Turner, Hand turns wood
into desired shape by manually operating
improvised lathes for making rolling pins,
legs of beds, chairs, tables etc.
drawings and specifications. Selects suitable
piece of wood of appropriate quality and fits
it into rotating spindle of improvised lathe.
Directs helper to ply attached hand wheel to
rotate spindle. Selects required type of hand
tool, holes it in position against rotating wood
and fashions wood to required specifications,
smoothens object with sand paper to finish
product. May cut and saw timber using hand
7423.25 Shaper, Wood sets and operates
shaping machine for cutting grooves, angles,
designs or irregular shape, etc. on wooden
surface. Studies drawing or samples. Selects
appropriate cutting blades and fits them
securely to rotating spindle of machine.
Adjusts machine table to produce required
shaping operations and to hold wooden stock in
position during processing. Starts machine,
feeds suitable pieces of wood and ensures that
they are properly guided during cutting
operation to obtain required shape. Removes
completed pieces from machine and checks
them for accuracy with templates and scales.
Cleans and oils machine. May grind cutters.
7423.30 Router, Wood; Routing Machine
Operator, Wood sets and operates routing
machine for making various designs on wood
surface by rotary cutter. Clamps and tightens
selected tool bit in machine chuck, inserts
guide pin and sets table stops. Fastens wood
stock securely to table mounted on roller
bearings, moves it under routing tool to cut
designs according to drawings or sketches and
regulates depth of cut by pedal operation as
required. Checks accuracy of cutting using
measuring instruments and resets machine if
necessary to ensure accuracy. Releases pedal
to withdraw wood stock from cutting tools and
removes stock. May draw and trace outline of
design on wood.
May operate machine
equipped with automatic device for varying
depth of cut. May grind cutters and clean and
oil machine.
7423.35 Planer, Wood sets and operates single
or multiple cutting head machine to plane
surface or reduce thickness of wooden stock to
required specifications. Selects appropriate
cutting blades and fits them into cutter head
using hand tools. Turns hand wheel to adjust
table for depth of cut and suit thickness of
implanted stock. Adjusts pressure bar to hold
stock firmly against cutting blades. Starts
machine and inserts one end of stock between
feeding rolls and guides it through machine.
Measures planed stock and resets machine.
Turns stock over and re-runs it through
machine to surface other side and reduce it to
desired thickness. Replaces dull or broken
blades and cleans and oils machine. May
DO7- 105
sharpen and grind cutting tools. May operate
other wood planing and cutting machines.
7423.40 Four Cutter, Wood sets and
operates machines for cutting grooves and
moulding wood stock for making casing and
capping for electrical fittings and such other
articles. Sets and fits cutters to vertical and
horizontal spindles of machines, adjusting
their positions as required. Adjusts machine
table to hold wood stock securely in position
at required height. Starts machine to rotate
cutters at high speed. Feeds trial piece along
table guides into machine cutters to cut
grooves and shape edges and sides. Checks
finished product with drawings or sketches
and makes adjustments to cutters if
necessary. Feeds wood stock and continues
operation. Changes cutters when necessary.
Cleans and oils machines. May sharpen tools
on grinding machine. May operate other
wood cutting machines.
7423.42 Woods Sawyer, Hand operates
hand saw to cut logs in to planks or wooden
boards of required sizes . Marks lines on the
log or timber for cutting it to required sizes
Fixes wooden props or supports at convenient
height to place log of timber for sawing and
places it securely over supports at inclined
position. Selects saw of appropriate size and
with assistance of helper cuts or saws log or
timber along marked line from one end .
Inserts wooden or metal wedges between cut
slit along marked line where required to
prevent pamming of saw .Sharpens saw teeth
with file when necessary . May work ,singly
to size planks to required dimensions using
7423.45 Moulder, Wood; Moulding
Machine Operator, Wood sets and operates
moulding machine for cutting sides of
wooden boards, frames etc. to required shape
and making specific grooves and profiles
with form cutters. Studies drawing or sample
to determine shape to be cut. Selects suitable
cutting blades and fixes them to rotating
spindles of machine. Sets blades in required
position or angle and fastens them securely
using spanners. Fits different types of cutters
to different spindles of machine depending on
type of cutting required, such as for grooves,
profiles, etc.
Adjusts machine table to
desired position or height for size of cut to be
made and sets guides to hold stock in
position. Starts machine and cuts tripal pairs.
Checks trial piece and re-adjusts machine if
required. Shoves wood stock between feed
rolls which automatically carry pieces through
machine for machining and continues
operation. Cleans and oils machine. May
grind knives to correct profile. May operate
other wood cutting machines. May design jigs
and fixtures for repetitive or specific machining
7423.50 Mortiser Operator sets and operates
mortising machine for cutting slots of
prescribed dimension in wooden frames for
making joints.
Selects and fits appropriate
cutting tools to machine spindle. Sets machine
table and guides setters to hold stock in
position. Collects wood stock and checks
marking for dimension of slot to be cut on it.
Places wood stock below cutting tool on
machine table.
Lowers cutting tool over
marked area on wooden stock and sets its
position for slotting.
Starts machine and
presses down tool to cut slots of required
dimensions. Checks dimensions and removes
processed wood on completion. May clean and
oil machine. May grind and sharpen cutting
May operate other wood cutting
7423.55 Tenoning Machine Operator sets
and operates tenoning machine to make tenons
in wooden frames according to specifications
for making joints. Selects and fits appropriate
cutting blades securely on rotating spindle of
machine. Adjusts cutters and machine table to
suit required size of tenons to be cut. Feeds
wood stock between guide plates on table to
hold it firmly during operation. Starts machine,
pushes wood stock against cutters to obtain
single or double tenoning (cutting one or both
sides of wood stock) according to type of
machine operated and adjusts cutters to obtain
tenons of prescribed dimensions. Cleans and
oils machine. May grind and sharpen cutting
blades. May operate tenoning machine with
scribing head, and other wood working
7423.60 Jointer Machine Operator sets and
operates specially designed machine for
making plough and tang and other water tight
joints. Studies drawings. Fits cutter knives in
cutter head of machine and tightens set screws
with wrench to secure them in position.
Collects wood stock and marks cutting line
DO7- 106
with pencil. Places fence to guide stock at
specified angle to cutting knives and places
stock on edge against fence on machine table.
Starts machine and slides stock over rotating
cutting knives, using fence as guide. Checks
cuts on stock against blue prints or sketches
using mitre gauges, squares etc. and makes
necessary adjustments. Feeds stock across
cutting knives and continues operation.
Turns stock and machines other edge
frequently checking its width with calipers or
gauges to ensure accuracy of fitting. May
smoothen and reduce wood stock to required
thickness. May replace broken or dull cutting
tools. May grind and sharpen cutting blades.
May clean and oil machine. May operate
other wood cutting machines.
cutter heads to cut spirals or longitudinal
grooves or both in addition to rounding stock.
7423.65 Driller Wood; Boring Machine
Operator, Wood sets and operates wood
boring machine for boring holes of required
dimensions in wooden frames and articles.
Selects drill bit of appropriate size for boring
hole and fits it to spindle of machine using
chuck, collet or sleeve as necessary.
Measures and marks stock for boring or
follows markings already made. Clamps
stock to machine table and centres drill bit
over or in front of marks indicating location
of hole. Adjusts spindle stop to regulate
depth of hole and starts machine. Moves
table upward or forward and bores required
hole in stock. Withdraws bit from stock and
repeats process. Changes drill bits to bore
holes of different dimensions. Cleans and
oils machine.
May be designated as
WOOD according to type of boring machine
7423.90 Wood Working Machine Operatives
perform variety of routine and low skilled tasks
such as assisting in setting tools and lumber in
machine, feeding boards and planks, against
cutter, driving nails in wooden boards,
spreading glue in adjacent surfaces, etc., and
may be designated as Wood Working
Machinist Helper; Nailing Machine Operator,
Glueing Machine Operator Wood; Paster
Wood; etc.
7423.70 Dowel Machine Operator, Wood;
Rounding Machine Operator, Wood sets
and operates dowel machine for making
round wooden pins of various dimensions for
securing joints. Selects and fits cutter blades
of required size in cutter head of machine.
Sets gap between blades equal to diameter of
dowel, using calipers and gauges and adjusts
stock guides and feed and take off rollers to
size and finish stock to required
specifications. Starts machine, places stock
on guides and pushes on end of sample
between feed rollers. Checks size of rounded
stock with measuring instruments. Makes
adjustments to machine if necessary, feeds
stock and continues operation. May install
7423.80 Wood Wool Machine Operator sets
and operates wood wool machine for reducing
soft wooden stock into long thin fibres
commonly used as packing material. Selects
appropriate cutting tools and mounts them on
cutter head. Fixes cutter head in machine and
adjusts wood stock to tool post. Starts machine
to move wood piece to and fro against cutters
and moves cam by hand to control speed of tool
post to cut fibres of desired thinness from wood
stock. Checks fineness of fibres and adjusts
operation as required. May clean and oil
machine. May sharpen or replace dull blades.
May operate other wood working machines.
Basketry weavers, brush makers and related
workers make wicker furniture, brushes and
brooms and weave baskets.
7424.05 Supervisors and Foremen, Brush
Making supervises manufacture of bristles,
nylon and other types of brushes, and ensures
correct production. Studies specifications of
type of brush to be made and instructs
respective workers accordingly.
setting, sizing, sterilizing and other operations,
during manufacture according to processes
involved, rejects defective items or gets defects
removed and ensures correct production.
Maintains prescribed records and registers and
evolves methods to minimise wastage as far as
possible. May specialise in manufacture of one
or more types of brushes.
7424.10 Furniture Maker, Bamboo makes
bamboo furniture by sizing and dressing
bamboo pieces, drilling holes, building frames
and body with strengthening pieces. Studies
pattern, size or design of furniture to be made;
DO7- 107
collects seasoned bamboo stakes (rods) them
and soaks in water; removes stakes from bath
when soft and cuts and removes thin splints
and splits them into strips of desired size and
thickness with selects cut bamboo into
specific sizes, drills holes where necessary
and sets them into required pattern;
completes object by weaving seat, back and
other parts as necessary and fastening ends
either with bamboo or cane strips. May
specialise in a particular article such as Table,
Chair, Sofa set, etc. May also undertake
repair work.
7424.15 Furniture Maker, Reed makes reed
furniture by sizing and dressing reeds and
weaving them with rope to desired pattern.
Studies pattern, size or design of furniture to
be made; collects material, cuts them into
required length and fastens them together
with strings to desired shape; cuts off,
conceals or weaves together loose ends, to
finish edges; completes object by setting and
fastening dry grass on handles, top, bottom
and edges with rope. May use rexine or
leather for decoration and durability on
bottom, top, and handles. May specialise in
fabricating a particular article or part of
furniture and be designated accordingly.
7424.20 Furniture Maker, Cane makes
cane furniture by sizing and dressing required
cane pieces, bending them to shape by
heating, fastening parts together with cane
strips and nailing. Studies pattern, size and
design of furniture to be made; selects cane
rods, cuts them to required length; shaves out
pieces to remove projections, heats frame
pieces and other sticks with blow torch, and
bends them to desired shape; fastens sticks
together with bolts, nails, and screws; weaves
wickers in, through, and around frame cutting
off and concealing or weaving together loose
ends to finish edges; winds wickers around
joints to strengthen and conceal them. May
do polishing or painting of furniture. May
fit cushions in chairs, sofa sets, etc. May
undertake repair work of old furniture. May
be designated according to article or part of
furniture fabricated as BACK MAKER;
7424.25 Caner interweaves cane strips to
make seat, back etc., of chairs, sofa sets and
similar furniture. Soaks pre-cut rattan stakes
(rods) in water to soften and bleach; removes
stakes from bath when soft, cuts and removes
splints and splits them into strips of desired size
and thickness; interlaces strips through and
around frame of furniture to be made according
to pattern, cutting off and concealing or
weaving together loose ends to finish edges;
winds wickers around joints to strengthen and
conceal them. May specialise in weaving a
particular article.
7424.30 Basket Maker makes baskets of
specified size and shape by interlacing willow,
rattan or other materials. Forms bottom of
basket by interlacing strips of bamboo or
similar material with framework of bamboo
ribs; inserts ribs around edge of bottom and
between woven sections of bottom to serve as
framework of sides; bends ribs perpendicular to
bottom and secures to hold them in position for
weaving of sides; weaves strips through ribs
until sides are completed; tapers or points ends
of protruding ribs, and bends and inserts them
into spaces in top edge of woven sides. May
make solid bottom boards, using bandsaw, drill
press, and carpenters' hand tools.
interlace reeds through stakes (rods), secured in
screw blocks, to form parts of basket, such as
woven bottom. May design baskets. May be
designated according to type of basket woven
as HAMPER MAKER; MARKET BASKET MAKER; or according to material
7424.35 Mat Weaver, Bamboo makes mats of
seasoned and coloured bamboo strips according
to pattern or design. Soaks pre-cut bamboo
stakes in water to soften and bleach them;
removes stakes from bath when soft, cuts and
removes splints and splits them into strips of
desired size and thickness; dresses bamboo
strips to remove sharpness; colours strips
according to desired pattern and weaves them
into mat, cutting off and concealing or weaving
together loose ends to finish edges; weaves
thicker strips and ornamental borders on edge
or end of mat. May make own designs. May
weave window and door screens. May make
fans, fruit baskets etc.
7424.40 Mat Weaver, Grass and Leaves
makes mat from palm, coconut tree leaves and
grass materials. Removes central rib from
leaves; dries leaves in sun to remove extra
moisture; cuts and dresses leaves to desired
size; inter-weaves dressed leaves to form mat
DO7- 108
of required size and design, cutting off and
concealing or weaving together loose ends to
finish edges. May stitch them with twine for
strength and durability.
7424.45 Broom Maker fastens material such
as palm leaves, coconut leaf ribs, broom grass or bamboo wickers together or to
broom handles with rope or wire to form
brooms. Selects and sorts material according
to length and quality of broom to be made;
examines and removes stems which are short,
broken or do not otherwise meet standards;
arranges and fastens material together or
around end of wooden handle by winding and
stappling wire, rope, leather or metal strips;
trims broom material to uniform length. May
be designated according to type of broom
made or material used.
7424.50 Chick Maker makes reed or
bamboo chicks by sizing and dressing reeds
or bamboo wickers and fastening together by
twine. Collects material, cuts and sizes them
into thin strips according to design;
assembles and fastens strips together with
thin rope or twine to form into mat of desired
size; trims edges and fixes cloth pipeing on
four sides. May stitch coloured cloth over
7424.55 Khas Tatti Maker makes Khas
Tatties; (screens made with khas) a type of
aromatic grass roots used for keeping room
cool form summer heat when cold water is
sprinkled on them. Collects dry khas roots;
prepares bamboo frames of required size;
spreads layers of kahs roots to make bed of
required thickness and fastens it into bamboo
frame with bamboo splinters to support on
both sides and binds them with thin rope or
sutli; trims edges to complete screen.
7424.60 Brush Material Preparer prepares
hog bristles and other brush filling materials,
such as horsehair, nylon and vegetable fibres
for use in brushes. Aligns bristles to ensure
that flagged ends are together and discards
defective ones. Ties bundle of bristles to
prevent bending and places it on rack.
Lowers rack of bundles into vat of boiling
water to remove natural curl of bristle.
Removes rack after specified time and places
it on dolly or in oven to dry. Places bundle of
bristles in carton and labels carton according
to length, origin, grade and colour of
contents. Prepares other brush-filling materials
by straightening, combing, cutting and tying
them according to type of material and intended
use. Holds bundle of material against grinding
wheel to flag ends to trim butt ends, and to
polish material.
Selects filling material
according to formula and lays it on work bench
in prescribed manner prior to processing by
mixing machine. May sterilise bristles and
pack material in carton.
7424.65 Brush Maker, Hand selects and
prepares brush materials, such as bristles, fibre,
nylon or wire, and sets them in brush handle or
Grades and mixes filling material
according to type of brush made and cleans and
otherwise prepares it; sorts and arranges
material in tufts; inserts them in prepared holes
and secures them with glue, cement, pitch or
wire; trims brush material to uniform length.
May be designated according to type of brush
made or material used.
7424.90 Basketry Weavers, Brush Makers
and Related Workers, Other include all other
workers who make wicker furniture, brushes
and brooms and weave baskets not elsewhere
Textile, garment and related trades workers
prepare natural textile fibres, threads and yarns,
and make fabrics by weaving, knitting and
other means, make and repair garments and
other textile and fur articles, or they upholster
Fibre preparers prepare wool, cotton, flax, jute,
hemp and other natural textile fibres for
spinning and winding.
7431.10 Bale Breaker Tenter, Cotton; Bale
Opener, Cotton; Lattice Feeder, Cotton
tends bale breaking machine for opening and
mixing cotton of various grades and partially
cleaning it. Presses switch to start bale breaking
machine. Pulls out and collects armful of cotton
layers from stack and spreads it on creeper
lattice of machine for breaking and uniform
mixing. Ensures regular feeding of cotton into
lattice in prescribed proportion; Stops machine
if jammed with cotton. Removes surplus cotton
DO7- 109
and regulates feed to avoid further jamming.
Restarts machine and watches operation of
cleaning by beater and exit of cotton through
delivery cage under guidance of Mistry.
Cleans waste, trash and dust periodically
from dust chamber. Removes wastes cotton
from machine and cleans machine. May
perform any other miscellaneous work in
blow room.
7431.12 Batching Mistry, Wool; Batching
Jamadar, Wool; Batching Supervisor,
Wool checks bags of wool received from
godown to ensure correct quality, colour and
weight of wool to be mixed and supervises
batching work. Receives bags of wool from
stores and checks them for correct
Allots bags of wool to
Batchingman and directs him to spread wool
of different quality, colour and weight in
layers one upon another in required
proportion to be mixed. Supervises mixing
of wool by Batchingman and checks
formation of batch to ensure that wool of
correct quality, colour and weight is used.
Maintains record of quantity and quality of
wool received from store and batches formed.
Batchingman and Teaserman.
7431.14 Wool Sorters; Wool Picker sorts
and grades wool according to length, colour
and quality of wool judging by touch and
sight. Picks fleece and wool and breaks them
by hand into pieces. Separates them into
heap according to colour, quality, etc. Picks
out foreign matter such as sticks, knots etc.
May use knife for cutting out sewn edges of
old garments and removing unwanted
7431.16 Selector, Jute opens bales of jute
and sorts, grades and classifies contents
according to colour, softness, strength and
texture. Receives bales of jute from godwon
and cuts ropes of bales with knife to open
them. Spreads jute on floor manually, picks
up samples to examine softness, strength,
texture and colour of fibres by touch and
sight and places different grades of jute
separately for classification. Prepares jute by
twisting ends of form Morahes (twisted jute)
for stacking. May cut long and hard roots
with knife. May carry jute to Softener
Feeder for processing.
7431.18 Grader, Coir sorts coir yarn
according to grade. Examines thickness and
colour hanks of coir yarn and separates them
into lots accordingly.
7431.20 Porcupine Tenter, Cotton; Hopper
Feeder Tenter, Cotton tends porcupine
machine which opens and clean cotton. Lifts
armful of cotton from open stack and spreads
on feeder lattice of machine. Stops machine
when jammed, takes out surplus cotton and
restarts machine. May clean and oil machine.
7431.22 Waste Machineman (Cotton Textile)
tends machine for cleaning cotton waste for reuse by beating and pulling it apart. Lifts waste
roving, yarn or other matted cotton and spreads
it on feeder apron or lattice of waste machine.
Takes out by hand surplus cotton from machine
when machine becomes jammed.
cleaned cotton in gunny bags. Cleans and oils
Is designated as WILLOW
MACHINEMAN; etc. according to type of
machine on which worked.
7431.24 Teaserman, Wool ; Teasing Machine
man ,Wool tends teaser machine for mixing
wool of different qualities and shades .
Operates lever to start teaser machine. Picks up
wool by hand from stack uniformly from top to
bottom, spreads it on floor to mix with
emulsion and then passes it on feeder lattice of
teaser machine . Receives softened wool at
delivery end and packs it in bags. Removes
surplus wool when machine gets choked.
Cleans machine.
7431.26 Scouring Mistry, Wool; Scouring
Jamadar, Wool; Scouring Jobber, Wool
supervises work of Scouring man, Wool and
Drying Machine man, Wool.
chemical solution or instructs scouring man in
preparing it. Adjusts scouring and drying
machines and does running repairs.
7431.28 Scouringman, Wool; Scouring
Machineman, Wool; Scourer, Wool tends
scouring machine for washing raw wool in
chemical solution to prepare it for dyeing and
carding. Receives instructions from Scouring
Mistry and prepares chemical solution by
mixing soda, soap and other scouring agents in
proper proportion in hot water tank. Pours it
into bowls of machine. Operates scouring
DO7- 110
machine and uniformly spreads wool by hand
on feeder hopper of machine to obtain even
flow of wool at delivery end. Regulates flow
of wool from one bowl to another. Collects
clean wool at delivery end and feeds wool on
lattice of drying machine. Regulates flow of
feeds and removes wool from drying rollers.
Cleans machine and bowls periodically.
7431.30 Cooker (Silkworm) boils cocoons
to kill pupa inside cocoon and trace end of
silk filament for reeling silk. Fills tube
containing water with cocoons and lets in
steam to heat it. Allows cocoons to remain in
boiling water for specified period. Ensures
that all pupa inside cocoon are killed and
water is kept at prescribed temperature. Stirs
cocoons and boiling water with wooden stick
to which they get attached. Collects in laddle
cocoons whose filaments are drawn out.
Delivers such cocoons at reeling section for
Reeler to draw silk. May reel silk over
reeling machine.
7431.32 Softener Feeder and Receiver Jute
tends softener machine for moistening and
softening jute. Starts softening machine,
picks up handful of jute (moral) or jute
cuttings placed near feed-end of machine and
places it evenly upon travelling apron or
lattice of softening machine. Ensures that jute
is uniformly and continuously fed. Stops
machine when choked and removes surplus
jute to clear choking. Receives softened
stricks or portion of jute while working at
receiving end, and gives twist to stricks lunch
of handled jute. Ties them up and places
them on barrow or semi -cylindrical
containers for removal for further processing.
Watches steady flow of emulsion through
valve to ensure required quantum of moisture
for processing as directed. Cleans and oils
machine and reports defects in machine for
rectification. May bring sorted jute from bins
and stack it near feed-end of machine.
7431.34 Root Cutter, Jute cuts hard and
surplus roots of jute by knife.
softened jute from file to root cutting knife.
Picks up handful of softened jute and
arranges hard and surplus jute ends evenly.
Places root ends over knife at Breaker dollop
table, clips them off and carries root cuttings
to weighing scale. Ensures that usable jute is
not cut and wasted. May carry jute to
softening machine.
Is designated as
CHOPPER, JUTE if engaged in chopping off
hard root ends of special quality jute by heavy
knife and combing large morah (twisted jute)
prior to selection by Selector, Jute.
7431.40 Teaser (Feeder and Receiver), Jute
tends teasing machine which breaks up matted
jute fibre and remove dust and foreign matter.
Starts teaser machine. Picks up handful of
waste jute, cuttings, hard roots, thread waste,
ropes, etc. placed near feed end and spreads
them evenly on lattice of machine. Ensures
continuous feeding to obtain regular flow of
teased and cleaned jute and delivery end. Stops
machine when jammed and removes surplus
jute to clear obstruction. Reports defect if any
for rectification. Receives teased and cleaned
jute at delivery end. May carry teased material
to breaker feeding line. May also oil and clean
7431.42 Fibre Preparer Coir prepares fibre
from coconut husks. Dumps coconut husks in
convenient place in lake, covers them
completely on top with strong net or palm
leaves and places stones over dump to sink
coconut husks under water. Keeps dump under
water for specified period.
husks(now called retted husk) from water to
open space to drain off water. Holds one small
piece of retted husk on wooden block with one
hand and beats it with iron or wooden rod with
other to release fibres from husk. Pulls out
outer cover of husk by hand. Continues beating
till all fibres in husk are released. Spreads
fibres in sun for drying. Collects dried fibre in
one place, beats them with long thin stick;
removes remnant of pith; if any and loosens
and softens fibre. May spin coir yarn from
fibre by hand or hand spinning wheel
7431.44 Fibre Preparer, Grass; prepares
fibres from hemp. Grass, etc. for making ropes,
cords and like materials. Collects hemp, grass,
etc. and cuts off ends and unnecessary portions
using knife. Submerges them in standing water
to allow them to decay for specified period.
Takes them out and washes off decayed matter
in running water. Extracts fibres and dries
them in sun. may manually make ropes, cords,
etc. with dried fibres.
7431.46 Carder, Cotton, Hand; Teaser,
Cotton, Hand breaks and cleans cotton by
hand using bow string and mallet. Receives
DO7- 111
cotton from customers or godown for
breaking into fluff. Spreads cotton on clean
floor generally in closed place. Suspends
bow with cord over cotton so that bow string
touches cotton. Holds bow with one hand
and strikes mallet on bow-string with other
ensuring that cotton gets wrapped on string
and is broken into fluff by tension and
vibration created in string. Manipulates bow
to reach cotton at different places. Removes
cotton stuck to bow string with hand.
Replaces string if broken. May supply cotton
to customers on payment. May also stuff
pillows, cushions, quilts, etc. when engaged
in such work.
7431.48 Finisher Scutcher
Scutcher Tenter; Breaker Scutcherman;
Inter-Schtcherman; Finisher Attendant
(Cotton Textile) tends scutcher machine for
opening and cleaning cotton and transferring
it into lap (roll of cotton sheet of prescribed
yardage). Fixes lap spindle on machine at
delivery end. Adjusts rack (cover, lever, etc.),
pulls layer of cotton by hand from feed- end
of machine and sets it under roller for rolling.
Moves wheel by hand to uncover roller.
Starts machine for opening, cleaning and
rolling of cotton and ensures continuos flow
of cotton through automatic control feed.
Fixes roving bobbins (filled bobbins) on
machine and observes process of binding
each layer of lap with cotton yarn. Inserts
iron rod into spindle when lap is near
completion to facilitate removal of cotton lap.
Stops machine when prescribed yardage is
rolled. Doffs (removes) lap from machine.
Carries lap to weighing machine and weighs
lap to check that it conforms to prescribed
weights. Discards lap if does not conform to
prescribed weight for reprocessing. Removes
waste cotton and cleans machine. May adjust
machine. May prepare preliminary lap on
breaker scutcher machine and conduct
finishing of lap by transferring preliminary
lap into finishing scutcher.
7431.50 Cardtenter, Cotton; Liner; Can
Carrier; Can Minder; Can Boy (Cotton
Textile) tends carding machine which cleans
and transforms lap of cotton into sliver (rope
like untwisted strand). Fixes and adjusts laps
of cotton on brackets at back of machine for
carding. Places end of lap (roll of cotton
sheet) between feed roll and feed plate.
Places empty cans in front machine to receive
Starts and cleans machine after
stripping (removing of short fibres) of cylinder
and doffer done by Card Strippers. Collects
web (thin fibres formed of matted fibres),
ensuing from doffer, threads it through calender
rolls and pieces (joins) with sliver in can.
Ensures regular feeding of cotton into machine
and attends to breaks in web and sliver front
(delivery end). Replaces filled cans with empty
ones. Removes filled cans to draw-frame
section and fetches empty ones.
operational defects in machine, and sets them
right. Reports major defects to Jobber for
rectification. Cleans and oils machine.
7431.52 Set Framer, Silk operates set frame
machine to make silk into silver. Switches on
set frame to move comb up and down which
carries fibres through it. Feeds silk laps one
after another. Pieces broken ends with hand to
keep continuous flow.
Condenses fibres
coming out through trumpet (part of machine)
into one sliver. Oils and cleans machine.
7431.54 Sliver-Lap-Man; (Cotton Textile)
tends sliver lap-machine to convert several
slivers into single lap for feeding ribbon lap or
combing machine. Collects and arranges sliver
cans at feed end of sliver-lap-machine. Pulls
out ends of slivers and feeds them on to rollers
through guides by hand. Starts machine,
watches sliver ends running through machine
and joins broken ends. Maintains continuous
flow of sliver by regular feed avoiding
jamming. Stops machine when jammed and
draws out surplus sliver to clear jamming.
Moves wheel with hand to remove lap cover.
Pulls out spindle wheel to facilitate removal of
lap at delivery end. Removes lap from delivery
disc and places it on creel and refixes bobbin,
cover, etc. Starts machine to transform lap.
Cleans machine and removes sliver dropping.
Locates operational defects on machine and
removes them. May carry lap to Ribbon-LapMan of Comber and bring back empty spools.
May tend ribbon-lap-machine.
7431.56 Ribbon-Lap-Man tends ribbon-lapmachine to convert number of sliver laps into
single ribbon-like lap for feeding combing
machine. Receives sliver laps from Sliver-Lapman and places and adjusts them on ribbon lap
machine. Pulls out lap ends by hand and feeds
them through draw rolls over guide plates and
then through calender rolls. Starts machine.
Watches running of sliver ends through ribbon
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plates and ensures smooth running of
machine to avoid jamming. Keeps up regular
feed of sliver laps into machine, picks broken
ends of sliver and joins them after stopping
Stops machine and pulls out
surplus material by hand to clear jamming as
necessary. Moves wheel by hand to remove
lap cover and pulls out spindle wheel to
facilitate removal of lap at delivery end.
Removes lap from delivery disc and places it
on creel of comber. Refixes bobbin, shuts lap
cover, etc., and starts machine to continue
processing. Cleans machine and removes
sliver dropping. May carry lap to combing
machine and bring empty spools. May tend
sliver-lap machine. May locate operational
defects and rectify them.
(Woollen Textile) tends condenser machine
for cleaning and transforming wool into
slubbing (loosely twisted strands). Fixes
empty bobbins on machine. Stars machine
which cleans and divides carded sliver into
narrow divisions and rubs sliver on leather
roll for shaping it into firm and round wool
rovings, threads, slubbings, etc.
condenser tape and arranges its repair when
broken. Loops slubbing ends or wool rovings
coming out of machine rollers round empty
bobbins. Locates and joins broken ends and
replaces filled condenser bobbins with empty
ones. Observes operation of machine to
ensure regular flow of sliver and removes
wool waste from machine to avoid jamming.
Cleans and oils machine.
Textile) tends punch-box-machine for making
balls of sliver for combing. Arranges cans of
sliver at feed end of machine. Draws ends of
wool from each can. Passes ends together
through guide to press rollers. Collects and
wraps wool on spindle roller. Operates presser
lever and starts machine to make punch balls of
sliver of required yardage for combing fibres.
Breaks wool between spindle and can by hand
when machine stops automatically on
formation of punch balls of required yardage.
Removes punch ball.
7431.66 Comb Minder; Comber (Woollen
Textile) tends combing machine for combing
wool to remove foreign matter and to separate
short fibres from long fibres required for
worsted yarn. Places balls of sliver on creel of
machine. Passes ends of sliver from balls
through guides and places ends on comb circle.
Starts machine and threads sliver, coming out
of drawing rollers, through funnel into can at
delivery end. Joins broken ends and places
new balls on creel of machine when necessary
Replaces full cans with empty ones at delivery
end. Removes noil (short fibres of wool
separated from longer fibres by combing) from
underneath machine. Oils and cleans machine.
7431.62 Card Feeder; Hopper Feeder;
Carder (Woollen Textile) tends carding
machine for opening wool. Starts machine
and draws wool by hand from wool box.
Weighs wool on scale attached to frame of
machine. Breaks open knotted wool with
hand and spreads fixed quantity of wool
evenly on feeder lattice between marked
portions to ensure that rolls of uniform
weight are delivered by machine after
carding. Maintains regular feed of wool and
watches operations to ensure proper
processing. Avoids jamming by adjusting
feed and removing surplus wool. Removes
waste from machine and oils and cleans it.
7431.68 Gill-Box-Man; Gill-Box Minder
(Woollen Textile) tends gill- box machine for
placing wool fibres in line and blending several
slivers of wool into one sliver of uniform
thickness. Places cans or balls of sliver in
positions on floor at feed end of machine.
Takes ends of sliver from each can or ball,
passes them through back roller, and squeezes
them through gathering eye to front roller.
Starts machine Passes end of sliver combing
out at delivery
end through guide into
receiving can or loops it around spindle or
empty bobbin. Watches processing from feed
to delivery end. Joins broken ends as and when
Fixes new balls to replace
exhausted balls at feed end to ensure regular
feed. Removes fibres from leather sheet after
sopping machine when jammed.
processed sliver and removes filled cans,
wound balls or full bobbins at delivery end.
Removes waste from machine and leather
sheet. Cleans machine. May operate finishing
gill-box-machine on which sliver balls are
fixed at creel and bobbin at delivery end.
Maker Wool; Punch-Box Minder (Woollen
7431.70 Spreader Feeder, Jute tends goods
jute spreader machine to spread, smoothen and
DO7- 113
transform jute into sliver. Starts machine and
feeds jute by hand to lattice feeder of
machine to carry hard jute through rollers,
fast chain, slow chain, etc. for softening and
transforming jute into sliver. Spreads jute by
hand, uniformly on lattice. Watches indicator
to check weight for regulating feed. Switches
off machine when jammed and pulls out
surplus or jammed jute by hand to clear
jamming. Cleans and oils machine. May
work on jute softener machine.
7431.71 Spreader Receiver, Jute removes
balls of jute sliver from delivery end of goods
jute spreader machine and carries them to
Breaker Feeder. Guides flow of jute by hand
into emerson tray. Sprays emulsion (emerson
solution) through pipe to moisten jute.
Observes emerson watch reading and
regulates feed of solution according to
requirement. Watches formation of sliver lap
into rolls by automatic roll former. Avoids
jamming at delivery end. Removes sliver roll
from automatic roll stand and carries it to
feed end of breaker feeder machine for
further processing. Cleans delivery end of
spreader. May tend spreader feeder machine.
7431.72 Breaker Feeder, Jute tends breaker
machine for cleaning jute and transforming it
into sliver. Starts machine. Picks up jute
from boxes at feed end of breaker to feed it
on lattice placing root ends of jute fibres on
top of feed cloth. Opens with hand knotted
bundles of jute and spreads jute evenly on
lattice. Observes weight indicator to regulate
and ensure continuous feeding of jute. Stops
machine when jammed and pulls out surplus
jute to clear jamming Removes waste jute
and cleans machine.
7431.73 Breaker Receiver and Finisher
Feeder, Jute collects sliver coming out from
breaker in cans at delivery end of machine for
feeding finisher machine. Places required
number of empty cans at delivery end of
breaker machine for collecting sliver.
Adjusts flow of sliver coming out from
breaker into can. Replaces filled cans with
empties. Carries cans to finisher machine for
further processing. Removes waste from
machine and cleans it. May feed sliver in
finisher machine. May tend breaker and
finisher machines.
7431.75 Finisher Feeder, Jute tends finisher
machine which tears and sets jute fibres
parallel. Places sliver cans at feed end or fixes
rolls of one quality of jute on machine. Starts
finisher machine. Pulls out sliver ends for
feeding into feed rolls, adjusts sliver into
guides and watches proper running of sliver
through machine. Maintains and regulates flow
of feed. Detects and joins broken ends. Stops
machine when jammed and takes out jammed
sliver by hand. Removes waste sliver and
cleans machine.
7431.90 Fibre Preparation Operatives
perform variety of routine and low skilled tasks
in connection with ginning, cleaning, scouring,
carding etc., for preparation of cotton, wool,
silk, jute, coir or other fibres and are designated
according to nature of work performed such as:
Batchingman, Wool; Batcher, Wool;
Blender, Wool mixes and stacks wool by
spreading layers of different qualities or shades
on top of each other according to instructions
from batching Mistry, Wool;
Drying Machineman, Wool gathers wool
received at delivery end of wool drying
machine and fills wool in bags;
Cross Feed Minder, Wool looks after cross
feed of scribbled material to carding machine
ensuring its regular flow;
Mixing Attendant mixes and stacks cotton,
wool, etc,.of different grades;
Lap Carrier; Lapman caries laps of cotton
from blow room to carding machine and places
laps on brackets at back of carding machines.
May also lead ends of laps into feed rolls of
carding machine;
Fly Gatherer, Cotton;
Flyman, cotton
removes cotton waste and lint from floor and
gutter and collects it in bags;
Hopper Feeder feeds wool or cotton by hand,
to hopper of breaker-picker machine;
Waste Picker Wool picks and separates, by
hand, different kinds of wool waste such as
hard waste, soft waste, sweepings, etc;
DO7- 114
Shoddy Cleaner
removes wool waste
dropping on floor from wool carding machine
and collects it in bags;
Wool Carrier carries wool from stacks in
hand carts for supply to bins near card
machines, etc.
Weavers, knitters and related workers spin
and wind yarn by hand, weave materials on
hand looms, make carpets by using a knotting
technique, knit garment fabrics by hand or
hand operated machine or perform similar
manufacturing tasks by hand or hand
operated machine.
7432.10 Drawingman; Drawer; Re ducer
(Woollen Textile) tends drawing frame for
drawing wool sliver into yarn. Fixes empty
bobbins on spindles. Arranges sliver cans at
feed end of drawing frame. Draws sliver
from can and passes them through guides,
rollers and gill-box and loops them around
bobbins on spindle. Starts drawing frame.
Detects broken ends, stops machine and
pieces (joins) them by hand.
continuous flow of
jamming when necessary by stopping
machine and withdrawing surplus wool.
Replaces filled bobbins with empty ones.
Removes waste wool from machine and work
area. May clean and oil machine.
7432.12 Doffer, Fly Frame: Doffer Boy
(Textile) replaces bobbins filled at slubbing,
inter or roving frames with empty bobbins.
Brings empty bobbins and keeps them in
between spindles. Removes filled bobbins
from spindles and places empties instead.
Loops ends of rovings around empty bobbins
for winding. Cleans frames.
7432.20 Hand Spinner,(Cotton and
Woollen Textile) spins yarn from cotton or
wool using ‘charkha' (spinning wheel).
Loops small length of yarn around spindle of
charkha, holds end of yarn length along with
sliver of cotton or wool in left hand, turns
spinning wheel by right hand simultaneously
withdrawing left hand slowly to draw and
spin yarn. Stops charkha when arm length of
yarn has been drawn and spun and winds
yarn on spindle. Removes cop of yarn from
spindle when it is full. May also spin yarn
using 'Takli'(hand spinning spindle).
7432.22 Piecer; Ring Spinner; Ring Piecer;
Sider(Cotton and Woollen Textile) tend
number of spindles on ring frame for
converting rovings into spun yarn.
bobbins filled on inter or roving machines in
creel of ring machine and threads ends through
guides and drafting rollers. Locates broken
ends of yarn, lifts bobbin from live spindle and
unreels some yarn from it, replaces bobbin on
spindle, threads yarn through guide and ring
traveller and joins it with other end. Replaces
empty roving bobbins in creel with filled ones,
joining tail end with leading end. Gets filled
yarn bobbins replaced with empty ones by
Doffer, Spinning. Cleans top clearers and
7432.24 Mulepiecer; Mule Spinner (Cotton
and Woollen Textile ) tends mule spinning
frame for spinning rovings or condensed sliver
into yarn. Places filled roving bobbins, or
condenser bobbins (a reel with about 15 to 30
ends) on creel of mule machine. Passes ends
through guides and drawing rollers and loops
them on spindles. Moves backward and
forward with carriage of 'mule' and joins
broken ends of yarn. Replaces empty bobbins
with full ones. Takes off cops when spindles
are full. Cleans machine.
7432.26 Spinner, Jute tends number of
spindles on spinning frame for converting jute
sliver received from drawing frame into yarn.
Arranges sliver cans at back or spinning frame.
Lowers spindles on frame and directs Doffer to
fit empty bobbins on spindles. Pulls, ends of
sliver on bobbins and passes them through
guides and drafting rollers.
Switches on
spinning frame to get slivers spun and
converted into yarn. Pieces (joins) broken ends
and ensures regular flow of slivers from cans.
Replaces filled bobbins by empty ones. Checks
jamming of machine, removes surplus jute
yarn, and ensures that machine and bobbins run
properly. Cleans and oils machine.
7432.28 Spinner, Coir spins coir yarn from
coconut fibres by using spinning wheel.
Collects small quantity of fibre and puts it in
lap, Loops fibre on spindle of spinning wheel.
Rotates wheel by turning its handle. Walks
backward with twisted fibre in hand and feeds
required fibre from lap to form coir yarns.
DO7- 115
Stops rotation of wheel when yarns on both
spindles reach specified length.
together ends of two yarns and loops it on
spindle of another spinning wheel placed
opposite to first. Rotates wheels of both
spinning wheels. Holds oblong wooden
device with grooves in between two yarns.
Moves wooden device and second spinning
wheel forward to get two yarns twisted and
form into one yarn. Removes ends of yarn
loops on spindle of first spinning wheel and
twists two ends together by hand. Makes
hank of yarn by hand and keeps hank aside.
May prepare coir fibre from retted coconut
Doubling Sider; Thrower (Textile) tends
twisting machine for twisting yarn to give it
strength. Mounts filled bobbins, cheeses or
ones on creel of machine. Places empty
bobbins on spindles of machines. Threads
ends of yarn from filled bobbins through
guides and travellers and loops them on
empty bobbins. Starts machine. Joins ends
when yarn breaks. Removes bobbins when
filled with twisted yarn.
Is known as
DOUBLER when twisting two or more
strands of yarn.
7432.32 Doffer, Spinning; Doffer, Ring
Frame; Gaiter; Shifter replaces filled
bobbins with empty one on spindles of
spinning frame. Brings and arranges sliver
canes behind spinning frame. Brings empty
bobbins in doffing boxes or baskets and set
them in spindles of spinning frame. Watches
winding of yarns on bobbins. Lifts filled
bobbins from spindles and collects them in
tray or baskets. Collects waste and removes
them to godown. Keeps machine sides and
department clean. May help Piecer in piecing
broken ends of yarn and creeling and
changing ring travellers. May clean bobbins.
May perform miscellaneous duties as
7432.40 Knotter, Silk tends reeling machine
to draw composite silk filament from reeling
basin to wooden reel. Collects and mounts
wooden reel on machine. Draws and wraps
ends of silk filament on reel. Switches on
machine by releasing brake to wind filament
on reel. Watches operation and joins ends
when filament gets broken. May do reeling
and cooking of cocoons.
7432.42 Beam Gaiter; Beam Binder(Textile)
prepares loom for weaving cloth. Checks that
warp beam is properly mounted on brackets of
loom. Sets healds, reed and dropwires into
position, ties warp ends to tail ends of cloth
beam and places weft bobbins in shuttles.
Operates loom manually to check movements
of healds, shuttle and reed and makes necessary
adjustments. Hands over loom to Weaver,
Power loom for operation.
7432.45 Lacer ,Hand(Textile) laces together
punched cards in proper sequence to be used on
jacquard ;loom for weaving cloth of different
designs. Collects punched cards and arranges
them in proper sequence on lacing table or
stand. Cuts required length of lace. Passes lace
by hand through holes made particularly for
tying cards together to make design to be used
on jacquard machine for weaving cloth of
different patterns. Carries card chain to loom.
May fix card chain on jacquard loom. May
assist in handling defective jacquard.
7432.50 Lattice Pegger; Latticeman fixes
pegs on lattice(wooden pattern chain) used on
dobby loom for controlling fancy pattern
weaving. Collects graph paper with marked
draft and peg plan. Calculates number of pegs
of lattice required to make out complete design.
Studies peg plan to know places where warp is
to be raised over weft. Inserts wooden pegs into
lattice as per diagram to control pattern on
cloth to be woven. Carries lattice to dobby
loom. Fixes and adjusts heald and pegged
lattice on loom. Repairs old, broken and
defective lattice.
May assist in handling
dobbies. May make draft, prepare peg plan and
sketch designs on graph paper. May cut and
lace cards.
Drawer in drawing ends of yarn through healds
and reeds. Picks up correct ends of yarn and
lays them over drawing hook to be pulled by
Drawer. Cleans healds and reeds.
7432.53 Comber-Boardman (Textile) draws
heald cords by hand through holes of comber
board(small wooden board with holes) used on
loom for pattern weaving. Obtains pattern of
cloth to be woven, respective graph conforming
to pattern, heald cords and comber board.
Draws heald cords through comber board by
hand to weave given pattern. May set and
DO7- 116
adjust comber board on loom. May replace
broken or worn out heald cord.
7432.55 Weaver Powerloom operates and
tends powerloom to weave cloth, checks that
shuttles are in position and supplied with full
weft bobbins, no wrap yarn is broken and that
set-up is ready. Starts loom. Watches looms
under his charge for defects in weaving.
Locates broken ends of warp yarn, ties short
length of yarn to broken end from warp
beam, draws end through drop wire, healds
and reeds using reed hook, ties it to other end
with a weaver's knot, and starts loom again.
Stops loom to remove defects caused by
mispicks. Cuts and pulls out filling of weft
yarn up to point of defect, adjusts and starts
loom. Replaces empty bobbin in shuttles .
Cuts cloth when cloth roll becomes full.
7432.56 Ribbon Weaver; Tape Weaver;
Ribbon Loom and Auxiliary Machine
Operator operates ribbon loom on which a
number of ribbons or tapes are woven at a
time performing duties similar to Weaver
Powerloom except that there are many more
shuttles to be kept filled. May also wind yarn
on ribbon beams and pirns.
Picker;Smash Drawer joining warp ends on
loom when large number of them are broken
at one time due to trapping of shuttle etc.
Ties piece of yarn to each broken warp end,
draws end through heald and reed and places
ends on feel cloth(edge of cloth in loom).
Operates loom slowly ensuring that all ends
are taken up firmly and weaves a small
length. Cuts protruding threads and hands
over loom to weaver.
7432.58 Weaver Handloom weaves cloth
from yarn on handloom. Mounts warp beam
on loom. Sets heald frame in position.
Draws ends of warp yarn from beam through
comb and fastens them together to cloth
winding roll. Places full bobbins of weft yarn
in shuttle. Operates loom by pressing and
relieving two foot levers alternately to raise
and lower heald, simultaneously pulling
string with jerk with one hand so as to throw
shuttle across warp yarn from side to side and
by moving comb forward and backward with
other hand to properly fill weft yarn. Draws
broken ends of yarn through heald and comb
and knots them. Replaces empty bobbins in
Removes cloth from roll when
required length has been woven. May size and
dye yarn, wind yarn on bobbins or beam and
draw ends of yarn from warp beam through
healds preparatory to weaving.
7432.59 Carpet Weaver, Hand Knotting
weaves woollen or cotton carpets and druggets
on handloom.
Studies design and colour
combination from chart. Determines number of
knots involved in pattern by counting graphical
squares as instructed. Counts and determines
number and length of warp strands required in
single colour weaving of particular size of
carpet. Prepares cotton yarn for warp by
processes of bleaching, dyeing as required.
Wind by hand requisite number of cotton
strands on warp beam according to quality and
number of stitches required. Draws ends from
warp-beam and ties them to carpet beam.
Collects woollen yarn and winds it by hand into
balls. Hands woollen balls from roof near loom
to facilitate pulling and weaving of yarn. Sets
and adjusts loom. Determines number of
weavers required according to size of carpet.
Passes and draws weft yarn through alternate
warp strands by hand to weave fringe of carpet.
Ties knots of woollen yarn on each strand of
warp. Cuts yarn after each knot at fixed length
to maintain required thickness. Moves heald
(part of loom mechanism) through control
string for interlacement of warp; Passes and
adds two layers of thread or jute yarn through
warp sheds for holding woolen knots or pile;
presses knots and weft filling by hand work to
ensure even stiffness. Trims off extra fibre at
intervals using hand shears.
7432.60 Carpet Clipper, Hand; Carpet
Trimmer, Hand clips extra fibers from upper
side of carpet to give it smooth finish. Spreads
carpet on even surface and rubs and scraps
surface with scraper or metal comb to align and
raise fibres. Clips excess fibres with and
shears. May mend and repair carpets.
7432.61 Carpet Embosser; Carpet Carver
trims edges of floral designs or patterns on
carpet to give raised appearance. Spreads
carpet on even surface. On floral design cuts
wool with hand scissors to give raised
appearance to design.
Chalks around or
stencils outline of designs on carpet and creates
embossed effect by clipping wool either wholly
under or wholly outside design. May prepare
DO7- 117
7432.62 Carpet Repairer repairs and gives
final finish to carpets and rugs. Stretches
carpet on flat surface. Rubs red or coloured
chalk on separate string. Sets it straight
against edge of stretched carpet . Strikes
coloured string over edge of carpet to mark
straight line. Cuts marked edges , using
knife, to bring carpet to required
measurement. Binds and trims cut edges
using needle and thread. Checks front and
back of carpet for gaps in knots and badly
woven parts, and corrects any defects by
stitching loose knots and repairing cuts and
damaged portions. May apply stiffening
solution to back of loosely woven carpet.
7432.63 Coir Weaver (Matting) weaves coir
matting on handloom. Mounts wrap beam on
loom. Sets heald frame in position. Draws
ends of warp yarn from beam through healds
and reeds (beater) and fasten ends to mat
winding roll. Places quill of required colour
into shuttle. Presses and relieves levers
alternately to raise and lower heald
according to weaving design, operates shuttle
from end to end to weave matting. Moves
beater forward and backwards forcibly by
hands to fill weft yarn. Passes wooden rod
between weft and beater and moves beater
forward and backward again to fill weft.
Removes rod and repeats operation using
quills of specified colour according to pattern
of matting required. Draws broken ends of
yarn through heald and reed and knots them.
Cuts fibres projecting upwards with shears
according to thickness of mat required. Rolls
matting on mat winding roll by pressing
lever. Removes matting from roll when
required length is woven. May do bleaching
and dyeing of coir.
7432.70 Net Maker, Hand makes nets and
meshes by weaving twine and thread with
netting needle or shuttle. Selects design of
netting and kind of twine or thread required.
Plaits (interweaves) and knots twine or thread
with netting needle or shuttle to prepare
selected patterns. Waxes twine while
weaving to smoothen and strengthen it. Trims
excess twine or thread.
7432.72 Crochet Worker Hand; Crocheter,
Hand; Lace Maker, Hand knits lace,
trimmings, etc. with hand crocheting hook or
needle. Selects pattern of lace or trimmings
to be prepared and studies it for size and
number of stitches to be made. Selects suitable
colour and quality of thread and required type
of crocheting needle. Rolls thread into balls for
convenience of knitting.
Threads hand
crocheting needle and moves it around thread
for making loops and knots to knit desired
pattern. Checks work while knitting to ensure
conformity with pattern and smoothens out
knitted article on finish.
May operate
crocheting machine.
7432.74 Knitter, Hand knits sweaters, dresses,
socks and other articles by hand with woollen
yarn according to specified pattern. Decides
shade, number and type of woollen yarn to be
used and selects pair of knitting needles
accordingly. Measures sample or determines
size of article to be knitted and knits it by
making loops and picks with knitting needles,
according to specified or selected pattern.
Knits article part by part and finishes it by
sewing them together and pressing. May use
single flexible wire needle or more than two
needles for knitting specific items according to
pattern of knitting desired . May knit articles
with cotton or silk yarns.
7432.76 Braid Maker, Hand makes braid by
hand. Interlaces and entwines strands of wool,
silk, linen or thread to make ribbon-like or
cord-like fabrics for binding or for ornamental
7432.90 Weavers, Knitters, & Related
Workers, Other include all other workers
engaged in knitting articles by hand or
machine, not elsewhere classified.
Tailors, dress makers and hatters make suits,
dresses and other garments from textile fabrics,
leather or any other material except fur, carry
out alterations and repairs, or make hats, or
participate in the manufacture of ready-to-wear
7433.05 Supervisor and Foreman, Tailoring
and Dress Making supervises and guides
workers engaged in production of readymade
garments and ensures standard fittings and
finish at reasonable cost. Guides workers in
making patterns for cutting, adjusting electrical
and special purpose sewing machines, setting,
joining and sewing parts, button matching, etc.,
DO7- 118
and ensures standard fittings and finish.
Checks work, and directs or makes alterations
where necessary and keeps machines and
equipment in working order.
production register and delivers goods against
receipts. May copy or develop new designs
to boost sale. May train new entrants. May
be designated according to section or work
(Excluded are Garment
Designers and Cutters described elsewhere).
7433.10 Tailor, General makes ladies and
gents' garments and children's clothes by
stitching various components together
according to pattern, by hand or sewing
machine. Measures customers for size with
inch-tape and record measurements for
making garments. Cuts material according to
pattern and size and assembles garment parts
by sewing.
Fits stitched garment on
customer, marks alterations to be made and
finishes garments. May prepare new designs
and Masden Lays and supervise sewing,
stitching, button holing, etc. delegated to
other workers. May also repair and renovate
7433.15 Dress Maker stitches together parts
of women's garments such as dresses,
blouses, jumpers, brassieres, etc., according
to instructions of Master Cutter. Stitches
together parts by hand and machine. Inserts
inner material, makes embroidery work,
button-holes, etc., and attaches lining, lace,
button, etc. Carries out alteration as directed.
May press garments and supervise work of
Sewer, Hand.
7433.20 Coat Maker stitches together, by
hand and machine, parts of coat, shervani and
other body garments according to instructions
of Master Cutter. Joins parts together by
basting ensuring that they are properly
aligned. Stitches them together by hand and
machine. Inserts inner material and attaches
lining as required. Carries out alteration
according to markings. Makes button-holes,
stitches buttons and performs other finishing
tasks. May press garment and supervise
basting, filling, button holding, button
stitching, etc., by Sewer, Hand.
7433.25 Trouser Maker: Pant Maker
stitches together by hand and machine parts
of trousers, breeches and other leg wear
according to instructions of Master Cutter.
Joins parts together by basting, ensuring that
they are properly aligned.
Stitches them
together by hand and machine. Inserts inner
material and attaches lining as required.
Carries out alterations according to markings.
Makes buttonholes, stitches buttons and
performs other finishing tasks, or supervises
performance of these tasks by Sewer, Hand.
7433.30 Shirt Maker stitches together parts of
shirts, under vests, pyjamas etc., according to
instructions of Master Cutter. Stitches collars
and cuffs. Makes button holes stitches buttons
and performs other finishing tasks. May press
garments and supervise work of Sewer, Hand.
7433.35 Milliner makes women's and
children's hats. Prepares own or copies existing
designs. Marks and cuts materials such as felt,
silk cloth, fur or straw, according to pattern or
own judgement.
Adds trimmings and
decorations such as ribbons or feathers.
Smoothens, wires and shapes hat parts and
sews them together. May make and alter hats
to individuals requirements.
7433.40 Hat Maker, General makes various
kinds of hats by marking, cutting, sewing and
joining components and finishing them by
trimming and decorating. Prepares own design
or copies and adapts existing designs. Marks
and cuts material according to pattern or own
judgement. Smooths, wires and shapes hat
parts and sews them together. Adds trimmings
and decorates hat as required. May make and
alter hats to individual requirements.
7433.45 Pith Hat Maker assembles pith hat by
cutting and joining components and adding
trim and decoration. Cuts edges of pith block
for contour using sharp hand knife and scissors.
Rubs surface with sand to secure smooth finish.
Cuts cloth of required size and shape. Stitches
cut pieces of cloth to make surface cover for
pith hat block. Fits stitched cloth cover on pith
block. Fixes circular wire or panama leaves
with mid rib covered with cloth and rexin strip
for crown band of required size. Stitches
celluloid lining inside hat to protect pith from
grease and perspiration. Fixes leather or cloth
chin-strap as necessary.
Irons surface to
provide good finish and shine. Fixes eyelets at
side of hat for air circulation. May fix celluloid
piece over front rim of hat to prevent soiling
while handling.
DO7- 119
7433.50 Cap Maker makes various kinds of
caps from cloth, felt, fur, velvet and other
fabric by marking, cutting, joining and
sewing and finishing them by trimming and
7433.60 Wig Maker makes wigs according
to specifications, fastening strands of hair to
cloth base. Studies requirements; cuts paper
pattern to shape and size according to
customer's measurements; fits and pleats
pattern on to head block and fixes pleats with
silk tapes; cuts silk and silk gauze to shape,
fits over paper pattern and sews to silk tapes;
trims and binds edges; selects hair to suit
requirement and knots them to wig mount on
head block by inserting hook-pointed needle
in gauze to catch, twist and pull hair through;
makes partings, combs and oils wig, curls
hair by water-waving or with paper spills;
places wig (on head block) in open for drying
and setting. For theatrical wigs, makes stock
size mounts which can be adjusted as
required to suit wearer. May prepare and
dress wigs for dolls.
7433.90 Tailors and Dress Makers, Other
include all other tailors, dress and garment
makers such as those making ladies and
gents' underclothing; altering, renovating and
repairing garments in retail establishments
etc., not elsewhere classified.
Furriers and related workers make, alter,
repair and restyle garments and other articles
made of fur, or participate in the manufacture
of ready-to wear fur garments.
7434.10 Tailor, Fur performs all or several
of more difficult tasks in manufacture,
alteration, renovation and repair of garments
and other articles of fur. Prepares patterns for
cutting out and finishing fur articles. Grades,
matches, sorts and prepares furs to be used.
Cuts fur according to pattern. Sews pieces
together, usually by machine. Stretches and
trims sewn parts to conform to pattern.
Finishes article by machine and hand sewing.
Presses, repairs, alters and renovates fur
articles. Estimates cost of new articles and of
alteration, renovation and repair of used
articles and charges customer accordingly.
May work as paid employee or on own
7434.20 Pattern Maker, Fur prepares patterns
and full-size canvas models of garments and
other articles of fur to guide Cutters and
Draws pattern on paper in
accordance with garment design or customer's
Makes canvas model of
garment according to pattern. Checks patterns
and model for accuracy and makes necessary
alterations. Passes them to garment Cutters or
Finishers. Examines completed garment for
Cuts patterns for fur trimmings,
accessories and other fur articles and for
alteration of fur articles. May cut patterns for
fancy leather goods.
7434.30 Grader and Matcher, Fur examines
furs and sorts them prior to cutting and making
up into garments or other articles. Compares
furs visually and sorts them according to
quality. Selects furs that match in colour,
thickness and length of hair and makes them
into bundles ready for Cutter. May specialise
in one or more types of fur.
7434.40 Cutter, Fur cuts fur according to
pattern for making or repairing garments or
other articles. Selects required number of furs.
Arranges fur on pattern outlines, ensuring that
parts to be joined together match in quality and
colour. Cuts furs to required size and shape
with hand knife. May also perform some or all
duties of Grader And Matcher, Fur.
7434.50 Nailer, Fur stretches and trims
dressed furs to conform to pattern outline of
garment or other articles. Draws outline of
pattern on work table. Dampens skin side of
fur with water. Places fur, skin side up, on
table, stretches it to cover outline and nails it in
Allows fur to dry in stretched
position and removes nails. Draws outline of
paper pattern on skin side of fur and trims fur
along outline with knife.
7434.90 Fur Tailors and Related Workers,
Other include all other fur tailors and related
workers such as those engaged in beating,
dyeing and trimming hair or fur; assisting in
cutting furs for garment manufacture, etc., not
elsewhere classified.
DO7- 120
Textile, leather and related pattern makers
and cutters make patterns and mark and cut
textile, leather and other materials in the
manufacture of garments, gloves and
miscellaneous products.
7435.05 Supervisor and Foreman, Textile
and Related Products (Except Garments)
supervises and guides workers engaged in
upholstery and like products and ensures
production to required specifications. Guides
cutting, joining, folding, stitching and other
operations according to specifications,
drawing or sample and ensures correct finish
and size. Gets necessary fittings done as
detailed. Checks work or gets it checked at
every stage of production and directs
alterations as necessary. Keeps machines and
equipment in working order and maintains
prescribed records and registers. May set
related power driven machines and
equipment. May be designated according to
type of production or section supervised.
(Garments) develops, designs and makes
pattern for new styles of men's, women's and
children's garments. Studies existing styles,
develops new ideas and draws out full scale
drawing of garments on paper. Marks and
cuts out paper patterns of different parts of
garments. Gets cloth cut according to paper
patterns and gets sample garment stitched as
required. Tries garment on model and makes
changes in pattern, if necessary. May make
specifications and supervise production.
develops designs and cuts patterns for small
leather articles. Studies designs of leather
products from catalogues.
purpose, market trend, preferences of
potential users, technical specifications and
develops improvements or new designs
keeping economical aspects and method of
production in view.
Prepares sketches
showing style, shape, size and similar
characteristics of product, and submits them
to management or customer for approval.
Alters designs if necessary. May make
technical drawings, models, and prototype
May specialise in designing
particular type of article such as gloves, hand
bags, etc.
7435.18 Case Finisher (Leather Prod.)
assembles and finishes suitcases and radio,
jewellry, and instrument cases, and lines or
covers them with material, such as leather,
velvet, or satin, performing any combination of
following tasks: Inserts hinge wings into slots
in top and bottom sections of case and secures
them in grooves, using pinch pliers, or rivets,
nails, or screws hinges in position. Opens case
and verifies lid angle, using table gauge. Cuts
specified material to size, using pattern and
shears, or obtains precut fabric. Brushes glue
on area to be covered. Positions material on
inner or outer surfaces of case and smooths out
wrinkles, using fingers. Trims excess fabric
from joints, seams, and edges, using knife.
Glues or nails bracing blocks to case and
covers blocks with material. Presses cushion or
pad into upper and lower sections of case.
Examines case for misalignment of edges, and
opens and closes lid to test action of hinges and
spring. Holds case over air nozzle and presses
pedal to remove dust and lint. Packs cases in
shipping cartons. May crimp lids to case or
crimp bottoms to case frame, using pneumaticpowered crimper. May repair or replace hinges,
7435.20 Shaper, Pith Hat shapes pith hats for
making crown block for pith hats. Cuts pith
sticks into thin slices, places sheet of paper
over mould and joins pith slices with thick
paste. Prepares mud mould of hat of specified
shape using water and clay. Places pith in
mould for giving shape of hat to pith and
allows pith to dry. Removes pith block from
mud mould, trims edges and surface with knife
and scissors and rubs with sand to secure
smooth finish.
7435.25 Frame Maker, Cap prepares cap
frames for cap using metal pattern, hand
scissors and jute canvas. Marks paper to
required size and cuts it using hand scissors.
Pastes paper on metal pattern with thick paste.
Cuts jute canvas as per specifications using
measuring tape and hand scissors. Applies
thick paste to jute canvas. Fixes pasted canvas
to metal pattern. Allows canvas to dry. Cuts
round edges of canvas and separates canvas
from metal pattern using sharp knife. May give
finishing touches by putting plastic inner cover,
fixing eyelets, etc.
DO7- 121
7435.30 Master Cutter (Garments)
measures customers and cuts parts of garment
from cloth for making garment of required
size and style. Measures customers for size
with inch-tape and records measurements.
Cuts out paper patterns with given
measurements. Places patterns on cloth and
marks around with pencil. Cuts various parts
along marked lines and gives them for
stitching, Supervises stitching and making of
garments. Tries garment, when prepared, on
customer and marks with chalk any
alterations to be made. Supervises making
and finishing work and finally fits garment on
7435.35 Cutter, Hand(Textile Products)
cuts garment parts and other articles to be
sewed together from cloth, canvas, etc., using
scissors. Spreads single or multiple layers of
cloth, fabric or other material to be cut on
table or board. Places pattern on material in
such position as to have least wastage. Marks
outline on material with chalk. Cuts along
outline marked in chalk or around edge of
pattern using scissors.
Products) cuts parts of garments, bags and
other articles from single or multiple layers of
cloth, knitted or other fabric, hessian, canvas,
etc., using electrically driven cutting
machine. Places pattern in such a position
over material as to have least wastage. Cuts
around edge of pattern or along outlines
marked in chalk on material.
power-driven oscillating knives or by machine
which presses shaped knives through leather.
Trims edges of finished gloves. May specialise
in one or more types of cutting and be
designated accordingly.
7435.55 Button-Hole Marker; Button-hole
Marking Boy marks positions for button-holes
on garments.
Places required pattern on
garment in correct position. Marks positions
for button-holes with pencil or chalk on
garments through holes in pattern. May also
mark positions for stitching buttons.
7435.60 Cutter, Tent marks and cuts tent cloth
according to specification. Studies design or
specification and plans cut out of parts to avoid
wastes. Marks outline of pattern with crayon or
chalk and cuts material with scissors. May sew
tent by machine or hand.
7435.90 Textile, Leather and Related Pattern
Makers and Cutters, Other include workers
who make patterns and mark and cut textile,
leather and other materials in the manufacture
of garments, gloves and miscellaneous products
not elsewhere classified.
Sewers, embroiders and related workers sew
together, repair and decorate garments, gloves
and other products of textile, fur, leather and
other materials by hand or by using simple
sewing machines, and perform various related
7435.45 Cutter, Garment (Leather) cuts
leather for manufacture of garments.
Examines leather to ensure that it is cut in
most suitable and economical way. Cuts
leather according to pattern of garment parts
by shears, scissors, hand knife, hand operated
guillotine, power driven oscillating knives or
by machine which presses shaped knives
through leather. May specialise in one or
more types of cutting and be designated
7436.10 Sewer, Hand; Stitcher Hand;
Hemming Boy sews together by hands parts of
textile, fur and leather garments, furnishing and
other text ile and fur products using needle and
thread. May repair garments, stitch buttons and
do decorative stitching. May be designated
according to type of article or material stitched
such as SEWER, HAND (fur); SEWER,
HAND(Garments); etc.
7435.50 Cutter, Gloves (Leather) cuts
leather for manufacture of gloves. Dampens
and stretches leather to ascertain flexibility,
location of flaws and most suitable and
economical way of cutting. Cuts leather
according to pattern of glove parts by shears,
scissors, hand knife, hand operated guillotine,
7436.15 Hand Embroiderer, General sews
ornamental designs by hand over printed or
stencilled patterns on cloth using needle and
coloured thread. Fastens embroidery hoop or
frame over area of cloth to be worked to keep
cloth taut while being embroidered. Threads
needle with proper kind and colour of thread,
DO7- 122
embroiders along or over lines of printed or
stencilled design on cloth using knowledge of
various types of stitches required.
7436.20 Hand Embroiderer, Zari; Zari
Worker; Zardozi Worker sews ornamental
designs by hand over stamped or stencilled
patterns on fabric, using special embroidery
material(zari) such as kora, kangani, sadi,
nakshi, beads, tikli, sitare, etc. Stitches
'baithan' (cloth which forms base) to string
loops of 'Karchob' or 'adda' (embroidery
frame), adjusts 'Karchob' so that 'baithan' is
evenly taut on all sides. Stitches, cotton, wool
or silk fabric to work on 'baithan' in frame.
Stencil design to be embroidered on fabric.
Cuts zari material into pieces of required size
with scissors. Threads needle with yarn and
stitches neatly 'zari' pieces and beads etc., of
proper size, colour and kind over stencilled
design on fabric to make required pattern.
Removes embroidered fabric from frame.
May trace designs on fabric.
7436.25 Hand Embroiderer, Kamdani
embroiders ornamental designs on cloth by
hand using needle and gold and silver
threads. Selects gold and silver threads
required and cuts them into convenient
lengths. Threads needle with cotton yarn and
ties two ends of yarn making loop. Hooks
gold or silver thread to yarn loop and
embroiders designs according to required
pattern or imagination by stitching gold or
silver thread on cloth by one hand, holding
cloth with other hand. May do zari and
chikan work also.
7436.30 Embroiderer, Chikan; Chikan
Worker embroiders floral designs by hand
on cloth using needle and thread. Collects
printed or sketched cloth piece of muslin,
cambric or 'Adhi' (thin cambric) to be
embroidered. Decides type and nature of
embroidery work to be done. Fixes cloth on
embroidery frame for even tension and
threads embroidery needle with required kind
and colour of thread. Embroiders along
printed pattern or design made by hand with
chalk on cloth (usually muslin), using
knowledge of different kinds of stitches
Cuts thread with embroidery
scissors or pulls it on completion of each
item. May do other types of embroidery
7436.35 Darner; Cloth Mender repairs
defective or damaged portion of cloth or
garment by hand using matching thread and
needle. Spreads cloth or garment and checks it
thoroughly to locate defects and damages.
Selects or dyes thread to match colour and
shade of cloth to be darned.
miswoven threads or knots by nipper. Reweaves or darns missing threads by needle,
using thread of required shade and colour.
Trims ends with scissors to make mended
portion look uniform with pattern of cloth.
May press darned cloth or garment with electric
or ordinary iron.
7436.40 Sewer, Tent (Hand); Tent Sewer
(Hand) sews together by hand pieces of cloth
or canvas to make tents. Lays pieces to be
tape(niwar)between edges and temporarily
stitches parts together leaving gaps for eyelets,
loops and rope. Reshapes any portion not
fitting properly and sews parts with final
stitching. Stitches rope loops to bottom of tent.
May stitch floral designs on tent, if desired.
7436.45 Umbrella Maker assembles complete
umbrella by fixing various component parts
such as collapsible metal frame, springs, and
umbrella cloth, to stick. Uses jig to mark
points on cane stick for cutting and fixing
different fixtures. Uses saw to cut grooves of
desired length. Affixes box cup to hold in
closed position. Inserts metal runner into stick
for holding ends of ribs together and top spring
grooves cut in stick. Fixes 'U' shaped nail in
stick near top to stop metal runner going
beyond limit. Assembles metal notch into stick
and running metal wire through eyelets of ribs
to keep ribs in secured position in notch.
Fastens ribs to runner by wiring eyelets to
runner. Fits other components such as leather
washer, top cap and ferrule. Attaches handles
by glueing to stick. Checks frame by opening
and closing it to ensure its correct assembly. Is
designated as TAKEWALLA if engaged in
cutting umbrella cloth according to pattern and
stitching or fixing to frame.
May repair
defective umbrella by replacing worn cloth or
other component parts.
7436.50 Umbrella Examiner examines
finished umbrellas for proper assembly.
Examines fitting to secure fastening and opens
and closes umbrella to see that ribs and runners
function smoothly.
Gets defective parts
DO7- 123
replaces with new ones. May assemble and
fit covers to umbrellas.
7436.60 Sail and Awning Maker lays out
thick cloth, canvas and like materials,
fabricates and assembles them into sails,
awning (shamiana) and tarpaulins. Lays out
full scale drawing on floor according to blue
prints or sketches, using chalk. Cuts pattern
from paper according to full scale drawing.
Marks outline on material with crayon. Cuts
material with shears or power cutter. Sews
section of material together on power sewing
machine. Installs grommets, metal fittings,
and fasteners by machine or measures and
marks off grommet holes, punches them and
sews galvanized iron rings to edge of holes
by hand. Splices, inserts and hems manila,
wire rope or any other type of strong rope in
edges to relieve strain. Secures rope or cable
to finished article. Wraps and sews parts of
rope or wire which are subject to chafing.
Installs and adjusts completed product
according to requirements. Stuffs padding
material where necessary for protection. May
be designated according to type of product
7436.70 Tailor, Tent (Machine) sews or
joins cloth pieces on machine to make tent.
Assembles pre-cut pieces of tent cloth.
Studies pattern of tent by examining each part
and connecting them temporarily. Inserts
proper size needle and cotton thread in
machine. Overlaps adjacent segments and
sews them together. Sews cord and tape and
attaches rope at required places to strengthen
tent. Makes holes in tent at appropriate
places and stitches around them to support
bamboos. May cut tent cloth. May sew
leather around stitched holes for strength.
7436.80 Doll Maker performs one or more
hand or machine tasks in making of moulded
or stuffed dolls or stuffed toys. Moulds doll
parts from composition material by operating
a press or stuffs previously sewn parts with
cotton, excelsion or other material to give
them shape; fastens legs and arms on to torso;
affixes artificial eyes in head; secures head to
shoulders by means of a shank collar so that
head may be turned at will; dresses dolls by
hand with under and outer garments, fastens
them with hooks, buttons or ribbons. May be
designated according to type of work
7436.90 Sewers, Embroiderers and Related
Workers, Other include all other sewers,
embroiderers and related workers engaged in
other types of sewing and embroidery work,
not elsewhere classified.
Upholsterers and related workers upholster
furniture, make mattresses, or make and install
interior decorations of textile, leather and
similar materials.
7437.10 Upholsterer; Furniture installs,
repairs or replaces upholstery of furniture.
Removes old upholstery. Stretches and tacks
new webbing to frame. Fastens springs by
nailing them to frame and tying them to each
other with cord. Covers springs with binding
material, places cotton, rubber composition or
other soft materia l over springs for padding,
then tacks another layer of binding material to
secure padding. Cuts covering fabric to size
and tacks it in place. Tacks braid over end of
covering material to conceal rough edges. May
replace damaged springs, may do minor repairs
to broken wooden parts of furniture and may
sew covering material.
Appliances installs, repairs and replaces
upholstery of wheeled chairs, and makes and
repairs other appliances for physically
handicapped persons.
Receives directions
regarding type of upholstery or repair work to
be done. Cuts and fits cotton, rubber foam
moss, other padding materials, rexin, leather,
etc. as required. Cuts and tacks hessian cloth,
sets padding and fastens it in position.
Measures and cuts covering material and tacks
it in position. Trims excess materials and
conceals edges by tacking leather or rexin tape.
Replaces or repairs raw hide covering of
artificial limbs. May renew upholstery of
wheeled chairs and orthopaedic appliances.
May repair shoes for deformed feet.
7437.30 Upholsterer, Vehicle installs covering
and cushioning for seats and for other
furnishings on motor cars, carts, railway
coaches, aircrafts and other types of vehicles.
Takes measurements for furnishings or works
from drawings. Cuts out materials. Makes and
fits springs, padding and covering to seats. Fits
DO7- 124
lining to roof, doors and other parts. Cuts out
and fixes materials for excluding sounds and
draughts. May lay floor covering and make
and fit vehicle blinds and fabric roofs.
Pelt dressers, tanners and fellmongers prepare
fur-and –wool-bearing pelts for making
garments and other products, and make leather
from hides and skins.
7437.40 Cushion Maker; Cushion Stuffer;
Cushion Mat Maker makes cushion covers
and stuffs them with moss, hair, feather, coir
jute or cotton.
Cuts upholstery cloth
according to size of cushion and sews pieces
together, leaving opening at one end. Stuffs
material into cushion and beats cushion with
hand or stick to make packing even. Sews
open end of cover and stitches piping along
edges to preserved shape of cushion. May
repair and rebuild cushions.
May be
designated as MATTRESS MAKER if
engaged in making mattresses.
7441.10 Sorter, Hides and Skins sorts and
grades hides and skins before or after
processing .
Examines hides for weight,
thickness and colour and checks quality by
touch; inspects hides for defects, such as bran
into groups; selects hides suitable for
processing;' examines and grades processed
hides rejecting and returning hides for
reprocessing where necessary.
May be
designated according to material sorted as
7437.45 Mattress Maker(Spring) pads and
covers innerspring assemblies to form
mattress. Cuts cover material, using cutting
knife and scissors, and spreads and stapples
burlap, leno, or sisal cloth to both sides of
innerspring assemblies. Spreads padding over
sides of innerspring and tends tape-edge
machine that sews cover over padding. Tufts
mattresses by hand or by tending machine to
hold padding in place. Sews roll edges on
mattress by hand or by machine.
7437.90 Upholsterer and Related Workers,
Other include all other upholsterers and
related workers such as those engaged in
cutting out or completely making curtains,
palmets, wall and furniture covers, quilts and
other soft furnishings, not elsewhere
Pelt, leather and shoe making trades workers
prepare fur-and –wool-bearing pelts for
further use, make leather from hides and
skins, make and repair footwear and other
articles made of natural or synthetic leather
with the exception of garments, hats and
gloves, or make various other articles from
leather and similar materials.
7441.15 Flayer removes skin or hide of
slaughtered or dead animal using different
types of knives by cutting skin from tail end to
neck on abdomen side and releasing skin from
body by pulling by hand. Positions carcass of
slaughtered or dead animal by suspending hind
legs to a beam with rope or iron hooks at
convenient height or laying it with legs turned
upward on ground or work bench necessary to
assist flaying; selects suitable knife and cuts
skin from tail end to neck on abdomen; cuts
tissues and separates skin from body; releases
skin from body by cutting tissues and pulling
skin gently with hand avoiding damage to skin;
sprinkles water frequently to soften flesh to
release skin from body by cutting tissues and
pulling skin gently with hand avoiding damage
to skin and to avoid damage while cutting and
pulling. May remove head and forelegs of
animals before flaying. May dress meat for
consumption. May tan skins. May work as one
of a team and be designated according to
particular operation performed.
7441.18 Line Pitman, Leather; Lime Yard
Jobber; Paddleman Leather prepares lime
solution in pits, tanks or vats and treats hides
and skins by thoroughly soaking them in lime
solution to soften hair for de-hairing. Fills pit
or tank with required quantity of water;
prepares lime solution by mixing specified
quantity of lime powder with water; pours lime
solution in pit or tank containing water and stirs
with stick for proper mixing of solution with
water; collects salted skins and cleans them
with water to remove salt and other foreign
matter; dumps cleaned skins in lime tank to
soak thoroughly(completely immersed in lime
DO7- 125
solution for a specified time);changes
positions of skins or hides periodically in
tank to ensure that all skins and hides are
properly soaked in all parts; transfers
periodically lime soaked skins from tank to
tank containing different strengths of lime
liquor to complete cycle of proper treatment
of skin for further processing, removes lime
treated stock from tank and staks them
separately, empties and cleans tank. May dehair skin or hide. May tan leather.
7441.20 De-hairer , Hand removes hair
from skin or hide soaked in lime water by
hand ,using blunt knife to prepare for further
process of tanning . stretches wet hide over
iron piece fixed in inclined position with hair
side upward ; scraps hair off hide using
circular or two handled knife ensuring that
skin is not damaged and all hairs are removed
completely from skin ; piles scraped hides .
May remove superfluous flesh from skin .
7441.22 Flesher, Hand removes superfluous
flesh and fat from de-haired skin or hide
using sharp curved hand knife for further
processing. Collects de-haired skin or hide
from central point for fleshing. Places dehaired skin, stretching it by hand on beam(a
curved piece of wood) with flesh side turned
upward; holds knife with both hands and
moves it downwards at inclined angel on
fleshing surface to remove flesh and fat from
skin taking care not to damage skin; changes
position of skin on beam frequently for
fleshing skin completely; places fleshed skins
at central point. May be designated as
if engaged in
removing flesh from hide or skin soaked in
bark or myrobalan liquor. May sharpen knife
on stone or machine.
7441.24 De-limer processes hides or skins
treated with lime in fat-and-de-liming
solution for required period to remove lime,
reduce their swelling and make them flexible.
Prepares de-liming solution in vat by mixing
chemicals, acids and other de-liming
materials in prescribed quantities in water;
fills pit or tank with required amount of water
and pours de-liming solution in tank; stirs
solution and changes position of skin or hide
in de-liming tank using wooden paddle;
removes de-limed leather after prescribed
period; rinses de-limed skin or hide in water
thoroughly; hangs skins to ooz out excess
water; drains out used de-limed solution from
tank; cleans tank with water and repeats
process. May operate revolving drum for de
liming skins and hides by filling drum with deliming solution and dumping limed hide in
7441.26 Scudder, Hand removes epidermis
hair roots, pigment cells and lime salts from
grain side of hide or skin, before tanning by
hand, using double handled curved knife.
Collects de-haired and fleshed skins or hides
from central point for scudding. Places de-haired skin with grain side up on beam (a
rounded board on which wet hides or skins are
stretched to remove flesh and hair prior to
tanning) stretching it by hand. Scrapes surface
to remove hair roots, pigment cells and lime
salts with double handled blunt knife.
(scudding knife). Ensures that skin is not
damaged or cut during process. Soaks scudded
skin in water for a prescribed period; repeats
process of scraping of left over hair and
soaking in water till skin or hide is cleaned off
hair roots, lime salts, etc.
7441.28 Hide and Skin Setter; Hand;
Slickerer removes wrinkles and sets grains on
wet hide or skin using a flat edge metal
plate(slicker). Spreads oiled hide or skin on
table; rubs surface of skin or hide exerting
pressure with flat edged metal plate to remove
wrinkles and smoothen leather; repeats process
on grain side of skin or hide to set grain.
7441.30 Fluffer, Hand removes fluff from
flesh side of skin by rubbing whole surface of
skin with burnt stone or brick. Spreads skin
stretched over table with flesh side upwards;
rubs entire surface applying pressure by hand
with burnt stone or brick to remove fluff from
skin till surface of leather becomes smooth and
7441.32 Staker, Hand softens leather end by
placing it on blunt metal plate and by pulling it
backwards and forwards over edge of stake.
Conditions hides on previous day by keeping
them in moist sawdust; inserts blunt metal plate
(staking plate) over fixed rod; holds ends of
skin or leather with both hands and rubs surface
of leather vigorously back and forth over blunt
blade to make it soft and pliable. May apply
chemical solution to leather surface to make it
soft preparatory to further process.
operate staking or glazing machine.
DO7- 126
7441.34 Bark Pitman (Tanning) prepares
bark and myrobalan liquor and treats hides
or skins in them for tanning.
prescribed quantity of tanning bark or
myrobalan powder with water to make liquor
or solution; pours prepared solution into pit
or vat containing water and agitates mixture
vigorously with paddle; tests mixture for
specific gravity and adds materials to mixture
to obtain solution of specified gravity;
immerses hides or skins in bark pit or vat
placing one above other for a specified period
to allow hides or skins to soak in solution;
changes positions of hides or skins
periodically in pit to ensure that all are
properly saturated with tanning solution;
removes hides or skins from bark pit after a
specified period; extracts sample piece of
leather and boils it in water to test
completeness of tanning and continues
tanning if necessary. Stacks or hangs them in
shade for drying. May retain hides to restore
colour lost in bleaching, splitting or other
processes. May be designated according to
type of tanning solution used as BARK
Operator(Tanning) operates rotary drum
containing tanning solution to convert hides
and skins into leather, according to
specifications. Weighs tanning agents, such
as bark powder or chemicals, following
tanning formula; loads agents and hides or
skins into drum; turns valve to fill drum with
water, and turns steam valve to heat water to
specified temp erature observing meters and
gauzes; locks drum door and moves lever to
rotate drum for specified period of time;
removes drum door, replaces it with grating,
and rotates drum to drain tanning solution
through grating. May boil sample of tanned
hide or skin in water to determine
thoroughness of tannings. May specialise in
particular type of tanning and be designated
7441.38 Leather Currier treats tanned
leather with fats and oils, softens it by
flexing, rolls it under pressure for converting
into finished form. Scrapes hide with tool to
expel moisture and scum left from tanning;
applies grease, oil, soap or other compounds
to hide by hand or machine; softens hide by
stroking it with knife blade, flexing it over rigid
blade or by rolling it under pressure in
machine; rubs hair side of hide against itself to
bring out grain; removes rough spots and
blemishes from hides by hand scraping or by
machine; polishes hide by hand or machine.
May also dye and stain leather. May operate
staking, buffing and glaxing machine.
7441.40 Dyer, Leather; Colourer, Hides and
Skins prepares colour solutions, dyes and stains
to match specified colour samples or according
to formulae and applies or supervises their
application to dressed leather. Weighs and
mixes specified ingredients with water to
prepare colouring solutions; pours colouring
solution into tray or drum and adds oil
(softening agent); pulls hide through tray until
specified colour is obtained or places hides in
drum and starts machine to tumble hides in
solution for specified time; examines test piece
of hide and bleach or further colouring if
necessary to obtain desired effect; removes
dyed leather; drains colour solution and washes
drum and equipment. May be specifically
designated as GLOVE DYER, VAT DYER,
7441.42 Embosser, Leather; Embosser-Press
Man; Embossing-Press Operator operates
machine to imprint designs on leather or leather
articles, such as wallets, cushion and key cases.
Selects specified embossing plate, bolts plate
into chase, positions and secures chase into ram
of machine ; turns switch or steam valve to heat
plate to specified temperature according to type
of leather; pulls level that lowers ram to
impress designs on leather or article. May
make bed for embossing plate, using card board
and paper.
7441.44 Seasoner, Leather seasons leather by
applying chemical solution or oil evenly on
surface by hand brush and allowing it to dry in
open air. Mixes different seasoning chemical
compounds such as nitro cellulose, lacquer,
resin, oil etc. in prescribed proportions; spreads
leather on table ; coats seasoning solution over
surface of leather evenly using hand brush;
hangs leather (seasoned ) in open air for drying.
Is designated as SPRAYER LEATHER if
uses spray gun to spray chemical solution on
leather to give desired pigment or dye finish.
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7441.46 Pelt Dresser, General prepares
finished furs from raw pelts by de-fleshing
with knife, removing superfluous hair;
treating and pickling pelts with chemicals and
solutions; simulating hairs with dyes,
stretching and softening finished pelts etc.
treats flesh side of skin with salt or other
chemicals for preserving or tanning; scrapes
particles from raw pelt with knife or stretches
skin over fixed steel blade and works it back
and forth, taking great care not to damage
hair roots embedded in skin; tacks skin, fur
side up, over beam, removes loose hair, and
blattens fur by stroking it with double
handled, blunt edged knife, occasionally
dusting fur with powder to make hair more
visible; evens length of fur over entire skin
with thin, keen-edged knife, scissors or
shears; treats skin with necessary chemicals
and solution for preservation of hair on pelt;
applies dyes to pelt with feather or brush to
improve appearance of fur or to simulate hair
of another fur-bearing animal; smooths and
stretches dressed pelts and dries them in
May be designated as PELT
FINSIHER, if engaged in grading and
dyeing or finishing pelts only.
7441.48 Pelt Grader sorts fur or woolbearing pelts before or immediately after they
have been dressed. Compares untreated pelts
visually and sorts them according to type,
quality, size, colour and markings. Sorts pelts
after they have been dressed, dyed or
otherwise treated.
May be designated
according to nature of work, such as
7441.50 Pelt Flesher removes particles of
flesh and fat from fur or wool-bearing pelts
prior to curing or other processing. Scrapes
particles from pelt with knife or stretches skin
over fixed steel blade and works it back and
forth, taking great care not to damage hair
roots embedded in skin.
May remove
particles by use of power-operated revolving
knife. May reduce thickness of hides by
paring with machine or hand knife.
7441.52 Pelt Plucker and Trimmer
removes long coarse hair from fur pelts and
trims underlying hair to even length. Tacks
skin, fur side up, over beam. Removes hair
and flattens fur by stroking it with doublehandled blunt-edged knife, occasionally
dusting fur with powder to make hair more
visible . Evens length of fur over entire skin
with thin, keen edged knife scissors or shears.
7441.55 Pelt Dyer, Hand applies dye to furbearing pelts by hand. Applies dyes to felt with
feather or brush to improve appearance of fur
or to simulate hair of another fur-bearing
animal. May spray dyes on fur, mix own dyes
and be designated according to type of dyeing
7441.60 Pelt Stretcher stretches, or smooths
and stretches, skins of dressed pelts. Pulls
softened and greased pelts over fixed blade by
hand to enlarge area and smooth texture of
skin. Stretches pelt by feeding it through
power-operated machine or by holding pelt flat
on table with one hand and pulling it taut with
other. May also finish pelt by fluffing, beating,
brushing and combing fur.
7441.90 Pelt Dressers, Tanners and
Fellmongers, Other include all other workers
engaged in grading, fleshing, stretching,
dressing, tanning, seasoning etc, not elsewhere
Shoemakers and related workers make and
repair standard or special footwear and, except
for leather garments, hats and gloves, make
natural or synthetic leather articles, such as
luggage, handbags, and belts, or participate in
the manufacture of shoes and related goods.
7442.10 Shoe Maker, Hand; Shoe Maker,
General makes complete shoe or other
footwear mainly of leather for each individual
customer. Takes measurement of customer’s
feet and studies design of shoe or footwear to
be made.
Selects and estimates material
required for making different components such
as upper, lining, sole, etc.
Marks leather
components with patterns and cuts them with
knife (rapi) ensuring accuracy and minimum
wastage. Skives leather edges with skiving
knife to reduce thickness of different sections
to be joined together. Prepares and carefully
applies cementing solution by brush at skived
portion for joining, taking care not to splash
solution on leather surface while joining.
Glues lining to leather parts and sews sole,
upper and other components by hand or sewing
DO7- 128
machine. Punches eyelet holes and inserts
eyelets in position, for lacing, by hand or
machine. Rolls and pulls upper on last, nails
it, keeps perfect alignment of toe and heel
and shapes it according to pattern by light
hammering and stretching. Sorts out twists
and applies wax on thread to make it
stronger. Stitches sole and other portions
using awl and waxes thread. Cuts and
prepares heel and attaches it to sole by
nailing. Trims and finishes edges of shoe
using knife (rapi) and glass piece. Cuts and
fixes thin inner-sole with glue. Applies
colour or polish and gives finishing touches
to shoes. Checks each pair of completed shoe
for uniformity rectifies defects if any and puts
them on lasts for retention of shape and form.
May repair footwear.
7442.12 Shoe Maker, Orthopaedic makes
complete footwear, mainly of leather, for
customers with foot or leg deformities.
Studies drawings and other specifications or
takes necessary measurements to make
footwear according to customer’s need.
Selects leather and gets special last made to
suit necessity if required. Prepares patterns,
chooses materials and cuts out parts by hand
as per patterns made. Thins edges of parts of
upper by cutting or shaving. Presses and
bends parts into shape, glues lining to leather
parts and sews them together. Punches eyelet
holes and inserts eyelets. Tacks insole to last,
pulls upper on to last to give it required shape
and checks alignment of toe and heel of
upper. Builds up sole where required, folds
bottom of upper over edge of insole or builtup middle sole, fixes them together and fixes
outer sole to upper. Builds up and fixes heel.
Trims and smooths where necessary, applies
inked wax stain or paint where required,
inserts thin inner sole and gives final finish.
May do ornamental nicking.
May take
plaster casts of deformed leg or foot and
prepare drawings. May use prepared uppers
with necessary modifications.
7442.14 Shoe Repairer; Cobbler; Mochi
repairs and reconditions old, worn out and
defective shoes, sandals, slippers, etc. using
hand tools to make them serviceable. Carries
own tools and materials goes round different
localities, and collects worn out footwear
from customers for repairs.
defects, determines repairs to be done and
settles repair charges with customer.
Removes or cuts off worn out portion of
footwear and repairs them by re -soling (either
full or half) attaching heels, stitching ripped
seams, skiving and patching with new pieces of
leather after softening in water, etc. as
necessary, using. Knife (rapi) awl, hammer,
last, nails, waxed thread, glass, etc. Fixes nails
where necessary by placing shoe on iron last
and ensures that sharp ends of nails are well
bedded inside leather. Polishes shoes after
repairs if desired by customer.
May repair
other leather articles. May work as paid
employee at big repairing shops.
7442.16 Pattern Maker (Footwear) prepares
patterns for cutting or trimming parts of
footwear. Makes temporary paper pattern of
various parts of shoes, such as ramp, tongue, or
toe-box by sketching part (using drawing or
written directions as guide) and cutting around
outline, or by fitting paper over shoe last to
obtain contour. Stenciles papers pattern into
sheet metal, thin wood, or millboard, and saws
out finished pattern. May bind edges of pattern
with thin metal strip. May cut patterns for
article other than shoes .
7442.18 Cutter, Hand; Clicker Hand (Footwear) cuts components of shoes from tanned
hides. Selects and spreads on wooden clicking
board leather of thickness and quality
appropriate to component to be cut (heel,
tongue, sole, toe-cap, etc.). Notes direction of
stretch and any defective spots. Plans cutting
to obtain maximum number of useable pieces
from leather. Stretches leather, places tin
pattern on it and cuts out pieces with knife,
continuing cutting until leather is used up.
Counts pieces cut, stamps them with his
identification number and bundles them.
Sharpens his cutting knives. May prepare his
time sheets.
7442.20 Skiver; Hand (Footwear) tapers
leather components of footwear with knife to
reduce thickness of parts to be joined.
Determines amount of tapering required on
parts to be joined. Softens edges of leather in
water and tapers (skives) thickness of edges by
cutting off leather at angle with skiving knife.
Matches parts skived by putting one over other
to assure that they fit properly and that no ridge
will be formed.
May join components by
adhesive and stitching.
7442.30 Closer, Shoe Upper; Fitter, Shoe
Upper; Upper Maker fits and sews various
DO7- 129
upper shoe-components to make complete
upper for lasting. Collects leather and lining
parts. Checks corrections of numbering of
parts to identify pairing and sorts out upper
parts of shoe separately. Examines their
correct matching by placing one over another
and skives vamp, quarter, back strap, etc. by
hand knife or machine where necessary.
Applies rubber solution with brush on inside
edges (flesh side) of components, joins
corresponding parts, conducts beading by
hammering and sews them using sewing
machine. Sews and attaches lining to uppers.
Divides backstrap into two portions, applies
solution, fixes them in centre of back and
sews halfstraps on machine. Trims off edges
and threads with scissors. Passes on closed
upper to next section or worker for further
May perforate upper on
perforating machine or by hand punch. May
press seam by passing duly wet components
between manually operated iron rollers.
7442.32 Laster, Hand joins upper of shoe to
sole by pulling upper over last and nailing to
sole. Applies french chalk or wax to proper
size and shape last to prevent stitching of
lining. Tacks insole lightly to last; inserts
shoe counter and toe-puff in upper; pulls
upper on last and tacks to sole, checking
frequently to avoid folds and wrinkles. May
nail metal or bamboo shank to insole. May
tack rand pieces and heel lift to seat. May
mount sandals on last.
7442.34 Bed Toe Laster draws toe of shoe
tightly over last on bed lasting machine.
Inserts toe plates of required size in machine.
Softens toe leather by applying water and
steaming it in steam chest for short period.
Fastens shoe on last, using back supporter
(mechanical device) to hold it in place.
Moves lever on machine that causes fingers
to grab and pull shoe upper tight over insole
at toe. Drives anchor tack on each side of
insole and winds wire tightly from one tack
around drawn-in upper to other tack. Snips
off surplus wire and passes shoe on to other
Cleans and oils machine and
requests any needed repairs.
7442.36 Sole Presser; Sole Sticker operates
machine to glue sole and midsole of footwear
together. Places footwear on machine bed.
Presses pedal causing pressing rod to squeeze
two soles together and to set glue. Removes
shoe after required period and examines edges
of sole to ensure firmness of seal. Cleans and
oils machine and requests repairs when needed.
Operator; Buffer; Sand Paper Machine
(Footwear) operates scouring machine to buff
edges of heels and smoothen surfaces of shoebottom. Switches on machine. Holds shoe
components against revolving abrasive covered
rolls of machine with requisite pressure and
manipulates its movement according to
scouring desired. Watches operation and
ensures proper scouring. Replaces abrasive as
and when necessary. Cleans and oils machine
and gets defects removed if any.
May be
designated according to part of shoe scoured
BUFFER, etc.
7442.45 Counter Moulder; Stifner Moulder
operates counter moulding
machine to mould counters or stifners (shoe
component) to shape of heel. Sets mould of
required shape and size in machine. Places
counter or stifner it (mould). Depresses foot
pedal to start machine which bends and presses
counter into required shape. Releases foot
pedal and takes out mould at counter. Cleans
and oils machine.
7442.50 Sole Channeller; Channelling
Machine Operator (Footwear) operates
channelling machine to cut slits in outsole or
insole of shoe. Selects knife and sets it in
position in machine. Switches on machine.
Feeds sole into feeder of machine and
depresses pedal to raise sole to level of knife
for cutting slit. Controls channelling, break,
etc. by manipulating pedals and ensures that
channel of required depth is cut at even
distance around edge of sole. Cleans and oils
machine, replaces knife when necessary and
gets defects removed, if any. Is designated as
CHANNELLER, etc. according to type of sole
channelled. May do double channelling to
make double lip which is later cemented
together for forming ridge around outer edge of
insole to which welt is sewed.
7442.55 Rand Tacker (Footwear) operates
tacking machine to fasten rand (Leather strip)
with heel lift to make heel flat when attached to
outer sole of shoe. Places wire coil in machine
DO7- 130
container. Draws end of wire through guide
to awl and cutter. Puts heel-lift on cogwheel
of machine, sets rand on heel-lift to make
hollow and depresses pedal to start machine
which cuts wire and drives tack to fasten rand
with heel-lift. Releases pressure on pedal,
removes nailed piece and visually examines
for correct tacking. Examines awl, cutter etc.
frequently while working and replaces them
when necessary. Cleans and oils machine
and gets defects removed, if any.
7442.60 Sole Stitcher; Hand; Sole Sewer,
Hand (Footwear) sews out-soles to shoes by
hand using sole-stitching awl (tool) and
waxed cords. Collects out-soles and shoes to
be stitched together. Sorts out thread, twists
it into cord and draws it through wax ball to
strengthen it. Positions outsole to shoe and
marks guide line for stitching around welt of
shoe. Cuts groove manually with knife along
guide line in sole if channelled stitch is
required. Softens sole and welt with water to
facilitate stitching. Pierces awl through welt
and sole, draws one end of cord through hole,
punches another hole and draws cord through
hole from opposite direction to form lockstitch. Levels sole when sewed to welt by
beating it with hammer. Feels by touch and
sight and ensures correct stitching of sole.
Trims off edges of sole if necessary. May
nail iron tips in sole. May operate welt
grooving machine.
7442.65 Heel Attacher, Hand (Footwear)
fixes leather and rubber heels to shoes by
driving nails with hammer. Collects heels to
be attached according to size and shape of
shoes. Selects well pointed nails of required
size. Sets shoe on iron last (metal devices to
hold shoes) with sole upward. Places heel on
shoe and adjusts its position. Drives nails
with hammer through heel and heel-seat to
clinch them to insole. Checks frequently
while nailing and ensures proper nailing and
adjustment of heel to insole. Trims off edges
of heels with knife to give desired shape.
May attach iron-tips to heel.
7442.70 Trimmer, Hand (Footwear) trims
and smoothens edges of soles and heels of
shoes using hand knives, glass pieces and
sand paper. Examines shoe and determines
extent of trimming required. Selects sharp
edged glass pieces, knife and sand paper.
Trims edges of soles and heel of shoe with
knife. Scrapes trimmed portions of shoe with
glass piece and rubs it with sand paper to make
trimmed surface uniform and smooth. Checks
trimming and scouring frequently while
working to avoid damage to shoe and to ensure
correct finish. May do trimming and scouring
by machine. May colour edges of sole and heel
with chemical dyes.
7442.72 Harness Maker makes and repairs
harness by cutting, fitting and stitching parts
together. Cuts various parts from leather stock
according to design or pattern. Gives leather
required colour and forms it by shaping;
rivetting, and trimming. Sews parts by hand or
machine. Attaches buckles, rings and other
metal devices to strap ends by looping over
ends by stitching or rivetting. Punches buckle
holes in strap. Applies dressing to harness by
hand. May repair items. May design patterns.
7442.75 Saddler; Saddle Marker makes new
or repairs and adjusts old saddles. Cuts needed
parts out of leather required size as per sample
or pattern as guide quality and size. Stitches
pieces into various saddle components by hand.
Prepares saddle tree, web or woollen lining.
Stuffs seat with sheep wool. Makes panels and
fits different leather components to saddle by
stitching, rivetting or tacking as necessary.
Trims excess thread, leather or wool. Colours
edges and cleans saddle with soap. Repairs old
and defective saddles by changing parts,
trimming, stitching and making necessary
adjustment. May design new patterns.
7442.76 Leather Cutter, Hand (Harness and
Saddle Making) cuts leather pieces for use in
making harness and saddles. Places pattern on
hade and marks around with pencil. Cuts on
marked lines, using saddlers’ knife (rapi). May
cut leather pieces for other uses.
7442.78 Stitcher, Hand; Mochi (Harness and
Saddle Making) makes and repairs leather
belts and sews different leather parts of harness
and saddlery.
Selects leather and marks
portion to be cut, using sample or pattern.
Skives leather at seams and pricks marks on it
to guide sewing. Applies wax on thread and
leather to facilitate stitching. Stitches pieces
together with waxed thread to form required
part for harness and saddle. Finishes side of
leather using edging tool, creases line with hot
creasing tool for decoration and hand punches
holes where necessary. Affixes buckles and
DO7- 131
metal parts, scrapes or cuts away extraneous
material and dresses and treats leather parts
with leather soap, oil, etc. to effect finished
Applies required colour and
polishes to high finish.
strips leaving some portion uncut at end for
handle. Trims, smooths and interlaces strips
and adds wax to hold them together. Shapes
handle to complete whip. Colours and polishes
entire whip.
7442.79 Assembler, Hand (Harness and
Saddle Making) joins leather parts to make
harness and saddlery products.
(tapers) portions to be joined. Applies wax to
facilitate stitching.
Joins and assembles
parts by hand stitching or nailing. Finishes
sides of leather with edging tool. May put
creasing lines on leather with hot creasing
tool. May punch and bore fastening holes,
and may give colour finish to assembled
parts. May operate pricking machine.
7442.83 Belt Maker makes and repairs leather
belts, both for personal and industrial use.
Follows sample or instructions and marks and
cuts off needed leather pieces from roll. Skives
(tapers) ends when pieces must be joined.
Sews parts together, using waxed thread and
awl to punch holes. Uses heated edging and
creasing tools to aid in forming and decorating
belt and hand tools to attach buckles, metal
fixtures, and other parts.
Trims belts with
knife (rapi) and finishes it, by treating with oil,
dyeing; and buffing. May make or repair
canvas belts by stitching on leather parts,
buckles and metal fixtures. May design new
belts for personal use. May polish metal
fixtures. May operate leather machines. May
be designated as BELTMAN if engaged in
repairing belts, installing them on motors and
machinery, and fixing fasteners in factory or
7442.80 Suit Case Maker makes suitcases,
attache cases and similar articles from leather
or synthetic material. Cuts two sets of
component parts, one from leather or other
basic material to be used and other from
cardboard, using guides or patterns. Glues
together corresponding parts of cardboard
and basic material. Assembles sections by
glueing, machine sewing, rivetting and
otherwise fastening, affixes attachments such
as rings, guessests, buckles, locks and
handles. Applies dyes, and polishes and
buffs. May design or copy patterns. May
repair damaged articles. May finish edges of
material and apply decorative marking by
using heated edging and creasing tools.
7442.81 Purse Maker; Wallet Maker;
Document Case Maker makes purses, handbags, wallets, document cases, etc. from
leather, rexine, plastic or other synthetic
material. Marks measurements of different
parts of article to be made on sheet of leather,
plastic or other synthetic material and cuts
them out with pair of scissors or rapi. Skives
parts where necessary using skiving knife.
Cuts grooves along edges and folds parts as
required. Joins parts together with glue and
stitches them along grooves on machine or by
hand awl and cord making lock-stitches.
Attaches handles, locks, straps, buttons, etc.,
and pastes lining cloth from inside. May
perform decorative stitching where required.
May attach steel frames.
7442.85 Horn Comb Maker (Hand) makes
horn combs from buffalo horns by using hand
tools. Selects horns to suit requirements.
Marks and saws them to required sizes. Scraps
out outer rough layer, heats pieces in oven to
make these soft, applies oil on heated pieces,
places them in wooden mould and rolls
cylindrical wooden rod by hand to straighten
them; shapes pieces to desired size and
thickness by planing and cutting using adge and
hand saw; marks edges to cut teeth and saws
teeth at equal distances to required depth;
sharpens teeth edges with file; smoothens
surface with sand paper and applies wax to
shine and finish. Sharpens his own tools. May
make other fancy horn products.
7442.90 Shoe Makers and Related Workers,
Other include all other shoe makers and related
workers who are engaged in making and
repairing standard or special footwear and,
except for leather garments, hats and gloves,
make natural or synthetic leather articles, such
as luggage, handbags, and belts, or participate
in the manufacture of shoes and related goods
not elsewhere classified.
7442.82 Whipmaker makes leather whips by
interlacing leather strips. Cuts leather strip of
required length, width, and grelity into four
DO7- 132
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