Trigger Signal Input

Trigger Signal Input
A-ECK-100-12 (1)
Digital Video
Camera Module
Technical Manual
XCL-C30/C32/C130/C280/C500
XCL-C30C/C32C/C130C/C280C/
C500C
© 2012 Sony Corporation
Table of Contents
Overview
Features .................................................................. 3
Typical CCD Phenomena ..................................... 4
System Components .............................................. 5
Connection ............................................................. 6
Location and Function of Parts and
Operation .............................................................. 7
Front/Top/Bottom ............................................... 7
Using a tripod ..................................................... 7
Rear .................................................................... 8
Connecting the cables ........................................ 9
Connections
Communication Setting ...................................... 10
Camera Link Tap ................................................ 10
Data Order ........................................................... 11
1tap ................................................................... 11
2tap ................................................................... 11
Port assignment ................................................ 12
Color pixel array .............................................. 12
Trigger Signal Input ............................................ 13
Trigger signal polarity ...................................... 13
GPIO Connector .................................................. 14
Functions
Partial Scan .......................................................... 15
Binning ................................................................. 15
Sensor Tap ............................................................ 15
Switching sensor tap ........................................ 15
Level correction between sensor taps ............... 16
Adjusting level correction between sensor
taps ................................................................. 16
Output Bit Depth ................................................. 16
Gain ...................................................................... 16
Analog gain ...................................................... 16
Digital gain ....................................................... 16
Auto gain (AGC) .............................................. 16
Shutter (Exposure) .............................................. 17
Configuring the setting ..................................... 17
Auto exposure (AE) ......................................... 17
Combination of Continuous AGC and Continuous
AE ......................................................................... 17
Trigger Control .................................................... 18
Free run/trigger mode ....................................... 18
Special trigger .................................................. 19
Trigger source .................................................. 20
Trigger inhibition ............................................. 20
Trigger shift ...................................................... 21
Trigger delay .................................................... 22
Trigger counter ................................................. 22
Frame counter .................................................. 22
2
Table of Contents
Trigger range limit ............................................22
Trigger control ..................................................23
Frame Rate ...........................................................23
Auto frame rate .................................................23
Specifying frame rate ........................................24
Displaying frame rate .......................................24
Fastest frame rate for partial scanning ..............25
Timing Chart ........................................................28
Horizontal timing ..............................................28
Vertical timing ..................................................28
Trigger latency ..................................................29
Sensor Readout (Sensor Output) ........................31
White Balance ......................................................32
LUT .......................................................................32
Binarization ......................................................32
5-point interpolation .........................................32
Arbitrary setting ................................................33
Save LUT ..........................................................33
Color Matrix Conversion ....................................33
3 × 3 filter ..............................................................33
3 × 3 filter .........................................................33
Test Chart Output ................................................33
GPIO .....................................................................34
GPI ....................................................................34
GPO ..................................................................34
Pulse Train Generator .........................................36
Status LED ............................................................36
Temperature Readout Function .........................36
Defect Correction .................................................36
Shading Correction ..............................................37
Sensitivity Control ...............................................39
User Set .................................................................39
User set name ....................................................39
User set memory ...............................................39
Free Memory ........................................................39
User ID ..................................................................39
Saving and Startup ..............................................40
Initializing .............................................................40
Camera Information ............................................40
Help Command ....................................................40
Echo off .................................................................40
Restart ...................................................................40
Camera Control Commands
Command Form ...................................................41
Command Input and Response ..........................41
Command List ......................................................42
Parameter List ......................................................48
Specifications
Specifications ........................................................49
Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical
Values) ...................................................................50
Dimensions ............................................................52
Body fixing
Overview
Overview
This unit is a digital video camera module that outputs
digital images utilizing LVDS via the DIGITAL IF
connector.
The screw holes to install the camera module are located
under the front panel (the CCD reference plane).
Installing the camera module on the front panel
minimizes deviation of the optical axis.
LUT (Look Up Table)
You can switch to OFF or ON. When set to OFF, you can
select from five preset values, such as inversion,
binarization, any of five-point approximation, etc.
Features
DIGITAL IF connector
Equipped with a Camera Link standard mini connector.
The unit can output a detailed and high speed digital
image.
High image quality
The following models and their CCDs are shown below.
Model name
CCD
XCL-C30/C30C
1/3 type 330,000-pixel PS CCD
(Monochrome/Color)
XCL-C32/C32C
1/2 type 330,000-pixel PS CCD
(Monochrome/Color)
XCL-C130/C130C
1/3 type 1,250,000-pixel PS
CCD (Monochrome/Color)
XCL-C280/C280C
1/1.8 type 2,830,000-pixel PS
CCD (Monochrome/Color)
XCL-C500/C500C
2/3 type 5,050,000-pixel PS
CCD (Monochrome/Color)
Switching an Output Bit Length
You can select 8-bit output, 10-bit output, or 12-bit
output.
For color models, you can also select an RGB 24-bit
output.
Binning (Monochrome camera only)
Sensitivity can be doubled by combining two pixels
aligned vertically, you can achieve a standard output
frame rate between 1.8x and 2x. Sensitivity can be
doubled by combining two pixels align horizontally.
You can set horizontal and vertical binning at the same
time.
Defect correction
The unit includes a function to reduce sensor defects,
and can be set to ON or OFF.
Shading correction
Various settings
Sending a command from the host device allows various
settings, including the following.
• Gain
• Shutter
• Partial scan
• Trigger control
• LUT (Look Up Table)
• Output: 8/10/12-bit or RGB 24-bit
• Defect correction
• Shading correction
The unit includes a function to correct shading, resulting
from a light source or a particular lens, and can be set to
ON or OFF.
Note
The CCD is driven at high speed during a Partial scan or
Binning operation. In this situation, if intense light is
input to the camera, the peripheral areas of the video
image may be affected. In such a situation, adjust the
amout of light using the iris.
Electronic shutter function
Set anywhere from 1/100,000 sec to 2 sec in 1 µs
increments.
External trigger shutter function
By synchronizing with an external trigger signal, any
shutter timing can be used.
Partial scan
The camera module can limit the number of video
output lines to achieve high frame rates, enabling highspeed image processing.
Features
3
Typical CCD Phenomena
Overview
The following effects on the monitor screen are
characteristic of CCD cameras. They do not indicate any
fault with the camera module.
Smear
This occurs when shooting a very bright object such as
electric lighting, the sun, or a strong reflection.
This phenomenon is caused by an electric charge
induced by infrared radiation deep in the photosensor. It
appears as a vertical smear, since the CCD imaging
element uses an interline transfer system.
Vertical aliasing
When you shoot vertical stripes or lines, they may
appear jagged.
Blemishes
A CCD image sensor consists of an array of individual
sensor elements (pixels). A malfunctioning sensor
element will cause a single pixel blemish in the picture
(This is generally not a problem.).
White speckles
While CCD image pickup device is made by an accurate
technique, imperceptible speckless may rarely come up
on the screen due to cosmic rays and so on. This is
connected to the principle of CCD image pickup device,
not a malfunction. And the white speckless are easy to
come up in the following conditions.
• Using the camera in high temperature
• When turning up the gain
Note
If strong light enters a wide area of the screen, the screen
may become dark. This is not a malfunction.
If this occurs, avoid strong light or adjust the lens iris to
reduce the light amount.
4
Typical CCD Phenomena
CCD used in XCL-C130/C130C
Under the following operating conditions, because the
construction of the CCD of this camera is different from
the CCDs used in other cameras, the brightness level
near the pedestal may increase, or white dots described
above may become pronounced, degrading the image
quality.
• When used in a hot environment
• When the gain is increased
• When the exposure time is long (0.1 second or longer)
In these situations, decrease the environmental
temperature, or adjust the light source or lens aperture,
and change the camera gain or exposure time.
Note on laser beams
Laser beams may damage a CCD. You are cautioned
that the surface of a CCD should not be exposed to
laser beam radiation in an environment where a laser
beam device is used.
System Components
Overview
Video Camera Module
Camera cable
CCXC-12P02N (2 m, 6.6 ft)
CCXC-12P05N (5 m, 16.4 ft)
CCXC-12P10N (10 m, 32.8 ft)
CCXC-12P25N (25 m, 82 ft)
Camera module interface
board
Camera Link cable
(Sony Camera-compatible)
C-mount lens
Use a lens appropriate
for the pixel count of
the camera.
Camera adaptor
DC-700/700CE
Tripod adaptor
VCT-333I (Insulated type)
Install the board in a PCI bus slot in devices such as a computer. Select a commercially
available interface board compatible with the Camera Link feature. You can use either a board
that supports PoCL, or one that does not.
Due to the performance of the board, the frame rate may become low according to lack of
processing capacity. To have this product output frames at the highest speed, use a board
corresponding to PCI-Express.
Performance may also be dependent on the host device (e.g., Computer), so consult the
dealer if images are not displayed properly.
This cable connects to the DIGITAL IF connector on the rear panel of the camera module.
Image/control signals are transmitted via this cable.
If there is support for PoCL, power is also supplied at the same time.
If you use a camera module interface board with support for PoCL, be sure to use a camera
link cable with support for PoCL. Select a proper cable as the maximum usable length of a
cable differs due to the attribute of each cable.
Spotted noise may appear in a specific brightness in the window according to the attribute of
the cable. If this noise is an obstacle, shorten the cable.
System Components
5
Connection
Overview
Camera Link cable
Camera module interface board
Camera module
C-mount lens
AC
Tripod adaptor
VCT-333I
Camera cable
CCXC-12P02N
CCXC-12P05N
CCXC-12P10N
CCXC-12P25N
TRIG
Camera adaptor
DC-700/700CE
Internal signal
output
* If the camera module interface board for the camera supports PoCL, the
camera can be operated even if the items within the dashed line are not
connected.
Power supply
You can supply power to the camera module using the following methods.
Using the DIGITAL IF connector
This unit supports the PoCL (Power over Camera Link) standard. By connecting a PoCL-compatible camera link cable to a PoCLcompatible camera module interface board, you can power, control, and output images from the camera using a single cable.
Using the DC IN connector
You can supply power via the DC IN connector using the power adapter.
Use DC-700/700CE which is the stable power source free from ripple or noise.
When both the DIGITAL IF and DC IN connectors are used, the power supply from the DC IN connector is given priority.
6
Connection
Location and Function of Parts and Operation
Overview
Front/Top/Bottom
Lens mount (C-mount)
Guide screw holes (Top)
Guide screw holes/Tripod screw holes (bottom)
Reference screw holes (bottom)
a Lens mount (C-mount)
Attach any C-mount lens or other optical equipment.
Note
The lens must not project more than 10 mm (13/32 inch)
from the lens mount.
When you use the camera with the lens attached, the
resolution of the image output from the camera may
differ according to the performance of the lens. Note it
when you select a lens.
The performance of a lens may change according to the
aperture level.
If the resolution is not enough, adjust the aperture level.
Using a tripod
To use the tripod, install the tripod adaptor VCT-333I
(not supplied) on the camera module.
Use a tripod screw with a protrusion (4) extending from
the installation surface, as follows, and tighten it, using
a screwdriver. Be sure that the protrusion (4) does not
exceed 5.5 mm (0.2 in.) in length.
Length 4.5 to 5.5 mm
Length 0.18 to 0.22 inches
Note
If you install a tripod adapter (not supplied), use the
screws provided.
b Guide screw holes (Top)
c Guide screw holes/Tripod screw holes (bottom)
When using a tripod, use these four screw holes to attach
a VCT-333I tripod adaptor.
d Reference screw holes (bottom)
These precision screw holes are for locking the camera
module. Locking the camera module into these holes
secures the optical axis alignment.
Note
Refer to XCL-U100 Demensions in page 52 for about
the position/size of the Guide hole and the Reference
hole.
Location and Function of Parts and Operation
7
Rear
e DC IN (DC power input) connector (12-pin)
f DIGITAL IF (Interface) connector (26-pin mini connector)
Overview
g Status LED
e DC IN (DC power input) connector (12-pin)
You can connect a camera cable CCXC-12P05N etc. to
input the 12 V DC power supply. The pin configuration
of this connector is as follows. You can operate the
camera without using this connector when using a
PoCL-compatible camera module interface board.
For details on the pin arrangement, see the following
table.
Pin No.
Signal
Pin.No.
Signal
*2
1
Ground
7
GPI3
2
DC 12 V
8
Ground
3
Ground
9
GPO3*1
4
GPO1*1
10
GPI2*2
5
Ground
11
GPI1*2
6
GPO2*1
12
Ground
*1
Signal output from pin 4, 6, 9 (GPO1/2/3) of DC IN
connector
This setting allows you to select from exposure
signal, strobe control signal, Hi/Low fixed value, etc.
The initial values of GPO1/2/3 are all Hi fixed.
*2 Signal output from pin 7, 10, 11 (GPI3/2/1) of DC
IN connector
Function as GPI input or trigger input. The initial
setting is GPI1 for trigger input and GPI2/3 for GPI
input.
f DIGITAL IF (Interface) connector (26-pin mini
conector)
Camera Link Base Configuration:
You can connect a Camera Link cable to this connector
to control a camera module from a host device utilizing
the serial communication protocol while outputting a
video signal from the camera module. If you use a
camera module interface board with support for PoCL,
you can also supply power from this connecter. You can
input the external trigger signal via the DIGITAL IF
8
Location and Function of Parts and Operation
connector and operate a camera module in the external
trigger mode.
The following table shows the relation between the pin
numbers of the DIGITAL IF connector and the input/
output signals and the like.
Pin No.
Signal
1
Power supply or
Ground*
2
X0–
3
X1–
4
X2–
5
XCLK–
6
X3–
7
SerTC+
8
SerTFG–
9
CC1–
10
CC2+
11
CC3–
12
CC4+
13
Ground
Pin No.
Signal
14
Ground
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
X0+
X1+
X2+
XCLK+
X3+
SerTC–
SerTFG+
CC1+
CC2–
CC3+
CC4–
Power supply or
Ground*
* About the 1st pin and 26th pin of the DIGITAL IF
connector
The connection differs depending on the type of
camera module interface board you use.
In the case of PoCL support:
Both the 1st pin and 26th pin are
Power supply
In the case of non-PoCL support:
Both the 1st pin and 26th pin are
Ground
g Status LED (Green)
When power is supplied to the camera, this button is lit.
Various settings are available, such as to light up when
interlocking with the trigger signal (page 36).
Connecting the cables
DC IN
connector
Camera cable
Connect the camera cable to the DC IN connector and
the Camera Link cable to the DIGITAL IF cable
respectively. If you use a camera module interface board
with support for PoCL, you can operate the camera even
if you do not connect the camera cable to the DC IN
connector. When you connect the Camera Link cable,
turn the two fastening screws on the connector to secure
the cable tightly.
Connect the other end of the camera cable to the DC700/700CE and the other end of the Camera Link cable
to the camera module interface board.
Note
When using the camera with a PoCL connection, make
sure you connect a PoCL compatible cable. Connecting
a cable that is not compatible with PoCL (non-PoCL)
may cause a malfunction of the camera or camera
module interface board.
Controlling the camera from the host
device
You can control the camera from host device such as a
computer. The following table shows the major control
functions.
You can send a command corresponding to the control
items, with parameters for the desired settings, if
necessary, from the host device to control the camera.
Refer to “Camera Control Commands” on page 41 for
details on how to send a command, the commands, and
their parameters.
Description
Operating mode
Free run/Trigger
Shutter speed
Free run
1/100,000 sec to
2 sec
Trigger edge
detection
1/100,000 sec to
2 sec
Trigger pulse
width detection
Setting by
trigger pulse
width
Gain
0 dB to 18 dB
Partial Scan
Variable, 2-line increments (more
than 480 lines for XCL-C500)
LUT (Look Up Table)
OFF/ON (Mode: 5 types)
External trigger input
DIGITAL IF connector/DC IN
connector
Video output switch
Monochrome model: Mono 8/10/
12-bit
Color model: Raw 8/10/12-bit,
RGB 24-bit
Binning (Monochrome
camera only)
2×1, 1×2, 2×2
Defect correction
OFF/ON
Shading correction
OFF/ON
Overview
DIGITAL IF connector
Camera Link cable
Fastening
screws
Control functions
Note
Make sure to supply power to the camera module and
confirm that the camera module is operating before
inputting a trigger signal. If you input trigger signal to a
camera module without the power supplied, this may
cause a malfunction of the camera module.
Image at partial scan
Depending on the image input board of the camera you
are using, if settings for the boards received image size
and the image size output from a camera do not
conform, picture noise or sync issues may occur.
Location and Function of Parts and Operation
9
Connections
Communication Setting
The serial port assigned to the camera link board is used. The communication system is an asynchronous method
compliant with RS-232C. The following table shows the transmission control specifications. Command inputs are
echoed back. Inputs are not case-sensitive.
Connections
Baud rate
115200/57600/38400/19200/9600 [bps]
Data bit
8
Parity
None
Stop bit
1
Flow control
None
Default values are underlined. (same applies hereinafter)
Camera Link Tap
1tap output or 2tap output can be selected, regardless of the camera settings. Output clock frequencies are as follows.
Lowering the output clock frequency improves the tolerance to video signal attenuation, which allows the camera link
cable length to be extended. Thus, it is recommended to use with 2tap unless there are board restrictions. 2tap cannot
be selected for RGB24-bit output.
10
command
param
XCL-C30/C
XCL-C32/C
XCL-C130/C
XCL-C280/C
XCL-C500/C
CAMERALINK-TAP
1
50MHz
40MHz
50MHz
81MHz
80MHz
2
25MHz
20MHz
25MHz
40.5MHz
40MHz
Communication Setting
Data Order
Figures below show the data order when an image of M × N pixels is transmitted in 1tap/2tap.
1tap
STROBE
Video output
Connections
STROBE
2tap
Video output
1tap
M × N pixels
2tap
M × N pixels
Data Order
11
Port assignment
The following table shows the assignment for the three ports (A, B, and C) and the respective video signals (D1, D2,
and DR, DG, DB for RGB24-bit) for 1tap/2tap as defined in the base configuration.
Port
1tap
2tap
Connections
8 bit
10 bit
12 bit
RGB 24bit
8 bit
10 bit
12 bit
Port A0
D1[0]
D1[0]
D1[0]
DR[0]
D1[0]
D1[0]
D1[0]
Port A1
D1[1]
D1[1]
D1[1]
DR[1]
D1[1]
D1[1]
D1[1]
Port A2
D1[2]
D1[2]
D1[2]
DR[2]
D1[2]
D1[2]
D1[2]
Port A3
D1[3]
D1[3]
D1[3]
DR[3]
D1[3]
D1[3]
D1[3]
Port A4
D1[4]
D1[4]
D1[4]
DR[4]
D1[4]
D1[4]
D1[4]
Port A5
D1[5]
D1[5]
D1[5]
DR[5]
D1[5]
D1[5]
D1[5]
Port A6
D1[6]
D1[6]
D1[6]
DR[6]
D1[6]
D1[6]
D1[6]
Port A7
D1[7]
D1[7]
D1[7]
DR[7]
D1[7]
D1[7]
D1[7]
Port B0
D1[8]
D1[8]
DG[0]
D2[0]
D1[8]
D1[8]
Port B1
D1[9]
D1[9]
DG[1]
D2[1]
D1[9]
D1[9]
Port B2
D1[10]
DG[2]
D2[2]
D1[10]
Port B3
D1[11]
DG[3]
D2[3]
D1[11]
Port B4
DG[4]
D2[4]
D2[8]
D2[8]
Port B5
DG[5]
D2[5]
D2[9]
D2[9]
Port B6
DG[6]
D2[6]
D2[10]
Port B7
DG[7]
D2[7]
D2[11]
Port C0
DB[0]
D2[0]
D2[0]
Port C1
DB[1]
D2[1]
D2[1]
Port C2
DB[2]
D2[2]
D2[2]
Port C3
DB[3]
D2[3]
D2[3]
Port C4
DB[4]
D2[4]
D2[4]
Port C5
DB[5]
D2[5]
D2[5]
Port C6
DB[6]
D2[6]
D2[6]
Port C7
DB[7]
D2[7]
D2[7]
Color pixel array
In the case of 8-bit, 10-bit, and 12-bit outputs, signals of all pixels are output sequentially according to the Bayer Array
shown below.
In the case of RGB24-bit, R, G, and B are 8 bits respectively per 1 pixel.
12
Data Order
Trigger Signal Input
Trigger signals can be input via the 7th, 10th, 11th pins of the DC IN connector, the CC1, CC2, CC3, CC4 pins of the
Digital IF connector, or the software command. Switchover of the trigger signal can be changed via the TRG-SRC
command.
command
param
TRG-SRC
Trigger signal assigned pin
7
DC IN connector 7th pin (GPI3)
10
DC IN connector 10th pin (GPI2)
DC IN connector 11th pin (GPI1)
Digital IF connector 22nd [+]/9th [-] (CC1)
102
Digital IF connector 10th [+]/23rd [-] (CC2)
103
Digital IF connector 24th [+]/11th [-] (CC3)
104
Digital IF connector 12th [+]/25th [-] (CC4)
0
Software command (TRG-SOFT)
20
OR of GPI1/GPI2/GPI3
Connections
11
101
Trigger signal polarity
Positive refers to a trigger signal polarity activated while rising from Low to Hi, or during the Hi interval. Negative refers
to a trigger signal polarity activated while falling from Hi to Low, or during the Low interval. The default value of a
camera is Negative. The GPI connectors 1, 2, and 3 are pulled up on the camera side. When a connector is open, the
trigger signal is at the high level and is logically inactive. Note that when Positive of GPI1, 2 or 3 is selected as a trigger
input, when the terminal is open, the trigger will be activated.
command
TRG-POL
param
Trigger signal polarity
0
Negative
1
Positive
DC IN connector specifications
2 to 24V
0 to 0.4V
2.0µs or less
2.0µs or less
10µs to 2s
100µs or more
Trigger input polarity = Negative
2 to 24V
0 to 0.4V
2.0µs or less
2.0µs or less
10µs to 2s
100µs or more
Trigger input polarity = Positive
Note
When inputting a trigger signal to the camera using the DC-700/CE, use DC 5 V or less at the logical high level.
Trigger Signal Input
13
Digital IF connector specifications
0.30 to 0.40v
0.30 to 0.40v
1.125 to 1.375v
GND
Connections
GPIO Connector
The DC IN connector 7th, 10th, 11th are the GPI connector and the 4th, 6th, 9th are the GPO connector. The trigger
reset pin is the DC IN connector 11th pin (GPI1). If you are connecting an external device to the GPI or GPO connector,
refer to the circuit specifications below.
GPI circuit specifications
DC IN connector
As GPI1
As GPI1
GPO circuit specifications
DC IN connector
As GPO1
As GPO1
14
GPIO Connector
Functions
Partial Scan
Only the area selected from the effective pixel area can
be read out. Clearing unnecessary parts at high-speed
allows high-speed reading. The area size is selected by
the HEIGHT and WIDTH commands, and the read
beginning point is selected by the OFFSETX and
OFFSETY commands. Using the ROI command, you
can set HEIGHT, WIDTH, OFFSETX and OFFSETY at
the same time. Reducing HEIGHT increases the frame
rate, but changing WIDTH does not change the frame
rate. Partial scan can be set with or without a trigger.
Binning can be used at the same time.
OFFSETX and OFFSETY relate to WIDTH and
HEIGHT as follows:
OFFSETX + WIDTH ≤ WIDTH (maximum value)
OFFSETY + HEIGHT ≤ HEIGHT (maximum value)
Functions
Note
Partial scan
command
Since the shutter setting has priority, use a shutter speed
high enough to enable partial scan at a higher frame rate.
ROI
param1
param2
param3
param4
Width
Height
OffsetX
OffsetY
Configurable range
WIDTH
HEIGHT
XCL-C30/C
16 to 658
2 to 494
XCL-C32/C
16 to 658
2 to 494
XCL-C130/C
16 to 1296
2 to 966
XCL-C280/C
16 to 1940
2 to 1460
XCL-C500/C
16 to 2456
480 to 2058
Configurable values
The values of OFFSETX, OFFSETY, WIDTH and
HEIGHT increase or decrease in steps of 2.
Binning
By adding 2 vertical pixels or 2 horizontal pixels, the
frame rate in vertical binning is increased along with the
sensitivity. The color camera cannot set this. This can be
set with or without a trigger. Partial scan can be used
concurrently and horizontal and vertical can be set at the
same time. The XCL-C500 can perform vertical binning
only when Height is ≥ 2048.
command
VBIN
HBIN
param
Setting
1
No binning
2
Vertical binning
1
No binning
2
Horizontal binning
Sensor Tap
Switching sensor tap
XCL-C280/C has a CCD with 2-channel output.
Reading speed is faster in 2-channel output than 1channel output. Although XCL-C500/C has a CCD with
2-channel output, the number of sensor taps cannot be
switched.
Partial Scan
15
command
param
SENSOR-TAP
1
1-channel
Setting
2
2-channel
Level correction between sensor
taps
Functions
Since XCL-C280/C and XCL-C500/C have a CCD with
2 channel signal outputs, output level differences may
occur during 2-channel reading due to the characteristic
difference between channels. Level correction between
sensor taps can correct the level differences. A
command for one-push (automatically detecting the
level difference and adjusting only once), continuous
(constantly detecting the level difference and adjusting
continuously), and manual correction (correcting left
and right manually) is provided. After one-push is
performed once, the state returns to manual designation.
command
param
BLACKLEV
EL-AUTOBALANCE
(BL-AB)
0
Manual designation
1
One-push (only once)
2
Continuous (consecutive)
param
Setting
Setting
Setting lower value prevents
excessive detection
Output Bit Depth
Monochrome cameras can switch between 8 bits, 10
bits, and 12 bits. Color cameras can switch between Raw
output 8 bits, 10 bits, 12 bits, and RGB output 24 bits.
command
param
Setting
PIXEL-DEPTH
8/10/12/24
24 is only for color camera
Gain
Analog gain
The analog gain can be set finely in 1 dB unit or bit level
(up to 18 dB). It can be set per the sensor tap as well.
command
param
Setting
GAIN
0 to 18
Gain dB unit (full screen)
GAIN-TAP1
0 to 18
Gain dB unit (left screen)
GAIN-TAP2
0 to 18
Gain dB unit (right screen)
0 to 512
Gain advanced setting (full
screen)
BL-ADJ-1
-255 to 0 to 255
Black level correction
value for left screen
GAIN-FINE
BL-ADJ-2
-255 to 0 to 255
Black level correction
value for right screen
GAINFINE-TAP1
0 to 512
Gain advanced setting (left
screen)
GAINFINE-TAP2
0 to 512
Gain advanced setting (right
screen)
Adjusting level correction between
sensor taps
The one-push command should be executed after setting
the output level to all black by removing light sources.
When One-push or Continuous is performed as taking
an image normally, the shade difference of an object is
detected as the level difference between taps and level
correction may not work properly on rare occasions. In
this case, the limit value (BL-AB-LIMIT) should be
adjusted so that the level is automatically adjusted to the
proper value. Lowering the value allows preventing
excessive detection but interferes the normal level
correction between taps to work properly. The level
should be adjusted accordingly since the optimal value
differs depending on the environment (such as an object
and light source) and camera settings (such as gain and
shutter).
16
param
1 to 512 to
16383
Setting
Manual designation is performed by the BL-ADJ-1/2
command. The left screen is for TAP1 and the right
screen is for TAP2. One push and continuous commands
automatically set the value for TAP2.
command
command
BL-ABLIMIT
Output Bit Depth
Digital gain
The digital gain is not implemented in this device.
Auto gain (AGC)
By executing the GAIN-AUTO command, the gain is
automatically adjusted according to the image pickup
environment. AGC works so that the average level in a
detection frame may reach AGC-LEVEL. The AGC
detection frame is set to the central region by default.
The detection frame can be displayed or the detection
area changed.
param
EXP [µs]
Rate [fps]
0
Manual gain
XCL-C30/C
7674
130
1
One-push AGC
XCL-C32/C
9593
104
2
Continuous AGC
XCL-C130/C
32169
31
0 to 11264 to
16383
AGC target level (14 bit)
XCL-C280/C
37880
26
XCL-C500/C
64825
15
AGC-SPEED
1 to 256
AGC convergence speed
AGC-UPPER
0 to 18
AGC upper limit (dB)
AGCLOWER
0 to 18
AGC lower limit (dB)
Auto exposure (AE)
0
AGC detection frame is
hidden
The shutter is set automatically by detecting the output
level. The target level is the same as the value of AGCLEVEL. This can be performed along with auto gain.
1
AGC detection frame is
displayed
AGC-LEVEL
AGCFRAMEHIGHLIGHT
Setting
command
param1
param2
param3
param4
AGCFRAME
1 to 100
1 to 100
0 to 99
0 to 99
command
param
EXPOSURE
-AUTO
(AE)
0
Manual shutter
1
One-push AE
2
Continuous AE
Functions
command
GAIN-AUTO
(AGC)
Setting
AE-SPEED
1 to 192 to 256
AE convergence speed
AE-UPPER
10 to 2000000
AE upper limit
AE-LOWER
10 to 2000000
AE lower limit
Combination of
Continuous AGC and
Continuous AE
Detection frame area
Whole screen
AGC and AE coordinate with each other to adjust the
level automatically with AGC-LEVEL as the target
level. When the environment starts getting dark and the
shutter is released, AGC starts to work.
Bright
Shutter (Exposure)
Dark
AE
AGC
Configuring the setting
The setting is configured in µs unit. With the default
shutter value, the frame rate is maximized. During free
run operation, the frame rate is reduced by setting a
value bigger than the default shutter value.
command
EXP
param
10 to 2000000
Shutter (Exposure)
17
Trigger Control
Free run/trigger mode
Free run
The camera operates without a trigger signal and performs the video output operation continuously after the shutter
(exposure) is finished. The horizontal and vertical timing signals are generated within the camera. During the free-run
operation, image pickup timing cannot be controlled. In the free-run operation, the adjustment is made automatically to
achieve the maximum frame rate according to the shutter setting.
Trigger mode
Functions
Exposure is started by detecting the externally input trigger signal. When EXP-MODE is 0, exposure is started by
detecting the rising or falling edge of the trigger signal and the trigger edge detection (exposure is performed based on
the set shutter value) is performed. When EXP-MODE is 1, the trigger width detection (exposed for the period of the
trigger signal width) is performed.
command
param
TRG-MODE
0
Free run
Setting
1
Trigger mode
For trigger mode (TRG-MODE=1)
command
param
EXP-MODE
Setting
0
Trigger edge detection
1
Trigger width detection
Trigger edge detection
The figure shows the trigger signal negative polarity (detecting the drop edge).
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
Trigger width detection
The figure shows the trigger signal negative polarity (detecting Low level width).
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
18
Trigger Control
Special trigger
When operating in trigger mode and performing image pickup in different conditions (such as the shutter, gain, and
image pickup area), the setting has to be changed in advance for each trigger input. However, if the special trigger
operation is enabled, the setting does not have to be changed and continuous image pick up in different conditions is
facilitated. Up to 16 settings can be configured. There are the bulk operations in which images are taken consecutively
by inputting the trigger signal once and the sequential operation in which images are taken each time the trigger signal
is detected. The next exposure is started after the end of video output. In the sequential operation, the second and
subsequent trigger signals should be input 5 ms or more after the end of video output. During the special trigger
operation, the device cannot be entered to the trigger mode. The source and polarity of the special trigger signal should
be defined separately from the trigger mode. Each setting should be saved in the user set. For the items reflected, refer
to “Command List” (page 42).
Note
During special trigger operation, defect correction cannot be used.
param
SP-TRG-MODE
0
Special trigger off
1
Bulk
2
Sequential
command
SP-TRG-SRC
command
SP-TRG-POL
Functions
command
Setting
param
Setting
7
DC IN connector 7th pin (GPI3)
10
DC IN connector 10th pin (GPI2)
11
DC IN connector 11th pin (GPI1)
101
Digital IF connector 22nd [+]/9th [-] (CC1)
102
Digital IF connector 10th [+]/23rd [-] (CC2)
103
Digital IF connector 24th [+]/11th [-] (CC3)
104
Digital IF connector 12th [+]/25th [-] (CC4)
0
Software command (TRG-SOFT)
20
OR of GPI1/GPI2/GPI3
param
Setting
0
Negative
1
Positive
Bulk
SP-TRG-MODE=1, SP-TRG-POL=0, SP-TRG-F-CNT=3 in the figure.
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
Setting 1
Setting 2
Setting 3
Trigger Control
19
Sequential
SP-TRG-MODE=2, SP-TRG-POL=0, SP-TRG-F-CNT=3 in the figure.
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
Setting 1
Setting 2
Setting 3
5ms or
longer
Functions
Trigger states
Free run
Bulk
Sequential
Trigger mode
Trigger edge detection
Trigger width detection
Trigger source
This can be input via the DC IN connector, Digital IF connector, or software command (TRG-SOFT). Refer to “Trigger
Signal Input” (page 13) for details. Note that the trigger sources for the special trigger operation and the trigger mode
operation are defined separately.
Trigger inhibition
Trigger input can be disabled. This function is effective when disabling the trigger signal to a specific camera in the
environment where multiple cameras are connected by the same trigger signal and when preventing false operations
caused by noise contamination to the trigger signal line (due to the installed environment).
Trigger signal
Trigger inhibition
Trigger
disabled
Exposure
Sensor output
command
TRG-INH
20
Trigger Control
param
Setting
0
Trigger is accepted
1
Trigger is not accepted
Trigger shift
This device can accept exposure by the next trigger even while a video is output (except for the special trigger
operation). In this case, trigger shift should be enabled since the trigger signal can become a noise source. When trigger
shift is enabled, adjustment is made automatically for operations from trigger input to exposure to prevent noise
contamination. Therefore, the time from trigger input to exposure start will be delayed up to 1 line. When disabling
trigger shift, this delay adjustment is not made and exposure is started consistently at the constant timing but noise may
occur in the image. Even when the trigger shift is enabled, the next video cannot be output before completing video
output and the trigger is disabled. Therefore, the exposure time setting (in the trigger edge operation), the effective
period of the trigger signal width to be input (in the trigger width operation), or the trigger interval should be sufficiently
long.
Trigger signal
Exposure
(Trigger shift off)
Functions
Exposure
(Trigger shift on)
Sensor output
Trigger shift max 1H
in this interval
Timing of trigger shift on
when delay is maximum
Timing of trigger shift off
When the next image can be output
Since video output is completed after the exposure is finished, the next video output can be started.
Trigger signal
Exposure
The next image output is started after
completing the previous image output.
Sensor output
When the next image cannot be output (double exposure)
Since video output is not completed after the exposure is finished, the next video output cannot be started. The input
trigger becomes invalid.
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
The next image output is started before
completing the previous image output.
No image output
Trigger Control
21
Trigger delay
The camera can delay the trigger signal.
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
command
TRG-DLY
param
Setting
0 to 4000000
Trigger delay [µs]
Functions
Trigger counter
Accepted triggers by which video output is performed are counted. Triggers are counted up by the internal counter even
in the free-run operation. Setting 0 resets the counter. Video output is not performed for triggers that coincide with the
double exposure timing, but triggers are counted up. Triggers that have been removed by trigger range limit are not
counted. The trigger counter returns to 0 when the upper limit (2147483647) is reached.
command
TRG-CNT
Frame counter
The frame counter increases when an image is output. Setting 0 resets the counter. Frames whose image cannot be
output due to triggers that coincide with the double exposure timing are not counted. The trigger counter returns to 0
when the upper limit (2147483647) is reached.
command
FRAME-COUNTER
Trigger range limit
Only signals in the set trigger width can be accepted as the trigger signal. This functions as a noise filter, which removes
chattering or disturbance noise in the trigger signal line. This also functions as a trigger selector, whereby only a specific
camera can be operated by the trigger when multiple cameras share one trigger signal line. When the trigger signal is
input, exposure is started immediately to increment the trigger counter; however, when trigger width is out of the range,
video is not output and the trigger counter is decremented. If the shutter time is set shorter than the upper limit, triggers
will be received and video is output even if the trigger signal is wider than the trigger range limit. If the trigger source
is soft trigger, trigger range is not enabled.
command
TRG-RANGE
22
param
Setting
0
Trigger range off
1
Trigger range on
TRG-RANGE-LOWER
10 to 2000000
Trigger range lower limit [µs]
TRG-RANGE-UPPER
10 to 2000000
Trigger range upper limit [µs]
Trigger Control
Trigger range operation example
EXP=300, TRG-RANGE-LOWER=100, TRG-RANGE-UPPER=200 in the figure.
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
TRG-CNT
FRAME-COUNTER
Functions
EXP=300, TRG-RANGE-LOWER=100, TRG-RANGE-UPPER=1000 in the figure.
Trigger signal
Trigger not disabled
Exposure
Sensor output
TRG-CNT
FRAME-COUNTER
Trigger control
Since detection of the trigger width time requires a certain time during the trigger width detection operation, the
exposure time will be slightly longer than the input trigger width time. To perfectly match with the trigger signal width
period, TRG-CTRL should be set to 0. TRG-SHIFT=1 and TRG-CTRL=0 cannot be set at the same time. Refer to
“Trigger latency” (page 29) for details.
Frame Rate
Auto frame rate
The reading cycle is set to allow the frame rate to be the maximum value automatically according to the current shutter
setting and the partial scan setting in the free-run operation (Shutter has priority). The next exposure is performed while
outputting a video and the next video output is started immediately after finishing all video outputs. The frame rate is
lowered when setting the shutter time longer than the video output time.
command
FRAMERATE-AUTO
param
Setting
0
Off
1
On
Frame Rate
23
Specifying frame rate
The frame rate of the video output can be specified in the free-run operation. The value of the frame rate [fps] ×
1,000,000 should be entered. The frame rate faster than the fastest frame rate cannot be set.
command
FRAMERATE
param
62500 to *
* The upper limit varies depending on the partial scan setting.
Example for setting 15 [fps]: FRAMERATE 15000000
Displaying frame rate
The current frame rate during the auto frame rate operation is displayed.
Functions
command
FRAMERATE-ACTUAL
24
Frame Rate
Fastest frame rate for partial scanning
The fastest frame rate varies depending on HEIGHT for partial scanning.
XCL-C30/C
Functions
XCL-C32/C
Frame Rate
25
XCL-C130/C
Functions
XCL-C280/C (sensor-tap=2)
26
Frame Rate
XCL-C280/C (sensor-tap=1)
Functions
XCL-C500/C
Note
The VBIN=2 setting is not available on color models.
VBIN=2 setting for the XCL-C500 is only available when Height is ≥ 2048.
Frame Rate
27
Timing Chart
Horizontal timing
Constant regardless of the trigger mode, binning, and partial scanning. DVAL and LVAL are the same signal.
LVAL
DVAL
STROBE
Functions
Video output
sensor-tap
STROBE
A*
B*
XCL-C30/C
1
50MHz
780
WIDTH
XCL-C32/C
1
40MHz
780
XCL-C130/C
1
50MHz
1660
XCL-C280/C
1
54MHz
2365
2
81MHz
2106
2
80MHz
2520
XCL-C500/C
* When CAMERALINK-TAP=1. The value will be half during 2tap output.
Start time is shifted according to the OFFSETX value.
Vertical timing
Trigger
FVAL
LVAL
Video output
sensor-tap
C
D
XCL-C30/C
1
22 + OFFSETX
780 – WIDTH - C
XCL-C32/C
1
22 + OFFSETX
780 – WIDTH - C
XCL-C130/C
1
22 + OFFSETX
1660 – WIDTH - C
XCL-C280/C
1
24 + OFFSETX
2365 – WIDTH - C
2
24 + OFFSETX
2106 – WIDTH - C
2
24 + OFFSETX
2520 – WIDTH - C
XCL-C500/C
E: Varies depending on the EXP, OFFSETY value or trigger latency.
28
Timing Chart
Trigger latency
The time from the trigger acceptance to the exposure start (trigger latency) varies depending on various conditions. In
the trigger width detection operation, the value is changed by TRG-CTRL.
Trigger signal
Exposure
Exposure time
Sensor output
Trigger latency
Functions
XCL-C30/C
EXP-MODE
TRG-CTRL
0
(edge detection)
1
(width detection)
0
TRG-SHIFT
Trigger latency
Exposure time
0
Approx. 0.7 µs
EXP
1
Approx. 0.7 µs to 16.3 µs
EXP
0
Approx. 6.9 µs
EXP
1
1
Cannot be set*
0
Approx. 2.2 µs
EXP + approx. 5 µs
1
Approx. 2.2 µs to 18.8 µs
EXP + approx. 5 µs
TRG-SHIFT
Trigger latency
Exposure time
0
Approx. 0.8 µs
EXP
1
Approx. 0.8 µs to 20.3 µs
EXP
0
Approx. 8.7 µs
EXP
XCL-C32/C
EXP-MODE
TRG-CTRL
0
(edge detection)
1
(width detection)
0
1
1
Cannot be set*
0
Approx. 2.8 µs
EXP + approx. 6 µs
1
Approx. 2.8 µs to 22.3 µs
EXP + approx. 6 µs
TRG-SHIFT
Trigger latency
Exposure time
0
Approx. 1.4 µs
EXP
1
Approx. 1.4 µs to 34.6 µs
EXP
0
Approx. 14.2 µs
EXP
XCL-C130/C
EXP-MODE
TRG-CTRL
0
(edge detection)
1
(width detection)
0
1
1
Cannot be set*
0
Approx. 2.4 µs
EXP + approx. 12 µs
1
Approx. 2.4 µs to 35.6 µs
EXP + approx. 12 µs
TRG-SHIFT
Trigger latency
Exposure time
XCL-C280/C (SENSOR-TAP=2)
EXP-MODE
TRG-CTRL
0
(edge detection)
1
(width detection)
0
0
Approx. 1.5 µs
EXP
1
Approx. 1.5 µs to 27.5 µs
EXP
0
Approx. 35 µs
EXP
1
1
Cannot be set*
0
Approx. 1.6 µs
EXP + approx. 34 µs
1
Approx. 1.6 µs to 27.6 µs
EXP + approx. 34 µs
Timing Chart
29
XCL-C280/C (SENSOR-TAP=1)
EXP-MODE
TRG-CTRL
0
(edge detection)
1
(width detection)
0
TRG-SHIFT
Trigger latency
Exposure time
0
Approx. 1.5 µs
EXP
1
Approx. 1.5 µs to 45.3 µs
EXP
0
Approx. 53 µs
EXP
1
1
Cannot be set*
0
Approx. 1.6 µs
EXP + approx. 52 µs
1
Approx. 1.6 µs to 45.4 µs
EXP + approx. 52 µs
TRG-SHIFT
Trigger latency
Exposure time
0
Approx. 1.5 µs
EXP
1
Approx. 1.5 µs to 33 µs
EXP
0
Approx. 27.4 µs
EXP
XCL-C500/C
EXP-MODE
TRG-CTRL
0
(edge detection)
Functions
1
(width detection)
0
1
1
Cannot be set*
0
Approx. 1.7 µs
EXP + approx. 26 µs
1
Approx. 1.7 µs to 33.2 µs
EXP + approx. 26 µs
* TRG-CTRL=0 and TRG-SHIFT=1 cannot be set at the same time.
The settings will be discarded, and TRG-CTRL=1 and TRG-SHIFT=1 will be used.
30
Timing Chart
Sensor Readout (Sensor Output)
This signal indicates that exposure has completed and the CCD has entered the video output sequence, Output is
available from the GPO1, 2 or 3 terminals. The sensor readout signal is asserted before optical black and the effective
pixel area is output. If the following trigger signal is input when this signal is asserted, horizontal line noise may occur
in an image. The trigger shift function (page 21) can effectively prevent noise contamination.
The time required for the CCD to start OB (optical black) and effective pixel output after sensor readout signal assertion
is shown below. Moreover, when the CCD starts picture signal output, picture signals such as FVAL take at least as much
time as is required for 4 to 4.5 lines. OB is not output from a camera.
Trigger signal
Trigger latency
When a trigger signal is input,
noise may occur in an image.
Exposure signal
Functions
Sensor readout signal
(Sensor output)
CCD video output
Effective pixel
Video output from a camera
(FVAL, LVAL, Data)
Effective pixel
sensor-tap
F
G**
XCL-C30/C
1
32 µs*
Approx. 4 H (16 µs x4)
XCL-C32/C
1
40 µs*
Approx. 4 H (19.5 µs x4)
XCL-C130/C
1
60 µs
Approx. 4 H (33.2 µs x4)
XCL-C280/C
1
88 µs
Approx. 4 H (44.4 µs x4)
2
76 µs
Approx. 4.5 H (26 µs x4.5)
2
47 µs
Approx. 4.5 H (31.5 µs x4.5)
XCL-C500/C
* When VBIN=2, increase of approximately 3 µs.
**When OFFSETX= 0, OFFSETY= 0, shortest value.
Sensor Readout (Sensor Output)
31
White Balance
The white balance can be automatically adjusted once
when the WHITEBALANCE-AUTO command is
executed. The detection area is set to the screen center
by default. The detection area can also be displayed on
the screen. The detection frame can be changed
arbitrarily (AWB-FRAME). For manual correction, the
FINE command should be executed. The white balance
can be set finely per sensor tap. Therefore, a fine
adjustment should be made if the color difference
between sensor taps cannot be adjusted completely by
AWB.
Functions
command
param
WHITEBALANCEAUTO (AWB)
0
Manual correction
1
One-push AWB
AWB-FRAMEHIGHLIGHT
0
Detection frame is hidden
1
Detection frame is
displayed
command
1. LUT off
2. Reverse
4. 5-point
interpolation
5. Arbitrary setting
3. Binarization
Setting
param
Setting
RGAIN-FINE
256 (×1) to 4095
Red gain
GGAIN-FINE
256 (×1) to 4095
Green gain
BGAIN-FINE
256 (×1) to 4095
Blue gain
For reference
If the color offset between the left and right sensor taps
cannot be cleared through fine adjustment using the
FINE command, adjustment of the black level may
work. Set the R, G, and B FINE levels to ×1 (256), align
the black levels, and then use the FINE command to
make fine adjustments. This tends to occur in low
temperature environments and when analog gain is set
high.
Binarization
The binarization threshold can be changed.
command
BINARIZATION
param
0 to 2047 to 4095
5-point interpolation
The values of output points 1 through 5 that correspond
to input points 1 through 5 can be changed. Linear
interpolation is performed between interpolation points.
command
param1
param2
param3
LINEARINTERPOLATION
1 to 5
0 to 4095
0 to 4095
Setting example:
Output
LUT
Five types of presets are provided. Specify using a 12 bit
value. Binarization, 5-point interpolation, and arbitrary
setting can be changed.
Input
32
command
param
LUT-FORMAT
0
LUT off (γ=1)
1
Reverse
2
Binarization
3
5-point interpolation
4
Arbitrary setting
White Balance
Setting
>LINEAR-INTERPOLATION 1 240 200
>LINEAR-INTERPOLATION 2 900 400
>LINEAR-INTERPOLATION 3 2047 3000
>LINEAR-INTERPOLATION 4 3000 3200
>LINEAR-INTERPOLATION 5 3800 3900
>LINEAR-INTERPOLATION-BUILD
>LUT-FORMAT 3
Arbitrary setting
The output values 0 through 4095 that correspond to
input values 0 through 4095 can be changed.
command
param1
param2
LUT
0 to 4095
0 to 4095
Setting example:
>LUT 0 3
>LUT 1 10
>LUT 2 20
…
>LUT 4094 4000
>LUT 4095 4010
>LUT-FORMAT 3
3 × 3 filter
The nine filter parameters can be set from -8191 to 8191.
The parameter 256 is ×1.
Depending on the patterns of parameters, you can
reduce noise, apply edge enhancement and extract the
contour.
3 × 3 filter
Save LUT
command
When you change the settings, save them using the LUTSAVE command.
SP-FL
param
Functions
Monochrome model and color model apply a 3 × 3 area
filter for RAW output. The brightness of the central pixel
and the eight pixels around it, and the parameter of each
pixel are multiplied and added together, The result is the
brightness of the central pixels. Specify using values
between -8191 and 8191. The parameter 256 is ×1.
Setting
0
filter off
1
filter on
command
LUT-SAVE
Color Matrix Conversion
During RGB output, the following color matrix
conversion can be applied to the color model. Specify
using values between -8191 and 8191. 256 is ×1.
command
CR-TF
param
Setting
0
Conversion off
1
Conversion on
command
param1
param2
Setting
CR-TF-VAL
00
-8191 to 256 to 8191
Gain00
01
-8191 to 0 to 8191
Gain01
02
-8191 to 0 to 8191
Gain02
10
-8191 to 0 to 8191
Gain10
11
-8191 to 256 to 8191
Gain11
12
-8191 to 0 to 8191
Gain12
20
-8191 to 0 to 8191
Gain20
21
-8191 to 0 to 8191
Gain21
22
-8191 to 256 to 8191
Gain22
command
param1
param2
Setting
SP-FL-VAL
00
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
upper left pixel
01
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
upper pixel
02
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
upper right pixel
10
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
left pixel
11
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
central pixel
12
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
right pixel
20
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
lower left pixel
21
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
lower pixel
22
-8191 ~ 8191
Parameter for the
lower right pixel
Test Chart Output
For monochrome model, monochrome chart can be set.
For color model, monochrome chart or color chart can
be set.
Color Matrix Conversion
33
command
param
TESTCHAR
T
0
Off
1
Monochrome chart
2
Color chart
GPO
Setting
GPO1, GPO2, and GPO3 outputs can be transmitted
from the DC IN connector 4th, 6th, and 9th pins,
respectively. After selecting a signal, the output polarity
should be determined by GPO-INVERTER. The strobe
control signal can be set separately for GPO1, GPO2,
and GPO3.
command
param1
param2
4/6/9
0
Exposure signal
1
Strobe control signal
2
LVAL signal
3
FVAL signal
4
Sensor readout
signal
5
Trigger through
signal
6
Pulse generation
signal
GPO-SRC
Functions
Monochrome
Color
Raw/Mono
R
G
B
7
User definition 1
(1)
0xF30
0x3FF
0x3FF
0x3FF
8
User definition 2
(2)
0xDC0
0x3FF
0x3FF
0
9
User definition 3
(3)
0xC80
0
0x3FF
0x3FF
(4)
0xA00
0
0x3FF
0
(5)
0x7A0
0x3FF
0
0x3FF
(6)
0x550
0x3FF
0
0
(7)
0x340
0
0
0x3FF
GPIO
GPI
The value can be checked by detecting the signals input
to the DC IN connector 7th, 10th, and 11th using the GPI
command. Since all pins are pulled up, 1 (Hi level) is
returned if they are opened.
command
GPI
GPIO
command
param
Setting
GPO-INVERTER
0
Without signal inversion
1
With signal inversion
Setting example:
LVAL signal is output to GPO2 (DC IN connector 6th
pin), Hi active setting (Hi is enabled)
>GPO-SRC 6 2
>GPO-INVERTER 6 0
* 12 bit notation
34
Setting
param
7/10/11
GPO output system diagram (example of
GPO1)
Trigger signal
Exposure
Sensor output
Trigger through signal
Exposure signal
Functions
Sensor readout signal
LVAL
GPO1
(DC IN connector #4)
FVAL
Pulse train generator
Strobe control signal
(GPO1)
USER-OUTPUT 1
USER-OUTPUT 2
USER-OUTPUT 3
GPO-SRC 4
GPO-INVERTER 4
Factory Setting
The following chart shows the factory setting for GPO1
(DC IN connector No.4). User-defined 1 is also set to
GPO2 and GPO3 (Hi output).
GPO1 (DC IN
connector #4)
USER-OUTPUT 1 0
GPO-SRC 4 7
GPO-INVERTER 4 1
GPIO
35
Pulse Train Generator
Defect Correction
Pulse waveforms can be output from the GPO1/2/3
connector. Available range is 0.5Hz to 100kHz.
It corrects clear defect points and opaque defect points
which increase under the high/low temperature or when
exposed for a long time (seconds). From the peripheral
pixels, correction is performed on coordinate pixels in
which defects are detected. Factory setting and user
setting can be selected.
command
param
PULSE-DUTY
1 to 2000000 [µs]
PULSE-CYCLE
10 to 2000000 [µs]
command
DEFECTCORRECTION
param
Setting
0
Correction off
1
Correction on
Functions
Defect correction setup procedure
1
Set conditions in which clear defect points are
prone to occur. Below is an example in which gain
is 18 dB and the shutter is 1 second. Prevent as
much light as possible from entering such as by
blocking light.
>GAIN 18
>EXP 1000000
2
Set the threshold in units of 14 bits. Points are
detected as clear defect points when this level is
exceeded. Below is an example for 3200 step/14bit.
Pixels that indicate 3200 to 16383 are detected.
>DEFECT-THRESHOLD 3200
3
Execute clear defect point detection. Detection
takes four times the EXP time setting. The output
levels on the same x coordinate axis are shown
below. The levels uniformly indicate around 1000
steps when an all-black image is taken, but defect
pixels (at high levels) are present in some locations.
All pixels whose levels exceed 3200 steps, which
was set in step 2, are detected.
>DEFECT-DETECTION 1
Status LED
LED on the rear panel lights up according to the output
specification set for GPO1/2/3 connector. Various
settings are possible such as assigning the trigger signal
and pulse train generator. The setting is saved
immediately and reflected at the next startup.
command
param
LED-MODE
0
Off
Setting
1
On
2
GPO1 setting
3
GPO2 setting
4
GPO3 setting
Temperature Readout
Function
The camera’s internal temperature can be read from the
temperature sensor installed in the circuit board. Its
accuracy is ±2°C. Use this value as a general guide.
command
TEMPERATURE
36
Pulse Train Generator
Pixels that
are
detected
Defect pixel
Pixels that
are not
detected
4
Execute opaque defect point detection. Like the
clear defect point detection, set the image pickup
conditions and the threshold in units of 14 bits.
Below is an example for 10000 step/14bit. Pixels
that indicate 0 to 10000 steps are detected. If are not
setting opaque defect points, you can skip this step.
>DEFECT-THRESHOLD 10000
>DEFECT-DETECTION 2
Pixels that
are not
detected
Defect pixel
Depending on the characteristics of the lens, shadings
caused by a drop in the amount of light around the lens,
or light source variation, are corrected. The three
patterns can be saved as the user settings.
Shading Correction has two modes. In peak detection
mode, you can adjust the screen to brightest level. In
average detection mode, you can adjust the whole screen
to its average brightness.
command
SHADINGDETECTION
command
5
Select the data for applying defect correction. To
apply the pixels detected in steps 3 and 4, select 2.
To apply factory settings, select 0. To apply values
that have been saved, select 1.
>DEFECT-PATTERN-LOAD 2
command
DEFECTPATTERNLOAD
param
Setting
0
Factory setting
1
User setting
2
Data detected using
DEFECT-DETECTION
6
Turn on defect detection correction.
>DEFECT-CORRECTION 1
7
Save the settings. To repeat defect detection
without saving, repeat steps 1 to 6.
>DEFECT-PATTERN-SAVE
SHADINGCORRECTION
command
SHADINGPATTERN-SAVE
command
SHADINGPATTERN-SAVE
param
Function
1
Start detection (peak
detection)
2
Start detection
(average detection)
param
Function
0
Correction off
1
Correction on
param
0~2
param
0~2
Functions
Pixels that
are
detected
Shading Correction
Function
Save shading data
Function
Read shading data
Note
The upper limit of defect detection points is 2047 for
clear and opaque defect points combined. Correction
cannot be performed over the upper limit. The detected
defect points can be confirmed using DEFECTDETECTION-RESULT. If the upper limit is exceeded,
defect detection will fail or abnormal defect detection
will occur and RESULT will be -1.
Shading Correction
37
Shading detection setup procedure
1
As shown in the figure below, assume an
environment in which the brightness is not uniform
due to an uneven light source. Shading correction
adjusts the brightness levels taking the brightest
level to be the target level.
Fix the lens and lighting conditions.
Camera
4
Determine the effect of shading correction
>SHADING-CORRECTION 1
>SHADING-PATTERN-LOAD 2
Parameter 2 is available only after detecting an
operation, and will not be available when the power
is off.
5
Save the shading data
>SHADING-PATTERN-SAVE 0
6
Readout the saved pattern
>SHADING-PATTERN-LOAD 0
Light source
Note
Functions
Keep the trigger mode off when doing the shading
detection. Reset the camera once if the shading
correction cannot be finished.
A colorless and uniform
photographic subject
Correction
Brightest area
= target level
Peak detection mode:
The whole object tends to become brighter.
2
Adjust the exposure time and other parameters so
that the target level is about 50%. On color cameras,
adjust the white balance.
Average detection mode:
The bright parts of the object may darken.
3
38
Execute shading detection.
>SHADING-DETECTION 1
Read the Status to determine whether the
calculation is finished.
>SHADING-DETECTION
1 (running)
2 (finished)
Return to 0 when finished.
Shading Correction
Sensitivity Control
command
param
Setting
0
Sensitivity adjustment off
1
Sensitivity adjustment on
command
param
Setting
VSUB-EXTERNAL
0 to 127
VSUBEXTERNALMODE
Sensitivity adjustment
value
User Set
Main set values can be saved to the channels 1 to 16 of
USERSET. Refer to “Command List” (page 42) for
items to be saved. The factory setting is saved to channel
0, which cannot be overwritten.
Setting example (1):
Shutter 3 ms, Gain 3 dB, FVAL signal is output to
GPO3 connector (This setting is saved to the channel
1.)
>EXPOSURE 3000
>GAIN 3
>GPO 9 3
>USERSET-SAVE 1
param
31 characters of your choice
User set memory
This is one of the items to be saved in the user set
channel. Signed 32-bit numbers are assigned to slots 0 to
15.
Configuration diagram of user set
Factory setting
Functions
The VSUB (substrate bias voltage) in the CCD can be
changed*1. VSUB adjustment allows you to change the
Qs (saturation signal charge) value. Increasing the
VSUB has the effect of improving the sensitivity*2.
Therefore, when capturing a dark image but the
exposure time cannot be extended, this has the effect of
improving the image quality. On the other hand,
decreasing the VSUB has the effect of reducing image
smearing. The factory setting is adjusted to the optimal
value. The default value is factory-adjusted on each
XCL-C500/C before shipment.
*1 Not including XCL-C130 and XCL-C130C
*2 If Qs exceeds the maximum signal charge amount
that can be transferred vertically and horizontally, a
transfer error will occur, resulting in image smearing,
etc.
command
USERSET-NAME
Free Memory
Signed 32-bit numbers can be saved and loaded to 8192
areas.
command
FREE-MEMORY
param1
param2
0 to 8191
31
-2
to 231 - 1
User ID
User IDs are unique names that can be assigned to
cameras. A string that is 15 characters long can be
assigned.
command
USER-ID
param
15 characters of your choice
Setting example (2):
The user set saved in the channel 2 is loaded.
>USERSET-LOAD 2
User set name
Strings that are 31 characters long can be assigned to
channels 0 to 16. For example, you can assign names
such as “setting1” and “setting2” in accordance with the
settings.
Sensitivity Control
39
Saving and Startup
Help Command
The startup setting can be determined by USERSETDEFAULT. This is also used to check which user set
settings are currently being used.
To display the command list, execute HELP. To display
the details of a command, add HELP in front of the
command and execute.
Usage example:
Startup with the setting saved in the user set channel 3.
>USERSET-DEFAULT 3
(Restart or RESET command)
Setting example:
Check about GAIN.
>HELP GAIN
GAIN:
Controls the analog gain (in dB).
This can take the value in following range:
min:0, max:18, step:1
OK
Functions
Check which user set settings are the current settings.
>USERSET-DEFAULT
0
OK
Echo off
Initializing
In the user settings, all settings, such as unsaved baud
rate settings can be returned to the factory defaults. For
details on initialized items, refer to “Command List”
(page 42).
Echo back of the command is not available.
Set to echo off when you want to speed up the
communication response.
command
param
ECHO
command
FACTORY-DEFAULT
Camera Information
The model name of a camera or its firmware information
can be read out.
command
VENDOR
MODEL
VERSION
ID
MANUFACTURER
40
Saving and Startup
Read out items
Manufacture name (SONY)
Model name
Firmware version
Serial number
Data for service
Restart
The camera is rebooted.
command
RESET
Function
0
Excluding echo back
1
Including echo back
Camera Control Commands
Command Form
When inputting commands, separate a command and a parameter by a space, and press [Enter] to confirm. Upper/lower
case characters are not distinguished. Input format and an input example are shown below.
Input format:
Command Param1 param2 param3 Param4 [Enter]
Input example:
ROI 640 480 8 6 <CR>
Command Input and Response
Camera Control Commands
Camera echoes back against characters (alphabetic, numeric), space, backspace and Enter; otherwise, other invalid
characters are ignored. When a command is successfully completed, the status will be echoed.
Input: Gain 6<CR>
Output: OK<CR>
Status
Explanation (Example)
OK
Successfully completed
ERROR: Invalid argument number.
The argument number of the parameter is invalid.
(Width 100 100)
ERROR: Invalid parameter.
The parameter is invalid.
(Width abc)
ERROR: Not implemented.
The command is not supported.
(Vbin of a color camera)
ERROR: Access denied.
Commands are limited.
(A trigger mode related command is controlled by SP-TRG-MODE=1.)
ERROR: Busy
The command cannot be received.
SYNTAX ERROR!
The command is not correct.
(Widtt 100)
Command Form
41
42
Command List
1
0/1/2/3/4
LED-MODE
0 ~ 127
–
–
1/2
16 ~ : Width
16 ~
2~
VSUB-EXTERNAL*1
SENSOR-WIDTH
SENSOR-HEIGHT
SENSOR-TAP*1
ROI*1
WIDTH*1
HEIGHT*1
0/1
9600 / 14400 / 19200 /
38400 / 57600 / 115200
BAUDRATE
VSUB-EXTERNAL-MODE*
–
–
–
USER-ID-DELETE
TEMPERATURE
15 characters
USER-ID
RESET
–
–
ID
–
MANUFACTURER
VERSION
–
–
MODEL
Parameter 1
–
–
–
–
2 ~ : Height
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 3
–
–
0 ~ : OffsetX
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 2
Parameter 4
–
–
0 ~ : OffsetY
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
This item is initialized if a Factory-Default command is executed.
Command
This item is initialized if a reset or reboot command is executed.
Reset
This item is set with the Userset-load command.
UserSet
FactoryDefault
This item is set in the special trigger mode.
SpecialTrigger
This item is saved in the user set from 1-16.
UserSet
VENDOR
Reset
Load
This item is saved in a different area to the user set.
Camera
Camera Control Commands
Save
–
Camera
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
–
–
a
a
–
a
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
UserSet
Save
UserSet
SpecialTrigger
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
–
–
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Load
FactoryDefault
Reset
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
–
–
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
Reset
Command List
0/1/2
62500 ~ *2
0/1
TESTCHART
FRAMERATE*1
FRAMERATE-AUTO
0/1
0/1
TRIGGER-SOFTWARE / TRG-SOFT
TRIGGER-RANGE / TRG-RANGE
0/1
TRIGGER-CONTROL / TRG-CTRL
0 ~ 4000000
0/1
TRIGGER-SHIFT / TRG-SHIFT
TRIGGER-DELAY / TRG-DLY
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0/1
0/1
TRIGGER-POLARITY / TRG-POL
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
TRIGGER-INHIBIT / TRG-INH
0/1
0/1
SPECIAL-TRIGGER-POLARITY
/ SP-TRG-POL
0 / 7 / 10 / 11 / 20 /
101 / 102 / 103 / 104
0 / 7 / 10 / 11 / 20 /
101 / 102 / 103 / 104
SPECIAL-TRIGGER-SOURCE
/ SP-TRG-SRC
TRIGGER-SOURCE / TRG-SRC
1 ~ 2 ~ 16
SPECIAL-TRIGGER-FRAMECOUNT
/ SP-TRG-F-CNT
TRIGGER-MODE / TRG-MODE
0/1/2
SPECIAL-TRIGGER-MODE
/ SP-TRG-MODE
FRAMERATE-ACTUAL
1/2
CAMERALINK-TAP
–
–
–
1/2
–
8 / 10 / 12 / 24
1/2
HBINNING / HBIN
–
–
PIXEL-DEPTH
0~
OFFSETY*1
Parameter 1
VBINNING / VBIN
0~
Command
OFFSETX*1
Parameter 2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 3
Camera Control Commands
Command List
43
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 4
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
a
–
–
–
a
a
a
–
–
–
a
–
–
a
a
–
–
a
a
a
a
–
a
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
a
–
a
–
UserSet
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
Load
a
a
a
SpecialTrigger
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
UserSet
Save
Camera
–
Reset
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
a
–
–
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
Reset
FactoryDefault
Command List
–
–
0 ~ 18
0 ~ 502
0/1/2
GAIN
GAIN-TAP1
GAIN-TAP2
GAIN-FINE
GAIN-FINE-TAP1
GAIN-FINE-TAP2
GAIN-AUTO / AGC
–
–
–
–
–
0/1
– (0 : Reset)
USER-OUTPUT
0 ~ 100 ~ 4000
FRAME-COUNTER
1/2/3
STROBE-DELAY / STRB-DLY
1 ~ 256 ~ 4000
– (0 : Reset)
4/6/9
STROBE-TIME / STRB-TIME
Parameter 2
0/1/2/3/4/
5/6/7/8/9
–
TRIGGER-COUNTER / TRG-CNT
4/6/9
GPO-SOURCE / GPO-SRC
10 ~ 1000000 ~ 2000000
4/6/9
GPI
0/1
1 ~ 500000 ~ 2000000
7 / 10 / 11
GPO-INVERTER / GPO-INV
–
PULSE-DUTY
4/6/9
EXPOSURE-AUTO-LOWERLIMIT
/ AE-LOWER
–
PULSE-CYCLE
10 ~ 2000000
EXPOSURE-AUTO-UPPERLIMIT
/ AE-UPPER*1
–
1 ~ 192 ~ 256
10 ~ 2000000
EXPOSURE-AUTO-SPEED / AE-SPEED
–
0/1/2
–
–
–
–
EXPOSURE-AUTO / AE
10 ~ 2000000
0/1
EXPOSURE-MODE / EXP-MODE
EXPOSURE /
10 ~ 2000000
TRIGGER-RANGE-LOWERLIMIT
/ TRG-RANGE-LOWER
EXP*1
10 ~ 2000000
Parameter 1
TRIGGER-RANGE-UPPERLIMIT
/ TRG-RANGE-UPPER
Command
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 3
Camera Control Commands
44
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
–
–
a
a
a
–
a
a
–
–
a
a
a
–
–
a
a
–
–
a
–
a
a
a
–
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
UserSet
a
Camera
–
SpecialTrigger
Load
UserSet
Save
Reset
a
a
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Reset
FactoryDefault
–
0 ~ 18
0 ~ 18
0/1
GAIN-AUTO-UPPERLIMIT
/ AGC-UPPER
GAIN-AUTO-LOWERLIMIT
/ AGC-LOWER
GAIN-AUTO-FRAME-HIGHLIGHT
/ AGC-FRAME-HIGHLIGHT
–
–
–
–
–
–
1 ~ 50 ~ 100
0 ~ 25 ~ 99
0 ~ 25 ~ 99
256 ~ *2 ~ 4095
256 ~ *2 ~ 4095
256 ~ *2 ~ 4095
0 : Off
1 : On
0 : Off
1 : On
GAIN-AUTO-OFFSETX / AGC-OFFSETX
GAIN-AUTO-OFFSETY / AGC-OFFSETY
GAIN-RED-FINE / RGAIN-FINE
GAIN-RED-FINE-TAP1
/ RGAIN-FINE-TAP1
GAIN-RED-FINE-TAP2
/ RGAIN-FINE-TAP2
GAIN-GREEN-FINE / GGAIN-FINE
GAIN-GREEN-FINE-TAP1
/ GGAIN-FINE-TAP1
GAIN-GREEN-FINE-TAP2
/ GGAIN-FINE-TAP2
GAIN-BLUE-FINE / BGAIN-FINE
GAIN-BLUE-FINE-TAP1
/ BGAIN-FINE-TAP1
GAIN-BLUE-FINE-TAP2
/ BGAIN-FINE-TAP2
WHITEBALANCE-AUTO / AWB
WHITEBALANCE-FRAME-HIGHLIGHT
/ AWB-FRAME-HIGHLIGHT
–
–
–
GAIN-AUTO-HEIGHT / AGC-HEIGHT
Parameter 2
1 ~ 50 ~ 100 : Height
1 ~ 50 ~ 100 : Width
1 ~ 50 ~ 100
GAIN-AUTO-FRAME / AGC-FRAME
GAIN-AUTO-WIDTH / AGC-WIDTH
–
–
–
1 ~ 256
–
GAIN-AUTO-SPEED / AGC-SPEED
Parameter 1
0 ~ 11264 ~ 16383
Command
GAIN-AUTO-LEVEL / AGC-LEVEL
Parameter 3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 ~ 25 ~ 99 : OffsetX
–
–
–
–
–
Camera Control Commands
Command List
45
Parameter 4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 ~ 25 ~ 99 : OffsetY
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
a
a
–
a
–
–
a
–
a
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
Load
UserSet
–
SpecialTrigger
a
UserSet
Save
Camera
–
Reset
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
Reset
FactoryDefault
Command List
0 ~ 4095 : Index
–
0 ~ 2047 ~ 4095
0 ~ 16
1 ~ 16
–
0 ~ 16
31 characters
LUT
LUT-SAVE
BINARIZATION
USERSET-LOAD
USERSET-SAVE
FACTORY-DEFAULT
USERSET-DEFAULT
USERSET-NAME
1 ~ 512 ~ 16383
BLACKLEVEL-AUTO-BALANCE-LIMIT
/ BL-AB-LIMIT
–
0/1/2
BLACKLEVEL-AUTO-BALANCE
/ BL-AB
LINEAR-INTERPOLATION-BUILD
–
-255 ~ 0 ~ +255
BLACKLEVEL-ADJUST-TAP1
/ BL-ADJ-1
BLACKLEVEL-ADJUST-TAP2
/ BL-ADJ-2
0/1/2/3/4
~ 2047
BLACKLEVEL / BL*1
1 ~ 5 : point
–
0 ~ 25 ~ 99
WHITEBALANCE-FRAME-OFFSETY
/ AWB-OFFSETY
LUT-FORMAT
–
0 ~ 25 ~ 99
WHITEBALANCE-FRAME-OFFSETX
/ AWB-OFFSETX
LINEAR-INTERPOLATION
–
1 ~ 50 ~ 100
WHITEBALANCE-FRAME-HEIGHT
/ AWB-HEIGHT
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 ~ 4095 : Value
–
0 ~ 4095 : In Value
–
–
–
–
–
1 ~ 50 ~ 100
WHITEBALANCE-FRAME-WIDTH
/ AWB-WIDTH
Parameter 2
1 ~ 50 ~ 100 : Height
1 ~ 50 ~ 100 : Width
Parameter 1
WHITEBALANCE-FRAME
/ AWB-FRAME
Command
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 ~ 4095 : Out Value
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 ~ 25 ~ 99 : OffsetX
Parameter 3
Camera Control Commands
46
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 ~ 25 ~ 99 : OffsetY
Parameter 4
–
a
a
a
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
a
–
a
a
–
a
a
–
a
a
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
UserSet
a
Camera
–
SpecialTrigger
Load
UserSet
Save
Reset
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
a
–
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
Reset
FactoryDefault
–
-8191 ~ +8191
–
–
0/1
00 / 01 / 02 /
10 / 11 / 12 /
20 / 21 / 22
0/1
00 / 01 / 02 /
10 / 11 / 12 /
20 / 21 / 22
0/1
0/1
0/1/2/3
0/1/2
COLOR-TRANSFORMATION-VALUE
/ CR-TF-VAL
SPATIAL-FILTER/SP-FL
SPATIAL-FILTER-VALUE/SP-FL-VAL
SHADING-CORRECTION
SHADING-DETECTION
SHADING-PATTERN-LOAD
SHADING-PATTERN-SAVE
0 ~ 8192 ~ 16383
-1 ~ 0 ~ 2047
0 ~ (32Kbyte / 4) : Index
0 ~ 8191 : Index
–
1/2/3
0/1
– (Each command)
DEFECT-THRESHOLD
DEFECT-DETECTION-RESULT
FREE-MEMORY
FREE-MEMORY-READ
FREE-MEMORY-SAVE
VISIBILITY
ECHO
HELP
For the factory setting, refer to the Parameter List (page 48).
The factory setting differs for each camera.
–
–
DEFECT-PATTERN-SAVE
*1
*2
–
0/1/2
DEFECT-PATTERN-LOAD
–
–
–
–
1 ~ (8192 - Index) : Size
0 : Value
–
–
–
–
0/1
0/1/2
DEFECT-CORRECTION
DEFECT-DETECTION
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
-8191 ~ +8191
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0 : Value
COLOR-TRANSFORMATION / CR-TF
Parameter 2
0 ~ 15 : Index
–
USERSET-MEMORY
Parameter 1
–
Command
USERSET-NAME-DELETE
Parameter 3
Camera Control Commands
Command List
47
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Parameter 4
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
a
–
–
–
–
a
a
a
a
a
–
a
a
a
–
–
UserSet
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
a
–
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
Load
SpecialTrigger
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
UserSet
Save
Camera
–
Reset
–
–
–
a
–
–
a
–
a
–
a
–
a
–
a
–
a
–
a
a
a
a
a
a
–
–
–
–
–
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Reset
FactoryDefault
48
16 ~ 640 ~ 658
2 ~ 480 ~ 494
0 ~ 8 ~ (658 - Width)
0 ~ 6 ~ (494 - Height)
16 ~ 640 ~ 658
2 ~ 480 ~ 494
1: 1 ch
16 ~ 640 ~ 658
2 ~ 480 ~ 494
0 ~ 8 ~ (658 - Width)
0 ~ 6 ~ (494 - Height)
16 ~ 640 ~ 658
2 ~ 480 ~ 494
SENSOR-TAP
Parameter List
Width
Height
OffsetX
OffsetY
ROI
Width
Height
62500 ~ 104000000 ~*2
10 ~ 9593 ~ 2000000
10 ~ 9593 ~ 2000000
0 ~ 1023 ~ 2047
62500 ~ 130000000 ~ *2
10 ~ 7674 ~ 2000000
10 ~ 7674 ~ 2000000
0 ~ 1023 ~ 2047
FRAMERATE
EXP
AE-UPPER
BLACKLEVEL
The factory setting differs for each camera.
The upper limit depends on the partial scan setting.
0 ~ 6 ~ (494 - Height)
*1
*2
0 ~ 8 ~ (658 - Width)
0 ~ 8 ~ (658 - Width)
0 ~ 6 ~ (494 - Height)
OffsetX
OffsetY
1: 1 ch
76
80
VSUB-EXTERNAL
0 : Off
1 : On
0: Off
1: On
VSUB-EXTERNAL-MODE
XCL-C32/C
0 ~ 1023 ~ 2047
10 ~ 32169 ~ 2000000
10 ~ 32169 ~ 2000000
62500 ~ 31000000 ~ *2
0 ~ 2 ~ (966 - Height)
0 ~ 8 ~ (1296 - Width)
2 ~ 960 ~ 966
16 ~ 1280 ~ 1296
0 ~ 2 ~ (966 - Height)
0 ~ 8 ~ (1296 - Width)
2 ~ 960 ~ 966
16 ~ 1280 ~ 1296
1: 1 ch
–
0 : Off
XCL-C130/C
*1 ~ 960 ~ 2047
10 ~ 37880 ~ 2000000
10 ~ 37880 ~ 2000000
62500 ~ 26000000 ~ *2
0 ~ 10 ~ (1460 - Height)
0 ~ 10 ~ (1940 - Width)
2 ~ 1440 ~ 1460
16 ~ 1920 ~ 1940
0 ~ 10 ~ (1460 - Height)
0 ~ 10 ~ (1940 - Width)
2 ~ 1440 ~ 1460
16 ~ 1920 ~ 1940
1: 1 ch
2: 2 ch
81
0 : Off
1 : On
XCL-C280/C
Camera Control Commands
XCL-C30/C
*1 ~ 960 ~ 2047
10 ~ 64825 ~ 2000000
10 ~ 64825 ~ 2000000
62500 ~ 150000000 ~ *2
0 ~ 4 ~ (2058 - Height)
0 ~ 4 ~ (2456 - Width)
480 ~ 2048 ~ 2058
16 ~ 2448 ~ 2456
0 ~ 4 ~ (2058 - Height)
0 ~ 4 ~ (2456 - Width)
480 ~ 2048 ~ 2058
16 ~ 2448 ~ 2456
2 : 2 ch
*1
1 : On
XCL-C500/C
Parameter List
Specifications
Specifications
Pickup device
Specifications
Specifications
Progressive scan CCD
XCL-C30/C30C/C130/C130C:
1/3 type
XCL-C32/C32C: 1/2 type
XCL-C280/C280C: 1/1.8 type
XCL-C500/C500C: 2/3 type
Standard video output size (horizontal/vertical)
XCL-C30/C30C/C32/C32C: 640×480
XCL-C130/C130C: 1,280×960
XCL-C280/C280C: 1,920×1,440
XCL-C500/C500C: 2,448×2,048
Frame rate
XCL-C30/C30C: 130 fps
XCL-C32/C32C: 104 fps
XCL-C130/C130C: 31 fps
XCL-C280/C280C: 26 fps
XCL-C500/C500C: 15 fps
Lens mount
C-mount
Flange focal length
17.526 mm
Video output signal
XCL-C30/C32/C130/C280/C500:
Mono 8 bits (default setting)/10 bits/
12 bits
XCL-C30C/C32C/C130C/C280C/
C500C:
Raw 8 bits (default setting)/10 bits/
12 bits, RGB 24 bits
Reference video output level
235 steps (8 bits)/3760 steps (12
bits)
Reference pedestal level
XCL-C30/C30C/C32/C32C/C130/
C130C:
16 steps (8 bits)/256 steps (12 bits)
XCL-C280/C280C/C500/C500C:
15steps (8 bits)/240 steps (12 bits)
Range of guarantee video output
XCL-C30/C30C/C32/C32C/C130/
C130C:
16 – 243 steps (8 bits)/256 – 3900
steps (12 bits)
XCL-C280/C280C/C500/C500C:
15 – 243steps (8 bits)/240 – 3900
steps (12 bits)
Range of color temperature for white balance (color
camera only)
XCL-C30C/C32C/C130C/C280C/
C500C:
2,400 K ~ 9,000 K
Minimum illumination
XCL-C30:
1.5 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4,
shutter speed at 1/90 sec)
XCL-C32:
1.0 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4,
shutter speed at 1/60 sec)
XCL-C130/C280/C500:
0.5 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4)
XCL-C30C:
15 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4,
shutter speed at 1/90 sec)
XCL-C32C/C130C:
12 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4)
(only when shutter speed at 1/60 sec
for XCL-C32C)
XCL-C280C:
10 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4)
XCL-C500C:
8 lx (gain control at +18 dB, F1.4)
Sensitivity
XCL-C30/C32/C130/C280:
F5.6 (gain control at 0 dB, 400 lx)
(only when shutter speed at 1/90 sec
for XCL-C30, 1/60 sec for XCLC32)
XCL-C500:
F8 (with gain control at 0 dB,
400 lx)
XCL-C30C/C32C/C130C/C280C:
F5.6 (gain control at 0 dB, 2,000 lx)
(only when shutter speed at 1/90 sec
for XCL-C30C, 1/60 sec for XCLC32C)
XCL-C500C:
F8 (gain control at 0 dB, 2,000 lx)
Gain
0 dB ~ 18 dB, Auto gain
Shutter speed 1/100,000sec to 2sec, automatic
shutter
Gamma
γ=1 (Changeable by LUT)
Binning
XCL-C30/C32/C130/C280/C500:
2×1, 1×2, 2×2
XCL-C30C/C32C/C130C/C280C/
C500C:
Not included
External trigger pulse condition
pulse width: Between 10µs and 2s
amplitude: DC 2 V - 24 V (DC IN
connector)
External power DC 12 V (10.5 V - 15 V: DC IN
connector/10 V - 13 V: DIGITAL IF
connector)
Power consumption (DC 12 V input)
XCL-C30/C30C/C32/C32C: 2.8 W
XCL-C130/C130C: 2.4 W
XCL-C280/C280C: 3.0 W
XCL-C500/C500C: 3.2 W
49
Specifications
Spectral Sensitivity
Characteristics (Typical
Values)
XCL-C30
1.0
0.9
0.8
Relative Response
Usable cable length (DIGITAL IF cable)
XCL-C30/C30C/C32/C32C/C130/
C130C:
1TAP output: 7 m/2TAP output:
14 m
XCL-C280/C280C/C500/C500C:
1TAP output: 5 m/2TAP output:
10 m
Performance guarantee temperature
0 °C to 40 °C (32 °F to 104 °F)
Operating temperature
–5 °C to +45 °C (23 °F to 113 °F)
Storage temperature
–30 °C to +60 °C (–22 °F to 140 °F)
Operating relative humidity
20% to 80% (no condensation)
Storage relative humidity
20% to 95% (no condensation)
MTBF
About 7.9 years
Vibration resistance
10 G (20 Hz to 200 Hz)
Shock resistance70 G
External dimension (w/h/d)
29 × 29 × 30 mm (1 3/16 × 1 3/16 ×
1 3/16 inches) (excluding protrusions)
Mass
About 56 g (1.9 oz)
Accessories
Lens mount cap (1)
Operating Instructions (1)
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
400
XCL-C32
Design and specifications are subject to change without
notice.
IMPORTANT
The nameplate is located on the bottom.
XCL-C130
50
Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values)
500
600
700
800
Wave Length [nm]
900
1000
XCL-C130C
XCL-C500
XCL-C280C
XCL-C30C
XCL-C500C
Specifications
XCL-C280
XCL-C32C
Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values)
51
Dimensions
2-M2 Depth 3
Specifications
4-M2 Depth 3
3-M2 Depth 3
Unit: mm (inches)
52
Dimensions
Sony reserves the right to change specifications of the products and discontinue products without notice.
Technical information contained herein is for reference only and does not convey any license by any implication or
otherwise under any intellectual property right or other right of Sony or third parties.
Sony cannot assume responsibility for any right infringements arising out of the use of this information.
Sony Corporation
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