IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices

IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
January 22, 2015
IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Note
Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in “Notices” on page 143.
IBM Digital Marketing and Analytics is the new generation of IBM Coremetrics® products. See this table for details
on new product naming.
Previous Product Name
New Product Name
IBM Coremetrics AdTarget
IBM AdTarget
IBM Coremetrics Benchmark
IBM Digital Analytics Benchmark
IBM Coremetrics Enterprise Analytics
IBM Digital Analytics Multisite
IBM Coremetrics Explore
IBM Digital Analytics Explore
IBM Coremetrics Import
IBM Digital Analytics Import
IBM Coremetrics Export
IBM Digital Analytics Export
IBM Coremetrics Intelligent Offer
IBM Digital Recommendations
IBM Coremetrics Lifecycle
IBM Digital Analytics Lifecycle
IBM Coremetrics LIVEmail
IBM LIVEmail
IBM Coremetrics Monitor
IBM Digital Analytics Monitor
IBM Coremetrics Search Marketing
IBM Search Marketing
IBM Coremetrics Social Analytics
IBM Digital Analytics for Social Media
IBM Coremetrics Tag Manager
IBM Digital Data Exchange
IBM Coremetrics Web Analytics
IBM Digital Analytics
The documentation distributed with the IBM Digital Analytics products is confidential and proprietary to IBM and
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specific provisions of any such confidentiality agreement, the parties hereby agree to treat the referenced
documentation as the confidential information of IBM and further agree not to distribute such documentation to
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parties pertaining to such products.
Licensed Materials - Property of IBM
© Copyright IBM Corporation 2000, 2015.
US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract
with IBM Corp.
Contents
Chapter 1. IBM Digital Analytics
overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
System requirements.
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Chapter 2. Top Line Metrics report . . . 3
Top Line Metrics KPIs . . . . . . . .
Displaying real-time data in Top Line Metrics
Supported metrics for real-time reporting .
Top Line Metrics report use case. . . . .
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reports
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Chapter 3. Top Line Metrics Insights
report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Top Line Metrics Insights report use case .
Chapter 4. Insights reports
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Marketing Program Insights report . . . . . . . 9
Product Insights report . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Page Insights report . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Chapter 5. Marketing reports . . . . . 13
Marketing attribution reports . . . . . . . .
Channel Attribution report . . . . . . . .
Channel Venn report . . . . . . . . . .
Channel Stream . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visitor Journey report . . . . . . . . . .
Marketing Channels report . . . . . . . . .
Marketing Channels: Key performance indicators
Examples: Marketing Channels data analysis . .
Marketing Channels report use case . . . . .
Marketing Programs report . . . . . . . . .
Marketing Programs: Key performance indicators
Digital Analytics cm_mmc parameter . . . . .
Marketing attribution window metrics . . . .
Marketing zoom reports . . . . . . . . .
Natural Search report . . . . . . . . . . .
Natural Search report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Natural Search data analysis . . . .
Natural Search report use case . . . . . . .
Referring Sites report . . . . . . . . . . .
Referring Sites report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Referring Sites use case . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 6. Product reports . . . . . . 43
Product Categories report . . . . . . .
Product Categories report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product Categories report: Common options
views . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Product Categories data analysis
Example Product categories . . . . . .
Troubleshooting products listed under No
Category Assigned . . . . . . . . .
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
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Product Categories use case . . . . . . .
Booking Categories report . . . . . . . .
Booking Categories: Key performance indicators
Examples: Booking Categories data analysis .
Booking Categories use case . . . . . . .
Top Products report . . . . . . . . . .
Top Products: Key performance indicators . .
Examples: Top Products data analysis . . .
Top Browsed Properties (Travel) report . . . .
Top Browsed Properties: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Top Browsed Properties data analysis
Top Browsed Properties use case . . . . .
Abandoned Products report . . . . . . . .
Abandoned Products report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example: Abandoned Products data analysis .
Abandoned Products use case . . . . . .
Abandoned Bookings report . . . . . . . .
Abandoned Bookings report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Abandoned Bookings report data
analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abandoned Bookings report use case . . . .
Cross Sold Products report . . . . . . . .
Cross Sold Products report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Cross Sold Products data analysis .
Cross Sold Products report use case . . . .
Common Applicants (Financial Services) report .
Common Applicants report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Common Applicants data analysis .
Common Applicants report use case . . . .
Cross Sold Properties (Travel) report . . . . .
Cross Sold Properties: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Cross Sold Properties data analysis .
Cross Sold Properties use case . . . . . .
Enterprise Products report . . . . . . .
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Chapter 7. Events report . . . . . . . 67
Events report: Key performance indicators .
Examples: Events data analysis . . . . .
Events report use case . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 8. Content reports . . . . . . 71
Page Categories report. . . . . . . . . . .
Page Categories report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Page Categories data analysis. . . .
Example Page categories . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting pages listed under No Category
Assigned . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page Categories use case . . . . . . . . .
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Top Pages report . . . . . . . . . . .
Top Pages report: Key performance indicators .
Top Pages report use case . . . . . . .
Exit Pages report . . . . . . . . . . .
Exit Pages report: Key performance indicators .
Exit Pages use case . . . . . . . . . .
Entry Pages report . . . . . . . . . . .
Entry Pages report: Key performance indicators
Entry Pages report use case . . . . . . .
Error Pages report . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Pages report: Key performance indicators
Examples: Error Pages report data analysis . .
Error Pages report use case . . . . . . .
On-Site Search report . . . . . . . . . .
On-Site Search report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
On-Site Search report use case . . . . . .
Real Estate report . . . . . . . . . . .
Real Estate report: Key performance indicators
Enabling Real Estate tracking . . . . . .
Impressions data in the Real Estate report . .
Examples: Real Estate report data analysis . .
Real Estate report use case . . . . . . .
Site Promotions report . . . . . . . . . .
Site Promotions report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling Site Promotion tracking . . . . .
Impressions data in the Site Promotions report
Examples: Site Promotions report data analysis
Site Promotions report use case . . . . . .
Elements report . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elements report: Key performance indicators .
Examples: Elements report data analysis. . .
Segmentation using Elements . . . . . .
Elements report use cases. . . . . . . .
Forms report . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forms report: Key performance indicators . .
Examples: Forms report data analysis. . . .
Forms report use case . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 9. Paths reports . . . . . . . 97
Session Event Funnel report . . . . . . . . . 97
Session Event Funnel report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Examples: Session Event Funnel report data
analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Session Event Funnel use case . . . . . . . 98
Session Purchase Funnel report . . . . . . . . 99
Session Purchase Funnel report: Key performance
indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Examples: Session Purchase Funnel data
analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Session Purchase Funnel report use case . . . 101
Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report . . . . 102
Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report: Key
performance indicators . . . . . . . . . 102
Examples: Session Purchase Funnel (Travel)
report data analysis . . . . . . . . . . 103
Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report use case 103
Session Application Funnel report (Financial
Services) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Session Application Funnel report: Key
performance indicators . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Session Application Funnel report
data analysis . . . . . . . . . . . .
Session Application Funnel report (Financial
Services) use case . . . . . . . . . . .
Visitor Purchase Funnel . . . . . . . . . .
Visitor Purchase Funnel report: Key
performance indicators . . . . . . . . .
Examples: Visitor Purchase Funnel report data
analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visitor Purchase Funnel use case . . . . . .
Visitor Application Funnel (Financial Services) . .
Visitor Application Funnel (Financial Services):
Key performance indicators. . . . . . . .
Examples: Visitor Application Funnel (Financial
Services) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visitor Application Funnel use case . . . . .
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Chapter 10. Demographics reports
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Geography report . . . . . . . . . . .
Geography report: Unknown and fraudulent
traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geography report: Key performance indicators
Examples: Geography report . . . . . .
Geography report use case . . . . . . .
Languages report . . . . . . . . . . .
Languages report: Key performance indicators
Languages report use case . . . . . . .
Time zones report . . . . . . . . . . .
Time zones report: Key performance indicators
Time zones report use case . . . . . . .
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Chapter 11. Mobile reports . . . . . . 123
Mobile Devices report . . . . . . . .
Mobile Devices report: Key performance
indicators. . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile Operating Systems report . . . . .
Mobile Operating Systems report: Key
performance indicators . . . . . . .
Mobile Browsers report . . . . . . . .
Mobile Browsers report: Key performance
indicators. . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile Browsers report use case . . . .
Mobile Stream report . . . . . . . . .
Mobile Stream report: Key performance
indicators. . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile stream report use case . . . . .
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Chapter 12. System reports . . . . . 129
Browsers report . . . . . . . . . . . .
Browsers report: Key performance indicators
Browsers report use case . . . . . . . .
Operating Systems . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating Systems: Key performance indicators
Operating Systems use case . . . . . . .
Screen resolution . . . . . . . . . . . .
Screen Resolution: Key performance indicators
Screen resolution use case . . . . . . . .
Color Depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Color Depth: Key performance indicators . .
Color Depth use case . . . . . . . . .
Java Availability . . . . . . . . . . .
JavaAvailability: Key performance indicators
Java Availability use case . . . . . . .
JavaScript Version . . . . . . . . . . .
JavaScript Version: Key performance indicators
JavaScript Version use case . . . . . . .
Browser Plugins . . . . . . . . . . .
Browser Plugins: Key performance indicators
Browser Plugins use case . . . . . . .
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DIP report use case .
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Appendix A. Additional Contact
Information . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Appendix B. Support . . . . . . . . 141
Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Trademarks . . . . . . .
Privacy Policy Considerations .
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Chapter 13. Custom reports . . . . . 137
Data Integrity Process (DIP) . . .
DIP: Key performance indicators .
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Contents
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 1. IBM Digital Analytics overview
IBM® Digital Analytics provides reports on the activity of visitors to your website.
The insights that you gain from these reports can help you to increase your ROI.
Dozens of standard, pre-configured reports provide data on marketing, commerce,
content, conversion events, systems, demographics, visitor paths, and more.
Industry-specific reporting and templates help to aid your analysis. You can also
create dashboards to access key performance data at a glance. Digital Analytics
also simplifies deployment and maintenance of page tagging. It provides tools for
analyzing page- and link-level performance data and tag implementation.
Digital Analytics filters traffic from internet robots, other non-human user agents,
and selected IP address ranges from session traffic data to ensure the accuracy and
integrity of session traffic data. Custom blocking rules and a third-party filtering
service are also available.
If your organization has a license for IBM Digital Analytics Multisite, you can also
analyze visitor behavior across sites. For more information, see the IBM Digital
Analytics Multisite documentation.
System requirements
To run IBM Digital Analytics products, you must run specific versions of software
and browsers and have a minimum required amount of memory.
Maintain the following system requirements:
v Software: Adobe Flash Player, V10 or V11
v Browsers: Microsoft Internet Explorer, V9 through V11. Mozilla Firefox, V29
through V34. Chrome, V34 through V39.
v Memory: 1 GB RAM or more
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 2. Top Line Metrics report
The Top Line Metrics report is a configurable report for analyzing high-level
metrics about your visitors and the overall performance of your website. Use it to
track key performance indicators on a recurring basis.
You can compare not only date ranges and segments, but also actual metrics, to
forecast metrics that are imported to Digital Analytics reporting. By creating a
custom view and monitoring trends, you can quickly identify improvements,
problems, and concerns with changes and behaviors.
The Top Line Metrics report includes both Anonymous and Tracked metrics but all
other reports include only Tracked traffic/metrics. Anonymous metrics are
populated because the visitors' permanent cookie are blocked or removed, or the
visitor has "opted out" of Digital Analytics tracking cookies.
You can monitor changes in the percentage of customers or revenue that is
associated with specific session activity or marketing interaction by applying a
report segment to the Top Line Metrics report. You can monitor conversion on an
ongoing basis to identify trends in website effectiveness and to assess the
opportunity for improvement. Use the Top Line Metrics report to create KPI
scorecards or dashboards that are based on trend data, set benchmarks, and set
goals for your KPIs.
Report views
The Top Line Metrics report includes Summary, Trend, Heat Map, and Insights
Views from the Report menu.
You can use the Trend View to see daily, weekly, monthly, or quarterly data for
individual metrics over time. The Top Line Metrics report offers both a traditional
trend and a cumulative trend view.
The Heat Map shows each metric as an hourly pattern. The darker areas indicate
higher levels of activity and the lighter areas indicate lower levels of activity. You
can analyze results for a specific event (for example, site change, campaign
launch), view the data for each individual week, and compare pre-activity and
post-activity. You can look for general trends and indications of the appropriate
days or times to send email campaigns or to introduce time-sensitive sales data
that you can view as an average over multiple weeks.
Top Line Metrics KPIs
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you are analyzing data in
the Top Line Metrics report.
Buyer/Visitor Conversion
(Unique Buyers / Unique Visitors) The percentage of visitors that made a
purchase within the selected time period.
Page Views / Session
(Tracked Page Views / Total Sessions) The average number of tracked
pages that were viewed during a session.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
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Average Session Length
(minutes: seconds) The average amount of time that visitors spend on your
website during the selected time period.
Bounce Rate
The percentage of visitors who viewed only the page on which they
arrived before leaving your site.
Average Order Value
(Sales / Orders) The average dollar value of orders that were placed
during the selected time period.
Shopping Cart Abandonment Rate
The percentage of sessions where items are placed into shopping cart, but
an order is not completed.
New Visitor %
The percentage of visitors to your site during the selected time period who
were first time visitors (or visitors who deleted the Digital Analytics
cookies since their previous visit).
Events
The number of non-commerce conversion events (for example,
registrations, subscriptions, key downloads, call avoidance, lead generation,
and so on) that were completed by site visitors. Events are defined by the
conversion event tag.
Events / Total Sessions
(Events / Total Sessions) The average number of completed events per
visitor session during the reporting period.
Sales
The total, tracked, and estimated anonymous revenue for your website
during the specified time period.
Commerce Metrics show the impact of visitors and customers on sales, orders, and
items.
Within the Summary Views are the following five distinct sections (Metrics):
Event Metrics
Contains data related to Conversion Events performance across a website.
Visitor Metrics
Contains a summary of visitors coming to your website.
Acquisition Metrics
Allow you to quickly review the ability of your site to convert new
visitors.
Retention Metrics
Analyze your visitor and customer loyalty and repeat visitor and buyer
conversion.
Activity Metrics
Includes a wide range of metrics used to show high-level visitor, customer,
and session data.
Displaying real-time data in Top Line Metrics reports
For any client ID that has IBM Digital Analytics Monitor enabled, Top Line Metrics
reports offer the option to view real-time data for any metrics supported by
Monitor.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
About this task
Session-complete metrics (that is, metrics such as Average Session Length, which
cannot be calculated until a session is complete), are reported within 30 minutes
after a session ends. Non-session-complete metrics are reported within 30 minutes.
The report includes hourly granularity for analyzing hourly trends.
When you select Today for Period A or Period B in a Top Line Metrics report, you
can also choose to display projected values for hours that have no data or
incomplete data. Projected values are calculated based on the cumulative
performance today compared with the same time of day one week ago.
For example, assume that 3:00 PM is the last hour today for which we have full
data. If sales through 3:00 PM today are 375, and sales through 3:00 PM on the
same day last week were 300, the difference is an increase of 25%. Thus, if total
sales on the same day last week were 600, the projected value for today would be
750 (600 x (1 x 25%)).
Projected data is displayed in the table, trend view, and heat map. In the table,
projected values are displayed in shaded cells and the data column is labeled
"Projected." For metrics that are not supported in real-time Top Line Metrics
reports, the table displays a dash (-) in the data column.
In the trend chart, projected values are displayed using a dashed line. In the heat
map, projected values are displayed in the same way as actual data.
Note: If your report results include hours where the calculation of the projected
data would require division by zero, the cells for those hours are blank in the table
and the heat map. In the trend chart, a gap appears for those hours on the
projected trend line.
Procedure
1. Open a Top Line Metrics report from the side navigation pane (Reports > Site
Metrics > Top Line Metrics).
2. Use the Period A or Period B menu to select Today for the period.
3. Optional: Select the Projected check box to display full-day results from
partial-day data.
Supported metrics for real-time reporting
Digital Analytics supports the following metrics for reporting real-time data in Top
Line Metrics reports.
v Average Order Value
v Items / Order
v Page Views
v Element Views
v Items Ordered
v Pages Views / Session
v Element Views / Sessions
v New Sessions
v Product Views
v Event Points
v On-Sites Searches
v Repeat Sessions
v Event Points / Session
v Orders
v Sales
v Events
v Orders / Session
v Total Sessions
v Events / Session
Chapter 2. Top Line Metrics report
5
Top Line Metrics report use case
You can use the Top Line Metrics report to analyze onsite search performance and
conversion.
Your company website is optimizing and redesigning the onsite search function.
Your task is to analyze onsite search performance and conversion for your
company website to provide a baseline for onsite search pre-redesign and
post-redesign.
You perform the following steps to complete your analysis.
1. Obtain the site-wide number of sessions, unique visitors, and unique
customers/buyers from the Top Line Metrics report.
2. Obtain the same metric data specifically for the segment of onsite search
visitors that use onsite search on the website. Create a segment that uses the
criteria: Onsite Search Term Wildcard (*). Then, apply the Segment to the Top
Line Metrics report.
3. Present the data side-by-side, creating calculations for customer conversion
rates and any other key performance indicators.
4. Set targets for conversion effectiveness that are based on historical performance.
5. Monitor conversion on an ongoing basis to identify trends in onsite search
effectiveness and to assess the opportunity for improvement.
Output:
Because this analysis focuses on delivering a baseline understanding of onsite
search users, most of the insight is for use in comparison to future time periods
post-redesign. After you complete the previous steps, a report is created that tracks
the following.
Changes in the percentage of Customers or Revenue that are associated with this
search
These metrics are used to understand the overall impact of changes to
onsite search visibility, usability, and effectiveness.
Changes in the percentage of Sessions Using Search and the percent of Unique
Visitors Using Search
These metrics are used to understand the impact of onsite search visibility
improvements or design integration.
Changes in the Customer/Visitor Conversion ratio
These metrics are used to understand the impact of changes to onsite
search results relevance and presentation.
Key Performance Index (KPI)
Analysts can set a performance index that is specific to their business. In
this instance, the KPI is Revenue per Visitor for All Searchers divided by
the same metric for All Visitors.
Use this report to measure the performance and conversion for onsite search
pre-redesign and post-redesign.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 3. Top Line Metrics Insights report
Use the Top Line Metrics Insights report to trend metrics across time, and highlight
high and low values when compared to your site averages.
For example, you can view the Tracked Sessions metric to see in which time
periods your site had more or fewer sessions compared to your site average. If you
choose the Sales metric, you can see in which time periods your site had higher or
lower sales compared to your site average.
You can trend four metrics at a time and quickly discover which dates are outliers
for your chosen metrics. Use the contextual menus on each date to view more
reports to learn which marketing programs, content, products, and so on, were
responsible for the large swings on those dates. The blue bar indicates the average
(or mean) value for that period. The blue bands indicate the standard deviation
from the mean, to easily highlight the outliers.
Key metrics
The following are some key metrics to focus on when you view the Top Line
Metrics Insights report.
Tracked Sessions
When you view the Tracked Sessions metric, you see time periods that
have high sessions or lower sessions compared to your site average. As a
next step, you can use the Marketing Channels report and trend out the
sessions value. Look for the channels that changed between the high value
and the low value. Use the compare function to compare the high and low
date ranges to see which channels went up and brought more traffic, or
which channels went down and brought less traffic.
Page Views
If you see a sudden rise or drop within page views, look at the Top Pages
report and trend the top 20 pages. Analyze the percentage of total page
views metric to see which pages rose or dropped in page views. From this
data, you can see where to investigate to determine the cause of the rise or
drop in page views.
Top Line Metrics Insights report use case
You can use the Top Line Metrics Insights report to monitor trends in orders and
sales.
Viewing the Orders and Sales metrics in the Top Line Metrics Insights report, you
notice a sudden rise in orders and sales on February 7.
To investigate the cause of this sudden increase in orders and sales, you open the
Product Categories report by Category view, and view the data for February 7. You
look for a sudden rise in sales for a specific product category to determine which
category is responsible for the spike. You notice that the CLEARANCE Product
category has much higher item sales and items sold on this day.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
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You drill down into the CLEARANCE category to determine if a specific product is
responsible for the sudden increase in orders and sales. You determine that the
White Fabric Roll Arm Chaise was responsible for the sudden spike in sales and
orders on February 7.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 4. Insights reports
The Insights reports highlight marketing programs, products, pages, and time
periods that perform above and below your site averages. Use these reports to
quickly identify both long-term trends and short-term threats or opportunities.
Marketing Program Insights report
The Marketing Programs Insights report highlights specific marketing programs
that performed above and below the average values. Use the Marketing Programs
Insights report to understand which marketing programs are driving your
objectives.
The report is displayed in modules. The modules differ depending upon your
industry. Within the modules, median and average values are displayed. These
averages are based on your site data. The report highlights the specific marketing
programs that performed above the average values and the ones that performed
below the average. The thicker bar of the box chart represents the standard
deviation range. The green dot and red dot identify the top and bottom values.
The Action box offers some guidance on what you can do next. The label at the
bottom of the report indicates what values were considered.
The Engagement module shows you which marketing vendors have the highest
and lowest level of visitor engagement based on the Page Views/Session metric.
Consider making the following types of adjustments to your marketing program
strategy based on data from the Marketing Program Insights report:
v Look at the programs that are converting at a higher rate than average. Invest in
the vendors that are contributing to engagement.
v If you have paid marketing campaigns, such as keywords, that convert at a
higher rate than average, increase spending for these programs. Increasing the
exposure that these programs receive can drive more visitors to campaigns that
have good direct conversion.
v If you see a non-paid marketing program, such as a house email program, with
a higher than average conversion rate, try to increase sign-up to drive more
direct conversion.
Related concepts:
“Marketing Programs report” on page 24
Product Insights report
The Products Insights report highlights specific products that performed above and
below the average values, based on your site data. Use this report to understand
which products are driving your objectives.
The Product Insights report is displayed in modules. The modules available
depend upon your industry. The Abandonment module highlights products that
were abandoned at a higher or lower rate than your site average. The Attraction
module shows products that are attracting new buyers at a higher or lower rate
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
9
than your site average. The Exposure module shows the products that have a
higher or lower number of viewing sessions and buying sessions than your site
average. The Action box in each module offers suggestions on what to do next.
Consider the following actions based on module data in the Product Insights
report:
v In the Abandonment module, look at the products that were abandoned at a
higher rate than average. Make sure that these items are priced appropriately,
and that they are in stock. Consider adding more product information and
images.
v Feature the top products from the Attraction module in marketing and
promotions that are aimed at targeting new visitors.
v Give the top-performing products from the Exposure module prime real estate
on your site. Make these items easy to find using your onsite search tool. Your
top performers can change over time based on trends and seasonality, so make
sure to keep pace with these trends.
Page Insights report
The Page Insights report highlights specific pages that performed above and below
the average values, based on your site data. Use this report to determine which
pages are driving your objectives.
The Page Insights report is displayed in modules. The modules available depend
upon your industry. The Attraction module shows the pages that have high entry
rates compared to your site average. The Exposure module shows the pages that
have a higher or lower number of viewing sessions and buying sessions than your
site average. The Popularity module shows the popular, top-performing pages,
based on page views. The Stickiness module shows the pages that have a high or
low rate of departures. The Action box in each module offers suggestions on what
to do next.
Consider the following types of actions based on data in the Page Insights report:
Examine traffic on high-entry pages
In the Attraction module, look beyond the expected high-entry pages, such
as the home page, and examine the source of traffic to these pages. Make
sure that these pages have clear branding and links to additional content.
Make best use of your top-performing pages
Look at the Exposure module to see the top-performing pages on your site.
Look for non-obvious pages such as specific product pages and
informational pages, and then make sure that these pages are easy to reach
on the site and easy to find using search. For example, if a page that is
associated with sizing is often associated with sales, then it is likely that
visitors who purchase are also looking for more information about sizing.
Consider adding more sizing information to your product pages. If a page
about shipping and handling is getting high exposure, it is likely that
purchasers need more information about shipping. Ensure that the pages
that are heavily associated with sales are easy to find on your website and
easy to find using search.
Address problems on high-departure pages
Look at the Stickiness module to see the pages that are associated with
high and low departures compared to your site average. Look at the pages
that have a higher than average exit rates, and examine them for problems.
Do these pages have any technical problems? Is there a glitch that is
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
preventing a page from loading properly? Does this page feature a form
that is difficult for visitors to understand? Does this page have products
that are out of stock? Address any other problems you find with the pages
that are associated with high departures.
Chapter 4. Insights reports
11
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
Use the marketing reports to analyze the effectiveness of your marketing strategy.
IBM Digital Analytics provides reports that analyze marketing attribution,
marketing channels, marketing programs, natural search, and referring sites.
Marketing attribution reports
The marketing attribution reports provide data based on the attribution and
channel settings that have been defined for your client ID.
Channel Attribution report
The Channel Attribution report shows the performance of each referrer type for
each type of attribution logic that is defined for your client ID.
Every client ID has four default channels:
v Natural Search
v Referring Sites
v Direct Load
v All Other MMC Vendors
You can define other channels if your site tagging includes MMC tracking
parameters. Common channels are Email, Paid Search, and Affiliates. You can
manage the channels for your client ID on the Manage Marketing Channels page
(Manage > Marketing > Marketing Channels).
There are four possible types of attribution:
v Same Session
v First Click
v Average Click
v Last Click
You can define the attribution for your client ID by clicking Admin > Attribution
Settings.
This report helps you understand which channels have the best conversion rates
for each type of attribution. Consider using the data in this report to achieve the
following objectives.
Change the message that you are delivering in one or more channels
Channels with a large number in the Sales First/Last Ratio column are
good cycle initiators. Ensure that the messages you deliver through these
channels focus on introducing new products or initiating new shopping
cycles. Channels with a small number in the Sales First/Last Ratio column
are good cycle closers. Ensure that the messages you deliver through these
channels focus on motivating shoppers to buy. For example, an offer for
free shipping is most successful when you deliver it through a channel that
is a good closer.
Adjust your channel spending
Add the Unique Visitors metric to the Channel Attribution report and look
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
13
at the relationship between the number of visitors and total sales. Channels
with a low number of visitors and a high sales amount are channels that
you might want to invest more money in. Channels with a high number of
visitors and low sales amount are channels in which you might be
investing too heavily.
Channel Attribution report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Channel Attribution
report. If all three types of attribution are not enabled for your client ID, your
report has only the metrics for the defined types.
If you are in the Financial Services, Travel, or Content verticals, replace Sales in the
KPI name with the appropriate value for your vertical.
Table 1. KPI terms per vertical
Vertical
KPI term
Financial Services
Applications
Travel
Revenue
Content
Events
Sales
The value of total purchases that occur in sessions from this marketing
channel in the report date range.
First Click Sales
The value of total purchases in the report date range from visitors whose
first session during the attribution window came from this channel. The
attribution window is the longest first-click attribution window that is
defined for the client ID.
Avg Click Sales
The value of total purchases in the report date range from visitors who
came from this channel at least once during the attribution window.
Last Click Sales
The value of total purchases in the report date range from visitors who
came from this channel on their last session in the report date range.
Sales First/Last Ratio
First Click Sales divided by Last Click Sales.
Examples: Channel Attribution data analysis
You can use the data in the Channel Attribution report to adjust your channel
strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Channel Attribution data:
Change the message that you are delivering in one or more channels
Channels with a large number in the Sales First/Last Ratio column are
good cycle initiators. Ensure that the messages you deliver through these
channels focus on introducing new products or initiating new shopping
cycles. Channels with a small number in the Sales First/Last Ratio column
are good cycle closers. Ensure that the messages you deliver through these
channels focus on motivating shoppers to buy. For example, an offer for
free shipping is most successful when you deliver it through a channel that
is a good closer.
Adjust your channel spending
Add the Unique Visitors metric to the Channel Attribution report and look
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
at the relationship between the number of visitors and total sales. Channels
with a low number of visitors and a high sales amount are channels that
you might want to invest more money in. Channels with a high number of
visitors and low sales amount are channels in which you might be
investing too heavily.
Channel Venn report
The Channel Venn report shows the affinity and lift associated with each possible
combination of up to three base marketing channels.
Each channel is represented by a circle, and each combination is represented by the
overlapping areas of the circles. Each region is colored according to the heat map
to indicate the value of the selected metric for that channel combination.
You can change the channel for one or more circles. You can also remove one of
the circles.
Every client ID has four default channels:
v Natural Search
v Referring Sites
v Direct Load
v All Other MMC Vendors
You can define other channels if your site tagging includes MMC tracking
parameters. Common channels are Email, Paid Search, and Affiliates. You can
manage the channels for your client ID on the Manage Marketing Channels page
(Manage > Marketing > Marketing Channels).
The report considers all visitors who came to your site during the report date
range. A visitor is counted for each channel that visitor used to begin a session
during the date range or lookback window. When circles overlap, a visitor is
counted once for the overlapping region if the visitor belongs to all the
overlapping circles. The visitor is counted once for the report totals even if the
visitor belongs to multiple circles.
The lookback window is calculated for each visitor. The start of the window is
calculated by subtracting the lookback period from the visitor's first qualifying visit
in the report date range. For example, given the following conditions:
v The report range is April 1-30
v The lookback period is 14 days
v A visitor's first qualifying visit in April was on April 10 at 10:00 A.M.
The lookback window for that visitor starts on March 27 at 10:00 A.M. and ends on
April 10 at 10:00 A.M.
The lookback period is set by your administrator on the Admin > Attribution
Settings screen. Changes to the lookback period affect reports generated after the
change. The lookback period used for the report is displayed under the date range.
Channel Venn report: Key performance indicators
The metrics on the Channel Venn report provide data about sales and visitors for
each combination of the base marketing channels.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
15
If you are in the Financial Services, Travel, or Content verticals, replace Sales in the
KPI name with the appropriate value for your vertical.
Table 2. KPI terms per vertical
Vertical
KPI term
Financial Services
Applications
Travel
Revenue
Content
Events
Visitors
The number of unique registered visitors (or unique cookie IDs in the
absence of a registration ID) that came to your site through the channel or
channel combination.
Sales
The total value of purchases that were made during the report date range
by visitors who came to your site through the channel or channel
combination.
Sales/Visitor
The average value of purchases that were made during the report date
range by visitors who came to your site through the channel or channel
combination per unique ID combination that came to your site through the
channel or channel combination. The Sales value divided by the Visitors
value.
Sales/Visitor Lift Over A
The increase or decrease in sales per visitor that is associated with the
channel combination compared to channel A alone. The value is expressed
as a percentage change from the sales per visitor from channel A.
Sales/Visitor Lift Over B
The increase or decrease in sales per visitor that is associated with the
channel combination compared to channel B alone. The value is expressed
as a percentage change from the sales per visitor from channel B.
Sales/Visitor Lift Over C
The increase or decrease in sales per visitor that is associated with the
channel combination compared to channel C alone. The value is expressed
as a percentage change from the sales per visitor from channel C. If there
are only two circles in the Venn diagram, there are no values for this
metric.
Examples: Channel Venn data analysis
You can use the data in the Channel Venn report to help you determine which
channels to use for your next campaign.
The following examples show ways to use Channel Venn data:
v To maximize the return on your investment, deliver your message through
channel combinations with high numbers in the Sales/Visitor column.
v Consider the number in the Visitors column. The channel combination with the
highest Sales/Visitor number might not be your best channel if the number of
visitors is small.
v The Buyers and Sales/Buyer metrics might provide valuable insights. You can
use the Report Options link to add those metrics to the report.
v Create multiple Channel Venn views so you can compare different combinations
of channels to make sure that you are focusing on the most lucrative. If two
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
channel combinations have similar metric values, use the channel combination
with the fewest channels to minimize contact fatigue.
Channel Stream
The Channel Stream report shows the channels that visitors used on their final or
final converting session. You can expand the tree backwards through the lookback
window to understand the preceding sessions in sequence.
There are two views of the report. The Visitor Stream view starts with visitors'
final sessions. The Converter Stream view starts with visitors' final converting
sessions. The Converter Stream view includes only visitors who converted during
the report date range.
When you open the report, it shows a node for each channel that visitors used to
arrive at your site for their final qualifying session. You can expand a node to see
the channels that those visitors used to arrive at your site for their previous
session.
You can continue expanding until you reach the maximum depth or until none of
the visitors had previous sessions.
The Channel Stream report includes final or final converting sessions that occurred
during the date range for the report. The channel streams leading to those sessions
include sessions that occurred during the report date range or the lookback
window.
Every client ID has four default channels:
v Natural Search
v Referring Sites
v Direct Load
v All Other MMC Vendors
You can define other channels if your site tagging includes MMC tracking
parameters. Common channels are Email, Paid Search, and Affiliates. You can
manage the channels for your client ID on the Manage Marketing Channels page
(Manage > Marketing > Marketing Channels).
The Channel Stream report can display a maximum of 25 user-defined channels. If
your client ID has more than 25 channels that are defined, the Other Channels
channel contains the data for the remaining channels.
The lookback window is calculated for each visitor. The start of the window is
calculated by subtracting the lookback period from the visitor's first qualifying visit
in the report date range. For example, given the following conditions:
v The report range is April 1-30
v The lookback period is 14 days
v A visitor's first qualifying visit in April was on April 10 at 10:00 A.M.
The lookback window for that visitor starts on March 27 at 10:00 A.M. and ends on
April 10 at 10:00 A.M.
The lookback period is set by your administrator on the Admin > Attribution
Settings screen. Changes to the lookback period affect reports generated after the
change. The lookback period used for the report is displayed under the date range.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
17
Channel Stream report: Key performance indicators
The metrics on the Channel Stream report provide data about the traffic and
activity on each node. A node is a group of sessions that originated in a specific
channel and that occur at a specific depth in a specific channel stream.
If you are in the Financial Services, Travel, or Content verticals, replace Buyers and
Sales in the KPI name with the appropriate values for your vertical.
Table 3. KPI terms per vertical
Vertical
KPI term
Financial Services
Applicants, Path Applications
Travel
Bookers, Path Revenue
Content
Event Completers, Path Events
Visitors
The number of unique registered visitors (or unique cookie IDs in the
absence of a registration ID) that came to your site through a session that
belongs to the specified node.
Buyers
The number of visitors who made purchases during the report date range
and came to your site through a session that belongs to the specified node.
% First Source
The percentage of Buyers or Visitors whose session in this node was the
start of their channel stream.
Path Sales
The total value of purchases that were made during the report date range
by visitors with a session in this node. This value includes purchases that
were made by these visitors in sessions in other nodes in this path.
Days Between
The average number of days between a visitor's session in this node and
the visitor's session in the next node in the stream.
Examples: Channel Stream data analysis
You can use the data in the Channel Stream report to drive visitors through
lucrative streams, adjust campaign cadences, and change campaign messages.
The following examples show ways to use Channel Stream data:
Drive more visitors through short, lucrative streams
If there is a stream that is short and results in high sales, create a
marketing campaign that drives visitors toward your site through that
stream.
Adjust your campaign cadences
Analyze the amount of time between marketing channel touch points and
use this information to adjust your customer contact strategy to match the
optimal cadence.
Match campaign messages to channels based on the position of the channels in
streams
Evaluate which channels commonly start and finish conversion cycles.
Consider delivering clear calls to action through closing channels and
relationship-building messages through initiating channels.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Deliver reinforcing messages in linked channels
Identify channels that visitors often use in close sequence. Consider
delivering reinforcing messages in those channels.
Visitor Journey report
The Visitor Journey report shows channel details for the top 1000 visitors on your
site. There are two views of this report: Top Converters and Top Visitors.
The Top Converters view defines top visitors by sales (or the corresponding metric
for your vertical). The Top Visitors view defines top visitors by sessions. From
either of those views, you can drill down to analyze journey details for a specific
visitor.
The date range of the report determines which visitors are included in the report.
The lookback window determines how much history for those visitors is included
in the report.
Every client ID has four default channels:
v Natural Search
v Referring Sites
v Direct Load
v All Other MMC Vendors
You can define other channels if your site tagging includes MMC tracking
parameters. Common channels are Email, Paid Search, and Affiliates. You can
manage the channels for your client ID on the Manage Marketing Channels page
(Manage > Marketing > Marketing Channels).
The lookback window is calculated for each visitor. The start of the window is
calculated by subtracting the lookback period from the visitor's first qualifying visit
in the report date range. For example, given the following conditions:
v The report range is April 1-30
v The lookback period is 14 days
v A visitor's first qualifying visit in April was on April 10 at 10:00 A.M.
The lookback window for that visitor starts on March 27 at 10:00 A.M. and ends on
April 10 at 10:00 A.M.
The lookback period is set by your administrator on the Admin > Attribution
Settings screen. Changes to the lookback period affect reports generated after the
change. The lookback period used for the report is displayed under the date range.
Visitor Journey report: Key performance indicators
The display columns and metrics on the Visitor Journey report provide data about
the channels and channel activity for the top visitors or converters. The display
columns and metrics on the report change depending on which view is open.
If you are in the Financial Services, Travel, or Content verticals, replace Sales in the
key performance indicator (KPI) name with the appropriate value for your vertical.
Table 4. KPI terms per vertical
Vertical
KPI term
Financial Services
Applications
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
19
Table 4. KPI terms per vertical (continued)
Vertical
KPI term
Travel
Revenue
Content
Events
First Source
The channel through which the visitor came to your site on the visitor's
first visit during the lookback window or report date range.
Middle Sources
The channels through which the visitor came to your site on visits other
than the visitor's first or last visit during the lookback window or report
date range. This field is empty if the visitor made fewer than three visits
during that time.
Last Source
The channel through which the visitor came to your site on the visitor's
last visit during the date range. If the visitor made only one visit, the
channel for that visit is displayed in this field.
Sales
The total value of purchases that were made by this visitor during the
report date range. Purchases that were made during the lookback window
are not counted.
Events
The number of conversion events that were completed by this visitor
during the report date range. Events occurring during the lookback
window do not count.
Sessions
The number of visits to your site made by this visitor during the lookback
window or report date range.
Focus on the following information and KPIs when you analyze journey details
data:
Date/Time
The date and time when this visitor started a session or converted.
Channel Type:
The channel type of the channel through which the session started or in
which the conversion occurred. There are five possible channel types: Paid,
Earned, Owned, Convert, and Uncategorized.
Marketing Channel:
The channel through which the session started or the conversion type.
Source Details:
More information about the channel or conversion. For example, for a sale,
the value of this field is the value of the sale. For the start of a session
through the Natural Search channel, the value is the name of the search
engine and the search terms.
Days Between
The days between this visitor's previous session or conversion and this
one.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Examples: Visitor Journey data analysis
You can use the data in the Visitor Journey report to develop strategies to
encourage more visitors to adopt the behavior of your top converters and most
frequent visitors.
The following examples show ways to use Visitor Journey data:
Develop a strategy to encourage more visitors to adopt the behavior of your top
converters
Use the Top Visitors and Top Converters views to access journey details for
your top visitors and top converters. Look for differences between your top
visitors and top converters. Also, look for differences between your top
converters and other converters. When you identify behaviors that
distinguish your top converters, develop a marketing plan to encourage
those behaviors in more visitors and converters.
Develop a strategy to encourage more visitors to adopt the behavior of your
most frequent visitors
Use the Top Visitors view to access journey details for your most frequent
visitors. Look for differences between your most frequent visitors and less
frequent visitors. When you identify behaviors that distinguish your most
frequent visitors, develop a marketing plan to encourage those behaviors
in more visitors.
Marketing Channels report
The Marketing Channels report provides a high-level overview of the referral
sources that direct traffic to your website. These sources can include marketing
vendors grouped into distinct channels such as Email, Paid Search, and Affiliates,
and the standard channels of Natural Search, Referring Sites and Direct Load.
Access the Marketing Channels report from the Reports menu in the side
navigation pane (Reports > Marketing > Marketing Channels). This report helps
you to understand which channels (paid and unpaid) drive the most traffic and
have the best conversion rates for your website. By using Attribution windows, a
user can understand the historical referral sources that led the customer to
activities, such as sales, page views, conversions, and so on, on your website even
when those referrals did not occur in the same session as those activities. This
allows you to analyze which channels are most effective at acquiring new visitors,
influencing decisions throughout a consideration period, or driving conversion
across sessions to your website.
By default, the Marketing Channels report consists of four main referral channels
Marketing Program
If there is a valid MMC tracking parameter on the destination URL, the
referral is counted into the All Other MMC Vendors marketing channel.
Use MMC parameters to separate paid traffic from unpaid traffic.
Search Engine
If there is no MMC tracking parameter and the referring URL matches a
recognized search engine, it is counted into the Natural Search marketing
channel.
Referring URL
If there is no MMC tracking parameter and the referring URL does not
match a recognized search engine, it is counted into the Referring Sites
marketing channel.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
21
Direct Load
If there is no MMC tracking parameter and no Referral URL information,
the referral is counted into the Direct Load marketing channel. This
channel also includes URLs that are typed directly into the browser by a
visitor and favorite/bookmarked URLs.
With Digital Analytics you can manage MMC vendors to group the vendors into
distinct channels such as Email, Paid Search, Advertising, Affiliates, and Price
Comparison. Any MMC vendors that are not assigned to a specific marketing
channel remain in the All Other MMC Vendors marketing channel.
You can manage your marketing channels using the Manage Marketing Channels
page (Manage > Marketing > Marketing Channels).
Marketing Channels: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you analyze data in the
Marketing Channels report.
Buyer / Visitor
The percentage of visitors who became buyers that navigated through a
specific marketing channel during the reporting time period. The metric
shows which channels are most effective at converting visitors into buyers.
Buying Session / Sessions
The percentage of all sessions that became sessions when an order that
navigated through a specific marketing channel during the reporting time
period was placed. The metrics provide a session-based rather than a
visitor-based conversion rate, to measure session conversion effectiveness
by channel.
Clicks Number of clicks that are generated from sessions that arrive from each
marketing channel during the reporting time period.
Bounce Rate
The percentage of sessions that were single-page sessions that can be
attributed to this marketing channel during the report period. A high
percentage shows that visitors are bouncing off their arrival page without
visiting another page on your website. This metric can be used to
determine the extent to which marketing campaigns are bringing qualified
visitors to your website.
Sales
The value of the sales that are generated from buyers that navigated
through a marketing channel during the reporting time period and
completed a purchase on your website.
Orders
The number of orders that are generated from buyers that navigated
through a marketing channel during this reporting time period and
completed a purchase on your website.
Average Order Value
The average order value for sessions that navigated through a specific
marketing channel and placed an order. The metric is an indicator of
spending behavior and can be used to monitor the ability of a a website to
encourage users to purchase items of a higher value.
Unique Visitors
The number of distinct visitors during the reporting time period that can
be attributed to this marketing channel.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
New Visitor %
The percentage of first time visitors that can be attributed to this marketing
channel during the report period. Use this metric to monitor targets for
acquisition and retention of visitors.
Average Session Length
The average session length that can be attributed to this marketing channel
during the report period. The metric can be used to determine the
stickiness of a website and the level of engagement.
Page Views / Session
The average number of pages viewed in a visitor's session that can be
attributed to this marketing channel during the reporting time period. The
metric can be used to determine the stickiness of a website and the level of
engagement.
Metrics in the Marketing Channels report can either be Same Session or have
attribution logic applied to them. Same Session metrics attribute all user activity to
the referral source that initiates each session or visit. Attribution Windows use
visitor profiles to search across multiple sessions or visits and reassign credit
according to the selected attribution window rules. If users ultimately convert from
Direct Load, attribution windows can help to determine the effectiveness of the
points where users access the paid campaign that lead to a conversion.
An Attribution Window is composed of the following:
v Sequence
v Latency
v Credit
Examples: Marketing Channels data analysis
You can use the data in the Marketing Channels report to help you adjust your
marketing strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Marketing Channels data:
Track key performance indicators
Your marketing team might want to track metrics, such as conversion rate,
bounce rate, % share of traffic, or sales, for each channel as key
performance indicators. Monitor the performance of these channels to
identify significant changes that might require urgent action. For paid
marketing campaigns, use the Marketing Programs report to drill deeper
and to help explain the reasons behind any change. Set targets to improve
conversion, or expand the share of traffic from more cost effective channels
such as Email.
Improve Qualified Traffic
Review the bounce and conversion rates of each marketing channel to help
identify marketing campaigns that are driving unqualified traffic to your
website. Using Paid Search as an example, it would then be possible to
improve keyword relevancy using the Natural Search and Marketing
Programs reports.
Compare channel performance against averages for verticals using Benchmark
To better understand the performance of your marketing channels for your
website, compare your marketing channels performance and conversion
against the marketing channel averages for a particular vertical and
specific subvertical using Benchmark. Benchmark includes Direct Load,
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
23
Referring Sites, Natural Search, Marketing Programs (MMC), and Paid
Search benchmarks. Benchmark gives both the percent difference and a
percentile ranking to identify areas for improvement where your website
marketing channels are performing below the benchmark for specific KPIs.
The marketing channels benchmark data is in the Vertical Compare module
in Benchmark.
Marketing Channels report use case
The following use case explains how to track and improve landing page
performance and conversion across marketing channels.
In the Marketing Channels report, you notice that a spike in bounce rate is
mirrored by a drop in visitor conversion over the same time period.
Bounce Rate
Bounce Rate
40.00%
Channel
35.00%
Totals
Email
Advertising
Paid Search Retail
Affiliates
Natural Search Activity
Referrring Sites Activity
Direct Load Activity
30.00%
25.00%
20.00%
15.00%
10.00%
5.00%
0.00%
01
Mar
08
Mar
15
Mar
22
Mar
29
Mar
05
Apr
12
Apr
19
Apr
26
Apr
03
May
10
May
Sessions Same Session
Bounce Rate Same Session
3,713,903
293,110
573,344
440,299
45,548
792,495
494,993
1,074,114
34.32%
27.31%
65.11%
20.45%
37.03%
24.32%
37.83%
31.08%
17
May
For the week in question, the Advertising channel was responsible for driving a
large amount of traffic to the website, but bounce rate performance was poor. You
trend the bounce rate for the Advertising channel, which confirms a higher than
normal volume of traffic for this week, which was the result of a new campaign
launch. Through MMC tracking, you use the Marketing Programs report to
pinpoint which ads and target audiences were performing the worst. You then use
this data to optimize and improve landing pages to improve performance and
conversion.
Marketing Programs report
The Marketing Programs report provides a comprehensive view of online paid
marketing activity. Use it to analyze marketing elements across marketing
categories and placements and to view metrics for each element.
By analyzing the performance of marketing campaigns and links, managers can
shift spending to high-performing vendors, campaigns, and creative elements. You
can complete the following types of analysis by using data from the Marketing
Programs report.
v Compare campaigns using same-session metrics to understand how well
campaigns drive immediate visitor response.
v Analyze various paid search terms to improve the performance of existing
keyword marketing placements.
v Analyze various marketing programs to improve the performance of existing
creative/content placements.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
v Identify key real estate and creative elements within emails that generate the
most click-throughs and transactions to maximize the value of future emails.
Marketing Programs report views
You can view data in the Marketing Programs report using two views:
By Vendor
The By Vendor view displays the vendor, category, placement, and item
hierarchy. You can drill into each vendor, to the individual items in a
vendor. All vendors that contain a click during the selected period are
displayed. The first column that is displayed is Vendor / Category /
Placement / Item.
Full List
Unlike the By Vendor view, in the Full List view you do not need to drill
to vendor to see category, placement, and item values. The Full List view is
a flat file view of your vendor, category placement, and item MMC
parameter values.
Use Report Options to change the time period, add a comparison time,
specify metrics, add a segment, or add a filter.
You can trend the report data to see changes over time by selecting Trend
from the Report menu.
Related concepts:
“Marketing Program Insights report” on page 9
Marketing Programs: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you are analyzing data in
the Marketing Programs report.
Unique Visitor
The number of distinct visitors that have sessions attributable to the MMC
item. Use this metric to understand how many unique users are visiting
your website from a specific marketing program or marketing item.
Clicks The number of clicks at any point in any session on this MMC item. Using
clicks, you can understand the volume of each marketing campaign.
Sales
Dollar value of orders in any session that are attributable to this MMC
item. Using sales, you can understand how your marketing campaign is
driving conversion on your website.
Orders
The number of orders in sessions that are attributable to this MMC item.
Bounce Rate
The percentage of one-page sessions out of all sessions that are attributable
to this MMC item. Using Bounce Rate, you can quickly understand which
campaigns are driving visitors to targeted landing pages. Review
campaigns that have high bounce rate to ensure that visitors land on
relevant landing pages.
Events
The number of events (as defined by the conversion event tag) that are
completed in sessions attributable to this MMC item.
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Average Order Value
The average order value in sessions that are attributable to this MMC item.
Page Views / Session
The average number of total page views per session that are attributable to
this MMC item.
Conversion Rate
The percent of visitors who became buyers in session that are attributable
to this MMC item.
Digital Analytics cm_mmc parameter
The Marketing Management Center (MMC) looks at the first page view of each
session on your site. If the URL for that page view contains a cm_mmc parameter,
that session activity will be tracked in the Marketing Programs report.
The cm_mmc parameter contains the following four elements:
v Vendor
v Category
v Placement
v Item
Each element within the cm_mmc parameter is required. If you do not need to use
all four MMC elements, you can pass null or na but do not leave any MMC
parameter values blank. The cm_mmc parameter allows you to specify the vendor,
category, placement, and item information that is displayed in the Marketing
Programs report. Each one of these values is placed within the parameter,
separated by the string -_-.
For example, activity directed to the following URL would show up in the
Marketing Programs report with a vendor of Google, a category of Home and
Garden, a placement of keywords, and an item of sprinkler.
http://www.site.com/product.asp?product_id=1234&cm_mmc=Google-_-Home%20and%20
Garden-_-keywords-_-sprinkler
Each element is separated by -_-. The spaces in the "Home and Garden" category
have been encoded to be %20 to match standard URL encoding rules.
You should generate MMC URLs by using the Tracking Code Generator to process
bulk sheets and automatically append tracking codes to the destination URLS with
MMC parameters. To select the Tracking Code Generator click Manage >
Marketing > from the left navigation pane. Then select Guide Me to review
information about the Tracking Code Generator.
Note: The cm_mmc parameter represents the new format for MMC tracking links.
The old format used separate parameters for the vendor, category, placement, and
item: cm_ven, cm_cat, cm_pla, and cm_ite respectively. This format will still be
detected and tracked within the MMC, but users are encouraged to use the new
cm_mmc parameter.
It is important to follow the web standard regarding the use of the hash character.
It is used in a URL to indicate a fragment. Therefore, the number (#) character
should not be used in MMC parameters.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Vendor / Category / Placement / Item: These four MMC parameters are used to
link information to a manageable four level hierarchy. Although Digital Analytics
recommends using each level for specific information it can be completely
customized by the client.
Vendor
Automatically group marketing links by external vendor for comparison
and audit.
Category
Group links by internal categories such as campaign name or business unit
for individual analysis.
Placement
Group links by creative for comparison across versions.
Marketing Item
Name the marketing link so that it is easily recognizable.
Table 5. Example: Email campaign
Column Header
Description
Evaluation
Vendor
Digital Impact
Affiliate
Category
Campaign 1
Specific campaign
Placement
General
Audience
Item
Sale
Title of email
http://www.client.com/product.asp?cm_mmc=digitalimpact-_-campaign1-_-general-_sale
Table 6. Example: Paid Search campaign
Column Header
Description
Evaluation
Vendor
Yahoo
Search engine
Category
Branded
Branded vs. non-branded
Placement
AdWord
AdWord vs. Sponsored link
Item
Sweatshirts
Word purchased
http://www.client.com/product.asp?cm_mmc=yahoo-_-branded-_-adword-_-sweatshirts
Marketing attribution window metrics
The Channel Summary, Marketing Programs, Natural Search, and Referring Sites
reports can use attribution window metrics to extend across paid and unpaid
channels. The attribution window logic provides an accurate way to gauge the
effectiveness of marketing campaigns.
These reports also give marketers granular control to set specific attribution
business logic that conforms to how their business can best associate valuable site
activities and transactions with the marketing programs that drove them.
Attribution window logic gives marketers visibility into how marketing programs
impact site activities. Attribution windows using First Click, Last Click, Average,
and Custom business logic are available. Each attribution window can be defined
as a forward looking window to evaluate the impact of a campaign, or in a
backward looking window to accurately attribute all activity within a specific time
period. Attribution windows can vary in length to match the duration for your
business cycle.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
27
Attribution window logic is built on the following key parameters.
Sequence
First, Last, Averaged, Client-Specific
Latency
Same Session, Same Day, 7 day, 14 day, 30 day, Client-Specific
Credit Forward, Backward
Marketing attribution sequence
Sequence in marketing attribution relates to the order of clicks in the customer
experience.
Sequence is important for the following key reasons:
v If a marketing campaign is the starting point in the customer purchase cycle,
you need to know how many times this link is the first click.
v If a marketing campaign was an influence in a sale, you need to know how
many times that link was clicked, regardless of sequence.
v If a marketing campaign was a trigger for a sale, you need to measure how
many times that campaign was the last click in the customer experience before
conversion.
Digital Analytics can attribute credit in the following ways:
First Click
For any activity or result (for example, conversion, page
view, or session), credit is attributed to the program that
first established contact with (or "touched") a visitor. First
click attribution helps you to understand where you
acquire new customers.
Last Click
Credit is attributed for an activity or result to the program
that last touched a visitor before conversion. Last click
attribution helps you to understand which marketing
programs act as triggers.
Average Across Touches
Credit is attributed for an activity or result equally to all
marketing touches, regardless of where in a
sales/conversion cycle they occurred. Average attribution is
useful to understand the value of any marketing touches
between first and last.
Custom
You can define your own business logic for assigning value.
For example, you might assign 50% of value to first touch,
25% to last touch, and 25% to all touches in between. Use
custom attribution logic to attribute credit according to
your business requirements.
The following examples illustrate these attribution types.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Jan
15
$30
Direct Load
Referring Site
Paid Search
First Click Attribution
attributes the activity
to the first attributable
source.
$30
Jan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
This is the icon for
First Click Attribution.
Figure 1. First Click Attribution Window Example
Jan
15
$30
Last Click Attribution
attributes the activity to
the last attributable source.
Direct Load
Referring Site
Paid Search
Direct Load is excluded.
$30
Jan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
This is the icon for
Last Click Attribution.
Figure 2. Last Click Attribution Window Example
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Figure 3. Average Attribution Window Example
Referring Site
Paid Search
$30
Custom Attribution attributes a
percentage to the first click and a
percentage to the last click. The
remainder is divided among all
attributable sources.
Direct Load
Jan
15
In this example:
First click 20%
Last click 50%
30% is divided between
Paid Search and Referring Site.
$19.5
$10.5
Jan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
This is the icon for
Custom Attribution.
Figure 4. Custom Attribution Window Example
Marketing attribution latency
Marketing attribution latency refers to the lag time between a customer click and
the conversion. Latency can be applied in a number of ways to marketing
campaigns depending on the context.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
If you measure with 30-day latency, you identify purchases that happen within 30
days of the click.
You can use the following latency intervals.
Same Session
Evaluates data only within the same session.
Same Day
Evaluates data only within the same day.
Client Defined
Evaluates data over a time period that you define (for
example, 7 days, 14 days, 30 days, or 60 days).
Marketing attribution logic
Credit can be attributed to marketing campaigns using forward- or
backward-looking logic.
Forward-looking logic is aimed at understanding the value of the marketing
campaign. You start with the campaign and look forward to see the results. This
type of logic is valuable in determining the optimal marketing mix in forecasting
and budgeting.
Backward-looking logic is aimed at understanding what drove the conversions.
You start with the conversion, and look backward to see the source. This type of
logic is valuable in understanding which marketing partners to credit for a sale or
conversion.
To assign credit to marketing campaigns, you must understand your overall
marketing goals. The concept of how you credit your marketing campaigns
ultimately relates to your frame of reference. When you are looking at a particular
time period, use conversion as your frame of reference. When you are looking at
all of the marketing campaigns that occurred during a specific time period, ask
what activity followed the click through.
The following examples illustrate forward- and backward-looking attribution.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
31
Figure 5. Backward-Looking Attribution Window Example
Figure 6. Forward-Looking Attribution Window Example
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Return (ROAS / ROI) from a marketing perspective can be more accurately
measured in a forward-looking model.
$$
Sales
Costs
Latent Sales
Jan 1
Feb 1
March 1
The disadvantage of this approach is that accurate data may not be timely
enough for an online marketer to respond to changing market conditions
Figure 7. Forward-Looking Window Accuracy and Latency
Figure 8. ROI Accuracy Challenges with Backward-Looking Windows
Attribution window examples
The following examples show how attribution windows attribute credit for
single-campaign and multi-campaign sales.
Single-campaign sale
A visitor clicked on a paid keyword on Monday, then came back to your site on
Thursday through direct load and made a purchase of $120. The following are
examples of how the sale would be attributed with different attribution windows.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
33
Same Session, Backward looking, Last Click
Credit the direct load with $120.00 (because the session began with direct
load).
Same Day, Backward looking, Last Click
Credit the direct load with $120.00 (because the session began with the
direct load and no marketing click in previous 24 hours).
7-Day, Backward looking, Last Click
Credit the paid keyword campaign with $120.00 because it is the most
recent interaction since the session began with direct load and the most
recent marketing click-attribution window prior to the direct load was a
paid keyword.
Multi-campaign sale
Multi-campaign usage:
Visitor clicked on a paid keyword on Monday, entered through an email campaign
on Wednesday; came back to your site on Thursday through direct load and made
a purchase of $120. The following are examples of how the sale would be
attributed with different attribution windows.
Same Session, Backward, First Click
Credit direct load with $120.00
Same Day, Backward, First Click
Credit direct load with $120.00
7-Day, Backward, First Click
Credit paid keyword $120.00 because the session began with direct load
and first marketing click in attribution window was paid keyword.
Attribution windows can be added to all marketing reports by clicking Report
Options when in report view. Then click the Metrics tab to choose the attributions
windows you want. Next, drag-and-drop one metric to the Selected Metrics
window or select multiple metrics from the Available Metrics window and click
the right arrow to move them to the Selected Metrics window. Then click Apply to
add the selected metrics to the current report view.
Marketing zoom reports
Marketing Zoom reports display performance data for a specific marketing
program. They provide detailed analysis of the profile of visitors who clicked
through on a particular campaign.
You can access Marketing Zoom reports by clicking the down arrow icon in any
row of the Marketing Programs report. Analyze the Marketing Zoom reports for
specific marketing programs to identify top items sold, top events completed, and
top referring domains.
These reports provide insight into potential new keywords to be purchased for a
Pay Per Click (PPC) campaign, or for call-to-action terms in other marketing
programs. Use it to determine which products sell well when targeting with
specific terms used in the marketing program report, or with natural search terms
that drive a fair amount of traffic.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Examples: Marketing Zoom data analysis
You can use Marketing Zoom data to refine your marketing program strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Marketing Zoom data:
Identify vendors and categories where the % of transactions is higher than the
percentage of visitors
The categories represent opportunities for further investment, because they
deliver a larger share of transactions than is indicated by their traffic.
Consider shifting the marketing budget to increase spending for these
vendors and campaigns and investigate campaign creative to identify best
practices that can be transferred to under-performing placements.
Identify vendors and categories with high conversion rates and overall
percentage of transactions
These metrics help you to identify campaigns that attract high value
visitors in general. Make changes and improvements to these vendors and
campaigns a priority over other marketing efforts. Consider A/B testing on
campaign creative for these categories to improve performance, and
expansion and refinement of keyword lists in these areas.
Identify campaigns that have a high bounce rate
An analyst can examine content and evaluate landing page relevance to
ensure that the combination of the two is relevant to the visitor. Marketers
can test various content/landing pages to optimize for clicks, conversion,
and bounce rate.
Increase promotion of top items
For the items in the campaign that are transacted often, consider
promoting these products more in future versions of the campaign.
Possibilities include showcasing the product with more compelling creative
or placing it in a more visible location within the email or landing page.
Remove promotions for items that do not result in transactions
If a promotion for a specific product is not driving the intended result;
consider removing the item to make room for more popular products.
Add cross-sell recommendations
Add recommendations for other popular items. For products that are not
converted, but not included in the promotion, consider adding these items
to your campaign emails and landing pages as cross-sell recommendations.
Marketing Zoom reports use case
The following use case shows how to complete a paid search analysis using
Marketing Zoom reports data.
Your task is to analyze data for your company's paid search campaigns to discover
which paid search vendors perform best at driving qualified traffic and conversion
to your website. MMC parameters have been appended to the website's paid
search links, which you use to track how many visitors are clicking on the paid
search links, and of those, how many sales, orders, or events resulted from clicks
on a paid search link.
You then complete the following steps to accomplish your paid search analysis:
1. Categorize marketing traffic by vendor and campaign type. Examples of paid
search vendors are FindWhat, Google, MSN, Overture, and Yahoo. Campaign
type, in this analysis, refers to branded versus non-branded keywords.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
35
2. Obtain performance data for each of the vendor groupings created including
number of sessions, conversion rates, and transactions driven by each.
3. Present this data side-by-side, creating calculations for sessions as a percent of
total sessions, and transactions as a percent of total transactions. This is
illustrated in the following sample tables.
4. Obtain the same data for the marketing campaigns you want to analyze.
5. Aggregate comparable campaigns across vendors to get a full picture of
category performance regardless of the network where the campaign was
placed. This example uses aggregated branded keywords across all vendors to
evaluate the effectiveness of the entire paid search strategy.
6. Present this data side-by-side, creating calculations for sessions as a percent of
total sessions, and transactions as a percent of total transacted. This is
illustrated in the following sample tables.
Table 7. First sample
Google
Overture
MSN
FindWhat
Sessions
281,206
93,199
59,102
15,937
Conversion
2.35%
3.29%
5.29%
6.22%
Sales
$1,176,286
$487,535
$515,875
$169,512
AOV
$178
$159
$165
$171
% of Paid Search 50%
Sales
21%
22%
7%
% of Paid Search 63%
Visitors
21%
13%
4%
Using the example data from Table 1: Google is responsible for 63% of visits, but
only 50% of sales, while MSN brings in only 13% of visits, but 22% of paid search
sales. You consider shifting ad spending from Google campaigns to MSN.
Table 8. Second sample
Brand
Women's
Men's
Shoes
Sessions
212,874
109,859
18,050
17,226
Conversion
4.85%
2.09%
5.84%
4.20%
Sales
$1,651,906
$401,809
$164,444
$130,952
AOV
$160
$175
$156
$181
% of Paid Search 70%
Sales
17%
7%
6%
% of Paid Search 59%
Visitors
31%
5%
5%
Using the example data from Table 2: Brand terms are responsible for a majority
of the sales from paid search (70%), and conversion for this category is healthy
(second highest). As a result, you focus your A/B testing efforts on this area,
possibly investigating different ad text for brand terms, before attempting to
optimize other campaigns or categories.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Natural Search report
The Natural Search report shows website traffic and conversion that results from
natural search, grouped by search string and search engine. Use this report to
identify which keywords visitors associate with your brand and to determine your
paid search marketing strategy.
The Natural Search report lists the top 10,000 search terms by default. However,
you can use IBM Digital Analytics Export to obtain all Natural Search term and
engine performance for a specific date range.
The Natural Search report can include either same-session or attribution metrics.
Same-session metrics attribute all user activity to the referral source, which initiates
each session or visit. Attribution windows use Digital Analytics visitor profiles to
look across multiple sessions or visits and reassign credit according to the selected
attribution window rules. Where you ultimately convert through Direct Load,
attribution windows can help to determine the value of natural search touch points
that lead to a conversion.
Natural Search report views
You can view data in the Natural Search report using three views:
By Keyword
Displays natural search data for each search string, regardless of the engine
that was used for the search. You can drill down on a specific search string
to view what engines where used.
By Search Engine
Displays natural search data for each tracked search engine, regardless of
the search string that was used. You can drill down on a specific search
engine to view natural search term strings that where used with that
search engine.
Full List
Displays the entire list of search string/search engine combinations. Unlike
the By Keyword and By Search Engine views, you do not have to drill
down to view more data. The Full List view is a flat file view of your
search string and search engine combinations.
Natural Search report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you are analyzing
Natural Search report data.
Sessions
The number of sessions during the selected time period that can be
attributed to the search within the attribution window.
Buyer / Visitor
The percentage of visitors who entered the website through a particular
search term or search engine and completed a purchase. This metric can be
used to measure the effectiveness of search terms at bringing qualified
visitors to your website.
Bounce Rate
The percentage of sessions that were single-page sessions during the
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
37
selected time period that can be attributed to this search. A high percentage
shows that visitors are bouncing off their arrival page without visiting
another page on your website.
New Visitor %
The percentage of new visitors during the selected time period that can be
attributed to the search.
Average Order Value
Average order value during the selected time period that can be attributed
to the search within the attribution window.
Average Session Length
The average session length during the selected time period that can be
attributed to this search. This metric can be used to determine the
stickiness of a website and the level of user engagement.
Events
The number of events that were completed during the selected time period
that can be attributed to this search within the attribution window.
Examples: Natural Search data analysis
You can use data from the Natural Search report to refine your paid search
marketing strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Natural Search data:
Seek out untapped keyword marketing opportunities
The list of top 100 natural-search and on-site search terms provides insight
into how users think about your website offerings and how they search for
your products. Consider any terms that are not already purchased from
this list as candidates for your paid search campaigns. Use natural search
conversion rates to estimate bid levels.
Examine keywords with high traffic, low conversion, and high bounce rate
Investigate ad and landing-page materials to ensure that you are obtaining
qualified traffic and that you are presenting visitors with the right
products. Create Segments to find out which pages are the primary entry
points of Natural Search traffic. Compare conversion and bounce rates to
identify pages to focus optimization efforts.
Natural Search report use case
The following use case shows how to use Natural Search report data to improve
natural search performance.
The Marketing team is about to start a Search Engine Optimization (SEO) project,
intending to increase traffic and revenue through Natural Search. To monitor any
potential uplift, you must analyze current natural search performance and create a
set of KPIs. Areas to focus on include the relative importance of brand versus
long-tail keywords and key entry pages for natural search traffic, with a particular
focus on product detail pages.
Using data from the Natural Search report, you create a pivot table in Excel that
groups search strings by the number of words, and whether they include
brand-related terms.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Keywords
Sessions
% of Traffic
% of Sales
Brand: 01
242,131
70.71%
67.71%
Brand: 02
67,805
19.96%
18.96%
Brand: 03
32,579
5.81%
9.11%
Brand: 04
9,559
1.87%
2.67%
Brand: 05
3,441
0.96%
0.96%
Brand: 06
1,301
0.36%
0.36%
Brand: 07
450
0.18%
0.13%
Brand: 08
180
0.05%
0.05%
Brand: 09
83
0.02%
0.02%
Brand: 10
39
0.01%
0.01%
Keywords
Sessions
% of Traffic
% of Sales
Other: 01
5,651
78.05%
8.05%
Other: 02
17,373
22.76%
24.76%
Other: 03
17,658
26.16%
25.16%
Other: 04
13,195
20.80%
18.80%
Other: 05
8,313
11.85%
11.85%
Other: 06
4,174
5.95%
5.95%
Other: 07
1,960
2.79%
2.79%
Other: 08
1,001
1.43%
1.43%
Other: 09
420
0.60%
0.60%
Other: 10
240
0.34%
0.34%
The resulting table indicates that most brand searches use just a single keyword,
with a sharp drop off as the number of keywords increases. In contrast, non-brand
searches tend to be more descriptive and these sessions enter two and four search
keywords.
Traffic by Number of Search Keywords
Brand
Other
80.00%
70.00%
60.00%
50.00%
40.00%
30.00%
20.00%
10.00%
0.00%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
You are also able to make similar comparisons between the Bounce Rate and
Conversion Rate for brand and non-brand keywords. The following are your trend
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
39
reports. Non-brand terms tend to have a much higher Bounce Rate, because
visitors are likely to be more goal oriented and link directly to the pages for
particular products or content of interest. Conversion Rates in this instance are also
higher for long-tail non-brand search terms.
Brand vs. Non-Brand Bounce Rate
Brand vs. Non-Brand Conversion Rate
Brand
Non-Brand
Brand
Non-Brand
70.00%
5.00%
60.00%
4.00%
50.00%
3.00%
40.00%
30.00%
2.00%
20.00%
1.00%
10.00%
0.00%
0.00%
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
To understand the landing pages for Natural Search, you create segments for the
major page groupings on the site. The website page naming conventions enable
you to create segments for Home Page, Product, Category, Store Locator and Other.
Each segment specifies matches against a particular landing page, for example
Entry Page starts with Product to group all product pages together into one
segment or Entry Page starts with Category to group all category pages into one
segment (Entry Page start can also be applied to Home, Store Locator, and Other).
Each of these segments can then be applied to the Natural Search report to derive
the following metrics.
Segment
Entry Page
Views
One Page
Sessions
Bounce Rate
Conversion
Rate
% Traffic
Home
536,066
53,112
9.91%
3.49%
62.34%
Category
163,550
18,262
11.17%
2.36%
19.02%
Product
128,480
76,282
59.37%
2.12%
14.94%
23,292
2,316
9.94%
0.44%
2.71%
8,472
2,542
29.12%
1.85%
0.99%
Store Locator
Other
The percentage of Entry Page Views can be calculated for each segment to show
the volume of traffic landing on each page type. In this instance, the Home Page
receives most of the traffic at 62%, with product pages receiving 15%. The
conversion rates shows that visitors who land on product pages are not likely to
convert, largely because 60% of them bounce immediately, having reviewed the
product they were interested in. Removing one-page sessions from the equation
shows that visitors who land on product pages and continue to browse the website
are actually the most likely to convert, at a rate of 5%.
With these metrics available for trending, you can track a set of SEO performance
KPIs, and monitor the impact of ongoing optimization efforts.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Referring Sites report
The Referring Sites report shows the websites that are referring traffic to your
website. With this information, you can track the influence of key websites on site
traffic to your website and measure the value of this traffic.
Use the Referring Sites report for the following analysis tasks:
v Identify areas of additional value to capitalize on or to re-sort the data by the
number of sessions.
v Identify traffic sources that generate a fair amount of traffic but do not generate
an appropriate amount of conversion. The referrers at the top of this list are
areas for possible improvement.
v Identify potential business partners or affiliates who are driving traffic and are
converting well.
v Use the Average Session Length and Bounce Rate metrics to identify the quality
of the traffic from the referring sites.
v Review traffic and conversion for the Referring Sites channel in the Marketing
Channels report to compare performance to other marketing channels.
v Use Benchmark to benchmark the referring sites channel to understand if traffic
and conversion from this channel is above or below the industry benchmark.
The Referring Sites report can include either same-session or attribution metrics.
Same-session metrics attribute all user activity to the referral source, which initiates
each session or visit. Attribution windows use Digital Analytics visitor profiles to
look across multiple sessions/visits and reassign credit according to the selected
attribution window rules. Where visitors ultimately convert through Direct Load,
attribution windows can help to determine the value of the paid campaign touch
points that lead to a conversion.
Referring Sites report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you are analyzing data in
the Referring Sites report.
Sessions
The number of sessions during the selected time period that are attributed
to the referring site.
Sales
Sales generated during the selected time period that are attributed to the
referring site.
Average Session Length
The average length of sessions during the selected time period that are
attributed to the referring site.
Bounce Rate
The percentage of sessions that were single page sessions during the
selected time period, that are attributed to the referring site. A high
percentage shows that visitors are "bouncing" off their arrival page without
visiting another page on your site.
Events
The number of events completed (as defined by the conversion event tag)
during the selected time period that are attributed to the referring site.
% New Visitors
The percentage of first time visitors during the selected time period that
are attributed to the referring site.
Chapter 5. Marketing reports
41
Page Views / Session
The average number of pages that are viewed in a visitor session during
the selected time period, that are attributed to the referring site.
Conversion Rate
The percentage of visitors who made a purchase during the selected time
period that are attributed to the referring site.
Referring Sites use case
The following use case shows how to select and compile data about referrers using
the Referring Sites report.
Your task is to identify the traffic and conversion on your company website from
Twitter and Facebook. The following is an extract of your results from the
Referring Sites report.
Referring site
Sessions
Sales
Buyer /
Visitor
Events
Bounce
completed rate
Average
Session
Length
facebook.com
4,517
$3,091.84
0.98%
321
49.44%
0:08:59
twitter.com
2,626
$2,734.85
0.93%
532
29.66%
0:09:48
Based on the data from the report, you find that Facebook drives more traffic and
has a higher conversion rate when compared to Twitter. However, Twitter drives
more Events Completed and has a lower Bounce Rate and Average Session Length
when compared to Facebook.
You create a segment for each of the referring sites. You apply your Twitter
segment to the Events report to determine which Events are being completed on
your website for sessions coming from Twitter. You also apply your Twitter and
Facebook segments to the Page Categories report to analyze landing page
performance. You then use this data in conjunction with LIVEview to optimize
landing pages for sessions coming to your company website from Facebook and
Twitter.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 6. Product reports
The Product reports available differ by vertical.
Note: When reporting on a completed fiscal time period such as a week or month,
the Product reports include only items that had sales during the reporting time
period. When reporting on a fiscal time period that has not yet completed, such as
week to date or month to date, the Product reports display data for all products,
including those that had no sales during the time period.
Product Categories report
The Product Categories Report offers Financial Services customers the ability to
understand, analyze, and optimize product completions and affinities. Using
Product Categories, you can measure the success of visitor interactions with
specific products.
By identifying these interactions, you can attempt to offer popular products within
varying site locations or on varying applications in an effort to increase revenue
and customer satisfaction. Product Categories can be used to pinpoint which
products do not have strong affinities and products that are often added to an
application but rarely completed. The report shows product submission,
abandonment, and viewing metrics aggregated by category.
The Product Categories report contains Product Zoom options, which you can
access by clicking the down arrow next to a product name and selecting a zoom
option. The zoom options provide data about the specific marketing channels,
marketing vendors, natural search terms, natural search engines, or referring sites
that drove the conversion for that specific product or product category.
Products versus applications
An application is the step-by-step flow to apply for a product.
Consider the following scenarios:
v One-to-one ratio between applications and products, in which each product has
a different application flow.
v One application flow that accommodates different products. For example, the
same information may be requested for home loans versus car loans; or the
process might have optional steps for different products.
v Additional products, such as cross-sell or up-sell items, in an application. For
instance, when you apply for a checking account you are also offered a savings
account (there is one application but multiple products).
In each of these scenarios, you can use the Product Categories Report to
understand the impact of specific products regardless of the application.
Product Categories report views
You can view data in the Product Categories report using the following views:
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
43
By Category view
Displays a categorized view of your products and allows you to drill into
each product category until you reach the product name and ID at the
lowest level.
By Item view
Displays a list of product names and allows you to drill-down further into
the category/categories, to which that product belongs.
Full List view
Displays all relevant columns about the product in one view, including the
product name, product ID and category. The Full List view is a flat file
view of your Products and Product Categories.
Product Categories report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when analyzing data in the
Product Categories report.
Products Selected
The total number of products added to the application that were
purchased, plus products that were added to an application that were
either removed from the application or part of an application not
completed during the session.
Products Abandoned
The number of products that were added to an application that were either
removed from the application or were part of an application not completed
within a given session.
Viewing Sessions
The number of sessions during a selected time period that included a
product page view, add to application, or a purchase of the product.
Applying Sessions
The number of sessions that were initiated during a specified time period
that included the purchase of the products during a selected time period
Buying Sessions / Viewing Sessions
The percentage of viewing sessions where the product was purchased by a
session during selected time period.
New Applicants
The number of unique visitors who made their first purchase on the
product during selected time period.
Note: New Applicants might be new or repeat visitors.
Product Categories report: Common options and views
The Product Categories report includes several options to improve the effectiveness
of your product analysis.
Consider the following options and views when analyzing data using the Product
Categories report.
v If your business is a financial services institution that has an authenticated space
(such as online banking), consider setting up two key segments: one for
authenticated sessions and one for unauthenticated sessions. Authenticated
spaces might dominate traffic on your site, so being able to separate the two
groups will allow for more meaningful analysis.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
v If you are unsure of the category in which your product resides, try using the
full list view, which will allow you to see the product and the category or
categories in which the product resides.
v Consider creating a 'Top Browsed Products' report by sorting your report on the
products selected, so you can rapidly identify the products. Further analysis and
sorting can allow you to see which of the browsed products are high-value (low
abandonment percentage). As a result, you can take action to effectively place
the items prominently on your site.
v Consider creating a 'Top Abandoned Products' report by sorting your report on
abandonment rate. This will show the products that visitors most frequently add
to applications but do not end up purchasing. Further analysis can be initiated
to investigate the reasons for such high abandonment.
Examples: Product Categories data analysis
Data in the Product Categories report can reveal opportunities to improve your
product strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Product Categories data:
A high product views/items transacted ratio indicates a creative problem
This ratio is effectively a look-to-apply ratio. If this metric is high, then
visitors are viewing a product frequently but often searching for more
information and returning to the product page before converting. To
correct the creative problem consider investing by improving content
descriptions, images, and comparison tools.
High abandonment likely indicates a process problem
Visitors might have issues with the application process. Investigate
application abandonment by using the TruePath report to address issues
with key site processes. Also, consider a deeper evaluation of the forms
within an application by using the Forms report to find high unloaded
fields.
Items with high in-session (application) overlap present cross-sell opportunities
Capitalize on immediate cross-sell opportunities by presenting the items
prominently on the relevant product and category pages.
Example Product categories
The following examples are product categories that can be defined in the Category
Definition File (CDF) for reporting in the Product Categories report.
v Navigation Categories
v On-Site Search
v Catalog Search
v Promotions
v Home page
– Such as, Home page - feature 1
– Such as, Home page - feature 2
v Category/Department pages
– Such as, Electronics - feature 1
– Such as, Women's - feature 1
v Cross Sell
v Clearance
v Wish List
Chapter 6. Product reports
45
v
v
v
v
Landing Pages
Persistent Cart
Mobile
Product related site tools
– Virtual model
– Product Zoom
Troubleshooting products listed under No Category Assigned
Products that are listed under No Category Assigned in the Product Categories
report indicate a problem with either the Category Definition File (CDF) or the
Digital Analytics tags.
Before you begin
Install the Digital Analytics Plug-in to access the Digital Analytics TagBar.
For more information about the CDF, see the Digital Analytics Implementation Guide.
About this task
Products are listed in the top-level No Category Assigned category when Digital
Analytics receives category information from a product tag, but the category ID is
not present in CDF. Products are listed in a No Category Assigned subcategory
(No Category Assigned > No Category Assigned) when the products do not send
category ID information in the Digital Analytics tag.
Procedure
1. Open the Digital Analytics TagBar.
2. Check the tags for the products under No Category Assigned.
a. For products listed under No Category Assigned at the top level, check the
category ID in the corresponding Product View tags and ensure that the
category ID is mapped correctly in the CDF.
b. For products listed in a No Category Assigned subcategory, ensure that the
Product View tags contain the correct Category ID.
3. Make any necessary changes to your Product View tags or CDF.
4. If you make changes to the CDF file, the updated file must be uploaded to
Digital Analytics.
The next time the report is processed, the Product Categories report reflects the
updated category structure.
Product Categories use case
The following use case shows how to use the Product Categories report to improve
conversion for business-related products on a company website.
Your task is to identify opportunities to increase conversion and online-driven
revenue. To drive changes, you must support your recommendations with
empirical data.
You begin by analyzing the key ratios for product categories to identify
opportunities to improve conversion. You complete the following steps:
v Obtain a list of all of the products for the small business category to analyze,
from the Product Categories report.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Obtain data about exposure and effectiveness for each product.
– Exposure can be measured by the number of sessions with a product view for
a specific product.
– Effectiveness can be measured by the number of transacting sessions divided
by the number of viewing sessions for a specific product.
v Sort the products by exposure and classify each as having either high or low
exposure. This will be an arbitrary classification depending on the specific
metrics for your site. For this site, anything below 85% is low.
v Sort the products by effectiveness and classifies each as having either high or
low effectiveness. This will be an arbitrary classification depending on the
specific metrics for your site. For this site, anything below 80% is low.
v
v Label each of your products according to the quadrant into which they fall for
analysis.
v Create a 2x2 matrix with exposure and effectiveness as the axes. Label each
quadrant appropriately for your business, and place each product into the
appropriate quadrant.
For each category, consider the following.
Products with high exposure and effectiveness
These products drive significant interest and applications. Focus on
presenting appropriate up-sell opportunities with these items to increase
customer lifetime value.
Products with low exposure and high effectiveness
These products convert customers, but are underexposed. Consider
promoting these items prominently on home and category pages, as well
as using marketing links to drive interest.
Products with high exposure and low effectiveness
These products draw customer interest, but do not drive applications. To
capitalize on customer interest there might be an opportunity to improve
the creative for the products,
Products with low exposure and effectiveness
These are niche products, drawing minimal interest and conversion. Ensure
that site search tools allow you to reach these products easily but do not
invest heavily in promotion or optimization.
Booking Categories report
The Booking Categories report shows the performance of all your travel products,
aggregated by site product categories in a hierarchical structure. Categories can
either follow your standard product hierarchy or map to the navigational
categories and site tools that visitors use to reach and purchase travel products on
your website.
The report provides insight into product categories and individual products that
drive revenue and have potential. The report also highlights products that are
underperforming and require action.
You can manage product content by category, drill into item-level detail, and
identify the appropriate online placements for travel products.
Chapter 6. Product reports
47
Booking categories report views
Use the following report views to analyze travel product data:
By category
View the performance of your product categories and drill down to view
the subcategories and the individual travel products underneath.
By item
View all your individual travel products with a drill-down against each
product where it sold in more than one product category.
by full list
View all your travel products and their product category in a
full-expanded list.
Booking Categories zoom data
The Booking Categories zoom data, which is accessed from the down arrow on
individual travel products, includes detailed marketing channel performance,
onsite search, and cross-sold metrics that led to sales of the product. Use the zoom
data for the following types of analysis:
v Evaluate the effectiveness of various marketing programs and channels for
specific travel products to identify opportunities for optimization in future
campaigns.
v View the cross-sold items data to identify opportunities for future cross-sell
recommendations to increase Average Booking Value (ABV) for a given product
(for example, travel insurance booked in the same session as a flight).
v View the onsite search terms to understand how visitors are considering a travel
product to optimize target marketing, merchandising, and page design efforts.
v Zoom in on individual categories to view detailed channel performance that led
to reservation initiation or booking of travel products in that category.
Booking Categories: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you are analyzing data in
the Booking Categories report.
Product or Room Night Abandonment Rate
The percentage of room nights placed in a booking and either removed or
not booked during the visitor's session. This indicates how well your
products are displayed and positioned in terms of price and how user
friendly and streamlined your guest/passenger details form and checkout
processes are on your website.
Product or Room Rate Views / Product or Room Nights Booked
This is the look-to-book ratio and shows the average number of times the
room rate / fare selection page was viewed to the product/room nights
booked. It indicates how well you have designed the layout of your room
rate/fare options pages and the effectiveness of the page content in
providing visitors all the information that they need to make a booking.
Product or Room Rate Views / Viewing Sessions
This is the average number of times the room rate/fare selection page was
viewed to the number of sessions that included at least one view of that
page. It measures the effectiveness of your room rate/fare selection page
content.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Product or Room Nights Conversion Rate
The percentage of viewing sessions that become booking sessions. This
indicates how well each travel product is selling on your website overall.
Use alongside the aforementioned metrics to identify which element of the
product selection process is affecting conversion.
Examples: Booking Categories data analysis
You can use the data in the Booking Categories report to adjust your travel
product strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Booking Categories data:
v For categories:
High bookings and/or Revenue Percentage
These represent the most important categories for your site. Driving
small improvements in these categories often represents a larger
opportunity than focusing on less important online categories.
Low Product or Room Nights Conversion Rate
This indicates a merchandising problem for this category of travel
products. This ratio measures how effective your overall product offer,
creative, and pricing is at driving visitors to convert. If this ratio is much
lower for a subcategory than it is for the overall parent, then consider
investing in improvements to this subcategory.
v For Products:
High Product/Room Rate Views and High Conversion
Maximize Exposure and Optimize. Travel products with the highest
number of views and a high conversion are your most popular products.
Ensure that you are maximizing exposure opportunities for upgrades
and trip extras on these product pages to increase Average Booking
Value and customer lifetime value. Also, ensure that the descriptions and
images of these products are optimized to improve conversion further.
Low Product/Room Rate Views and High Conversion: Drive Awareness
These travel products convert customers but are underexposed. Consider
promoting these items prominently on your home and category pages,
and using marketing campaigns to drive interest. For a hotel product,
consider making improvements to the hotel details page, such as the
images, location map, and area description to encourage more visitors to
click through to the rate selection page. For a flight product, consider
adding or improving comparison tools to give your visitors as many
flight and route options as possible.
High Product/Room Rate Views and Low Conversion: Improve Offering
These items draw customer interest, but do not drive bookings. There
might be an opportunity to improve the way you differentiate your rates
or fares to encourage visitors to select one and therefore capitalize on
this high customer interest. For hotel products, improve the description
around the different room types so that it is clear to the customer what
they are buying. For flights, improve the differentiation between your
fare options by clearly displaying any benefits that the visitor receives
with each fare.
Low Product/Room Rate Views and Low Conversion: Ensure Placement
These might be niche or very seasonal products and therefore are
drawing minimal interest and conversion at this time. Ensure that site
search tools allow visitors to reach these products easily. Consider
Chapter 6. Product reports
49
adding or improving your product search to include budget themed
searches such as '10 top underrated cities', to give you a portal by which
to increase the exposure of lesser viewed products.
High Product or Room Rate Views / Products or Room Nights Booked Ratio
This is effectively a look-to-book ratio. Visitors that repeatedly view
room rate, flight options, or fare selections are often searching for more
information before they are ready to make their booking. Use
Clickstream or TruePath reports to identify any repetitive steps in the
product selection process.
High Product or Room Rate Views and High Abandonment Rate
For travel products that have both a high number of views and a high
abandonment rate there might be a pricing or process problem.
High abandonment might indicate that there is competitive pricing
pressure from a third party. In this case, you could consider reducing the
price of the product, offering a promotion, or improving the product
differentiation by clearly stating, in an attractive and visual manner,
exactly what the visitor gets for the price (for example, room type or
flight cabin images, and descriptions) and any rate/fare flexibility that is
offered.
Consider improving the product selection experience to differentiate
your brand further from your competitor with something other than
price. Use the Geography report to identify your top markets and then
apply a segment (using criteria of visitor country) to the Booking
Categories report to identify if abandonment is higher for any particular
language or geographic location. Based on your findings consider
offering product descriptions in different language options. Also
prominently display any terms and conditions for the rate or fare
selected to reduce abandonment.
Consider improvements to the detailed descriptions on your selection pages. For
hotels, do you differentiate your room offerings by displaying images or videos
that highlight what each room type actually looks like? For flights, do you show
seat maps and in-flight entertainment options for each aircraft type so that your
visitors can make an informed choice?
Give your visitors more control over factors that influence price with relevant and
well-presented information. Clearly display any rate/fare conditions and
cancellation charges on the rates/fare selection page. Do you have enough
language and currency options to cater to your most popular markets and to avoid
translation barriers? Also, when a visitor has made their room or flight selection,
be sure to display the final price clearly, including a breakdown of any taxes and
fees. This should minimize visitor navigation back to the rates page to recheck the
price.
Consider new or improved comparison tools so that visitors can see all the choices
before they make their selection.
Booking Categories use case
The following use case shows how to use the Booking Categories report to analyze
and improve performance for a travel product.
Your task is to determine why conversion and revenue for the Caribbean product
category has declined over the past month.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
First, you benchmark the Caribbean category against other categories to see if there
is a site-wide issue or an issue that is specific to the Caribbean destination. Using
the By Category view, you select all the main cruise destination categories for
trending, to see if the same conversion decline is apparent across all areas.
Upon trending, you notice that the other two main cruise categories have a steady
conversion rate and only the Caribbean category is showing a sharp decline.
You now need to investigate which Caribbean destination products might be
affecting the conversion. You expand the category to view individual product
performance over the last month.
Three of the five products appear to have a much lower conversion than the other
two products and a very high ratio of Product / Room Rate Views to Viewing
Sessions, high abandonment, and a high ratio of Product/Room Rate Views to
Product/Room Nights Booked. You suspect a possible pricing issue or a lack of
clear information on the cruise rates selection page, particularly because there are
more Rate Views than Viewing Sessions.
Upon trending these five products, you see clearly that it was near the beginning
of the month that three of the products started to see a decline in conversion.
Around this time, the company changed the Caribbean cruise products to be
all-inclusive and increased the price slightly. On checking the rate selection pages
for the cruise products that have low conversion rates, you see that the description
does not explain that the new rate includes everything. The other cruise products
have visual images as well as text to highlight the benefits of the all-inclusive
offering.
Finally, you also create a forward-looking Clickstream report for the products that
have low conversion rates to identify where visitors who view these pages then
navigate to on the website. You are able to quantify how many sessions are
moving backwards (visitors selecting a rate and then returning to the rate selection
page to try and find more clarity and information for what the price includes).
You report this data to your website team to optimize product pages and pricing
accordingly.
Top Products report
The Top Products report shows the top 1,000 products viewed at least once for the
selected reporting time period. Use it to better understand what products your
customers are viewing and purchasing on your website.
The Top Products report helps you to identify which products are drawing the
most interest, and to understand the value of that interest. This information can
help you to determine effective placement for products on your site.
Top Products: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when analyzing data in the Top
Products report.
Product Views
The number of product page views for each product that was received
during the selected time period (Based on Product View tags).
Chapter 6. Product reports
51
Items Abandoned
The number of items that were added to a shopping cart that were either
removed from the cart or were part of an order not completed within a
session (Based on Shop 5 and 9 tags).
Items Sold
The total sales for the items that were purchased during the selected time
period (Based on Shop 9 tags).
Item Abandonment Rate
(Items Abandoned / Items Added to Cart) The percentage of items that
were placed in a shopping cart and were either removed from the cart or
were part of an order that was not completed within a given session
(Based on Shop5 and 9 tags.)
Examples: Top Products data analysis
You can use the data in the Top Products report to improve your product strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Top Products data:
v The Top Products report, in conjunction with the Abandoned Products and
On-site Search reports, frequently reveals hidden trends in consumer demand.
Analyze these reports periodically to help boost look-to-book ratios and product
sales.
v Products that are listed in the Top Products report are not necessarily top sellers.
Make sure that products in this report also have a high conversion rate by
reviewing their performance in the Product Categories report. Products only
appear in the Top Products report if they are among the highest viewed
products. High product views indicate interest, but if conversion is low, examine
why this product is not being purchased. Consider taking the following actions:
– Compare product prices on competitive sites and adjust pricing accordingly
to win over price-sensitive and comparison shoppers.
– Try A / B testing various product graphics and page tools (Views, zooms, and
so on) to determine if certain tools drive higher conversion than others.
– Examine the performance of product categories because high-ticket items
usually have lower conversion.
– If a Top Product is also a Top Abandoned Product, ensure that rebates or
special shipping options are clearly described on your product pages. Poorly
defined options can confuse or frustrate customers.
Top Browsed Properties (Travel) report
The Top Browsed Properties report shows the top 1,000 travel products (hotel,
flight, car rental) that visitors view most frequently.
For hotel products, visitors typically click to check the availability of a hotel and
see the room rate selections. For flight products, visitors typically click on a flight
number for route pairing and fare selections for that flight. This report enables you
to easily identify which travel products are drawing the most interest, understand
the value of that interest, and ensure that these travel products are displayed and
differentiated effectively on your website to improve your look-to-book conversion.
To focus on the top browsed travel products with the highest customer intent, sort
this report by the number of Product/Room Rate Views in descending order (click
on the metric column heading to resort). Ensure that these products are presented
on the site effectively and in a compelling manner to entice visitors to convert from
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
lookers to bookers. These products are also great opportunities from which to
drive upgrades and other trip extras such as travel insurance.
If you have more than one type of travel product (hotels, flights and travel
insurance combined), you might want to filter the report to look at each product
type separately by using the Find in Table search box or by using Report Options
to apply a filter.
Create a recurring email of this report to stay current on the most popular
products on your site. This will enable you to spot any new trends or changes in
visitor behavior.
Top Browsed Properties: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when analyzing data in the Top
Browsed Properties report:
Product or Room Nights Initiated / Product or Room Rate Views
This KPI indicates how effective your room rate or fare selection page is at
getting your visitors to choose an option and thus initiate the reservation
process. A higher ratio indicates that you are more effective in getting your
visitors to initiate a reservation for that product.
Product or Room Night Abandonment Rate
The percentage of initiated room nights that were abandoned without
being booked during the visitor's session. This KPI indicates how well
your products are displayed and positioned in terms of price and also how
user-friendly and streamlined your guest/passenger details form and
checkout processes are on your site.
Product or Room Nights Conversion Rate
The percentage of initiated room nights that were booked. This KPI
indicates how well each travel product is selling on your site overall. Use
alongside the metrics above to identify which element of the product
selection process is affecting conversion.
Examples: Top Browsed Properties data analysis
You can use the data in the Top Browsed Properties report to improve your travel
product strategy.
The following examples show ways to use Top Browsed Properties data:
High Product or Room Rate Views and High Abandonment Rate
For travel products that have both a high number of views and a high
abandonment rate there might be a pricing or process problem.
Pricing
High abandonment might indicate that there is competitive pricing
pressure from a third party. In this case, you could consider reducing the
price of the product, offering a promotion, or improving the product
differentiation by clearly stating, in an attractive and visual manner, exactly
what the traveler gets for the price (room type or flight cabin images and
descriptions) and any rate/fare flexibility that is offered.
Process
High abandonment might also indicate a process problem on the site.
When a visitor has selected a rate to start a reservation, they then typically
need to complete a guest/passenger details form. Create a forward-looking
Clickstream report for the product's guest/passenger details page to
Chapter 6. Product reports
53
identify where your visitors are abandoning. If you have high site
departure from this page, analyze the guest/passenger form in detail using
the Forms report to determine if there are any fields that visitors are
struggling to complete.
High Product or Room Rate Views and High Conversion
Travel products with the highest number of views and a high conversion
rate are your most popular items. Be sure to maximize exposure
opportunities for upgrades and trip extras on these product pages to
increase Average Booking Value and customer lifetime value. Also ensure
that the descriptions and images of these products are as optimized as
possible to try to improve conversion further.
High ratio of Product or Room Rate Views to Product or Room Nights Booked
This is effectively a look-to-book ratio. Visitors viewing room rates, flight
options, or fare selections repeatedly are often searching for more
information before they are ready to make their booking. Use a
forward-looking Clickstream report to identify any repetitive steps in the
product selection process.
Consider improvements to the detailed descriptions on your selection pages. For
hotels, do you differentiate your room offerings by displaying images/videos to
highlight what each room type actually looks like? For flights, do you show seat
maps and in-flight entertainment options for each aircraft type so that your visitors
can make an informed choice?
Clearly display any rate/fare conditions and cancellation charges on the rates/fare
selection page. Do you have enough language and currency options to cater to
your most popular markets and to avoid translation barriers? Use Segments to
measure your KPIs within your top country inbound markets.
When a visitor has made their room or flight selection, be sure to display the final
price clearly, including a breakdown of any taxes and fees. This should minimize
visitor navigation back to the rates page to re-check the price.
Consider new or improved comparison tools to show visitors all choices that are
available before they make their selection.
Top Browsed Properties use case
The following use case shows how to use the Top Browsed Properties report to
improve hotel room night conversion.
You are responsible for hotel integration on your company website. One of your
goals is to drive room night conversion by improving the accuracy and content of
the hotel details pages, including the rates selection pages for the hotels. With an
initially limited budget and time constraints, you need to quickly identify the
properties that receive the most traffic to maximize the impact of the initial
improvements on conversion.
You use the Top Browsed Properties report to see the properties with the highest
number of visitors who viewed the rate selection page.
By sorting the report by the Room Nights Initiated / Room Rate View metric in
ascending order, view the top five properties that had the lowest ratio of room
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
nights initiated to room rate views. This ratio ranges from only 20% to 37% for
these five hotels. Even though they are popular hotels, visitors are frequently not
choosing to select a room rate.
You suspect that the reason for these low ratios might be because those visitors are
not sure about the difference between each room type and might need improved
descriptions. To investigate, you set up a forward-looking Clickstream report for
each hotel room type/rate selection page to see what visitors are looking for or if
they are departing the site. You also use the site overlay in the LIVEview Click
Overlay tool for these pages to determine how many of the visitors are clicking on
the existing room type and rate descriptions links.
You determine that these pages need better hotel descriptions and more room type
images.
Abandoned Products report
The Abandoned Products report displays products that visitors most frequently
added to their shopping cart but did not purchase. Use it to investigate the
reasons, such as poor creative, pricing, or complex forms or processes, why visitors
abandoned these products.
Abandoned Products report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when analyzing data in the
Abandoned Products report:
Items Abandoned
The number of items that were added to shopping carts that were either
removed from the cart or were part of an order that was not completed
within a session during the selected time period.
Abandoned Sales
The total value of sales lost on items abandoned during the selected time
period.
Average Abandoned Item Price (Abandoned Sales / Items Abandoned)
Average Price of all abandoned items during selected time period.
Example: Abandoned Products data analysis
You can use the data in the Abandoned Products report to initiate abandonment
recovery campaigns to target visitors that had the intent to purchase but did not.
The following example shows how to use Abandoned Products data:
High abandonment indicates a pricing or process problem
Frequently, visitors use their cart as a placeholder for items that they like.
Abandonment might indicate that competitive price pressure is occurring.
Consider reducing the price or offering promotions to induce conversion.
Alternatively, visitors might have issues with the checkout/application/
booking process. Investigate process abandonment to address issues with
key site processes by using Product Categories, TruePath, Clickstream, or
Forms reports.
Abandoned Products use case
The following example shows how to use the Abandoned Products report to
decrease product abandonment.
Chapter 6. Product reports
55
Your task is to analyze which products are most often abandoned on your
company website. Based on this data, you plan to complete a pricing comparison
analysis, review customer reviews for these products, and optimize your website.
You view the Abandoned Products report for the previous month. You find that
four of the items that are listed in the report are available on three of your
competitors' websites. You discover that these websites sell these products at a
reduced rate of 5-10% compared to your website. You read customer reviews for
each of these products on your website and discover that two of these products
have many negative reviews that are related to product quality. Based on your
findings, you plan to work with your merchandising team to reprice these
products to decrease abandonment. You also plan to remove the two products that
generated the most negative reviews.
Abandoned Bookings report
The Abandoned Bookings report shows the top 1,000 travel products (hotel, flight,
car rental) that visitors frequently selected for a reservation at a particular rate/fare
but did not subsequently book.
To start a reservation for hotel products, visitors typically select a particular room
type/rate and then click through to enter their guest details. For flight products,
visitors typically select a flight time/fare and then click through the website to
enter their passenger details. This report enables you to identify quickly those
products that might have either a pricing or process issue. Based upon this data,
you can develop strategies to encourage visitors to return.
Set up a recurring daily email for this report to monitor hotels or flight routes or
destinations that might be under competitive pricing pressure. Take any
promotional or price adjustment action that is required. Optionally, set up IBM
Digital Analytics Explore attribute data collection for the hotel room type/rate or
flight/fare. When Digital Analytics Explore is enabled, use it to drill into your top
abandoned travel products to determine if particular room types/rates or
flights/fares are being abandoned.
Also, use your recurring emailed report as an efficient way to select travel
products for retargeting visitors with email campaigns. You might have the biggest
impact by using Abandoned Revenue and Average Abandoned Item Price as a
forecast guide.
Abandoned Bookings report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when analyzing data in the Abandoned
Bookings report.
Average Abandoned Room Rate
This metric indicates lost booking opportunities. It provides insight that is
useful in forecasting expected return on improvement efforts (for example,
placing the hotel/flight route in a site promotional area such as a
destination led campaign or initiating a retargeting email campaign).
Abandoned Revenue
This metric indicates lost revenue for the particular travel product and
provides context for prioritization of travel products for retargeting efforts.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Examples: Abandoned Bookings report data analysis
You can use data from the Abandoned Bookings report to identify issues with
products and form a strategy for encouraging visitors to return to these product
pages.
The following examples show how to use Abandoned Bookings report data.
Pricing issues
Travel products might be highly abandoned due to a pricing issue. A
visitor might select a particular rate/fare option and then check
competitive offerings for the same hotel or flight. Monitor the items on this
report often to see whether any products or groups of products (by
destination if the product name allows) are under pressure from
competition. Then, if needed, take promotional action for those products.
Process issues
Travel products with high abandonment rates might indicate that there is a
process issue either on the guest/passenger form details page or in the
registration process. Use TruePath reporting to identify which page in the
reservation process after rate/fare selection is the cause of the
abandonment. If the page includes a form, then use Form Analysis to
identify any obstacles with the form fields.
Abandoned Bookings report use case
This use case shows how to use the Abandoned Bookings report to improve
performance of travel products.
You are responsible for email marketing for your company. One of your goals is to
increase the percentage of channel revenue through email, which is a lower cost
marketing channel than paid search. Your company has also just launched a new
destination campaign for North America. Increasing conversion for flights to this
region is paramount for a successful quarter. You want to feature something that
complements the destination campaign in your next UK email campaign, and you
also want to target the email further to encourage those visitors back who have
shown interest in North America despite the currency pressure.
Using the Abandoned Bookings report, you search for JFK in the search box to
bring up any routes to New York that visitors abandoned in the last two weeks.
Using the Abandoned Revenue and Average Abandoned Rate metrics, you forecast
the possible revenue return from the email.
Using IBM LIVEmail, you create a targeted email campaign to all visitors who
abandoned a flight to New York. This entices them to return to the site to book
with a promotional offer.
You monitor the Abandoned Bookings report following the email campaign and
find that the flights booked to JFK have increased significantly and abandonment
has decreased. You also measure the performance of your targeted email campaign
by using data in the Marketing Programs report.
Cross Sold Products report
The Cross Sold Products report lists the top 20 items that were purchased on your
website by unique buyers. It includes the top five items that were cross-sold with
each of these products during the selected time period.
Chapter 6. Product reports
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For each cross-sold item, this report lists the number of common buyers over the
time period. It also shows the number of common visitors who purchased the two
items during the same visit. You can use this information for future cross-selling
campaigns for that item combination.
Cross Sold Products report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when analyzing data in the Cross Sold
Products report.
Common Buyers
The number of buyers who bought both primary and secondary items
during the selected time period.
Buyer Overlap %
The percentage of all buyers who purchase the primary item represented
by those who purchase the secondary item.
Shopping Cart Overlap %
The percentage of all buyers who purchase the primary item who also
purchased the secondary item within the same buying session.
Examples: Cross Sold Products data analysis
You can use the data in the Cross Sold Products report to identify opportunities for
cross-selling campaigns.
The following examples show how to use Cross Sold Products data.
Items with high in-session (cart) overlap
Present these items prominently on the relevant product and category
pages to capitalize on immediate cross-selling opportunities.
Items with high cross-session (buyer) overlap
Present up-sell offers with these items during the purchase process or
through follow-up emails to target customers.
If applicable, cross-selling intelligence gained from your online channel can be
applied to your multichannel environment. Consider catalog and in-store
placements of commonly cross-sold products to drive multichannel revenue of
such products.
Cross Sold Products report use case
This use case shows how to use the Cross Sold Products report to deliver relevant
cross-selling recommendations to visitors.
You review the Cross Sold Products report and complete the following steps and
analysis for the top-selling apparel item purchase on your company website.
v Identify the items that you want to evaluate for cross-selling potential, beginning
with the most popular items on your site.
v Determine what items cross-sell best with these items.
v Add cross-selling recommendations to appropriate category, product pages, or
onsite search results pages.
v Monitor changes on an ongoing basis and adjust recommendations accordingly.
The following is the data output from your reporting exercise using the Cross Sold
Products report.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Analyzed Item: Men's Dress Shirt
Shopping Cart
Overlap
Buyer Overlap
Reversible Belt
38.67%
5.82%
Men's Oxfords
29.11%
23.70%
Gabardine Slacks
3.33%
1.04%
Basic Sport Coat
1.25%
0.42%
Designer Tie
1.04%
0.00%
This data reveals that visitors who buy Men's Dress Shirts rarely purchase a
Reversible Belt immediately, but often return to do so. You consider a targeted
email promotion to accelerate this cross-selling opportunity. Visitors who buy
Men's Dress Shirts often buy Oxfords in the same visit. On the Dress Shirt product
pages, you plan to focus recommendations on Oxfords that match the color and
style of the shirts a visitor is viewing.
Common Applicants (Financial Services) report
The Common Applicants report provides information about the top 20 products
with the most applicants. Also, you will be able to determine the top five related
products that are most often completed by those applicants. Data in this report
allows you to optimize cross-selling opportunities, which leads to higher
conversion rates and increased customer satisfaction.
Common Applicants report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when analyzing data in the Common
Applicants report.
Applicants
The total unique applicants who purchased the primary product during the
selected time period.
Common Buyers
The number of applicants who bought both the primary and secondary
products during the selected time period.
Applicant Overlap %
The percentage of all applicants that purchased the primary product
represented by those purchasing the secondary product.
Shopping Cart Overlap
The number of applicants who bought both the primary and secondary
products within the same buying session during the selected time period.
Understanding products versus applications.
Application
The step-by-step flow to apply for a product.
Product
The product itself; such as, a credit card or home loan.
Client considerations.
v Some clients will have a one-to-one ratio between applications and products,
where each product has a different application flow.
Chapter 6. Product reports
59
v Some clients will have one application flow that accommodates different
products. Here the same information may be requested for home loans vs. car
loans; or, the process might have optional steps for different products.
v Some clients may add additional products such as cross-sell or up-sell items to
some applications. Think of applying for a checking account and also being
offered a savings account; so there is one application but multiple products.
Lastly, consider sorting your report by Application Overlap %, which allows you to
quickly identify where you have the most cross-pollination of products.
Examples: Common Applicants data analysis
You can use data from the Common Applicants report to optimize cross-selling
opportunities.
The following examples show how to use Common Applicants report data.
Products with shopping cart overlap
Present these items prominently on the relevant product and category
pages to capitalize on immediate cross-sell opportunities.
Products with high common buyers
Present up-sell offers with popular items during the application process or
through follow-up emails to target customers based on lifetime affinities.
Common Applicants report use case
The following use case shows how to improve conversion for small
business-related products on a company website.
You are responsible for the product marketing of a small business. You are looking
for ways to identify opportunities to increase conversion and customer lifetime
value by delivering cross-selling recommendations to visitors. To drive changes,
you must support your recommendations with empirical data.
You complete the following steps:
v Identify the items/products that you want to evaluate for cross-selling potential,
beginning with the most popular items/products on the site. You find one
item/product that stands out: checking accounts.
v Determine what items/products cross-sell best together with this item/product.
v Add cross-selling recommendations to appropriate category, product pages, or
onsite search results pages.
v Monitor changes on an ongoing basis and adjust recommendations accordingly.
Looking at the Common Applicants report, you find that for checking accounts, the
best cross-selling opportunities came from savings account products and the ability
to sign up for online-banking. You decide to create both onsite and offsite
promotions to drive connections between these two items/products. The following
is a review for the use case for product offsite promotions and its cross-sell items.
v An ad was featured as a one-day Home Page Takeover on MSN. This ad is also
running as part of the broader display banner campaign across:
– Advertising.com
– Yahoo!
– MSN Network
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
v The first report that you use is a 30-day applications trend within the Marketing
Programs report. You use the Marketing Programs report to track progress over
a 30-day time period, drilling into specific paid banner programs to display the
products that were submitted. Then, you view those products within the
Common Applicants report. The data reveals the following insights:
– The Home Page Takeover had the most significant impact on
Applications-Same Session for that day.
– There was a positive impact on both the MSN campaign as a whole and the
Checking campaign in its entirety.
– A subsequent lift was seen on the next day using Ad.com.
v The second report that you use to understand the most valuable real estate on
the landing page is LIVEview Click Overlay. The LIVEview report reveals the
following facts:
– The Open an Account link on the left side had the highest Click Through
Rate (CTR) at 7.83% and 403 applications submitted.
– The Open an Account button on the right side also generated a 6.95% CTR
and 245 applications submitted.
v The third report that you use to conduct a conversion analysis is the Product
Categories report. You identify the top products that were submitted by
applying a Segment for users who arrive at the site from the specific MMC
parameter that is identified for this campaign. By using the Products Categories
report and applying a Segment, you are able to isolate the top products that
were submitted by a specific set of visitors.
Cross Sold Properties (Travel) report
The Cross Sold Properties report shows the top 20 travel products (for example,
hotel or flight) with the most unique bookers (a booker is counted only once for a
product regardless of how many of this product the booker purchased) for a
selected date range.
For each booked product, the report lists five other products that are most often
purchased by the same booker, in the same session or across sessions. This
information is useful for planning future cross-selling and upgrade campaigns for
that combination of products.
Cross Sold Properties: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when you are analyzing data in the
Cross Sold Properties report.
Booker Overlap %
The percentage of all bookers who are booking the primary product,
represented by those who are also booking the secondary product in the
same session.
Bookings Overlap %
The percentage of all bookers who are booking the primary product,
represented by those who are also booking the secondary product across
different sessions (for example, a visitor makes a booking for a hotel in one
session and then makes a second booking for travel insurance in another
session).
Chapter 6. Product reports
61
To determine which products are good cross-selling or upgrade opportunities,
analyze the differential between the Booker Overlap % and Bookings Overlap %.
The larger the difference between these percentages, the better the potential is for
successful cross-selling.
Examples: Cross Sold Properties data analysis
You can use the data in the Cross Sold Properties report to identify cross-selling
opportunities.
The following examples show how to use Cross Sold Properties report data.
Products with a high booker overlap
These products are most likely to be purchased together with another
product in the same session. Present these items prominently on the
relevant product and category pages to capitalize on immediate cross-sell
opportunities.
Products with a high bookings overlap
These products are most commonly booked together with another product
but in different sessions. For example, a visitor books a standard room and
then, in a separate session, makes another booking to upgrade that room to
a deluxe one. Alternatively, a visitor books a hotel in Paris and then makes
another booking a week later for a car rental for the same trip.
For upgrade pairings, consider increasing the exposure of these offerings on your
room rate/fare options pages to encourage more bookers to upgrade in the same
session. Also, increase the exposure further by showing these upgrade options to
bookers when they sign in to their Loyalty Club account to review their booking.
Present related travel products (such as flight and travel insurance) prominently on
the relevant category and product pages during the purchase process and within
the Loyalty Club account section. So, if a visitor books a hotel in San Francisco,
display all destination services that you offer for that city in the Loyalty Club
account section when they sign in to review their booking.
Target bookers of products with high bookings overlap percentages with follow-up
emails that encourage them to book those commonly booked related products.
Cross Sold Properties use case
This use case shows how to use the Cross Sold Properties report to increase
bookings and encourage bookers to purchase more travel products.
You work for an online travel agency that sells travel products such as hotels,
flights, travel insurance, and destination services. You are responsible for managing
the content in the Loyalty Club section of the site and you have a goal of
increasing the booking conversion of Loyalty Club members who have a higher
Average Booking Value than nonmembers. You know that a large percentage of
Loyalty Club members who make a booking then return to the site the following
week to review their booking and then they depart the site immediately. You want
to capitalize on these visits and encourage bookers to purchase more travel
products or upgrades.
You use the Cross Sold Properties report to look for travel products that bookers
most commonly buy together and that would be good opportunities to display in
the Loyalty Club Account area.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
You see that there is a high bookings overlap percentage for visitors who book a
hotel in San Francisco and then return in a later session to book an Airport
Transfer, City Tour, or Alcatraz Experience. You now know that bookers who made
a booking to stay in the San Francisco hotel are a good target group to display
destination services for that city when they sign in to their Loyalty Club account.
You plan to use this pairing as your first test to see how much uplift you get from
San Francisco hotel bookers over the next month.
Enterprise Products report
Use the EPR to analyze product categories to see what percentage of sales can be
attributed to each category and which categories have the highest and lowest
conversion.
The Enterprise Products report (EPR) has four main functions. Depending on your
ecommerce needs, you might use all of these functions or just some of them.
v The EPR allows you to have absolute categorization when a product belongs
only one category. As a result, in the Product Categories report you can have
dynamic categorization based on visitor action. For example, a Men's long sleeve
shirt could live under the categories of Men's, Search, and Clearance but in the
EPR that product would only live under the Men's category. This means that
you could use the EPR to duplicate the same categorization system that a
stocking system or back end system uses.
v When you are making IBM Digital Recommendations rules the EPR is used for
category based rules. This ensures that the category rules are applied across all
potential products in that category.
v You can upload up to ten static attributes associated with each product. This can
include information such as brand, cost, stock status, or margin; allowing you to
analyze products by these attributes or filter the report based on these attributes.
v The ERP supports a predefined integration with IBM WebSphere® Commerce
Sales Center so that WebSphere Commerce customers can rapidly import and
analyze item and category sales data from the web and the call center. For more
information, refer to WebSphere Commerce documentation that is posted on
http://support.coremetrics.com/ (search on WebSphere Commerce). Also, refer
to the Enterprise Product Report Solution Brief for more information. Search the
Customer Support website for Enterprise Product Solution Brief.
To use the Enterprise Products report, the report must be enabled and then the
Enterprise Category Definition File (ECDF) and Enterprise Product Category
Mapping File (EPCMF) must be sent to Digital Analytics. These files allow you to
create a new categorization structure without effecting the standard Product
Categories report categorization and without updating product tagging on a
website. Also, the files can be uploaded directly on https://
import.coremetrics.com. Click the Import tab then select the Enterprise Product
Report.
Enterprise Product Category Definition File (EPCDF)
This file defines the category structure that is to be used in the EPR. Like
the Category Definition File (CDF), this file defines the hierarchical
structure that users will see in this report. The format of this file is almost
the same as the CDF.
Enterprise Product Category Mapping File (EPCMF)
This file defines the relationship of an item to only one node in EPR.
Chapter 6. Product reports
63
Which customers are required to provide this file?
v Any client who is not using IBM WebSphere Commerce.
v Any client who wants to import static item metrics into the EPR.
v Any IBM WebSphere Commerce clients.
Enterprise Products report views
The Enterprise Products report includes eight standard views:
v By Category: All Channels x
v By Category: Web Channel Only x
v By Category: Call Center Only x
v
v
v
v
v
By
By
By
By
By
Item: All Channels x
Item: Web Channel Only x
Item: Call Center Channel Only
Category Cross Channel
Item Cross Channel
If your primary goal is to view online products or if you are not importing call
center data, use the Web Channel view. The Web Channel view contains
session-level metrics that are not in the All Channels view. If you are importing
call center data, use the Call Center view to focus on that data set.
Enterprise Products report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you are analyzing data in
the Enterprise Products report.
Conversion rates
Which categories have high or low conversion?
Abandonment rate
Which categories have high or low abandonment?
Items sold
Do certain categories dominate item sales?
Items Abandoned
Are certain categories abandoned more than others?
Sales
Which categories make up the majority of sales?
Examples: Enterprise Products data analysis
You can focus your analysis of Enterprise Products data depending on your goals
and the static metrics you uploaded.
If you did not upload any static attributes, then use the Enterprise Products report
to view cumulative sales for individual products and categories of products.
If you uploaded static attributes, use the Enterprise Products report to analyze
those products based on the attributes. View aspects such as cost, brand, or the
combination of the two. For example, you can analyze which brands provide the
highest profits and which brands produce the least profits. Use the Enterprise
Products report to provide merchandisers with absolute information about
different brands, classes, or products.
The following examples show ways to use Enterprise Products data:
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Focus on categories that have high percentage of transactions or revenues
These categories are the most important categories for your site or division.
Driving small improvements in these categories often represent a larger
opportunity than focusing on less important online categories.
A low transacting/viewing sessions ratio indicates a merchandising problem
This ratio measures how effective your overall product offer, creative, and
pricing is at driving visitors to convert. If this ratio is much lower for a
subcategory than it is for the overall parent, consider investing in
improvements to this subcategory.
A high product views/items transacted ratio indicates a creative problem
This ratio is effectively a "look to book" ratio. If it is high, visitors view the
product frequently, often searching for more information and returning to
the product page before they convert. Consider investing in improving
content descriptions, images, and comparison tools. It might also be
indicative of a pricing obstacle; check on competitor pricing or discounts to
uncover potential issues.
High abandonment indicates a pricing or process problem
Frequently, visitors use their cart as a placeholder for items that they
prefer. Abandonment might indicate that competitive price pressure is
occurring. Consider reducing the price or offering promotions to induce
conversion. Alternatively, visitors might have issues with the
checkout/application/booking process. Investigate process abandonment to
address issues with key site processes by using Clickstream, TruePath, and
Forms reporting.
Chapter 6. Product reports
65
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 7. Events report
The Events report displays data for all conversion events that are implemented on
your website. You can use conversion events to analyze non-commerce business
objectives, understand the relative value that they deliver to the business, and
understand the marketing, promotion, and content activity that influence their
completion.
Use the Events report to track the completion of non-commerce events such as
signing up for an email or newsletter, downloading a PDF, using the Store Locator
tool, and posting a customer review on your website. The Events report shows
which conversion events are most often completed by visitors to your website.
The following list shows some of the types of activity that you can track using
Conversion Event tags:
Measure Site Stickiness
Play online game
View account info
Use online calculator
Use trip planner
Use comparison tool
Measure Self Service
Sign up for bridal registry
Download help documents
Download form
Download marketing info
Measure Retention Marketing
Register for newsletter
Sign up for webinar
Add items to wish list
Set email alerts
Multi-Channel Activity
Use store locator
Visit contact us page
Initiate chat session
Register for callback
How is data in the Events report populated?
Conversion Event tags populate data into the Events report. In order for the Events
report to populate, it is necessary to use the Conversion Events tags to track
non-commerce business objectives on your site. The Type 1 Conversion Event tag is
used when an event is initiated, and a Type 2 Conversion Event tag is used when
an event is completed. It is not necessary to use a Type 1 Conversion Event tag if
you have a one-step event (such as a PDF download). For this use case, only a
Conversion Event Type 2 tag would be used. It is necessary to pass an Event ID,
Event Category ID, and Action Type in all of your Conversion Event tags. Also, it
is necessary to have unique Event IDs to effectively track Event performance on
your website. Event Points are optional.
For more information about Conversion Event tagging, see the IBM Digital
Analytics Implementation Guide.
Digital Analytics reports that contain Conversion Events data
Event data is contained in the following Digital Analytics reports:
v Events and Abandoned Events
v Top Line Metrics Dashboards
v Session Event Funnel
v Action Ready Report
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
67
v
v
v
v
v
Marketing Channels
Marketing Programs and Marketing Zoom
Referring Sites
Natural Search
Page Categories
v
v
v
v
Top Pages
Elements
LIVEview
Site Promotions Segments
Events report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when you analyze data in the Events
report.
Events
The total number of times that a visitor successfully completed the selected
conversion event during the specified date range. The Event is completed
when a Conversion Event Type 2 tag is thrown.
Events Initiated
The total number of conversion events that were initiated (but not
necessarily completed) by visitors for each conversion event for the
specified date range. An Event is initiated or started when a Conversion
Event Type 1 tag is thrown.
Events Abandoned
The number of events (as defined by the conversion event tag) that were
initiated but not completed for the selected conversion event during the
specified date range. An Event is abandoned when a Conversion Event
Type 1 tag is thrown, but the corresponding Conversion Event Type 2 tag
is not.
Event Points
The total number of points that are captured for the selected
conversion event during the specified date range. Event Points are
an optional value that can be passed in Conversion Event tags.
Event Completion Rate
The percentage of visitors who initiate an event and complete it
during the same sessio, within a specified date range.
The Events report uses same-session logic. Events tagging and reporting does not
track events where visitors can save their progress and return in a later session to
complete the event or processes. Each individual visitor session that is tracked for
a given time period will complete an event, abandon an event, or never initiate an
event on your website.
Examples: Events data analysis
You can use the data in the Events report to increase conversion events on your
website.
The following examples show ways to use Events report data:
Tracking Email/Newsletter Sign Ups Performance
Identify which marketing campaigns are generating email or newsletter
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
sign-ups. Optimize your marketing spending by reallocating more
resources to those campaigns and discontinue campaigns that are
ineffective.
Downloading/Viewing of Help Content
Analyze individuals who interact with your Customer Support/Help
content or live chat to see whether it impacts conversion and if fewer
people contact your Customer Support team. Also, see which specific Help
content and downloads are being used the most.
Tracking Content Performance
Identify what onsite content (whether that is through pages or products)
influences a visitor to complete an Event using segmentation.
Tracking Store Locator Usage
Determine how often visitors use your Store Locator tool to find brick and
mortar stores. Analyze which locations or areas that visitors are searching
for most often. Create segments to see what this visitor segment does on
your website after searching for a store.
Events report use case
This use case shows you how to use the Events report to increase sign-ups for a
weekly email campaign.
You are responsible for driving visitors to your company website to get them to
sign up for weekly emails. You are running three different campaigns to see which
one is more successful at driving visitors to sign up for the email campaign. To
drive changes, you must support your recommendations with empirical data. You
first track the email sign-up with Conversion Events tags. When a visitor clicks the
email sign-up link on the home page, a Conversion Event Type 1 tag is thrown.
After the visitor fills out the necessary information and successfully submits the
email sign-up form, a Conversion Event Type 2 tag is thrown. After data is
collected, you create three segments that are based on the email sign-up conversion
Event ID and overlay it on the Marketing Programs report to analyze which
marketing promotion best drove email sign-ups. The following is the output of
your report.
MMC Vendor/Category/Placement/Item
Banner > Header > Email Sign Up > 10% Off
Events
Event Points
2,947
14,735
Banner > Header > Email Sign Up > Free Gift
994
4,970
Banner > Header > Email Sign Up > Free Shipping
537
2,685
The banner advertisement that promotes 10% off for the next purchase for visitors
who signed up for the weekly emails proved to be more effective than the
promotions for a free gift or free shipping. The 10% off promotion was about three
times more successful than the free gift promotion and about five times more
successful than the free shipping promotion. You stop running the promotions for
a free gift and free shipping and instead use only the 10% off promotion in the
banner advertising to promote the email campaign.
Chapter 7. Events report
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 8. Content reports
Use content reports to analyze the performance of the various types of content on
your website. Digital Analytics includes reports for page types, on-site search, real
estate, site promotions, elements, and forms.
Page Categories report
The Page Categories report groups pages based on navigational structures on your
website. You can monitor the page view and conversion influence, and assign a
value to pages based on the amount of revenue or conversion behavior that the
page influenced.
The Page Categories report is available from the Reports menu in the side
navigation pane (Reports > Content > Page Categories). The category hierarchy
that is used in this report for pages on your website is defined in the Category
Definition File (CDF). For more information about the CDF, see the Digital Analytics
Implementation Guide.
You can view page zoom data to understand how well a page is optimized for
natural search. The zoom data shows which search terms and search engines are
driving traffic to the page. To view the natural search page zoom data for a specific
page on your website, click the arrow icon next to the page name in the table.
Page Categories report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when you analyze data in the Page
Categories report.
Page Views
The number of views that each page received during the selected time
period.
Bounce Rate
The percentage of sessions for total visitors who viewed only one page
during the session and it was a page within the specified content category.
Unique Visitors
The number of unique visitors who visit the specified page or pages that
roll up into a content category during the selected time period as
determined by the Digital Analytics permanent cookie.
Average Time on Page
The average amount of time (displayed in minutes and seconds) that
visitors spent on the specified page or pages that roll up into a content
category during the selected time period.
Examples: Page Categories data analysis
The Page Categories report is commonly used to identify the underperforming
pages of entry in a website and uncover opportunities to enhance landing-page
effectiveness. You can identify the top ten pages of entry, noting the average
time-on-page and bounce rate for each entry.
The following examples describe actions that can be taken, based on data in the
Page Categories report.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
71
For pages with longer than average time-on-page
This result might indicate that products or services are hard to find or that
the page layout is confusing. Compare these pages to pages with lower
than average time-on-page to determine problem areas and to identify
opportunities for better usability. Analysts can also consider viewing
Clickstream reports of visitors from these pages to determine which
products and content visitors were seeking. This information can then be
presented prominently on the landing page, instead of requiring visitors to
search for it.
For pages with high bounce rates
This result might indicate that users are not seeing the information that
they expect, and are immediately departing. Consider all the referral
sources that lead users to these pages and the offerings and promotions on
the page, and optimize accordingly. For example, ad copy on paid-search
marketing might be improved to give users a better idea of what to expect
when they click through the link, resulting in more qualified traffic.
For content with high usage and value
These site features are already providing great ROI. The biggest
opportunity here is to target customers that use this content with email or
content-specific offers to increase the number of visits they make to your
site.
For content with high usage and low value
This content draws customer attention, but does not successfully drive
them to convert. Consider allocating resources to enhance the creative,
content, or features for these pages to increase customer value and
conversion.
For content with low usage and high value
This content drives customers to convert, but does not receive much
visibility. Consider promoting this content or site feature more prominently
on the home or category pages of your site, and in navigational areas.
For content with low usage and value
These site features should be prioritized very low in terms of your site
resource and budget allocations, overall.
You can also use this report for A/B Testing purposes. Often to perform A/B
testing on a website, you can use two distinct page IDs for both test segments.
Sales and orders can be used as a good measurement of how each group is
performing, if you are using two pages, two categories, or two groups of pages to
measure an A/B test your website. For websites that emphasize content, the
number of events, bounce rate, and average time on page can be used.
Example Page categories
The following examples are page categories that can be defined in the Category
Definition File (CDF) for reporting in the Page Categories report.
v Customer Service
– General Customer Service
– Warranty
– Privacy Policy
– Return policy
v Company Information
v Online Chat
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v Store Finder
v Product Reviews
– Mobile
v Product Related Content
– Such as, gardening tips, how to fly fish
Troubleshooting pages listed under No Category Assigned
Pages that are listed under No Category Assigned in the Page Categories report
indicate a problem with either the Category Definition File (CDF) or the Digital
Analytics tags.
Before you begin
Install the Digital Analytics Plug-in to access the Digital Analytics TagBar.
For more information about the CDF, see the Digital Analytics Implementation Guide.
About this task
Pages are listed in the top-level No Category Assigned category when Digital
Analytics receives category information from a page tag, but the category ID is not
present in CDF. Pages are listed in a No Category Assigned subcategory (No
Category Assigned > No Category Assigned) when the pages do not send
category ID information in the Digital Analytics tag.
Procedure
1. Open the Digital Analytics TagBar.
2. Check the tags for the pages under No Category Assigned.
a. For pages listed under No Category Assigned at the top level, check the
category ID in the corresponding Page View tags and ensure that the
category ID is mapped correctly in the CDF.
b. For pages listed in a No Category Assigned subcategory, ensure that the
Page View tags contain the correct Category ID.
3. Make any necessary changes to your Page View tags or CDF.
4. If you make changes to the CDF file, the updated file must be uploaded to
Digital Analytics.
The next time the report is processed, the Page Categories report reflects the
updated category structure.
Page Categories use case
This use case describes how to use the Page Categories report to maximize site
stickiness and conversion rates.
To begin your analysis, you complete the following steps.
v Identify the key content sections of the company website that you want to
analyze.
v Obtain the number of sessions and conversion rate for each page category or
page name.
v Create two more columns within this data set, one for value and one for usage.
v To assign labels to these columns, you obtain the average number of sessions
and average conversion rates across categories.
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v For value, you sort by conversion rate. For all categories equal to or greater than
the average, you assign a value of high. For all categories below the average,
you assign a value of low.
v For usage, you sort by session volume, and for all categories equal to or greater
than the average, you assign a value of high. For all categories below the
average, you assign a value of low.
v Create a 2 x 2 matrix with value and usage as the axes, then label each quadrant
according to your business need (see the example output).
v Label each of your categories according to the quadrant into which they fall for
analysis.
Each content category or page is mapped to a quadrant in a 2 x 2 matrix, as shown
in the following example.
Figure 9. Example content matrix
The following is an example of the data chart results.
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Content Category
Sessions
Usage
Conversion
Rate
Value
Tips and Tricks
4150
High
7.20%
High
Product Features
3726
High
1.20%
Low
Product Comparison
3198
High
0.9%
Low
Enlarge Product Image
2913
High
4.50%
High
Rebate Information
1724
Low
6.60%
High
Recipes
1441
Low
2.30%
Low
IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Content Category
Sessions
Usage
Conversion
Rate
Value
How to Accessorize
963
Low
3.10%
Low
Gardening Basics
500
Low
4.70%
High
Based on the Page Categories report results, you reach the following conclusions:
The Gardening Basics content is effective at converting visitors, but it is poorly
trafficked. Your team decides to promote this content more heavily on the
gardening category and product pages to drive more traffic to this website feature.
The product comparison tool drives considerable customer interest, but does a
poor job of converting visitors. You decide to analyze this tool in greater detail to
determine what changes can be made to encourage conversions and to improve
user experience.
Top Pages report
The Top Pages report shows the top 1,000 pages that were viewed at least once for
the selected time period. Use it to better understand the most popular pages on
your site.
Note: To see data for other pages, including pages that are not among the top
1,000 for the selected time period, access the Page Categories report.
For each top page, the report shows the number of unique visitors and page views,
and the average amount of time that visitors spent on the page. By determining
the most commonly viewed pages on your website, you can identify which pages
should receive the highest priority in development and marketing strategies. The
Average Time on Page metric can help you to identify potential problems with a
page. For example, if the average time spent on a form page is longer than
expected, this data might indicate the need to optimize or simplify the form.
Next steps
You can use the following reports to further analyze data for specific pages that are
displayed in the Top Pages report:
v Page Categories
v Clickstream
v Forms
v LIVEview
v Key Segments
Top Pages report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when you analyze data in the Top
Pages report.
v Top 1,000 Pages
The top 1,000 pages that were viewed on your website at least once during
the selected time period.
v Page Views
The number of views each page received during the selected time period.
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v Unique Visitors
The number of unique visitors who visit the specified page during the
selected time period as determined by the Digital Analytics permanent
cookie.
v Average Time on Page
The average amount of time (displayed in minutes and seconds) that
visitors spent on the specified page during the selected time period.
Top Pages report use case
This use case describes how to use the Top Pages report to help determine which
pages should be given priority when scheduling enhancements and to lay out
improvements.
You are responsible for customer experience on your company website. To
determine which pages to focus your time on, you must determine which pages
are the top viewed pages and how much time is being spent on those pages. From
the Top Pages report below, you are able to determine that the My Account: Sign
In page is taking longer than the expected amount of time for visitors to complete.
From this information, you decide to focus on improving the layout and sign-in
requirements for customers.
Page name
Page views
Unique visitors
Average time
spent on page
Product Search Results
151,525
34,571
00:32
Home Page
127,221
83,434
00:43
View Cart
29,889
8,142
00:43
Category: Women's Dresses
23,543
15,987
00:31
Category: Women's Tops
21,323
12,632
00:33
Category: Women's Pants
20,352
12,023
00:25
My Account: Sign In
15,614
9,346
00:59
Category: Women's Jackets
12,024
7,332
00:38
Category: Children's
10,884
5,985
00:41
6,347
5,031
00:37
Category: Women's Shoes
Exit Pages report
The Exit Pages report shows the top 1,000 exit pages that were viewed at least
once for the selected time period. It lists the last page of your visitors' sessions,
showing you where they are leaving your website. Use this report to better
understand how to optimize your website.
Note: To see data for other pages, including pages that are not among the top
1,000 for the selected time period, access the Page Categories report.
Often, the home page is not only the top entry page, but also the top exit page.
Other pages, such as shopping cart or order status, are typical exit pages. Aside
from your home page or other recognized exit pages, consider enhancements to the
top exit pages to ensure that visitors continue to browse your site and ultimately
convert.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Next steps
You can use the following reports to further analyze data for specific pages in the
Exit Pages report:
v Page Categories
v Clickstream
v Forms
v LIVEview
v Key Segments
Exit Pages report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when analyzing data in the Exit Pages
report.
v Top 1,000 Exit Pages
The top 1,000 exit pages that were viewed at least once on your website
during the selected time period.
v Exit Page Views
The number of sessions that ended with the specified page during the
selected time period.
v Page Views
The number of views each page received during the selected time period.
v % of Total Exits
(Exit Page Views / Total Sessions) The percentage of all sessions that
ended with the specified page during the elected time period.
v Exit Rate:
(Exit Page Views / Total Page Views) The percentage of all page views for
the specified page that are exit page views.
Exit Pages use case
This use case describes how to use the Exit Pages report to identify ares for site
improvements that can lead to conversions.
You are responsible for maintaining stickiness on your company's website. Your
company noticed that conversions decreased last week. To help battle this trend,
one of your goals is to determine which exit pages should be given priority when
scheduling optimization and layout improvements. To determine which exit pages
to focus your time on, you must determine which pages are the top exit pages. In
the following Exit Pages report, you see pages you did not expect to see in the
report. You see a survey page that does not include advertizing or links to other
parts of the website. You then schedule some enhancements to that page to
encourage customers to continue browsing on the site after completing the survey.
Page name
Exit page
views
Page views
% of Total
Exits
Exit Rate
HOME
67,617
179,564
37.61%
37.66%
THANK YOU
43,987
50,235
28.80%
87.56%
ORDER STATUS
23,431
67,644
16.09%
37.64%
STORE LOCATOR
21,532
28,356
14.55%
75.93%
CATEGORY: HOME &
GARDEN
15,345
52,132
10.66%
29.43%
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77
Page name
SURVEY
Exit page
views
Page views
% of Total
Exits
Exit Rate
13,762
14,452
9.40%
95.22%
CATEGORY: TOYS
9,324
16,762
4.12%
55.63%
BASKET SUMMARY
7,016
17,278
3.02%
40.60%
NO SEARCH RESULTS
5,368
14,864
2.19%
36.11%
SEARCH RESULTS: PAGE 1
2,098
5,185
2.07%
40.46%
Entry Pages report
The Entry Pages report shows the top 1,000 entry pages that were viewed at least
once for the selected time period. Use this data to determine whether your visitors'
entry page behavior meets expectations, and whether to consider enhancements in
this area.
Note: If you want to see data for other pages, including pages that are not among
the top 1,000 for the selected time period, see the Page Categories report in the
side navigation pane (Reports > Content > Page Categories).
Next Steps
You can use the following reports to further analyze data for specific pages in the
Entry Pages report:
v
v
v
v
v
Page Categories
Clickstream
Forms
LIVEview
Key Segments
Entry Pages report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Entry Pages report, you can
identify areas for improvement in your website entry pages.
Top 1,000 Entry Pages
The top 1,000 entry pages that were viewed at least once on your website
during the selected time period.
Entry Page Views
The number of sessions that begin with the specified page during the
selected time period.
Page Views
The number of views each page received during the selected time period.
% Total Entries
(Entry Page Views / Total Sessions) The percentage of all sessions that
began with the specified page during the selected time period.
Entry Rate
(Entry Page Views / Total Page Views) The percentage of all page views
for the specified page that are entry page views.
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Entry Pages report use case
The following use case describes how to use the Entry Pages report data to
identify possibilities for entry page enhancements.
You are responsible for customer experience on your website. Your company
recently noticed that one-page sessions increased last month. To help battle this
trend, one of your goals is to determine which entry pages should be given
priority when scheduling optimization and layout improvements. To determine
which entry pages to focus your time on, you must determine which pages are the
top entry pages. From the following Entry Pages report, you determine that the
Spring Fashion Show Video was a much more popular entry page than you
expected. You prioritize some immediate enhancements to that page aimed at
encouraging customers to dive deeper into the website after they watch the video.
Page name
HOME PAGE
Entry page
views
Page views
% of total
entries
Entry rate
104,418
139,976
55.31%
74.60%
22,876
24,653
11.80%
92.80%
CATEGORY: WOMENS
CLOTHING
7,549
35,644
4.00%
21.18%
PRODUCT SEARCH
RESULTS
4,620
19,044
2.45%
24.46%
SWEEPSTAKES ENTRY
FORM
3,519
17,354
1.86%
20.28%
CATEGORY: WOMENS
SHOES
3,208
155,150
1.70%
2.07%
CATEGORY: TALK
FORUMS (4645235)
2,650
9,220
1.40%
28.74%
MENS_CLOTHING
2,207
2,948
1.17%
74.86%
NO SEARCH RESULTS
2,097
85,297
1.11%
2.46%
MY ACCOUNT: SIGN IN
2,028
4,831
1.07%
41.98%
SPRING FASHION SHOW
VIDEO
Error Pages report
The Error Pages report displays the top 20 error pages most frequently
encountered by visitors during the reporting time period. By monitoring error page
data, IT teams can correct broken links and site applications before they impact
overall customer satisfaction.
Error Pages report: Key performance indicators
Focus on these key performance indicators when you analyze data in the Error
Pages report:
Sessions
The total count of sessions that saw that specific error page during selected
time period.
% of Total Sessions
The percentage, of the total number of sessions, that viewed a specific
error page during a selected time period. (For example, the sessions that
viewed Error Page A equals what percentage of the Total Sessions.)
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Examples: Error Pages report data analysis
You can use the Error Pages report to pinpoint and troubleshoot problem areas on
your site.
The following examples show how to use Error Pages report data.
Review of the Error Page column
Validate that error tag generation is accurate. For example, the site might
contain pages that deliberately do not exist. Confirm that contingencies for
error pages are in place, such as redirects.
Review of list of Error Page Referrals
Isolate the internal pages that most commonly lead to system error pages
for immediate correction. Identify external pages that generate entry
system error pages for review with third-party vendors that generate traffic
or SEO opportunities.
Next Step Suggestions
v Internal Error Pages:
– Determine whether a specific browser type is causing the error more
than others.
– Use LIVEview Click Overlay on error page referring pages to identify
links/areas that drive page errors.
– Use backward-looking Clickstream reports to isolate visitor paths that
lead to errors.
v External Error Pages: Evaluate traffic sources that lead to errors.
Error Pages report use case
This use case shows how to use the Error Pages report to identify problems with
website pages.
You are responsible for a seamless transition of your company website from an old
platform to a new one. The new website will be done as a split test before it is
rolled out. One of your goals is to make sure that no technology gaps occur.
Your first step is to start tracking existing top Error Pages as a benchmark to
compare before and after the split test launch. Next, from the day of the split test
launch, you check the Error Pages report each day.
You review the Error Page column for any instances of URLs from the new
website. When an assessment of which pages are problematic is taken, you zoom
on each individual page to see how traffic is arriving at the page.
If the error page is being reached by way of an internal page, you take a closer
look to determine which page ID is associated with the Referring URL (consider
using Digital Analytics Explore for this task). Then, you use forward-looking
Clickstreams and LIVEView reporting to see how the errors are being generated.
If the error page is being reached by way of an external or third-party page, you
dive in deeper to determine the channel source of the traffic that is arriving at the
error page. If the source is Paid Marketing (MMC), you work with the Marketing
team to address the links that vendors are passing. If the source is Natural Search,
you work with the Content team to review their SEO efforts. If the source is
Referring Sites or Direct Load, you work with both Business Owners and IT teams
to fill in the gaps in content inventory to correct the error pages.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
On-Site Search report
The On-Site Search report provides data about on-site searches performed on your
site.
By clicking the down arrow in a row in the Keyword column, you can access
zoom data about the sessions that entered a specific term. The following options
are available:
Cross Searched Terms
The most common search terms from the same visitor session. This data
provides insight about how your visitors are talking about your products
or content.
On-Site Search Zoom
A comparison of this term to similar search terms. The terms that are
included for comparison have similar spellings (SANDELS is similar to
SANDALS), are substrings of the search term (SAND is a substring of
SANDALS), or the search string is a substring of the similar term ("NAVY
SANDALS" has SANDALS as a substring).
Top Items Sold
The top items sold in sessions where the selected search term was used.
Use this data to analyze the product placement within onsite search results
pages.
You can also use Clickstream reports to analyze the ease of use of the search input
mechanism and results pages.
To better understand the performance of onsite search on your website, you can
compare your onsite search performance and conversion against onsite search
averages for a particular vertical and specific subvertical using IBM Digital
Analytics Benchmark. For more information, see the IBM Digital Analytics
Benchmark User's Guide.
On-Site Search report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the On-Site Search report, you can
identify potential areas for improvement in your on-site search performance.
Searching Sessions
Total number of unique sessions where the term was searched for during
the selected time period.
Average Number of Results
The average number of returned search results that a specified search term
generates during the selected time period. This metric can be used to
identify terms that return zero results.
Orders
The total number of orders that were received in the same session in which
buyers searched using the specified term.
Sales
The total sales that were generated in the same session in which buyers
searched using the specified term.
Orders / Searching Session
The average number of orders that were completed per searching session
during the specified time period.
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81
On-Site Search report use case
This use case shows how to use the On-Site Search report to identify ways to
improve onsite search performance.
You are responsible for tracking and improving onsite search performance and
conversion for your company website. You want to use the On-Site Search report
to identify popular search terms that return no search results to visitors on the
website. You plan to drive incremental revenue and customer satisfaction by
identifying these terms and tuning the onsite search engine to return results.
You complete the following steps using the On-Site Search report.
1. Identify the site-wide average for applications, bookings, orders, or revenues
per search.
2. Sort search-term performance by using the average number of results metric.
3. Identify the top searches with no results returned, based on the number of
search sessions.
4. Calculate the potential value from ensuring that these search terms return
results. Assume that an increase in conversion would result in the customer
converting at an average rate.
Based on your On-Site Search report results, you consider the following actions:
For zero-search-results terms that correspond to available product
Populate the search engine results page with the appropriate products and
descriptions to meet visitor needs.
For zero-search-results terms that do not correspond to available product
Depending on the magnitude of customer interest and its alignment with
brand goals, consider adding this product to your online offering.
Real Estate report
The Real Estate report provides data about the performance of multiple onsite
links on a single page on your website. Use it to determine how different areas
and aspects of a page are performing.
With the hierarchical reporting layout, you can use naming conventions to test the
performance of alternative versions, measure changes, and determine high-value
real estate.
Real Estate reporting uses same session logic and takes into account all activity
that occurs during a session, including activity before and after the click. Use this
report to analyze your Real Estate from the highest level for an individual page or
drill down to view the granularity of performance by link.
LIVEview and the Site Promotions report can be used with the Real Estate report
to analyze link and promotion performance across all pages on your website.
Related concepts:
“Site Promotions report” on page 85
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Real Estate report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Real Estate report, you can
identify potential areas for improvement in your real estate linking strategy.
Clicks The number of times the specified link is clicked during the selected time
period.
Impressions
The number of times this element appeared on a page that was viewed
during the selected time period.
Click-Through Rate
The percentage of times this link was clicked when it appeared on a page
during the selected time period. The rate is calculated as the number of
clicks divided by the number of impressions.
Conversion Rate
The number of buying sessions divided by the number of clicking sessions
during the selected time period.
Sales
The total sales generated from sessions that clicked this link during the
selected time period. This report looks at all sales from any session that
clicked this link, including sales that occurred before the link was clicked.
Enabling Real Estate tracking
Real Estate tracking must be enabled before Digital Analytics can capture Real
Estate data.
About this task
The following procedure is an overview of the tasks that must be completed to
enable Real Estate tracking.
Procedure
1. Use the Tracking Code Generator to append Real Estate tagging parameters to
the end of the destination URLs on links that you want to track.
2. Send an email to [email protected] listing the Page IDs you want to
enable.
3. Add your Real Estate links to your HTML code.
Impressions data in the Real Estate report
Data for the Impressions metric in the Real Estate report is captured using Link
Impression tags. Link Impression tags are thrown for each link that is tracked with
Real Estate tagging parameters.
Ten Link Impression tags equal one server call. If an increase in server calls
concerns you, impression tracking in this report can be disabled. When disabled,
impressions or click through rate metrics are no longer populated in the Real
Estate report, but all other metrics populate as normal. Impression tracking in this
report can be disabled by submitting an email to [email protected] As a
work-around, the page views metric can be used to measure how many times that
page or link was viewed. Then, you can use the page view and clicks metrics to
manually calculate click through rate metrics, which are comparable to a click
through rate metric that uses impressions and clicks.
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83
If you are concerned about the impact of Real Estate parameters on SEO
performance on your website, Digital Analytics provides you with the option of
implementing manual Real Estate tagging that allows for Real Estate data to be
collected without effecting SEO performance. Manual Real Estate tagging passes
the Real Estate parameters in the Digital Analytics Link Click tags but you do not
see Real Estate parameter values within the URLs in your browser.
For more information about this tagging option, visit the Customer Support
website at http://support.coremetrics.com/ and search for Manual Tagging.
Examples: Real Estate report data analysis
You can use the Real Estate report to identify potential areas for improvement in
onsite link performance.
The following examples show how to use Real Estate report data.
Identify areas with high click-through rates
These areas of the page are the most frequently clicked, which indicates the
natural browsing preferences of users. These locations are best for placing
key content or information that you want to provide for maximum
exposure.
Identify areas with high conversion rates
Areas with high conversion rates represent the best place to capture high
value visitors. Given the value of this real estate, merchants can reserve
these placements for products or offers that provide the highest margin for
the company.
Real Estate report use case
This use case shows how to use the Real Estate report to track the effectiveness of
different areas on a home page.
You are responsible for analyzing the home page for your company website. You
determine which areas have the most valuable real estate to promote clearance
products. One of your goals is to see which area is the best at converting visitors.
To evaluate the home page, you must support your findings with empirical data.
You track four different areas on the home page with Real Estate parameters:
v Left navigation
v Center area promotions
v Featured products
v Ads on the right side of the page
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
The following is the output of your Real Estate report after one month of data
collection.
Area
Click-through rate
Conversion rate
Left Navigation
68.25%
2.08%
Center Area Promotions
32.15%
5.14%
Featured Products
15.58%
5.55%
Right-side Ads
24.15%
3.15%
This data shows that the Featured Products area represents the highest value real
estate on the page, with a conversion rate of 5.55%. Your team decides to promote
clearance products in this area of the home page, especially for clearance products
with proven effectiveness at driving conversion. Then, you use the Product
Categories report to find your top converting clearance products.
Site Promotions report
The Site Promotions report provides data about the success of onsite links or
promotions on multiple pages or placements on your website.
The report provides data on aggregate activity for links or banners across your
website. With the hierarchical categorization, you can track impressions and
performance for dynamic promotions and A/B tests.
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Site Promotions reporting uses same session logic and takes into account all
activity that occurs during a session, including activity before and after the click.
Use this report to analyze your Site Promotions by Promotion Type, or drill down
to view the granularity of link performance by page.
LIVEview and the Real Estate report can be used with the Site Promotions report
to analyze link and promotion performance across all pages on your website.
Related concepts:
“Real Estate report” on page 82
Site Promotions report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Site Promotions report, you can
evaluate the effectiveness of your site promotions.
Clicks The number of times that the specified link is clicked during the selected
time period.
Impressions
The number of times that this element appeared on a page that was
viewed during the selected time period.
Click Thru Rate
The percentage of times that this link was clicked when it appeared on a
page during the selected time period. This is calculated as the number of
clicks divided by the number of impressions during the selected time
period.
Sales
The total sales that were generated from sessions that clicked on this link
during the selected time period. This report looks at all sales from any
session that clicked on this link, including sales that might have happened
before the link was clicked.
Events
The total number of events that were completed (as defined by the
Conversion Event tag) from sessions that clicked on this link during the
selected time period.
Enabling Site Promotion tracking
Site Promotion tracking must be enabled before Digital Analytics can capture Site
Promotion data.
About this task
The following procedure is an overview of the tasks that must be completed to
enable site promotion tracking.
Procedure
1. Use the Tracking Code Generator to append Site Promotions tagging
parameters to the end of the destination URLs on links that you want to track.
2. Add your Site Promotions links to your HTML code.
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Impressions data in the Site Promotions report
Data for the Impressions metric in the Site Promotions report is captured using
Link Impression tags. Link Impression tags are thrown for each link that is tracked
with Site Promotions tagging parameters.
Ten Link Impression tags equal one server call. If an increase in server calls
concerns you, impression tracking in this report can be disabled. When they are
disabled, impressions or click-through rate metrics are no longer populated in the
Site Promotions report, but all other metrics populate as normal. Impression
tracking in this report can be disabled by submitting an email to
[email protected] As a work-around, the page views metric can be used to
measure how many times that the page or link was viewed. Then, you can use the
page view and clicks metrics to manually calculate a click-through rate metric,
which is comparable to a click-through rate metric that uses impressions and
clicks.
If you are concerned about the impact of Site Promotions parameters on SEO
performance on your website, Digital Analytics provides you with the option of
implementing manual Site Promotion tagging, which allows for Site Promotion
data to be collected without affecting SEO performance. Manual Site Promotion
tagging passes the Site Promotion tagging parameters in the Digital Analytics Link
Click tags but you do not see Site Promotion parameter values in the URLs in your
browser.
For more information about this tagging option, visit the Customer Support
website at http://support.coremetrics.com/ and search for Manual Tagging.
Examples: Site Promotions report data analysis
You can use the Site Promotions report to identify potential areas for improvement
in your promotions strategy.
The following examples show how to use Site Promotions report data.
For promotions with low click-through rates
This indicates that the offer was not as relevant to visitors as other
promotions. Consider replacing this promotion with a more popular one or
revising the offer creative.
For promotion pages with low click-through rates
A low click-through rate on a specific page indicates that the offer was not
relevant to visitors to that page. Consider removing the promotion from
this page and replacing it with another, or evaluating the page content to
understand how the offer could be modified to increase relevance.
For promotions with high click-through but low conversion rates
This offer drove interest, but did not result in a purchase. Consider
evaluating the landing page for the promotion to understand what
customers expected to find and how those products or services could be
presented in a more compelling light.
Site Promotions report use case
This use case shows how the Site Promotions report can help to identify ways to
improve the performance of site promotions.
You are responsible for analyzing the effectiveness of two onsite promotions that
are running on multiple pages on your company website. One of your goals is to
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see what pages on your website best convert visitors for each promotion. To
evaluate these promotions, you must support your findings with empirical data.
You track two promotions, a membership offer and a free shipping offer, with Site
Promotions parameters. The membership offer is present on three pages on your
website and the free shipping offer is present on two pages.
The following is the output of your Site Promotions report after one month of data
collection.
Promotion
Page
Membership offer
Click thru rate
Conversion rate
17.87%
3.56%
Cart
29.18%
4.91%
Home page
18.49%
3.82%
5.93%
1.94%
27.99%
4.44%
Home page
28.98%
2.40%
Cart
27.00%
6.48%
Services
Free Shipping
This data shows that the Membership Offer promotion had an overall
click-through rate of 17.87% and a conversion rate of 3.56%. This promotion was
clicked the most when it was present on the Cart Page, and also had the highest
conversion rate of 4.91%. The Membership Offer was also effective at converting
visitors on the Home page. You continue to promote this offer on these two pages
on your website. However, the Membership Offer was not successful when placed
on the Services page, so you consider removing the promotion from the page.
The Free Shipping promotion had an overall click-through rate of 27.99% and a
conversion rate of 4.44%. This promotion was clicked the most when it was present
on the Home page, but it converted higher on the Cart page with a conversion rate
of 6.48%. Although the Free Shipping promotion was more successful when placed
on the Cart page than on the Home page, you leave the promotion on both pages
because the home page is an entry point to the website. It is beneficial to inform
visitors of promotions that are running on the website before they enter the
checkout process.
Elements report
The Elements report shows which Web 2.0 applications visitors are using to dive
deeper into your website.
Examples of actions that are typically tracked with Element tagging are AJAX
hover-overs, dynamic content filters, portal views, and online videos. Usually,
interaction with these elements does not open a new page, but changes the content
that is displayed on the current page. Therefore, standard Page View tagging and
reporting is insufficient to accurately determine the performance of these elements.
The Elements report is a dedicated resource for monitoring visitor interaction with
these intra-page elements.
The By Category view groups Elements into Element categories. You can drill into
each category to display the specific Elements in the category. Use this view to
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analyze aggregate Element performance at a category level. The By Element view
is a simple flat-list report that displays all of the Elements that receive at least one
view during the reporting time period.
For more information about Element tagging, see the Digital Analytics
Implementation Guide and the Elements use case documentation on the Customer
Support website at http://support.coremetrics.com/. Search for Elements
Implementation and Elements Use Case.
Elements report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Elements report, you can
monitor visitor use of intra-page elements.
Element Views
The total number of times an individual element was viewed by visitors to
your website for the date range selected. For category rows, the Element
Views metric reports the sum of all element views for all individual
elements included in the selected category for the date range selected.
Although the term View is used, it is not necessarily the number of times
that an Element appeared a page. For example, for a play video button,
this metric represents the number of clicks the play button received.
Sessions
The total number of sessions that included a view of the selected element
for the date range selected. For category rows in the report, the Sessions
metric is de-duped (Reports the total number of sessions in which at least
one element in the selected category was viewed for the date range that
was selected.).
Orders
For Retail vertical clients, the Orders metric reports the total orders in
sessions where a particular element or element category was viewed by a
visitor.
Events
If your website is using Conversion Events tagging and reporting, the
Events metric reports the total number of events that were completed
where a particular element or element category was viewed by the visitor
during that same session.
Event Points
The total number of event points for sessions where the particular element
or element category was viewed during the specified time period.
Examples: Elements report data analysis
You can use the Elements report to identify potential areas for improvement in
visitor interaction with elements on your website.
Because the Element Views metric signifies an interaction with an Element,
interpretation of the results that are shown in the report depends on the nature of
the Element in question. For example, low Element Views for a dynamic Product
Details content area might signify that visitors are not engaging well with the
product in question (for example, visitors view the product but do not seem to be
interested in learning more about it). In this situation, the result might prompt a
repositioning of the product, either in terms of price or presentation.
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Low Element Views of a video play button might signify low popularity, which
might mean that the video in question has a poor visibility on the website.
Segmentation using Elements
Digital Analytics offers the ability to create report segments that use Element
Names or Element Categories in their criteria. These segments can then be used to
filter other Digital Analytics reports. For example, an Element segment can be
applied to the Product Categories report to show which products were purchased
by visitors that viewed that Element on your website. This data can then be used
to drive future promotions.
For more information about report segments, see the Digital Analytics User's Guide.
Elements report use cases
These use cases show how the Elements report can help to identify potential areas
for improvement in visitor interaction with elements on your website.
Use case 1: Measure the value that product videos contribute to
the website
Monitoring the overall conversion rate for an initiative might not be revealing;
more granular metrics are required to fully evaluate the contribution. Consider that
visitor interactions with the video features are not automatically tracked in Digital
Analytics unless the Element Tag is deployed.
Business objective
Increase the browser-to-shopper conversion rate by offering Flash-based
product videos on product detail pages.
Report analysis
The Elements report analysis identifies the product videos that are being
viewed on the website and the direct contribution the video views have on
the browser-to-shopper conversion point. The analysis also reveals that not
all products and product categories require the video production
investment. At a more granular level, various video tactics can be
measured against each other to identify the optimal presentation style.
Each function (Start, Stop, Forward, Backward, Pause, and so on) can be
tagged with an Element tag, in this case, for deeper granular analyses.
Actions
v Clearly state the website business objectives for the product videos.
v Identify the key performance indicators for measurement of the
initiative.
v Develop a naming convention and category strategy for the Element
tagging implementation on the videos.
v Tag the video functions (Start, Stop, and so on) for the videos you want
to track.
v Report the key performance indicators to all stakeholders for the agreed
on level of reporting.
v Analyze the data at a more granular level to determine which tactics
encourage the preferred visitor behavior.
v Optimize the website based on visitor behavioral findings.
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Use case 2: Measure and optimize category page Flex content
filters:
Monitoring the overall sales metric for this initiative might not be revealing; more
granular metrics are required to fully evaluate the contribution. Consider that
visitor interactions with the Flex content filters are not automatically tracked in
Digital Analytics unless the Element Tag is deployed.
Business objective
Increase browser to shopper conversion rate, in fewer page views, by
offering Flex content filters on product category pages.
Report analysis
The Elements report analysis identifies the filters that visitors are
interacting with on the website for specific product categories and the
direct contribution the filters have on browser-to-shopper conversion. The
analysis also reveals that not all content filters are required for specific
product categories. At a more granular level, various content filters can be
measured against each other to identify the optimal presentation style or
positioning. Each filter (Size, Color, Style, Brand, Price, and so on) can be
tagged with an Element tag in this case for deeper granular analyses.
Actions
v Clearly state the website business objectives for the content filters.
v Identify the key performance indicators for measurement of the
initiative.
v Develop a naming convention and category strategy for the Element
tagging implementation on content filters.
v Tag the content filters (Size, Color, and so on) as they apply to each
category page that you would like to track.
v Report the key performance indicators to all stakeholders for the agreed
upon level of reporting.
v Analyze the data at a more granular level to identify the tactics that
encourage the preferred visitor behavior.
v Optimize the website based on visitor behavioral findings.
Forms report
The Forms report delivers data to gauge the success of forms on your website and
to help diagnose issues within forms. Use it to see how sessions interact with
HTML forms, including completion and time on page metrics.
You can access the Forms report from the Reports menu in the side navigation
pane (Reports > Content > Forms). You can view the website form alongside the
Forms report to see the data side-by-side with the form. To locate the form in the
Forms report, you might need to obtain the form name from the HTML source
code.
Form Action tags
Form Action tags populate data into the Forms report. Form Action tags are
thrown automatically for HTML forms on your site. Digital Analytics looks for
HTML forms on your site and populates form action tags for these forms.
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Best Practice Suggestion: Form Names and Form fields are decided by a client's
website developers and appear in the page code. Digital Analytics advises our
clients to use business/user friendly names for form names and fields. Consult
with your website developers to edit or update form and field names. The form
and field names in the Forms report are read from the html code of the forms
themselves. To ensure that forms and fields report correctly, each form should have
a distinct name.
Form Action tags will not gather data from non-html forms and fields that are
coded with flex or other programming languages. Non-standard HTML form
submission processes (for example a Java™ submit) will need additional tagging for
data to populate into Forms report. Contact Digital Analytics Customer Support at
http://support.coremetrics.com/ for more information about how to tag
non-standard HTML forms.
Forms Zoom report
You can analyze form field edits and abandonment by drilling into Form Zoom
reports. You can access the Forms Zoom report by clicking the down arrow icon
next to the specific form name in the Forms report. The Forms Zoom report
provides detailed reporting on the user experience of visitors who interacted with
a specific form. It provides general overview metrics for the form as a whole and
data about how visitors interacted with each text field on the form. This
information can help you to understand specifically which fields are causing
abandonment and to identify possible design flaws or unclear messaging about
required actions.
When you analyze data in the Forms Zoom report, you can reorder the rows so
that they correspond to the layout of the form itself, with the data in the first field
listed first.
Forms report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Forms report, you can monitor
the effectiveness of the forms on your website.
Sessions
The number of visitor sessions that perform an action on a form (Upload,
Submit, or Reset).
Page views
The total number of page views by visitors for those pages that contain the
named form.
Submits
The total number of times visitors submitted the named form, irrespective
of whether the form submission was successful.
Unloads
The total number of times visitors interacted with the named form (for
example, edited a text field or drop-down menu) and then failed to submit
the form.
Average time
The average amount of time (in minutes:seconds) that visitors spent on the
page or pages that contain the named form.
Max time
The longest amount of time (in minutes:seconds) that a visitor spent on the
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
page that contains the named form. The maximum time spent on the form
might include sessions that timed out due to inactivity, which can increase
the time count.
Min time
The shortest amount of time (in minutes:seconds) that a visitor spent on
the page that contains the named form.
Field edited %
The total number of times a visitor edited a named field on the selected
form divided by the total edits for all fields in the named form for the user
specified time period.
Unload field %
The total number of times a visitor unloaded a particular form from the
named field divided by the total number of times the form was unloaded
for the specified time period.
Examples: Forms report data analysis
You can use the Forms report to identify ways to improve the user experience with
forms and form fields on your website.
The following examples show how to use Forms report data.
High Average Time/High Unloads per Page View
Review the form for design flaws that are adding time or confusion to the
visitors' experience. Some potential design flaws to focus on are unclear
requests for information, a form of excessive length, or form fields that are
not logically grouped. These items can contribute to visitor frustration,
thus increasing the number of unloads. Drill in on form fields for deeper
analysis.
High Percentage of Unload Fields
Fields that represent the last field before unload are typically problem
fields for customers. Evaluate these fields to determine whether the text
that leads up to the field is unclear to visitors. Review error messages to
ensure that messages are helpful and relevant. Determine whether the field
is necessary or if it can be modified or removed to encourage visitors to
submit the form.
Also, observe the fields that have the highest unload percentage, and then
note which fields come next in the form. The fields that follow are often
the trouble spots. An unload field is the final field that was touched before
the form was abandoned. That means that the next field in the form was
not touched at all. For example, if a form asks for an address followed by a
social security number and many visitors abandon at the social security
field, then the address field is the final field touched – the unload field.
Form and Form Field Considerations:
v Consider ways to improve form layout, flow, and supporting text.
v Does the form ask visitors to input the same data multiple times? Consider
pre-filling data that a user might have already entered (such as billing and
shipping addresses that are the same).
v Is all of the requested information required? Can the information be obtained
from different sources? Consider removing fields or use more optional fields for
non-required information such as age or gender.
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v Consider conducting usability tests to further diagnose issues by observing
visitors' experience.
v Look for forms that have high abandonment and then use the Forms Zoom
report to focus on the fields within those forms.
v In the Forms Zoom report, focus on the field edited percentage and the unload
field percentage. Look for the form fields where the most unloads occur.
v Track important forms (such as registration or key checkout forms) on a weekly
basis, using a recurring weekly email for the Form Zoom report data. Daily
emails might be too granular, and monthly emails might be delivered too late to
resolve unexpected problems that might appear.
Forms report use case
This use case shows how to use the Forms report to troubleshoot problems with a
website checkout process.
You are responsible for the checkout process on your company website. To track
this process, you create a TruePath Funnel report to monitor the steps in the
checkout flow. To analyze the performance of forms and form fields in the
checkout process, you use data from the Forms and Form Zoom reports. Then, you
complete the following steps:
v For each form in the checkout process, you identify the page views, submits,
unloads that follow an entry, and average time-on-page that the checkout forms
receive.
v You identify a benchmark average time-on-page for similar forms.
v You calculate an abandonment index by dividing the number of unloads by the
number of page views for a particular checkout form.
v You identify what the average abandonment index is for forms in the checkout
process.
v For forms where visitors spent an unusually high amount of time on the page,
or the page has an above-average abandonment index, you drill or zoom in for
further detail.
v For these pages, and for each field on the page, you identify what percentage of
the time that field was the last one edited before a visitor unloaded the form
(unload field %).
The following is the data that you extract from the Forms report:
Table 9. Example Forms report data
Form Name
Page Views
Submits
Unloads
Unloads/Page Average
Views
Time
Shipping
Page
33,535
6,084
38
0.11%
0:56
Payment
Information
29,936
6,449
1,930
6.45%
1:16
Billing Page
28,843
5,355
223
0.77%
3:07
The following is the data that you extract from the Forms Zoom report:
Table 10. Example Forms Zoom report data
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Form Field Name
Unload Field %
Card Number
18.39%
IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Table 10. Example Forms Zoom report data (continued)
Form Field Name
Unload Field %
CCV
11.90%
Card Holder
26.79%
Expiration Date
8.93%
Card Type
35.71%
Gift Certificate Number
1.19%
The following are the conclusions that you make based on the forms data:
The Payment Information form has the highest unloads per page views at 6.45%,
compared to the other two forms in the checkout process. You drill in for details
on this form to determine whether there are problematic fields that can be
modified to decrease the amount of unloads.
The Card Type and Card Holder fields show the highest percentage of unload. You
consider adding help text to clarify what information is required of the visitor for
these fields.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 9. Paths reports
Use the Paths report to analyze the behavior of visitors as they progress through
your website.
Session Event Funnel report
The Session Event Funnel shows you how successfully visitors progress through a
website to complete conversion events at a site-wide level. Conversion events are
non-commerce, high-value objectives on your website that are defined by the
Conversion Event tag.
You can access the Session Event Funnel report from the Reports menu in the side
navigation pane (Reports > Paths > Sesson Event Funnel). The event completion
funnel illustrates how visitors progress through the website and complete events,
and the frequency at which they are converted.
Use the Session Event Funnel report to identify potential bottlenecks that visitors
encounter that prevent them from successfully completing their objectives on your
website. You might want to monitor the overall effect of major landing page design
changes, conversion process changes such as registration, or the addition of
significant new events.
You can compare different time periods to find key points in the process that are
increasing or declining in success. Alternatively, you can compare time periods to
measure the before and after impact of a major site change on the overall event
conversion process.
Session Event Funnel report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Session Event Funnel, you can
determine whether visitors are successfully completing conversion events on your
site.
Visit
Displays the percent or count of sessions that viewed at least one page on
the site.
Browse
Displays the percent or count of sessions that contain two or more page
views. The browse rate is the inverse of the bounce rate.
Initiate Event
Displays the percent or count of sessions that initiated an event. A
Conversion Event tag with an initiate value is optional. Also, if an Event
Completion tag does not have a corresponding Initiate tag, the event
initiation is assumed.
Complete Event
Displays the percent or count of sessions that completed an event.
Examples: Session Event Funnel report data analysis
You can use the Session Event Funnel report in combination with other reports to
look for ways to drive conversions on your website.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
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For dramatic drop-off from Visit to Browse
Review the Entry Pages report to look for major entry points that have
high bounce rates to identify visitor goals that are not being met.
Use a solid event completion rate to drive key business objectives
With a solid event completion rate, review the Events report to drill down
deeper and find top events that can be used to drive key initiatives. The
following are examples of events for key actions on a website.
Improve retention
marketing
Increase site stickiness
Play online game
View account information
Use online calculator
Use trip planner
Use comparison tool
Register for newsletter
Sign up for webinar
Add items to wish list
Set email alerts
Improve self service
Multi-channel activity
Sign up for bridal registry Use store locator
Download help documents Visit contact us page
Download form
Download marketing info Initiate chat session
Register for callback
Tip: See the Events report for details about individual event performance. Locate
the Events report from the left navigation pane by selecting Reports > Events.
Session Event Funnel use case
This use case shows how data from the Session Event Funnel report can be used to
support customer experience improvements on a website.
You are responsible for customer experience on your company website. You are
testing a system with a real-time supply of data for ski conditions, and you want
to verify the impact that this system has on sign-ups, alerts, and other high-value
tasks on the website. To determine whether this system is a good permanent
investment, you must qualify the impact on conversion events with empirical data.
You configure the Session Event Funnel to display the past eight weeks, four
weeks after the test system is implemented. The following is the trend for the
Event Session Funnel data.
Date
98
Visit
Browse
Complete
Initiate event event
Week of 3/1/2010 3/7/2010
100.00%
70.25%
5.10%
5.00%
Week of 2/22/2010 2/28/2010
100.00%
67.98%
4.40%
4.39%
Week of 2/15/2010 2/21/2010
100.00%
68.20%
4.46%
4.44%
Week of 2/8/2010 2/14/2010
100.00%
67.36%
3.18%
3.17%
Week of 2/1/2010 2/7/2010
100.00%
67.36%
2.60%
2.60%
Week of 1/25/2010 1/31/2010
100.00%
67.05%
3.00%
2.90%
Week of 1/18/2010 1/24/2010
100.00%
68.35%
2.70%
2.60%
Week of 1/11/2010 1/17/2010
100.00%
64.50%
2.80%
2.60%
IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
For the weeks that lead up to the new system test, the event completion rate was
in the range of 2.6% - 2.9%. Also, the browse rate was about 67% for most weeks.
The implementation of the new system introduced a new style of updates available
on the website and was expected to drive more sign-ups. In the four weeks after
the implementation went live, the overall event completion rate climbed to nearly
5%. The browse rate also climbed slightly to about 69%, which shows that more
visitors are going deeper into the company website.
You review the Events report to confirm which top conversions are driving this
trend. You recommend making the new system a permanent part of site
functionality, based on the positive lift shown in the Session Event Funnel report.
Session Purchase Funnel report
The Session Purchase Funnel Report provides helps you to understand aggregate
conversion effectiveness across all website visits. Use it to identify site conversion
effectiveness, based on session behaviors, and to allocate investment to maximize
visit conversion.
You can compare visitor groups to see how the conversion of New Visitors, Repeat
Visitors, or Previous Buyers differs for those with previous interaction on a
website.
Session Purchase Funnel report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Session Purchase Funnel report,
you can evaluate conversion effectiveness across your site.
The Session Purchase Funnel Report populates data for four conversion points.
Total Sessions (Visit)
The number of sessions that reached your website.
Browsing Sessions (View Product)
The number of sessions that viewed a product page, added an item to their
market basket or cart, or completed a purchase.
Shopping/Prospect Sessions (Add to Cart)
The number of sessions that added products to their market basket or cart
or completed a purchase.
Buying/Customer Sessions (Buy)
The number of sessions that completed a purchase.
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Session Purchase Funnel
• Viewing Sessions—All sessions to your site.
Viewing Sessions
• Browsing Sessions—Sessions in which a product
page was viewed, an item was added to the market
basket/cart, or a purchase was completed.
- Tag Thrown: Product View
- # Browsing / # Viewing
Browsing
Sessions
• Shopping Sessions—Sessions in which an item
was added to the market basket/cart or a purchase
was completed.
- Tag Thrown: Shop 5
- # Shopping / # Viewing
Shopping
Sessions
• Buying Sessions—All sessions in which a
purchase was completed.
- Tag Thrown: Shop 9
- # Buying / # Viewing
Buying
Sessions
Leveraging the four-conversion point framework, ecommerce managers can set
specific goals for conversion effectiveness, and align staff resources around
achieving measurable goals. An example of the possible business goals and owners
is detailed in the following diagram.
Visitor
Browser
Simplified Goal
Visitor traffic
Simplified Goal
Site stickiness
Owners
Marketing: placement
and positioning re:
banners, affiliates, paid
keywords, email, etc.
Owners
Design/Development:
site design re:overall
navigation
Design/Development:
site design re: landing
page optimization
Merchandising:
optimize product
placement overall
and relative to
individual browser
Prospect
Customer
Simplified Goal
Items added to market
basket
Simplified Goal
Smooth transaction
process
Owners
Shared by marketing
and merchandising:
relevant offers on site
and in marketing
communications
Owners
Design/Development:
site design re:
checkout, booking, or
application process
Design/Development:
site design re: layout
and features of
product pages
Merchandising: focus
on impulse and up-sell
opportunities
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you analyze data in the
Session Purchase Funnel report.
v % of Total Visitor Sessions
v % of Browsing Sessions
v % of Shopping/Prospect Sessions
v % of Buyer/Customer Sessions
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
There are four segment types for the key performance indicators.
All Visitor Sessions
The total number of sessions for every visitor during the selected time
period.
New Visitor Sessions
The number of first sessions for a visitor during the selected time period.
Previous Visitor Sessions
The number of all sessions that are not new visitor sessions during selected
time period.
Previous Buyer Sessions
The number of previous visitor sessions where a visitor made a purchase
on the website in a previous time period.
Examples: Session Purchase Funnel data analysis
You can use the Session Purchase Funnel report to develop a strategy for
improving conversion rates.
If Visitor Sessions conversion is low
Investigate marketing effectiveness to assess opportunities for optimizing
channel spending, creative, or audience targeting.
If Browser Sessions conversion is low
This result might indicate a problem of site stickiness or the ability for
your visitors to locate products on your site. Investigate site navigation
and product placement concerning how your visitors search for products.
If Shopping/Prospect Sessions conversion is low
Investigate product page creative and pricing to understand why
customers are not adding products to their shopping cart.
If Buying/Customer Sessions conversion is low
Investigate process abandonment for applications, registrations, checkout,
or bookings to identify where customers are experiencing issues and
departing the website.
TruePath and Clickstream
Reporting can be set up as a next step to further investigate pathing
progression and attrition for each of the conversion points.
Session Purchase Funnel report use case
This use case shows how data from the Session Purchase Funnel report can be
used to develop a strategy to maximize conversions.
Your goal is to analyze website conversion effectiveness, based on session
behaviors, to allocate investment to maximize visit conversion. You are also
investigating ways to improve the customer experience and increase conversion on
your company website. To drive changes, you must support your
recommendations with empirical data.
You analyze the Session Purchase Funnel report for last month for your website
and compare the conversion points to Benchmark reporting. The following is the
output data from the Session Purchase Funnel and Benchmark reports.
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Sub-vertical
Benchmark
Conversion
Points (All
Sessions)
% of Total
New Visitor
Sessions
% of Total
Previous
Visitor
Sessions
% of Total
Previous
Buyer
Sessions
Total Sessions 100.00%
100.00%
100.00%
100.00%
100.00%
Browsing
Sessions
55.96%
48.44%
42.21%
55.44%
51.56%
Shopping/
Prospect
Sessions
5.54%
7.02%
4.87%
13.89%
16.79%
Buying/
Customer
Sessions
3.14%
3.12%
2.60%
3.37%
4.59%
Conversion
Point
% of Total
Visitor
Sessions
Shopping/Prospect session conversion is low when compared to the Benchmark.
Your web team considers evaluating product descriptions and images to persuade
more visitors to add products to their market basket. Also, your web team decides
to investigate competitor pricing to determine whether they are being undercut.
This information helps the team to determine whether discounting is appropriate.
Finally, your team decides to ensure that key links are above the fold on product
pages.
Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report
The Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report shows a high-level overview of the
booking conversion steps on your website. The data is presented as both a table
and a funnel. Options show how many sessions you had on your website, and
how many of those sessions moved on to the next step in the booking conversion
process.
Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report: Key performance
indicators
The Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report tracks booking conversion within each
session as opposed to tracking conversion across multiple sessions. If a visitor
came to the site multiple times during the period of your report, each session
counts individually.
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you analyze the Session
Purchase Funnel (Travel) report.
Sessions
The total number of visitor sessions to your site within the specified date
range.
Product/Room Viewing Sessions
The number of sessions to your site, within the specified date range, where
the session viewed at least one of your travel product rate selection/fare
options pages during that session. The Product View tag is what populates
data into this report row.
Booking Initiated Sessions
The number of sessions to your site, within the specified date range, where
the visitor initiated at least one booking during that session. A visitor
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initiates a booking by selecting a particular travel product rate or fare
option and proceeding to the guest/passenger details page.
Booking Sessions
The number of sessions to your site, within the specified date range, where
the visitor completed a booking during that session.
Examples: Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report data
analysis
You can use the Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report to identify areas for
improvement in your bookings conversion strategy.
Low Total Sessions
Investigate marketing effectiveness to assess opportunities for optimizing
channel spend, creative, or audience targeting.
Low Product/Room Viewing Sessions
Investigate home page real estate effectiveness, navigational categories, and
on-site search effectiveness to determine what challenges visitors encounter
when they try to find a travel product. Look in depth at your hotel/flight
search tool to ensure that you have enough search options so visitors can
find what they want. Is your search configured to appeal to visitors who
do not have a destination in mind and need some guidance? For example,
can they search by location, theme, and budget?
Low Booking Initiated Sessions
Investigate room rate/type descriptions and images, flight fare options,
booking conditions, clarity of price and the price itself to understand why
visitors are not selecting a rate or fare option.
Low Booking Sessions (conversion)
Investigate process abandonment for registrations and Loyalty Club
account login and booking form usability to identify where visitors are
experiencing issues and departing the site. Do you provide reassurance to
your customers and clearly state during the booking process the
cancellation options?
Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report use case
This use case shows how to use the Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report to
improve booking conversions.
You manage a car rental company. The company had a meeting to discuss a drop
in the website conversion over the last few weeks. There were a number of
changes to the site recently, including a slight change to the booking process. You
are responsible for investigating what is affecting the drop in conversion.
You use the Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) report to get a clearer idea of which
part of the site is affecting conversion.
You enable the date compare function to see the number of sessions on each step
for last week and the prior week. You find that the number of sessions to the site
is up from the prior week and the number of sessions where visitors viewed a car
rental rates page and initiated a booking is also up from the prior week.
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The number of booking sessions, however, is showing a significant drop of 12.85%,
and the number of booking sessions for new visitors dropped by 60.71%. You
determine that something in the booking process caused the issue and that it
affects new visitors disproportionately.
Next, you create TruePath and Clickstream reports to see which steps within that
booking process are causing visitors to leave the booking funnel. You pay attention
to new visitors in particular and where on the website that departing paths
sessions are going if not to the next intended step.
You discover that the recent change to the booking process now requires that
visitors sign up for the Loyalty Program before they can complete a booking. You
recommend improvements to the guest booking site to make these steps easier for
new visitors to complete the booking process. After these changes are
implemented, you measure how these changes improve conversion on your
company website by using the Session Purchase Funnel (Travel) and TruePath
reports.
Session Application Funnel report (Financial Services)
The Session Application Funnel Report offers Financial Services users the ability to
find ways to attract qualified visitors and optimize their website experience.
Looking at site session activity can often uncover room for improvement in various
areas of the website. By doing a simple analysis of your website traffic at the
session level, you can get a high-level snapshot of the health of your website.
Session Application Funnel report: Key performance
indicators
Focus on the following key performance indicators when you analyze the Session
Application Funnel report.
All Visitor Sessions
The total number of sessions for every visitor during selected time period.
% of Total Visitor Sessions
The percentage of all sessions that met the Digital Analytics conversion
point criteria.
New Visitor Sessions
The number of first sessions for a visitor during the selected time period.
% of Total New Visitor Sessions
The percentage of new visitor sessions that reached that conversion.
Previous Visitor Sessions
The number of sessions that have been to the site before the selected time
period
% of Total Previous Visitor Sessions
The percentage of previous visitor sessions that reached that conversion.
Previous Applicant Sessions
The number of previous visitor sessions where a visitor completed an
application on the site in a previous time period.
% of Total Previous Applicant Sessions
The percentage of total previous visitor sessions that reached that
conversion.
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Conversion Point Criteria
Total Sessions (Visits)
The number of sessions.
Browsing Sessions (View Products)
The number of sessions that have a product view, add an item to
application, or complete an application.
Initiated Application(s) Sessions
The number of sessions that add at least one item to an application
or complete the application.
Applicants Sessions
The numbers of sessions where an application was completed.
Understanding products versus applications:
Application
The step-by-step flow to apply for a product.
Product
The product itself; such as, a credit card or home loan.
Possible scenarios:
v You might have a one-to-one ratio between applications and products, where
each product has a different application flow.
v You might have one application flow that accommodates different products.
Here the same information might be requested for home loans versus car loans;
or the process might have optional steps for different products.
v You might add additional products such as cross-sell or up-sell items to some
applications. Think of applying for a checking account and also being offered a
savings account; so there is one application but multiple products.
Examples: Session Application Funnel report data analysis
You can use the Session Application Funnel report to monitor branding initiatives
and investigate trends.
Analyze marketing exposure online: The ratio of Direct Load Sessions (sessions
where users directly type your site's URL into their browsers) to all sessions is
evidence of the success of branding initiatives. If you see this ratio increase over
time, you are successfully promoting your brands and traffic is now coming
directly to your site. If this ratio is decreasing or the number of Direct Load
Sessions itself is decreasing, you should use the Marketing reports to further
analyze how you can increase your brand recognition.
If you have recently increased your marketing exposure online, you should expect
Referral and Search Referral Sessions to increase. However, in the absence of an
increasing marketing spend, these numbers should remain constant or should
decrease as brand recognition increases. If these session metrics are not trending as
predicted, you might want to investigate this behavior using the Marketing
reports.
Investigate trends in average session time: Trends in the Average Session Time
metrics can be indicative of the ease of use of the site. The goal with these metrics
is to increase the Average New Session Time, meaning that new visitors are
spending longer on the site and hopefully doing more in that time, and to decrease
the Average Repeat Session Time, meaning that repeat visitors are finding their
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105
desired content faster. To improve these trends, use the TopLine Metrics and Page
Categories reports to discover where time is spent on the website.
The Page Views/Session metric is also useful to trend over time. An increasing
trend means that sessions are browsing deeper into your website. If this number is
decreasing or you want to improve this ratio's growth rate you should conduct
further analysis using the Page Categories and Clickstream reports to determine
where and why sessions are departing.
Session Application Funnel report (Financial Services) use
case
The following use ase shows how data from the Session Application Funnel report
to increase conversions on a website.
You are responsible for the user experience for the Home page of your company
website. One of your goals is to analyze and improve customer experience when a
visitor arrives at the website. The goal of the Home page is to effectively
encourage browsing deeper into the website and to intuitively guide visitors to
begin the actual application process. Your goal is to identify opportunities and
recommend changes to drive incremental revenue and increase browser conversion
for the Home page.
You review data from the Session Application Funnel report to identify high-level
statistics for new and repeat visitor sessions. Then, you gather the following Home
page performance data using LIVEview Click Overlay.
Home page metrics
January
February
Average Time on Page
1:27
1:24
Bounce Rate
42%
30%
Entry Rate
78%
78%
9%
13%
Conversion Rate
The following two links showed the highest click-through rate for the Home page
as reported in LIVEview Click Overlay. These two links also had the the highest
conversion rate (Applications/Session).
January
Home page Link
CTR
February
Applications/
Session
CTR
Applications/
Session
Get Rates Button
8.30%
14%
7.10%
15%
Account Sign In Link
6.90%
3.5%
7.50%
3.20%
You work with the user experience and marketing teams to determine the best way
to highlight links on the Home page that have a high conversion rate. Your web
team conducts an A/B test on the Home page to test creative, key links, and
button location on the Home page, and the top navigation. Your team uses the
Session Applications Funnel and LIVEview reports to measure pre-test and
post-test performance. Based on the test results, your team then optimizes the
Home page to increase conversion.
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Visitor Purchase Funnel
The Visitor Purchase Funnel report offers users the ability to identify site
conversion effectiveness based on unique visitor behavior. You can gain insight on
buying and navigation habits, compare visitor types, and trend key conversion
points. You can also compare Visitor Groups to see how the conversion of New
Visitors, Repeat Visitors, or Previous Buyers differs from those with previous
interaction on a website.
How to create a Visitor Purchase Funnel report: The Visitor Purchase Funnel
report is a standard report that is available immediately without any configuration
and is located in the Paths reporting group.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
Use the compare feature to quickly find key points in the process that are
increasing or declining in success.
You can use the compare feature to measure the before and after impact of a major
site change on the overall event conversion process.
Visitor Purchase Funnel report: Key performance indicators
The Visitor Purchase Funnel Report populates data for five conversion points.
Visitor Conversion (Visit)
The number of unique visitors that reached your site.
Browser Conversion (View Product)
Every visitor that views a product detail page, adds a product to shopping
cart, or places an order.
Shopper/Prospect Conversion (Add to Cart)
Every visitor that adds a product to the shopping cart or places an order.
Buyer/Customer Conversion (Buy)
Every visitor that purchases a product.
X2 Buyer/Loyalty Conversion (Buy 2+ Times)
Every visitor that places two or more orders during the selected time
period.
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Visitor Purchase Funnel
• Visitor—The number of unique visitors reaching
your site.
Visitor
• Browser—Every visitor that views a product detail
page, adds an item to the shopping cart, or places
an order.
- Tag Thrown: Product Page View
- # Browsers / # Visitors
Browser
• Shopper—Every visitor who adds an item to the
shopping cart or places an order.
- Tag Thrown: Shop 5
- # Shoppers / # Visitors
Shopper
• Buyer—Every visitor who purchases a product.
- Tag Thrown: Shop 9, Registration tag
- # Buyers / # Visitors
Buyer
• Repeat Buyer—Every visitor who places two or
more orders during the selected time period.
- Registration tag - Registration ID
- # 2x Buyers / # Visitors
Repeat
Leveraging the five-conversion point framework, ecommerce managers can set
specific goals for conversion effectiveness, and align staff resources around
achieving measurable goals. The following is an example of the possible business
goals for owners:
Visitor
Browser
Simplified Goal
Visitor traffic
Simplified Goal
Site stickiness
Owners
Marketing: placement
and positioning re:
banners, affiliates, paid
keywords, email, etc.
Owners
Design/Development:
site design re:overall
navigation
Design/Development:
site design re: landing
page optimization
Merchandising:
optimize product
placement overall
and relative to
individual browser
Prospect
Customer
Loyalty
Simplified Goal
Items added to market
basket
Simplified Goal
Smooth transaction
process
Simplified Goal
Return visits and
transactions
Owners
Shared by marketing
and merchandising:
relevant offers on site
and in marketing
communications
Owners
Design/Development:
site design re:
checkout, booking, or
application process
Owners
Marketing:
email marketing is the
key here
Design/Development:
site design re: layout
and features of
product pages
Merchandising: focus
on impulse and up-sell
opportunities
Customer Service:
focus on post-purchase
experiences
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze the Visitor Purchase Funnel report.
v % of Visitors
v % of Browsers
v % of Shoppers/Prospects
v % of Buyers/Customers
v % of 2X Buyers/Customers
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These KPIs are displayed for the following four segment types.
All Unique Visitors
The total number of unique visitors to the site during the selected period.
New Unique Visitors
The number of visitors who had not visited the site before the selected
time period.
Previous Unique Visitors
The number of visitors who had previously visited the site before the
selected time period. Previous Unique Visitors are a subset of All Unique
Visitors
Previous Unique Buyers
The number of visitors who purchased on the site before the selected time
period. Previous Unique Buyers are a subset of Previous Unique Visitors.
Examples: Visitor Purchase Funnel report data analysis
You can use the Visitor Purchase Funnel report to develop a strategy for improving
conversion rates.
If Visitors conversion is low
Investigate marketing effectiveness to assess opportunities for optimizing
channel spend, creative, or audience targeting.
If Browsers conversion is low
Investigate home page real estate effectiveness, navigational categories, and
on-site search effectiveness to determine what challenges customers are
having in finding product.
If Shopper/Prospects conversion is low
Investigate product page creative and pricing to understand why
customers are not adding products to their market basket.
If Buyer/Customers conversion is low
Investigate process abandonment for applications, registrations, checkout,
or bookings to identify where customers are experiencing issues and
departing the site.
If Repeat Visitors conversion is low
Analyze repeat visitor preferences to understand how to promote items to
bring visitors back to your site.
If Repeat Customers conversion is low
Identify cross-sell and up-sell opportunities to ensure that customers return
to do business with you again.
TruePath and Clickstream
TruePath and Clickstream reporting can be set up as a next step to further
investigate pathing progression and attrition for each of the conversion
points.
Visitor Purchase Funnel use case
This use case shows you how to use the Visitor Purchase Funnel report to identify
ways to improve the customer experience and increase conversions.
One of your goals is to analyze website conversion effectiveness based on unique
visitor behaviors in order to allocate investment so that you can maximize visitor
conversion and customer loyalty. You are also investigating ways to improve the
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109
customer experience and increase conversion. To drive changes, you must support
your recommendations with empirical data.
v First, obtain data for the three most recent time periods for analysis from the
Visitor Purchase Funnel report. Time periods should be sufficiently long to be
representative of visitor behavior (for example, weekly or monthly).
v Identify visitor conversion ratios for each time period.
v Calculate the average conversion ratio over the time period.
v Set targets for conversion effectiveness based on historical performance.
v Monitor conversion points on an ongoing basis to identify problem areas and
assess opportunity for improvement.
The following is the output data from this reporting exercise. The figures in red
indicate performance that falls below the target low conversion point.
Conversion
Target
Point
Target Low High
January
February
March
Average
Visitors
525,000
575,000
564,498
591,371
531,966
562,612
Browsers
51%
55%
63.80%
66.10%
63.80%
64.60%
Shopper/
Prospects
7%
11%
7.60%
6.80%
6.40%
6.90%
Buyers/
Customers
2%
6%
3.60%
3.60%
3.40%
3.50%
Repeat
Visitors
15%
35%
12.50%
14.70%
16.00%
14.40%
2X
Buyers/
Customers
10%
30%
11.80%
12.30%
11.30%
11.80%
Your analysis for the Visitor Purchase Funnel output data and the next steps for
making changes on your company website are as follows.
Repeat Visitor conversion is trending below target. Your web development team
should investigate the browsing preferences of Repeat Visitors to determine where
content and product that interests this group can be more prominently featured on
key pages. The web development team should also consider an email program that
targets bringing visitors back to the site through seasonal promotions. Also,
Shopper/Prospect conversion is slightly below the target. Your webs team should
investigate product page creative and product pricing, assure that key links are
above the fold, and confirm that product details and images are clear and accurate
to understand why customers are not adding products to their marketing basket.
Your web development team should conduct an A/B test for product pages on the
website to figure out which product page tools or features are driving visitors to
convert and which ones are not.
Visitor Application Funnel (Financial Services)
The Visitor Application Funnegl (Financial Services) report offers you the ability to
find ways to attract qualified visitors and optimize their website experience. By
being able to get a quick view of how differing visitor groups are interacting with
applications on a website, business owners can identify suggestions for various
types of visitor-focused marketing. Use this report to easily compare drop-offs for
each conversion point for each type of visitor. The ultimate goal is to identify
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opportunities and recommend changes to drive incremental revenue and increase
conversion by optimizing the appeal of your website for new or repeat visitors and
applicants.
How to create Visitor Application Funnel Reports: Locate the Visitor Application
Funnel Report by selecting Reports > Paths > Visitor Application Funnel Report
from the left navigation pane.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
Use the compare feature to quickly find key points in the process that are
increasing or declining in success. You can use the compare feature to measure the
before and after impact of major site changes on the overall conversion process.
Visitor Application Funnel (Financial Services): Key
performance indicators
By focusing on key performance indicators in the Visitor Application Funnel
(Financial Services) report, you can evaluate your visitors' use of your site.
All Unique Visitors
The number of unique visitors during the selected time period as
determined by a distinct Digital Analytics permanent cookie.
% of Total Unique Visitors
The percentage of total unique visitors who met the Digital Analytics
conversion point criteria.
New Unique Visitors
The number of unique visitors who visit the site for the first time during
the selected time period.
% of Total New Unique Visitors
The percentage of new unique visitors who met the Digital Analytics
conversion point criteria.
Previous Unique Visitors
The number of unique visitors who have been to the site before the
selected time period.
% of Total Previous Unique Visitors
The percentage of previous unique visitors who met the Digital Analytics
conversion point criteria.
Previous Unique Applicants
The number of previous unique visitors who have submitted an
application on the site prior to the selected time period.
% of Total Previous Unique Applicants
The percentage of previous unique applicants who met the Digital
Analytics conversion point.
Conversion Point Criteria
Visitor (Visit)
Any cookie ID that initiates a session during the selected time
period.
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111
Browser (View Product)
Every visitor who views a product detail page, adds a product to
an application or submits an application.
Initiated Application(s)
Every visitor who adds a product to an application or submits an
application.
Applicants
Every visitor who submits an application.
2x Applicants
Every visitor who completes two or more applications during the
selected time period.
Understanding products versus applications:
Application
The step-by-step flow to apply for a product.
Product
The product itself, such as a credit card or home loan.
Possible scenarios:
v You might have a one-to-one ratio between applications and products, where
each product has a different application flow.
v You might have one application flow that accommodates different products.
Here the same information might be requested for home loans and car loans; or
the process might have optional steps for different products.
v You might add additional products such as cross-sell or up-sell items to some
applications. Think of applying for a checking account and also being offered a
savings account; so there is one application but multiple products.
Examples: Visitor Application Funnel (Financial Services)
You can analyze the Visitor Application Funnel (Financial Services) report to
optimize each point of your process in order to increase retention rates.
v VISITOR: Maximize site traffic
– Optimize marketing programs (banners, affiliates (sites/email), search engine
placements, landing pages)
– Increase targeted communication efforts
v BROWSER: Encourage Browsing Beyond the Home page
– Maximize site tools and site navigation
– Offer simple and consistent navigation from page to page
– Optimize on-site search
– Reduce "No Results"
– Page avoids need for vertical and horizontal scrolling
v INITIATED APPLICATION: Provide visitors with all necessary information to
encourage adding to application
– Anticipate potential questions from applicants
– Place less critical information in the application process below the fold
v APPLICANTS: Smooth the Buying Process
– Examine the current application process for improvements by using
Clickstream and TruePath reporting
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
– Identify key areas of attrition in the important applications by using the
Forms report
– Create Forward and Backward Looking Clickstreams Reports at each step
– Focus on cross-sell opportunities
v 2X APPLICANTS: Encourage visitors to return to the website to purchase again
– Develop a form of retention marketing
– Focus on the post-purchase experience
– Send segmented emails
v Investigate the differences between new and repeat visitors in marketing reports.
Use a segment for new and repeat visitors to analyze what avenues are bringing
those visitors to your site.
v Investigate the differences between new and repeat visitors on specific paths in
the site
Consider your top five pages and use Clickstream reports to understand where the
differences are between new and repeat visitors. Also, analyze Average Time on
Page & Pages/Sessions metrics to understand website stickiness.
Visitor Application Funnel use case
Select and compile the data necessary to complete this reporting use case by using
the Visitor Application Funnel Report.
You are responsible for the user experience for your company website. One of your
goals is to ensure a quality experience when a visitor arrives on the website. You
want to understand the behavior of high-value visitors to improve website design.
To drive changes, you must support your recommendations with empirical data.
You decide you need to analyze a number of reports to identify opportunities to
improve your site design, including the Visitor Application Funnel Report. You
follow these steps to complete your analysis.
v Identify the high-level statistics by new and repeat visitors in the Visitor
Application Funnel.
v Investigate traffic from specific marketing sources for each segment. For
example, direct load new visitor session and all new visitor sessions.
Unpaid Marketing Channels
% of New Visitor
Sessions
% of Repeat Visitor
Sessions
Direct Load
22.68%
44.90%
Natural Search
21.50%
8.02%
Referring Sites
7.35%
3.59%
Paid Marketing Channels
% of New Visitor
Sessions
% of Repeat Visitor
Sessions
Affiliate
0.12%
0.09%
Ask
0.12%
0.06%
Email
10.30%
29.13%
Google
0.04%
0.13%
MSN
0.49%
0.46%
Overture
0.01%
0.05%
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113
v Identify the most popular applications for new and repeat visitors by overlaying
a segment onto the Page Categories report. Next, compare TruePath pathing
performance and the attrition rate for each step in the application process to
uncover areas for improvement.
v Create a summary with observations and next steps.
After completing your reporting exercise, you reach several conclusions.
There were far more new visitors to the website than repeat visitors during your
reporting time period, but repeat visitors are more likely to complete an
application on the website. New visitors are more likely to enter the website by
using Natural Search. Repeat Visitors are more likely to enter the website by using
Direct Load and Emails.
You plan to capitalize on Repeat Visitors by sending targeted emails to those
visitors with offers and products specific to their interests based on previous
actions on the website. You plan to investigate which specific natural search terms
are driving new visitors and new applicants to your website to further invest and
optimize this marketing channel. Finally, by using TruePath, you discover that the
login page has the highest attrition rate in the application process and will work to
optimize this page to improve forward progression for the path.
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Chapter 10. Demographics reports
Use Demographics reports to analyze your customers' geography, languages, and
time zones.
Geography report
The Geography report shows you the geographic regions in which your website
visitors are based. Digital Analytics has partnered with Quova to map the IP
addresses of your visitors back to a particular city, state, and country. This allows
you to see the geographical areas your website traffic is coming from by city, state,
or country.
The Geography report is a standard report that is available immediately without
any configuration. Locate this report by selecting ReportsDemographicsGeography
from the left navigation pane. You can view the report data by using the following
three views.
Countries View
This view displays the number of sessions that are browsing your website
from specific countries.
States View
This view displays the number of sessions that are browsing your website
from specific states. The first two columns in this view are State and
Country.
Cities View
This view displays the number of sessions that are browsing your website
from specific cities. The first three columns in this view are City, State and
Country.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
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Geography report: Unknown and fraudulent traffic
Geography data is based on third-party IP mapping. The data that is bucketed
under Unknown is not able to be mapped to a specific geographic location based
on the IP address that was received. The location data is unknown either because
the IP address is not publicly available or it is concealed, such as traffic from the
AOL internet service provider.
As a special case, traffic from AOL users is classified under the term "AOL" at the
state level. This classification is because of the configuration of the AOL network. It
is not possible to determine the location of AOL subscribers.
You can monitor your visitor traffic for fraudulent activities. Site website activity
that is coming from geographic areas that your website does not serve can be
fraudulent.
Geography report: Key performance indicators
By focusing on the following key performance indicators when you analyze the
Geography report, you can evaluate the geographical locations of your site activity.
Sessions
The total sessions that were initiated from the specified geographic
location.
Sales
The total sales on the website that were placed during the sessions that
were initiated from the specified geographic location.
Orders
The total number of orders that were placed during the sessions that were
initiated from the specified geographic location.
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Page Views
The number of pages that were viewed during the sessions that were
initiated from the specified geographic location.
Page Views/Session
The average number of pages that were viewed during the sessions that
were initiated from the specified geographic location.
Examples: Geography report
Use the Geography report to analyze customer activity and behavior by region.
Monitoring Seasonal Behavior: Determine the effectiveness of seasonal keywords
and content offerings. Seasonal terms might have direct regional correlations
(perhaps weather or holiday specific) that can be used in optimizing online landing
pages for specific website content. Use the Geography report with Segments to set
these criteria. This will help you to isolate these very specific customer needs and
maximize the gain. Apply your Geographic segments to your Marketing, Page, and
Product Categories reports to measure marketing, product, and page performance.
Measuring Offline Activity
Offline marketing is expensive and difficult to measure. You can use the
Geography report to determine the lift in online traffic and conversions
based on the geographic distribution of your promotions. This allows you
to close the gap between online and offline marketing efforts.
Regional Targeting
You can measure the results of regional online marketing. Track geography
based online marketing efforts to determine the effectiveness of regional
targeting and overall ROI. Add another layer of targeted marketing to your
online efforts by reducing spend in regions where certain marketing
campaigns and promotions are less successful.
Location Optimization
Identify locations with poor conversion and high traffic. Regions with
significant traffic but low conversion rates are being underserved by your
website and offerings. By adjusting your website design and offerings you
can address the market opportunity and increase website performance.
Location Performance
Identify locations with high conversion and poor traffic. Regions with high
conversion and low traffic rates are ideally suited to your business. These
locations are ripe for additional online or offline marketing to drive
additional traffic and increase website performance.
Geography report use case
Use this example step-by-step outline to examine how you could select and
compile the data necessary to complete this reporting use case using the
Geography report.
You are a web analyst at an Internet retail company and are responsible for
analyzing the performance of your company's regional marketing campaigns in
Texas and California.
The following are the data results you extract from the Geography report three
months after the Texas and California marketing campaigns launched.
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State
Sessions
Orders
AOV
Sales
California
1,793,589
27,121
$157.41
$3,455,377.58
Texas
3,202,671
59,283
%141.90
$8,412,238.28
You draw the following conclusions based on the results from the Geography
report.
Texas drove more traffic and conversion for your company website when
compared to California. However, Average Order Value was higher in California
when compared to Texas.
Based on this data, you create two Segments, one for Texas and one for California.
You filter your Marketing reports to analyze which specific marketing channels
visitors from California and Texas are arriving from. You also filter your Product
Categories report to analyze which specific products visitors from California and
Texas are browsing, abandoning, and buying. Finally, you filter your Page
Categories to analyze the specific pages visitors from California and Texas are
browsing on your website. You use this data to suggest which marketing
campaigns continue to run and which specific products to promote in marketing
campaigns. You also use this data to analyze and optimize landing page
performance.
Languages report
The Languages report tracks the various languages that visitors use to browse your
website. Use it to evaluate the need to expand the language support for your
website to cater to growing visitor populations.
The Languages report is a standard report that is available immediately without
any configuration. Locate this report by selecting Reports > Demographics >
Languages from the left navigation pane. The Technical Properties tag populates
data into the Languages report. Browser Language is determined by the setting on
the visitors Internet Browser.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
There is functionality in the Languages report to drill down on a specific language.
Use this feature to breakdown a language into variants and dialects.
Languages report: Key performance indicators
You can use the following key performance indicators to analyze the Languages
report.
Sessions
The number of sessions that have a particular language selected in the
Languages option of their Web browser.
% of Total Sessions
The percentage of website sessions that have a particular language selected
in the Languages option of their Web browser.
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Languages report use case
This is an example reporting use case and a step-by-step outline that shows how
you can select and compile the data necessary to complete this reporting use case
by using the Languages report.
You are a web analyst for a Spanish website. One of your goals for this year is to
attract more English-speaking visitors to your website by using specific marketing
campaigns. You are responsible for measuring the increase in English visitors to
your website before and after the marketing campaign launch in order to measure
campaign effectiveness.
The following are the data results you extracted from the Languages report before
and after the English campaign launch.
Language
Pre
Post
% of total sessions
% of total sessions
Spanish
95.29%
94.22%
English
2.38%
4.24%
The percentage of English visitors that were browsing your company website two
months after the English campaign launch date increased by almost 44%. By using
the Languages, Geographic, and Marketing Programs reports, you can measure the
performance of the English marketing campaign and optimize the campaign
accordingly.
Time zones report
The Time Zones report displays the top 20 time zones for visitors that browse your
website. The Time Zones report data is populated by the time zone that was
selected as the default on the visitor's computer. You can use the Time Zones
report to ensure that all promotions reach potential customers during the
appropriate regional times.
The Time Zones report is a standard report that is available immediately without
any configuration. Locate this report by selecting Reports > Demographics > Time
Zones from the left navigation pane. The Technical Properties tag populates data
into the Time Zones report. Time Zones are not captured from the IP address
where a computer is located, but rather the time setting on the operating system of
the computer. Therefore, a user who changes the time zone of a computer will
cause a different time zone to be captured by the Technical Properties tag.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
As a next step, you can review the Top Line Metrics Heat Map report to analyze
the day of week and time of day that visitors come to your website and when
conversion occurs on your website. This enables you to see any trends over the
day or across the week, particularly where activity is highest or lowest. The data
can be used to analyze optimal times to drop email campaigns. Also, this report
can be used to measure the lift in traffic or conversion when a new campaign is
launched.
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Time zones report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze the Time Zones report.
Sessions
The number of sessions that have a particular time zone selected as the
default on the visitor's computer.
% of Total Sessions
The percentage of sessions that have a particular time zone selected as the
default on the visitor's computer.
Time zones report use case
This is an example reporting use case and a step-by-step outline for how you can
select and compile the data necessary to complete the reporting use case using the
Time Zones report.
You are a web analyst for your company's website. You are trying to figure out
which day of the week and what time of day your company promotions emails
should be sent out.
You pull the following report from the Time Zones report.
Time zone
% of total
sessions
Sessions
GMT -5 (AMERICA/NY, HAVANA, MONTREAL)
GMT -8 (AMERICA/LOS ANGELES, TIJUANA,
VANCOUVER, PACIFIC/PITCAIRN)
9,540
31.35%
GMT -8 (AMERICA/LOS ANGELES, TIJUANA,
VANCOUVER, PACIFIC/PITCAIRN)
6,347
20.86%
GMT -6 (AMERICA/CHICAGO, WINNIPEG,
PACIFIC/ GALAPAGOS)
4,756
15.63%
GMT (AFRICA/CASABLANCA,
ATLANTIC/CANARY, EUROPE/LONDON)
3,479
11.43%
GMT +1 (AFRICA/ALGIERS, EUROPE/PARIS,
ROME)
2,670
8.77%
You see that the majority of sessions on your website are coming from Eastern and
Pacific Time zones.
Next, you review the Top Line Metrics Heat Map report to analyze day-of-week
and time-of-day performance for traffic and conversion on your website.
The following are the Heat Map results for Total Sessions on your website.
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The following are the Heat Map results for Sales on your website.
You conclude that weekday afternoons are when visitors and conversion occurs
most frequently on your website. Tuesday afternoons are when the majority of
users visit your website. Based on the Heat Map and Time Zones report data, you
plan to have your company send out promotional emails on Tuesday at noon
Eastern Standard Time to further drive visitors and conversion on your company
website.
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Chapter 11. Mobile reports
Use Mobile reports to track the devices, operating systems, and browsers used by
your customers.
Mobile Devices report
The Mobile Devices report shows traffic from mobile phones, tablets, game
consoles, and other mobile devices. The Mobile Devices report is available from the
side navigation pane under Mobile.
The Mobile Device report also shows the related mobile orders and sales associated
with each mobile device that visits your website. This report can be viewed by
mobile device type or as a full list of all mobile devices that visited your website.
This allows you to gain insight into the importance of each mobile device and
mobile device type.
You can analyze the report data using the following two views.
By Type
The By Type view shows the mobile device data by device type (mobile
phone, tablet, eReader). You can drill into each type to see the individual
mobile device data within each device type.
Full List
The Full List shows all mobile devices that were used to visit your website.
Unlike the By Type view, you do not have to drill down to view each
mobile device.
To locate the Mobile Devices report select Reports > Mobile > Mobile Devices
from the side navigation pane.
Select Report Options to change the time period, add a comparison period, specify
metrics, or add a filter.
As an option, you can also view the trend for the data in the report. This allows
you to view changes over time. Select this view by clicking Report > Trend from
the Report drop-down menu.
The Mobile Devices report allows you to monitor website traffic from mobile
devices. Therefore, with this report, you can look for mobile usage patterns over
time. You can also monitor mobile sales patterns over time to see the impact of
your mobile marketing efforts. With the Mobile Devices report, you can also
compare your mobile device traffic to your overall website traffic to gain insights
into your customers and their viewing trends.
Mobile Devices report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Mobile Devices report.
Sessions
The number of sessions that the mobile device or device type visited your
website during the selected time period.
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% of Parent Group Session
The percentage of sessions for a specific mobile device or device type as a
whole of the parent group.
Orders
The total number of orders placed.
Sales
The value of total purchases occurring in mobile device sessions in the
report date range.
Mobile Operating Systems report
The Mobile Operating Systems report shows the mobile operating systems that are
used to visit your website. It is available from the side navigation pane under
Mobile.
The Mobile Operating Systems report also shows the related mobile orders and
sales associated with each mobile operating system. This allows you to monitor the
number of visits to your website from the mobile operating systems and determine
which mobile operating systems are most commonly used to visit your website.
The Mobile Operating Systems report includes data from the following operating
systems:
v Android
v bada
v iOS
v Rimus
v
v
v
v
SymbianOS
WebOS
Windows Mobile
Windows Phone
To locate the Mobile Operating Systems report, select Reports > Mobile >
Operating Systems from the side navigation pane.
Select Report Options to change the time period, add a comparison period, specify
metrics, or add a filter.
As an option, you can also view the trend for the data in the report. This allows
you to view changes over time. Select this view by clicking Report > Trend from
the Report drop-down menu.
The Mobile Operating Systems report shows the operating systems that are most
commonly used to visit your website. You can compare the operating system data
over time to see changes in operating system use. This allows you to prioritize
your technical planning to focus on the most popular operating systems. With the
data from the Mobile Operating Systems report, you can also focus your time to
develop and support mobile apps for the most popular operating systems that are
used to visit your website.
Mobile Operating Systems report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Mobile Operating
Systems report.
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Sessions
The number of sessions that the mobile operating system was used to visit
your website during the selected time period.
% of Parent Group Session
The percentage of sessions for a specific mobile operating system as a
whole of the parent group.
Orders
The total number of orders placed.
Sales
The value of total purchases occurring in mobile operating system sessions
in the report date range.
Mobile Browsers report
The Mobile Browsers report shows the mobile browsers that are used to visit your
website. It is available from the side navigation pane under Mobile.
The Mobile Browsers report shows traffic from various mobile browsers. This
report also shows the related mobile orders and sales associated with each mobile
browser. This report allows you gain insights into which mobile browsers are most
commonly used to view your website and monitor browser use trends for your
website over time. This allows you to prioritize your technical planning when
developing and testing your website display in mobile browsers.
The Mobile Browsers report includes data from the following browsers:
v Android
v NetFront
v RIM
v Chrome
v Nokia
v Safari
v Dolphin
v Obigo
v Silk
v Firefox
v Opera
v UP.Browser
v Internet Explorer
v Polaris
v WebOS
v Kindle
To locate the Mobile Browsers report select Reports > Mobile > Mobile Browsers
from the side navigation pane.
Select Report Options to change the time period, add a comparison period, specify
metrics, or add a filter.
As an option, you can also view the trend for the data in the report. This allows
you to view changes over time. Select this view by clicking Report > Trend from
the Report drop-down menu.
Mobile Browsers report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Mobile Browsers report.
Sessions
The number of sessions that the mobile browser was used to visit your
website during the selected time period.
% of Parent Group Session
The percentage of sessions for a specific mobile browser as a whole of the
parent group.
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Orders
The total number of orders placed.
Sales
The value of total purchases occurring in mobile browser sessions in the
report date range.
Mobile Browsers report use case
The following is a possible use case for the Mobile Browsers report.
You monitored the popularity of mobile browsers used to visit your website over
the last six months. During this period, Internet Explorer was the most commonly
used mobile browser by visitors to your website. As a result, your development
team focused their efforts to configure the company website to display properly in
the Internet Explorer mobile browser.
However, recently you noticed a shift in mobile browser use. Chrome is now the
most popular mobile browser used to visit your website. Your website does not
display as well on mobile devices using Chrome as it does on mobile devices using
Internet Explore. You and your development team decide to shift focus to the
Chrome mobile browser display of the website for mobile users.
Several months later, the website displays properly in Chrome, and Chrome
continues to increase as the most popular mobile browser used to visit your
website.
Mobile Stream report
The Mobile Stream report allows you to learn how customers navigate your
website across different device types. The Mobile Stream report is available from
the side navigation pane under Mobile.
Starting from the last session in your defined period, you can work backwards to
view the devices used by visitors in previous sessions and the average time
between sessions of each device type. This allows you to monitor and understand
customer behavior. The Mobile Stream report also allows you to gain insights into
the buying journey of each of your customers.
You can also identify whether customers are using mobile or nonmobile devices to
access your website. You can better understand how each device type is used. For
example, do your customers frequently first view your products on their mobile
phone, but then make a purchase on a desktop computer?
The Mobile Stream report also gives you insight into customer behavior that can be
used to determine how to best target your customers to increase sales.
To locate the Mobile Stream report select Reports > Mobile > Mobile Stream from
the side navigation pane.
Select Report Options to change the time period or specify metrics. You can also
filter this report to focus on the information you most interested in.
Mobile Stream report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Mobile Stream report.
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Visitors
The number of unique registered visitors (or unique cookie IDs in the
absence of a registration ID) that came to your site through the device or
device combination.
% First Source
The percentage of visitors for this device for whom this device was the
start of their device stream.
Path Sales
The total values of purchases by visitors who passed through the specified
device at the specified depth in the specified device stream. This value
includes purchases made by these visitors in other devices in this path.
Mobile stream report use case
The following is a possible use case for the Mobile Stream report.
You want to better understand your customers' buying behaviors. After monitoring
the mobile analytics of your website, you learn that the number of mobile visitors
to your website is high, but sales from those mobile visitors remain low. You
decide to use the Mobile Stream report to understand how mobile devices
contribute to the sales cycle. After viewing the Mobile Stream report, you learn
that many customers first visit your website through mobile devices, but then use
desktops to make purchases. Therefore, you now know that it is important to make
sure that product information can be easily viewed on the mobile version of your
website. You can also work with your development team to make buying easier for
customers using the mobile site so that they are more likely to make a purchase
while initially viewing product information on their mobile devices.
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Chapter 12. System reports
Use System reports to learn about the browsers, operating systems, screen
resolution, color depth, Java availablilty, Javascript version, and browser plugins
your customers use.
Browsers report
The Browsers report identifies browser type and browser versions most commonly
used by a session navigating to your website. Locate the Browsers report by
selecting Report > Systems > Browsers from the left navigation pane. For each
browser, a zoom/drill down option is available so that you can see a detailed
report on browser versions.
Browser optimization, when executed successfully, can reduce home page and
landing page departure rates and improve average session length. Conduct this
analysis regularly to stay aware of the changing browser preferences for your
website overall, as well as browser preferences for key customer segments. Review
monthly, quarterly and yearly time ranges when analyzing data in the Browsers
report.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
Data in the Browsers report is captured via the Technical Properties tag.
Browsers report: Key performance indicators
Focus on the Sessions and % of Total Sessions KPIs when analyzing data in the
Browsers report.
Sessions
The number of sessions where a particular web browser was used during
the reporting time period.
% of Total Sessions
Percentage of total sessions that used a particular web browser during the
reporting time period
Browsers report use case
The following use case demonstrates a possible use of the Browsers report.
You are conducting a website redesign for your company's website. You review the
Browsers report and discovers 90% of your sessions are browsing your company's
website using Internet Explorer 9.0, Internet Explorer 10.0 and Safari 3.6. You are
aware that your company's website does not load properly in the Safari 3.6
browser. Now that you are redesigning the website, you ensure that the website
loads properly on all top browsers and versions provided in the Browsers report.
Moving forward, you revisit the Top Browsers report on a quarterly basis to see if
browsers or browser versions usage have changed among sessions coming to your
company's website.
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Operating Systems
The Operating Systems report allows you to analyze which specific operating
systems are used by sessions accessing your website. In addition to optimizing
your website for the newest available web browsers, you should also enhance the
design and layout of your website to accommodate different operating system
versions. Locate the Operating Systems report by selecting Reports > System >
Operating Systems Report from the left navigation pane.
For each operating system you can use the drill down option to expose data on
operating system versions. Data in the Operating Systems report is captured via
the Technical Properties tag.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
Operating System optimization can reduce home page and landing page departure
rates, improve average session length and improve customer experience. Use
monthly, quarterly and yearly time ranges when analyzing data in the Operating
Systems report.
Operating Systems: Key performance indicators
Focus on the Sessions and % of Total Sessions KPIs when analyzing data in the
Operating Systems report.
Sessions
The number of sessions where a particular operating system was used
during the reporting time period.
% of Total Sessions
Percentage of total sessions that are using a particular operating system
during the reporting time period.
Operating Systems use case
The following use case demonstrates one use of the Operating Systems report.
You are conducting a website redesign for your company's website. You review the
Operating Systems report and discover that twenty-five percent of sessions that
access your company's website are using the Macintosh operating system. You test
your company's website and find that many of the graphics and images on your
website are not displayed correctly when using a Mac. You work with your
development team to resolve this issue and ensure that the website graphics and
images display properly for Mac users. You revisit the Operating Systems report
on a quarterly basis to see if operating systems and version usage has changed
among visitor sessions so that you can optimize your company's website
accordingly.
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Screen resolution
The Screen Resolution report allows you to analyze which specific monitor
resolutions are used by session accessing your website. Knowing the screen
resolution of sessions that access your website can help you make sure that
important elements appear without having to scroll. Locate the Screen Resolution
report by selecting Reports > System > Screen Resolution Report from the left
navigation pane.
Site visitors sometimes overlook information that is not directly in their browser
window. Identifying where the "fold" is on a page allows analysts to understand
how much of a page visitors can see without scrolling. Site designers can use the
data in the Screen Resolution report to ensure that important calls to action are
located "above the fold" for top performing monitor resolutions, in order to reduce
the risk that a visitor leaves your site. For high-value items and important calls to
action, ensure that these elements are visible above the fold to a majority of
website sessions. For example, a search box, an Add to Cart button, any
promotional banners, and links for Customer Support, Account, and Shopping
Cart.
Use the LIVEview click overlay tool in conjunction with the Screen Resolution
report in order to analyze link clickthrough performance above and below the fold
in order to optimize page performance. For more information about the LIVEview
Click Overlay, see the IBM Digital Analytics User's Guide.
For each operating system, you can use the drill down option to expose data on
operating system versions. Data in the Screen Resolution report is captured via the
Technical Properties tag. Select Report Options to change calendar information, to
add calendar information for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a
filter, and add comparison settings. You can select Trend from the Report
drop-down menu to see changes over time.
Screen Resolution: Key performance indicators
Focus on the Sessions and % of Total Sessions KPIs when analyzing data in the
Screen Resolution report.
Sessions
The number of sessions where a particular monitor resolution was used
during the reporting time period.
% of Total Sessions
Percentage of total sessions that are using a particular monitor resolution
during the reporting time period.
Screen resolution use case
This use case demonstrates a way to apply the data from the Screen Resolution
report.
Your goal is to optimize page layout on your company's website for major landing
pages. You review the data in the Screen Resolution report and find that 15% of
sessions to your company's website use 800X600 monitor resolution. You evaluate
your home page and product pages for this monitor resolution.
You find that the search box on the home page is located "below the fold" when
800X600 monitor resolution is used to access your company's website. You also
find that the "Add to Cart" button is below the fold on your product pages when
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131
800X600 monitor resolution is used. You work with your development team to
optimize the home page and product page layouts so that these calls to action are
"above the fold" in order to increase conversion and improve customer experience
for sessions coming to your website.
Color Depth
Color Depth optimization can reduce home page and landing page departure rates
and improve average session length. Locate the Color Depth report by selecting
Reports > System > Color Depth from the left navigation pane.
By identifying the most commonly used color palette of your customers, you can
make any necessary changes to your website. Conduct this analysis on a regular
basis to stay aware of the changing color depth preferences for your website.
Review monthly, quarterly and yearly time ranges when analyzing data in the
Browsers report.
The Color Depth report shows the top Color Palette for the time frame with the
corresponding Sessions count. This allows you to better understand what depths
your customers currently have enabled on their computers. Color Depth refers to
the number of bits of computer memory that are used to store color information
for an image (typically a bitmap) or for a device. The greater the color depth, the
more colors can be stored, and this also determines how many different colors the
image or device can simultaneously contain and display.
The Color Depth report allows you to create and add new views of this report
under this link or to select the default view. The default view loads the top Color
Depths. You can search for a particular product by entering that a portion of the
product name in the Find in Table search box.
Use Report Options to change the time period, to add a compare time, to specify
metrics, or to add a filter. Also, you can trend the data in this report to see changes
over time by selecting Trend from the Report drop-down menu.
Color Depth: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Color Depth report.
Sessions
The total number of sessions. A session is defined by a sequence of records
by a common session cookie with no more than 30 minutes (default) of
inactivity between collected records.
% of Total Sessions
The percent of the total number of Sessions that this Color Depth
represents.
Color Depth use case
This use case demonstrates a way to apply the data from the Color Depth report.
Your goal is to optimize the graphics on your company's website. You review the
data in the Color Depth report and find that seventy-five percent of your sessions
are viewed in 16-bit color or less. You evaluate your home page and product pages
for this color depth.
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Your website is currently optimized for 32 bit color, so you work with your
development team to optimize it for the majority of your customer base in order to
increase conversion and improve customer experience for sessions coming to your
website.
Java Availability
Locate the Java Availability report by selecting Reports > System > Java
Availability from the left navigation pane.
The Java Availability report shows whether Java is enabled or disabled for the time
frame with the corresponding Sessions count. This report does not have any
relation to Java Script. Java Availability is evident on a website that has an
embedded Java application, and if you do not have Java installed (or enabled), you
will see only an empty space where the program would be displayed.
The Java Availability report allows you to create and add new views of this report
under this link or to select the default view. The default view loads the number of
enabled or disabled Java customers.
You can search for a particular product by entering that a portion of the product
name in the Find in Table search box.
Select Report Options to change calendar information, to add calendar information
for Period B as a comparison, specify metrics, add a filter, and add comparison
settings. You can select Trend from the Report drop-down menu to see changes
over time.
JavaAvailability: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Java Availability report.
Sessions
The total number of sessions. A session is defined by a sequence of records
with a common session cookie with no more than 30 minutes (default) of
inactivity between collected records.
% of Total Sessions
The percent of the total number of Sessions that this report represents.
Java Availability use case
This use case demonstrates a way to apply the data from the Java Availability
report.
Your goal is to create an embedded Java application on a landing page. You review
the data in the Java Availability report and find that 95% of sessions to your
company's website use Java.
You work with your development team to create the Java application in order to
increase conversion and improve customer experience for sessions coming to your
website.
JavaScript Version
The JavaScript Version report shows the version of JavaScript that is enabled on
the customer's browser. This report does not have any relation to Java Availability.
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The JavaScript Version report allows you to identify what percentage of sessions
are currently using specific JavaScript versions.
To locate the JavaScript Version report, select Reports > System > JavaScript
Version from the left navigation pane.
You can create and add new views of this report under this link or you can select
the default view. The default view loads the top JavaScript Version being used by
customers.
You can search for a particular product by entering that a portion of the product
name in the Find in Table search box.
Use Report Options to change the time period, to add a compare time, to specify
metrics, or to add a filter. Also, you can trend the data in this report to see changes
over time by selecting Trend from the Report drop-down menu.
JavaScript Version: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the JavaScript Version
report.
Sessions
The total number of sessions. A session is defined by a sequence of records
with a common session cookie with no more than 30 minutes (default) of
inactivity between collected records.
% of Total Sessions
The percent of the total number of Sessions that this JavaScript Version
report represents.
JavaScript Version use case
This use case demonstrates a way to apply the data from the JavaScriptVersion
report.
You are working with your development team to update your company's website.
You view the JavaScript Version report and see that the majority of your customers
are using JavaScript Version 1.8.
You work with your developers to set your internal JavaScript Version to 1.8, and
the majority of your customers can view your site correctly.
Browser Plugins
The Browser Plugins report shows the browser plug-in versions your customer's
browser is currently using. Use the Technical Properties tag to automatically collect
the information from the first page of the visitor's session.
To locate the Browser Plugins report, select Reports > System > Browser Plugins
from the left navigation pane.
The Browser Plugins report allows you to create and add new views or to select
the default view. The default view loads the top browser plug-ins being used by
customers.
You can search for a particular product by entering that a portion of the product
name in the Find in Table search box.
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Use Report Options to change the time period, to add a compare time, to specify
metrics, or to add a filter. Also, you can trend the data in this report to see changes
over time by selecting Trend from the Report drop-down menu.
Browser Plugins: Key performance indicators
Focus on the following KPIs when you analyze data in the Browser Plugins report.
Sessions
The total number of sessions. A session is defined by a sequence of records
with a common session cookie with no more than 30 minutes (default) of
inactivity between collected records.
% of Total Sessions
The percent of the total number of sessions that this Browser Plugins
report represents.
Browser Plugins use case
This use case demonstrates a way to apply the data from the Browser Plugins
report.
You have received reports that some customers cannot view the videos on your
company's website. When you view the Browser Plugins report, you see that some
customers' browsers are not using the Flash plugin.
You work with your development team to create videos in a different format, so
that most customers can view your video content.
Chapter 12. System reports
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Chapter 13. Custom reports
The following report compares your company's data with Digital Analytics data. It
is optional but recommended.
Data Integrity Process (DIP)
The Data Integrity Process, or DIP, compares a CSV file that contains customer
orders for one day to the orders that are tracked by the Digital Analytics system
during the same time frame. DIP then determines if the orders tracked by Digital
Analytics match the actual customer orders placed. Digital Analytics reports the
results to the DIP report in the application.
Although optional, Digital Analytics suggests participation in the DIP process
because it provides a continuous monitoring process and provides confidence in
the resulting report accuracy. Order data discontinuities are common, such as
disabled cookies, slow customer connections, premature click-offs and privacy
opt-outs, but the Core Data Platform is considered to be statistically correct if DIP
analysis falls within 90-105 percent.
To locate the DIP Summary report, Reports > Custom Reports > DIP Summary
from the left navigation pane.
The DIP Summary report allows you to create and add new views of this report
under this link or select the default view. The default view loads the most recent
date of the DIP Summary.
You can search for a particular date by entering that date in the Find in Table
search box.
Use Report Options to change the time period, add a compare time, specify
metrics, or add a filter. Also, you can trend the data in this report to see the
changes over time by selecting Trend from the Report drop-down menu.
DIP: Key performance indicators
The following are KPIs to focus on when you analyze data in the DIP report:
DB Orders
The number of Orders that are recorded in Digital Analytics for the
specified time period.
DB Items
The number of Items that are recorded in Digital Analytics for the specified
time period.
% Orders
The percent of Orders that are recorded in Digital Analytics compared to
what is sent in your DIP Files.
% Items
The percent of Orders that are recorded in Digital Analytics compared to
what is sent in your DIP Files
Client Orders
The number of Orders that are recorded in your DIP Files.
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137
Client Items
The number of Items that are recorded in your DIP Files.
Client Revenue
Amount of Revenue that is recorded in your DIP Files.
# of Orders Not In DB
The number of Orders in your DIP Files that are not in the Digital
Analytics Database
# of Orders Not in CSV
The number of Orders in your DIP Files that are not in the Digital
Analytics CSV File
DIP report use case
This use case demonstrates a way to apply the data from the DIP report.
The DIP Summary is the standard report for comparing internal figures with what
is reported by Digital Analytics. DIP compares data directly imported from your
backend database to the data collected and used by Digital Analytics reporting.
Data is imported through the upload of a DIP file, which is sent by FTP to Digital
Analytics every day.
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Appendix A. Additional Contact Information
If you need additional assistance, contact IBM using one of the following methods:
v Customer support: [email protected]
v Product feedback: [email protected]
Note: Product feedback is recommendations for product improvement; do not use
the feedback address to obtain additional assistance.
USA
IBM
1001 E Hillsdale Boulevard
Foster City, CA 94402
Toll Free: 1.866.493.2673
email: [email protected]
IBM
Client Support
[email protected]
Support Center
https://support.coremetrics.com
IBM
Austin
11501 Burnet Road
Building 905, Floor 2
Austin, TX 78758-3400
Toll Free: 1.866.493.2673
IBM
Dallas
750 W John Carpenter Freeway
Irving, TX 75039
Toll Free: 1.866.493.2673
Europe
IBM
Europe Ltd.
Lotus Park
The Causeway
Staines
Middlesex
TW18 3AG
U.K.
Tel: 0808 234 4736
email: [email protected]
IBM
GmbH
Beim Strohhause 17
D-20097 Hamburg
Germany
Tel: 0800 664 8899
email: [email protected]
IBM
France
17 Avenue de l'Europe
92275 Bois Colombes Cedex
France
Tel: 0800 91 4912
email: [email protected]
Asia Pacific
IBM
Hong Kong Limited
Silvercord Tower 2
Room 907
30, Canton Road
Tsim Sha Tsui
Kowloon
Hong Kong SAR, China
Tel: +852 8201 0823
Fax: +852 8201 0832
email: [email protected]
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
IBM
Australia and New Zealand
60 Southgate Ave
Southgate VIC 3006
AUSTRALIA
(Aus) 1800 69 CORE
(NZ) 0800 69 CORE
email: [email protected]
139
IBM welcomes your comments
You may send your comments to the following address.
IBM Bay Area Lab
1001 E Hillsdale Boulevard
Foster City, California 94404
USA
You can send us comments electronically by using one of the following methods:
Toll free
1+866-493-2673
Support Center:
https://support.coremetrics.com
Internet email:
[email protected]
World Wide Web:
www.ibm.com/marketing-solutions/
If you would like a reply, be sure to include your name, address, telephone
number, or FAX number. Make sure to include the following information in your
comment or note:
v Title of this document
v Page number or topic related to your comment
When you send information to IBM, you grant IBM a nonexclusive right to use or
distribute the information in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any
obligation to you.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Appendix B. Support
Support Center
The IBM Digital Analytics Support site can be found at https://
support.coremetrics.com or by clicking the Support link in the application menu
bar.
The Support Center Site contains the following:
v A searchable knowledge base to answer questions and provide instant access to
essential documents such as implementation guides, metrics glossaries, user
guides, release notes, and more.
v Educational tools such as web-based trainings and archived webinars.
v Marketing information including case studies, white papers, and upcoming
events such as the Client Summit.
v Notifications from Support.
v Issue tracking from the creation of a ticket through its resolution, which
provides complete insight into the status of your inquiries.
v Feedback so that you can offer suggestions for improving the support site. (Send
feedback about the IBM Digital Analytics applications to
[email protected]).
v Chat so that you can reach one of our Best Practices representatives right away.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
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Notices
This information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.
IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in
other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the
products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM
product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM
product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product,
program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may
be used instead. However, it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the
operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter
described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not grant you
any license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to:
IBM Director of Licensing
IBM Corporation
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For license inquiries regarding double-byte (DBCS) information, contact the IBM
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Intellectual Property Licensing
Legal and Intellectual Property Law
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BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION "AS IS"
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This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be
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and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this
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Any references in this information to non-IBM Web sites are provided for
convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those Web
sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this IBM
product and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2015
143
IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it
believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.
Licensees of this program who wish to have information about it for the purpose
of enabling: (i) the exchange of information between independently created
programs and other programs (including this one) and (ii) the mutual use of the
information which has been exchanged, should contact:
IBM Bay Area Lab
1001 E Hillsdale Boulevard
Foster City, California 94404
U.S.A.
Such information may be available, subject to appropriate terms and conditions,
including in some cases, payment of a fee.
The licensed program described in this document and all licensed material
available for it are provided by IBM under terms of the IBM Customer Agreement,
IBM International Program License Agreement or any equivalent agreement
between us.
Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled
environment. Therefore, the results obtained in other operating environments may
vary significantly. Some measurements may have been made on development-level
systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on
generally available systems. Furthermore, some measurements may have been
estimated through extrapolation. Actual results may vary. Users of this document
should verify the applicable data for their specific environment.
Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of
those products, their published announcements or other publicly available sources.
IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of
performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products.
Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the
suppliers of those products.
All statements regarding IBM's future direction or intent are subject to change or
withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business
operations. To illustrate them as completely as possible, the examples include the
names of individuals, companies, brands, and products. All of these names are
fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business
enterprise is entirely coincidental.
Trademarks
IBM, the IBM logo, and ibm.com® are trademarks or registered trademarks of
International Business Machines Corp., registered in many jurisdictions worldwide.
Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.
A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at “Copyright and
trademark information” at www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml.
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IBM Digital Analytics Best Practices
Privacy Policy Considerations
IBM Software products, including software as a service solutions, ("Software
Offerings") may use cookies or other technologies to collect product usage
information, to help improve the end user experience, to tailor interactions with
the end user or for other purposes. A cookie is a piece of data that a web site can
send to your browser, which may then be stored on your computer as a tag that
identifies your computer. In many cases, no personal information is collected by
these cookies. If a Software Offering you are using enables you to collect personal
information through cookies and similar technologies, we inform you about the
specifics below.
Depending upon the configurations deployed, this Software Offering may use
session and persistent cookies that collect each user's user name, and other
personal information for purposes of session management, enhanced user usability,
or other usage tracking or functional purposes. These cookies can be disabled, but
disabling them will also eliminate the functionality they enable.
Various jurisdictions regulate the collection of personal information through
cookies and similar technologies. If the configurations deployed for this Software
Offering provide you as customer the ability to collect personal information from
end users via cookies and other technologies, you should seek your own legal
advice about any laws applicable to such data collection, including any
requirements for providing notice and consent where appropriate.
IBM requires that Clients (1) provide a clear and conspicuous link to Customer's
website terms of use (e.g. privacy policy) which includes a link to IBM's and
Client's data collection and use practices, (2) notify that cookies and clear gifs/web
beacons are being placed on the visitor's computer by IBM on the Client's behalf
along with an explanation of the purpose of such technology, and (3) to the extent
required by law, obtain consent from website visitors prior to the placement of
cookies and clear gifs/web beacons placed by Client or IBM on Client's behalf on
website visitor's devices
For more information about the use of various technologies, including cookies, for
these purposes, See IBM's Online Privacy Statement at: http://www.ibm.com/
privacy/details/us/en section entitled "Cookies, Web Beacons and Other
Technologies."
Notices
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