null  null
LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Addendum 3 to Operator’s Manual
Software Version 1.5
For life science research only.
Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
June 2014
Information regarding the Addendum 3 to
LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s
Manual, Software Version 1.5
Dear Valued User of the LightCycler® 480 System,
In 2008, Roche Applied Science introduced the LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.
Please read the following update information for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software
Version 1.5.
This LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual Addendum 3 contains:
c Information about the LED light source in LightCycler® 480 Instruments
c Information about new accessories and disposables for LightCycler® 480 Instruments
cCorrections and update information related to the current LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5
Please note that for each update, corresponding page numbers are provided.
New information in the Addendum that is not found in the
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual is also highlighted in yellow background.
Questions or comments regarding the contents of this guide can be directed to your
Roche Diagnostics representative.
Table of Contents
Prologue
I
7
Document Information................................................................................................................................................... 7
1
Revision History..................................................................................................................................................................... 7
2
Edition Notice......................................................................................................................................................................... 7
3Copyright.................................................................................................................................................................................. 7
4Trademarks.............................................................................................................................................................................. 7
II
Contact Addresses........................................................................................................................................................... 8
III
Declaration of Conformity............................................................................................................................................ 8
IVWarranty................................................................................................................................................................................. 8
V
Intended Use........................................................................................................................................................................ 9
VI License Statements for LightCyler® 480 Instrument.................................................................................... 9
VII
Usage of this Addendum ............................................................................................................................................. 9
VIII
Conventions Used in this Addendum...................................................................................................................10
IX
Warnings and Precautions.........................................................................................................................................11
Chapter A Overview
2.
13
New Features.....................................................................................................................................................................13
2.1Hardware................................................................................................................................................................................13
3
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.....................................................................................13
3.4
Xenon Lamp..........................................................................................................................................................................13
3.4LED...........................................................................................................................................................................................13
4
4.1
4.1
5
Specifications of the Detection Unit....................................................................................................................14
Excitation with Xenon........................................................................................................................................................14
Excitation with LED............................................................................................................................................................14
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers...................................................................................................14
5.1LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum........................................................14
5.2LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver.................................................................14
Chapter B System Description
1
15
System Package..............................................................................................................................................................15
2Installation..........................................................................................................................................................................16
2.4
3
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................................16
System Description........................................................................................................................................................ 17
3.1
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument..................................................................................................... 17
3.3
Description of the Detection Unit.................................................................................................................................18
3.5LightCycler® 480 Disposables........................................................................................................................................19
Table of Contents
5
Table of Contents
Chapter D LightCycler® 480 Software Advanced Software Functionalities
7
7.1
14
20
Color Compensation Analysis..................................................................................................................................20
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.......................................................................................................20
Administrative Tools.......................................................................................................................................................21
14.5Instruments...........................................................................................................................................................................21
Chapter E Maintenance
3
6
22
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp....................................................................................................................................22
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Document Information
Prologue
I
Document Information
1
Revision History
Addendum Version
Software Version
Revision Date
Changes
V1.0
V1.5.1
June 2014
new version
2
Edition Notice
The Addendum 3 to the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5 is for users of
the LightCycler® 480 System, running software version 1.5.1, with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s
Manual, Software Version 1.5, together with the Instructions for Use for specific LightCycler® 480 Kits.
Every effort has been made to ensure that all the information contained in the Addendum 3 for the LightCycler®
480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5 is correct at the time of printing.
However, Roche Diagnostics GmbH reserves the right to make any changes necessary without notice as part of
ongoing product development.
3Copyright
© Copyright 2014, Roche Diagnostics GmbH. All rights reserved.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. No part of this document may be reproduced
or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express
written permission of Roche Diagnostics GmbH.
Questions or comments regarding the contents of this guide can be directed to your Roche Diagnostics
representative.
4Trademarks
LIGHTCYCLER, LC, HYBPROBE, SIMPLEPROBE, FASTSTART, MAGNA PURE, MAGNA LYSER, REALTIME
READY, HIGH PURE, and COBAS are trademarks of Roche.
Exiqon, ProbeLibrary, and LNA are registered trademarks of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek, Denmark.
SYBR is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR, USA.
All other product names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Prologue
7
Contact Addresses
II
Contact Addresses
Manufacturer
Roche Diagnostics International Ltd.
Forrenstrasse 2
6343 Rotkreuz
Switzerland
Distribution
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Sandhofer Straße 116
D-68305 Mannheim
Germany
Distribution in USA
Roche Diagnostics
9115 Hague Road
PO Box 50457
Indianapolis, IN 46250
USA
Made in Switzerland
III
Declaration of Conformity
The instrument meets the requirements laid down in Council Directive 89/336/EEC relating
to “Electromagnetic Compatibility” and Council Directive 73/23/EEC relating to “Low Voltage
Equipment”.
The following standards were applied: IEC/EN 61326 (EMC) and IEC/EN 61010-1 (Safety).
UL 61010-1 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use;
Part 1: General Requirements CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 61010-1 (Second Edition) Safety
Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use;
IVWarranty
The warranty conditions are specified in the sales contract. Contact your Roche Diagnostics representative for
further information.
Any unauthorized modification of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument and/or the LightCycler® 480 Software will
result in invalidity of the guarantee and service contract.
8
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Intended Use
V
Intended Use
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is intended for performing rapid, accurate polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
in combination with real-time, online detection, enabling Absolute or Relative Quantification of a target nucleic
acid, as well as post-PCR analysis of the amplified nucleic acid by Melting Curve analysis.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is intended for life science research only and must be used exclusively by
laboratory professionals trained in laboratory techniques and having studied the Instructions for Use of this
instrument. The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is not for use in diagnostic procedures.
VI License Statements for LightCyler® 480 Instrument
NOTICE: This product may be subject to certain use restrictions. Before using this product, please refer to the
Online Technical Support page (http://technical-support.roche.com), and search under the product number or
the product name, whether this product is subject to a license disclaimer containing use restrictions.
VII
Usage of this Addendum
Please read the following information, which updates information given in the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5 including Addendum 1 (February 2012), and Addendum 2 (August
2012).
This Addendum contains:
c Information about the LED light source in LightCycler® 480 Instruments
c Information about new accessories and disposables for LightCycler® 480 Instruments
cCorrections and update information related to the current LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5
Prologue
9
Conventions Used in this Addendum
VIII Conventions Used in this Addendum
Text Conventions
To present information that is consistent and easy to read, the following text conventions are used in this
Addendum:
Numbered Listing
Steps in a procedure that must be performed in the order listed.
Italic type, blue
Points to a different chapter in this Operator’s Manual, which should be consulted.
Italic type
Describes how to proceed when operating the LightCycler® 480 Software.
Yellow highlighted
background
Identifies information that may be different or new to that found in the
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual.
Symbols
The Addendum uses the following symbols as visual signals:
Symbol
10
Heading
Description
INFORMATION NOTE
Additional information about the current topic or
procedure.
IMPORTANT NOTE
Information critical to the success of the procedure or
use of the product.
MANUFACTURER OF DEVICE
On the instrument type plate.
CE MARK
The CE mark on the instrument type plate expresses
conformity with requirements of the directives relevant
for this instrument.
cUL MARK
On the instrument type plate.
HOT SURFACE
This symbol is used to label potentially hot instrument
surfaces.
ccc
Procedure continued on next page.
n
End of procedure.
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Warnings and Precautions
IX
Warnings and Precautions
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument must only be used by trained personnel.
It is essential that safety information described in the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software
Version 1.5 is observed. Please assure that this safety information is accessible to every employee working with
the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
General Precautions
The LightCycler® 480 System is equipped with software, enabling the user of the Product to connect it with a
network. Roche draws the attention of the user to the fact that such connection may have an adverse effect on
the Product’s integrity, for example, due to an infection of the Product with malicious code (viruses, Trojan
horses, etc.) or access by unauthorized third parties (e.g., intrusion by attackers). Roche therefore highly recommends protecting the Product against such risks by taking appropriate and state-of-the-art action.
As the Product is not intended to be used within networks without an appropriate firewall and has not been
designed for such use, Roche assumes no liability in that regard.
Roche offers the user a firewall product to be installed prior to the first connection of the Product to any network. For further information on this firewall and/or the Roche network security concept, please contact your
local Roche representative.
I n the event the user connects the Product with any network without using a firewall, Roche cannot offer any
product support regarding any problem resulting from such network connection.
In case of a standalone use of the software of the Product on or in connection with other IT components (e.g.,
installation on other PCs), Roche assumes no liability with respect to any interference of the user’s networks
and/other IT components such use might have. Roche’s liability for the proper functioning of the software
under the respective license and/or purchase agreements with the user shall remain unaffected.
Contact your local Roche representative for detailed information on firewall products from Roche.
The LightCycler® 480 Control Unit belongs to the instrument. Installation of additional software on the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument Control Unit presents the risk of interference with LightCycler® 480 Software
and LightCycler® 480 Software modules, and could affect result security.
Prologue
11
12
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
New Features
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5.
Chapter A Overview
A
page 26
2.
New Features
2.1Hardware
New Components
Light Emitting Diode, LED (replaces the lamp unit with the Xenon Lamp)
page 30
3
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.4
Xenon Lamp
You can purchase the Xenon Lamp for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument as an accessory:
LightCycler® 480 Xenon Lamp
Cat. No. 04 686 136 001
3.4LED
Starting with serial number 29001 for the LightCycle® 480 Instrument II 96-well version (Cat. No. 05 015
278 001), and serial number 5631 for LightCycler® 480 Instrument II 384-well version (Cat. No. 05 015 243
001), a high power, broad spectra LED with long lifetime is replacing the Xenon Lamp. The LED has a life
expectancy of >10,000 hours.
eplacing the LED is no longer the responsibility of the customer and therefore, not provided as an accessory.
R
The data generated on a Xenon Lamp instrument and on a LED instrument are fully comparable.
Overview
13
Specifications of the Detection Unit
A
page 32
4
Specifications of the Detection Unit
4.1
Excitation with Xenon
Type
Xenon reflector lamp
Wattage
100 W
Lifetime
> 500 h
4.1
Excitation with LED
Type
White power LED
Wattage
10 W
Lifetime
> 10,000 h
page 34
5
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers
5.1LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum
5.2LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver
Current Version
Temperature control
Peltier-based heating and cooling
Temperature range
37 — 95°C
Update
37 — 99°C
20°C starting temperature to perform specific
Melting Curve analysis if required
Heating rate
96-well block: 4.4°C/s
384-well block: 4.8°C/s
Cooling rate
96-well block: 2.2°C/s
384-well block: 2.5°C/s
14
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
System Package
Chapter B System Description
page 39
1
System Package
Quantity
Component
1
LightCycler® 480 Instrument, 96-wells
or
LightCycler® 480 Instrument, 384-wells
1
LightCycler® 480 Control Unit (incl. monitor)
1
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual including Addendum
1
LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5 Installation CD-Rom
1
Cable Mains Power (EU)
1
Cable Mains Power (US)
1
LAN Cable (3 m)
1
LightCycler® 480 Xenon Lamp
4
Ventilation Dust Filters
1
Sealing Foil Applicator
1
Protective Cap Lens
1
Protective Cap CCD Camera
1
Protective Cap Light Guide
10
Fuse 5×20 2.5AT H 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 3.15AT 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 8AT 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 T 10A H 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 16AT 250V ULR/IEC
System Description
B
15
Installation
page 46
B
2Installation
2.4
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Current information effective for control unit type HP dc7600:
The control unit that comes together with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument has two LAN interfaces: You
must use the upper LAN connector (Instrument LAN) to connect the control unit to the LightCycler® 480
Instrument. This must be a one-to-one (peer-to-peer) connection. You cannot connect them via a network
hub. You can use the lower LAN connector (Laboratory LAN) to interface the LightCycler® 480 System to
a laboratory network (LIMS) by using the functions of the LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module. To
connect several LightCycler® 480 Instruments to a laboratory network, you need a control unit for each
instrument, because (as mentioned above) the connection between instrument and control unit must always
be a direct connection. Installations with a network hub between instrument and control unit are currently
not supported.
Update information effective for new control unit types HP rp5700:
16
he control unit that comes with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument has two LAN interfaces: You must use the
T
RJ45 port located next to the COM 2 port (Instrument LAN) to connect the control unit to the LightCycler®
480 Instrument. The connection between instrument and control unit must always be a direct connection.
You cannot connect them via a network hub.
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
System Description
page 47/48
3
System Description
3.1
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
c Detection Unit consisting of the following:
c Lamp unit, housing the Xenon excitation lamp
c Optics unit, including the liquid light guide, emission and detection filters wheel, and the CCD camera
B
For LightCycler® 480 Instruments with an LED, the lamp unit and the liquid light guide are no longer used since
the LED lamp is directly mounted to the Optics unit.
Figure 6: Diagram showing the main building blocks of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
Left: LightCycler® 480 with Xenon lamp
Right: LightCycler® 480 with LED lamp
System Description
17
System Description
page 54
B
3.3
Description of the Detection Unit
The Detection Unit consists of two main components:
c
Optics unit consisting of the excitation and emission filter wheel, reference channel to monitor the light
source intensity, and mirrors to distribute the light to the MWP.
c
Cooled CCD camera calibrated to the optics unit.
...
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument uses a Xenon reflector lamp, or a white LED as excitation light source. The
lamp emits light in a broad wavelength range, making it possible to use different fluorophores.
Xenon reflector lamp
The Xenon Lamp requires a stabilization phase of approximately two minutes to reach full intensity. The lamp
is shut off automatically after 10 minutes of instrument inactivity. This delay ensures that no additional prewarming is needed for a subsequent run that is performed within a short time of an initial run. The Xenon
Lamp has an average lifetime of at least 500 hours. After 1,000 operating hours, there is a small chance that the
lamp may explode; therefore, the instrument will give a warning to replace the lamp.
Light intensity is measured automatically by the instrument, and the user is informed when the intensity falls
below a minimum limit, ensuring sufficient excitation efficiency. The Xenon Lamp can be exchanged manually
by the user. A Roche service engineer is not required. For details about exchanging the Xenon Lamp, see section
Maintenance.
White power LED
The white power LED is the successor of the Xenon Lamp and has the same functionality. The LED is passively
cooled and directly placed on the heat sink. The average lifetime of the LED is >10,000 hours and therefore a
lamp exchange by the customer is not required.
page 55
The light emitted by the Xenon Lamp is passed to the optics unit through a liquid light guide. A light pipe at the
end of the light guide generates a uniform illumination and …
The LED is mounted directly to the Detection Unit. With the change of the light source, the liquid light guide
is now obsolete.
…
…
In parallel to the fluorescent signals emitted by the PCR multiwell plate, a reference channel measures the
intensity of the light source. The measured values are used to compensate for possible intensity fluctuations
that could influence the intensity of fluorescent signals. This measure guarantees the lowest possible intra- and
inter-assay variance.
…
18
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
System Description
page 58/59
3.5LightCycler® 480 Disposables
Specially designed PCR multiwell plates are available for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument:
cLightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates 96/384, clear
cLightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates 96/384, white
In addition, the LightCycler® 8-Tube Strip Adapter Plate allows the usage of LightCycler® 8-Tube Strips:
c
LightCycler® 8-Tube Strip Adapter Plate (Cat. No. 06 612 598 001)
The LightCycler® 8-Tube Strip Adapter Plate can only be used with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I and
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, 96-well version.
B
c
LightCycler® 8-Tube Strips white (Cat. No. 06 612 601 001)
c
LightCycler® 8-Tube Strips clear (Cat. No. 06 327 672 001)
LightCycler® 8-Tube Strip Adapter Plate on top of a standard multiwell plate 96 (MWP)
LightCycler® 8-Tube Strips (white and clear)
Close the tubes by firmly pressing a strip of caps into place. Make sure the tubes are closed properly, otherwise
the contents could evaporate during the run.
lace the strips symmetrically on the adapter plate. If the mount is loaded asymmetrically, the block cycler
P
cover is charged asymmetrically and the instrument could be damaged.
Always centrifuge the filled and capped tube strips before loading them into the instrument. Always wear
gloves and take care not to contaminate the caps. Fingerprints and other staining on the caps can affect the
results.
The LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates and the LightCycler® 8-Tube Strips are intended for single use only.
Never use a multiwell plate or tube strip more than once (even after cleaning it), as this can lead to unreliable
results or incorrect integration time.
Using strips other than specified above may harm the instrument and could result in the instrument crashing,
or reduce the life time of the thermo block.
System Description
19
Color Compensation Analysis
Chapter D LightCycler® 480 Software
Advanced Software Functionalities
page 248
7
Color Compensation Analysis
Universal Color Compensation Objects
D
cLightCycler® 480 Instrument II (with Xenon Lamp as well as with LED): Universal CC objects can be
applied …
page 251
7.1
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
Preferably, use dyes which are not detected in adjacent channels. Some dye combinations used in dual-color
hydrolysis probe assays don’t require Color Compensation (see table below).
LightCycler® 480
Instrument II
Current Version
Update
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Red 610 (533-610)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Red 610 (533-610)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Red 640 (618-660)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Red 640 (618-660)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Cy 5 (618-660)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Cy 5 (618-660)
FAM (456-510) — Red 610 (533-610)
FAM (465-510) — Red 610 (533-610)
FAM (456-510) — Red 640 (618-660)
FAM (465-510) — Red 640 (618-660)
FAM (456-510) — Cy5 (618-660)
FAM (465-510) — Cy5 (618-660)
HEX / VIC (533-580) — Cy5 (618-660)
HEX / VIC (533-580) — Cy5 (618-660)
page 252
In the case of insufficient Color Compensation leading to overcompensation or remaining crosstalk, we recommend the following:
cIf you do not want to change your current dye labels, adjust the fluorescence height of adjacent channels
to an equal level (e.g., if the maximum fluorescence of FAM measured in channel 533 is 40 units and the
fluorescence of VIC measured in channel 568 is just 10 units, reduce the amount of FAM to a level of 10 to
20 units).
This recommendation is only relevant using the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I containing the filters 533
and 568.
20
Addendum 3 for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Administrative Tools
page 254
When a Color Compensation ID is entered, only Color Compensation objects with matching ID can be
applied to an experiment.
This means that when working with Color Compensation IDs entered into a Color Compensation run/
object, or in an experiment run, this requires an identical ID for color compensation.
Especially when working with the LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module, this ID number is highly
convenient …
page 319
14
Administrative Tools
14.5Instruments
The Instrument window allows you to view information for the currently active instrument and to change the
active instrument and the used multiwell plates.
D
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II version with Xenon Lamp:
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II version with LED:
Advanced Software Functionalities
21
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
Chapter E Maintenance
page 354 (see also page 55 of Addendum 1)
3
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
Sufficient intensity of the Xenon excitation lamp is a requirement for optimal detection of fluorescent signals
during real-time PCR and melting curve analysis. The LightCycler® 480 Instrument automatically and
continually measures the intensity of the Xenon Lamp.
When lamp intensity falls below the minimum intensity of 2,000 units or 4,500 units, depending on the
Detection Unit type, or reaches 1,000 working hours, you are automatically prompted by the LightCycler® 480
Software that the Xenon Lamp must be exchanged.
E
22
The Xenon Lamp is available as an exchange spare part from Roche. Please contact your local Roche representative
for details.
LightCycler® 480 Instruments with LED do not allow the customer to replace the light source. If the LED does
break, please contact your local Roche representative (LED can only be exchanged by a service engineer).
Addendum 3 to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Published by
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Sandhofer Straße 116
68305 Mannheim
Germany
© 2014 Roche Diagnostics.
All rights reserved.
07351348001  0614
For life science research only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
LIGHTCYCLER, LC, HYBPROBE, SIMPLEPROBE, FASTSTART, MAGNA PURE, MAGNA LYSER, REALTIME READY,
HIGH PURE and COBAS are trademarks of Roche.
Exiqon, ProbeLibrary and LNA are registered trademarks of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek, Denmark.
SYBR is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR, USA.
All other product names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Addendum 2 to Operator’s Manual, Version 3.0
Software Version 1.5
August 2012
Addendum 2 to LightCycler ® 480
Gene Scanning Software Guide, Version 2.0
Software Version 1.5
August 2012
Addendum 1 to LightCycler ® 480
LIMS Interface Module Guide, Version 2.0
Software Version 1.5
August 2012
Addendum 1 to LightCycler ® 480
LIMS Module SP1 Reference Manual, Version 03
Software Version 1.5
For life science research only.
Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
August 2012
Information regarding
LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Dear Valued User of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument,
Roche Diagnostics Ltd. has merged into Roche Diagnostics International Ltd and therefore
the company name has changed to
Roche Diagnostics International Ltd
If you have any further questions regarding this matter, please do not hesitate to contact your
Roche Diagnostics representative. To call, write, fax, or email us, visit the Roche Applied Science
home page, http://www.roche-applied-science.com and select your home country.
Country-specific contact information will be displayed.
The name of the legal manufacturer in section
“Prologue (Introduction)/Contact Addresses” changes as follows:
New adress
Roche Diagnostics Ltd.
Forrenstrasse
CH-6343 Rotkreuz
Switzerland
Roche Diagnostics International Ltd
Forrenstrasse 2
6343 Rotkreuz
Switzerland
06845053001 a 0812
Old adress
LIGHTCYCLER is a trademark of Roche.
For life science research only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
©2012 Roche Diagnostics.
All rights reserved.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Addendum 1 to Operator’s Manual
Software Version 1.5
For life science research only.
Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
February 2012
Information regarding the Addendum
to LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Dear Valued User of the LightCycler® 480 System,
In 2008, Roche Applied Science introduced the LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software
Version 1.5.
This LightCycler® 480 Operator´s Manual Addendum contains:
c Information about the new version of the LightCycler® 480 Software, Version 1.5.1
c Corrections related to the current LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
c Information about LightCycler® 480 Database Backup, Cleanup & Compacting
Please note that for each update, corresponding page numbers are provided.
New information in the Addendum that is not found in the
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual is also highlighted in yellow background.
Questions or comments regarding the contents of this guide can be directed to your
Roche Diagnostics representative.
Table of Contents
Prologue
I
Document Information................................................................................................................................................... 9
1
2
3
4
9
Revision History..................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Edition Notice......................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Copyright.................................................................................................................................................................................. 9
Trademarks.............................................................................................................................................................................. 9
II
Contact Addresses.........................................................................................................................................................10
III
Declaration of Conformity..........................................................................................................................................10
IV
21 CFR Part 11 Compliance......................................................................................................................................10
V
Warranty...............................................................................................................................................................................10
VI
Intended Use......................................................................................................................................................................11
VII License Statements for LightCyler® 480 Instrument..................................................................................11
VIII
Preamble..............................................................................................................................................................................11
IX
Usage of this Addendum ...........................................................................................................................................11
X
Conventions Used in this Addendum...................................................................................................................12
XI
Warnings and Precautions.........................................................................................................................................12
Chapter A Overview
1.
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................................13
2.
New Features.....................................................................................................................................................................13
2.1
2.4
3
3.1
4
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
5
5.1
5.2
13
Hardware................................................................................................................................................................................13
New Features of Software Version 1.5.1.....................................................................................................................13
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.....................................................................................14
General...................................................................................................................................................................................14
Specifications of the Detection Unit....................................................................................................................14
Filter.........................................................................................................................................................................................14
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I........................................................................................................14
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II.......................................................................................................14
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers...................................................................................................15
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum........................................................15
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver.................................................................15
Chapter B System Description
1
System Package..............................................................................................................................................................16
3
3.5
16
System Description........................................................................................................................................................16
LightCycler® 480 Disposables........................................................................................................................................16
Chapter C Operation
2
System Start-Up............................................................................................................................................................... 17
Table of Contents
17
5
Table of Contents
Chapter D LightCycler® 480 Software 18
Basic Software Functionalities
18
1
1.5
2
2.1
2.1.2
2.1.4
2.2
®
Overview of LightCycler 480 Software.............................................................................................................18
Exporting and Importing..................................................................................................................................................18
Programming and Running an Experiment.......................................................................................................18
Programming an Experiment..........................................................................................................................................18
Defining Programs and Temperature Targets..........................................................................................................18
Adding Run Notes..............................................................................................................................................................18
Running an Experiment....................................................................................................................................................18
Software Applications
4
4.2
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.5
4.2.6
4.3
4.3.2
4.3.5
4.3.8
4.3.10
5
5.1
5.1.1
5.2
6
6.2
6.2.4
6.3
6.3.3
19
Quantification....................................................................................................................................................................19
Absolute Quantification Analysis..................................................................................................................................19
Understanding the Role of Standard Curves...........................................................................................................19
Providing the Standard Curve........................................................................................................................................20
Performing Absolute Quantification Analysis Using the Fit Points Method.................................................20
Viewing Results...................................................................................................................................................................20
Relative Quantification Analysis....................................................................................................................................21
Mono-Color or Dual-Color Experiment......................................................................................................................21
Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment...........................................................................21
Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets................................................................................................................21
Supplementary Information............................................................................................................................................22
Tm Calling Analysis.........................................................................................................................................................23
Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products and Genotypes......................................................23
Defining a Melt Program..................................................................................................................................................23
Performing Tm Calling Analysis......................................................................................................................................23
Genotyping..........................................................................................................................................................................24
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis.......................................................................................................................................24
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Analysis.........................................................................................................24
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis............................................................................................................................24
Performing a Melting Curve Genotyping Experiment...........................................................................................24
Advanced Software Functionalities
7
Color Compensation Analysis..................................................................................................................................25
7.1
25
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.......................................................................................................25
12
Generating Reports........................................................................................................................................................26
14
Administrative Tools.......................................................................................................................................................26
14.4
Database Information ......................................................................................................................................................26
14.4.2Guidelines for LightCycler®480 Database Backup, Cleanup & Compacting ............................................. 27
14.4.3
Database CompactIB Tool...............................................................................................................................................30
16Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software.................................................................32
Updating LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1......................................................................................32
16.6 6
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1 on Operating System Windows XP .........................................32
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1 on Operating System Windows 7..............................................45
Setting up a Client/Server Network.............................................................................................................................53
Network and LIMS Support............................................................................................................................................53
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Table of Contents
Chapter E Maintenance
3
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp....................................................................................................................................55
5
Exchanging Fuses............................................................................................................................................................55
Chapter F Appendix
1
1.4
2
55
56
Troubleshooting................................................................................................................................................................56
Remote Service....................................................................................................................................................................56
Ordering Information..................................................................................................................................................... 57
Table of Contents
7
8
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Document Information
Prologue
I
Document Information
1
Revision History
Addendum Version
Software Version
Revision Date
Changes
V1.0
V1.5.1
February 2012
new version
2
Edition Notice
The Addendum to the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5 is for users
of the LightCycler® 480 System, running Software Version 1.5, or Software Version 1.5.1. Refer to the user
documentation of the LightCycler® 480 System, the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software
Version 1.5, together with the Instructions for Use for specific LightCycler® 480 Kits.
Every effort has been made to ensure that all the information contained in the Addendum for the LightCycler® 480
Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5 is correct at the time of printing.
However, Roche Diagnostics GmbH reserves the right to make any changes necessary without notice as part of
ongoing product development.
3
Copyright
© Copyright 2012, Roche Diagnostics GmbH. All rights reserved.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. No part of this document may be reproduced
or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express
written permission of Roche Diagnostics GmbH.
Questions or comments regarding the contents of this manual can be directed to your Roche Diagnostics
representative.
4
Trademarks
LIGHTCYCLER, LC, HYBPROBE, SIMPLEPROBE, FASTSTART, MAGNA PURE, MAGNA LYSER, REALTIME
READY, HIGH PURE, RESOLIGHT, and COBAS are trademarks of Roche.
Exiqon, ProbeLibrary and LNA are registered trademarks of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek, Denmark.
SYBR is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR, USA.
All other product names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Prologue
9
Contact Addresses
II
III
Contact Addresses
Manufacturer
Roche Diagnostics Ltd.
Forrenstrasse
CH-6343 Rotkreuz
Switzerland
Distribution
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Sandhofer Straße 116
D-68305 Mannheim
Germany
Distribution in USA
Roche Diagnostics
9115 Hague Road
PO Box 50457
Indianapolis, IN 46250
USA
Declaration of Conformity
The instrument meets the requirements laid down in Council Directive 89/336/EEC relating
to “Electromagnetic Compatibility” and Council Directive 73/23/EEC relating to “Low Voltage
Equipment”.
The following standards were applied: IEC/EN 61326 (EMC) and IEC/EN 61010-1 (Safety).
UL 61010-1 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use;
Part 1: General Requirements CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 61010-1 (Second Edition) Safety
Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use;
Part 1: General Requirements
IV
21 CFR Part 11 Compliance
LightCycler® 480 Software, using traceable database type, is designed to provide compatibility#) with FDA’s
21 CFR Part 11 requirements.
The software is compatible with the regulations for electronic records (Subpart B). Since LightCycler® 480
Software does not feature electronic signatures the regulations for electronic signatures (Subpart C) are not
applicable.
#)Full part 11 compliance of the LightCycler® 480 Software is to be established at the user’s site and depends
on appropriate configuration and setup, and the implementation of suitable organizational measures.
V
Warranty
The warranty conditions are specified in the sales contract. Contact your Roche Diagnostics representative for
further information.
Any unauthorized modification of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument and/or the LightCycler® 480 Software will
result in invalidity of the guarantee and service contract.
10
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Intended Use
VI
Intended Use
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is intended for performing rapid, accurate polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
in combination with real-time, online detection enabling Absolute or Relative Quantification of a target nucleic
acid, as well as post-PCR analysis of the amplified nucleic acid by Melting Curve analysis.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is intended for life science research only and must be used exclusively by
laboratory professionals trained in laboratory techniques and having studied the instructions for use of this
instrument. The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is not for use in diagnostic procedures.
VII License Statements for LightCyler® 480 Instrument
NOTICE: This product may be subject to certain use restrictions. Before using this product, please refer to the
Online Technical Support page (http://technical-support.roche.com), and search under the product number or
the product name, whether this product is subject to a license disclaimer containing use restrictions.
VIII Preamble
Before setting up operation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, it is important to read this Addendum and
the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual thoroughly and completely. Non-observance of the
instructions contained in these manuals could entail safety hazards.
IX
Usage of this Addendum
Please read the following information, which updates information given in the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Operator’s Manual, Software Version 1.5.
This Addendum contains:
c Information about LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.1
c Corrections related to the current LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
c Information about LightCycler® 480 Database Backup, Cleanup & Compacting
Prologue
11
Conventions Used in this Addendum
X
Conventions Used in this Addendum
Text Conventions
To present information that is consistent and easy to read, the following text conventions are used in this
Addendum:
Numbered Listing
Steps in a procedure that must be performed in the order listed.
Italic type, blue
Points to a different chapter in this Operator’s Manual, which should be consulted.
Italic type
Describes how to proceed when operating the LightCycler® 480 Software.
Yellow highlighted
background
Identifies information that may be different or new to that found in the
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual.
Symbols
The Addendum uses the following symbols as visual signals:
Symbol
Heading
Description
INFORMATION NOTE
Additional information about the current topic or
procedure.
IMPORTANT NOTE
Information critical to the success of the procedure or
use of the product.
MANUFACTURER OF DEVICE
On the instrument type plate.
CE MARK
The CE mark on the instrument type plate expresses
conformity with requirements of the directives relevant
for this instrument.
cUL MARK
On the instrument type plate.
HO’T SURFACE
This symbol is used to label potentially hot instrument
surfaces.
ccc
Procedure continued on next page.
n
End of procedure.
XI
Warnings and Precautions
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument must only be used by trained personnel.
It is essential that safety information described in the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual, Software
Version 1.5 is observed. Please assure that this safety information is accessible to every employee working with
the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
12
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Introduction
Chapter A Overview
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5.
page 25
1.
A
Introduction
cWith the accessory Software Module Gene Scanning analyze genetic variations (SNPs, mutations,
methylations) with the novel High Resolution Melting method. The LightCycler® 480 Software automatically
determines differences in the genotype of each sample by comparing all melting curve profiles.
Use the accessory Multiple Plate Analysis Software to perform statistic analyses with different analyzing
modules, e.g., AbsQuant Summary or Haplotyping.
LightCycler® 480 Multiple Plate Analysis Software is only validated for Windows XP and Excel 2003.
LightCycler® 480 Multiple Plate Analysis Software is not validated for use with Windows 7 and Excel 2010,
and will not function in this configuration.
page 26
2.
New Features
2.1
Hardware
New Components
LightCycler® 480 Detection Unit III (camera redesign)
page 28
2.4
New Features of Software Version 1.5.1
cThe Software Version 1.5.1 is compatible with the Windows 7 Operating System and with Windows XP.
cFirmware update is included.
cLightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.1 contains all patches of previous Service Packs:
cLightCycler® 480 Service Pack 1 for the correct conversion of Rel. Quant. Experiments including an
External Reference.
cLightCycler® 480 Service Pack 3 expands data analysis capabilities using the Relative Quantification
Module. A temperature reporting issue has also been addressed.
cLightCycler® 480 Service Pack 4 was introduced to rectify wrongly generated hardware Error 210259098,
in which the thermal block temperature is out of range during ramp phase.
cIn addition, the accessory software modules, LightCycler® 480 Gene Scanning Software and the
LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module, have been updated for use together with the LightCycler® 480
Software Version 1.5.1 on the Windows 7 Operating System.
Overview
13
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
A
page 29
3
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.1
General
Power supply/consumption
Current Version
Update
200–240 Vac
50/60 Hz 1500 VA
200-240 Vac (+10%/-15%)
50/60 Hz (+/- 2 Hz)
page 32
4
Specifications of the Detection Unit
4.3
Filter
4.3.1
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I
Current Version
Update
Excitation wavelengths (nm)
Half Band Width (HBW)
Band Width (BW)
Detection wavelengths (nm)
Half Band Width (HBW)
Band Width (BW)
page 33
4.3.2
14
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II
Current Version
Update
Excitation wavelengths (nm)
Half Band Width (HBW)
Band Width (BW)
Detection wavelengths (nm)
Half Band Width (HBW)
Band Width (BW)
95 nm (low pass)
95 nm (long pass)
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers
page 34
5
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers
5.1
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum
5.2
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver
Thermal homogeneity
0.8°C within 60 seconds of target attainment (+72°C)
Thermal accuracy
+/- 0.3°C within 10 seconds of target attainment (+55°C – +95°C)
A
+/- 0.2°C within 60 seconds of target attainment (+55°C – +95°C)
Overview
15
System Package
Chapter B System Description
B
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5.
page 39
1
System Package
Quantity
Component
1
LightCycler® 480 Instrument, 96-wells
or
LightCycler® 480 Instrument, 384-wells
1
LightCycler® 480 Control Unit (incl. monitor)
1
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual including Addendum
1
LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5 Installation CD-Rom
1
Cable Mains Power (EU)
1
Cable Mains Power (US)
1
LAN Cable (3 m)
1
LightCycler® 480 Xenon Lamp
4
Ventilation Dust Filters
1
Sealing Foil Applicator
1
Protective Cap Lens
1
Protective Cap CCD Camera
1
Protective Cap Light Guide
10
Fuse 5×20 2.5AT H 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 3.15AT 250V ULR/ICE
10
Fuse 5×20 8AT 250V ULR
10
Fuse 5×20 T 10A H 250V ULR/ICE
10
Fuse 5×20 16AT 250V ULR
page 59
3
System Description
3.5
LightCycler® 480 Disposables
Before loading the LightCycler® PCR multiwell plate into the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, make certain that
it is sealed properly with the self-adhesive sealing foil. The adhesive LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil is pressed
onto the plate with an appropriate force, to produce a tight seal. Sealing the plate is essential for eliminating
evaporation at high temperatures. Use only the recommended sealing foil. During Roche production of the
sealing foil, DNAses and RNAses are thermally destroyed. Centrifuge the filled and sealed LightCycler® PCR
multiwell plate, just before loading it into the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
16
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
System Start-Up
Chapter C Operation
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5.
page 76
2
System Start-Up
2
Turn on LightCycler® 480 Control Unit
3
Log on to Windows XP for LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5, or 1.5.1.
Log on to Windows 7 for LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1.
Operation
C
17
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Chapter D LightCycler® 480 Software
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5.
Basic Software Functionalities
page 113
D
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
1.5
Exporting and Importing
When working with the LightCycler® 480 Software installed on an office PC, make sure “Windows Language
Settings” in the windows control panel (Regional and Language options) are changed to the English
dots and comma settings. A quick check for the correct language setting is to verify that the Cp values are
displayed with dots (20.5) which is correct, and not with commas (20,5) which is incorrect. Data using the
comma language setting will result in data incompatibiltiy when importing to other destinations.
page 131
2
Programming and Running an Experiment
2.1
Programming an Experiment
2.1.2
Defining Programs and Temperature Targets
5
6
The very last program must be a cooling step with +40°C Target (°C) temperature, and 30s Hold time
for easier plate removal.
Declaration of time is estimated.
Note that the time displayed in programming mode is only an estimation and does not necessarily
correspond to the actual time required to run the experiment.
page 132
2.1.4
Adding Run Notes
Add comments about the experiment using the Run Notes tab.
page 134
2.2
Running an Experiment
During a run, data aquisition requires memory. It is recommended not to use the LightCycler® 480 Control
Unit during a real-time PCR run. Minimizing the software display on the monitor especially during High
Resolution Melting and for 384- well plate experiments does speed up the data transfer.
18
Addendum for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Quantification
Software Applications
page 162
4
Quantification
4.2
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4.2.2
Understanding the Role of Standard Curves
In an Absolute Quantification analysis, a standard curve is used to determine the concentration of unknown
samples. In a standard curve, the concentrations of standard samples are plotted against the Cps of the samples.
The X axis represents the log of the initial target concentration, and the Y axis represents Cp in cycles.
For the Fit Points analysis method, the standard curve is a linear regression line of these plotted data. For the
Second Derivative Maximum analysis method, the software automatically displays the standard curve as linear
or as a non-linear (polynomial) regression line, for higher accuracy of data at the detection limit.
page 163
D
The Slope of the standard curve describes the kinetics of the PCR amplification. It indicates how quickly the
amount of target Nucleic Acid (NA) can be expected to increase with the amplification cycles. The slope of the
standard curve is also referred to as the Efficiency of the amplification reaction. A perfect amplification reaction
would produce a standard curve with an efficiency of “2”, because the amount of target NA would double with
each amplification cycle (according to the equation 1: Tn = T0 × 2n described above).
The PCR efficiency can easily be calculated using the formula: E = 10-1/slope (e.g., slope = -3.3 R E = 2).
LightCycler® 480 Software automatically calculates the efficiency and displays it on the analysis window. In
reality, reactions often exhibit an efficiency lower than two. For example, as shown below, the standard curve
has an efficiency of 1.938.
The Error value (mean squared error of the single data points fit to the regression line), given on the left side
of the standard curve, is a measure of the accuracy of the quantification result based on the standard curve (an
acceptable value should be < 0.2).
The YIntercept shown indicates the crossing point for the log concentration of 0 (=1).
For the Second Derivative Maximum analysis method, the Link value is shown on the left side of the standard
curve. The link describes the shape of a standard curve. When the link value is 0.000, the standard curve follows
a linear regression line. When the link value is >0.000, the link marks the transition point or concentration
between linear and non-linear fit of the standard curve.
Do not use calculated concentrations based on extrapolated standard curve data, especially not for nonlinear fit standard curves.
Software Applications
19
Quantification
page 165
4.2.3
Providing the Standard Curve
To save a standard curve:
8
LightCycler® 480 software automatically navigates to the location User folder – Special Data – Std Curve
subfolder. To save the standard curve, enter a file name, and click
page 173
D
4.2.5
Performing Absolute Quantification Analysis Using the Fit Points Method
To perform an Absolute Quantification experiment using the Fit Points method:
8
If you move the vertical sliders to change the range of cycles to be used for calculation, the curves in the
chart are immediately adjusted to their new background corrected values and redisplayed in the chart.
A
ll analyses are based on either Cp values or on melting curves. This means that they are independent of
the starting point. The exception is the Fit Points method. Here it is important to normalize the curves so
that they do not to reach the 0-line and negative values. This is because for the next Noise Band step, the
software switches to a log y-axis display, and a log of 0 or of negative values is not possible.
page 177
4.2.6
Viewing Results
Result
Description
Cp
The crossing point of the sample
U
ncertain concentration values are not displayed in brackets. Additional information is listed in the
status column in the sample table with a yellow background.
The reliable range of the standard curve is defined by the concentration of the highest and lowest
standard. When the calculated concentration value of a sample is higher than the highest standard
or lower than the lowest standard, this value is outside the standard curve range and this is indicated
in the status column.
20
Result
Description Current Version
Description Change
Status
? Detector code uncertain
? Detector call uncertain
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Quantification
page 182
4.3
Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.2
Mono-Color or Dual-Color Experiment
cTarget and reference samples are amplified in the same multiwell plate. In this case use the “In-Run” Reference
Sample Location option (see below).
cTarget and reference samples are amplified in separate multiwell plates. In this case, use the “External”
Reference Sample Location option (see below).
It is not required that target and reference are detected by the same filter combination.
For Rel Quant experiments with external reference samples, use the monocolor reference experimental setup.
page 187
4.3.5
Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment
D
To perform an Advanced Relative Quantification experiment:
2
(Optional) Define the subset that will be analyzed: Refer to section Working with Subsets for details. If no
subset is defined, the software will analyze the whole plate and automatically identify empty sample locations as negative.
For software version 1.5.0 create sample subsets when performing Advanced Relative Quantification analysis
in a left–to–right mode (row by row). This enables successful auto pairing of samples for Advanced Relative
Quantification analysis.
page 200 and page 201
4.3.8
Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets
Manual Pairing
3
Correction factor
Current Version
Changes
cIf there is only one target calibrator
and one reference calibrator, click the
Correction Factor button.
cIf there is more than one
calibrator (target and reference),
edit the Correction Factor value
in the Pairs list
cIf there is more than one target calibrator
or reference calibrator, select the
Correction Factor in the Pairs list.
4
Multiplication factor
cIf there is only one target calibrator
and one reference calibrator, click the
Multiplication Factor button.
cIf there is more than one target calibrator or reference calibrator, select the
Multiplication Factor in the Pairs list.
Software Applications
cIf you want to apply a
multiplication factor to the
Result Set, edit the
Multiplication Factor value
in the Pairs list.
21
Quantification
page 205
4.3.10
Supplementary Information
Result Control Concept
LightCycler® 480 Relative Quantification Software uses a control concept to assess whether a result is valid,
uncertain, or invalid. “Uncertain” result values are displayed and corresponding information is indicated in
the status column. “Invalid” or no value is displayed for invalid results. See the table below for an overview of
possible result.
D
Current Version
Changes
Targets/References
Calibrators
Concentration Normalized
Ratio
Ratio
Concentration Normalized
Ratio
Ratio
Positive/Positive
Positive
Ratio
Ratio
Ratio
Ratio
Negative or Uncertain
Ratio
Invalid
Ratio
Invalid
Positive/Uncertain,
Uncertain/Positive,
Uncertain/Uncertain
Positive
[Ratio]
[Ratio]
Ratio
Ratio
Negative or Uncertain
[Ratio]
Invalid
Ratio
Invalid
Negative/Positive
Positive
Zero
Zero
Zero
Zero
Negative or Uncertain
Zero
Invalid
Zero
Invalid
Positive
[Zero]
[Zero]
Zero
Zero
Negative or Uncertain
[Zero]
Invalid
Zero
Invalid
Positive/Negative,
Uncertain/Negative,
Negative/Negative
All
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Any Invalid
(unknown, reference
or calibrator)
-
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Failed standard curve
-
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Invalid
Negative/Uncertain
When all selected calibrator replicates in a result set are positive, the normalized concentration ratio is
calculated.
If at least one selected calibrator replicate in a result set is not positive, the normalized concentration ratio is
invalid.
See page 17: Uncertain values are not displayed in brackets. Additional information is listed in the status
column with a yellow background.
The status column in the Results table contains information related to the result set.
The following codes are possible:
C : Target/Reference ratio uncertain
N : Normalized ratio uncertain
T : Uncertain target Cp
R : Uncertain reference Cp
E : Extrapolated standard curve
22
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Tm Calling Analysis
page 206
5
Tm Calling Analysis
5.1
Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products and Genotypes
5.1.1
Defining a Melt Program
You can use melting temperatures from +20 to +95°C. Please note that samples should be cooled to 20°C only
for a short time (<15 min).
For melting curves starting at +20°C first allow to cool down with the proper ramp rate of 2.2°C/s (for
LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 96), or 2.5°C/s (for LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 384) and a hold time of
approximately 30–60s.
The minimum range for a melting curve program is 17°C for successful Tm Calling, Genotyping, and Color
Compensation analysis.
page 208
5.2
D
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
The automatic Tm Calling algorithm requires that you start the melt program at least 7°C before and end it
at least 3°C after the expected Tm value.
See page 206: The minimum temperature range for a melting curve program within an experiment must be
17°C for a successful Tm Calling, Genotyping, or Color Compensation analysis.
page 215
To perform manual Tm Calling analysis:
4
The Tm value is displayed in the Tm field to the right of the Tm checkbox. The areas, heights and widths of the
corresponding Tm are recalculated and displayed in the sample list for this sample.
Current Version
Change
In the Sample Table, manually edited
Tm values are indicated by an asterisk.
All manually modified calls are marked as such in
the Sample Table, and in reports. The status column
in the Sample Table has a yellow background,
displaying the text *-Manually edited.
Software Applications
23
Genotyping
page 229
6
Genotyping
6.2
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
6.2.4
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
To perform an Endpoint Genotyping analysis:
D
8
A minimum of 12 samples should be used for reliable calling. The minimum number of positives per
group will depend on the angular separation between groups.
page 235
6.3
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis
6.3.3
Performing a Melting Curve Genotyping Experiment
To perform a Melting Curve Genotyping experiment:
1
24
Current Version
Change
There must be at least 15 degrees of temperature
data in the melting in the experiment in order to
create a Melting Curve Genotyping analysis.
There must be at least 17 degrees of temperature
data in the melting in the experiment in order to
create a Melting Curve Genotyping analysis.
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Color Compensation Analysis
Advanced Software Functionalities
page 254
7
Color Compensation Analysis
7.1
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
To run a Color Compensation experiment:
2
c Create a Color
Compensation
experiment that
has one temperature
gradient program
with the following
segments:
Current Version
Change
Segment 1:
95ºC for 0 seconds
at 4.8ºC/sec.
Segment 1: +95ºC for 10 seconds at 4.8ºC/sec
(for LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 384)
Segment 1: +95ºC for 10 seconds at 4.4ºC/sec
(for LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 96)
Segment 2:
40ºC for 30 seconds
at 2.5ºC/sec.
Segment 2: +40ºC for 30 seconds at 2.5ºC/sec
(for LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 384)
D
Segment 2: +40ºC for 30 seconds at 2.2ºC/sec
(for LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 96)
Segment 3:
XºC for 0 seconds at
1 acquisition/°C, continuous;
Segment 3:
XºC at 1 acquisition/°C,
continuous;
X = experimental measurement
temperature +5°C.
X = experimental measurement
temperature +5°C
page 255
4
Pipette the reactions into the multiwell plate e.g., a typical setup might look as below.
All samples must be analyzed together. To ensure this, group them in a single subset.
Advanced Software Functionalities
25
Generating Reports
page 280
12
Generating Reports
To generate and print a report:
9
Click Generate to view the report:
F or the graphic display, the colors of the Sample preferences’ settings defined in the Sample Editor are
used. It is not possible to change to colors shown in the analyses (e.g. Results, Sample Types etc.).
For details, see the chapter for Entering Sample Information.
D
Legends for analysis charts are limited to 24 different curves. More curves are displayed in the chart, but
without legend annotations.
It is not possible to generate a report displaying multiple dye signals for a sample in a list or table for an
experimental analysis.
page 314–317
14
Administrative Tools
14.4
Database Information
Database Information – update substituting 14.4.2.–14.4.3.
26
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Why backup, cleanup and compact the database at regular intervals?
14.4.2Guidelines for LightCycler®480 Database Backup, Cleanup & Compacting
Why backup, cleanup and compact the database at regular intervals?
Database backup, cleanup and compacting at regular intervals prevents database overload. If a database is too
large it can result in a loss of data and database corruption.
The main causes for database corruption are power loss, switching off the LightCycler® 480 Control Unit in
an unsecure manner, or having a hard drive that is running out of space.
There is no definitive maximum database size for the LightCycler® 480 System. A rule of thumb is not to have
databases larger than 4.5 GB in size. The reason for this is to be able to backup the database on a single DVD.
For safety and security reasons, to best cope with a potential hard drive crash, use the second hard drive, the
D drive, for backup storage.
Database Backup
Using Exor4
1
Close the LightCycler® 480 Application Software, and right click the Exor4 icon of the database you want to
backup in the Windows task bar. Exor4 must be running at this time.
2
Select Backup Database. In the next window, assign the folder where you want to save the database.
3
Click Save. The database is now saved automatically with a date and time stamp.
D
■
Manually
The database can also be copied manually to the backup directory using Windows Explorer.
The location of the database file is different for Windows XP and Windows 7:
Windows XP
C:\Program files\Roche\Exor4\Data
Windows 7
C:\ProgramData\Roche\Exor4\Data
Advanced Software Functionalities
27
Why backup, cleanup and compact the database at regular intervals?
1
Right click the corresponding Exor4 icon in the task bar, and shutdown Exor4.
2
Open Windows Explorer. Browse to the “database file”, and copy this file to your backup folder. It is highly
recommended to backup the database to the second hard drive, which is installed in the control unit by
default.
D
To better identify the backup file, adding a time stamp is highly recommended.
3
Before restarting LightCycler® 480 Software, restart Exor4 manually by double clicking its icon on the
desktop.
■
Database Cleanup (for research database only)
Database cleanup together with the Database CompactIB Tool can reduce database size of research database.
Performing Cleanup using the LightCycler® 480 Application Software in the Tools menu, exports ixo-files from
the database to a backup folder.
1
Login to the LightCycler® 480 Software using Admin rights.
2
Open the Tools/Clean-up Database window in the LightCycler® 480 Software.
3
Select the folder to be exported/cleaned up.
4
Assign the target directory in the Select target directory tab. The second hard drive D is highly recommended
for this backup.
ccc
28
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Why backup, cleanup and compact the database at regular intervals?
5
Select the checkbox, Delete objects after successful export.
D
When running LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.0 with OS Windows XP, make sure not to
inadvertently select the checkbox Delete empty folders; this could result in a corrupt database.
6
In LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.1 this selection does not cause any database failure.
Start the export / cleanup function.
■
Caution: When running LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.0 with OS Windows XP, do not use the
Database cleanup function for traceable databases!
I mportant Note: In LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.0, the Delete objects after successful export option
in the Cleanup Database tool, can be used for both the research and traceable databases.
his means that the 21 CFR part 11 compliance is lost when using the Database Cleanup function with
T
traceable databases. For this reason, use the Database Cleanup function only for research databases when
running LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.0.
I n LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.1 the option “Delete objects after successful export” is no longer
available when running Traceable Databases.
Advanced Software Functionalities
29
Why backup, cleanup and compact the database at regular intervals?
Number of Databases and Number of Exor4 on the Control Unit
There is no limit to the number of databases and corresponding Exor4 installed on the LightCycler® 480 Control
Unit. Please note that only a maximum of 10 Exor4 can be run at the same time.
It is however best not to run more than 2 Exor4 at the same time. If you do not want an additional Exor4 to
start up automatically during startup of the LightCycler® 480 Control Unit, remove the corresponding shortcut
manually from the startup folder.
14.4.3
D
30
Database CompactIB Tool
After deleting files in the LightCycler® 480 Software or exporting files from the database with option Delete
after successful export, these files are deleted from the database, but their allocated space within the database
is not reduced. This is why the Database CompactIB Tool does remove this extra space to reduce database size.
Always backup the database before running the Database CompactIB Tool!
Make sure the database file you want to compact has full control selected in security settings.
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Database CompactIB Tool
1
Close the LightCycler® 480 Software, and the corresponding Exor4. Start the CompactIB.exe file in the
C:\Program Files\Roche\Exor4\Bin directory.
D
2
Start the CompactIB process by clicking Compact.
3
Depending on the size of the database, the process to remove extra space from the database can take minutes. Do not interrupt the process.
4
The following window will appear when the CompactIB process is completed.
5
The above information window means that the database has been reduced in size. You can start the Exor4
and LightCycler® 480 Software in the usual manner.
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
31
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
page 331–343
16Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480
Software
Additional chapter for updating LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1
Updating LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1
D
Before starting the LightCycler® Software installation:
1.Backup all files out of the database via “Batch Export” function to the second harddrive D:\ as described
in chapter 14.4.
2. Backup your current database to the second hard drive D:\.
3.It is strongly recommended to install a new empty database during the installation process of the software
1.5.1. Please follow the instruction below if you need to access the old software 1.5.0 database for backup
reasons in software 1.5.1.
When using files created in software version 1.5.0 backup database with software 1.5.1, it is necessary to
recreate all subsets and existing analyses in software version 1.5.1.
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1 on Operating System Windows XP
1
Login to Windows as admin.
2
Close the LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.0.
3
Shutdown the Exor4 by right click on the icon in the task bar, select “Shutdown”.
■
32
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Uninstall LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.0
1
Browse to the Windows Control Panel “Add or Remove Programs”.
2
First uninstall any present LightCycler® 480 Software Service Packs. They are included in the new
LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1.
3
Select the LightCycler® 480 Software, click “Remove” to start the uninstall process.
4
Confirm upcoming messages.
D
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
33
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
After uninstall process is finished, reboot the control unit and log into Windows as admin
The uninstall process will not delete the current database from its original location.
Install LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1
1
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.1 installation disc; the installation process will start automatically, click “Next” and confirm any upcoming message.
D
ccc
34
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
D
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
35
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
D
ccc
36
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
2
Select “Create New Research Database” or “Create New Traceable Database” depending on customer
needs.
Any additional displayed database (as in this example XDMS_R) shows your old software 1.5.0 database,
which is still present in C:\ProgramFiles\Roche\Exor4\Data.
D
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
37
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
The port number for the new database is given automatically by the software, do not change it. Note the
port number in this example is 20482; you need this number later on to create the login.
D
If you install a new database with the same name as your current database, the software will
automatically backup your current database with the original database file name adding the date of
backup.
In the example below the current database is named XDMS_R.
After backup on 2-9-2012 it is renamed as XDMS_R.IB.D-M-YYYY.BACKUP.
ccc
38
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
3
After install process is finished, reboot the control unit.
■
D
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software, Version 1.5.1
1
Start LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1.
2
Create login for the new database; click on options “+”, and enter the requested information for “Name”, and
“Location”. In this example “XDMS_R”, and “localhost: 20482” (port number).
3
Login with default user name “admin” and default password “LightCycler480”, check for the correct software
version 1.5.1.
■
Connecting an Instrument
Create default instrument as described in the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software
Version 1.5, Chapter 16.2 step 6 to step 11 .
Advanced Software Functionalities
39
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
How to access the old software 1.5.0 database in software 1.5.1
1
Login to Windows as admin.
2
Close the LightCycler® 480 Software.
3
Shutdown the Exor4 by right click on the icon in the task bar, select “Shutdown”.
4
Browse to the backup of the old 1.5.0 version database file. In this example it was automatically saved by the
software during the installation process as:
C:/Program Files/Roche/Exor4/Data/XDMS_R.IB.2-9-2012.BACKUP.
D
5
Rename the backup file to FILENAME.IB.
It might be necessary to change security settings “authenticated users” to “full control” to be able rename it.
The database installation process later on will only recognize files with ending .IB which are located in
directory C:/Program Files/Roche/Exor4/Data.
If you backed up your old 1.5.0 database file manually to any other directory, please copy it manually to
C:/Program Files/Roche/Exor4/Data. It might be necessary to set properties/security for the file to
“full control” to be able to copy it.
ccc
40
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
6
7
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1 installation disc into the CD drive of your control unit. Select only
“Install a database file” for installation, and click “Next”.
D
Select backup database, in this case XDMS_R.IB.2-9-2012
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
41
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
8
Accept and make a note of the suggested port number, in this example it is 20483. You will need this
information later on to create the login for this database.
D
ccc
42
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
9
Start the Exor4 for the backup database manually by double click on the corresponding icon.
10
Check the Exor4 for the backup database is running by double click on the corresponding icon in the task bar.
D
®
11 Start LightCycler 480 Software 1.5.1
12 To create login for the old database, click on options “+”, enter the requested information for “Name” and for
“Location”, in this example “XDMS_R.IB2-9-2012”, and “localhost: 20483”.
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
43
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
13 Login with known User name and Password from your old 1.5.0 database; this information did not change.
D
44
Use the old 1.5.0 database only to access/export necessary files! When using files created in software
version 1.5.0, it is necessary to recreate all subsets and existing analyses in software version 1.5.1.
■
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1 on Operating System Windows 7
Install LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.5.1
1
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software Version 1.5.1 installation disc; the installation process will start
automatically, click “Next” and confirm any upcoming message.
D
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
45
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
D
ccc
46
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
2
Select “Create New Research Database” or “Create New Traceable Database” depending on user needs.
Any additional displayed database (as in this example XDMS_R) shows your old software 1.5.0 database,
which is still present in C:\ProgramFiles\Roche\Exor4\Data.
D
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
47
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
D
3
After install process is finished, reboot the control unit.
■
48
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software, Version 1.5.1
Login with default User name “admin” and default Password “LightCycler480”, and check for the correct
software version 1.5.1.
Connecting an Instrument
Create default instrument as described in the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software
Version 1.5, Chapter 16.2 step 6 to step 11 .
How to access the old software 1.5.0 database in software 1.5.1
1
Login to Windows as admin.
2
Close the LightCycler® 480 Software.
3
Shutdown the Exor4 by right click on the icon in the task bar, select “Shutdown”.
D
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
49
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
4
Browse to the folder C:/ProgramData/Roche/Exor4/Data copy the backup database to this folder, and
rename it with the extension *.IB, in this case XDMS_R_BACKUP.IB.
5
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1 installation disc into the CD drive of your control unit.
Select only “Install a database file” for installation, and click “Next”.
D
ccc
50
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
6
Select backup database, in this case XDMS_R_BACKUP.IB.
7
Accept the suggested port number.
8
Reboot the control unit, and start the LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1.
D
ccc
Advanced Software Functionalities
51
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
D
9
To make your database available in the login dropdown menu “options” of LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5.1,
click “+” and enter the required information for “Name” and “Location” For details, see LightCycler® 480
Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5, Chapter 16.4.
10
Now select backup database, and log in with your known user information.
The user account information does not change with the software upgrade.
When using files created in software version 1.5.0, it is necessary to recreate all subsets and existing
analyses in software version 1.5.1.
■
52
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
page 346
16.6 Setting up a Client/Server Network
Network and LIMS Support – this update chapter is substituting 16.6.
Network and LIMS Support
The LightCycler® 480 System network and LIMS support capabilities consist of two features that allow
instrument connection to the laboratory network and its integration within the automated data and sample
workflow.
The network support feature enables sample data sharing between the Control Unit and other PCs. The user
can use the LightCycler® 480 Software through the network, using network support to save sample data on a
remote server. This makes the data available to users working from remote PCs.
LIMS support integrates the LightCycler® 480 System in the laboratory sample and data workflow and facilitates
the remote control of the instrument. The user saves time by remotely monitoring instrument status and starting
a run with the appropriate experiment parameters as soon as a multiwell plate is loaded, or also coordinate the
LightCycler® 480 System tasks with those of a robot in order to process several multiwell plates automatically.
D
Network Support
A typical example of LightCycler® 480 System network topography is one or more LightCycler® 480 Instruments
connected to a remote database server. Data are stored on the Server, and one or more PCs have access to this
database server (see diagram below).
This configuration allows all the data to be located centrally on the database server, making data sharing and
access easier. The user provides the following elements:
c LightCycler® 480 Instruments
c Control Unit with the LightCycler® 480 Software
c Database Server with database
c Customer PC with LightCycler® 480 Software
Advanced Software Functionalities
53
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
LIMS Support
LIMS support is provided by an additional software application, the LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module
(LIMS software). This module replaces the standard LightCycler® 480 Software application. The LIMS software
also provides software developers with the tools to remotely connect and take control of the instrument. This
makes it possible to send commands that open the door, close the door, start experiments, and save data.
Software developers can easily program an application for directing the LightCycler® 480 Instrument and a
robot to process several multiwell plates in a row. A typical example of such a configuration has one or more
LightCycler® 480 Instruments, one multiwell plate robot handler, one database server, one scheduler, and one
or several PCs (see diagram below).
D
The user IT or third party company should develop the appropriate scheduler software that is loaded on the
scheduler PC to automatically execute repetitive tasks, saving considerable amounts of time.
In this configuration, scheduler software sends remote commands to open the door of the LightCycler®
480 Instrument, to load the multiwell plate from the robot hotel, to close the door of the LightCycler® 480
Instrument, to start predefined experiments and to save the experiment data on a remote database server.
To do this, the user will require the following:
c LightCycler® 480 Instruments
cControl Unit with LightCycler® 480 Software and the LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module (LIMS
Server software)
cDatabase Server with database
cRobot for the automatic loading and unloading of the multiwell plate
c S cheduler: LIMS Customer PC with the LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module (LIMS Client software)
and LIMS Application software
cCustomer PC with LightCycler® 480 Software
54
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
Chapter E Maintenance
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5.
3
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
page 354
Sufficient intensity of the Xenon excitation lamp is a requirement for optimal detection of fluorescent signals
during real-time PCR and melting curve analysis. Therefore, the LightCycler® 480 Instrument automatically
and continually measures the intensity of the Xenon lamp. When lamp intensity falls below the minimum
intensity of 2000 units or 4500 units, depending on the Detection Unit type, or reaches 1000 working hours,
you are automatically prompted by the LightCycler® 480 Software that the Xenon lamp must be exchanged.
The Xenon lamp is available as an exchange spare part from Roche. Please contact your local Roche representative
for details.
Use only the exchange Xenon lamp available direcly from Roche (Cat. No. 04 686 136 001).
Never exchange the Xenon lamp without first turning off the instrument and disconnecting the power cable.
Non-compliance can result in electric shock.
Before exchanging the Xenon lamp, make sure you have waited an appropiate period of time (approximately
20 minutes) after you shut down the LightCycler® 480 Instrument to allow the lamp to cool. Directly after
completion of a run, the lamp is hot enough to cause an immediate burn.
E
In its cold state the lamp has a high internal pressure (as much as 20 bar). During operation the internal
pressure is around three times higher than in the cold state. The lamp is extremly unlikely to explode but the
possibility cannot be entirely ruled out. Therefore, when handling the Xenon lamp always use the protective
jacket or the supplied cap. When installing the lamp, remove the protective jacket or cap and always take the
following precautions: Wear goggles and gloves and protect your neck (e.g., with a thick scarf). Take the same
precautions when removing the lamp.
Do not allow finger marks, grease, paint or the like to be deposited on the bulb.
The Xenon lamp does not contain any materials which are harmful to the enviroment so they are not subject
to special waste disposal regulations. Prior to disposal, the old lamp should be stored in their protective jacket
or cap where it cannot be easily accessed. Where possible, the lamp should be disposed off by a specialist waste
management company. If this is not possible, put on protective clothing, wrap the lamp completely in leather or
thick cloth, smash the lamp, including the discharge tube, with a suitable implement and dispose off the pieces.
page 357
A
fter the Xenon lamp has been exchanged, make sure to reset the lamp counter in the LightCycler® 480
Instrument window of the Tools menu of the LightCycler® 480 Software. For details, see the chapter on
Administrative Tools.
8
LightCycler® 480 Software automatically reads and saves the lamp intensity as the starting intensity value.
During operation you will be prompted to exchange the lamp when the minimum intensity of 2000 units
or 4500 units, depending on the Detection Unit type, is reached or 1000 working hours are reached.
5
A re-calibration of the instrument is not required after the Xenon lamp has been exchanged.
Exchanging Fuses
page 362
Xenon lamp fuse
Maintenance
Current Version
Update
2 × T1.6A / 250V
2 × T2.5AH /250V
55
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
Chapter F Appendix
Please read the following update information for LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual,
Software Version 1.5.
1
Troubleshooting
page 372
1.4
Remote Service
The Windows 7 Operating System provides a remote service application for your Roche representative which
can be used for screen sharing and file transfer.
The remote service application is preinstalled on the LightCycler® 480 Control Unit. The application is only
active, after it has been manually started.
The application only provides a secure connection to Roche. It does not connect to non-Roche systems. All
communications are authenticated and encrypted
F
56
To start the remote service:
Do not use this software until it is requested by Roche representative.
1
Double-click the remote service icon.
Addendum to LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator´s Manual, Software Version 1.5
Troubleshooting
2
Ordering Information
page 373
Disposables
Current Version
LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil Applicator
04 706 170 001
Update
LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil Applicator
no longer a disposable
Contact your local
Roche Field
Service Engineer for
ordering (spare part
no. 04 900 383 001)
page 374
PCR Reagents
Current Version
LightCycler® 480 PCR Master SYBR Green
1 kit (5 × 100 reactions, 20 μl each)
04 707 516 001
1 kit (10 × 500 reactions, 20 μl each)
04 887 352 001
1 kit (5 × 100 reactions, 20 μl each)
04 707 516 001
1 kit (10 × 500 reactions, 20 μl each)
04 887 352 001
1 ml
04 909 640 001
1 ml
04 909 640 001
1 kit (3 instrument runs)
04 710 924 001
1 kit (3 instrument runs)
04 710 924 001
Update
LightCycler® 480 SYBR Green I Master
F
Labeling Reagents
Current Version
LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting
Dye
Update
LightCycler® 480 ResoLight Dye
Current Version
LightCycler® 480 Demo Kit
Update
LightCycler® 480 Control Kit
Appendix
57
Published by
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Sandhofer Straße 116
68305 Mannheim
Germany
© 2012 Roche Diagnostics.
All rights reserved.
06652735001  0212
For life science research only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
LIGHTCYCLER, LC, HYBPROBE, SIMPLEPROBE, FASTSTART, MAGNA PURE, MAGNA LYSER, REALTIME READY,
HIGH PURE, RESOLIGHT, and COBAS are trademarks of Roche.
Exiqon, ProbeLibrary and LNA are registered trademarks of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek, Denmark.
SYBR is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR, USA.
All other product names and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
C
M
LightCycler ® 480 Instrument
Operator’s Manual
Software Version 1.5
www.roche-applied-science.com
Y
CM
MY
CY CMY
K
Table of Contents
Prologue
I
Revision History.........................................................................................................................9
II
Contact Addresses....................................................................................................................9
III
Declaration of Conformity..................................................................................................... 10
IV
21 CFR Part 11 Compliance................................................................................................. 10
V
Warranty.................................................................................................................................... 10
VI
Trademarks............................................................................................................................... 10
VII
Intended Use............................................................................................................................ 11
VIII
License Statements for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument............................................. 11
IX
Software License Agreement............................................................................................... 12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
9
Program License Agreement.......................................................................................................................... 12
Grant of Software License............................................................................................................................... 12
Limited Warranty................................................................................................................................................. 13
Disclaimer of Warranties ................................................................................................................................ 13
Limitations of Remedies................................................................................................................................... 14
General Information........................................................................................................................................... 14
Intellectual Property Rights............................................................................................................................. 14
Duration and Termination................................................................................................................................ 15
Import, Export and Use of the Software..................................................................................................... 15
Miscellaneous...................................................................................................................................................... 15
Governing Law and Place of Jurisdiction.................................................................................................. 15
X
Preamble................................................................................................................................... 16
XI
Usage of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual.................................... 16
XII
Conventions Used in this Manual....................................................................................... 17
XIII
Warnings and Precautions.................................................................................................... 19
XIV
Disposal of the Instrument................................................................................................... 22
A
Overview
1
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................ 25
2
New Features..................................................................................................................................................... 26
2.1
2.2
2.3
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
4
4.1
4.2
Prologue
25
Hardware............................................................................................................................................................... 26
Software................................................................................................................................................................. 26
Upgrade from Software Version 1.2 to 1.5................................................................................................ 28
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument..................................................................... 29
General................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Environmental Parameters.............................................................................................................................. 29
Interfaces...............................................................................................................................................................30
Xenon Lamp..........................................................................................................................................................30
Sample Capacity.................................................................................................................................................30
Shipping.................................................................................................................................................................30
Control Unit...........................................................................................................................................................31
Specifications of the Detection Unit.................................................................................................... 32
Excitation................................................................................................................................................................ 32
Detector.................................................................................................................................................................. 32
3
Table of Contents
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
5
5.1
5.2
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers...................................................................................34
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum.......................................34
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver.................................................34
6
Specifications of the Multiwell Plate Bar-Code Scanner......................................................... 35
7
Specifications of the Handheld Bar-Code Scanner....................................................................36
B
System Description
1
System Package..............................................................................................................................................39
2
Installation..........................................................................................................................................................40
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.3
3.8.4
3.8.5
39
Installation Requirements................................................................................................................................40
Space and Power Requirements...................................................................................................................40
Environmental Requirements......................................................................................................................... 42
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument .................................................................................... 43
System Description........................................................................................................................................ 47
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument..................................................................................... 47
Description of the Block Cycler Unit...........................................................................................................51
Description of the Detection Unit.................................................................................................................54
Description of the Detection Channels......................................................................................................56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I Filter Set.....................................................................................................56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II Filter Set................................................................................................... 57
LightCycler® 480 Disposables.......................................................................................................................58
LightCycler® 480 Reagents.............................................................................................................................60
Additional Equipment Required....................................................................................................................62
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................63
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................63
Monitoring PCR with the SYBR Green I Dye........................................................................................... 65
Monitoring PCR with Hydrolysis Probes.................................................................................................... 67
Monitoring PCR with HybProbe Probes.....................................................................................................69
Genotyping with SimpleProbe Probes........................................................................................................71
C
Operation
1
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................ 75
2
System Start-Up.............................................................................................................................................. 76
3
Preparing and Starting a LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run................................................... 77
4
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler..........................................................80
D
LightCycler® 480 Software
85
Basic Software Functionalities
90
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software.............................................................................................90
1.1
1.2
1.3
4
Filter......................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I...................................................................................... 32
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II..................................................................................... 33
75
General LightCycler® 480 Software User Interface Conventions.....................................................91
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software..................................................................................................... 92
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window..........................................................94
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Table of Contents
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
1.4.4
1.5
1.5.1
1.5.2
1.5.3
1.5.4
2
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
3
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.3
Selection and Navigation Features............................................................................................................100
The Navigator.....................................................................................................................................................100
The Query Tab....................................................................................................................................................104
Sample Selector................................................................................................................................................108
Sample Table......................................................................................................................................................111
Exporting and Importing................................................................................................................................113
Exporting Individual LightCycler® 480 Software Objects and Experiment Raw Data.............115
Exporting Multiple Files Simultaneously..................................................................................................116
Importing Individual Files..............................................................................................................................119
Importing Multiple Files Simultaneously.................................................................................................120
Programming and Running an Experiment.....................................................................................123
Programming an Experiment........................................................................................................................123
Setting Detection Formats.............................................................................................................................126
Defining Programs and Temperature Targets........................................................................................128
Customizing the Online Data Display.......................................................................................................131
Running an Experiment..................................................................................................................................133
Entering Sample Information........................................................................................................................135
Sample Editor Window....................................................................................................................................135
Sample Editor Action Bar...............................................................................................................................137
Configuring Sample Editor Properties......................................................................................................138
Entering Sample Information........................................................................................................................139
Overview of Experimental Analysis.....................................................................................................147
Overview of Analysis Steps...........................................................................................................................148
Using the Analysis Window..........................................................................................................................150
Selecting Filter Combination and Color Compensation.....................................................................151
Working with Samples in the Analysis.....................................................................................................152
Working with Charts in the Analysis Window........................................................................................153
Adding Analysis Notes...................................................................................................................................154
Removing or Renaming an Analysis..........................................................................................................154
Exporting Analysis Results............................................................................................................................156
Software Applications
4
Quantification..................................................................................................................................................160
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.3.6
4.3.7
4.3.8
4.3.9
4.3.10
Prologue
160
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................160
Absolute Quantification Analysis................................................................................................................161
Understanding Sample Crossing Points..................................................................................................162
Understanding the Role of Standard Curves.........................................................................................162
Providing the Standard Curve......................................................................................................................164
Performing Absolute Quantification Analyses Using the Second Derivative Maximum
Method.................................................................................................................................................................167
Performing Absolute Quantification Analysis Using the Fit Points Method...............................170
Viewing Results.................................................................................................................................................176
Relative Quantification Analysis..................................................................................................................179
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................179
Mono-Color or Dual-Color Experiment....................................................................................................182
Principle of Relative Quantification Analysis..........................................................................................183
Performing a Basic Relative Quantification Experiment....................................................................185
Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment........................................................187
Performing a Relative Quantification Analysis......................................................................................193
Viewing the Results.........................................................................................................................................198
Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets.............................................................................................199
External Standard Curves..............................................................................................................................202
Supplementary Information..........................................................................................................................203
5
Table of Contents
5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products and Genotypes....................................206
Defining a Melt Program...............................................................................................................................206
Content of a Melting Temperature Analysis...........................................................................................207
Performing Tm Calling Analysis...................................................................................................................208
Genotyping........................................................................................................................................................216
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................216
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis.....................................................................................................................217
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................217
Principle of Endpoint Genotyping...............................................................................................................219
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Experiment.................................................................................219
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Analysis.......................................................................................225
Supplementary Functions..............................................................................................................................231
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis..........................................................................................................232
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................232
Principle of Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis..................................................................................234
Performing a Melting Curve Genotyping Experiment.........................................................................235
Supplementary Functions..............................................................................................................................245
Advanced Software Functionalities
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
248
Color Compensation Analysis................................................................................................................248
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.....................................................................................250
To Apply Color Compensation.....................................................................................................................256
Working with Templates and Macros................................................................................................257
Creating and Using Templates.....................................................................................................................257
Creating and Using Macros..........................................................................................................................262
9
Working with Subsets.................................................................................................................................266
10
Working with Charts....................................................................................................................................270
10.1
10.2
Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts..................................................................................................270
Zooming and Panning to View Chart Details.........................................................................................274
11
Working with Tables.....................................................................................................................................276
12
Generating Reports......................................................................................................................................278
13
13.1
13.1.1
13.1.2
13.1.3
13.1.4
13.1.5
13.1.6
13.2
13.3
6
Tm Calling Analysis.......................................................................................................................................206
Working with Preferences........................................................................................................................282
Using Chart Preferences................................................................................................................................282
Specifying Chart Heading and Label Styles...........................................................................................284
Specifying the Content of Fluorescence Charts...................................................................................284
Specifying the Appearance of Standard Curve Charts......................................................................286
Specifying the Content and Appearance of the Temperature Chart.............................................287
Overriding Default Chart Preferences.......................................................................................................287
Creating a Separate Chart Preferences Item and Making it the Default....................................290
Using Sample Preferences............................................................................................................................291
Specifying User Preferences........................................................................................................................293
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Table of Contents
14
14.1
14.1.1
14.1.2
14.1.3
14.1.4
14.1.5
14.1.6
14.1.7
14.1.8
14.1.9
14.1.10
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.4.1
14.4.2
14.4.3
14.4.4
14.4.5
14.5
14.6
14.7
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
16.6
16.7
Administrative Tools....................................................................................................................................294
Managing User Access..................................................................................................................................295
Understanding User Accounts....................................................................................................................295
Understanding Groups...................................................................................................................................296
Understanding Roles.......................................................................................................................................296
Privileges of the Standard User Role.........................................................................................................297
Privileges of the Expert User Role..............................................................................................................298
Privileges of the Local Administrator Role..............................................................................................299
User Access to Objects..................................................................................................................................300
Managing Users, Groups, and Roles.........................................................................................................306
Working with Roles..........................................................................................................................................309
Changing Your Password...............................................................................................................................311
Report Settings..................................................................................................................................................312
Error Log...............................................................................................................................................................313
Database Information.....................................................................................................................................314
Traceable and Research Databases..........................................................................................................314
To Clean up the Database.............................................................................................................................315
To Compress the Database...........................................................................................................................317
How to Handle Databases from Software Version 1.3 or Earlier....................................................317
How to Handle Objects from Software Version 1.3 or Earlier..........................................................318
Instruments.........................................................................................................................................................319
Detection Formats............................................................................................................................................323
Setting the Plate Type......................................................................................................................................327
Diagnostic Tools.............................................................................................................................................328
Instrument Problem Report...........................................................................................................................328
Error Log...............................................................................................................................................................329
Self Test................................................................................................................................................................329
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software...............................................330
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software.........................................................................................................331
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting an Instrument.....................................336
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional Databases...............................................339
Logging on to Different Databases............................................................................................................343
Replacing an Existing Database File with a Database File of the Same Name........................345
Setting up a Client/Server Network...........................................................................................................346
Removing LightCycler® 480 Software.......................................................................................................350
E
Maintenance
1
General Maintenance.................................................................................................................................353
2
Cleaning Instructions..................................................................................................................................353
2.1
2.2
353
General Cleaning..............................................................................................................................................353
Preventive Maintenance.................................................................................................................................353
3
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp..................................................................................................................354
4
Exchanging the Ventilation Dust Filters...........................................................................................358
5
Exchanging Fuses.........................................................................................................................................360
F
Appendix
1
Troubleshooting.............................................................................................................................................367
1.1
1.2
1.3
367
Messages in the Message Area of the LightCycler® 480 Software..............................................368
Instrument Control Software Messages..................................................................................................369
Hardware Errors................................................................................................................................................371
2
Ordering Information...................................................................................................................................373
3
Index.....................................................................................................................................................................375
Prologue
7
8
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Revision History
Prologue
I
Revision History
Version
Revision Date
1.0
September 2005
2.0
June 2006
3.0
February 2008
© Copyright 2008, Roche Diagnostics GmbH. All rights reserved.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. No part of this document
may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
for any purpose, without the express written permission of Roche Diagnostics GmbH.
Questions or comments regarding the contents of this manual can be directed to the
address below or to your Roche representative.
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Roche Applied Science
Customer Support
Nonnenwald 2
82372 Penzberg, Germany
Every effort has been made to ensure that all the information contained in the
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual is correct at the time of printing.
However, Roche Diagnostics GmbH reserves the right to make any changes necessary
without notice as part of ongoing product development.
II
Prologue
Contact Addresses
Manufacturer
Roche Diagnostics Ltd.
Forrenstrasse
CH-6343 Rotkreuz
Switzerland
Distribution
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Sandhofer Straße 116
D-68305 Mannheim
Germany
Distribution in USA
Roche Diagnostics
9115 Hague Road
PO Box 50457
Indianapolis, IN 46250
USA
9
Declaration of Conformity
III
Declaration of Conformity
The instrument meets the requirements laid down in Council Directive
89/336/EEC relating to “Electromagnetic Compatibility” and Council
Directive 73/23/EEC relating to “Low Voltage Equipment”.
The following standards were applied: IEC/EN 61326 (EMC) and
IEC/EN 61010-1 (Safety).
UL 61010-1 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory
Use; Part 1: General Requirements
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 61010-1 (Second Edition) Safety Requirements for
Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use;
Part 1: General Requirements
IV
21 CFR Part 11 Compliance
LightCycler® 480 Software is designed to provide compatibility#) with FDA’s 21 CFR Part
11 requirements. The software is compatible with the regulations for electronic records
(Subpart B). Since LightCycler® 480 Software does not feature electronic signatures the
regulations for electronic signatures (Subpart C) are not applicable.
#)
Full part 11 compliance of the LightCycler® 480 Software is to be established
at the user’s site and depends on appropriate configuration and setup, and the
implementation of suitable organizational measures.
V
Warranty
Information on warranty conditions are specified in the sales contract. Contact your
Roche representative for further information.
Any unauthorized modification of the instrument entails the invalidity of the guarantee
and service contract.
VI
Trademarks
LIGHTCYCLER, LC, HYBPROBE, SIMPLEPROBE and COBAS are trademarks of
Roche.
PROBELIBRARY is a registered trademark of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek, Denmark. Universal
ProbeLibrary is covered by US and other patent applications owned by Exiqon A/S.
SYBR is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR, USA.
FAM and HEX are trademarks of Applera Corp., Norwark, CT, USA.
Other brands or product names are trademarks of their respective holders.
10
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Intended Use
VII
Intended Use
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is intended for performing rapid, accurate polymerase
chain reaction (PCR) in combination with real-time, online detection enabling Absolute
or Relative Quantification of a target nucleic acid, as well as post-PCR analysis of the amplified nucleic acid by Melting Curve analysis.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is intended for general laboratory use and must be
used exclusively by laboratory professionals trained in laboratory techniques and having
studied the instructions for use of this instrument. The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is
not intended for use in diagnostic procedures.
VIII License Statements for the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument
This LightCycler® 480 Real-Time PCR System is an Authorized Thermal Cycler. Its
purchase price includes the up-front fee component of a license under the non-U.S.
counterparts of U.S. Patents Nos. 4,683,202, 4,683,195 and 4,965,188 owned by F.
Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. (“Roche”), covering the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
process, to practice the PCR process for internal research and development using this
instrument. The running royalty component of that license may be purchased from
Applied Biosystems or obtained by purchasing Authorized Reagents. This instrument
is also an Authorized Thermal Cycler for use with applications licenses available from
Applied Biosystems. Its use with Authorized Reagents also provides a limited PCR license
in accordance with the label rights accompanying such reagents. Purchase of this product
does not itself convey to the purchaser a complete license or right to perform the PCR
process.
This LightCycler® 480 Real-Time PCR System is a real-time thermal cycler licensed for
use in research under U.S. Patent No. 6,814,934 and corresponding claims in its nonU.S. counterparts, and under one or more of U.S. Patents Nos. 5,038,852, 5,656,493,
5,333,675, or corresponding claims in their non-U.S. counterparts, owned by Applera
Corporation. No right is conveyed expressly, by implication or by estoppel under any other patent claim, such as claims to apparatus, reagents, kits, or methods such as 5’ nuclease
methods. This instrument is for research use only. For further information on purchasing
licenses other than for in vitro diagnostics, contact the Director of Licensing at Applied
Biosystems, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, California 94404, USA.
Parts of the Software used for the LightCycler® 480 System are licensed from Idaho
Technology Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
This product is covered in-part by US 5,871,908 or any foreign equivalents, co-exclusively
licensed from Evotec OAI AG. The purchase price includes a license to practice the methods covered by US 5,871, 908 by using the product. Purchase of this product, however,
does not convey to the purchaser a license or right to
(i) commercially make, have made or sell reagents and/or kits, or
(ii) buy or use reagents and/or kits provided by a third party
used in conjunction with the product or any other thermocycler to practice the methods
covered by US 5,871,908 or any foreign equivalents.
Prologue
11
Software License Agreement
IX
Software License Agreement
Read the following terms and conditions of this Software License Agreement (“Agreement”) carefully before installing the LightCycler® 480 Software, hereinafter referred to as
(“Software”). Proceeding with the installation of the Software will constitute acceptance
of the terms and conditions of this Agreement. By accepting the terms and conditions
of this Agreement, the end-user (“Licensee”) assumes all responsibility and liability for
the selection of this Software to achieve the intended results, and for its installation and
subsequent use. If Licensee is not willing to be bound by the terms and conditions of this
Agreement, the Software package must be promptly returned to Roche (“Supplier”) with
a copy of the receipt against refunding of the purchase price for this Software.
1
Program License Agreement
Licensee assumes all responsibility and liability for the selection of this Software to achieve
the intended results, and for its installation and subsequent use. The Software is protected
by copyright.
2
Grant of Software License
Supplier grants to Licensee subject to continuous compliance with all the provisions hereinafter, a non-exclusive, single-use license to use the Software upon the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement.
Licensee may:
a. Use the Software on up to five workstations at a time and such workstations have to
be owned, leased or otherwise controlled by Licensee, whether in a network or other
configuration.
b. Transfer the Software by assigning the rights under this Agreement to another party,
provided that the other party agrees in writing to accept the terms and conditions of
this Agreement. In addition, Licensee must ensure that the copyright notice is maintained on the Software transferred.
Licensee may not:
a. Use the Software, in whole or in part, except as expressly provided in this Agreement.
b. Use the Software on more than five workstations at a time.
c. Copy, sell, or otherwise transfer the Software or assign its rights under this Agreement,
in whole or in part, to another party, except as expressly provided in this Agreement.
d. Rent, distribute, license or sublicense the Software.
e. Create derivative works based on Software.
f. Modify, adapt, translate, reverse engineer, decompile or disassemble the Software.
Supplier reserves all rights not expressly granted herein, including, but not limited to, the
rights to market the Software either directly or through affiliates, distributors and/or third
parties.
For further information, please contact your local Roche Applied Science support organization. You will find the contact information on the following webpage:
www.roche-applied-science.com.
12
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Software License Agreement
3
Limited Warranty
The Software is provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied,
including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for
a particular purpose. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the Software
is with Licensee, should the Software prove to be defective. Licensee assumes the entire
costs of all necessary servicing, repair, or correction. However, Supplier warrants that the
program media on which the Software is furnished is free from defects in materials and
workmanship under normal use for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of delivery
as evidenced by a copy of your receipt. SUPPLIER MAKES NO FURTHER WARRANTIES
OR GUARANTEES NOR EXPLICIT NOR IMPLIED.
4
Disclaimer of Warranties
THE WARRANTY SET FORTH IN THE PREVIOUS PARAGRAPH, IS IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, ARISING BY LAW, FROM A COURSE
OF PERFORMANCE, A COURSE OF DEALING, TRADE USAGE, OR OTHERWISE.
SUPPLIER AND ANY ENTITY CONTROLLING, CONTROLLED BY OR UNDER
COMMON CONTROL WITH SUPPLIER (“SUPPLIER’S AFFILIATE”) SPECIFICALLY
DISCLAIM, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ALL WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, WHETHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND
NON-INFRINGEMENT. SUPPLIER AND SUPPLIER’S AFFILIATES MAKE NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY AS TO THE SOFTWARE OR AS TO THE RESULTS
TO BE ATTAINED BY LICENSEE OR ANY THIRD PARTY FROM THE SOFTWARE.
LICENSEE ACKNOWLEDGES THAT IT HAS NOT RELIED UPON ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES MADE BY SUPPLIER OR A SUPPLIER’S AFFILIATE EXCEPT FOR THOSE EXPRESSLY AND SPECIFICALLY SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT.
Prologue
13
Software License Agreement
5
Limitations of Remedies
Supplier’s sole liability and Licensee’s sole remedy shall be:
a. The replacement of the program media not meeting Supplier’s limited warranty and
which is returned to Supplier with a copy of Licensee’s receipt;
b. If Supplier is unable to deliver replacement of program media which is free of defects
in material and workmanship, Licensee may terminate this Agreement by returning
the Software and a copy of Licensee’s receipt to Supplier, and Licensee’s money will be
refunded.
IN NO EVENT WILL SUPPLIER OR ANY OF SUPPLIER’S AFFILIATES (OR THEIR RESPECTIVE OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES, CONSULTANTS, ATTORNEYS OR AGENTS), BE
LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA OR INFORMATION, LOSS OF USE OF THE SOFTWARE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS
OF BUSINESS REPUTATION OR GOODWILL, OR DOWNTIME COSTS) WHICH
THE LICENSEE OR THIRD PARTIES MAY INCUR OR EXPERIENCE, DIRECTLY OR
INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THE SOFTWARE, THIS AGREEMENT, OR THE TERMINATION OF THIS AGREEMENT, EVEN IF SUPPLIER OR A
SUPPLIER’S AFFILIATE HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES AND NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE. THE
AGGREGATE LIABILITY, ON A COMBINED BASIS, OF SUPPLIER AND SUPPLIER’S
AFFILIATES (AND THEIR RESPECTIVE OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES CONSULTANTS,
ATTORNEYS, AND AGENTS) FOR DAMAGES FOR ANY CAUSE WHATSOEVER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY RELATING TO OR ARISING OUT OF THIS AGREEMENT
OR THE SOFTWARE, AND REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL BE
LIMITED TO, AT SUPPLIER’S OPTION, REPLACEMENT OF THE SOFTWARE OR REFUND OF THE FEES RECEIVED BY SUPPLIER OR A SUPPLIER’S AFFILIATE FROM
LICENSEE WITH RESPECT TO THE SOFTWARE.
6
General Information
Licensee may not sublicense, assign or transfer the license or the Software, in whole or in
part, except as expressly provided in this Agreement. Any attempt otherwise to sublicense,
assign or transfer any of the rights, duties or obligations hereunder is void.
7
Intellectual Property Rights
Licensee shall only hold those rights to the Software that are expressly described in Section 2 of this Agreement. Any other rights with regard to the Software, including without limitation, ownership rights and patent, copyright, trademark, trade secret and other
intellectual property rights, shall remain the sole property of Supplier. Licensee will not
remove from the Software any references to copyrights, trademarks or other ownership
rights, or cover up or alter any such references. Licensee will take all reasonable steps
to prevent any unauthorized use, reproduction, sale, or publication of the Software or
the unauthorized provision of access thereto. Licensee will indemnify and hold harmless
Supplier from any losses, damages, claims and expenses (including, without limitation,
reasonable legal expenses) relating to any infringement of the rights of Supplier caused by
Licensee, Licensee’s breach of this Agreement or Licensee’s use of the Software in a manner
not authorized under this Agreement.
14
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Software License Agreement
8
Duration and Termination
The Agreement is effective until terminated. Licensee may terminate this Agreement at
any time by destroying the Software and documentation relating to the Software in any
form. The Agreement will terminate automatically and without notice from Supplier, if
Licensee fails to comply with any term or condition of this Agreement. Licensee agrees to
destroy the Software upon termination of this Agreement by Supplier. On any termination of this Agreement, all rights of use of the Software held by Licensee shall expire.
9
Import, Export and Use of the Software
Licensee shall be exclusively responsible for ensuring compliance with the relevant legislation relating to its rights to import, export or use the Software.
10
Miscellaneous
Should any part of this Agreement be declared void or unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining terms shall remain in full force and effect.
Failure of Supplier to enforce any of its rights in this Agreement shall not be considered
a waiver of its rights, including but not limited to its rights to respond to subsequent
breaches.
By opening and using this Software Licensee acknowledges that he has read this Agreement, understands it, and agrees to be bound by its terms and conditions. Licensee further agrees that this Agreement is the complete and exclusive statement of the Agreement
between Licensee and Supplier and supersedes any proposal or prior agreement, oral or
written, any other communications between Licensee and Supplier relating to the subject
matter of this Agreement.
The headings of the several Sections of this Agreement are intended for convenience of
reference only and are not intended to be a part of or to affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement.
11
Governing Law and Place of Jurisdiction
This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the
State of Indiana, without giving effect to any choice of law principles thereof. The parties agree that the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of
Goods (1980) is specifically excluded from application to this Agreement.
Prologue
15
Preamble
X
Preamble
Before setting-up operation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, it is important to read
this Operator’s Manual thoroughly and completely. Non-observance of the instructions
contained in this manual could entail safety hazards.
XI
Usage of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Operator’s Manual
This Operator’s Manual assists with operating the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. It
contains the following chapters:
Chapter A Overview contains a short introduction to the operating mode of the
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument and describes the system’s specifications.
Chapter B System Description contains instructions on the installation of the
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument and a description of the system’s components and consumables.
Chapter C Operation describes the operating procedures for the LightCycler® 480
Instrument.
Chapter D LightCycler® 480 Software contains instructions for programming
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument runs and performing data analysis.
Chapter E Maintenance describes the maintenance procedures that are required for the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
Chapter F Appendix contains the Index and Ordering Information.
16
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Conventions Used in this Manual
XII
Conventions Used in this Manual
Text Conventions
To impart information that is consistent and memorable, the following text conventions
are used in this Operator’s Manual:
Numbered Listing
Steps in a procedure that must be performed in the
order listed.
Italic type, blue
Points to a different chapter in this Operator’s Manual
which should be consulted.
Italic type
Describes how to proceed when operating the
LightCycler® 480 Software.
Asterisk (*)
Denotes a product available from Roche Applied Science.
Symbols
In this Operator’s Manual symbols are used as an optical signal to point out important
things.
Symbol
Prologue
Heading
Description
WARNING
This symbol is used to indicate that noncompliance
with instructions or procedures could lead to physical injury or even death or could cause damage to
the instrument. Consult the Operator’s Manual.
HOT SURFACE
This symbol is used to label potentially hot
instrument surfaces.
BIO HAZARD
This symbol is used to indicate that certain
precautions must be taken when working with
potentially infectious material.
IMPORTANT NOTE
Information critical to the success of the procedure
or use of the product.
INFORMATION NOTE
Additional information about the current topic or
procedure.
►►►
Procedure continued on next page.
■
End of procedure.
17
Conventions Used in this Manual
The Following Symbols Appear on the Instrument or Components of the
Control Unit
MANUFACTURER OF
DEVICE
On the instrument type plate.
CE MARK
The CE mark on the instrument type plate
expresses conformity with requirements of the
directives relevant for this instrument.
cUL MARK
On the instrument type plate.
CONSULT THE
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
On the instrument type plate.
HOT SURFACE
1. On the margin of the multiwell plate loader.
2. On the surface of the block cycler cover.
3. On the surface of the block cycler unit.
4. On the Xenon lamp unit.
BIO HAZARD
On the margin of the multiwell plate loader.
WEEE
Electrical and electronic equipment marked with
this symbol are covered by the European
directive WEEE.
The symbol denotes that the equipment must
not be disposed off in the municipal waste
system.
18
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Warnings and Precautions
XIII Warnings and Precautions
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument must only be used by trained and skillful personnel.
It is essential that the following safety information required for installation and
­operation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument are carefully read and observed. Please
­assure that this safety information is accessible for every employee working with the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
Handling Requirements
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is an electromechanical instrument. There
is a potential danger for the user of an electric shock or physical injury if the
instrument is not used according to the instructions given in this manual.
►► Follow all safety instructions printed on or attached to the analytical
instrument.
►► Observe all general safety precautions which apply to electrical
instruments.
►► Do not access any electrical parts while the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
is connected to the mains.
►► Never touch switches or power cord with wet hands.
►► Do not open the housing while the LightCycler® 480 Instrument is
connected to the main power supply.
►► Never clean the instrument without turning the instrument power switch
off and disconnecting the power cord.
►► Users may replace fuses and the Xenon lamp if they follow the procedures
described in in this Operator’s Manual. Any other electrical modification
is not allowed and could render the warranties on the LightCycler® 480
Instrument null and void.
►► Only authorized service personnel are allowed to perform service or repairs
required for this unit.
►► Do not open the block cycler compartment during operation.
►► Always wear safety goggles and gloves when dealing with toxic, caustic or
infectious materials.
►► Although working with highly purified nucleic acids, please regard for your
own safety all biological material as potentially infectious. Handling and
disposal of such material should be performed according to local safety
guidelines. Spills should be immediately disinfected with an appropriate
disinfectant solution to avoid spreading contamination to laboratory
personnel or equipment.
►► Please refer to section Maintenance to find instructions for cleaning the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
►► The multiwell plate holder, the thermal block cycler, the block cycler cover,
and the Xenon lamp are hot while the instrument is operating.
Prologue
19
Warnings and Precautions
General Precautions
The LightCycler® 480 System is equipped with software, enabling the user of
the Product to connect it with a network. Roche draws the attention of the user
to the fact that such connection may have an adverse effect on the Product’s
integrity, e.g., due to an infection of the Product with malicious code (viruses,
Trojan horses, etc.) or access by unauthorized third parties (e.g., intrusion by
attackers). Roche therefore highly recommends to protect the Product against
such risks by taking appropriate and state-of-the-art action.
As the Product is not intended to be used within networks without an appropriate firewall and has not been designed for such use, Roche assumes no
liability in that regard.
Roche offers the user the Cobas IT firewall to be installed prior to the first
connection of the Product to any network. For further information on this
Cobas IT firewall and/or the Roche network security concept please contact
your local Roche representative.
In the event the user connects the Product with any network without using
the Cobas IT Firewall, Roche cannot offer any Product support regarding any
problem resulting from such network connection.
In case of a stand-alone use of the software of the Product on or in connection with other IT components (e.g., installation on other PCs) Roche assumes
no liability with respect to any interference of the user’s networks and/other IT
components such use might have. Roche’s liability for the proper functioning
of the software under the respective license and/or purchase agreements with
the user shall remain unaffected.
Contact your local Roche representative for detailed information on the
Cobas IT firewall.
Microsoft Office and Norton Antivirus software are tested not to interfere
with LightCycler® 480 Software and LightCycler® 480 Software modules.
Any other additional software must not be installed on the LightCycler® 480
Instrument control unit. Installation of any other additional software on the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument control unit presents the risk of interference with
LightCycler® 480 Software and LightCycler® 480 Software modules, and could
affect result security.
Anti-virus software is not provided. Therefore, it is essential to take precautions to ensure that any software loaded onto the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
control unit is virus-free.
It is not allowed to connect two LightCycler® 480 Instruments to one control
unit.
Make sure the main switch is freely accessible.
Incorrect location can cause incorrect results and damage to the equipment
parts. Follow the installation instructions carefully. Moving the instrument must
be performed only by qualified Roche service personnel.
Danger of explosion through sparks. Keep all potentially inflammable or
explosive material (for example, anesthetic gas) away from the instrument.
Spraying liquid on electrical parts can cause a short circuit and result in a fire.
Keep the cover closed while the instrument is connected to the mains and
do not use sprays in the vicinity of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. During
firefighting operations, disconnect the LightCycler® 480 Instrument from the
mains.
Do not manipulate the instrument.
20
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Warnings and Precautions
Electrical Safety
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is designed in accordance with Protection
Class I (IEC). The chassis/housing of the instrument is connected to protection
earth (PE) by means of a cord. For protection against electrical shock hazards,
the instrument must be directly connected to an approved power source such
as a three-wire grounded receptacle for the 230V line. Where an ungrounded
receptacle is encountered, a qualified electrician must replace it with a properly (PE) grounded receptacle in accordance with the local electrical code. An
extension must not be used. Any break in the electrical ground path, whether
inside or outside the instrument, could create a hazardous condition. Under
no circumstances should the user attempt to modify or deliberately defeat the
safety features of this instrument. If the power cord becomes cracked, frayed,
broken, or otherwise damaged, it must be replaced immediately with the
equivalent part from Roche Diagnostics.
Warnings should be consulted as regards interactions and non-recommended functions.
The likely scope for misuse must be considered. It is advisable to draw attention to the
likely consequences.
Prologue
21
Disposal of the Instrument
XIV Disposal of the Instrument
Disposal Recommendations
All electrical and electronic products should be disposed off separately from the
municipal waste system. Proper disposal of your old appliance prevents potential negative
consequences for the environment and human health.
The instrument must be treated as biologically contaminated-hazardous waste.
Decontamination (i.e., a combination of processes, including cleaning,
disinfection and/or sterilization) is required before reuse, recycling or disposal.
Dispose the instrument according to local and/or labor regulations.
For more information contact your local Roche Support personnel.
Components of your Control Unit such as the computer, monitor, keyboard,
etc. which are marked with the crossed-out wheeled bin symbol are covered
by the European Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic
equipment (WEEE) of the European Parliament and the Council of 27 January
2003.
These items must be disposed off via designated collection facilities appointed
by government or local authorities.
For more information about disposal of your old product, please contact your
city office, waste disposal service or your local Roche Support personnel.
Constraint
It is left to the responsible laboratory organization to determine whether control unit
components are contaminated or not. If contaminated, treat in the same way as the
instrument.
22
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview
Chapter A • Overview
Short introduction to the ­operating mode
of the LightCycler® 480 ­Instrument and
description of system specifications
Table of Contents
A
A
Overview
1
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................ 25
2
New Features..................................................................................................................................................... 26
2.1
2.2
2.3
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
5
5.1
5.2
24
25
Hardware............................................................................................................................................................... 26
Software................................................................................................................................................................. 26
Upgrade from Software Version 1.2 to 1.5................................................................................................ 28
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument..................................................................... 29
General................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Environmental Parameters.............................................................................................................................. 29
Interfaces...............................................................................................................................................................30
Xenon Lamp..........................................................................................................................................................30
Sample Capacity.................................................................................................................................................30
Shipping.................................................................................................................................................................30
Control Unit...........................................................................................................................................................31
Specifications of the Detection Unit.................................................................................................... 32
Excitation................................................................................................................................................................ 32
Detector.................................................................................................................................................................. 32
Filter......................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I...................................................................................... 32
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II..................................................................................... 33
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers...................................................................................34
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum.......................................34
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver.................................................34
6
Specifications of the Multiwell Plate Bar-Code Scanner......................................................... 35
7
Specifications of the Handheld Bar-Code Scanner....................................................................36
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Introduction

Overview
1
Introduction
The LightCycler® 480 System enables you to perform real-time, online PCR combined
with rapid cycling of up to 96 or 384 samples (depending on the thermal block cycler
installed).
A
After monitoring fluorescence during nucleic acid amplification, results can be analyzed,
for example, by quantification. The outstanding thermal homogeneity and cycling speed
of the LightCycler® 480 System provide exact results in a short time.
The optical detection system offers the flexibility to detect a broad range of sequence-dependent (e.g., HybProbe probes and hydrolysis probes) and sequence-independent probes
(e.g., SYBR Green I).
The streamlined LightCycler® 480 Software provides excellent tools to generate highquality data. Advanced software tools facilitate intuitive, fast navigation, allowing easy
programming, data capture and analysis. The sophisticated new software offers an unmatched broad range of supported applications combined with a versatile analysis workflow for each application:
►► Acquire Relative Quantification results in one click with the new fast-tracking Basic
Relative Quantification analysis mode. Or benefit from the extended software capabilities represented by the Advanced Relative Quantification analysis mode.
►► Perform Endpoint Genotyping as a fast and easy method for genotyping with
­hydrolysis probes. In addition to the well known Melting Curve Genotyping method a
fast-tracking approach is provided for simple experimental setups to analyze a single
SNP with the Endpoint Genotyping method.
►► With the accessory Software Module Gene Scanning analyze genetic variations (SNPs,
mutations, methylations) with the novel High Resolution Melting method. The
­LightCycler® 480 Software automatically determines differences in the genotype of
each sample by comparing all melting curve profiles.
Use the accessory Multiple Plate Analysis Software to perform statistic analyses with
different analysing modules, e.g., AbsQuant Summary or Haplotyping.
To remote control your instrument with a LIMS System, use the additional LIMS
Module.
For more details on the broad range of Software capabilities and their usage, see ­section
LightCycler® 480 Software.
Based on the latest improvements a new LightCycler® 480 Instrument (LightCycler® 480
Instrument II) is launched employing advanced state-of-the-art instrument parts (e.g.,
novel optical system and thermal block cycler).
Based on the excellent flexibility of the novel LightCycler® 480 Software (Version 1.5) all
new instrument components of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II are compatible with
the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I.
Overview
25
New Features
Hardware
A
2
New Features
2.1
Hardware
New Components
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver
LightCycler® 480 Optical Unit II (improved filter set)
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates 96/384, clear
2.2
Software
The following section provides a list of the new features of LightCycler® 480 Software
Version 1.5.
General Software Features
Function
New Feature
Basic
Improved overall performance
Guided workflows to ease-up daily work
Improved data handling in all modules
Simplified workflow to open existing experiments, create new experiments and to use macros or templates via the Overview screen
Flexible sort functionalities for all tables
Zoom and multi-select functions in all charts
Display of charts from different analyses (of one experiment) in one
dialog (both channels in dual color analyses)
State-of-the-art batch export functionalities to tab-delimited files
Broader range for melting curve analysis (start at 20 °C)
Sample Editor
Flexible Plate View to depict sample information and results, additionally to the well known Table View (also for all analysis modes)
Flexible display of results by different properties
Novel fast-tracking editing tools (e.g., for standard curve setup)
Print function in the multiwell plate image for pipetting purposes
Multi-select and zoom functions in all multiwell plate images
Macro functions
Display of the macro summary information
Check of the barcode reader plate ID and input field plate ID (optional)
before starting the macro run
Import of sample names and notes during a macro run
Abort of macro runs
26
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
New Features
Software
Analysis Modules
Module
New Feature
Endpoint Genotyping
analysis
Fast-tracking approach for simple experimental setups to analyze
a single SNP
Easy to interpret result figures (e.g., scatter plot, amplification
curves)
Relative Quantification
analysis
A
Pairing for multiple reference genes and for multiple targets and
references
Two different replicate statistics: mean or median
Display of more detailed information on the standard curves
Two independent analysis modes for Basic and Advanced Relative
Quantification analysis:
Basic Relative Quantification analyses for results with just one
click based on the ΔΔCT-Method with defined analysis parameters.
Advanced Relative Quantification analyses for highly reliable
results due to the extended range of parameters which can be
integrated and flexibly combined in this module.
Administrative and Diagnostic Tools
Overview
Function
New Feature
Databases
Additional installation of a research (non-traceable) database
Roles
Standard user role
Instrument
Instrument self-test
Error logs
Export of error and operation logs
27
New Features
Upgrade from Software Version 1.2 to 1.5
A
2.3
Upgrade from Software Version 1.2 to 1.5
While software version 1.5 is fully backwards compatible, some of the additional features
are not available in databases created with software version 1.2:
►► Virtual LightCycler® 480 Instruments II
►► New filter combinations and detection formats
►► New Universal Color Compensation objects
►► New demo experiments
►► New run templates (for new applications and for LightCycler® 480 Instrument II)
The following limitations for objects created with LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.2
or version 1.3 should be considered:
►► Auto pairing in Relative Quantification will not generate any pairs (without editing
the sample names in the Sample Editor), but existing pairs are preserved.
►► The size of experiments in a traceable database and therefore the size of the complete
traceable database is enlarged compared to SW 1.3 or earlier. This is due to precalculations performed automatically after a run is finished (to speed up subsequent analysis
calculations) which are saved in the revision history of each experiment. Thus, the
experiment size within a traceable database might exceed 10 MB. Consequently it is
recommended to check the size of a database regularly and to save a copy of the database when being useful. Make sure the size of the database does not exceed 4.5 GB
when saved to a removable DVD.
The following objects created with LightCycler® 480 Software version 1.2, version 1.3 or
earlier versions cannot be used:
►► Macros
►► Sample list templates, analysis templates and report templates
►► Fit Points method standard curve objects
28
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
General
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480
Instrument
3
The specifications given below are identical for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I and the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II.
A
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is equipped with a block cycler unit accommodating
either 96- or 384-well format:
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I, 96-wells
®
LightCycler 480 Instrument I, 384-wells
Cat. No. 04 545 885 001
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, 96-wells
Cat. No. 05 015 278 001
®
LightCycler 480 Instrument II, 384-wells
3.1
Cat. No. 05 015 243 001
General
Dimensions
57.4 × 58.8 × 49.7 cm (W × D × H)
Weight
55 kg
Power supply/consumption
200 — 240 Vac 50/60 Hz 1500 VA
Noise level
< 60 dB (A)
Protection class
I
Installation/overvoltage category
II
Electromagnetic emission
Class B
Heat output During run (mean value):
In Standby:
~4000 Btu/h or 4200 kJ/h
~850 Btu/h or 900 kJ/h
3.2
Overview
Cat. No. 04 640 268 001
Environmental Parameters
Temperatures allowed during transportation/
storage/packaging
-25°C to +60°C
Relative humidity allowed during transportation/
storage/packaging
10% to 95%, no condensation
Temperatures allowed during operation
+15°C to +32°C
Relative humidity allowed during operation
Max. 80% at 32°C, no condensation
Min. 30% at +15°C to +32°C
Altitude/pressure allowed during operation
0 — 2000 m above sea level
80 — 106 kPa
29
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Interfaces
A
3.3
Interfaces
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument provides the following external interfaces:
Interface
Device
IEEE1394
Interface to CCD camera (for service only)
PS/2
External bar-code scanner through keyboard wedge
LAN 10/100 Base T
Connection to control unit for instrument control and data transfer
3.4
Xenon Lamp
You can purchase the Xenon lamp for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument as an accessory:
LightCycler® 480 Xenon Lamp
3.5
Cat. No. 04 686 136 001
Sample Capacity
Number of samples per run
96 or 384
Sample volume
►► 96-well thermal block cycler: 10 — 100 µl
►► 384-well thermal block cycler: 5 — 20 µl
3.6
Smaller reaction volumes down to 3µl
are possible but require an oil overlay.
Shipping
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is shipped in a palletized styrofoam container encircled
by a cardboard box.
The original shipping container must be transferred unopened to the installation site.
On delivery, carefully inspect the containers. Make a note of any indications of physi­
cal damage, and record your observations in the accompanying shipping documents.
It is essential that you report any suspected damage immediately to Roche Diagnostics
and to the shipping agent before accepting the unit.
Use only the original packaging for transportation or relocation of the ­LightCycler®
480 Instrument.
30
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Specifications of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Control Unit
3.7
Control Unit
A fully equipped control unit is delivered by Roche with the LightCycler® 480
­Instrument.
The control unit complies with the requirements of the following European Directives:
►► Low Voltage Equipment 73/23/EEC
A
►► Electromagnetic Compatibility 89/336/EEC
In addition (for customers in the USA) the control unit is certified by Underwriters
Laboratories Inc., USA, with respect to electrical and mechanical safety. Consequently the
control unit is marked with a UL and a CE mark.
By using special software (laboratory information management system, LIMS) it is
possible to access the LightCycler® 480 control unit by remote control and to combine
it, for example, with an automated robotic plate-loading system. To enable this functionality, you must install the optionally available LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface
Module. Contact your Roche representative for more information.
Overview
31
Specifications of the Detection Unit
Excitation
A
4
Specifications of the Detection Unit
4.1
Excitation
Type
Xenon reflector lamp
Luminous intensity
10 µW/mm²
Wattage
100 W
Lifetime
> 500 h
4.2
Detector
Type
Cooled monochrome CCD camera.
Resolution
1024 × 1344 pixel
Integration time
10 ms to 10 s
Integration time selection
Dynamic or manual
Sensitivity
< 0.2 nmol/l fluorescein, typically 0.1 nmol/l
(20 µl reaction volume)
Reproducibility
CV ≤ 0.15%
Crosstalk well-to-well
< 0.2% optically
< 0.02% with software correction
4.3
Filter
For the LightCycler® 480 Instrument two different filter sets exist:
►► Filter set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I
►► Filter set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II
4.3.1
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I
Excitation wavelengths (nm)
Detection wavelengths (nm)
32
Bandpass
Half Band Width (HBW)
450 nm
30 nm
483 nm
35 nm
523 nm
20 nm
558 nm
30 nm
615 nm
30 nm
500 nm
20 nm
533 nm
20 nm
568 nm
20 nm
610 nm
20 nm
640 nm
20 nm
670 nm
20 nm
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Specifications of the Detection Unit
Filter
4.3.2
Filter Set of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II
Excitation wavelengths (nm)
Detection wavelengths (nm)
Overview
Bandpass
Half Band Width (HBW)
440 nm
35 nm
465 nm
25 nm
498 nm
40 nm
533 nm
25 nm
618 nm
35 nm
488 nm
20 nm
510 nm
20 nm
580 nm
20 nm
610 nm
20 nm
640 nm
20 nm
660 nm
95 nm (low pass)
A
33
Specifications of the Thermal Block Cyclers
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum
A
5
Specifications of the Thermal Block
Cyclers
Two different thermal block cycler units are available for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument:
►► LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Aluminum
►► LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-/384-well) Silver
5.1
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit
(96-/384-well) Aluminum
The aluminum thermal block cycler can also be used with the new LightCycler® 480
Instrument II.
Temperature control
Peltier-based heating and cooling
Temperature range
37 — 95°C
20°C starting temperature to perform specific
­Melting Curve analysis if required
Heating rate
96-well block: 4.4°C/s
384-well block: 4.8°C/s
Cooling rate
96-well block: 2.2°C/s
384-well block: 2.5°C/s
5.2
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit
(96-/384-well) Silver
If the new software version 1.5 has been installed, the new silver thermal block cycler can
also be used with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I.
Temperature control
Peltier-based heating and cooling
Temperature range
37 — 95°C
20°C starting temperature to perform specific
­Melting Curve analysis if required
Heating rate
96-well block: 4.4°C/s
384-well block: 4.8°C/s
Cooling rate
96-well block: 2.2°C/s
384-well block: 2.5°C/s
34
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Specifications of the Multiwell Plate Bar-Code Scanner
6
Specifications of the Multiwell Plate
Bar-Code Scanner
The multiwell plate bar-code scanner is an integral part of the block cycler unit. It is
used for automated identification and identifier (ID) tracking of PCR multiwell plates.
During plate loading, the linear bar-code present on the LightCycler® 480 ­Multiwell
Plates is scanned.
Supported bar-code types
A
►► Code 39 (250 — 500 µm; Code with Checkdigit,
min. code length = 2)
►► Code 2 of 5 (250 — 500 µm; Code with Checkdigit, min. code length = 2)
►► Code 128 (250 — 500 µm; min. code length = 2)
Maximum label size
Overview
68.0 × 6.5 mm
35
Specifications of the Handheld Bar-Code Scanner
A
7
Specifications of the Handheld Bar-Code
Scanner
You can purchase a handheld bar-code scanner for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument as an
optional accessory:
LightCycler® 480 Bar-Code Scanner
Cat. No. 04 710 606 001
The handheld bar-code scanner is connected to the control unit via the keyboard.
Use the handheld bar-code scanner to scan information from bar codes into text input
fields of LightCycler® 480 Software.
Note that the type of handheld bar-code scanner is subject to change without notice.
The specifications listed below apply to the type provided at the time of publishing of
this Operator’s Manual.
Interface
Keyboard Wedge of PC AT & PS/2
Supported bar-code types
►► Code 39 (250 — 500 µm; Code with Checkdigit, min. code length = 2)
►► Code 2 of 5 (250 — 500 µm; Code with Checkdigit, min. code length = 2)
►► Code 128 (250 — 500 µm; min. code length = 2)
36
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Chapter B • System Description
Instructions for the ­installation of the
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument and a
­description of system components and
­consumables
Table of Contents
B
38
B
System Description
1
System Package..............................................................................................................................................39
2
Installation..........................................................................................................................................................40
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.3
3.8.4
3.8.5
39
Installation Requirements................................................................................................................................40
Space and Power Requirements...................................................................................................................40
Environmental Requirements......................................................................................................................... 42
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument .................................................................................... 43
System Description........................................................................................................................................ 47
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument..................................................................................... 47
Description of the Block Cycler Unit...........................................................................................................51
Description of the Detection Unit.................................................................................................................54
Description of the Detection Channels......................................................................................................56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I Filter Set.....................................................................................................56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II Filter Set................................................................................................... 57
LightCycler® 480 Disposables.......................................................................................................................58
LightCycler® 480 Reagents.............................................................................................................................60
Additional Equipment Required....................................................................................................................62
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................63
Overview.................................................................................................................................................................63
Monitoring PCR with the SYBR Green I Dye........................................................................................... 65
Monitoring PCR with Hydrolysis Probes.................................................................................................... 67
Monitoring PCR with HybProbe Probes.....................................................................................................69
Genotyping with SimpleProbe Probes........................................................................................................71
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Package

System Description
1
System Package
The table below lists all components delivered with the LightCycler® 480 System package.
Use this list to check the completeness of all components.
After opening, check for damage that occurred in transit. Report any visual damage to
your local Roche Diagnostics representative.
Quantity
1
Component
LightCycler® 480 Instrument, 96-wells
or
LightCycler® 480 Instrument, 384-wells
System Description
1
LightCycler® 480 control unit (incl. monitor)
1
LightCycler® 480 Operator’s Manual
1
LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5 Installation CD-ROM
1
Cable Mains Power (EU)
1
Cable Mains Power (US)
1
LAN Cable (3 m)
1
LightCycler® 480 Xenon Lamp
4
Ventilation Dust Filters
1
Sealing Foil Applicator
1
Protective Cap Lens
1
Protective Cap CCD Camera
1
Protective Cap Light Guide
10
Fuse 5×20 1.6AT 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 3.15AT 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 8AT 250V ULR
10
Fuse 5×20 T 10A H 250V ULR/IEC
10
Fuse 5×20 16AT 250V ULR
B
39
Installation
Installation Requirements
2
Installation
2.1
Installation Requirements
►► Place the LightCycler® 480 Instrument on a level surface in the upright position.
B
►► Do not place the LightCycler® 480 Instrument next to instruments that cause vibration, electromagnetic interference, or have high inductance (e.g., refrigerators, centrifuges, or mixers).
►► Peripheral instruments connected to the LightCycler® 480 Instrument must meet the
IEC 950 (UL 1950) standard.
►► All plugs used with the LightCycler® 480 System (instrument, control unit, monitor)
should have the same phasing to prevent switch-on peaks and electronic noise generated by other instruments or by the power supply itself.
►► Use only the power cables and LAN connector supplied with the system package.
►► Do not place the instrument in direct sunlight or close to radiators or heating
devices.
►► Do not put (heavy) devices on top of the instrument.
2.2
Space and Power Requirements
Place the LightCycler® 480 Instrument on a site that can support the following instrument
requirements:
Dimensions
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is 57.4 cm wide, 58.8 cm long and
49.7 cm high.
Weight
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument has a weight of approximately 55 kg.
Power
►► The LightCycler® 480 Instrument operates at 200 — 240 V
(50/60 Hz).
►► The instrument can be connected to a single-phase or dual-phase
supply only. The mains current consumption capacity must not be
exceeded.
►► There are no special provisions for protective grounding.
Any break in the electrical ground wire, whether inside or outside
the instrument, or disconnection of the electrical ground connection could create a hazardous condition.
Do not under any circumstances attempt to modify or deliberately
override the safety features of this system.
►► The LightCycler® 480 Instrument uses 1500 VA maximum. The
control unit consumes approximately an additional 500 VA.
40
Depending upon the quality of electrical grounding of the local
mains, an uninterruptable power supply (UPS) could be required.
An UPS is not provided with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. We
recommend that you contact a local supplier that can provide a
UPS in accordance with the electrical requirements specifications. If the instrument will be connected to a UPS, the following
requirement should be met: “Online / Direct Mode”.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation
Space and Power Requirements
Ventilation
There are no specific ventilation requirements other than to ensure the
following:
►► The ventilation inlet of the electronic rack (1) is not obstructed.
The ventilation inlet is located in the upper left corner of the back
instrument panel. There should be a horizontal gap of at least 4 cm
between this inlet and any surrounding wall, partition or other
obstacle.
►► The ventilation outlets (2) of the thermal block cycler are not
obstructed. These outlets are located in the lower right corner of
the back instrument panel and the lower left corner of the left
instrument panel. Do not place anything in front of these outlets.
B
Figure 1 Ventilation inlet (1) and outlet (2) at the rear side and left side of the
instrument
►► The ventilation inlet of the thermal block cycler (3) and the
ventilation inlet of the power box (4) are not obstructed. These
inlets are located in the lower right side of the instrument.
Figure 2 Ventilation inlets at the right side of the instrument
System Description
41
Installation
Environmental Requirements
Access
►► A gap of 4 cm is recommended between the back of the instrument
and the wall, to allow access to the power supply fan filter and the
electronic rack.
►► A minimum clearance of 40 cm must be available on the right side
of the instrument to allow access to the block cycler unit and electronic rack fan filter, and to enable safe ejection and loading of the
multiwell plate loader.
B
►► A gap of 20 cm is required on the left side of the instrument to allow
access to the instrument side cover.
►► A gap of 5 cm is required above the instrument cover to allow the
cover to be lifted.
2.3
Environmental Requirements
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument has been designed to safely operate within ­specifications
according to CE and UL certified technical standards at ambient room temperatures between 15°C and 32°C, relative humidity between 30% and 80% (no condensation) and
at an altitude up to 2000 meters above sea level (850 – 1050 hP). Atmospheric conditions
should conform to Pollution Degree II.
Environmental conditions that exceed these specifications could result in instrument
failure or could cause incorrect test results.
Keep the instrument in a dry place. Moisture could cause malfunction.
42
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
2.4
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
The original shipping containers must be transferred unopened to the installation site.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument should be unpacked and installed only by authorized
Roche Diagnostics service personnel. In this case, you need take no further action until
the arrival on site of authorized Roche Diagnostics service personnel. Should this not be
possible, follow these steps to install the instrument successfully:
►► Unpack the instrument:
Carefully inspect the container for damage. Report any damage to your local Roche
Diagnostics office before accepting the unit.
►► Position the instrument on the workbench in the upright position.
To carry the instrument, place your hands under the base of the instrument. For this
purpose, the instrument base plate provides four recessed carrier grips.
B
Figure 3 Diagram showing the location of carrier grips at the instrument base plate.
Allow sufficient space to the left, right and behind the instrument to ensure sufficient
cooling of the electronic components (for details, see section Space and Power Requirements). Ensure that there is absolutely nothing placed below the base or behind the rear
of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument (e.g., paper, plastic film, etc.). For details, see section
Space and Power Requirements.
Failure to provide the proper ventilation space could cause damage to the instrument
due to overheating.
System Description
43
Installation
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
►► Remove the transport locking device:
The transport locking device is a foam part that is inserted into multiwell plate loader to
prevent it from unwanted movement during transport.
Remove the transport locking device during the installation process before the instru­
ment is switched on. Otherwise, the block cycler door will be locked and the multiwell
plate loader will be deadlocked due to motor movement.
B
�
To remove the transport locking device, open the block cycler door and manually pull out the multiwell plate loader. To remove the transport locking device, pull
back the drawer. For opening the block cycler door see section Exchanging the
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler.
�
Do not discard the transport locking device. Keep it in the accessories box.
Pull out the thermal block cycler. Remove the multiwell plate that is placed on the
plate mount. Pull back the thermal block cycler and close the door.
■
44
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
►► Connect the power cable: The LightCycler® 480 Instrument runs with an operating
voltage of 200 to 240 V. Connect the instrument to the mains socket using the cable
supplied. The main voltage input circuits are located at the lower back of the instrument.
B
Figure 4 Location of mains switch and socket at the instrument’s power box.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is delivered with a 2 m long, standard detachable
power supply cord. There are two versions of the power cord, one for North America
and one for Europe.
Do not touch mains cables when your hands are wet. Do not attempt to connect or
disconnect either of the mains cables when the instrument is switched on. If any power
connector becomes worn or frayed, it must be replaced immediately with an approved
cable. Always connect the equipment to a grounded wall outlet.
►► Unpack the components of the LightCycler® 480 control unit (i.e., computer, keyboard, mouse, and monitor).
►► Place the control unit components beside the LightCycler® 480 Instrument and connect the power cables.
We recommend placing the control unit to the left of the LightCycler® 480 ­Instrument
to provide free access to the multiwell plate loader and the block cycler door which are
located in the right instrument panel. Also, power outlets for all control unit components should be easily accessible.
Ensure that the PC and monitor have been set to the correct voltage.
Follow the same precautions regarding handling of power cables as stated above.
System Description
45
Installation
Installation of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
►► Connect the network cable: The LAN (10/100 Base T) interface with the LAN mode
switch is located in the center of the instrument back panel. Plug the network cable
into LAN interface named DATASTATION.
Use the LAN cable provided with the instrument. The LAN cable must not be longer
than 3 m.
B
Figure 5 LAN interface at the rear side of the instrument
Do not plug the network cable into the LAN interface named HUB.
►► Plug the network cable into the upper LAN (10/100 BT) interface on the back of the
PC.
The control unit that comes together with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument has two
LAN interfaces: You must use the upper LAN connector (Instrument LAN) to connect the control unit to the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. This must be a one-to-one
(peer-to-peer) connection. You cannot connect them via a network hub. You can use
the lower LAN connector (Laboratory LAN) to interface the LightCycler® 480 System
to a laboratory network (LIMS) by using the functions of the LightCycler® 480 LIMS
Interface Module. To connect several LightCycler® 480 Instruments to a laboratory
network you need a control unit for each instrument, because (as mentioned above)
the connection between instrument and control unit must always be a direct connection. Installations with a network hub between instrument and con­trol unit are currently not supported.
►► (Optional) Connect the handheld bar-code scanner: Connect bar-code scanner and
keyboard using the Y-interface cable. Connect the lilac-colored keyboard plug with
one of the paired connectors of the Y-cable. Connect the free paired connector of the
Y-cable to the lilac-colored interface at the back of the PC.
►► Connect mouse, monitor and printer (optional) to the back of the computer. The
connectors are shaped to ensure connection only in the proper orientation. For more
information on connecting the printer to the PC, refer to the manual that is delivered
with the printer. The connectors are color-coded for easy matching (mouse=green,
monitor=blue, printer=purple). Ensure that the color of the connector matches the
color of the plug.
A printer is not included in the LightCycler® 480 System package.
46
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3
System Description
3.1
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is a rapid thermal block cycler with integrated real-time,
online detection capabilities. This set-up enables homogeneous PCR to be performed, i.e.,
simultaneous amplification and detection of target nucleic acids. Detection of target nucleic acid is performed by adding either a fluorescent double-stranded-DNA-specific dye
or sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes labeled with fluorophores. Both approaches
allow measuring the generation of PCR products during amplification, the basis of quantitative PCR (qPCR). Post-PCR analysis of previously generated PCR products by Melting
Curve analysis is either used for PCR product characterization or detection of mutations
(i.e., single nucleotide polymorphisms). The possibility to freely combine five excitation
and six emission filters allows analysis of signals from multiple dyes in multiplex PCR
assays. For details on available detection formats, see section Detection Formats for the
LightCycler® 480 System.
B
The main building blocks of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument are the following:
►► Block
cycler unit, including exchangeable thermal block cycler with block cycler cover
(available in two versions: for 96- or 384-multiwell PCR plates), ventilation, multiwell
plate loader, and multiwell plate bar-code scanner
►► Detection unit consisting of the following
►► Lamp unit, housing the Xenon excitation lamp
►► Optics
unit, including the liquid light guide, emission and detection filters wheel,
and the CCD camera
All components are assembled on the instrument chassis and shielded by the instrument
housing.
Figure 6 Diagram showing the main building blocks of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
System Description
47
System Description
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
B
Figure 7 Main building blocks of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument (instrument cover removed)
The front of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument provides two status LEDs which inform the
user of the hardware status. The push button for opening and closing the multiwell plate
loader is located next to the two LEDs. The instrument cover can be lifted and moved to
the right from the front to access the internal instrument components. For instance, the
instrument cover must be lifted to exchange the Xenon lamp. (For details about exchanging the Xenon lamp, see section Maintenance.)
Figure 8 Front view of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
48
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
The right side of the instrument provides the PCR multiwell-plate loading mechanism
as well as access to the thermal block cycler through the block cycler door. The multiwell
plate loader is ejected and retracted by pressing the push button on the front of the instrument. (For more information about loading a multiwell plate, see section ­Preparing
and Starting a LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run.) If you use both available block cycler
versions (i.e., for 96- and 384-well PCR plates), open the block cycler door to exchange
the thermal block cycler and its corresponding heated block cycler cover. (For more details
about exchanging the thermal block cycler, see section Exchanging the ­LightCycler® 480
Thermal Block Cycler.)
B
Figure 9 View of the right side of the instrument
Figure 10 View of an ejected multiwell plate loader
System Description
49
System Description
Description of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
B
Figure 11 Block cycler door opened allowing a view of the inserted thermal block cycler and block
cycler cover
The back of the instrument houses the power box with instrument mains and mains
switch, and the LAN interface required for connecting the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
to the control unit. (For details about instrument mains and LAN connection, see section
Installation.) The ventilation inlet (for the instrument electronic rack; equipped with a
dust filter) and ventilation outlet (for the thermal block cycler and power box) are located
on the back of the instrument.
Figure 12 View of the back of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
The LightCycler® 480 Software is an integral part of the system and controls both the
PCR process (including detection) and the successive data analysis and data output.
(LightCycler® 480 Software is described in detail in section LightCycler® 480 Software.)
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument works in combination with specially designed
PCR reagent kits. Optimal performance of the system is achieved only by using the
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument in combination with the dedicated LightCycler® 480 reagent
kits and LightCycler® 480 disposables.
50
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Description of the Block Cycler Unit
3.2
Description of the Block Cycler Unit
There are four different thermal block cycler units for the LightCycler® 480 I­ nstrument:
►► LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit Silver for 96-multiwell or 384-multiwell
plates.
The new silver thermal block cycler can only be used with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I if the new software version 1.5 has been installed.
►► LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Unit Aluminum for 96-multiwell or 384-multiwell
plates.
The aluminum thermal block cycler can also be used with the LightCycler® 480 II
Instrument.
Both block cycler units consist of the following main components:
►► Thermal block cycler, which includes the multiwell plate mount, Peltier elements,
Therma-Base, cooling elements (heat sink) and electronics interface
B
►► Block cycler cover (heated lid)
►► Multiwell plate loader
►► Multiwell plate detector
►► Multiwell plate bar-code scanner
►► Block cycler door with fans
The thermal block cyclers with accompanying block cycler cover are available in two
versions:
►► For 96-multiwell plates
►► For 384-multiwell plates.
Figure 13 Thermal block cycler of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument (384-multiwell PCR plate version)
System Description
51
System Description
Description of the Block Cycler Unit
Each version of the thermal block cycler has a matching block cycler cover. The lid has
96 or 384 pinholes (depending on the version) allowing fluorescence detection by the
detection unit through the closed lid. During cycling the block cycler cover is pressed onto
the PCR multiwell plate and heated to 100°C. This heating minimizes evaporation of the
reaction mixture during thermocycling, and, therefore, it is not necessary to cover the
reaction mixture with oil or wax.
B
Figure 14 Figure 15: Top view of the 96-well (left) and 384-well (right) block cycler cover
The thermal block cycler is driven by six Peltier elements. In combination with an improved heat-transfer technology (Therma-Base), this enables PCR to be completed in less
than 40 minutes (384-multiwell plate). Therma-Base is a heat equalizer which moves a
concentrated heat load and distributes it to a surface area many times greater than is possible using conventional cyclers, thus reducing the overall component temperature and
ensuring homogeneous heat transfer.
The block cycler unit is easily accessible through the block cycler door in the right instru­
ment panel. The thermal block cycler, including the block cycler cover, is provided in a
storage box. This box takes up the block cycler and cover enclosed in the loading device,
which is used to facilitate block exchange. (For full details about exchanging the thermal
block cycler and block cycler cover, see section Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal
Block Cycler.) Using the loading device, the thermal block cycler can be exchanged within
minutes.
To cool the thermal block cycler during operation, the block cycler door in the right instrument panel is equipped with two high-efficiency fans. The air flow is guided through
the instrument and expelled at the back on the right side.
52
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Description of the Block Cycler Unit
Once the appropriate thermal block cycler is installed, the only manual handling step the
user must perform is loading and removal of the PCR multiwell plate. The PCR multiwell
plate is taken up by the multiwell plate loader, which moves the plate into the block cycler
unit and places it on the multiwell plate mount of the thermal block cycler. The loader is
moved out from and into the instrument by pressing the push button on the front of the
instrument. For white plates a built-in plate detector checks whether the correct multiwell
plate type (96-or 384-well) has been inserted properly.
If clear plates are used, the sensor has to be disabled by selecting the Clear Plates option
in the software before the run is started.
Furthermore, the built-in multi­well plate bar-code scanner can be used to read the plate
ID bar code label. The scanned plate ID is automatically transferred to LightCycler® 480
Software. The PCR multiwell plate is adjusted on the thermal block cycler to ensure that
the reaction wells are centered exactly under the pinholes in the block cycler cover. In
addition, the detection unit optimizes its position relative to the block cycler cover using
fluorescent markers present on the lid surface. By this means, emitted fluo­rescent light is
efficiently detected by the detection unit.
B
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument can also be connected to a LIMS system via the
­LightCycler® 480 LIMS Interface Module which then controls opening and closing of the
multiwell plate loader to perform automated loading. Furthermore you can start an experiment using a macro, get the experiment status, read the multiwell plate bar-code, and
receive results via a LIMS connection.
Both versions of the thermal block cycler are available as individual accessories (­includ­ing
block cycler cover, storage box, and loading station):
System Description
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (96-well) Silver
Cat. No. 05 015 219 001
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit (384-well) Silver
Cat. No. 05 015 197 001
53
System Description
Description of the Detection Unit
3.3
Description of the Detection Unit
The detection unit consists of two main components:
►► Lamp unit containing the excitation light source (Xenon reflector lamp).
►► Optics
unit consisting of the liquid light guide with light pipe, the emission filters
wheel, the excitation filters wheel, and the CCD camera with camera optics.
B
Figure 15 Diagram of the LightCycler® 480 detection unit
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument uses a Xenon reflector lamp as excitation light source.
The lamp emits light in a broad wavelength range from 430 to 630 nm, making it possible
to use various different fluorophores. The lamp requires a pre-warming phase of approxi­
mately two minutes to reach full intensity. The lamp is shut off automatically after 10 minutes of instrument inactivity. This delay ensures that no additional pre-warming is needed
for a subsequent run that is performed within a short time of an initial run. The Xenon
lamp has an average lifetime of at least 500 hours. Light intensity is measured automatically by the instrument, and the user is informed when the intensity falls below a minimum limit ensuring sufficient excitation efficiency. The Xenon lamp can be exchanged
manually by the user: Operation by a Roche service engineer is not necessary. (For details
about exchanging the Xenon lamp, see section Maintenance.)
54
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Description of the Detection Unit
The light emitted by the Xenon lamp is passed to the optics unit through a liquid light
guide. A light pipe at the end of the light guide generates a uniform illumination and
converts it from a round to a rectangular profile to match the shape of the PCR multiwell plate. The actual wavelength used for excitation of fluorophores in the amplification
reaction is determined by the chosen excitation filter. Excitation filters are located in a
revolving filter wheel, which is driven by a stepper motor with six filter positions. Five of
these positions are equipped with excitation filters (for details, see section Specifications of
the Detection Unit), while the sixth position is used for taking a “dark picture”. This dark
picture is taken every time the instrument is restarted and is used for dark correction of
the pictures taken during a LightCycler® 480 Instrument run.
After passing the excitation filter, the light is projected to the PCR multiwell plate through
a large field lens that efficiently collects rays also from lateral wells of the plate. The optics
module adjusts the light beams so that each reaction well in the PCR multiwell plate is illuminated with exactly the same slight angel (2°) through the pinholes of the block cycler
cover. In the same way, fluorescent light emitted by the excited fluorophores in the amplification reaction is passed vertically into the optics module. This ensures that (1) there
are no shading effects within the plate wells and (2) there are absolutely no distortions
or variations in the signals coming from wells located at the edges of the PCR multiwell
plate compared to center wells, enabling homogeneous sensitivity over the complete plate.
Achieving homogeneous sensitivity over the complete imaging range is further supported
by an in-built automated flatfield correction, specific for each individual detection unit.
B
The fluorescent light emitted by the PCR multiwell plate again enters the optics module
and is then guided through a second filter wheel carrying six emission filters (for details,
see section Specifications of the Detection Unit). Finally, the fluorescent signals are detected
by the CCD camera. At the heart of the camera lays a cooled CCD chip with a resolution of 1024 × 1344 pixels. Temperature of the chip is controlled to be constantly +10°C
to minimize generation of stray electrons which otherwise would contribute to thermal
noise. Acquisition time of the CCD camera is adjusted either manually or dynamically
(i.e., the integration time is adjusted by signal dynamics to ensure an optimal ratio to the
signal strength) by the instrument software. Before measurements are transferred to the
LightCycler® 480 control unit and software, further corrections and data reduction are
performed.
In parallel to the fluorescent signals emitted by the PCR multiwell plate, a reference chan­
nel is measured. Using this reference channel, the intensity of the Xenon lamp is measured
and the values are used to compensate for possible intensity fluctuations that could influence the intensity of fluorescent signals. This measure guarantees the lowest possible
intra- and inter-assay variance.
Because excitation and emission filters are placed on filter wheels, detection of dyespecific fluorescence cannot be performed simultaneously in multicolor assays. Rather,
one detection “channel” is measured after the other. Time required to switch the filter
position is less than 0.65 seconds. The recommended combinations of excitation and
emission filters for the dyes used in LightCycler® 480 Instrument real-time PCR assays
are predefined in the LightCycler® 480 Software as “detection formats”. Because only
those signals specific for the selected filter combinations are measured, always make
sure to use appropriate detection formats.
System Description
55
System Description
Description of the Detection Channels
3.4
Description of the Detection Channels
The five excitation filters and six emission filters of a LightCycler® 480 Instrument filter
set can be freely combined to enable optimal excitation of fluorophores and exact measurement of emitted fluorescence signals.
B
The excitation–emission filter pairs can either be used singly in mono-color applications
or in successive combination for multicolor applications. You will find suitable filter pair
combinations used in either mono- or multicolor applications as predefined detection
formats in LightCycler® 480 Software (e.g., the “Multi Color HybProbe” detection format
combines the Red 610, Red 640 and Cy5 filter pairs). For details, see section Detection
Formats.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument can simultaneously detect signals from two or more
dyes, which make it possible to obtain more information from a single reaction. The
channels chosen for analysis depend on the fluorescent dyes used in the experiment.
In a multicolor reaction, the wavelengths of light emitted by the dyes overlap, causing
one channel to pick up signals from more than one dye. This so-called cross-talk can
cause misleading data. “Color Compensation” is required to correct for this bleedover between channels in multicolor experiments. For details on how to perform Color
Compensation on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, see section Color Compensation
Analysis.
For multicolor hydrolysis probe assays, it is strongly recommended to use dark quencher dyes (i.e., dye molecules which efficiently quench the fluorescence of a FRET reporter
dye without emitting fluorescence themselves). (For details see section ­Moni­toring
PCR with hydrolysis Probes.)
3.4.1
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I Filter Set
The table shows excitation–emission filter combinations of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I filter set recommended for ­fluorophores used in various different real-time PCR
detection formats:
Fluorophore
Excitation
Filter
Emission
Filter
Detection Format
LightCycler® Cyan 500
450
500
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
SYBR Green I
483
533
SYBR Green I
Fluorescein (Fluos / FAM)
483
533
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Donor)
SimpleProbe Probes
VIC / HEX / Yellow555 /
Joe
523
568
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
LightCycler® Red 610
558
483
610
610
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
LightCycler® Red 640
558
483
610
640
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
Cy5
615
483
670
670
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
Besides the dyes listed in the table above all dyes that are compatible with the excitation and emission filter wavelengths can be measured by the LightCycler® 480
­Instrument I.
56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Description of the Detection Channels
3.4.2
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II Filter Set
The table shows excitation–emission filter combinations of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II filter set recommended for ­fluorophores used in various different real-time PCR
detection formats:
Fluorophore
Excitation
Filter
Emission
Filter
Detection Format
LightCycler® Cyan 500
440
488
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
SYBR Green I
465
510
SYBR Green I
Fluorescein (Fluos / FAM)
465
510
498
580
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Donor)
SimpleProbe Probes
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter,
only in combination with
Cyan 500)
VIC / HEX / Yellow555 /
Joe
533
580
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
LightCycler® Red 610
533
498
610
610
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
LightCycler® Red 640
498
640
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
Cy5 / Cy 5.5 /
LightCycler® Red 705
618
498
660
660
Hydrolysis Probes (Reporter)
HybProbe Probes (Acceptor)
B
Besides the dyes listed in the table above all dyes that are compatible with the excitation and emission filter wavelengths can be measured by the LightCycler® 480
­Instrument II.
System Description
57
System Description
LightCycler® 480 Disposables
3.5
LightCycler® 480 Disposables
Specially designed PCR multiwell plates are available for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument:
►► LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates 96/384, clear
►► LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates 96/384, white
B
Well geometry and material of these plates are optimized to ensure best heat transfer, a
prerequisite for specific PCR and fast cycling rates. Further­more, these plates generate
minimal autofluorescence which is important to achieve a good signal-to-noise ratio in
detection. The multiwell plates come together with matching self-adhesive sealing foils.
Use only the PCR multiwell plates recommended in this Operator’s Manual. The block
cycler unit of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument has an in-built plate type detector that
detects and distinguishes the LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates. When clear plates are
used, the sensor has to be disabled by selecting the Clear Plates option in the software
before the run is started.
Use the clear multiwell plates only with recommended formats, hydrolysis probes and
SYBR Green I.
All multiwell plate types have two notches on each of their long sides to allow handling
of the plates by robotic loading instruments.
The multiwell plates carry a bar code label (Code 128, 8 characters) on the long side
at row A. This bar-code label represents a running plate ID that can be read by the
Multiwell Bar-Code Scanner.
Figure 16 LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 96 white (left) and clear (right)
Figure 17 Clear LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 384 white (left) and clear (right)
58
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
LightCycler® 480 Disposables
Before loading the PCR multiwell plate into the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, it has
to be sealed properly with the self-adhesive sealing foil. Sealing the plate is crucial to
eliminate evaporation at high temperatures. Use only the recommended foil. Always
centrifuge the filled and sealed plate before loading it into the instrument.
B
Figure 18 LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil
It is not possible to use strip PCR tubes on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. Only the
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plates can be used.
System Description
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 96,
white
50 plates with
50 sealing foils
Cat. No. 04 729 692 001
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 384,
white
50 plates with
50 sealing foils
Cat. No. 04 729 749 001
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 96,
clear
50 plates with
50 sealing foils
Cat. No. 05 102 413 001
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 384,
clear
50 plates with
50 sealing foils
Cat. No. 05 102 430 001
LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil
1 × 50 foils
Cat. No. 04 729 757 001
59
System Description
LightCycler® 480 Reagents
3.6
B
LightCycler® 480 Reagents
The LightCycler® 480 Real-Time PCR System includes generic master mixes tailor-made
for each of the main LightCycler® 480 Instrument applications (gene identification, gene
quantification, genotyping). The LightCycler® 480 Instrument master mixes have been
adapted to the special rapid cycling environment of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument and
to the different probe chemistries supported by the system. Optimal experimental results
can therefore only be obtained when LightCycler® 480 Instrument and reagents are used
in combination. Due to the differences in design (dimensions, material) of the respective
reaction devices, reagents are tailor-made and must not be interchanged between Light­
Cycler® 480 System and the capillary-based LightCycler® 2.0 and 1.5 instruments.
Enzyme variants and buffer conditions have been carefully chosen and optimized for each
application:
►► LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting Master is designed for specific DNA amplification and high-resolution melting analysis. The mix contains LightCycler® 480
ResoLight Dye for detection of double-stranded DNA.
►► LightCycler® 480 SYBR Green I Master contains components which help to minimize
primer-dimers.
►► LightCycler® 480 Probes Master is designed for real-time PCR using the ­LightCycler®
480 Instrument in combination with suitable probes (e.g., hydrolysis probes, Universal
ProbeLibrary probes, and others) and gene-specific primers. The kit is ideally suited
for hot-start PCR assays for gene quantification and Endpoint Genotyping assays.
►► LightCycler® 480 RNA Master Hydrolysis Probes is an easy-to-use hot-start reaction
mix, specifically adapted for one-step RT-PCR under the rapid and accurate cycling
conditions of the plate-based LightCycler® 480 Instrument using hydrolysis probes
(e.g., Universal ProbeLibrary probes) as the detection format.
►► LightCycler® 480 Genotyping Master is optimized for Melting Curve analysis with
HybProbe or SimpleProbe probes.
Since all mixes are provided as one-component master reagents, reaction setup requires
only the addition of template DNA, primers and (except for experiments with SYBR
Green I or ResoLight) probes. The mixes can be used with different types of DNA (e.g.,
genomic, cDNA) or RNA (e.g., total RNA, mRNA) in the case of the LightCycler® 480
RNA Master Hydrolysis Probes, and are ideally suited for high-throughput applications in
96- or 384-well plates. All master mixes have an extended room temperature stability for
maximum robustness in automated highthroughput applications.
Each master mix is optimized for a fixed MgCl2 concentration, which works with nearly
all primer combinations. No adjustment of the MgCl2 concentration is needed to amplify
different sequences. The only exception is the LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting
Master, where MgCl2 is provided as an extra vial to adjust.
LightCycler® 480 PCR master mixes are all based on enzymes compatible with hot-start
protocols. When used on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, these protocols have been
shown to significantly improve the specificity, sensitivity, and yield of PCR. For example,
heat-labile blocking groups on some of the amino acid residues of FastStart Taq DNA
Polymerase make the modified enzyme inactive at temperatures below 75°C. Therefore,
no primer elongation occurs during the period when primers can bind nonspecifically.
The FastStart Taq DNA Polymerase is activated by removing the blocking groups at a high
temperature (i.e., during the pre-incubation step at 95°C).
All LightCycler® 480 PCR master mixes contain a dNTP mix including UTP instead of
dTTP. Therefore they can be used in conjunction with heat-labile Uracil-DNA N-­­Glyco­
sylase (UNG) for carry-over prevention during PCR.
60
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
LightCycler® 480 Reagents
LightCycler® 480 master mixes can be used in two-step RT-PCR applications, for ­example,
downstream of Transcriptor Reverse Transcriptase.
Product name
Main application
Enzyme
Supported
detection formats
Cat. No.
LightCycler® 480
High Resolution
Melting Master
►► High-resolution
amplicon melting
analysis for mutation
scanning
FastStart Taq
Fluorescent dye binding
to double-stranded DNA
04 909 631 001
SYBR Green I
04 707 516 001
►► Optimized for hydrolysis probes (e.g.,
Universal ProbeLibrary probes)
04 707 494 001
DNA Polymerase
►► Genotyping using
unlabeled probes
LightCycler® 480
SYBR Green I
Master
(2× concentrated)
►► Qualitative gene
detection
LightCycler® 480
Probes Master
(2× concentrated)
►► Absolute and Relative FastStart Taq
Quantification
DNA Polymerase
FastStart Taq DNA
Polymerase
►► Absolute Quantification
►► Endpoint Genotyping
B
►► Also suitable for
other probe formats,
for e­ xample HybProbe probes (FRET
probes), Molecular
Beacon, and Scorpions
LightCycler® 480
RNA Master
Hydrolysis Probes
One-step RT-PCR ­system
for
►► gene expression
analysis
►► absolute and relative
quantification of RNA
LightCycler® 480
Genotyping
Master
(5× concentrated)
►► Genotyping via melting curves
LightCycler® 480
Control Kit
Verify and monitor
real-time PCR and Melting Curve analysis performance of the LightCycler®
480 ­Instrument
System Description
Optimized for hydrolysis
Reverse Transcription and amplifica- probes (e.g., Universal
ProbeLibrary probes)
tion using a Tth
polymerase based
hot-start system,
fast cycling protocol
5‘-3‘-exo-minus,
N-terminal deletion
of a thermostable
►► SNP genotyping
and mutation analysis recombinant Taq
DNA polymerase
►► Especially recommended for multiplex
assays
Enzyme not
included. To be
complemented with
appropriate master
mix
►► HybProbe probes
04991885001
04 707 524 001
►► SimpleProbe probes
►► NOT to be used with
hydrolysis probes!
04 710 924 001
Contains Universal
ProbeLibrary probe and
HybProbe probes, also for
demonstration of SYBR
Green I detection and
high-resolution melting
analysis if combined with
the respective master
mixes
61
System Description
Additional Equipment Required
3.7
Additional Equipment Required
The following additional equipment is required to perform real-time PCR assays with the
LightCycler® 480 System:
►► Standard swing-bucket centrifuge containing a rotor for well plates with suitable
adaptors
►► Nuclease-free, aerosol-resistant pipette tips
B
62
►► Pipettes with disposable, positive-displacement tips
►► Sterile reaction (Eppendorf) tubes for preparing master mixes and dilutions
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.8
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.8.1
Overview
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument makes use of fluorescent dyes for online, real-time
monitoring of both the generation of PCR products during cycling and melting of PCR
products in post-PCR Melting Curve analysis. Fluorescence signals measured during cycling are correlated with the amount of PCR product in the reaction, allowing the calculation of input copy number of the target nucleic acid (possible both with sequenceindependent and sequence-specific detection formats). Fluorescence measurements taken
during post-PCR Melting Curve analysis are either used for PCR product character­ization
(in sequence-independent detection formats) or genotyping (in sequence-specific detection formats). For maximum flexibility, the LightCycler® 480 Instrument supports several
fluorescent analysis formats and can use a broad range of probes and dyes:
►► Sequence-Independent Detection Assays
B
Rely on fluorophores that bind to all double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) molecules
regardless of sequence; for example SYBR Green I.
►► Sequence-Specific Probe Binding Assays
Rely on fluorophores coupled to sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes that
hybridize to their complementary sequence in target PCR products:
►► Single-labeled probes (SimpleProbe chemistry)
►► Hybridization probes (HybProbe chemistry)
►► Hydrolysis probes (5´-nuclease assay)
Other assay formats may also be adapted for real-time PCR on the LightCycler® 480
Instrument. For example, adaptable probe formats include Bi-Probes (iFRET-Probes),
Molecular Beacons and Scorpions. However, it is essential that any fluorescent dye
used in an analysis is compatible with the optical unit of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
System Description
63
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
HybProbe and hydrolysis probe chemistries use the fluorescence resonance energy
transfer (FRET) principle, which is based on the transfer of energy from one fluorophore
(the donor) to another adjacent fluorophore (the acceptor).
The following are primary conditions for FRET:
►► Donor and acceptor molecules must be close to each other
B
►► Excitation spectrum of the acceptor must overlap fluorescence emission spectrum of
the donor
►► Dipole orientations of donor and acceptor must be approximate parallel
The donor dye is excited by the light source of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument by
choosing an excitation filter that matches the dye’s absorption maximum (e.g., 483 nm for
fluorescein). This wavelength excites certain electrons in the donor molecule from ground
level to a higher energy level. This energy is released by the following:
►► Emitting fluorescent light of different, longer wavelength
►► Transfer of energy to the acceptor dye (e.g., LightCycler® Red 640). When the energy
is released, the electrons return to ground level. By transferring energy to the acceptor
molecule, fluorescence of the donor itself is quenched.
The FRET process can be used in various ways to generate a sequence-specific signal during PCR. While hydrolysis probe chemistry is based on quenching the fluorescence of the
donor dye (the acceptor dye is thus called quencher), the HybProbe chemistry uses the
fluorescence emission of the acceptor dye.
64
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.8.2
Monitoring PCR with the SYBR Green I Dye
Generation of PCR products can be detected by measurement of the SYBR Green I fluorescence signal. SYBR Green I intercalates into the dsDNA helix. In solution, the unbound
dye exhibits very little fluorescence; however, fluorescence (measured at 530 nm) is greatly
enhanced (100-fold) upon binding to DNA due to conformational changes. Therefore,
during PCR, the increase in SYBR Green I fluorescence is directly proportional to the
amount of dsDNA generated. Since SYBR Green I dye is very stable it is the reagent of
choice when measuring total DNA quantity.
The following are the basic steps of DNA detection by SYBR Green I during real-time PCR
on the LightCycler® 480 System:
�
During annealing, PCR primers hybridize to the
target DNA strand and form small regions of
dsDNA where SYBR Green I intercalates: the
fluorescent signal slightly increases.
�
In the elongation phase, more dsDNA is
formed and more SYBR Green I dye can
intercalate: the fluorescent signal increases.
�
At the end of the elongation phase, all DNA
has become double-stranded and the
maximum amount of SYBR Green I is
intercalated. The fluorescence is measured
(530 nm) at the end of each elongation phase.
B
■
System Description
65
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Since SYBR Green I binds to any dsDNA, the SYBR Green I format cannot discriminate between different dsDNA species. The specific product, non-specific products and
primer-dimers are detected equally well. Any double-stranded PCR artifact contributes
to signal intensity, which could result in overestimation of the concentration of the target
sequence.
B
To determine whether only your desired PCR product has been amplified, you can perform a Melting Curve analysis after PCR. PCR product characterization by Melting Curve
analysis is based on the fact that each particular double-stranded DNA molecule has its
characteristic melting temperature Tm, at which 50% of the DNA is double-stranded and
50% is melted, i.e., single-stranded. The most important factors that determine the thermal stability of dsDNA are length and GC content of the molecule.
During a melting curve run, the reaction mixture is slowly heated up to 95°C, which
causes melting of dsDNA and a corresponding sharp decrease of SYBR Green I fluores­
cence when the temperature reaches the Tm of a PCR product present in the reaction.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument continuously monitors fluorescence over temperature
transitions. In Melting Curve analysis using LightCycler® 480 Software these data are
then displayed as a melting curve chart (fluorescence [F] vs temperature [T]). The Tm
of a PCR product present in the reaction can be estimated from the inflection point of
the melting curve. But the Tm is more easily discerned using the LightCycler® 480 Basic
Software Tm Calling analysis module by plotting a derivative melting curve (-dF/dT)
where the center of a melting peak corresponds to the point of inflection.
If the PCR generated only one amplicon, Melting Curve analysis will show only one melting peak. If primer-dimers or other non-specific products are present, they will be shown
as additional melting peaks. Checking the Tm of a PCR product can thus be compared
with analyzing a PCR product by length in gel electrophoresis.
66
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.8.3
Monitoring PCR with Hydrolysis Probes
Hydrolysis probe assays can technically be described as homogeneous 5´-nuclease assays,
since a single 3´-non-extendable (due to phosphorylation) probe, which is cleaved during
PCR amplification, is used to detect the accumulation of a specific target DNA sequence.
This single probe contains two labels, a fluorescent reporter and a quencher, in close
proximity to each other. When the probe is intact, the quencher dye is close enough to the
reporter dye to suppress the reporter fluorescent signal (fluorescent quenching takes place
via FRET). During PCR, the 5´-nuclease activity of the polymerase cleaves the hydrolysis
probe, separating the reporter and quencher. In the cleaved probe, the reporter is no longer quenched and emits a fluorescent signal when excited.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument can detect hydrolysis probes that are e.g., labeled with
the reporter dyes LightCycler® Cyan 500, FAM, HEX, LightCycler® Red 610, ­LightCycler®
Red 640, or Cy5. Hydrolysis probes can be used separately or in combination, which permits either single- or multicolor detection.
B
For multicolor hydrolysis probe assays, it is strongly recommended to use dark quencher dyes (i.e., dye molecules which efficiently quench the fluorescence of a FRET reporter
dye without emitting fluorescence themselves). Roche Applied Science recom­mends the
use of BHQ-2 (quenching range 550 – 650 nm) for all hydrolysis probe reporter dyes
listed above. Alternatively, DABCYL (quenching range 380 – 530 nm) can be used for
quenching LightCycler® Cyan 500, FAM, or HEX.
�
A hydrolysis probe carries two fluorescent
dyes in close proximity, with the quencher dye
suppressing the reporter fluorescence signal.
The 3´-end of the probe is phosphorylated, so
it cannot be extended during PCR.
�
In the annealing phase of PCR, primers
and probes specifically anneal to the target
sequence.
�
As the DNA polymerase extends the primer,
it encounters the probe. The polymerase then
cleaves the probe with its inherent 5´-nuclease
activity, displaces the probe fragments from
the target, and continues to polymerize the
new amplicon.
�
In the cleaved probe, the reporter dye is no
longer quenched and therefore can emit
fluorescent light that can be measured by
one detector channel of the LightCycler® 480
Instrument. Thus, the increase in fluorescence
from the reporter dye directly correlates to
the accumulation of released reporter dye
molecules (and thus indirectly to the amount
of PCR products). As with SYBR Green I,
the fluorescent signal of the reporter dye is
­measured at the end of the elongation phase.
■
System Description
67
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
In the hydrolysis probe format, Melting Curve analysis cannot be performed, because
generation of the fluorescent signal does not depend on the hybridization status of the
probe but on digestion of the probe. Therefore, this type of assay requires a different
experimental approach for genotyping: the Endpoint Genotyping method.
For a digestible hybridization complex to form correctly, the hydrolysis probe must anneal to the target before primer extension. The Tm of the probe should be only slightly
higher than the Tm of the PCR primer, so the hybridization complex is stable.
B
68
Two principle PCR run programs are possible for hydrolysis probe assays. Both twostep and three-step PCR programs will provide suitable experimental results. Higher MgCl2 amounts in the amplification solution might be necessary to ensure stable
hybridization of the hydrolysis probe and favor the hydrolysis event. The amplicon
should be short (up to 150 bp) and when performing a two-step PCR program the
temperature for annealing and elongation should be around 60°C.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument in combination with the LightCycler® 480
Probe Master is fully compatible with the 165 pre-validated, dual-labeled (labeled
5´-termi­nal with fluorescein/FAM and 3´-proximal with a dark quencher dye) realtime PCR probes of the Universal ProbeLibrary for gene expression analysis. The probes
are available either as single probes or as organism-specific Universal ­ProbeLibrary
Sets containing 90 pre-validated probes. Each Universal ProbeLibrary Set is able to
detect at least 95 – 99% of all transcripts for a given organism. Currently Universal
­ProbeLibrary Sets are available for human and mouse. Additionally an extention set
is provided to complete the human set to all 165 probes. For detailed information, visit
http://www.universalprobeli­brary.com.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.8.4
Monitoring PCR with HybProbe Probes
In the HybProbe detection format, two specially designed, sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes labeled with different fluorescent dyes, called donor and acceptor, hybridize
to the target sequences on the amplified DNA fragment in a head-to-tail arrangement,
thereby bringing the two dyes into close proximity. The donor dye (e.g., fluorescein) is
excited by choosing the appropriate excitation filter (483 nm). When the two dyes are
close to each other, the energy emitted by the donor dye excites the acceptor dye (e.g.,
LightCycler® Red 640) attached to the second HybProbe oligonucleotide, which then
emits fluorescent light at a different wavelength. The amount of fluorescence emitted is
directly proportional to the amount of target DNA generated during PCR.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument can detect HybProbe probes that are labeled with
the acceptor dye LightCycler® Red 610, LightCycler® Red 640, or Cy5. These labeled
HybProbe probes can be used separately or in combination, which permits either single- or multicolor detection. Use fluorescein (FLUOS) as donor dye. Note, that the
donor-acceptor combination FLUOS-HEX is not suitable as the spectra of both dyes
are too close to each other.
�
In the example shown, the HybProbe donor
probe is labeled with fluorescein at the 3´-end,
while the HybProbe acceptor probe is labeled
at the 5´-end with a Light Cycler® Red dye
(the acceptor probe is also 3´-phosphorylated
to prevent extension). (Note that this set-up
might also be reversed: acceptor probe labeled
at the 3´-end and donor probe labeled at the
5´-end.) Hybridization does not occur during
the denaturation phase of PCR. Since the distance between the unbound probes prevents
energy transfer between the two dye labels, no
fluorescence will be detected from the acceptor dye during this phase.
�
During the annealing phase, the two probes
hybridize to the amplified DNA fragment in a
close head-to-tail arrangement. The donor dye
is excited by the light source of the instrument, which causes it to emit energy. Instead
of being emitted as fluorescent light, the
emitted energy excites the acceptor dye. The
fluorescence emitted by the acceptor dye is
measured at the end of each annealing step,
when the fluorescence intensity is highest.
�
After annealing, the temperature is raised and
the HybProbe probes are displaced during
elongation. At the end of this step, the PCR
product is double-stranded and the displaced
HybProbe probes are again too far apart to
allow FRET to occur.
B
■
System Description
69
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
B
70
The HybProbe detection format is suited for both sequence-specific detection in qPCR
and genotyping (SNP detection). SNP detection using HybProbe probes is based on Melting Curve analysis. At temperatures below the Tm of the oligonucleotides, the ­Hyb­Probe
pair binds to the complementary template and this brings the anchor probe in close proximity with the sensor probe, hence, producing FRET. As the temperature is raised, the
probes will melt at their corresponding Tms and no longer produce FRET. This melting
coincides with a drop in fluorescence signal. The temperature at which the sensor probe
melts will be dependent on the underlying sequence. Thus, if a SNP exists on the sensorprobe binding region, the complex is destabilized and melts at a lower tem­perature compared to the perfect match.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
System Description
Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
3.8.5
Genotyping with SimpleProbe Probes
SimpleProbe probes are a special type of hybridization probe. These probes differ from
HybProbe probes in one important way: Instead of two probes working together, only a
single probe is needed. This single probe hybridizes specifically to a target sequence that
contains the SNP of interest. Once hybridized, the SimpleProbe probe emits a greater
fluorescent signal than it does when it is not hybridized to its target. As a result, changes in
fluorescent signal depend solely on the hybridization status of the probe. The ­SimpleProbe
detection format is not based on the FRET principle.
Typically a SimpleProbe probe is designed to specifically hybridize to a target sequence
that contains an SNP of interest. Once hybridized to its target sequence, the SimpleProbe
probe emits more fluorescence than it does when it is not hybridized. As a result, changes
in fluorescence are based solely on the hybridization status of the probe. SimpleProbe
probes are an excellent tool for SNP genotyping and mutation detection because they
readily identify wild type, mutant, and heterozygous samples with only a single short
probe.
B
A SimpleProbe probe can be labeled either terminally (the 3´- or 5´-end) or internally
(e.g., by using SimpleProbe 519 Labeling Reagent*). If a SimpleProbe probe is free in solution, emission of the reporter dye is quenched by a specific, non-fluorescent quencher.
When the probe hybridizes to its target, quenching is reduced and the reporter dye, when
excited by the excitation channel of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, emits fluorescence.
However, even when the probe is not hybridized, no background fluorescence is detectable at 530 nm, resulting in a low signal-to-noise ratio.
For SNP analysis, the LightCycler® 480 Instrument monitors the melting behavior of the
SimpleProbe probe. By measuring the fluorescence, the instrument can detect melting of
the probe–target hybrids as the temperature increases. The more stable the hybridization
between Simple probe and target sequence, the higher the melting temperature. Mutations, such as SNPs, weaken the stability of SimpleProbe probe binding.
�
During the denaturation phase no hybridization takes place, thus, only a low fluorescence
background is detected at 530 nm.
�
During the annealing phase, the probe hybridizes to the amplified DNA fragment and is no
longer quenched. Fluorescein, when excited by
the light source of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, emits green fluorescent light which is
measured only at the end of each annealing
step at maxi mum intensity.
�
During the subsequent elongation step, the
SimpleProbe probe is displaced.
�
At the end of the elongation step, the PCR
product is double stranded and the displaced
SimpleProbe probe is again quenched.
■
System Description
71


B
72
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Operation
Chapter C • Operation
Description of the operating procedures for
the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Table of Contents
C
Operation
75
1
Introduction........................................................................................................................................................ 75
2
System Start-Up.............................................................................................................................................. 76
3
Preparing and Starting a LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run................................................... 77
4
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler..........................................................80
C
74
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Introduction

Operation
1
Introduction
Prior to starting operation, review sections Overview and LightCycler® 480 Software to
verify the identification and location of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument components and
to become familiar with the software.
C
Operation
75
System Start-Up

2
System Start-Up
The mains switch is located on the left side of
the power box at the back of the instrument.
Use this switch to turn the instrument on or
off.
�
C
Two status LEDs are located at the front of
the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
During instrument operation, the status LEDs
function as described in the table below:
Color of Left LED
Color of Right LED
Indication
Orange (flashing)
Orange (flashing)
Instrument is initializing.
Green
Orange
Instrument is turned on.
Instrument status is ready.
No plate loaded.
Green
Orange (flashing)
Plate is loading.
Green
Green
Instrument is turned on.
Instrument status is ready.
Plate is loaded.
Green (flashing)
Green (flashing)
Instrument is running.
�
Turn on the control unit.
�
Log on to Windows XP.
�
Start the LightCycler® 480 Software. Details on working with the LightCycler® 480
Software are described in section LightCycler® 480 Software.
■
76
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Preparing and Starting a LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run

3
Preparing and Starting a
LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run
The procedure described below represents a typical example. Other approaches (e.g.,
distributing replicates of a master mix already containing template DNA) are
possible.
�
Program the experimental protocol and define the sample numbers, names, etc. For
detailed instructions, see section LightCycler® 480 Software.
�
Prepare a master mix that contains all of the reaction reagents except the DNA
­template in a 1.5 ml or 0.5 ml reaction tube.
�
Follow the protocols provided in the Instruction Manual of the LightCycler® 480
reagent kit. Use only reaction volumes recommended for the type of PCR multiwell plate in use. Use dark reaction tubes to avoid bleaching of fluorescent dyes
by ambient light.
Pipette the reagent mix into the wells of the LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate. ­Robotic
or parallel (8 or 16 tip) pipetting is helpful when processing a large number of
samples.
�
Add the DNA template to each well.
�
Seal the plate properly with a LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil by pressing it firmly to the
plate surface using your hand or a scraper (e.g., the Sealing Foil Applicator provided
with the instrument).
C
Sealing the plate is crucial to eliminate evaporation at high temperatures.
►►►
Operation
77
Preparing and Starting a LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run

�
Place the multiwell plate in a standard swing-bucket centrifuge, containing a rotor for
multiwell plates with suitable adaptors. Balance it with a suitable counterweight (e.g.,
another multiwell plate). Centrifuge the plate at 1,500 × g for two minutes. Check the
wells for bubbles, and repeat if necessary.
�
►► To load the prepared multiwell plate into the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, press
the push button on the front of the instrument (located next to the instrument
status LEDs):
C
►► The multiwell plate loader extends out of the right side of the instrument:
�
Place the multiwell plate into the loading frame of the loader with the flat edge pointing towards the instrument. (The short plate edge with beveled corners points away
from the instrument.)
�
Press the plate loading push button again to retract the loader with the inserted multiwell plate into the instrument. You are now ready to start the run.
►►►
78
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Preparing and Starting a LightCycler® 480 Instrument Run

��
When the run is finished, open the plate loader again to remove the PCR multiwell
plate.
Directly after completion of a run, the multiwell plate loader may be hot enough
to cause an immediate burn. Wait an appropriate time period to let the loader
cool down. Always include a final cooling step in your LightCycler® 480 Instrument run protocol.
Be aware that in case of a long standby the multiwell plate itself may be
heated to +60 to +80°C by the heated lid, even if you have cooled down the
­LightCycler® 480 Instrument to +40°C after the PCR.
■
C
Operation
79
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler

4
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal
Block Cycler
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is available in two versions, one with a thermal block cycler for the LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 96-wells, the other for the LightCycler® 480
Multiwell Plate 384-wells
Additionally, both LightCycler® 480 Instrument versions are available with two different
thermal block cyclers:
►► LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit Silver
►► LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit Aluminum
Both thermal block cyclers can be used with LightCycler® 480 Instrument I and II.
C
You can purchase each version of the thermal block cycler as an exchangeable accessory
(LightCycler® 480 Block Kit 96 or 384). If different thermal block cycler versions are available to you, you can change the thermal block cycler manu­ally depending on which multiwell plate type you want to use. The table below describes how to exchange the thermal
block cycler.
Turn off the LightCycler® 480 Instrument before attempting to exchange the thermal
block cycler.
Before exchanging the thermal block cycler, make sure you have waited an appropriate
period of time (approximately 20 minutes) after switching off the LightCycler® 480
Instrument to allow the thermal block cycler and block cycler cover to cool. Directly
after completion of a run, both thermal block cycler and block cycler cover are hot
enough to cause an immediate burn. Including a final cooling step in your
LightCycler® 480 Instrument run protocol does not cool the block cycler cover.
�
The LightCycler® 480 thermal block cycler is provided in a storage box, which protects
the accessory from damage occurring during transport. The storage box takes up the
thermal block cycler assembled together with the block cycler cover within the block
cycler loading device.
►►►
80
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler

�
Open the storage box lid. Grasp the block cycler handhold and pull the block cycler
together with the loading device out of the box.
�
The loading device consists of two identical halves: During block exchange, the
upper half is removed and used to take up the thermal block cycler currently
installed in the instrument (see below). A retainer located in the bottom is used
to take up the disassembled block cycler cover.
Open the block cycler door in the right instrument panel:
►► Lift the clip in the door on the right side (1), and turn it clockwise (2).
C
►► While holding the door clip in the turned position, open the cycler door at the
back.
You can only open the door if the instrument is turned off.
►►►
Operation
81
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler

�
Remove the upper half of the loading device and place it upside-down, with its
open side pointing towards the instrument, in front of the opened block cycler
compartment:
�
►► While pressing down the red-labeled lever located in the upper left corner of
the block cycler compartment opening, grasp the block cycler at its handheld.
Use your thumb to apply pressure on the instrument chassis to release the block
cycler.
C
►► Pull the block cycler out of its compartment and onto the provided loading device:
►► Put aside the removed block cycler placed in the loading device.
►►►
82
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler

�
The block cycler cover must be removed after the block cycler has been removed:
►► While pushing the small golden lever located between the block-release lever
and the block cycler cover to the left, grasp the grip of the block cycler cover. The
block cycler cover is released.
►► Once released, you can easily pull the block cycler cover out of the compartment.
C
►► Insert the block cycler cover into the retainer provided in the bottom of the loading
device.
►►►
Operation
83
Exchanging the LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler

�
Load the new thermal block cycler into the empty compartment by following the steps
described above in reversed order:
►► Inserting the block cycler cover: While pushing the small golden lever located
between the block-release lever and the block cycler cover to the right, push
the block cycler cover into its carrier at the upper side of the block cycler
compartment.
C
►► Insert the new block cycler: Follow Steps 5 and 4 above exactly in reversed order.
►► Finally, after pushing the block cycler back into its compartment, close the block
cycler door and secure it by pressing down the door clip.
When you turn on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument again, the new thermal block
cycler is automatically detected and identified by the LightCycler® 480 Software.
No kind of re-calibration of instrument is required.
■
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
LightCycler® 480 Software
Version 1.5
Chapter D • LightCycler® 480 Software
Instructions for programming LightCycler®
480 real-time PCR runs and performing data
analyses
Table of Contents
D
LightCycler® 480 Software
90
Basic Software Functionalities
90
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
1.4.4
1.5
1.5.1
1.5.2
1.5.3
1.5.4
2
D
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
3
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.3
Overview of LightCycler 480 Software.............................................................................................90
General LightCycler® 480 Software User Interface Conventions.....................................................91
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software..................................................................................................... 92
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window..........................................................94
Selection and Navigation Features............................................................................................................100
The Navigator.....................................................................................................................................................100
The Query Tab....................................................................................................................................................104
Sample Selector................................................................................................................................................108
Sample Table......................................................................................................................................................111
Exporting and Importing................................................................................................................................113
Exporting Individual LightCycler® 480 Software Objects and Experiment Raw Data.............115
Exporting Multiple Files Simultaneously..................................................................................................116
Importing Individual Files..............................................................................................................................119
Importing Multiple Files Simultaneously.................................................................................................120
Programming and Running an Experiment.....................................................................................123
Programming an Experiment........................................................................................................................123
Setting Detection Formats.............................................................................................................................126
Defining Programs and Temperature Targets........................................................................................128
Customizing the Online Data Display.......................................................................................................131
Running an Experiment..................................................................................................................................133
Entering Sample Information........................................................................................................................135
Sample Editor Window....................................................................................................................................135
Sample Editor Action Bar...............................................................................................................................137
Configuring Sample Editor Properties......................................................................................................138
Entering Sample Information........................................................................................................................139
Overview of Experimental Analysis.....................................................................................................147
Overview of Analysis Steps...........................................................................................................................148
Using the Analysis Window..........................................................................................................................150
Selecting Filter Combination and Color Compensation.....................................................................151
Working with Samples in the Analysis.....................................................................................................152
Working with Charts in the Analysis Window........................................................................................153
Adding Analysis Notes...................................................................................................................................154
Removing or Renaming an Analysis..........................................................................................................154
Exporting Analysis Results............................................................................................................................156
Software Applications
4
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
86
®
160
Quantification..................................................................................................................................................160
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................160
Absolute Quantification Analysis................................................................................................................161
Understanding Sample Crossing Points..................................................................................................162
Understanding the Role of Standard Curves.........................................................................................162
Providing the Standard Curve......................................................................................................................164
Performing Absolute Quantification Analyses Using the Second Derivative Maximum
Method.................................................................................................................................................................167
Performing Absolute Quantification Analysis Using the Fit Points Method...............................170
Viewing Results.................................................................................................................................................176
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Table of Contents
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.3.6
4.3.7
4.3.8
4.3.9
4.3.10
5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
Tm Calling Analysis.......................................................................................................................................206
Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products and Genotypes....................................206
Defining a Melt Program...............................................................................................................................206
Content of a Melting Temperature Analysis...........................................................................................207
Performing Tm Calling Analysis...................................................................................................................208
Genotyping........................................................................................................................................................216
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................216
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis.....................................................................................................................217
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................217
Principle of Endpoint Genotyping...............................................................................................................219
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Experiment.................................................................................219
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Analysis.......................................................................................225
Supplementary Functions..............................................................................................................................231
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis..........................................................................................................232
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................232
Principle of Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis..................................................................................234
Performing a Melting Curve Genotyping Experiment.........................................................................235
Supplementary Functions..............................................................................................................................245
Advanced Software Functionalities
7
7.1
7.2
8
8.1
8.2
249
Color Compensation Analysis................................................................................................................248
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.....................................................................................250
To Apply Color Compensation.....................................................................................................................256
Working with Templates and Macros................................................................................................257
Working with Subsets.................................................................................................................................266
10
Working with Charts....................................................................................................................................270
Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts..................................................................................................270
Zooming and Panning to View Chart Details.........................................................................................274
11
Working with Tables.....................................................................................................................................276
12
Generating Reports......................................................................................................................................278
13
13.1
13.1.1
13.1.2
13.1.3
13.1.4
13.1.5
13.1.6
13.2
13.3
D
Creating and Using Templates.....................................................................................................................257
Creating and Using Macros..........................................................................................................................262
9
10.1
10.2

Relative Quantification Analysis..................................................................................................................179
Overview...............................................................................................................................................................179
Mono-Color or Dual-Color Experiment....................................................................................................182
Principle of Relative Quantification Analysis..........................................................................................183
Performing a Basic Relative Quantification Experiment....................................................................185
Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment........................................................187
Performing a Relative Quantification Analysis......................................................................................193
Viewing the Results.........................................................................................................................................198
Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets.............................................................................................199
External Standard Curves..............................................................................................................................202
Supplementary Information..........................................................................................................................203
Working with Preferences........................................................................................................................282
Using Chart Preferences................................................................................................................................282
Specifying Chart Heading and Label Styles...........................................................................................284
Specifying the Content of Fluorescence Charts...................................................................................284
Specifying the Appearance of Standard Curve Charts......................................................................286
Specifying the Content and Appearance of the Temperature Chart.............................................287
Overriding Default Chart Preferences.......................................................................................................287
Creating a Separate Chart Preferences Item and Making it the Default....................................290
Using Sample Preferences............................................................................................................................291
Specifying User Preferences........................................................................................................................293
87
Table of Contents
14
14.1
14.1.1
14.1.2
14.1.3
14.1.4
14.1.5
14.1.6
14.1.7
14.1.8
14.1.9
14.1.10
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.4.1
14.4.2
14.4.3
14.4.4
14.4.5
14.5
14.6
14.7
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
D
88
16
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
16.6
16.7
Administrative Tools....................................................................................................................................294
Managing User Access..................................................................................................................................295
Understanding User Accounts....................................................................................................................295
Understanding Groups...................................................................................................................................296
Understanding Roles.......................................................................................................................................296
Privileges of the Standard User Role.........................................................................................................297
Privileges of the Expert User Role..............................................................................................................298
Privileges of the Local Administrator Role..............................................................................................299
User Access to Objects..................................................................................................................................300
Managing Users, Groups, and Roles.........................................................................................................306
Working with Roles..........................................................................................................................................309
Changing Your Password...............................................................................................................................311
Report Settings..................................................................................................................................................312
Error Log...............................................................................................................................................................313
Database Information.....................................................................................................................................314
Traceable and Research Databases..........................................................................................................314
To Clean up the Database.............................................................................................................................315
To Compress the Database...........................................................................................................................317
How to Handle Databases from Software Version 1.3 or Earlier....................................................317
How to Handle Objects from Software Version 1.3 or Earlier..........................................................318
Instruments.........................................................................................................................................................319
Detection Formats............................................................................................................................................323
Setting the Plate Type......................................................................................................................................327
Diagnostic Tools.............................................................................................................................................328
Instrument Problem Report...........................................................................................................................328
Error Log...............................................................................................................................................................329
Self Test................................................................................................................................................................329
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software...............................................330
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software.........................................................................................................331
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting an Instrument.....................................336
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional Databases...............................................339
Logging on to Different Databases............................................................................................................343
Replacing an Existing Database File with a Database File of the Same Name........................345
Setting up a Client/Server Network...........................................................................................................346
Removing LightCycler® 480 Software.......................................................................................................350
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Basic Software Functionalities
Introduction to general software features and
instructions for programming and analysis of
LightCycler® 480 experiments
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software

Basic Software Functionalities
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
LightCycler® 480 Software controls the LightCycler® 480 Instrument using information
you provide in an experiment protocol. Raw data gathered by the software during realtime online PCR monitoring can then be analyzed utilizing the various analysis software
modules, e.g.,
►► Crossing point (Cp) calculation for Absolute and Relative Quantification analysis ­using
the Absolute Quantification or (optional) Relative Quantification software modules
►► Melting Curve analysis for mutation studies using the Tm Calling or (optional)
Genotyping software modules
LightCycler® 480 Software includes the LightCycler® 480 Software application, a database,
and the database object server (called “Exor4”), which com­municates with the database.
The software needs to be installed in a local configuration.
In this configuration all software components are preinstalled on the LightCycler®
480 control unit connected to the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. Each configuration
(instrument and connected control unit) functions as an independent system with its
own databases and its own set of user accounts. The location and destination folder of the
database engine and database files is usually predefined for the installation process.
D
Optionally, LightCycler® 480 Software 1.5 allows you to connect the application to a
database on a remote computer. It is even possible to host several connections from
different users to a single remote database. For details on how to set up such a client/
server network read section Setting Up a Client/Server Network.
All data gathered by the LightCycler® 480 System are stored in the database to guarantee security for the data and data integrity. No manipulation of stored data and no access to raw data are possible. Analysis and editing of data can only be done within the
­LightCycler® 480 Software.
LightCycler® 480 Software uses a database with an audit trail (traceable database) or
a database without an audit trail (for research applications).
90
In a traceable database all changes of database objects have to be confirmed together
with submitting a reason for change. A traceable database does not allow that experiments and experiment related objects are renamed or deleted. Experiments might
even not be copied. But it is possible to rename templates and folders as well as delete
templates and empty folders.
In a research database changes are not traced and you can rename, copy or delete
experiments and experiment related objects.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
General LightCycler® 480 Software User Interface Conventions
1
This section provides a general introduction to LightCycler® 480 Software. Further,
it describes all user interface elements and software modules available on all software
screens. This section includes the following topics:
►► Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software
►► Understanding the main window
►► User interface conventions
►► Exporting and importing files and objects
1.1
General LightCycler® 480 Software User Interface
Conventions
The user interface of the LightCycler® 480 Software displays some common elements (i.e.,
buttons) with a defined functionality which you will find on nearly all software screens:
Button
Function
Confirms an entry or action. Proceeds to the next screen, dialog, or step.
Corresponds to pressing the <Enter> key.
Aborts an entry or action. Closes the selected screen or dialog.
Corresponds to pressing the <Esc> key.
Adds an item or object.
Removes an item or object.
Edits an item or object.
Exits LightCycler® 480 Software.
D
Furthermore, general button design conventions imply the function behind each button
by using specific button indicators. The table below explains the conventions for button
indicators:
Button
Marking
Behavior
Black triangle in lower left corner
Completes the action and closes the
window or dialog.
Black triangle in upper right corner
Opens a secondary dialog.
No black triangle
Performs a specified action in the current
window.
White background, dotted inside border
Button is selected.
Button combined with arrow-down symbol
Signifies a multi-select button.
Placing the mouse pointer over an icon or button displays a short description of its
function and its keyboard shortcut (if available).
Basic Software Functionalities
91
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software
1.2
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software
Follow the steps below to start and log onto the LightCycler® 480 Software.
Run the LightCycler® 480 Software at a screen solution of 1280 × 1024 pixels or higher. Note that the software will run under a screen resolution as low as 1024 × 768.
However, some software features will be restricted at this lower resolution (for example, some buttons will overlap).
To start the LightCycler® 480 Software:
D
�
Double-click the LightCycler® 480 Software icon
�
In the Login dialog box, type your user name and password.
�
In the Log on to field, the last database selected on this computer is displayed by
default.
on the desktop.
The initial password for the admin user is LightCycler480.
If several databases are available and you want to log on to a different database
than the one displayed in the ‘Log on to’ field, select the Options button. The
Login dialog box expands to show a selection list of all available databases.
Select a database from the list..
►►►
92
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software
�
Click
1
to proceed with the login.
The application now displays the LightCycler® 480 Software Overview window containing the Status bar at the top, the Experiment Creation and Tasks area on the right,
and the Global action bar on the extreme right.
Starting from the Overview window, you can
►► create a new experiment
►► create a new experiment from a macro or a template
►► open an existing object
►► switch to other software modules such as the Navigator or the Tools section.
■
D
Area
Function
Status bar
Information about the currently active object.
Switch between open objects by selecting them in the Window list.
When you start the software, this list will only contain the Overview
window. Names of active software windows are then added during
operation.
Experiment
Creation
Click one of the buttons to create a new experiment and launch the
Run module. For more information on using the Run m
­ odule, see
section Programming an Experiment.
Choose the plate type if you are using mixed plates (clear and
white plates alternatively). For more information on choosing the
plate type see section Instruments.
Tasks
Click Open Existing Object to open an object which already exists
in the database.
Global
action bar
Availability of the buttons in the Global action bar depends on the
active window currently opened. For more information, see section
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window.
Message
Area
The Message area displays status messages, errors and warnings.
Basic Software Functionalities
93
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window
1.3
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software
Main Window
The figure below illustrates the LightCycler® 480 Software main window (as an ­example, an
Absolute Quantification Analysis window is shown, but the following ­description applies to
all windows). The main window contains the following areas, which are described below:
►► Status bar
►► Module bar
►► Global action bar
►► Editor frame
►► Message area
D
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window
1
Status Bar
This area displays information about the currently active object and allows you to select
an object to view from a list of currently open objects.
Field
Function
Instrument
Displays name and status of the connected instrument.
The following instrument states are possible: Not Connected,
­Connected, Initializing, Standby (MWP loaded), Standby (no MWP),
Running, and Error.
Window
Displays a pull-down menu listing all currently open windows.
Use the menu to switch between windows.
Database
Displays the name and type of the database to which you are connected.
User
Displays the name of the user who is currently logged on to the database.
D
Basic Software Functionalities
95
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window
Global Action Bar
The Global action bar displayed on the right side of the screen contains buttons used
for general software functions. Their availability depends on the active window currently
opened. The following actions are connected to these buttons:
Button
Function
Exit: Clicking this button exits the application.
Log Off: Clicking this button automatically logs you off the current database
and lets you log onto another database.
Clicking this button switches the view to the Overview window.
Clicking this button displays the Navigator window.
The Navigator is described in detail in section Selection and Navigation
Features.
Save: Clicking this button saves changes applied to the currently opened
object.
Export: Clicking this button exports the currently opened object to a file.
Export is described in detail in section Exporting and Importing.
Close: Clicking this button closes the selected object.
D
Print: Clicking this button prints the currently viewable screen.
Tools: Clicking this button opens the Tools window, where you can change
your password, create and edit users, groups and roles, edit the system
settings, view the database status and the Error Log, manage instrument
information, view the instrument self test, and define your filter combination
selection.
The Tools dialog is described in detail in section Administrative Tools.
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window
1
Module Bar
The Module bar, displayed on the left side of the screen, has six permanent buttons. The
following actions are connected to these buttons:
Button
Function
Clicking this icon opens the Run module, which includes the details of the
experiment protocol, charts of experiment data, and notes entered by the
person running the experiment.
How to program and run an experiment is explained in detail in section
Programming and Running an Experiment.
Clicking this icon opens the Subset Editor, which allows you to group
samples into subsets for analysis and for reports.
How to create and edit subsets is explained in detail in section
Working with Subsets.
Clicking this icon opens the Sample Editor, which is used to define sample
information needed for the experiment.
How to enter and edit sample information is explained in detail in section
Entering Sample Information.
Clicking this icon opens the Analysis module. If no analysis is yet opened,
this will bring you to the Analyses Overview window. Here you can either
create new analyses or open already existing ones. Each newly created
analysis for an experiment is added to the list of analyses and can be
selected in the corresponding drop-down list displayed in the Analysis
module. If an analysis is already open, the corresponding window will be
brought to the front.
Clicking this icon opens the Report module which allows you to define the
content of a report and to view and print the report.
You must first save an experiment before this button becomes active.
Clicking this button opens the Summary module of the experiment. This
module contains information about the experiment (such as name, date,
and owner as well as the filter combinations), displays the change log, and
lets you save an experiment as a macro.
Basic Software Functionalities
D
97
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window
To use the Module bar:
Click an icon to open the related experiment module. Placing the mouse pointer over an
icon displays a short description of the icon function.
Editor Frame
The frame is the central area where the modules are displayed. The Editor frame may
contain several sections (see the figure below as an example) that can be resized
on the border
individu­ally. You can resize a section by dragging the splitter bar
between two sections to hide or show the section. The arrows on the splitter bar indicate
which area of the Editor frame will be affected. Clicking a splitter bar will hide the corre­
sponding area.
D
Resizing Window Sections
To hide or display a section:
►► Click the splitter bar
on the border.
►► Click the splitter bar again to redisplay the section.
To resize an area:
►► Place the cursor over the section border until the cursor changes to a double-pointed
arrow.
►► Click and drag the border to the location you want.
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window
1
Action Button Area
The Action button area displays buttons unique to the currently active window which are
used to perform actions on that window. Action buttons vary with the active window
you currently have opened (e.g., the Action button area displayed below is unique for the
Navigator window.)
Message Area
The Message area displays status messages, errors and warnings.
The Message area consists of the following parts:
►► Alarm icon on the left
the alert:
. The color of this icon changes depending on the severity of
►► Grey = normal information
►► Yellow = warning
►► Red = alarm condition
►► Text field in the middle. The text field displays messages, including the type, date and
time of message and the message text.
►► Right-click a message entry to open the corresponding context menu.
►► Select Show log in the context menu to display the log file and open the Error Log
tool. For detailed information on the Error Log tool see section Error Log.
►► Select Clear selected Messages to delete the selected messages from the Message
area.
D
►► Select Clear Messages to delete all messages from the Message area.
►► Double-click a message entry or select Details in the context menu to display
detailed information.
►► Open About box button . Clicking this button opens the program’s About box, which
contains shortcuts to the LightCycler® 480 manuals in the installation folder and displays the software version and copyright information about the software.
Basic Software Functionalities
99
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Selection and Navigation Features
1.4
Selection and Navigation Features
This section describes the object selection, navigation, and query elements of the
LightCycler® 480 Software:
►► Navigator
►► Query
►► Sample Selector and Sample Table
1.4.1
The Navigator
The Navigator window provides access to items stored in the LightCycler® 480 database.
Items include experiments, user accounts, instrument, macros, etc. The Navigator allows
you to open experiments and related items (such as preferences, macros, special data) as
discrete objects. All items in the Navigator are organized in folders in a tree-like structure
(similar to Windows Explorer) and are sorted alphabetically within their folders. You can
expand and contract folder views and highlight the object you want to select. In addition,
you can use the Query tab to search for specific LightCycler® 480 Software objects in the
database by entering search parameters.
The Navigator window is structured into four areas:
►► Tree pane
►► Object summary pane
►► Navigator controls
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100
►► Query tab
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Selection and Navigation Features
1
Tree Pane
The Navigator Tree pane displays a hierarchical tree view of the objects stored in the currently active database. The top object in the tree is always “Root”. The tree is used in a
similar manner as for Windows Explorer.
The Navigator Tree pane always includes the following default folders and objects:
►► User folders (including the System Admin folder and folders for each user account).
Each user folder contains default subfolders, such as a folder for experiments.
►► Roche folder that contains experiments, templates, and macros from Roche that can be
used by anyone with access to LightCycler® 480 Software.
The Roche folder contains some useful standard objects:
►► Demo experiments in the Experiments subfolder.
►► Demo run templates in the Templates subfolder including predefined subsets in
the Subsets subfolder. The run templates folder contains templates for use with the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I or LightCycler® 480 Instrument II.
►► Color Compensation objects including the universal Color Compensation objects,
and a demo melt object for Endpoint Genotyping analysis in the Special Data
folder.
To modify a Roche object, you must first create a copy by exporting and importing it to
your own user folder.
►► Administration folder that contains objects for user groups, user roles, user accounts,
and security policies.
To show or hide items under a folder, double-click the folder name or click the plus (+) or
minus (–) sign next to the folder. Right-clicking an object in the Tree pane opens a context
menu with the actions currently available for the object. For more information on the
actions see section Navigator Controls.
The Navigator is similar, but not identical to the Windows Explorer of your com­puter.
The Navigator displays data that are stored in a database not in the Windows file
system.
D
Summary Pane
The Navigator Object Summary pane displays experiment summary data if the currently
selected object is an experiment or a macro.
Basic Software Functionalities
101
1
Overview of LightCycler® 480 Software
Selection and Navigation Features
Navigator Controls
In combination with the Tree pane, the Navigator control buttons allow you to work with
objects in the database and to import and export objects.
The availability of the Navigator control buttons depends on your user role and on the
database you have logged onto. A research database allows experiments and experiment-related objects to be renamed, deleted or copied. With a traceable database this
is not allowed. But it is possible to rename and delete templates and empty folders.
Button
Function
Clicking this button opens a dialog that allows you to save an
experiment object together with an event log of the instrument and
(optional) descriptive user notes in one Problem Report file (*.ipr).
This file can then be sent to the Technical Services Department
of Roche Applied Science for troubleshooting purposes. For more
information, see section Diagnostic Tools.
Clicking this button opens a standard Windows file browser that
allows you to select the type of data files to be imported and the
location from which they are to be imported.
The following file types are supported:
►► ATF files: “ATF” is an abbreviation for a set of files, including .abt
(program and sample data), .tem (temperature data), and .flo
(fluorescence data) files. All three types of the files are needed
for each experiment. (ATF files originate from LightCycler® Software Version 3.5.3 or lower.)
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►► Object files: XML (Extensible Markup Language, *.ixo) object
files
Clicking this button opens a standard Windows file browser that
allows you to select the location to which the object data is to be
exported and to name the exported object.
Object data can be exported as an .ixo file of the selected
object (which exports both the experiment and recorded
instrument-related information) or in XML format as a Summary
XML file.
Clicking this button opens the Batch Import wizard, which lets you
import all experiment files in a directory at one time. For more information about batch import, see section Exporting and Importing.
Clicking this button opens the Batch Export wizard, which lets you
export all object files in a directory at one time. For more information about batch export, see section Exporting and Importing.
Clicking this button opens the Result Batch Export wizard, which lets
you export all analysis results from experiments in a group of folders and all its subfolders. For more information about batch result
export, see section Exporting and Importing.
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Button
1
Function
Clicking this button opens the Create New Object dialog
containing icons for each object type you can create. The icons
displayed depend on the user’s role.
You can either double-click an icon to create a new instance of the
selected icon, or select the icon and click
.
The option Rich Text Formatted document allows you to make
notes and save them in the LightCycler® 480 database.
Clicking this button creates a new folder object under the currently
selected folder in the tree.
Clicking this button opens the selected object in the Editor frame.
Clicking this button activates the object name in the tree so you can
edit the name.
Clicking this button deletes the selected object (i.e., removes the
object from the database).
Clicking this button creates a copy of the selected object.
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You can copy an item from another user’s folder into your own
folder or subfolder. (However, your user role may limit which other
users’ folders are visible to you.) Once the item is in your own folder,
it becomes your item and you can modify it as necessary (subject to
the limitations of your user role).
To copy items from another user’s folder:
►► Select the item you want to copy in the Navigator, and click
Copy. The Copy Object dialog opens.
►► Select a target folder, enter a new name for the item if you wish,
and click
.
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1.4.2
The Query Tab
LightCycler® 480 Software includes a query tool you can use to retrieve experiments and
other objects stored in the LightCycler® 480 Software database. The query tool is accessible via the Navigator in form of the Query tab.
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To create and execute a query:
�
Select the Query tab in the Navigator window.
�
In the Object Type box, select the type of object to be retrieved:
�
(Optional) Enter the name of the item to be retrieved or the owner of the item, if
known.
You may use the wildcard ”*“ to search for any character string.
►►►
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�
1
Select Modification Date or Creation Date to specify which date you want to use in the
query.
The Modification Date and the Creation Date choices are mutually exclusive (i.e.,
you can search for one or the other, but not both).
Select a date range for the search. You can specify the number of months or days
before the current date or you can select a beginning and ending date in the past.
�
For any possible object type, you can also select a target folder from the Folders tab.
Check the Scan Sub-folders box to include all subfolders within a directory in the
search:
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►►►
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�
For some object types, additional search options can be selected from the Options tab:
Object Type
Search Options
Experiment
Analysis
The list of available analysis types depends on the installed
LightCycler® 480 Software modules.
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Color Comp/
Std. Curve
You can search for a CC object according to the instrument
that created it.
►►►
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�
1
Click the Search button. Results are displayed in the pane to the right of the search
criteria.
The results include the following:
►► Object name
►► Object type
►► Date the object was created
►► Date the object was last modified
You can sort the result list in ascending or descending order by clicking the corresponding column head. If you select an object in the list, the full path to the object is
displayed in the Status bar at the bottom of the Results pane. If the selected object is
an experiment or a macro, a summary of object information is displayed in the Object
Summary pane.
�
If an error message is displayed stating that the query engine needs to be
updated, you must update the database. If you have Local Administrator privileges, see “Updating the database” in section Administrative Tools for instructions.
Otherwise, see your system administrator.
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To open an object, double-click the object name.
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1.4.3
Sample Selector
The Sample Selector and the Sample Table are displayed in many windows (e.g., most
windows connected to analyses) in the LightCycler® 480 Software. The Sample ­Selector
includes a multiwell plate (MWP) image with selectable wells and a legend showing selectable sample groups where required. The MWP image can be used to select samples, or as
a visual display. When used to select samples, it may appear with or without the legend
and may also appear with or without a Sample Table. For more information on the Sample
Table see the f­ ollowing section.
The interfaces that use these elements are:
Interface
Components of the Sample Selector
Data Display tab in the
Run module
MWP image
Subset Editor
MWP image
Report module
MWP image
Sample Editor
MWP image with Legend and Legend Property Selector
Analysis screens
MWP image with Legend, Legend Property Selector and
Sample Table
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Selecting and Deselecting Samples
Samples in the MWP image can be enabled or disabled by choosing a subset in the Subset
combo box. A disabled sample is colored dark gray, exhibits no response when clicked, and
shows no information. Samples in the MWP that do not belong to the subset chosen for
analysis are disabled by default and cannot be changed. Which sample groups are available
in the legends depends on the analysis type.
When enabled, a sample may be either selected or deselected. A selected sample is displayed as a pressed button with a white background. A button for a deselected sample is
displayed as not pressed with a light blue background. Only selected samples are displayed
in the Results table and on the corresponding analysis chart.
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1
You can set the selection status of enabled samples in the MWP image as follows:
►► Click a sample to select it.
Press the <Ctrl> key and click a selected sample to deselect it.
►► If the MWP image and the Subset combo box are used together, selecting a subset
enables only the samples in the subset and automatically selects them.
►► Click and drag on a deselected well to select all wells in the drag region.
Press the <Ctrl> key and click and drag on a selected well to deselect all wells in the
drag region.
►► Click row or column headers to select the corresponding rows or columns.
Press the <Ctrl> key and click row or column headers to deselect the corresponding
rows or columns.
The display of the sample table corresponds to the selection of rows or columns in the
sample selector.
►► Click the square in the upper left corner of the MWP image to toggle the selection
status of the entire plate.
►► If a legend is included in the Sample Selector you can use the Legend Property Selector to
select which legend options are displayed. The options provided in the Legend ­Property
Selector combo box depend on the context.
►► Click a colored icon in the legend to toggle the selection status of the corresponding
wells.
Selection of the legend icons is synchronized with the selection in the MWP image. A
legend icon appears selected if all members of the group are selected in the MWP
image. It will not appear selected if any group member is not checked.
►► Double-click a legend icon to select all items in the corresponding group and
deselect all items not in the group.
►► To add wells to or remove them from a selection, press the <Ctrl> key and click a well,
row or column or click and drag a rectangle.
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Scrolling the MWP Image
The MWP image contains horizontal and vertical scroll bars to allow you to scroll and
see any part of the image. When you are scrolling, the column and row headers remain
fixed.
Zooming in and out
You have several possibilities for zooming in on or out of the MWP image:
►► With the zoom buttons
►► With the slider bars
►► Manually setting the zoom by dragging the margins of a column or row
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The MWP image provides the following zoom buttons:
Button
Function
Clicking this button displays the complete plate with each well as large as
possible.
Clicking this button displays the selected wells with each well as large as
possible.
Clicking this button displays the wells large enough so that all text in a well
is visible.
The MWP image provides two slider bars for zooming in a horizontal or vertical direction:
►► With the horizontal slider at the rightmost position (minimum zoom) the MWP
image displays a single column.
►► With the horizontal slider at the leftmost position (maximum zoom) the MWP image
displays all columns.
►► With the vertical slider at the topmost position (maximum zoom) the MWP image
displays a single row.
►► With the vertical slider at the bottommost position (minimum zoom) the MWP image
displays all rows.
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As well as zooming with the buttons or sliders, you can manually set the horizontal or
vertical zoom by dragging the right margin of a column or the bottom margin of a row.
The new size of all columns/rows is calculated from the selected column or row.
Printing the MWP Image
The MWP image provides a Print button that allows you to print the visible section of
the image.
The print is scaled to a single page.
Information Provided in the MWP Image
Depending on the context the MWP image can display the following information:
►► Each well contains a color icon for the legend property.
►► The legend color icon of each well displays a tool tip containing the sample information fields that are visible in the MWP image. Whether or not these fields have labels
depends on the context.
►► If the MWP image is zoomed large enough so that all text in a well is visible,
►► the image displays the legend property to the right of the color icon as the first row
of information.
►► subsequent rows may or may not contain a color icon. If they contain an icon there
is no legend for the subsequent icons.
►► the information in subsequent rows of each cell is defined by the context.
The information displayed in the cells of the MWP image cannot be edited.
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1.4.4
1
Sample Table
The Sample Selector and the Sample Table are displayed on many windows (e.g., most
windows connected to analyses) in the LightCycler® 480 Software and are used to select
the samples to be displayed in the corresponding analysis charts or to include or exclude
samples from analysis. For more information on the Sample Selector see the previous section.
The Sample Table displays the well coordinates of the samples in the MWP image and the
color which represents a sample in the analysis charts (defined by the sample ­preferences).
Use the Sample Table to select samples for display in an analysis chart or to include/
exclude a sample from analysis.
The sample color in the Sample Table always refers to the color in a chart or data display, and to the color in the MWP image.
Only samples that are enabled and selected in the Sample Selector are displayed in the
Sample Table. Other information (in additional columns) may be added to a Sample Table
according to the context of the screen (e.g., results such as Cp and concentration for quantification analyses). If there are more samples than can be displayed, a scroll bar is added.
Selecting or Deselecting Samples
You can select one or all of the samples in the Sample Table for display in an analysis
chart, but you cannot change any of the information displayed. Selected samples are highlighted.
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To add or remove samples from the selection in the Sample Table, use the standard windows shift-click and ctrl-click features.
Including or Excluding Samples
Further, samples can be included into or excluded from analysis. To include a sample,
mark the Include box in the left table column. Status of the Include box is changed by
double-clicking or by pressing the <Space> key. Using the Include option, you can, for
instance, decide which standards are used to calculate the standard curve in Absolute
Quantification analysis.
After you have changed the include status of a sample, you must always recalculate the
analysis.
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Sorting the Sample Table
You can sort the Sample Table by clicking the header of a column. Clicking the header
several times toggles the sort order between descending and ascending.
To sort the table by well position – either MWP column-wise or row-wise – click the
header of the Pos column.
Exporting Sample Information
You can export the Sample Table data as a tab-delimited text file for further use in common spreadsheet programs (e.g., Microsoft Excel). To export the Sample Table data, rightclick the table area and select Export Table. A file selection dialog opens. Enter a file name
and click Save. The exported file contains a header line with experiment name and filter
combination.
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1.5
1
Exporting and Importing
To view experiment information in LightCycler® 480 Software, the experiment file must
be stored in a LightCycler® 480 Software database or imported from a hard drive or other
data carriers. Experiments and other files can be imported and viewed without saving.
You can change settings and calculate analyses without saving the file in the database.
When closing the files without saving, changes are discarded.
Importing a file does not remove it from the original location; it copies the file into the
database so you can view the information in LightCycler® 480 Software. For example, you
need to import files in these cases:
►► If you want to move a LightCycler® 480 Software experiment file from one database
to another; you must export the file from the first database to a new location, such as
your hard drive, and import the file into the second database.
►► If you want to view and analyze experiment files from LightCycler® Software 4.x.
Importing Files
Using the Import Navigator control button, you can import the following:
►► ATF: Experiment file from LightCycler® Software 3.5.3 or previous versions; you can
import all the FLO files from an entire directory at one time using the batch import
tool, described below. (Importing FLO files automatically imports the corresponding
ABT and TEM files.)
Raw data imported from ATF files will be associated with the “ATF” detection format.
This format will be mapped to one excitation (470) and six emission filters (defined as
530, 555, 610, 640, 670, and 710). If the imported raw data was generated using the
continuous mode setting, no conversion will be performed. The ‘acquisition per °C’
will be set to a fixed value of “5”. Other mode settings will be ignored.
►► IXO: Experiment file from LightCycler® 480 Software and LightCycler® Software 4.x;
you can import all the IXO files from an entire directory at one time using the batch
import tool, described below.
When importing IXO files from LightCycler® Software 4.x, only raw data are imported into the LightCycler® 480 database. Any other objects included in the IXO file
(e.g., analyses) are not imported.
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IXO files that do not have checksums will not be imported and an error message will
be generated.
For imported experiments, an “Imported Samples” subset is generated automatically.
Exporting Objects and Experiment Raw Data
To store objects outside the LightCycler® 480 Software database or to transfer objects
between databases, you must export the LightCycler® 480 Software files. Exporting a file
does not remove the object from the database, but instead copies the file and stores it at
the location you designate. The exported file has an .ixo file extension. You can also export
any object in XML format as a Summary XML file.
IXO files exported from LightCycler® 480 Software cannot be imported into
LightCycler® Software 4.x.
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Exporting and Importing
You can export the following objects:
►► User default preferences and user preferences for charts and samples
►► LightCycler® 480 experiments
►► Standard melting curve
►► Standard curve object
►► Templates
►► Macros
►► Color Compensation objects
►► LightCycler® 480 Instrument Error and Operation logs. For more information see
section Diagnostic Tools.
For experiments you can also export the raw data in tab-delimited text format
(Experiment Text File), see below.
The Experiment Text File
The Experiment Text file format is tab-delimited. It includes two header lines:
►► The first header line contains the experiment name.
►► The second header line contains column headers.
The data file contains the following information:
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►► Sample position
►► Sample name
►► Program number
►► Segment number
►► Cycle number
►► Acquisition time
►► Acquisition temperature
►► Fluorescence data for each channel
All fluorescence data in the Experiment Text export files are the data that are currently displayed in the charts in the software, i.e., scaled by integration time and reference value.
Read the sections below to learn how to import and export
►► LightCycler® 480 files individually, see sections Exporting Individual LightCycler® 480
Software Objects and Experiment Raw Data and Importing Individual Files.
►► LightCycler® 480 files by directory (batch import or export), see sections Exporting
Multiple Files Simultaneously and Importing Multiple Files Simultaneously.
Exporting Analysis Results
As well as exporting objects, you can export analysis results from experiments in a group
of folders and all its subfolders by using the analysis batch result wizard. For more information see section Exporting Analysis Results.
Exporting Charts and Tables
As well as exporting objects, you can export data from charts and tables. For more information see sections Working with Charts and Working with Tables.
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Exporting Individual LightCycler® 480 Software Objects and
Experiment Raw Data
1.5.1
Individual LightCycler® 480 Software objects or experiment raw data can be exported both
from the Navigator or when opened in the LightCycler® 480 Software main window.
�
Use one of the following options to export a LightCycler® 480 Software object:
►► Select it in the Navigator
►► Open it in the main window
�
►► When working in the Navigator, click the
►► When working on the main window, click the
button.
button.
�
The Windows file selection dialog opens. Browse to select a file destination.
�
From the Save as type drop-down list, select your preferred export file format (*.ixo,
*.txt, or *.xml):
�
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If you change the format from *.ixo to *.txt, or *.xml, the file cannot be re-imported into the LightCycler® 480 Software.
Enter a file name, and click Save. By default, the name of the experiment is used as
file name.
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1.5.2
Exporting Multiple Files Simultaneously
LightCycler® 480 Software includes a batch export tool that lets you export all
files in a directory at one time. Follow the instructions below to export a directory of
files.
Batch export is only possible from the Navigator.
Batch export is performed using a wizard. You can move from a wizard step to the
previous or next step by clicking the corresponding button. Note that the Next button
will only be available when you have provided the settings required for the current
tab.
�
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�
Click the Batch Export Navigator control button. The Batch Export wizard opens.
On the Select Folders tab of the wizard, select a source folder in the Available Folders
list on the left. Click
to add the source folder to the Selected Folders list on the
right. To remove a selected Folder from the Selected Folders list click
. Check the
Scan Sub-folders option to include all subfolders within the source directory.
On the Target tab, select a destination directory. Click the Browse button to browse
for a destination folder. Alternatively, type the path of the destination directory directly
into the input field. If the specified directory does not exist yet, check the box beneath
the input field to create it.
►►►
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Exporting and Importing
�
1
On the Options tab, you can set various export options.
►► Select the types of objects to export from the folder:
You can either export all object types at once (by default all object types are selected) or select specific object types (by activating/deactivating the corresponding checkbox in the Types of objects list).
You can define the Export File type as appropriate for the respective object type.
Each object type has its own selection menu from which you can choose the
export file type. By default the objects are exported in .ixo file format.
►► Limit the set of objects being exported to those with a certain creation date or
modified date. The date range may be specified as one of the following
►► All
►► In the last n months
►► In the last n days
►► From a begin date to an end date specified by the user
►► Specify the action to take if a file already exists with the same name as an object
being exported. The possible actions are as follows:
►► Do not export
►► Replace an existing file after confirmation by the user
►► Save as a new file by appending a number to the file name
►► Specify whether objects should be deleted after successful export.
►► Specify whether empty folders should be deleted.
The last two options are only available if you are working with a research
database.
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►►►
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�
On the Start tab, you can review your settings and start the export process.
The Reset button on the Start tab is active only after an export is complete.
Clicking the Reset button resets the results of the previous export so the export
can be repeated.
�
On the Status tab, you can view the status of the export process. While the export is
in progress, the Stop button is active. You can abort the export by clicking the Stop
button.
�
The Done tab displays a summary of the batch export. Click the Done button to close
the wizard.
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1.5.3
�
1
Importing Individual Files
From the Navigator controls select Import, and select the type of file you want to
import:
►► For LightCycler® Software 3.5.3 files (FLO, ABT, TEM files), select ATF Files
►► For LightCycler® 480 or LightCycler® Software 4.x files, select Object .ixo Files
�
Find and select the file you want, and click Open. The file is imported and is opened in
the main window.
�
To select multiple files, press the <Ctrl> key while clicking the file names.
To save the imported file as an object in the current LightCycler® 480 database, click
the Save button. Navigate to a location in the database to save the object and enter a
new object name, and click
.
If you import a LightCycler® Software 4.x experiment which uses color
compensation you must import the respective Color Compensation experiment
separately and create a new Color Compensation object.
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Exporting and Importing
1.5.4
Importing Multiple Files Simultaneously
LightCycler® 480 Software includes a batch import tool that lets you import all experiment files in a directory at one time.
For batch import of LightCycler® Software 3.5.3 (ATF) files, the directory must contain the corresponding ABT and TEM file for each FLO file or the FLO file cannot be
imported.
Batch import is only possible from the Navigator.
Batch import is performed using a wizard. You can move from a wizard step to the
previous or next step by clicking the corresponding button. Note that the Next button
will only be available when you have provided the settings required for tab.
Follow the instructions below to import a directory of experiment files and to repeat an
import if necessary.
�
From the Navigator controls select Batch Import. The Batch Import wizard opens.
On the Source tab of the wizard, select a source folder on a data carrier. To add
source directories to the list, click the Add button. Check the Include sub-directories
box to include all subfolders within the source directory. Click Remove to delete the
directory entry from the list.
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►►►
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Exporting and Importing
�
On the Target tab, select a destination directory in the currently open database using
the location selector.
�
On the Start tab, you can set various import options and start the import process.
1
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The following options are available:
►► Choose whether to import ATF or IXO files (or any combination) from the directories.
►► Specify the action to take if a file already exists with the same name as an object
being exported. The possible actions are:
►► Do not import
►► Replace an existing file after confirmation by the user
►► Change the name before import by appending a number to the file name
►► Open the file but do not save it. The file may be saved manually.
The action Replace an existing file after confirmation by the user is only active if
you are working with a research database.
►► Choose whether objects should be automatically converted to supported types.
►► Click the Next button to start the import process.
The Reset button on the Start tab is active only after an import is complete.
Clicking the Reset button resets the results of the previous import so the import
can be repeated or is aborted.
►►►
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�
On the Status tab, you can view the status of the import process. While the import is
in progress, the Stop button is active. You can abort the import by clicking the Stop
button.
�
The Done tab displays a summary of the batch import. Click the Done button to close
the wizard.
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Programming and Running an Experiment
Programming an Experiment
2
2
Programming and Running an Experiment
LightCycler® 480 Software controls the LightCycler® 480 Instrument using information
provided in the experiment protocol. During an experiment run, the protocol defines the
target temperatures and hold times of the thermal block cycler, the number of cycles being
executed as well as other parameters. As the experiment progresses, the software gathers
temperature and fluorescence data from the instrument and displays it on the Data tab.
At the end of a run the experiment is saved automatically.
This section explains how to perform the following:
►► Program an experiment
►► Run an experiment
►► Enter sample information
2.1
Programming an Experiment
Programming an experiment consists of defining the cycles of heating and cooling to be
performed by the thermal block cycler of the instrument and providing general setup
information. For you to be able to create an experiment protocol, your user account must
have the Expert User or Local Administrator role. For more information about privileges
associated with each user role, see section Managing User Access.
You can program an experiment only if an instrument is installed in the ­LightCycler®
480 Software. To allow programming in offline mode, LightCycler® 480 Software offers four virtual LightCycler® 480 Instruments (for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I
or ­LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, in either 96 or 384 ver­sion). If you should need to
program an experiment while not being connected to a real instrument, select one of
the virtual instruments on the Instruments dialog and set it as the default. (For details
on how to install an instrument into LightCycler® 480 Software, see section Administrative Tools. An instrument does not need to be connected for you to be able to program an experiment.)
PCR protocols that you have established on the LightCycler® Carousel-Based System
(LightCycler® 1.5 and 2.0 Instruments) can be transferred directly to the LightCycler®
480 Instrument with the following restrictions:
►► Do not use hold times of 0 seconds!
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►► Hold times below 10 seconds should be tested parameter specifically.
PCR parameters that you have established for other block cycler-based real-time
PCR instruments or conventional block cycler PCR can usually be used without any
modification.
Note: There is optimization potential by reducing the hold times and increasing the
temperature ramp rates.
Follow the general steps below to program an experiment. Detailed information for each
step follows the general procedure.
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To program a new experiment:
�
Choose one of the following options for the first step:
►► Click New Experiment in the Experiment Creation area of the Overview window.
►► Click New Experiment from Template in the Experiment Creation area of the
­Overview window. In the Create Experiment from Template window select the
­appropriate Run templates. You can also use Subset and Sample Editor templates.
After selecting the templates, click
. For detailed information on using templates see section Working with Templates and Macros.
►► Click New Experiment from Macro in the Experiment Creation area of the O
­ verview
window. In the Create Experiment from Macro window select the a­ ppropriate
macro and click
. For detailed information on using macros see section Working with Templates and Macros.
►► Switch to the Navigator
­
window and click New. Select the icon for a new
­LightCycler® 480 I­nstrument experiment and click
.
�
In the Setup area of the Run Protocol tab, you specify the following setup parameters:
Detection Format
Block Size (determined by active instrument, display only)
Plate ID (optional)
Reaction Volume
Color Comp ID (optional)
Lot No (optional)
D
Test ID (optional)
�
Choose a Detection Format from the pull-down list and modify the settings for the
available detection formats using the Customize option, if needed. For more information, see section Setting Detection Formats.
�
Enter a PCR multiwell plate identifier into the Plate ID field, either manually or using
a handheld bar-code scanner. If you have activated the Bar-Code Module the Plate
ID is scanned automatically by the built-in bar-code scanner of the LightCycler® 480
Instrument during loading of the multiwell plate.
If you have entered a Plate ID manually into the Plate ID field and the internal
bar-code scanner reads a different bar code from the multiwell plate, the software prompts you to overwrite the Plate ID at the start of the run. If you answer
with No, the experiment will not start.
You can enable or disable the internal bar-code scanner in the Instrument window. For details see section Instruments.
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�
Select a Reaction Volume in µl. The possible range of reaction volume depends on the
type of block cycler installed:
►► 96-well thermal block cycler: 10 − 100 µl
►► 384-well thermal block cycler: 5 − 20 µl
�
It is possible to use a sample volume as small as 3 µl. However, this volume is
not recommended due to the risk of evaporation and subsequent failure of the
experiment. If you want to use a sample volume <5 µl, take care to ensure that
no evaporation of the reaction mix occurs (e.g., by overlaying it with mineral
oil). For the 384-well plate the volume setting does not have any impact on
the heating or cooling of the reaction, but on the area of optical read-out: the
integration radius for the measurement is adapted according the reaction volume
setting made on the Run Protocol tab. As a result, a wrong setting may cause a
suboptimal signal-to-noise ratio, but never a complete failure. For the 96-well
plate, a big difference between specified volume and actual volume will have a
significant impact on the instrument-controlled temperature regulation and thus
may impair the experimental results.
The three following actions are optional. Be aware that entering a Color Comp
ID restricts the subsequent application of Color Compensation objects to those
objects with identical Color Comp ID.
You can edit these three values at any time before, during, or after the run.
►► In the Color Comp ID field enter a Color Compensation ID to identify the Color
Compensation object you are using for this experiment.
►► In the Lot No field enter a Lot ID number to identify the reagent batch used for the
experiment.
►► In the Test ID field enter the Test ID number to identify the reagents used for the
experiment.
�
In the Programs and Temperature Targets section, click
to add as many additional
programs or temperature targets as needed for the protocol (the first program is
always provided by default). For each program row, specify the Program Name,
Cycles, Analysis Mode, etc. (For more information, see section Defining Programs
and Temperature Targets.)
�
Alternatively, you can apply an experiment template as follows:
D
►► Click Apply Template to display the Apply Template dialog box.
►► Select a Template from the list, and click
.
The template settings are applied to the new experiment protocol. Modify setup
parameters, experiment programs and temperature targets as needed.
�
(Optional) In the Module bar, click Subset Editor to define sample subsets. For details,
see section Working with Subsets.
You are not required to define sample and subset information before the run.
You can define this information during or after a run if you wish.
►►►
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��
(Optional) In the Module bar, click Sample Editor to define sample information.
For a detailed description, see section Entering Sample Information.
��
Prepare the plate and load it into the instrument as described in section Operation.
��
Click Start Run.
��
The Save Experiment dialog is displayed. Enter a name for the experiment and select a
folder to save it.
The Start Run button is only available if a multiwell plate has been loaded.
If you are using a clear plate, a warning message indicates that the plate detection
sensor is switched off. For details see section Setting the Plate Type.
■
2.1.1
Setting Detection Formats
By setting the detection formats, you choose the filter combinations suitable for your
experiment.
The Detection Formats dialog box is displayed when you click Customize in the Setup
area of the Run Protocol tab. This dialog box allows you to modify the settings for the
­available detection formats. The modifications you enter here apply only to the current
experiment.
D
You cannot change or customize the detection format definition after the run has started. If you start a run with a detection format that is not suitable for your experiment,
the run is lost because no utilizable data will be generated.
To set the detection formats:
�
In the Setup area, select a detection format from the pull-down menu. For more
information about pre-defining detection formats, see section Administrative Tools.
�
To modify the settings for the available detection formats, click Customize.
The Detection Formats dialog box opens.
►►►
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�
Select an integration time mode:
►► Dynamic: No further input is required
In this mode, LightCycler® 480 Software uses the Melt and Quant Factor defined
for the filter combination to extrapolate the final fluorescence intensity based on
the initial value at the beginning of the reaction. The calculated final fluorescence
is used to set the optimum integration time. (For details, see section Administrative Tools.)
The maximum integration time used for Dynamic Mode in the Roche detection
formats is set to 1 sec (for hydrolysis probes) or 2 sec (for HybProbe and
SimpleProbe probes). This setting provides sufficient signal and a reasonable
measuring time. Hence, the total measurement time (for PCR and melting curve)
depends on the number of filter combinations and the detection format used in
an experiment (e.g., a 4-color hydrolysis probe assay requires maximally 4 sec
per measurement). If you use the Dynamic Mode, the time needed for the first
measurement is slightly extended (to 5 sec), because the software needs extra
calculation time to determine the maximum integration time based on the initial
signal.
►► Manual: Specify an integration time for each filter combination. The manual
integration time is specified in seconds, within the range of 0.01 to 10 seconds.
Integration time is defined as the acquisition time of the CCD camera.
�
�
Select the filter combinations for the selected detection format. By default all filter
combinations are selected; clear the checkbox to deselect a filter combination,
if needed.
For example, if you select the Multicolor HybProbe detection format, which
includes four filter combinations, but wish to run an experiment using Red 610and Red 640-labeled probes only, deselect the Fluos and Cy5 filter combination. Although it would not be detrimental to your experiment to use the default
settings, applying filter combinations that are not required will result in a longer
measuring time.
The Fluos filter combination in the Multicolor HybProbe detection format is only
required for a Color Compensation experiment.
Click to apply the selected filter combinations to your experiment.
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2
2.1.2
Defining Programs and Temperature Targets
Each experiment protocol has one or more programs. Each program can be executed for
multiple cycles. A program consists of one or more temperature targets. A temperature
target specifies the target temperature which is to be reached, the duration for which
the temperature is applied, the speed with which the temperature is reached, and other
parameters. You define programs and their temperature targets in the Run Protocol tab of
the Run module.
The example below includes four programs: Denat, PCR, Melt and Cooling. When the
PCR program (45 cycles) is selected in the Programs table, the temperatures appear auto­
matically in the PCR Temperature Targets table below.
D
To define programs and temperature targets:
�
In the Programs section of the Run Protocol tab, click
to add a new program.
A default program named “Program” is added, containing one default temperature
target.
You can add up to 99 programs.
►►►
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�
Edit the default values for the following program parameters, clicking the <Tab> key
on your keyboard to move from one column to the next. (If you make a mistake, click
to delete the program and start over.)
Parameter
Description/Instruction
Valid Values
Program Name
The name of the program. Click
in the Program Name box, and
enter a new name.
Any alphanumeric string.
Cycles
The number of times the pro
gram should be repeated. Enter
a value or select it by clicking
the up and down arrows.
1 — 99 cycles
Analysis Mode
The type of analysis expected
for this program (if any). Select
an analysis mode from the
pull-down list.
None: No analysis is
expected
The Analysis Mode
defines which parameters can be selected
under Temperature
Targets (e.g., if you
select Quantification it
is not possible to select
the Continuous Acquisition Mode.)
�
Quantification: A
quantification analysis
is expected
Melting curves: A
Melting Curve analysis
is expected
Color Compensation:
A Color Compensation
analysis is expected
In the Temperature Targets section, edit the default values for the following temperature parameters for the first temperature target.
Parameter
Description/Instructions
Valid Values
Target
The target temperature.
Enter a temperature.
37°C to 99°C, default is 95°C
For Melting Curve analysis:
20°C to 99°C
Acquisition
Mode
The frequency with which
fluorescence data is acquired.
Select an acquisition mode
from the pull-down list.
None: No fluorescence data
is acquired.
D
Single: Acquires fluorescence data once at the end
of this temperature segment
in each cycle This is the typical setting for quantification.
Continuous: Acquires fluorescence data continuously.
This is the typical setting for
a melting curve or a Color
Compensation analysis.
Hold
The length of time to hold
the target temperature in
hours:minutes:seconds format.
Enter a hold time.
00:00:01 — 12:00:00
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Parameter
Description/Instructions
Valid Values
Ramp Rate
(°C/s)
The rate at which the instrument heats up or cools down
to the target temperature.
Enter a ramp rate.
►► Heating up:
96-well block:
1.0 — 4.4°C/s
384-well block:
1.0 — 4.8°C/s
The maximum ramp rate
depends on the block
cycler type installed.
Acquisitions
(per °C)
The number of data measurements taken per °C. Only
available in the Continuous
acquisition mode.
To achieve a comparable number of data
points per °C in melting
curves regardless of the
number of filters to be
measured, the melting
ramp rate is defined as
“Acquisitions per °C”
and not as “°C
per sec”.
D
Sec Target
(°C)
Step Size (°C)
Step Delay
(cycles)
►► Cooling down:
96-well block:
1.0 — 2.2°C/s
384-well block:
1.0 — 2.5°C/s
1 to 100, default is 5
The optimal acquisition rate for Melting
Curve analysis has
to be determined
empirically for
each assay and can
range from 1 to 10
acquisitions/°C.
A second target temperature
to be reached by the last
cycle of the program. Use this
feature to change the target
temperature of a segment
during the amplification
reaction. Enter a temperature.
Default: 0°C (no second
target temperature)
The number of degrees to
change the temperature with
each cycle to reach the secondary target. Enter a step size.
Default: 0°C (no step)
The number of cycles after the
step size is applied for the first
time.
Default: 0 (begins with the
first cycle)
Valid range: 37°C — 99°C
Valid range: 0.1°C — 20°C
Valid range: 0 — 99
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Click
to add another temperature target to the current program, and enter parameter values. Repeat to define as many temperature targets as you need for the current
program.
�
You can add up to 99 temperature targets.
Repeat steps 1 — 4 to create additional programs and their temperature targets.
�
To reorder the programs or temperature targets, select the item you want to
move, and click the up
or down
arrow to move the item up or down in
the list. To delete an item, select the item, and click
.
View the Overview section to see a graphical representation of the complete experimental protocol you have defined. Use this chart to see whether the experiment
protocol reflects the time and temperature cycles you want and modify the programs
and temperature targets as needed.
�
Declaration of time is estimated.
�
Click
in the Global action bar to save the protocol. Navigate to a location to save
the protocol, enter a protocol name, and click
.
■
2.1.3
Customizing the Online Data Display
D
When the experiment runs, the data being collected are displayed in charts on the Data
tab of the Run module. Three chart types are available:
►► Fluorescence
History: Fluorescence for selected samples for a selected filter over time
►► Temperature History: Temperature and data acquisition points during the experiment
run
►► Exposure History: Integration time displayed versus acquisition number
You can change any of the type of existing charts and modify the display options.
You can customize the online data display while the experiment is running.
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To customize the online data display:
�
In the Run module, select the Data tab, and click
above the chart you
want to change. The chart’s options toolbar is displayed, containing a chart menu.
Fluorescence charts contain additional options.
�
To change the chart type, select the new chart type from the Chart menu:
►► Fluorescence History: Displays fluorescence versus time, cycles or temperature
►► Temperature History: Displays temperature versus time
►► Exposure History: Displays integration time versus acquisition number
�
To modify display options for the Fluorescence History chart:
Select the axis type (the type of data represented by the X axis), the filter combination,
and the program containing the data you want see. Additionally select or deselect
BaseLine subtraction.
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2.2
Running an Experiment
After you have defined setup parameters (programs and temperature targets) and the
online data charts, you are ready to run the LightCycler® 480 Instrument experiment.
To start an experiment run:
�
Prepare a LightCycler® 480 Instrument run as described in section Operation.
�
Load the plate into the LightCycler® 480 Instrument as described in section Operation.
�
Click Start Run on the Run Protocol or the Data tab.
You can only start an experiment run when an instrument is connected. The Start
Run button is only available if a multiwell plate has been loaded.
�
You are prompted to save the experiment. Enter an experiment name and browse to a
folder where you want to save the experiment.
If you close the dialog without saving the experiment, the run will not start.
�
A status bar on the Data tab indicates the progress of the running experiment.
�
As the experiment progresses, the Messages area displays messages indicating information, warnings and errors encountered during the run. Returned sample data is
displayed in the charts on the Data tab.
�
To view data for specific samples, select one or more samples in the Sample Editor or
Sample Table. If needed, you can modify chart settings during the experiment run. For
more information, see section Customizing the Online Data Display.
�
(Optional) You can apply a Color Compensation object after an experiment run. Use
the Color Comp multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on or off and to select
a Color Compensation object.
�
Color Comp (Off)
No Color Compensation object has been selected. Select
this if you do not want to use Color Compensation.
In Use
Allows you to select an object from the Selected Color
Compensations list. This list displays all selected (i.e.,
previously applied) Color Compensation objects. The
compensated filter combinations are displayed in brackets after each name.
In Database
Allows you to select an object from the Available Color
Compensations list. This list displays all available Color
Compensation objects. For each object, the list includes
the name, creation date, path and filter combinations
that can be compensated.
D
(Optional) To adjust or stop the program during the run:
►► Click End Program to stop the current program and skip to the next program in the
experiment protocol.
Performing this task ensures, that the data are complete and an analysis can be
performed.
►► Click + 10 Cycles to add 10 cycles to the current program.
Click Abort Run to stop the run. (The Abort Run button replaces the Start Run button
during the run.)
Performing this task results in incomplete data, no analysis can be performed.
►►►
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��
When the experiment is finished, a status message displays “Run complete”.
��
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar to open the Sample Editor, and complete sample
information, if necessary. For more information, see section Entering Sample Information.
You can enter or modify the sample information at any time before, during or
after the experiment is completed. We recommend that you enter the sample
information before running the experiment.
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134
During a run, temporary backup data for the current experiment is saved to the user’s
file system. If the run finishes and has saved the data in the database without an error,
these temporary backup data are deleted. If the connection between the applica­tion
and the instrument is temporarily interrupted, the software will download data automatically from the instrument after the connection is reestablished. The maxi­mum
length of a timeout is 7 minutes. If the timeout is exceeded, the run is
considered as prematurely terminated, and a warning is generated. If backup or instrument data exist, the data will be automatically recovered upon your next login or
start of a new run if a corresponding experiment is found by the software. If no corresponding exper­iment is found, the software prompts you to confirm the deletion of
the data.
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2
2.3
Entering Sample Information
Use the LightCycler® 480 Software Sample Editor to record information about the samples
in the experiment. You can enter sample information manually before, during or after an
experiment is completed. When creating a new experiment, Sample Editor data can also be
imported from tab-delimited text files.
Editable fields are displayed as white, and non-editable fields are displayed as pale
blue. Only entries that are not replicates may be edited.
Any sample designated as a replicate is automatically renamed “Repl. of S,” where “S”
is the sample name of the source sample. All information on the analysis tabs for a
replicate will duplicate that of the source sample.
2.3.1
Sample Editor Window
You open the Sample Editor window by clicking Sample Editor in the Module bar. By
default the Table View of the Sample Editor window is displayed.
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Clicking the Toggle View button in the action button area changes the display to the Plate
View.
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2.3.2
Sample Editor Action Bar
The Sample Editor action bar contains the following buttons:
Button
Function
Clicking Apply Template displays the Apply Template dialog box.
­Select a Template from the list and click
. The template settings
are applied to the new experiment protocol.
Clicking Save As Template displays the Template dialog box. Select
a location to save the template and enter a name in the Name field.
Click
.
Clicking Configure Properties opens the Configure Sample Editor
Properties dialog. Add or remove properties to/from the Table or
Plate View and click
. For more information see section Configuring Sample Editor Properties.
Clicking this button toggles between the Table and Plate View of the
Sample Editor.
Clicking Reset All resets all sample information to the default values
and resets any analysis-specific Sample Editor fields to their default
values.
Clicking Import opens the Sample information import dialog to
browse for an import data file. For detailed information see section
Importing and Exporting Sample Information.
Clicking Export opens a file selection dialog. Browse for a location
and enter a name for the export file. The Sample Editor data are
exported to a tab-delimited text file. For detailed information see
section Importing and Exporting Sample Information.
Each workflow contains a multi-select button Replicates with three
options:
►► Clicking Make Replicates creates a replicate group with the current selection, using the first sample as the master.
D
►► Clicking Auto Replicate creates replicates of all samples in the
selection that have all properties identical in all filter combinations.
►► Clicking Clear Replicates clears the Repl Of column for the selection. When a sample is cleared, it retains the attributes it has as
a replicate.
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2.3.3
Configuring Sample Editor Properties
The Configure Sample Editor Properties dialog allows you to customize the Sample Editor
window according to your needs.
►► You select the properties to be displayed in the Sample Table in Table View or the Well
Editor in Plate View.
►► You choose the order of the properties in Table or Plate View.
To configure the Sample Editor properties:
D
�
In the Sample Editor action bar click Configure Properties. The Configure Sample Editor
Properties dialog is displayed.
�
In the Available Properties list select or deselect the properties to be displayed in Table
View and/or Plate View. Selected properties are displayed in the corresponding Table
order or Well order list.
�
(Optional) Select a property in the Table order or Well order list and click the
button to change the order of the properties.
�
Click
to close the Configure Sample Editor Properties dialog. The properties are
displayed in the Table or Plate View according to your selection.
or
The property selection is saved with the experiment.
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2.3.4
Entering Sample Information
To enter sample information:
�
In the Module bar, click Sample Editor. The Sample Editor opens.
�
In the Workflow area select the workflow corresponding to the experiment you want to
create.
When a workflow is selected, the LightCycler® 480 software automatically reconfigures
the Table or Plate View. The corresponding properties are automatically added to the
Sample Table and the Well Editor. When changing the selected workflow, the Accelerator is reconfigured. The Table and Well Editor add all default properties of the new
workflow to the already displayed properties of the previous workflow, that means, no
properties will be removed..
�
Customize the Sample Editor window according to your needs:
►► Select the filter combination to be used in the experiment in the Select Filter
Combination area.
►► In the Subset box, select a predefined subset of samples to display, or select
All Samples to display all samples on the MWP. For more information on defining
subsets, see section Working with Subsets.
►► Click the toggle button in the Sample Editor action bar to toggle between Table
and Plate View.
►► In the Table View and the Plate View use the Legend Property Selector to select
which options are displayed in the Legend and in the Table View Well Editor or
the Plate View Well Editor. The options provided in the Legend Property Selector
depend on the workflow.
►► Click the Configure Properties button in the Sample Editor action bar to open the
Configure Sample Editor Properties dialog. Add or remove properties to/from the
Table or Plate View and click
. For more information see section Configuring
Sample Editor Properties.
�
Select the samples to edit in the Sample Selector. For information on selecting
samples see section Selecting and Deselecting Samples.
D
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�
Enter the general information for each sample. You can enter the data
►► in the Table View, see section Entering Data in Table View, or
►► in the Plate View, see section Entering Data in Plate View.
D
Properties
Description
Valid Values
Sample Name
The name of the sample
Alphanumeric characters;
spaces allowed (maximum
25 characters)
Repl Of
When the sample is a
replicate, the position number
of the original sample
The number of another
sample that is not specified as a replicate (you
cannot create a replicate
of a replicate). Enter the
position number, e.g., „A5“.
Subsets
Number of the subset to
which the sample belongs
Display only
Notes
Any additional information
about the sample
Alphanumeric characters
Sample ID
ID for the sample type or
sample material
Alphanumeric characters;
spaces allowed (maximum
11 characters)
Sample Prep Notes
Flag information of a previous
sample preparation can be
added to this field.
Alphanumeric characters
Batch ID + Flag Code
e.g. E1004
�
Enter the specific sample properties according to the workflow you selected in the
Workflow area. For detailed information on the properties, see the sections describing
the specific analysis methods.
�
(Optional) Click the Replicates button to create replicates for all selected samples.
►► Make Replicates creates a replicate group with the current selection, using the
first sample as the master.
►► Auto Replicate creates replicates of all samples in the selection that have all properties identical in all filter combinations.
►► Clear Replicates clears the Repl Of column for the selection. When a sample is
cleared, it retains the attributes it has as a replicate.
Samples can differ in an unselected filter combination. This can be confusing if
you use Auto Replicate.
�
(Optional) If you need to start over, click Reset Samples. Resetting the samples resets
all sample information to the default values and resets any analysis-specific Sample
Editor tabs to their default values.
�
When finished, click
the experiment.
��
To print out your sample loading, click
in the Global action bar to save the sample information with
in the MWP image area.
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Entering Data in Table View
You have different options for entering data in the Table View.
►► Entering data directly in the cells of the table:
►► Click in a single cell and edit the value.
►► Select a range of cells, copy and paste a selection from another part of the table.
►► Select a range of cells, copy and paste a selection from a spreadsheet program, e.g.,
Microsoft Excel.
►► Select a range of cells, type a value and press the <Enter> key.
For more information on using tables see section Working with Tables.
►► Entering data using the Accelerator panel:
The system displays the Accelerator panel according to the selected workflow. For information on the analysis-specific fields of the Accelerator panel, see the corresponding
analysis descriptions.
�
Select the samples you want to edit in the MWP image. The data of the selected wells
are displayed in the Accelerator panel:
►► If a value is the same for all selected wells, the value is displayed in the
­Accelerator panel fields.
►► If a value differs for the selected wells, no value is displayed.
�
Edit the values in the Accelerator panel fields.
The values are applied to all selected wells.
If you select a single well, the contents of this well are displayed in the Accelerator panel fields. You can now edit the values for the well.
■
Entering Data in Plate View
In Plate View you enter data in the Well Editor.
�
Click the Toggle View (Table) button to change to the Plate View.
�
Configure the properties to be displayed in the Well Editor as described in section
­Configuring Sample Editor Properties.
�
Select the samples you want to edit in the MWP image. The data of the selected wells
are displayed in the Well Editor:
D
►► If a value is the same for all selected wells, the value is displayed in the Well Editor
fields.
►► If a value differs for the selected wells, no value is displayed.
�
Edit the values in the Well Editor fields.
The values are applied to all selected wells.
If you select a single well, the contents of this well are displayed in the Well
Editor fields. You can now edit the values for the well.
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Importing and Exporting Sample Information
The Sample Editor offers an import function that can read data from tab-delimited files
into the Sample Editor table, both into the Table or Plate View. Such import data files can
be created using common spreadsheet programs (e.g., Microsoft Excel).
To be valid for automated import, data files containing sample information must have
certain properties:
►► Each line in the import data file must be associated with a well position, while each
column in the input must be associated with a data column in one of the Sample
Editor’s tabs.
►► Each row of the imported data file must contain the position of the sample. If there is
no sample position column or if the sample position column has invalid entries, the
file is not imported and the OK button will not be active.
►► The columns of type “sample position” (‘Pos’ and ‘Repl. Of ’ columns) must contain a
row and column position value consisting of a single letter and an integer (in the form
of A1, B2, etc.). The row and column must exist in the current MTP layout. If any
position is invalid, the data in that line of the file will not be imported and an error is
recorded in the status report.
►► The columns of type “Filter Combination” (‘Filt. Comb.’ and ‘Dominant Channel’ columns) must contain a string in the format XXX-YYY, where XXX and YYY are wavelengths of the detection format in the experiment. If the values are invalid for any row,
the data in that line of the file cannot be imported and the error will be recorded in
the status report.
D
►► The ‘Sample Type’ columns for Quantification and Genotyping analysis must match
the values in the selection list for the corresponding column in the Sample Edi­tor (e.g.,
for Absolute Quantification this is “Unknown” and “Standard”). If the values are invalid for any row, the data for the field are not imported and the error is recorded in
the status report.
►► If any line in the file begins with a “#” character, it is considered to be a comment line
and will be ignored. If the first field’s first character contains a “#”, then the field needs
to be enclosed in quotes.
►► If the text for any field contains the delimiter character (tab or comma) or a space, then
the text must be enclosed in double quotes.
►► The import file must contain the same number of columns for each row, even if columns are blank. If the number of columns present on any row is incorrect, the file will
not be imported and the error will be recorded in the status report.
Import data files both with and without a header row are supported. You may specify
whether the current file has a header row by using the header row checkbox. If checked,
the first row in the file will be used for headers. If unchecked, the first row in the file will
be used as data. If the program correctly identifies all the column headers in the first row
when a file is scanned, the software will automatically check the header row checkbox.
Otherwise, the header row checkbox will be unchecked.
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Information in the header line has to be tab-delimited and must be consistent with the
remainder of the file. Key words in the header line must be consistent with a key word set
understood by the software. If the key words of one or more columns do not match the
software’s expectation, the software will prompt you to assign data to its target column.
The table below gives an overview over supported key words in the column header and the
correlation to the respective field in the Sample Editor table:
Category
Column Header
Field in Sample Editor
General
General:Color
Color
General:Replicate of
Repl Of
General:Sample name
Sample name
General:Subsets
Subsets
General:Notes
Notes
General:Sample ID
Sample ID
General:Sample Prep Notes
Sample Prep Notes
General:Target Name
Target Name
Sample pref:Width
Width
Sample pref:Line Style
Line Style
Sample pref:Point Style
Point Style
Color Compensation
Color Comp:Dominant Channel
Dominant Channel
Endpoint Genotyping
Endpt. Geno:EndPt Sample Type
EndPt Sample Type
Endpt. Geno:EndPt Genotype
EndPt Genotype
Abs Quant:Sample Type
Quantification Sample
Type
Abs Quant:Concentration
Concentration
Abs Quant:Cp Low
Cp Low
Abs Quant:Cp High
Cp High
Melt Geno:Sample Type
Melt Geno Sample Type
Melt Geno:Genotype
Melt Geno Genotype
Rel Quant:Target Type
Target Type
Rel Quant:Combined Sample and
Target type
Combined Sample and
Target type
Rel Quant:Efficiency
Efficiency
Gene Scanning:Scanning Sample
Type
Scanning Sample Type
Gene Scanning:Scanning Genotype
Scanning Genotype
Sample preferences
Amplification
Analysis
Melt Geno
Relative
Quantification
Gene Scanning
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If an import data file contains empty cells this will not change data already present in the
Sample Editor.
Replicates can only be imported by specifying multiple positions in a common sample
position cell (spaces work as a separator). The first sample position listed in the cell shall
be the master of the replicate group. If the ‘Repl. Of ’ column is included and a value is
set for a sample, all other data except the position column must be blank. The designated
position will be set as a replicate of the position in the ‘Repl. Of ’ column. If the data is not
Basic Software Functionalities
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Entering Sample Information
2
blank, the data will not be imported and a warning will be shown in the status report.
►► If the Create replicates from duplicate sample names? checkbox is checked, samples that
share the same sample name in the import file will be set up as replicates.
►► If the Create replicates from duplicate sample names? checkbox is checked and data
other than the sample name are not blank, the non-blank data will not be imported.
The easiest way to create a compatible import data file is to export the Sample Editor
data of an existing experiment and to use this file as a template.
To import Sample Editor data:
�
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144
Click the Import button to browse for the import data file. The software displays a file
selection and preview dialog.
►►►
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Programming and Running an Experiment
Entering Sample Information
2
�
Click the
button to navigate to the import data file.
When you have selected a file, click the Scan File button. The software updates the
preview, displays the automatic column assignments and sets the default for the Use
first line as header? checkbox.
D
�
Check the Use first line as header? checkbox if the first line in the import file is to be
used as the header. Select Scan File to rescan the file.
�
Check the Create replicates from duplicate sample names? checkbox if samples that
share the same sample name in the import file are to be set up as replicates.
►►►
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Programming and Running an Experiment
Entering Sample Information
2
�
D
�
In the mapping column headers, you may alter the assignment for a column by
selecting a new category and field.
Only one import file column can be assigned to each column in the Sample
Editor. If a Sample Editor column is re-assigned to a different import file column,
the previous import file column will be unassigned and marked as not mapped.
You may choose the value “<Ignore>” in the column mapping field. When a column is mapped to ignored, that column will not be imported and will be marked
in yellow in the preview table.
Click
Editor.
. to accept the column assignments. The data is imported into the Sample
■
To export Sample Editor data:
�
Select the Export button. The software displays a file selection dialog.
�
Enter a file name and click Save.
�
The Sample Editor data are exported as a tab-delimited text file.
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
3
Overview of Experimental Analysis
3
LightCycler® 480 Software includes analysis modules that can be used to analyze experiment results in various ways. To analyze an experiment, you must add one or more of the
analysis modules to the experiment, after the run has finished.
The following analysis modules are available:
►► Quantification
►► Absolute Quantification enables you to quantify a single target sequence and
express the final result as an absolute value.
►► Relative Quantification compares the levels of two different target sequences in a
single sample and expresses the final result as a ratio of these targets.
►► Genotyping
►► Endpoint Genotyping derives the genotyping information from the amplification
curve’s endpoint signal intensity.
►► Melting Curve Genotyping derives the genotyping information from the shape of
a melting curve established after the PCR.
►► Tm Calling calculates the melting temperatures and melting peaks of target DNA.
►► Color Compensation generates color-compensation data that can be applied to a multicolor experiment or to an analysis to compensate for overlap between fluorescence
channels.
►► The additional software module Gene Scanning determines the heterodu­plex structures in samples by analyzing experimental data generated in the presence of the
LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting Dye.
Without the LightCycler® 480 Gene Scanning Software you are able to view any gene
scanning experiment in the LightCycler® 480 Software. You however cannot perform
a gene scanning analysis.
This section explains the general steps required to perform any analysis and presents tips
on how to use an analysis window. Subsequent sections explain in detail how to perform
each type of analysis.
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
Overview of Analysis Steps
3
3.1
Overview of Analysis Steps
The general steps required to add an analysis module and perform an analysis are described
below. The steps are the same for any analysis type. For specific information about setting
parameters for each type of analysis, see the section about the specific analysis.
To perform an analysis:
�
Open the experiment you want to analyze in the LightCycler® 480 Software main
window.
�
In the Module bar, click Sample Editor. If you have not already entered sample information, enter information to identify the samples.
�
Enter the analysis-specific sample information. The kind of information you can enter
depends on the type of analysis. For details, see section Entering Sample Information.
�
Click Analysis on the LightCycler® 480 Software Module bar. The Analysis
Overview window opens.
The Analysis Overview window displays the Create New Analysis list and Open Existing
Analysis list (if an analysis was created before).
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�
Select the analysis type from the Create New Analysis list.
The Create new analysis dialog opens. Here you can again define the analysis type
and select an analysis subset. If your experimental protocol should contain several
programs that are suited for the selected analysis type, select one from the Program
list. If you wish, you can change the analysis name (the default name is “analysis type
for subset name”). Click
.
You cannot make changes to an analysis subset after an analysis is created using
the subset.
►►►
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Overview of Analysis Steps
�
In the Analysis window enter or adjust the parameters.
►► Use the Color Compensation multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on or
off and to select a Color Compensation object.
3
►► Use the Filter Comb button to select the fluorescence channel you want to analyze.
For more information see section Selecting Filter Combination and Color Compensation.
►► Click Apply Template to display the Apply Template dialog box. ­Select a Template
from the list and click
. The template settings are applied to the new experiment
protocol. For more information see section Working with Templates and Macros.
►► Select the options specific to the analysis type. For the analysis-specific options
see the corresponding sections.
If you change information in the Sample Editor (except sample name, sample
note or target name) after performing the analysis, you must recalculate the
analysis results using the updated values from the Sample Editor. In this case,
the Calculate button becomes active again.
�
You can add more than one analysis to an experiment, including multiple instances of
the same analysis type: Click
in the Analysis toolbar.
Repeat steps 3 — 6 to add additional analysis modules.
�
Click
in the Global action bar to save the analysis results as part of the experiment. For general information about using the analysis window see section Using the
Analysis Window.
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149
Overview of Experimental Analysis
Using the Analysis Window
3
3.2
Using the Analysis Window
The following figure illustrates a typical analysis window; in this case, for an Absolute
Quantification analysis. The Analysis toolbar is at the top, the Action button area for the
analysis is at the bottom, the list of experiment samples is on the left, and the areas of the
window containing analysis charts are on the right.
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
Using the Analysis Window
3.2.1
Selecting Filter Combination and Color Compensation
To perform an analysis, you must specify the filter combination you want to analyze and
apply Color Compensation (if appropriate).
3
Use the buttons on the analysis’ Action button area, to make the necessary selections. (The
Tm Calling and Color Compensation modules have slightly different options. For more
information, see the sections related to these modules.)
Use the buttons as follows:
Filter
Combination
Use the Filter Comb button to select the fluorescence channel you want to analyze. A list of
all filter combinations for which data was gathered for the experiment is displayed:
After selecting a filter combination from the list, the button displays the selected filter
combination.
Color
Compensation
Use the Color Compensation multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on or off and
to select a Color Compensation object:
Off
Select Off if you do not want to use Color Compensation.
In Use
Allows you to select an object from the Selected Color Compensations
dialog.
This dialog displays all selected (i.e., previously applied) color
compensation objects. The compensated filter combinations are
displayed in brackets after each name.
In Database
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Allows you to select an object from the Available Color Compensations
dialog. This dialog displays all Color Compensation objects available
in the database matching the instrument’s serial number and selected
filter combination. For each object, the list includes the name and
path.
Color Compensation is always applied to the filter combination that is selected by the
Filter Combination button.
For more information, see section Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.
Additional buttons may be displayed, depending on the analysis type.
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
Using the Analysis Window
3
3.2.2
Working with Samples in the Analysis
An analysis module always displays a list of samples on the left. After analysis calculations
are complete, results for the samples are displayed in columns to the right of the sample
names. The analysis module also displays charts of sample data. For detailed information,
see sections Sample Selector and Sample Table.
Selecting Samples to Include in Result Calculations
Select the checkbox next to a sample name to generate analysis results for the sample. By
default, all samples are checked at the beginning of an analysis. Double-click a sample
checkbox to deselect or reselect it. To check or uncheck a group of samples simultaneously, highlight the range of samples, and press the <Space> bar. This toggles the check
marks on or off in all the selected sample boxes.
Selecting Samples to View in Charts
Samples are color-coded. To find a sample in a chart, note the color of the sample in the
sample list, and look for the color on the chart. Alternatively, place the mouse pointer over
a line on a chart to display a small box containing the name of the sample represented by
the line:
D
When you highlight a sample name in the sample list, data from the selected sample is
displayed in the analysis charts. By default, all samples are selected when you first open
the analysis window.
To select samples:
►► To select one sample, highlight the sample name in the sample list.
►► To select multiple samples, press the <Ctrl> key while clicking the sample names.
►► To select a contiguous set of samples, click the first sample name, and press the <Shift>
key while clicking the last sample name in the set.
►► To select all samples, press <Ctrl-A>.
The analysis graphs are redrawn using the selected samples.
Copying Sample Information
After an analysis is complete, you can copy sample names and results from the analysis
window and paste the text into other software programs.
To copy sample names and results:
►► Select one or more sample rows to copy, and press <Ctrl-C>.
►► Open the program into which you want to paste the copied text (e.g., Microsoft Excel),
and press <Ctrl-V>.
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Using the Analysis Window
Sorting the Sample Table
You can sort the Sample Table by clicking the header of a column. Clicking the header
several times toggles the sort order between descending and ascending.
3
To sort the table by well position – either MWP column-wise or row-wise – click the
header of the Pos column.
Exporting Sample Information
You can export the Sample Table data as a tab-delimited text file for further use in common spreadsheet programs (e.g., Microsoft Excel). To export the Sample Table data, rightclick the table area and select Export Table. A file selection dialog opens. Enter a file name
and click Save.
3.2.3
Working with Charts in the Analysis Window
The analysis charts are always displayed on the right side of the Analysis window. The
following section gives a summary of working with charts in the Analysis window. For
detailed information see section Working with Charts.
Choosing the Chart to be Displayed
To choose a chart to be displayed in the Analysis window:
�
Click
above the chart you want to change. The chart’s options toolbar is
displayed, containing a chart menu. The different charts contain specific additional
options.
�
To change the chart type, select the new chart type from the Chart menu.
�
To modify display options for the chart, select the corresponding option from the
chart’s options toolbar.
D
■
Zooming in and out
To zoom a view of an analysis chart, click the Zoom button and place the cursor above and
to the left of the area you want to enlarge. Click and drag the mouse pointer down and to
the right. The mouse pointer draws a rectangle. The area within the rectangle is enlarged
to fill the window. To restore the chart to its original size, click and drag the mouse pointer
up and to the left. (Do this only once to restore the chart.)
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
Using the Analysis Window
3
Selecting Samples
To select samples directly from a chart, click the Select button and select curves or points
on the chart by drawing a rectangle. The corresponding samples are selected in the Sample
Selector.
Printing, Exporting and Copying a Chart
For exporting, printing or copying a chart displayed in the Analysis window, right-click
within the chart boundaries and select the corresponding action from the context menu.
For details see section Working with Charts.
3.2.4
Adding Analysis Notes
You can add analysis notes to the analysis.
�
To open the Analysis Notes window, click the Notes button in the Action bar.
�
Enter your analysis notes and click
�
Click
to add your notes to the analysis.
on the Global action bar to save the notes with the experiment.
■
3.2.5
D
Removing or Renaming an Analysis
You can remove or rename analyses saved with your experiment if your user account has
the Expert User or Local Administrator role. You may also be able to remove or rename
analyses stored with experiments of other users, depending on the access privileges associated with your user account. For more information about access privileges, see sec­tion
Managing User Access.
To remove an analysis from an experiment:
�
Select an analysis from the Analyses bar.
�
Click the Remove Item button
�
You are prompted to confirm your choice.
�
Click
to remove the analysis.
Click
to save the experiment without the analysis.
in the Analysis toolbar.
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
Using the Analysis Window
To rename an analysis:
You can rename the analysis associated with an experiment. Renaming is helpful if you
have more than one analysis of the same type associated with the experiment.
�
Select an analysis from the Analyses bar.
�
Click the Rename Item button
�
Enter a new name and click
3
in the Analysis toolbar. The Edit Name dialog opens:
.
Names must be unique in each database folder.
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Basic Software Functionalities
155
Overview of Experimental Analysis
Exporting Analysis Results
3
3.3
Exporting Analysis Results
LightCycler® 480 Software includes a batch export tool that lets you export all analysis
results from experiments in a group of folders and all its subfolders by using the analysis
batch result wizard. Follow the instructions below to export an experiment analysis.
A result batch export exports all results of a selected analysis type from all experiments in
a group of selected folders or experiments and all of the subfolders at the same time. The
­results are exported to a single tab-delimited file.
Analysis result batch export is only possible from the Navigator.
Analysis result batch export is performed using a wizard. You can move from a wizard
step to the previous or next step by clicking the corresponding button. Note that the
Next button will only be available when you have provided the settings required for the
current tab.
�
Click the Result Batch Export Navigator control button. The Batch Export wizard opens.
On the Select Folders tab of the wizard, select a source folder in the Available Folders
list and add it to the Selected Folders list. Check the Scan Sub-folders option to include
all subfolders within the source directory.
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►►►
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Overview of Experimental Analysis
Exporting Analysis Results
�
On the Target tab, select the destination directory and the name of the output file.
Click the Browse button to browse for a destination. Alternatively, type the path of the
destination directly into the input field. If the specified output file already exists, the
wizard will ask you to confirm before overwriting the existing file.
�
On the Analysis Type tab, select the type of analysis to be exported.
3
D
►►►
Basic Software Functionalities
157
Overview of Experimental Analysis
Exporting Analysis Results
3
�
On the Start tab, you can review your settings and start the export process.
The Reset button on the Start tab is active only after an export is complete.
Clicking the Reset button resets the results of the previous export so the export
can be repeated.
�
On the Status tab, you can view the status of the export process. While the export is
in progress, the Stop button is active. You can abort the export by clicking the Stop
button.
�
The Done tab displays a summary of the batch export. Click the Done button to close
the wizard.
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Software Applications
Description of the different quantification and
genotyping methods
Quantification
Overview
Software Applications
4
4
Quantification
4.1
Overview
There are many types and subtypes of methods to quantify gene expression by real-time
PCR. Each of these methods is characterized by its requirements, its complexity, and its
reliability. However, it is possible to group all these methods under two main analysis
techniques: Absolute and Relative Quantification (see figure below). The technique you
have to choose depends on the complexity of your analysis and the desired format of the
final result:
►► Absolute Quantification enables you to quantify a single target sequence and express
the final result as an absolute value (e.g., viral load - copies/ml). Such analyses ­routinely
occur in research areas like virology and microbiology.
►► Relative Quantification compares the levels of two different target sequences in a
single sample (e.g., target gene of interest (GOI) and another gene) and expresses the
final result as a ratio of these targets.
Analysis Purpose
D
e.g., Virology, Microbiology
Application Field
e.g., Oncology
Analysis Technique
Fit Points Method
160
Determination of Gene
Expression of Gene Dosage
2nd Derivative
Maximum Method
Types of
Methods
Available
Basic Analysis
Advanced Analysis
e.g., ∆∆CT-Method
e.g., E-Method
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4.2
Absolute Quantification Analysis
An Absolute Quantification analysis can be performed on any experiment that contains
an amplification program. Taking advantage of real-time, online monitoring of PCR,
the Absolute Quantification module considers only fluorescence values measured in the
exponentially growing log-linear phase of the PCR amplification process for analysis of
the quantification data.
4
A typical quantification experiment performed on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument is
shown in the figure below. The reaction profile contains three phases: the initial lag phase,
an exponential (log-linear) phase and a final plateau phase. The initial lag phase (or background phase) lasts until the fluorescence signal from the PCR product is greater than
the background fluorescence of the probe system. The exponential log phase begins when
sufficient product has accumulated to be detected above background and ends when the
reaction efficiency falls as the reaction enters the plateau.
A perfect amplification reaction with the efficiency of 2 (i.e., every PCR product is
repli­cated once in every cycle) can be described during the log-linear phase by the
following equation:
(1) Tn = T0 × 2n
D
Real PCR experiments however, are influenced by many factors and therefore efficiency
diverges from being perfect. Thus PCR amplification is more accurately described as:
(2) Tn = T0 × En
Where Tn is the amount of target molecules at cycle n, T0 is the initial number of
target molecules, n is the number of amplification cycles, and E is the efficiency of
amplifica­tion.
As you can see in the figure above the cycle where each reaction first rises above background is dependent on the amount of target that is present at the beginning of the reaction. The point at which the fluorescence of a sample rises above the background fluorescence is called the “crossing point (Cp)” of the sample.
For Absolute Quantification analyses, serial dilutions of an external standard with
predefined known concentration are used to create a standard curve. The standard
dilutions are amplified in separate wells but within the same LightCycler® 480 Instru­ment
run. The crossing points of standards and unknown samples are then used to determine
the concentration of target DNA.
Software Applications
161
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
LightCycler® 480 Software provides two methods for performing Absolute Quanti­fication
analysis:
4
►► the Second Derivative Maximum method
►► the Fit Points method
Both methods use standard curves to calculate unknown sample concentrations, but each
method determines a sample’s crossing point in a different way.
4.2.1
Understanding Sample Crossing Points
In an amplification reaction, the cycle at which the fluorescence of a sample rises above
the background fluorescence is called the “crossing point (Cp)” of the sample. The Cp is
the point at which amplified product is first visible in the data. For visualization of PCR
products, the number of product molecules must exceed the detection limit of the reaction (at Cp, approximately 1011 to 1012 product molecules are present in the reaction).
A sample’s Cp depends on the initial concentration of DNA in the sample. A sample with
a lower initial concentration of target DNA requires more amplification cycles to reach the
Cp. A sample with higher concentration requires fewer cycles. How Cp values are used in
a quantification analysis depends on the type of analysis.
4.2.2
Understanding the Role of Standard Curves
In an Absolute Quantification analysis, a standard curve is used to determine the concen­
tration of unknown samples. In a standard curve, the concentrations of standard samples
are plotted against the Cps of the samples. The X axis represents the log of the initial target
concentration, and the Y axis represents Cp in cycles. In the case of the Fit Points analysis
method the standard curve is a linear regression line through these plotted data points,
while for the Second Derivative Maximum analysis method it is a non-linear (polynomial) regression line.
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
A typical standard curve is set up with at least five samples, which are prepared by serial dilution. The concentrations chosen for the standard curve should fall between the
expected concentration range of the target.
4
In LightCycler® 480 Software you must define at least 3 standard samples with different concentrations. Otherwise, no standard curve is calculated.
The Slope of the standard curve describes the kinetics of the PCR amplification. It indicates how quickly the amount of target Nucleic Acid (NA) can be expected to increase with
the amplification cycles. The slope of the standard curve is also referred to as the Efficiency
of the amplification reaction. A perfect amplification reaction would produce a standard
curve with an efficiency of “2”, because the amount of target NA would double with each
amplification cycle (according to the equation 1: Tn = T0 × 2n described above).
The PCR efficiency can easily be calculated using the formula: E = 10 -1/slope
(e.g., slope = -3.3 → E = 2).
LightCycler® 480 Software automatically calculates the efficiency and displays it on the
analysis window. In reality, reactions often exhibit an efficiency lower than two. The reaction in the example below has an efficiency of 1.975.
The Error value (mean squared error of the single data points fit to the regression line),
given on the left side of the standard curve, is a measure of the accuracy of the quantification result based on the standard curve (an acceptable value should be < 0.2).
By determining where an unknown sample’s crossing point falls on the standard curve,
the software can determine the initial concentration of target DNA in the sample.
Cp data from the standards will be used to convert Cp data from the unknowns into
concentrations. For these conversions to be valid, the amplification efficiencies of the
standards and the samples must be identical. If you use homologous standards, you
can usually achieve identical amplification efficiencies easily.
Software Applications
D
163
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4.2.3
4
Providing the Standard Curve
To provide the standard curve for an Absolute Quantification analysis, you can choose one
of the following:
►► Include external standards in the experiment: The standard dilutions are amplified
in separate wells but within the same LightCycler® 480 Instrument run. The external
standards are used to calculate an “in-run” standard curve.
►► Use a previously saved standard curve (called an external standard curve). An external
standard curve can be loaded into experiments that do not have a standard curve, thus
allowing quantitative analysis of those runs. This is especially suitable for applications
where the same parameter is analyzed in multiple runs.
At least one sample (or replicates of this sample) of known concentration must be included in every experiment. This sample should be designated as a standard and
should fall within the range of the imported standard curve. The detection format, the
analysis mode, and the Color Compensation data (if any) used for the run must be the
same as those used for the imported standard curve.
For the valid use of the external standard curve, PCR amplification must be highly
reproducible and reaction conditions must be constant for all experiments. We recom­
mend running tests to ensure stable PCR efficiency and using replicate samples (espe­
cially for low concentrations) to create the standard curve. Also, include a previously
quantified sample in each analyzed run, to verify that the calculated values are repro­
ducible.
To save a standard curve:
D
�
�
Perform an amplification experiment containing the standards you want to use. Alternatively, use an existing experiment that includes standards you want to use.
The experiment containing the standards must use the same parameters and
conditions as the experiment to which the curve will be applied, including the
same detection format, concentration units, analysis mode, and Color Compensation data (for multicolor experiments).
You can generate several standard curve files from one experiment by choosing different signal channels or analysis modes each time you save the standard
curve.
Add an Absolute Quantification analysis to the experiment.
►►►
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�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Abs Quant.
4
�
Select Standard as the sample type for each standard sample and specify the standard
concentration.
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
�
In the analysis module, perform either an Abs Quant/2nd Derivative Max or an
Abs Quant/Fit Points analysis. Check the checkboxes of the standard samples you
want to use in the standard curve. See the next section for detailed information about
performing an Absolute Quantification analysis.
�
Click Calculate.
�
On the Standards multi-select button, select Save as external.
�
Navigate to a location to save the curve, enter a file name, and click
D
.
■
You can use the saved external standard curve in other quantification analyses for experi­
ments that have the same experiment parameters as those used to create the standard
curve.
Software Applications
165
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
To use an external standard curve:
4
�
Perform an amplification experiment containing one standard or use an existing
experiment that includes one standard.
The standard sample should fall within the range of the imported standard curve.
�
Add an Absolute Quantification analysis object to the experiment.
�
In the Sample Editor select the workflow Abs Quant.
�
Select Standard as the sample type for the standard sample and specify the standard
concentration.
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
�
On the Standards multi-select button, select Std Curve (External).
�
The Apply External Standard Curve dialog opens. Select an appropriate external
standard curve object from the list:
�
In the analysis module select the checkbox of the standard sample in the Sample list
and perform the analysis. Click Calculate.
�
In the Standard Curve chart, only the single standard sample included in your
experiment is displayed. The name of the external standard curve in use is shown
above the chart.
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4.2.4
Performing Absolute Quantification Analyses Using the Second
Derivative Maximum Method
The Second Derivative Maximum method identifies the Cp of a sample as the point where
the sample’s fluorescence curve turns sharply upward. This turning point corresponds to
the maximum of the second derivative of the amplification curve. Thus, this method is
called “Second Derivative Maximum method”. The big advantage of this method is that
it requires little user input. You just have to specify the type of standard curve (in run or
external) for the experiment, and the software performs the calculation automatically.
The Second Derivative Maximum method is based on the fact that the fluorescence
signal is increasing at an ever-increasing rate in the exponential part of the reaction.
This acceleration of the fluorescence signal slows as the reaction begins to enter the
plateau. Therefore, the cycle where the second derivative is at its maximum should
always be in the middle of the log-linear portion of the reaction.
4
D
With the Second Derivative Maximum method, the fluorescence at the Cp is usually
different from one sample to the next. Unlike calculation methods based on thresholds
(where samples are compared at identical fluorescence values), this method rejects the
idea that samples with the same fluorescence have the same DNA concentration.
Instead, this method posits that the shape of the amplification curve is a better guide
to the concentration of the PCR product, and the Cp should be at the maximum
acceleration, even if the fluorescence levels between curves are different.
The Second Derivative Maximum method automatically corrects for background
fluorescence by calculating the arithmetic mean of cycles 2 to 6 and subtracting this
mean from the fluorescence values.
To handle complex fluorescence data curves, the software copes with effects and artifacts
such as spikes in the log-linear phase of the curve, noisy plateaus, or curves where the
plateau phase has not yet been reached. Additionally, no crossing point values are
displayed for curves which exhibit backgrounds that slowly increase or decrease or are
noisy, unless the curves reach considerable values of fluorescence.
Software Applications
167
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4
The Absolute Quantification – Second Derivative Maximum method analysis module
offers two different algorithms that differ in the way how data curves and especially back­
ground signals are handled:
►► High Confidence
The High Confidence algorithm is optimized to find highly reliable Cps, i.e., in general
Cps are called for samples with a prominent rise and a high signal-to-noise ratio. The
risk of false positive Cp calling is therefore drastically reduced. The High Confidence
algorithm should be used for all experiments that require Color Compensation.
►► High Sensitivity
The High Sensitivity algorithm detects crossing points even for data curves with a
weak rise in fluorescence and thus a low signal-to-noise ratio. It is therefore suitable
for all assays requiring very high sensitivity like detection of low to single copy targets.
The drawback of this algorithm is a certain risk of false positive Cp calling. The result
of a High Sensitivity analysis should thus always be examined in detail.
The High Sensitivity algorithm corresponds to the default Absolute Quantification
method in LightCycler® 480 Software versions prior to 1.2.
To perform an Absolute Quantification analysis using the Second Derivative
Maximum method:
�
Create and run a quantification experiment or open an existing experiment.
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Abs Quant.
D
►►►
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�
Define the properties of the samples.
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the following parameters for calculation:
Parameter
Description
Sample Type
Select a sample type from the list:
4
►► Unknown
►► Standard
Concentration
Enter the concentration for samples of type “Standard“.
The unit of the concentration value is defined by the
entry in the Unit field above the Sample Table
(e.g., “copies“).
If you do not enter a concentration value, a standard
curve cannot be calculated.
�
Click Analysis in the Module bar.
�
From the Create New Analysis list, select Abs Quant/2nd Derivative Max. In the Create
new analysis dialog, select an analysis subset and a quantification program in the
experiment (typically there is only one quantification program which is selected by
default). Click
.
�
►► If this is a multicolor experiment, click the Filter Comb Button to open the Filter
Combination dialog. Select the filter combination for the targets you want to
analyze.
►► Use the Color Comp multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on or off and
to select a Color Compensation object.
�
►► If you included standards in the experiment, select the checkbox next to each
standard you want to include in the standard curve. (Double-click the box to
select or clear it.) Select Std Curve (In Run) in the Action button area.
►► If you did not include standards in the experiment, select Std Curve (External) in
the Action button area. Find and select the standard curve you want to use, and
click
.
The external standard curve must be from an experiment that has the same
detection format, filter combination, and Color Compensation settings as the
current experiment. The external curve and current experiments can be generated on different block types (96, 384). If you want to use an external standard,
you must include one of the standard concentrations in the new experiment as
a reference. The software calculates the concentration for each sample in the
sample list, based on where each sample’s crossing point correlates with the
standard curve.
�
By default all samples are included in result calculations; to remove a sample from
result calculations, double-click the checkbox next to the sample name to clear the
checkbox or press the <Space> key. Click Calculate.
�
To view amplification curves for one or more samples, highlight the sample names in
the result table.
��
To view analysis results, click and drag the left border of the chart section to the right
to display all the result data. Results include the Sample Selector with Legend Property
Selector and Selector Filter, the Sample Table, and the Statistics table (only if the experiment has sample replicates).
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Software Applications
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Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4.2.5
4
Performing Absolute Quantification Analysis Using the Fit Points
Method
The Fit Points method requires the user to discard uninformative background noise with a
horizontal noise band, exclude plateau values by entering the number of log-linear points,
and then fit a log-line to the exponential portion of the amplification curve. The intersection of the log-line with a horizontal threshold line determines the crossing points.
LightCycler® 480 Software uses the calculated crossing points of the standard samples to
generate the standard curve of crossing point versus sample concentration.
The Absolute Quantification — Fit Points method analysis module allows you to set
noiseband and threshold line by automated calculation methods. It is therefore possible to perform Absolute Quantification analysis based on the Fit Points method in a
fully automated fashion not requiring any user input as it is possible using the Second
Derivative Maximum method. Because all Fit Points specific parameters (cycle range
setting, background cycle range setting, noise band setting, standard devi­ation multiplier, threshold setting, and number of Fit Points) can be saved in a tem­plate, automated Fit Points analysis by using a macro is also possible.
Setting the Noiseband
The optimal position of the noiseband is as low as possible, without including any
back­ground noise, and as high as necessary, where it clearly crosses all sample curves
in the lower part of the log-linear phase. The graph below shows the range of acceptable levels for the noise band as well as the log-lines fit to the exponential portion of the
amplification curves, the log-linear point and crossing point exemplary for one
amplification curve.
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The Absolute Quantification — Fit Points method analysis module enables you to set the
noiseband using three different options:
►► Noiseband (Auto): with this option the standard deviation of the background signals
(noise) of all samples is calculated. The noiseband is then set to 12-fold this standard
deviation.
4
►► Noiseband (Std Mult): with this option the standard deviation of the background
signals of all samples is calculated. The user can then define the multiplier for the
background standard deviation.
►► Noiseband (Fluor): lets you set the noiseband manually.
Determining the Fit Points
The number of data lying on the log-line fitted to the exponential portion of an
ampli­fication curve varies from sample to sample. Within a data set the number of
log-linear cycles may range from 2 in the low concentration range to 4 in the higher
concentration range. If that is the case we recommend selecting the lowest value of 2 Fit
Points. Including data points ranging in the plateau has worse effect on your results than
excluding a log-linear point. For this reason the default setting for the number of Fit
Points is 2.
Adjusting the Threshold
Once the background noise is removed, a log-line is calculated for each amplification
curve and then extrapolated back to the threshold line. The Absolute Quantification – Fit
Points method analysis module allows you to set the threshold line automatically:
►► If the experiment contains standards, the threshold line is determined using minimize
error calculations.
►► If the experiment does not contain standards, the noiseband is used as threshold line.
In most cases, the auto threshold line function yields satisfying results. In some cases, you
can slightly improve the standard curve error value by manually moving the threshold
line up or down.
Once the log-lines have been calculated, any threshold position will yield a suitable
D
standard curve. Solely the extrapolation error may have a bad impact as the threshold
gets further away from the data points. If the fluorescent signal is proportional to the
amount of specific PCR product present, the only thing that counts is that all samples
have the same threshold.
Software Applications
171
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
To perform an Absolute Quantification experiment using the Fit Points
method:
4
D
�
Create and run a quantification experiment or open an existing experiment.
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Abs Quant.
�
Define the properties of the samples.
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the following parameters for calculation:
Parameter
Description
Sample Type
Select a sample type from the list:
►► Unknown
►► Standard
Concentration
Enter the concentration for samples of type “Standard”.
The unit of the concentration value is defined by the
entry in the Unit field above the Sample Table
(e.g., “copies“).
If you do not enter a concentration value, a standard
curve cannot be calculated.
�
Click Analysis in the Module bar.
�
From the Create New Analysis list select Abs Quant/Fit Points. In the Create New
­Analysis dialog select an analysis subset and a quantification program in the
experiment (typically there is only one quantification experiment which is selected
by default). Click
.
�
Upon creation of the analysis module, the software will automatically calculate
default noiseband and threshold settings. All analysis steps up to step 12 are
therefore optional.
►► If this is a multicolor experiment, click the Filter Comb Button to open the Filter
Combination dialog. Select the filter combination for the targets you want to
analyze.
►► Use the Color Comp multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on
or off and to select a Color Compensation object.
►►►
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�
On the Cycle Range tab you can view the baseline corrected fluorescence of the
amplification curves over the entire range of cycles in the amplification program.
By default the cycle range is defined by the first and last cycle of the experiment.
You can change the range of cycles to be used in the calculation by either mouse
dragging the vertical sliders (blue slider = first cycle; green slider = last cycle) or
entering the first and the last cycle in the corresponding input boxes. Use this option
to exclude e.g., cycles from the beginning of the reaction showing irregular
fluorescence.
�
The values you enter in the input boxes are synchronized with the vertical sliders
in the chart.
Click the Background button to input the background correction range manually.
The range is specified as offset to the First Cycle value defined under Cycle Range.
Background correction is calculated for each curve as the average (arithmetic mean)
fluorescence of the curve between the Min Position and Max Position defined on the
Background button (i.e., if the First Cycle is 1 and Min/Max Offset are set to 1/5, then
the mean background will be calculated from cycles 2 to 6. If the First Cycle is 4, then
the mean background will be calculated from cycles 5 to 9.) The mean background is
subtracted from the uncorrected fluorescence value of each curve.
4
D
If you move the vertical sliders to change the range of cycles to be used for
calculation, the curves in the chart are immediately adjusted to their new
background corrected values and redisplayed in the chart.
►►►
Software Applications
173
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
�
4
On the Noise Band tab you can eliminate the noise from the samples. Click the Noiseband multi-select button to set the noiseband any of these ways:
►► Noiseband (Auto): Sets the noiseband automatically 12-fold the standard deviation of the noise (Std Dev Multiplier and Noise Band box contain read-only values).
This is the default setting.
►► Noiseband (Fluor): You can drag the horizontal noiseband bar to exclude the noise
or enter a value for the noiseband in the input box (the Std Dev Multiplier value is
calculated accordingly and displayed as read-only value).
►► Noiseband (STD Mult): Sets the noiseband to a multiple of the standard deviation of the noise (the Noise Band value is calculated accordingly and displayed as
read-only value).
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��
On the Analysis tab determine the number of data points (Fit Points) used to generate
the log-linear curves for the samples.
��
Determine the threshold for the samples any of these ways:
►► Select the Threshold (Auto) to let LightCycler® 480 Software automatically adjust
the threshold. This is the default setting.
►► Select Threshold (Manual) to either drag the threshold line up or down with the
mouse pointer or enter a value for the threshold line in the Threshold input box.
You can toggle between the Auto and Manual method by clicking the T­ hreshold
button.
If you drag the threshold line the software automatically sets the threshold mode
to Manual.
►►►
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4
��
►► If you included standards in the experiment, select the checkbox next to each
standard you want to include in the standard curve (double-click the box to select
or clear it). Select Std Curve (In run) in the Action button area.
►► If you did not include standards in the experiment, select Std Curve (External) in
the Action button area. Find and select the standard curve you want to use, and
click
.
The external standard curve must be from an experiment that has the same
detection format, filter combination, and Color Compensation settings as the
current experiment. Further, you cannot use a standard curve that was created
from an Absolute Quantification analysis using the Second Derivative Maximum
method or a Relative Quantification analysis. The external standard curve and
current experiments can be generated on different block types (96, 384). If you
want to use an external standard, you must include one of the standard concentrations in the new experiment as a reference. The software calculates the
concentration for each sample in the sample list, based on where each sample’s
crossing point correlates with the standard curve.
��
Click the Calculate button to compute and display the Cp values, and, if there are
standard data, to compute the concentrations.
��
By default all samples are included in result calculations; to remove a sample from
result calculations, double-click the checkbox next to the sample name to clear the
checkbox or press the <Space> key. Click Calculate.
��
To view amplification curves for one or more samples, highlight the sample names in
the sample list. To view the Fit Points check the Show Fit Points box.
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Software Applications
175
Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4.2.6
4
�
Viewing Results
Results of an Absolute Quantification analysis include the Sample Selector with
­Legend Property Selector and Legend Property buttons, the Results table, and the
Statistics table (only if the experiment has sample replicates).
Use the Legend Property Selector to display colors by results, by sample types, by
sample preferences or by replicate groups. Use the colored Legend Property buttons
to select display of samples with certain properties in the MWP image, the Results
table and in the charts.
If you choose Abs Quant results in the Legend Property Selector, the Results table of an
Absolute Quantification analysis displays the following results. The Legend Property
buttons enable you to select samples depending on the result call: Positive, Negative,
Uncertain, and Standard.
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Select the Positive, Negative, Uncertain, and Standard checkboxes to select the wells
with the matching result type in the Sample Selector and to highlight them in the color
shown in the legend.
►►►
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Result
Description
Cp
The crossing point of the sample.
Concentration
4
Concentration values which are displayed in brackets
indicate uncertain values. The reliable range of the
standard curve is defined by the concentration of the
highest and lowest standard. If the calculated concentration value of a sample is higher than the highest
standard or lower than the lowest standard, this value
is considered to be outside the standard curve range
and is indicated in the status column.
The calculated concentration of the sample, based on where
the crossing point falls on the standard curve of crossing
points versus concentration.
Unit is defined by the input (e.g., “copies”) in the Unit field of
the Abs Quant section on the Sample Editor.
Standard
This value is specified in the Abs Quant section of the
Sample Editor.
Status
Character code and description of the status. The column
contains a corresponding tool tip. The following codes are
possible:
? Detector code uncertain
< Early Cp call (first five cycles) has higher uncertainty
> Late Cp call (last five cycles) has higher uncertainty
E Extrapolated concentration in standard curve
If a sample has multiple codes (e.g., a sample is both uncertain and extrapolated), the status field displays all codes and
all text descriptions (comma-separated).
�
The following group results and statistics are appended to the Results table when the
experiment has replicates:
Statistic
Description
Samples
The sample numbers in the replicate group.
Mean/Median Cp
The mean/median value of the crossing points for the
samples in the group.
STD Cp
Standard deviation of the crossing points.
Mean/Median
conc
The mean/median value of the concentrations for the
samples in the group.
STD conc
Standard deviation of the concentrations.
Negative samples are excluded from the statistics calculation.
If you select a replicate set in the Statistics table, the curves for all the samples
in the replicate set are displayed in the associated chart.
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Software Applications
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Quantification
Absolute Quantification Analysis
4
As an example an Absolute Quantification analysis performed with the Second Derivative
Maximum method is shown below. Results are calculated for all samples in the experiment. Amplification curves are displayed for the highlighted samples. The standard curve
is generated from the samples that are checked and that are labeled as standards in the
Sample Editor.
The analysis contains two charts. By default the upper chart displays the Amplification
Curves, the lower chart the Standard Curve. For a detailed description of the Analysis window see section Using the Analysis Window.
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Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3
Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.1
Overview
4
Relative Quantification compares the levels of two different target sequences in a single
sample (e.g., target gene of interest (GOI) and another gene) and expresses the final result
as a ratio of these targets. For comparison purposes the second gene is a reference gene
that is found in constant copy numbers under all test conditions. This reference gene,
which is also known as endogenous control, provides a basis for normalizing sample-tosample differences. Such analyses are useful, for instance, in oncology research.
Gene expression studies usually try to determine the way a target gene changes its expression profile over time (e.g., how much the expression changes in the course of a disease or
treatment) relative to a defined starting point (e.g., disease-free or untreated state). Since
Relative Quantification allows users to easily compare the expression behavior of a target
gene under at least two conditions (e.g., disease-free / diseased or untreated / treated),
Relative Quantification is the best technique for determining gene expression and gene
dosage.
By dividing the concentration of the target in each sample by the concentration of a reference in the same sample, this method corrects the sample for differences in quality and
quantity caused by:
►► Variations in initial sample amount
►► Variations in nucleic acid recovery
►► Possible RNA degradation of sample material
►► Differences in sample and/or nucleic acid quality
►► Variations in sample loading/pipetting errors
►► Variations in cDNA synthesis efficiency
Analysis Modes in Relative Quantification Analysis
The new LightCycler 480® Software provides two different analysis modes for Relative
Quantification approaches: Basic and Advanced Analysis.
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Relative Quantification
Software Applications
Basic Analysis
Advanced Analysis
e.g., ΔΔCT-Method
e.g., E-Method
179
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
4
►► The Basic Analysis mode offers an automated easy-to-use mode by generating results
with only one click. This method is based on the well-accepted ΔΔCT-Method. For
detailed information see section Performing a Basic Relative Quantification Experiment.
►► The Advanced Analysis mode represents a manual flexible mode providing sophisticated software algorithms and excellent tools for your most demanding research
projects. For detailed information see section Performing an Advanced Relative
­Quantification Experiment.
Roche Applied Science provides the E-Method (Efficiency Method), which
demonstrates one of many possible high-value solutions which can be used
with the A
­ dvanced Analysis for generating reliable results. This method is characterized by its superior, scientifically sound properties.
Sample types
Basic Method
(e.g., ΔΔCT-Method)
Advanced Analysis
(e.g., E-Method)
Target (one / many)
Reference (one / many)
Target (one / many)
Reference (one / many)
Assay Calibrator
and/or
Study Calibrator1
Assay Calibrator,
and/or
Study Calibrator
-
Standards
2 / ≠ 2 (linear)
2 / ≠ 2 (linear / non-linear)
Calibrator
Standards
(target/reference)
Efficiency
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Cp analysis
Fit Points method
►► Second Derivative
Maximum method
►► Fit Points method
1
The LightCycler 480® Multiple Plate Analysis Software will provide an option to
define a reference experiment (Study Calibrator), which can be used for normalization of other experiments.
PCR Efficiency Correction
The reliability of all quantitative real-time PCR applications and, consequently, of all
­Relative Quantification calculations depends on the quality of the PCR.
PCR amplification is driven by enzymatic catalysis. Like every enzymatic process a given
PCR may vary in quality. For calculation purposes the overall quality of a PCR may be
expressed as a single number, the “efficiency” (E) of the PCR. The highest quality PCRs
run at an efficiency of two (E = 2). This means that the number of target molecules doubles with every PCR cycle.
A PCR depends on numerous factors. For a PCR to achieve maximum efficiency, every
single factor affecting the process (e.g., sample preparation, nucleic acid (NA) purification, pre-PCR steps) must occur optimally. Therefore most PCRs run at an efficiency less
than two (E < 2).
Remember that Relative Quantification assays involve a comparison of two PCRs (e.g.,
amplification of a target gene and a reference gene in the same sample). However, two
different PCRs may not have identical efficiencies. In such cases, an analysis based on
comparison of these PCRs may not be entirely accurate. In addition, not all amplification
reactions have the same efficiency throughout the entire process. They may not follow a
linear regression as described by the formula Nn = N0 × E2n (where N means the generated
copy number, N0 the initial copy number, n the cycle number and E the Efficiency).
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Since these efficiency considerations affect the accuracy of an assay, you must take them
into account when choosing the best Relative Quantification method for a given experimental system.
4
It is recommended that you apply PCR efficiency correction for Relative Quantification, when
►► your PCR assay is not running with the optimal PCR efficiency of two and
►► your PCR assay is not running with a constant PCR efficiency.
Only by applying PCR efficiency correction, calculation errors due to differences in
amplification of target and reference genes are significantly reduced.
The efficiency-corrected quantification performed automatically by the LightCycler® 480
Relative Quantification software is based on relative standard curves describing the PCR
efficiencies of the target and the reference gene. These standard curves can either be determined once and stored as an external standard curve which can be used for each analysis,
or can be determined within the analysis run itself together with the Cps of target and
reference gene.
Due to the principle of calibrator-normalized Relative Quantification it is not necessary
to know the exact copy number of the relative standards. Only the relative dilution steps
(1:10, 1:100, ...) of the used standards have to be entered; one dilution series for the target
gene and one for the reference gene is required. We recommend that you perform a LightCycler® 480 System run with e.g., 15 samples of target standards and another 15 samples
of reference standards covering a dynamic range of 4 orders of magnitude. The dilution
series should be done with a typical nucleic acid, e.g., total RNA or genomic DNA from the
calibrator. In principle, any nucleic acid dilution with identical PCR efficiency to a typical
sample can be used for creation of a relative standard curve.
Software Applications
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181
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.2
4
Mono-Color or Dual-Color Experiment
Before you perform a Relative Quantification analysis, you must decide whether you want
to run a mono-color or a dual-color experiment:
►► In a mono-color experiment, target and reference samples are amplified in separate
reactions. For a mono-color experiment you have two different options how to handle
the reference samples:
►► Target and reference samples are amplified in the same multiwell plate. In this case
use the “In-Run” Reference Sample Location option (see below).
►► Target and reference samples are amplified in separate multiwell plates. In this case,
use the “External” Reference Sample Location option (see below).
It is not required that target and reference are detected by the same filter combination.
►► In a dual-color experiment, target and reference samples are amplified in the same
reaction, which requires the detection by two different filter combinations. This setup
requires to apply Color Compensation (with the exception of some specific filter com­
binations; see section Color Compensation Analysis for details).
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4.3.3
Principle of Relative Quantification Analysis
A Relative Quantification analysis compares two ratios:
►► the ratio of a target DNA sequence to a reference DNA sequence in an unknown sample, and
4
►► the ratio of the same two sequences in a standard sample called a “calibrator”.
The “Target” is the nucleic acid of interest (specific RNA or DNA sequence), while the
“Reference” is a nucleic acid that is found at constant copy number in all samples and
serves as endogenous control. The reference is used for normalization of sample-to-sam­
ple differences. The “Calibrator” is typically a positive sample with a stable ratio of targetto-reference and is used to normalize all samples within one run, but in addition provides
a constant calibration point between several ­LightCycler® 480 System runs.
While a calibrator corrects for differences in detection sensitivity between target and
reference caused by differences in probe annealing, FRET efficiency, or dye extinction
coefficients, it does not correct for differences in PCR efficiency between the target and
reference gene!
The result is expressed as a normalized ratio, i.e., ratio (1) divided by ratio (2).
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A Relative Quantification analysis can be performed on an experiment that has an ampli­
fication program and that has the appropriate sample types. You can perform a Relative
Quantification analysis on a single-color or on a dual-color experiment.
A Relative Quantification analysis is based on the assumption that the concentration of
DNA at a sample’s crossing point is the same for every sample containing the same target
DNA. This is the DNA concentration necessary for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument to
detect a signal above background noise.
Each sample may require a different number of cycles to reach the crossing point, depending on the initial concentration of DNA in the sample. At the end of the experi­ment, each
sample’s DNA concentration may vary, depending on how many cycles were completed by
that sample after the crossing point was reached.
D
The analysis uses the sample’s crossing point (expressed as a cycle number), the efficiency
of the reaction, the number of cycles completed, and other values to determine how much
the DNA concentration must have increased for each sample by the end of the amplification. The analysis uses these calculations to compare the samples and generate the ratios.
The final ratio resulting from the calibrator normalized Relative Quantification is only a
function of PCR efficiency and of the determined crossing points. It does not require the
knowledge of absolute copy numbers at the detection threshold and thus the analysis does
not determine the actual concentration of DNA in the samples. The calcula­tion of the
calibrator-normalized ratio does not require a standard curve in each LightCycler® 480
run.
The basic prerequisites for accurate Relative Quantification are:
►► If standards are used, the efficiencies of the relative standards and the unknown
samples are identical
►► the efficiencies of both target and reference PCR do not vary from sample to
sample
►► the reference gene is not regulated in the system under investigation
To define the above mentioned parameters, the software uses the entries described in the
following section.
Software Applications
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Quantification
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Identifiers Used by Relative Quantification Analysis
4
Relative Quantification analysis uses the following identifiers:
Property
Description
Valid Values
Sample Name
Name of material of interest.
Alphanumeric value
(≤ 25 characters)
If multiple targets/references are
used, the sample name is used to
identify groups for pairing.
Target Name
Name of the gene target
The term “target” in this
field is different to the
sample type “Target”.
Default value is
“Sample ###”,
where ### is a serial number
Alphanumeric value
(≤ 25 characters)
Default value is blank
e.g., “Gene1” for all samples, standards, calibrators, and negatives
probing gene1
Sample Type
(mandatory)
►► Unknown
Type of sample
►► Positive Control/Calibrator
►► Negative Control
►► Standard
Target Type
(mandatory)
►► Target
Type of target
►► Reference
►► Unassigned
D
Unassigned is excluded
from all Relative Quantification calculations
If you perform an experiment using different filter combinations, make sure you select
the appropriate filter combination for entering the sample information.
Auto Pairing
LightCycler 480® Software allocates targets and references according to the following
rules:
Identical Sample
Names for Target
and References
184
Target Name
Auto Pairing
- (default)
- (default)
According to shape rules corresponding to pipetting schemes
(e.g., rows, columns, blocks)
+
+
According to the definitions in the
Sample Editor
+
-
No Auto Pairing possible
-
+
No Auto Pairing possible
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
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Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.4
Performing a Basic Relative Quantification Experiment
The Basic Relative Quantification method is based on the ΔΔCT-Method. Therefore it
always uses the following settings:
4
►► Fit Points for Cp calculation
►► Predefined efficiency (no standards required)
►► In-Run references for calculation
►► All to Mean as pairing rule if multiple target/reference names are defined (for more
information see section Pairing Rules for multiple target/reference genes)
►► Full plate (subsets are not considered in the analysis)
A Basic Relative Quantification experiment is an amplification experiment containing
►► tar­get unknowns
►► reference unknowns
►► calibrators (optional)
►► negatives (optional)
To perform a Basic Relative Quantification experiment:
�
Perform an amplification experiment.
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Rel Quant.
�
Define the properties for the samples.
D
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the parameters defined in section Identifiers Used by Relative
­Quantification Analysis for calculation.
�
As Basic Relative Quantification always uses the full plate for analysis, you must
ensure that the target type for unused positions remains Unassigned.
►►►
Software Applications
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Quantification
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�
Click Analysis in the Module bar.
In the Create New Analysis dialog box, select Basic Relative Quantification.
4
�
The Relative Quantification analysis screen opens.
The results are calculated automatically.
D
To check the noise band settings proceed with section Viewing the Results.
■
If you want to change the predefined settings, you can perform an Advanced Relative
Quantification analysis (see section Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification
Experiment).
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4.3.5
Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment
The Advanced Relative Quantification method not only allows you to determine the relative ratio - it extends and improves this concept by enabling
4
►► Cp calling via either Fit Points or Second Derivative Maximum methods
►► reference analysis via either In-Run references or External Reference experiments
►► pairing rules for multiple target/reference genes
►► the use of standards
►► the use of subsets
This type of quantitative analysis is not only suited for gene expression analysis, but
can also be applied for studies on the DNA level, e.g., determination of gene dosage
values. In this case, use a single copy gene as reference in the same sample material.
Preferentially, select a single copy gene located on the identical chromosome as the
target sequence of interest.
The Advanced Relative Quantification experiment contains
►► tar­get and reference unknowns
►► tar­get and reference standards (optional)
►► tar­get and reference calibrators (optional)
►► tar­get and reference negatives (optional)
The references can be measured in a separate experiment.
To perform an Advanced Relative Quantification experiment:
Before you perform an Advanced Relative Quantification analysis, you must decide how
to provide the efficiency value for the targets and for the references. If you do not want to
use Efficiency E=2 or predefined efficiency values, you have the following two options:
►► Including relative standards in the current experiment to generate a relative standard
curve
►► Importing external relative standard curves
D
If in-run standards are defined, these standards overrule all efficiency values defined
in the Sample Editor.
�
Perform an amplification experiment.
�
(Optional) Define the subset that will be analyzed: Refer to section Working with
­Subsets for details. If no subset is defined, the software will analyze the whole plate
and automatically identify empty sample locations as negative.
Include an external reference experiment if necessary.
►►►
Software Applications
187
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Rel Quant.
�
Define the properties for the samples.
4
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the parameters defined in section Identifiers Used by Relative
­Quantification Analysis for calculation.
D
In an Advanced Relative Quantification analysis the software additionally uses the following parameters:
�
Property
Description
Valid Values
Concentration
(optional)
Concentration of a standard sample.
Concentration value
Efficiency
PCR efficiency of a target
Numeric value:
If serial dilutions of a gene target are
available, the software will calculate
the exact PCR efficiency by default
and using the value entered here.
1 < Efficiency < 3
This field is active only when
the Sample Type is Standard.
Default value is 2.00
Click Analysis in the Module bar.
In the Create New Analysis dialog box, select Advanced Relative Quantification.
►►►
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�
The Create New Analysis dialog opens. Select an analysis subset and an experimental program from the Program list (this is usually the Amplification program). If you
wish, you can change the analysis name (the default name is “analysis type for subset
name”). Click
.
4
►►►
D
Software Applications
189
Quantification
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�
A further dialog opens which lets you select the following options.
4
Abs Quant Type
D
Select the type of subordinate Absolute Quantification analysis to be performed for
each gene target. For more information please refer to section Absolute Quantification
Analysis.
Subordinate Abs Quant Analysis
Each Relative Quantification analysis bases on two or more subordinate Absolute
Quantification analyses.
Select how the software identifies different gene-targets:
►► Create by Target Name: The software identifies gene targets by the target name
that was entered in step 4.
►► Create by Filter Combination: The software identifies gene targets by the filter
combination that was used in step 4.
►►►
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Reference Analysis
Select the location of the reference samples:
►► Create In-Run: The reference samples are included in the experiment.
►► Select External: The reference samples are stored in a separate experiment.
4
►► Click the Select reference experiment button to select the separate experiment.
►► The software displays a file selection dialog. Select the external experiment
and click
.
The reference samples for the selected subset are then imported into the current experiment. The reference data cannot be changed after importing. If you
change the external reference experiment after importing it into the Relative
Quantification analysis, the software will not recognize this. You must create a
new Relative Quantification analysis to use the changed reference data.
Pairing Rules for Multiple Target/Reference Genes
Select the result sets that are automatically created from target|reference pairs,
e.g., Targets: T1, T2; References: R1, R2
►► One to One:
One target is paired with one reference according to the pipetting scheme,
e.g., T1|R1, T2|R2
D
►► All to All:
Each target is paired with each reference,
e.g., T1|R1, T1|R2, T2|R1, T2|R2
►► All to Mean:
Pairs each target with all references. The geometric mean of the resulting ratios is
calculated,
e.g., T1/R(all) = (T1/R1 x T1/R2)1/2 and T2/R(all) = (T2/R1 x T2/R2)1/2
►► Mean to All:
Pairs all targets with each reference. The geometric mean of the resulting ratios is
calculated,
e.g., T(all)/R1 = (T1/R1 x T2/R1)1/2 and T(all)/R2 = (T1/R2 x T2/R2)1/2
For more information refer to section Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets.
►►►
Software Applications
191
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
Default Standard Curve Settings
This option is irrelevant if internal standards are available for every gene target.
4
If no internal standards for a gene target are available, you may select
►► Always use Efficiency: The PCR efficiency entered in the Sample Editor will be
used.
►► Allow External Standards with Matching Target Name: The software searches
the database for a standard curve with the same target names and calculates
the exact PCR efficiency.
For more information refer to section External Standard Curves.
D
192
The settings you make in the Create new analysis dialog cannot be changed after
the analysis has been created. If you want to apply different settings you must
create a new analysis.
�
Click
.
�
The Relative Quantification Analysis screen opens.
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Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.6
Performing a Relative Quantification Analysis
All options are automatically pre-set by the software. If you do not want to change any
settings you can just click the Calculate button and continue with section Viewing the
Results.
4
To view and edit subordinate analyses:
�
The Results tab is displayed by default.
By default the Manual Pairing tab is enabled in an Advanced Relative Quantification analysis, and disabled in a Basic Relative Quantification analysis. In both
analysis types you can enable/disable the Manual Pairing tab in the Rel Quant
Settings window (see step 2).
It is possible to apply a Color Compensation object for multicolor experiments if
­necessary. For more information see section To Apply Color Compensation.
Click the Target Name tab to view the settings relating to gene targets.
►►►
Software Applications
D
193
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
�
4
D
If you want to change any general settings, click the Settings button.
The Rel Quant Settings dialog opens with the following options:
Ratios
Check the results you want to have displayed in the Results table and the bar chart.
The ratio errors are always displayed in the bar chart.
Results Table
Check the results you want to have displayed in the Results table.
Manual Pair Editing
Check this option to enable the Manual Pairing tab.
Median/Mean Setting
Select your preferred method of averaging:
►► Mean: calculates a mathematically exact average.
►► Median: uses the middle value in a set of values. This method compensates for
statistical mavericks (single values that are extremely high or extremely low).
Logarithmic/Linear Bar Chart
Select your preferred method of scaling the bar chart:
►► Linear: If the results cover only one or two orders of magnitude or the display
should be straight proportional, this is the preferred option.
►► Logarithmic: If the results cover several orders of magnitude, this is the preferred
option.
►►►
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Relative Quantification Analysis
�
If you want to change any options relating to a gene target,
►► either select a single sample in the Sample View tab (only after the analysis is
calculated),
►► or select the Target Name tab, then select the appropriate subordinate analysis.
4
This enables the Show Abs Quant button.
The software displays the subordinate Absolute Quantification analysis of the selected
gene target. If you want to check the result of the analysis, click the Calculate button
at any time.
►►►
Software Applications
D
195
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
Source of Target Standards
4
To set the source of the standard curve used in the subordinate Absolute Quantification analysis and for PCR efficiency calculation, use the Standard Curve multi-select
button.
Select one of the following options:
►► Save as External: Save a calculated standard curve for use with other experiments.
►► Std Curve (In Run): The standard curve is calculated from a dilution series in the
current experiment.
►► Std Curve (External): The standard curve is loaded from the database. A dialog
opens which lets you select a suitable external standard curve:
D
Your experiment may include one standard for the gene target with a defined
concentration. You must have user rights to use the curve.
►► Set Efficiency: The standard curve is calculated from the efficiency that was
defined in the Sample Editor.
The efficiency is applied when either no in-run standard or one in-run standard
with a given concentration is defined for the gene target. Concentrations for the
gene target samples are only calculated when one in-run standard with a given
concentration is defined for the gene target.
Deselect Samples
To exclude samples from the analysis, double-click the checkboxes of the sample in
the Results table:
Fit Point Method Options
These settings are only available if Fit Points was selected as Abs Quant Type during
creation of the analysis.
To change the settings of the Cp detection, use
►► The Cycle Range tab
►► The Noise Band tab
►► The Analysis tab
For more information please refer to section Absolute Quantification Analysis.
►►►
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Second Derivative Method Options
These settings are only available if 2nd Derivative Max was selected as Abs Quant Type
during creation of the analysis.
To change the settings of the Cp detection, use the multi-select button:
4
For more information please refer to section Absolute Quantification Analysis.
�
Click Back to RelQuant to return to the Relative Quantification Analysis screen.
�
If you want to change any settings relating to target|reference pairing, select the
Manual Pairing tab.
If the Manual Pairing tab is not available, click the Settings button and check the
option Enable Manual Pair Editing (see above).
D
The software displays the pairs that were generated automatically.
You may
►► Edit pairings
►► Specify correction and multiplication factors
For more information please refer to section Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets.
�
Click Calculate.
■
Software Applications
197
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.7
4
To view results on the Results tab:
�
�
D
Viewing the Results
Select the Results tab to view detailed results for each result set.
The Results Table displays one row with the following information for each paired
result set and each calibrator set:
►► Bar chart: The selected result sets are displayed in the Bar Chart. If you want
to exclude a result set from the bar chart, deselect the checkbox by doubleclicking it.
►► Pairing: name of the result set (empty for calibrators).
►► Sample Name: name of sample in the result set as defined in the Sample
Editor. (Usually this is just one sample name; manual pairing also allows several
sample names.)
►► Target Name: names of the gene targets in the result set.
►► Target Mean/Median Cp: crossing point of the target.
►► Reference Mean/Median Cp: crossing point of the reference.
►► Error of the Cp (not displayed as default): the standard deviation of sample
replicates.
►► Ratio Target/Ref: concentration ratio of the target and reference in this result
set.
►► Target/Ref Ratio Error (not displayed as default): the standard deviation of all
target/reference combinations of sample replicates.
►► Ratio Normalized: concentration ratio of the target and reference in this result
set, normalized with the calibrators for this result set.
►► Normalized Ratio Error (not displayed as default): the standard deviation of all
target/reference/calibrator combinations of sample replicates.
►► Status: any special information relating to the result set.
►►►
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�
The Bar Chart displays one set of bars for each paired result set and each calibrator
set selected in the Results Table:
►► The height of the left bar indicates the target/reference ratio of the result set;
the right bar shows the normalized value.
4
►► Each bar displays the statistical standard deviation of the value as an error
range as a capped line.
If you place the mouse pointer over a column, more detailed data is displayed:
■
4.3.8
Pairing Samples and Creating Result Sets
Auto Pairing
The software creates Result Sets automatically. These consist of
►► A target
►► A reference
►► A calibrator (optional)
The Result Sets are displayed on the Manual Pairing tab. The Relative Quantification module applies the following rules to auto-pair target and reference samples:
►► Target and references with matching Sample Names are paired.
►► Gene targets and calibrators with matching Target Names are paired. Calibrators are
only used if every gene target can be paired with a calibrator.
►► If no Target Names and no identical Sample Names are defined, the software tries to
identify Result Sets based on pattern recognition. If the shape of the sample positions
of the targets matches the shape of the sample positions of the references then these
targets and references are paired.
D
After the identification of targets and references, the software offers the following pairing
rules. The examples are based on the targets: T1, T2 and references: R1, R2
►► One to One: One target is paired with one reference according to the pipetting scheme,
e.g., T1|R1, T2|R2
►► All to All: Each target is paired with each reference,
e.g., T1|R1, T1|R2, T2|R1, T2|R2
►► All to Mean: Pairs each target with all references. The geometric mean of the resulting
ratios is calculated,
e.g., T1/R(all) = (T1/R1 x T1/R2)1/2 and T2/R(all) = (T2/R1 x T2/R2)1/2
►► Mean to All: Pairs all targets with each reference. The geometric mean of the resulting
ratios is calculated,
e.g., T(all)/R1 = (T1/R1 x T2/R1)1/2 and T(all)/R2 = (T1/R2 x T2/R2)1/2
Software Applications
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Quantification
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Manual Pairing
4
Use the Manual Pairing tab to manually define Result Sets. You can further specify correction and multiplication factors for the sets.
To manually pair samples and create Result Sets:
�
D
The Manual Pairing tab displays two Sample Selectors: the upper one for target samples, the lower one for reference samples. Only the unknown and calibrator samples
in the active subset are available for selection. All other sample positions are inactive.
�
The Auto Pair button is only enabled if no Result Sets are defined.
To create a new Result Set, perform the following steps:
►► Click the + button in the Pairs list to add a new Result Set.
►► Select the unknown target (in the upper sample selector) and unknown reference (in the lower sample selector) that form a pair.
►► If you want to add calibrators, hold down the <Ctrl> key and click the target
calibrator (in the upper sample selector) and reference calibrator (in the lower
sample selector).
►► Click Apply.
The new Result Set is added to the Pairs list. A Result Set is automatically
assigned the default name “Pairing ###”, where ### is a serial number. The
paired positions are displayed.
►► If you want to rename the new Result Set, click the name in the Pairs list and
type a new name.
�
If you want to apply a correction factor to the Result Set, perform the following
steps:
►► If there is only one target calibrator and one reference calibrator, click the
Correction Factor button.
►► If there is more than one target calibrator or reference calibrator, select the
Correction Factor in the Pairs list.
The correction factor is used to normalize results for lot-to-lot variations of a calibrator. The normalized ratio is divided by the correction factor.
Each new batch of a calibrator should be validated with a “master” calibrator.
►►►
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�
If you want to apply a multiplication factor to the Result Set, perform the following
steps:
4
►► If there is only one target calibrator and one reference calibrator, click the
Multiplication Factor button.
►► If there is more than one target calibrator or reference calibrator, select the
Multiplication Factor in the Pairs list.
A multiplication factor might be used to adjust the final calibrator-normalized relative ratios to a reasonable value. The normalized ratio is multiplied by the multiplication factor. The multiplication factor thus only has “cosmetic” function for easier
reading and interpretation of results.
�
Create further Result Sets as needed.
Click Calculate.
■
To view amplification curves for the samples in a Result Set:
►► Select the Results tab. The Result Sets are displayed in the Pairing column.
►► Select the Sample View tab.
►► In the Results table select the pairs to be displayed in the Sample View.
►► In the Sample View select the positions to be displayed in the Amplification Curves
chart.
If only one target name is selected in the Sample View list, the Show Abs Quant button
is enabled.
D
Software Applications
201
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
4.3.9
4
External Standard Curves
To create a statistically valid standard curve, consider the concentration range of samples
to be analyzed and the required standard deviation:
►► Include standard concentrations that cover at least 3-5 orders of magnitude in the
range of the samples to be analyzed.
►► For Relative Quantification analysis it is not necessary to know the copy number/concentration of the diluted standards. Selecting a calibrator enables the use of relative
standards, e.g., dilution series of mRNA or cRNA.
►► Use a minimum of 4-5 dilution steps (e.g., 1:10 dilutions).
►► Use 3-6 replicates of each standard, to ensure a statistically valid result.
If the external standard is to be applied automatically in the subsequent ­Relative Quantification analysis, the target names defined for the standards and defined in the Relative
Quantification analysis must match.
To generate external standard curves:
�
D
Perform an amplification experiment containing the relative standards for your
target and reference gene (see section Performing an Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment). Apply the same experimental protocol you will use for your Relative
Quantification experiment.
�
Enter the concentration for the dilution steps of target (T) and reference (R) standards
in the Sample Editor.
�
Create a new Advanced Relative Quantification analysis (see section Performing an
Advanced Relative Quantification Experiment, step 3 to 7).
The Relative Quantification analysis screen opens with the Results tab.
�
Click the Calculate button to calculate the standard curve.
Click the Target Name tab and select the gene target.
Click the Show Abs Quant button.
►►►
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The subordinate absolute quantification analysis opens.
�
The standard curve is displayed.
4
Click the standard curve multi select button and select Save as external.
Now you can save the standard curves as external standard curve.
�
Apply a meaningful name to the external standard curve and click OK to save it in
the StdCurve directory.
■
4.3.10
Supplementary Information
Invalidating the Analysis
The following changes invalidate the Relative Quantification analysis and require to recalculate the analysis:
►► Changing the target or reference standard curve or efficiencies
►► Checking/un-checking samples to be included in calculations
D
►► Changing samples types (creating new standards or removing standards)
►► Changing standard concentrations
►► Changing the source of the efficiency value (external standard curve, internal standard
curve, or efficiency = 2)
►► Adding or deleting a pairing set
►► Changing correction or multiplication factors
►► Changing Color Compensation status (on/off/selected object)
►► Applying a template
►► Changing the currently selected channel of targets or references
Updating an external reference experiment after the experiment has been imported
does neither update nor invalidate the analysis.
Relative Quantification Template
A Relative Quantification analysis template contains the following settings:
►► Filter combinations of target and references
Software Applications
203
Quantification
Relative Quantification Analysis
4
If you want to apply a template to an experiment that does not use the target or reference filter combinations defined in the template, a warning message will appear and
the template will not be applied.
►► Target/reference/calibrators pairing information (by position)
If the pairing information of the template is not consistent with the sample properties
used in the current experiment, the template will not be applied.
►► Target and reference experiment subsets
When a template is applied, the software checks whether the current experiment contains a subset with the same name and the same well positions as the subset in the
template.
►► If the current experiment does not contain a subset with the same name, the software will create the subset.
►► If the current experiment does contain a subset with the same name, but with
different well positions as the subset in the template, the template will not be
applied.
►► List of subordinate analyses for each target name or filter combination
►► Target types
When a template is applied, the software compares the target names defined in the
current experiment with the target names defined in the template.
►► If any target name defined in the current experiment is of a different type than
in the template, the template will not be applied and an error message will be
displayed.
D
►► If any target name defined in the current experiment is not defined in the template,
the template will not be applied and an error message will be displayed.
►► Sample types for pairing
When a template is applied, the software checks whether any position is not of the
correct type in the current experiment for a pairing in the template. In this case the
template will not be applied and an error message will be displayed.
►► Standard curve information of target and references. The external standard curves are
saved with the template.
►► Color Compensation. The CC objects are saved with the template.
►► All display settings
►► Correction and multiplication factors
►► Include/exclude setting for the pairs in the bar chart
►► Auto pairing rule
►► Manual pairing
If the template has manual pairing disabled, no pairs are loaded from the template when the template is applied. Auto pairing is run after the template is applied.
If the template has manual pairing enabled, then pairs are stored in the template and
added from the template when the template is applied.
►► Absolute quantification analysis type (Fit Points or Second Derivative Maximum
method)
►► External reference experiment
If the template uses an external reference experiment, the software opens a dialog
where you can select the reference experiment, program, and subset. If you cancel this
dialog, the template cannot be applied.
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Result Control Concept
The LightCycler® 480 Relative Quantification Software applies a control concept to assess
whether a result is valid, uncertain, or invalid. Uncertain result values are displayed in
brackets, while “invalid” or no value is displayed for invalid results.
4
See the table below for an overview of possible result states. Brackets indicate that the status column in the Results table will contain the corresponding information.
Targets/References
Calibrators
Concentration
Ratio
Normalized
Ratio
Positive/Positive
Positive
Ratio
Ratio
Negative or Uncertain
Ratio
Invalid
Positive/Uncertain,
Positive
[Ratio]
[Ratio]
Uncertain/Positive,
Negative or Uncertain
[Ratio]
Invalid
Positive
Zero
Zero
Negative or Uncertain
Zero
Invalid
Positive
[Zero]
[Zero]
Negative or Uncertain
[Zero]
Invalid
All
Invalid
Invalid
-
Invalid
Invalid
-
Invalid
Invalid
Uncertain/Uncertain
Negative/Positive
Negative/Uncertain
Positive/Negative,
Uncertain/Negative,
Negative/Negative
Any Invalid
(unknown, reference or
calibrator)
Failed standard curve
Software Applications
If all selected calibrator replicates in a result set are positive, the normalized concen­
tration ratio is calculated.
If at least one selected calibrator replicate in a result set is not positive, the normalized
concentration ratio is invalid.
If the normalized concentration ratio is not invalid, and the sample concentration
ratio is bracketed, then the normalized concentration ratio is bracketed.
D
205
Tm Calling Analysis
Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products and Genotypes
Tm Calling Analysis
5
5
This section explains how to use melting temperature profiles to identify DNA products
and to genotype samples.
5.1
Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products
and Genotypes
The temperature at which a DNA strand separates or melts when heated can vary over a
wide range, depending on the sequence, the length of the strand, and the GC content of
the strand. For example, melting temperatures can vary for products of the same length
but different GC/AT ratio, or for products with the same length and GC content, but
with a different GC distribution. Also, base pair mismatches between two DNA mole­cules
lead to a decrease in melting temperature. This effect is more pronounced for short DNA
hybrids and is, thus, the basis for probe-based genotyping analysis: A perfectly matched
(e.g., wildtype-specific) probe will melt at a higher temperature than the mis­matched
probe bound to a target sequence carrying a single-base mutation.
The purpose of Melting Curve analysis is to determine the characteristic melting temper­
ature of the target DNA and to identify or genotype products based on their melting
temperature.
D
To analyze sample melting temperature profiles, the fluorescence of the samples must be
monitored while the temperature of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument thermal blockcycler
is steadily increased. As the temperature increases, sample fluorescence decreases. In the
case of the double-stranded DNA-specific dye SYBR Green I or ResoLight dye, this is due
to the separation of the DNA strands and consequently the release of SYBR Green I molecules. For single-labeled probes and hybridization probes, this is due to the separation
of target-probe hybrids resulting either in quenching of the reporter dye or in the spatial
separation of the dye molecules. Both lead to a consequent drop in fluorescence.
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument Tm Calling analysis software module calculates for each
sample the melting temperature, the melting peak, height, width and the area under each
melting peak. Use the Tm Calling analysis to identify characteristic melting profiles of
DNA products or target-probe hybrids.
5.1.1
Defining a Melt Program
A melting temperature analysis can be performed on any experiment that includes a melt
program. A melt program is usually performed after amplification of the target DNA. A
typical melt program includes three segments:
►► The samples are rapidly heated to a temperature high enough to denature all DNA
molecules.
►► The samples are cooled to below the annealing temperature of the target DNA.
►► The samples are slowly heated while measuring sample fluorescence as the target DNA
melts.
You can use melting temperatures from +20 to +95°C. Please note that samples should
be cooled to 20°C only for a short time (<15 min).
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Using Melting Curve Profiles to Identify DNA Products and Genotypes
5.1.2
Content of a Melting Temperature Analysis
A melting temperature analysis uses the fluorescence measurements of the melt program
to determine the melting temperature of each sample. The melting temperature (or Tm) of
a sample is defined as the point at which half of the DNA has melted or half of the probes
have melted off the DNA.
5
The analysis displays a Melting Curves chart of sample fluorescence versus temperature.
The chart shows the downward curve in fluorescence for the samples as they melt. The
analysis also displays a Melting Peaks chart that plots the first negative derivative of the
sample fluorescent curves. In this chart, the melting temperature of each sample appears
as a peak. Displaying the melting temperatures as peaks makes it easier to distinguish each
sample’s characteristic melting profile and to discern differences between samples.
The following figure shows a melting curve chart and a melting peak chart from a Tm
Calling analysis of a SYBR Green I experiment as an example how melting temperature
analysis can be used for DNA product characterization:
D
Both samples analyzed show a prominent and sharp peak from a DNA product having a
Tm of 86°C, representing the desired PCR product. The blue sample shows in addition a
weak and broad peak with Tm 77°C, representing an unspecific by-product such as primerdimers.
Software Applications
207
Tm Calling Analysis
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
5.2
5
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
You can perform a Tm Calling analysis on any experiment that includes a melt program.
During a melt program, the decrease in fluorescence of the samples is monitored while the
temperature is steadily increased to melt the DNA or melt probes off the target strands.
The reasons for the decrease of fluorescence during melting are different for the various
detection formats:
►► In the case of DNA-binding dyes (SYBR Green I, ResoLight) this is due to the separation of DNA strands and consequently the release of dye molecules. As these dyes only
fluoresce at 530 nm if bound to double-stranded DNA, melting drastically decreases
fluorescence at this wavelength. The melting temperature, or Tm, is defined as the point
at which half of the DNA is double-stranded and single-stranded.
►► In the case of hybridization probes, the separation of target-probe hybrids results in
the spatial separation of the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) partners
and in a drop of fluorescence from the reporter dye at a certain temperature. The melting temperature, or Tm, is defined as the point at which half the probes have melted off
their target DNA sequence.
►► In the case of single-labeled probes, fluorescence is emitted from the reporter dye
when the probe is hybridized to its target sequence. Fluorescence is quenched when
the probe is free floating in solution. Again, the melting temperature, or Tm, is defined
as the point at which half the probes have melted off their target DNA sequence.
After amplification in a hydrolysis probe PCR assay, all probes are digested. Thus,
Melting Curve analysis cannot be performed.
D
The analysis displays a chart of the melting curves of samples which shows the drop in
fluorescence. The software also charts the first negative derivative of the melting curves,
which displays the melting temperatures of the samples as peaks. When sample melting
temperatures are displayed as peaks, it is easier to discern small differences in the melting
profiles of the samples.
The analysis result data includes the melting temperature of each sample as well as area
under each peak.
The Tm Calling analysis uses automated algorithms to find the peak areas and melting
temperatures. Additionally, you can also determine melting temperatures and peak areas
manually.
The automatic Tm Calling algorithm requires that you start the melt program at least
7°C before and end it at least 3°C after the expected Tm value.
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Performing Tm Calling Analysis
To perform automated Tm Calling analysis:
�
Create and run an experiment or open an existing experiment that contains a melt
program.
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Tm.
5
For Tm Calling analysis, no properties have to be edited in the Sample Editor.
�
Click Analysis in the Module bar.
�
From the Create New Analysis list, select Tm Calling. In the Create New Analysis dialog,
select an analysis subset and a program in the experiment (typically there is only one
program, which is selected by default). Click
The Analysis screen opens.
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►►►
Software Applications
209
Tm Calling Analysis
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
�
5
If this is a multicolor experiment, click the Filter Comb button to open the ­Filter
­Combination dialog. Select the filter combination for the targets you want to analyze.
Use the Color Compensation multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on or off
and to select a Color Compensation object.
�
Decide the minimum number of melting peaks you expect. You can choose between
Max Peaks (2 or less) or Max Peaks (6 or less). Select 2 or less for a typical genotype
experiment. Choose 6 or less for curves with many peaks.
Click the Max Peaks button in the Action button area to toggle between the two
options.
When using the SYBR Green I Format (see next step), it is recommended that
you apply the Max Peaks (2 or less) option only.
We recommend that melting peaks have at least a Δ Tm of 4°C to achieve a good
resolution.
�
Select the detection format that was used in your experiment from the Format multiselect button. You can choose between HybProbe Format, SYBR Green I Format, and
Simple Probe Format. Click the arrow-down button and make your selection.
D
Selecting one of the format options changes the analysis algorithm according to
the specific demands of the detection chemistry.
�
By default, all samples are included in result calculations; to remove a sample from
result calculations, double-click the checkbox next to the sample name to clear the
checkbox or press the <Space> key.
�
Click Calculate to complete the Tm Calling analysis.
��
To view analysis results, click and drag the left border of the chart section to the right
to display all the result data. Results include the Sample Selector with the legend and
the Sample Table.
►►►
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Performing Tm Calling Analysis
��
►► Use the checkboxes of the Results table Display area to select which type of result
you want to display in the table.
►► Use the Legend Property Selector to display colors by result, by sample types, by
sample preferences or by replicate groups. Use the colored Legend Property buttons to select display of samples with certain properties in the MWP image, the
Results table and in the charts.
5
If you choose Tm results in the Legend Property Selector the selection depends on
the result call, i.e., the number of peaks found. The Results table of a Tm Calling
­Analysis displays the following results:
D
Result
Description
Tm1
The melting temperature for the first peak in the sample.
Area1
The area under the first peak.
Width1
The width of the first peak.
Height1
The height of the first peak.
Tm2
The melting temperature for the second peak for the sample, if any.
Area2
The area under the second peak.
Width2
The width of the second peak.
Height2
The height of the second peak.
►►►
Software Applications
211
Tm Calling Analysis
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
5
��
If there are additional peaks and the appropriate setting is chosen, the results
display them as Tm3, Area3, etc. (Only in Max Peaks (6 or less) mode.)
Sometimes there is a shoulder visible on the side of a peak. If you want to see
the result data for these shoulder peaks, select Shoulders from the Display area.
To hide them, deselect Shoulders.
In the example below, there is a shoulder at 50°C.
Result data for this shoulder is only displayed if Shoulders is selected:
Shoulders
deselected
Shoulders
selected
D
��
Note that the shoulder data are now displayed in the
columns for the first peak, while the data of the main peak
are displayed in the columns for the second peak. This is
because peak data is sorted ascending by Tm automatically.
The analysis contains two charts. By default the upper chart displays the melting
curves. The lower chart always displays the melting peak chart.
For a detailed description of the Analysis window see section Using the Analysis
­Window.
■
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Performing Tm Calling Analysis
As an example a Tm Calling analysis of a HybProbe assay is shown below. Results are calculated for all samples in the experiment. Sample curves are displayed for the highlighted
samples: The samples have two melting peaks, each peak represents a different genotype
of the target gene.
5
D
Software Applications
213
Tm Calling Analysis
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
To perform manual Tm Calling analysis:
�
Create and run an experiment or open an existing experiment that contains a melt
program. Perform an automated Tm Calling Analysis.
5
The manual Tm method becomes active only after the Tm Calling analysis has
been calculated.
�
Select one or more samples from the sample list to edit their calculated melting peaks.
�
Select the Manual Tm Method checkbox.
Depending on the Max Peaks setting, two or six Tm checkboxes are displayed below
the Melting Peaks chart.
D
214
�
Indicators are located at the automatically calculated Tm values. If multiple
samples are highlighted in the sample list, indicators of the first sample in the
selected sample list are displayed.
Click a Tm checkbox to display a manual Tm indicator and a Tm field. The color of the
indicator matches the selected Tm checkbox.
►►►
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Tm Calling Analysis
Performing Tm Calling Analysis
To change a Tm value, place the cursor on the vertical Tm indicator. The cursor changes
to a double-pointed arrow. Click and drag the line to the desired Tm value.
5
The Tm value is displayed in the Tm field to the right of the Tm checkbox. The areas,
heights and widths of the corresponding Tm are recalculated and displayed in the
sample list for this sample.
�
In the Sample Table, manually edited Tm values are indicated by an asterisk.
It is possible to have both automatically generated and manually generated Tm
values in the same analysis (but not for the same samples).
During the manual Tm editing it is not possible to change the Show Shoulders
display.
To restore the original (automatically calculated) Tm values, deselect Manual Tm
Method, and click the Max Peaks button twice, followed by Calculate.
■
Software Applications
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215
Genotyping
Overview
6
6
Genotyping
6.1
Overview
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most abundant form of genetic varia­
tion accounting for more than 90% of all differences between individuals. In recent years,
genotyping of SNPs has become a key technology for genetic research.
On the LightCycler® 480 System two different methods of SNP analysis are available:
►► Endpoint Genotyping analysis
►► Melting Curve Genotyping analysis
Depending on the chemistry (probe type and format), instrument run and data acquisition mode used, genotyping information can be derived from the amplification curve’s
endpoint signal intensity (endpoint analysis) or from the shape of a melting curve established after the PCR (Melting Curve analysis).
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
Analysis of amplification curve endpoints is normally done by acquiring a fluorescent
signal with two differently labeled hydrolysis probes (one for each allele) in two channels. Endpoint Genotyping provides a method that is easy to access and can be run for
simple experimental setups to analyze a single SNP in well-characterized regions with no
unknown variations expected.
D
For many targets, ready-to-use primers and probes are available commercially and can be
run under identical standard conditions in parallel. They can readily be combined with
LightCycler® 480 reagents and the results analyzed with the Endpoint Genotyping Software module.
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis
probes and
Melting curves obtained with fluorescent hybridization probes (
probes) provide robust information about the sequence under study for
recurrent analysis for a limited, constant set of known SNPs.
Since signal generation and analysis are done post-PCR, there is no influence of PCR efficiency (e.g., when DNA amounts or purity are an issue), making the method more robust
than endpoint analysis. Melting Curve analysis can also deal with unexpected ­additional
SNPs present in the investigated region under the probe. Rather than interfering with the
assay performance, such additional SNPs will result in a variation of the melting curve
shape, which the analysis software will be able to recognize for closer investigation.
To screen for unknown SNPs, the LightCycler® 480 Gene Scanning Software and
­LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting Master reagent are available.
Analysis is done based on acquisition in only one channel for each locus, allowing investigation of several SNPs in parallel in multiplex assays if a different color is chosen for each
SNP. HybProbe probes can also be designed to cover several SNPs under one probe, thus
allowing haplotype analysis.
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Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
6.2
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
6.2.1
Overview
Endpoint Genotyping analysis uses two sequence-specific probes that are designed for
wildtype and mutant target DNA and are labeled with different dyes. The software determines the genotype by measuring the intensity distribution of the two dyes after PCR.
6
The relative dye intensities can be visualized comprehensibly on an scatter plot, simplifying discrimination into wildtype, heterozygous mutant, or homozygous mutant samples.
­LightCycler® 480 Genotyping Software then automatically groups the samples and calls
the genotypes based on the intensity distribution of the two dyes.
Endpoint Genotyping assays utilize hydrolysis probes. Each probe contains two labels,
a fluorescent reporter and a quencher, in close proximity to each other. When the probe
is intact, the quencher dye is close enough to the reporter dye to suppress the reporter
fluorescent signal via a FRET process. During the elongation phase, the hydrolysis probe
is cleaved, separating the reporter and quencher. In the cleaved probe, the reporter is no
longer quenched and emits a fluorescent signal when excited. For more information on
detection formats see section Detection Formats for the L
­ ightCycler® 480 Instrument.
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Software Applications
217
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
6
D
Schematic representation of Endpoint Genotyping with different reporter dyes:
A: Sequence-specific probes with different reporter dyes.
B: During elongation phase, only the fitting probes are cleaved, separating the reporter dye from the
quencher.
C: The cleaved reporter dye is no longer quenched end emits a fluorescence signal.
D: The scatterplot displays final fluorescence intensities of several samples allowing an easy discrimination:
High intensities of the Allele X Probe are placed to the right, high intensities of the Allele Y Probe are
placed upwards, high intensities of both Probes are placed up and right, these mark heterozygous
samples.
The ­LightCycler® 480 Endpoint Genotyping analysis software groups similar samples and
automatically calls genotypes. The software shows a graphical representation of the multiwell plate with color-coded genotypes and a corresponding data table. For each sample,
the table displays a called genotype, and a score.
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6.2.2
Principle of Endpoint Genotyping
­ ightCycler® 480 Endpoint Genotyping Software groups samples with similar fluoresL
cence together and identifies each group as a genotype or a negative. The following types
of samples are supported:
►► Unknown: samples to be analyzed
►► Standard (optional): The software uses genotype standards to group unknown samples around the standards and name the genotype after the name of the standard. All
standards are used as positive controls: If any standard sample emits a fluorescence
signal that cannot be distinguished from the negatives, the software displays a warning.
If no standards are defined, the software will group the samples automatically.
6
►► Negative control (optional): If any negative control sample emits a fluorescence signal
that cannot be distinguished from the called samples, the software displays a warning.
After the software has called the genotype, it can be edited for selected samples. If the call
is changed, the status of the result changes to “manually edited”.
Endpoint Genotyping experiments are always multicolor experiments and thereby subject
to color crosstalk. You can suppress the effect of color crosstalk by including a Color Compensation object in the analysis. Nevertheless Endpoint Genotyping analysis does usually
not require Color Compensation because the grouping algorithm is pretty stable against
the influence of color crosstalk.
6.2.3
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Experiment
In an Endpoint Genotyping analysis two measurement modes can be used:
►► PCR Read: The Endpoint Genotyping experiment includes also the amplification in
one run. Endpoint fluorescence values of amplification curves are background-corrected and fluorescence values of both channels are analyzed in a Scatter Plot.
►► Pre/Post Read: If the amplification reactions are performed using a non-real time
block cycler instrument, the resulting endpoint fluorescence is determined by using a
short program (Post Read).
D
Optionally this short program can also be run before the amplification on a block
cycler instrument is performed (Pre Read). This allows background correction of fluorescence values during Endpoint Genotyping analysis to give more precise values.
Software Applications
219
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
To perform Endpoint Genotyping with PCR Read:
�
Perform an experiment containing an amplification program. (If you want to perform
an Endpoint Genotyping experiment without amplification measurements refer to section To perform Endpoint Genotyping with Pre/Post Read.) Whether you need to include
standards in your experiment depends on the analysis mode you want to apply:
►► Auto group analysis: No genotype standards are required.
6
►► In-run standards: Include genotype standards.
You can optionally include control samples:
►► Positive control: Include genotype standards. All genotype standards are used as
positive controls.
►► Negative control: Include your reagent mix without DNA template.
(Optional) Define the subset that will be analyzed: Refer to section Working with
­Subsets for details. If no subset is defined the software will analyze the whole plate
and automatically identify empty sample locations as negative.
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar.
�
Select the workflow Endpt Geno.
�
Define the properties for the samples.
D
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the following parameters for calculation:
Column Name
Description
Valid Values
Endpt Sample
Type
Type of the sample
►► Unknown
Endpt Genotype
Genotype of the standard
►► Negative Control
►► Standard
This field is active only when
the Sample Type is Standard.
Alphanumeric value
(≤ 25 characters)
►►►
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�
Click Analysis in the Module bar.
In the Create New Analysis dialog box, select Endpoint Genotyping.
6
�
The Create new analysis dialog opens. Select an analysis subset and an experimental
program from the Program list (this is usually the PCR program). If you wish, you can
change the analysis name (the default name is “analysis type for subset name”). Click
.
D
►►►
Software Applications
221
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
�
The Create new analysis dialog opens.
6
Select the filter combinations that will be used for genotyping:
►► In the list Allele X: Select the filter combination for the x-axis of the scatter plot.
►► In the list Allele Y: Select the filter combination for the y-axis of the scatter plot.
D
(If you are analyzing an experiment without an amplification program, you can add an
experiment for baseline subtraction by selecting the option Use external experiment for
background correction. Refer to section To perform Endpoint Genotyping with Pre/Post
Read for details.)
�
The Genotyping Analysis screen opens.
�
Continue the analysis as described in the section Performing an Endpoint Genotyping
Analysis.
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Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
To perform Endpoint Genotyping with Pre/Post Read:
LightCycler® 480 Endpoint Genotyping Software determines the genotype of a sample
based on the dual color fluorescence measurement after amplification. With this option it
is possible to run the PCR on non-real-time instruments for very high throughput applications. The software requires a measurement before PCR (optional) for baseline subtraction and a measurement after PCR for analysis.
Use a short endpoint measuring program (post-PCR measurement) and (optionally) import an external experiment for baseline subtraction that includes a pre-PCR measurement.
6
The workflow is essentially the same as described in the section To perform Endpoint
Genotyping with PCR Read. The following changes apply:
�
Instead of creating one experiment with an amplification program, create one or two
experiments:
►► (Optional) A Pre-PCR experiment containing at least one acquisition.
►► A Post-PCR experiment containing at least one acquisition.
Use an identical program for both cases (see the example below).
We recommend that you use the Roche Run Template “Endpoint Genotyping
(Pre-Post Read)” for both the pre-PCR experiment and the post-PCR experiment.
Example:
Roche Run Template Endpoint Genotyping (Pre-Post Read)
D
�
Define subsets and samples in the Post-PCR experiment as described in the section
To perform an Endpoint Genotyping experiment with PCR Read.
►►►
Software Applications
223
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
�
Create a new Endpoint Genotyping analysis. If a Pre Read experiment was performed,
check Use external experiment for background correction.
�
Select the Pre Read experiment in the Navigator Window.
6
D
Color Compensation is usually not necessary for Endpoint Genotyping analysis as
the algorithm is stable against the influence of color crosstalk.
►►►
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Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
�
The Genotyping Analysis screen opens.
6
�
Continue the analysis as described in the section Performing an Endpoint Genotyping
Analysis.
■
6.2.4
Performing an Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
To perform an Endpoint Genotyping analysis:
�
Use the Standards (In Run) multi-select button to select the grouping method you
want to apply.
Standards
(In Run)
Applies grouping using genotyping standard samples included
in the run.
Auto Group
D
If in the Sample Editor samples are defined as standard,
this option is activated by default after creating the analysis.
Applies automated grouping.
If in the Sample Editor no sample is defined as standard,
this option is activated by default after creating the analysis.
►►►
Software Applications
225
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
�
6
(Optional) The Filter Comb button displays the selected Filter Combinations for
Genotyping. Click the button to change the filter combinations that will be used for
genotyping.
(Optional) Color Compensation is usually not necessary for Endpoint Genotyping
analysis, as the algorithm is stable against the influence of color crosstalk.
�
Use the Analysis Mode multi-select button to select the appropriate analysis algorithm setting.
In most cases both settings will result in correct grouping. If the groups are not
separated properly (depending on the PCR chemistry used and the analyzed
­parameters), test both settings for optimized results.
D
�
On the Results tab of the Sample Table, exclude any samples you do not want to be
included in result calculations.
�
Click the Calculate button.
The software calculates genotype groups and assigns a color and name to each
group.
Genotype groups auto-called by the software are named with
►► Allele X: samples that emit a dominant fluorescence signal with the filter combination selected for Allele X
►► Both Alleles: samples that emit a strong fluorescence signal with both filter combinations
►► Allele Y: samples that emit a dominant fluorescence signal with the filter combination selected for Allele Y
►► Negative: samples that emit a weak or no fluorescence signal
If genotype standards are defined in the Sample Editor, the groups are named after
the standard.
►►►
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�
When the calculation is completed, the results are displayed in the MWP image and
the Results table.
Results of an Endpoint Genotyping analysis include the Sample Selector with ­Legend
Property Selector and Legend Property buttons and the Results table.
Use the Legend Property Selector to display colors by result, by sample types, by
sample preferences or by replicate groups. Use the colored Legend Property buttons
to select display of samples with certain properties in the MWP image, the Results
table and in the charts.
6
You can use the Legend Property Selector to select which Legend Property buttons are
displayed. If you choose Endpoint Genotype results, the Selector Filter MWP image and
Results table are displayed as follows:
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►►►
Software Applications
227
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
The results include:
►► Endpoint Fluorescence: Endpoint fluorescence measurement for both filter combinations (two decimal places)
►► Call: Result of the genotyping analysis
►► Score: Score of the sample (0-1, to two decimal places)
►► Status: If the call is changed, the status of the result changes to “manually edited”.
6
For detailed information on the multiwell plate image and the Results table see section
Using the Analysis windows.
�
The Genotyping analysis displays the following charts:
D
The Scatter Plot displays the terminal fluorescence intensities. Every sample is displayed as a mark. High intensities in the Allele X filter combination are placed to the
right, while high intensities in the Allele Y filter combination are placed upwards.
►►►
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Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
By default the Fluorescence tab displays the standard Fluorescence History.
For detailed information on the charts see section Working with Charts.
6
�
Save the analysis by clicking the Save button.
Create a report by clicking the Report button. (See section Generating Reports.)
■
Software Applications
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229
Genotyping
Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
To change genotype calls:
You can manually change any genotype using the New Call option.
6
If you use In-Run Standards grouping, you cannot change the call for standards or negative controls. If you attempt to apply a new call to a selection that includes a used standard
or control, the software will warn you that the selection includes standards or controls that
cannot be changed, and asks you if you want to continue. If you choose to continue, the
software will apply the changes to all samples except in-run standards and controls. If you
choose not to continue, the operation will be canceled.
�
Select the samples to be changed (For details see section Working with Samples in the
Analysis). All samples are selected by default.
�
From the New Call drop-down list below the chart area, select the new call.
Click the Apply button.
If you want to revert a sample to the automatically calculated call, change the genotype to Auto Call.
D
230
All changed calls are marked with the status “manually edited”.
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Endpoint Genotyping Analysis
6.2.5
Supplementary Functions
Endpoint Genotyping Template
A Genotyping analysis template contains the following settings:
►► Filter combination
►► Color Compensation setting (off or current)
6
►► Subset and program
When a template is applied, the software checks whether the current experiment contains a subset with the same name and the same well positions as the subset in the
template.
►► If the current experiment does not contain a subset with the same name, the software creates the subset.
►► If the current experiment does contain a subset with the same name, but the subset
does not contain the same well positions as the subset in the template, the template
cannot be applied.
►► Analysis name
►► Standards (in-run or auto group)
►► Analysis notes
►► Experiment for background correction
►► External baseline setting
When a template with an external baseline experiment is applied, the software displays a dialog where you can select the baseline experiment.
Result Control Concept
The LightCycler® 480 Endpoint Genotyping Software applies a control concept to assess
whether the analysis has passed or failed.
The result control concept is only applied in the grouping mode In Run Standards. It is not
applied for Auto Group analysis mode.
D
►► Negative Controls
►► If every Negative Control is called negative, the control succeeds.
►► If any Negative Control is not called negative, the control fails.
►► If any Negative Control fails, the software will report no results and will inform you
that the Negative Control has failed. The software will inform you which Negative
Control has failed.
►► Standards (act as positive controls)
►► If every Standard is called positive, the control succeeds.
►► If any Standard is not called positive, the control fails and the software will report
no results. The software will inform you which Standards have failed.
►► If Standards with different names have the same call, the control fails.
►► If Standards with the same name have different calls, the control fails.
Software Applications
231
Genotyping
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis
6
6.3
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis
6.3.1
Overview
After PCR is performed, Melting Curve analysis looks at the temperature at which the two
strands of a DNA double helix separate or melt. This temperature depends greatly on its
sequence, length, and GC content. For melting curve genotyping experiments, sequencespecific probes that hybridize to the target DNA are added to a PCR and allowed to anneal
to the reaction products. A melting curve is then generated by slowly heating the amplicon-probe heteroduplex and measuring the changes in fluorescence that result when the
probe melts away from the amplicon. Even a single mismatch between the labeled probe
and the amplicon (e.g., a SNP) will show a significantly reduced melting temperature.
Thus, probe-amplicon heteroduplexes containing destabilizing mismatches melt off at
lower temperatures than probes bound to a perfectly matched target DNA.
By taking the negative first derivative, the melting profile of the heteroduplexes can be
easily visualized and compared, simplifying discrimination into wildtype, heterozygous
mutant, or homozygous mutant samples. LightCycler® 480 Melting Curve Genotyping Software then automatically calls genotypes based on differences in melting curve
shapes.
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Two different probe chemistries are available for genotyping by Melting Curve analysis:
and
(For more detailed information on the probe chemistries see section Detection Formats for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.) HybProbe probes
are easy to design and are well established. They employ the fluorescence reso­nance energy
transfer or FRET principle, which is based on the energy transfer from one fluorescent
molecule (e.g., FLUOS) to another fluorescent molecule (e.g., LightCycler® Red 640). Both
molecules are bound to two separate oligonucleotide probes. This trans­fer only happens
when both probes are annealed to the target DNA in close proximity, and is abolished
as soon as the probes melt off. SimpleProbe probes consist of only one oligonucleotide,
which carries a fluorescent dye and a quencher linked directly to each other. Because of
their conformation, fluorescence is quenched in solution but activated after binding to
the target sequence. With both probe formats, LightCycler® 480 Software monitors the
decrease in fluorescence during the post PCR melting step.
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Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis
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Schematic representation of mutation detection with SimpleProbe (left) or HybProbe probes (right):
A: Destabilizing mismatches cause a significant reduction of melting temperature (Tm)
B: Melting curve
C: Derivative melting peaks
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The LightCycler® 480 Melting Curve Genotyping Software then groups similar melting
curves and auto­matically calls genotypes based on supplied standards and thresholds. The
LightCycler® 480 Melting Curve Genotyping Software analysis screen shows a graphic
representation of the multiwell plate with color-coded genotypes and a corresponding
data table. For each sample, the table displays a called genotype, a Score, and a Resolution
(for more information see section Principle of Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis).
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6.3.2
6
Principle of Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis
LightCycler® 480 Melting Curve Genotyping Software groups samples with similar melting profiles together and identifies each group as a genotype. If you wish, you can import
melting curves (external melting standards) for known genotypes and compare them to
sample melting curves, or you can include melting standards in the experiment (in-run
melting standards).
The raw data of an analysis is displayed as a melting curve graph of sample fluorescence
versus temperature. The graph shows the downward curve in fluo­rescence for the samples
as they melt. The display also includes a graph that plots the first negative derivative of the
sample fluorescent curves. In this graph, the melting tempera­ture of each sample appears
as a peak. Displaying the melting temperatures as peaks makes it easier to distinguish each
sample’s characteristic melting profile and to discern differences between samples.
To determine genotypes, the software analyzes the shapes of all the melting curves. It
compares each individual melting curve profile to a standard, and then makes a “call” (i.e.,
groups the melting curves into genotypes). The software can use three types of melting
standards:
►► Software-defined melting standards (auto group analysis): The software employs algorithms that scan through all the samples and groups them based on similarity of melt
profiles. The software then calculates a representative median melting curve for each
individual group; this becomes the melting standard for that group.
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►► User-defined standard on plate (in-run melting standards): This option allows you to
include one or more previously genotyped samples in the experiment. You can then
specify one sample as a standard for that particular genotype. If more than one sample
of a melting standard for the same genotype is included, then a median melting curve
is calculated from all these samples and used as the standard.
►► Previously defined standard (external melting standards): You can create an external
melting standard object from a melting curve genotyping analysis and then import it
into future runs. How to create external melting standards is described in section To
save an external melting standard object.
LightCycler® 480 Melting Curve Genotyping Software applies a genotyping negative filter
to classify two types of sample groups or calls:
►► Positives, which are grouped into genotypes or Unknowns.
►► Negatives
For the Positives, the software then compares melting curves of individual samples to
the standard melting curves. Thereby it generates two numerical values to describe how
closely individual sample curves can be classified with like curves.
►► The first value is the Score. The score of a sample measures the similarity between the
melting curves of a sample and the standard that is most similar to the sample. If the
melting curves of a sample and a standard are identical, the score of that sample is 1.
If the melting curve of the sample is unlike the melting curve of any of the standards,
the score of that sample is nearly 0.
►► The second value is the Resolution. The resolution of a sample measures the dissimilarity between the melting curve of the sample and the melting curve of the second
most similar standard. If the melting curve of a sample is similar to the melting curve
of only one standard, the resolution of that sample nearly equals the score of that
sample. Alternatively, if the melting curve of a sample is quite similar to the melting
curves of two of the standards, the resolution of that sample is nearly 0.
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You can specify stringency thresholds for both score and resolution in the software. The
threshold value for the score defines the required similarity of a sample to the best match­
ing melting standard, while the threshold value for the resolution defines the required
dissimilarity to the second best matching melting standard. The default values are 0.7 for
the Score Threshold and 0.1 for the Resolution Threshold.
If both the score and resolution value of a sample meets the designated threshold, the
sample is assigned to a genotyping group. If either the score or resolution value of a sam­
ple is below the designated threshold, the sample is called “Unknown”.
6.3.3
6
Performing a Melting Curve Genotyping Experiment
You can perform a melting curve genotyping analysis on any experiment that contains a
melting curve program. The Melting Curve Genotyping Software determines the genotypes of unknown samples by analyzing the shapes of the melting curves of all the samples
and then grouping curves with similar shapes together. The median curve of each group
is defined as the genotype standard for that group. The software compares the melting
curves of individual samples to the standard genotype curves.
You can also include standards with known genotypes in the experiment, or import an
object containing standards. In these cases, the software compares the melting curves of
the individual samples to the designated standards.
The presence of a mutation introduces a mismatch that lowers the temperature at which
the probe melts off the sequence. The melting temperature shift (ΔTm) between a normal
allele-probe match and a mutated allele-probe mismatch causes different fluorescence
profiles, which indicate the presence of the mutation. The difference in melting tempera­
ture depends on the type of mismatch, the mismatch position within the probe sequence,
and the base pairs immediately adjacent to the mismatch.
To perform a Melting Curve Genotyping experiment:
�
Perform an experiment containing an amplification program and a melting curve
program.
There must be at least 15 degrees of temperature data in the melting in the
experiment in order to create a Melting Curve Genotyping analysis.
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Whether you need to include melting standard and control samples in your experiment depends on the analysis mode you want to apply:
►► Auto Group analysis: no melting standard and control samples are required
►► In-run melting standards: include melting standard samples and (optionally)
control samples
►► External melting standards: no melting standard samples are required, include
optional control samples
►►►
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�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Melt Geno.
�
Define the properties for the samples.
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For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the following parameters for calculation:
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Column Name
Description
Valid Values
Sample Type
Type of sample
Choose from dropdown
list:
Genotype
In-run: You need to include
a Melting Standard for
any genotype you want to
detect.
You must annotate Positive
Controls with a genotype,
and a Positive Control can
only be used with a Melting
Standard of the same genotype.
Genotype of melting standard or
positive control samples.
►► Unknown
►► Positive Control
►► Negative Control
►► Melting Standard
Alphanumeric value
(≤ 25 characters)
This field is active only when
the Sample Type is Melting
Standard or Positive Control.
►►►
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�
Click Analysis in the Module bar. In the Create New Analysis dialog box, select ­
Melt Curve Genotyping.
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�
The Create new analysis dialog opens. Select an analysis subset and an experimental program from the Program list (this is usually the Melting Curve program). If you
wish, you can change the analysis name (the default name is “analysis type for subset
name”). Click
.
�
The Genotyping Analysis screen opens.
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To perform a Melting Curve Genotyping analysis:
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�
If this is a multicolor experiment, use the Filter Comb button to select the filter combination used to detect the target.
�
Use the Color Compensation multi-select button to turn Color Compensation on or off
and to select a Color Compensation object.
�
Use the Standards multi-select button to select the grouping method you want to
apply:
Auto Group
Applies automated grouping without melting standard samples.
Applies grouping using melting standard samples included in the
run.
In-run
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If in the Sample Editor no sample is defined as melting standard, this option is activated by default after creating the
analysis.
External
If in the Sample Editor samples are defined as melting
standard, this option is activated by default after creating
the analysis.
Applies grouping using melting standards saved from another
run. Use this option to import a previously saved external melting
standard object. A dialog opens which lets you select a suited
external melting standard object from the database:
The external melting standard object must have been created from an experiment with the same filter combination
and Color Compensation data (if any) as the current experiment. Further, you must have user rights to use the object.
If no appropriate melting standard object is available in your
database, a warning message appears.
If you change the filter combination or CC status and this change
makes the current external melting standard object invalid, the
software asks you if you want to select a new external melting
standard. If you click OK, an external melting standard selection
dialog opens. If you select No or cancel the selection dialog, auto
grouping analysis mode is used.
Select ’Save as ext’ if you would like to save the melting standards included
in the experiment as an external melting standard object for use with other
experiments. This option is only active after you calculated an analysis.
►►►
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�
Click the Settings tab in the Sample Table to modify the analysis setting:
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►► Temperature Range: The option Auto Temperature Range is selected by default.
In this case, the software will automatically set the temperature range. Although it
is recommended that you use the automated option, you can also set the temperature range used to compute genotype calls manually by dragging the
Minimum Temperature and Maximum Temperature sliders or editing the text box
(e.g., if you want to exclude experimental artifacts at the beginning or end of the
melting curve from the analysis).
►► Minimum Temperature: Set the temperature at which the melting analysis is to
begin.
►► Maximum Temperature: Set the temperature at which the melt analysis is to
end.
►► Thresholds: You can adjust both the Score Threshold and Resolution Threshold to
refine the genotyping results. For example, you can increase the Score Threshold
to require that samples more closely match a genotype standard before they can
be classified as that genotype. Both thresholds (score and resolution) have values
between 0 and 1, with a larger number representing a better score or resolution.
That is, if the score and resolution of a curve both equal 1, the curve is identical
to its group’s standard, and is very dissimilar to all other standards. A sample that
has either a score or resolution value below its respective threshold will be classified as an “unknown” genotype.
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►► You can use the slider bars or edit the text boxes to reduce or increase
­stringency.
The default values are 0.7 for the Score Threshold and 0.1 for the Resolution
Threshold (recommended for initial analysis). These values provide a reasonable
balance between producing too many unknowns and making possible wrong
calls. As you raise the thresholds, you increase the chance that a good melt will
be called an unknown. As you lower the thresholds, you increase the chance that
a significantly different melting curve will be incorrectly included in a genotype
group. Anyhow, always optimize the thresholds for the specific assay performed.
►► Sensitivity: The Sensitivity function lets you influence the sensitivity with which
melting peaks are grouped into different Genotyping groups.
►► Normal is the default setting: it generates in maximum six genotyping groups.
If you are not satisfied with the accuracy of the “Normal” setting and want to
separate the melting peaks into more different groups, select High.
►► High associates melting peaks with higher sensitivity into different groups.
High generates in maximum nine genotyping groups.
►► Use the Reset button to reset all fields to the default values.
�
On the Results tab of the Sample Table, exclude any samples you do not want to be
included in result calculations.
►►►
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6
�
Click the Calculate button.
�
When the calculation is completed, the results are displayed in the MWP image and
the Results table.
The software calculates genotype groups and assigns a color and name to each
group.
Results of a Melting Genotyping analysis include the Sample Selector with ­Legend
Property Selector and Legend Property buttons and the Results table.
Use the Legend Property Selector to display colors by result, by sample types, by
sample preferences or by replicate groups. Use the colored Legend Property buttons
to select display of samples with certain properties in the MWP image, the Results
table and in the charts.
If you choose Melt Curve Genotyping results, the MWP image and Results table are
displayed as follows:
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►► Group: Name of the genotype group to which this sample is assigned
Genotype groups auto-called by the software are named with sequential numbers (1, 2, etc.), while groups based on in-run or imported melting standards are
named using the genotype name from the Sample Editor or external standard.
►► Score: Score of the sample (0-1, with two decimal places)
►► Res: Resolution of the sample (0-1, with two decimal places)
►► Status: Status for manually edited calls
►►►
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�
The Legend Property buttons display
►► 9 genotype groups (if you selected high-sensitivity) or 6 genotype groups (if you
selected normal sensitivity).
►► Negative and Unknown genotype groups
Each checkbox has a label displaying the color assigned to the group and a text label
for the genotype or group name.
Checkboxes are displayed, even if the groups are not found in the data.
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Clicking a checkbox causes the wells associated with that group to be selected in the
Sample Selector and to be highlighted in the color associated with the group.
�
The Melting Curve Genotyping analysis displays the following charts:
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►► Upper chart: Melting Curves, which charts sample fluorescence versus temperature. The chart shows the downward curve in fluorescence for the samples as they
melt.
The Melting Curves chart displays vertical bars that indicate the beginning (blue
bar) and the end (green bar) of the selected temperature range. You can change
the min and max temperature by dragging the bars. This is equivalent to changing
the Temperature Range values on the Settings tab.
If the “Auto Temperature Range” option is selected and you drag a temperature
bar, the option will automatically be unchecked.
►► Lower chart: By default the lower charts displays Melting Peaks, which plots the
negative first derivative of the sample fluorescent curves. In this chart, the melting
temperature of each sample appears as a peak.
If the lower chart displays a Fluorescence History chart, you can view any
­program (amplification or melt) and any filter combination.
For a detailed description of the Analysis window see section Using the Analysis
­Window.
►►►
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��
By checking the Show Standards box, you can display the curves of the melting
­­standards in the charts.
■
6
To rename genotype groups:
On the Groups tab of the Sample Table, you can change the name associated with each
genotype.
You can edit group names only for groups generated by Auto Group analysis mode, but
not for groups generated based on internal or external melting standards. You cannot
change Negative or Unknown group names or the number of group boxes that are
displayed.
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242
�
On the Groups tab, double-click the field for the group name.
�
Type a new name in the field. The new name is immediately applied to the Sample
Selector and Results table.
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To change genotype calls:
If you believe the software has not correctly called a sample, you can manually change the
genotype using the New Call option.
�
Select the samples to be changed.
�
From the New Call drop-down list below the chart area, select a genotype group
name, or Unknown or Negative.
�
Click the Apply button.
�
Selecting a genotype group from the New Call list and clicking Apply, changes all
samples currently displayed in the charts to the new call.
For a description of the Results table see section Working with Samples in the A
­ nalysis.
6
Selecting Auto Call from the New Call list and clicking Apply causes all samples currently displayed in the charts to revert to their automatically calculated calls.
All manually modified calls are marked in the Results table and in reports.
The status column in the Results table has a colored background and displays
the text *-Manually edited.
You cannot edit the call for positive controls or negative controls. When in-run
standards are selected, you are not able to edit the call for in-run standards. If
you attempt to apply a new call to a selection that includes an in-run standard or
control, the software will warn you that the selection includes in-run standards
or controls that cannot be changed, and asks you if you want to continue. If you
choose to continue, the software will apply the changes to all samples except
in-run standards and controls. If you choose not to continue, the operation will
be canceled.
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To save an external melting standard object:
A melting standard object consists of the melting curve data of known genotypes. You can
create an external melting standard object from any calculated Genotyping analysis that
either contains in-run melting standards or is generated by Auto Group analysis mode.
To save an external melting standard object, it is not necessary that melting standard
samples are defined in the Sample Editor. If melting standards are saved from an Auto
Group analysis, the median sample of each individual group is saved as a melt­ing
standard. The samples selected as group specific melting standards can be visual­ized
by selecting the Show Standards checkbox.
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244
�
Click the Standards multi-select button and select Save as ext.
�
In the Save Melt Standard dialog select a destination to save the object. The default
location is the Melt Std folder within the Special Data directory.
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6.3.4
Supplementary Functions
Melting Curve Genotyping Analysis Template
A Genotyping analysis template contains the following settings:
►► Filter combination
►► Color Compensation setting (off or current)
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►► Subset and program
When a template is applied, the software checks whether the current experiment contains a subset with the same name and the same well positions as the subset in the
template.
►► If the current experiment does not contain a subset with the same name, the software creates the subset.
►► If the current experiment does contain a subset with the same name, but the subset
does not contain the same well positions as the subset in the template, the template
cannot be applied.
►► Analysis name
►► Melt Standards (auto group, in-run, or external)
►► Analysis notes
►► Min/max temp and optimize temperature setting, score threshold, resolution threshold, and sensitivity
Result Control Concept
The LightCycler® 480 Genotyping Software applies a control concept to assess whether
the analysis has passed or failed. The result control concept is only applied when internal
or external melting standards are used; it is not applied for Auto Group analysis mode.
►► Positive Controls
►► If every Positive Control is called positive and matches its assigned genotype, the
control succeeds.
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►► If any Positive Control is called positive but does not match its assigned genotype,
the control fails.
►► If any Positive Control is called negative the control fails.
►► If any Positive Control fails, the software will report no genotypes and will inform
you that the Positive Control has failed.
►► Negative Controls
►► If every Negative Control is called negative, the control succeeds.
►► If any Negative Control is not called negative, the control fails.
►► If any Negative Control fails, the software will report no genotypes and will inform
you that the Negative Control has failed.
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►► Melting Standards
►► If any Melting Standard is not called positive by the algorithm, the software will
report no genotypes.
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►► If Melting Standards for the same genotype are not grouped together by the auto
group function with the user-defined parameters, the software will report no genotypes.
►► If Melting Standards of different groups are called in the same group by the auto
group function with the user-defined parameters, the software will report no genotypes.
►► If any Melting Standard fails, the software will inform you that a Melting Standard
has failed.
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Advanced Software Functionalities
Introduction to Color Compensation analysis
and description of the use of advanced
software tools (e.g., templates and macros)
Color Compensation Analysis
Advanced Software Functionalities
7
7
Color Compensation Analysis
The LightCycler® 480 System is able to simultaneously detect and analyze more than one
fluorescent signal in each reaction. By this means, different target sequences can be detected
in one reaction. Due to overlap of the emission spectra of the dyes, one filter combination
may pick up signals from a dye measured by another channel, a phenomenon called
“crosstalk”. Although each emission filter is optimized for a specific emission maximum,
all fluorescent dyes currently available have emission spectra with long “tails,” leading to
this spectral overlap. This bleed-over of fluorescence signal can result in misinterpretation
of data. To correct the crosstalk, Color Compensation can be applied before data analysis.
When Color Compensation is activated, LightCycler® 480 Software algorithms use the
data from a so-called Color Compensation (CC) object to compensate for the fluorescence crosstalk.
Color Compensation is only necessary when you run an experiment where you want
to detect two or more different dyes in one reaction. Color Compensation is not required
when the experiment uses only a single dye.
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You can easily correct the spectral overlap described above by applying a Color
Compensation object to your experiment. During a Color Compensation run, from
which the CC object is generated, the LightCycler® 480 Instrument measures the fluorescence of each dye and generates an instrument-specific Color Compensation object. Later,
the LightCy­cler® 480 Software automatically uses this so-called CC object to reassign the
fluo­rescence in each channel to the appropriate dye. The net result is detection of only one
dye signal in each channel.
A CC object can only be applied to experiments that were run on the same
LightCycler® 480 Instrument it was created on.
Universal Color Compensation Objects
LightCycler® 480 Software provides predefined universal Color Compensation objects
(universal CC objects), which you can apply to an experiment. You will find the ­universal
CC objects in the Roche folder of the Navigator window.
►► LightCycler 480 Instruments II: Universal CC objects can be applied to two types of
experiments:
►► Dual Color hydrolysis probes experiments using FAM and VIC dyes with filter
combinations 465-510 (FAM) and 533-580 (VIC).
►► Dual Color UPL Probes experiments using FAM and Yellow 555 dyes with filter
combinations 465-510 (FAM) and 533-580 (Yellow555).
For all other dye combinations, no universal CC objects are provided. Other dye
combinations running with LC480 System II instruments require the generation
of instrument-specific CC objects by the user. For more information, see section
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.
►► LightCycler 480 Instruments I: Requires instrument-specific CC objects generated by
the user for all filter and dye combinations including FAM/VIC and FAM/Yellow555.”
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Using Color Compensation
To use Color Compensation, you must perform the following steps:
►► If you do not want to use a universal CC object, run a Color Compensation experiment on the instrument where you are going to perform the multiplexed experiments.
The Color Compensation experiment gathers the data needed to compensate for the
fluorescence bleed-over. From the Color Compensation experiment, create a Color
Compensation object. For more information, see section Performing a Color Compensation Experiment.
►► Apply the Color Compensation information when you perform the experiment
or when you analyze the experiment. For more information, see section To Apply
Color Compensation.
7
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Advanced Software Functionalities
249
Color Compensation Analysis
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
7.1
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
The temperature profile used in a Color Compensation protocol always includes a heating, cycling, temperature gradient and cooling program. The cycling program mimics a
typical PCR, including data acquisition. Instead of running a separate Color Compensation experiment, you can also run the Color Compensation reactions in parallel to your
experimental samples. In this case, apply the appropriate experimental PCR protocol, but
always add a temperature gradient or melting curves program.
7
For hydrolysis probe Color Compensation runs it is obligatory to perform a real PCR,
as cleavage of the probe by the Taq DNA polymerase during cycling is required to generate a fluorescent signal.
The data required for Color Compensation are taken from the temperature gradient
pro­gram. In this program, after a brief denaturation (95°C), the protocol slowly increases
the temperature from 40°C to an end temperature that should be approximately 5°C above
the temperature the fluorescent signal is usually measured during an experimental run.
During the temperature gradient fluorescence is measured at a rate of 1 acquisition/°C.
If you run HybProbe probe Color Compensation reactions in parallel to experimental
samples you can also apply a melting curves program used for later Tm Calling analysis.
The optimal acquisition rate for Melting Curve analysis has to be determined
empirically for each assay and can range from 1 to 5 acquisitions/°C.
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After the Color Compensation run, the LightCycler® 480 Software saves the data generated
as a normal experimental file. For these data to be used for Color Compensation, you
must first convert the data of the temperature gradient or melting curves pro­gram into a
CC object and save it separately.
For both HybProbe and hydrolysis probes it is sufficient to generate one Color
Compensation object per dye combination used irrespective of the specific probe
sequence applied in your experiments. Nevertheless, in certain cases where insufficient
Color Compensation is observed, the situation might be improved by creating an
assay-specific CC object.
You need to create a new CC object only after the optics module of your instrument
was exchanged. It is not necessary to create new CC objects after a Xenon lamp
exchange, because Color Compensation is independent from light intensity, or after
moving the instrument.
In some multicolor assays, for example assays with FAM- and VIC/HEX-labeled
hydrolysis probes, you may observe a negative amplification curve which results from
overcompensation when applying inadequate Color Compensation; you may also
observe slightly increasing curves, that you would have expected to be negative resulting from remaining crosstalk from the adjacent channel also caused by inadequate
Color Compensation. If you use the High Sensitivity algorithm of the Absolute
Quantification – Second Derivative Maximum method, this can lead to false positive
callings. For such assays it is therefore highly recommended that you either apply the
High Confidence algorithm or use the Absolute Quantification – Fit Points method.
See the following section for details on how to improve insufficient Color Compensation.
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Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
Preferably, use dyes which are not detected in adjacent channels. Some dye combinations
used in dualcolor hydrolysis probe assays need even no Color Compensation at all. These
are:
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I
Cyan 500 (450-500) — Red 610 (558-610)
Cyan 500 (450-500) — Red 640 (558-640)
Cyan 500 (450-500) — Cy 5 (615-670)
FAM (483-533) — Red 610 (558-610)
FAM (483-533) — Red 640 (558-640)
FAM (483-533) — Cy5 (615-670)
HEX / VIC (523-568) — Cy5 (615-670)
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Red 610 (533-610)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Red 640 (618-660)
Cyan 500 (440-488) — Cy 5 (618-660)
FAM (456-510) — Red 610 (533-610)
FAM (456-510) — Red 640 (618-660)
FAM (456-510) — Cy5 (618-660)
HEX / VIC (533-580) — Cy5 (618-660)
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Using these dye combinations will reduce the complexity of your assay validation drastically.
Examples for Possible Dye Combinations for Dual- or Multi-Color Applications
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I, HybProbe probes:
Excitation Filter
Detection Filter
Dye
CC Object
necessary
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
610
670
Cyan 500
Rhodamin 6G
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
568
610
670
483
450
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I, hydrolysis probes:
Excitation Filter
Detection Filter
Dye
CC Object
necessary
483
558
533
610
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
No
483
558
615
533
610
670
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
450
483
523
558
615
500
533
568
610
670
Cyan 500
FAM
VIC / HEX
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
Advanced Software Functionalities
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251
Color Compensation Analysis
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, HybProbe probes:
Excitation Filter
Detection Filter
Dye
CC Object
necessary
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
610
660
Cyan 500
Rhodamin 6G
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
580
610
660
498
7
440
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, hydrolysis probes:
D
Excitation Filter
Detection Filter
Dye
CC Object
necessary
465
533
510
580
FAM
VIC / HEX
Yes, universal CC
object
465
533
510
610
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
No
465
533
618
510
610
660
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
440
498
533
618
488
580
610
660
Cyan 500
FAM
LightCycler® Red 610
Cy 5
Yes
In the case of insufficient Color Compensation leading to overcompensation or remaining crosstalk we recommend the following:
►► If you do not want to change your current dye labels: Adjust the fluorescence height
of adjacent channels to an equal level (e.g., if the maximum fluorescence of FAM
measured in channel 533 is 40 units and the fluorescence of VIC measured in channel
568 is just 10 units, reduce the amount of FAM to a level of 10 to 20 units).
Note: Short-wavelength dyes usually have a greater fluorescence emission than longwavelength dyes.
►► For multicolor hydrolysis probe assays, it is strongly recommended that you use a
non-fluorescent quencher dyes (i.e., dye molecules which efficiently quench the fluorescence of a FRET reporter dye without emitting fluorescence themselves). Roche
Applied Science recommends the use of BHQ-2 for all hydrolysis probe reporter dyes
covered by the Multicolor Hydrolysis Probe Detection Format. Alternatively, DABCYL
can be used with a little lower quenching efficiency.
►► In general, you can use the same hydrolysis or HybProbe probe concentration in multicolor experiments as in monocolor experiments. That is 0.05 - 0.2 µM for individual
hydrolysis probes, or 0.1 - 0.3 µM for HybProbe acceptor probes. The concentration
of donor (FLUOS-labeled) HybProbe probes should be 0.2 µM, whereas the total concentration of FLUOS-labeled donor HybProbe probes in the mix should not exceed
1.2 µM. Prepare an equimolar mix of all the donor HybProbe probes to be used in
your assay.
Check the quality of the dyes and probes that you use. High amounts of free unlabeled
dye can cause a high background signal that might impact Color Compensation.
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Color Compensation Analysis
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
Check the design of your probes. In rare cases the way a probe is synthesized and
modified might have an impact on Color Compensation. Contact your licensed oligonucleotide supplier for further information (e.g., TIB MOLBIOL: www.tib-molbiol.
com).
►► Especially for multicolor HybProbe assays, there is potential to improve Color
Compensation by creating an assay-specific color-compensation object, i.e., in the
color-compensation run use exactly the same probes you will use in your experiment.
►► In the LightCycler® 480 Software check that all dyes used have an exposure time that
is greater than 40 ms. When using too high dye concentrations it may occur that
the signal exceeds the linear range of the CCD camera. If that is the case, lower the
concentration of the corresponding probe.
7
►► For the generation of a CC object, prepare a minimum of 5 replicate Color Compensation reactions.
►► For quantifying multicolor experiments requiring Color Compensation use either
the Absolute Quantification – Second Derivative Maximum analysis method in
combination with the High Confidence algorithm or the Absolute Quantification –
Fit Points analysis method. Use of the Absolute Quantification – Second Derivative
Maximum analysis method in combination with the High Sensitivity algorithm is not
recommended.
To run a Color Compensation experiment:
�
Prepare a minimum of 5 replicate Color Compensation reactions for each fluorescence dye you need to compensate in your experiment, including a blank (i.e., set up
monocolor reactions not the multi color reactions you want to run with your experimental samples).
►► For a HybProbe Color Compensation experiment do not use the HybProbe probe
pairs (donor-acceptor probes) but the individual probe oligonucleotides only.
Prepare complete PCR mixes.
►► For a hydrolysis probe Color Compensation experiment set up and run complete
amplification reactions according to your experimental protocol. Each reaction
(except the blank) should contain one of the hydrolysis probes that will go into
your multicolor hydrolysis probe assay. Use the same hydrolysis probe concentration as in your experiment.
Setting up and performing an amplification reaction using hydrolysis probes
requires the cleavage of the hydrolysis probe and the release of the reporter
dye from the quencher. Otherwise, no fluorescence signal required for Color
Compensation will be generated.
For the blank (the sample designated “Water” on the Sample Editor’s ‘Color
Comp’ tab), use a complete PCR mix, but omit the probes
D
►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
253
Color Compensation Analysis
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
�
Open LightCycler® 480 Software and, using the same program settings you plan to
use for your multicolor experiment.
►► Create a Color Compensation experiment that has one temperature gradient program with the following segments:
Segment 1: 95ºC for 0 seconds at 4.8ºC/sec.
Segment 2: 40ºC for 30 seconds at 2.5ºC/sec.
7
Segment 3: XºC for 0 seconds at 1 acquisition/°C, continuous; X = experimental
measurement temperature +5°C.
►► Enter the following information, if needed:
Test ID: String that identifies the probe combination used for the Color Compensation experiment.
Lot No: String that identifies the reaction mix used for the Color Compensation
experiment.
Color Comp ID: String that correlates the Color Compensation object to an experiment with identical Color Compensation ID.
When a Color Compensation ID is entered, only Color Compensation objects
with matching ID can be applied to an experiment.
When a Color Compensation ID is entered, only Color Compensation objects with
matching ID can be applied to an experiment.
Especially when working with the LightCycler® 480 LIMS/Bar-Code Module, this
ID number is highly convenient for the correct identification of Color Compensation objects in combination with macros. If you saved a macro with the “smart
select Color Compensation” option, you can select the appropriate CC object,
when ­starting the macro remotely via LIMS, by submitting the Color Comp ID.
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254
►► For the temperature gradient program, select Color Compensation in the Analysis
Mode field.
If a Melting Curve analysis is performed in parallel wells of the multiwell plate in
the same run, select Melting Curves in the Analysis Mode field. It is possible to
perform a Color Compensation analysis from a melting curve program, but it is
in turn not possible to perform a Tm calling analysis from a Color Compensation
program.
►►►
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Color Compensation Analysis
Performing a Color Compensation Experiment
�
Click Sample Editor in the Module bar and select the workflow Color Comp.
7
Define the properties of the samples.
For detailed information on the Sample Editor see section Entering Sample Information.
The software uses the following parameters for calculation:
�
Column Name
Valid Values
Description
Dominant Channel
The possible values are displayed in the dropdown list
depending on the experiment.
The channel used for the
dye in this well.
Select the appropriate
filter combination for
each additional well.
Pipette the reactions into the multiwell plate, e.g., a typical setup might look as below.
D
:
�
When the experiment is finished, click Analysis in the Module bar.
�
From the Create New Analysis list, select Color Compensation.
�
Click Calculate on the Action button area to perform the Color Compensation analysis.
�
Click Save CC Object. By default, the CCC folder in your Special Data folder is selected
as location.
In the Create new ­analysis dialog, select an analysis subset and a program in the experiment (typically there is only one program, which is selected by default). Click
.
■
You can now apply the Color Compensation data to another experiment. For more
information, see the following section.
Advanced Software Functionalities
255
Color Compensation Analysis
To Apply Color Compensation
7.2
7
To Apply Color Compensation
�
First, select the filter combination you want to display and compensate by using the
Filter Comb button.
�
►► To apply Color Compensation during an experiment run, click the arrow-down
button Color Comp. Select between the options In Use or In Database.
►► To apply Color Compensation to an analysis, add the analysis module, and click
the arrow-down button. Select between the options In Use or In Database.
�
Select the Color Compensation object you want to apply, and click OK.
�
After you select an object for an analysis, the object name is added to the Color
Compensation menu for all analysis modules added to this experiment.
The experiment or the analysis charts are redrawn using the compensated data.
Note that the Color Comp button label now says “(On).”
■
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256
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Templates
8
Working with Templates and Macros
Templates and macros provide convenient ways to speed up the process of creating an
experiment.
A template is based on an individual item, such as a protocol or a sample list containing
the information you want to use. The different templates are:
►► Run Template
►► Sample Template
►► Subset Template
8
►► Report Template
►► Analysis Templates
A macro is a collection of templates; one for each portion of an experiment, along with
a program (the actual macro) that automatically applies the templates and runs the
experiment.
This section explains how to create and apply templates and macros.
8.1
Creating and Using Templates
Templates provide a convenient way to speed up the process of creating and analyzing an
experiment. A template is based on an individual item, such as a predefined subset or sample table, that includes all the information you want to use in your experiment. You cannot
rerun an experiment protocol, but you can save the protocol from an existing experiment
as a template and apply this template to a new experiment. Sub­set, sample, report and
analysis templates can be used in a similar manner. Using the template function, it is possible to save all settings made in an Editor frame to a database object as a template object
and, subsequently, to apply these settings to a different, matching database object. This
allows preferences that replace existing user preferences to be stored and applied.
Templates generated with a 384-well block cycler cannot be applied to an experiment
run with the 96-well block cycler and vice versa.
Templates generated with a LightCycler® 480 Instrument I cannot be applied to an
experiment run with the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II and vice versa.
Sample list templates, analysis templates and report templates created with a previous
LightCycler® 480 Software release may not be used in the LightCycler® 480 Software
version 1.5.
Advanced Software Functionalities
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257
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Templates
See the table below for object types which allow saving and applying of templates:
Object
Type
Parameters Included in
the Template
►► Programs and temperature targets
Run
►► Detection format
Comment
LightCycler® 480 Software comes with 32
demo run templates (located in the Roche
folder under Templates/Run Templates).
A subset template cannot be applied after an
analysis has been created.
LightCycler® 480 Software comes with two
demo subset templates (checkerboard and
quadrant; located in the Roche folder under
Templates/Subset Templates).
►► Selected filter combinations (in the
customize window)
►► Integration time mode and integration
time if manual is selected
8
►► Lot ID
►► Test ID
►► Color Compensation ID
►► Reaction volume
►► Block type
►► Block size
►► Run notes
Subsets
►► Availability of the subset for analysis
►► Availability of the subset for report
►► List of included wells
►► The subset ID
►► Subset name
►► Block size
D
Sample
A sample template includes block size,
active filter combinations, and a list of
samples. For each sample, the template
includes all selected sample properties.
To apply a sample template, the filter
combinations in the template must match
the filter combinations in the experiment.
Report
A report template includes
If there are fewer objects in the experiment,
the objects in the template are discarded. If the
experiment contains more objects, the defaults
are applied to the remaining objects.
Does not include any visual settings, such as
the page number or current magnification.
Does not include the sample include/exclude
status.
►► Section selection setting on the
General tab
►► Subsection requirements on the
Details tab.
►► Report subset
►► Report settings
Quantificat.
Analysis
►► Notes
►► Filter combination
►► Color Compensation object
►► External standard curve (quantification only)
►► High sensitivity/high confidence
setting
►► Mean/median setting
Tm Analysis
►► Notes
►► Filter combination
►► Color Compensation setting
►► SYBR setting
►► Peak mode (two or six)
►► A Tm Calling analysis template does not include
the peak number filter states nor the sample
include/exclude status.
►► A Tm Calling analysis template cannot be saved
and applied with the manual Tm method setting.
►► Display checkboxes for the Tm area
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Templates
Object
Type
Parameters Included in
the Template
Genotype
Analysis
Endpoint Genotyping:
Comment
►► Filter combination
►► Color Compensation setting
►► Subset and program
►► Analysis name and notes
►► External baseline settings
►► In-run/Auto group
Melting Curve Genotyping additional:
►► Melt standards
8
►► Min/max temperature
►► Optimize temperature setting
►► Score and resolution threshold
►► Sensitivity
Whenever an object that can be used or can be saved as a template is open in the
LightCycler® 480 Software, the Template button is active.
The Template button allows you to select and apply a template to the currently open object
and to save the currently open object as a template.
A template can only be created from an existing object that is open and active in the
software. It is not possible to create a template from an object that is not open and
active.
Advanced Software Functionalities
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259
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Templates
To create a template:
�
Open or create the object to be used as template.
�
Click Save as Template to open the Save Template dialog box.
�
Select a location to save the template and enter a name for the template in the Name
field.
8
�
D
Click
The default template name is the name of the current experiment, plus the
object type. The default storage location for all templates is the current user’s
preference setting for the Template folder.
.
Result: The template is saved and the dialog box closes.
After a template has been saved to the database, you can edit (from the navigator) only the template name and notes of the template object.
■
To apply a template:
�
Open the object to which you want to apply the template.
�
Click Apply Template to open the Apply Template dialog box. The dialog box displays a
tree list of all templates to which you have access.
�
Highlight a template in the list, and click
applied to the currently open object.
. The dialog box closes and the template is
To apply any template, the block size in the template must match the block size
used by the experiment.
You can still manually change an object after a template has been applied.
If you apply a template to an analysis that does not match the analysis type of
the template, a new analysis screen of the matching type is opened automatically. If an analysis template is applied from an analysis of the same type, a dialog
asks whether you wish to apply the template to the current analysis or to create
a new analysis:
■
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Templates
To create an experiment from templates:
�
Click New Experiment from Template in the Overview window.
�
The New Experiment from Template window is displayed.
The New Experiment from Template window only displays the templates that
match the connected instrument.
8
�
(Optional) Select a run template from the related set.
�
(Optional) Select a subset template from the related set.
�
(Optional) Select a Sample Editor template from the related set.
�
Click
D
.
Result: The experiment is created. The selected templates from steps 3-5 are applied.
The Run Protocol is displayed.
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
261
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Macros
8.2
Creating and Using Macros
While a template is based on an individual item, such as a protocol or a sample list that
includes the information you want to apply to another experiment, a macro is a collection
of templates. Macros automate the entire process of running an experiment, including setting up the experiment protocol, entering sample information, running the experiment,
performing analyses and generating reports. You can use a macro to com­pletely automate
the process of running and analyzing a LightCycler® 480 experiment.
The macro functionality is especially required when operating the LightCycler® 480
Software via a LIMS interface: A client using the LIMS interface can execute a
LightCycler® 480 Instrument run remotely by starting a macro.
8
Read this section to learn more about the following topics:
►► Creating experiment macros
►► Selecting and running an experiment macro
To create an experiment macro:
�
Open the Summary pane of the experiment you want to use as the basis for the macro.
�
Click Save as macro in the Action bar of the Summary pane to open the Save macro
dialog box.
�
When you create a macro from an experiment using Color Compensation (CC), you
can select whether to incorporate the CC object currently in use into the macro or to
auto select a CC object when the macro is run.
D
If you select the option “Auto select Color Compensation”, a CC object is automatically
selected from the CC objects available in the database. The selection filters are:
►► CC object generated with the same instrument
►► CC object having the same Color Comp ID as the macro (if the Color Comp ID is
specified), and
►► Most recently created CC object matching the two preceding criteria.
�
Enter a name for the macro and browse to a location where you want to save it, and
click OK. (The default location for saving the macro is the user’s Macros directory and
the default name for a macro is “Macro” followed by the experiment name. You can,
however, specify a different name and location.)
Macros in a traceable database must have unique names. When you save a
macro with the same name as an existing macro, a new version of the macro
will be created and the old version will not be deleted. When a macro is opened
in the Navigator, the Navigator will display the version history. Only the current
version of a macro can be executed, and the notes can only be edited for the
current version. Previous versions of the macro may be viewed in read-only
mode by clicking the version in the revision history for the current version. When
an experiment is run from a macro, the experiment report will include the macro
version.
Once you have saved a macro in a traceable database, you can only edit the
macro name and notes of the saved macro object in the navigator.
■
262
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Macros
To run an experiment macro:
�
Select the Overview window.
�
Click New Experiment from Macro to open the macro dialog box.
�
In the Macros area, a list of all macros is displayed for which the user has rights to
execute and match the active instrument. Select a macro from the list.
The New Experiment from Macro button is only active when LightCycler® 480
Software is connected to a real instrument and the instrument state is Standby
(no MWP) or Standby (MWP loaded).
8
�
(Optional) Enter a Plate ID for the macro run in the Plate ID field.
�
Click Run macro.
D
The software will ask you for the name and location of the experiment.
�
The software checks whether the instrument is ready and a plate is loaded.
If the instrument is not ready, you are asked to insert a plate into the instrument and
click the confirm button.
If a Plate ID was entered and Barcode is enabled, the software checks the Plate ID. If
the Plate ID does not match, the macro does not start and a message box opens saying Plate IDs do not match.
►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
263
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Macros
�
If the instrument is ready, the software starts the macro and performs the following
steps:
►► Creates and opens a new experiment.
►► Applies the run template, subset template, and Sample Editor template.
►► Asks you to name the experiment and saves the experiment before starting
the run.
►► Starts the run.
During the run, you have only limited access to the experiment data. You can use the
following features:
►► You can edit the sample names and sample comments in the Sample Editor.
8
►► The Import button is enabled. The import file may only contain values for sample
names and sample notes in the General category.
►► You have access to the following screens:
►► You can view the Summary screen.
►► You can view the Experiment screen and the run progress on the Data tab. You
can select options in the charts.
►► You can view the Subset Editor.
►► You can abort the run using the Abort Run button.
►► You can view the Analysis screen.
►► You don’t have access to the following features:
►► You cannot edit any other values except for sample names and sample comments in the Sample Editor.
►► The Configure Properties button is disabled.
►► In the Summary screen the Save as Macro button is disabled.
►► All settings in the Subset Editor are read-only.
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264
►► All settings and buttons in the Experiment screen are disabled or read-only,
including the Color Comp button, the Run Notes, the End Program button, and
the Add 10 Cycles button.
►► You cannot add an analysis during the run.
►► The icon for the Report screen is inactive.
►► The Apply/Save template button is disabled in all screens.
►►►
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Templates and Macros
Creating and Using Macros
�
When the run is finished the experiment is automatically saved. A modal Wait dialog
box appears. During this wait period, the software performs the following steps:
►► Applies all the analysis templates and calculates each analysis. A progress dialog
appears.
8
►► If you create a macro from an experiment with Color Compensation, you are asked
whether to incorporate the CC object or to use Smart Color Compensation.
In the case of Smart Color Compensation, the related CC object must satisfy the
following requirements:
►► The CC object must compensate for all possible filter combinations
►► The CC object must be valid for the current active instrument
►► The CC ID must match the original experiment specified in the Sample Editor
►► The CC object must have a compatible detection format.
D
►► If the macro contains a template for Relative Quantification analysis using an
external reference experiment or a template for Endpoint Genotyping, the dialog
for selecting the experiment appears. If you cancel the selection dialog, the analysis will not be created.
►► Applies any report templates.
The report is not generated automatically.
►► Saves the experiment.
�
If you are working with a traceable database and you have made any edits during
the run, the software will show the dialog for you to enter the reason for the
changes.
If any errors occur during analysis creation or calculation, a dialog appears at the
end of the macro run that displaying all the errors that were encountered.
After the macro finishes, the saved experiment is still open and the analysis overview
screen is visible.
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
265
Working with Subsets
9
Working with Subsets
The standard way to use LightCycler® 480 Software is to simultaneously analyze all the
samples on the PCR multiwell plate. Alternatively, you can define subsets of the samples for separate analysis of each subset. This is useful if, for example, you want to use
one section of a multiwell plate to test for one quantification target gene, and another
section of the same plate to test for a different target.
You can also define different sample sets to include in a report. Reports are based on
report subsets; a subset can be defined as both an analysis and a report subset. In this case,
the analysis subset and the report subset include the same samples. Alternatively, reports
can contain a different set of samples from those contained in the analysis subsets.
9
For example, each column in a multiwell plate can be used to analyze a different SNP,
while each row in the plate can represent a different sample. In this case, an analysis subset
can be used for each column and a report subset for each row.
The same samples may be assigned to multiple subsets of either type (analysis or
report).
The Subset Editor is used to create, modify, and delete subsets. Subsets are applied using
the subset drop-down lists on the Data tab, Sample Editor, analysis and report modules.
A default sample subset called All Samples for both reports and analysis is provided with
the software. It includes all wells in the plate. The All Samples subset cannot be modified
or deleted.
D
To create a subset:
�
Open the experiment for which you want to define subsets (or create a new
experiment).
The maximum number of subsets for one experiment is 255.
�
Click Subset Editor in the Module bar. The Subsets window opens:
►►►
266
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Subsets
�
Click
to activate a new row in the list of subsets or click Copy to create a new
subset based on the currently selected one.
An ID number is automatically assigned to the new row. “Analysis” and “Report” are
selected by default as the subset types. The Name column is automatically selected.
The ID number is displayed in the Sample Editor.
�
Define the subset as follows:
►► Select the subset type boxes for the new subset (Report, Analysis, or both)
9
►► Type a name for the subset
A subset name can have up to 25 characters and must be unique within an
experiment.
►► In the multiwell plate image, select the well positions for the samples to be
included in the subset: Press the <Ctrl> key and click individual positions to select
samples, or click column and row buttons to select columns or rows of samples.
Alternatively, you can press the <Ctrl> key and drag the mouse pointer over an
area of the multiwell plate image to select all samples in this area simultaneously.
During dragging, selected wells are displayed in dark blue.
D
►► Click Apply to add the selected well positions to the subset.
►► Click Clear to cancel the selection.
�
When finished, click
subset.
in the Global action bar to save the experiment with the new
■
Subsets are experiment-specific. You can exchange subsets between experiments by
using the template function.
Advanced Software Functionalities
267
Working with Subsets
To modify or rename a subset:
�
Open the experiment containing the subset you want to modify.
�
Click Subset Editor in the Modules bar. The Subsets window opens.
�
In the subset list, highlight the subset you want to modify.
�
Modify the subset as follows:
►► Select or clear the subset type boxes as needed (Report, Analysis, or both).
►► Modify the subset name as needed by clicking Rename or clicking the subsets
name.
►► Select or deselect well positions by using the Control key, depending on whether
they were unselected or selected before. Selected well positions are shown in
outline blue, removed positions are shown in outline red.
9
►► Click Apply to confirm your preceding selections or deselections.
►► Click Clear to select all well positions to remove.
►► Click Cancel to return to the last saved version of the subset.
►► Click
D
268
�
to remove a subset.
A subset cannot be modified, renamed, or deleted if it has been used in an
analysis. Locked subsets are highlighted in the Subset list.
When finished, click
fied subset.
in the Global action bar to save the experiment with the modi■
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Subsets
To create a subset template:
�
Open the experiment containing the subset you want to use as a template.
�
Click Subset Editor in the Modules bar. The Subsets window opens.
�
Click the Save As Template button.
The Save Template dialog opens containing a navigator.
�
Select a folder and type in a name for the new template. E.g., you can use the predefined Subset Templates folder to save the subset.
When finished, confirm to save the template.
■
9
To apply a subset template:
�
Open the experiment to which you want to apply the subset template.
�
Click Subset Editor in the Modules bar. The Subsets window opens.
�
Select Apply Template on the Template button.
A dialog box opens containing a navigator.
�
Find and select the template you want to use, and click Open.
The dialog box closes. The related subsets from the chosen template are added to the
Subset Editor.
Verify that the block size of the subset template matches the current experiment
block size.
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
D
269
Working with Charts
Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts
10
Working with Charts
LightCycler® 480 Software generates many kinds of charts during and after an experiment
run and as part of an experiment analysis. Charts allow you to view the following types
of information:
►► Program time, temperature cycles and acquisition points
►► Data gathered from an experiment
►► Information and results charted by analysis modules
10
D
You can print charts, export charts to various graphic formats, and copy and paste chart
images and chart data. The charts include zoom and pan functions, so you can enlarge
details of a chart and move the chart left or right. Right-clicking a chart displays a context
menu with some or all of the available chart options. At a glance, the context menu
provides the following options:
Option
Description
Chart Preferences
Opens a Chart Preferences editor. For more information,
see section Using Chart Preferences.
Print
Opens a Print dialog used to print the chart.
Export Chart
Opens an Export dialog box used to export the chart
image and its data.
Copy to Clipboard
Copies chart data to the clipboard.
10.1
Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts
You can print any chart displayed in LightCycler® 480 Software. You can also export the
chart image and the chart data separately or copy and paste the image and the data separately into other programs.
To print a chart:
�
Display the chart you want to print.
�
Right-click within the chart boundaries, and select Print. The Print chart window is
displayed.
You can resize the window to make it easier to adjust the graph margins.
►►►
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Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts
�
To change the graph margins, and therefore the size of the graph, click and drag the
gray margin lines that surround the graph image. The mouse pointer changes its
appearance to indicate that you can now drag the margin line.
�
To change the position of the graph on the page, position the mouse pointer over the
graph. The pointer will change to a hand. Click and drag the graph margins to a new
position. Release the left mouse key and the graph is placed at the new position.
10
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�
If necessary, select a printer from the drop-down list. The list displayed depends on
the printers installed on your control unit. Your default Windows printer is selected by
default.
�
To change printer configuration options, click Setup. A standard Windows printer
setup dialog box is displayed. Enter the necessary information, and click OK.
�
Select the paper orientation (portrait or landscape) in the Orientation area and click
Print to confirm.
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Working with Charts
Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts
To export a chart image:
�
Display the chart you want to export.
�
Right-click within the chart boundaries, and select Export Chart. The Export Chart
dialog box opens.
�
On the Picture tab, under Format, select the graphic format to be used for exporting
the chart.
�
If an Options tab is displayed (on the right), select conversion options as needed. (The
tab is not displayed for all graphic formats. If the tab is displayed, the options vary,
depending on the format you selected.)
�
To change the size of the exported image, select the Size tab, and enter the new width
and height values. Select Keep aspect ratio if you want to maintain the proportions of
the chart.
�
Click the
button to the right of the Filename box, to open a Select output file dialog
box. Browse to the location where you want to save the exported chart image, enter a
name for the image, and click Save.
�
Click Export to export the chart.
10
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Printing, Exporting, and Copying Charts
To export chart data:
�
Display the chart containing the data you want to export.
�
Right-click within the chart boundaries, and select Export Chart. The Export chart
dialog box opens.
�
Select the Data tab.
10
�
In the Series box, select the data item you want to export. The items vary, depending
on the type of chart.
�
In the Include box, select the text labels to export with the data.
�
In the Format box, select a format for the exported data. You can choose the following
formats: Text, XML, and HTML Table.
�
If you selected Text as the format, select a delimiter in the Delimiter box. You can
choose between Space, Tab, Comma, Colon or a Custom delimiter. Enter a custom
delimiter into the field right of the Delimiter box.
�
(Optional) If you selected Text as the format, you can define a character for delimiting
text characters. Enter a character in the Text Quotes field.
�
Click the
��
Browse to the location where you want to save the exported data, enter a name for
the data file, and click Select.
��
Click Export to export the data.
D
button (right of the Filename box), to open the Select output file dialog.
■
To copy a chart image or chart data:
�
Display the chart you want to copy.
�
Right-click within the chart boundaries, and select Copy to clipboard. The chart is
saved as a bitmap file and the data is saved as text.
�
To paste the chart image, open a graphics application, such as Paint, and press
<Ctrl-V>.
�
To paste the chart data, open a text editor, such as Notepad, and press <Ctrl-V>.
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Working with Charts
Zooming and Panning to View Chart Details
10.2
Zooming and Panning to View Chart Details
You can enlarge a portion of a chart as many times as necessary to view important details.
If you use a three-button mouse, you can shift the chart in any direction to view details
that are outside the window. Follow the procedures below to enlarge chart details (zoom)
or to move a chart (pan).
To zoom:
�
Click the Zoom button.
�
Place the cursor above and to the left of the chart area you want to enlarge.
�
Click and drag the mouse pointer down and to the right. (The pointer changes to a
rectangle.)
10
D
Release the mouse button when the rectangle covers the area you want to enlarge.
The area within the rectangle is enlarged to fill the work pane.
�
Repeat Step 2 as often as necessary until the chart details are as large as you want.
�
To restore the chart to its original size, click and drag the mouse pointer up and to the
left one time.
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Zooming and Panning to View Chart Details
To pan:
If you want to see portions of the chart that are not displayed in the window, use the
middle mouse button to click the chart. Drag the chart until the portion you want to see
is in view.
You may be able to configure a two-button mouse so that clicking both buttons at the
same time is equivalent to clicking the middle button of a three-button mouse. See
your system administrator or refer to the device driver instructions that came with
your mouse.
10
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275
Working with Tables
11
Working with Tables
The LightCycler® 480 Software uses tables with different layouts.
The operation of individual tables is described in the corresponding section of this documentation. This section gives you general information which applies to all tables.
To export the table data:
�
Right-click in the table area, e.g., the Sample Table in an Analysis screen.
�
Select Export Table. The Save table data window opens.
�
Enter a file name and a location for the table export and confirm.
If the table contains information from an experiment, the first line of the output file will
contain the name of the detection format and the corresponding filters of the experiment. The first or second line contains the column headers for the file. The data lines
of the table are tab-delimited.
11
■
To sort the table by a column:
�
Click in the column header of the table.
The related column will be sorted ascending or descending.
■
D
To sort the sample table data by plate row or plate column:
�
Click in the Pos header of the sample table.
The Pos column will be sorted by plate row or plate column.
■
To change the width of a table column:
�
Move the mouse pointer to the border of the table header you want to change.
�
If the cursor changes to a column with left and right arrow, drag the mouse by pressing the left mouse button until the column has the ideal width.
■
To copy a table region to the clipboard:
�
To select the cells from the table you want to copy either click and drag or press
<Shift> and click.
�
Press <Ctrl-C>.
�
Start your target application (MS Excel, WordPad) and press <Ctrl-V>.
The copied table cells will appear in your application.
The clipboard should contain the selected cells.
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To select samples in the Sample Editor by clipboard data:
�
Start the application program, e.g., MS Excel or WordPad.
�
Type in each sample position in a new line, e.g., A2, A3, B2, B3.
�
After completion select all lines and copy them by pressing <Ctrl-C>.
The clipboard should contain the selected lines.
�
To paste the sample position data, go to the LightCycler® 480 Software window and
press <Ctrl-V>.
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Advanced Software Functionalities
277
Generating Reports
12
Generating Reports
After you analyze an experiment, you can generate an analysis report containing general
experiment information and analysis results. You can customize the report to include any
of the following:
►► Experiment summary information (e.g., name, creation date, operator, owner etc.)
►► Experiment protocol
►► Sample information
►► Instrument information
►► Revision history
►► Analysis results and other analysis items, such as statistics and settings. The actual
analysis items you can include vary by analysis type.
You can arrange the order of items in the report and print the report.
12
To generate and print a report:
�
Open an experiment that includes one or more analysis modules or save your currently opened experiment.
�
Click the Report button in the Module bar. The Report window opens in the work pane.
The left side contains the Report Settings.
D
�
You must first save an experiment before the Report button becomes active.
If you already have defined a report subset, select one from the Subset list:
The All Samples Subset contains standard settings for reports.
►►►
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�
The General and Detailed tab provide a list of available report items, with some items
selected by default. The order of items in the list indicates the order of items in the
report.
The list of report sections on the General tab includes the following:
►► General information section labeled with the experiment name.
►► Analysis sections for each type of analysis performed on the samples in the
selected subset.
An analysis section is not included in the list unless that analysis has been performed on at least one sample in the selected report subset.
The list of report sections on the Detailed tab includes the following:
►► General information section labeled with the experiment name
►► Analysis sections for each analysis performed on any of the samples in the subset;
there will be multiple analysis sections of the same type if more than one analysis
of the same type has been performed on the samples.
12
�
Click items in the list to include or exclude them. If you click a section item, all corresponding subsections are automatically selected.
Note that changes made to settings on the General tab override the current
settings on the Detailed tab for the same sections or subsections.
�
To change the location of an item in the report, click and drag the item to a new location in the list on the Detailed tab. You can drag both sections and subsections.
You cannot change the order of items on the General tab.
D
You cannot drag an item into a category where it does not belong. For example,
you cannot drag results from a melting temperature analysis into an absolute
quantification analysis.
�
Click
in the Global action bar to save the changed report settings together with the
experiment. You will be prompted to enter change notes. The saved report settings will
be used the next time you generate a report.
�
If you saved changed settings and want to restore the default settings click Default
Settings. Close the Report window and reopen it. The default settings will be restored.
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279
Generating Reports
�
Click Generate to view the report:
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You can hide the Roche logo that appears on the report using the Report
Settings tab on the Tools window. (For more details, see section Administrative
Tools.)
��
To see additional pages of the report, use the page forward and backward controls:
►►►
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Generating Reports
��
To change the scale of the report within the window, click one of the following
buttons:
►► The first button displays the report at its printed size.
►► The second button fits the entire report page into the window.
►► The third button fits the width of the report page into the window.
Or select a zooming factor from the Zoom multi-select button:
12
��
To print the report, click the printer symbol
��
To save the report as a pdf file, click the PDF button in the tool bar.
at the top of the report window.
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281
Working with Preferences
Using Chart Preferences
13
Working with Preferences
LightCycler® 480 Software provides the following preferences you can use to customize
charts and samples and to set various default options:
►► Chart preferences determine the default appearance and content of your charts.
►► Sample preferences determine the default colors and line styles of samples in charts.
►► User preferences determine default import and export directories and other settings.
Chart and User Preferences items are located in the Preferences folder in the user’s folder
in the LightCycler® 480 Software Navigator. When you open a preferences item, a window
opens in the main window to allow you to set the preference options.
You can have multiple chart items, each with different settings. You can specify which item
will be default. If all chart preference items are deleted, LightCycler® 480 Software creates
new default preference items the next time you log on.
This section explains how to do the following:
►► Use each type of preference
13
►► Create multiple instances of preference items and specify an instance as the default for
that preference type
13.1
D
Using Chart Preferences
Your user account includes the Chart preferences item, which determines the default appearance and content of your charts. You can change the default chart settings as needed.
You can also save a modified version of a chart preference item and apply the preferences
in place of the default. You can have as many different chart preference items as you want,
each one defining a different look and feel for your charts. For more information, see section Creating a Separate Chart Preferences Item and Making It the Default. You can override
the current chart preferences for individual charts, analyses, or experiments; for more
information, see section Overriding Default Chart Preferences.
If you need to undo your changes and restore the previous values for the selected level
at any time, click Restore default values.
To open the chart preferences item:
�
In your user folder in the LightCycler® 480 Software Navigator, open the Preferences
subfolder.
�
Double-click Chart preferences. The Chart preferences window opens in the main
window.
�
Using the Chart preferences window, you can customize the following chart settings:
►► Chart heading and label styles (using the three sections on the left).
►► Content and appearance of specific types of charts (using the tabs on the right).
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Using Chart Preferences
13
There are no chart preference settings for the Exposure History Chart.
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283
Working with Preferences
Using Chart Preferences
13.1.1
Specifying Chart Heading and Label Styles
Use the following three boxes on the window to modify headings and labels:
►► Title: Specifies the appearance of chart titles.
►► Axis title : Specifies the appearance of the text below the X axis and to the left of the
Y axis on the charts.
►► Axis label : Specifies the appearance of the measurement values on an axis, such as the
times on the X axis of a fluorescence chart.
Each of the three sections has the same format options, except that the title section includes
an option for title position.
To specify heading and label styles:
�
In the appropriate section, select or deselect the Visible checkbox to include or exclude this type of text on charts.
�
Specify the text appearance as follows:
►► Select the typeface from the pull-down list in the first box.
►► Select the type size from the pull-down list in the Size box or enter a value.
►► To change the text color, click the colored bar to the right of the Size box to display
a color palette. Select the color you want, and click OK.
13
►► To make the text bold or italic, select the Bold or Italic checkbox (or both).
►► Title section only: To position the chart title, select a position from the pull-down
list in the last box in the Title section (Left justified, Right justified or Centered).
D
�
Click
in the Global action bar to save your settings.
■
13.1.2
Specifying the Content of Fluorescence Charts
The Fluorescence tab of the Chart preferences window controls the default appearance of
the fluorescence data displayed in the Fluorescence History chart. The Fluorescence History
chart is displayed on the Data tab of the Experiment module.
►► The default axis value for the Fluorescence History chart that plots fluorescence versus
time, cycles, or temperature.
►► The default channels for the Current Fluorescence bar chart that displays the level of
fluorescence for each sample and each channel at a particular acquisition point.
Both charts are displayed on the Online Data Display tab of the Run module and on the
Raw Data tab of the Summary module.
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Using Chart Preferences
To specify fluorescence chart information:
�
Select the Fluorescence History tab (if not already selected).
�
In the Fluorescence History box, select a value for the X axis from the pull-down list
(Cycles, Time or Temperature).
13
�
Click
D
in the Global action bar to save your settings.
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Working with Preferences
Using Chart Preferences
13.1.3
Specifying the Appearance of Standard Curve Charts
The Standard Curve tab of the Chart preferences window controls the appearance of the
standard curve charts in quantification analyses. You can specify the appearance of the
curve and the sample points from which the curve is derived.
To specify the appearance of the standard curve and sample points:
�
Select the Standard Curve tab.
�
The appearance of the curve can be modified as follows:
13
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►► To specify line color, click the colored box under Curve to display a color palette,
select a color, and click OK.
►► To specify line style, select a style from the pull-down list.
►► To specify line width, enter or select a value.
�
The appearance of the sample points can be modified as follows:
►► To specify point color, click the colored box under Samples to display a color
palette, select a color, and click OK.
►► To specify point style, select a style from the pull-down list.
�
Click
in the Global action bar to save your settings.
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Using Chart Preferences
13.1.4
Specifying the Content and Appearance of the Temperature Chart
The Temperature tab of the Chart preferences window controls the appearance of the Temperature History chart, which displays temperature readings and fluorescence acquisition
points. The chart is displayed on the Run Protocol tab (where it is labeled “Overview”) and
on the Data tab.
To specify content and appearance of the temperature chart:
�
Select the Temperature History tab.
�
To include or exclude temperature readings, select or deselect the Show Temperature
box.
�
The appearance of the temperature lines on the chart can be modified as follows:
►► To specify the line color, click the colored box under Show Temperature to display a
color palette, select the color you want, and click OK.
►► To specify the line style, select a style from the pull-down list.
►► To specify the line width, enter or select a value.
�
To include or exclude fluorescence acquisition points, select or clear the Show
­Acquisitions box.
�
To specify the appearance of the acquisition points on the chart:
►► To specify the point color, click the colored box under Show Acquisitions to display
a color palette, select the color you want, click OK.
13
►► To specify a point style, select a style from the pull-down list.
�
Click
in the Global action bar to save your settings.
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13.1.5
Overriding Default Chart Preferences
In some cases, you may want an individual chart, analysis, or experiment to use different
chart settings from the defaults you specified in the Chart preferences item. You can over­
ride the default settings at the following levels:
D
►► An individual chart
►► All charts within an analysis
►► All charts within an experiment
When you specify custom settings at any of these three levels, the new settings override the
default values for the charts at that level.
To override chart preferences:
�
Open the experiment and right-click the chart you want to modify.
To override preferences for all charts within an analysis or within an experiment, rightclick any chart in the analysis or experiment.
►►►
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287
Working with Preferences
Using Chart Preferences
�
Select Chart Preferences.
�
Before you make any changes, you must select the level at which to apply the
changes.
The ChartAmpEditor dialog box opens, containing options for the chart type similar
to those in the Chart Preferences window described above. However, the dialog box
includes an additional option for setting the chart X- and Y-axis scale.
13
D
In the Preference level area, select one of the following:
►► Experiment name to apply the settings to all charts in the current experiment
►► Analysis name to apply the settings to all charts in the current analysis (you must
have opened the menu from an analysis chart for this option to be available)
►► Chart to apply the settings only to the current chart
�
The settings can be saved for only one level at a time. That is, if you make
changes at the chart level, select the analysis level and make more changes and
click Save, only the changes for the analysis level are saved. The settings for a
higher level do not override settings saved at a lower level. For example, if you
change the title color to blue at the chart level for a standard curve and save the
setting, and subsequently change the title color to green at the experiment level
and save the setting, the standard curve title remains blue; it does not change to
green.
Change text settings in the Title, Axis Title, and Axis Label boxes, as needed.
For more information, see section Specifying Chart Heading and Label Styles.
�
Change the chart-specific settings (if any) in the box below the Title section.
The options displayed depend on the type of chart that was active when you opened
the dialog box. For some chart types, there are no chart-specific settings.
►►►
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Using Chart Preferences
�
In the Axis scaling area, you can choose Auto-scale or set the range of units for the X
axis and Y axis and the increment size.
If you decide to set the axis scales manually, you must first deselect Auto-scale by
clicking in the related checkbox. Then you have to fill the values into the From, To and
Requested Increment fields.
►► If you select 0 as the increment size, the increment size is determined automatically.
►► If you set an increment size so small that the labels overlap, the setting is ignored
and the increment size is determined automatically.
�
If you need to undo your changes and restore the previous values for the selected
level, click Restore current level values.
�
When finished, click Save.
■
Example of overriding chart preferences:
�
Right-click the amplification curve chart in an Absolute Quantification analysis and
select Chart Preferences.
�
The Chart level is selected by default; deselect Auto-scale for the X-axis, set the scaling range from 1 to 50, and click the Save button to confirm the settings.
�
Reopen Chart Preferences, select the Abs Quant (analysis) level, deselect Auto-scale
for the X-axis, set the scaling range from 1 to 100, and save the settings.
13
Result: The Amplification Curve chart now has a scaling range of 1 to 50. The scaling
range for all other charts in the analysis module (e.g., the Standard Curve chart)
is now 1 to 100.
�
Reopen Chart Preferences (the Chart level is selected by default), click Remove Current
Values, and save the settings.
Result: The amplification curve chart now has a scaling range of 1 to 100.
The settings for the chart level were removed, so the value for the level above
(the analysis level) is applied.
�
Reopen Chart Preferences (the Chart level is selected by default), and set the scaling
range from 1 to 150, click Restore Current Level Values, and close the dialog box.
Result: The amplification curve chart scaling range remains at 1 to 100, because
the 1 to 150 setting was not saved. When you click Restore Current Level Values,
the previously saved setting (1 to 100) is restored.
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Working with Preferences
Using Chart Preferences
13.1.6
Creating a Separate Chart Preferences Item and Making it the
Default
You can create multiple chart preference items and specify which item is to be used as the
default. You can change the default designation whenever you need to. If you delete all
instances of a chart preference item, the software creates a new default item the next time
you log in. The settings are the application defaults.
To create a separate chart preferences item and make it the default:
�
In your user folder in the LightCycler® 480 Software Navigator, open the
Preferences subfolder.
�
Select the default item for the Chart preferences and copy it: Navigate to a location to
save the item, enter a name for the new preference item, and click Save.
�
Open the preferences item and modify the preferences, as described in the previous
section.
�
To specify this preferences item as the default, click Make Default in the Preferences
editor pane.
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Working with Preferences
Using Sample Preferences
13.2
Using Sample Preferences
You can modify the appearance of sample lines and points for the charts of an experiment:
�
In the Sample Editor action bar click Configure Properties. The Configure Sample Editor
Properties dialog is displayed.
13
�
In the Available properties list, select or deselect the following properties in the Sample
preferences category to be displayed in Table View and/or Plate View.
►► Width
►► Line Style
►► Point Style
The selected properties are displayed in the corresponding Table order or Well order
list.
�
(Optional) Select a property in the Table order or Well order list and click the
button to change the order of the properties.
�
Click
to close the Configure Sample Editor Properties dialog. The properties are
displayed in the Table or Plate View according to your selection.
D
or
The property selection is saved with the experiment.
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Working with Preferences
Using Sample Preferences
To modify the sample preferences for an experiment:
�
To change the default color for a sample, click the colored square next to the sample
name in the sample list to open a color palette.
Select a color and click OK.
The changes are applied to all selected samples.
�
To change the default sample name, click the sample name, and type a new name.
�
To change the line style used for the sample, click in the Line Style column, and select
a new style from the pull-down list.
The default sample name is applied to new experiments; existing experiments are not
affected.
For example, you can select a dashed line instead of a solid line.
13
D
292
�
To change the line width, click in the Width column, and enter a new width.
�
If you prefer to see a sample line as a string of measurement points, click in the Point
Style column, and select a style from the pull-down list. (If you prefer solid lines, leave
the Point Style set to “Nothing”.)
�
Click
�
To view the charts in the Analysis window with the corresponding properties, select
Sample preferences’ settings in the Legend Property Selector.
in the Global action bar to save your settings.
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Working with Preferences
Specifying User Preferences
13.3
Specifying User Preferences
User preferences specify the following:
►► Default directories for importing files and exporting LightCycler® 480 Software files
►► The default database folders in which to save LightCycler® 480 Software items, such as
experiments, macros, and queries
►► Chart and sample preference items to apply as the default, when multiple instances of
a preferences item are available
To specify user preferences:
�
In your user folder in the LightCycler® 480 Software Navigator, open the
Preferences subfolder, and double-click User preferences.
�
To specify import/export directories, select the Import/Export Path tab (if not currently
selected).
In each box, type a directory path on your local computer or click the
button,
navigate to a location on your local computer or the network, and click OK.
13
�
To specify default folders, select the Database Folders tab.
In each box, type the path for the folder location in the Navigator or click the
button to navigate to a location on your local computer or the network. Select a folder,
and click OK.
�
Click
D
on the Global action bar to save the experiment with the new settings.
■
These settings will be applied next time you open an experiment.
Advanced Software Functionalities
293
Administrative Tools
14
Administrative Tools
Administrative tools are accessible via the Tools dialog. Open the Tools dialog by clicking
the
button. The Tools dialog has a Navigator on the left that lists the available options
and an Editor pane on the right.
14
D
The administrative tools allow you to perform the following:
►► User Access: Manage user access, which includes managing user passwords, user and
group accounts and general system settings
►► Report Settings: Define settings for the report
►► Error Log: View the error log
►► Database Information: View the database status and manage the database
►► Instruments: Manage the connection settings to LightCycler® 480 Instruments, view
the operation log and view the self-test
►► Detection Formats: Define detection formats
Access to the administrative tools modules is dependent on your user role.
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Administrative Tools
Managing User Access
14.1
Managing User Access
To use the LightCycler® 480 Software, you must have a user account in the LightCycler® 480
Software database. User accounts have different levels of access to the software, depending
on the role assigned to the account and the groups to which the account belongs.
This section explains the function of user accounts, roles and groups and explains how
to manage these aspects using the LightCycler® 480 Software User Management tool. The
section also explains how to change a user password. Read this section if you are responsible for creating or modifying user accounts or if you want to understand the privileges
associated with your account. Read the section on passwords if you need to change your
password.
Your own user account must have the Local Administrator role to use the User Access
tool.
14.1.1
Understanding User Accounts
A user account provides access to the LightCycler® 480 Software. The user account specifies the user’s login name and password and defines the user’s level of access to the software.
When you create a user account, you must assign it a role. The role determines the tasks
the user can perform using the software. For more information, see section Understanding
Roles. You can also add a user account to one or more groups. Users in the same group
have access to the objects belonging to group members. For more information, see section
Understanding Groups.
Each user account has a default folder in the LightCycler® 480 Software Navigator labeled
with the user’s full login name, with several default subfolders. The user’s default folder
and subfolders cannot be deleted, renamed, or moved. However, each user can create
additional folders underneath the default folders.
A user called “admin” (for System Administrator) is created automatically when
LightCycler® 480 Software is installed. The admin user has the Local Administrator role
and creates other user accounts. The admin account cannot be edited or disabled.
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Once a user account has been created, it cannot be edited or deleted in a traceable database. A user account can, however, be made inactive by the Local Administrator. An
inactive user account cannot have a role and cannot be assigned to a group.
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14.1.2
Understanding Groups
A group is a collection of user accounts. The members of a group have access to objects
belonging to any group member. For example, a group member can open any experi­ment
belonging to another member.
Users can belong to more than one group. A user has access to another user’s objects when
both users are members of at least one group, regardless of membership in other groups.
For example, if user Bob belongs to Groups A and B, while user Susan belongs to Groups B
and C, both Bob and Susan have access to each other’s objects because both are members
of Group B. The level of access a user has to objects belonging to others is determined by
the user role assigned to the user account. For more information about user roles, see the
next section.
Setting up a user group is especially important if several Expert Users access a common
remote database from several individual control units or data workstations connected
via a network. If you want to share database objects and use them on different control
units or data workstation within the network, all Expert Users that require this access
must be member of one group. For details on accessing a remote database see section
Setting up a Client/Server Network.
14.1.3
14
Understanding Roles
Each user account is assigned to one and only one role. The role determines the user’s
privileges. There are three roles:
►► Standard User
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►► Expert User
►► Local Administrator
Roles cannot be created or deleted, but certain access privileges can be enabled or disabled
for each role. For more information, see section Working with Roles.
It is possible to have multiple Standard Users, Expert Users and Local Administrators.
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14.1.4
Privileges of the Standard User Role
Standard Users can do the following:
►► Change their password
►► View experiment data and print reports
►► View experiments and folders in the navigator
►► Use macros
►► Import and export data in the navigator
►► Include and exclude samples from the analysis if enabled by an administrator
►► View database information
►► View the instrument tool and the login history tabs tool
►► Edit the analysis notes field
Standard Users cannot do the following:
►► Change experiments, except as noted below
►► Change the instrument tool
►► View detection formats and report settings
►► Save objects, macros or templates.
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14.1.5
Privileges of the Expert User Role
Expert Users can do the following:
►► Change their password
►► Use the Run programming module to create and execute experiments, including the
following:
►► Use the Sample Editor, Property Editor, and Property Viewer
►► Use the Subset Editor
►► Add an analysis to an experiment and edit all analysis settings
►► Apply and create templates and macros
►► Create standard curves and Color Compensation objects
►► Create experiment macros
►► Create all other objects and open, copy, execute, modify and move any of their objects; for experiments, this includes modifying sample information, adding an analysis
to the experiment, including and excluding samples from the analysis, and using the
analysis toolbar to change any of the analysis settings
►► Rename their non-default folders and objects
►► Open, copy, and execute objects owned by the Local Administrator
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►► Open, copy, and execute objects owned by other Expert Users who are members of the
same group
►► View and copy items from the Roche folder
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►► Delete their non-traceable objects, if enabled by the Local Administrator
►► Create and execute queries
►► Change their preference settings
►► Manage detection formats when enabled by an administrator
►► Access the instrument tool and add an instrument
Expert Users cannot do the following:
►► Create, delete, move, modify, or rename objects belonging to the Local Administrator
or other Expert Users
►► See the folders or objects belonging to Expert Users who are not members of the same
group
►► Copy, delete or rename experiment objects (including their own experiment objects)
►► Delete, move, copy, or rename default folders (including their own folders)
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14.1.6
Privileges of the Local Administrator Role
Local Administrators can do the following:
►► Everything that an Expert User can do
►► Use the Run programming module to create and execute experiments
►► Create and use existing templates and macros to execute experiments and analyze
results
►► Create all other objects and open, copy, execute, modify, delete, and move any of their
own objects (modification rights include modifying sample information, adding an
analysis to the experiment, and using the analysis toolbar to change any of the analysis
set­tings)
►► Open, execute and copy items belonging to other Local Administrators
►► Open items in the Roche folder
►► Create system folders that are owned by the Local Administrator but can be read by
all users
►► Create, open, copy, execute, modify, delete and move objects in folders belonging to
Expert Users
►► Use the User Access tool to manage users and groups; for more information, see sec­tion
Managing Users, Groups and Roles.
►► Maintain the database (update, reindex and cleanup)
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►► Activate the following access privileges for roles:
►► For Roche Users: The ability to access objects owned by the Local Administrator
►► For Expert Users: The ability to delete non-traceable objects owned by the user
and to edit detection formats
Local Administrators cannot do the following:
►► Delete or deactivate the admin account
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►► Modify or move objects in the Roche folder
►► Move, delete or modify objects owned by other Local Administrators; for example, one
administrator cannot copy objects into another administrator’s folder
►► Delete, move, copy or rename default folders (including their own default folders)
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14.1.7
User Access to Objects
The access rights to certain objects (experiments, folders, templates, preferences) in the
LightCycler® 480 database are defined by the user role. Access to each kind of object is
regulated by specific kinds of permissions. The following table lists user access rights to
database objects:
For an experiment, there are six kinds of permissions:
►► Read — View the experiment in the navigator, open the experiment, and export the
experiment to a file
►► Move — Move the experiment from one folder to another
►► Modify — Make changes to the experiment
►► Execute — Execute the experiment on an instrument
►► Rename — Change the experiment name
►► Delete — Delete the experiment from the database
Owner
Admin
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Expert
Type of User
Rights in ...
Traceable Database
Research Database
Experiment owner
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Administrator in same group
Read
Read, Delete
Administrator not in group
Read
Read, Delete
Expert user in same group
Read
Read
Expert user not in group
Read
Read
Standard user in same group
Read
Read
Standard user not in group
Read
Read
Experiment Owner
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Administrator not in group
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Expert user in same group
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read
Read
Standard user not in group
None
None
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Owner
Standard
Type of User
Rights in ...
Traceable Database
Research Database
Experiment Owner
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Administrator not in group
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Expert user in same group
Read, Move, Modify, Execute
Read, Move, Modify, Execute,
Delete, Rename
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read
Read
Standard user not in group
None
None
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For a folder, there are six kinds of permissions:
►► Read — View the folder and its contents in the navigator
►► Delete — Delete an empty folder
►► Copy — Make a copy of the folder in another location (copies tree but not objects)
►► Write — Save a new object to the folder or create subfolder
►► Move — Move the folder from one parent folder to another
►► Rename — Change the name of a folder
Owner
Admin
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Expert
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Standard
302
Type of User
Rights in ...
Traceable Database
Research Database
Folder Owner
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Administrator not in group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Folder Owner
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Administrator not in group
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
Folder Owner
Read, Copy, Write, Move,
Rename
Read, Copy, Write, Move,
Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Administrator not in group
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Expert user in same group
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Read, Delete, Copy, Write,
Move, Rename
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
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For templates and macros there are six kinds of permissions:
►► Read — View and open in the navigator, apply to experiment, and export
►► Edit — Open and edit notes and template type only
►► Delete — Delete the template
►► Copy — Make a copy of the template in another location
►► Move — Move the template from one parent folder to another
►► Rename — Change the name of a template
Owner
Admin
Expert
Standard
Type of User
Rights in ...
Traceable Database
Research Database
Template/Macro owner
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Administrator not in group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
Read, Copy
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Template/Macro owner
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Administrator not in group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
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N/A (Standard user cannot create templates)
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For a preference, there are six kinds of permissions:
►► Read — View in the navigator
►► Edit — Open in navigator and edit
►► Delete — Delete the preference
►► Copy — Make a copy of the preference in another location
►► Move — Move the preference from one parent folder to another
►► Rename — Change the name of the preference
Owner
Admin
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Expert
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Standard
304
Type of User
Rights in ...
Traceable Database
Research Database
Preference owner
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Administrator in same group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Administrator not in group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Preference owner
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Administrator in same group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Administrator not in group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
Preference owner
Read, Edit, Copy, Move
Read, Edit, Copy, Move
Administrator in same group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Administrator not in group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move
Expert user in same group
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Read, Edit, Delete, Copy, Move,
Rename
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
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Standard objects include standard curves, melt standards, and Color Compensation
objects.
For a standard object there are five kinds of permissions.
►► Read — View in the navigator
►► Rename — Change the name of the standard object
►► Delete — Delete the standard object
►► Copy — Make a copy of the standard object in another location
►► Move — Move the standard object from one parent folder to another
Owner
Admin
Expert
Standard
Type of User
Rights in ...
Traceable Database
Research Database
Standard object owner
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Administrator in same group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Administrator not in group
Read, Delete, Copy
Read, Delete, Copy
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard object owner
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Administrator in same group
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Administrator not in group
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Expert user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
Standard object owner
Read, Rename, Copy, Move
Read, Rename, Copy, Move
Administrator in same group
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Administrator not in group
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Expert user in same group
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Read, Rename, Delete, Copy,
Move
Expert user not in group
None
None
Standard user in same group
Read, Copy
Read, Copy
Standard user not in group
None
None
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Managing User Access
14.1.8
Managing Users, Groups, and Roles
The User Access tool allows you to perform the following:
►► Create, modify, enable, or disable user accounts
►► Assign roles to user accounts and change role assignments:
►► Research database: modify user account and role
►► Traceable database: modify user password
►► Create or delete user groups and assign users to groups
You must have the Local Administrator role to use the User Access tool.
To open the User Access tool:
►► From the Tools navigator, open User Access, and select Users and Groups.
►► The Users tab is selected by default.
Working with Users
When working with the traceable (audit trail) LightCycler® 480 database, a user
account can never be deleted, only disabled. In addition, the user’s full name, login
name and role cannot be changed.
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To create a new user account:
�
In the User Access tool, click Users and Groups. Select the Users tab (if not already
selected).
�
Click New.
�
Enter the user’s full name, login name and password, and select a role for the user.
�
Check each group to which the user should be added. If no groups have been created, you can add the user when you create the group.
�
Click Close.
A default folder for the new user is added to the Navigator.
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To edit, enable, or disable a user account:
�
In the User Access tool, click Users and Groups. Select the Users tab (if not already
selected).
�
Select the user name in the Users list. Information about the selected user is
displayed:
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�
In a traceable database the only information you can change is the password and
group membership.
�
To disable the user account, select the Access Disabled checkbox; to reactivate a
disabled account, clear the Access Disabled checkbox.
You cannot disable the System Admin account.
�
When finished, click Close.
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Managing User Access
Working with Groups
When working with the traceable (audit trail) LightCycler® 480 database, a user
account can never be deleted, only disabled. In addition, the user’s full name, login
name and role cannot be changed.
As an alternative to the procedure described below, you can always access the Group
window directly by double-clicking a group object in the Navigator.
To create a new group:
�
In the User Access tool, click Users and Groups. Select the Groups tab (if not already
selected).
�
Click New.
�
Type a name for the group in the Name box.
�
To add users to the group, check the names of the users you want to add.
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You can create a group without adding users.
�
Click the empty group icon that was created in the Groups list to confirm your input.
�
If you did not add users to the group, a message asks you to confirm saving the group
without users. Click Yes.
The group is added to the Groups folder in the Navigator.
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To edit a group:
�
In the User Access tool, click Users and Groups. Select the Users tab (if not already
selected).
�
Select the group name in the Groups list.
�
Change the group name or select and deselect members of the group. You can also
assign a group to a user when you edit the user account. For more information, see
section Managing Users, Groups, and Roles.
�
Click the group name in the Groups list to confirm your changes.
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To delete a group:
�
In the User Access tool, click Users and Groups. Select the Users tab (if not already
selected).
�
Select the group name in the Groups list.
�
Click Delete.
�
A message asks you to confirm the deletion of the group. Click Yes.
The group is deleted from the Groups folder in the Navigator.
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14.1.9
Working with Roles
You cannot create or delete roles, and you cannot change a user’s role assignment. You
can modify certain access rights associated with the Expert User and Roche User roles.
You cannot modify access rights of the Local Administrator role. You can also specify the
period of inactivity before a user is automatically logged off as well as the maximum login
attempts before an access is disabled on entering an invalid password.
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To set conditions for access and modify a role’s access rights:
�
In the User Access tool, click System Settings. The available options are displayed in
the Editor pane:
The following options are available:
►►►
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Name
Description
Logout on Inactivity
When enabled, causes users to be automatically
logged out after a designated period of inactivity.
Minutes of Inactivity
The period of inactivity [1 — 999 min.] after which
auto logout occurs.
Disable Access on Invalid
Password
When enabled, causes a user account to be disabled
after a designated number of unsuccessful login
attempts.
Maximum Login Attempts
Specifies the number of unsuccessful login attempts
[1 — 5] that causes automatic logout.
Password expiration days
Specifies the number of days [1 — 99999] before a
password expires.
Standard User can
When selected, Standard Users may include or
exclude samples from an analysis.
Include/exclude samples
from analysis
Roche can
Access objects owned by
Standard users
Roche can
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Access objects owned by
Local Administrators
Roche can
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Access objects owned by
Expert Users
Expert User can
Delete items they own
Expert User can
Edit detection formats
When selected, allows Roche Users to access objects
owned by Standard Users.
When selected, allows Roche Users to access objects
owned by Local Administrators.
When selected, allows Roche Users to access objects
owned by Expert Users.
When selected, allows Expert Users to delete their
own objects.
When selected, allows Expert Users to edit detection
formats.
�
Select or deselect the available options.
�
When finished click Close.
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14.1.10 Changing Your Password
When you are assigned an account on the LightCycler® 480 Software, you receive an initial
password, which you can use to log onto the LightCycler® 480 Software the first time (you
will be prompted to change your initial password upon your first login). You can change
your password whenever you want.
To change your password:
►► In the User Access tool, select Current Password.
►► Enter your current password in the Old Password field.
►► Enter the new password in the New Password field and again in the Confirm Password
field.
►► Click Close.
When the entries in the New Password and Confirm Password fields do not match, the
Close button is not active.
The password must contain at least six characters; one character must be a number
and one character must be upper case. Passwords are case-sensitive! Remember the
password or keep it in a secure place. Do not share your password with others!
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Report Settings
14.2
Report Settings
Here you can define whether the Roche logo should appear on the report or not.
In the Report Settings tool you can set the appearance of the Roche logo in reports.
►► Select/deselect the Show Roche Logo checkbox to set the appearance of the Roche logo
on or off.
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Error Log
14.3
Error Log
All errors generated by the software are displayed in the message area, see section
Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window. All software error messages
are recorded in several log files, which can be queried with the Error Log tool.
If the file size of an Error Log exceeds a limit, a new file will be opened by the software.
After choosing the Error Log tool a browser window is displayed with the available log
files, message lists, and details of selected error messages. The current file is selected by
default.
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To display an Error Log file:
�
Open the Error Log tool.
�
Click the Include checkbox in the Log Files list for the Error Log files to be displayed.
�
Select a message in the Message List area to display the details of this message.
The corresponding messages are displayed in the Message List area.
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To delete Error Log files:
�
Open the Error Log tool.
�
Click the Delete checkbox in the Log Files list for the Error Log file to be deleted.
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The currently used Error Log file cannot be deleted.
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Database Information
14.4
Database Information
The Database Information window allows you to:
►► Display the users logged onto the current database
►► View status of the database engine; allows updating if out of date
►► Perform a batch export, optionally deleting the exported objects
Tab
Usage
View Logged in
Users
Displays a list of the currently logged-on users.
Update Query
Engine
Displays the status of the database query engine.
If updating the database is necessary, the Update button is active.
Clean-up
Database
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Updating the database might be necessary after you updated
to a new LightCycler® 480 Software version. Reindex button:
When the database increases in size the time to access your
data might also increase. Use the reindex function to optimize
the organization of the data in the database thus minimizing
the access time to your data.
This option provides two functions:
►► You can delete selected objects from the navigator of a traceable database.
►► Administrators can create a database with the same structure
(i.e., users, groups, and folders) and basic content as the current
database.
Database clean up is similar to a batch export with the
difference that multiple database objects can be exported and
deleted from the database at the same time.
Although the Logged in Users and Query Engine options can be accessed by both
Expert Users and Local Administrators, the Clean-up option can be accessed only by
Local Administrators.
14.4.1
Traceable and Research Databases
LightCycler® 480 Software uses a database with an audit trail (traceable database) or a
database without an audit trail (research database).
►► When working in a traceable database, you must confirm all changes to database objects and submit a reason for the change. A traceable database does not allow experiments and experiment-related objects to be renamed or deleted, e.g., Color Compensation objects, external melting standards, external standard curves.
In a traceable database, experiments might even not be copied. But it is possible to
rename and delete templates and empty folders. You can also rename folders.
►► In a research database you are free to change database objects without confirming the
change and without submitting a reason for your actions.
In a research database you can rename, copy or delete experiments and experimentrelated objects.
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Administrative Tools
Database Information
14.4.2
To Clean up the Database
�
Open the Database Information tool.
�
Select the source. If you want to clean-up the complete database, select Root. Select
the Scan Sub-folders box to include all subfolders.
Click the Clean-Up Database option. The Clean up wizard opens.
Use the
�
and
buttons to add or delete sources to the clean-up.
Select the target directory to which you want to export the database objects.
14
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►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
315
Administrative Tools
Database Information
�
On the Options tab, select all database object types you want to export and delete
from the currently installed database:
To delete the selected objects, you must tick the checkbox Delete objects after successful export. Otherwise the objects are just exported and not deleted.
All other options are identical to the Batch Export wizard. For details see Exporting
Multiple Experiment Files Simultaneously.
14
�
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316
Proceed to the next steps of the wizard to complete the database clean up.
■
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Administrative Tools
Database Information
14.4.3
To Compress the Database
To compress a database, the LightCycler® 480 Software provides the CompactIB tool. The
CompactIB tool only compresses the data structure in the database; no database objects
are deleted.
�
Start the CompactIB tool by selecting the entry from the Roche program group in the
Windows Start menu.
The Compact Interbase Database File dialog box is displayed.
14
�
►► Select the database you want to compress.
�
Click Compact.
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►► Select the Backup File and Temporary Working Directory.
■
14.4.4
How to Handle Databases from Software Version 1.3 or Earlier
While software version 1.5 is fully backwards compatible, some of the additional features
are not available in databases created with software version 1.3 or earlier.
►► New virtual LightCycler® 480 Instrument II Instruments
►► Universal CC objects
►► Roche Run Templates for LightCycler® 480 Instrument II and for some applications
(Endpoint Genotyping and Scanning)
►► New Demo experiments
►► New filter combinations and detection formats
Advanced Software Functionalities
317
Administrative Tools
Database Information
14.4.5
How to Handle Objects from Software Version 1.3 or Earlier
Some objects from software version 1.3 or earlier will not work with software version 1.5.
These objects should be deleted and newly created using software V1.5:
►► Macros will not work
►► Sample List Templates, Analysis Templates and Report Templates will not work correctly
►► Standard curve objects (Fit Points) will not work
►► Auto pairing in Relative Quantification will not generate any pairs (without editing
the sample names in the Sample Editor), but existing pairs are preserved.
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318
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Administrative Tools
Instruments
14.5
Instruments
The Instrument window allows you to view information for the currently active instrument
and to change the active instrument and the used multiwell plates.
14
The Instruments window has the following control elements and input fields:
►► Connection tab
Name
Description
Instruments
Select the instrument to view
Make Default
Set the selected instrument the active instrument
New
Create a new instrument object and activate the connection
settings fields
Delete
(Inactive) You cannot a delete an instrument object
Edit
(Inactive) You cannot edit an instrument object in a traceable database. The instrument name can be edited only in a
research database.
Instrument Information
Display the following:
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►► Instrument ID, block size and block type
►► Technical information
►► Excitation and emission filters
►► Instrument firmware version information
By default, four virtual LightCycler® 480 Instruments (two in either 96 or 384 version)
are defined in the LightCycler® 480 Software. The virtual LightCycler® 480 Instruments are required to enable programming in offline mode, since you can only program an experiment if an instrument is installed in the LightCycler® 480 Software. If
you need to program an experiment while a real instrument is not connected, select
one of the virtual instruments in the Instruments dialog and set it as the default. For
details, see below.
Advanced Software Functionalities
319
Administrative Tools
Instruments
►► Connection Settings area
Name
Description
Instrument
Name of the currently selected instrument
Address
IP address of the selected instrument
Test Connection
Option to verify a connection to the selected instrument
►► Lamp area
Name
Description
Absolute Intensity
Intensity of the instrument lamp as a counter value, read
from the instrument
Operation Time
Total time (in hours) the Xenon lamp has been operated,
read from instrument
Reset values after Lamp
Change
Set lamp operation time to 0.
Select the Reset Counter button only after you
have exchanged the Xenon lamp (For details, see
section Exchanging the Xenon Lamp.)
►► Instrument Settings area
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Name
Description
Barcode enabled
Enables the internal bar-code scanner used to read a
multiwell plate ID.
Plate Type
Type of plates to be used:
White Plates, Clear Plates or Mixed Plates
Make sure the correct plate type is selected
before experiments are started.
If you select Mixed Plates, you must define the
plate type in the Overview screen before you start
a run.
The barcode of all clear plates begins with “C”
(e.g., C2345678). The barcode enables you to
check, which plate type you used in an experiment.
►► Instrument Information area
Name
Description
Instrument ID
Name of the connected instrument
Block Size
Type of block cycler installed in the connected instrument (96 or 384)
Barcode Enabled
320
Technical Information
Version of the current instrument firmware
Excitation Filters
List of excitation filters available in the instrument
Emission Filters
List of emission filters available in the instrument
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Administrative Tools
Instruments
►► Operation Log tab
To view the Operation log:
�
In the Instruments section of the Tools window, select the instrument name from the
Instruments list.
�
Select the Operation Log tab.
�
The Operation Log displays a list of the runs performed on the instrument. The log
includes basic information about each run, such as the experiment name, user name,
date of run, and number of samples (96 or 384).
■
►► Self Test tab
Name
Description
View Self Test
Displays the most recent self test report from the instrument:
►► Instrument ID
14
►► Module Status
►► Self Test Result
►► Instrument Software Version
►► Block Serial Number
►► Block Size
►► Block Type
►► IP Address
►► Version of controller firmware
Print
Print the most recent self test report from the instrument.
Save as PDF
Save the most recent self test report from the instrument as
a PDF file.
Advanced Software Functionalities
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321
Administrative Tools
Instruments
Defining an Instrument
To define and connect a LightCycler® 480 Instrument follow the steps described below:
�
Open the Tools dialog by clicking the
button.
�
From the Navigator of the Tools dialog select Instruments.
�
Next to the Instruments selection box click
�
Enter a name for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument and click OK.
�
On the Connection tab enter the IP address of the Instrument
(default 192.168.95.41).
�
(Optional) Click Test Connection to test the IP address.
�
Click Make Default to make this instrument your default instrument.
�
Click Close.
.
■
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Administrative Tools
Detection Formats
14.6
Detection Formats
A detection format specifies one or more excitation–emission filter combinations. The
Detection Format tab is used to define detection formats and to specify which detection
formats are active (i.e., available to be selected for an experiment). When programming
a new experiment, you can choose detection formats to be used during the run from
detection formats previously defined on the Detection Format tab. If a detection format
contains more than one filter pair, you can choose which of the combinations is actually
applied during a run by using the Customize option, (For details, see section Programming
and Running an Experiment.)
The following default detection formats are available for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument I
filter set:
Detection Format
Filter Combination
Name
Excitation
Filter
Emission
Filter
SYBR Green I /
HRM Dye
SYBR Green I /
HRM Dye
483
533
SimpleProbe
SimpleProbe
483
533
Mono Color Hydrolysis
Probe / UPL Probe
FAM
483
533
Dual Color Hydrolysis
Probe / UPL Probe
FAM
483
533
VIC / HEX / Yellow555
523
568
Cyan 500
450
500
FAM
483
533
VIC / HEX / Yellow555
523
568
Red 610
558
610
Cy 5
615
670
Mono Color HybProbe
Red 640
483
640
Multi Color HybProbe
Fluos
483
533
Red 610
483
610
Red 640
483
640
Cy 5
483
670
Multi Color
Hydrolysis Probe
Advanced Software Functionalities
14
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323
Administrative Tools
Detection Formats
The following default detection formats are available for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II
filter set:
Detection Format
Filter Combination
Name
Excitation
Filter
Emission
Filter
SYBR Green I /
HRM Dye
SYBR Green I /
HRM Dye
465
510
SimpleProbe
SimpleProbe
465
510
Mono Color Hydrolysis
Probe / UPL Probe
FAM
465
510
Dual Color Hydrolysis
Probe / UPL Probe
FAM
465
510
VIC / HEX / Yellow555
533
580
3 Color Hydrolysis
Probe
FAM
465
510
VIC / HEX / Yellow555
533
580
Cy 5/Cy 5.5
618
660
Cyan 500
440
488
FAM
498
580
Red 610
533
610
Cy 5/Cy 5.5
618
660
Mono Color HybProbe
Red 640
498
640
Multi Color HybProbe
Fluos
465
510
Red 610
498
610
Red 640
498
640
Cy 5/Cy 5.5
498
660
4 Color Hydrolysis
Probe
14
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Default detection formats cannot be edited.
The Detection Format tab includes a Detection Format list, a Filter Combination Selection
area, and a Selected Filter Combination List.
The Detection Format list is used to manage detection formats. It has the following control
elements:
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Administrative Tools
Detection Formats
Name
Usage
Active
Select the Active box to make the detection format listed on the
corresponding row available for use in the software.
Name
Click the name entry of a detection format to change the name.
New
Activate the next available row in the Detection Format list to enter a
name for a new format.
Copy
Copy the selected detection format.
Rename
Activate the currently selected detection format name for editing.
Delete
Delete the currently selected detection format.
Detection formats that are displayed as shaded in the Detection Format list cannot be
edited (e.g., all Roche default detection formats).
For the detection format selected in the Detection Format list, the Filter Combination
selection area displays a grid of emission and excitation filter names, with a checkbox for
each possible combination. Select checkboxes for the emission–excitation combinations
to include them in the currently selected detection format.
Valid (i.e., selectable) filter combinations are those for which emission wavelength
minus excitation wavelength is ≥ 40.
Details of the selected emission–excitation filter combinations are displayed in the Selected
Filter Combination List below the Filter Combination selection area:
Name
Description
Excitation Filter
Display the excitation filter value
Emission Filter
Display the emission filter value
Name
Enter a name for the filter pair
Melt Factor
Multiplication factor to be applied to the filter pair for melt analysis
(when the dynamic integration time mode is selected on the
Customize Detection Formats dialog).
Quant Factor
Multiplication factor to be applied to the filter pair for quantification
analysis.
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The Quant Factor represents the fold signal stroke from the initial
background fluorescence to plateau phase (when the dynamic
integration time mode is selected on the Customize Detection
Formats dialog).
Maximum
Integration Time
Advanced Software Functionalities
The maximum integration time that can be used for this pair when
the dynamic integration mode is selected in the Detection
Format Definitions dialog box. (For details, see section Running an
Experiment.)
325
Administrative Tools
Detection Formats
To define a detection format for a new fluorescent dye:
�
Open the Detection Formats tool.
�
Set your filter combination selection.
�
Set the Quant Factor to a value of “20” (to make sure not to exceed the dynamic range
of the camera system) and the Melt Factor to “1.2” (if melting curves are run).
Click New.
The Melt Factor can be kept at “1.2” if decreasing fluorescence is expected during a
melting ramp. If fluorescence increases during melt (which is not relevant for Roche
probe formats), start with a Melt Factor of “20”.
�
Start the run and use the Dynamic Integration Time Mode.
�
In the Experiment module analyze the raw data on the Data tab using the Fluorescence History chart. Perform the following steps:
►► Determine the background fluorescence of the first 5 cycles and the plateau fluorescence of the last 5 cycles.
►► Calculate the maximum factor of fluorescence dynamics (= plateau/background
fluorescence) and multiply by 2-3 (as safety range for higher fluorescence dynamics in later experiments) to obtain the Quant Factor.
�
14
The integration time per filter combination can be set between 10 msec — 10 sec. All
detection formats supported by Roche require a maximum integration time < 2 sec.
This should be taken as a starting value for all new detection formats. Only if very
noisy data are obtained, the maximum integration time should be extended.
■
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Administrative Tools
Setting the Plate Type
14.7
Setting the Plate Type
Two types of multiwell plates are available for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument:
►► White plates
►► Clear plates.
Use only the PCR multiwell plates recommended in this Operator’s Manual.
Use the clear multiwell plates only with recommended formats, hydrolysis probes and
SYBR Green I. Setting the Clear Plates option disables the built-in plate detector in the
block cycler unit. For details see section Description of the Detection Unit.
The Local Administrator is responsible for the correct setting of the multiwell plate used
(see section Connection tab). If experiments are to be run with both type of plates, the
Local Administrator must ensure this setting in the Connection tab. Only the Mixed Plates
setting enables the user to configure the used plate for the actual experiment.
14
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Advanced Software Functionalities
327
Diagnostic Tools
Instrument Problem Report
15
Diagnostic Tools
15.1
Instrument Problem Report
LightCycler® 480 Software includes the Instrument Problem Report as a diagnostic tool
to monitor and report LightCycler® 480 Instrument performance: In the case of an
instrument problem you can export an Instrument Problem Report (*.ipr) and forward it
to your support representative. The Instrument Problem Report object contains error log
and operation log information as well as the experimental data of the source experiment.
To export an instrument problem report:
�
Select the object (experiment, macro, etc.) which caused the problem in the Navigator
window. The Problem Reporting button in the Action bar is enabled.
�
Click the Problem Reporting button.
�
The Problem report window opens.
�
Enter additional notes describing the problem into the Notes field.
�
In the Filename field, a default file destination and name is listed. Click Browse if you
want to use a different file destination or name.
�
Confirm your entries by clicking the
*.ipr file.
15
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button and save the Problem Report as an
In case the problem report generation fails, it is recommended to close and
reopen the experiment and the software before creating the problem report.
■
328
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Diagnostic Tools
Error Log
15.2
Error Log
All errors generated by the software are displayed in the message area, see section Understanding the LightCycler® 480 Software Main Window. All software error messages are
recorded in several log files, which can be queried with the Error Log tool.
To display an Error Log file:
�
Right-click in the Message Area of the Overview window.
�
Click Show log in the context menu.
The Error Log Viewer window is displayed.
15
D
Click the Include check box in the Log Files list for the Error Log files to be displayed.
�
The corresponding messages are displayed in the Message List area.
Select a message in the Message List area to display the details of this message.
�
■
To delete Error Log files:
�
Right-click in the Message Area of the Overview window.
�
Click Show log in the context menu.
The Error Log Viewer window is displayed.
�
Click the Delete checkbox in the Log Files list for the Error Log file to be deleted.
■
The currently used Error Log file cannot be deleted.
15.3
Self Test
In the Instruments section of the Tools window you can view, print or save the most recent
Self Test information for an instrument. For a description see section Instruments.
Advanced Software Functionalities
329
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
16
Installation and Maintenance of
LightCycler® 480 Software
The LightCycler® 480 Software consists of the application, a database, and a database
object server (called “Exor4”), which communicates with the database.
Read this section to learn more about the following topics:
►► Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
►► Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and connecting an instrument
►► Saving an existing database and installing additional databases
►► Logging onto different databases
►► Replacing an existing database file
►► Setting up a client/server network
►► Removing LightCycler® 480 Software
On the LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, the LightCycler® 480 Software - including one
traceable database (XDMS_T) and one research database (XDMS_R) - is already preinstalled.
►► If you want to start the LightCycler® 480 Software on the instrument PC that has been
supplied, proceed with section Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting
an Instrument.
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330
►► If you want to install the LightCycler® 480 Software on a separate PC, proceed with
section Installing LightCycler® 480 Software.
The LightCycler® 480 Software is pre-installed on all new LightCycler® 480 PCs .
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
16.1
16
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is controlled by the LightCycler® 480 Software which is
loaded on the control unit connected to the instrument. The LightCycler® 480 Software
operates the LightCycler® 480 Instrument using the information provided with the experiment protocol. Software installation is performed using a self-extracting installation
program. To install the software on a LightCycler® 480 control unit or on a non-Roche PC
follow the steps below.
All previous versions of the LightCycler® 480 Software must be removed before installing version 1.5.
To install and run LightCycler® 480 Software on a non-Roche PC, the PC must fullfil
the following minimum requirements:
►► Pentium 4 or equivalent, 3.2 GHz
►► 2 GB RAM
►► 40 GB hard disk
►► Network card
►► Windows XP Professional, English version
►► Graphics/Display min. 1280×1024 display resolution
►► CD-RW/DVD-R drive
To install the LightCycler® 480 Software:
�
Ensure that you have the administration rights to install the software.
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software CD. If installation does not start automatically,
double-click LightCycler480_Software_Setup.exe. The installation process transfers
files, extracts the files, and prepares the installation wizard. The InstallShield wizard
Welcome window opens. Click Next.
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►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
331
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
�
You are prompted to agree to the license conditions. Click Yes to proceed.
�
In the Select Components window, select the components you want to install
(Light Cycler® 480 Software or Exor4 database or both). Both components are
selected by default. Click Next.
�
Select the location of LightCycler® 480 Software: either keep the default settings to
install the LightCycler® 480 Software or browse to select a location for
installation. Click Next.
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►►►
332
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
�
In the LightCycler® 480 icons window, select which program icons you want to create
on the Windows desktop. Deselect the icon you do not want (but at least one icon has
to be selected), then click Next.
�
In the Choose Exor4 location window, use the default settings to install the Exor4
object server or browse to select the location of the database engine. Click Next.
16
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�
In the Exor4 database file location window, use the default settings to install the data
base or browse to select the location of the database file. Click Next.
►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
333
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
�
Select whether you want to install
►► an existing database (if any). The names of existing databases are displayed
►► a new traceable database
►► a new research database.
For detailed information about traceable and research databases see section
Database information.
Click Next.
�
If you selected to install a new database in the previous step, you can enter a name
for the new database. Click Next.
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►►►
334
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Installing LightCycler® 480 Software
16
If the entered database name already exists, you can choose whether to use the
existing database or to create a new one with the same database name. The existing
database is maintained.
��
In the Exor4 icons window, select which Exor4 icons you want to create on the
Windows desktop. Deselect the icon you do not want (but at least one icon has to be
selected), then click Next.
D
��
The selected components are installed. When the installation process has finished, the
Installation Complete window appears. Select Yes, I want to restart my computer now.
Click Finish.
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
335
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting an Instrument
16.2
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting
an Instrument
This section describes how to start LightCycler® 480 Software the first time and how to
connect a LightCycler® 480 Instrument to the software.
�
After the restart, wait until the password window appears.
Enter login and password:
►► Login: operator
►► Password: LC480
Click OK.
�
Switch on the LightCycler® 480 Instrument.
�
Double-click the LightCycler® 480 Software icon on the Windows desktop.
�
Log in to the software using the “admin” user name and “LightCycler480” as the initial
password.
D
Log on to: Select the database you want to log on to. For detailed information see
section Logging onto Different Databases
By default there are 2 databases preinstalled: one traceable and one non-traceable (research) database. Please select the database you want to log on to.
►►►
336
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting an Instrument
�
16
►► A message appears telling you that you must change the password now.
►► Click
►► Enter your current password in the Old Password field.
►► Enter the new password in the New Password field and again in the Confirm Password field.
►► Click
When the entries in the New Password and Confirm Password fields do not
match, the
button is not active.
The password must contain at least six characters; one character must be a
number and one character must be upper case. Passwords are case-sensitive!
Remember the password or keep it in a secure place.
�
Open the Tools window by clicking the
�
►► In the Tools navigator select Instruments.
button.
D
►► The Instruments window will appear.
►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
337
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Starting the LightCycler® 480 Software and Connecting an Instrument
�
►► Next to the instruments selection box click
.
►► Enter a name for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, and then click
.
Be aware that you use the identical name for the same LightCycler® 480 Instrument when working with more then one database. Otherwise the active instrument will not be set as default any more when changing the database.
►► In the Connection Settings tab enter the IP Address “192.168.95.41”
►► Click Test Connection to test the IP address and to establish a connection with the
instrument. The message “Test Connection succeeded” should appear. Click
.
►► Click the Make default button.
►► Close the Tools window.
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Alternatively, if you do not want to connect the LightCycler® 480 Software to a
real instrument, select one of the four virtual instruments (either for 96- or 384well format) and make it the default
�
►► Open the Tools dialog box again, then select Instruments.
��
In the Tools navigator, select System Settings. The system settings window will appear.
►► Check if the instrument serial number is visible in the field Instrument ID. If yes,
the instrument is correctly installed
►► The settings for Maximum Login Attempts and Password expiration days might be
changed if inappropriate.
Close the Tools window
��
Click the Exit button
to exit the LightCycler® 480 Software.
■
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LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional Databases
16.3
16
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional
Databases
Save a copy of your database routinely for backup purposes. Before saving the database,
make sure the size of the database is equal to (or less than) 700 MB, the capacity of one
CD or 4.5 GB corresponding DVD, dependent on your system. To check the size of your
database, proceed as follows:
Be aware that the size of experiments in a traceable database and therefore the size of
the complete traceable database is enlarged compared to software 1.3 or earlier. This is
due to precalculations performed automatically after a run is finished (to speed up
subsequent analysis calculations) which are saved in the revision history of each experiment. Thus, the experiment size within a traceable database might exceed 10 MB
Consequently it is recommended to check the size of a database regulary and save a
copy of the database when being useful. Make sure the size of the database does not
exceed 4.5 GB when saved to a removable DVD.
To check the database size:
�
In Windows Explorer, select C:\Program Files\Roche\Exor4\Data. (The location of the
database corresponds to the setting during installation; it may vary depending on
what you entered during installation of the database file. See also section Installing
LightCycler® 480 Software.)
�
Right-click the database (*.IB) you want to check. From the menu, select Properties
and read the size from the corresponding menu item.
■
When you need to compress the database file (e.g., if the database has exceeded the size
of 700 MB (CD) or 4.5 GB corresponding DVD), you can use the CompactIB tool.
To compress a database file:
�
Shutdown all running database engines by right-clicking the Exor4 icon in the system
tray and selecting Shutdown.
�
Select the database you want to compress in the Windows Explorer under ­C:\Program
Files\Roche\Exor4\Data. (The location of the database corresponds to the setting
during installation; it may vary depending on what you entered during installation of
the database file. See also section Installing LightCycler® 480 Software.)
�
Right-click the database you want to compress. From the menu, select Properties and
select the Security tab. Check the Allow box for Full Control and Modify for all existing
groups or user names. Click OK.
�
In the Start menu, select Programs/Roche/CompactIB.
�
The Compact Interbase Database File window opens. In the Database File to Compact
box, enter the directory of the database or click
to navigate to a location, and click
Open.
�
Click Compact to start the process.
D
■
To save a database file:
�
Shutdown the Exor4 by right-clicking the Exor4 icon in the system tray and selecting
Shutdown.
�
Save the database (*.IB) on a CD by using the CD record software on your PC.
■
Advanced Software Functionalities
339
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional Databases
To install additional databases:
If the LightCycler® 480 Software is already installed on your computer, you can use the
LightCycler® 480 Software setup program to install additional databases:
When installing an additional database, the Exor4 location and database file location
cannot be changed. There can be only one location for Exor4, and subsequent database
files must be in the same location as the original database was installed.
D
�
Shutdown all running database engines by right-clicking the Exor4 icon in the system
tray and selecting Shutdown.
�
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software CD. If installation does not start
automatically, double-click LightCycler480_Software_Setup.exe.
�
The Setup Type window is displayed. Select Install a database file, and click Next.
�
Select whether you want to install
►► a new traceable database
►► a new research database
►► an existing database (if any). The names of existing databases are displayed.
For detailed information about traceable and research databases see section
Database information.
Click Next.
►►►
340
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional Databases
�
16
The software prompts you to name the new database. Enter a database name, and
click Next.
If the entered database name already exists, you can choose whether to use the existing database or to create a new database with the same database name. The existing
database is maintained.
D
�
The software prompts you to enter a port number for the database. Use the default
value or enter a unique port number, and click Next.
►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
341
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Saving an Existing Database and Installing Additional Databases
�
Select the location for program icons. These are locations from which the
LightCycler® 480 Software can be started. Deselect the icon locations you
do not want, and click Next.
�
A message states that the maintenance is complete. Click Finish.
D
■
The installation process installs another Exor4 icon
on your desktop. Before you
can log onto the new database, you must start the newly installed Exor4 service either
by double-clicking the icon on your desktop or by rebooting the system.
Before defining an experiment using the newly installed database you need to define
an instrument. See section Defining an Instrument for details.
342
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Logging on to Different Databases
16.4
16
Logging on to Different Databases
You can log on to an additionally installed database by selecting a previously included
database in the Log on to pull-down menu.
�
Double-click the LightCycler® 480 Software icon to launch the LightCycler® 480 Software.
�
A login dialog box opens. Click Options to display the list of known object servers.
�
Click
�
Enter a name for the database and its location.
. A Database Properties window opens.
►► If the database is located on the same computer as the LightCycler® 480 software,
enter “localhost” and the port number of the database to be integrated, separated
by a colon.
►► If the database is located on a remote computer, enter either the IP address or the
network name of the remote computer, and the port number of the database to be
integrated, separated by a colon (e.g., 10.127.65.190:20482).
Click
If the remote computer receives its IP address dynamically (via DHCP) it is best
to use the computer name.
.
D
To find the port number for a database, point at the Exor4 icon in the system
tray, and read the object server properties, which are displayed as shown below.
►►►
Advanced Software Functionalities
343
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Logging on to Different Databases
�
The database is included in the List of known Databases and can be selected in the
Log on to box.
Log on to the software using the User name “admin” and Password “­LightCycler480” as
the initial password for the newly installed database.
■
To remove a database from the List of known Databases select a database and
click . To change the name or location of a database click .
D
344
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Replacing an Existing Database File with a Database File of the Same Name
16.5
16
Replacing an Existing Database File with a Database
File of the Same Name
You can replace an existing database file by a database file of the same name (e.g., after
reinstalling LightCycler® 480 Software). No additional Exor4 service is necessary to perform this task.
To replace an existing database file with a database file of the same name:
�
Exit the LightCycler® 480 Software.
�
Shutdown database engine corresponding to the database to be replaced by
right-clicking the Exor4 icon in the system tray and selecting Shutdown.
�
Copy the database file to be restored (e.g., from a CD) into the database directory.
�
�
D
The name of the database must be identical with the name of the deleted
database. Rename the database if necessary.
Start the Exor4 service by double-clicking the icon on your desktop.
®
Start the LightCycler 480 Software.
All passwords and the user structure are stored in the database and not in the
software. Therefore use the initial login data:
“admin” as user name and “LightCycler480” as the password.
If you have replaced your database with the original database from the
LightCycler® 480 Software CD, also use the initial login data:
“admin” as user name and “LightCycler480” as the password.
■
To log onto the restored database you must enter the user name and password for this
database.
Advanced Software Functionalities
345
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Setting up a Client/Server Network
16.6
Setting up a Client/Server Network
LightCycler® 480 Software provides network functionality. This allows you to con­
nect the application to a LightCycler® 480 database on a remote computer. It is even
pos­sible to host several connections from different users to a single remote database.
Accordingly, a LightCycler® 480 client/server network can be set up that connects up
to 5 LightCycler® 480 control units and data workstations (i.e., PCs not connected to
a Light­Cycler® 480 Instrument but having LightCycler® 480 Software installed for data
analysis) to one LightCycler® 480 database server.
You can also set-up a network of LightCycler® 480 applications without installing a
shared remote database server simply to enable easy data exchange between several
LightCycler® 480 control units and data workstations.
Before connecting LightCycler® 480 control units and data workstations to a remote
database server via a network that is also connected to an unprotected, foreign network, you should carefully read and understand the disclaimer on connection of a
LightCycler® 480 System to a network under ‘General Precautions’.
The following gives an overview of the principle options for setting up such a network
solution. Note that also combinations of these sample configurations are possible.
The symbol
denotes a Roche computer system, while the symbol
non-Roche computer system provided by the user.
D
346
denotes a
1. A sub-network consisting of LightCycler® 480 applications on Roche computer
systems only is connected to a foreign, unprotected network (e.g., a laboratory
network or Intranet). The LightCycler® 480 sub-network may consist of any combination of LightCycler® 480 instruments with their control units, data workstations, and/
or a database server. To secure the LightCycler® 480 sub-network from any potential
threats (e.g., network-borne attacks), network traffic to and from the LightCycler® 480
sub-network must be controlled by the cobas IT firewall.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Setting up a Client/Server Network
16
The LightCycler® 480 sub-network may also be run as an isolated, local network with
no connection to a foreign network. No router to another network or Internet connection need be installed in this case.
2. All LightCycler® 480 applications (LightCycler® 480 Software on control units and
data workstations, and Exor4 Object Server software on the remote database server)
are installed on Roche computer systems, connected directly to a foreign, unprotected
network (e.g., a laboratory network or Intranet). In this case, each LightCycler® 480
application must be secured individually by a cobas IT firewall. Additionally, the
security of the communication between the database server and the LightCycler® 480
applications is warranted by setting up Virtual Private Network connections (VPN)
between them.
D
Advanced Software Functionalities
347
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Setting up a Client/Server Network
3. Some of the LightCycler® 480 applications (LightCycler® 480 Software on data
workstations, and/or Exor4 Object Server software on the remote database
server) are installed on non-Roche computer systems. These non-Roche systems and
Light­Cycler® 480 control unit(s) are connected directly to a foreign, unprotected
network (e.g., a laboratory network or Intranet). In this case, each LightCycler® 480
control unit must be secured individually by a cobas IT firewall. Security of non-Roche
systems has to be ensured by the user.
D
When setting up a LightCycler® 480 client/server network solution, observe the
following general conditions and restrictions:
If in doubt, contact your local Roche service engineer who will guide through these
rules.
►► Exor4 Object Server software, which must be installed together with the LightCycler® 480
database on the remote database server, is compatible with both Microsoft Windows
XP Professional (service pack 2) and Microsoft Server 2003.
Nevertheless, as Roche has not validated the functionality of Exor4 Object Server software in combination with Microsoft Server 2003, and since Microsoft Server 2003 can
only be installed on a non-Roche computer system, Roche cannot support this configuration.
In addition to the remote database, it is also possible to use a local database on the
control unit. When you start the LightCycler® 480 Software on the control unit, you
can choose which database (local or remote) you want to log on to.
►► The same version of LightCycler® 480 Software must be installed on all control units
and data workstations.
Only the Exor4 Object Server and the LightCycler® 480 database are installed on the
database server.
348
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Setting up a Client/Server Network
16
►► Each LightCycler® 480 Instrument must be connected to a separate control unit.
►► The LightCycler® 480 database server must run constantly while a user being is logged
on to Windows. The Exor4 Object Server must be up and running.
►► For safety reasons all users should log on to different accounts of the remote
database.
►► The number of active connections to the remote database should not exceed 5.
►► The use of a virtual instrument on the remote database is limited to 1 for each type
(96-well or 384-well).
►► Templates and macros must be defined either on LightCycler® 480 instrument control
units or in a separate local database on a LightCycler® 480 data workstation.
►► Should the network connection between an instrument control unit and the database server be lost during a LightCycler® 480 run, the experimental data should to be
exported from the LightCycler® 480 Software on the control unit and imported into
the remote database.
►► Powering down of the database server during a LightCycler® 480 run may lead to an
undefined status of the database and therefore to a possible loss of data.
D
Advanced Software Functionalities
349
16
Installation and Maintenance of LightCycler® 480 Software
Removing LightCycler® 480 Software
16.7
Removing LightCycler® 480 Software
Follow these steps to uninstall the LightCycler® 480 Software from your local computer.
To uninstall LightCycler® 480 Software:
D
�
Shutdown all running database engines by right-clicking the Exor4 icon in the system
tray and selecting Shutdown.
�
Insert the LightCycler® 480 Software CD. If installation doesn’t start automatically,
double-click LightCycler480_Software_Setup.exe. The Setup Type window is displayed.
Select Uninstall LightCycler® 480 Basic Software.
�
You are prompted to confirm the deletion. Click OK.
�
A message states that the InstallShield Wizard has finished performing maintenance
operations. Click Finish.
■
350
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Maintenance
Chapter E • Maintenance
Description of the maintenance procedures
required for the LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Table of Contents
E
Maintenance
1
General Maintenance.................................................................................................................................353
2
Cleaning Instructions..................................................................................................................................353
2.1
2.2
353
General Cleaning..............................................................................................................................................353
Preventive Maintenance.................................................................................................................................353
3
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp..................................................................................................................354
4
Exchanging the Ventilation Dust Filters...........................................................................................358
5
Exchanging Fuses.........................................................................................................................................360
E
352
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
General Maintenance
General Cleaning
Maintenance
1
General Maintenance
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument is maintenance-free.
2
Cleaning Instructions
Never clean the LightCycler® 480 Instrument without turning the instrument power
switch off and disconnecting the power cable.
Do not poor fluids into the thermal block cycler, the compartment of the block cycler
unit, or the interior of the instrument.
As with all potentially biohazardous specimens, universal safety precautions should be
taken when handling and processing samples. Spills should be immediately disinfected
with an appropriate disinfectant solution to avoid spreading contamination to laboratory personnel or equipment. Handling and disposal of infectious material should be
performed according to local safety guidelines.
2.1
General Cleaning
Regular cleaning of the LightCycler® 480 Instruments and accessories is not obligatory
required. If necessary, clean the housing of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument, the thermal
block cycler, and the block cycler cover with a mild commercial detergent. If necessary,
use 70% ethanol for disinfecting the instrument housing, the thermal block cycler, and
the block cycler cover.
Cleaning of the LightCycler® 480 block cycler unit: pipette into all wells 20µl (384-well
block) respectively 125µl (96 well block) of 70% Ethanol or Isopropanol. After waiting
15 minutes pipette up and down several times. Remove the liquid and let the block cycler
unit dry before using again. Take care not to destroy the block coating.
2.2
Preventive Maintenance
The area around the LightCycler® 480 Instrument should be checked regularly, to
ensure that the air flow is unrestricted and that books, papers, or other supplies are not
interfering with the air flow. For detailed requirements, see section Installation.
Maintenance
E
353
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
3
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
Sufficient intensity of the Xenon excitation lamp is a requirement for optimal detection of
fluorescent signals during real-time PCR and melting curve analysis. Therefore, the LightCycler® 480 Instrument automatically and continually measures the intensity of the Xenon
lamp. If the lamp intensity falls below 50% of its initial intensity, you are auto­matically
warned by the LightCycler® 480 Software that the Xenon lamp must be exchanged. The
Xenon lamp is available as an exchange spare part from Roche. Please contact your local
Roche representative for details.
Use only the exchange Xenon lamp available directly from Roche
(Cat. No. 04 686 136 001).
Never exchange the Xenon lamp without turning the instrument power switch off and
disconnecting the power cable. Non-compliance poses the danger of electric shock and
damage to the eyes by the bright light of the lamp.
Before exchanging the Xenon lamp, make sure you have waited an appropriate period of time (approximately 20 minutes) after you shut down the LightCycler® 480
Instrument to allow the lamp to cool. Directly after completion of a run, the lamp is
hot enough to cause an immediate burn.
In its cold state the lamp has a high internal pressure (as much as 20 bar). During
operation the internal pressure is around three times higher than in the cold state. The
lamp is extremely unlikely to explode but the possibility cannot be entirely ruled out.
Therefore, when handling the Xenon lamp always use the protective jacket or cap supplied. When installing the lamp, remove the protective jacket or cap and always take
the following precautions: wear goggles and gloves and protect your neck (e.g., with a
thick scarf). Take the same precautions when removing the lamp.
Do not get finger marks, grease, paint or the like on the bulb. Before using the lamp,
remove any such marks with isopropanol or ethanol or any other suitable agent that
leaves no residues on the bulb.
E
354
The Xenon lamp does not contain any materials which are harmful to the environment so they are not subject to special waste disposal regulations. Prior to disposal, the
old lamp should be stored in their protective jacket or cap where it cannot be easily
accessed. Where possible, the lamp should be disposed off by a specialist waste management company. If this is not possible, put on protective clothing, wrap the lamp
completely in leather or thick cloth, smash the lamp, including the discharge tube, with
a suitable implement and dispose off the pieces.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
The steps below describes how to exchange the Xenon lamp.
�
Remove the right instrument panel.
�
Now you can easily move the instrument cover to the right, giving access to the lamp
unit.
�
To access the Xenon lamp, you have to remove the lamp unit cover first. The cover is
fixed by a screw. Unscrew the cover and open it.
E
►►►
Maintenance
355
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
�
The Xenon lamp is fixed by a clip which itself is secured by a screw. Unscrew the clip
and open it.
►►►
E
356
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging the Xenon Lamp
�
Lift the Xenon lamp out of its clamp and remove the two conductors.
�
Install the new Xenon lamp. First attach the (—) conductor, and then the (+) conductor.
�
Complete installing the new Xenon lamp by putting it back into its clamp. Make sure
the (—) conductor points upwardly. Follow Steps 4 to 1 above exactly in reversed
order.
�
After you exchanged the Xenon lamp, make sure to reset the lamp counter in
the Instruments window of the Tools dialog of the LightCycler® 480 Software
(for details, see section Administrative Tools.) The instrument will read and save
the intensity of the lamp as the starting intensity value. During operation, the
instrument compares this saved value to the actual lamp intensity to determine
the loss of lamp intensity. When the lamp intensity reaches 50% of its starting
intensity, you will be informed and prompted to exchange the lamp.
■
Maintenance
E
357
Exchanging the Ventilation Dust Filters
4
Exchanging the Ventilation Dust Filters
The electronic rack of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument is cooled by ventilation. Two ventilation inlets are located in the lower right corner of the right side of the instrument
(right beside the block cycler compartment) and in the back of the instrument. To avoid
any contamination of the instrument interior by dust particles, these ventilation inlets
carry dust filters.
The dust filters should be exchanged regularly every year. You can order exchange dust
filters directly from Roche (Cat. No. 04 686 128 001).
Four exchange dust filters are part of the LightCycler® 480 System package.
The steps below describes how to exchange the ventilation dust filters.
�
Remove the right instrument panel to access the lateral ventilation inlet.
�
Remove the ventilation dust filter carrier.
E
►►►
358
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging the Ventilation Dust Filters
�
In the same way, remove the dust filter carrier from the rear ventilation inlet.
�
Remove the used dust filters from each carrier and insert new filters.
�
Replace each dust filter carrier on the corresponding ventilation inlet. Reassemble the
right instrument panel.
■
E
Maintenance
359
Exchanging Fuses
5
Exchanging Fuses
The LightCycler® 480 Instrument contains eight fuse types. Fuses must be exchanged by
the user when they are blown. The LightCycler® 480 System package includes 10 replacement fuses for each type.
The following table provides an overview over the types and location of fuses used by the
LightCycler® 480 Instrument:
Type
Location
Labeling
Amperage
Voltage
Consumer
Load
Primary fuses
High-breaking
Left side of power box (when viewed
capacity
from the instrument front side),
(T 10A H / 250V) instrument exterior
E
360
2×
FUSES LINE
T10A / 250V
INPUT
2×
T10A H / 250V
Line input
instrument
►►►
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging Fuses
Type
Location
Labeling
Amperage
Voltage
Consumer
Load
F1
T3.15 A / 250V Detection unit
F2
T8 A / 250V
Block cycler
unit
F3, F4, F5
T16A / 250V
Thermal block
cycler Peltier
elements
Secondary fuses
High- or
low-breaking
capacity
Right side of power box, instrument interior
To access secondary fuses F1 – F5,
remove the right instrument panel.
►►►
Maintenance
E
361
Exchanging Fuses
Type
Location
Labeling
Amperage
Voltage
Consumer
Load
2×
Xenon lamp
Secondary fuses
Each of the secondary fuses F1 – F5
has a LED, which indicates its intactness. If a fuse is blown, the corresponding LED will be off.
Xenon lamp fuse
Instrument interior, right side of Xenon lamp
module, above the lamp’s mains socket.
E
T1.6A / 250V
To access the Xenon lamp fuse, remove the instrument cover.
■
362
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Exchanging Fuses
To exchange a primary or secondary fuse:
�
Using a screwdriver, unscrew the cover of the fuse chamber:
�
Remove the cover together with the fuse attached from the chamber.
E
�
Exchange the blown fuse with a replacement fuse and place it back in the chamber.
�
Screw up the cover again.
■
Maintenance
363
Exchanging Fuses
To exchange the Xenon lamp fuse:
�
Remove the instrument cover.
�
The Xenon lamp fuse is located above the mains socket of the Xenon lamp module.
�
Using forceps, press the clamps of the left and right side of the fuse holder inward.
Pull the fuse holder out of its chamber.
�
Exchange the blown fuse with a replacement fuse and place the fuse holder back in
the chamber.
�
Re-assemble and close the instrument cover.
E
■
364
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Appendix
Chapter F • Appendix
Troubleshooting, index
and ordering information
Table of Contents
F
Appendix
1
Troubleshooting.............................................................................................................................................367
1.1
1.2
1.3
367
Messages in the Message Area of the LightCycler® 480 Software..............................................368
Instrument Control Software Messages..................................................................................................369
Hardware Errors................................................................................................................................................371
2
Ordering Information...................................................................................................................................373
3
Index.....................................................................................................................................................................375
F
366
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Troubleshooting

Appendix
1
Troubleshooting
The monitoring of an experiment and the error history records are used to support the
servicing of the LightCycler® 480 Instrument. The LightCycler® 480 Software offers a
diagnostic tool (“Problem Reporting”) to collect all parameters related to the runs per­
formed. Refer to Chapter D Software, section 13. Diagnostic Tools for more details on
generating an Instrument Problem Report.
System messages and errors which may potentially occur are listed in the tables below. For
each message the probable cause and corrective action typically required for solving the
problem are shown. Call your Roche representative for troubleshooting assistance.
Data derived from a run where a system message appeared should be reviewed carefully. If the validity of the results is doubtful, repeat the run.
F
Appendix
367
Troubleshooting
Messages in the Message Area of the LightCycler® 480 Software
1.1
Messages in the Message Area of the LightCycler® 480
Software
System Message
Type
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Timed out while waiting for large
Warning
enough buffer to resume consuming!
Instrument disconnected /
power off during a run.
Reconnect / restart instrument
An error occurred during the run!
The run will now be aborted
Warning
Instrument disconnected /
power off during a run
Reconnect / restart instrument
Experiment New Experiment contains no acquisitions
Warning
The run does not contain
acquisitions
Select an analysis mode and an
acquisition type.
Please activate an instrument before setting up a new run
Warning
There is no default
instrument defined.
Click on “Open Tools”, goto Instruments and set an instrument
as default.
Warning
Dispatcher Exception: Attempted
to connect instrument xxxxxx to
a different instrument (yyyyyy) on
port HTC on 192.168.95.41. Please
choose the correct instrument in
the software, connect to a different
instrument/ port, or create a new
instrument if this is a new instrument
(hasn’t been connected before)!
The instrument connected
to the IP address has
changed.
Click on “Open Tools”, goto
Instruments and create a new
instrument, and set it as default.
Warning
Failed to open log file C:\Program
Files\Roche\LightCycler480\Bin\Logs
\Instr_xxxxxx000.log. A connected instrument is already using the log file!
The instrument is already
connected
-
Cannot find a user with the login
name “xy”
Warning
User does not exist in
database.
Click on “Open Tools” and check
user settings under “Users and
Groups”. Define user as appropriate.
The supplied password does not
match user xy!
Warning
Wrong password entered.
Check password entered.
The application was unable to
abort the run in a timely manner,
please save the experiment to
recover any data acquired this far.
The application may not behave as
expected until restarted!
Error
Hardware or software error
in the instrument.
Save the experiment and restart
LightCycler® 480 Software.
An error occurred during the run!
The run will now be aborted
Error
Hardware or software error
in the instrument.
If instrument’s status LED is
RED, restart instrument.
F
368
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Troubleshooting
Instrument Control Software Messages
1.2
Instrument Control Software Messages
Error No.
System Message
Type
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
16
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Communication Error
with Block Cycler Controller.
Restart instrument.
26
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Communication Error
Restart instrument.
with Detection Controller.
36
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Communication Error
with Raw Data controller 3.
Restart instrument.
46
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Communication Error
with Detection Controller 3.
Restart instrument.
11001
Command not allowed
Error
The command send to
the instrument cannot be
executed at this time.
a)check MWP, try command
again
b)after error: restart
­LightCycler® Software and
recover data from instrument
c)restart instrument
10006
Wrong instrument type
connected
Error
The software is not connected to a Light Cycler®
480 Instrument or the
instrument EEPROM is
defect.
Check if you are connected
to the correct instrument.
Contact Roche technical service if it is the case.
100100010
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Block Cycler Controller
Board removed or not
properly connected.
Check Block Cycler Controller
Board.
100100020
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Detection Control Motors Check Detection Control
Controller Board removed Motors Controller Board.
or not properly connected.
100100040
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Detection Control Controller Board removed or
not properly connected.
Check Detection Control
Controller Board.
100100050
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Data Reduction Controller Board removed or not
properly connected.
Check Data Reduction
Controller Board.
100100080
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Controller Firmware is
older as expected.
Restart instrument.
100100100
Restart instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Indicator Board defect or
unplugged.
Check Indicator Board.
100600120
Command not allowed
Warning
Command cannot be
executed due to a previous error.
If instrument status LED is
RED, restart instrument.
Command cannot be
executed due to a previous error.
If instrument status LED is
RED, restart instrument.
100600130
Appendix
Command not allowed
Warning
If instrument status LED is
GREEN, check multiwell plate
and repeat command.
F
If instrument status LED is
GREEN, check multiwell plate
and repeat command.
369
Troubleshooting
Instrument Control Software Messages
Error No.
100800100
System Message
Type
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Warning
Block cycler and cover
are not compatible.
Check thermal block cycler
and block cycler cover.
Block cycler EEPROM
defect.
Check EEPROM cable.
Wrong MWP orientation.
Check multiwell plate.
Error
101100100
Warning
MWP was loaded during
initialization.
101100110
Warning
Multiwell plate and block Check multiwell plate and
cycler are not compatible. thermal block cycler type.
101400130
Error
Door is open.
Close door.
Micro switch defect.
Check Micro switch.
F
370
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Troubleshooting
Hardware Errors
1.3
Hardware Errors
Error No.
System Message
Type
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
210259098
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Block temperature out of
range.
Check block cycler.
210259120
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Electronic rack
temperature over 90°C.
210260004
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Cover Heater on failed.
Check block cycler
cover.
220257060
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Init light barrier X-Axis
failed
Check Loading
220257060
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Init LB X-Axis failed
Check Loading
220272069
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Loading move command
failed
Check Loading
220272759
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Loading move command
failed
Check Loading
220274056
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Motor Z- or X-Axis not
connected
Check Loading
220274059
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Loading blocked during
movement
Check Loading
220513059
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Init light barrier Z-Axis
failed
Check Loading
220513060
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Init light barrier Z-Axis
failed
Check Loading
224257400
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
MWP Detection sensor
failed
Check MWP Sensors
230257122
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
LB Ex Filter Wheel
defect.
Check Filter Wheel.
230258124
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Motor Ex Filter Wheel
defect.
Check Filter Wheel.
230513130
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Xenon Lamp defect.
Check Xenon lamp.
240117060
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Synch-Error
Camera temperature
too high.
Check camera.
310000095
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
No block inserted
Check Block
310000096
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
No block cycler inserted.
310000097
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Block sensor shortcut
Check Block
310000099
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
No block cycler cover or
not recognized.
Check block cycler cover
heater.
310000104
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Block inhomogeneity
detected
Check Block
Appendix
Check settings for
ramp rate (°C/s).
Check environmental
temperature.
Check Block, Block
Sensor data are not avail- Connection.
able.
F
371
Troubleshooting
Hardware Errors
Error No.
System Message
Type
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
310000107
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
310000108
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Block cycler temperature
sensor defect.
310000112
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
No block cycler inserted.
310000115
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
No block inserted
310000118
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Electronic Rack
temperature sensor
unplugged or defect.
Check Electronic Rack
temperature sensor.
310000145
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Fuse F5 defect.
Check fuse F5.
310000146
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Fuse F4 defect.
Check fuse F4.
310000147
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Fuse F3 defect.
Check fuse F3.
310000148
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Fuse F2 defect.
Check fuse F2.
340000050
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Camera FireWire
cable unplugged.
Check Camera.
Camera data cable
unplugged.
Check Electronic Rack
Fan.
Check block cycler.
Check block cycler.
Check block cycler and
Sensor data are not avail- block connection.
able.
Check block cycler and
Sensor data are not avail- block connection.
able.
Check Optics module.
Ex Motor or LB on
Optics unit defect.
Electronic Rack Fan
defect.
340000060
F
372
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Camera temperature
too high.
Check camera.
340000067
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Cover Markers not
found.
Check block cycler cover
and camera.
340000080
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Asynch-Error
Optics cable unplugged.
Check Xenon lamp.
LB Em Filter Wheel
defect.
Check Optics module.
Check environmental
temperature.
Check Filter Parameters.
Block cycler cover
markers not found.
The Reference Channel
EEPROM is not
programmed.
500100850
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
Appears in combination
with 230513130 (Xenon
Lamp defect).
Check Xenon lamp.
500500420
Restart Instrument,
inform Roche service
Error
No open channel Found
TL-Slave 1.
Check instrument
connection.
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Ordering Information
2
Ordering Information
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Instruments
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, 96-well
1 instrument with control unit and
accessories
05 015 278 001
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II, 384-well
1 instrument with control unit and
accessories
05 015 243 001
1 software package
04 994 884 001
LightCycler 480 LIMS Interface Module
1 software package
05 066 310 001
LightCycler® 480 Gene Scanning Software
1 software package
05 103 908 001
1 software package
05 075 122 001
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit
(96-well) Silver
96-well thermal block cycler unit,
including block cycler cover, storage
box and loading device
05 015 219 001
LightCycler® 480 Thermal Block Cycler Unit
(384-well) Silver
384-well thermal block cycler unit,
including block cycler cover, storage
box and loading device
05 015 197 001
LightCycler® 480 Dust Filters
4 filters
04 686 128 001
LightCycler® 480 Xenon Lamp
1 lamp
04 686 136 001
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 96
50 plates with 50 sealing foils
04 729 692 001
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 384
50 plates with 50 sealing foils
04 729 749 001
LightCycler 480 Multiwell Plate 96, clear
50 plates with 50 sealing foils
05 102 413 001
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate 384, clear
50 plates with 50 sealing foils
05 102 430 001
1 x 50 foils
04 729 757 001
Software
LightCycler® 480 Software, Version 1.5
®
®
LightCycler 480 Multiple Plate Analysis Software
Accessories
Spare Parts
Disposables
®
®
LightCycler 480 Sealing Foil
LightCycler® 480 Sealing Foil Applicator
Appendix
04 706 170 001
F
373
Ordering Information
PCR Reagents
LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting Master
5 × 100 µl (500 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 909 631 001
1 kit (5 × 100 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 707 516 001
1 kit (10 × 500 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 887 352 001
1 kit (5 × 100 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 707 494 001
1 kit (10 × 500 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 887 301 001
1 kit (1 × 5000 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 902 343 001
1 kit (4 × 96 reactions, 20 µl each)
04 707 524 001
1 kit (5 × 100 reactions)
04 991 885 001
LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting Dye
1 ml
04 909 640 001
SimpleProbe 519 Labeling Reagent
100 µmol
04 687 132 001
LightCycler® 480 CYAN 500 Labeling Reagent
1 vial (100 µmol)
04 764 153 001
1g
03 138 178 001
5 columns
03 113 906 001
LightCycler Red 640-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester
1 vial
12 015 161 001
LightCycler® Red 610-N-hydroxysuccinimide ester
1 vial
03 561 488 001
LightCycler® 480 Demo Kit
1 kit (3 instrument runs)
04 710 924 001
100 purifications
11 796 828 001
®
LightCycler 480 PCR Master SYBR Green
®
LightCycler 480 Probes Master
LightCycler® 480 Genotyping Master
®
LightCycler 480 RNA Master Hydrolysis Probe
Labeling Reagents
®
LightCycler Fluorescein CPG
®
Isolation of Nucleic Acids
High Pure PCR Template Preparation Kit
F
374
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
3
Index
Index word
page
21 CFR Part 11 compliance............................................................................................. 10
Abort a run..................................................................................................................... 133
Absolute Quantification analysis.................................................................................. 161
Performing methods.....................................................................................................
Using the Fit Points method.........................................................................................
Using the Second Derivative Maximum method........................................................
Viewing results..............................................................................................................
162
170
168
176
Absolute Quantification experiment
Using the Fit Points method......................................................................................... 172
Acquisition..................................................................................................................... 254
Acquisitions (per °C).................................................................................................... 130
Add
Analysis notes................................................................................................................ 154
Adjust
Threshold...................................................................................................................... 171
Administration folder................................................................................................... 101
Administrative tools
Overview....................................................................................................................... 294
Administrator
Local Administrator role.............................................................................................. 299
Advanced Analysis mode............................................................................................... 180
Aluminium thermal block cycler.................................................................................... 51
Specifications.................................................................................................................. 34
Amplification curve endpoints
Analysis.......................................................................................................................... 216
Analysis
Performing.................................................................................................................... 148
Removing...................................................................................................................... 154
Renaming...................................................................................................................... 155
Analysis modules........................................................................................................... 147
Analysis notes
Adding........................................................................................................................... 154
Analysis results
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 156
Analysis steps
Overview....................................................................................................................... 148
Analysis subset............................................................................................................... 266
F
Analysis window............................................................................................................ 150
Appendix
375
Index
Apply
Color Compensation.................................................................................................... 256
Subset template............................................................................................................. 269
Template................................................................................................................ 137, 260
ATF file............................................................................................................................ 102
Importing...................................................................................................................... 113
Auto pairing
Relative Quantification analysis................................................................................... 184
Background correction range
Setting............................................................................................................................ 173
Basic Analysis mode....................................................................................................... 180
Batch export................................................................................................................... 116
Batch import.................................................................................................................. 120
Block cycler cover.................................................................................................. 49, 52, 80
Block cycler door.............................................................................................................. 51
Block cycler loading device............................................................................................. 80
Block cycler unit.......................................................................................................... 47, 51
Building blocks
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 47
CCD camera................................................................................................................ 47, 55
Change
Genotype call........................................................................................................ 230, 243
Chart
F
Copying......................................................................................................................... 273
Displaying...................................................................................................................... 153
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 272
Exposure History.......................................................................................................... 131
Fluorescence History.................................................................................................... 131
Menu.............................................................................................................................. 153
Overview....................................................................................................................... 270
Panning.......................................................................................................................... 275
Preferences............................................................................................................ 270, 282
Printing.......................................................................................................................... 270
Temperature History.................................................................................................... 131
Types.............................................................................................................................. 131
Types of information.................................................................................................... 270
Zooming................................................................................................................ 153, 274
Chart data
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 273
Chart heading
Specifying...................................................................................................................... 284
Chart label styles
Specifying...................................................................................................................... 284
Chart preferences
Overriding default........................................................................................................ 287
Overriding, example..................................................................................................... 289
376
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Chart preferences item
Creating......................................................................................................................... 290
Making it the default.................................................................................................... 290
Opening......................................................................................................................... 282
Cleaning.......................................................................................................................... 353
Color Compensation............................................................................... 119, 147, 149, 168
Applying........................................................................................................................
Insufficient....................................................................................................................
Selecting........................................................................................................................
Using..............................................................................................................................
256
252
151
249
Color Compensation analysis
Overview....................................................................................................................... 248
Color Compensation (CC) object................................................................................. 248
Applying........................................................................................................................ 133
Color Compensation experiment
Performing.................................................................................................................... 250
Running......................................................................................................................... 253
Configure
Sample Editor properties.............................................................................................. 138
Connect
LightCycler® 480 Instrument to the software............................................................. 336
Control unit...................................................................................................................... 45
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 31
Cooling elements............................................................................................................. 52
Copy
Sample information...................................................................................................... 152
Table region to the clipboard....................................................................................... 276
Create
Experiment from templates..........................................................................................
New object.....................................................................................................................
Result sets......................................................................................................................
Subset............................................................................................................................
Subset template.............................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
261
103
199
266
269
260
Crossing point (Cp)....................................................................................................... 161
Of the sample................................................................................................................ 162
Crosstalk......................................................................................................................... 248
Crosstalk remaining
Recommendations........................................................................................................ 252
Customize
Charts............................................................................................................................
Online data display.......................................................................................................
Report............................................................................................................................
Samples..........................................................................................................................
282
132
278
282
F
Cy5............................................................................................................................... 56, 57
Reporter dye.................................................................................................................... 67
Cycle................................................................................................................................ 129
Appendix
377
Index
Database
Checking the size.......................................................................................................... 339
Cleaning-up.................................................................................................................. 315
Installing additional databases..................................................................................... 339
Logging off...................................................................................................................... 96
Logging on to a different database............................................................................... 343
Remote database........................................................................................................... 346
Research database......................................................................................................... 314
Saving an existing database.......................................................................................... 339
Traceable database........................................................................................................ 314
Updating........................................................................................................................ 314
Database file
Compressing................................................................................................................. 339
Replacing with a database file of the same name........................................................ 345
Saving............................................................................................................................ 339
Database handling
Software Version 1.3 or earlier..................................................................................... 317
Database Information window..................................................................................... 314
Database items
Navigation..................................................................................................................... 100
Define
Instrument....................................................................................................................
Melt program................................................................................................................
Program.........................................................................................................................
Temperature targets......................................................................................................
322
206
128
128
Deselect
Sample................................................................................................................... 108, 111
Detection channels.......................................................................................................... 56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I filter set........................................................................ 56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II filter set....................................................................... 57
Detection format............................................................................................................ 323
Defining for a new fluorescent dye.............................................................................. 326
Overview......................................................................................................................... 63
Setting............................................................................................................................ 126
Detection formats
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I filter set...................................................................... 323
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II filter set..................................................................... 324
Supported detection formats......................................................................................... 61
Tm Calling analysis....................................................................................................... 208
F
Detection unit............................................................................................................. 47, 54
Filter sets.......................................................................................................................... 32
Specifications.................................................................................................................. 32
Detector
Detection unit................................................................................................................. 32
Determine
Fit Points....................................................................................................................... 171
Diagnostic tools............................................................................................................. 328
Display
Chart.............................................................................................................................. 153
378
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Disposables...................................................................................................................... 58
Dual-color experiment.................................................................................................. 182
Dust filter.......................................................................................................................... 50
Exchanging.................................................................................................................... 358
Dye combinations
With universal CC object............................................................................................. 248
Emission filter............................................................................................................. 55, 56
Endpoint Genotyping
Performing with PCR Read..........................................................................................
Performing with Pre/Post Read....................................................................................
Result control concept..................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
220
223
231
231
Endpoint Genotyping analysis...................................................................................... 216
Charts............................................................................................................................
Overview.......................................................................................................................
Performing....................................................................................................................
Results............................................................................................................................
Supported samples........................................................................................................
228
217
225
227
219
Endpoint Genotyping experiment
Measurement modes..................................................................................................... 219
Enter
Sample information...................................................................................................... 139
Enter data
In Plate View................................................................................................................. 141
In Table View................................................................................................................. 141
Environmental parameters
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 29
Environmental requirements.......................................................................................... 42
Equipment
Additionally required...................................................................................................... 62
Error Log................................................................................................................. 313, 329
Deleting files.......................................................................................................... 313, 329
Errors
Hardware errors............................................................................................................ 371
Exchanging
Thermal block cycler...................................................................................................... 80
Excitation
Detection unit................................................................................................................. 32
Excitation–emission filter combinations
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I....................................................................................... 56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II..................................................................................... 57
Excitation filter........................................................................................................... 55, 56
F
Wavelengths.............................................................................................................. 32, 33
Excitation light source..................................................................................................... 54
Appendix
379
Index
Exclude
Samples.......................................................................................................................... 111
Exit software..................................................................................................................... 96
Experiment
Creating from templates............................................................................................... 261
Programming................................................................................................................ 124
Types of permission...................................................................................................... 300
Experiment macro
Creating......................................................................................................................... 262
Running......................................................................................................................... 263
Experiment raw data
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 113
Experiment run
Starting.......................................................................................................................... 133
Experiment text file........................................................................................................ 114
Export............................................................................................................................... 96
Analysis results.............................................................................................................. 156
Batch export.................................................................................................. 102, 116, 314
Chart.............................................................................................................................. 272
Chart data...................................................................................................................... 273
Directories..................................................................................................................... 293
Experiment raw data............................................................................................. 113, 115
Individual LightCycler® 480 Software objects............................................................. 115
Instrument Problem Report......................................................................................... 328
Multiple files.................................................................................................................. 116
Object............................................................................................................................ 113
Object data.................................................................................................................... 102
Sample editor data........................................................................................................ 146
Sample information...................................................................................... 112, 142, 153
Table data...................................................................................................................... 276
External melting standard object
Saving............................................................................................................................ 244
External standard curve
Generating..................................................................................................................... 202
Using.............................................................................................................................. 166
FAM.............................................................................................................................. 56, 57
Reporter dye.................................................................................................................... 67
Files
F
Importing.............................................................................................................. 113, 119
IXO................................................................................................................................ 102
Filter
Excitating......................................................................................................................... 55
Filter combination
Selecting........................................................................................................................ 151
Filter combinations
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I....................................................................................... 56
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II..................................................................................... 57
380
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Filter combinations for detection format
Selecting........................................................................................................................ 127
Filter set
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I....................................................................................... 32
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II..................................................................................... 33
Fit Points
Determining.................................................................................................................. 171
Fit Points method
Performing an Absolute Quantification analysis........................................................ 170
Performing an Absolute Quantification experiment.................................................. 172
Fluorescein.................................................................................................................. 56, 57
Fluorescence chart
Specifying content........................................................................................................ 284
Specifying information................................................................................................. 285
Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET).................................................... 64, 232
Fluos............................................................................................................................ 56, 57
Folder
Types of permission...................................................................................................... 302
FRET (fluorescence energy transfer)....................................................................... 64, 232
Fuses............................................................................................................................... 360
Exchanging....................................................................................................................
Exchanging fuse of the Xenon lamp............................................................................
Location.........................................................................................................................
Types..............................................................................................................................
363
364
360
360
Generate
Report............................................................................................................................ 278
Genotype analysis
Template........................................................................................................................ 259
Genotype call
Changing............................................................................................................... 230, 243
Genotype group
Renaming...................................................................................................................... 242
Genotyping................................................................................................................ 70, 147
Global action bar............................................................................................................. 96
Grouping method
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis............................................................................. 238
Handheld bar-code scanner............................................................................................ 46
Specifications.................................................................................................................. 36
Haplotype analysis......................................................................................................... 216
Hardware errors............................................................................................................. 371
F
Heated lid......................................................................................................................... 51
Heat-transfer technology................................................................................................ 52
High Confidence algorithm........................................................................................... 168
Appendix
381
Index
High Sensitivity algorithm............................................................................................ 168
HybProbe probes........................................................................................................ 56, 57
Monitoring PCR............................................................................................................. 69
Hydrolysis probes....................................................................................................... 56, 57
Monitoring PCR............................................................................................................. 67
Import
Batch import......................................................................................................... 102, 120
Data files........................................................................................................................ 102
Files........................................................................................................................ 113, 119
Multiple files.................................................................................................................. 120
Sample Editor data........................................................................................................ 144
Sample information...................................................................................................... 142
Include
Samples.......................................................................................................................... 111
Initial password............................................................................................................... 92
Insert
New thermal block cycler............................................................................................... 84
Install
Additional databases..................................................................................................... 340
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II..................................................................................... 43
LightCycler® 480 Software........................................................................................... 331
Installation requirements
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 40
Instrument....................................................................................................................... 95
Defining......................................................................................................................... 322
Virtual Instrument........................................................................................................ 123
Instrument Problem Report......................................................................................... 328
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 328
Instrument window....................................................................................................... 319
Integration time mode
Setting............................................................................................................................ 127
Interfaces
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 30
IXO file............................................................................................................................ 102
Importing...................................................................................................................... 113
F
Lamp unit.................................................................................................................... 47, 54
LAN interface.............................................................................................................. 46, 50
LightCycler® 480 client/server network
Conditions and restrictions.......................................................................................... 348
LightCycler® 480 Control Kit.......................................................................................... 61
LightCycler® 480 Genotyping Master........................................................................ 60, 61
LightCycler® 480 High Resolution Melting Master....................................................... 60
382
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
LightCycler® 480 Instrument
Conformity...................................................................................................................... 11
Connecting to the software.......................................................................................... 336
Cover removed................................................................................................................ 48
Description...................................................................................................................... 47
Installation requirements............................................................................................... 40
License statements.......................................................................................................... 11
Main building blocks...................................................................................................... 47
Specifications.................................................................................................................. 29
Symbols........................................................................................................................... 18
Warnings and precautions.............................................................................................. 19
LightCycler® 480 Instrument I filter set
Detection channel........................................................................................................... 56
Detection formats......................................................................................................... 324
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II
New features.................................................................................................................... 26
LightCycler® 480 Instrument II filter set
Detection channels......................................................................................................... 57
Detection formats......................................................................................................... 324
LightCycler® 480 Instrument master mixes................................................................... 60
LightCycler® 480 Instrument Operator’s Manual
Structure.......................................................................................................................... 16
LightCycler® 480 Instrument run
Preparing......................................................................................................................... 77
Starting............................................................................................................................ 77
LightCycler® 480 Multiwell Plate.................................................................................... 59
LightCycler® 480 Probes Master................................................................................ 60, 61
LightCycler® 480 RNA Master Hydrolysis Probes.................................................... 60, 61
LightCycler® 480 Software
21 CFR Part 11 compliance............................................................................................ 10
Components.................................................................................................................... 90
Installing........................................................................................................................ 331
New functions................................................................................................................. 26
Overview......................................................................................................................... 90
Removing...................................................................................................................... 350
Starting.................................................................................................................... 92, 336
LightCycler® 480 Software main window
Areas................................................................................................................................ 94
LightCycler® 480 SYBR Green I Master..................................................................... 60, 61
LightCycler® Cyan 500................................................................................................ 56, 57
Reporter dye.................................................................................................................... 67
LightCycler® Red 610.................................................................................................. 56, 57
Reporter dye.................................................................................................................... 67
LightCycler® Red 640.................................................................................................. 56, 57
F
Reporter dye.................................................................................................................... 67
LightCycler® Red 705....................................................................................................... 57
LIMS.................................................................................................................. 31, 254, 262
Appendix
383
Index
LIMS connection.............................................................................................................. 53
Loading device............................................................................................................ 52, 80
Log off............................................................................................................................... 96
Macro....................................................................................................................... 257, 262
Creating an experiment macro....................................................................................
Roche Macros................................................................................................................
Running an experiment macro....................................................................................
Types of permission......................................................................................................
262
263
263
303
Mains switch.................................................................................................................... 76
Maintenance................................................................................................................... 353
Manual
Structure.......................................................................................................................... 16
Symbols........................................................................................................................... 17
Text conventions............................................................................................................. 17
Master mixes
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 60
Master reagents
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 60
Melting Curve analysis.................................................................................................. 206
After PCR with SYBR Green I dye................................................................................. 66
Melting Curve Genotyping
Grouping samples......................................................................................................... 234
Types of sample groups/calls........................................................................................ 234
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis............................................................................. 216
Charts............................................................................................................................
Displaying the raw data................................................................................................
Grouping method.........................................................................................................
Overview.......................................................................................................................
Performing....................................................................................................................
Resolution of a sample.................................................................................................
Result control concept..................................................................................................
Results............................................................................................................................
Score..............................................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
Used melting standards................................................................................................
241
234
238
232
238
234
245
240
234
245
234
Melting Curve Genotyping experiment
Performing.................................................................................................................... 235
F
Melting Curves chart..................................................................................................... 207
Melting Peaks chart................................................................................................ 207, 214
Melting standards
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis............................................................................. 234
Melting Temperature analysis
Content.......................................................................................................................... 207
Melt program
Defining......................................................................................................................... 206
384
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Message area
Parts................................................................................................................................. 99
Messages......................................................................................................................... 368
Instrument control software messages........................................................................ 369
Modify
Subset............................................................................................................................ 268
Module bar....................................................................................................................... 97
Monitoring PCR
With HybProbe probes................................................................................................... 69
With hydrolysis probes................................................................................................... 67
With the SYBR Green I Dye........................................................................................... 65
Mono-color experiment................................................................................................ 182
Multicolor............................................................................................................ 55, 56, 250
Endpoint Genotyping................................................................................................... 219
Multicolor detection................................................................................................... 67, 69
Multicolor HybProbe detection format....................................................................... 127
Multiwell plate................................................................................................................. 58
Loading...................................................................................................................... 53, 78
Removing........................................................................................................................ 53
Sealing............................................................................................................................. 59
Multiwell plate bar-code scanner............................................................................... 51, 53
Specifications.................................................................................................................. 35
Multiwell plate loader........................................................................................... 48, 49, 51
Multiwell plate (MWP) image....................................................................................... 109
Information provided................................................................................................... 110
Printing.......................................................................................................................... 110
Zooming in/out............................................................................................................ 109
Multiwell plate type
Setting............................................................................................................................ 327
Navigation
Database items.............................................................................................................. 100
Network
Client/Server................................................................................................................. 346
Principle options for setting up................................................................................... 346
Network cable................................................................................................................... 46
Network solution
Condition and restrictions........................................................................................... 348
New functions
LightCycler® 480 System................................................................................................ 26
Noiseband
Setting.................................................................................................................... 170, 174
F
Object
Creating......................................................................................................................... 103
Exporting................................................................................................................. 96, 113
Appendix
385
Index
Object files...................................................................................................................... 102
Object handling
Software Version 1.3 or earlier..................................................................................... 318
Object types
Suitable for templates................................................................................................... 258
Online data display
Customizing.................................................................................................................. 132
Open
Chart Preferences item................................................................................................. 282
Operation log................................................................................................................. 328
Viewing.......................................................................................................................... 321
Optics unit................................................................................................................... 47, 54
Ordering information................................................................................................... 373
Overcompensation
Recommendations........................................................................................................ 252
Pair samples................................................................................................................... 199
Pan
Chart.............................................................................................................................. 275
Password
Changing....................................................................................................................... 311
Expiration days............................................................................................................. 310
Initial password............................................................................................................... 92
PCR efficiency......................................................................................................... 163, 164
PCR efficiency correction.............................................................................................. 180
PCR Read........................................................................................................................ 219
Peak data
Sorting........................................................................................................................... 212
Peltier elements................................................................................................................ 52
Perform
F
Advanced Relative Quantification experiment...........................................................
Analysis..........................................................................................................................
Basic Relative Quantification experiment...................................................................
Color Compensation experiment................................................................................
Endpoint Genotyping analysis.....................................................................................
Endpoint Genotyping with PCR Read........................................................................
Endpoint Genotyping with Pre/Post Read..................................................................
Manual Tm Calling analysis.........................................................................................
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis.............................................................................
Melting Curve Genotyping experiment......................................................................
Tm Calling analysis.......................................................................................................
187
148
185
250
225
220
223
214
238
235
208
Permissions
Object-specific.............................................................................................................. 300
Plate detector............................................................................................................. 53, 327
386
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Plate View
Entering data................................................................................................................. 141
Power box......................................................................................................................... 50
Power cable....................................................................................................................... 45
Power requirements
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 40
Preference
Types of permission...................................................................................................... 304
Preferences
Chart preferences.................................................................................................. 270, 282
Folder............................................................................................................................. 282
Overview....................................................................................................................... 282
Sample preferences....................................................................................................... 291
User preferences............................................................................................................ 293
Pre/Post Read................................................................................................................. 219
Print
Chart.............................................................................................................................. 270
Multiwell plate (MWP) image..................................................................................... 110
Report............................................................................................................................ 281
Problem Report....................................................................................................... 102, 328
Program.......................................................................................................................... 128
Defining......................................................................................................................... 128
Ending........................................................................................................................... 133
New experiment............................................................................................................ 124
Provide
Standard curve.............................................................................................................. 164
Quantification................................................................................................................ 147
Quantification analysis
Template........................................................................................................................ 258
Query
Creating......................................................................................................................... 314
Executing....................................................................................................................... 104
Query tab....................................................................................................................... 104
Range
Of reaction volume....................................................................................................... 125
Reagents............................................................................................................................ 60
Appendix
F
387
Index
Relative Quantification analysis
Advanced Analysis mode..............................................................................................
Analysis modes..............................................................................................................
Auto pairing..................................................................................................................
Basic Analysis mode......................................................................................................
Editing subordinate analyses........................................................................................
Identifiers......................................................................................................................
Invalidating...................................................................................................................
Overview.......................................................................................................................
Principles.......................................................................................................................
Result control concept..................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
Viewing subordinate analyses......................................................................................
Viewing the results........................................................................................................
180
179
184
180
193
184
203
179
183
205
203
193
198
Relative Quantification experiment
Types.............................................................................................................................. 182
Relative Quantification experiment (advanced)
Performing.................................................................................................................... 187
Relative Quantification experiment (basic)
Performing.................................................................................................................... 185
Remove
Analysis from experiment............................................................................................ 154
LightCycler® 480 Software........................................................................................... 350
Thermal block cycler...................................................................................................... 81
Rename
Analysis.......................................................................................................................... 155
Genotype group............................................................................................................ 242
Subset............................................................................................................................ 268
Report............................................................................................................................. 258
Customizing..................................................................................................................
Generating.....................................................................................................................
Printing..........................................................................................................................
Settings..........................................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
278
278
281
312
258
Report subset................................................................................................................. 266
Resolution
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis............................................................................. 234
Result control concept
F
Endpoint Genotyping................................................................................................... 231
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis............................................................................. 245
Relative Quantification analysis................................................................................... 205
Result set
Creating......................................................................................................................... 199
Viewing amplification curves for the samples............................................................. 201
Roche folder................................................................................................................... 101
Run
Aborting........................................................................................................................ 133
Color Compensation experiment................................................................................ 253
Template........................................................................................................................ 258
388
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Run module...................................................................................................................... 97
Opening........................................................................................................................... 97
Sample capacity
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 30
Sample Editor................................................................................................................. 135
Sample Editor data
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 146
Importing...................................................................................................................... 144
Sample Editor properties
Configuring................................................................................................................... 138
Sample information
Copying......................................................................................................................... 152
Entering......................................................................................................................... 139
Exporting............................................................................................................... 142, 153
Importing...................................................................................................................... 142
Sample points
Specifying appearance.................................................................................................. 286
Sample preferences........................................................................................................ 282
Modifying for an experiment....................................................................................... 292
Using.............................................................................................................................. 291
Samples
Auto pairing.................................................................................................................. 199
Deselecting............................................................................................................ 108, 111
Excluding....................................................................................................................... 111
Including....................................................................................................................... 111
Manual pairing.............................................................................................................. 200
Selecting........................................................................................................ 108, 111, 152
Selecting by clipboard data........................................................................................... 277
Viewing amplification curves....................................................................................... 201
Sample Table.................................................................................................................. 111
Sorting........................................................................................................................... 112
Sample Table data
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 112
Sample template............................................................................................................. 258
Save
External melting standard object................................................................................. 244
Standard curve.............................................................................................................. 164
Score of a sample
Melting Curve Genotyping analysis............................................................................. 234
Sealing
Multiwell plates............................................................................................................... 59
Sealing foil........................................................................................................................ 59
Second Derivative Maximum method.......................................................................... 167
F
Performing an Absolute Quantification analysis........................................................ 168
Appendix
389
Index
Select
Color Compensation.................................................................................................... 151
Filter combination........................................................................................................ 151
Samples.......................................................................................................... 108, 111, 152
Samples by clipboard data............................................................................................ 277
Samples from a chart.................................................................................................... 154
Select samples
To include in result calculations................................................................................... 152
To view in charts........................................................................................................... 152
Self Test........................................................................................................................... 329
Sequence-independent detection assays........................................................................ 63
Sequence-specific detection
In qPCR........................................................................................................................... 70
Sequence-specific probe binding assays......................................................................... 63
Set
Detection format........................................................................................................... 126
Noiseband..................................................................................................................... 170
Shipping
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 30
Silver thermal block cycler.............................................................................................. 51
Specifications.................................................................................................................. 34
SimpleProbe Probes.............................................................................................. 56, 57, 71
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis........................................................ 216
Methods......................................................................................................................... 216
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection........................................................ 70
Software License Agreement
LightCycler® 480 Software............................................................................................. 12
Sort
Sample Table................................................................................................................. 112
Table data...................................................................................................................... 276
Space requirements
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 40
Specifications
F
Detection unit.................................................................................................................
Handheld bar-code scanner...........................................................................................
LightCycler® 480 Instrument.........................................................................................
Multiwell plate bar-code scanner...................................................................................
Thermal block cyclers.....................................................................................................
Specify
Chart heading............................................................................................................... 284
Chart label styles........................................................................................................... 284
Standard curve............................................................................................................... 162
Creating.........................................................................................................................
External.........................................................................................................................
Providing.......................................................................................................................
Saving............................................................................................................................
Slope..............................................................................................................................
390
32
36
29
35
34
202
164
164
164
163
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
Standard curve chart
Specifying appearance.................................................................................................. 286
Standard object
Types of permission...................................................................................................... 305
Start
Experiment run............................................................................................................. 133
LightCycler® 480 Software..................................................................................... 92, 336
Start-up............................................................................................................................. 76
Status bar.......................................................................................................................... 95
Status LEDs................................................................................................................. 48, 76
Subset....................................................................................................................... 101, 278
Creating.........................................................................................................................
Default sample subset...................................................................................................
Modifying......................................................................................................................
Overview.......................................................................................................................
Renaming......................................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
266
266
268
266
268
258
Subset template
Applying........................................................................................................................ 269
Creating......................................................................................................................... 269
SYBR Green I................................................................................................... 56, 57, 63, 65
System messages............................................................................................................ 367
System package
Components.................................................................................................................... 39
System start-up................................................................................................................ 76
Table column
Changing the width...................................................................................................... 276
Table data
Exporting....................................................................................................................... 276
Sorting........................................................................................................................... 276
Table region
Copying to the clipboard.............................................................................................. 276
Table View
Entering data................................................................................................................. 141
Temperature chart
Specifying appearance.................................................................................................. 287
Specifying content........................................................................................................ 287
Temperature targets
Defining......................................................................................................................... 128
Appendix
F
391
Index
Template
Applying................................................................................................................ 137, 260
Creating......................................................................................................................... 260
Creating subset template.............................................................................................. 269
Genotype analysis......................................................................................................... 259
Overview....................................................................................................................... 257
Quantification analysis................................................................................................. 258
Report............................................................................................................................ 258
Run................................................................................................................................ 258
Sample........................................................................................................................... 258
Subset............................................................................................................................ 258
Tm Analysis................................................................................................................... 258
Types.............................................................................................................................. 257
Types of permissions.................................................................................................... 303
Text conventions
Used in this manual........................................................................................................ 17
Therma-Base
Heat transfer technology................................................................................................ 52
Thermal block cycler............................................................................................ 47, 51, 80
Different versions............................................................................................................
Exchanging......................................................................................................................
Inserting new one...........................................................................................................
Removing........................................................................................................................
Specifications..................................................................................................................
80
80
84
81
34
Threshold
Adjusting....................................................................................................................... 171
Threshold line................................................................................................................ 171
Tm Calling............................................................................................................... 147, 206
Tm Calling analysis
Automating...................................................................................................................
Performing....................................................................................................................
Performing manually....................................................................................................
Results............................................................................................................................
Template........................................................................................................................
209
208
214
206
258
Transport locking device................................................................................................. 44
Troubleshooting............................................................................................................. 367
Uninstall
LightCycler® 480 Software........................................................................................... 350
F
392
Universal Color Compensation (CC) object................................................................ 248
Universal Probe Library.................................................................................................. 68
Upgrade from Software Version 1.2 to 1.5...................................................................... 28
Use
External standard curve................................................................................................ 166
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
Index
User................................................................................................................................... 95
Account.........................................................................................................................
Expert User role............................................................................................................
Group............................................................................................................................
Managing.......................................................................................................................
Role................................................................................................................................
Standard User role........................................................................................................
295
298
296
306
296
297
User access
Managing....................................................................................................................... 295
Setting conditions......................................................................................................... 309
To objects....................................................................................................................... 300
User Access tool
Opening......................................................................................................................... 306
User account
Creating new user account........................................................................................... 306
Disabling....................................................................................................................... 307
User folders.................................................................................................................... 101
User group
Creating.........................................................................................................................
Deleting.........................................................................................................................
Editing...........................................................................................................................
Managing.......................................................................................................................
308
309
309
306
User interface conventions.............................................................................................. 91
User name......................................................................................................................... 92
User preferences...................................................................................................... 282, 293
Specifying...................................................................................................................... 293
User roles
Managing....................................................................................................................... 306
Modifying access rights................................................................................................ 309
Ventilation................................................................................................................... 41, 50
Ventilation dust filters
Exchanging.................................................................................................................... 358
Ventilation requirements................................................................................................ 41
VIC / HEX / Yellow555................................................................................................ 56, 57
Reporter dye.................................................................................................................... 67
View results
Absolute Quantification analysis................................................................................. 176
Relative Quantification analysis................................................................................... 198
Virtual LightCycler® 480 Instrument........................................................................... 123
Warnings and precautions
LightCycler® 480 Instrument......................................................................................... 19
Window sections
F
Resizing............................................................................................................................ 98
Appendix
393
Index
Xenon lamp.................................................................................................................... 354
Exchanging.................................................................................................................... 354
Exchanging the fuse...................................................................................................... 364
Fuse................................................................................................................................ 362
Zoom in/out
Chart...................................................................................................................... 153, 274
Multiwell plates (MWP) image.................................................................................... 109
F
394
LightCycler® 480 Instrument — Software Version 1.5
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www.roche-applied-science.com
Published by
Roche Diagnostics GmbH
Roche Applied Science
68298 Mannheim
Germany
2008 Roche Diagnostics GmbH
All rights reserved.
05152062001 0208
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